09.27.21

Links 27/9/2021: OpenSSH 8.8, Martine OS 2.0 and Airyx 0.2.2 Reviewed

Posted in News Roundup at 10:44 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • 9to5Linux Weekly Roundup: September 26th, 2021

      This week we saw fewer Linux news, but a lot of goodies. NVIDIA GPU users got a new graphics driver release with support for the latest Linux 5.14 kernel series, especially now that Linux kernel 5.13 reached end of life, the Emmabuntüs Debian Edition 4 has been finally released for those who want to refurbish old computers, and Ubuntu Touch OTA-19 arrives for Ubuntu Phone users.

      On top of that, gamers received a new DXVK update to run the latest Windows games, a new major Telegram Desktop release brought in new features and enhancements for a better chat experience, and the GNOME 41 desktop environment arrived with many goodies. You can enjoy these and much more in 9to5Linux’s Linux weekly roundup for September 26th, 2021, below!

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • Linux Weekly Roundup #149

        Welcome to this week’s Linux Weekly Roundup.

        The main release in the world of Linux distros of this week is Ubuntu 20.10 Beta.
        Besides this, it has been a peaceful week.

        I hope that you are doing well and may you have a wonderful week!

      • Top 11 Reasons Why Linux is Better than Windows

        For some time now, there has been an ongoing debate over which is better between Linux and Windows. Both are popular and widely used operating systems. However, the time has proven that Linux is the beast between the two given the numerous benefits it provides over Windows.

        Explore some of the top reasons why Linux is a much better option and why you should consider making a switch to Linux from Windows.

    • Linux Magazine

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • Josh Bressers: Episode 290 – The security of the Matrix

        Josh and Kurt talk about the security of the Matrix movie series. There was a new Matrix trailer that made us want to discuss some of the security themes. We talk about how the movie is very focused on computing in the 90s. How Neo probably ran Linux and they used a real ssh exploit. How a lot of the plot is a bit silly. It’s a really fun episode.

      • Linux Action News 208

        Canonical gives Linux admins a lucky break, the details on Android’s slow shift to an upstream Kernel, a breakthrough for Linux gaming, and our take on GNOME 41.

        Plus how AlmaLinux just rounded out their offering.

      • Brodie Robertson Channel Trailer 2021 – Invidious
      • Ubuntu 21.10 Beta Run Through – Invidious

        In this video, we are looking at Ubuntu 21.10 Beta. Enjoy!

      • Ubuntu 21.10 Beta

        Today we are looking at Ubuntu 21.10 Beta. It comes with Linux Kernel 5.13, Gnome 40, and uses about 1.1GB of ram when idling. Enjoy!

    • Kernel Space

      • Linux 5.14.8
        I'm announcing the release of the 5.14.8 kernel.
        All users of the 5.14 kernel series must upgrade.
        
        The updated 5.14.y git tree can be found at:
        git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux-stable.git linux-5.14.y
        and can be browsed at the normal kernel.org git web browser:
        
        https://git.kernel.org/?p=linux/kernel/git/stable/linux-s...
        
        thanks,
        
        greg k-h
        
      • Linux 5.10.69
      • Linux 5.4.149
      • Linux 4.19.208
      • Linux 4.14.248
      • Linux 4.9.284
      • Linux 4.4.285
      • Nintendo Crypto Driver Being Worked On For Linux, Yields Much Better AES Performance – Phoronix

        The Linux kernel support around the Nintendo Wii and Wii U game console hardware continues to improve and now a new Nintendo crypto driver is being tackled based on reverse-engineered documentation.

        A set of patches were sent out last week for the new “nintendo-aes” driver providing AES support on the Wii / Wii U hardware based on prior reverse engineering done to the Nintendo crypto engine.

      • Bcachefs Merges Support For Btrfs-Like Snapshots – Phoronix

        It’s been a while since having any news to report on Bcachefs as the promising open-source file-system born out of the Linux kernel’s block cache code. However, Kent Overstreet continues working tirelessly on it and has now merged Bcachefs’ snapshot support.

        Bcachefs is quite interesting from the technical perspective and so far continues being developed out-of-tree from the mainline kernel. This newly-merged Bcachefs snapshots support provides Btrfs-style sub-volumes and snapshots. Bcachefs snapshots are writable and designed to be highly scalable and space efficient. With the current code, snapshot creation and deletion is working and fsck work is done but other related items remain in the works.

      • Graphics Stack

        • Lavapipe Mesa Software Driver Enables Vulkan 1.2 Support – Phoronix

          Adding to the growing list of Mesa 21.3 features for next quarter’s feature release is Lavapipe now supporting Vulkan 1.2.

          Lavapipe is Mesa’s software-based Vulkan implementation akin to LLVMpipe for OpenGL. With the latest Mesa Git / 21.3-devel code, Lavapipe now exposes Vulkan 1.2 support.

          All necessary Vulkan 1.2 changes are now in place with only optional extensions remaining.

    • Benchmarks

      • Testing The New ASUS Platform Profile Support In Linux 5.15

        With the in-development Linux 5.15 kernel there is now support for ACPI Platform Profiles on supported ASUS laptops. This ASUS laptop platform profile support joins the likes of HP, Dell, and Lenovo laptops already having this support exposed under Linux that allows users to control their power/performance preference. Here are some tests with the ASUS ROG Strix G15 AMD Advantage laptop with the platform profile options under Linux 5.15.

        The ASUS-WMI driver with Linux 5.15 exposes the ACPI Platform Profile support of the hardware/firmware of supported laptops. Like with the ACPI Platform Profile support from other vendors, the control is exposed at /sys/firmware/acpi/platform_profile where users can write their supported preference for affecting the thermal/power behavior of the laptop. With GNOME 41 and KDE Plasma 5.23 there is the initial Platform Profile integration at the desktop level for easy UI-based controls around it. It’s only been through the past number of kernel releases this year that the ACPI Platform Profile support has begun to be exposed under Linux and in turn now the desktop environments making it easier to manage.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to install FFmpeg with NVIDIA GPU acceleration on Linux

        The ffmpeg is free and open-source video converter software for Linux and Unix-like systems. However, on Ubuntu/Debian Linux and other distros, NVIDIA hardware-based encoding is disabled at compile time. So, naturally, you need supporting NVIDIA GPU. Apart from that, it would be best if you had CUDA support installed with GNU compilers. Let us see how to install everything one by one on a server or desktop powered by Ubuntu or Debian Linux.

      • How to Install Jenkins on Debian 11

        Jenkins is an open-source automation and continuous integration tool that helps to automate the repetitive tasks involved in the software development process. It is written in Java used by software developers to automate different aspects of building, testing, delivering, and deploying software applications.

        This tutorial will explain how to install Jenkins on Debian 11 system.

      • How to Install Ghost CMS with Docker on Ubuntu 20.04

        Ghost is an open-source blogging platform to help you create a professional-looking blog. It was launched in 2013 as an alternative to WordPress because it was getting overly complex. Ghost is written in JavaScript and is powered by Node.js.

        In this tutorial, we will explore how to install Ghost CMS using Docker on a server powered by Ubuntu 20.04. We will also use Nginx as a proxy and Let’s Encrypt SSL certificate to secure our installation.

      • How to Install Apache Solr on Debian 11

        Apache Solr is an open-source enterprise-search platform from the Apache Lucene project. Its major features include powerful full-text search, scalable and fault-tolerant, distributed indexing, replication and load-balanced querying, automated failover and recovery, centralized configuration, and more. It is written in Java and uses the Lucene library for indexing.

        In this post, we will show you how to install the Apache Solr search platform on Debian 11.

      • How To Use SCP Command on Linux – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to use the scp command on Linux. For those of you who didn’t know, SCP (Secure Copy) is a command-line tool in Linux and Unix-like systems that are used to transfer files and directories across the systems securely over the network. It uses the Secure Shell SFTP subsystem for data transfer, and uses the same authentication, and provides the same security as Secure Shell. Scp will ask for passwords or passphrases if they are needed for authentication. By default, the SCP command is included in Linux and Mac, so you don’t need to download anything using those OS.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step use scp commands on Linux with practice examples.

      • How To Install Wine on Debian 11 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Wine on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, Wine is a free, open-source program that allows Linux users for running Windows-based applications or software on any Unix environment. As its name suggests Wine is not an emulator, but a runtime environment that ensures compatibility with Windows. It provides Windows programs a compatibility layer to work without actually having Win OS.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of WineHQ on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

      • Linux for Starters: Your Guide to Linux – Remote Desktop to Windows from Ubuntu – Part 18 – LinuxLinks

        This is a series that offers a gentle introduction to Linux for newcomers.

        It’s not uncommon for people interested in Linux to have multiple PCs in their home. Hardware comes in different shapes and sizes. They may be notebooks, tablets, home servers, media boxes, even single-board computers like the Raspberry Pi. Some of the devices may be headless (i.e. with no monitor attached). Regardless, with multiple devices, a convenient way to access them all from a central location is with remote desktop software.

        This article looks at a common activity; accessing a Windows PC desktop from your new Linux machine over a local home network.

      • How to install latest Rust on Linux – LinuxH2O

        This article guides you on how to install the latest Rust programing language on a Linux system. Whether it is your desktop or server. The guide universally works with all Linux distributions so it doesn’t matter whether you use Ubuntu, CentOS, Fedora, RHEL, Arch, or any other. Just follow along and you will be able to install the latest Rust programing language build on your Linux system.

        Rust is a general-purpose, cross-platform program language. It supports multi-paradigm and is designed for performance, safety, and concurrency. Rust is blazingly fast and memory-efficient with no runtime or garbage collector, it is best suited for performance-critical services and can run on embedded devices.

        The language is used by hundreds of companies around the world. Rust makes the production fast and low-resource intensive while providing cross-platform solutions. Rust is being used from startups to large companies.

      • How to generate WireGuard QR code on Linux for mobile

        I have written about setting up the WireGuard server on Linux. I have written about setting up the WireGuard server on Linux. Today, I will share a tip that allows creating QR codes for WireGuard VPN mobile clients running on Apple iOS or Android phones using Linux command-line options.

        WireGuard is a modern VPN solution for Linux, *BSD, and Unix-like systems. It is like OpenSSH, where you use public and private keys for remote login, but this one is for VPN. WireGuard config file has various config options, and typing all of them on mobile devices is challenging. Hence, creating a QR code makes deployment easy for everyone. Let us see how to make a QR code out of the WireGuard client config file on the Linux command line.

      • How to Install vsftpd Server on Debian 11 – Unixcop

        FTP or File Transfer Protocol, is a popular protocol for transferring files to and from an FTP server. However, it is fraught with security risks since it sends data and sensitive information in plain text. VSFTPD ( Very Secure FTP Daemon ) is a fast, secure and stable FTP server that uses encryption to secure data exchanged with the server.

        In this tutorial, we’ll install vsftpd FTP server on Debian 11.

      • Learning by Doing with Linux – Unixcop

        Learning by doing refers to a theory of education expounded by American philosopher John Dewey. It’s a hands-on approach to learning, meaning students must interact with their environment in order to adapt and learn. Dewey implemented this idea by setting up the University of Chicago Laboratory School.

        Linux has been around since the mid-1990s and has since reached a user base that spans the globe. To get more information from linux.com. So we could use Learning by doing with Linux.

      • How to Install Nagios Core in Rocky LInux and AlmaLinux

        Nagios is a free and open-source tool for monitoring systems, networks, and infrastructure. Nagios provides a web interface for viewing current network status, log files, notifications, and much more.

      • Install Java from your Linux distribution’s repositories | Opensource.com

        There are a number of different ways to install Java on your Linux desktop. An obvious route is to use the packages provided in your Linux distribution. Note that this doesn’t work for everyone; for example, some users may need a very specific version of Java.

        Before you can start, you must determine “which Java” you need. Do you just need to run some .class files or a .jar file? Or are you writing some code that you need to compile?

        In my case, most of the Java I run is Java that I have (at least partly) written myself, so it always makes sense to install the full Java Development Kit, or JDK, which comes with a Java compiler, libraries, and some really useful utilities. And of course, hereabouts, we give preference to the open source JDK, called OpenJDK.

      • Package manager in Linux

        In general terms and without going into too much detail, a package in Linux consists of a collection of files that allow the installation of a program and its related tasks, such as dependency scanning, pre-installation, and so on. Therefore, a package is not the application as such but the collection of files needed to install it.

        The use of packages attempts to solve the problem of interoperability between distributions thanks to a small metadata file that acts as a manifest of dependencies that must be met for the packaged software to run correctly on a given computer. So for example, we can have a package for Ubuntu 20.04 that might work fine on Debian 11. If not, we will be informed during the installation process.

        Although working with packages may seem simple, it is not. Imagine managing dependencies manually, it would be crazy. Fortunately, package managers were born to make it easier to use and work with packages.

    • Games

      • Has Valve kept their promise of 100% compatibility with the Steam Deck? – Invidious
      • How To Get Into Computer Game Development In 1982 | Hackaday

        If you are a follower of retrocomputing, perhaps you caught the interactive Black Mirror episode Bandersnatch when it came out on Netflix. Its portrayal of a young British bedroom coder finding his way into the home computer games industry of the early 1980s was of course fictional and dramatised, but for those interested in a real-life parallel without the protagonist succumbing to an obsession with supernatural book there’s a recent epic Twitter thread charting an industry veteran’s path into the business.

      • Card-collecting action RPG with tile-based combat Hero.EXE plans Linux support | GamingOnLinux

        Blending together what seems like quite a few genres Hero.EXE caught my attention recently from Mystery Egg Games and publisher Top Hat.

        Currently crowdfunding on Kickstarter with the goal hit and then some, you connect to the internet of other world where digital beings called A.V.As (Artificial Virtual Assistants) roam the digital world. After choosing your own A.V.A, you set off an an adventure that will apparently change both worlds. Blending elements of a tile-based battler (similar to One Step From Eden and Mega Man Battle Network) it also sprinkles in card collecting, visual novel style story scenes that’s all wrapped up in a very colourful inviting style.

      • Looks like Valve sent out quite a lot of Steam Deck developer kits | GamingOnLinux

        You probably heard recently that Valve was readying up Steam Deck developer kits and now we can see that quite a lot of developers have received one. Not just the big lot either, developers of all sorts across the world seem to be getting them and showing them off.

        The thing is that for it to be a success, you don’t just want the top most played games working well – you want as many as possible across every genre that developers have managed to created. Valve is clearly aware of this of course and you can see that in who they’ve approved for a Steam Deck dev kit.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • Can You Run Linux Without a Desktop Environment?

        While modern Linux systems have attractive desktop interfaces, you may be wondering whether you can use Linux without them. The straightforward answer is “yes.”

        What Is a Desktop Environment?

        While the desktop environments on Windows and macOS are tightly integrated and built into the system, on Linux, desktop environments like GNOME, KDE, and Xfce are just collections of programs that you can install in addition to the base operating system.

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • My 2009 LG laptop is running KDE neon

          And that’s another ancient laptop put to the test, successfully. I am rather pleased with both these experiments. First, being able to use the Pavilion, and then, second, being able to use the LG machine with decent performance, despite its age. Nvidia drivers, 5.8 kernel, all the modern applications, and you can even stream videos and play HD content. The disk is also fully encrypted. Not bad, not bad.

          I guess this article shows that buying decent hardware works well in the long run – you get more bang for your buck when you normalize it per years of usage. Also, while Linux has many problems and issues, it does have one fair advantage, and that’s how it handles old hardware. That ain’t a great business model, but it is a practical model, especially for people who value their properties, and/or may not want to waste money on buying new and shiny stuff, when the old one still works and delivers. Yes, 12 years of usage is pushing it by all standards, but it’s still something. Anyway, good results today, and a phenomenal testimony to the flexibility of the Plasma desktop.

    • Distributions

      • Reviews

        • Review: Martine OS 2.0 and Airyx 0.2.2

          I did not spend a lot of time with Airyx, just a few days. Mostly this was due to the operating system not playing well with my wireless card, an issue most flavours of BSD run into. However, while my experience was brief, I will say that I see the appeal of Airyx (and by extension helloSystem). For people who like the macOS style desktop, this experience should make people feel at home. The unified application menu on the top panel, the icons, the utility and settings panels, and the overall theme all share a strong similarity with macOS.

          The system installer is quite simple and can be navigated with a few mouse clicks so the barrier to entry is relatively low, assuming your computer has at least 4GB of memory for the live media. The operating system, even running ZFS, is quite light in memory and includes some standard open source tools.

          There were two weak points I encountered. The first was hardware support, which is often a problem I run into with flavours of BSD. Wireless and suspend support in particular tend to be missing. The other issue was the lack of a fully functioning package manager. I’m not sure why pkg has been hobbled in Airyx, but the fact it still refreshes repository information and installs packages from FreeBSD suggests to me that the limitation is unnecessary.

      • BSD

        • [openssh-unix-announce] Announce: OpenSSH 8.8 released

          A near-future release of OpenSSH will switch scp(1) from using the legacy scp/rcp protocol to using SFTP by default.

          Legacy scp/rcp performs wildcard expansion of remote filenames (e.g. “scp host:* .”) through the remote shell. This has the side effect of requiring double quoting of shell meta-characters in file names included on scp(1) command-lines, otherwise they could be interpreted as shell commands on the remote side.

          This creates one area of potential incompatibility: scp(1) when using the SFTP protocol no longer requires this finicky and brittle quoting, and attempts to use it may cause transfers to fail. We consider the removal of the need for double-quoting shell characters in file names to be a benefit and do not intend to introduce bug- compatibility for legacy scp/rcp in scp(1) when using the SFTP protocol.

          Another area of potential incompatibility relates to the use of remote paths relative to other user’s home directories, for example – “scp host:~user/file /tmp”. The SFTP protocol has no native way to expand a ~user path. However, sftp-server(8) in OpenSSH 8.7 and later support a protocol extension “expand-path at openssh.com” to support this.

        • OpenSSH 8.8

          sshd(8) from OpenSSH 6.2 through 8.7 failed to correctly initialise supplemental groups when executing an AuthorizedKeysCommand or AuthorizedPrincipalsCommand, where a AuthorizedKeysCommandUser or AuthorizedPrincipalsCommandUser directive has been set to run the command as a different user. Instead these commands would inherit the groups that sshd(8) was started with.

          Depending on system configuration, inherited groups may allow AuthorizedKeysCommand/AuthorizedPrincipalsCommand helper programs to gain unintended privilege.

          Neither AuthorizedKeysCommand nor AuthorizedPrincipalsCommand are enabled by default in sshd_config(5).

        • OpenSSH 8.8 release disabling rsa-sha digital signature support

          Published the release of OpenSSH 8.8, an open client and server implementation for the SSH 2.0 and SFTP protocols. The release is notable for disabling by default the ability to use digital signatures based on RSA keys with a SHA-1 hash (“ssh-rsa”).

          The end of support for “ssh-rsa” signatures is due to an increase in the effectiveness of collision attacks with a given prefix (the cost of collision guessing is estimated at about 50 thousand dollars). To test the use of ssh-rsa on your systems, you can try connecting via ssh with the “-oHostKeyAlgorithms = -ssh-rsa” option. Support for RSA signatures with SHA-256 and SHA-512 (rsa-sha2-256 / 512) hashes, which are supported since OpenSSH 7.2, is unchanged.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Red Hat Satellite 6.10 Beta is now available

          We are pleased to announce the availability of Red Hat Satellite 6.10 Beta. This release includes many new and updated features, including improved support for Secure Environments and new features to simplify operation and administration.

          Red Hat Satellite streamlines the deployment and maintenance life cycle of Red Hat environments to enable organizations to focus on their lines-of-business applications and reduce operations overhead. In 6.10, Satellite improves the user experience by focusing on simplicity and enhancing support for secure environments.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • Meet Canonical at Open Source Strategy Forum on 5th October in London | Ubuntu

          The Open Source Strategy Forum (OSSF) is a one-day conference for experts across financial services, technology and open source to deepen collaboration and drive innovation in the financial services industry. This year, Open Source Strategy Forum is live and in-person in London organised by the Linux Foundation and Fintech Open Source Foundation (FINOS).

          We are excited to announce that Canonical is a proud community sponsor for the OSSF 2021, London. You can meet our team at OSSF London on 5th Oct 2021 to discuss and to engage in a conversation around how financial institutions are leveraging open source software to address various business challenges.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • 5 open source alternatives to Zoom

        I recently attended the Practical Open Source Information POSI conference, which was held on a free and open source video conferencing platform. As I attended a series of excellent talks about practical uses of open source software, I realized how commonplace video conferencing had become over the past few years.

        If open source does anything, it provides choice, and now that more and more workers have the freedom of working remotely, having an option in the way you connect makes a lot of sense.

        Sometimes, you need a full-featured video conferencing application with moderation, a presentation mode, and breakout rooms, while other times, all you want to do is make a quick call to a friend so that you can see each other’s faces.

      • Why nonprofit organizations choose open source software

        With tech and data safety awareness rising, open source software is becoming a go-to option for organizations of all classes more than ever. Nonprofit organizations are particularly vulnerable on the financial side while at the same time dealing with vital social and environmental issues.

        This article observes the adoption of open source collaboration technologies in nonprofit organizations by using Nextcloud and ONLYOFFICE as examples.

        Open source is basically democracy written in code: It liberates and democratizes knowledge, gives access to vital technology to governmental and social institutions in all communities, and pursues the idea of transparency.

        People and organizations can access and reuse the software code. At the same time, contributors bear individual responsibility for the quality of their products and are more driven by initiative and ideas and much less by profit.

      • Dialect: An Open-Source Translation App for Linux

        hile you can launch the web browser and directly use any translation service to get the job done, a desktop app can sometimes come in handy.

        Dialect is a simple translation app that utilizes web services to translate while giving you some extra abilities.

        Dialect is primarily an app tailored for GNOME desktops, but it should work fine with other desktop environments.

        It lets you quickly translate languages along with a few extra options.

        At its core, it lets you choose between Google Translate or LibreTranslate as the translation service.

      • Top 21 Favorite Self-hosted Photo Collection and Web-based Galleries [2021]

        If you are a photographer (a pro of a hobby photographer like me) and want to make a portfolio for your work, you will look for a fast and effective way.

        Most likely, you have an account at some websites like Flicker, DeviantArt, and even Instagram. These services are free, unlimited, and comes without any technical requirement.

      • Programming/Development

        • MediaTek Hoping To Bring nanoMIPS Support Upstream Into GCC – Phoronix

          The nanoMIPS architecture that was announced by MIPS in 2018 for embedded devices to lower power consumption and yield smaller code footprints was announced for the MIPS I7200 but since then there hasn’t been much of nanoMIPS. However, MediaTek is now looking to contribute upstream the compiler support for this processor ISA into GCC.

