11.26.21

38+ Years of GNU and 19+ Years of FSF Associate Membership

Posted in Free/Libre Software, FSF, GNU/Linux, Videos at 7:58 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Software System Award to Richard Stallman

Video download link

Summary: “On November 25, 2002,” Wikipedia notes, “the FSF launched the FSF Associate Membership program for individuals.” As the above video points out, it all started almost 40 years ago.

Gemini as a Platform for Gamers

Posted in Free/Libre Software at 6:32 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link | md5sum 3ad242d08f8e7076cd393246a6bb369c

Summary: Contrary to what people often assume (or are led to assume), even without client-side scripting Gemini can accomplish a great deal; early adopters, many of whom are technical, test the limits of the very minimalistic (by design and intention) specification

THE mailing lists of Gemini point out some new games for Gemini Protocol; not all Gemini clients (“browsers”) support these at the moment, not even an older version of Lagrange and the widely-used Amfora (presented on the right hand side at the start of the video above), but this comes to show how creative spirits and server-side programming can accomplish a great deal. One can, in theory, do banking in Gemini (certificates make sessions, which are are no less secure than on the Web); many flight booking agencies used or still use ‘lesser’ UIs to do their job (like entering input, in a specialised querying language, for the server to interpret and return results).

“The media will almost never mention Gemini, but that intentional snubbing — due to a lack of financial incentive, e.g. spies and advertisers — does not prevent Gemini’s growth.”The above video shows SpellBinding, which is new, and then Wordtunneler. There are even online 'chat clients' for Gemini. Don’t discount it as primitive and useless; it’s actually vastly superior/cleaner than other hypertext protocols/spaces when it comes to signal/noise ratio because the Web became a spamfarm. That’s just the direction the Web has taken and will continue to take.

The media will almost never mention Gemini, but that intentional snubbing — due to a lack of financial incentive, e.g. spies and advertisers — does not prevent Gemini’s growth. Earlier this week we reached 1,827 known (to Lupa) capsules in total. Just a couple of days after reaching 1,807. 2,000 by year’s end isn’t insurmountable.

Gemini: Ready for Prime time

Improved Workflows: Achievement Unlocked

Posted in Site News at 5:49 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link | md5sum 70ae383a1ba706ca4e653b121c9f7f75

Summary: Today we’ve completed a bunch of small projects that can make us more efficient (e.g. more Daily Links per day, more articles); the above video was recorded many hours ago to accompany the outline below

THE past few days were spent coding a bunch of improvements to site operations, which mostly involve assessing, curating, and sharing news. In the process we occasionally identify areas that merit more coverage if not rebuttal. We’re unable to cover everything all the time, partly because we’re not experts in every domain and partly because our time and resources are very limited. We’re not sponsored by oligarchs and corporations; in over 15 years we’ve not sold out or compromised our journalistic independence.

Typing: Techrights loves weekendsAll the latest changes (code) can be found in Git and corresponding internal communication can be found in IRC logs.

These past few days were fully utilised to carry out maintenance/system updates, housekeeping chores, and of course coding some stuff that was well overdue; we can only ever compete (the battle over narrative/information) with the “Big Sites” if we’re very efficient and are capable of publishing very rapidly (lately we’ve been posting Daily links thrice a day).

This coming weekend we’ll try to relax a bit (news cycles will be dry anyway) and on Monday we’ll publish Microsoft GitHub Exposé — Part VIII, focusing on Mr. Graveley’s notorious Tomboy project; of course he proceeded from attacking GNU/Linux with Mono to working directly for Microsoft, spearheading the attack on copyleft/GPL. Incidentally, the same people who mobbed Richard Stallman earlier this year are coming to realise, as per today’s press statement, that Microsoft is pure evil and Microsoft cannot be redeemed. Yes, even people in the OSI’s Board can see it; will they can Microsoft employee who have entered the Board? Because some have indeed resumed the entryism.

Links 26/11/2021: New Complaint About Microsoft Competition Crimes in Europe, EuroLinux 8.5, GhostBSD 21.11.24, and Kiwi TCMS 10.5 Released

Posted in News Roundup at 5:21 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • Tuxedo releases the Tiger Lake-H-powered InfinityBook S17 – Gen6, its smallest 17-inch Linux laptop yet – NotebookCheck.net News

        Tuxedo is launching the InfinityBook S17 – Gen6 thin and light Linux laptops with Intel Tiger Lake-H processors. Even though these new models are touted as desktop replacement devices, they do not feature a discrete GPU. Nevertheless, users can benefit from the included Thunderbolt 4 connector that enables the use of external GPUs.

        The InfinityBook S17 – Gen6 features a 17.3-inch Full-HD IPS display with thin screen bezels all around, so the screen-to-body factor almost matches that of a 15.6-inch model. Thus, its dimensions are quite compact at 395 x 250.7 x 19.8 mm, making it the smallest 17-incher in the Tuxedo portfolio, and it only weighs 2.25 kg (4.96 lbs).

        Despite its lightness, the InfinityBook S17 – Gen6 still packs enough power to match your average desktop. Processor options include the Intel Core i5-11300H with Iris Xe G7 80 EUs iGPU and the Core i7-11370H with Iris Xe G7 96 EUs iGPU, which can be coupled with up to 64 GB of DDR4-3200 RAM and up to 4 TB of NVMe SSD storage through a PCIe 4.0 x4 + PCIe 3.0 x4 M.2 2280 slot combo. Port selection comes with a Thunderbolt 4 connector with DP and power delivery capabilities, USB-C 3.2 Gen2x2, USB-A 3.2 Gen2, USB 2.0, HDMI 1.4b video output, 2-in-1 audio and GbE jacks, plus a handy microSD card reader.

        Other notable features include an ergonomic and cooling-optimized Lift-Up hinge, a large 73 Wh battery that can last up to 6-7 hours in practical office workloads, a FlexiCharger BIOS option that can limit the battery charging to increase lifespan, Wi-Fi 6 + Bluetooth 5.2 + GbE NIC, HD webcam with Windows Hello support, and TPM 2.0 security.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • Linux 5.10.82
      • Linux 5.4.162
      • Linux 4.19.218
      • Linux 4.14.256
      • Linux 4.9.291
      • Linux 4.4.293
      • Intel Compute-Runtime Updated With DG2/Alchemist Support – Phoronix

        Intel’s open-source engineers today released the Compute-Runtime 21.47.21710 as their latest update to this open-source compute stack for Linux systems enabling their graphics processors to enjoy performant OpenCL and oneAPI Level Zero support.

        Notable with today’s Compute Runtime update is that v21.47.21710 is the first having DG2 “Alchemist” graphics card support in place. This goes along with other DG2/Alchemist enablement going on in the Linux kernel and Mesa, etc. When pairing the latest kernel now with Intel Compute-Runtime should yield preliminary support for OpenCL and oneAPI L0 on Alchemist but expect more refinements and optimizations to come over the months ahead.

      • Several Older NVIDIA Tegra Powered Tablets To Be Supported By Linux 5.17 – Phoronix

        For those that happen to have older ASUS Transformer tablets powered by a NVIDIA Tegra SoC, the Linux 5.17 kernel cycle early next year is enabling a number of them to work off the mainline kernel.

        A batch of patches were sent out this week intended for the Linux 5.17 cycle for improving the older NVIDIA Tegra support with the mainline kernel.

      • Graphics Stack

        • Venus on QEMU: Enabling the new virtual Vulkan driver

          With virtualization we can create multiple virtual machines over a single physical computer. The benefits of virtualization are countless, from being able to create virtual representation of different machines, to efficiently use the currently available hardware. Clearly a virtual machine, like any real computer, needs an operating system (OS). In this context it is called a Guest OS, as opposed to the one running on real hardware, called Host OS.

          Running graphics applications in a Guest OS can be annoying as they are generally greedy of computing resources, and that can slow you down or give you a bad experience in terms of graphics performance. Being able to accelerate all this by offloading the workload to the hardware can be a great deal. The VirtIO-GPU virtual GPU device comes into play here, allowing a Guest OS to send graphics commands to it through OpenGL or Vulkan. While we are already there with OpenGL, we can not say the same for Vulkan. Well, until now.

        • Getting Experimental Vulkan Within QEMU VMs Using Linux 5.16+ Paired With Mesa’s Venus – Phoronix

          When running on the very latest Linux 5.16 Git kernel paired with recent Mesa and various experimental components to the virtualization stack, it is possible getting at least basic Vulkan acceleration working within QEMU guest virtual machines that in turn is accelerated by the host.

          Getting experimental Vulkan API support working within guest virtual machines on QEMU currently requires a number of steps, including the use of yet-to-be-upstreamed code in some areas.

    • Applications

      • The rocky road to better Linux software installation • The Register

        Linux cross-platform packaging format Flatpak has come under the spotlight this week, with the “fundamental problems inherent in [its] design” criticised in a withering post by Canadian software dev Nicholas Fraser.

        Fraser wrote in a blog published on 23 November that “these are not the future of desktop Linux apps,” citing a litany of technical, security and usability problems. His assertions about disk usage and sharing of runtimes between apps were hotly disputed by Will Thompson, director of OS at Endless OS Foundation a day later in a post titled: “On Flatpak disk usage and deduplication,” but there is no denying it is horribly inefficient.

        Most people don’t care about that any more, one could argue. But they should.

        The Linux world has been trying to invent a cross-platform packaging format for years, but leading contenders – the older, vendor-neutral older, AppImage format as well as Ubuntu’s Snap and Fedora’s Flatpak – all have serious issues.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to install Hugin panoramic image editor on Linux

        Hugin is an open-source image editing tool for Linux, Mac OS, Windows, and BSD. It allows users to stitch photographs together and create panoramas digitally. In this guide, we’ll show you how to install Hugin on Linux.

      • How to play Total War: WARHAMMER II on Linux

        Total War: WARHAMMER II is the sequel to Total War: WARHAMMER. It is a turn-based real-time tactics video game developed by Creative Assembly and published by Sega. Here’s how you can play the game on your Linux system.

      • How to Use the Linux Screen Command

        In Linux, you often need to run lengthy processes to execute in the background and independently (such as ping commands to a server for an extended period of time) .

      • How to install VRoid Studio 1.0 on a Chromebook

        Today we are looking at how to install VRoid Studio 1.0 on a Chromebook. Please follow the video/audio guide as a tutorial where we explain the process step by step and use the commands below.

      • How to Run Multiple Commands in Linux at Once

        The Linux terminal is a powerful tool that allows you to perform a wide range of operations using commands. These commands enable you to accomplish a variety of computing tasks, including file manipulation, program management, and service automation.

        Ideally, when you need to run a bunch of terminal commands, you do it one-by-one. However, it turns out that there’s a better way to do this, and it involves running multiple commands at once.

        Follow along as we demonstrate the different ways to run multiple terminal commands in Linux.

      • Easily Install and Setup PowerDNS on Debian 11/Debian 10 – kifarunix.com

        This tutorial is about how to easily install and setup PowerDNS on Debian 11/Debian 10. PowerDNS “is a premier supplier of open source DNS software, services and support“. It provides both the Authoritative Server and the Recursor DNS products.

      • How to Set the Date and Time on Linux

        Keeping software on your device up to date is an important part of having a robust and secure system, but even more important is having an up-to-date time and date.

        Accurate time and date on a system not only tells you the correct time but also allows you to execute automated tasks as expected and connect to services over the internet seamlessly.

        This guide will show you how to review, adjust, and configure the time and date on Linux from the command line using the timedatectl command.

      • How to install MediaWiki on CentOS 8 – Unixcop the Unix / Linux the admins deams

        MediaWiki is a collaboration and documentation platform brought to you by a vibrant community.

        It helps you collect and organize knowledge and make it available to people.

        MediaWiki is a free and open source software that helps users collect and organize information. It is a centralized place where users collaborate and share knowledge. Wikipedia is an example of MediaWiki’s software use case, as it was initially developed for creating Wikipedia.

        In this tutorial, We will show you how to install Mediawiki in your CentOS 8 system.

