Links 6/9/2021: NuTyX 21.09.0 and RSS Guard 4.0.1

Posted in News Roundup at 6:18 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • 9to5Linux Weekly Roundup: September 5th, 2021

      This week has been a bit slow in Linux news and releases, but very interesting. We got a new GNU Linux-libre kernel for free software purists, an upgraded Linux laptop from System76, a new Armbian release for your ARM devices, and a lot of goodies for fans of the KDE Plasma desktop environment, both on mobile and desktop.

      On top of that, we got new major releases of the Nitrux and Linux Lite distributions worth of installing on your personal computers, as well as many updated packages. You can enjoy these and much more in 9to5Linux’s Linux weekly roundup for September 5th, 2021, below!

    • Linux Weekly Roundup #146

      Welcome to this week’s Linux Roundup.

      We had another exciting week in the world of Linux releases with the releases of Bluestar Linux 5.13.13, Linux Lite 5.6, MX Linux Beta 2, and Nitrux 2021.09.01.

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • Linux on the Framework Laptop [Ed: Belated step in the right direction because previously they forced everyone to pay Microsoft for malware]

        We love Linux at Framework. We decided from the start of Framework Laptop development to offer the DIY Edition without an operating system pre-loaded to give you the option to bring your favorite Linux distribution. There has been immense interest in this configuration, with it outselling pre-configured systems with Windows 10 by a wide margin. We provided pre-release hardware to developers and maintainers at Fedora, elementary OS, NixOS, and Arch to make the Linux experience as smooth as possible, and we’ve been impressed by the incredible variety of Linux distros (and OpenBSD too!) being used by all of you.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • Linux Lite 5.6

        Today we are looking at Linux Lite 5.6. It comes with Linux Kernel 5.4, based on Ubuntu 20.04, XFCE 4.14, and uses about 600MB of ram when idling.

      • Linux Lite 5.6 Run Through – Invidious

        In this video, we are looking at Linux Lite 5.6.

      • Playing 0 A.D. Alpha 25 – DT LIVE! – Invidious

        Today, I’m going to be playing one of my favorite free and open source games–0 A.D! This is areal time strategy game that is similar to Age of Empires. 0 A.D. can be found in almost every Linux distro’s repositories.

      • Dealing With The Constant Burnout Struggle – Invidious

        Throughout my time at University I was almost constantly dealing with burnout and today I thought it would be a helpful experience to talk about how I personally dealt with burnout and the strategies I used to try and avoid it in the first place.

    • Kernel Space

      • Linux 5.15 Enabling “-Werror” By Default For All Kernel Builds

        A change made by Linus Torvalds and merged today for Linux 5.15 is enabling the “-Werror” compiler flag by default for all kernel builds.

        The “-Werror” compiler flag treats all warnings as build errors. By promoting all warnings to errors, it enforces the developers to ensure such build warnings that may otherwise go unnoticed or only loosely concerned about by developers to now treat it with priority given that it will interrupt the build process. Many software projects already use “-Werror” by default to enforce better quality control in ensuring warnings get addressed, but most using it tend not to be the size of the Linux kernel.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to install Netbeans IDE on Ubuntu 20.04

        NetBeans is an open-source IDE. An IDE is a programmer’s tool for writing, compiling, debugging, and running programs.
        Thanks to NetBeans developing applications becomes easier and faster. It is written in Java, so we can install it on almost any system, but it can be used for any other programming language such as PHP or Python. There is also an important number of modules to extend the NetBeans IDE through Plugins.

        For this reason, many programmers install it to be able to perform their work better. In this post, you will learn just that.

      • How to Install Yarn on Ubuntu 20.04?

        Yarn is a JavaScript package installer and dependency manager originally released by Facebook in collaboration with Google.

        Yarn comes with changes intended to rival npm being the most popular of its branch. If you are coming from npm, Yarn replaces the existing workflow for the npm client or other package managers while still being compatible with the npm registry.

        In addition, Yarn has attracted a lot of attention not only for its creators but also for its change in approach to downloading and installing packages and managing dependencies.

      • How to install GLPI on Ubuntu 20.04?

        Ubuntu 20.04 is a very popular operating system among servers. So it is not surprising that many important tools are deployed on this system. Today you will learn how to install GLPI on Ubuntu 20.04.

      • How to Install Dovecot on Debian 10?

        Managing an email server is not an easy task. However, there are tools like Dovecot that allow us to configure it quickly so that at least, we have a lot of the way already done. This is what today’s post is about, learning how to install Dovecot on Debian 10.
        Dovecot is an Open source IMAP and POP3 server for GNU/Linux / UNIX-like systems, written primarily with security in mind. However, it is also focused on being fast and easy to install and use.

      • How To Install Docker on Debian 11 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Docker on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, Docker is an open-source project that supports building, testing, deploying, and managing applications in self-sufficient, portable containers. It provides an efficient way to package applications with their libraries and other dependencies into a standardized unit for software development. Docker containers are much faster and more efficient than a virtual machine because they don’t have to run an entire operating system, just the executable that serves the application.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the Docker Comunity Edition (CE) on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

      • How to install Node.js & Npm on Amazon ec2 Ubuntu Linux – Linux Shout

        Node.js is a V8 JavaScript runtime user interface and agile JavaScript interpreter. In few words -Node.js is a method of running JavaScript on the webserver; but it is also much, much more. JavaScript is an event-based language, so anything that happens on the web server triggers a non-blocking opportunity. Here we learn how to install Node.js and NPM on Amazon Ec2 running Ubuntu 20.04 Linux cloud server instance.

      • Mining Bitcoin with Centos 8 – Unixcop

        Bitcoin is peer-to-peer technology to operate with no central authority or banks; the network collectively connects managing transactions and issuing bitcoins.

        BTC is open-source publicly, nobody owns or controls BTC, and everyone can participate. BTC allows exciting uses that any previous payment system could not cover through many of its unique properties. Also, check ripple wallet and BTC wallet.

      • Getting the Top Indicator Panel Back in GNOME – It’s FOSS

        GNOME is the popular desktop environment that thrives to give Linux a modern desktop experience.

        While it works for the most part, some of their decisions has left the user fuming and questioning.

        You cannot have icons and files on the desktop, new document option has been removed from the right click context menu. In addition to that, GNOME has also removed the applet indicator functionality.

        You know what indicator applets are, don’t you? Those little icons that let you access additional features of the given application. I have plenty of them in my Ubuntu system.

      • How To Install Redmine on AlmaLinux 8 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Redmine on AlmaLinux 8. For those of you who didn’t know, Redmine is a cross-platform as well as cross-database flexible project management web application. Redmine includes support for multiple projects, wikis, issue tracking systems, forums, calendars, email notifications, and much more.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of Redmine open source project management software on an AlmaLinux 8. You can follow the same instructions for CentOS and Rocky Linux.

      • How to Install Odoo 14 on Ubuntu – Unixcop

        Odoo is a suite of business management software tools including, for example, CRM, e-commerce, billing, accounting, manufacturing, warehouse, project management, and inventory management. The Community version is a libre software, licensed under the GNU LGPLv3. The Enterprise version has proprietary extra features and services. The source code for the framework and core ERP modules is curated by the Belgium-based Odoo S.A. Odoo is available for both on-premise and ready to use SaaS environment.

    • Distributions

      • New Releases

        • MX Linux 21 Distro Gets a Second Beta Release with Updated Installer and Live Boot Menus

          At the end of July, the MX Linux 21 “Wildflower” distribution entered public beta testing with its flagship Xfce edition based on the recently released Debian GNU/Linux 11 “Bullseye” operating system series. A month later, at the end of August, the KDE Plasma and Fluxbox editions entered beta testing too.

          Now, almost two weeks later, a second beta release is available for all three flavors, bringing an updated installer, updated live boot menus with new rollback options, new Mesa Vulkan drivers, new “mx-comfort” themes, Debian’s Security repository enabled by default, as well as better support for some Realtek Wi-Fi cards.

        • NuTyX 21.09.0 available with cards 2.4.136

          The NuTyX team is happy to announce the new version of NuTyX 21.09.0 and cards 2.4.136.

          The xorg-server graphics server version 1.20.13, the Mesa 3D library in 21.2.1, gtk3 3.24.30 and qt 5.15.2.

          The python interpreters are en 3.9.6 et 2.7.18.

          The XFCE desktop environment is updated to version 4.16.

          The MATE desktop environment is a 1.26 version .

          The GNOME desktop environment is also updated to version 40.4.

          The KDE desktop environment is available in Plasma 5.22.5, Framework 5.85.0 and applications in 21.08.1.

          Available browsers are: firefox 91.0.2, chromium 92.0.4515.159, epiphany 40.3, etc

          Many desktop applications have been updated as well like thunderbird 78.13.0, Scribus 1.5.7, libreoffice, gimp 2.10.24, etc.

          Core NuTyX ships with Long Term Support (LTS) kernels: 4.9.282, 4.14.246, 4.19.206, 5.4.144 and 5.10.62 and the latest stable version 5.14.1 .

        • OpenWrt 21.02.0 released

          Version 21.02.0 of the OpenWrt router distribution is out. “It incorporates over 5800 commits since branching the previous OpenWrt 19.07 release and has been under development for about one and a half year”. Significant changes include WPA3 support by default, TLS support in opkg and in the LuCi interface, initial Distributed Switch Architecture support, new hardware support, and more. See the release notes for more information.

      • SUSE/OpenSUSE

      • Debian Family

        • XDO Pantera Pico PC review: a Rubik’s Cube sized PC

          The XDO Pantera Pico PC will be available in a number of different configurations, but they’ll all have the basics such as an Intel J4125 2.7Ghz Gemini Lake Celeron processor, 2.4/5Ghz 422Mb/s WiFi, Bluetooth 5.0, 3 USB-A 3.0 ports, 1 USB-A 2.0 port, M.2 internal SSD storage, a Micro SD slot, a 3.5mm audio jack, HDMI 2.0 port, and Intel UHD Graphics 600 GPU for 4K video output. There is a USB-C port, but that’s only used for the power supply. The dimensions are 60 x 60 x 50 mm and the weight is 0.39lbs. Configuration options will have 4 to 8Gb LPDDR4 RAM, and 64Gb to 512Gb EMMC5.1 storage.


          Debian 11 works a lot more reliably, but it doesn’t include the WiFi hardware drivers out of the gate, so getting the network connection might take some work.

          Getting some flavor of Linux running on this will take some more time, but XDO provides a guide for getting Ubuntu to run as a live disk from a USB drive. Ubuntu gave me some errors trying to get it onto a MicroSD card (as I think that card became corrupted after installing Debian 11), so I didn’t even get that to live boot just yet.

        • SonoBus

          There is a new application available for Sparkers: SonoBus

        • Ulrike Uhlig & Debian, the $200,000 woman who quit

          From all those women and all that money, Debian only found one woman who became a Debian Developer, Ulrike Uhlig. Ulrike has quit Debian after just 4 years.

          Debian paid $200,000 to find this woman and she quit.

          Ulrike claims to be interested in human rights and mediation techniques. Yet she went to the online DebConf and gave a talk with the mafiosi Enrico Zini, this is the fascist who expels people on a whim without any due process or any other basics of human rights. Zini was complicit in expelling Dr Norbert Preining the week before Christmas and also fabricating the rape accusations against Jacob Appelbaum. For Ulrike to give a talk with a gangster like this suggests that she has no understanding of the principles she claims to stand for.

    • Devices/Embedded

      • Open Hardware/Modding

        • 3D Printering: Is Hassle-Free Bed Leveling Finally Here?

          3D printers have come a long way over the past several years, but the process of bed leveling remains a pain point. Let’s take a look at the different ways the problem has been tackled, and whether recent developments have succeeded in automating away the hassle.

        • Upgrade Board Adds GPIO Pins To Your Replica PDP-11

          Like many Hackaday readers, [Steven Stallion] has had his eyes on the replica PDP-11 created by [Oscar Vermeulen] for some time now, and this summer he finally got the opportunity to build one himself. But while most owners might be content to just watch the Raspberry Pi based faux-retro computer blink away on a shelf, he wanted to explore putting the machine to more practical use. The end result is the PiDP-11 I/O Expander, an add-on that lets the modern minicomputer interact with the world around it.

        • Apple investigating RISC-V instruction set architecture, job listing shows

          A job listing posted to Apple’s website this week reveals the company is researching RISC-V instruction set architecture solutions, suggesting future in-house chip designs might implement the open-source technology.

        • New RP2040 Powered Board Adds PoE
        • Raspberry Pi Cardboard Robot Arm Cuts Costs

          Let’s face it—Raspberry Pi kits can get expensive. But if you’ve got a few spare parts lying around, you might be able to build something functional from scratch. No extruded aluminum lying around? No problem! Maker Fricktorio has managed to create a Raspberry Pi-powered robotic arm from scratch using cardboard.

          The best Raspberry Pi projects are the ones that you can make at home and this project relies on a few easy-to-find materials. The cardboard is used to construct most of the frame which is held together with a little bit of hot glue. It also features a mechanism at the end of the arm to pinch and grab things made from unfolded paper clips.

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Maryland Today | $100K Mellon Grant Funds Continuation of Persian,…

        The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation has awarded a $100,000 grant to support the continued development of user-friendly, open-source software capable of creating digital texts from Persian and Arabic books.

