11.30.21

IRC Proceedings: Monday, November 29, 2021

Posted in IRC Logs at 2:58 am by Needs Sunlight

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Enter the IRC channels now


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 QmdscT3TBKJPCYUqWK9YKSpJgMKvr53kPmoiN5A14ckYMq IRC log for #boycottnovell-social
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 QmdGvEQ4xTWdiuMaJaS9HS5pRih4WQZWKhL8HnMb2174Df IRC log for #boycottnovell-social
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 QmZ8K4pNazQFjMRXtQesHGDxSJBDrEuMCgLav9pEMPwbGn IRC log for #techbytes
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 QmScPRkZzWeUK5AgySWJrMNQxwcwWRc5rrnNnFZoejEdX4 IRC log for #techbytes
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Bulletin for Yesterday

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11.29.21

Links 29/11/2021: NuTyX 21.10.5 and CrossOver 21.1.0

Posted in News Roundup at 6:01 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • It’s Time More Linux Distros and DEs Become ‘Linus-Proof’

        The past few weeks have rattled the desktop Linux community.

        Popular tech YouTuber Linus, not Torvalds but Sebastian, decided to use Linux on desktop for a month. Linus Sebastian wanted to see if Linux has gotten to the point where it is user friendly enough that any tech nerd can pick it up and run? His focus was also on gaming on Linux because PC gaming is an area Sebastian covers a lot.

        That’s an interesting concept and many in the Linux community got excited because it was free publicity for desktop Linux to a wider tech audience.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • How a performance boost in Linux kernel for one family of Intel chips slowed its latest Alder Lake processors

        The mixture of performance and efficiency CPUs in Intel’s 12th-gen Core processors, code-named Alder Lake, hasn’t just been causing problems for some Windows gamers – it almost led to complications for Linux.

        Phoronix’s Michael Larabel noticed a performance hit in the kernel a fortnight ago – in a work-in-progress release candidate, we should stress – and a fix for the scheduling code landed a little later. It turned out the kernel suffered on Alder Lake chips due to a performance-enhancing tweak for another Intel processor family: the multiple-Atom-core-based Jacobsville.

        This year, Intel officially canned its Lakefield chips. These consisted of a performance core called Sunny Cove as well as Atom-class efficiency cores dubbed Tremont. Crucially, there are still multi-Tremont-core embedded processors out there, such as Snow Ridge. These are server and infrastructure-oriented components with up to 24 cores.

        The first proposed cut of kernel 5.16, specifically 5.16-rc1, contained a revision to the scheduler that makes it aware that some clusters of cores share a block of L2 cache – as seen in Snow Ridge and Jacobsville.

      • Testing the Linux Kernel CephFS Client with xfstests

        I do a lot of testing with the kernel cephfs client these days, and have had a number of people ask about how I test it. For now, I’ll gloss over the cluster setup since there are other tutorials for that.

      • Major Rewrite Of Linux’s FS-Cache / CacheFiles So It’s Smaller & Simpler – Phoronix

        As part of David Howells of Red Hat long-term work on improving the caching code used by network file-systems, he today posted a big patch series rewriting the fscache and cachefiles code as the latest significant step on that adventure.

        Howells posted a set of 64 patches for rewriting the kernel’s fscache and cachefiles code. Linux’s fsache is a general purpose cache used by network file-systems while cachefiles is for providing a caching back-end for mounted local file-systems. The Red Hat engineer has been working on this rewrite for more than the past year.

    • Applications

      • System Monitoring Center is an Ideal Task Manager & Resource Monitor for Linux

        Graphically monitoring the system resources may not be the best experience on Linux. The system monitoring tool that comes baked in with your desktop environment might limit the details.

        For instance, GNOME’s system monitor does not display the CPU frequency and temperatures.

        In addition, the default system monitor applications available for Linux usually aim for simplicity instead of providing detailed insights.

      • Best Open Source Gantt Chart Software for Linux

        Gantt chart is the simplest way to assign resources, manage timelines, and visualize dependencies.

        It helps you to avoid confusion and cut unproductive events.

        With a glance, you can have all activities, allocated assets, and the scheduled dates of each.

        While a Gantt chart is a must for any complex project, in general, you need this project management tool…

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • So this is why Deepin requires so much disk space for installation – LinuxBSDos.com

        Deepin is a desktop Linux distribution with roots in China. It is based on Debian, but ships with its own graphical interface called Deepin Desktop Environment and a set of Deepin-developed tools to go with it. The last version I installed was from 2015, so since I’m gradually coming back to writing for this blog, I decided to test drive the latest edition – Deepin 20.3, which was released on Nov. 25.

        For me that means installing it in a virtual environment using VirtualBox. For such installations I typically assign the virtual disk 20GB of disk space. And so it was with Deepin 20.3. But that didn’t end well because at some point the installation failed, with the message shown in Figure 2: “You need at least 64 GB of disk space to install Deepin. To get better performance, 128 GB.”

      • 13 exercises to boost your Linux skills | Enable Sysadmin

        Work through this Linux fundamentals checklist to make sure you’re ready for whatever comes your way at home, at work, or on certification exams.

      • BASH 01 – Script Basics | Linux.org

        This article is the first in a series of articles to cover Bash Scripting. More articles will follow which will build on each other, so make sure you look over each article. It is preferable to read the articles in order (which is why I will number them).

        Scripting is a very useful ability for someone using Linux. Making scripts is especially useful for Administrators. Everyone should benefit from Bash Scripting.

        Bash is the most common shell interpreter on Linux systems. When you open a Terminal, you are in an interactive shell environment. To verify that your system is using the Bash shell using the command: ‘echo “$SHELL”‘.

      • What’s the Difference Between Exposing and Publishing a Docker Port? – CloudSavvy IT

        Exposed and Published container ports are two different but related concepts in Docker. Exposed ports are defined in your Dockerfile as simple metadata. You must publish them when your container starts if you want to enable outside access.

      • How to set up high-refresh rate monitors on Linux

        Do you have a high refresh rate monitor? Are you running Linux? Can’t quite figure out how to change the refresh rate? We can help! Follow along with this guide as we go over how to change the refresh rate on popular Linux desktop environments!

      • How to Install pgAdmin 4 on CentOS 8 – NextGenTips

        In this tutorial guide, I will be taking through the installation of pgAdmin 4 version 6.2 on CentOS 8

        pgAdmin 4 is a free and open-source management tool for Postgres. Its desktop runtime written in NWjs allows it to run standalone for individual users, or the web applications code may be directly deployed on a web server for use by the web browser.

        pgAdmin 4 is a complete rewrite of pgAdmin, built using Python and Java.

      • How to Update to MATE Desktop 1.26 on Ubuntu 21.04

        Ubuntu MATE is a more retrospective version of Ubuntu, one that largely lets you continue using Ubuntu in the way it functioned over a decade ago. But despite how things may look, updates do continue to roll out for the MATE desktop environment that is Ubuntu MATE’s namesake.

        The latest iteration is MATE 1.26. Here’s how you can update the MATE desktop in Ubuntu 21.04 to the latest version.

      • How to Change a Users Shell in Linux – Unixcop the Unix / Linux the admins deams

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to change the shell of a user in Linux.

        The shell is a program that accepts and interprets commands. there are several shells such as bash, sh, ksh, zsh, fish and many other lesser known shells available on Linux.

        Bash is a Unix shell and command language for the GNU Project as a free software replacement for the Bourne shell. First released in 1989,it has been used as the default login shell for most Linux distributions.

      • How to use shutdown command with examples – Unixcop the Unix / Linux the admins deams

        “Shutdown” refers to the process of stopping and shutting down a computer or server. This involves cutting the power to the main components of the system using a controlled process. Applications are closed, active processes and protocols are saved to the hard drive, device drivers are removed, and user settings are saved in the process.

        There are several options to do so, including scheduling a shutdown at a specific time, shutting down immediately, broadcasting a unique message, and so on.

      • How to Install MySQL Database on Ubuntu 20.04 | RoseHosting

        MySQL is an open-source relational database management system (RDBMS), it’s widely used and part of the popular LAMP/LEMP stacks. The data is organized in one or more tables in which the data types may be related to each other and MySQL uses SQL Structured Query Language to manage its data.

        Considering its part of the LAMP/LEMP stack it is used by many database-driven web applications such as WordPress, Magento, Drupal, and Joomla.

        Today we will install MySQL on our server and create a database and user with chosen permissions on this database, let’s get started!

      • How to install deepin 20.3 – Invidious

        In this video, I am going to show how to install deepin 20.3

    • Games

      • The Trials And Tribulations Of SLA Printing A Portable Wii Handheld | Hackaday

        The G-Boy kit revolutionized the subculture around building portable home consoles, allowing an entire Wii to be crammed into a form factor the size of a original Game Boy. [Chris Downing] is no stranger to the field, and sourced a G-Boy kit of his own to build it to the best of his abilities. (Video embedded after the break.)

        However, he wanted to step up above the FDM-printed parts of the original kit. Thus, he contacted the kit developer Gman, who provided him with the 3D model files so he could attempt a higher-quality SLA print himself. [Downing] had some experience with SLA printing in the past with the Form 2, but found some unique challenges on this build with the Form 3.

      • Announcing CrossOver 21.1.0

        Hi folks,

        I’m thrilled to announce that we have released CrossOver 21.1 for macOS, Linux and Chrome OS!

        In addition to a suite of fixes for a variety of applications, CrossOver 21.1 also includes some pretty cool enhancements. We’re very excited about them, and we hope you will be too.

        Our big reveal for this release is much-awaited support for Grand Theft Auto V (including GTA Online) on both macOS and Linux. Starting with CrossOver 21.1, you can now run Grand Theft Auto V via either the standalone Rockstar Games Launcher or Steam.