          The MIPS architecture itself is now abandoned upstream to focus on RISC-V. MIPS Technologies formerly tried unsuccessfully (never finished) to get nanoMIPS support into the upstream GCC compiler but rather relying on their out-of-tree toolchain. MediaTek though is now working on nanoMIPS compiler support. MediaTek engineers haven’t mentioned why in 2021 they are working on nanoMIPS support for upstream GCC, but presumably it’s due to still relying on that ISA within the control processors of their modems.

        • Roots

          A few days/weeks later I had a nice little PDP-8 emulator running on my iPad. I found some archived binary images of ancient paper tapes and managed to load them into my emulator. This allowed me to run the suite of development tools that I had used back in those early days.

  • Leftovers

    • Smoke and Ruins: Deep Time in Paquimé

      The waitress has left us dark bottles of home-brewed beer and basket of chile peppers, poblanos and serranos, little green sticks of dynamite. We eat them until our mouths are enflamed with exquisite pain.

      Some ethnopharmacologists swear that you can hallucinate this way. But being novices, and wanting later to amble in a nearly erect manner across ancient ruins outside town, my friend Fremont and I decide to linger on the bright edges of consciousness, here in this beautiful and tragic place, where macaws in wicker cages hang above us like cackling white blooms. These birds of the jungle were sacred to the Anasazi, Hohokam and other people of the northern desert. I have seen petroglyphs of macaws carved into pink sandstone cliffs high above the San Juan River in Colorado, a thousand miles away from the nearest rainforest.

    • Watch: Palestinian crowd sings and dances to Hebrew music near Hebron

      The Palestinians were angered at the time by the fact that Sharif was presented as an Israeli and that some of his songs were in Hebrew. Some said it was unacceptable that Israelis songs would be sung in Ramallah on the third anniversary of Operation Cast Lead. Others said they didn’t like the fact that a member of the Druse community, whose sons serve in the IDF, would appear at a party in Ramallah.

    • Opinion | Palestinian Parties, Organizations Greet Abbas’ Pledge to Take Israel to ICC as ‘Historic’

      Al-Quds [Jerusalem] reports that Palestinians in the West Bank greeted President Mahmoud Abbas’s UN speech, in which he pledged to take Israel to the International Criminal Court if its squatter-settlements weren’t withdrawn within a year, with widespread acclaim.

    • Education

      • NEA World Order

        For more than five years, I have been writing reports that document the dangers of the encroaching corporatization of public education through ed-tech privatization.

        [...]

        This article will also examine similar conflicts of interest between the National Education Association and the international ed-tech industry through the NEA’s liaisons with IBM, UNESCO, and Project BEST (Basic Education Skills through Technology), which was America’s domestic version of UNESCO’s “Study 11: New Technologies in Education,” which set up the global “information technology” (IT) infrastructure for the emerging Fourth Industrial Revolution.

        Moreover, this article will also document how the NEA has been promoting a one-world education system through UNESCO’s Education for All initiative and UNESCO’s Global Education Coalition, which brings together an all-star team of Big Tech corporations that have partnered with the World Economic Forum (WEF) to usher in a techno-fascist Fourth Industrial Revolution.

    • Health/Nutrition

      • House Dems’ Reconciliation Bill Would Add Dental Benefits to Medicare — in 2028
      • Coalition Slams UN Food Summit for Peddling ‘Corporate-Led False Solutions’ to Hunger

        Despite branding itself as a “people’s summit,” the 2021 United Nations Food Systems gathering prioritized the perspectives and interests of large corporations, shut out small producers, and peddled sham solutions to the intensifying global crises of hunger and climate change.

        That’s the view of an international coalition of food sovereignty advocates, which on Saturday issued a statement blasting the U.N. Food Systems Summit (FSS) for “paving the way for greater control of big corporations over global food systems and misleading the people through corporate-led false solutions.”

      • Opinion | For Many, the Pandemic Was a Wakeup Call About Exploitative Work

        By the time Covid-19 hit, Lily, 28, had been with her employer for four years and in her part-time role for the past two. Not once in those four years had her hourly wage moved above the state-required minimum in her upstate New York town— currently, $12.50. Lily was living with her parents to save money, and, because her job was in ticketing sales for professional sports, it was competitive. She hadn’t given much thought as to why she was paid so little; she was just grateful to work in the industry she loved.

      • Biden Admin Could Handle Legal Barriers to Transferring COVID Vaccine Technology
      • Giving birth under the Taliban

        Surviving childbirth means Rabia is one of the lucky ones. Afghanistan has one of the worst maternal and infant mortality rates in the world, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), with 638 women dying per 100,000 live births.

        It used to be worse. Yet the progress made on maternal and neonatal care since the US-led invasion in 2001 is quickly unravelling.

        “There is now a great sense of urgency and desperation. I really feel the weight of that,” says United Nations Populations Fund (UNFPA) executive director Natalia Kanem.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Security

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • Twitter to pay $809.5 million to settle shareholder lawsuit

              The San Francisco company said the proposed settlement, which must still be signed off by a judge, resolves all claims against it without Twitter admitting any wrongdoing.

            • Mark Zuckerberg’s “Metaverse” Is a Dystopian Nightmare

              The term Metaverse first appears in Neal Stephenson’s 1992 novel Snow Crash, which follows the futuristic adventures of Hiro, a pizza delivery driver for the Mafia who moonlights as a hacker, immersed in what’s described as “a computer-generated universe that his computer is drawing onto his goggles and pumping into his earphones.”

              The book has long been a Bible for the priests of high tech. Stephenson is revered as a prophet, credited for inventing the concepts of avatars and cryptocurrency in addition to the Metaverse. Snow Crash was once required reading for Facebook’s management team. Stephenson was befriended by Bezos and hired by the augmented reality company Magic Leap in 2014 to help actually build the Metaverse.

              Apparently, no one in Silicon Valley has a sense of irony. Snow Crash is a dystopian novel, not a utopian one.

            • Ireland data protection commission initiates probe into TikTok’s data handling

              “The first probe will examine TikTok’s data protection requirements as they relate to the processing of personal data in the context of platform settings for users under age 18 and age verification measures for persons under 13,” the commission informed.

              The second probe will focus on transfers by TikTok of personal data to China.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • UN Chief Warns Humanity Is ‘Unacceptably Close to Nuclear Annihilation’

        In remarks ahead of the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons on Sunday, United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres warned that humankind remains “unacceptably close to nuclear annihilation,” with roughly 14,000 atomic bombs stockpiled across the globe.

        “Now is the time to lift the cloud of nuclear conflict for good, eliminate nuclear weapons from our world, and usher in a new era of trust and peace,” said Guterres, who observed in a statement last week that hundreds of nuclear bombs are just a “pushed button away from being launched.”

      • Nazis in the Heartland

        From time to time during the latter parts of World War II, my staunchly Protestant grandparents accommodated Nazi POWs, who labored in the fields alongside my father. The soldiers received no pay, but were rewarded with fresh Lucky Strike cigarettes at the end of the rows they harvested. Guards were always nearby, rifles in hand, ensuring there was no drastic escape for the POWs. Years later, my grandmother, Lydia, would tell me these young Germans were always good workers and kept to themselves. She was never afraid of them, she admitted, and when I would often confront her, “but they were real live Nazis!” she would always counter with something like “they were just young kids, and didn’t know any better.” To read this article, log in here or Subscribe here. In order to read CP+ articles, your web browser must be set to accept cookies.

      • Corporate media stirred global terror hysteria to push postwar hostility toward new Afghan govt
      • War in Afghanistan Isn’t Over — It’s Taking the Form of Illegal Drone Strikes
      • A Decade After the Execution of Troy Davis, 24 States Still Use Death Penalty
      • Fewer Democrats This Year Supported a 10 Percent Cut to the Defense Budget
      • We May Have Left Afghanistan, Mr. President, But We Are Still at War

        I never liked that term, “war on terror.” Terrorism is a tactic; it is not the enemy we fought every day. The term has done more to confuse us than enlighten us.

      • It’s a mistake to think some jihadis are only focused on the ‘local’

        As strange as it sounds, Salafi-jihadi groups’ primary goal is to govern — they want to destroy the Muslim world’s existing governments and build their own states that knit together into a global caliphate.

        This ideology is inherently antagonistic to the West. But this does not mean that attacking the West is always their top priority.

        They see themselves as moving between stages, sometimes focusing on building local strength and other times initiating the fight.

      • Eyewitness accounts, video confirm reports of Tigrayan children held in concentration camp

        Ethiopian federal forces, abetted by special forces, paramilitary groups, militia and police acting under the authority of the Amharan regional government, locked up in multiple locations hundreds of children of all ages — and even pregnant women, infants and toddlers — along with thousands of Tigrayan adults and senior citizens. These people appear to have been held in harsh conditions, systematically starved and beaten because of their ethnicity and with no judicial process or valid legal pretext. That is the definition of a concentration camp. This is a previously unreported part of an ongoing genocidal campaign led by Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed — ironically enough, a Nobel Peace Prize laureate — against various ethnic groups, including Tigrayans, Kimant, Gumuz, Ogaden (Somalis), Agew, Irob, Afar and Sidama, as well as Oromo people who fight to exercise the constitutional right to self-administration within a federal system.

    • Environment

      • Greta Thunberg takes another swipe at Jacinda Ardern’s response to climate change

        Climate Change Minister James Shaw said Thunberg is correct to say New Zealand’s emissions haven’t yet decreased.

      • Energy

        • What’s new in China’s crackdown on [cryptocurrency]?

          Ten Chinese agencies, including the central bank and banking, securities and foreign exchange regulators, have vowed to work together to root out “illegal” cryptocurrency activity.

          While China has been putting in place increasingly stricter rules on virtual currencies, it has now made all activities related to them illegal and sent a signal of intent they plan to get even tougher on enforcing the rules.

          China’s central People’s Bank of China (PBoC) said it was illegal to facilitate cryptocurrency trading and that it planned to severely punish anyone doing so, including those working for overseas platforms from within China.

          The National Development and Reform Council (NDRC) said it would launch a nationwide crackdown on cryptocurrency mining as it tries to phase the sector out entirely.

        • EU fuel tax subsidies worth €1.5 billion are driving climate impacts & overfishing: Report

          The report, Climate Impacts & Fishing Industry Profits From EU Fuel Tax Subsidies, which estimates the fossil fuel tax subsidies received for the entire EU fishing fleet, and features case studies from France, Spain, Portugal, Italy and The Netherlands, finds that the destructive and fuel-hungry fishing vessels benefit the most from these perverse subsidies, while the climate, fisheries, and small-scale fishers suffer the consequences.

        • [Old] Texas’ Power Grid Was 4 Minutes And 37 Seconds Away From Collapsing. Here’s How It Happened

          Officials at the Electric Reliability Corporation of Texas (ERCOT), which manages the state’s grid, showed its board a timeline Wednesday of events leading up to the grid’s near-collapse. That timeline showed the grid was just 4 minutes and 37 seconds away from a cascading series of events that could have left Texas in the dark for weeks — if not more.

        • [Old] Texas’ Power Grid Was 4 Minutes And 37 Seconds Away From Collapsing. Here’s How It Happened.

          Still more power plants went offline because of the weather. And by 1:43 a.m. Monday, the frequency of the grid was falling to dangerous levels. At about 1:51 a.m., the grid dropped below 59.4 hertz. That may not sound much different than 60 hertz, but if the frequency stayed under that threshold for 9 minutes or more, ERCOT officials said, it would trigger that cascading failure of the grid.

        • [Old] The Two Hours That Nearly Destroyed Texas’s Electric Grid

          In fact, it was a crisis years in the making. Texas’s power grid is famously independent — and insular. Its self-contained grid is powered almost entirely in-state with limited import ability, thereby allowing the system to avoid federal oversight. It’s also an energy-only market, meaning the grid relies on price signals from extreme power prices to spur investments in new power plants, batteries and other supplies.

          There’s no way to contract power supply to meet the highest demand periods, something known as a capacity market on other grids. There are no mandates or penalties compelling generators to make supply available when it’s needed, or to cold-proof their equipment for storms like the one that slammed Texas last weekend.

          [...]

          “Contrary to some early hot takes, gas and coal were actually the biggest culprits in the crisis,” said Eric Fell, director of North America gas at Wood MacKenzie.

    • Finance

      • Russ Allbery: Review: The Problem with Work

        One of the assumptions baked deeply into US society (and many others) is that people are largely defined by the work they do, and that work is the primary focus of life. Even in Marxist analysis, which is otherwise critical of how work is economically organized, work itself reigns supreme. This has been part of the feminist critique of both capitalism and Marxism, namely that both devalue domestic labor that has traditionally been unpaid, but even that criticism is normally framed as expanding the definition of work to include more of human activity. A few exceptions aside, we shy away from fundamentally rethinking the centrality of work to human experience.

      • ‘Carrying Water for Big Corporations’: Sinema Faces Backlash for Opposing Tax Hikes

        Sen. Kyrsten Sinema of Arizona has reportedly told her Democratic colleagues that she will not support any tax hikes on corporations or wealthy individuals, a stance that could derail the party’s plan to fund its sprawling safety net and climate package.

        “The right-wing Dems are carrying water for big corporations and billionaires who don’t want their taxes to go up.”

      • Tracking stolen crypto is a booming business: How blockchain sleuths recover digital loot

        Ardoino, Tether’s chief technology officer, took note. Typically, when savvy cybercriminals make off with cryptocurrency, they transfer the assets among online wallets through difficult-to-trace transactions. And poof — the money is lost.
        Ardoino sprang into action and, minutes later, froze the assets.
        “We were really lucky,” he said. “Minutes after we issued the freezing transaction, we saw the hacker attempt to move out his Tether. If we had waited five minutes more, all the Tether would be gone.” Two weeks later, Tether released the money to its rightful owners. And after threats from Poly Network, the online bandit gave up the rest.
        The seizure pokes a hole in the long-held belief that cryptocurrency is impossible to trace. Cryptocurrency is computer code that allows people to send and receive funds, recording the transactions on a public ledger known as a blockchain, rather than retaining account holder info. Because of the lack of user data, cryptocurrencies like bitcoin have been hailed as a safe haven for criminal activity. Fueled by anonymity, the shadowy industry allows hackers, tax evaders and other bad actors to launder money secretively, outside of the traditional banking system.

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • The Murky Politics of Film Noir

        This outstanding, lavishly illustrated film history book definitively covers the waterfront of this shadowy brand of pictures that explores the seamy underside of life – and death. Muller is the world’s leading authority on Film Noir, who has written three nonfiction books on the genre and hosts the weekly Noir Alley series on Turner Classic Movies (TCM Noir Alley). In terms of text and layout, Muller’s revised, expanded Dark City, The Lost World of Film Noir (Running Press) is a movie history masterpiece.

        To read this article, log in here or Subscribe here. In order to read CP+ articles, your web browser must be set to accept cookies.

      • Opinion | The Entire United States Is Now the Reichstag Building

        It’s time to be blunt. The right-wing political alliance anchored by the Republican party and Trumpism coheres around a single concrete objective—taking absolute power in the U.S. as soon and as definitively as possible. And they’re more than ready, even seemingly want, to destroy the social fabric of the country to do so.

      • Catalan Separatist Leader, Carles Puigdemont, Is Arrested in Italy

        Carles Puigdemont, the former separatist leader of Spain’s Catalonia region, was arrested by the Italian police Thursday night on the island of Sardinia, his office said in a statement, on an arrest warrant issued by Spain’s top court on charges of sedition.

        Mr. Puigdemont, a member of the European Parliament, had been traveling to the Sardinian city of Alghero from Brussels, where he had fled to avoid the charges, first brought in 2017.

        He had gone to Sardinia to attend a Catalan folk culture festival known as the Adifolk Conference, the statement from his office said. When he arrived at the airport, he was detained by the Italian police.

      • Former Catalan Leader Carles Puigdemont Detained In Italy, Lawyer Says

        The circumstances under which Puigdemont was taken into custody were not immediately clear. Boye wrote on Twitter the ex-regional president was detained under a 2019 European arrest warrant, even though it had been suspended.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • Wisconsin high schooler wins lawsuit against sheriff over COVID-19 social media post

        A Wisconsin high schooler on Friday won her lawsuit against a sheriff’s deputy who allegedly threatened her with arrest if she did not take down several social media posts related to COVID-19.

        U.S. District Judge Brett Ludwig ruled that Amiyah Cohoon’s free speech rights had been violated when a Marquette County deputy said she needed to remove posts saying she had COVID-19 or face possible prison time, The Associated Press reported.

      • Thai Authorities Arrest Trans Celeb Wanted in Malaysia for ‘Insulting Islam’

        Sajat was charged in January for violating Sharia laws and insulting Islam, and faces up to three years in prison if convicted under Sharia law, which has broad jurisdiction for Muslim citizens. On a live broadcast to her Instagram followers months before her arrest, Sajat revealed that she had been targeted by transphobic people and received death threats after she announced her intention to leave the faith. Her accounts, with followings into the tens of thousands, have since been deactivated following her departure from Malaysia.

      • Salman Rushdie: ‘I’m afraid Cat Stevens got off the peace train a long time ago’

        Meanwhile, watch this video, in which he enthusiastically endorses the Ayatollah Khomeini’s death fatwa against Rushdie. Does he look as if he is being “framed” by a “sharp-toothed journalist”?

        But will he ever come clean and apologize? Almost certainly not. Islamic supremacists never do. Whatever wrongdoing they commit is always someone else’s fault.

      • Putin critic Navalny slams Google and Apple for accepting Kremlin censorship

        Both companies bowed to Russian government pressure to delete content relating to a tactical voting campaign promoted by Navalny during elections last weekend that saw Russia’s ruling pro-Putin party retain its majority amid accusations of widespread ballot-rigging and a crackdown on anti-Kremlin opposition.

        “If something surprised me in the latest elections, it was not how Putin forged the results, but how obediently the almighty Big Tech turned into his accomplices,” Navalny said on Twitter on Thursday — a message written from prison and published by colleagues.

      • The internet cannot be suspended in entire districts to prevent cheating in exams – IFF writes to the Rajasthan Government.

        We wrote to the officers of the Rajasthan Government expressing concerns about the unlawful, unnecessary, disproportionate and improperly ordered internet shutdowns in various districts of Rajasthan on September 26, 2021, purportedly ordered to prevent cheating in the Rajasthan Eligibility Exam for Teachers 2021. We highlighted that the orders for internet shutdown did not comply with the procedure prescribed under the Telecom Suspension Rules and the guidelines issued by the Supreme Court in Anuradha Bhasin v. Union of India. In our representation, we urged the Rajasthan Government to ensure that internet shutdowns were ordered by properly authorised officials, that such orders were prominently published, and followed the Supreme Court guidelines. We have also previously written about internet shutdowns in Rajasthan and also made a representation to the Government of Rajasthan on February 6, 2021.

    • Freedom of Information/Freedom of the Press

      • Trump’s CIA Considered Kidnapping or Assassinating Assange: Report

        Under the leadership of then-Director Mike Pompeo, the CIA in 2017 reportedly plotted to kidnap—and discussed plans to assassinate—WikiLeaks founder and publisher Julian Assange, who is currently imprisoned in London as he fights the Biden administration’s efforts to extradite him to the United States.

        Citing conversations with more than 30 former U.S. officials, Yahoo News reported Sunday that “discussions over kidnapping or killing Assange occurred ‘at the highest levels’ of the Trump administration.”

      • Report claims CIA planned to abduct or kill Assange in 2017

        The lengthy report says the spy agency was angry about the leak of some of its hacking tools that year, which the whistleblower organisation called Vault 7.

        Assange is currently in Belmarsh Prison in the UK, awaiting the outcome of an appeal by the US against a British court verdict that said he could not be extradited to America to face espionage charges.

      • 5 Turkish journalists sentenced to prison on terrorism charges

        Turkish journalists are often targeted and jailed for their journalistic activities. Turkey is one of the world’s biggest jailers of professional journalists and ranked 153rd among 180 countries in terms of press freedom, according to Reporters Without Borders (RSF).

        According to the Stockholm Center for Freedom’s “Jailed and Wanted Journalists in Turkey” database, 174 journalists are behind bars in Turkey and 167 are wanted and either in exile or at large.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • Gearing up for UPC Implementation one step closer as Slovenia ratifies the PAP Protocol [Ed: UPCA is already dead, but Team UPC has crafted a fake news script wherein it’s made to look like there is progress and constitutions are to be abandoned]
        • Latest news and updates on the Unified Patent Court [Ed: Amy Sandys is just a magaphone of Team UPC; did not fact-check or ask anyone except the lobbyists. JUVE has become a laughing stock. JUVE is a loobying and marketing site disguised as “news”.]
        • Antipodean AI attains inventorship: Implications of Australia’s outlier status on AI inventors

          Australia is an outlier on the question of whether an artificial intelligence system (AI) can be named as an inventor on a patent application. In Thaler v. Commissioner of Patents, the Federal Court of Australia found that an AI could be an inventor. Thaler explained that, under Australian law, “if only an artificial intelligence system could be said to have created the output, but you only permit of human inventors, you may not have an inventor. Hence one may not be able to patent the invention.” Id. at ¶ 132. This result differs from other jurisdictions which have addressed the question, with the U.K. High Court, and U.S. Federal Court for the Eastern District of Virginia finding against it in, respectively, Thaler v. The Comptroller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks and Thaler v. Hirschfeld. The U.K. High Court indicated that, in cases involving putative AI inventorship, “the argument that the owner/controller of an artificially intelligent machine is the ‘actual deviser of the invention [was not] an improper one.” Thaler v. Comptroller General at ¶ 52. This is consistent with a report issued in October of 2020 by the USPTO which found that, even where an AI was involved in the invention process, activities such as choosing data to provide to the AI, developing the algorithm for the AI, or designing the architecture for the AI could still qualify a human as an inventor.

          [...]

          AI inventorship is an emerging area of law, and as technology continues to advance more situations such as that addressed in the Thaler cases will arise. Ultimately, addressing the challenges posed by these situations may require changes in national patent laws to establish procedures to prevent differences between jurisdictions from precluding protection. In the meantime, applicants who seek protection across jurisdictions with the inconsistent treatment of AI inventors should be aware of the pitfalls in this area and take active steps to ensure that they are not caught up.

        • Please mind the gap – expedition of patent trials and the German injunction gap

          Mr Justice Mellor gave two judgments in relation to requests expedited trials, each with a different result

          In a duo of judgments in August 2021 Mr Justice Mellor was called upon to decide two requests for expedited trials. With such requests becoming more frequent in the Patents Court the decisions give a good overview of the relevant factors the court will consider when faced with such applications and how two requests, seemingly concerning the same issue, can be decided very differently.

          [...]

          It can be seen that the facts of these two cases are quite different. In the first decision the issue of asymmetry coupled with the fact a primary reason for expedition was to have a decision from the Patents Court to put before the German infringement court was not something which the judge considered could pass the hurdles set down in the case law. However, as shown in Advanced Bionics, where there is a real effect in the UK the court will seek to expedite cases.