      • RSS Guard 4.0.1

        RSS Guard is a simple (yet powerful) feed reader. It is able to fetch the most known feed formats, including RSS/RDF and ATOM. It’s free, it’s open-source. RSS Guard currently supports Czech, Dutch, English, French, German, Italian. RSS Guard will never depend on other services – this includes online news aggregators like Feedly, The Old Reader and others.

      • HarmonyOS 2.0 reaches 90 million users, 8 new users are added every second

        Huawei set an ambitious goal for HarmonyOS 2.0 – to reach 300 million devices by the end of the year. That’s a big number, but doesn’t sound impossible as the new OS is expanding quickly: it was at 10 million users in early June, 70 million at the end of August and days later it has shot up by another 20 million users.

        That brings the total to 90 million. Okay, we should clear some things up. First, these numbers actually count the devices running HarmonyOS, which may not correspond to users one to one (i.e. someone may have multiple devices). Still, that’s quite impressive.

        Also, 100 million of the 300 million total will be third party devices, so they will be Internet of Things (IoT) and other smart gadgets. That still leaves a long way to go, but as you can see the adoption is growing quickly.

      • Blender Movies: 10 Must-See Movies Made with Blender
      • Blender 2.93.4

        Blender is the free and open source 3D creation suite. It supports the entirety of the 3D pipeline—modeling, rigging, animation, simulation, rendering, compositing and motion tracking, even video editing and game creation. Through it’s open architecture, Blender provides cross-platform interoperability, extensibility, an incredibly small footprint, and a tightly integrated workflow. Blender is one of the most popular Open Source 3D graphics application in the world.

  • Leftovers

    • Hardware

      • EU to formally probe Nvidia’s $54bn takeover over British chip designer Arm – report

        Nvidia told The Reg it would work “with the European Commission to address any concerns they may have” after reports it is set open a formal competition law investigation into the AI firm’s purchase of Arm from Softbank.

        The Financial Times reported this morning that the political bloc will examine whether or not the $54bn takeover deal will result in reduced competition between the world’s leading chip designers.

        “The investigation is likely to begin after Nvidia officially notifies the European Commission of its plan to acquire Arm,” said the UK financial newspaper, quoting two people in the know about Nvidia’s plans, “with the US chipmaker planning to make its submission in the week starting September 6.”

      • Samsung Galaxy S21 FE user manual reveals lack of microSD card slot, no charger in box – GSMArena.com news

        Samsung’s Galaxy S21 FE has long been rumored to have been delayed because of the ongoing chip crisis, but it will hopefully launch at some point in the next few weeks.

        Before that happens, more and more details about it are starting to surface, and today its user manual is the star of the show. This unfortunately reveals that the S21 FE will not have a microSD card slot.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • [Older] Windows 365 No Deal for Non-Biz Linux Users
        • Conor Friedersdorf: Spyware on Your iPhone Is a Step Too Far

          Privacy is a set of curtains drawn across the windows of our lives. And technology companies are moths that will chew through more of the fabric every year if we let them, and especially if we encourage them.

        • Infosys CEO hauled in to tell minister why India’s tax portal is still a glitchy mess • The Register

          India’s government has summoned the CEO of Infosys to explain why a tax portal built by the services giant remains a glitchy mess ten weeks after launch.

          The portal went live on June 8th but immediately proved so unreliable that the government was forced to revert to paper-based tax filing processes and to extend filing deadlines.

          Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman shamed Infosys with some mean tweets, then hauled execs in to explain themselves.

        • Security

          • F5 Patches 29 Security Vulnerabilities but No Fix for Bug Allowing Complete System Takeover in Sensitive Sectors – CPO Magazine

            F5 released patches of more than two dozen security vulnerabilities impacting BIG-IP and BIG-IQ products.

            Notably, is the F5 bug CVE-2021-23031 (CVSS 8.8) which is elevated to critical (CVSS 9.9) for “Appliance Mode” users because it could allow authenticated attackers to bypass restrictions in this state and escalate privileges resulting in complete system takeover.

          • Boffins find if you torture AMD Zen+, Zen 2 CPUs enough, they are vulnerable to Meltdown-like attack [Ed: There are so many deliberate back doors everywhere in proprietary software and designs (e.g. AMD's PSP), so one need not go through all this theoretical trouble]

            Computer scientists at TU Dresden in Germany have found that AMD’s Zen processor family is vulnerable to a data-bothering Meltdown-like attack after all.

            Exploiting this weakness is an academic exercise, it seems; there are more practical and easier ways for malware and malicious users to interfere with systems. If anything, it reminds us that modern CPU architectures have all kinds of side-channels, with some probably still left to find.

          • Bug Bounty Radar // The latest bug bounty programs for September 2021

            In bug bounty program news this past month, a researcher has earned $15,000 for reporting a bug in Chromium that allowed code to be injected in embedded site pages, even if the target and destinations existed on separate domains.
            Two dating apps also displayed their vulnerabilities. Yan Zhu, security engineer at privacy-focused browser Brave, found, a vulnerability in OKCupid allowed attackers to trick users into ‘liking’ or messaging to other profiles – potentially gaming the system.

          • Bumble fumble: Dude divines definitive location of dating app users despite disguised distances

            Up until this year, dating app Bumble inadvertently provided a way to find the exact location of its internet lonely-hearts, much in the same way one could geo-locate Tinder users back in 2014.

            In a blog post on Wednesday, Robert Heaton, a security engineer at payments biz Stripe, explained how he managed to bypass Bumble’s defenses and implement a system for finding the precise location of Bumblers.

          • Bangkok Airways hit by LockBit ransomware attack, loses lotsa data after refusing to pay

            Bangkok Airways has revealed it was the victim of a cyberattack from ransomware group LockBit on August 23rd, resulting in the publishing of stolen data.

            Bangkok Airways’ announcement about the matter came last Thursday, a day after LockBit posted a message on its dark web portal threatening the airline to pay a ransom or suffer a data leak.

            The airline was given five days to sort payment, but instead of coughing up it disclosed the breach. LockBit responded by publishing the lot. Competing claims about the resulting data dump rate it at 103GB and over 200GB.

          • Apple wants to scan iCloud to protect kids, can’t even keep them safe in its own App Store

            In a report released on Wednesday, the Tech Transparency Project contends that Apple “is failing to take even the most basic steps to protect children” in the App Store. Failures in age verification exposed children to pornography, gambling, and a host of other supposedly age-limited apps.

          • Azure’s now-fixed Cosmos DB flaw could have been exploited to read, write any database
          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • For the First Time, the FTC Has Banned a Company from the Surveillance Business

              For more crisp and insightful business and economic news, subscribe to The Daily Upside newsletter. It’s completely free and we guarantee you’ll learn something new every day.

              The U.S. Federal Trade Commission has just, for the first time, banned a company from the surveillance app business. The indictment: creating so-called “stalkerware” — apps or software that secretly track a mobile user’s activities and location.

              Support King — which conducts business publicly as SpyFone and says its service is for monitoring children and employees — has done precious little to stop stalkers and abusers from using its services to surveil their victims, the FTC said.

            • Facebook used facial recognition without consent 200,000 times, says South Korea’s data watchdog • The Register

              Facebook, Netflix and Google have all received reprimands or fines, and an order to make corrective action, from South Korea’s government data protection watchdog, the Personal Information Protection Commission (PIPC).

              The PIPC announced a privacy audit last year and has revealed that three companies – Facebook, Netflix and Google – were in violations of laws and had insufficient privacy protection.

              Facebook alone was ordered to pay 6.46 billion won (US$5.5m) for creating and storing facial recognition templates of 200,000 local users without proper consent between April 2018 and September 2019.

            • China puts continuous consent at the center of data protection law

              China has passed a law that authorities say “further perfects” existing arrangements for protection of personal data.

              The new “Personal Information Protection Law of the People’s Republic of China” comes into effect on November 1st, 2021, and comprises eight chapters and 74 articles that outline strict yet vague measures on how and when data is collected and managed, individuals’ rights, and who ultimately owns data.

            • Leaked: List of police, govt, uni orgs in Clearview AI’s facial-recognition trials

              Clearview AI’s controversial facial-recognition system has been trialed, at least, by police, government agencies, and universities around the world, according to newly leaked files.

              Internal documents revealed by BuzzFeed News show that Clearview offered its technology to law enforcement agencies, governments, and academic institutions in 24 countries, including the UK, Brazil, and Saudi Arabia, on a try-before-you-buy basis.

            • Clearview AI Offered Free Trials To Police Around The World

              Law enforcement agencies and government organizations from 24 countries outside the United States used a controversial facial recognition technology called Clearview AI, according to internal company data reviewed by BuzzFeed News.

              That data, which runs up until February 2020, shows that police departments, prosecutors’ offices, universities, and interior ministries from around the world ran nearly 14,000 searches with Clearview AI’s software. At many law enforcement agencies from Canada to Finland, officers used the software without their higher-ups’ knowledge or permission. After receiving questions from BuzzFeed News, some organizations admitted that the technology had been used without leadership oversight.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • Cops responding to ShotSpotter’s AI alerts rarely find evidence of gun crime, says Chicago watchdog

        Police responding to ShotSpotter’s AI-generated alerts of gunfire find evidence of actual gun-related crime only about one time in ten, a Chicago public watchdog has found.

        The California biz uses machine-learning algorithms to determine whether loud bangs caught by microphones deployed across more than 100 US cities are gunshots or not. If a shot is identified, the location of the noise is triangulated and sent to the police as an immediate, real-time alert, and reports are later compiled for prosecutors for use in court cases.

        ShotSpotter is under the microscope right now because a 65-year-old man spent almost a year behind bars awaiting trial for murder – and the primary evidence against him was a disputed ShotSpotter report of a gunshot.

      • Israeli firm Bright Data named as enabler of Philippines government DDOS attacks on opposition groups

        Swedish digital rights organisation Qurium has alleged that an Israeli company called Bright Data has helped the government of the Philippines to DDOS local human rights organisation Karapatan.

        In July, Qurium reported that the Philippines Department of Science and Technology and Army had conducted DDOS attacks on local media critical of the nation’s government, and targeted Karapatan.

        Last week, Qurium reported a new wave of attacks on Karapatan, detailing a three-week campaign felt to be aimed at derailing efforts to protest extra-judicial killings – including the death of a Karapatan member.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • The rise of a generation of censors: Law schools the latest battlement over free speech | TheHill

        ree speech on American college campuses has been in a free fall for years. From high schools through law schools, free speech has gone from being considered a right that defines our society to being dismissed as a threat. According to polling, the result is arguably one of the most anti-free-speech generations in our history. The danger is more acute because it has reached law schools where future judges and lawyers may replicate the same intolerance in our legal system.

        A recent controversy at Duke Law School highlights this danger. “Law & Contemporary Problems” is a faculty-run journal that recently decided to do a balanced symposium on “Sex and the Law” — including transgender issues — and asked Professor Kathleen Stock of the University of Sussex (who has criticized transgender positions) to participate.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • Yahoo! India! shuts! down! news! operation! • The Register

        Yahoo!’s Indian outpost has stopped publishing news – even news about cricket.

        “We did not come to this decision lightly,” states an FAQ about the shut-down, adding “However, Yahoo! India has been impacted by changes to regulatory laws in India that now limit the foreign ownership of media companies that operate and publish digital content in India.”

        The FAQ says India’s laws impact even Yahoo Cricket, because that includes news content, while the site’s entertainment news and MAKERS India – a site dedicated to “Women who make India” has also gone. Yahoo! Finance and Yahoo! News have also gone dark.

      • Wikipedia Is Trying to Transcend the Limits of Human Language

        Wikipedia has 323 language editions, and at times, there are huge differences between them.

        For instance, Jasenovac was a concentration and extermination camp during World War II, which is described in detail on English Wikipedia. Hebrew Wikipedia, and other language versions. But according to Croatian Wikipedia, Jasenovac was merely a labor camp.

      • Wikipedia Co-Founder to Launch Roundtable Discussion on “Universal Network of Encyclopedias”

        At a cultural moment in which the media is becoming ever more opinionated and centralized—and less trusted to report all the facts—Dr. Larry Sanger, co-founder of Wikipedia, is announcing an initiative to decentralize the world’s encyclopedias. A new non-profit aims to promote technical standards and software that will make it easier to find high-quality information and a global range of opinion. Sanger and a group of like-minded technologists incorporated the non-profit Knowledge Standards Foundation (KSF) late last year and have been making preparations to launch a deep-dive seminar / discussion group that will hash out the details. The mostly-volunteer group has started several software projects.

      • India’s Anti-VPN Plan a Threat to Privacy, Internet Freedom: Experts

        The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Home Affairs wants VPNs to be blocked. It has asked the Indian government to obstruct access to virtual private networks, alleging that such services enable ‘criminals to remain anonymous online.’

        Interestingly, this development comes months after the government liberalised the usage of VPN by Other Service Providers (OSPs), in view of the ensuing coronavirus pandemic – as VPNs allow people to work from home securely, while allaying employers’ fears of loss of information and cyber threats.

    • Digital Restrictions (DRM)

    • Monopolies

      • The Danish Patent Office Changes Its Procedure For SPC Applications

        Up until now, the Danish Patent Office (Patent- og Varemærkestyrelsen) has allowed SPC applications for medicines based on a different medical use than the already approved use of a medicinal product, considering the marketing approval of the further medical use as the “first authorisation to place the product on the market” for the purposes of Article 3(d) of the SPC Regulation (EC 469/2009).

        In view of the Santen decision from the CJEU (C-673/18), the Danish Patent Office has now decided to discontinue this practice and not approve SPC applications based on a further medical use of an already approved medicinal product (since it would in fact not comply with Article 3(d)).

