Links 19/11/2021: Ubuntu Touch OTA-20, Wine 6.22, and PureOS 10 Released

Posted in News Roundup at 6:51 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • A German State Is Saying Goodbye Windows, Hello Linux

        The state parliament of Schleswig-Holstein in Northern Germany has already produced plans to make the state government almost 100% open source by the end of 2026.

        Schleswig-Holstein, the northernmost state in Germany, has plans to move almost entirely open source. By the time the dust settles, the regional government will have all but dropped Windows, Microsoft Office, Zoom and other proprietary software for Linux, LibreOffice, OnlyOffice, and Jitzi.

        FOSS Force first learned of the plans from a post by Mike Saunders, a marketing assistant for the The Document Foundation, the organization behind the open source office suite LibreOffice.

      • Change Desktop Environments on… iOS?

        While Apple’s modern operating systems may seem like they exist independently of the rest of the computing world, they are actually close cousins of modern versions of Linux. The primary link between the two is that Apple’s offerings are Unix-based and even though Linux isn’t Unix in the strict sense, it’s built to be extremely Unix-like. Plenty of Linux software is POSIX-compliant, meaning it is effectively compatible with true Unix. But what can we do with that information? Well, to start, we can run Linux desktop environments on top of an iOS install on your favorite iPhone or iPad.

        To be sure, we will be filing this hack in the “because you can” category. [Torrekie], the creator of this project, has plenty of builds (Google translate from Chinese) where the boundaries between things like Linux and Unix are either blurred or nonexistant. In this particular project, a jailbroken iOS device is essentially gifted a ported version of XFCE which is able to run fairly well on iOS thanks to its compatibility with Unix environments. Details on how this was accomplished are sparse without a full investigation of the source code right now, but you can head over to the repository if you are curious enough to try this for yourself. [Torrekie] does note that this will only work with iOS devices that have been jailbroken using the “unc0ver” jailbreak only though.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • KDE Floating Panels: ALMOST THERE! – Kockatoo Tube
      • Pi Server Upgrade | Self-Hosted 58

        This week we unlock the Pitential of the Compute Module 4 and turn it into a dual gigabit router and Jellyfin server.

        How far can we push it?

        Plus, Alex shares his thoughts on the state of mobile operating systems and the challenges they are imposing on DIYers.

      • Emacs Is A Gaming Platform for Windows, Mac and Linux – Invidious

        Emacs is much more than a text editor. It is its own complete environment

      • Hackaday Podcast 145: Remoticon is On, Movie FX, Cold Plasma, and The Purest Silicon

        With literally just hours to go before the 2021 Hackaday Remoticon kicks off, editors Tom Nardi and Elliot Williams still managed to find time to talk about some of the must-see stories from the last week. There’s fairly heavyweight topics on the docket this time around, from alternate methods of multiplying large numbers to the incredible engineering that goes into producing high purity silicon. But we’ll also talk about the movie making magic of Stan Winston and some Pokemon-themed environmental sensors, so it should all balance out nicely. So long as the Russian’s haven’t kicked off the Kessler effect by the time you tune in, we should be good.

      • How to install Lubuntu 21.10 – Invidious

        In this video, I am going to show how to install Lubuntu 21.10.

      • How Apple’s self-service repair program reveals that they’ve lost their way. – Invidious

        Apple revealed their Self Service Repair program allowing their i̶n̶m̶a̶t̶e̶s̶ users to purchase replacement parts for their iPhones and (eventually) their M1-based Macs. I hope they prove me wrong on this, but I find this to be a cynical step on their part. But what I really want to talk about is the design of the artwork on their announcement post. It follows the “Big Tech” art style called “Corporate Memphis” (also referred to as “globohomo,” among other terms). Apple’s now chasing design trends rather than progressing them. If I didn’t know any better I would think this was just another phone manufacturer’s website.

    • Kernel Space

      • Collabora Brings Flicker-Free Multi GPU Boot and Rockchip H.264 Decoder to Linux 5.15

        Linux kernel 5.15 arrived on Halloween with many great new features, such as a brand new NTFS file system implementation contributed by Parangon Software to finally provide Linux users with fully functional NTFS support, realtime preemption locking, in-kernel SMB3 server, as well as DAMON (Data Access MONitor).

        On top of all that, Linux 5.15 is an LTS (Long-Term Support) kernel branch, which will be supported for at least a couple of years. As usual, Collabora have made some important contributions themselves to the Linux 5.15 LTS kernel series.

      • Linux ITMT Patch Fixes Intel “Alder Lake” Hybrid Handling For Some Systems – Phoronix

        There is a patch pending that improves the Linux kernel’s dealing with the hybrid P and E cores found with Intel’s new Alder Lake processors that will benefit some systems/motherboards.

        For those with Intel 12th Gen Core “Alder Lake” systems, one of the important tidbits of information I recently learned is that while Thread Director is hardware-based, the hybrid P/E core selection under Linux does depend upon the working Intel TurboBoost Max 3.0 / ITMT code path working. The CPU selection within Linux for Alder Lake relies on that ITMT (Intel Turbo Boost Max Technology) scheduling.

      • Updated AMD P-State Driver Posted For Improving Linux Power Efficiency – Phoronix

        A fourth iteration of the AMD P-State CPU frequency scaling driver patches for Linux have been sent out for review and testing.

        This is the amd-pstate driver aiming for better power efficiency on Linux by leveraging ACPI CPPC found with Zen 2 and newer processors. Valve collaborated with AMD on the creation of this new driver that aims to be superior to the generic ACPI CPUFreq driver currently used by AMD processors. This driver has been undergoing public review since September with aims to make it to the mainline kernel.

      • Graphics Stack

        • Mike Blumenkrantz: The Finale

          It’s been a wild year for zink. Does anybody even remember how many times I finished the project? I don’t, but it’s been at least a couple. Somehow there’s still more to do though.

          I’ll be updating zink-wip one final time later today with the latest Copper snapshot. This is going to be crashier than the usual zink-wip, but that’s because zink-wip doesn’t have nearly as much cool future-zink stuff as it used to these days. Nearly everything is already merged into mainline, or at least everything that’s likely to help with general use, so just use that if you aren’t specifically trying to test out Copper.

          One of those things that’s been a thorn in zink’s side for a long time is PBO handling, specifically for unsupported formats like ARGB/ABGR, ALPHA, LUMINANCE, and InTeNsItY. Vulkan has no analogs for any of these, and any app/game which tries to do texture upload or download from them with zink is going to have a very, very bad time, as has been the case with CS:GO, which would take literal days to reach menus due to performing fullscreen GL_LUMINANCE texture downloads.

          This is now fixed in the course of landing compute PBO download support, which I blogged about forever ago since it also yields a 2-10x performance improvement for a number of other cases in all Gallium drivers. Or at least the ones that enable it.

          CS:GO should now run out of the box in Mesa 22.0, and things like PCSX3 which do a lot of PBO downloading should also see huge improvements.

    • Applications

      • Best Free and Open Source Alternatives to Microsoft To Do

        Microsoft’s stance for decades was that community creation and sharing of communal code (later to be known as free and open source software) represented a direct attack on their business. Their battle with Linux stretches back many years. Back in 2001, former Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer famously tarnished Linux “a cancer that attaches itself in an intellectual property sense to everything it touches”. Microsoft also initiated its “Get the Facts” marketing campaign from mid-2003, which specifically criticized Linux server usage, total cost of ownership, security, indemnification and reliability. The campaign was widely criticized for spreading misinformation.

      • vifm: A Terminal File Browser for Hardcore Vim Lovers

        When it comes to navigating through the Linux directory structure in the command line, people often rely on the cd command.

        And nothing wrong with it because you’ll get the cd command on any Linux system you log in.

        However, if the system is maintained by you and you want to have a better view of the directories, a file manager does a lot better than the cd or tree command.

        Yes, you can get file managers in the terminal as well. They may not be as good as the GUI ones like Nautilus but still better than the plain old commands.

      • Ubuntu PPA for Annotator – Elementary OS Image Annotation Tool | UbuntuHandbook

        Linux has quite a few image annotation tools. “Annotator” is the one designed for Elementary OS with specific features. Here’s how to install it in Ubuntu 20.04, Ubuntu 21.10, Ubuntu 22.04 via PPA.

        Without using GIMP image editor, I sometimes uses Shutter to annotate image quickly. As well, Ksnip has some useful tools (e.g., drop shadow, invert color and add border) that I use regularly.

        Annotator is an app looks kinda like MacOS Preview. Like other tools, it allows to add text, rectangle, ellipse, sequence number, line, arrow, blur effect, crop and resize image. What makes it different is the “Magnifier” tool. It adds a circle on your image and enlarge the area inside. By right-clicking on the circle, it offers option to change magnification.

      • Ubuntu Blog: Top 10 apps to boost your productivity

        Winter is rolling in (for those in the Northern Hemisphere at least). Long summer evenings are on hold for now. In these colder months, it can be difficult to get back into work and feel efficient. But whether you are feeling tired, unorganised, or demotivated, there may be an application here to help you refocus and re-energise. Here are a few that have given us the boost we needed to get back on track. There are note-taking apps, habit trackers, calendar organisers, jira editors, drawing tools and even a snap to remind you to take regular breaks. Let’s look back at some of the top productivity-related applications from this year.

      • Firebird 3.0.8 Docker image is released

        Firebird 3.0.8 Docker image is released and the following tags can be used : 3.0, v3.0, v3.0.8 .

      • FWUPD 1.7.2 Released With Fixes, Faster & Smaller Daemon – Phoronix

        FWUPD 1.7.2 is out as the latest release of this leading open-source solution for handling firmware updates under Linux for devices from motherboard UEFI to peripheral firmware.

        FWUPD 1.7.2 adds support for handling exported MTD block devices, tweaking the compiler flags to reduce the install size by around 300 Kb, speeding up the FWUPD daemon startup by ~40% by postponing some work, and a variety of fixes. The fixes range from a possible DFU crash to DLI download troubles and other device-specific corrections.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How To Install Apache with Let’s Encrypt SSL on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Apache with Let’s Encrypt SSL on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Let’s Encrypt is a certificate authority that provides free SSL certificates for websites. All SSL certificates provided by Let’s Encrypt can be used for production/commercial purposes without any costs or fees. This guide will tell you about installing the Apache web server, installing the Certbot, generating an SSL certificate with Certbot, and creating additional SSL configuration to get the A+ from the SSL test SSL Labs.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Apache with free SSL on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

      • How to install and use the HTTP prompt in Linux

        In this article, we are going to discuss the installation process and use cases of HTTP Prompt. HTTP Prompt is an interactive command-line HTTP client which is used for testing and debugging purposes and built on HTTPie and HTTP Toolkit. It has a special feature of auto-complete, interactive, and syntax highlighting. It has other features as well such as auto cookies, Unix-like pipelines, OpenApi/Swagger Integration, and HTTpie compatibility.

      • How to run RethinkDB with Docker and Docker-Compose

        In this guide we are going to explore how to run RethinkDB locally with docker and docker compose. This can be helpful if you want to run RethinkDB locally without installing it in your machine or if you want to run multiple versions of RethinkDB seamlessly.

      • How to play Super Nintendo games on Linux with Higan

        Higan is a multi-system emulator. Previously, Higan was known as Bsnes, a super Nintendo emulator. However, Higan still supports Super Nintendo roms, and in this guide, we’ll show you how to play them with this app.

        Note: AddictiveTips in no way endorses using Higan to play Super Nintendo ROMS that have been illegally downloaded. Please only play games you’ve backed up from your collection.

      • How to Install VirtualBox on Linux and Create Your First Virtual Machine

        Setting up a virtual machine can be a great way to test software or alternative operating systems on your computer without altering or putting your current system at risk.

        Follow along to install VirtualBox on Linux and create your very first virtual machine.

      • How to customize VM and cloud images with guestfish | Enable Sysadmin

        Most sysadmins are used to dealing with base, guest, or gold images to provision new virtual machines (VM) or cloud instances in their traditional virtualization or cloud environments. The appeal of using these images is their slim size, standardization, simplicity, and basic configurations, from which it is possible to perform pre- or post-provisioning customization. Much of the customization takes place post-provisioning.

      • How to install and configure Redis 6 on FreeBSD 13

        Redis is an in-memory data structure store, used as a distributed, in-memory key–value database, cache and message broker, with optional durability. Redis supports different kinds of abstract data structures, such as strings, lists, maps, sets, sorted sets, HyperLogLogs, bitmaps, streams, and spatial indices.

      • Container Layer Analyzer – openQA bites

        Today I’d like to point out an amazing new tool: The Container Layer Analyzer, written by Dan Čermák. Dan also wrote a comprehensive blog post about it, which explains it much better than what I do here.

      • How To Install cPanel on AlmaLinux 8 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install cPanel on cPanel 8. For those of you who didn’t know, cPanel is a commercial enterprise-grade web hosting control panel. It is designed for hosting needs and used by most of the hosting companies for dedicated hosting, semi-dedicated hosting, shared hosting as well as cloud VPS hosting providers. This is one of the best control panels for every web hosting service.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of cPanel on an AlmaLinux 8. You can follow the same instructions for Fedora, RHEL, CentOS, and Rocky Linux distributions.

      • How to Install Discord on Fedora Linux

        It is a boon to several communities, which helps them to expand their projects, reach out to more people, and maintain a community of fans and followers. It’s surprising considering that Discord was originally meant for gamers.

        Discord is available for various platforms, including Linux. In this tutorial, I’ll walk you through the steps for installing Discord in Fedora.

      • How to Install GlassFish Java Server with Nginx as a Reverse Proxy on Debian 11

        GlassFish is an open-source application server used for deploying Java applications. It supports different Java-based technologies including, JPA, JavaServer Faces, JMS, RMI, as well as many other Java-based technologies. It provides a web-based as well as a command-line interface for managing Java applications and their components. GlassFish allows you to create portable and scalable applications that can be easily integrated with legacy technologies.

        In this tutorial, I will show you how to install the Glassfish server with Nginx as a reverse proxy on Debian 11.

      • How to Install Nethogs on Centos 8 – ByteXD

        Nethogs is a small, free, open-source utility used to monitor network traffic for Linux. Nethogs behaves differently from other traffic monitoring tools, as it groups the bandwidth per process, instead of breaking the traffic down per subnet or a protocol. It doesn’t rely on kernel modules to be loaded. Therefore, Linux administrators using Nethogs can easily identify which program is generating utilization spikes.

        Nethogs relies on /proc, so most of the features are only available on Linux therefore, it doesn’t work well for other operating systems such as FreeBSD and Mac OS X. Nethogs tool will only display the connections on these systems without displaying the processes. Nethogs program is useful for monitoring real-time network traffic. Moreover, you can track a specific network interface or all network interfaces using this utility on your system.

        This article will show how to install nethogs on CentOS 8 and we will also explain how to monitor or track network traffic using the nethogs tool.

      • How to Install VirtualBox Guest Additions on Rocky Linux 8 – VITUX

        Running any operating system on a virtual box takes experience. You have to figure out various issues like connectivity issues and performance issues but out of all of them, the graphical issues is an exercise in patience. Not having fullscreen, shared clipboard, and file sharing limit your efficiency but also destroys the whole experience.

        VirtualBox Guest Additions is a beautiful piece of software that solves these issues in a single shot and ensures better display, performance, and overall functionality. Adding Virtualbox Guest Additions used to be very easy but there are a few errors and issues that are coming up with new versions of the operating systems. you have to ensure all the package dependencies are fulfilled.
        In this article, You will learn how to install VirtualBox Guest Additions in the up-and-coming Rocky Linux.

      • How to Install XanMod Kernel on Linux Mint 20 – LinuxCapable

        XanMod is a free, open-source general-purpose Linux Kernel alternative to the stock kernel with Linux Mint 20. It features custom settings and new features and is built to provide a responsive and smooth desktop experience, especially for new hardware. XanMod is popular amongst Linux Gaming, streaming, and ultra-low latency requirements and often boasts the latest Linux Kernels, having multiple branches to choose from the stable, edge, and development.

        For users seeking to have their system kernel up to date and not wanting to manually install kernels or use the testing/unstable repositories, installing a third-party kernel may be for you.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to import the XanMod repository and install the latest Linux Kernel on your Linux Mint 20.xx operating system.

      • How to Install osTicket on Debian 11 Bullseye – Linux Shout

        Here in this tutorial, we will install the OSTicket open source support ticketing system on Debian 11 Bullseye using Apache, PHP, and MySQL, or MariaDB.

        osTicket offers free, open-source ticket management and customer care solutions for businesses of all sizes, especially small and medium-sized businesses. The software can be used to capture tickets and assign custom fields to each ticket, creating a list of data associated with each ticket that can be shared with customers in the knowledge base. You can create automatic reply templates for incoming email tickets, and rich text HTML lets you add your logo, images, and videos to tickets.

        With the ticket filter tool provided by osTicket, you can define routing rules for tickets so that tickets are sent to the correct person or department. Tickets can also be reassigned if not received by the correct person, and notes on all actions are logged in the ticket thread. The ticketing software helps to further streamline operations by preventing agent collisions using the ticket lock tool. Other features include an autoresponder, customer portal, and dashboard reports.

      • How to install Erlang on FreeBSD 13– Citizix

        Erlang is a functional, general-purpose, concurrent programming language and garbage-collected runtime environment built for concurrency, fault tolerance, and distributed application architectures. It is supported and maintained by Ericsson OTP product unit.

      • How to install pgAdmin 4 version 6.2 on Ubuntu 21.10

        In this tutorial guide I will be taking through the installation of pgAdmin 4 version 6.2 on Ubuntu 21.10.

        pgAdmin 4 is free and opensource management tool for Postgres. Its desktop runtime written in NWjs allows it to run standalone for individual users, or the web applications code may be directly deployed on a web server for use by the web browser.

        pgAdmin 4 is a complete rewrite of pgAdmin, built using Python and Java

      • How to install and configure Redis 6 on Ubuntu 20.04

        Redis is an in-memory data structure store, used as a distributed, in-memory key–value database, cache and message broker, with optional durability. Redis supports different kinds of abstract data structures, such as strings, lists, maps, sets, sorted sets, HyperLogLogs, bitmaps, streams, and spatial indices.

        In this tutorial we are going to learn how to install Redis 6 on Ubuntu 20.04.

      • How to install RabbitMQ in FreeBSD 13 – Citizix

        In this guide we will explore how to install the latest release of RabbitMQ On a FreeBSD Server or Workstation

        RabbitMQ is an open source message broker software that implements the Advanced Message Queuing Protocol (AMQP). RabbitMQ works by receiving messages from publishers (applications that publish them) and routes them to consumers (applications that process them).

    • Wine or Emulation

      • Wine 6.22 Announcement
        The Wine development release 6.22 is now available.
        What's new in this release (see below for details):
          - Mono engine updated to version 7.0.0.
          - Exception unwinding on ARM.
          - More improvements to HID joystick support.
          - WoW64 thunks in a number of Unix libraries.
          - Beginnings of moving USER32 to Win32u.
          - Various bug fixes.
        The source is available from the following locations:
        Binary packages for various distributions will be available from:
        You will find documentation on https://www.winehq.org/documentation
        You can also get the current source directly from the git
        repository. Check https://www.winehq.org/git for details.
        Wine is available thanks to the work of many people. See the file
        AUTHORS in the distribution for the complete list.
      • Wine 6.22 Released With Mono 7.0, Joystick Improvements

        Wine 6.22 is out as the latest bi-weekly development release of this open-source software for running Windows games and applications on Linux and other platforms like macOS and FreeBSD. Wine 6.22 brings more improvements while the Wine 7.0 stable release is inching closer.

        We’ll likely see the freeze begin in December for Wine 7.0. In fact, last year at this time down to the very week after Wine 5.22 the Wine 6.0 release preparations began in working towards its January release. The same dance will likely begin soon for Wine 7.0.

    • Games

      • Seek the truth

        After more than 10 years of development, the ScummVM Team is pleased to announce support for the psychological-horror adventure game Sanitarium.

      • Proton Experimental update fixes up DEATHLOOP, Forza Horizon 5 and more | GamingOnLinux

        More fixes made their way into Proton Experimental yesterday, with Valve / CodeWeavers fixing up some issues in a few different games. What is Proton? It’s a compatibility layer designed to run Windows games from Steam on Linux. See more about it in our full guide.

      • Deck-building RPG Xenotheria looks like it’s worth keeping an eye on | GamingOnLinux

        Ganymede Games have announced Xenotheria, a story-driven deck-building RPG with turn-based combat with plans to support Linux at the full release.

        “Xenotheria takes place on Wolf Prime, a sprawling desert planet that’s home to the galaxy’s most important trading port. A seemingly ordinary day quickly turns chaotic after a mysterious, cataclysmic event. What follows can only be described as a shower of spaceships, satellites and orbital stations raining down havoc on the innocent souls of Wolf Prime. One of those souls is Squiggles, a hard-working spaceship construction yard worker with a heart of gold.

      • Kingdom Two Crowns: Norse Lands expansion is out now | GamingOnLinux

        Kingdom Two Crowns: Norse Lands is a brand new expansion for the popular mix of strategy and exploration from publisher Raw Fury and developers Stumpy Squid / Fury Studios.

        This expansion brings with it a new land to explore, inspired by Norse Viking culture with a whole new campaign to expand the world. In Norse Lands, players can look forward to unleashing abilities drawn upon from Norse gods, commanding mighty units, building Viking- inspired armaments, solving challenging puzzles, and facing a new enemy Greed.

      • Nobodies: After Death is a point & click where you clean up after assassins | GamingOnLinux

        Nobodies: After Death is another point & click game where you’re part of the cleaning crew for a top-secret intelligence agency from developer Blyts. The second game of its kind from Blyts, following on from Nobodies: Murder Cleaner released in 2019 which was actually pretty good.

        “You are a ‘cleaner’ for a top-secret intelligence agency. Your mission is to hide all evidence of carefully planned murders, leaving no sign that you or the target were ever there.

      • Set off chain reactions in the explosive upcoming Bomb Club Deluxe | GamingOnLinux

        Bomb Club Deluxe is an upcoming casual comedy game about setting off many explosions across hundreds of levels from Antoine Latour and Lozange Lab (Swim Out / Rip Them Off).

        Looking over the details, it plays out like a puzzle game with you need to place the right type of bomb in the right location, to set off a chain reaction of all the other bombs going off to complete a level and it sure does look fun.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • 15 Best GNOME Extensions for Ubuntu (2021 Edition)

          Well, how about here, with this list of the best GNOME Shell extensions for Ubuntu.

          This roundup makes an ideal starting point for anyone looking to experiment with GNOME extensions on their Ubuntu install, regardless of which version it is.

          Better yet, this roundup is fully up-to-date for 2021 and only includes GNOME extensions that are actively maintained and work with Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (and up).

          Read on to discover some truly great add-ons!

        • Emmanuele Bassi: Fair Weather Friends

          Today I released libgweather-3.90.0, the first developers snapshot of GWeather 4….

        • Felix Häcker: #19 Updated Calculations

          Update on what happened across the GNOME project in the week from November 12 to November 19.

    • Distributions

      • Discover Slitaz, a 50MB Lightweight Desktop Operating System

        Slitaz GNU/Linux is an Swiss computer operating system that is user-friendly, super lightweight and very fast to install, with a spider logo, for both desktop and server. It can run on a quarter of a GB memory. Its installation image is only fifty megabytes, full desktop included, with LiveCD capability. We overview Slitaz in this article with short highlights on where you can get it, available versions and how its desktops and applications are. Happy discovering!

      • What is Clear Linux? — Most Powerful Operating System in 2022

        The most powerful Operating and Best Kept Secret of 2021. There is a new kid on the block, Clear Linux by Intel.

      • SUSE/OpenSUSE

        • Ruby, Plasma, GTK Update in Tumbleweed

          There were a total of four openSUSE Tumbleweed snapshots released this week.

          Snapshot 20211117 gave KDE users the Plasma 5.23.3 update. The bug-fix release had changes for the systemsettings5 package, which had a fix for a touchscreen click. The plasma-desktop had a fix involving drag and drop that reset a position and overlap; the package also had a fix showing an inactive kwin console. The kwin package also made some fixes that prevented crashing of screencasting and provided a couple fixes for Wayland. The update of kplotting was the single KDE Frameworks 5.88.0 package updated in the snapshot; the rest came in the previous day’s snapshot. Xfce users also had an update in the snapshot with xfce4-whiskermenu-plugin 2.6.2, which provided a fix for the menu not toggling after pressing escape. The package also fixed shifting the background when showing the menu. Other packages to update in the snapshot were fribidi 1.0.11 and restorecond 3.3, which is a daemon that watches for file creation.

        • openSUSE Tumbleweed – Review of the week 2021/46

          Dear Tumbleweed users and hackers,

          This week, we had a little bit of a fight with our snapshots in openQA: not because of openQA, but actually because some issues could not have been in staging but became visible in the full product tests (e.g. ncurses memory leak, which manifested while installing a full Tumbleweed fro the net installer). So, out of the 7 snapshots produced and tested, we only managed to publish 3 (1111, 1116, and 1117).

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Dynamic scheduling of Tekton workloads using Triggers | Opensource.com

          Tekton is a Kubernetes-native continuous integration and delivery (CI/CD) framework. It allows you to create containerized, composable, and configurable workloads declaratively through Kubernetes Custom Resource Definitions (CRD).

        • Improve multicore scaling in Open vSwitch DPDK

          A new feature in version 2.16 of Open vSwitch (OVS) helps developers scale the OVS-DPDK userspace datapath to use multiple cores. The Data Plane Development Kit (DPDK) is a popular set of networking libraries and drivers that provide fast packet processing and I/O.

          After reading this article, you will understand the new group assignment type for spreading the datapath workload across multiple cores, how this type differs from the default cycles assignment type, and how to use the new type in conjunction with the auto load balance feature in the poll mode driver (PMD) to improve OVS-DPDK scaling.

        • Hybrid work model: 3 ways to simplify yours

          Last year’s expedited shift to remote work did not give business leaders much time to map out a thoughtful out-of-office setup for employees. But the challenges leaders have faced over the past year and a half have led to a better understanding of how to lead a hybrid workforce – and how to simplify the hybrid work model.

        • Remi Collet: PHP version 7.3.33, 7.4.26 and 8.0.13

          RPMs of PHP version 8.0.13 are available in remi repository for Fedora 35 and remi-php80 repository for Fedora 33-34 and Enterprise Linux (RHEL, CentOS).

          RPMs of PHP version 7.4.26 are available in remi repository for Fedora 33-34 and remi-php74 repository Enterprise Linux (RHEL, CentOS).

          RPMs of PHP version 7.3.33 are available in remi-php73 repository for Enterprise Linux (RHEL, CentOS).

        • Red Hat Satellite 6.10.1 has been released

          We are pleased to announce that Red Hat Satellite 6.10.1 is generally available as of November 18, 2021.

          Red Hat Satellite is part of the Red Hat Smart Management subscription that makes it easier for enterprises to manage patching, provisioning, and subscription management of Red Hat Enterprise Linux infrastructure.

        • Putting security into DevOps is tougher than it looks [Ed: Red Hat fluff. The Register is dead. “PAID FEATURE” it discloses at the top… so they’ve quit journalism and are just posting junk for deep-pocketed companies/people who pay them to do it; The Register has been increasingly compromised this past year.]

          If software development has absorbed a single lesson in the last two decades it’s that there’s an urgent need to integrate security at an early stage rather than leaving flaws to rot dangerously inside compiled code. Optimistically, dubbed shift left, the trick has been working out what this means in an era undergoing an historic transformation of development models.

          In monolithic, linear development, implementing shift left was about adding a security checking stage earlier in the coding lifecycle. This was never easy and, the complaint went, slowed everything down, but the pileup of vulnerability disasters told the industry something had to change. One case study was Microsoft’s then novel Security Development Lifecycle (SDL) of the early 2000s.

          Today, however, coding is increasingly defined by cloud native applications, agile development, and infrastructure as code (IaC), coordinated using continuous deployment platforms such as Kubernetes. In this world of high-velocity DevOps, the idea of early intervention is stretched to breaking point. Code is created, tested, and deployed at incredible speed.

        • Fedora Community Blog: Friday’s Fedora Facts: 2021-46

          Here’s your weekly Fedora report. Read what happened this week and what’s coming up. Your contributions are welcome (see the end of the post)!

          Fedora Linux 33 will reach end of life on Tuesday 30 November. The F35 retrospective survey is open through 4 December.

          I have weekly office hours on Wednesdays in the morning and afternoon (US/Eastern time) in #fedora-meeting-1. Drop by if you have any questions or comments about the schedule, Changes, elections, or anything else. See the upcoming meetings for more information.

        • Near Zero Downtime maintenance with RHEL for SAP Solutions [Ed: IBM Red Hat -- like SUSE -- is shilling SAP's proprietary software again, as if for GNU/Linux to win this is what's required]
      • EasyOS Development

        • Home button fixed in ROX-Filer

          At the top of a ROX-Filer window, there is an icon of a house, mouseover shows “Change to home directory”. Clicking that icon changes the window to the /root folder.

        • Mesa now has r600 and radeonsi drivers

          Folder /usr/lib/dri has drivers that provide hardware acceleration for libGL.

        • Package libxres compiled

          I was recently compiling a source package, forget what it was, might have been xfce, it required a dependency ‘libxres”. OK, it is a small library, might as well include it in the build, so now compiled in OpenEmbedded and added to the EasyOS package-list.

      • Debian Family

        • True Convergence is Here: PureOS 10 is Released for all Librem Products

          Purism has released its latest version of its convergent operating system (OS), PureOS 10, code named Byzantium. PureOS is a freedom respecting, free software OS that is neither based on Android nor iOS. Endorsed by the Free Software Foundation it is now the default operating system installed on all Librem products, including the

          PureOS is the first truly convergent operating system, where the same OS is used for laptops, desktops, and mobile.

          The new version, PureOS 10, is now the default for Purism’s Librem laptops, phones, and mini-computers. “Making the same OS convergent across mobile, laptop, and desktop computers is a dream many big technology companies have, but so far none have achieved. It’s taken a lot of investment and work to make PureOS 10 an OS with true convergence, and now it’s a dream come true.” said Kyle Rankin, Chief Security Officer at Purism.

        • Purism’s Librem 5 Linux smartphone costs $1199 after the latest price hike

          The Purism Librem 5 was one the most powerful smartphone capable of running mainline Linux software when the first units began shipping in limited quantities a few years ago. But it’s also one of the most expensive – and that’s even more true after a price hike that took effect this month.

          When Purism launched a crowdfunding campaign for the Librem 5 in 2017, backers could pre-order the phone for $599. The price has gone up several times since then, and now the Librem 5 costs twice as much.

        • Raven Reader

          There is a new application available for Sparkers: Raven Reader

        • Neil Williams: git worktrees

          You could go to the trouble of making a new directory and re-cloning the same tree. However, a local commit in one tree is then not accessible to the other tree.

          You could commit everything every time, but with a dirty tree, that involves sorting out the .gitignore rules as well. That could well be pointless with an experimental change.

          Git worktrees allow multiple filesystems from a single git tree. Commits on any branch are visible from other branches, even when the commit was on a different worktree. This makes things like cherry-picking easy, without needing to push pointless changes or branches.

          Branches on a worktree can be rebased as normal, with the benefit that commit hashes from other local changes are available for reference and cherry-picks.

          I’m sure git worktrees are not new. However, I’ve only started using them recently and others have asked about how the worktree operates.

        • Bits from Debian: New Debian Developers and Maintainers (September and October 2021) [Ed: GNU/Linux is now used more than ever before, much of it in use is Debian-based distros, yet Debian got only one new developer (DD) per month lately]

          The following contributors got their Debian Developer accounts in the last two months:

          Bastian Germann (bage)
          Gürkan Myczko (tar)

          The following contributors were added as Debian Maintainers in the last two months:

          Clay Stan
          Daniel Milde
          David da Silva Polverari
          Sunday Cletus Nkwuda
          Ma Aiguo
          Sakirnth Nagarasa


      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • Lilbits: A smartphone with a smartwatch on the back, mini PCs, and Linux for phones, PCs, and servers
        • Ubuntu Touch OTA-20 Release | UBports

          Ubuntu Touch is the privacy and freedom-respecting mobile operating system by UBports. Today we are happy to announce the release of Ubuntu Touch OTA-20, our twentieth stable update to the system! OTA-20 will become available for the following supported Ubuntu Touch devices over the next week:

          BQ E4.5 Ubuntu Edition
          BQ E5 HD Ubuntu Edition
          BQ M10 (F)HD Ubuntu Edition
          BQ U Plus
          Cosmo Communicator
          F(x)tec Pro1
          Fairphone 2
          Fairphone 3
          Google Pixel 2XL
          Google Pixel 3a
          Huawei Nexus 6P
          LG Nexus 4
          LG Nexus 5
          Meizu MX4 Ubuntu Edition
          Meizu Pro 5 Ubuntu Edition
          Nexus 7 2013 (Wi-Fi and LTE models)
          OnePlus 2
          OnePlus 3 and 3T
          Oneplus 5 and 5T
          OnePlus 6 and 6T
          OnePlus One
          Samsung Galaxy Note 4 (910F, 910P, 910T)
          Samsung Galaxy S3 Neo+ (GT-I9301I)
          Sony Xperia X
          Sony Xperia X Compact
          Sony Xperia X Performance
          Sony Xperia XZ
          Sony Xperia Z4 Tablet (LTE or Wi-fi only)
          Vollaphone X
          Xiaomi Mi A2
          Xiaomi Mi A3
          Xiaomi Mi MIX 3
          Xiaomi Poco F1
          Xiaomi Redmi 3s/3x/3sp (land)
          Xiaomi Redmi 4X
          Xiaomi Redmi 7
          Xiaomi Redmi Note 7 and 7 Pro
          Xiaomi Redmi 9 and 9 Prime
          Xiaomi Redmi Note 9, 9 Pro, 9 Pro Max and 9S

        • UBports releases its twentieth stable update of Ubuntu Touch

          Do you remember several years ago when all the tech firms wanted in on the mobile space but were more or less forced out due to Apple’s and Google’s market dominance? One of the players was Canonical which was aiming for true convergence across desktop, tablets, and phones. Canonical ended up shelving that ambitious goal but its mobile operating system, Ubuntu Touch, was picked up by the UBports Foundation and that organisation has just published OTA-20, the twentieth stable release of Ubuntu Touch.

          Building and maintaining an operating system is no easy job which explains why Ubuntu Touch OTA-20 is still based on the archaic Ubuntu 16.04 which came out more than five years ago. Nevertheless, the team is still working away on improvements. In this update, LED notification support was added for devices with the Halium 9 base. If your device is newer and doesn’t have an LED light, vibration support for incoming notifications has also been added. Other new features include support for Khmer and Bengali fonts and the ability to define a custom notification sound by picking any audio file.

        • Ubuntu Touch OTA-20 Released for Linux Phones, Here’s What’s New

          Still based on the Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus) operating system series, Ubuntu Touch OTA-20 is a maintenance update that introduces support for the notification LED and vibration for incoming notifications on Halium 9 devices, such as OnePlus 6, OnePlus 6T, Xiaomi Mi A2, Xiaomi Mi 6, and others.

          However, the devs note the fact that some recent devices with a Halium 9 base do not have a notification LED, so this new feature doesn’t apply to them. These include the Volla Phone and Google Pixel 3a.

        • Distrowatch Top 5 Distributions Review: Linux Mint

          Besides the couple of negatives I listed earlier, I really don’t have much negative to say about Linux Mint. It’s got graphical tools for driver installations, it’s got great support, it’s based on one of the most commonly used OS’s in the Linux World, and it’s a system that even first-time users can enjoy. Cinnamon is a gorgeous Desktop Environment for those who enjoy more traditional layouts similar to Windows, and it’s highly customizable too. I highly recommend anyone who hasn’t used it yet, check this OS out.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Open-Source Apache CloudStack 4.16 Improves Cloud IaaS

        The Apache CloudStack project’s second major milestone release of 2021 improves storage and Kubernetes integration for the cloud platform.

      • Web Browsers

        • Mozilla

          • Thousands of Firefox users accidentally commit login cookies on GitHub [Ed: Microsoft just doesn’t care about security and the media is paid to blame the victims for Microsoft’s own problems]

            Thousands of Firefox cookie databases containing sensitive data are available on request from GitHub repositories, data potentially usable for hijacking authenticated sessions.

            These cookies.sqlite databases normally reside in the Firefox profiles folder. They’re used to store cookies between browsing sessions. And they’re findable by searching GitHub with specific query parameters, what’s known as a search “dork.”

            Aidan Marlin, a security engineer at London-based rail travel service Trainline, alerted The Register to the public availability of these files after reporting his findings through HackerOne and being told by a GitHub representative that “credentials exposed by our users are not in scope for our Bug Bounty program.”


            “I’m frustrated that GitHub isn’t taking its users’ security and privacy seriously,” Marlin told The Register in an email. “The least it could do is prevent results coming up for this GitHub dork. If the individuals who uploaded these cookie databases were made aware of what they’d done, they’d s*** their pants.”

          • Mozilla Performance Blog: Upgrading Page Load Tests to Use Mitmproxy 7

            mitmproxy is a third-party tool that we use to record and play back page loads in Firefox to detect performance regressions.

            The page load is “recorded” to a file: the page is loaded while mitmproxy is running, and the proxy logs all requests and responses made and saves them to a file.

            The page load can then be played back from this file; each response and request (referred to as a “flow”) made during the recording is played back without accessing the live site.

            Recorded page load tests are valuable for detecting performance regressions in Firefox because they are not dependent on changes to the site we are testing. If we tested using only live sites, it would be much more difficult to tell if a regression was caused by changes in Firefox or changes in the site being tested.

            So, as we run these tests over time, we have a history of how Firefox performs when replaying the same recording again and again, helping us to detect performance regressions that may be caused by recent changes to our code base.

          • When you use Bing to search for Chrome or Firefox, this is what happens instead.

            Microsoft can’t just put on their big boy pants and admit that people don’t like Edge and don’t want to use Edge.

            This reeks of desperation. But then, we didn’t suspect it would end with the paid shitposting about Edge on GNU/Linux or with the million ways you can accidentally launch Edge in Windows Vista SP11. Did we?

      • Programming/Development

        • Mike Hommey: Announcing git-cinnabar 0.5.8

          Git-cinnabar is a git remote helper to interact with mercurial repositories. It allows to clone, pull and push from/to mercurial remote repositories, using git.

        • Evgeni Golov: A String is not a String, and that’s Groovy!

          Halloween is over, but I still have some nightmares to share with you, so sit down, take some hot chocolate and enjoy :)

          When working with Jenkins, there is almost no way to avoid writing Groovy. Well, unless you only do old style jobs with shell scripts, but y’all know what I think about shell scripts…

          Anyways, Eric have been rewriting the jobs responsible for building Debian packages for Foreman to pipelines (and thus Groovy).

        • Looking for Qt Champions – 2021!

          Who do you think should be a Qt Champion? Nominate the champions you know right now!

        • Perl/Raku

        • Rust

          • Rebecca Rumbul named new CEO of The Rust Foundation • The Register

            The Rust Foundation – the US non-profit behind the programming language since Mozilla let the team go – has picked a new CEO: Rebecca Rumbul, formerly director of research and engagement at digital democracy charity mySociety, and before that the Privacy Collective.

            Dr Rumbul’s appointment at the relatively new foundation reflects the growing importance of the Rust language – which can be seen from the foundation’s list of members. Facebook is using it, as is Google, Microsoft, various Linux kernel developers, and Linux lappy vendor System76. There are even a couple of Rust-based OSes, Redox and Theseus.

    • Standards/Consortia

  • Leftovers

    • Popsicle-Stick Piano Sounds Sweet | Hackaday

      Technically, this is a kalimbaphone, and not a piano or even a chordophone since there are no strings. But this handcrafted instrument doesn’t just sound sweet, it’s also mellow, and it’s much nicer than you’re probably imagining. Go check out the short build video, which starts with a demo.

    • Electric Mini Rat Rod Starts ‘Em Young | Hackaday

      These days, a lot of people barely even say hello to their neighbors. But not [dewey302]. They’re so tight with the people next door that they built this bad-ass electric mini rat rod for the neighbors’ five-year-old kid. Talk about community!

      Nearly every bit of this rod is recycled — the body is a wheelbarrow, the transaxle is from a mobility scooter, and the frame was welded together from scrap tubing including the wheelbarrow itself, and old bike or two, and some broken lawn chairs. The rear wheels are also from the ‘barrow, though the front ones were purchased (one of few new parts. Power comes from a pair of 18 V tool batteries wired in series and running through the Curtis controller from the scooter. Depending on the weight of the driver, this baby will do 10-12 MPH.

    • Science

      • There were Almost Jet Packs on the Moon

        Here it is almost 2022 and we still don’t have our jet packs. But don’t feel bad. NASA astronauts wanted a lunar jetpack, but they didn’t get one either. [Amy] at The Vintage Space has an interesting video about what almost was, and you can see it below.

        Of course, a jet pack on the moon would be easier than an Earthbound one. The goal was to allow the crew to range further from their lander since they couldn’t carry very much and the lander didn’t have a lot of consumables, either. In addition, if you lost sight of the lander, getting back could be a problem since navigating on the moon was an unknown skill.

        In 1969 awarded exploratory contracts for lunar personal flying vehicles including one to Bell who had their Earth-bound jet pack that shows up every so often for example in Bond movies.

    • Hardware

      • Cheap Big Servo For Robot Arm | Hackaday

        [Skyentific] is looking to push the hobbyist robotics state of the art. Motors and their gears, the actuators, are typically the most expensive part. For his build, he realised he needed big servos capable of delivering plenty of torque. Thus, he set about creating a 3D-printed design to get the job done on a budget. (Video, embedded below.)

        Stepper motors are the order of the day here, chosen for their low cost compared to brushless solutions, particularly when taking control hardware into account. In this design, the stepper motor drives a sun gear as part of a bigger planetary gearbox with a high gear ratio. Cross-roller bearings are used to allow the servo to effectively handle both radial and axial loads. The servo as a whole is designed to fit neatly into the joints of the robot arm itself, and has external mounting points provisioned as such.

      • N64 Mini PC Conversion Includes All The Trimmings | Hackaday

        We’ve seen quite a few retro gaming consoles physically modded to house modern emulation hardware, but the NUC-64 by [RetroModder] stands out as one of the most impressive Nintendo 64 guttings that we’ve seen to date.

        Observed from the front, the NUC-64 almost resembles a stock Nintendo console. The project’s name is printed across the vestigial cartridge slot, and two suspiciously modern wireless networking antennas can be seen poking out from the back. The console’s modifications are fully revealed when looking at it from the rear – gone is the power brick socket, which now houses the I/O for the replacement motherboard. A custom 3D printed I/O shield keeps everything looking neat and tidy.

      • Pushing Photos Through Wires

        In some ways, when I became a graphic designer in the newspaper industry, I had it easy. By that time, wire photos were already being transmitted primarily over the internet, and those that weren’t could quickly be scanned into a digital format via a flatbed scanner. To place those images on the page, all I had to do was hit a key command, and suddenly, I was ready to paste an image in. A lot of things had to happen to get us to that point, and one of those things was a process called phototelegraphy. This concept, essentially, refers to the process of distributing images via wires or through the radio, something that we’ve covered in other ways previously, but not directly. In many ways, it cuts to the heart of why we call wire services wire services. And because I love newspapers, I’m going to tell you all about them. Today’s Tedium talks about formative efforts to spread photographs far and wide.

