12.30.21

Links 30/12/2021: GNOME ‘Quick Settings’ and Linux BIOS Updates Without Reboot

Posted in News Roundup at 8:14 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Lead or follow? this decade’s dilemma for GNU/Linux based ICT industry

      This event shall not go unobserved when debating about the future of GNU/Linux. It is plausible to think that the enterprise strategy of companies dealing with GNU/Linux technologies will evolve well beyond the business on certifications, and make bold steps into more aggressive exploitation of their huge “market”, something once was a community and has lost that status.

      Even the temporal context has a major role in this equation as this is all happening during the troubled beginning of a decade marked by pandemic: we are witnessing a boost in usage of ICT infrastructure due to COVID with growing investments from both public and private sectors into this market.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • New Linux Update to Allow BIOS Updates Without a Reboot | Tom’s Hardware

        PFRUT should work very similarly to how you’d normally update a BIOS through Windows or Linux, where the updating process is done through the operating system instead of doing it through the system BIOS directly. But with PFRUT, the operating system will be responsible for executing the entire update process. Whereas, with normal BIOS updates, Windows or Linux will only be responsible for uploading the BIOS and preparing it before restarting and handing off the new BIOS to the motherboard for updating.

      • Graphics Stack

        • Mesa 21.3.3 Released With Fixes For Old ATI R300~R500 GPUs, RADV Fixes Too – Phoronix

          For those sticking to stable Mesa point releases, Mesa 21.3.3 is out today to close out the year. Notable with Mesa 21.3.3 is the large number of fixes for older ATI Radeon R300 through R500 (X1000 series) GPU fixes with the R300 Gallium3D driver.

          Exciting vintage GPU enthusiasts earlier this month was word of a big performance optimization for R300 Gallium3D with that old open-source OpenGL driver for Radeon 9500 through X1000 series graphics cards. That work revolved around NIR-to-TGSI path for making use of the intermediate representation preferred by newer Mesa drivers. Those changes are in Mesa 22.0 for next quarter’s stable release and not the current 21.3 stable series.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How To Install Google Chrome on Fedora 35 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Google Chrome on Fedora 35. For those of you who didn’t know, Google Chrome is the most popular open-source web browser developed by Google. It runs on Linux, Windows, macOS, iOS, and Android. It is a fast and solid browser with a good security record. It has some unique features and is generally pretty light on system resources.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Google Chrome web browser on a Fedora 35.

      • How To Disable HTTP Methods in Apache – TecAdmin

        The HTTP methods are used to perform create, read, update, and delete (or CRUD) operations. The most common methods are POST, GET, PUT, PATCH, and DELETE. Its good practice to disable methods, which are unused and insecure like PUT, PATCH, and DELETE.

        This tutorial explains, how to disable HTTP methods for an apache web server.

      • How to enable the REMI repository on Rocky Linux 8

        Hello, friends. With the death of CentOS, many people feel they have to start over. So today, in this short and brief post, you will learn how to enable the REMI repository on Rocky Linux 8.

      • How to Install or Upgrade PHP 8.1 on Debian – Cloudbooklet

        PHP 8.1 is the latest PHP version released on 2021. In this guide you are going to learn how to install the latest PHP version which is currently 8.1 on your Debian system or server and configure it with Apache and Nginx. You will also learn how to upgrade your PHP version to latest.

        This tutorial guides you to configure PHP INI settings, FPM settings, Pools, etc which is more useful for your application to run smooth.

      • How to Create Sudo User in RHEL, CentOS, Rocky & AlmaLinux

        The Redhat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) ecosystem hosts several interesting Linux-based OS distributions. The OS pair AlmaLinux and Rocky Linux are exciting replacements for the discontinued CentOS distribution.

        RHEL 8, AlmaLinux, and Rocky Linux systems are increasingly being sorted after by many Linux users due to the performance footprints they offer.

      • How to Disable or Enable SSH Root Login and Limit SSH Access

        Everyone knows that Linux systems come with root user access and by default, root access is enabled for the outside world.

        For security reasons, it’s not a good idea to have ssh root access enabled for unauthorized users. Because any hacker can try to brute force your password and gain access to your system.

      • What are Set UID, Get UID, and Sticky Bits in Linux File Permissions?

        As a Linux novice user, you learn about the permissions and ownership associated with the file and directories. Linux/Unix-like operating systems allow you to set a combination of nine bits permissions to prevent other users from unnecessary files/directory access. Similar to these are special permissions for executable files known as set UID, set GID, and sticky bits.

        Understanding special permissions can be a bit overwhelming for aspiring Linux administrators. Here you’ll learn a little background on the regular file permissions and explains how they differ from special permissions. We also demonstrate SetID, GetID, and sticky bits functionality with examples for a comprehensive understanding.

      • What Is Linux?

        If you’re a netizen who likes to explore the depths of everything tech and non-tech, you may have heard about Linux. We saw a lot of tech trends in the year 2021, but Linux was the one topping the charts throughout the year. So, what exactly is Linux? Who uses it and why? Read ahead to clear out all the confusion.

        Most people think Linux is an operating system, but no, it’s not. It’s a kernel, and it’s used in more than 80% of smart devices today. You’re probably reading this on a device that the Linux Kernel powers. It also fuels servers and every supercomputer in the world today.

      • How to run Unetbootin on Debian 11 Bullseye – Linux Shout

        UNetbootin is an open-source program to install on Windows, Linux, and macOS. It is meant to create bootable USB drives using ISO images. Here we learn the commands to run UNetbootin on Debian 11 Bullseye.

        The “Universal Netboot Installer” – Unetbootin for short – extracts ISO files and changes some of OS installation packages and saves them directly on a USB stick. For example, if you want to run Ubuntu in the Live environment from the USB stick or want to install the OS from the USB stick on the hard drive. Especially for users of laptops or netbooks without an optical drive, UNetbootin offers the option of installing ISO images. In the drop-down menu of this software, under “Distribution”, you will find a whole list of tools and distributions available. In addition to Ubuntu, it supports a large number of distributions, e.g. Fedora, Gentoo, Damn Small Linux, etc.

      • How to install Krita on Elementary OS 6.0 – Invidious

        In this video, we are looking at how to install Krita on Elementary OS 6.0.

      • How to install Wine 6.0.2 on a Chromebook

        Today we are looking at how to install Wine 6.0.2 or newer on a Chromebook. Please follow the video/audio guide as a tutorial where we explain the process step by step and use the commands below.

      • How to run Windows software on Linux easier with Bottles

        Running Windows programs on Linux can be confusing and complicated. That’s where Bottles comes in. This program can make running Windows programs much more straightforward. Here’s how to use Bottles on your Linux PC.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • Makulu Now Supports GTK4.0 – MakuluLinux

          Shift Debian users may have noticed in Today’s patch that was sent out earlier there was a Big Themes Patch on your System, This Patch made quite a few changes to Themes on the Debian Shift Build. Shift Debian runs on Gnome 41.5 Framework which is slowly moving bit by bit over to GTK4. Users may have noticed a select few Windows that they open did not have the system Theming but instead looked like the default Adwaita theme, this was because until now Makulu lacked GTK4 theme support. Don’t worry, most of the world is still missing GTK4 support, we aren’t alone. Many developers are rushing to add GTK4 support and Today we Delivered on that front.

        • GNOME is Exploring a New ‘Quick Settings’ Feature – OMG! Ubuntu!

          I’d wager that most people find GNOME Shell easy to use out-of-the-box — after all, simplicity its part of GNOME’s calling card.

          But is there room for improvement?

          Always, and GNOME’s design team think so too. They’re exploring how to make accessing commonly used settings (like screen brightness, wireless network, and dark mode) in GNOME Shell even easier than it is now. They’ve produced a bunch of mockups and even an animation for the feature they call “quick settings”.

        • 10 Perfect Apps to Improve Your GNOME Experience [Part 2]

          Here are the next set of GNOME Apps that is perfect for your GNOME Desktop. It ranges from games, utilities and productivity.

    • Distributions

      • GoboLinux Is a Linux Distro Unlike Any Other

        There are many Linux distros out there, but GoboLinux is a different kind of beast. It is an alternative Linux distribution that redefines the entire filesystem hierarchy.

        GoboLinux is a Linux distribution which is built from scratch. It was created back in 2002 out of a desire to try new approaches in the Linux distribution design space. Unfortunately, nearly 20 years later, judging by the popularity of the distribution, we can conclude that the experiment was not successful.

        Let’s start with the installation process. When you boot up the downloaded ISO file, you will see CLI interface. Then you need to write the startx command and the graphical user interface with the Awesome WM (it’s a tiling window manager) will appear.

      • Slackware Family

        • I finally updated my avidemux package

          I have an avidemux package in my (restricted) repository.
          But… it had not been refreshed since Slackware 14.0 (8 years old now) and its binaries stopped working on Slackware long ago. Looking back at the packaging work I did today, I guess the thing that kept me from updating that Avidemux package was the numerous dependencies that also needed an update (they all were stuck at an old Slackware 14.0 release).

          In the midst of a full week of holidays and waiting for my rye/honey sourdough bread dough to ferment, I had plenty time to devote to the creation of a fresh package for Avidemux 2.8.0. This was recently released; yesterday actually!
          And not just avidemux needed some work on its SlackBuild script; I needed to update ageing scripts for aften, faac, faad2, libdca, libfdk-aac, opencore-amr, x264 and xvidcore, and added a x265 package before I could compile avidemux with full support for codecs and plugins.

          Based on the imminent (fingers crossed) release of Slackware 15.0 according to Patrick himself, I decided to create these packages only for Slackware-current (soon to become 15.0). I also cleaned out ancient versions of all these packages. They are now removed for Slackware 14.1 and older.
          Note that faac and libfdk-aac just like avidemux contain patent-encumbered software (the AAC encoder) and due to that circumstance the three packages are banished to my ‘restricted repository‘ which is hosted outside the US of A so that the patent trolls won’t bother Pat.

        • Repository purge coming up soon-ish

          After I built a fresh Avidemux (see previous post) I realized how many old packages I still have in my repositories. They are taking up space on many server mirrors.

          I have decided that I will start a cleansing process, a purge if you want, of all the older stuff. The reason is not just disk space of course. It’s my realization that there may be vulnerabilities in these old packages that I never addressed; and I really hope that people have migrated their machines to Slackware 14.2 (servers or conservative desktop users) or went with -current (modern desktop users, let’s call those).

          From time to time, you need to clean house. I myself am infamous for not throwing away anything… just take a look at my attic. So these packages will be gone from online servers, but live on in my own local package archive.

      • Devuan Family

        • Lead or follow? this decade’s dilemma for GNU/Linux based ICT industry

          What do we in common is that we are seizing the opportunity to develop an alternative or, even better, we are sharing an opportunity with everyone out there who dares to differ. The investments are coming and the market is growing: the space is there for those who dare to take it and the risks aren’t so high all things considered.

        • [Old] Algorithmic Sovereignty

          5 Devuan: the anatomy of a fork

          [...]

          This project is to further evolve my research question on the assumptions laid down so far. Let us ask now: what are the traits for a (huge conglomerate) of algorithms to acquire the dimension of a sovereignty controlled by its participants? How does a socialised truth looks like, beyond the impossible assumption of universal neutrality? Beyond its mere execution, what in the design of an operating system generates or erodes the trust people put into it?

          In this chapter I will describe at length the technical and socio-political conditions for the birth of a new GNU/Linux operating system. The widespread resistance to the introduction inside Debian of a new central framework for system management, called “systemd”, is an extremely interesting opportunity to explore such dynamics in details. I’ve engaged this project in first person and this chapter is mostly written in the form of participatory research, reporting various accounts contributed by people who involved themselves into the creation of a new system, a sort of independent exodus for half of the active Debian user population.

          The analysis of this episode is important to provide an advanced answer to my research question. As demonstrated, the design and adoption of software algorithms has a close relation to the design and adoption of systems of governance. In the experience of Bitcoin, it is evident how the fundamental trait of such a governance is the concept of neutrality, which has much to share with the definition of truth.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Content Management Systems (CMS)

        • 3 Best Free and Open Source Bash Static Site Generators

          LinuxLinks, like most modern websites, is dynamic in that content is stored in a database and converted into presentation-ready HTML when readers access the site.

          While we employ built-in server caching which creates static versions of the site, we don’t generate a full, static HTML website based on raw data and a set of templates. However, sometimes a full, static HTML website is desirable. Because HTML pages are all prebuilt, they load extremely quickly in web browsers.

          There are lots of other advantages of running a full, static HTML website.

      • Education

        • Three of the best: Security

          Network security is still a significant challenge facing APNIC Members, but tastes changed markedly in what they read on the blog between 2020 and 2021. Below are the top three posts related to security for 2021: [...]

      • FSF

        • GNU Projects

          • GCC 12 Adds Support For Using The Mold Linker

            A small but noteworthy change that landed today for the GCC 12 compiler itself is support for using the Mold linker.

            Released last week was Mold 1.0 as a high-speed linker that can deliver better performance than GNU’s old Gold linker and even LLVM’s LLD. Mold was designed by Rui Ueyama who originally working on LLVM’s linker.

          • December GNU Spotlight with Mike Gerwitz: Thirteen new releases

            13 new GNU releases in the last month (as of December 27, 2021):

            artanis-0.5.1
            global-6.6.8
            gnun-1.2
            gnupg-2.3.4
            gsl-2.7.1
            guile-sdl-0.5.3
            jami-20211223
            libmicrohttpd-0.9.75
            librejs-7.20.3
            nano-6.0
            parallel-20211222
            poke-1.4
            serveez-0.3.0

      • Programming/Development

        • Software Development in 2021: Top 10 Stories of the Year
        • Fortran-lang: 2021 in review

          With another year behind us, let’s review the progress that the Fortran-lang community has made. If you’re new to Fortran-lang, here’s a quick intro: We’re an open source community that aims to develop modern Fortran tooling and nurture a rich ecosystem of libraries, as well as to provide a friendly, helpful, and inclusive space for newcomers and experienced Fortran programmers to work together. We started in late 2019 and have been going ever since. If you’re first discovering (or re-discovering) Fortran through this article, welcome, and we hope it inspires you to try Fortran for one of your projects. In this article we summarize new developments from 2021, from flagship and new projects to community development and outreach.

        • Rust

  • Leftovers

    • Joan Didion’s California

      The night of the day Joan Didion died, I went scrounging around my bookshelves for a copy of Where I Was From. I’ve lived in California all my life, underneath the weight of its political contradictions and atop its ecological dramas, and of all Didion’s works, this one, which sets out to interrogate the foundational mythologies of California, her generational ties to the state, and what she views as its unfortunate decline, seemed most appropriate to put the author’s death and this place into perspective. Scanning my shelves, I saw only the spines of Slouching and The White Album, After Henry and Play It , Run River and Miami, so I panic-texted a friend, a fellow California girl, who lives nearby. “EMERGENCY REQUEST,” I wrote her, “do you have a copy of Where I Was From that I could borrow TONIGHT?” She replied within minutes. “Found it,” my friend wrote, “and do you want South and West also?”

    • Showbiz!

      In December 1999, the Los Angeles Times profiled director Paul Thomas Anderson ahead of his third feature, Magnolia, under the headline “The New New Wave.” The article placed Anderson among an ascendant peer group of youngish white male directors like David O. Russell, Spike Jonze, and Darren Aronofsky, most of whom had recently released films. Crucially, however, it also positioned Anderson as the leader of this pack, someone whose talent was so widely recognized that he had the ear of Francis Ford Coppola and dined with Warren Beatty. The profile characterized him as a classic ’70s New Hollywood auteur, à la Robert Altman or Martin Scorsese, someone with complete creative freedom and an exacting level of control over every aspect of the production and release of his films, down to editing the trailer himself.

    • Kick Back Until 2022

      But for normal people living normal lives, it’s a time to reflect not so much on what we lack or who to hate or blame for real or imagined transgressions, but to appreciate what we’ve had and have — our families and friends, having love in our lives, and the incredible beauty of Montana that greets us every day.

      While that might sound corny to those caught in the churning maelstrom of the 24-7 news cycle, the fact is you’d probably be a lot happier if you turned it off for a few days. In reality, Congress is out, the White House is in “holiday” mode, Montana’s governor remains primarily invisible and, who knows, maybe even our attorney general has decided to go back up to his hometown of Culbertson to take a break from worrying about the Texas border for awhile.

    • Science

      • James Webb Space Telescope: an Astronomer on the Team Explains How to Send a Giant Telescope to Space and Why

        I am an astronomer and the principal investigator for the Near Infrared Camera – or NIRCam for short – aboard the Webb telescope. I have participated in the development and testing for both my camera and the telescope as a whole.

        To see deep into the universe, the telescope has a very large mirror and must be kept extremely cold. But getting a fragile piece of equipment like this to space is no simple task. There have been many challenges my colleagues and I have had to overcome to design, test and soon launch and align the most powerful space telescope ever built.

      • A Conversation with E.O. Wilson (1929–2021)

        Edward O. Wilson: I think I may have been the only scientist in modern times to be physically attacked for an idea. The idea of a biological human nature was abhorrent to the demonstrators and was, in fact, too radical at the time for a lot of people—probably most social scientists and certainly many on the far-Left. They just accepted as dogma the blank-slate view of the human mind—that everything we do and think is due to contingency, rather than based upon instinct like bodily functions and the urge to keep reproducing. These people believe that everything we do is the result of historical accidents, the events of history, the development of personality through experience.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • Lawsuit Aims to Halt Trump-Approved GMO Labels Critics Denounce as Nothing But a ‘Scam’

        Amid an ongoing lawsuit challenging what critics call deceptive Trump-era U.S. Department of Agriculture regulations for labeling genetically engineered foods, a leading advocacy group on Wednesday announced the launch of a consumer action campaign ahead of the new rules taking effect on January 1.

        “These regulations are not about informing the public but rather designed to allow corporations to hide their use of genetically engineered ingredients from their customers.”

      • Opinion | Why We Must Vaccinate the World

        Never in the history of humankind has the blindingly obvious been ignored with such obviously high risk. Never have the cautious and persistent warnings of medical and biological scientists been so spectacularly and swiftly vindicated.

      • The Origins of Germany’s Anti-Vaxxers

        It was a rumination of cynical Nazi slogan Arbeit Macht Frei (work makes you free) placed on German concentration camps; in December 2021, anti-vaxxers held a Nazi-style torch rally at the house of a heath minister. Yet, German anti-vaxxers go back a long time.

        In many German-speaking countries of course, Germany but also Austria, most of Switzerland, and some areas of northern Italy, there has been a long established distrust in vaccinations. Partly, this is because of 19th century German romanticism. But it is also because political failures and right-wing ideologies mixed with reactionary back-to-nature esoteric belief systems.

      • When Dangerous Strains of Salmonella Hit, the Turkey Industry Responded Forcefully. The Chicken Industry? Not So Much.

        It wasn’t the hog nuts that made people sick. Nor was it the deer heart and noodles, elk meatloaf, turtle stew or any of the other fare served at the Swisher Men’s Club wild game feast in eastern Iowa in February 2019.

        Matthew Arjes, an avid hunter, had gone to the event with some friends. It was for a good cause — the group raffled off rifles and fishing coolers to raise money for the local fire department.

      • As Covid Deaths Hit 800K, Sanders Says Medicare for All Needed to End ‘Vulgarity’ of US Health System

        Sen. Bernie Sanders on Wednesday said that nearly two years after the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic, the public health crisis that shows no sign of coming to a swift end has brought into stark relief “the vulgarity” of the U.S.  healthcare system, suggesting the political establishment must end its defense of the for-profit healthcare industry as he re-upped his call for Medicare for All.

        The Vermont independent senator, whose decades-long push for single-payer healthcare was dismissed by President Joe Biden as not “realistic” weeks before Covid-19 was first detected in the U.S. in January 2020, wrote about the issue on social media shortly after the country recorded 800,000 known deaths from the disease.

      • Experts Warn Merck’s FDA-Authorized Covid Pill Could ‘Create Breeding Ground for Mutant Viruses’

        Merck’s anti-viral coronavirus pill has been heralded as a “gamechanger” in the fight against the deadly global pandemic, and the Food and Drug Administration decided last week to authorize the treatment on an emergency-use basis for certain segments of the U.S. population.

        “We are potentially headed towards a world-class disaster.”

      • BoJo’s Tories Toy With Omicron

        As for the ventriloquizing of the teaching of Jesus on loving thy neighbour— this, by numerous accounts (including his own family), is perhaps a bit rich coming from someone who has only loved himself.

        Coronavirus infections are surging in Britain as Omicron replaced Delta as the dominant variant.

      • Trump’s UK Golf Resorts Claimed Millions in COVID Aid While He Was President
      • Flight Attendant Union Criticizes CDC for Decision “Pushed by Corporate America”
      • Burning Sugar Cane Pollutes Communities of Color in Florida. Brazil Shows There’s Another Way.

        This year, reporters at The Palm Beach Post and ProPublica investigated the impact of sugar cane burning in Florida. The harvesting practice helps produce more than half of America’s cane sugar, but it sends smoke and ash into largely low-income communities of color in the state’s heartland.

      • He died after waiting 15 days for a hospital bed. His family blames unvaccinated covid-19 patients.

        Anthony Weeks, his son, said that the family believes their vaccinated and boosted father was the latest indirect victim of the pandemic — and that he would have survived his sepsis diagnosis if he was immediately admitted to a larger medical center that had an open bed.

        “The frustrating thing was not that we wanted him to get care that others weren’t getting, but that he didn’t get care when he needed it. And when he did get it, it was too late,” he said. “The question comes up of: ‘Who was in those beds?’ If it’s people who are unvaccinated with covid, then that’s the part where it really hurts.”

        Owenson added: “The thing that bothers me the most is people’s selfish decision not to get vaccinated and the failure to see how this affects a greater group of people. That’s the part that’s really difficult to swallow.”

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Apple aims to prevent defections to Meta with rare $180,000 bonuses for top talent

          Last week, the company informed some engineers in silicon design, hardware, and select software and operations groups of the out-of-cycle bonuses, which are being issued as restricted stock units, according to people with knowledge of the matter. The shares vest over four years, providing an incentive to stay at the iPhone maker.

          The bonuses, which came as a surprise to those who received them, have ranged from about $50,000 to as much as $180,000 in some cases. Many of the engineers received amounts of roughly $80,000, $100,000 or $120,000 in shares, said the people, who asked not to be identified because the program isn’t public. The perk was presented by managers as a reward for high performers.

        • Security

          • Noah Meyerhans | When You Could Hear Security Scans

            Have you ever wondered what a security probe of a computer sounded like? I’d guess probably not, because on the fact of it that doesn’t make a whole lot of sense. But there was a time when I could very clearly discern the sound of a computer being scanned. It sounded like a small mechanical heart beat: Click-click… click-click… click-click…

            Prior to 2010, I had a computer under my desk with what at the time were not unheard-of properties: Its storage was based on a stack of spinning metal platters (a now-antiquated device known as a “hard drive”), and it had a publicly routable IPv4 address with an unfiltered connection to the Internet. Naturally it ran Linux and an ssh server. As was common in those days, service logging was handled by a syslog daemon. The syslog daemon would sort log messages based on various criteria and record them somewhere. In most simple environments, “somewhere” was simply a file on local storage. When writing to a local file, syslog daemons can be optionally configured to use the fsync() system call to ensure that writes are flushed to disk. Practically speaking, what this meant is that a page of disk-backed memory would be written to the disk as soon as an event occurred that triggered a log message. Because of potential performance implications, fsync() was not typically enabled for most log files. However, due to the more sensitive nature of authentication logs, it was often enabled for /var/log/auth.log.

          • Wladimir Palant: How did LastPass master passwords get compromised? [Ed: LastPass (clown computing/outsourcing) is for fools and willfully negligent hipsters; this is an epic disaster waiting to happen. The media is mostly relaying what the company says about its own systems without bothering to investigate the actual facts]]

            The mail is legitimate and has been sent out by the LastPass service. The location however was typically very far away from the user’s actual location, e.g. in a country like Brazil or India. Yet this isn’t merely an attempt to guess the password, as LastPass will only send a mail like this one if the correct master password is provided in the login attempt.

            One affected user created a thread on Hacker News and at least a dozen others chimed in with similar experiences. This indicates that a large-scale attack is underway, with the total number of affected users being quite significant.

            As online password managers go, a user’s master password is the most critical piece of information. So the important question is: how do the attackers know the master passwords? There are some explanation being discussed: credential stuffing, phishing, malware, LastPass compromise. As I know a thing or two about LastPass, I’ll write down how likely these are and why.

            TL;DR: It appears that LastPass infrastructure has been compromised, all other explanations being rather unlikely. And, surprisingly, it isn’t given that the attackers actually know these master passwords.

          • LastPass admits attack but assures master passwords are safe – Macworld
          • LastPass Claims Your Passwords Are Safe Despite Those Security Warnings It Sent | HotHardware

            LastPass is telling its users that there is no evidence to suggest their passwords have been compromised, after previously sending out emails to some users stating their master passwords have been compromised. So what exactly is going on? According to LastPass, the email warnings were “likely triggered in error.”

          • LastPass Users’ Master Passwords May Have Been Leaked | Beebom

            LastPass is arguably one of the popular password managers, coming with various security features for users to protect their online credentials. However, it could have been exposed to a new security breach as many users have recently reported that their master passwords might have been compromised. Here are the details.

          • LastPass users warned their master passwords are compromised

            Many LastPass users report that their master passwords have been compromised after receiving email warnings that someone tried to use them to log into their accounts from unknown locations.

            The email notifications also mention that the login attempts have been blocked because they were made from unfamiliar locations worldwide.

            “Someone just used your master password to try to log in to your account from a device or location we didn’t recognize,” the login alerts warn.

          • LastPass: some users report compromised accounts – gHacks Tech News

            Some users of the LastPass password manager revealed this week that they have received emails from LastPass stating that logins to their accounts using the account’s master password were blocked. The first of these reports was published on Hacker News.

          • LastPass users are seeing compromised Master Passwords – 9to5Google

            Password managers are a great way to improve your online security, but it would be a nightmare scenario if your password manager’s account were hacked. This week, some LastPass users report that their Master Passwords appear to have been compromised, but LastPass says things are technically working as they’re supposed to.

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • Massachusetts Supreme Court Tackles Law Enforcement Use Of Cell Tower Dumps

              Years after they’ve become a go-to tool for law enforcement to work their way backwards to suspects, the Massachusetts Supreme Court is wrestling with the issue of cell tower dumps.

            • Interview With Adrian Furtuna – Pentest-Tools.com

              Adrian Furtuna: About seven years ago, I was working as a full-time penetration tester for one of the big four companies. Since I was doing a lot of manual work, I thought that much of this could be automated, so, as a pen tester, I could focus on more interesting work. In penetration testing, some parts of the work can be automated, but others can’t. I thought that I could have a much better use of my time focusing on the parts of the engagement that cannot be automated and leave the other parts to some tools to do the work for me. So this was the main reason why I started the Pentest-Tools, which right now has the main objective to make the life of a penetration tester much more simple and more effective.

            • Students Are Learning To Resist Surveillance: Year in Review 2021

              As schools have shuffled students from in-person education to at-home learning and testing, then back again, the lines between “school” and “home” have been blurred. This has made it increasingly difficult for students to protect their privacy and to freely express themselves, as online proctoring and other sinister forms of surveillance and disciplinary technology have spread. But students have fought back, and often won, and we’re glad to have been on their side. 

              Early in the year, medical students at Dartmouth’s Geisel School of Medicine were blindsided by an unfounded dragnet cheating investigation conducted by the administration. The allegations were based on a flawed review of an entire year’s worth of student log data from Canvas, the online learning platform that contains class lectures and other substantive information. After a technical examination, EFF determined that the logs easily could have been generated by the automated syncing of course material to devices logged into Canvas. 

              When EFF and FIRE reached out to Dartmouth and asked them to more carefully review the logs—which Canvas’ own documentation explicitly states should not be used for high-stakes analysis—we were rebuffed. With the medical careers of seventeen students hanging in the balance, the students began organizing. At first, the on-campus protest, the letter to school administrators, and the complaints of unfair treatment from the student government didn’t make much of an impact. In fact, the university administration dug in, instituting a new social media policy that seemed aimed at chilling anonymous speech that had appeared on Instagram, detailing concerns students had with how these cheating allegations were being handled. 

            • How we fought an anti encryption law in Belgium – and won!
            • Your DNA Test Could Send a Relative to Jail

              Investigative genetic genealogy moves backward before it moves forward. That is, starting with the target’s genetic matches, you trace the matches’ ancestors and then those ancestors’ descendants, finding any points where the matches’ lines intersect with one another, closing in, ultimately, on possible candidates.

            • Listen to Your Heart: Security and Privacy of Implantable Cardio Foo

              Additionally, we sent several General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR, ger: DSGVO) inquiries to manufacturers of implantable cardiologic devices and hospitals, revealing non-conforming processes and a lack of awareness about patients’ rights and companies’ obligations. This, and the fact that many vulnerabilities are still to be found after many vulnerability disclosures in recent years, present a worrying security state of the whole ecosystem.

            • Palantir Secures Additional $43 Million Contract from Space Systems Command

              Palantir Technologies Inc. (NYSE:PLTR) announced today the Space Systems Command’s (SSC) Cross-Mission Ground & Communications Enterprise (ECX) awarded it a $43 million contract to continue its delivery of a data and decision platform to support national security objectives. This $43 million contract is an additional extension, expanding upon previous awards from April and August this year. The total cumulative face value of the contract is $91.5 million.

            • US data giant Palantir is on a mission to seduce France’s start-ups

              The US company Palantir, which specialises in data analytics and is known as one of the most secretive and controversial companies in the world, is on a mission to seduce French start-ups.

              On Thursday, the company announced a partnership with Station F, the world’s biggest start-up incubator based in Paris.

            • China outlines vision for four mega data center clusters

              China has approved plans to build four mega clusters of data centres in the country’s north and west with the aim of supporting the data needs of Beijing and major coastal centres, according to the country’s top state planner on Wednesday.

              The clusters will be built in the northern Inner Mongolia region, northwestern Ningxia region, Gansu province and southwestern Guizhou province, the National Development and Reform Commission said in four separate statements.

              The four locations can use their energy and environmental advantages to set up green and low-carbon mega data centres, the state planner said.

            • Towards a more Trustworthy Tor Network

              In this talk we will describe why some level of trust in the Tor network is needed to achieve its privacy properties. After going through some examples of large scale malicious Tor relay groups, and current issues with tackling them, we describe a new additional approach to reduce the risks of malicious Tor relays on Tor users. We aim to empower Tor users for self-defense without completely depending on the detection and removal of malicious Tor relays from the network.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • ‘Nobody canceled blood feuds’ The relatives of Chechen dissidents are being kidnapped — both in Chechnya and in other parts of Russia

        In the final weeks of 2021, at least six Chechen oppositionists reported that their relatives had gone missing. All of these opposition figures live outside of Chechnya and have condemned regional head Ramzan Kadyrov and his cronies for human rights abuses. Several of them have faced threats in the past or even survived assassination attempts. Though their family members living in Chechnya have come under pressure before, they are now being abducted en masse — and not only in Chechnya, but also in other parts of Russia. Though some have been released, many remain missing at the time of this writing. For Meduza, journalist Vladimir Sevrinovsky spoke with three Chechen dissidents whose relatives were targeted in the latest wave of repression.

      • Roaming Charges: Police Crime Blotter, 2021

        + 981: the number of people in the US shot and killed by police in 2020.

        + A Boston police cop sexually assaulted an intoxicated woman after she passed out. He was suspended without pay for a year, but when he returned, he was promoted. This year, he bragged about hitting BLM protesters with his patrol car.

      • Opinion | Killing Nature Must Be Treated as a Crime on a Par with Genocide and War Crimes

        The first United Nations Scientific Conference on the Environment, also known as the First Earth Summit, was held in Stockholm, Sweden, from June 6-15, 1972. Ιt established a Declaration of Principles and adopted an action plan with recommendations for the preservation and enhancement of the environment. Furthermore, and perhaps more importantly, it led to the creation of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).

      • Words Matter: The Bucharest NATO Summit and Its Contentious Promise

        Following Presidents Biden and Putin talks this December, the Moscow Times reported that the Russian foreign ministry insisted that the United States should formally close the door to NATO membership for Ukraine and Georgia. “In the fundamental interests of European security, it is necessary to officially disavow the decision of the 2008 NATO Bucharest summit that ‘Ukraine and Georgia will become NATO members,’” the Russian foreign ministry was quoted.

        The Russian Ministry had already argued in 2018 that the “verbal promise to Soviet President Gorbachev not to expand NATO to the East, in exchange for the Soviet leader’s consent to the annexation of East Germany (GDR) by Western Germany, was fragrantly violated and is the source of much of the present conflict between Russia and the West.”

      • For Afghanistan, 2021 Brought an End to One Horror—and the Beginning of Another

        August 15, 2021, is a day Afghanistan will never forget.

      • Opinion | As Afghan Humanitarian Crisis Spikes, US News Coverage Plummets
      • Stopping the War Machine for One Day

        On a sunny late summer day in 2013, I ambled to downtown Washington to hike with a bunch of friendly folks in a jaunt starting on the National Mall and heading towards the World War Two Monument and points beyond. But the hike was vexed from the start because someone invited along a “licensed tourist guide.” That short, pudgy fellow proceeded to bludgeon us with every known detail about the history, architecture, and rest room renovations of the Smithsonian Castle. He followed that up with a “Wikipedia on Amphetamines” rendition on the National Museum of Natural History and then commenced rattling at high speed about the National Museum of American History.

        And that was when I was summoned by a cheap cigar. That dude’s twaddle was another reminder of the peril of any government licensing program and gave me more sympathy than ever before for Washington tourists.

      • Arundhati Roy on the Media, Vaccine Inequity, Authoritarianism in India
      • Arundhati Roy Talks Media, Authoritarianism in India and Challenging US Wars
      • Arundhati Roy on the Media, Vaccine Inequity, Authoritarianism in India & Challenging U.S. Wars

        We go to New Delhi, India, to speak with acclaimed Indian author and activist Arundhati Roy about the pandemic, U.S. militarism and the state of journalism. Roy first appeared on Democracy Now! after receiving widespread backlash for speaking out against the U.S. invasion of Afghanistan. At the time, her emphatic antiwar stance clashed with the rising tides of patriotism and calls for war after 9/11. “Now the same media is saying what we were saying 20 years ago,” says Roy. “But the trouble is, it’s too late.”

      • At Least 13 Republicans Who Participated in Jan. 6 Attack Are Running for Office
      • Federal Judge Rejects Proud Boys’ “Free Speech” Defense in January 6 Court Case
      • Beijing Move Seen as Bringing China Into Macao Security Affairs

        China’s recently announced decision to appoint an adviser for Macao’s national security matters is an act of China’s “publicized participation into the city’s national security affairs,” according to an expert.

        A Dec. 3 report published by the official Xinhua news service said the director of the liaison office in the city, a mainland official appointed by Beijing, would also become the adviser to the Committee for Safeguarding National Security of the Macao Special Administrative Region.

        Fu Ziying, the current liaison office director, will be “in charge of supervising, guiding, coordinating, and supporting the Macao SAR in safeguarding national security,” the notice said using the abbreviation for “special administrative region.”

        The committee will also have three new national security technical advisers, the report said.

    • Environment

      • Warmer in Alaska Than San Diego This Week as Temperature Record ‘Pulverized’

        As parts of Alaska obliterated high-temperature records earlier this week, meteorologists and climate scientists warned that extreme heat and rainfall are the new normal in the nation’s largest state and other Arctic and subarctic zones.

        “In and around the Arctic… temperatures have been rising around twice as fast as the rest of the planet.”

      • Ocean Heating This Century Could Create Hurricane Conditions Unseen in 3 Million Years: Study

        Global heating caused by human activity could warm oceans enough to fuel hurricanes and tropical storms that strike cities as far north as Boston, a new study published Wednesday projects.

        “This represents an important, under-estimated risk of climate change,” Joshua Studholme of Yale University, the study’s lead author, said in a statement. “This research predicts that the 21st century’s tropical cyclones will likely occur over a wider range of latitudes than has been the case on Earth for the last 3 million years.”

      • Opinion | Climate Chaos: What to Learn From 2021

        This year we saw some of the consequences of the climate crisis devastating rich countries in the Northern Hemisphere. This didn’t lead to any political changes, though. Institutions remain the grease for the engines of capitalism. The COP26 in Glasgow became the primary space to project the new forms of capital accumulation, using the climate crisis as an excuse for new land grabs. This was also the year of space penises, inaugurating the space race of idiots while a new global bubble of speculation grows in the form of cryptocurrency. Climate degradation will always be accompanied by growing alienation, as the Capitalocene moves into full throttle.

      • The Selling of Degrowth

        Despite these efforts, economic growth remains at the heart of virtually every government’s national policy. Even the various Green New Deals that have been put forward around the world are wedded to notions of economic expansion. At the heart of these more recent attempts to bring carbon emissions under control is the concept of “green growth,” which has become the current mantra. So, inevitably, advocates of degrowth have addressed this new version of “sustainable” economic expansion.

        “We have to continue to pound away with articles and social media to dispel that fuzzy and oxymoronic notion of ‘green growth,’ that there is no conflict between growing the economy and protecting the environment,” observes Brian Czech, the founder of the Center for the Advancement of the Steady State Economy (CASSE) in Washington, DC.

      • Opinion | Finding Porpoise in Ocean Protection Is No Joke

        Our oceans are in trouble and this holiday sea/sun is not a time to be shellfish about how we respond. Abalone you might say but I still believe giving beach receiving. It’s time to give back to the ocean. Too often when I talk to marine scientists and look into their faces I sea otter despair. But surrender is not an option we can float. Better we tuna into the problems we face and wrasse the alarm. I’d argue, herring no objections, that we find a new porpoise for the coming New Year, to protect and restore the blue in our red white and blue.

      • Opinion | New Documentary Explains Extreme Weather Emergency

        Emmy-nominated director Susan Gray’s timely documentary, Earth Emergency, is not only a wake-up call to policymakers and the public, but a sort of “Extreme Weather for Dummies” that explains the fatal factors wreaking havoc on our environment.

      • Wildlife/Nature

        • The Species That Defined Our Year
        • Ode to the Wolf

          Wolf killers and torturers Oh to be manly Brash loud proud Ignorant of their vacuity and shallow depths

          Terrify Inflict pain on Annihilate Those who are better than they Put their fear into the noble and majestic Never knowing their own cowardice, their pretending to be men Never knowing how pitiable they are

    • Finance

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • Chinese Govt. Arrests More Pro-Democracy Icons In Hong Kong, Including Music Stars

        While we have been discussing the way mainland China’s plan to slow-creep the end of democracy in Hong Kong has turned into more of a sprint, it’s also quite true that what is occurring there hasn’t gotten nearly enough media burn as it should. Plenty of folks have chalked up China’s aggressive attitudes towards Hong Kong to the 2019 pro-democracy protests, but the real sprint began once it became clear that Donald Trump stood a good chance of losing the White House to Joe Biden. Trump showed little willingness to push back on China when it came to its treatment of Hong Kong and the theory was that Biden would reverse course and show some backbone. That he generally hasn’t is one of geopolitics great ironies. Beijing has taken such steps as to try to erase the CCP’s own bloody history, to censor all kinds of Hong Kong pro-democracy culture, and to arrest of all kinds of pro-democracy lawmakers and media.

      • To 2035 and beyond Belarus unveils draft constitutional amendments, plans referendum for February 2022

        On Monday, December 27, the Belarusian authorities unveiled a new draft of the country’s constitution. According to head of state Alexander Lukashenko, the document may see changes following public debate and will be put to a referendum by late February 2022. This will mark the third referendum on amending Belarus’s constitution since Lukashenko came to power in 1994. Changes made to the constitution in 1996 and 2004 broadened the powers of the president — and the draft amendments have the potential to not only keep Lukashenko in power, but also permanently shield him from prosecution. Here’s what you need to know. 

      • Pending trial, St. Petersburg court releases video blogger charged with felony offense for performing song

        Yuri Khovansky, the video blogger charged with the felony offense of “justifying terrorism” because of a song he performed years ago, has been released from pretrial detention after roughly six months behind bars. State investigators in St. Petersburg made the request without any explanation, initially asking the court to wait until January 8 to free him. They later endorsed his immediate release.

      • As Harry Reid Dies at 82, Democrats Urged to Take His Advice and Abolish the Filibuster

        As condolences for the loved ones of Harry Reid poured in following his death Tuesday at the age of 82, progressives recalled the former Senate majority leader’s vocal condemnations of the upper chamber’s filibuster rule and urged Democrats to honor the late Nevada lawmaker by eliminating it for good.

        “In a chamber where too many Democrats can be afraid of their own shadow, Harry Reid was willing to deliver for the American people and didn’t care what it took,” tweeted Rep. Mondaire Jones (D-N.Y.) following news of Reid’s passing. “They should learn from his example and abolish the filibuster.”

      • Moscow City Court dissolves Memorial Human Rights Center

        A day after Russia’s Supreme Court dissolved the Memorial International Historical Educational Charitable and Human Rights Society, the Moscow City Court similarly ordered the closure of the Memorial’s Human Rights Center, granting a petition by city prosecutors who argued that the organization’s financial activities are “non-transparent.” The authorities also accused Memorial of demonstrating a “steady disregard of Russia’s Constitution and laws.”

      • Fools have no future in Russia Meduza’s: response to the dissolution of Memorial

        Even when judged against the other miseries of 2021, the dissolution of Memorial’s historical research society and human rights center is an extraordinary, monstrous event.

      • ECHR tells Russian to suspend dissolution of Memorial pending review of claim over ‘foreign agent’ laws

        The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has issued an interim measure telling Russia to suspend the dissolution of the International Memorial Society and the Memorial Human Rights Center, Interfax reported on Wednesday, December 29.

      • One of Harry Reid’s Last Wishes Was to End the Filibuster
      • Klobuchar’s Silly Letter To Facebook Raises 1st Amendment Issues And Only Gives Ammo To Misinfo Peddlers That Facebook Is A State Actor

        Senator Amy Klobuchar really is taking to her role as the Senator most eager to set up a Ministry of Truth in the government. Klobuchar has always been terrible on tech/internet issues, but she’s really taken it to a new level in the past year or so. Over the summer, she released a blatantly unconstitutional bill that literally would empower the Director of Health & Human Services to declare what counts as health misinformation and make social media websites liable for it (imagine how that would have played out under a Trump administration — because Klobuchar apparently can’t remember that far back).

      • D.C. Circuit Upholds Freed Up 6 GHz, Wireless Players Celebrate

        The D.C. Circuit Appeals Court decided Tuesday in a unanimous ruling to uphold the Federal Communications Commission’s decision to free up the 6 GHz band for next-generation Wi-Fi, the U.S.’s first gigabit Wi-Fi.

        In its opinion Tuesday, the court stated that petitioners had not provided a basis for questioning the commission’s conclusion that such actions will sufficiently protect against risk of harmful interference with presently unlicensed devices. The commission ruled on the matter in April 2020.

