10.25.21

[Meme] “Social Democracy” at the EPO

Posted in Europe, Patents at 9:25 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Geramovski and Social Democracy at the EPO

Summary: Some comments on the current situation at the European Patent Office from Goran Gerasimovski, the new EPO Administrative Council delegate for North Macedonia and Social Democratic candidate for mayor of Centar (a municipality of Skopje)

[Meme] António Campinos Visits the OSIM

Posted in Europe, Patents at 9:22 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Campinos visits the OSIM

Summary: António Campinos visits OSIM Director-General Ionel Muscalu in February 2014

[Meme] [Teaser] Meet the President

Posted in Europe, Patents at 8:39 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

EPO President

Battistelli a demagogue? Klaus Iohannis approves

Klaus Iohannis criticism

Battistelli and Romania

Summary: Later today we shall see what Romania did for Battistelli

Bulgarian Like Bavarian Serfdom

Posted in Europe, Patents at 4:26 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link | md5sum 7e555d7cec749b7500ed9b4dca8103dd

Summary: Bulgarian politics seem to have played a big role in selecting chiefs and delegates who backed Benoît Battistelli‘s unlawful proposals, which treat workers almost like slaves and ordinary citizens as disposable ‘collaterals’

TODAY we published Part 23 of a very long series which will last over a month in total (we publish parts on a daily basis). Part 23 is about Bulgaria, which is better known than most nations in the Balkan region, partly because of its relative size. The above video places emphasis on 6 PDF files, which are preserved here permanently for reference (to accompany the text). These include English translations.

“Research into these matters generally contributes to the perception, back by reasonably good evidence and plausible explanations, that the Bulgarian patent system is very political/politicised and not necessarily focused on technicalities, laws etc.”Bulgarian politics do not receive much media coverage in “the West” (Western Europe, north America) or maybe it’s just neglected by English-speaking media. So it’s important to make such information more widely accessible, also in the language sense.

Research into these matters generally contributes to the perception, back by reasonably good evidence and plausible explanations, that the Bulgarian patent system is very political/politicised and not necessarily focused on technicalities, laws etc. In other words, it’s a lot like today’s EPO, so we can expect Bulgarian delegates to back autocrats and two-faced politicians, including António Campinos the imposter (pretending to be an expert in science without having had any experience).

The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XXIII: The Balkan League – Bulgaria

Posted in Europe, Patents at 4:11 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Series parts:

  1. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part I: Let the Sunshine In!
  2. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part II: A “Unanimous” Endorsement?
  3. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part III: Three Missing Votes
  4. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part IV: The Founding States
  5. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part V: Germany Says “Ja”
  6. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part VI: A Distinct Lack of Dutch Courage
  7. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part VII: Luxembourgish Laxity
  8. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part VIII: Perfidious Albion and Pusillanimous Hibernia
  9. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part IX: More Holes Than Swiss Cheese
  10. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part X: Introducing the Controversial Christian Bock
  11. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XI: “General Bock” – Battistelli’s Swiss Apprentice?
  12. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XII: The French Connection
  13. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XIII: Battistelli’s Iberian Facilitators – Spain
  14. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XIV: Battistelli’s Iberian Facilitators – Portugal
  15. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XV: Et Tu Felix Austria…
  16. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XVI: The Demise of the Austrian Double-Dipper
  17. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XVII: The Non-Monolithic Nordic Bloc
  18. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XVIII: Helsinki’s Accord
  19. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part IXX: The Baltic States
  20. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XX: The Visegrád Group
  21. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XXI: The Balkan League – The Doyen and His “Protégée”
  22. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XXII: The Balkan League – North Macedonia and Albania
  23. YOU ARE HERE ☞ The Balkan League – Bulgaria

Kamen Veselinov
Head of the Bulgarian delegation in June 2013: Kamen Veselinov

Summary: Today we examine the role of Bulgaria in Benoît Battistelli‘s liberticidal regime at the EPO (as well as under António Campinos, from 2018 to present) with particular focus on political machinations

In this part the focus is on the Bulgarian delegation, which in June 2013 was headed by Kamen Veselinov, Director-General of the Bulgarian Patent Office (BPO).