      • The Silent Dripper Dispenses Water Without Making Any Sound | Hackaday

        Engineering is all about making a design that conforms to a set of requirements. Usually those are boring things like cost, power consumption, volume, mass or compatibility with existing systems. But sometimes, you have to design something with restrictions you might have never considered. [Devon Bray] was tasked with designing a system that could dispense single drops of water, while making absolutely no noise. [Devon]’s blog describes in detail the process of making The Silent Dripper, which was needed for an art installation called The Tender Interval by [Sara Dittrich].

        The design process started with picking a proper pump. Centrifugal pumps can be very quiet due to their smooth, continuous motion, but are not suitable for moving small quantities of liquid. Peristaltic pumps on the other hand can generate single drops of liquid very accurately, but their gripping-and-squeezing motion creates far more sound. [Devon] still went for the latter type, and eventually discovered that filling up the pumping mechanism with lithium grease made it quiet enough for his purpose.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Dynatrace : Managed release notes version 1.230
        • Security

          • SkyFail. 6 million routers left exposed

            DNS rebinding is a technique that allows an attacker to bypass the Same-origin policy, a defence implemented in web browsers to prevent web applications interacting with different domains without the user’s consent.

            This can be exploited when a user visits a malicious web page under the control of the attacker.

          • diffoscope 193 released

            The diffoscope maintainers are pleased to announce the release of diffoscope version 193. T

          • Security updates for Friday

            Security updates have been issued by Arch Linux (chromium, grafana, kubectl-ingress-nginx, and opera), Debian (netkit-rsh and salt), Fedora (freeipa and samba), Mageia (opensc, python-django-filter, qt4, tinyxml, and transfig), openSUSE (opera and transfig), Red Hat (devtoolset-11-annobin, devtoolset-11-binutils, and llvm-toolset:rhel8), SUSE (php72 and php74), and Ubuntu (mailman and thunderbird).

          • This new Linux malware targets ecommerce sites ahead of Black Friday [Ed: Mayank Sharma should know better; this isn't the fault of Linux and moreover he has added the smear against Go just because people can write malicious programs in Go (as they can in any other language)]

            The malicious agent, dubbed linux_avp is written in Golang, and was discovered by researchers at Sansec, who were approached by an affected merchant who couldn’t seem to get rid of malware from his store.

          • New Rowhammer Technique [Ed: We have states and so-called 'tech' companies putting back doors in all their stuff and yet we're meant to focus on theoretical attacks of this oddball nature]

            Rowhammer is an attack technique involving accessing — that’s “hammering” — rows of bits in memory, millions of times per second, with the intent of causing bits in neighboring rows to flip. This is a side-channel attack, and the result can be all sorts of mayhem.

          • DDR4 memory protections are broken wide open by new Rowhammer technique

            Rowhammer exploits that allow unprivileged attackers to change or corrupt data stored in vulnerable memory chips are now possible on virtually all DDR4 modules due to a new approach that neuters defenses chip manufacturers added to make their wares more resistant to such attacks.

          • This Week in Security: Intel Atoms Spill Secrets, ICMP Poisons DNS, and The Blacksmith

            Intel has announced CVE-2021-0146, a vulnerability in certain processors based on the Atom architecture, and the Trusted Platform Module (TPM) is at the center of the problem. The goal of the system around the TPM is to maintain system integrity even in the case of physical access by an attacker, so the hard drive is encrypted using a key stored in a secure chip on the motherboard. The TPM chip holds this encryption key and provides it during the boot process. When combined with secure boot, this is a surprisingly effective way to prevent tampering or data access even in the case of physical access. It’s effective, at least, when nothing goes wrong.

            Earlier this year, we covered a story where the encryption key could be sniffed directly from the motherboard, by tapping the traces connecting the TPM to the CPU. It was pointed out that TPM 2.0 can encrypt the disk encryption key on the traces, making this attack impossible.

            The entire Trusted Compute Model is based on the premise that the CPU itself is trustworthy. This brings us back to Intel’s announcement that a debug mode could be enabled via physical access. In this debug mode, the CPU master key can be extracted, leading to complete compromise. The drive encryption key can be recovered, and unsigned firmware can be loaded to the Management Engine. This means data in the TPM enclave and the TPM-stored encryption key can be compromised. Updated firmware is rolling out through motherboard vendors to address the problem.

          • Privacy/Surveillance

    • Environment

    • Finance

      • The Zero Hour with RJ Eskow

        Whitney joins RJ Eskow of the Zero Hour to discuss the efforts of Wall Street banks and Central banks to monetize and take ownership of the natural world through the recently created Natural Asset Corporations and the UN-backed Glasgow Financial Alliance for Net Zero

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • From Myanmar to Sudan, autocratic regimes have weaponised internet shutdowns. Time to fight back.

        Internet censorship is nearly as old as the internet itself. While much of the theorizing about the early internet viewed it as a free and open space for the exchange of new ideas, a number of governments had different ideas about its potential.

        While China is well-known for its sophisticated internet censorship apparatus, several governments across the Middle East and North Africa — including Tunisia, Saudi Arabia, and Syria—were early adopters of certain censorship tactics such as keyword filtering and DNS tampering. Similar to China, these countries targeted a range of content, including sites that offered information about human rights violations, sex, and certain religions, as well as those that encouraged political opposition.

        But in recent years, governments have taken the more decidedly extreme tactic of cutting off internet access entirely, depriving their citizens of a lifeline to the world…and each other, a tactic that Human Rights Watch has rightly called “collective punishment.”

      • Ideas | Facebook is bad at moderating in English. In Arabic, it’s a disaster. – Rest of World

        For many, the Facebook Papers come as no surprise. As a Palestinian digital rights advocate, the recent revelations perfectly describe and validate the archetypal experience of Palestinians and millions of others generating daily content outside the U.S.

        For years, activists and civil society organizations have warned of Facebook’s negligence of non-English speaking regions, and its deeply discriminatory content moderation structure which have served to silence globally marginalized voices, not empower them. Yet Facebook, at every ebb and flow, has chosen profit over people.

        The thousands of pages of leaked documents now provide incontestable evidence, finally laying to rest one of the biggest claims repeatedly made by Facebook and its leadership since the heyday of the Arab Spring: Safety and freedom of expression are not afforded to all users equally, but are rather dictated by the company’s market interests and bottom line.

      • Digital world seen moving into ‘authoritarian space’ | Reuters

        From blocking websites to forcing companies to share user data, governments – including democracies – are increasingly resorting to “authoritarian” methods to control the internet, tech experts warned on Thursday.

        Governments like China and Russia are blocking social media content, requiring firms to submit to data surveillance, and silencing journalists and activists online, panelists told the Thomson Reuters Foundation’s annual Trust Conference.

        “The digital world is increasingly moving into an authoritarian space,” said Alina Polyakova, head of the Center for European Policy Analysis, a U.S.-based think-tank.

      • Web trust dies in darkness: Hidden Certificate Authorities undermine public crypto infrastructure

        Security researchers have checked the web’s public key infrastructure and have measured a long-known but little-analyzed security threat: hidden root Certificate Authorities.

        Certificate Authorities, or CAs, vouch for the digital certificates we use to establish trust online. You can be reasonably confident that your bank website is actually your bank website when it presents your browser with an end-user or leaf certificate that’s linked through a chain of trust to an intermediate certificate and ultimately the X.509 root certificate of a trusted CA.

        Each browser relies on a trust store consisting of a hundred or so root certificates that belong to a smaller set of organizations. Mozilla’s CA Certificate List for example currently has 151 certs representing 53 organizations.

        Some of the more well-known CAs in the US include IdenTrust, DigiCert, Sectigo, and Let’s Encrypt.

    • Monopolies

Links 19/11/2021: Arcan 0.6.1 and FreeBSD 12.3 RC2

Posted in News Roundup at 5:38 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • Arcan 0.6.1

        Time for another fairly beefy Arcan release. For those thinking in semantic versioning still surprised at the change-set versus version number here (‘just a minor update?’) do recall that as per the roadmap, disregarding the optimistic timeline, we work with release-rarely-build-yourself thematic versions until that fated 1.0 where we switch to semantic and release-often.

        On that scale, 0.5.x was the display server role, 0.6.x is focused on the networking layer as the main feature and development driver. 0.7.x will be improving audio and some missing compatibility/3D/VR bits. Then it gets substantially easier/faster – 0.8.x will be optimization and performance. 0.9.x will be security — hardening attack surface, verification of protections, continuous fuzzing infrastructure and so on.

    • Server

      • Istio 1.12 Upgrade Notes

        When you upgrade from Istio 1.10.0 or 1.11.0 to Istio 1.12.0, you need to consider the changes on this page. These notes detail the changes which purposefully break backwards compatibility with Istio 1.10.0 and 1.11.0. The notes also mention changes which preserve backwards compatibility while introducing new behavior. Changes are only included if the new behavior would be unexpected to a user of Istio 1.12.0.

      • Istio 1.12 Change Notes
    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to use DD command and how to burn ISO using it – Unixcop the Unix / Linux the admins deams

        Copying your data as well as backing them up is a day-to-day tasks that we perform regularly. Thus we need a utility to perform these tasks. And as in case of Linux, we can do what we want in various ways using different utilities. Then, our utility today is dd command. As we know everything in Linux is a file and is treated according to this rule even block devices. Which makes dd is useful to copy and backup our data.

      • How To Install Mono on Linux Mint 20 [Ed: Very bad idea. This is a Microsoft pandemic, trying to infect everything in order to undermine it.]
      • How to Upgrade to Ubuntu 22.04 – Linux Nightly

        This guide will show how to upgrade to Ubuntu 22.04 Jammy Jellyfish, which is the latest LTS version of the operating system.

        Canonical releases new LTS (long term support) versions of Ubuntu every two years, in April. They also release interim editions every six months.

        It’s always recommended that you keep Ubuntu up to date with the latest LTS release. Interim versions are okay to skip, unless you want to get a sneak preview on new features to come.

      • Remove an expired key in APT – Unixcop the Unix / Linux the admins deams

        Hello, dear friends. Although it is not always recommended, many times to get recent versions of a package or a whole program, we need to add external repositories. Usually, these repositories have a GPG key that allows us to secure the installation. What happens when these GPG keys expire? Well, it is no longer possible to use the repository. So in this post, you will learn how to remove an expired key in APT.

      • How to Install Rundeck on Ubuntu 20.04

        Rundeck is a free open-source software for automation services. It gives self-service access to the processes and tools they need to get their job done. Using Rundeck you can create automation workflows from existing tools or scripts. It provides a web console, CLI tools, and a Web API to run automation tasks.

        In this tutorial, we learn how to install the Rundeck community on Ubuntu 20.04.

      • How to Install AlmaLinux 8.5 Step by Step

        As CentOS 8 draws steadily to End of Life on December 31st, 2021, efforts have been made to come up with centos alternative distributions which will fill in the big shoes left by CentOS 8. This comes following RedHat’s decision to dump CentOS 8 in favor of CentOS Stream, something which has elicited mixed reactions.

        Many users have felt betrayed by RedHat’s move to cut short the life of CentOS 8 by 9 years. A good number have also expressed their concerns about the stability and security that CentOS Stream will provide.

      • Using MangoHud to check FPS, CPU & GPU usage on a ‘hackendeck’ – CNX Software

        Previously I followed Valve’s documentation to build a ‘hackendeck’ using a mini PC to emulate their highly anticipated Steam Deck. Interestingly the ‘hackendeck’ uses a Linux OS, specifically Manjaro, as whilst Valve based their earlier version of Steam OS on Debian, they have now switched to being based on Arch.

        If the ‘hackendeck’ had just been Steam on Windows then to review gaming performance I’d just use MSI Afterburner. Until now, however, for Linux, I’ve always had to estimate the average FPS as I’ve not been aware of a good reliable equivalent.

        Fortunately several ‘commenters’ recommended using MangoHud, a Linux open-source Vulkan/OpenGL overlay for monitoring FPS, CPU/GPU usage, and temperatures similar to MSI Afterburner. So now I’ve been able to capture the average frame rate for the games I previously tested and I’ll present them below.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • On (hopefully) taming Webkit and getting better privacy in GNOME Web with Privoxy.

          Really, it would be nicer if Apple would just double the amount of filter rules allowed in Content Blockers, but it seems they really can’t do much about users who take Privacy matters into their own hands, even on Mac OS, as Privoxy apparently works on Mac OS too!

          Privoxy has been around for 20 years or so and previously went under the name Internet Junkbuster. In fact, it was one of my ad blocking Hosts files that was used as the basis for the early Junkbuster list.

          I got fed up with ads and Windows adware in the late 90s and felt like I could take on the problem of blocking it, and for a while I was correct. However, HOSTS files are no answer for today’s problems on the Web, and Windows will try to revert any changes you make to it with “Defender” anyway if you use Windows.

          And if you successfully make it ignore that and allow the modifications, Windows Telemetry spyware is IMPOSSIBLE to block with the HOSTS file because it will ignore you if you ad their telemetry sites to it!

          You really should not use Windows….

          Back to Privoxy…. It will not interfere with your VPN software, or at least it shouldn’t (it doesn’t with my setup, using NordVPN), because it is a local proxy. It should enhance the privacy your VPN gives you. In fact, it used to be part of the Tor Browser Bundle.

    • Distributions

      • BSD

        • FreeBSD 12.3-RC2 Now Available
          The second RC build of the 12.3-RELEASE release cycle is now available.
          Installation images are available for:
          o 12.3-RC2 amd64 GENERIC
          o 12.3-RC2 i386 GENERIC
          o 12.3-RC2 powerpc GENERIC
          o 12.3-RC2 powerpc64 GENERIC64
          o 12.3-RC2 powerpcspe MPC85XXSPE
          o 12.3-RC2 sparc64 GENERIC
          o 12.3-RC2 armv6 RPI-B
          o 12.3-RC2 armv7 BANANAPI
          o 12.3-RC2 armv7 CUBIEBOARD
          o 12.3-RC2 armv7 CUBIEBOARD2
          o 12.3-RC2 armv7 CUBOX-HUMMINGBOARD
          o 12.3-RC2 armv7 RPI2
          o 12.3-RC2 armv7 WANDBOARD
          o 12.3-RC2 armv7 GENERICSD
          o 12.3-RC2 aarch64 GENERIC
          o 12.3-RC2 aarch64 PINE64
          o 12.3-RC2 aarch64 PINE64-LTS
          Note regarding arm SD card images: For convenience for those without
          console access to the system, a freebsd user with a password of
          freebsd is available by default for ssh(1) access.  Additionally,
          the root user password is set to root.  It is strongly recommended
          to change the password for both users after gaining access to the
          Installer images and memory stick images are available here:
          The image checksums follow at the end of this e-mail.
          If you notice problems you can report them through the Bugzilla PR
          system or on the -stable mailing list.
          If you would like to use SVN to do a source based update of an existing
          system, use the "releng/12.3" branch.
          A summary of changes since 12.3-RC1 includes:
          o Updates to the igc(4) driver.
          o BEAGLEBONE and RPI3 SoC images have been removed, due to late
            discovered issues.
          A list of changes since 12.2-RELEASE is available in the releng/12.3
          release notes:
          Please note, the release notes page is not yet complete, and will be
          updated on an ongoing basis as the 12.3-RELEASE cycle progresses.
          === Virtual Machine Disk Images ===
          VM disk images are available for the amd64, i386, and aarch64
          architectures.  Disk images may be downloaded from the following URL
          (or any of the FreeBSD download mirrors):
          The partition layout is:
              ~ 16 kB - freebsd-boot GPT partition type (bootfs GPT label)
              ~ 1 GB  - freebsd-swap GPT partition type (swapfs GPT label)
              ~ 20 GB - freebsd-ufs GPT partition type (rootfs GPT label)
          The disk images are available in QCOW2, VHD, VMDK, and raw disk image
          formats.  The image download size is approximately 135 MB and 165 MB
          respectively (amd64/i386), decompressing to a 21 GB sparse image.
          Note regarding arm64/aarch64 virtual machine images: a modified QEMU EFI
          loader file is needed for qemu-system-aarch64 to be able to boot the
          virtual machine images.  See this page for more information:
          To boot the VM image, run:
              % qemu-system-aarch64 -m 4096M -cpu cortex-a57 -M virt  \
          	-bios QEMU_EFI.fd -serial telnet::4444,server -nographic \
          	-drive if=none,file=VMDISK,id=hd0 \
          	-device virtio-blk-device,drive=hd0 \
          	-device virtio-net-device,netdev=net0 \
          	-netdev user,id=net0
          Be sure to replace "VMDISK" with the path to the virtual machine image.
    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Web Browsers

        • Mozilla

          • Mozilla loading full page ads for their VPN (they just resell Mulvad VPN).

            This behavior is beyond annoying and not at all welcome on the part of the user. Not only does Mozilla do this over and over again (I had it happen more than once), but they load it in your private windows too.

            This time, there’s two more checkboxes to find (good luck). Hint: “recommend extensions as you browse” and “recommend features as you browse”. But this shouldn’t be necessary and using Mozilla software is becoming the literal….Look, next year Webster’s English Dictionary is going to have to put the Firefox logo as the definition of “annoying”.

            Brave, a competing web browser, has a regular “private” window which just means no history logging on your device, but also Private Windows with Tor. It also works atop your VPN if you want to access Tor hidden services.

          • Ring doorbells no longer support Firefox for live view. Recommend Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge.

            Mozilla could probably hack their way around this one with a UA quirk, but will just let company after company keep destroying what’s left of their browser business while they send “Web Compat” emails that go right into the trash to outfits like Facebook, Microsoft Skype, and now Amazon.

      • FSF

        • FSF Giving Guide: Freedom is the greatest gift of all

          It seems like the usual holiday sales just get earlier and earlier. Not content with just hammering us with ads, certain megalithic companies named after large rivers or fruits try to foist their “deals” on us as soon as they can. Given the degree to which our lives are mediated by technology, it’s no surprise that so many holiday sales focus on “devices,” that catch-all name we’ve given to those computers that run in our pockets, laps, and living rooms. Yet before you cave to pressure, you should make sure that gift isn’t putting your friend or family member under unjust control.

          For the last twelve years, the Free Software Foundation (FSF) has published our Ethical Tech Giving Guide as a way to help concerned individuals make sure that the gift they might plan on giving their loved ones doesn’t deprive them of their freedom. It’s natural to want the very best gift for that special person in your life. It’s also natural to want that gift to last them as long as possible. But if you plan on giving any devices, it’s important to carefully consider the gift that you choose and the message it sends. The Amazon Echo or Chromebook that you’re buying today has a good chance of being obsolete in the next few years, and more importantly, could set your friend or family member’s digital freedom back even longer.

          Freedom is the best gift you can give, and the one that keeps on giving. Rather than purchasing that new gadget, we encourage you to take the time to explore installing free software on one your friend or family member already owns. Taking your first steps to freedom often doesn’t just help you win back your digital autonomy: it provides an opportunity for you to deepen your relationship with the ones you care about through a shared learning experience, and inaugurates you into a worldwide community of users.

      • Programming/Development

        • Intel Releases ControlFlag 1.0 For AI-Driven Detection Of Bugs Within C Code – Phoronix

          Intel last month open-sourced “ControlFlag” for finding bugs within source code by using AI with training off more than a reported one billion lines of code. Intel has said they have successfully been using it within their software from applications down to firmware. The new milestone today is ControlFlag 1.0 being released.

        • Display Git Configuration

          From time to time I tend to forget what’s my effective Git configuration, so I have to check it somehow. Most of the time I’d simply do the following: [...]

    • Standards/Consortia

      • XMPP, A Comeback Story: A 20 Year Old Messaging Protocol For Robust, Private and Decentralized Communications

        XMPP has a huge potential to replace platforms like Telegram, Signal, and WhatsApp, although its use hasn’t reached mass consciousness. Rather then spread awareness of friendly and open technologies like these, big tech companies preferred to build their proprietary solutions ontop of XMPP and market those instead – so you may have been using XMPP this whole time without even knowing it.

        Instead of depending on proprietary centralized chat platforms like Telegram, WhatsApp and Signal we believe that truly decentralized platforms like XMPP can achieve and surpass our needs.

  • Leftovers

    • Surveying the Wreckage of the World and Wondering Where Habermas Fits in These Days

      A military rife with sexual abuse, universities that lack courage to defend freedom of inquiry, a healthcare system that is crumbling beneath too heavy loads, violence against stressed-out and fearful healthcare workers, governments that reek of incompetence of stupid decision-making, a culture that denies science and evidence, churches that advocate reconciliation without justice. God, is every institution, the NHL included, covering up bad and dirty deeds, demeaning some members of our society or sweeping the dirt under some grimy rug somewhere? An inquisitorial and accusatory spirit is roaming the land. Who and what might be next?

      Watched the news this morning, O boy, and learned that some healthcare workers don’t want to be vaccinated. What? The stability and surety of daily life is eroding before my eyes. Marx’s words in The Communist Manifesto of 1848 – “All that is solid melts into the air, all that is holy is profaned and man is at last compelled to face with sober sense, his real conditions of life, and his relation to his kind” – capture our dreadful time of troubles.

    • Inside the Hell That Is The Many Saints of Newark

      The long-running HBO series The Sopranos often ventured into Hell—or, more narrowly defined, into realms beyond death where things feel bad and very little changes. The Many Saints of Newark, a feature film prequel released this year, begins in Hell, with a snaking shot through a graveyard and, in voiceover, Christopher Moltisanti (Michael Imperioli), a central character in the original series, explaining how he died in the monotone of a man who has told this story many times before. “I met death on Route 23, not too far from here,” he says. Then we see a young Tony Soprano, in 1967, rushing down a pier in bright sunlight: “That’s my uncle.… He choked me to death.”

    • Reassessing the Legacy and Power of DC Hardcore – Censored Notebook

      Premised on the idea that the development, experience, and messaging of music are indivisible from geography and chronology, Shayna L. Maskell, professor in the College of Humanities and Social Sciences at George Mason University, interprets a lesser known version of Washington, DC history via “DC hardcore;” harDCore, as it was known in the vernacular. Politics As Sound examines this music as “a performance of self…complicated and contradictory,” as well as a presentation of the politics of its circumstances (3).

    • Education

      • Vilnius library builds book pickup lockers throughout city to stay contactless

        According to the library’s press release, the new service allows readers to order library books online and pick them up at a chosen locker at any time of the day.

        “The idea of book pickup lockers came during the quarantine when libraries were closed. At the time, we were looking for ways to keep in touch with readers and issue books in a secure contactless way,” said Rima Gražienė, head of Vilnius Central Library.

      • A Note About Recruiters

        Most people, including me, hate LinkedIn and are there just out of necessity. You’re simply expected to have a LinkedIn profile these days. What’s also true is that most people have turned off any form of emails and notifications from LinkedIn and visit it very rarely (unless actively looking for a job).

    • Hardware

      • Isolated Oscilloscope Design Process Shows How It’s Done | Hackaday

        [Bart Schroder] was busy designing high voltage variable speed motor drives and was lamenting the inability of a standard scope to visualise the waveforms around the switch transistors. This is due to the three phase nature of such motors being driven with three current waveforms, out of phase with each other by 120 degrees, where current flows between each pair of winding taps, without being referenced to a common notion of ground. The average scope on your bench however, definitely is ground-referenced, so visualising such waveforms is a bit of a faff. Then there’s the fact that the motors run at many hundreds of volts, and the prospect of probing that with your precious bench instrument is a little nerve-wracking to say the least. The solution to the issue was obvious, build your own isolated high voltage oscilloscope, and here is the Cleverscope CS448 development journey for your viewing pleasure.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

    • Integrity/Availability

    • Defence/Aggression

      • Will You Storm the Capitol if the 2024 Election is Stolen?

        This is not a call to “understand” or “have compassion” for Trump voters.  Instead, it’s a call for a wholesale political and social indictment of Trump’s Big Lie, along with every elected Republican politician or media member who knows Trump lost but keeps perpetuating that Lie.

        If we fail, history may repeat itself and — this time — the result will be far worse than Bush’s lying us into two wars and privatizing Medicare.

      • Court Cases Show Colombian Government Role in Paramilitary Killings, US Implicated

        The 2016 agreement ending 50 years of armed conflict between the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and Colombia’s government might have brought peace. Since the accord was signed, however, killers, presumably paramilitaries, have taken the lives of  292 former FARC combatants and 1241“social leaders.”

        Special Forces General William Yarborough, reporting on a U.S advisory mission to Colombia in 1962, recommended “a civil and military structure … [that could] execute paramilitary, sabotage and/or terrorist activities against known communist proponents.” Even so, paramilitary activities remained quiescent until the 1980s. From then on, paramilitary assaults multiplied in rural areas, leaving deaths, destitution and displacement in their wake.

      • The Pentagon and the Washington Post: Cold War Brothers-in-Arms

        One of the reasons why President Harry S. Truman created the Central Intelligence Agency, also in the National Security Act, was to have an independent civilian agency challenging the Pentagon’s self-serving briefings on Capitol Hill for increased defense spending.  The imperative for the military is to ensure the continued flow of funding for its arsenal.  To this end, it will always posit the worst case possible that it must defend against.

        The mainstream media should be well aware of the dangers of relying on military briefings and assessments when editorializing about the capabilities and intentions of putative adversaries such as Russia and China.  But the Washington Post, which has been beating the editorial drums for challenging Beijing, is currently using the Pentagon’s latest report to the Congress on China’s military strength to promote increased U.S. defense spending and additional military deployments in East Asia.  The Post and the New York Times regularly cite the U.S. Cold War with China, a very dangerous self-fulfilling prophecy if there ever was one.

      • Cubans More Excited About School Reopening Than Regime Change

        Even after the Cuban government denied the protesters a permit on the grounds that they were part of a destabilization campaign led by the United States, anti-government forces insisted that they were undeterred and were ready to take the risks. But in the end, their Field of Dreams turned out to be an illusion. What happened?

        Intimidation of dissidents was certainly a key factor. The leader of the Facebook group Archipelago, Yunior Garcia, was kept under virtual house arrest. Other leaders were threatened with arrest and repudiated by their pro-revolution neighbors.

      • The Fiscal-Military-Corporate State We Cannot Sustain

        A parade of weapons manufacturers is plying members of Congress with arguments for new weapons technologies and dollars for the next election cycle. Leading the way: Lockheed Martin, Boeing, Northrup Grumman, General Dynamics and Raytheon Technologies.

        The top 20 Defense contractors contributed $47 million to federal candidates in 2020.  Lobbying efforts of defense contractors totaled more than $87 million in 2021.

      • Kyle Rittenhouse Is on Trial for Murder. Matt Gaetz Says He’d Be a Good Intern.
      • In Charlottesville, Rittenhouse and Arbery Cases, White Supremacy Is on Trial
      • Censure Is “Not Enough”: Rights Groups Call for Expulsion of Paul Gosar
      • Ed Dept. Opens Inquiry on District That Wanted “Opposing” Lessons on Holocaust
      • US Policy on Taiwan is a False and Dangerous Two-Step

        Biden, however, managed to score a double own goal on the subject of Taiwan by simultaneously justifying bad US foreign policy and endorsing Beijing’s false “One China” claim.

        On one hand, the US has neither any obligation nor any good reason to continue guaranteeing Taiwan’s  de facto independence from the mainland regime.

      • Gosar Censured Over AOC Murder Video, As AOC Slams GOP: “What Is So Hard About Saying This Is Wrong?”

        Republican Congressmember Paul Gosar is the first lawmaker to be censured in more than a decade for posting an animated video on social media where he murders Congressmember Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and attacks President Biden. The U.S. House of Representatives also voted Tuesday to censure Gosar and strip him of committee assignments. He has refused to apologize and after the vote he retweeted the video. Speaking from the House floor before the vote Congressmember Ocasio-Cortez said: “This is not about me. This is not about Representative Gosar. This is about what we are willing to accept.” The co-sponsor of the censure vote, Congressmember Jackie Speier of California, said “Congressmember Ocasio-Cortez has become the go-to subject of the radical right to stir up their base, as too often is the case for women of color.”

      • Three White Supremacy Trials: Dahlia Lithwick on Charlottesville, Rittenhouse & Arbery Murder Case

        Jurors in Charlottesville, Virginia, are hearing closing arguments today in a civil trial that seeks to hold white supremacists accountable for organizing the deadly “Unite the Right” rally there in 2017, and conspiring to commit racially motivated violence. Two of the white supremacists have been defending themselves in the courtroom: Richard Spencer and Christopher Cantwell. They took the stand Tuesday, and tried unsuccessfully to have the judge dismiss the case for lack of evidence, even as they used racial slurs during the trial. Jurors are expected to begin deliberations Friday. Both Spencer and Cantwell have “failed utterly to take responsibility for the roles they played,” says Slate legal correspondent Dahlia Lithwick, who lived in Charlottesville during the 2017 rally and is reporting on the trial, which is not being broadcast. She also discusses the homicide trial of white teenage gunman Kyle Rittenhouse and the broad use of the “self defense” argument by white supremacists on trial.

      • The Latest Round of Protests in Cuba Are a Bust—for Now

        Havana—After weeks of media hype, planned anti-government demonstrations that had been billed here as a nationwide March for Change fizzled out on Monday. Around the country, at least 11 protesters that did come out were arrested. In downtown Havana, handfuls of university students wearing white walked around looking for a march to join—but found only throngs of police and plainclothes state security officers.

      • Sanders Says Deficit Concerns ‘Seem to Melt Away’ When It’s Time to Fill Pentagon Coffers

        Sen. Bernie Sanders of Vermont noted in a floor speech Wednesday that concerns about the deficit curiously disappear on Capitol Hill when it’s time to authorize the annual U.S. military budget, which lawmakers are preparing to boost to $778 billion for fiscal year 2022.

        “All of this money is going to an agency, the Department of Defense, that continues to have massive cost overruns.”

    • Transparency/Investigative Reporting

      • Data Shows LA Sheriff’s Department Is Stopping Tons Of Latino Bicyclists, Rarely Finding Anything Illegal

        Law enforcement doesn’t just engage in pretextual stops of cars. Bicyclists are on the radar as well, especially if they happen to be minorities. That’s according to data obtained by the Los Angeles Times, which shows the LA Sheriff’s Department (which has buried the needle on the far end of “problematic” for years) is targeting bike riders with tactics that fall somewhere between pretextual stop and stop-and-frisk.

    • Environment

      • ‘Encouraging’: Unlike Trump, Biden Backs Global Treaty for Plastic Pollution

        In stark contrast to the U.S. position under former President Donald Trump, the Biden administration on Thursday signaled support for developing a global treaty to tackle marine plastic pollution, winning swift applause from environmental campaigners.

        “As a major producer and exporter of plastic, the U.S. has a responsibility to take a leadership role.”

      • Dem Lawmakers, Climate Groups Urge Biden Administration to Support Kids Climate Case

        Four dozen federal lawmakers and scores of advocacy groups on Thursday sent President Joe Biden and other leaders within his administration letters in support of the yearslong climate case that accuses the U.S. government of violating young Americans’ constitutional rights to life, liberty, and property, and failing to protect essential public trust resources.

        “We urge the DOJ to reverse its position, stop fighting the youth, and bring to the settlement table tangible ideas to significantly address the youth’s concerns for a safe environment.”

      • Opinion | Bipartisan American Empire and Catastrophic Climate Change

        When the leaders of more than 100 nations gathered in Glasgow for the U.N. climate conference last week, there was much discussion about the disastrous effect of climate change on the global environment. There was, however, little awareness of its likely political impact on the current world order that made such an international gathering possible.

      • Markey Amendment Would Redirect 1% of Funds From ‘Bloated’ Pentagon to Address Climate Crisis

        Democratic Sen. Ed Markey of Massachusetts filed an amendment Thursday that would cut the Senate’s proposed $768 billion Pentagon budget by 1% and invest the resulting savings in global programs aimed at helping low-income nations build resilience against the climate crisis.

        “Unfettered military spending will not protect us from the destruction of the environment and worsening climate chaos.”

      • Opinion | Big Oil, Lurking in Shadows, Continues to Call Shots on Climate

        During the Second World War, no Canadian would have been satisfied to learn that, while the Allies were making progress, their efforts wouldn’t be enough to stop Hitler. Any possibility of Hitler winning was unacceptable; accordingly, the Canadian government devoted itself unwaveringly to mobilizing a national war effort against him.

      • Opinion | World Leaders Failed Us at COP26, but Change Always Comes From the Power of People

        If it wasn’t for the greenhouse effect, the Earth would be as cold and dead as the far side of the moon.

      • Imagine If Stopping Climate Change was More Important Than Creating More Climate Change Billionaires

        On the other side, some people did manage to get enormously rich from the pandemic. Specifically, those who had patent monopolies on the mRNA vaccines did very well, as the stock prices of both Pfizer and Moderna soared during the pandemic. Back in April, Forbes identified 40 people who became billionaires as a direct result of their ownership of stock in companies that were profiting off the pandemic. Three of these were from Moderna alone. The number has surely grown, as the stock market has gone up further in the last seven months.

        The reason why the Moderna billionaires might be especially upsetting is that so much of what they did was with government funding. The development of mRNA technology, beginning in the early 1980s, was accomplished almost entirely on the government’s dime. While Moderna did do further research to develop a foundation for producing vaccines, the money to actually develop and test Moderna’s vaccine came entirely from the government through Operation Warp Speed. The government also signed a large advance purchase agreement, which would have required it to pay for several million Moderna vaccines, even if other vaccines were superior.

      • COP26: Capitalism = Death

        For many, the U.S.-China deal, like much of the other proclamation made by government leaders at the conference, exemplified what Swedish climate activities Greta Thunberg dubbed the great “blah, blah, blah.”  As she said at the Youth4Climate summit in Milan (Italy) in September:

        Looking critically at COP26, Thunberg argued, “It is not a secret that COP26 is a failure. It should be obvious that we cannot solve the crisis with the same methods that got us into it in the first place.” She added, “The COP has turned into a PR event, where leaders are giving beautiful speeches and announcing fancy commitments and targets, while behind the curtains governments of the Global North countries are still refusing to take any drastic climate action.”

      • Energy

        • This City in Oregon is Making Moves to Ban Natural Gas in New Homes and Buildings

          The City of Eugene, Oregon, initiated a process on November 17 that could lead to a ban on new natural gas hookups in residential and commercial buildings, following in the footsteps of dozens of other cities around the country. The move would be the first in Oregon, and activists believe it could set off a domino-like trend in the state and more broadly across the Pacific Northwest. 

          The Eugene City Council approved a process in which they would consider a ban on new gas hookups in the coming months, with the ban tentatively planned to take effect in January 2023. Wednesday’s vote did not immediately approve the prohibition, but the apparent strong support from a majority of the City Council suggested that there is considerable momentum in that direction. 

        • Gulf Coast Tribe Vows to Resist Enbridge’s New Pipeline Expansion Plans
        • Applause for ‘All Who Fought’ as Boston City Council Votes to Divest From Fossil Fuels

          Progressives praised the Boston City Council after its members voted unanimously Wednesday to divest city funds from the fossil fuel industry, a major endorsement of clean energy investment that came as Massachusetts lawmakers prepare to debate how to allocate the state’s financial resources.

          “The climate crisis requires us to take immediate steps toward a cleaner future.”

        • From Glasgow to Gulf of Mexico, Fossil Fuel Industry Shows Us Who’s in Charge
        • HS: Peat has lost its significance for security of supply in Finland

          It is important to distinguish between the use and production of peat, reminded Helsingin Sanomat. Production, in particular, can fluctuate noticeably based on demand and weather conditions: heat production plants are this winter expected to burn through reserves left over from the good peat year that was 2018.

          Salo also pointed out that the production of energy peat has fallen from about 15–16 million cubic metres in the 2010s to about 6.5 million cubic metres in 2020 and possibly as low as two million cubic metres in 2021.

          Energy peat has typically made up 85–90 per cent of all peat produced in Finland. The other types of peat include white peat, which is used in greenhouses and livestock farming.

    • Finance

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • How Progressives Can Mobilize to Win

        This is a pivotal moment. In recent years we’ve witnessed the awakening and uprising of creative, courageous people demanding justice and equality—from #BlackLivesMatter to #protecttranskids, #LandBack to #MeToo and disability justice to immigrant rights. Politically, these movements have spurred progressive candidates at every level of government, from new members of the “Squad” in congress to diverse and bold progressive candidates winning at every level. Our multicultural and participatory democracy is within reach.

      • Finnish Democracy Is on the Brink

        Last week, a noose and an unprintably racist message were delivered to a Muslim lawmaker. The target wasn’t Minnesota Representative Ilhan Omar, as you might well have imagined, but—shockingly—Suldaan Said Ahmed, a first-term member of the Finnish Parliament. “This repulsive act is only part of the racist feedback and harassment I’ve faced during my time in politics,” said Ahmed. “I thought it was important to show what it’s like also publicly. This is what people still have to face in Finland in the 2020s. I want to work to make sure no child has to face anything like this in the future.”

      • Sunrise Endorses Cisneros Over Corporate-Backed Cuellar in Texas Democratic Primary Fight

        The Sunrise Movement announced Thursday its endorsement of progressive Jessica Cisneros in her primary challenge to oust Democratic Congressman Henry Cuellar and represent Texas’ 28th Congressional District.

        “She knows that it takes bold solutions to solve the crises we face.”

      • Opinion | Was Frederick Hayek a Bernie Sanders Socialist?

        Of course not! 

      • Texts Show Kimberly Guilfoyle Bragged About Raising Millions for Rally That Fueled Capitol Riot

        Kimberly Guilfoyle, a top fundraiser for former President Donald Trump and the girlfriend of his son Donald Trump Jr., boasted to a GOP operative that she had raised $3 million for the rally that helped fuel the Jan. 6 Capitol riot.

        In a series of text messages sent on Jan. 4 to Katrina Pierson, the White House liaison to the event, Guilfoyle detailed her fundraising efforts and supported a push to get far-right speakers on the stage alongside Trump for the rally, which sought to overturn the election of President Joe Biden.

    • Misinformation/Disinformation

      • High Profile Commission On Disinformation Unable To Solve Disinformation Despite Having Prince Harry On Board

        Dealing with disinformation is not an easy problem to solve. Part of the problem is that very few people even agree how to define disinformation, or how subjective it is. Indeed, as we’ve noted, most of the reporting on disinformation itself is misinformation (or, at the very least misleading). That said, I still had decently high hopes for the Aspen Institute’s “Commission on Information Disorder.” The Aspen Institute tends to do more credible and serious work on tech policy issues than many other groups. And the project was supported by Craig Newmark, who has been funding a bunch of important research over the past few years. And, while some of the choices for who was on the Commission struck me as odd (Prince Harry?!? Katie Couric?!?), there were some very serious and very thoughtful participants on the Commission itself, acting as “advisors” to the group, and who participated in the various discussions they held.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • Opinion | John Oliver Just Aired the Best Anti-Union Busting Segment We’ve Ever Seen

        October saw the largest number of workers on strike in years, and 2021 has seen a dramatic rise in coverage of unionization efforts. John Oliver, host of Last Week Tonight, took aim on his show at the efforts by companies to keep unions out. Whether or not you are likely to see a union drive at your workplace, it matters that more Americans understand how union busting and corporate pressure tactics work; the more you know, the better you can push back against their deceitful propaganda.

      • Only Democracy Can Save One of America’s Greatest Unions

        Last month was Striketober. Fueled by historic labor shortages, 100,000 workers either went on strike or prepared to strike, in some of the largest coordinated labor actions in recent US history. This is encouraging. With gridlock in Congress holding up a social safety net bill, the United States needs strong unions more than ever. The trends are very clear: When unions are weak, the highest incomes go even higher, but when unions are strong, middle and lower incomes go up.

      • We Need Barcelona’s Hidden Radical History Now More Than Ever

        In the United States, there is a mighty and deeply reactionary movement for historical erasure. Its aims are nothing less than to prevent teaching the truth about the ugliest parts of the history of this country. The bewitching, paradoxical city of Barcelona presents a vision of what it could look like if such a movement were to reach its goals.

      • Uncivil War on Democracy
      • Morality Plays: When Entertainers Draw the Line

        Our ethics, however capricious they’ve become, evolve largely from the mega entertainment industry. Authors and athletes, singers and poet-rappers, television hosts and comedians, even though they sometimes do so unwittingly, guide our choices, consequently our values as well. Today’s A-list stars —oh, how we adore them—they are who pronounce what’s good and right, bad and wrong. At least we endow them with that power. Even when they don’t intend their statements to be a moral judgement, even after they’ve moved beyond whatever they’re charged with.

        Columnist Paul Street, addressing the weakening role of journalism, hints at the moral implications of that slide: “In the name of political neutrality”, he writes, “‘the news’ often produces moral (my emphasis) and intellectual paralysis in its consumers…”.

      • ‘Morally Repugnant’: Video Shows Israeli Troops Waking, Photographing Palestinian Kids

        Human rights groups this week reacted with outrage to video footage showing Israeli troops forcing Palestinian children from their slumber and photographing them outside their family home—an act that Israel’s military admits was “not proper.”

        “It seems that for the army, all Palestinians, including boys and girls of elementary school age, are potential criminals.”

      • ‘Drop the Charges’: Greece Delays Trial of Humanitarians Who Aided Refugees at Sea

        Human rights defenders expressed renewed demands on Thursday for charges to be dropped against a group of humanitarian activists now facing trial in Greece for aiding refugees at sea off the country’s coast.

        “All we have done is assist people seeking safety at a time of need.”

      • Yes, Even If You Think Project Veritas Are A Bunch Of Malicious Grifters, FBI Raid Is Concerning

        I am no fan of Project Veritas. They appear to be a group of malicious grifters, deliberately distorting things, presenting them out of context to fit (or make) a narrative. Even so (or perhaps, especially so), we should be extremely concerned about the FBI’s recent raid on Project Veritas’ founder James O’Keefe and two of his colleagues.

      • ‘Solidarity Forever’: 40,000 Kaiser Workers Set to Strike to Defend 700 Fellow Union Members

        “It’s so important for working people to stand together, and we hope that with the nurses by their side, Kaiser engineers will win meaningful change for working people, and for safe patient care conditions.”

      • “The Dawn of Everything”: David Wengrow & the Late David Graeber On a New History of Humanity

        In an extended interview, we speak with archeologist David Wengrow, who co-authored the new book “The Dawn of Everything: A New History of Humanity” with the late anthropologist David Graeber. The book examines how Indigenous cultures contributed greatly to what we have come to understand as so-called Western ideas of democracy and equality, but argues these contributions have been erased from history. “What the broad sweep of history shows is that living in large-scale, densely populated, technologically sophisticated societies really doesn’t require people to simply give up social freedoms,” says Wengrow. The two completed the book just weeks before Graeber died unexpectedly last year at the age of 59. Graeber is credited with helping to coin the phrase “We are the 99%.” His book “Debt: The First 5,000 Years” made the case for sweeping debt cancellation.