        The court accepted only one petition for review from licensed radio and television broadcasters using the 6 GHz band.

      • Political Vigilante: Talking Maxwell Verdict
    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • Those Who Don’t Understand Section 230 Are Doomed To Repeal It

        It remains somewhat surprising to me how many people who have ideas for Section 230 reforms clearly do not understand the law and how it works. Perhaps much more surprising is that, when experts try to highlight where their analysis has gone wrong, these “reformers” double down rather than correct their previous faulty assumptions. Dean Baker is a fairly well-known economist whose views on copyright we’ve highlighted in the past for being quite insightful. Unfortunately, Baker seems to feel that his insight in these other areas allows him to skip the basics on Section 230, defamation law, internet business models and the like. A year ago he wrote two separate very wrong and very confused blog posts advocating for the full repeal of Section 230. Both of them misunderstand how 230 works, its interplay with the 1st Amendment, and how defamation law works.

      • Indian Gov’t Orders YouTube To Block 20 Channels For ‘Blasphemy’ And ‘Impinging On National Security’

        India’s Information Technology Act has been problematic since its inception. Almost a decade ago, it was deployed to justify the arrest of an Indian citizen who’d done nothing more than criticize a politician, insinuating the politician had used his position to amass personal wealth.

      • 2021 Year In Review: Sex Online

        The ability to express oneself fully—including the expression of one’s sexuality—is a vital part of freedom of expression, and without that ability, free speech is an incomplete and impotent concept.

        To be clear, we are talking here about legal sexual expression, fully protected in the US by the First Amendment, and not the limited category of sexual expression, called “obscenity” in US law, the distribution of which may be criminalized.

        Here is a tiring and non-exhaustive list of the ways Internet platforms have taken it upon themselves to undermine free expression in this way in 2021.

      • Russian Court Orders 2nd Ban of a Major Human Rights Group in 2 Days

        The ruling by Moscow’s City Court will close the Memorial Human Rights Center, which keeps a tally of political prisoners. On Tuesday the country’s Supreme Court ordered the shuttering of Memorial International, which was founded in 1989 by Soviet dissidents to preserve memories of Soviet repression.

        Together, the shutdowns reflected President Vladimir V. Putin’s determination to control the narrative of some of the most painful and repressive chapters in Russian history and keep dissidents at bay. Since January, the Kremlin has accelerated a campaign to stifle dissent, clamping down on independent media, religious groups and political opponents.

    • Freedom of Information/Freedom of the Press

      • On ‘Primary Sources,’ Kevin Gosztola Discusses The War On WikiLeaks
      • PEN America and the Betrayal of Julian Assange

        Those in power, as Noam Chomsky points out, divide the world into “worthy” and “unworthy” victims. They weep crocodile tears over the plight of Uyghur Muslims persecuted in China while demonizing and slaughtering Muslims in the Middle East. They decry press censorship in hostile states and collude with the press censorship and algorithms emanating from Silicon Valley in the United States. It is an old and insidious game, one practiced not to promote human rights or press freedom but to envelop these courtiers to power in a sanctimonious and cloying self-righteousness. PEN America can’t say the words “Belarus,” “Myanmar” or the Chinese tennis star “Peng Shuai” fast enough, while all but ignoring the most egregious assault on press freedom in our lifetime. PEN America only stopped accepting funding from the Israeli government, which routinely censors and jails Palestinian journalists and writers in Israel and the occupied West Bank, for the literary group’s annual World Voices festival in New York in 2017 when more than 250 writers, poets and publishers, many members of PEN, signed an appeal calling on the CEO of PEN America, Suzanne Nossel, to end PEN America’s partnership with the Israeli government. The signatories included Wallace Shawn, Alice Walker, Eileen Myles, Louis Erdrich, Russel Banks, Cornel West, Junot Díaz and Viet Thanh Nguyen. To stand up for Assange comes with a cost, as all moral imperatives do. And this is a cost the careerists and Democratic Party apparatchiks, who leverage corporate money and corporate backing to seize and deform these organizations into appendages of the ruling class, do not intend to pay.

        PEN America is typical of the establishment hijacking of an organization that was founded and once run by writers, some of whom, including Susan Sontag and Norman Mailer, I knew. Nossel is a former corporate lawyer, listed as a “contributor” to The Federalist Society, who worked for McKinsey & Company and as Vice President of US Business Development for Bertelsmann.  Nossel, who has had herself elevated to the position of the CEO of PEN America, also worked under Hillary Clinton in the State Department, including on the task force assigned to respond to the WikiLeaks revelations. I withdrew from a scheduled speaking event at the 2013 World Voices Festival in New York City and resigned from the organization, which that same year had given me its First Amendment Award, to protest Nossel’s appointment. PEN Canada offered me membership which I accepted.

      • In Russia, State Is Waging Hybrid War Against Media, Nobel Laureate Says

        In an exclusive interview with VOA’s Russian Service, Muratov spoke about the struggle to defend and uphold media freedom in Russia and how the threat of violence and legal action affects reporting.

        This interview has been translated from Russian and edited for length and clarity.

        Question: In your Nobel speech, you called journalism an antidote to tyranny. But in Russia, 15 years of freedom after the end of the Soviet Union have given way to censorship, persecution and killings, and a rollback of civil liberties and democracy. Why is this antidote not working in Russia?

      • Hong Kong pro-democracy news site closes after raid, arrests

        A vocal pro-democracy website in Hong Kong shut down Wednesday after police raided its office and arrested six current and former editors and board members in a continuing crackdown on dissent in the semi-autonomous Chinese city.

        Stand News said in a statement that its website and social media are no longer being updated and will be taken down. It said all employees have been dismissed.

        The outlet was one of the last remaining openly critical voices in Hong Kong following the shuttering of the Apple Daily newspaper, which closed after its publisher, Jimmy Lai, and top editors were arrested and its assets frozen.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • Opinion | We’re Talking About Power—Who Has It and Who Gets Kicked in the Face by It

        In 1971, Susan DeMarco, Susan Sechler and I teamed up in a Washington-based public interest group (rather wonkily named Agribusiness Accountability Project) to launch a muckraking foray into the little-examined, multibillion-dollar labyrinth of America’s farm and food policies. But other progressive activists back then were bewildered by us. They were all working on big, high-profile issues like ending the Vietnam War and urban poverty. So, they asked, why were we talking about tomatoes, land-grant colleges, Earl Butz and such arcane concepts as oligopolies?

      • Say Their Names
      • How Worried Do We Need to Be?

        In “America is now in fascism’s legal phase,” Guardian, December 22, 2021, Jason Stanley delineates the march toward fascism in the US that is apparent today. The militarism of the police, the mobilization against the Black community, the attacks against women, the far-right move of all three branches of the federal government, with Trump and other fascists in its midst, and the attacks against those who speak out and protest against all the deadly mayhem of the right and mayhem of this government are targets. The January 6, 2021 insurrection in Washington, D.C., was anything but a dress rehearsal of the worst element of fascist aggression. It is foolish to keep one’s head in the sand while this system of government tumbles. To trust the three branches of the federal government, and some state and local governments to protect our rights and dignity, is a chimera. It can happen here, as it did in Germany and Italy prior to World War II.

        Sinclair Lewis got it right many decades ago in It Can’t Happen Here (1935)! The attacks against the right to vote and the attacks and minimizing of those on the left are of special importance. White supremacy is clearly on the rise and their targets are people of color and those who make credible indictments of these systems of government. The attacks on teaching of Black history and the right of people of color to vote in many states is more of the dress rehearsal of fascism. Indeed, the stage is being set for fewer people to vote in both 2022 and 2024 to usher in fascists at the local, state, and national levels of government. Besides voting, the right is turning the gerrymander into a national cause célèbre where it can get away with it, it being stealing elections and allowing for the rise of the far right both in the offices of government and on the streets. The right, and especially right-wing media, already demonized leftists on the streets, screaming that the anti-fascists are to blame for insurrectionist violence. Look to the attacks against the Black Lives Matter movement and the blocks to access of left writing on the Internet. Books are banned in schools. The right attacks teaching about the history of racism in the US.

      • Historians Warn the GOP Is Pushing Nation Toward Trump-Based Authoritarianism
      • Oklahoma Republican Wants to Deputize Private Citizens to Sue School Districts
      • ‘Madness’: Oklahoma Bill Would Empower Parents to Remove Books From School Libraries

        A bill proposed by a Republican state senator in Oklahoma would empower parents to have books that discuss gender identity removed from public school libraries—a measure that rights advocates warned could have life-threatening consequences for LGBTQ+ children across the state.

        Under Senate Bill 1142, introduced earlier this month by state Sen. Rob Standridge, just one parent would have to object to a book that includes discussion of “sexual perversion, sex-based classifications, sexual identity, or gender identity” and other related themes in order to begin the process of removal.

      • The Fierce Love of the Rev. Dr. Jacqui Lewis

        It’s that time of year when we all need a little strength. Elections, holidays, the change of the season, we need fortitude to get through it. The Rev. Dr. Jacqui Lewis would say that we need fierce love too, and she knows about resilience. A year ago, her church burned down, a church that had already been through its own history of near-death experiences. Lewis is senior minister of Middle Collegiate Church in Manhattan’s East Village. In her latest book, Fierce Love: A Bold Path to Ferocious Courage and Rule-Breaking Kindness That Can Heal the World, she weaves together autobiographical anecdotes with theological reflections and practical tools to show what underlies and inspires change.

      • Where Are Black Parents’ Voices on Critical Race Theory?

        According to a poll published in September, a staggering 83 percent of parents support the teaching of “critical race theory” in schools. Or to be more specific—because they are never granted modifier-free descriptors, as their white peers are—83 percent of Black parents are in favor of CRT in their children’s schools. In a USA Today/Ipsos poll, 71 percent of Asian parents and roughly 60 percent of Hispanic parents said CRT should be part of the curriculum in their children’s schools. A Fox News survey conducted in Virginia—the state that is home to the Loudoun County School District, where some of the most visible battles over CRT have taken place—revealed that among Black parents with more than a passing familiarity with CRT, more than twice as many approved of it as opposed it. These polls didn’t specify to parents that critical race theory is a 40-year-old legal framework for analyzing the ways racism is embedded in American institutions, not a lesson plan that’s actually used in K-12 classrooms today. But we can assume that those parents regard CRT as a concept that includes the study of slavery and anti-Black racism and support teaching those topics in our schools. In a small poll of parents of New York City schoolchildren, a group that is more than 80 percent people of color, over three-quarters of respondents supported the idea that students should learn about the “damages of white supremacy,” while 79 percent supported teaching about the Black Lives Matter movement.

      • Accused of Refusing Aid to Disabled Kids, a State Agency Responded — by Hiring a PR Firm

        Dan Bookhout was accustomed to fighting over almost everything in his dealings with Florida’s Birth-Related Neurological Injury Compensation Association, the program underwriting care for his severely disabled daughter, Arwen. The program’s “no, no, no culture,” he said, was “exhausting.”

        So Bookhout thought it seemed “fishy” when administrators offered, without a fight, to buy or lease a nearly $30,000 robotic device to help his then-5-year-old walk. And when administrators asked for his help to promote the device to other parents.

      • Let’s Talk About How the Media Covers Gaza

        This has been quite a year for Palestine. What started as one neighborhood’s rallying cry against dispossession translated into a unity uprising that situated the Palestinian cause at the center of the international news cycle. For a brief yet unprecedented moment, decades-old Palestinian analysis about Israeli settler-colonialism triggered worldwide epiphanies and gave language to the usual out-of-context photographs of weeping Palestinian mothers and razed buildings. Journalists challenged sanitized state language and called ethnic cleansing by its name. Newspapers ran articles about Israeli war crimes inside the besieged Gaza Strip and plastered photos of murdered Palestinian children on their front pages. TV channels showed the Israeli military dropping bombs that reduced residential and media towers to rubble. Social media networks exploded with images of Palestinians—dead and alive—pulled from under the wreck. And, to a certain degree, Palestinian voices steered the global conversation.

      • Poet Martín Espada on “Floaters,” the Dehumanization of Refugees, Puerto Rico & His Father

        Acclaimed poet Martín Espada recently won the National Book Award for Poetry for his anthology “Floaters.” He became just the third Latinx poet to win the award. “Floaters” is titled after the photo of the Salvadoran father and daughter who drowned in the Rio Grande in June 2019 trying to cross into the United States, one that sparked outrage at the humanitarian crisis at the U.S. southern border. Espada discusses U.S. immigration policy and reads the poem “Letter to My Father: October 2017,” which looks back at his father’s native Puerto Rico.

      • Guilty: Epstein Recruiter Ghislaine Maxwell Convicted of Child Sex Trafficking, Conspiracy

        A New York jury on Wednesday found British socialite Ghislaine Maxwell guilty of child sex trafficking and four other counts in connection with her procurement and grooming of minors to be abused by her close friend, the late financier Jeffrey Epstein.

        “The verdict screams loud and clear—if you make it easier for another to sexually abuse children, you, too, will be held accountable for your role in that abuse.”

      • Remembering Desmond Tutu’s Gospel of Peace

        Archbishop Desmond Tutu, who died on Sunday at age 90, had a genius for speaking truths that the powerful tried to avoid hearing. When he delivered his 1984 Nobel Lecture, for instance, it was understood that the Anglican priest would condemn the apartheid system that codified racial hatred and violence in his homeland of South Africa—and similar systems of racial, social, and economic injustice globally. But Tutu didn’t stop there. He seized the platform to decry the international military-industrial complex that extended from, underpinned, and maintained that injustice.

      • Billionaires Should Not Exist — Here’s Why

        In a fair society, there would be no billionaires. Bernie Sanders says they shouldn’t exist and Elizabeth Warren sells mugs of their tears. I’m talking about billionaires and making the case that an economic system that allows them is immoral.

        We have arrived at an obscene inequality crisis, in which wealth is concentrated in the hands of a powerful few, at the cost of crippling hardship, precarity, and compromised well-being for the many. When a single billionaire can accumulate more money in 10 seconds than their employees make in one year, while workers struggle to meet the basic cost of rent and medicine, then yes, every billionaire really is a policy failure. Here’s why.

      • Father of teen shot by US police demands jail terms

        The father of teenager accidentally shot dead by US police in a department store, demanded jail time Tuesday for the officers involved in her killing.

        The death of 14-year-old Valentina Orellana-Peralta is the latest at the hands of law enforcement in a country where guns abound and police readily resort to deadly force.

        [...]

        There is no official national record of fatal shootings by US police officers, and reporting of incidents by police departments is voluntary.

      • Union Busting -What is it and why you should care

        The last two years where pretty darn terrible, but one of the things that provided hope was a growing solidarity between workers. Sadly this was also met with enormous repression. In this talk I want to show why we need unions and how we’re prevented from getting them.

      • The Bill for My Homelessness Was $54,000

        Which brings me back to my point: How are we as a society going to make it right going forward for those who have been homeless if we do not recognize the harm inflicted on them in the past?

      • A young Afghan woman on breaking free of the burqa

        As a new veil descends over Afghan women’s rights, and women in all parts of the country are forced to stay behind closed doors, I feel the same suffocation I did as a teenager beneath the thick, scratchy fabric of the dark burqa. It feels as if the whole of Afghanistan wears that heavy burqa which I hated so much, and that, underneath it, all Afghan women are choking.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • House Republicans Don’t Want Infrastructure Money Going Toward Broadband Competition

        For years the broadband industry has successfully convinced the U.S. government to remain fixated exclusively on broadband coverage gaps, not the overall lack of broadband competition. That’s in part because they’ve known for decades that substandard maps mean policymakers have never really known which areas lack or need access. That’s helped create an ecosystem where we throw billions upon billions of dollars in tax breaks and subsidies at regional monopolies every year, in exchange for broadband networks that are routinely half-completed.

    • Digital Restrictions (DRM)

      • China to tighten copyright protection in livestreaming, ecommerce platforms by 2025

        China will improve copyright protection livestreaming, ecommerce and sports events by 2025, the country’s copyright regulator said on Wednesday.

        Copyright protection will be strengthened and improved in new industries and new areas, according to the 14th Five-Year Plan for Copyright Work issued by the National Copyright Administration.

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • Artificial Intelligence as an Inventor on Patents – The Global Divide and the Path Forward [Ed: Gross mis-framing of the issue at hand using buzzwords like "Hey Hi"; what's at stake here is some provocateur trying to claim that any junk produced by some computer program can be monopolised, as it that will "reward" the program]

          DABUS (Device for the Autonomous Bootstrapping of Unified Sentience) is an artificial intelligence (AI) system created by Dr. Stephen Thaler. It reportedly conceived two separate inventions without any human intervention and therefore, was designated as an inventor on patent applications related to those inventions. The idea of assigning inventorship to an AI-machine not only brought new legal challenges but also left the global intellectual property (IP) community divided regarding whether an AI-machine can/should be allowed to be named as an inventor on patents related to AI-created inventions.

        • Leahy Tells Justices Apple-Qualcomm Ruling Threatens AIA

          The Federal Circuit’s refusal to let Apple appeal its Patent Trial and Appeal Board loss against Qualcomm because it had a temporary license to the challenged patents is a “red flag” that the U.S. Supreme Court must address, according to Sen. Patrick Leahy and Rep. Darrell Issa.

          The Democratic senator from Vermont and Republican representative from California on Monday said in an amicus brief Monday the Federal Circuit is undermining the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act — which they both sponsored — by taking away Apple’s ability to appeal inter partes review decisions upholding Qualcomm’s patents, especially as Apple has been accused…

        • Will the New Year bring the rule of law to the EPO? [Ed: Miquel Montañá (Clifford Chance) hopes for too much in one year? The EPO devolved into what one can only conclude is “organised crime” disguised as legitimate activity for money extraction. Miquel Montañá then goes on to stating lies and spouting out loaded statements about the UPC as if it will exist. This is an old tactic of Team UPC.]

          According to article 1 of the European Patent Convention (EPC), “a system of law, common to Contracting States for the grant of patents for inventions is established by this Convention.”

          So, at first glance, it would appear that the European Patent Organisation was meant to be an International Institution governed by the rule of law. In particular, by the text of the EPC and by the provisions of the Implementing Regulations which, according to article 164, form part of the EPC.

          However, as is well known, over the years, the need to address practical matters has led the organs of the European Patent Organisation to use some instruments that have placed it at some distance from the rule of law.

          One such instrument is the “Communications from the President of the European Patent Office (EPO). For example, on 13 May 1992, the President of the EPO, for the purpose of reducing the workload of the Spanish Patent Office, published a “Communication” “strongly encouraging” applicants, in the case of patents affected by Spain’s Reservation excluding the patentability of pharmaceutical products until 7 October 1992, to file a separate set of claims for Spain. Here we have an organ of the European Patent Organisation (the president of the EPO) prompting a result explicitly prohibited by article 118 of the EPC: the grant of a European patent with a text not identical for all Contracting States. Article 167 (Reservations) did not allow the EPC to deviate from that principle. What article 167 stated was that, if a European patent whose text had to be identical in all Contracting States (article 118) protected the chemical or pharmaceutical product as such, then that patent could be revoked or would have no effect in Spain. Readers will not find any article of the EPC stating that a European patent may have a non-identical text in the Contracting States that made a Reservation under article 167.

        • KOL369 | Soho Forum IP Debate Post-Mortem with Greg Morin

          Whereupon I do the rare original episode. In November I debated Richard Epstein in New York, at the Soho Forum, on intellectual property (patent and copyright).

          [...]

          Patent and Copyright Law Should Be Abolished

        • The DABUS saga continued… [Ed: Patent fanatics and profiteers still unable to see that patent offices are provoked, courts trolled, and the system as a whole infiltrated by people who actively work to undermine innovation, equipped with buzzwords like "Hey Hi"]

          Just a few days before Holidays season, the Legal Board of Appeal announced its ruling in the cases J 8/20 and J 9/20, thus confirming the decisions of the Receiving Section of the European Patent Office, both of which has refused the DABUS applications EP 18 275 163 and EP 18 275 174. These well-known applications designated an artificial intelligence system as the inventor. The applicant argued in the application that inventions had been autonomously created by DABUS.

          In order to provide for all alternative scenarios in respect of AI innovation, the applicant submitted an auxiliary request according to which a natural person was indicated to have “the right to the European Patent by virtue of being the owner and creator of” the artificial intelligence system DABUS. The Board of Appeal also rejected this request.

          [...]

          The DABUS patent applications have been submitted in several jurisdictions, contextualizing the debate on the patentability of AI-originating inventions within the patent registration process in various jurisdictions. To read more on previous stages of this saga, see the IPKat posts here, hereand here.. With the exception of South Africa, which granted the DABUS application, and Australia, which provided that the rights to the DABUS patent could be assigned to Dr Thaler, UK, US and EPO have all refused the patent applications.

          As AI-originating innovations are sure to stay, the question remains: Will the patent system ultimately have to adjust?

          We look forward to reading the ruling of the Board of Appeal in its entirity.

        • WHO Chief Decries ‘Moral Shame’ of Vaccine Apartheid Amid Omicron ‘Tsunami’

          With the new year approaching, World Health Organization Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus warned Wednesday that the end of the coronavirus pandemic will remain out of reach as long as low-income countries are denied the ability to widely vaccinate their populations.

          Tedros lamented during his weekly press conference that 92 out of 194 WHO member nations are set to miss the 40% end-of-year vaccination target established by the international agency due to “a combination of limited supply going to low-income countries” and donated vaccine doses arriving “close to expiry and without key parts—like the syringes!”

      • Copyrights

        • [Guest post] Universal Copyright Convention – RIP [Ed: WIPO continues to blackmail the whole world into succumbing to the will of Western oligarchs by rewriting laws and accepting “legalised” colonialism]

          December 9, 2021, WIPO announced that the Kingdom of Cambodia has joined the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, with effect from March 9, 2022. This is, of course, very important for the creative communities of Cambodia. Internationally, it may not be a major event, since a very high number of countries have already ratified or adhered to the Convention. With the joining of Cambodia, the number of Member States of the Berne Union has reached 180. There is, however, a broader significance of that adherence, namely the final obsolescence of the Universal Copyright Convention (UCC).

          The UCC was originally adopted in Geneva in 1951 and later revised in Paris in 1971. It was originally adopted in response to the problem that a significant number of countries, not least in the Americas, considered the demands for protection under the Berne Convention too strict. For the USA, for example, the prohibition against formalities as precondition for protection were not compatible with the system that applied under her national law. It foresaw both registration of the work at the Copyright Office, deposit of copies, attachment of a copyright claim (© [year of first publication] by [name of owner of rights]), and, in certain cases, manufacture of the copies within the country. Instead, international protection of works originating in the USA was obtained in various ways: through bilateral agreements; by means of “backdoor protection” where works were first or simultaneously published in Berne Union countries; and through multilateral conventions. In particular, a string of regional copyright conventions were adopted and revised along the way in the Americas, including in particular the 1910 Buenos Aires Convention (the Panamerican Copyright Conventions).

        • U.S. Court Denies Access to Defendant’s Hard Drive in Online Piracy Case

          Adult content producer Strike 3 Holdings wants an alleged movie pirate to share a copy of his hard drive and cloud hosting accounts. This evidence is crucial to proving the copyright infringements, the company argued. The court agreed that the data is important but put the privacy rights of the defendant first.

        • MPA/ACE: Dozens More Pirate IPTV & Streaming Domains In The Crosshairs

          Two new DMCA subpoena applications filed by the Motion Picture Association and anti-piracy partner ACE reveal that as 2021 comes to a close, dozens more domains connected to illegal streaming sites and pirate IPTV providers may soon experience legal troubles.

        • The Copyright Industry Wants Everything Filtered As It Is Uploaded; Here’s Why That Will Be A Disaster

          The history of copyright can be seen as one of increasing control by companies over what ordinary people can do with material created by others. For the online world, the endgame is where copyright holders get to check and approve every single file that is uploaded, with the power to block anything they regard as infringing. That digital dystopia moved much closer two years ago, with the passage of the EU Copyright Directive. At the heart of the Directive lies precisely these kind of upload filters – even though the legislation’s supporters insisted that they would not be needed. When the law was safely passed – despite voting issues – only then did they admit that upload filters would indeed be required.

12.29.21

Links 29/12/2021: GNU Serveez 0.3.1 and postmarketOS 21.12

Posted in News Roundup at 3:48 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • Destination Linux 258: Linux in 2021: Year In Review!

        This week’s episode of Destination Linux, we’re going to take a look back at this year in Linux. There are so many amazing things that happened with Linux and we’re going to cover all the highlights. Then we’re going to discuss the future of the Linux Desktop in Virtual Reality! Plus we’ve also got our famous tips, tricks and software picks. All of this and so much more this week on Destination Linux. So whether you’re brand new to Linux and open source or a guru of sudo. This is the podcast for you.

      • How Does KDE Think? – Kockatoo Tube
    • Kernel Space

      • Linux 5.15.12
        I'm announcing the release of the 5.15.12 kernel.
        
        All users of the 5.15 kernel series must upgrade.
        
        The updated 5.15.y git tree can be found at:
        	git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux-stable.git linux-5.15.y
        and can be browsed at the normal kernel.org git web browser:
        
        https://git.kernel.org/?p=linux/kernel/git/stable/linux-s...
        
        thanks,
        
        greg k-h
        
      • Linux 5.10.89
      • Linux 5.4.169
      • Linux 4.19.223
      • Linux 4.14.260
      • Linux 4.9.295
      • Linux 4.4.297
      • Improved Thermal/Power Management For Intel “Titan Ridge” Thunderbolt Coming To Linux – Phoronix

        For those with systems making use of an Intel “Titan Ridge” Thunderbolt 3 controller, a Linux kernel driver improvement working its way to mainline should yield thermal/power benefits.

        Intel’s Titan Ridge are the JHL7440 / JHL7540 / JHL7340 controllers providing Thunderbolt 3 in some desktop motherboards. Titan Ridge was launched back in 2018 and has been supported in the mainline Linux kernel since that point.

      • Graphics Stack

        • Mesa 22.0 Zink Lands macOS Build Fix For OpenGL On Vulkan Via MoltenVK On Metal – Phoronix

          Last year there was some work for getting Gallium3D Zink working on macOS for this OpenGL-on-Vulkan implementation to in turn run it atop the MoltenVK library for translating the Vulkan calls to Apple’s Metal graphics/compute API. That work fell into disrepair but now the fixed up code for allowing Zink to build on Apple’s operating system has been merged into Mesa 22.0.

    • Benchmarks

      • AMD AOCC 3.2 vs. GCC vs. Clang Compiler Performance On Zen 3 – Phoronix

        Earlier this month AMD released AOCC 3.2 as the newest version of their LLVM/Clang-based compiler focused on delivering optimized Zen performance. With our initial AMD AOCC 3.2 benchmarks on Zen 3, there is nice incremental improvement compared to the prior 3.x releases. But how does this AMD-optimized compiler stack up against the upstream LLVM Clang and GCC compilers? Here is a look at the AMD AOCC performance against the current Clang and GCC C/C++ compilers.

        This round of compiler testing was carried out on the frequency-oprimized AMD EPYC 72F3 (Zen 3) server processor with Supermicro H12SSL-i motherboard, 8 x 16GB DDR4-3200 memory, and running Ubuntu 21.04 with the Linux 5.14 kernel. Following the AOCC 3.0 / 3.1 / 3.2 compiler benchmarks, the comparison was extended to include LLVM Clang 12.0.1, LLVM Clang 13.0.1, GCC 10.3, GCC 11.2, and GCC 12.0 in its current development form.

        While testing all of these compilers with their release builds, the CFLAGS/CXXFLAGS were set to “-O3 -march=native” throughout. The main focus of this testing is seeing how AMD’s in-house AOCC downstream of LLVM/Clang is performing against the common GCC and Clang releases for the performance of the resulting binaries from these compilers. AOCC has also been maturing its Fortran support with the FLANG front-end and comparison tests that will come in due course with the LLVM FLANG support still maturing.

    • Applications

      • Gamestonk Terminal – investment research tool

        Python is one of the finest open source languages for data scientists mainly because of its incredibly powerful ecosystem with its huge array of machine learning/deep learning libraries, and powerful visualization software. To get a flavour of the ecosystem, check out our recommended Python Deep Learning and Python Visualization software.

        One of the many use cases for the Python ecosystem is in the field of investment research. Can’t see the wood from the trees? Are you uncertain of the next investment decision to make? Step forward Gamestonk Terminal.

        Gamestonk Terminal provides a modern Python-based integrated environment for financial investment research. It aims to provide a comprehensive tool to help make better investment decisions. This terminal-based tool is free and open source software written in Python.

      • Fun with Telescopesu

        Recently I purchased a small telescope to look at solar spots. When choosing a mount, I checked whether it can be controlled with OSS.

        In this context INDI is mentioned everywhere and my desired mount was supported. indi and kstars are already part of Debian, so “apt install”, selecting my mount, …. oh, wait, the menu shows it, but I can not select it.

        Ok, that was the time when I learned about the difference of indi and indi-3rdparty. The indi package just contains a few drivers and others are available from a different repository. This split has been done either due to different release cycles of the driver, a different OSS license of it, or just due to binary blobs without source being part of some drivers.

        Fine, there are already packages of the 3rdparty-repository available from an Ubuntu PPA, so it should be no problem to add them do Debian as well.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How To Connect QEMU Host-Guest Networks Made Easy

        This tutorial will explain for QEMU virtual machine users how you can make two-ways network connection between host and guest on Ubuntu Desktop. This enables internet access automatically for the guest if available on the host. This tutorial gives you an example exercise, that is, to remote login with SSH from host to guest and reversely from guest to host. Now let’s start!

      • How To Install Icinga on Linux Mint 20 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Icinga on Linux Mint 20. For those of you who didn’t know, Icinga is an open-source computer system and network monitoring application. It is one of the most popular monitoring tools on the internet that provides high availability and distributed monitoring. Icinga 2 has a user-friendly web interface, but it also comes with a command-line interface that can be used for monitoring.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Icinga 2 monitoring tool on a Linux Mint 20 (Ulyana).

      • How to install Manjaro 21.2.0 – Invidious

        In this video, I am going to show how to install Manjaro 21.2.0.

      • How to Find Vulnerabilities In Containers and Files With Grype – CloudSavvy IT

        Grype is an open-source vulnerability scanner that finds weaknesses within container images and filesystem directories. Grype is developed by Anchore but works as a standalone binary that’s easier to get to grips with than the Anchore Engine.

        Known vulnerabilities make their way into your software via outdated operating system packages, compromised programming language dependencies, and insecure base images. Actively scanning your artifacts keeps you informed of issues before malicious actors find them. Here’s how to use Grype to find problems in your code and containers.

      • How to Install and Test Parrot OS in VirtualBox

        Parrot OS lays a heavy focus on providing extensive security and penetration testing capabilities to the end-users. Even though most advanced users might only use Kali Linux for their pen testing needs, the reality is that Parrot OS is an equally efficient operating system that is useful as a privacy-focused distro.

        Since Parrot OS draws its inspiration from Debian, the Linux distro continues to be easy to install for users. It inherits some intelligent features from its counterparts, including the APT package manager and a full-fledged suite of penetration testing and privacy tools.

        To test Parrot OS, you can install the distro on Oracle’s VirtualBox.

      • How to install memcached on OpenSUSE / SUSE Linux – nixCraft

        While working with the client’s system, I noticed that the database would come under load due to increased demand. After reviewing the code, the developer and I conclude that something like memcached will improve performance by caching queries. This page explains how to install a memcached server on OpenSUSE or SUSE enterprise Linux server using the ssh command.

      • Still working with gnome boxes — Unixcop

        A couple of weeks ago, I’ve wrote an article about how I’m (kinda) in love with gnome boxes. Well, I’m still working with gnome boxes every day. And that simpleness I’m kinda in love to comes with a cost: to do some things are the exact opposite to simple.

        Here’s a small list of things that annoyed me and how I’ve solved it.

      • Run Distrobox on Fedora Linux – Fedora Magazine

        Distrobox is a tool that allows you to create and manage container-based development environments without root privileges.

        Distrobox can use either podman or docker to create containers using the Linux distribution of your choice.

        The created container will be tightly integrated with the host, allowing sharing of the HOME directory of the user, external storage, external USB devices, graphical apps (X11/Wayland), and audio.

        As a project, it is inspired by Container Toolbx (all the props to them!), but it aims to have broader compatibility with hosts and containers, without having to require a dedicated image to use in Distrobox.

      • How to Determine the File System Type in Linux (Ext2, Ext3, or Ext4)? – TREND OCEANS

        Linux is an ocean of different kinds of file systems. Some distributions ship Ext4 as the default file system, while distributions like RedHat stick with an XFS.

        Besides Ext4 and XFS, there are around 10+ file systems in Linux with unique features and few drawbacks. To know, your Linux system is running in which type of file system use the below method.

      • How To Install RStudio IDE on Fedora 35 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install RStudio IDE on Fedora 35. For those of you who didn’t know, RStudio provides free and open-source tools for R and enterprise-ready professional software for data science teams to develop and share their work at scale. RStudio makes it easier to write Python, Shell, SQL scripts with syntax highlighting, code completion, and smart indentation.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of RStudio IDE on a Fedora 35.

      • How to install Mongodb Server on Linux mint 18 | 19 | 20 – Linux Shout

        Steps and commands to install the latest version of MongoDB server and client on Linux Mint 18, 19, and 20 using the command terminal.

        What is MongoDB? MongoDB is an open-source database that is different from Oracle MySQL, Microsoft SQL, and other popular SQL database servers. Because this one is based on a non-relational document model. That’s why we called NoSQL database (NoSQL = Not-only-SQL) and makes it differs fundamentally from conventional relational databases. The meaning of its name is “humongous” founded by developer Eliot Horowitz in 2009.

        MongoDB is available in both community and Enterprise editions. The community version is good for SMBs, developers, individuals for testing and learning; whereas the enterprises with a heavy workload and require large-scale implementation should go for the Enterprise version. In the enterprise version, the user will get Technical support, Kubernetes Integration, advanced access control, and data security, LDAP Proxy Authentication, Encryption at Rest, Auditing, Kerberos Authentication, and other features…

    • Games

      • Rats Learn To Play DOOM In This Automated VR Arena | Hackaday

        When we run an article with “DOOM” in the title, it’s typically another example of getting the venerable game running on some minimalist platform. This DOOM-based VR rig for rats, though, is less about hacking DOOM, and more about hacking the rats.

        What started as a side project for [Viktor Tóth] has evolved into quite a complex apparatus. At the center of the rig is an omnidirectional treadmill comprised of a polystyrene ball about the size of a bowling ball. The ball is free to rotate, with sensors detecting rotation in two axes — it’s basically a big electromechanical mouse upside down. The rat rides at the top of the ball, wearing a harness to keep it from slipping off. A large curved monitor sits right in front of the rat to display the virtual environment, which is a custom DOOM map.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • Better Adaptive Icons for 2022! › Ken Vermette

          Some new CSS classes are coming to icons courtesy Janet Blackquill, and I’m excited to cover what exactly this will let icon artists do in 2022! This post is part tutorial and part news. For those looking for a quick TLDR; icons are going to get even better. I’m also going to clear up some inaccuracies in existing documentation (which I plan on updating at some point later)

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • The icon view is dead, long live the icon view! – Blog about what I do

          Porting Files to GTK 4 has been helping me learn and appreciate even more the legacy of the nautilus software package. Its two-decades-long history is closely entangled with the history of the GNOME project.

          As I prepare to merge the removal of more than 20 thousand lines of code, I’ve decided to stop and pay some tribute to the legacy widget that’s about to be decommissioned.

          [...]

          At some point renamed/forked to FooCanvas and later EelCanvas, this base widget continued to serve as the fundamental base for the GNOME desktop files and file browser’s icon view across major versions.

          However, as GNOME 3 no longer featured icons on desktop, a free-position canvas was no longer required. Various efforts were made to implement a less complex grid view, but the canvas refused to be dethroned easily.

    • Distributions

      • XeroLinux is a refreshingly cool desktop in desperate need of some polish

        Clearly, XeroLinux isn’t for the new user. Anyone who prefers their desktops work with a certain level of reliability will want to steer clear of this entry. But if you love eye candy and you don’t mind spending a bit of extra time getting things to work, XeroLinux might be just the sidetrack from the standard-issue desktop.

        This is one of those distributions that I sincerely hope continues growing. Even with the issues, what Anindo Neel Dutta has done is impressive. XeroLinux has the makings of what could be the most beautiful Linux desktop on the market. If he can work out some of the quirks, he’ll have something special on his hands.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Fedora 36 Looking To Change Its Default Fonts – Phoronix

          Fedora is often on the bleeding-edge of changes for tier-one Linux distributions but not all of them are very technical in nature but sometimes just cosmetic alterations. Among the latest batch of change proposals for next spring’s Fedora 36 is to change the default font.

          Currently Fedora relies on the DejaVu fonts for European and other language scripts. But not all languages are covered by DejaVu so there are also other fonts involved.

        • 10 networking guides for sysadmin success | Enable Sysadmin

          Of the many changes created by the pandemic, one of the more enduring is that remote work is still the norm. Networking makes this possible. Understanding and appreciating how networks work and are designed is a needed skill, especially in this digital world.

        • Open source tools for running a small business in 2022

          This year, Opensource.com ran several great articles focusing on open source in business. These articles show the power of open source in business as tools, platforms, or integration points. Let’s review some of the top open source business stories from 2021:

        • Hybrid work: 5 resolutions to help leaders support teams

          The hybrid work model is here to stay, and the way organizations shape their new work models in early 2022 will influence the structure of the workforce for many years to come. It’s becoming clear that the most practical approach for larger companies is a combination of remote and in-person structure, focused on high engagement, connection, and collaboration.

          Your goal for the first quarter of 2022 should be to create a work environment that is valuable for both those working in the office and those working remotely, while recognizing that the two experiences will never be the same. Your office structure 2.0 must also address pain points created by the pandemic, like video meeting fatigue and feeling disconnected from colleagues.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • Ubuntu Touch OTA-21 Arrives on January 5th, 2022, with Redesigned Greeter, More Fixes

          Still based on the Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus) operating system series, the Ubuntu Touch OTA-21 update is yet another bugfix release that fixes various issues reported by users from previous OTA updates.

          For example, it fixes support for setting up a Google account, it fixes microphone access in the default web browser, and fixes a weird animation issue in Clock app’s timer mode that occurred when the clock hands were moved across the 12-hour clock position.

        • What’s New in Linux Mint 20.3 “Una”

          Linux Mint’s final point release in the 20 series, nicknamed “Una,” is now in beta. It builds on version 20.2 “Uma” with some new features and refinements. Are those changes more substantial than the name change? Let’s find out.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Top 13 open-source WebRTC projects to build Video conferencing and calling apps

        WebRTC is an open-source framework that enables real-time communications for the web through your web browser.

        In contrast, it is the basic protocol that allows web apps and websites to capture and stream videos and audio and exchange data between web browsers.

        WebRTC is created first by Google to make peer-to-peer communication possible for web browsers and mobile apps, leading to dozens of video and audio communication apps that we use every day.

        It is a free and open-source project, which means it does not require any cost to run and use it

        Another Advantage for WebRTC is it is fast, and because, unlike UDP-based apps, it does not require any handshake between the client and the server.

      • Ghislaine Maxwell conviction, Silva Arapi, Nafi Shehu, Elio Qoshi & Ubuntu underage girl

        Many people are holding their breath waiting for a jury to decide whether to convict Ghislaine Maxwell, sidekick of Jeffrey Epstein.

        It appears strange for a woman to be involved in crimes against women and children but it is not uncommon. Here at Debian Community News we recently covered the similarities between Debian and the NXIVM sex cult.

        Debian is a combination of the names Debra and Ian, Ian being the founder of Debian and Debra his girlfriend at the time Debian was conceived. The name Debian is now being used to brand volunteers in much the same way that NXIVM convicted criminals branded their initials on slaves genital skin. It is a tragic coincidence. Debra and Ian would not condone this, yet this is what eventuated under the cult-like regime of Chris Lamb and Molly de Blanc.

      • 9 Open Source Tech Careers to Consider

        As we close out this challenging year, we look back at the most popular FOSSlife articles of 2021 and look ahead to the opportunities that 2022 may hold.

        In the coming year, we will continue to provide news and features to keep you informed of the latest open source trends and technologies and continue to build a collection of resources to help you understand the array of opportunities that open source has to offer.

      • FSF

        • GNU Projects

          • GNU Serveez 0.3.1 available
            release notes:
            
              Quick-fix release.
            
            README excerpt:
            
              GNU Serveez is a server framework.  It provides routines and help
              for implementing IP-based servers (currently TCP, UDP and ICMP).
              It supports named pipes for all connection-oriented protocols.
            
              We think it is worth the effort because many people need server
              functionality within their applications.  However, many people
              experience problems with select(2) or poll(2) loops, and with
              non-blocking operations.
            
              GNU Serveez demonstrates various aspects of advanced network
              programming in a portable manner.  It is known to compile and
              run on GNU/Linux systems, as well as on other 32-bit and 64-bit
              flavours of Unix and on Microsoft Windows (9x/ME/NT/2000/XP).
            
              You can use it for implementing your own servers or for
              understanding how certain network services and operations work.
            
            NEWS for 0.3.1 (2021-12-11):
            
              - build regression fixed
            
                Part of the documentation build process uses programs to scan
                both Scheme and C files for "doc strings" (actually, comments).
                The Serveez 0.3.0 (2021-12-06) release introduced a bug whereby
                the Scheme-scanning program was passed a flag that is only valid
                for the C-scanning program.  Result: FTBFS (sometimes).
            
              - URLs now predominantly https
            
                The world is less trusting, alas.  Docs and ‘--version’ output
                updated, as well as all the copyright notices in the source (of
                course).  URLs found in ChangeLog files are the same.
            
              - bootstrap/maintenance tools
            
                upgraded:
            
                 Guile-BAUX 20211208.0839.a5245e7
                 GNU gnulib 2021-12-10 21:54:54
            
                as before:
            
                 GNU Texinfo 6.8
                 GNU Autoconf 2.71
                 GNU Automake 1.16.5
                 GNU Libtool 2.4.6
            
            tarballs and detached signature:
            
            https://ftpmirror.gnu.org/serveez/serveez-0.3.1.tar.lz
            
            
            https://ftpmirror.gnu.org/serveez/serveez-0.3.1.tar.lz.sig
            
            source code:
            
            https://git.savannah.gnu.org/cgit/serveez.git?h=p
            
            homepage:
            
            https://www.gnu.org/software/serveez/
            
            -- 
            Thien-Thi Nguyen -----------------------------------------------
             (defun responsep (query)               ; (2021) Software Libero
               (pcase (context query)               ;       = Dissenso Etico
                 (`(technical ,ml) (correctp ml))
                 ...))                              748E A0E8 1CB8 A748 9BFA
            --------------------------------------- 6CE4 6703 2224 4C80 7502
            
      • Programming/Development

        • Automatic detection of audio device

          What I want is when plugin a USB audio device, that it will be detected, and if it is a sink device launch the Multiple Sound Card Wizard. Yes, I will explain that, but also want to point out a serious potential bug that still exists in woof-CE built pups.