      • How To Tune UP Ngnix For the Upcoming 2022 h

        Nginx is a free open source high performing and lightweight web server that is used as the load balancer, reverse proxy, HTTP cache, and mail proxy. Although Nginx is quite new as compared to other web servers, its popularity is rising due to its high performance. With your default Nginx configuration, you might get fast performance but we can boost the Nginx performance at its best by changing some configurations.

        In this article, you will get to know 8 different best ways to boost Nginx for better performance. To demonstrate the example in this article I have installed Nginx on the Ubuntu 20.04 LTS system.

      • How To Install Parabola GNOME on a Virtual Machine

        This tutorial will explain step by step to install Parabola computer operating system with GNOME Desktop to a virtual machine. Let’s practice!

      • How to Set up Pritunl VPN Server on Rocky Linux 8

        Pritunl is an open-source VPN and IPsec server with user management and horizontal scaling for small and large organizations. It gives the user a choice to use OpenVPN and Wireguard protocols. It comes with an easy to use GUI interface and supports clients on most devices and platforms. All the traffic between clients and the server is encrypted. Pritunl is built on MongoDB, a reliable and scalable database that can be quickly deployed and with built-in support for replication, making deploying the Pritunl cluster easy.

        This tutorial will teach you about how to install the Pritunl VPN server on Rocky Linux 8. We will also explore how to connect to the VPN using a Linux Client.

      • How to Install TeamSpeak Server on Ubuntu 20.04 – VITUX

        Teamspeak is a free voice chat software that can be used by teams, groups, and communities. It’s popular among gamers because it allows them to communicate complex strategies in real-time while playing their favorite game. Teamspeak has many other uses besides gaming though. It can also be used for running online conferences or meetings, distance learning courses, language lessons, and much more.

      • How To Install Zabbix on Debian 11 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Zabbix on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, Zabbix is an open-source monitoring tool for servers, applications, and network devices. It is used to monitor networks, servers, applications, services as well as cloud resources. It also supports the monitoring of storage devices, databases, virtual machines, telephony, IT security resources, and much more.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the Zabbix open-source monitoring tool on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

      • How to install MySQL 8.0 Server on Debian 11 Bullseye – Linux Shout

        MySQL doesn’t need any introduction, it has been around for years and widely used open source Database management system. Here we learn how to install MySQL server and client on Debian 11 Bullseye.

        Well, just like Debian 10 Buster, the 11 Bullseye also got the MariaDB as the default MySQL variant to install. Yes, you won’t be able to install the Oracle MySQL using the default repository of Debain 11. Well, being a fork of MySQL, MariaDB will work similar and also stable. And compatible with all application that required the MYSQL.

        Nevertheles, still those who want Oracle’s MySQL and only its features they can add its repository manually using this tutorial to get it.

      • The APT package manager has been patched to prevent the uninstallation of essential components – LinuxStoney

        Last week was a bitter for bit System76 . Aside from its conflict with GNOME , the company had to see its operating system, Pop! _OS , being exposed on the YouTube channel Linus Tech Tips after an attempt to install Steam took away the desktop environment.

        Linus Sebastian, the protagonist of the Linus Tech Tips channel, tried to use or test Linux as a desktop operating system. To do this, he first opted for Pop! _OS, one of NVIDIA’s most user-friendly and graphics-friendly distributions. Everything seemed to be going apparently fine until he started installing Steam . He first tried the store, but after failing, he tried through APT. Despite the warning that jumped him, Linus decided to go ahead with the installation of the application, which resulted in the uninstallation of the desktop environment . After rebooting, obviously, there was no graphical interface.

      • How To Make Plasma Panel Fit Content (Like A Dock)! – Kockatoo Tube
      • Full Circle Magazine #175
      • How To Install phpIPAM on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install phpIPAM on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, phpIPAM is a free PHP-based web IP Address management tool whose goal is to provide modern, lightweight, and useful IP address management and administration. It is a PHP-based application with MySQL database backend, using jQuery libraries, ajax, and some HTML5/CSS3 features.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the phpIPAM free open-source IP address management application on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

      • Create an S3 Bucket on AWS using Terraform

        In this article, I will show you how to use Terraform to create an S3 bucket on AWS. Before proceeding, I assume that you are familiar with S3 bucket if not then you can click here to see the steps to create an S3 bucket from the AWS console.

      • How To Change File Attributes in Linux With Chattr Command

        File attributes are certain properties that are associated with the file. The attributes allow a file to have some characteristics that are valid for all users.

        You may be familiar with the file permissions on Linux. As Linux is a multi-user operating system, it is possible to assign different file or folder permissions for different users.

        File attributes are quite similar to permissions on Linux. However, while basic permissions are only limited to read, write, and execute, the attribute allows the files or folders to have some extended sets of rules that apply on them.

        We can change or modify file/folder permissions with the chmod command. If you are not familiar with the Linux permissions, we recommend you to take a look at our comprehensive guide on the matter. Knowledge of file or folder permissions are not required to follow this tutorial.
        An important thing to remember about the attributes is that the attributes generally apply to all the users in the system (even root).

        For example, if a file were to be assigned the read-only attribute, that file would not allow any user (including root) to modify it. Obviously, the root user could modify the file, but only after removing the read-only attribute.

      • Apt vs Apt-get Commands Explained: Which One To Use?

        As a regular Ubuntu or Debian Linux user, you might have noticed that some package installer, removal, or updating commands use the apt command instead of the apt-get command. Now, as a day-to-day Linux user, you would not get to know what they are and which command is used for what! But as a power Linux/Ubuntu user, you definitely must know the difference between apt vs apt-get commands.

        In the default command lists of Ubuntu, the apt-get command has been widely used for a long while. The new apt command was introduced a few years ago to increase the work efficiency and make the commands process simpler. Though there are some packages that only work with apt-get, hence most cache loading and cache removing or updating functions are nowadays done by the apt command.

      • How to install Ajenti 2 Control Panel on Debian 11

        Ajenti 2 is an open-source, web-based control panel that can be used for a large variety of server management tasks. It can install packages and run commands, and you can view basic server information such as RAM in use, free disk space, etc. All this can be accessed from a web browser. Optionally, an add-on package called Ajenti V allows you to manage multiple websites from the same control panel.

        In this tutorial, we are going to install Ajenti 2 on our Debian 11 server.

      • Josef Strzibny: Summer and winter time changes with DateTime

        Developers usually think of timezones, but European summertime changes can be easily overlooked. I have to admit I overlooked them when parsing dates with DateTime.from_naive!/2.

        What’s the issue, you ask?

    • Games

      • Scientific evolution sim Thrive is now available on itch.io and Steam | GamingOnLinux

        Thrive is a free and open source evolution sim, that is now available from the itch.io and Steam stores where you can pay to support the development. It’s in Early Access and they have a very long road ahead until it’s complete, and they’re estimating multiple years to go yet until it’s finished.

        “In Thrive, you take control of an organism on an alien planet, beginning with the Last Universal Common Ancestor (LUCA). Your goal is to survive in the environment, adapt your species by adding mutations, and thrive. Other species will emerge to compete with yours. They will evolve via a population dynamics driven simulation with random mutations – you must improve and spread your species to surpass them. The success of your species depends both on your skill in surviving as an individual cell and the changes you make in the editor.”

      • Linux gaming takes a big step forward with full Nvidia DLSS support in Proton | TechRadar

        The latest version of Proton comes with full support for Nvidia DLSS, among other benefits such as better compatibility with anti-cheat software.

        For the uninitiated, Proton is the compatibility layer which allows Windows games to be played under Valve’s SteamOS operating system, and version 6.3-8 delivers official support for DLSS in DX11 and DX12 games. This follows Nvidia making its frame rate boosting tech available for Vulkan titles earlier in the year (meaning the likes of Doom Eternal got the benefit of DLSS).

      • Linux Release Roundup #21.48: Pinta 1.7.1, Proton 6.3-8, Deepin 20.3, and More Releases – It’s FOSS News

        In the Linux Release Roundup series, we summarize the new distribution and application version releases in the past week. This keeps you informed of the latest developments in the Linux world.

        [...]

        Proton compatibility layer 6.3-8 release introduces support for a bunch of new games that include Age of Empires 4, Assassin’s Creed, COD: Black Ops II, and many more.

      • Godot Engine – Release candidate: Godot 3.4.1 RC 1

        Godot 3.4 was released earlier this month, and it went fairly smoothly! Many thanks to all the contributors who worked on it, including all testers who tried beta and RC releases to ensure that the 3.4-stable branch would be an easy and worthwhile upgrade path for all users.

        No software release is perfect though, so there will always be some things to iron out, which is why we usually provide maintenance releases for stable branches, focusing on bugfixing and preserving compatibility (see our release policy). A number of fixes have been queued already in the 3.4 branch for Godot 3.4.1, so here’s a first release candidate to validate them.

      • X4: Tides of Avarice expansion coming early 2022, plus AMD FSR

        “Encountering and interacting with previously unknown, lawless pirate and scavenger factions, will challenge your perception of social order and justice in the X universe. In new sectors and dangerous regions, you will not only discover new ships and stations, but also encounter stellar phenomena that will significantly influence your plans and actions. What is it all about, and who are the mysterious manipulators that have learned to master a rare and vital resource? Your journey will lead you towards the answers. Set out and discover a new chapter of X4: Foundations.”

        Expect to see the likes of a “terrifying pirate battleship with an experimental and unusual energy source” and the complete opposite with an “incredibly lavish and luxurious yacht”. Plus you will also get the ability to salvage shipwrecks to recycle resources.

      • Canonical want your feedback on Ubuntu Gaming

        Looks like Canonical, the creator of Ubuntu, want to get in on more Linux Gaming with their Desktop Product Manager starting a new series of blog posts and your feedback is needed.

        The first blog post goes over using Steam and Proton, which won’t be news to any of our readers, especially with our full guide existing for some time now. What’s interesting though, that I had no idea, is that their Desktop Product Manager is Oliver Smith, who previously worked for Creative Assembly as a Producer on the likes of Alien Isolation – which got ported natively to Linux by Feral Interactive.

        As for the actual guide, it’s a pretty good intro for those who need to point newer users to get setup ready with Steam and try out Proton.

      • Creator Day is live on itch.io giving 100% to developers

        The anti-Black Friday event is live once again on the itch.io store, where developers get 100% of purchases as itch forgoes its cut for a day.

        Continuing to buck the trend here, itch always does things a bit differently. They have an open revenue sharing model, where by default itch only takes a 10% cut but developers can set it to whatever they want — even zero.

      • Capcom shows off official video of Devil May Cry 5 on the Steam Deck | GamingOnLinux

        As more developers get their hands on a Steam Deck devkit, we’re seeing plenty more show their games and now Capcom has taken a turn with Devil May Cry 5.

        Unlike a lot of what we’ve seen previously via small clips or plain pictures on Twitter, Capcom went a tiny step further by making a video on their official Capcom USA YouTube Channel – that’s quite a bit of extra advertisement power there for the Steam Deck.

      • Open source re-implementation of Caesar III, Augustus v3.1 is out | GamingOnLinux

        Augustus is an open source game engine re-implementation for Caesar III, forked from another called Julius that aims to add in new features.

        Version 3.1 is out now adding in plenty of new goodies like: a volume slider, a Hippodrome betting system, roofed garden walls, palisades for cheaper walls, a new difficulty option to adjust the max number of allowed grand temples per city, new hotkeys, resource stockpiling is now an option to production buildings and warehouses, an option to have number separators for larger numbers and many more improvements and bug fixes. It’s making it easily one of the best ways to play the classic city-builder.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • New Icons, Iconoclast Pipeline › Ken Vermette

          As was the method for Blue Ocean on the desktop widgets and design, the icons will be a gradual rollout over a few releases. We do have a strategy in place to ensure that this won’t be too jarring or inconsistent during the transition. The current plan is to update both all mimetypes and all places in time for the 5.24 release.

          Like our current icons the new icons have adaptive capabilities. Beyond that some additional select icons such as the new desktop icon are also adaptive, and there are plans for other icons to also take advantage of this feature where it would not be obnoxious. Compared to existing icons the refreshed content will be softer, more detailed, and less flat. These icons are also prepared with future capabilities in mind, and as enhancements are made to KDE Frameworks these icons may expose new and interesting features.