      • Julius Jones Will “Fight Another Day” — Death Sentence Commuted
      • There’s Still Time to Save Julius Jones

        UPDATE: Oklahoma Governor Kevin Stitt commuted Julius Jones’s death sentence to life without parole just hours before Jones was scheduled to be executed for a murder that he says he did not commit. Read more about the Justice for Julius movement here.

      • ‘Hallelujah!’: Justice Advocates Rejoice at 11th-Hour Halt to Julius Jones Execution

        Human rights advocates rejoiced Thursday after Oklahoma Gov. Kevin Stitt heeded the advice of his state’s pardon board—which found compelling evidence of the condemned man’s innocence—and commuted the death sentence of Julius Jones to life imprisonment without parole with just hours to go before his scheduled execution.

        “Now we organize to get Gov. Stitt out of office so Julius Jones can gain his full freedom back.”

      • IFF releases Legislative Brief on Digital Rights for Winter Session 2021

        Before the commencement of the Winter Session of the Indian Parliament, we have prepared our second Legislative Brief on Digital Rights. In our brief, we highlight some of the focus areas within the larger issues of data protection and digital rights that call for the extensive deliberation in the houses of the Parliament.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • The FCC Ponders A Hugely Problematic Tax On WiFi

        For years, we’ve noted how telecom and media giants have been trying to force “big tech” to give them huge sums of money for no reason. The shaky logic usually involves claiming that “big tech” gets a “free ride” on telecom networks, something that’s never actually been true. This narrative has been bouncing around telecom policy circles for years, and recently bubbled up once again thanks to FCC Commissioner Brendan Carr.

      • .net Forever

        Let’s talk a bit about .net. No, not Microsoft’s .NET, but the other .net – one of the original top-level internet domains. Given how popular .com has become, I find it really strange that .net failed to reach such prominence. Even .org is more popular than .net!

    • Digital Restrictions (DRM)

      • Windows Store causes errors in Firefox, makes Accessibility unusable.

        They shilled Microsoft’s new DRM store, and all they got were more bugs to fix, Edge using nasty tricks to steal their users from them, and this lousy T-shirt.

      • Apple’s Self Service Repair Program Must Live Up To Its Promises

        This is a major shift for the company, which has fought for years against movements to expand people’s right to repair their Apple products. Right-to-repair advocates have not only pushed the company to move on this issue, but also to get regulators and lawmakers to acknowledge the need to protect the right to repair in law. Apple’s announcement is only one illustration of how far the advocacy on the right to repair has come; in just the past two years, advocates have won at the ballot box in Massachusetts, received a supportive directive from the Biden Administration, changed policy at Microsoft, and made some gains at the Library of Congress to expand repair permissions.

        The Self Service Repair Program could be another feather in that cap. But now that Apple has announced the program, we urge them to roll it out in ways that truly expand their customers’ access and choice.

        It’s important that Apple’s program, or any program, does not come with strings attached that make it unworkably difficult or too expensive for a normal person to use. In the past, Apple has done both—as YouTuber and professional repairer Louis Rossman pointed out.

    • Monopolies

      • [Old] How Piracy Opens Doors for Windows

        “The first dose is free,” said Hal Varian, a professor of information management at UC Berkeley, facetiously comparing Microsoft’s anti-piracy policy to street-corner marketing of illicit drugs. “Once you start using a product, you keep using it.”

      • Trademarks

        • EFF Tells Court to Protect Anonymous Speakers, Apply Proper Test Before Unmasking Them In Trademark Commentary Case

          EFF filed its brief in the U.S. Court of Appeal for the Second Circuit after several anonymous defendants in a case brought by Everytown for Gun Safety Action Fund appealed a district court’s order that mandated the disclosure of their identifying information. Everytown’s lawsuit alleges that the defendants used its trademarked logos in 3-D printed gun part plans and sought the order to learn the identities of several online speakers who printed them.

          Unmasking can result in serious harm to anonymous speakers, exposing them to harassment and intimidation, which is why the First Amendment offers strong protections for such speech. So courts around the country have applied a now well-established three-step test when parties seek to unmask Doe speakers, to ensure that the litigation process is not being abused to pierce anonymity unnecessarily. But in granting the order in this case, the district court instead applied a looser test that is usually used only in P2P copyright cases. The court then ruled that the online speakers could not rely on the First Amendment here because “anonymity is not protected to the extent that it is used to mask the infringement of intellectual property rights, including trademark rights.”

          That ruling cannot stand. As we explained in our friend-of-the-court brief, “Although the right to speak anonymously is not absolute, the constitutional protections it affords to speakers required the district court to pause and meaningfully consider the First Amendment implications of the discovery order sought by Plaintiffs, applying the correct test designed to balance the needs of plaintiffs and defendants in Doe cases such as this one.”  By choosing to apply the wrong test, and even then in the most cursory way, the district court fell far short of its obligations.

      • Copyrights

        • Is Protecting Copyright More Important Than Saving Lives During The COVID-19 Pandemic?

          Although the COVID-19 pandemic has wreaked terrible suffering across the world, we are fortunate that we already have several vaccines that have been shown to be highly effective in reducing the number of deaths and hospitalization rates. Discovering vaccines proved easier than expected, but ensuring that everyone – including people in developing countries – has access to them has proved much harder. The main reason for that is an intellectual monopoly: patents. Even though at least two of the main vaccines were developed almost entirely using public funds, which ought by rights to mean that the results are in the public domain, companies have obtained exclusionary patents on them. This has led to calls for a patent waiver of some kind to allow countries to produce their own supplies of medicines, without needing to pay licensing fees.

        • “The NFT Bay” Shares Multi-Terabyte Archive of ‘Pirated’ NFTs

          NFTs are unique blockchain entries through which people can prove that they ‘own’ something. However, the underlying images can be copied with a single click. This point is illustrated by The NFT Bay which links to a 19.5 Terabyte collection of ‘all NFTs’ on the Ethereum and Solana blockchains. And it comes with an important warning message too.

        • YouTubers Who Uploaded Movie Edits Receive Suspended Prison Sentences

          After being arrested earlier this year, three people have been handed suspended prison sentences and fines for uploading so-called “fast movies” to YouTube. Their trial, which took place in Japan, heard that the defendants uploaded minutes-long movie summary edits to YouTube with accompanying commentary. All three pleaded to criminal breaches of Japan’s copyright law.

        • CC Certificate Alumnus, Mostafa Azad Kamal on his work with open education policies and practice

          After launching in 2018, and certifying approximately 1000 graduates from 56 countries, Creative Commons (CC) is taking stock of the incredible community of Certificate participants and alumni. We are particularly interested in learning about local “case studies” of open licensing in local country contexts, and asking alumni about their experiences. CC Certificate alumni have used the certificate course in a number of ways—read about alumni testimonials here, and an in-depth adaptation one alumnus made of course content here. In this interview, we highlight one Certificate graduate’s work in Bangladesh, and celebrate the momentum he’s built in open education. 

        • ‘GTA’ Modding Group Doesn’t Fold, Fights Back In Court Against Take-Two, Rockstar [Ed: Delete Microsoft GitHub]

          We’ve been talking a great deal about Take-Two Interactive and Rockstar Games lately as it relates to their aggressive actions on modding communities for the Grand Theft Auto series. This new war on modders really kicked off over the summer, with the companies looking to shut down a bunch of mods that mostly brought old GTA content into newer games for retro fans. Then came one modding group managing to reverse engineer the game to create its own version of the source code, which it posted on GitHub. Rockstar DMCA’d that project, but at least one modder managed to get GitHub to put it back up. That project was called “GTA RE3″ and was supposed to be the basis to let other modders do all sorts of interesting things with the game from a modding standpoint, or to forklift the game onto platforms it wasn’t designed for, say on a Nintendo console. Take-Two and Rockstar then cried “Piracy!” and filed a lawsuit.


Links 18/11/2021: Schleswig-Holstein (German State) Moving to GNU/Linux, pgAdmin 4 Version 6.2 is Out

Posted in News Roundup at 6:18 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • GNU/Linux Surveillance in the ‘Clown’

      • AWS now lets you stream Linux apps

        Amazon’s cloud computing division, Amazon Web Services (AWS) has added support for streaming Linux apps to its AppStream service, which could previously only stream Windows apps.

        The AppStream service enables users to stream individual graphical apps, and even entire desktops to a remote PC using either a web browser or through the Windows client.

        “With this launch, you can now stream Linux applications and desktops to your users, and greatly lower the total streaming cost by migrating Matlab, Eclipse, Firefox, PuTTY, and other similar applications from Windows to Linux on Amazon AppStream 2.0,” shared AWS.

      • Citrix Workspace for Linux: a tool for secure and agile remote work [Ed: This seems like Citrix marketing SPAM disguised as 'review' or 'article']
    • Server

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • Linux 5.14.20
        I'm announcing the release of the 5.14.20 kernel.
        All users of the 5.14 kernel series must upgrade.
        The updated 5.14.y git tree can be found at:
        	git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux-stable.git linux-5.14.y
        and can be browsed at the normal kernel.org git web browser:
        greg k-h
      • Linux 5.10.80
      • Linux 5.17 To Bring DRM Privacy-Screen Support, Intel VESA PWM Backlight Handling – Phoronix

        The Linux 5.16 merge window now past, an initial batch of changes from drm-misc-next has been sent in to DRM-Next for queuing until the Linux 5.17 cycle kicks off around the start of the new year.

      • Graphics Stack

        • Mesa 21.3 drivers out, plus NVIDIA 470.62.12 Vulkan Beta for Linux

          Two sets of driver releases are now available. First we have the open source Mesa 21.3 release and we also secondly have the NVIDIA Vulkan Beta 470.62.12 also out now.

          For the Mesa 21.3 release it pulls in a number of new features and performance improvements.

        • Experimental Zink On NVIDIA’s Vulkan Driver Capable Of Outperforming OpenGL Driver – Phoronix

          The latest Zink development code paired with the forthcoming “Copper” work is yielding an OpenGL-on-Vulkan implementation that when running on NVIDIA’s proprietary Vulkan driver is even able to outperform NVIDIA’s own proprietary OpenGL driver for at least one notable Linux game.

          Following the recent achievements around Zink / Copper and getting Wayland’s Weston running atop the experimental code, he shared that with NVIDIA’s proprietary driver stack this is a big improvement.

        • Nouveau Lights Up The NVIDIA RTX 3060 GPU Open-Source Support – Phoronix

          The open-source Nouveau driver’s support for the GeForce RTX 30 “Ampere” series remains very limited — most notably, without any 3D acceleration support — but now the GA106 GPU can light up for the GeForce RTX 3060.

          Since earlier this year has been the very basic Nouveau driver support for Ampere but without 3D acceleration so basically amounts to a kernel mode-setting driver to at least (hopefully) getting the display working nicely. NVIDIA has not yet published the Ampere signed microcode/firmware files necessary for bringing up the engines and get accelerated 3D working.

          Then again, even with the GeForce GTX 900 Maxw

        • Experimental FFmpeg Code For Vulkan Acceleration – Phoronix

          Prominent FFmpeg developer Cyanreg has begun working on an experimental Vulkan hardware acceleration video decoder for FFmpeg.

          Cyanreg is working on this FFmpeg vulkan_decode GitHub branch where so far H.264 Vulkan-based video decode is wired up. The work-in-progress code is making use of the provisional Vulkan Video extensions and so aside from this FFmpeg code still being a work-in-progress, it’s unlikely to be merged until the finalized Vulkan Video extensions come out in the months ahead.

        • The Nouveau driver seems to work

          I’ve had an nvidia graphics card for the past 8 years (and nvidia gtx770), I usually alternate between the nvidia proprietary driver and the nouveau open-source driver, i.e. there is a problem in one, I try the other. But I used the proprietary driver more than the nouveau driver, the latter usually performed worse than it’s binary-blob-corporate-jailed driver.

          Recently I found that the latest nvidia proprietary driver will finally get GBM support instead of the EGLStream that it currently has (AFAIK, all the other gfx drivers in Linux use GBM, except for nvidia), but… in typical nvidia fashion, they also decided to drop support for older cards, and my card falls into that group, so again, thank you nvidia! again!

          That irked me, so I decided to try using the nouveau driver again; it looks like one of the reasons it always did badly in my current distro is that I didn’t have the libdrm_nouveau2 package installed (it’s likely that it was installed by default and then I removed it). Once I installed that it seemed to work much better (glxinfo is actually a very useful tool).

        • Mike Blumenkrantz: NV Envy

          In an earlier post I talked about Copper and what it could do on the way to a zink future.

          What I didn’t talk about was WSI, or the fact that I’ve already fully implemented it in the course of bashing Copper into a functional state.

        • Linux & Mesa Driver Comparison For Intel Core i5 12600K / UHD Graphics 770 – Phoronix

          Earlier this month I provided benchmarks showing the Intel UHD Graphics 770 with Alder Lake compared to other CPUs/APUs under Linux. Those tests were done with the latest open-source Intel Linux graphics driver code at the time, but for those running Alder Lake and wondering if it’s worthwhile moving from the stable versions to more bleeding-edge components, this article is for you.

        • The Zink driver for OpenGL over Vulkan shows good performance on NVIDIA | GamingOnLinux

          Recently developer Mike Blumenkrantz wrote an interesting post in regards to a future upgrade to Zink, the driver that provides an OpenGL implementation on top of Vulkan and the performance with it is looking impressive.

          The new upgrade coming is called Copper. To keep it simple enough for most readers, it will allow Zink to avoid existing problems with the way the driver works and get rendering done more directly. The result of it has been shown off today, where Blumenkrantz tested the newer work with the NVIDIA 495.44 driver on an RTX 2070 and benchmarking Feral Interactive’s port of Tomb Raider.

    • Applications

      • 4 Best Free and Open Source Drum Machines

        A drum machine is an electronic musical instrument that creates percussion sounds, drum beats, and patterns.

        Drum machines may imitate drum kits or other percussion instruments, or produce unique sounds, such as synthesized electronic tones. A drum machine often has pre-programmed beats and patterns for popular genres and styles, such as pop music, rock music, and dance music. Most modern drum machines made in the 2010s and 2020s also allow users to program their own rhythms and beats.

        Drum machines may create sounds using analog synthesis or play prerecorded samples.

        Here’s our recommended drum machine software captured in one of our legendary rating charts. We only feature free and open source goodness.

      • This App Tells When the Next Rocket will Launch in Linux Desktop / Phone | UbuntuHandbook

        For spaceflight enthusiasts, there’s now a GTK4 app for Linux Desktop and Phone (e.g., PinePhone, Librem 5) to keep track of upcoming rocket launches.

        It’s “Space Launch”, an open-source app gets data of the launches from spacelaunchnow.me. The app displays the next upcoming launches with information about the company and/or manufacturer, such as Rocket Lab and SpaceX. The location, date and time, and count down for the rocket launches.

      • Warning: Do not upgrade to NordVPN 3.12.1 on GNU/Linux.

        After the “no US servers will connect” problem on 3.12.0, I found that if you log into it via nordaccount (OAuth) then it will let you connect to US servers again.

        Today, their apt repo offered 3.12.1, and under that version, no US servers are available no matter how you log in. It goes back to logging you into another country and limiting you to that country’s servers for an entire day, and then picking another country, apparently, like 3.12 does if you use username/password.

      • APT 2.3.12 package manager released, will no longer let you break everything

        After the issues that happened with Linus from Linus Tech Tips breaking Pop!_OS during the switch to Linux challenge, the APT package manager has been upgraded to prevent future issues happening.

        We covered the problem in our previous article, where System76 were going to apply their own fix to prevent a dialogue appearing that allowed users to end up removing essential packages. At the same time, System76 were also talking with the APT team to get an official fix and one has now been created and released with APT 2.3.12.

        The issue shouldn’t have come up often, and was the result of the Steam package breaking, with APT in terminal mentioning lots of different things that could easily confuse users. To continue you needed to enter “Yes, do as I say!” to progress, which you should probably never do since the warning was there for a reason – essential packages being removed.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to Format Storage Drives Using the Linux Terminal

        A storage device is an integral part of your computer hardware and computing in general. Used for storing processed data, storage devices come in many different forms. Some of the most common ones include external or internal hard drives, flash disks, CDs, etc.

        This guide will show you how to format a storage device right from the Linux terminal.

      • How to install PHPStorm on Ubuntu 21.04 – NextGenTips

        In this tutorial guide I will take you through the installation of PHPStorm on Ubuntu 21.04.

        PHPStorm is a proprietary, cross-platform IDE for PHP. It provides an editor for PHP, Javascript and HTML with on-the-fly code analysis, error prevention and automated refactoring for PHP and Javascript code.

      • Install Nagios NRPE Agents on Debian 11/Debian 10 – kifarunix.com

        This guide describes how to easily install Nagios NRPE agents on Debian 11/Debian 10. If you want to monitor your Debian hosts using Nagios server, then you need to have the NRPE agents installed on these hosts. Nagios Remote Plugin Executor (NRPE) allows you to remotely execute Nagios plugins on other Linux/Unix machines to query machine metrics such as disk usage, CPU load, etc.

      • Mount a remote folder with sshfs – Tips and Tricks

        Sometimes you just need to copy some files between two computers, you can do that with scp, sftp or rsync. But some of those times you also need to navigate the remote folders and those three options are too cumbersome. A quick&dirty solution is to mount a remote folder with sshfs.

        You could export that folder with NFS, Samba or some other network filesystem, but you’ll need to deal with config files, firewalls,… But you surely have already an ssh access to your remote system. If you don’t, you shouldn’t been here.. I think xD

      • I got a ton of Flatpak platform updates today. That went well.

        Today, nearly every platform Flatpak that my GNOME/GTK applications depend on and some that my KDE and Qt applications depend on got updated.

        Since Flatpak can download only the files the programs need, and then only the files in the Flatpaks that have changed, you can actually bring in many upgrades so fast that it’s like engaging the hyperdrive.

        So, not only do I have fairly new applications to run without disturbing my underlying Debian system, they’re easy to maintain.

        Fedora used to use patch updates in RPMs and then they turned it off reckoning that everyone has fast and unmetered Internet access anyway.

      • How to install Garuda Linux

        Garuda Linux is a rolling operating system based on Arch Linux. It uses Arch packages and Arch technologies like Pacman. However, unlike Arch Linux, users do not need to build it from scratch to install it, as it comes with a graphical installer.

        Garuda offers a wide variety of Linux desktops, but it primarily focuses on the KDE Plasma desktop. If you love Arch and want a solid KDE experience, follow this guide to learn how to install Garuda Linux.

        Note: to install Garuda Linux, you must have a computer with at least 1 GB of RAM and a USB flash drive with at least 1 GB of storage space.

      • How to install Endeavour OS

        Endeavour OS is a rolling Linux operating system based upon Arch Linux. The project is a successor to Antergos, and it aims to provide an easy way to set up Arch Linux with a slick graphical UI. Here’s how you can get Endeavour OS working on your computer.

        Note: to install Endeavour OS, you must have a computer with at least 1 GB of RAM and a USB flash drive with at least 1 GB of storage space.

      • How To Set Charge Thresholds For Some Huawei MateBooks, LG Gram, Lenovo, Samsung Or ASUS Laptops On Linux With TLP – Linux Uprising Blog

        TLP is a command line advanced Linux power management tool that helps save laptop battery power. It’s designed to install and forget about it, TLP taking care of everything automatically. TLP is highly configurable though, so you can tweak it to suit your specific needs, either to manual editing of its configuration file (/etc/tlp.conf), or by using TLPUI, a third-party GUI for TLP.

        With version 1.4, TLP has added support for setting start and/or stop charge battery thresholds for some laptops: ASUS, Huawei MateBooks, LG Gram, Lenovo (now for non-Thinkpads too; Thinkpads have been supported for a while) and Samsung. This article explains how to use this TLP feature to set start and/or stop thresholds in case you own a supported laptop.

      • Reset Root Password In Fedora 35 – OSTechNix

        Have you forgotten the root password in Fedora? Or do you want to change the root user password in your Fedora system? No problem! This brief guide walks you through the steps to change or reset root password in Fedora operating systems.

        Step 1 – Switch on your Fedora system and press ESC key until you see the GRUB boot menu. Once the GRUB menu is appeared, choose the Kernel you want to boot and hit e to edit the selected boot entry.

      • How to Upgrade CentOS 7 to CentOS 8 Linux

        In this article, you will learn how to upgrade CentOS 7 to CentOS 8.5 release. The steps described herein do not depict the official upgrade and this should not be applied to a production server yet.

      • How to Migrate from CentOS 8 to AlmaLinux 8.5

        In our earlier guide, we walked you through the installation of AlmaLinux. If you have CentOS 8 installed, an automated migration script is available to help you migrate seamlessly to the latest version of AlmaLinux 8.5 without uninstalling and performing a fresh installation.

        There is also a similar script from Oracle Linux, that helps you to migrate from CentOS to Oracle Linux.

      • How to Install MariaDB 10.7 on Debian 11 Bullseye – LinuxCapable

        MariaDB is one of the most popular open-source databases next to its originator MySQL. The original creators of MySQL developed MariaDB in response to fears that MySQL would suddenly become a paid service due to Oracle acquiring it in 2010. With its history of doing similar tactics, the developers behind MariaDB have promised to keep it open source and free from such fears as what has happened to MySQL.

        MariaDB has become just as popular as MySQL with developers, with features such as advanced clustering with Galera Cluster 4, faster cache/indexes, storage engines, and features/extensions that you won’t find in MySQL.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install MariaDB 10.7 on Debian 11 Bullseye.

      • Automating Baremetal Node Creation for Ironic | Adam Young’s Web Log

        Sometime your shell scripts get out of control. Sometimes you are proud of them. Sometimes….both.

        I need to be able to re-add a bunch of nodes to an OpenStack cluster on a regular basis. Yes, I could do this with Ansible, but, well, Ansible is great for doing something via SSH, and this just needs to be done here and now. So shell is fine.

        This started as a one liner, and got a bit bigger.

        This is a utility script that I keep modifying as I need new things from it. I have not cleaned it up or anything, but I find it works OK as is and is not too big that I lose sight of what it is doing.

      • A Horrible Conversion from Binary to Decimal in Assembly | Adam Young’s Web Log

        This is not my finest code. It is the worst case of “just make it work” I’ve produced all week.

        But it runs.

        What does it do? It takes the first binary number in an array, and converts it to decimal. It assumes that the number is no more than 3 digits long.

        It divides that number by 100 to get the 100s digit. Then it multiples that number by 100, assuming that it has gotten truncated. It subtracts that value from the original number to chop off the 100s digit, and divides the result by 10 to get the 10s digit.

        Similar process to get the 1s digit.

      • 3 types of monitoring and some open source tools to get started | Enable Sysadmin

        Most system administrators have experienced some kind of abrupt, unknown failure with technology and wished they had a way to predict (and possibly prevent) these kinds of issues from happening—especially when it could otherwise mean late-night calls, paperwork explaining outages, and complicated remediation plans.

      • How To Enable BBR on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to enable BBR on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Bottleneck Bandwidth and Round-trip propagation time, or BBR, is a congestion control algorithm that powers traffic from google.com and YouTube, Google Cloud Platform, and Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Google developed the algorithm, and it can produce higher throughput and lower latency for traffic from your server.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step configure BBR on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

      • How To Install Telnet on Debian 11 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Telnet on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, Telnet is a terminal emulation program for TCP/IP networks that allows you to access another computer on the Internet or local area network by logging in to the remote system. Telnet listens to all the requests by the user usually on TCP port 23, but you can change it accordingly.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the Telnet on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

      • How to install PHP 5.6 and 7.0 – 7.4 as PHP-FPM & FastCGI for ISPConfig 3.1 with apt on Debian 8 to 10

        This tutorial shows how to install multiple PHP versions on an ISPConfig Debian server. The PHP version can later be selected in the ISPConfig 3 website settings for each site individually. This feature works with PHP-FPM and FastCGI. We will install PHP 5.6 and 7.x as a PHP-FPM and a FastCGI version on a Debian server by using the PHP packages from sury.org.

      • How to integrate ONLYOFFICE Docs with Redmine on Ubuntu

        ONLYOFFICE Docs is an open-source office suite distributed under GNU AGPL v3.0. It comprises web-based viewers and collaborative editors for text documents, spreadsheets, and presentations highly compatible with OOXML formats.

        ONLYOFFICE Docs can be integrated with various cloud services such as Nextcloud, ownCloud, Seafile, Alfresco, Plone, etc., as well as embedded into your own solution. The editors can also be used as a part of the complete productivity solution ONLYOFFICE Workspace.

        Redmine is a free and open-source project management and issue tracking tool that comprises per project wikis and forums, time tracking, and flexible role-based access control. With integrated ONLYOFFICE Docs, you are able to edit and co-author office documents directly from Redmine.

      • How to Install Laravel Framework on Ubuntu – VITUX

        Laravel is an open-source and cross-platform PHP framework that is hailed by web developers everywhere. Laravel is built by Symfony framework and works on model-view-controller pattern. It is highly regarded because it cuts down the grunt work and lets the developers do the real work.

        In this article, You will learn how you can install and set up the Laravel framework on your Ubuntu System.

      • How to Install Brave Browser on Fedora, Red Hat & CentOS

        Brave is an increasingly popular web browser for Linux and other operating system. The focus on blocking ads and tracking by default along with Chrome extension support has made Brave a popular choice among Linux users.

        In this tutorial, you’ll learn to install Brave on Fedora Linux. You’ll also learn about updating it and removing it.

        The tutorial has been tested on Fedora but it should also be valid for other distributions in the Red Hat domain such as CentOS, Alma Linux and Rocky Linux.

      • How to Install KDE Plasma Desktop on Rocky Linux 8 – LinuxCapable

        The name KDE comes from “K Desktop Environment.” For those not familiar with KDE Desktop, it is a free, open-source desktop environment. It provides Linux users on various distributions an alternative graphical interface to customize their desktop environment and applications for everyday use enhancement.

        In Rocky Linux’s case, this is Gnome. Besides the graphical enhancements and changes, it is also a lightweight, fast, smooth environment with superior performance compared to native shipped desktops with some Linux Distributions.

        In the following tutorial, you will have learned how to install KDE Desktop Environment on your Rocky Linux 8 operating system.

      • How to install RabbitMQ in Ubuntu 20.04 – Citizix

        In this guide we will explore how to install the latest release of RabbitMQ in Ubuntu 20.04 Server or Workstation

        RabbitMQ is an open source message broker software that implements the Advanced Message Queuing Protocol (AMQP). RabbitMQ works by receiving messages from publishers (applications that publish them) and routes them to consumers (applications that process them).

      • How to install and configure Grafana with Podman on Rocky LInux.

        In this tutorial guide we are going to install and configure Grafana with Podman on a Rocky LInux server.

        Grafana is a complete observability stack that allows you to monitor and analyze logs, metrics and traces.

        Grafana allows you to query, visualize, alert on and understand your data insight. Grafana can create, explore and create beautiful dashboards that can be shared with your teams.

        Podman is a daemonless, open source, Linux native tool designed to make it easy to find, run, build, share and deploy applications using Open Container Initiative (OCI) containers and container images. Containers can be run as root or as a regular user.

      • How to convert XLS and JSON files to CSV in Linux with csvkit – TechRepublic

        I can’t tell you how many times I’ve had to work to upload data to a new system (be it a CMS, CRM, HRM … you name it), only to find out the platform wouldn’t accept the file format I had available. I might have a spreadsheet or JSON file with tons of data, but the system would only accept a CSV file.

      • GNU Linux How to – baby lock keyboard and (touchpad aka) mouse
      • 2 ways to install MailSpring on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa

        Connecting over email service using the internet connection is not a new thing, it has been there for decades. And to use this service an email account is often a prerequisite for logging and receiving messages. Whereas various E-mail clients help us to smoothly manage our emails, especially if we have multiple e-mail accounts. Out of such clients, one is Mailspring. It is a free and open-source mail client with all the basic functions you want, however, if that is not enough the pro version of the Mailspring is available for Linux such as Ubuntu 20.04/Debian/CentOS, etc, macOS, and Windows… These include pro functions such as later sending, extensive contact profiles, and link tracking.

        Being an email client it can handle multiple e-mail accounts and collects incoming e-mails in a common inbox. Mailspring supports IMAP / SMTP accounts and can handle mails from various services such as Gmail, G Suite, Yahoo, iCloud, Fast Mail Microsoft Office 365. Exchange accounts, however, are currently not supported. Touch gestures and keyboard shortcuts (can be customized) can be used for control. Furthermore, the e-mail client can handle receipts and offers a quick search.

    • Games

      • Soul Tolerance, an investigative RPG from Chaosmonger Studio is on Kickstarter | GamingOnLinux

        Soul Tolerance is the newest title planned by Chaosmonger Studio developer of previous titles like ENCODYA, Clunky Hero and the Robot Will Protect You animation.

        A sci-fi mystery set in the city of Sapporo 2214, it’s an investigative RPG with turn-based combat that the developer says is unique to the genre. In the game you will explore a beautiful world in voxel art, populated solely by robots. On your travels you will speak to various characters, hunt for clues, craft your own minions, and discover a secret that could upset the entire Earth. They say it’s “Disco Elysium meets Cloudpunk meets Divinity: Original Sin”.

      • Video Gaming Like It’s 1983: New Game Cartridges From Atari | Hackaday

        If you remember anything from 1983, it’s likely to be some of the year’s popular culture highlights, maybe Return of the Jedi, or Michael Jackson’s Thriller. For anyone connected with the video gaming industry though, it’s likely that year will stick in the mind for a completely different reason, as the year of the infamous Great Video Games Crash. Overcapacity in the console market coupled with a slew of low quality titles caused sales to crash and a number of companies to go out of business, and the console gaming world would only recover later in the decade with the arrival of the Japanese 8-bit consoles from Nintendo and Sega. You might expect Atari to shy away from such a painful period of their history, but instead they are embracing it as part of their 50th anniversary and launching three never-released titles on cartridges for their 8-bit 2600 console.

      • Today in Windows “11”, Intel audio drivers trigger Blue Screen of Death.

        This sort of thing isn’t even uncommon. It doesn’t take a massive change to Windows to trigger it. Things like this and worse already happened in cumulative updates to Windows 10 which did not have big change logs.

        On GNU/Linux systems, kernel panics are almost unheard of, even with Intel’s shitty uEFI firmware and processor bugs.

      • Terraria x Don’t Starve Together is an indie crossover live for both games now | GamingOnLinux

        Today the Terraria x Don’t Starve Together crossover event is live, with both games seeing an update with elements of the other appear. Sounds like a lot of fun and a surprisingly good fit between them.

        Why though? During the 10th anniversary of Terraria, the developer was asked “If you could implement another crossover into Terraria, what franchise would you choose?” and they replied “If I had to pick just one I would love to do something with Don’t Starve Together”. Shortly after, chats began and this is the result from both development teams.

      • I Love Arch, But GNU Guix Is My New Distro

        I wrote recently about building my new gaming desktop where, if you weren’t blinded by all the lights, I also noted that I’ve moved from Arch to GNU Guix as my distro of choice. Why? And what is Guix? (And no, it is just coincidental that Valve is going all-in with Arch on the Deck.)

        While I’ll get to details on both below, perhaps the simplest answer to “why” is because I just like tinkering. As I’ve written before, that’s very much at the heart of why I love to use Linux and can’t seem to just let a computer be without messing with it in some way. There’s plenty of good reasons why I think this is valuable (from learning to openness), but perhaps foremost it is fun.

        So let me lead with this: Guix, for me, is the most fun I’ve had in Linux in a long time. There are some clear epochs in my Linux life, like being on the bleeding edge as 64-bit went mainstream, compiling kernels (and everything else) on Gentoo, to more recently VFIO and then Proton. Distros in my life have mostly gone from Debian to Gentoo to Arch, to what I think is now my “forever $HOME”: GNU Guix. I’ve always wanted to see what the latest and greatest is: Guix is new and different in a way that truly moves the Linux scene forward.

      • GTA modders behind re3 and reVC fire back in court [Ed: They should have deleted GitHub]

        The ongoing saga of modders versus Take-Two continues on, after some people behind the Grand Theft Auto fan projects “re3″ and “reVC” got their work taken down from GitHub and then sued.

        With the two projects, the developers recreated the game engines used for Grand Theft Auto III and Vice City, which were done through reverse engineering. There was a bit of back and forth as Take-Two sent a DMCA claim to have the projects taken down, a counter-claim was filed that put both back up and then Take-Two formally sent in the lawyers with the lawsuit to get payments in damages.

      • Beyond All Reason is shaping up to be a truly massive RTS | GamingOnLinux

        Based on the SpringRTS game engine, which itself started off by getting Total Annihilation into 3D, Beyond All Reason is going to be a standalone free RTS and it’s coming along nicely.

        The developers announced recently how they’ve been hacking away at the old Spring engine, to bring the performance up to modern standards. Some of what they’ve added in includes a whole new multithreaded pathing system, along with moving to modern OpenGL4 rendering. The result is impressive with better performance, and support for thousands more units and buildings in a single game.

      • The Go Godot Jam 2 starts November 19 | GamingOnLinux

        Ready to try out the free and open source Godot Engine? Here’s a fun chance. As part of the month-long Go Godot Jam 2 Festival, their Game Jam will start soon!

        The main target for the whole thing is of course the Godot audience, however the Festival as a whole is hoping to bring in new people into gave development and showcase Godot as a solid alternative for people looking to switch engines. Officially, the actual Game Jam starts on November 19 but at 10PM UTC the timer ticking down on the itch.io page is up where the actual theme will be revealed.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • KDE Frameworks – Part 2

          CMake is increasingly becoming the de-facto build system for C++ projects. While it has been possible to build Qt applications using CMake for a long time, with Qt6, Qt switched its own internal build system to CMake.

          The KDE Community was among the first large, open-source projects that adopted CMake about 15 years ago. Over this time, a lot of experience with CMake has accumulated in the community and solutions for recurring problems have been implemented.

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • Introducing GNOME Crosswords

          Howdy folks! I want to announce a game for GNOME that I’ve been working on for a few months.

          I’ve always enjoyed solving Crossword puzzles. It’s something I grew up doing as a kid, and we continue to do them as a family at the dinner table at night. I’ve wanted to try my hand at writing crosswords for a while, but there isn’t really a good tool available for doing so, and certainly no free software ones that work well with a recent GNOME release. I recently bought myself a lovely new Fedora-loaded Lenovo, and after it arrived, I thought I’d take a shot at writing such a tool.

        • FCC unlock procedure updates in ModemManager 1.18.4

          If you own a laptop (Dell, HP, Lenovo) with a WWAN module, it is very likely that the modules are FCC-locked on every boot, and the special FCC unlock procedure needs to be run before they can be used.

          Until ModemManager 1.18.2, the procedure was automatically run for the FCC unlock procedures we knew about, but this will no longer happen. Once 1.18.4 is out, the procedure will need to be explicitly enabled by each user, under their own responsibility, or otherwise implicitly enabled after installing an official FCC unlock tool provided by the manufacturer itself.

    • Distributions

      • Pulseaudio MSCW change default sink fix

        As I have reported recently the Multiple Sound Card Wizard is ALSA-centric, with bluez-alsa support bolted on last year, and a first attempt to bolt on pulseaudio support. Now, attempting to improve the pulseaudio support.

        The code is still based on setting the default sound card in /etc/asound.conf, though that might turn out to be limiting.

      • Show-stopper ALSA bug fixed

        The guys testing Easy 3.1.10 reported after plugging in a USB sound adapter, after a reboot, there was no network connection.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • 6 leadership rules I rewrote during the pandemic

          If this article began with a cartoon representing how much time had passed since the start of the pandemic, you’d see a caricature of me with a waist-length ZZ Top-style beard, scratching lines on the wall of my cell to indicate each day that had passed. Each day would be represented by a single line, and the wall would be covered with hundreds of lines.

          During those 500+ days, I haven’t been on a plane or in an office, yet I may have accomplished more than in any other period of my career. I’m sure some road warriors will read that and be saddened. But for me, it served as a semi-sabbatical from the traditional office and gave me a chance to evolve how I work as a CIO.

        • How active listening can make you a better leader

          In today’s digital workplace, listening can be harder than ever. We are continuously inundated with waves of information battling for our attention. Just as you’re collecting your thoughts from one meeting, you’re heading straight into the next.

          Listening is one of the most powerful tools you possess as a leader. It helps you build trust and foster loyalty. It lets others know that they are important to you and that you value what they have to say.

          Unfortunately, many leaders don’t carry this awareness and never learned how to effectively listen. In fact, less than two percent of all professionals have had formal training to improve their listening skills.

        • Runtime profiling in OpenJDK’s HotSpot JVM

          In a previous article, I explained that OpenJDK’s Just-in-Time (JIT) compiler relies heavily on speculation to achieve higher performance. This optimization technique generates code under an assumption that is expected to be correct but can’t be proven certain. If the assumption turns out to be wrong, the JIT compiler prevents incorrect execution by returning control to the bytecode interpreter. This process is called deoptimization.

          This article explains how profiling at runtime can improve speculation and contribute to optimization in other ways. I’ll show examples of profile data collected at runtime, explain how the JIT compiler uses the data, and illustrate the benefits of runtime profiling.

        • Build and store universal application images on OpenShift

          After designing a universal application image that will run well on Kubernetes or Red Hat OpenShift—and that will pass Red Hat Container Certification—your next consideration is how to successfully build and store each image. This article discusses how to use a build pipeline to implement two best practices: Automating compliance with the Open Container Initiative (OCI) and tagging each image with a unique identifier. Using a build pipeline to build and store images automates the process and makes it repeatable and reliable. I’ll also discuss the Red Hat Container Certification requirements for each of these best practices.

        • Design an authorization cache for Envoy proxy using WebAssembly

          This article introduces a high-level design to implement an authorization cache associated with the Envoy proxy using WebAssembly. The goal of this project is to reduce the latencies of HTTP requests passing through the Envoy proxy by reducing the traffic to the service responsible for authentication and authorization of requests. The cache stores data about authorization so that the external service needs to be contacted only on cache misses, instead of for every HTTP request.

          We also provide the source code of an authorization cache that interacts with Red Hat 3scale API Management. The cache was implemented as a part of the Google Summer of Code 2021 project.

          This article is the first in a two-part series. This first article introduces a high-level, generic design that will give you a basic idea of the cache’s overall functionality. The second part explains the major design decisions and implementation details.

        • Rocky Linux 8.5 Now Available with Secure Boot Support

          The latest iteration of CentOS alternative, Rocky Linux has arrived and includes numerous updates as well as support for Secure Boot.

          Soon after Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.5 was released, AlmaLinux 8.5 Stable was made available. Not to be outshined, the original developer of CentOS has unleashed the 8.5 version of Rocky Linux, which introduces a crucial feature for mass adoptions, Secure Boot support.

          Main developer (and original creator of CentOS), Gregory Kurtzer, says of this release, “There was an amazing amount of work and collaboration that went into this release. The Rocky Release Engineering team went far and above the call of duty to make 8.5 a reality so quickly.”

        • Implementing ANSSI security recommendations for RHEL 7 and 8

          Maintaining security for Linux systems can be a complex task, especially as your number of servers and applications increases. The SCAP Security Guide, which is used in various Red Hat technologies like Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), Red Hat Insights and Red Hat Satellite, can help you maintain system compliance with select security baselines.

          In this post, we’ll share some details about the SCAP profiles for ANSSI-BP-028, a guideline published by Agence nationale de la sécurité des systèmes d’information (ANSSI), the French National Information Security Agency, and how you use them to assist in hardening your RHEL 7 and 8 environments.

        • How Discover implemented automation as an organization-wide strategy

          Over the past several years, Discover has seen significant growth in our product offerings and in our market share. Behind the scenes, this requires tremendous operational rigor to maintain. With a company of our size and the vast number of processes that span across the business, it becomes clear just how important automation is to our success. Especially within the financial services industry, which is highly regulated, the ability to create predictable and consistent processes is key to unlocking the ability to innovate and continuing our growth trend.

          When our CIO joined the company two years ago, he initiated a transition to a product-based organization, which required focus on fundamental pillars like reliability, tech-optimization and automation as key enablers for its success. Pockets of automation activity had popped up organically, but connectivity across the company was missing. So, we launched Extreme Automation – a dedicated program to holistically push toward a true culture of automation. Our ambitious vision was for each manual process across Discover to be understood, optimized, automated or eliminated.

        • Build RHEL images for Azure with Image Builder [Ed: Red Hat is sucking up to Microsoft again…]
        • Red Hat Shares ― Artificial intelligence & machine learning

          Artificial intelligence (AI) is rules-based software that performs tasks typically accomplished with human intervention. Machine learning (ML) is a subset of AI in which the AI is able to learn and develop over time. These two terms are often combined as AI/ML. AI/ML helps organizations extract insights and value from the massive amounts of data they collect.

          While the term may conjure images of robots and science fiction, real-world AI/ML applications are shaping societies in numerous (and sometimes unexpected) ways. According to Grand View Research, “the global [AI] market size was valued at US$62.35 billion in 2020 and is expected to expand” to US$997.8 billion by 2028. It’s no wonder with all sorts of industries using AI/ML―including to advance breast cancer detection, help reduce road deaths, improve education, and even help people invest via “AI-powered robo-advisors.”

      • Debian Family

        • Proxmox VE 7.1 is Now Available, Includes Many New Highlights

          Proxmox has released version 7.1 of Proxmox Virtual Environment based on Debian Bullseye 11.1, but using a newer Linux kernel 5.13.

          Proxmox VE (Virtual Environment) is a complete, open source server management platform for enterprise virtualization. It integrates the KVM (Kernal-based Virtual Machine) hypervisor and Linux Containers (LXC), software-defined storage, and networking functionality on a single platform.

          One of the greatest features of Proxmox is its managed web-based interface, accessible after installation. This means that you can manage Proxmox through the web interface based on the javascript framework, and it allows the administrator to control all features.

          Yesterday the Enterprise software developer Proxmox Server Solutions GmbH has released version 7.1 of its server virtualization management platform, Proxmox Virtual Environment, so let’s check what’s new.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Web Browsers

        • Chromium

          • Chrome Releases: Beta Channel Update for Desktop

            The Chrome team is excited to announce the promotion of Chrome 97 to the Beta channel for Windows, Mac and Linux. Chrome 97.0.4692.20 contains our usual under-the-hood performance and stability tweaks, but there are also some cool new features to explore – please head to the Chromium blog to learn more!

          • Chrome 97 Beta Released With WebTransport API, HDR Media Queries – Phoronix

            Most notable with today’s Chrome 97 beta release is initial support for WebTransport. WebTransport is a protocol framework similar to WebRTC data channels but principally for clients constrained by the web security model to communicate with a remote server using a secure, multi-plexed transport. WebTransport uses the HTTP/3 protocol for bidirectional transport. Unlike WebSockets that is TCP-based, WebTransport relies on UDP-like datagrams and cancellable streams. Learn more about WebTransport via the W3C working draft at W3.org.

          • Chrome 97: WebTransport, New Array Static Methods and More

            Unless otherwise noted, changes described below apply to the newest Chrome beta channel release for Android, Chrome OS, Linux, macOS, and Windows. Learn more about the features listed here through the provided links. Chrome 97 is beta as of November 18, 2021.

