Links 17/3/2022: Cockpit 265 and Igalia’s Work on OpenGL and Vulkan in Linux

Posted in News Roundup at 6:25 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • Make Use OfThe 8 Best Linux Distros for Chromebooks

        Want to use Linux on your Chromebook? Check out these eight distributions that offer better features and enhanced performance than Chrome OS.

        As the name suggests, a Chromebook makes its best-selling point with affordability as an added advantage. Besides, despite the difference between Chromebook and other Windows and Mac-based machines, the default OS is the most distinguishing feature.

        However, limited features, minimal customization, and vulnerability to various attacks make privacy a big concern. Hence, Chromebook users are always looking for alternative operating systems that offer flexibility and customization.

      • Linux Journal6 Best Linux Desktop Environments to Try in 2022

        Are you looking for the best Linux desktop environments for your desktop? Then this article is particularly for you. Want to find the notable mentions, the best features, and what you might be fond of? Get to know about the 6 best Linux desktop environments to try in 2022 from here. So, let’s dive in!

        And with that, we have reached the conclusion. This article walked you through the 6 best Linux desktops for 2022. If you’re looking for an easy-to-customize desktop, choose from Budgie, KDE, and GNOME.

        But do remember that older systems with less than 4GB RAM support are not suitable for GNOME. If a lightweight desktop is your requirement, go with KDE. So, have you decided upon your choice of Linux desktop?

      • India Timeskite: Upgraded Kite Os Suite Released | Thiruvananthapuram News – Times of India

        Chief minister Pinarayi Vijayan has released the upgraded KITE GNU/ Linux operating system (OS) suite – the free and open source software (FOSS) based OS developed by the Kerala Infrastructure and Technology for Education (KITE) for deployment in new laptops in schools.

        This OS suite can be used as a complete computing platform not only by students and teachers in schools, but also in home computers, government offices, DTP centres, software developers, etc.

        The new OS suite has all the important updates till date of the popular Ubuntu OS. It also features a lot of FOSS-based applications which are not part of Ubuntu 20.04repository.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • Multi-queue improvements in Linux kernel Ethernet driver mvneta

        In the past months, the Linux kernel driver for the Ethernet MAC found in a number of Marvell SoCs, mvneta, has seen quite a few improvements. Lorenzo Bianconi brought support for XDP operations on non-linear buffers, a follow-up work on the already-great XDP support that offers very nice performances on that controller. Russell King contributed an improved, more generic and easier to maintain phylink support, to deal with the variety of embedded use-cases.

        At that point, it’s getting difficult to squeeze more performances out of this controller. However, we still have some tricks we can use to improve some use-cases so in the past months, we’ve worked on implementing QoS features on mvneta, through the use of mqprio.

    • Applications

      • Linux Links7 Useful Free and Open Source PDF Tools – LinuxLinks

        Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format created by Adobe Systems in 1993 for document exchange. The format includes a subset of the PostScript page description programming language, a font-embedding system, and a structural storage system.

        Over the years PDF has become an extremely important file format. If you want to create documents that can be viewed under all major operating systems, PDF is the ticket, as it maintains the overall look and feel of documents regardless of what platform they are viewed under.

        This article focuses on useful PDF tools which can help you create PDFs as well as small utilities/libraries that help you work with PDF. It doesn’t seek to overlap with our articles on PDF manipulation tools and PDF viewers as they are covered in separate articles.

        Here’s our verdict captured in a legendary LinuxLinks chart. Only free and open source software is eligible for inclusion.

      • XDACan the Mac Studio run Linux? Yes, but not natively

        Apple’s latest desktop workstation, the Mac Studio, is very tempting. Thanks to the new Apple M1 Ultra processor, the Mac Studio could well the most powerful Mac yet, even competing with the “cheese grater” Mac Pro. Out of the box, the Mac Studio will run macOS Monterey, but what if you want to leverage that power in a different OS? If you’re wondering whether you can run Linux on the Mac Studio, we have both good and bad news for you.

        The bad news is that it’s still not possible to run Linux – or Windows, for that matter – natively on macOS. While Intel-based models made it easier to install different operating systems, Macs running Apple Silicon are more locked down. The silver lining here is that you can run Linux on the Mac Studio, but it’ll have to be through a virtual machine.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • Ubuntu HandbookAutomate Mouse Clicks Easily via XClicker in Ubuntu Linux | UbuntuHandbook

        Playing video games or doing other tasks that need repeated mouse clicks in Linux? XClicker may help.

        XClicker is a free open-source tool, allows to make ‘left.’, ‘right‘ or ‘middle‘ click (single or double) automatically in any area in your screen.

        It provides an easy to use interface, allows to set the click interval in Milliseconds and/or seconds, choose click type (e.g., left, right, double click). By enabling ‘Custom Location’ then clicking on ‘Get’ button, user may then do single click anywhere in screen to set the x, y coordinate.

      • VideoHow to install Audacity on Zorin OS 16 – Invidious
      • ID RootHow To Install Timeshift on Manjaro 21 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Timeshift on Manjaro 21. For those of you who didn’t know, Timeshift is a powerful open-source tool that can help you protect your data. Timeshift protects your system by taking incremental snapshots of the file system at regular intervals. These snapshots can be restored at a later date to undo all changes to the system

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the Timeshift open-source backup and restore on a Manjaro 21.

      • FAQForgeHow to Restore a Large MariaDB Backup from the Terminal

        If you have a backup of a larger database and restoring it via PhpMyAdmin does not work, this can be achieved via the following command on the shell. To see the status of the restoring backup, we install the program pv. It allows us to see visual progress of the process, after starting the restore of the file.

      • LateWebA simple way to list Symbolic Links in Linux

        A symbolic link also known as a soft link is a kind of a pointer that points to the location of a folder or a file on your system. Some of these links are created by default on your system, whereas you yourself can also create symbolic links manually for any of your desired files or folders. This article will explain to you the different methods through which you can list down all symbolic links on Linux, I have used Linux Mint 20 for this guide, but the same steps will work on any Linux distribution.

      • LateWebA simple way to install Adobe acrobat reader in Ubuntu

        Adobe pdf is a family of application software and Web services developed by Adobe Inc. to view, create, manipulate, print and manage files in Portable Document Format (PDF).

        The main function of Adobe Acrobat is creating, viewing, and editing PDF documents. It can import popular document and image formats and save them as PDF. It is also possible to import a scanner‘s output, a website, or the contents of the Windows clipboard.

        Because of the nature of the PDF, however, once a PDF document is created, its natural organization and flow cannot be meaningfully modified. In other words, Adobe Acrobat is able to modify the contents of paragraphs and images, but doing so does not repaginate the whole document to accommodate for a longer or shorter document. Acrobat can crop PDF pages, change their order, manipulate hyperlinks, digitally sign a PDF file, add comments, redact certain parts of the PDF file, and ensure its adherence to such standards as PDF/A.

      • LateWebA easy way to install PSensors in Ubuntu

        Psensor is a very useful utility for Linux-based systems that shows the values of the various sensors that are mounted on your mainboard. It is capable of displaying the temperature of the various components of your CPU, the rotation speed of your fans as well as your CPU usage. Apart from its command-line interface, it also offers you a very nice and user-friendly graphical interface that you can easily opt to use for extracting your desired information. This article shows you how to install and use Psensor on Ubuntu 20.04

      • LateWebA Easy Way To Install and Use SSHGuard on Ubuntu

        SSHGuard is an open-source daemon that is used to enhance the security of ssh as well as other network protocols. Moreover, it is used to prevent brute force attacks. It will continuously monitor and keep the track record of the system logs which helps in tracking the continuous login attempts or malicious activity. Once it detects such activity then it will immediately block the IP using firewall backends such as pf, iptables, and ipfw. Then it will unblock the IP after a set interval of time. Several log formats such as raw log file, Syslog-ng, and Syslog are supported by SSHGuard as well as provide extra layer protection to several services postfix, Sendmail, vsftpd, etc. including ssh.

      • Linux Made SimpleHow to install VRoid Studio 1.4.2 on a Chromebook

        Today we are looking at how to install VRoid Studio 1.4.2 on a Chromebook. Please follow the video/audio guide as a tutorial where we explain the process step by step and use the commands below.

        This tutorial will only work on Chromebooks with an Intel or AMD CPU (with Linux Apps Support) and not those with an ARM64 architecture CPU.

    • Games

      • GamingOnLinuxStellaris: Overlord expansion announced enabling you to expand your power | GamingOnLinux

        Oh goodie, more ways to completely mess with the whole galaxy. Stellaris: Overlord has been announced as the next full proper expansion for the popular grand-strategy game from Paradox.

        Overlord will grant you access to new features centred around more intricate management of intergalactic empires, from specialized vassals to powerful new megastructures. Sounds like it gives you more tools to become some sort of evil empire, although not just that as you will be able to help out other systems you control too. With their changes it also means if you become a vassal it’s not a delayed game over, with new options to play through.

      • GamingOnLinuxHalftime Heroes is basically a 3D Vampire Survivors | GamingOnLinux

        Oh no, not again, not another game to hook me in and steal away my free time. Halftime Heroes is out in Early Access. Note: personal purchase.

        Here’s the thing about it, Halftime Heroes is clearly a shameless attempt to jump on the hype-train created by the very popular Vampire Survivors. However, Vampire Survivors was not the first wave-based survival game and certainly won’t be the last but it has helped to push their popularity up with a very clear design — and that is exactly what Halftime Heroes has copied and put into 3D.

      • Boatswain, your Stream Deck app for Linux – Georges Stavracas

        That’s right: rich and engaging Stream Deck integration on Linux.

        Boatswain is a new app I’ve been working on for the past month that allows controlling Stream Deck devices. It can assign icons and actions to buttons, and perform them. Boatswain is on track for it’s first stable release soon.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • 9to5LinuxLMDE (Linux Mint Debian Edition) 5 “Elsie” Is Now Available for Download

        As I reported during the beta phase, LMDE (Linux Mint Debian Edition) 5 is based on the Debian GNU/Linux 11 “Bullseye” operating system series. More precisely, it is using the packages included in the Debian GNU/Linux 11.2 point release that arrived last year in December.

        This means that Linux Mint Debian Edition 5 is powered by the long-term supported Linux 5.10 LTS kernel series, which will be supported until October 2023. On top of that, LMDE 5 “Elsie” comes with all the applications and packages included in the Linux Mint 20.3 “Una” release.

    • Distributions

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Venture BeatReport: 95% of IT leaders feel open source tools are key to strong infrastructure | VentureBeat

          A new survey by Red Hat found that cloud computing and always-on services built using the open source development model and open source code are increasingly crucial to nearly every industry. A full 95% of IT leaders say they are key to their enterprise infrastructure.

          What was surprising was that 82% of IT leaders said they’d be more likely to select a vendor who contributes to the open source community, which was driven, in part, by a desire to sustain healthy open source communities. That, too, bodes well for the continued growth of open source code as an engine of innovation.


          The survey included interviews with 1,296 IT leaders worldwide. To ensure credibility, the IT leaders were unaware that Red Hat was sponsoring the survey.

        • Red Hat OfficialComing to the stage at Red Hat Summit 2022

          Red Hat Summit 2022 is less than two months away and we can’t wait for you to see the powerful and inspiring stories that will be showcased! We’ll be bringing together speakers from around the world and across sectors to share how they are building better solutions for their customers and for themselves using open source solutions.

          Join us May 10 and 11 as thousands of customers, partners, and technology industry leaders from around the world come together for two days of innovation, education and collaboration. (Psst, registration is open!)

          During Red Hat Summit 2022 you’ll enjoy talks from visionary technology industry speakers, inspirational stories from our customers and partners, informative Ask the Experts sessions, and more!

          To whet your appetite here’s a sneak peek of what some of our Red Hat executives will be talking about during the keynote sessions. They will be joined by customers, partners and other industry leaders to share how open source technology is making a difference.

        • Red Hat OfficialPodman 4.0′s new network stack: What you need to know

          Of the new features in Podman v4.0, one of the most important is a new network stack, written from scratch in Rust to support Podman. The new stack is composed of two tools, the Netavark network setup tool and the Aardvark DNS server. Together, they offer several advantages over the existing Container Networking Interface (CNI) stack, including:

        • Cockpit 265

          Cockpit is the modern Linux admin interface. We release regularly.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • OMG UbuntuYour First Look at Ubuntu 22.04’s Default Wallpaper

          An updated background image is rolling out to users of the the daily builds as a software update, but you don’t need to be running it to take a look — you can see it in this post.

          Per tradition, each new release of Ubuntu comes with a custom designed desktop background that features the codename mascot, in this case that’s a Jellyfish, in the middle.

        • UbuntuHow we implemented an interactive Live Demo Box

          The Vanilla squad recently spent a two week sprint prototyping an interactive live demo box. We were tasked with coming up with a proof of concept, to enable demoing of each variant of our examples dynamically. A few guest developers were able to joined us, which meant four of us were able to dedicate a two week iteration to the project.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Peter Czanik: The syslog-ng insider 2022-03: syslog-ng 4; MQTT source; Zinc; Elastic Cloud; 3.36;

        This is the 99th issue of syslog-ng Insider, a monthly newsletter that brings you syslog-ng-related news.

      • Events

        • Gunnar Wolf: Speaking about the OpenPGP WoT on LibrePlanet this Saturday [Ed: People who worked hard to remove RMS from the FSF speak at LibrePlanet?]

          I much enjoyed attending this conference in person in March 2018. This year I submitted a talk again, and it got accepted — of course, given the conference is still 100% online, I doubt I will be able to go 100% conference-mode (I hope to catch a couple of other talks, but… well, we are all eager to go back to how things were before 2020!)

      • Web Browsers

        • Mozilla

          • Ubuntu PitChrome vs Firefox: Which One is the Best Browser?

            Is Mozilla Firefox better than Google Chrome? – The most common question we often get from many people. Basically, these two browsers are, without any other competitor, the most-used browsers. So, the competition between them is quite strong. However, both Firefox and Chrome are developed based on open-source web browser engines. Still, there are many differences among them. And today, we will discuss the complete fact of Chrome vs Firefox.


            In the battle of Chrome vs Firefox, we are not going to discuss just the similarities and dissimilarities of these two competitive browsers. Indeed, we aim to reach a conclusion where you can choose the best browser for you. So, we will discuss some major facts of these two browsers and tend to find out the winner in the particular fact. Before going into the details, you can have a look at our previous article on the Brave vs. Chrome battle.

          • MozillaMozilla and Open Web Docs working together on MDN

            For both MDN and Open Web Docs (OWD), transparency is paramount to our missions. With the upcoming launch of MDN Plus, we believe it’s a good time to talk about how our two organizations work together and if there is a financial relationship between us. Here is an overview of how our missions overlap, how they differ, and how a premium subscription service fits all this.

          • MozillaPerformance Sheriff Newsletter (February 2022) – Mozilla Performance

            In February there were 122 alerts generated, resulting in 19 regression bugs being filed on average 4.3 days after the regressing change landed.

            Welcome to the February 2022 edition of the performance sheriffing newsletter. Here you’ll find the usual summary of our sheriffing efficiency metrics, followed by a review of the year. If you’re interested (and if you have access) you can view the full dashboard.

      • Programming/Development

        • The Register UKAn open-source COBOL contender emerges

          The newly announced gcobol compiler is a fresh front end for GCC, and builds native binary executables.

          There are already other FOSS and freeware compilers for COBOL out there, but few are fully open source. Notably, there’s GnuCOBOL, which evolved out of OpenCOBOL. The OpenCOBOL FAQ is worth a read, and notes that: “OpenCOBOL was initially developed by Keisuke Nishida from experience working on TinyCOBOL originally developed by Rildo Pragana.”

          There’s nothing wrong with GnuCOBOL: it’s mature, in active development, and supports various COBOL standards and dialects – but as the announcement for gcobol says: “Our project should not be confused with GnuCOBOL. That project is a Cobol translator: it compiles Cobol to C, and invokes gcc to produce executable code.”

          You can still get COBOL-IT for free. This French project developed an open-source compiler suite until it was acquired by “the guardians of business COBOL” – or alternatively, a retirement home for ageing software businesses – aka Micro Focus – in 2017.

        • QtDesktop and Mobile are in the DNA of Qt

          Qt has a long and exciting history. Born in Norway, raised in Finland by two different parents, and finally grew up to be a global citizen. Our growth journey includes ups and downs, which have made us pivot and refocus along the way. In the beginning, the focus was on the desktop while Qt 2 brought Embedded into the limelight. Qt 4 was the first actual cross-platform framework, and Qt 5 initially focused on Mobile. After listing to Helsinki Stock markets, we have been growing independently and towards being truly the cross-platform framework that our founders envisioned from the start.

  • Leftovers

    • FreeStyle Libre 3 miniaturizes real-time glucose monitoring [Ed: Rarely can you find the terms "Libre" and "Free" abused to badly.]

      I’ve worn the FreeStyle Libre 2 flash-glucose monitor (FGM) on my upper arm for the last three years. As a diabetic, I need to pay close attention to my glucose levels, and the Libre 2 was a revolution compared to finger-prick blood tests every couple of hours. The new Libre 3 system is a highly-anticipated update that massively improves on the Libre 2.

    • Hardware

      • CubicleNateMagnetic USB Cables | Prolong Device Ports – CubicleNate’s Techpad

        USB-C, although very capable is quite fragile, especially on phones or tablets that children use. I have started using these to extend the life of the cheap tablets by preventing damage to the ports from mishandling the charging cables. Although this solution isn’t perfect, it is far better than the USB-C and micro-USB cables that are bundled with devices. An added benefit is that it is one magnetic cable that works with USB-C and micro-USB devices.