Some time after he had played his part in rubber-stamping Battistelli’s “Strike Regulations”, Veselinov was relieved of his position as head of the BPO in March 2014.

“Some time after he had played his part in rubber-stamping Battistelli’s “Strike Regulations”, Veselinov was relieved of his position as head of the BPO in March 2014.”According to a bulletin [PDF] published by ipbulgaria.bg, Veselinov held the position without the required professional experience and under his leadership “the office was brought to a severe crisis” and “as a result of his mismanagement, Bulgaria is on the US Special 301 blacklist”.

Veselinov was replaced by Tanya Naydenova, a graduate in law from the Mikhail Lomonosov Moscow State University who headed the BPO between March and December 2014.

Tanya Naydenova
Tanya Naydenova headed the BPO for a brief period between March and December 2014.

But it turned out that Veselinov had only been temporarily ousted. He was reinstated when Boyko Borisov took over as Prime Minister in November 2014.

Boyko Borisov
Veselinov and his political patron, Bulgarian Prime Minister Boyko Borisov.

This meant that Veselinov was able to revisit his old buddies on the EPO’s Administrative Council in Munich at the March 2015 meeting and he could rejoin them in rubber-stamping further dubious proposals tabled by Battistelli. He continued to serve as director of the BPO until the summer of 2016 when he retired at the ripe old age of 70.

Veselinov and Petko Nikolov
Temporarily ousted, Veselinov (left) was reinstated after Boyko Borisov came to power towards the end of 2014. He continued to serve as head of the BPO until the summer of 2016 when he was replaced by Petko Nikolov (right), chairman of the national anti-trust authority.

Veselinov’s successor [PDF] as head of the BPO was Petko Nikolov who was born in 1958 in Botevgrad in western Bulgaria. According to the Bulgarian media, Nikolov graduated in law from Sofia University, has a master’s degree in finance from the University of Veliko Tarnovo, as well as a specialization in criminal law from the University of Sofia. He also has a doctorate in economics.

“But it turned out that Veselinov had only been temporarily ousted.”Nikolov initially worked as an attorney until 2001 when he entered politics as a member of the National Movement for Stability and Progress (NDSV), originally known as the “National Movement Simeon II”. The NDSV is a liberal, populist political party created as the personal political vehicle of Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the deposed heir to the throne of the Kingdom of Bulgaria who succeeded in making a post-communist political comeback as Prime Minister between 2001 and 2005.

Nikolov’s first important public sector appointment was as chairman of the Supervisory Board of the Privatization Agency in 2001, under the “Sakskoburggotski government” – or so-called “Tsar’s cabinet” – presided over by Simeon von Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. According to media reports, Nikolov obtained his position on the Supervisory Board “as part of the quota of the Simeon II National Movement”.

Simeon von Saxe Coburg Gotha
Petko Nikolov’s original political patron, Simeon von Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.

In 2003, Nikolov’s career took another leap forward when he was appointed chairman of the Commission for Protection of Competition (CPC), a position which he held for nearly 13 years [PDF], somehow managing to survive six different governments. In the turbulent and unstable world of Bulgarian politics that is no small achievement.

“In 2003, Nikolov’s career took another leap forward when he was appointed chairman of the Commission for Protection of Competition (CPC), a position which he held for nearly 13 years, somehow managing to survive six different governments.”Nikolov’s second term as head of the CPC had officially expired in October 2015 and a legislative amendment earlier that year prevented him from serving a further consecutive term. Nevertheless, due to political wrangling over his successor, he remained in charge of the antitrust authority on a caretaker basis until the summer of 2016.

Before he was replaced at the CPC, rumours began circulating that “out of gratitude for the work done, GERB [the political party of Prime Minister Boyko Borisov] would provide him with a new appetizing position”.