        The new practice applies to future SPC applications as well as pending applications. However, already granted SPCs that would have been refused based on the new practice will not be examined ex officio by the Danish Patent Office. Any third party interested in having an incorrectly granted SPC re-examined by the Danish Patent Office can instigate this by filing a request for re-examination.

      • Patents

        • Nota Bene Episode 141: Artificial Intelligence Technologies: Past, Present, and Forward with Siraj Husain [Ed: The Artificial Intelligence Lab in MIT is a lot older than the fools who promote this for marketing, patent, monopoly and surveillance agenda]
        • Trends in OTT technology — how AI and ML are transforming content production and delivery [Ed: Using hype and buzzwords (nothing new or novel) to justify radical patent agenda for patent litigation firms]

          AL and ML inventions are viewed as (computer implemented) mathematical methods by the European Patent Office (EPO) and are therefore governed by the same provisions. While computer software and mathematical methods are commonly believed to be excluded from patentability, this isn’t always the case.

          Article 52(2)(c) of the European Patent Convention (EPC) excludes computer programs and mathematical methods “as such” from patent protection. However, it can be possible to protect AI and ML inventions if, above the usual requirements around novelty, inventive step and industrial application, you’re able to identify the technical purpose of the AI invention and draft the patent application around it. Alternatively, you may be able to bring out a specific technical implementation of the AI within the invention to demonstrate that it works in a different way to pre-existing technology. There are some specific EPO guidelines around this.

        • [Ed: Patenting mere dosages? How far would patent maximalists stretch the patent law or caselaw? Until the law gets abolished?]

          Are dosage regimens patentable in Singapore? Well, the IP Office of Singapore (IPOS) thinks so, because its Guidelines for Patent Examination clearly states that dosage regimen patents should be considered patentable based on relatively recent case law from the UK. However, Singapore’s courts have yet to rule on this issue, so some doubt remains because Singapore’s judges have regularly ruled against applying UK law if it is deemed to have been significantly influenced by the European Patent Convention (EPC). That may be the case for dosage regimens and we discuss this further below.

        • Fifth Circuit upholds Ericsson FRAND victory against HTC

          The US Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit has ruled in favour of Ericsson in its dispute with HTC, upholding an earlier jury decision that the licensing offer made by the Swedish company was fair, reasonable, and non-discriminatory.

          In a judgment handed down on Tuesday, August 31, the court said HTC failed to show that Ericsson’s proposed licence was out of line with previous licences for similar companies. The dispute centred on Ericsson’s 2G, 3G and 4G wireless patents.

          Ericsson and HTC had previously signed cross-licensing agreements for their standard essential patents (SEPs), but talks broke down when the two began negotiating for a new licence in 2016.

          Ericsson offered HTC a rate of $2.50 per 4G device, in line with the amount HTC paid for the previous licence.

          HTC responded with an offer of $0.10 per device, arguing the rate should be based on the smallest saleable unit that practised the patents. It was this offer that “chilled” the negotiations, according to Ericsson.

          HTC then sued Ericsson at the District Court for the Eastern District of Texas in 2017, alleging Ericsson had breached its obligation to license its SEPs on FRAND terms.

          According to the jury in the Texas court, HTC failed to prove that Ericsson breached its FRAND duties.

          HTC appealed against that ruling to the Fifth Circuit. But according to Circuit Judge Jennifer Elrod, it failed to preserve its challenge.

          “Ericsson presented substantial evidence to support its position that it had offered FRAND terms to HTC. Ericsson pointed to licences with similarly situated companies to HTC that had terms that were remarkably similar to those offered to HTC,” the judgment found.

        • In-house ponder counterfeit message shift amid worrying apathy [Ed: Maybe stop calling people "pirates" and copying "theft"... or making up nonsensical terms like "IP practitioners" (which is basically a lie). Then maybe -- just maybe -- some people will take you seriously]

          Counsel debate how IP practitioners can realistically sway public opinion after data reveals many consumers are seemingly happy to purchase counterfeits

        • Webinar on Protection of Cannabis Plants in LATAM [Ed: Pretentious lawyers now command monopolies over narcotics... if it's not "against the law", then "it's against our law... which we bought to 'own' everything" (even plants!)]
        • Can AI Be Listed As An Inventor? South Africa and Australia say YES! [Ed: Patent litigation firms mistake this for a badge of honour; but if you ask people about patents for bots or monopolies for programs, you will see it's a badge of shame]

          Last year, the USPTO confirmed that artificial intelligence (AI) cannot be listed as an inventor on a patent application. Now, an Australian court has ruled that AI systems can be legally recognized as inventors in patent applications.

          The decision in Australia came just a few days after South Africa became the first country to recognize an AI as an inventor.

          The AI system at issue is called DABUS, which stands for “device for the autonomous bootstrapping of unified sentience.”

        • Patent protection: US court does not recognize artificial intelligence as an inventor

          The legal battle of a multidisciplinary international team, which is campaigning for the recognition of the “connectionist artificial intelligence” (AI) Dabus as an inventor in the sense of patent law, is one chapter richer. A federal court for the district of Alexandria in the US state of Virginia has now ruled that the computer system in the United States cannot be classified as a creative force. The variant of a neural network may therefore not be registered there as an inventor in an application for a patent.

        • Innovations in Renewable Energies and Battery Storage [Ed: Quoting paid-for greenwashing propaganda from the EPO, which needs creative ways to distract from its corruption and crimes]

          In 2020, a joint study published by the European Patent Office and the International Energy Agency revealed that “batteries account for nearly 90% of all patenting activity in the area of electricity storage, and that the rise in innovation is chiefly driven by advances in rechargeable lithium-ion batteries used in consumer electronic devices and electric cars.”

        • AI Machines Can’t Not Be Granted Patents on Inventions: Judge [Ed: AI Machines meaning bots]
        • Revealed: Federal Circuit rehearing grant rates and reasoning [Ed: Patent trolls’ megaphone Patrick Wingrove still trying to scandalise PTAB and CAFC (old tactics) for thwarting a lot of fake patents that USPTO erroneously granted for quick cash]

          The US’s patent appellate court accepts very few petitions for rehearings, as new data reveals, but it won’t deter some counsel from trying

        • Software Patents

          • Determining Visibility Of Content On Web Browser By Indirect Measurement: Technical [Ed: Deeply compromised EPO boards (stacked by thugs who infiltrated the Office) continue to approve abstract patents]

            This EPO Board of Appeal decision concerns a patent application for determining the visibility of content on a web browser. In the appeal, the Board considered that determination is performed by measuring raw information about running web browsers to estimate a technically meaningful parameter. Such indirect measurement is normally of a technical nature.

          • Still True: Name of the Game is the Claim

            This is an old-school claim construction case. The district court narrowly construed DET’s claim term “three-dimensional spreadsheet” and consequently ruled that Google does not infringe. On appeal, the Federal Circuit has affirmed.


            Judge Stark had construed the claims prior to his eligibility ruling. On remand, however, Google asked for additional claim construction of the preamble term “three-dimensional spreadsheet” since that aspect of the invention had been critical to the Federal Circuit’s eligibility determination.

      • Trademarks

        • Greek God or Continent? Defining “Confusing Similarity” under the Anti-Cybersquatting Consumer Protection Act

          Examining whether a registered mark and a domain name were confusingly similar under the Anti-Cybersquatting Consumer Protection Act (ACPA), the US Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit affirmed the district court’s grant of summary judgment in favor of the trademark owner because the mark and domains are nearly identical in sight, sound and meaning. Boigris v. EWC P&T, LLC, Case No. 20-11929 (11th Cir. Aug. 6, 2021) (Marcus, J.) (Newsom, J. dissenting). The registered trademark is “European Wax Center” and the domain names in issue are “europawaxcenter.com” and “euwaxcenter.com.”

          EWC runs a nationwide beauty brand titled European Wax Center that offers hair removal services and beauty products and also holds a trademark under the same name. Since 2015, EWC sold cosmetics under the marks “reveal me,” “renew me” and “smooth me.” Bryan Boigris has no direct background related to the production of beauty products, but in April 2016, he claimed an intent to begin selling such products and attempted to register trademarks at the US Patent & Trademark Office (PTO) for “reveal me,” “renew me” and “smooth me,” none of which had been used in commerce before by Boigris. Boigris also registered 11 domain names including, “euwaxcenter.com” and “europawaxcenter.com.” Upon discovery of Boigris’s pending applications, EWC filed for its own trademark applications for “reveal me,” “renew me” and “smooth me” and filed an opposition to Boigris’s pending applications at the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (TTAB). The TTAB sustained the oppositions.

        • European Design Protection for the Automotive Industry

          It is a common misconception, particularly among multinational businesses, that the European design protection system is nearly identical to the design patent system in the United States. In fact, this is not the case: The EU design system has significant advantages as well as certain disadvantages compared to the US system. The EU legislation (Council Regulation No 6/2002 of 12 December 2001 on Community designs) provides a broad definition of a design, which can apply to 3D or 2D objects, such as logos. Below, we take a look at some of the key features of design protections under EU regulation that are of relevance to the automotive industry.

      • Copyrights

        • Locast, the streaming-TV nonprofit sued by media giants, suspends service

          Locast, a small, nonprofit service that streamed over-the-air channels free online to more than 3 million US viewers, is suspending operations immediately, the company said Thursday, after suffering a legal setback in its copyright battle with the country’s biggest media companies earlier this week. The decision comes one day after Locast vowed to remain “committed to its mission” of delivering free, local broadcast TV across the US.

        • Take-Two Files Suit Against Grand Theft Auto Reverse Engineering Project

          Take-Two Interactive has filed a suit against contributors to a project called “re3″ that reverse engineered Grand Theft Auto III and GTA Vice City to make them playable on new platforms.

          Kotaku reported that Take-Two’s lawsuit was filed against 14 programmers in the Northern District of California by a Manhattan-based law firm called Mitchell Silberberg & Knupp. The company is seeking a preliminary injunction and a trial by jury for claims related to the suit.


          The code for re3 is currently available on GitHub, but the platform warns that the repository has been archived by its owner, which means it will be read-only unless it’s restored.

5 Years Ago: Benjamin Henrion (FFII) Explains the Connection Between Software Patents and UPC

Posted in Europe, Patents at 5:40 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link

Summary: In FOSDEM, Benjamin Henrion explained how EPO tricks examiners into thinking that European software patents are OK and why UPC would extend this to courts, too

[Meme] Teaser About Lithuanian Patent Office Affairs…

Posted in Europe, Patents at 5:21 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

It started with a kiss; Ended in tragedy

Summary: Tomorrow morning we shall take a look at inside affairs at the Lithuanian Patent Office

Social Engineering and the Danger of Focus on Semantics (Like ‘Offensive’ Words), Not the Syntactic

Posted in Free/Libre Software at 4:49 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Torvalds familySummary: Contrary to what corporate media wants ordinary folks to think, the Free software community is far more amicable, welcoming and polite than the proprietary software companies which command that media; if you come to cause trouble and inflame feuds, however, we’ll respond accordingly (and defensively)

To some people, computer code isn’t readable; they’re not fluent at it because they weren’t trained to do so. It doesn’t make them bad people. But for the same reason I stay away from chemistry (which I only studied at school) it makes sense for people who lack coding competencies not to lecture coders on supposedly “offensive” variable names (they’re usually not offensive at all, but for those who cannot understand code only the English words stand out).

Coding meme: I don't know how to code; So I focus on other thingsIn IRC, we recently had some very lengthy discussions about this. Nothing rude or anything, and moreover it’s all public (we release unredacted logs on a daily basis; redactions are rare).

Free software welcomes everyone, not just developers. We need documentation, art, users’ feedback, et cetera et cetera. But let’s remember not to step on the toes of people whose expertise differs greatly from ours. Overstepping boundaries leads to infighting and when the fighting is sponsored by companies like Google, IBM, and Microsoft the fighting is potentially intentional (by design).

Free software is already very inclusive and diverse (compared to other areas in the realm of computer science — a realm long dominated by coders who are male). We don’t discriminate based on job interviews. We don’t ‘fire’ people.

“We don’t discriminate based on job interviews. We don’t ‘fire’ people.”Come and join us. Help us make the world a better place. But don’t come just to troll us for career-climbing ego-boosting tantrum-throwing episodes. If we respond assertively, maybe you deserved it. And not because of race or gender.

Links 5/9/2021: OpenWrt 21.02 and Dav1d 0.9.2

Posted in News Roundup at 11:18 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • Ask me anything: I switched from Mac to Linux because of Apple’s surveillance

        For those that switched off Apple already, share your stories! What hardware or software did you get? What was your decision like? How’s it going so far?

        inspired by this post below by @RightsOfBill and insight from @hashbreaker2021

        2 weeks ago I purchased a Lemur Pro laptop from System76. I had just purchased a 16″ MBP from Apple a year ago so I wasn’t looking for a replacement. I’ve used Macs forever and in the past 24 months bought a MBP, iPad, Watch, Airpods pros and max. I was cheering Apple’s “Mind your own business” ads. Then this CSAM bs. Bye.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • This Week in Linux 166: Linux 5.14, CentOS Lifeline, Naomi Wu / UMIDIGI, GNOME, KDE Plasma

        On this episode of This Week in Linux, Linux 5.14, What’s Coming in KDE Plasma 5.23, GNOME 41 Beta & New GNOME Apps Website, CentOS Support Lifeline from CloudLinux, CentOS SIG Repositories in AlmaLinux, Asahi Linux Progess on M1 Mac, Naomi Wu Gets GPL Compliance from UMIDIGI, CuteFish OS Beta, EndeavourOS, Linux From Scratch 11, LibreOffice 7.2, and LibreELEC. All that and much more on Your Weekly Source for Linux GNews!