      • CrossOver 21.1 Released With GTA V Support, Restores Outlook 2016 & 365 Support – Phoronix

        CodeWeavers is kicking off the new week by releasing CrossOver 21.1 for Linux, macOS, and Chrome OS users wanting to enjoy Windows games and applications.

        CrossOver 21.1 finally has working Grand Theft Auto V support (GTA Online is working as well) for both Linux and macOS. GTA V could already work with Steam Play’s Proton but hadn’t worked with CrossOver or upstream Wine. This CrossOver support works both via Steam or the standalone Rockstar Games launcher.

        CrossOver 21.1 also has a number of macOS-specific improvements, including support for macOS 12 “Monterey” and getting more Windows games working nicely on macOS.

      • Ubisoft encourages fans to show interest in ‘Rainbow Six Siege’ Steam Deck support

        On November 20, a Rainbow Six Siege fan shared a post on the Ubisoft discussion board asking about the possibility of Proton support for the game when the Steam Deck releases, as it runs a Linux-based operating system.

        “Recently, Steam has announced that BattleEye will work with proton on an opt-in basis from game developers,” said Garlic_Kasparov. “R6: Siege is definitely a game I want to play, but unfortunately can’t as I use Linux. This thread is to express concern and voice support for enabling Proton support for R6 Siege as I would love to see it be done.”

        Proton is the compatibility layer that allows Windows games to be run on a Linux device, and as the Steam Deck is Linux-based, Siege and several other games won’t be able to run properly without Proton.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • Dockeye – New Graphical App to Manage Docker Containers / Images in Linux | UbuntuHandbook

          Running applications via Docker in Ubuntu Linux? Dockeye is a free open-source tool to manage your containers and images via a graphical user interface.

          Dockeye is written in Rust programming language. It provides a dark UI (light mode is also available) that list Docker containers and images in tabs. For each container, it provides options to control start, stop, pause, and remove operations.

          User may also check the detailed information about a container, including ID, image, maintainer, labels, environment, network info, CPU, Memory and other system resource usage. And, app running log is available in tab for debugging purpose.

    • Distributions

      • New Releases

        • NuTyX 21.10.5 available with cards 2.4.140

          The NuTyX team is happy to announce the new version of NuTyX 21.10.0 and cards 2.4.138.

          The xorg-server graphics server version 21.1.1, the Mesa 3D library in 21.2.5, Gtk4 4.4.0 and Qt 5.15.2.

          The python interpreters are en 3.10.0 et 2.7.18.

          The XFCE desktop environment is updated to version 4.16.

          The MATE desktop environment is a 1.26 version .

          The GNOME desktop environment is also updated to version 40.1.1

          The KDE desktop environment is available in Plasma 5.23.3, Framework 5.88.0 and applications in 21.08.3.

          Available browsers are: Firefox 94.0.2, Chromium 96.0.4664.45, Epiphany 40.3, etc

          Many desktop applications have been updated as well like Thunderbird 91.2.0, Scribus 1.5.7, Libreoffice 7.1.5.2, Gimp 2.10.28, etc.

      • SUSE/OpenSUSE

        • Adaro Energy optimizes business efficiency with SUSE Ed: SUSE is shilling SAP’s proprietary software as is typical]

          “The deployment of SAP S/4HANA on SLES for SAP Applications is an important step that provides real-time analytics for business insights throughout the enterprise, thereby aiding agile monitoring and decision making.” Eka Suharto Head of IT Adaro Energy.

        • SUSE joins the Graviton Launch | SUSE Communities

          AWS Graviton is an amazing technology. Custom built 64-bit Arm processors that helps to optimize price performance for a variety of cloud workloads running in Amazon EC2. Compared to general-purpose instances, Graviton delivers major cost savings for scale-out applications such as web servers, containerized microservices, data/log processing and much more.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Workforce development – we’re leveling the playing field for good IT jobs

          I’m part of a grassroots team at Red Hat that came up with an idea to solve both problems at once. Introduced in August 2021, the Red Hat workforce development program allows colleges and universities to help non-degree seeking students, who may want to change careers, enter the IT industry via certification or get an IT certification.

        • How to build stronger teams in 2022: 10 must-read books | The Enterprisers Project

          The pandemic tested IT teams in entirely new ways and shed new light on the importance of taking care of employees’ very human needs in a difficult time. As former Best Buy CEO Hubert Joly recently wrote for the Harvard Business Review, that attention will shift to higher level needs like clarity, truth, connection, and growth.

          Leading and managing teams may take more nuance in this remade work environment, so we’re recommending ten books to help you build stronger teams for the days ahead, from better understanding (and even celebrating) the very human nature of teams to fostering high-performing teams in distributed environments to making the shift from team member to leader.

        • When the open source ecosystem thrives in the cloud: IT leader insights

          Software is eating the world and open source has become the default way to build software. Public cloud has accelerated the proliferation of open source technologies, and has led to an adjustment in both the enterprise procurement and monetization of software. After a few years of seismic realignment (the aftershocks are still reverberating through the ecosystem), we have reached a point where there are paths for software vendors to partner with or live in the marketplaces of the hyperscalers, says Jerry Chen, a venture capitalist at Greylock. Chen has a long history with open source – he was on the VMware team that made Cloud Foundry an open source project, and later funded Docker as a VC – and has written a series of articles called Castles in the Cloud. I recently spoke with him as part of Red Hat’s livestreaming show, In The Clouds.

        • Digital transformation: Are you working toward the right goals?

          For any digital transformation project to succeed, you need a well-laid-out road map, a clear objective, and bite-sized goals to mark the milestones. And it’s important to put those plans into action and measure their success against the pre-defined relevant metrics.

          The pandemic made the pace of digital transformation a key performance metric by making it urgent for enterprises to embrace and accelerate digital. Now it’s time to think beyond speed and measure the success of digital transformation against metrics that align with business goals.

          Here are five key digital transformation metrics that hold value for enterprises across industries.

        • Automating content management in Red Hat Satellite 6.9 with Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform: Planning the workflow

          There are hundreds of thousands of tasks required to administer a large fleet of servers. Automation can take some of the more mundane tasks off your plate. As an example, once you have built your Standard Operating Environment (SOE) and need to manage the care and feeding of it, you may want to run this through an automation pipeline to get the grunt work done while you are focused on more critical tasks.

          So let’s look at automating the initial publication of our monthly content in Red Hat Satellite.

        • Red Hat Developer roundup: Best of November 2021 | Red Hat Developer

          November brought a full plate of new features written by developers working at Red Hat, and we are here to share the harvest. Keep reading for some of our reader’s top picks and a few we really like, including updates for Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.5 and Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 Beta and developer guides to choosing your best Java garbage collector, building machine learning models in the cloud, bringing Kubernetes workloads to the edge, and so much more.

        • More Features Begin Lining Up For Fedora 36 – Phoronix

          With a few weeks having passed since the Fedora 35 debut, more feature work and planning around next spring’s Fedora 36 are underway.

          Already accepted for Fedora 36 are some of the usual package updates that come as little surprise for living on the bleeding-edge. Among those updates are the likes of Autoconf 2.71, Java OpenJDK 17 as the system JDK, PHP 8.1, OpenSSL 3.0, and others.

          Some of the planned changes for Fedora 36 include using DNS-over-TLS where supported, replacing FBDEV kernel drivers with SimpleDRM, DNF/RPM copy-on-write enablement for all variants when running on Btrfs, and more. This Wiki page continues tracking the Fedora 36 changes that have been approved by the Fedora Engineering and Steering Committee (FESCo).

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • Ubuntu Weekly Newsletter Issue 711

          Welcome to the Ubuntu Weekly Newsletter, Issue 711 for the week of November 21 – 27, 2021. The full version of this issue is available here.

        • Launch Ubuntu Desktop on Google Cloud

          This tutorial shows you how to set up a Ubuntu Desktop on Google Cloud. If you need a graphic interface to your virtual desktop on the cloud, this tutorial will teach you how to set up a desktop environment just like what you can get on your own computer.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Best 8 Open-source Email clients for Android

        An email client app is responsible for accessing your email messages on the server from your device.

        Mail clients are available for desktop, or can even come in a self-hosted web-based form, which the user can install and use on their own servers local or remote.

        We have covered self-hosted email client apps and open-source email servers in previous articles.

      • Create your own YouTube alike website with MediaCMS

        MediaCMS is released as an open-source project under AGPL-3.0 License.

      • The Apache Weekly News Round-up: week ending 26 November 2021

        We’re wrapping up another great week with the following activities from the Apache community…

      • Apache Month in Review: September 2021
      • SaaS/Back End/Databases

        • Top 13 Open-source SQLite Database clients and managers

          SQLite is an embedded lightweight database engine, first appeared 21 years ago and was released as an open-source project under the Public domain.

          It is widely used as a client-side database in the browser, for desktop applications, and mobile apps.

          Some web frameworks come with built-in support for SQLite, like Django (Python).

          SQLite is famously used by big enterprises like Adobe, Microsoft, Airbus, Apple, Google, and more.

          SQLite is part of Android and Google Chrome/ Chromium Web browsers.

        • PostgreSQL Weekly News – November 28, 2021

          Nordic PGDay 2022 will be held in Helsinki, Finland at the Hilton Helsinki Strand Hotel on March 22, 2022. The CfP is open through December 31, 2021 here

      • FSFE

        • Children‘s book published about software, skateboards, and raspberry ice cream

          Today, 29 November, O’Reilly Germany publishes the book “Ada & Zangemann – A fairy tale about software, skateboards and raspberry ice cream” written by FSFE President Matthias Kirschner and illustrated by Sandra Brandstätter, among other things, character designer for the series “Trudes Tier” from the show “Sendung mit der Maus”.