“His previous track record as chairman of the anti-trust authority CPC also came in for criticism.”His subsequent appointment as head of the BPO attracted a lot of critical comment in Bulgaria where it was reported that he had been parachuted into the position directly by Prime Minister Boyko Borisov without an open competition. [PDF]

His previous track record as chairman of the anti-trust authority CPC also came in for criticism. This criticism centred around claims that Nikolov had been more than favourable to the Bulgarian politician, media mogul [PDF], and oligarch Delyan Peevski in resolving cases which affected Peevski’s interests.

Peevski – nicknamed “Shishi” or “Potbelly” in Bulgaria – is a highly controversial figure who was recently sanctioned by the US Department of the Treasury which described him in the following terms:

“Delyan Slavchev Peevski (Peevski) is an oligarch who previously served as a Bulgarian MP and media mogul and has regularly engaged in corruption, using influence peddling and bribes to protect himself from public scrutiny and exert control over key institutions and sectors in Bulgarian society.”

Petko Nikolov, Boyko Borisov, and Delyan Peevski

Nikolov’s appointment as head of the BPO in 2016 attracted critical comment in Bulgaria.
From left to right: Petko Nikolov, Bulgarian PM Boyko Borisov and oligarch Delyan Peevski.

“Given his political allegiance to the monarchistically flavoured NDSV and his reputed subservience to homegrown oligarchs like Peevski, it’s hardly surprising that when it came to EPO affairs, Nikolov followed in the footsteps of his predecessor Veselinov and turned out to be another uncritical “facilitator” of the tyrant Battistelli and his vicious assault on the rights of EPO staff.”Given his political allegiance to the monarchistically flavoured NDSV and his reputed subservience to homegrown oligarchs like Peevski, it’s hardly surprising that when it came to EPO affairs, Nikolov followed in the footsteps of his predecessor Veselinov and turned out to be another uncritical “facilitator” of the tyrant Battistelli and his vicious assault on the rights of EPO staff.

In return, Battistelli did his best to cultivate the goodwill of his Bulgarian vassals. In November 2017 (warning: epo.org link), he dispatched his faithful lieutenant Raimund Lutz to deputise for him at the 27th Patent Information Conference which took place in Sofia.

Lutz and BPO
From l. to r.: David Sukalinski (BPO), EPO Vice-President Lutz, Ofelia Kirkoryan-Tsonkova (BPO), Petko Nikolov (BPO), and Deputy Minister for Economic Affairs, Lachezar Borosov (November 2017).

In March 2018, as his EPO presidency was drawing to a close, Battistelli paid his respects to his Bulgarian allies by turning up in person as a guest speaker at a conference on “IP” hosted in Sofia (warning: epo.org link) where he met with Nikolov and various government ministers, including the Deputy Minister for Economic Affairs, Lachezar Borisov.

Battistelli, Lachezar Borisov, and Petko Nikolov
From l. to r.: Battistelli with Lachezar Borisov and Petko Nikolov (March 2018).

More recently, in June 2021, sources in Bulgaria reported that Nikolov had been replaced [PDF] by Vladya Borisova [PDF] following a decision issued by the caretaker government of Stefan Yanev.

“More recently, in June 2021, sources in Bulgaria reported that Nikolov had been replaced by Vladya Borisova following a decision issued by the caretaker government of Stefan Yanev.”No reasons were given for Nikolov’s departure, but it seems that he was “purged” due to his close connections to previous government led by Boyko Borisov. That government had fallen into disfavour and triggered widespread public protests which lasted from July 2020 until April 2021, when Borisov and his cabinet finally resigned at the end of their four-year term.

Vladya Borisova
The new head of the Bulgarian Patent Office, Vladya Borisova.

Prior to her current appointment, the new head of the Bulgarian Patent Office, Vladya Borisova, was a professor at the Institute of Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer (IIPTT) in Sofia.

On its website the IIPTT describes itself as “a unit of the University of National and World Economy for research in the field of intellectual property”.