        I don’t know how long these particular magnetic USB cables will continue to be sold but there but some form of them will likely continue. They aren’t good for everything but they are good for enough for many devices and will help to prolong their usage.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Pseudo-Open Source

          • Openwashing

            • Linux Foundation’s Site/BlogLF Energy: Solving the Problems of the Modern Electric Grid Through Shared Investment [Ed: Microsoft's Jason Perlow keeps pushing "Linux" Foundation further and further away from Linux]

              The energy industry sits at the epicenter of change because energy makes everything else run. And inside the energy industry is the need for a rapid transition to electrification and our vast power grids. Like it or not, utilities face existential decisions on transforming themselves while delivering ever more power to more people without making energy unaffordable or unavailable.

            • Court affirms it’s false advertising to claim software is Open Source when it’s not | Open Source Initiative [Ed: This is the same OSI that promotes Microsoft proprietary software]

              Stop saying Open Source when it’s not. The US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit recently affirmed a lower court decision concluding what we’ve always known: that it’s false advertising to claim that software is “open source” when it’s not licensed under an open source license.

              You can read the decision here. The facts, as described by the trial court, are that Neo4j, Inc. had been through several releases of its software and several license choices along the way, ending with what the court called “the Sweden Software License,” because the licensor was a Swedish subsidiary of the plaintiff.

            • LWNOSI: Court affirms it’s false advertising to claim software is Open Source when it’s not

              The Open Source Initiative reports on a ruling in the US Court of Appeals reaffirming the meaning of “open source” in a software license.

            • Copyleft Won’t Solve All Problems, Just Some of Them [Ed: SFC sounds like it is joining anti-Free software trolls now]

              We are passionate about and dedicated to the cause of software freeedom and rights because proprietary software harmfully takes control of and agency in software away from users. In 2014, we started talking about FOSS as fundamental to “ethical software” (and, more broadly “ethical technology”) — which contrasts FOSS with the unethical behavior that Big Tech carries out with proprietary software. Some FOSS critics (circa 2018) coined the phrase “ethical source” — which outlined a new approach to these issues — based on the assumption that software freedom activists were inherently complicit in the bad behavior of Big Tech and other bad actors since the inception of FOSS. These folks argue that copyleft — the only form of software licensing that makes any effort to place ethical and moral requirements on FOSS redistributors/reusers — has fundamentally ignored the larger problems of society such as human rights abuses and unbridled capitalism. They propose new copyleft-like licenses, which, rather than focusing on the requirement of disclosure of source code, they instead use the mechanisms of copyleft to mandate behaviors in areas of ethics generally unrelated to software. For example, the Hippocratic License molds a copyleft clause into a generalized mechanism for imposing a more comprehensive moral code on software redistributors/reusers. In essence, they argue that copylefted software (such as software under the GPL) is unethical software. This criticism of copyleft reached crescendo in the last three weeks as pundits began to criticize FOSS licenses for failing to prohibit Putin from potentially using FOSS in his Ukrainian invasion or other bad acts.

              We have in the past avoided a comprehensive written response to the so-called “ethical source” arguments — lest our response create acromony with an adjacent community of activists who mean well and with whom we share some goals, but with whose strategies (and conclusions about our behavior and motivations) we disagree. Nevertheless, the recent events have shown that a single, comprehensive response would help clarify our position on a matter of active, heated public debate and fully answer these ongoing criticism of FOSS and our software freedom principles.

        • Security

          • CISATreck TCP/IP Stack (Update H)
          • New Linux backdoor that propagates via Log4j vulnerability easy to exploit in the cloud

            In a blog post, 360Netlab researchers say that the network traffic generated by this sample triggered a DNS Tunnel alert in their system. The researchers investigated further and found a new botnet family which they named B1txor20 based on it using the file name “b1t,” the XOR algorithm, and the RC4 algorithm key length of 20 bytes.

          • Make Use OfThe 12 Safest Free Software Download Sites for Linux [Ed: Terrible advice. GitHub is run by NSA/Microsoft (malware) and Softpedia is an anti-Linux site; the safer route is, use the repos of the distro]

            Linux is an open-source operating system with a broader contributor community than other OSes. However, downloading software for your Linux system can sometimes be risky due to security reasons.

            The internet is flooded with spyware, especially on websites offering free apps, where some contributors try to exploit users through malicious files. That is why it is always recommended to use authentic websites to get an app.

          • CISAStrengthening Cybersecurity of SATCOM Network Providers and Customers | CISA

            CISA and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) are aware of possible threats to U.S. and international satellite communications (SATCOM) networks. Successful intrusions into SATCOM networks could create additional risk for SATCOM network customer environments.

            In response, CISA and FBI have published joint Cybersecurity Advisory (CSA) Strengthening Cybersecurity of SATCOM Network Providers and Customers, which provides mitigations and resources to strengthen SATCOM provider and customer cybersecurity.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • TrustFacebook’s ‘double standard’ on hate speech against Russians

        Facebook’s decision to allow hate speech against Russians due to the war in Ukraine breaks its own rules on incitement, and shows a “double standard” that could hurt users caught in other conflicts, digital rights experts and activists said.

        Facebook owner Meta Platforms will temporarily allow Facebook and Instagram users in some countries to call for violence against Russians and Russian soldiers in the context of the Ukraine invasion, Reuters reported last week.

        It will also allow praise for a right-wing battalion “strictly in the context of defending Ukraine”, in a decision that experts say demonstrates the platform’s bias.

      • Business InsiderRussia’s internet censorship is forcing citizens to turn to the dark web and VPNs for news and social media

        In just under a month, the internet in Russia has become nearly unrecognizable after hundreds of news outlets and social media platforms have vanished from the web, while global tech companies like Netflix and Apple have restricted their services.

        The Kremlin earlier this month banned Twitter and Facebook from the Russian internet, and on Monday it blocked access to Instagram. Russian Instagram influencers posted tearful goodbye videos, urging followers to move to platforms they could still access.

        Russia has rapidly and drastically entered into a type of digital isolation, cutting off millions of citizens from access to accurate information and online spaces to express opinions. As Moscow seeks to stifle dissent and control the narrative over its invasion of Ukraine, digital and human rights groups are worried about the future of Russia’s internet.

        In addition to the Kremlin blocking access to numerous online platforms and news sites, several companies and outlets have been forced to suspend their operations after the country passed a law that makes it a serious crime to publish information the government deems as “fake.”

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

    • Monopolies

      • Copyrights

        • Public Domain ReviewPhilipp Hainhofer’s *Große Stammbuch* (1596–1633) – The Public Domain Review

          Hainhofer’s 227-page volume collects the signatures of over seventy-five of Europe’s most notable seventeenth-century nobles. A richly illustrated album amicorum — a kind of friendship book for preserving the autographs of acquaintances — the Große Stammbuch was renowned in Hainhofer’s lifetime, becoming one of Augsburg’s must-see artworks. This vellum Kunstkammer brings together the royal, semi-divine hands of the Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II [17], King of Denmark Christian IV [20] and Cosimo II de’ Medici [30] with exquisite drawings, a painting on silk, and embroidered panels made by dozens of artists, including Georg Behem, Tobias Bernhard, Joseph Heintz, Johann Mathias Kager, Lucas Kilian, Jacopo Ligozzi, and Anton Mozart.

          The cosmopolitan connoisseur Hainhofer rarely traveled without his Stammbuch, which he showed off to a wide network of aristocrats to win new contributions. A single entry was often the result of months spent negotiating with a signatory and artists. Though occasionally a royal would commission her own page, Hainhofer usually had the leaves painted to his taste, which the duchess or king would then sign and otherwise personalize (with mottos or brief inscriptions). Expenses — paid by the contributor — ranged from ten to fifty ducats. By 1610, Hainhofer was regularly receiving invitations for personal audiences with potential autographers. And, in September 1612, when Hainhofer visited François de Lorraine [103] to solicit his hand, the Count attempted to keep the book by force, only surrendering it after the diplomatic intervention of the Elector of Cologne.

Links 17/3/2022: Many Security Patches Released

Posted in News Roundup at 1:46 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • LateWebA Simple Way To Check NVIDIA Drivers Version on Linux

        Nvidia Corporation is an American multinational technology company incorporated in Delaware and based in Santa Clara, California. It is a fabless company which designs graphics processing units (GPUs) for the gaming and professional markets, as well as system on a chip units (SoCs) for the mobile computing and automotive market. Its primary GPU line, labeled “GeForce”, is in direct competition with the GPUs of the “Radeon” brand by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD). Nvidia expanded its presence in the gaming industry with its handheld game consoles Shield Portable, Shield Tablet, and Shield Android TV and its cloud gaming service GeForce Now. Its professional line of GPUs are used in workstations for applications in such fields as architecture, engineering and construction, media and entertainment, automotive, scientific research, and manufacturing design.

        In addition to GPU manufacturing, Nvidia provides an application programming interface (API) called CUDA that allows the creation of massively parallel programs which utilize GPUs. They are deployed in supercomputing sites around the world. More recently, it has moved into the mobile computing market, where it produces Tegra mobile processors for smartphones and tablets as well as vehicle navigation and entertainment systems. In addition to AMD, its competitors include Intel and Qualcomm.

      • LateWebA simple way to understand the IOStat command

        The iostat command in Linux allows users to monitor system i/o statistics on the device. It is based on how long the devices are operating at the average baud rate to monitor the input/output of the system. Based on reports, system configurations can be changed to optimize CPU performance. This command is in the sysstat package.

      • LateWebA Great Way To Backup Your Data in Ubuntu Linux

        fwbackups is a feature-rich user backup tool that allows you to backup your essential documents anytime, anyplace using a simple, powerful interface with support for scheduled backups and remote backups.

      • Linux CapableHow to Install MakeMKV on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS

        MakeMKV is a free, open-source tool that can convert video clips from DVDs and Blu-rays, usually encrypted. The output will have most information preserved but not changed; it’s perfect for people who want their media without hassle or headache caused by software limitations like those found with some other transcoder apps.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install or upgrade to the latest version of MakeMKV on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish using a recommended Launchpad PPA repository by the MakeMKV team to provide the most up-to-date version using the command line terminal.

      • Linux CapableHow to Install Glances System Monitor on AlmaLinux 8

        Glances System Monitor is free, an open-source command-line tool for process monitoring, system resources such as CPU, Disk I/O, File System, Load Average, Memory, Network Interfaces and processes. Glances are built with Python language. Glances support cross-platform monitoring, which can be used with a web-based interface.

        One of the excellent features Glances supports is setting thresholds in the program. You can set careful, warning, and critical in the configuration file, which will then relay information in colors that can show alerts to systems resources bottlenecks, system resources issues, and much more. Glances, by default, comes with a pre-set list of colors, but you can modify and add additional configs.

        The following tutorial will demonstrate how to install Glances System Monitor on AlmaLinux 8 workstation or server using the command line console, create a systemd service file, create a web service and secure with firewalls, and lastly, some basic commands and maintenance tips.

      • HowTo GeekHow To Use set and pipefail in Bash Scripts on Linux

        The Linux set and pipefail commands dictate what happens when a failure occurs in a Bash script. There’s more to think about than should it stop or should it carry on.

      • VideoLinux Essentials – The echo Command – Invidious
      • HowTo ForgeHow to Install and Use Apache Guacamole Remote Desktop on Rocky Linux 8

        Apache Guacamole is a free, open-source, clientless, remote desktop gateway. It supports standard protocols like SSH, RDP, and VNC. It does not need any third-party plugins and clients to work. You can access your machine using a web-based gateway. It can be put behind a proxy server which allows you to access your servers from anywhere in the world.

      • LateWebA simple explanation of the NAMEI command in Linux

        As a Linux administrator, you often have to work with files, folders, symlinks, etc. And sometimes you need to know more information about individual elements in a path for example file type, owner, …

        For that matter, the namei command appeared. Now we’re gonna teach you to use the namei command in Linux.

      • LateWebHow To Make A Temporarily Folder In Ubuntu Using MKTemp

        Temporary files are used to temporarily store data that the operating system needs temporarily during operation and will disappear when no longer needed. they will disappear on their own after reboot.

        This command in Linux allows the user to make a temporary file or directory in the tmp folder. Now we’re gonna teach you to use the mktemp command in Linux.

      • LateWebEasy Way To Install And Use Anaconda on Ubuntu

        In simple terms, Anaconda is an open-source package and environment manager that houses thousands of predictive analysis, machine learning, and data science packages. Its purpose is to provide scientific libraries and dependencies for Python programmers. Anaconda is frequently used for the development of machine learning and artificial intelligence applications.

        Anaconda makes package distribution and administration easier. It comes with various tools such as conda and Jupyter Notebook that provide you with a smooth and fast package and environment development. Anaconda also supports the creation of a basic, controllable environment, making any project deployment straightforward.

        In this article, you will learn how to install, use, and remove Anaconda from your Ubuntu operating system.

      • Trend OceansEasy way to fix: sudo unable to resolve host name or service not known

        Once in a while, you will encounter the above error after making changes to /etc/hostname. And the resolution of this error is pretty simple.

      • Pragmatic LinuxInstall Python applications with pipx – PragmaticLinux

        The new kid in town in Python land is pipx. With pipx, you install and run Python applications in a convenient way. Under the hood, it automatically creates a virtual environment for the Python application and adds the executable, to a location on your user’s PATH. You can think of pipx as Flatpak, but then dedicated to install and run Python applications. This hands-on article teaches you all you need to know about how to install Python applications with pipx.

      • FAQForgeKakoune Editor – Alternative for Vi Editor on Ubuntu

        Kakoune is highly inspired by Vi therefore it looks slightly similar to experienced developers and system admins. Kakoune is a modal code editor, it binds Vi keystrokes into a text editing language. It does a great job of editing files either on a local system or a server.

        Now we will observe how Kakoune is installed on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS edition. I will use Ubuntu repositories to fetch the libraries. It can also be installed from source.

      • VituxHow to Install latest Linux Kernel 5.15 on Ubuntu 20.04 – VITUX

        Linux Kernel 5.15 was released as the newest Long Term Support (LTS) kernel release on Oct 31,2021. It provides new enhancements and features including a new NTFS driver and built-in support for Intel’s Alchemist discrete graphics.

      • Linux HandbookHow to Make a File Executable in Linux terminal?

        New to Linux command line and wondering how to make a bash script or some other file executable? Here’s how to do it.

      • How to Use Linux Screen Command – Cloudbooklet

        Linux screen command is one of the most useful command whenever you perform a long-running task like zipping a huge directory or exporting a database from Linux terminal without getting interrupted by sudden connection drop or the SSH session termination. Well, this happened to everyone of us at some point. This is where the screen command comes in that allows us to resume the sessions and save us while working on big process.

        In this guide you are going to learn how to use the Linux screen command and perform your tasks.

      • ID RootHow To Install OpenLiteSpeed on Debian 11 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install OpenLiteSpeed on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, OpenLiteSpeed is a fast open-source web server application that comes with a built-in fast PHP module. One of the main advantages of LiteSpeed is that it can handle more than a hundred thousand concurrent connections with low resource usage (CPU and RAM). OpenLiteSpeed also provides a web-based user interface to manage web servers from the web browser.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the OpenLiteSpeed web server on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

      • Linux CapableHow to Enable/Disable Firewall on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS

        When it comes to firewall protection for your system, the default Ubuntu UFW program is a great option. It is short for “uncomplicated firewall.” It allows users with little knowledge on how Linux IPTABLES so you can secure your home network or server without the need to learn complicated long-tail commands that is more for the sysadmin side of things.

        The tutorial is aimed more at new Ubuntu desktop users, but servers can also use the same commands on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish. You will learn how to check, enable and disable the UFW firewall and, for desktop users, install the firewall GUI to better control UFW for users that do not want to use the terminal in the future.

      • Linux CapableHow to Install GIMP on Rocky Linux 8

        GIMP or GNU Image Manipulation Program is an open-source program used for many different purposes. Its primary function is to center around graphic design and editing images and transcoding between various image formats, free-form drawing, and many more specialized tasks. GIMP is released under GPL-3.0-or-later license and is available for Linux, macOS, and Microsoft Windows.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn to install the GIMP on Rocky Linux 8 workstation using two methods with appstream dnf package manager or the flatpak package manager, both of which are installed natively on your workstation, along with some tips in maintaining or removing GIMP into the future.

      • Linux CapableHow to Install Redis on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS

        Redis is an open-source (BSD licensed), in-memory key-value data structure store used as a database, cache, and message broker. Redis supports data structures such as strings, hashes, lists, sets, sorted sets with range queries, bitmaps, hyperlog logs, geospatial indexes, and streams. Redis also provides high availability with Redis Sentinel software logic, creating automatic partitioning across Redis nodes with Redis Cluster.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install Redis on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish using the terminal command line and some basic setup instructions to get you started.

      • Linux CapableHow to Install Rust on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS

        Rust is an open-source systems programming language that focuses on speed, memory safety, and parallelism. Developers use Rust to create a wide range of new software applications, such as game engines, operating systems, file systems, browser components, and simulation engines for virtual reality. Rust is syntactically similar to C++ but can guarantee memory safety by using a borrow checker for validating references.

        For users, especially developers wanting to try out Rust Programming language, the following tutorial will teach you how to import and install the latest version on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish, along with how to engage the Rust terminal with some essential tips such as updating and removing the software using the command line terminal.

    • Games

      • GamingOnLinuxValve reduces size of Steam Deck Client in the latest update | GamingOnLinux

        Valve makes a few more small tweaks to the Steam Deck in the latest client update out now and ready to download. Not a big update but still quite a welcome one, as it fixes up a few minor issues plus the size of the client is now reduced.

      • GamingOnLinuxRimWorld gets a fresh Beta with big Steam Deck upgrades | GamingOnLinux

        Building up a settlement on the go is going to be a reality soon for RimWorld fans, as a fresh Beta version is now available and ready for testing with the Steam Deck.

        Planned to release in full on April 6, they’re giving mod creators a little extra time to prepare as it’s upgraded a lot of the internals for the Steam integration so quite a few mods could break with this Beta. They said everything but a few mods should work, and you can test by opting into the “steam_deck” Beta branch (no password).