          The famous inventor Zangemann lives in a huge villa high above the city. Adults and children alike love his inventions and are desperate to have them. But then something happens: when Zangemann once again wants to take a close-up look at his inventions during a walk through the cityand with a loud thud, a child riding a skateboard hits him in the shin! Enraged, the inventor makes a momentous decision… The clever girl Ada sees through it all. Together with her friends, she forges a plan.

      • Programming/Development

        • Automating Mobile Games With A Robot Arm | Hackaday

          My Singing Monsters is one of those mobile titles that has users play simple games to earn coins and gems in the usual way. [Anykey] found that his son was a fan of the game, but that sometimes it felt a little rigged. Thus, rather than waste time playing themselves, he set up a robot to do the job for them.

        • Dima Kogan: GL_image_display

          I just spent an unspeakable number of days typing to produce something that sounds very un-impressive: an FLTK widget that can display an image. The docs and code live here. The big difference from the usual image-drawing widget is that this one uses OpenGL internally, so after the initial image load, the common operations (drawing, redrawing, panning and zooming) are very fast. I have high-resolution images in my projects, and this will make my tools much nicer.

        • Anyone can compile open source code in these three simple steps | Opensource.com

          There are many ways to install software, but you get an option not available elsewhere with open source:

        • Perl/Raku

          • Rakudo Weekly News: 2021.48 Raku at FOSDEM 2022

            Good news from the FOSDEM organizers: there will be an online Raku DevRoom at FOSDEM 2022. Please stay tuned for more information on how to make sure you can get a presentation in. And of course, this should not prevent you from submitting a presentation to any of the other tracks to spread the word of the Raku Programming Language. Such as the Declarative and Minimalistic Computing track to name but one example.

          • gfldex: Symmetric code

            While reading Arne`s solution for Challenge #140.2, I spotted a nested simple loop.

    • Standards/Consortia

      • But Think Of The (World Wide) Users! | Hackaday

        History is full of stories about technology that makes sense to the designer but doesn’t really fit the needs of the users. Take cake mixes. In 1929, a man named Duff realized that he could capitalize on surplus flour and molasses and created a cake mix. You simply added water to the dry mix and baked it to create a delicious cake. After World War II General Mills and Pillsbury also wanted to sell more flour so they started making cakes. But sales leveled out. A psychologist who was a pioneer in focus groups named Dichter had the answer: bakers didn’t feel like they were contributing to the creation of the cake. To get more emotional investment, the cake mixes would need to have real eggs added in. Actually, Duff had noticed the same thing in his 1933 patent.

        It is easy to imagine a bunch of food… scientists? Engineers? Designers?… whatever a person inventing flour mixes in the 1930s was called… sitting around thinking that making a mix that only requires water is a great thing. But the bakers didn’t like it. How often do we fail to account for users?

  • Leftovers

    • Hardware

      • Wireless LEDs Aren’t Really Magic | Hackaday

        [Atomic14] bought some wireless LEDs that receive power from a base station. They were very neatly packaged, but — we like it — he took one apart and made his own versions. They may not look as polished, but they work and they are undeniably cool.

        The LEDs work by receiving power from an induction coil. Once you have power, lighting up an LED is no big deal. Reverse engineering found the transmitter sends 217 kHz into a 2.2 mH inductor. A capacitor resonates the coil and drives the attached LED.

        Some experiments found that the circuit could supply about 2 mA -3 mA of current. [Atomic14] used two LEDs to get work out of each half of the AC waveform. He also dissects the transmitter, so you could roll your own there, too.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • How to Search DuckDuckGo From the Linux Terminal [Ed: MakeUseOf irresponsibly suggests to GNU/Linux users that they use surveillance site and Microsoft proxy to search things; as if it’s a geek’s tool; DuckDuckGo is an elaborate scam, a privacy fraud, an expensive ploy that poisons sites with bribes]
        • Security

          • The other victims of FluBot: How cybercriminals exploit WordPress to distribute malware

            Netcraft has to date identified nearly 10,000 websites used in the distribution of the FluBot family of Android malware. As detailed in our previous articles on FluBot, these sites are unwittingly hosting a PHP script that acts as a proxy to a further backend server, allowing otherwise legitimate sites to deliver Android malware to victims. When visited by the intended victim, a “lure” is displayed that implores them to download and install the FluBot malware.

            The most common lure themes are parcel delivery and voicemail messages, where the user is told to install the malicious app to track a parcel or listen to a voicemail message. One particularly interesting lure took advantage of FluBot’s infamy, by offering a fake “Android security update” that claimed to protect against the malware family. Users installing this “security update” would instead be infected with FluBot.

          • A masterclass in responding to vulnerability disclosure: The Buddi app and tracker | Pen Test Partners

            The Buddi tracker https://www.buddi.co.uk/ is used for tracking elderly and vulnerable people. It’s a GPS/GSM-based clip-on device that reports wearer position to an app via a platform. It means that the wearer can easily be found by their carer or the emergency services, should they become lost and unable to make their own way home. The device also features a panic button that automatically calls their carer and allows the wearer to speak to them.

            The device is popular in the care market, allowing the wearer a greater degree of independence and the ability to live independently for longer. The business behind Buddi has recently listed successfully on the UK AIM stock market (AIM:BIG), reflecting significant growth in the tracking markets in both UK and US.

          • Security updates for Monday

            Security updates have been issued by Debian (bluez, icu, libntlm, libvorbis, libvpx, opensc, roundcube, and tar), Fedora (kernel, kernel-headers, kernel-tools, puppet, slurm, stargz-snapshotter, and suricata), openSUSE (netcdf), Oracle (bluez, kernel, kernel-container, krb5, mailman:2.1, openssh, python3, and rpm), Red Hat (samba), and SUSE (xen).

          • Cyber Security Today, Nov. 29, 2021 – Ikea under phishing attack, evasive JavaScript loader discovered and malware found hiding in Linux calendars [Ed: Linux is a kernel, it does not do "calendars"]

            Ikea under phishing attack, evasive JavaScript loader discovered and malware found hiding in Linux calendars.

          • Awesome Linux Tools: Lynis from CISOfy – Invidious

            In this episode of Awesome Linux Tools, the spotlight is on Lynis – a really awesome utility you can use to get a better understanding of the overall security hygiene of your server. In this video, Jay will show you how to install it, and also how to run an audit.

          • CronRat Magecart malware uses 31st February date to remain undetected | IT PRO

            Security researchers have discovered a Linux-based remote access trojan (RAT) that uses an unusual stealth technique to remain out of sight from security products.

            The malware, dubbed CronRat, hides in the calendar subsystem of Linux servers (“cron”) on a non-existent day, 31 February, according to a blog post by security researchers at Sansec.

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • Personal data bill not enough to protect citizens’ rights: Advocacy group | Business Standard News

              A proposed legislation does not prioritise the rights of Indians over their data in the public and has instead expanded to areas beyond its ambit and without sufficient consultation, senior executives at digital rights organisation Access Now have said.

              The Personal Data Protection (PDP) legislation–in the making since 2018—will be tabled in Parliament’s Winter Session beginning Monday. Reports and dissent notes filed by the members of the Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) deliberating the Bill suggest several changes from its initial draft in 2019. Social media seems to have been included in the legislation.

              “Based on the reports so far and the details shared by MPs involved in the process, it is clear that this is not currently the Privacy and Data Protection law that India needs. The current draft does not adequately protect people’s right to privacy and autonomy or enable strict accountability, particularly from the government,” said Raman Jit Singh Chima, Asia Pacific Policy Director and Senior International Counsel, and Namrata Maheshwari, Asia Pacific Policy Counsel, at Access Now.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • NSO blacklisting: It is time for the US to end its Cold War ways | Privacy | Al Jazeera

        On November 3, the United States Department of Commerce announced it was blacklisting the Israeli technology firm, NSO Group. The decision to add the company to a list of entities engaging in activities contrary to US national security or foreign policy interests was momentous.

        In its press release on the subject, the commerce department noted: “[there is] evidence that these entities developed and supplied spyware to foreign governments that used these tools to maliciously target government officials, journalists, businesspeople, activists, academics, and embassy workers. These tools have also enabled foreign governments to conduct transnational repression, which is the practice of authoritarian governments targeting dissidents, journalists and activists outside of their sovereign borders to silence dissent. Such practices threaten the rules-based international order.”

    • Misinformation/Disinformation

      • India’s parliamentary panel calls for a regulator for Facebook, Twitter, South Asia News & Top Stories – The Straits Times

        An Indian parliamentary panel has recommended setting up a regulator to oversee social media companies including Facebook (now known as Meta) and Twitter, and make them liable for posts by unverified accounts.

        The recommendation comes as Facebook is facing scrutiny over its role in the 2020 Delhi riots, even as new allegations emerge about the company’s troubles in its largest market.

        The high-level parliamentary committee made those recommendations on Monday, asking for tighter rules to treat them as publishers, and for personal data to come under better protection, Bloomberg reported.

    • Digital Restrictions (DRM)

      • Samsung Bricks Smart TVs

        Earlier this Fall, a Samsung warehouse in South Africa was robbed and the thieves got away with a quantity of smart televisions. Samsung proceeded to implement a little-known feature called “TV Block” which is installed on all of their TV products. The serial numbers of the stolen TV sets are flagged in their servers, and if one of these sets tries to connect the internet in the future, it will recognize that it is stolen and proceed to brick itself, disabling all television functionality.