          Finally, we’re expanding the number of sizes the icons come in, so they look ideal at more zoom levels in your file browser. Currently colour places icons are offered in 32, 48, 64, and 96 pixel sizes, and mimetypes are offered in 32 and 64 pixel sizes. Refreshed icons in both places and mimetypes will be offered in 32, 48, 64, 96, 128, and 256 pixel sizes with no missing graphics. We already have all folders in all of the above sizes, and in under a month while also writing our software we have over doubled the number of folder icons in Breeze. We’re estimating we will more than triple in the number of mimetype icons.

          To get this work done we’ve built new tools for the express purpose of making mass iconography far easier for even individual artists, so I’m very pleased to state that a new icon and SVG pipeline is underway and despite being unfinished is producing results. This Python-written pipeline is capable of adding guides, rulers, and setting up grids for existing icons, standardizing existing icon colours, assembling entirely new icons from templates and components, and aggressively optimizing icons. With this authors will be able to have a “golden copy” of their icon sets where they can focus purely on design, letting the software take care of cleaning up the documents and assembling the individual pieces. The folders in the above image were assembled by the pipeline, with no hand-tuning.

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • 13 Best Dark GTK Themes for Your Linux Desktop – It’s FOSS

          With the near infinite customization options you have on any given Linux distribution, the most visually noticeable difference is customizing the theme. Let’s take a look at some of the GTK themes with dark mode.

          Yeah, we have covered the best Linux themes in the past but this one is specifically dedicated to the dark themes. There was a time when only programmers and sysadmins preferred dark mode but that’s not the case anymore. Dark mode is loved by normal people as well and hence I compiled this list of dark themes for desktop Linux users like you.

          [...]

          McMojave is a GTK theme which takes inspiration from the macOS style user interface. This theme is offered in dark mode, obviously, but also in light mode, for… umm… whoever may want it.

          The McMojave GTK theme obviously supports GTK based Desktop Environments like Pantheon, Gnome, XFCE, Mate etc; but, this theme is also available for KDE users.

        • #20 Colorful Characters · This Week in GNOME

          Update on what happened across the GNOME project in the week from November 19 to November 26.

    • Distributions

      • Reviews

      • New Releases

        • blog.ipfire.org – IPFire 2.27 – Core Update 161 released

          Today, we are releasing a brand new version of IPFire: 2.27 – Core Update 161. Amongst a huge performance improvement for the Intrusion Prevention System, it comes with a brand new kernel and various security and bug fixes.

          Before we talk about what is new, I would like to ask you for your support. IPFire is a small team of people and like many of our open source friends, we’ve taken a hit this year and would like to ask you to help us out. Please follow the link below where your donation can help fund our continued development: https://www.ipfire.org/donate.

          Please note, that this update will reconnect any PPP connections and we recommend performing a reboot after the update has been installed.

      • BSD

        • GhostBSD 21.11.24 ISO is now available

          This new ISO contains kernel, OS, and software updates. In addition, I added a new command-line software called ghostbsd-version that gives you the GhostBSD version, FreeBSD version, kernel version, and OS version. At the date of this release, if you run ghostbsd-version or ghostbsd-version -v, it should output 21.11.24. This version number will be increment by the date of new packages built on packages every update performed. The ISO version is now following the last package’s build version instead of an ISO’s build date in the hope of removing confusion about the ISO version.

      • SUSE/OpenSUSE

        • Git, curl, systemd Roll with Tumbleweed

          openSUSE Tumbleweed gave rolling release users a snapshot every day this past week.

          The latest snapshot to be released was 20211124. This snapshot brought systemd 249.7, which focused on package tests and updated dependencies for the testsuite. The text editor vim had a minor update to version 8.2.3640, but it was filled with many fixes; some of the fixes included taking care of a memory leak, crashes and performance issues related to GTK. The removal of a redundant script header was made in the update of dracut and optimal compression parameters were made for zstd in the Linux-boot process package. Other packages to update in the snapshot were autoyast2 4.4.22, embedded Linux library ell 0.46, GNOME’s document viewer evince 41.3 and gtk-vnc 1.3.0.

        • openSUSE Tumbleweed – Review of the week 2021/47 – Dominique a.k.a. DimStar (Dim*)

          Winter has come – at least that’s what I heard some colleagues talk about these days. Luckily, for me, there is no snow out yet and Tumbleweed has sufficient grip to roll ahead without getting stuck. As such, we have published 7 snapshots this week (1118…1124).

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • EuroLinux 8.5 Release Notes – EuroLinux Documentation

          EuroLinux 8.5 is the first minor release created in a continuous way. It was also the first version when we deployed our engineer to remote sites (in most cases virtual) to provide support for organisations that rebuild RHEL/EuroLinux from sources with Gaia build system. This version code name is Tirana – the capital city of Albania.

          Below you can find the essential changes in EuroLinux 8.5 release for x86_64 architecture. The aarch64 GA release is slightly delayed. Release notes for aarch64 will be provided in a separate document.

        • Fedora Community Blog: Friday’s Fedora Facts: 2021-47

          Here’s your weekly Fedora report. Read what happened this week and what’s coming up. Your contributions are welcome (see the end of the post)!

          Fedora Linux 33 will reach end of life on Tuesday 30 November. The F35 retrospective survey is open through 4 December.

        • 4 unexpected ways to use Ansible | Enable Sysadmin

          Ansible is well-known for automating traditional IT tasks, like server administration, networking, application deployments, and more. But Ansible can do a whole lot more. In Jeff Geerling’s AnsibleFest 2021 presentation, Automating the uncommon—Ansible automates everything, he shared some of the creative ways he uses Ansible.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • Craft Parts – Reusable code, Snapcraft style | Ubuntu

          Throughout the ages, humans have always used simpler tools and materials to create more complex ones. Wood and stone for smelting bronze and iron; iron to create steel; vacuum tubes to create logical gates; logical gates to create advanced arithmetic engines, and so on. Modern software is no different.

          With Snapcraft in particular, the snap building process comprises a number of steps. Source artifacts are collected, there’s compilation and assembly of binary products, and then, these are packaged into a single final archive. This process is very similar to how various other Canonical solutions work, and applicable to many different use cases outside of the snap world. To that end, the Snapcraft team has created a portable, reusable mechanism called Craft Parts.

    • Devices/Embedded

      • Seaberry Turns A Raspberry Pi 4 Into A Linux Powered ITX System – PC Perspective

        Since it’s inception the Raspberry Pi has evolved from it’s start as a nifty sounding hobby board to a rather powerful multi-core small form factor computer which is capable of quite a lot. The enhancement to it’s capabilities has continued to expand at a pace roughly equal to it’s growing popularity, to the point where there is an effective compute module which can be added to the your Pi to give it more versatility.

        Thanks to the compatibility improvements for that computer module we will see in 5.16 release of the Linux kernel, the Raspberry Pi will be capable of yet another impressive feat with the help of a product from a Canadian company called ALFTEL. Their Seaberry Compute Module 4 carrier board will give your Raspberry Pi 4 PCIe support. Once attached, your Pi will have access to a variety of PCIe interfaces including a 16x slot with a single PCIe lane, four PCIe 1x Mini slots, four M.2 Key E with two lanes each and one single lane PCIe M.2 Key M port.

      • Mobile Systems/Mobile Applications

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Web Browsers

        • Mozilla

          • Thunderbird & no email associated to perform action error

            A new weird little problem has landed into my lap. On one of me Windows boxes, I upgraded Thunderbird, the mail client program, to the new release. I went from 78.x to 91.x, and in the process, I also received a gratis error message.

            It would pop up on every program startup, and it reads: There is no email program associated to perform the requested action. Please install an email program or, if one is already installed, create an association in the Default Programs control panel. Clunky language aside, Control Panel is sadly no longer the goto place for default apps in Windows 10/11. Plus, the error shows up during Thunderbird startup. Every time. Let’s fix this.

          • Mozilla Performance Blog: Performance Sheriff Newsletter (October 2021)

            In October there were 303 alerts generated, resulting in 45 regression bugs being filed on average 5.2 days after the regressing change landed.

            Welcome to the October 2021 edition of the performance sheriffing newsletter. Here you’ll find the usual summary of our sheriffing efficiency metrics. If you’re interested (and if you have access) you can view the full dashboard.

      • Content Management Systems (CMS)

        • Kiwi TCMS 10.5

          We’re happy to announce Kiwi TCMS version 10.5 which celebrates the very positive reception we had at WebSummit 2021!

      • Programming/Development

        • PHP 8.1 is Here Studded with Highly Requested Features

          PHP 8.1 has been officially released and brings numerous innovations, such as enumerations, fibers and performance improvements.

          PHP is a server side scripting language that is used to develop web applications. According to W3Techs’ data, PHP is used by 78.2% of all websites with a known server-side programming language. In other words, almost 8 out of every 10 websites that you visit on the Internet are using PHP in some way.

          The language continues to evolve, by releasing their newest PHP 8.1 update, just a couple of days after the formation of a PHP Foundation was announced. This new version, released November 25, 2021, contains many new features, including enums, readonly properties, first-class callable syntax, fibers, intersection types, performance improvements and more.

          Let’s take a quick look at some of the new features, performance tweaks and other reasons why you should migrate to PHP 8.1.

        • LLVM Prepares New ThreadSanitizer Runtime That Is Faster, Lower Memory Use – Phoronix

          LLVM developers have been working recently to land their new ThreadSanitizer run-time. The TSan as a reminder is the compiler instrumentation with associated run-time library for being able to detect data races.

          ThreadSanitizer is successful at detecting data race conditions even within large and complex code-bases. But unfortunately it’s quite burdensome to enable with performance slowing down in the range of 5~15x while the run-time memory overhead can be in the range of 5~10x.

        • xcrun: error: invalid active developer path – buildVirtual
        • Why PHP Is Getting a Foundation and Why That Matters – FOSS Force

          The PHP Foundation is an effort by 10 key PHP vendors to assure adequate funding to keep the popular scripting language viable.

        • Qt 5.12.12 Released

          We have released Qt 5.12.12 today. This is the last release from Qt 5.12 LTS series and the standard support of Qt 5.12 LTS ends in December 2021.

          Qt 5.12.12 contains ~ 30 bug fixes compared to the Qt 5.12.11. Please check details about the release from Qt 5.12.12 Release Note.

          Note that Qt 5.12 LTS standard support ends in December 2021. It has been quite a long journey with it; big thanks to everyone involved!

        • Perl/Raku

          • Perl Weekly Challenge 140: Add Binary
          • My Favorite Warnings: experimental | Tom Wyant [blogs.perl.org]

            Perl has had experimental features ever since I started using it at about version 5.6. These were things that were considered useful, but about which there was doubt — about their final form, whether a satisfactory implementation existed, or whatever.

            Until Perl 5.18, experimental features were simply documented as experimental. At that point, an experimental warning category was added, with sub-categories experimental::lexical_subs, experimental::lexical_topic, experimental::regex_sets, and experimental::smartmatch.

            Most of the features covered by the original Perl 5.18 warning categories were actually introduced in Perl 5.10 as back-ports from Raku (or Perl 6, as it was then called), and not documented as experimental. My impression was that the relevant experimental:: warnings were introduced becaue the corresponding features were recognized as being more experimental than originally believed. Programmers already familiar with a feature might not notice an extra sentence in the documentation, but they will surely notice if their code starts spitting out experimental warnings.

        • Python

          • OpenFaaS: How to Add Python Requirements and Dependencies – Anto ./ Online

            This guide will show you how to add requirements and dependencies for a Python project using OpenFaaS.

            Python dependencies are software components that your project needs for it to work. You can manually use PyPI (the Python Package Index) to provide packages that you need, but OpenFaaS can automate this for you.

        • Java

          • LWJGL – The Lightweight Java Game Library Version 3.3 Released

            The part to note in this definition is that LWJGL provides access to native APIs through Java. That it is a wrapper over the APIs doesn’t mean that you should not be familiar with the semantics of the underlying API. Hence to get the most out of LWJGL a good understanding of the native APIs is essential too.

