01.10.22

Links 10/1/2022: DragonFly BSD 6.2 and Mint/Firefox Collaboration

Posted in News Roundup at 1:48 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • 9to5Linux Weekly Roundup: January 9th, 2022

      This week has been really great, a strong start for the Linux and Open Source ecosystem in 2022. We finally got the Linux Mint 20.3 release, which was promised to us on Christmas 2021 but it didn’t happen, we got a new Ubuntu Touch OTA update for our Linux phones, and we got a brand new Linux kernel to play with.

      On top of that, there were new releases of the Ubuntu Deepin Remix, KaOS Linux, Clonezilla Live, and GeckoLinux distributions, as well as new updates for fans of the KDE Plasma desktop environment. Also, System76 teased us with a new Linux laptop and I show newcomers how to upgrade their Linux Mint installations.

    • Server

      • 10 Best Udemy Linux Learning Courses in 2022 [Ed: Seems a bit spammy, promotional]

        Linux, the family of open-source computers based on the Linux kernel is the most popular operating system in the world. The kernel is at the core of billions of computers ranging from heavy-duty servers, satellites, cars, and mining computers to smartphones, washing machines, palmtops, and IoT devices.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • Josh Bressers: Episode 305 – Norton, Ethereum, NFT, and Apes

        Josh and Kurt talk about Norton creating an Ethereum mining pool. This is almost certainly a bad idea, we explain why. We then discuss the reality of NFTs and the case of stolen apes. NFTs can be very confusing. The whole world of cryptocurrency is very confusing for normal people. None of this is new, there have always been con artists, there will always be con artists.

    • Kernel Space

      • Linux Kernel 5.16 Released! What’s New?

        Linux Kernel 5.16 is finally here, and while it doesn’t bring lots of features or improvements, there are a handful of features that might matter to Linux gamers and desktop users. Here’s everything new in the Linux Kernel 5.16.

        One of the release highlights is the improvements in the performance of Intel and AMD CPUs and GPUs. Apart from that, ARM platforms like the Raspberry Pi have also been improved. The AMD, Intel CPU, and GPU claims were tested by our good friends at Phoronix, and the results showed great improvements.

      • Linux 5.16 Release – Main Changes, Arm, RISC-V and MIPS architectures

        Not a lot here since -rc8, which is not unexpected. We had that extra week due to the holidays, and it’s not like we had lots of last-minute things that needed to be sorted out.

        So this mainly contains some driver fixes (mainly networking and rdma), a cgroup credential use fix, a few core networking fixes, a couple of last-minute reverts, and some other random noise. The appended shortlog is so small that you might as well scroll through it.

        This obviously means that the merge window for 5.17 opens tomorrow, and I’m happy to say I already have several pending early pull requests. I wish I had even more, because this merge window is going to be somewhat painful due to unfortunate travel for family reasons. So I’ll be doing most of it on the road on a laptop – something I generally try to avoid.

    • Applications

      • HandBrake 1.5 Open-Source Video Transcoder Released with Better Flatpak Support

        Coming six months after HandBrake 1.4, the HandBrake 1.5 update is here to further improve support for the Flatpak universal binary format by updating the dependencies to the Freedesktop Platform 21.08 and GNOME 41 stack, updating the Intel QSV Flatpak plugin to use Intel MediaSDK 21.3.5, and fixing several potential race conditions in the Flatpak build process.

        This means that the next time you’re updating or installing HandBrake as a Flatpak on your GNU/Linux distribution, you’ll notice more stability and better compatibility with recent GNU/Linux technologies.

      • QPrompt is a Free and Open Source Teleprompter for Video Creators

        These days, all sorts of people are creating video contents. From the professional YouTubers to school teachers, creating video content has become part of various job profiles.

        From screen recorders to video editors, there are various tools that help create good videos. Teleprompter is also one such tool.

        A teleprompter runs visual cues or even complete text so that a speaker can take hints while speaking. You might have seen news readers using the teleprompter.

        There are dedicated teleprompter software that can be run on computer or mobile device.

      • Best Free and Open Source Alternatives to Autodesk Flame

        Autodesk, Inc. is an American multinational software company that makes software products and services for the architecture, engineering, construction, product design, manufacturing, media, education, and entertainment industries. It bills itself as a “… leader in 3D design, engineering and entertainment software”.

        The company was founded in 1982 by John Walker, who was a joint developer of the first versions of AutoCAD, the company’s best known software application. Autodesk is listed on the Nasdaq stock exchange, it has over 11,000 employees, and is headquartered in the San Francisco Bay Area.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to Make Spotify’s Desktop App Look Great with Custom Themes [Ed: Joey Sneddon promoting proprietary software, DRM, and surveillance]

        Do you think the official Spotify for Linux client would look better with a major restyle? So did the devs behind customisation tool Spicetify, which can do just that.

        I last showcased a “hacky” way to use custom Spotify skins back in 2016 using the Spotio project. That effort is long dormant but several similarly-minded methods have emerged in the years since, enabled by comprehensive CLI tool Spicetify (via Diolinux).

        Now, I’ve put “hacky” in quotes there as while these efforts aren’t “one click” solutions that most users will feel comfortable applying, they’re not exactly difficult or exotic to achieve, either. It’s also not exclusive to Linux; you can use the exact same themes on Windows and macOS systems too.

      • Fork, exec, wait and exit system call explained in Linux – VITUX

        The sequence of instructions and data that can be executed a single time, multiple time,s or concurrently are called programs. And the process is the execution of such programs. So those processes can run many programs. In the same process, the operating system can load different programs. Reused process states like current directories, privileges, file handles, etc are inherited by the new programs. Such things are done at the same level with the syscalls like fork(), exec(), wait() and exit().

        In this article, we are going to discuss the Linux syscalls fork(), exec(), wait() and exit() in detail with examples and the use cases.

      • How to Install Apache Tomcat 10 with Nginx on Rocky Linux 8

        Tomcat is an open-source web server for Java-based applications. It is used for deploying Java Servlet and JSP applications. Java servlets are small programs defining how a server handles requests and responses. Tomcat acts as an open-source implementation of the Java Servlet, JavaServer Pages, Java Expression Language, and Java WebSocket technologies.

        There are multiple versions of Tomcat available. We will discuss the installation of Tomcat 10 for our tutorial. If you want to install Tomcat 9, the instructions will be the same. If there are any changes, they will be specified in the tutorial.

        For our tutorial, we will install Tomcat 10 along with the Nginx server to act as a reverse proxy and protect it using SSL. There is a Tomcat 10.1.x version which is the latest alpha version of Tomcat, but we will not be installing that.

      • How to Create XFS File System in Linux (Step by Step)

        XFS is a 64-bit journaling file system and used where high performance is required. XFS file system is available in most of the linux distribution like Ubuntu, Debian and RHEL. In RHEL based distributions XFS is the default file system.

        In guide, we will learn how to create XFS file system from the scratch step by step and then also learn how to mount and use it. For managing file system in Linux, we need a user with sudo privileges. For the demonstration purpose, I have attached 10 GB (/dev/sdb) disk to my linux system. I would be creating XFS file system on it.

        Let’s deep dive into the steps,

      • How To Install Linux Kernel 5.15 on Debian 11 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Linux Kernel 5.15 on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, Linux Kernel 5.15 has been released on Halloween, on October 31st, 2021 with lots of new interesting new features. The Linux 5.15 kernel release further improves the support for AMD CPUs and GPUs, Intel’s 12th Gen CPUs, and brings new features like NTFS3, KSMBD (CIFS/SMB3), and further Apple M1 support, amongst many other changes and additions.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the GoAccess web log analyzer on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

      • How to Install Git on CentOS 9 Stream – LinuxCapable

        Git is a mature, actively maintained open source project initially developed in 2005 by Linus Torvalds, the famous Linux operating system kernel creator. Git is designed for developers that need a pretty straightforward version control system. Most software is collaborative efforts and sometimes can have hundreds of people with commits working on software development projects. It is essential to track these commits customarily done in branches in most projects before being merged into the master for release. It is easy to review and track down any incorrect commits and revert, leading to a much easier development if anything goes wrong.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install Git on CentOS 9 Stream Server or Desktop in various methods.

      • How to Install Discord on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS – LinuxCapable

        Discord is a free voice, video, and text chat app used by tens of millions of people ages 13+ to talk and hang out with their communities and friends. Users communicate with voice calls, video calls, text messaging, media, and files in private chats or as part of communities called “servers.” Discord is available on Windows, macOS, and Linux Distros.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install Discord client on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish using three different methods.

      • How to Install Deepin Desktop Environment (DDE) on Fedora 35 – LinuxCapable

        The Deepin Desktop Environment (DDE) is known to be one of the most excellent aesthetic-looking desktop environments created by the developers of Deepin Linux. It is often regarded too as the most beautiful desktop on Linux. For users of Fedora, this can be easily installed and be an optional choice for those that like to hop between desktops.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install Deepin Desktop Environment (DDE) on Fedora 35 Workstation.

      • How to Install and Configure Memcached on Rocky Linux/Alma Linux 8 – Citizix

        In this guide we will learn how to install and configure Memcached in RHEL 8 based systems like Rocky Linux and Alma Linux 8.

        Memcached is an open source, distributed memory object caching system. The system caches data and objects in memory to minimize the frequency with which an external database or API must be accessed. This alleviates database load and speeds up dynamic Web applications. It offers a mature, scalable, open-source solution for delivering sub-millisecond response times making it useful as a cache or session store. Memcached is a popular choice for powering real-time applications in Web, Mobile Apps, Gaming, Ad-Tech, and E-Commerce.

        Unlike databases that store data on disk or SSDs, Memcached keeps its data in memory. By eliminating the need to access disks, in-memory key-value stores such as Memcached avoid seek time delays and can access data in microseconds. Memcached is also distributed, meaning that it is easy to scale out by adding new nodes. And since Memcached is multithreaded, you can easily scale up compute capacity. As a result of its speed and scalability as well as its simple design, efficient memory management, and API support for most popular languages Memcached is a popular choice for high-performance, large-scale caching use cases.

      • How to Install and Configure Elasticsearch on Debian 11

        In this guide, we will learn how to install and configure Elasticsearch on Debian 11.

        Elasticsearch is a distributed search and analytics engine built on Apache Lucene. It provides a distributed, multitenant-capable full-text search engine with an HTTP web interface and schema-free JSON documents. Elasticsearch has quickly become the most popular search engine and is commonly used for log analytics, full-text search, security intelligence, business analytics, and operational intelligence use cases.

      • How To Install Linux Kernel 5.16 In Ubuntu / Linux Mint | Tips On UNIX

        Linus Torvalds announced the Linux Kernel 5.16 after a few weeks of development and is available for general usage with driver fixes, a few core networking fixes, and some random issues.

      • How to Set Up a Reverse Proxy With Apache – CloudSavvy IT

        Apache is a versatile web server which offers a full complement of supporting features, some of them via extensions. In this article, we’ll use the mod_proxy module to configure Apache in a reverse proxy role.

        While Apache might not be your first choice as a reverse proxy, with more modern alternatives like NGINX tending to steal attention, mod_proxy is useful for servers which are already running Apache and now need to route traffic to another service. You can set up an Apache virtual host to pass on requests for a given domain to a separate web server.

        We’re using Apache 2.4 with a Debian-based system for the purposes of this guide. We’ll also assume the servers you want to proxy traffic to are already network-accessible from your Apache host. This article focuses on enabling proxying based on a unique virtual host but mod_proxy is also configurable globally, as part of your Apache server config, or at the directory-level via .htaccess files.

      • How to Install vsftpd FTP Server and Secure it with TLS on Debian 11

        File Transfer Protocol or FTP is a very old and one of the most well-known network protocols. It is not secure compared to SFTP or SCP these days but is still the first choice of many users for transferring files between a server and a client. FTP is known as insecure because it transfers data along with user credentials without any type of encryption.

        We have a wild range of open-source FTP servers available nowadays like FTPD, VSFTPD, PROFTPD, and pureftpd. Among all of them, VSFTPD is a very secure, fast, and most wildly used protocol for transferring files between two systems.

        VSFTPD is also known as “Very Secure File Transfer Protocol Daemon” with support of SSL, IPv6, explicit and implicit FTPS.

        In this guide, We will show you How to Install vsftpd FTP Server on Debian 11.

      • How to Install and Use Cockpit in Rocky Linux

        Server management does not have to feel like rocket science thanks to Cockpit’s contributive footprints. This server management software makes it flexibly easy for anyone to manage their Linux servers either locally or remotely.

        Through a web browser interface, Cockpit yields real-time information regarding your server machine status. Such system information includes but is not limited to system running processes, networking, system storage, applications, file system statistics, and CPU load.

        Cockpit also gives you superuser control like remote shutdown or remote reboot of your server machine. Moreover, Cockpit only gains control of your server resources once you are signed in to its web interface and begin interacting with its web-based control panel.

      • How to manage Bash history

        BASH (Bourne Again SHell) is the default shell in practically all Linux-based operating systems. All the commands we write in the terminal are interpreted by the shell, and become part of its history. In this tutorial we see where the shell history is saved, and how to manage it using the “history” built-in command and some environment variables.

      • How to install and configure Squid Proxy on Debian 11

        In this guide we will learn how to install and configure Squid Proxy server on a Debian 11 server.

        Squid is a caching proxy for the Web supporting HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, and more. It reduces bandwidth and improves response times by caching and reusing frequently-requested web pages. Squid has extensive access controls and makes a great server accelerator. It runs on most available operating systems.

        Squids reverse proxy is a service that sits between the Internet and the webserver (usually within a private network) that redirects inbound client requests to a server where data is stored for easier retrieval. If the caching server (proxy) does not have the cached data, it then forwards the request on to the web server where the data is actually stored. This type of caching allows for the collection of data and reproducing the original data values stored in a different location to provide for easier access.

        A reverse proxy typically provides an additional layer of control to smooth the flow of inbound network traffic between your clients and the web server.

      • How to update Node JS on Ubuntu 18.04

        In this short tutorial, you will discover three ways to update NodeJs on Ubuntu 18.04 and 20.04.

      • How to update a disconnected Red Hat Satellite Server

        Red Hat Satellite now features the ability to export content to a disconnected Satellite server with full and incremental updates.

      • Install Deepin Desktop Environment (UbuntuDDE) on POP OS

        In this tutorial, we learn the steps to install popular Deepin Dekstop- DEE on POP_OS 20.04 LTS or 21.04 Linux using the command terminal.

        Deepin is one of the most beautiful Linux distro based on the Debian operating system. However, there are many people who refrain themselves from using either because of its origin or slow repository. Hence, one of the best ways to experience its beauty is by installing the Deepin Desktop GUI on our existing POP_OS operating systems.

        Moreover, installing a new operating system is also cumbersome if you have already have set up applications you required on it. In such as scenario, installing an extra GUI apart from the default one will be a good idea.

      • Install Gitlab on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal fossa Linux – Linux Shout

        Tutorial to learn commands for installing and uninstalling Deepin DDE desktop on POP OS using the PPA with the help of UbuntuDDE repository

      • Install Spotify On Ubuntu / Fedora & Manjaro | Tips On UNIX

        Spotify is one of the world’s largest music streaming service providers.

        This tutorial will be helpful for beginners to install Spotify in Ubuntu 20.04 LTS, Ubuntu 20.10, Fedora 35, and Manjaro Linux.

      • How to add or implement counter in bash scripting – TREND OCEANS

        The counter is very common in programming to trace the number of cycles that have been executed by loop functions.

        In this article, you will see how to add or implement a counter in bash scripting.

      • How to install Docker CE on Rocky Linux 8

        Hello, friends. In this post, you will learn how to install Docker CE on Rocky Linux 8. The process is simple, and we will be able to install the latest stable version of the tool.

        Docker is a technology that allows us to deploy applications and operating systems in containers that are distributed in images.

        Many blogs have commented on Docker, including ours. That is why this technology is so popular and so widely used worldwide.

        As we know, CentOS 8 came to an end on December 31 of last year, so we have to migrate to alternatives such as Rocky Linux or Alma Linux.

        So let’s go for it.

      • How to use Terraform AWS EC2 user_data – aws_instance

        In this guide we will learn how to provision an EC2 instance with user_data when launching the instance using terraform.

        AWS user_data is the set of commands/data you can provide to an instance at launch time. For example if you are launching an ec2 instance and want to have docker installed on the newly launched ec2, than you can provide set of bash commands in the user_data field of aws ec2 config page.

        We can do this level of customization during the image build time with packer as well.

      • 15 apt Command Examples in Ubuntu / Debian Linux

        Apt is a command line package management utility for Ubuntu and Debian Linux. Apt is used to install, remove, update and upgrade Debian packages from command line in Ubuntu and Debian systems. Apt (Advanced package tool) overcomes the issues and bugs that were noticed in apt-get command. To use apt command user must have sudo privileges.

        In this post, we will cover 15 apt command examples in Ubuntu / Debian Linux. Let’s dive into the examples.

      • How to upgrade Linux Kernel to 5.16 Release

        Linux Kernel 5.16: What’s New?

        Linux latest kernel was finally introduced with an interesting update for a gamer, raspberry pie, and desktop users.

        With the latest release, many new generation Intel and AMD hardware support were added along with the CPU and GPU devices.

      • How to Install Linux Kernel 5.16 on Ubuntu or Linux Mint


        Linux kernel 5.16 is now available so here’s a tutorial on how to install it on your Ubuntu or Linux Mint distributions, or a similar derivative.

        Linux kernel 5.16 is a great release of Linux gamers and AMD users. It brings the long-anticipated FUTEX2 implementation from Collabora for a faster gaming experience when playing both native Linux games and Windows games via Wine.

      • Date command usage in Linux

        At first, the date command may seem like a simple utility to you, but once you try to execute the date command with different utilities, you will realize the real power.

        A date command can be handy in bash scripting, backup, and the limation is your imagination.

        In this article, you will see the basic to advanced usage of the date command in Linux.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • Review: The Common Desktop Environment (CDE) on a modern Linux distribution

          Once upon a time, in a long ago age called the 1990s, I attended a class on operating systems. It was my first hands-on exposure to UNIX-like operating systems and the course focused on Solaris. One feature which was relatively new to Solaris at the time was the Common Desktop Environment (CDE).

          CDE took an approach to the desktop concept I had not experienced before. Windows, at the time, focused on launching applications from its Start menu and then tracking open windows with a task manager; and macOS was mostly driven by a global menu at the time. CDE took a different approach which seemed designed to truly reflect the concept of a literal work desk. A panel along the bottom of the display contained drawers and toggle buttons. Programs and files could be accessed by opening the drawers and placing work items on the desktop. (It might be more proper to say “desktops” since CDE offered four virtual desktops by default.) Items on the desktop could be minimized or moved off to the corner of the desk when not being used.

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

    • Distributions

      • BSD

        • DragonFly BSD 6.2

          DragonFly version 6.2 is the next step in the 6.x release series. This version has hardware support for type-2 hypervisors with NVMM, an amdgpu driver, the experimental ability to remote-mount HAMMER2 volumes, and many other changes.

          The details of all commits between the 6.0 and 6.2 releases are available in the associated commit messages for 6.2.1. 6.2.0 was not released.

      • Arch Family

        • Manjaro 21.2 Qonos Plasma – Very nice, high five

          Manjaro 21.2 Qonos Plasma is a pretty darn good distro. Let’s start with the negatives. A few small bugs here and there, the system menu needs to be resizable, the package management is under-developed, and the battery life is only solid+, but not more than that. Everything else? Well, quite nicely done.

          I have to say that Qonos Plasma is one of the more cohesive distros I’ve tried in a while, and the level of consistency with the Gnome edition is quite admirable. The system delivers beauty, speed, a good arsenal of programs, decent defaults, even more decent configurability thanks to the Plasma desktop, elegance, and stability. If not for the rolling nature of this distro, I might even consider doing some risky production-level experimentation. We ain’t there yet. But. But. Manjaro is constantly improving, and so, who knows what might happen a year or two from now. All in all, quite recommended and more than worth your time and testing.

      • Debian Family

        • In practice, Debian (and Ubuntu) have fixed minimum system UIDs and GIDs

          Unfortunately, in practice the start of the range for both system UIDs and GIDs is fixed. This comes about through two things combined together. First, a certain number of system logins and groups are created early in system installation, well before you can normally customize the system. These early system logins and groups will use the standard starting point for system UIDs and GIDs (currently 100 for both), and so be assigned low UIDs and GIDs. This includes things like the ‘systemd-network’ login and the ‘systemd-journal’ group.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • It might be time to consider running Ubuntu on your smartphone

          The UBports Foundation has rolled out an update for mobile operating system Ubuntu Touch that eliminates a long-standing pain point.

          Ubuntu Touch OTA-21, the latest version of the Linux-based OS, delivers a fix for problems with the set-up and synchronization of Google accounts, first encountered by users more than two years ago. Now, however, users should be able to sync their Google calendar and contacts without any issues.

          Other changes include a sleek new “Greeter” screen, which is displayed when the smartphone or tablet is about to be unlocked, and an upgrade that allows MMS content to be retrieved when in 2G network mode.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Why we built an open source testing framework

        If you’ve ever wanted to join an open source community and contribute or start an open source project of your own, then read on to find out about our fun and awesome open source project we created from scratch at Red Hat. I’m a Software Quality Engineering Manager in the OpenStack Networking group, and together with a team of engineers both from my team and from R&D, we collaborated to create the Tobiko open source testing framework.

        Sometimes, you just have to start a new open source project.

        Our starting point was good. We already had an official open source testing framework called Tempest, which strived for complete coverage of the OpenStack API and common scenarios that simulate a working cloud.

      • Web Browsers

        • Mozilla

          • Mozilla pauses donations using cryptocurrencies after community fallout

            The Mozilla Foundation faced community disapproval after previously indicating that it will allow people to donate using various cryptocurrencies such as Ethereum and Dogecoin through BitPay.

            The foundation takes pride in its non-profit status and its commitment to privacy. However, the organisation was scolded by the founder of Mozilla, Jamie Zawinski, who uncandidly expressed his grave distaste for the donation policy by bashing the ‘decision to partner with planet-incinerating Ponzi grifters’.

          • Firefox 96 Is Now Available for Download, Here’s What’s New


            Firefox 96 is here as the first release of the open-source web browser in 2022, bringing a handful of modest performance and security improvements to make your web browsing experience more stable, reliable, and secure.

            For example, the new Firefox release significantly reduces the main thread load, significantly improves noise-suppression and auto-gain-control, and slightly improves echo-cancellation to provide users with a better overall experience.

          • Linux Mint Devs Announce Partnership with Mozilla to Improve Firefox in Linux Mint

            According to Clement Lefebvre, this is both a commercial or a technical partnership in an attempt to improve the Firefox web browser in Linux Mint. Firefox will still be distributed as a .deb package in Linux Mint, but starting with the Firefox 96 release, it will receive better support for rounded corners for its own window decorations.

            But, what’s most important is the fact that the default Firefox configuration in Linux Mint will change due to this partnership to provide users with a configuration almost identical to the version of the web browser distributed by Mozilla.

      • Productivity Software/LibreOffice/Calligra

        • Oyez! Oyez! Oyez! The LibreOffice Draw Guide 7.2 has arrived!


          Anyone who wants to quickly acquire knowledge about LibreOffice Draw and is new to drawing software, or may be familiar with another office suite, will find this user guide very useful. It introduces the main features of LibreOffice Draw. Although Draw is a vector graphics drawing tool, it can also perform some operations on raster graphics (pixels) such as photographs.

          Using Draw, a wide variety of graphical images can be created quickly. Some of the drawing functions are: layer management, snap functions and grid-point system, dimensions and measurement display, connectors for making organization charts, 3D functions that enable small 3D drawings to be created (with texture and lighting effects), drawing and page-style integration, and Bézier curves.

      • Education

      • FSF

        • GNU Projects

          • GNU Linux-Libre 5.16 Kernel Released for Those Seeking 100% Freedom for Their PCs

            Based on the Linux 5.16 kernel series, the GNU Linux-libre 5.16 kernel is here to introduced an analogous firmware_reject_builtin function for the new firmware_request_builtin call in Linux kernel 5.16, as well as to unify the various separate shell functions used by the cleanup scripts to disable request_firmware and the _nowarn variant, and extended them to also clean up the _builtin variant.

            In addition, the GNU Linux-libre 5.16 kernel removes blob names from various new drivers added in Linux kernel 5.16, including the mt7921s and rtw89 (8852a) Wi-Fi drivers, the ili210x touchscreen driver, the i.MX dsp remoteproc driver, qdsp6 audio driver, and the devicetree files for AArch64 (ARM64) qcom variants.

      • Programming/Development

        • Open source developer corrupts widely-used libraries, affecting tons of projects

          A developer appears to have purposefully corrupted a pair of open-source libraries on GitHub and software registry npm — “faker.js” and “colors.js” — that thousands of users depend on, rendering any project that contains these libraries useless, as reported by Bleeping Computer. While it looks like color.js has been updated to a working version, faker.js still appears to be affected, but the issue can be worked around by downgrading to a previous version (5.5.3).

        • Blockchain and how does it work?

          In his 1982 dissertation “Computer Systems Established, Maintained, and Trusted by Mutually Suspicious Groups,” cryptographer David Chaum presented a blockchain-like system for the first time. Stuart Haber and W. Scott Stornetta presented more work on a cryptographically protected chain of blocks in 1991.

          However, blockchain saw its use in 2009.

          Satoshi Nakamoto created the first successful and popular implementation of Blockchain technology in 2009 by creating the first digital cryptocurrency called Bitcoin.

        • Dirk Eddelbuettel: Rblpapi 0.3.13: Some Fixes and Documentation

          A new version, now at 0.3.13, of the Rblpapi package just arrived at CRAN. Rblpapi provides a direct interface between R and the Bloomberg Terminal via the C++ API provided by Bloomberg (but note that a valid Bloomberg license and installation is required).

          This is the thirteenth release since the package first appeared on CRAN in 2016. It comprises the PRs from three different contributors (with special thanks once again to Michael Kerber), and extends test and documentation, and extends two function interfaces to control explicitly whether returned lists of length one should be simplified.

    • Standards/Consortia

      • Portability is not sufficient for portability

        Before looking into portable software, let’s first examine portability from a hardware perspective. When you ask most people what they consider a “portable computer”, they’ll probably think of laptops or possibly even a modern smartphone. But what about this: [...]

      • [Old] Dagen H, the day Sweden switched sides of the road, 1967

        Initially, the usage of American cars (with drivers positioned on the left side of the vehicle) in left-hand traffic was advantageous to early drivers. It allowed them to negotiate the tight squeezes past oncoming traffic by paying close attention to the underdeveloped left shoulders of the country’s old roads.

        By the 1950s and 1960s, increased auto traffic and more developed roads created dangerous overtaking situations due to the mismatch of left-hand roads and American-style left-side drive.

        Therefore, the Swedes implemented a switch in the name of logic, safety, and consistency with their Scandinavian and continental counterparts.

  • Leftovers

    • Mailer and Me
    • Science

      • Even NASA Seems Surprised by Its New Space Telescope

        NASA had never attempted such a complicated deployment before, and there were hundreds of ways that the process could go wrong. If an important part became stuck—really, truly stuck—NASA would have to face the painful reality of abandoning its brand-new, $10 billion mission. Over the past two weeks, Webb’s stewards have worked nearly nonstop, trading 12-hour shifts, checking and rechecking data as hundreds of little mechanisms clicked into action.

        And this afternoon, one final piece slid into place. The deployment, the scariest part of the mission—the one that astronomers and engineers have dreaded for years—is over. Rigby was in the mission-operations room at the Space Telescope Science Institute, in Baltimore, when they called it. Webb, once compact and curled up, has finally become a real space telescope.

      • NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope deployment complete as mirror unfolds

        The team behind the recently launched James Webb Space Telescope successfully finished unfolding the instrument’s distinctive golden mirror on Saturday, meaning the telescope is now fully deployed and is one step closer to sending back data about the universe’s first galaxies.

    • Hardware

      • Macropopsicle Melts On Your Desk, Not In Your Mouth | Hackaday

        We all know by now that macropads are super cool shortcut machines. And what’s cooler than a popsicle? Well, this cute little thing, which goes by the name of Macropopsicle.

        The freezer’s open if you want your own Macropopsicle. There’s not much more to this tasty and practical desktop treat than an adafruit QT Py, a couple of Cherry MX-style switches, some wires, and a handful of printed parts. One cool thing about this design is that all the pieces print with little to no supports, and many of them snap together.

      • Fail Of The Week: 3D Printed Parts That Burn Like NASA’s Rocket Fuel | Hackaday

        [Integza] is on a mission to find as many ways as possible to build rockets and other engines using 3D printing and other accessible manufacturing techniques. He had an a great idea – is it possible to 3D print a solid fuelled rocket, (video, embedded below) specifically can you 3D print the rocket grain itself? By using the resin as a fuel and mixing in a potent oxidiser (ammonium perchlorate specifically – thanks for the tip NASA!) he has some, erm, mixed success.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • The Story of Adobe

          Adobe is celebrating its 40th anniversary this year and the company has never been performing better. After successfully moving from the perpetual licensing model of software to SaaS, the company is worth $243 billion. Many of the products that made Adobe famous are still used today like PDF and Photoshop. Adobe’s story is fascinating: run ins with Steve Jobs, snagging a distribution deal of a hot new piece of software called Photoshop, and even a kidnapping.

        • Security

          • Security updates for Monday [LWN.net]

            Security updates have been issued by Debian (ghostscript and roundcube), Fedora (gegl04, mbedtls, and mediawiki), openSUSE (kubevirt, virt-api-container, virt-controller-container, virt-handler-container, virt-launcher-container, virt-operator-container), SUSE (kubevirt, virt-api-container, virt-controller-container, virt-handler-container, virt-launcher-container, virt-operator-container and libvirt), and Ubuntu (apache2).

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • Opinion | Congress Must Pass Federal Data Privacy Law to Protect Democracy

              January 6, 2021 will be remembered as one of the darkest days for democracy in modern U.S. history, and the attack’s anniversary coincides with the kickoff of an election year. Some lawmakers responded to January 6 by attempting to reduce online free speech by modifying Section 230. However, this misguided approach would fail to address radicalization and hate online, undermine human rights, and further solidify Big Tech’s domination of the internet. In this election year, lawmakers must stop the true threat to democracy: mass surveillance.

            • Alec Baldwin says in Instagram video he is complying with cell phone search warrant

              “This is a process,” the actor said, adding part of the process involves investigators from another state having to go through the state he lives in to make a request for his phone.

              “They have to specify what exactly they want. They can’t just go through your phone and take, you know, your photos or your love letters to your wife or what have you,” Baldwin said in a video shot in the driver’s seat of a parked car.

            • Sports Illustrated swimsuit model says she was tracked for hours with AirTag

              Nader, 26, detailed the incident in an Instagram post on Thursday. Nader said that she left her coat on the back of a chair, which is when someone could have placed the AirTag in her pocket. After that, she says the person stalked her for five hours as she went bar-hopping in New York City.

              She was only alerted to the stalking when a notification appeared on her iPhone that said an unknown accessory was moving with her. She discovered the AirTag in her coat after she got home.

            • Model shares warning, says a stranger was tracking her with an Apple AirTag

              “Once I was already on my walk home, halfway home, I got the notification that was like ‘Someone’s tracking you and has been for a while,’” she explained in her Instagram story. “So I freaked out, obviously and then, of course my phone died.”

            • [Old] I tracked my kid with Apple’s Airtags to test its privacy features

              I clipped a keychain with one of Apple’s tiny new Bluetooth trackers, AirTags, onto my son’s book bag and waved goodbye to him on the school bus. I watched on my iPhone’s Find My app as the bus stopped at a light a few blocks down from our street.

              But then the tiny “key” icon on the app stopped moving. The item was “last detected” seven minutes ago at a busy intersection less than a mile away. Traffic, maybe? Five more minutes passed with no update. Is there an issue with the app? After another 10 minutes, my heart started to race; still nothing.

              Finally, the tracker was detected four miles away in front of his school. Relieved, I decided more information in this case was worse; I’d go back to just tracking my keys. Apple later told me the delay was due to the tracker needing to communicate with Bluetooth on other iOS devices in the Find My network along the bus route before the AirTag’s location could be updated to iCloud and the app.

              Still, my experiment highlighted how easily these trackers could be used to track another person. After all, I knew the moment he arrived at school and when he got back on the bus to head home.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • Biden Urged to ‘Engage Diplomatically’ With Russia to ‘Avert a Military Conflict’ Over Ukraine

        Ahead of highly anticipated talks scheduled to begin Monday, a diverse coalition of organizations sent a letter to the White House urging U.S. President Joe Biden to “engage diplomatically” with Russia to prevent an armed confrontation resulting from rising tensions involving Ukraine.

        “We urge you to continue to pursue diplomatic progress, to promote de-escalation, and to seek negotiated solutions to disputes that avoid war.”

      • Opinion | Nuclear-Armed Nations—Including the US—Must End Their Hypocrisy

        In an open letter to President Biden over 1,000 physicians, health professionals and concerned citizens have called on the president to take bold action toward the complete elimination of nuclear weapons in anticipation of his administration’s Nuclear Posture Review expected to be released in the next month.

      • ’20 Years of US Torture and Counting’: Report Details Post-9/11 Abuse at Gitmo and Beyond

        A report released Sunday, nearly 20 years after the first prisoners arrived at Naval Station Guantánamo Bay, details “systematic abuses carried out by the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and U.S. military” since the 2001 terrorist attacks.

        “Thus far, Biden administration actions raise sobering questions about its commitment to ending the so-called ‘War on Terror.’”

      • Nigeria motorbike gang attack: Death toll rises to 200

        Known locally as bandits, these gangs are sophisticated networks of criminals who operate across large swathes of territory, often stealing animals, kidnapping for ransom and killing those who confront them.

        This week, the government officially labelled bandits as terrorists, allowing security forces to impose tougher sanctions on the groups and their supporters.

      • Democrats quietly explore barring Trump from office over Jan. 6

        Section 3 of the 14th Amendment, which was ratified after the Civil War, says that officeholders who “have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same” are disqualified from future office.

    • Environment

      • Energy

        • More government funding for solar R&D

          Arena’s latest $40 million R&D funding round is intended to support projects that align with the agency’s Solar 30 30 30 target of 30% module efficiency and 30 cents per installed watt at utility scale by 2030.

        • Celebrities push cryptocurrencies, but their fans carry all the risk

          “[Cryptocurrency] is orders of magnitude riskier than anything in the stock market,” said Eshwar Venugopal, a finance professor at the University of Central Florida, principally because of the lack of financial transparency and legal accountability that come with regulated securities. He likened investing in [cryptocurrency] to being an angel investor in an early-stage startup knowing your investment could go to zero. For [cryptocurrency] investors, “the risk is from lack of information, misinformation, and speculation,” he said.

        • Finance minister: US, Estonia can collaborate on crypto currency monitoring

          A bill soon to be put before the Riigikogu will, if it passes, increase the transparency of virtual currency transactions, including those using crypto currencies like Bitcoin, as well as non-fungible tokens (NFTs), reducing the anonymity of [cryptocurrency] asset transactions, the finance ministry says, adding this will enable more effective monitoring of a sector which, the minister says, is rapidly growing.

      • Overpopulation

        • Air pollution: Delhi’s smog problem is rooted in India’s water crisis

          But then comes winter. Pollution in any city mixes vertically in the atmosphere, and the height at which this happens shrinks by more than half in the winter, raising the concentration of pollution. Two new sources also enter the mix. By the end of October, when the rains have ceased, the winds begin to blow in from the northwest, carrying fumes from burning fields. Then there is the Diwali, the popular festival lights, where millions burst fire crackers to celebrate.

        • [Old] ‘Zero Day’ for California water? Not yet, but unprecedented water restrictions send a sharp warning

          Based on water conditions each year, the state Department of Water Resources makes an initial allocation by Dec. 1 to help these state water contractors plan. As the year progresses, the state can adjust the allocation based on additional rain or snow and the amount of water in storage reservoirs. In 2010, for example, the allocation started at 5% and was raised to 50% by June. In 2014, the allocation started at 5%, dropped to 0% and then finished at 5%.

          This year is the lowest initial allocation on record. According to the state Department of Water Resources, “unprecedented drought conditions” and “reservoirs at or near historic lows” led to this year’s headline-producing 0% allocation.

        • [Old] Is it ‘Zero Day’ for California Water?

          On Dec. 1, 2021, California triggered headlines heard around the world when officials announced how much water suppliers would be getting from the State Water Project. “California water districts to get 0% of requested supplies in an unprecedented decision,” one headline proclaimed. “No state water for California farms,” read another.

        • California adopts drought rules outlawing water wasting, with fines of up to $500

          In an effort to discourage wasteful water practices such as hosing off driveways or allowing irrigation water to run down streets, California water officials have imposed new drought rules for cities and towns throughout the state.

          The regulations, adopted Tuesday by the State Water Resources Control Board, prohibit overwatering yards, washing cars without a shutoff nozzle, hosing down sidewalks or watering grass within 48 hours after rainfall.

        • California adopts water restrictions as drought drags on

          The action comes as Californians have failed to meet Gov. Gavin Newsom’s call for a voluntary 15% reduction in water use compared to last year. Between July and November, the state’s water usage went down just 6%.

    • Finance

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • Cheney’s Inferno Comes to Capitol Hill

        Now as I write this today, on January 6, I can see video of the Democratic members of Congress gathered to honor the officers who tried to stem the attack on the Capitol last year – an attack fomented by a man who, unlike Cheney and Bush, failed in his effort to subvert an election. I see Dick Cheney there, with his daughter Liz, the only sitting Republican to show up. I see solemn Democratic grandees lining up to shake Dick Cheney’s hand, to welcome him warmly. A glance at media feeds shows me a great gaggle of “liberal” voices praising Cheney for “supporting democracy,” engaging in their usual orgiastic spasms at the sight of any display of bipartisanship.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • Taliban arrest Afghan professor after criticism

        A prominent Afghan university professor and open critic of the Taliban’s hardline regime has been arrested in Kabul, with his daughter on Sunday saying she now fears for his safety.

        Professor Faizullah Jalal was arrested by the Taliban on Saturday after repeatedly speaking out on television against the country’s new rulers, who stormed back to power in August.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • EPO Launches Consultation On Grace Periods [Ed: EPO is a Mafia that knows nothing about grace]
        • Canada’s patent dispute over cherry tree plant moves to trial [Ed: Who ‘owns’ fruit?]

          The Canadian government will be able to pursue its allegations of plant patent infringement against two US fruit companies at trial, a federal court in Washington has determined.

        • Review Of EPO Antibody Decisions January 2021 – December 2021 [Ed: Corrupt EPO management wants you to believe that life and nature themselves are inventions and humans can monopolise both]
        • EPO Board Of Appeal Finds “No Legal Basis” For Requirement To Adapt The Description To Conform To The Claims [Ed: As if they care about what’s legal and what’s not legal]

          As applicants and representatives will be well-aware, the EPO has, for a very long time, required that the description of a patent application be amended prior to grant to ensure that it “conforms” to the allowed claims. Traditionally such amendments took the form of amending the “summary of the invention” or similar introductory portion of the application to recite the wording of the allowed independent claims, or to make explicit reference to those claims. Such amendments, whilst occasionally tedious, became an accepted part of practice at the EPO and had no noticeable impact on the scope of protection.

          However, in the past year or so, we have seen a significant “tightening-up” of the EPO’s approach to description amendments which has become, in many cases, extremely burdensome and raised concerns about the interpretation of the resulting granted patents. This process started with the issuance of internal guidance to EPO examiners regarding the amendments, that guidance being largely codified in the 2021 edition of the EPO’s Guidelines for Examination as reported here. Most relevantly, the Guidelines specified that embodiments which do not fall under the scope of the claims should be deleted or “prominently stated” as not being covered by the claims. The revised Guidelines also indicated that it was “not sufficient to use generic statements such as “embodiments not falling under the scope of the appended claims are to be considered merely as examples suitable for understanding the invention” without indicating which parts of the description are no longer covered” and that “merely changing the wording “invention” to “disclosure” and/or the wording “embodiment” to “example”, “aspect” or similar is not sufficient … it has to be explicitly specified that this part of the description does not describe part of the claimed invention.”

      • Trademarks

        • Muratbey v EUIPO – The twists and turns of protecting the appearance of cheese – Carpmaels & Ransford – Law Firm [Ed: Corrupt EUIPO in trouble over the appearance and name of cheese]

          Registered Community designs can be used to protect the appearance of products throughout the European Union. In order to be valid, these registrations must have individual character, i.e. they must be sufficiently different from existing designs. The legal test is that they must produce an overall impression on the informed user that differs from the overall impression produced on the informed user by any existing design.

          In Muratbey Gida Sanayí ve Tícaret AŞ v EUIPO (Case T‑662/20), the General Court considered an appeal against a decision of the European Union Intellectual Property Office’s Board of Appeal. The decision had invalidated Muratbey’s registration for a cheese with a helical shape for lacking individual character compared to an existing design.

      • Copyrights

        • Subpoenas Targeted Over 35,000 Cloudflare Customer Domain Names in Six Months

          Cloudflare doesn’t remove anything in response to DMCA takedown notices unless it stores the content permanently on its network. However, the company will hand over the personal details of customers to copyright holders who obtain a DMCA subpoena. During the first half of 2021, civil subpoenas targeted hundreds of customers linked to more than 35,000 domains.

01.09.22

Links 9/1/2022: 5.16 Linux Kernel Released

Posted in News Roundup at 6:44 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • What Are Linux Metacharacters? Everything You Need to Know

      The most powerful feature of the Linux Bash shell is its capability to work around files and redirect their input and output efficiently. Linux uses special characters or symbols known as metacharacters that add special meaning to a shell command with respect to file search and commands connection.

      The metacharacters are helpful in listing, removing, and copying files on Linux. However, the function of each metacharacter differs depending on the command you are using it with.

      This article provides an in-depth guide on different types of metacharacters in Linux. Lastly, we explain how these special characters help in connecting and expanding commands.

    • Linux Weekly Roundup #164

      Welcome to this week’s Linux Roundup, the second of 2022! May it be a great hear for you.

      We had a full week in the world of Linux releases with KaOS 2022.01, Bodhi Linux 6.1.0 Beta, Manjaro 21.2.1, and Linux Mint 20.3.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • Linux 5.16
        Not a lot here since -rc8, which is not unexpected. We had that extra
        week due to the holidays, and it's not like we had lots of last-minute
        things that needed to be sorted out.
        
        So this mainly contains some driver fixes (mainly networking and
        rdma), a cgroup credential use fix, a few core networking fixes, a
        couple of last-minute reverts, and some other random noise. The
        appended shortlog is so small that you might as well scroll through
        it.
        
        This obviously means that the merge window for 5.17 opens tomorrow,
        and I'm happy to say I already have several pending early pull
        requests.  I wish I had even more, because this merge window is going
        to be somewhat painful due to unfortunate travel for family reasons.
        So I'll be doing most of it on the road on a laptop - something I
        generally try to avoid.
        
        That said, the merging part of the merge window works perfectly well
        on a laptop, it's just that I normally really want to do more local
        build testing between merges than a laptop really allows me to do. So
        the main downside during travel is that I end up relying much more on
        the automated build testing in the cloud. And so really hope that
        everything has been properly cooking in linux-next so that there are
        no unnecessary issues that pop up when things hit my tree.
        
        Of course, realistically our automated build testing is so good
        anyway, and people have been pretty good about linux-next, that maybe
        my local builds aren't _that_ important. I do end up occasionally
        hitting issues that should never have made it as far as my tree, but
        it's not like it's a common - or generally serious - issue.
        
        Knock wood.
        
        Anyway, I don't expect any real issue, but I'll probably be jetlagged
        and in odd timezones, so my response time might be "variable".
        
        But hey, before that merge window even opens, you still have some time
        to give a shiny new kernel release some TLC and testing.
        
                        Linus
        
      • Linux Kernel 5.16 Officially Released, This Is What’s New

        After two months of development, Linux kernel 5.16 is here to introduce the futex_waitv() kernel system call from Collabora, which promises to make your gaming experience faster when playing both native Linux games and Windows games via Wine.

        Linux kernel 5.16 also adds support for Intel’s Advanced Matrix Extensions (AMX) 64-bit programming paradigm for servers, cluster scheduler support to the task scheduler, a new fanotify event type for file system health reporting, a new page folios mechanism for faster memory management, and improved write congestion.

      • Linux 5.16 Released With Many Intel & AMD Additions, Memory Folios, AMX, FUTEX2

        As expected the Linux 5.16 kernel has been promoted to stable.

        Linux 5.16 has many new features including the FUTEX2 futex_waitv system call for helping Steam Play (and Wine), memory folios have been mainlined, AMD Ryzen 6000 mobile series support is getting into better shape, Intel Alder Lake S graphics are now considered stable, Intel AMX support for Sapphire Rapids has landed, big AMD Ryzen with Radeon graphics performance improvements, and a wealth of other hardware improvements.

      • The 5.16 kernel has been released

        Linus Torvalds has released the 5.16 kernel, as expected. Significant changes in 5.16 include the futex_waitv() system call, cluster-aware CPU scheduling, some internal memcpy() hardening, memory folios, the DAMON operating schemes user-space memory-management mechanism, and much more. See the LWN merge-window summaries (part 1, part 2) and the KernelNewbies 5.16 page for details.

      • Graphics Stack

        • Sway 1.7 Nears Release With Less Abrasive NVIDIA Option, Zero-Copy Direct Scanout – Phoronix

          Sway 1.7 is up to its second release candidate for this popular i3-inspired Wayland lightweight compositor.

          Sway 1.7 kicked off its release candidate phase in late December. Notable with Sway 1.7 is adding support for zero-copy direct scanout for better performance when rendering full-screen windows.

          Sway 1.7 also has better support for virtual reality (VR) headsets via DRM leasing support on Wayland, xdg-activation-v1 support as some additional Wayland protocol work, and various other compositor enhancements.

    • Applications

      • qBitTorrent 4.4.0 Adds Torrent v2, Libtorrent 2.0 & Qt6 Support

        After more than half a year of development, the qBitTorrent app released version 4.4.0 with many new features and various bug-fixes.

        qBitTorrent 4.4.0 added Qt6 support. It offers better HiDPI compatibility for Windows 10+ and Linux using AppImage package. Though, it has known issue about text display on the progress bar. The Qt5 build is still the primary packages, though the next major release will probably drop Qt5 support.

        The new release also supports BitTorrent v2 protocol and libtorrent 2.0.x, that use SHA-256 to provide a safer cryptographic hash function.

      • KeePass Password Safe 2.50

        KeePass is a free open source password manager, which helps you to manage your passwords in a secure way. You can put all your passwords in one database, which is locked with one master key or a key file. So you only have to remember one single master password or select the key file to unlock the whole database. The databases are encrypted using the best and most secure encryption algorithms currently known (AES and Twofish).

        KeePass is really free, and more than that: it is open source (OSI certified). You can have a look at its full source and check whether the encryption algorithms are implemented correctly.

      • The 6 Best Spotify Alternatives for Linux You Should Try

        Spotify is not the only music streaming app for Linux users. Here are some free-to-use Spotify alternatives you can install on your system.

        Using an open-source operating system such as Linux calls for using open-source entertainment apps. Even though Spotify has plenty of native versions available for desktop and mobile platforms, many users prefer using alternatives packed with exciting features.

        If that sounds like you, you’re in for a surprise, as Linux has a ton of fine-tuned Spotify alternatives, which allow you to listen to music right from your desktop.

      • HandBrake 1.5.0

        HandBrake is an open-source, GPL-licensed, multiplatform, multithreaded video transcoder, available for MacOS X, Linux and Windows. Handbrake can process most common multimedia files and any DVD or BluRay sources that do not contain any kind of copy protection.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to install Octave on Ubuntu 22.04 | 20.04 LTS – Linux Shout

        Matlab alternative Octave is an open-source special-purpose high-level level programming language. let’s see the commands to install Octave on Ubuntu 22.04 Jammy or 20.04 Focal LTS Linux.

        Under GPL license Octave is available to use by anyone free of cost; it uses its own script language, which is very similar to Matlab and therefore makes switching particularly easy. This is a program package for the numerical solution of mathematical and scientific tasks as well as for general data analysis and visualization. Using it developers can also create a math program completely compatible with Matlab with free additional packages and add-ons. In this way, the data you have already created will not be lost. In particular, an Octave program can usually also be executed by MATLAB without changes.

        Well, it is a command-line tool natively but also comes with a graphical user interface in the standard installation. It is available for Linux, Windows, and Mac OS.

      • How to Perform Security Audits on Linux With Lynis

        Whether you’re a Linux administrator or user, having a secure server or PC should be a top priority. Although Linux is a secure operating system, it is also susceptible to attacks or security breaches just like other OSes.

        In this guide, you’ll learn how to audit and scan for security vulnerabilities and loopholes on your Linux machine using Lynis. Lynis is an open-source tool and is available on most Unix-based operating systems such as Linux, macOS, Solaris, FreeBSD, etc.

      • Date command usage in Linux – TREND OCEANS

        The date command is part of the Coreutils package, and it is mainly used to get the date in a different type of format with various available options.

        At first, the date command may seem like a simple utility to you, but once you try to execute the date command with different utilities, you will realize the real power.

        A date command can be handy in bash scripting, backup, and the limation is your imagination.

        In this article, you will see the basic to advanced usage of the date command in Linux.

      • Analyze Network Traffic using Zeek – kifarunix.com

        In this tutorial, you will learn how to analyze network traffic using Zeek. Zeek is a world’s leading passive network security monitoring tool that sits on the network and read all the traffic passing through the network, parses them into a high-level events that can then be passed through Zeek policy script intepreter which then generates comprehensive record/logs of every connection seen on the wire including all HTTP sessions with their requested URIs, key headers, MIME types, and server responses; DNS requests with replies; SSL certificates; key content of SMTP sessions e.tc.

      • KVM – easy Network card NIC PCI pass through with virt-manager
      • How To Customize Cinnamon Desktop in Linux System

        Cinnamon desktop is one of the most trendy and easy-to-use desktops for Linux. Most Windows users or newbies switch to Cinnamon desktop from Windows to taste Linux for the very first time. The way Cinnamon adopts the system UI of GNOME but still keeps it traditional, which is eye-catching. Once you get the Cinnamon desktop installed on your computer, there are many steps and methods to customize the Cinnamon desktop in Linux. With open-source, you can customize the desktop exactly as you want it. There can be options to make it look like Mac, Windows, or a completely new look.

      • How To Upgrade Ubuntu 20.04 LTS To Ubuntu 22.04 LTS | Itsubuntu.com

        Here in this tutorial, we will learn the two easy ways to upgrade Ubuntu 20.04 LTS To 22.04 LTS. One of the most important things that you should remember while upgrading your system to the latest version is to take the proper backup for your important files and the system configuration. We hope that you will have a backup before going through the upgrading process to Ubuntu 22.04 LTS from Ubuntu 20.04 LTS.

      • Install Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Container On Docker | Itsubuntu.com

        Ubuntu 22.04 LTS is the latest long-term version from Ubuntu. Ubuntu 22.04 Jammy Jellyfish LTS will be supported till April 2027. In this tutorial post, we are going to show you the easy way to install Ubuntu 22.04 LTS container on Docker.

      • How To Install Htop on Fedora 35 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Htop on Fedora 35. For those of you who didn’t know, Htop is an interactive real-time process monitoring utility or command for Linux and also a handy alternative to top command, which is a default process monitoring tool that comes pre-installed on all Linux operating systems. Htop allows scrolling the list of processes vertically and horizontally to see their full command lines and related information like memory and CPU consumption. Also, system-wide information, like load average or swap usage, is shown.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Htop real-time system monitor process on a Fedora 35.

      • How to stream on Discord | FOSS Linux

        Discord was initially released in 2015, and it has been revolutionary up to date. This term is not new for gamers as it is one of the most used ways to interact with other gamers regardless of their locality. The discord platform has continued offering tremendous value to the community as it is an open-source app. Since its inception, Discord has helped develop new methods of connecting its users through video, voice, and messaging.

        With so many streaming choices available now, it is hard for users to select the best streaming option. Therefore, with this challenge in place, it is vital to ensure you choose an app that suits your need to attain maximum productivity. Like Discord, you can opt to use alternate applications that offer online streaming services such as Twitch and YouTube.

        Due to its lightweight nature and easy-to-use GUI (Graphical User Interface), Discord has arguably become one of the best streaming services. This has mainly been aided by its unparalleled compression quality that guarantees users a stable streaming connection. Besides, the fact that Discord’s voice chat is reliable and of high quality poses a challenge to its competitors, and users love it as it is easy to set up and use.