        So while this real-life scenario makes sense, it is a bit alarming to realize the implication of such a feature — the manufacturer can reach into your TV and disable it from afar. One can assume that Samsung won’t abuse this capability, because acting otherwise would harm their reputation. In a press release, Samsung announced that any consumers whose sets were incorrectly bricked can have their sets un-bricked after demonstrating proper ownership.

This Apt Has Super Dumbass Powers. Linus Sebastian and Pop_OS!

Posted in FUD, GNU/Linux at 3:11 pm by Guest Editorial Team

Guest post by Ryan, reprinted with permission from the original

The “tech media” including It’s FOSS, have been on a tear about Linus Sebastian breaking a copy of Pop_OS! by doing something incredibly stupid with it.

Linus Sebastian is a Youtube personality who is not a GNU/Linux or Free Software expert. He mostly (~99.9% and maybe then some) deals with Windows, and he decided to “review” a “Linux” distribution from the POV of a gamer.

Fair enough. GNU/Linux runs many games, either native, Steam, or with some TLC in a copy of Wine or Proton.

Unfortunately, Mr. Sebastian chose a very odd GNU/Linux distribution called Pop_OS!, which is produced by System76.

They’re known for packaging a distribution with bugs. GNOME and GTK developers even had to explain the “problem with themes” because of them (tl;dr, GTK doesn’t have themes, and this hacked up theme Pop_OS! shipped caused visual corruption in GTK apps and GNOME), so it’s little wonder that Pop_OS! managed to break Apt as well.

See, when Mr. Sebastian told Apt to install Steam, it warned that it would remove system packages that were vital to running GNOME or even using a graphical login to the system, and Apt (being from Debian, where such a situation is almost unheard of) stopped him from breaking his system. It said that, to continue breaking the system, you had to type “Yes, do as I say!” after explaining that the system, would indeed, be broken.

So he did it and his system broke. What a complete shock.

Then instead of reporting it as a Pop_OS! bug, he and other bloggers picked up on it to pretend there was something wrong with Linux (which is a kernel), GNU/Linux distributions, Apt, and everything except what the problem was.

Pop_OS! isn’t a very good OS, and Linus Sebastian told it to break his system.

See, had Pop_OS! not been based on Ubuntu, which is in turn based on Debian, and had Pop_OS! and Ubuntu not both done crazy stuff to the system, the package manager wouldn’t have gotten fouled up like that.

Pop_OS! didn’t bother to update their own copy of some 32-bit x86 dependencies, and so Apt found a solution. It could downgrade to the Ubuntu version, but to do so, it had to remove packages from GNOME and other things that couldn’t co-exist with that version.

Had he stopped where he was, or had just been using Debian, or even Ubuntu, then this would never have happened.

Pop_OS! will now patch their Debian to have “stupid dumbass mode” because of Linus Sebastian, where you have to put a special file somewhere to enable “Yes, do as I say.”, which shouldn’t even have come up except that they’re shipping a broken fork of a broken fork of Debian, and Linus Sebastian appears to be some sort of anti-GNU/Linux troll looking for Youtube hits.

I have literally never looked at Pop_OS!, nor have I recommended it to anyone. The fact that the OS is based on Ubuntu should kind of be a hint that it won’t end well.

Just because a distribution is out there doesn’t mean that the developers know what they are doing. I’ve probably seen more distributions get big things wrong than get almost everything right.

Pop_OS isn’t the first and probably won’t be the last.

For Steam’s part, Valve doesn’t make very good software. I went over SteamOS a while back, and why not to use it. If the only thing installing it with Flatpak did was prevent it from being a hazard to the system, you should use Flatpak if you really want it.

[Meme] Trying to Appease Provocateurs and Borderline Trolls

Posted in FUD, GNU/Linux at 2:18 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Last year: Bryan Lunduke is Still 100% Trolling With His Facts-Free Provocation ‘Masterpiece’ Called ‘Linux Sucks’

It’s Time More Linux Distros and DEs Become ‘Linus-Proof’

I can't play my Windows things and gadgets

Summary: GNU/Linux isn’t just a clone of Microsoft Windows and it oughtn’t be a clone of Microsoft Windows, either; some people set themselves up for failure, maybe by intention

Centralised Git Hosting Has a Business Model Which is Hostile Towards Developers’ Interests (in Microsoft’s Case, It’s an Attack on Reciprocal Licensing and Persistent Manipulation)

Posted in Deception, Free/Libre Software, Microsoft at 1:40 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link | md5sum f61d9673d5ccbe9adaa4a962ab98031c

Summary: Spying, censoring, and abusing projects/developers/users are among the perks Microsoft found in GitHub; the E.E.E.-styled takeover is being misused for perception manipulation and even racism, so projects really need to take control of their hosting (outsourcing is risky and very expensive in the long run)

THIS thing called "Copilot" is weaponising the userbase and codebase Microsoft acquired from GitHub 3 years ago. We took a moment to look at who’s behind it (Microsoft GitHub Exposé — Part VIII) and next Monday we’ll dive a little deeper into those matters.

“Gitlab.com is controlled by one company (indebted to shareholders) and sites that self-host with its software typically use some intentionally-crippled “community” [sic] edition of the same software…”The video above was recorded a couple of hours later to add some personal thoughts; it mentions that GitHub must be stubbornly avoided and GitLab isn’t really a suitable replacement, either. Gitlab.com is controlled by one company (indebted to shareholders) and sites that self-host with its software typically use some intentionally-crippled “community” [sic] edition of the same software, which includes a lot of JavaScript (the Web was supposed to be pages, not some canvas for programs to run on like Flash).

Next week should be interesting because we’re planning to get closer to the scandals which likely resulted in expulsion (they never frame it like that; it would make both the company and the employee look bad, repelling clients/shareholders) of Mr. Friedman [1, 2]. Is his friend still at GitHub? Where is his wife working now? Stay tuned. We have catching up to do.

Links 29/11/2021: FWUPD’s ‘Best Known Configuration’ and Glimpse at OpenZFS 3.0

Posted in News Roundup at 12:50 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • 9to5Linux Weekly Roundup: November 28th, 2021

      This week has been full of great releases, despite the fact that it was Thanksgiving week in the US. We managed to test drive the MX Linux 21 AHS edition, new Deepin Linux, Alpine Linux, Endless OS, IPFire, and Clonezilla Live versions, as well as to update our VirtualBox, LibreOffice, Tux Paint, and Proton installs.

      On top of that, this week brought us a new Linux laptop from TUXEDO Computers targeted at business users. You can enjoy these and much more in 9to5Linux’s Linux weekly roundup for November 28th, 2021, below! Don’t forget to also check out our YouTube channel for the latest reviews.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • Kernel prepatch 5.16-rc3 [LWN.net]

        The 5.16-rc3 kernel prepatch is out for testing. “So rc3 is usually a bit larger than rc2 just because people had some time to start finding things. So too this time, although it’s not like this is a particularly big rc3.”

      • Bootlin contributions to Linux 5.14 and 5.15

        It’s been a while we haven’t posted about Bootlin contributions to the Linux kernel, and in fact missed both the Linux 5.14 and Linux 5.15 releases, which we will cover in this blog post.

        Linux 5.14 was released on August 29, 2021. The usual KernelNewbies.org page and the LWN articles on the merge window (part 1 and part 2) provide the best summaries of the new features and hardware support offered by this release.

      • Richard Hughes: Firmware “Best Known Configuration” in fwupd

        I’ve just deployed some new functionality to the LVFS adding support for component <tag>s. These are used by server vendors to identify a known-working (or commercially supported) set of firmware on the machine. This is currently opt-in for each vendor to avoid the UI clutter on the components view, and so if you’re a vendor reading this post and realize you want this feature, let me know and it’s two clicks on the admin panel.

      • FWUPD Linux Firmware Updater Prepares “Best Known Configuration” Feature – Phoronix

        The Linux Vendor Firmware Service (LVFS) and FWUPD on their great upward trajectory has in recent times been expanding beyond their initial focus of desktop/laptop hardware to supporting more server platforms for firmware updating. The latest feature driven by their growing server interests is “best known configuration” handling for where there are multiple independently-versioned firmware packages for a given system and may be support recommendations or potential version conflicts between the the different firmware packages.

      • OpenZFS 3.0 Introduced at Developer Summit

        The ninth annual OpenZFS Developer Summit took place November 8th and 9th online with iXsystems proudly returning as a Gold sponsor. The OpenZFS community remains vibrant and is continuing to develop features at a rapid pace. This blog summarizes some of the more interesting talks.

    • Benchmarks

      • Amazon Linux 2022 Benchmarks – Offers Competitive Performance Against Ubuntu, CentOS

        Last week Amazon Web Services released Amazon Linux 2022 in preview form and since then I’ve been trying out their new cloud-optimized Linux distribution. It’s been working out well on AWS (to no surprise) but also great was the level of performance provided by this now-Fedora-based distribution.

        Amazon Linux 2022 transitions to being a Fedora-based Linux distribution that AWS intends to support for at least the next five years. Amazon Linux to this point had been based on a combination of RHEL and Fedora packages. Besides shifting the package base to Fedora, AWS engineers have adjusted various defaults of the distribution, employed extra kernel hardening, other package updates/changes, forthcoming kernel live patching, and other alterations in the name of security and AWS performance.

    • Applications

      • Best Free and Open Source Alternatives to Apple Photos

        In 2020, Apple began the Apple silicon transition, using self-designed, 64-bit ARM-based Apple M1 processors on new Mac computers. Maybe it’s the perfect time to move away from the proprietary world of Apple, and embrace the open source Linux scene.

        Apple Photos is a photo management and editing application. It lets you organize your collection into albums, or keep your photos organized automatically with smart albums.