      • Noodlings 33 | Just a Playground
      • GNU World Order 424

        The **llc** , **lli** , **llvm-ar** , **llvm-as** , **llvm-bcanalyzer** , **llvm-c-test** , **llvm-config** , and **llvm-cov** commands from the **d** software series of Slackware. Also, an off-script rogue demo of **lcov**.

    • Kernel Space

      • High Resolution Scrolling On Linux Progressing, Apple Magic Mouse Support In Linux 5.15 – Phoronix

        Being worked on for several years now on the Linux desktop has been high resolution scrolling including work for it around X Input, the libinput library used both by X.Org and Wayland systems, and the kernel driver side for the HID/input devices to support it. The latest user-space work is high resolution scroll wheel support within the next libinput release. Separately, with Linux 5.15 is now additionally support for high resolution scrolling with the Apple Magic Mouse.

        Peter Hutterer of Red Hat who serves as the Linux input expert and is responsible for much of the high resolution scrolling work released libinput 1.18-rc1. With this new snapshot there is support for hold gestures and high resolution scroll wheel support. Peter notes in that announcement that the high resolution wheel scrolling replaces the earlier pointer axis API.

      • F2FS Sees More Performance Work For Linux 5.15 – Phoronix

        With Linux 5.15 there are optimizations for EXT4, big improvements for XFS, and significant work on Btrfs too. Rounding out the notable file-system work on Linux 5.15, the F2FS updates were submitted and subsequently landed for this next kernel version.

        F2FS with Linux 5.15 has also been striving for better performance by addressing issues around locking contention, correcting compress_cache issues, and resolving other problems.

      • FUTEX2 Revised Again For Helping Steam Play But Will Miss Out On Linux 5.15 – Phoronix

        One of the kernel patch series that has seen ongoing work for more than one year now is around introducing the FUTEX2 system call to better match the behavior of Microsoft Windows’ NT kernel in order to allow for more efficient Proton/Wine usage that powers Steam Play for enjoying Windows games on Linux.

        For all the great changes and new features building up in Linux 5.15, unfortunately, this looks to be another kernel that will lack FUTEX2. The latest revision of the FUTEX2 patches were posted this weekend and now being half-way through the merge window is certainly too late to see it review, additional testing, and submitted in time.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • Get The Weather Forecast From The Command Line

        One thing I LOVE about Linux is that there are so many ways to do things.

        When I used to run a KDE/Plasma desktop, one of my “must-have” widgets was one that displayed the weather forecast on my desktop. When I switched to the Xfce desktop, one of the first panel plugins I installed was the weather plugin for the Xfce panel. It’s still that way today, anytime I install or reinstall Xfce.

        I’m not obsessed with the weather, but I do like to know what’s coming on my next day off, when I’m usually trying to plan something that I’ll be doing with my wife and kids.

        Well, there is a great way to get a weather forecast while you work in a terminal session, too. That means you don’t have to leave your command line environment to check on the weather forecast.

        I don’t even remember how I stumbled across this, because it was in a post on the DietPi forum site, in the tutorial section. I don’t even have a Raspberry Pi, so I don’t tend to visit these types of forums.

      • GIMP Tutorial: Beginners Tips

        I’m always looking for new GIMP tutorials for you! Recently, I’ve been looking on the website called Davies Media Design to see what he’s doing, and found a video tutorial he called “10 Things Beginners Need To Know”. While I did a beginners article way back, GIMP has changed considerably since then, and it was interesting to see his ten things. Most of these things we should already know, but if we have beginners, I’ll summarize his ten.

        1. His first thing was to tell the beginners where to download GIMP: https://www.gimp.org/ but we already knew that. The thing we know that he may not know is that we can get GIMP from our own PCLinuxOS repository. He did emphasize that GIMP is open source and you should never have to pay for it.

        2. The next thing, of course, is how to open an image. In most all programs, it’s nearly always File > Open and lets you navigate to the correct file. Also, as we all know in many programs, there is more than one way to do everything. In GIMP, you can drag the image you’re opening over the top of your toolbox and it will open as well. As you can see below, I’ve dragged an image to the top of the toolbox, and a black outline has appeared. When I let go of the mouse pointer, the image will open in GIMP.

      • Back In Time: Getting Started with Linux’s Time Machine

        During the pandemic, I have become more conscientious about my backup regime on our two desktop PCs; I use the combination of Timeshift (for system files) and Grsync (for documents and personal files). I recently saw in the PCLinuxOS forum that Texstar recommended Back In Time [BiT] as a backup application for your personal files. After a bit of searching, I found that the Timeshift developers also rate BiT as an excellent tool.

        Since I did not have a backup solution in place for our old — but trusty — Dell Latitude E4300 laptop (used as a secondary computer), I installed Back In Time to learn more about it. I hope that my article will help you get started with BiT and encourage you to explore its flexible yet powerful features.

        Back In Time is a mature application, originally released in 2008; it is supported on all major Linux distributions. BiT was written by a team of developers including Dan Oprea, Bart de Koning, Richard Bailey, Taylor Raack and Germar Reitze.1 BiT was inspired by the now discontinued FlyBack project, which was a backup utility modeled loosely on macOS’s Time Machine. BiT is based on the classic rsync CLI utility; it is written in Python and comes with a Qt5 GUI which will run on both KDE and GTK-based desktop environments.

        The beauty of Back In Time is that although it is highly customizable (as we will discuss shortly), it is also suited for people who want a simple program for backing up their data. Configuration can be done entirely via the GUI; only three requirements for BiT must be specified: where to save snapshots; which folders to back up; and when to perform the backup.

      • pwd command in Linux with Useful Examples

        Pwd command is used Linux to print the path of the current working directory, starting from the root (/). In this tutorial, we learn about pwd command with useful examples.

      • How To Turn Off Firewall On Kali Linux?

        Unwanted traffic is blocked by a firewall, while wanted traffic is allowed through it. Hence, the goal of a firewall is to build a security barrier between private networks and the internet. A firewall is the most important component on a network to keep this from happening.

        Internet intruders can acquire our information; therefore, firewalls safeguard our computers from them. It is sometimes misunderstood as being unnecessary for Linux. The Linux operating system has been rigorously designed to provide optimum security. For example, these include numerous levels of authorization to prevent viruses and malicious software from being installed. Unlike Windows, the Linux system has no open ports by configuration, which means that no external devices or programs may access your machine without opening ports. Furthermore, because Linux is the least common operating system, viruses and spyware designed for it are extremely rare. Cyber attackers will find it nearly unprofitable to attack it as a result. Despite this, there are still severe security flaws that might expose your Linux system.

        Furthermore, because most Linux users believe they don’t require additional security, they are more exposed if an assault is conducted. As a result, it makes sense to invest in a trustworthy Linux Firewall that will provide you with the necessary protection. However, there are instances when you are working on an important activity and your Firewall obstructs your progress by preventing genuine efforts to access your system. You may feel compelled to disable your Firewall in such circumstances. As a result, we will learn how to disable the Firewall today.

      • scp using pem file

        I was asked how to transfer files using scp without a password using a pem file for authentication. After reading this tutorial, you’ll know how to generate an SSH key and convert it to a pem file to download or upload files using the scp command.

        If you already have your .pem key, you can jump to the Using scp with pem section.

      • How to start PostgreSQL in Linux?

        Whenever we talk about working with the databases in any operating system, the database management systems (DBMS) are always discussed. PostgreSQL is also a DBMS that falls in the category of relational database management systems, i.e., it deals with the management and working of relational databases. This relational DBMS offers the flexibility of creating and manipulating the databases and installing them on any famous operating system, i.e., Linux, macOS, and Windows. This is exactly why this DBMS is all the more famous across many programmers out there.

        This relational DBMS is free and open-source, contributing more to its wide usage within the different industrial sectors. Moreover, the kind of transactions that this DBMS deals with is ACID, i.e., it can efficiently perform the transactions with ACID properties (atomicity, consistency, isolation, and durability). It means that if you have the data with these properties and want to create a relational database for it, you should definitely consider using the PostgreSQL server.

        Since the launch of this relational DBMS back in 1996, it has undergone several upgrades, which is why its functionality is comparable with any of the latest relational database management systems. Moreover, this DBMS also provides enhancements in the traditional database management systems’ features and perfect compliance with SQL. This relational DBMS supports a wide range of native data types and some user-defined data types. In addition to that, it also handles the different versions of your databases while maintaining their concurrency in an extremely graceful manner.

      • Get Last Modified Date of File in Linux

        This tutorial shows 3 simple ways to get the last modified date of a file in Linux. After reading this tutorial, you’ll know how to check the last modification date of a file using the commands ls, date, and stat.

      • How Do I Use SCP to Transfer a Directory in Linux?

        This tutorial explains how to easily transfer directories using the Linux scp (Secure Copy Protocol) command.

        Despite the Linux scp command being deprecated and replaced by SFTP and RSYNC, its use is widely adopted. Even after being deprecated and replaced, probably SCP is the most common method to transfer files. Yet, its use isn’t professionally recommended. That’s why after the scp instructions to download and upload directories, I added instructions to do the same using the sftp command.

      • How do I Navigate in Linux Terminal?

        The command terminal on Linux is a CLI (Command-Line Interface), where you type the commands that would otherwise take time with the GUI. It is equivalent to the Command Prompt (CMD) provided in Windows. The terminal is the perfect way a user can truly feel that they are communicating with their system. It feels invigorating when you type commands on the terminal, and the computer performs exactly what you instructed it to do. The terminal is also great for people who want to know what exactly is going on deep inside the computer. You can understand the pathways and the steps taken by the computer to perform even the very basic tasks. In the end, it all comes down to preference.

        To truly master the terminal, you first need to learn the basic navigation on it. We will guide you through the commands used to navigate the files and directories present on your Linux system. So, let’s get started.

      • How to Install and Play Roblox Game on Ubuntu

        Roblox is a multiplayer game that was released in 2006. Created by the Roblox Corporation, Roblox allows its users to develop their own games through the platform with the help of its programming language “Lua”. These games can be shared with the whole online community. It’s fun and free to play.

        Although the game has in-app purchases, most of them are cosmetic items and don’t interfere with the gameplay. This means you can enjoy the full Roblox experience without having to worry about any pay-to-win advantages.

        Although it was released back in 2006, it started gaining users continuously from 2015 onwards as it shot to fame. With people forced to stay inside their homes, they have turned their attention to games such as Roblox to keep them entertained.

        Roblox is available for most platforms but not for Linux. There is no need to be disappointed however, as there are ways you can get around this limitation.

        You may experience some jitters as the only way you can make Roblox work on Linux is through Windows compatible software layers such as “Wine” and “Grapejuice”. This article will guide you through the steps you need to follow for playing Roblox on Ubuntu.

      • SCP Remote to Local

        This tutorial explains how to fetch files and directories from a remote host to our local device.

        SCP or Secure Copy Protocol is an SSH-based protocol that allows sharing of files between remote devices. Using SCP, you can send a receive file from and to a local device or between remote devices.

        Currently, SCP is considered outdated, and it has been replaced by SFTP and RSYNC. At the end of the SCP instructions, I added tips to download files from remote hosts using SFTP with a similar syntax as SCP.

      • How to Mount ZFS Filesystems in Different Directories

        Unlike many other filesystems, ZFS mounts the pools and filesystems that you create automatically.

        If you create a ZFS pool pool1, it will automatically mount it in the /pool1 directory of your computer.

        If you create a ZFS filesystem documents on pool pool1, it will automatically mount it in the /pool1/documents directory of your computer.

        In the same way, if you create another ZFS filesystem downloads on pool pool1, it will automatically mount it in the /pool1/downloads directory of your computer. You get the idea.

        In this article, I am going to show you how to mount ZFS pools and filesystems in other directories of your computer. So, let’s get started.

      • How to Use the Gpg Command on Ubuntu

        In Ubuntu, users use the gpg command to keep data safe and protect their privacy. The gpg is an acronym for “GnuPrivacy Guard”. It encrypts your files securely so that only the specified receiver can decrypt those files. GPG is based on the concept of each user having two encryption keys. Each individual can have a pair of public and private keys.

        Utilizing GPG encryption to encrypt your data before its transfer assures that no one without a valid matching key pair can view or read it. You can encrypt a file with your private key and the recipient’s public key to send it securely. Then, the recipient will decrypt the received file using their private key and your public key. This concept demonstrates that public keys must be shared for the successful decryption of any file. Making your public keys just that “public” does not bring any risk to your system. It is obligatory to keep private keys “private”. If your public key is available to the public, your private key must be kept private and secure.

        In this article, we will discuss how to use the gpg command on Ubuntu. So let’s start!

      • 12 SCP Command Examples and How to Use SCP

        This article introduces the SCP (Secure Copy Protocol) command as a secure and efficient way to transfer files across the public internet, providing 12 SCP command examples that you can try yourself on virtually any distribution.

      • How to Get Started with Linux

        Linux is an open-source Unix-based operating system. It was first released by Linus Torvalds, but he wasn’t the only one who contributed to creating Linux. Being open-source, there were thousands of contributors and this led to the development of several distributions based on Linux. These distributions such as Ubuntu, Fedora, Arch Linux are referred to as Linux distros.