        “The update focuses on Steam Deck changes and improvements. The UI changes make it easier to read on-screen text and type with the Steam Deck keyboard, and menus look a lot better. The controls make more sense now with improved scrolling, zooming, time control, and touch screen navigation. Overall, playing RimWorld on Steam Deck should be a lot smoother with more intuitive controls. There may be more changes on the way to get RimWorld a “Verified” status for Steam Deck.” — Ludeon Studios

      • Boiling Steam1400 Games On The Steam Deck, Including Doom (2016)

        We can also plot the daily increase of new titles over time. Not sure if there is any particular reason but the number of new additions is markedly less this week compared to the previous week.

      • GamingOnLinuxArena-survival FPS Cathedral 3-D is now free to play | GamingOnLinux

        Want to try out a retro-styled arena survival FPS? Cathedral 3-D is now free to play so you’ve got nothing to lose. The free to play update included an overhaul of some gameplay elements like a redesigned magic system with easy teleportation.

        This is a very fast-paced game, with the idea that you need to protect a box that contains your heart. It’s absolutely manic and won’t be for everyone but if you love a challenge this might be a good pick for you, especially now it’s free.

      • GamingOnLinuxMy favourite proper roguelike Jupiter Hell gets a fancy upgrade | GamingOnLinux

        Love roguelikes? Want a modern game that looks good and feels great to play? Jupiter Hell is what you need. The developers just released a nice big free upgrade too.

        Version 1.3 Valhalla brings with it some pretty fun additions. There’s a rework to multiple parts of the level generation, especially for Valhalla Spaceport, which has a new tough boss fight included. The Callisto area also got a big rework to add in some more variation and special mechanics involved with some other improvements to the level generation there, plus some weapon additions to each part of Callisto too. Some new visuals have been added, smoke now slows people down but not for the technician character who is “master of smoke” they say and plenty more.

      • GamingOnLinuxAMD FidelityFX Super Resolution 2.0 announced | GamingOnLinux

        For those who don’t use it and are confused: the whole idea is that it produces high-resolution outputs from lower resolution inputs. It’s one way to get good performance at 4K for example, for games that are a bit too resource intensive. It can work with many resolutions and the Steam Deck has FSR built-in.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • UbuntuKDE snaps performance revving up

          Speed, or rather, responsiveness is an essential part of the software usage experience. This applies to every technology and domain, snaps included. Indeed, when it comes to snaps, the equation is a bit more complicated and slightly less straightforward because snaps are packaged as compressed, standalone applications and wrapped in a number of security confinement mechanisms, which set them apart from the classical desktop programs. However, the speed and responsiveness imperative remains.

          Over the years, the snap development team has put a lot of effort into making snaps more accessible to the users. One of the main venues of focus has been the startup performance of applications. Notably, improvements in the use of the compression algorithm for snaps has led to 30-60% boost in startup times. Developers have started adopting the new LZO algorithm in their workflows, with positive results and feedback from the users. In today’s article, we want to share with you a fresh set of data from the KDE community.

    • Distributions

      • New Releases

      • Debian Family

        • Debian Community News: Maria Glukhova, Dmitry Bogatov & Debian Russia, Google, debian-private leaks

          The Free Software Fellowship team has recently blogged about Fedora’s relationship with Iran and Russia. Now it is our turn in the Debian Community News Team to look at Debian with the explosive leak of 185 emails from debian-private about the arrest of Dmitry Bogatov in Russia.

          Was Bogatov really a victim of the Russian state or was his arrest another example of smoke and mirrors, like a false-flag operation, encouraging western developers to show sympathy towards Russian cyberspies?

          Can we spot the machinations of psyops officers in these email discussions?

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • LinuxiacUbuntu Changed the Design of Its Logo, Here’s What It Looks Like Now

          In preparation for the upcoming Ubuntu 22.04 Long-Term Support update, due in April, Canonical has unveiled a new Ubuntu logo.

          Ubuntu is, without a doubt, the most well-known desktop Linux distribution on the planet. Canonical, the Ubuntu creator, announced some exciting news yesterday: the Linux-based operating system is having a new logo!

          The original Ubuntu logo consisted of a black rounded lowercase wordmark positioned to the right of a stylish abstract emblem consisting of a ring of three segments with three solid dots attached.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Gemini/Browsers

        • Gemini in the Most Impractical Way Possible

          There are a few cool bits. Lagrange itself works really well, at least after a few settings tweaks. The Quest’s hand tracking also works in Lagrange so there’s no need for controllers. Instead you can point at the screen and pinch the air to interact with it. That’s pretty neat but admittedly far from ergonomic. It gets tiring after just a few minutes with how much scrolling is needed.

          One plus is being able to resize the screen to however big you want it and move it anywhere in your workspace. Did you know that if you have a big enough screen, Lagrange will intelligently switch from the mobile UI to the desktop UI?

          I managed to even get my Station client certificate imported, though that was quite the exercise. Apparently adb doesn’t have a good way of sending a piece of text to a connected device’s clipboard, otherwise I could send my certificate that way. The Quest also doesn’t have a built-in file browser, so copy pasting it from a file wasn’t an option either. I ended up starting a simple, local http server on my laptop that served my certificate as a text file. From there I could connect to it from the Quest and copy paste the certificate into Lagrange. Phew!

  • Leftovers

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Security

          • LWNSecurity updates for Thursday

            Security updates have been issued by Debian (flac, openssl, and openssl1.0), Fedora (nbd, pesign, and rust-regex), openSUSE (ansible, java-1_8_0-openjdk, libreoffice, and stunnel), Oracle (expat, glibc, and virt:ol and virt-devel:rhel), Red Hat (expat, redhat-ds:11.3, and virt:av and virt-devel:av), SUSE (atftp, java-1_8_0-openjdk, libreoffice, python3, and stunnel), and Ubuntu (apache2, bind9, firefox, fuse, and man-db).

          • The Register UKNSA spies ample opportunities to harden Kubernetes [Ed: Why would anyone trust the NSA on security? It's not what they do; they undermine security.]

            If Kubernetes is so complicated that even Google is automating its setup, then it’s worth paying attention when U.S. spy giant, the National Security Agency (NSA) points to strengthening it.

            Kubernetes, as the NSA points out, provides “several flexibility and security benefits compared to traditional, monolithic software platforms.” Unfortunately, that flexibility comes with a lot of moving pieces with their own cybersecurity considerations.

            The NSA and Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) recently updated their Kubernetes Hardening Guidance [PDF] which, while designed for government agencies, is still a great set of recommendations for independent organizations.

          • USCERTWordPress Releases Security Update

            WordPress versions prior to 5.9.2 are affected by multiple vulnerabilities. Exploitation of some of these vulnerabilities could allow a remote attacker to take control of an affected website.

          • CISAISC Releases Security Advisories for BIND | CISA

            The Internet Systems Consortium (ISC) has released security advisories that address vulnerabilities affecting multiple versions of ISC Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND). A remote attacker could exploit these vulnerabilities to cause a denial-of-service condition.

            CISA encourages users and administrators to review the following ISC advisories and apply the necessary updates or workarounds.

          • CISAOpenSSL Releases Security Updates | CISA

            OpenSSL has released security updates addressing a vulnerability affecting multiple versions of OpenSSL. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability to cause a denial-of-service condition.

            CISA encourages users and administrators to review the OpenSSL Advisory and upgrade to the appropriate version.

          • CISADrupal Releases Security Updates | CISA

            Drupal has released security updates to address vulnerabilities affecting Drupal 9.2 and 9.3. An attacker could exploit one of these vulnerabilities to take control of an affected system.

          • Eric HameleersChromium 99 critical security fix, upgrade asap | Alien Pastures

            I have uploaded new chromium 99 packages for Slackware. The chromium-ungoogled 99 packages are currently being built and will follow shortly.

            These new packages were triggered by a recent Google Chromium update which mentions a fix for a security hole which allows remote attackers to take control of your computer. Opening a malicious advertisement or web page is already sufficient, the vulnerability does not need any interaction to do its work. See CVE-2022-0971.

          • Raphaël Hertzog: Freexian’s report about Debian Long Term Support, February 2022

            Every month we review the work funded by Freexian’s Debian LTS offering. Please find the report for February below.

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • The Guardian UKHuman rights officials call for Pegasus spyware ban at El Salvador hearing

              Senior human rights officials have repeated calls for a ban on the powerful Israeli spyware Pegasus until safeguards are in place to protect civilians from illegal hacking by governments.

              Calls for a moratorium on the sale and use of the military-grade spyware were made on Wednesday at a hearing of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) into widespread unlawful surveillance using Pegasus spyware against journalists and activists in El Salvador.

              “There’s no doubt that malware marketed for complex security threats is being manipulated and used against the media and civil society … which is having a chilling effect on democracy,” said Scott Campbell, senior human rights and technology officer of the UN office of the high commissioner for human rights.

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • Meet Ghislaine: Heiress to an Espionage Empire

        Despite being found guilty late last year for her role in sex crimes against minors, Ghislaine Maxwell, the “madam” and chief accomplice of the intelligence-linked pedophile and sex trafficker, Jeffrey Epstein, may soon walk free. A juror in the case, Scotty David, subsequently took credit for the jury’s decision to find Ghislaine Maxwell guilty and “inadvertently” revealed that he had incorrectly answered a pre-trial questionnaire. As a result, the possibility of a mistrial, and Ghislaine walking free, now looms large.

        David has some interesting connections, as he currently works for the Carlyle Group – the global investment firm whose ties to the bin Laden family during the early 2000s have come under scrutiny. Carlyle’s executives often have ties to intelligence, with one example being its former chairman and then chairman emeritus, Frank Carlucci, who had been deputy director of the CIA and, later, Reagan’s Secretary of Defense. Carlyle’s current co-founder and co-chairman David Rubenstein, as noted in this article from Free Press Report, served on the board of the influential Trilateral Commission during the same time as Jeffrey Epstein, while his ex-wife Alice Rogoff (divorced in 2017) had a very close working relationship with Ghislaine Maxwell, including with her now defunct “charity” the TerraMar Project. Given the fact that there are known ties between David’s employer and Ghislaine Maxwell, why has this potential conflict of interest gone unmentioned by mainstream media?

        Not only that, but – according to a family member of one of the women who testified against Maxwell during her trial – David was connected with the journalist who would publish the now infamous, post-verdict report via Vicky Ward. Ward has been denounced by Epstein victims and others close to the case for having had a past “chummy” relationship with Ghislaine Maxwell she declined to disclose for years and for subsequently telling Ghislaine that Epstein victim Maria Farmer had been the person who had first reported Maxwell and Epstein to the FBI back in 1996. Farmer later claims that Ward’s lack of journalistic integrity, after promising to keep Farmer’s identity secret, had put her life in danger and forced her into hiding.

        It seems that there is, yet again, a major cover-up in the works, one which involves major centers of financial and political power in New York City and beyond. In order to fully understand the sexual trafficking and blackmail operation that Maxwell and Epstein oversaw, and why powerful forces apparently continue to intervene in the case, one must first understand its genesis, particularly how and why Ghislaine Maxwell arrived in New York City. In this second installment of “Meet Ghislaine” (read Part 1 here), the beginnings of Ghislaine’s career – closely controlled by her father, Robert Maxwell, until his 1991 death – are followed in detail.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • AccessNowIran: Human rights groups sound alarm against draconian Internet Bill

        We, the undersigned human rights and civil society organizations, are alarmed by Iranian parliament’s move to ratify the general outlines of the draconian “Regulatory System for Cyberspace Services Bill,” previously known as the “User Protection Bill” and referred to hereafter as “the Bill.” If passed, the Bill will violate an array of human rights of people in Iran, including the right to freedom of expression and right to privacy. We urge the Iranian authorities to immediately withdraw the Bill in its entirety. We further call on the international community, along with states engaged in dialogue with Iranian authorities, to ensure that the promotion and protection of human rights in Iran is prioritized, including by urging Iran’s parliament to rescind the Bill as a matter of urgency.

        While UN Human Rights Council member states will soon vote on whether to renew the mandate of the Special Rapporteur on Iran, the Iranian parliament is attempting to further curtail the rights of people inside Iran with passage of this Bill. If implemented, this will carry grave risks of increased and even complete communication blackouts in Iran, and it is likely to be used as a tool to conceal serious human rights violations.

      • AccessNow#KeepItOn: How to stop internet shutdowns in Ukraine – Access Now

        Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine includes a broad range of cyberattacks, such as DDoS attacks on websites, blocking mobile connections, and other forms of deliberate disruption. Access Now and the #KeepItOn coalition are documenting these attacks, some of which represent internet shutdowns and/or acts of censorship. They are exacerbating the humanitarian crisis in Ukraine — just as shutdowns have in other parts of the world.

        When governments like Russia’s interfere with internet access or block communications platforms, they prevent human right defenders, journalists, activists, and the public from getting access to information and reporting what is happening on the ground. It is often a deliberate attempt to hide human rights violations and atrocities and amplify state propaganda by removing access to alternative news sources. It is imperative that the international community, including U.N. bodies, tech companies, telecommunications providers, and other relevant actors, act now to protect and maintain the communications infrastructure in Ukraine and demand accountability for those who damage it.

      • The RecordHow Telegram found itself in the middle of the war between Russia and Ukraine

        When Russia invaded Ukraine late last month, Dasha Tkachuk, like many Ukrainians, found herself relying on one app in particular: Telegram.

        “It is impossible not to be on Telegram [right now] — everyone uses it,” said Tkachuk, a 23-year-old sociologist living in Kyiv.

        Before the invasion, Tkachuk operated a channel on the app — which features instant messaging, public or private community-like channels, massive group chats and other social features — that shared studying opportunities for students. “We had a small audience of nearly 15,000 people, and advertisers were willing to pay nearly $30 for one post,” she said.

        Her revenue from the app dried up on Feb. 24, when Russian troops first entered the country and her clients stopped placing ads. But Tkachuk quickly found a new way to use the app — she got to work setting up several Telegram channels explaining what was happening in Ukraine for Russian-speaking users.

        “In Russia, people use Telegram to get the latest news just like Ukrainians do,” she said.

        The app’s popularity in the region was strong even before the ongoing war, with it serving as among the most popular sources of news among Ukrainians between the ages of 18 and 24.

    • Digital Restrictions (DRM)

      • It’s time for Congress to hold a Right to Repair hearing — The Repair Association

        If it has a microchip in it, chances are, there are issues fixing it. Our members — from repair, refurbishing and recycling businesses across every industry — have been raising the alarm about how manufacturers are pushing to monopolize repair of everything from appliances, to farm equipment, to servers and routers and even hearing aids.

        As we’ve built momentum for the Right to Repair across the country, supporting bills in 40 states, we believe it’s time for Congress to get off the sidelines.

        Yesterday, March 16, the Repair Association, along with more than 50 different organizations, sent a letter to House Judiciary Committee Chairman Jerry Nadler, Ranking Member Jim Jordan; Subcommittee on Antitrust, Commercial, and Administrative Law Chairman David Cicilline, Ranking Member Ken Buck; and Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property, and the Internet Chairman Hank Johnson, and Ranking Member Darrell Issa calling for the full House Judiciary Committee to hold a hearing on the Right to Repair. The letter includes signatures from trade associations, small businesses, public interest groups, environmental advocacy organizations, and agriculture groups.

[Meme] The Red EPO (Reminder: EPO Management Hired a Lot of Military Personnel to Run the Office)

Posted in Europe, Patents at 11:41 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

EPO combatant

Summary: Having hired people from the French and British Army to engage staff like it was the enemy (as if examiners were combatants), EPO management is in absolutely no position to portray itself as “against Putin”

European Readers, Please Contact Your National Delegation to Bemoan EPO Corruption

Posted in Europe, Patents at 10:20 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Summary: Months ago we published a similar list with photographs of delegates (the list below was last updated days ago in EPO.org); now is a good time to contact them and ask why they’re failing to represent their citizens at the EPO, and moreover approve violations of the law as proposed by Benoît Battistelli and António Campinos

Recent changes are marked in bold.