            At this point it is important to disambiguate between a library and a framework. LWJGL is a library and as such is low level; it is not a gamedev framework like libgdx (which itself uses LWJGL under the covers!) or a gamedev engine like GoDot which provide higher level of abstractions. For this reason, it is not recommended for novice programmers to start out writing games with it.

            And, of course, it is debatable whether Java is a good language for gamedev over the classic value of C++. Some advantages of using Java are its support of multiple operating systems and, of course, the easy learning curve in comparison to C++. Minuses could be garbage collection, performance and a smaller dev community. In any case, it depends on the use case; as they say, choose the best tool for the job at hand.

    • Standards/Consortia

      • Bitrot resistance of next-generation image formats

        What happens when a single bit gets corrupted in an image file you cherish? The results can range from absolutely nothing to an imperceptible visual change to a complete loss of the image. The hero image below is somewhere in the middle of the scale; where the top half of the image is perfect, and the lower half is reduced to meaningless digital noise.

        Whether due to mechanical failure or transmission interference like cosmic radiation: bitrot happens. A rotted bit, or flipped bit, is when one bit of RAM or persistent storage unintentionally flips its state between zero and one. You can only do so much to protect your system from random failure. Multiple backups and data verification is the only proven strategy to protect against it.

        Traditional JPEG images (referred to as JPEG troughing the article as opposed to JXL), especially with progressive encoding, handle bitrot remarkably well. You might see a single pixel shift its color almost imperceptibly, or one of the encoding layers may shift slightly. The effects are so well understood that you can even find free software that can automatically recover corrupted JPEG photos.

        However, the next-generation image formats pack data much more densely than in the legacy image formats. There’s isn’t just less redundancy, but every single bit means more to the complete image. This means the effects of bitrot produce a much greater loss of visual fidelity and decodes to more abstract results. The newer encoding techniques include predictive models that can get thrown off completely by a single bit out of place. The digital hellfire in the lower half of the above hero image is a perfect example of this.

  • Leftovers

    • Integrity/Availability

    • Finance

      • Web3: the risk of naming

        In the last few weeks, I’ve heard from many – mainly not technical – people the expression “Web3”. In a way, it is excellent that people that are not tech-savvy start to learn about the Web, how it works, and where it might go, since they are using it consciously or not to perform the majority of tasks in their lives. The issue I have with this, though, is that no one of them could explain how it would work or why they are so confident that the future is going in that direction. The only thing they could associate with Web3 was that cryptocurrencies would be the future, and their value would go to the moon.

        I’m not a pessimist about the future of cryptocurrency and blockchain, but I’m not sure that it will happen either. I’ve been interested in the technology space for the last 20 years, and I have seen many technologies been proposed as the game-changer failing and being completely forgotten. Some were inherently flawed, others were technically sound, but they did not deliver on the promised success. Those 20 years taught me to approach any new technology that promises to change the world with a healthy amount of skepticism, and blockchain and cryptocurrency are no exception.

      • The Tim Dillon Show with Whitney Webb

        Whitney joins Tim Dillon to discuss vaccine mandates, digital ID and the 4th industrial revolution and how their implementation threatens human society and freedom globally.

    • Monopolies

      • EU coalition urges EU to push back against gate keeping by Microsoft, files official complaint

        A coalition of EU software and cloud businesses joined Nextcloud GmbH in respect of their formal complaint to the European Commission about Microsoft’s anti-competitive behavior in respect of its OneDrive (cloud) offering. In a repeat from earlier monopolistic actions, Microsoft is bundling its OneDrive, Teams and other services with Windows and aggressively pushing consumers to sign up and hand over their data to Microsoft. This limits consumer choice and creates a barrier for other companies offering competing services.

        Over the last few years have grown their market share to 66% of the EU market, while local providers lost out from 26 to 16%. By heavily favoring their own products and services (so-called “self-preferencing”) or outright blocking other vendors they leverage their position as gate keepers to extend their reach in more and more neighbouring markets and push users deeper into their ecosystems. Local, more specialised vendors are unable to compete “on the merits” as the key to success is not a good product but the ability to distort competition and block market access.

        “This is quite similar to what Microsoft did when it killed competition in the browser market, stopping nearly all browser innovation for over a decade. Copy an innovators’ product, bundle it with your own dominant product and kill their business, then stop innovating. This kind of behavior is bad for the consumer, for the market and, of course, for local businesses in the EU. Together with the other members of the coalition, we are asking the antitrust authorities in Europe to enforce a level playing field, giving customers a free choice and to give competition a fair chance,” said Frank Karlitschek, CEO and founder of Nextcloud GmbH

Links 26/11/2021: F35 Elections, Whonix 16.0.3.7, OSMC’s November Refresh With Kodi 19.3

Posted in News Roundup at 4:33 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • TUXEDO InfinityBook S 17 Linux Laptop Unveiled with 11th Gen Tiger Lake CPUs, Compact Design

        Dubbed as the smallest 17-inch business TUXEDO notebook in a 15-inch form factor, the TUXEDO InfinityBook S 17 Gen6 is here with an above-average screen-to-body ratio and a large 17.3-inch Full-HD IPS anti-reflective / non-glare display, partial aluminum chassis (display lid and bottom panel), as well as an ergonomic and cooling-optimized Lift-Up hinge that acts as a stand.

    • Server

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Applications

      • Best Free and Open Source Alternatives to Apple’s Products – LinuxLinks

        Apple, Microsoft, Alphabet (Google’s parent), Amazon and Facebook dominate the tech landscape. Their dominance is so broad they account for more than 20% of the S&P 500.

        There are many things to admire about Apple’s hardware and software. Apple make great looking (albeit expensive) hardware. Over the years key successes include the iPhone, iPad, iPod, and the MacBook Air. The company designs its own hardware and software. This gives them the power to make an operating system and suite of apps that are tailor-made and optimized for their hardware. Apple also operates the Apple Music and Apple TV media distribution platforms.

        Mac OS X is Apple’s proprietary operating system for its line of Macintosh computers. Its interface, known as Aqua, is highly polished and built on top of a BSD derivative (Darwin). There’s a whole raft of proprietary applications that are developed by Apple for their operating software. This software is not available for Linux and there’s no prospect of that position changing.

        In 2020, Apple began the Apple silicon transition, using self-designed, 64-bit ARM-based Apple M1 processors on new Mac computers. Maybe it’s the perfect time to move away from the proprietary world of Apple, and embrace the open source Linux scene.

      • Best Free and Open Source Alternatives to Apple FaceTime – LinuxLinks

        Apple, Microsoft, Alphabet (Google’s parent), Amazon and Facebook dominate the tech landscape. Their dominance is so broad they account for more than 20% of the S&P 500.

        There are many things to admire about Apple’s hardware and software. Apple make great looking (albeit expensive) hardware. Over the years key successes include the iPhone, iPad, iPod, and the MacBook Air. The company designs its own hardware and software. This gives them the power to make an operating system and suite of apps that are tailor-made and optimized for their hardware. Apple also operates the Apple Music and Apple TV media distribution platforms.

        Mac OS X is Apple’s proprietary operating system for its line of Macintosh computers. Its interface, known as Aqua, is highly polished and built on top of a BSD derivative (Darwin). There’s a whole raft of proprietary applications that are developed by Apple for their operating software. This software is not available for Linux and there’s no prospect of that position changing.

        In 2020, Apple began the Apple silicon transition, using self-designed, 64-bit ARM-based Apple M1 processors on new Mac computers. Maybe it’s the perfect time to move away from the proprietary world of Apple, and embrace the open source Linux scene.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to Install PostgreSQL 14 in RHEL 8 Linux

        PostgreSQL is a well-known object-relational database system. The open-source nature of this relational database management system has kept it under an active development status for over 30 years. These development milestones have earned PostgreSQL the attributes of being robust, performant, and reliable.

        RHEL 8 on the other hand offers its users a quick Cybersecurity response, flexible subscription options, secure design, open APIs, and thorough product testing.

        Therefore, whether you are working on analytics, geospatial, mobile, or web applications on an RHEL 8 environment, PostgreSQL’s flexibility with both structured and unstructured data makes it a reliable data warehouse/store.

      • Install a full desktop on a Multipass VM for easier Linux development – TechRepublic

        Install a full desktop on a Multipass VM for easier Linux development

      • Check External IP From Linux Command Line – Linux Nightly

        There are a few different ways to check a system’s external IP address from the Linux command line. Check out some of the methods below to retrieve your public IP address using Linux commands.

      • Install Fail2ban on Debian 11 – Unixcop the Unix / Linux the admins deams

        See how to use the dig, curl, and wget Linux commands to view a system’s external/public IP address from command line terminal.

    • Games

      • FUTEX2 futex_waitv Wired Up For Other Architectures With Linux 5.16-rc3 – Phoronix

        FUTEX2 as in the new futex_waitv system call landed in Linux 5.16 back during the merge window for improving the efficiency of running Windows games on Linux for those that rely on Windows’ WaitForMultipleObjects functionality with futex_waitv is now the ability to wait on multiple futexes. That new system call is now supported on more architectures with the next Linux 5.16 release candidate.

        Back with the original FUTEX2/futex_waitv patches the system call was wired up for x86/x86_64 and Arm. Patches since then enabled the system call for MIPS, s390, parisc,and s390. Landing today was enabling the system call for the rest of the supported CPU architectures by the Linux kernel, not that it’s too important for those archs from the gaming aspect but for other use-cases in wanting to wait on multiple futexes.

      • DOSBox Basics on Linux – CubicleNate’s Techpad

        DOSBox is an excellent DOS environment that you can enjoy on modern Linux systems. I was never really into DOS all that much in my early computer years. I used it but I didn’t really enjoy it. I much preferred Commodore 64 because it was far more colorful, later the Amiga, because it was far better in sound and graphics and I got my first x86 based system in the Windows 98 years where I only used DOS to do gaming. That said, I do have many happy memories of playing DOS based games like Space Quest, Police Quest, Simant and many others. Games like Descent and Doom have been ported to Linux so there is no benefit in running the DOS version.

        I got the “hankering” to play some old DOS games, specifically Oregon Trail and Sim Ant for some unknown reason, perhaps it was head injury induced, I can’t say for sure. As I was playing with DOSBox, I couldn’t help but think how much I was enjoying the experience and started thinking, “Can I easily integrate these games in my openSUSE Tumbleweed, Plasma Desktop experience?”

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • 13 Best Dark GTK Themes for Your Linux Desktop

          Yeah, we have covered the best Linux themes in the past but this one is specifically dedicated to the dark themes. There was a time when only programmers and sysadmins preferred dark mode but that’s not the case anymore. Dark mode is loved by normal people as well and hence I compiled this list of dark themes for desktop Linux users like you.

          If you are new to theme-ing your desktop environment, you can take a look at our guide to install themes in GNOME.

    • Distributions

      • MX Linux 21 ‘AHS’ Is Now Available: What Is AHS?

        You might’ve heard of MX Linux. It is the most popular Linux distro according to the Distrowatch rankings. Developers of the same recently released MX Linux 21 AHS. So what exactly is AHS? In this article, let’s look at everything that’s new in MX Linux 21 AHS.

        AHS stands for Advanced Hardware Support, which, according to the MX Linux blog, is a repository that allows users to install new graphics firmware such as mesa packages, Xorg drivers, etc. “The target is those users with things like newer amdgpu hardware, or later intel graphics sets, or those requiring newer mesa packages. The primary focus is the graphics stack,” AHS – MX Linux Blog.

      • New Releases

        • Clonezilla Live 2.8 Disk Cloning/Imaging Tool Released with Linux Kernel 5.14, More

          Coming three months after the Clonezilla Live 2.7.3 release and more than a year after the Clonezilla Live 2.7 series, Clonezilla Live 2.8 is here as a modest update that bumps the kernel from Linux 5.10 LTS to the newer Linux 5.14 series, which is no longer supported upstream.