          It is also of note from the Abbott/Dexcom case that the court will actively seek a solution which may be amenable to both parties. The proposal of undertakings from the judge in this case is a good example of how the court takes a pragmatic approach to disputes.

          Finally, it is worth mentioning that the Advanced Bionics case is currently part of the shorter trials scheme (STS), where trials would usually be listed to be heard not more than eight months after the CMC. It also concerns only one patent and, given it is part of the STS, has an estimated trial length of four days. The Abbott/Dexcom case involved 12 patents in total and Abbott’s application sought expedition of a trial with an estimated length of eight to nine days. This is a hefty ask and, given speeding up one case may result in another losing its place in the court queue, one can see why the Court needs to consider the granting of expedition with care. After all, we are British and jumping the queue will only be acceptable for a good reason.

GNU Turns 38 (Midday Today or 12:35:59 EST) and RMS Talks to Polish Medical Professionals This Evening

Posted in Free/Libre Software, FSF at 6:05 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

We’re unable to find a link for a stream, if any exists at all, but there’s this page

rms-poland-code-europe

Summary: Today GNU turns 38. Last week over 5,000 people watched the RMS talk in Ukraine using our WebM version of it; in a few hours RMS will speak in Poland and we’ll try to find a stream if one becomes available (we shall update this page).

Speaking of updates:

RMS updates

Here is the full message reproduced here as well:

To: debian-devel-announce@lists.debian.org
Subject: Re: General Resolution: Richard Stallman’s readmission to the FSF board
From: Salvo Tomaselli [redacted]
Date: Fri, 26 Mar 2021 07:52:33 +0100

Hi,

I’m a disabled person and I think that calling rms an “ableist” for what he wrote about prenatal diagnosis is incorrect.

It shows that the author of the letter knows NOTHING about what goes on in groups for civil liberties of disabled people and their families.

In my country, Italy, it is the religious bigots who do not want prenatal diagnosis, because it might led to abortion, and they are against that. Catholics also see any suffering and pain as “good”, as a way to elevate the soul towards God.

So, in short, in the letter, rms is being accused for his pro-choice views.

In the haste to label him with whatever “woke” insult, the writers and signers of the letter ended up siding with the camp that wants to deny women’s rights.

Many years ago, I read a letter from the father of a mentally disabled person that was described as a 2 year old inside the body of a 40 year old.

The parent said that he loved his son very much but he couldn’t help to wonder what would happen to him after he died. Would he be taken care of? Would he be abused? So he was expressing his ideas that perhaps prenatal diagnosis can be good. Not because he didn’t love his son but because he could not defend himself from the world after he had died.

It is of course a tragic thought and honestly I believe that while abortion must be a right, it is always a sad event. I believe that most abortions should not happen, because they happen either because the mother can’t support a child or she is too young to do so, and in both cases that means that improvements to welfare and education are much needed. But still, it is a right that must not be denied.

Honestly I do not believe it is my place to morally judge if an abortion was performed for a good enough reason, and I believe it is not the place of anyone to place this moral judgment onto others.

rms has expressed his controversial opinion about a small part of this vast topic, and this is now being used against him by opportunists who want to replace him.

To be honest, I believe that the position on abortion has absolutely nothing to do with debian and free software in general, and people from both opinions should be welcome to partecipate.

To conclude, I must say that as a disabled person I’m getting a bit tired of people who self-diagnose themselves a mental illness and call “ableist” anyone they disagree with on social media. I think it is insulting towards real disabled people and it diminishes the struggle and makes the term “disabled” meaningless. I don’t know if this is what’s happening here, but it is a trend that I’ve noticed in general.

Best


Salvo Tomaselli

09.26.21

Links 27/9/2021: Librem 14 Reviewed, Linux 5.15 RC3 is Out

Posted in News Roundup at 6:51 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • Librem 14 Is the Most Secure Laptop You Can Buy, but It Comes at a High Price

        If you’re looking for a Linux laptop with a focus on privacy and security, you could roll your own. Several GNU/Linux operating systems are available that are more angled towards privacy and keeping you secure online, rather than general computing. One example is PureOS, the operating system from Purism that you will find pre-installed on the Librem 14.

        A top-end ultraportable notebook with specs comparable with a MacBook Pro, the Librem 14 is arguably the most security and privacy-conscious laptop around.

        But Purism’s laptop costs a pretty penny – is it worth the price?

    • Kernel Space

      • Linux 5.15-rc3
        So after a somewhat rocky merge window and second rc, things are now
        actually looking pretty normal for rc3. Knock wood.
        
        There are fixes all over, and the statistics look fairly regular, with
        drivers dominating as they should (since they are most of the tree).
        And outside of drivers, we have a fairly usual mix of changes -
        architecture fixes, networking, filesystems, and tooling (the latter
        being mostly kvm selftests).
        
        Shortlog appended, it's not too long and easy to scan through to get a
        flavor for the details if you happen to care.
        
        Please do give it a whirl,
        
                     Linus
        
        
      • Linux 5.15-rc3 Released – Looking “Pretty Normal” Plus Performance Fix – Phoronix

        Linus Torvalds has now issued the third weekly release candidate of the forthcoming Linux 5.15 kernel.

      • Kernel prepatch 5.15-rc3

        The third 5.15 kernel prepatch is out for testing. “So after a somewhat rocky merge window and second rc, things are now actually looking pretty normal for rc3. Knock wood”.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to use wall command in linux – Unixcop

        wall is (an abbreviation of write to all) is a Unix command-line utility that displays the contents of a computer file or standard input to all logged-in users. It is used by root to send out shutting down message to all users just before poweroff.

        It displays a message on the terminals of all logged-in users. The messages can_be either typed on the terminal or the contents of a file.

        Also usually, system administrators send messages to announce maintenance and ask users to log out and close all open programs.The messages ‘re shown to all logged in users with a terminal open.

      • Any Port in a Storm: Ports and Security, Part 1

        When IT and Security professionals talk about port numbers, we’re referring to the TCP and UDP port numbers a service is running on that are waiting to accept connections. But what exactly is a port?

      • Book Review: Data Science at the Command Line By Jeroen Janssens

        Data Science at the Command Line: Obtain, Scrub, Explore, and Model Data with Unix Power Tools written by Jeroen Janssens is the second edition of the series “Data Science at the Command Line”. This book demonstrates how the flexibility of the command line can help you become a more efficient and productive data scientist. You will learn how to combine small yet powerful command-line tools to quickly obtain, scrub, explore, and model your data. To get you started, author Jeroen Janssens provides a Docker image packed with over 80 tools–useful whether you work with Windows, macOS, or Linux.

      • How to Take a Typing Test on Linux With tt

        In the modern era of technology, typing has become one of the most common activities for a lot of professions. Learning to type faster with accuracy can help you get more things done in the same amount of time.

        However, touch typing is not a skill that you can master overnight. It takes regular practice and testing to improve your speed and accuracy gradually. While there are a lot of websites that help you achieve this, all you essentially need on Linux is a terminal. Let’s see how.

      • FIX: Google Chrome doesn’t work on Kali linux
      • How to install OpenToonz on a Chromebook

        Today we are looking at how to install OpenToonz on a Chromebook. Please follow the video/audio guide as a tutorial where we explain the process step by step and use the commands below.

        If you have any questions, please contact us via a YouTube comment and we would be happy to assist you!

    • Games

      • Epic Games Brings Anti-Cheat Software to Linux and Mac

        Epic Games has announced the availability of its free Easy Anti-Cheat software on Linux and macOS as part of the Epic Online Services platform meant to facilitate cross-platform play.

        Many online titles rely on some kind of anti-cheat system to combat the use of wall hacks, aimbots, and other game-breaking software that gives players advantages over their peers. Refusing to install the anti-cheat software can preclude someone from playing the game at all.

        That system works out well on platforms where anti-cheat software is readily available. There haven’t been many efforts to introduce those systems on Linux or macOS, however, which is part of the reason why many gamers have to dual-boot Windows to play their favorite titles.

        Epic’s working to change that. The company made Easy Anti-Cheat free to Windows game developers in June, and now it’s making the software freely available to devs working on games for Linux and macOS, too. So it should be easier than ever for all three platforms to coexist.

      • BattlEye will also support Steam Deck with anti-cheat software – Games – News
    • Distributions

    • Devices/Embedded

      • RISC-V Launches the Open Hardware Diversity Alliance

        RISC-V International, a global open hardware standards organization, announced the launch of the Open Hardware Diversity Alliance. The global Alliance, created by CHIPS Alliance, OpenPOWER Foundation, RISC-V, and Western Digital, will develop and provide learning and networking programs, mentorship opportunities and inclusive environments across the expansive ecosystem of open hardware. The Alliance will be focused on supporting professional advancement and encouraging equal participation for women and underrepresented individuals in the open hardware community.

      • ASUS Tinker Board 2S: High-performance Raspberry Pi alternative

        The long-awaited ASUS Tinker Board 2S is out. And there’s a lot packed into the 85 x 56 mm Raspberry Pi form factor.

        At the heart of the Tinker Board 2S is a Rockchip RK3399 chipset that combines two ARM Cortex-A72 cores, four ARM Cortex-A53 cores, and an ARM Mali-T860 MP4 GPU.

        The board comes with 2GB or 4GB of LPDDR4 RAM, and 16 GB of eMMC flash.

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Huawei launches OS openEuler, aims to construct ‘ecological base of national digital infrastructure’

        Chinese tech giant Huawei launched openEuler operating system (OS) on Saturday, another self-developed OS after the HarmonyOS, as it tries to “solve the domestic stranglehold problem of lacking its homegrown OS in basic technology,” and build a full-scenario covered ecosystem to prepare for more US bans.

        The openEuler OS can be widely deployed in various forms of equipment such as servers, cloud computing and edge computing. Its application scenarios cover Information Technology, Communication Technology and Operational Technology to achieve unifying an operating system with multi-device support, according to the company’s introduction.

        In the ICT field, Huawei provides products and solutions such as servers, storage, cloud services, edge computing, base stations, routers, industrial control among others, all of which need to be equipped with an OS. Huawei has therefore been building capabilities to achieve a unified OS architecture, and meet the demands of different application scenarios, the firm said on Saturday.

        The openEuler program was initially announced back in 2019 as an open source operating system. Today’s launch is an updated one.

      • FSF

        • Licensing/Legal

          • Oracle v. Google: What the verdict means for open source | InfoWorld

            The decade-long legal battle between two of the world’s largest tech companies has finally come to an end. The result was a victory for the open-source software community.

            In case you need a refresher on the Oracle v. Google case, Oracle sued Google in 2010 for copyright infringement on Google’s use of Oracle’s Java API in its Android smartphone operating system. The District Court ruled in favor of Google, but that decision was later reversed on appeal. The case ultimately landed in the U.S. Supreme Court, which ruled six to two in Google’s favor this April.

      • Programming/Development

  • Leftovers

    • Build Your Own Personal Streaming Service with Plex – Radio Survivor

      Plex is a free audio and video streaming platform that was created to let you host and stream your own media collection to just about anywhere on the internet. At its most basic, you install the Plex server software on a computer – available for Windows, MacOS and most flavors of Linux – where you store your media library. Plex indexes it and makes it available online. Though Plex is most well known for helping people organize and stream their video collections – the platform now even offers free on-demand and live movies and TV – my primary use case is for music.

    • Check your bits: What to do when Unix decides to make a hash of your bill printouts

      Fire up the Cossie*! We’re going back to the ’80s with an On Call tale that combines the drama of a fast Ford motor with the eldritch horror of Unix serial port settings.

      “Neil,” today’s Regomised reader, ran a consultancy specialising in Uniplex, an office automation suite compromising the usual suspects: word processing, spreadsheets, email, database and so on. It predated Microsoft’s efforts in the integration arena by a good few years.

      “It supported printers from the FX-80 upwards,” Neil explained, “but by far the most popular was the HP LaserJet series with its 8-bit ECMA-94 charset.”

    • Like a phoenix rising from the smouldering ruins of its data centre, OVH sets sights on IPO

      OVH Groupe SAS is edging closer to a potential initial public offering (IPO) expected to value the European hosting and cloud biz at around $4.7bn – months after a fire engulfed part of its data centre real estate.

      The privately owned company, which trades as OVH Cloud, today issued a letter and series of documents confirming it is “contemplating” an IPO on Euronext Paris with the intent to “raise up to €400m through the issuance of new shares.”

    • Science

    • Health/Nutrition

      • California Governor signs bill protecting warehouse workers • The Register

        California Governor Gavin Newsom on Wednesday signed Assembly Bill 701, establishing new protections for workers at warehouse distribution centers.

        The new law requires employers operating large warehouses in the state to disclose worker production quotas. It also prohibits disciplinary action against workers for missing quotas as a result of health- or safety-related breaks.

        AB 701, which takes effect on January 1, 2022, was drafted with an eye toward Amazon’s warehouse management practices.

        “Amazon’s business model relies on enforcing inhumane work speeds that are injuring and churning through workers at a faster rate than we’ve ever seen,” said Assemblywoman Lorena Gonzalez (D-San Diego), who proposed the bill, in a statement.

      • Their Baby Died in the Hospital. Then Came the $257,000 Bill.

        Brittany Giroux Lane gave birth to her daughter, Alexandra, a few days before Christmas in 2018. The baby had dark eyes and longish legs. She had also arrived about 13 weeks early, and weighed just two pounds.

        Alexandra initially thrived in the neonatal intensive care unit at Mount Sinai West. Ms. Lane, 35, recalls the nurses describing her daughter as a “rock star” because she grew so quickly. But her condition rapidly worsened after an infection, and Alexandra died early on the morning of Jan. 15 at 25 days old.

        A flurry of small medical bills from neonatologists and pediatricians quickly followed. Ms. Lane struggled to get her breast pump covered by insurance because, in the midst of a preterm birth, she hadn’t gone through the health plan’s prior approval process.

      • Opinion | The Limits of ‘My Body, My Choice’ – The New York Times

        At a protest against vaccine mandates, a hospital worker told New York’s Livingston County newspaper: “If you want it? Great. If you don’t? Great.” She continued: “Choice is where we stand. If you want it, we’re not against it. That’s your choice.” Those I know who have refused to get vaccinated or wear masks have echoed this same idea. They assure me that they aren’t telling anyone else what to do but that this is a matter of personal choice. They are doing what they think is best for themselves and their families.

        “My body, my choice,” the rallying cry of the pro-choice movement, has been adopted by those opposing mask and vaccine mandates. People who are pro-choice have voiced outrage that their phrase is being co-opted, which in turn thrills those on the right who are using it.

    • Integrity/Availability

    • Defence/Aggression

      • US Air Force puts Godzilla in charge of autonomous warfare effort with Project Kaiju • The Register

        The United States Airforce (USAF) has unveiled Project Kaiju, a $150m (£108m) effort to build “cognitive electronic warfare” systems capable of operating entirely autonomously – to be run under Godzilla’s watchful eye.

        Named for the entertainment genre, Japanese for “strange beast”, Project Kaiju is not – sadly – an effort to breed giant monsters to defend US interests. Rather, it’s the name given to a project which seeks to give the USAF better electronic warfare capabilities – including the ability to run autonomously, without human interaction.

        “US aircraft are increasingly required to operate in hostile environments heavily defended by integrated air-defence systems (IADS),” Project Kaiju’s coordinators explained in the Broad Agency Announcement (BAA) unveiling the project. “The next evolution of advanced IADS is likely to employ radars, surface-to-air (SAM), and air-to-air (AAM) threats that utilise multi-spectrum technology.

      • This is AUKUS for China – US, UK, Australia reveal defence tech-sharing pact • The Register

        Australia, the United States of America, and the United Kingdom have signed a new defence and technology-sharing pact.

        Dubbed AUKUS, the headline item of the pact is assistance from the UK and US to help Australia build nuclear-powered submarines that are interoperable with their own fleets (but do not carry nuclear weapons). Australia’s Department of Defence Science and Technology argues [PDF] that subs “can shape or change the behaviour of other nations and their decision-making, which no other Australian Defence Force asset or combination of assets can do”.

        The only credible regional threat Australia faces is China. Australia previously planned to build diesel-electric subs in conjunction with a French manufacturer – a contract that is about to be terminated without putting a boat in the water. Nuclear-powered boats can run submerged for longer and more quietly, and do not have to vent exhaust gases.

        AUKUS is therefore further evidence that the US and UK are keen to contain China.

      • German Elections Live Results: Social Democrats Lead

        Germans appeared to vote for change on Sunday. With a majority of voting districts reporting, the Social Democratic Party had a slim lead, hovering around 26 percent, more than a percentage point ahead of Christian Democratic Union, which had just over 24 percent of the vote.

        With final results not likely to come until early Monday, the race could still tip either way. But as the hours wore on and more results came in, the Social Democrats’ lead looked increasingly likely to hold.

        Regardless of the outcome, the winning party will still need to team up with other parties to form a government. And in the complex equation that can be required in Germany to form a government, it is possible that if the winning party fails to get others on board, the party that placed second could wind up leading the country.

        As party leaders reacted to the exit polls broadcast on television news channels earlier in the evening, each of the two top candidates claimed his right to build the next government and occupy the chancellery.

        Cheers erupted at the Social Democratic Party’s headquarters when the exit polls were announced early Sunday evening. A short while later, supporters clapped and chanted “Olaf! Olaf!” as Olaf Scholz, their candidate, took the stage to address the crowd.

        “People checked the box for the S.P.D. because they want there to be a change of government in this country and because they want the next chancellor to be called Olaf Scholz,” he said.

    • Finance

      • Evergrande is in trouble. But it probably won’t be a Lehman moment
      • Tech contractors fume over payday outage at Giant Pay after it sniffs ‘suspicious activity’

        Giant Pay – an umbrella company used by contractors across the UK – has confirmed “suspicious activity” on its platform is behind a days-long ongoing outage that has left folk fretting about whether they’ll get paid this month.

        In an update on its website today, the firm said: “Upon detection of suspicious activity on our network on 22nd September 2021, we immediately assembled a response team including IT data experts and specialist lawyers, and we are currently working with the highest priority to resolve this issue.

        “As part of the investigation and as a measure of caution, we have proactively taken our systems offline and suspended all services temporarily.” It also confirmed it had contacted regulatory authorities and assured contractors they would get paid.

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • Two of America’s Leading Historians Look at the Nation’s Founding Once Again — to Understand It in All Its Complexity – The New York Times

        There was nothing inevitable about the creation of the United States — the United States, singular, that is, a continental nation-state with a central government, rather than these United States, plural, a collection of small, quarrelsome quasi republics connected by a weak treaty of friendship. In fact, the path to the nation as we know it, with a powerful executive, a representative legislature and an independent judiciary, was highly implausible. For the 13 states at the time of the Revolution — mini-nations that had their own currencies, their own foreign policies, their own navies — the quest for independence was not just freedom from an imperial Britain, but independence from one another. America could have very easily looked like a bigger, more dysfunctional European Union.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • Tick, tick, tick … TikTok China just limited kids to 40 minutes’ use each day • The Register

        Douyin, the Chinese app known as TikTok outside the Middle Kingdom, has imposed limits on usage time for kids.

        In a weekend post to Tencent-operated portal qq.com, Douyin’s owner ByteDance revealed that it has moved all users who have authenticated with their real names, and are under 14 years of age, into “youth mode”.

        Such users are now restricted to using the app for forty minutes a day, and not at all between 10pm and 6am. Youth mode users are also fed wholesome, curated content.

    • Freedom of Information/Freedom of the Press

      • FPJ Edit: Taming the winged horse – the Pegasus case could open a Pandora’s box of unlawful practices and dark secrets

        The alleged snooping on opposition leaders, journalists, activists, dissidents and even members of the judiciary, using a military-grade Israeli spyware meant to combat terrorism should have led to an undying uproar. As the Editors Guild of India put it, “This is a moment that demands deep introspection and inquiry into the kind of society we are heading towards and how far we may have veered away from the democratic values enshrined in our Constitution.”

        However, like the many other atrocious things happening in this country, the Pegasus issue too has been whittled down. The government’s stonewalling meant that the matter went nowhere in Parliament and the opposition parties lacked imagination on how to take it to the masses. It was only a ‘jugalbandi’ between the media and the judiciary that took the issue forward. Responding to a clutch of PILs filed by journalists, the Supreme Court last week decided to set up a committee of technical experts to look into the allegations. However, the two months that it took for the case to reach this stage may have far-reaching repercussions.

      • Rights groups demand release of Congo journalist over terrorism charges

        Rights groups called on military authorities in Democratic Republic of Congo on Friday to release a journalist arrested on terrorism charges for the possession of a video showing the assassination of two U.N. sanctions monitors in 2017.

        Sosthene Kambidi, who works for Congolese news site Actualite.cd and sometimes with international news agencies, was arrested by the army prosecutor at a hotel in Kinshasa on Monday night, he said in a WhatsApp message to a Radio France International (RFI) journalist, which was shared with Reuters.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • Indian broadband connections top 800 million … sort of

        India’s Telecoms Regulatory Authority has revealed that the nation has over 800 million active broadband subscribers.

        The Authority’s Highlights of Telecom Subscription Data [PDF] for the month ending on July 31st 2021 revealed that the nation started the month with 792.78 million broadband subscribers and ended it with 808.6 million – two per cent growth within a month.

        Wireless subscriptions jumped by 14.78 million, with wired subs up by a mere 490,000. Interestingly, fixed wireless services grew 83.53 per cent in the month, jumping from 650,000 subs to over 1.19 million.

    • Digital Restrictions (DRM)

    • Monopolies

      • Concerns over ethics, diversity lead some Stanford students to say no to Silicon Valley

        The number of undergraduate majors in computer science at Stanford has nearly quadrupled since 2010, and hackathons are almost as easy to come by as fraternity parties. When Facebook, Microsoft or Google pay over $12,000 for a table at a Stanford career fair, the return on investment is assured. Their famous brand names — not to mention their six-figure starting salaries and amenities-rich work environments — are certain to attract large crowds of talented job candidates.

        [...]

        Like Gebru, Mieczkowski has observed the adverse effects of algorithms throughout the evolution of Silicon Valley. She referenced public backlash surrounding Twitter’s recently discarded image cropping algorithm, which would crop photos with a white person and multiple Black people in a way that, nine times out of 10, would only show the white person in the image preview, according to Mieczkowski. She added that there were repeated instances in which Twitter would crop women’s chests without user input. After immense criticism, Twitter removed the automatic cropping feature.

        But what Mieczkowski called the “most invigorating aspect of change in Silicon Valley, and across the country,” are attempts of labor organizing inside technology companies. She cited the Alphabet Workers Union (AWU) — named for the parent company of Google — as a rare creation in an industry historically resistant to the unionization of its white-collar workforce. She described these labor unions as part of “solidarity-centered” change in the industry, which is “hopefully going to make big waves.”