      • Removing an alias/domain from a Let’s Encrypt certificate managed by certbot

        I tried to find a way to remove that name from the certificate before renewing it, but it seems like the only way to do it is to create a new certificate without that alternative name.

      • How To Find CPU Information In Linux Using Command Line

        A central processing unit (CPU), also called a central processor, main processor or just processor, is the electronic circuitry that executes instructions comprising a computer program.

        The CPU performs basic arithmetic, logic, controlling, and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions in the program.

        This contrasts with external components such as main memory and I/O circuitry, and specialized processors such as graphics processing units (GPUs).

        CPU is considered as the brain of a Computer. You may want to know the basic details of your processor, processor speed, architecture, number of cores and cache size.

      • 9 ways to learn Ansible this year | Opensource.com

        Ansible is an open source automation tool that can be used in a variety of ways. Here are a few examples of last year’s most popular Ansible tutorials and stories.

        Automation just keeps improving the lives of everyone on the IT team. Ansible helps anyone who uses IT automation, whether for keeping files organized or configuring printers, or for anything else someone can imagine and build. These are some of the most notable use cases and experiences shared on Opensource.com in 2021.

      • Reading a log out of a docker file | Adam Young’s Web Log

        I have to pull the log out of a docker process to figure out why it is crashing. The Docker container name is ironic_ipxe.

    • Games

      • Easy Anti-Cheat not as simple as expected for Proton and Steam Deck

        Even though Epic Games announced recently how they expanded support for Easy Anti-Cheat to have full support of native Linux, plus Wine / Proton (and so the Steam Deck), it seems it’s not as easy as we hoped.

        In the original announcement, Epic mentioned how it can be enabled with “a few clicks in the Epic Online Services Developer Portal” but the situation is never that simple. A developer of Warhammer: Vermintide 2 has written a post on Steam to explain, noting that there are two versions of EAC. There’s the original and the newer version used via Epic Online Services. The majority of games are likely still with the old version, since the newer one needs SDK upgrades and newer integrations.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • Productivity And Using Modern Linux Desktop Environments – Random [Tech] Stuff

        I was first introduced to Linux in 2001. A colleague of mine in college handed a set of CD-R discs containing Red Hat Linux 7.2. This was before Red Hat split the distribution into Red Hat Enterprise Linux (for enterprise customers) and Fedora Linux (maintained by the open source community). The install came with with a version of GNOME 1.x and doing a bit of Google searching, it leads me to believe it was 1.4. From that point I became extremely familiar with the GNOME desktop environment, enough so where if I was not using GNOME, I was not being very productive. This was not the result of laziness. Far from it. It was solely because of my comfort level.

        I am not doing a Desktop Environment review here. This is merely an opinion piece based on my personal experience and computing style.

        Fast forward to the present and the graphical user interface of a modern desktop distribution has changed drastically. There are many reasons for these changes, one of which is adapting to modern technology. Mobile computing, touch input, etc. I look at GNOME today which is at version 40 and I am really struggling to get comfortable.

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • qml-doxygen: qml-lsp’s qml –> doxygen cousin

          With the infrastructure I built in qml-lsp for parsing and analysing QML files, I thought “hm, since doxyqml is just a glorified qml parser –> c++ header file converter, wouldn’t it be trivial to write the same thing in go reusing qml-lsp’s infrastructure?” And that’s exactly what I did. I wrote a 130-line program that faithfully replicated doxyqml’s functionality in Go.

          By virtue of being a Go program that calls on a pretty optimised parser in C, it ended up being a little over 10 times faster than doxyqml on my system.

          I wasn’t done there.

          [...]

          The next thing I’m planning to do is to resolve the concrete type of an alias property, so that documentation generation for aliases can be improved without developers needing to explicitly tell the computer what type the alias points to.

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • Sebastian Pölsterl: scikit-survival 0.17 released

          This release adds support for scikit-learn 1.0, which includes support for feature names. If you pass a pandas dataframe to fit, the estimator will set a feature_names_in_ attribute containing the feature names. When a dataframe is passed to predict, it is checked that the column names are consistent with those passed to fit. The example below illustrates this feature.

          For a full list of changes in scikit-survival 0.17.0, please see the release notes.

    • Distributions

      • Using Distrobox To Augment The Package Selection On Clear Linux, Other Distributions

        While our testing has consistently shown how Clear Linux can deliver leading performance on Intel/AMD x86_64 platforms, one of the user criticisms to that distribution has been around the limited selection of packaged software especially on the desktop side. But the rather interesting Distrobox can help address that by leveraging Podman or Docker to run other Linux distribution user-space software packages atop.

        Distrobox is an open-source project that builds off Podman or Docker to create containers of different Linux distributions. These Distrobox’ed containers are tightly integrated with the host for sharing the user’s home directory, X11 / Wayland GUI app support, audio, and other connectivity.

      • BSD

      • PCLinuxOS/Mageia/Mandriva/OpenMandriva Family

        • KDE Plasma Frameworks

          The KDE Plasma Frameworks packages have been updated to 5.90.0. This is a service release update.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • 12 Best Free and Open Source Linux System Monitoring Tools

        Computer monitoring systems are used to gather data for the purpose of real-time incident notification, performance analysis, and system health verification. Without such a tool, a system administrator would have to login to each machine to collect information on a regular basis. This kind of repetitive task can be automated using a system monitoring tool.

        System monitoring can also help identify problems before they escalate to emergency status. This type of software is not only useful for network administrators. Home users with a small network or even just a single computer will benefit from advanced notification provided by system monitoring tools. Knowing that free space on the hard disk is running out, or that a particular server/daemon has gone down can be extremely useful.

      • Best Free and Open Source Alternatives to Intuit TurboTax

        Intuit Inc. is an American corporation that specializes in financial software. Specifically, the company develops personal finance, accounting, and tax return software.

        The company is headquartered in Mountain View, California. It has more than 10,000 employees.

        While Intuit has a GitHub presence with over 100 repositories for numerous open source projects, none of these repositories offer any substantial desktop software. Instead, the repositories focus on tools and libraries for developers. None of these projects appear to have attracted significant interest from the open source community.

      • Productivity Software/LibreOffice/Calligra

        • Language Tool 5.6 is released

          Language Tool 5.6 is available now.

          Russian, English, Ukrainian, French, German, Portuguese, Catalan, Dutch and Spain language checking modules were updated in this release.

      • FSF

        • New Hampshire residents: make your voice heard on January 11th — Free Software Foundation

          To show your support for the bill, and software freedom in New Hampshire, you must testify in person at the New Hampshire Legislative Office building at 33 N. State St. in Concord, NH at 10:30 AM. For more information, such as where to park at the Legislative Office Building, and any COVID-related precautions to take, please refer to this Nitter thread written by HB 1273′s sponsor, NH state representative Eric Gallager.

          As it is likely that representatives of proprietary software companies will be giving testimonies of their own, it is imperative that the free software community in New Hampshire and surrounding states give a strong show of support to computer user freedom.

          When giving your testimony, it is important that you keep your comments concise and accessible to a nontechnical audience. It would also be helpful to prepare a rebuttal of common false claims.

          If you can’t make it to the hearing, please be sure to spread the message on social media, perhaps by using the #userfreedom or #SOFTWAREAct hashtags. And if you do plan on attending the hearing, try and bring a friend!

      • Programming/Development

        • Top 5 Most Liked and Hated Programming Languages of 2022 [Ed: This lacks any actual sources, seems to be based on hearsay and intuition/gut feeling for the most part, or bribed media]

          One cannot deny that programming is super fun and interesting. It is practically impossible to think of leading our lives without programming today. Every sector that we can think of relies on programming in one way or the other. Over time, many programming languages have surged in popularity and some have fallen from grace. That said, have a look at the top 5 most liked and hated programming languages of 2022.

  • Leftovers

    • Automated Mushroom Cultivation Yields Delicious Fried Goodies | Hackaday

      [Kyle Gabriel] knows mushrooms, and his years of experience really shine through in his thorough documentation of an automated mushroom cultivation environment, created with off-the-shelf sensors and hardware as much as possible. The results speak for themselves, with some delicious fried oyster mushrooms to show for it!

    • 2022 resolution: become machine independent again – toscalix

      I change jobs frequently, I travel a lot, I work in the operating system space so I like to try out new distros, installers, recovery measures… In addition, even when I am at home, in Málaga or Los Llanos De Aridane, Canary Islands, I like to take notes and write at different places since I find little inspiration at my office…

      All these factors together means that I end up having several machines: laptops, convertibles, tablets, phone, RPis… and with various machines it comes the information, configurations and applications hell.

      [...]

      The pandemic has work against me. Such a long time without really travelling (beyond my two locations) had as a consequence that some of my good habits to keep the “machine independent” challenge under control were gone. I realized it when, despite carrying 3 machines in my first business trip since the pandemic started, back in November 2021. I still could not access to a couple of places because I did not have the credentials available or they were not up-to-date. My backpack was ridiculously heavy and I still could not perform some basic personal activities.

      How could I let my self, a professional, get to this point?

      In addition, I am increasingly worried about data privacy. I have taken several steps the last couple of years in this front, but for every step in the right direction I perform, I end up taking one in the wrong one. It is so hard to come into good terms with data privacy nowadays… The effort and knowledge required is simply too high for a regular citizen. I feel in this front like I did back in the days I started using Open Source. Like back then, I feel the world is against me. But I lack now the same energy level I had. A sign of getting old, I guess.

    • Resorbing Patent Law’s Kessler Cat – Request for Comments

      The cat: We parallel our article alongside a short parable from Paulo Coelho titled the “Importance of the Cat in Meditation.” The basic punchline is that once people started thinking the cat was an important element of mediation, it was easier for them to scientifically explain the importance rather than let go of the meaningless attachment. We argue that the Kessler Doctrine is following the same pathway, the Federal Circuit’s explanations do not make sense, and that it is time to resorb the doctrine into the general law of preclusion.

    • Hardware

      • Adding An Audio Jack To Classic Headphones Is A Nifty Upgrade | Hackaday

        [mauriziomiscio.mm] has a way of dealing with the problem in a once-and-done fashion, by installing a female audio jack into his vintage headphones. The benefit is that if the cable is damaged, it can simply be unplugged and replaced with a new one, and is commonly seen on headphones from companies like KRK.

        The hack is simple when applied to a classic pair of AKG K141 headphones. The little plastic casing on one earpiece is popped off, and replaced with a 3D-printed version that stoutly holds a female TRS jack in place. This can then be soldered up to the wiring inside the headphones.

        With everything assembled, the headphones can now use an easily-replaceable cable, and one needn’t worry about having to bust out the soldering iron if the lead is damaged in future. It’s a particularly useful hack for those who use their headphones on the road, always throwing them into backpacks between gigs.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • FDA Biosimilar Approval Recap – 2021 [Ed: FDA under Trump and Biden is known for regulatory capture, rubbers-stamping -- symptom is a dying economy where few people control the entire system]

        The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved four biosimilar drugs in 2021 under the provisions of the Biologics Price Competition and Innovation Act (BPCIA, codified at 42 U.S.C. § 262) as part of the Affordable Care Act of 2010 (colloquially known as “Obamacare”). This brings to 33 the total number of approved biosimilars, although the effects of the pandemic has been felt in the last two years. From 2015 (when there was only a single approved biosimilar, Sandoz’s Zarxio®, see chart below), the rate of approvals rose every year (3 in 2016, 5 in 2017, 7 in 2018, and 10 in 2019), but 2020 saw only 3 approvals.

      • Corruption is The Easiest Way to Turn an Outbreak Into a Disaster

        The death of Dr. Li Wenliang (Feb.7.2020) sparks outrage as he was the first whistleblower for the current outbreak. Until this moment, many human rights groups and civil groups worldwide are demanding an investigation into his alleged grievance and speech suppression.

        [...]

        Propaganda and conspiracy lies are a means to control and keep the people busy in the dark arguing with each other while the thieves keep stealing them.

        However, they always backfire and when they do, they will hit the manufacture in the face. The closes example is Iran, look consequences of that.

        [...]

        The solution is quite simple: if you want to fight the epidemic you have to face and fight your endemic corruption.

    • Integrity/Availability

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • Novak Djokovic & Codes of Conduct

        Court documents show that Australian Border Force officials tried to pressure Novak into accepting deportation after his 25 hour journey. They denied him access to lawyers and documents. Let us put that in context: Victoria Police do an excellent job promoting safety on the roads in our state. One of their campaigns tells us that lack of sleep is equivalent to intoxication and drugs. Therefore, if the border police ask for a traveller to give consent to a serious topic like deportation after 25 hours without proper sleep, it is not real consent. Their insistence is on par with date rape.

        The Tampa affair in 2001 was just a few weeks before an election. The next election in Australia has to be between February and May. Novak Djokovic is the new Tampa. Around the world, the incarceration of Novak has provoked ridicule and anger at Australia’s apartheid-like immigration system. Yet in Australia, the Government is hoping to win votes from bullying a foreign athlete.

        [...]

        The quarantine hotel where Novak is imprisoned is in the middle of the University precinct

        I studied computer science and engineering in buildings barely 200 meters away from Novak’s prison, I walked past that hotel almost every day

        Novak has conjured an anti-vax mob in the street barely 500 meters from the Doherty Institute. That was the first lab in the world to cultivate Covid and sequence the genome outside China. Their brilliance in health is on par with Novak’s brilliance in tennis.

        Novak is a leader in sport and Australians have great respect for that. The best leaders are willing to listen to all sides of the story. While Novak is in this unique corner of Melbourne, I hope he will take the time to seek the opinion and advice of world leaders on pandemics and vaccination. In equal measure, I hope to see Novak playing in the tournament without further excuses from the Boarder Force officials.

      • Why Democrats Are So Bad at Defending Democracy

        When it comes to elections, the Republican Party operates within a carapace of lies. So we rely on the Democrats to preserve our system of government.

        The problem is that Democrats live within their own insular echo chamber. Within that bubble convenient falsehoods spread, go unchallenged and make it harder to focus on the real crisis. So let’s clear away some of these myths that are distorting Democratic behavior…

    • Monopolies

      • Google Fired A Black Leading AI Scientist, But Now She’s Founded Her Own Firm

        Timnit Gebru, an Ethiopian with Eritrean heritage, was a leading artificial intelligence computer scientist until she was fired from Google. Recently she launched her firm that was awarded $3.7 million in funding from the MacArthur Foundation, Ford Foundation, Kapor Center, Open Society Foundation, and the Rockefeller Foundation.

        Her company is an independent artificial intelligence research institute that will concentrate on the harmful outcomes technology has on marginalized groups who encounter inordinate effects from AI structures but lack the access to govern its development, as reported by The Washington Post.

      • Protecting Your Online Brand on Amazon [Ed: Amazon has fast become a ‘censorship platform’ for merchandise]

        In today’s ever-expanding e-commerce environment, online brand protection and enforcement has become a necessary undertaking of paramount importance for brand owners in efforts to combat the illicit trade of counterfeit and infringing products. With around 2 million active sellers on Amazon, and approximately 200 million active Amazon Prime subscribers, it’s easy to understand why brand owners choose to offer their products on Amazon.

      • Patents

        • Can amending the description to summarize the prior art add matter to the patent application as filed? (T 0471/20) [Ed: EPO Guidelines for Examination have strayed very far away from what’s actually legal, abusing not just the granting authority but also patent examiners]

          The EPO Guidelines for Examination require the description of a patent application to summarise the background art (F-II-4.3). This requirement usually manifests with a request from the Examiner for the description to be amended to identify the closest prior art. In contrast to other types of description amendment, amending the description so as to mention known prior art seems a relatively innocuous requirement. It is hard to see how the addition of a simple summary of the prior art could be detrimental to the patentee. However, this comfortable assumption was recently put to the test in T 471/20, in which the Board of Appeal considered whether an amendment summarising the prior art could be considered to change the scope of the claim, add matter and thereby invalidate the patent. It will come as a relief to many that the Board of Appeal disagreed with the original finding of the Opposition Division, and found that introducing a prior art reference cannot add matter. However, the Board of Appeal did note that description amendments in general could add matter should they change the interpretation of the claims.

          [...]

          The Opposition Division (OD) found the patent invalid on the grounds that the description amendment summarising D8 added matter. The OD was particularly convinced by the Opponent’s arguments that the filing unit disclosed in D8, contrary to the amendment in the patent, would be understood by a skilled person to be a robot, i.e., “a machine which can be programmed to perform tasks which involve manipulative or locomotive actions under automatic control”. As such, the statement that D8 did not relate to a robot was a subjective as opposed to a factual statement. The Opposition Division further found that by introducing this subjective statement, the applicant had effectively introduced a disclaimer into the description. By stating that the disclosure in D8 was not a robot, the applicant had thereby changed the meaning of “robot” as used in the patent application, including the claims.

          The OD found that the application as filed did not contain subject matter equivalent to the disclaimer indirectly provided by the applicants summary of D8, and as such, the summary of D8 added matter. The patentee was unable to delete the disclaimer as this would have been considered to broaden the scope of the patent, which is not permitted post-grant (the so-called “added matter trap”). The patent was thus revoked in its entirety.

        • Strict US written description requirement applied to CAR-T-cell therapy (Juno v Kite) [Ed: Oddball criteria for patent eligibility to help fake the actual novelty and basically rubber-stamp tons of laughable fake 'inventions' in exchange for fees]

          In the US, functional antibody claims have increasingly failed to satisfy the strict “written description” sufficiency requirement. The written description requirement stipulates that a patent specification should sufficiently describe the claimed invention such that a skilled person would be convinced that the inventor had possession of the claimed subject matter at the filing date. In a Court Appeal of the Federal Circuit (CAFC) decision last year, the same reasoning was applied to a broadly claimed molecule for CAR-T-cell therapy (Juno v Kite). The decision in Juno v Kite is not a surprise in light of the recent CAFC case law on written description for antibodies, and represents yet another nail in the coffin of functional genus claiming for biomolecules in the US.

          [...]

          Written description is a type of sufficiency requirement, derived from the stipulation in US law that a patent specification “shall contain a written description of the invention” (35 US Code § 112(a)). The written description has been understood by the US courts as requiring the patent specification to describe the invention such that it reasonably conveys to a skilled person that the inventor had possession of the claimed subject matter as of the filing date. As such, “a mere wish or plan” for obtaining the claimed invention is not sufficient to satisfy the written description requirement.

          Over the years, the US courts have grown stricter and stricter in their application of the written description requirement to functional language or genus claims for biological inventions such as antibodies. The written description requirement has been interpreted as requiring demonstration in the specification that the patent applicant “has invented species sufficient to support a claim to the functionally-defined genus” (Ariad v Eli Lilly). In practice, the bar for what constitutes a sufficient number of species has been set very high. In Abbvie v Janssen, for example, a claim directed to a functionally defined anti-Il-12 antibody was found invalid for lack of written description despite disclosure in the specification of 300 example antibodies. In this case, the CAFC found that that 300 examples did not sufficiently represent all antibodies that might fall under the scope of the claim.

          To this Kat’s knowledge, the decision in Juno v Kite is the first time the CAFC has applied the written description case law to a CAR-T-cell invention.

        • Europe: key patent issues counsel should monitor this year [Ed: Rory O’Neill propping up UPC delusions; he knows what patent litigation firms are paying his salary]

          Between AI inventorship, SEPs, and the UPC, there’s plenty to keep European attorneys busy in 2022

        • Patent Law’s Fifth Column: Motivation to Combine with Reasonable Expectation to Success [Ed: SCOTUS and obvious (fake) patents, which should never even be granted in the first place]

          In its petition for writ of certiorari, Apotex asks the Supreme Court to revisit motivation to combine, obvious to try and whether the non-obvious contribution needs to be an improvement over the prior art. The petition argues that KSR v. Teleflex (2007) requires a flexible analysis, but that “over the ensuing decade-and-a-half, the Federal Circuit has … reverted to its old rigid ways.” The petition also complains that the Federal Circuit has again masked its jurisprudence via Summary Affirmance without opinion.

        • Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp. v. Accord Healthcare, Inc. (Fed. Cir. 2022)

          When does the absence of evidence turn into evidence of absence, and when does such absence amount to an adequate written description of the absence of a step of a method claim? This is a question that comes readily to mind when reading the Federal Circuit’s opinion (and Chief Judge Moore’s dissent) in Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp. v. Accord Healthcare, Inc. (Fed. Cir. 2022).

          The case arose in ANDA litigation over U.S. Patent No. 9,187,405, which recites methods for treating recurring remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), a degenerative disorder of the myelin surrounding nervous tissue, with fingolimod (2-amino-2-[2-(4-octylphenyl)ethyl]propane-1,3-diol) sold by Novartis under the brand name Gilenya®.

          [...]

          Chief Judge Moore’s dissent, as foreshadowed in the majority opinion, focused on the adequacy vel non of the written description of the negative limitation regarding the absence of a loading dose of fingolimod hydrochloride. Perhaps sensitized to the issue by the Court’s recent Biogen decision, the Chief Judge asserted that “[t]he majority dramatically expands a patentee’s ability to add, years after filing a patent application, negative claim limitations that have zero support in the written description” (emphasis added), summarizing her position with appropriate pith as “[s]ilence is not disclosure.” The dissent illustrates how readily answers to questions like the one before the Court can be completely divergent depending on which “policy lever” (as legal academics might call them) are considered most relevant. The Chief focused on disclosure, which carries with it a requirement for affirmative statements and definitions that without question are not found in the ’405 specification (although it can be appreciated that there must be a limit to the requirement for affirmatively disclosing what an invention does not comprise, lest a specification become overburdened with unnecessary verbiage directed to irrelevancies). The dissent provided a basis for the Chief’s apprehension that in this case the question of whether the absence of an initial loading dose was not so straightforward when it noted that the limitation was added in response to an obviousness rejection asserted against claims in a co-pending priority application to the ’405 patent. The Chief Judge found support for her position in many of the same cases cited by the majority or distinguished them, to the point that these cases require that a patent specification must “describe[] a reason to exclude the relevant limitation,” citing Sartorius (emphasis in dissent). And the Chief parsed the specification and the testimony to support her conclusion that the District Court’s interpretation of the adequacy of the written description regarding the negative limitation concerning a loading dose, and the majority’s affirmance thereof, was error. According to the dissent “the district court (and now the majority) [engaged in] rewriting the specification with expert testimony” to arrive at their conclusion regarding such adequacy.

        • Strategic IP Considerations of Batteries and Energy Storage Solutions [Ed: This patent 'gold rush' is burning the world because climate issues aren't being tackled, it's being treated as nothing but "premium" profiteering and monopolistic opportunity]

          The lithium-ion battery, introduced commercially in 1991, revolutionized the consumer electronics industry. Compared with older battery technologies, the lithium-ion battery was lightweight and compact, had high energy density, and required little to no maintenance, making it the ideal battery for mobile devices. It now powers the world’s most popular electronics, from smartphones to laptops to wearable devices. But the lithium-ion battery has now expanded far beyond the consumer electronics industry, sparking a gold rush of research and development aimed at producing lower-cost, higher-performance batteries that can be used in a wider range of applications. Over the past decade, developments in battery technology have led to rapid advances in the ubiquity of electric vehicles (“EVs”) and opened up new possibilities for energy solutions that will help reduce dependence on fossil fuels. With these technical advances comes an increase in legal activity, including intellectual property (“IP”) filings and litigation.

        • Getting Your First Filing Right [Ed: One paragraph before last here insinuate that the EPC is still taken into account, though EPO violates it every day]

          Wherever filing takes place and in whichever name(s), the making of a priority filing gives rise to a priority right which is often imperative to retain. Under Article 87 EPC, the applicant(s) for claiming priority by the end of the priority year must be the same, unless an original applicant A is added to by an applicant B or an original applicant is substituted by a successor in title. Priority entitlement must be correct at the filing date, but entitlement to a patent can be sorted later. This is the lesson to be learnt from the Marrafini priority issue which led to upholding of revocation of Broad’s CRISPR- related EP2771468 on opposition appeal (EPO Appeal T0884/18).

        • Bolt introduces tandem riding prevention system [Ed: EPO grants invalid patents]

          Bolt, the European scooter operator, has become the first company in the world to introduce a tandem riding prevention system and is on its way to obtaining a patent for the feature from the European Patent Office after its submission was accepted.

        • IceCure Medical CEO Issues Letter to Shareholders [Ed: Celebrating patent monopolies from issuer of fake patents]
        • Oramed Granted Key European Patent for Platform Technology in Oral Delivery of Proteins [Ed: Oramed seems to be unaware of the legitimacy crisis of European Patents; many many be presumed invalid]
        • Legally speaking – Artificial Intelligence is not even close to human intelligence [Ed: Lobbyists against the integrity of patent law have found a worthless Microsoft rag, Analytics India Magazine [sic], to publish some mindless “Hey Hi” fluff]

          In public proceedings, the Legal Board of Appeal of the EPO confirmed that under the European Patent Convention (EPC), an inventor designated in a patent application must be a human being. This was the judgement in combined cases J 8/20 and J 9/20, where the board just dismissed the applicant’s appeal. Here, both the applications were made by a Missouri physicist Stephen Thaler, whose AI-system DABUS had made the inventions.

        • EPO rejects patent application identifying AI system DABUS as inventor [Ed: Bots (“Hey Hi”) are not inventors and even the patent maximalists at the EPO haven’t fallen for this sick ploy]

          The Legal Board of Appeal of the European Patent Office (EPO) has affirmed the decision of the Receiving Section that a patent application cannot succeed where the designated inventor is not a person, but an AI machine. An auxiliary request had also been made indicating that a natural person was to have “the right to the European Patent by virtue of being the owner and creator of” the artificial intelligence system DABUS. This did not meet the provisions of the European Patent Convention (EPC) either.

        • High Growth SMEs And A Mix Of IPRs [Ed: Dehns is a notorious spreader of lies about the UPC and here it is citing Europe’s most corrupt, EPO and EUIPO, with lies in the headline (e.g. “IPR”) ]

          Haakon, IP Consultant in the Dehns Oslo office, shares his thoughts on high growth SMEs, referring to new reports from IP Australia, an EUIPO/EPO report and several papers on collaboration, open innovation and IP management.

          I just read a new report from IP Australia on high growth SMEs and how they use IPRs. First, the report finds that SMEs’ use of IPR is associated with high growth and higher wages. The conclusions align with what the EPO and EUIPO reported in their 2019 “High-growth firms and intellectual property rights.”

          Interestingly, both reports point to how a mix of IPR – for example of patents, trademarks and designs – associates even more with high growth than having only a single type of rights. My favourite topic: The new Australian report does not mention how trade secrets could be a part of the mix – but the EPO/EUIPO report discusses this (see p. 19).

        • [Conference Report] Patents, truth, PCT and more at the UIC School of Law International IP Practice Seminar [Ed: Some phonies that have managed to conflate patents with privacy and then promote patent maximalism with misnomers like "IP"]

          Back in October, University of Illinois Chicago School of Law’s Center for Intellectual Property (“IP”), Information, and Privacy Law organized and virtually hosted its International IP Practice Seminar. The Seminar, co-organized by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and Kuhnen & Wacker, brought together international policymakers and practitioners to discuss the worldwide landscape of the most cutting-edge IP issues from a comparative perspective. Each speaker brought unique national and international perspectives across industries, technologies, and IP subject matter to the discussion. Adam Ernette (UIC) reports on the seminar.

        • Mazda Patents Reveal RWD Car With Rotary Engine and Hybrid Tech

          Mazda has filed several new patents in Europe, and they appear to be regarding a new rotary-engined vehicle. The unnamed model has a hybrid configuration, along with a transaxle gearbox. This is just the tip of the iceberg, though, but that does not guarantee it will be built.

          [...]

          As the Mazda aficionado who goes by the name taku2_4885 found, the rotary engine configuration that the Japanese marque has patented in Europe is part of a series of patents, and if they are put together, it appears that the company is planning a rear-wheel-drive sports car with a 48V hybrid configuration.

          The transmission is a transaxle, while the engine is a three-rotor, which is entirely new. It is worth noting that not all the images in the photo gallery are recently filed, some being as old as 2019, but they do make sense and form a potential new model.

        • FOSS Patents: Contributed article to Wolters Kluwer publication and discussed practical implications of German patent ‘reform’ on licensing negotiations

          Only intermittently do I author articles in German–and it’s more or less unprecedented for me to adopt a quasi-academic style with proper citations because it would just slow me down when adding content to this blog. But the rare exception has just occurred, and a German-language Wolters Kluwer publication very recently published a German-language article of mine, with various citations in the footnotes.

          A few years ago Wolters Kluwer’s Licensing Journal asked for permission to reprint a FOSS Patents post on a Qualcomm-BlackBerry licensing dispute that was resolved through binding arbitration. I gladly authorized it. Now, the November 2021 edition of Wolters Kluwer’s Zeitschrift für das Recht der digitalen Wirtschaft (which I would translate as “law journal for the digital economy”) has come out with a slight delay, and on pages 407-410 (the content of the November edition starts with page number 401) subscribers can find my article entitled Unterlassungsanspruch bleibt Hebel der Patentinhaber in Lizenzverhandlungen (“entitlement to injunctive relief continues to give patentees leverage in licensing negotiations”).

          The ZdiW’s editors are professors Bernd Hartmann and Mary-Rose McGuire, both of the University of Osnabrueck in Northern Germany. Professor McGuire was a witness at a parliamentary hearing on patent injunction reform, frequently comments on patent enforcement rules, and under her auspices, Maximilian Schellhorn (now practicing law at Hoyng Rokh Monegier) authored a doctoral thesis that took a critical perspective on the proposal for German patent injunction reform that was on the table at the time and subsequently adopted in an almost identical fashion.

        • CommWorks Solutions reexamination granted

          On December 23, 2021, about one month after Unified filed an ex parte reexamination, the USPTO granted Unified’s request, finding substantial new questions of patentability on the challenged claims of U.S. Patent 6,832,249. The ‘249 patent is owned and asserted by CommWorks Solutions, LLC, an NPE and subsidiary of IP Investments Group LLC, and is generally directed to multi-layered internet communication systems that allow for control over quality of service and priority of information delivery. It is being asserted against Comcast and RCN Telecom and is at issue in a declaratory judgment action brought by Altice USA. It was also previously asserted against Skybeam, Mediacom, AMG Technology Investment Group, Consolidated Communications Holdings, and Cable One, Inc.

        • Just 1 Judge Accounted for Nearly 25% of Patent Infringement Filings in 2021, New Report Says

          Patent owners continued to converge on U.S. District Judge Alan Albright’s Waco courtroom in 2021, though the number of patent infringement suits overall was flat, according to Unified Patents statistics.

          [...]

          Patent infringement suits boomed in U.S. District Judge Alan Albright’s courtroom in 2021, but they were flat across federal courts as a whole, according to Unified Patents’ annual Patent Dispute Report: Year in Review, released Monday

          America Invents Act (AIA) challenges dropped by 12 percent at the Patent Trial and Appeal Board, but ex parte reexaminations were on the rise. Unified Patents Chief IP Counsel Jonathan Stroud chalked it up to the PTAB’s Fintiv framework discouraging some AIA petitioners, plus a few reexaminations that led to stay orders in high-profile cases.

        • USPTO Announces Deferred Subject Matter Eligibility Response Pilot Program [Ed: Software patent litigation profiteer Michael Borella is cheering on paid and corrupted politicians looking to change the law to allow bogus patents in defiance of the Supreme Court, common sense, software professionals and so on]

          On January 6, 2022, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office announced a new program with the goal of increasing examiner efficiency. The Deferred Subject Matter Eligibility Response (DSMER) Pilot Program will launch on February 1, 2022 and end on July 30, 2022, unless extended.[1] The Program allows applicants to, in certain circumstances, not include a substantive reply to a 35 U.S.C. § 101 rejection in an Office action response. The USPTO initiated the Program at the suggestion of Senators Thom Tillis and Tom Cotton (see “Senators Tillis and Cotton Propose Sequenced Examination Approach”).

          [...]

          For a participating application, the applicant may file a response that defers “presenting arguments, evidence, or amendments in response to the SME rejection(s) until the earlier of final disposition of the participating application or the withdrawal or obviation of all other outstanding rejections.” But, the applicant must respond to all other objections and rejections in the Office action. In other words, if the claims are rejected on the grounds of subject matter eligibility and obviousness, the applicant must respond to the obviousness rejections and can choose whether to respond to the eligibility rejections.

          The “final disposition” above is when the earliest of any of the following events occurs: (i) mailing of a notice of allowance, (ii) mailing of a final Office action, (iii) filing of a notice of appeal, (iv) filing of an RCE, or (v) abandonment of the application.[3] In the case that the applicant receives a subsequent non-final Office action in which only the § 101 rejection remains, the applicant must respond to this rejection even though the application has not reached a final disposition.

          Further, the applicant’s deferral of § 101 responses can be on a rejection-by-rejection basis.[4] For instance, if an Office action contains two different § 101 rejections, the applicant may defer one, the other, or both. The USPTO also contemplates removing an application from the Program in certain rare situations, such as when a participating examiner resigns or retires and the application is not reassigned to another participating examiner.

        • Timing of CVSG Briefs: American Axle Coming Soon [Ed: This is a lie from Dennis Crouch. Patents are not properly. He says “form of” because he knows he’s dishonest. “Although patents are a form of private property…]

          Although patents are a form of private property, they are also expressly a tool of public policy. When a private patent lawsuit of interest reaches the Supreme Court, the Court regularly turns to the President’s administration for its views on how a decision may impact patent law and innovation writ large. That request for an amicus brief from the government is termed a CVSG – Call for the Views of the Solicitor General. One problem with CVSGs is that they typically add several months to the certiorari process because the DOJ spends substantial time collecting input from various government branches and outside interests before drafting and filing its brief. In patent cases, a Gov’t amicus brief is often the most important at the certiorari stage — or at least the most predictive of the outcome.

        • The IPKat welcomes new GuestKats

          The dawn of a new year is here, and in the spirit of renovation, The IPKat welcomes new GuestKats Gabriele Girardello, Jan Jacobi and Becky Knott to our family.

        • In memoriam: William (Bill) Cornish (1937 – 2022) [Ed: Jeremy Phillips back to IP Kat, which he founded and then left, as his friend has just died]

          I first encountered Bill Cornish in 1974 when, as a raw intellectual property doctoral student, I travelled up from Canterbury to discuss my chosen topic and seek his advice. In the 1970s, people who taught IP were almost as rare as those who studied it. We must have been a little wary of one another, since we scarcely spoke about the subject at all — me because, as a neophyte, I was unwilling to display my ignorance of it and Bill because, as I was later to discover, had so much to talk about that interested him more than straight IP. But what I did find out, in that first meeting, was how many important people he knew and how well he had assessed their usefulness to me in my chosen subject.

          It was more than a decade later, in 1985, that I next encountered Bill. He was then about to succeed the legendary Professor Friedrich-Karl Beier as President of ATRIP, the Association for Advancement of Teaching and Research in Intellectual Property. It turned out that I had made sufficient of an impression for him to summon me from the wilds of Queen Mary College’s Mile End Campus in order to act as Secretary to ATRIP during his term of office. It was during Bill’s two-year presidency that I got to know him much better. I can testify that he was a pleasure to work with. His instructions to me were always brief, relevant and unambiguous. To be honest, he didn’t really need a secretariat. I often found that, by the time I came to carry out his orders, he had already performed to perfection the administrative chores with which he had tasked me.

          ATRIP conferences displayed Bill at his best. Here he could share his deep understanding of IP with colleagues from around the world. A good and diplomatic listener, he gave his ear to all who sought it. Quiet and serious by nature, he was always on duty, though we all enjoyed watching him let his hair down at venues where a piano might be found; he would play though a series of exquisitely executed pieces with a verve and panache that stood in stark contrast with the solemnity of his set-piece speeches.

        • Counsel set out concerns about EPO after latest BoA move announcement [Ed: Serious corruption; nobody punished]

          In light of the proposal to move the offices of the EPO Boards of Appeal back to central Munich, just five years after they were relocated to the suburb of Haar, counsel told Managing IP they’d be more than pleased the see the BoA return.

          They noted that the move had given them pause to reflect on the whole episode and what it said about the EPO, however.

          “From commercial point of view, it’s a catastrophe,” said Beat Weibel, chief IP counsel at Siemens in Munich.

        • Asia patent trends in 2022: SEP rates, court changes and more [Ed: Another think tank manned only by patent maximalists and profiteers, to be covered by so-called ‘journalists’ they subsidise for propaganda and lobbying]

          Patent lawyers from China, India, Japan, South Korea and Singapore talk about SEPs, pharma patents and other matters they’re keeping an eye on this year

        • Software Patents

          • Access Advance licence is non-FRAND, rules Regional Court Düsseldorf [Ed: Software patents being advanced into Europe or creeping into illegal territories by “HEVC Advance”]

            Four members of the Access Advance patent pool, formerly known as HEVC Advance, have been in dispute with Vestel since summer 2020 over six patents for the HEVC/H.265 standard. However, the court has declared the member licenses to be non-FRAND. The technology enables the encoding of video content and images, and is used in television sets and for streaming on mobile devices.

            Pool members GE Video Compression, Dolby, IP Bridge and Philips are the plaintiff accusing Vestel of infringing patents EP 25 59 245, EP 28 42 318 (both GE), EP 27 77 270, EP 27 77 269 (both Dolby) as well as EP 17 39 973 (IP Bridge) and EP 29 50 544 (Philips). All patents are SEPs.

            [...]

            The court’s decision to find the pool members’ licensing offer non-FRAND surprised the patent community. In a similar case, in summer 2020 the same judge found HEVC Advance’s licenses to be FRAND in a dispute with MAS Elektronik. That case involved some of the same patents as the present case, namely Dolby’s EP 270 and GE’s EP 245.

            Recently, in almost all other major disputes in which patent pools sued implementers, German patent chambers have generally ruled favourably for patent holders. An example is in the dispute between Via Licensing against TCL or in the protracted proceedings between MPEG LA and Huawei.

          • $2,000 for Xperi Holding prior art [Ed: Software patents again. Use Alice/Section 101 instead of "prior art"]

            On January 4, 2022, Unified Patents added a new PATROLL contest, with a $2,000 cash prize, seeking prior art on at least claim 1 of U.S. Patent 11,012,720. The patent is owned by Xperi Holding Corporation, an NPE. The ’720 patent generally relates to selectively providing a buffer time prior to deletion of a media content item.

          • Another MicroPairing patent challenged

            On January 4, 2022, Unified filed a petition for inter partes review (IPR) against U.S. Patent 7,178,049, owned by MicroParing Technologies LLC, an NPE. The ’049 patent is generally directed to managing applications in a multi-processor system in a vehicle and was asserted against several car companies in 2021, including Mazda, Kia, Hyundai, Honda, Toyota, GM, Nissan, Mitsubishi, FCA, and Volvo.

          • $2,000 for HY LIT Radio Tech prior art

            On January 4, 2022, Unified Patents added a new PATROLL contest, with a $2,000 cash prize, seeking prior art on at least claim 1 of U.S. Patent 8,793,330. The patent is owned by HY LIT Radio Technologies Inc., an NPE. The ‘330 patent generally relates to a system and method for displaying graphics, text, animation, video, and other content.

          • Patent splurging: how in-house would spend budget increases [Ed: Litigation fanatics and profiteers just want to sue more and more for profit, say they "would invest in people" (what people? Patent trolls? Brutal litigators?); they are destroying companies and people's careers]

            Four lawyers tell Managing IP that they would invest in people, foreign filings and patent quality if their budgets went up by 20% or more

          • UK: Health-Conscious IP Strategies [Ed: When HGF isn’t too busy spreading lies for the illegal and unconstitutional UPC it helps the EPO spread lies and propaganda terms (“MedTech IP”) as loophole for unlawful software patents]

            As MedTech patent filings grow, so do the number of rights obtained by applicants operating in the healthcare market. In addition to restricting the actions of new entrants in the marketplace, patent portfolios can be monetised to provide licensing income and returns on R&D investment. The graph below (based on statistics from the European Patent Office) shows that the number of MedTech patents granted in Europe has vastly increased over the last ten years, reflecting the expansion of R&D activities throughout this industry.

      • Trademarks

        • Board of Appeal sweeps floor with Invalidity Division: vacuum cleaner bags do enjoy design right protection [Ed: Reminder that the EUIPO’s Boards of Appeal, which are controlled by a crooked crony, are not too concerned about actual novelty]

          With the holiday season behind us, the vacuum cleaner is a valuable ally to get rid of leftover pine needles or bits of broken baubles. For those Kats that have a vacuum cleaner operating with cleaner bags, a decision by the EUIPO (Third) Board of Appeal (‘BOA’) may be ofparticular interest. In the case of Miele v. Green Label (of 23 August 2021), the BOA ruled that vacuum cleaner bags enjoy design right protection, overturning a previous decision by the Invalidity Division.

        • Four US trademark and copyright trends shaping 2022: lawyers [Ed: A site called Managing IP [sic] conflating trademark law and copyright law]

          Attorneys may finally see the effects of the CASE Act and the Trademark Modernization Act in the new year, among other things

        • The TTABlog®: Professor McCarthy Criticizes CAFC’s Stance on Article III Standing in Brooklyn Brewery Case

          Professor J. Thomas McCarthy has provided to me his comments on the CAFC’s October 27, 2021 decision in the Brooklyn Brewery case, in which the appellate court largely affirmed the TTAB’s denial of Plaintiff Brooklyn Brewery’s petition for cancellation of a registration for the mark BROOKLYN BREW SHOP (in standard form) for beer-making kits. However, as to the Board’s dismissal of Brewery’s opposition to the stylized form of the mark for “sanitizing preparations for household use,” the court ruled that Brewery lacked Article III standing to appeal that decision because it failed to demonstrate that it would suffer injury if the registration were granted, since the Brewery does not sell sanitizing preparations. That, in Professor McCarthy’s view, was a serious error. His comments are set out below.

          [...]

          In my opinion, the court’s embrace in the Brooklyn Brewery case of a novel requirement of a competitive relationship is both unprecedented and alarming. I can only hope that it will not be read by this or other courts to work a sudden and far-reaching change in the legal test for likelihood of confusion. A century ago, courts did require competition between the parties for infringement by likelihood of confusion to occur. For example, in 1912 the Seventh Circuit found no infringement of the trademark BORDEN for milk by the use of BORDEN for ice cream because the goods were non-competitive. Borden Ice Cream Co v. Borden’s Condensed Milk Co, 201 F. 510, 513 (7th Cir. 1912).

          Under that early view of trademark law, unless there was competition between the parties, there could not be a diversion of customers and thus there could be no injury to the mark owner. Case law in the early 20th century decisively rejected the earlier precedent. For many decades since, no court, including the Federal Circuit, has held that the parties must be in competition with each other for a likelihood of confusion to occur. See McCarthy on Trademarks and Unfair Competition, §24:13 (Competition is Not Necessary for Confusion to Occur.) The Federal Circuit itself held that the “related goods test measures whether a reasonably prudent consumer would believe that noncompetitive but related goods sold under similar marks derive from the same source, or are affiliated with, connected with, or sponsored by the same trademark owner.” In re Save Venice New York, Inc., 259 F.3d 1346, 1355, 59 U.S.P.Q.2d 1778 (Fed. Cir. 2001),

        • Dairy good: Judge rules ‘gruyere’ is not a term exclusive to Europe [Ed: Monopolies on words and name never end too well]

          A judicial ruling has determined that “gruyere” is a generic style of cheese that can come from anywhere.

          Senior Judge T. S. Ellis III of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia upheld the August 5, 2020, precedential decision of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office’s Trademark Trial and Appeal Board. The decision reaffirms that all cheesemakers, not just those in France or Switzerland, can continue to create and market cheese under this common name.

          In the judicial decision made public yesterday evening, the Consortium for Common Food Names,U.S. Dairy Export Council, National Milk Producers Federation, and a coalition of other dairy stakeholders prevailed in their sustained fight to preserve the ability of all actors in the U.S. marketplace to use generic terms.

        • Dairy scores key victory in US fight for cheese names [Ed: Monopolies on names of cheese]
        • Why collaboration is crucial for trademark industry innovation – exclusive IP office roundtable [Ed: Grotesque terms such as "trademark industry" (yes, industry) show what happened to what was supposed to exist for one purpose but got corrupted over time]

          There have been some major innovation developments at national offices around the world in the past 18 months, as new partnerships have been struck to bring non-core tools and services to users.

        • 3D trade marks return to equilibrium? The end of the Gömböc saga [Ed: CJEU fires back against #trademark maximalists?]

          In 2020, upon referral by the Supreme Court of Hungary (Kúria), the CJEU issued a leading case on the interpretation of Art. 3(1)(e) of the Trade Mark Directive related to a 3D shape (Gömböc, C-237/19, Kat post, here). The Kúria issued its decision following the CJEU ruling in late 2021 (not yet published online at the time of writing) and put an end to the case, ruling that the shape of the Gömböc cannot be protected under EU trade mark law.

          Before delving into the reasoning of the Court, a refresher in Euclidean solid geometry will be helpful. Until recently, it was believed that a three-dimensional body having only two equilibrium points (one stable and one unstable) did not exist. This conjecture was tested by two Hungarian engineers who not only proved it wrong, but actually built the three-dimensional body representing such a shape, naming it the Gömböc (read more about the etymology of this word in the Kat post on the CJEU decision).

          [...]

          The applicant also sought registration of the Gömböc shape for “decorative items” in class 14 and “decorative crystalware and chinaware” in class 21. The Court addressed the two product classes together.

          The Court first observed that the relevant public considers the Gömböc shape to be the tangible symbol of a mathematical discovery. Hence, the relevant public wishes to purchase a Gömböc because of what it represents in terms of the history of science. The main objective of trade marks is to distinguish between products or services of competitors. The substantial value of the shape of a Gömböc stems, as the Court put it, “from an intellectual creation” and not from the intent to distinguish certain goods from goods of a competitor.

          Trade mark law is not the correct intellectual property right to protect such shapes. Accordingly, the Court ruled that the shape of a Gömböc is excluded from registration for decorative items in classes 14 and 21, based on Art. 3(1)(e)(iii) of the Trade Mark Directive (and the Hungarian statutory provisions implementing it).

        • TTAB Sustains Section 2(d) Opposition to ALZHEIMER’S NEW JERSEY WALK TO FIGHT ALZHEIMER’S & Design for Charitable Fundraising

          The Board sustained this opposition to registration of the mark ALZHEIMER’S NEW JERSEY WALK TO FIGHT ALZHEIMER’S & Design on the ground of likelihood of confusion with the common law mark WALK TO END ALZHEIMER’S & Design, both marks for charitable fundraising services. The Board readily rejected the applicant’s prior registration (a/k/a Morehouse ] defense. Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Disorders Association v. Alzheimer’s New Jersey, Opposition No. 91245121 (December 31, 2021) [not precedential] [Opinion by Judge Robert H. Coggins].

        • The TTABlog®: TTABlog Test: How Did These Three Recent Section 2(d) Appeals Turn Out?

          Here are the first three TTAB decisions of the new year in appeals from Section 2(d) refusals. No hints today. How do you think they turned out? [Answer in first comment].

        • [Guest post] Retromark Volume X: the last six months in trade marks – The IPKat [Ed: What 2021 was like for trademark maximalists that think shapes are "owned"]

          Retromark turns ten volumes, making it about four and a half human years old. That’s roughly 30 in dog years and closer to mid-30s in cat years (apparently). A lot has changed over that time, but the trade mark cases keep coming.

Links 9/1/2022: GitHub Abandonment and antiX 17.5

Posted in News Roundup at 1:35 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • Video Conferencing (LCA) « etbe – Russell Coker

        I’ve just done a tech check for my LCA lecture. I had initially planned to do what I had done before and use my phone for recording audio and video and my PC for other stuff. The problem is that I wanted to get an external microphone going and plugging in a USB microphone turned off the speaker in the phone (it seemed to direct audio to a non-existent USB audio output). I tried using bluetooth headphones with the USB microphone and that didn’t work. Eventually a viable option seemed to be using USB headphones on my PC with the phone for camera and microphone. Then it turned out that my phone (Huawei Mate 10 Pro) didn’t support resolutions higher than VGA with Chrome (it didn’t have the “advanced” settings menu to select resolution), this is probably an issue of Android build features. So the best option is to use a webcam on the PC, I was recommended a Logitech C922 but OfficeWorks only has a Logitech C920 which is apparently OK.

      • How To Secure the Linux Kernel | LinuxSecurity.com

        With the support of the open-source community behind it and a strict privilege system embedded in its architecture, Linux has security built into its design. That being said, gone are the days that Linux system administrators could get away with subpar security practices. Cyber criminals have come to view Linux as a viable attack target due to its growing popularity, the valuable devices it powers worldwide, and an array of dangerous new Linux malware variants that have emerged in recent years.

        It has become apparent that the majority of attacks on Linux systems can be attributed to misconfigurations and poor administration – and failure to properly secure the Linux kernel is often at least partially to blame. Kernel security is a key determinant of overall system security, as the Linux kernel is the foundation of the Linux OS and the core interface between a computer’s hardware and its processes.

        Luckily, the Linux kernel possesses an assortment of effective built-in security defenses – namely, firewalls that use packet filters built into the kernel, Secure Boot, Linux Kernel Lockdown and SELinux or AppArmor – that administrators should take full advantage of. This article will examine the importance of robust kernel security and explore various measures that administrators can take to secure the Linux kernel and protect their systems from malware and other exploits.

      • MGLRU Is A Very Enticing Enhancement For Linux In 2022 – Phoronix

        Going back a number of months Google engineers have been working to address the issue of the Linux kernel’s page reclaim code being too expensive for which they devised the multi-generational LRU framework “MGLRU” and it continues being worked on with mainline ambitions.

        MGLRU has yielded very promising results from servers down through Chrome OS and Android devices too. MGLRU aims to make better choices than the current kernel page reclaim code and to do so more efficiently. Previous numbers punted by Google engineers were cold start times reduced by up to 16% while enjoying fewer low-memory kills, Chrome OS saw upwards of 59% fewer out-of-memory kills and 96% fewer low-memory tab discards in its browser, and server results have been very promising too.

      • Linux 5.16 Graphics Performance In Great Shape For AMD Ryzen APUs – Phoronix

        Back on Christmas Eve I noted how the Linux 5.16 performance was looking real good for AMD APUs as a performance improvement not widely noted to that point with significant uplift over Linux 5.15 stable. The good news is Linux 5.16 is set to debut as stable today and the benchmark results with AMD APU graphics is looking very promising after carrying out tests on additional available systems.

      • Linux 5.17 To Introduce Cirrus CS35L41 HD Audio Codec Driver – Phoronix

        Among many other sound driver changes destined for the upcoming Linux 5.17 cycle, Cirrus Logic has contributed CS35L41 HD audio codec support in the form of a new sound driver, cs35l41_hda.

        Cirrus Logic announced the CS35L41 back in 2019 as the “smallest, low-power boosted smart audio amplifier” and its product page talks it up as “the industry’s most advanced smart boosted audio amplifier solution for mobile devices. It features a top-of-the-line boosted Class D amplifier, combined with an integrated DSP and 5th generation enhancement and protection algorithms. A closed-loop digital input Class D amplifier and an 11 V Class H envelope-tracking boost maximize output power and efficiency. The amplifier features the lowest power consumption, lowest noise, and smallest package size of any amplifier in its class.”

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to Install VMware Workstation Pro Linux Mint 20 – LinuxCapable

        VMware Workstation is a virtual machine software used for x86 and x86-64 computers to run multiple, isolated operating systems over a single physical host machine. Each virtual machine can run a single instance of any operating system such as FreeBSD, Linux, macOS, or Windows. VMware was established in 1998 with a solid history of producing high-quality products for virtualization, with VMware Workstation being launched in 2001.

        Widespread use for virtual machines is to run isolated environments for production or in running services for services. With VMware for production, you can swap between settings quickly. If resources permit the host operating system, you can have multiple virtualization operating systems running separately or working together. This is also useful for Linux users who run numerous copies of distributions.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install VMware PRO 16 on Linux Mint 20.

      • How to Install PyCharm IDE on Linux Mint 20 – LinuxCapable

        PyCharm is a dedicated Python graphical IDE (Integrated Development Environment) popular amongst Python developers with its wide range of essential tools such as analyzing code, debugging, and integration. The IDE also comes with the command line, connects to a database, creates a virtual environment, and manages your version control system (Git).

        IIn the following tutorial, you will learn how to install PyCharm Community, Professional or Educational, with Flatpak or Snapcraft (Snap) on Linux Mint 20.