          Linux kernel 5.14.6 is included in Clonezilla Live 2.8 mainly to provide users with better hardware support, but there won’t be any further updates released to this kernel branch, at least not upstream.

        • Stable Clonezilla live 2.8.0-27 Released

          This release of Clonezilla live (2.8.0-27) includes major enhancements and bug fixes.
          ENHANCEMENTS and CHANGES from 2.7.3-19

        • Endless OS 4 makes the jump to Debian 11, strengthens Flatpak and improves privacy – LinuxStoney

          Endless OS 4 has been published to continue the mission of the foundation that develops it to reduce the digital divide in the world . This time we find another operating system based on excellent Debian 11 Bullseye , which incorporates more applications in Flatpak format and which maintains the atomic update system OSTree as one of its main pillars.

          As a derivative of Debian 11 Bullseye that it is, Endless OS 4 inherits many of the characteristics of the operating system on which it is based, but the first novelty highlighted by those responsible for the distribution is the possibility of being able to quickly switch between users without logging out.

          The second novelty mentioned by the foundation is the printing support without drivers thanks to IPP-over-USB , which treats any device connected by USB (in this case, printers) as if it were working through a network, thus making it dispensable. , at least initially, the use of drivers. Endless warns that updating to version 4 of your system will delete all the printers that the user has configured.

        • Endless OS 4.0 Biggest Update Available to Download and Upgrade – itsfoss.net

          Endless OS 4.0 Biggest Update Available to Download and Upgrade, Endless OS is a Linux-based operating system which provides a simplified and streamlined user experience using a customized desktop environment forked from GNOME Shell.

          The project’s latest release is Endless OS 4.0.0 which introduces long-term support. With Endless OS 4, we are introducing a long-term support version of the OS, which will be supported for a number of years even after Endless OS 5 is released. By default, Endless OS 4 systems will automatically update to Endless OS 5 when it is released, as with all past versions of the OS. However, it is now possible to remain on Endless OS 4 and continue to receive critical bug fixes and security updates even after Endless OS 5 is released, keeping the same OS functionality and appearance for several years. Please see the Long-Term Support documentation for more details, including how to configure a system to use the LTS version of Endless OS. We have updated our low-level software platform, for improved hardware support, performance, and stability Linux kernel 5.11 and updated linux-firmware, bringing support for the latest PC hardware and several fixes to existing drivers and core kernel code.” Additional information is provided in the project’s release announcement.

        • Deepin 20.3 Update Available to Download – itsfoss.net

          Deepin 20.3 Update Available to Download, Deepin 20.3 is a Debian-based distribution which features its own, custom desktop environment – the Deepin Desktop Environment (DDE). The project’s latest release is deepin 20.3 which includes an updated kernel and better support for NTFS partitions.

          In deepin 20.3, the Stable kernel is upgraded to version 5.15 with better compatibility, system security vulnerabilities are fixed, some deepin applications come with new features and optimizations to meet the needs under different scenarios, and DDE issues are fixed and optimized to improve the overall user experience. The Stable kernel is upgraded to version 5.15 with better support for Intel 12th Gen processors and NTFS file systems, and better system compatibility. Both LTS and Stable kernels can be installed and manually upgraded in deepin. Album provides a better batch selection of photos and new buttons for quick actions, supports importing, previewing, and searching videos, displays the number of photos and videos separately in the status bar, and improves the interactions of main functions, making photo and video management more convenient.” Additional information can be found in the distribution’s release announcement (Chinese, English).

        • Deepin 20.3 improves image management and screenshots – LinuxStoney

          Deepin 20.3 is the new version of the most popular Chinese distro on the scene and as it has been happening with its latest releases, it is presented as little more than a maintenance update, although there are news.

          We reviewed the latest movements of Deepin on the occasion of its previous version, and this year the project has assumed several changes in its development and launch calendar, now more together than ever and, therefore, with less news than never.

          Deepin 20.3 is no exception and like the most recent versions of the distribution, regular updates of the environment and applications account for the bulk of the changes, although it presents a couple of novelties that stand out on their own, in the style of what has already been seen.

        • OSMC’s November update is here with Kodi 19.3

          At the end of the Summer, we released our largest update ever delivering a new version of Kodi, an improved video stack, support for new Raspberry Pi models and a large number of improvements and fixes.

          Since then, we’ve been working hard to deliver another significant update. This update also features Kodi v19.3 which has a number of bug fixes. One of the more significant changes in Kodi v19.3 includes a fix which improves the playback of videos which have high-bitrate TrueHD tracks. This would previously result in drop-outs when playing back some titles with HD audio passthrough enabled.

        • Whonix 16.0.3.7 – for VirtualBox – Point Release!
      • Slackware Family

        • Slackware 15.0 RC2 Available to Download

          Patrick Volkerding has announced that the development branch of Slackware Linux has reached “release candidate 2” status. As a result, the highly anticipated release of version 15.0 of the world’s oldest surviving Linux distribution is just around the corner: “Clearly we’re going to have to trend more carefully for things to settle down, so consider this RC2 and a much harder freeze.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • 10 holiday gift ideas for open source enthusiasts

        Are you looking for cool gifts for people on your holiday shopping list or ideas for your own wishlist? If so, consider one of the ten suggestions below. Each of these gift suggestions connects in some way to the open source ethos. From DIY projects to computers to books, this list provides gift suggestions that foster creativity, learning, and exploring.

        If the person on your shopping list already has everything (or does not want any tangible gifts), consider making a charitable donation to an open source project in their name. Opensource.com’s list of open source organizations has plenty of organizations you can select from. You, the person whose name the donation was made in, and the organization that received your donation can all be content in knowing that your gift has helped make open source better.

  • Leftovers

    • Opinion | When a Community Is Smashed

      The first time it happened was bad enough.

    • Living on a Sci-Fi Planet

      I know that because I recently reread H.G. Wells’s 1898 novel War of the Worlds, while revisiting an early moment in my own life. Admittedly, I wasn’t in London when those Martian machines, hooting away, stalked boldly into that city, hungry in the most literal fashion imaginable for human blood. No surprise there, since that was almost a century and a quarter ago. Still, at 77, thanks to that book, I was at least able to revisit a moment that had been mine long enough ago to seem almost like fiction.

      Yes, all those years back I had been reading that very same novel for the very first time under the covers by flashlight. I still remember being gripped, thrilled, and scared, at a time when my parents thought I was asleep. And believe me, if you do that at perhaps age 12 or 13, you really do feel as if you’ve been plunged into a futuristic world from hell, ululations and all.

    • The Anti-Pilgrim: The Life and Times of Thomas Morton

      As Mount St. Mary’s University Professor of English, William Heath pointed out in a 2007 article for the Journal of American Studies, Morton remains one of the best sources on New England’s indigenous culture and ecology at the time of English settlement. Not surprisingly, some of his observations were off the mark; he concluded, for example, that the Natives were remnants of “the scattered Trojans,” and that they had no religion to speak of, the same mistake made by Columbus on his first day in America. But other observations are quite acute. For example, Morton noted that the Indians set fire to the country periodically, thereby cleaning away underbrush and creating more grasslands for the deer to feed on. He was also quick to praise them when he found their conduct superior to that of the Puritans and Separatists. In New English Canaan he wrote, “I have found the Massachusetts Indians more full of humanity than the Christians, and have had much better quarter with them.”

      The details of Morton’s early life in England are scanty. Heath speculates that he could have been from the southwestern county of Devon, a region famed for its adherence to old English folk customs, Anglo-Catholic ritual, and “good hospitality,” as well as for its swashbuckling, sea-faring sons, including Sir Francis Drake, Sir Humphrey Gilbert, and Sir Walter Raleigh. The just published, The Trials of Thomas Morton by USC Professor of Humanities, History and Anthropology, Peter C Mancall places Morton’s birth at around 1575 or 76 possibly in Somerset, also in the southwest of England. As Heath notes, Morton’s family could afford to send him to the Inns of the Court, England’s peculiar combination of law school and professional association, so it can be presumed that he was an aristocrat of sorts whose education was probably similar, if not superior, to that of Shakespeare.

    • Tribe That Helped Pilgrims Survive First Thanksgiving Regrets It 400 Years Later
    • The First Thanksgiving is a Key Chapter in America’s Origin Story, But What Happened in Virginia Four Months Later Mattered Much More

      But what happened four months later, starting in March 1622 about 600 miles south of Plymouth, is, I believe, far more reflective of the country’s origins – a story not of peaceful coexistence but of distrust, displacement and repression.

      As a scholar of colonial New England and Virginia, I have often wondered why Americans tend to pay so much less attention to other English migrants of the same era.

    • Opinion | On Thanksgiving’s 400th Anniversary, We Must Change the Way We Celebrate

      Today, the United States officially marks Thanksgiving. This holiday with vague roots in centuries-old European harvest festivals has had peculiarly American – and highly problematic – iconography and mythology constructed around it since the mid-19th century. In its modern incarnation, Thanksgiving is also inescapably associated with capitalism.

    • A THANKSGIVING TOAST

      But I will remind them of this nation’s resilience, and the many ways the future could be bright. And when we raise our glasses for a toast, I will ask that they never give up fighting for a more just society. Happy Thanksgiving, friends.

    • Opinion | Indigenous Resistance Rising as Thanksgiving Turns 400

      Wampanoag. Massachusett. Nipmuc. Mohegan. Pequot. Narragansett. Passamaquoddy. Miꞌkmaq. These are just some of the indigenous nations of the land now called New England, the home of that original Thanksgiving dinner that occurred 400 years ago, in the fall of 1621. The myth of that shared meal has evolved over the centuries, depicting friendship and cooperation between the English settlers in Plymouth, Massachusetts and the Wampanoag people who had been there for at least 10,000 years. While that gathering was peaceful, it was at best a token respite from the European settler colonists’ genocide against native peoples that was already well underway. While families gather across the country for this year’s Thanksgiving celebration, frontline indigenous communities that have survived centuries of violence, displacement and systemic racism remain in resistance, defending land, water and their very existence.

    • Hardware

      • Ken Shirriff Breaks Open The Yamaha DX7 | Hackaday

        For better or worse, this synthesizer was king in the 1980s music scene. Sure, there had been synthesizers before, but none acheived the sudden popularity of Yamaha’s DX7. “Take on Me?” “Highway to the Dangerzone”? That harmonica solo in “What’s Love Got to Do With It?” All DX7. This synth was everywhere in pop music at the time, and now we can all get some insight from taking a look at this de-capped chip from [Ken Shirriff].

        To be clear, by “look” that’s exactly what we mean in this case, as [Ken] is reverse-engineering the YM21280 — the waveform generator of the DX7 — from photos. He took around 100 photos of the de-capped chip with a microscope, composited them, and then analyzed them painstakingly. The detail in his report is remarkable as he is able to show individual logic gates thanks to his powerful microscope. From there he can show exactly how the chip works down to each individual adder and array of memory.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

    • Integrity/Availability

    • Defence/Aggression

      • Opinion | True Measures of Justice Goes Beyond Verdicts in the Rittenhouse or Arbery Trials
      • “They Should Have Shot More Students:” From Kent State to Kenosha

        Joy or glee at the killing and wounding of those who differ with the opinions and actions of some within and outside of the governments and the apparatus of empire of the US goes way back in our history. Readers need only view the horrific photographs of the crowds enjoying the spectacle of lynchings in the US South during the first half of the 20th century and beyond to have that premise validated. Now, with the far right a clear and present danger in the US, both in government and at street level, there is a minority that plans and enjoys murder, to paraphrase the late Israeli scientist Israel Shahak. The minority of those who protest injustices is increasingly in grave danger. Jacob Blake was not the first Black person shot by officials of the government, in his case the police, and he was far from the first person of color in US history whose shooting was cheered by those with hate in their hearts and guns and ropes in their hands.