      • Citing competitive concerns, European Commission seeks to intervene in Illumina’s $8 billion acquisition of Grail

        In an unusual step, the European Commission plans to intervene in the recent merger between Illumina (ILMN) and Grail because regulators were unable to finish reviewing the deal before it was completed, raising concerns that competition in the market for DNA sequencing tests will now be damaged.

        The move comes one month after Illumina stunned regulators by announcing it had closed its $8 billion acquisition, even though the EC had opened an investigation only weeks earlier at the prompting of France and five other European Union member states. In the U.S., the Federal Trade Commission had already filed a complaint last March to block the deal.

      • Three UK says its 5G plans are under threat if tower merger with Euro giant Cellnex is blocked • The Register

        Any attempt to block Cellnex’s takeover of Hutchison UK’s tower network could see consumers “significantly worse off” and hamper the progress of Three UK’s planned £3bn investment in 5G.

        What’s more, the UK competition watchdog’s decision to probe the deal was flawed and based on a “simplistic and misleading” assessment rather than a proper understanding of how real-world markets operate.

      • Patents

        • Corner office podcast: Scott Frank on leading AT&T IP in 2021 [Ed: Patent propaganda with sponsorship/disclosure entirely omitted; what happened to actual news sites which investigate issues?]

          The intellectual property CEO of one of the world’s largest telecoms companies talks about licensing, harvesting collaboration and global outreach

        • Can an AI system be named the inventor? In wake of EDVA decision, questions remain [Ed: British and American courts aren't easy to troll or rick-roll into thinking that "Hey Hi" nonsense is "inventor"]

          Federal statutes and regulations that currently govern how the US Patent and Trademark Office processes applications – namely 35 U.S.C. § 115(a) regarding the inventor’s oath – have not kept pace with technology. The original statute governing inventorship, for example, was enacted in 1952.

          Artificial intelligence is notable among the new technologies posing fundamental questions about the viability of the inventor’s oath. Congress could eventually determine that AI-invented inventions should be patentable, and if so, Congress would need to intervene and propose legislation to include AI as an inventor under the patent laws. Globally, we are seeing a variety of approaches to this fundamental question.

          Earlier this month, the Eastern District of Virginia issued the first court opinion in this country addressing whether an AI system can be named as an inventor on a patent.[1] In Thaler v. Iancu, the court found that an AI system cannot be named as an inventor on a patent. An inventor, it held, must be a natural person.

        • Rewriting the ‘patent bible’: Judge Meade’s first year in court [Ed: Patent zealots' think tank admits patent law is basically like a religion]
        • A year on since Mr Justice Richard Meade filled a much-needed void in the England and Wales High Court, practitioners assess his impact

      • Opinion: How seriously does the UK government really take IP? [Ed: There is no such thing as "IP" (it is a deliberate misnomer and propaganda term) but nowadays they give people job titles with this lie in them. UK changes this one on average every year!]

        If IP is so central to the UK government’s objectives, why do we have yet another IP minister?

      • How to speed up patent applications in the UK and EU [Ed: Putting speed ahead of accuracy is how lots of fake patents are being issued, only to be canned when they reach courtrooms (and only the lawyers end up profiting)]

        From the Green Channel to the Patent Prosecution Highway, there are many mechanisms that enable you to accelerate the progress of a patent application through the search, examination and publication stages at the UK Intellectual Property Office (UKIPO) and European Patent Office (EPO). Here’s our guide to ensuring that your applications proceed as quickly and smoothly as possible.

      • Court of Appeal rejects AI inventor claims in Dabus patent ruling [Ed: When members of the courts aren't secretly members of the religion or sect or cult of patentism (court not stacked by them yet)]

        The Court of Appeal in London has ruled against the physicist Stephen Thaler’s latest bid to list his AI machine Dabus as an inventor on a patent.

        In what has become a test case for patent law, Thaler has applied for patents listing Dabus as the inventor in a number of jurisdictions, including the US, Europe and China as well as the UK.

        Dabus is a so-called “creativity engine” that uses artificial neural networks to generate and assess new ideas. Thaler argues it’s the sole inventor of, among other things, a food container that improves grip and heat transfer, an area in which he says he has no expertise and so couldn’t have contributed to the patent in a way that would qualify him for inventor’s rights.

        The High Court in England and Wales sided with the UK Intellectual Property Office last September in refusing the patent applications, accepting that while Dabus created the inventions, it couldn’t be granted a patent on the grounds that it wasn’t a ‘natural person’.

        Now, the Court of Appeal in London has found that only a ‘person’ with legal personality can be an inventor, and that as Thaler accepts that he isn’t the inventor, he isn’t entitled to the patent.

      • AI system cannot be named as the inventor on a patent, UK court rules [Ed: This is how FT covered it. Financial Times is taking bribes from EPO management and others.]
      • Morocco & Europe agree to step up partnership in patents, intellectual property & trademarks [Ed: Another ludicrous EPO puff piece]

        Moroccan trademark Office (Office de la Propriété Industrielle & Commerciale – OMPIC) and the European Patent Office (EPO) have sealed an agreement on the Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC).

        The agreement, which was signed lately remotely by EPO Chief António Campinos and Head of OMPI Abdelaziz Babqiqi, opens up a new chapter of cooperation between the two agencies.

      • UK Court Of Appeal Rejects AI Inventor Claim [Ed: Not enough nuts stacked in this court (or to believe that bots are persons)]

        In a Judgment handed down on 21 September 2021 ([2021] EWCA Civ 1374), the Court of Appeal has rejected an appeal by Dr. Stephen Thaler claiming that it should have been possible for him to name an Artificial Intelligence (AI) entity as the inventor on his UK patent applications. This judgment perhaps makes more emphatic the need for a change in UK legislation to keep pace with the increasing prevalence of AI, particularly if inventions created by AI entities are to be protectable. However, as there was a dissenting judgment at the Court of Appeal, with Lord Justice Birss coming to a different finding to that of Lord Justice Arnold and Lady Justice Elisabeth Laing, it is likely that permission to appeal to the UK Supreme Court will be sought.

      • UK Court of Appeal: Thaler v Comptroller-General [Ed: Sanity prevails this time around in British courts]

        The UK Court of Appeal has rejected an appeal in a case concerning the rejection of patent applications filed at the UK Intellectual Property Office (UKIPO) on the basis that an AI-based machine known as “DABUS” (Device for the Autonomous Bootstrapping of Unified Sentience) was listed as an inventor. This appeal case in the UK follows a number of corresponding cases in a project involving patent applications filed before patent offices around the world by Dr. Stephen Thaler seeking to establish that AI-based machines can make inventions and that the owners of such systems can obtain patents in respect of those inventions – the so-called “DABUS cases”.

        On two patent applications filed before the UKIPO, statements of inventorship were filed listing DABUS as the name of the inventor and asserting that Dr. Thaler was entitled to be granted a patent by “ownership of the creativity machine DABUS”. Under UK law, the Patents Act 1977, section 7 stipulates that a patent may be granted to (a) the inventor, (b) any person who is the first owner of the “property in” the invention at the time of the making of the invention. Moreover, under section 13 of the Patents Act, the inventor has the right to be mentioned in the patent, and the applicant must (i) identify the person believed to be the inventor or inventors; and (b) where the applicant is not the inventor, indicate the derivation of his or their right to be granted the patent.

      • Salt and solid form issues in US and European patents
      • Court of Appeal – AI generated inventions denied UK Patent in DABUS case [Ed: How patent maximalists (the litigation profiteers) respond to a reasonable decision that bots are not "inventors" and don't deserve monopolies or patents]

        The Court of Appeal has denied Dr Thaler the grant of patents for inventions generated by DABUS, an Artificial Intelligence (AI) machine created and owned by him .

        The facts surrounding the case are known to many around the world. This matter is an international test case advanced by Dr Thaler and his collaborators to establish whether owners of AI systems can obtain patents for inventions generated by those systems. The Court of Appeal held by a two to one majority, that the UK Patents Act 1977 provided a complete code, under which a patent cannot be granted where the inventor identified in the patent application is not a person. It was accepted by Dr Thaler that a machine is not a person (as is clearly the case). This means that, if patents are to be granted in respect of inventions made purely by machines (as opposed to using the machine as a tool to find inventions), there must be a change in the law, unless the applicant inaccurately identifies a person as an inventor in the patent applications. The Court did not decide whether the inventor had to be a natural or a legal person.

      • Leahy confirms new bill to limit USPTO director’s PTAB power [Ed: Once again twisting the meaning of the word "bipartisan" to make it seem like two people in the pockets of patent litigation fanatics somehow speak for every member of Senate/parliament/house]

        Senator Patrick Leahy has announced that he plans to introduce legislation intended to prevent future USPTO directors from undermining the inter partes review process at the Patent Trial and Appeal Board.

        Speaking at a webinar hosted by the US Manufacturers Association for Development and Enterprise (US MADE) on Wednesday, September 22, Leahy said the new bill would increase transparency for IPRs, prevent politicised meddling and limit the number of “so-called” discretionary denials.

        Leahy’s announcement confirms reports made to Managing IP earlier this week that the senator would introduce a new PTAB-related bill.

        [...]

        Tillis and Leahy announce two bipartisan patent bills

        US senators Patrick Leahy and Thom Tillis introduced two intellectual property bills on Tuesday, September 21 – one to ensure that the public could identify the true owners of patents and another to bolster more diverse participation in the patent system.

        The first bill, the Pride in Patent Ownership Act, would mandate that patent owners have to disclose their identities to the USPTO when a patent is issued or when ownership of a patent changes.

        If passed, the act would also set out that applicants have to disclose whether any government entity – including a foreign one – provided funding for fees paid to the USPTO or to a lawyer or patent agent for prosecution.

        The second, the Unleashing American Innovators Act, would require the USPTO’s satellite offices to conduct outreach to increase participation in the patent system from underrepresented groups, including women, people of colour, veterans and individual inventors.

        It would also mandate that the USPTO director should establish a new satellite office in the southeast region of the US, and to look into whether the office needed additional satellite offices to increase underrepresented groups’ representation in the patent system.

        Under the bill, the director would be compelled to establish a pilot programme to help first-time prospective patent owners assess the viability of potential applications.

        The bill would also lower filing fees for small businesses and micro entities.

        Leahy also announced his intention this week to introduce a bill that would limit the powers of the USPTO director over the Patent Trial and Appeal Board and “restore” the America Invents Act.

        Switzerland leads innovation list as Korea breaks into top five

        Switzerland retained top spot in the World Intellectual Property Organization’s annual ranking of countries’ innovation capacity.

      • The battle over Leahy’s PTAB reforms begins [Ed: Patent extremists’ think tanks and propaganda mills are quick to react and try to shape the future of PTAB in order to protect fake patents from scrutiny]

        Although Patrick Leahy has yet to file his bill proposing reform of the PTAB system at the USPTO, that has not stopped the battle lines being drawn over its merits

      • UK Court Rules That AI Can’t Be An Inventor Of A Patent, Do You Agree? [Ed: This has nothing to do with pixie dust "Hey Hi"! it's about assigning patents to bots, which is more ridiculous than calling insects "inventors" and granting them patents]

        In doing this, he did not list himself as the inventor, rather opting to list Dabus while arguing that he should be given the patent “by ownership of the creativity machine,” according to the BBC. However, the UK’s Intellectual Property Office (IPO) told Thaler that it was necessary to list a real human as an inventor, not a machine. Thus, with this “error,” the patent application was considered withdrawn.

      • US Patent Forum 2021: Why FRAND needs to change amid 5G and IoT [Ed: No, FRAND needs to be abolished; FRAND is for patents that ought not exist (or be allowed) in the first place]

        Speakers at Audi, Ropes & Gray and the Computer & Communications Industry Association debated the future of SEP licensing as the IoT grows

      • Slovenia set to ratify Protocol on Provisional Application of UPC Agreement [Ed: UPCA is already dead, but this is the latest propaganda line from Team UPC, some unimportant country (in the patent context) signing something about a dead thing. They pay to push this now.]

        It is understood that the Slovenian Government ratified the Protocol on the Provisional Application of the Unified Patent Court (UPC) Agreement on 16 September 2021, and that the ratification should be published in the Official Gazette by the end of September 2021. Publication will result in the ratification entering into force.

      • Breaking: Leahy confirms new bill to limit director’s PTAB power [Ed: PTAB has been thoroughly slandered by patent extremists and their moles (like Iancu), but changes are coming]

        Speaking at a US MADE webinar, Senator Patrick Leahy said his new bill would bolster transparency and limit discretionary denials

      • Software Patents

        • Germany: Automatic Selection Of A Marketing Script : Non-Technical [Ed: I see that Bardehle Pagenberg continues with its patent extremist agenda in Europe, pushing software patents by piggybacking rigged courts that criminals have taken over]

          This EPO Board of Appeal decision concerns a patent application for an automatic selection of a marketing script. In the appeal, the Board noted that considerations were all non-technical business concepts. Therefore, although computers were technical, the implementation of the non-technical requirements would have been obvious to the skilled person in the art of telecommunication and computer systems.

        • Todos Medical Reports Second Quarter 2021 Financial Results [Ed: Software patents disguised as "Hey Hi"...]

          Received Notice of Allowance from European Patent Office for Patent Application Covering Diagnosis of Cancer Using Proprietary Artificial Intelligence TBIA Immune Profiling Platform

    • Copyrights

      • NFTs: why IP counsel don’t see revolution, for now [Ed: Crackpot stuff like NFTs]

        With the digital art ‘Everydays: The First 5000 Days’ selling for $69 million, Twitter co-founder Jack Dorsey’s first-ever tweet auctioning for $2.9 million, and IBM announcing plans to tokenise patents, some people’s interest in non-fungible tokens is at an all-time high.

        But NFTs, a term which broadly covers unique digital assets or tokens on a blockchain, have a long way to go before they transform the trade in intellectual property assets, say sources.

        Companies are mostly riding on the NFT hype and tangible changes may take time as the market is largely unregulated.

        Counsel say that NFTs have huge potential when it comes to transacting and monetising IP and maybe even physical assets, but most people are uninformed and practical challenges currently overshadow the possible benefits.

Links 26/9/2021: GNU Wget2 2.0.0 and MenuLibre 2.2.3 Released

Posted in News Roundup at 2:00 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • 8 Reasons Why You Should Use Linux for Programming

        Linux is a platform with a good market reputation. Programmers prefer to use it for multiple reasons. It is easier to set up and run over any system. Moreover, its interface comes up with continuous improvements that make it desirable even for programming assignment help .

        [....]

        No doubt system maintenance is an important thing that requires consideration while setting up and operating the operating system. Linux is simple in maintenance due to its easy to understand interface. The operating system and other software are easier to update. Further, it is a protective system from malware and viruses that helps to arrange data accurately or safely.

        The feature of getting all updates on a regular basis helps a lot in making the system quick over actions. As compared to Linux system maintenance on any other setup is not that easy. Further, it requires third party assistance to update the system and much more. But in the case of Linux it is quick and smart in updating or maintenance without the requirement of any third party system.

    • Kernel Space

      • Google will move to develop innovations for Android in the main Linux kernel

        At the last Linux Plumbers 2021 conference, Google spoke about the success of the initiative to move the Android platform to use a regular Linux kernel instead of using its own version of the kernel, which includes changes specific to the Android platform.

        The most important development change was the decision to move after 2023 to the “Upstream First” model, which implies the development of all new kernel features required in the Android platform directly in the main Linux kernel, and not in its separate branches (functionality will be promoted to the main kernel, and then used in Android, and not vice versa). In 2023 and 2024, it is also planned to transfer to the main core of all additional patches remaining in the Android Common Kernel branch.

        As for the near future, for the Android 12 platform expected in early October, assemblies of the Generic Kernel Image (GKI) kernel will be offered, as close as possible to the usual 5.10 kernel. For these assemblies, a regular release of updates will be provided, which will be placed in the ci.android.com repository. In the GKI kernel, Android-specific additions, as well as hardware-related handlers from OEMs, are moved into separate kernel modules. These modules are not tied to the main kernel version and can be developed separately, which greatly simplifies the maintenance and transfer of devices to new kernel branches.

      • Linux IO_uring Can Now Achieve Up To ~3.8M IOPS Per-Core – Phoronix

        It was just last month when ~3.5M IOPS per-core was impressive with the code for Linux 5.15 to further push Linux’s I/O limits. Now for code likely to be included in Linux 5.16 it’s currently at 3.8M IOPS with a single tread.

        With this patch series reworking and further optimizing the submission and completion paths, the I/O throughput is upped even more. With block maintainer and IO_uring lead developer Jens Axboe’s Intel Optane based rig, he is enjoying around a 3% throughput improvement.

      • Updated AMD P-State Driver Published For Linux – Phoronix

        Earlier this month AMD published their “amd-pstate” Linux driver that leverages ACPI CPPC data to make more informed CPU frequency scaling decisions with an aim to boost the performance-per-Watt for Zen 3 (and eventually Zen 2) processors on Linux. The second spin of that “amd-pstate” Linux kernel driver is now available for testing.

    • Applications

      • MenuLibre 2.2.3 Released

        PrefersNonDefaultGPU was added to the FreeDesktop.org Desktop Entry Specification in version 1.4. It’s a hint for the desktop environment to use a non-discrete, more powerful GPU, if it is available. Support for this key was recently added to Xubuntu and elementary, and is making it’s way to other desktop environments as well.

        X-GNOME-UsesNotifications is used by GNOME, elementary, and other GTK desktops (possibly others as well) to inform the environment that an app can send notifications. This enables management of those notifications through a single interface. This feature is seen in GNOME and elementary.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to analyze Linux system boot time with Systemd – Linux Shout

        Systemd is a system and session manager that is responsible for managing all services running on the system over the entire operating time of the computer, from the start-up process to shutdown. Processes are always started in parallel (as far as possible) in order to keep the boot process as short as possible. But how to know which process took how much time while booting your system, well for that we can use the Systemd as well.

      • How To Install Figma on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Figma on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Figma is a popular tool amongst graphic designers and UI, UX designers. It can be used to create wireframes, high-fidelity interface designs, prototyping, etc. One of the most loved features of Figma is its ability to run inside a browser, which makes it platform-independent.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Figma on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

      • How To Create and Manage Groups in Linux – ByteXD

        A group is a collection of users in Linux that shares some commonalities for the purpose of security, privilege, etc.

        Linux allows its administrators to create different user groups very easily. This is convenient because you can create a user group and manage all of the user’s permissions at once, instead of individually assigning permissions to each user.
        If you are not familiar with Linux permissions and how to manage them, take a look at this article.

        In this tutorial, we will cover how to create groups in Linux and briefly explain how to manage them.

      • What’s the differences between a Docker image vs a container? – Coffee Talk: Java, News, Stories and Opinions

        A container is a collection of one or more processes, organized under a single name and identifying ID that is isolated from the other processes running within a computing environment. That computing environment can be a physical computer or a virtual machine.

        A container image is a template that defines how an image will be realized at runtime.

        While containers started out as a Linux technology, you can create containers within the Windows operating system too.

        The important thing to understand about Docker technology is that it has two main components: the client CLI tool and the container runtime. The CLI tool is used to execute instructions to the Docker runtime at the command line. The job of the Docker runtime is to create containers and run them on the operating system.

      • How To Install Yarn on Debian 11 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Yarn on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, Yarn is a package manager for JavaScript that runs on Node.js, allowing developers to manage their application dependencies. It was created to solve a set of problems with npm, such as speeding up the packages installation process by parallelizing operations and reducing errors related to network connectivity.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the Yarn on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

      • How to Install LaTeX Editor TeXstudio 4.0.0 in Ubuntu 20.04 / 21.10 | UbuntuHandbook

        The open-source LaTeX editor TeXstudio 4.0.0 was released! Here’s how to install it in Ubuntu via PPA repository.

        TeXstudio 4.0.0 offers Qt6 support which should improve HiDPI handling. And the official packages for Windows and macOS are now based on Qt6, while Linux build sticks to Qt5.

        The final release is out after 8 alpha, 3 beta and 2 release candidate tests, though it’s announced only with following changes…

      • How to Setup Passwordless SSH Login in Linux with Keys

        Hello Linux geeks, it is always a good practice that Linux systems should be ssh with keys rather than the password. SSH (Secure Shell) keys gives us a secure way to login to Linux and UNIX like servers. When we access Linux systems with SSH keys then it is also known as passwordless ssh authentication.

        In this post, we will learn how to setup passwordless SSH authentication with keys in Linux.

      • How to prevent a Supply Chain Attack in a Linux Environment

        This is a type of cyberattack that seeks to damage an organization by attacking weaker elements in the supply chain. A supply chain attack can happen across any industry.

        Software supply chain attacks occur when attackers insert malicious code in a poorly secured part of the software supply chain. This causes a ripple effect, in which a lot of consumers of the software are impacted by the attack.

      • Setup Load Balancing with HAProxy, Nginx and Keepalived in Linux

        In the conventional method of hosting a server or website, the server is hosted through a single HTTP server. When the clients hit on the server, they are allowed on the server. But, what happens when multiple users, even more; thousands of clients, hit the site at a time for some query? What will happen if the server crashes? How will the single server balance the load? To answer all these questions, we can use the term ‘Load balancing’. If you’re looking for authentic tools for managing traffic of your server, you can definitely setup the HAProxy, Nginx, and Keepalived on Linux for load balancing.

      • This Will Make You a Command-Line Ninja | by Erik van Baaren | Python Land | Sep, 2021 | Medium

        A well-crafted bash command or script can save hours of manual labor. This tutorial will show you exactly how easy it is to become a command-line ninja and automate those tedious tasks. If you need to polish your basics, head over to Shell Commands Every Developer Must Know.

      • What Is the Linux Command Line and How Do You Use It?

        The interface you use to view and interact with an operating system, whether text-based or graphical, is known as a shell. The first shells were text-based. This is because the earliest electronic computers were not household devices. Instead, they were giant mainframes that occupied entire rooms.

        Back then, computing power was pretty low and network connections were slow. You can store very many files, and many users can sign into a system simultaneously over a very slow connection when you’re only working with text.

        In 1969, Dennis Ritchie and Ken Thompson at Bell Labs developed the Unix operating system, one of the first mainframe operating systems to gain widespread adoption.

        Unix operated on mainframes as a shared system, with people interacting with the computer from individual terminals consisting of only a keyboard and a screen. Users did everything from creating and navigating files to transmitting data by typing commands using a shell, which the mainframe then interpreted.

        If anything went wrong, a system administrator could check via a console, a dedicated text-entry, and display device used for system-related messages such as those concerning the BIOS, bootloader, or kernel. Linux is a Unix-like system that replicates much of the functionalities of Unix, but as free software available to all.

        The Thompson shell (written by Ken Thompson) was the initial shell for Unix, but a replacement came from Stephen Bourne in 1979 known as the Bourne shell. In 1989, Brian Fox create the Bourne Again shell (bash for short) as a free software replacement of the Bourne shell as part of the GNU Project. This is the default shell for most Linux operating systems.