          • Simplified Storage Controls

            Starting today, we will be rolling out this change to M97 Beta, we will be re-configuring our Privacy and Security settings related to data a site can store (e.g. cookies). Users can now delete all data stored by an individual site by navigating to Settings > Privacy and Security > Site Settings > View permissions and data stored across files, where they’ll land on chrome://settings/content/all. We will be removing the more granular controls found when navigating to Settings > Privacy and Security > Cookies and other site data > See all cookies and site data at chrome://settings/siteData from Settings. This capability remains accessible for developers, the intended audience for this level of granularity, in DevTools.

        • Mozilla

          • The magic of mouse gestures – Firefox Add-ons Blog

            Mouse gestures are mouse movement and key combinations that give you the power to customize the way you maneuver around web pages. If your online work requires a fair amount of distinct, repetitive activity—things like rapid page scrolling, opening links in background tabs, closing batches of open tabs, etc.—the right mouse gesture can make a major impact on your task efficiency. Here are a few browser extensions that provide excellent mouse gesture features…

          • Firefox Nightly: These Weeks in Firefox: Issue 104

            A big thank you to all the Outreachy applicants who applied for this cycle.

      • SaaS/Back End/Databases

        • PostgreSQL: pgAdmin 4 v6.2 Released

          The pgAdmin Development Team is pleased to announce pgAdmin 4 version 6.2. This release of pgAdmin 4 includes 22 bug fixes and new features. For more details please see the release notes.

          pgAdmin is the leading Open Source graphical management tool for PostgreSQL. For more information, please see the website.

        • PostgreSQL: Pgpool-II 4.2.6, 4.1.9, 4.0.16, 3.7.21 and 3.6.28 released.

          Pgpool-II is a tool to add useful features to PostgreSQL, including..

        • PostgreSQL: StackGres 1.0.0 released: Open Source Postgres-aaS with 120+ Extensions

          StackGres 1.0.0 is an Open Source Postgres-as-a-Service that runs on any Kubernetes environment. StackGres is the Postgres platform with more Postgres extensions available: 120 as of today. Many more to come in the future.

        • PostgreSQL: Nordic PGDay 2022 calls for papers and sponsors open

          Having been canceled the past two years due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Nordic PGDay is once again scheduled to be an in-person event for the Nordic PostgreSQL community. The format is like before: a one-day single-track event – packed with great content but in a room big enough to ensure desired social distancing.

          Our call for papers is now open, accepting proposals until the end of the year. We welcome speakers from all parts of the world, all talks will be given in English. Technical details, case studies, good ideas or bad ideas — all are good ideas for topics. All speakers get free entrance, so it’s also a good excuse to come visit Finland!

      • Productivity Software/LibreOffice/Calligra

        • German state planning to switch 25,000 PCs to LibreOffice (and GNU/Linux)

          The north-German state of Schleswig-Holstein plans to switch to open source software, including LibreOffice, in its administration and schools.

          In doing so, the state wants to reduce its dependence on proprietary software, and eventually end it altogether. By the end of 2026, Microsoft Office is to be replaced by LibreOffice on all 25,000 computers used by civil servants and employees (including teachers), and the Windows operating system is to be replaced by GNU/Linux.

          The necessary steps for this are specified in the planning of the Schleswig-Holstein state parliament (German), as digital minister Jan Philipp Albrecht explains in an interview with c’t (also German – Google Translate version here).

      • FSFE

        • Dutch government formation: open letter on Free Software and Public Money? Public Code!

          The Dutch government is about to form itself and setting up goals for the next term. With an open letter, the FSFE urges the coalition parties to implement the “open, unless” policy of 2020 and thus the principle of Public Money? Public Code!

          Free Software gives everybody the right to use, study, share, and improve software. This right helps support other fundamental freedoms like freedom of speech, press and privacy. With the principle of “Public Money? Public Code!” implemented, the government will improve the transparency and digital sovereignty.

      • Public Services/Government

        • Looking for Open Source Code Repositories? The French Government Has Your Back

          The French government showed last week just how all-in they are when it comes to open technologies — especially open source software.

          Speaking at the close of the inaugural Open Source Experience conference in Paris, France’s Public Transformation and Civil Service Minister Amélie de Montchalin spelled out the French government’s plans for open source, which included an announcement of the launch of the code.gouv.fr platform, a two-year-in-the-making project that has ambitions to inventory all source code published by public organizations.

          During her address, she indicated that the French government hopes its actions will will have as “many States seek to embark” on the road to adopting and promoting the use of open technologies, saying, “We must now build the public action of the new century.”

      • Programming/Development

        • Save the planet! Program in C, avoid Python, Perl – CNX Software

          As a former software engineer who’s mostly worked with C programming, and to a lesser extent assembler, I know in my heart that those are the two most efficient programming languages since they are so close to the hardware.

          But to remove any doubts, a team of Portuguese university researchers attempted to quantify the energy efficiency of different programming languages (and of their compiler/interpreter) in a paper entitled Energy Efficiency across Programming Languages published in 2017, where they looked at the runtime, memory usage, and energy consumption of twenty-seven well-known programming languages. C is the uncontested winner here being the most efficient, while Python, which I’ll now call the polluters’ programming language :), is right at the bottom of the scale together with Perl.

          The study goes through the methodology and various benchmarks, but let’s pick the binary-trees results to illustrate the point starting with compiled code.

        • C is the Greenest Programming Language

          Have you ever wondered if there is a correlation between a computer’s energy consumption and the choice of programming languages? Well, a group Portuguese university researchers did and set out to quantify it. Their 2017 research paper entitled Energy Efficiency across Programming Languages / How Do Energy, Time, and Memory Relate? may have escaped your attention, as it did ours.

        • Global variable initialisation in C++

          Today Volker Birk and I were speaking over lunch about object initialisation in C++ and about how weakly defined a program entry point is, because of objects with static storage duration.

          Volker wrote a short program whose output changes after reversing the order of two variable definitions, both out of a main function whose entire body was return 0;. He discussed it in German, on his blog.

        • KDE Frameworks – Part 2

          CMake is increasingly becoming the de-facto build system for C++ projects. While it has been possible to build Qt applications using CMake for a long time, with Qt6, Qt switched its own internal build system to CMake.

          The KDE Community was among the first large, open-source projects that adopted CMake about 15 years ago. Over this time, a lot of experience with CMake has accumulated in the community and solutions for recurring problems have been implemented.

          These solutions are available for everyone in the Extra CMake Modules framework, or ECM, for short.

        • Perl/Raku

        • Rust

          • Niko Matsakis: Rustc Reading Club, Take 2

            Wow! The response to the last Rustc Reading Club was overwhelming – literally! We maxed out the number of potential zoom attendees and I couldn’t even join the call! It’s clear that there’s a lot of demand here, which is great. We’ve decided to take another stab at running the Rustc Reading Club, but we’re going to try it a bit differently this time. We’re going to start by selecting a smaller group to do it a few times and see how it goes, and then decide how to scale up.

          • This Week In Rust: This Week in Rust 417
  • Leftovers

    • YOU Are A Projection Of Your Influences | Hackaday

      Who are you? No, who are you really? You’re an amalgamation of influences from your family, your friends, the media, and the parasocial relationships you have with fictional characters. It’s okay; we all are. It can’t be helped that there’s a lot of it about.

      [Kim Pimmel]’s YOU examines this question of identity in the form of projected typography. YOU are solidly laser-cut at birth, but then come the influences — the water of everyday life that surrounds you, the lights that mask your dread or lay you bare, and the prisms of circumstance that twist the light into brilliant patterns that burn memories into your brain.

    • Hardware

      • Know Audio: Get Into The Groove | Hackaday

        In theory, vinyl is capable of returning higher frequencies than CD, assuming that you as the listener have a decent enough record player. But we’ve also established that unless you are a child you probably won’t be able to hear the difference much if at all.

        The last nail in the vinyl coffin, however, is that while a vinyl record may have the capability to hold more information than a CD, the reality is that these days it’s generated from the same master as its digital rivals, so it has probably been cut from the same 44.1 kHz, 16 bit data stream anyway. Maybe vintage recordings can escape this, but then you need to think about the frequency response of whatever magnetic tape was in the studio back when it was recorded. It might be that the reason that you can’t hear the difference between your vinyl and your CDs is that there isn’t a difference to hear in the first place.

        What is certainly true is that a good quality cartridge, turntable, and amp will deliver a superlative listening experience that is the equal of an uncompressed digital stream. And that a lousy turntable will sound atrocious. So enjoy your vinyl if you still use it, after all there’s a pleasure to be had in the feel and look of a 12″ album and its cover. But perhaps don’t make any claims about it that can’t be substantiated without a calibrated reference 10-year-old child.

      • Minty Tunes Is Wireless Audio In An Altoids Tin | Hackaday

        These days, a lot of phones don’t have audio jacks anymore. It can make it hard to listen to music if your favorite headphones aren’t already wireless-enabled. Minty Tunes solves that problem, combined with a little Altoids tin flair.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Windows 11 issue with Intel audio drivers triggers blue screens
        • Microsoft Continues to Bog Down Edge with Unnecessary Bloat

          Call it the Teamsification of Microsoft Edge: the software giant revealed that it will add yet another superfluous feature to its web browser. And this one is maybe not such a great idea.

        • Microsoft Calls Firefox’s Browser Workaround “Improper,” Will Block It

          Windows 11 lets you choose your default browser, but it takes a lot of clicks and Microsoft sometimes forces you to use Edge, anyway. Firefox had a workaround, but Microsoft calls it “improper” and will soon block it.

        • Free Apple support

          Imagine running a trillion dollar company that bundles various open source components into your products, making billions of dollars of profit annually. When one of your users reach out and ask for help, with the product you ship to your customers, you instead refer the user to the open source project. The project which is run by volunteers which you never sponsored with a cent.

        • There’s something to be said for delayed gratification when Windows 11 is this full of bugs
        • Microsoft Confirms Its Anticompetitive and User Hostile Behavior is Purposeful
        • How Windows 11 May Soon Force You to Use Microsoft Edge

          While browsing through your newly updated Windows 11, you may have noticed that some of the system’s links launch in Microsoft Edge, even if you set Chrome or Firefox to your default browser. If you’re confused about what’s happening, you’re not the only one.

          You’ll notice this happen more often when you launch a link in one of Windows 11′s apps. For example, clicking an article in the “News and Interests” widget always launches itself in Microsoft’s browser, and not whichever browser you’ve set as the default for websites.

          But why is this happening? Let’s dive in and have a closer look.

        • Pseudo-Open Source

        • Security

          • Linux Prepares Straight Line Speculation “SLS” Mitigation For x86/x86_64 CPUs

            Last month I reported on activity around Straight Line Speculation “SLS” mitigation for x86_64 CPUs, similar to the work carried out by Arm last year on their SLS vulnerability. That work on the x86 (x86_64 inclusive) side has now been merged to GCC 12 Git and a kernel patch is expected to come shortly that will flip it on as the latest CPU security protection.

            Prior to a few weeks ago, much of the Straight Line Speculation talk was in reference to mitigating on Arm with GCC and LLVM/Clang having already merged their mitigation. But now there has been increasing x86_64 activity culminating with the GNU Compiler Collection support being merged on Wednesday.

          • TPM sniffing [Ed: Bitlocker is back doored [1, 2]]

            Bitlocker is the Full Disk Encryption (FDE) solution offered by Microsoft for its Windows operating systems starting with Windows Vista to protect users’ data at rest. The solution offers various configurations including several ways to store the decryption key. The most common configuration consists in storing the Volume Master Key (VMK) within the Trusted Platform Module (TPM) that is embedded in recent computers.

            This setup is interesting because the decryption is completely transparent to the user. This benefit surpasses others since many companies are reluctant to configure an additional password/PIN for the user to boot its computer. The downside is that it opens the door to several attacks including the TPM sniffing described in this post but also DMA or Cold Boot attacks.

            Under the hood, the TPM checks various system properties during the startup to ensure that the boot sequence has not been altered. If the validation succeeds, the VMK is released and transmitted to the CPU which could start to decrypt the disk and to load the operating system.

          • 14 security vulnerabilities reported in BusyBox Linux utility

            BusyBox is an open-source utility that combines several standard Unix tools such as cp, ls, grep into a single binary or executable file.

            DevOps firm JFrog and industrial cybersecurity company, Claroty’s researchers have published a joint report to share details of fourteen vulnerabilities they identified in the BusyBox Linux utility.

          • Drupal Releases Security Updates | CISA

            Drupal has released security updates to address vulnerabilities that could affect versions 8.9, 9.1, and 9.2. An attacker could exploit these vulnerabilities to take control of an affected system.

            CISA encourages users and administrators to review Drupal Security Advisory SA-CORE-2021-011 and apply the necessary updates.

          • Security updates for Thursday

            Security updates have been issued by CentOS (binutils, firefox, flatpak, freerdp, httpd, java-1.8.0-openjdk, java-11-openjdk, kernel, openssl, and thunderbird), Fedora (python-sport-activities-features, rpki-client, and vim), and Red Hat (devtoolset-10-annobin and devtoolset-10-binutils).

          • Hackers deploy Linux malware, web skimmer on e-commerce servers [Ed: This does not say how the malware gets there (likely nothing to do with Linux), blames Go language (just because people can write malicious programs in Go), and puts Tux logo for FUD’s worth in this Microsoft-connected site; many of the Linux FUD pieces are likely intended to distract from the platform with back doors in it]
          • Claroty and JFrog discover 14 vulnerabilities in Busybox

            Team82 and JFrog have announced the discovery, by using static and dynamic techniques, of 14 vulnerabilities affecting the latest version of BusyBox.

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • Tom Morello Signs Open Letter Denouncing Amazon’s Palm-Scanning Concert Tech

              Over 200 recording artists, including Tom Morello, Mannequin Pussy, Speedy Ortiz, Bikini Kill’s Kathleen Hanna, and Jeff Rosenstock, have signed off on an open letter demanding that Denver’s famed Red Rocks Amphitheater, ticketing company AXS, and its parent company AEG Worldwide, cancel its contracts to begin implementing palm-scanning technology from Amazon for entry at the venue.

              AEG and AXS announced the addition of the Amazon One Palm Recognition service for Red Rocks in September, touting the concept’s potential as a more convenient, secure, and hygienic alternative for concertgoers to be admitted to a venue compared to traditional tickets. The company said it would add the technology to more of its venues in the future. Critics, however, worry implementing palm scanners at shows comes with serious privacy and safety concerns for concertgoers.

            • Former Democratic Party official says you don’t need VPNs now because the Internet is safe.

              The Deep State definitely doesn’t like VPNs. They have the Southern Poverty Law Center defaming VPN (and Brave Browser, and Matrix) users as “extremists and terrorists”, and Apple’s Tim Cook says that if you want privacy from their on-device scanning that can detect any file at all that the government is looking for (Windows already has one called “Defender”), you’re probably a pedophile, and if you want Freedom-respecting software, you can use an Android phone (because it has F-Droid).

            • Privacy Report: What Android Does In The Background | Hackaday

              We’ve come a long way from the Internet of the 90s and early 00s. Not just in terms of technology, capabilities, and culture, but in the attitude most of us take when accessing the ‘net. In those early days most users had a militant drive to keep any personal or identifying information to themselves beyond the occasional (and often completely fictional) a/s/l, and before eBay and Amazon normalized online shopping it was unheard of to even type in a credit card number. On today’s internet we do all of these things with reckless abandon, and to make matters worse most of us carry around a device which not only holds all of our personal information but also reports everything about us, from our browsing habits to our locations, back to databases to be stored indefinitely.

            • Roy Schestowitz asks why I paid for NordVPN with the Google Play Store.

              Roy Schestowitz asks why I pay for VPNs with the Google Play Store.

              My answer: It’s basically a payment condom.

              People complain they give NordVPN their credit card and can’t stop them from billing them again every month after they cancel.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • “The use of FRT does not require any anchoring legislation” – The Meghalaya Government

        In July, 2021, a press release by the Government of Meghalaya stated that facial recognition technology (FRT) would be used to verify the identity of pensioners to issue a Digital Life Certificate. On August 5, 2021, we provided support to Mr. Jade Jeremiah Lyngdoh, a law student, in sending a legal notice to the relevant authorities seeking reconsideration of such use of FRT in view of the possible privacy concerns. The Meghalaya Government by its response dated November 1, 2021 has explained its position. We welcome the department’s reply and believe that it encourages discussion and transparency around FRT, however, the reply suffers from various legal infirmities which we have analysed below.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • No verifiable records of Internet shutdowns available: parliamentary panel

        There were no verifiable, centralised records of Internet shutdowns in the country. Neither the Ministry of Home Affairs nor the Department of Telecom maintain such a record, the parliamentary standing committee on information and technology pointed out in its report adopted on Tuesday.

        The committee, headed by senior Congress leader Shashi Tharoor, pressed for a detailed study on the economic impact owing to frequent and prolonged Internet shutdowns.

    • Monopolies

      • How Does Competition Affect Reputation Incentives? Evidence from Airbnb – Disruptive Competition Project

        Would you ever rent a house you have never seen, whose owner you have never met, in a city you have never visited? Would you ever pay upfront to a person you do not know, and you will never meet, who promises to deliver an object you have never seen? A few decades ago, the answers to these questions would have been negative for most customers. Conversely, nowadays, millions of users rely on digital platforms like Airbnb and eBay to do precisely as described above. How is that possible? How did users around the world start to trust each other after millennia of skepticism?

        An answer to such questions relies on the innovative way digital marketplaces reduce information asymmetry between parties: review systems. In almost all digital platforms, users can review the services they have experienced, providing new information to prospective users.

        My paper “Competition and Reputation in a Congested Marketplace: Theory and Evidence from Airbnb” addresses such questions. Here I study how ratings on Airbnb help hosts to build their reputation, gain the trust of potential guests, and increase their profits.

      • Patents

        • Software Patents

          • Bilibili: Another Chinese Company Joins the Open Invention Network

            On Tuesday, the Durham, North Carolina-based Open Invention Network announced that the Chinese firm Bilbili has thrown its patents into pot to protect the Linux system from patent trolls by becoming an OIN member. Shanghai-based Bilbili operates a video sharing website that focuses on animation, comics, and games. The site has 237 million active monthly users and 20.9 million paying users, according to the data company Statista.

      • Copyrights

Links 18/11/2021: Latte Dock 0.10.4 and $5,000 DIY Raspberry Pi Server

Posted in News Roundup at 7:18 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • Leftovers

    • “Come Writers and Critics…”

      A few years passed and I bought Bill’s book and began reading his sweeping assessment of US interventions around the world since the end of the Second World War. I had been doing some parallel reading, as I’m a devoted fan of the lives and some policies of both Eleanor and Franklin Roosevelt and the parallels between Bill’s writing and the Roosevelts’ actions and points of view during the war, and for Eleanor, following the war, were striking.

      Bill’s research is amazingly thorough. I had the same sense when I read his foreign policy articles at his Internet site, The Anti-Empire Report. Reading Bill’s writing was akin to the awakening of a critical mass from the baby boomer generation of the 1960s and early 1970s. You knew you were onto something earthshaking! It was like a foreign policy epiphany!

    • Resisting the Panopticon

      But, no, Panopto isn’t a spoof out of the pages of The Onion. It’s a Seattle-based company, started in 2007, that sells software for managing “video learning content.” Panopto’s website boasts that more than 1,000 leading businesses and academic institutions use its products. What the company sells to universities is a system for creating searchable libraries of an institution’s “video assets,” which include “lectures, flipped classroom recordings, campus events, guest presentations, athletic competitions, alumni outreach, live webcasts and more.” Panopto indeed.

      Last spring, I learned that North Carolina State University planned to make Panopto available for faculty use. My understanding was that Panopto would be another option, like Screencast or Mediasite, for putting video-recorded course material online, at each faculty member’s discretion. It now appears that administrators intended to use Panopto in a different way.

    • Education

      • Danes the third best non-Anglophone speakers of English in the world

        A global survey of the world’s English-language skills, the English Proficiency Index, has ranked Danes as the third most proficient non-native English-speakers.

        Based on the data of over 1 million standardised EFSET tests conducted in 112 non-English speaking countries, the ranking is conducted annually by the education organisation EF Education First,

        This year Denmark has been pipped to the post by the Netherlands in first place and Austria in second.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • Opinion | US and UK Press Mock New Zealand’s Incredibly Successful Covid Response

        When New Zealand’s Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern announced the country’s transition away from its coronavirus elimination strategy, also known as “zero-Covid,” US and British media outlets framed the decision as a recognition of the inevitable failure of an irrational goal.

      • Does spike protein from COVID-19 vaccines interfere with DNA damage repair?

        Every so often there is a study that goes so viral that people start sending it to me and asking me if there’s anything to it. Sometimes I act and write about such studies; sometimes I do not. Sometimes I roll my eyes at the study and think it’s not worth bothering with, only to see how widely it is being disseminated to spread fear, uncertainty, and doubt about vaccines, cancer treatment, conventional medicine, and the like. When that happens, I generally break down and look at the study. So it has been this week with a study out of Sweden that is being spread far and wide that claims that spike protein gets into the nucleus and interferes with the repair of DNA damage (specifically double-stranded breaks in DNA) by blocking the action of BRCA1, a very important DNA damage repair protein, and 53BP1. For reference, BRCA1 mutations can predispose to a very high lifetime risk of certain cancers, in particular breast and ovarian cancer.

      • ‘Moderna Is Trying to Turn This People’s Vaccine Into a Rich People’s Vaccine’

        Janine Jackson interviewed Public Citizen’s Peter Maybarduk about the NIH/Moderna vaccine patent for the November 12, 2021, episode of CounterSpin. This is a lightly edited transcript.

      • ‘We Need a Global Solution’: Critics Say Biden Plan to Boost Vaccine Supply Not Nearly Enough

        Vaccine equity advocates said the White House’s Wednesday announcement that it plans on ramping up domestic manufacturing to produce an additional one billion Covid-19 shots a year is a welcome step that still fails to meet the urgency of the moment.

        The development, first reported by the New York Times, came amid sustained accusations that rich nations, including the U.S., are contributing to global Covid-19 “vaccine apartheid” by hoarding doses and insufficiently pressuring pharmaceutical companies—who are swirling in profits—to share their technology and know-how to bring the virus that’s killed over five million people worldwide to an end.

      • Air pollution in Europe still killing more than 300,000 a year, report finds

        Premature deaths caused by fine particle air pollution have fallen 10 percent annually across Europe, but the invisible killer still accounts for 307,000 premature deaths a year, the European Environment Agency said Monday.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Jury continues deliberations in Rittenhouse trial

          The videos were placed on a thumb drive and presented to the jurors on what the judge described as a “sanitized” laptop. Jurors viewed those videos in the jury room.


          During a discussion in court this afternoon, prosecutors addressed a motion to dismiss the case by the defense, calling it “factually inaccurate.”

          What is this about: In a motion to dismiss the case filed earlier this week, the defense claimed that, “On November 5, 2021, the fifth day of trial on this case, the prosecution turned over to the defense footage of drone video which captured some of the incident from August 25, 2020. The problem is, the prosecution gave the defense a compressed version of the video.”

          “What that means is the video provided to the defense was not as clear as the video kept by the state,” the motion continued.

          The defense claimed that the version they were given “was only 3.6 megabytes, while the state had a higher resolution version that was 11.2 megabytes.”

        • Rittenhouse defense requests a mistrial after iPhone Mail app compresses key video evidence

          Rittenhouse’s lawyers say they only received a copy of the drone video on November 5th, after the trial started, and that instead of the 11.2MB video possessed by the state, the file they received was just 3.6MB. “What that means is the video provided to the defense was not as clear as the video kept by the state,” the motion for mistrial claims.

        • Noyb files another complaint against Amazon Europe – black box algorithm discriminates customers

          The GDPR requires transparency regarding solely automated individual decisions based on personal data, such as whether or not to allow payment on account. A company using automated decision making must provide the data subject with meaningful information about the logic involved and the scope of the underlying data processing already upon data collection (Article 13(2)(f) or Article 14(2)(g) GDPR). Amazon manifestly violates these provisions. Its privacy policy only contains vague information about some credit checking mechanisms but no explanation whatsoever on how the decision on allowing or rejecting payment via “Monthly Invoicing” is taken.

          Furthermore, under the GDPR any automatically taken decision must be verifiable by humans – who must have the capacity to override the machine’s decision. This is obviously not possible at Amazon, as their billing department clarifies: “This automated decision can have various causes and cannot be adapted manually.” Ironically, Amazon justifies this by saying that customer service cannot see the exact reason for the rejection “for data protection reasons”. Amazon also refused to clarify whether internal information or a negative credit score were used as part of the decision-making process.

        • Security

          • Tech CEO Pleads to Wire Fraud in IP Address Scheme

            The CEO of a South Carolina technology firm has pleaded guilty to 20 counts of wire fraud in connection with an elaborate network of phony companies set up to obtain more than 735,000 Internet Protocol (IP) addresses from the nonprofit organization that leases the digital real estate to entities in North America.

          • Techdirt Podcast Episode 305: Missouri Hasn’t Really Learned Its Lesson

            We’ve got a crossposted episode for you this week: Mike recently joined The Cato Daily Podcast with Caleb O. Brown for a discussion about the “hacking” fiasco in Missouri and the state’s treatment of the journalists who exposed its huge data security flub. It’s a shorter conversation than our usual podcasts, and you can listen to the whole thing on this week’s episode.

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • Artists, Rights Groups Denounce ‘Invasive’ Palm-Scanning of Concertgoers by Amazon

              More than 200 musical artists and 30 human rights groups on Tuesday endorsed a Fight for the Future-led campaign opposing the use of Amazon palm-scanning technology at Colorado’s famous Red Rocks Amphitheatre.

              “Introducing biometric surveillance technology at events, even just for the marginal-at-best ‘convenience’ of making the line move faster, makes music fans less safe.”

            • The SSL Store interview

              My job predominantly within higher education was to research and write on various industries related to the institutions’ academic programs, which included computer science and technology. Then I moved on to a digital marketing agency, where I work for a variety of clients, including some cybersecurity companies—SaaS and MSPs. I learned about cybersecurity and IT security through those experiences, as well as my own research over time.

            • Tor and the humans who use it
            • Help Censored Users, Run a Tor Bridge
            • How to delete your Instagram account

              If you’ve made the decision to delete Instagram, whether because you’ve outgrown the need for a certain finsta or because its parent company Meta is courting controversy again, doing so isn’t as quick or easy as it should be. It can’t even be done from within the Instagram app.

              Go ahead and take a moment to make an obligatory “I’m deleting Instagram” post if you’d like, and then follow these steps to ditch your account — they can be followed using either a computer or phone, as long as you’re using a browser.

            • Facebook’s “Metaverse” Must Be Stopped

              Silicon Valley has a long history of big dreams that are not realized, from the libertarian utopia that the internet was framed as in its early days to the ubiquitous autonomous vehicles that were supposed to have replaced car ownership by now. The metaverse is likely to suffer the same fate, but that doesn’t mean it will have no impact at all. As Brian Merchant has explained, the tech industry is in desperate need of a new framework to throw money at after so many of its big bets from the past decade have failed, and the metaverse could be poised to take that place.

            • Chat Control: The End of the Privacy of Digital Correspondence

              But this is not the end of the story: For autumn 2021, European Commission announced that it will propose a follow-up legislation that will make the use of chatcontrol mandatory for all e-mail and messenger providers. This legislation might then also affect securely end-to-end encrypted communications. However, a public consultation by the Commission on this project showed that the majority of respondents, both citizens and stakeholders, were opposed to an obligation to use chat control. Over 80% of respondents opposed its application to end-to-end encrypted communications. As a result, the Commission postponed the draft legislation originally announced for July to

              December 2021Q1 2022.

            • Why chat control is so dangerous – European Digital Rights (EDRi)

              So far, there are no broad civil society alliances against the proposal, but the protest is just getting louder. MEP Patrick Breyer has put together an info page and calls for action at chatkontrolle.de. He calls on people to contact representatives of the EU Commission, such as the EU Commissioner for Home Affairs, Ylva Johannson, or the EU Commission President, Ursula von der Leyen, via telephone and e-mail and to express their protest. In the coming weeks, civil society alliances and other forms of protest could also emerge. For this, it can be helpful to get involved yourself and contact civil rights and digital organizations about the issue of chat control.

            • Why we have public websites on private IPs (internally)

              In yesterday’s entry about how Chrome may start restricting requests to private networks, I mentioned that we have various public websites that are actually on private IPs, as far as people inside our network perimeter are concerned. You might wonder why. The too-short answer is that we don’t have enough public IPs to go around, but the longer answer is that it’s because of how our internal networks are organized.

            • What you need to know about the Facebook Papers

              Facebook is now undergoing what may be the tech giant’s biggest crisis in its 17-year history. In October, The Washington Post reported that a second Facebook whistleblower came forward to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, alleging that the company prioritises growth over combating hate speech, disinformation, and other threats to the public. The whistleblower’s testimony follows that of former Facebook employee Frances Haugen, whose legal counsel released what’s known as the Facebook Papers — a 10,000-page collection of internal reports, memos, and chat logs leaked to more than a dozen major news outlets.

            • Tinkering with keys weakens encryption

              In short, if you are talking about the security of encryption, you should also be talking about key management. Or maybe especially so. Therefore, a well-known saying (at least among security experts) is, “Hackers don’t break encryption, they find your keys.” We need to worry less about breaking the algorithm and focus more on handling keys. Key management is an integral part of the whole of encryption. You cannot say that you are not weakening the encryption (for example, because you are not modifying the underlying algorithm) if at the same time you are tinkering with the key management or configuration.

            • Confidentiality

              • Singapore fines hotel booking site for leaking 5.9m records • The Register

                Singapore’s Personal Data Protection Commission (PDPC) has issued a fine of SG$74,000 ($54,456) on travel company Commeasure, which operates a travel booking website named RedDoorz that exposed 5.9 million customers’ data – the largest data breach handled by the Commission since its inception.

                The PDPC announced the penalty for “failing to put in place reasonable security arrangements to prevent the unauthorised access and exfiltration of customers’ personal data hosted in a cloud database”.

                RedDoorz started life in Indonesia before moving its operations to Singapore, from where it aggregates budget hotel bookings in select Southeast Asian cities. A user selects a budget hotel from RedDoorz based on photos, area and price, not always knowing the actual name or location of the hotel . When the traveller arrives, the hotel room experience is rebranded as RedDoorz and comes with certain guaranteed services – like WiFi, TV and potable water.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • A Cop Is Finally in Trouble for Using Excessive Force—Against Dogs

        I’ve written recently about qualified immunity, which is the concept that law enforcement or other government officials cannot be held personally liable for the harm they cause doing their jobs. Lawyers and activists have noted that the doctrine essentially shields law officers from accountability when they violate people’s constitutional rights, allowing cops to shoot people and face no consequences. But courts have steadfastly upheld qualified immunity—a fact that has led me to argue that congressional action is the only hope for rolling back the current rules.

      • Pentagon And Its Overseers Suppressed Whistleblowers Who Challenged Massacre In Syria

        This article was funded by paid subscribers of The Dissenter, a project of Shadowproof. Become a paid subscriber and help us expand our work.

        Whistleblowers in the United States military exposed a strike in Syria that resulted in the massacre of around 70 women and children, according to an investigation by the New York Times. The command responsible for the strike conceded a war crime may have taken place, but a report by the Office of the Inspector General for the Defense Department removed this opinion. Officials in the Pentagon impeded an investigation and ensured no one would ever be held accountable for the civilian deaths. They also turned on one of the whistleblowers, forcing them out of their position in the I.G.’s office. What happened proves once again that going through proper channels can be a fruitless and risky career-ending effort. Lisa Ling, a former tech sergeant who worked on drone surveillance systems and is a known whistleblower, reacted, “Again, the public is notified of a ‘possible’ war crime by a brave whistleblower who was eventually forced out of their job.” “This is a pattern that exemplifies the need for robust whistleblower protections especially for the intelligence community so often carved out of them. We need more light shined in these secret spaces so that this doesn’t happen again, and again, and again, without the public knowing what is done in our name.”As the Times reported, on March 18, 2019, “In the last days of the battle against the Islamic State in Syria, when members of the once-fierce caliphate were cornered in a dirt field next to a town called Baghuz, a U.S. military drone circled high overhead, hunting for military targets. But it saw only a large crowd of women and children huddled against a river bank.”U.S. military forces launched a double tap strike. An American F-15E “attack jet” dropped a 500-pound bomb. As survivors scrambled for cover, another jet dropped a 2,000-pound bomb that killed “most of the survivors.” A “high-definition drone” recorded the scene prior to the bombing. Two or three men were near a compound. Though they had rifles, neither engaged coalition forces. Women and children were observed in the area.“At nearly every step, the military made moves that concealed the catastrophic strike. The death toll was downplayed. Reports were delayed, sanitized, and classified,” and the Times added, “Coalition forces bulldozed the blast site.” The strike was the work of a classified U.S. special operations unit known as Task Force 9. They were responsible for the third-worst “casualty event” in Syria. According to the Times, an unnamed Air Force intelligence officer in the Combined Air Operations Center at Al Udeid Air Base in Qatar contacted Lieutenant Colonel Dean Korsak, who was an Air Force lawyer. They were ordered to preserve video and other evidence from the “F-15E squadron and drone crew.” Korsak concluded a “possible war crime” was committed that required an independent investigation. He noted that Task Force 9 was “clearly seeking to cover up” incidents like this strike by logging false entries after the fact—for example, the man had a gun. The Air Force’s Office of Special Investigations was notified. However, as the Times recalled, a major refused to investigate because civilian casualties were only investigated if there was a “potential for media attention, concern with outcry from local community/government, [and/or] concern sensitive images may get out.”

      • Opinion | Steve Bannon and the Deadly Implications of ‘Deconstructing the Administrative State’

        Yale historian Timothy’s Snyder’s Black Earth: The Holocaust as History and Warning was published in 2015. It was a book on a subject that had already received vast attention from historians, but it stood out for its novel thesis: it was traditional bureaucratic state structures which protected persons under their aegis. This applied even during the Holocaust. It was the destruction of the state apparatus or the stripping of persons’ citizenship that made the worst horrors possible.

      • Saudi Coalition Withdrawal from Hodeidah Raises Hopes Yemen War May Be Coming to an End

        In the latest strategic blow to the Saudi-led Coalition in Yemen, forces from the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have withdrawn from three strategic directorates in southern Hodeidah, Yemen’s main entry point. The withdrawal comes on the heels of Ansar Allah’s recent capture of the oil-rich Marib province, the Saudi-backed government’s last northern stronghold.

      • Jacob Chansley, Man Known as “QAnon Shaman” Sentenced for Role in Capitol Attack
      • The Trump Legacy: Threats and Violence

        That legislation sorely was needed because major fixes to the nation’s roads, bridges, ports, tunnels and airports have been ignored for decades. A bridge between Ohio and Kentucky is in such bad shape that even obstructionist Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell of the Bluegrass State voted for the bill.

        Good for the Maverick 13 for shining a light on a despicable cabal of cowards who shamelessly follow the wicked whims of the former president who thinks, or pretends he thinks, he won the election. Trouble is, he’s persuaded a hefty percentage of Republicans that he did.

      • Situation in Belarus closer to military action than migrant crisis – Finnish FM

        In his view, the reason why Belarusian officials directed irregular migrants to the border with Poland was to exploit the current rift between Warsaw and Brussels. However, Haavisto said, Lukashenko has failed to divide the EU.

      • EU readies sanctions for migrant trafficking over Belarus border crisis

        Thousands of migrants from the Middle East are camped out on the EU-Belarus border, creating a stand-off between the EU and US on one side and Belarus and its ally Russia on the other.

        Western countries accuse Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko’s regime of engineering the crisis by encouraging migrants to come to Belarus and then taking them to the border since the summer.

      • More than 600 migrants reach Italy by sea from north Africa

        Italy has seen a sharp increase in boat migrants in recent weeks and the latest mass arrivals will put further pressure on Prime Minister Mario Draghi’s government to secure an agreement with European Union partners over how to deal with the influx.

      • Why the war against jihadists in Mali is going badly

        The biggest Western fight against jihadists is now in Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso. France has about 5,000 soldiers fighting in the region, backed by about 1,000 American troops. Hundreds of European commandos help them and train the Malian army. The UN has almost 15,000 peacekeepers. Yet even with these forces arrayed against them, the insurgents have spread relentlessly across Mali and deep into neighbouring Niger and Burkina Faso. More than 2m people have been forced from their homes and more than 10,000 killed in the past two years (see chart).

    • Environment

      • Opinion | The Climate Crisis Is a Human Rights Crisis

        COP26 ended last weekend and with it, hopes that the negotiations would meaningfully address the needs of Indigenous and frontline communities facing the worst effects of the climate crisis. The United Kingdom, which hosted this year’s COP, promised it would be one of the most inclusive international climate negotiations ever, but in reality, Indigenous and frontline voices were drowned out by the usual chorus of empty climate commitments. 

      • If You Care About the Climate, Pay Attention to Koch Cash

        Earlier this month, President Joe Biden announced new methane restrictions at the COP26 conference, which will require a 30 percent cut in methane emissions by 2030 by more than 100 countries. The move underscores the importance of climate policy regulations, especially in the face of discouraging prospects of national action from Congress. This story was produced for Student Nation, a program of the Nation Fund for Independent Journalism, which is dedicated to highlighting the best of student journalism. For more Student Nation, check out our archive or learn more about the program here. StudentNation is made possible through generous funding from The Puffin Foundation. If you’re a student and you have an article idea, please send pitches and questions to [email protected].

      • Extreme weather outruns the world
      • ‘The water is poison’: Chinese activist spends life protecting polluted lake

        Zhang started to denounce polluting companies who exploited resources or built without permission — often facing an uphill struggle to reach sympathetic ears.

        Local officials simply haven’t done enough to protect the local environment, he says.

        s “Why? Because they had collaborated with these enterprises,” he said.

      • The Celebrity-Backed Green “Fintech” Company That Isn’t as Green as It Seems

        You can save the planet with a swipe of your bank card. That’s the enticing proposition made by a company called Aspiration, which promises to take the leftover change from customers’ purchases and use it to plant trees around the world. Aspiration is on track to spend $149 million this year marketing that message, according to its financial documents, considerably more than the revenues the company expects to take in.

        “Clean rich is the new filthy rich,” Aspiration proclaims on billboards across New York, Texas and California. Other ads, ubiquitous on social media, feature images of Aspiration’s debit card, which depicts a green treescape and is made from recycled plastic. The likes of Leonardo DiCaprio, Orlando Bloom, Robert Downey Jr. and Drake have invested in the company. Aspiration has received enthusiastic press coverage (with the exception of a critical dissection by New York University marketing professor Scott Galloway). And the company won further headlines in September for its reported $300 million, 23-year sponsorship deal with the Los Angeles Clippers, which will feature Aspiration’s name on signs inside the Clippers’ new arena, give the company a role in sustainability initiatives and put its logo on the jersey of every Clippers player.

      • Another Climate Summit Failure
      • Climate Colonialism: Why Was Occupied Western Sahara Excluded from COP26 U.N. Summit in Scotland?

        Activists are criticizing the British government for excluding Western Sahara, occupied by Morocco since 1975, from the U.N. climate summit in Scotland. Meanwhile, Morocco is counting renewable energy developments in Western Sahara towards its own climate pledges. Sahwari activists and the Sahrawi government in exile known as SADR, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, have described this as climate colonialism. Negotiators from Western Sahara independently announced a plan to reduce carbon emissions outside COP26, as the climate crisis has brought extreme weather conditions including drought, extreme heat and flooding to the region. In an interview last week in Glasgow, Scotland while COP26 was underway, Oubi Bouchraya Bachir, a representative of the Polisario Front for Europe and the European Union, estimated 30% of the solar energy produced by Morocco “will be produced from within the illegal context of occupation.” We also spoke with climate change consultant Nick Brooks, who has traveled to Western Sahara for decades to carry out archaeological and palaeo-environmental fieldwork and helped release the Sahrawi climate plan adjacent to the COP26. “They have been completely and systematically excluded from international processes of climate governance and climate finance,” Brooks said of the Sahrawi.

      • Opinion | How to Fix the Climate Finance Debacle

        The United Nations Climate Change Conference in Glasgow (COP26) fell far short of what is needed for a safe planet, owing mainly to the same lack of trust that has burdened global climate negotiations for almost three decades. Developing countries regard climate change as a crisis caused largely by the rich countries, which they also view as shirking their historical and ongoing responsibility for the crisis. Worried that they will be left paying the bills, many key developing countries, such as India, don’t much care to negotiate or strategize.

      • Opinion | Moving the Renewables Revolution From Catchphrase to Reality

        As this issue of the Bulletin was published, the countries of the world had just finished meeting at COP26 in Glasgow, Scotland, to put forward new targets for reductions in global greenhouse gas emissions, aiming to reach a global “net zero” level by mid-century. The meeting and the national commitments to be made there are important, if the world is to avert the worst effects of climate change. Even more important, though, are practical implementations of those commitments, so they actually create the massive, real-world transition of global energy systems needed to move the world away from fossil fuels and toward energy sources that do not emit carbon dioxide.

      • Energy

        • Scientists Warn Experimental Nuclear Plant Backed by Bill Gates Is ‘Outright Dangerous’

          Officials announced Tuesday that the small city of Kemmerer, Wyoming would be the site of a new Bill Gates-backed nuclear power project—an initiative whose proponents say would provide climate-friendly and affordable energy but which some scientists warn is a dangerous diversion from true energy solutions.

          “Gates has continually downplayed the role of proven, safe renewable energy technology in decarbonizing our economy.”

        • ‘A Slap in the Face’: Biden Oil and Gas Lease Sale Ignites Outrage, Legal Challenges

          “This will inevitably lead to more catastrophic oil spills, more toxic climate pollution, and more suffering for communities and wildlife along the Gulf Coast.”

        • ‘The Time Is Now’: 200 Activists Arrested While Demanding Biden, Congress Defend Voting Rights

          Activists on Wednesday took to the streets of Washington, D.C., where organizers said around 200 people were arrested while demanding the passage of key voting rights legislation, an end to the filibuster, and bold action from President Joe Biden in defense of an imperiled democracy.

          “This movement is about ensuring that the arc of the moral universe continues to bend toward justice.”

        • Two Climate Activists Halt Operations at World’s Largest Coal Port

          “In a system that only cares about money, non-violent blockading tactics that cause material disruption are the most effective and accessible means of wielding real power.”

        • Gasbagging in Glasgow: COP26 and Phasing Down Coal

          COP26, or the UN Climate Change Conference UK 2021, had a mission of “Uniting the world to tackle climate change.”  The tackling, however, fell rather short, though countries, in the main, were trying to sell the final understanding as a grand compromise of mature tidiness.  COP26 president Alok Sharma called the outcome “a fragile win”, the outcome of “hard work” and “great cooperation” from the parties.

          The Pact is a flurry of words, acknowledging, for instance “the importance of the best available science for effective climate action and policymaking.” Alarm and utmost concern is expressed by the parties at the fact “that human activities have caused around 1.1 °C of global warming to date and that impacts are already being felt in every region”. There is a stress on “the urgency of enhancing ambition and acting in relation to mitigation adaptation and finance in this critical decade to address gaps between current efforts and pathways in pursuit of the ultimate objective of the Convention and its long-term global goal”.