        The words self-defense appeared from a relative on my Facebook feed within hours of the verdict freeing Kyle Rittenhouse in Wisconsin. Self-defense is the cause célèbre of police who kill unarmed civilians in many cases with impunity. Self-defense was on the lips of some of those in the Ohio National Guard in 1970, when they killed and wounded students. Self-defense was on the lips of Kyle Rittenhouse.  I know something about the military-style semi-automatic rifle Rittenhouse used to kill two protesters in Wisconsin, who were protesting the shooting of Jacob Blake (New York Times, October 26, 2021). The US government taught me how to become a sharpshooter with this kind of weapon and its lethality is so monstrous that the thought of taking a rifle like this to a demonstration and then claiming self-defense is more than obscene! It was the weapon (semi-automatic military assault rifles) of choice at Sandy Hook Elementary School, Columbine High School, at a concert in Nevada, and in countless other public places. Second Amendment/self-defense: Bullshit! A person with this kind of military-style semi-automatic rifle is pretty much invincible. And as if in some bizarre accident of time and place, the military also taught me how to use the M-! rifle, the weapon of choice on the battlefields of World War II and the weapon that the Ohio National Guard used against unarmed protesting students at Kent State.

      • We’re Spending Money on War When We Could Be Building Roads

        As a Navy spouse of 10 years and counting, my life offers an up-close view of our country’s priorities when it comes to infrastructure and government spending.

      • Did the CIA kill JFK? Oliver Stone on his explosive new film
      • Let’s Talk Turkey: Glen Ford Carves Up the American Empire

        Well, that’s how I read the energy and intention of Ford’s “No More American Thanksgivings,” the opening evisceration of the mightiest, whitiest American holiday of them all. His screed is a triumphant tonic,  a P’au Revere trumpet blast to open  Black Agenda (OR Books, 2021). Ford begins his carve-up of the butterball day traditionally associated with the beginning of the Christmas shopping period (Black Friday), with some nastiness. Smallpox blankets that would make Wuhan blush. Stolen corn from gravesites probably filled with victims of that smallpox, leaving a wide open area, reminiscent, later, of a trailer park swathe. Indian heads on totemic poles. Indians sold into slavery and sent to Caribbean. Ford sums it up with words of Governor John Winthrop, “This day forth shall be a day of celebration and thanksgiving for subduing the Pequots.”

        In 2003, Ford writes, for The Black Commentator (a forerunner to Black Agenda Report),

      • The Problem of Sanctions Against North Korea

        These sanctions have contributed to isolating North Korea from the rest of the world. The country has not entirely welcomed this isolation. Despite longstanding suspicions of outside influences, Pyongyang has shown considerable interest in engaging with the West and with the global economy more generally. Economic sanctions have severely limited this interaction.

        There is currently little political support in the United States for lifting sanctions against North Korea. Despite claims to the contrary, the Biden administration has settled into the same de facto policy of “strategic patience” adopted by the Obama administration. The new administration has not even reversed the Trump administration’s re-designation of North Korea as a state sponsor of terrorism.

      • Takeover of German manufacturer: Rheinmetall re-enters the drone business

        Equipping the German Army’s reconnaissance force with new LUNA drones seems to be secured, so a sale of the insolvent German manufacturer to Israel is off the table. The Bundeswehr has also commissioned a study for kamikaze drones, such a system is also offered by Rheinmetall.

      • November 25, International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women
      • ‘No More Violence, No More Silence!’: Women Worldwide Demand End to Gender-Based Abuse

        Leaders at the United Nations and civil society groups marked the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women on Thursday to highlight the global scourge of gender-based violence that has escalated during the last 20 months of the Covid-19 pandemic and which only focused and urgent action can help bring to an end.

        “In all of our own neighborhoods, there are women and girls living in danger.”

      • Coalition Against Stalkerware Celebrates Two Years of Work to Keep Technology Safe for All

        Stalkerware makes it possible to intrude into a person’s private life and is a tool for abuse in cases of domestic violence and stalking. By installing these applications on a person’s device, abusers can get access to someone’s messages, photos, social media, geolocation, audio or camera recordings (in some cases, this can be done in real-time). Such programs run hidden in the background, without a victim’s knowledge or consent.

        This year, the Coalition welcomed new supporters like INTERPOL and members, among them CyberPeace Institute; Gendarmerie Nationale; the Gradus Project; Kandoo; Luchadoras; the Florida Institute for Cybersecurity Research; National Center for Victims of Crime (US); North Carolina A&T State University’s Center of Excellence for Cybersecurity Research, Education, and Outreach; Refuge UK; Sexual Violence Law Center (US), and The Tor Project. 

        Fulfilling one of the founding missions, the Coalition’s partners in July launched a new technical training on stalkerware aimed at helping increase capacity-building among nonprofit organizations that work with survivors and victims, as well as law enforcement agencies and other relevant parties. In addition, the Coalition has put together a revised page with advice for survivors who suspect they may have stalkerware on their device.

      • Coordination by Europol: Special Intervention Units train with drone carrying explosives and robot dog

        Since this year, the ATLAS network has had a Support Office at Europol, with which the police agency coordinates cross-border operations of units from Schengen states. Most of the money from the coming budget will again go to police forces from Germany.

    • Environment

      • Energy

        • Electric Car Delusions

          Things, however, had changed. COP26, pressure from other countries, and potential electoral pressure within traditional Coalition seats, had made the prime minister shift his position.  In a joint press release from the Prime Minister and Energy Minister Angus Taylor, the government promised, as part of the Future Fuels Fund investment, $250 million on vehicle charging and hydrogen fuelling infrastructure; heavy and long-distance vehicle technologies; commercial fleets and household smart charging.

          In terms of numbers, 400 businesses, 50,000 households will be affected, and 1000 public charging stations created.  With an eye towards private investment, the hope is that there will be over $500 million “of combined private and public co-investment directed into the update of future fuels in Australia and the creation of more than 2,600 new jobs.”

        • Consumers Getting Hosed at the Pump Again

          Despite the longstanding propaganda about “energy independence,” the simple truth is that we have been betrayed by lawmakers who once again kow-tow to the demands of the oil and gas industry.

          You’d have to be a certain age to remember the Arab oil embargo of 1973-74 and the scenes of Americans waiting in long lines to get gas before the stations ran out — which many did. The Arab members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) quadrupled the price of its oil and simply stopped all oil shipments to the United States and other nations that supported and re-supplied Israel during the 1973 Yom-Kippur Arab-Israeli War.

      • Wildlife/Nature

        • Killer Apes and Global Ecocide

          Crucially, this also means that we are descendants of the chimpanzees and not of the neighbors next door – the bonobos, who were mistakenly also known as pygmy chimpanzees, once. Essentially, our chimpanzee ancestors are very different from the bonobos who have never been just a little version of chimpanzees.

          Our departure from chimpanzees marks not only the fact that we are part of the Warrior Apes, it also marks us out as being closely linked to the wrong crowd – the chimpanzees, and not the bonobos. While both appear similar in look and size, chimpanzees and bonobos are very different when it comes to the way they live.

    • Finance

      • ’Tis the Season for DeJoy’s Removal

        The Thanksgiving holiday weekend opens the most demanding season of the year for America’s postal workers. Last year, according to the United States Postal Service, “13 billion letters, cards, and packages were processed and delivered under some of the most difficult circumstances we’ve faced in the past century.” This year, postal workers will again provide outsize service to this country, while continuing to face unprecedented challenges.

      • What Would Have Worked Better Than Building Back Anything

        But the most serious problem is the tendency of those voters who do vote to nonetheless identify themselves with one of the lousy candidates and parties and its statements and actions year-in-and-year-out so that a larger phenomenon than lesser-evil voting is total lesser-evil existing. The extremely rare individual actually votes with his or her nose appropriately pinched, containing the voting to a single moment while rejecting the hype and keeping a free mind every other day.

        This problem is compounded by, and its prevalence exaggerated by, the tendency of commentators to invent explanations for votes based only on who was voted for and not on who was voted against — and certainly not on what would have been voted for had it been anywhere to be found.

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • Opinion | Pundits Want You To Think Biden’s Low Approval Rating Means Democrats Should Move Center

        Recent polls show that President Joe Biden’s approval rating has declined significantly since he took office.

      • Dialogue of the Deaf: Debating Ted Koppel on Communism

        By late afternoon in Los Angeles, Tracy called from New York. I’d be on with Angela Davis and Melor Sturua, a Russian columnist for Izvestia on leave at the Carnegie Endowment.

        I drove east across Los Angeles toward the ABC studio. At the studio they make me up and sit me down. The drill with Koppel is that you look into a camera and listen to your earphone. You can’t see what’s happening on the show. You have to keep looking at the camera because you don’t know when Koppel, the only person who can see all the people on the show, who controls everything, is going to call on you. Swivel your eyes away from the camera and millions will think you’ve got something to hide.

      • These Biden Nominees are Foxes Guarding Industry Henhouse

        The nomination of Vilsack in 2008 by then-President-elect Obama was lauded by industry players such as the Corn Refiners Association, the National Grain and Feed Association and biotech organizations. In fact, Vilsack, a former governor of Iowa, “was named Governor of the Year by the Biotechnology Industry Organization, an industry lobbying group,” reports Wikipedia.

        Vilsack did not disappoint.

      • The Chilean Elections, 50 Years After How to Read Donald Duck

        We never anticipated that our essay would become an international best seller, translated into dozens of languages. It had been born, quite modestly, as a way of participating in the unique Chilean experiment of building socialism, for the first time in history, through electoral and nonviolent methods, without eliminating our adversaries. This meant that the government of Salvador Allende, which had captured the presidency in September 1970, would have to win the battle for public opinion in a situation of considerable inequality, since most of the media was in the hands of the enemies of the revolution.

        In this struggle to define Chile’s identity and leave behind the obstacles and prejudices of the past, the Allende government had acquired an important asset: the most important publishing house in the country. Renamed Quimantú (“sun of knowledge” in Mapuche), it gave our peaceful revolution the means to bring out millions of books at inexpensive prices, as well as an assortment of magazines, including children’s and adult comics that would have to compete for readers in a market saturated with foreign products. If we were to devise progressive alternatives, it was urgent to probe how those imported stories worked, and Armand and I therefore set out to analyze the most popular comics in Chile—and in the world: those generated by the immense corporation founded by Walt Disney.

    • Freedom of Information/Freedom of the Press

      • Democracy Now! at 25: Celebrating a Quarter-Century of Independent News on the Frontlines

        Democracy Now! first aired on nine community radio stations on February 19, 1996, on the eve of the New Hampshire presidential primary. In the 25 years since that initial broadcast, the program has greatly expanded, airing today on more than 1,500 television and radio stations around the globe and reaching millions of people online. We celebrate 25 years of The War and Peace Report with an hour-long retrospective, including highlights from the show’s early years, some of the most controversial interviews, and groundbreaking reports from East Timor, Standing Rock, Western Sahara and more.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • Humanitarians Demand End of ‘Hostile’ UK Policies After 27 Migrants Perish in English Channel

        Over two dozen migrants—including young children—attempting to cross the English Channel from France perished at sea Wednesday, sparking outpourings of grief and renewed demands that both the U.K. government and leaders across Europe end their woeful immigration policies that force desperate individuals and families to risk ever more dangerous and deadly journeys to attain refuge, asylum, or a better life.

        “How many more times must we see people lose their life trying to reach safety in the U.K. because of the woeful lack of safe means to do so?”

      • How I Fight Racism in the World and Within Me

        Before the murder of George Floyd, I didn’t focus on racism I had experienced. Floyd was just a normal Black man trying to get through another day, like my father, uncle, or older cousins. It had infuriated me enough to see that I couldn’t ignore any more of the microaggressions I often faced, and I had to take a long look in the mirror. This story was produced for Student Nation, a program of the Nation Fund for Independent Journalism, which is dedicated to highlighting the best of student journalism. For more Student Nation, check out our archive or learn more about the program here. StudentNation is made possible through generous funding from The Puffin Foundation. If you’re a student and you have an article idea, please send pitches and questions to [email protected]

    • Monopolies

      • Human Rights Defenders Threaten Legal Action Against Countries Fueling Vaccine Inequality

        More than a year after South African and Indian officials first proposed waiving intellectual property barriers for Covid-19 treatments and vaccines, human rights lawyers and advocacy groups on Thursday threatened legal action against the governments of several wealthy countries that are opposing the waiver.

