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07.28.10

Talk in Spanish: Presente y futuras amenazas a la libertad del software

Posted in Site News at 1:46 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Slide 1

Summary: Translation of last week’s talk about threats to software freedom

I

was delighted to see that some people found the 2-hour talk, which I prepared in the train on my Palm PDA (with external keyboard), valuable enough to translate it.

One reader of Techrights has kindly produced an ODP version and PDF version of the talk, as some people had requested it. He also produced a Spanish translation of it (contents as plain text below).

  • Present and future threats to software freedom [ODP, PDF]
  • Presente y futuras amenazas a la libertad del software [ODP, PDF]

Feel free to reuse these and teach others to keep software free (libre).


Manchester Software Libre
Presente y futuras amenazas a la libertad del software
Dr. Roy Schestowitz
Universidad de Manchester


La libertad del software que usamos constantemente se enfrenta a retos que hay que reconocer con el fin de hacerles frente. En esta presentación, varios de ellos se destacan y son unos pocos ejemplos proporcionados.
Son diapositivas minimalistas para no distraer y animar a más interacciones Por favor, no interrumpir al orador, pero hagan preguntas
Hoy estamos sacando las consideraciones técnicas fuera del tema.


En su lugar …


No nos sorprende saber que los meritos tecnicos de por sí solas no garantizan la victoria


Temas de desafíos (con las intersecciones entre ellas):

1. Marco legal

2. Software filosofía

3. Competencia


Información general
Marco legal

* La legislación del gobierno
* Las patentes de software
* Contratación
normas *


Visión de conjunto – CTD.
Software filosofía

* Paradigmas de negocios (como la adquisición en comparación con el apoyo y mantenimiento)
* Escasez artificial frente a la abundancia
* Conceptos erróneos acerca de la transparencia
* Exclusiones (por motivos ético-político)


Visión de conjunto – CTD.
Competencia

* Publicidad
* Agrupación
* Sistemas heredados / lock-in
conflictos de intereses *


Gobierno legislación

* Distribución del presupuesto y asignación (más sobre esto más adelante)
* Criptografía de exportación
* DMCA contra el descifrado
* ACTA
* Grupos de presión


tratados Transnacional

DMCA – sofoca la ingeniería inversa, el acceso a los medios de comunicación, copia de seguridad, el intercambio, la piratería

ACTA – derechos de autor, patentes, y potencialmente usuarios de Internet en seguimiento (agrupados con la lucha de la medicina falsa)


Las patentes de software

* Las patentes de software sólo es válido en algunos países, pero existen lagunas (ambigüedad “como tal”)
* En Europa, la legalización formal de la reforma solicitada por los nombres diferentes (unificación / armonización / UPLS / Patente Comunitaria)

Sistemas piramidales

* Acaparadores de patentes (por ejemplo, Intellectual Ventures)
* Cruce de licencias (vendedores), las piscinas (por ejemplo, RPX)


Las patentes de software – CTD.
Patentes ofertas

* Secreto, se trata de excluir la competencia
* No revele información sobre patentes reales (el método OCS)
* Los beneficios económicos a los titulares de patentes no importa la elección de los productos comprados (monopolio frente a la ejecución)


Ejemplos de casos de patentes contra Linux

* Apple vs Android / HTC
* Apple amenaza a Palm patente (ahora HP)
* El caso de Apple, Nokia puede incluir Maemo / Meego
* Acacia contra Red Hat, Novell
* Microsoft contra Linux distribuidores (por ejemplo, TomTom)
* OIN defiende “buenas” las patentes de software, sofoca abolishers de las patentes del software


Papel de Novell

* Génesis de las denuncias de patentes contra Linux – mayo-noviembre de 2006 (Novell se acercó a Microsoft)
* Reacción en “Boicot a Novell” campaña (ahora parte de Techrights)
* Novell cuenta con gran cartera de patentes de software (el más alto por empleado), en su mayoría vende software propietario
* Habilitar el dominio de APIs de Microsoft (por ejemplo, Mono, Moonlight)


Papel de Novell – CTD.