        • Qt 6.2 Web Assembly What’s New

          You may have seen the news that we released Web Assembly as Tech Preview in Qt 6.2 LTS a while ago (please find the latest Qt here). This blog post is a Qt6 refresh of a similar post done earlier for Qt 5, starting a series of Qt Web Assembly posts discussing the recent developments on Qt6 side.

        • Perl/Raku

  • Leftovers

    • Why Does “Natural Scrolling” Exist, Anyway?

      Perhaps you don’t think of it this way, but the way that we interact with the objects we own is not necessarily a given. And this is proven when those not-a-given things change unexpectedly out of the blue. I wanted to talk about one of those things, a small but confusing shift to the way we use computers, a default that befuddles many, but others don’t mind. When it comes to “natural scrolling,” I fall deeply into the befuddled camp. Released with version 10.7 of Mac OS X just over a decade ago, the attempt to reinvent the way our mice and trackpads work felt like an unnecessary flip, but it’s still around a decade later, and most other operating systems now do it as well. Apple convinced people that its way of scrolling was “natural.” Now, while I missed the 10th anniversary of this subtle-but-not-so-subtle change by about five months, I still wanted to get my thoughts about it down way before the 15th anniversary. While the embers of 2021 are still emitting light, today’s Tedium looks back at the moment Apple flipped the way we scroll through things on our computers on its head.

    • Foam Surfboard From Scratch

      Have you ever wanted to make your own surfboard, but felt held back by a lack of tools, materials, or the cost of it? Drawing almost entirely from what can be found at a well-known home improvement retailer, [AndrewW1997] details the steps needed to craft your board.

      In his guide, he details the difference between XPS (expanded polystyrene) and EPS (extruded polystyrene) and how each product’s closed cell and open cell nature affects the final board. Starting with two pink sheets of XPS, he laminated them together with glue to form his blank. A stringer is a long piece of wood in the middle of the surfboard that provides additional flex and strength. Some flooring plywood curved with a jigsaw provides the shape needed. Unfortunately, the blank needs to be split in half to install the stringer. However, he has a trick for gluing the blank back together without it buckling, and that trick is ratchet straps.

    • Science

      • The Current State Of Play In Autonomous Cars | Hackaday

        Bluster around the advent of self-driving cars has become a constant in the automotive world in recent years. Much is promised by all comers, but real-world results – and customer-ready technologies – remain scarce on the street.

        Today, we’ll dive in and take a look at the current state of play. What makes a self-driving car, how close are the main players, and what can we expect to come around the corner?

    • Hardware

      • The Three Cent Motor Controller

        If you follow the world of small microcontrollers you will certainly be familiar with the usual fare of Atmel, ARM Cortex, PIC, and others. But these aren’t the smallest or cheapest devices, below them is an entire category of grain-of-dust microcontrollers with minimal capabilities and at rock bottom prices. Maybe the most well known are the Padauk series of chips, whose PIC12-like architecture can be had for literal pennies. These are the famous 3 cent microcontrollers, but despite their fame they have a bit of a reputation in our community for being difficult to work with. [Ben Lim] dispels some of those ideas, by Padauk-enabling a motor and encoder from a printer to make a three cent motor controller.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • Astronaut Food Is Light Years Beyond Tang And Freeze-Dried Ice Cream | Hackaday

        When it comes down to it, we humans have two major concerns when venturing away from home for an extended period of time: what we’ll eat, and where we will sleep. Depending on the mode of travel, you might take some snacks along, or else rely on restaurants and/or the pantry of your possible hosts. Until the day we can reliably grow many types of food in space, or that Milliways, that five-star eatery at the end of the universe is operational, astronauts and other space-bound travelers will have to bring most of their food with them.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Security

          • Security updates for Wednesday

            Security updates have been issued by Debian (firefox-esr, python-gnupg, resiprocate, and ruby-haml), Fedora (mod_auth_mellon), openSUSE (thunderbird), Slackware (wpa_supplicant), and SUSE (gegl).

    • Environment

      • Energy

        • Modern Toilet Generates Energy

          Environmental Engineering [Prof Jaeweon Cho] at South Korea’s Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology specializes in water and waste management. He has developed an energy-generating toilet called BeeVi (pronounced beevee) that recycles your waste in three ways. Liquid waste is processed in a microbial reaction tank to make a liquid fertilizer. Solid waste is pumped into an anaerobic digestion tank, which results in methane gas used to power a silicone oxide fuel cell to make electricity. The remaining solids are composted to make fertilizer. The daily waste from one person is about 500 g, which can generate about 50 L of methane.

    • Finance

      • How Education International is Pushing Teachers’ Unions into the 4th Industrial Revolution

        or nearly a hundred years, the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) and the National Education Association (NEA) – the two largest teachers’ unions in the United States – have cozied up to corporate foundations, such as the Rockefeller philanthropies and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, along with multinational technology companies, including IBM and Microsoft. After almost a century of cutting side deals with Robber Barons and Tech Barons alike, the AFT and the NEA are now parroting the Gates Foundation’s “Reimagine Education” campaign, which is being buoyed by the World Economic Forum (WEF) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Altogether, the AFT, the NEA, the WEF, and UNESCO are all “reimagining” a new post-human education system as they simultaneously push for ed-tech overhauls. As documented in my investigative series, “Teachnocracy,” these overhauls seek to privatize public schools through partnerships with Big Tech corporations that facilitate online “distance learning” to accommodate indefinite classroom health restrictions in a post-COVID world.

        In fact, the AFT and the NEA are tethered to the WEF and UNESCO through an entity known as Education International (EI). EI is a Global Union Federation (GUF) that combines “383 member organisations,” including the AFT and the NEA, and collaborates with the WEF and UNESCO. As the intermediary between America’s teachers’ unions and the WEF and UNESCO, EI has been galvanizing the AFT and the NEA into conformity with the “reimagine” ed-tech agendas of these global governance institutions. To put it bluntly, EI puppeteers the AFT and the NEA using marionette strings that are tied to the WEF and UNESCO. In turn, the AFT and the NEA, along with the other 381 member organizations belonging to EI, are being spurred to “reimagine” schools through corporate ed-tech innovations geared towards advancing the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) that is being accelerated by the WEF and the United Nations (UN) through the policy agendas collectively known as the “Great Reset.”

    • Monopolies

      • UKIPO unveils report highlighting influence of social media influencers (also) on the purchase of counterfeits

        Last week, the UK Intellectual Property Office (UKIPO) released an intriguing report measuring and analyzing (apparently for the first time) the influence that social media influencers exert on consumers also when it comes to purchasing counterfeits.

        [...]

        The UKIPO’s findings are based on a quantitative survey of 1,000 female (studies suggest that influencer marketing is “highly gendered”) consumers in the UK, aged 16 to 60 and who use social media at least once per week.

        In addition, the notion of ‘counterfeit’ was taken to refer to “items that look identical to a genuine product with or without the official branding/logo, but are not made by the brand and may be of lower quality, for example, a handbag of identical design to a “Chanel” with or without the Chanel logo.”

        While the majority (70%) of those who have knowingly purchased a counterfeit (17% of the surveyed consumers) are aged 16 to 33, 13% of the surveyed persons have their purchasing behaviour relating to counterfeits influenced by social media endorsements and 10% are prompted to buy counterfeits by social media endorsements. The most popular product categories for counterfeit shopping are fashion, accessories, jewellery, and beauty.

      • Patents

        • XIAOMI Case: Paris, the “New World” of FRAND – Kluwer Patent Blog [Ed: Patent extremist Matthieu Dhenne (Ipsilon), who keeps promoting a crime and a violation of European constitutions (UPC) by peddling fake news, is now pushing the FRAND scam, basically a patent fraud; it has been extremely easy to demonstrate the overlap between cheerleaders of EPO corruption, proponents and representatives of patent trolls, Team UPC, and ‘Team FRAND/SEP’]

          I have already mentioned on many occasions on this blog the difficulties that FRANDs were causing regarding the choice of jurisdiction and the increasingly favorable position of French Courts to SEPs holders. The two decisions rendered by the Paris High Court in the XIAOMI vs. PHILIPS case confirm this trend by holding that the Paris High Court has jurisdiction to set a global FRAND rate, as ETSI is in Nice, France (December 7, 2021, [RG 20/12558] and [RG 20/12558]). I will return below to the context of this decision, before referring to the decision itself and giving my comments on it.

        • The IPKat EPO Enlarged Board of Appeal (EBA) Year in Review 2021 [Ed: The EPO’s very own kangaroo court, which has not only harmed Europe but also the perception of patent justice and respect for constitutions]

          2021 has been year brimmed full with juicy case law from the Enlarged Board of Appeal (EBA). The biggest (or at least the most controversial) story of the year was the referral to the EBA on the legality of mandatory ViCo oral proceedings (G 1/21). This year also saw release of the EBA decision on double-patenting and a new referral on the thorny issue of plausibility and post-published evidence. As the year draws to a close, we also have news of a new referral to the EBA on the EPO’s co-applicant approach to priority.

        • The IPKat EPO Boards of Appeal (BA) Year in Review 2021 [Ed: Even the EPO’s former officials have blasted these tribunals, as they’re controlled by the very people whose illegal actions they’re meant to decide on]

          Following on from our IPKat EBA 2021 Year in Review, here is some more festive holiday reading on some of the important decisions to come out of the EPO Boards of Appeal this year. 2021 saw key decisions on claim supremacy, types of antibody claims, the data threshold for second medical use inventions and the AI inventor debate.

        • University of South Florida Research Foundation, Inc. v. Fujifilm Medical Systems U.S.A., Inc. (Fed. Cir. 2021) [Ed: The taxpayers pay for it, then it gets privatised with patents]

          The issue of standing can be outcome-determinative: without it, no matter how worthy a party’s position or arguments, a court will not consider them without standing. The vagaries of standing and its importance were illustrated this fall in the Federal Circuit’s opinion in University of South Florida Research Foundation, Inc. v. Fujifilm Medical Systems U.S.A., Inc.*

          The action arose over a dispute involving an invention described in the opinion as “Workstation-User Interface for Digital Mammography.” This invention was initially disclosed by faculty at the University of South Florida who assigned their rights to the University. A later assignment of what is presumably a “new and improved” version of the invention was assigned by these inventors five years later, leading to filing an application resulting in U.S. Patent No. 6,630,937, entitled “Workstation Interface for Use in Digital Mammography and Associated Methods.”

          The details of the relationship between the University and University of South Florida Research Foundation (USFRF) are obscured by redactions, but under a nunc pro tunc license agreement (putatively) relating to the ’937 patent between these Florida entities, the USFRF filed suit against Fujifilm for infringement.

        • SPC trends to watch in 2022: an EU review, the waiver, Article 3c [Ed: Imagine Managing IP actually asking for the opinions from people outside this price-fixing cartel (but those people are sponsoring this propaganda mill, which isn't a source of journalism but lobbying, with occasional fake news)]

          Pharma-focused in-house and law firm counsel highlight the most important supplementary protection certificate issues for next year

        • At the Drop-Bottom: Sanford v. Kepner, 344 U.S. 13 (1952).

          The USPTO interference sided with the first-filer Kepner and so Sanford took the case to Federal Court. Sanford argued (1) that Sanford should have priority as the first-to-invent and thus get the patent; and (2) even if Kepner gets priority, Kepner’s patent should still be invalidated based upon the prior art. (“Void for lack of invention.”) The Pennsylvania district court sided with the first-filer Kepner on priority grounds, and refused to decide the question of patentability. Sanford v. Kepner, 99 F. Supp. 221, 222 (M.D. Pa. 1951). On appeal, Sanford argued that the district court should have decided the validity question also, but the appellate court affirmed. Sanford v. Kepner, 195 F.2d 387, 390 (3d Cir. 1952). In particular, the 3rd Circuit explained that once the priority issues are decided, the plaintiff would need some additional justification to maintain standing: “some manifest threat … or interference with the activities of the petitioner beyond the issuance of a patent to another is required to create a controversy justiciable under the Declaratory Judgment Act.” Id. The Supreme Court then took up the case and again affirmed, with Justice Black writing a short opinion for a unanimous court. Sanford v. Kepner, 344 U.S. 13 (1952).

        • FOSS Patents: Daimler takes Avanci patent license–all major German car makers now Avanci-licensed, but Volkswagen only up to 3G

          Germany’s leading business weekly, Wirtschaftswoche, has just been first (and I might still be second) to report that Daimler has finally taken a standard-essential patent (SEP) license from the Avanci pool, whose licensors include Qualcomm, Nokia, Ericsson as well as dozens of other companies from around the globe.

          If you can’t beat’em, join’em.

          It was actually Avanci’s approach of licensing the end product–the vehicle as opposed to a component thereof–which Daimler had originally rejected. As a result, the Nokia v. Daimler patent infringement dispute lasted more than two years and ended in a bilateral (just Nokia and Daimler) license agreement that was announced on June 1, 2021. Daimler had also brought an EU antitrust complaint (over Nokia’s refusal to grant Daimler’s suppliers an exhaustive SEP license) that it withdrew after the settlement.

          Prior to settling with Nokia, Daimler had already taken bilateral licenses from Japanese electronics giant Sharp and non-practicing entity Conversant Wireless. All those companies–plus Japan’s IP Bridge–had sued Daimler in Germany over patent infringements. And all of them are among the Avanci pool’s more than three dozen licensors.

          [...]

          C-level interest in IP differs greatly between the automotive industry and Big Tech. Big Tech CEOs have subscribed to this blog and the related Twitter account, but I’m not aware of the top brass of automotive companies ever having subscribed to FOSS Patents.

          As Daimler’s Avanci license shows, the automotive industry has to come to terms with the fact that major wireless companies are now in the position to impose their preferred business models on car makers, no matter how much the auto industry may point to century-old traditions regarding their supply chains and what have you.

          The battle over the business model is practically over. Daimler’s legal fees are a sunk cost, and its financial controllers will be crying tears. What all car makers–above all, Volkswagen–need to reflect on now is how to achieve the best results possible under a framework that wasn’t their first choice, but which has simply prevailed. They’ve all learned a few lessons in recent years–and they’ve paid their tuition fees. The problem they face is that the world around them is changing faster than their organizations can adjust. Increasingly they’re going to face competition from companies that hold SEPs, such as Apple, Google, or Xiaomi. In times of transformation, leadership from the very top of those organizations is needed. Otherwise the only beneficiaries will continue to be patent litigation firms.

        • European Patent Office ruling on indoor farming patent published [Ed: EPO once again admitting that it granted fake patents for the sake of faking growth. This has profound impact on everybody.]

          The European Patent Office this week published its decision revoking a previously granted patent on indoor farming. PlantLab, which owned patent EP2348841, and Certhon together with partner Signify have been fighting a legal battle over the patent for years.

          Last month, when the decision was made, both parties responded.

          John van der Sande, Chief Innovation Officer at Certhon, commented, “The fact that the European patent on indoor farming is not valid is, as we indicated earlier, a victory for the entire industry.”

        • Software Patents

          • E-Mail Read Status Indication: Non-Technical [Ed: Preston Richard from the software patents boosters at Bardehle Pagenberg (promoting illegal agenda at the EPO)]

            This decision relates to a European patent application that concerns displaying e-mail messages with E-mail read status indication. The Board decided that the rule defining when the flag is to be switched is not based on any technical considerations as it reflects an administrative choice or the user’s subjective preferences. Here are the practical takeaways from the decision T 1227/17 (E-mail read status indication/UNIFY) of November 19, 2021, of Technical Board of Appeal 3.5.01:

      • Trademarks

        • On Remand from the CAFC, TTAB Denies Petition for Cancellation of “NAKED” Registration for Condoms

          The NAKED condom case returned to the TTAB after a CAFC reversal [TTABlogged here] and the Supreme Court’s denial of the registrant’s petition for writ of certiorari (September 2021). The CAFC ruled that the Board erred in concluding that Petitioner Australian Therapeutic lacked “standing” to bring its petition for cancellation, pointing out that a petitioner need not have a proprietary interest in a mark to have standing. On remand, the Board has denied all three of Australian’s claims: Section 2(d) likelihood of confusion (due to lack of proprietary rights in its purported marks NAKED and NAKED CONDOMS), lack of bona fide intent, and Section 2(a) false suggestion of a connection. Australian Therapeutic Supplies Pty. Ltd. v. Naked TM, LLC, Cancellation No. 92056381 (December 16, 2021) [not precedential] (Opinion by Judge Marc A. Bergsman).

      • Copyrights

        • Misbeliefs must not derail Hong Kong SAR copyright reform [Ed: Stop calling copyright law "IP regime" and other such nonsense; also, stop suggesting that rejection of patent and copyright maximalists/extremists means you "fall behind other major jurisdictions" (this 'domino bricks' strategy, which relies on blackmail by shaming, is used by malicious cartels]

          Sources say proposed amendments to the region’s copyright law are necessary to ensure that its IP regime doesn’t fall behind other major jurisdictions

Links 29/12/2021: Linux 5.17 Work and 2021 Roundups

Posted in News Roundup at 4:40 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • Linux 5.17 Prepares To Finally Support The Adreno 506, Other MSM DRM Changes – Phoronix

        The MSM Direct Rendering Manager driver providing the open-source kernel display/graphics support for Qualcomm Adreno hardware has ready its batch of changes for DRM-Next to appear in Linux 5.17.

        The MSM DRM driver updates for Linux 5.17 includes support for the Qualcomm Adreno 506. The Adreno 506 is an aging Qualcomm 5xx design used by the Snapdragon 450, 625, 626, and 632 SoCs. There was previously some A506 display preparations in Linux 5.16 while now for 5.17 the support appears to be ready to go in full. Separately, this pull request also includes DisplayPort support introduced for Snapdragon SC7280 Chromebook boards.

      • Intel Readies “PFRUT” For Linux 5.17 To Allow Updating System Firmware Without Rebooting – Phoronix

        Intel open-source engineers have prepared “PFRUT” support for Platform Firmware Runtime Updates for allowing (U)EFI capsule updates to be performed on capable systems without rebooting the system in order to eliminate downtime.

        Intel has worked on PFRUT that is now part of the ACPI specification for allowing platform firmware components to be updated on-the-fly without the need to restart the system. The intent of this is for servers where they need to be “available 100% of the time” and other cases where downtime must be kept to an aboslute minimum. This “pfr_update” driver set for Linux 5.17 introduction seems to be primarily geared for being able to update system firmware in cases of critical bugs or security issues in a timely manner while not introducing any new downtime.

    • Benchmarks

      • AMD Ryzen APUs Get A Free Performance Boost With Linux 5.16, Up To 28% Improvement

        This is definitely great news for AMD Ryzen APU notebook owners and it looks like it is definitely worth upgrading to the latest Linux 5.16 Kernel as there are only gains to be made. There are benchmarks that don’t see a huge performance jump but they also don’t have a performance regression over the previous Linux Kernels so overall, it’s a win-win situation for Ryzen owners. A stable release of the Linux 5.16 Kernel is expected to be released on the 9th of January.

      • OS and Memory Impact on Mini PC Gaming Performance – CNX Software

        Gaming performance may differ between Windows and Linux so the choice of OS will likely depend on whether the desired games have ‘native’ versions or are supported by an appropriate compatibility layer.

        However, increasing the memory appears to improve gaming performance on AMD mini PCs with notable FPS increments especially under Windows whereas no perceptible improvements were observed on Intel mini PCs. Whether these findings justify the extra expense of purchasing more memory is debatable. However, if you have it available it makes sense to use it.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to Install or Enable Cockpit on CentOS 8 Stream – LinuxCapable

        Cockpit is a free remote server manager that is lightweight and easy to use for GNU/Linux servers. Cockpit is a web-based graphical interface for servers intended for people new to Linux to the experts such as sysadmins. Cockpit makes Linux discoverable, allowing anyone using the software to perform tasks such as start containers, administer storage, configure networks, and inspect logs.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install or enable Cockpit on CentOS 8 Stream.

      • How to Install Rust on CentOS 8 Stream – LinuxCapable

        Rust is an open-source programming language that focuses on speed, memory safety, and parallelism. Developers use Rust to create a wide range of new software applications, such as game engines, operating systems, file systems, browser components, and simulation engines for virtual reality. Rust is syntactically similar to C++ but can guarantee memory safety by using a borrow checker for validating references.

        For users, especially developers wanting to try out Rust Programming language, you will know how to install Rust Programming Language on CentOS 8 Stream.

      • Fix “Starting full system upgrade. there is nothing to do” Issue In Arch Linux – OSTechNix

        I recently noticed that my Arch Linux desktop system will not update/upgrade to the latest version. I thought there wasn’t any new updates yet. I visited Arch Linux website and noticed that there are plenty of updates are already available. But, whenever I try to update my Arch Linux system, I keep getting the following message every time.

      • How to Install Git on CentOS 8 Stream – LinuxCapable

        Git is a mature, actively maintained open source project initially developed in 2005 by Linus Torvalds, the famous Linux operating system kernel creator. Git is designed for developers that need a pretty straightforward version control system. Most software is collaborative efforts and sometimes can have hundreds of people with commits working on software development projects. It is essential to track these commits customarily done in branches in most projects before being merged into the master for release. It is easy to review and track down any incorrect commits and revert, leading to a much easier development if anything goes wrong.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install Git on CentOS 8 Stream in various methods.

      • Enable PowerTools Repository on CentOS 8 Stream – LinuxCapable

        The PowerTools repository is a container that contains many packages, libraries, and developer tools for either creating from source or installing applications. Most repositories rely on the PowerTools to be enabled, including the most popular Extra packages for the Enterprise Linux repository.

        In the following tutorial, you will quickly install the EPEL repository and enable PowerTools on your CentOS 8 Stream system.

      • How To Install MongoDB on Fedora 35 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install MongoDB on Fedora 35. For those of you who didn’t know, MongoDB is a free and open-source document database designed for ease of application development and scaling. It is classified as a NoSQL database and thus it stores data in flexible, JSON-like documents, meaning fields can vary from document to document and data structure can be changed over time.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the MongoDB NoSQL database program on a Fedora 35.

      • How to install NGINX on NetBSD? | LibreByte

        NGINX is a web server with excellent performance and low memory footprint. NGINX can also be used as a reverse proxy (FastCGI, Apache, uWSGI), as a proxy for mail protocols (IMAP, POP3) and as a load balancer.

      • How to Install WordPress on AlmaLinux – ThisHosting.Rocks

        In this tutorial, we’ll show you how to install WordPress on AlmaLinux with a LEMP stack.

        AlmaLinux is a relatively new Linux distro – an alternative to the old CentOS. It’s an RHEL clone, a downstream build, run by the community, and it’s free. You can easily migrate from CentOS to AlmaLinux using their tools. You can already get an AlmaLinux VPS at some hosting providers like Linode and Vultr.

      • How to Install Apache (HTTPD) on openSUSE Leap 15

        Apache, also known as Apache HTTP server, has been one of the most widely used web server applications globally for the past few decades. It is a free and open-source web application software maintained by the Apache Software Foundation. Apache provides some powerful features with dynamically loadable modules, easy integration with other software, and handling of static files, among other popular features.

        In the tutorial, you will learn how to install and configure Apache (HTTPD) on openSUSE Leap 15 with a free TLS/SSL certificate from Let’s Encrypt.

      • How To Install pgAdmin 4 On Debian 11 – Citizix

        PGAdmin is a web-based GUI tool used to interact with the Postgres database sessions, both locally and remote servers as well. It is an open-source, powerful, and feature-rich graphical user interface (GUI) administration and management tool for the PostgreSQL database. It provides a powerful user interface that enables you to easily create, manage, maintain and use database objects, by both beginners and experienced Postgres users alike.

        pgAdmin 4 supports PostgreSQL 9.2 or later, and runs on Unix and its variants such as Linux, Mac OS X as well as Windows operating systems.

        In this article, we will learn how to install pgadmin 4 on Debian 11 server. This guide assumes that you already have Postgres 9.2 installed and set up. If not checkout How to Install and Configure Postgres 14 on Debian 11

      • Getting Started with Flutter on Linux Desktop

        Software development is moving to better milestones thanks to Google’s effort in creating open-source UI software applications like Flutter. Flutter’s footprints are applicable in the development of numerous cross-platform applications by referencing a single codebase.

        So whether your apps target Windows, Linux, Mac, iOS, and Android users or those used to web platforms, Flutter will natively compile and build the perfect app for your target audience.

      • How to install EmulationStation on Linux | FOSS Linux

        EmulationStation is a frontend for emulators that gives a GUI (Graphical User Interface) to access all favorite games. It is the frontend for the widely known RetroPie projects that comes pre-configured with more than 30 different emulators for distinct platforms.

        In this article guide, we shall cover the installation process of the EmulationStation on your Linux OS.

      • How to Install Open VM Tools on Debian 10 / 11 – LinuxCapable

        Sometimes you may want to install Debian desktop or server on a virtual machine. However, you may have realized that communication between the host and the VM machine doesn’t exist. Luckily, many distributions now carry the open-source VM tools that can be used for many of the most popular Virtual Machine products such as VMware.

        In the following small tutorial, you will learn how to install these tools on your Debian 10 Buster or Debian 11 Bullseye server or desktop environment.

      • How to install TimescaleDB on Ubuntu 20.04 – VITUX

        If you are looking for a database for analyzing time series data, TimescaleDB might be the best option. TimescaleDB is based on PostgreSQL, but is tuned for speed and scalability when it comes to analyze time series data. It is an open source and free database system provided by the PostgreSQL developers. This database system is very useful when using a real-time monitoring system and a system that requires time series data. In this article we will learn how to install and configure TimescaleDB with PostgreSQL on Ubuntu 20.04.

      • [Updated] Install LXC (Linux Containers) in RHEL, Rocky & AlmaLinux

        LXD is described as the next-generation container and virtual machine manager that offers an immersive for Linux systems running inside containers or as virtual machines.

        It provides images for an inordinate number of Linux distributions with support for a wide selection of storage backends and network types. It also provides the option of installing the images on an individual PC/laptop and even on a cloud instance.

        LXD allows you to manage containers and VMs using three ways. You can leverage the lxc client or command-line tool, a REST API, or even third-party integrations.

      • How to install and use the Exa command on Ubuntu 20.04 – Unixcop the Unix / Linux the admins deams

        Hello, friends. In this post, you will learn how to install the Exa command on Ubuntu 20.04. This command adds functionality to another command known throughout Linux as ls So, let’s get started.

      • How to install Kdenlive 18.12 on a Chromebook

        Today we are looking at how to install Kdenlive 18.12 on a Chromebook. Please follow the video/audio guide as a tutorial where we explain the process step by step and use the commands below.

      • How to install MEGAsync on Elementary OS 6.0 – Invidious

        In this video, we are looking at how to install MEGAsync on Elementary OS 6.0.

      • Arch Linux: Always install software without asking
      • How to get the most out of a 3D printer on Linux with SuperSlicer

        SuperSlicer is an open-source fork of the PrusaSlicer application. It works quickly and efficiently and can help you get the most out of your 3D printer. Here’s how to use SuperSlicer on your Linux PC.

      • How to prepare a 3D model for printing on Linux with Cura

        SuperSlicer is an open-source fork of the PrusaSlicer application. It works quickly and efficiently and can help you get the most out of your 3D printer.

    • Games

      • Our Game Picks on Linux for 2021 (including VR) – Boiling Steam

        As is customary every year for us here at Boiling Steam, we got together to list our game picks of 2021 on Linux. Note that most of these games are available on Steam and as such, will likely be on sale during the Steam Winter Sale. If it is, we will add a link to the Steam store page and mention the percentage off (we’ll also let you know if there’s a native Linux version available).

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Twelve Months of Open Source in 2021 – Copyleft Currents

        With year two of the COVID era drawing to a close, here is a look back on some of the most interesting open source developments of 2021. Let’s hope the new Omicron wave of working from home creates some amazing new projects — and ends soon.

      • Funding

        • Lunduke’s ‘Tux on Tour’ NFT Campaign for Funding Open Source Projects

          Brian Lunduke, the “Linux Sucks” guy who was once known as “The Linux Tycoon” (a moniker he swears wasn’t his idea), has come up with a way to harness the non-fungible token craze for the good of Linux and open source.

          With tongue only partly in cheek, he announced on The Lunduke Journal of Technology on Monday that he has launched a “Tux on Tour” campaign to raise money for Linux and open source projects.

      • Programming/Development

        • glibc is still not Y2038 compliant by default – Ariadne’s Space

          Most of my readers are probably aware of the Y2038 issue by now. If not, it refers to 3:14:07 UTC on January 19, 2038, when 32-bit time_t will overflow. The Linux kernel has internally switched to 64-bit timekeeping several years ago, and Alpine made the jump to 64-bit time_t with the release of Alpine 3.13.

          In the GNU/Linux world, the GNU libc started to support 64-bit time_t in version 2.34. Unfortunately for the rest of us, the approach they have used to support 64-bit time_t is technically deficient, following in the footsteps of other never-fully-completed transitions.

        • Perl/Raku

          • Draft: Dancer2 Deprecation Policy

            The Dancer Core Team has done our best to look at this every which way and cover all potential issues and use cases, but we’re sure to have missed something here or there. So take a look and let us know. Your feedback is welcome – please add comments, feedback, and suggestions on the issue.

        • Shell/Bash/Zsh/Ksh

          • A Guide to Zsh Expansion with Examples

            Zsh is particularly powerful when you need some good old expansions. It supports common ones used by Bash too, and add many flags and modifiers on top. It comes in handy to manipulate quickly your commands without writing boring shell scripts.

            We’ll see, in this article, what we can do with Zsh expansions, and more specifically:

            How to use glob operators and globbing flags.

            What glob qualifiers we can use to expand filenames.

            How to expand the Zsh history and how to modify these expansions.

            How to expand parameters, using modifiers and flags.

        • Java

  • Leftovers

    • A Grope In Meta’s Space

      Horizon Worlds is a VR (virtual reality) social space and world building game created by Facebook. In early December, a beta tester wrote about being virtually groped by another Horizon Worlds user. A few weeks later, The Verge and other outlets published stories about the incident. However, their coverage omits key details from the victim’s account. As a result, it presents the assault as a failure of user operated moderation tools rather than the limits of top-down moderation. Nevertheless, this VR groping illustrates the difficulty of moderating VR, and the enduring value of tools that let users solve problems for themselves.

    • Ruralist Lament: A Cold Reality

      That’s changed. Vanishingly small numbers of people still farm, and whatever relative security or independence citizens can attain is now based on the whim of fickle employers. Workers are supposed to gain “skills” which can produce profits for hedge-funders single-mindedly focused on “efficiency.” That means getting the “workforce” to do more for less.

      Kids in our downwardly-mobile society are encouraged to become “employable” and even at the collegiate level the idea of exploring the world of ideas, history and philosophy——still common through the mid-20th century —— is increasingly outmoded.

    • Opinion | Yes, There Were 10 Good Things About 2021

      This year, 2021, began with a huge sense of relief as Trump left office. We hoped to emerge from the ravages of COVID, pass a hefty Build Back Better (BBB) bill, and make significant cuts to the Pentagon budget. But, alas, we faced a January 6 white nationalist insurrection, two new COVID mutations, a sliced-and-diced BBB bill that didn’t pass, and a Pentagon budget that actually INCREASED! 

    • Forever Homeless

      Before my long travel, I pack my suitcases, stuff them with some sand from our land, some scent from my mother’s kitchen and sounds of birds in the morning.

      And in my pockets, I put the four directions. My hands are the compass.

    • Another Name for America Is Time
    • Yes, There Were 10 Good Things About 2021

      This year, 2021, began with a huge sense of relief as Trump left office. We hoped to emerge from the ravages of COVID, pass a hefty Build Back Better (BBB) bill, and make significant cuts to the Pentagon budget. But, alas, we faced a January 6 white nationalist insurrection, two new COVID mutations, a sliced-and-diced BBB bill that didn’t pass, and a Pentagon budget that actually INCREASED!

    • “People Have the Power”: Poet & Singer Patti Smith Awarded Key to New York City

      Legendary poet, singer, author and activist Patti Smith has been awarded a key to New York City. Smith’s music has inspired countless bands and helped earn her the title of the queen of punk. Her song “People Have the Power” has become an anthem at protests across the globe. Patti Smith has also been a longtime activist, performing regularly at antiwar rallies and political benefits. She gave an emotional acceptance speech during a ceremony Monday with outgoing New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio. We also air a clip of her live performance with singer Michael Stipe at Democracy Now!’s 20th anniversary celebration in 2016.

    • Bing stops accepting Sitemap pings, switch to IndexNow instead

      The Microsoft Bing search engine has quietly stopped accepting XML Sitemap pings over the holiday break. XML Sitemaps are a structured data format that contains a list of a website’s primary pages. Websites can proactively ping search engines when they publish changes to request that the search engine come and index their new pages.

      Sometime between December 14th and 22nd, Bing stopped accepting new ping submissions to its XML Sitemap Ping service. The API endpoint at bing.com/ping now returns an HTTP 410 Gone error message. The error message suggests deliberation and permanence (as opposed to an intermittent problem (HTTP 500) or an HTTP 404 Not Found).

    • Hardware

      • 1950s Vacuum Tube Computer Replica Communicates Through USB | Hackaday

        When we talk about a “computer” today, we generally picture an electronic machine that can perform various kinds of mathematical operations, manage its program flow, move data from one place to another, and string all these functions together to perform some useful task. But once upon a time there were machines that could perform only a subset of these functions; these might be classified somewhere between computers and calculators.

        One such machine was the Elektronensaldierer ES 24, built in 1955 by German computer pioneer Heinz Nixdorf. Its name translates as “electronic balancer”, with “balance” in the accounting sense meaning the difference of assets and liabilities. Designed to interface with a punch card machine from French manufacturer Bull, it contained several hundred vacuum tubes and could be used to add and subtract numbers stored on those punch cards.

      • Clear Off The Coffee Table, It’s Pinball Time | Hackaday

        [BuildXYZ] started by building a pintisserie, which is exactly what it sounds like — a rotating barbecue spit for a pinball machine’s guts that makes it a breeze to work on. This maintenance-friendliness reappears in the new cabinet design, where the circuit boards are screwed to a pair of drawers.

        No, you don’t have to play it flat. But you do have to clear off the top before pressing Start, because a pair of mini industrial linear actuators raise the back end by 5-7° depending on the setting. We were a little sad about the lack of plunger, but [BuildXYZ] is right — it would knock at your kneecaps. On the bright side, [BuildXYZ] reused the ‘free ball’ solenoid as the ball launcher, which is driven by that shiny metal button. Again, be sure to check it out after the break.

      • Enter The Matrix With This Custom PC Side Panel | Hackaday

        All of the LEDs are connected to a NodeMCU ESP8266 by way of a 74AHCT125 level-shifter, though [Will] notes you could certainly use a different microcontroller with some tweaks to the code. As it stands, the user selects from various lighting patterns using two potentiometers and a button that have been mounted next to the panel. But if you were so inclined, it certainly wouldn’t take much to adapt the firmware so that the lighting effects could be triggered from the PC.

      • UV Printing PCBs | Hackaday

        We always enjoy [Thomas Sanladerer’s] 3D printing videos. But his latest isn’t only about 3D printing. He shows how he uses a DLP printer — which has UV light, after all — to expose PC board blanks with great results. Honestly, once we heard the idea, we immediately saw how that could work it is surprising more people aren’t taking advantage of their DLP printers like that. Of course, [Thomas] does his usual thorough treatment of the topic.

        Really, this isn’t exactly 3D printing even though it uses a 3D printer. Exposing boards with UV light and artwork is an old process that has been around for years, usually using transparency film and a UV light source. With a printer, you can create artwork digitally and the UV light source is already there.

        We liked his test strip method for dialing in the exposure time. Reminded us of our old darkroom days. He also tried using resin as a resist on a bare copper board but that didn’t seem to work as well as you would hope.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • Plague Doctors’ Bacchanal
      • A Socialist Defense of Vaccine Mandates

        The reason I support vaccine mandates is that all policies are in a vacuum. It may very well be a violation of certain freedom to mandate vaccines and in a socialist utopia on our horizon we would not have a profit making machine that creates pandemics nor would we have an authoritarian state to mandate treatment for them by profit-making companies. But in our world, where our immediate choices are capitalism with vaccines and capitalism without vaccines I’ll take the former.

        Our lives aren’t free under the current tyranny of the employer-employee relationship, according to Mr. Wolff. He’s correct. What’s one more unfreedom to add to the list when it saves the lives of the working class?

      • They Were the Pandemic’s Perfect Victims

        By the time Cheryl Cosey learned she had COVID-19, she had gone three days without dialysis — a day and a half more than she usually waited between appointments. She worried how much longer she could wait before going without her life-saving treatments would kill her.

        The 58-year-old Cosey was a dialysis technician for years before she herself was diagnosed with end-stage renal disease. After that, she usually took a medical transport van to a dialysis facility three days a week. There, she sat with other patients for hours in the same kind of cushioned chairs where she’d prepped her own patients, connected to machines that drew out their blood, filtered it for toxins, then pumped it back into their fatigued bodies.

      • Your Free-Range Organic Chicken May Have Been Processed at a Large Industrial Poultry Plant

        Americans who want to buy the safest chicken and turkey have had little to go on beyond brand names and labels.

        But those don’t tell the whole story, as we learned from the readers who’ve used our Chicken Checker app.

      • ‘Alarming’ Levels of ‘Forever Chemicals’ Found in Water Near US Bases in Okinawa

        As the U.S. military continues construction of a controversial new base at Henoko Bay, Okinawa, the recent discovery of extreme levels of highly toxic “forever chemicals” in local waterways and groundwater has renewed long-standing opposition to the American occupation of large portions of the Japanese archipelago.

        “Imagine the uproar if China were responsible for this PFOS contamination. But since the U.S. is to blame, it will be swept under the rug.”

      • Opinion | Dangerous Petroleum-Contaminated Water Threatens Thousands in Hawai’i

        On Friday, December 24, I went to Aliamanu Military Reservation at Red Hill housing area which is located above the entryway into the main tunnel that leads into the U.S. Navy’s deep, massive, leaking 80-year-old Red Hill underground jet fuel storage tanks complex. These tanks are only 100 feet above the main aquifer of drinking water for 400,000, half the population of the island of O’ahu, Hawai’i.

      • New Business-Friendly CDC Guidance on Isolation for People With Covid-19 Is ‘Reckless,’ Experts Say

        Workers’ rights advocates accused the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of putting business interests ahead of public health Tuesday after the agency released new guidelines for asymptomatic Americans with Covid-19, while experts expressed concern that the guidance will result in confusion and more transmission of the disease.

        The CDC announced late Monday that instead of isolating at home for 10 days, people who contract the coronavirus will be advised to isolate for five days immediately after testing positive. If the person is asymptomatic after five days f, they may return to work, school, and other activities but should wear a mask everywhere, including at home if they live with others, for five more days.

      • CDC’s Covid-19 Vaccine Push Threatens Americans With Exorbitant Hospital Bills

        The latest push by the U.S. government to encourage Americans to get vaccinated against Covid-19 took on a “dark and dystopian” appearance, healthcare advocates said Tuesday, after the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released an ad warning those who are hospitalized could face exorbitant medical bills.

        “Only in the United States could the government run a public health campaign centered on fears of large, unexpected medical bills,” tweeted Sarah Kliff, a health policy reporter for the New York Times.

      • There’s a giant, mysterious gap in the omicron variant’s family tree

        First, note that mutations are, to some degree, expected of a virus. As the novel coronavirus began to lose battle after battle to human immune systems and due to human ingenuity (vaccines), the “survivor” viruses tended to be the ones that mutated to effectively ward off human efforts at immunity. Those survivors then pass those traits to the offspring viruses it creates through replication. Thanks to genetic technology, researchers have been able to study those mutant strains and learn about SARS-CoV-2′s “family tree,” so to speak — that is, the relationship between all the variants that stemmed from one another.

        Here’s where it gets weird. There is a big gap in the omicron variant’s timeline.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Alexa tells 10-year-old girl to touch live plug with penny

          The dangerous activity, known as “the penny challenge”, began circulating on TikTok and other social media websites about a year ago.

        • Security

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • In 2021, We Told Apple: Don’t Scan Our Phones

              In August, Apple made a startling announcement: the company would be installing scanning software on all of its devices, which would inspect users’ private photos in iCloud and iMessage. 

              This scanning software, intended to protect children online, effectively abandoned Apple’s once-famous commitment to security and privacy. Apple has historically been a champion of encryption, a feature that would have been undermined by its proposed scanning software. But after years of pressure from law enforcement agencies in the U.S. and abroad, it appears that Apple was ready to cave and provide a backdoor to users’ private data, at least when it comes to photos stored on their phones. 

              At EFF, we called out the danger of this plan the same day it was made public. There is simply no way to apply something like “client-side scanning” and still meet promises to users regarding privacy. 

            • AT&T Exits The Ad Business As Merger Ambitions Continue To Unravel

              We’ve noted for years how U.S. telecom giants aren’t particularly competent when it comes to wandering outside of their core competencies (building and running networks, lobbying the government to hamstring competitors). As government pampered regional monopolies who haven’t had to try particularly hard for decades, stuff like competition, innovation, adaptation, and creativity are often alien constructs.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • USAID Is Running Out of Money for COVID Vaccines While Pentagon Got $778 Billion
      • Ukrainians Are Far From Unified on NATO. Let Them Decide for Themselves.
      • Daunte Wright’s Family Gets Accountability, if Not Justice

        Brooklyn Center, Minn.—It was a typical Sunday afternoon, and Daunte Wright was driving with his girlfriend, Alayna Albrecht-Payton, in this Minneapolis suburb to get his white Buick LaCrosse cleaned. The 20-year-old Black man had just left his parents’ house after his mother, Katie Bryant, gave him $50 for gas and a car wash.

      • LAPD Releases Footage From Police Killing of Valentina Orellana-Peralta
      • The LAPD Murder of a 14-Year-Old Girl

        I don’t care what kinds of excuses are made by the cop or cops who fired shots, one of which tore away this young girl’s life as her horrified mother had to watch and desperately try to save her. There is simply no possible justification for firing police guns in a crowded store.

        I cannot even bear to try and imagine the agony her family is now suffering, especially listening to the tired police excuses and lame platitudes that always accompany such all too frequent monstrous acts by America’s centurions.

      • LAPD Releases Footage From Police Killing of 14-Year-Old Girl

        The Los Angeles Police Department released video footage Monday showing the moment when an officer fatally shot 14-year-old Valentina Orellana-Peralta while firing three rifle rounds at an assault suspect inside a Burlington Coat Factory store in North Hollywood.

        Orellana-Peralta was with her mother trying on clothes in a Burlington dressing room on Thursday when she was shot and killed by an officer whose name has yet to be released by the LAPD. Police said Monday that a bullet bounced off the floor and went through the wall of the dressing room.