“Prior to her current appointment, the new head of the Bulgarian Patent Office, Vladya Borisova, was a professor at the Institute of Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer (IIPTT) in Sofia.”The University of National and World Economy (UNWE), which was originally established in 1920 as the Free University of Political and Economic Sciences, claims to be the largest and oldest institute for higher economic studies in Bulgaria and Southeastern Europe. During the communist era it was known as the Karl Marx Higher Institute of Economics and it was given its present post-communist name in 1990.

Karl Marx, Sofia
Bust of former “patron” Karl Marx on the UNWE grounds in Sofia.

It remains to be seen what contribution, if any, Borisova will manage to make to EPO affairs.

Maybe she will surprise us all and make a stand for the rights of EPO staff. But don’t hold your breath on that.

“Maybe she will surprise us all and make a stand for the rights of EPO staff. But don’t hold your breath on that.”In the present era of unfettered globalised capitalism, the subject of workers’ rights seems to be an unfashionable topic of discussion, whether at the UNWE in Sofia or at the EPO in Munich. One wonders what the UNWE’s former “patron” Karl Marx would have made of it all…

In the next part we will turn our attention to the delegation representing Bulgaria’s northern neighbour, Romania.

Bulgarian EPO

[Meme] [Teaser] Oligarchs-Controlled Patent Offices With Media Connections That Cover Up Corruption

Posted in Europe, Patents at 3:26 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Oligarchs EPO: Delyan Slavchev Peevski (Peevski) controlled the media; EPO can relate
Media writes many puff pieces about plastics (almost a dozen this past week) and not a word about EPO abuses

Treasury Sanctions Influential Bulgarian Individuals and Their Expansive Networks for Engaging in Corruption
Source: U.S. Department of the Treasury

Summary: As we shall see later today, the ‘underworld’ in Bulgaria played a role or pulled the strings of politically-appointed administrators who guarded Benoît Battistelli‘s liberticidal regime at the EPO

10.24.21

The Demolition of the EPO Was Made Possible With Assistance From Countries That Barely Have European Patents

Posted in Europe, Patents at 3:18 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link | md5sum 61ad25d7ddd6c33e804a942e0348a65e

Summary: The legal basis of today’s EPO has been crushed; a lot of this was made possible by countries with barely any stakes in the outcome

THE part about North Macedonia and Albania has just been published. The part covers some of the politics surrounding problematic appointments of EPO delegates. Some have been supporting Benoît Battistelli‘s regime, some still back António Campinos, and some have done both.

Ultimately, and rather unfortunately, these delegates don’t just enable the coup at the Office. They are also complicit in the attack on patent quality and potentially the patent courts. Judging by this latest propaganda from Joff Wild, they don’t intend to stop at patents. The monopolies and the litigation firms want to hijack everything in Europe, with several more examples of fake news from Team UPC in our Daily Links. That’s where we typically file them with editorial comments to accompany them (with care not to send falsehoods any traffic).

To put it another way, all these representatives from European countries do not actually represent their people at all. They’re fronting for special interests. What will be left of Europe’s largest patent office if they get their way? Notice one of many comments in response to patent extremists and profiteers (the people at IP Kat who promote the UPC). One of them notes the decline/decrease in patent quality:

The problem is when you see decisions after appeal in opposition before the EPO, around two thirds if not more of the patents are either revoked or maintained in amended form.

And more than often the revocation or amendment is due to documents which were available at the time of the search but were not retrieved during the search (even Art 54(3) prior art from the applicant!).

It would be wise to wait for the result of an opposition when there is an opposition pending at the EPO before deciding on the validity and hence the possible infringement of the German part of an European patent.

When extrapolating the figures from oppositions at the EPO which roughly concern 5% of the granted patents, it seems also advisable to wait the result of the validity examination of the German part of an European patent before deciding on infringement.

I claim that when hit by an infringement action before a German court, it is clear that in most cases the alleged infringer will hit back with a lack of validity. The chances of succeeding on the validity side are quite good when looking at the prior art dug out by opponents.

The EPO claims that its quality has improved since 2010.
An analysis of the decisions of the BA in matters of opposition show that this is not, and by far, the case.