* La oferta de “paz IP mental” como propuesta de valor añadido
* FUD (miedo, incertidumbre y duda) – componente visible y oculto / componente implícito
* Solución: recompensa para un comportamiento razonable, denunciar la conducta contraproducente


Obtención

* Tradición versus la novedad
* Proveedores y “puertas giratorias”
* La falta de licitación
* Dependencias dentro del sistema existente
* La asignación presupuestaria depende de las expectativas


Normas

* De hecho, en comparación real
* Organismos de coacción de las normas
* Documentación
* Unilaterales mejoras


Negocios paradigmas

* La distribución gratuita
* Igual que el propietario (gratis / dumping)
* Permite el intercambio de apoyo y mantenimiento (servicios) con base en la habilidad, la escasez
* Barrera: analogías que implica “comunismo”, “virus”, “no fiable”, etc


Conceptos erróneos de código fuente

* Una mayor transparencia mejora el control, la calidad del código
* Posibilidad de copiar (Plurk)
* Código compartido de responsabilidad (no hay más seguro que muchos EULAs)
* Ejecución de los pedidos educados para el cumplimiento, los asentamientos


Publicidad / Fútbol Base / AstroTurf

* Sobre todo amoral o inmoral por naturaleza
* OEM recomendaciones son anuncios
* El valor percibido
* PR organismos manipular periodistas (regalos, las burlas, el acoso a través de editores)
* Monitoreo de la reputación, por ejemplo, en la Wikipedia
* Agentes contratados (a través de agencias periféricas) para burlarse de la competencia


Bundling

* Supresión de la elección
* Percepción de la integración del mercado (monocultivo)
* La insistencia de que los clientes exigen lo que están obligados a recibir
* Aumento de la dependencia del mercado a través de ISV
* Navegador / system/x86 operativo …


Los sistemas legados / lock-in

* Con la ayuda de agrupación
* Sistema interconectado con otros sistemas
* Diseñado para elevar las barreras de salida
* Diferentes bloqueo en capas: Hardware / arquitectura, base de datos, formatos de archivo, los procesos de negocio …


Los conflictos de intereses

* Recursos Humanos (HR) expedirá
* Empresa que compra contrata de la compañía que vende
* Empresa que asesora a contrata de la compañía que compra / vende
* Relaciones interpersonales Popular / preferencias / hábitos / dogma no cambian durante la noche
* La cultura corporativa depende de la dirección y los accionistas
* El proteccionismo, los planes para un futuro después de salir / retirarse


Barrera Ejemplo # 1

Suscripción como parte obligatoria del modelo de negocio – “empresa” y “comunidad” Edición

Propietario requisitos previos


Barrera Ejemplo # 2

* Adquisición de la investigación sesgada

“Mentiras, malditas mentiras y estadísticas”

* Publicidad / contratos en parte diseñados para los conflictos de intereses
* Colocación de las figuras y los métodos de resultados que exige
* Hay que pagar el impuesto “analista” – altos presupuestos necesarios para influir en el consenso


Barrera Ejemplo # 3

Soborno, Memorando de Entendimiento (“Proyecto Mariscal “)


Barrera Ejemplo # 4

* Falsificación spin
* EDGI (detalles en Comes vs Microsoft)

“Ellos se van a volver adictos, y entonces vamos a encontrar la manera de que pagen en la próxima década.”

-Bill Gates
“Es más fácil para nuestro software para competir con Linux cuando hay piratería que cuando no hay.”

-Bill Gates


Lobo con piel de oveja

* KHTML frente WebKit
* Las empresas creado / dirigido por el ex ejecutivos de Microsoft generar dinero de GPL FUD, y añadió la dependencia de software propietario
* Licencias de software que Microsoft controla
* Juntas y conferencias apiladas por las compañías de software propietario en “Open Source” banner


Mensajes para llevar a casa

* Los obstáculos técnicos se imponen a servir como defensores de los puntos fuertes de software propietario
* Despiadado, el comportamiento abrasivo recompensado
* La riqueza otorga facultades a las decisiones de impacto, la percepción, la ley
* Educación para destacar estas cuestiones
* Pruebas que deben aportarse para una respuesta eficaz (por ejemplo, exhibe verificable tribunal, exponiendo citas inadecuado, el amiguismo)

Techrights.org acumula y organiza la información, las iniciativas de campañas de sensibilización


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