        Thus we have several of the names that are still commonly used for the command line today: command line, shell, terminal, console, and bash.

      • How to Change Login Screen Background in Ubuntu

        This is how you can get rid of those lifeless login screen background in Ubuntu and set a nice picture to welcome you each time you log on.

    • Wine or Emulation

    • Games

      • Derivation: Episode 1 Motion Comic by Itizso on itch.io – David Revoy

        Game developer Itizso on itch.io made a motion comic derivation with the first webcomic episode of Pepper&Carrot. It’s an interesting way to give life to this episode.

      • Trouble is brewing over on GOG due to the HITMAN release needing online for some features | GamingOnLinux

        GOG.com, the store that provides itself on offering “DRM FREE” builds of games has recently released Hitman – Game of The Year Edition from IO Interactive and GOG fans are not happy.

        To set the scene a little, this is a single-player stealth game about running around assassinating various targets across a bunch of different missions. It’s actually a pretty good game and it has a Linux build available on Steam ported by Feral Interactive, which is not up on GOG.

        Here’s the problem: many features in HITMAN require you to have an internet connection. This is different to a game that has online modes which would of course need the internet. This is a game you play by yourself. Story missions and bonus mission can be played offline but you have to be online for most of the progression for item unlocks, new start location unlocks, special contracts, featured contracts, escalation missions and more.

      • Steam Deck: Official Anti-Cheat Support Incoming in 2021

        If you have been following news closely (including with our recent Podcast with James Ramey) it should come as no surprise to see official support for EAC ahead of the Steam Deck launch. As discussed during our interview, this will probably require signed Proton builds in order to have EAC running in the games that require it (one of the requirements of Anti-cheat technology is to have reproducible environments). In practical terms this probably means that custom Proton builds made by third parties (like Proton GE) may not be able to include such support. We will have to see when more details surface.

        [...]

        With these two announcements, it looks like there should be a nice jump in compatibility for anything running under Proton in the very near future (maybe even ahead of the Steam Deck launch). Will that be enough to reach 100% compatibility as announced by Valve? Probably not, but my guess is that the fact that they are shipping a truckload of devkits of the Steam Deck early to developers is going to help for the remaining gaps.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • Turbocharging Kalendar — Kalendar devlog 15

          This week, we have focused on one thing: speed. From UI additions to under-the-hood improvements, Kalendar is now quicker to use and faster to act than ever!

          A lot of this week has been spent profiling Kalendar, finding hotspots, and minimising them. As a result, lots of tweaks now help Kalendar perform better, particularly when using the month and schedule views. By limiting the number of view resets each second, using less resource-intensive components, and eliminating cruft, Kalendar is now significantly faster.

    • Distributions

      • Reviews

        • Pinebook Pro Review: A FOSS Laptop That Doesn’t Suck

          Pinebook’s Linux-only approach to hardware development makes an attractive proposition for those wanting the all-FOSS experience. But how does its Pinebook Pro laptop stack up against more established opposition, such as the much-loved Chromebook?

    • Devices/Embedded

      • Awesome Raspberry Pi automatic guitar tuner project

        Musicians and Raspberry Pi enthusiasts may be interested in a new project published to the official Raspberry Pi blog this week documenting a new project using the small Raspberry Pi Pico mini PC that can automatically tune your guitar. The Pico powered guitar tuning box has been created by Redditor u/thataintthis otherwise known as Guyrandy Jean-Gilles and makes it easy for you to perfectly tune your guitar. The project is perfect for beginners or those looking for a little help to remove the boredom of tuning your axe before a session.

      • First RISC-V computer chip lands at the European Processor Initiative

        The European Processor Initiative (EPI) has run the successful first test of its RISC-V-based European Processor Accelerator (EPAC), touting it as the initial step towards homegrown supercomputing hardware.

        EPI, launched back in 2018, aims to increase the independence of Europe’s supercomputing industry from foreign technology companies. At its heart is the adoption of the free and open-source RISC-V instruction set architecture for the development and production of high-performance chips within Europe’s borders.

        The project’s latest milestone is the delivery of 143 samples of EPAC chips, accelerators designed for high-performance computing applications and built around the free and open-source RISC-V instruction set architecture. Designed to prove the processor’s design, the 22nm test chips – fabbed at GlobalFoundries, the not-terribly-European semiconductor manufacturer spun out of AMD back in 2009 – have passed initial testing, running a bare-metal “hello, world” program as proof of life.

      • FPGA Retrocomputer: Return To Moncky

        This project, called the Moncky project, is a step above the usual 8-bit computer builds as it is actually a 16-bit computer. It is built around an Arty Spartan-7 FPGA dev board running around 20 MHz and has access to 2 x 128 kB dual-port RAM for memory. To access the outside world there is a VGA output, PS/2 capability, SPI, and uses an SD card as a hard drive. This project really shines in the software, though, as the project creator [Kris Demuynck] builds everything from scratch in order to illustrate how everything works for educational purposes, and is currently working on implementing a C compiler to make programming the computer easier.

      • Elderly Remote Keeps Things Simple | Hackaday

        If you are lucky, you’ve never experienced the heartbreak of watching a loved one lose their ability to do simple tasks. However, as hackers, we have the ability to customize solutions to make everyday tasks more accessible. That’s what [omerrv] did by creating a very specific function remote control. The idea is to provide an easy-to-use interface for the most common remote functions.

      • Open Hardware/Modding

        • COVID Green Pass Validator With Raspberry Pi | Hackaday

          It seems like every nation is dealing with the plague a little differently. In June, the EU instated a COVID Green Pass which comes in the form of a paper or digital QR code. It was designed to grease the wheels of travel throughout Europe and allow access to nursing homes. As of early August, the Green Pass is now required of those 12 and older in Italy to gain access to bars and restaurants, museums, theaters, etc. — anywhere people gather in sizeable groups. The Green Pass shows that you’ve either been vaccinated, have had COVID and recovered, or you have tested negative, and there are different half-lives for each condition: nine months for vaccinated, six for recovered, and just forty-eight hours for a negative test.

        • Raspberry Pi smart audio devkit features AISonic IA8201 DSP, microphone array – CNX Software

          Knowles AISonic IA8201 Raspberry Pi development kit is designed to bring voice, audio edge processing, and machine learning (ML) listening capabilities to various systems, and can be used to evaluate the company’s AISonic IA8201 DSP that was introduced about two years ago.

          The kit is comprised of three boards with an adapter board with three buttons connecting to the Raspberry Pi, as well as the AISonic IA8210 DSP board itself connected via a flat cable to a microphone array.

        • Thanks, Sir Clive Sinclair, from Reg readers whose careers you created and lives you shaped

          …even Linus Torvalds share what the electronics pioneer meant to them

          [...]

          Linus Torvalds was a Sinclair user: Among those influenced by Sir Clive was Linus Torvalds, creator of the Linux kernel, who worked on a Sinclair QL before he turned to his most famous work. From 00:30 in the video below, he reminisces about his time using the QL.

        • The Simplest FT8 Transceiver You’ll Ever Build | Hackaday

          Probably the most interesting facets of amateur radio in 2021 lie in the realm of digital modes. Using the limitless possibilities of software defined radios has freed digital radio communication from the limits of what could be done with analogue electronics alone, and as a result this is a rare field in which radio amateurs can still be ahead of the technological curve. On of these newer digital modes is FT8 created by the prolific [Joe Taylor K1JT].

      • Mobile Systems/Mobile Applications

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Web Browsers

        • Brave reduces the page load performance cost of its adblocker

          An adblocker doesn’t necessarily make your web browser load pages faster. The Brave browser introduced a shiny new and more performant adblocking system in late 2019. However, leftovers from its old system have remained in the browser and have quietly held back its performance potential.

          I could spend time describing the change with numbers (I do at the end), but let’s look at the bigger picture first. The two flame graphs below show a 475 ms window during a page load with the current stable release build of Brave (top), compared to the new and improved nightly releases (bottom). The colored bars indicate work the browser has to complete to finish the page load. Ignore the minutia of the graphs, just look at the big differences.

        • Firefox 92 vs. Chrome 94 Browser Benchmarks On Ubuntu Linux

          Given last week’s release of Chrome 94, here are some fresh browser benchmarks looking at Firefox 92 stable against Chrome 94 running on Ubuntu Linux.

          Just as some quick weekend benchmarks and not running any cross-browser Linux benchmarks since earlier this summer, here are some fresh numbers.

          The system this time around is the Intel Core i9 11900K “Rocket Lake” with Radeon VII graphics and using a development snapshot of Ubuntu 21.10 from the default GNOME Shell Wayland session.

      • FSF

        • GNU Projects

          • GNU Coreutils 9.0 Are Here in the Year and a Half After the Previous v8.32

            Core utilities are the basic, fundamental tools of a GNU/Linux system. Coreutils 9.0 brings with it some important improvements.

            [...]

            It’s easy to understand how important they are for each Linux system, giving the following example.

            When Linus Torvalds first wrote and compiled the Linux kernel, he needed a set of very basic system utilities to even begin to perform marginally useful work. The kernel does not provide commands themselves or any type of command shell such as bash. It is useless by itself. So Linus used the freely available GNU Core Utilities and recompiled them for Linux. This gave him a complete operating system that we know today as Linux.

            For those of you who don’t know, previously these utilities were offered as three individual sets of GNU utilities named Fileutils, Shellutils, and Textutils. In September 2002, those three have been combined into a single set of utilities called Coreutils.

            Here you can find the list of commands from the GNU Coreutils 9.0 for Linux/Unix environments.

          • GNU Wget2 2.0.0 released

            Hi,

            we are happy to announce the release 2.0.0 of GNU Wget2.

            Wget2 is the successor of GNU Wget, a file and recursive website
            downloader.

            Designed and written from scratch it wraps around libwget, that provides
            the basic functions needed by a web client.

            Wget2 works multi-threaded and uses “modern” features to allow fast operation.

            In many cases Wget2 downloads much faster than Wget due to HTTP2,
            HTTP compression, parallel connections, use of If-Modified-Since HTTP header and more.

            Wget2 has several new command-line options, see the wiki page for a list and comparison with Wget.

            Wget will be maintained further. The idea is that breaking changes and new functionalities go into Wget2 / libwget.

            Except for WARC and FTP, Wget2 is a drop-in replacement for Wget in most cases. Of course there may be subtle differences, so make sure to test well before replacing Wget by Wget2.

            GNU Wget2 is licensed under GPLv3+. Libwget is licensed under LGPLv3+.

          • GNU Wget2 2.0 Released With HTTP2 & SSL Improvements – Phoronix

            GNU Wget2 2.0 has been released for this successor to GNU Wget. There are many improvements to this GPLv3+ licensed program. Over the original GNU Wget, Wget2 is faster, supports more protocols especially around HTTP/2 and compression, supports multi-threading / parallel connections, and other improvements.

      • Programming/Development

        • QuickLicenseRT Linux 3.0 – Protect and License Desktop Software

          QuickLicenseRT Linux 3.0 implements the QuickLicense 9.1 runtime system to protect and license a Linux desktop applications. Apply licensing to a 32 or 64-bit executable with a few programming commands. Use LinuxWrap to license a compiled executable without programming.

        • Turing Award winner Barbara Liskov on CLU and why programming is still cool • The Register

          It has been 12 years since Barbara Liskov won a Turing Award for her contributions to practical and theoretical foundations of programming language and system design, and these days the creator of the CLU programming language continues to work on some interesting problems.

          We spoke about innovation, abstraction and encapsulation in the 1970s and today in a recent chat.

          Liskov, now in her 80s, leads the Programming Methodology Group at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Recently, she has been working on parallel computing and, with a student, developed Byzantine Fault Tolerance* [PDF] in the 1990s, “which turns out to be very significant for the blockchain world,” she says.

        • GitLab all set to go public as revenues – and losses – rise

          DevOps darling GitLab has finally filed for an Initial Public Offering (IPO) as revenues continue to grow and losses widen.

          The IPO had been expected in 2020 but the company put things off due to the pandemic until late last week, when the paperwork was filed with the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

          The company, founded in 2014, has remained tight-lipped over the sums involved, although the filed S-1 form recorded that the proposed maximum aggregate offering price is estimated at $100m.

          [...]

          In the IPO document, Gitlabs said it was on course to grow revenues to $233m in its current financial year ending in 2022. This compares to the $152.2m reported in fiscal 2021 and the $81.2m in the year before that.

          However, losses also widened over those years. The net loss in fiscal 2020 was $130.7m – but it was $192.2m in fiscal 2021. Net loss reached $69m for the six months ended 31 July 2021, up from $43.5m for the same time last year.

        • The 10 Core Differences Between C and C++

          C and C++ are two different well-recognized programming languages with the function of assembly language. Though both C and C ++ sound similar with an extra “++” on the latter, their features and usage are distinctive.

          C is a procedural programming language with a static system, whereas C++ is an enhanced version of the C programming language with object-oriented programming support.

    • Standards/Consortia

      • September 30, 2021, is the day the Internet is disabled for millions of smartphones and computers

        Millions of smartphones, game consoles and computers will lose their Internet access by September 30, 2021, as the security certificate on all connected products expires. This applies to all devices marketed and not updated before 2017.

        Smartphones, Computers, Tablets, But game consoles and televisions … the Internet has been everywhere for years. But still, on September 30, 2021, millions of devices may lose connectivity! A giant “blackout” affecting a large number of devices designed before 2017. Why? Because this September 30, 2021, a Certificate Digital security is about to expire, and the lack of an update will prevent another certificate from becoming too widespread to connect to the Internet today, for example watching videos or viewing emails.

  • Leftovers

    • Tech is expensive! Ways you’re wasting money and smart fixes to save [Ed: The premise is wrong, but these suggestions are bad (they trade off/away autonomy)]
    • Integrity/Availability

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • Texas law banning platforms from social media moderation challenged in lawsuit

        Two IT trade groups on Wednesday challenged the constitutionality of Texas’ new social media law, arguing that it compels companies to host speech they disagree with in violation of their First Amendment rights.

        The Texas law, HB 20, was signed by Governor Greg Abbott on September 9, 2021 and takes effect on December 9, 2021. It prohibits large social media platforms from removing content posted by users based on any viewpoint, or the user’s location in Texas, unless the content is unlawful.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • Proposed iPhone protections could put LGBTQ youth at risk – Center for Public Integrity

        Virtual communities have long provided a space for LGBTQ youth to explore their identities, allowing queer children to safely come out of the closet without fear of abuse from unsupportive parents.

        But as technology companies ratchet up surveillance in the name of content moderation, the digital privacy of LGBTQ youth and other vulnerable people may be at risk.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • Forget that Loon’s balloon burst, we just fired 700TB of laser broadband between two cities, says Alphabet

        Engineers at Alphabet’s technology moonshot lab X say they used lasers to beam 700TB of internet traffic between two cities separated by the Congo River.

        The capitals of the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of Congo, Brazzaville and Kinshasa, respectively, are only 4.8 km (about three miles) apart. The denizens of Kinshasa have to pay five times more than their neighbors in Brazzaville for broadband connectivity, though. That’s apparently because the fiber backbone to Kinshasa has to route more than 400 km (250 miles) around the river – no one wanted to put the cable through it.

      • G7 countries outgun UK in worldwide broadband speed test

        Canada (24th), France (19th), Germany (36th), Japan (13th) and the US (14th) all out-performed the UK (43rd), according to the numbers.

        [...]

        Despite the stinging criticism, media watchdog Ofcom has warned people against jumping to conclusions.

        A spokesperson for the UK regulator told us that comparisons like this “should be treated with caution.”

        “The speeds people actually get and the speeds people could get are not the same thing. Superfast broadband is available to the vast majority of UK homes, but millions of people are yet to take this up. Many customers might be surprised to learn they can upgrade to faster speeds, for no extra cost,” they said.

        Indeed, when it comes to speed, all the G7 nations are whipped by smaller nations. According to Cable.co.uk, Jersey tops the list with means download speeds of 274.27Mbps, followed by Liechtenstein (211.26Mbps), Iceland (191.83Mbps), Andorra (164.66Mbps) and Gibraltar (151.34Mbps).

    • Monopolies

      • Google ducks questions over reimbursing FCA for scam ads • The Register

        Google has again refused to say whether it will reimburse Britain’s Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) for all the money it has spent warning consumers about dodgy financial ads carried on the tech giant’s platform.

        The director of Trust and Safety at Google, Amanda Storey, was among a number of tech bigwigs quizzed about economic crime by MPs at the Treasury Select Committee meeting on Wednesday (video link here).

        Speaking yesterday, Storey said: “Scams and fraud are organised crime, much like identity theft or hacking, and we’re really working in three main ways to try and tackle that problem. Most recently we launched the Financial Services Certification. So, any advertiser wanting to target a UK user with a financial services ad has to be FCA authorised and has to pass identity checks first before they can run those ads.”

      • New Zealand gold kiwifruit “returns” to China: when plant breeders’ rights meet geopolitical realities meet territorial considerations [Ed: Monopolising fruit and plants is a slippery slope, but when the rich write or buy laws, what's going to stop them?]

        In a previous post, this blogger described how a plant variety right for a gold kiwifruit variety in New Zealand had been infringed by a rogue grower. In that decision, the grower was licensed to grow the variety in New Zealand, but it had exported budwood of the gold kiwifruit variety into China and thereby helped to establish substantial orchards there. The judge’s reasoning in the High Court decision was that the act of exporting the material into China had diminished Zespri’s enjoyment of its plant variety right.

        The concept of “diminished enjoyment” of a right was derived from a 2005 decision, Winchester v Cropmark. In that case, the defendant had “arranged” for a barley crop to be grown from unlicensed seed. The defendant then purchased and exported the crop to a brewery in China. The defendant argued that it had not itself sold unlicensed seed and therefore it did not infringe.

        [...]

        A new Plant Variety Rights Bill is due to be passed by 30 December 2021, but is not expected to come into force until mid-2022. That Bill, when it comes into force, will establish UPOV 91 rights, including the right to export material of a protected variety. While that would now make the grower’s exporting of budwood an infringement in New Zealand, it will not solve the problem of the Chinese orchards still producing gold kiwifruit without compensation to the New Zealand plant breeders.

      • Patents

        • Amnio Technology Awarded U.S. Patent for Amniotic Allografts [Ed: No, EPO is not "European Union" so they don't even know what sort of patents they apply for]
        • Amnio Technology Awarded U.S. Patent for Amniotic Allografts

          Amnio Technology, LLC, a global leader in the development and distribution of amniotic tissue allografts, is announcing today that the United States Patent and Trademark Office has issued a new patent titled, “Enriched Multilayer Amnion Derived Tissue Graft.” The new patent strengthens Amnio Technology’s intellectual property position by further protecting its advanced allograft manufacturing processes in the United States.

        • [GuestPost] Opinion: Skirting FRAND requirements under the guise of promoting innovation and efficiency (Part I) [Ed: The patent litigation profiteers from WilmerHale aren’t journalists and they push a radical agenda here; In #IP Kat’s terms, “Opinion” means marketing or lobbying rather than Opinion…]

          In courtrooms across the globe, arguments continue to rage as to the extent of an SEP owner’s FRAND undertaking. In exchange for getting their technology incorporated into a standard (meaning that, if essential to the standard, that technology has to be used by users of the standard), SEP owners have to give an undertaking – known as a FRAND undertaking. This undertaking obliges SEP owners to be prepared to licence their patents on Fair, Reasonable and Non-Discriminatory (FRAND) terms. Otherwise, unlike normal patents where competitors do not have to use the technology, SEP owners are in a position which could allow them to extract extremely high and possibly anti-competitive royalties from their competitors or stop them from participating in the standard and market completely (which were vices the European Commission wished to be addressed with the ETSI IPR Policy). Thus, the FRAND undertaking is a safeguard that seeks to balance users’ interests with SEP owners’ interests in protecting their IP. But the courtroom debates in the US, Germany, UK and China have raised numerous unanswered questions about what this means. How wide or narrow is this FRAND undertaking? To whom is the FRAND undertaking owed? What does FRAND even mean? The second question was subject to the CJEU referral in the Nokia v Daimler (see previous posts here), but which has so far remained unanswered in Europe. In the first of a two-parter opinion piece, two US patent and anti-trust litigators in the form of Mark Selwyn, Tim Syrett and Alix Pisani of WilmerHale (who have acted in some of these cases) discuss their view of what is going on and where the answer might, and should lie.

          [...]

          Part 2 will explain how SEP holders’ second argument against licensing component suppliers—that licensing at the end user level is necessary to promote efficiency—also fails to withstand examination. Instead, SEP holders’ true motives are financial gains through royalties that expand beyond their invention (the smallest salable unit).”

        • XORTX Announces Grant of European Patent

          XORTX Therapeutics Inc. (“XORTX” or the “Company”) (CSE: XRX) (OTCQB: XRTXF), a biotechnology company focused on developing therapeutics for the treatment of progressive kidney disease, is pleased to advise that further to its press release of April 6, 2021 that announced the intention of grant, the Company has now received receipt of the patent grant “EPO National Stage of PCT International Application for Compositions and Methods for Treatment and Prevention of Hyperuricemia Related Health Consequences” by the European Patent Office. The patent covers compositions and methods for the prevention and treatment of diabetic nephropathy (DN) using uric acid lowering agent and specifically xanthine oxidase inhibitors. Aberrant purine metabolism and specifically, chronically increased serum uric acid concentrations have been associated with kidney disease progression.

        • Axonics® Provides Additional Update on Inter Partes Review Proceedings

          -Axonics, Inc. (Nasdaq: AXNX), a global medical technology company that is developing and commercializing novel products for the treatment of bladder and bowel dysfunction, today announced that the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office has issued final written decisions on three additional Medtronic patents that Axonics is contesting.

        • IPO Annual Meeting: How counsel transform operations with data
        • IPO Annual Meeting: Counsel dive into anti-anti-suit injunctions [Ed: The patent trolls in the capital of patent trolls, along with notorious boosters of software patents, agreeing with one another on their patent extremism. Patrick Wingrove gives them a platform because the publisher is sponsored by them.]

          Standard essential patent litigation raises some tough jurisdictional challenges for plaintiffs and litigants, a panel told delegates at the IPO Annual Meeting in Austin yesterday, September 21.

          Speakers from InterDigital, Qualcomm, Bardehle Pagenberg, WilmerHale and Shanghai Lung Tin Law Firm said that one of the biggest they faced recently was the threat of anti-anti-suit injunctions (AASIs), and even anti-anti-anti-suit injunctions (AAASIs), in India, China, Germany and the US.