Josef KRATOCHVÍL, President, Industrial Property Office of the Czech Republic (CZ)

Deputy Chairperson

Borghildur ERLINGSDÓTTIR, Director General, Icelandic Patent Office (IS)

Member states
AL (GIF) AL Shqipëria it.gif IT Italia
at.gif AT Österreich li.gif LI Liechtenstein
be.gif BE Belgique / Bëlgie lt.gif
LT Lietuva
bg.gif BG Bălgarija lu.gif
LU Luxembourg
ch.gif CH Schweiz / Suisse / Svizzera lv.gif
LV Latvija
cy.gif CY Kýpros mc.gif
MC Monaco
cz.gif CZ Česká Republika mk.gif MK Severna Makedonija
de.gif DE Deutschland mt.gif MT Malta
dk.gif DK Danmark nl.gif NL Nederland
ee.gif EE Eesti NO.gif NO Norge
es.gif ES España pl.gif PL Polska
fi.gif FI Suomi / Finland pt.gif PT Portugal
fr.gif FR France ro.gif RO România
gb.gif GB United Kingdom Serbian flag (GIF) RS Srbija
gr.gif GR Elláda se.gif SE Sverige
HR.gif HR Hrvatska si.gif SI Slovenija
hu.gif HU Magyarország sk.gif SK Slovenská Republika
ie.gif IE Ireland / Éire sm.gif SM San Marino
is.gif IS Ísland tr.gif TR Türkiye

AL (GIF)   AL: Albania


Ms Rovena BEQIRAJ, Director General
General Directorate of Industrial Property

Alternate Representative:

Ms Rudina BOLLANO, Examination Director
General Directorate of Industrial Property

at.gif   AT: Austria


Frau Mariana KAREPOVA, Präsidentin
Österreichisches Patentamt

Alternate Representative:

Frau Raphaela TIEFENBACHER, Kommissärin für Internationale Beziehungen

Österreichisches Patentamt

Top of page

be.gif   BE: Belgium


M. Jérôme DEBRULLE, Conseiller général

Office de la Propriété Intellectuelle, Service Public Fédéral Economie, P.M.E., Classes moyennes et Energie

Alternate Representative:

M. Geoffrey BAILLEUX, Conseiller
Office de la Propriété Intellectuelle, Service Public Fédéral Economie, P.M.E., Classes moyennes et Energie

Top of page

BG: Bulgaria


Ms Vladya BORISSOVA, President

Patent Office of the Republic of Bulgaria

Alternate Representative:

Ms Iveta ISTILIYANOVA, Vice-President
Patent Office of the Republic of Bulgaria

Top of page

CH: Switzerland


Mme Catherine CHAMMARTIN, Directrice
Institut Fédéral de la Propriété Intellectuelle

Alternate Representative:

Herr Alban FISCHER, Vizedirektor und Leiter der Patentabteilung
Eidgenössisches Institut für Geistiges Eigentum

Top of page

CY: Cyprus


Ms Stalo PAPAIOANNOU, Acting Registrar, Department of Registrar of Companies and Intellectual Property
Ministry of Energy, Commerce and Industry

Alternate Representative:

Ms Soteroula TSOKOU, Officer, Department of Registrar of Companies and Intellectual Property
Ministry of Energy, Commerce and Industry

Top of page

cz.gif   CZ: Czech Republic


Mr Josef KRATOCHVÍL, President

Industrial Property Office of the Czech Republic

Alternate Representative:

Ms Svĕtlana KOPECKÁ, Director of the International Department

Industrial Property Office of the Czech Republic

Top of page

de.gif   DE: Germany


Herr Christian WICHARD, Ministerialdirigent
Bundesministerium der Justiz und für Verbraucherschutz

Alternate Representative:

Frau Cornelia RUDLOFF-SCHÄFFER, Präsidentin
Deutsches Patent- und Markenamt

Top of page

DK: Denmark


Mr Sune STAMPE SØRENSEN, Director General
Danish Patent and Trademark Office

Alternate Representative:

Mr Flemming KØNIG MEJL, Head of International Secretariat

Danish Patent and Trademark Office

Top of page

EE: Estonia


Mr Margus VIHER, Director General

Estonian Patent Office

Alternate Representative:

Ms Elle MARDO, Head of the Patent Department

Estonian Patent Office

Top of page

ES: Spain


Mr José Antonio GIL CELEDONIO, Director General
Spanish Patent and Trademark Office

Alternate Representative:

Ms Miriam VERDE TRABADA, Senior Adviser, DG Support Unit
Spanish Patent and Trademark Office

Top of page

FI: Finland


Mr Antti RIIVARI, Director General
Finnish Patent and Registration Office

Alternate Representative:

Mr Jorma HANSKI, Director, Patents and Trademarks
Finnish Patent and Registration Office

Top of page

  FR: France


M. Pascal FAURE, Directeur général
Institut National de la Propriété Industrielle

Alternate Representative:

M. Philippe CADRE, Directeur de la propriété industrielle
Institut National de la Propriété Industrielle (INPI)

Top of page

GB: United Kingdom


Mr Tim MOSS, Chief Executive and Comptroller General
Intellectual Property Office

Alternate Representative:

Mr David HOLDSWORTH, Deputy CEO and Director of Operations
Intellectual Property Office

Top of page

  GR: Greece


Mr Panagiotis KANELLOPOULOS, Director General
Industrial Property Organisation (OBI)

Alternate Representative:

Mme Catherine MARGELLOU, Deputy Director General & Legal Support
Industrial Property Organisation (OBI)

Top of page

HR: Republika Hrvatska


Ms Ljiljana KUTEROVAC, Director General
State Intellectual Property Office of the Republic of Croatia

Alternate Representative:

Ms Tanja MILOVIĆ, Acting Deputy Director General 
State Intellectual Property Office of the Republic of Croatia

Top of page

  HU: Hungary


Mr Péter LÁBODY, Vice-President, Legal Affairs
Hungarian Intellectual Property Office

Alternate Representative:

Ms Dóra GYETVAINÉ VIRÁG, Head of Patent Department
Hungarian Intellectual Property Office

Top of page

IE: Ireland


Mr James KELLY, Controller
Intellectual Property Office of Ireland

Alternate Representative:

Ms Claire O’REILLY, Head of Finance and Customer Services
Intellectual Property Office of Ireland 

Top of page

  IS: Iceland


Ms Borghildur ERLINGSDÓTTIR, Director General

Icelandic Patent Office

Alternate Representative:

Ms Elfa Íshólm ÓLAFSDÓTTIR, Head of Finance and Operations

Icelandic Patent Office

Top of page

  IT: Italy


Mr Mauro MASI, Delegate for Intellectual Property
Directorate General for Global Affairs
Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Alternate Representative:

Mr Antonio LIROSI, Director General
Directorate General for the protection of industrial property – Italian Patent and Trademark Office
Ministry of Economic Development

Top of page

LI: Liechtenstein


Frau Ute HAMMERMANN, Abteilungsleiterin, Immaterialgüterrecht
Amt für Volkswirtschaft

Alternate Representative:

Herr Panagiotis POTOLIDIS-BECK, Leiter, Abteilung Wirtschaft und Entwicklung
Amt für Auswärtige Angelegenheiten

Top of page

  LT: Lithuania

Ms Lina MICKIENĖ, Acting Director
State Patent Bureau
of the Republic of Lithuania

Alternate Representative:

Ms Dovilė TEBELŠKYTĖ, Head, Law and International Affairs Division
State Patent Bureau of the Republic of Lithuania

Top of page

lu.gif   LU: Luxembourg


Mme Iris DEPOULAIN, Chargée de la direction
Office de la propriété intellectuelle

Ministère de l’Economie

Alternate Representative:

M. Claude SAHL, Chef du secteur "Législation"

Office de la propriété intellectuelle

Ministère de l’Economie

Top of page

LV: Latvia


Mr Agris BATALAUSKIS, Director
Patent Office of the Republic of Latvia

Alternate Representative:

Ms Ieva Ābelīte, Director of Legal and Administrative Department
Patent Office of the Republic of Latvia

Top of page

MC: Monaco


M. Jean-Pierre SANTOS, Chef de Division, Division de la Propriété Intellectuelle
Direction de l’Expansion Economique

Alternate Representative:

Mme Isabelle BROWARNYJ, Responsable du système d’information, Division de la Propriété Intellectuelle

Direction de l’Expansion Economique

Top of page

mk.gif   MK: Severna Makedonija


Mr Ibush JUSUFI, Director
State Office of Industrial Property

Alternate Representative:

Ms Luljeta DEARI, Head of IT

State Office of Industrial Property

Top of page

  MT: Malta


Mr Godwin WARR, Director General Commerce Department, Comptroller of Industrial Property

Ministry for the Economy, Investment and Small Business

Alternate Representative:

Mr Matthew PISANI, Director Industrial Property Registrations, Commerce Department

Ministry for the Economy, Investment and Small Business

Top of page

NL: Netherlands


Mr Thijs SPIGT, Director

Netherlands Patent Office

Alternate Representative:

Mr Paul VAN BEUKERING, Unit Manager
Ministry of Economic Affairs

Top of page



Ms Kathrine MYHRE, Director General

Norwegian Industrial Property Office

Alternate Representative:

Mr Jostein SANDVIK, Director, Legal and International Affairs

Norwegian Industrial Property Office

Top of page

PL: Poland

Ms Patrycja CZUBKOWSKA, Vice-President
Patent Office of the Republic of Poland 

Alternate Representative:

Ms Anna DACHOWSKA, Director of the Cabinet of the President, International Cooperation Division

Patent Office of the Republic of Poland

Top of page

  PT: Portugal


Ms Ana Margarida BANDEIRA, President of the Directive Council
National Institute of Industrial Property (INPI)

Alternate Representative:

Ms Margarida MATIAS, Member of the Directive Council
National Institute of Industrial Property (INPI)

Top of page

RO: Romania


Mr Marian Cătălin BURCESCU, Director General
State Office for Inventions and Trademarks

Alternate Representative:

Ms Adriana ALDESCU, Head of Patent Administration Service
State Office for Inventions and Trademarks

Top of page

Serbian flag (GIF)
  RS: Serbia


Mr Vladimir MARIĆ, Director
Intellectual Property Office of the Republic of Serbia

Alternate Representative:
Ms Aleksandra MIHAILOVIĆ, Acting Assistant Director of the Patent Sector
Intellectual Property Office of the Republic
of Serbia

Top of page

  SE: Sweden


Mr Peter STRÖMBÄCK, Director General
Swedish Patent and Registration Office

Alternate Representative:

Ms Marie ERIKSSON, Head of Legal Affairs, Patent Department
Swedish Patent and Registration Office

Top of page

SI: Slovenia


Ms Karin ŽVOKELJ, Acting Director
Slovenian Intellectual Property Office

Alternate Representative:

Ms Helena ZALAZNIK, Head of Patent and SPC Section

Slovenian Intellectual Property Office

Top of page

  SK: Slovakia


Mr Matúš MEDVEC, President

Industrial Property Office of the Slovak Republic

Alternate Representative:

Mr Emil ŽATKULIAK, Head, International Affairs Department

Industrial Property Office of the Slovak Republic

Top of page

sm.gif  SM: San Marino


Ms Silvia ROSSI, Director

State Office for Patents and Trademarks

Alternate Representative:

M. Bruno CINQUANTINI, Advisor

Secretariat of State for Industry, Handcraft and Commerce

State Office for Patents and Trademarks

Top of page

TR: Turkey


Mr Habip ASAN, President

Turkish Patent and Trademark Office

Alternate Representative:

Mr Salih BEKTAŞ, Head of Patent Department

Turkish Patent and Trademark Office

EPO Strike Participation Will Help Correct a Corrupt Office Which Harms Science, Weakens Europe’s Economy, and Abolishes Human Rights

Posted in Europe, Patents at 10:10 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link | md5sum 2dcda7b17550f714380c2a762aaad77f
The Call for EPO Strike Participation
Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivative Works 4.0

Summary: EPO staff in all sites (multiple different countries and cities) will be on strike next week, coinciding with the “e-Meeting” of the Administrative Council (warning: epo.org link)

I MYSELF have long antagonised bosses, even at risk to myself. So I’m not being a hypocrite here; I think all EPO staff needs to go on strike next Tuesday. Risky? Maybe. But the more people participate, the lower the collective risk becomes. Show solidarity to your colleagues! Object to corrupt managers.

EPO CalendarAs noted in the video above, I don’t expect media to pay any attention, but this coming weekend I’ll examine the stock of news and blogs, as usual. I don’t suppose many politicians, maybe just the usual few (e.g. in Germany and in Ireland), will bring up the subject. But lots of stakeholders quietly/silently — sometimes just passively — pay attention. They wish to get real information and based on that information they can decide what to do. The EPO’s Web site has become 100% propaganda because EPO management is well aware of the harm to its reputation. Benoît Battistelli‘s departure solved nothing and António Campinos is even worse in some ways.

The video above mostly covers or goes through some of the ‘pamphlets’ motivating or rallying staff to go on strike 5 days from now, showing solidarity by joining colleagues. There’s power in numbers and also safety in numbers. They cannot punish the staff when most of the staff refuses to work. Stakeholders do pay attention, even if most of them are too timid to say something in public. Many sympathise fully with the examiners, but at the same time they’re afraid of retribution within their workplace (e.g. law firm or legal department of some large company).

It’s going to be common to see people online at the EPO with a banner like the one below:

SUEPO strike banner

Tomorrow the staff will be meeting to coordinate action, sadly in a platform that’s colluding with EPO management. “More good reasons to follow the Action Plan and to strike on 22 March” were published earlier today, showing the financial rationale [PDF] (there are many reasons other than money). To quote: “On July 2020 the new Salary Adjustment Procedure (SAP) has been implemented. After only 2 years of application of the SAP our salaries and respectively also our pensions have been massively cut. In The Netherlands, our salaries and pensions lost -7.2% of purchasing power only this year! If you don’t agree with losing even more, come and join our actions and strike on 22 March! Come to our get-together in Rijswijk.”

A day earlier this caricature got published, reminding workers to slow down a bit and focus on doing things right (as per the EPC).

Why go faster?

There’s this publication [PDF] that goes along with it. “The EPO saves money from having less people doing the work of more,” it says. “Not even a several-year-long pandemic has slowed down this trend.”

This is typical all across the board, not just the EPO. But at the EPO they’re increasing fees and saving loads of money. There’s no justification for penalising staff and pensioners.

Edward Snowden’s LibrePlanet 2016 Talk

Posted in Free/Libre Software, FSF at 7:02 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link

Summary: To repeat the gist, “Edward Snowden, NSA whistleblower, and ACLU Technologist Daniel Kahn Gillmor discuss free software, surveillance, power, and future control. John Sullivan, FSF executive director, gave the opening remarks.”

Licence: CC BY 4.0

Links 17/3/2022: Libtool 2.4.7 and Ubuntu Mascot Artworks

Posted in News Roundup at 6:38 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • LWNGeneralized address-space isolation [LWN.net]

        The disclosure of the Meltdown and Spectre vulnerabilities put a spotlight on the risks that come with sharing address spaces too widely. Even if the protection mechanisms provided by the hardware should prevent access to sensitive data, those vulnerabilities can often be used to leak that data anyway. So, from the beginning, mitigation strategies have included reducing the sharing of address spaces, but there is more that could be done and ongoing interest in doing so. Now, this patch set posted by Junaid Shahid (containing work from Ofir Weisse and inspired by earlier patches from Alexandre Chartre) shows what would be required to create a general address-space isolation (ASI) mechanism for the kernel.

      • LWNWhen and why to deprecate filesystems [Ed: Nobody wants to say the real reason Reiserfs is being discarded]

        It is a good bet that a significant amount of code in the kernel is entirely unused. Even so, that code must still be maintained and shipped, posing an ongoing cost to the development community. What should be done with code that is unmaintained and, possibly, unused? Answering that question requires understanding which users still exist, if any, and taking a hard look at what the future support requirements for that code will be. The kernel community has recently discussed this problem in the context of filesystems, and the Reiserfs filesystem in particular, with a focus on the approaching 2038 deadline.

        Removing support for old hardware is difficult enough, but there does often come a point where it becomes possible. If a particular device has been unavailable for years and nobody can point to one in operation, it may be time to remove the support from the kernel. Another strong sign is a complete lack of maintainer interest; that led to the recent decision to remove support for the NDS architecture, for example. Filesystems can be harder, though; they are independent of the hardware and can thus live far longer than any particular device type. Users can hold onto a familiar filesystem type for a long time after most of the world has moved on.

        Reiserfs is certainly a case in point; this filesystem was first covered in LWN in 1999; it found its way into the 2.4.1 kernel the next year despite a fair amount of opposition based on the allegedly stable nature of 2.4 releases. There were a number of reasons for the inclusion of Reiserfs; chief among them, perhaps, was that it was the first Linux filesystem to support journaling. This filesystem attracted a fair amount of interest in its early days and some distributions adopted it as the default choice, but its own developers quickly moved on to other things; by 2004, Hans Reiser was arguing against enhancing Reiserfs, saying instead that his new Reiser4 filesystem should be adopted instead. In the end, Reiser4 was never merged, but Reiserfs lives on in the kernel.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to Install Docker on Ubuntu 22.04 / 20.04 LTS

        Docker is a free and open source tool designed to build, deploy, and run applications inside containers. Host on which docker is installed is known docker engine. Docker uses the OS level virtualization and providers container run time environment. In other words, Docker can also defined as PaaS (platform as service) tool.

        As docker is a daemon based service, so make sure docker service is up and running. When you launch an application which needs multiple containers to spin up and there is dependency among the containers then in such scenarios, docker compose is the solution.
        In this guide, we will cover how to install Docker on Ubuntu 22.04 and 20.04 step by step and will also cover docker compose installation and its usage.

      • Linux Shell TipsHow to Install Drupal CMS in RHEL 8 Linux

        CMS platforms have an undisputed grip in the World Wide Web and Drupal qualifies as one of the unique candidates in this docket.

        CMS platforms make it easier and more flexible to create and manage both the content and users that have partial/full administrative privilege on such content.

        Also, CMS platforms like Drupal support numerous plugins to make your website more extensive. You get to create new/customizable web pages, comment sections, and other useful tweaks that will meet your CMS objectives.

      • H2S MediaInstall Fotoxx Image Editor on Debian 11 Bullseye – Linux Shout

        Learn the commands to install Fotoxx on Debian 11 Bullseye Linux. The software is an image management and image editing program that focuses on the simple and fast operation. Beginners, in particular, should be offered a tool to make working with digital images under Linux much easier.

        In contrast to programs like Shotwell, no internal database is used, but the existing folder structure on the data medium, as with gThumb or Geeqie. However, it should be noted that an internal index is created when the program is started for the first time so that metadata can be found more quickly. As long as this indexing is running, images can be viewed but not edited. Whether the program lives up to its reputation “for people who find F-Spot too limited but GIMP too complicated” is something you should try for yourself.

      • NVISO LabsInvestigating an engineering workstation – Part 1

        In this series of blog posts we will deal with the investigation of an engineering workstation running Windows 10 with the Siemens TIA Portal Version 15.1 installed. In this first part we will cover some selected classic Windows-based evidence sources, and how they behave with regards to the execution of the TIA Portal and interaction with it. The second part will focus on specific evidence left behind by the TIA Portal itself and how to interpret it. Extracting information from a project and what needs to be considered to draw the right conclusions from this data will be the focus of the third post. Last but not least we will look at the network traffic generated by the TIA portal and what we can do in case the traffic is not being dissected nicely by Wireshark.

      • David RosenthalStorage Update: Part 1

        It is past time for an update on storage technology. There is so much to write that I need to break it into multiple parts. Below the fold, I start with two papers reporting developments that could increase the performance of DNA data storage significantly.

      • RachelDumb things you can sometimes do with hard links

        Here’s a very old and stupid trick you could do with some filesystems in some situations back in the day… and might still be able to do in a few places today.