      • Former US Intelligence Analysts Sued For Hacking A Saudi Activist’s Phone On Behalf Of The United Arab Emirates

        In early 2019, a whistleblower revealed some ugliness emanating from the United Arab Emirates: former NSA analysts working for a private company hired to perform counterterrorism work for the government were spying on journalists, activists, and the occasional American citizen on behalf of their royal benefactors.

      • UN Envoy Warns ‘Threat to Civilian Lives Is Increasing’ in Yemen

        A United Nations special envoy on Tuesday raised alarm about the safety of civilians in war-torn Yemen given escalating violence, including airstrikes by the Saudi-led coalition.

        “Airstrikes on Sanaa have resulted in loss of civilian lives, and damaged civilian infrastructure and residential areas.”

      • Fox News host’s ‘kill shot’ comment about Dr. Fauci was not harmless

        We are all far too accustomed to the crude tone and tenor of public discourse. Many media experts will tell you that there is an emphasis on sound bites and clickbait — the more odd and ostentatious the better. That’s nothing new.

        In that ocntext, one may be almost tempted to dismiss Fox News host Jesse Watters and his comments offered up at the expense of Dr. Anthony Fauci as one of the latest examples of such crudeness in our culture war.

      • Afghan women protest against ‘Taliban killings’ of ex-soldiers

        Around 30 women gathered near a mosque in the centre of Kabul and marched a few hundred metres chanting “justice, justice” before they were stopped by Taliban forces, an AFP correspondent saw.

        The Taliban also tried to prevent journalists from covering the march, organised against the “mysterious murders of young people, particularly the country’s former soldiers”, according to social media invitations.

        Taliban fighters briefly detained a group of reporters and confiscated equipment from some photographers, deleting images from their cameras before returning them.

    • Environment

      • Opinion | Biden Owes Voters Climate Action on Auto Pollution

        President Biden was right when he said global warming is an existential threat. That’s why it’s so disappointing that his administration produced auto-pollution rules that are a speed bump on the road to the climate precipice, right when we need a U-turn.

      • It Is ‘Strange,’ Says Greta Thunberg, That Biden Is Seen as a Climate Leader

        In an interview published in The Washington Post Magazine on Monday, Swedish activist Greta Thunberg said it is “strange” that some consider U.S. President Joe Biden a climate leader even as his administration fails to take the ambitious steps necessary to tackle the intensifying planetary crisis.

        When asked whether she is “inspired” by Biden or other world leaders, Thunberg pointed out that “the U.S. is actually expanding fossil fuel infrastructure” under the current administration.

      • Russian Green Deal: Light at the End of the Tunnel?

        “Before this year, Russia was rather skeptical about climate change and the role of people in climate change,” reports Tatiana Lanshina. “But this year, the official rhetoric actually changed a bit.”

        One reason for that shift in rhetoric was the very real impact of climate change on Russia over the last year. Flames consumed huge stretches of Siberian forest over the summer in what turned out to be a record year for wildfires. Flooding in southern agricultural regions disrupted farming which, combined with droughts elsewhere, has threatened the country’s food security.

      • Energy

        • ‘Big Win’ as Shell Ordered to Stop Seismic Blasting Along South African Coast

          Conservationists and impacted communities celebrated Tuesday after a South African court blocked Shell’s seismic exploration for oil and gas along the country’s Wild Coast, which critics argued endangered marine life and the livelihoods of local fishers.

          “The case has huge significance in that it shows that no matter how big a company is, it ignores local communities at its peril.”

    • Finance

      • There Was No Union. There Was No Plan.

        Although questions remain about the deaths of six workers at the Amazon warehouse in Edwardsville, Ill., we do know one thing: While extreme weather events are rare (although becoming increasingly less so), safety problems at Amazon are terribly common. Its facilities are massive, the pace of the order fulfillment process is punishing, and many buildings are not climate-controlled. Turnover and injury rates are high. According to OSHA data from 2020, for every 200,000 hours worked at an Amazon warehouse in the United States, there were 5.9 serious accidents, which is close to double the rate of non-Amazon warehouses—higher than construction, coal mining, and most manufacturing. A 2020 study by Reveal, based on three years of weekly data, found that the Edwardsville warehouse had an injury rate of 9.5 in 2018 and 6.6 in 2019.

      • ‘Let’s Win This Thing!’: Major Philly Union Endorses PA State Senate Candidate Paul Prescod

        One of Philadelphia’s biggest unions has endorsed Paul Prescod, a progressive Democratic candidate for Pennsylvania’s 8th Senate District, joining a growing list of working-class advocates backing the campaign of the educator and longtime labor movement organizer.

        “I will be willing to take on the wealthy interests that are getting in the way of the future we deserve.”

      • How Can Workers in “The Great Resignation” Harness Leverage Long-Term?
      • Why Democrats Started Fixating on Inflation

        Republicans, along with some prominent right-wing Democrats, have been hammering the Biden administration over rising food and gas prices for months. In November, when the Labor Department announced that consumer prices had risen 6.2 percent from October 2020 to October 2021, the Republican National Committee tweeted, “Bidenflation is hurting working Americans all over the country.” Corporate media outlets are boosting this line of attack, from a viral CNN segment about a family that buys 12 gallons of milk a week to the downright false claims that inflation is being driven by the Covid-19 stimulus package that passed in March or by rising wages for the working class.

      • The Real Antidote to Inflation

        Even more at risk are the small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) that are the backbone of the productive economy, companies that need bank credit to survive. In 2020, 200,000 more U.S. businesses closed than in normal pre-pandemic years. SMEs targeted as “nonessential” were restricted in their ability to conduct business, while the large international corporations remained open. Raising interest rates on the surviving SMEs could be the final blow.

        Cut Demand or Increase Supply?

      • Proposed EU directive targets shell companies after Pandora Papers exposed offshore system abuses
    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • A Way Out

        In July 2016, Hillary Clinton’s presidential campaign released an ad titled “Role Models.” It starts off with what appear to be exterior shots of a single-family home in the rural Midwest and then of an inner-city rowhouse. Next we see children, representing numerous target demographics, watching TV inside dimly lit living rooms as candidate Donald Trump’s voice emanates from a bright screen. Some of his greatest hits ensue: “I could stand in the middle of Fifth Avenue and shoot somebody and not lose any voters, OK?

        It’s like incredible!” and “Blood coming out of her… wherever.” As the children’s innocent faces are illuminated by the on-screen Trump mid-sound-bite, we are meant to be aghast, worried about their moral development (and maybe also their eyesight). However, by the time “You can tell them to go [bleep] themselves” rolled around, I remember thinking to myself, “This is a terrible commercial, at least if it’s meant as an attack ad. Everyone I know has someone they want to tell to go fuck themselves. What stops us? We need the job, the favor, the reference, the free babysitting from the in-laws.” Trump—encased by wealth and shamelessness—needed none of those things. He was bound by nothing. For some, a vote for Trump was a chance to inhabit that boundlessness, to tell the rest of the world to go fuck ourselves.

      • These Progressives Fought the Good Fight in 2021—and Gave Us Hope for 2022

        The year 2021 demanded every bit as much from progressives as the difficult years that preceded it. Joe Biden replaced Donald Trump only after the outgoing president urged on a coup attempt and was impeached for the second time. In the face of an ongoing pandemic and the economic uncertainty extending from it, Biden found himself struggling not just with Republicans but also with corporate-aligned “centrist” Democrats who were disinclined to govern boldly. That set the stage for a year that saw progress come slowly and presidential approval ratings decline. Progressives had to fight to keep the administration from missing historic opportunities, while at the same time they championed an urgent racial justice agenda that faced a growing backlash, defended abortion rights, and struggled to save the planet. It wasn’t an easy year, but these leaders fought the good fight—and gave us hope for 2022.  John Nichols1

      • How Canceling Student Loan Debt Would Be Strategically Smart for Biden

        As rising coronavirus cases and the derailing of the Build Back Better bill dampened holiday cheer, the Biden administration made an announcement last week that inspired some hope for the new year. After sustained public pressure, it extended until May the moratorium on student loan repayments that was scheduled to end in January. With 89 percent of borrowers reporting that they are not “financially secure” enough to resume payments in the immediate future, the extension will provide vital relief.

      • Retroactive repression Five former team Navalny activists arrested in cities across Russia

        Russian police reportedly detained as many as five former activists from Alexey Navalny’s disbanded political network on Tuesday, December 28. According to various reports, arrests were carried out in the cities of Tomsk, Irkutsk, Arkhangelsk, Barnaul, and Saratov (though not all of the detentions have been confirmed). Following interrogations, investigators brought criminal charges against two of the detained activists — former regional coordinators Ksenia Fadeeva and Zakhar Sarapulov — for involvement in an extremist group and participation in a nonprofit organization that infringes on the rights of citizens. Both Fadeeva and Sarapulov were arraigned on Tuesday and placed under restrictions pending trial. 

      • Rand Paul Says Legal Campaign Methods Are How Dems “Steal” Elections
      • A National Network of Election Deniers will Oversee the 2024 Election

        The liberal press has covered this effort with Barton Gellman’s article in the Atlantic Trump’s Next Coup Has Already Begun, leading the charge. But as Gellman immediately notes, Trump’s attempt wouldn’t be an armed uprising.

        Nevertheless, violence like the January 6 offense on the Capitol could be repeated in the future by right-wing groups like the Oath Keepers, 1st Amendment Praetorian and the Proud Boys. There is no other word than “violence” to describe what happened. At a congressional hearing last week, four officers testified before congress that crowds of people, many wielding weapons, attacked and threatened them. Over one hundred were seriously wounded in protecting our nation’s Capitol.

      • Donald Trump Has Spent the Last Two Weeks Offending His Closest Allies
      • Democracy is as Fragile Now as it was During My Father’s Time in Weimar Germany

        After leaving university, Claud had won a travelling fellowship from Queen’s College, Oxford, which he believed would give him just enough money, when supplemented by meagre journalistic earnings, to live in Berlin for a couple of years. But as Christmas approached at the end of the first year, he realised that he had miscalculated and, moreover, he had to feed not only himself but a dog left in his care by his girlfriend Berta who had gone to Vienna for the holiday period.

        “It was a horrible Christmas for the dog,” Claud wrote later in his memoir In Time of Trouble, “because just at that time I had run entirely out of money and was living chiefly on expectations of a cheque from the United States that never came. To begin with, the dog fed fairly well because the butcher round the corner always had a pile of scraps – offal, bacon rind and the like – which he gave me free when I bought meat for myself.”

    • Misinformation/Disinformation

      • GA Inquiry Into “Dead People” Voting Reaffirms That Trump’s Claims Were Bogus
      • Retailers Are Blaming The Internet For A Retail Theft Surge That Might Not Be Happening; Media Is Helping Them Out

        It’s becoming quite a theme: basically every industry is blaming the internet for anything wrong happening in their industry and the legacy media is more than willing to help out. The latest is the supposed “surge” in shoplifting and retail crime. You’ve probably seen the stories, and maybe the shaky video coverage of the big smash and grab runs at some big San Francisco stores. This is being leveraged by those retailers in a variety of ways, including in a push to roll back policing reforms, but also to attack the internet. We’ve talked about the problems of the INFORM Act, which is being pushed heavily by large retailers. If you read that letter (sent to Congressional leaders by a bunch of big retailers), it uses those stories of theft to say we need to pass new regulations about internet sales:

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • Chinese Gov’t Inflicts Its Selective Amnesia On Hong Kong, Forcing The Removal Of Tiananmen Square Massacre Monuments

        To be subservient to the Chinese government is to be in a constant state of (mandated) denial. The government has a narrative to project. No, that’s not an accurate depiction. The state has a narrative to enforce.

      • Weeks After Blasting Twitter For ‘Strangling Free Expression’ GETTR Bans The Term ‘Groyper’ In Effort To Stop White Nationalist Spam

        It’s always fun to watch each new entrant into the social media market that rushes in claiming that it is the “true” supporter of “free speech” learn about the necessity of some level of content moderation. We watched it happen with Parler, the site set up by Trump benefactor Rebekah Mercer. And now we’re watching it happen with former Trump spokesperson Jason Miller — who is so supportive of “free speech” that he once sued a news org for reporting on something he didn’t want public (he lost badly and was told to pay legal fees). GETTR has already had some fun learning that content moderation is necessary (and not a necessary “evil” — just necessary). But now it’s gone up a level.

      • ‘We never counted on love from the state’ Meduza talks to Memorial’s Yan Rachinsky immediately after Russia’s Supreme Court shuttered this prominent rights organization

        In a ruling on Tuesday, December 28, Russia’s Supreme Court shut down the country’s oldest and most authoritative human rights organization — the “Memorial” International Historical Educational Charitable and Human Rights Society. The ruling granted a petition filed by the Attorney General’s Office, which maintains that International Memorial repeatedly violated Russia’s “foreign agent” legislation (without presenting convincing evidence to support this claim). Moscow prosecutors filed a similar lawsuit against Memorial’s human rights branch — the next hearing is scheduled for Wednesday, December 29. To find out what today’s ruling means for the future of International Memorial, Meduza spoke to the chairman of the organization’s board, Yan Rachinsky. 

      • Russia’s Supreme Court dissolves historical research branch of prominent group Memorial

        In a ruling on Tuesday, Russia’s Supreme Court dissolved the “Memorial” International Historical Educational Charitable and Human Rights Society, granting a petition by the Attorney General’s Office, which argues that the organization repeatedly violated Russia’s laws on “foreign agents” by failing to disclose its “agent” status in content shared on social media.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • Intelligence, Artificial and Otherwise: Our Ruling Class

        The Council on Foreign Relations is usually regarded as a peak institution of the US ruling class. Its fellows design policy and its members, drawn from Wall Street, academia, and elite journalism, hobnob with government ministers and even the occasional president. But its star has fallen with the demise of the old WASP establishment and the replacement of its bipartisan deliberative style with the crude bombast of the present.

      • With Abortion Access in Peril, States Move to Protect Reproductive Rights in 2022

        As the future of reproductive rights in the United States is threatened by the U.S. Supreme Court’s right-wing supermajority and a wave of anti-choice laws passed by states across the nation, some Democrat-led states are taking proactive steps to safeguard the right to choose in ways that go above and beyond affirmative legislation.

        “In my mind, there should be no question where Vermont stands with regard to its core values and fundamental rights… they need to be enshrined in our state constitution.”

      • Opinion | Adoption Does Not Remove the Need for Access to Abortion

        I was born on Jan. 11, 1973, 11 days before Roe v. Wade decriminalized abortion across the United States. As a self-described politically aware, adopted teenage girl, this was a chilling factoid for me. Phew, I always thought. Made it. Of course, it was also insignificant, because I was born, adopted and raised in New York, where abortion up to the 24th week of pregnancy had been legalized in 1970, long before I was conceived.

      • Dallas PD Brags About Stealing Money From A Woman At An Airport, Is Now Facing Scrutiny From Its Oversight Board

        In a spectacular bit of self-ownership, the Dallas Police Department (DPD) took to Facebook to brag about stealing money from a person at Love Field Airport.

      • “Our Deadline is Victory”: Rev. William Barber’s Vow

        “Senator Manchin is playing a Caesar or at least a King Herod in today’s Christmas story,” said Rev. Dr. Liz Theoharis, a co-chair of the Poor People’s Campaign. “He’s saying there’s no room in this democracy for the 140 million poor and low-income Americans, including the 700,000 West Virginians who’ve been locked into poverty and low wages under his watch. He wants to limit poor children’s lives just so he can hold on to his power and wealth. On Christmas Eve, doesn’t this indeed sound like Herod?”

        The Poor People’s Campaign has held numerous rallies and acts of civil disobedience over the past year in support of the Build Back Better Act, while acknowledging that the legislation would be just a first step towards a moral economy.

      • Capitalists are Dispensable, Laborers Are Not

        This thesis flows from a neglected asymmetry between capitalists and laborers. The capitalist does not stand in the same relation to capital and the services of capital as a laborer does with respect to his laboring capacities and the services of these capacities. This distinction goes unacknowledged by neoclassical economists as well as economists of other persuasions. If this is because they have concluded that this is of no consequence, we offer some arguments to the contrary.

        There is irony in this thesis even as capitalism threatens to render laborers ‘useless,’ that is, replace them with intelligent machines faster than it creates new jobs. But this is not the place to address this irony.

      • Opinion | Honoring the Reverend Desmond Tutu

        The death of Desmond Tutu has been a tragic loss to human rights, justice and development in Africa. Many words will be said in his honor. However, the best way to honor his memory is for leaders of industrialized countries to provide increased public health and socio-economic support to the African people to whom Desmond Tutu devoted his life and work.

      • Fifth Circuit Agrees to Hold Hearing on Texas Abortion Law in January
      • “His Spirit Reflected a Giant”: Mumia Abu-Jamal Remembers Archbishop Desmond Tutu’s Visit on Death Row

        Mumia Abu-Jamal remembers South African Archbishop Desmond Tutu, who died on Sunday at the age of 90. Tutu was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for fighting to end apartheid in South Africa. In 2007, Tutu visited Mumia when he was still on death row. “His spirit reflected a giant,” says Abu-Jamal. “He struggled for change with his prophetic voice, his sweet humor, his deep love and his boundless sense of compassion.”

      • Angela Davis Speaks on Abolition, Justice for Palestine and Critical Race Theory
      • Scholar Angela Davis on Prison Abolition, Justice for Palestine, Critical Race Theory & More

        World-renowned author, activist and professor Angela Davis talks about the prison abolition movement from her time as a Black Panther leader to today. In her tireless efforts as an abolitionist and a teacher, Davis continues to be a fierce advocate of education and the interconnected struggles of oppressed peoples. Davis talks about Indigenous genocide, Palestine, critical race theory and the role of independent media. “Democracy Now! helps us to place our own domestic issues and struggles within the context of global battles against fascism,” says Davis.

      • Angela Davis on Imagining New Worlds, the Campaign to Free Mumia and the Biden Presidency

        World-renowned author, activist and professor Angela Davis talks about navigating the pandemic and an inadequate two-party political system during a time of racial uprising in the United States. She also talks about imprisoned journalist Mumia Abu-Jamal, the Biden presidential campaign and the protests that erupted from the police killing of George Floyd and Breonna Taylor.

      • American Gulag: Inside the U.S.’ Massive Prison System, with Chris Hedges
      • Archbishop Desmond Tutu: Father of South Africa’s ‘Rainbow Nation’

        Archbishop Tutu earned the respect and love of millions of South Africans and the world. He carved out a permanent place in their hearts and minds, becoming known affectionately as “The Arch”.

        When South Africans woke up on the morning of 7 April, 2017 to protest against then President Jacob Zuma’s removal of the respected Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan, Archbishop Tutuleft his Hermanus retirement home to join the protests. He was 86 years old at the time, and his health was frail. But protest was in his blood. In his view, no government was legitimate unless it represented all its people well.

      • Honoring the Reverend Desmond Tutu

        Today the coronavirus pandemic has resulted in hundreds of thousands of deaths in Africa that could have been avoided. Having sufficient vaccines available to all will help curtail the coronavirus pandemic in Africa. And, by stalling the development of new mutations, in the rest of the world.

        Health problems in Africa still require considerable technical and financial assistance.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • Where Net Neutrality Is Today and What Comes Next: 2021 in Review

        With President Biden’s appointments of Chairwoman Jessica Rosenworcel and Gigi Sohn, a net neutrality pioneer, to staff the FCC’s leadership team, we can usher in a better era. Both appointees made clear their support for the 2015 Open Internet Order and belief that the FCC should begin a process to re-establish federal authority over broadband carriers, including network neutrality rules. More fights lie ahead when the new federal rules are established but let’s review what’s happened so far and what they mean for protecting your access to the Internet.

        At its core, the necessity for net neutrality protections rests on one simple fact: people don’t want their broadband provider to dictate their experience online. It’s a need that only grew during the pandemic.

        As the country rapidly transitions education, social activities, and jobs to rely on a persistent, open, and non-discriminatory connection to the world, views of access have shifted. Today, an eye-popping 76% of American Internet users consider internet service to be as important as water and electricity in their daily life. But unlike those utility services, internet access is subject to the whims of private carriers for a large number of American users.

      • NordVPN doesn’t really have enough bandwidth to handle BitTorrent, so they throttle it. – BaronHK’s Rants

        Pretty much every software update makes the client software buggier than before, but they’ve really been stepping on the hose with BitTorrent traffic.

        Much of the time, you can’t get any real bandwidth at all and you’re stuck downloading at 20-30 KB per second regardless of how fast everything else works. Direct downloads over HTTP(S) work just fine, but BitTorrent traffic is being throttled by some sort of QoS system.

      • 2021: Bringing public policy closer to the public

        Throughout 2021, we have tried to respond to the various policy initiatives and projects launched by the Central and State governments with meaningful and privacy-respecting policy analysis. We have also utilized the Right to Information Act, 2005 to bring accountability in the working of every public authority.

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • Unpatented Shot Dubbed ‘The World’s Covid-19 Vaccine’ Wins Emergency Approval in India

          An unpatented Covid-19 vaccine developed by the Texas Children’s Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, and the pharmaceutical firm Biological E. Limited received emergency-use authorization from Indian regulators on Tuesday—news that the jab’s creators hailed as a potential turning point in the push to broaden global vaccine access.

          “Our Texas Children’s Center does not plan to make money on this, it’s a gift to the world.”

        • Opinion | The Vaccine Monopolies Must Be Broken

          This month, the world could have been celebrating the waning of the COVID-19 pandemic. Instead, vaccine apartheid and restricted production continue to fuel the spread of the coronavirus.

      • Trademarks

        • TTABlog Test: Is ZERO MEAT Merely Descriptive of Animal, Fish, and Poultry Certification Services?

          The USPTO refused to register the proposed mark ZERO MEAT for “Testing, analysis and evaluation of the goods and services of others to determine conformity with certification standards; testing, analysis and evaluation of the food products of others to determine conformity with certification standards relating to animal, fish or poultry,” on the ground of mere descriptiveness. Applicant Equity argued that the proposed mark is a coined phrase, and that other terms like “contains no …”, or free of …” or “vegan” or “vegetarian” would be used to indicate the absence of animal, fish, or poultry content in foods. How do you think this came out? In re Equity IP Holdings, LLC, Serial No. 88517758 (December 16, 2021) [not precedential] (Opinion by Judge George C. Pologeorgis).

        • The TTABlog®: Precedential No. 35: TTAB Grants MIRAGE BRANDS Cancellation Petition Due To Likelihood of Reverse Confusion

          In an otherwise straightforward Section 2(d) analysis, the Board ruled that confusion is likely between Respondent’s registered marks MIRAGE BRANDS (standard form) and MIRAGE BRANDS & Design [BRANDS disclaimed], and Petitioner Mahender Sabhnani’s previously used and registered mark ROYAL MIRAGE & Design, all for perfume. Finding that “Respondent’s presence in the marketplace is considerably greater than that of Petitioner,” the Board saw “a circumstance of reverse confusion in which consumers exposed to Respondent’s marks for perfumes who encounter Petitioner’s mark for perfume are likely to believe mistakenly that Petitioner’s goods originate with Respondent.” Mahender Sabhnani v. Mirage Brands, LLC, 2021 USPQ2d 1241 (TTAB 2021) [precedential] (Opinion by Judge Christopher Larkin).

      • Copyrights

        • Court Orders WhatsApp To Block Groups Sharing Pirated Newspapers

          India’s largest newspaper publishing group has filed a complaint at the Delhi High Court against dozens of defendants said to have illegally offered its copyrighted publications via WhatsApp. The full case will be heard next year but in the interim, WhatsApp is required to take down or block the infringing groups.

        • Startup Uses Blockchain and Pirate Sites to Pay Filmmakers Directly

          Movie industry startup White Rabbit allows people to pay for the films they watch on pirate sites. The service compensates filmmakers directly while sharing revenue pirate sites in the process. Add in a blockchain distribution model and it’s clear that the service is up with the times. Or is there such as thing as too much innovation?

12.28.21

Links 28/12/2021: OBS-StreamLabs “Partnership” and IDAD 2021 Concluded

Posted in News Roundup at 4:06 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Server

      • The State of Kubernetes and Cloud-Native Development

        Approximately 5.6 million developers around the world use Kubernetes, according to a recent State of Cloud Native Development Report compiled by SlashData for the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF). “This represents a 67% increase from a year ago when, adjusting for a change in the question methodology, there were 3.9 million Kubernetes developers worldwide,” per the CNCF blog.

        Overall, there are now 6.8 million cloud-native developers. “This includes 4.6M developers using container orchestration tools and 4M developers using serverless platforms; the numbers correspond to 28% and 24% of backend developers, respectively,” the report states.

      • New SlashData report: 5.6 million developers use Kubernetes, an increase of 67% over one year

        Kubernetes has demonstrated impressive growth over the past 12 months – 5.6 million developers use Kubernetes today – according to the most recent State of Cloud Native Development Report developed for CNCF by SlashData. This represents a 67% increase from a year ago when, adjusting for a change in the question methodology, there were 3.9 million Kubernetes developers worldwide. This group now represents 31% of all backend developers, an increase of 4 percentage points in the last year.

        This is our third time working with SlashData to gain insights on cloud native development. Since then, the global cloud native developer population has also continued to grow. Today there are 6.8 million cloud native developers – 4.6 million using container orchestration tools and 4 million developers using serverless platforms, with an overlap of 1.8 million using both. The first report, published in May 2020, reported 4.7 million cloud native developers, and the second, published in August 2020, saw a big jump to 6.5 million.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • Intel Alder Lake N Audio Support Queued Ahead Of Linux 5.17 – Phoronix

        Queued into the sound subsystem’s “for-next” branch ahead of the Linux 5.17 cycle are some Alder Lake audio updates.

        First up, another variant of Alder Lake P has been added to the hda_intel driver. Alder Lake P support was already in place but another PCI ID ended up being introduced (0x51cd). That’s now present for Linux 5.17 and can be easily back-ported if warranted.

        Meanwhile Alder Lake N is seeing its initial audio support appear for Linux 5.17. The Alder Lake N support is just adding a new PCI ID (0x54c8) and the rule to use the DSP-based Sound Open Firmware (SOF) driver or the plain intel_hda driver for other systems. No other changes for Alder Lake N support are necessary from the sound side.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • 10 Tools That Complement Docker – CloudSavvy IT

        Docker is the best known containerization platform but it doesn’t exist in isolation. An entire ecosystem of complementary tools and spin-off projects has sprung up around the shift to containers.

        Here’s a round-up of 10 open-source analyzers, indexers, and orchestrators that make Docker even more convenient and useful. Whether you’re still early in your Docker journey, or you’re a seasoned practitioner using the tech in production, you might find something here that’s worth including alongside your next project.

      • 10 Important Things You Should Do After Installing Ubuntu Desktop

        Ubuntu is the most popular among the Debian-based Linux distribution which is composed of free and open-source software. Server, Core for IoT, and Desktop are the three official editions released by Ubuntu.

        Nowadays most Linux users who are new as well as experienced developers and programmers prefer Ubuntu in day-to-day life. Whenever you install the new OS on your system people will initially download and install all the necessary packages and software as well as setup environment variables. In this article, I present to you with 10 important things you might need to set up after you install Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (as it is the latest Long Term Support released). The lists are as follows.

      • Lamarque’s blog: Custom keyboard layout in Wayland

        Going forward with migrating to Wayland. There are several smalls things to fix in my setup, one of them is adding a custom layout to workaround the fact that my child broken the Up key of my laptop’s keyboard. I had mapped F9 to Up using $HOME/.Xmodmap, which does not work in Wayland. I have figure out how to that in Wayland [1] [2] and maybe this can help other people.

      • How to install Go 1.18 on Rocky Linux/AlmaLinux – NextGenTips

        In this tutorial, we are going to explore how to install go on Rocky Linux 8.5

        Golang is an open-source programming language that is easy to learn and use. It is built-in concurrency and has a robust standard library. It is reliable, builds fast, and efficient software that scales fast.

        Its concurrency mechanisms make it easy to write programs that get the most out of multicore and networked machines, while its novel-type systems enable flexible and modular program constructions.

        Go compiles quickly to machine code and has the convenience of garbage collection and the power of run-time reflection.

        In this guide, we are going to learn how to install golang 1.18 on Fedora 35.

        Go is not yet released. There is so much work in progress with all the documentation.

      • How I fell into the self-hosting rabbit hole in 2021 | Windows Central [Ed: Windows fanatics realising that GNU/Linux enables them to self-host]

        Also running on that same Raspberry Pi is a rudimentary local file server. It’s a simple Samba setup, mostly in existence because I read a blog post on it and thought I’d give it a try. It’s set up with a small USB flash drive connected to the Pi and I’ve been using it to share files across my home network that I don’t need long-term or syncing to all my devices. It probably won’t be around too much longer, but it’s been handy.

      • Linux Fu: Don’t Share Well With Others | Hackaday

        In kindergarten, you learn that you should share. But for computer security, sharing is often a bad thing. The Linux kernel introduced the concept of namespaces starting with version 2.6.24. That’s been a few years ago, but namespaces are not used by many even though the tools exist to manipulate them. Granted, you don’t always need namespaces, but it is one of those things that when you do need it, the capability is priceless. In a nutshell, namespaces let you give a process its own private resources and — more importantly — prevents a process from seeing resources in other namespaces.

        Turns out, you use namespaces all the time because every process you run lives in some set of namespaces. I say set, because there are a number of namespaces for different resources. For example, you can set a different network namespace to give a process its own set of networking items including routing tables, firewall rules, and everything else network-related.

      • 3 Ways to Install Docker Engine on Linux Mint – Linux Shout

        Learn the simple steps to install the Docker container on Linux Mint 20, 18, or any other versions you are using with the help of the command given below using the terminal.

      • Easily Create Encrypted Folder to Safely Store Files in Ubuntu 20.04/21.10 via Vaults | UbuntuHandbook

        This simple tutorial shows how to easily create encrypted vaults in which you may store files safely in Ubuntu and Debian based systems.

      • How to install Remmina on Debian 11 Bullseye Linux

        Remmina is a well-documented remote desktop control software, here we see the command to install Remmina on Debian 11 Bullseye using the terminal.

        Remote access to a desktop, simply means you will use software or protocol to get a display and use the entire computer located somewhere else directly on your local system. While accessing, Remote Desktop, it feels that you are right in front of the remote computer. Keyboard and Mouse can be used to control the remote systems. Well, it sounds amazing but requires server software on the remote computer and client software on your local device. There are many ways to do this. For example in Windows, the RDP server is already there, hence using any RDP client software such as XRDP or Remmina we can access a remote Windows server or desktop system. Of course, you have to enable the RDP in Windows first.

        Apart from RDP; VNC, NX, and XDMCP are some other protocols to access the remote PC. Well, if you are using a remote machine with a command-line interface then SSH will be the best way to access it.

        Well, as we don’t have any GUI software to establish a remote desktop connection on Linux out of the box. In such situations, Remmina can be a good option.

      • File /etc/pulse/default.pa hardware-profiled

        Easy has hardware-profiling for etc/asound.conf and /etc/asound.state. What this means is that the files are backed up for each hardware configuration. So if Easy on a USB-stick is booted on a different computer, or if the audio hardware is changed on the same computer, the correct file will be used.

        You should be able to bootup on any computer, and if you have previously configured the audio, those settings will be automatically used.

      • How to Install Podman as Docker alternative on Debian 11

        Podman (the POD MANager) is an OCI-compliant container engine, developed by Red Hat as a drop-in replacement of Docker. It is used to manage and run, containers, images, and volumes via a command-line interface. Both Docker and Podman are similar software. The only difference is that Podman doesn’t require a daemon to run containers, while Docker needs the Docker Engine daemon. Podman uses the libpod library to manage an entire container ecosystem.

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install and use Podman on Debian 11.

      • 3 Ways to install Remmina on Linux mint via Terminal – Linux Shout

        Remmina is software available for Linux to get access to remote computer systems over a network. Here we learn the steps and commands to install Remmina on the latest Linux Mint 20.1| 20.2 or earlier version system using the terminal.

        Unlike Windows, Linux Mint doesn’t have any software to facilitate the service of remote desktops. Therefore, the user either has to go for some third-party solution such as Teamviewer. Well, what if you don’t want to use the internet for connecting a local system in an organization. There are some solutions like RDP and VNC protocols. Today in this article we are going to talk about Remmina, a remote desktop client for Linux that has several protocols for remote control of computers.

        It is a remote maintenance software that supports the VNC, NX, RDP, XDMCP, and SFTP protocols. Furthermore, it is possible to route a connection through an SSH tunnel, which makes it useful if you normally want to use unencrypted protocols such as VNC over the Internet.

      • Wait Command in Linux Explained with Practical Examples

        The wait command is something that comes with Linux so that you can find it in all Linux distributions. Before a process stops, it waits for it to finish. When you include a process or job ID, you should use the wait command. Simply put, wait commands containing an ID will continue to wait until the process finishes and returns to termination status. So if you also want to use the wait command, we recommend you to read this article thoroughly.

      • Speedtest with InfluxDB and Grafana on Kubernetes | Lisenet.com :: Linux | Security | Networking

        We are going to use our Kubernetes homelab to run speed tests and store results in InfluxDB. We will then configure Grafana with InfluxDB datasource to visualise data.

        InfluxDB is an open-source time series database. We were previously running speedtest-cli with –csv flag and storing results in MySQL. Needless to say that MySQL was too much. We therefore decided to move on InfluxDB.

    • Games

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • What Is the i3 Tiling Window Manager, and How Do You Use It on Linux?

        The i3 window tiling manager is a Linux desktop environment that’s stripped down to its absolute minimum. That might sound limited and restrictive, but for the right workflow, it’s a form of freedom.

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • KDE/GNOME Wayland vs. X.Org Radeon Linux Gaming Performance

          As we hit the end of 2021 for those wondering about the X.Org vs. (X)Wayland gaming performance difference for both GNOME Shell and KDE Plasma, here are some fresh benchmarks using the latest open-source Radeon graphics driver stack and desktops on Ubuntu 21.10.

          This round of tests with an AMD Radeon RX 6800 was using the latest graphics driver stack in the form of Mesa 22.0-devel as of Christmas with Linux 5.16 Git. KDE Plasma 5.22.5 and GNOME Shell 40.5 as packaged on Ubuntu 21.10 were in use as the primary desktops tested both for their Wayland and X.Org sessions. As an additional perspective, Xfce 4.16 with its X.Org session was also included as part of this round of Linux gaming performance benchmarks.

          This article is primarily to deliver some fresh performance numbers for how GNOME vs. KDE is looking when it comes to gaming performance and the X.Org vs. (X)Wayland impact. Similar tests on the NVIDIA side using their 495 driver series with GBM support is forthcoming as well on Phoronix. Several other year-end type Linux GPU driver/performance comparisons are also coming out over the days ahead.

    • Distributions

      • Slackware Family

        • Steam client update, also fresh Wine, QEMU, MinGW-w64

          It was already a while ago that I refreshed my ‘steamclient‘ package for Slackware.

          The steamclient package is meant to bootstrap the installation of Valve’s Steam gaming platform on your Slackware computer. The package installs a couple of scripts and a 32-bit Linux runtime based on Ubuntu. When you first start ‘steam’ from the menu or from the X terminal commandline, the client will download a larger set of runtime libraries, including 64-bit support. Onwards, the client will keep its runtime libraries up-to-date automatically, every time it starts up and connects to the Steam servers.
          The Slackware package has a couple of tweaks because we obviously do not have Ubuntu tools on board. As a result, on Slackware-current (32bit and 64-bit with multilib) Steam works out of the box.

          The reason for a package refresh is a recent bug report on Valve’s github, about an ALSA related crash on Slackware. The root cause was eventually found and it was part of the customization I added to the steam launcher 6 years ago when we were still on release 14.1 and we did not have pulseaudio as part of the Operating System.

          So I removed (actually, commented-out) these lines, and that should fix the root cause for that bug. If you do not use Pulseaudio or want to enforce ALSA sound regardless, just un-comment the relevant lines at the top of the ‘/usr/bin/steam’ script again – it’s self-explanatory.
          I have also refreshed the READMEs for Slackware and additionally removed support for all Slackware versions older than 14.2. To be realistic, I assume that gamers are all on the -current platform already.

          Have fun playing games on Steam!

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • Ubuntu 21.10 Review, A Milestone to Future Desktop Technology

          This is our review of Ubuntu 21.10 Impish Indri, the thirtieth release of the world class United Kingdom-based computer operating system made by Canonical. We hope you will find this review amusing and useful. Now, let’s dig in!

          Ubuntu 21.10 is a milestone to the future desktop technology of GNU/Linux operating systems. We saw the trend starts here, like the universal software packages, new A/V system, and new display system, which we think would be followed by many other distros sooner or later. We would see Ubuntu next release, 22.04 LTS, taking after Impish. It has its own shortcomings like huge image file, longer install time, instability of Wayland+Pipewire inside, but its benefits outweigh them by being faster, better, more apps and just work. Congratulations to Canonical and the whole Ubuntu community!

        • Design and Web team summary – 3 December 2021

          The Web and design team at Canonical run two-week iterations building and maintaining all of the Canonical websites and product web interfaces. Here are some of the highlights of our completed work from this iteration.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • FSF

        • IDAD 2021: Counteracting Disney+’s attack on culture | Defective by Design

          Our fifteenth annual International Day Against DRM (IDAD), might be over, but the fight against Digital Restrictions Management (DRM) continues. Each year, the Free Software Foundation (FSF) and its Defective by Design campaign distill what we’ve learned throughout the year in our anti-DRM activism on one “special” day: a day especially supportive to those retailers and publishers who rightly refuse to foist DRM on their customers, and a day especially critical of those who haven’t gotten the message that our real digital rights cannot be restricted. For those of us steeped in the Defective by Design campaign, IDAD never fails to provide moments that inspire us in our work for the coming year.

          This year, those moments came in the form of reviews that activists around the world left for Disney+ following our call to help educate those who are about to subscribe to the platform on what they really need to know about Disney+: not its alleged features, not the films or television shows it might have, but the way it infringes on their rights by its use of DRM. We couldn’t agree more with one reviewer, who said that they wanted to be “treat[ed] as a valued client and not as a revenue source to be exploited.”

          We hope that this review, and others like, it are helping people to see the true “value” of Disney+. No matter what or how many film classics it’s offering, nothing can justify the unjust restriction of their subscribers. For those who’ve never heard the term “DRM” or thought of digital restriction before, we hope it sparked a curiosity to find out more, and start them on the path to anti-DRM activism. At the same time, we hope that the reviews also provided people who already do know something about DRM with the resolve necessary to forego it entirely and live DRM-free. Reading the variety of messages different members of the community shared with Disney+ and the Defective by Design campaign has been an invigorating experience, and as always, it’s shown the dedication of the wider anti-DRM community, beginning with our community IDAD planning meeting and continuing through the Day Against DRM itself.

          We’ve written previously about Disney+’s distinctive position among other streaming platforms. Few are sponsored by corporations with such enormous amounts of capital, and few have grown in as short of a time as Disney+ has. Considering its vast resources (and the amount of legal know-how it’s taken to unfairly extend copyright for decades), Disney+ is in a position to provide a positive example to other streaming platforms and resolve to end their practice of shackling users to their “service” by means of DRM. Instead, and like other large streaming providers such as Netflix, they fall back on the bogus excuse of “copyright infringement,” something that we’ve long known DRM does not help prevent. That reason could also never justify the measures taken, which involve taking rights away from users and making them agree to give up control of their computers in order to have access to culture and education. Yet until they do heed the wake-up call, the Defective by Design campaign and the worldwide community of anti-DRM activists will be there to let them know that no use of DRM is acceptable.

        • Licensing/Legal

          • Italian Court Upholds Open Source Licensing

            In a recent ruling by Italian courts on open source licensing, a software vendor has lost a civil case for failing to comply with open source license requirements, reports Christine Hall.

            “On December 13, the law court of Venice, Italy quietly affirmed the legal enforceability of open source software licenses in a case involving the GNU General Public License,” Hall writes.

          • OBS & StreamLabs Commit To New “Partnership” – Invidious

            Recently there was the whole OBS vs Streamlabs drama but recently they reached an agreement and have decided upon a new long term partnership

          • One More Small Step Toward The Right to Software Repair

            Yesterday afternoon, we filed a Motion for Remand in our lawsuit against Vizio for their flagrant GPL & LGPL violations, alleged with great detail in our complaint in California state court. Vizio’s response to that complaint was to “remove” the case to federal court. Vizio argues that the lawsuit can only be brought by a copyright holder as a copyright infringement lawsuit in federal court. In response, we have asked the federal court to return (“remand”) the case to state court.

            While Vizio’s original request to “remove” the case from state court to federal court is, in the general sense, a standard litigation tactic and our response is a relatively standard response (on which we expect to prevail), the implications of these early procedural maneuvers deserve special attention for those of you that care deeply about copyleft as a strategy to achieve software freedom and rights. If you seek a deeper understanding of these essential issues in copyleft policy, we encourage you to first read our motion to remand, and then read this article as supplemental strategic context for that filing.

            Many of our longstanding Sustainers will recall that we previously have enforced the GPL for BusyBox in federal court. As part of that large lawsuit against 14 defendants, we learned how the process of copyright-only GPL enforcement works in US federal court. We still believe that federal litigation brought by copyright holders is an essential component of copyleft enforcement.

      • Programming/Development

        • Abiola Ajadi: Outreachy-Everyone Struggles! [Ed: Outreachy seems to be picking people who don't know how to code and outsource things to Microsoft's proprietary software instead of promoting Free software]

          Three weeks into my internship and it’s been great so far with Awesome Mentors. I am currently learning a new Language which is Ruby and this is the perfect time to remind myself that everyone struggles! I struggled a bit getting farmiliar with the codebase and pushing my first merge request during the internship. I won’t say i have a perfect understanding of how everything works, but i am learning.

        • Building an ODT on the command line

          Answering my own question Isn’t there an easier way to do this?, I wrote a shell script that starts with a YAD form dialog. After I enter the strings in their appropriate form boxes, the script does the three jobs listed above automatically.

          An unusual aspect of my script is that it creates a formatted ODT without involving a GUI word processor. To do this I use LibreOffice Writer to convert an HTML file to an ODT on the command line. The HTML doesn’t have to be up-to-date, either, or use CSS for styling. You and I may have forgotten (or never knew) the HTML of 25 years ago, but it’s apparently still in the Writer code base.

  • Leftovers

    • Science

      • Quantum Atomic Interferometer For Precision Motion Sensing | Hackaday

        The current state of the art of embedded motion sensing is based around micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) devices. These miracles of microfabrication use tiny silicon structures, configured to detect acceleration and rotational position in three dimensions. Accumulate these accelerations and rotations, and you’ve got a device that can find its orientation and track movement without any external waypoints.

        Why do we care about dead reckoning anyway? Surely GPS and related positioning systems are good enough? Above ground GPS is usually good enough, but underwater and underground this simply won’t work. Even heading indoors has a dramatic effect on the GPS signal strength, so yes, we need another way for some applications.