      • How To Dual Boot Your Raspberry Pi | Tom’s Hardware

        Linux users will be familiar with dual booting their systems. We often have Linux running alongside Windows, or another Linux distro. The Raspberry Pi, itself a small $35 Linux computer, isn’t particularly well known for dual booting, but it can be done; all we need is a little help.

        PINN is a website which creates a custom installation script tailored to our specific requirements. With PINN, we can install multiple OSes to a single micro SD card or USB stick. PINN doesn’t download an OS to our cards, rather it creates an installation file that when run on our Raspberry Pi, will automatically download and install all of our OS choices. From there all we need to do is reboot, choose a new OS and we are ready to create more great Raspberry Pi projects.

      • Remove password from Bank Statement
      • Bash scripting(II)

        This is the second article of a series focused in Gnu Bash scripting. On the first bash scripting article we’ve just created the most simple script: simple commands, one after another. We also saw some variables use.This article will cover bash control structures.

      • How to Install Deepin Desktop Environment (UbuntuDDE) on Linux Mint 20 – LinuxCapable

        The Deepin Desktop Environment (DDE) is known to be one of the most excellent aesthetic-looking desktop environments created by the developers of Deepin Linux. It is often regarded too as the most beautiful desktop on Linux. For users of Ubuntu and Linux Mint, Deepin can be installed by way of UbuntuDDE and comes with all the features of the standard Deepin shell with the addition of Linux Mint/Ubuntu software center and applications instead of the Deepin application store catalog.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install Deepin Desktop Environment (DDE) on Linux Mint 20.

      • How to Install Jellyfin Media Server Linux Mint 20 – LinuxCapable

        Jellyfin is a free, open-source multimedia application designed to organize, manage, and share digital media files to networked devices on an internal network and can be accessed remotely desired. It is a cross-platform and alternative to other major players, Plex and Emby. You can access it from a range of devices such as Mobile, Tablets, TV, and PCs or popular media devices like Roku or Nvidia shield. Jellyfin also serves media to DLNA and Chromecast-enabled devices and can fetch metadata just like Plex and Emby do so that you can organize your media into categories in a rich multimedia experience.

        If you would like to test, Jellyfin has created a demo server to log in and check it out for yourself.

      • How To Install YetiForce on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install YetiForce on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, YetiForce is an open-source and innovative CRM system. It is built on top of Vtiger and has hundreds of changes that help to accomplish even the most challenging tasks in the simplest way. YetiForce manages relations with customers, suppliers, partners, and staff. It offers efficiency, control, multitasking and can integrate with other applications such as maps, LDAP, DAV applications, SMS, and social media portals.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of YetiForce CRM on an Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa).

    • Distributions

      • New Releases

        • antiX-17.5 point release update – antiX Linux

          antiX-17.5 is the final point release update of our 17 series based on Debian Stretch.

          As usual we offer the following completely systemd-free (and for this particular upgrade – elogind-free) flavours for both 32 and 64 bit architecture.

          antiX-full (c1.1GB) – 4 windows managers – IceWM (default), fluxbox, jwm and herbstluftwm plus full libreoffice suite.

          antiX-base (c750MB) – 4 windows managers – IceWM (default), fluxbox, jwm and herbstluftwm.

          antiX-core (c360MB) – no X, but should support most wireless.

          antiX-net (c165MB)- no X. Just enough to get you connected (wired) and ready to build.

      • Debian Family

        • Moving my repositories from Github to Codeberg.org – WindfluechterNet Blog

          Some weeks ago I moved my repositories from Github (evil, Microsoft, blabla) to Codeberg. Codeberg is a non-profit organisation located in Germany. When you really dislike Microsoft products it is somewhat a natural reaction (at least for me) to move away from Github, which was bought by Microsoft, to some more independent service provider for hosting source code.

    • Standards/Consortia

      • FAA lists 50 airports that will have 5G buffer zones ahead of C-band expansion

        The FAA notes that AT&T and Verizon have agreed to turn off their 5G transmitters at these specific buffer zones for six months, which should “minimize potential 5G interference with sensitive aircraft instruments used in low-visibility landings.” Some airports — including major hubs like Hartsfield / Jackson International and Denver International — didn’t make the list, either because they aren’t in locations where 5G C-Band deployment will take place, or they can’t permit low-visibility landings.

  • Leftovers

    • A TikToker Made $200,000 Farting In Jars. Here’s How She Did It

      As a self-described “fartpreneur,” however, Matto may have girlbossed a little too close to the sun. On Christmas, she says, she went to the ER with what she describes as heart attack-esque symptoms, which doctors promptly diagnosed as severe gas pain as a result of her diet. Matto’s visit to the ER, which she recounted to a journalist from the U.K. outlet Jam Press, was aggregated across news outlets across the globe, prompting fervent social media debate as to whether Matto’s fart-selling enterprise was a savvy business move or a cultural death rattle resounding from the bowels of late-stage capitalism (pun very much intended). Yet Matto is unruffled by such critiques, and has harnessed her newfound virality into promoting her newest venture: selling fart jar NFTs for 0.05 ETH (a little less than $200) each, though she has significantly reduced sales of her physical fart jars following her ER visit.

      Eager to learn the inner workings of a thriving fart jar business, Rolling Stone called Matto up at her home in northwestern Connecticut to discuss online sex work, the economics of selling a smell, and whether or not she plans to pivot to selling her queefs. She also threw in a plug for what is, in her educated opinion, the best flatulence-inducing pastry on the market.

      This interview has been edited for length and clarity.

    • Science

      • Want to Restore Your Faith in Humanity? Visit a Scientific Conference

        But, as in many other areas of life, social media distorts our perspective, because it signal boosts the angriest and loudest members of every subculture. In truth, most scientists are engaged in apolitical work, which they conduct beneath the surface of public observation and commentary—as I reminded myself last month, during an informative and inspiring visit to the five-day American Geophysical Union (AGU) Annual Convention in New Orleans.

      • James Webb telescope finishes crucial steps on way to final orbit

        Over the past 14 days, the observatory’s enormous gold-coated primary mirror and smaller secondary mirror were unfurled, and the telescope’s multilayered sunshield was extended. The announcement marks the completion one of the riskiest and most challenging maneuvers since it launched into space.

        Finishing the two-week deployment was a critical milestone for the mission and involved dozens of carefully choreographed post-launch maneuvers. The telescope will now spend roughly two weeks journeying to its final destination, a stable position in orbit around the sun that is around 1 million miles away from Earth.

    • Education

    • Hardware

      • Hidden Shaft And Gears Make This Hollow Clock Go | Hackaday

        [shiura]’s Hollow Clock 3 is a fantastic 3D printed take on a clock movement that uses a hidden mechanism to pull off its unusual operation. The Hollow Clock has no face, just an open space with an hour and minute hand that move as expected. Only the longer minute hand has any apparent connection to the rest of the clock body, with the rest appearing to hang in the air.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • Opinion | Activism Will Be Key to Overcoming the Covid-19 Crisis

        As the Omicron surge overwhelms the world, it is clear to people everywhere that the actions which leaders so far have taken in response to the Covid-19 crisis have not been sufficient to overcome it.

      • Biden and GOP May Find Bipartisanship by Elevating Big Pharma’s Pick to FDA Head
      • ‘I Know What the End of the World Looks Like’

        So despite him, I looked at buying a little bit of agricultural land, thinking it was actually a good hedge to inflation to have a piece of land where I can grow my own food. And that made me realize how messed up the agricultural systems around the world were, and how very little of it made any economic sense. I didn’t end up investing in the land, but I ended up investing tons and tons of time learning everything I could about agriculture, and I just completely got obsessed.

        How is it that we’ve been talking about food security for decades, and yet every time I ask a question I’m only getting more questions? Every time I seek an answer and I’m trying to find the data, I can’t find what I need? I became really attached to that problem. And I thought, “What can I do for Africa?” So when I quit, it was basically with this very loosey-goosey idea around, “I’m going to start a company and it’s going to do something around data and agriculture.”

      • The public health case for decarcerating America’s prison system

        But numbers like these only scratch the surface of the damage incarceration leaves in its wide-rippling wake. That’s because biomedical and social conditions are always intertwined, which means that they implicate not just individuals but communities. As a result, harms inflicted on incarcerated individuals undermine the health and safety of their families, neighborhoods, counties, and, ultimately, the whole country. America’s mass incarceration problem is a massive public health threat to us all.

      • The existential panic in “Don’t Look Up” is real. I see it in my clients

        These days, I no longer compartmentalize the climate crisis in therapy sessions as I once did. My colleagues and I are learning to lead by example in the hopes of promoting a healthier response of engagement to our threatened “more-than-human-world.”

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • 500M Avira Antivirus Users Introduced to Cryptomining

          Many readers were surprised to learn recently that the popular Norton 360 antivirus suite now ships with a program which lets customers make money mining virtual currency. But Norton 360 isn’t alone in this dubious endeavor: Avira antivirus — which has built a base of 500 million users worldwide largely by making the product free — was recently bought by the same company that owns Norton 360 and is introducing its customers to a service called Avira Crypto.

        • Security

          • [Older] Log4j attacks remain low-key compared to infosec industry hype

            The Log4j vulnerability appears to have been overhyped by the infosec industry, with nothing like the scale of attacks expected materialising.

            The flaw, an unauthenticated remote code exploit, allows the complete takeover of systems using versions 2.0-beta9 up to 2.14.1 of the library Log4j.

            Well-known British security researcher Marcus Hutchins was one of those to throw cold water on some of the hype, pointing out that what was rumoured to be a Log4j worm did not work at all.

            “I’ve reverse engineered this supposed Log4j worm and it doesn’t work at all,” he said. “There’s also several bugs in the code that mean even if they did fix the core failure, it would still be completely ineffective.”

          • Privacy/Surveillance

    • Defence/Aggression

      • Opinion | Dick Cheney Paved the Way for Trump and the Capitol Insurrection

        Former Vice President Dick Cheney accompanied his daughter, Rep. Liz Cheney (R-WY), to the Capitol on Thursday to join the moment of silence in commemoration of the Jan. 6 insurrection. They were the only Republicans to attend.

      • Opinion | Desmond Tutu Rememberances Ignore His Dedication to Palestinians Rights

        Obituaries in the corporate and establishment press for South African Archbishop Desmond Tutu rightly celebrated him not only as one of the key leaders of the struggle against apartheid in his own country, but as a global advocate against oppression, including being a fierce Christian voice against homophobia.

      • Police probe at Birmingham mosque as visiting imam ‘praises murderer’ in New Year sermon

        A visiting imam, speaking at Central Jamia Mosque Ghamkol Sharif in Small Heath, was heard to allegedly praise murderer Mumtaz Qadri, who gunned down Pakistani politician Salman Taseer in cold blood and was later convicted of murder and executed for the crime.

      • An expert on civil war issues a warning about America

        The well-argued part goes something like this. Countries are most vulnerable to civil war when they are somewhere between dictatorship and liberal democracy. In a functional democracy, people have no cause to take up arms. In a full-blown dictatorship, they are likely to be locked up or killed the moment they do so. The danger zone opens up when a dictatorship gives way to a looser form of government, but the new regime has not yet found its feet. “Given a choice between democracy and dictatorship, most will gladly take democracy,” Ms Walter writes. “But the road to democracy is a dangerous one.”

        A second risk factor is factionalism. Since the end of the cold war, perhaps 75% of civil wars have been fought between ethnic and religious groups, rather than political ones. Here what matters is not how diverse a country is, but whether politics revolves around identity.

        Political leaders who stir up fear of another group to win support from their own are often especially dangerous. Consider (as Ms Walter does) the former Yugoslavia. As the cold war ended, it cast off communism and began to move towards democracy. It promptly fell apart, goaded by “ethnic entrepreneurs” such as Slobodan Milosevic.

      • Kazakh president gives shoot-to-kill order to quell protests

        Dozens have died and public buildings across Kazakhstan have been ransacked and torched in the worst violence the ex-Soviet republic has experienced in 30 years of independence.

        Moscow said more than 70 planes were ferrying Russian troops into Kazakhstan, and that these were now helping control Almaty’s main airport, recaptured on Thursday from protesters.

      • Far-right extremists shift online strategies

        Domestic extremists are adapting their online strategies to push disinformation and conspiracies despite a crackdown by social media platforms in the year since the attack by a pro-Trump mob on the Capitol.

        Online extremist groups and far-right influencers are using more coded language to slip through gaps in mainstream content moderation enforcement and are still active on alternative platforms that have risen in popularity since the Jan. 6, 2021, [insurrection].

        Experts say efforts to counter domestic extremism must adapt as well, or else the spread of disinformation online poses real world risks heading into the midterm elections this November and the 2024 presidential election.

    • Environment

      • Man in lucky escape in Haapsalu sea ice plunge, vehicle lost

        However, conditions in western Estonia so far this winter have not proved suitable to open the ice road yet, with the individual demonstrating exactly why that is the case as the car plunged through the weak ice, around 100 meters from the shore, witnesses said, at around 7.20 p.m. Friday.

      • Greenland’s Ice Sheet Has Lost Mass for the 25th Year in a Row
      • Opinion | Take It From Climate Scientists: “Don’t Look Up” Is Damning—But Not Nearly Damning Enough

        **Spoiler alert.** “Don’t Look Up” is a flawed movie about everything my climate colleagues and I hate about the world, and then the world ENDS.

      • Energy

        • Kazakhstan unrest takes down a fifth of global bitcoin mining network

          Nationwide [Internet] outages in Kazakhstan amid civil unrest have knocked almost a fifth of the world’s bitcoin miners offline. Vast numbers of mining groups that had relocated to the central Asian country after a state crackdown in China last year now find themselves once again out of action.

          Bitcoin relies on a network of computers known as miners that solve mathematical problems to secure the currency, consuming vast amounts of electricity in the process. But without a working [Internet] connection, the process is impossible.

          China was once the global powerhouse of bitcoin mining with a market share of 75.5 per cent, but government restrictions in May last year caused the entire industry to relocate and seek friendlier states with cheap energy. Kazakhstan was an attractive location for these groups because of abundant cheap energy, but because fossil fuels, including coal, make up more than 90 per cent of the nation’s electricity supply, it did little to help bitcoin’s already large effect on the climate.

        • Why clean energy advocates are divided over California’s plan to slash solar incentives

          California has more homes with rooftop PV panels than any other state. That’s thanks in part to a history of generous incentives for people with home solar systems. If someone doesn’t use up all the solar energy their panels collect, they can sell it back to the grid. Under the state’s “net metering” program, they can sell it at the same retail rate at which they would buy electricity. The program is supposed to help people recoup the costs of installing their solar system. But if the CPUC ultimately votes to approve its new proposal, the selling price would drop dramatically to better reflect the commission’s estimates of what that energy is actually worth.

      • Wildlife/Nature

        • Two Lawyers Arguing Remotely Against Vaccine Mandates at Supreme Court Had COVID
        • Federal Action Demanded After Endangered Wolf Anubis Illegally Killed in Arizona

          Outraged wildlife advocates demanded action from the U.S. government on Friday after learning that an endangered Mexican gray wolf—famous for wandering across the Southwest and named Anubis by schoolchildren—was illegally shot and killed in the Kaibab National Forest near Flagstaff, Arizona.

          “The killing of Anubis… is another tragic reminder that the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service needs to expand the recovery area.”

        • Wildlife can now be detected by sniffing DNA in the air

          Two of these groups, one led by Christina Lynggaard of the University of Copenhagen and the other by Elizabeth Clare of York University, in Toronto, have used zoos to test ways of extracting DNA from the atmosphere. Zoos are ideal for this because they house known animals. Both groups have just published preliminary results in Current Biology. Others, meanwhile, are already looking in the wild.

          Dr Clare’s team adapted an existing sample-collection method by pumping air through filters normally employed to extract DNA from water. Dr Lynggaard’s team tried three approaches. The first percolated the air to be analysed through some water, to try to dissolve any DNA it was carrying and so permit that DNA to be analysed by conventional metagenomic methods. The second and third used fans—in one case large, of the sort employed to cool big computers in data centres, and in the other small, used to cool desktop devices. In both instances these fans blew air through filters of the type that air-conditioning systems use to remove particles of pollution.

    • Finance

      • ‘Operating in Bad Faith’: Manchin Reportedly No Longer Supports His Own BBB Counteroffer

        U.S. Sen. Joe Manchin came under fire Saturday after The Washington Post reported that the West Virginia Democrat “does not currently support” passing even his own recent $1.8 trillion counteroffer to President Joe Biden’s Build Back Better agenda.

        “Sen. Manchin is operating in bad faith,” tweeted Nida Allam, a progressive congressional candidate in North Carolina. “We need to be electing Democrats who are accountable to the American people and working families—not Dems who are reneging on deals which would support millions.”

    • Misinformation/Disinformation

      • TikTok’s Highest-Earning Stars: Charli and Dixie D’Amelio Raked in $27.5 Million in 2021

        To compile the list, Forbes looked at influencers who rose to fame on TikTok (excluding celebrities active on the app like Will Smith and Jason DeRulo). The most recently ranking estimated what TikTokers earned from Jan. 1-Dec. 31, 2021, from sponsored content and other income sources.

      • Firm Behind Trump-Backed Arizona Election ‘Audit’ Shuts Down After Judge Orders $50,000 Daily Fine

        The news comes after Arizona election officials earlier this week released a point-by-point rebuttal of nearly 80 claims in the Cyber Ninjas’ review that were misleading or false, and as Maricopa Superior Court Judge John Hannah found the company in contempt of court for failing to comply with an order to turn over audit records to the Arizona Republic as part of a public records request. Judge Hannah imposed a $50,000 daily fine on Cyber Ninjas until the company can produce the requested records.

        Hannah noted that the fine could potentially apply not only to the company as a whole, but to individuals, among them former CEO Doug Logan, an election fraud conspiracy theorist who wrote a paper on behalf of GOP senators objecting to Congress certifying Joe Biden’s election win. That amount was fifty times greater than the $1,000 fine requested by a lawyer for the Arizona Republic.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • What a previous iconoclastic period reveals about the present one

        In the 19th century serious attempts were made to recover Britain’s artistic heritage. In 1841 John Neale, an influential antiquarian, advised churchwardens to conserve any old murals they might discover: “They are so curious that they ought to be looked to with great care.” Other images were imported. The French Revolution had set off a wave of iconoclasm and thrown much medieval art onto the international market. Some of the oldest and finest stained glass in Britain is in the east window of St James’s church in Twycross, Leicestershire. Installed in the 1840s, it comes from French churches including Le Mans cathedral and Ste-Chapelle in Paris.

      • MLB Commissioner Meets The Streisand Effect After Ousting Ken Rosenthal From The MLB Network

        We’ve talked a great deal about Major League Baseball here at Techdirt. Notably, for a long time those discussions have positive in nature, whether it was MLB’s interesting pivots once COVID-19 went global or the expansion of its excellent streaming services. Now, while the league has also had issues playing IP enforcer in the past, or the more recent self-own the league conducted in response to its players lockout, the fact is that commissioner Rob Manfred has generally been a fresh voice of modernity and technological progress for the league.

    • Freedom of Information/Freedom of the Press

      • Three wise kings and an offer to Assange: the week at the morning press conferences

        The president also gave an offer of asylum to Wikileaks founder Julian Assange, who is set to be extradited from the U.K. to the United States. “We are willing to offer Assange asylum in Mexico, that is our posture. We believe that the U.S. government must act with humanity. Assange is sick … before the end of President Donald Trump’s administration I sent him a letter asking him to exonerate [Assange].”

      • Independent media unable to cover protests in Kazakhstan

        What with arbitrary arrests, police violence, blocked telecommunications and Internet cuts – after four days of massive protests triggered by a fuel price hike and after the declaration of a state of emergency yesterday evening, journalists and media outlets trying to cover the protests continue to be the victims of the regime’s persecution.

        Authorities trying to control news coverage have stepped up attacks on independent journalists in the past two days.

      • Media Worker Killed Covering Violence in Kazakhstan

        Muratkhan Bazarbayev, who worked for Almaty TV as a driver, died when the station’s vehicle was shot at during clashes in the city of Almaty on Wednesday. A camera operator for the station was hospitalized in the same attack, according to the news outlet and media rights groups.

        The news crew was covering protests that began late last week in response to a fuel price hike and evolved into mass unrest and violence in the capital and other cities.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • Opinion | What’s Next for Corporate Democrat Plotters? Voting Rights

        Remember when the Biden presidency was brand new and Democrats in the House and Senate proposed a sweeping, $6 trillion package to rebuild our social safety net, cut drug prices, upgrade our infrastructure, rescue our students and elderly, and save the environment? 

      • I Worked for a Refugee Support Organization in Calais. Here’s What I Saw.
      • ‘Our Fight Is Not Over’: Egyptian-Palestinian Rights Activist Ramy Shaath Freed After 900+ Days

        The family of Egyptian-Palestinian rights activist Ramy Shaath said Saturday that they “are relieved and overjoyed” to announce he is free after more than 900 days of “unjust detention under inhumane conditions” in Egypt.

        “Two-and-a-half years later, I still have all my resolve and my determination to continue.”

      • Black Sexual Violence Survivors Are Telling Their Stories — Only to Be Punished
      • Amazon workers will now get only a week of COVID PTO

        Amazon has changed its PTO policy for workers forced to quarantine, as reported by CNBC and the Wall Street Journal. The policy has shrunk to one week (or 40 hours) off, down from its initial length of 14 days, which is still mentioned on an Amazon hiring page (via Engadget) but had already been shortened to ten days. Engadget’s report includes an excerpt of Amazon’s notice to employees about the change, citing the CDC’s updated recommendations that people who have tested positive for COVID should isolate for five days, as long as their symptoms are gone.

        Amazon isn’t alone in changing its policies along with the federal government. As Engadget points out, Walmart has also cut down the number of PTO hours employees who contract COVID get. There have also been reports of sick workers across the country losing protections after the American Rescue Plan expired on September 30th, leaving state and local governments (and individual employers) to decide the rules for themselves.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • My first impressions of web3

        If we do want to change our relationship to technology, I think we’d have to do it intentionally. My basic thoughts are roughly:

        1. We should accept the premise that people will not run their own servers by designing systems that can distribute trust without having to distribute infrastructure. This means architecture that anticipates and accepts the inevitable outcome of relatively centralized client/server relationships, but uses cryptography (rather than infrastructure) to distribute trust. One of the surprising things to me about web3, despite being built on “crypto,” is how little cryptography seems to be involved!

        2. We should try to reduce the burden of building software. At this point, software projects require an enormous amount of human effort. Even relatively simple apps require a group of people to sit in front of a computer for eight hours a day, every day, forever. This wasn’t always the case, and there was a time when 50 people working on a software project wasn’t considered a “small team.” As long as software requires such concerted energy and so much highly specialized human focus, I think it will have the tendency to serve the interests of the people sitting in that room every day rather than what we may consider our broader goals. I think changing our relationship to technology will probably require making software easier to create, but in my lifetime I’ve seen the opposite come to pass. Unfortunately, I think distributed systems have a tendency to exacerbate this trend by making things more complicated and more difficult, not less complicated and less difficult.

    • Digital Restrictions (DRM)

      • Nasdaq Ends First Week of 2022 Down More Than 4% as Roku, Netflix Take Hits

        Among the notable companies that took a hit Friday were Netflix (down 2.21% from where it opened), Roku (-6.92%), Google parent company Alphabet Inc .(-0.53%), Amazon (-0.43%) and Comcast (-0.91%).

        On the flip side, Apple closed up 0.099%, AT&T up 0.67%, Discovery up 16.87%, Disney up 0.61%, ViacomCBS up 7.88% and Fox Corp. up 1.54%.

      • Roku exec Scott Rosenberg, who helped launch the Roku Channel, is stepping down

        Rosenberg is currently SVP and general manager of platform business at Roku, a title he’s held since 2017, according to a press release. In addition to his role in the development of the Roku Channel, which is now home to Roku’s original programming, Rosenberg created and scaled the streamer’s advertising business, Roku spokesperson Sarah Novatt confirmed to The Verge.

        According to the company, Rosenberg was a key player in Roku’s 2017 IPO. Other notable oversight roles listed on Rosenberg’s LinkedIn include partnerships, revenue, product, analytics, payments, and operations.

    • Monopolies

      • What’s ahead for the global IP market in 2022 [Ed: The latest IAM SPAM with propaganda terms in the headlines]

        The IAM team revisits its forecasts for 2021 and offers a fresh outlook on the narratives we see shaping up in the twelve months ahead

      • IPKat Book of the Year Awards 2021 [Ed: Open to gaming; Ads disguised as “awards” in a site that isn’t even important anymore]
      • Patents

        • European Union: UPC Could Open Its Doors In 2022 [Ed: And yet more shameless fake news from Team UPC]

          With news that the Austrian parliament has ratified the Protocol on the provisional application of the Agreement on a Unified Patent Court on 2 December 2020, the Unified Patent Court (UPC) opening in 2022 is becoming more likely. This will be a significant change to the patent litigation landscape in Europe and will harmonise patent litigation across up to 24 EU Member States (MS). It will also mean that patentees can choose to validate a Unitary Patent (UP) that will cover all EU MS who have ratified the UPC Agreement (R-MS).

          When Austria deposits its ratification of the Protocol this will trigger the provisional phase of the UPC. During the provisional phase, secondary legislation will be finalised, budgets set and Judges appointed before the UPC opens its doors. It is estimated that the provisional phase will take 8-10 months, following which Germany will deposit its ratification of the UPC Agreement (UPCA) triggering the launch of the UPC four months later. Based on current ratifications of the UPCA, on launch the UPC and UP will cover 17 EU MS, including Germany, France, Italy and The Netherlands.

        • Haar today, gone tomorrow: EPO’s brief BoA move raises queries [Ed: Over 5 years of massive injustice at the EPO, where tribunals ruled under illegal conditions, and even some lawyers are expressing angst]

          Lawyers welcomed plans to move the Boards of Appeal back to the centre of Munich, but expressed concerns over the level of accountability at the EPO

        • Oramed Pharmaceuticals Gets European Patent for Protein-Delivery Platform [Ed: Oramed seems to be unaware of the legitimacy crisis of European Patents; many many be presumed invalid]

          Oramed Pharmaceuticals Inc. said the European Patent Office has granted it a patent supporting its platform technology in oral delivery of proteins.

          The pharmaceutical company said the platform technology underlies its lead drug candidate ORMD-0801, now in pivotal Phase 3 studies and positioned to potentially be the first oral insulin capsule on the market.

        • From GIs to AI: Four European IP trends to watch in 2022 [Ed: More buzzwords and propaganda terms like “Hey Hi” and “IP” from Max Walters, who speaks the language of malicious lobbyists rather than journalists]

          An expansion of GI laws, potential movement in the AI inventor debate, social media concerns and filing farms clampdowns are all in line for 2022. Here are four key themes.

        • Video: JUVE Patent’s UK ranking 2022 [Ed: This is not ranking; it’s advertising or spam, which they get paid for]

          With the UK’s patent court lists busier than ever, the past twelve months have been an exciting time for the patent market and those who work within it. Now, in the video to accompany JUVE Patent’s UK ranking 2022, Amy Sandys and Konstanze Richter present the latest development in the UK patent market.

          [...]

          The UK judiciary is also solving its staffing issues, with the appointment of former barristers James Mellor and Richard Meade to the High Court judicial bench. Other 8 New Square barristers Michael Tappin and Charlotte May have also become deputy judges.

        • FOSS Patents: Still no Apple-Ericsson announcement: neither renewal of license nor renewed infringement litigation–key deadline may be mid-January

          There still hasn’t been any announcement by Ericsson of a renewal of its patent cross-license agreement with Apple, nor have I found any filings in the Eastern District of Texas or with the ITC that indicate renewed infringement litigation. Whether they are still negotiating or negotiations have broken down, Ericsson appears to be precluded from asserting patents against Apple at this stage.

          There are accusations of FRAND violations flying both ways in the Eastern District of Texas, with the first “harbinger” of a new patent spat having been Ericsson’s complaint in early October, shortly after which an even earlier motion for an anti-antisuit injunction in the Netherlands became known (the denial of that motion was affirmed in a December 16 decision following a November 18 hearing). But Ericsson can’t assert patents as long as a license agreement, or a covenant not to sue, is in force and effect.

          Many license agreements terminate at the end of a calendar year. Last year, Ericsson’s patent assertions against Samsung started on New Year’s Day (and resulted in a settlement less than five months later). However, Ericsson sued Apple in mid-January 2015 subsequently to the expiration of a license agreement. It could be that mid-January is again the key deadline, either because the license agreement won’t expire before, or because of a covenant not to sue precluding immediate infringement litigation upon expiration of the license for another two weeks or so.

        • UK: Northern Lights Burn Ever More Brightly [Ed: Patent extremists and profiteers (like litigation firms) ruin the UK -- not just London -- for the rest of us]

          The trip itself was great. As a lawyer and a patent attorney turning up for the first time at a networking event designed to put start-ups in touch with investors, we wondered whether attendees would be reluctant to talk to two professional advisors ostensibly there to take money off them but we couldn’t have been more wrong. Everyone we talked to was happy to expand on their plans and enthusiastically receptive to any suggestions we might have had to accelerate them.

        • Sareum Share Price Surged 10.2% on European Patent Office Notice… [Ed: Sareum shareholders likely unaware that EPO grants tons of fake patents, based on insiders]
        • UKIPO launches call for views on Standard Essential Patents (SEPs) [Ed: UKIPO looking to appease patent trolls and parasites]

          The UK intellectual property office has launched a call for views on standard essential patents (SEPs). The call for views will last for 12 weeks, closing on 01 March at 11.45pm. Responses to the call for views will inform how the UK SEPs framework supports innovation, promotes competition and whether change is needed.

        • UK: Patents To Come Of Age For Nuclear Fission? [Ed: Patent extremists (a corrupt firm in this case, Marks & Clerk; convicted last year, too) excited about dangerous nuclear stuff because of patents]

          Interesting to see that plans are advancing to build small nuclear reactor power plants in the UK. As noted in this BBC News article, these are intended to be in addition to large-scale nuclear power plants and not as an alternative to those large-scale power plants.

          Companies that are active in nuclear fission-based power tend to file relatively few patent applications. Problems that arise when designing a nuclear fission power plant, and the inventions devised to solve those problems, may be specific to a particular power plant. As a result, it may not be commercially worthwhile filing patent applications for those inventions.

        • Rothschild entity Display Technologies patent challenged

          On January 6, 2022, Unified filed a petition for inter partes review (IPR) against U.S. Patent 9,300,723. The ‘723 patent is owned by Display Technologies, LLC, an entity affiliated with prolific inventor and frequent plaintiff Leigh M. Rothschild. The ‘723 patent is generally directed to media systems for transferring a media file from a local device (e.g., a wireless mobile device) to another device for display. It has been asserted in over 60 litigations where some accused devices rely on Bluetooth communications for the transfer of files.

        • EPO decision another setback in Dabus quest for inventorship [Ed: Loaded and misleading headline from JUVE, as usual (as of recent years)]

          The EPO’s most recent decision is the result of an appeal, by Dabus creator Stephen Thaler, against the dismissal of two patent applications (case IDs: J 8/20 and J 9/20) which designate Dabus as the inventor. The Legal Board of Appeal 3.1.01 heard the appeal on December 21 2021, dismissing it on the same day.

          Back in January 2020, the Receiving Section of the EPO refused two patent applications on the grounds that the application listed Dabus, and not a human, as the inventor. The decision is based on Article 81 and Rule 19(1) of the European Patent Convention. In its decision, the EPO considered that an interpretation of the European patent system framework means only a natural person can receive a patent for an invention.

          In addition, the EPO was of the opinion that a machine could not transfer any rights to the applicant.

          [...]

          The two patents, EP 18 275 163 and EP 182 751 74, concern a fractal beverage container and fractal light signals respectively. The fractal light signal embodies a device to attract attention during search and rescue operations. Stephen Thaler, a doctor of physics, created the AI. Its name Dabus stands for ‘Device for the autonomous bootstrapping of unified sentience’.

        • Protecting a drug combining two known active ingredients by patent : Is it possible ? [Ed: Team UPC and patent extremists against access to medicines (in other words, let’s let some people die to keep profits up)
        • 2021 Patent Dispute Report: Year in Review — Unified Patents

          The changing of the guard at the USPTO brings new changes in the patent dispute landscape. With the uncertainty of Fintiv, United States v. Arthrex, Inc., and pandemic recovery, operating companies have been less contentious than in years past. Despite this ambivalence, a new venue has emerged and more companies are turning to Reexaminations to find certainty in uncertain times. NPEs have continued to increase their assertion, with the TXWD becoming their choice of venue. If 2021 is any indication of what is on the horizon for 2022, it is clear that patent policy may face significant changes and NPEs will continue their assaults.

        • Witte Weller grows with two specialist mechanical engineering partners [Ed: JUVE keeps publishing marketing spam (like a firm hiring some ‘low-level’ person) disguised as “news”]

          Lukas Klement (47) from Cartagena and Dieter Späth (59) from Abacus joined Witte Weller & Partner on 1 January 2022 as partners. At the same time, the firm also appointed patent attorney Sophia Zielinski as partner. With the new additions, the team grows to 21 patent attorneys, of whom 18 are partners.

        • 2021 Patent Grants [Ed: The USPTO just grants lots and lots of rubbish patents to raise more money at the public’s expense (externality)]

          Total utility patent grants are down about 7% for calendar year 2021. Still the total ranks as the third highest of all time. The Office has almost eliminated unwanted delay in examination. Right now the delay is about 17 months from filing to first office-action. They really don’t want that to go below 14 months in order to capture 102(a)(2) prior art (former 102(e)).

        • Nicox European Patent Seals ZERVIATE Major Market Coverage to 2030 [Ed: Nicox seems to be totally unaware of the fact that the EPO, according to insiders, grants lots of fake patents]

          FR0013018124, COX), an international ophthalmology company, today announced that patent EP2408453, covering the company’s product ZERVIATE® (cetirizine ophthalmic solution), 0.24%, has been issued by the European Patent Office (EPO). The patent covers the formulation of ZERVIATE which is commercialized in the U.S. by our exclusive U.S. licensee Eyevance Pharmaceuticals, and its use in the treatment of the symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis or allergic rhinoconjunctivitis. The prescription market for allergic conjunctivitis products in Europe, Eastern Europe and Turkey was estimated by IQVIA as around €260 million in 2020. The European Patent grants exclusivity until 2030, meaning that the ZERVIATE formulation is protected by granted patents in the U.S. to 2032, and in Europe, Japan and Canada to 2030.

        • AI inventorship claim dismissed by EPO Board of Appeal [Ed: "Hey Hi" (AI) and other buzzwords misused; even the corrupt EPO isn't easily fooled by this ploy]

          Artificial intelligence (AI) systems cannot be named as an inventor on a patent application, the European Patent Office Board of Appeal (EPO BoA) has ruled.
          According to a statement issued by the tribunal, the designated inventor for a European patent application must be a person with legal capacity.

          The decision concerns ‘DABUS’, an AI system developed by US scientist and technologist Dr. Stephen Thaler. Dr Thaler designated DABUS as the inventor of two patent applications claiming that the subject matter of the applications had been created autonomously by DABUS.

          [...]

          As part of his appeal, Thaler submitted an auxiliary request according to which a natural person was indicated to have “the right to the European patent by virtue of being the owner and creator of” an AI system. However, the EPO BoA said that a statement indicating the origin of the right to the European patent had to conform with the provisions of the EPC and that this was not the case for the DABUS applications.

          Full written reasons behind the EPO BoA’s decision are to be published in due course.

        • Software Patents

      • Copyrights

        • UK Government’s Consultation On Artificial Intelligence And The Interaction With Copyright And Patents [Ed: Peddlers of lies, fake news, and fabrications, Mayer Brown, pushing “Hey Hi” agenda (basically fiction for policy manipulation) in the UK

          The UK Government published its national AI Strategy last month which highlighted its intention to make the UK an AI powerhouse. In its strategy, the Government recognised the importance of instituting a progressive regulatory environment which would encourage the advancement of AI. The UK Government has now launched a consultation on reforms to copyright and patent law to incentivise the development of AI. Whilst the Government aims to provide adequate protections to AI technology to encourage further investment into AI, it is cognisant that those protections have to be limited so that they do not stifle innovation and progress in this field. The UK Government proposes that any measures introduced must (i) encourage AI innovation and promote the use of AI for the public good; (ii) preserve the integral role of intellectual property, which is to promote human creativity and innovation; and (iii) be based on best available economic evidence.

          [...]

          The UK is not alone in acknowledging the profound impact AI will have on businesses worldwide. China has also recently declared its intention to become “a principal world centre of artificial intelligence innovation” by 2030. Other nations that are entering the race to dominate the AI space include Germany, the United States and Japan; countries that are currently leading in AI research. Implementing legal frameworks that encourage AI development and investment will play a fundamental role in achieving dominance in this field, which is precisely why the UK Government has published this consultation. Whilst different nations have taken different approaches to the protection of AI created works or inventions (for instance, see the converging views courts have taken with respect to identifying AI as an inventor of a patent in the DABUS cases), there has been a drive amongst states and international bodies to collaborate on laws and regulations governing AI to maximize advancement for mutual benefit. In fact, international cooperation is an element in the AI strategies of most governments. Whether a consensus can be reached amongst nation states with respect to legal frameworks surrounding AI protection remains to be seen.

        • Pirate IPTV Providers “Exploit PayPal, Mastercard & Visa Branding”

          Pirate IPTV providers generally require payment in exchange for a subscription. In the majority of cases this involves utilizing a third-party payment processor such as PayPal, Mastercard or Visa. According to the Audiovisual Anti-Piracy Alliance, pirates exploit these trusted brands to appear legitimate themselves. But what can be done to break the association?

01.08.22

Links 9/1/2022: EasyOS 3.2 and qBittorrent 4.4.0

Posted in News Roundup at 8:57 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • Linux 5.17 to release improvements & optimizations to Intel, AMD, & even Apple M1, offers AMD P-State capability

        Tomorrow should see the release of Linux 5.16, the newest and most stable kernel, delivering massive improvements to start off 2022 on a strong foothold. Linux users and enthusiasts are showing a lot of excitement for this new update, and are even more excited to see 5.17, the predecessor to tomorrow’s kernel, which is to show some exciting enhancements.

      • Linux 5.17 To Bring AMD P-State, Many AMD & Intel Improvements, New Optimizations – Phoronix

        The Linux 5.16 stable kernel is slated for release tomorrow and it delivers on some grand improvements to kick off 2022. But as for great as the Linux 5.16 features are, we are already looking forward to the enhancements on deck with Linux 5.17.

        After the Linux 5.16 kernel debuts, the Linux 5.17 merge window opens like clockwork. With my constant monitoring of Linux mailing lists and Git repositories, here is a look at some of the features on trajectory for landing over the next two weeks for Linux 5.17. The Linux 5.17 kernel in turn will debut as stable around the end of March. Linux 5.17 has a lot of work as usual on new AMD and Intel hardware support, new Arm improvements including the ongoing Apple M1 bring-up, new I/O and network optimizations in particular are exciting on the performance front, and a ton of other exciting hardware driver fun.

      • Fast Kernel Headers v2 Posted – Speeds Up Clang-Built Linux Kernel Build By ~88% – Phoronix

        What may end up being one of the greatest Linux kernel features of 2022 is the recently published “Fast Kernel Headers” effort for cleaning up the kernel headers and dramatically speeding up Linux kernel builds both for absolute/clean and incremental builds. Fast Kernel Headers can cut the Linux kernel build time in half or greater and out this weekend are the v2 patches.

        Last week Ingo Molnar sent out the initial Fast Kernel Headers work to cut the Linux kernel build time by 50~80%. The roughly 2,300 patches clean up the kernel’s “dependency hell” and completely rework the header file hierarchy. Ingo was working on this patch series for more than one year and likely the single ever biggest “feature” to the Linux kernel.

    • Applications

      • qBittorrent 4.4.0

        The qBittorrent project aims to provide a Free Software alternative to µtorrent. qBittorrent is an advanced and multi-platform BitTorrent client with a nice user interface as well as a Web UI for remote control and an integrated search engine. qBittorrent aims to meet the needs of most users while using as little CPU and memory as possible. qBittorrent is a truly Open Source project, and as such, anyone can and should contribute to it.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to install MariaDB on NetBSD? | LibreByte

        NetBSD is a UNIX-like operating system with a focus on security, simplicity, elegance and clean source code, it is highly portable and robust.

        MariaDB is a RDBMS created from MySQL 5.1 source code by the original MySQL developers and designed as a direct and improved MySQL replacement. MariaDB is fast, scalable, and robust, with a rich ecosystem of storage engines, plugins, and other tools that make it versatile and flexible in different scenarios.

        MariaDB is available on the official NetBSD repositories then we can install it using the pkgin package manager.

      • How to install Java on Linux Mint | FOSS Linux

        Whether it’s the versatile development potential or its multifaceted portability, Java is one of the most popular programming languages in the world. It has many development-friendly features that make it stand out from its competition. For starters, the ability to run compiled Java code on any supported platform without having to recompile it is one of the defining functions that Java boasts.

        In this article, we will learn how to install Java (OpenJDK) on Linux Mint version 20. OpenJDK is a free and open-source distribution of Java. There is also another Java distribution called Oracle JDK, but that comes commercially packaged and is not required unless you have specific requirements.

        We will be using the Cinnamon edition of Linux Mint 20.2, which is most widely used among the operating system’s three different versions. However, the installation method used here should work on the other two, MATE and Xfce. Let’s get right into the installation now.

      • How to Install SQLite 3 on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS – LinuxCapable

        SQLite is a free, lightweight relational database management system (RDBMS) in a C library. SQLite is not a client-server database engine. Instead, it is embedded into the end program. Primarily all programming languages support SQLite, which how languages embed the program is with a file with .sqlite3/.sqlite/.DB extension. The software is a popular choice for local/client storage such as web browsers, Android devices, and much more. The list is quite extensive.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install SQLite 3 with Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish.

      • How to list all the loaded extensions by PHP – Linux Shout

        In this tutorial, we will see how to install and check the PHP extensions loaded on Linux using a command terminal or GUI web interface.

        PHP is a popular computer language used by thousands of web servers to run various web applications. It is open source distributed under the PHP license. The abbreviation PHP originally stands for Personal Home Page Tools also popularly known as Hypertext Preprocessor. The PHP infrastructure is installed on an estimated 82% of all web servers on the Internet. More than 200 million apps and websites developed with PHP are online. Over 5 million software developers use the programming language.

      • How To Install Rust on Fedora 35 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Rust on Fedora 35. For those of you who didn’t know, Rust is an open-source programming language that focuses on speed, memory safety, and parallelism. Developers use Rust to create a wide range of new software applications, such as game engines, operating systems, file systems, and simulation engines for virtual reality. Although it is sponsored by Mozilla and Samsung, it is a community project. Its focus is primarily on large programs that run on the client and server-side.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Rust Programming Language on a Fedora 35.

      • Useful Wget Command Examples in Linux System

        Wget command is one of the most used and handy tools for downloading files, packages, and directories from the web server in Linux and Unix-like operating systems. Usually, you can download any big or small-sized files through the wget tool; the wget does not limit the file size. Originally the Wget command was abbreviated to the combination of the terms World Wide Web and Get. This handy tool was built under the GNU project.

        It can access both FTP, HTTP, HTTPS, and other local servers for downloading files on Linux. Even with proper configuration, the wget command can access firewall-protected servers. As we will be talking about the wget, so for making diversity we will often use the term ‘World Wide Web and Get’ instead of the wget.

      • How to Fix Sudo Command Not Found in Debian VPS.

        In this article, we will show you how to fix sudo command not found in Debian 10 VPS.

        Sudo is a program for Unix-like computer operating systems that enables users to run programs with the security privileges of another user, by default the superuser.It can stand for “superuser do”, as originally that is all it did however, now it might stand for “substitute user, do”, because sudo can run a command as other users as well.

        After a fresh Debian 10 installation, you could not execute the privileges tasks by running the sudo command. You will get the error ‘sudo command not found in Debian 10′.

      • Stop using Virtualbox, Here’s how to use QEMU instead – Invidious

        In the first 60 seconds of this video I benchmark Virtualbox vs QEMU.

      • How to install Composer on Ubuntu 22.04 | 20.04 LTS – Linux Shout

        Learn the commands to install and use PHP package manager Composer on Ubuntu 22.04 Jammy or Ubuntu 20.04 Focal fossa. Composer can be used to manage your packages, download new packages, and update existing ones.

      • How To Install VLC Media Player on Debian 11 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install VLC Media Player on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, VLC is a free and open-source cross-platform multimedia player and framework that plays most multimedia files. VLC can play almost any multimedia file, as well as DVDs, Audio CDs, VCDs, and various streaming protocols.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the VLC Media Player on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

      • How to Install Nextcloud on Ubuntu: A Step-by-Step Setup Guide

        If you’re looking for a true self-hosted file share and sync platform, then Nextcloud is a good place to start. Here I will show you how to install Nextcloud on Ubuntu in a few easy-to-follow steps.

        Nextcloud is a self-hosted file sharing application server that allows you to store your files, documents, and contacts from a centralized location. It is a true open source platform similar to Dropbox, Google Drive, OneDrive and other proprietary online storage services.

        The problem with the big players is that you don’t know where your data is exactly and whether it is really safe from access by others. When it comes to some classified data that you don’t want to store on some third-party servers then it is good to go for something that you can control completely.

        With Nextcloud you can synchronize everything between your devices and share files with others as well. Furthermore, you can create multiple accounts for friends/family. They will then be able to log into the server and store data, very similar to Dropbox, etc.

        The server-side program of Nextcloud is meant to work on Linux operating systems, therefore any Linux user even the beginner one can easily install it. So without further ado, let’s get down to installation.

      • How to Install Zoom Client on Linux Mint 20 – LinuxCapable

        Zoom is a communications technology platform that provides videotelephony and real-time online chat services through a cloud-based peer-to-peer software platform and is used for teleconferencing, telecommuting, distance education, and much more.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install the Zoom Cloud Meetings client on Linux Mint 20 using three various methods.

      • Interrupt or Suspend a Command Execution in Linux – TREND OCEANS

        An accidentally executed sequence of command and system files is in danger now. Any time they will wipe out, What should I do now?

        The situation is familiar; most Linux beginners face this situation and do something unintentionally which risks their files.

      • How to install TermPair to share and control terminals in real time from Web Browser

        TermPair is a web service that allows anyone to view and control their Terminal sessions in real time from a web browser. Simply put, it lets people collaborate, view, share, all in real time.

        You can quickly and securely share your Terminal to the Web and access as well as control it.

        TermPair is good for those who wants to collaborate in real-time. It also has some security loopholes. If you’re not careful, it could be a catastrophic mistake.

      • How to Check Linux Memory Usage – buildVirtual

        How to check memory usage on linux using commands such as top and free and how to query /proc/meminfo to get detailed memory usage stats

    • Games

      • The Legend of Tianding: Review on Linux – Boiling Steam

        The Legend of Tianding is a Taiwanese game. Asia is comprised of many small countries but very few are actually powerhouses when it comes to video game development. Japan more or less created the video games industry in the first place (Nintendo created the worldwide mass market with the NES and everything derived from there), then Korea created the online PC gaming market before anyone else, and… that’s about it. China has its owned closed market that nobody knows (or cares) about, so it’s kind of irrelevant. Singapore, Malaysia, Taiwan have a few devs here and there but by far and large nothing major. So I had very low expectations to begin with. Well, virtually anyone with half a brain can make a 2D platformer, but doing it well requires talent and experience. In that context, The Legend of Tianding is an excellent surprise.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • Set fire to your applications with Burn My Windows 7 – Neowin

        Those effects were amazing, and not for their time. It was able to minimize your windows using a Mac OS X-like genie effect, dissolve them, rotate your desktop on a cube, and even burn your windows alive! It even inspired StarDock’s WindowFX. Many of the more practical effects like genie minimization, have been available in Kwin (the venerable KDE’s window manager) all along, but they’ve completely disappeared on the contemporary, GTK powered side of the Linux desktop.

        No longer. Open-source developer Simon Scheegans is working on a project called Burn My Windows that restores classic desktop effects like burning windows to Gnome 3x and Gnome 40x, respectively. The project debuted only 3 weeks ago and is hilariously already on version 7. Version 5, which introduced the compelling if not somewhat terrifying T-Rex-Attack effect, was released only two days ago. At this rate, it may be at version 2005 sometime next year.

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • Libadwaita 1.0 released

          Libadwaita is quite controversial, as aside from dark mode and a (promised) colour API, applications that use Libadwaita cannot be themed. It’s all the result of developers being unhappy us pesky users get to decide what our computers look like, so they decided to prevent users from theming their systems at all. GNOME’s own applications will surely transition to it, and it remains to be seen if the wider Gtk developer community will opt for it as well.

    • Distributions

      • The Top 8 Linux Distros That Have Adopted Flatpak

        In a market dominated by premium-grade OSes with dedicated COTS (commercial off-the-shelf) software, Linux users must make do with open-source variants of such premium applications.

        And a distro-agnostic way to distribute such software on Linux is Flatpak. This is why flatpak packages are rapidly becoming the buzz-phrase amongst users with a Linux-based stack.

        But what is Flatpak and which Linux distros have transitioned to Flatpak? Let’s find out.

      • The 8 Smallest Linux Distros That Are Minimal and Lightweight

        Strapped for hard disk space? Install one of these small and lightweight Linux distros to make your PC usable again.

        Do you have an old PC lying around gathering dust? Would you like to make use of the old small-capacity USB flash drive sitting in your draw? You can reuse your old computer and a USB flash drive by installing a super small Linux distribution on them.

        Here are eight of the smallest Linux distros that need almost no space!

      • New Releases

        • Clonezilla Live Disk Cloning and Partitioning Tool Is Now Powered by Linux 5.15 LTS

          Clonezilla Live 2.8.1 is here one and a half months after Clonezilla Live 2.8 and it’s the first release of the live Linux system to be powered by the latest and greatest Linux 5.15 LTS kernel series. The previous release was powered by Linux kernel 5.14, which reached end of life in November 2021.

          Linux kernel 5.15.5 LTS is included by default in the Clonezilla Live 2.8.1 release, which also improves support for detecting hd1, hd2, etc. disks, adds a new functionality to no longer split the image file of a partition when saving an image by the ocs-sr script.

        • EasyOS version 3.2 released

          EasyOS 3.1 was released on October 25, 2021, see announcement at Distrowatch. Since then, we have been steadily working toward 3.2 …and, oh man, so many changes, where to start… Alright, an announcement blurb, doesn’t cover everything, just some highlights:

          Since version 3.1, EasyOS has undergone major structural changes and many new applications added. Some of the structural changes include a move from ALSA-only to Pulseaudio, applications running as their own user, improved hardware-profiling for audio, fixes for samba, audio and video, more video drivers, new /files top-level folder. Software changes include a recompile of all packages in OpenEmbedded (OE) and the addition of major multimedia applications such as LiVES video editor, VLC video player, OBS Studio video recorder/streamer and Scribus desktop publisher — all cross-compiled in OE. Qt5 packages are now compiled in OE. More development packages in the ‘devx’ SFS, including Mercurial source-control and Nemiver debugger. Numerous bug-fixes and improvements.

        • What’s Next for Shift ?

          What’s next for Makulu Shift ? Well, They say a Picture Speaks a Thousand Words, So …

      • BSD

        • Pfsense Box mini PC with 6 Gigabit Ethernet from $417

          A new mini PC equipped with 6 Gigabit Ethernet ports has been recently launched powered by an Intel Core i5-1135G7 processor and offering support for open source router, VPN, and firewall software. Enabling you to add a firewall or upgrade your existing network with a number of extra options depending on your preference.

          Available in a variety of different configurations the barebones model is priced at $417 and is now available to purchase from online retailers such as Amazon or AliExpress. Powered by an Intel Celeron 6305 processor or Core i5-1135G7 the mini PC is available with also available with 32GB of RAM and 512GB of solid state storage if you would prefer a system that works straight out-of-the-box. The mini PC router also features a configuration with an optional 4G LTE and SIM card slot. The Fanless Tech website explains a little more :

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • GCC 12 + Glibc 2.35 Planned For Fedora 36 – Phoronix

          It should hardly come as a surprise given Fedora’s history of always shipping with the very latest GNU Compiler Collection (GCC), but with this spring’s Fedora 36 the plan is to ship with the yet-to-be-released GCC 12 and other very latest open-source compiler toolchain components.