      • uni TorontoWhere cut comes into Unix (and a bit on the history of awk)

        The cut command is in some ways one of those little Unix oddities, because in many ways (although not all of them) it duplicates the functionality of awk. Both commands have been part of my Unix landscape for long enough that I don’t think about where they come from, but today I wound up curious about cut’s history.

      • RachelMore stories about stacks of modems

        Back in January, you might have seen my post about a very large BBS which seemed to solve for the problem of “how do we host a bunch of users” by having one physical box per user. It might have been one physical box per *two* users, maybe, but it’s hard to say.

      • Jeff GeerlingASUSTOR Lockerstor 4RS Review – 1U 4-drive NAS

        In this blog post, I’ll quickly recap the main features, then give more impressions of the unit from our experience setting it up, and my Dad’s use of it at the station since we recorded the video.

      • TeleportSSH into Docker Container or Use Docker Exec?

        SSH has always been the default mechanism to get remote shell access into a running Unix or Linux operating system from a terminal client to execute commands. While SSH is familiar, Docker provides more lightweight and easier-to-use methods that don’t require running your container with an SSH server. This post will explore two methods to get shell access into a Docker container using OpenSSH and the docker exec command.

      • Install GNU Fortran on Fedora
      • UNIX CopTerraform: Importing Existing Infrastructure Part-2
      • How to Find Motherboard Model and Serial Number in Linux – Putorius

        If you ever wanted to update your BIOS or make any other hardware changes to your Linux system, you likely needed the motherboard information. There is a handy little command line tool called dmidecode that we have written about in the past. This program will dump a ton of information about the hardware on your system. It’s name is short for DMI decode because it can display all the information in the DMI Table (SMBIOS). In this case we are going to use specific switches to find the motherboard model and serial number in Linux system.

      • UNIX CopHow to install Apache Cordova on Debian 11

        Hello, friends. In this short post, we will help you to install Apache Cordova on Debian 11. This tool is used to create mobile applications.

      • UNIX CopTerraform: Importing Existing Infrastructure
    • Distributions

      • Top 10 Most Beautiful Linux Distributions [Featured]

        We give you the top 10 beautiful Linux Distributions of 2022. They are a visual treat to your eyes while being a robust operating system.

      • TechRepublicDahliaOS is a look into what Google’s Fuschia could become

        I’ve tried just about every flavor of Linux known to humankind. Over the year, there have been a few new distributions and/or desktops to really excite me (such as Pop!_OS, Cutefish, the latest KDE Neon and the latest from ZorinOS) but for the most part, releases have become incremental steps forward (which is at least still progress) to shine on what is already quite good.

        But every so often, a distribution comes along and catches my attention. Such is the case with dahliaOS. Now, before you get too excited, dahliaOS is still very much in alpha stage development, so this isn’t something you’re going to want to slap onto a desktop and make it your go-to. Nope. dahliaOS is far from ready for prime time. In fact, who’s to say if it ever will be ready for your production desktops. Even so, it’s pretty fascinating.

      • BSD

        • Frederic CambusFreeBSD on the Vortex86DX CPU

          After trying NetBSD and OpenBSD on my DMP EBOX 3300A-H with a Vortex86DX CPU, I was curious to see how FreeBSD would fare on such constrained systems these days.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Enterprisers ProjectHybrid work: 3 cultural pitfalls to avoid
        • Enterprisers ProjectThe new CEO: Chief Empathy Officer

          When I first joined Futurice as the new group CEO, I decided to schedule some get-to-know-you meetings with the various offices throughout Europe. In one of those meetings, I confused the Finnish cities of Tampere and Turku – a bad mistake to make among Finns. (And I am Finnish! I should have known better.) It started a storm of jokes that led to the team in Tampere immortalizing my mistake – they made t-shirts and wore them on the next group call. I’ve been paying for it ever since with the giggles and jokes that come with a screw-up from the boss.

          This opportunity to be vulnerable with my teams has led to emails, suggestions, complaints, and other communications from across the company that still come to me each day. They are keeping me in the loop. It’s just one powerful lesson on how the work world has changed and how leadership needs to strategically change with it.

          Being vulnerable is just one way to build trust, and it is rooted in a new era of recognizing empathy as a core leadership quality. I am no longer just the Chief Executive Officer. Now, if I really want to promote the growth and development of our company, I am also the Chief Empathy Officer.

        • LWNFedora considers curl-minimal [LWN.net]

          The curl utility is a command-line program (and associated library) for interacting with various network protocols; it is commonly used to do things like transferring data from a remote server over HTTP or HTTPS using a URL. But curl also supports a lot more protocols, some of which are probably rarely used, obsolete, deprecated, or all three. As a recent discussion on the Fedora devel mailing list shows, though, it is hard to find agreement that support for only some of those protocols should be installed by default, while others might be left in an optional package for those who need them.

          A proposal to install a minimal version of curl by default starting with Fedora 37 was posted to the list on February 22. As is usual for feature proposals, it was posted on behalf of the feature owners, Zbigniew Jędrzejewski-Szmek and Kamil Dudka, by Fedora program manager Ben Cotton. The idea is to make the curl-minimal package (and it companion libcurl-minimal) the default for installation on Fedora systems, while allowing users to switch to the full curl package (and libcurl) if they need it. The minimal variants “are compiled with various semi-obsolete protocols and infrequently-used features disabled: DICT, GOPHER, IMAP, LDAP, LDAPS, MQTT, NTLM, POP3, RTSP, SMB, SMTP, SFTP, SCP, TELNET, TFTP, brotli compression, IDN2 names”, while both packages support HTTP, HTTPS, and FTP.

          There are two benefits for Fedora described in the proposal. The infrequently used protocols are not as well tested as the others and “are a source of security bugs”. Most people are not using them anyway, so removing them reduces the attack surface for the default installation. In addition, the minimal packages are smaller, saving 8MB, which is a reduction of 12%.

        • LWNFedora’s missing Chromium updates

          Google’s Chrome browser seemingly dominates the Internet at this point, but that does not mean that everybody wants to run it. Chrome, of course, is built on an open-source project called Chromium but is not an open-source product itself; it includes a number of proprietary add-ons. But the Chromium source is out there and can, with some effort, be used to build a working, open-source browser; a number of distributors do so. But Chromium is famously hard to package, and distributors have, at times, struggled to keep up with it; a recent discussion in the Fedora community has brought new attention to this problem.

          Comparisons between Chrome and Chromium often focus on what the latter browser lacks. It doesn’t have Google’s automatic updates, for example, and it is missing a number of codecs for problematic media formats. Chromium’s ability to use the Google bookmark-synchronization feature was taken away in 2021. But Chromium users can also point to what is gained, starting with the fact that it is free software. Chromium lacks many of the data-reporting mechanisms found in Chrome and is rather less insistent about using one’s Google ID with random web sites. Distributors can also add their own features as well.

          The problem with Chromium is that it is a huge and messy program to build. The source tarball (compressed) weighs in at well over 1GB. The list of dependencies is long; some of those are bundled with the browser source, while others must be provided by the operating system. The result is that even an out-of-the-box build can be challenging; if the distributor has to make changes to meet its own requirements, the problem gets harder yet.

          Fedora does have its own requirements. As a general rule, bundled libraries are not acceptable; packages are expected to use the shared libraries provided by the distribution. Chromium, like other applications, is expected to integrate with the rest of the Fedora environment — working well with the Wayland display system, for example. Red Hat’s legal team places its own requirements on software that can be shipped, meaning that some of the code (codecs, primarily) that is part of Chromium must be excluded from the build. And, just because that all isn’t challenging enough, Fedora builds the browser with GCC, despite the fact that the Chromium developers use LLVM.

      • Debian Family

        • IT WireThree candidates in running to be Debian leader

          For the first time, a candidate from Japan has joined the fray, with Hideki Yamane, who has been a developer for the last 12 years deciding to contest.

          The other candidates are the current leader, Jonathan Carter, and Felix Lechner, who describes himself as “foreigner for life”. South African Carter has been the leader for the last two years.

        • LWNBelenios: a system for secret voting [LWN.net]

          As highlighted by the discussion of, and amendments to, the Debian GR, secret voting means different things to different people. Generally, though, people want trustworthy elections foremost, which means that voters (and those affected) need to understand and believe in the mechanisms used to cast their ballots and tabulate the results. There are cryptographic protocols that can be used to provide a technical solution to some or all of those problems, but there are social and other considerations that may render them unusable in real elections—at least those held by governments at various levels. Our coverage of a talk at linux.conf.au 2020 can help with some of the reasons for that, along with accounts of poorly written implementations of the cryptographic protocols for voting systems.

          Debian currently has two types of votes: an annual election for the Debian project leader (DPL)—this year’s DPL election process started on March 5—and for GRs that get the requisite support from Debian developers (DDs). Six developers can force a vote on any issue via a GR, one sponsor and five seconds is all that it takes. All of the voting is done via PGP-signed email and the ballots and voter lists are published for all to see after the vote. The difference is that DPL election results do not provide a mapping from voter to ballot, while GR voters and ballots are matched up, so everyone can see how each voter chose to rank the options on the ballot.

          Debian uses the Condorcet voting system, which allows voters to rank their choices of candidates or proposals, with some specific mechanisms for dealing with the relatively unlikely circular results that can arise at times. It is, already, a fairly complicated scheme that requires some sophisticated thinking from voters in order to understand how it works. Various other forms of ranked voting have been used in governmental (and other) elections to try to avoid some of those complexities for elections with a less-technical electorate.

          For both Debian election types, anyone can use the published ballots to verify that the reported results match the votes cast; any DD can also directly see that their recorded vote matches how they voted for GR elections. For DPL elections, the devotee vote-collecting system returns a secret code to voters when a correctly signed ballot is submitted via email; that code can be used with the hash value reported in the tally sheet to verify that their vote was included in the ballots. In both cases, developers who did not vote can check to ensure that no vote was recorded for them, either by checking the separate voter list for DPL elections or on the tally sheet for a resolution. All of that adds up to a level of transparency for Debian voting.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • Its FOSSUbuntu has a ‘Weird Looking’ New Logo

          There are several elements of the Ubuntu branding. For its fans, the orange and purple color symbolizes Ubuntu.

          In addition to that, Ubuntu has logo that consists of a wordmark (ubuntu written in text) and a graphic symbol in orange color.

        • OMG UbuntuThese AI-Made Ubuntu Mascot Artworks are Incredible

          Every Ubuntu release has a codename composed of an adjective and an animal. These cute and irreverent pairings lead to a spurt of artwork created by professional and amateur artists, illustrators, photographers, and graphics designers alike.

          But open source enthusiast Simon Butcher (who is also head of research platforms at Queen Mary University London, so knows a thing or two about bespoke computing workloads) decided to take a different approach.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • FSF

        • GNU Projects

          • GNUlibtool-2.4.7 released
            Howdy, Libtoolers!
            After a long hiatus, the Libtool Team is pleased to announce the release of
            libtool 2.4.7.
            GNU Libtool hides the complexity of using shared libraries behind a
            consistent, portable interface. GNU Libtool ships with GNU libltdl, which
            hides the complexity of loading dynamic runtime libraries (modules)
            behind a consistent, portable interface.
            Here are the compressed sources:
              https://ftpmirror.gnu.org/libtool/libtool-2.4.7.tar.gz   (1.9MB)
              https://ftpmirror.gnu.org/libtool/libtool-2.4.7.tar.xz   (996KB)
            Here are the GPG detached signatures[*]:
            Use a mirror for higher download bandwidth:
            Here are the SHA1 and SHA256 checksums:
            d3f2d5399f4bf5cbd974b812ebaca28d6492ca65  libtool-2.4.7.tar.gz
            BOlsJATqcMWQxUbrpCAqThJyLGQAFsErmy8c49SB6ag  libtool-2.4.7.tar.gz
            0c90f1b046ea9cd7b32a4b5a6a9df4b46ddb637a  libtool-2.4.7.tar.xz
            T38hfwV85lX/IlWa0iGg/Y74StH8X8tpkM7MMzqhY10  libtool-2.4.7.tar.xz
            The SHA256 checksum is base64 encoded, instead of the
            hexadecimal encoding that most checksum tools default to.
            [*] Use a .sig file to verify that the corresponding file (without the
            .sig suffix) is intact.  First, be sure to download both the .sig file
            and the corresponding tarball.  Then, run a command like this:
              gpg --verify libtool-2.4.7.tar.gz.sig
            If that command fails because you don't have the required public key,
            then run this command to import it:
              gpg --keyserver keys.gnupg.net --recv-keys 6EAC957F8EEB55C0
            and rerun the 'gpg --verify' command.
            This release was bootstrapped with the following tools:
              Autoconf 2.69
              Automake 1.16.3
              Gnulib a5218207e5
            * Noteworthy changes in release 2.4.7 (2022-03-16) [stable]
            ** New features:
              - Libtool script now supports (configure-time and runtime) ARFLAGS
                variable, which obsoletes AR_FLAGS.  This is due to naming conventions
                among other *FLAGS and to be consistent with Automake's ARFLAGS.
              - Gnulib testsuite is enabled and run during 'make check'.
              - Support the Windows version of the Intel C Compiler (icl) in
                libtool script.
              - Pass '-fsanitize=*' flags for GCC and LLVM, and '-specs=*' for GCC
                to linker.
              - Pass '-Xassembler=*' and '-Wa,*' flag to compilers and linkers.
              - The variable 'FILECMD' with default value of '/usr/bin/file' was used to
                replace existing hard coded references to '/usr/bin/file'.
              - Add MidnightBSD support.
            ** Important incompatible changes:
              - Libtool changed ARFLAGS/AR_FLAGS default from 'cru' to 'cr'.
              - Do not pass '-pthread' to Solaris linker.
              - 'libtool' and 'libtoolize' scripts now use '#! /usr/bin/env sh' shebang.
                Previously '#! /bin/sh' was used, which presents challenges for
                containerized environments.
            ** Bug fixes:
              - Fix significant slowdown of libtoolize for certain projects (regression
                introduced in 2.4.3 release) caused by infinite m4 macro recursion.
              - Mitigate the slowdown of libtool script (introduced in v2.4.3) caused by
                increased number of calls to '$SED $sed_quote_subst' (bug#20006).
              - Properly parse and export TLS symbols on AIX.
              - Various bug fixes surrounding use of 'sed'.
              - Darwin systems set proper "allow undefined" flag on OSX 11, and
                PowerPC 10.5.
              - Removed some deprecated tests related to 'Makefile.inc' files.
      • Programming/Development

        • GCCAnnouncement: gcobol

          Our project should not be confused with GnuCOBOL (https://savannah.gnu.org/projects/gnucobol). That project is a Cobol translator: it compiles Cobol to C, and invokes gcc to produce executable code. Our gcobol compiler is (currently) a fork of gcc. It implements a gcc frontend for Cobol and (obviously) invokes the gcc backend to produce executables. (We have a friendly relationship with GnuCOBOL, and its maintainer supports our undertaking.)

          Ours should also not be confused with prior efforts to create a gcc Cobol compiler. Others have tried and failed. Failure wasn

        • Linux Links12 Top Free and Open Source PHP Web Frameworks

          One of the types of software that’s important for a web developer is the web framework. A framework “is a code library that makes a developer’s life easier when building reliable, scalable, and maintainable web applications” by providing reusable code or extensions for common operations. By saving development time, developers can concentrate on application logic rather than mundane elements.

          A web framework offers the developer a choice about how to solve a specific problem. By using a framework, a developer lets the framework control portions of their application. While it’s perfectly possible to code a web application without using a framework, it’s more practical to use one.

        • Barry KaulerOE recompile pending tonight

          But was still unable to run Dunfell desktop in container, the ‘pflask’ utility failed. I chased this down to the ‘libcap-ng’ library not recognizing “CAP_SYS_MOUNT”, which is a new Linux Capability that I patched into the Linux kernel.

        • Linux HintHow to Apply Try Catch Block in PHP

          Exception handling is a very important feature of any object-oriented programming. When any logical or system error arrives after executing any code then it is called an exception and the technique by which the coder can correctly handle the errors is called exception handling. It is used to avoid unexpected results from the end-users, improve the application security and handle predefined errors efficiently. This feature is supported by PHP from version 5. Try and catch block is used to handle exceptions in object-oriented programming. Try block is used to throw the exception if any error occurs and catch or finally block is used to handle the exception in PHP. This tutorial will help you to learn the use of exception handling of object-oriented programming by using PHP.

        • Linux HintHow to Print Array in PHP

          Array variables are used to store multiple values in a single variable. Different types of programming problems can be solved easily by using array variables. Sometimes it requires checking the structure and values of the array variable in human-readable format for debugging purposes. The array values can be printed in PHP in different ways. Using a loop is the simplest way to print the array values. You can use two built-in functions of PHP to do this task. These are print_r() and var_dump(). If you want to get more detailed information about any array variable then you can use var_dump() because it provides information on array values by including data types. How you can use the ‘for‘ or ‘foreach’ loop and the built-in functions in PHP have been shown in this tutorial using multiple examples.

        • Linux HintPHP String Concatenation

          Joining one or more string values with another string value or variable is called string concatenation. It is a common task when we want to print any output in a more meaningful way for the user. PHP has no built-in function to join string data like other standard programming languages. But the array of string values can be joined by using some PHP built-in functions. Different ways to join string values and an array of string values have been shown in this tutorial.

        • HackadayOur Favorite Things: Binary Search

          You might not think that it would be possible to have a favorite optimization algorithm, but I do. And if you’re well-versed in the mathematical art of hill climbing, you might be surprised that my choice doesn’t even involve taking any derivatives. That’s not to say that I don’t love Newton’s method, because I do, but it’s just not as widely applicable as the good old binary search. And this is definitely a tool you should have in your toolbox, too.

        • Rust

        • Java

          • OpenSource.comUse Maven to manage your Java dependencies | Opensource.com

            As an open source enthusiast, I’ve used dozens (hundreds?) of libraries that are well beyond my skill or interest as a programmer. For a lot of people, including me, the available libraries are one of the things that makes a particular programming language worth using.