        Right now, the current state of the art in portable sensors are MEMS devices, and you can get them for the cost of a hamburger. But if you want the ultimate in accuracy, you’ll want a quantum atomic interferometer. What that is, and how it will be possible to make one small enough to be useful, is half of the story. But first, let’s talk MEMS.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Security

          • Enterprise Linux Security Episode 14 – Recovering from Disaster – Invidious

            Disasters in the world of tech are frustrating for everyone, not just the company that experienced the incident. In this episode, Jay and Joao discuss thoughts around what it actually means to recovery from a disaster, and why it’s typically not a quick process.

          • Security updates for Tuesday

            Security updates have been issued by Debian (djvulibre, libzip, monit, novnc, okular, paramiko, postgis, rdflib, ruby2.3, and zziplib), openSUSE (chromium, kafka, and permissions), and SUSE (net-snmp and permissions).

          • How to Detect and Defeat Cryptominers in Your Network [Ed: Microsoft Windows TCO]

            Cryptojacking software can also attempt to blend in by pretending to be a process that belongs to a legitimate application. They can use techniques such as DLL sideloading where a malicious DLL replaces a legitimate DLL. The DLL is called by a bone fide application when it launches, or a doppelgänger application that has been downloaded behind the scenes.

            Once it is called, the fraudulent DLL launches a cryptomining process. If the high CPU load is noticed and investigated, it appears that a legitimate application is misbehaving and performing in an adverse fashion.

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • Huawei issues seminal Wi-Fi 6 patent licence to Buffalo [Ed: More patent tax and nothing to contribute towards actual innovation; patents are not helping, they make the rich a lot richer and we pay for the same patents over and over again each time a device is bought (multi-dipping)]

          Huawei has entered into a patent licence agreement with Japanese networking and storage company Buffalo for its Wi-Fi 6 technology, the Chinese telecoms company announced today.

          The agreement is Huawei’s first-ever overseas, Wi-Fi 6-focused licence, which provides Buffalo with access to certain Wi-Fi 6 enabled products under Huawei’s portfolio of standard essential patents (SEPs).

          “We have broader licence agreements covering both Wi-Fi 6 and legacy Wi-Fi products, but this agreement marks the emergence of Wi-Fi 6 as the dominant Wi-Fi technology,” said Alan Fan, global head of intellectual property at Huawei.

        • New Research Study from IP Australia Confirms IP Rights Ownership as a Signal to Identify Successful SMEs [Ed: This is propaganda, a self-serving biased 'study' from the very agency which profits from mass filings; it serves big businesses but promotes the illusion of helping SMEs]

          If you are a policy-maker, prospective business partner or investor, IP Australia wants you to know that a useful way to identify small and medium enterprises (SMEs) with high growth potential is to look at their IP activity. A new research report from the Office of the Chief Economist, titled Intellectual property rights and enterprise growth: The role of IP rights in the growth of SMEs, describes a study using data on the full population of Australian businesses – around 600,000 SMEs over the period 2002–2017 – to examine correlations between IP activity, employment, and growth of SMEs. The study finds that, on average, SMEs that own IP rights (IPRs) are 3.5 times larger than SMEs with no IP rights (7 employees compared to 2 for SMEs with no IP rights). Furthermore, rights-holders pay their employees better, with median annual wages being A$53,755 per employee compared to A$43,304 for SMEs with no IP rights.

          [...]

          IP Australia’s research confirms that the overwhelming majority of SMEs do not own any formal registered IP rights. In 2017, only around 4% of Australian SMEs owned IPRs. The good news – such as it is – is that this proportion doubled since 2002.

          By far the biggest contributor to IPR ownership was trade marks.

          Of the SMEs with any IPRs, 89.1% owned only trade marks, while a further 6.6% owned trade marks in combination with one or more other forms of registered IPR (patents and/or registered designs). While most trade mark owners did not own any other types of rights, owners of patents and/or designs were more likely than not to also own trade marks.

          This is not very surprising. Almost all trading businesses operate under some form of branding – and it is therefore disappointing that so few Australian SMEs own registered trade marks (PATENTOLOGY, incidentally, is protected by Australian trade mark registration no. 1412805). However, most small businesses are not based on the development and commercialisation of patentable inventions or registrable designs. On the other hand, it is to be expected that many businesses that engage with the IP system via the more complex and costly process of patent or design registration will be conscious of the benefits of also registering their trade marks.

        • EPO rejects appeals against refusal of applications naming an AI system as inventor [Ed: Law firms that help Thaler troll courts and patent offices like this ought to be disbarred. They waste time, they discredit the system, and their only fans are patent extremists who profit from litigation Armageddon]

          Further to our earlier publication (https://www.aathornton.com/court-of-appeal-dabus-case/) reporting a UK Court of Appeal decision concerning the naming of an AI system DABUS as an inventor for a patent application, the European Patent Office (EPO) has now issued a decision on the corresponding European applications.

          [...]

          On 21st December 2021, the Legal Board of Appeal at the EPO announced its decision to dismiss the appeal in cases J 8/20 and J 9/20, therefore refusing applications EP 18 275 163 and EP 18 275 174, for which an artificial intelligence system was designated as inventor.

        • A Further Update On The Unified Patent Court [Ed: No, Germany did not ratify; this is fake news from William Fry, designed to promote illegal agenda. Law firms promoting crimes, for profit. They pay to promote lies [1, 2].]

          The requisite number of Member States have now ratified the Unified Patent Court Agreement and the Protocol on the Provisional Application of the UPC Agreement (Protocol).

          Germany, following significant constitutional challenges, ratified the UPC Agreement and the Protocol in late September 2021. Slovenia subsequently ratified both instruments in October 2021. Austria followed suit on 2 December 2021 as the 13th and final Member State required to launch the United Patent Court (UPC).

        • European Patent Office rules on patent case [Ed: EPO admits granting fake patents but only when challenged on it]

          This week, the European Patent Office published its decision revoking PlantLab’;s patent EP2348841.

        • EPO Boards Of Appeal Set To Move Back To Central Munich From Haar [Ed: This self-serving puff piece from EPO crimes enabler J A Kemp LLP tells you nothing about the corruption associated with this; the patent litigation cartel has been largely complicit]

          The European Patent Office (EPO) has announced plans to relocate the Boards of Appeal from Haar (a suburb of Munich) back to the city centre area of Munich, where the rest of the EPO is based.

          Before the move goes ahead, a detailed proposal will need to be approved by the EPO member states at the next Administrative Council in March 2022. The EPO currently plans for the relocation to take place in 2025/2026.

          The plans reverse the move made in 2017 when the Boards of Appeal relocated from the centre of Munich to Haar. The move was not hugely popular at the time and indeed resulted in a referral to the Enlarged Board of Appeal in G2/19 (see our report here). It is expected that the return to the city centre of Munich will be welcome news for users of the European patent system.

        • Honeywell wins latest battle for R1234yf – Cooling Post

          . In September, China’s State Intellectual Property Office invalidated Honeywell’s R1234yf manufacturing patent no. ZL200780007465.8 following a challenge from Chinese manufacturer Zhejiang Huanxin Fluorine Materials Co.

        • Software Patents

          • $2,000 for RightQuestion prior art

            On December 27, 2021, Unified Patents added a new PATROLL contest, with a $2,000 cash prize, seeking prior art on at least claim 1 of U.S. Patent 10,824,696. The patent is owned by RightQuestion, LLC, an NPE and entity of Bjorn Markus Jakobsson. The ’696 patent generally relates to an authentication translation. The patent has been asserted against Samsung.

Links 28/12/2021: Avidemux 2.8 Released, GNUnet’s GNS Technical Specification at IETF

Posted in News Roundup at 9:15 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • Linux vs macOS: 5 Reasons To Choose Linux Over OS X

        macOS (Previously OS X) is the default operating system for desktop and laptop computers from Apple. It is a proprietary operating system that only works on Apple hardware by default.

        Users, however, can choose to install Linux on their Apple computers if they wish to. The process is so simple and straightforward, and almost identical to installing Linux on any ordinary machine from other companies.

        This is not quite an uncommon practice; even Linus Torvalds, the Linux creator, uses a Macbook Air after installing Linux on it. He likes the quality of the hardware offered, but still wants a more open source ecosystem to work with, including his own kernel-powered OS.

    • Kernel Space

      • Why Folders are Called Directory in Linux?

        If you start using computers with Windows, you are likely to use the term folder.

        But when you switch to Linux, you’ll find that folders are often termed as directory.

        This may confuse some new Linux users. Should you call it folder or directory? Is there even a difference?

        Here’s the thing. You can call it folder if you want or directory if you like. It won’t make a difference.

        But if you wonder why a folder is called directory in Linux, here is some explanation.

      • Linux Kernel 5.16 Brings Tidings of Memory Management, 8K Video

        The release of Linux Kernel version 5.16 has suffered a slight delay. Said delay was St. Nick and the holiday season. This is fairly typical, as, during the months of November and December, development on the Linux kernel does slow down. To that, Linux keeper Linus Torvalds wrote:

        With the holidays coming up, things are probably going to slow down both on the development and testing front, and as a result, I expect that I will also extend the [release candidate] series by another week not because it’s necessarily needed (too early to tell, but doesn’t feel that way), but simply because nobody will want to open the next merge window immediately in the new year.

        So, if you were hoping Santa Claus would leave you a shiny new kernel in your stocking, you’re going to be disappointed to find that particular repository a bit empty.

        Fret not, that new kernel will be here soon after the holidays.

        But what does it promise? Truth be told, there are no show stoppers in this release. That being said, kernel 5.16 won’t be one to shrug off. Why? Because there’s plenty of new hardware support and features to get excited about.

        Let’s unwrap that give and find out what’s hidden underneath that shiny paper.

      • Mold is a New Linux Linker Aiming to Outperform Lld

        Mold, a modern drop-in replacement for current Unix linkers, has reached version 1.0. Written by the original creator of the LLVM lld linker, mold aims to be several times faster than its predecessor.

      • Systemd Blasts Ahead With A Record Number Of Commits In 2021 – Phoronix

        With the continuously growing set of features and functionality provided by systemd, this year saw the project hitting record growth in terms of commit activity that easily surpassed prior years. Surprisingly, Lennart Poettering dropped from his spot as the one responsible for the most commits each year.

        With the end of the year upon us, I ran some systemd GitStats in being curious how this year panned out from a quantitative perspective on the development pace… Systemd in 2021 features like unlocking encrypted volumes using TPM2 / FIDO2 / PKCS#11 hardware, introduction of the system extension images concept, an option for simple whole file-system A/B updates, maturing of systemd OOMD, and the massive set of changes in systemd 250 released earlier this month.

      • AMD Smart Trace Buffer Support Is Ready For Linux 5.17 – Phoronix

        AMD Smart Trace Buffer “STB” support is ready for the upcoming Linux 5.17 kernel cycle.

        AMD Smart Trace Buffer is an APU/SoC feature for helping to isolate failures on the SoC by analyzing the last feature the system was utilizing when hitting a failure. AMD STB runs transparently in the background and a trace is then stored into the SoC for newer AMD hardware supporting this functionality. The Smart Trace Buffer trace after a hardware failure can then be read by the user via a DebugFS interface.

        The code enablement patches don’t make clear all what hardware is covered by AMD STB currently, but from other code hits point to it being supported in at least current generation Cezanne SoCs.

      • Graphics Stack

    • Applications

      • Avidemux 2.8 Released For This Simple, Open-Source Video Editor

        While not nearly as featureful as say OpenShot or Kdenlive, Avidemux is an open-source video editor that is simple to use and has been around for a long time. Avidemux 2.8 is now available as the latest feature release.

        Avidemux 2.8 features a variety of improvements for this non-linear open-source video editor. Among the many changes with Avidemux 2.8 are:

        - Support for converting HDR vide to SDR with tone mapping.

        - Support for decoding TrueHD audio tracks.

      • Avidemux 2.8 Released with FFV1 Encoder, WMA9 Lossless and TrueHD Decoding

        Avidemux 2.8 open-source, free, and cross-platform video editor software has been released today as a major update that brings exciting new features and many improvements.

        Almost ten months in development, Avidemux 2.8 is here to add the ability to convert HDR (High Dynamic Range) video to SDR (Standard Dynamic Range) with tone mapping using a variety of methods, decoding support for the WMA9 Lossless codec, the ability to decode TrueHD audio tracks and support for them in Matroska (MKV) containers.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to Install MySQL 8.0 on openSUSE Leap 15

        MySQL is a relational database management system based on SQL (Structured Query Language). It is one of the most widely used database software for several well-known applications. MySQL is used for data warehousing, e-commerce, and logging applications, but its more commonly used feature is a web database storage and management.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install MySQL 8.0 using the Community Release edition.

      • grep (Global Regular Expression Print) useful command-line utilities.

        Grep is a Linux / Unix command-line tool used to search for a string of characters in a specified file. It’s name comes from the ed command g/re/p (globally search for a regular expression and print matching lines), which has the same effect.

        In the simplest terms, grep (global regular expression print) will search input files for a search string, and print the lines that match it. Beginning at the first line in the file, grep copies a line into a buffer, compares it against the search string, and if the comparison passes, prints the line to the screen. Grep will repeat this process until the file runs out of lines.

      • How to Install Nginx on openSUSE Leap 15

        NGINX is an open-source, free HTTP server software. In addition to its HTTP server capabilities, NGINX can also function as a proxy server for e-mail (IMAP, POP3, and SMTP) and a reverse proxy and load balancer for HTTP, TCP, and UDP servers.

        The goal behind NGINX was to create the fastest web server around, and maintaining that excellence is still a central goal of the Nginx project. NGINX consistently beats Apache and other servers in benchmarks measuring web server performance and is now the most popular used web server according to W3Tech.

        In the tutorial, you will learn how to install and configure Nginx on openSUSE Leap 15 with a free TLS/SSL certificate from Let’s Encrypt.

      • How to Install & Configure Redis on openSUSE Leap 15

        Redis is an open-source (BSD licensed), in-memory key-value data structure store used as a database, cache, and message broker. Redis supports data structures such as strings, hashes, lists, sets, sorted sets with range queries, bitmaps, hyperlog logs, geospatial indexes, and streams. Redis also provides high availability with Redis Sentinel software logic, creating automatic partitioning across Redis nodes with Redis Cluster.

        You will know how to install and configure Redis on your openSUSE Leap 15 operating system.

      • How to Install Vivaldi Browser on openSUSE Leap 15

        Vivaldi is a freeware, cross-platform web browser developed by Vivaldi Technologies. It had grown from the downfall of Opera with many disgruntled when it changed from the Presto layout engine to a Chromium-based browser. This platform angered traditional Opera users. Since then, Vivaldi has become one of the most popular alternative Internet Browsers amongst the big three Chrome, Firefox, and Edge.

        Vivaldi promotes itself as a leading browser with faster navigation, clever bookmarking, more intelligent browsing, extensive tab management, and a more visual approach.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install Vivaldi Browser on openSUSE Leap 15.

      • How to Install Opera Browser on openSUSE Leap 15

        Opera is a freeware, cross-platform web browser developed by Opera Software and operates as a Chromium-based browser. Opera offers a clean, modern web browser that is an alternative to the other major players in the Browser race. Its famous Opera Turbo mode and its renowned battery-saving mode are the best amongst all known web browsers by quite a margin, along with a built-in VPN and much more.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install Opera Browser on openSUSE Leap 15.

      • Kannel SMS Gateway on Debian 10/11 – Unixcop the Unix / Linux the admins deams

        Kannel is an open source WAP and SMS gateway for GSM networks. Moreover, Kannel can send/receive SMS using a Serial or USB GSM Modem. It is accessible via HTTP API and can be used in sending bulk SMS, OTP etc.

      • Types of a Linux File Systems

        Windows users are restricted to the NTFS file system, and Linux users often stick to the ext4 file system while installing the new Linux distribution.

        Besides Ext4, there are btrfs, exfat, ext2, ext3, ext4, f2fs, fat16, fat32, hfs, hfs+, jfs, linux-swap, lvm2 pv, minix, nilfs2, ntfs, reiser4, reiserfs, udf, xfs, and many more. Take a pause, don’t hesitate because most of them are deprecated.

      • How to Install Samba in Rocky Linux and AlmaLinux

        Through TCP/IP protocol, Samba makes file sharing possible between two operating systems not sharing the same architecture. Through CIFS (Common Internet File System) and SMB (Server Message Block) protocols, this open-source software has made file and print sharing services easier for major operating system distributions.

      • How to set up an NFS Mount on Rocky Linux 8

        Network File System or NFS is a distributed file system protocol that allows remote hosts to mount file systems over a network and perform file operations on them as though they are mounted locally. This is particularly useful when you want to share resources from one server over multiple clients or allow multiple clients to write to single storage space.

        In this tutorial, you will learn how to install and configure the NFS Server and NFS Clients based on Rocky Linux 8. For this, we will set up a host or server to share files and a client to access the host files using an NFS mount.

      • 3 Ways to install Remmina on Linux mint via Terminal

        Remmina is software available for Linux to get access to remote computer systems over a network. Here we learn the steps and commands to install Remmina on the latest Linux Mint 20.1| 20.2 or earlier version system using the terminal.

        Unlike Windows, Linux Mint doesn’t have any software to facilitate the service of remote desktops. Therefore, the user either has to go for some third-party solution such as Teamviewer. Well, what if you don’t want to use the internet for connecting a local system in an organization. There are some solutions like RDP and VNC protocols. Today in this article we are going to talk about Remmina, a remote desktop client for Linux that has several protocols for remote control of computers.

        It is a remote maintenance software that supports the VNC, NX, RDP, XDMCP, and SFTP protocols. Furthermore, it is possible to route a connection through an SSH tunnel, which makes it useful if you normally want to use unencrypted protocols such as VNC over the Internet.

      • Playing with Shelly

        For xmass I got few Shelly lamps to play with. Shelly lamps are simple IoT devices. Super easy to install, configure and use. The Youtube is full with instructions on what can be done with these smart lamps. Naturally my main motivation was to figure out how to hack these devices and how ready my openSUSE servers are with tools and services (spoiler: they are ready)

        Look daddy no cloud

        Needless to say that like most smart home automation devices the Shelly lamps can be operated via the Shelly cloud. I may cover that area in the next post. But now I am interested in what can be done without the cloud. After all, one big selling point of the Shelly devices is that they are fully operable and functional even without Internet connection just on a WiFi LAN. It means that if I am concerned about the security of my home infrastructure I have an option not to expose my smart devices.

      • How To Install Asterisk on Debian 11 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Asterisk on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, Asterisk is an open-source framework used for building communications applications including VoIP gateways, and conference servers. Asterisk uses a VoIP protocol that allows you to make a call using the TCP/IP without any cost. Asterisk also supports all currently used protocols such as SIP, IAX2, GSM, G.711, or ISDN.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the Asterisk VoIP Server on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

      • Vorta – A Graphical Frontend For BorgBackup – OSTechNix

        This article is about how to install and use Vorta, a graphical frontend for BorgBackup application. If you are new to using the borg backup tool, please take a look at our guide on how to use borg backup before proceeding with this guide.

      • Workaround PA does not see HDMI

        On my Lenovo desktop PC, the monitor is connected via a HDMI cable, and “aplay -l” lists HDMI as one of the possible outputs. However, pavucontrol only lists “Speakers”, “Headphones” and “Line Out”.

    • Distributions

      • Why the ISO format has to die

        Someone posted recently to the forum that there are many blog posts about EasyOS that really should be mapped to some kind of wiki at easyos.org. Yes, I know about this problem; an informative blog post will fade away into obscurity as time goes on, people who don’t regularly read the blog posts will not see it. I will attempt to improve the mapping of informative blog posts to easyos.org.

      • 7 Linux Distros to Look Forward to in 2022

        Moving forward to 2022, it’s time to expect some exciting distro releases! Here are some of our picks that we think you should keep an eye on.

      • BSD

        • DragonFlyBSD Now Has Working Support For Intel Whiskey Lake Graphics – Phoronix

          The BSDs continue to lag behind Linux when it comes to the graphics driver support, but this time the Intel Whiskey Lake graphics should have been in long ago — and believed to be — but adding the PCI IDs were forgotten.

          Back in December of 2020 was a syncing of the Intel graphics driver PCI IDs from Linux 5.8 into the DragonFlyBSD kernel at the time. It should have been a straight-forward update for expanding the support given the commonality of the Intel Gen9 graphics at the time and DragonFlyBSD routinely porting over code from Intel’s i915 Linux kernel graphics driver. Last year’s commit was intended to bring support for Coffee Lake, Amber Lake, Whiskey Lake, and Comet Lake graphics on Intel processors. Unfortunately, the Whiskey Lake PCI IDs didn’t end up being added to the driver list at the time.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • 10 inspiring career guides for sysadmins | Enable Sysadmin

          Learn how to increase your earning potential, improve your soft skills, develop your technical knowledge, and more.

        • 4 emotionally intelligent phrases leaders should use in 2022

          The world of work has changed significantly over the past two years. Senior managers’ expectations have shifted, and emotional intelligence has never been more important. According to a Businessolver survey, 83 percent of Gen Z employees (one-third of the global workforce) would choose an employer with a strong culture of empathy over one offering a higher salary. The same survey found that 79 percent of respondents would choose an empathetic employer even if it meant going to the trouble of changing their role, industry, or chosen career path.

          Vibrant workplace cultures value emotionally intelligent leadership above all else. Self-aware leaders recognize the importance of creating and maintaining psychological safety and model behavior and work ethics that lead to collective success. These leaders are approachable and productive, and they set expectations clearly and bring out the best in others.

        • My favorite open source stories from 2021 | Opensource.com

          This year we learned a lot about our community as we embraced our new work-from-home lives. We also met some amazing folks who are leveraging Linux and open source software in their organizations.

        • Fedora Community Blog: F35 retrospective results

          After the release of Fedora Linux 35, I conducted a retrospective survey. I wanted to see how contributors felt about the release process and identify possible areas we can improve. There was no particular reason to start this with F35 except for that’s when I got around to doing it. So how did F35 go? Let’s look at the results from the 63 responses.

          [...]

          I asked respondents to rate the stress of F35 compared to previous releases. 21 people (33%) said it was the same and 19 (30%) said it was less stressful. Only 9 people (14%) felt F35 was more stressful.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • Kubernetes infographic: usage of cloud native technology in 2021

          2021 has been an interesting year for the Kubernetes and cloud native ecosystem. Due to the pandemic, cloud adoption saw a big spike in adoption. As the year wraps up soon, we wanted to reflect on the top findings from the Kubernetes and cloud native operations report and we have a cool infographic for you. The new version of the report for 2022 is due some time in January so stay tuned!

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Please don’t use Discord for FOSS projects

        Six years ago, I wrote a post speaking out against the use of Slack for the instant messaging needs of FOSS projects. In retrospect, this article is not very good, and in the years since, another proprietary chat fad has stepped up to bat: Discord. It’s time to revisit this discussion.

        In short, using Discord for your free software/open source (FOSS) software project is a very bad idea. Free software matters — that’s why you’re writing it, after all. Using Discord partitions your community on either side of a walled garden, with one side that’s willing to use the proprietary Discord client, and one side that isn’t. It sets up users who are passionate about free software — i.e. your most passionate contributors or potential contributors — as second-class citizens.

        By choosing Discord, you also lock out users with accessibility needs, for whom the proprietary Discord client is often a nightmare to use. Users who cannot afford new enough hardware to make the resource-intensive client pleasant to use are also left by the wayside. Choosing Discord is a choice that excludes poor and disabled users from your community. Users of novel or unusual operating systems or devices (i.e. innovators and early adopters) are also locked out of the client until Discord sees fit to port it to their platform. Discord also declines service to users in countries under US sanctions, such as Iran. Privacy-concious users will think twice before using Discord to participate in your project, or will be denied outright if they rely on Tor or VPNs. All of these groups are excluded from your community.

      • Web Browsers

        • Mozilla

          • Firefox 95.0.2 fixes crashes on systems with certain AMD CPUs – gHacks Tech News

            Mozilla Firefox 95.0.2 was released on December 19, 2021; it fixes a single crash issue that affects certain AMD processors on Windows 7, 8 and 8.1 devices.

            The new version of the Firefox web browser comes just a few days after the release of Firefox 95.0.1, and about two weeks after the release of the last major version release of 2021, Firefox 95.0.

            Firefox 95.0.2 is already available. Installations should receive the update of the browser automatically, provided that automatic updates have not been turned off. Affected users, those on AMD devices on which Firefox crashed frequently recently, may want to run the update as soon as possible to address the issue.

      • SaaS/Back End/Databases

      • FSF

        • GNU Projects

          • GNUnet: GNS Technical Specification Call for Reviews

            We are happy to announce that our GNS specification is currently under review by the IETF Independent Stream Editor (ISE). We have already received feedback from the ISE and made significant, mostly editorial changes to the specification.

            We are inviting anyone reading this to review and provide feedback to the draft and send it to gnunet-developers@gnu.org . Even better, you could write an implementation in your favourite programming language.

      • Programming/Development

        • Bootlin toolchains updated, 2021.11 release – Bootlin’s blog

          Bootlin has been offering since 2017 a large set of ready to use pre-compiled cross-compilation toolchains at toolchains.bootlin.com. These toolchains are available for a wide range of CPU architectures and CPU variants, and support either the glibc, uClibc-ng or musl C libraries, where applicable.

          It’s been quite some time since the last release of those toolchains, so we took the opportunity of this quiet period between Christmas and New Year to finally update the toolchains. We’re happy to announce that we have now published a total of 187 toolchains targeting 46 different CPU architecture variants. As the toolchain release name suggests, they are now built with Buildroot 2021.11.

        • Excellent Free Tutorials to Learn Coq – LinuxLinks

          Coq is a dependently typed language. This means that the types of the language may depend on the values of variables. In this respect, it is similar to other related languages such as Agda, Idris, F*, Lean, and others. Via the Curry-Howard correspondence, programs, properties and proofs are formalized in the same language.

          Coq is developed in OCaml and shares some syntactic and conceptual similarity with it. Coq is a language containing many fascinating but difficult topics.

          Here’s our recommended tutorials to learn Coq.

    • Standards/Consortia

      • Roll Your Own Network

        Why

        You never lose control over your data and everything is encrypted …

        • when stored on any device

        • when transferred over a network

        How

        Using open-source products on your own devices instead of commercial services.

      • [Old] Import, Export, and Convert Data Files

        The idea behind rio is to simplify the process of importing data into R and exporting data from R. This process is, probably unnecessarily, extremely complex for beginning R users. Indeed, R supplies an entire manual describing the process of data import/export. And, despite all of that text, most of the packages described are (to varying degrees) out-of-date. Faster, simpler, packages with fewer dependencies have been created for many of the file types described in that document. rio aims to unify data I/O (importing and exporting) into two simple functions: import() and export() so that beginners (and experienced R users) never have to think twice (or even once) about the best way to read and write R data.

        The core advantage of rio is that it makes assumptions that the user is probably willing to make. Specifically, rio uses the file extension of a file name to determine what kind of file it is. This is the same logic used by Windows OS, for example, in determining what application is associated with a given file type. By taking away the need to manually match a file type (which a beginner may not recognize) to a particular import or export function, rio allows almost all common data formats to be read with the same function.

        By making import and export easy, it’s an obvious next step to also use R as a simple data conversion utility. Transferring data files between various proprietary formats is always a pain and often expensive. The convert function therefore combines import and export to easily convert between file formats (thus providing a FOSS replacement for programs like Stat/Transfer or Sledgehammer).

      • [Old] readODS: Read and Write ODS Files

        Import ODS (OpenDocument Spreadsheet) into R as a data frame. Also support writing data frame into ODS file.

        [...]

        This package should be a silent member of rio, so that you don’t need to care about file format anymore.

      • [Old] Importing Data Into R – Part Two

        Use the read.ods() function from the readODS package to read in your OpenDocument spreadsheets into R and put them into data frames: [...]

  • Leftovers

    • Warnings from the Far North

      “Breaking the food chain that supports billions of creatures” is horrific to contemplate. It sends a powerful signal of trouble dead ahead. In that regard, scientists agree that what happens up North signals what’s in store to the South, and what’s happening up North is a gut-wrenching reality of life on a knife’s edge of catastrophe.

      It’s never been more urgent and timely for the world to change its ways and abandon the current economic maelstrom that haunts all life on the planet. The pros and cons of capitalism’s experiment with neoliberal tendencies that enrich the few and bury the many should be debated in the context of strained resources throughout the biosphere, including all life forms. The GDP-to-infinity paradigm is barreling towards a wall of impending extinction. It’s already on a fast track.

    • When Dark Reality Is Unbearable, What Star Is There To Follow?
    • Cinema Without Cinemas: Watching Movies in 2021

      But do these highbrow distinctions have any meaning anymore? Are there even “films” now? There’s still (barely) a Film Forum in NYC, where I would regularly migrate to in the late 70s from college in “film” deprived DC. Fortunately, there’s still Film Comment, a safe space for lofty talk about the current “cinema.” There are even a few holdout directors who insist on shooting on film and having their films run through actual projectors and shown on large, arced screens before live audiences. But they’re mostly insufferable filmmakers–Tarantino, Nolan, Villeneuve, Scott–whose films are artistically attenuated, their visions much smaller than the screens they’re projected on.

      The last film I saw in a theater was Tarantino’s bloated, self-infatuated and nasty Once Upon a Time in Hollywood and, as so often with his movies, it was the soundtrack that kept me hitting the exit after the first hour. The last “film” that rewarded the hassle of getting to the theater (or “cinema,” as we used to say)–no easy journey from the rim of our little canyon–was an immaculately restored copy of “Barry Lyndon” (empty, but sumptuous) shown in a less-than-immaculately restored old movie palace (but no worse for that). The film, like most of Kubrick’s work, was a financial flop. It’s something of a mystery to me as to how Kubrick kept raising money to make expensive visual feasts that were commercial failures. More power to him. But after Barry Lyndon the big screens were commandeered by even emptier, much less sumptuous films made by a pair of his young acolytes, Spielberg and Lucas, who knew how to make the big screens pay even if they didn’t know (or care) how to make them say anything.

    • My Year and Welcome to It

      In my neighborhood at least, as this year draws to a close, that old Lone Ranger line, “Who was that masked man?,” again applies to just about anyone. In fact, as Delta cases rise in New York City and Omicron arrives on the scene in a startling fashion, indoor mask wearing in my own apartment building — from the halls to the elevators to the laundry room — has been reinstituted (not that I ever stopped) and the city’s indoor public-mask mandate is also being restored.

      It’s been that sort of a year, but sadly, as we know, not everywhere in this all-too-unmasked, unvaccinated, disputatious, confrontational, conspiratorial, unnerved, and disturbed country of ours. A year of illness, death, mourning, and ever-increasing political chaos on a striking, if not unparalleled, scale threatens the American system as we’ve known it. Meanwhile, a new kind of weather threatens the world as we’ve known it.

    • Russ Allbery: Review: Out of Office

      Out of Office opens with the provocative assertion that you were not working from home during the pandemic, even if you were among the 42% of Americans who were able to work remotely.

      [...]

      This was a fascinating book to read in conjunction with A World Without Email. Warzel and Petersen do the the structural and political analysis that I sometimes wish Newport would do more of, but as a result offer less concrete advice. Both, however, have similar diagnoses of the core problems of the sort of modern office work that could be done from home: it’s poorly organized, poorly managed, and desperately inefficient. Rather than attempting to fix those problems, which is difficult, structural, and requires thought and institutional cooperation, we’re compensating by working more. This both doesn’t work and isn’t sustainable.

      Newport has a background in productivity books and a love of systems and protocols, so his focus in A World Without Email is on building better systems of communication and organization of work. Warzel and Petersen come from a background of reporting and cultural critique, so they put more focus on power imbalances and power-serving myths about the American dream. Where Newport sees an easy-to-deploy ad hoc work style that isn’t fit for purpose, Warzel and Petersen are more willing to point out intentional exploitation of workers in the guise of flexibility. But they arrive at some similar conclusions. The way office work is organized is not leading to more productivity. Tools like Slack encourage the public performance of apparent productivity at the cost of the attention and focus required to do meaningful work. And the process is making us miserable.

    • Science

      • Laser Doping His Way To Homemade Silicon Chips | Hackaday

        It’s a pity that more electronics enthusiasts haven’t taken the hobby to its ultimate level: making your own semiconductors. There are plenty of good reasons for that: chief among them is the huge expense involved in obtaining the necessary equipment. But for the sufficiently clever, there are ways around that.

        [Zachary Tong] is dipping his toes into the DIY semiconductor world, and further to the goal of keeping costs to a hobbyist scale, is experimenting with laser doping of silicon. Doping is the process of adding impurities to silicon wafers in a controlled manner to alter the electrical properties of the semiconductor. [Zach]’s doping method is a more localized version of the simple thermal diffusion method, which drives a dopant like phosphorus into silicon using high temperatures, but instead of using a tube furnace, he’s using a fiber laser.

        The video below shows his two-step process, which first blasts the silicon oxide layer off the wafer before doping with the laser shining through a bath of phosphoric acid. The process is admittedly fussy, and the results were mixed at best. [Zach]’s testing seems to suggest that some doping occurred, and it even looks like he managed to make something reasonably diode-like using the method.

      • E.O. Wilson, a Pioneer of Evolutionary Biology, Dies at 92

        When Dr. Wilson began his career in evolutionary biology in the 1950s, the study of animals and plants seemed to many scientists like a quaint, obsolete hobby. Molecular biologists were getting their first glimpses of DNA, proteins and other invisible foundations of life. Dr. Wilson made it his life’s work to put evolution on an equal footing.

        “How could our seemingly old-fashioned subjects achieve new intellectual rigor and originality compared to molecular biology?” he recalled in 2009. He answered his own question by pioneering new fields of research.

        As an expert on insects, Dr. Wilson studied the evolution of behavior, exploring how natural selection and other forces could produce something as extraordinarily complex as an ant colony. He then championed this kind of research as a way of making sense of all behavior — including our own.

    • Education

      • Haters: The world according to Mark Levin.

        Mark R. Levin’s American Marxism, a polemic against all manner of progressive ideas and movements, may rival its predecessors in popularity. Published this past summer, it spent weeks perched at or near the top of the best-seller list. But American Marxism represents a distinct dumbing-down of the kind of book-length attacks on the left that have appeared over the past century. Hayek and Bloom produced rigorous critiques of the liberal ideology and left policies they abhorred, which required them to take the time to learn about them. Levin just slaps the label of “Marxism” on the various political phenomena he detests—from critical race theory and “genderism” to environmental justice, teachers unions, and the bias of the liberal media. He also accuses the Democratic Party of embracing these ideas and institutions and “adopting Marx’s language of class warfare” in order to put its own “interests…before those of the country,” thereby destroying what makes (or made), in his view, America so great. American Marxism is a virtual digest of familiar attacks on all the favorite targets of the contemporary right, and it suggests the depths of the right’s commitment to depicting its opponents not just as wrongheaded but as sworn enemies of the nation itself. Of course, liberals and leftists revile conservatives, too. But most of us refrain from accusing the entire Republican Party of harboring treasonous thoughts or wanting to overthrow the republic (the January 6 insurrectionists notwithstanding).

    • Hardware

      • NOVELDA UWB X4 sensor can detect submillimeter movements – CNX Software

        We’ve just written about an ESP32 UWB board equipped with an ultra-wideband module designed for indoor positioning with about 10 centimeters accuracy, which should be good enough for many applications, but it turns out UWB sensors can be made to be much more accurate.

        NOVELDA has just announced the UWB X4/X4F103 sensor and development kit that can detect submillimeter micro-movements such as breathing for human presence detection and does so at a really low power consumption of under 2mW.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • Ethical Dilemmas and Painful Decisions: Triage in the Time of a COVID Surge

        Hospitals were overflowing with sick and dying patients, while ventilators and personal protective equipment were in short supply. Patients sat for hours or days in ambulances and hallways, waiting for a hospital bed to open up. Some never made it to the intensive care unit bed they needed.

        I’m an infectious disease specialist and bioethicist at the University of Colorado’s Anschutz Medical Campus. I worked with a team nonstop from March into June 2020, helping my hospital and state get ready for the massive influx of COVID-19 cases we expected might inundate our health care system.

      • We Are Not Returning to “Normal.” 2022 Must Be a Year of Change.
      • A Plant That Sterilizes Medical Equipment Spews Cancer-Causing Pollution on Tens of Thousands of Schoolchildren

        Jennifer Jinot didn’t expect to retire early from her role as an environmental health scientist for the federal government. She’d spent 26 years assessing the dangers of toxic chemicals for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The job could be frustrating but, more than that, rewarding.

        Early in her career, Jinot evaluated the health impacts of secondhand smoke exposure. It took four years — a pace she remembers thinking was “crazy slow” — to develop a final risk assessment, published in 1993, that determined secondhand smoke causes lung cancer in adults and impairs the respiratory systems of children. The tobacco industry sued the agency. But, in the end, her work spurred changes to the law. The victory was invigorating for Jinot, who had long dreamed of doing what she calls “socially useful” science.

      • As Omicron Surges, Sanders Says Congress Must Ensure Mass Distribution of N95 Masks

        Sen. Bernie Sanders on Sunday demanded that Congress act urgently to ensure the widespread distribution of N95 masks to U.S. households as the highly contagious Omicron variant continues to rip through the country, overwhelming already-strained hospitals nationwide.

        “As we face the rapidly spreading Omicron variant, we should remember that not all face masks are created equal,” Sanders (I-Vt.), chair of the Senate Budget Committee, wrote on Twitter. “Congress must demand the mass production and distribution of N-95 masks, the most effective way to stop the spread of the Covid virus.”

      • Minister rages over “sabotaging” social media groups

        “I made this Digital Civil Ulydighed because I have a child and she shouldn’t be left a future which involves forced vaccinations twice a year,” Bæk told TV2 News.

        Bæk estimates that hundreds of people are part of the operation relating to the vaccination appointments. And it’s just the beginning, he contends.

        The group will soon send a massive number of document access requests to ministries as a protest of ‘offentlighedsloven’ – the public access to information act.

      • Optometrists continue to openly sabotage people who prefer to buy eyeglasses online. – BaronHK’s Rants

        He needed a routine eye exam, and the optometrist took forever. We had a 2 PM appointment, and we weren’t done until nearly 5:30 because the whole process was so slow. They even tried to skip over us in line when we were called because they ran out of room in the waiting area, forcing us to sit inside the store.

        At the end, we got a hard copy of his prescription and left. I knew not to even ask for the PD measurement, because only three states in America mandate that they give it to you, while the other 47 let you leave with a partial prescription and figure out how to get that last number yourself. The FTC’s eyeglasses rule does not require a PD value, and few optometrists will tell it to you.

        See, about a decade ago, online eyeglasses became a thing. No longer were savvy shoppers bound to the physical stores where Luxottica controls 80% of the market and Walmart controls most of the rest (although they also sell some Luxottica brands).

        Budget-conscious shoppers found out how badly they were getting screwed over at the Big Boys, and they took their prescription and went online.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Holiday gifts taken from luggage, replaced with dog food

        A woman who returned from a flight to Europe with more than $3,000 worth of gifts in her luggage found the contents gone — and replaced with dog food.

      • Proprietary

        • Experts Detail Logging Tool of DanderSpritz Framework Used by Equation Group Hackers

          Cybersecurity researchers have offered a detailed glimpse into a system called DoubleFeature that’s dedicated to logging the different stages of post-exploitation stemming from the deployment of DanderSpritz, a full-featured malware framework used by the Equation Group.

          DanderSpritz came to light on April 14, 2017, when a hacking group known as the Shadow Brokers leaked the exploit tool, among others, under a dispatch titled “Lost in Translation.” Also included in the leaks was EternalBlue, a cyberattack exploit developed by the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA) that enabled threat actors to carry out the NotPetya ransomware attack on unpatched Windows computers.

        • Shutterfly hit by ransomware attack [iophk: Windows TCO]

          Photography company Shutterfly announced this week that it had been hit by a ransomware attack that had impacted some services, making it the latest in a string of companies to be targeted by hackers looking for a payout.

          The company announced the attack in a statement posted to its website on Sunday, noting the incident had impacted portions of the Lifetouch and BorrowLenses business, along with Groovebook, manufacturing and some corporate systems. Shutterfly.com and other related websites were not hit.

        • Pseudo-Open Source

          • Privatisation/Privateering

            • Linux Foundation

              • Study Reveals Open-Source Community’s Diversity Pain Points, Progress [Ed: Latest ‘Linux’ Foundation dross finds a home in the media]

                The Linux Foundation (LF) has little concern from within the open-source community over diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI), according to the first open-source DEI study in at least four years.

                LF, the nonprofit organization enabling mass innovation through open source, on Dec. 14 announced the release of its latest LF Research study, “Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in Open Source.” The study includes the results of qualitative interviews and a worldwide survey with more than 7,000 initial responses from the open-source community.

        • Security

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • Interview With Dr. Tirthankar Ghosh – UWF Center for Cybersecurity

              Tirthankar Ghosh: My formal education was in electrical engineering in the early ‘90s. After a few years of working as an electrical engineer, I decided to go back to school and got a master’s and a PhD in computer and electrical engineering.

            • How to Create a Convincing Persona to Hide Your Identity Online

              Forget the expertly illustrated political sketches, cutting cartoons, and lampoons of Americana — what has appealed most to readers and meme recyclers for the last 30 years has been the concept of online anonymity.

            • The Battle for Communications Privacy in Latin America: 2021 in Review

              Both appear tied together, for example, in renewed attempts to compel individuals to give their biometric data in order to access mobile phone services, as we saw in México and Paraguay in 2021, with fierce opposition from civil society. The Supreme Court in Mexico indefinitely suspended the creation of the Padrón Nacional de Usuarios de Telefonía Móvil (PANAUT), a national registry of mobile users associated with their biometric data, after the federal agency assigned to implement the registry filed a constitutional complaint affirming its budgetary autonomy and its duty to ensure users’ rights to privacy, data protection, and access to information. In Paraguay, the bill forcing users to register their biometrics to enable a mobile telephone service was rejected by a parliamentary commission and has been halted in Congress since then. 

              This post highlights a few relevant developments this year regarding communications privacy in Latin America in its relation with other rights, such as freedom of expression and assembly.

              In the wake of Colombia’s tax reform proposal, demonstrations spread over the country in late April, reviving the social unrest and socio-economic demands that led people to the streets in 2019. Media has reported on government crackdowns against the protestors, including physical violence, missing persons, and deaths. Fundación Karisma has also stressed implications for the right to protest online and the violation of rights due to internet shutdowns and online censorship and surveillance. Amid the turmoil, EFF has put together a set of resources to help people navigate digital security in protest settings.

            • Apple’s iPhone 15 Pro might come without SIM card slot

              According to GSM Arena, the latest rumours claim Apple will ditch the physical SIM card slot beginning with the iPhone 15 series in 2023. Word comes from a Brazilian publication Blog, which says that the 2023′s Pro models (tentatively called iPhone 15 Pro) will not have physical SIM card slots and will rely entirely on eSIM technology for connectivity.

            • Sketchy Rumor Claims iPhone 15 Pro Won’t Have Physical SIM Card Slot

              Given that iPhone 15 Pro models are still two years away from being released, this rumor should be treated with some skepticism until it is corroborated by other sources. Blog do iPhone is also not a well-established source of Apple rumors.