        • The $65B Prize

          Not so fast! I am assuming that the keys for Nakamoto’s wallets are inaccessible through death or loss. Thus Nakamoto cannot migrate the million Bitcoin they contain to wallets that use post-quantum cryptography. Thus the first person to control a “sufficiently large quantum computer” can break the encryption on Nakamoto’s wallets and transfer the million Bitcoin to a post-quantum wallet they own. Who is to know that this wasn’t Satoshi Nakamoto taking a sensible precaution? The miscreant can then enjoy the fruits of their labor by repaying the costs of development of their quantum computer, and buying the obligatory Lamborghini. These would take only a small fraction of the $65B, and would be seen as Nakamoto enjoying a well-deserved retirement.

        • Chris Dixon and Packy McCormick on the future of [cryptocurrencies]

          The year ahead will show that blockchains can support a lot more applications beyond money and finance. In 2022 decentralised services will chip away at big tech companies’ stranglehold on the internet. A cluster of new “web3” technologies, such as tokens, will dramatically improve the digital economics of creators, technologists and small businesses.

        • The World Is Failing To Rid Itself of Coal

          Coal is the most CO2-intensive of all fossil fuels, a relic from the early industrial era, a dark past. That’s also the view of environmentalists at COP26. They argue that the world needs to eliminate its reliance on coal as quickly as possible.

          But actions speak louder than words, and rather than moving away from coal, use of the fossil fuel continues to grow. Since 2000, global consumption has increased by more than 60 percent. And the boom shows few signs of abating. Climate crisis or not, coal is being burned as if there was no tomorrow.

        • Social media is ‘undermining our democracies’, US billionaire Frank McCourt warns

          In an interview with FRANCE 24 at the Paris Peace Forum, US billionaire Frank McCourt strongly criticised tech giants, saying social media is “undermining our democracies”. The owner of French football club Olympique de Marseille told us more about his Project Liberty plan. He has invested $100 million in the initiative, which he hopes will “transform the way the [Internet] works”.

        • San Francisco pushes ahead towards open-source voting program

          San Francisco is finally making some progress using open-source technology in voting machines, a long-stalled city project that advocates say could save taxpayer money, add security and give voters more transparency in elections.

          On Tuesday night, President Shamann Walton told the Board of Supervisors he is moving forward on plans for a pilot program to use open-source voting machines as soon as The City’s November 2022 elections.

        • Rupert Murdoch Criticizes Trump, Accuses Google, Facebook of Censoring Conservatives

          The 90-year-old media mogul also mentioned “collusion” between Facebook and Google alleged by Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton in a December 2020 complaint. Paxton’s complaint alleged that both companies violated federal antitrust law by making a secret agreement to give each platform special privileges on their ad-buying systems. Google has denied the accusation.

      • Wildlife/Nature

        • To Save a Seabird, Scientists Must Restore Balance to an Island Ecosystem
        • What’s Driving Global Deforestation? Organized Crime, Beef, Soy, Palm Oil and Wood Products

          Tropical forests store enormous quantities of carbon and are home to at least two-thirds of the world’s living species, so deforestation has disastrous consequences for climate change and conservation. Trees absorb carbon dioxide as they grow, slowing its buildup in the atmosphere – but when they are burned or logged, they release their stored carbon, fueling further warming. Tropical forest loss generates nearly 50% more greenhouse gases than does the global transportation sector.

          At the 2021 U.N. conference on climate change in Glasgow, more than 100 world leaders pledged on Nov. 1 to halt deforestation by 2030. In the Declaration on Forests and Land Use, countries outlined their strategy, which focuses on supporting trade and development policies that promote sustainable production and consumption. Governments and private companies have pledged over US$19.2 billion to support these efforts.

    • Finance

      • On the Defense Spending Bill

        All this for an agency, the Department of Defense, that continues to have massive fraud and cost overruns year after year and is the only major government agency not to successfully complete an independent audit. Isn’t it strange how even as we end the longest war in our nation’s history concerns about the deficit and national debt seem to melt away under the influence of the powerful Military Industrial Complex?

        Further, it is likely that the Senate leadership will attach to the National Defense Authorization Act the so-called ‘competitiveness bill,’ which includes $52 billion in corporate welfare, with no strings attached, for a handful of extremely profitable microchip companies. This bill also contains a $10 billion handout to Jeff Bezos for space exploration.

      • How NYC Taxi Drivers Took on Predatory Lenders and Won

        On November 3, New York City reached an agreement with the New York Taxi Workers Alliance (NYTWA), the union fighting to relieve drivers of thousands of dollars in debt they owe for medallions, the physical permits to operate taxis. According to the NYTWA, the average debt owed on medallions by taxi drivers is $600,000.

        “Today marks a new dawn, a new beginning for a workforce that has struggled through so much crisis and loss,” said Bhairavi Desai, Executive Director of NYTWA, in a statement. “Today, we can say owner-drivers have won real debt relief and can begin to get their lives back. Drivers will no longer be at risk of losing their homes, and no longer be held captive to debt beyond their lifetime.”

      • The Last Progressive: Biden and Illusions of “Normalcy”

        Grinspan describes the period from the 1860s to 1900 as an “age of acrimony,” with the nation as a whole “embroiled in a generation-long, culturewide war over democracy.” Today, we find ourselves well into round two of that very war. But Grinspan urges his fellow citizens not to give up hope. A return to normalcy — boring perhaps, but tolerable — might well be right around the corner.

        Mark me down as skeptical.

      • The Build Back Better Act Can Level the Field for Single Parents

        There are many things to cheer regarding the Build Back Better Act’s transformational $400 billion investment in early care and education. The act would deliver meaningful relief to millions of families by establishing universal pre-K for 3- and 4-year-olds, capping child care costs for working- and middle-class families at 7 percent of household income, and raising the wages of a workforce dominated by women of color that is currently paid, on average, $12/hour.

      • Opinion | It Is Way Past Time for Postal Banking

        USPS has a public service mandate to provide a similar level of service to communities across the country regardless of local economic conditions. In addition to daily mail delivery to far-flung locations, the Postal Service maintains post offices even in low-income urban neighborhoods and small towns that lack other basic services. The Postal Service is able to fulfill its mission while keeping postage rates low due to economies of scale.

      • Emily Ratajkowski: “I’m Very Displeased With Capitalism”

        Already famous as a model, an influencer, and the owner of a fashion brand, Emily Ratajkowski is known to the world in such saturation that anything she says on the subject of her body will inevitably be read through the lens of her own self-commodification. Or so we might think. It’s not unlike the trap of capitalism that Ratajkowski tangles with in her debut essay collection, the mechanism that’s punished her as much as it’s allowed her to thrive: How can one enter into an economy with the freedom to both criticize and participate? There’s a hint of self-aware humor in all of this, as when Ratajkowski’s Instagram captions solemnly intone, “My Body is on sale now.”1

      • It’s No Surprise Our Water Infrastructure Is So Bad

        Think of it this way: What we don’t know will hurt us. And water—yes, water—is an example of just that. Even at a time of such angry political disputes, you might imagine that, in a wealthy country like the United States, it would still be possible to agree that clean water should be not just a right, but a given. Well, welcome to America 2021.

      • ‘If You Care About Inflation,’ Says Jayapal, ‘Then Pass the Build Back Better Act’

        Rep. Pramila Jayapal, the chair of the Congressional Progressive Caucus, argued Wednesday that those who claim to be concerned about inflationary pressures in the U.S. economy should prioritize swift passage of the Build Back Better Act, which contains measures aimed at driving down prices in housing, medicine, child care, and other crucial areas.

        “There is no good way to connect the dots between the Build Back Better agenda… and higher inflation.”

      • ‘Inappropriate Giveaway of Galactic Proportions’: Outrage Over $10 Billion Taxpayer Gift to Bezos Space Obsession

        Progressives on Wednesday slammed what they called a proposed $10 billion handout to Amazon founder Jeff Bezos—the world’s first multi-centibillionaire—in the 2022 National Defense Authorization Act as a “giveaway of galactic proportions” in the face of growing wealth inequality and the inability of U.S. lawmakers to pass a sweeping social and climate spending package.

        “Jeff Bezos’s business model includes feasting on public subsidies—and the U.S. Senate must not acquiesce to his demands.”

      • $285 Billion Tax Cut for the Rich Is Now 2nd Most Expensive Piece of Build Back Better

        A $285 billion tax cut that would predominantly flow to rich households is now the second most expensive component of the Build Back Better Act after corporate Democrats succeeded in slashing funding for a number of key progressive priorities—and removing other programs entirely.

        “At a time of massive income inequality, we must increase taxes on the 1%, not give them huge tax breaks.”

      • GOP Representative Brags About Infrastructure Funding Despite Voting Against It
      • $285 Billion Tax Cut for Rich Is Now Second-Costliest Item of Build Back Better
      • Why It’s So Hard to Tax Billionaires

        Billionaires have the best accountants who know all the loopholes. Their wealth isn’t in income, but in assets. They often move to states (like Texas) that don’t have a state income tax, and move their money to offshore tax havens. They live off tax free loans. Legislation to tax billionaires goes nowhere because wealthy coal barons like Democratic Senator Joe Manchin don’t believe in taxing the “job creators,” a notion that has been debunked again and again. (Basically a thriving middle class creates jobs, while billionaires invest their profits in real estate.)

        What NPR didn’t say, and what the corporate and corporate-sponsored media never say, is that it is hard to tax billionaires because billionaires rule America and they don’t want to be taxed.

      • Indian PM calls on the world to save youth from Bitcoin

        India’s prime minister has called for international co-operation to regulate cryptocurrency.

        Speaking at The Sydney Dialogue, an online event hosted today by defence and strategic policy think tank the Australian Strategic Policy Institute, Modi lauded India’s technology sector for helping to address the Y2K problem, creating value through its vigorous start-up scene, improving the lives of citizens, and open-sourcing the Co-WIN COVID-19 management application. The PM also offered an optimistic view that technology will improve the world.

        But he adopted a different stance when discussing a few technologies and developments in the technology industry.

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • John McEvoy Exposes Britain’s Role in Suppressing Democracy at Home and Abroad
      • There’s Still More to Learn From Virginia

        Unsurprisingly, there has been a burst of commentary since Democrats suffered a slew of disappointing losses in Virginia during this month’s off-year elections—most of it not even from people who have lived or worked in politics here. Their response has been predictable: Terry McAuliffe lost because he didn’t talk to swing or moderate voters in the suburbs, which has always been code for white voters. But in fact it was the long tradition of the Democratic Party taking its base support for granted that led to losses up and down the ticket.

      • GOP Billionaires Who Never Donated to Democrats Are Funding Manchin and Sinema
      • Michigan GOP’s Voter Restrictions Could Eliminate 20 Percent of Polling Sites
      • Ari Berman: With Extreme Gerrymandering, the Republicans Are Rigging the Next Decade of Elections

        Republicans are set to claim the House majority in next year’s midterm elections with help from heavily gerrymandered congressional district maps in states nationwide that could shape politics for the next decade, securing Republican wins even as the party’s popular vote shrinks at the national level, says Mother Jones reporter Ari Berman. “The same states that are pushing voter suppression are also pushing extreme gerrymandered maps to lock in white Republican power for the next decade at the state and federal level,” says Berman.

      • House Votes to Censure Paul Gosar Over Video Depicting Him Killing Ocasio-Cortez
      • Censure ‘Not Enough’: Rights Groups Call For Expulsion of Gosar After House Vote

        “Censure is important but not enough,” said a leader at women’s rights group UltraViolet on Wednesday after the U.S. House of Representatives voted to censure Rep. Paul Gosar over an animated video he posted depicting the murder of Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and violence against President Joe Biden.

        “Anyone who shares content of themselves murdering a coworker on social media would be fired without hesitation in any other workplace,” said Bridget Todd, communications director at UltraViolet. “There should be no difference in Congress.”

      • Rep. Gosar Faces Censure for AOC Murder Video, Refuses to Apologize. Sister Calls Him a “Sociopath.”

        We speak with Jennifer Gosar, the youngest sister of far-right Arizona Congressmember Paul Gosar, who faces censure in a House vote today for posting an animated video on social media that features him murdering Congressmember Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and attacking President Biden with swords. Gosar will be required to stand in the well of the House while the resolution is read. His colleagues will also vote to strip him of his assignments on the Committee on Oversight and Reform, alongside Ocasio-Cortez, and the Committee on Natural Resources. “He’s continuing to sing to that white supremacist base that he fundraises from,” says Jennifer Gosar, who has previously described him as a “sociopath.”

      • Thrusting Boris, “The UK is Not Remotely a Corrupt Country”

        The first currently visible sign of this crisis emerged with the so-called Paterson affair. The House of Commons Committee on Standards, consisting of cross-party MPs and members of the public, upheld findings by the independent Parliamentary Commissioner for Standards of the House of Commons that the former Tory minister Owen Paterson, by lobbying ministers as a paid consultant for 2 private companies, had been in deliberate breach of the rules prohibiting MPs from using their elected office for financial gain.

        The Committee on Standards recommended that the Commons vote to impose a 30-day suspension on the always unrepentant Paterson. At this point the government intervened in what should have been a free vote to require Tory MPs to vote to overturn the Committee’s recommendation on Paterson and back an amendment to “reform” MP’s standards by creating a new Standards Committee with a built-in Tory majority. There were reports of threats to Tory MPs that they would lose funding for their constituencies if they failed to support the government.

    • Misinformation/Disinformation

      • Young people more likely to rely on social media, though few trust it ‘a lot’: poll

        Overall, 45 percent of young people ages 15 to 24 said social media is a “go-to” information source, while just 17 percent of those ages 40 and older said the same, according to the survey. The findings were based on survey responses from people in 21 countries.

      • You Can’t Beat Climate Change Without Tackling Disinformation

        Climate disinfo, unfortunately, did not make its way into the COP26 negotiations. Had the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change reports included contributions from social scientists on the role of media and information in tackling climate before the conference instead of next year, as they’re scheduled to be, perhaps that would have been different. In the lead-up to the event, though, Google did announce a new policy aimed at addressing this problem. In partnership with the Conscious Advertising Network, the tech giant said that it will now “prohibit ads for, and monetization of, content that contradicts well-established scientific consensus around the existence and causes of climate change.” That policy doesn’t just affect Google advertisers but YouTube creators as well, which is a big deal given that YouTube has been pushing climate disinformation to millions of viewers for years.

      • Wikipedia editor ‘warriors’ fight lies, bigotry and even Nazis

        Najjar said he contributes to almost 500 entries a week, and as a medical doctor he has been busy fighting a flood of false information unleashed during the pandemic.

      • Bipartisan commission urges US take immediate steps to curb online misinformation

        A report from a bipartisan commission published Monday recommends that U.S. government and social media platform leaders take a series of immediate steps to curb the “crisis of trust and truth” stemming from online disinformation and misinformation.

        The report, put out by the Aspen Institute’s Commission on Information Disorder, puts forward recommendations that can be taken to address issues including election security and COVID-19 disinformation and misinformation online, painting a picture of an urgent moment to take action.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • Wherein The Copia Institute Tells The Eleventh Circuit That Florida’s SB 7072 Law Violates Our Rights

        We’ve talked a lot about the Florida law SB 7072 that attempts to regulate social media platforms. In broad strokes, it tries to constrain how at least certain Internet platforms moderate their platforms by imposing specific requirements on them about how they must or may not do so. That law is now being challenged in court. The district court enjoined it, and Florida has now appealed to the Eleventh Circuit to have the injunction overturned. This week the Copia Institute joined others in filing amicus briefs in support of maintaining the injunction.

      • Content Moderation Case Study: Game Developer Deals With Sexual Content Generated By Users And Its Own AI (2021)

        Summary: Dealing with content moderation involving user generated content from humans is already quite tricky — but those challenges can reach a different level when artificial intelligence is generating content as well. While the cautionary tale of Microsoft’s AI chatbot Tay may be well known, other developers are still grappling with the challenges of moderating AI-generated content.

      • A New Tool to Measure Internet Resilience—Why It Matters

        Many low-income countries usually have under-provisioned networks and cable infrastructure, or they lack redundant interconnection systems. In these countries (or regions), the likelihood of Internet outages occurring is much higher than in other countries. To help support the development of policies and infrastructure to improve Internet resilience at the local, regional, and global level, we’ve launched a new section on our Internet measurement platform, Pulse, to track resiliency metrics.

      • Peng Shuai: Doubt cast on email from Chinese tennis star

        Ms Peng – a former number one-ranked tennis doubles player – had not been heard from since posting an allegation about former Vice Premier Zhang Gaoli on Chinese social media site Weibo in early November.

      • China’s ultramarathon tragedy and the survivors threatened for speaking out

        In May this year, 21 competitors died at an ultra-running event in northern China hit by extreme weather conditions: hail, heavy rain and intense gales caused temperatures to plummet, and nobody seemed prepared for it.

        Only a small number felt comfortable talking about what happened – and some have been threatened for doing so.

    • Freedom of Information/Freedom of the Press

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • Diversifying the Police Force Won’t End Police Violence
      • Opinion | The End of Legal Abortion Looms

        For supporters of abortion rights, the stakes could not be higher than they are this term at U.S. Supreme Court. With conservatives holding a 6-3 advantage on the bench, Roe v. Wade is on the chopping block. 

      • The Secrets of the So-Called “Havana Syndrome”

        Behind closed doors and with little fanfare, on October 8, President Joe Biden signed the Helping American Victims Afflicted by Neurological Attacks Act into law. Known as the “Havana Act”—a misnomer since most of the purported “attacks” took place far from Cuba—the legislation authorizes the Central Intelligence Agency and the State Department to compensate a growing number of agents and diplomats who have experienced a cluster of cognitive-related injuries from a mysterious, and still unidentified, source. The impetus for the new law came from complaints by a number of injured US personnel that their own government, particularly during the Donald Trump era, has been dismissive of their medical needs and the legitimacy of their injuries.1

        “We’re not making this up—this happened to real people,” one injured Havana embassy official stated in a dramatic interview with NBC News in October. “It just seems important to humanize this,” another told NBC, “to help all my fellow Americans understand that, as much skepticism as still seems to surround this, it’s very real.”2

      • Judge Allows Rittenhouse to Eliminate Jury Members Using a Raffle Drum
      • Rittenhouse
      • US Officials Outrageously Claim Black Men Fleeing Slavery Lack “Credible Fear”
      • Advocates Demand Stay of Execution for Julius Jones in Oklahoma
      • With ‘Powerful Evidence’ of His Innocence, Advocates Demand Clemency for Julius Jones Ahead of Thursday Execution

        Noting that Oklahoma’s Pardon and Parole Board has twice recommended clemency for condemned inmate Julius Jones, calls from millions of people around the world and across the political spectrum—including from capital punishment supporters—for Gov. Kevin Stitt to commute Jones’ death sentence have crescendoed ahead of Thursday’s scheduled execution.

        “Gov. Stitt needs to be a moral leader for his state and stop this execution.”

      • “No Doubt That Julius Jones Is innocent”: Supporters Demand Stay of Execution for Oklahoma Man

        Advocates in Oklahoma are rallying outside the barricaded governor’s mansion ahead of the planned Thursday execution of prisoner Julius Jones, who was convicted of a 1999 murder but has maintained his innocence. Another man privately admitted to committing the murder and framing Jones, and Oklahoma’s Pardon and Parole Board has recommended twice that his death sentence be commuted to life in prison with the possibility of parole but the final decision now rests with Governor Kevin Stitt. “There should be no doubt that Julius Jones is innocent,” says longtime death penalty opponent Ben Jealous, president of People for the American Way and former president of the NAACP.

      • Media’s Anti-‘Woke’ Mania Moves Social Justice to the Fringe

        “Woke” is the label the aggrieved conservative suburbanite puts on the indignity of having to call their Starbucks barista “they” and finding Ibram X. Kendi on their child’s school reading list. But as the Democrats prepare for the midterm election cycle, anti-wokeness has become a key theme about the party’s future. Woke activists have been chief culprits in Terry McAuliffe’s loss in the Virginia governor’s race, correspondents tell us, and the electoral ground loss generally by the Democrats (The Hill, 11/7/21).

      • Amnesty International calls to ban discriminatory algorithms in its report Xenophobic Machines

        On 25 October 2021, Amnesty International published a report on the use of algorithmic decision-making (ADM) system by the Dutch tax authorities to detect fraud. The report shows how discrimination and racial profiling were baked into the design of the ADM system. Tens of thousands of parents and caregivers from mostly low-income families and immigrant backgrounds were falsely accused of fraud. While the Dutch government has announced a number of safeguards to prevent similar human rights violations from happening in the future, Amnesty’s analysis of these safeguards shows that they fall short on all fronts.

      • Desperate Afghans forced to sell children

        The human toll of spiraling hostilities still remains immense in Afghanistan. The UN is particularly worried about the impact of the conflict on women and girls. Some 80% of nearly a quarter of a million Afghans forced to flee since the end of May are women and children.

        According to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), from January 1 this year to October 18, 667,903 individuals fled their homes due to conflict. A total of 33 out of 34 provinces had recorded some level of forced displacement.

      • Biden proposes 20-year drilling ban near sacred Indigenous site

        Indigenous tribes have fought for years to protect Chaco Canyon, one of the oldest and most culturally important native sites in the United States, from the oil and gas industry. Located in the high desert of northwest New Mexico, the historical site served as a hub for ceremony, politics, and trade from the ninth to 13th centuries. Today, the 1,000-year-old stone structures still stand.

      • Protect Voting Rights Now! MLK’s Granddaughter, Ben Jealous & More Risk Arrest at White House Protest

        Republicans may retake control of the House next year thanks largely to extreme gerrymandering by Republican state legislators, even as Republican opposition in Congress has impeded critical legislation to combat discriminatory voting practices and eliminate barriers to the ballot. As pressure grows for Democrats to pass two key voting rights bills, activists are holding the last in a series of protests at the White House, where nearly 100 have been arrested since August, including Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr’s 13-year-old granddaughter Yolanda King. “States are suppressing the vote across the South, across the Midwest, even out in the far West, and there’s only one way to stop it,” says Ben Jealous, president of People for the American Way and former president of the NAACP. “Congress has to pass urgently needed federal voting rights bills now.”

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • Labor offers 30,000 homes without Internet free service for year

        In a tweet, Opposition Leader Anthony Albanese said: “Labor will provide a year of free broadband access for up to 30,000 families with no internet at home.”

        He did not offer any further details. The statement comes a day after Albanese said the party would, if elected, provide $2.4 billion to extend fibre to an additional 1.5 million homes over and above those which the Coalition has promised to wire.

    • Digital Restrictions (DRM)

      • In Big Shift For Apple, Company Makes It Easier For Users To Repair Phones

        We had just got done noting that it didn’t seem like Apple had learned a whole lot from the last few years of “right to repair” backlash, making it harder to replace iPhone 13 screens. But not only did the company (partially) backtrack from that decision, they’ve made another shocking pivot: they’re actually making phone parts and documentation more accessible to Apple customers. The move, announced in a company press release, should make it significantly easier for Apple customers to repair their devices at home:

    • Monopolies

      • Jeff Bewkes Blames AT&T Incompetence For Bungled Time Warner, HBO Mergers

        We’ve noted more than a few times how the AT&T Time Warner and DirecTV mergers were a monumental, historical disaster. AT&T spent $200 billion to acquire both companies thinking it would dominate the video and internet ad space. Instead, the company lost 9 million subscribers in nine years, fired 50,000 employees, closed numerous popular brands (DC’s Vertigo imprint, Mad Magazine), and basically stumbled around incompetently for several years before recently spinning off the entire mess for a song.

      • Media Spends Years Insisting Facebook Makes Society Worse; Then Trumpets A Poll Saying People Think Facebook Makes Society Worse

        It still is amazing to me how many people in the more traditional media insist that social media is bad and dangerous and infecting people’s brains with misinformation… but who don’t seem to recognize that every single such claim made about Facebook applies equally to their own media houses. Take, for example, CNN. Last week it excitedly blasted out the results of a poll that showed three fourths of adults believe Facebook is making society worse.

      • Patents

        • ‘Obscene’: Pfizer, BioNTech, and Moderna Are Raking in $3.9 Million in Profits Per Hour

          Moderna, Pfizer, and BioNTech—the makers of the two most successful coronavirus vaccines—are raking in a combined $65,000 in profits every minute as they refuse to share their manufacturing recipes with developing countries, where billions of people still lack access to lifesaving shots.

          According to a new People’s Vaccine Alliance analysis of recent earnings reports, the three pharmaceutical giants have made a total of $34 billion in profits this year, which amounts to roughly $1,083 per second, $64,961 per minute, or $3.9 million per hour.

      • Trademarks

        • Maori tribe condemns use of haka by anti-vax protesters in New Zealand

          The Ngati Toa, a tribe or iwi in Maori, is recognised under New Zealand law as the cultural guardian of the Ka Mate haka, which has featured prominently at recent protests against coronavirus-related restrictions.

          “Ngati Toa condemns the use of the Ka Mate haka to push and promote anti-Covid-19-vaccination messages,” the tribe, based just outside Wellington, said in a statement.

          “We insist that protesters stop using our taonga (cultural treasure) immediately.”

        • Streamlabs will drop ‘OBS’ name after getting called out by open-source app

          OBS also claims it was approached by Streamlabs when the service first launched and asked if it could use “OBS” in its name. OBS says it “kindly asked them not to,” but Streamlabs still used the name anyway. “We’ve tried to sort this out in private and they have been uncooperative at every turn,” OBS’s tweet says. OBS acknowledges that Streamlabs did everything right legally but instead “repeatedly disregarded the spirit of open source and of giving back.”

        • Streamlabs under fire from rival software owners and streamers following release of new product

          The Lightstream tweet was later shared by OBS, the provider of open source software for video recording and live streaming. While OBS came first, Streamlabs took the name for their main Streamlabs OBS product (SLOBS).

          “Near the launch of SLOBS, @streamlabs reached out to us about using the OBS name. We kindly asked them not to. They did so anyway and followed up by filing a trademark,” reads the OBS tweet.

          “We’ve tried to sort this out in private and they have been uncooperative at every turn.”

        • Streamlabs accused of plagiarism and ‘unethical’ business practices (updated)

          Update: Streamlabs has made a formal statement on Twitter, pledging to change the name of its product.

          “We are taking immediate action to remove OBS from our name,” reads the comment. “Streamlabs OBS is built on top of the OBS open-source platform; Streamlabs OBS is also open source, and our code is publicly available. We take responsibility for our actions and will support the community.”

        • Streamlabs accused of copying material for its console streaming platform

          That’s only the start of the accusations, however. OBS complained that Streamlabs used OBS as part of its broadcasting software name (Streamlabs OBS, or SLOBS) despite being asked not to. While Streamlabs has technically honored the terms of the GPL license used for OBS, it allegedly “disregarded the spirit” of open source software. Elgato, meanwhile, even implied Streamlabs’ Stream Deck was borrowing at least the name (if not features) from its Stream Deck Mobile app.

        • Streamlabs drops ‘OBS’ from company name in response to recent controversy

          For those unfamiliar, Streamlabs OBS is a free open-source software that makes streaming more user-friendly. Its software is built off of a different open-source software called OBS (Open Broadcaster Software), which came before it. A way to think about it is that Streamlabs OBS is a newer, shinier version of OBS that is easier to use. But the name wasn’t the only issue facing the company.

      • Copyrights

        • Take-Two, Rockstar Continue DMCA Blitzing Mods And Save Games For GTA

          Usually when a company does something that results in a public backlash, that company will stop digging holes. Over the summer, we wrote about Rockstar Games and its parent company, Take-Two Interactive, starting a war on modding communities for the Grand Theft Auto series. After years of largely leaving the modding community alone, these companies suddenly started targeting mods that were chiefly designed to put content or locations for older GTA games into GTA5. While the public was left to speculate as to why Take-Two and Rockstar were doing this, the theory that perhaps it meant they were planning to release remastered versions of older games eventually turned out to be true when GTA Trilogy was announced. In other words, these companies were happy to reap all the benefits of an active modding community right up to the point where they thought they could make more money through a re-release, at which point the war began.

        • DISH Wins $31m Judgment & Injunction Against Pirate IPTV Service & Resellers

          In March, pirate IPTV provider ChitramTV was hit with a large copyright infringement lawsuit by DISH Network. This week a Texas court handed down a $31m judgment and a broad injunction that requires ChitramTV and resellers to cease-and-desist, third-party server companies to terminate services, and registries and registrars to disable domains. Even then, the case is still not quite over.

        • Miramax Sues Tarantino for Copyright Infringement Over “Pulp Fiction” NFT Sale

          Miramax is suing director Quentin Tarantino over his plans to sell exclusive Pulp Fiction NFTs, which could be worth millions of dollars. The movie studio argues that it holds the rights to sell NFTs. Tarantino stands accused of copyright and trademark infringement as well as breach of contract, for which Miramax requests damages.


Links 18/11/2021: Oracle Linux 8.5 and Firebird 3.0.8

Posted in News Roundup at 7:53 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • Tuxedo Nano Pro Gen 11 is a compact Linux desktop with AMD Ryzen 4000U

        The Tuxedo Nano Pro Gen 11 is a mini PC that measures 4.6″ x 4.3″ x 1.9″ and ships with a choice of Ubuntu Linux or the Ubuntu-based Tuxedo_OS.

        It’s the latest in a line of Linux PCs from Tuxedo Computers, and the company says the little desktop is one of the smallest available with an AMD Ryzen 4000U processor. It’s available from Tuxedo for 640 Euros and up, taxes included.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • FLOSS Weekly 656: Switching to Linux – and Much Else – Intel on Linux, System76

        Doc Searls, Jonathan Bennett and Aaron Newcomb are together on FLOSS Weekly taking a look at the challenges of switching to Linux, even though Linux runs on many things used in everyday life. System76 has decided to build a non-Gnome desktop for its distro. Why? Bennett addresses the allegations of Intel being optimized for Windows 11, but not taking Linux into consideration. It’s a fun discussion on this episode of FLOSS Weekly.

      • Linux overview | Lubuntu 21.10 – Invidious

        In this video, I am going to show an overview of Lubuntu 21.10 and some of the applications pre-installed.

      • Video: What is the MiSTer?

        I’m guessing, given the fact that I’ve posted a considerable amount of content on it already, that you know what the MiSTer is. Here’s a presentation from the Retro World Expo 2021 (just a few days ago) by two prominent retro YouTubers.

      • Just Say No to M1 | Coder Radio 440

        We get some spicy emails, dig into why Mike just picked up another Linux laptop, and then share our real thoughts on Web3.

      • The Future of Pop OS – Invidious

        System76 looks to be ditching GNOME and building its own Desktop Environment.

      • Streamlabs Rips Off OBS, Lightstream and Elgato – Invidious

        Streamlabs is in the news today due to several companies claiming that Streamlabs copied their work. Those companies include Lightstream, Elgato and OBS, the maker of the free and open source Open Broadcaster Software. Additionally, OBS claims that Streamlabs is using the OBS name without their permission.

      • StreamLabs OBS Accused Of Stealing OBS Name – Invidious

        For the longest time I thought that StreamLabs OBS was a partnership with OBS but apparently that’s not the case and OBS is not happy about them using the name, along with this they’ve allegedly been copying other competitors.

    • Kernel Space

      • Linux 5.17 To Continue With I/O Optimizations, 5~6% Improvement Pending For NVMe – Phoronix

        The recently-ended Linux 5.16 merge window saw significant I/O improvements driven primarily by maintainer Jens Axboe’s recent focus on relentlessly optimizing the block and IO_uring code for record-setting per-core IOPS. As good as those improvements are, Linux 5.17 should be even better.

        Linux 5.16 saw much of Axboe’s work merged around the I/O optimizations in his quest for maximizing the per-core IOPS out of his new Ryzen 9 5950X system with dual Intel Optane NVMe solid-state drives. But there is still more work pending that in turn should be ready for Linux 5.17.

      • Intel AMX support in 5.16

        The x86 instruction set is large, but that doesn’t mean it can’t get bigger yet. Upcoming Intel processors will feature a new set of instructions under the name of “Advanced Matrix Extensions” (AMX) that can be used to operate on matrix data. After a somewhat bumpy development process, support for AMX has found its way into the upcoming 5.16 kernel. Using it will, naturally, require some changes by application developers.

        AMX (which is described in this document) is meant to be a general architecture for the acceleration of matrix operations on x86 processors. In its initial form, it implements a set of up to eight “tiles”, which are arrays of 16 64-byte rows. Programmers can store matrices in these tiles of any dimension that will fit therein; a matrix of 16×16 32-bit floating-point values would work, but other geometries are supported too. The one supported operation currently will multiply the matrices stored in two tiles, then add the result to a third tile. By chaining these operations, multiplication of matrices of any size can be implemented. Evidently other operations are meant to come in the future.

        While AMX may seem like a feature aimed at numerical analysis, the real target use case would appear to be machine-learning applications. That would explain why 16-bit floating-point arithmetic is supported, but 64-bit is not.

        The design of AMX gives the kernel control over whether these features can be used by any given process. There are a couple of reasons for this, one being that AMX instructions, as one might imagine, use a lot of processor resources. A process doing heavy AMX work on a shared computer may adversely affect other processes. But AMX also cannot be supported properly unless both the kernel and the user-space process are ready for it.

      • The balance between features and performance in the block layer

        Back in September, LWN reported on a series of block-layer optimizations that enabled a suitably equipped system to sustain 3.5 million I/O operations per second (IOPS). That optimization work has continued since then, and those 3.5 million IOPS would be a deeply disappointing result now. A recent disagreement over the addition of a new feature has highlighted the potential cost of a heavily optimized block layer, though; when is a feature deemed important enough to outweigh the drive for maximum performance?

        Block subsystem maintainer Jens Axboe has continued working to make block I/O operations go faster. A recent round of patches tweaked various fast paths, changed the plugging mechanism to use a singly linked list, and made various other little changes. Each is a small optimization, but the work adds up over time; the claimed level of performance is now 8.2 million IOPS — well over September’s rate, which looked good at the time. This work has since found its way into the mainline as part of the block pull request for 5.16.

        So far, so good; few people will argue with massive performance improvements. But they might argue with changes that threaten to interfere, even in a tiny way, with those improvements.

        Consider, for example, this patch set from Jane Chu. It adds a new flag (RWF_RECOVERY_DATA) to the preadv2() and pwritev2() system calls that can be used by applications trying to recover from nonvolatile-memory “poisoning”. Implementations of nonvolatile memory have different ways of detecting and coping with data corruption; Intel memory, it seems, will poison the affected range, meaning that it cannot be accessed without generating an error (which then turns into a SIGBUS signal). An application can respond to that error by reading or writing the poisoned range with the new flag; a read will replace the poisoned data with zeroes (allowing the application to obtain whatever data is still readable), while a write will overwrite that data and attempt to clear the poisoned status. Either way, the application can attempt to recover from the problem and continue running.

      • 5.16 Merge window, part 1

        As of this writing, Linus Torvalds has pulled exactly 6,800 non-merge changesets into the mainline repository for the 5.16 kernel release. That is probably a little over half of what will arrive during this merge window, so this is a good time to catch up on what has been pulled so far. There are many significant changes and some large-scale restructuring of internal kernel code, but relatively few ground-breaking new features.

      • Graphics Stack

        • Mesa 21.3 Graphics Stack Is Here with Zink, RADV, and Panfrost Improvements

          Mesa 21.3 is here three and a half months after Mesa 21.2 to further improve Linux’s number one graphics stack. It brings many great improvements, starting with official OpenGL ES 3.1 compliance for Collabora’s Panfrost driver, threaded shader compilation for the Iris driver, OpenGL ES 3.2 support for the Zink driver, and support for AV1 videos for the Video Acceleration API (VA-API ).

        • Intel Developing Universal Scalable Firmware As Next-Gen Firmware Platform – Phoronix

          Universal Scalable Firmware intends to extend its scope beyond just system firmware but is also planned for use by Intel discrete graphics processors. USF is also designed to offer greater firmware security than the status quo. The key planned features/components right now include a Universal Payload that can work across different operating systems and boot loaders, the Platform Orchestration Layer with simplified ACPI support and interfaces with the Rust programming language and configured with YAML, and the SoC FSP. Intel is hoping USF will reduce development costs, improve firmware quality and security, and push forward other new firmware innovations.

        • Mesa 21.3 Released With Radeon RADV Ray-Tracing, Much Better Zink – Phoronix

          Mesa 21.3 is now out as the latest quarterly feature release to this collection of open-source graphics drivers.

          Mesa 21.3 as the Q4’2021 update brings a number of exciting improvements and new features like:

          - Radeon RADV ray-tracing support landed along with experimental shader-based ray-tracing for older Radeon GPUs. Note though that this RADV ray-tracing code hasn’t yet been well optimized and the performance is likely to be slow and there may still be various game issues. In any case, at least it’s finally maturing now in mainline in experimental form.

        • Copper Aims To Improve Mesa’s Zink Efficiency In 2022 – Phoronix

          Following the news from last week of experimental Zink code running Wayland’s Weston compositor over this Mesa-based OpenGL-on-Vulkan implementation, developer Mike Blumenkrantz has opened up about some of the ongoing work to improve the efficiency of Zink and making such advancements a reality.

          In particular, the ongoing Zink Gallium3D improvements by Blumenkrantz and others along with the work of Red Hat’s Adam Jackson on the new “Copper” DRI interface extension. The “Copper” effort has been ongoing for a while and should allow for some simplifications to the architecture for how Zink functions and in turn allow for greater efficiency as well as broader platform coverage. With that, the ability to handle Wayland compositors like Weston.

        • NVIDIA 470.62.12 Vulkan Beta Driver For Linux Updates Video Support – Phoronix

          NVIDIA today released their latest Vulkan beta drivers for Windows and Linux.

          With the NVIDIA 470.62.12 beta driver released today there is updated Vulkan Video API support based on the upstream spec as of the newly-released Vulkan 1.2.199. There are some subtle changes to the Vulkan Video capabilities for specification compliance. NVIDIA’s Vulkan beta driver remains the leading driver for Vulkan Video API support right now and they were quick in supporting the provisional extensions since their debut earlier this year. Finally at least Vulkan Video is seeing movement by Mesa drivers.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How To Install NumPy on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install NumPy on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, NumPy (Numerical Python) is an open-source library for the Python programming language. It is used for scientific computing and working with arrays. It offers the following and much more.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the NumPy on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

      • Debugging a weird ‘file not found’ error

        Yesterday I ran into a weird error where I ran a program and got the error “file not found” even though the program I was running existed. It’s something I’ve run into before, but every time I’m very surprised and confused by it (what do you MEAN file not found, the file is RIGHT THERE???!!??)

        So let’s talk about what happened and why!

      • PostgreSQL and Undelete

        Earlier this week, I updated pg_dirtyread to work with PostgreSQL 14. pg_dirtyread is a PostgreSQL extension that allows reading “dead” rows from tables, i.e. rows that have already been deleted, or updated. Of course that works only if the table has not been cleaned-up yet by a VACUUM command or autovacuum, which is PostgreSQL’s garbage collection machinery.

      • How to install RPM fusion on AlmaLinux 8 / Rocky Linux 8

        RPM Fusion is a repository specifically for Fedora Linux. It is an amalgamation of the software repositories Livna, Freshrpms, and Dribble to bundle resources. Among other things, the repo provides packages for multimedia and the required codecs. The repo is divided into “free” and “non-free“.

      • How to format USB drive: Mac, Windows, Ubuntu

        USB keys will sometimes display less memory than is actually available, even after the drive has been completely wiped. When this happens, it’s helpful to reformat your USB flash drive to restore your device to its full capacity. Formatting your USB will open up the drive’s storage space and even increase its efficiency. USB keys can be formatted in several different ways.

      • How to install Parsec on a Chromebook in 2021

        Today we are looking at how to install Parsec on a Chromebook. Please follow the video/audio guide as a tutorial where we explain the process step by step and use the commands below.

      • How to install Flowblade Video Editor on Elementary OS 6.0 – Invidious

        In this video, we are looking at how to install Flowblade Video Editor on Elementary OS 6.0.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • Sam Thursfield: Status update, November 2021

          I am impressed with the well-deserved rise of Sourcehut, a minimalist and open source alternative to Github and Gitlab. I like their unbiased performance comparison with other JavaScript-heavy Git forges. I am impressed by their substantial contributions to Free Software. And I like that the main developers, Drew DeVault and Simon Ser, both post monthly status update blog posts on their respective blogs.

    • Distributions

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Release Notes for Oracle Linux 8.5

          Oracle® Linux 8: Release Notes for Oracle Linux 8.5 provides information about the new features and known issues in the Oracle Linux 8.5 release. This document may be updated after it is released.

        • Getting started with Red Hat Insights and OpenSCAP for compliance reporting

          Sysadmins trying to ride herd over tens, hundreds or thousands of systems need tools to help keep systems in compliance with policies and security standards. In this post we’ll look at using Red Hat Insights compliance service to manage compliance at scale.

          Verifying that your organization’s systems satisfy your compliance requirements is something that takes time and effort. Too often it’s only done on an ad hoc basis. That approach may work for organizations with a limited number of hosts, but performing this task at scale is problematic with complex environments and limited resources.

          Fortunately, organizations that use Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) in a standard operating environment (SOE) can take advantage of Red Hat Insights and its Compliance service to proactively and efficiently manage their regulatory compliance requirements at scale.

          Combining Red Hat Insights with Red Hat Smart Management and the Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform to create an automated process for compliance configuration, validation, and remediation can lessen the administrative burden of your compliance workload.

        • Red Hat OpenShift extends High Performance Computing (HPC) infrastructure from edge to exascale

          Massive amounts of data are racing towards us at an unheard of velocity. But processing this data quickly, at a centralized location, is no longer possible for most organizations. How might we better act on this data to preserve its relevance? The answer lies in acting on the data as close to the source as possible. This means making data-driven decisions or getting answers to the most pressing questions in real-time, across all of your computing environments – from the edge to the exascale.

          If you’re processing massive amounts of data at scale with multiple tasks running simultaneously, you are likely already using high-performance computing (HPC). Oil & gas exploration, complex financial modeling and DNA mapping and sequencing are just a few modern workstreams that have massive data requirements and rely on HPC to drive breakthrough discoveries.

          With HPC, running advanced and computational problems and simulations in parallel on highly optimized hardware and super fast networks can help deliver answers and create outcomes more quickly. Because of HPC’s sheer scale, it would be challenging for the traditional datacenter infrastructure to deliver similar results. And also because its massive scale “just works,” HPC has largely gone unchanged over the past 20 years. Today, however, we are seeing HPC undergo a transformation as it faces increased demand from the applications running on it.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • FSearch is an ‘Everything Search Engine’ Alternative for Ubuntu

          If you’re looking for a super fast file search tool for Ubuntu that’s similar to the Everything Search Engine on Windows you’re in the right place.

          FSearch is exactly what you’re looking for.

          The utility’s developer, Christian Boxdörfer, is even upfront about the inspiration, explaining on the project homepage: “[Everything Search Engine] provides instant results as you type for all your files and lots of useful features (regex, filters, bookmarks, …). On Linux however I couldn’t find anything that’s even remotely as fast and powerful.”