            An open source library represents hours and days you don’t have to work on a problem that’s either not central to your project or, conversely, so central that your project would be otherwise out of reach. Better still, it’s code you don’t have to maintain—unless it’s so important to you that you decide to contribute to it.

            Because open source libraries are a vital component of open source programming, most programming languages have a convenient way to ensure they’re easy to include in your codebase.

    • Standards/Consortia

      • HackadayOpenGL In 500 Lines (Sort Of…)

        How difficult is OpenGL? How difficult can it be if you can build a basic renderer in 500 lines of code? That’s what [Dmitry] did as part of a series of tiny applications. The renderer is part of a course and the line limit is to allow students to build their own rendering software. [Dmitry] feels that you can’t write efficient code for things like OpenGL without understanding how they work first.

      • VA is Leveraging APIs to Improve Patient Experience

        To drive adoption, VA has been accelerating advertisements and marketing across VA’s medical facilities. In terms of standardization, VA is using Open API, FHIR standards and the 21st Century Cures Act to enable the most applications in the veteran ecosystem as possible.

  • Leftovers

    • Counter PunchIn the Search for the Disappeared, the Seeds of a New Society

      The motto of the VI National Search Brigade, the central project of the Enlaces Nacionales (National Links) Network, is “In searching for the disappeared, we find each other”.

      It makes sense on many levels. The brigades have unearthed hundreds of human remains and clues to the whereabouts of their loved ones, disappeared throughout Mexico. Their goal is to find them and return them to their families, and that in a context where the state and a large part of society have buried their very existence.

    • Counter PunchRedemption and Wholeness Rather Than Guilt and Shame

      There is another way.

      Two years ago my wife and I undertook a pilgrimage to Auschwitz/Birkenau organized and led by the Zen Peacemakers. We stayed for a week at a retreat center by the gates of the camps and every day and most evenings we visited the wretched barracks, dungeons and torture chambers, gas chambers, crematoria, and museums of horrifying memorabilia. We sat in meditation and prayer on the railroad platform where the cattle cars unloaded their traumatized prisoners, most doomed to die there.

    • Science

      • Common DreamsScientists Find Craters—Including One Bigger Than a City Block—in Arctic Seafloor

        While thawing permafrost on land tied to human-driven global temperature rise has generated worldwide alarm in recent years, a new study out this week is garnering attention for researchers’ discoveries underwater.

        “As climate change continues to reshape the Arctic, it’s critical that we also understand changes in the submerged permafrost offshore.”

    • Education

      • The NationThe University Cannot Be Decolonized

        KA: If Black history were properly embedded into the school curriculum and into the university, there would be no need for Black history month. It’s really just an opportunity for institutions to virtue signal. They celebrate some Black stuff, but you don’t learn anything about Black history. The big difference in the UK is basically demographics, in terms of where slavery was. The British-owned slaves were in the Caribbean, not in Britain itself. It’s not like America, where slavery accounted for the Black population. It’s only since the Second World War that there have been large numbers of Black people in the UK. Initially it was adults who would come, and they would bring their children later. So it wasn’t until the 1960s that there were large number of Black kids in the schools.

      • TruthOutA Movement to Defend Pensions Sparked an Educator Uprising in Puerto Rico
    • Hardware

      • HackadayAn Old Typewriter Speaks To The World

        Typewriters are something which was once ubiquitous, yet which abruptly faded away and are now a rare sight. There was a period of a few years in which electric typewriters and computers existed side-by-side though, and it’s one of these which [Jonah Brüchert] has experimented with connecting to a computer for use as a printer or terminal.

      • HackadayA Clear Guide For A Low-Profile Bespoke Keyboard

        At the risk of stepping on our fantastic Keebin with Kristina series, a beautiful tutorial by [Ben Vallack] details how to create a custom low-profile keyboard in great detail.

      • HackadayCheap Spot Welder Teardown

        It used to be hard to dump enough electricity through two pieces of metal to meld them together. But a lithium-ion battery can do it. The question is, should it? [The Signal Path] takes a cheap battery-based spot welder apart to see what’s inside and tries to answer that question. You can see the teardown in the video below.

      • HackadayTired Of 3D Printed Skirts? Try Kisses

        One popular option when 3D printing is to have the printer draw a loop or two around the print before starting. This serves several purposes: it clears the print head for one thing. It also marks the area of the print bed in use and many people use it to adjust the leveling if necessary. However, the little scraps of plastic do add up. [Makers Mashup] decided to try something different and now uses what he dubs the landing strip and kisses method.

      • HackadaySpark Plug And Plumbing Parts Bring Nitrogen Laser Under Control

        When it comes to high-speed, high-voltage switching, there are a wealth of components to choose from — MOSFETS, thyristors, IGBTs, and even vacuum tubes like thyratrons. But who needs all that expensive silicon (or glass) when all you need to build a high-voltage switch is some plumbing fixtures and a lathe?

      • India TimesIntel, Micron CEOs to testify at U.S. Senate hearing on chip making

        Two decades ago, the United States produced nearly 40% of all chips and today it accounts for only 12% of global production, Commerce Secretary Gina Raimondo has said.

      • PC WorldIntel wants in on cloud gaming with its mysterious ‘Project Endgame’

        For the last several years Intel has been cranking up its GPU game, and it’s just about ready to step up to Nvidia and AMD with discrete “Arc” graphics cards of its own—at least in some places. But the company is never working on just one thing, and in the latest press release for the Arc graphics platform, Intel is hyping something it calls “Project Endgame.” What is that, aside from a flimsy justification to use Marvel characters in a PCWorld header image?

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • Counter PunchRand Paul’s Solution to Anthony Fauci: Three More Anthony Faucis

        US Senator Rand Paul (R-KY) has a solution: Triple the number of such institutions at the top.

        He’s introduced an amendment to Section 401 of the Public Health Service Act which would split the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases into three separate agencies (a National Institute of Allergic Diseases, a National Institute of  Infectious Diseases, and a  National Institute of Immunologic Diseases).

      • Counter PunchUnmasking the Great Unmasking

        To be clear, the virus can be transmitted before symptoms appear, and protection increases when everyone is masked (handy chart here).  I intend to continue wearing an N95 or other high-filtration mask, and I hope that my students, colleagues, and other coworkers will do so as well, since, without fit-testing, even the best mask works better as a trap than as a filter. Despite the lifting of the mandates,  we can still choose to protect each other.

        In its updated guidance, the CDC offered a new measure:  rather than “community transmission,” the new metric is “community level.”  This is calculated substantially on the basis of whether hospitals are likely to be overwhelmed, rather than on the numbers of people actually infected or sick.  Hospitalization is a lagging indicator: by the time these numbers rise, many people have already become infected and sick, and the situation will continue to worsen before it improves.

      • Pro PublicaWe’re Releasing the Data Behind Our Toxic Air Analysis

        Today ProPublica is releasing the data behind our investigative series “Sacrifice Zones,” which revealed more than 1,000 hot spots of cancer-causing industrial air pollution around the country. Researchers can now download the principal data files behind our investigation from our Data Store.

      • The Nation6 Million Covid Deaths Worldwide
      • Common DreamsWHO Chief’s Message to Nations of the World: ‘The Pandemic Is Not Over’

        At Wednesday’s World Health Organization media briefing, Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus called on countries around the world to remain vigilant in combating Covid-19, declaring that “the pandemic is not over.”

        While reported cases have been declining over the past several weeks, Tedros said that infections are once again increasing globally—especially in parts of Asia.

      • OracThe Brownstone Institute vs. “vaccine fanatics” in The Epoch Times

        Drs. Martin Kulldorff and Jay Bhattacharya are the scientific director and a senior scholar, respectively, at the Brownstone Institute, a right wing “free market” think tank founded by Jeffrey Tucker, who left his previous position as editorial director at another right wing think tank, American Institute for Economic Research (AIER), to found Brownstone as the “spiritual child of the Great Barrington Declaration.” I’m writing this post because last week I noticed an article by the two of them that repeats a common antivaccine trope that dates back to long before the pandemic, namely the claim that “vaccine fanatics” are turning people into antivaxxers (excuse me, “vaccine skeptics”). Where did they first publish their little missive? Believe it or not, they first published it on the conspiracy theory and antivax website The Epoch Times under the title How Vaccine Fanatics Fueled Vaccine Skepticism. Then, a week later, they republished it on the Brownstone Institute website under the title Vaccine Fanaticism Fuels Vaccine Skepticism. Let’s just say that publishing an article like this on The Epoch Times—which is a lot like Mike Adams‘ Natural News, only with slicker graphics, fewer ads, and only somewhat less histrionic headlines—is not a good look if you are “not antivaccine,” and both Kulldorff and Bhattacharya really, really, really don’t like being called “antivaccine,” even though both oppose COVID-19 vaccination for children, with Kulldorff even having recently written an article Should I Vaccinate My Child Against COVID?, which, predictably, concludes that the answer is no. Of course, I’ve never called either of them “antivaccine”; rather, I’ve pointed it out when they parrot—apparently unknowingly—antivaccine talking points. That doesn’t stop them from whining about being called “antivaccine.”

      • Counter PunchLabour Leader Keir Starmer, Another Thatcher Lite

        Boris “BoJo” Johnson and several of his staffers are under police investigation for holding parties at his official residence in violation of Covid lockdown restrictions in 2020.

        At the same time there is a cost-of-living squeeze draining the finances of Brits who have already suffered the longest period of wage suppression in nearly 2 centuries. The recovery since the crash of 2008 has been the most sluggish of modern times. Inequality is spiralling.

      • Counter PunchWhat an End to the COVID-Era Free School Lunch Program Will Mean for Poor Students

        How did the COVID-19 pandemic initially affect the school lunch program?

        In March 2020, nearly all U.S. K-12 school buildings closed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

      • Common DreamsAs Covid Cases Surge in China and Europe, US Defunds Pandemic Response

        The White House announced Monday it will be scaling back public health measures to fight the Covid-19 virus despite surging infections rates elsewhere in the world and critics who say that it is much too premature to act as though the pandemic is over.

        “If we’ve learned anything in this pandemic, it is that the trends in Europe precede our own.”

      • NDTVDenmark Plans To Go Tobacco-Free For Anyone Born After 2010

        Denmark unveiled plans on Tuesday to ensure that future generations are tobacco-free, and is considering banning the sale of cigarettes and other nicotine products to anyone born after 2010.

        “Our hope is that all people born in 2010 and later will never start smoking or using nicotine-based products”, Health Minister Magnus Heunicke told reporters.

      • Copenhagen PostDenmark aiming for a smoke-free generation

        No smoking and less drinking The government looked for inspiration in countries like Ireland, Sweden and Finland, which all have a goal to have a smoke-free generation by 2025 or 2030.

        In April last year, New Zealand announced a smoke-free generation – people born in 2004 or after who will never be able to buy cigarettes or tobacco products.

      • NBCLone star tick, linked to Heartland virus, now found in 6 states

        Ticks carrying a mysterious and rare virus that can sicken or even kill older adults or people with underlying conditions have been found in at least six states, a new study reported Wednesday.

        Test samples revealed that lone star ticks in Georgia had picked up the Heartland virus, Emory University researchers reported in Emerging Infectious Diseases, a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention publication.

      • NBCYear-round daylight saving time could have far-reaching effects, from health to education

        Still, the act of shifting between standard and daylight saving times is linked to a variety of negative health outcomes, according to a 2020 study, including higher rates of heart disease and more traffic accidents. So eliminating the practice of changing clocks might at least alleviate those risks.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Matt RickardGitHub Isn’t About Code

          GitHub isn’t really about code anymore. The code is an integral part, but I imagine engagement for Issues, Pages, and Discussions is significantly higher than just the code. Maybe that’s why GitHub search and discovery has historically been lacking – the signals that are typically useful don’t apply for code.

        • Pseudo-Open Source

        • Security

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • Counter PunchThe Cyber-Corporate Body Snatcher

              In fact, in the 1960s, MIT invented the first wearable computer. In true James Bond-style, it was placed in a shoe with the goal of tracking a roulette ball in a gambling casino. However, MIT’s invention never worked and in 1985, Nevada prohibited wearables in casinos.

              Despite its early disappointment, today’s wearables are everywhere. They are commonly used as fitness monitors for example. Today, there are thousands of wearables available on the market or in development. Yet, artificial intelligence (AI) is set to markedly improve wearables. In the future, many wearables will move from being worn “on” the body (e.g. a watch) to being located “inside” the body (e.g. a smart pill).  Even the US military is looking forward to that.

            • EFFYou Should Not Trust Russia’s New “Trusted Root CA”

              On the one hand, these changes may be necessary for Russians to access government services and websites impacted by international sanctions. Nonetheless, it is a worrying development: the Russian state’s stopgap measure to keep its services running also enables spying on Russians, now and in the future.

              The Internet governance entities ICANN and RIPE rejected Ukraine’s requests to revoke Russian top-level domains, access to Domain Name System root servers, and its IP addresses. However, international sanctions have heavily impacted Russia’s internet infrastructure. In part, this has happened because Certificate Authorities (CAs), the trusted notaries that underpin data security on the web, have begun refusing orders from domains ending in “.ru”, and have revoked certificates from Russia-based banks. Because international CAs like Digicert and Sectigo have largely stopped working for Russian websites, the Russian government has stepped in and suggested that citizens install its “Russian Trusted Root CA.”

              While the capabilities of Russia’s new root certificate authority are not completely clear, the certificate is valid for ten years. It has the capability not just to issue certificates for domains; it can also inspect the traffic of the users who communicate with those domains.

            • #PrivacyofthePeople: this Cookie will not crumble…

              In the last #PrivacyofthePeople post, we captured the conflict between efficiency and privacy posed by the use of voice assistants. In this post, we highlight the same conflict posed by a more fundamental component of our everyday internet: cookies. While cookies presently perform a lot of key functions in ensuring a smooth user experience (such as ensuring that your shopping cast stays with you through different pages on an online marketplace), they also raise concerns about user privacy and data collection as we discuss here.


              Web cookies are packets of data, created by websites/web servers and stored on a user’s electronic device by their web browser. The term ‘cookie’ used in programming draws its genesis from ‘fortune cookies’ – cookies embedded with messages. Web cookies are embedded with textfiles which contain a unique name-value pair. An example of a name-value pair is a unique ID. Whenever you visit any website for the first time, the website creates a unique ID number for you and stores it on your computer as a cookie file. During this visit, the selected links, visited pages, information provided on the website through forms, items added on shopping carts etc. are stored on the website’s database. When you visit the same website for the second time, the cookies (i.e. the unique ID) created by the website during the first visit and stored on your device are retrieved by the website which helps the website identify you and your preferences when you visit the website. This often provides users with a personalised experience, saves time, and makes their experience on the internet hassle free.

            • IT WireNew digital platform rules crucial next step in consumer law reform

              Delivering the 2022 Ruby Hutchison Memorial Lecture, Sims applauded the progress on stronger consumer laws in Australia, starting with the introduction of the Australian Consumer Law in 2011, which included penalties for breaches, and then a significant hike in penalties in 2018.

            • India TimesIreland fines Facebook for EU privacy law breaches

              Ireland on Tuesday imposed a fine on Facebook parent company Meta for breaching EU data privacy laws, in the latest action in Europe against the business practices of US tech titans.

              The fine against the social media giant, which owns WhatsApp, Instagram and Facebook, amounted to a total of 17 million euros ($18.7 million) following an inquiry into 12 data breaches, said the Data Protection Commission (DPC).

            • Computer WeeklyEncryption myths versus realities of Online Safety Bill

              Polemics make for bad policies. Here are the myths about encryption that the government’s Online Safety Bill is founded upon: [...]

            • Michael WestTech giants urged to report algorithm harm

              Social media companies should be forced to report to the federal government on how they use algorithms and how they address harm online, a parliamentary committee has recommended.

              The proposal was one of 26 recommendations made in the final report of the social media and online safety committee, which was handed down on Tuesday.

              The committee also recommended social media companies be mandated to set the highest privacy settings as a default for people under 18.

            • Scoop News GroupIreland slaps Facebook with $19M fine over 2018 data breaches

              Ireland’s Data Protection Commission on Tuesday issued a roughly $18.6 million fine against Facebook owner Meta related to how it handled European Union user data in the wake of 12 different breaches in 2018.

              The decision found that Meta failed to properly demonstrate its compliance with the General Data Protection Regulation, which dictates data protection and privacy in the EU.

            • Port SwiggerPrison service for England and Wales recorded more than 2,000 data breaches over 12 months

              The UK Ministry of Justice (MoJ) has defended its data protection practices following allegations it failed to support an employee affected by a data breach of an MoJ service.

              The employee’s sensitive personal data was apparently exposed because of unauthorized access gained to the Justice Academy, an online learning and careers platform used by MoJ and other public sector staff.

              These claims were documented in a blog post published by CEL Solicitors, a UK law firm representing the employee.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • FAIR‘The Most Vulnerable People Lose When the US Imposes Sanctions’

        Janine Jackson interviewed IPS’s Khury Petersen-Smith about economic sanctions for the March 11, 2022, episode of CounterSpin. This is a lightly edited transcript.

      • Common DreamsDeclassified Docs Show CIA Used Prisoner as a Torture Training Prop

        A prisoner at a Central Intelligence Agency “black site” in Afghanistan was used as a training prop to teach U.S. operatives how to torture other prisoners, leaving him with serious brain damage and other ailments, newly declassified documents published this week affirmed.

        “We now know that the CIA’s brutalization of Ammar at the black sites was secretly condemned by the agency itself.”

      • The NationWhat Actually Killed Breonna Taylor?

        It’s been two years since Americans learned the name of Breonna Taylor. The fateful details of her death have become well-remembered: Police in Louisville, Ky., shot the 26-year-old EMT while attempting to serve a “no-knock” warrant on her ex-boyfriend, who did not live at the home. Ever since, Taylor’s family has publicly grieved the loss of a beloved young woman who dreamed of becoming a nurse. “I just think she was destined to be great,” her mother, Tamika Palmer told The Cut. “She lit up a room and had this aura about herself.”