          Fedora 36 continues its feature development for this next Fedora Linux release that should be out by the end of April. One of the latest change proposals is for shipping Fedora 36 with GCC 12, which itself will be released in March or April as usual. This isn’t surprising with Fedora always shipping the bleeding-edge compiler even if it means initially shipping with a near-final pre-release package.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • Linux Mint 20.3 is Out! Full Dark Mode, Theme & XApps Updates | UbuntuHandbook

          The third point release of Linux Mint 20 is out! Unlike Ubuntu, it has different code names for each point releases. And, Linux Mint 20.3 codenamed ‘Una’.

          The release still has Kernel 5.4 though user may install updated Ubuntu patched Kernels using ‘Update Manager’. And, it features Cinnamon 5.2, MATE 1.26, and XFCE 4.16 for each desktop editions.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Open source contributors have edge in jobs [Ed: This article is fake news. It says: “Black Duck is an open source software company.” It’s not. It’s a Microsoft proxy and proprietary software thug, FUD source etc.]

        CarbonData stores and archives all sorts of complex data and enables these to be accessed quickly. It has features like multiple indexes to quickly access the data, intelligent scanning, and most importantly, it enables easy scaling. “The biggest problem with most data warehouses is that the storage and compute functions are clustered together. We separated these two to work and scale independently of each other. In case of a system failure, there should be no loss of data.”
        It took seven months to build the project before it began the incubation phase at Apache where it was assigned a mentor. It took another year to mature the project. It was finally declared as one of the top-level projects, and became a mainstream Apache project.
        “When I was a student, we didn’t have access to software technologies because companies kept them private. But it’s very different now, with open source code available for free,” Raghunandan says. He urges students and enthusiasts to contribute to open source projects. A good way to begin, he says, is by adding documentation to existing projects. Enthusiasts can find something they are interested in and improve it, build it, or maintain it. Beginning with something you’re familiar with helps you get started with the process.

      • WWW/Content Management Systems (CMS)

        • 4 Best Free and Open Source Clojure Static Site Generators

          LinuxLinks, like most modern websites, is dynamic in that content is stored in a database and converted into presentation-ready HTML when readers access the site.

          While we employ built-in server caching which creates static versions of the site, we don’t generate a full, static HTML website based on raw data and a set of templates. However, sometimes a full, static HTML website is desirable. Because HTML pages are all prebuilt, they load extremely quickly in web browsers.

          There are lots of other advantages of running a full, static HTML website.

        • Best Free and Open Source Alternatives to Oracle Web Cache

          Oracle is a computer technology corporation best known for its software products and services like Java.

          In 2020, Oracle was the second-largest software company in the world by revenue and market capitalization. They employ over 130,000 people, and sell cloud-engineering services and systems and database management systems.

          Oracle has a fairly prominent position with open source. They are a supporting member of the Linux Foundation, Cloud Native Computing Foundation, Eclipse Foundation, and the Java Community Process.

      • Programming/Development

        • Ruby 3.1 lands with new debugger in tow

          As has become the custom, the team behind Ruby has used the end-of-year holiday break to push out a feature update for the programming language. Version 3.1 is now available and mostly bestows performance and debugging improvements upon developers.

          Amongst the highlights of version 3.1 is a new debugger that replaces lib/debug.rb. According to Ruby committer Yui Naruse, lib/debug.rb wasn’t well maintained and showed some performance and feature issues.

        • A simple automated build pipeline for Node.js | InfoWorld

          Build processes can be quite sophisticated for enterprise applications, but even simple and early-stage projects can benefit from automated build pipelines. This article describes a quick-to-deploy system for running an automated build, test, and deploy pipeline with Node.js, Jenkins, and Git.

          You’ll need Git and Node/NPM installed on your system to follow along. You’ll also need a Google Cloud Platform (GCP) account. (Google offers a generous free trial account.)

        • Nibble Stew: Portability is not sufficient for portability

          Before looking into portable software, let’s first examine portability from a hardware perspective. When you ask most people what they consider a “portable computer”, they’ll probably think of laptops or possibly even a modern smartphone.

          [...]

          Some years ago I ported a sizable fraction of LibreOffice to build with Meson. It worked only on Linux as it used system dependencies. I rebased it to current trunk and tried to see if it could be built using nothing but Visual Studio by getting dependencies via the WrapDB. This repo contains the code, which now actually does build some code including dependencies like libxml, zlib and icu.

          The code that is there is portable in the laptop sense. You only need to do a git checkout and start the build in a VS x64 dev tools prompt. It does cheat in some points, such as using pregenerated flex + bison sources, but it’s not meant to be production quality, just an experiment.

        • Perl/Raku

        • Shell/Bash/Zsh/Ksh

        • Rust

          • Dyn async traits, part 7: a design emerges?

            Hi all! Welcome to 2022! Towards the end of last year, Tyler Mandry and I were doing a lot of iteration around supporting “dyn async trait” – i.e., making traits that use async fn dyn safe – and we’re starting to feel pretty good about our design. This is the start of several blog posts talking about where we’re at. In this first post, I’m going to reiterate our goals and give a high-level outline of the design. The next few posts will dive more into the details and the next steps.

        • Java

          • Java & JVM Panel

            Simone Bordet, Cay Horstmann discuss Java’s new release cadence which brings exciting new features at a more consistent pace, what have been the strongest points of Java, what are we missing?

  • Leftovers

    • How to type foreign languages without looking stuff up • The Register

      Smug Linux types have it built in, on pretty much every Linux desktop. All you have to do is enable it, for instance with GNOME Tweaks, KDE System Settings or Xfce’s Settings editor.

    • Science

      • Can a goldfish drive a car on land?

        Are animals’ innate navigational abilities universal or are they restricted to their home environments? Researchers designed a set of wheels under a goldfish tank with a camera system to record and translate the fish’s movements into forward and back and side to side directions to the wheels. By doing so, they discovered that a goldfish’s navigational ability supersedes its watery environs.

      • Mechanism that helps immune cells to invade tissues

        To fight infections and heal injuries, immune cells need to enter tissue. They also need to invade tumors to fight them from within. Scientists have now discovered how immune cells protect their sensitive insides as they squeeze between tissue cells. The team lays the foundation for identifying new targets in cancer treatment.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • Officials react to Omicron’s spread

        Nationally, hospital admissions due to COVID-19 are rising for children, the CDC reported.

      • UT is Working to End the Stigma Surrounding Mental Health and Offer Support | The Alcalde

        When the last slice of pizza had disappeared, the 30 students at the NAMI on Campus meeting quieted and turned their attention to their vice president, psychology junior Alexis McDonald. The agenda for this meeting in October 2018 included a talk about depressive disorders, followed by a National Alliance on Mental Illness tradition: McDonald would share her own story.

        “In high school, I experienced a lot of depression and anxiety, but I had never seen a therapist or had a diagnosis,” she began. “I thought things would improve in college, but my freshman year was the most lonely, isolating experience of my life. I was so anxious I couldn’t go into social spaces and introduce myself. When I walked around, I felt no connection to anyone.”

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Security

          • An Inside Look at a K-12 Ransomware Incident (Part 2) [Ed: Responsible teachers and pupils don’t use Microsoft Windows in schools]

            In 2020, there were 408 publicly-disclosed cyber incidents impacting K-12 school districts. Of those 408 incidents, roughly 50 consisted of ransomware. These incidents often resulted in school closures and prevented districts from accessing sensitive data and critical systems because they were encrypted by cybercriminals.

            During an attack, school district IT teams scramble to find all the ransomware symptoms to see which systems have been impacted and assess the severity. Another threat emerging is the exfiltration of data by attackers to try and force school districts to pay the ransom. This makes data loss prevention for districts more critical to have in place as part of their cloud application security checklist.

          • WebSpec, a formal framework for browser security analysis, reveals new cookie attack

            Folks at Technische Universität Wien in Austria have devised a formal security framework called WebSpec to analyze browser security.

            And they’ve used it to identify multiple logical flaws affecting web browsers, revealing a new cookie-based attack and an unresolved Content Security Policy contradiction.

            These logical flaws are not necessarily security vulnerabilities, but they can be. They’re inconsistencies between Web platform specifications and the way these specs actually get implemented within web browsers.

            WebSpec was developed by Lorenzo Veronese, Benjamin Farinier, Mauro Tempesta, Marco Squarcina, Matteo Maffei in an effort to bring rigor to web security through automated, verifiable rule checking rather than manual evaluation.

          • Wireshark 3.6.1

            Wireshark is a network packet analyzer. A network packet analyzer will try to capture network packets and tries to display that packet data as detailed as possible. You could think of a network packet analyzer as a measuring device used to examine what’s going on inside a network cable, just like a voltmeter is used by an electrician to examine what’s going on inside an electric cable (but at a higher level, of course). In the past, such tools were either very expensive, proprietary, or both. However, with the advent of Wireshark, all that has changed. Wireshark is perhaps one of the best open source packet analyzers available today.

          • Broward Breach Highlights Healthcare Supply-Chain Problems

            The attackers breached the Broward Health network by compromising a third-party provider on Oct. 15, according to the organization’s disclosure, accessing: patient names; dates of birth; addresses; phone numbers; financial or bank information; Social-Security numbers; insurance information and account numbers; medical information including history, treatment and diagnosis; driver’s license numbers; and email addresses.

          • Latest web hacking tools – Q1 2022 | The Daily Swig

            After our recent end-of-year retrospectives, it’s time to look back again – this time at some of the most compelling open source hacking tools released during the final quarter of 2021.

            The arsenals of pen testers, researchers, and bug hunters have been bolstered for 2022 by new tools for detecting dependency confusion attacks, finding novel HTTP request smuggling techniques, and uncovering leaked, paired private and public keys that are potentially dangerous.

          • Key Considerations for Canada’s Forthcoming National Cyber Security Strategy

            On December 16, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau released mandate letters tasking his ministers of national defense, foreign affairs, public safety, and industry to develop a new “National Cyber Security Strategy.” He specifically highlighted the need for the strategy to “articulate Canada’s long-term strategy to protect our national security and economy, deter cyber threat actors, and promote norms-based international behavior in cyberspace,” as quoted by Global News.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • Book Review | Raising a toast to 15 British men who parted veil of India’s history

        The first British who came to rule India were men of the Enlightenment with an intense curiosity

        It has become fashionable in India to condemn British who came to India during the Raj as nothing but freebooters, racists and british administrators. The portrayal is entirely negative: British rule is generally considered to be an unmitigated disaster that led to impoverishment, subjugation and dishonour. This, however, is not the complete picture.

        Authors and amateur historians, Rupa and Gautam Gupta, have unveiled an entirely different aspect of British rule in India, one that is far from negative. Their focus is on British men long dead who helped revive the forgotten glory of the Indian civilisation.

      • Gold Mine Collapse Leaves 38 People Dead in Sudan
      • Why Libyans want the UK ambassador expelled

        On 24 December, the United Kingdom embassy in Tripoli, Libya, issued a statement on its Twitter and Facebook accounts that, at first, looked like a routine statement on developments in the country—something major countries’ embassies, including the United States, used to do. Not this time. A few moments later, Libyans in their thousands, were flocking to social media platforms to call for the ambassador to be expelled.

        The statement reiterated the UK’s support for elections but what enraged people is a sentence that says that the UK will continue to recognise the current Government of National Unity (GNU) as “the authority tasked with leading Libya to elections and does not endorse the establishment of parallel” authority. The current caretaker GNU government and its Prime Minister, Abdul Hamid Dbeibah, have been accused of corruption, waste of resources and, above all, Mr. Dbeibah is accused of using public finances for his own presidential bid. There has been a debate among politicians if GNU should stay or not.

      • As China Fishes in Lankan Waters, India Must Assess Cost and Benefit of Bailing out Neighbour

        Much has been written about the economic crisis staring at Sri Lanka and most of it ends up blaming the incumbent government of President Gotabaya Rajapaksa and excludes the role of the previous regimes since the country’s Independence in 1948. Question is should India bail out the strategically located southern neighbour, why and how.

        Sri Lanka’s economy was designed to implode from time to time, and that has happened without fail at every turn. Unlike on previous occasions, this time round, the global COVID-19 pandemic hit the forex-centric economy so hard that it will continue to reel under its effect for years and decades to come, even if it overcomes the current crisis.

    • Environment

    • Finance

      • Northern Ireland aims to break free from BT’s 27-year reign with £125m procurement of land registry systems

        Northern Ireland’s Land and Property Services, part of the Department of Finance, is planning an IT procurement worth up to £125m to replace an ageing BT system running since 1999.

        Costs on the BT contract to build and run LandWeb, a land registry system, more than doubled since it was first signed more than two decades ago leading to investigations by government auditors.

        The Land and Property Services is now looking for a “Land Registration Delivery Partner” to help build a “modern digitally-enabled ICT solution that will support the transformation of Land Registration Services,” according to a tender document published before Christmas.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • John Goerzen: Make the Internet Yours Again With an Instant Mesh Network

        Every device on the Internet, at one time, had its own globally-unique IP address. This number was its identifier to the world; with an IP address, you can connect to any machine anywhere. Even now, when you connect to a computer to download a webpage or send a message, under the hood, your computer is talking to the other one by IP address.

        Only, now it’s hard to get one. The Internet protocol we all grew up with, version 4 (IPv4), didn’t have enough addresses for the explosive growth we’ve seen. Internet providers and IT departments had to use a trick called NAT (Network Address Translation) to give you a sort of fake IP address, so they could put hundreds or thousands of devices behind a single public one. That, plus the mobility of devices — changing IPs whenever they change locations — has meant that a fundamental rule of the old Internet is now broken:

        Every participant is an equal peer. (Well, not any more.)

        Nowadays, you can’t you host your own website from your phone. Or share files from your house. (Without, that is, the use of some third-party service that locks you down and acts as an intermediary.)

        [...]

        Or, I can join the global Yggdrasil network. Each device, in addition to accepting peers it finds on the LAN, can also be configured to establish outbound peering connections or accept inbound ones over the Internet. Put a public peer or two in your configuration and you’ve joined the global network. Most people will probably want to do that on every device (because why not?), but you could also do that from just one device on your LAN. Again, there’s no need to explicitly build routes via it; your other machines on the LAN will discover the route’s existence and use it.

        This is one of many projects that are working to democratize and decentralize the Internet. So far, it has been quite successful, growing to over 2000 nodes. It is the direct successor to the earlier cjdns/Hyperboria and BATMAN networks, and aims to be a proof of concept and a viable tool for global expansion.

        Finally, think about how much easier development is when you don’t have to necessarily worry about TLS complexity in every single application. When you don’t have to worry about port forwarding and firewall penetration. It’s what the Internet should be.

    • Digital Restrictions (DRM)

      • The Year Of Owning It | Hackaday

        Talking over the year in review on the Podcast, Tom Nardi and I were brainstorming what we thought was the single overarching trend in 2021, and we came up with many different topics: victories in the right to repair, increasingly dystopian service contracts, a flourishing of cyberdecks, and even greater prevalence of reverse engineering style hacks. And then we realized: they are all different faces of the same beast — people just want to own the devices that they own.

        Like Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, our modern Internet-connected-everythings have two sides. On one side, we get so much additional functionality from having everything on the net. But on the other, if your car is always connected, it gives Toyota a means to make you pay a monthly fee to use a car fob, and if you have to use Cricut’s free online service to upload designs to the cutter, they can suddenly decide to start charging you. It allows Samsung to not only spy on whatever you’re currently watching on your smart TV, but to also brick it if they want to. More and more, we don’t actually own (in the sense of control) the devices that we own (in the sense of having purchased).

      • Keurig ‘Recyclable’ K-Cups Not Quite That Recyclable After All
    • Monopolies

      • Copyrights

        • Ethical aspects relating to cyberspace: Copyright and privacy

          In recent years, there has been a trend in cyberspace ethics towards the emergence of intra-net mechanisms and self-regulatory systems. In particular, in many European countries, information service providers have started to introduce voluntary self-limitation. For instance, in the UK, there is an independent Electronic Frontier Foundation (www.eff.org), whose representatives develop rating systems for Internet resources, by maintaining constant monitoring to collect information that infringes moral and legal standards on websites, and – where necessary – block access to them.

          A solution to the problem of the quality of information provided on the Internet can probably come from traditional media, which in recent years have been increasingly committed to acquiring an electronic version of their print or radio and television editions. Moreover, exclusively online newspapers and magazines have already emerged which, thanks to their serious and cautious approach, have won the online public’s trust. These publications can play an extremely important role through widely applied survey protocols; evaluation of electronic publications; maintenance of the virtual media’s reputation; and supervision of the implementation of the basic rules and principles of professional journalistic ethics on the Internet.

Links 8/1/2022: KDE Frameworks 5.90.0, Kazakhstan’s Tough Times

Posted in News Roundup at 10:21 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Kernel Space

      • Why I (still) use ext4 for my Linux root filesystems

        The practical answer is that I know much more about managing and troubleshooting ext4 (and software RAID mirrors) than I do about either XFS or especially btrfs. It’s easier for me to create and operate ext4 filesystems on top of software RAID mirrors, and I have a high confidence that I know how to recover from problems in one way or another. My most recent XFS experience is on actual SGI hardware and I have no real btrfs experience.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • 7 Ways to Kill Unresponsive Programs in Linux

        Linux software is robust enough to work without causing problems, but sometimes even the best apps might hang. Rather than wait for them to crash, you can kill these unresponsive programs. In fact, there are so many ways to kill Linux programs that you might find you’re spoiled for choice!

      • How to Install Google Chrome on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS – LinuxCapable

        Google Chrome is the most used Internet Explorer software on the earth, with a recent update in 2021 that Chrome is currently the primary browser of more than 2.65 billion internet users. However, as you would know, after installing CentOS 9 Stream, only Mozilla Firefox is packaged with the distribution but luckily, installing Google Chrome is a straightforward task.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install Google Chrome in three alternative ways, with the stable, beta, or unstable versions on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish.

      • How to Install KDE Plasma on Linux Mint 20 – LinuxCapable

        The name KDE comes from “K Desktop Environment.” It is a free, open-source desktop environment for those not familiar with KDE Desktop. It provides Linux users with an alternative graphical interface to customize their desktop environment and applications for everyday use enhancement.

        In Linux Mint’s case, this is GNOME. Besides the graphical enhancements and changes, it is also a lightweight, fast, smooth environment with superior performance compared to native shipped desktops with some Linux Distributions.

        In the following tutorial, you will have learned how to install KDE Desktop Environment on Linux Mint 20.

      • How to list all the loaded extensions by PHP – Linux Shout

        In this tutorial, we will see how to install and check the PHP extensions loaded on Linux using a command terminal or GUI web interface.

        PHP is a popular computer language used by thousands of web servers to run various web applications. It is open source distributed under the PHP license. The abbreviation PHP originally stands for Personal Home Page Tools also popularly known as Hypertext Preprocessor. The PHP infrastructure is installed on an estimated 82% of all web servers on the Internet. More than 200 million apps and websites developed with PHP are online. Over 5 million software developers use the programming language.

        It is a scripting language runs on server side to used to convert PHP coded text files into machine code by the web server when they are called up. It is platfrom independent and can be used on any hardware.

      • How to Install OpenJDK 17 on Linux Mint 20 – LinuxCapable

        Java is a general-purpose, class-based, object-oriented multipurpose programming language that is popular due to the design of having lesser implementation dependencies, meaning that the compiled Java code can be run on all platforms that support Java without the need for recompilation. Java is also fast, secure, and reliable, therefore. It is widely used for developing Java applications in laptops, data centers, game consoles, scientific supercomputers, cell phones, etc.

        The tutorial will install the OpenJDK version instead of the default Oracle JDK. The difference between these two is licensing. OpenJDK is an entirely free open-source Java with a GNU General Public License, and Oracle JDK requires a commercial license under the Oracle Binary Code License Agreement. Other differences are release schedules and other factors that come into play; however, performance is pretty much the same.

      • How to upgrade to Linux Mint 20.3

        It is now possible to upgrade Linux Mint 20, 20.1 and 20.2 to version 20.3.

        If you’ve been waiting for this we’d like to thank you for your patience.

      • File Transfer with SSH, Tee, and Base64

        Even if SCP, SFTP, port forwarding, and remote command execution without a login shell are forbidden, as long as we get a login shell on our terminal and we can print data on the terminal, we are already able to transfer data from the remote system to our local system. The data is in the terminal. It is now only a matter of figuring out how to copy that data to a file.

      • How to install APF on Debian 11

        Hello, friends. In this post, you will learn how to install APF on Debian 11. But first, let’s talk a brief about it.

      • Install Arduino Libraries: methods to add libraries with Arduino IDE – peppe8o

        Installing libraries with Arduino IDE is important to enhance your code to support external devices with the help of pre-built software defining communication protocols

      • [Fixed] username is not in sudoers file

        In this article, we will fix a common error that new Linux users encounter username is not in sudoers file. The problem is related to user permissions and can be simply resolved with a single command.

        If you have recently established a new user on your Linux distribution, you may see the error “username is not in soders file” when using sudo. The error occurs because the logged-in user lacks the ability to execute commands as sudo.

        If you’re in a rush and need to fix the issue without knowing the context of the error, here’s how. Please use any of the following methods to grant user sudo access, depending on the Linux distribution you’re using.

      • [Old] How to set up SDL2 on Linux

        We need to link in the SDL2 libraries, which is why we add the -lSDL2 -lSDL2main. Be aware that those start with a lowercase L, not a 1. The program should compile. It won’t show you anything if you run it, but now you know that you’re all set up to write SDL2 programs on Linux.

      • [Old] Beginning Game Programming v2.0

        In this tutorial we will be setting up the SDL library and creating our first window.

      • [Old] Ryan Gordon gets an Epic MegaGrant to further improve SDL, helping with next-gen APIs

        What is SDL? Simple DirectMedia Layer (SDL) is a cross-platform development library designed to provide low level access to audio, keyboard, mouse, joystick, and graphics hardware. It is used by video playback software, emulators, popular games and some game engines.

        Ryan Gordon is one of the people responsible for its development, and Gordon has also ported plenty of games to Linux, macOS and other platforms over many years. In a new post on Patreon, a fun announcement was detailed about an approved Epic MegaGrant and how it’s going to be used to improve SDL.

      • [Old] Intro to Software Rendering with SDL2

        Lets display some pixel data on the screen with SDL2 in C. There are a few ways to do this, each with their own trade-offs. I am going to assume that you already have SDL2 set up. Here is the basic framework that our program will use, with the relevant pieces slotted in where the comments are.

    • Games

      • Wordle: What’s the Best Starting Word?

        Figuring out the best first word is simply running the algorithm over each (guess, solution) pair and averaging the filtered words by guess. Here’s a chart of the results. (It took about 20 minutes to run my messy, unoptimized code on my laptop).

      • Little useless-useful R functions – Mastermind board game for R

        The gameplay is simple and so are the rules. The board contains 10 rows (or more) with possibilities of four colours and code pegs (white or black). R engine stores a secret colour combination and user selects a random combination.

        Based on selection, the R engine returns the black or white pegs. Black peg represents that one colour is at the right place, white that the colour matches, but not the position. No pegs would mean that none of selected colours matches the secret colour combination.

      • Playing Super Hang-On With Hacked Controller Gives Reason For Paws | Hackaday

        There’s a thing that happens when you’re shopping at a second hand store. You know how it goes: You see an item that strikes your fancy, your mind immediately locks in, and the item just has to be yours. [Tom Tilley] experienced this when he saw a Paw Patrol kids toy at a local thrift store, and you can see the results of his holiday hacking sessions in the video below the break.

        How did [Tom] put the Paw Patrol game to use? Looking like a motorcycle cockpit left him with few choices. Before long he’d flipped the game over over, pulled the innards, and hacked together what just might be the most perfect toy based interface we’ve seen lately.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • What is KDE Connect? How Do You Use It? [Beginner's Guide]

          In this article, we explain what is KDE Connect, its main features, basic usage guide and installation steps.

        • This week in KDE: better MTP support – Adventures in Linux and KDE

          Many of us are still getting over our new years’ food comas, but we managed to get some cool things done anyway!

        • KDE Kicks Off 2022 With New Feature Work

          KDE developers have kicked off 2022 into full-swing with new features and other improvements now on their way to the next round of KDE software releases.

          Nate Graham is out with his first KDE development summary of 2022 work. Among the changes that KDE developers addressed in this first week of the year include:

          - A volume slider has been added to Plasma’s Task Manager tooltips for windows playing audio.

        • KDE Frameworks 5.90 Arrives with More Improvements for Your Favorite KDE Apps

          KDE Frameworks 5.90 is here to improve the scroll (mouse and touchpad) behavior in QtQuick apps, especially in the Plasma Wayland session when using fractional scaling, add a more modern style without frames to System Settings pages that display a single big grid or list, as well as to improve file listing speed in directories that contain lots of files and folders.

          The scrollable controls in the Plasma desktop and various QtQuick-based apps have been improved as well to change their contents only when the user scrolls on them when the cursor is over them, not when the it passes over them.

        • KDE Ships Frameworks 5.90.0

          KDE today announces the release of KDE Frameworks 5.90.0.

          KDE Frameworks are 83 addon libraries to Qt which provide a wide variety of commonly needed functionality in mature, peer reviewed and well tested libraries with friendly licensing terms. For an introduction see the KDE Frameworks release announcement.

          This release is part of a series of planned monthly releases making improvements available to developers in a quick and predictable manner.

        • Christmas 2021 … – bembel.net

          … is already a few days ago and I finally come around to share one of my gifts with the KDE community.

          After 7 years I replaced (actually had to replace) my old mobile with a new one. The new one however has a camera that sticks out of the back of the mobile for a few millimeters which I don’t like. My daughter designed a custom cover for my wife’s phone a while back, and I asked her, if she can design something for me

        • November/December in KDE PIM

          Since the last summary two month ago we have seen the 21.12 feature releases of Kontact, and more than 1800 changes by 35 contributors have been integrated. While a large focus remains on preparing for a smooth transition to Qt 6 and KDE Frameworks 6, there have been many other additions and improvements to the PIM applications as well.

        • KDE Developer Contributes To GNOME!? – Kockatoo Tube
      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • 5 Tiny Yet Useful Features I Would Like to See in GNOME in 2022 – It’s FOSS News

          GNOME is the default choice of desktop environment on many Linux distributions. It’s also my favorite one as it gives a modern desktop experience.

          But that doesn’t mean GNOME is perfect and doesn’t need improvements. In fact, here are a few suggestions to improve the overall user experience.

        • GNOME On Wayland Lands Improved Handling For Direct Scanout Support

          Adding to the changes for GNOME 42 this spring is the Mutter Wayland compositor now taking into account sub-surfaces when determining direct scanout capabilities.

          GNOME’s Mutter already supports direct scanout for full-screen clients to reduce latency and resource use for games and other full-screen software by avoiding any extra screen copy of the screen contents and instead sending the application/game’s contents directly to the output. Just earlier this week Mutter landed DMA-BUF feedback support for improving its direct scanout capabilities particularly for multi-GPU/hybrid setups while on Friday another optimization was merged.

    • Distributions

      • Gentoo Family

        • Gentoo Linux Packages Up AMD ROCm, Makes Progress On RISC-V, LTO+PGO Python

          Gentoo Linux developers were very busy over the course of 2021 for this popular rolling-release operating system choice.

          The Gentoo project has published their 2021 recap this week that outlines all of the achievements made over the past calendar year. Some of the highlights for Gentoo in 2021 included:

          - AMD’s ROCm compute driver stack is now fully packaged for Gentoo. While NVIDIA CUDA support is relatively easy to deploy across distributions. having Gentoo Linux package Radeon Open eCosystem is actually an achievement… AMD with ROCm binaries only officially supports enterprise Linux distributions while those distributions independently working to package the ROCm sources have seen mixed success. Gentoo packaging -all- ROCm packages is the first I’ve heard any major Linux distribution achieving that independent milestone.

      • Debian Family

        • An annoyance with Debian postinstall scripts during package upgrades

          Both RPMs and Debian packages have broadly the same high level features, which isn’t surprising because they’re facing (and solving) the same problems. For example, both have postinstall scripts. However, the details and the social customs that result are different between the two, and so every so often I find something that irritates me about one or the other (usually Debian). Today’s irritation is in postinstall scripts.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • Install Linux Mint 20.3 ‘Una’ this weekend if you have absolutely nothing better to do

          Well, folks, we finally made it; the weekend is officially here! Hopefully you have some exciting activities planned. Maybe you are going to a party or taking someone out for a romantic dinner date. Or maybe, just maybe, you have absolutely nothing planned. You know what? That’s OK. A lot of people are lonely and/or have no prospects. And for them, Linux exists.

          Thankfully, Linux Mint 20.3 (code-named “Una”) has finally exited beta, giving countless computer nerds around the world something to do this weekend. And yes, this includes me — I had nothing planned other than a trip to Costco on Saturday and watching my New York Jets lose on Sunday. But now I will be installing the stable version of Linux Mint 20.3 “Una” as well. Huzzah!

    • Devices/Embedded

      • Open Hardware/Modding

        • 11 open source ideas for being more eco-friendly in 2022 | Opensource.com

          For governments and large organizations, open source continued to be a critical component for policy decisions and sustainability goals in 2021. The United Nations is one such organization that is relying on open source to reach its goals across a wide spectrum of issues including climate change. While it is crucial for world leaders to make big decisions to save the planet, many average citizens are also eager to contribute to the cause. Last year on Opensource.com, several authors shared their projects and ideas for making an impact on climate change. If you have a goal to make more eco-friendly choices in 2022, give these articles a read.

        • Raspberry PI headless Transmission torrent client with web GUI – peppe8o

          Even if the streaming services have changed a bit the roles, internet downloads have evolved during the years to optimize the traffic load and keep simpler sharing larger files. The BitTorrent distribution has played (and still plays) a great role on file sharing. Raspberry PI also can use Trasmission client to join the torrent advantages.

        • Stepper Motor with Raspberry PI Pico: 28BYJ-48 and ULN2003 wiring and MicroPython code – peppe8o

          Stepper motors can trasform your code logic into move in robotic projects. The 28BYJ-48 stepper motor (with ULN2003 motor driver) is the cheapest model and works with a simple code on Rapsberry PI Pico

          In this tutorial, I’m going to show you how to wire and use the 28BYJ-48 and ULN2003 with Raspberry PI Pico, with MicroPython code.

          Please note that, if you need the code for Raspberry PI computer boards, you can refer to my Controlling a stepper motor with Raspberry Pi Zero W tutorial.

        • 555 Timer On Its Own In Electronic Dice | Hackaday

          One of the most common clichés around here is that a piece of equipment chosen for a project is always too advanced. If a Raspberry Pi was used, someone will say they should have used an Arduino. If they use an Arduino, it should have been an ATtiny.

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Web Browsers

        • Government issues high severity warning for Google Chrome users

          The Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) under the IT ministry has issued a high severity warning for Google Chrome browser users. The warning is for the users who are using browser’s version prior to 97.0.4692.71. As per the warning, multiple vulnerabilities have been reported in Google Chrome which can be exploited by someone to execute arbitrary code on the targeted system.

      • Education

        • Top 7 Best R Shiny Books and Courses That Are Completely Free

          So, you want to become an R Shiny Developer? 2022 is the year to do it. Learning a new language, library, or framework can be stressful – even expensive at times! That’s why we decided to share the 7 best R Shiny books and courses you can follow from the comfort of your home completely free of charge.

          You should have at least the basic R programming skills under your toolbelt if you want to become proficient in R Shiny. Some of the top 7 R Shiny books and courses you’ll see below provide a brief refresher in R, but it shouldn’t be your first exposure to the language.

      • Funding

        • Software Freedom Conservancy Reaches Milestone in Fundraiser Ending Jan 15 – FOSS Force

          Good news on the fundraising front from the folks at Software Freedom Conservancy.

          When the organization began its annual fundraising drive back in November it announced that all donations up to $159,191 would be matched by “a few very generous anonymous donors” — its largest match offer ever. On Thursday, SFC announced that the match amount had been reached, meaning that the fundraiser has raised at least $318,382 so far.

      • FSF

        • Licensing/Legal

          • Libreboot – New Hampshire (USA) may soon enshrine Software Freedom into law. YOUR HELP IS NEEDED!

            This event of such global importance to Free Software projects, and the movement as a whole, has made me decide to write this article. The events in question, covered by this article, will occur on 11 January 2022. This is just three days away, so if you make a decision, you should make it now, today, and prepare. Please continue reading.

            If you live in New Hampshire or in one of the neighbouring states, especially Massachusetts, please listen up! If you are further away and unable to reach New Hampshire all that easily, please spread the following news anyway. It’s important. As alien as it may seem to many of my readers, I’m actually writing parts of this article as though someone who has never heard of Free Software is reading it, because I expect precisely that such people will read this particular article.

            You will see the term Free Software used in this article, but some people call it Open Source Software. However, you should call it Free Software. The word “free” refers to freedom, not price, though the software is usually also free as in gratis / zero price.

            The opposite of Free Software is called proprietary software, or non-free software. Proponents of Open Source sometimes call non-free software Closed Source, but you should call it non-free or proprietary, to highlight the fact that it isn’t free.

      • Programming/Development

        • Exciting recent developments for Fortran coders

          Expert Network member Sam Harrison describes some exciting recent developments for Fortran coders

          At the end of last year, a new Twitter channel @FortranTip was launched, with the goal of sharing bite-sized tips on Fortran coding best practices, similar to the @SciPyTip channel does for scientific Python tips.

        • Shell/Bash/Zsh/Ksh

          • Why “process substitution” is a late feature in Unix shells

            Process substitution is a great little feature and it feels very Unixy, but it took a surprisingly long time to appear in Unix and in shells. This is because it needed a crucial innovation, namely names in the filesystem for file descriptors, names that you can open() to be connected to the file descriptor.

          • Shell Eval

            In this post, we will perform a few experiments to see the usefulness of the eval command for a particular scenario in a POSIX-compliant shell. At first, we prepare a test file that contains a space in its name and define a variable as follows:

            $ echo lorem ipsum > "foo bar"
            $ cmd='cat "foo bar"'

            We will use this file and the variable in the experiments below. All output examples below are obtained using Dash 0.5.11 on a Debian GNU/Linux 11.2 (bullseye) system. Dash stands for Debian Almquist Shell which is a POSIX-compliant shell available in Debian. Any POSIX conforming shell should produce similar output. On Zsh, use the command emulate sh before running these examples to get similar output.

        • Java

          • FTC to Go After Companies that Ignore Log4j

            The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) will muster its legal muscle to pursue companies and vendors that fail to protect consumer data from the risks of the Log4j vulnerabilities, it warned on Tuesday.

            “The FTC intends to use its full legal authority to pursue companies that fail to take reasonable steps to protect consumer data from exposure as a result of Log4j, or similar known vulnerabilities in the future,” according to the warning.

  • Leftovers

    • Some Hazy Cosmic Jive

      Among those authors were Roger Zelazny, Samuel R. Delany, Poul Anderson, Harlan Ellison, John Brunner, Ursula K. Leguin and Robert Heinlein—all of whom had sold hundreds of thousands of their works in those decades. By the end of the 1980s, it seemed the genre was going the way of the guitar in rock music. Just like the synth was replacing electric guitar in popular music, fantasy fiction was replacing science fiction in popular fiction. I suppose part of this transition could be attributed to the overall growth in book sales and the advertising business’s new trend towards what they called niche marketing. As almost any cognizant person who lived in the US at the time might recall, the ability to focus capitalism’s consumer goods at particular audiences was rapidly taking over the marketplace by 1990. This would become the case even more so when the world wide web advanced technologically to the point where advertisers could literally send an ad to a very select group of people based on their use of the internet. What this often meant was that products could be sold to those most likely to buy them. That was the theory, at least. Ultimately, this type of marketing means that what people with more specific tastes are exposed to is ever more limited to those tastes. If you never read sci-fi, the internet is unlikely to try and sell you scifi.

      As an occasional reader of science fiction, I am happy to say that the genre seems to be experiencing n uptick in popularity. New authors like N.K. Jemison and Liu Cixin are quite popular, but so are many of those who were popular a few decades ago. Those who think about these things speculate that some of this popularity is due to a common human desire to escape. This is certainly true. However, I think another reason is a desire to try and understand the future we are living in. Given that so much of the genre’s literature is dystopian—and our present has been described as such—this makes sense. However, there is also the possibility that the futures presented in science fiction provide the reader with some potential hope.

    • There Will Be Many Acts of Kindness on the Way Down

      It’s now Thursday, and trees and branches have been coming down all over the place. We shook branches repeatedly as the snow was first arriving, to get some of it off. We still had a dogwood tree come down in the back yard, and some parts of crepe myrtles on the driveway, and other limbs and branches all around. We shoveled the snow off the house roof and the awnings over the doors as well as we could.

      Many houses and businesses around here still have no electricity. Grocery stores have empty shelves. People sat in cars on Interstate-95 for over 24 hours. People are renting hotel rooms, but the hotel staff can’t all get there due to the road conditions. More snow is predicted for tonight.

    • The Wave of Crazy

      It reminds me of the Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004 that killed over 200-thousand people.

      I remember news footage of that immense wall of black water hitting Japan, exploding its way into fields and city, ports and roads, homes and rivers — a liquid wood chipper of broken debris pulverizing people and places along its dreadful way, invading every nook and cranny of human construction. It was an apocalyptic horror.

    • Spider-Man: Doxing, Security Culture and Web-Slinging

      The first two decades of the comic book superhero film renaissance were definitely a mixed bag. Kicked off in the summer of 2000 with Bryan Singer’s X-Men and rapidly followed by Sam Raimi’s Spider-Man (2002) and Ang Lee’s Hulk (2003), the genre was reborn from the ashes of the Batman and Superman franchises, which had ingloriously crashed and burned by the mid-Nineties after noble beginnings. True, there were antecedents, such as Wesley Snipes’ Blade trilogy and M. Night Shyamalan’s Unbreakable, but both films were marketed as horror/thrillers rather than catalysts to a new family-inclusive franchise.

      The years between 2000-2008 will be remembered as a period when popular comic book titles were adapted in a fashion that was, like the early days of cinema, open to a type of experimentation and innovation that rapidly dissipated by the end of the decade. Sin City, Road to Perdition, V for Vendetta, and American Splendor remain outliers in terms of style, themes, and screenwriting, By the time Marvel had devised the notion of Iron Man (2008) being the start of a multi-picture single-narrative franchise, the Marvel Cinematic Universe, things were becoming sclerotic and conventional. The summer of 2012 release of the MCU tentpole The Avengers proved the films were becoming the cinematic equivalent of Lisa Frank’s color-by-numbers paintings, with Joss Whedon’s lugubrious script and direction crystalizing everything wrong with the MCU.

    • Opinion | Spreading Light and Joy in 2022 as We Fight for a Better World

      Above all is the sun—the ultimate source of all our energy. But we rely on plants, algae and some bacteria to obtain this energy through photosynthesis. According to a Lumen Learning article, “It is the only biological process that can capture energy that originates in outer space (sunlight) and convert it into chemical compounds (carbohydrates) that every organism uses to power its metabolism.”

    • Macedonian Ramble: Gallipoli as a Colonial Subdivision

      From the British sector, my guide Bulant and I drove toward what was called S Beach, where the French landed after their earlier feint at Kim Kale across the strait. Behind S Beach there was more of an empty plain than at Cape Helles, although the French had no more luck than did the British in reaching their inland objective of Achi Baba, and soon they too were entombed in their own trench lines.

      Bulant took me to the French cemetery and explained that it had, of late, generated a ministerial hissy fit, when someone in the government of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan realized that under many French markers (metal crosses) were muslims legionaries from places such as Tunisia and Algeria.

    • Lawsuit says Meta shares blame in the killing of a federal guard.

      Facebook’s parent company, Meta Platforms, has been sued over the 2020 killing of a federal security guard, a move that aims to challenge a federal statute that shields websites and social media platforms from liability for what users post.

      The lawsuit, filed on Wednesday by Angela Underwood Jacobs, the guard’s sister, argued that Facebook was responsible for connecting individuals who sought to harm law enforcement officers and sow civil discord. Ms. Jacobs’s brother, Dave Patrick Underwood, who served at a federal building and courthouse in Oakland, Calif., was shot and killed in May 2020 by an Air Force sergeant with antigovernment ties, according to the F.B.I.

    • Science

      • How To Solve A Rubik’s Cube For Beginners

        This is a simple beginner’s guide on how to solve a 3×3 Rubik’s Cube. I’ve split the process up into steps that hopefully make it easier to learn.

        It won’t teach you to be a speed cuber, but it will teach you how to solve the Rubik’s Cube…hopefully.

    • Education

    • Hardware

      • We just have to talk about the BMW that changes colour at will via an app

        The concept car is called the BMW iX Flow and its exterior is wrapped in a material that allows for the chameleon-like superpower. BMW says the material can also be used in the interior, though not showcased on the iX Flow. Allowing for on-the-fly customization that even James Bond could only dream about in 2021.

      • Production PCB And Pogo Pins Produce A Clever Test Jig | Hackaday

        [Hans Summers] runs a site qrp-labs.com, selling self-assembly kits mostly for radio gear and GPS applications, and had some production problems with his QCX+ 5W QRP transceiver kit. They were using an assembly house that had some problems with a sub-contractor going under during the pandemic, and the replacement service was somewhat below the expected level of quality, resulting in a significant number of SMT populated boards coming out non-functional. Obviously, not wanting to pass these on to customers as a debug problem, they set to work on an in-house QA test jig, to give them the confidence to ship kits again. The resulting functional test jig, (video, embedded below) takes a fairly interesting approach. Skip the video to 9:00 for the description of the test jig and detailed test descriptions.

        By taking an existing known-good PCB, stripping off all the SMT parts, and moving the through hole components to the rear PCB side, pogo pins could be soldered to strategic locations. Building the assembly into a rudimentary enclosure made from sawn-up raw copper clad board, with the pogos facing upwards, and a simple clamp on top, allowed the PCB-under-test (let’s call it the UUT from hereon) to be located and clamped in place. This compressed the pogos in order to make a firm electrical contact. A piece of MDF that had been attacked with a dremel did duty as a pressure plate, with cutouts around the SMT component areas to achieve the required uniform board pressure and keeping the force away from the delicate soldered parts. All this means that with an UUT connected via pogo pins to a through-hole only test PCB, the full circuit would be completed, if and only if the UUT was completely functional, and that means defect-free soldering and defect-free components.

      • Baby Steps Toward DIY Autonomous Driving: VW Golf Edition

        [Willem Melching] owns a 2010 Volkswagen Golf – a very common vehicle in Europe – and noticed that whilst the electronic steering rack supports the usual Lane Keep Assist (LKAS) system, and would be theoretically capable of operating in a far more advanced configuration using openpilot, there were some shortcomings in VW’s implementation which means that it would not function for long enough to make it viable. Being very interested in and clearly extremely capable at reverse engineering car ECUs and hacking them into submission, [Willem] set about documenting his journey to unlocking openpilot support for his own vehicle.

      • China demos space station’s robotic arm • The Register

        The China Manned Space Engineering Office (CMSEO) says it has completed load-bearing tests on its space station’s 10m robotic arm.

        The test involved lifting and moving the Tianzhou-2 cargo ship in a 47-minute operation that assessed the arm’s ability to assemble sections of the station while in orbit, which is exactly what space boffins want to do during upcoming construction tasks on the unfinished outpost.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • Living in Epoch-Defining Times: Food, Agriculture and the New World Order

        This is the future that big agritech and agribusiness envisage: a future of ‘data-driven’ and ‘climate-friendly’ agriculture that they say is essential if we are to feed a growing global population.

        The transformative vision outlined above which is being promoted by the likes of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation amounts to a power grab. Whether through all aspects of data control (soil quality, consumer preferences, weather, etc), e-commerce monopolies, corporate land ownership, seed biopiracy and patenting, synthetic lab-made food or the eradication of the public sector’s role in ensuring food security and national food sovereignty, the aim is for a relative handful of corporations to gain full control of the entire global food system.

      • Covid Colonizes the Future

        It didn’t have to be this way. As countries like China and New Zealand demonstrated, covid can be controlled. But for this you need a strong central government that cares about public health. Even better would have been a U.N. on steroids, a strong, central WORLD government, which, other than world capitalist rule, global political and military bigwigs are in no way ready for. And in any event, the window for humanity to contain this disease closed over a year ago. The death cult that is capitalism refused financial sacrifice for human well-being. Thereafter, we all live with the consequences.

        How well we manage this now endemic virus lies mostly in the hands of individual national rulers. And by that metric, the U.S. does quite poorly. Trump pretended covid didn’t exist (killing hundreds of thousands of people). Biden rode the fact that it did into the white house, promising to tame the virus with “science.” Then he put all his eggs in one basket – vaccination. This strategy was a bust, because many Americans bizarrely confuse simple, sane, public health measures with insulting infringements on freedom.

      • WHO Says Omicron Variant Is Not “Mild” as ER Doctor Describes New COVID Wave Overwhelming Hospitals

        We look at the skyrocketing number of COVID infections. Coronavirus cases hit record highs this week, with global cases climbing 70% from last week to 9.5 million and the U.S. reporting a single-day record of 1 million new cases on Monday. In the U.S., the extraordinary volume of cases is filling up emergency rooms nationwide and exhausting healthcare workers, says emergency room physician Dr. Craig Spencer, who has been treating coronavirus patients since the pandemic began. “We’re much better at treating this disease now,” says Spencer, “but the problem is that the amount of volume that we’re seeing threatens to really wash away any added benefit from either a milder variant or even all that experience that we’ve learned and those tools that we’ve built up over the past few years.” Spencer also critiques the U.S. government’s role in prolonging the pandemic, saying, “Global vaccine inequity has been one of the most profound and disappointing aspects of this pandemic over the past year.”

      • A High-Risk Medical Device Didn’t Meet Federal Standards. The Government Paid Millions for More.

        In 2014, when the Food and Drug Administration found serious problems with a life-sustaining heart pump, its warning letter to the manufacturer threatened to notify other federal health agencies about the inspection’s findings.

        But for years, no such alert ever went out. Instead, the agency added the warning letter to an online database alongside thousands of others, following its typical procedures, an FDA spokesperson said.

      • EPA’s First New Air Pollutant Addition in 30 Years Reveals Agency Failings: Critics

        The Environmental Protection Agency announced this week the addition—for the first time in over three decades—of a new substance to its list of hazardous air pollutants.

        The chemical compound called 1-Bromopropane or 1-BP—used in dry cleaning and automobile care products and linked to cancer and other adverse human health impacts—is now among 188 pollutants including benzene, formaldehyde, and methanol on the list established in 1990 under the Clean Air Act.

      • Caravans Across California Set to Hit the Road as State’s Single-Payer Bill Advances

        As a bill to deliver single-payer healthcare to Californians is set to advance to a state legislative health committee next week, more than a dozen automobile caravans will take to the streets of cities and towns across the Golden State on Saturday to promote and show support for what could be a first-in-the-nation universal care program.

        “Now is the time to realize healthcare is a human right—and California will lead the way with CalCare.”

      • If Biden Doesn’t Act Quickly, Millions Could Lose Medicaid as Omicron Surges

        Unless the Biden administration extends a public health emergency declaration that’s set to expire in just nine days, millions of vulnerable people across the U.S.—including many children—could soon be booted off Medicaid amid a record surge in Covid-19 cases.

        The Families First Coronavirus Response Act, a relief package that Congress approved in March 2020, requires states to provide “continuous coverage” to Medicaid enrollees for the duration of the federally declared public health emergency (PHE), which has been renewed several times since the start of the pandemic.

      • Right-Wing Justices Appear Poised to Kill Biden Vaccine Rules Despite Raging Omicron

        Amid expert warnings about the dire implications for public health and democracy, right-wing justices on the U.S. Supreme Court on Friday appeared poised to strike down the Biden administration’s contested federal vaccination requirements even as the coronavirus pandemic rages across the country.

        “Why shouldn’t the federal government… have a national rule that will protect workers?”

      • Not One—But Two—Lawyers Who Argued Against Covid Safety Rules Before Supreme Court… Had Covid

        As the right-wing majority of the U.S. Supreme Court appeared ready Friday to strike down the Biden administration’s Covid-19 safety guidelines for workplaces, the nine justices were protected in their own workplace from exposure to the disease.

        According to Reuters, two of the attorneys arguing against the vaccination, testing, and mask-wearing rules spoke to the court remotely because they had tested positive for Covid-19 prior to the proceedings.

      • WHO Says Omicron Variant Is Not “Mild” as New COVID Wave Overwhelms Hospitals
      • Tech is finally killing long lines

        What’s happening: Physical lines are disappearing at theme parks, doctor’s offices, clothing stores and elsewhere, replaced by systems that let you book a slot online and then wait to be notified that it’s your turn.

      • R.I.P., Gayle DeLong

        My last post of 2021 discussed how that had been the year that the old antivaccine tactic of “dumpster diving” in the Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System (VAERS) database had been mainstreamed by antivaxxers as part of their ongoing efforts to portray COVID-19 vaccines as deadly. I was reminded of this earlier this week, when I learned of the death of Gayle DeLong, PhD. One reason is that Dr. DeLong’s passing reminded me of a phenomenon that has come to dominate bad science about COVID-19, specifically an expert in one discipline unrelated to vaccines and infectious disease thinking herself an “expert” in COVID-19 vaccines.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • GnuPG PIN cache, Smartcards, YubiKeys and notifications

        I am still obsessed with the OpenPGP smartcard. I know, it is definitely far inferior to YubiKey. It has far, far less features and it’s GnuPG implementation is even riddled with serious bugs that can take days to work around. It definitely has it’s peak years behind. But no matter how bad it is, I simply like it’s form-factor.

        I cannot state this enough. I like how it fits to my wallet, along other items with similar taxonomy, like credit cards or an electronic ID card. It also sticks much less intrusively out of the laptop, neatly and quite subtly. It is not occupying any USB ports, which is what I hate the most about YubiKeys. There are million form-factors of YubiKeys and all have to go to some USB port. When my laptop is in the dock, I have to reach out to touch it (this is important, we get to this in a moment). When not docked, it is easy to touch, but sticks out awkwardly and it can result it accidents.

      • Proprietary

        • How to Set Up Two-Factor Authentication for SSH

          One way to enhance SSH login security is by using two-factor authentication (2FA). This approach forces an administrator to self-identify with an additional security verification in addition to the local admin credentials.

          This tutorial guides you through setting up Google Authenticator PAM to enable 2FA for users connecting to SSH on a Linux server. We’ll use nano as our editor in examples.

        • Security

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • Stop data pollution from turning your company’s data lake into a swamp

              More data isn’t always better. Companies should be cautious about collecting and storing data for which they have limited tangible use. Not only does this present security, privacy, and compliance risks, storing and managing such data also represents an unnecessary expense. Instead, focus on data that has value and utility – you probably have more than enough of it already!

            • How Signal is playing with fire

              Last year, current and former Signal employees told me they were worried about what that combination would bring to the app. Anonymous transactions would likely attract criminals, they told me, and that in turn would attract regulatory scrutiny. Given that end-to-end encryption already faces legal challenges around the globe, they said, Signal’s addition of anonymous payments was a needless provocation. And it could give more ammunition to lawmakers who want to end encryption as we know it.

            • Worst of CES Awards: The least private, least secure, least repairable, and least sustainable [Ed: I wish Doctorow knew that EFF had begun promoting fake privacy connected to Microsoft]

              Six right-to-repair advocates assembled on Friday morning to present Repair.org’s second annual Worst in Show Awards, a selection of the “the least private, least secure, least repairable, and least sustainable gadgets at CES.”

              In a presentation streamed on YouTube, author and activist Cory Doctorow presided over the condemnation session. He said that he has been attending the Consumer Electronics Show for decades and vendors will gladly enumerate the supposed benefits of their products.

              “But what none of those people will ever do is tell you how it will fail,” said Doctorow. “And that’s kind of our job here today, to talk about the hidden or maybe not so hidden and completely foreseeable failure modes of these gadgets.”

    • Defence/Aggression

      • The Myth of the Good War

        I have an advantage here. When I get a communique like this, I know the writer read my column in a regular newspaper, not a progressive site on the Internet — and that’s a good thing for multiple reasons.

        One: The mainstream media is often fearful of a viewpoint like mine, which is critical of war and nukes and nationalism and border cages and such, so I always feel delight on learning I’ve made it into mainstream print.

      • Getting Away With Murder Wasn’t Enough for Tony Blair

        My first response to finding out that Tony Blair had been inducted into the Most Noble Order of the Garter was to wonder out loud what on earth that even was. A quick Google search followed and I was navigated to the official website of the British Royal Family where I learnt to my amusement that “King Edward III was so inspired by tales of King Arthur…that he set up his own group of honourable knights.”