            • Apple iPhone 15 may come without physical SIM slot, will support eSIM

              The rumour stems from a Brazilian Blog post, which says that the 2023 Pro models will not have physical SIM slots and will rely entirely on eSIM technology for connectivity. The source also claimed that these iPhones will come with dual e-SIM support. At the moment, Apple’s iPhones feature an eSIM along with a slot for a physical SIM card.

            • Canada’s public health agency admits it tracked 33 million mobile devices during lockdown
    • Defence/Aggression

      • January 6 Committee to Investigate Trump’s Calls to Allies Before Capitol Breach
      • Judge Wants To Know If DOJ Ignored Its Own Journalist-Targeting Guidelines When Investigating An Infowars Host Who Raided The Capitol

        Sometimes tough questions about rights have to be asked even when central figures are far from sympathetic. Good case law is sometimes made by bad people (or, at least, people accused of doing terrible things).

      • Cori Bush: Congress Should Mark Jan 6. by Expelling Members Who Helped Incite Attack

        U.S. Rep. Cori Bush declared Monday that lawmakers should commemorate the upcoming one-year anniversary of the deadly January 6 attack by passing her resolution to “investigate and expel the members of Congress who helped incite the violent insurrection at our Capitol.”

        “They have broken their sacred oath of office.”

      • Better off without Russia: Putin says the U.S. planned Russia’s partition in 1918. It’s true. (And Lenin was on board!)

        Last week, at a press conference with 500 journalists, Vladimir Putin reiterated his suspicions about American intentions toward Russia, recalling that one of President Woodrow Wilson’s advisers once endorsed the partition of Russia, writing more than a century ago: “It would be better for the whole world if a state in Siberia and another four states emerged in the European part of what is now greater Russia.” The quotation is real — it belongs to Edward House, Wilson’s informal chief adviser on European politics and diplomacy during World War I. To find out more about America’s proposal to carve up the Russian Empire (and to get some much-needed historical context), Meduza turned to historian Alexander Etkind, who recently authored a book about William Bullitt, the U.S. diplomat sent to negotiate with Lenin on behalf of the Paris Peace Conference. It was Bullitt who devised the plan in 1918 to partition Russia.

      • Opinion | Corporate Media Ignore US Sanctions Driving Starvation Threat in Afghanistan

        As the United States withdrew militarily from Afghanistan in August, US TV news interest in the plight of the country’s citizens spiked, often focusing on “the horror awaiting women and girls” (CNN Situation Room, 8/16/21) to argue against withdrawal (FAIR.org, 8/23/21).

      • The Pentagon Just Got $778 Billion, But USAID Is Running Out of Money for Covid-19 Vaccines?

        Sharply contrasting with the $778 billion in new military spending authorized Monday by President Joe Biden, the U.S. Agency for International Development reportedly can’t find the funds to pay for the Biden administration’s effort to help vaccinate the world’s population against Covid-19, according to two agency officials interviewed by Politico.

        In an article published Monday by the website, a pair of unnamed sources at USAID—the main goverment agency in charge of distributing coronavirus vaccine doses to COVAX, the global vaccine equity program—are concerned that efforts could stall in the coming spring should the administration fail to find new funding sources.

    • Transparency/Investigative Reporting

      • Confused Judge Grants Project Veritas’ Prior Restraint Against The NY Times

        This is so bizarre. Last month we wrote about how the incredibly hypocritical oafs at Project Veritas were, on the one hand, screaming about their own press freedoms (for potentially legitimate reasons) while simultaneously trying to get a prior restraint order against the NY Times using the famed press silencers at the censorial thuggish law firm Clare Locke. Somewhat incredibly, on Christmas Eve a New York Supreme Court judge granted the request.

      • Digital Transparency Year in Review 2021

        Throughout 2021, we have tried to raise awareness around the various policies and projects that the Central and State government have developed and introduced. By utilising the Right to Information Act, 2005 as well as the Information Technology (Guidelines for Intermediaries and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021 (‘IT Rules 2021’), we have tried to bring transparency & accountability in the working of every public authority and significant social media intermediary. These transparency efforts are towards ensuring that the gap between the public and public policy can be bridged and more people get to engage in processes that set the digital frameworks that govern their present and future.

    • Environment

      • The Revelator’s Top 12 Environmental Commentaries of 2021
      • California is suing Walmart over alleged improper disposal of e-waste and other hazardous materials

        State investigators conducted 58 inspections across 13 counties from 2015 to 2021 and said they found classified hazardous and medical waste in each store’s trash compactors, as well as customer information that should have been rendered indecipherable. The California DOJ estimates that Walmart’s unlawfully disposed waste totals 159,600 pounds or more than 1 million items each year.

      • World’s Most Destructive Climate Disasters of 2021 Cost Nearly $200 Billion
      • Government Action, Not Consumer Action, Will Stop Climate Change

        The strategy has worked like a dream because Americans prize personal responsibility. Ronald Reagan was speaking for many of us when he said: “It is time to restore the American precept that each individual is accountable for his actions.”

        Which brings us to climate change. Once again, it is individual consumers and not the fossil fuel industry who are being blamed for the potential destruction of our planet. Only this time it isn’t just powerful corporations and their trade groups wagging the finger at individuals for not doing enough to halt global warming. It is also many climate change activists, who continue to press individuals to do more, to, for instance, purchase expensive solar panels for their homes.

      • America’s Climate Emergency

        The treachery of the Republicans

        The country, but especially its political class, is divided sharply as if on the eve of civil war. The so-called Republican senators are united in their opposition to any government measures to diminish the consumption (perpetual burning) of fossil fuels, prime causes of climate chaos.

      • World’s Top 2021 Climate Disasters Cost Nearly $200 Billion: Study

        A new report out Monday shows that 2021 continued the trend of annual climate devastation worldwide that is costing the global economy hundreds of billions of dollars as planet-heating emissions unleash exactly the kind of damage scientists have warned about for decades.

        “The costs of climate change have been grave this year, both in terms of eye-watering financial losses but also in the death and displacement of people around the world.”

      • We’ll All Eventually Think ‘Don’t Look Up’ Is Laughing At Us If Nothing Fundamentally Changes

        Most contemporary satirical films are compared to Stanley Kubrick’s “Dr. Strangelove: How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love The Bomb.” It is the standard by which critics and viewers decide if the satire succeeded. Yet in the past decades no film has come close to matching the sharpness and wit of the classic. 

        However, Adam McKay and David Sirota’s “Don’t Look Up” nearly equals the potency of “Dr. Strangelove,” and as time passes, “Don’t Look Up” may prove to be even more sophisticated and meaningful.McKay and Sirota recognize climate disruption is hurtling humanity toward mass extinction, and corporate, media, and political elites in the United States would rather not act than jeopardize their self-interest. Developing a farce about their lack of a response would probably have a limited impact. So McKay and Sirota take what is most distressing and infuriating about climate inaction and map it onto a story about a comet hurtling toward Earth.

      • Don’t Look Up: See It

        However, since the full arc of the Climate Change story is several decades long, for dramatic punch DON’T LOOK UP has compressed that timeline down to six months — from first detection to final impact — by being an allegorical satire where the real problem of Climate Change has been substituted for in the movie’s story by a planet-killing comet larger than the Chicxulub bolide of 66Mya heading straight toward Earth.

        Mass media, Trump-style American government, Gates-Zuckerberg tech fantasy grandiosity and Bezos-Musk-Branson billionaire space privatization fantasy (the last two types of fantasts being wrapped up in one character), are all deliciously eviscerated in this movie.

      • Climate Denial Satire “Don’t Look Up” Now Top Film on Netflix Worldwide

        The new feature film “Don’t Look Up,” a dark comedy satirizing the complacency and mendacity of elites in the face of an existential threat to human civilization, is now the most popular movie on Netflix worldwide, according to data compiled by FlixPatrol.

        “Absolutely love to see a climate movie hitting this huge a global audience on the world’s largest platform,” journalist David Sirota, who co-created the story for the film, tweeted Monday. “An amazing success for the team that made the movie and for everyone who has been spreading the word.”

      • Opinion | Why the Very Worst People Really Don’t Want Us to Look Up

        On Christmas Eve, Louise and I watched on Netflix the brilliant Don’t Look Up! starring Leonardo DiCaprio and Jennifer Lawrence, written and produced by Adam McKay and David Sirota.

      • Energy

        • 2021 Trends that Could Drive the Energy Transition Further Next Year

          As the impacts of fossil fuels and air pollution on the world’s climate became ever more apparent in 2021, it was easy to miss some of the slower-brewing stories of the past year.

          That’s in part because it was a year marked by disruption by climate-related disasters, as many reading this likely experienced personally. We now live in a world that’s 1.1 degrees hotter, where one out of every three Americans lived in a federally-declared disaster area because of a flood, wildfire, or other weather-related catastrophe — over the past summer alone. 

        • Opinion | Let’s Replace Dystopian Dirty Energy With Renewables and Climate Justice

          The Biden administration inherits the interconnected climate and biodiversity crises from predecessors of both political parties, and now is embarking on an ambitious, multi-faceted campaign to find solutions. The stalled Build Back Better Act, representing the administration’s priorities, places heavy emphasis on promoting and subsidizing utility-scale renewable energy projects on public lands, while largely missing out on the opportunity to focus on distributed renewable solutions sited in urban and/or already developed areas to avoid environmental impacts and preserve public land.

    • Finance

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • Radical Democracy Is Resurgent in Latin America. How Will the US Respond?
      • The Mayor Nobody Knows

        On the first day of the new year, Eric Adams will be sworn in as the 110th mayor of New York City. The former police captain, state senator, and borough president has, in one sense, taken an entirely conventional path to one of the most celebrated offices in America. He painstakingly scaled the ladders of city and state government, working corporate boardrooms and Democratic club dinners, forging alliances with outer borough pastors and Manhattan finance titans alike.

      • Three Reasons for Hope as a Hard Year Comes to an End

        Yet, there is more than just Senator Joe Manchin’s coal and Omicron fears in our stockings this holiday season. There are some reasons to be hopeful too.

        The first reason to be hopeful is — us. We the people.

      • Leaked Files Expose Syria Psyops Veteran Astroturfing Breadtube Star to Counter COVID Restriction Critics

        The Grayzone — Leaked documents have revealed a state-sponsored influence operation designed to undermine critics of the British government’s coronavirus policies by astroturfing a prominent founder of the BreadTube clique of “anti-fascist” YouTube influencers.

      • The Big Lie

        Biden has never been the sharpest knife in the drawer and now he finds a knife in his back. However, the idea that any of this is surprising is just plain wrong and it’s so obvious to everyone on the outside. Biden acting betrayed by Manchin gives a message that Biden is naive and completely unable to read the room. That is true. But it also demonstrates just how weak Biden is. He has no intention of being a President and he likely never wanted to be one in the first place.

        That doesn’t mean Biden didn’t lie to the American people by promising Build Back Better. He can run all he wants but the fact is he’s the President and this failure falls squarely on his shoulders. However, I would push back on two assumptions I see going around. The first assumption is that Biden is toast politically. If you’re foolish enough to put hope in Joe Biden then you aren’t paying attention. The American people know as much. The second question I have is if Biden really wanted to get any of this done in the first place.

      • Jayapal Warns Political Disaster Looms If Democrats Fail to Deliver in the New Year

        Rep. Pramila Jayapal warned her fellow Democratic lawmakers and President Joe Biden on Sunday that failure to deliver their promised social spending and climate agenda could have disastrous political consequences, feeding voter disillusionment and leaving millions of people without badly needed economic aid amid a deadly pandemic.

        “Democrats must prove that their voices and their votes matter, and that we can produce tangible economic assistance.”

      • Opinion | Why We Must Challenge Zuckerberg’s Ring of Power

        Once upon a time, in the ancient kingdom of Lydia, a shepherd called Gyges found a magic ring, which, when rotated on his finger, made him invisible. So, Gyges walked unseen into the royal palace, seduced the queen, murdered the king, and installed himself as ruler. If you were to discover such a ring or another device that granted you exorbitant power, Socrates asked, would it be wise to use it to do or get whatever you want?

    • Misinformation/Disinformation

      • 2021: The year the weaponization of VAERS went mainstream

        About a year ago, I wrote about how 2020 had been a year of physicians behaving badly—or perhaps I should say more badly than even before the pandemic, when they behaved plenty bad. Of course, it’s been long documented on this blog and elsewhere how badly certain doctors and scientists have been behaving, be they quacks, antivaxxers, grifters, or cranks, but the arrival of the COVID-19 pandemic provided a golden opportunity for quackery to the point that “magic dirt” and nebulized hydrogen peroxide (for example) have been peddled as cures for COVID-19 and turbocharged antiscience conspiracy theories even more than they had been a year ago. As I sat down yesterday to consider what to write—too many possible topics, I fear!—I rapidly encountered a piece of misinformation about vaccines of the sort that has dominated 2021 and looks to continue to be a major antivaccine technique to spread fear, uncertainty, and doubt (a.k.a. FUD) about COVID-19 vaccines in 2022; so I thought I’d discuss it now. I had thought about saving this topic for a year-end post next week, but it’s on Joe Mercola’s website, which means that it will disappear by tomorrow. The reason is that a few months ago, in a pique about “censorship”, über-quack “Dr.” Mercola removed all the articles from his website and set all new articles to “expire” and disappear after 48 hours. (Mercola also set his robots.txt file to exclude all his articles from being archived by the almighty Wayback Machine over at Archive.org). So I thought I should write about Jessica Rose now, as she appears in an article from Sunday titled “What the VAERS Data Tell Us About COVID Jab Safety“.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • The Combating Islamophobia Act: On Hate Crimes and ‘Irrational Fears’

        Disquietingly, Congress was nearly split on the vote. While 219 voted in favor of the resolution, 212 voted against it. What is so objectionable about the resolution, which was introduced by Rep. Ilhan Omar, that prompted a ‘nay’ vote by such a large number of American representatives?

        The resolution – ‘Combating International Islamophobia Act’ – merely called for establishing the position of a “Special Envoy for monitoring and combating Islamophobia”. Arguably, HR 5665 would have not passed, were it not for the embarrassing episode last September, when Republican Rep. Lauren Boebert of Colorado mouthed off such obscene and racist language, in which she suggested that Rep. Omar was a terrorist.

      • Rights Groups Accuse Tech Giants of Throttling Content on Abortion Pills

        As anti-choice lawmakers ramp up attacks on reproductive freedom across the United States, new reporting on Monday raised alarm about Big Tech companies limiting access to scientifically accurate content from abortion rights organizations while allowing the spread of misinformation.

        “When there are efforts or blockages that are imposed by these companies, that impacts our ability to get the word out.”

    • Freedom of Information/Freedom of the Press

      • Opinion | Julian Assange, PEN America, and Ruling Class Acquiescence

        Nils Melzer, the U.N. Special Rapporteur on Torture, is one of the very few establishment figures to denounce the judicial lynching of Julian Assange. Melzer’s integrity and courage, for which he has been mercilessly attacked, stand in stark contrast to the widespread complicity of many human rights and press organizations, including PEN America, which has become a de facto subsidiary of the Democratic National Committee.

      • Chris Hedges: PEN America and the Betrayal of Julian Assange

        Nils Melzer, the U.N. Special Rapporteur on Torture, is one of the very few establishment figures to denounce the judicial lynching of Julian Assange. Melzer’s integrity and courage, for which he has been mercilessly attacked, stand in stark contrast to the widespread complicity of many human rights and press organizations, including PEN America, which has become a de facto subsidiary of the Democratic National Committee.

      • Taliban Arrest Head of Private TV Network

        The whereabouts of a prominent Afghan TV station owner remains unknown a day after he was arrested by the Taliban on Sunday, according to the executive’s son.

        Mohammad Arif Noori, the founder and owner of Noorin TV, one of Afghanistan’s leading private TV networks, was taken from his home in Kabul on Sunday afternoon, according to his son Roman Noori.

        The younger Noori accused Taliban forces of “raiding” and searching his family’s house without a warrant before taking his father to an unknown location.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • Unsecured Data Leak Shows Predicitive Policing Is Just Tech-Washed, Old School Biased Policing

        Don’t kid yourselves, techbros. Predictive policing is regular policing, only with confirmation bias built in. The only question for citizens is whether or not they want to pay tech companies millions to give them the same racist policing they’ve been dealing with since policing began.

      • How Exploited Job Insecure Part-Time Faculty Get Screwed at Progressive City College of San Francisco

        Compared to many other part-time faculty, I am lucky—I still have a job teaching the same number of classes. Those who lost their jobs are taking a 100% cut in pay.

        In a May 8,  2021 union bulletin, the leaders of the American Federation of Teachers (AFT) 2121, representing CCSF faculty, described the one-year agreement as consisting of “progressive concessions on salaries” in which the cuts “range from 4% to 11%,” a sacrifice that would preserve jobs. Their description grossly understated the impacts of the cuts on part-time faculty.[1] 

      • Bullet
      • How Workers Can Win in 2022

        In the first full year of the Covid pandemic, Elon Musk’s wealth skyrocketed from $25 billion to $150 billion. Jeff Bezos became the first person on the planet to possess a fortune of more than $200 billion. The Financial Times has been fretting all of this past year about a crisis in superyacht production, and lately it’s been reporting on another crisis afflicting the rich. Flexjet and NetJets, two of the most well-known private-jet charter companies operating in the United States, recently stopped accepting new clients because they simply can’t acquire enough jets to accommodate the explosive growth of the billionaire class. Not only is this eye-popping wealth not being hidden; it’s being flaunted. After being propelled by his Blue Origin rocket for fewer minutes than the lifetime of a female mayfly, Bezos enthusiastically thanked Amazon’s employees and customers for allowing him to act as if he’d joined the ranks of astronauts like John Glenn and Neil Armstrong. Our new Gilded Age of obscene wealth and arrogance stands in stark contrast to the everyday struggles faced by tens of millions of exhausted workers fighting just to stay healthy and alive, avoid eviction, make the next month’s rent payment, or find the kind of job that will leave enough free time to help their children with homework. In April, 3.8 million Americans quit their jobs, which prompted headlines about “the Great Resignation” and “the Big Quit.” By July, that number would climb to over 4 million in a single month, bested again in August (4.27 million) and then again in September (4.43 million). By October, pundits in the mainstream media began invoking a new trope, “Striketober,” as 10,000 workers walked off the job in the first strike against John Deere since 1986, with another 60,000 film production workers and 50,000 health care workers at Kaiser Health threatening to strike, along with dozens of small and medium strikes and work stoppages scattered across the country (including at Kellogg, Nabisco, and Catholic Health, in Buffalo). Although there’s no doubt that the abysmal treatment at the hands of absentee corporate bosses during the pandemic has led individual workers to resign in droves—and has caused a small uptick in strikes—anger at the elite and collective action by workers predate Covid.1

      • Desmond Tutu Opposed Capitalism, Israeli Apartheid and US/UK Imperialism, Too

        It seems very important to mention, because of the way this man is already being remembered by the world’s pundits and politicians.  As anyone could have predicted, Tutu is being remembered as the great opponent of apartheid in his native South Africa, who was one of the most recognized and most eloquent leaders of the anti-apartheid struggle there, for most of his adult life.

        Being a leader in the movement to end apartheid in South Africa was probably the greatest achievement of the man’s life work, and it should come as a surprise to no one that this is the focus of his many obituaries, along with the Nobel he was awarded in 1984.  After Martin Luther King, Jr.’s assassination, he was remembered by the establishment in much the same way, as a leader of the movement against apartheid in the US.  The fact that he had become one of the most well-known and well-loved voices of the antiwar movement in the United States and around the world at the time of his death has largely been written out of the history books, a very inconvenient truth.

      • Desmond Tutu (1931-2021) Speaks on Apartheid, Palestine, Climate Crisis and More
      • California Police Officers’ Bigoted Text Messages Have Just Undone Dozens Of Felony Cases

        Racism and policing go hand-in-hand. It’s been this way ever since police forces were created for the purpose of tracking down escaped slaves and returning them to their owners. Flash forward 150 years and very little has changed other than the ending of slavery.

      • Archbishop Desmond Tutu (1931-2021) on Apartheid, War, Palestine, Guantánamo, Climate Crisis & More

        Archbishop Desmond Tutu, the South African anti-apartheid icon, has died at the age of 90. In 1984 Desmond Tutu won the Nobel Peace Prize for his work fighting to end white minority rule in South Africa. After the fall of apartheid, Archbishop Tutu chaired the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission, where he pushed for restorative justice. He was a leading voice for human rights and peace around the world. He opposed the Iraq War and condemned the Israeli occupation in Palestine, comparing it to apartheid South Africa. We reair two interviews Archbishop Tutu did on Democracy Now!, as well as two speeches on the Iraq War and the climate crisis.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • Google Will Cripple OnHub Routers Starting Next Year

        We’ve long written about how you don’t really own what you buy in the modern era. Books, games, and other entertainment can stop working on a dime due to crappy DRM. Game consoles you’ve purchased can find themselves suddenly with fewer features. Or worse, hardware you’ve bought thinking you’d own it for a decade can wind up being little more than a pricey paperweight.

      • 3 Out Of 4 Americans Support Community Broadband, Yet 19 States Still Ban Or Hinder Such Networks

        For years a growing number of US towns and cities have been forced into the broadband business thanks to US telecom market failure. Frustrated by high prices, lack of competition, spotty coverage, and terrible customer service, some 750 US towns and cities have explored some kind of community broadband option. And while the telecom industry routinely likes to insist these efforts always end in disaster, that’s never actually been true. While there certainly are bad business plans and bad leaders, studies routinely show that such services not only see far better customer satisfaction scores than large private ISPs, they frequently offer better service at lower, more transparent pricing than many private providers.

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • EPO Announces End Of Arrangements To Automatically Obtain Priority Documents From Certain Other Patent Offices [Ed: The defunct and corrupt EPO will sooner or later will have nobody's blessing but WIPO's and Team UPC's. Organised crime tends to sort of alienate the European public, which cannot be kept ignorant eternally, e.g. by bribing and SLAPPing the media]

          The European Patent Office (EPO) has been participating in WIPO’s Digital Access Service (DAS) for the exchange of certified copies of priority documents since 2018 (see our earlier report here). Initially, the EPO’s participation in DAS did not affect pre-existing arrangements through which the EPO automatically obtained copies of Japanese, Chinese, Korean and US priority applications even when a DAS code was not provided.

          However, the EPO announced in March 2020 that its arrangement with the Japanese patent office would cease on 31 December 2021 and that the EPO would no longer automatically obtain copies of Japanese priority documents from 1 July 2020 onwards (for further details, please see the EPO announcements here and here).

          The EPO has now announced that it will also be ceasing its arrangements with the Chinese, Korean and US patent offices on 30 June 2023 and will no longer automatically obtain copies of Chinese, Korean and US priority documents from 1 January 2022 onwards (for further details, please see the EPO announcements here and here).

        • PTE Alert: interlocutory injunction refused in Tecfidera® dispute [Ed: Will Australia carry on cracking down on manic patent maximalists?]

          In early November Pearce IP reported on a number of Federal Court decisions which appear to indicate flaws in the Australian Patent Office’s interpretation of the eligibility requirements for a patent term extension (PTE). Orders made yesterday in the Biogen v Pharmacor (Tecfidera®) litigation refusing Biogen’s interlocutory injunction application may add to that trend, although the reasons have not yet been published. The orders also indicate that the tide may be turning against patentees in relation to interlocutory injunctions.

          [...]

          In her first substantive patent judgment, Justice Rofe refused the interlocutory injunction application. The judgment was not published pending an opportunity for the parties to seek suppression of any confidential information in it. As such, we do not yet know the Court’s findings on the above issues. The reasons for judgment will be published on 23 December 2021, and will no doubt contain important lessons for patent litigators and prosecutors alike.

          However at a more general level, the Pharmacor’s successful resistance of an interlocutory injunction seems to at least widen the hole in what has been a largely impenetrable interlocutory injunction net for generics to date. In recent years, Courts hearing such applications have placed increasing emphasis on the strength (or lack thereof) of the infringement case when viewed in the context of the invalidity arguments. We assume that the strength of Pharmacor’s invalidity arguments was a key factor for the Court in this case too. Additionally, recent damages inquiry cases have highlighted the difficulties in establishing and quantifying the damage to a generic if an injunction is wrongly granted, with several judges sounding warnings to this effect in interlocutory injunction contexts. It may be that Rofe J’s judgment in this case indicates a further application of these principles to limit cases in which interlocutory injunctions will be granted in pharmaceutical cases.

        • USPTO is Changing Policy for Electronic Retrieval of European Priority Applications [Ed: EPO is chaotic in recent years]

          The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has announced that the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Digital Access Service (DAS) will be used to manage the electronic retrieval of European (EP) priority applications beginning on January 1, 2022.

        • EPO rejects DABUS appeal [Ed: Trolling for a living; these people know they are attacking the very basic notions of patent systems, but they crave publicity for their trolling]

          The EPO Board of Appeal confirmed on Tuesday, December 21, that European patents must name human inventors, in a defeat for the legal team behind the Artificial Inventor Project.

          The decision emerged from an appeal seeking to have the AI tool DABUS recognised as an inventor.

          The board has yet to issue a written decision but explained that under the European Patent Convention (EPC), an inventor had to be a person with legal capacity.

          Where no such natural person exists, there can be no patent, the board contended.

          Ryan Abbott, the lead for DABUS’s legal team, commented in a social media post: “The board recognised this means that there is no way to patent AI-generated inventions under the EPC despite widespread support, including from EPO, for protecting such inventions.”

          Speaking to Managing IP earlier this month, Marcus Rieck, one of the lawyers representing the DABUS team at the EPO, expressed hope that the office might find a solution to this problem.

          His comments came after Germany’s Federal Patent Court ruled that applicants must name human inventors but could specify if AI tools were also involved in the inventive process.

          The edict demonstrated that intellectual property offices were keen to find a solution to the problem of how to protect AI-generated inventions, Rieck said.

          The EPO appeal was the DABUS team’s final shot in what has been something of a breakthrough year for the AI tool.

          A judge at Australia’s Federal Court ruled in favour of recognising DABUS as an inventor in July, leading to an appeal from the country’s IP office.

          The team has also filed an appeal at the UK Supreme Court against the refusal to grant a UK patent naming DABUS as the inventor.

          The England and Wales Court of Appeal ruled in a two-to-one decision in September that a successful patent application required a human inventor.

          Notably, Lord Justice Colin Birss dissented, although his opinion turned mostly on points of procedure.

        • EPO Appeal Board Affirms Only Humans Can Be Inventors [Ed: British university continues to waste money and embarrass itself by trolling courts and patent offices; only the delirious patent extremists are enjoying this]

          The board that oversees European Patent Office appeals said on Tuesday that only humans can be listed as inventors on patents, shooting down a scientist who is trying to get an artificial intelligence machine named on patents.

          Under the European Patent Convention, patents can only be granted with humans as inventors, according to the Legal Board of Appeal. The board was reviewing an appeal filed by Stephen Thaler, who has been trying to get patents around the world for inventions by his AI machine called DABUS — Device for Autonomous Bootstrapping of Unified Sentience — that did not involve human intervention….

        • UK review offers first test of SEP policy after Brexit [Ed: UK policy and patent trolls disguised using euphemisms such as “SEP” (the #patents that ought not exist at all)]

          Implementers say the review gives them an opportunity to drive necessary change in the post-Unwired Planet patent stronghold

        • Top patent partner and judge moves 2021 [Ed: JUVE continues to prop up illegal agenda with statements like “UPC increases footfall”; this is a great example of corrupt media whose business model is to spread lies for those standing to benefit from the lies; in this case a crime, too. Fake news is a whole industry now.]

          In Germany, Allen & Overy hired former Hogan Lovells partner Stephan Neuhaus as partner in an important move to strengthen the firm’s presence in Düsseldorf. Then, in November, IP boutique Finnegan Henderson Farabow Garrett & Dunner became the latest US firm to pitch up on German soil.

      • Trademarks

        • Hey The North Face! When You Said Sending Us A Bogus Trademark Threat Was A Mistake, We Believed You; So Why Did You Do It Again?

          Hey The North Face! Hi, how are you? We keep meeting like this and I really wish it would stop. As you may recall, last month, the “brand protection” company that you hired, Yellow Brand Protection, currently owned by Corsearch, sent us a completely bogus legal threat claiming that our news story from nine years earlier — about someone you threatened for creating a parody image of a patch (not an actual patch and not for sale) saying “Hey Fuck Face” — was somehow infringing.

        • Recommended Reading: The Trademark Reporter, November-December 2021 Issue

          INTA has published the November-December, 2021 (Vol. 111 No. 6) issue of The Trademark Reporter (TMR). [pdf here]. Willard Knox, Editor-in-Chief, summarizes the contents as follows (and below): “In this issue, we offer our readers the 2021 Ladas Memorial Award-winning articles in the Student category—one on cultural misappropriation and the other on obscene, profane, and vulgar trademarks—and a review of an essential one-volume treatise on likelihood of confusion.”

      • Copyrights

        • ‘Widevine Dump”: Leaked Code Downloads HD Video from Disney+, Amazon, and Netflix

          A GitHub user who goes by the name “Widevinedump” has published several repositories that allow people to download HD video from popular streaming platforms, including Disney+, Amazon, and Netflix. The code appears to be the real deal but the ‘free’ use is fairly limited and may not be very secure either.

        • Judge Throws Out Triller Lawsuit Against ‘Jake Paul’ Pirate Streaming Site

          Triller’s legal campaign against sites that allegedly streamed the Jake Paul vs. Ben Askren boxing match last April has suffered another setback. Alleged pirate streaming site Online2LiveStream has been sued twice by the promotor but in common with the first dismissal, a court has thrown the second case out after Triller failed to comply with the court’s orders.

12.27.21

Links 28/12/2021: New antiX Kernels, Self-Hosted ‘Home Assistant’

Posted in News Roundup at 9:36 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • Kernel prepatch 5.16-rc7

        The 5.16-rc7 kernel prepatch is out for testing. “Obviously the holidays are a big reason it’s all small, so it’s not like this is a sign of us having found all bugs, and we’ll keep at this for at least two more weeks”.

      • Latest antiX kernels

        Latest antiX kernels should now be in the repos.
        All users are strongly advised to upgrade (via synaptic, cli-aptiX or package-installer).

      • Apple Broadcom Wi-Fi Chips Now Supported in Linux on T2 and M1 Macs

        Hector Martin, the guy behind the Linux port for Silicon Macs, announced on Twitter over the weekend that has added support for Apple Broadcom Wi-Fi chips used in T2 and M1 Macs.

    • Applications

      • My 40 most favorite applications for Linux in 2021

        And so we reached the end of my best apps list and preferred app list for the year 2021. A list that is of course personal to me and can look different for everyone else. But by sharing this kind of information and the reasoning behind my choices, I hope I can help some of you start using applications that you may not have known or considered using. Next to creating my own, I also like to read these kinds of lists from others, because it gives me new ideas and keeps the drive to keep trying new things and investigating new things, alive. If you want to share your list, please feel free via my contact page.

        Linux and everything around it is a fantastic hobby for me and I notice that others get excited when I talk to them about the possibilities of Linux. Only if we share our enthusiasm with friends, colleagues, etc, is it possible to turn what I believe to be the wrong image of Linux in the right direction, namely a productive, simple, beautiful and user-friendly platform, as the old image of too technical, too complex and not user-friendly has long been gone.

        To end this article, I wish you fun trying out some of the applications from this list and I hope to talk to you again soon via a new article. I wish you a good end of 2021 and much love and health to your friends and family.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to Install MariaDB 10.7 on openSUSE Leap 15

        MariaDB is one of the most popular open-source databases next to its originator MySQL. The original creators of MySQL developed MariaDB in response to fears that MySQL would suddenly become a paid service due to Oracle acquiring it in 2010. With its history of doing similar tactics, the developers behind MariaDB have promised to keep it open source and free from such fears as what has happened to MySQL.

        MariaDB has become just as popular as MySQL with developers, with advanced clustering with Galera Cluster 4, faster cache/indexes, storage engines, and features/extensions that you won’t find in MySQL.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install MariaDB 10.7 on openSUSE Leap 15.

      • How to Set Up and Configure OpenVPN Server and Client on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. – Unixcop the Unix / Linux the admins deams

        So, in this guide you will learn how to Set Up and Configure OpenVPN Server and Client on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS.

        Open source OpenVPN uses VPN technologies to secure and encrypt data sent over the internet. Its custom VPN protocol uses SSL/TLS for key exchange and released under the GNU GPL license.

      • How To Install Zoom Client on Fedora 35 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Zoom Client on Fedora 35. For those of you who didn’t know, Zoom application is one of the most popular applications these days. The Zoom cloud meetings application provides simplified video conferencing with real-time messaging and content sharing over the internet. It provides free video call, chat, and remote desktop sharing services but with time and participant limitations. The users with paid subscriptions can host a meeting of up to 1000 people with no time restriction. You can easily download Zoom on your PC to start video conferencing with your colleagues and friends around the world.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Zoom Client on a Fedora 35.

      • How to Create Librem File Backups – Purism

        Backing up and restoring your Librem devices can all be done with the same backups application. It’s always secure to keep a recent backup in case you lose or damage your device. To get started, you’ll need your device (of course!) and an external hard drive or a remote Nextcloud supporting WebDAV.

      • How to install FL Studio 20 on a Chromebook with Crossover 21 – Updated Tutorial

        Today we are looking at how to install FL Studio 20 on a Chromebook with Crossover 21. Please follow the video/audio guide as a tutorial where we explain the process step by step and use the commands below.

      • How to upgrade to Krita 5.0 on Linux

        Krita 5.0 is out for Linux users, and it is packed with new and exciting features. If you’ve been looking to upgrade to 5.0, this guide will help! Follow along as we show you how you can upgrade to Krita 5.0 on Linux!

      • How to upload photos to Flickr from the Linux desktop

        Krita 5.0 is out for Linux users, and it is packed with new and exciting features. If you’ve been looking to upgrade to 5.0, this guide will help! Follow

      • Install SQLite on Debian 11 / Ubuntu 20.04 – Unixcop the Unix / Linux the admins deams

        Hello, friends. Although the database industry is dominated on a large scale by solutions such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQL Server or Oracle, there are also alternatives for different projects. One of these solutions is SQLite. So, in this post, you will learn how to install SQLite on Debian / Ubuntu and take the first steps with this program.

      • How to Install Fedora Workstation 35 from USB

        Fedora is one of the most stable and bleeding edge Linux distributions. It’s great for software development, web development, multimedia, office works, and many more.

        Fedora Workstation 35 is the latest version of Fedora Linux distribution. Fedora Workstation 35 features the latest version of the GNOME Desktop Environment – GNOME 41. It also has lots of updated software packages.

        In this article, I am going to show you how to create a Fedora Workstation 35 bootable USB thumb drive and install Fedora Workstation 35 on your computer from the USB thumb drive. So, let’s get started.

      • How to install Gnome 41 in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS using PPA – Linux Shout

        While doing this tutorial, Gnome 41 was not still available for Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal using the official APT repository. However, we can install Gnome on Ubuntu 20.04 Focal fossa using an unofficial PPA. And here we let you know how to do that?

        Similar to KDE, Gnome has existed for over two decades and has reinvented itself several times during this time. The previous major version of Gnome, 40th, also brought significant visual changes compared to the previous version.

        The Gnome project has released version 41 of its Linux / Unix desktop. In addition to a significantly improved settings dialog, it offers an improved calendar application, “Connections” for remote connections to other computers, and improvements to the Nautilus file manager. On top of that, the developers promise more oomph through various performance improvements.

      • How to Install Mattermost on Debian 11 | RoseHosting

        Mattermost is a self-hosted and open-source online chat service designed to be used as an internal chat platform for companies and organizations. It is one of the main alternatives to the Slack Chat and Microsoft Teams platforms.

      • How To Eliminate All Screen Tearing On Linux – Invidious

        Screen Tearing on linux can be increidbly annoying but it doesn’t have to be there, in fact there’s a way to just turn it off and no longer have to deal with it.

      • Using two-factor authentication with Ubuntu 21.04

        The following guide explains how to use the Google Authenticator PAM module on Ubuntu for both SSH and sudo authentication. Usernames and passwords can undoubtedly be broken utilizing plenty of hacking methods. So, any organization or element that seriously treats security needs to carry out 2-Factor confirmation.

        In addition to the conventional password provided. An extra layer of authentication will be added for SSH. That extra layer will be Google authenticator. Where using google authenticator the password will be generated on your mobile device. This will add an extra layer of security while accessing your server using SSH. This two-factor authentication system will improve the security liability of the server or other related resources.

        So, in our scenario, we will be using SSH and Ubuntu 21.04 for demonstration purposes. A smart device installed with Google Authenitcator is required, android in our case.

      • Set Up Open VPN Server and Client on CentOS 8. – Unixcop the Unix / Linux the admins deams

        In this post, you will learn how to set up Open VPN Server and Client on CentOS 8.

        A virtual private network extends a private network across a public network and enables users to send and receive data across shared or public networks as if their computing devices were directly connected to the private network.

      • How to Utilize Kubectl in Verbose Log Level

        Kubernetes is the foundation for handling the containerized submissions through numerous hosts and provides a simple appliance for organizing, maintaining, and scrabbling the applications. Kubernetes is a helpful tool for arranging and handling the applications. However, even experienced Kubernetes devotees agree that Kubernetes placements and debugging broken pods can be difficult. This is due to the dispersed nature of Kubernetes that marks it as difficult to imitate the particular problem and define the reason.

        Whether fixing the application in Kubernetes or on a computer, it’s important to ensure that the process stays the same. The tools used are identical, but Kubernetes is used to examine the form and outputs. We can utilize kubectl to begin the debugging procedure at any time or utilize some debugging tools. This article describes certain common strategies that we utilize to fix the Kubernetes placement and some definite faults we can assume.

        In addition, we learn how to organize and manage Kubernetes clusters and how to arrange the whole policy to the cloud with constant assimilation and continuous distribution. In this tutorial, we are going to discuss further the Kubernetes clusters and the method of debugging and retrieving the logs from the application.

      • The Kubectl Debug Feature

        A common problem with new Kubernetes installations is when a service is not performing properly. You have created a service and run your Pods via a deployment or another task controller. However, nothing happens when you try to access it. In this post, we will explain the background of debugging, a new feature in kubectl. Each Pod in Kubernetes runs as a docker container, which is separated using the Linux namespace isolation feature. For processes, each container has its filesystem. The debug capability automates container attachment and namespace sharing with a single command and no manifest files.

        Every developer and DevOps engineer who works with Kubernetes has to debug containerized workloads and Pods daily. Simple kubectl logs or kubectl describe Pods can often pinpoint the source of a problem. However, certain issues are more difficult to track down. You could attempt kubectl exec in certain cases. However, even that might not be adequate because some containers, such as Distroless, don’t even have a shell that you can SSH into. So, if all of the foregoing fails, what are our options? The kubectl debug, as a new instruction added not long ago (v1.18), would be the right tool for troubleshooting workloads on Kubernetes.

      • Kubectl Exec Command With Arguments

        The kubectl exec command creates easy to accomplish tasks remotely within the current container of the pod. If we want to see the contents, status, and environment of the container, it is simple. The kubectl exec command is a lifesaver for all users who frequently interrelate with containerized Kubernetes requests. We can examine and fix the app by running different commands in the container. Kubectl is one of the tools for running Kubernetes commands.

        In this article, we are going to describe the syntax of kubectl, actions of different commands, and common instances. We have to create the situation on the container for the procedure to run effectively. The real purpose of using the shell script is to construct the environment according to the requirement and start the core procedure. When using this procedure, shell scripts are assigned PID 1 instead of a method. Therefore, we must operate the exec command to begin the procedure. This is the built-in instruction of the shell script. The exec instruction substitutes the script with the required application. At that time, PID 1 is directed to the procedure. This artifact gives specifics on how to use the kubectl exec command.

      • Kubectl Ignore Certificate

        TLS encryption is an essential requirement of a secure system. This system spontaneously supports TLS termination/HTTP. This simplifies TLS encryption and centralizes TLS termination for every resource in Kubernetes. This instinctive certificate management is useful for simple TLS configurations in a cluster. However, open-source representatives access the requirements provided by the certificate to activate TLS. In this article, we describe the procedure of assisting TLS using a certificate formed by using the OpenSSL service.

      • How to Run the Kubectl Exec Commands

        When we make a pod, we have to define the commands and parameters for the containers running on the pod. Before starting a command, we add a field of command to the conformation file. To describe the command and parameters, we have to add the args field to the conformation file. We cannot modify the definite commands and arguments once the pod is formed. The commands and parameters described in the configuration file supersede the default commands and parameters delivered through the container image. When we state an argument but not a command, the definite command is utilized with a different argument. Command fields relate to specific container’s runtime entry points. We will make a pod that runs a different container. The pod’s configuration folder states the command and parameters.

        A kubectl command-line service is an influential tool that we can utilize to build items and interrelate through the Kubernetes API. Though by this time, it makes sense to run the kubectl commands, which are applied to every Kubernetes item. In this article, we are going to discuss kubectl exec multiple commands.

      • How to Delete a Node in Kubernetes

        Kubernetes manages your workload by dividing it into Pods that execute on Nodes. A node might be a physical or virtual machine, as it completely depends on the cluster. The control plane manages each node, containing the services required to execute Pods. In a cluster, there are usually numerous nodes. However, in a learning or resource-limited context, there may be only one node. The kubelet, the kube-proxy, and a container runtime are all installed on a node. Using the kubectl commands, you can easily delete a pod from a Kubernetes node. Before you delete a pod, however, you should go through the following steps. This article will provide the complete guidelines on how to delete a Kubernetes node.

        We have implemented this tutorial on an Ubuntu 20.04 Linux system. You can also do the same. Let’s get the minikube cluster up and running on an Ubuntu 20.04 Linux server by using the attached command.

      • How to create temporary files using mktemp on Linux

        Temporary files and directories are very important: they can be used from shell scripts for example, to store information which are necessary to complete some tasks and can be safely removed once the work is done. In this tutorial we will see how to safely create temporary files and directories using the mktemp utility on Linux.

      • Introduction to crypttab with examples

        In a Linux based operating system, the crypttab file (/etc/crypttab), is used to store static information about encrypted block devices which are meant to be set up and unlocked at boot. In this tutorial we learn how it is structured and how to organize data in it.

    • Games

      • Whipping Together A Little Ray Tracer Racer | Hackaday

        When you hear raytracing, you might think of complex dark algorithms that to stare too long at their source code invites the beginning of madness. And you’re technically not far off from the truth, but [h3r2tic] put a small open-source ray tracing game demo up on GitHub. The actual rust code powering the game is relatively short (just four files), with the longest file being the physics file. But, of course, there is a small mountain of code under this sample in the form of libraries.