        What are the best free and open source alternatives?

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How To Install Apache Server on Fedora 35 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Apache Server on Fedora 35. For those of you who didn’t know, Apache HTTP is a popular web server for Linux servers. It is a free cross-platform web server that is supported on various operating systems. Developers prefer Apache for its speed, security, reliability, robustness, and ease of customization. In addition, Apache is able to meet the needs of many environments as it allows the installation of various extensions and modules.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the Apache webserver on a Fedora 35.

      • How To Easily Set Up Secure OTA Firmware Updates On ESP32 | Hackaday

        Fortunately, over-the-air (OTA) firmware updates are a thing, allowing embedded devices to be reprogrammed over their wireless data connection instead of with a physical hardware device. Security is of course a concern, and thankfully [Refik] explains how to set up a basic framework so that ESP32 OTA updates can happen securely, allowing one to deploy devices and still push OTA updates in confidence.

        [Refik] begins by setting up a web server using Ubuntu Linux, and sets up HTTPS using a free SSL certificate from Let’s Encrypt, but a self-signed SSL certificate is also an option. Once that is done, the necessary fundamentals are in place to support deploying OTA updates in a secure manner. A bit more configuration, and the rest is up to the IoT devices themselves. [Refik] explains how to set things up using the esp32FOTA library, but we’ve also seen other ways to make OTA simple to use.

      • How To Install UVdesk on Debian 11 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install UVdesk on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, UVdesk is a free, open-source, and SaaS-based helpdesk solution for any business process to deliver the best customer service. It is a simple, flexible, user-friendly, and alternative to other popular support platforms. Uvdesk supports Enterprise service desk features like workflow, Email piping, knowledgebase, Mailbox, Ecommerce and Multichannel Integration.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the UVdesk helpdesk system on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

      • How to Copy Files Between Kubernetes Pods and Your Machine – CloudSavvy IT

        Containers running in Kubernetes Pods are meant to be self-contained compute units that you don’t need to manually interact with. Sometimes you might have to copy files to or from a Pod’s filesystem though, perhaps because you’re debugging a problem and want to archive logs, config files, or caches stored in a container.

        Here’s how to move files between your machine and containers in a Pod, using Kubectl’s built-in transfer feature or a manual alternative.

      • How to Install Firefox Next (Beta) or Firefox Quantum (Nightly) on Linux Mint – LinuxCapable

        Mozilla Firefox is a free and open-source web browser developed by the Mozilla Foundation. Firefox utilizes the Gecko rendering engine to display web pages, which implements current and future anticipated web formats and standards.

        For the most part, Firefox is often up to date with the latest stable release on Linux Mint and Ubuntu-based desktops, however non-stable builds such as beta or the more bleeding edge nightly builds can be installed tested the new features or test your websites before its hits the stable repository.

        For the most part, the beta build is what curious users should be installing, and the nightly build should never be used by anyone other than sysadmins or developers looking to test a particular feature.

        In the tutorial, you will learn how to add and install the beta and nightly build for Firefox using a PPA maintained by the Mozilla team.

      • How to Install Grafana 8 on Ubuntu 20.04

        Grafana is a tool for monitoring, analysis, and visualization of real-time system data. From a series of data collected, we will obtain a graphical panorama of the situation of a company or organization. It generates graphs and dashboards from a time-series database (Graphite, InfluxDB, or OpenTSDB). It also allows you to share them as snapshots with other users.

      • How to Repair File System Errors in Debian Based Systems

        In Linux, using heavy hardware components can be checked and recovered. Specifically, on Ubuntu and Debian systems, finding out the hard-disk bad sectors is easy. Once your hard disk or drive gets some bad sectors or gets corrupted, it gets spread day by day. On Ubuntu and other Debian Linux machines, you can use a few tools or commands to find out the file system errors and repair the errors. Not fixing errors or bad sectors might make your system boot slower and can also affect initialization.

      • How to Securely Transfer Files between Ubuntu Systems Using Croc – VITUX

        Croc is an open-source CLI-based tool that allows to securely transfer files between systems. During file transfer, a code is generated for the sender and the receiver systems to use for end-to-end encryption. Whether the sender and receiver are on the same network or the different networks, Croc can easily and quickly transfer files between them without the need for port forwarding. Croc can be installed and used on Linux, Windows, and MacOS, allowing you to share files between different operating systems.

        In today’s tutorial, we will install Croc to securely transfer files between Ubuntu systems. To install Croc on Ubuntu, you should have root or sudo privileges.

        Note: The procedure has been demonstrated on Ubuntu OS. You can use the same installation procedure for Debian OS.

      • How to Set or Change Hostname in Linux System

        Hostname is the label of a system or in other words it is a human readable name of a system, after setting up the hostname of the device then it becomes easy to manage and access based on their label or hostname.

      • How to Setup SSH Login Without Password

        In this article I will show you how to setup SSH login without passwords in a Linux operating system by using key-based authentication.

        SSH is used to remotely log into servers for running the commands and programs. However, sometimes you might want or even need to automatically log in to an SSH server without entering your username and password.

        The two most popular mechanisms to log into remote systems via SSH are password-based authentication and key-based authentication.

        Username and password combination is the most common authentication method for SSH and is a suitable method for most people. But if you regularly use SSH to connect to remote servers, the key-based authentication method is best for you.

        So, can you SSH without a password? In short, yes! Here’s how to do it.

      • How to create a VPC Peering between 2 VPCs on AWS

        A VPC peering connection is a connection between two VPCs that enables you to route traffic between them. We can create a VPC peering connection between our VPCs, or with a VPC in another AWS account. The VPCs can also be in different regions.

        We can peer the VPCs across accounts to create a network filesystem and we can also use a VPC peering connection to allow other VPCs to access resources we have in one of our VPCs.

      • How to install Travis CI on Ubuntu 20.04 – NextGenTips

        In this tutorial, I am going to take you through the installation of Travis CI on UIbuntu 20.04.

        Travis CI is a hosted continuous integration service used to build and test software projects hosted on Github and Bitbucket. Travis CI provided services to Open-source projects for free.

        Travis CI enables teams to test and ship apps with confidence. You can easily sync your projects with Travis CI. Travis CI automatically detects when a commit is made and pushed to the GitHub repository that is using Travis CI, and each time this happens, it will try to build the project and run tests.

      • How to list all running & stopped Docker containers – Linux Shout

        Docker is the popular platform to run container virtual machines using the pre-built app images. The installation and its usage are pretty simple, yet, if you are new to it and want to know how to list all the created or stopped Docker containers to delete or manage them easily. Then here are the commands to follow.

      • How to monitor domain expiry date using shell script in Linux

        The shell is an interface that helps users to operate the system through different commands, scripts, and utilities provided by Linux and Unix-based operating systems.

        For most of the Linux distros, Bash shell is the popular and default shell. You can identify your current shell using the following command.

      • Getting access to somebody else’s Ansible Galaxy namespace | die-welt.net

        TL;DR: adding features after the fact is hard, normalizing names is hard, it’s patched, carry on.

        I promise, the longer version is more interesting and fun to read!

        Recently, I was poking around Ansible Galaxy and almost accidentally got access to someone else’s namespace. I was actually looking for something completely different, but accidental finds are the best ones!

      • Fedora Magazine: Use Diffoscope in packager workflows

        In the role of a packager, updating packages is a recurring task. For some projects, a packager is involved in upstream maintenance, or well written release notes make it easy to figure out what changed between the releases. This isn’t always the case, for instance with some small project maintained by one or two people somewhere on github, and it can be useful to verify what exactly changed. Diffoscope can help determine the changes between package releases.

        Diffoscope is a “smart binary diff” tool that was born in the Reproducible Builds project in Debian, which is also available in Fedora. It “knows” about various types of text and binary formats, and will try to recursively unpack and compare two blobs. In particular it knows that some objects need to be decompressed before comparing, that archives need to be unpacked, and how to deconstruct binary objects like ELF programs and libraries, Java .jar files, Windows .cab files, etc.

      • A Step-By-Step Guide to Installing Xubuntu 20.04 Linux

        Xubuntu is a popular lightweight Linux distribution that is based on Ubuntu. It ships with an Xfce desktop environment which is light, stable, and highly configurable.

        Being a lightweight distribution, Xubuntu is a perfect choice for users who are running modern PCs with low RAM and CPU resources. It also works quite well on older hardware.

      • How to Install PostgreSQL 14 in Ubuntu 20.04

        There are specific database software attributes that make PostgreSQL stand out against other database platforms. The first and obvious attribute is its open-source nature.

        This PostgreSQL trait puts it on continuous developmental milestones. Both its community and developers seek to evolve PostgreSQL into an enterprise-class performing software.

        Existing PostgreSQL community platforms help users deal with emerging bugs, and also understand its various functionalities and use cases.

        Other PostgreSQL strengths are in its unique functions like Store Procedure, Diverse Indexing Techniques, Flexible Full-text search, Diversified Extension Functions, and Diverse kind of Replication.

      • How to upload an ISO image to the Proxmox Server – Unixcop the Unix / Linux the admins deams

        Hello, friends. We have already shown you how to install Proxmox and we noticed that the process is easier than you might think. Now I will show you how to upload an ISO image to the Proxmox server. To do this, I will use the graphical method or through the terminal.

        With Proxmox we will be able to virtualize systems professionally and to do many things more like cluster, backups, and others. However, to start with the virtualization we have to have an ISO image of the system.

        So, with a server that is far away from our location, how to do it? How to have the ISO image on the server so that Proxmox can manage it? Well, that’s what I will show you today.

        Let’s go for it.