      • Sudan Protests Demand End to Military Rule: “No Negotiation, No Partnership, No Legitimacy”

        We get an update from Sudan, where at least three pro-democracy protesters were killed by security forces on Thursday, bringing the death toll to at least 60 since the military coup on October 25. Thursday’s protest came four days following Abdalla Hamdok’s resignation as Sudan’s prime minister, after he was deposed in the October coup and then shortly restored to power by the military in November. However, protesters on the ground find Hamdok’s resignation insignificant and consider him irrelevant to the fight for full democratic control over the government, says Sudanese activist Marine Alneel, who joins us from Khartoum. The civilian slogan is now “no negotiation, no partnership, no legitimacy,” she explains, saying protesters are no longer interested in preserving the joint military-civilian governing deal signed after mass protests in 2019 that toppled longtime leader Omar al-Bashir. “In 2019, many people were displeased with the partnership, and now mostly people are outright rejecting any form of partnership with the military,” she says.

      • 1/6, 9/11 and Glenn Greenwald

        Before I go any further let me offer an embarrassing confession. It wasn’t long ago that I was defending Greenwald to anyone I could. What is Greenwald’s appeal? Now that I’m revolted by him as most healthy people are, I have to say that I must have forgotten even what I liked about him in the first place, and his allure remains a mystery.

        One thing I will never forget is 1/6. Liberal corporate media is telling me to never forget 1/6. Conservative corporate media like Greenwald tell me to forget quickly. The coverage is strikingly similar to 9/11. Fox News correspondent Glenn Greenwald is having a field day with that. But I’m skeptical. Is the new war on terror really on the American right, as Greenwald claims?

      • January 6, a Year Later

        This stability was unquestionably a great achievement for an ethnically and religiously diverse country with a large population, but this American record should be celebrated cautiously, with humility, and massive qualifications that must never be ignored. This U.S. rise to great power status rested on genocidally driven ethnic cleansing of Native Americans combined with economic prosperity for a land-based settler colonial white elite that owed its high standard of living to the racist and exploitative benefits of slavery. Even after the American Civil War and the end of slavery, racism remained, was cruel in its dehumanizing effects on perpetrators as well as victims, and extended to the entire country. That the United States could constantly invoke its own exceptionalism and convince most of the world that it was ‘the city on the hill,’ ‘the new Jerusalem,’ and ‘a light unto the nations’ remains without doubt a masterful triumph of public relations and state propaganda, a precursor of the capitalist empires built by Madison Avenue advertising ingenuity. But truth it is not, and never was!

        What was true, which was a truthful exception to the big early lies, was the widespread adherence to the electoral process by which political leadership was determined, and legitimized. Procedural democracy at its core remains about the sanctity of elections as credible expressions of citizen consent. Even though there is no text it was this core provision of the social contract that was dangerously weakened by the January 6th assault on the Capitol, and even more than the assault itself, by the instigating and cheerleading role played by Trump and his immediate entourage. Even more telling is the commitment a year later by one of the two major political parties to a manifest falsehood of the greatest political consequence. The Republican Party overwhelmingly supports the central lie that the 2020 election was stolen, and this Trump deserves to be president. We can safely assume that most of the Republican leadership knows that it is endorsing a falsehood, but does so nevertheless for cynical reasons associated with calculations about their own political futures.

      • Six Things the Media Won’t Tell You About Ukraine

        Here are six crucial pieces of background that the western media will not tell you.

        The NATO Promise

      • The End of US?

        This critical moment takes place before a civil war breaks out or an official ceremony of dissolution is held. At some point, the citizens of the country stop thinking of themselves as members of a common association. At some point, the mystic chords of memory transmogrify into mutual disgust and incomprehension.

        At that moment, the us is over.

      • Opinion | In Praise of Joe Biden’s Fighting Words

        The January 6 speeches by both Biden and Harris were terrific. On January 5,  I published a piece at The Bulwark arguing that January 6 was a day not to preach about healing but to renew the fight to defend democracy. Yesterday morning’s speeches, especially the one by Biden, exceeded my wildest expectations.

      • ‘Intentional, Criminal Act’: Fire That Destroyed Tennessee Planned Parenthood Clinic Was Arson

        After authorities in Knoxville announced Thursday that a New Year’s Eve fire at the only Planned Parenthood clinic in East Tennessee was arson, local and national leaders at the healthcare group condemned the act and vowed to resume services as soon as possible.

        “All too often, bad actors emboldened by the rhetoric of anti-abortion politicians and antagonists intentionally work to interrupt patients’ access to healthcare and providers’ ability to give it.”

      • Opinion | Attacks on Emma Watson Make Clear the Demonization of Palestine Solidarity

        Whatever one’s reservations about our celebrity-orientated culture, there’s a lot to be said for big names coming out in support of important causes. In what some would say was a key moment for the mainstreaming of the Palestinian liberation movement, Harry Potter star Emma Watson yesterday shared an image on her Instagram account—with sixty-four million followers—featuring the text ‘Solidarity is a verb’ against a backdrop of Palestinian flags.

      • Opinion | On Hearing From People Who Hate That I Hate War

        Love thy enemy? I get a chance to do so on a regular basis, thanks to the email (or nasty-mail) I sometimes get in response to my column, e.g.:

      • Opinion | From Honduras to New Orleans, Without a Safe Path Forwards

        I grew up in Honduras with my grandparents, as my mom came to the United States years prior with the dream of setting up a better life for me and my younger brothers. Five years ago, when I was 17 years old, I was in the middle of school classes when I received a text from her asking “Are you ready to come to the US next week?” She had arranged for a coyote. I managed to cross the border by car, inflatable raft and walking, and once stateside, immediately crossed paths with border patrol who took me to a detention center in McAllen, Texas. There was only one bathroom for 75 people, the food offered was terrible. They gave me an aluminum cover wrap, but it did nothing to keep away the bitter cold. I was released after a day and a half and sent to a shelter in Miami, and then to Metairie, New Orleans where I reunited with my mom. We were able to hug for the first time since I was six years old.  

      • Trump Was Against Telling Mob to “Stay Peaceful” During Jan. 6, Former Aide Says
      • Opinion | The Blood Spilled on Jan. 6 as Rorschach Test

        It won’t take long — maybe a generation or two — but one day, Jan. 6, 2021, will be just another day of infamy just like all the rest. It will contain only a shadow of its former dread. It will be turned into an occasion for cosplay and winter barbecue by tens of thousands of Americans who will remember it fondly.

      • January 6 Showed Why D.C. Deserves Statehood

        The phone call from my mom was more direct: Were my partner and I safe, and did we have a plan in case things went south at the Capitol?

        The insurrection instigated by Donald Trump has become a kind of political north star in the year that’s passed since. An entire ecosystem of post-mortem analyses has grown up around the day.

      • PD Whose Officers Brutalized A Black Soldier For Driving To A Well-Lit Area Sued By Virginia Attorney General

        Windsor, Virigina was the recipient of unflattering nationwide news coverage due to two police officers deciding a black driver — and Army medic — needed to be brutalized for seeking a well-lit area to pull over. The whole thing was caught on the officers’ body cameras, including their threats to make Lieutenant Caron Nazario “ride the lightning” (a reference to the officer’s Taser) as well as the officer’s affirmation that Nazario was right to be scared to exit his vehicle.

      • Maryland Court Says Baltimore Prosecutors Can’t Hide Their ‘Do Not Call’ List Of Bad Cops From The Public

        Changes in law, court decisions, and transparency efforts have resulted in the public release of names of officers prosecutors consider too unreliable to ask to testify in court. Officers with histories of misconduct or perjury are placed on “do not call” lists by prosecutors who are supposed to hand this information over to criminal defendants.

      • Father and Son Who Murdered Ahmaud Arbery Given Life in Prison Without Parole

        This is a developing news story… Check back for possible updates…

        Three white men who murdered Ahmaud Arbery last year in Georgia were sentenced Friday to life in prison, and the judge denied parole to the father and son who armed themselves and hunted down the 25-year-old Black man.

      • Remembering 1/6
      • A dream of power, an awakening to destruction

        In a situation where he is installed as president after losing an election, Mr. Trump would vainly try to control what will quickly cease to be the United States. His allies who wish to destroy the state will be the only winners. The precise scenario of the collapse of the United States is impossible to predict, but some of the following is likely to happen, and quickly.

        Tens of millions of people protest. Paramilitaries on both sides emerge. Violence leads to fake and real stories of deaths, and to revenge. Police and armed forces will know neither whom they should obey nor whom they should arrest. With traditional authority broken, those wearing uniforms and bearing arms will become partisans, take sides, and start shooting one another. Governors will look for exit strategies for their states. Americans will rush to parts of the disintegrating country they find safer, in a process that looks increasingly like ethnic cleansing. The stock market and then the economy will crash. The dollar will cease to be the world currency.

      • Taliban to include suicide bombers in their army

        Officials of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan said that they will create a special battalion of suicide attackers to be part of their future army.

        Deputy Minister of information and culture and spokesperson of the Taliban Zabiullah Mujahid said that the battalion will be part of their special forces and will be active under Defense Ministry.

      • Boko Haram Fighters Invade Borno Community, Burn Houses, Loot Shops

        Militants from the Islamic State-backed faction of Boko Haram, the Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP), formerly known as Jamā’at Ahl as-Sunnah lid-Da’wah wa’l-Jihād have attacked a community in Borno State, destroying buildings and looting shops.

    • Environment

      • Tired of inaction, two students brought recycling to their Jalisco community

        I live in Pinar de la Venta, a rural community in the municipality of Zapopan, Jalisco, that’s perched on a mountaintop not far from Guadalajara, Jalisco. Not long ago, in our local WhatsApp chat, I began to see notices every two weeks, inviting people to collect and contribute their recyclables.

        The posts came from two young women living in my neighborhood named Xela Lloyd and Xochil Vandroogenbroeck, both of them students. I asked them why they had decided to start this project instead of spending all day with their noses in a smartphone, like so many other young moderns.

      • Coverage of Tory MPs’ Energy Bills Letter Ignores Ties to Climate Science Denial Group

        A media blitz by backbench Tory MPs calling for cuts to green taxes, more North Sea oil and gas extraction, and the return of fracking, is led by politicians with close links to the UK’s main climate science denial group and reflects many of its demands.

        A letter by the Net Zero Scrutiny Group (NZSG) of 19 MPs and one peer, published in the Sunday Telegraph this week and covered on the front page of Monday’s Daily Mail as well as by the BBC, has fed into the ongoing debate around rising energy bills. 

      • Opinion | The Biggest Threat in ‘Don’t Look Up’ Are the Capitalists on Earth

        As the dust settles on a movie that has well and truly got people talking about the climate crisis in a way that no other movie has, it is worth talking about one of the most important messages of the movie, and one that has largely been ignored. 

      • Greenland Ice Sheet Shrunk for 25th Year Straight in 2021, Report Shows

        “2021 is the 25th year in a row in which Greenland’s ice sheet lost more mass during the course of the melting season than it gained during the winter.”

        That’s according to the latest report from Polar Portal, a website featuring observations from Danish research institutions that monitor the Greenland Ice Sheet and the sea ice in the Arctic.

      • The Climate Emergency Is ‘Now’: Over 400 Weather Stations Set New Heat Records in 2021

        Last year saw record-breaking high temperatures recorded at more than 400 weather stations around the world, with meteorologists voicing alarm over what climate scientists say is the shape of things to come, according to a report published Friday.

        The Guardian reports that 10 countries—Canada, Dominica, Italy, Morocco, Oman, Taiwan, Tunisia, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, and the United States—set or matched their national monthly high temperature records last year.

      • When to Build Sea Walls

        The most recent warning on December 30th is of deteriorating conditions at the Arctic and Greenland. The second warning is the threatening collapse in Antarctica of one of the largest glaciers in the world. As these events unfortunately coincide so close together, one at the top of the world, the other at the bottom, should coastal cities plan to build sea walls?

        The scale of time and material and costs to build seawalls is nearly overwhelming. In fact, it is overwhelming. The US Army Corps of Engineers is already drafting plans for a gigantic seawall to protect New York-New Jersey Harbour and Tributaries from surges and flooding. It’s a multi-year study that should be completed this year, 2022. The estimated cost is US$119 billion built-out over a period of 25 years for 6 miles of seawall. Yet, already there is concern that it may prove inadequate, only defending against storm surges, not rising sea levels. NYC Comptroller Scott M. Stringer has suggested 520 miles of exposed shorelines as an alternative plan. (Source: US Army Weighs Up Proposal For Gigantic Sea Wall to Defend NY From Future Floods, ScienceAlert, January 20, 2020)

      • Energy

      • Wildlife/Nature

    • Finance

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • Democracy Is on the Ballot in 2022. Summer Lee Is Ready for This Fight.

        Americans are worried about the battered condition of this country’s experiment with democracy. They know that, as President Biden stated in his address Thursday, one year after the January 6 US Capitol attack, “We are in a battle for the soul of America, a battle that by the grace of God and goodness of this nation, we will win.”

      • Republicans Are on the Retreat in California
      • In Search of Shallow Doctrines: Joe Biden and Trumpism Shorn

        Much of this is often simple mythmaking for the imperial minder in the White House, betraying what are often shallow understandings about global politics and movements.  Clarity and details are often found wanting.  Variety in such doctrinal matters, the Soviet Union’s veteran diplomat Andrei Gromyko noted in casting his eye over the US approach, meant that there was no “solid, coherent and consistent policy” in the field.

        In the case of President Joe Biden, any doctrine was bound to be a readjustment made in hostility to the Trump administration, at least superficially.  But in so many ways, Biden has simply pulled down the blinds and kept the US policy train going, notably in its approach to China and its unabashed embrace of the Anglosphere.  There remain smatterings of nativism, doses of protectionism.  There is the childlike evangelism that insists on enlightened democracy doing battle with vicious autocracy.  This was, according to Foreign Affairs, the “everything doctrine”.

      • Election Reflection: What Does the Honduran Presidential Election of November 28 Tell Us?
      • Plutocrats are Working Overtime to Cancel Democracy

        The European think tank International IDEA certainly thinks so. International IDEA recently labeled the U.S. a “backsliding democracy.” This designation is in line with what most Americans believe—that American democracy is “in crisis and at risk of failing.”

        This crisis of American democracy is not by accident or by chance. (In politics, nothing is by accident or chance.) The plutocrats who hold the strings of power are working overtime to cancel democracy. Real democracy means sharing power with the masses, and why would powerful elites want to do that? Real democracy means that the wealthy would pay their fair share of taxes, and an end to foreign wars that weaken America while enriching arms manufacturers—and they certainly don’t want that to happen. It would mean strong voting rights legislation, an end to the electoral college.

      • Biden Warns of “Dagger at the Throat of America”; Fascism Expert Says Trump’s Personality Cult Growing

        President Joe Biden warned about the looming threat of autocracy during his speech marking the first anniversary of the January 6 Capitol attack on Thursday and denounced his predecessor Donald Trump for inciting the rioters. In a statement responding to Biden’s speech, Trump continued to falsely claim the 2020 election was rigged. To discuss further, we are joined by historian Ruth Ben-Ghiat, an expert on the psychology of authoritarianism, who says Trump has grown his “personality cult” since his election loss and converted the GOP into “a far-right authoritarian party which has enshrined violence as part of the practice of power.” She also discusses Trump’s recent endorsement of Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orbán, who has been recognized by European Union leadership as a threat to democracy, and calls Florida Governor Ron DeSantis a “mini-Trump” who is planning for “an authoritarian system at the state level.”

      • GOP “Entitlement Reform”: Will Disabled Vets Become the New Welfare Queens?

        Since 2015, billions of dollars have been diverted from VHA care to private doctors and for-profit hospitals who treat veterans in costlier and less effective fashion.  This cannibalization of the VHA budget began under President Obama, escalated during the Trump era, and continues under Joe Biden.

        Up until now, few Republicans, or their allies like the Koch Brother-funded Concerned Veterans for America (CVA), dared to attack the VA-run Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA), a sacred cow even for conservatives. Nearly six million veterans currently receive payments for service-related medical conditions that left them partially or totally impaired; among them are 1.3 million men and women who served in Iraq and Afghanistan. Their total compensation, plus pensions, costs the public about $110 billion per year.

      • Trump is Winning the New Nightmare Years

        So what if he tried to overthrow constitutional rule of law and what’s left of civil decency and democracy? The white nationalist GOP is his Republifascist baby. It’s still the Amerikaner Party of Trump (APoT). He’s still its grand poohbah, with his Big Hitlerian Lie of a stolen election as his great gaslighting club, accepted by three in four Republicans.

        While the minority rule governance order inherited from the nation’s slave-owning Founders is already fixed well to the right of the populace, the APoT is ratcheting things farther starboard the name of the Big Lie. It is purging the small number of its elected and election officials who dared oppose Dear Leader Orange and the attempted destruction of previously normative bourgeois electoral democracy. It is passing state-level measures to suppress what it sees as illegitimate and un-American minority and Democratic votes. It is working to cancel popular presidential votes and Electoral College slates that don’t align with its ethno-nationalist program. It is conducting state-level gerrymandering on racist and partisan steroids to further ensure the emergence of a US House of Representatives that will end serious legislative branch investigation of the January 6, 2021, coup attempt.

      • Republicans Are Trying to Pass More Voting Restrictions Ahead of 2022 Midterms
      • Voting Rights Groups Tell Biden: Don’t Come to Atlanta Without a Plan
      • Chile’s “New Left” Brings Hope
      • Selling Out Democracy for Political Influence

        Confederate flags were waved inside the Capitol. People with zip ties and weapons were ready to do harm or even kill members of Congress and the vice president. These were right-wing extremists who had the encouragement, and even help, from Trump allies in Congress.

        When the dust settled, many corporations rightly spoke out and pledged to halt contributions to lawmakers whose rhetoric and actions played a part in the insurrection — including those who voted to throw out the 2020 presidential election results in service of the Big Lie, a group now known as the “Sedition Caucus.”

      • A Nation Coming Apart at the Seams

        It’s easy to forget just how long this world has been a dangerous place for human beings. I thought about this recently when I stumbled upon a little memoir my Aunt Hilda scrawled, decades ago, in a small notebook. In it, she commented in passing: “I was graduated during that horrible flu epidemic of 1919 and got it.” Badly enough, it turned out, to mess up her entry into high school. She says little more about it.

        Still, I was shocked. In all the years when my father and his sister were alive and, from time to time, talked about the past, never had they (or my mother, for that matter) mentioned the disastrous “Spanish Flu” pandemic of 1918-1920. I hadn’t the slightest idea that anyone in my family had been affected by it. In fact, until I read John Barry’s 2005 book, The Great Influenza, I hadn’t even known that a pandemic devastated America (and the rest of the world) early in the last century — in a fashion remarkably similar to, but even worse than, Covid-19 (at least so far) before essentially being tossed out of history and the memory books of most families.

      • Iran’s wrestling president says ‘Death to America’ before US match

        Pashaei, asked: “Why should someone (Alireza Dabir) who has been one of the athletes very close to the Iranian government in all the past years and part of the government’s propaganda be able to travel freely to the United States?”

      • Islamophobia envoy’s mission should focus on Muslim countries

        Only 9 percent of all religious hate crimes in the United States and 1 percent of all hate crimes are directed at Muslims. How many government positions are created to address a problem that affects 1 percent of the population?

    • Misinformation/Disinformation

      • The Next Big Lies: Jan. 6 Was No Big Deal, or a Left-Wing Plot

        By Thursday’s anniversary of the violence that has been connected to at least seven deaths and left some 150 police officers injured, it was an article of faith among vast swaths of conservative Americans that the riot was just “one day in January,” in the words of former Vice President Mike Pence, whose life was directly threatened. For the half of Republicans who now believe the rioters were at the Capitol to “protect democracy,” according to the latest ABC News/Ipsos poll, any talk of Jan. 6 as a singularly violent episode in American democracy would likely be taken as liberal, mainstream-media claptrap.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • Veteran actor faces 2 years in prison on charges of insulting the Turkish nation

        İlyas Salman, 72, is accused in the indictment of insulting the Turkish nation, the Republic of Turkey, the Turkish Parliament and government and legal institutions of the state in a video he posted on social media on Jan. 25, 2021. The charges are based on Article 301 of the Turkish Penal Code (TCK), which criminalizes public denigration of “Turkishness, the Republic or Grand National Assembly of Turkey.”

      • What Kazakhstan Isn’t

        Knowledge of Kazakhstan in the West is extremely slim, particularly among western media, and many responses to events there have been wildly off-beam.

      • Day six of Kazakhstan’s unrest Police are ordered to shoot to kill, the president doubles down on ‘terrorists and killers’ rhetoric, and rumors spread about Nazarbayev

        Police and soldiers have “essentially” restored order across Kazakhstan, President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev declared on Friday. “The local authorities control the situation, but terrorists are still using weapons and damaging people’s property. That is why counterterrorist actions will continue until the complete destruction of the militants,” Tokayev said at a meeting on January 7 with the nation’s law enforcement heads.  

      • Kazakhstan President Condemned for ‘Shoot to Kill’ Orders Against Protesters

        Human rights advocates expressed alarm Friday after Kazakhstan’s president ordered security forces to “shoot to kill without warning” protesters engaged in ongoing demonstrations over high fuel prices, economic inequality, and corruption.

        President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev announced he had given the order in a speech as he also accused media outlets of encouraging unrest and claimed without evidence that demonstrators have taken orders from a “single command post” and have “a clear plan of attacks on military, administrative, and social facilities in all areas.”

      • Kazakhstan president gives shoot-to-kill order against protesters, dismissing calls for negotiations

        In contrast to this portrait of the demonstrators as hardened militants, several thousand demonstrated peacefully in the city of Zhanaozen, one of the first hotspots of the riots, on Friday. They issued the most specific list of demands to date, asking for a change in power, freedom for civil rights activists, and a return to a 1993 version of the constitution, which is considered to have a more democratic tone and a clearer division of power than the current one.

      • Kazakh president orders security forces to shoot to kill after days of violent protests

        Kazakhstan is experiencing the worst street protests since the country gained independence three decades ago. The demonstrations began over a near-doubling of prices for a type of vehicle fuel and quickly spread across the country, reflecting wider discontent over the rule of the same party since independence.

        Protests have turned extremely violent, with government buildings set ablaze and scores of protesters and more than a dozen law enforcement officers killed. Internet across the country has been shut down, and two airports closed, including one in Almaty, the country’s largest city.

      • Kazakh leader rejects talks, tells forces to “shoot to kill” as Russia helps quash anti-government unrest

        Long seen as one the most stable of the ex-Soviet republics of Central Asia, energy-rich Kazakhstan is facing its biggest crisis in decades. Protesters stormed government buildings in Almaty on Wednesday and fought running battles with police and the military, with officials saying 748 security officers were wounded and 18 killed.

      • Kazakhstan’s president gives shoot to kill orders against anti-government protestors

        In a televised address to the nation, President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev used harsh rhetoric, referring to those involved in the turmoil as “terrorists,” “bandits” and “militants” — though it is unclear how peaceful protests gathered steam and then descended into violence.

        “I have given the order to law enforcement and the army to shoot to kill without warning,” Tokayev said. “Those who don’t surrender will be eliminated.”

      • Kazakhstan: President gives shoot-to-kill order against protesters

        Reid Standish from Radio Free Europe told DW that the president’s announcement is likely to escalate the situation.

        “It’s certainly likely to enflame the situation. It’s definitely going to be taken seriously. All last night there was fighting taking place across Almaty, gunshots could be heard across the city until the morning, so that speech shows that the government is digging in deep and they have no qualms about using force against people who are on the streets.”

    • Freedom of Information/Freedom of the Press

      • Craig Aaron on Local Journalism, Barbara Briggs on Workplace Disasters

        This week on CounterSpin: At FAIR, we say you can change the channel all you want, but you can’t turn on what isn’t there. The loss of an information source—a particular place for debate, for conversation, on issues relevant to you—is incalculable, but very real. We talked about the loss of local journalism, and why we can still be hopeful, with Craig Aaron of the group Free Press.

      • To Redact the Truth or Not to Redact the Truth: Is That the Question?

        My article recounted at great length the war crimes revealed in a major New York Times 2-part article entitled, “Hidden Pentagon Records Reveal Patterns of Failure in Deadly Airstrikes.” But in the section entitled, “Assange and the New York Times on collateral damage,” I wrote:

        “In contrast,” I asserted, incorrectly, “Assange’s revelations, received from U.S. soldier whistleblower, Chelsea Manning, were not redacted.” [Emphasis added].

      • Opinion | Biden Must Halt the Assault on Free Press and Drop the Prosecution of Julian Assange

        Gathering threats to democracy are front and center as the United States marks the first anniversary of the January 6th Capitol insurrection, when President Donald Trump incited thousands of supporters to violently storm Congress, attempting to overturn the 2020 election. While the Republican Party descends into the cult of Trump, progressive activists across the country are fighting to expand voting rights and protect free and fair elections. One of democracy’s principle bulwarks is a free press. Sadly, with its ongoing prosecution of Wikileaks founder Julian Assange, the Biden administration is leading the attack on journalism, strengthening the hand of would-be autocrats everywhere.

      • Taliban Rules Bring Uncertainty for Provincial Media

        Uncertainty over restrictions for Afghanistan’s provincial media is making it impossible for journalists to work under the Taliban, local journalists and station managers say.

        Media need prior approval to cover news, in some provinces women are still not allowed to work, several stations have dropped entertainment segments, and others have stopped broadcasting altogether.

        On Monday, representatives from 85 local radio stations met with members of the Talban to ask the group to clarify its position on the media laws under the previous government. They also asked that female journalists be allowed to work.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • A New Year One for Gotham

        Few would vouch that de Blasio’s administration had lived up to Eric Alterman’s first-year hopes that the post-Bloomberg mayor would “use the power of the city government to make New York a fairer and more equal place for all its inhabitants.”

        Was the relentlessness of inequality since 2014, even well before the unexpected effects of COVID, merely due to de Blasio being the wrong choice to steer “the power of the city government,” or disgraced governor and sometime de Blasio foe Andrew Cuomo likewise mishandling state government, not the nature of government power itself?

      • Plans for Mass Shipments of High-Level Radioactive Waste Quietly Disclosed

        Last month US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff quietly reported preparing for tens of thousands of cross-country shipments of high-level radioactive waste from nuclear reactors to the desert Southwest. The oft-disparaged US infrastructure of decrepit of roads, faulty bridges, rickety rails, and rusty barges may not be ready for such an onrush of immensely heavy rad waste casks.

        Diane D’Arrigo, of Nuclear Information and Resource Service in Maryland, and Leona Morgan, with Nuclear Issues Study Group in New Mexico, report for NIRS that the transports would carry “the hottest, most concentrated atomic waste from the nuclear fuel chain, misleadingly dubbed “spent nuclear fuel. This radioactive waste can cause death in minutes if unshielded, and remains radioactive for literally millions of years; it is one of the most deadly materials on Earth.”

      • Free Jarvis Jay Masters!

        The California Committee on the Revision of the Penal Code released an advisory report in November 2021 that called for the state to end, once and for all, a capital punishment regime that hasn’t seen an execution at San Quentin State Prison since January 2006, when Clarence Ray Allen was executed at the age of 76. He went to the gas chamber just a month after the state killed the Nobel Prize–nominated Crip founder Stanley “Tookie” Williams. Both men had sought and been denied clemency from then-Goveror Arnold Schwarzenegger.

      • Minneapolis Oversight Board Says Police Department Should Ditch ‘Excited Delirium’ Training

        Excited delirium isn’t a medical condition. It’s just post-death rationalization that shifts the culpability for deaths at the hands of law enforcement to the corpses the cops created. This supposed medical diagnosis didn’t reach critical mass until the introduction of one of the most infamous “less-lethal” weapons ever created: the Taser.

      • Widespread Discontent Drove Labor’s Advances in the Private Sector in 2021
      • Full return to office is ‘dead,’ experts say — and remote is only growing

        Employees hold more cards than usual. One ace they have is a two-year track record of working from home without a drop in productivity — and many report an increase. Workers want remote options so they can cut out the commute, be their best both at home and at work, have more child care flexibility and reduce ongoing concerns about Covid exposure. It’s a reckoning for employers.

      • Dozens of protesters, 12 police dead in Kazakhstan protests

        One police officer was found beheaded in the unrest, which poses a growing challenge to authoritarian rule in the former Soviet republic.

      • Man, 41, arrested with fresh human parts in Lagos

        He further disclosed that an Islamic cleric, whose identity he did not reveal, told him to get the parts to prepare a sacrifice that would make him rich.

      • Christian killed after New Year’s prayer meeting

        “Attacks of this nature have been ongoing for the past 20 years and the silence is deafening,” he said.

        “While the government claims to be doing its best to curb the violence, the reality paints a different picture of a Muslim-led government allowing anti-Christian violence to continue without consequence.”

      • Taliban Orders To Close All General Baths For Women In Northern Balkh Province: Report

        According to the head of the DPVPV in Balkh province, the decision was taken after meetings with religious scholars, who are also known as Ulama. “Men are allowed to go to general baths as people do not have access to contemporary baths at home, while women are supposed to go to private baths while wearing hijab,” stated the DPVPV head as per Khaama News. Meanwhile, boys under the age of 18 are prohibited from using public baths, and body massage is prohibited in the baths. Local officials in western Herat province had previously temporarily closed women’s general baths, reported the Afghan media outlet.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • FCC Revisits Transparency ‘Nutrition Label’ For Broadband

        For years we’ve noted how broadband providers impose all manner of bullshit fees on your bill to drive up the cost of service post sale. They’ve also historically had a hard time being transparent about what kind of broadband connection you’re buying. As was evident back when Comcast thought it would be a good idea to throttle all upstream BitTorrent traffic (without telling anybody), or AT&T decided to cap the usage of its “unlimited” wireless users (without telling anybody), or Verizon decided to modify user packets to track its customers around the internet (without telling anybody).

    • Digital Restrictions (DRM)

      • How John Deere created its autonomous tractor

        Adding new brawn to the self-driving vehicle industry, John Deere unveiled a 40,000-pound autonomous tractor at this year’s Consumer Electronics Show that it says will be commercially available by the end of 2022.

        The system uses six pairs of stereo cameras combined with GPS guidance to drive a Deere 8R tractor with a chisel plow and the capability to tow other equipment. A farmer can put the tractor to work with a swipe of a smartphone app and then walk away to spend time with family or attend to other business, using the app to monitor the tractor’s progress plowing a field or performing some other task — and to receive alerts of anomalies the software doesn’t know how to handle. While it’s working, the tractor can also gather data about the health of crops in the field, the health and moisture content of the soil and other metrics.

    • Monopolies

      • Sen. Warren & Rep. Jayapal Want Google To Stop Asking For DOJ’s Kanter Recusal

        Following Kanter’s confirmation in the Senate in November, Google requested the DOJ review whether he should be recused from cases and investigations involving its business. Google cited Kanter’s prior work for its rivals like Yelp in antitrust matters involving its business, and pointed to previous statements about Google’s alleged dominance to argue he’d already made up his mind on its liability.

      • Sen. Warren and Rep. Jayapal tell Google to stop trying to ‘bully’ DOJ antitrust chief into recusal

        Sen. Elizabeth Warren, D-Mass., and Rep. Pramila Jayapal, D-Wash., told Google CEO Sundar Pichai on Wednesday to stop trying to “bully” Department of Justice antitrust chief Jonathan Kanter into recusal in a new letter shared exclusively with CNBC.

        “Google should focus on complying with antitrust law rather than attempting to rig the system with these unseemly tactics,” the lawmakers wrote.

      • Patents

        • Senator Tillis Holds Secret Meeting With IP Maximalists To Discuss A Single US ‘IP’ Agency

          Senator Thom Tillis is chock full of bad ideas about copyrights and patents — mostly focused on making things worse for the public by expanding the monopoly powers granted to patent and copyright holders. So I guess it comes as little surprise that he held a secret meeting that appears to have only been attended by copyright maximalists to talk about trying to merge the Copyright Office into the US Patent & Trademark Office.

        • Software Patents

          • Google Infringed on Sonos Speaker Technology, Trade Court Rules

            The final ruling by the United States International Trade Commission, a quasi-judicial body that decides trade cases and can block the import of goods that violate patents, closes a two-year investigation into the intellectual-property [sic] dispute.

            Sonos had asked the trade commission to block imports of Google products that the speaker company says infringes on its patents. They include Google Home smart speakers, Pixel phones and computers, and the Chromecast streaming video device. Those items are made in China and shipped to the United States.

          • Google Infringed On Multiple Sonos Patents, U.S. International Trade Commission Rules

            The underlying legal battle initiated in January of 2020, when Sonos formally accused Google of infringing upon five patents involving smart-speaker technology. And as part of the firmly worded complaints – Sonos filed two separate lawsuits – the 20-year-old audio company asked the ITC to bar Google from selling laptops, phones, and smart speakers alike in the United States.

            Google and Sonos had partnered in 2013 to bring Google Play Music support to the latter entity’s products. And Google, the patent-infringement actions claimed, had used proprietary information obtained through this partnership to lift Sonos’ multi-room speaker technology, purportedly violating a grand total of some 100 patents in the process.

          • Google: We disagree with Sonos patent ruling so much, we’ve changed our code to avoid infringement

            Those patents describe methods to manage the volume of multiple audio players on a network from a controller-like hub, pairing players, and so on.

            Sonos’ chief legal officer Eddie Lazarus told the New York Times: “We appreciate that the ITC has definitively validated the five Sonos patents at issue in this case and ruled unequivocally that Google infringes all five. That is an across-the-board win that is surpassingly rare in patent cases.”

            Google builds its gear in China and ships it to the US. Although the heavy-worded ruling seemingly affects Google’s ability to import a range of network-connected music-playing devices, from its Chromecast and Google Nest to Google Home and Pixel smartphones, in reality, Google is unlikely to be impacted by the ban, which takes effect in 60 days.

            That’s because after a warning shot last year from the ITC that Google was potentially infringing Sonos’s patents, Google pledged to make changes to its software and firmware to avoid violating that intellectual property.

      • Copyrights

        • Anti-Piracy Outfit Rightscorp’s Corporate Status is Void Due to Unpaid Tax Bills

          Rightscorp is a key evidence provider in several multi-million dollar piracy lawsuits and a trusted anti-piracy partner of the RIAA. The evidence provided by Rightscorp is not without controversy, however. The company itself has issues too, as the state of Delaware has voided its corporate status after it failed to pay more than $450,000 in taxes.

        • UK Online Piracy Increases Slightly But Over Five Years Remains Stable

          A new report published by the UK’s Intellectual Property Office reveals that online piracy was slightly up in 2021 versus the previous year. Overall, however, online piracy figures have remained fairly stable over the past five years, with some tentative signs that hardcore pirates are still on the wane.

        • Court Orders Twitter Reveal Anonymous Tweeter Over Sketchy Copyright Claim, Because That Tweeter Won’t Show Up In Court

          Back in November we wrote about a very bizarre attempt to abuse copyright law to uncover who was behind a Twitter account, @CallMeMoneyBags. That account tweeted out various things mocking and shaming various extremely wealthy people, including billionaire Brian Sheth, a private equity bro. Some of the tweets in the fall of 2020 lightly mocked Sheth, including suggesting potential infidelity. The images themselves appeared to be social media-type photos of young women (or possibly just one young woman).

01.07.22

Links 8/1/2022: Wine 7.0 RC5 and Kdenlive 21.12.1

Posted in News Roundup at 8:08 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • Librem 14 is Ideal for Enterprise Linux – Purism

        While many people think of enterprise computers in terms of systems running Windows or MacOS, there have long been millions of enterprise users running a GNU/Linux-based enterprise Linux distribution and entire industries where all employees run Linux. While sometimes this is for philosophical reasons, often it’s also for practical reasons: a Linux desktop is the ideal development environment for instance, for writing software for the Linux servers that dominate the cloud.

        Picking hardware for the enterprise that runs Linux can be challenging for IT departments, but the Librem 14 is a drop-in replacement for any existing enterprise Linux laptop and makes deploying Linux in the enterprise easy. In this post we will outline some of the reasons why the Librem 14 is the ideal laptop for enterprise Linux.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • Linux 5.17 GPU Updates: Raptor Lake, ADL-P Stable, Raspberry Pi 4K@60, AMD Seamless Boot – Phoronix

        While the Linux 5.17 merge window doesn’t open up until next week following Sunday’s Linux 5.16 stable debut, due to lead Direct Rendering Manager (DRM) subsystem maintainer David Airlie going on holiday next week he has sent out the feature pull early. Here is a look at the many GPU/display driver updates for this next kernel version.

        Some of the Linux 5.17 graphics/display driver highlights in the DRM subsystem include Alder Lake P graphics being declared stable (ADL-S was marked stable in Linux 5.16), initial Intel Raptor Lake S graphics support, continued DG2/Alchemist bring-up, support for laptop privacy screens within the DRM code, the Raspberry Pi VC4 DRM driver can now drive 4K @ 60Hz, AMD Seamless Boot for new hardware, and a variety of other improvements.

    • Applications

      • More bug reports for LiVES video editor

        Just a couple of things to fix and intend to release EasyOS 3.2. One of those “things” is LiVES — I like it, very sophisticated, small because written in C++, gtk3-based, uses system libraries, doesn’t have rampant dependencies like some other video editors. However, it is buggy, for me anyway.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to Upgrade to Linux Mint 20.3: The Right Way

        In this article, I will walk you through the steps needed to upgrade to Linux Mint 20.3 from 20.2.

        As we informed you previously, the stable version of Linux Mint 20.3 “Uma” is officially out. If you are using Linux Mint 20.2, then you should already receive notification for upgrade.

        The upgrade process for all three Linux Mint editions i.e. Cinnamon, MATE, and Xfce is same. Before proceeding ahead, please ensure that the computer has a working internet connection.

        Here’s our Linux Mint 20.2 system before we start the migration process.

      • Install and Configure GitLab on Debian 11.

        This time you will learn how to install and configure GitLab on Debian 11.

        GitLab is an open source code repository and collaborative software development platform for large DevOps and DevSecOps projects, written in Ruby and Go programming languages. It is quite a popular alternative to GitHub providing wiki, issue-tracking, and continuous integration and deployment pipeline features, using an open-source license, developed by GitLab Inc.

      • Lock your camera to a specific USB port in OBS | Opensource.com

        If you stream with OBS with multiple cameras on Linux, you might notice that cameras are loaded as they are detected during boot. You probably don’t give it much thought, normally, but if you have a permanent streaming setup with complex OBS templates, you need to know which camera in the physical world is going to show up in which screen in the virtual one. In other words, you don’t want to assign one device as Camera A today only to have it end up as Camera B tomorrow.

        To standardize a complex camera setup, you can impose some special rules on how cameras get assigned to locations in the Linux filesystem.

      • Writing Python applications, building Linux labs, and more tips for sysadmins | Enable Sysadmin

        Today, we are looking back at our top 10 articles of December to give you a chance to catch up on any of the great content you might have missed. In this list, you will see various topics covered, and we are confident that some, if not all, will be of interest to you.

      • Vimtutor – make VIM lot easier to Learn for newbies – TREND OCEANS

        Enable Sysadmin wrapped up 2021 with a strong December. During the month, we published 24 new articles and received more than 691,000 reads from more than 470,000 readers across the site. For the full year, we achieved nearly 95% more page views compared to 2020, which we hope means that we’re providing more sysadmins the information they need to do their jobs well.

      • Top 10 container guides for sysadmins | Enable Sysadmin

        Each year, I get the opportunity to write a brief piece about the top container articles of the year that were published on Enable Sysadmin. It is a great opportunity to review and reread the articles. I am happy to see that a couple of mine made the cut.

      • Three Ways To Connect Phone And Desktop! ~ The Linux Ecosystem ~ – Kockatoo Tube
      • Wireless network does not auto-reconnect in KDE

        Here’s an interesting, annoying little problem for you. Say you run a Linux machine, with the Plasma desktop as your UI of choice. You connect to a Wireless network, no sweat. But then, on reboot you discover that your system will not reconnect. The password is fine, and if you manually initiate the connection, everything works. Similarly, when you wake your machine (laptop) from sleep, there is no automatic reconnection to the access point. Manually, no problem.

        I discovered this issue in MX Linux MX-21 KDE recently. This is not something I’ve faced before, and I found this to be an unnecessary hurdle in an otherwise truly fine testing session. So I started looking through the system menus, and I soon found a rather simple, almost innocent and thus infuriating fix to this problem. Let’s see what gives.

      • How to View WebP Images on Ubuntu and Linux Mint

        If you’ve searched for images on Google (or any other search engine), you’ve probably come across WebP images at some point but were perhaps hesitant to download them because of potential compatibility issues.

        Fortunately, though, there are workarounds to view WebP images on a computer. If you’re on Linux, you can do this in a few different ways.

        In this guide, we’ll explain WebP and walk you through the steps to view WebP images on Ubuntu and Linux Mint.

      • How to Create a Kubernetes Cluster with AWS CLI

        Elastic Kubernetes Service (EKS) is a managed Kubernetes service that is hosted on AWS.

        The main reason for using EKS is to remove the burden of managing pods, nodes, etc. Running Kubernetes in AWS currently requires a great deal of technical expertise and often falls outside the wheelhouse of many organizations. With EKS, the required infrastructure is managed by Amazon’s “in-house” team, leaving users with a fully managed Kubernetes engine that can be used either via an API or standard kubectl tooling.

        EKS will support all Kubernetes features, including namespaces, security settings, resource quotas & tolerations, deployment strategies, autoscalers and more. EKS will allow you to run your own control plane, but also integrates with AWS IAM so you can maintain your own access control to the API.

      • How to install Webull Desktop on a Chromebook with Crossover

        Today we are looking at how to install Webull Desktop on a Chromebook with Crossover 21. Please follow the video/audio guide as a tutorial where we explain the process step by step and use the commands below.

      • Classic SysAdmin: How to Check Disk Space on Linux from the Command Line – Linux Foundation

        Quick question: How much space do you have left on your drives? A little or a lot? Follow up question: Do you know how to find out? If you happen to use a GUI desktop (e.g., GNOME, KDE, Mate, Pantheon, etc.), the task is probably pretty simple. But what if you’re looking at a headless server, with no GUI? Do you need to install tools for the task? The answer is a resounding no. All the necessary bits are already in place to help you find out exactly how much space remains on your drives. In fact, you have two very easy-to-use options at the ready.

    • Wine or Emulation

      • WineHQ – Wine Announcement – The Wine development release 7.0-rc5 is now available.
        The Wine development release 7.0-rc5 is now available.
        
        What's new in this release:
          - Bug fixes only, we are in code freeze.
        
        The source is available from the following locations:
        
        https://dl.winehq.org/wine/source/7.0/wine-7.0-rc5.tar.xz
        
        
        http://mirrors.ibiblio.org/wine/source/7.0/wine-7.0-rc5.tar.xz
        
        Binary packages for various distributions will be available from:
        
        https://www.winehq.org/download
        
        You will find documentation on https://www.winehq.org/documentation
        
        You can also get the current source directly from the git
        repository. Check https://www.winehq.org/git for details.
        
        Wine is available thanks to the work of many people. See the file
        AUTHORS in the distribution for the complete list.
        
      • Wine 7.0-rc5 Released With Another 30 Bugs Fixed – Phoronix

        Wine 7.0-rc5 is available for testing while the stable release of Wine 7.0.0 will be popped soon.

        The weekly release candidates of Wine 7.0 continue until being deemed in good enough shape for releasing v7.0.0 this month. In Wine 7.0-rc5 are another 30 bug fixes corrected this week.

        Among the fixes this week are for Roblox Player, Tropico 2, Logos Bible Software, Dying Light, Fallout 2, Cygwin, MSBuild, and a variety of other Windows games and applications.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • Reunited after a decade – Kai Uwe’s Blog

          It’s been more than ten years since Dolphin, KDE’s versatile file manager, introduced its own custom QGraphicsView-based view engine. With that came more detailed view modes with grouping support, animated transitions, and a new places panel with sections. Unfortunately, it is all based on a now long-abandoned “Itemviews NG” project, and is inherently incompatible with Qt’s traditional model-view code used elsewhere in KDE.

        • KDE Plasma will put the turbo to finish implementing Wayland

          The project KDE has lived a very busy year 2021 due to the endless migration of Kwin to Wayland, the graphical protocol that has become the greatest eternal promise of the Linux desktop. But new years, new goals (or maybe not so much), so Nate Graham has posted on your blog a summary or part of the roadmap of KDE Plasma by 2022.

          To begin with, from the desktop environment they will continue polishing on those fronts where they still have to put things in order. For example, Nate Graham has recognized that language and format settings has so far been problematic because of overlap. Luckily, contributor Han Young is working to merge both sections and make appear on a single page. In this way, it would be clearer what is established in the system and, at the very least, it would make the possibility of incompatible configurations more difficult.

          Another point that will be renewed are the Breeze icons, Breeze in English. Designer Ken Vermette is working on modernizing and enhancing the Color Breeze icon theme to round out and soften them, as well as removing ugly and old elements like long shadows. On the other hand, the monochrome icons will also be renewed, all with the intention that both icon themes look better combined with the colors of the system and therefore polish the aesthetic finish.

        • Maui Report 17 – MauiKit — #UIFramework

          Today, we bring you a new report on the Maui Project’s progress.

          Maui 2.1 was released almost two months ago, and since then new features, bug fixes, and improvements have been made to the Maui set of apps and frameworks; the following blog post will cover some of the changes and highlights from the last month of development.

        • Kdenlive 21.12.1 released | Kdenlive

          The first maintenance release of the 21.12 series is out with fixes to ripple mode, project archiving and multiple bins. This version also enforces to transcode footage with variable framerates to a standard framerate value.

        • Wallpaper Livestream (Part 2, Sunday January 9th)

          For everyone who didn’t have a chance to attend, in the last livestream we started with the above sketch done in Krita and experimented with a new method on-the-fly where we leaned into Inkscapes snapping features to create a 3D mesh by hand, with the plan to use the built-in “Restacking” tool to enable hand-drawn polygons with “perfect” edges. While the mesh method was a rousing success and testing the restack feature gave ideal results, near the end of the stream it was realized that watching me draw triangles for several hours was not a hip idea, so I decided to take the remainder of the more tedious work offline.

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • Felix Häcker: #25 The Big 1.0

          Update on what happened across the GNOME project in the week from December 31 to January 07.

          We wish everyone a Happy New Year! The new year starts right with a “Big 1.0”, Libadwaita – an important cornerstone for GNOME apps, had its first stable release!

    • Distributions

      • New Releases

      • Screenshots/Screencasts

      • PCLinuxOS/Mageia/Mandriva/OpenMandriva Family

      • SUSE/OpenSUSE

        • openSUSE Tumbleweed – Review of the week 2022/01 – Dominique a.k.a. DimStar (Dim*)

          First off, welcome to twenty-twenty-two, the year of the Linux desktop (wasn’t it?). The year is kicking off strong with openSUSE Tumbleweed – but not with daily snapshots: openQA did not agree with some of the changes (i.e one snapshot caused all non-x86_64 architectures to fail to boot, one snapshot had a broken virtualization stack, and of course, none of that made it to you, our users). Despite all that, we published 4 snapshots during this week: 20220101, 0102, 0103, and 0106.

      • Slackware Family

        • My Docker packages for Slackware-current

          I have been using Docker for a while now, it’s being used to provide services to friends and family.
          I was always intimidated by the large amount of packages that were needed to get Docker and docker-compose up and running, and I did not have experience with Docker at the time (almost two years ago) so I decided to go the easy route and use the SlackBuilds.org scripts when I first needed to run a Docker container. I wrote a blog about that even, it explained how to run an Outline server to allow journalists to do their work in repressive countries but the article also shares the details how to build the Docker packages and run the daemon.

          If you want to read some background information about Docker’s strength and what its use-cases are, I encourage you to start reading here: https://docs.docker.com/get-started/overview/ .
          Essentially, Docker uses Linux kernel and filesystem capabilities to isolate an application and its dependencies from the host computer it is being executed on. Docker provides powerful means to connect multiple containers via internal (virtual) networking and can expose ports to the network outside of your container. It enables you to run applications reliably without having to worry about the underlying Operating system. You can even run Docker on a MS Windows computer but your containerized application running inside Docker will not be aware of that.
          This is sometimes called ‘light-weight virtualization’ because unlike real virtualization solutions like QEMU, Virtual Box or VMWare, the containerized application still runs on your host’s kernel. This is why you can run a 32-bit container image on a 64-bit (Linux 64-bit kernel has that capability to execute 32-bit binaries) host but you cannot run a 64-bit image on a 32-bit host kernel.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • IBM’s original ‘Linux man’ Irving Wladawsky-Berger: A New Measurement Framework for the Digital Economy

          Several weeks ago I heard a very interesting keynote presentation by Cambridge professor Diane Coyle at the annual workshop of the Stanford Digital Economy Lab, – What Don’t We Know About Measuring the Digital Economy? Professor Coyle is also a research associate of the UK Economics Statistics Centre of Excellence. In 2017 she was a recipient of the Indigo Prize on how to measure economic activity in the digital economy for her essay Making the Future Count, co-authored with Benjamin Mitra-Kahn.

          “GDP captures only market transactions at the price of exchange, and not the welfare gains, externalities, environment, distribution of wealth or innovation which occurs in an economy,” wrote the authors. “Hence almost since its creation in the 1940s it has been criticised for its inability to capture economic welfare. Now changes in the economy, being restructured by digital technology and paying the price for unsustainable growth, make the case for a new measurement framework more pressing than ever. GDP was never an ideal measure of economic welfare and its suitability has been decreasing.”

          Gross Domestic Product (GDP) became the accepted international measure of economies in the1940s. While being a good measure for the 20th century industrial economy, GDP is a flawed measure for the 21st century economy. It was suitable when the economy was dominated by the production of physical goods, but GDP doesn’t adequately capture the growing share of services and other intangible assets that now characterize advanced economies. Nor does it reflect important economic activity beyond production, such as income, consumption and living standards.

        • Remi Collet: PHP version 8.0.15RC1 and 8.1.2RC1

          Release Candidate versions are available in testing repository for Fedora and Enterprise Linux (RHEL / CentOS) to allow more people to test them. They are available as Software Collections, for a parallel installation, perfect solution for such tests, and also as base packages.

          RPM of PHP version 8.1.2RC1 are available as SCL in remi-test repository and as base packages in the remi-php81-test repository for Fedora 33-34 and Enterprise Linux.

          RPM of PHP version 8.0.15RC1 are available as SCL in remi-test repository and as base packages in the remi-test repository for Fedora 35 or in the remi-php80-test repository for Fedora 33-34 and Enterprise Linux.

        • Fedora Community Blog: Friday’s Fedora Facts: 2022-01

          Here’s your weekly Fedora report. Read what happened this week and what’s coming up. Your contributions are welcome (see the end of the post)!

          I have weekly office hours on Wednesdays in the morning and afternoon (US/Eastern time) in #fedora-meeting-1. Drop by if you have any questions or comments about the schedule, Changes, elections, or anything else. See the upcoming meetings for more information.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • Linux Mint 20.3 “Una” released [LWN.net]

          Linux Mint has announced its 20.3 (“Una”) release for three different desktop environments: the Cinnamon, MATE, and Xfce editions. Mint 20.3 is a long-term support release, with support lasting until 2025. Each edition comes with a long list of new features (Cinnamon, MATE, and Xfce) and detailed release notes (Cinnamon, MATE, and Xfce).

        • Ubuntu-on-a-phone crowd fix Google account issues in new Touch update

          While some smartphone users are pondering when their next Android or iOS update will hit, the UBports foundation has released one for the Ubuntu Touch mobile operating system in the form of OTA-21.

          Still based on the Ubuntu 16.04 (although the team continues to work on 20.04) the update is due to hit supported devices (from the Google Pixel 3a to OnePlus hardware) during the coming week and has a number of useful tweaks.

          The most immediately visible is a change to what UBports call “the Greeter” (or the thing that appears when a user wants to unlock their device.) It’s all a bit slicker now, and has a different appearance depending on PIN or password selection. The storage statistics display has also received an overhaul and the Tamil language font added.

    • Devices/Embedded

      • Horizon X3 AI development board is powered by Sunrise 3 AI Edge Arm processor – CNX Software

        After asking for some details, I was just told the SDK is based on Linux.