        Kajiya, physx-rs, and dolly are the three libraries that make this little demo possible. Kajiya, in particular, is what makes raytracing possible as it uses the newer RTX features (so only more recent Nvidia and AMD cards are supported) and Vulkan bindings. But, of course, it isn’t wholly ray-traced as we are still several years out from proper real-time raytracing. Nevertheless, the blend between raytracing and traditional rasterization looks incredible. The most important thing about this simple tiny sample isn’t the game itself but what it stands for. It shows how easy it is to create a sample like this. Even just five years, creating a demo like this required massive effort and expertise.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • Desktop Environment Vs. Window Manager

        Every new Linux user is likely to run across the question of what the difference is between a desktop environment and a window manager at some point in their learning process. I’ve been asked this question several times, and the answer isn’t always simple. It depends on the questioner’s previous knowledge and how well he has grasped the basics of a Linux operating system.

        In this article, I will attempt to answer this question from the standpoint of a new Linux user. For new users, please have a seat and join us as we begin the article. For more experienced users who have anything to contribute to the subject, please start a discussion below this post or join our Discord community. I will surely add valuable information in the article shared by the community members.

      • Enlightenment Desktop Update Brings a New Look, Fingerprint Support + More – OMG! Ubuntu!

        An all-new version of the Enlightenment desktop for Linux and BSD has been released.

        Arriving over the Christmas period, Enlightenment 0.25.x (E25) is a sizeable update to the innovative window manager n’ shell combo, and includes new versions of many core modules.

        Now, Enlightenment is not strictly a ‘desktop environment’ per se, more a collection of modular technologies designed to work together. Still, the end result looks a lot like a desktop environment so, in much the same way people refer to KDE Neon as a Linux distro, many people call Enlightenment a desktop environment — it’s shorthand.

        There are some really great visual additions shipping in E25, including a new ‘flat’ look and theme, higher-quality wallpapers, and window previews when hovering over Tasks.

        Additionally, devs say they’ve refactored code for screen dimming/blanking/timeout, added gesture recognition for touchpads via elput, improved monitoring of hardware temperatures via hwmon, and made it easy to see Bluetooth battery levels from within the Enlightenment desktop.

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • KDE’s Plasma Wayland Session Achieves Better Battery Life Than With X.Org – Phoronix

          Last week I posted some benchmarks looking at the laptop battery life implications of GNOME’s Wayland vs. X.Org sessions. From that testing with a Lenovo ThinkPad T14s Gen2 with AMD Ryzen 7 PRO 5850U laptop, the GNOME Wayland session led to around 3 Watt lower power consumption than with the same software stack while logging into the X.Org-based session. For those curious about the KDE Wayland vs. X.Org power impact, here is the same set of tests carried out in the KDE space.

          Due to reader interest stemming from that GNOME testing last week, off the Ryzen 7 PRO 5850U powered notebook running Ubuntu 21.10, I ran the same tests with the KDE Plasma Wayland and KDE Plasma X.Org sessions side-by-side with the GNOME results.

    • Distributions

      • Manjaro 21.2 Qonos Gnome – It’s an alright distro, but …

        Linux distros seem to be a game of chance. Take five categories of functional usability. Now, three of these will be excellent, and two will be awful, and you can choose how to assemble the final model, but you won’t get away from the equation. Something will be brilliant, and something will suck, and in the next release, the odds will change in a random way, and round and round we go. This was exciting in 2007, it’s sad in 2021. The number of people who actually want to stick by the classic desktop is not getting bigger, newer generations don’t have our fascination with the keyboard and mouse (apart from the cruel reality of work), and each day, the dream of Linux making it big gets that much farther away. And it comes down, among many various reasons, to the total lack of product focus, no quality control or any serious testing, and dev-focused, dev-driven design.

        Manjaro 20.2 fits the description well. Some superb points coupled to 2005 command-line tricks that no one wants or needs, dubious ergonomic choices, and just too much inconsistency to rely on for serious work. I know the nerds will hate me, ignore me, label me [favorite ad hominem], whatever, but that does not change the fact that only a pure, dedicated techie can and will be able to commit oneself to Qonos. Now, that said, I am actually cautiously optimistic about Manjaro. Over the years, it’s showed steady progress. Yes, lots of inconsistency and randomness, but there’s progress, too.

        This means, one day, Manjaro could be a mature, reliable system for ordinary people as well as diehard techies. I just hope that happens before total Digital Dystopia befalls us, before the “bullshit as a service” devours us all. That’s the reason for my bitterness, dear nerds. It’s not that I hate Linux, it’s that I hate the world that awaits us, and resent the fact no distro has managed to redeem us yet, because they are all stuck in a self-feeding loop of dev-centric mantras that have no bearing to 99% of people out there. Anyway, Qonos ain’t bad, but its Gnome flavor is probably not the best choice, and you might as well give it a try, see what gives.

      • Linux Distro Types Explained: Originals, Derivatives, Flavors

        If you’ve heard about Linux, you’ve probably heard terms like Fork, Derivative, and Flavor. They refer to different Linux distro types, so let’s learn more about them.

        These terms being used to distinguish one type of distribution from another and they are actually very helpful. In fact, they help you differentiate between how a particular Linux distribution will work from another one.

        If you don’t know what these terms means, don’t worry. In this article I’m going to break down this terms, explain what they mean and how you can use these terms to narrow down your options in picking the best Linux distribution for you.

        Above all there are two terms that are like main hierarchy terms – Original distributions and Derivative distributions.

      • SUSE/OpenSUSE

        • Download redirector current state – openSUSE News

          Package updates are a bit controversial point in the openSUSE world and sometimes are related to questionable user experience, especially for those who are outside of Europe and the US.

          It is important to understand that it is controversial to compare to experience in other distributions because openSUSE infrastructure is responsible not only for downloading Leap and Tumbleweed packages but potentially any other OBS project on any supported architecture / OS. This makes openSUSE infrastructure care about ~95000 various projects, which can receive updates every moment; compared to 5-8 projects with more or less defined release schedule in the typical infrastructure of other Linux providers.

          Now, somebody can point out that openSUSE could split those challenges and provide a more consistent experience for selected projects like Leap and Tumbleweed, and have a separate solution for other OBS projects. This way allows minimizing chances of poor experience for most users and newcomers. And that will be a correct observation, just it doesn’t make the overall technical challenge much simpler and potentially will require more resources to enable and support both solutions. In any case, this paper doesn’t have the intention of going deeper into such discussion and its main goal is to serve general OBS downloads and Leap / Tumbleweed downloads as part of that.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • 5 Redhat enterprise based alternatives for CentOS 8 | 7 in 2022

          Here is the list of best RHEL based CentOS 7 or 8 Linux server alternatives or replacements in 2022 to start hosting server applications on Cloud or VPS. Well, if you don’t want to go through articles then AlmaLinux and RockyLinux are the best CentOS alternatives to go with.

          With the end of support in CentOS 8 by RHEL, people start looking for Linux distribution to replace their existing CentOS 8 or looking to upgrade CentOS 7 to some other compatible one. Well, your quest might end here, if you are one of them.

          Although we have an Ubuntu server to replace CentOS, however, there are many users already using RPM-based server applications. Hence, the Debian-based server wouldn’t be a great option. Of course, those who want to start from scratch to set up their servers, can for sure go for it.

          Well, the CentOS version series 7. x, which will receive updates until the regular end of support in June 2024, remains unaffected. CentOS 7.9 will therefore be the last edition to be created from the RHEL sources. The reason behind this is that still many companies relied on CentOS 7. Therefore, the CentOS developers do not want to stop the distribution prematurely.

          Whereas, as Redhat announced CentOS 8 will be available as a rolling distro in the form of Stream. Well, those are already using the Stream version, then maybe you want to get and test the CentOS 9 Stream available as an ISO file.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • 10 Cool Things to do With Linux Mint

          Linux Mint is one of the most popular Linux distros that focuses on simplicity, stability, and availability of software packages. It strives to be a modern, elegant, and comfortable operating system that’s easy to use. Because it’s based in Ubuntu, it also comes with robust community support.

          In this guide, we’ll explore some of the most interesting and cool things you can do with Linux Mint.

        • Ubuntu Fridge | Ubuntu Weekly Newsletter Issue 715

          Welcome to the Ubuntu Weekly Newsletter, Issue 715 for the week of December 19 – 25, 2021.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Productivity Software/LibreOffice/Calligra

      • Funding

        • How to get selected for Outreachy internships

          We recently documented the series of encounters linking Chris Lamb with an Albanian woman who received travel grants and a $6,000 Outreachy internship from Debian.

          Other women may want to apply for the same funds in future. We don’t want to cause any embarrassment, we are simply providing more details to help other women decide if they want to take risks with Debian.

          The woman began contributing as an OpenStreetMap (OSM) volunteer. She has contributed as a mapper, not as a developer. She was invited to the State of the Map conference to give a talk about community. She has good speaking skills.

          She enrolled in undergraduate studies in agriculture. She worked part time in various jobs that do not involve technology.

          OSM Belgium runs a monthly Mapper of the Month interview. In 2018 they selected this woman for the interview, she answers a wide range of questions.

          It is an unfortunate coincidence, these interviews were run by OSM Belgium and her ex was an OSM mapper from Belgium. He blogged a series of photos from the infamous FOSSCamp where Albanians used funds from free software organizations to travel to the Greek island of Syros. Here they are together:

        • Matcher Interview – Mark Galassi [Ed: Supporting people who attack the FSF for personal gain?]

          This fundraising season we were incredibly fortunate to be supported by so many individuals. In addition to our large anonymous donors, we had a few people contribute to bump up the number. One of donors was a board member, Mark Galassi, who runs The Institute for Computing in Research. We asked him a few questions about free software and his passion and motivations for interdisciplinary research.

      • Programming/Development

        • It’s Printable, It’s Programmable, It’s E. Coli | Hackaday

          Well, whaddya know? It seems that E. coli, the bane of Romaine and spinach everywhere, has at least one practical use. Researchers at Harvard have created a kind of 3D-printable ink that is alive and made entirely of microbes produced by E. coli. Although this is not the first so-called living ink, it does hold the title of the first living ink that doesn’t need any additional polymers to provide structure.

        • Rust Dev Lang – how to view onboard html based documentation (man page) – The Rust Standard Library
        • Perl/Raku

          • 2021.52 JDV Released – Rakudo Weekly News

            Justin DeVuyst has announced the 2021.12 Rakudo Compiler Release, their first release and hopefully the first of many to come! Claudio Ramirez quickly provided Linux packages for this release. And JJ Merelo published updated Docker Containers. And Anton Oks published a new Rakudo Star Windows image. Good to see such cooperation! And good to see more and more coverage about the Raku Programming Language!

        • C++

          • Beginner C++ Projects

            Students might find it challenging to get started with long and expert-level projects when learning a new language. Students used to derive help from books, online programming tutorials, and guides. However, these sources are not enough when you want to become an expert at a certain language. Hence, they try to search for projects which are less complicated, short, and simple to accomplish within the initial stage of practice. Within this guide, we will let you know about some C++ beginner projects along with their codes that are short and easy. Now, let’s start with Ubuntu 20.04 system.

          • Array as Parameter C++

            Functions in C++ can accept different types of arguments when they are called. In the same manner, an array can also be passed as a parameter to a function in C++. To figure out whether passing an array as a parameter to a function in C++ is the same as passing any other type of argument to a function or not, you will have to give a read to this article.

          • Argc and Argv C++

            While writing C++ programs, we all know that the “main()” function is considered very important since we cannot compile our program if the implementation of this function is missing. Just like all other functions in C++, the “main()” function is also capable of accepting arguments. However, the difference between passing arguments to the “main()” function from passing arguments to the other functions is that you have to pass the arguments through the command line in the former case. It is so because the “main()” function itself is the driver function which is why no other function is capable of calling it and passing arguments to it. In this article, we will be discussing the two parameters of the “main()” function, i.e., “argc” and “argv” in C++ in Ubuntu 20.04.

        • Java

          • Convert List to Array in Java

            A list differs from an array, in the sense that it can grow or shrink in length. It can also have elements inserted within its length, and so increasing the length. It can also have its elements deleted. If the aim of the list is not to make it grow or shrink or have any special function, then the array should be used. And so, it would be necessary to convert a list to an array.

            In Java, a list is not a class. It is an interface. An interface in Java is like an abstract class, but it is not meant to be subclassed. An interface is meant to have unrelated classes. The method declarations without body of the interface are defined in a class implemented from the interface. This should not be confused with instantiation. An object is instantiated from a class. A method is implemented from an abstract method, which may be a member of an interface, or an abstract class. With the interface, the “abstract” method declaration is not preceded by the reserved word, abstract. Note: a class created from an interface is said to have implemented the interface.

            Among classes of list already implemented in the Java compiler, are the ArrayList, LinkedList and Vector. These three classes will be used to show how a list can be converted into an array in this article, beginning with the ArrayList.

          • Java Thread Sleep

            A thread can be made to halt its execution for some time before it continues to operate. The thread is considered to sleep, in the period that it halts. But, what is a thread? A thread is a sub-program. It is possible to have more than one thread in one program, running concurrently. The main program itself is the main thread. A single threaded program is just the normal program. In Java, the normal program is the class that has the main() method. In a multi-threaded program, the main() method, can be considered as the main thread.

            A thread can be created by sub-classing the Thread class. The thread can be made to sleep. This article explains how to make a thread sleep, beginning with a summary of how to create a new thread in Java. The Thread class does not need to be imported in order to have a thread in the program.

          • Recursion in Java

            Recursion in Java is the calling of a method, by the method, from within the method. This action repeats itself until a condition is met. The method should be a method in a class, other than one in the main class. The main class is the class that has the main() method. The name of the Java file is that of the main class. A static method in the main class can still be made recursive, but that will not be addressed in this article. This article explains recursion in Java, with three good examples.

          • Java Thread Timer Usage

            In Java, a timer is a class from which timer objects can be instantiated. The timer schedules task for execution in the near future. A task is like a method (function). Java has the class, TimerTask from which task objects can be instantiated. Different tasks are scheduled to operate (execute) at different times. This tutorial explains how to instantiate and use the timer object in Java, beginning with the instantiation of the TimerTask object and its nature.

          • Java instanceof Operator

            The instanceof operator checks if its operand on the left is an object of its operand on the right. If yes, it returns true, otherwise it returns false, or issues an error message at compile time. The operand on the left should be an instantiated object of the operand on the right. The operand on the right is a type, e.g. a class.

          • 2D Array in Java

            In Java, a one-dimensional array is a consecutive set of values of the same type. The type of the values is the type of the array. A 1D array is an object from the Object superclass. A 1d array is a list. In this article, the list for the one-dimensional array is assumed to be displayed in a vertical column. A 1d array has the property length, which returns the number of elements in the array.

            A two-dimensional array is a table. A table is a vertical list of horizontal lists. In Java, a two-dimensional array is an array of arrays. That is, a 2d array is a vertical array of horizontal arrays. That is, a 2D array in Java is a vertical list of horizontal lists. The 2D array has rows and columns. The length of the 2D array is the number of rows, which is the length property of the 1D column array. All the values in all the cells of the table are of the same type; this is said to be the type of the 2D array.

            This article explains, what a 2D array in Java is, and how to create and access its elements. All code for this article takes place in the main() method.

          • && and & Operators in Java

            In Java, && is called the conditional-And operator. It is an example of a logical operator in Java. As another operator, & has two functions in Java. In one situation, it is called a logical-And operator. In the other situation, it is called the bitwise-AND operator. Each of these operators is a binary operator. This means that each has an operand on its left and on its right. The result of all that expression can be assigned to a variable. These operators work with primitive types, and so its class does not have to be imported by the programmer.

          • Absolute Value in Java

            A number can be an int, a long, a float, or a double. The difference between an int and a long variable is that the long variable can hold a bigger value than an int variable. A long variable can also hold a number that an int would hold. Each of these number types can be negative or positive. For example, an int can be -5 or +5. When it is +5, the plus sign in front of it can be omitted.

            So, a number can be negative or positive. Absolute value is simply the positive value of the pair. The positive value is still the number without a sign. Java has the math abs() method to return the absolute number. So, if the argument is -5, 5 will be returned. If the argument is +5 or 5, 5 will be returned. Java also has the absExact() method – see below.

            These methods are all of the Math class. The Math class does not have to be imported by the programmer to be used. This article explains the use of the abs() and absExact() methods of the math class.

  • Leftovers

    • Science

      • Taste The Television: TTTV | Hackaday

        Associate Professor [Homei Miyashita] from Meiji University’s School of Science and Technology in Tokyo has developed a new technology for reproducing taste on a television or monitor, a system called Taste the TV (TTTV). The team of researchers used taste sensors to sample a variety of foods, and came up with a palette of 10 different aerosol flavors which can be combined in various ratios. The taste is generated in a staging area at the top of the screen onto a thin plastic film, which is then scrolled down into position.

    • Hardware

      • Single Bit Computer From Vacuum Tubes | Hackaday

        Culminating a year-long project, [Usagi Electric] aka [David] has just wrapped up his single-bit vacuum tube computer. It is based on the Motorola MC14500 1-bit industrial controller, but since [David] changed the basic logic unit into an arithmetic-logic unit, he’s dubbing it the UE14500. Built on a wooden panel about 2.5 x 3 rabbit lengths excluding power supply. [David] admits he has cheated a little bit, in that he’s using two silicon diodes instead of a 6AL5 dual diode tube in his universal NOR gate on which the computer is based — but in his defense he notes that plenty of vacuum tube computers of the era used silicon diodes.

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • Voluntary licensing on the rise as Medicines Patent Pool signs second deal for COVID-19 treatment [Ed: This is not good enough; a “compromise” to avoid having these patent monopolies canceled altogether (as they ought to, for many reasons); Caution: Bristows bias]

          It was announced last week (16 November 2021) that Pfizer has agreed a voluntary licence with the UN-backed Medicines Patent Pool for Pfizer’s oral COVID-19 antiviral treatment candidate, PF-07321332. PF-07321332 has not yet been approved by regulators but has shown promising results in controlling symptoms of COVID-19. Recent interim analysis from Pfizer’s Phase 2/3 trial showed an 89% reduction in risk of COVID-19-related hospitalization or death compared to placebo in patients treated within three days of symptom onset. It will be administered with a low dose of ritonavir (a repurposed HIV antiviral medicine) which helps slow the breakdown of PF-07321332 in the body.

        • The United Arab Emirates Joined The Madrid System [Ed: WIPO is protecting the richest, while the rest of us are the ‘collateral damage’]

          The World Intellectual Property Organization (“WIPO”) has announced that it has received the United Arab Emirates’ accession document to the Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks (“Madrid Protocol”). Accordingly, the United Arab Emirates has become a member country of the Madrid System.

          Through the Madrid System, trademark owners can file a single international application to enjoy trademark protection in multiple member countries. Alongside facilitating the process of obtaining and managing trademark registrations, the Madrid System allows saving time and money by the single language and a single set of fees

        • European Union: Long Covid In The Way We Work [Ed: Henrik Skodt (aera) seems to be celebrating the EPO breaking the law because this suits some patent litigation companies, though nobody else]

          We have all had to adapt our way of working to the new reality we have lived in the last year. One significant change for those of us regularly doing oral proceedings before the European Patent Office (EPO) (and not living in the Munich area) is that we have not actually gone to the EPO since the beginning of the pandemic.

          The EPO showed great initiative when they introduced the pilot project for conducting oral proceedings in opposition proceedings by videoconference (ViCo) in May 2020. Until then, it had only been possible to do oral proceedings by ViCo before Examining Divisions. Since it was a pilot project, oral proceedings by ViCo before Opposition Divisions were made dependent on the consent of the parties to the proceedings.

        • New presiding judge for Munich Higher Regional Court’s patent-specialized 6th Civil Senate: Judge Lars Meinhardt succeeds Judge Konrad Retzer

          Munich is one of the world’s most important patent litigation hotspots. Last month the new patent litigation division of the Landgericht München I (Munich I Regional Court)–the 44. Zivilkammer (44th Civil Chamber)–held its premiere hearing. Today I’ve been able to find out from the press office of the Oberlandesgericht München (Munich Higher Regional Court) who will succeed retired Presiding Judge Konrad Retzer of the 6. Zivilsenat (6th Civil Senate), which hears patent appeals from the lower Munich court but also some other IP and competition matters: Judge Lars Meinhardt.

          Judge Meinhardt has not been mentioned on this blog before. You can find a picture and short bio (in German) here. He presided over the lower Munich court’s 33rd Civil Chamber from 2012 to 2018. The 33rd Civil Chamber hears cases involving trademark, copyright, design rights, and unfair competition claims–all of which fields are adjacent to patent law. He then joined the 29th Civil Senate of the Munich appeals court, which has a similar focus. Apparently he also dealt with matters involving the professional code governing the work of patent attorneys.

        • Sinusoidal Vision Technology has been officially patented in China [Ed: China hands out literally million of junk patents, so what's to boast about here?]

          VSY Biotechnology registered a patent with the People’s Republic of China for the ‘Sinusoidal Vision Technology’ used in AcrivaUD Trinova Pro C Pupil Adaptive®, the world’s first and only sinusoidal trifocal intraocular lens. As a result of evaluations, office actions, examinations, correspondence, and revisions, the state intellectual property office of the People’s Republic of China subsequently approved the patent for VSY Biotechnology’s ‘Sinusoidal Vision Technology’. Furthermore, after registering a European Patent (EP) for SVT, VSY Biotechnology received validation from the relevant patent offices from Europe. VSY Biotechnology’s ‘Sinusoidal Vision Technology’ has patent registration in many countries of the world.

        • The perks and pitfalls of creating prolific AI inventors [Ed: This says "he says he should own the patent rights because he owns DABUS." But patents are not rights, aren't owned and so on. This helps spread lies for a troll and charlatan who provokes courts and patent offices.]

          Artificial intelligence (AI) has had a profound impact on our society in recent years, but it’s been around longer than you may realize. Many people attribute the beginning of AI to a paper written in 1950 by Alan Turing titled “Computer Machinery and Intelligence.” The term artificial intelligence, however, was first coined in 1956 at a conference that took place at Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire. Since then, interest in AI has wavered. Its most recent resurgence can be attributed to IBM’s Deep Blue chess-playing supercomputer and its question-answering machine Watson. Today, AI is part of our everyday lives – from facial recognition technology and ride-share apps to smart assistants. It’s also at the forefront of the future’s driverless vehicles.

          As AI continues to get more and more intelligent, it begs the question – should AI machines be able to patent their inventions?

          At the center of this debate is Stephen Thaler and his AI computer DABUS (“device for the autonomous bootstrapping of unified science”). Unlike everyday AI such as Alexa and Siri, DABUS is a unique type of AI often referred to as a “creativity machine,” meaning it is capable of independent and complex functioning. As such, it is named as the sole inventor on two patent applications filed in several countries. One invention is for a food container, and the other for an alert light. This has resulted in a worldwide legal fight and debate over how to handle computer-created innovation.

          Thaler claims he didn’t direct the machine to invent these products. Instead, he said that DABUS analyzes data, generates ideas, and invents products. Since Thaler wasn’t involved in the process of inventing these products, he feels that DABUS should be named as the inventor. However, he says he should own the patent rights because he owns DABUS.

        • Software Patents

          • Preventing payment in case of an incorrect amount entered by a customer: non-technical [Ed: Software patents denied, but Bardehle Pagenberg (or Patrick Heckeler in this case) keeps looking for sneaky new ways to pass them through an already profoundly compromised EPO]

            In this decision, relevant for providers of digital payment solutions, the European Patent Office refused to grant a patent relating to prevent a payment in case of an incorrect amount entered by a customer. Here are the practical takeaways of the decision T 0994/18 of July 20, 2021 of Technical Board of Appeal 3.5.01…

          • As AI powers more and more medical technology don’t overlook patenting – Tim Hargreaves & Rhona Muir [Ed: Scottish media taken over by patent fanatics and profiteers who disguise fake patents like software patents using buzzwords like “Hey Hi” and “Medical Technology (MedTech)”]

            Scotland has a thriving Medical Technology (MedTech) industry, with more than 250 companies, and approximately 9,000 people employed in the sector. Many of these businesses have Artificial Intelligence (AI) powering them, as AI’s ability to analyse large swathes of data in a matter of moments enables faster diagnosis and improved patient outcomes.

          • $2,000 for SecurityProfiling prior art

            On December 27, 2021, Unified Patents added a new PATROLL contest, with a $2,000 cash prize, seeking prior art on at least claim 1 of U.S. Patent 10,873,595. The patent is owned by SecurityProfiling, LLC, an NPE. The ’595 patent relates to real-time vulnerability monitoring. The patent has been asserted against Cisco and Trend Micro.

      • Trademarks

        • Turkey: Madrid E-Filing Now Available To Applicants In Turkey [Ed: Be sure to check who runs TURKPATENT]

          As a result of the cooperation between the Turkish Patent and Trademark Office (TURKPATENT) and WIPO,Turkey has taken its place among thecountries that enable applicants to file their international trademark applications directly through the Madrid e-Filing service.

          Before this change, the MM2 form – the application form for the registration of international trademark applications – had to be filled in manually and submitted to TURKPATENT via the EPATS – TURKPATENT’s electronic filing system – for processing.

      • Copyrights

Links 27/12/2021: RapidDisk 8.0.1 and LibreOffice 7.3 RC1

Posted in News Roundup at 12:49 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • Intel Has A Number Of WiFi Improvements Ready For Linux 5.17 – Phoronix

        Intel’s modern WiFi driver “IWLWIFI” is set to see a number of improvements with the Linux 5.17 kernel development cycle kicking off in January.

        Merged to the networking subsystem’s net-next branch ahead of the Linux 5.17 merge window in mid-January were a number of improvements for new and existing wireless hardware. Some of the Intel WiFi improvements coming for the Linux 5.17 kernel include:

        - Continued work enabling their next-generation “Bz” hardware family. Going back to the summer Intel was working on Linux support for yet-to-be-released “Bz” WiFi hardware and that enablement work is continuing for Linux 5.17. There are also Rx changes for new hardware families.

      • Sound Open Firmware 2.0 Released For The Intel-Led Open-Source DSP Stack – Phoronix

        It was nearly four years ago already that Intel announced Sound Open Firmware in pushing for open-source sound firmware for their hardware. The Sound Open Firmware effort has been a great success even if it’s not a shiny project widely talked about among consumers. Just prior to the holidays Sound Open Firmware 2.0 was quietly released.

        The Sound Open Firmware project provides an open-source digital signal processing (DSP) firmware stack and software development kit around it as well as open-source emulation support with QEMU, etc. Beyond the firmware itself the Linux kernel has the Sound Open Firmware host driver support and the SOF driver stack is dual-licensed under both the BSD and GPL. More details on the SOF project can be found via the project documentation.

      • Linux Kernel Preparing Support For A More Practical Virtual M68k Machine – Phoronix

        When it comes to the Motorola 68000 “m68k” virtual machine targets, the most powerful option under Linux right now is the Quadra 800. That though for virtualization purposes isn’t too useful by today’s standards with being limited to 1GB of RAM and limited interface support. But a new Virtual M68k Machine aims to provide a more useful target and support has already landed in QEMU while the Linux kernel support is pending.

        The new Virtual M68k Machine is based on Google’s Goldfish interfaces used for the Android simulator and reuses some of that Goldfish code for this more relevant M68k machine.

      • Graphics Stack

        • AMDVLK 2021.Q4.3 Released To Fix Poor Wayland Performance – Phoronix

          AMD’s official Vulkan driver team is ending out the year by pushing out AMDVLK 2021.Q4.3 as their official open-source Radeon Vulkan driver implementation for Linux systems. This alternative to the Mesa RADV driver finally has fixed up its very poor performance for Vulkan under Wayland.

          AMDVLK 2021.Q4.3 was released this morning as their latest routine code drop accompanied by binaries for RHEL/CentOS 7 and 8 and Ubuntu LTS releases. It’s been three weeks since the last AMDVLK code drop while this end-of-year release has just a few changes but rather notable.

    • Benchmarks

      • Linux 5.16 is great news for AMD Ryzen users, massive performance boosts incoming – Neowin

        Linux 5.16 is looking extremely promising for AMD Ryzen, at least for the APUs. In a recent comparison test conducted by Phoronix, the tested Ryzen APUs have shown up to a 28% performance boost over kernel 5.15. This 28% boost was captured in the Xonotic game at 4K resolution using low settings (image below). Other games and benchmarks have also shown significant improvements on Linux 5.16 in the range of around 10-20% on average.

    • Applications

      • RapidDisk 8.0.1 now available

        RapidDisk is an advanced Linux RAM Disk which consists of a collection of modules and an administration tool. Features include: Dynamically allocate RAM as block device. Use them as stand alone disk drives or even map them as caching nodes to slower local disk drives. Access those drives locally or export those volumes across an NVMe Target network.

        [...]

        In the last RapidDisk-related post, I forgot to make it a point of emphasizing that as of 8.0.0, RapidDisk officially supports export RapidDisk and RapidDisk-Cache devices across an NVMe Target network (both TCP and RDMA). This is a big deal if you need to share high speed devices remotely and across a larger network of nodes.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to Compile GNU Emacs from Source in Ubuntu 20.04 / 21.10 | UbuntuHandbook

        For those hating the Flatpak and Snap packages, here’s how to compile GNU Emacs editor (v27.2 tested) from the source tarball while the Kevin Kelley’s PPA seems NOT to be updated anymore.

        Before getting started, it’s recommended to remove old Emacs (if any) by running command in terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T)…

      • How To Check Your Server Load in Linux System

        If you’re a system administrator, you probably already know the hassle of checking the server loads on a Linux system. There are many tools that allow you to check the server loads in different ways. Some of them work in an integrated way, and some of them function as individual tools. However, there are ways to check the server load contentiously through the command-line interface in Linux. Using the CLI methods can save your time and be easy to use. Besides, the CLI also gives you an accurate value of the server load. No matter which server you work with, Apache or Nginx, the CLI commands for checking server load works smoothly on both.

      • Master your server with these 7 informative resources

        Servers are one of the most critical components in any IT infrastructure. Virtually all business functions require some kind of server, from checking your email inbox to accessing client files. It’s safe to say that servers are the backbone of your business—and it can be disastrous if they should fail.

        According to ITIC’s 2021 Hourly Cost of Downtime Survey, 91% of organizations say a single hour of server downtime costs $300,000 or more. And of that 91%, nearly half or 44% say that hourly outage costs exceed $1 million to over $5 million. Yikes.

        It’s impossible to completely avoid downtime. After all, some things are out of your control. However, it’s possible to reduce the chance of it by improving and securing your server. It’s also possible to be prepared for downtime so that when it happens, you can quickly bounce back.

      • How To Install VLC Media Player on Fedora 35 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install VLC Media Player on Fedora 35. For those of you who didn’t know, VLC is a free and portable open-source media player for both audio and video. This app can play nearly all known multimedia files and DVDs, Audio CDs, VCDs, and various streaming protocols and can be extended and customized with various plugins.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the VLC Media Player on a Fedora 35.

      • How to comment multiple lines at once in vim editor using 3 methods
      • How to install elementary OS 6.1 Jólnir – Invidious

        In this video, I am going to show how to install elementary OS 6.1 Jólnir…

      • How To Install Snipe-IT on AlmaLinux 8 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Snipe-IT on AlmaLinux 8. For those of you who didn’t know, Snipe-IT is a free and open-source, cross-platform, feature-rich IT asset management system built using a PHP framework called Laravel. It is a web-based software, which enables IT, administrators, in medium to large enterprises to track physical assets, software licenses, accessories, and many more.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the Snipe-IT asset management system on an AlmaLinux 8. You can follow the same instructions for Fedora, RHEL, CentOS, and Rocky Linux distributions.

      • Install Kubernetes Cluster Using Kubeadm In RHEL – OSTechNix

        In this article, we are going to learn about Kubernetes cluster installation using Kubeadm in RHEL 8, and its clones like AlmaLinux 8, CentOS 8, and Rocky Linux 8.

        Before getting into it, you must have a basic understanding about Kubernetes concepts and architecture. In this article, we are going to demonstrate two node cluster.

      • Install Lighttpd with PHP and MariaDB on Rocky/AlmaLinux

        Lighttpd is an open-source, high-performance, super-fast, flexible, and simple to configure secure web server that provides support for the broad technologies that include PHP, FastCGI, Auth, SSL, URL rewriting, reverse proxy, load balancing, and much more.

        Lighttpd is extremely efficient, lightweight, and offers optimized speed-critical environments with lower memory and CPU usage than other popular web servers like Apache and Nginx.

      • How to remove horizontal line across the desktop on Linux mint

        In this tutorial you will learn how to remove the black horizontal line that shows up across the screen on Linux mint xfce. I have been using a lot of different Linux distros and on my experience this has happened to me only when using Linux mint xfce version, however the good news is that this issue can be fixed without having to download anything or replacing any hardware part.

      • How to install Linux Ubuntu on Hyper-V in Windows 11/10 [Ed: The hypervisor and the OS are proprietary software, so there are better ways to do all this]

        There are multiple ways to try any Linux distribution on Windows 11 or Windows 10 computers. However, Hyper-V is the native virtual machine app that you can use to install Linux Ubuntu on your PC. As it is a virtual machine app, your hardware must support virtualization, and it needs to be enabled in the BIOS.

      • How to Install Open VM Tools on Pop!_OS

        Sometimes you may want to install Pop!_OS on a virtual machine. However, you may have realized that communication between the host and the VM machine doesn’t exist. Luckily, many distributions now carry the open-source VM tools that can be used for many of the most popular Virtual Machine products such as VMware.

        In the following small tutorial, you will learn how to install these tools on your Pop!_OS desktop.

      • How to Install & Configure Deja Dup in Linux – TREND OCEANS

        Backup is one of the essential requirements for Linux users. The next Sudo command may ruin your whole system into an empty bucket.

        It’s happened to me, and I have also heard it from others. When new user joins the Linux army, they tend to forget that they are not in the Windows system anymore; here, any wrong step can bring misfortune to your files.

      • Using your OpenPGP key on Yubikey for ssh

        Last week I wrote about how you can generate ssh keys on your Yubikeys and use them. There is another way of keeping your ssh keys secure, that is using your already existing OpenPGP key (along with authentication subkey) on a Yubikey and use it for ssh.

        In this post I am not going to explain the steps on how to move your key to a Yubikey, but only the steps required to start using it for ssh access. Feel free to have a look at Tumpa if you want an easy way to upload keys to your card.

      • How to Install GNOME 41 Desktop on Linux Mint 20

        GNOME 41 introduces many changes from visual changes, new apps and overhaul back-end changes to improve performance. Overall, it is a solid upgrade from GNOME 40 with introductions of a new remote desktop client called Connections, new mobile settings, improved multi-tasking, improved UI, and back-end performance, amongst many other additions.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install the new GNOME 41 on Linux Mint 20 desktop using a PPA by Taha Nouibat that was designed for Ubuntu 20.04 LTS but given that Linux Mint 20 LTS is based on it, you can safely install this PPA in the same method.

      • How to Install Liquorix Kernel on Rocky Linux 8

        Liqourix Kernel is a free, open-source general-purpose Linux Kernel alternative to the stock kernel shipped with Rocky Linux. It features custom settings and new features and is built to provide a responsive and smooth desktop experience, especially for new hardware.

        Liquorix Kernel is popular amongst Linux Gaming, streaming, and ultra-low latency requirements and often boasts the latest Linux Kernels.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install the latest Linux Kernel on your Rocky Linux 8 system.

      • How to Install Chromium Browser on Rocky Linux 8

        Chromium is an open-source browser project that aims to build a safer, faster, and more stable way for all users to experience the web. The Chromium codebase is widely used, and Microsoft Edge, Opera, and many other browsers are based on the code. Chromium is well-liked amongst advanced users that prefer not to have all the bloat of tracking that can come in Chrome and other proprietary software.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install Chromium Web Browser on your Rocky Linux 8 desktop.

      • Arch Linux – News: libxml2>=2.9.12-6 update may require manual intervention

        The libxml2 package prior to version 2.9.12-6 was missing the compiled python modules. This has been fixed in 2.9.12-6, so the upgrade may need to overwrite any untracked pyc files created.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • Maui Shell is a Beautiful Vision for the Future of Linux

          Now, “convergent” Linux UIs aren’t new. Ubuntu tried (and failed) to materialise its idea of one with Unity 8. What would be new is a convergent Linux shell that’s actually realised in real, usable, working code.

          KDE Plasma (with Plasma Mobile) and GNOME (with Phosh) are already making major inroads in this area so there’s plenty of momentum that Maui Shell, which is also rooted in KDE technologies, can take advantage of.

    • Distributions

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Firewalld Fedora 34 -> 35 Masquerade between Zones not working anymore | IT-Hure

          I updated my firewall from 34 to 35 and my firewall was not working anymore. There is a not good documented change with the release of firewalld 1.0 that hit me.

        • 10 Podman guides to do more with containers in 2022 | Enable Sysadmin

          While many of us stayed at home for most of 2021, Podman continued traveling the globe and even went to space. In just the first 10 months of 2021, 153 authors from all over the world contributed over 2,200 pull requests and closed over 1,600 issues in the Podman repository. This doesn’t include all the contributions to Buildah, Skopeo, and the containers/image and containers/storage libraries that we maintain.

        • Top 10: Our most read developer articles of 2021 | Red Hat Developer

          We’re taking a quick break from the winter recharge to share our 10 most read articles of 2021. Some of the best developers in the world work for Red Hat, and we’re fortunate that many of them contribute to Red Hat Developer. We think this year’s top 10 articles showcase the breadth of our contributors’ interests and expertise, as well as that of our readers. Without further ado, here are Red Hat Developer’s most popular articles of 2021.

        • 8 new rules for winning the IT talent battle | The Enterprisers Project

          The predicted turnover tsunami is well underway, with enterprises across industries facing record-high IT talent losses. Attrition rates had risen an average of 10.5 percent over the previous quarter, according to an August 2021 quick poll conducted by Everest Group, with more than one-third (36 percent) of respondents reporting increases of more than 11 percent over the previous three months. “We are definitely seeing attrition rates starting to rise,” says Michel Janssen, chief research officer at Everest Group. “It’s becoming an across-the-board issue.”

          The resulting battle for technology pros hitting the market is bound to grow more intense. Yet only a minority of enterprise IT organizations have the kind of well-defined and proactive strategies needed to ensure some level of predictability in their workforce pipelines in this challenging environment.

          Everest Group has taken research from its strategic IT workforce development assessments to examine what the highest-performing IT functions (those that achieve the greatest business, operational, and cost impacts) are doing to address current talent gaps and prepare their workforces for the future. They discovered that it’s not the biggest companies – or those with the most money to spend – who perform the best.

        • Digital transformation: 4 tips to be a successful IT leader in 2022

          In 2021, leadership was about finding new ways to deliver on commitments and grow, despite global challenges. It involved coaching teams that were working out of home offices and balancing new distractions and personal commitments – all while managing anxiety about what was to come. In 2022, we hope to finally put the pandemic behind us and set the tone for a new kind of workplace and workplace culture.

          Whether you are a veteran leader or are stepping into a leadership role for the first time, you likely realize that there is no one-size-fits-all approach for the times ahead. The following tenets can help you craft a leadership strategy that supports your team as they deliver results without disruption.

        • 5 ways open source software transformed business in 2021 | Opensource.com

          Open source software isn’t just about creating alternatives to proprietary software. On the business side, open source has become a “force multiplier” to transform how organizations do business. At the same time, more companies have started to adopt more open source methodologies, even in managing teams and processes.

          In the last year, we ran many great articles that show how businesses connect with open source software.

    • Devices/Embedded

      • Open Hardware/Modding

        • $1.8 XT-ZB1 Zigbee & BLE devkit features BL702 RISC-V module – CNX Software

          Bouffalo Labs BL702 is a 32-bit RISC-V microcontroller with a 2.4 GHz radio for Zigbee 3.0 and Bluetooth 5.0 LE connectivity that we first found in the Sipeed RV-Debugger Plus UART & JTAG debug board that did not make use of the radio at all.

          But a BL702 development kit was brought to my attention, with the XT-ZB1 devkit equipped with a Zigbee & BLE module of the same name, and sold for just $1.80 per unit on Aliexpress. Shipping adds $4.63 where I live, but they also offer packs of 5 or 10 with the same shipping fee, meaning if you buy 10 the total cost should be around $22 including shipping, or around $2.2 per board. Alternatively, the module alone goes for $1.

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • The Apache Weekly News Round-up: week ending 24 December 2021 : The Apache Software Foundation Blog

        Happy Friday, everyone. The Apache community has had another great week…

      • Productivity Software/LibreOffice/Calligra

        • LibreOffice 7.3 RC1 is available for testing

          The LibreOffice Quality Assurance ( QA ) Team is happy to announce LibreOffice 7.3 RC1 is available for testing!

          LibreOffice 7.3 will be released as final at the beginning of February, 2022 ( Check the Release Plan for more information ) being LibreOffice 7.3 RC1 the third pre-release since the development of version 7.3 started in mid June, 2021. Since the previous release, LibreOffice 7.3 Beta1, 241 commits have been submitted to the code repository and 130 issues got fixed. Check the release notes to find the new features included in this version of LibreOffice.

          LibreOffice 7.3 RC1 can be downloaded from here for Linux, macOS and Windows, and it will replace the standard version.

          In case you find any problem in this pre-release, please report it in Bugzilla ( You just need a legit email account in order to create a new account ).

        • LibreOffice Calc Guide 7.1 Russian Edition
      • Programming/Development

        • VLC 3.0.12 with Qt5 GUI compiled

          EasyOS has VLC video player available via the package manager, however is it the CLI (commandline) application only. It was compiled in OpenEmbedded.

          Now that Qt5 has been compiled in OE, VLC can be compiled with its Qt5-based GUI.

          [...]

          It is quite a big package, don’t know if will include it builtin in the next release of Easy, but it will be available via the package manager.

        • Perl/Raku

        • Python

          • Yet More Python for Beginners: Saving Input to a File – The New Stack

            So far in this introductory series to the Python programming language, we’ve learned some pretty cool basic Python tricks. We’ve learned what makes the language special, learned about the Python console and used variables, and learned how to accept input from users.

            With that knowledge, we’ve created a couple of interesting little programs that illustrate how these features work in Python, but the applications themselves don’t do much outside of proving to your friends and family that you can learn a programming language.

  • Leftovers

    • Diving the Depths of Ma Bell

      The modern smartphone is a marvel of sensors, radios, inputs, outputs, and processing power. In particular, some of those radios, such as WiFi and cellular, have grown fiendishly complex over the years. Even when that complexity is compressed down for the user into the one-dimensional space of the signal strength bars at the top of your phone. So when [David Burgess] was asked to look at some cellphone records of text messages and figure out where some of the more mysterious messages were coming from, it led him down a rabbit hole into the dark arts behind the glowing phone screen.

      The number in question was 1111340002, sent by a phone connected to AT&T at the time, and was crucial for a legal case around distracted driving. [David’s] tools in his investigation were YateBTS (a cellular network simulator), SimTrace2 (pictured above), and old reliable Wireshark. Since the number isn’t a specific phone number and is not reachable from the public phone network, it must be a unique number inside AT&T processed by one particular AT&T SMSC (Short Message service center). The SMSC in question is in Atlanta and isn’t a typical texting center, so it must have some particular purpose. The message’s payload is raw binary rather than text, and [David] has done a pretty good job of decoding the majority of the format.