      • How to install FreeOffice 2021 on Ubuntu 20.04 Linux – Linux Shout

        One of the best free alternatives to Microsoft Office is FreeOffice, developed by a German software company- SoftMaker. Recently, they have upgraded their Office suite to version 21. And here we learn the steps to install FreeOffice 2021 version on Ubuntu 20.04 Linux using the command terminal.

        This free office suite is a part of the commercial one from the same developers known as SoftMaker Office 21 (also available for Linux), of course, the premium will have more features but that doesn’t mean the free version- FreeOffice 2021 deprives to full fill all daily office documents (MS-Word alternative) related requirements. It offers a Microsoft office ribbon-like interface and three modules- TextMaker 21 to create documents; PlanMaker 21 to create sheets (Excel alternative) and Presentations 21 for making slides like MS-Powerpoint.

      • How to verify checksum on Linux | FOSS Linux

        A checksum is small-sized data obtained from a block of digital data used to detect errors. The checksum value uses a transmission message to represent bit numbers. Extensively, it has been used and still is in use by IT experts to detect high-level errors that might happen during data transmission. Before transmission, every bit of data is assigned a checksum value after running a cryptographic hash function.

        Checksum sometimes is termed as a hash sum or hash value. It is a long data string that contains various numbers and letters. They work by providing the receiving end information about the data transmission to deliver the full range of data. Checksum acts as a fingerprint for files since it contains a long string of numbers and letters. It aids in obtaining the number of bits included in a transmission.

        Suppose the checksum value calculated by the end-user is slightly different from the original checksum value of the file. In that case, it alerts all parties involved in the transmission that a third party corrupted the file. The receiver can then investigate what went wrong or try re-downloading the file. Standard protocols used to determine checksum numbers are the transmission control protocol (TCP) and the user diagram protocol (UDP). TCP is more reliable for tracking transmitted packets of data, but UDP may be beneficial to avoid slowing down transmission time.

      • How to create and extract cpio archives on Linux Examples

        Although the cpio archiving utility is nowadays used less than other archiving tools like tar, it is still good to know how it works, since it is still used, for example, to create initramfs images on Linux and for rpm packages, which are used mainly in the Red Hat family of distributions. In this tutorial we see how to create and extract cpio archives using the GNU cpio utility, and how to obtain a list of the files they contain.

      • How to hash passwords on Linux

        Passwords should never be stored as plain text. Whether we are talking about a web application or an operating system, they should always be in hash form (on Linux, for example, hashed passwords are stored in the /etc/shadow file). Hashing is the process through which, by the use of some complex algorithms, a password is turned into a different string. Such process is one-way: there is no way to revert an hashed password to its original, plain text form. Hashing often involves the use of random data as additional input for the hash algorithm, so that the same password, hashed two times, doesn’t produce the same result. This random data is called salt. In this tutorial we explore some methods we can use to hash passwords on Linux.

      • A Decade with Jekyll

        Today I’d like to look back on my experience with Jekyll, the static site generator (SSG) that I’m using to publish this site and my other blogs Meta Redux and Emacs Redux. Back in the day Jekyll was a trend-setter – it basically defined the SSG category and every subsequent tool in it was compared to Jekyll. A lot has happened since 2011: [...]

      • ZFS Storage pool layout: VDEVs

        The storage pool of ZFS constitutes one or more virtual devices that are, in general, called vdevs. A Vdev is either a single disk, or two or more disks which mirrors each other, or a group of disks that organizes together. The RAID layout sets on each vdev as opposed to the storage pool. Similarly, data that is present in the storage pool strips across all vdevs which also means that the loss of one vdev would result in pool failure.

      • [Old] The Basic Guide to Working with ZFS

        RAID-Z1 replaces RAID5 in a traditional setup. Performance is pretty equivalent, but the benefit is in some of the features. As mentioned before, you get healing or at least detection of bit rot or a bad sector, it’s a lot easier to set up with mixed drives, etc. RAID-Z2 (equivalent to RAID6) performs better from my experience than any traditional RAID6 setup I’ve used with equivalent drives on an equivalent machine.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • Top 15 Window Managers for Linux

        A window manager is a software responsible for the placement and appearance of windows of various applications. It allows you to use any number of displays and utilize the screen to its full potential. The advantage is that it increases your productivity and improves your multitasking experience. But what exactly can one do with a window manager?

        The article describes some of the best floating and tiling window managers available for Linux.

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • Kalendar Beta v0.3.0 Introduces a Windows Version Along With Essential Improvements

          Kalendar is KDE’s open-source calendar app that is still in development as of now. It could potentially replace the calendar that you get with KOrganizer.

          There have been a few beta releases already. But, with the 0.3.0 beta release, it looks like the Kalendar app might be gearing up to add essential features while heading to its v1.0 release.

          Furthermore, an exciting development follows—a Windows version is also available?

          Let us take a look at it.

    • Distributions

      • Reviews

        • Endless OS Review – Desktop Linux Done Right for the Masses

          We review the popular Endless OS as Linux Desktop with the new features and updates of the latest version 4.0. 

        • Review: LockBox 1.0

          LockBox is one of the most recent additions to the DistroWatch database. LockBox (sometimes referred to as LBX) is a Linux distribution derived from Ubuntu and elementary OS. It is especially intended for storing and managing cryptocurrencies. It includes several hardened configuration changes for security purposes, a highly restrictive firewall setup, several applications designed for data backups, a password manager, and the Brave Internet browser. LockBox is available for x86_64 machines exclusively and its install media is 3.4GB in size.

          In a curious case of life imitating art, the LockBox website currently describes the project using a quote from the DistroWatch information page about the distribution.

          One of the first things I discovered about the distribution is LockBox will not boot in Legacy BIOS mode. A boot menu will appear and begin a countdown from five seconds. When the countdown reaches zero, or when we select any of the boot options, the counter simply resets to five seconds again. The boot menu offers to let us “Try or install elementary OS” or “Check disks for defects” and both options simply reset the boot menu counter. When trying to launch the distribution in UEFI mode, only the Try/Install option is presented and choosing it boots the distribution’s live environment.

          When the live system boots we are shown a graphical window where we can choose our preferred language from a list. We are given the choice to try the live desktop, which loads the Pantheon desktop. Alternatively we can launch the system installer. I’ll talk about the Pantheon desktop later in this review.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • How Ubuntu Boosts Developer Desktop Productivity | Ubuntu

          Seventeen years after its first release, Ubuntu is firmly established as the Linux developer desktop of choice around the world. From education through to enterprise, Ubuntu delivers the tools developers need to succeed across their careers. In this blog, we will cover the main aspects that contribute to this success.

          [...]

          Developers start their careers with Ubuntu, and 69% of student developers reported that they prefer Ubuntu as an OS. It’s not surprising. With Ubuntu, they gain access to the best of open source, including AI/ML frameworks, such as Pytorch and TensorFlow, ROS for robotics and LXD and multipass for virtualisation. Open source technology is now a critical part of any enterprise, and familiarity with open source is a key consideration in hiring.

          As a result, getting new developers onboarded and productive quickly is easier with Ubuntu. It’s a system they’re familiar with. It’s flexible and customisable. And, as an operating system, it spans both the workstation and the cloud, providing a consistent development experience across your technology stack.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Web Browsers

        • Mozilla

          • Mozilla Privacy Blog: Mozilla files comments on UK Data Protection Consultation

            Mozilla recently submitted its comments to a public consultation on reforming the UK’s data protection regime launched by the UK Department for Digital, Culture, Media & Sport. With the public consultation, titled ‘Data: A New Direction’, the UK government set out to re-evaluate the UK’s approach to data protection after no longer being bound by the bloc’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). We took this opportunity to share our thoughts on data stewardship and the role effective regulation can play in addressing the lopsided power dynamics between large data collectors and users.

            For Mozilla, privacy is not optional. It is an integral aspect of our Manifesto, which states that individuals’ security and privacy on the internet are fundamental and must not be treated as optional. This is why privacy is at the core of our product work and why we have long promoted robust data protection in our policy and advocacy work. Further, Mozilla’s Data Futures Lab is exploring alternative approaches to data governance and promoting data stewardship through original research and support to builders.

      • SaaS/Back End/Databases

        • 42 things I learned from building a production database

          In 2017, I went to Facebook on a sabbatical from my faculty position at Yale. I created a team to build a storage system called Delos at the bottom of the Facebook stack (think of it as Facebook’s version of Chubby). We hit production with a 3-person team in less than a year; and subsequently scaled the team to 30+ engineers spanning multiple sub-teams. In the four years that I led the team (until Spring 2021), we did not experience a single severe outage (nothing higher than a SEV3). The Delos design is well-documented in two academic papers (in OSDI 2020 and SOSP 2021). Delos is currently replacing all uses of ZooKeeper at Facebook.

          Here are some of the things I learned as the tech lead for Delos. My intent in publishing this is to help others in similar roles (leading teams that are building new infra at large companies); much of it may not generalize to different settings.

  • Leftovers

    • A Film for Our Time

      What hype? “We’re just doing our job.” What job? Terrorizing an old man because he lives in a NY tenement, and says no? They imagine lurid crimes occurring behind all the cheap slum doors with their many locks and sheet-steel façade reinforcements. It took the cops 40 minutes to break in, to finally invade the apartment of a low income retired black former Marine whose only need for attention was a heart condition. And shoot him to death.

      The name of the film is “The Killing of Kenneth Chamberlain” [Directed by David Midell, Produced by Morgan Freeman and Lori McCreary]. It is about an incident, correctly represented in the film’s title, which occurred in White Plains, NY, on November 19, 2011. You can watch it on YouTube. It has won many film festival awards.