      • CEEFAX Lives! (Courtesy Of A Raspberry Pi) | Hackaday

        As analogue TV slides from memory, there’s a facet of it that’s fondly remembered by a band of enthusiasts. Teletext was an electronic viewdata information service digitally encoded in the frame blanking period, and a TV set with a decoder chip would provide access to many pages of news and other services all displayed in the characteristic brightly colored block graphics. It went the way of the dinosaur with the demise of analog TV, but for [Nathan Dane] the flame is kept alive with his own private version of the BBC’s CEEFAX service.

      • Fanless Alder Lake-S system supports extended temperatures

        Vecow’s rugged “ECX-3000” runs Linux on a 12th Gen Alder Lake processor. The fanless embedded system has up to 8x 2.5G LAN with 4 PoE+, optional 2x 10GigE LAN, 4x front-access M.2 SSD trays, DC 9-50V and 40 to 75°C extended temperature support.

      • Open Hardware/Modding

        • Slither: A Visual Pedometer That Sheds Light | Hackaday [Ed: Surveillance through "apps", which isn't good at all]

          Have you already broken that New Year’s resolution to get more exercise? Yeah, us too. Maybe the problem is simply that we didn’t gamify the goal. A simple visual aid that shows your progress can help make a goal more achievable and easier to stick to, day after January day. That’s the idea behind [skhackett]’s Slither, the visual pedometer.

          [...]

          Although Slither uses the Fit Bit app, no actual Fit Bit is required — great news for those of us who don’t like to wear accessories.

        • Tiny LED Matrix Panels Tile Together Perfectly | Hackaday

          There’s a lot to admire about LED matrix projects, which more often than not end up looking really cool. But most of them rely on RGB matrix panels sourced from the surplus market, and while there’s nothing wrong with that, building your own tiny, tileable LED matrix panels makes these builds just a little bit cooler.

          There’s a lot to admire about these matrix panels, not least of which is the seamless way they tile together. But to get to that point, [sjm4306] had a lot of prep work to do. He started with a much simpler 5×7 array, using the popular WS2812 RGB LEDs on a custom PCB. With a little practice under his belt, it was time to move to the much smaller SK6805 LEDs, which were laid out in an 8×8 matrix. The board layout is about as compact as it can be; [sjm4306] reports that it pushed the PCB fab to their limits, but he ended up with LEDs spaced perfectly on the board and just enough margin to keep consistent spacing in two dimensions when the boards are adjacent to each other.

        • Board with 25 RGB LEDs is offered with ESP32-C3 or ESP32-Pico-D4 – CNX Software

          In case you are in need of a tiny WiFI or Bluetooth-connected board with an RGB LED matrix, two have shown up on Banggood with basically the same 25 RGB LED design , except “C3FH4 RGB” board is based on ESP32-C3 RISC-V SoC, while the other, named “PICO D4 RGB“, features ESP32-Pico-D4 SiP (System-in-Package).

        • PsyLink An Open Source Neural Interface For Non-Invasive EMG | Hackaday

          We don’t see many EMG (electromyography) projects, despite how cool the applications can be. This may be because of technical difficulties with seeing the tiny muscular electrical signals amongst the noise, it could be the difficulty of interpreting any signal you do find. Regardless, [hut] has been striving forwards with a stream of prototypes, culminating in the aptly named ‘Prototype 8’

          The current prototype uses a main power board hosting an Arduino Nano 33 BLE Sense, as well as a boost converter to pump up the AAA battery to provide 5 volts for the Arduino and a selection of connected EMG amplifier units. The EMG sensor is based around the INA128 instrumentation amplifier, in a pretty straightforward configuration. The EMG samples along with data from the IMU on the Nano 33 BLE Sense, are passed along to a connected PC via Bluetooth, running the PsyLink software stack. This is based on Python, using the BLE-GATT library for BT comms, PynPut handing the PC input devices (to emit keyboard and mouse events) and tensorflow for the machine learning side of things. The idea is to use machine learning from the EMG data to associate with a specific user interface event (such as a keypress) and with a little training, be able to play games on the PC with just hand/arm gestures. IMU data are used to augment this, but in this demo, that’s not totally clear.

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • 30 startups that show how open source ate the world in 2021 | VentureBeat

        It has been a busy year in the open source software sphere, from high-profile license changes to critical zero-day vulnerabilities that sent businesses into meltdown. But in among all the usual excitement that permeates the open source world, countless open source startups launched new products, attracted venture capitalist’s (VC) money, and generally reminded us of the role that open source plays in today’s technological landscape — including the data sovereignty and digital autonomy it promises companies of all sizes.

        Here, we take a look at some of the fledgling commercial open source companies that gained traction in the past year, revealing where enterprises and investors are betting on the power of community-driven software.

      • Try FreeDOS in 2022 | Opensource.com

        Throughout the 1980s and into the 1990s, DOS was king of the desktop. Not satisfied with a proprietary version of DOS, programmers worldwide worked together to create an open source version of DOS called FreeDOS, which first became available in 1994. The FreeDOS Project continues to grow in 2021 and beyond.

        We’ve run several articles about FreeDOS on Opensource.com to help new users get started with FreeDOS and learn new programs.

      • Web Browsers

        • Mozilla

          • After heavy criticism: Mozilla Foundation no longer accepts donations in crypto money

            The Mozilla Foundation will no longer accept donations in cryptocurrency until further notice. Recently the foundation, which develops the free internet programs Firefox and Thunderbird, publicly reminded that donations are also accepted in crypto money. There was then strong criticism from many quarters that the generation of crypto currencies is climate-hostile and wastes energy.

            The Mozilla project explains on Twitter that the criticism has been received and the discussion about the impact of cryptocurrencies on the environment is being heard. Mozilla now wants to examine in detail whether crypto money is compatible with its own climate goals. This process is carried out transparently in the sense of open source.

          • Firefox skeleton will download latest Firefox

            As we have ongoing issues with SeaMonkey, not working properly on some sites, we need to be able to easily install Firefox, Chromium or Chrome browsers. I very much like the SM suite, so want to keep it builtin to EasyOS.

            There are Firefox and Chromium SFS files, that can be downloaded via the “sfsget” icon on the desktop; however, I want a mechanism that is a single-click to install one of these browsers, and also a single-click (or a couple of clicks) to update to the latest version.

            So, I have created a PET ‘firefox-skel-ask’, that is just a skeleton, with various configuration files for Firefox. Most importantly, it has an entry in the menu “Internet -> Download latest Firefox”.

            First time you run this, it will download the latest version of Firefox, which right now is 95.0.2, and will set it up to run as user “firefox”. That is, it will run non-root, for enhanced security, and it’s home will be /home/firefox

      • SaaS/Back End/Databases

        • Snowflake named DBMS of the year by DB-Engines • The Register

          It is joined in the top three by three-times previous winner PostgreSQL, which came second, and third-placed MongoDB, which took the top prize in 2014 and 2015.

          Rather than measuring database popularity on revenue — which would skew against FOSS systems — or basing its findings on downloads — which would include software downloaded for hobbyists, pilots, and tinkerers — DB-Engines bases its popularity score by amalgamating metrics.

      • Productivity Software/LibreOffice/Calligra

        • LibreOffice: The Klingons and Interslavs are already here – The Document Foundation Blog

          We happily report that Klingons have – at this point – not taken over control of the LibreOffice bug-tracker.

          While Klingon language support still ranks somewhat low among issues thought not to be essential, the federation that is LibreOffice 7.3 will also bring Interslavic support to the mix when released come early February.

          Since you were wondering, Interslavic is an artificial language meant to operate in the cross-section of Slavic interlingualism.

          Targ-herders everywhere are reportedly mildly pleased. The synergy in KSL (Klingon as second language) regions is a potato harvest that we can all appreciate.

          Undeterred by the confines of a monogalactic community of translators, LibreOffice numbers are growing. Hundreds of millions or earthlings alone now have powerful tools honed in their native languages.

      • Programming/Development

        • Perl/Raku

          • Eertree: Palindromic Tree

            The Task 2 of the Weekly Challenge #145 asked us to build a Palindromic Tree. It also linked to a blog post explaining the “Eertree” data structure.

            Maybe it was just me, but I found the blog post confusing. Fortunately, it further linked to a scientific paper that introduced the structure around 2014.

            I spent several evenings of the Christmas holidays wrapping my head around the description of the algorithm to efficiently build the graph. Most of it is described in the proof of Proposition 2, but some parts are rather laconic. I wasn’t able to implement the creation of a suffix link from P where |P| > 1.

  • Leftovers

    • Publishers Clearing House Odds: Not Particularly Good

      America has quite a long history of lotteries and sweepstakes. Even George Washington participated as an investor in a lottery that included land, livestock and people (i.e. slaves) as prizes. The primary modern distinction between a lottery and a sweepstakes is that the latter cannot require purchase for entry. Otherwise, they effectively operate the same. States have a monopoly on lotteries. But sweepstakes can be very lucrative for private enterprise.

      Industry experts told the New York Times that the industry hit a stride in the 1960s as consumer products struggled to gain attention in an increasingly crowded space. One company, D.L. Blair, estimated it controlled some 80 percent of the corporate sweepstakes market (like the ones in children’s breakfast cereal) in 1979. However, it was the publishing industry that realized the full power of sweepstakes in driving sales, especially for magazine subscription. Reader’s Digest was one of the first to the party in 1962 having awarded nearly a million dollars a year until the end of the 1970s.

      The sweepstakes explosion in the 1960s and 70s led to a unique situation where magazine publishers were often paying out more to non-subscribers or the “no purchase necessary to enter” crowd than to those who subscribed. By 1979, Publishers Clearing House (PCH) had distributed over $7 million to some 2.3 million winners, most of whom weren’t driving revenue to the company.

    • Science

      • How Do Capacitors Work? | Hackaday

        If you are like [The Science Asylum], you might wonder how a capacitor can work since, at their core, they are nothing more than a gap filled with air or another insulator. He explains how in a recent video you can see below.

        Of course, at DC, a capacitor doesn’t conduct any better than the insulator used as its dielectric. However, a DC voltage has to start sometime and when it does, it briefly looks like AC. The video explains it all in simple terms. Of course, if you are math savvy, you can probably get as much out of the normal C=dQ/dV equation.

        If that doesn’t speak to you, the explanation in the video about charges will shed some light. He even shows an animation of the classic “hydraulic model”, which is helpful to develop intuition about the process.

    • Hardware

      • How Many Wires Do You Need To Measure A Resistor? | Hackaday

        Measuring resistance doesn’t seem to be a big deal. Put your meter leads across two wires or terminals and read the value, right? Most of the time that is good enough, but sometimes you need better methods and for those, you need more wires, as [FesZ] explains in his recent video that you can see below.

        In the usual case, the meter applies a known voltage and measures the current which, by Ohm’s law, gives you the resistance. It is also possible to control the current and measure the voltage — doesn’t matter. [FesZ] shows how many meters measure voltage across a known resistor and the unknown so that a precision voltage or current source isn’t necessary.

      • Tiger Boy Advance Is A 90s Kid Dream Come True | Hackaday

        From the release of the DMG-01 in 1989 until the final Micro variant hit store shelves in 2005, the Nintendo Game Boy line represented the epitome of handheld gaming for hundreds of millions of players. But that’s not to say there weren’t a wide array of other handheld systems that aimed to chip away at the Japanese gaming giant’s monopoly. SEGA and Sony released high-tech systems that brought impressive technical innovations, while Tiger Electronics famously took the opposite approach with ultra-cheap handhelds that leveraged simplistic games based on popular children’s franchises.

        [Chris Downing] had to make do with these budget Tiger games as a child, and now as an adult, he’s determined to made things right with the Tiger Boy Advance. As the name implies, this retro hybrid combines the look and feel of a branded Tiger game with the power and software compatibility of a legitimate Nintendo Game Boy Advance (GBA) circa 2001. It even sprinkles in some modern niceties, like USB-C charging and a backlit display. While most of its charm is probably lost on anyone who didn’t grow up within a fairly narrow range of years, the video below seems to prove that even modern kids can appreciate this one-of-a-kind creation.

      • A Savage Discussion Of Measurement And Accuracy | Hackaday

        Then, out come the Big Guns. The ceramic blocks so flat that… well you’ll just have to watch it. But the discussion goes deep into nanometers, microns, and jeweled movements.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Security

          • Reproducible Builds (diffoscope): diffoscope 199 released

            The diffoscope maintainers are pleased to announce the release of diffoscope version 199. This version includes the following changes:

            [ Chris Lamb ]

            * Support both variants of “odt2txt”, including the one provided by unoconv.

            (Closes: reproducible-builds/diffoscope#298)

            [ Jelle van der Waa ]

            * Add external tool reference on Arch Linux for xb-tool.

          • WordPress Releases Security Update

            WordPress versions between 3.7 and 5.8 are affected by multiple vulnerabilities. Exploitation of some of these vulnerabilities could cause a denial of service condition.

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • Windows 10 is a data privacy nightmare

              all those surveillance and “in app trying to sell something” make it way slower than Win 7… which is not good for a company that want’s to be productive (security, reliability, speed, speed, speed)

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • FOSS Patents: Texas-based Estech Systems targets car makers Toyota and BMW in rapidly expanding VoIP patent assertion campaign

          There’s a gut instinct when a patent holder based in the Lone Star State files patent infringement lawsuits in the Eastern District of Texas against famous companies: “Oh, another non-practicing entity.” (or “troll” as some would call it)

          While Cisco dislikes certain patent enforcement tactics employed by Estech Systems (“ESI”), Estech is not a “patent troll.” According to its website, the company was founded in 1987 and “has sold over 400,000 phone systems and deployed more than three million phones nationwide.” ESI claims to have been “the first company to build a truly combined telephone and voice mail system, as well as the first to build a purely IP-based business communications system, and has numerous patents granted or pending on its products’ unique designs and capabilities.”

      • Copyrights

        • It’s about time to give the music producer her/his copyright due – The IPKat

          Every songwriting process is a different story. You can get a closer look at it by watching ‘Diary of a song’ by The New York Times on YouTube, and documentaries such as Ed Sheeran’s ‘Songwriter’, or Shawn Mendes ‘In Wonder’. But all these stories have something in common. Nowadays, the song is usually composed using samples and artificial instruments.

          [...]

          Currently, a case may reach the Polish Supreme Court (a cassation appeal has been filed, but the Supreme Court has not yet decided whether to accept the case), in which the author of the entire arrangement of the song was not recognized as the co-author by the Court of Appeal. The judge ruled that the music producer created only a derivative work because lyrics and vocal melody could constitute a separate work.

          In this author’s view, if the music producer participates in the composing process, even if the work has several versions in the meantime, he should be considered as a co-author. However, if a music producer engages in a separate, independent process of creation, he/she should be recognized as an author of the derivative work. The clearest manifestation of the unity of the creative process is the cooperation in creating the final version of the work, based on mutual exchange of comments, guidelines, acceptance of stages of the creative process and versions of the work.

Links 7/1/2022: Krita 5.0.2 and ChimeraOS 29

Posted in News Roundup at 4:30 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Server

      • Kubernetes is Moving on From Dockershim: Commitments and Next Steps

        Kubernetes is removing dockershim in the upcoming v1.24 release. We’re excited to reaffirm our community values by supporting open source container runtimes, enable a smaller kubelet, and increase engineering velocity for teams using Kubernetes. If you use Docker Engine as a Container Runtime for your Kubernetes cluster, get ready to migrate to 1.24! To check if you’re affected, refer to Check whether dockershim deprecation affects you.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • Hackaday Podcast 150: Blackberry Runs Out Of Juice, NODE Has Your Pinouts, Rats Learn DOOM, And 2021 Is Done | Hackaday

        Join Hackaday Editor-in-Chief Elliot Williams and Managing Editor Tom Nardi as they ring in the New Year with the first podcast episode of 2022. We get the bad news out early for those still thumbing away at their Blackberries, then pivot into some of the highlights from over the holidays such as the release of NODE’s The Pinouts Book and the discovery of a few expectation-defying OpenSCAD libraries. We’ll look at modifying a water cooler with Ghidra, and the incredible technology that let’s historians uncover the hidden history of paintings. Oh, and we’ll also talk about all the best and most important stories of the last 12 months. There’s a lot of ground to cover, so get comfortable.

      • This Week in Linux 179: Lost Torvalds Talk Found, Maui Shell, Krita, Darktable, OBS Studio

        On this episode of This Week in Linux, a Christmas Gift from Jon Maddog Hall of Linus talk from DECUS 1994, Krita 5.0, Darktable 3.8, OBS Studio 27.2 Flatpaks & Red Hat, OpenRGB 0.7, Firefox 95, GIMP 2.10.30, AppImage Pool: App Store for AppImages, Libadwaita 1.0, Enlightenment 0.25, Maui Shell: Convergent Desktop, Tails 4.25, Kali Linux 2021.4, Calculate Linux 22, Steam Winter Sale & Steam Awards, PS5 Controller as a Linux Touchpad! All that and much more on Your Weekly Source for Linux GNews!

    • Kernel Space

      • Linux 5.17 AArch64 Code Has SME Preparations, Adds KCSAN Support – Phoronix

        While the Linux 5.17 merge window hasn’t opened up yet, there have been a few early pull requests sent out this week ahead of this imminent next kernel cycle. One of those already sent out is the ARM64/AArch64 CPU architecture code updates for Linux 5.17.

        Linux 5.17′s 64-bit ARM code has a few feature items at play and a lot of code cleaning / preparations for future kernel cycles. This pull is just about the architecture work and not the Arm platform/DT updates for new SoC and hardware support, which will be sent separately as a PR during the merge window.

      • Linux 5.17 Picking Up Support For New NVIDIA Spectrum-4 Network ASIC – Phoronix

        As part of the plethora of networking changes for Linux 5.17, NVIDIA is introducing support for Spectrum-4 networking ASICs.

        For Linux on the NVIDIA (Mellanox) Spectrum Open Ethernet Switches there is the MLXSW driver for supporting the Ethernet Switch ASICs. That Mellanox network driver has supported Spectrum, Spectrum-2, and Spectrum3- families of Ethernet switches while queued up now in time for Linux 5.17 is Spectrum-4 support.

        With the latest NVIDIA Spectrum SN4000 series Ethernet switches being based on Spectrum-3, it doesn’t appear there is any Spectrum-4 hardware out yet in the marketplace.

      • Linux 5.17 Random Number Generator Seeing Speed-Ups, Switching From SHA1 To BLAKE2s – Phoronix

        Ahead of the Linux 5.17 merge window officially opening next week, random (RNG) subsystem maintainer Jason Donenfeld has submitted an exciting batch of updates for this next kernel cycle.

        As covered at the end of December, Linux is replacing SHA1 usage with BLAKE2s as part of its entropy extractor code. The BLAKE2s code is not only more secure than SHA1 but also faster. This BLAKE2s usage was found to improve the entropy extraction by 131%.

      • Intel develops an exclusive firmware update driver for Linux – itsfoss.net

        Intel is implementing a feature support for the motherboards that, at least for now, will be Linux exclusive, a detail that is not usually the norm in the hardware world, where Windows is the highest priority in almost 100% of cases, even for Intel, which is practically the manufacturer that best supports Linux.

        Being more specific, Intel has introduced a future Linux 5.17 driver called “pfr_update” that will make use of the specification Platform Firmware Runtime Update and Telemetry ACPI (PFRUT), which allows updating a BIOS or UEFI without the need to reboot. For now this feature will not reach Windows, but who doubts that this exclusivity aims to be ephemeral.

        It doesn’t take a lynx to realize that Intel’s priority of Linux over Windows is due to the use of PFRUT I know will focus on servers, where workloads often cannot be interrupted. The ACPI specification will allow BIOS / UEFI updates to be carried out on the fly, thus eliminating, at least on paper, a potential outage scenario. In addition, it also incorporates a controller to read telemetry data from the firmware in a standardized way.

      • Linux Hibernation Documentation – Tookmund – A place for my random thoughts about software

        Recently I’ve been curious about how hibernation works on Linux, as it’s an interesting interaction between hardware and software. There are some notes in the Arch wiki and the kernel documentation (as well as some kernel documentation on debugging hibernation and on sleep states more generally), and of course the ACPI Specification

      • Graphics Stack

    • Benchmarks

      • AMD Radeon Open-Source Linux GPU Driver Performance: 2020 vs. 2021

        Across dozens of articles over the past year I have covered a variety of different open-source AMD Radeon Linux graphics driver optimizations from their kernel driver through their Mesa RadeonSI Gallium3D driver and the popular RADV Vulkan driver, among other interesting open-source AMD contributions. For those wondering what the cumulative gain was for 2021 from all these AMD graphics driver changes, here are some end-of-year 2020 vs. 2021 benchmarks across a number of different Linux games while testing on Vega, Navi, and Navi 2 graphics cards.

        Today’s article is summing up the overall impact of AMD’s 2021 Linux graphics driver optimizations. For reasonably looking at that cumulative impact the following software configurations were tested…

    • Applications

      • qBittorrent 4.4 Open-Source BitTorrent Client Adds an Official AppImage, Qt 6 Support

        After more than half a year of development, qBittorrent 4.4 is finally and it’s the first stable release of popular BitTorrent client to offer a pre-compiled binary in the AppImage universal binary format for GNU/Linux distributions.

        The good news is that it’s now a lot easier to run qBittorrent on your favorite distro. Created on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS, the AppImage doesn’t require installation and uses the latest versions of the Qt 6, libtorrent, Boost, and OpenSSL libraries.

      • mop – terminal-based stock market tracker

        A stock ticker is a report of the price of specific securities, updated continuously throughout the trading session by the various stock market exchanges.

        The term “tick” refers to a change in a security’s price from one trade to the next. A stock ticker displays these ticks, along with other relevant information, like trading volume, that investors and traders use to stay informed about current market conditions and the interest in that particular security.

        The ticker provides current information for certain stocks, including the ticker symbol (the one-to four-letter code that represents a particular stock), quantity traded (volume for each transaction), price, a green “up” arrow if the price is higher than the previous day’s closing value, a red “down” arrow if the price is lower, and the net price change (either as a monetary amount or percentage) from the previous day’s close.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • 5 Best Practices for Securing SSH

        Strictly following security best practices is the first step to cybersecurity. Although SSH is the industry standard for both security and efficacy for remote server access, as with any software, SSH is only as secure as configurations applied to the server and client configurations.

        In this article, we’ll explore five SSH best practices you should observe to boost the security of your infrastructure.

      • VPN as a Dev Tool

        Personally, I’ve started to use a VPN between my workstation, laptop, and mobile devices. I could imagine it starting to be useful for hybrid development – running some services locally and others in the cloud. Of course, this whole setup could be leapfrogged once we move to remote development.

      • Toward a Best-of-Both-Worlds Binary Disassembler

        Binary disassembly is surprisingly difficult. Many disassembly tasks (e.g., code/data disambiguation and function boundary detection) are undecidable and require meticulous heuristics and algorithms to cover the wide range of real-world binary semantics. An ideal disassembler has two key properties: (1) transparency, meaning that its underlying logic is accessible and interpretable, and (2) mutability, meaning that it permits ad hoc interaction and refinement. Unfortunately, despite the abundance of disassembly tools available today, none have both transparency and mutability. Most off-the-shelf disassemblers (e.g., objdump, Dyninst, McSema, and Angr) perform “run-and-done” disassembly, and while their underlying heuristics and algorithms are indeed open source, even the slightest of changes (e.g., toggling on a heuristic) requires a complete rebuild of the tool and regeneration of the disassembly. In contrast, popular commercial disassemblers like IDA Pro and Binary Ninja provide rich interfaces for user-written plugins, yet these tools are almost entirely proprietary, making it impossible to fully vet where their core heuristics and algorithms fall short. Thus, reverse engineers are left to choose between two classes of disassemblers: those full of ambiguity or those with zero flexibility.

        In this blog post, I introduce our vision for a best-of-both-worlds (transparent and mutable) platform for binary disassembly. Our approach was inspired by recent disassembly tools like ddisasm and d3re, which use the Soufflé Datalog engine. Dr. Disassembler uses Trail of Bits’ in-house incremental and differential Datalog engine, Dr. Lojekyll, to specify the disassembly process. Below, I describe how Dr. Disassembler’s relational view of disassembly is a step toward transparent, mutable disassembly—streamlining the integration of new heuristics, algorithms, and retroactive updates—without the need to perform de novo disassembly per every incremental update.

      • How to add users to Jira boards

        Jira is a popular task management tools used across multiple industries. It is exceptionally popular in IT and is built to be used with the Agile framework but if you know how to use and organize things in Jira, you can use it in almost any field.

      • How to install PrestoDB with Podman – NextGenTips

        In this article, we are going to learn how to install PrestoDB with Podman.

        Presto is a high-performance, distributed SQL query engine for big data, its architecture allows users to query a variety of data sources such as Hadoop, AWS S3, Teradata, Cassandra, Kafka, etc. You can even query data from multiple sources within a single query.

      • How to install Proxmox VE on Linux | FOSS Linux

        Proxmox virtual environment, popularly known as Proxmox VE, is an open-source server virtualization software based on Debian Linux in conjunction with RHEL kernel, which is modified to permit you to generate and set up new virtual machines for private servers and containers with unified storage for improved efficiency.

        This software offers two versions of virtualizations. The first is containers with LXC, and full virtualization with KVM comes as the second. Virtualization is the basis of cloud computing as it allows for more proficient usage of physical PC hardware.

      • How to Install VMware Tools (OpenVM Tools) on Ubuntu 20.04 / 22.04 LTS – LinuxCapable

        Sometimes you may want to install an Ubuntu desktop or server on a virtual machine. However, you may have realized that communication between the host and the VM machine doesn’t exist. Luckily, many distributions now carry the open-source VM tools that can be used for many of the most popular Virtual Machine products such as VMware.

        In the following small tutorial, you will learn how to install these tools on either Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa or Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish server or desktop environment.

      • How to Set a Custom SSH Warning Banner or MOTD in Linux

        SSH banner warnings are necessary when companies or organizations want to display a stern warning to discourage unauthorized parties from accessing a server.

        These warnings appear immediately before the password prompt, informing unauthorised users who are about to log in of the implications of doing so. Typically, these warnings represent legal consequences that unauthorised users may face if they continue to access the server.

        Follow this guide to see how you can set a custom warning banner.

      • How to Set, List and Remove Environment Variables in Linux

        Since this post shares cloud strategies with awesome people like you, naturally this post may contain affiliate links for products I use and love. If you click on those links and make a purchase, I’ll earn some coffee money which I promise to drink while creating more helpful content like this.

      • How to Install GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) on Linux Mint 20 – LinuxCapable

        GIMP, better known as GNU Image Manipulation Program, is a free, open-source raster graphics editing software primarily used for image manipulation and image editing, transcoding between various image formats, free-form drawing, and many more specialized tasks. GIMP is released under GPL-3.0-or-later license and is available for Linux, macOS, and Microsoft Windows.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn to install the GIMP application with Linux Mint 20 using three alternative methods.

      • How to Install Glances System Monitor on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS – LinuxCapable

        Glances System Monitor is free, an open-source command-line tool for process monitoring, system resources such as CPU, Disk I/O, File System, Load Average, Memory, Network Interfaces and processes. Glances are built with Python language. Glances support cross-platform monitoring, which can be used with a web-based interface.

        One of the excellent features Glances supports is setting thresholds in the program. You can set careful, warning, and critical in the configuration file, which will then relay information in colors that can show alerts to systems resources bottlenecks, system resources issues, and much more. Glances, by default, comes with a pre-set list of colors, but you can modify and add additional configs.

        The following tutorial will demonstrate how to install or enable and configure Glances System Monitor on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish Desktop or Server.

      • How to Install PostgreSQL 14 in Fedora Linux

        Fedora Linux is a safe haven for most open-source Linux applications and projects. Most OS users prefer to use this RHEL-based Linux distribution as an ideal candidate for learning and mastering new skillsets through its rich catalogs of educational software.

        One such educational software is PostgreSQL, which is an open-source relational database management system (RDBMS) used by analytics, geospatial, mobile, web, and other enterprising applications as a primary data warehouse or data store.

        PostgreSQL is favored by such applications and projects footprints because of its luring attributes. They include its diversified extension functions, support for flexible full-text search, diverse indexing techniques, and its growing community support.

        Among this attribute list, the most important element is community support. It helps new and intermediate users understand the interpretation of PostgreSQL software functions and their implementation.

      • How to Install SQLite 3 on Debian 11 Bullseye – LinuxCapable

        SQLite is a free, lightweight relational database management system (RDBMS) in a C library. SQLite is not a client-server database engine. Instead, it is embedded into the end program. Primarily all programming languages support SQLite, which how languages embed the program is with a file with .sqlite3/.sqlite/.DB extension. The software is a popular choice for local/client storage such as web browsers, Android devices, and much more. The list is quite extensive.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install SQLite 3 along with Debian 11 Bullseye.

      • How To Install TeamViewer on Fedora 35 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install TeamViewer on Fedora 35. For those of you who didn’t know, TeamViewer is a powerful remote desktop and file-sharing application that works with most operating systems (Microsoft Windows, macOS) and mobile devices. With TeamViewer, you control another computer over the Internet or have someone else control your own computer. For example, solve problems on customers’ PCs or give you access to a PC that is not currently nearby. In order to commercialize the use of TeamViewer, you have to purchase a license. You can use it free for personal use only.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the TeamViewer remote desktop application on a Fedora 35.

      • How To Install XanMod Kernel on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install XanMod Kernel on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, XanMod is a custom-built kernel for Debian and Ubuntu operating systems that comes with a couple of tweaks for optimizing the performance. The real-time version is recommended for critical runtime applications such as Linux gaming eSports, streaming, live productions, and ultra-low latency enthusiasts.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the XanMod Linux Kernel on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

      • How To Use Screen Command on Linux To Manage Terminals

        The screen command is a terminal command that can play the role of the multiplexer. In other words, you can run screen commands on your terminal shell to keep applications live in the background, run packages as a daemon, and keep a session (SSH) live for a long time even if you’re disconnected. The screen command is helpful and handy for all system administrators and Linux power users. This multiplexer type tool is powerful to run shell commands between a server, console, and other machines.

      • How To install Flarum Forum software on Ubuntu 22.04 | 20.04

        Do you want to host your own discussion forum software? Then here is the tutorial to install and configure Flarum on Ubuntu 20.04 Focal or Ubuntu 22.04 Jammy Jellyfish.

        Flarum is the combined successor of esoTalk and FluxBB forums. It is a newbie in the forums world but still one of the best forum interfaces along with a sleek and modern look. The user interface is simple, fast, and free from clutter and bloats. Flarum is built with PHP so it’s quick and easy to deploy.

        The interface is powered by Mithril, a performant JavaScript framework with a tiny footprint. Right now to installation this forum you need SSH access to the hosting server and install the composer. This forum is still in the beta stage so before using it for production you need to give it some time. But still, for your own experience, you can install and use it. After stable release, it can be proved the best alternative to the Discourse forum.

      • Install QBittorrent 4.4.0 On Ubuntu / Linux Mint & Fedora | Tips On UNIX

        This tutorial will be useful for beginners to install qBittorrent 4.4.0 on Ubuntu 20.04, Ubuntu 20.10, and Linux Mint 20.3, and Fedora 35

        qBittorrent is one of the best open-source torrent clients with more features and lightweight and it is written on QT6.

        It is using the libtorrent-raster library, which means it will support all operating systems Windows, Linux, macOS, and FreeBSD.

      • Install Zeek on Debian 11 – kifarunix.com

        Follow through this tutorial to learn how to install Zeek on Debian 11. Zeek, formerly Bro IDS, is the world’s leading passive open source network security monitoring tool. Zeek is not an active security device, like a firewall or intrusion prevention system. Rather, Zeek sits on a “sensor”, a hardware, software, virtual, or cloud platform that quietly and unobtrusively observes network traffic. Zeek interprets what it sees and creates compact, high-fidelity transaction logs, file content, and fully customized output, suitable for manual review on disk or in a more analyst-friendly tool like a security and information event management (SIEM) system.

      • Install MongoDB Compass GUI on AlmaLinux or Rocky Linux 8

        MongoDB is a NoSQL database server with a command-line shell interface, however, to manage with GUI, we can install MongoDB Compass on Rocky Linux or AlmaLinux 8 using the terminal. It is a good alternative to the MongoDB shell for querying, aggregating, and analyzing databases.

        Unlike MySQL, MariaDB, and other SQL; MongoDB is a NoSQL document-oriented database. Relational database technologies use rows, columns, and tables to store data. This makes them rigid quickly, slowly, and nearly impossible to manage; just imagine Microsoft Excel. Compared to database systems like MySQL, the structure of the data is not determined per table, but per entry, which gives me greater flexibility. Its name comes from humongous. MongoDB is also one of the most popular databases among developers.

      • Install Libreoffice 7.2.5 On Ubuntu / Linux Mint & Fedora | Tips On UNIX

        This tutorial will be helpful for beginners to install LibreOffice 7.2.5 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS, Ubuntu 21.10, LinuxMint 20.2, and Fedora 35.

        LibreOffice released the newer and 5th version in the 7 series as 7.2.5 and it comes with new features and bug fixes and program enhancements and all users are requested to update to this version as soon as possible.

      • Setup MailCow Server With Debian 11

        So, today in this tutorial we will learn to install the MailCow server with Debian11. MailCow is an open-source mailing script developed on top of Dovecot, Postfix, SoGo, and other open-source applications. In addition, it has a modern web-based user interface for administering users as well as the server. Refer to this link for other email service articles.

      • Centos/RHEL 8 Set Grub password

        So, this tutorial provides step-by-step instructions on recovering/reset lost or forgotten RHEL 8 / CentOS 8 Linux root administrative passwords. To first boot to the set GRUB password and usernames required. So that non-authorized users cannot modify the grub entry at the boot loader stage. Also, check setting up grub for Ubuntu.

      • How to Make GNOME Shell Look Like Unity (‘Cos Why Not, Right?)

        Want to make GNOME Shell look like the Unity desktop? If you do, then this guide is for you.

        Just don’t thank me for what follows. A reader called Alwyn sent the whole run-through to me via the Tip Form, complete with screenshots. They said I could publish it if I found it interesting (which surprise: I did).

        Now, I’m uneasy publishing anything not written — typo’d? — by me (you may notice I’m the only regular author around here). There are a number of reasons for this but the chief one is that I can’t afford to pay for contributions. It’s just not fair to expect people to write for nothing.

      • How to Install CloudPanel Control Panel on Debian 10 Server

        CloudPanel is an open-source and free server Control panel, optimal to use on command line Debian Linux servers to manage various web components, for system monitoring and other services like MySQL, NGINX, PHP-FPM, and Redis.

        Most of the time hosting services come with a popular WHM Cpanel, however, we have to pay an extra cost for that. Thus, those who have some knowledge of the Linux operating system and command line can use free CloudPanel on various VPS hosting including Public cloud platforms such as Amazon Web Services, Digital Ocean, or Google Cloud. The good thing is, this open-source Linux server control panel comes with extra functionalities to integrate properly with Public cloud services, aforementioned, to manage their various features. For example:

      • How to install ImageMagick & its PHP module on Debian 11 Server

        Tutorial to learn the simple commands for installing ImageMagick on Debian 11 Bullseye server along with PHP-Imagick module to use for various web-based applications such as WordPress.

        ImageMagick is a free tool distributed under an open-source license. Using it various images can be converted, compared, or overlapped. Apart from that other functions such as cropping, enlarging, and reducing the photos are also there. ImageMagick can handle over 100 image formats.

        To use its functionality in PHP-based applications, the user has to install the Imagick PHP extension. ImageMagick itself provides the user interface for the most important basic functions. Even new users can easily understand and get along with the software. Special editing features are only available as command-line tools and are therefore somewhat more complicated to use.

      • Install build essential tools on Ubuntu 22.04 or 20.04 LTS Linux

        To compile programs from their source code, we need some tools and libraries available through a single package called on Build essential on Ubuntu 20.04 | 22.04 |18.04 or Debian 11 | 10 base repository. Here we learn how to install it.

        Build essential is a name for a package that includes the GCC/g++ compilers and libraries and some other utilities required to compile software written in C and C++.

        The Gnu Compiler Collection, GCC for short, is a collection of compilers and offers a uniform interface for creating programs in C, C ++, Objective-C, Fortran, Ada, Assembler and Go.

      • How to install Nim programming language on Debian 11

        Hello, dear readers. Today, you will learn how to install the Nim programming language on Debian 11.

        Nim is a programming language that has been inspired by Delphi. Therefore, it is a compiled language that focuses on efficiency, ease of reading source code and flexibility.

        Nim combines successful concepts from mature languages like Python, Ada and Modula. In addition to this, it is open source, so we can examine its source code.

        We could say that Nim is a new language that promises to incorporate improvements and alternatives to what already exists. For example, it can be integrated for backend functions with Python, C and others.

    • Wine or Emulation

      • Wine 7.0′s Many Features From Better Theming To Improved HiDPI To New Joystick Driver

        We are closing in on the release of Wine 7.0 as the annual stable feature release for this open-source software that allows running Windows games and applications under Linux, macOS, BSDs, and other platforms. Here is a recap of the many changes being introduced since last year’s Wine 6.0 milestone.

        Wine 7.0 has been seeing weekly release candidates and is expected for its formal release this month. In fact, it could be as soon as next week going off the project’s usual RC rhythm.

    • Games

      • Check out some fresh Haunted Chocolatier screenshots | GamingOnLinux

        Haunted Chocolatier is the next game from Stardew Valley creator ConcernedApe (Eric Barone), we still don’t yet know a huge amount about it but the dev recently showed some fresh screenshots. These are just some small teasers, with Barone mentioning on their Twitter to expect plenty more throughout 2022.

        On December 25, Barone mentioned the game is “making good progress” and currently work is progressing on the “core elements of the game”. We don’t expect to get a lot of info before a true full reveal, as Barone mentioned “I don’t really feel like sharing much, because I’d rather let the game be a surprise than reveal everything. I just like working in secret”.

      • Tiny Life is an upcoming pixel-art take on experiences like The Sims | GamingOnLinux

        Tiny Life is an upcoming game trying to capture the essence of games like The Sims, but in an isometric pixelart style. If you’ve played The Sims before, you mostly know sort-of what to expect from it. Build a house, have a family and take care of all their needs – or totally mess with them. You’re basically god watching over a few select people.

        Tiny Life’s creator, the solo indie developer Ellpeck, has always loved casual life simulation games like The Sims, Harvest Moon and Stardew Valley. For multiple years, he deemed the prospect of making a complex life simulation game similar to The Sims too difficult, until he started working on Tiny Life and realized that it is, indeed, quite the task. Nevertheless, he has been working on the game regularly for over a year and considers it his passion project.

      • Linux Play: Baldur’s Gate: Dark Alliance, Shadow Tactics: Aiko’s Choice, The Captain … – itsfoss.net

        We close 2021 and in 2022 with the latest edition of Linux Play, our premiere games section for Linux with the best of what came out in December, or much of it. And nice things came out: Baldur’s Gate: Dark Alliance, new installment of the veteran and award-winning RPG franchise; Shadow Tactics: Aiko’s Choice, another new installment, in this case the most recent, but also applauded real-time strategy franchise set in ancient feudal Japan; The Captain, which is new from the creators of World of goo… And so on until reaching the ten titles that make up the list, topped as always by an eleventh game, this free one: the musical Tempo. Linux Play!

      • The Best Linux Games of 2021 – itsfoss.net

        We are already in 2022 and not only that: today we celebrate the Day of the Magi, a very beloved holiday here in Spain because that is when the gifts arrive, although for some time now, he has been in fierce conflict with Santa Claus. Be that as it may, this holiday allows us to publish a special like the one at hand, in which we collect the best games of the year for Linux, screening through, yes.

        This special Linux Play we select a list with The 10 best games that came out for Linux in 2021, which should be clarified, because what is said to play on Linux can be done in many ways and with quite a few guarantees: you can play the most outstanding releases through platforms of streaming like Stadia or GeForce Now, you can play more and more titles with better quality through Steam and Proton …

        However, in this Linux Play: The Best Games of 2021 only native games are includedNot because there are great differences between playing one or the other, beyond the details of each platform, but, as we have always done, for consistency, but also for “necessity”: native games are the most significant indicator of the health of Linux gaming… Although in the last couple of years the appearance of the aforementioned Proton has destabilized everything.

      • ChimeraOS 29 brings fixes for Aya Neo, GPD Win 3 and more upgrades | GamingOnLinux

        Continuing to refine the SteamOS-like full-screen experience, ChimeraOS 29 is out now bringing on upgrades and plenty of bug fixes too.

        The usual main components have been upgraded including Linux Kernel 5.15.12, Mesa drivers 21.3.3, NVIDIA driver 495.46, RetroArch 1.9.14 and upgrades to their own special helper packages too. Users of a few handhelds will be happy too with ChimeraOS 29 bringing fixed WiFI on the Aya Neo 2021 Pro/Retro Power, there’s now a touch-screen driver for the GPD Win 3 and another hardware fix is to stop the ASRock LED controller being recognized as a joystick.

      • The Steam Deck is the biggest gaming news of all time. – Invidious
      • Liftoff: FPV Drone Racing gets a huge physics update, new racing environment | GamingOnLinux

        Liftoff: FPV Drone Racing is a very good simulator and it just got that little bit better, with update 1.4.0 out now bringing some major improvements.

        Going back to the drawing board for the physics system, LuGus Studios decided to rely less on Unity’s built-in physics with their new flight controller, the result is that overall in many places it should perform better. Something that also sounds fancy is a new ” A.I. PID tune feature” that will adjust “itself based on the system’s performance for a perfectly tuned setup in light” but you can still tune things manually.

      • Canonical wants to position Ubuntu as the benchmark for Linux Gaming

        Canonical has posted a job offer with which you intend to hire a Desktop Video Game Product Manager (newly created role) “to make Ubuntu the best Linux desktop to play“. Undoubtedly a declaration of intent by the company, which is possibly aware that 2022 may be a turning point for the company. Linux Gaming.

        Canonical gets chest out when explaining in the offer that it works “With partners in the silicon world to ensure the latest graphics drivers and settings are incorporated to achieve optimal latency and frame rates, as well as partners in the video game industry to ensure mechanisms such as anti-aging capabilities. -traps are available to ensure equity and product availability “. Nothing to object here, because if you want to attract talent, obviously the company has to sell.

        Regarding the functions and / or responsibilities that the possible future employee would exercise, it is worth highlighting that of leading the product and the launch of video games to the market oriented to the Ubuntu desktop. Being more specific, this person would be in charge of define product strategy and commitments around Ubuntu desktop and will try to drive adoption. We doubt that this leads to any kind of exclusivity, but rather to make the Canonical distribution the reference operating system of the Linux Gaming.

        The company founded by Mark Shuttleworth explains that “The position requires an analytical storyteller with a strong sense of message and a deep understanding of Linux communities and desktop, video game and graphics technologies”. In terms of curriculum and characteristics, college graduates with experience in software engineering and software engineering management with aspirations to be executives and entrepreneurs are preferred.

      • Ubuntu Seeks a Gaming Product Manager to Build Cred With Gamers – FOSS Force

        Ubuntu might be on its way to becoming a Linux distribution that’s more suitable for Linux gamers by default. Canonical, the company behind Ubuntu, has posted a job listing on it’s website for a “Linux desktop gaming product manager.”

        Since its first release in 2004, Ubuntu has been one of the most used desktop Linux distributions (the most used if you factor in all of the “official” Ubuntu spins — Ubuntu clones integrating desktop environments other than Ubuntu’s default Gnome).

        The distro gets quite a bit of use by Linux gamers too, but not as much as you might think given its popularity. The fact is, its popularity among everyday desktop users probably accounts for much of the use it gets from gamers, since Linux users enter the gaming realm on whatever distro they’ve been using, then move own to something that can better deliver the oomph that gaming requires.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • Wireless network does not auto-reconnect in KDE

          This is a fairly short tutorial, but the problem is quite annoying. It’s a small thing, but it does mar the overall experience. Thinking more broadly, the credentials management in Linux is a bit weird, and hasn’t been properly done since, well, ever. Some desktop environments will prompt you to use password wallets, some won’t. Some distros will or won’t, regardless of the desktop you use. There will be situations where you launch a particular app, like Chromium or Skype, and the wallet tool will wake up. Sometimes, network share connections will need password again and again, because the system won’t use the wallet.

          All of this goes beyond MX Linux and the re-connect issue I’ve outlined above. But if you are affected, take a look at the Wireless settings, see if all users can connect, and optionally, activate KDE Wallet so that you have a bit more elegant and secure setup in place. Problem solved. And that would be all for this time, folks.

        • Krita 5.0.2

          Hot on the heels of Krita 5.0.0, we’re releasing the first bugfix release of Krita 5! It’s 5.0.2 because if you upload a beta with the version number 5.0.0 to the Windows Store, you cannot upload 5.0.0 final, but it has to be 5.0.1… So, don’t worry, you didn’t miss 5.0.1!

    • Distributions

      • Solus Again Navigating Rough Seas as Co-lead Quits

        There’s been something of a brouhaha at the Linux distribution Solus OS, a popular independent distro that’s available with its own homegrown Budgie desktop environment, Gnome, Mate, or KDE. The result is that Joshua Strobl, a co-lead at the project, has abruptly stepped down.

        News of the situation became available on New Year’s Day when Strobl sent the following tweet…

      • Haiku activity report – December 2021

        Happy new year!

        Note: this report covers changes only to the Haiku main git repository. There are many other things going on for Haiku outside that git repository. In recent big news, we have an X11 compatibility layer, and a running experimental Wine port. However, I cannot cover everything in these reports. Help welcome if you want to contribute to our website with news announcements for such items.

        That being said, let’s see what’s going on in Haiku itself!

        This report covers hrev55688-hrev55768.

      • SUSE/OpenSUSE

        • openSUSE-Based GeckoLinux Kicks Off 2022 with New Major Releases of Its Editions

          It’s been more than seven months since the last GeckoLinux update, and now it’s time for a new one that brings cool new features, the latest desktop environments, and many other improvements.

          The GeckoLinux ROLLING edition is probably the most popular, so it now ships with the KDE Plasma 5.23.4, GNOME 41.2, Xfce 4.16, LXQt 1.0, Cinnamon 5.2.4, MATE 1.26, Budgie 10.5.3, as well as the Pantheon desktop environment from elementary OS 6.1.

        • GeckoLinux ROLLING Released with Updated Desktop Environments

          The latest GeckoLinux ROLLING release brings Linux kernel 5.15 and a set of updated desktop environments to its users.

          GeckoLinux is a Linux distribution based on openSUSE. It is available in two editions: Static, which is based on openSUSE Leap, and Rolling, which is based on openSUSE Tumbleweed.

          Compared to openSUSE, GeckoLinux provides some extra packages, including multimedia support, and live ISOs files for eight different desktop environments: Cinnamon, Xfce, GNOME, KDE Plasma, MATE, LXQt, Budgie, and Pantheon. For people who want something lighter, Gecko offers a nine Barebones edition.

      • Slackware Family

        • LibreOffice 7.2.5 packages for Slackware-current

          LibreOffice Community Edition 7.2.5 was released yesterday and I have uploaded a new set packages for Slackware-current.

          This is the fifth iteration in the 7.2 release cycle with two more to come in the next three months. Since this is a minor upgrade, the focus is on bug fixing and improving the stability.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Why you should migrate your Java workloads to OpenShift

          Despite the incredible pace of adoption of container orchestration platforms such as Kubernetes and Red Hat OpenShift, the vast majority of Java workloads are still running on virtual machines or bare metal. In many cases, enterprise operation teams are mandated to modernize and move these workloads to the cloud, and OpenShift is the natural destination.

        • Red Hat’s 2022 Global Tech Outlook report reveals active participation in the Financial Services and Banking sectors

          Red Hat’s yearly survey, the 2022 Global Tech Outlook report, consolidated industry input and responses to questions related to digital transformation efforts across industry categories.

          In this article, we’ll look at some key takeaways in the report from the Financial Services and Banking sector. Among the areas cited to help attain an effective digital transformation strategy in Financial Services and Banking included closing talent gaps, accelerating application development, and establishing a hybrid cloud platform.

        • Debug .NET applications running on Kubernetes with VS Code [Ed: IBM's Red Hat is once again boosting Microsoft's proprietary lock-in]
        • IBM wrongly sacked salesman after Tech Data project failed • The Register

          An IBM salesman was wrongly sacked after being blamed for the failure of a joint venture with Tech Data, being subject to a “biased, superficial and wholly inadequate” redundancy scoring exercise by vindictive sales managers.

          Craig Millard won his claim against IBM for unfair dismissal in December 2021, having been turfed out of Big Blue 18 months ago when a two-year secondment to Tech Data ended.

          The tribunal’s resulting judgment revealed how a combination of high prices, bad management, and a “ground breaking” joint venture that collapsed after achieving just 21 per cent of its sales targets resulted in IBM bosses breaking the law when they got rid of him.

          Luke Jones, IBM’s UK Technology Support Services (TSS) sales leader, was responsible for awarding Millard poor performance scores (41 out of 100) that led to him getting the professional axe in late 2020.

        • IBM Cloud suffers global provisioning issues • The Register

          IBM is having a torrid start to 2022, including a lengthy period of “provisioning issues” in IBM Cloud around the world this morning.

          Today’s upset kicked off at 0546 UTC, according to the company’s status page, and continued throughout the morning, with Big Blue not flagging the problem as resolved until 1212 UTC.

          According to Big Blue: “Users may experience issues with provisioning and other resource management actions in IBM Cloud services.”

          Somebody snarkier than us might take issue with the use of the plural “users” considering the company’s lowly share of the cloud market. Not us, though.

          According to IBM Cloud, the locations affected were Washington DC, Osaka, São Paulo, London, Dallas, Seoul, Sydney, Chennai, Toronto, Tokyo, and Frankfurt.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • Linux Mint 20.3 “Una” Xfce released!

          The team is proud to announce the release of Linux Mint 20.3 “Una” Xfce Edition.

          Linux Mint 20.3 is a long term support release which will be supported until 2025. It comes with updated software and brings refinements and many new features to make your desktop even more comfortable to use.

        • Linux Mint 20.3 “Una” MATE released!

          This new version of Linux Mint contains many improvements.

          For an overview of the new features please visit…

        • Linux Mint 20.3 “Una” Cinnamon released!

          The release notes provide important information about known issues, as well as explanations, workarounds and solutions.

          To read the release notes, please visit…

        • You Can Now Upgrade Linux Mint 20.2 to Linux Mint 20.3, Here’s How

          Still based on the Ubuntu 20.04 LTS (Focal Fossa) operating system series, Linux Mint 20.3 “Una” is now available and it brings a new app to manage your recent and favorite documents, improvements to many of the official Linux Mint apps, as well as updated packages.

          Linux Mint 20.3 uses the same package base as Linux Mint 20.2, and all previous updates in the Linux Mint 20 series for that matter. This means that you can easily upgrade your existing installations without downloading the new ISO images, which are here mostly for new deployments.

        • The Future of Snapcraft

          System hysteresis, when applied to software, can roughly be defined as an overall lag between desired implementation of code and actual implementation of said code. Ideally, this delay should be minimal, and programmers would be able to make instantaneous changes and improvements to their applications.

          In reality, things are more complex – and tend to get more complex as time goes by. For the past six odd years, the Snapcraft team has worked on making their core product modular, efficient and useful to snap developers, extending its functionality and introducing new capabilities over time. In a way, it is a complete product, and it serves its purpose well. But there are ways to make things even better. This article looks at the future of Snapcraft.

        • Canonical Outlines the ‘Future of Snapcraft’
        • Canonical To Focus On A New, More Modular Snapcraft – Current Codebase Goes Legacy
        • Canonical is reworking Snap application packages on Linux

          Snap is a software packaging and distribution platform for Linux developed by Canonical, creators of Ubuntu Linux. Snap applications are more portable than traditional Linux software, and most of them are containerized to prevent some common security issues. However, Snap also has plenty of problems, which might be the reason Canonical is experimenting with a new architecture.

          Canonical talked about “the future of Snapcraft” in a new blog post (via omg! ubuntu!), which mostly involves breaking up the Snap framework into smaller and modular components. There aren’t any firm details about what the end result will look like, or if it will be better for the average person installing and using Snap applications. However, it should make creating and maintaining Snap applications easier for app developers and Canonical, which could potentially free up time for Canonical to focus on other aspects of the Snap framework.

        • Technology can sometimes go from east to west: Ubuntu DDE 21.10 remix ships in 22.01

          The newest and quite possibly shiniest Ubuntu remix has kicked a new version out the door. Yes, yet another new desktop, but it’s a sign of bigger things to come.