        Linux was based on Unix, but it didn’t have the code of Unix – only their architecture was the same. With the emergence of an open-source OS, leading companies and technologies started preferring Linux and it replaced Unix. Today, the popularity of Linux is not the same as that of Windows, but some people and companies prefer using Linux over Windows due to Linux being lightweight, fast, secure, and open-source. The open-source factor is the primary one. Having the ability to create another OS out of it is appealing and the added security of a Linux kernel has boosted its popularity.

        If you are also looking to jump on the bandwagon and try out Linux, this article should help you learn the basics of Linux and how to use it.

      • How to check Java Version on Linux Ubuntu

        Java is a high-level, Object-Oriented programming language developed in 1995 by Sun Microsystems. Over time, Java has grown to become one of the most prominent high-level languages. It is now popular among app developers, financial, scientific, and estate enterprises. It is independent of the platform, open-source, versatile, and easy to learn and use.

        It is practically a Turing-complete language so anything can be done on it. Most of the things one can do in Python can also be done in Java. Jpython is a Python version that runs on Java in the JVM (Java Virtual Machine). In this guide, we will dive into the procedure of looking up the Java version on Ubuntu Linux and install it if it is not already available.

      • How to increase disk space on EC2 instance

        Amazon EC2 is one of the most preferred platforms used to provision web servers due to its flexibility. You can launch a web server with limited resources, and later you can scale your web server’s resources when necessary. This blog explains the procedure of increasing the disk space on an EC2 instance using the following steps.

      • How to transfer files from EC2 instance to local machine

        While managing EC2 instances on AWS, you need to move data from an EC2 instance to the local machine. By default, the AWS EC2 instance requires SSH key authentication to access the instance, so sometimes, it is difficult for beginners to download data from the EC2 instance to the local machine. There are multiple ways to move data from the EC2 instance to the local machine, and this blog describes the following ways.

      • How to transfer files from EC2 to S3

        EC2 (elastic compute cloud) is a scalable compute service provided by AWS. You can use the AWS EC2 service to launch virtual servers on the cloud in seconds or minutes. AWS provides hardware-level selection while initializing an EC2 instance (EC2 virtual machine). You can select hardware architecture, operating system, storage, and different configurations of CPU and memory depending upon your requirements.

        S3 (a simple storage service) is a highly available and scalable storage service provided by AWS. It provides almost infinite storage, but you will only be charged for what you use from this storage. S3 stores your data in multiple places so you do not lose your data in case of disaster. That is why S3 can be used to backup your important data.

        While working on EC2, sometimes you need to store some important data from EC2 instance to S3 regularly, like database backups or some other important data as a backup because EC2 servers may crash on AWS, and you may lose all your data. In this blog, we will discuss how we can move important data from EC2 to S3.

      • kubectl get all resources in namespace

        Kubernetes objects called namespaces divide a single Kubernetes cluster into numerous virtual clusters. Every Kubernetes namespace determines the limits for the Kubernetes Names it includes, which implies that each object in the cluster has a unique identity. For separating and administering Kubernetes clusters, namespaces are fundamental objects. We can use namespaces to logically separate and assign resources to certain individuals, teams, or apps. For applications, individuals, or groups of users, namespaces provide basic components for the resource to use allowance, access control, and segregation. You can boost resource efficiency by using Namespaces because a single cluster can now be used for a diverse collection of workloads.

        When dealing with Kubernetes, you have two options for listing all the resources associated with a certain namespace: use separate kubectl get commands to list each resource one after the other, or use a single command to display all the resources inside a Kubernetes namespace. We will show you several different approaches to list the resources in a Kubernetes namespace in this tutorial.

      • Linux kill signal numbers

        This tutorial explains what Linux kill signals are and how to use them to interrupt, terminate, suspend and continue processes.

      • Create a photo collage from the Linux command line

        ImageMagick is the “Swiss Army knife” of manipulating images on the command line. While you could use a desktop graphics program like GIMP or GLIMPSE to adjust or combine photos and graphics, sometimes it’s just easier to use one of the almost dozen tools from ImageMagick.

      • Using implicit TLS in Postfix

        In order to mitigate the NO STARTTLS vulnerabilities, I recently switched my local SMTP smarthosts from STARTTLS (port 587) to implicit TLS (port 465).

      • How to Install Go (Golang) Compiler on Debian 11

        Go, or Golang, is an open-source programming language that Google created. It’s statically typed and produces compiled machine code binaries. Go language is a compiled language. This is popular amongst developers as it means you do not need to compile the source code to create an executable file. Developers that use Google’s Go language say it is the C for the twenty-first century when it comes to syntax.

      • How to Install Zoom on Debian 11

        Zoom is a communications technology platform that provides videotelephony and real-time online chat services through a cloud-based peer-to-peer software platform and is used for teleconferencing, telecommuting, distance education, and much more.

      • Check a directory of PNG files for errors
    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • KDE’s Telemetry: The Tip Of The Iceberg?

          Recently, there was a debate on the PCLinuxOS forum about KDE Plasma’s implementation of telemetry through KUserFeedback. While in PCLinuxOS, we can remove it without any collateral effects to the system, while other users reported that doing the same in other distros (like Debian 11) results in the complete removal of KDE Plasma! Why force such an implementation, if, as KDE’s developers say, it is just an innocuous, privacy-respecting measure?

          Coincidence or not, in the past years many popular Linux distributions started rolling out optional telemetry. Then it was the time of computer programs: news broke out in May regarding Audacity, a popular audio editing app, which announced it was starting the use of telemetry. The move was finally pushed back after users revolted against it.

          But in Plasma’s case, it is not just an app or a single distro, but an entire desktop environment, employed in several Linux distributions, that is being shipped with telemetry. While many point out that the data collection is by opt-in and entirely anonymous, others have found that, even if you don’t activate telemetry, data is still collected, using computer resources, registering “apps and boot, number of times used and duration in /home/user/telemetry folder.” As such, they argue that, because of the way Linux permissions work, other programs could have access to these log files. KUserFeedback’s FAQs page confirms this:

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • Ole Aamot: GNOME Radio 0.4.0 (NPR) for GNOME 41

          GNOME Radio 0.4.0 for GNOME 41 is available with National Public Radio (NPR) live audio broadcasts.

          GNOME Radio 0.4.0 will be the successor to GNOME Internet Radio Locator built for GNOME 41 with Cairo, Clutter, Champlain, Maps, GStreamer, and GTK+ 4.0.

    • Distributions

      • Say Hello To The Windows 11 Linux Look-Alike

        Zorin OS, a Linux distribution, has created a version for power users and professionals that looks like the upcoming Windows 11. The Win11 “window dressing” is only available to users who use the paid Zorin OS Pro version of the operating system. Its release is expected within the next few months.

        So, users can get the appearance of Windows 11, but the stability and security from running Linux. Zorin OS Pro comes with a full suite of productivity programs, such as GIMP, an Ebook reader, accounting software, 2D and 3D CAD software, a password manager, and much more.

        Purchasers of Zorin OS Pro will also have access to Zorin OS Pro Lite, a special version of the OS that is designed to run fast and stable on older computers. Paid users will also get access to Zorin Installation Support services, as well as helping to support the future of Zorin OS.

      • New Releases

        • MX-21 beta 2 now available for testing purposes

          All releases: updated installer and live system to latest versions. Some translation updates but most are still in progress. The live menus now include special features like rollback options for remasters gone wrong. In addition, we added the mesa vulkan drivers to the default package set. New “mx-comfort” themes are also in use. Better support for some realtek wifi parts. Debian security repo enabled by default.

          Xfce isos: removed gtk3-nocsd as debian’s package produced undesirable default results. the package is still install-able via your favorite package managers. Updated Xfce packages to latest bug fix releases. Added thunar samba shares plugin (accessible via a folder’s properties dialog in thunar). Updated docklike plugin.

          KDE/plasma iso: fix for dolphin file manager crash issues when “Save desktop changes” was utilized during install.

          Fluxbox isos: updates to many of the mxfb-accessories scripts, improved localization, general configuration changes. Captions on by default on desktop, and additional pre-configured panel setups. removed gtk3-nocsd as debian’s package produced undesirable default results. the package is still install-able via your favorite package managers.

        • MX Linux 21 Beta2 Download and test

          MX Linux team released MX Linux 21 Beta2 Download and test, The second beta of the upcoming MX Linux 21 is now ready for testing. This new build of the popular Debian-based distribution is available in Xfce, KDE Plasma and Fluxbox editions: “MX 21 beta 2 is now available for testing. MX 21 is built from Debian ‘Bullseye’ and MX repositories.

        • OpenWrt 21.02 Comes with WPA3 Support Included by Default

          After about one and a half year of development OpenWrt 21.02 has been released with exciting new features.

          OpenWrt is a free, open-source project for creating custom embedded operating systems for routers. It is a complete replacement for the vendor-supplied firmware of a wide range of wireless routers and non-network devices. OpenWrt is based on Linux kernel and it is the oldest open-source router firmware project.

          Yesterday the OpenWrt community announced the first stable release of the OpenWrt 21.02 stable version series. The new release brings Linux kernel 5.4, gcc 8.4, glibc 2.33, and binutils 2.34, among many other updates and improvements.

      • PCLinuxOS/Mageia/Mandriva/OpenMandriva Family

        • franz updated to 5.7.0 » PCLinuxOS

          Franz is a free messaging app / former Emperor of Austria and combines chat & messaging services into one application. Franz currently supports Slack, WhatsApp, WeChat, HipChat, Facebook Messenger, Telegram, Google Hangouts, GroupMe, Skype and many more.

        • pdfarranger updated to 1.7.1 » PCLinuxOS

          PDFArranger is a small python-gtk application, which helps the user to merge or split pdf documents and rotate, crop and rearrange their pages using an interactive and intuitive graphical interface.

        • Want To Get Started In Photography On A Budget?

          In the PCLinuxOS forum, hakerdefo posted a good question to our resident cook, HTML and Ebook creator, webmaster, networking guru, and photographer, The_CrankyZombie. Here it is in its entirety:

          So if someone who is permanently broke (financially) and totally new to photography and wants to buy a camera to learn photography, what would be your recommendation?

          Hakerdefo’s question, coupled with The_CrankyZombie’s reply, gave birth to this article. Anyone who has spent much time in the forum will recognize the hundreds of photos that The_CrankyZombie has posted and shared with the PCLinuxOS forum members.

        • Repo Review: Imagination Slideshow Maker

          Imagination is an easy to use tool designed for use in creating DVD slideshows. It provides a very simple and straightforward way for you to create slideshows of family photos, business presentations, or anything else that might require a slideshow.

          The user interface is quite well laid out and has been designed for speed and ease of use. In the upper right corner of the screen, you’ll find the play button and frame seeker buttons for previewing the slideshow. Down at the bottom of the screen is the timeline, from which you can select slides and then edit their properties on the sidebar to the right. To begin making a slideshow, simply click on the Import pictures button up in the toolbar to start loading your images into Imagination.

        • Screenshot Showcase
        • Welcome From The Chief Editor
      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Contribute at Fedora Linux 35 Audio, i18n, GNOME 41 , and Kernel test days

          Fedora test days are events where anyone can help make sure changes in Fedora Linux work well in an upcoming release. Fedora community members often participate, and the public is welcome at these events. If you’ve never contributed to Fedora Linux before, this is a perfect way to get started.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Best Free and Open Source Software – August 2021 Updates

        The table above shows our articles updated in August 2021.

        For our entire collection, check out the categories below. This is the largest compilation of recommended software. The collection includes hundreds of articles, with comprehensive sections on internet, graphics, games, programming, science, office, utilities, and more. Almost all of the software is free and open source.

      • Dav1d 0.9.2 Released With More SSSE3, SSE4, AVX2, NEON Optimizations

        Released at the start of August was dav1d 0.9.1 for this high performance CPU-based AV1 open-source video decoder while now another point release is available with yet more optimizations.

      • Web Browsers

        • Mozilla

          • TenFourFox Development: TenFourFox FPR32 SPR4 available

            TenFourFox Feature Parity Release 32 Security Parity Release 4 “32.4″ is available for testing (downloads, hashes). There are, as before, no changes to the release notes nor anything notable about the security patches in this release. Assuming no major problems, FPR32.4 will go live Monday evening Pacific time as usual. The final official build FPR32.5 remains scheduled for October 5, so we’ll do a little look at your options should you wish to continue building from source after that point later this month.

      • Programming/Development

        • Python

          • How to Use Nested Functions in Python

            This article will cover a guide on using nested functions in Python. Nested functions or inner functions are defined inside other Python functions. They are useful in certain programming patterns and use cases. Some of them will be explained in this article. All code samples in this article are tested with Python 3.9.5 on Ubuntu 21.04.

          • How to Create Enums in Python

            This article will cover a guide on using “Enum” objects in Python. An enum or an “enumeration” class allows you to create unique constants whose value remains unchanged in Python programs and applications. All code samples in this article are tested with Python 3.9.5 on Ubuntu 21.04.

  • Leftovers

    • Opinion | Restless and Relentless Minds: Thinking as a “Species Out of Context”

      This is an excerpt from the keynote address for the online conference on “Changing Configurations and New Directions” at Ajeenkya DY Patil University in Pune, India, on July 27, 2021.