There are some other comments of interest in there, as well as 27 comments here. The last comment (hours ago they closed the commenting form) says: “I wonder whether the first party to face an infringement procedure under the UPC could not sue the patent proprietor before a criminal court of for extortion, intimidation and harassment committed by an organised group on the basis of obviously invalid legal claims.”

The very legal basis of the patent system, including the EPC, has been thrown out the window. It would be foolish and irresponsible to pretend to ourselves that it’s not happening.

The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XXII: The Balkan League – North Macedonia and Albania

Posted in Europe, Patents at 2:58 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Series parts:

  1. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part I: Let the Sunshine In!
  2. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part II: A “Unanimous” Endorsement?
  3. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part III: Three Missing Votes
  4. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part IV: The Founding States
  5. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part V: Germany Says “Ja”
  6. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part VI: A Distinct Lack of Dutch Courage
  7. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part VII: Luxembourgish Laxity
  8. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part VIII: Perfidious Albion and Pusillanimous Hibernia
  9. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part IX: More Holes Than Swiss Cheese
  10. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part X: Introducing the Controversial Christian Bock
  11. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XI: “General Bock” – Battistelli’s Swiss Apprentice?
  12. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XII: The French Connection
  13. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XIII: Battistelli’s Iberian Facilitators – Spain
  14. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XIV: Battistelli’s Iberian Facilitators – Portugal
  15. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XV: Et Tu Felix Austria…
  16. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XVI: The Demise of the Austrian Double-Dipper
  17. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XVII: The Non-Monolithic Nordic Bloc
  18. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XVIII: Helsinki’s Accord
  19. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part IXX: The Baltic States
  20. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XX: The Visegrád Group
  21. The EPO’s Overseer/Overseen Collusion — Part XXI: The Balkan League – The Doyen and His “Protégée”
  22. YOU ARE HERE ☞ The Balkan League – North Macedonia and Albania

EIA Balkan states
Elvin Lako (Albania) with Safet Emruli and Goran Gerasimovski (North Macedonia) attending the 2019 European Inventor boondoggle in Vienna.

Summary: We continue to look at Benoît Battistelli‘s enablers at the EPO

In this part the focus will be on the delegations representing two key members of the EPO’s “Balkan League”, namely North Macedonia and Albania.

Battistelli’s Croatian “bulldog”, Željko Topić is reputed to have had particularly close connections with Safet Emruli, who headed the North Macedonian State Office of Intellectual Property (SOIP) between 2009 and 2020.

Topic and Eemruli
Topić is reputed to have had close connections with Safet Emruli, head of the North Macedonian IPO.
(Top: 2010; bottom: 2018).

In a separate series about North Macedonia published earlier this year, it was revealed that Emruli is an active member of the ethnic Albanian DUI party. The DUI plays a significant role in the political life of North Macedonia and it has participated in government as a coalition partner in most administrations over the last two decades.

“In a separate series about North Macedonia published earlier this year, it was revealed that Emruli is an active member of the ethnic Albanian DUI party.”Emruli was appointed as head of the North Macedonian SOIP in 2009 as part of a political deal between the DUI and its senior coalition partner, the Slavic ultra-nationalist VMRO-DPMNE under the leadership of the notoriously corrupt Nikola Gruevski.

Emruli remained in this position until he resigned in 2020 after he had been implicated in irregularities concerning academic appointments at the DUI-controlled State University of Tetovo.

“Emruli remained in this position until he resigned in 2020 after he had been implicated in irregularities concerning academic appointments at the DUI-controlled State University of Tetovo.”As explained in the earlier series, there are reasons to suspect that Emruli ended up as a “casualty” of inter-party political deal-making connected with the formation of the new government in North Macedonia in the late summer of 2020.

He fell on his sword shortly after attending the 164th meeting of the EPO Administrative Council on 13 October 2020.

It seems that he was obliged to play the “fall guy” in order to protect his more senior party comrade Agim Nuhiu who was promoted to second-in-charge at the Justice Ministry. Meanwhile, the top position at the North Macedonian SOIP was awarded to Goran Gerasimovski, a rising star of the dominant partner in the new coalition government, the social-democratic SDSM.