    • YouTube Comments Discontinuation

      I have disabled the ability for people to comment on my YouTube videos directly on YouTube and the rest of this will explain why. If you want to contact me, please email me at [email protected] or any of the other contact methods listed at christine.website/contact.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • Pain Machine

        The American health care system is a notorious disaster. On the one hand, even “good” private employer-based insurance is often a nightmare to actually use, while tens of millions of people have much worse coverage or none at all. At the same time, our system is also incredibly expensive—eating up 17 percent of the US gross domestic product, or nearly twice what peer rich nations spend on average.

      • WHO, South Africa Urge Nations to Lift ‘Naive’ Omicron Travel Bans

        The World Health Organization on Sunday echoed calls by South Africa’s president for countries to eschew travel bans targeting southern Africans amid the spread of the heavily mutated Omicron variant of the coronavirus.

        “The cat’s already out of the bag, so to speak.”

      • Instead of Travel Bans, Let’s Defeat Omicron Variant With Global Vaccination
    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Israel and Iran Broaden Cyberwar to Attack Civilian Targets

          The latest attacks are thought to be the first to do widespread harm to large numbers of civilians. Nondefense computer networks are generally less secure than those tied to state security assets.

          No one died in these attacks, but if their goal was to create chaos, anger, and emotional distress on a large scale, they succeeded wildly.

        • Security

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • [Old] GDMR: this one simple regulation could end surveillance capitalism in the EU

              No, you didn’t misread it and, no, it’s not a typo. GDMR – the General Data Minimisation Regulation – can end surveillance capitalism in the EU.

              The problem is that no such regulation exists.

              So, let’s change that, starting now.

            • [Old] International coalition calls for action against surveillance-based advertising

              In a new report, the Norwegian Consumer Council (NCC) sheds light on the negative consequences that this commercial surveillance has on consumers and society. Together with 55 organizations and more than 20 experts, NCC is asking authorities on both sides of the Atlantic to consider a ban. In Europe, the upcoming Digital Services Act can lay the legal framework to do so. In the US, legislators should seize the opportunity to enact comprehensive privacy legislation that protects consumers.

            • One year of #ProjectPanoptic

              IFF’s Project Panoptic was launched on November 27, 2020 to track and raise public awareness around the rapid proliferation of facial recognition technology (FRT) in India. In this post, we take a look at what we have been able to achieve in the one year since as well as how we aim to take this project forward.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • Opinion | The US Military Does Not Truly Care About Civilian Casualties

        So far, the Democratic-led Senate Armed Services Committee has refused to open an investigation into the Baghuz attack or any other possible war crimes by U.S. forces in the war against ISIS.

      • The White Supremacy Lie: The Rittenhouse Trial and Rightwing Media Fabrication
      • EU Joins Rights Group in Condemning Israel’s ‘Day of Destruction’ of Palestinian Homes

        The European Union on Friday joined a prominent Israeli human rights group in condemning last week’s demolition of multiple homes in occupied East Jerusalem, an illegal action that displaced 22 Palestinians including 15 children.

        “We reiterate our call to halt demolitions and any other unlawful practices that coerce Palestinians out of their homes,” the European Union Delegation to the Palestinians (DPAL) tweeted.

      • Opinion | Death in Texas

        Texas once again demonstrates that it can show the rest of the country the way and is now doing so at considerable expense to itself, by arguing a death penalty case in the United States Supreme Court.

      • US Islamist Groups Call for ‘Lady al-Qaeda’ to Be Set Free

        The Council on American Islamic Relations (CAIR), American Muslims for Palestine (AMP), the Islamic Circle of North America (ICNA), and the Muslim American Society (MAS) all have their foundings linked inseparably with militant Islamic ideologies. For CAIR and AMP it was Hamas, ICNA, Jamaat-e-Islami, and MAS, the Muslim Brotherhood. This month, not unlike numerous occasions in the past, the four have come out in support of terror. This time, it is to call for the freedom of female al-Qaeda operative Aafia Siddiqui, who was convicted for attempted murder of US officers in Afghanistan. The agenda of these four groups could not be any clearer.

      • Over 137,000 People, 100 Security Agents Have Been Killed By Fulani Herdsmen In Benue—Governor Ortom

        It also decried its involvement in the arrest and incarceration of Yoruba Nation agitator, Sunday Igboho in Benin Republic, while failing to arrest bandits and herdsmen whom he said no longer wear masks when they kidnap and kill innocent Nigerians.

        The governor also lamented that about 137,000 residents and over 100 security personnel have been killed by ravaging bandits in Benue State.

        Ortom revealed this while briefing journalists in a video clip obtained by SaharaReporters on Wednesday.

    • Environment

      • Opinion | This Is How Amazon Is Fueling the Climate Crisis

        One benefit that Amazon has provided society with is a reduction in shopping-related violence. The once legendary fights over low-priced electrical items have moved online, and the fight is now between who has the fastest fingers and the fastest internet connection. Black Friday, however, continues to supercharge an already hyper-consumerist society and push us closer to climate breakdown. Extinction Rebellion (XR) decided to call out the major online retailer on its most profitable day by blocking fifteen fulfillment centers in the UK, Germany, and the Netherlands. The fulfillment centers blockaded account for 50% of Amazon deliveries in the UK. In all, more than thirty arrests were made as the environmental group brought attention to Amazon’s wasteful business practices, tax avoidance and worker exploitation.

      • Energy

    • Finance

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • Trump Has Already Laid the Groundwork to Subvert the 2024 Election
      • Uber Survived the Spying Scandal. Their Careers Didn’t.

        The men who gathered intelligence for Uber were supposed to be ghosts. For years, they were un-Googleable sentries, quietly informing executives about the actions of competitors, opponents and disgruntled employees. But the secrecy of the tightknit team ended abruptly in 2017 when one of its members turned on the others, accusing them of stealing trade secrets, wiretapping and destroying evidence.

        They flouted the law while carrying out Uber’s dirtiest missions, their former co-worker, Richard Jacobs, claimed in an April 2017 email sent to top Uber executives. His lawyer followed up with a letter that said the team went so far as to hack foreign governments and wiretap Uber’s own employees.

      • Huge fines and a ban on default passwords in new UK law

        Recent research from consumer watchdog Which? suggested homes filled with smart devices could be exposed to more than 12,000 attacks in a single week.

        Default passwords for internet-connected devices will be banned, and firms which do not comply will face huge fines.

    • Misinformation/Disinformation

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • Iran: Release arbitrarily detained rights activist at imminent risk of flogging

        Narges Mohammadi is the vice president of the Centre for Human Rights Defenders in Iran and worked with the Campaign for Step-by-Step Abolition of the Death Penalty (known as Legam, its Persian acronym). Following the November 2019 nationwide protests and unlawful killing of hundreds of protesters, Narges Mohammadi vocally supported bereaved family members seeking truth and justice for their loved ones’ killings.

        In May 2021, Branch 1188 of Criminal Court Two in Tehran sentenced Narges Mohammadi to two-and-a-half years in prison, 80 lashes and two separate fines for charges that include “spreading propaganda against the system.” Four months later, in September, Narges Mohammadi received a summons to begin serving this sentence, but she did not respond as she considered the conviction unjust.

      • Jailed Iranian Rights Defender At ‘Imminent Risk’ Of Flogging, Amnesty Warns

        Amnesty International is calling on the Iranian authorities to immediately release prominent human rights defender Narges Mohammadi, who it said is at imminent risk of receiving 80 lashes following her arrest earlier this week.

        The London-based human rights watchdog said on November 18 that Mohammadi was arbitrary arrested in the city of Karaj, west of Tehran, two days earlier while attending a memorial for a man killed by Iranian security forces during nationwide protests in November 2019.

      • [Old] EU condemns Iran sentence, lashes for rights campaigner

        The new charges against Mohammadi include “propaganda against the system,” defamation and rebellious conduct while incarcerated. She had issued a statement against the death penalty and alleged torture and harassment while in prison, which the Etemad newspaper reported.

    • Monopolies

      • EU Companies File Formal Complaint Against Microsoft, Fight For A Level Playing Field – TFiR

        In a repeat from earlier monopolistic actions, Microsoft is bundling its OneDrive, Teams and other services with Windows and aggressively pushing consumers to sign up and hand over their data to Microsoft. This limits consumer choice and creates a barrier for other companies offering competing services. Nextcloud, along with almost 30 other European companies, has formally complained to the European Commission (EC) about Microsoft‘s anti-competitive behavior in respect of its OneDrive (cloud) offering.

        The European Commission’s Directorate-General for Competition exists precisely for the purpose of preventing this kind of abusive behavior and keeping the market competitive and fair for all players. Nextcloud said that it has filed an official complaint with the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Competition about the abusive practices of Microsoft related to OneDrive.

      • Copyrights

        • “The Pirate Bay Can’t Be Stopped ,” Co-Founder Says

          The Pirate Bay quietly turned 18 this year. The site survived several shutdown attempts and remains online. Nonetheless, one of the lawyers who fought The Pirate Bay in court says that the lawsuits and raids were worth it. Pirate Bay co-founder Peter Sunde disagrees and believes that the torrent site can’t be stopped by rightsholders.

President Biden Wants to Put Microsofter in Charge of the Patent Office, Soon to Penalise Patent Applicants Who Don’t Use Microsoft’s Proprietary Formats

Posted in IBM, Microsoft, Open XML, Patents at 8:24 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Microsoft and Kathi Vidal

IAM and Microsoft Kathi Vidal

Vidal profile

Summary: The tradition of GAFAM or GIAFAM inside the USPTO carries on (e.g. Kappos and Lee; Kappos lobbies for Microsoft and IBM, whereas Lee now works for Amazon/Bezos after a career at Google); it’s hard to believe anymore that the USPTO exists to serve innovators rather than aggressive monopolists, shielding their territory by patent threats (lawsuits or worse aggression) and cross-licensing that’s akin to a cartel

THE company known as “Microsoft” isn’t just some ordinary firm. It is widely reviled because it is uniquely malicious and outright criminal. It was founded and run by criminals.