    • Robert Hunziker
    • Up in Smoke

      The Yarnell flames were so erratic and intense the team became suddenly trapped, and despite each of the men deploying their individual fire shelters, all fighting the flames that day perished. The lone survivor was out fetching a truck for his crew, only to return to the gruesome scene to find his buddies were gone. It was the single deadliest incident for firefighters since the 9/11 attacks on the World Trade Center.

    • Health/Nutrition

      • One of the worst public health dangers of the past century has finally been eradicated

        On Monday, the United Nations announced an environmental and public health milestone: the end of the use of leaded gasoline in automobiles and road vehicles worldwide.

        The last holdout was Algeria, which had large stockpiles of leaded gasoline; in July, those stockpiles ran out, and Algeria has now made the transition to unleaded gasoline.

      • American Medical Association calls for ‘immediate end’ to use of ivermectin for COVID-19

        The AMA, the country’s largest doctors group, is now joining in warning against use of the drug, joining the Food and Drug Administration and the CDC.

      • We’re Begging Students to Save Our Lives

        We are discouraged from “sharing Covid data that is not related to the course.” Presumably, nattering on about the state’s overburdened hospitals, worn-down physicians, and increasing death counts might constitute “pressure,” and faculty “should not pressure students to get vaccinated or wear a mask.” The most we can do is “encourage.” In practice, these guidelines have left faculty proffering details of their personal lives to crowds of unmasked students. We have become beggars and supplicants, hoping for mercy.

        B ut for most of us, it’s not working. Our stories do not yield fully masked classes. In a small classroom stuffed with 40 or 50 students, just a handful will wear a mask. Classes packing in hundreds may have fewer than half masked. Some faculty post online about their successes in getting students to wear masks. I read these posts closely because I want to know if there is some magic key, a particular appeal or strategy that could reliably work. I am a moral philosopher by trade, so I am also natively interested in how to morally motivate people to do what they’d rather not. So far, I have not uncovered any secrets.

      • Gunshot Victims Left Waiting as Horse Dewormer Overdoses Overwhelm Oklahoma Hospitals, Doctor Says

        The rise in people using ivermectin, an anti-parasitic drug usually reserved for deworming horses or livestock, as a treatment or preventative for Covid-19 has emergency rooms “so backed up that gunshot victims were having hard times getting” access to health facilities, an emergency room doctor in Oklahoma said.

      • Everything we know about the mu variant, the latest coronavirus mutation

        The WHO reports that the earliest documented samples of the mu variant came from Colombia in January; the strain now makes up 39 percent of all the cases there. It has also been detected in dozens of other countries, most commonly popping up in the United States, Mexico, Spain and Ecuador. A British risk assessment released last month suggests that the mu variant could be at least as resistant to vaccine-based immunity as the beta strain, although more research needs to be done. The mu variant contains several mutations that have been associated with resistance to immunity, such as E484K and K417N, as well a mutation known as P681H that has been linked to accelerated transmission.

        “This variant has a constellation of mutations that suggests that it would evade certain antibodies, not only monoclonal antibodies, but vaccine- and convalescent serum-induced antibodies,” President Joe Biden’s COVID-19 adviser Dr. Anthony Fauci told reporters on Thursday. “But there isn’t a lot of clinical data to suggest that. It is mostly laboratory in-vitro data.”

      • People who were dumb enough to drink a horse-sized dose of Ivermectin are flocking to the ERs to beg a doctor who went to six years of medical school to save their lives.

        People who were dumb enough to drink a horse-sized dose of Ivermectin are flocking to the ERs to beg a doctor who went to six years of medical school to save their lives.

        This is the cost of having Facebook conspiracy groups and Republican politicians who are allowed to say anything they want.

        Doctors in Oklahoma are having to turn away gunshot victims because anti-maskers and anti-vaxxers who listen to Republican conspiracy theories are flooding the hospitals with COVID and Ivermectin overdoses.

      • I drove 1700 miles for a Blåhaj last weekend and it was worth it

        Our search for blåhaj wasn’t finished yet: there were two options, Winnipeg had nearly 100 in stock, and the Kansas City location had 53. A decision had to be made. We looked at the border crossing requirements for entering Canada and found out that if you present your CDC vaccination card, you could enter Canada without any problems. So, we flipped a coin: do we go six hours north, or six hours south?

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Apple employees demand change in internal company practices in open letter

          Some of the points, particularly those dealing with fair compensation are admittedly a bit vague and unfortunately insurmountably huge to be tackled by a few paragraphs in an open letter anyway. However, most other points seem to all center around an alleged broken and badly set-up internal reporting system at Apple, combined with potential misuse of employee personal data, that harms the sense of safety and trust in the workplace. To quote the letter itself: [...]

        • TalTech issues spam email warning [iophk: Windows TCO]

          Tallinn University of Technology (TalTech) has issue warning after spam emails purporting to be from is rector, Tiit Land, have been found. If opened the emails can activate malware on the recipient’s computer.

        • Security

          • Reproducible Builds: Reproducible Builds in August 2021

            Welcome to the latest report from the Reproducible Builds project. In this post, we round up the important things that happened in the world of reproducible builds in August 2021. As always, if you are interested in contributing to the project, please visit the Contribute page on our website.

          • Understand Cyber Security and Cryptography

            So Cyber Security and Cryptography both are key elements to protect communication over the internet. We are in an era of undercommented and exposed web spread everywhere. Everything shared is visible over the internet if that information is not protected using some sort of method. Cryptography simply hides your information in a secured way and assures a safe transition.

            Also Encryption takes plain text and turns it into ciphertext. You can not read this text if you do not have a key.

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • GoDaddy Gives Texas Right to Life 24 Hours to Find New Host for ‘Whistleblower’ Site

              GoDaddy, the web hosting service, has notified Texas Right to Life that it has 24 hours to find a new hosting service because the organization’s anti-abortion “whistleblower” website violates the company’s terms of service regarding people’s privacy.

              “Last night we informed prolifewhistleblower.com they have violated GoDaddy’s terms of service and have 24 hours to move to a different provider,” GoDaddy told Newsweek in a statement.

              The website, prolifewhistleblower.com, allows people to leave anonymous tips reporting doctors, clinics or other individuals that may have helped women get an abortion after a fetal heartbeat is detected.

            • TikTok Users and Coders Flood Texas Abortion Site With Fake Tips

              The reports, which were obviously bogus, were the work of activists on TikTok, programmers, and Twitter and Reddit users who said they wanted to ensnarl the site’s administrators in fabricated data.

              Their digital dissent was part of a wave of reaction against the Texas law, which bans most abortions after about six weeks of pregnancy and makes the state the most restrictive in the nation in terms of access to abortion services. President Biden said Thursday that the situation “unleashes unconstitutional chaos” against women.

            • China Official Says Intelligent Vehicles Can Pose Security Risks

              China needs to adapt regulatory measures to guard against Internet and data security risks associated with the development of intelligent vehicles, such as the unauthorized collection of personal information, according to an official at the information technology ministry.

            • Surveillance Valley: Book Review

              I started reading Yasha Levine’s book, and right from the introduction, it’s a punch in the gut: Levine takes us to a meeting, which he attended, in 2014, at Oakland City Hall.

              In his words, “Several hundred people packed the Oakland city council chamber. Many of them carried placards. It was an angry crowd, and police officers flanked the sides of the room, ready to push everyone out if things got out of hand.”

              Levine continues: “The commotion was tied to the evening’s main agenda item: the city council was scheduled to vote on an ambitious $11 million project to create a citywide police surveillance center. Its official name was the “Domain Awareness Center” – but everyone called it “the DAC.” The project specifications called for linking real-time video footage from thousands of cameras across the city and would concentrate them all in a unified control center. The police would be able to punch in a location and watch it in real time. They would be able to link facial recognition and vehicle tracking systems, link social media feeds, and enhance their vision with data coming from other law enforcement agencies – both local and federal.”

              Plans for this surveillance center had been brewing for months, and the scandal was now making its presence felt. Residents, religious leaders, labor activists, retired politicians, masked anarchists from the “black bloc” and representatives of the American Civil Liberties Union – all were present, rubbing shoulder to shoulder with a group of dedicated local activists who had banded together to stop the DAC. A nervous, good-natured city official in a tan suit took the podium to assure the boisterous crowd that the Domain Awareness Center was designed to protect them – not spy on them. “This is not a fusion center. We have no agreements with the NSA or the CIA or the FBI to access our databases,” he said.

            • Taking the Metra/South Shore Line train to the Indiana Dunes. The trains are great, the apps are not. Apps suck and T-Mobile makes them suck worse.

              Since when did buying train tickets require apps?


              But then again, it’s also hard to imagine a “free” country where people lost control of their government to big auto and oil companies who waged a mostly successful war against public transit, roasted the planet with cars, got everyone in traffic jams wasting all their money on the cars, gas, insurance, and mechanics bills, after shutting down the inter-urbans.

              Trains are one of the least carbon-intensive methods to travel, but America funds them badly, and it’s such a shame, because with rising gas prices, a new car shortage, and right to repair your car under attack, along with the impending climate crisis, we’ve needed this more than ever before, and we had it and were foolish enough to let them shut most of it down.

              If you’re lucky enough that you can put the numbers into your calculator, trains vs. driving, trains win over long distances every time. Gas aside, you’re beating up your car, in my case I pay per mile for insurance (metromile), you hit regularly scheduled maintenance like oil changes faster, and then there’s traffic jams, car crashes, and police sitting there waiting for a speeder so they can make more money for the government in fines.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • Opinion | Imagine: The US Military as the World’s Good Samaritan

        The massive airlift from the Kabul airport was an impressive demonstration of the American military’s technical and organizational skills. At the height of the operation, 42 large cargo planes departed within every 24 hours, which means one departure every 35 minutes. Considering the considerable time it takes to have 400+ passengers board a C-17 military transport plane and get the plane ready for departure, there must have been several planes in various stages of boarding on the tarmac at all times — and all that with a single runway for landing and departure!

      • The Other Forever War

        In all its hypocrisy and cruelty the drug war drags on because it serves an important repressive function that no state is eager to abandon. If its real, as opposed to its proclaimed purpose is recognized, the drug war “works.”  And that purpose has never been the halting of production, shipment and consumption of drugs. Take a look at the history of drug wars over the past 175 years. These drug wars are either openly avowed or tacit enterprises that expand the drug trade, or they are pretexts for social and political repression.

        To read this article, log in or or Subscribe. In order to read CP+ articles, your web browser must be set to accept cookies.

      • How Cheerleaders of the Forever Wars Got Away With Murder

        Donald Rumsfeld styled himself as the leader of a revolution in military affairs that made the Pentagon ready for quick, punchy interventions. In reality, he was one of the masterminds behind the Global War on Terror—the longest conflict in American history, whose interminable missions are now derided as the forever wars. Although he lived to the ripe age of 88, Rumsfeld didn’t outlast the wars he played so large a role in instigating. Two months before Rumsfeld’s death, Joe Biden announced a drawdown in Afghanistan. But the forever wars aren’t really ending. They’re just being disguised as more politically palatable enterprises, with military contractors taking the role of troops and drone strikes continuing in frontiers like Somalia.

      • Ex-neo-Nazi Christian Picciolini: “The words I used to say are now part of the mainstream”

        In the past few years, Picciolini’s warnings have become increasingly severe. As he and his colleagues at Free Radicals work to preserve the promise of multiracial democracy in the United States, Picciolini worries that the nation’s complacency will soon meet a catastrophic end.

      • The mystery behind the Mike Lindell Foundation’s miraculous funding of the evangelical movement

        Lindell’s claim that his foundation hasn’t done anything for four years has some truth to it. It reported having fewer employees in 2018, just five, and none in 2019. Nevertheless, even in 2019, with zero employees, the Lindell Foundation still reported $60,000 in expenses. And somehow, whether Lindell knew it or not, money kept flowing, miraculously, to evangelical organizations.

        Until its 2021 tax filings are released, we won’t know what the Lindell Foundation spent its money on, if anything, during Lindell’s post-election crusade to restore Trump to the White House. Nonprofit expenditures in political areas can potentially violate the law, but Lindell has frequently blurred the lines between his various endeavors.

    • Environment

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • Republicanism For The Anthropocene

        Naturally, this system isn’t presenting solutions. When necessary, there’s a greenwashing tweak here or there. We’re told we’re all guilty and all doomed. Meanwhile big corporations will keep making a killing, billionaires will look for bolt holes in remote places, and governments will keep lying. Their tax systems tell us where their loyalties lie: they’re billionaire friendly. So, it’s après moi le déluge because, as we say here in Catalonia, they couldn’t give a rabbit’s fart.

      • Opinion | Microchip, Macro Impact, Micro Vision

        Let’s say you’re looking to invest some savings in the expanding micro-chip industry and a friend hands you the 2021 Annual Report of the Delaware (chartered) Corporation, Microchip Technology, a firm based in Chandler, Arizona. You’re a studious type and want to know what the company is producing before deciding if becoming a shareholder-owner is for you.

      • Opinion | Wanted: Another Bob Dole to Save Voting Rights

        Did you know Kansas Republican Senator Bob Dole helped save the Voting Rights Act? It was the 1982 renewal, two years before Dole became Senate Majority Leader, and 14 years before becoming the Republican presidential nominee. Dole had voted for the original 1965 act, which Republican minority Leader Everett Dirksen helped shepherd through. But Dirksen was long gone by 1982, and key Reagan administration officials, including future Justices John Roberts and Clarence Thomas, opposed the bill’s renewal. Just two years earlier, Reagan had criticized the 1965 act as “humiliating to the south.”