    • Why I stopped publishing end-of-year most-read lists

      In previous years, I used to publish a “Most Read of the year” listicle (“list article”) around the holiday season. It let me take a break from writing and still generate lots of traffic to the featured articles. People still need things to read during the holidays, you know. However, I stopped publishing these a few years ago after learning of an unintended consequence.

      All of my most popular articles kept appearing on other websites! Either in their original or a slightly rewritten form; most in English but sometimes translated. For years, I failed to spot an — in hindsight completely obvious — pattern for which of my works got plagiarized.

      Almost all the plagiarized articles had appeared in one of my end-of-year most-read lists. Other publications were mining and replicating my most popular content, and almost universally out-competed the original article on search engine result pages.

    • Hardware

      • Maximum Throughput Benchie

        The idea behind the SpeedBoatRace is how quickly you can print a Benchy — the little boat that is used as a test print for a 3d printer. Speeding up a print is quite tricky as it means moving the head quicker and giving layers less time to deposit and a whole other host of problems. So [Roetz] took a page out of a CPU designer’s playbook, and rather than increasing the latency, he raised the throughput. The original plan was for 20 hot ends, but due to cooling issues, that had to be reduced to 18. Perhaps even more impressive than the scale of the machine is that the only off-the-shelf parts on it are the fans for cooling. Everything else is printed or machined by [Roetz] himself. The whole run was completed in less than an hour, which technically gives him a sub 3.6 minute time per benchy, even accounting for a few that failed.

      • First Hacks: The Brand New Nokia 5G Gateway Router | Hackaday

        Aside from being the focus of a series of bizarre conspiracy theories, 5G cellular networks offer the promise of ultra-fast Internet access anywhere within their range. To that end there are a new breed of devices designed to provide home broadband using 5G as a backhaul. It’s one of these, a Nokia Fastmile, that [Eddie Zhang] received, and he’s found it to be an interesting teardown and investigation. Spoiler: it runs Android and has exploitable bugs.

        A privilege escalation bug in the web administration tool led to gaining the ability to export and modify configuration files, but sadly though a telnet prompt can be opened it’s not much use without the password. Uncovering some blocked-off ports on the base of the unit revealed a USB-C port, which was found to connect to an Android device. Via ADB a shell could be opened on Android, but on further investigation it was found that the Fastmile is not a single device but two separate ones. Inside is a PCB with an Android 5G phone to handle the connection, and another with a completely separate home router.

      • Steinar H. Gunderson: USB-C shenanigans

        At some point, my phone stopped taking charge (over USB-C) from one charger, but not the other—it would briefly say “charging”, then drop it, wait a few seconds, and then try again in an infinite loop. However, charging every night on the included charger worked fine, so I wasn’t that worried.

      • The Label Says HDMI 2.1 But That Doesn’t Mean You’ll Get It | Hackaday

        Technology moves quickly these days as consumers continue to demand more data and more pixels. We see regular updates to standards for USB and RAM continually coming down the pipeline as the quest for greater performance goes on.

        HDMI 2.1 is the latest version of the popular audio-visual interface, and promises a raft of new features and greater performance than preceding versions of the standard. As it turns out, though, buying a new monitor or TV with an HDMI 2.1 logo on the box doesn’t mean you’ll get any of those new features, as discovered by TFT Central.

        [...]

        Also new is the Variable Refresh Rate (VRR) technology, which helps reduce tearing when gaming or watching video from other sources where frame rates vary. Auto Low Latency Mode (ALLM) also allows displays to detect if a video input is from something like a game console. In this situation, the display can then automatically switch to a low-latency display mode with minimal image processing to cut down on visual lag.

        A handful of other features were included too, like Quick Media Switching to reduce the time blank screens are displayed when swapping from one piece of content to another. There’s also special Dynamic HDR technology which can send data for color control on a frame-by frame basis.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Security

          • Security updates for Monday [LWN.net]

            Security updates have been issued by Debian (apache-log4j2, libextractor, libpcap, and wireshark), Fedora (grub2, kernel, libopenmpt, log4j, mingw-binutils, mingw-python-lxml, and seamonkey), Mageia (golang, lapack/openblas, and samba), and openSUSE (go1.16, libaom, log4j12, logback, and runc).

          • In 2022, security will be Linux and open-source developers job number one | ZDNet [Ed: Back doors have crept into proprietary software at all levels, but SJVN/ZDNet participates in the phony narratives wherein the problem (security-wise) is the alternative to such software]

            But with great power also comes great responsibility as Spider-Man knows. And, as many developers recently found out when multiple security vulnerabilities with the Apache Java logging open-source library log4j2 were discovered, also comes great headaches.

            The log4j2 problems are as bad as bad can get. By the National Vulnerability Database (NVD) scale, it’s rated as 10.0 CVSSv3 which is perfectly awful.

            Its real trouble isn’t so much with open-source itself. There’s nothing magical about open-source methodology and security. Security mistakes can still enter the code. Linus’s law is that given enough eyeballs, all bugs are shallow. But, if not enough developers are looking, security vulnerabilities will still go unnoticed. As what I’m now calling Schneier’s law, “Security is a process, not a product,” points out constant vigilance is needed to secure all software.

          • rC3 2021: Now Here, Nowhere

            The annual meeting of the Chaos Computer Club, Germany’s giant hacker group, is online again this year. While those of us here are sad that we don’t get to see our hacker friends in person, our loss is your gain — the whole thing is online for the entire world to enjoy.

            This year’s Congress has gone entirely decentralized, with many local clubs hosting their own video streams and “stages”. Instead of four tracks, there are now six or seven tracks of talks going on simultaneously, so prepare to be overwhelmed by choice. You can find the overall schedule here, so if you see anything you’d like to watch, you’ll know when to tune in.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • 2021: A year of standing for your digital rights in courts

        As a digital liberties organisation, IFF’s mission statement is to ensure that Indian citizens can use the internet with liberties guaranteed by the Constitution. To that end, we engage in strategic litigation to defend the rights of the litigants that approach us and make incremental changes in society. In 2020, as all of us relied on digital connections more than ever, issues such as access to the internet, surveillance, censorship and data protection gained prominence. IFF rose to action to defend these threats against civil liberties and, on behalf of litigants, challenged the 4G mobile internet ban in Jammu & Kashmir, questioned the mandatory imposition of Aarogya Setu, sought an extension to the consultation process for the Health Data Management Policy, and called into question illegal website blocking.

        In 2021, we continued our work on these issues while responding to greenfield challenges such as the Pegasus Spyware, governmental regulation of digital space, copyright infringement suits and anti-competitive practices of big tech. In this post, we provide you with a snapshot of our work that defends your rights. As always, we are thankful to our members for enabling us to perform this important task, the litigants (mentioned below) for trusting us with their cases and the litigators who spent countless hours working pro bono.

      • Remembering Archbishop Desmond Tutu’s Teachings About Human Dignity | NewsOne

        Tutu’s ideas about humanness, harmony and reconciliation have been enormously influential, not merely in South Africa, but also throughout the world.

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • Is the UK bad at R&D? [Ed: Patent litigation firm spreads lies, in order to ‘shame’ the market into giving it more money. EPO is Germany-centric, so you cannot judge the UK based on how many Brits go to some highly corrupt office in Germany for a patent of dubious legitimacy]

          A much-debated topic is how to determine R&D productivity. Although it has its limitations, the number of European patent applications that originate from a country can be taken as an indicator of its R&D productivity. While it may not give us the precision we’d like, it provides a good measure by which to compare the UK with other European nations.

          To understand where R&D productivity is highest, let’s look at the figures published by the European Patent Office (EPO) for Europe-originating EPO filings in 2020, classified according to the country of origin of the filings, and compare them with the size of the population of that country.

          The figures are often skewed if the population is small and/or there is a reason for companies to be based there. For example, Liechtenstein, a corporate tax haven with a population of only 38,000, is far and away the most productive on this measure, with the equivalent of 1,149 filings per 100,000 people. Likewise, Luxembourg with 65. Switzerland also does well, with 94 filings per 100,000 citizens, possibly driven by the number of pharmaceutical companies located there.

        • Korean Intellectual Property Office Issues Core Patent for NEO Battery Materials’ Silicon Anodes for High Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries

          Vancouver, British Columbia–(Newsfile Corp. – December 24, 2021) – NEO Battery Materials Ltd. (TSXV: NBM) (OTCQB: NBMFF) (“NEO” or the “Company”) is pleased to announce that the Korean Intellectual Property Office (“KIPO”) has issued a core patent of NEO’s silicon (Si) anode material technology following the Notice of Allowance announcement made on November 18, 2021.

          Mr. Spencer Huh, President and CEO, commented, “We are glad to announce that the KIPO has issued one of the core patents related to NEO’s low-cost, single-step nanocoating technology for manufacturing silicon anode active materials. As South Korea stands as one of the largest battery manufacturing countries and an epicenter of battery innovation, NEO will continue to strategically establish its presence and development within this market.”

        • Merry Christmas 2021, your Patent is Invalid [Ed: Any fake patents being tossed out is always good news. Always was, always is.]

          The claimed invention then is directed to a “deposit book,” with each page having a stub and detachable coupon. The customers keep the book with all the stubs showing deposits while the coupon goes to the bank to help direct the deposit.

          Landis Christmas Sav Club was already selling supplies to banks, but Barkley was able to improve the system. In particular, with the Landis system, the a book of coupons was held by the bank, and individual sheets given out to the customer with each deposit. The Barkley reversal allowed the customer to keep the book and give deposit slips to the bank. Apparently Landis then copied the Barkley approach and an infringement suit followed. In essence, Barkley’s device is a reversal of the Landis approach. And, the appellate court recognized that the Barkley approach was and improvement that “could be more easily and conveniently handled.”

        • AI cannot be named as inventor on patent applications [Ed: There is no such thing as "Hey Hi"; corrupt EPO management is infatuated with -- and helps spread -- buzzwords, misnomers, and hype]

          In public oral proceedings today, in combined cases J 8/20 and J 9/20, the Legal Board of Appeal of the EPO confirmed that under the European Patent Convention (EPC) an inventor designated in a patent application must be a human being. The board dismissed the applicant’s appeal. The written decision and reasons will be issued in due course and will be available via the European Patent Register. The Boards of Appeal have issued a communiqué with further details.

        • BREAKING: InterDigital announces 4G, 5G, HEVC patent lawsuits against high-volume smartphone maker OPPO and its OnePlus, realme affiliates in UK, India, Germany

          In a dedicated filing (dated December 22, 2021) with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), patent licensing firm InterDigital (a publicly-traded non-practicing entity) has announced multiple patent infringement lawsuits against OPPO (one of the world’s largest smartphone makers) and its OnePlus and realme affiliates in the UK, India, and Germany. OnePlus is famous for high-end Android phones.

          According to the regulatory filing, InterDigital brought those complaints last week (December 20 and 22, 2021), just before the Christmas holidays, and is seeking injunctions (as well as unspecified other remedies, i.e., damages). The patents-in-suit have been declared essential to the 4G/LTE and 5G wireless standards and the HEVC video codec standard.

          InterDigital’s revenue stream consists of royalties on its many standard-essential patents (SEPs), though what sets it apart from the vast majority of other SEP NPEs (which buy up patents on the secondary market) is that it obtains SEPs itself through participation in standard-setting processes. It doesn’t make its own devices, however. An InterDigital official once told me in a semi-public LinkedIn discussion that there was a time when they made one, but declined to provide further information when I asked for specifics (particularly unit volumes).

          [...]

          The combination of the license deals I read about on OPPO’s website and the two major infringement campaigns it is currently dealing with suggests to me that this company is neither an unwilling licensee nor a soft target. There will be a license deal in the end, but in the meantime I’m sure OPPO will present InterDigital with a formidable challenge.

          In related news involving other companies, it may just be a matter of days until we see patent litigation flare up again between Ericsson and Apple, with a license agreement set to expire this week and no renewal having been announced yet.

        • Green Party Activists: End Covid Vaccine Patents to End “Vaccine Apartheid”

          With the new omicron covid variant burning its way through the US and global populations, Green Party activists demanded that the Biden administration follow through on its stated policy of having covid vaccine patents waived in order to make covid vaccines affordable and available throughout the world.

          “Global vaccine apartheid, where covid vaccines are too expensive and unavailable to people in low-income countries, is not only immoral. It is also a public health threat to people in high-income and relatively highly vaccinated countries like the US. President Biden should do all he can to lift the covid vaccine patents in order to enable all nations to cheaply manufacture and distribute the vaccines,” said Howie Hawkins, the Green Party candidate for President in 2020.

          Public health experts say that expanding vaccination throughout the world would curb the amount of virus in circulation and reduce the emergence of new mutations and variants in regions where vaccination rates are low.

          The Green Party’s 2016 presidential candidate, Jill Stein, a medical doctor, commented, “Making vaccines available without deadly patent restrictions is one of many critical steps that should be taken immediately to address the wider crisis in public health underlying the COVID-19 pandemic. Predatory profiteering should be eliminated from pharmaceutical sales and health care in general. And it ought to start by making life saving treatments available as a public good. A nation that’s squandered $21 trillion dollars on disastrous militarism over the past two decades can afford to put health care over profit at home and abroad, starting with simple steps to end vaccine apartheid.”

        • Benefits and Considerations for Patent Prosecution Under Patent Prosecution Highway in Australia, Canada, South Korea, and Japan [Ed: This has nothing to do with science, nothing to do with innovation, and it is a symptom of what became of the patent system; it's about monopolies and their litigation firms, nothing else]

          This is the second article of the multi-part series discussing benefits of prosecuting patents under Patent Prosecution Highway or PPH. The first article can be accessed here. To recap, PPH is a set of initiatives promulgated by participating patent offices around the world to accelerate patent prosecution in countries of the participating patent offices. PPH allows participating patent offices to share information and to benefit from work performed by other participating patent offices, thereby reducing examination workload and improving quality of patents. Interested readers are invited to read the first article through the link provided.

          [...]

          As discussed in the first article, requirements to participate in PPH in each of the participating patent offices may differ slightly. However, some general rules can be gleaned. To be eligible for PPH at a participating patent office of interest, at time of filing, applicants are required to show that: (1) a related patent application has been determined by a participating patent office to be patentable; (2) the related patent application includes at least one patentable claim; and (3) claims of a filed patent application must sufficiently correspond to allowed claims of the related patent application. Once these requirements are met, applicants can apply for PPH by filing a PPH request and providing the participating patent office of interest: (1) copies of all correspondences of the related patent application; (2) a copy of the allowed claims of the related patent application; and (3) a claim correspondence table indicating relatedness between the claims of the filed patent application and the allowed claims of the related patent application. With this in mind, we will continue our look into PPH requirements for Australia, Canada, South Korea, and Japan.

        • 2021 Roundup: List Of Women Who Excelled In The Field Of Science [Ed: #EPO has a habit of promoting frauds using this reward]

          The Indian-American chemist was honoured with the European Inventor Award this year. It is a prestigious innovation prize in Europe. Mitra won the award for her application of nanotechnology in dentistry. She won it under the non-European Patent Office (EPO) countries category. Her creation integrated nanoparticles into the production of dental materials which led to a new composite to repair teeth. She is a partner at Mitra Chemical Consulting, LLC, a company she started with her husband Smarajit Mitra.

        • EPO opposition statistics: a five-year review [Ed: This is a new example of EPO puff pieces; they seem to find plenty of time for such fluff and never mention EPO corruption (they used to, but then EPO threatened writers and got rid of them)]
        • Spotlight on mRNA – IP landscape [Ed: Misleading from Bristows. It's not about mRNA but about 'stealing' from taxpayers; they helped fund this research and some raiders now want to privatise it all with patents]

          The number of patents filed relating to use of mRNA as a vaccine for both infectious diseases and cancer has increased dramatically over the five years to 2020[1]. As we highlighted in our previous article, numerous companies and institutions are actively working in this field. It is not surprising then that the patent landscape is highly fragmented. Patent owners range from large multinational companies (such as GSK, Bayer and Boehringer Ingelheim), smaller biotech companies (such as Translate Bio) to universities and research institutions (such as University of Pennsylvania, where mRNA pioneers Katalin Karikó and Drew Weissman conducted their early research)[2].

          The web of intellectual property that protects the mRNA candidates currently in development is complex and overlaid by a large network of partnerships and licensing arrangements. For the purpose of this article, we will briefly examine some of the IP that protects key aspects of the technology and look at some of the key players in the space. This article is based on publically available information only and is non-exhaustive; we do not propose here to dig deep into the extensive web of patent filings, partnerships and litigation.

        • Can you patent an idea? Get the facts! [Ed: Those are not the facts, this is shameless marketing for oneself. Patents are for implementations, not ideas.]

          Every human invention begins as a spark in the mind — or, neurologically speaking, as activity in the brain’s associative and administrative control regions. But that is only the first of many steps on the road to commercial realization.

          One must travel down a relatively long path to bring an innovative idea to fruition as a full-fledged invention, and an even longer route to attain patent protection. Here, we will examine the standards of patentability for modern innovations and review best practices that, if followed, can boost your chances of filing a successful patent application.

        • UK Patent Joint Ownership: a reminder of the importance of joint ownership agreements [Ed: No, Bristows. Patents are assigned or held (temporarily), not owners.]

          The past week has seen issues of patent inventorship hit the headlines in the US as a simmering dispute between Moderna and the NIH has bubbled over into the public arena. At the centre of the dispute is a claim by the NIH that Moderna has failed to name three NIH scientists as inventors on a US patent application covering Moderna’s mRNA based COVID vaccine. A key focus of the commentary surrounding the dispute is the fact that, if successful in having the NIH scientists named as inventors on the patent, the NIH would gain the right to grant licences under the patent to third parties.

        • South Africa and Australia tackle AI inventorship in patents [Ed: Lawyers celebrate nations that shame themselves by showing their ignorance. Patent maximalists don't care about the law, only money.]

          In recent years, artificial intelligence (AI) systems have been moving from the realm of science fiction into real life as advanced neural networks begin to find applications in various industries. In the world of patent law, AI-related patent applications have been subject to scrutiny concerning issues of patentability, including the fundamental questions of who qualifies as an “inventor” and whether a highly developed AI system can fulfill that role.
          These questions have been raised most notably by a group of AI engineers and forward-thinking legal professionals who are connected with an international project to secure patent rights for inventions developed entirely by an AI system. DABUS, or “Device for the Autonomous Bootstrapping of Unified Sentience,” was engineered by AI pioneer Dr. Stephen Thaler. This AI system has developed two inventions that have been submitted in patent applications for consideration by Intellectual Property (IP) offices across the world. These inventions are an improved container for liquids that has a fractal profile to reduce slipping and increase safety during transport and enhanced methods for attracting attention using light-emitting diodes (LEDs) that produce pulse trains at a highly noticeable frequency to humans.

        • [Old] Recent developments: update on FRAND in Germany

          In the past 12 months, the case law of German courts regarding the FRAND defence has developed significantly and strengthened the position of SEP owners in the wake the of the first Sisvel v Haier (KZR 36/17) Federal Court of Justice judgment on 5 May 2020. The court confirmed this judgment with its second Sisvel v Haier (KZR 35/17) decision on 24 November 2020. In both judgments, the Federal Court of Justice rejected the rather formal approach that the German courts of first and second instance took in applying the European Court of Justice’s (ECJ) Huawei v ZTE decision.

          Following the first Sisvel v Haier judgment of May 2020, the Mannheim and Munich District Courts rendered against Daimler in August and September 2020, injunctions in the proceedings Nokia v Daimler and Sharp v Daimler. Both courts rejected Daimler ’s FRAND defence after applying the Sisvel v Haier judgment from May 2020, holding that Daimler did not act how a willing licensee should have acted. These were the first post-Sisvel judgments in Germany in which that Federal Court of Justice decision was applied.

        • Mixed news for Apple: App Store accusers lose their most effective voice as Spotify’s top lawyer Horacio Gutierrez joins Disney–but State of California may support Epic Games on appeal [Ed: Reminder that Microsoft's patent extortion person, who fought against GNU/Linux by extortion, is now at Spotify]

          Yesterday I saw on LinkedIn that Horacio Gutierrez is leaving Spotify. He served as Spotify’s Head of Global Affairs and Chief Legal Officer for six years after a long and successful career at Microsoft where he was basically the #2 lawyer (and would easily have become #1, but Microsoft already has the one and only Brad Smith). Now he is joining Disney as General Counsel and Secretary (press release on BusinessWire).

          Horacio and I didn’t always agree. We’ve known each other for well over a decade, and about each other for even longer as we were on opposing sides of the European software patent-eligibility debate in the early to mid 2000s. Even when we were partly aligned, we weren’t of exactly the same opinion. But as an app developer (currently working on a new app, not a game this time) I’m profoundly disappointed because this means the App Store-critical movement loses the most effective and forceful advocate it ever had. There are some other people I consider similarly important, but at least for now they are acting in the background.

          Disney also faces the gatekeeper problem of mobile ecosystems (Apple’s and Google’s “vice-like”–maybe they meant “vise-like”–grip that the UK’s competition authority called out this month), but at least for the time being and probably for the foreseeable future, they’re nowhere near as antagonistic as Spotify. Apple’s insatiable appetite for grabbing additional revenue streams by leveraging the monopoly power it enjoys in its single-brand aftermarket make it a possibility that Disney, too, will feel as threatened by the app distribution duopoly as Spotify, but it’s not sure to happen, and not on the horizon for now.

          [...]

          Epic’s Tim Sweeney has also done great things. He apparently can’t deal with people putting the finger in a wound for the sake of accurate analysis, which is why he unfollowed me on Twitter after I started explaining the narrow scope and uselessness of Epic’s consolation-prize UCL injunction and predicted precisely what was going to happen (clarification of scope by district court and stay by appeals court). That’s OK. I continue to like and share tweets of his that I agree with, and I wish him luck, but some mistakes have been made by Epic that the Fortnite maker can’t correct anymore. In fact, Mr. Sweeney himself made a far stronger argument in some Twitter debates against Apple’s “Progressive Web Apps” smokescreen than Epic did in court. It has helped and continues to help that Mr. Sweeney draws attention to Apple’s behavior and double standards. But Horacio was the far better chess player in the competition policy arena and the kind of advocate who can convince politicians and regulators of the need to take action.

          The Coalition for App Fairness needs a new strategic leader whose primary challenge it will be to make the CAF a credible voice of many developers even though there is no indication that anyone other than Epic, Spotify, and Tinder company Match Group has contributed substantial funding or has much of a say. It has to define its focus more broadly than just dealing with the 30% cut, and it also needs to find outside counsel capable of taking on Apple. As a motion to quash subpoenas shows, the CAF was at some point represented by the Kanter Law Group, the law firm of Jonathan Kanter, who is now the U.S. antitrust chief (official title: Assistant Attorney General, Antitrust Division, DOJ).

      • Trademarks

        • Turkey: The Required Evidence Regarding Proof Of Use In Trademark Matters

          With the introduction of the Industrial Property Law (“IPL”), the “proof of use” practice, which is applied in EUIPO and many countries, came into force in trademark opposition cases. In this article, we discuss how it works in Turkey.

          Upon the request of the owner of a trademark application, a party opposing trademark application must prove the use of the trademark on which the opposition is based to the extent it has been registered for more than five years at the application or priority date of the opposed trademark application.

Links 27/12/2021: BLAKE2s, KiCad 6.0.0, and Orange Pi 3 LTS

Posted in News Roundup at 7:35 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • Leftovers

    • Parents With Disabilities Face Medicare Rules That Exclude Parental Assistance
    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Security

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • We Encrypted the Web: 2021 Year in Review

              For more than 10 years, EFF’s HTTPS Everywhere browser extension has provided a much-needed service to users: encrypting their browser communications with websites and making sure they benefit from the protection of HTTPS wherever possible. Since we started offering HTTPS Everywhere, the battle to encrypt the web has made leaps and bounds: what was once a challenging technical argument is now a mainstream standard offered on most web pages. Now HTTPS is truly just about everywhere, thanks to the work of organizations like Let’s Encrypt. We’re proud of EFF’s own Certbot tool, which is Let’s Encrypt’s software complement that helps web administrators automate HTTPS for free.The goal of HTTPS Everywhere was always to become redundant. That would mean we’d achieved our larger goal: a world where HTTPS is so broadly available and accessible that users no longer need an extra browser extension to get it. Now that world is closer than ever, with mainstream browsers offering native support for an HTTPS-only mode.

              In 2020, Firefox announced an “HTTPS-only” mode feature that all users can turn on, signaling that HTTPS adoption was substantial enough to implement such a feature. 2021 was the year the other major browsers followed suit, starting with Chrome introducing an HTTPS default for navigation when a user types in the name of a URL without specifying insecure HTTP or secure HTTPS. Then in June, Microsoft’s Edge announced an “automatic HTTPS feature” that users can opt into. Then later in July, Chrome announced their “HTTPS-first mode”, which attempts to automatically upgrade all pages to HTTPS or display a warning if HTTPS isn’t available. Given Chrome’s dominant share of the browser market, this was a huge step forward in web security. Safari 15 also implemented a HTTPS-first mode in its browsers. However, it does not block insecure requests like in Firefox, Chrome, and Edge. 

              With these features rolled out, HTTPS is truly everywhere, accomplishing the long-standing goal to encrypt the web.

            • [Old] What’s in a blue checkmark?

              Twitter has gotten a lot more transparent recently about what the blue checkmark means and is meant to achieve. Their documentation says that it’s used to mark authentic accounts of public interest. But there is still a lot to ponder about what those words mean (what’s “public interest”? what’s “authentic”?) and why this is a useful feature. The verification program could be motivated by mis-/disinformation, harassment and abuse (e.g. preventing impersonation), scams and phishing, or some combination of the above. It’d be fascinating to know what Twitter’s internal success metrics (if any) are for the blue checkmark feature.

            • Urban Indians set to make their homes smarter in 2022

              As per a recent report by Allied Market Research, the India home automation market size was valued at $1.79 billion in 2018 and is expected to reach $13.5 billion by 2026, growing at a CAGR of 29.8 per cent during the forecast period.

            • Confidentiality

              • When a web PKI certificate won’t cut it

                In recent years, setting up a public HTTPS website has gotten easier and easier, thanks to widespread automated certificate management, free certificates, inexpensive CDN support, and other developments. However, for the most part, these advancements – and the web PKI in general – are designed for publicly accessible websites. That is, a website with a publicly resolvable domain name can undergo domain name validation to get an HTTPS certificate. You can also get an HTTPS certificate for a public IP address, but this type of certificate is much more rare and less widely supported than certificates for public domain names. What you cannot do is get a publicly trusted HTTPS certificate for a non-public domain name (such as an intranet hostname) or a reserved private network or localhost IP address (such as 127.0.0.1). That is, a certificate authority like Let’s Encrypt or DigiCert will not be able to provide you with an HTTPS certificate for foo.test or 192.168.0.1 that works with an out-of-the-box client like a major web browser. This is because there’s no way for the certificate authority to validate that you are the true owner of such a name; by definition, there is no such concept of the true owner of such a name.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • Islamists terrorise Muslim and non-Muslim pupils and teachers at schools in Berlin, Germany

        Students from Muslim families in particular are under strong pressure to adapt, for example in terms of behaviour during the fasting month of Ramadan, dealing with religious minorities or the headscarf. “It is not enough that the pupils privately decide in favour of a stricter interpretation of Islam. Increasingly, such views are dominating the mainstream, with increasingly clear demands that these rules also be observed by others,” the inventory states. “This then also applies to educational staff, provided they themselves have a Muslim migration background.”

        For example, the head of one school reported that teachers and students there had been challenged about their “summer clothes”. The management of another school stated that a pupil told a staff member of Arab origin that he did not listen to her because she was a “very bad Muslim” due to her lack of a headscarf. The boy’s father, who was called in, had encouraged his son in his behaviour.

      • Taliban govt scraps Afghan election commission

        Established in 2006, the IEC was mandated to administer and supervise all types of elections, including presidential, according to the commission’s website.

        “They have taken this decision in a hurry… and dissolving the commission would have huge consequences,” Aurangzeb, who headed the panel up until the fall of the previous regime, said.

        “If this structure does not exist, I’m 100 percent sure that Afghanistan’s problems will never be solved as there won’t be any elections,” said Aurangzeb, who like many Afghans goes by only one name.

      • Sutherland man arrested on Christmas Eve over alleged terror attack plans

        The 34-year-old had planned to attack police officers, government officials and other Muslims that he deemed insufficiently devout, Detective Superintendent Michael Sheehy told reporters on Friday morning.

        “This individual is [allegedly] posting a significant amount of material about bombings and manufacturing explosives,” Det Supt Sheehy said.

    • Environment

      • Energy

        • Opinion | Top Six Reasons to Be Happy About Electric Vehicles in the US in 2022

          The Biden administration’s Infrastructure and Jobs Act, passed in October, and the new fuel standards set by the EPA will have a positive impact on electric vehicles in the United States in the coming year. Let’s review this good news.

        • Climate crisis puts oil in the crosshairs, but dependence persists

          The International Energy Agency warned in May that an immediate halt to new investment in fossil projects is needed if the world is to reach net-zero carbon emissions by 2050 and to stand any chance of limiting warming to 1.5C.

          The call was a revolution for an agency created in the wake of the first 1970 oil shock to protect the energy security of rich, oil-consuming nations.

          Another major moment in 2021 was the emergence at the COP 26 climate summit in Glasgow of a coalition of nations that pledged to phase out oil and gas production, although no major oil and gas producing nation joined that group.

        • Miami wants to become [cryptocurency]‘s financial capital. New York’s response? Bring it on

          Cryptocurrencies are seen by many as the future of finance, and Miami is aggressively angling to become the world’s crypto capital – in a direct threat to New York’s status as the country’s financial hub, threatening New York’s dominance in finance.

        • How Bitcoin miners are exploiting cheap electricity in Siberian ‘cryptocurrency allotments’

          In an extraordinary gesture of desperation that upset many Bitcoin miners in the region, local governor Igor Kobzev in a confidential memo to Russia’s energy minister this autumn complained about a “skyrocketing electricity use in the region” fraught with “accidents”.

          Irkutskenergo, the region’s main electricity company, insists that it cannot deny service to suspected Bitcoin miners as it is obliged to provide as much as electricity to households as it has the capacity for, and it has no right to ask if the customer wants to build five heated pools or install 100 mining rigs on their property.

          The energy company was desperate enough to launch private investigations into suspected illegal farms in order to seek damages in court.

        • Iceland Cuts Power to Industry, Turns Away New Bitcoin Miners

          Low hydro reservoir levels, a malfunction at a power station and a delay in obtaining power from an external producer led to the reduction, effective immediately, the company said on Tuesday. In addition to fish-feed plants, the reductions apply to large customers on curtailable short-term contracts. Record demand also played a part, said Tinna Traustadottir, executive vice president of sales and customer service at Landsvirkjun.

        • [Old] Bitcoin Mining Breathes Life into Zombie Coal Plants

          Scrubgrass is just the start. Stronghold has executed a purchase agreement to acquire a second waste coal plant in Pennsylvania, the Panther Creek Energy Facility, and aspires to buy a third. Like Scrubgrass, Panther Creek was increasingly unable to compete on the open electricity market– operating at less than one tenth of its capacity prior to its acquisition by Stronghold.

      • Wildlife/Nature

        • PM shares rare snow leopard footage

          Amid the ongoing government efforts for wildlife conservation through community invo­lve­ment and afforestation in the country, Prime Minister Imran Khan on Saturday shared a rare footage of a snow leopard roaming and roaring over the snowy mountains in the Khaplu area of Gilgit Baltistan.

      • Overpopulation

        • Iran Condom Ban Sparks Fears Of Disease, Unwanted Pregnancies, And A Black Market

          Iran has passed a law banning the free, state-subsidized distribution of contraceptives in a bid to boost its population growth — but the move has raised fears of catastrophic repercussions. Iran’s government systematically cracks down on the free flow of information and those who speak to foreign media may be subject to persecution. For that reason, the identities of the interviewees are not disclosed and their faces are blurred or not shown.

    • Finance

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • A Year in, Biden Hasn’t Fulfilled Promise to Repair Refugee Resettlement Program
      • Control of House Up in Air as More Dems Say They Won’t Seek Reelection in 2022
      • Are U.S. Charities Backing Hindu Nationalism?

        The two viruses are related due to the way in which Hindu nationalist aligned charitable organizations in the United States and the United Kingdom have raised money for Covid relief and then funnelled these funds to Hindu nationalist groups in India, where they are potentially used to spread hatred against religious minorities.

        To read this article, log in here or subscribe here. In order to read CP+ articles, your web browser must be set to accept cookies.

      • President Erdoğan has only brought poverty to Turkey, numbers show

        In the past two days, President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and his supporters have rejoiced in the rebound of the Turkish Lira against the dollar. However, reporting by daily BirGün shows that that celebration is misplaced. Not only was the currency crisis self-inflicted, but over the past two decades of Justice and Development Party (AKP) rule, people in Turkey have only gotten poorer.

      • Lira plunges again after Erdogan cites Islam to defend rate cuts

        Erdogan has previously cited his religion in explaining why he believes interest rates cause inflation instead of reining it in.

        High interest rates are a drag on activity and slow down economic growth.

        But central banks raise their policy rates out of necessity when inflation gets out of hand.

        The Turkish lira has now lost nearly half its value in the past three months alone.

      • Nigeria places Erdogan’s enemies on surveillance in exchange for Turkey’s military assistance

        Nigeria’s unfavourable response further infuriated the Turkish government. Consequently, several Nigerian students attending Turkish schools abroad were arrested while others were deported for reasons never stated.

        President Buhari’s adviser on Diaspora Affairs at the time, Abike Dabiri-Erewa, confirmed to local media that “the Ministry of Foreign Affairs through the permanent secretary summoned the Turkish Ambassador immediately the information was received. While both countries are working at resolving the issue through every possible diplomatic channel, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs made it clear that such acts against Nigerians will not be accepted.”

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • 2021 Was the Year Lawmakers Tried to Regulate Online Speech

        So, it’s inevitable that services make mistakes—removing users’ speech that does not violate their policies, or terminating users’ accounts with no explanation or opportunity to appeal. And inconsistent moderation often falls hardest on oppressed groups. 

        The dominance of a handful of online platforms like Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter increases the impact of their content moderation decisions and mistakes on internet users’ ability to speak, organize, and participate online. Bad content moderation is a real problem that harms internet users. 

        There’s no perfect solution to this issue. But U.S. lawmakers seem enamored with trying to force platforms to follow a government-mandated editorial line: host this type of speech, take down this other type of speech. In Congressional hearing after hearing, lawmakers have hammered executives of the largest companies over what content stayed up, and what went down. The hearings ignored smaller platforms and services that could be harmed or destroyed by many of the new proposed internet regulations. 

      • More Tiananmen massacre memorials removed in Hong Kong

        The removal of the monuments testifies to the ruling Communist Party’s efforts to erase the bloody events from the public consciousness. It also comes as the party snuffs out democratic challenges in Hong Kong to its rule.

        On Thursday, a monument at the University of Hong Kong was dismantled, wiping out one of the city’s last remaining places of public commemoration of the crackdown.

        The government has never provided a figure on casualties and the pro-democracy movement remains a taboo topic in mainland China. Hong Kong and Macao, the two semi-autonomous territories, were the only places on Chinese soil where commemorations of the crackdown were allowed until authorities banned annual candlelight vigils for two consecutive years.

      • Steam Global Domain Appears to Be Banned in China

        Indeed, the Steampowered domain isn’t accessible anymore to Chinese users according to Comparitech, while Steamchina is. That’s the domain of the Chinese version of Steam, which Valve launched in February 2021 through a partnership with Perfect World.

        Steam China is far more limited than the global version, though. It was built to comply with the Chinese government’s strict regulations on videogames and Internet usage. First and foremost, to publish a game on this platform a developer would need Chinese government approval for the game. That’s why the Chinese version only had 53 games at launch, not to mention the lack of features such as Steam Forums, Steam Workshop, Steam Market, and more.

      • The global version of Steam appears to be banned in China

        China’s apparent ban on Steam Global is a rough way to end a year that the country has spent cracking down on gaming. In July, Tencent rolled out a facial recognition technology that scans kids’ faces to keep them in compliance with the 10PM curfew that China set to prevent kids from gaming late at night. Just one month later, China implemented a new rule that restricts minors from playing games for more than three hours per week. China later banned Fortnite, even though the game was already heavily modified to comply with China’s strict rules.

      • Steam Global Faces Ban in China; Chinese Version Available Only with 103 Games in Its Library

        According to The Verge, Steam China only has 103 titles on its library, and it is a massive step down for gamers and enthusiasts. The library only holds less than ten percent of the games it originally featured.

      • After the cross of Notre-Dame de la Garde on the New Year’s card of Marseille’s city hall was erased by the Islamist-Stalinist city government, the opposition protests

        The New Year’s card proposed by the city of Marseille shocked the conservative opposition a few days before the New Year. The reason: in the photo, the cross of the Basilica Notre-Dame de la Garde was removed from its dome, France 3 reported in an article published on Thursday December the 23rd. This detail caught the attention of numerous local politicians, such as Valérie Boyer, who addressed the city council on Twitter. The Les Républicains (LR) senator of the Bouches-du-Rhône department reacted not without irony: “Thank you to the city administration for being so attached to our traditions, our roots and our identity. After the disappearance of Merry Christmas (which has been replaced by Happy Feast), we learn that Notre-Dame-de-la-Garde has no cross. The Virgin Mary could be next?”.

    • Freedom of Information/Freedom of the Press

      • New Year’s Eve Rally in Boston to Support Julian Assange

        This article was originally published on If This Be Treason.

        New Englanders concerned about the treatment of Julian Assange, the founder of the radical news site Wikileaks who is currently in custody in the UK awaiting extradition to the US under espionage charges, will gather as part of a “First Night Against the Wars” event at Boston’s Copley Square on the afternoon on December 31. The gathering will take place between 2 pm-3:30 pm.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • Envisioning a World With No Bosses
      • Opinion | The Age of Discontent: What Drives the Rising Wave of World Protests?

        In recent years, the world has been shaken by protests. From the Arab Spring to the social uprisings in Chile and Latin America, the world has seen a dramatic rise in protests. In a polarized world, the COVID-19 pandemic has only accentuated feelings of outrage and discontent.

      • Desmond Tutu, Fierce Opponent of South African and Israeli Apartheid, Dies at 90
      • Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Defender of Human Rights in South Africa and Beyond, Dies at 90

        Leaving behind a legacy of fighting for oppressed people in South Africa and around the world, Archbishop Desmond Tutu died Sunday at age 90 in Cape Town, South Africa. The cause was reportedly cancer.

        Advocates for human rights, health equity, economic justice, and nonviolence honored Tutu, who helped lead the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission which was formed afterwards.

      • Ugandan maid dies in Egypt two years after travelling to Saudi Arabia

        Many young women like Namazzi who try to escape unemployment and poverty at home, often end up as domestic workers in the Middle East where over the years, there has been systematic documentation of cases of exploitation, physical and/or sexual abuse, and even fatalities.

        In August this year, Uganda said it was to review the agreements with a number of countries, particularly in the Middle East, as cases of abuse of migrant workers continue to rise.

      • Iran Executes Kurdish Man Despite International Appeals, Rights Activists Say

        Heidar Ghorbani was executed early on December 19 in Sanandaj prison in western Iran’s Kurdistan Province, the Oslo-based Iran Human Rights (IHR) and the France-based Kurdistan Human Rights Network (KHRN) said, adding that neither his family nor his lawyer had been given prior warning.

        Ghorbani’s execution was carried out while his case was still under consideration at the Supreme Court.

      • [Old] I travelled around Taliban-controlled Afghanistan. This is what I saw

        Perhaps no woman on Earth can relate to an Afghan woman more than an Iranian. With shared language and culture, we know what it means when a political power transfer happens and men in power decide on women’s issues. We know that when those men say that ‘proper systems are in place to ensure the safety of women’, it means that they are going to gradually ignore us.

        We know the process: first, they announce their respect for women, emphasising women’s duty of childbearing, then they rule how women should cover themselves, before banning us from going to work or having higher education, ‘for our own good and security’. And then, some time later, after wars, bombs, suicide attacks or economic crises, women’s issues are forgotten altogether.

      • Pak Court Allows Minor Christian Girl Who Converted To Islam To Go With Parents

        Arzoo had earlier refused to go home with her parents, who filed a case last year claiming that a Muslim man named Syed Azhar Ali, who is much older than their daughter, first abducted her and then forcibly converted her to Islam and married her.

      • Taliban Further Restrict Afghan Women With New Travel Rules

        Afghanistan’s ruling Taliban issued on Sunday new travel restrictions for the country’s women, an action criticized by the U.S. as further mistreatment of Afghan women by the terror group.

        The Ministry for the Promotion of Virtue and Prevention of Vice directive limits a woman’s ability to travel farther than 72 kilometers unless accompanied by a close male relative. It also advised taxi drivers to offer rides only to women wearing an Islamic hijab or a headscarf.

        Ministry spokesman Sadiq Akif Mahajer defended the restrictions, telling VOA they were in line with Sharia, or Islamic law.

      • No trips for Afghan women unless escorted by male relative: Taliban

        The move follows the Taliban barring many women in public-sector roles from returning to work in the wake of their August 15 seizure of power, and as girls remain largely cut off from state secondary schooling.

        It also comes despite the hardline Islamists seeking to project a moderate image internationally in a bid to restore aid suspended when the previous government imploded during the final stages of a US military withdrawal.

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • Japan to pay companies to keep sensitive patents secret- Nikkei

          Japan will compensate companies to keep secret patents with potential military applications under proposed legislation, the Nikkei reported on Sunday, without citing sources.

          The patents under review in the proposed economic security legislation will include technology that can help develop nuclear weapons, such as uranium enrichment and cutting-edge innovations like quantum technology, the financial daily said.

        • Japan To Pay Firms To Keep Sensitive Patents Secret: Report

          Japan will compensate companies to keep secret patents with potential military applications under proposed legislation, the Nikkei reported on Sunday, without citing sources.

          The patents under review of the proposed economic security legislation will include technology that can help develop nuclear weapons, such as uranium enrichment and cutting-edge innovations like quantum technology, the Nikkei report said.

        • Hush money: Japan to pay companies to keep sensitive patents secret

          The Japanese government will introduce legislation to keep patents with potential military applications secret, compensating companies and applicants for forgone licensing income, Nikkei has learned.

      • Copyrights

        • Amazon, Lee Child & John Grisham Win $7.8m Judgment Against eBook Pirates

          In 2020, Amazon teamed up with publisher Penguin Random House and authors including Lee Child and John Grisham to sue several pirate eBook sites operating out of Ukraine. After a tortuous legal process, a Washington court has awarded the maximum available statutory damages of $7.8 million.

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