        • Targovax granted European Patent for ONCOS-102 in combination with chemotherapy [Ed: More patents on cancer treatments]

          Targovax ASA (OSE: TRVX), a clinical stage immuno-oncology company developing immune activators to target hard-to-treat solid tumors, today announce that the European Patent Office has granted EU Patent no EP3402889. The patent covers the use of ONCOS-102 in combination with chemotherapy in malignant pleural mesothelioma.

        • Patentee doublethink in regulatory submissions and patent prosecution is inequitable conduct: Belcher v. Hospira (US)

          The US Courts of Appeal of the Federal Circuit (CAFC) found in Belcher Pharmaceuticals v Hospira, Inc that a formulation patent was unenforceable in view of inequitable conduct, in the form of contradictory submissions to the patent office and the regulatory agency (FDA) by the patentee. The case serves to highlight the fine line that innovators sometimes must tread between a) demonstrating the unexpected advantages of drug dose or formulation, and b) convincing regulatory agencies of the obvious safety and efficacy of selected formulation or dose regime for a product, whilst simultaneously avoiding any cognitive dissonance or doublethink.

        • Cosmonautics: The EPO Reports Lift Off In Patent Filings [Ed: The same old propaganda that space travel is only made possible by patents and in the process some reputation laundering for the corrupt EPO]

          Over the past couple of years, news about space has been dominated by the advances in space travel made by private companies. Space-X, Virgin Galactic and Blue Origin, to name a few, have gone from making small steps to taking giant leaps in only a few years.

          In my previous Insight article, I looked at how a ready access to space provides new opportunities for extra-terrestrial research, and discussed some of the IP questions facing these pioneers as space-based-research starts to take off. For the moment, however, the current technological advances and trends in space exploration are already providing a tangible IP metric: patent applications.

          The European Patent Office, in collaboration with the European Space Agency (ESA) Technology Transfer and Patent Office and the European Space Policy Institute, has recently produced a Patent Insight Report which uses patent filing statistics to analyse the characteristics of innovation in space and, in particular, cosmonautics.

        • Patent Suggests Faraday Future Is About to Enter the Commercial Van Space [Ed: "European patent filing" from "the European Union Intellectual Property Office"? Can the media not tell the difference between EUIPO and EPO (non-EU and not trademarks)?]

          This European patent filing shows a boxy, utilitarian electric commercial delivery van concept.

          Is Faraday Future about to enter the commercial van business? Maybe. A recent patent submitted by the company to the European Union Intellectual Property Office includes illustrations of what appears to be an electric commercial delivery van concept.

        • Innovation and growth report 2020-21 [Ed: British government or UK-IPO deliberately conflating patents (monopolies) with "innovation"; this is how propaganda gets cooked, along with misnomers such as "IP"]

          Innovation is the way we will tackle our biggest challenges now and in the future. It holds the key to achieving carbon net zero, levelling up growth and achieving our ambitions as a global trading nation.

          The UK has an extraordinary heritage of innovation stretching back to the industrial revolution, and an effective intellectual property (IP) regime has been at the heart of its development. We only have to look at the staggeringly rapid development and production of Covid-19 treatments – from laboratory concept to protecting the vulnerable in around 12 months. This is the direct result of an innovative economy that is able to create, invent, finance, organise, administrate and deliver.

        • In re: Juniper Networks [Ed: Abusive Judge Albright, who turned a courtroom into a for-profit corporation by denying the law, is still facilitating parasitic entities for personal gain while the higher courts blast him for it]

          By my count, it’s been over a month and a half since the Federal Circuit issued a decision granting a petition for writ of mandamus arising from the Western District of Texas. (That decision was In re: Hulu on August 2, 2021.) That streak has come to an end, as today the court issued In re: Juniper Networks.

          Like other petitions for a writ of mandamus arising from the Western District of Texas, Juniper Networks, Inc.’s petition concerned the denial of a request for transfer under 28 U.S.C. § 1404(a). The case itself involves an assertion of patent infringement by WSOU Investments LLC (referred to as “Brazos”) against Juniper that was filed in the Western District of Texas. Juniper, a Delaware corporation headquartered in Sunnyvale, California (for those who aren’t familiar with the area, that’s Silicon Valley), moved to transfer to the Northern District of California. Judge Albright denied the motion, reasoning that under the four private interest and four public interest factors governing which district is more convenient, Juniper had not established that the Northern District of California was a clearly more convenient forum for this litigation.

          [...]

          As an ending note, the Federal Circuit also denied a petition for a writ of mandamus arising from the Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims in In re: Fermin on the basis that “mandamus relief is not appropriate when a petition fails to seek relief through the normal appeal process.” Here, the petitioner’s prior appeal to the Federal Circuit had been dismissed for lack of subject matter, the petitioner had filed a motion to reconsider at the Veterans’ Court (which the court denied), and had not appealed the Veterans’ Court’s denial of that motion. “Because [the petitioner] here failed to seek review of the Veterans Court’s order by way of a timely filed direct appeal, we must deny his request for this extraordinary relief.” Slip Op. at 2.

        • AIPPI Event Report: Lord Justice Birss looks to the future of civil justice [Ed: Annsley Merelle Ward still amplifier of liars from Bristows (which she came from) and patent maximalists’ agenda]

          The AmeriKat was elsewhere in the remote universe, but was lucky to have guest Kat, Anna Duch (Bristows) on hand to report on the event for her and all the other readers who may have missed the session.

        • How to accelerate your patent application at Mexico’s IP office [Ed: Does this look like an article or just marketing? Of course it's just PR spam, but then again this whole network is spam in "news" clothing...]

          Mexico has signed up to a number of international patent agreements and incorporated their provisions into domestic law to ensure that applications are granted without unnecessary delays and costs. Two such regulations are those governing the Patent Prosecution Highway (PPH) and the Patent Parallel Grant (PPG).

        • The Importance Of Recognising Multiple Priorities In A Single Claim [Ed: This cites the Enlarged Board of Appeal of the European Patent Office, even at the time when it’s already deeply compromised]

          Michael has now carried out and reported on a study with his FICPI CET colleague, Harrie Marsman from VO Patents & Trademarks in The Netherlands, to ascertain whether there are other countries that do not fully recognise multiple and partial priorities within a single claim and, if so, whether that can give rise to poisonous priority or poisonous divisionals. The study was prompted by the circumstances leading to the 2016 decision of the Enlarged Board of Appeal of the European Patent Office in case G1/15. Prior to that decision, claims in European patents or patent applications that relied on multiple or partial priorities were vulnerable to anticipation by their European priority applications or by their divisional or parent European applications.

        • Has the Court of Appeal just trapped inventors in 1421?

          Future magic circle trainee Will Holmes considers the ‘historically absurd’ definition of inventor following this week’s DABUS patent ruling

          In 1421, one of the earliest recognisable patents was granted to Filippo Brunelleschi, “a man of most perspicacious intellect, industry and invention” so that he could protect “the fruit of genius and skill”. On Tuesday, however, the UK Court of Appeal ruled that “man” could not be replaced by “machine”.

          The court was considering whether the AI creativity machine DABUS, built by the physicist Dr Stephen Thaler, can be recognised as the inventor of a patent. Thaler believes that DABUS has independently produced novel inventions (the ‘Neural Flame’ and the ‘Fractal Container’) and therefore should be legally recognised as the inventor, whilst he remains the owner of the patent.

          The UK Patents Act 1977 states that an inventor is the “actual deviser of the invention”. Although it appears that DABUS could fit this broad definition, section 13(2) couples the status of ‘inventor’ with ownership. The inventor is the owner of the patent unless it is assigned to another entity. But because DABUS is not a legal person, it cannot own or assign ownership of the patents to anyone. The court’s split decision reaffirmed the IPO and High Court’s previous conclusions: “only persons can be inventors”.

        • European Inventor Award highlights importance of cross-sector technologies [Ed: Sarah Lau of a litigation firm is shilling a PR stunt that corrupt EPO management uses to pass bribes to the media and distract from the crimes]

          Sarah Lau of Kilburn & Strode’s Life Sciences and Chemistry Group looks at the role of interdisciplinary research in some celebrated inventions, and the questions this raises for IP protection.

          Nominations for the European Inventor Award 2022 are open until 1 October 2021. The awards were established in 2006 and are presented annually; after a postponement due to the pandemic in 2020, the 2021 edition took place as a virtual ceremony.

          Winners of the 2022 edition will be announced in mid-2022 and will be selected in five established categories: Industry; Research; Non-EPO countries; SMEs; and Lifetime achievement. There will also be a new category: the Young Inventors prize will be presented to an innovator aged 30 or under to recognise initiatives that use technology to solve a problem within the UN Sustainable Development goals framework. The winner will receive a cash prize. (If you’re interested in nominating an inventor in any of the categories, you can find out how to do so on the European Patent Office’s website.)

        • UK: AI cannot invent a patent [Ed: Poor automated translation]

          In Great Britain, too, an appeals court has now ruled that artificial intelligence cannot be accepted as the inventor of a new patent. This is another setback for the campaign of the US entrepreneur and programmer Stephen Thaler, who is trying in various countries to have a neural network recognized as an inventor. The aim is for an AI to be officially recognized as an inventor. The developers of the AI ​​should only be granted the property rights to the patent claims. So far they have been more unsuccessful than successful, but the fact that the resistance is not quite as unanimous can be seen, for example, from the fact that the most recent decision was only made with two votes to one.

          [...]

          In the now from the Court of Appeal for England and Wales it says passed judgmentthat a patent can only be awarded to one person. Because after a systematic interpretation of the underlying law one can only come to the conclusion that only one person can be an “inventor”. Colin Birss contradicts this, at least in part, in his minority vote. He agrees that a machine is not a “person” in the sense of the relevant law, but according to the law, the space for it in the patent application could simply remain empty, then there would be no inventor. In addition, none of the questions would have arisen if Thaler hadn’t been so “obsessed”, he criticizes.

        • Software Patents

          • Judge Finds AI Co. In Contempt In IP Row, But Won’t End Case [Ed: This is a dangerous attack on the First Amendment, threatening a Free software project for speaking about patent trolls going after it]

            A Missouri federal judge on Wednesday rejected a bid by Voice Tech Corp. to enter a default judgment against artificial intelligence company Mycroft AI in a dispute over voice command patents, but did find Mycroft in contempt for reposting online content the court had previously ordered it to remove.

            In a three-page order, U.S. District Judge Roseann A. Ketchmark said Mycroft’s conduct didn’t rise to the level of contempt to warrant the extreme sanction of ending the case altogether. But she did determine that Mycroft violated an April 2020 order to “assertively take down” portions of a threatening blog post its…
            Stay ahead of the curve
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          • Patenting computer-implemented simulations [Ed: Martin Kohrs at Novagraaf is promoting illegal software patents, citing a decision from crooked panel that’s rigged by gangsters who hijacked the EPO; they pay to promote this sham.]

            The decision G1/19 by the Enlarged Board of Appeal (EBA) concerning the patentability of simulations essentially restated that long-established principles should be applied, i.e. those of T 641/00 (COMVIK). According to COMVIK, a claimed feature is only considered to be an inventive step if and to the extent that it contributes to the technical character of the claimed subject matter.

      • Trademarks

        • Impact of brexit on the trademarks applied/registered in the European Union

          This exit as is commonly and popularly referred to as “Brexit” from the EU community has also had important spillover effects and ramifications for IP owners and more so specifically for trademark and design registration holders in the EU community. Under the Withdrawal Agreement between the UK and the EU, Trademark holders in the EU (which erstwhile included UK as well) can apply to register the same right as a stand-alone right in the UK right within nine months after the end of the transition period, this being up to and including 30 September 2021.

          In this write-up, we briefly analyse the important steps that brand owners may need to pro-actively undertake to ensure continued protection of their trademarks in the UK on a stand-alone basis irrespective of their impending trademark applications filed before the EU Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) of which office the UK was earlier part of. The following table provides the insights regarding the Brexit’s impact on existing trademark applications/registrations in EU from a trademark holder’s perspective…

          [...]

          As regards the status of patents, the European Patent Office (EPO) is not an EU agency and thus the UK leaving the EU would not affect the European patent system. Existing European patents covering the UK also remain unaffected and the protection is granted by the EPO, is valid in the UK even after Brexit.

      • Copyrights

        • AG Hogan advises CJEU to rule that private copying exception also applies in the cloud but that an additional private copying levy might be unavailable [Ed: Maybe stop calling everything "clown"? When you use meaningless terminology you get ludicrous laws. Same for "Hey Hi"...]

          Does the private copying exception and, with it, the fair compensation requirement under Article 5(2)(b) of the InfoSoc Directive apply to reproductions carried out by using cloud-based recording services? If so, can rightholders request the providers of such a service to impose a levy even if their customers (natural persons) have already paid one when purchasing the devices (eg, computers, smartphones, tablets) subsequently used to undertake acts of reproduction covered by that provision?

          These, in essence, are the issues that the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has been called upon to decide in Austro-Mechana, C-433/20, a pending referral from Austria.

How Basic Laws and Fundamental Rights Got Crushed in the European Patent Office

Posted in Europe, Patents at 9:32 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Obey patent law while we break the law
The paradox or the irony was not overlooked

Summary: Our next series will show the sheer hypocrisy of the EPO, hiding behind the veil of (patent) law while so shamelessly violating just about every law in the books without facing any form of accountability

THE EPO under the wing of the two Frenchmen [1, 2] (3 out of 4 of the latest presidential terms were occupied by Frenchmen! Talk about diversity and tell us all about inclusion!) brought about a Vichyite regime — perhaps not surprising given the family background of this regime's architect. There’s no real concept of elections anymore (the dictator gets to choose his successor, usually an old friend), the staff is treated like dirt without any basic rights, and the patent system is turned/reduced to rubble, along with the system of justice. They still try hard to replace courts they do not or cannot control (something like UPC would allow European software patents without them ever being legalised in the first place).

“In order to fill this gap or this ‘vacuum’ we’re going to present a series here shortly.”As noted in passing (only in Daily Links), there’s still a barrage of very obviously fake ‘news’ about UPC and there are occasional puff pieces about the EPO. Nothing is being said about the ILO-AT situation even though it impacts Europe's second-largest institution and so many people.

In order to fill this gap or this ‘vacuum’ we’re going to present a series here very shortly. At the same time we will be in touch with European officials who are attentive to these issues.

ILO screenshot

Regrettable Acts of Self-Harm: OpenMandriva and Mozilla Being Outsourced to Microsoft Proprietary Software and Monopoly

Posted in Free/Libre Software, GNU/Linux, Microsoft at 8:16 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link | md5sum afbb4bfd50a72a8df166274fd7774de9

Summary: In another blow to software freedom, OpenMandriva and Mozilla decide to abandon their own systems and use proprietary software from Microsoft instead

MICROSOFT is paying projects to move to GitHub. This is monopoly abuse and today's biggest threat to software freedom. The GitHub acquisition was never supposed to be allowed, but when was the last time a major takeover was blocked by the US government? Incidentally, the other day Wired published “Microsoft is heading for a new antitrust showdown” (it’s well overdue but Microsoft used diversion tactics).

Anyway, it’s not a secret that Microsoft wants to control the competition through GitHub and it pays money to accomplish this (or gives ‘freebies’ like CPU cycles in “Actions”). We have long covered examples and names of projects/companies like these. The payments aren’t always direct, but the correlation is shallow enough to see.

Now, with Microsoft inside Mozilla's board, we should not be too shocked to see reports about Mozilla testing censorship engine Bing as the default ‘search’ engine in Firefox. Mozilla considers letting Microsoft spy on Firefox users whilst also diverting those users to Microsoft products.

“This is how projects die and Mozilla needs to urgently replace its management.”Yes, Microsoft — the very same company that fought Firefox for many years and corrupted officials to undermine Mandriva contracts until Mandriva dissolved. Stockholm Syndrome all over this…

The reason we bring up Mandriva is this morning’s appalling news. It seems like OpenMandriva has entered the lion’s den and put its head inside the jaws of the lion. Who on Earth came up with this decision and was there any prior consultation with the community? They move away from Bugzilla to Microsoft’s proprietary software — a similar trend to what we see in Mozilla itself. It’s outsourcing itself, piece-wise, to Microsoft, while Microsoft pays slush funds for it. And where does the money go? Millions of dollars for a failing CEO and based on these press reports a bunch of PR firms that convince Mozilla to act like a political party instead of tech company/community. This is how projects die and Mozilla needs to urgently replace its management. Otherwise it cannot survive and users will flee faster than ever before (no, they don’t want to use Bing).

Links 26/9/2021: Mozilla Spends on PR, OpenMandriva Outsourcing to Microsoft

Posted in News Roundup at 5:55 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • This Week in Linux 169: GNOME 41, Ubuntu 21.10, Easy Anti-Cheat for Linux, Android – TuxDigital

        On this episode of This Week in Linux, GNOME 41, Epic Games Announce Easy Anti-Cheat Support For Linux, BattlEye Confirms Linux Support for Steam Deck, Ubuntu 21.10 “Impish Indri” Beta, Canonical Extends Support For Ubuntu 14.04 & 16.04, Ubuntu Touch OTA-19, Fedora Linux Recognized As Digital Public Good, Google’s Android Finally Shifting To “Upstream First”, Valve Publishes New Steam Deck FAQ. All that and much more on Your Weekly Source for Linux GNews!

      • GNU World Order 427

        **Mercurial** version control, and assembly with **nasm**.

    • Benchmarks

      • The Speed of Time

        How long does it take to read the time? How would you time time? These strange questions came to the fore back in 2014 when Netflix was switching services from CentOS Linux to Ubuntu, and I helped debug several weird performance issues including one I’ll describe here. While you’re unlikely to run into this specific issue anymore, what is interesting is this type of issue and the simple method of debugging it: a pragmatic mix of observability and experimentation tools. I’ve shared many posts about superpower observability tools, but often humble hacking is just as effective.

        A Cassandra database cluster had switched to Ubuntu and noticed write latency increased by over 30%. A quick check of basic performance statistics showed over 30% higher CPU consumption. What on Earth is Ubuntu doing that results in 30% higher CPU time!?

    • Applications

      • Making Linux Offline Voice Recognition Easier

        For just about any task you care to name, a Linux-based desktop computer can get the job done using applications that rival or exceed those found on other platforms. However, that doesn’t mean it’s always easy to get it working, and speech recognition is just one of those difficult setups.

        A project called Voice2JSON is trying to simplify the use of voice workflows. While it doesn’t provide the actual voice recognition, it does make it easier to get things going and then use speech in a natural way.

        The software can integrate with several backends to do offline speech recognition including CMU’s pocketsphinx, Dan Povey’s Kaldi, Mozilla’s DeepSpeech 0.9, and Kyoto University’s Julius. However, the code is more than just a thin wrapper around these tools. The fast training process produces both a speech recognizer and an intent recognizer. So not only do you know there is a garage door, but you gain an understanding of the opening and closing of the garage door.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How To Install Ansible on Debian 11 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Ansible on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, Ansible is the simplest way to automate apps and IT infrastructure. Ansible uses port 22 (SSH) to connect to a remote machine and make the necessary changes. It is a cross-platform tool designed to handle system configurations while working with Linux, macOS, and Windows operating systems.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the Ansible on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

      • Getting Kubernetes up and running is one thing. Managing it successfully is quite another [Ed: Sponsored push by SUSE, but with howtos]
      • How to Create SFTP Only User in Debian 11 – TecAdmin

        SFTP (SSH File Transfer Protocol) is a secure file protocol used to access, manage, and transfer files over an encrypted SSH transport session. Security first is a thumb rule for the system administrators. In some cases, we need to allow remote users to access the filesystem on our system, but you don’t want to allow them to get a shell. This will allow you a secure channel to provide limited access to specific files and directories.

        This tutorial will help you to setup SFTP only access (without shell access) on Debian 11 system. It will create a chroot environment on your system to limit the SFTP user to a specific directory only. Also, it will allow SFTP only access without SSH access to the user.

      • How to List Dependencies of a Package in Ubuntu

        Unlike Windows, macOS, and Android, software on Ubuntu—and Linux in general—is not distributed as a single package. Instead, when you install an application, your system’s package manager downloads multiple packages, including the main app package and its dependencies. However, this only stands true for traditional package installation on Linux i.e. using package managers.

        Knowing what additional dependencies are downloaded during an installation can be beneficial for beginner and advanced users alike. This way, one has complete control over the packages installed on their system.

        Let’s take a look at how you can check the dependencies of a package on Ubuntu.

      • How to Actually Install Ubuntu on USB

        his tutorial shows the steps for actually installing Ubuntu Linux on an external US drive with the bootloader installed on the USB. It is NOT live USB set up. This USB will work as portable operating system and can be used on any computer system.

        Let me recall a few things.

        A live USB is used for testing the distribution. It is also used for installing Linux on computer hard disk. Normally, any changes you made to your live distribution is lost and this limits the usage of the live USB.

        Several of It’s FOSS readers requested a tutorial on installing Linux on a USB. Not the regular live USB with persistence but the actual Ubuntu installed on a USB disk.

        This means having a portable Ubuntu Linux on a USB that you can plug it in to any computer, use it, save your work on the USB like it was an actual hard disk.

        The procedure does not seem very different from installing Ubuntu on actual hard disk. And this is where people make mistakes.

        The available tutorials on the internet miss the most crucial part: the bootloader.

    • Distributions

      • BSD

      • PCLinuxOS/Mageia/Mandriva/OpenMandriva Family

        • OpenMandriva switching to Github Issues [Ed: OpenMandriva cannot be taken seriously anymore and it is not "Open". It outsources to Microsoft's proprietary software monopoly]

          To make things easier and simpler for users to file issue reports we are switching to Github Issues.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • IBM Careers in India: New Job Openings, Salary, Eligibility, Locations, How to Apply
        • Big Iron Will Always Drive Big Spending [Ed: IBM-sponsored 'publishers' (like this one, Timothy Prickett Morgan) constantly push IBM stuff that's massively overpriced as if it is truly necessary]

          Here we are, more than three decades later, and IBM represents around half of the revenues outside of the x86 server market. That relatively big piece of the non-x86 server market is despite the rise of single-socket machines based on Arm servers at selected hyperscalers and cloud builders, which is eating into x86 server growth but which also making the non-x86 piece of the pie rise more than it has in about a decade. Sun and HP have left the RISC/Unix server battlefield long since — about a half decade ago if you want to be generous — and AMD has no interest whatsoever in building four-socket, eight-socket, or larger machines based on its Epyc architecture. Quite the opposite. AMD is the poster child for the single-socket server, and has made that a centerpiece of its strategy since the “Naples” Epyc 7001 CPUs — the company’s re-entry into the server market — launched four years ago. Google has caught the religion with its Tau instances on its eponymous public cloud, but that is mainly to combat the single-socket Graviton2 instances at Amazon Web Services.