      • 9/11 Victims’ Relatives Say Saudi Arabia Complicit in Attacks, Ask for Missing Evidence

        A federal lawsuit filed on behalf of over 3,500 victims’ relatives as well as first responders and survivors is pending in New York that is based on how Saudi Arabia was allegedly involved in the attacks where New York City’s twin towers came down. The victims’ relatives said the FBI’s investigation failed to locate certain evidence such as a photo of a Saudi diplomat alongside two plane hijackers in front of a mosque in southern California.

      • Social media companies can’t ban Texans over political viewpoints under bill headed to governor’s desk

        “At this point, a small handful of social media sites drive the national narrative and have massive influence over the progress and developments of medicine and science, social justice movements, election outcomes and public thought,” Cain said when he initially presented HB 20 on the House floor.

        The platforms would have to publicly disclose their content information and make it easily accessible on their website. They would also have to publish an acceptable use policy and complaint system in a location easily accessible to a user. The complaint system will allow users to raise flags about any illegal content, activity or removed content and would require the companies to keep those on file for future reports.

      • Texas Senate Passes Bill That Would Punish Social Media Companies For Alleged Political Censorship

        The heart of the bill is a section that would allow users banned by social media to sue for reinstatement if banned by a social media site based on political views. If that person can’t find a private attorney, the attorney general may bring a suit on the person’s behalf.

    • Misinformation/Disinformation

      • New study will show misinformation on Facebook gets way more engagement than news

        The study looked at posts from the Facebook pages of more than 2,500 news publishers between August 2020 and January 2021. Researchers found that the pages that post more misinformation regularly got more likes, shares, and comments. This increased engagement was seen across the political spectrum, but the study found that “publishers on the right have a much higher propensity to share misleading information than publishers in other political categories,” according to The Washington Post.

        The researchers will share the study as part of the 2021 Internet Measurement Conference in November. But it could be released prior to that, researcher Laura Edelson tells The Verge.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

    • Monopolies

      • KOL356 | Explain Intellectual Property to Me Like I’m 5, with Caleb Brown

        I was interviewed by Caleb Brown on the topic of IP–explained what it is, its origins, how it’s a type of crony capitalism, and how it emerged historically and acquired the name “intellectual property.”

      • Patents

        • Inequitable Conduct in the FDA/PTO Interplay [Ed: Sometimes the USPTO itself lacks the good faith because it is too focused on money, not science.]

          The Federal Circuit has confirmed that Belcher’s U.S. Patent No. 9,283,197 is unenforceable due to inequitable conduct based upon materials withheld during prosecution. The patent covers l-epinephrine formulations at pH between 2.8 and 3.3 and with certain impurity level limitations. During prosecution, the examiner found a prior art reference with a wider encompasing pH range of 2.2 to 5.0, but the patentee successfully argued that its narrower range was a critical element of the invention and necessary to prevent racemization of the l-epinephrine.

          Prior to the application’s issuance, Belcher’s Chief Science Officer (Rubin) obtained possession and tested samples from two competing products (JHP & Sintetica) and found that they were both within the claimed pH range and within the claimed impurity levels. In addition, Rubin was in possession of a reference (Stepensky) that disclosed an overlapping pH range (3.25 to 3.7). In fact, while the application was pending, Rubin communicated with the FDA regarding these samples. However, none of them were disclosed to the USPTO.

          Patent applicants and their attorneys are bound by a duty of candor and good faith in dealing with the USPTO. As part of this, 37 C.F.R. § 1.56 establishes a duty to disclose information material to patentability. This duty exists as long as the patent application is pending and applies to all “individuals associated with the filing or prosecution of [the] patent application.” The Office has generally tied the duty only to human-persons, and so the duty has not been applied directly to corporate applicants. As here, the focus is typically whether there is an individual person who has a duty and who failed their duty.

        • Chinese, Indian Applicants Go Mad for Innovation Patents as System Gets Set to Close on a (Dubious) High [Ed: There is no such thing as "innovation patent applications" but the attorneys add some additional buzzwords now, maybe in ordere to try to legitimise some of the dubious aspects of the patent system in their country (that even grants patents to bots!)]

          Over 1,000 Australian innovation patent applications were filed in July – an all-time record, ahead of 768 applications in June and 692 in May.


          In any event, it is clear that the vast majority of innovation patent applications are currently being filed by non-resident applicants for reasons that have nothing to do with any genuine desire to obtain or commercialise intellectual property rights in Australia, and few are filed by the Australia small and medium enterprises (SMEs) that the system was intended to benefit. Surging demand for innovation patents in the lead-up to the system being closed to new applications is overwhelmingly being driven by Chinese and Indian applicants, with Australian residents showing relatively little interest in taking advantage of the final opportunity to file new innovation patent applications.

          Of course, genuine users of the patent system – including Australian applicants – are continuing to file standard applications and international (PCT) applications, and these may be converted to innovation patents in the future, or form the basis for divisional innovation patent applications, where the filing date is earlier than 26 August 2021. While these types of applications have been a minority in the past, they will necessarily become the only sources of ‘new’ innovation patents as the system is phased out over the coming eight years.

        • [Repeat] Patents and the energy transition [Ed: Kilburn & Strode LLP helps criminals who have hijacked (to rob) the EPO with white-washing greenwashing PR, as if more monopolies are somehow going to save the planet and criminals are "green"]
        • What Does A Compulsory License Have In Common With A Fig Leaf? [Ed: "Compulsory Licenses" typically refer to patents that ought not exist (at all) in the first place]

          The pharmaceutical industry has extremely quickly responded to the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic. Within a year, several research centres have developed vaccines that have given hope to billions of people that their health and even their lives can be saved. Yet access to vaccination is limited and the poorer the country, the less likely it is that its citizens will soon receive the necessary protection. Could resorting to the principles of a compulsory license be a remedy to cure all coronavirus ills?

          The outlook sounds exciting, but first a handful of facts. A patent, which is an exclusive right granted for inventions, is absolute. This means that only the patent holder can dispose of their right and derive an economic benefit from it. National legal regulations provide, however, for the institution of a compulsory licence, which is an exception to the above rule. In certain strictly defined situations, such as the need to protect human life and health, it is possible to grant a right to use a patented invention even without the consent of the patent holder.

        • The WDNA ETF: Investing in Healthcare Innovation [Ed: This article is amplifying self-serving propaganda from the gangsters who hijacked and now rob the EPO until it’s dead (because of them)]

          “Medical technology is characterised by constant innovation. In 2019, nearly 14 000 patent applications were filed with the European Patent Office (EPO) in the field of medical technology, more than in any other technical field. In Europe, there are more than 32 000 medical technology companies, employing some 730 000 people,” adds BNP Paribas.

        • Clinical Trial Roulette: patenting pharmaceuticals in Australia is now a game of chance [Ed: This is the laughable patent system that literally grants patents of monopolies to bots]

          While the case of Mylan Health Pty Ltd v Sun Pharma ANZ Pty Ltd1 (‘Mylan v Sun Pharma’) was decided a little over a year ago, some of the repercussions of the decision are only starting to become apparent. We have become aware of Examiners raising objections, based on Mylan v Sun Pharma, that entries in websites reporting clinical trial activity are novelty destroying. Of most concern is the situation where the patent applicant’s proposal for clinical trials is cited against their own patent application. This means that inventors of pharmaceutical products and methods must very carefully consider and balance the need to publish details of their own research proposal, which often must be made public for reasons discussed in this article, with the ability to validly seek patent applications in Australia and internationally. For inventors that cannot file for patent protection prior to commencing clinical trials, this results in a game of chance, where they gamble on whether an Examiner will find the publication of their clinical trial protocol and consider it to be relevant during examination.

        • Court clarifies law on pharma patent claims [Ed: This article makes the mistake or the lie that patents are "rights", but then again it's just a propaganda mill of a British law firm that profits from litigation and monopoly protectionism]

          Pharmaceutical manufacturers that claim patent rights over multiple compounds on the basis of a general formula will welcome a new ruling by the Court of Appeal in London, experts in patent litigation have said.

        • ToolGen Files Opposition to CVC Substantive Preliminary Motion No. 3 to Add Claims in ToolGen Patent [Ed: The patent profiteer (litigation over who 'owns' life) Kevin E. Noonan should really add conflict of interest disclosure to these posts; Kevin E. Noonan wants us to think it is "normal" to have life and nature patents because he sits on patents without actually doing any invention]
        • ToolGen Files Opposition to CVC Contingent Responsive Preliminary Motion No. 1

          On June 11th, Junior Party the University of California, Berkeley; the University of Vienna; and Emmanuelle Charpentier (collectively, “CVC”) filed its Responsive Preliminary Motion No. 1 in Interference No. 106,127 to be accorded benfit of priority to U.S. Patent Application No. 13/842,859, filed March 15, 2013, or in the alternative U.S. Patent Application No. 14/685,504, filed April 7, 2015, or U.S. Patent Application No. 15/138,604, filed April 26, 2016, pursuant to 37 C.F.R. §§ 41.121(a)(2) and 41.208(a)(3) and Standing Order ¶ 208.4.1. CVC filed this motion contingent on the Board granting Senior Party ToolGen’s Substantive Preliminary Motion No. 2 to deny CVC priority benefit to U.S. Provisional Application No. 16/757,640, filed January 28, 2013 (“P3″).

        • AI Patenting [Ed: Any other decision would mean that the patent system is no longer legitimate and is basically a laughing stock for the litigation 'industry' to leverage as a racket (something to which patent trolling contributes to regardless)]

          E.D. Va. Judge Brinkema sides with USPTO — holding that the Patent Act’s use of the term “individual” is limited to a human person — and thus that only humans can be inventors.

        • Opinion | What’s Better, a Prize or a Patent? – The New York Times

          Extavour doesn’t dismiss the value of patents. “Most of the competitors tend to be I.P. holders of some type,” he told me in an interview, using the abbreviation for intellectual property. Inventors don’t have to surrender or license their patents to enter.

          But he says patents aren’t strong inducements if there’s no commercial marketplace for the product or service. There’s not a lot of money to be made today from removing carbon from the atmosphere because the price of emitting carbon is low to zero. Extavour compares it to garbage removal. No family would pay to have its garbage removed if it could dump it on the neighbor’s lawn at no cost.

          That’s actually a point of partial agreement between the two. Both Khan and Extavour favor carbon taxes or a cap-and-trade system, as in the European Union’s emissions trading system.

        • The UK and the Trans-Pacific Partnership – Could patent conflicts ruin the deal? [Ed: EPC has been virtually abolished]

          Although there is a six-month grace period regarding an unlawful or breach of confidence disclosures and disclosures at international exhibitions, there is no general 12-month grace period under the European Patent Convention (EPC), or by implementation of the EPC in the UK Patents Act 1977. The UKIPO has already made it clear that it is aware of its obligations under the EPC, and so it is not entitled to adopt the 12-month grace period.

        • XORTX Announces Grant of European Patent Patent Supporting Diabetic Nephropathy – XRx-225 [Ed: Is XORTX aware that EPO grants loads of fake patents?]

          XORTX Therapeutics Inc. (“XORTX” or the “Company”) (CSE: XRX) (OTCQB: XRTXF), a biotechnology company focused on developing therapeutics for the treatment of progressive kidney disease, is pleased to advise that further to its press release of April 6, 2021 that announced the intention of grant, the Company has now received receipt of the patent grant “EPO National Stage of PCT International Application for Compositions and Methods for Treatment and Prevention of Hyperuricemia Related Health Consequences” by the European Patent Office. The patent covers compositions and methods for the prevention and treatment of diabetic nephropathy (DN) using uric acid lowering agent and specifically xanthine oxidase inhibitors. Aberrant purine metabolism and specifically, chronically increased serum uric acid concentrations have been associated with kidney disease progression.

        • IP considerations for innovators of new materials

          Clear definitions of parameters and comprehensive explanation of measurement methods will make the obtaining of patent protection much easier, particularly at the European Patent Office.

        • Are parties still impaired from attending in-person proceedings? G1/21 (ViCo) applied by the Boards of Appeal (T 1197/18)

          The decision of the Enlarged Board of Appeal (EBA) in G1/21 was perhaps the “non-event” of the patent year. Despite clear and considerable interest in the EBA’s view of mandatory ViCo oral proceedings as the new norm, the EBA chose to only answer the narrow question of the legality of ViCo oral proceedings during the disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. As one commentator analogised, if you ask the EBA for a drink, the EBA will respond that they don’t have any single malt whisky…As of yet, we also do not have the benefit of the EBA’s written decision and reasoning in G1/21, but must rely on the EPO’s summary. In the meantime, the precise meaning and scope of the EBA’s order in G1/21 is already being contested by parties before the Boards of Appeal, most notably in the recent decision T 1197/18.


          Interestingly, the Opponent who requested the original referral to the EBA in G1/21 did not interpret the decision as applying to their case. A request for oral proceedings to be held in-person was filed by the Opponent shortly after the EBA order was announced. The request noted that “the parties are not impaired to attend in-person oral proceedings”, and cited the decision that quarantine was no longer compulsory for people entering the country from the Schengen area. As such, the Opponent argued, the Swiss patentee would be able to attend. Notably, the patentee’s representatives are based in the UK, albeit at a firm with a Munich office, but are yet to comment on the Opponent’s latest request for in-person proceedings.