          Ubuntu DDE stands for Ubuntu Deepin Desktop Edition – in other words, a remix of Ubuntu but with the desktop environment of the Chinese Deepin distro. Deepin, formerly known as the no-less-silly-sounding Hiweed, is the free international edition of a Chinese government-backed enterprise distro called UOS. Deepin is based on Debian, and switched desktops quite a few times in its early versions until UnionTech developed its own desktop environment.

          We don’t tend to hear much about it in the Western world, but open-source operating systems have been making great leaps forward in East Asia. At the turn of the century, the region was notorious for its use of pirated software. The problems with updates and malware this caused, plus a desire to reduce dependence on American companies that mirrors Western mistrust of Chinese vendors, led to Beijing’s “3-5-2 policy” to phase out foreign hardware and software. This is scheduled to happen by the end of 2022.

          One of several results is KylinOS, which started out based on FreeBSD but moved to Linux with its third version. Since 2013, there’s also been an Ubuntu-based variant. The Reg installed Deepin, Ubuntu Kylin and Ubuntu DDE for a quick look, and came away impressed.

        • Dell announce the new XPS 13 Plus with Ubuntu supported | GamingOnLinux

          During CES 2022 Dell announced the brand new XPS 13 Plus, which overhauls the design and it looks pretty slick. They’ve confirmed that Ubuntu 20.04 will also still be a supported option, on their Developer Edition.

          “Our most powerful XPS 13 was redesigned from the ground up to be our highest-performing flagship ever, so users can do everything they love faster. New modern and simplified interiors are beautiful and provide a seamless touch experience for customers. Stunning displays and enhanced audio bring your content to life. Crafted of machined aluminum and glass in Platinum or Graphite.” — Dell.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Web Browsers

        • Brave vs. Google Chrome: Which is the better browser for you?

          Google Chrome is undoubtedly one of the best web browsers available for Linux. It offers a good blend of user experience and feature set for many, regardless of what platform you use it on.

          On the other hand, Brave is popular as a privacy-focused open-source option available cross-platform.

          So, what should you pick as your primary web browser? Is Chrome for you? Who should use Brave?

          Here, we compare all the important aspects (including benchmarks) on both browsers to help you decide.

        • The Optional Chaining Operator, “Modern” Browsers, and My Mom

          I wanted to try and explain to my Mom that, while true for many native applications, browsers shouldn’t go out of date so easily because of hardware. “This isn’t your problem Mom. You should’t have to go buy new hardware. This is a problem with the people who make that website. They should be making their website’s code more accessible to legacy devices. Just because you don’t have a browser that can run ECMAScript 2020, you should still be able to access and use this website.” But I didn’t feel like explaining the idea of progressive enhancement to my Mom.

      • Productivity Software/LibreOffice/Calligra

        • LibreOffice: The Klingons and Interslavs are already here

          While Klingon language support still ranks somewhat low among issues thought not to be essential, the federation that is LibreOffice 7.3 will also bring Interslavic support to the mix when released come early February.

          Since you were wondering, Interslavic is an artificial language meant to operate in the cross-section of Slavic interlingualism.

          Targ-herders everywhere are reportedly mildly pleased. The synergy in KSL (Klingon as second language) regions is a potato harvest that we can all appreciate.

      • Programming/Development

    • Standards/Consortia

  • Leftovers

    • Stay
    • LEGOpunk Orrery Knows Just The Right Technics | Hackaday

      Is the unmistakable sound of the shuffling of LEGO pieces being dug through burned into your psyche? Did the catalog of ever more complex Technic pieces send your imagination soaring into the stratosphere and beyond? Judging by the artful contraption in the video below the break, we are fairly certain that [Marian] can relate to these things.

      No doubt inspired by classic orreries driven by clockwork, [Marian]’s LEGO Sun-Earth-Moon orrery is instead driven by either hand cranks or by electric motors. The orrery aims to be astronomically correct. To that end, a full revolution of a hand crank produces a full day’s worth of movement.

    • Science

      • Another test for divisibility by 7

        Recently I thought of another way to check for divisibility by !!7!!. Let’s consider !!\color{darkblue}{3269}!!. The rule is: take the current total (initially 0), triple it, and add the next digit to the right. So here we do: [...]

    • Education

      • Chicago Teachers Rebuke ‘Incompetent’ Mayor Lightfoot as Lockout Continues for Second Day

        Classes across Chicago Public Schools were canceled for the second consecutive day Thursday as city officials refused to allow teachers to work remotely despite rising coronavirus cases and what the Chicago Teachers Union says are inadequate safety precautions in school facilities.

        The union filed an unfair labor practices charge with the state labor relations board late Wednesday, saying Democratic Mayor Lori Lightfoot and school officials failed to put proper public health measures in place before students and staff returned to school on Monday following the holiday break.

      • Leaving academia

        I’ve previously spent about two years time intermittently working in industry settings. I enjoyed the fast pace and working on problems that have a human on the other side waiting for your solution.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • The Dairy Industry is Determined to Pour Itself Down Our Throats

        The real American dream is at odds with turning taxpayer dollars into wealth for one industry over another. An example of this is the promotion of the American dairy industry by the government. It’s the reason why the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has been telling people that dairy deserves its own food group and has promoted the idea that most adults and children should “eat or drink about three cups of dairy each day,” to ensure they are getting the required nutrients to stay healthy. This is, however, contradictory to the facts provided by the National Institutes of Health. According to the agency, between 30 and 50 million Americans are intolerant to lactose (the sugar found in milk), “including 95 percent of Asian Americans, 60-80 percent of African Americans and Ashkenazi Jews, 80-100 percent of Native Americans, and 50-80 percent of Hispanics,” compared to people of northern European descent who have a “high lactose tolerance.”

        In fact, some studies connect the consumption of dairy products with a higher risk of certain cancers, including prostate cancer in men and endometrial cancer in postmenopausal women. Further, countries that have the highest rates of milk consumption also have the “highest rates of osteoporosis.” According to a study by Uppsala University in Sweden, the consumption of milk has even been associated with higher mortality in both men and women, according to a 2014 article in the Washington Post.

      • We’re All Tired of This Pandemic—and Some of Us Are Sick
      • Omicron Outbreaks in Prisons Put Everyone at Risk, But Data Is Scarce
      • What Will We Tell Future Generations About the Pandemic?
      • Opinion | Vaxxed or Unvaxxed: Who Should Get the Last Bed Hospital Bed?

        Novak Djokovic, the world’s top-ranking tennis player, has just been granted a medical exemption to take part in the Australian Open. Djokovic, who has won the event nine times (one more victory would give him a record-breaking 21 major titles), refused to show proof of vaccination, which is required to enter Australia. “I will not reveal my status whether I have been vaccinated or not,” he told Blic, a Serbian daily, calling it “a private matter and an inappropriate inquiry.”

      • I Saw Firsthand What It Takes to Keep COVID Out of Hong Kong. It Felt Like a Different Planet.

        As I walked off the jet bridge into Hong Kong International Airport, I stepped into another world. I was home for Christmas, to see my parents for the first time in two years. But first, I had to get through a gantlet of COVID-19 precautions that envelop the city like a protective bubble.

        Incoming travelers were greeted by gowned, gloved and masked workers, who directed us through the terminal. As I followed the passengers ahead of me, I was unnerved by the shuttered stores. Every other time I’ve flown in and out of Hong Kong, the airport hums with thousands of travelers, children scampering across the polished floors, announcements intoned in English, Cantonese and Mandarin. The terminal was now eerily still. My feet made too much noise as I trudged along the path marked by guardrails.

      • CIA Introduces Sustainable Food Systems Master’s Degree

        The Culinary Institute of America, the world’s premier culinary college, announced a new addition to its School of Graduate and Professional Studies: an online master’s degree in Sustainable Food Systems. Now enrolling for Fall 2022, this program is the first of its kind to approach sustainability issues—from climate change to renewable resources, waste reduction to responsible sourcing and more—through a culinary lens, with an eye toward the impact of our choices on our food system, both today and in the future. This is the CIA’s third master’s program, joining its master’s degrees in Food Business and Wine and Beverage Management. The predominantly online 30-credit curriculum offers candidates the flexibility of learning on their own schedule, while continuing to advance in their careers, and includes short, immersive in-person residencies in the San Francisco Bay Area and New York’s Hudson Valley, which provide opportunities for real-world experiential learning and industry networking.

      • Canadian ‘influencers’ stranded in Cancún after party flight from Montreal

        In the videos, the influencers can be seen drinking, smoking, dancing and even crowd-surfing, all without face masks, in their December 30 charter flight.

        The videos were originally posted by the plane party’s participants, then later deleted. In the posts, the party-goers could be seen passing bottles of alcohol and dancing in the aisles. In response, the charter company, Sunwing, canceled the group’s return flight. Other Canadian airlines have followed suit, refusing to accommodate the group on a return flight.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Google Chrome 97 relaxes privacy protection just a little to help out Microsoft [Ed: Microsoft is an espionage giant]

          Google Chrome 97 arrived on Tuesday, bringing with it a Microsoft-backed keyboard API rejected by Apple and Mozilla on privacy grounds.

        • Remember Norton 360′s bundled cryptominer? Irritated folk realise Ethereum crafter is tricky to delete

          Norton antivirus’s inbuilt cryptominer has re-entered the public consciousness after a random Twitter bod expressed annoyance at how difficult it is to uninstall.

          The addition of Ncrypt.exe, Norton 360′s signed cryptocurrency-mining binary, to installations of Norton antivirus isn’t new – but it seems to have taken the non-techie world a few months to realise what’s going on.

          Back in June, NortonLifeLock, owner of the unloved PC antivirus product, declared it was offering Ethereum mining as part of its antivirus suite. NortonLifeLock’s pitch, as we reported, was that people dabbling in cryptocurrency mining probably weren’t paying attention to security – so what better way than to take up a cryptocurrency miner than installing one from a trusted consumer security brand?

        • Norton’s Antivirus Product Now Includes an Ethereum Miner

          Norton 360 can now mine Ethereum. It’s opt-in, and the company keeps 15%.

        • Norton 360 Now Comes With a Cryptominer

          Norton 360, one of the most popular antivirus products on the market today, has installed a cryptocurrency mining program on its customers’ computers. Norton’s parent firm says the cloud-based service that activates the program and allows customers to profit from the scheme — in which the company keeps 15 percent of any currencies mined — is “opt-in,” meaning users have to agree to enable it. But many Norton users complain the mining program is difficult to remove, and reactions from longtime customers have ranged from unease and disbelief to, “Dude, where’s my crypto?”

        • US online pharmacy Ravkoo links data breach to AWS portal incident
        • Security

          • Alibaba Cloud slapped by Chinese ministry for mishandling Log4j [Ed: Western authorities have done worse things to people who reported and tried to fix bugs, e.g. "WalwareTech"]

            China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has suspended Alibaba Cloud’s membership of an influential security board to protest its handling of the Log4j flaw.

            The move appears odd as The Apache Software Foundation credited Alibaba Cloud’s Chen Zhaojun for identifying and reporting the Log4J flaw in the first place. You might think Alibaba Cloud deserves a parade for identifying a dangerous flaw, and showing that Chinese bug-hunters can match it with the world’s best.

            But according to Chinese outlet The 21st Century Herald, Chinese authorities were displeased with the cloud giant’s response.

          • Security updates for Friday [LWN.net]

            Security updates have been issued by Debian (sphinxsearch), Fedora (chromium and vim), Red Hat (rh-nodejs14-nodejs and rh-nodejs14-nodejs-nodemon), and Ubuntu (apache2 and webkit2gtk).

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • The VPN Is On Everybody’s Shitlist After Years Of Scammy Providers And Empty Promises

              The high number of scammy providers and overall rise in encryption appears to have turned the public sentiment against virtual private network (VPN) VPNs, and whether most consumers actually even need one. As privacy scandals and hacks grew over the last decade, VPNs quickly emerged as a sort of mystical panacea, that could protect you from all harm on the internet. Of course, this resulted in a flood of VPN competitors who were outright scams, made misleading statements about what data is collected, or failed to protect consumer data.

            • France fines Google, Facebook record €210 million over tracking online activity

              US tech giants, including the likes of Apple and Amazon, have come under growing pressure over their [business] practices across Europe, where they have faced massive fines and plans to impose far-reaching EU rules on how they operate.

              The 150-million-euro fine imposed on Google was a record by France’s National Commission for Information Technology and Freedom (CNIL), beating a previous cookie-related fine of 100 million euros against the company in December 2020.

              Facebook was handed a 60-million-euro fine.

            • “Worst in Show Awards” Livestreams Friday: EFF’s Cindy Cohn and Cory Doctorow Will Unveil Most Privacy-Defective, Least Secure Consumer Tech Products at CES
            • How are Police Using Drones?

              But how are police departments using them?

              A new law in Minnesota mandates the yearly release of information related to police use of drones, and gives us a partial window into how law enforcement use them on a daily basis. The 2021 report released by the Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension documents use of drones in the state during the year 2020.

              According to the report, 93 law enforcement agencies from across the state deployed drones 1,171 times in 2020—with an accumulative price tag of almost $1 million. The report shows that the vast majority of the drone deployments are not used for the public safety disasters that so many departments use to justify drone use. Rather, almost half (506) were just for the purpose of “training officers.” Other uses included information collection based on reasonable suspicion of unspecified crimes (185), requests from other government agencies unrelated to law enforcement (41), road crash investigation (39), and preparation for and monitoring of public events (6 and 12, respectively). There were zero deployments to counter the risk of terrorism.  Police deployed drones 352 times in the aftermath of an “emergency” and 27 times for “disaster” response.

            • France fines Meta, Google: Cookies must be easier to reject • The Register

              Google and Facebook have come a little unstuck in the cookie department as French watchdog Commission Nationale de l’Informatique et des Libertés (CNIL) slapped the pair with a €150m and €60m fine respectively.

              The CNIL kicked off its investigations after receiving complaints regarding the way cookies can be refused on facebook.com, youtube.com and google.fr. The crux of the matter is that while there is a button to permit immediate acceptance of cookies, there is not the equivalent to refuse them as easily. “Several clicks are required to refuse all cookies, against a single one to accept them,” explained the CNIL.

              “The restricted committee,” it went on, “considered that this process affects the freedom of consent: since, on the internet, the user expects to be able to quickly consult a website, the fact that they cannot refuse the cookies as easily as they can accept them influences their choice in favor of consent. This constitutes an infringement of Article 82 of the French Data Protection Act.”

    • Defence/Aggression

      • ‘Don’t Abandon Us’: Palestinian Rights Group Rebukes Dutch Government for Halting Funding

        Human rights advocates condemned the Dutch government’s Wednesday decision to stop funding the Union of Agricultural Work Committees, one of six Palestinian civil society groups that Israel designated as “terrorist organizations” and banned almost three months ago.

        “The Union of Agricultural Work Committees (UAWC) is shocked and saddened by the decision of the Dutch government to end its funding for UAWC,” the group, based in Ramallah, a city in the occupied West Bank, said in a statement. “With this fateful decision, the Dutch government is not just abandoning UAWC, but Palestinian civil society at large.”

      • Noam Chomsky: GOP’s Soft Coup Is Still Underway One Year After Capitol Assault
      • Opinion | Did Horror of January 6 Crush Your Optimism? Try “Possibilism” Instead

        A new year is supposed to trigger the energy of new beginnings, requiring at least a bit of optimism. Right? But at the anniversary of January 6th—a day of national infamy—optimism and it companion, hope, can feel out of reach.

      • A Year Later, Progressives Warn ‘Another January 6′ Is Coming If Voting Rights Not Secured

        One year to the day since then-President Donald Trump and his Republican accomplices’ lies about voter fraud led to a failed coup on January 6, 2021, progressives are warning that the GOP’s ongoing, nationwide assault on the franchise will continue as long as Senate Democrats fail to pass pro-democracy legislation.

        “365 days after the attacks on the 2020 election culminated in the Capitol calamity, we still haven’t enacted meaningful reforms to prevent another January 6.”

      • In the UK, Calls Grow to Revoke Tony Blair’s Knighthood Over Iraq War

        Citing his role in the Iraq War and other devastating conflicts, hundreds of thousands of people in the United Kingdom and beyond are calling for former British Prime Minister Tony Blair to be stripped of his newly bestowed knighthood. 

        “He was personally responsible for causing the death of countless innocent civilian lives and servicemen in various conflicts.”

      • The War on Terror is a Success…for Terror

        Days earlier, Congress had authorized Bush “to use all necessary and appropriate force against those nations, organizations, or persons he determine[d] planned, authorized, committed, or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001 or harbored such organizations or persons.” By then, it was already evident, as Bush said in his address, that al-Qaeda was responsible for the attacks. But it was equally clear that he had no intention of conducting a limited campaign. “Our war on terror begins with al-Qaeda, but it does not end there,” he announced. “It will not end until every terrorist group of global reach has been found, stopped, and defeated.”

        Congress had already assented to whatever the president saw fit to do. It had voted 420 to 1 in the House and 98 to 0 in the Senate to grant an Authorization for Use of Military Force (AUMF) that would give him (and presidents to come) essentially a free hand to make war around the world.

      • The Anti-War Movement Could Be Reignited By Gen Z

        Every system of oppression upholds every other system of oppression, and the oppression of war — whether in its traditional form of bases and boots on the ground or through more modern methods such as drone strikes and economic sanctions — is no exception. Gen Z has an essential role to play in uniting existing progressive movements like the climate movement and Black Lives Matter. At the same time, we need to foster a strong anti-imperialist angle in every single struggle against injustice. Gen Z can — and must — bring new life to anti-war activism. Our future depends on it.

      • The American torch of democracy is flickering

        For Americans, the stakes are high. American identity, unlike that of most nations, is rooted not in blood or ethnicity but in self-evident truths of human equality. Through the embrace of such ideals, immigrants to the United States become, as Abraham Lincoln put it, the “blood of the blood and the flesh of the flesh” of all other Americans. Those ideals make the American nation. The political expression of that national identity, rooted in universal truths, is democracy. Give that up and the United States is no longer a “new nation, conceived in liberty.” We would degenerate into an ethno-state, a white man’s country along the lines of the Confederacy—and, if former President Donald Trump and his circle have their way, a tyranny.

        The stakes for the world are high as well. American democracy has inspired the world’s democratic movements for longer than many think. After the Union’s victory in the Civil War, the French abolitionist and liberal Édouard René de Laboulaye wanted to celebrate what he and others saw as a twin victory of liberty over the slave state that was the Confederacy and of democracy over chaos or tyranny. He conceived of a great Statue of Liberty to mark that victory. She still stands in New York Harbor, her torch held aloft as inspiration for Europe and the world.

      • Jimmy Carter: I Fear for Our Democracy

        Lastly, the spread of disinformation, especially on social media, must be addressed. We must reform these platforms and get in the habit of seeking out accurate information. Corporate America and religious communities should encourage respect for democratic norms, participation in elections and efforts to counter disinformation.

        Our great nation now teeters on the brink of a widening abyss. Without immediate action, we are at genuine risk of civil conflict and losing our precious democracy. Americans must set aside differences and work together before it is too late.

      • US Army journal’s top paper from 2021 says Taiwan should destroy TSMC if China invades

        A top US Army War College paper suggests Taiwan should credibly threaten to eradicate its semiconductor industry if threatened by China so that Beijing would no longer be interested in unification.

        The US Army War College showed the paper was its most popular of the year, when it revealed it topped a list of the most downloaded papers of 2021 from its quarterly academic journal Parameters.

        The bright idea comes from two American scholars. Their reasoning goes:

        Potential war with the US over Taiwan is no longer a deterrent for China as Beijing believes its military would dominate. Therefore, to make the island unappealing, it needs to be perceived as presenting an “unacceptable economic, political, and strategic costs upon Beijing.” As it currently stands, Taiwan appears to be an enticing technology powerhouse ripe for absorption. However, destroying TSMC, an important supplier for China, would create a desperately unwanted major economic crisis on the mainland and make China chipless while it was also engaged in a war effort.

    • Transparency/Investigative Reporting

      • Pentagon Drone Attacks Killed Many Innocent People with Impunity

        This argument that the exposure of war crimes cost lives is absurd. It was not Assange that carried out drone attacks and other bombing operations against innocent civilians and journalists. The lives were taken by the Pentagon based upon imperialist designs to control large swaths of territory in Central, South and West Asia along with Africa. It was the Pentagon war planes directed by high-ranking military officials, intelligence operatives and politicians that killed and maimed millions over the last two-to-three decades.

        In addition to the mass killings, tens of millions more have been internally displaced and turned into refugees. The political, economic and military institutions of the U.S. and NATO countries are the ones that require prosecution, imprisonment and dismantlement in order for corrective justice to be achieved.

    • Environment

      • Defusing the Global Climate Emergency Depends on Defusing the Democracy Emergency

        This story originally appeared in The Guardian and is part of Covering Climate Now, a global journalism collaboration strengthening coverage of the climate story.

      • Opinion | Defusing Democracy Emergency Needed to Address Climate Emergency

        A year ago today, Mitch McConnell and Kevin McCarthy were fleeing for their lives as a violent mob swarmed the halls of the US Capitol. With their personal safety at risk, the two most powerful Republicans on Capitol Hill at last stood up to Donald Trump. In a heated phone call, McCarthy, the House minority leader, fruitlessly implored the president to call off the mob. Senate majority leader McConnell later called the rioters “terrorists” and said Trump was “morally responsible” for the violence.

      • Protecting US Democracy and Climate Action Are ‘Inseparable,’ Green Groups Tell Congress

        As people across the United States this week look back on last year’s January 6 insurrection, environmental advocacy groups came together to remind federal lawmakers and President Joe Biden that efforts to protect U.S. democracy and tackle the climate emergency are fundamentally connected.

        “Democracy, climate action, human rights, social equity, and environmental justice are inseparable.”

      • Echoing Climate Deniers, Washington Post Op-ed Imagines Electric Cars Stuck in Snow Instead of Gas Ones

        Originally published by ClimateDenierRoundup on Daily Kos.

        No one wants to get stuck in traffic. Or in the snow. Getting stuck in an all-day traffic jam because it snowed, well, that’s pretty much the worst. And that’s exactly what happened in Virginia this week, when hundreds of drivers spent all day stuck on the highway after a severe snowstorm turned a jackknifed semi from a relatively routine highway occurrence to a major SNAFU.

      • Carbon Justice and Global Survival

        If one would combine emissions from Australia’s exports with its local emissions, Australia contributes a colossal 3% to 4% to the world’s entire emissions. With a population less than the city of Shanghai (26.4 million), Australia (25.69 million) remains the world’s 6th largest emitter behind super-polluters like the USA, China, India, Russia and Japan.

        Globally, 76% of all emission are from fossil fuels to which corporations operating in Australia make a sizable contribution. Some of these corporations are what the philosopher Jeremy Moss calls carbon majors: BHP, Glencore, Yancoal, Peadbody, AngloAmerican, Chevron, Whitehaven, Woodside, ExxonMobil, and Santos. Combining their emissions results in them being the world’s 8th biggest contributors to global warming.

      • What is Pay-as-You-Throw?

        Many cities and towns around the world, including over 7,000 in the U.S., have pay-as-you-throw waste policies. Examples include Seattle, Berkeley, Austin and Portland, Maine.

        Large cities often require residents to purchase special trash bags or stickers so that they pay separately for every bag of trash. Or people may have to sign up for a certain level of waste collection service, which limits how much garbage they can set out on the curb.

      • Energy

        • Prosecutor Sought Funding From Oil Giant Enbridge to Jail Line 3 Water Protectors: Report

          With Canadian oil giant Enbridge pouring more than $4 million into a fund that was used by the law enforcement agencies which have arrested hundreds of people for protesting the company’s thousand-mile-long tar sands pipeline, the prosecutor who is bringing charges against the environmental defenders believed he was also entitled to benefit from the fund, according to an independent investigation.

          The Center for Protest Law and Litigation (CPLL) revealed Thursday that Jonathan Frieden, the lead prosecutor seeking to jail hundreds of opponents to the Line 3 pipeline, sought more than $12,000 last July from the so-called Line 3 Public Safety Escrow Trust, which the Minnesota Public Utilities Commission (PUC) ordered Enbridge to pay into as a condition of the pipeline’s construction.

        • In Disgusting Waste, Airlines Are Flying Thousands Of Completely Empty Jetliners: The Situation Is As Terrible As It Is Avoidable.

          Want more proof that we’re living in a late-stage capitalism hellscape? Look no further than Europe, where tens of thousands of empty planes are being flown due to an air traffic rule — while needlessly polluting the skies.

          As the English-language Belgian magazine The Bulletin reports, the Germany-based airline Lufthansa has operated 18,000 empty flights this winter alone due to a European Union rule requiring airlines to operate at least half of their scheduled flights in order to keep their spots at airports.

        • Lithium batteries’ big unanswered question

          As the world looks to electrify vehicles and store renewable power, one giant challenge looms: what will happen to all the old lithium batteries?

      • Wildlife/Nature

        • Globe at Night 2022: Can You See the Stars?

          Every year, the Globe at Night international community science campaign raises awareness about the impact of light pollution by inviting community scientists to measure and submit night sky brightness observations. All you need is a computer, tablet, or smartphone! And their webapp is now available in 28 languages!

    • Finance

      • Workers at First Unionized Starbucks Walk Off Job to Protest Working Conditions
      • We Must Have Accountability for Corporate Crime

        Climate change has gone from the theoretical to slapping us in the face.

        From drought and fires that killed hundreds in California, to massive tornadoes ripping apart Kentucky, to sea-level rise and flooding cities, America is being hammered and Americans are dying.  Right now.

      • Opinion | Child Tax Credit Ends, But Corporate Giveaways Continue

        Last week I suggested that Trump maintains a hold on a large fraction of America because he fills a void created by a system that has left them behind. I followed with the question raised by Frank Capra’s iconic film “It’s a Wonderful Life,” in which the greedy Mr. Potter tries to take over Bedford Falls: Do we join together or let the Potters of America own and run everything?

      • Opinion | Corporations Are Selling Out Democracy for Political Influence

        One year ago, the foundation of our democracy was jeopardized in a full-blown coup attempt by seditionists egged on by former president Donald Trump. People died.

      • Green Party calls for an end to gross CEO pay inequality on Fat Cat Friday

        The Greens are calling for CEO salaries to be no more than 10 times the amount that their company’s lowest-paid workers receive, arguing that the Covid-19 pandemic has shown more than ever the harmful impacts of inequality.

      • Counterpoint on Venture Capital

        My personal experience working with VCs was very positive, but it was (a) a long time ago and (b) they were top-flight firms (Sutter Hill and Sequoia). I’ve been very skeptical of the current state of the VC industry in Venture Capital Isn’t Working and Venture Capital Isn’t Working: Addendum. Steven J. Dubner’s Is Venture Capital the Secret Sauce of the American Economy? presents a far more optimistic view, as does The Economist’s The bright new age of venture capital. On my side of the argument are Fred Wilson’s Seed Rounds At $100mm Post Money and the Wall St. Journal’s The $900 Billion Cash Pile Inflating Startup Valuations.

        Below the fold, some discussion of these opposing views.

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • Randall Kennedy Says It Loud

        For over three decades, Randall Kennedy, the Michael R. Klein Professor at Harvard Law School, has made one bold intervention after another in the most pressing social issues of the day. Not only has he written at length on such subjects as interracial marriage, affirmative action, and crime and policing, but his work has touched off controversies regarding his nuanced defense of the “politics of Black respectability,” his thinking on racial nomenclature and the variety of ways for describing the collective identity of Black Americans, and his critiques of “anti-racism gone awry” on college campuses.

      • Treasonous Clowns
      • A Recall Referendum in Venezuela will be a Failure If Attempted

        Author Roger Harris offers a 2021 political review of our Latin-American and Caribbean region vis-a-vis the United States and he notes accurately the “popular electoral victories in Chile, Honduras, and Peru”. Then we had the landslide re-election of president Daniel Ortega in Nicaragua and the major victory of Venezuela’s governing party PSUV in the regional and municipal elections that consolidated the support for the Bolivarian revolution even when “the extreme right opposition (including Guaidó’s party) was compelled to participate, implicitly recognizing the Maduro government.”

        But the extreme right opposition (at odds with the democratic opposition that participated in the elections and accepted the results) may already be plotting its next move in order to produce the regime change master minded by the US in Venezuela. The plot involves a referendum to recall president Nicolas Maduro.

      • A Warning: Will the 2024 Election End U.S. Democracy?

        On the 6th, this force congealed around an autocratic leader, a complicit political establishment, a legion of enraged supporting troops and a hefty bankroll.  This force is redefining the political landscape.  Most consequential, they may win the 2024 presidential election and end U.S. democracy.

        The U.S. begins the new year as a nation besieged by an economic recession, overwhelmed by a global pandemic, witness to endless invocations of a new Cold War and powerless in the face of an ever-deepening environmental crisis.  No wonder for many the Trump insurgency seems but just another wave in an increasingly turbulent sea.

      • Sir Tony Blair: Bloody Knight of the Realm

        The recently knighted Tony Blair is certainly not one to bother.  His name appeared in the Queen’s New Year’s Honours list, having been made a Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter.  “It is an immense honour,” came the statement from the foundation that bears his name, “to be appointed Knight Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, and I am deeply grateful to Her Majesty the Queen.”

        Others begged to differ.  Within hours, a petition launched by Angus Scott calling for the rescission of the award garnered thousands of signatures.  (To date, the number is 755,879.)  The award, says the petition, is “the oldest and most senior British Order of Chivalry.”  It asserts that Blair “caused irreparable damage to both the constitution of the United Kingdom and to the very fabric of the nation’s society.  He was personally responsible for causing the death of countless innocent, civilian lives and servicemen in various conflicts.  For this alone he should be held accountable for war crimes.”

      • Opinion | Famous Last Words: I Was There When Democracy Fell

        During this just-behind-us holiday season, occasionally I cruised our zillions of television channels and watched some movies, and it occurred to me that once upon a time, and not too long ago, on almost every one of our TV shows and in our films, bullies and crooks were the enemy.

      • “Why Was the Federal Gov’t So Unprepared?” Newsweek Reporter William Arkin on Jan. 6

        One year since Trump supporters staged a violent mob attack on the U.S. Capitol in an attempt to stop the certification of Joe Biden’s presidency, we discuss exactly what was happening behind the scenes in the intelligence community that day. We are joined by Newsweek national security reporter William Arkin, who appeared on Democracy Now! just hours prior to the Capitol attack and predicted a violent outcome hours later. Arkin says the intelligence community failed to prepare for the strength of Trump’s movement and needs to beef up its approach in anticipation for the next insurrection or coup attempt. “It’s really stunning to me that we haven’t looked more closely at what the role of the federal agencies were, what the intelligence was and what the intelligence agencies knew,” says Arkin.

      • Grisham Says Trump “Gleefully” Watched as Loyalists Attacked Capitol a Year Ago
      • Over 150 Pro-Democracy Groups Demand Schumer Urgently Change Senate Rules to Pass Voting Rights

        On the anniversary of the January 6, 2021 right-wing attack on the U.S. Capitol, over 150 national and local pro-democracy organizations released a letter demanding Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer change the Senate rules in order to reform the filibuster and pass voting rights legislation.

        “We believe that changing the rules to bypass Republicans’ continued obstruction is the only way to pass meaningful democracy legislation, and we urge you not to wait any longer.”

      • Opinion | When a Sick Nation Comes Apart at the Seams

        Let me start 2022 by heading back—way, way back—for a moment.

      • Opinion | The Utterly Shocking Things Trumpers and His GOP Believe

        With the Republican Party turning to Trumpism, and the Democratic Party returning to their progressive roots, will we have an honest debate this election year in our media?

      • McConnell-Backed Election Reform Gambit Is a Trap, Advocates Warn
      • ‘It’s a Trap’: Advocates Warn Against McConnell-Backed Election Reform Gambit

        Since June, Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell and his Republican caucus have filibustered three separate Democratic voting rights bills, refusing to permit even a floor debate on the legislation as GOP-led states intensify their assault on the franchise.

        But with Senate Democrats gearing up for yet another attempt to strengthen federal voter protections, McConnell is signaling a willingness to cooperate with the majority party on a far more narrow reform effort—one that would entail tweaks to the obscure Electoral Count Act.

      • Ilhan Omar Warns ‘Next Coup Not Only Possible; It Has Already Begun’

        Congresswoman Ilhan Omar on Thursday marked the one-year anniversary of the January 6 assault on the U.S. Capitol with a dire warning to her fellow lawmakers and the nation: The next right-wing coup attempt “is not only possible; it has already begun.”

        With state-level GOP lawmakers moving to suppress the vote nationwide and insurrection-complicit Republicans still in positions of power in the U.S. Congress, Omar said in a statement that “the coup attempt on January 6th was a warning for what’s to come if we don’t act.”

      • Tutu Obits Underplay His Advocacy for Palestine

        Obituaries in the corporate and establishment press for South African Archbishop Desmond Tutu rightly celebrated him not only as one of the key leaders of the struggle against apartheid in his own country, but as a global advocate against oppression, including being a fierce Christian voice against homophobia.

      • Biden Is Finally Confronting Trump’s Big Lie — But There’s Much Left to Do
      • Reform the Insurrection Act: Former Pentagon Adviser Says Trump Almost Used It to Subvert Election

        Former Pentagon adviser Ryan Goodman says former President Trump could have used the Insurrection Act to hold onto power during the January 6, 2021, attack on the Capitol by his supporters. “There needs to be reform of the Insurrection Act,” says Goodman, who authored the report “Crisis of Command: The Pentagon, the President, and January 6” for Just Security, where he is co-editor. He also discusses how Republican leadership from Congress, as well as agency heads from the FBI and the Justice Department, waged a coordinated response around Trump’s claims of voter fraud in an attempt to increase Republican voter turnout in Georgia. “The Justice Department used a lot of its resources, including the FBI investigations, to basically affect the outcome of the Georgia runoffs,” says Goodman. “That’s an extraordinary politicized use of the Justice Department and the FBI to do anything like that, to try to use it to shape an outcome of the election.”

      • MSNBC Host to Navarro: Peaceful or Not, Trump Plot to Overturn Election “a Coup”
      • Elie Mystal: AG Garland Must Be More Aggressive, Hold Trump & Allies Accountable for Insurrection

        On the first anniversary of the deadly insurrection of January 6, when right-wing and white supremacist supporters of Donald Trump attacked the Capitol in an attempt to overturn the 2020 election, we speak with Elie Mystal of The Nation about the Department of Justice investigation, led by U.S. Attorney General Merrick Garland, who pledged Wednesday to bring everyone involved to “justice.” Mystal says Garland should be more aggressive and also pursue Donald Trump. “I want actual evidence that this man is willing to take on the powerful, politically connected Republicans who did this to us, and so far I don’t see that evidence,” says Mystal. So far, 725 rioters have been arrested on smaller charges.

      • “White Rage” Author Carol Anderson: GOP Attack on “Election Fraud” Really an Attack on Black Voters

        Many events marking the first anniversary of the deadly January 6 insurrection at the U.S. Capitol are focusing on voting rights, as false claims about voter fraud have fueled Republican efforts to restrict voting access, especially for Black voters. Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer vowed Tuesday to proceed with a vote to change the filibuster rule to prevent Republicans from blocking new voting rights legislation. Professor Carol Anderson, author of “White Rage” and “One Person, No Vote,” says former President Trump’s false claims about voter fraud prompted a wave in 2021 of some of the most aggressive and racist assaults on voting rights in recent U.S. history. “It is Jim Crow 2.0,” Anderson says of Republican voter suppression waged through state legislation. “It is designed to make sure we have minority rule in the United States, that we don’t have a democracy.”

      • GOP Attack on “Election Fraud” Is Really an Attack on Black Voters
      • On Anniversary of Insurrection, Advocates Demand DC Statehood

        As people nationwide marked the first anniversary of the U.S. Capitol attack amid rising concerns about American democracy, District of Columbia residents and advocates for full representation renewed calls for congressional action on D.C. statehood.

        “The safety of our community and the sanctity of our democracy are on the line.”

      • Trump Thrashed for Lie-Laden Response to Biden Jan. 6 Anniversary Address

        Former U.S. President Donald Trump was raked Thursday for doubling down on his “Big Lie” that the 2020 presidential election was “stolen” in a series of spurious statements responding to President Joe Biden’s address marking the one-year anniversary of the deadly January 6, 2021 attack on the U.S. Capitol.

        “Attempting to overturn the election results and stop our country’s sacred tradition of a peaceful transition of power is divisive. Demanding accountability is not.”

      • Moscow calls unrest in Kazakhstan an ‘externally incited’ insurrection by ‘trained and organized armed formations’

        Russian officials view this week’s protests in Kazakhstan as an “externally incited” attempt to undermine the security and integrity of the state, diplomats in Moscow announced in a statement published on the Foreign Ministry’s website on Thursday.

      • Technically legal How Kazakhstan won peacekeepers from a Russian-led military alliance

        On January 6, Russian paratroopers from the Collective Rapid Reaction Force (KSOR) of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) began arriving in Kazakhstan. This marked the start of the first military operation by the combined forces of the six former Soviet states that make up the military alliance, which has existed now for nearly 20 years. The legality of today’s operation in Kazakhstan is questionable, insofar as the use of collective force in the absence of external aggression against a CSTO member state is not codified in the organization’s charter (though neither is it strictly prohibited). In the past, CSTO members have been reluctant to treat domestic turmoil as a collective security threat. In fact, CSTO states have refused multiple times to deploy combined rapid reaction forces due to the lack of external aggression in a member country experiencing a crisis.

      • Kazakhstan’s revolt continues Thousands arrested, dozens killed, and gunfire in Almaty as authorities crackdown on protesters

        With Kazakhstan under a state of emergency due to mass protests, the Collective Security Treaty Organization deployed troops to the country on January 6 to help quell the unrest. Earlier, Kazakhstani President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev issued several emergency orders to his cabinet, calling for the formation of a special group to carry out investigations and prosecutions regarding the demonstrations and rioting. Meanwhile, lines formed outside grocery stores, ATMs, and gas stations as people scrambled to buy food and fuel and withdraw cash. Banks have shut down across the country and Internet access remains intermittent. Tasked with dispersing the remaining demonstrators, the Kazakhstani Interior Ministry has vowed to “destroy” anyone who refuses to “lay down arms.”

      • ‘This is a turning point’ In a dispatch from Almaty, a local journalist shares an eyewitness account of Kazakhstan’s uprising

        Developments in Kazakhstan have evolved rapidly since demonstrations began on January 2. Under pressure from nationwide protests, President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev dismissed the cabinet and removed Nursultan Nazarbayev from his lifetime post as chairman of the National Security Council on January 5. By that evening, it appeared as though protesters had taken complete control of Kazakhstan’s largest city, Almaty. But the military soon returned to the city and launched an “anti-terrorist operation.” According to official reports, by the morning of January 6, dozens of protesters had died and police had arrested around 2,000 people. In a dispatch for Meduza, local journalist Aysulu Toyshibekova offers an eyewitness account from the streets of Almaty.

      • From ‘demonstrators’ to ‘terrorists’: How Kazakhstani officials changed the way they talk about the unrest now sweeping the nation

        Protests in western Kazakhstan against suddenly doubled fuel costs began on January 2 and quickly spiraled into wider, nationwide unrest, including violent clashes with the authorities. Dozens have reportedly been killed in clashes, and police officials say several officers have died, as well. In cities like Zhanaozen, demonstrators’ demands have become more and more political. Following these developments, the nation’s authorities have also changed the way they talk about the unrest, using increasingly extreme rhetoric.

      • Overnight developments in Kazakhstan’s uprising CSTO peacekeepers have been deployed, and an ‘antiterrorist operation’ is underway against protesters and rioters

        The Collective Security Treaty Organization has deployed troops to Kazakhstan, the organization confirmed officially to the news agency Interfax. The contingent of peacekeepers includes units from Russia, Belarus, Armenia, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan. The decision to send soldiers was reached based on “the threat to the Republic of Kazakhstan’s national security and sovereignty caused, among other things, by outside interference,” Armenian Prime Minister and acting CSTO Collective Security Council Chairman Nikol Pashinyan explained in an announcement on Wednesday.

      • US war lobby fuels conflict in Russia, Ukraine, and Syria: ex-Pentagon advisor
      • More Russian Cyber Operations against Ukraine
      • [Old] UN chief: Dag Hammarskjöld ‘set the highest standard for public service’

        Mr. Hammarskjöld was appointed Secretary-General in 1953, at just 47, still the youngest person to ever hold the UN’s top job. On 18 September 1961, during his second term, he died on a plane crash while en route to negotiate a ceasefire in the Congo.

      • [Old] Dag Hammarskjöld’s Legacy Endures 60 Years on from Ndola

        On 18 September 1961, Dag Hammarskjöld and the persons accompanying him died tragically in a plane crash in Ndola, Zambia. Although his life was abruptly cut short, his legacy and ideals live on as a source of inspiration, as evidenced by the events held in his honour this month.

      • [Old] Was the mysterious death of Dag Hammarskjold murder?

        The third explanation is that another plane flew near the Albertina as it tried to land, either deliberately or accidentally, causing it to crash, either by forcing it to take evasive action or by downing it with warning shots. This would explain the eyewitness accounts, as well as tidbits other theories struggle with. In 2015 the UN reopened its investigation. Its first report found this explanation “plausible” and suggested that the governments involved ought to prove that they had made exhaustive checks of their records. It will report again in 2022.

      • Opposition activist found dead, Omicron gains ground, Viktor Orban to meet Vladimir Putin and a plea for money

        Gergely Homonnay , a Hungarian writer and political activist close to opposition party DK, was found dead in Rome.

        Homonnay has been living in Rome for a while. He published three books, each of which presented the events of the world from the perspective of his cat, Erzsi.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • Right-Wing Hate Speech Runs Rampant in India’s Elections

        The reference to “their” and “them” in her speech was clear to everyone in the room and anyone who watched her clip, which circulated widely on social media and on television channels in India. Sadhvi Annapurna was referring to the 204 million Muslims of India. “Even if 100 of us are ready to kill 20 lakh [2 million] of them, then we will be victorious and are ready to go to jail,” she said.

        Despite calls by some sections of society, including a group of retired government officials, to investigate and arrest the organizers and speakers of the Dharma Sansad for making these provocative hate speeches, the police in the state of Uttarakhand did not take any “serious action” against those who tried to incite violence through this event, stated government officials in a letter they sent to Uttarakhand’s Chief Minister Pushkar Singh Dhami “condemning his government’s response” to the Dharma Sansad. Uttarakhand is governed by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), whose leader Narendra Modi is the prime minister of India.

      • Lucille Ball may have prevailed over censorship, but on Dick Van Dyke’s show, it was another story

        “If you don’t air it,” Carl told them, “I’m walking off the show.” The episode was broadcast in Canada and though there were no letters of protest, the network refused to run it in America. Carl followed through on his threat, and Dick decided he didn’t want to go forward without him. After three seasons, the series went off the air.

    • Freedom of Information/Freedom of the Press

      • NPR’s losing top talent — everyone has a theory why

        However, before we fully get into it, I do want to say I wasn’t able to speak to any of these hosts directly, and I’m sure, one day, when they’re wanting to share more, we’ll receive the real reasons behind their leaving. Much of this is informed theorizing and feelings, and I think we all know the decision to leave a job is typically highly personal, so let’s assume there’s a combination of things happening, including the X factor of pandemic burnout and restlessness. Now, for what I’m hearing.

      • Two journalists shot dead by gang in Haiti

        Two journalists in Haiti were killed Thursday by a gang operating on the outskirts of the capital Port-au-Prince, according to the radio station that employed one of the victims.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • The Making Of A Moral Panic, Courtesy Of The NY Times

        We’ve been talking a bit lately about how the media creates moral panics, especially ones that blame social media for problems that are much more likely mostly created by the media themselves.

      • Appeals Court Denies Immunity To Bored Cop Who Decided To Turn A Natural Death Into A Murder

        What happens when you add a bored cop to a cold case? Bad things. Very bad things. That’s the moral of the story conveyed by this Seventh Circuit Appeals Court decision [PDF].

      • Rethinking Progress in a Time of Crisis

        The challenge is to continue to imagine and build alternatives to what Mary Berry has called “the siren song of limitlessness.” To this point, we’ve been woefully unable to resist that song, the result being tragic homogenization of the world under “extractive, reductive capitalism.” The loss of cultural diversity throughout the world is perhaps the single greatest tragedy of this process of homogenization. As Winona LaDuke has pointed out, “cultural diversity is as critical as biological diversity.” Indeed, genuine cultural diversity seems likely to be a precondition for responsible, future-oriented use of natural resources. The richness and diversity of human culture is the treasure to be protected because it is the source of the energy and ideas needed to reconsider prevailing thinking on the meaning of progress and growth. Cultural diversity is the “real, not token, human diversity,” allowing us to understand the world in different ways, ways that challenge the global system at the deepest levels of analysis. It is among the defining pathologies of our global civilization that it cannot imagine, much less comprehend, values that can’t be bought or sold in the capitalist market. To accept today’s idea of progress, one must take it for granted that the varying social and economic systems of all countries should be subsumed under a master global operating system, capitalism. As David C. Korten has noted,

        Proponents of capitalism like to call theirs a free market system. There is a benefit to refusing to grant them this, refusing to allow corporations and their servants in the state and the press to cloak themselves in the language of freedom and rugged individualism, as if capitalism isn’t a human-designed system of violence and theft. What will ultimately prove persuasive to those who have swallowed the dogmas of unlimited growth is they have misunderstood their cherished principle of free markets; they have used that principle, unobjectionable when properly understood, to defend a system that could hardly be more different from a legitimate free market.

      • New York Times Parent Company Interfered With Union Efforts, Labor Board Says
      • Baltimore Police Union Blames City’s Murder Rate On Defunding Efforts That Never Happened

        In response to the killing of a Baltimore police officer, the head of the Baltimore police union, Mike Mancuso, has decided to accuse everyone who doesn’t love cops as being responsible for her killing. The statement from the Baltimore City Fraternal Order of Police (FOP) was delivered via Twitter, portraying itself as an “Open Letter to the People of Baltimore.”

      • No Other Way to Live: Why Ai Weiwei Left China

        “I refuse to accept the idea that the state’s authority can’t be opposed, challenged, or interrogated. In the face of power, I would always be at a disadvantage, I knew, but I was a born contrarian, and there’s no other way for me to live except by taking an oppositional stance,” Ai Weiwei, China’s most famous artist and activist in exile, wrote in 1000 Years of Joys and Sorrows, an autobiography published in November.

      • What Conservative Justices Talk About When They Talk About Religious Liberty

        We have reached the point where the US Supreme Court has become one of the greatest threats to public health and welfare in this country. At a moment when many thousands of people are falling ill every day with Covid and state legislatures are taunting the Supreme Court by passing hundreds of laws that blatantly violate long-recognized constitutional rights relating to gun safety, reproductive rights, and voting, the court’s conservative justices insist that the most pressing constitutional emergency today is a conjured threat to religious liberty.

      • Homeland Security has devolved into a nearly rogue agency — accused of spying on journalists and activists
      • Time Is All We Have. We Can’t Let the Boss Take It From Us.

        Unions fight for more pay for workers. But workers also need to have time for themselves and their friends and families. Overtime pay and raises can’t replace what we need more than anything else: our time back.

      • Welcoming Our Robot Overlords

        Amazon has amassed a kind of empire that most colonizers, not to mention entrepreneurs, could only dream of. It has achieved massive scale at conventional standards: The company boasts a healthy market capitalization of nearly $1.7 trillion dollars, buoyed by a recent massive increase in profit margins as the pandemic forced many into online purchases. It’s responsible for 40 percent of all US e-commerce and nearly 10 percent of online retail sales on the entire planet. Its true source of imperial majesty, though, might not be the hundreds of millions of packages it ships per month at all, but something far more ephemeral: its “vast empire of customer data.”

        Maybe Amazon’s empire isn’t a group of executives that manage some important machines. Maybe Amazon’s empire is a machine. Our robot overlords are already here, and they came with articles of incorporation.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • Shitty U.S. Broadband Maps Are A Feature, Not A Bug

        We’ve noted a few times now how the U.S. is preparing to spend $42 billion to shore up broadband access, despite not actually knowing where broadband is or isn’t available. It’s part of a multi-decade effort to fix mediocre broadband without using real world data to actually do it, and without acknowledging that the primary reason U.S. is mired in mediocrity is thanks to regional monopolization and the vast state and federal corruption that protects it.

      • China: Algorithm law for „positive energy“

        The government in Beijing has passed a globally unique regulation for consumer protection on the internet

      • Kazakhstan: No internet and cryptocurrency problems

        To stop protests, the government in Nur-Sultan restricts digital communication

      • Massive internet outages continue to sow confusion amid Kazakhstan protests – The Record by Recorded Future

        Nation-level internet traffic was cut off in Kazakhstan this week in the latest example of a petrostate trying to use shutdowns to quell protests and sow confusion.

        Early reports of communications disruptions started coming in on January 2, the first day people took to the streets in Almaty and other cities to protest fuel price increases and deteriorating economic conditions. Those reports were limited to localized mobile network interference and blocks on traffic to certain messaging services, including Telegram and Signal, Natalia Krapiva, Tech Legal Counsel at digital rights group Access Now said.

        The first wave of broad internet shutdowns started at 4:45 pm local time on January 5, according to data from network monitoring firm Kentik. Internet service was again disrupted early Thursday, according to NetBlocks.

        ⚠️ Confirmed: #Kazakhstan is again in the midst of a nation-scale internet blackout as of early morning Thursday.

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • To End ‘Variant Whack-a-Mole,’ Study Says World Needs 22 Billion More mRNA Vaccine Doses

          With the ultra-contagious Omicron strain pushing global Covid-19 cases to record highs, a new study published Wednesday estimates that the world needs 22 billion additional mRNA vaccine doses to overcome the surging variant and prevent future mutations from emerging.

          Compiled by public health experts at PrEP4All and Partners in Health in collaboration with scientists from Harvard Medical School and other prominent institutions, the study warns that current vaccine production capacity is nowhere near where it must be to ensure adequate inoculation rates in every country.

      • Copyrights

        • Parody Post About Sega Suing Its Fans Perfectly Lampoons Nintendo

          We have long chronicled the aggressive IP enforcement tactics and behavior of video game giant Nintendo. There have been so many stories specifically about Nintendo’s animosity towards its fans when those fans express their fandom by creating fan-games that any regular reader here will be familiar with at least some of them. While gaming company responses towards fan-games are certainly more of a spectrum than something black and white, Nintendo probably takes the crown for the least permissive gaming company for this sort of thing. So much so, in fact, that we highlighted its former chief rival, Sega, when it took the opposite tact with folks making Sonic the Hedgehog fan-games.

        • Top Disney Lawyer To Become Top Copyright Office Lawyer, Because Who Cares About The Public Interest?

          People at the Copyright Office seem to get mad at me every time I suggest that the Copyright Office is captured by Hollywood, and pointing out how top officials there all seem to bounce back and forth between the Copyright Office and Hollywood.

        • FBI Arrests Man For Fraudulently Obtaining Leaks of 100s of Pre-Release Books

          The FBI has arrested a man who impersonated publishers and literary agents in order to fraudulently obtain hundreds of pre-release novels and other books in electronic form. Filippo Bernardini, 29, who worked at UK publisher Simon & Schuster, was detained upon arrival at JFK International Airport yesterday.

        • Call of Duty Cheat Maker ‘EngineOwning’ Sued By Activision Under The DMCA

          Activision has filed a copyright infringement lawsuit against business entities and individuals allegedly offering cheats for its Call of Duty games. According to the complaint, the defendants supply tools via EngineOwning.to that violate the anti-circumvention provisions of the DMCA, spoil the gaming experience for legitimate players, and damage Activision’s reputation.

01.06.22

Links 6/1/2022: KDE Gear 21.12 and LibreOffice 7.2.5

Posted in News Roundup at 6:11 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • LWN’s 2021 retrospective

      The first prediction made in January was that the world would emerge from the depths of the pandemic, and that in-person events would return. Needless to say, things didn’t quite work out that way. The pandemic is still very much with us (and possibly about to take another turn for the worse) and, while a few in-person gatherings did take place toward the end of the year, most Linux events are still being held online. The free-software community does still appear to be holding up well, though; it may be true that staying home and interacting with our screens is all we ever wanted to do in the first place.

      The prediction that support for CentOS 8 would end was, obviously, obvious; that is still scheduled to happen at the end of this year. Tied to that prediction was a suggestion that, in fact, CentOS 8 Stream might turn out to be good enough for many users, and perhaps even better for some. The lack of “CentOS 8 Stream broke my production system” stories suggests that may have come true, at least to an extent, though it is hard to know for sure.