        “The consequences of a failure to adopt the TRIPS waiver could be millions of lives.”

      • Patents

      • Copyrights

        • Filmmakers Want ISP to Share Personal Info of Thousands of Pirates

          As part of an ongoing lawsuit, a group of independent movie companies wants Colorado-based Internet provider WOW! to disclose the personal details of thousands of persistent pirates. The filmmakers also request the option to file separate lawsuits against these alleged pirates, but that clearly goes a step too far for the Internet provider.

        • Online Piracy Increases Among Young Finns, But Legal Consumption is Up Too

          It is often said that the only workable long-term solution to the piracy problem is making content widely available at a fair price. A new study from Finland finds that an increasing number of people are indeed turning to legitimate options. While overall piracy levels are generally static, tech-savvy young people are again bucking the trend.

IRC Proceedings: Thursday, November 25, 2021

Posted in IRC Logs at 2:56 am by Needs Sunlight

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Bulletin for Yesterday

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IRC Proceedings: Wednesday, November 24, 2021

Posted in IRC Logs at 2:39 am by Needs Sunlight

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11.25.21

Links 25/11/2021: PHP 8.1.0 Released and Linux 5.15.5

Posted in News Roundup at 9:34 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • Where Can You Buy a Preinstalled Linux Laptop?

        Linux has become a perfectly capable and easy-to-use operating system, but where can you actually buy a Linux laptop? You won’t find them in big box stores, aside from Chromebooks. Fortunately, that’s less of an issue as more of us do our shopping online. Now it’s only a matter of knowing where to look and what to look for.

        Here is a list of large corporations, smaller companies, and resellers that are happy to sell you a laptop with Linux preinstalled.

    • Server

      • Amazon Linux 3 To Be Based On Fedora Community Linux

        Amazon Web Services (AWS) released an early version of its upcoming distro, Amazon Linux 3, which is based on Red Hat’s Community Linux, Fedora.

        With Fedora as upstream, the new Amazon distro, AL2022 is extremely stable after extensive package stability tests and contains all available security updates. In addition, it is optimized for Amazon EC2 and integrates seamlessly with the latest AWS features and many AWS-specific tools.

        The brand new Amazon Linux also includes frequent and flexible quarterly updates, as each AL2022 update matches a specific version of the Amazon Linux package archive. Updates are only required if the user wants to make a move and not if a new version is released.

      • Amazon Linux 2022 Was Recently Opened to Public Preview

        The cloud provider will let you run many Linux distributions or their own homebrew Linux, Amazon Linux 2022.

        Amazon Linux 2022 (AL2022) is an Amazon’s new general purpose Linux for AWS that is designed to provide a secure, stable, and high-performance execution environment to develop and run your cloud applications. The distro has had two major releases till now – the first (Amazon Linux) in 2010, and the second (Amazon Linux 2) in 2017.

        Amazon Linux is popular among AWS users for its tight integration with AWS tools, and no license costs. That combination is a clear pitch for the AWS users to also use the upcoming AL2022 if they want full AWS experience.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Applications

      • A shortcuts editor for Xfce and a couple of other things

          As you may know, I’m the maintainer of xfce4-terminal and a developer for Thunar. It just so happens that both of these programs have a ton of shortcuts. Until now, there was no GUI for changing shortcuts. Users had to manually edit the `accels.scm` file which is doable yet cumbersome.

          Additionally xfce4-terminal, being a terminal emulator, has the problem of its shorcuts colliding with the shorcuts of terminal applications, rendering them unusable. To fix that issue users needed to once again dive into the `accels.scm` file and change the default shortcuts manually.

          That is why I created a new widget called XfceShortcutsEditor in libxfce4ui. Applications that use XfceGtkActionEntries for their accelerators can easily integrate that editor in their UI and enjoy the benefits without any additional complexity.

      • BlueGriffon compiled but is broken

        Oh wow, finally got the WYSIWYG HTML editor BlueGriffon to compile, and run, here it is…

      • Richard Hughes: New LVFS redirect behavior

        tl;dr: if you’re using libfwupd to download firmware, nothing changes and everything continues as before. If you’re using something like wget that doesn’t follow redirects by default you might need to add a command line argument to download firmware from the LVFS.

        Just a quick note to explain something that some people might have noticed; if you’re using fwupd >= 1.6.1 or >= 1.5.10 when you connect to the LVFS to download a firmware file you actually get redirected to the same file on the CDN. e.g. downloading https://fwupd/download/foo.cab gets a redirect to https://cdn.fwupd/download/foo.cab which is then streamed to the user. Why this insanity?

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to install Aseprite on Linux

        Aseprite is a pixel-art program that users can use to create 2D animations for video games. It is paid software, and users can purchase the product via the official website. However, the source code is also available for free. Here’s how to install Aseprite on Linux.

      • How to convert images on Linux with XnConvert

        Aseprite is a pixel-art program that users can use to create 2D animations for video games. It is paid software, and users can purchase the product via

      • How to install TWS on a Chromebook

        Today we are looking at how to install Interactive Brokers TWS on a Chromebook. Please follow the video/audio guide as a tutorial where we explain the process step by step and use the commands below.

      • How to Install Python 3 or Python 2 on Ubuntu 20.04 – Linux Nightly

        Ubuntu is a great distro for developers. Python programmers will need to install Python on the system before it’s possible to code programs and run Python scripts on Ubuntu.

        This tutorial will show you how to install Python 2 or Python 3 on Ubuntu 20.04.

      • How To Install VNC Server on Debian 11 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install VNC Server on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, VNC stands for Virtual Network Computer. This is a graphical desktop sharing system that uses the Remote Frame Buffer protocol (RFB). Those who are not comfortable with the command line, use VNC to let them use a keyboard and mouse to interact with a graphical desktop environment on a remote server.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the VNC Server on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

      • Install OBS Studio 27.1.3 on Fedora 35/34 [NVIDIA NVENC Xorg (X11) / XWayland] [stable / edge] – If Not True Then False

        This is guide howto install OBS Studio 27.1.3 [stable / edge] on Fedora 35/34 [Xorg or Wayland support]. OBS Studio is free and open source software for video recording and live streaming. I use here Snapcrafters (Snap) version of OBS Studio, which is community-supported modified build of OBS Studio. Screen capture in a Wayland session is at least available edge channel, in video I test here options to use NVIDIA NVENC with Xorg (X11) / XWayland.

      • How to install and configure Wildfly on CentOS 8 – Unixcop the Unix / Linux the admins deams

        WildFly (formerly known as JBoss) is an application server written in Java and developed by Red Hat. It is an open source application server for JEE applications, it is fast and lightweight and particularly efficient for web and business applications.

        The technology behind WildFly is also available in JBoss Enterprise Application Platform 7.

        JBoss EAP is a hardened enterprise subscription with Red Hat’s world-class support, long multi-year maintenance cycles, and exclusive content.

      • How to run Prometheus with Podman – NextGenTips

        Prometheus is an open-source system monitoring and alerting toolkit. Prometheus collects and stores its metrics as time-series data. Metrics information is stored with the timestamp at which it was recorded, alongside optional key-value pairs called labels.

        In this tutorial we are going to learn how to run Prometheus with Podman.

      • How to Install PuTTY on Ubuntu 22.04 | 20.04 LTS – Linux Shout

        Learn the steps and commands to install free PuTTY on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy JellyFish and 20.04 Focal fossa using Terminal to get a free SSH and telnet client.

    • Games

      • Steam Adds Linux Support for DLSS, 24 More Games | Tom’s Hardware

        Valve has updated its Proton solution – the piece of software that’s meant to bridge the divide between Windows and Linux gaming — to version 6.3-8. Following the company’s announcement of the Steam Deck handheld gaming device, Valve has been doubling down on its Proton efforts, because the Linux-powered gaming device is going to need a robust game library to compete.

        The new version of Proton brings Linux support to a number of games that were previously locked out of the Linux ecosystem. Crucially, some BattleEye-infused games are now also supported — the gap between Linux and Windows gaming environments seems to be shrinking even in anti-cheat solutions, whose support is crucial for a device that aims to enable AAA and eSports gaming on the go. Games such as Conan Exiles, DayZ, Planetside 2, and PlayerUnknown’s Battlegrounds (and others) all require BattleEye suppport.

      • NVIDIA DLSS for DX11 & DX12 Games Now Available on Linux via Proton

        As promised last month, following the initial release of NVIDIA DLSS on Linux via Valve’s Proton with compatibility for Vulkan games like DOOM Eternal, Wolfenstein Youngblood, and No Man’s Sky, the new version of Proton (6.3.8) released yesterday added NVIDIA DLSS support for DirectX 11 and DirectX 12 games.

        Needless to say, that’s by far the largest group of games compatible with NVIDIA’s Deep Learning Super Sampling technology out of the over 130 games and apps that support it. For example, out of the most recent DLSS additions, Deathloop, Back 4 Blood, Battlefield 2042, Marvel’s Guardians of the Galaxy, Grand Theft Auto: The Trilogy – The Definitive Edition, Alan Wake Remastered, F.I.S.T.: Forged In Shadow Torch, Bright Memory Infinite, Jurassic World Evolution 2, Chivalry II, The Elder Scrolls Online, Swords of Legends Online, Hot Wheels Unleashed, and Assetto Corsa Competizione are all DX11 and/or DX12 titles. Only Crysis Remastered Trilogy, Rise of the Tomb Raider, Shadow of the Tomb Raider, and Baldur’s Gate III support Vulkan.

      • Linux Gaming with Ubuntu Desktop Part 1: Steam & Proton

        The holidays are coming, and if you’re anything like me that means only one thing: The Steam Autumn Sale is live!

        A few years before joining Canonical as the Ubuntu Desktop Product Manager, I was a video game producer (with at least one of my titles getting a native Linux port you’ll be pleased to hear). So improving the gaming experience on Ubuntu is high on my to-do list. With the Linux user base on Steam breaking the 1% ceiling earlier this year- which may or may not be related to the upcoming Linux-based Steam Deck– 2022 is shaping up to be a great year for Linux gaming!

        In the first of a mini-series of blogs, I wanted to break down some of the easiest ways to get started with gaming on Ubuntu. With part 1 we start with the obvious; Steam (and Proton).

    • Distributions

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Red Hat Bolsters Partner Ecosystem to Accelerate Data Science Pipelines Across the Open Hybrid Cloud

          Red Hat, Inc., the world’s leading provider of open source solutions, today announced the availability of Red Hat OpenShift Data Science as a field trial, as well as an expanded partner ecosystem focused on this new cloud service offering. As leading artificial intelligence and machine-learning (AI/ML) partners support the service, Red Hat customers are provided with a range of solutions optimized for Red Hat OpenShift, letting them select the technologies to best meet their specific machine learning needs across the open hybrid cloud and edge computing environments.

        • Command Line Heroes: Season 8: Humans as Robot Caretakers

          People often distrust robots. But can robots trust humans?

        • Diversity in the Tech Industry: ‘We Have a Long Way to Go’

          This week, host Connor Craven interviews Laurie Krebs, CFO and SVP at Red Hat, about where the tech industry can be more diverse, how it can improve its diversity, and what the future holds for the movement.

          Hello, and welcome to 7 Layers. Where every episode we look at the different technologies that connect our world. From literal wires in the ground, to switches and routers, and all the way up to the exploding amount of smart devices around us.

        • The Inside Playbook

          Edge computing and networking is not specific to any industry; all of these scenarios span many different types of organizations. However, all edge scenarios have one common factor: creating and consuming data resources that are geographically distributed. As a final objective we want to analyze, consume or react to data to fulfill our customer and business needs.

    • Devices/Embedded

      • Open Hardware/Modding

        • ESP32 Brings Air Purifier Online With Home Assistant | Hackaday

          A lot of hackers are rightfully concerned about the privacy issues that surround many of today’s “smart” gadgets, but it’s hard to argue that the ability to remotely control devices around your home isn’t convenient. Enter self-hosted, open source projects like Home Assistant. This provides the framework for building out a home automation system without having your soul information sold, but as you might expect, you’re going to have to put some effort in to get the most of it.