        • IBM i Open Source Gets Better With Fall 2021 TRs – IT Jungle

          IBM has also upgraded its support for GNU Compiler Collection (GCC), which is a free and open source compiler that was originally developed by Richard Stallman for the GNU operating system (which is the foundation for Linux). Over the years, GCC has grown to include a host of handy functions, including compilers for languages like Python and Perl, a version of Bash, and more.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Web Browsers

        • Mozilla

          • Mozilla selects BerlinRosen as US AOR [Ed: Mozilla fires engineers and pays PR firms instead]

            Mozilla Corporation has selected BerlinRosen as its U.S. agency of record.

            The agency was brought on following a competitive selection process. The contract, effective July 15, is for one year.

            BerlinRosen is responsible for Mozilla’s comprehensive PR and communications strategy planning and development. The firm will work on earned media, advise on digital and creative projects and support the strengthening of the nonprofit’s brand.

  • Leftovers

    • Science

      • My Math Confession

        This was it. This is what I feared would render me destitute. It doesn’t matter what any of this code means. What matters is that the math was a single insight. It was the realization that if a single column of a matrix was subtracted before recalculating sums, we could ask the computer to crunch a lot fewer hard numbers. It meant maybe some day a researcher in a lab could mash a button and have a chemical candidate for a novel chemotherapy enter their brain for the first time. It meant they could do that every couple seconds instead of every couple weeks. The math was the thought process, not the numbers, functions, rules or other tools of the trade taught in your average Hard Numbers for Computers course.

    • Education

      • Opinion | No, The Teachers Are Not Okay

        At the staff meeting the other day, one of my fellow teachers turned to me and said he was having trouble seeing.

      • Are universities finally waking up to academic integrity?

        Equally, the university is also emphatic that it does not assess the originality of papers solely based on the percentage of likeness found using automated systems. Instead, evaluators – recognised experts in their fields – are asked to use their knowledge of the literature to identify paraphrases and translational plagiarism and as well as plagiarism based on electronically inaccessible documents missed by the automated checks. Anti-plagiarism software focused mainly on work in the Slovak language has been mandatory in all Slovak higher education institutions since 2010, but this university is using two other systems to provide an additional check for works in foreign languages.

    • Health/Nutrition

    • Integrity/Availability

    • Defence/Aggression

    • Environment

      • Thunberg spearheads German climate protests to pressure candidates before polls

        Tens of thousands of environmental activists staged a rally outside Germany’s parliament Friday, two days before the country holds a national election, to demand that politicians take stronger action to curb climate change.

      • China’s Distant Waters Fleet Raises Overfishing Concerns

        The vigilante patrol was prompted by an international outcry last summer when hundreds of Chinese vessels were discovered fishing for squid near the long-isolated Galapagos Islands, a UNESCO world heritage site that inspired 19th-century naturalist Charles Darwin and is home to some of the world’s most endangered species, from giant tortoises to hammerhead sharks.

        China’s deployment to this remote expanse is no accident. Decades of overfishing have pushed its overseas fleet, the world’s largest, ever farther from home. Officially capped at 3,000 vessels, the fleet might actually consist of thousands more. Keeping such a sizable flotilla at sea, sometimes for years at a time, is at once a technical feat made possible through billions in state subsidies and a source of national pride akin to what the U.S. space program was for generations of Americans.

      • Barbados PM Slams Rich Nations for Failing on Climate, COVID and Inequality
      • Unions and Climate Activists Find Common Cause in Opposing Airport Expansion
      • ‘How Many More Deaths Must It Take?’ Barbados Leader Rips Rich Nations in Fierce UN Speech

        Barbadian Prime Minister Mia Amor Mottley delivered a scathing indictment of the rich and powerful during her address at the 76th session of the U.N. General Assembly on Friday, condemning the leaders of wealthy countries for refusing to take basic steps to end the coronavirus pandemic, tackle the climate emergency, and usher in a more just society.

        “How much more global temperature rise must there be before we end the burning of fossil fuels?”

      • Energy

        • Ministry toughening rules for issuance of virtual currency authorizations

          A bill toughening rules for providers of virtual currency services has exited the Estonian Ministry of Finance that would, in order to mitigate the risks of financial crime, allow granting an Estonian virtual currency service authorization only to applicants who intend to operate in Estonia.

          The bill also seeks to set out in greater detail the grounds for refusal of authorization and to put an end to anonymous transactions in virtual currencies, spokespeople for the finance ministry said.

        • Tracking stolen [cryptocurrency] is a booming business: How blockchain sleuths recover digital loot

          The seizure pokes a hole in the long-held belief that cryptocurrency is impossible to trace. Cryptocurrency is computer code that allows people to send and receive funds, recording the transactions on a public ledger known as a blockchain, rather than retaining account holder info. Because of the lack of user data, cryptocurrencies like bitcoin have been hailed as a safe haven for criminal activity. Fueled by anonymity, the shadowy industry allows hackers, tax evaders and other bad actors to launder money secretively, outside of the traditional banking system.

        • China Bans Bitcoin, Again

          In addition to stating that transacting with cryptocurrencies is illegal, the PBOC statement describes the need to coordinate the activities of agencies including the bank, the Cyberspace Administration of China, and the Ministry of Public Security, as well as local governments, to ban and crack down on cryptocurrency-related activities.

        • Bitcoin miners align with fossil fuel firms, alarming environmentalists

          Today, through a holding company based in Kennerdell, Pennsylvania, called Stronghold Digital Mining that bought the plant, Scrubgrass burns enough coal waste to power about 1,800 cryptocurrency mining computers. These computers, known as miners, are packed into shipping containers next to the power plant, the company stated in documents filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ahead of its initial public offering. Coal waste is a byproduct from decades of mining in the region, left behind in enormous black piles. Stronghold estimated that it’s currently burning about 600,000 tons of it per year at Scrubgrass.

          According to the SEC filings, Stronghold plans to operate 57,000 miners by the end of 2022 — an expansion that requires buying up two additional coal waste power plants in the region.

        • [Cryptocurrency] Exchange Giants Stop Taking China Users as Ban Widens

          In June, Huobi banned existing Chinese users from trading riskier products such as derivatives, after China’s cabinet called for a renewed clampdown on [cryptocurrency] trading and mining. There is no indication that Chinese users are barred from Huobi and Binance altogether, which are widely regarded as two of the big three [cryptocurrency] exchanges that originated in China, along with OKEx.

        • China bans [cryptocurrencies], Marvel film ‘Shang-Chi’ and ‘effeminate men.’ This is what they share.

          Though bans on effeminate men and cryptocurrency might appear to have little in common, they are both emblematic of the way Xi and his party want to keep China free of foreign and individualistic influences, with these crackdowns furthering his goal of greater control over all aspects of Chinese economy, culture and education. While the displays of power are deeply damaging for the individuals harmed by these moves, the fact that the isolationist measures are becoming more drastic has a silver lining: They’re a sign of how increasingly difficult and elusive such government control is in a globalized economy and social media age.

        • China’s Supposed ‘Bitcoin Ban’ Fails To Crash Market As Twitter Adds Crypto Payments In Historic First

          A move by China’s central bank to criminalize all forms of cryptocurrency trading – effectively making bitcoin illegal in the country – has failed to meaningfully impact the price of the world’s leading digital asset.

          The clampdown came one day after Twitter announced that its 330m active users will soon be able to send bitcoin to each other instantly and for virtually zero cost – harnessing the Lightning network that’s been built on top of bitcoin’s primary layer and, many believe, will propel the cryptocurrency into the mainstream.

      • Wildlife/Nature

        • Monarch butterflies are being wiped out. These combat veterans are trying to save them.

          He added that he intends to eventually expand the butterfly preserve, based on how the monarchs respond this winter and whether he can secure funding to keep up with the project. Schell said he also plans to continue working with Guardian Grange by hosting nature walks and hikes through the property and educational sessions about the plants and native herbs that grow there.

        • Why Do Scorpions Glow Under UV Light? One Scientist Has Some Theories

          Next time you go hunting for scorpions under cover of darkness, here’s a handy hack: Bring a black light. Most scorpion species are fluorescent, meaning they glow—in this case, a dazzling bluish green—when exposed to ultraviolet (UV) light.

      • Overpopulation

        • Pakistan’s water sharing woes continue as provinces remain at odds

          The government has already initiated the construction of several dams across the country, including Diamer-Bhasha Dam to cope with the growing needs of water and energy in the country.

        • Jordan’s water crisis deepens as climate changes, population grows

          Meanwhile, demand had risen sharply. Jordan’s population has doubled in the past 20 years, with waves of refugees, including more than 1 million Syrians, taken in.

          The share of water per person per year has plummeted to 80 cubic metres from 3,400 at the turn of the century, official figures show, and Salameh says available supplies are only enough for three million of Jordan’s 10 million inhabitants.

        • Editorial: Yes, Southern California, we have a water shortage emergency too

          We can, and we should. In fact, laws that encourage construction of multifamily housing provide living quarters, without thirsty yards, for a workforce that otherwise might be seeking traditional housing and putting in new lawns instead of ripping out old ones. We call it “drinking water,” but in fact the greatest single use of household water in California is for landscaping. Apartments, fourplexes and other multifamily units, in which numerous people share landscaping, are quite water thrifty.

        • Infographic: Lebanon is about to run out of water

          At least 70 percent of Lebanon’s population faces critical water shortages with many people at risk of running out of water in the coming days, according to UNICEF.

    • Finance

      • Opinion | Please Teach Your Children About Corporate Criminals

        If you think elementary, middle, and high school students know too little history, geography, and government, try asking them about the corporations that command so many hours of their day, their attention, what they consume, and their personal horizons.

      • To Avert Debt Ceiling Calamity, Democrats Urged to Finally Kill the Filibuster

        Democrats in Congress are scrambling to avert a debt ceiling crisis that could have devastating consequences for the U.S. economy—and Republicans are vowing to stonewall them every step of the way.

        The GOP’s principal tool of obstruction—the Senate’s notorious 60-vote filibuster rule—is one the minority party has used repeatedly in recent months to tank popular Democratic legislation, most prominently a bill aimed at safeguarding and strengthening voting rights nationwide.

      • Opinion | $3.5 Trillion Is Too Expensive, But $10 Trillion for War Is Business as Usual

        In the end, a government budget is both a moral document and a reflection of the society that produced it. That should fill us all with shame.

      • Opinion | These GOP Grifters Will Be the Death of This Republic

        Trump just unleashed an unhinged, barely coherent rant about the possibility President Biden might reveal what was going on in the White House on January 6th, the day Trump tried to finally end, once and for all, any possibility of governmental oversight of his ongoing criminal career.  He believed he could follow in the footsteps of grifters before him who’ve taken control of and then drained dry countries from Hungary to Russia, Brazil to Turkey and The Philippines.

      • A [Cryptocurrency]-Trading Hamster Performs Better Than Warren Buffett And The S&P 500

        It’s designed so that when Mr. Goxx runs on the hamster wheel, he can select among dozens of cryptocurrencies. Then, deciding between two tunnels, he chooses whether to buy or sell. According to the Twitch account for the hamster, his decision is sent over to a real trading platform — and yes, real money is involved.

      • Uncertainty Swirls Around Evergrande as a Deadline Passes

        The deadline passed without a word, with no sign that the closely watched-for payment had been made, so investors did what they have done for months to the troubled Chinese property giant with loads of debt and few solutions: They sold.

        Shares of China Evergrande Group fell nearly 12 percent on Friday, as a Thursday deadline to make an $83 million interest payment passed without any word from the company about whether it had met its commitments.

      • Morning Coffee: Goldman Sachs’ working hours criticized by son of massive client. Credit Suisse gets harsh in Asia

        At least one of the 13 bankers who made the presentation about the poor working conditions at Goldman Sachs in February is still at the firm

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • The Christian case for Biden’s plan to raise taxes on America’s rich

        In his recent encyclical, Pope Francis wrote that, post-pandemic, “Our worst response would be to plunge even more deeply into feverish consumerism and new forms of egotistic self-preservation.” He also warned against “this dogma of neoliberal faith” that “resort[s] to the magic theories of ‘spillover’ or ‘trickle.’” Trickle-down economics — the theory that giving more money to people who are already wealthy will somehow benefit the rest of us — inspired tax cuts for rich people under former Presidents Ronald Reagan, George Bush and Donald Trump. Trickle-down economics is the opposite of Christian teaching. Jesus teaches us in Matthew 25 that nations will be judged by how they care about the most vulnerable people first and foremost.

      • Afghan Resistance Mulls Formation of Government in Exile

        A former senior Afghan security official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said the resistance comprises three broad categories: supporters of Saleh and Massoud’s National Resistance Front; former officers, including generals of the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces, as well as senior officials of the former defense and interior ministries; and former ministers and deputy ministers. Discussions are in the early stages, and the groups are yet to unite ideologically.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • Sex Workers Sick of OnlyFans Are Building Their Own Websites

        Platforms are also cracking down on adult content because of the Fight Online Sex Trafficking Act (FOSTA) and the Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act (SESTA), a law passed in 2018 that made platforms liable for hosting sex trafficking—and created a chilling effect on all sexual speech online. As with anything that creates risk, this made banks and payment platforms more hesitant to do business with platforms that host adult content.

        “While the purported target of the law [FOSTA/SESTA] was trafficking in the sex trades, it has proven incredibly ineffective but is instead invoked regularly by tech companies when censoring and removing content shared by sex workers, or even just users sharing content of a sexual nature,” Mariah Grant, Director of Research and Advocacy at The Sex Workers Project of the Urban Justice Center, told Motherboard.

      • That Comment Someone Left on Facebook? It Can Get You Sued.

        The ruling extends liability for user comments to anyone with a public Facebook page, not just news outlets. For example, the administrator of a Facebook community could be sued for comments left under a post, even if the administrator was unaware of them.

      • Don’t use these Chinese smartphones, European government warns

        Xiaomi seems to do the bidding of the Chinese government in ways that could threaten users in the West, the report argues, including putting a censorship module in its phones and secretly communicating with Chinese-run servers worldwide. Meanwhile, Huawei’s lax app-installation process can get your phone infected by Android malware.

      • Lithuania Looks to Ban ‘Untrustworthy’ Phones After Chinese Censorship Concerns

        The Defence Ministry is now drafting the legislation to ban public institutions from procuring “untrustworthy” equipment, including smartphones, with a view to presenting it to the parliament for debate by the end of this year, Abukevicius told Reuters.

      • Lithuania looks to ban ‘untrustworthy’ phones after Chinese censorship concerns

        The censoring capability in Xiaomi’s Mi 10T 5G phone software has been turned off for the “European Union region” but can be turned on remotely at any time, the country’s National Cyber Security Centre said in a report on Tuesday.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • US Patent Forum 2021: PTAB chief speaks out on review processes [Ed: Why did a PTAB chief decide to speak to a front group and lobbyist of litigation fanatics? Bad optics.]

          Scott Boalick, the chief administrative patent judge, weighed in on director review at the board while speaking at Managing IP’s US Patent Forum

        • FDA fixes for generic delays may not work, say patent counsel [Ed: These patents kill when generics makers are denied access to #medicines (which in turns denies the public access to these). Will FDA and USPTO actually do something for sick (ill) people rather than sick-minded (greedy) oligarchs?]

          Counsel that represent generic pharma companies say a letter from the FDA to the USPTO highlights important patent issues but may not fix them

        • UK Court of Appeal opinion diverges on Dabus and patenting AI [Ed: Misleading headline from JUVEntoon (EPO and Team UPC propaganda operative) Amy Sandys. The actual news and the headline should be, UK rejects “Hey Hi” excuse for patents (no divergence on that). The patent maximalists, even when they lose, always look hard for some positive slant and then start pushing that slant to mislead people in headlines. Why would you wish to get legal advice from such pathological liars?]

          Stephen Thaler has experienced another defeat in his effort for the UK patent courts to recognise artificial intelligence system, Dabus, as a named inventor. This time, the UK Court of Appeal rejected Thaler’s appeal against a previous first-instance verdict, at a ratio of two judges to one.

        • Plasseraud is next French patent attorney firm to adopt mixed approach [Ed: These JUVEntoons are once again posting marketing spam as ‘news’ and pushing UPC lies along the way. JUVE used to do actual journalism, honest analysis, but then reinvented itself as a liar for extremists and people looking to undermine the rule of law, constitutions, integrity in journalism etc. Habitual lying in articles about patents seems to have become a modus operandi of team UPC.]

          Now that the UPC is once again within reach [Ed: False], many French law firms are considering a mixed line-up or strengthening their teams. Furthermore, following Brexit, many French lawyers see their chance to play a major role in the UPC.

        • Software Patents

          • Several claims from Acacia sub, Targeted Radio, patent held unpatentable [Ed: Microsoft-connected patent troll continues to do lots of damage through its proxies with software patents]

            On September 22, 2021, the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) issued a final written decision in Unified Patents, LLC v. Targeted Radio LLC holding claims 1 and 3-9 of U.S. Patent 8,948,684 invalid. Targeted Radio LLC is an affiliate of well-known NPE Acacia Research Corporation. The ’684 patent is generally directed to the insertion of advertising or other content into an Internet radio stream based on the user’s location. This patent was asserted against Pandora Media, but the case was terminated in 2020.

      • Trademarks

        • Sony ‘Vita’ mark loses out in genuine use revocation proceedings before EU General Court

          Genuine use poses a unique quandary for trade mark owners when raised in revocation proceedings. Not only does the trade mark owner bear the burden of producing evidence to establish such use, but the trade mark owner should know that the ‘reputation’ of the mark does not mean that proving such use is guaranteed to succeed. In this sense, one may recall the fate of the BIG MAC mark in 2019 decision of the Cancellation Division (see IPKat here).

          Earlier this month, Sony Interactive Entertainment Europe Ltd faced the same problem in relation to their EU word mark ‘Vita’, when the General Court ultimately found that Sony had not provided sufficient evidence of genuine use of the mark within the relevant five-year period.

          Let’s see what happened.

        • The Battle over BLACK IRISH Liqueur

          Mariah Carey is in the middle of a brawl with Irish whiskey makers over her choice of brand name for her new cream liqueur products.

          On August 16, Ms. Carey posted a photo on Instagram with the caption “Introducing BLACK IRISH. Two years in the making.” The brand name was inspired by Ms. Carey’s heritage – her father, who was Black, and her mother, whose roots were Irish.

          [...]

          In the EU, the situation is different. There, the BLACK IRISH trademark is owned by Darker Still Spirits Co., which acquired the name in 2015 and has been selling a stout blended whiskey since June 2020. Ms. Carey filed for a trademark in the EU, but her mark was filed after the mark owned by Darker Still Spirits. That has not stopped Ms. Carey’s legal team from fighting for the mark in the EU, and the battles continue. The European trademark office is still evaluating the positions regarding the BLACK IRISH trademark.

      • Copyrights

        • Authorship of photographs and ownership of image rights in Nigeria: Banire v NTA-Star TV Network Ltd

          The Appellant was the plaintiff at the (Federal) High Court where she had sought a declaration that the Respondent/Defendant’s use of her photographs on its billboards without her express authorization amounts to an infringement of her “image/intellectual property rights”. The Appellant also sought the sum of 50 Million Naira (approximately $121,000) as “compensation for the infringement of her image rights”.

        • New UK ISP Piracy Blocks Target Sci-Hub, Streaming & Torrent Site Proxies

          Efforts to make pirate sites harder to access have resulted in two new waves of blocking in the UK. Action by Elsevier and Springer Nature now requires major ISPs to block several additional Sci-Hub-related domains while the efforts of the MPA require them to block domains that facilitate access to previously blocked sites including EZTV, SolarMovie, Icefilms, and more.

09.25.21

Links 25/9/2021: GNU/Linux Recognition in Mainstream Media and Wine-Staging 6.18

Posted in News Roundup at 4:52 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • What Is GNU/Linux?

      Before diving headfirst into the wonky world of GNU/Linux systems, it’s important to understand how they came about and some of the terms you may encounter while researching and using them. I’ll start with a brief history of the big three: UNIX, Linux, and GNU.

      UNIX is a proprietary, command-line-based operating system originally developed by Dennis Ritchie and Ken Thompson (among others) at AT&T’s Bell Labs in the late 1960s and early 1970s. UNIX is coded almost entirely in the C programming language (also invented by Ritchie) and was originally intended to be used as a portable and convenient OS for programmers and researchers. As a result of a long and complicated legal history involving AT&T, Bell Labs, and the federal government, UNIX and UNIX-like operating systems grew in popularity, as did Thompson’s influential philosophy of a modular, minimalist approach to software design.

      During this period, Richard Stallman launched the GNU Project with the goal of creating “an operating system that is free software.” GNU, confusingly, stands for “GNU’s Not UNIX.” This project is responsible for the UNIX-like GNU OS. Stallman also launched the related Free Software Foundation (FSF) on the principle that “any user can study the source code, modify it, and share the program” for any participating software.

    • PC Magazine claims 2021 Is the Year of Linux on the Desktop

      PC Magazine has dusted off an old and much mocked headline and claimed that 2021 Is the Year of Linux on the Desktop.

      In case you had not noticed it, PC Mag explains that there are millions of machines out there which are using Linux including Chromebooks. So, yeah, that counts right?

      Chrome OS and Android are both based on the Linux kernel. They don’t have the extra GNU software that distributions like Ubuntu have, but they’re descended from Linus Torvalds’ original work and are the fastest growing segment of the traditional PC market, according to Canalys.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • Facebook Has Been Working On BOLT’ing The Linux Kernel For Greater Performance – Phoronix

        For several years now Facebook engineers have been working on BOLT as a way to speed-up Linux/ELF binaries. This “Binary Optimization and Layout Tool” is able to re-arrange executables once profiled to generate even faster performance than what can be achieved by a compiler’s LTO and PGO optimizations. One of the latest BOLT efforts has been on optimizing the Linux kernel image.

      • OpenZFS 2.0.6 Released With Support For Newer Kernels

        While the OpenZFS 2.1 feature release has been available since July, for those still using the OpenZFS 2.0.x series and not yet prepared to make the jump to that big new release with dRAID and other changes, OpenZFS 2.0.6 was released this week.

        OpenZFS 2.0.6 is another maintenance release for those not migrating yet to the v2.1 series. OpenZFS 2.0.6 most notably brings support for newer versions of the Linux kernel: OpenZFS 2.0.5 supported up through Linux 5.12 while OpenZFS 2.0.6 now supports Linux 5.13/5.14 plus some early 5.15 compatibility patches.

      • Intel’s User Interrupts With Sapphire Rapids Looking Quite Great For Faster IPC – Phoronix

        Earlier this month Intel engineers posted their initial Linux kernel enablement around x86 User Interrupts with this feature premiering with Xeon “Sapphire Rapids” CPUs. As implied by the name, the User Interrupt functionality allows for interrupts to bypass the kernel for more efficient, low-latency, low-utilization interrupts being received by other user-space tasks. Intel talked more about User Interrupts this week at LPC2021.