What Microsoft is not: a software company. What Microsoft is: a cult, a military contractor, and an espionage partner of the NSA et al. It’s also a lingering, ongoing threat to national security. The company controlled by a very famous criminal (Gates) has caused massive financial damage to hundreds of countries.

“The company controlled by a very famous criminal (Gates) has caused massive financial damage to hundreds of countries.”A few days ago Patent Docs took note of the fact that in spite of the US patent office being hijacked by the Microsoft ‘cult’/’religion’ (it has the hallmark of entryism), OOXML being made almost compulsory (otherwise penalties!) is a move that’s being delayed. Did they curb implementation due to backlash? Who knows…

It is clear, however, that people are protesting. Some write to us about it.

It’s bad enough that Microsoft already controls (even illegally!) the EPO. The staff of the EPO is very unhappy about that!

“The Director chosen by President Obama would later lobby for IBM and Microsoft, going as far as exploiting a pandemic to push for software patents.”Now the Corporate President wants to put a person who worked for Microsoft part of the time… in charge of the US patent office, the world’s largest and most important patent office, which Microsoft relies on for blackmail of competitors, including GNU/Linux.

“Vidal has extensive experience as a patent litigator, and has represented companies including Microsoft Corp,” said this article a month ago. IAM spoke of a company or “plaintiff who sued Microsoft, another Vidal client.”

So President Biden wants to put a Microsofter in charge of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), just like President Obama put a deputy there who had come from Microsoft. The Director chosen by President Obama would later lobby for IBM and Microsoft, going as far as exploiting a pandemic to push for software patents.

A reader of ours, who uses GNU/Linux (Linux Mint I believe), decided to write about this (“letter to USPTO nominee and firm”), attributing the Microsoft capture to David Kappos although this OOXML scheme emanated from or started during Andrei Iancu‘s term.

Microsoft GitHub Exposé — Part VIII — Mr. Graveley’s Long Career Serving Microsoft’s Agenda (Before Hiring by Microsoft to Work on GitHub’s GPL Violations Machine)

Posted in GNU/Linux, Microsoft, Mono, Novell at 7:24 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Series parts:

  1. Microsoft GitHub Exposé — Part I — Inside a Den of Corruption and Misogynists
  2. Microsoft GitHub Exposé — Part II — The Campaign Against GPL Compliance and War on Copyleft Enforcement
  3. Microsoft GitHub Exposé — Part III — A Story of Plagiarism and Likely Securities Fraud
  4. Microsoft GitHub Exposé — Part IV — Mr. MobileCoin: From Mono to Plagiarism… and to Unprecedented GPL Violations at GitHub (Microsoft)
  5. Microsoft GitHub Exposé — Part V — Why Nat Friedman is Leaving GitHub
  6. Microsoft GitHub Exposé — Part VI — The Media Has Mischaracterised Nat Friedman’s Departure (Effective Now)
  7. Microsoft GitHub Exposé — Part VII — Nat Friedman, as GitHub CEO, Had a Plan of Defrauding Microsoft Shareholders
  8. YOU ARE HERE ☞ Mr. Graveley’s Long Career Serving Microsoft’s Agenda (Before Hiring by Microsoft to Work on GitHub’s GPL Violations Machine)

GitHub: Where everything comes to die

Summary: Balabhadra (Alex) Graveley was promoting .NET (or Mono) since his young days; his current job at Microsoft is consistent with past harms to GNU/Linux, basically pushing undesirable (except to Microsoft) things to GNU/Linux users; Tomboy used to be the main reason for distro ISOs to include Mono

THE LAST part took note of Nat Friedman and Alex Graveley (“best friends” in Graveley’s eyes; Miguel de Icaza said they go back 20 years). Today we look more closely at what Mr. Graveley had done before Microsoft/GitHub enlisted him to promote a GPL violations tool (a tool for encouraging — not detecting — copyleft violations).

“All this stuff needs daylight, as the media completely failed to report about what had actually happened earlier this year.”Based on long conversations with a source, “on LinkedIn [he makes] claim to Copilot,” but that goes further back to things we covered over a decade ago. “It sounds like you might know more about that than me,” the source said, as “the timeline starts with the Tomboy stuff.” (We called them “Team Mono”)

That was ages ago, but many of the same people are still involved and they are officially under Microsoft’s umbrella, with a salary from Microsoft as well. “From my understanding,” the source noted, “Alex wasn’t even 18 when this stuff started” because he “dropped out of high school at 15″ and later met “Nat [Friedman] through an IRC[-based] Linux channel or something…”

They also did some podcasts together (Friedman and Graveley), as we noted here before. Friedman had worked for Microsoft as an intern (mid 90s, seems to be when he met Miguel de Icaza). It took many years before he worked directly for Microsoft once again. A lot of the time was spent hooking up companies like Novell with Microsoft and then promoting .NET through Xamarin, which also led to a “payday” from Microsoft.

Our source said, “he hides that and I wonder why?”

He would then attack Free software through shells and proxies, the latest of which was GitHub. We’ve already covered a number of scandals related to this. “I know almost nothing about his personal life,” our source noted, but Richard “Stallman [said] that his dad was a stock broker though…”

“I just thought that was super weird,” the source said, “saw on some email to Richard” [Stallman] that said: “It seems that your efforts to build resistance to Amazon’s ludicrous one-click patent are really paying off! My father is a stock broker, and tonight he showed me a news item which came over his company’s internal wire service describing (fairly accurately) the boycott and your roll in it. Apparently it has been widely distributed among the brokerage firms, and AMZN was down 7 points today on the news (at least, there was no other readily-apparent reason for the downturn). Perhaps now that Amazon is getting hit in the pocketbook, they’ll pay more attention.”

Mr. stock market…

But this series isn’t so much about Friedman but about the issues, notably Copilot (connected to GitHub and proprietary spyware for desktops, Visual Studio). We’re going to focus on GPL violations they enable and who’s promoting this practice; that’s the role of Alex Graveley. Visual Studio ‘Code’ is proprietary spyware (the so-called ‘telemetry’ has become notorious enough) and a certain “Nathaniel Dourif Friedman” has a software patent on spyware. Spyware like this: “During the course of a computer session, many actions may be performed on a computer. For several reasons, including increasing workforce productivity, it may be desirable to monitor these actions.”

If it sounds like a SOFTWARE patent, bear in mind it is with Novell, which openly bragged about its software patents and tried to leverage them to attack rival GNU/Linux vendors in collusion with Microsoft. Our moral objections aside (those are patents which we oppose), Mr. Graveley too has such patents. All the Hackpad patents are listed there. “For clarification, Alex’s legal name is Balabhadra Graveley,” our source noted, and “to further clarify he is a white man and not Indian despite the sound of his name” because of his “hippie Hare Khrishna parents…”

His LinkedIn (Microsoft) account suggests he still works for Microsoft:

Alex Graveley

“Team Mono or whatever you want to call it,” our source noted, is “alive and well…”

Except Friedman is gone, likely forced to resign to save face.

All this stuff needs daylight, as the media completely failed to report about what had actually happened earlier this year.

One less important aspect of it all is, Alex Graveley was inadvertently the subject of many old posts of ours. Because of Mono and Tomboy. Readers might want to get some context, assuming they never heard about this controversy before. Here’s an article from 2013:

And half a dozen (among more) from 2009:

“I do have this message where Alex calls Tomboy his life’s work,” our source said. The above articles spoke about technical issues, not just legal issues. And sure, those are old… as the site was a lot younger back then (about 2.5 years old) and nowadays we do deeper investigations. It certainly seems like Friedman and others set him up for richness; by sucking up to Microsoft, with Mono, he was swimming close to the sharks.

Tomboy as a piece of software is junk. That’s why someone else from Novell (alumnus) rewrote it in C++; there’s just nothing special about it, which makes sense considering he wrote it as a high school dropout with little experience in software engineering.

“I’ve seen his code,” the source said, calling it “very procedural”.

Gnote’s developer rewrote the whole thing in a better language, not controlled by Microsoft. Yes, his whole program was re-written as a hobby in C++ — a process which didn’t take long — and then it run much faster (details in the above links).

The original implementation (Tomboy) was technically weak. Among the quotes we heard about Graveley: “He is so insecure”; “Full of doubts and strong opinions”; “Fun to be around, but also very self destructive” (attributed to Miguel de Icaza, speaking on experiences with Alex Graveley).

“Based on his code,” our source added, “Alex is the kind of engineer that doesn’t understand easy to read doesn’t mean it’s simple…”

“I write easy to read code that is well organized and get underestimated for it…”

Tomboy was apparently so bad that someone simply rewrote the whole program in another language, C++, and did so very quickly; the technical improvements were vast.

So is Graveley even good at software development? He didn’t finish school.

He is insecure but (now) well connected, so he’ll try to use the current status to compensate for a weak background. “I suspect that Alex and Nat share darker secrets,” our source added. “I don’t even understand why Alex is working. [...] In regards to Github, the Github hate community has already been in touch on Twitter, mostly in regard to the ICE stuff…”

GitHub does worse than ICE, but the media seldom talks about that. The media suppressed that and more, whereas it actively helped ‘pacify’ the ICE protesters by shoveling up “Arctic Vault” puff pieces. We wrote about it back then.

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