        • N-Gage Controller Uses All The Buttons | Hackaday

          If there’s anything you can guarantee about a video game system, it’s that in 20 years after one suffers a commercial failure there will be a tiny yet rabid group of enthusiasts obsessed with that system. It’s true for the Virtual Boy, the Atari Jaguar, and of course, the Nokia N-Gage. For those not familiar, this was a quirky competitor of the Game Boy Advance that was also a cell phone. And for that reason it had more buttons than a four-player arcade cabinet, which has led to things like this custom controller.

          Most N-Gage gaming these days takes place on emulators, this build is specifically built for the emulator experience. The original system had so many buttons that it’s difficult to get even a standard 102-key keyboard mapped comfortably to it, so something custom is almost necessary. [Lvaneede], the creator of this project, took some parts from an existing arcade cabinet he had and 3D printed the case in order to craft this custom controller. The buttons he chose are a little stiff for his liking, but it’s much better than using a keyboard.

        • PicoMite Gives Your Pico A Deluxe BASIC | Hackaday

          What makes developing a microcontroller project quick and easy? Tops on our list are an interactive shell and comprehensive libraries that handle all the low-level peripheral stuff. You think we’re talking MicroPython? Not today! MMBasic has just been ported to the Raspberry Pi Pico dev board, and it has all the batteries included.

          Just to give you a taste, it has built-in support for SD cards, all sorts of displays, touch screens, real-time clocks, IR remotes, numerous sensors, and of course WS2812 LED strips. And because all of this is baked into the BASIC, writing code to use any of these peripherals is straightforward.

        • Build Your Own HP41C | Hackaday

          There was a time when engineers carried slide rules. Then there was a time when we all carried calculators. Sure, calculators are still around, but you are more likely to use your phone. If you really need serious number crunching, you’ll turn to a full computer. But there was that awkward time when calculators were very important and computers were very expensive that calculators tried to be what we needed from full-blown computers. The HP41C was probably the pinnacle of that trend. If you’ve ever had one, you know that is a marvel of the day’s technology with alphanumeric capabilities and four plug in ports for more memory or ROMs. It really was a little hand-held computer. Didn’t have one? Don’t worry, you can now build your own. In fact, the HP emulator will also act like an HP15C or 16C, if you prefer.

          You can see the device in action in the video below. As you might expect, this version uses a through-hole ATMEGA328 and even at 8 MHz, the emulation is faster than the original calculator. The machine also has over double the memory the original calculator had along with a real-time clock built-in. The display is also backlit, something we all wanted in the original.

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Web Browsers

        • Mozilla

          • Mozilla Open Policy & Advocacy Blog: Mozilla reacts to new EU draft law on political advertising online

            The European Commission has just published its draft regulation on the transparency of political advertising online. The draft law is an important step towards increasing the resilience of European democracies for the digital age. Below we give our preliminary reaction to the new rules.

            We’ve long championed a healthier ecosystem for political advertising around the world, whether its by pushing for stronger commitments in the EU Code of Practice on Disinformation; uncovering the risks associated with undisclosed political influencer advertising on TikTok; supporting efforts to limit political microtargeting; or pushing platforms to effectively implement their Terms of Service during electoral periods. We’re glad to see that in its draft law the European Commission has taken on board many of our insights and recommendations, and those of our allies in the policy community.

      • Productivity Software/LibreOffice/Calligra

        • CODE 21.11 delivers key features for secure, easier and faster online document collaboration

          Collabora announces the availability of Collabora Online Developer Edition CODE 21.11. This major new release targets the three key areas: ease of use, performance and interoperability. The release demonstrates the company’s mission to the technology leader in collaborative editing. Collabora Online businesses the most effective and secure document creation environment with dedicated support and depth of development horsepower.

          CODE 21.11 is the herald of the next major business supported Collabora Online release. This free developer version includes all features and enhancements that will be available in our enterprise version, expected early December. CODE releases allows everyone to learn about new features early.

      • Content Management Systems (CMS)

        • CMSes & static site generators: why I (still) chose WordPress for my business websites – The Open Sourcerer

          Not everything is perfect of course. As of 2021, on the performance front, getting consistent and reliable caching working with SuperCache is a mindboggling experience, full of “mandelbugs” (like this one); in my case, each of my websites has at least some (or all) of the caching behavior not working (whether it is some pages never being able to generate cache files, or the cached files not being retained, no matter what you do and what combination of voodoo incantation and settings you use), but maybe someday someone will complete a heavy round of refactoring to improve the situation (maybe you can help there?) and things will Just Work™. But for now, I guess I’ll live with that.

          All in all, it is only from 2019 onwards, after much research (and much technological progress in general), that I found myself with enough tooling to make this work in a way that would meet my expectations of design & workflow flexibility, and therefore feel confident enough that this will be my long-term solution for a particular type/segment of my websites. My personal website (of which this blog is only a subset) still is hand-coded, however, because it “does the job.”

          Years ago, someone once told me that whenever someone in your team decides to write your company’s website from scratch (or using some templating system), they “inevitably end up reimplementing WordPress… poorly.”

          So yeah. We’re using WordPress.

      • Programming/Development

        • PHP

          • 25 Nov 2021: PHP 8.1.0 Released

            The PHP development team announces the immediate availability of PHP 8.1.0. This release marks the latest minor release of the PHP language.

          • PHP 8.1 Released With Fibers, Enumerations, Read-Only Properties & Much More – Phoronix

            PHP 8.1.0 was just officially released as the latest annual feature update to this widely-used, server-side programming language.

            PHP 8.1 finally introduces the notion of “enums” or enumerations for a custom type that is a discrete number of possible values. PHP enums can be used anywhere an object can be used.

          • Remi Collet: PHP version 8.1.0 is released!

            RC5 was GOLD, so version 8.1.0 GA is just released, at planed date.

            A great thanks to all developers who have contributed to this new major and long awaiting version of PHP and thanks to all testers of the RC versions who have allowed us to deliver a good quality version.

            RPM are available in the remi-php81 repository for Fedora ≥ 33 and Enterprise Linux ≥ 7 (RHEL, CentOS, Alma, Rocky…) and as Software Collection in the remi-safe repository.

  • Leftovers

    • Surfboard Gets Jet Upgrades | Hackaday

      Surfing is a fun and exciting sport but a lot of beginners can get discouraged with how little time is spent actually riding waves while learning. Not only are balance and wave selection critical skills that take time to learn, but a majority of time in the water is spent battling crashing waves to get out past the breakers. Many people have attempted to solve this problem through other means than willpower alone, and one of the latest attempts is [Andrew W] with a completely DIY surfboard with custom impeller jet drives.

      The surfboard is hand-made by [Andrew W] himself using a few blocks of styrofoam glued together and then cut into a generic surfboard shape. After the rough shaping is done, he cuts out a huge hole in the back of the board for the jet drive. This drive is almost completely built by [Andrew] as well including the impeller pumps themselves which he designed and 3D printed. The pair of impellers are driven by some beefy motors and a robust speed controller that connects wirelessly to a handheld waterproof throttle to hold while surfing. Once everything was secured in the motor box the surfboard was given a final shaping and then glassed. The final touch was an emergency disconnect attached to a leash so that if he falls off the board it doesn’t speed away without him.

    • Inverted Pendulum Balanced On A Drone | Hackaday

      [Nicholas Rehm] works during the day at the Applied Physics Laboratory at John Hopkins, Maryland, so has considerable experience with a variety of UAV applications. The question arose about how the perseverance mars rover landing worked, which prompted [Nicholas] to hang a rock under his drone, attached via a winch. This proved to be interesting. But what is more interesting for us, is what happens when you try to attach an inverted pendulum to the top of a drone in flight? (video embedded, below)

      This is a classic control theory problem, where you need to measure the angle of the pendulum with respect to the base, and close the loop by calculating the necessary acceleration from the pendulum angle. Typically this is demonstrated in one dimension only, but it is only a little more complicated to balance a pendulum with two degrees of freedom.

    • Education

      • Surviving the Right-Wing Assault on Education

        Shedding Neutrality and Staying Online: How Teachers Can Survive the Threat of Right-Wing Nationalism in School – Guest Blog by Leah Rosenzweig

        A recent article by the editors of Rethinking Schools recalls an 1867 Harper’s Weekly editorial which invoked the phrase: “The alphabet is abolitionist,” meaning during the denial of literacy under the “slavocracy,” merely learning or teaching others to read and write was in itself an abolitionist act.

        Educators have always been vulnerable to the threat of white nationalism—what with their main duty being the enhancement and diffusion of knowledge, a great, if not the greatest, weapon of all (just look at how fearful the idea of teaching formerly enslaved people to read made white supremacists during reconstruction).

        Now — 150 years later — white supremacism has evolved, not only as an intrusion to the way teachers relay facts or clarify concepts or ideas, but as a threat to the very stasis of the classroom, as kids are becoming influenced by back-alley online movements that promote nationalism, anti-Semitism, and misogyny. And so, while teachers don’t and shouldn’t create incognito accounts on 4chan, they should try to stay current with right-wing Internet trends, so that they’re able to catch things like hand symbols and disconcerting research paper citations.

    • Hardware

      • Find Your Way In The Starry Skies With DobsonianDSC | Hackaday

        An obvious problem with the use of a telescope is getting the former to point at the proper part of the sky which you intend to observe, or vice versa when you spot something interesting and wish to record the exact location. While all of this can be done manually with some trouble, there’s a lot to be said for automating this process. Unfortunately these Digital Setting Circles (DSC) features are not cheap even as add-on, which is why [Vladimir Atehortúa] created DobsonianDSC as a low-cost DIY solution.

        As the name suggests, this project is based around a Dobsonian-style telescope: Newtonian tube with simple altazimuth base. Aside from the mechanical construction, this system uses an ESP32 as its controller along with two rotary encoders, with the simple circuit detailed in a build guide. The firmware for the ESP32 is written in the Arduino C dialect, and a guide for flashing the ESP32 with the Arduino IDE and connecting it to the WLAN is provided as well.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Security

          • Linux 5.15.5

            I’m announcing the release of the 5.15.5 kernel.

            All users of the 5.15 kernel series must upgrade.

            The updated 5.15.y git tree can be found at:
            git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux-stable.git linux-5.15.y
            and can be browsed at the normal kernel.org git web browser:

            https://git.kernel.org/?p=linux/kernel/git/stable/linux-s…

            thanks,

            greg k-h

          • What does the Product Security and Telecommunications Infrastructure bill mean for me?

            The UK’s Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) introduced a bill to Parliament yesterday. But what does that mean for IoT manufacturers and consumers?

            First, this bill has been a long time coming. Many people have been lobbying and working hard to create it. Industry and others with vested interests had to be consulted, draft guidance had to be produced and then acceptable wording had to be agreed.

            Numerous researchers including us have been exposing and drawing attention to poor smart product security too.

            I’ve expressed concern along the way at attempts from industry to water it down, but the bill as it stands is a good first step towards enforcing IoT security.

            [...]

            Banning default passwords will help mitigate issues such as the problem with Sky routers we exposed recently.

          • Book Review: Designing Secure Software

            Designing Secure Software (Amazon, No Starch Press) by Loren Kohnfelder is one of the latest entries in No Starch Press’s line of security books. This book stands out to me for two big reasons. First, this is one of the most mindset-centric books I’ve seen (which means it is likely to age better than a lot of more technically-specific books). Second, this book caters to developers more than security professionals (but don’t take this to mean it’s only for developers), which is definitely a distinguishing feature from so many other security books.

          • 4 Certificate Authorities to use with Let’s Encrypt SSL certificates

            It’s obvious from the foregoing that I’m not in favor of the switch to the ZeroSSL CA as the default, so which of the other three would I recommend? I still use the Let’s Encrypt CA, but Buypass’s certificates have a longer lifetime – 180 days, compared to 90 days for the other CAs. When next I have to issue a new certificate or renew an existing one, I wouldn’t mind specifying Buypass as the CA.

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