      • Linus Torvalds Recognizes Linux’s ‘True’ 30th Anniversary Date

        While it’s been argued that Linux has four different “birthdays,” last Friday saw the 30th anniversary of Linux’s very, very first release — version 0.01.

        That special first release “was never publicly announced, and I only emailed a handful of people in private about the upload,” Torvalds remembered on the Linux kernel mailing list. He no longer has copies of those announcement emails, “so there’s no real record of that. The only record of the date is in the Linux-0.01 tar-file itself, I suspect.”

      • 30 years since the Linux 0.01 release
        This is just a random note to let people know that today is actually
        one of the core 30-year anniversary dates: 0.01 was uploaded Sept 17,
        1991.
        
        Now, that 0.01 release was never publicly announced, and I only
        emailed a handful of people in private about the upload (and I don't
        have old emails from those days), so there's no real record of that.
        The only record of the date is in the Linux-0.01 tar-file itself, I
        suspect.
        
        Alas, the dates in that tar-file are for the last modification dates,
        not the actual creation of the tar-file, but it does seem to have
        happened around 7:30pm (Finnish time), so the exact anniversary was
        technically a couple of hours ago.
        
      • Graphics Stack

        • XWayland GLX Path Enables sRGB Support

          Another item is now crossed off the XWayland TODO list with OpenGL sRGB support wired up.

          Merged this week into the XWayland GLX code is enabling of sRGB frame-buffer configurations when the underlying OpenGL driver support allows GL_FRAMEBUFFER_SRGB.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • Bat is Like the cat Command in Linux, But Super-Charged and Written in Rust

        Bat is a cat command clone with advance syntax highlighting for a large number of programming and markup languages.

        Despite the title of this article, we’ll not talk about cats and bats here, but about the cat and bat commands in Linux.

        As you know, the cat (short for concatenate) command is a utility in Linux. One of its most commonly known usages is to print the content of a file onto the standard output stream. But given more time spent in the command line, features like syntax highlighting come in very handy.

      • How To Install pgAdmin on Debian 11 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install pgAdmin on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, pgAdmin is a free and open-source web-based tool that provides a friendly web interface to fully manage PostgreSQL databases, and it includes several features that can help you administer and maintain databases with ease. It’s written in Python and supports many operating systems such as Linux, Windows, and macOS.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of pgAdmin on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

      • How to configure your Raspberry Pi OS to use it for the first time – LinuxStoney

        Whether it is to set up a personal server, to play retro games, or simply out of curiosity and to learn programming, today we can all get a Raspberry Pi . This microcomputer has earned a great reputation within the IT sector thanks to its construction based on free hardware, the considerable power it offers and, above all, its price. We can install a wide variety of operating systems (especially Linux) on it. But, whatever system we install, we may have to make some configuration to adapt it to our needs. And here the problems can begin.

        Raspberry Pi OS is the official operating system for this microcomputer. This system is based on Debian, and it comes specially prepared and optimized to work in an optimized way on this device. However, depending on the use that we are going to give it, we may have to configure some aspect of it as soon as we start it up.

        In this way, we find two ways to configure this Raspberry Pi OS to adapt it to our needs.

      • rpm2cpio utility fixed

        I downloaded a Fedora rpm file, and was unable to open it. Hmmm, we had this problem ages ago, see this blog post in 2011:

        https://bkhome.org/archive/blog2/201106/busybox-39rpm2cpio39-fails.html

        And a fix for Xarchive in 2018:

        https://bkhome.org/news/201812/fix-rpm-extraction-in-xarchive.html

        EasyOS has the busybox ‘rpm2cpio’ applet, and that is still broken. The ‘exploderpm’ script doesn’t seem to work either.

      • Fixing choppy video and chunky font quality in Firefox installed via Flathub in openSUSE

        f you’ve installed the Firefox browser using flatpak on openSUSE, you probably have noticed these two issues:

        - poor video quality with lags (e.g videos on Twitter)
        - funky font display on some pages (e.g Facebook)

        Firefox comes with the ffmpeg extension enabled but the libs need to be installed. At the time of writing this post, the extension for ffmpeg version 20.08 was enabled in the following file if you installed Firefox using the –user flag with Flatpak.

      • How To Install osTicket on AlmaLinux 8 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install osTicket on AlmaLinux 8. For those of you who didn’t know, osTicket is a free and open-source customer support ticketing system and is widely used globally. It is a simple lightweight web-based application that allows one to organize, manage and archive support requests.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the osTicket support ticketing system on an AlmaLinux 8. You can follow the same instructions for CentOS and Rocky Linux.

      • Choose Audio Devices in Ubuntu System Tray Menu via Extension | UbuntuHandbook

        For laptop and desktop PC with more than one audio input and output devices, it’s possible to switch between audio devices quickly with upper right corner system tray menu.

        It’s a common situation that users have more than one audio devices connected to the computer. GNOME, the default Ubuntu Desktop Environment, provides Sound settings to choose which input and/or output device to use.

        To make life easier, a Gnome extension is available to integrate the settings into system tray status menu under volume control slider. So users can quickly choose a speaker, HMDI, microphone or other input device via few clicks.

      • How to Install Enlightenment Desktop in Arch Linux [Complete Guide]

        This guide explains the steps you need to install Enlightenment Desktop in Arch Linux. This guide has two parts. The first part deals with installing the base Arch system. The second part is installing the complete Enlightenment desktop environment on top of Arch Linux.

    • Wine or Emulation

      • Wine-Staging 6.18 Released With 616 Patches Atop Upstream

        Building off yesterday’s Wine 6.18 development release is now the next Wine-Staging installment that has more than six hundred extra patches on top.

        Wine-Staging 6.18 has 616 patches on top of the upstream Wine code-base. This comes after a number of patches were recently upstreamed around NTOSKRNL, Shell32, PSAPI, and other components.

      • Wine 6.18 and Wine staging 6.18 released

        An experimental branch of the open implementation of WinAPI – Wine 6.18 has been released . Since the release of version 6.17 , 19 bug reports have been closed and 485 changes have been made.

        [...]

        The new release provides synchronization with the Wine 6.18 codebase. 7 patches related to ntoskrnl.exe, IRP, unixfs support in shell32 and implementation of the K32GetModuleBaseNameW, K32GetModuleInformation and K32GetModuleBaseNameA functions have been transferred to the main Wine composition. Added 4 patches with the ability to integrate Token objects into sapi and support for the FltBuildDefaultSecurityDescriptor and ISpObjectToken-CreateInstance functions. The updated patch has been plat-streaming-support .

    • Games

      • Godot Engine – Multiplayer in Godot 4.0: RPC syntax, channels, ordering

        Howdy Godotters! Time for another update on Godot 4.0′s multiplayer networking.

        We have been really busy working on the foundation of the networking and multiplayer classes lately, and there are quite a few new features to talk about. In this post, we’ll start by showing some of the new RPC syntax and features.

      • Reimplenting the Wolfenstein 3D renderer | mcomella.xyz

        When I was young, I was told that games like Wolfenstein 3D use “fake 3D” and ever since I’ve been wondering what they meant by that. I recently satisfied my curiosity by reading through Fabien Sanglard’s very enjoyable book, Game Engine Black Book: Wolfenstein 3D, which explains how Wolfenstein 3D was built. While reading, I realized, “Hey – I can do that!” and set about reimplenting the renderer: specifically, the algorithm that generates and textures the walls in a 3D perspective. Here’s the result with a texture and a map I generated myself:

      • Steam Deck can be used as a PC controller and run multiple systems

        We already knew that the Steam Deck was going to be more than just a typical handheld game console. In a new section of frequently asked questions, Valve has answered some of the doubts that its potential buyers may have, and, at the same time, has confirmed some of its added capabilities.

        Perhaps the most interesting thing is that it can be used as a controller for games on PCs. All that needs to be done is to connect the Steam Deck to a personal computer via Remote Play and configure it as a controller. Sounds really good.

      • Valve confirms Steam Deck can be used as PC controller, does not support external GPUs

        We already know that the Steam Deck will have more features than your typical handheld gaming console, and Valve has just revealed another of its functions: the ability to be used as a PC controller. But one thing it won’t have is support for external GPUs, which was pretty much expected, admittedly.

        In a new FAQ, Valve answers what it says are the 20 most popular questions about Steam Deck. Probably the most interesting revelation is confirmation that the handheld can be used as a controller for your PC games. All you have to do is connect the Steam Deck to your computer via Remote Play.

      • Valve Posts Official Steam Deck FAQ: Supports MicroSD Booting, Remote Play for PC

        Valve’s upcoming Steam Deck gaming console is set to start shipping in December of this year, and interest is high for the handheld gaming console. Steam Deck buyers have a lot of upfront questions, though, so Valve has posted a frequently asked questions (FAQs) page to share some more details about the new system.

        As a reminder, the Steam Deck gaming console is Valve’s attempt to enter the handheld gaming market, and it wields a custom AMD APU. Featuring four cores and eight threads of Zen 2 core IP, the chip runs at 2.4–3.5 GHz clock speeds. It also features an RDNA 2 graphics engine with eight compute units running at 1.0–1.6 GHz. The APU is rated for a thermal power budget of anywhere from 4W to 15W, and it connects to 16GB of LPDDR5 RAM running at 5500 MT/s. For external storage, there’s a high-speed microSD card slot. This is all tied together by a custom Arch Linux-based operating system with Valve’s Steam UI on top of it.

      • AMD’s new Linux CPU driver for the Steam deck is showing promising results

        No one really knows when you’ll be able to get your hands on a Steam Deck, with shipping dates slipping into the second quarter of 2022. In the meantime, Valve and AMD are working to squeeze more performance out of the Zen 2 SoC inside the new handheld console, as well as improve its energy efficiency.

        Valve’s upcoming Steam Deck will be able to run Windows 11 for those who want it, but the majority of users will likely stick with the company’s own Arch Linux-based SteamOS 3.0, which uses the Proton compatibility layer to run games that don’t run natively on Linux.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • This week in KDE: Plasma on the move

          Plasma 5.23’s beta period is half over, and we’re busy fixing issues found by our wonderful users. One thing to note is that I don’t mention fixes for regressions that never shipped to users in final releases, and this includes beta versions. If I included those, the list below would be much longer! Because rest assured, we have been fixing tons and tons of the bugs and regressions that all your faithful QA has caught during the beta period. All those bug reports are really valuable. So please do keep filing them! Bug reporting isn’t a black hole!

          In the Plasma Wayland session, KWin now supports “DRM leasing”, which allows us to re-add support for VR headsets and let them achieve optimal performance (Xaver Hugl, Plasma 5.24)

          KWin now lets you optionally set a global keyboard shortcut to move a window to the center of its screen (Kristen McWilliam, Plasma 5.24)

        • KDE Plasma 5.24 On Wayland To Support DRM Leasing For VR Headsets

          With the KDE Plasma 5.23 release quickly approaching, feature development is already heating up for Plasma 5.24 while concurrently driving many fixes into the v5.23 codebase.

          KDE developer Nate Graham is out with his weekly development recap for the open-source desktop project. It’s been a busy week of new KDE Plasma 5.24 feature code landing plus further stabilizing Plasma 5.23 and related components — including the ongoing push of Wayland fixes. Highlights for the week are…

    • Distributions

      • Screenshots/Screencasts

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Growth of the Fedora Distribution over time

          There was a conversation in IRC (libera.chat, #fedora-admin) on the amount of disk space that Fedora is using over time. It used to grow astronomically over time, but there was an idea that it might be slowing down.. and then the realization that no one had graphed it. Taking this challenge in hand I decided to look at it. Doing a complete mirror of the data would require me to have a very long time frame and 100+ TB of disk space, but luckily for me, the Fedora mirror system does a du every night and outputs this data to a file, https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/DIRECTORY_SIZES.txt

          The file covers all the directories that the main download servers have including the archive trees which are where old releases go to live. It also puts it in a ‘human-readable’ format like…

      • Debian Family

        • Sway

          A new desktop has been implemented to APTus AppCenter: Sway

    • Devices/Embedded

      • SONOFF Smart Stackable Power Meter supports up to 128 20A relays – CNX Software

        ITEAD has introduced many smart switches over the year under the SONOFF brand, and their latest SONOFF Smart Stackable Power Meter is DIN mountable and made for larger industrial applications with up to 128 devices.

        The solution is comprised of the “SPM-Main” WiFi connected main unit controlling up to 32 “SPM-4Relay” units with 4 relays each using RS485 daisy-chaining.

      • Open Hardware/Modding

        • A Toy Jeep For After The Apocalypse | Hackaday

          These toys usually have one or two 12V high-speed motors driving plastic gear trains for the rear wheels. This one is a two-motor model and unexpectedly comes with a steering motor for parental remote control. All its electronics were dead, so rather than do a complete motor upgrade he instead doubled the voltage and installed decent motor controllers with an Arduino sending them instructions. Otherwise it received an upgrade and stiffening of its chassis and steering components, and the kids plastic steering wheel was replaced with a wooden one.

        • Embrace The New, But Don’t Forget The Old | Hackaday

          We were trading stories of our first self-made PCBs in the secret underground Hackaday bunker, and a couple of the boards looked really good for first efforts. Of course there were mistakes and sub-optimal routing, but who among us never connects up the wrong signals or uses a bad footprint? What lead me to have a hacker “kids these days have it so easy” moment was that all of the boards were, of course, professionally fabbed with nice silkscreens. They all looked great.

          What a glorious time to be starting down the hardware path! When I made my first PCB, the options were basically laying down tape, pulling out the etch resist pen, or paying a bazillion inflation-adjusted dollars for a rapid prototype board. This meant that the aspiring hacker also had to have a steady hand and be at least casually acquainted with a little chemistry. The ability to just send your files out to a PCB house means that the barrier to stepping up your hardware game from plug-them-together modules is lower than it’s ever been.

        • AugLimb is the extra arm you didn’t know you needed | Arduino Blog

          As a maker, you probably have a third hand for your soldering station. They come in handy when you need to hold a component, PCB, solder, and soldering iron all at the same time. But an extra hand would be useful for a wide range of other everyday activities. That’s why this team of researchers created a compact robotic third arm called AugLimb.

          While robotic augmentations aren’t a new idea, they aren’t often as usable as AugLimb. This robotic arm is lightweight and compact, making it comfortable to wear. It can’t lift much weight, but it is very dexterous thanks to seven degrees of freedom and an extendable gripper. It attaches to the wearer’s bicep and folds up when not in use. When it is time for action, AugLimb unfolds and reaches further than the user’s own arm.

        • Classic Chip Line-Up Powers This Fun Dub Siren Synth | Hackaday

          There’s a certain elite set of chips that fall into the “cold, dead hands” category, and they tend to be parts that have proven their worth over decades, not years. Chief among these is the ubiquitous 555 timer chip, which nearly 50 years after its release still finds its way into the strangest places. Add in other silicon stalwarts like the 741 op-amp and the LM386 audio amp, and you’ve got a Hall of Fame lineup for almost any project.

      • Mobile Systems/Mobile Applications

        • Cross Compile to PinePhone Part Three

          On last part, we managed to generate package by hand. While it works, having a script to do everything for us is even better. So I’ve wrote a small python script to automate the process.

          Apart from the SDK issue mentioned above, we still need to write proper tutorials on https://develop.kde.org/ about cross compile. I’m happy with the overall result, to be able to cross compile to target platform is essention to mobile development. The major difference between Plasma Mobile and Android/iOS is apps on Plasma Mobile are neither self-contained or static linked. Together with the updating of system libraries it’s impossible to ship a static SDK, you’ll need to have all the dynamic linked libraries on rootfs. For iOS and Android, the only dynamic linked libraries is system ones, and they don’t change throughout one major version. You can have Android 10 SDK for Android 10, 11 SDK for 11… But for Plasma Mobile Manjaro, it’s a rolling distribution, you’ll also need a rolling SDK.

          I hope the ablity to cross compiling to PinePhone can improve everyone’s productivity on Plasma Mobile development, however it’s just a small step towards what Android and iOS have. We still lack phone emulator, remote debugging and UI debugging tools.

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Web Browsers

        • Mozilla

          • Firefox and Hardware Acceleration on Linux

            In some Firefox version after 88.0 it looks like they’re enabling WebRenderer by default, and it also looks like my hardware (an Nvidia graphics card with the proprietary driver)[1] isn’t whitelisted, so what Firefox does is enable “software WebRenderer” instead.

            First things first, I had been trying WebRenderer for some time (more than a couple of month) by force-enabling it, and while it seemed to make things better at first, on the whole the experience was awful, and because WebRenderer, if I understand correctly, uses GPU acceleration, that affected the rest of the desktop, so after a while I disabled WebRenderer (and “Hardware Acceleration” in the preferences tab, and set the processes limit to 2, while I was there), and then things seemed to be better.

            Due to the iffy state Firefox can be in sometimes, I had decided to skip updates for as long as I can, i.e. I update Firefox, then stick with the version I have until an extension I use no longer works, or there is a really compelling new feature in a new version of Firefox (which, sadly, doesn’t seem to be as often as it was before the “rapid release” schedule Mozilla had adapted…). So here I was using Firefox 88.0, shut the machine down at night, turned it on in the morning, then when I was opening a link, Firefox started and all the tabs had the “your tab crashed” “reload this tab?” message, clicking that button had no effect.

            So nothing worked, not restoring the previous tabs, disabling all extensions, moving ~/.mozilla and starting anew; a couple of online searches later, still nothing, then I looked at rpm -qa –last | less, now I think the reason is a glibc update, which broke Firefox, probably it would be fixed by rebuilding Firefox against the new glibc. Not really OpenSuse Tumbleweed’s problem because the current version of Firefox in the repos is 92.0…

          • Mozilla VPN boosted with multi-hop, blocking and custom DNS features

            Mozilla introduced new privacy features to its VPN service, Mozilla VPN, earlier this week. The organization launched Mozilla VPN back in June 2020 in select regions and has expanded the availability since then.

            Mozilla partnered with Mullvad, a Swedish company, and uses the company’s infrastructure for its own Mozilla VPN product.

      • SaaS/Back End/Databases

      • CMS

        • GPLKey Offers Reliable And Affordable WordPress Themes For Businesses – Digital Journal

          Important keys for a business to be successful online is to have a professional and attractive, easy to navigate, and affordable website. The themes and plugins a business chooses are important as they directly impact its presence online.

          With thousands of satisfied customers, GPLKey is an online source for premium themes and plugins for WordPress websites that fit the needs of businesses looking to create a presence on the Internet. Each of the hundreds of products featured on the GPLKey.com website have a full list of features, customization tools and the included plug-ins.

        • GPLPlus Meets the WordPress Demand for Businesses Growth

          Companies around the world are increasingly realizing that they need not break the bank for a successful website. This realization has led many organizations into utilizing open-source solutions, with one of those being WordPress as a development model. All features demanded by customers are found on this software which uses an open-source license called GNU General Public License (GPL).

          The software industry continues to succeed in solving real world problems to individual users and customer-oriented cooperations. All the demanded features have been found to be open-source, which involves the utilization of WordPress as a development model. GPLPlus understands the fact that every web developer deserves the right website, even without breaking the bank. The company has offers WordPress users the ability to excel in their next project through perfect plugin and themes.

      • Programming/Development

        • Why do programmers prefer to use Linux?

          Windows is the most widely used operating system, both in home and business environments. Most of the programs are created to run on this operating system. However, the people who create these programs (developers, programmers and system administrators mainly) prefer to leave Windows aside and work on another operating system: Linux. Why? What brings you to this?

          Linux offers a large number of advantages when it comes to working and developing, advantages that range from flexibility to security and system performance. Today, Linux is a perfectly affordable system for any user, since it is not much more complicated to use than any Windows system. However, this OS does not end up gaining popularity within home environments, its main strength being the servers and the computers of the programmers.

        • Perl/Raku

          • Latest Perl Introduction 2021 Movie

            Perl version 5.36. isa operator. try catch syntax. enable warnings. use v5.36. use v7. The introduction of the members of Perl core team.

        • Java

          • Java 17 Release Promises Faster Performance

            Java Development Kit 17 and Java 17 are now generally available. JDK 17 was announced by the Open JDK group and Oracle released the new version under a commercial license for those using the Oracle JDK release as part of an Oracle product or service, or for those who want to be able to get commercial support.

            Java 17 is an LTS (Long Term Support) version and Oracle says Oracle JDK 17 and future JDK releases are provided under a free-to-use license until a full year after the next LTS release. Oracle will also continue providing Oracle OpenJDK releases under the open-source General Public License (GPL), as it has since 2017.

    • Standards/Consortia

      • Dyne.org, RIDDLE&CODE and InfoCert’s Consortium Appointed to Take EBSI to the Next Level

        The consortium formed by Dyne.org, RIDDLE&CODE and InfoCert, has been selected by the European Commission as one of seven contractors to develop the next version of the European Blockchain Services Infrastructure (EBSI).

        The award is one more milestone in the consortium’s track record of excellence with cryptography and blockchain, after Dyne.org led the flagship H2020 project DECODE, RIDDLE&CODE’s blockchain solutions are deployed in banking and utility markets Europe wide and InfoCert being the largest Certification Authority at European level and eIDAS certified QTSP.

  • Leftovers

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Security

          • If you install Windows 11 on an unsupported PC, you will not get updates

            You can always install Ubuntu or Linux Mint

            Being a Linux evangelist it would be very remiss of me not to at least mention it is an option that you have. Linux Distros like Ubuntu and Linux Mint are quite user friendly and easy to set up. It’s a lot easier to install Ubuntu on your laptop or PC than it is to install Windows. You can even install Ubuntu or Linux Mint alongside Windows and choose which OS you want to boot into during startup.

            I am always telling people that these days it doesn’t really matter which OS you are using as long as you can install Google Chrome. Most of the stuff we do and need is in the cloud. If you are an accountant for example you can use Sage or QuickBooks in the cloud so there is no need for Windows support. You can use Office 365 or Google Workspace and so much more.

            Your OS just sits behind the scenes unobtrusively facilitating your desires. There was a time when desktop apps ruled the roost and this was a big reason for you not to install Linux but those days are long gone. Ubuntu 20.04 will be supported for the next 10 years so, 2030 inenge ichipo!

            Ubuntu will also run much faster than Windows 11 will ever will on your old Hardware. You can do that or just keep Windows 10 which Microsoft has said they will keep supporting and updating.

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

      • Trademarks

        • Champagne Producers Toast CJEU Decision Affirming Trade Mark Protections Under PDO

          The body responsible for protecting the interests of champagne producers, Comité Interprofessionnel du Vin de Champagne (CIVC), initially brought two opposition claims in the Oficina Española de Patentes y Marcas (the Spanish Patent and Trademark Office) against the GB Group (GB), a Spanish entity that operates tapas bars in Spain. GB marketed CHAMPANILLO (a frothy drink) using a sign on its leaflets and social media accounts that portrayed two cups filled with the drink “clinking” together. The opposition claims were upheld, and GB ceased its marketing in 2015.

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