          Christian says he a slew of Linux file search tools (including standalone ones like Catfish and ANGRYSearch, as well as the file-finding features baked into file managers like Nautilus) first, as he didn’t want to create “yet-another” file-search tool for Linux.

          Sadly, none of them were what he wanted, or catered to different use cases.

          So he built his own.

    • Devices/Embedded

      • Open Hardware/Modding

        • Video: $5,000 Raspberry Pi Server?
        • Finally, A Piano BBQ Grill That You Can Drive Around the Workshop

          It’s a truth universally acknowledged that sometimes a little music can add much to a nice afternoon picnic. It’s also well-known that meat cooked over hot coals should be turned regularly to allow for even cooking. This barbecue grille project from [Handy Geng] delivers on both counts.

          The project uses a full 88 motors, activated by pressing keys on an electronic piano. The technique used is simple; rather than interface with the keyboard electronically or over MIDI, instead, a microswitch is installed under each individual key.

        • This tinyML system helps soothe your dog’s separation anxiety with sounds of your voice | Arduino Blog

          Due to the ongoing pandemic, Nathaniel Felleke’s family dog, Clairette, had gotten used to having people around her all the time and thus developed separation anxiety when the family would leave the house. But thanks to some clever thinking, Felleke came up with the idea to automatically detect when his dog started to bark and play some sounds of his family speaking to calm her down.

        • Arduino Library Makes Digital Rain Like It’s 1999 | Hackaday

          There’s going to be a new Matrix movie in theaters next month, and you know what that means: we’re about to see a whole new generation get obsessed with the franchise’s iconic “Digital Rain” effect. Thanks to modern advertisement technology, expect to see lines of glittering text pouring down the displays of everything from billboards to gas pumps pretty soon.

        • Nixie Tube Indicator Tells You How Many Tasks You’ve Got Left to do

          For busy people, keeping track of all the tasks on your to-do list can be a daunting task in itself. Luckily there’s software to help you keep organized, but it’s always nice to have a physical artifact as well. Inspired by some beautiful nixie clock designs, [Bertrand Fan] decided to build a nixie indicator that tells him how many open items are on his to-do list, giving a shot of instant gratification as it counts down with each finished task.

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • SaaS/Back End/Databases

        • Firebird 3.0.8 sub-release is available

          Firebird Project is happy to announce general availability of Firebird 3.0.8 — the latest point release in the Firebird 3.0 series.

          This sub-release offers many bug fixes and also adds a few improvements, please refer to the Release Notes for the full list of changes.

      • Programming/Development

        • Concurrency in Julia

          The Julia programming language has its roots in high-performance scientific computing, so it is no surprise that it has facilities for concurrent processing. Those features are not well-known outside of the Julia community, though, so it is interesting to see the different types of parallel and concurrent computation that the language supports. In addition, the upcoming release of Julia version 1.7 brings an improvement to the language’s concurrent-computation palette, in the form of “task migration”.

        • Perl/Raku

          • Vale, David

            David H. Adler passed away yesterday.

            David was a gentleman and a scholar: a gentle, warm, erudite, funny, clever, and deeply kind man. And one who has made a vast contribution to our Perl and Raku communities over more than quarter of a century.

        • Python

          • Late-bound argument defaults for Python

            Python supports default values for arguments to functions, but those defaults are evaluated at function-definition time. A proposal to add defaults that are evaluated when the function is called has been discussed at some length on the python-ideas mailing list. The idea came about, in part, due to yet another resurrection of the proposal for None-aware operators in Python. Late-bound defaults would help with one use case for those operators, but there are other, stronger reasons to consider their addition to the language.

            In Python, the defaults for arguments to a function can be specified in the function definition, but, importantly, they are evaluated in the scope where the function is defined. So default arguments cannot refer to other arguments to the function, as those are only available in the scope of the function itself when it gets called.

  • Leftovers

    • Hardware

      • SCPI: On Teaching Your Devices The Lingua Franca Of Laboratories

        One could be excused for thinking sometimes that the concept of connecting devices with other devices for automation purposes is a fairly recent invention. Yet for all the (relatively) recent hype of the Internet of Things and the ‘smart home’, laboratories have been wiring up their gear to run complicated measurement and test sequences for many decades now, along with factories doing much the same for automating production processes.

        Much like the chaotic universe of IoT devices, lab equipment from different manufacturers feature a wide number of incompatible protocol and interface standards. Ultimately these would coalesce into IEEE-488.1 (GPIB) as the physical layer and by 1990 the first Standard Commands for Programmable Instruments (SCPI) standard was released that built on top of IEEE-488.

    • Integrity/Availability

    • Defence/Aggression

      • Russian Anti-Satellite Weapon Test Draws Widespread Condemnation | Hackaday

        On the morning of November 15, a Russian missile destroyed a satellite in orbit above Earth. The successful test of the anti-satellite weapon has infuriated many in the space industry, put astronauts and cosmonauts alike at risk, and caught the attention of virtually every public and private space organisation on the planet.

        It’s yet another chapter in the controversial history of military anti-satellite operations, and one with important implications for future space missions. Let’s examine what happened, and explore the greater context of the operation.

    • Environment

      • Wildlife/Nature

        • MintCast: Whitney Webb Discusses Global Elites’ Stealth Takeover of Nature

          As world leaders, celebrities, business moguls and activists alike descend on Scotland for the COP26 climate summit, behind the scenes powerful financial groups are attempting to rewrite the rules of international trade and to privatize nature under the guise of sustainability.

          While high politics has understandably made the headlines, a cartel of international bankers is attempting to use the crisis to rewrite international capitalism for their own benefit.

    • Finance

      • Linux Unveils a Blockchain-Based Platform – All About It! [Ed: Inappropriately using/riding the Linux brand]

        By now, you have heard the hype about blockchain technology. The inherent capabilities of blockchain are vast in its ability to securely, transparently, and efficiently transmit information.

        The need to improve service delivery in the insurance industry led the Linux Foundation (LF) and AAIS (the American Association of Insurance Services) to use this distributed ledger to launch OpenDIL (Open Insurance Data Link). So what is OpenIDL, and what is its aim? Here, we will discuss that and more.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

Links 17/11/2021: Proxmox VE 7.1, Qubes OS 4.1 RC2, Microsoft Stealing People’s Passwords

Posted in News Roundup at 4:43 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Tux’s Favorite Recipes: Enticing Snippets from the New ‘Linux Cookbook, 2nd Edition’

      In Why I Wrote the Linux Cookbook, 2nd Edition, I discussed how much Linux has changed in a short time, and how I updated the Linux Cookbook to include some of these changes. Now I will share some snippets from the new book, so you can get a taste of how fabulous it is, and inspire you to dash out and buy many copies.

    • Sick of Windows? Here’s how easy it is to install Linux

      Linux isn’t nearly as challenging as you’ve been led to believe. In fact, it’s just as easy to use as any other operating system. But what about the installation? Wouldn’t installing an operating system be a challenge that’s way above the paygrade of the average user? Not necessarily. And now that you know how to test-drive Linux, it’s time you learned how to install the open-source operating system.

      Like the previous entry in this series, I’m going to focus on elementary OS because it’s one of the more user friendly distributions, and the installation is fairly indicative of the average Linux installation.

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • The 5 best Linux desktops for beginners in 2021

        Some people still insist that using Linux is hard. Sure, it was difficult — when I started with the Linux desktop back in the 1990s. But that was a long time ago. Today, the easiest desktop of all, Chrome OS, is simply Linux with the Chrome web browser on top of it. The more full-featured Linux desktop distributions are as easy to use in 2021 as Windows or macOS.

        Yes, you can get a lot more from Linux if you know how to do shell programming and the like. But that’s also true of Windows and PowerShell. With both operating systems, you don’t need to know the deep ins and outs of either one to get your work done.

      • AWS adds Linux app streaming alongside Windows to ‘greatly lower’ cost

        Amazon Web Services has added support for streaming Linux applications and desktops to its AppStream service, which was previously Windows-only, claiming that it will “greatly lower the total streaming cost.”

        AppStream 2.0 has been running since late 2016 and enables users to stream GUI applications or entire desktops to a local PC either via a web browser or using a Windows client. Although running applications remotely has some drawbacks – such as latency, dependency on a strong internet connection, and potential snags accessing local resources like printers and storage – it also has advantages.

      • Unsplash Wallpapers Is An Unsplash Desktop Open Source App

        You may have heard about Unspalsh; a very famous online service that provides high-quality images and wallpapers under a semi-open license.

        Unsplash is important for website creators, app designers and basically anyone who wants to get free wallpapers without having to deal with licensing issues (No attribution required, and even commercial usage of Unsplash images is allowed). It was a revolution in stock images when it first started.

        For the average user, though, nothing more is needed than setting these beautiful wallpapers as a background image for his/her operating system’s desktop. And for that, a desktop application is going to be needed.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • In Conversation with Matthias Ettrich, Founder of KDE

        On occasion of KDE’s 25th anniversary, Matthias Ettrich, the founder of KDE, talked to Lydia Pintscher, Vice President of KDE e.V., about how KDE came to be, what has changed since and how he sees the future of Linux desktops., To learn more about KDE, the Free Software we create, the Community and the history of our project, visit our 25th Anniversary site.

      • mintcast 374 – Mounted Archery

        First up in the news, Linux Mint Monthly News, Firefox 94 released, Steam OS announcement, System76 Desktop announcement, Intel has been doing this for a long time and Nvidia released a fix

        In security, A Dutch newspaper gets hacked, Azure is vulnerable, and AMD and Intel have more security flaws

        Then in our Wanderings, Joe works on an xbox, Josh remodels a bathroom, Tony got a new phone and Norbert tells us about running arch

      • Three Tumbleweed Temptations | LINUX Unplugged 432

        Can we live with openSUSE Tumbleweed?

        We try three different builds and prepare ourselves for our journey into SUSE land. Our setups, what we liked, and what we still need to figure out.

    • Kernel Space

      • Sound Open Firmware For AMD Audio Hardware Arrives, Initially For Renoir ACP – Phoronix

        Back in 2018 Intel founded Sound Open Firmware as their effort to provide an open-source audio DSP firmware and software development kit. AMD has begun supporting Sound Open Firmware too now, initially for the Renoir audio co-processor (ACP).

        Sound Open Firmware as a Linux Foundation project has been maturing over the past three years and now supports a wide-range of Intel hardware with other audio hardware also becoming supported. Ultimately it’s about having open-source audio DSP firmware and a SDK to better support modern audio processing. In the SOF documentation it’s summed up rather broadly, “The Sound Open Firmware SDK is comprised of many ingredients that can be customized for use in the firmware/software development lifecycle. Customization allows for a “best fit” development approach where the SDK can be optimized for a particular process or environment. Some SDK ingredients are optional while there can be more than once choice for other ingredients.”

      • Linux 5.17 To Support Temperature Monitoring For New AMD Zen Generation – Phoronix

        The Linux 5.17 kernel next year will support temperature monitoring for a “new generation” of AMD Zen processors.

        While AMD has often been late to the game in supporting CPU temperature reporting under Linux for Zen processors, it’s nice to see them out in front ahead of their next launch. Even in cases where new IDs simply need to be added to the k10temp driver, unfortunately they have often not added them until post-launch or in some cases where those in the community (including cases like I when getting hands on review samples) have the hardware and find the support not working until making some trivial driver alterations.

      • Linux 5.14.19
        I'm announcing the release of the 5.14.19 kernel.
        All users of the 5.14 kernel series must upgrade.
        The updated 5.14.y git tree can be found at:
        	git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux-stable.git linux-5.14.y
        and can be browsed at the normal kernel.org git web browser:
        greg k-h
      • Linux 5.4.160
      • Graphics Stack

        • NVIDIA Looks To Improve Power Management For Linux VFIO PCIe Devices – Phoronix

          NVIDIA is looking to enable run-time power management for the VFIO PCI Linux driver to allow for better power-savings.

          For PCIe devices assigned to the vfio_pci driver for passing through to a guest virtual machine, a NVIDIA engineer sent out a patch series allowing for run-time power management. The VFIO PCI driver code currently has very limited power management handling and with this series the hope is moving the PCIe device from D3hot to D3cold state when appropriate to save on power consumption.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • Sending logs from syslog-ng store box to Splunk – Blog – syslog-ng Community – syslog-ng Community

        One of the most popular applications to feed Splunk with syslog messages is syslog-ng. However not everyone is happy to work on the command line anymore. This is where syslog-ng store box (SSB), an appliance built around syslog-ng, can help. The SSB GUI provides you not only with an easyto-use interface to configure most syslog-ng features, but also a search interface and complete log life cycle management. It can forward log messages to several destinations, recently also to Splunk’s HTTP Event Collector (HEC).

        From this blog you can learn about how SSB fits into your logging infrastructure and how to configure SSB for Splunk.

      • Clean empty job groups in openQA – openQA bites

        In this blog post I present you a small script, which can help you to remove empty job groups from your own openQA instance. This is helpful if you have a development instance with a lot of job groups, that you never use. This script can help you to tidy the list of dangling job groups.

      • How to check if an RHEL system is vulnerable to a CVE

        Most companies scan infrastructure devices for vulnerability every quarter, but the duration may vary depending on the company’s ITSM policy.

        After the security scan, if the security team finds vulnerabilities in a specific support group, such as Linux, Windows, Middleware or Network, it will be sent to them.

        Once assigned, the team will create a CR (Change Request) based on the environment such as TEST, DEV, UAT or PROD and mitigate it to make their systems more secure.

      • How to Install MariaDB 10.7 on Ubuntu 20.04 – LinuxCapable

        MariaDB is one of the most popular open-source databases next to its originator MySQL. The original creators of MySQL developed MariaDB in response to fears that MySQL would suddenly become a paid service due to Oracle acquiring it in 2010. With its history of doing similar tactics, the developers behind MariaDB have promised to keep it open source and free from such fears as what has happened to MySQL.

        MariaDB has become just as popular as MySQL with developers, with features such as advanced clustering with Galera Cluster 4, faster cache/indexes, storage engines, and features/extensions that you won’t find in MySQL.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install MariaDB 10.7 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa.

      • How to Install PHP 8.1 on Fedora 35 – LinuxCapable

        PHP 8.1 is a significant update of the PHP language that will be “officially” released on November 25, 2021. This is a standard upgrade going forward from the existing PHP 8.0 release with the new PHP 8.1 is bringing enums, fibers, never return type, final class constants, intersection types, read-only properties amongst the long list of new features and changes.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to import the REMI Module and install PHP 8.1 on your Fedora 35 system.

      • How to install a full desktop on a Multipass virtual machine for easier Linux development – TechRepublic

        Multipass is still one of my favorite virtual machine systems. With this command-line tool, I can very quickly spin up a virtual instance of Ubuntu in seconds. These VMs can be used for testing, development and other use cases.

      • How to Install PHP 8.1 on Rocky Linux 8 – LinuxCapable

        PHP 8.1 is a significant update of the PHP language that will be “officially” released on November 25, 2021. This is a standard upgrade going forward from the existing PHP 8.0 release with the new PHP 8.1 is bringing enums, fibers, never return type, final class constants, intersection types, read-only properties amongst the long list of new features and changes.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to import the REMI Module and install PHP 8.1 on your Rocky Linux system.

      • How to Install MongoDB with Podman on Rocky Linux 8 – NextGenTips

        In this tutorial I will be showing you how to install MongoDB with Podman on Rocky Linux.

        Mongodb is an open source NoSQL database that provides high throughput for data driven applications. Unlike relational databases such as MySQL, Oracle and SQL server which store data in tables according to a rigid schema, MongoDB stores data in documents with flexible schema.

        Podman is a daemonless, open source, Linux native tool designed to make it easy to find, run, build, share and deploy applications using Open Container Initiative (OCI) containers and container images.

      • How To Install Hugo on Debian 11 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Hugo on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, Hugo is a free and open-source website framework written in developed in Go. Hugo provides a reliable and modern static site generator. It is capable of generating a site at a speed of less than 1 ms per page. It works by shipping pre-made templates to make a quick work of SEO, analytics, commenting e.t.c. Hugo sites can run without any expensive run times like PHP, Python, Ruby and don’t need any database.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the Hugo static site generator on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

      • How To Find All Files Containing Specific Text On Linux From The Command Line – Linux Uprising Blog

        This article explains how to find all files containing specific text on Linux. For this we’ll use grep, a standard Unix program.

        grep is a command-line utility which prints lines that match a given pattern, and should be installed by default.

        Let’s start simple. Say you want to search for the word text (case-sensitive!) in all the files in the current directory and its subdirectories. To do this, you need to open the terminal, navigate to the folder where you want to perform the search, and run…

      • 20 one-line Linux commands to add to your toolbox | Enable Sysadmin

        Many Linux users have experienced a lasting sense of accomplishment after composing a particularly clever command that achieves multiple actions in just one line or that manages to do in one line what usually takes 10 clicks and as many windows in a graphical user interface (GUI). Aside from being the stuff of legend, one-liners are great examples of why the terminal is considered to be such a powerful tool.

      • What is a Hypervisor? What’s Difference Between Type 1 & 2?

        Before you see difference between Type 1and Type 2 Hypervisor and which one is better (if that’s even a case), let’s first see what a Hypervisor is.

      • Monitoring bandwidth on Linux with Nethogs – Unixcop the Unix / Linux the admins deams

        Hello, colleagues. It is the task of any computer scientist to know how to manage the bandwidth of a computer. Especially if this computer is a server or a production computer that needs to know how the bandwidth is spent. So, in this post, you will learn how to monitor bandwidth in Linux. For this, we will use a CLI tool called NetHogs. Sounds interesting? So, let’s go for it.

      • How to Install Python 3.11 on Ubuntu 20.04 – LinuxCapable

        Python is one of the most popular high-level languages, focusing on high-level and object-oriented applications from simple scrips to complex machine learning algorithms. Python is famous for its simple, easy-to-learn syntax, emphasizes readability, and reduces program maintenance costs and more straightforward conversion to newer releases. Python supports modules and packages. One of the many is the popular PIP package manager.

      • How to install MongoDB 4.4 on Fedora 35 – NextGenTips

        In this tutorial we are going to explore how to install MongoDB on fedora 35.

        MongoDB is a free and open source document database designed for ease of application development and scaling.

        Every record in a mongoDB document, which is a data structure composed of field and pair values. MongoDB stores documents in collection. Collections are analogous to tables in relational databases.

      • How to use grep to search for strings in files on the shell

        The grep command, which stands for global regular expression print, is one of the most versatile commands in a Linux terminal environment. It is an immensely powerful program that allows the user to sort input according to complex rules, which makes it a rather popular link in numerous command chains. The grep command is primarily used to search text or any file for lines that contain a match to the specified words/strings. By default, grep displays the matched lines, and it can be used to search for lines of text that match a regular expression(s), and it outputs only the matched lines.

      • How to create an SQS Queue on AWS

        Amazon Simple Queue Service (SQS) is a managed message queuing service of AWS which enables us to decouple and scale microservices, distributed systems, and serverless applications. Using SQS, we can send, store, and receive messages between software components at any volume, without losing messages. Standard queues offer maximum throughput, best-effort ordering, and at least-once delivery. FIFO queues are designed to guarantee that messages are processed exactly once, in the exact order that they are sent.

        SQS Eliminates administrative overhead, provides Reliably delivery of messages, keeps sensitive data secure, and scales elastically and cost-effectively.

        Security, Durability, Availability, Scalability, Reliability, Customization are a few of the benefits of using SQS.

        There are 2 types of SQS Queues on AWS.

      • How To Install Apache with Let’s Encrypt on RHEL 8

        In terms of popularity and usage, the Apache webserver engine tops all other web server software systems, and for good reasons. The Apache Software Foundation ensured that this cross-platform web server software is attributed as free, open-source, and easy to configure.

        Its user-friendly footprints make it an ideal web server software alternative even for beginners that want to experience how their websites/applications will perform under HTTP and HTTPS protocols.

      • 3 interesting ways to use the Linux cowsay command | Opensource.com

        Most of the time, a terminal is a productivity powerhouse. But there’s more to the terminal than commands and configurations. Among all the outstanding open source software out there, some of it has been written just for fun. I’ve written about fun commands before, but this article is about just one: the venerable cowsay command.

    • Games

      • SteamVR Overlay not working on Arch or Manjaro Linux? Here’s a fix | GamingOnLinux

        Sadly, SteamVR on Linux continues to have quite a lot of quirks and over time it’s gotten a little rough, here’s a way to fix the SteamVR Overlay not working.

        One of the most annoying bugs right now is how the SteamVR Overlay doesn’t seem to work. Not just that, but even the settings menu from the main SteamVR menu doesn’t seem to work either. This appears to be a problem on any Arch-like Linux distribution (EndeavourOS, Manjaro etc) and seems to originate with the vrwebhelper.

      • Baba Is You gets a level editor, new levels and more | GamingOnLinux

        Baba Is You, the puzzle game where you push word blocks around to link them and change all the rules has a big free update out now with a level editor. I’ve said it before and I’ll say it again: it’s absolutely amazing. It’s easily one of the best puzzle games ever made. Don’t just take my word for it, on Steam it has an Overwhelmingly Positive score from over 12,000 players. It’s good!

        This new free update brings with it a level editor, online level sharing with codes and built-in options to view them, a curated Featured Levels list, two new fully level packs from the developer with over 150 new puzzles and more.

      • Duke Smoochem 3D is turning into a hilarious look at Britain in Doom

        What started off as a joke, Duke Smoochem 3D now seems to be turning into something of an actual game. The joke was around former UK Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, Matt Hancock, who was famously captured on CCTV kissing an aid which broke COVID-19 social distancing restrictions.


        Meanwhile, if you’re after another good bit of retro-fuelled gaming with a British edge to it, there was also the Thatcher’s Techbase release from September that sees you take down an evil reincarnation of Maggie Thatcher.

      • The Polaris 15 and 17 from Tuxedo Computers: Linux Notebook Full Review – Invidious

        Tuxedo Computers sent over both the 15″ and 17″ versions of their new 3rd-gen Polaris notebook, and in this video I’ll review both! I’ll compare the two models side-by-side, and I’ll give you my thoughts

      • Ready, player anyone? China’s gaming ban left cloud providers looking for someone to play with

        China’s decision to limit minors to three hours of gaming each week has proven problematic for the nation’s clouds, which find themselves with unused capacity.

        So said Steve Brazier, CEO of channel-centric analyst firm Canalys, at the company’s Asia-Pacific Forum

        “25 to 30 per cent of Chinese cloud capacity was for gaming,” Brazier said. Chinese clouds like Alibaba are now trying to figure out what to do with that capacity. Some have even deferred datacentre builds as a result, Brazier said.

      • Experiences of configuring and using a ‘hackendeck’ homemade Steam Deck

        Valve recently released information about developing for the Steam Deck if you didn’t have a Dev-Kit which is an engineering verification test build (EV2) version of their device. Included in the documentation is a suggestion to build your own Steam Deck, or ‘hackendeck’ using a mini PC. Whilst I didn’t have the exact brand they picture in the article I did have a mini PC with the required specifications so I set about following the instructions to see how it performed.

      • Everything we learned from the Steam Deck Developer’s Conference – Invidious
      • First-person shooter RPG ‘Beyond Sunset’ looks awesome in the new trailer | GamingOnLinux

        With a graphical style inspired by classic DOS games, Beyond Sunset is probably one of the absolute most promising looking retro shooters coming.

        “SUNSET CITY, CALIFORNIA – 20XX: You’ve been awakened from cryostasis. Your name, your identity, your memories… All lost in the confusing fog of hypersleep. Not only a stranger in a strange place, you begin to manifest powerful abilities. Lightning-fast reactions. Innate combat skills. Near-supernatural agility. You’re not like everyone else.

      • Kingdom Come: Deliverance gets shown off on the Steam Deck | GamingOnLinux

        Sadly, this is a game that was supposed to offer up native Linux support years ago as a result of the Kickstarter crowdfunding campaign. When the release was coming up, the developer cancelled both Linux and macOS support for launch and then just never ported it. A huge shame but at least with Steam Play Proton around there is another option to play Windows versions on Linux through Steam.

      • Sci-fi point and click adventure Warp Frontier released for Linux | GamingOnLinux

        Originally released in September, developer Brawsome has now ported over their space sci-fi point and click adventure War Frontier over to Linux.

        “Vincent Cassini, decorated war hero, but still just a Captain in the police force he started, is patrolling the orbital slums of his home planet Cetus, when he stumbles across a lead in a war crime that resulted in the mysterious disappearance of thousands of Cetans, including his first wife and best friend. Captain Cassini and his robot partner MAC, must ally with morally questionable characters to stop an old enemy before their crimes are erased forever.

      • Squid Game knock-off Crab Game now has a Linux version | GamingOnLinux

        Squid Game, the huge Netflix hit, was always going to inspire others and it clearly did with the free multiplayer title Crab Game and the developer has now put up a Linux build on Steam.

        It looks completely ridiculous of course but it’s surprisingly fun to play and watch. Crab Game has been quite a big hit on Twitch too, with tens of thousands watching people spectacularly fail at it.

      • Take down the enemy capital ship in Deep Space Battle Sim out now | GamingOnLinux

        Deep Space Battle Simulator, a game where two opposing sides battle it out in space with their capital ships has now left Early Access on Steam.

        It’s a round-based multiplayer first-person online game, one that allows a fair amount of freedom in how each team goes about conquering the other side. Each team is made up of actual players (8-16 on each side), who will fly around in fighters and board the enemy ship to try and take it down. A fun idea if you’re a space sci-fi fan.

      • You’ll be able to save the bees together online in APICO | GamingOnLinux

        APICO is an upcoming casual wholesome game about saving the bees, breeding them and building up your own beekeeping dream and the developer recently revealed online multiplayer support.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • JWM version 2.4.0 compiled

        JWM, Joe’s Window Manager, has been in the pups since the very early days. JWM is not just a window manager, it also manages one or more trays and one or more menus.

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • Evolving 3D desktop effects in Plasma

          The latest Plasma release dropped a few desktop effects: the cube family, CoverSwitch and FlipSwitch. All of those effects were written back in 2008, the early days of KDE 4.x and the early days of desktop effects in KWin. The effects were implemented by me and when Vlad asked about removing them I saw the need for this and supported this step for technical reasons. With this blog post I want to share a little bit of why it was needed to remove them and why this means that they can come back in better ways than ever before.

          To really understand this we need to time travel back to 2008 and the years before when desktop effects were introduced. This can help to understand how the hardware architecture changed and how that influenced design decisions in the effects API which are nowadays problematic. First of all CPUs. The Intel Core 2 Duo architecture was launched in 2006 as the brand new thing which had multiple (namely 2) cores which slowly replaced the NetBurst architecture which dominated Desktop computing for the beginning of that decade.

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • Clapper – GNOME media player built using GJS with GTK4 toolkit

          GTK is a free and open-source cross-platform widget toolkit for creating graphical user interfaces (GUIs). Offering a complete set of widgets, GTK is used from small one-off tools to complete application suites.

          GTK 4.0 was released in December 2020 with components that rely on GTK4 following promptly. The GNOME desktop is built on the GTK toolkit. GNOME 40 released in March 2021 supports GTK4. Many distros include GNOME 40 such as Ubuntu 21.10, Arch, Debian, Fedora, and Gentoo to name a few.

        • Cinnamon 5.2 Desktop Environment Released, This Is What’s New

          Cinnamon 5.2 is packed with an improved Menu applet that now features better keyboard navigation for RTL (Right-to-Left) languages, symbolic icons for all apps, the ability to hide the app buttons by default and when the menu is closed, support for displaying completion results only when the file system path entry is enabled, and the ability to show refreshed menu items while the menu is open.

        • China has now used a major Safari/Webkit zero day vulnerability against Hong Kong activists for at least the second time.

          On GNOME Web (especially in Flatpak), it’s actually quite a bit safer because of advanced Linux sandboxing techniques, and additional hardening options available to the GNU Compiler, which simply either don’t exist or are broken, or fake (report success, do nothing) in Apple’s Clang/LLVM. In many cases, the browser would simply crash rather than arbitrary code execution.

          I really can’t tell you how much I dislike Clang/LLVM. Apple switched over to it from GCC not due to maturity or technical excellence, but to get away from the GNU GPLv3, and now it’s democracy protesters in China who get to pay for that.

          When Fedora’s engineering steering committee was debating switching to LLVM based on anti-GNU FUD coming from Mozilla, I was preparing to apply two patches to Firefox (someone else quickly wrote them to make Firefox build on GCC with the features Mozilla said weren’t possible in GCC 8, to justify their switch to an inferior compiler) and build it under some other name and put it in my COPR repo instead. Now I don’t use Fedora or Firefox.

          If that had been the only thing going wrong with it, I might have groused a little and stayed in the end, but IBM has moved Fedora in a direction where it’s even less stable than Debian Sid!

          And Mozilla has turned into a political party of extremism (wokeness/corporate leftism) and Cancel Culture, and a thrall of Big Tech.

        • Strong passwords, 2FA, and GNOME Authenticator.

          About a year ago, I noticed that I kept getting emails that some of my accounts had been taken over.

          Nothing very important. An old Disney rewards account I signed up for to get free DVDs forever ago, an unused Spotify account from I don’t know when.

          But it got me thinking about security.

          Up until that point, I had dodged bullets. I hated passwords, I used bad practices without even considering it (like reusing weak passwords over and over again), and I decided to clean house.

    • Distributions

      • MX Linux MX-21 KDE – Now, here’s a verily splendid distro

        Luck is a combination of two factors: probability and time. Case in point, my foray with MX Linux MX-21 KDE. As you well know, I’m a great fan of this small yet feisty distro. So far, I’ve mostly tested (and liked) the Xfce flavors. My one quick brush with its KDE build was largely unsuccessful. In fact, with the release of MX-21 Wildflower, I wasn’t even thinking of testing the KDE version.

        But then, as luck would have it, the official download page didn’t have the Xfce release available for my Lenovo IdeaPad box. To be able to run on modern systems with UEFI, AMD Ryzen processors and NVMe, you need the AHS release – I discovered this with MX-19.3. However, at the time of writing, or rather testing, there was only the regular Xfce edition sans modern stuff, the Xfce AHS in almost-but-not-quite Release Candidate (4), and the KDE version, with all the right bits in place! So I thought, let’s go for it.

      • New Releases

        • Qubes OS 4.1-rc2 has been released!

          We’re pleased to announce the second release candidate for Qubes 4.1!

          Qubes 4.1-rc2 contains fixes for bugs that were discovered in the first release candidate (4.1-rc1). For existing Qubes 4.1-rc1 users, a regular update is sufficient to upgrade to 4.1-rc2.

      • PCLinuxOS/Mageia/Mandriva/OpenMandriva Family

        • Audacity » PCLinuxOS

          Audacity is an open source, freely distributed, cross-platform and easy-to-use software project designed from the offset to act as an audio editor and recorder for personal computers. Updated to 3.1.2.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • CentOS Alternative Rocky Linux 8.5 Is Out Now

          Rocky Linux 8.5 is now availlable for the download. Based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.5. It inherits many of the new features from RHEL 8.5. This is the first release of Rocky Linux with official Rocky Linux signed Secure Boot shim.

        • Customize Python dependency resolution with machine learning | Red Hat Developer

          It has not been that long since pip, the Python package installer, introduced a new resolver. A resolver is a critical piece of programming infrastructure, responsible for locating and selecting versions of packages to use when building an application. The new pip resolver uses a backtracking algorithm that works considerably better than the old one, according to community feedback.

          This article introduces a new cloud-based Python dependency resolver created by Project Thoth. Running in the cloud, Thoth uses reinforcement learning techniques and your desired criteria to resolve Python library dependencies. Moreover, a pluggable interface lets you fix underpinning and overpinning issues (that is, where specified versions of packages are too strict or too lax) and make additional adjustments to the resolution process. The process takes into consideration the runtime environment, hardware, and other inputs to the cloud-based resolver.

        • From Godot to RPM – Fedora Magazine

          With more games being developed with the Godot engine, we need to learn how to package these games for Fedora.

          Developing a game is complex. The requirements for each game differ. In the past developers created new game engines for each game. Over time game engines become more generic. They adapt to cover a style of game. Some engines can create a wide variety of games.

          Godot is a well known open source game engine. Both open source and closed source games use the system. The Godot packages for Fedora run these games but no RPM package examples exist.

          Much of the packaging is the same regardless of the application. RPM spec files need summary, version, license, description, etc. For build requirements, you need the godot-headless package. Godot publishes a pck file but requires a graphical user interface to run. Godot headless builds a project without needing a graphical user interface.

        • Managing persistent volume access in Kubernetes | Red Hat Developer

          Data storage gets complex in the world of containers and microservices, as we discussed in Part 1 of this series. That article explained the Kubernetes concept of a persistent volume (PV) and introduced Red Hat OpenShift Data Foundation as a simple way to get persistent storage for your applications running in Red Hat OpenShift.

          Beyond the question of provisioning storage, one must think about types of storage and access. How will you read and write data? Who needs the data? Where will it be used? Because these questions sound a bit vague, let’s jump into some specific examples.

          I ran the examples in this article on Developer Sandbox for Red Hat OpenShift, a free instance of OpenShift that you can use to begin your OpenShift and Kubernetes journey.

        • The office’s next chapter: How CIOs can shape a positive workplace experience | The Enterprisers Project

          When the pandemic hit, the first wave of transformation was about moving employees home and supporting remote workers. The result of that transformation has forever changed our workforce – today, people are able to get work done from anywhere.

          It’s also forever changed the role of the physical workplace. The office will always have an important role in work. And as employees continue to return to the office, it’s time to think about how we can make it a place where people want to be – not just need to be – and a place where they can work effectively.

          Creating an enticing workplace experience is nothing new; years ago, tech companies in Silicon Valley began offering perks such as chef-prepared meals in the cafeteria and massages to attract and retain top talent. Today, the pandemic has employees reflecting on what benefits are important to them and which jobs align with their values, wants, and needs in a career. The perks that get them excited to come into the workplace might change. After working from home, for example, they likely crave time for collaboration and socializing in the workplace. And it’s up to us to help rethink that workplace experience with sustainability and employee needs in mind.

          After the warp-speed transformation CIOs have experienced over the last two years, now is not the time to slow down. As you look toward the near future, focus on improving the workplace experience, including by leveraging data from sensors and forming stronger cross-functional partnerships that can drive your organization forward.

        • 3 things CIOs should know about developers in the cloud era

          What do today’s developers wish CIOs and IT leaders knew about the realities of the cloud era? What do developers want in order to advance their careers? For my first episode hosting Red Hat’s livestreaming show, In The Clouds, I was excited to dig into these and related questions around the role of developers in the enterprise. I was joined by the leaders of the Red Hat Developer Business Unit: Vice President and General Manager Mithun T. Dhar and Senior Director of Developer Marketing and Strategy Ignacio Riesgo Pablo. We had an excellent discussion about how Red Hat works with developers and the unique culture and opportunities that brought all three of us to join the company.

      • Debian Family

        • Proxmox VE 7.1 released!

          we’re excited to announce the release of Proxmox Virtual Environment 7.1. It’s based on Debian 11.1 “Bullseye” but using a newer Linux kernel 5.13, QEMU 6.1, LXC 4.0, Ceph 16.2.6, and OpenZFS 2.1. and countless enhancements and bugfixes.

          Proxmox Virtual Environment brings several new functionalities and many improvements for management tasks in the web interface: support for Windows 11 including TPM, enhanced creation wizard for VM/container, ability to set backup retention policies per backup job in the GUI, and a new scheduler daemon supporting more flexible schedules..

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • The future of documentation at Canonical

          We’ve understood the importance of this for some time, but actually finding a way to express those values in our practice is less easy.

          One thing that has made it difficult at Canonical is the complexity of our engineering, product and services portfolio. Our software spans a range from single-purpose command-line tools to vertical ecosystems composed of dozens of discrete component products, created by dozens of independent engineering and product teams.

          We’ve been able to create unified and coherent software product lines, but we’ve been less successful doing the same for documentation. We want to do better for our documentation users – this is how we’re going to do it.

        • Ubuntu Maker Canonical Planning To Vastly Improve Its Documentation

          Back in the day Ubuntu’s Wiki was a great resource for Linux documentation but less so these days while the Arch Linux Wiki is often viewed as a gold standard for open-source documentation. Canonical though is now hoping to radically improve the documentation for Ubuntu and its other software offerings.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Web Browsers

        • Mozilla

          • Karl Dubost: Browser regression and tools

            In simplified terms, there is a regression when a code used to work and is not working properly after a specific release. For websites, a webpage would stop having the right behavior after updating to a new version of the browser.

          • Firefox Relay is Now Out of Beta & Adds New Premium Plan to Help Protect Your Real Email Address – It’s FOSS News

            Firefox Relay aims to help you protect your real email address by providing email aliases.

            While good options like Simplelogin, and AnonAddy already exists, Mozilla’s Firefox Relay can encourage more users to use email aliases.

            For a while, it was in the beta phase with limited access to features. Now, as per the official announcement, it is available for all users, out of beta, and introduces a premium plan to unlock all features.

          • Safeguard Your Email Address from Spam Using Firefox Relay. Here’s How.

            You can now protect your email addresses from spammers using Firefox Relay with premium service + unlimited aliases. Everything you need to know.

          • Support.Mozilla.Org: Introducing Firefox Relay Premium

            If you’re a fan of Firefox Relay, you may have been waiting for the day when you can add more aliases. After a long wait, you can now celebrate because we’re launching Firefox Relay Premium today.

            As a refresher, Firefox Relay is a free service available at relay.firefox.com where you’ll get five email aliases to use whenever you sign-up for an online account. Today, Firefox Relay is launching as a premium subscription where you can unlock unlimited aliases and additional features.

      • Productivity Software/LibreOffice/Calligra

        • Use atan2 function instead of atan – EasyHack

          When working with shapes and charts in LibreOffice, there are several occasions that you have to calculate tan -1 x . But is atan function always the best choice? Here we discuss using atan2 function instead of atan in C++ code. When used in correct place, atan2 can have a lot of benefits when calculating atan ( y / x ).

        • OSS News: Enterprise Linux, Microsoft Replacements, Fuzzy Linux Solutions

          The Document Foundation on Nov. 4 announced the release and general availability of LibreOffice 7.1.7 as the last point release in the LibreOffice 7.1 office suite series.

          The LibreOffice 7.1 office suite was released in February. It is supported until the end of November, after which the LibreOffice 7.1 series reaches the end of life. No new maintenance updates will be published.

          LibreOffice 7.1.7 is a minor update to address 27 bugs across the office suite’s various core components. You can see details about them in the RC1 and RC2 changelogs.

          This renders your installation vulnerable and outdated. No new maintenance releases for the 7.1 series will be issued. It is being replaced with LibreOffice 7.2, which is supported until June 12th, 2022. You can download it here. Or you can wait for it to be available in the various Linux distribution repositories.

          LibreOffice 7.2 brings many new features and improvements, as well as better support for proprietary formats created with the MS Office suite. The latest point release is LibreOffice 7.2.2, but version 7.2.3 is expected to arrive by the end of the month.

        • Collabora Online Partners Shine at Open Source Experience Paris 2021

          The Open source Experience 2021 in Paris was wonderful. Of course we met a large number of people, but various of Collabora Online partners too! We love to tell you about them.

      • Programming/Development

        • Nasah Kuma: open source is flexible

          I had as main objective when I started my Coding Experience(CE) to get to grips with C or C++ since I am convinced that understanding one or both languages will help me become a better developer. Cog is developed in C which explained my excitement when I was introduced to the project. The first couple of tasks assigned to me were challenging but quite beginner-friendly.

          Like it usually happens to many developers, I got stuck on an issue. After weeks of working on it, I couldn’t complete it. My mentor and I had a couple of meetings/coding sessions which helped me move ahead though not to the point of finishing the work. I could feel that there was a knowledge gap I had to bridge in C which studies and practice hadn’t given me that ability yet. Cutting the long story short I got really exhausted and anxious and suggested to my mentor that we move to something else and revisit this issue later.

          After a couple of days, I was presented with a new program that can help me make the most of the CE. It turns out I will be moving back to contributing actively on GJS since there was good progress when I previously contributed to it. The only difference is most of my contributions will be in C++ and will probably include more core stuff.

        • Hacking Multiplication with Karatsuba’s Algorithm

          People tend to obsess over making computer software faster. You can, of course, just crank up the clock speed and add more processors, but often the most powerful way to make something faster is to find a better way to do it. Sometimes those methods are very different from how a human being would do the same task, but it suits the computer’s capabilities. [Nemean] has a video explaining a better multiplication algorithm known as Karatsuba’s algorithm and it is actually quite clever. You can see the video below.

          To help you understand the algorithm, the video shows a simple two-digit by two-digit multiplication. You can see that the first and last digits are essentially the result of one multiplication. It is all the intermediate digits that add together. The only thing that might change the first digit is a carry.

        • Rust

  • Leftovers

    • Hardware

      • Tuned Out

        We’ve lost a lot of things in recent years, but one that we haven’t talked about too much is the demise of the children’s radio station. Yes, this is not exactly a surprise—how is radio going to compete with YouTube and Roblox? But back in April, the only real player in the kid-centric terrestrial radio space, Radio Disney, which started life on the airwaves 25 years ago this week, quietly wound down as Disney made the decision to focus on, well, every other part of being Disney. But it’s worth noting that Radio Disney was not the only one to embrace this phenomenon. Kids’ music makes a lot of money even to this day—it’s part of the reason why traditionally adult-centric bands like They Might Be Giants have embraced it. Today’s Tedium looks back at the many attempts to sell kids on radio—a market that has basically faded away by this point.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Splunk CEO jumps ship, share price slumps despite surging growth
        • Security

          • Hardware security flaw impacts Intel Apollo Lake & Gemini Lake processors – CNX Software

            A few years go the Spectre and Meltdown hardware security vulnerabilities impacted a wide range of processors from Intel, AMD, Arm, and others. But a newly discovered hardware security flaw impacts specifically the Atom, Celeron, and Pentium from the Apollo Lake, Gemini Lake, Denverton … low-power processors we often feature on CNX Software.

          • Alibaba’s Linux-based cloud servers exploited for use by cryptojackers | SC Media [Ed: But is it the fault of "Linux"? No. Journalism has become a mixture of FUD and advertising.]
          • Free Android Penetration Testing Toolkit & Risk Assessment – blackMORE Ops

            zANTI is an Free Android Penetration Testing Toolkit & Risk Assessment application that functions as a mobile penetration testing toolkit that lets you assess the risk level of a network using your mobile device for free download. zANTI lets security managers assess the risk level of a network with the push of a button. This easy to use mobile toolkit enables IT Security Administrators to simulate an advanced attacker to identify the malicious techniques they use in the wild to compromise the corporate network.

          • Security updates for Wednesday

            Security updates have been issued by CentOS (389-ds-base and libxml2), Debian (atftp, axis, and ntfs-3g), Fedora (digikam, freerdp, guacamole-server, and remmina), openSUSE (java-11-openjdk, kernel, samba, and tomcat), SUSE (firefox, java-11-openjdk, kernel, libarchive, samba, and tomcat), and Ubuntu (accountsservice, hivex, and openexr).