          In a separate case, the Board of Appeal in T 1197/18 considered whether the order of the EBA could still be said to actually apply, now that the most stringent of the travel restrictions in Europe have been lifted. Oral proceedings in T 1197/18 by ViCo were held in July 2021, without the consent of the Opponent. The Board considered the Opponents request that the proceedings should be postponed until they could be held in-person.

          The Opponent in T 1197/18 argued that the proceedings should be conducted in-person because the conditions specified by the EBA in G1/21 did not apply. The Opponent particular argued that, although there was still a general state of emergency in the form of the COVID-19 pandemic, this was not necessarily a “general state of emergency impairing the parties’ possibilities to attend in-person oral proceedings at the EPO premises”, as specified by the EBA order. The Opponent argued that it was clear from the wording of the EBA order that the decision was only intended to apply in situations where travel to the EPO was practically impossible or subject to quarantine.

          The Patentee had previously responded that they were impaired from travelling from Paris to Munich, noting the large number of flight cancellations and the uncertainty surrounding a surge in cases of the delta variant of COVID-19 in France and Germany. In response the Opponent noted that during the actual week of the hearing, flights between Munich and Paris had been available. The Opponent also noted that the Patentee’s representative had, in fact, attended the EPO premises for a different case only a few days before for the ViCo hearing for T 1197/18.

          However, the Board of Appeal in the case (3.2.05) did not agree with the Opponent’s narrow interpretation of the EBA order in G/21 of what constituted “a state of general emergency impairing the parties’ possibilities to attend in-person oral proceedings at the EPO premises”. The Board found that “impaired” did not require in-person attendance to be impossible, merely that a party’s ability to attend was “compromised”. As such, the Board found that the Opponent’s argument, that there had been flights the patentee could have taken, to be irrelevant (r. 1.2). What mattered was that the Patentee had faced difficulties in attending and that the Opponent had failed to show that these difficulties were not real.

        • The EU’s Unified Patent Court inches towards reality (but don’t hold your breath) [Ed: No, UPCA is untenable and those who claim otherwise lie to you; in this case, a criminal firm (corruption conviction recently) lies to you, for profit… also, there was no actual ratification. Maybe the strategy of Team UPC is to seed patently false reports about German ratification, then link to them as “proof” (lie) to kick-start some momentum, based on the lie planted by criminal firms such as Marks & Clerk.]

          Germany has finally ratified the Unified Patent Court Agreement, its Constitutional Court having rejected two applications for a preliminary injunction to prevent ratification. This removes a significant hurdle to the commencement of the Unified Patent Court (UPC) system but that is not to say that it will start any time soon. The UPC preparatory committee, which consists of representatives the countries which signed the UPC Agreement back in 2013, estimates that the UPC will start operating in mid-2022. It is certainly unlikely that the UPC will start its operations before then but it may well be later, perhaps much later, as there remain some practical and legal hurdles to overcome.

        • Getting ready for the UPC: expected start mid-2022 [Ed: This is a classic example of fake news from patent liars/lawyers who pay to spread it; the dissemination of fake news was coordinated and intentional]

          In a recent announcement, the Preparatory Committee for the Unified Patent Court set out an expected timeline for the start of the Unified Patent Court (UPC), which is expected to be mid-2022. The first step will be Germany’s ratification of the Protocol on the Provisional Application of the UPC Agreement (PAP – protocol). Since the German federal president has signed the ratification bill which was promulgated on 12 August 2021, the final step required for the UPC to come into existence is for two other member states to ratify the PAP-protocol and then for Germany to deposit its instrument of ratification. The PAP is the final phase of the UPC and once it enters into force, other practical aspects such as budget and IT systems will need to be completed. This is all part of the preparatory work, which once considered to be in a fit state, will allow the UPC to start.

        • China patent linkage receives poor early reviews [Ed: Managing 'IP' as propaganda outlet for AstraZeneca and other pharma monopolies (and nobody else exists in this world)]

          Counsel from AstraZeneca and other pharma sources say uncertainties loom around how China’s three-month-old patent linkage system will work

        • Marking & Back Damages

          Lubby’s US9750284 covers a vape-pen (“personal vaporizer”). Lubby sued Henry Chung for patent infringement and won at trial with a jury verdict of almost $1 million. On appeal though the Federal Circuit has reversed-in-part — holding that the pre-suit damages were not available under 35 U.S.C. § 287.

          In general, the patent laws bar a remedy for any infringement that occurred more than six years prior to the filing of the lawsuit. “[N]o recovery shall be had for any infringement committed more than six years prior to the filing of the complaint or counterclaim for infringement in the action.” 35 U.S.C. § 286. Back damages are further limited in by the patent marking statute of Section 287. That provision calls for a patentee to to mark any “patented article” that it sells or licenses-for-sale with the patent number. If the patentee sells/licenses-to-sell a product covered by the patent without so marking, then back damages can only be recovered for infringement after the infringer is “notified of the infringement and continues to infringe thereafter.” Id.; See also 35 U.S.C. § 287(a) (“Filing of an action for infringement shall constitute . . . notice.”).

        • PTAB reversals at Federal Circuit: how counsel snag rare wins [Ed: Trying to 'scandalise' invalidation of fake patents that PTAB typically revokes upon request]

          Lawyers at five firms say having themes and arguing claim constructions can help convince the US court to overturn board edicts

      • Trademarks

        • A table and a table coaster that shaped EU design law

          Under EU design law, the ‘informed user’ is the standard on the basis of which it examines both the validity and the infringement of a design. Under art. 10 of Design Regulation 6/2002, the scope of the protection conferred by a Community design shall extend to ‘any design which does not produce on the informed user a different overall impression’. Regulation 6/2002 does not define, however, what an ‘informed user’ is.

          It was, therefore, probably only a matter of time until construction of this term would reach the CJEU. In paras. 53 to 59 of PepsiCO, the CJEU provided an extensive definition of ‘informed user’.


          Here, the German court first introduced what has become a basic concept of EU design law: the informed user is placed between the average consumer from trade mark law and the person skilled in the art from patent law. This approach was later set in stone in para. 53 of the PepsiCo ruling. However, some other aspects from German design law jurisprudence (such as the informed user’s presumed style and taste) were not adopted by EU judiciary. Coming back to the German national case, the court concluded that the defendant’s coaster infringed the plaintiff’s rights. This ruling was later confirmed by the German Federal Court of Justice in I ZR 71/08.

      • Copyrights

        • “Whistle While You Work”: Syncing beyond the copyright system

          Synchronizing music with visual media output, such as films, television shows, advertisements, video games, accompanying websites and movies, is widespread.


          These words kept recurring to this Kat as he found himself increasingly occupied with home-cleaning chores during the pandemic. And with it, this Kat began to ponder: what music would make the best companion for mopping the floor? “Whistling” may have been good enough for Snow White and her friends, but not for this Kat. Active search, and trial and error, of appropriate music, ensued. While still (probably, always) a work in progress, here are this Kat’s current two favorites for the perfect music.

          1. Boléro – Music set for dance should be the most fertile of all sources since it is all about putting music and movement into sync with each other. And no piece of music does this better than Boléro, composed by Maurice Ravel in 1928 on commission from the Russian ballerina, Ida Rubinstein. Boléro gives full expression to Ravel’s preoccupation with the styling of dance movements.

          When it is brought to bear on the pail, mop, and broom, what this Kat likes so much is the simple, yet hypnotic (even slightly edgy) melody, progressively performed by the orchestra’s various instrumental sections. One finds himself literally brandishing the mop in sync with the melody.

        • Italian Police Report 240 Pirate IPTV Users For Prosecution

          Guardia di Finanza, the Italian police unit tasked with financial crimes, says it has reported 240 subscribers of pirate IPTV services to the prosecutor’s office for further action. According to GdF, the suspects – most of which live in a single region of Italy – were identified after the authorities targeted a reseller of unlicensed streaming packages.

        • Iconic “Piracy Is a Crime” Domain Now Redirects to IT-Crowd Parody

          The movie industry’s “Piracy it’s a crime” video is, without doubt, the most iconic anti-piracy PSA ever made. The video became the inspiration for countless memes and satire. The once-official piracyisacrime.com campaign site shut down years ago but, this week, the domain started linking to the IT Crowd parody.

The State of Free Software

Posted in Free/Libre Software, FSF, Microsoft at 9:38 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Third “E” in full swing yet?

Interesting, so Microsoft is integrating VSCode into GitHub. Press dot (.) on any GitHub repo while signed in to see. PS. Seems to have issues with service workers on Firefox

Summary: Microsoft is trying to leverage GitHub to plug developers — in a sort of a ‘shotgun wedding’ — into its proprietary toolsets that spy on both developers and users; the FSF needs to become vocal about it (recently it offered money for essays on such threats)

STATE it upfront: Free software does not have a state. It does not have a country or “territory” as such. It’s not controlled by one single company; if you think that it is, then it’s likely not Free software but just openwashing. Check carefully because “code available” isn’t the same as freedom, no matter whose licence. With regards to its state as in status quo, at the moment it is under a vicious attack by Microsoft, notably through GitHub. What else do you think Microsoft paid for (to only operate at a loss)? Microsoft is still submitting petitions under the name “GitHub”, intervening in court cases over software copyrights and APIs; moreover, Microsoft is trying to kill the GPL (or copyright-based copyleft) by making enforcement very hard (or pushing lots of people to violate copyright law inside code, then use “HEY HI” as an excuse… yes, that's what GitHub Copilot is for!).

We urge readers to politely caution all who still host code (or participate in GitHub in any way) to refrain from it. Moreover, GitHub is not a Web site hosting platform (someone needs to explain that to Libera)… nor a blogging platform; those who treat it as such say a lot about themselves. They’re OK with proprietary software and Microsoft (where no such need ever arose; Free software does this job vastly better at no cost). Any momentum given to that Microsoft-owned platform is more surveillance (business intelligence) for Microsoft and more fire power to be harnessed by those who attack our movement. The anti-FSF petition was set up on there, the people who signed it had accounts there (Libera hosts both its site and code there), and it is generally getting worse and worse over time. It’s a surveillance and censorship platform designed to steer developers away from freedom (autonomy/self governance) and towards more proprietary software, more Microsoft control, and more surveillance both for users and for developers. They already control far too much of our communications — something that should never have happened.

If there’s one very big threat to Free software, it’s GitHub. Delete Github.

The Government of Germany Needs to Quit Supporting Fraud

Posted in Europe, Fraud, Patents at 3:49 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Theranos and EPO
EPO was so proud of Theranos…

Summary: Theranos/Elizabeth Holmes should be another reminder that an out-of-control and off-the-hook EPO enables multi-billion-dollar frauds that cause countless deaths and stain/tarnish the image of Europe

WHEN it comes to fighting for justice at the EPO, the Government of Germany isn’t an ally but an obstacle. The same can be said about EU authorities, unlike some Bavarian politicians whom we named here before.

“Remember that some Theranos patents have already been weaponised against European scientists trying to tackle COVID-19.”The Government of Germany must realise that the EPO gradually becomes a liability to the country’s image worldwide. Its push for the UPC, even at the ministry of injustice (adding insult to injury), was never helpful; as if laws and constitutions — set aside the interests of ordinary German citizens — do not matter. We’ve already been "taking stock" of Germany's role in enabling EPO abuses and “Germany is protecting EPO,” one reader told us on Friday, actually quoting a high-profile person. We’re working on getting a video of that.

“Germany is protecting EPO” is a “statement from David Martin in his recent speeches about COVID patents,” a reader recalls. “I could try to find back his statement in a video.”

That would be very useful and also interesting to EPO insiders. We’ll try to get that as a video (in open/free format). Remember that some Theranos patents have already been weaponised against European scientists trying to tackle COVID-19.

“What will it take for the Government of Germany to finally cross the threshold where EPO crackdowns are seen as more beneficial than cover-up?”“In case you missed it,” EPO insiders have told us, “Theranos fraud trial has started in the US,” and media coverage can be found here and here (Bezos Post). An ordinary observer would not be aware of the EPO’s role in all this. “As someone asked back in 2018,” the insiders stress, “what was the role of the patent offices in all of this?” (quoting this)

We wrote a lot about this issue back then (well ahead of the trial). “Here is some paid advertising from the EPO on CNN (from 2015),” insiders remind us. So EPO budget was used to promote or legitimise an elaborate fraud.

What will it take for the Government of Germany to finally cross the threshold where EPO crackdowns are seen as more beneficial than cover-up?

The Younger Face of the Estonian Patent Office

Posted in Europe, Patents at 3:30 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link | md5sum 4a5d029749599de2dec50a838dbdde79

Summary: Video about part 14 and additional thoughts about the Estonian Patent Office with its current chief, about 40 years younger than his predecessor

THE current delegate from Estonia (voting in the Administrative Council of the EPO) is — as is typically the case — also the head of the national patent office (NPO). He met Benoît Battistelli half a decade ago and he is still voting on proposals from António Campinos, who is stubbornly pushing European software patents and implementing cuts that make the Office less competitive.

“We need patent law that serves scientists and works best for ordinary people. Patent maximalists do not want that because the lion’s share of their income comes from monopolists, not ordinary people.”The video above discusses the sad reality of some patent offices actively working against the interest of the people whom they claim to represent. Even in the purely corporate realm, those same offices often serve the interests — or prioritise the goals — of foreign corporations. They’re in that sense international agencies (or some might say “globalist” but it’s a loaded term).

We need patent law that serves scientists and works best for ordinary people. Patent maximalists do not want that because the lion’s share of their income comes from monopolists, not ordinary people.

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