Emruli and Gerasimovski
Ethnic Albanian DUI party hack Emruli (l.) was replaced by SDSM poster‑boy Goran Gerasimovski (r.) in October 2020 as part of a backroom political deal connected with the formation of a new SDSM-led government.

“Thanks to his ethnic Albanian connections, which he liked to wear on his sleeve, Emruli was a useful middleman for garnering the support of the Albanian delegation on the EPO’s Administrative Council.”During his term as head of the SOIP, Emruli had enough free time at his disposal to complete a doctorate in law at the University of Tirana in Albania. Thanks to his ethnic Albanian connections, which he liked to wear on his sleeve, Emruli was a useful middleman for garnering the support of the Albanian delegation on the EPO’s Administrative Council.

In June 2013, the Albanian delegation was headed by Safet Sula. Sula had previously been mayor of the town of Kukës during the period 1996 to 2000 and later, between 2005 and 2009, he was a member of parliament for the Democratic Party of Albania.

The Democratic Party of Albania was founded by the notoriously corrupt Sali Berisha who headed the party until his election defeat in 2013. Berisha has recently been sanctioned by the US State Department due to his “involvement in significant corruption”.

“The Democratic Party of Albania was founded by the notoriously corrupt Sali Berisha who headed the party until his election defeat in 2013.”In 2009, under Berisha’s premiership, Sula was appointed as head of the Albanian Patent Office. He remained in this position until 2013 when the Democratic Party performed poorly in the general election and fell from power.

According to Albanian sources, following his departure from the Albanian Patent Office, Sula is now the owner of a small family business in Tirana which is described as a “key shop”.

Safet Sula
Safet Sula, former mayor of Kukës and member of parliament for the Democratic Party of Albania, served as head of the Albanian Patent Office between 2009 and 2013 under Sali Berisha.

Sula’s successor as head of the Albanian Patent Office was Elvin Lako, a graduate of the Faculty of Law of the University of Tirana. Lako had previously been an inspector at the Department of Internal Administrative Control and Anti-Corruption (DIACA), which performs internal controls on all administrative bodies.

Lako and Emruli
Lako (left) and Emruli (right) signing a bilateral agreement in April 2018.

Lako headed the Albanian Patent Office until November 2019. Some time later in October 2020, he was appointed to his current position with the Central Election Commission (CEC) which is responsible for the oversight of election procedures in Albania. He is currently a member of the Complaints and Sanctions Committee of the CEC.

Elvin Lako
After leaving the Albanian Patent Office, Elvin Lako was appointed to a position with the Central Election Commission in October 2020.

The current head of the Albanian Patent Office is Ledina Beqiraj who was appointed to this position in November 2019. Beqiraj is a graduate of the Luarasi University, a private university established in Tirana in 2003.

Ledina Beqiraj
Ledina Beqiraj was appointed as head of the Albanian Patent Office in November 2019.

Before taking over at the helm of the national “IP” office, Beqiraj was a director at the Albanian Ministry of Culture. She previously worked at the “High Inspectorate of Declaration and Audit of Assets and Conflict of Interest” (HIDAACI). This is the state authority which administers and audits the declaration of assets and financial interests which must be submitted by elected representatives and other senior public officials. According to its website, HIDAACI “collaborates with audit structures and other institutions responsible for the fight against corruption and economic crime”.

Ledina Beqiraj and Safet Emruli
Ledina Beqiraj with Safet Emruli during a visit to the North Macedonian Patent Office in 2019.

It remains to be seen what contribution, if any, Beqiraj will manage to make to the EPO and its governance. Perhaps her previous experience with “audit structures and other institutions responsible for the fight against corruption and economic crime” could be put to good use?

“It remains to be seen what contribution, if any, Beqiraj will manage to make to the EPO and its governance.”We’ll just have to wait and see.

In the next part we will turn our attention to the delegation representing another important member of the EPO’s “Balkan League”, Bulgaria.

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