          • Google launches open source fuzzing tool to tackle SolarWinds-style attacks

            Google has announced a new open source project designed to assist software developers find vulnerabilities in their code, without much effort, in order to help enhance the security of the software supply chain.

          • Is Microsoft Stealing People’s Bookmarks?

            I received email from two people who told me that Microsoft Edge enabled synching without warning or consent, which means that Microsoft sucked up all of their bookmarks. Of course they can turn synching off, but it’s too late.

            Has this happened to anyone else, or was this user error of some sort? If this is real, can some reporter write about it?


            It’s actually worse than I thought. Edge urges users to store passwords, ID numbers, and even passport numbers, all of which get uploaded to Microsoft by default when synch is enabled.

          • Iranian Government-Sponsored APT Cyber Actors Exploiting Microsoft Exchange and Fortinet Vulnerabilities

            CISA, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Australian Cyber Security Centre (ACSC), and the United Kingdom’s National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) have released a joint Cybersecurity Advisory highlighting ongoing malicious cyber activity by an advanced persistent threat (APT) group that FBI, CISA, ACSC, and NCSC assess is associated with the government of Iran. FBI and CISA have observed this Iranian government-sponsored APT exploit Fortinet and Microsoft Exchange ProxyShell vulnerabilities to gain initial access to systems in advance of follow-on operations, which include deploying ransomware.

          • Linux has a serious security problem that once again enables DNS cache poisoning

            The sleight of hand worked because DNS at the time relied on a transaction ID to prove the IP number returned came from an authoritative server rather than an imposter server attempting to send people to a malicious site. The transaction number had only 16 bits, which meant that there were only 65,536 possible transaction IDs.

            Kaminsky realized that hackers could exploit the lack of entropy by bombarding a DNS resolver with off-path responses that included each possible ID. Once the resolver received a response with the correct ID, the server would accept the malicious IP and store the result in cache so that everyone else using the same resolver—which typically belongs to a corporation, organization, or ISP—would also be sent to the same malicious server.

          • Privacy/Surveillance

    • Environment

      • Wildlife/Nature

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • No centralised, verifiable record on internet shutdowns, says parliamentary panel: Reports

        In its report, the committee on information and technology noted that there were no rules to dictate these clampdowns.

      • No verifiable records of Internet shutdowns available: parliamentary panel – The Hindu

        There were no verifiable, centralised records of Internet shutdowns in the country. Neither the Ministry of Home Affairs nor the Department of Telecom maintain such a record, the parliamentary standing committee on information and technology pointed out in its report adopted on Tuesday.

        The committee, headed by senior Congress leader Shashi Tharoor, pressed for a detailed study on the economic impact owing to frequent and prolonged Internet shutdowns.

        Advocacy group Access Now, in a study published in March last, reported that India topped the list of countries that resorted to government imposed Internet clampdown.

        The report, as per sources, said that in absence of the database there was no mechanism to review whether the Internet clampdowns followed the laid down rules or the Supreme Court guidelines.

    • Digital Restrictions (DRM)

    • Monopolies

      • Copyrights

        • 28 New Prints Up On Our Online Shop – The Public Domain Review

          New delights for your walls, including works by Blake, Grandville, Redon, Hiroshige, and lots of stunning Japanese firework illustrations.

        • Imaging Inscape: *The Human Soul* (1913) – The Public Domain Review

          In The Human Soul: Its Movements, Its Lights, and the Iconography of the Fluidic Invisible, originally published in French in 1896, Dr. Hippolyte Baraduc (1850–1909) postulates the existence of “the fluidic invisible” — a “vital cosmic force”, which he calls Odic liquid, that extends across the universe and “saturates the organism of living beings and constitutes our fluidic body”. Instead of all things being composed of one elementary substance, as in philosophical accounts of the monad, in this cosmic vision, we all live in a sea that we cannot see, which Baraduc names Somod.

Links 17/11/2021: Brave Does Digital Currencies, Cockpit 257 Released

Posted in News Roundup at 6:41 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

    • Kernel Space

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to design a business card with Inkscape

        A new design is needed for a business card with a company logo, the person’s name, job title, email and phone contacts, as well as the company name and address. In this article you will learn how to install Inkscape, how to create a new document, design a simple logo, type texts, and how to lay out the logo and the text to finalize the card.

      • How to backup your passwords from Firefox and import them into a fresh copy, or LibreWolf, without Firefox Sync.

        Mozilla implemented support for importing CSV-formatted password lists generated by Firefox or other Web browsers, but it’s hiding by default.

        It’s fairly clear that Mozilla wants everyone to be pressured to create an account to use their Web browser. That way all of your browsing data is stored on a server you have no control over, and Mozilla may not either.

        (We don’t know if they farm this out to Clown Computing partners like Microsoft or Amazon.)

        To enable password import in Firefox or LibreWolf, type about:config into the address bar and hit enter, agree that you’ll be careful.

        Search for this entry:


        Double click to make it True.

        Now you are able to import passwords in CSV format. You should be able to export passwords from another browser and into Firefox or LibreWolf (where there is no Firefox Sync, due to privacy reasons), without needing any pesky Sync servers.

      • How to add Brave Search to GNOME Web and switch from DuckDuckGo

        How to add Brave Search to GNOME Web and switch from DuckDuckGo.

        In this article, we explore Brave Search. A new search engine from the company that makes the Brave Web browser.

        Perhaps you hop around browsers like I do and want to use Brave Search in GNOME Web, but all you get when you ask Brave how to add it is this.

      • How to Integrate ONLYOFFICE Docs with Alfresco on Ubuntu

        If your team and you work with content a lot, it might be a good idea to use an ECM (Enterprise Content Management) system. Taking into consideration a vast array of available solutions, it’s very difficult to choose the right tool for your purposes and needs.

        One of the best software tools in this category is Alfresco. Using it, you can easily store and collaborate on content with your teammates. In this guide, you will learn how to enable document editing within Alfresco with the help of ONLYOFFICE Docs.

      • How to Install Latest LAMP Stack in RHEL-based Distributions

        If you are a system administrator, a developer, or a DevOps engineer, chances are that at some point you’ve had to set up (or work with) a LAMP (Linux / Apache / MySQL or MariaDB / PHP) stack.

        The web and database servers, along with the well-known server-side language, are not available in their latest versions from the major distributions’ official repositories. If you like to play or work with cutting-edge software, you will need to either install them from a source or use a third-party repository.

      • How to Monitor Docker Containers with Zabbix Monitoring Tool

        Docker is arguably one of the most cherished DevOps tools that streamline the development, deployment, and shipping of applications inside containers.

        The concept of containerization entails leveraging container images. These are small, lightweight, and standalone executable packages that include everything that is needed to run an application including the source code, libraries and dependencies, and configuration files.

        By doing so, the application can run in almost any computing environment; traditional IT infrastructure, cloud, and a myriad of Linux / UNIX flavors.

    • Games

      • Nvidia’s new open source upscaling SDK could benefit AMD gamers as much as its own

        Nvidia’s image scaling and sharpening feature, Nvidia Image Scaling, has been updated today to improve performance and image quality. Though there’s more here of interest to gamers, even AMD ones. This upscaling feature is also being made open-source and cross-platform, meaning it could soon play nicely with AMD and Intel GPUs.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • 50,000 rules is not enough for Safari Content Blockers and I’m not hopeful that the situation will improve for GNOME Web, despite “WebExtensions” coming.

          GNOME Web uses WebkitGTK, which is basically an improved version of the one that Safari has. (No DRM modules and support for open media codecs.)

          However, it has some of the same limitations. One of these is using Content Blockers for the ad blocking. GNOME Web previously had one that was much, much worse, and caused many bugs, and ate RAM like it was going out of style, and was only partially compatible with Adblock Plus.

          So deleting it out of the browser and moving to use Webkit Content Blockers was a win by that measure.

          However, Apple is such a piece of shit company that they designed the scheme so that you’re limited to 50,000 rules. To put that in perspective, in most of my browsers, I have twice that many, and no, they don’t slow the browser down at all, because uBlock-Origin is efficient.

    • Distributions

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Fedora Community Outreach Revamp – Halloween Update

          The Fedora Community Outreach Revamp (FCOR) has been underway since summer of 2020. The co-leads, Mariana Balla and Sumantro Mukherjee, along with Marie Nordin, set out to repair broken bridges around Fedora’s outreach. We have made significant steps as a team towards completing the deliverables set out in the Fedora Objective. We are hoping to wrap things up in the next six months. As we move towards the close of 2021, we want to share the latest work that we have accomplished.

        • Friday’s Fedora Facts: 2021-45

          Here’s your weekly Fedora report. Read what happened this week and what’s coming up. Your contributions are welcome (see the end of the post)!

          Fedora Linux 33 will reach end of life on Tuesday 30 November. Nominations for the F35 elections cycle are now open.

        • Fedora Linux 36 wallpaper brainstorming!

          That’s right!!! We are officially ready to start brainstorming for Fedora 36 Wallpaper ideas because our candidate with a K last name has been chosen (drum roll please) and it’s Deepika Kurup! Ideas and progress are going to be documented on Design issue 789. If you want to help us brainstorm an approach, join us at 1830 UTC Wednesday in #fedora-design on Matrix.

        • Contribute at the Fedora Linux 36 Test Week for Kernel 5.15 – Fedora Community Blog

          The kernel team is working on final integration for kernel 5.15. This version was released just recently and will arrive soon in Fedora. As a result, the Fedora kernel and QA teams have organized a test week from Sunday, November 14, 2021 through Sunday, November 21, 2021. Refer to the wiki page for links to the test images you’ll need to participate. Read below for details.

        • Contribute at the Fedora Linux 36 Test Week for Kernel 5.15

          The kernel team is working on final integration for kernel 5.15. This version was just recently released, and will arrive soon in Fedora. As a result, the Fedora kernel and QA teams have organized a test week from Sunday, November 14, 2021 through Sunday, November 21, 2021. Refer to the wiki page for links to the test images you’ll need to participate. Read below for details.

        • CPE Weekly Update – Week of November 08th – 12nd
        • Call for F36 Test Days – Fedora Community Blog

          It’s time to start thinking about Test Days for Fedora Linux 36. A Test Day is an event aimed getting together interested users and developers to test a specific feature or area of the distribution. You can run a Test Day on just about anything for which it would be useful to do some fairly focused testing in ‘real time’ with a group of testers; it doesn’t have to be code. For instance, we often run Test Days for l10n/i18n topics. For more information on Test Days, see the wiki.

        • Cockpit 257

          Formerly, cockpit-tls, the process responsible for handling encryption on HTTPS connections to cockpit, would directly read the certificate file for itself. This required the private key file to be owned by the cockpit-ws user (or group) that this process ran as. Users sometimes want to share the same key file with several different services, making this arrangement awkward. It also required additional configuration steps in the case of automatically-issued certificates.

          Cockpit now reads the certificate and key files as the root user, allowing them to be installed with any set of permissions.

        • Fedora Community Blog: Upcoming Mindshare Committee Election: What to know

          We released Fedora Linux 35 and that means it’s time for the elections for various governing bodies in Fedora. This includes the Mindshare Committee. One seat is open on the Committee this election to serve two release cycles (one year). We invite you to vote in the upcoming Mindshare Committee election, and even run for the seat if you are inspired! Participating on the Mindshare Committee takes 1-3 hours weekly, as well as the expectation that you will attend any face-to-faces (virtual or in-person) if possible. This is an opportunity to support the Fedora Project in an organizational capacity, and you don’t need a lot of experience. Each Fedoran’s perspective is valuable to the work that Mindshare does. We would love to have you be a part of the Committee.

          Maybe you know someone who wants to be more involved in Fedora and would be a good fit. Make sure to get consent from the nominee if you decide to nominate someone. If you or someone you know is interested in running, add those names to the Mindshare Election wiki page. The Election Wrangler will reach out to you with next steps.

        • Remi Collet: Enterprise Linux 9 Repository

          Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 Beta is released and CentOS 9 Stream is available, so my repository is already open and (mostly) fully populated.

          As EPEL is not yet ready, for now you have to enable “remi” repository which provides lot of packages usually available in EPEL.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Web Browsers

        • Chromium

          • Brave embeds a cryptocurrency wallet right in the browser

            Brave version 1.32 includes a dedicated wallet built right into the browser, in which users can store their private keys for various cryptocurrency holdings. (Read our review of Brave 1.0.) The company claims that the direct integration is more secure than a third-party browser plugin, but also allows users to connect with hardware wallet devices like Trezor and Ledger. Brave’s wallet also provides real-time market information as well as the ability to buy and pay via various cryptocurrencies.

  • Leftovers

    • In Resemblance of the Living

      Alone I spirit myself away looking at the many flowers born on the balcony, certainly not thanks to me, the gardener was the wind. They skin me with precision, their beauty sinks in with the same noble knife used by the missing. I remember your laughter whirling all around when I confessed that flowers frighten me.

      Mine is a young pain, it’ll take patience, waiting as the bird at the edge of a field just barely sown. I loved you with a human love, like taking off one’s clothes at night and putting them back on in the morning. Now in these boundless days I write you an invisible letter to tell you there’s a wonderful path a pearl that goes rolling fast down a tree-lined avenue towing lightness with it, towing wakefulness.

    • You Couldn’t Lose Me

      It was like waking up in California— the awkward blossoms, the sky an aggressive blue. I remember the smell from your armpits, the greenhouse windows covered in white paint, where the air was heavy. The silver weeds. A small herd of farm animals at the Agricultural College wore the field to dust. The wind was hot and fresh on our faces. The donkey looked so dumb trying to walk. It was simple: Beneath your shirt was skin. I remember that first year, pulling your briefs from the hamper.

    • PBS Taps Maribel Lopez to Lead Digital Studios

      PBS has hired Maribel Lopez, an executive producer and managing director at a PBS member station in Minnesota, to lead its digital studios, which produces original and short-form content on social platforms like YouTube.

      Lopez begins on December 13 and replaces Brandon Arolfo, who exited PBS earlier this year to join Travel + Leisure as vp creative and content. Lopez will join PBS from Twin Cities PBS, where she is the executive producer of Sound Field, a music education series on YouTube that is produced for PBS Digital Studios, and the managing director of Racism Unveiled, a multimedia storytelling project that explores racism in Minnesota.

    • Education

      • Our math skills are keeping us from bigger, juicier burgers

        As QSR Magazine explains, back in the 1980s when the McDonald’s Quarter Pounder was the burger to beat, A&W had the great idea to debut a 1/3 Pound Burger at the same price as a Quarter Pounder. More meat for your dollar—what could go wrong? Unfortunately, the burger was a total flop, for reasons that A&W didn’t see coming. In focus groups following the disastrous launch of the 1/3 Pound Burger, customers indicated that they thought 1/3 pound of meat was smaller than 1/4 pound, because 4 is a bigger number than 3. So people considered the burger a rip-off, not a deal.

        A&W, perhaps embittered by the hard-learned lessons of the past, is still stuck on winning Americans over with a big, juicy burger. So it has decided to rebrand the 1/3 Pound Burger in a way that Americans of all math skill levels will be drawn to: the 3/9 lb. Burger.

      • ‘Democracy in freefall’ at Australian universities

        The Greens say the combination of federal and state legislation and “active steps” by university management has left staff and students with little say in decisions that affect them. Such decisions have been outsourced to “a small group of unelected senior managers” and governing body appointees who “have entrenched a corporate university model”.

        “The collapse of democracy on university campuses has had devastating consequences for staff and students,” Dr Faruqi said. “Funding cuts, fee hikes, systemic wage theft and rampant casualisation have all followed.

      • Progressives Can No Longer Cede School Boards to the GOP

        In 1996, conservative Christian activist Ralph Reed declared, “I would rather have a thousand school board members than one president and no school board members.” As today’s school board meetings devolve into screaming matches and fistfights over mask requirements, vaccine mandates, and anti-racist curriculums, conservatives are once again growing their influence within one of the most underrated power structures in American politics.

      • Cubans Say They Are More Excited About School Reopening Than Regime Change

        “If you build it, they will come,” said Kevin Costner in the Field of Dreams. In Cuba, they didn’t come. Dissidents on the island, with their U.S. backers, had been working feverishly for months to turn the unprecedented July 11 protests into a crescendo of government opposition on November 15. They built a formidable structure, with sophisticated social media (including an abundance of fake news), piles of cash from Cuban Americans and the U.S. government, and declarations of support from a bipartisan Congress and all the way up to the White House.

    • Hardware

      • Blacksmith

        We demonstrate that it is possible to trigger Rowhammer bit flips on all DRAM devices today despite deployed mitigations on commodity off-the-shelf systems with little effort. This result has a significant impact on the system’s security as DRAM devices in the wild cannot easily be fixed, and previous work showed real-world Rowhammer attacks are practical, for example, in the browser using JavaScript, on smartphones, across VMs in the cloud, and even over the network.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • The FDA’s Lax Oversight of Research in Developing Countries can do Harm to Vulnerable Participants

        My study highlighted loopholes in the agency’s oversight processes that exploited vulnerable people and led to faulty data for drug approval decisions. Until the early 2000s, participants in FDA-reviewed research trials came almost entirely from the U.S. But a 2010 report from the Department of Health and Human Services found that 78% of research participants were enrolled overseas. Faster research subject recruitment and lower expenses – paired with these regulatory loopholes – seem to be driving this shift.

        It isn’t clear how often these gaps allow problematic trials to slip through the system, because trials that go wrong can simply not be disclosed, and there are virtually no on-site inspections.

      • Massive COVID Surge Rattles Europe, Putting US at Risk Ahead of Thanksgiving
      • One Major Reason the U.S. Hasn’t Stopped Syphilis From Killing Babies

        In public health, a “sentinel event” is a case of preventable harm so significant that it serves as a warning that the system is failing. The alarms are now blaring.

        A growing number of babies are being born with syphilis after their mothers contract the sexually transmitted disease and the bacteria crosses the placenta. These cases are 100% preventable: When mothers who have syphilis are treated with penicillin while pregnant, babies are often born without a trace of the disease. But when mothers go untreated, there is a 40% chance their babies will be miscarried, be stillborn or die shortly after birth. Those who survive can be born with deformed bones or damaged brains, or can suffer from severe anemia, hearing loss or blindness.

      • US and UK Press Mock New Zealand’s Incredibly Successful Covid Response

        When New Zealand’s Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern announced the country’s transition away from its coronavirus elimination strategy, also known as “zero-Covid,” US and British media outlets framed the decision as a recognition of the inevitable failure of an irrational goal.

      • Millions of Afghans Face Starvation as US and the West Freeze Government Funds
      • “Hell on Earth”: Millions of Afghans Face Starvation as U.S. & West Freeze Billions in Gov’t Funds

        Humanitarian and economic conditions are rapidly deteriorating in Afghanistan, where the U.N. estimates that more than half of the population suffers from acute hunger. The country has fallen into an economic crisis after the U.S. and other Western countries cut off direct financial assistance to the government following the Taliban takeover in August. Taliban leaders are also unable to access billions of dollars in Afghan national reserves that are held in banks overseas. “Forty million civilians were left behind when the NATO countries went for the door in August,” says Jan Egeland, secretary general of the Norwegian Refugee Council, who recently visited Afghanistan and with refugees in Iran, where as many as 5,000 Afghans are fleeing everyday. “They told me very clearly, ‘We believe we will starve and freeze to death this harsh winter unless there is an enormous aid operation coming through.’”

      • ‘Reckless’ FDA and Big Pharma Greed Blamed for Medicare Premium Hike

        Medicare Part B recipients will soon be hit with one of the biggest premium increases in the history of the government program, a hike driven in large part by the Food and Drug Administration’s scandalous approval of a costly—and, according to many experts, dubious—Alzheimer’s drug.

        “Medicare’s inability to negotiate lower drug prices means that Big Pharma companies can charge whatever they want.”

      • Amazon to Pay CA $500K After Being Accused of Breaking COVID Workplace Rules
      • Elizabeth Warren Urges Biden to Free People Imprisoned on Marijuana Charges
      • Why Biden Should Legalize Marijuana Right Now
      • Two ‘forever chemicals’ more toxic than previously thought: EPA drafts

        The drafts found the safe levels of ingestion for chemicals perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) are much lower than the agency had found in prior assessments.

        The agency also found that PFOA is “likely” carcinogenic to humans. This is a step up from before, as it has previously said that there is “suggestive” evidence that the substance can cause cancer.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • On the recent vulnerability in Diebold Nixdorf ATMs

          First of all, it should be said that the firmware is encrypted with keys that are known only to the vendor. An attacker can exploit the vulnerabilities described by Positive Technologies (one in each device) to upload firmware to the dispenser without knowing the encryption keys (they will be mentioned below as KEY0 and KEY1). That is, having a clean code, an attacker can modify it however he likes, encrypt it again, upload it to the ATM, and then withdraw cash bypassing the existing USB traffic encryption algorithms. Well, now let’s move on to the details…

        • Convictions of eight former subpostmasters in Scotland under review

          About 60 former subpostmasters in England, Wales and Northern Ireland convicted of theft and false accounting have already had their convictions overturned, including 39 in a landmark Court of Appeal hearing in April this year. There are likely to be many more. Between 2000 and 2015, 736 were convicted of crimes based on evidence from the faulty Horizon system.

        • Post Office board ‘appalling’ and ‘short-sighted’, said minister researching Horizon project in 2000

          A government minister researching the Horizon project in 2000 said that, given the choice, he would have sacked the entire Post Office board.

          The Horizon project saw the Post Office branch network computerised, but the system led to subpostmasters being wrongly blamed and even imprisoned because of unexplained accounting shortfalls that were actually caused by software errors.

        • Post Office Horizon IT Inquiry demands more evidence

          The Post Office Horizon IT Inquiry took place in London on Monday 8 November. Chaired by Sir Wyn Williams, the process’ aim is to provide a public summary of the failings which occurred with the Horizon IT system at the Post Office leading to the suspension, termination of subpostmasters’ contracts, prosecution and conviction of subpostmasters.

          The Inquiry had been made statutory earlier this year in light of the quashing of sentences of subpostmasters who had been wrongly convicted due to errors made by the Horizon system.

        • New malware ‘SharkBot’ attacking banking apps on Android phones

          New Delhi, Cybersecurity researchers have discovered a new Android Trojan that can circumvent multi-factor authentication on banking apps on smartphones, putting users’ financial data and money at risk.

          Called ‘SharkBot’, the Android malware has been found in attacks across Europe and the US, focused on stealing funds from mobile phones running the Google Android operating system.

        • Security

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • Podcast Episode: What Police Get When They Get Your Phone
            • EU’s Latest Internet Regulatory Madness: Destroying Internet Security With Its Digital Identity Framework

              The EU is at it again. Recently Mozilla put out a position paper highlighting the latest dangerous move by busybody EU regulators who seem to think that they can magically regulate the internet without (1) understanding it, or (2) bothering to talk to people who do understand it. The issue is the Digital Identity Framework, which, in theory, is supposed to do some useful things regarding interoperability and digital identities. This could be really useful in enabling more end user control over identity and information (a key part of my whole Protocols, Not Platforms concept). But the devil is in the details, and the details are a mess.

            • Google Allegedly Boasted of Slowing Down and Delaying ePrivacy Regulation, Accused of Colluding with Facebook

              The amended complaint now includes 17 states. Its 173 pages offer one of the best descriptions of how the online advertising model works, and how deeply embedded Google is in every aspect of the system. Of particular interest to readers of this blog are some fairly stunning allegations about Google’s attempts to limit protection for its users’ privacy. For example, one section claims:

            • Meta and Microsoft move to tie Workplace and Teams closer together

              Although the two companies compete in a variety of ways (Microsoft’s Viva Connections also provides social network capabilities, for instance, and both recently unveiled competing visions for immersive collaboration) Wednesday’s move is an acknowledgement that many customers now rely on a range of tools to support employee collaboration.

            • EU snooping laws could see YOUR private messages being read – stark warning

              Even though the new proposals are only intended to affect individuals living in the EU, as many chat services are worldwide, the “obligation” placed on service providers may extend to “all users”, Patrick Breyer, a Pirate Party MEP and privacy campaigner, told the Express.

            • Facebook’s Algorithm Is Broken. We Collected Some Spicy Suggestions On How To Fix It.

              If the algorithm is to blame, can Facebook change the algorithm to make it better? What would that look like? To find out, I interviewed 12 leading experts on data and computer science, as well as former Facebook employees, and asked them to propose changes that could help the algorithm suck less. What I got was a range of ideas about how Facebook could start to solve this problem, or whether a solution is even possible. Some are more radical than others, so I’ve categorized these ideas from mild to spicy (though we know Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg prefers it sweet).

            • Apple “Privacy”. Safari sends 32 requests to Google and Apple servers because you typed a 5 letter word in the address bar.

              “Safari sends typed text both to a Google server clients1.google.com and to an Apple server api-glb-dub.smoot.apple.com. Data is initially sent to both every time a new letter is typed, although transmission to clients1.google.com stops shortly after the first word “leith” is complete. The result is 7 requests to clients1.google.com and 25 requests to api-glb-dub.smoot.apple.com, a total of 32 requests”

            • Confidentiality

    • Defence/Aggression

      • Refugees Face Tear Gas, Water Cannons as Violence Escalates at Poland-Belarus Border

        A group of migrants trapped in freezing conditions at the Belarus-Poland border faced water cannons and tear gas by Polish border guards on Tuesday amid an ongoing humanitarian and political crisis.

        Polish forces put the blame for the violence, which took place near the Bruzgi-Kuznica border crossing, on some of the thousands of migrants throwing objects.

      • U.S. and Its Allies Are Fueling Worldwide Erosion of Democracy, Analysis Shows

        “Much of the world’s backsliding is not imposed on democracies by foreign powers, but rather is a rot rising within the world’s most powerful network of mostly democratic alliances.”

      • Let’s Stop Handing the Pentagon Blank Checks

        Even as Congress moves to increase the Pentagon budget well beyond the astronomical levels proposed by the Biden administration, a new report from the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) has outlined three different ways to cut $1 trillion in Department of Defense spending over the next decade. A rational defense policy could yield far more in the way of reductions, but resistance from the Pentagon, weapons contractors, and their many allies in Congress would be fierce.

      • Opinion | America’s Terrible God Is a Weapons-Maker

        Who is America’s god? The Christian god of the beatitudes, the one who healed the sick, helped the poor, and preached love of neighbor? Not in these (dis)United States. In the Pledge of Allegiance, we speak proudly of One Nation under God, but in the aggregate, this country doesn’t serve or worship Jesus Christ, or Allah, or any other god of justice and mercy. In truth, the deity America believes in is the five-sided one headquartered in Arlington, Virginia.

      • Historian Alfred McCoy Predicts the U.S. Empire is Collapsing as China’s Power Grows

        President Joe Biden’s virtual summit Monday with Chinese President Xi Jinping follows the two countries’ announcement just days earlier they will work together to confront the climate emergency after Xi did not attend the U.N. climate summit in Glasgow. Tension has been mounting between the two superpowers, especially over Taiwan and Hong Kong, with some speculating that a new Cold War is developing. “The United States, in the immediate future, is faced with the possibility of fighting a war over Taiwan … that it would probably lose,” says Alfred McCoy, professor of history at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in an extended interview about U.S.-China relations. “China is also working to break the U.S. geopolitical hold over the Eurasian landmass.” McCoy is a prolific author and his newest book is out today: “To Govern the Globe: World Orders and Catastrophic Change.”

      • German project: Drones for non-governmental maritime rescue

        Searchwing has developed a waterproof drone that can be hand-launched from a ship. In a two-hour mission, the aircraft flies up to 120 kilometres. For real-time transmission, members are working on a new model.

      • US Congress to punish lawmaker over violent clip

        Arizona Congressman Paul Gosar faces a formal censure on Wednesday in the Democratic-controlled Congress.

        It came after he posted then deleted an anime video that Democrats say promoted violence against President Joe Biden and lawmaker Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez.

      • They attack Spanish gendarmes and shout: “Here we Arabs have the say!”

        This is what happened last weekend when two trainee community service officers were “cornered” at the Ébano discotheque in Peñíscola after being recognised as members of the police corps.At the discotheque, a group of five people of different nationalities, mainly Moroccans, who are known criminals in the area, recognised the civilian officers and started harassing them inside the club. “We are waiting for you outside,” was the threat. In view of this, the officers decided not to leave the discotheque but to wait until it was closed, believing that they had left the discotheque but were waiting for them. When the club was closed, they appeared and shouted:”We Arabs have the say here”, pointed out that the Guardia Civil had no business in this place and started to attack the officers.

      • Michael Flynn Pushed Defense Department to Seize Ballots, Overturn Trump’s Loss: Report

        According to the book, after the election, Flynn placed a call to Ezra Cohen, a senior intelligence official who had previously worked under Flynn. Cohen was traveling in the Middle East at the time, but Flynn urged him to get back to the United States because, as Karl writes, there was going to be an “epic showdown” over the election results. Flynn told Cohen that “he needed to get orders signed, that ballots needed to be seized, and that extraordinary measures needed to be taken to stop Democrats from stealing the election.” (To be clear, this is projection on Flynn’s part: The actions he urged Cohen to take would be an effort to steal an election. There’s no evidence of widespread voter fraud.)

    • Environment

      • Climate Deniers Are Using These Four Major Scare Tactics to Stop Climate Action

        When fossil fuel companies found out about the link between their product and climate change decades ago, they did everything they could to hide it. They lied, manipulated, and deceived. 

        Today, denying the reality of climate change isn’t as easy, and it is certainly more controversial. But that doesn’t mean climate deniers — fossil fuel companies, lobbyists, and their allies opposed to climate action — have moved past the lies. 

      • China and Solutions to Climate Change

        Last year, President Xi Jinping, pledged that China’s CO2 emissions would peak before 2030, and China would become carbon neutral before 2060.

        China has a track history of setting ambitious, nearly impossible goals and then achieving them–often before deadline–so this pledge is significant. Under the CPC, China has already created “an economic miracle” in transforming China into the largest economy in the world. It ended extreme poverty while creating the largest middle class in the world.  It has virtually eradicated Covid through non-pharmaceutical methods, while vaccinating up to 20 million people daily, and pledging the largest number of vaccines (2.2 Billion) and distributing over 1 Billion-to the rest of the world. It has also been applying this incredible focus and national resolve to tackle Climate change.

      • Opinion | The People vs. COP26: Time for Politicians, Billionaires to Listen

        Of all the speeches and political grandstanding at the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Glasgow (COP26), the words of Mexican President, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, were the most profound and least hypocritical.

      • Glasgow’s “Conference of the Polluters” Again Confirms that Global Arson Needs Local Fire Extinguishers

        The United Nations COP26 Glasgow Climate Pact signed on November 14 is another confirmation of what we learned in Durban in 2011, at the 17th UN climate summit. As expressed by Indigenous activist Ta’Kaiya Blaney (from the Tla A’min Nation in western Canada): ‘COP26 is a performance. It is an illusion constructed to save the capitalist economy rooted in resource extraction and colonialism.’

        Swedish youth leader Greta Thunberg was also clear: ‘The COP26 is over. Here’s a brief summary: Blah, Blah, Blah. But the real work continues outside these halls. And we will never give up, ever.’

      • ‘We Are in a Climate Emergency’: Historic Floods in BC, Washington Follow Scientists’ Warnings

        After a summer that featured the “world’s most extreme heatwave in modern history,” which experts linked to human-caused global heating, the Pacific Northwest was inundated with floodwaters Monday, fueling fresh calls for ambitious action to combat the climate emergency.

        The recent rain and subsequent flooding—which came on the heels of the COP26 climate summit in Scotland—led to evacuations, power outages, rescues, school closures, and stranded vehicles in Washington state and British Columbia, Canada.

      • Opinion | Forget Any COP26 Promises Your Heard. Just Look at the $6 Trillion in Fossil Fuel Subsidies

        It sounds incredible: while politicians have been cackling about the climate emergency and profiling in empty promises to halt it, they have spent six trillion US dollars from taxpayers’ money to subsidise fossil fuels in just one year: 2020. And they are set to increase the figure to nearly seven trillion by 2025.

      • The People vs. COP26: Time for Politicians, Billionaires to Listen

        Lopez Obrador raged against the “technocrats and neoliberals” – world leaders who hold the future of humanity in their hands. This was a direct reference to leaders of the powerful countries that “increase their fuel production, at the same time that they hold summits for the protection of the environment,” while arriving in Glasgow on private jets.

        Indeed, hypocrisy continues to define what is meant to be a collective global fight against climate change and its ravaging, often deadly consequences.

      • Opinion | The Mixed Blessings of the Glasgow Climate Pact

        The pact creates a timeline to bring nations back to the table with higher commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, references the reduction of fossil fuels, and allocates more funding from developed nations to developing nations. 

      • Lying in Public Life: The Scott Morrison Formula

        Prior to heading to Glasgow, Morrison, having done his bit of crossdressing on the climate change front, was coy.  He refused to reveal the modelling that went into the fabulous predictions of net-neutral utopia.  But on his return, and after any sense of jet lag had been overcome, he was happy to promote the scanty details of an enterprise verging on a hoax.

        Such efforts have become the stock and trade of a man habitually committed to the advertising message.  At best, it is simple dissimulation; at worse – and here, we find ourselves on difficult territory – it is mendacious.  Little wonder, then, that critics have been coming out of late with a sort of adamant righteousness against the Australian prime minister’s relationship with lying.

      • Why Some Polluter’s Victims Hate Enviros More Than Polluters

        Environmental groups have utterly failed to organize citizens to lobby environmental enforcers to go after big polluters. Meanwhile, citizens see every day that government brings the full force of the law down on average citizens without mercy. This undermines efforts to strengthen the laws and provides evidence to conservatives, populists and nationalists that liberals and strong government advocates are really on the side of the banksters, hedge funds and big guys. Neoliberalism and win-win have created people like Trump, who can persuade people the fix is in. And that fix includes the entire edifice of partnerships, consensus and win-win to keep corporations on top and average people in thrall to anything that purports to bring people together.

        Bad actors and ivory tower academics have always tried to lure activists into consensus and partnerships, but from Alinsky’s words there is no escape: “All change means movement, movement means friction and friction means heat. You’ll find consensus only in a totalitarian state, communist or fascist… conflict is the vital core of an open society…”

      • Energy

        • Opinion | How ‘Low Carbon’ Energy Became the New ‘Low Tar’ Cigarette

          The top executives of ExxonMobil, Shell, Chevron, and BP America were put in the hot seat last month, when the House Oversight and Reform Committee grilled them under oath about their companies’ well-documented campaigns to spread disinformation and deceive the public about the role their products play in causing climate change. 

        • ‘Lighting the Fuse on a Massive Carbon Bomb’: Biden Rebuked on Eve of Drilling Lease Sale

          Climate and environmental campaigners on Tuesday took President Joe Biden to task on the eve of his administration’s scheduled oil and gas drilling auction of 80 million acres in the Gulf of Mexico—a move that comes just days after the U.S. leader pleaded for “every nation to do its part” to combat the climate emergency at the U.N.-backed climate summit in Glasgow, Scotland.

          “Continued leasing for dirty and dangerous offshore drilling is a disaster for our environment, our economy, and our climate.”

        • Forgive Humans, Not Oil Companies
        • Let’s get students off the plane and on to the train

          Despite this, university students around Europe are not travelling in an environmentally friendly way when using the European Union’s student exchange programme Erasmus+. Taking the plane is the standard procedure when students go to study abroad. To limit the carbon footprint of international exchange, we have to give the students a better opportunity to get off the plane and on the train.

        • Swedish Regulators Call for EU Ban on [Cryptocurrency] Mining, Power Company Defends Industry

          Alarmed by the rising energy needs of cryptocurrency mining, Sweden’s financial and environmental regulators have recently proposed an EU-wide ban on proof-of-work coin minting. The Swedish officials believe this would encourage a move towards a more energy-efficient extraction of bitcoin while supporting the transition towards climate neutrality in Sweden and Europe. A state-run power company warns, however, that restrictions could have an adverse effect on global carbon emissions.

        • Why is India clinging to coal?

          India has another reason for hanging on to coal: politics. The black stuff is big business, making it ripe for graft. In the 1990s and 2000s mining contracts were handed out to government cronies at knockdown prices, a scandal that became known as “Coalgate”. Mining also provides a rich seam of votes. According to one study, between 10-15m Indians depend on coal for their livelihood, many of them miners in the country’s poorest states, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh.

    • Finance

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • Critics Warn Corporate Democrats Obsessing Over CBO Are Peddling a ‘Right-Wing Scam’

        As House members await the Congressional Budget Office’s cost assessment of the Build Back Better package, outside progressives are attempting to hammer home their view that right-wing Democrats’ expressed concerns about the looming CBO deficit projection are completely cynical—and should be treated as such.

        “The whole ‘pay for’ thing is a right-wing scam, and Democrats are dumb for playing by GOP rules that the GOP doesn’t itself follow.”

      • Digital Democracies: How Liberal Governments Can Adapt In The Technological Age

        At the turn of the last millennium, there was a wave of optimism surrounding new technologies and the empowerment of the modern digital citizen. A decade later, protestors across North Africa and the Middle East leveraged platforms such as Facebook and Twitter to bring down authoritarian regimes during the revolutions of the Arab Spring and it was believed these technologies would bring about a new flourishing of the worldwide liberal democratic order.

      • Trump Could be Re-Elected in the 2024, Yet Democrats are Still Obsessing Over the Steele Dossier

        In 2016, Hillary Clinton tried to put unrelenting focus on Trump’s failings, convinced that these were so flagrant that they would alienate the majority of voters. The demonisation backfired because it gifted Trump millions of hours of free television time as his every word was covered by the media, while Clinton’s speeches were cut or ignored. Assisted further by Clinton’s comically inept campaign, Trump was able to win an election that he had expected to lose.

        Five years on and the Democrats have just been defeated at the polls in a series of closely watched elections for much the same reasons as they lost in 2016. They pursued their old strategy of portraying Trump as the source of all evil. In the Virginia gubernatorial election, in which the Democrats suffered their worst reverse, the Democratic candidate Terry McAuliffe failed to win in a state carried by Joe Biden with a large majority. A former governor with an undistinguished record, he was regarded by many as a party hack close to the Clintons and with a limited appetite for campaigning. He portrayed his Republican opponent Glenn Youngkin as a dyed-in-the-wool Trump supporter, although Youngkin had distanced himself from the former president.

      • With No Change in Votes, GOP Would Win Through Gerrymandering
      • ‘A Damn Shame’: Ohio Senate Approves ‘Extreme’ Gerrymandered Map Favoring GOP

        Ohio’s Republican-dominated Senate on Tuesday approved a congressional district map that critics say is designed to benefit the GOP—a move that sparked swift criticism of the state’s lawmakers and bolstered demands for Congress to pass federal legislation to protect voting rights and outlaw gerrymandering.

        Unveiled late Monday by Republican state lawmakers, the new map was advanced by the Ohio Senate Local Government and Elections Committee before being approved by the full upper chamber. It still needs approval from the Ohio House and GOP Gov. Mike DeWine.

      • Meta goes into lockdown

        The pulling of the talks highlights how a barrage of leaks and external scrutiny has chilled the flow of information inside the company formerly known as Facebook. Many of the changes appear designed to thwart the next Frances Haugen, who worked in the Integrity organization responsible for making the social network safer before she quit earlier this year, taking thousands of internal documents with her. Those documents served as the basis for a series of damning stories in The Wall Street Journal and dozens of other news outlets, including The Verge. Some of them, such as internal research showing Instagram and Facebook can have negative effects on young people, have led to congressional hearings and lawsuits. And as the bad press continues, Meta executives have argued that the documents were cherry-picked to smear the company and paint an incomplete story.

      • Group behind cyberattacks on multiple governments linked to Belarus

        Researchers for cybersecurity company Mandiant made the attribution as part of a new report, assessing with “high confidence” that the activity of what has been labeled the “Ghostwriter” information campaign was “aligned with Belarusian government interests.”

        A cyber espionage group, which Mandiant labeled “UNC1151,” was also linked to the Belarusian government. Mandiant in April had reported that UNC1151 was helping conduct Ghostwriter influence operations.

      • The Coolest Member of the Senate Is Retiring

        At the time, Leahy was the youngest senator ever elected from Vermont. He took office as one of the two youngest Democrats in the chamber. The other was Delaware Senator Joe Biden. Now, Biden is the 78-year-old president of the United States, and Leahy is the 81-year-old president pro tempore of the Senate, making him the third person in the current line of succession to the presidency.

      • The 1619 Project and the Denial of the Enslavement of Blacks in Islam

        If there is going to be an accusation of racism against Blacks as a cause of slavery, then perhaps the “1619 Project” advocates should look at the Islamic world were an estimated 529,000 to 869,000 black men, women and children are still slaves.

        Pope St. Zachary (741-752) is documented for saying: “Wherever Islam goes slavery follows, and specifically the horrible institution of sex slavery, as that was the primary reason for it.” And while thre might have been a times where Muslims were told to treat their slaves decently, or promised a great reward in heaven if they choose to free a slave. But there is NOT A SINGLE VERSE in the Quran or the hadiths that abolishes slavery: [...]

    • Misinformation/Disinformation

      • Facebook Whistleblower Testifies Before ‘Grand Committee On Disinformation’; Which Includes Countries That Lock People Up For Criticizing The Gov’t

        It didn’t get as much press as some of Facebook whistleblower Frances Haugen’s other high profile talks to government inquisitors, but last week, Haugen testified before the rather Orwellian International Grand Committee on Disinformation. This is a bizarre “committee” set up by regulators around the world, but its focus — and its members — are kind of notable. Considering that tons of evidence shows that cable news is a much larger vector of disinformation flows to the general public, it seems notable that the “International Grand Committee on Disinformation” seems to only want to pay attention to online disinformation. I mean, it’s right in the group’s mission:

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • 100+ Global Donors Pen Letter to ‘Stand With’ Palestinian Rights Groups Outlawed by Israel

        More than 100 global philanthropic foundations and individual donors on Tuesday joined a growing chorus of human rights advocates who have condemned Israel for its recent decision to label six prominent Palestinian civil society groups as “terrorist organizations,” and stressed that the apartheid regime’s move will not affect their funding decisions.

        “The cynical weaponization of anti-terrorism laws poses an existential threat both for Palestinian human rights defenders and those defending human rights globally.”

      • Drag queens are being swatted while streaming on Twitch. They want it to stop.

        Since September, six members of the streaming group Stream Queens, a collective of drag queens who stream mostly horror video games on Twitch, have been swatted, according to members of the group.

        Swatting can be deadly. In 2017, Andrew Finch, of Wichita, Kansas, was killed during a swatting raid. Tyler Barriss, who called in the false report, was sentenced to 20 years in prison.

      • “Censorship is never okay at any cost”, says Naomi Osaka, joins Djokovic and Cornet in expressing concern for Peng Shuai’s safety

        Naomi Osaka has joined a growing list of high-profile tennis stars to have expressed concerns regarding the safety of fellow player Peng Shuai. The Chinese player has been facing censorship in her country following her allegations of sexual abuse against the country’s Vice Premier of Zhang Gaoli.

      • Science Round-Up: Has religious satire shaped our culture more than religion itself?