      We also included the prediction that there would be attempts to recreate old-style CentOS 8; given that those attempts were already underway at the time, we cannot claim credit for a lot of foresight. We highlighted Rocky Linux as the highest-profile effort, but lamented its lack of public discussions. Rocky Linux is still out there, and some public mailing lists have been added, but anybody looking for insights in the rocky-devel archives will be disappointed. Meanwhile, AlmaLinux appears to have stolen the spotlight and seems to be doing well, though its communication channels are not particularly friendly to casual browsers. In any case, the prediction that “most or all” of the CentOS 8 recreation efforts were likely to fail does not appear to have been borne out, so far at least.

    • A farewell to LWN

      Back at the beginning of 2020, it was predicted that retirements would increase during this decade. In 2021, the prediction was that retirements would increase over the next couple of years. It is happening and LWN is no exception. I am retiring at the end of this year after more than 20 years with LWN.
      So who am I and how did I get here? To some, I’m a name at the bottom of some LWN page. To a few, I’m the one that reminds them when their LWN group subscription is about to expire. You might have even met me at a conference. Not that I have been to very many. Mostly I tend to be quietly in the background watching the LWN mailbox, looking for brief items and quotes of the week (sorry I haven’t found much lately), proofreading articles, managing subscriptions, and more. But I’m older than most of you and this is my last LWN weekly edition. Getting here is a bit of story.

      I got my first paying job in 1968 when I was in my late teens. It had nothing to do with computers. It was 10 years later when I decided to study computers and programming. After graduating from high school I had various, low-paying odd jobs, until finally I was ready for more education. I started going to Colorado Mountain College, located near Glenwood Springs, in the mid-1970s. I took a lot of math and physics classes, skied in the winter, and rafted the Colorado River in the summer. Just before I graduated in 1978, I had a class where one assignment was to write a program in BASIC. I forget what kind of computer it was; an early type of PC that belonged to one of the professors. It was my first encounter with programming a computer and I wanted to learn more; something that could lead to a real career.

      I decided to take a year off and then go to the University of Colorado (CU) and study computers. If I had any doubts about that decision, they were quenched after spending the winter shoveling snow in the little ski resort town of Snowmass Village. One week the high temperature was -20 F. Another week it snowed so much that all I did was shovel the same staircase over and over and couldn’t keep up. Cold and snow was replaced by spring cleanup, when the snow melts away and reveals lots of trash and lost items; the $100 bill was a nice find, but mostly it’s picking up trash. Then the boss offered me a job as a manager and in the conversation that followed he told me “no woman in the world is worth $5/hour, ever”. While the two summers spent working for the Snowmass Village golf course were more pleasant and I did get a raise to $5/hour before I left, I wanted a better paying office job for the future.

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • System76 Teases the Kudu Linux Laptop for Expert Multitaskers

        System76’s Kudu laptop features a 15.6-inch Full HD (1920×1080) matte finish display with 144Hz refresh rate and it’ss powered by an AMD Ryzen 9 5900HX processor with 8 cores and 16 threads, running at 3.3 GHz and up to 4.6 GHz, an NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3060 graphics card, up to 64 GB DDR4 3200 MHz RAM, and up to 4TB M.2 SSD storage.

      • System76 tease their new ‘Kudu’ laptop with the AMD Ryzen 9 5900HX

        Looking for a new high-end laptop for your Linux needs? System76, makers of Pop!_OS have teased their latest with the Kudu that blends together the worlds of AMD and NVIDIA.

        “The Kudu laptop is for expert multitaskers. The rub-belly-pat-head types. The Mach 12 errand runners. The kind of thinker who can open 10 doors with 1 makeshift key.

        Whatever your missions, get them done faster with the Kudu laptop. Between the H-class CPU and 3000-Series NVIDIA graphics, you’ll be the ultimate conductor in a multitasking concerto.” — System76.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • KDE News & Merge Requests + WE NEED YOU! – Kockatoo Tube
      • 2022 Is The Year Of Improving The Linux Desktop! – Invidious

        2021 was a pretty awful year but what it was great for was criticism of the Linux desktop status quo, so let’s take that criticism into 2022 and improve the Linux desktop.

      • Going Linux #416 · Listener Feedback

        We remember former co-host, Tom. We have several submissions about file permissions, Linux recommendations for different types of computer users, help for when sound levels drop, and advice on distro hopping. Bhikhu’s suggestion: /dev/sda1 /mnt/sda1 ntfs defaults,noauto,fmask=133,dmask=022,comment=x-gvfs-show 0 0 /dev/sda2 /mnt/sda2 ntfs defaults,noauto,fmask=111,dmask=000,comment=x-gvfs-show 0 0

      • Linux Action News 222

        GnuPG has some great news, Libadwaita 1.0 has arrived and we share our thoughts, plus a big batch of updates from the Matrix project.

    • Kernel Space

      • SA_IMMUTABLE and the hazards of messing with signals

        There are some parts of the kernel where even the most experienced and capable developers fear to tread; one of those is surely the code that implements signals. The nature of the signal API almost guarantees that any implementation will be full of subtle interactions and complexities, and the version in Linux doesn’t disappoint. So the inclusion of a signal-handling change late in the 5.16 merge window might have been expected to have the potential for difficulties; it didn’t disappoint either.

      • Oracle Working On Multi-Threaded VFIO Page Pinning For ~10x Faster QEMU Initialization – Phoronix

        For those assigning VFIO devices to guest virtual machines, the initialization/start-up process may soon be much faster with a set of patches volleyed by Oracle.

        Oracle engineers have been working on multi-threaded VFIO page pinning to speed-up the initialization process and can be quite noticeable impact for large guest VMs.

      • Linux 5.16′s Great Features Include FUTEX2, Folios, AMD Rembrandt, Intel AMX & Much More – Phoronix

        After a quiet holiday period the Linux 5.16 kernel is set to be introduced as stable this Sunday. Here is a look at the sixteen most exciting features to find with Linux 5.16.

        At the end of the merge window I posted my usual look at the changes I found most interesting with the Linux 5.16 feature overview. See that for the lengthy list of new features while here is a recap of what’s to be found in this new kernel version. Linux 5.16 is what will hopefully be powering the likes of Ubuntu 22.04 LTS with v5.17 not arriving as stable until around the end of March and that in turn cutting things too close.

    • Benchmarks

      • Intel’s Linux OS Shows The Importance Of Software Optimizations, Further Optimized Xeon “Ice Lake” In 2021

        As part of the various end-of-year Linux comparisons that I’ve made a habit of over the past 17 years, with the EOY 2021 benchmarking I was rather curious to see how Intel’s Clear Linux distribution has evolved Xeon Scalable “Ice Lake” performance since that platform launched in Q2’2021. It turns out there have been some terrific optimizations squeezed out of that latest-generation Xeon Scalable platform on Intel’s Clear Linux. In this article is a look at the Ubuntu and Clear Linux performance on the flagship Xeon Platinum 8380 2P reference server back around the time Ice Lake launched and then again using the latest software packages that closed out 2021.

      • Firefox 95 vs. Chrome 97 Browser Performance On Linux – Phoronix

        With starting a new year, it’s an interesting time to take a fresh look at how the latest Mozilla Firefox and Google Chrome web browsers are competing on the Linux desktop.

        The recently released Chrome 97 was put up against Firefox 95 for seeing how these two major Linux browsers currently compete.

    • Applications

      • Daniel Vrátil: QCoro 0.5.0 Release Announcement

        It took a few months, but there’s a new release of QCoro with some new cool features. This change contains a breaking change in CMake, wich requires QCoro users to adjust their CMakeLists.txt. I sincerely hope this is the last breaking change for a very long time.

        [...]

        This change mostly affects packagers of QCoro. It is now possible to install both Qt5 and Qt6 versions of QCoro alongside each other without conflicting files. The shared libraries now contain the Qt version number in their name (e.g. libQCoro6Core.so) and header files are also located in dedicated subdirectories (e.g. /usr/include/qcoro6/{qcoro,QCoro}). User of QCoro should not need to do any changes to their codebase.

      • Inferno on the Ben NanoNote

        The port of Inferno that got me interested in trying to create my own ports is the inferno-rpi port for the Raspberry Pi. The series of labs that yshurik wrote made it seem possible that I could do something similar. I tried to start my own port to the Gumstix Overo back in 2016, but quickly realised I didn’t know enough about the porting process.

        In 2018, in an article that covered Limbo, Go and Inferno, I mentioned working on a port of Inferno to the Efika MX Smartbook. This was put on hold for most of the time I was working as a contractor because the work didn’t really leave me with enough free time to do anything. However, in mid-2020, when the gig I was doing couldn’t pay for full-time work, I got the chance to revisit the port. It continued for a couple of months until the hardware wouldn’t boot any more. Until I can find a debug board for it, that port isn’t going anywhere.

        What inspired me and made me more confident about even continuing the Smartbook port was a brief diversion into retrocomputing and software archaeology. I had seen Rob Pike’s ancient e-mail about Inferno On The ARM Processor and had read that there was once a port to Acorn’s A7000 computer. The code was no longer present in the Inferno repository, so I thought I could redo it. (Actually, it turned out that the code was present in one of the historical archives, now available in a git repository.) Since the ARM code compilers still had support for ARMv4 targets, it was possible to get something up and running using bits and pieces of other ARM ports, and the A7000+ port was created as a proof of concept, using RPCEmu to test it.

      • WirePlumber 0.4.6 Released For Managing PipeWire

        Helping make PipeWire suitable for the Linux desktop so quickly has been WirePlumber as a more featureful alternative to PipeWire’s default session manager. Out today is WirePlumber 0.4.6 as the latest step forward on that front.

        2022 will hopefully be the year that we find PipeWire to be common among desktop Linux distributions for managing audio/video streams and further build off its successes that really got going in 2021. With the rise of PipeWire is also WirePlumber for session/policy management that wraps the PipeWire APIs and offers a modular design.

      • New software on the horizon?

        What is the difference for example Ubuntu’s Repository and the one built? Almost 1/2 a Million less errors. I used 2 computers to build the repository. Took them weeks. Now I hope you can understand why I am building a ThreadRipper Pro. Right now it has been loaded to a local server & is being tested to build an Operating System w/o error(s). Scary stuff huh?

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • Send desktop notifications and reminders from Linux terminal | Opensource.com

        Sometimes it’s useful to get visual feedback from a script. For example, when a script or cron job completes, a long-running build fails, or there is an urgent problem during script execution. Desktop applications can do this with popup notifications, but it can be done from a script too! You can use script commands to send yourself desktop notifications and reminders.

      • Must-have open source cheat sheets for 2022 | Opensource.com

        You can’t remember every command or shortcut you need to use. We are all human. Usually, I keep notes on separate bits of paper and in notebooks. This has led to some serious dysfunction on my desk. There is some five years’ worth of clutter in scribbled bits everywhere. 2021′s cheat sheets will bring that clutter down a notch. From JavaScript to Linux, there’s something in this list for you.

      • Classic SysAdmin: Understanding Linux File Permissions – Linux Foundation

        This is a classic article written by Jack Wallen from the Linux.com archives. For more great SysAdmin tips and techniques check out our free intro to Linux course.

        Although there are already a lot of good security features built into Linux-based systems, one very important potential vulnerability can exist when local access is granted – – that is file permission-based issues resulting from a user not assigning the correct permissions to files and directories. So based upon the need for proper permissions, I will go over the ways to assign permissions and show you some examples where modification may be necessary.

      • How To Install Observium on Debian 11 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Observium on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, Observium is a network monitoring software written in PHP. It supports Linux and Windows operating systems and network hardware like Cisco, Juniper, Brocade, Foundry, HP, and other important network devices vendors.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of Observium network monitoring on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

      • How to install Neptune 7.0 “Faye” – Invidious
      • Opening Files Quickly from Inside vim
      • How to install FreeCAD on Elementary OS 6.0 – Invidious

        In this video, we are looking at how to install FreeCAD on Elementary OS 6.0.

      • How to install Gimp on a Chromebook

        Today we are looking at how to install Gimp on a Chromebook. Please follow the video/audio guide as a tutorial where we explain the process step by step and use the commands below.

      • How to Install OpenJDK 17 on Fedora 35 – LinuxCapable

        Java is a general-purpose, class-based, object-oriented multipurpose programming language that is popular due to the design of having lesser implementation dependencies, meaning that the compiled Java code can be run on all platforms that support Java without the need for recompilation. Java is also fast, secure, and reliable, therefore. It is widely used for developing Java applications in laptops, data centers, game consoles, scientific supercomputers, cell phones, etc.

        The tutorial will install the OpenJDK version instead of the default Oracle JDK. The difference between these two is licensing. OpenJDK is an entirely free open-source Java with a GNU General Public License, and Oracle JDK requires a commercial license under the Oracle Binary Code License Agreement. Other differences are release schedules and other factors that come into play; however, performance is pretty much the same.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install the latest OpenJDK 17 LTS on Fedora 35 Workstation or Server.

      • How to Install MongoDB 5.0 on Debian 11 Bullseye – LinuxCapable

        MongoDB is a free and open-source cross-platform document database. The software is characterized as a NoSQL database, a tool for storing JSON, or even a Document Database with optional schemas.

      • Bash scripting(I)

        This is the first article of a series focused in Gnu Bash scripting. It’s not a complete course on bash programing, but at the end you should learn one or two things. I mean, useful things that’ll help make your life easier.

      • How to Cinnamon Desktop Environment on Fedora 35 – LinuxCapable

        Cinnamon Desktop Environment is a free, open-source desktop environment based on X Window System created from GNOME 3 by the Linux Community that was frustrated and disappointed with GNOME 3. Cinnamon offers a smart, clean look that is less bloated than alternative desktop environments and focuses on speed and flexibility.

        Cinnamon is the default desktop environment choice for Linux Mint, as many veteran Linux distro hoppers would know and are actively maintained by them. A bonus feature of installing the Cinnamon desktop environment on Fedora is that it uses the GDM display manager, making it easy to switch between GNOME and Cinnamon environments.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install this alternative desktop environment on your Fedora 35 Workstation as an option choice to switch from GNOME.

      • How to Install LXQt Desktop Environment on Fedora 35 – LinuxCapable

        LXQt is a free desktop environment known for being lightweight, fast, and energy-efficient, which can replace the standard default GNOME Desktop on your Debian system, which can be desired for users with low-powered computers and laptops, and netbooks.

        LXQt has had a colorful history of merging and then splitting with the LXDE project in 2013 and 2018. However, both projects are of a high standard in sharing similar approaches regarding being more efficient than the major players such as GNOME and KDE.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install LXQt Desktop Environment on Fedora 35 Workstation.

      • How To Shutdown or Reboot Linux Using Command Line – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to shutdown or reboot Linux using the Command-Line. For those of you who didn’t know, Most of the popular Operating systems out there allow you to shut down your PC, laptop, or server with different methods. Linux operating systems also have ways for a user to safely shut down, reboot, hibernate or suspend your Linux system.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step learned shutdown and reboot commands on Linux machines.

      • How to use Trace Bitmap in Inkscape

        Geometrical shapes such as curves and lines are used to represent vector graphics. These geometrical shapes are based on easily alterable mathematical expressions. However, if you have a JPG image that has low resolution, then you can trace it to the vector image with the help of the Inkscape Trace bitmap tool. After that, you can scale the traced vector image and then export it as a bitmap again. It will improve the image quality. This write-up will guide you on how to use Trace Bitmap in Inkscape. Moreover, we will also explain the Trace Bitmap Single scans and Multiple scans settings options. So, let’s start!

      • Set Ubuntu Server to Connect to a Wi-Fi

        As we know, this is the era of the Internet. Wherever we go, whatever we do, we are somehow connected to the internet sector. Every device we use for social media, software, and operating systems may need the internet. Every Operating system needs the internet to download files, install and configure updates, etc. Similar to many operating systems, Ubuntu needs a Wi-Fi network, as well. Inside this article, you’ll discover how to use the GUI and console in Ubuntu to join a Wi-Fi network. This seems helpful if you’re running Ubuntu on a server and do not have any connection to a conventional computer. Now, let’s start.

        First, we need to check and do some configuration settings for the Ubuntu 20.04 system. We will start from the Oracle Virtual Box interface. So, we have opened the Oracle Virtual Box in our system. Within the Virtual Box, you have to open the Ubuntu Server settings by clicking on the “Settings” icon on the right side. The following window will pop up. Tap on the “Network” option at the left panel of this screen. Tap on the “Adapter1” option on the right pane. Tick the “Enable Network Adapter” option, as shown. Select the “NAT” option from the drop-down list revealed on the screen. Select the Adapter type from the drop-down list and check to mark the Cable Connected option.

      • How to Assign a Static IP Address to a Synology NAS

        If you do not assign a static IP address to your Synology NAS, your router may assign different IP addresses to your Synology NAS via DHCP at different times. It will make your NAS inaccessible to the Synology desktop and mobile apps that you have installed, and you will have to go through the process of reconfiguring these apps when that happens. So, it is imperative to assign static IP addresses to the network interfaces of your Synology NAS.

        This article will show you how to assign a static IP address to your Synology NAS. Now, let’s get started.

      • How to Allow Remote Access to MySQL Database Server

        The software ecosystem is not new to the notion of distributed systems. You do not need to be physically present in order to interact with your remotely hosted software.

        Therefore your MySQL does not need to reside on a local machine for you to fully benefit from its functional features. You can now have the MySQL running on a remote dedicated server and still be guaranteed the same database security and performance as the case with a MySQL running on a local/desktop machine.

        This article guide will walk us through setting up and enabling remote access to a MySQL server in Linux. On the remote server/machine hosting your MySQL database software, we need to perform a few configuration steps for it to allow authenticated remote users access.

      • Correct Errors In Previous Console Commands In Linux – OSTechNix

        Have you ever unknowingly executed a command with a typo in it? Well, you can simply hit the UP/DOWN arrow to bring up the command history, find the misspelled command, and edit the typo, and finally re-run it. This is what most of us will usually do! However, there are also other ways to fix typos in previously entered commands. In this tutorial, we will see all possible ways to correct errors in previous console commands in Linux and Unix.

      • How to Install Sails.js MVC Framework with Nginx on Debian 11

        Sails.js is a full-stack Node.js framework built on top of Express socket.io. It’s a powerful MVC framework inspired by Ruby on Rails, but with supports of data-driven APIs and scalable, also service-oriented architecture. Sails.js is a suitable framework for building modern and enterprise-grade applications, especially data-driven applications.
        Sails.js provides auto-generate REST APIs and a powerful ORM called Waterline that allows developers to use any databases such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, MongoDB, Redis, etc.

      • A simple solution to the Private Key-Loss Conundrum – TREND OCEANS

        Statistically, over 10% of users forget or lose their passwords or private keys for encrypted data.

        This is not a big problem if there is a password or private key recovery option, but it becomes a disaster when there is no way to recover the lost or forgotten password or private key.

        According to cryptocurrency data firm Chainalysis, over three million bitcoins are considered lost due to forgotten passwords.

      • RAID 5 vs. RAID 10 Explained

        RAID, or Redundant Array of Independent Drives (or Disks), is a phrase for information storage techniques that partition and copy data over several hard drives. RAID could be built to improve the validity and reliability of data or I/O efficiency, albeit one purpose may damage the other. RAID systems are software-based and hardware-based, and supported by Linux. You may utilize a variety of RAID levels, each with its own set of benefits, shortcomings, and overarching goals. This comparative article will compare RAID 5 (which employs a parity crisscross method for fault-tolerant) and RAID 10 (which also utilizes mirroring for redundant information). Certain RAID levels offer resilience, allowing them to withstand certain device failures. This article demonstrates well how to test software-based RAID systems composed of two or maybe more physical devices. So, let’s get started. Here comes the command we can use in our command-line shell to check the supported RAID configuration in our Ubuntu 20.04 system.

    • Games

      • Check out the new demo for party-based RPG Call of Saregnar | GamingOnLinux

        Giving a firm nod to classic 90s RPGs, you can try out a brand new demo for the upcoming Call of Saregnar. Blending together low-res visuals, with shots of real-life actors for the conversations, it’s certainly a weird looking mix but it absolutely works.

      • Easily install and upgrade Proton GE or Luxtorpeda with ProtonUp-Qt | GamingOnLinux

        There are certain Windows games that work better on Linux with the community-built unofficial Proton GE, plus using Luxtorpeda for Native Linux game engines can give a lot of benefits too – here’s how to easily download or upgrade them using the fab ProtonUp-Qt.

        It’s an application based on the command-line tool ProtonUp, however ProtonUp-Qt actually gives you a full UI and it really just makes everything nice and simple.

      • Relic Space shows off its very satisfying space roguelike gameplay in a demo | GamingOnLinux

        Love space sci-fi and roguelikes? Relic Space blends them together and it’s really beginning to look like a game that’s going to steal endless hours away from me.

        Relic Space is a turn-based, roguelike RPG in which you help rebuild civilisation following a galactic catastrophe. Through varied missions as a single starship pilot you will engage in deeply simulated, hex-based combat with an innovative, fluid feel – all set within an epic sci-fi narrative that you help construct through your choices. A bit like Jupiter Hell, the movement is so fluid you often don’t remember it’s taking a turn each time.

      • Wilderness survival roguelike Wayward “Horizons” upgrade brings Volcanic islands | GamingOnLinux

        Another major update has landed for the sweet top-down wilderness survival roguelike Wayward, bringing with it a whole new Volcanic island type and much more.

        The game will also now load up several islands at a time, which helps with quicker travel and means players in multiplayer can actually be on different islands now – so it opens the game up a whole lot more.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • KDE Gear 21.12.1

          Over 120 individual programs plus dozens of programmer libraries and feature plugins are released simultaneously as part of KDE Gear.

          Today they all get new bugfix source releases with updated translations. Distro and app store packagers should update their application packages.

        • KDE Gear 21.12 Gets First Point Release, Improves Dolphin, Kdenlive, and Many Other Apps

          KDE Gear 21.12.1 is here almost a month after the release of KDE Gear 21.12 to fix a few bugs in your favorite apps. For example, it improves the Dolphin file manager to no longer crash when the Ark archive manager creates .7z archives, as well as to no longer cause a new Dolphin window or tab to be opened when extracting or compressing something using the relevant context menu items.

          This first point release for KDE Gear 21.12 also improves the Ark archive manager to no longer keep its welcome screen visible after you have started using the app, makes Yakuake’s window faster to appear, and improves the Spectacle screenshot utility to disable the “Annotate” button when there’s no screenshot in the window, preventing it from crashing.

        • 2022 is Going to be an Exciting Year for KDE, Here’s Why!

          KDE Plasma 5.24 is due for release on February 8, 2022.

          While we already discussed some significant upgrades arriving with it, Nate Graham (KDE Developer) shared a roadmap for KDE in 2022.

          When looking at it, I can surely tell that the upgrades planned for KDE Plasma should take the desktop experience up a notch. But, what exactly should we expect?

    • Distributions

      • How safe are you and how much do you trust your distro? | systemd-free linux community

        Except for a few distros that assist their users to build everything they install from source (kiss and forks, LFS and forks, gentoo and forks, crux, exherbo, T2-sde, etc), most linux-distributions, offer binaries to be installed, usually backed up by the source code (script) building the package from either their own source code, or what we call upstream (other FOSS sources). How do you know though, that what the source repository shows and what the binary package contains is the same? One way is to build it with the same recipe (packaging source script) and compare the sums. Very few people do this and in very rare and controlled environments is the product the same, meaning checksums are identical (Arch is reporting 15-20% failure to reproduce their own packages). So what most distros do is they sign their packages and by having their public signature key, you know what they built is what you got. But are you sure they built it right, or did they take adequate measures to make sure what they pulled from upstream to build the package is what the author really published? How can you check?

        There are two general methods packagers make sure what they use is what the author released. One is using git to draw the source which contains various tools in making sure the author’s repository of source and what you cloned is the same. The other way is a tarball of the source repository, signed by the author with a GnuPG key, known as a gpg key, and you check the tarball (a compressed archive xxxx.tar.xzz yyyy.tar.bz2 zzz.tar.gz .. etc accompanied with a same name .asc or .sig file containing the signature). It is virtually impossible as far as we know that a “man in the middle” will be able to switch the tarball on you “live”, and be able to counterfeit the signature so your altered code is signed by the correct author as well. But “man-in-the-middle” MIM attacks are not as rare as you think, even though it takes tremendous infrastructure to make one and get away with it. For people though who may be targeted by such infrastructure it is not unlikely, it is expected (highly likely). How do you know you may be targeted? I think you know, we know, that you know, why you are targeted by you know whom.

      • PCLinuxOS/Mageia/Mandriva/OpenMandriva Family

      • SUSE/OpenSUSE

        • What Is openSUSE? Everything You Need to Know

          openSUSE is somewhat underrated when it comes to the best Linux distros. But it has got some nifty little features that will fascinate you in no time.

          openSUSE may be overlooked compared to other major Linux distributions, but it has a unique feature set and a codebase with a rich legacy.

          So what makes this Linux distro different from others, and why should you try it? Let’s find out.

        • GeckoLinux ROLLING, STATIC, and NEXT editions updated

          The GeckoLinux project is pleased to announce major updates to all three branches: Rolling (built from openSUSE Tumbleweed), Static (built from openSUSE Leap 15.3), and NEXT (built from openSUSE Leap 15.3 with additional OBS repositories).

        • openSUSE Tumbleweed on Raspberry Pi 4/400 plus Base Applications

          I have been enjoying running openSUSE Tumbleweed on the Raspberry Pi 400 (and 4, I kind of mean the same thing, I just happen to appreciate the fun of the keyboard with containing the computer of the 400). The point of this blathering is to use the Raspberry Pi 400 in the same way as you would with Raspberry Pi OS but using openSUSE Tumbleweed with the Plasma desktop environment. This is not meant to disparage Raspberry Pi OS or any of the work they have continued to pour into the LXDE project but rather to give an alternative with all the fun tooling that openSUSE has to offer.

          I have been putting together, bit-by-bit, a collection of things to make my Raspberry Pi life on openSUSE (and other things) more convenient. The link below is to a link into the openSUSE Wiki to download and image the SD Card with your choice of Leap or Tumbleweed with your preferred desktop. There are also links to the various applications to give your Pi 4/400 software feature parity with the bundled Raspberry Pi OS but on an openSUSE base.

        • BYOS Instances And The SUSE Public Cloud Update Infrastructure

          Way back when in 2015 I wrote about differences between BYOS and on-demand images in “On Demand, BYOS, say what? Why do I need it?” mentioning that on-demand images contain “special sauce” that register an on-demand instance automatically to the SUSE operated update infrastructure in AWS EC2, Azure, and GCE. Much has changed since then, and with a project that we completed at the end of 2021 the “special sauce” is no longer just for on-demand images.

        • Path To Rancher Desktop 1.0.0

          Rancher Desktop has been in development for just over a year with the open question, when do we have a 1.0.0 stable release? Along the way the scope has expanded, it was ported to run in more places, and the development team has grown. All of this happened as we worked out if Rancher Desktop would be useful for people, what features people want to use, and what are good ways to build it. We are finally ready to answer that 1.0.0 question.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • APIS IT Modernizes Legacy Applications and Projects with Red Hat OpenShift

          Red Hat, Inc., the world’s leading provider of open source solutions, today announced that APIS IT, a provider of IT solutions for public administration bodies in Croatia on both government and local levels, modernized its business by migrating legacy systems to a single, standardized environment built on Red Hat OpenShift. With this modernization and the adoption of a collaborative DevOps approach, APIS IT can work more efficiently and consistently to develop and deploy new services in compliance with European Union regulations.

        • Argentine Ministry of Health builds national digital data network with Red Hat

          To improve patient experiences with universal healthcare, the Argentine Ministry of Health decided to build a national digital health network that would allow care centers to more securely access patient data through standardized integration among providers.

          To establish a flexible yet stable IT infrastructure based on microservices technology, the Argentine Ministry of Health adopted Red Hat container, integration and automation solutions. Combined with modern development approaches like DevOps that support collaborative, efficient work, the new infrastructure offers the scale and agility to support sharing of medical data for millions of patients across 24 provinces.

        • 5 Cloud Native Trends to Watch out for in 2022 – The New Stack

          Kubevirt is an open source project that enables Kubernetes to orchestrate virtual machines like containers. By running VMs and containers side-by-side, customers can easily integrate legacy workloads with modern microservices-based applications. They also benefit from the simplified DevOps workflows for managing both workloads.

          Kubevirt is already an integral part of Red Hat OpenShift Virtualization, Rancher’s Harvester, Platform9 Managed Kubernetes, and Google Anthos.

          In 2022, we will see a dramatic rise in the adoption and integration of Kubevirt with Kubernetes, where VMs are treated as first-class citizens.

        • Locked root and rescue mode

          Fedora is among the group of Linux distributions that, by default, lock out the root account such that it does not have a password and cannot be logged into. But, traditionally, “rescue mode” boots the system into single-user mode, which requires a root password—difficult to provide if it does not exist. A Fedora proposal to remove the need for the password in that case, and just drop into a root shell, does not seem likely to go far in that form, but it would seem to have pointed toward some better solutions for the underlying problem.

          The proposal for Fedora 36, “Make Rescue Mode Work With Locked Root”, was posted on December 6 by Fedora program manager Ben Cotton on behalf of the feature owners: Michel Alexandre Salim, Neal Gompa, and David Duncan. The problem is that the “out-of-the-box user experience” is poor for systems with a locked root if users have a need to fix their systems via single-user mode; they will be prompted for a password that they cannot provide and have to resort to other means of booting their ailing system (e.g. rescue boot media). Another option is to boot with a kernel command-line option such as “init=/sysroot/bin/bash”, but that is not particularly user-friendly either.

          The guts of the change would use the –force option to sulogin to skip the password requirement when entering single-user mode if the root password is not accessible or the root login is disabled. But, as that man page warns, the option should only be used “if you are sure the console is physically protected against unauthorized access”. The proposal says that the change “does not pose an increased security risk”, because attackers already have other means of bypassing the password (e.g. init=) or compromising the system if they have physical access. Those who want to enforce a password for single-user mode can simply set the root password.

        • Cockpit Project: Cockpit 260

          Earlier Cockpit/sssd versions did not check trust or revocation status of a presented client certificate, and thus certificate/smart card login was secure and supported only when matching the entire binary certificate against the Identity Management’s database. With sssd 2.6.1 and Cockpit 260, the certificate signature and revocation status is now validated against the CA configured in sssd, and any non-trusted certificate is rejected. This includes the case when the local sssd has no configured CA, which may break certificate logins after updating cockpit and sssd.

          Thus if you use certificate login, you need to set up the trusted CA in sssd. Please see the certificate authentication documentation for details.

        • Top 10 Linux security tutorials for sysadmins from 2021 | Enable Sysadmin

          When you ask a new sysadmin, “What is IT security? And what tasks come with it?” you may get the following answer: “It’s about keeping your applications, containers, and systems current by installing the latest available updates all the time.” While this answer isn’t wrong, there is so much more to explore, learn, and do in IT security.

          Enable Sysadmin is a community where sysadmins meet. The experienced ones share their knowledge with those who are eager to learn and evolve in their field of expertise. If that sounds like you, consider sharing your knowledge by writing about it! Consult our contributors page for more information about becoming part of our community.

          You can find many articles covering a variety of topics in IT security on Enable Sysadmin, including the top 10 security articles of 2021 listed below. Take a look, stay safe, and I wish you all the best in 2022.

        • Fedora 36 Looking To Move Users Away From Legacy “ifcfg” Network Scripts – Phoronix

          Longtime Linux users will likely recall when it was commonplace to modify /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-* files for managing your network connections. Fortunately, that’s largely a thing of the past and Fedora 36 is looking to remove support for those legacy network configuration files from new Fedora installs.

          Those “ifcfg” network configuration scripts are largely a thing of the past with NetworkManager and the like working well for most users these days. NetworkManager has retained support for ifcfg files, but handling them is a mess and maintaining this support is a burden.

        • AI/ML, edge and serverless computing top priority list for the year ahead

          In Red Hat’s 2022 Global Tech Outlook report, more organizations indicated they are considering or planning to use most types of emerging technology. Here, “emerging technologies” include leading innovations such as artificial intelligence and machine learning (AI/ML), internet of things (IoT), blockchain and edge.

          From June through August 2021, we surveyed 1,341 information technology (IT) leaders and decision makers to learn about their digital transformation journeys, their IT and non-IT funding priorities for the coming year, and the types of infrastructure they’re using to run their applications.

      • EasyOS

        • Kernel 5.10.90 compiled

          I have compiled the Linux kernel, version 5.10.90. Source, patches and build scripts are here:

          https://distro.ibiblio.org/easyos/source/kernel/5.10.x/5.10.90/

          Note, I discovered a bug in the compiling of 5.10.83. If anyone tried to use those build scripts, apologies. You should be OK for 5.10.90.

        • SeaMonkey 2.53.10.2 compiled

          The current version of EasyOS has SeaMonkey 2.53.10.1. The latest release has minor bug fixes, as announced:

          https://www.seamonkey-project.org/releases/seamonkey2.53.10.2/

          Due to ongoing compatibility issues with SM, I think that I might include a simple Firefox installer in EasyOS 3.2. Well, there is already an SFS available, maybe I will just bump that to the latest version.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • Linux Mint 20.3: here is what is new

          The Linux Mint team started to push the final stable ISO images of Linux Mint 20.3 to its distribution network. The final release comes weeks after the release of Linux Mint 20.3 Beta releases. Read on to find out what is new and changed in the new versions of the popular Linux distribution.

          Linux Mint 20.3 is a long-term support release, which means that the distribution is supported until 2025. The new version of Linux Mint is available in all three flavors — MATE, Xfce and Cinnamon — as usual.

        • Ubuntu Touch OTA-21 Release | UBports

          Ubuntu Touch is the privacy and freedom-respecting mobile operating system by UBports. Today we are happy to announce the release of Ubuntu Touch OTA-21, the very latest update to the system! OTA-21 will become available for the following supported Ubuntu Touch devices over the next week…

        • UBports releases Ubuntu Touch OTA-21 with a redesigned greeter

          The UBports Foundation has released Ubuntu Touch OTA-21 for supported devices with a host of improvements including improved storage statistics, a new greeter design, and better language support. The project has also fixed some issues that should help Ubuntu Touch come to Halium 10 devices in the future. While the PinePhone and PineTab are supported by Ubuntu Touch, they will not be getting an update labelled ‘OTA-21’.

          In terms of new features, OTA-21 brings an overhauled storage statistics section in system settings that shows more categories and calculates used space more precisely. The greeter, which is shown before the device has been unlocked, has been improved significantly with a more modern design and looks different depending on whether you use a PIN or password to unlock the device. Language support has also been improved with support for the Tamil language font.

          According to the release notes, on Pixel 3a devices, there’s an issue with video recording due to the incomplete clean-up of gstreamer cache on start-up. This can be fixed by restarting the phone once or twice or opening up the terminal and using the following command rm -rf $HOME/.cache/gstreamer-1.0.

        • Ubuntu Touch OTA-21 Released with Redesigned Greeter, Various Improvements

          Still based on the Ubuntu 16.04 LTS (Xenial Xerus) operating system series, the Ubuntu Touch OTA-21 update is here one and a half months after Ubuntu Touch OTA-20 with more improvements and various bug fixes.

          Highlights include a redesigned greeter (PIN/password entry screen), a new Tamil font, a new magnetometer and compass plugin for all Halium 9 or later based devices, and the ability to clear the lists of recent or missed calls.

        • Linux Mint 20.3 Released with Some New Features and Refinements

          Linux Mint 20.3 beta arrived a few weeks ago. And now, the final stable release for Linux Mint 20.3 “Una” is available to download.

          Linux Mint has for years been one of the most popular Ubuntu-based distros out there with plenty of tweaks and refinements for both beginners and pros alike. Yesterday, the Mint team released Linux Mint 20.3 “Una”, the last Focal-based release and we’re going to take a look at it today.

          What’s New in Linux Mint 20.3 “Una”

          Linux Mint 20.3 is a long-term support release based on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS and it is supported until 2025. It is available in Cinnamon, Xfce, and MATE flavors. This release ships with linux-firmware 1.187 and the Linux kernel 5.4.

          We start with the fact that Linux Mint 20.3 features an updated look and feel with larger titlebar buttons, rounded corners, a cleaner theme, and support for dark mode. In other words, Mint’s appearance has received a small but very welcomed facelift.

        • Linux Mint 20.3 “Una” Releases With Cinnamon 5.2, Theme Refresh, and a New Document Manager

          Linux Mint 20.3, codenamed “Una” has finally arrived. The official announcement should follow up soon, but it’s now available for download!

          While Linux Mint 20.2 included some impressive improvements, Linux Mint 20.3 looks like an exciting release as well.

          Here, I highlight the key changes in Linux Mint 20.3.

        • Application composability and the shipping container

          Transferred into the world of software containers, the Charmed Operator Framework defines how to configure the application, how to integrate the application when it’s used in a composed application context, how to handle relevant events, and much more.

          All of these elements are packaged into a Charmed Operator, which is an additional artifact for the application. A Charmed Operator is created for each application. (Read more in this article explaining framework constructs, and get an overview of how Charmed Operators cover relations.) An example of the composition of applications is Charmed Kubeflow, which provides application elements with Charmed Operators so that scientists can stand up and integrate the Kubeflow applications they need for a variety of environments – for example, a personal laptop, a workstation, or a cluster.

        • OpenStack challenges 2022

          It is never too late to adjust and optimise your strategy for success.

          MicroStack is a pure upstream OpenStack platform, designed for the edge and small-scale private cloud deployments, that can be installed and maintained with minimal effort.

          Get started with MicroStack by following a series of tutorials for beginners

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Productivity Software/LibreOffice/Calligra

        • LibreOffice 7.2.5 Released! Available to Install via PPA in Ubuntu / Linux Mint

          Ubuntu’s default LibreOffice office suite 7.2.5 was released today. User may install it from the official PPA in Ubuntu 18.04, Ubuntu 20.04, Ubuntu 21.04, Ubuntu 21.10 and Linux Mint 20.x

          LibreOffice 7.2.5 comes with 90 bug-fixes, including many crashes when recent files are not accessible, inserting hidden field over input field, one click and three TAB presses, saving a calc file after delete some columns, and more. See the release note for details.

        • LibreOffice 7.2.5 is now available

          The Document Foundation announces LibreOffice 7.2.5 Community, the fifth minor release of the LibreOffice 7.2 family, which is available on the download page.

          This version includes 90 bug fixes and improvements to document compatibility. The changelogs provide details of the fixes: changes in RC1 and changes in RC2.

          For enterprise-class deployments, TDF strongly recommends the LibreOffice Enterprise family of applications from ecosystem partners, with long-term support options, professional assistance, custom features and Service Level Agreements: LibreOffice in Business.

        • LibreOffice 7.2.5 Released with 90 Bug Fixes, Now Available for Download

          Coming exactly one month after LibreOffice 7.2.4, which was an emergency update to address a critical security vulnerability, the LibreOffice 7.2.5 update is here to fix a total of 90 bugs (according to the RC1 and RC2 changelogs) across all core components of the open-source and cross-platform office suite, as well as to further improve document compatibility.

          This is the fifth of seven planned maintenance updates for the LibreOffice 7.2 office suite series, which was released in mid-August 2021 with many new features and improvements, including improved interoperability with the MS Office document formats, native support for Apple M1 machines, as well as various UI enhancements.

        • What is Miklos hacking – Start of document themes in Impress: shape text

          Impress now has the start of document theme support: it is possible to define a document theme on master pages and you can refer to the theme colors from shape text (including effects).

          First, thanks to our partner SUSE for working with Collabora to make this possible.

      • Content Management Systems (CMS)

      • Funding

        • Fundraising match goal reached (and surpassed) in record time!

          We’re amazed and humbled to announce that, thanks to an unprecedented outpouring of support, Software Freedom Conservancy has already surpassed this year’s match challenge. Despite the goal being the most ambitious one yet, this is the fastest we’ve ever reached this milestone. Donations are continuing to come in. As the number creeps higher as we near our fundraiser end date of January 15, we believe that each dollar above our goal sends this message loud and clear: pursuing software freedom is an important goal for our society.

      • Programming/Development

        • Best Free and Open Source JavaScript Runtime Environments

          The JavaScript runtime environment provides your scripts with utility libraries which can be used during execution. It’s your script that references these libraries. The engine itself doesn’t depend on them.

          Unlike C and other compiled languages, JavaScript runs in a container. A program reads the JavaScript code and executes it. This program needs to parse the code and convert it into runnable commands. It must also provide objects to JavaScript so that it can interact with other things. The first part is known as the engine, the second is the runtime.

        • Solo BumbleBee makes Linux eBPF programming easier | ZDNet

          In 1992, the Berkeley Packet Filter (BPF) was introduced in Unix circles as a new, improved network packet filter. Nice, but not that big a deal. Then, in 2014, it was changed and brought into the Linux kernel as extended BPF (eBPF). Again, that was okay. Just okay. Soon thereafter though, developers started using it to run user-space code inside a virtual machine (VM) on the Linux kernel. And, then it was a huge deal. As Netflix computer performance expert Brendan Gregg said, with eBPF, “superpowers have finally come to Linux.”

        • Getenv Function Usage in C Programming

          In the C programming language, several functions help the user acquire relevant information, such as the process name and id. Similarly, in this article, we will discuss information about the environment list that contains the variable name of the environment and then returns the value in the form of a pointer. If the function getenv() cannot find the environment, it returns NULL, and errno displays the error message.

        • Perl/Raku

        • Java

          • 2022: The year of software supply chain security

            If 2020 was the year that we became acutely aware of the consumer goods supply chain (toilet paper, anyone? Anyone?), then 2021 was the year that the software supply chain rose in our collective consciousness. In perhaps the most infamous attack of the year, thousands of customers, including several US government agencies, downloaded compromised SolarWinds updates.

            Alas, SolarWinds was not alone. Indeed, the weaknesses in our software supply chain were all too evident with the recent Log4j vulnerability. Log4j is a widely used open source Java logging framework, so the vulnerability has put tens of thousands of applications (ranging from data storage services to online video games) at risk.

          • Lessons from Log4j

            By now, most readers will likely have seen something about the Log4j vulnerability that has been making life miserable for system administrators since its disclosure on December 9. This bug is relatively easy to exploit, results in remote code execution, and lurks on servers all across the net; it is not hyperbolic to call it one of the worst vulnerabilities that has been disclosed in some years. In a sense, the lessons from Log4j have little new to teach us, but this bug does highlight some problems in the free-software ecosystem in an unambiguous way.

          • How to join a string in Java

            In Java, strings are used to hold a series of characters and are considered as objects, and to join strings together we need to use a concatenate operator represented by the “+” sign with String.Join function. So in this article, we will discuss some examples to make you understand its functionality.

          • How to calculate the square root in Java

            If you have a number and if you want to calculate its square root then you can do that by multiplying its factor with itself. In this article, we will teach you how you can calculate the square root of any number in the Java programming language. A Math.sqrt() that is used for this purpose, so detailed syntax and coding for square root calculation will be discussed along with examples.

          • How to calculate the absolute value in Java

            Absolute value is a non-negative value indicating how distant a number is from 0. Absolute value is always positive because it does not signify the direction. The purpose of the Math.abs() function in Java is to make any negative number positive and has no impact on the number if it is already positive. In this article, we will calculate the absolute value using the Java programming language.

  • Leftovers

    • From Nanoamps To Gigahertz: The World’s Most Extreme Op Amps | Hackaday

      The operational amplifier, or op amp, is one of the most basic building blocks used in analog circuits. Ever since single-chip op amps were introduced in the 1960s, thousands of different types have been developed, some more successful than others. Ask an experienced analog designer to name a few op amps, and they’ll likely mention the LM324, the TL072, the NE5534, the LM358, and of course the granddaddy of all, the uA741.

      If those part numbers don’t mean anything to you, all you need to know is that these are generic components that you can buy anywhere and that will do just fine in the most common applications. You can buy fancier op amps that improve on some spec or another, sometimes by orders of magnitude. But how far can you really push the concept of an operational amplifier? Today we’ll show you some op amps that go way beyond these typical “jellybean” components.

      Before we start, let’s define what exactly we mean when we say “operational amplifier”. We’re looking for integrated op amps, meaning a single physical component, that have a differential high-impedance voltage input, a single-ended voltage output, DC coupling, and high gain meant to be used in a feedback configuration. We’re excluding anything made from discrete components, as well as less-general circuits like fixed-gain amplifiers and operational transconductance amplifiers (OTAs).

    • Ham Antenna Fits Almost Anywhere | Hackaday

      [G3OJV] knows the pain of trying to operate a ham radio transmitter on a small lot. His recent video shows how to put up a workable basic HF antenna in a small backyard. The center of the system is a 49:1 unun. An unun is like a balun, but while a balun goes from balanced line to an unbalanced antenna, the unun has both sides unbalanced. You can see his explanation in the video below.

      The tiny hand-size box costs well under $40 or $50 and covers the whole HF band at up to 200 W. The video shows the inside of the box which, as you’d expect, is a toroid with a few turns of wire.

      The proposed antenna is an end-fed dipole fed with the unun. These are somewhat controversial with some people swearing they can’t work and others saying they are amazing. We are guessing they may not outperform a perfect antenna system, but we also know that you can have a lot of fun with almost any kind of radiator.

    • Science

      • Blinking Cursor Turns 54, Hardly Anyone Notices | Hackaday

        In an interesting post on Inverse, [Sarah Wells] does a deep dive into something you probably don’t think about very often: the blinking cursor. You’d assume there wasn’t much to the story. Maybe a terminal manufacturer put a toggle flip flop on the cursor output and it caught on. But the true story is much deeper than that.

        We were surprised that the father of the blinking cursor was one guy, [Charles Kiesling]. In a 1967 patent, he described the blinking cursor. An ex-Navy man, [Kiesling’s] patent names his employer at the time, Sperry Rand, where he’d worked since 1955.

        According to the post, little is known of [Kiesling], one of the many unsung engineers who create everyday life. The article purports that the Apple II was the first place the general public would encounter the invention. We guess it depends on how you define the general public. The VT50 had a blinking cursor, we seem to remember, and we didn’t think it was the first, anyway. The VT05 in the video below seems to have a blinking cursor, too. And we think we remember blinking cursors on other terminals from that era for Lear-Siegler, Hazletine, and Televideo.

      • New Standards Rolling Out for Clocking Quantum-Computer Performance

        FOR CONVENTIONAL COMPUTERS, benchmarks can represent a rite of passage of sorts into a new era of computing. As artificial intelligence and machine learning become more and more ubiquitous, for instance, AI and ML benchmarks help everyone understand and measure precisely how well one neural net performs compared to other systems and to reference architectures. Not surprising, then, that the emerging field of quantum-computer benchmarking will be helping test and improve next-generation quantum processors, researchers say.
        A quantum computer with great enough complexity—for instance, enough components known as quantum bits or “qubits”—could theoretically achieve a quantum advantage where it can find the answers to problems no classical computer could ever solve. In principle, a quantum computer with 300 qubits fully devoted to computing (not error correction) could perform more calculations in an instant than there are atoms in the visible universe.

        However, researchers at Sandia National Laboratories note that it is currently difficult to accurately predict a quantum processor’s capability—that is, the set of quantum programs it can run successfully. This is because the current benchmarking programs used to analyze these devices scale poorly to quantum computers with many qubits. Existing quantum benchmarks are also not flexible enough to supply detailed looks on processor capabilities on many different potential applications, they say.

    • Hardware

      • Servo Plotter Needs Nothing Exotic | Hackaday

        Although the widespread use of 3D printers has made things like linear bearings and leadscrews more common, you still can’t run down to your local big-box hardware store and get them. However, you can get drawer slides and any hobby shop can sell you some RC servos. That and an Arduino can make a simple and easy plotter. Just ask [JimRD]. You can also watch it do its thing in the video below.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Security

          • WordPress 5.8.3 Security Release

            This security release features four security fixes. Because this is a security release, it is recommended that you update your sites immediately. All versions since WordPress 3.7 have also been updated.

            WordPress 5.8.3 is a short-cycle security release. The next major release will be version 5.9, which is already in the Release Candidate stage.

            You can update to WordPress 5.8.3 by downloading from WordPress.org or visiting your Dashboard → Updates and clicking Update Now.

          • Security updates for Thursday [LWN.net]

            Security updates have been issued by Fedora (log4j and quaternion), Mageia (gnome-shell and singularity), SUSE (libsndfile, libvirt, net-snmp, and python-Babel), and Ubuntu (linux, linux-aws, linux-aws-5.11, linux-azure, linux-azure-5.11, linux-gcp, linux-gcp-5.11, linux-hwe-5.11, linux-kvm, linux-oracle, linux-oracle-5.11, linux-raspi, linux, linux-aws, linux-aws-5.4, linux-azure, linux-azure-5.4, linux-gcp, linux-gcp-5.4, linux-gke, linux-gke-5.4, linux-gkeop, linux-hwe-5.4, linux-ibm, linux-kvm, linux-oracle, linux-oracle-5.4, linux-raspi, linux, linux-aws, linux-aws-hwe, linux-azure-4.15, linux-dell300x, linux-gcp, linux-gcp-4.15, linux-hwe, linux-kvm, linux-oracle, linux-raspi2, linux-snapdragon, linux, linux-aws, linux-kvm, linux-lts-xenial, linux-oem-5.10, and linux-oem-5.14).

          • Chromium 97 added to my repository; fixes a critical vulnerability

            A couple of days ago Google released the sources for Chromium 97.0.4692.71. I am still waiting for an update to the chromium-ungoogled sources but I have already uploaded Slackware packages for chromium (targeting 14.2 and -current) to my repository.

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • Content blockers and Chrome’s Manifest V3

              A clarion call from the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) warning about upcoming changes to the Chrome browser’s extension API was not the first such—from the EFF or from others. The time of the switch to Manifest V3, as the new API is known, is growing closer; privacy advocates are concerned that it will preclude a number of techniques that browser extensions use for features like ad and tracker blocking. Part of the concern stems from the fact that Google is both the developer of a popular web browser and the operator of an enormous advertising network so its incentives seem, at least, plausibly misaligned.

              Manifest V3 was first proposed in late 2018 as an eventual replacement for Manifest V2, which is the current extension API that is supported by both Chrome and Firefox. These APIs provide the tools that extensions use to manipulate the browser state to customize the web-browsing experience in some fashion. Extensions can change the user interface in various ways, observe and modify the browser behavior for things like bookmarks and tabs, manipulate the requests (and their content) that the browser makes, and more.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • IFF submits its comments on the Draft Health Data Retention Policy

        IFF has provided our comments on the Consultation Paper on Proposed Health Data Retention Policy (‘the Policy’). The policy was put up for public comments on November 23, 2021. In our comments, we have tried to highlight the harms of mandatory data retention, issues around a fragmented healthcare regime and data portability issues.

      • Kazakhstan government shuts down internet following country-wide protests | The Daily Swig

        The Kazakhstan government has blocked internet access for citizens as violent protests over fuel prices continue to sweep the country.

        According to NetBlocks and Cloudflare, which monitor network disruptions and shutdowns around the world, a significant disruption to internet service in the country started on Tuesday (January 4), progressing to a nation-wide communications blackout the following day.

    • Monopolies

      • Copyrights

        • Between Frogs and Gods: Illustrations of Physiognomy – The Public Domain Review

          For many of us, the image of a frog evokes feelings which fall anywhere between utter ambivalence and mild fondness. The common frog is neither fearsomely feral, nor an affectionate family pet. Children chase them, princesses kiss them, and backyard swimmers rescue them from drowning in pools. For Johann Caspar Lavater (1741–1801), however, frogs are “the swollen representative of a disgusting bestiality”, and a manifestation of true “satanical hideousness and malignity”. In light of these epithets, one might wonder, what did the frog do to deserve such scathing description? In Lavater’s understanding, the frog’s fault resides in the angle of its forehead.

          The etchings above, commissioned by Lavater from the Swiss printmaker Christian von Mechel (1737–1817), put the physiognomist’s ideas into color and motion. Across twenty-four frames, the profile of an unassuming amphibian slowly metamorphs into that of Apollo (considered the epitome of masculine beauty). At its core, Lavater’s physiognomy relies on the belief that a creature’s true character and morality can be discerned from their “lines of countenance”, often revealed by analyzing silhouettes. In many ways, he spent his career trying to offer scientific proof of the ancient Greek concept known as kalokagathia — that goodness manifests as beauty, evil as ugliness — the focus of his greatest-known work, the four-volume Physiognomische Fragmente (1775–1778).

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