      • Democracy NowA Tale of Two Wars: Biden Decries Russian Atrocities in Ukraine While Backing Saudi/UAE War in Yemen

        As the U.S. and U.K. push for Saudi Arabia to increase oil production to offset a rise in global energy prices amid sanctions on Russia, the kingdom on Saturday announced it had executed 81 people — the country’s largest mass execution in decades. Sarah Leah Whitson, executive director of Democracy for the Arab World Now, says the muted criticism of Saudi abuses reveals a double standard when it comes to how Western countries deal with the absolute monarchy, which has been waging a brutal assault on neighboring Yemen for almost seven years with U.S. support. If the U.S. wants the world to oppose Russia’s brutal war in Ukraine, “then it’s got to stop supporting the war in Yemen,” says Whitson, who adds that disparate coverage of the wars in Ukraine and Yemen point to “inherent racism” in Western media.

      • Democracy NowUkrainians Unite to Hold Back Russian Forces in Kyiv, Mykolaiv & Odessa as 3 Million Refugees Flee

        We speak with Ukrainian reporter Nataliya Gumenyuk, who has been reporting from across Ukraine, including the strategic port cities of Mykolaiv and Odessa in the south of the country. More than 3 million refugees have fled the conflict, and Russian forces are increasingly targeting civilian areas. Gumenyuk says the Russian invasion has reshaped Ukrainian national identity and united the previously fractious country in common purpose. “It’s not just their lives, it’s not just their dignity. It’s really about this right to choose. They are really angry by the fact that another country decides for themselves what [the] government should be, how they should live,” says Gumenyuk, founder of the Public Interest Journalism Lab.

      • TruthOutUkraine, Russian Negotiators Say They’re Inching Closer to Peace Deal
      • Democracy NowA NATO No-Fly Zone in Ukraine Would Be “Direct Involvement in the War Against Russia,” Experts Warn

        Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky continues to demand the U.S. and NATO allies impose a no-fly zone over Ukraine, an idea that President Biden has rejected even as a growing number of Republicans embrace the idea despite the risk it could draw the U.S. directly into the war against Russia and possibly spark a nuclear confrontation. Stephen Wertheim, a senior fellow in the American Statecraft Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, co-authored an open letter signed by foreign policy experts who oppose a no-fly zone over Ukraine. It urges leaders to continue diplomatic and economic measures to end the conflict. “As you start thinking about how a no-fly zone would actually unfold, it becomes very obvious this would be direct involvement in the war against Russia, and rather than end the war, a no-fly zone would enlarge the war and escalate the war,” says Wertheim.

      • TruthOutNo-Fly Zone in Ukraine Would Be “Direct Involvement in the War,” Experts Warn
      • Common Dreams‘Horrific’: Russia Allegedly Bombs Mariupol Theater Sheltering Hundreds of Ukrainian Civilians

        Russian forces on Wednesday allegedly bombed a theater in which at least hundreds of civilians were reportedly sheltering in Ukraine’s embattled southern port city of Mariupol.

        “It is still impossible to estimate the scale of this horrific and inhumane act.”

      • Common DreamsBiden Calls Putin ‘A War Criminal’ as Russia Continues to Attack Ukraine

        U.S. President Joe Biden called Russian President Vladimir Putin “a war criminal” on Wednesday afternoon as the deadly and ongoing assault on Ukraine continued.

        Asked whether he was ready to apply the title to Putin, Biden told a reporter, “I think he is a war criminal,” before walking away.

      • Common DreamsWar Has Destroyed $100 Billion Worth of Infrastructure in Ukraine: UN

        While peace talks and humanitarian aid for civilians remain top global priorities amid Russia’s ongoing assault of Ukraine, a United Nations report released Wednesday estimates that over $100 billion in damage has already been done to the country’s battered infrastructure.

        “If the war deepens and protracts further, up to 90% of the population of Ukraine could be facing poverty and vulnerability to poverty.”

      • Counter PunchPutin’s ‘Mission Accomplished’
      • Counter PunchUkraine and the Media

        Unfortunately, the western media has largely reduced the complex causes behind this disaster to one simplistic meme: It’s all the fault of one man – Vladimir (“Mad Vlad”) Putin the evil autocrat, a modern-day Stalin, an unhinged Hitler with visions of global domination. Unless you adhere to this facile bogyman narrative that reduces a complex global conflict with deep historical roots to a binary contest between good and evil, you are siding with the enemy and won’t get a word in edgewise in any discussion about the real causes behind this horrific war.

        To even suggest that the US and its NATO allies might share some responsibility by pushing Russia to the brink and encouraging the Ukraine to reject compromises that could have prevented the invasion, automatically makes you a Putin apologist, a Kremlin stooge or worse.

      • Common DreamsInternational Court of Justice Orders Russia to Halt Attack on Ukraine

        The International Court of Justice on Wednesday ordered the Russian government to immediately halt its invasion of Ukraine, a legally binding decision that Moscow is likely to ignore as it continues bombarding its neighbor.

        “The Russian Federation must, pending the final decision in the case, suspend the military operations that it commenced on 24 February 2022 in the territory of Ukraine,” reads the preliminary ruling handed down by the United Nations’ top court.

      • Common DreamsGlobal Nurses Union Says ‘Heinous’ Russian Attacks on Hospitals Amount to War Crimes

        An international nurses’ union representing more than 2.5 million healthcare workers worldwide issued a statement late Tuesday accusing Russia of committing war crimes during its assault on Ukraine, a weeks-long military campaign that has included attacks on dozens of hospitals and other medical facilities.

        “These heinous attacks constitute war crimes and must not pass as unfortunate events taking place in the fog of war.”

      • Counter PunchThe Root Problem is War Not Putin

        War is slaughter.

        War is a highly contagious disease, spreading germs the way a common cold causes its human host to sneeze. Among the many war germs are hatred, fear, dehumanization, tribalism, glorification of violence, and legitimization of murder. Without sufficient therapy, each war leads to the next.

      • Counter PunchThe Politics of the Russo-Ukrainian War: International Scholars Weigh In

        Daniel Falcone: Given the history of the region, how likely was this conflict? Can you provide the historical formations that brought us to this point? 

        Lawrence Davidson: Recent history made this war a very real last resort option for the Russians. After the fall of the Soviet Union, NATO with American urging, extended itself eastward. Based on Russia’s experience as the Soviet Union, there was only one way to interpret such action on NATO’s part—it was an act that threatened Russian national security.

      • The NationVolodymyr Zelensky Is Not a Comedian—and That’s No Joke

        Way before this terrible war, I used to groan when people referred to the president of Ukraine as a “comedian turned politician.” Comedian indeed!

      • The NationThe Dreams of a New Cold War Are Here to Stay

        In certain quarters in this country, Russia’s illegal invasion of Ukraine has generated enthusiasm for a new cold war. At The New York Times, Joe Biden and Vladimir Putin have been described as “children of the [old] Cold War” now involved in a “face off,” an “eyeball to eyeball” confrontation harkening back to John F. Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev contesting Berlin and Cuba in “dramatic fashion” 60 years ago. (Never mind that the “drama” over Cuba nearly led to nuclear war and the possible end of most life on Earth.) Such breathless accounts make me think of the role Slim Pickens played as Major Kong in Stanley Kubrick’s famed film Dr. Strangelove, giddy with resolve, even relief of a kind, now that he and his B-52 crew are finally headed for nuclear combat with the  .

      • The NationHow to Avoid a New Cold War

        With the unlawful invasion of Ukraine, Russian President Vladimir Putin has blown up the post–Cold War era. The supposed Pax Americana of the past three decades—which featured far too little pax—is over. What comes next is yet to be defined, with a stark contrast between what might be possible and what appears likely to follow. Is a new and more dangerous, militarized Cold War inevitable? Is another world of mutual security still conceivable?

      • Common DreamsOpinion | America the Vengeful: Medical Ethicist Calls for War Crimes Against Russian Civilians

        Arthur L. Caplan, a professor of medical ethics at the NYU Grossman School of Medicine, has been campaigning for a program of mass death. He has written, not one, but two op-eds calling for a pharmaceutical boycott of Russia.

      • Common Dreams‘Unimaginable’: Russian Attack on Chernihiv Bread Line Kills At Least 10 Ukrainians

        A Russian attack on the Ukrainian city of Chernihiv on Wednesday killed at least 10 civilians who were reportedly queued up to purchase food.

        Oleksandr Merezhko, deputy head and foreign relations chair of the Verkhovna Rada—Ukraine’s parliament—tweeted that “Russians have killed more than 10 people who were standing in line to buy some bread.”

      • Common DreamsOpinion | The Imperative to Resist a Dangerous New Cold War

        In certain quarters in this country, Russia’s illegal invasion of Ukraine has generated enthusiasm for a new cold war. At the New York Times, Joe Biden and Vladimir Putin have been described as “children of the [old] Cold War” now involved in a “face off,” an “eyeball to eyeball” confrontation harkening back to John F. Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev contesting Berlin and Cuba in “dramatic fashion” 60 years ago. (Never mind that the “drama” over Cuba nearly led to nuclear war and the possible end of most life on Earth.) Such breathless accounts make me think of the role Slim Pickens played as Major Kong in Stanley Kubrick’s famed film Dr. Strangelove, giddy with resolve, even relief of a kind, now that he and his B-52 crew are finally headed for nuclear combat with the Russkies.

      • Common DreamsUkraine, Russia Reportedly Making ‘Significant Progress’ Toward 15-Point Peace Deal

        Russian and Ukrainian negotiators are reportedly moving in the direction of a 15-point peace deal that would involve Kyiv formally renouncing its ambition to join NATO and accepting “limits on its armed forces” in exchange for a cease-fire, the withdrawal of Moscow’s troops, and security guarantees from the West.

        The broad and tentative framework of the deal was first reported Wednesday by the Financial Times, which noted that Ukraine and Russia’s delegations “have made significant progress” toward an agreement while stressing that potentially major obstacles remain.

      • Common Dreams‘Do More’: Ukraine President Zelenskyy Asks Congress to Back No-Fly Zone, More Weapons

        Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelenskyy addressed a joint session of the U.S. Congress on Wednesday morning as he pressed his case for additional backing by western powers to intervene further against Russian assault.

        During his livestreamed remarks, delivered partly in Ukrainian and concluding in English, Zelenskyy asked U.S. lawmakers to think about key moments in American history—including the attacks on Pearl Harbor and those on 9/11—where courage was demanded and its people fought back against outside enemies.

      • Common DreamsOpinion | How the US Congress Should Respond to What Zelensky Asks For
      • Common Dreams‘All Wars End in Agreements’: Zelenskyy Voices Hope for Peace Deal as Talks Continue

        Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said late Tuesday that “difficult” diplomatic talks with Moscow appear to be moving in a positive direction even as Russian forces ramp up their bombing campaigns in Kyiv and other major cities, worsening an already massive humanitarian crisis.

        “There are fundamental contradictions. But there is certainly room for compromise.”

      • Jerusalem PostRussia to allow thousands of Middle East volunteers to fight Ukraine

        Russian President Vladimir Putin gave the green light on Friday for up to 16,000 volunteers from the Middle East to be deployed alongside Russian-backed rebels to fight in Ukraine, doubling down an invasion that the West says has been losing momentum.

        The move, just over two weeks since Putin ordered the invasion, allows Russia to deploy battle-hardened mercenaries from conflicts such as Syria without risking additional Russian military casualties.

      • CS MonitorCan schools ban hijabs? Indian court says yes.

        The ban last month by the state had sparked protests by some Muslim students and parents, and counter-protests by Hindu students. Critics of the ban say it is another way of marginalizing a community that accounts for about 13% of Hindu-majority India’s 1.35 billion people.

      • Gatestone InstituteTurkey: Occupies Northern Cyprus, Goes for the Rest

        Currently, Turkey appears to be targeting the rest of the Republic of Cyprus, a member of the European Union. The government of Cyprus is now dealing with an “illegal immigration crisis” which it says Turkey is orchestrating. Government authorities state that the majority of migrants entering the free part of Cyprus are being smuggled illegally through the Turkish-occupied northern Cyprus.

        Meanwhile, according to Turkish media, Turkey is planning to construct a military naval base in the Karpasia Peninsula in the Turkish-occupied north.

        Despite the uncountable war crimes Turkey has committed in Cyprus, the Turkish government has condemned the UN for having its “peacekeeping forces” there.

      • Frontpage MagazineTaking Calls from Biden

        They prefer not to engage in any kind of telephone dialogue where they would have to listen to Joe Biden try to convince them to do the world a favor and greatly increase their oil production, when what they want to talk about is something else: they believe that the revived Iran deal is misconceived and dangerous. It’s easier to refuse to take Biden’s calls, a telling snub that signals their great unhappiness with Washington.

      • Jerusalem PostSaudi Arabia, UAE leaders not returning Biden’s calls, disappointed with US – report

        The two nations are also reportedly disappointed with the state of negotiations in the ever-nearing Iran nuclear deal, according to the WSJ.

      • Mint Press NewsIsrael Apologists Hurl Familiar Antisemitism Charges in Post-Speech Ambush of Amnesty Director

        WASHINGTON – A typical DC storm has been brewing since Paul O’Brien, executive director of Amnesty International USA, spoke last Wednesday at the Women’s National Democratic Club (WNDC) in Washington. O’Brien gave an excellent talk about Amnesty International’s report on apartheid in Palestine and no sooner did he finish than a hand was raised to be called on for the first question.

      • Mint Press NewsYemen Retaliates Against Deadly Fuel Blockade by Targeting Saudi Oil

        YEMEN-SAUDI BORDER – Under the scorching midday sun, Hakem Matari Yahya al-Buttaini’s brother was on the cusp of finally being able to purchase the 40 liters of diesel fuel for which he had been waiting in line for seven days, when he got the call. Hakem had been executed by Saudi Arabia and the news had just spread through local media. Hakem was among seven Yemenis executed by Saudi Arabia on Saturday.

    • Environment

      • Counter PunchThe Impacts of Green New Deals on Latin America

        The European Green Deal, initiated at the end of 2019, aims to combine a transition to clean energy with an emphasis on economic equity. A similar initiative in the United States, associated most visibly with a resolution introduced at the beginning of 2019 by Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY) in the House and Sen. Ed Markey (D-MA) in the Senate, has inspired some elements of the Biden administration’s economic stimulus bills as well as some stand-alone legislation that has not yet passed Congress. In 2020, the South Korean government made a Green New Deal part of its official policy with an emphasis on boosting renewable energy and creating jobs in that sector.

        The Global South is both present and absent from these initiatives. It is absent in that mainstream Green New Deals focus on the reactivation of economic growth in their own countries or regions, and the global South is scarcely mentioned. And yet the Global South is very much present as well, for many of the materials required in clean energy infrastructure come from this vast region. In other words, Green New Deals depend on a resource flow from lower-income countries without taking responsibility for the possible impacts that may have on local or transnational ecosystems and societies.

      • Common DreamsOpinion | The Best Climate Policy You’ve Probably Never Heard Of

        Current strategies to combat climate change aren’t working. Carbon emissions are still increasing. But there is a way forward that would actually reduce carbon emissions—a way that’s simple and transparent and that would enable long-term planning for policy makers, as well as greater security for the general public. Spoiler alert: there’s a hitch.

      • TruthOutManchin Just Delivered Another Blow on Climate. He’s a Threat to Humanity.
      • Energy

        • Common DreamsOpinion | We Must All Reject Fossil Fuel Industry’s Spin on Ukraine War

          Vladimir Putin’s unjust invasion of Ukraine has resulted in a significant and spiraling humanitarian and security crisis. The epicenter of this crisis is Ukraine, and the staggering costs already forced to be borne by its people.

        • The NationFossil Fuels Beget Dictators

          As Vladimir Putin’s war continues to inflict widespread devastation on Ukraine and its people, the feeling of powerlessness only grows deeper for those of us witnessing images of war crimes on the news and social media. But this powerlessness assumes we are mere spectators to this invasion. We’re not. For Americans, our addiction to same-day delivery service and mobility at the click of an app makes us pawns in Putin’s game of petrostate perestroika.

        • Counter PunchInside Japan’s Nuclear Meltdown
        • Common DreamsRed Alert for Fukushima Nuclear Plant After 7.3 Quake in Japan

          This is a breaking story… Please check back for possible updates…

          A series of earthquakes off the coast of Japan on Wednesday triggered a tsunami advisory for Miyagi and Fukushima prefectures—just over 11 years after the region endured a major nuclear disaster.

        • Jacobin MagazineNo, [Cryptocurrency] Isn’t Helping Ukraine

          In times of war, stocks in weapons companies have always been a safe investment. The war in Ukraine shows that Bitcoiners are now laughing, too. Like other disaster capitalists, die-hard [cryptocurrency] proponents will never be incentivized toward peace. As disciples of the Sovereign Individual, [cryptocurrency] bros are turning a humanitarian nightmare into a dream opportunity for themselves — and even protracting the conflict.

        • YLECryptocurrency taxpayer numbers explode in Finland

          Gains from cryptocurrencies have to be notified to the tax authorities by the taxpayer. The administration says it is making changes to its online service this spring in order to make that process a little easier.

        • KSHB TCCongressional Democrats urge oil, gas price-gouging inquiry

          Reps. Sharice Davids and Emanuel Cleaver II are among 32 members of Congress who signed a letter to U.S. House and Senate leadership requesting “immediate investigations” and “public hearings on alleged price gouging within the oil and gas industry.”

          Davids, a Democrat from Kansas, and Cleaver, a Democrat from Missouri, said the inquiry ought to be a “top priority” for Congress through the end of 2022 in a March 10 letter.

        • New RepublicOil Companies Are Making a Fortune From Soaring Prices. Democrats Want to Take Some of It Back.