        But that might not be so. In a new paper, ‘The Gospel of Deviance’, satire researcher Dennis Meyhoff Brink from the University of Copenhagen has traced the early roots of religious criticism to the 1100s and argues that satire actually played a greater role in the spread of democratic values ​​in medieval Europe than Christianity itself.

      • Germany: Because he drew a Mohammed caricature as a Muslim, he is now threatened by his own family, a lot of other Muslims and the German courts

        But: It is possible that Slim is now even being investigated. “Irrespective of a possible endangerment of the person concerned, the Offenburg public prosecutor’s office is currently examining whether the publication of the person concerned could in turn be punishable.”

        Meaning: Did Mohammed Ali Slim insult religious societies with the publication?

      • Arrested in my pyjamas: I became a Russian political prisoner at 23

        I was working as an editor at DOXA, an online student magazine in Moscow. Three other editors and I released a three-minute video in which we criticised universities for illegally expelling protesters. As my sign off, I said, “the government has declared war on young people. But we will definitely win.” We showed the script to lawyers, who said it didn’t contain criminal content.


        The judge placed me and the other editors under house arrest. We were also banned from using the [Internet] and making phone calls. Two weeks later, after we appealed, the court let us go out for a two-hour walk each morning.

      • The Islamophobia Industry

        MT: What is the Islamophobia industry?

        DB: There are two #Islamophobia Industries. One is run by Muslims to fight Islamophobia – what they refer to as the irrational fear of Islam. I would suggest that for many, fear of Islam is rational.

        The other is the one about which I write: the Industry set out to silence anyone who criticizes or questions Islam. This Industry has managed to turn Islam, a religion and political ideology, into a race. By doing that they can legally stop any criticism because race is immutable; one, obviously, cannot change one’s race, so attacking race is forbidden.

      • The Jihad on Mimicry

        After the Muslim mob had had its fill, it was the Muslim authorities’ turn: at least four of the teenagers were arrested on the charge of “insulting Islam,” detained for 45 days and subjected to “ill-treatment,” according to one human rights group.

        Then, in early 2016, three of these Christian teenagers were sentenced to five years imprisonment. The fourth defendant, 15, was handed a juvenile detention for an indefinite period. They “have been sentenced for contempt of Islam and inciting sectarian strife,” explained their defense lawyer, Maher Naguib: “The judge didn’t show any mercy. He handed down the maximum punishment.”

      • American Fascism on Trial in Kenosha

        Two of the martyrs, Anthony Huber and Joe Joe Rosenbaum, were killed by the cop-and Trump-worshipping teen vigilante Kyle Rittenhouse, in Kenosha, Wisconsin, on August 25, 2020. They died trying to prevent Rittenhouse from murdering people marching for Black lives and against the brutal and outrageous Kenosha police shooting of the 29-year-old Black man Jacob Blake.

        Closing arguments in Rittenhouse’s murder trial are being made today (Monday, November 15th). Most legal experts following the trial expect Rittenhouse to escape conviction on the most serious charges. Contrary to what his defense team claims, Kyle Rittenhouse didn’t come to Kenosha with a fully loaded and illegally owned military assault rifle just to protect used car dealerships. He hooked up in Kenosha with the Boogaloo Bois, a neo-Nazi network that wants to spark a genocidal race war. He later partied and made white-supremacist hand signals with the Proud Boys.

      • The Rittenhouse effect: Republicans want a Stasi of their own

        One of the most prominent groups advocating for this heavy-handed censorship is the misleadingly named “Moms for Liberty,” which presents as a “parents rights” group, but is in fact a racist organization dedicated to banning books about Martin Luther King Jr. and replacing them with books that insist there was no racial component to American slavery. Now the New Hampshire branch of Moms for Liberty is taking it to the next level. As Insider reports, the group is offering a $500 bounty to any person who reports a teacher supposedly breaking the law banning “critical race theory.”

    • Freedom of Information/Freedom of the Press

      • India’s Increasingly Despotic Crackdown on Journalists

        Pesky journalists such as Varadarajan, and a new crop of similarly doughty media platforms that provide space for views that don’t echo the established narrative, are a thorn in the side of despotic power. By contributing to a diversity of views, these journalists threaten the echo chamber that despotic power builds to fortify itself. The price they pay is intimidation, and worse. Knocks on the door by personnel from the UP Police—with its formidable track record of 124 deaths in nearly 6,500 “encounters” in three-and-a-half years under Adityanath (at the time)—can be daunting.

      • China, US agree to ease restrictions on journalists

        Under this, both governments will increase the validity of journalist visas from three months to one year, provided they are eligible under all applicable laws and regulations.

        Both countries have also pledged to allow journalists to freely depart and return, which they had previously been unable to do.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • Not Just a Kid From the Projects

        Growing up, I didn’t know that I came from a lower class. Once, I even had a birthday party at a Build-a-Bear workshop! My dad worked for a theater and we were able to watch movies and got popcorn for free, while my mom stayed at home and helped translate for Spanish-speaking parents of kids who went to my school. I come from a big family; I have four siblings, two nieces, two nephews, and more cousins than I can count. My house is always full of smiles and laughter that help make the small space feel big. My home was a haven for me, but school was a different story. This story was produced for Student Nation, a program of the Nation Fund for Independent Journalism, which is dedicated to highlighting the best of student journalism. For more Student Nation, check out our archive or learn more about the program here. StudentNation is made possible through generous funding from The Puffin Foundation. If you’re a student and you have an article idea, please send pitches and questions to [email protected].

      • Concern Grows for Mexican Land Defender Irma Galindo Barrios, Missing Nearly 3 Weeks

        Human rights defenders in Mexico’s Oaxaca state and beyond are demanding the safe return of an Indigenous forest defender who disappeared nearly three weeks ago after years of activism against illegal logging and corrupt local officials who enable and profit from it.

        “Irma has revealed the depredation of the forest, as well as the corruption and collusion between loggers and authorities who illegally act against those who defend the territory.”

      • Minneapolis May Have Rejected That Referendum on the Police

        The voters’ decisive rejection earlier this month of the public safety amendment that would have replaced the troubled police department here has left the city’s progressives battered and bruised. But politicians and activists on both sides of the issue agree that some crucial aspects in the referendum will remain unavoidable in any plan to reform policing.

      • Native American Heritage Month
      • Supreme Court Takes A Pass On A Chance To Firmly Establish A Right To Record Police Officers

        After taking some positive steps towards trimming the growth of qualified immunity it had itself encouraged for years, the Supreme Court decided to reverse course. Two more cases on the court’s “shadow docket” were sent back to the appellate levels with instructions to reverse the stripping of qualified immunity from government employees accused of rights violations.

      • “Critical Race Theory” Is White History

        For more than a year now, conservatives have been waging war against the misdefined conception of critical race theory that they themselves created. The right-wing campaign against so-called CRT largely amounts to a round-robin chorus of hysterical voices asking, Won’t someone think of the poor white children?! “CRT tries to make kids feel bad because of the color of their skin,” Representative Ron Nate, cosponsor of Idaho’s anti-CRT law, stated just after the bill passed in May. Florida Governor Ron DeSantis, who successfully led the state school board to ban CRT from public school classrooms last summer, tweeted in June that “Critical Race Theory teaches kids to hate our country and to hate each other.” Texas Governor Greg Abbott signed a bill muzzling history educators over lessons that might make students “feel discomfort, guilt, anguish, or any other form of psychological distress on account of the individual’s race or sex.” In pursuit of that goal, Republican senators in Texas recently drafted and approved yet another anti-CRT bill—after ditching language inserted by outnumbered and outvoted Democrats that would have required teaching “the history of white supremacy,” including slavery and the Ku Klux Klan, “and the ways in which it is morally wrong.” “We don’t want to teach those little white children that they should feel guilty because of what previous white people did generations ago,” Senator Bryan Hughes explained to a local news outlet about why he filed the bill.

      • Stay Outraged, Patriots!
      • Nicaragua Has a Public Relations Problem, Not a Democracy Problem

        US President Joe Biden hectored Nicaragua about their November 7 elections accusing them of “a pantomime election that was neither free nor fair, and most certainly not democratic.” Three days earlier, the US lavished a $650mil arms deal on Saudi Arabia, a monarchy where they don’t even pretend to have elections for higher office. Clearly more than democracy is at issue with the US offensive against Nicaragua.

        At issue is what Biden described as “the arbitrary imprisonment of nearly 40 opposition figures since May, including seven potential presidential candidates.” An objective investigation reveals: (1) the motivation for the arrests had nothing to do with the election and (2) the effects of the arrests had no impact on the election.

      • Dave Chapelle Should Read Adolph Reed Jr.

        He then preceded to go on a rant about being canceled, which just means one blogger doesn’t like you and you get that parlayed into millions of dollars based on the unhinged rage of rich white people. This was in theory the very same crowd Chapelle was critiquing but as always the thesis of liberalism being bourgeois just missed the mark.

        Dave Chapelle may have been right to recognize that his original fan base was a bunch of racist white liberals but he has only been a reactionary thus far, moving from white liberalism to white conservativism, which pays even better. That being said Chapelle as always is doing something a little more than the typical reactionaries. That doesn’t mean his transphobia is any less dangerous.

      • “We Will Be Kicked Out and No One Will Care”
      • DEA Racks Up Two Forfeiture Losses In One Week, Returns $100,000 In Stolen Cash To Victims

        In the past week, the federal government has twice(!) been forced to return money it stole from travelers just because it could. In both cases, American citizens were trying to board domestic flights at US airports. And in both cases, despite it not being illegal to carry large amounts of cash on domestic flights, the government decided the cash had to have been illegally obtained, and moved forward with forfeiture proceedings.

      • Italy: 14-year-old Bangladeshi girl beaten by her family for refusing to wear the burqa

        It happened on Saturday afternoon when the Bangladeshi girl, after refusing to wear the traditional Islamic female dress that covers the whole body, including the head, except for a slit for the eyes, was beaten by her older brother. But when she arrives at the Carabinieri of Ostia, she reports further assaults on her, always because she did not want to conform to Islamic culture. It is alleged that these assaults were not only related to her brother, but also to her mother.

        The Rome Juvenile Prosecutor’s Office opened an investigation for assault and ill-treatment. The girl was first taken to Grassi hospital, where she was diagnosed with a head injury, and then taken to a facility with protection.

      • Muslim farmer recruits gang and kills two Christian farmers over irrigation water

        Mukhtar Masih (70 yrs) and his sons leased six acres of land belonging to a Christian family now living abroad from March 2021. The Christian family had a desire to work together to earn a decent living through farming. Unbeknown to them the land had previously been leased to Muhammad Qadir who was angry not over the loss of the lease but that he now had to farm alongside ritually impure Christians.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

    • Digital Restrictions (DRM)

      • Netflix’s Expanded Viewing Data Move Is Mainly a Flex

        More broadly, Netflix is flexing here: It’s underscoring the fact that it operates the biggest subscription-video service on the planet (with 213.6 million paid subs as of Q3). The streamer is giving notice to the industry, customers and Wall Street that it has an engine capable of producing a surprise hit like “Squid Game,” which (Netflix says) was viewed an astronomical 1.6 billion hours over its first 28 days of release. It will be interesting to see if Netflix rivals like Amazon, Disney and HBO Max follow suit by releasing their own metrics.

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • Tax Money Lost to Abuses by the Rich Could Pay to Vaccinate the World 3 Times Over

          Ending abuses of the global tax system by the super-rich and multinational corporations would allow countries to recoup nearly half a trillion dollars in revenue each year—enough to vaccinate the world’s population against Covid-19 three times over.

          That estimate is courtesy of The State of Tax Justice 2021, a new report that argues rich countries—not the “palm-fringed islands” on the European Union’s tax haven blacklist—are the primary enablers of offshoring by large companies and tax evasion by wealthy individuals.

        • Opinion | Climate Emergency, Vaccine Monopolies, and Fiscal Blindness: The Fight Against Inequality Is the Only Way Out

          2021 will perhaps be remembered as the year when the great powers demonstrated their inability to assume their responsibilities to prevent the world from sinking into the abyss. I am thinking of course of the 26th United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP26) in Glasgow. After having used up the available atmospheric space to develop, the industrialized countries reaffirmed their refusal to honour this climate debt, even though global warming has become an existential issue.

        • We Could Vaccinate the World 3 Times Over If the Rich Paid the Taxes They Owe
        • ‘Far From Enough’: Pfizer’s Covid Drug License Excludes Almost Half of the Global Population

          While many observers called Pfizer’s new licensing agreement allowing generic drug manufacturers to produce its promising Covid-19 treatment a welcome step, public health experts also condemned the deal for shutting out nearly half of the world’s population—and asked why the pharmaceutical giant remains unwilling to share vaccine know-how and technology.

          “Billions of people will still be left without as the deal excludes many developing countries.”

        • Pfizer Will Allow Its Covid Pill to Be Made and Sold Cheaply in Poor Countries

          Under the agreement, Pfizer will grant a royalty-free license for the pill to the Medicines Patent Pool, a nonprofit backed by the United Nations, in a deal that will allow manufacturers to take out a sublicense. They will receive Pfizer’s formula for the drug, and be able to sell it for use in 95 developing countries, mostly in Africa and Asia, once regulators authorize the drug in those places. The organization reached a similar deal with Merck for its Covid antiviral pill, molnupiravir, to be made and sold inexpensively in 105 poorer countries.

        • Spotlight: patent enforcement and invalidity procedures in Netherlands
        • Spotlight: patent enforcement and invalidity procedures in Switzerland [Ed: These patents should never get granted in the first place]

          Switzerland is a signatory to the European Patent Convention, so Swiss national patents and European patents granted by the European Patent Office coexist in Switzerland. The granting authority for Swiss national patents is the Federal Institute of Intellectual Property (IPI) in Berne, which also maintains the register for Swiss national patents and the Swiss parts of European patents.6

          Unlike European patents, Swiss national patents are granted without the IPI examining whether the invention is new and inventive in light of the prior art.7 Despite this difference, a Swiss national patent confers the same rights on its proprietor as the Swiss part of a European patent.

          Under Swiss law, supplementary protection certificates (SPCs) for medicinal products and plant protection products may be granted on the basis of Swiss national and Swiss parts of European patents. The Swiss regime8 for SPCs closely follows the corresponding legislation of the European Union; however, because Switzerland is not a member of the European Union, judgments of the European Court of Justice on the interpretation and application of the EU legislation on SPCs are not binding in Switzerland. A Swiss SPC’s maximum term of protection is five years.

          Swiss lawmakers also partially followed the European Union’s endeavours to improve the health of children by incentivising pharmaceutical companies to perform paediatric tests for their drugs by extending already granted SPCs by an additional six months (paediatric extensions).9 The Swiss legislator, however, went one step further and decided to grant the benefit of an additional six-month exclusivity period not only to those who have already been granted an SPC but also to those who, for whatever reason, have not previously obtained an ordinary SPC (paediatric certificate).10 The detailed regulations for the paediatric extensions and the paediatric certificate can be found in the Federal Ordinance on Patents.11

        • German Federal Patent Court points to solution for Dabus inventions [Ed: Those are not inventions, it's just some troll from England rick-rolling patent offices and courts for a PR blitz/stunt in the media]

          Courts around the globe have dealt with the inventions of Stephen Thaler’s artificial intelligence (AI) system Dabus. The German Federal Patent Court has now come to a pragmatic decision over DE1020191281202. According to the court, the listed inventor must be a natural person, even if the AI has identified both the problem and the solution. At the same time, however, the AI system itself can be additionally named.

      • Copyrights

        • GTA Modders to Court: Our Game Fixes & Enhancements Are Fair Use, Not Piracy

          In response to a lawsuit filed by Take-Two Interactive, four men behind the popular re3 and reVC Grand Theft Auto fan projects claim their work is protected under fair use. Among other things they fixed bugs, something the plaintiff stopped doing years ago. They also improved the games which, if anything, enhanced the market for the original games, which are required for the mods to run.

        • CANAL+ Sends Preemptive Takedown Notice to Pirate Sites Ahead of TV-Show Premiere

          Copyright holders commonly ask pirate sites to remove infringing content. That typically happens after it appears online but the Polish branch of media giant CANAL+ is trying to get ahead of the curve. The company is asking sites to prevent the illegal distribution of an upcoming TV show, or face legal consequences.

        • Rockstar’s GTA Retro Games Was Completely Broken And Support Was Ghosting Everyone

          You may recall that a couple of months ago we discussed Rockstar and Take2, the game studio and publisher behind the Grand Theft Auto series, taking down a fan-made GTA4 mod that aimed to put all of the cities from previous games in one massive map. While this was a labor of love by dedicated fans of the GTA series, it escaped nobody’s attention that this action was taken on a mod started in 2014 just as Rockstar was about to release GTA Trilogy, consisting of remastered versions of GTA3, Vice City, and San Andreas. The very cities the mod looked to input into GTA4. In other words, the fan project was only shut down when the game companies decided to try to make money off this retro love themselves.

        • CC Community Spotlight Series: Meet the co-founders of Fine Acts, Pavel and Yana

          In the weeks leading up to #GivingTuesday on November 30th, we’re spotlighting leaders in the Open Movement and encouraging you to support our Better Sharing, Brighter Future campaign. 

        • Chief Keef Changed the Music Industry: It’s Time He Gets the Credit He Deserves

          The track displayed a rawness unlike anything else that was released at the time, and you couldn’t stroll down the streets of Chicago’s South Side without hearing Bang’s lyrics pulsing from the stereos of cars rolling by:

          Yet he was almost completely unknown outside of Chicago. His Facebook profile had less than 2,000 followers, he claimed his occupation was “smokin’ dope” and he still lived with his grandmother.


Links 16/11/2021: New Fedora 35 (F35) Builds and Red Hat Satellite 6.10

Posted in News Roundup at 6:57 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • 10 risks when dual-booting operating systems

        Today, it is common to have several operating systems installed natively on a computer. If, for instance, you need to use both Linux and Windows interchangeably, the best thing you can do is Dual-boot your machine obliging you to select which operating system to boot every time you turn on your PC.

        Dual-booting your machine, for instance, Windows and Linux, can positively boost productivity and negatively introduce risks and issues that affect performance. Have you considered installing a second or third operating system and want to be aware of the risks? Then you are at the correct place, mate. Having Windows and Linux on your PC gives you the best of both worlds.

        Nevertheless, it is not always smooth cruising. Dual-booting sometimes causes issues, some of which are challenging to foresee; as the saying goes, every Pro has its con.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • Linux 5.17 To Boast A Big TCP Performance Optimization – Phoronix

        While the Linux 5.16 merge window just ended and that kernel won’t be out until the tail end of the calendar year, already for Linux 5.17 new material is beginning to accumulate in the respective subsystem development trees… One set of changes merged this morning from Google can provide a sizable performance win around TCP performance in the datacenter.

        Merged this morning by David Miller is these TCP optimizations from Eric Dumazet, a Google engineer.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • Install phpLDAPAdmin on Debian 10/Debian 11 – kifarunix.com

        In this guide, you will learn how to install and setup phpLDAPadmin on Debian 10/Debian 11. phpLDAPadmin (also known as PLA) is a web-based application written in PHP for administering LDAP servers. PLA is designed to manage records in an LDAP server, including creating, modifying, deleting records.

      • How to Install and Configure AppImage on Ubuntu 20.04

        To install software’s on Ubuntu or any other Linux distributions, you might notice that you would have to download .dep or .rmp files and then double click or run them through the terminal.

        While it is convenient and easy to install software for their respective distributions users, it is not convenient for the developer.

        The developer has to create multiple files and packages for that specific software needed for that distribution. That’s where AppImage comes into play.

      • How to change the Debian version for Crostini on a Chromebook

        Today we are looking at how to change the Debian version for Crostini on a Chromebook. Crostini is the Linux Development platform on a Chromebook. The Current options are Debian 9 (stretch), 10 (buster), and 11 (bullseye). Please follow the video/audio guide as a tutorial where we explain the process step by step and use the commands below.

      • How To Install WPS Office on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install WPS Office on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, WPS Office is a high-performing, yet considerably more affordable solution that is recognized as a preferred alternative to Microsoft Office and is fully compatible and comparable to Microsoft PowerPoint, Excel, and Word. Although the WPSoffcie is a premium office suite, however, it is available free of cost for personal usage, thus being a cross-platform product, one can use it free of cost on Microsoft Windows, Linux, macOS, and Android.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the WPS Office on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

      • Getting Started with Docker: Dry – interactive CLI for Docker containers

        There are some great tools that make Docker easier to use. We covered the web-based Portainer CE in the previous article in this series.

        But what if you want an easy way to manage Docker from the terminal? Dry is a terminal application to manage Docker and Docker Swarm.

        Dry shows information about containers, images and networks, and, if running a Swarm cluster, it shows information about nodes, service, stacks and the rest of Swarm constructs. It can be used with both local or remote Docker daemons.

        Besides showing information, Dry can be used to manage Docker. Most of the commands that the official Docker CLI provides are available in Dry with the same behaviour.

      • Output your microphone to a remote computers speaker – blackMORE Ops

        The following command will Output your microphone to a remote computers speaker.

      • Easily Create Virtual Machines in Linux With QEMU-based Quickgui

        At present, it is fairly easy to create virtual machines thanks to programs like VirtualBox, VMware, and a few others.

        You can still install VirtualBox in your Linux system to proceed. But, in this article, I put my focus on an exciting tool that’s simple to use, works fast, and quickly helps you to spin up a virtual machine, i.e., Quickgui.

      • How to dual-boot Ubuntu and Windows 11
      • How to install Erlang on Ubuntu 20.04

        Erlang is a functional, general-purpose, concurrent programming language and garbage-collected runtime environment built for concurrency, fault tolerance, and distributed application architectures. It is supported and maintained by Ericsson OTP product unit.

      • How to Install PHP 8.1 on Debian 11 Bullseye – LinuxCapable

        PHP 8.1 is a significant update of the PHP language that will be “officially” released on November 25, 2021. This is a giant leap forward from the existing PHP 8.0 release with the new PHP 8.1 is bringing enums, fibers, never return type, final class constants, intersection types, read-only properties amongst the long list of new features and changes.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to import the Ondřej Surý Repository and install PHP 8.1 on your Debian 11 Bullseye system.

      • Red Hat (RHEL) 9 Netinstall Guide / GNOME 40 Tour [Full Install Guide] – If Not True Then False

        This is full guide, howto install RHEL 9 (Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 Plow) using boot iso image. I use here RHEL 9 Beta iso image, but this will work later pretty much same way, when final Red Hat 9 arrives. I install Red Hat 9 Workstation, but also RHEL 9 Server installation is possible using exactly same method. I also use network installation (netinstall), but you can also download and use full Red Hat 9 DVD iso image.

      • Toggle Panel Visibility & Custom GNOME Shell All-In-One via Extension | UbuntuHandbook

        How to hide top-bar, remove left dock and ‘Activities’, as well as toggle visibility of a few other Gnome Panel items are often asked questions. I used to use a few extensions to do the jobs until met ‘Just Perfection’.

        Just Perfection includes a list of options to toggle visibility of GNOME UI Elements, customize panel size, padding, and change the behavior.

    • Games

      • Blast through a comic book online in the latest Fury Unleashed update | GamingOnLinux

        Fury Unleashed, a modern action-platformer that has an awesome style to it recently had a huge upgrade finally bringing with it online co-op support. Taking inspiration from other rogue-lite platformers including Dead Cells and Rogue Legacy with a little explosive flair from Contra and Metal Slug it certainly delivers.

        One of the key points of interest in Fury Unleashed is how you’re playing through a living comic book, with ink being your main valuable resource. Each room you blast through is a different panel from this comic.

      • Tactical cyberpunk turn-based RPG Mechajammer launches December 2 | GamingOnLinux

        Mechajammer from developer Whalenought Studios and publisher Modern Wolf, is an upcoming cyberpunk horror CRPG set on a grim future colony world and it’s set to release on December 2.

        Giving you plenty of freedom in how you approach the game with the open-world design, they said it was “designed with the player agency as the key focus”. How you do things is down to you. Set in a far-future Earth that has been ravaged by overcrowding, pollution, and war – Mechajammer looks like it ticks a lot of boxes for me and that’s some pretty tasty looking pixel-art included too.

      • Plan ahead and heist away in Spirited Thief, with an open Alpha on Steam | GamingOnLinux

        Need something fresh this week? How about scouting out and planning for a heist? That’s what you’ll be doing in Spirited Thief and you can get in on the action early.

        Planned to release on Steam in 2022, the developer has turned on their Steam Playtest, so anyone can request access to play through the current open Alpha version. The developer mentioned they’ve been developing some of it on Manjaro Linux too which is interesting to see.

      • Open Hexagon, a spiritual successor to Super Hexagon is out now | GamingOnLinux

        Inspired firmly by Super Hexagon with approval from Terry Cavanagh, the fast-paced and adrenaline-inducing paced arcade experience Open Hexagon is now available after leaving Early Access.

        With simple gameplay it’s easy to get into but it gets hard – really damn hard! You get four actions with spinning, swapping by 180° degrees, and focus (slow down). It requires a lot of concentration and good timing with your fingers. Your goal is always the same: last as long as possible.

      • Base-building bronze-age RTS TFC: The Fertile Crescent has a new demo on Steam | GamingOnLinux

        TFC: The Fertile Crescent continued to be upgraded for the upcoming Steam release and now there’s a new demo available with online multiplayer.

        “Inspired by the real history of the Near East Bronze Age era, TFC utilizes classic RTS elements while offering a unique perspective for the genre. Taking technological limitations and advancements into account, players will need to carefully consider how to spend their precious Knowledge Points, as they explore the Village Improvements that are designed to enable players to quickly counter an opponent’s strategy.”

    • Distributions

      • Experiment desktop UI without ROX

        EasyOS, Quirky, and all the pups before, use Joe’s Window Manager (JWM) for the system tray and menu, and ROX-Filer to manage the desktop icons and wallpaper. There have been some pups developed by the Puppy-community that use other desktop UIs, such as XFCE, but none, that I know of, were official pup releases.

        On and off over the years, I have wondered about cleaning up the desktop. One issue, is you select a nice wallpaper, then it gets partly obscured by icons. Those icons might not match the wallpaper nor the overall theme, and they may be not obvious on a very “busy” wallpaper. I mean, getting the icons to look nice on top of the wallpaper is a challenge.

      • Screenshots/Screencasts

      • SUSE/OpenSUSE

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Red Hat Satellite 6.10 is now available

          We are pleased to announce the availability of Red Hat Satellite 6.10. This release includes many new and updated features, including improved support for Secure Environments and new features to simplify operation and administration.

          Red Hat Satellite streamlines the deployment and maintenance life cycle of Red Hat environments to enable organizations to focus on their lines-of-business applications and reduce operations overhead. In 6.10, Satellite improves the user experience by focusing on simplicity and enhancing support for secure environments.

        • Alma and Rocky Linux release 8.5 builds, Rocky catches up with secure boot

          AlmaLinux and Rocky Linux, both of which provide community builds of Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), have released builds matching RHEL 8.5, with Rocky’s work catching up with Alma by being signed for secure boot.

          Would-be CentOS replacements AlmaLinux and Rocky Linux track RHEL closely, and differ from CentOS Stream in that they aim to be binary compatible with RHEL, whereas CentOS Stream is upstream of Red Hat’s commercial distribution.

        • CentOS Linux 8 Updated Against RHEL 8.5 Before Going EOL – Phoronix

          Following last week’s release of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.5, CentOS Linux 8 version 2111 has been released as its RHEL 8.5 rebuild. This comes ahead of CentOS 8 becoming end-of-life at year’s end.

        • Top 10 reasons to use automation

          Are you unsure whether Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform is right for you? Or are you having problems convincing other people in your organization to give automation a try?

          Have no fear! We’re here to help with our top 10 reasons to use Ansible Automation Platform in your organization. And, in the grand tradition of late night talk shows of yore, we’ll count these down from ten.

        • Fedora Linux 37 intends to end support for 32-bit ARM architecture

          For implementation in Fedora Linux 37 scheduled transfer into the discharge legacy architecture ARMv7, also known as ARM32 or armhfp. All development efforts for ARM systems plan to focus on the ARM64 (Aarch64) architecture. The change has not yet been reviewed by the Fedora Engineering Steering Committee, which is responsible for the technical development of the Fedora distribution. If approved, the last 32-bit ARM release will be Fedora 36 with updates until June 2023.

        • Ben Williams: F35-2021115 Updated Lives Released

          The Fedora Respins SIG is pleased to announce the latest release of Updated F35-2021115-Live ISOs, carrying the 5.14-14-200 kernel. This is the First Set of Fedora 35 updated isos.

          This set of updated isos will save considerable amounts of updates after install. ((for new installs.)(New installs of Workstation have about 918MB of updates savings )).

    • Devices/Embedded

      • Jetson edge AI system features eight PoE ports

        GigaIPC’s rugged “QBix-Jetson” system offers a choice of Jetson Nano or Xavier NX modules plus DP, HDMI, SATA, 2x GbE, 8x GbE with PoE, 4x USB, 4x COM, 2x M.2, and mini-PCIe.

        GigaIPC, the embedded computing unit of Gigabyte, has announced its first Arm-based QBix system, following earlier models such as its Apollo Lake based QBix-WP. The new QBix-Jetson-Nano and QBix-Jetson-Xavier-NX are identical except for the choice of an Nvidia Jetson Nano or Jetson Xavier NX module.

        Designed for edge AI computing, machine vision, and deep learning applications in smart city and factory environments, the QBiX-Jetson ships with Nvidia’s Ubuntu-based L4T distribution, which is based on an LTS Linux kernel. It also supports Nvidia’s JetPack SDK, which includes TensorRT, cuDNN, CUDA Toolkit, VisionWorks, GStreamer, and OpenCV.

      • Open Hardware/Modding

        • Jigglypuff Sensor Breathes CO2 So You Don’t Have To | Hackaday

          But even when compared with such an extensive body of previous work, this Jigglypuff IoT environmental monitor created by [Kutluhan Aktar] is pretty unusual. Sure, the highlights are familiar. Its MH-Z14A NDIR CO2 sensor and GP2Y1010AU0F optical dust detector are read by a WiFi-enabled microcontroller, this time the Arduino Nano RP2040 Connect, which ultimately reports its findings to the user via Telegram bot.

        • Binaural Hearing Modeled With An Arduino | Hackaday

          You don’t have two ears by accident. [Stoppi] has a great post about this, along with a video you can see below. (The text is in German, but that’s what translation is for.) The point to having two ears is that you receive audio information from slightly different angles and distances in each ear and your amazing brain can deduce a lot of spatial information from that data.

          For the Arduino demonstration, cheap microphone boards take the place of your ears. A servo motor points to the direction of sound. This would be a good gimmick for a Halloween prop or a noise-sensitive security camera.

        • Opa is an open source boat bot that navigates the open water | Arduino Blog

          Starting with an idea in 2019, Redditor wesgood has been steadily working on the Opa — an autonomous 3D-printed boat that can navigate open water while relaying its telemetry back in real-time to a client device over WiFi. After creating a small prototype, Wes built a second one that featured a pair of pontoons held together with a couple of struts and a central platform. This design contains a single water jet that is situated in the back of each pontoon that takes in water and shoots it out at a high velocity, similar to a jet ski. Best of all, they can be independently throttled which eliminates the need for a rudder.

        • Pluto Spectrum Analyzer Uses Command Line

          If you don’t care about shortwave frequencies, the PlutoSDR is a great deal. The device is supposed to be an evaluation board for Analog Device’s radio chips, but it does great as a software-defined radio that can receive and transmit and it even runs Linux internally. [SignalsEverywhere] shows how to use it as a spectrum analyzer that works from the command line in the video you can see below.

          The software used is Retrogram. Despite the ASCII graphics, the program has many features. You can use simple keystrokes to change the center frequency, the sampling rate, the bandwidth, and more. You can run the software on a Linux host or compile a binary on the box or cross-compile using tools on the Raspberry Pi.

          The Pluto connects via USB but looks like a network adapter. That means you can talk to it like a remote computer and software can run on the host computer or directly on the hardware which has an ARM processor (or two, if you hack it).

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • CloudStack 4.16 adds cluster autoscaling, plays nice with Dell EMC PowerFlex and Rocky Linux

        The Apache Foundation’s infrastructure-as-a-service platform CloudStack was just released in version 4.16. The update is an LTS release, which means blocker defects, vulnerabilities and exposures found to impact the release will be merged and released for the next 18 months (so until about April 2023).

        Amongst the 22 new major features the release notes list — which also include support for OpenSuse and Rocky Linux — are a couple of UI enhancements which should make the project a bit more comfortable to use.

      • Web Browsers

        • Chromium

          • Partitioning Chrome’s Code for Faster Launch Times on Android

            Mobile devices are generally more resource constrained than laptops or desktops. Optimizing Chrome’s resource usage is critical to give mobile users a faster Chrome experience. As we’ve added features to Chrome on Android, the amount of Java code packaged in the app has continued to grow. In this The Fast and the Curious post we show how our team improved the speed and memory usage of Chrome on Android with Isolated Splits. With these improvements, Chrome on Android now uses 5-7% less memory, and starts and loads pages even faster than before.

      • FSF

        • GNU Projects

          • GCC 12 Moves On To Fixing Bugs – Now In “Stage 3″ Development – Phoronix

            As expected GCC 12 has now entered its “stage 3″ development phase where the free software developers involved will focus on bug fixing rather than landing shiny new features.

            SUSE’s Richard Biener announced on Monday that the GCC development branch is now focused on general bug-fixing. At the moment there are around 34 P1 regressions (bugs of the highest priority) followed by 306 at the P2 level, and around 237 P3 regressions. Those bugs need to be worked out or demoted before GCC 12.1 will ultimately be released next year.

        • Licensing/Legal

          • Wrapping up my internship, focused on helping build the GPLv3 drafting archive

            My name is Daniel Katz, and I interned at the FSF this past summer. My internship was easily a high point of the past year (and not just because it’s been a rough one). I got to make real contributions, learned more about the amazing free software community, and had a blast.

            I started things off by scavenging around the office for RAM to put in my laptop before delving into my first project: archiving the GPLv3 drafting website. As I poked around the servers, I found that the site had mostly been created with circa-2006 versions of Plone, MediaWiki, and a custom text-annotation/commenting system called Stet. To get the site’s static content, I finetuned a wget call; the tricky part came when I realized that simply throwing those files onto an Apache server and calling it a day wouldn’t be possible. Many files came from URLs with “?”s, which signify the start of a query string which have semantic meaning and are not treated as plain characters. I eventually came up with a solution involving renaming files and using Apache’s URL rewriting engine, which was a journey all its own.

            After that, I turned my mind to fixing the intractable commenting system of the site, which used dynamic, client-side HTTP requests to fetch comments. I came up with a solution that allowed the archive to be fully static by scraping the comments, turning them into JSON, and then writing new JavaScript and editing the comment page’s HTML to display the now-static comments. I even had to write a sorting algorithm to ensure the comments appeared in the correct order on the page (who says you never use CS fundamentals). So far, so good!

      • Programming/Development

        • Some notes on using esbuild

          I’ve been writing more frontend code in the last year or two – I’ve been making a bunch of little Vue projects. (for example nginx playground, sql playground, this dns lookup tool, and a couple of others)

        • Adam Young: Calling a Function in Assembly

          In my last post, I reversed a string. I want to build on that to make reusable code; I want to reverse multiple strings. I do this by turning the reverse code into a function and then call it.

          The first step is to reorder the code so that the logic to reverse the string is at the end, and is called using the BL (Branch with link) instruction. We also need to add a return at the end of our code so that we can continue processing. We make sure that the code to exit the program sits in between the calling point and the function.

        • Adam Young: Reversing a String in Assembly

          In my last post, I showed that I could modify a single character in a string. I want to build upon that to perform more complext string manipulations. Lets start with something simple.

          First, lets change a character other than the first. Since we want to reverse the string, changing the last character is a good next step. Insert this into the middle of the previous example.

        • Implement client-side search on your website with this JavaScript tool

          Search is a must-have for any website or application. A simple search widget can allow users to comb through your entire blog. Or allow customers to browse your inventory. Building a custom photo gallery? Add a search box. Website search functionality is available from a variety of third-party vendors. Or you can take the DIY approach and build the entire backend to answer search API calls.

          Lunr.js works on the client-side through JavaScript. Instead of sending calls to a backend, Lunr looks up search terms in an index built on the client-side itself. This avoids expensive back-and-forth network calls between the browser and your server. There are plenty of tutorials online to showcase Lunr’s website search functionality. But you can actually use Lunr.js to search any array of JavaScript objects.

          In this how-to, I build a search index for the top 100 books of all time. After that, I show you how to pre-build the index for faster indexing. I’ll also show you how to make the most of Lunr’s search options. And finally, I’ll show off findmymastodon.com—a real-world implementation of Lunr.

        • AMD Releases ROCm AOMP 14.0 Compiler – Switches To New “amd-stg-open” Branch – Phoronix

          AMD released AOMP 14.0 during SC21 week as the newest version of their LLVM/Clang-based compiler providing OpenMP GPU offload support for Radeon graphics processors.

          AOMP 14.0 was released this morning as the newest version of this patched-up version of LLVM/Clang that gets OpenMP GPU offload into good shape with Radeon GPUs and AMD Instinct accelerators.

        • Perl/Raku

          • Rakudo Weekly News: 2021.46 Cro Once Again

            The Cro Development team proudly announced version 0.8.7 of Cro, the set of Raku libraries for building reactive distributed systems, lovingly crafted to take advantage of all Raku has to offer. Sites such as raku.land and the IRC logs server beta run Cro in production. Check out all the fixes, improvements and new features such as async reverse proxying and improved warnings from rendering templates with undefined values.

        • Shell/Bash/Zsh/Ksh

          • What’s wrong with my footprintWKT?

            Long, long ago, the elder gods of GIS (Geographic Information System) judged that there were only three fundamental shapes you needed for digital mapping on a plane, and that they were all based on points:

        • Rust

          • Making Your Own Touchpad With PWM and Rust

            After writing some quick firmware in Rust, he was reporting the values read by the PWM channels. Using python, he could get a good idea of the raw values that were being written over USB and visualized. So rather than implement filtering in hardware or firmware, he elected to do the filtering and processing on the host computer side in Python. We suspect this gave him much shorter iteration cycles.

    • Standards/Consortia

      • Vulkan 1.2.199 Released With New Extension To Help VKD3D-Proton – Phoronix

        Vulkan 1.2.199 is out with another new extension driven as part of Valve’s work around Steam Play (Proton) and the Direct3D over Vulkan efforts.

        Vulkan 1.2.199 has fixes for a number of documentation issues raised both internally and via the community. For the most part it’s just another routine Vulkan spec update without any really exciting changes.

  • Leftovers

    • Science

      • Tech In Plain Sight: Eyeglasses | Hackaday

        People generally think of vision problems as being far-sighted or near-sighted. That is, fuzzy objects up close or far away, respectively. However, you can also have astigmatism which just causes general fuzziness and what we think of as far-sight can be caused by two distinct problems with your eye.

        Astigmatism is when the shape of the cornea is not perfect, so light coming in can wind up at more than one spot on the retina. If you have astigmatism, everything looks fuzzy and something like an LED will appear to be more than one LED from a distance.

        Hyperopia, a type of far-sightedness, and myopia or near-sightedness happen when the length of the eye is not correct or the lens system has an incorrect focal length. For hyperopia, the image focuses behind the retina and myopia has the focus ahead of the retina. The other cause of far-sightedness is presbyopia which is where the center of the eye’s lens hardens with age. The end effect is the same as hyperopia and it is why as we get older we can’t read fine print.

      • Microplastics Are Everywhere: Land, Sea And Air | Hackaday

        Plastics took off in the 20th century, with the new class of materials finding all manner of applications that metal, wood and paper simply couldn’t deliver on. Every field from electronics to the packaging of food found that plastics could play a role.

        Now, over 150 years since the development of Parkesine in 1867, we’re now realizing that plastics come with more than a few drawbacks. They don’t break down well in nature, and now microplastics are beginning to appear all over the Earth, even in places where humans rarely tread. It seems they may even spread via the air, so let’s take a look at this growing problem and what can be done about it.

    • Hardware

      • High-Resolution Audio: is it worth the hype?

        Can you hear the difference between a CD and an MP3 file? Most people cannot. But even if only one in ten can hear something, that means hundreds of millions of people. However, even if you can hear the difference, there is a good chance that the recording you love is not available in better than CD quality. Still, this problem is not as big as you first think. Let me show you why!

        The topic of high-resolution audio (or HiRes audio for short) comes up often in my discussions. In this blog, I try to summarize my experiences in a few simple points.

      • 3D Printed Marble Music Machine Looking Good Already | Hackaday

        To be clear, plans are to ‘go big’ and this little eight-channel testbed is just to explore this issues around ball guiding, transport and ball release onto the first audio test device, a Korg Nano Pad 2.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Pseudo-Open Source

          • Privatisation/Privateering

            • Linux Foundation

              • Going Beyond Source Code in 2021‭: ‬Joint Development Foundation and Open Standards Efforts

                In 2019, the Linux Foundation added the Joint Development Foundation (JDF) to its family of project communities to build upon its existing body of specification work. The addition of JDF to the Linux Foundation brought with it a unique but straightforward process that allows new projects to form quickly and collaborate under a standardized set of governance principles that ensure the resulting specification can be implemented with open source licenses.

                In 2021, the Linux Foundation has steadily increased interest and new project formation under Linux Foundation Standards (LFS) across various technical disciplines. We have also seen an acceleration of members and contributions in our established projects.

                “2021 can be characterized as a year of progress for LF Standards and JDF. We saw solid operational improvements in our traditional specification efforts, steady uptake on the Community Specification program, and some new wins with the acceptance of the SPDX specification by JTC1. The ability to quickly wrap a specification project with an open source project using well-established governance and standards-making processes seems to have fulfilled an unmet need in our industry,” said Seth Newberry, the General Manager of JDF.

                “We reached out to the Linux Foundation because we wanted to create the Coalition for Content Provenance and Authenticity (C2PA.org) under a simple but formal project structure. Given our project goals of creating technical specifications for countering misleading information online through digital provenance, it was critical to get up and running quickly and with minimal complexity” said Andy Parsons of Adobe Systems.

        • Security

          • Security updates for Tuesday

            Security updates have been issued by Debian (libxml-security-java), Fedora (botan2), openSUSE (drbd-utils, kernel, and samba), Red Hat (kernel and webkit2gtk3), SUSE (drbd-utils and samba), and Ubuntu (vim).

          • Google Releases Security Updates for Chrome | CISA

            Google has released Chrome version 96.0.4664.45 for Windows, Mac, and Linux. This version addresses vulnerabilities that an attacker could exploit to take control of an affected system.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • Lumen Researcher Interview Series: Turkish NGO EngelliWeb

        The relevant government agencies as well as the official government sources do not publish or reveal the number of blocked websites, news articles as well as social media content from Turkey. The authorities also do not publish the number of decisions issues and by whom they are issued as there are several administrative bodies which can issue blocking decisions in addition to the judiciary in Turkey. Furthermore, lack of judicial transparency means that the blocking and removal decisions are also not published and they are not publicly available. As we work in the field of Internet freedom in a specialized freedom of expression association, we decided to conduct detailed and extensive research in this field as we believe in transparency and we are trying to achieve transparency in this field.

    • Monopolies

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