          As gas prices climbed to over $4 per gallon in the United States and oil traded at highs of $130 per barrel this week amid war in Europe, a new report from the U.K.-based think tank Common Wealth finds that the top five oil and gas producers in the U.S. are getting a wildly good deal from the U.S. government: While they rake in massive profits, their tax burden remains shockingly low. Since the Paris Agreement was signed, top producers have, on average, gotten money back from the IRS. Thursday afternoon, a group of congressional Democrats—led by Rhode Island Senator Sheldon Whitehouse in the Senate, and Representative Ro Khanna in the House—announced a bill to help change that, proposing to levy a tax on fossil fuel companies’ windfall profits.

        • CoryDoctorowFight inflation with a windfall profits tax

          How is it possible that we’re paying so much for oil? Is it sanctions? War? Supply-chain shocks? Is the Moon in Neptune? Or is it, you know, a highly concentrated energy sector soaking the public and using all of the above for cover?

          Two Democratic lawmakers – one from each house – think it’s the latter. Ro Khanna and Sheldon Whitehouse have proposed a “windfall profits” tax on oil companies that would claw back the billions the hydrocarbon barons have soaked us for and return it to the public in a one-time payment of $240 for every single tax filer and $360 for joint filers.

      • Wildlife/Nature

        • Counter PunchThe Tourism Backlash

          The survey has been done annually since 1992 and points out that although a large majority of Montanans still think the benefits of tourism outweigh the negatives, that number has declined by 5% since the last survey. It’s also not much of a surprise that it’s the western side of the state, with its national parks and stunning mountains, that is feeling the most pressure and starting to voice displeasure with the loss of quality of life in exchange for the dollars the tourists spend here.

          Although many would dispute that there are “limits to growth” and that Montana is so high, wide and handsome that we have plenty of room for all, the reality on the ground is increasing the feeling that we’re trying to stuff too many people on the finite resources and the enjoyment of traditional Montana lifestyles is being negatively impacted.

        • Counter PunchPutting Cows First in the Gravelly Range
        • Counter PunchYellowstone’s Bison Deserve More Tolerance

          The shameful, cruel and wasteful killing of Yellowstone’s bison should have stopped years ago but another 900 are targeted for death this winter. The National Park Service seeks to replace the outdated bison management plan and do away with the annual “cull” (kill) but intolerance for bison in Montana is a huge hurdle to this effort.

          Bison are native to the Yellowstone area and to all of Montana. They should be allowed to roam on public lands such as the Custer Gallatin National Forest, where the new forest plan claims to support “a year-round, self-sustaining bison population…” Yet there are no resident bison on the Custer Gallatin, since they are hazed, killed and trapped at the park border.

        • The RevelatorNow Read This: Stop Doomscrolling and Save the Planet
        • Counter PunchAlliance for the Wild Rockies and Native Ecosystems Council Halt Grazing and Sagebrush-Juniper Burning in the Elkhorn Mountains

          This is an important victory. The Court’s Order means that if the BLM wants to reconsider plans to graze cattle in this crucial wildlife management area, it must analyze the cumulative effects that grazing, fences, and water developments for cattle will have on wildlife. Considering this is land federal taxpayers specifically purchased for wildlife habitat, the decision is more than justified.

          The BLM’s 2020 Grazing Decision authorized construction of riparian exclosures, water developments, and the construction of five miles of new fencing. Fences, however, present many hazards to wildlife, including from entanglement and by blocking movement. Since the fencing was installed under an environmental analysis the court found illegal, we still believe it should be removed.

      • Overpopulation

        • uni StanfordWater Security: A Growing Concern

          The future looks bleak as demand for water greatly outstrips the supply. It is estimated that demand will outstrip supply by 50 per cent by the year 2030. This would affect agriculture as well as water-intensive businesses such as food processing, drinks, textiles, metals, chemicals, and paper.

          Climate change coupled with anthropogenic activities such as encroachment and mismanagement of water resources has resulted in a huge decline in groundwater level in recent decades – so much so that experts predict that the third World War will be fought over water. Impacts of climate change are visible today. Erratic monsoons are leading to water stress, loss of green cover and soil degradation, and disturbing natural resource-based livelihoods.

    • Finance

      • Counter PunchWhere Do We Go? The Increasing Scarcity of Affordable Housing in America

        Workers have faced stagnant wages for the past 40 years. Yet the cost of rent has steadily increased during that time, with sharp increases of 14% to 40% over the past two years.

        Now, more than ever, workers are feeling the stress of the affordable housing crisis.

      • TruthOutLabor Board Finds Starbucks Illegally Retaliated Against Union Organizers
      • Common DreamsSanders Vows ‘Strong Solidarity’ for Multi-State Amazon Worker Walkout

        Sen. Bernie Sanders was among the workers’ rights advocates applauding more than 60 Amazon warehouse employees Wednesday as they staged the company’s first multi-state walkout to demand a reinstatement of breaks and fairer pay.

        Noting that founder and executive chairman owns a $500 million yacht, a $23 million mansion, and is currently charging celebrities and other wealthy customers tens of millions of dollars for rides on his space company’s suborbital flights, Sanders wrote that “Amazon can afford to give its employees a $3 raise.”

      • Counter PunchTracking Global Warming Via the Dow Jones Average

        The original images I used for this exercise are also shown so you can read the numerical scales and labels of each.

        We all know that “capitalism equals global warming,” and the composite image here is just one possible visualization of that reality.

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

    • Misinformation/Disinformation

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • ReutersSaudi blogger Badawi out of prison, still faces travel ban

        Badawi set up the “Free Saudi Liberals” website where he criticized the Saudi clergy and called for changes in the way religion is practiced in Saudi Arabia.

        He was also fined 1 million riyals ($266,567). Prosecutors challenged an earlier sentence of seven years and 600 lashes as too lenient.

      • VarietyPakistan Bans SXSW Title ‘I’ll Meet You There’ for ‘Negative Image of Muslims,’ Director Speaks Out (EXCLUSIVE)

        Tahir said: “It is disheartening, disappointing and shameful that issues that Pakistani ex-pats face in their lives are trivialized and labeled as ‘not reflecting true Pakistani culture.’ We, Pakistanis, represent our country with love and pride every day while living in foreign lands. We do this to support our families and loved ones. We do this to support our country financially and in every other way. We do this with nothing but love for our country and yet to be cast aside by our very own is deeply hurtful.’

      • The Express TribuneQavi Khan’s film, ‘I’ll Meet You There’ banned in Pakistan

        Speaking to The Express Tribune, a senior official at CBFC confirmed that the film has been banned in Pakistan. “I’ll Meet You There was reviewed by the full board of CBFC and after watching it was decided that the film is not suitable to be given NOC for a release in the country. There were several controversial topics and details that opposed our policy. The board unanimously agreed on a ban,” a senior official shared with us.

      • Hindu PostPakistan bans ‘I’ll Meet You There’ for ‘negative image of Muslims’; director speaks out

        The film was selected for SXSW’s narrative feature competition in 2020 before the spread of the pandemic forced the festival’s cancelation. Mini-studio Level Forward acquired North American virtual theatrical rights and impact distribution privileges for the film and rolled it out in 2021.

      • TruthOutMarina Ovsyannikova Refuses to Retract Antiwar Statements in Moscow Court
      • The Lesson Marina Ovsyannikova Offers To Chuck Todd And Lester Holt

        It was an incredibly brave — and because she planned her actions in advance — well-executed protest.

        But make no mistake. Ovsyannikova is not, like another brave journalist who spoke up this week, Yevgenia Albats, someone who has criticized the regime in the past, someone whose witness now is a continuation of years of brave reporting.

      • OpenRightsGroupDigital Rights And Ukraine

        However, we are very concerned about shutdowns of product updates by phone companies and software providers. These will lower the security of Russian citizens, and make them more vulnerable to government surveillance.

      • Internet Censorship Beckons as UK Online Safety Bill Hits Parliament

        At present much of the [Internet] content that you see is governed by a self-regulatory approach, which has struggled to keep pace with rapid online changes. Various examples exist for “harmful” content, such as the rise of the ISIS terrorist group, child abuse, as well as state sponsored propaganda from hostile countries, online bullying, racism and the spread of COVID-19 conspiracy theories etc. Some of this is already illegal, but others will now fall into the opaque “legal but still harmful” category.

    • Freedom of Information/Freedom of the Press

      • TruthOutExtradition Looms for Assange After UK Supreme Court Refuses to Hear His Appeal
      • [Old] StundinKey witness in Assange case jailed in Iceland after admitting to lies and ongoing crime spree

        Sigurdur Thordarson, a key witness for the FBI against Julian Assange, has been jailed in Iceland. The notorious alleged [cracker] and convicted pedophile was remanded to custody in Iceland’s highest security prison, Litla Hraun, on September 24. Þórðarson´s lawyer, Húnbogi J. Andersen, confirms that he is in custody. Thordarson was given immunity by the FBI in exchange for testimony against Julian Assange.

        Thordarson was arrested the same day he arrived back in Iceland from a trip to Spain, and was subsequently brought before a judge after police requested indefinite detention intended to halt an ongoing crime spree. The judge apparently agreed that Thordarson’s repeated, blatant and ongoing offences against the law put him at high risk for continued re-offending.

      • Metro TimesThe Foilies 2022 : Recognizing the year’s worst in government transparency

        Each year during Sunshine Week (March 13-19), The Foilies serve up tongue-in-cheek “awards” for government agencies and assorted institutions that stand in the way of access to information. The Electronic Frontier Foundation and MuckRock combine forces to collect horror stories about Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and state-level public records requests from journalists and transparency advocates across the United States and beyond. Our goal is to identify the most surreal document redactions, the most aggravating copy fees, the most outrageous retaliation attempts, and all the other ridicule-worthy attacks on the public’s right to know.

        And every year since 2015, as we’re about to crown these dubious winners, something new comes to light that makes us consider stopping the presses.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • TechdirtAppeals Court Tosses Evidence Illegally Obtained By Opportunistic Cops Who Couldn’t Take ‘Nah’ For An Answer

        It rarely seems obvious, but you can just walk away from (some) unwanted interactions with law enforcement. People with badges and guns often make this option seem untenable, what with their badges and guns and often profane shouting. But law enforcement officers need a certain amount of reasonable suspicion to detain people. But the less people know, the more often officers are able to engage in suspicionless searches and detentions.

      • Counter PunchMigranti: Self-Organization of Migrant Workers in Europe
      • TechdirtFBI Invites Public In On Its Forfeiture Racket, Promises Them A Cut Of The Take

        There aren’t many ways to make something as objectively awful as civil asset forfeiture worse, but the FBI has found a way to do it. As it stands now, forfeiture allows law enforcement to take cash and property from people under the (unproven) theory that it was illegally obtained. The rest of the process does nothing to prove the theory. The burden of proof is often shifted to people who had their stuff taken by law enforcement and the process of seeking the return of property is so expensive and counterintuitive, most people just take the L and move on.

      • Computer WorldFour-day workweek’s popularity grew during the pandemic — survey

        More businesses adopted a four-day week during the COVID-19 pandemic as the shift to remote working spurred a major rethinking of work practices, according to a poll of senior leaders at 500 UK businesses by the University of Reading’s Henley Business School.

        The survey, an update to research from 2019, showed that 21% of respondents adopted a four-day workweek for all staff in 2021, up from 18% in 2019. The majority of respondents (65%) said a four-day workweek is in place for at least some of their workers, up from 50% who said that in 2019. A four-day workweek is defined in the report as involving a reduction from five to four workdays for the same pay or a compressed workweek with the same hours across four days instead of five.

      • Omicron LimitedThe exploited female workers behind the glitter of Indonesia’s Islamic fashion

        With the world’s largest Muslim population, Indonesia is a huge market for Islamic fashion, valued at around US$12.69 billion. Many female designers and businesswomen have been touted as the locomotive behind the growth of the local Islamic fashion industry.

        But while women designers are celebrated for their accomplishments, the plight of underpaid female workers in home-based garment workshops, or konveksi laborers, often goes unnoticed.

      • Frontpage MagazineGreece: Muslim Migrants Desecrate and ‘Turn into Toilets’ 2,339 Churches

        Over the years, a few of these desecrations made it to English language media.

      • The NationA Lone Voice in the Sports World Asks: “What About Palestine?”

        Ali Farag is currently the number-two-ranked squash player in the world. Farag, who hails from Egypt, is also a Harvard grad and was arguably the greatest college squash player in US history, losing just twice in three years while leading Harvard to an unlikely national championship in 2014. In other words, he is a big deal in a corner of the sports landscape to which most people in the United States pay little attention. But in Egypt, which has the second-most squash courts of any country, and in Europe he is a star. Farag used his platform to do something as daring and perhaps as dangerous as the game he has mastered. He is pointing out the baldfaced hypocrisy of the sports world’s sanctioning Russia while giving other nations, especially Israel, a pass for their own military aggression.

      • The NationUnited by Difference in New York City

        A heavy pot blew through the window in a flurry of wind and rain. The seal was broken. Pop! Pop! Pop! The rest of the windows came crashing out of the walls, and the house began to flood. My family and I worked tirelessly to keep the water out, but we couldn’t stop the water any more than we could stop the coming changes.

      • The NationAlt-Lit’s Jeremiad Against the Novel

        Various people in my life have asked me what Sean Thor Conroe’s Fuccboi is about; in most cases I’ve said, “It’s about a fuckboy,” and reckoned I’d said enough. Conroe’s debut novel is billed as a study of young masculinity: Sean, our narrator, is a low-paid delivery worker who cycles the streets of Philadelphia while working on a book about a cross-country trek, negotiating relationships with unhappy “baes,” and trying not to bottom out, financially or narcotically. He staves off the grind of life with Adderall, psilocybin, and pot. More unusually, however, he becomes bedridden and then hospitalized by a painful skin disease—it seems like severe eczema, but if a more precise diagnosis is given, either I missed it or he did—from which he gradually recovers and begins working on a novel within this novel, which is also titled Fuccboi and represents, or is supposed to, a triumph over adversity.

      • Counter PunchHow Plantations Can be Used to Teach About Slavery

        Such efforts raise questions about whether students in the U.S. will ever be able to engage in free and meaningful discussions about the history of slavery in America and the effect it had on the nation.

        As cultural geographers, we see a potential venue for these kinds of discussions that we believe to be an overlooked and poorly used resource: plantation museums.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

    • Digital Restrictions (DRM)

      • The VergeNetflix is testing ways to end password sharing and push viewers to pay extra

        This is not the first time Netflix has experimented with a clampdown on password sharing. Last year, the company experimented with an account verification tool to keep unauthorized users from mooching off of others’ accounts.

      • VarietyNetflix Will Prompt Subscribers to Pay for Users Outside Their Households in New Test to Address Unauthorized Password Sharing (EXCLUSIVE)

        Netflix will soon launch a test letting primary account holders pay an additional fee for users outside their households — a new attempt by the company to address illicit password-sharing.

        According to the Netflix terms of service, a customer’s account “may not be shared with individuals beyond your household.” After years of turning a blind eye to password-sharing behavior that falls outside that requirement, the company last year ran a limited test prompting users to enter their account credentials as a way to nudge freeloaders into paying for their own accounts.

      • The HillNetflix looks to curb free password sharing between households

        Streaming platform Netflix announced plans on Wednesday to curb free password sharing between different users’ households, starting with a trio of countries in Central and South America.

        In a statement on Wednesday, Netflix said that it will begin testing new ways to make sure users sharing an account with different households pay additional fees.

    • Monopolies

      • Copyrights

        • IdiomdrottningDiscussing copyright and scarcity

          Copyright is artificial scarcity.

          That sucks. That comes at a huge cost. Articifical scarcity enables poverty.

        • Torrent FreakPirates Who Lost $90m IPTV Lawsuit Sued Again For Launching More Services

          Troubles are mounting for the former operators of SetTV, a pirate IPTV service that was previously ordered to pay $90 million in damages to DISH Networks. After being accused of launching more pirate services in breach of an injunction in that matter, DISH Networks has now filed a full-blown lawsuit targeting several men and their new platforms.

        • Torrent FreakLimeWire Founder “Not Thrilled” That ‘Strangers’ Exploit the Brand for NFT Marketplace

          The LimeWire name brings back many memories for many early adopters of P2P file-sharing. The popular application shut down well over a decade ago but according to many mainstream news outlets, it’s making a comeback as an NFT marketplace. In reality, this new project has nothing to do with the original LimeWire, whose founder Mark Gorton is not happy with the confusion being created.

        • TechdirtTorguard Blocks All U.S. BitTorrent Traffic After Entertainment Industry Lawsuit

          Over the last few years, the entertainment industry and big copyright have ramped up a war against VPN providers here in the U.S., culminating in a lawsuit against VPN provider Torguard by nearly two-dozen movie studios. The same studios had demanded $10 million in damages from another VPN provider, LiquidVPN, earlier last year.

        • TechdirtNow That White Musicians Are Getting Sued For Copyright, Lawyers Say Copyright Needs To Change

          You may have noticed a whole bunch of stories about copyright lawsuits lately against famous musicians for having songs that sound just kind of like some other songs. I’d been meaning to write up something talking about all of these stories about how Ed Sheeran is supposedly a “magpie” who “borrows” songs, or about how Dua Lipa was sued not once, but twice, claiming her song “Levitating” infringes on the copyrights of others. Or maybe about how it took Katy Perry eight years to finally have an appeals court note that she didn’t actually infringe on someone else’s copyright.

Cory Doctorow and Others Explain the Importance of Software Freedom (GNU Turns 40 Next Year)

Posted in Free/Libre Software, GNU/Linux at 5:59 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link

Summary: To quote LibrePlanet (this was in 2020; FSF turns 37 this year and GNU will turn 39): “A compilation of birthday messages sent in by free software community members from around the world. Features: Matthias Kirschner (FSFE), Francois Poulain, Greta Goetz (University of Belgrade), Gian-Maria Daffré (Country coordinator FSFE Switzerland), Bernhard Reiter (FSFE), Vincent Lequertier, Niranjan, Sushant Declekar, Patrick Ohnewein, and Sean O’Brien (Cyberclear).”

Licence: CC BY 4.0

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