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Links 12/10/2021: Qubes 4.1 RC and Kdenlive 21.08.2



  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • Powerful Linux laptop RTX 3080 Kubuntu Focus Gen 3 M2 workstation

        Kubuntu Focus has this week unveiled a new addition to their range of Linux mobile workstations with the introduction of the 3rd generation M2 Linux laptop powered by Intel 11th generation Core i7-11800H with RTX 3080 and RTX 3070 variations. “The M2 makes quick work of the most demanding tasks and outperforms nearly all thin-and-light laptops. Run GPU-accelerated AI immediately with the included Deep Learning Suite. Accelerate TensorFlow jobs from 8 hours to less than 15 minutes. Render Blender scenes 10x faster with NVIDIA RTX Optix. All with unmatched Linux-first optimization and support.”

        The third-generation M2 performance is provided by the 8-core, 16-thread i7-11800H CPU supported by high-quality 3200 MHz RAM offering improvement of 19 and 29% this generation say the engineers at Kubuntu Focus. Users can install up to 64 GB of Dual Channel DDR4 3200 MHz and each system also has an integrated GPU to conserve power and video RAM when you need it. The Intel Irix Xe 32EU iGPU has twice the performance of the previous generation.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • Linux Developers Push Urgent Patches To Fix 'Yet Another Hardware Trainwreck' | HotHardware

        Accurate timers are critical to the function of the low-level parts of the underlying code that drives the user-facing software we actually use in our daily lives. Fortunately, x86-64 PCs include numerous timers. Actually selecting which of those timers to use in a given scenario, however, can be a headache due to bugs, design flaws or implementation issues.

        The preferred timer on most modern machines should be the High-Precision Event Timer, or HPET. Sadly, that's not always the case on recent Intel hardware. Back in 2019, Linux started disabling the HPET on Coffee Lake and Ice Lake-based Intel platforms, owing to problems with the timers' accuracy when the system enters the PC10 low-power state (part of the "S0ix" states introduced with Haswell. Remember when companies started selling "Haswell-ready" power supplies?)

      • The latest Linux release candidate helps circumvent a hardware disaster | TechRadar

        An urgent set of patches for the latest release candidate (RC) of the under-development Linux v5.15 kernel reportedly helped the popular open source kernel avert what’s described as a “hardware trainwreck”.

        Phoronix caught hold of last minute urgent updates sent hours before Linus Torvalds, the kernel’s principle developer, was to put out the fifth RC of the upcoming kernel.

        The patch was added by longtime kernel developer Thomas Gleixner who described it as “yet another attempt at fixing the never-ending saga of botched x86 timers...”

      • Intel Posts Latest DG2/Alchemist Linux Patches In Requiring 64K Page Size Handling - Phoronix

        While Linux 5.15 brings very early bits around DG2/Alchemist graphics card support, further work is needed to bring it into usable shape for end-users. The latest new patch series to be posted came out today with more driver changes needed around local device memory handling for DG2.

        New with DG2 is that the hardware only is supporting 64K page sizes and larger. The i915 device memory for DG2 and future discrete graphics can only support 64K or larger for the GTT page size even if using say 4K for the kernel page size on x86_64 systems.

      • Linux x86 FPU Code Getting Reworked In Preparation For Intel AMX - Phoronix

        It's been one year now that Intel has been posting Linux kernel patches to enable AMX support for upcoming Sapphire Rapids processors. Over the past year their Linux kernel patches for enabling Advanced Matrix Extensions has gone through 11 rounds of review but that journey isn't over yet.

    • Benchmarks

      • Intel Tiger Lake Performance Across Five Autumn 2021 Linux Distributions

        Earlier this month were benchmarks looking at how Intel Tiger Lake performance has improved from Ubuntu 21.04 to Ubuntu 21.10, but how does Canonical's latest Linux offering compete with other autumn 2021 distributions? In this article from the Dell XPS Core i7-1165G7 Tiger Lake notebook are benchmarks of Ubuntu 21.10 going up against Arch Linux, Clear Linux, Fedora Workstation 35, and openSUSE Tumbleweed for getting an idea how the performance compares with this latest-generation Intel EVO notebook.

    • Applications

      • Multiboot USB Creator Ventoy Adds a GUI Mode to Its Live ISO Image

        If you haven’t heard of Ventoy before, let me tell that it’s a recently new bootable USB creation solution that works just by copying the image files of the operating systems you want to have a flash drive without formatting it over and over.

        There are many great tools out there to create multiboot USB drivers, but Ventoy makes it easier than ever and supports almost all known GNU/Linux distributions, as well as Windows OSes up to Windows 11, Chrome OS, BSD, and other UNIX systems.

      • An alternative search tool for LibreOffice Writer

        AltSearch offers extended functionality to LibreOffice Write's default find and replace tools, making it the ideal for editing and formatting longer documents.

        Few features in a word processor are less glamorous than a search tool. That is, until you do some intensive editing, especially if your revisions include reformatting. Then you will be thankful for a full featured tool. In the case of LibreOffice Writer, the available tools are barely adequate, which is why I recommend the Alternative Find & Replace for Writer extension, also known as AltSearch.

        Like all LibreOffice extensions, AltSearch is easily installed. Just download it from the LibreOffice extension site, and open Tools | Extension Manager. The next time you start Writer, AltSearch appears as a menu item in addition to an icon with green binoculars in the upper left corner of the toolbar.

        You can understand the need for AltSearch by examining the default search tools in Writer. Edit | Find is a simple field similar to the ones found in many web browsers. It is suitable for finding words and phrases, but its options are strictly limited. You can search backward or forward from your present location in a document, find all, or match case -- and that’s all (Figure 1).

      • Arkime 3.1 network traffic indexing system is available - itsfoss.net

        The release of the system for capturing, storing and indexing network packets Arkime 3.1 has been prepared , which provides tools for visually assessing traffic flows and searching for information related to network activity. The project was originally developed by AOL with the goal of creating an open and deployable replacement for commercial network packet processing platforms on its servers , capable of scalable to handle traffic at speeds of tens of gigabits per second. The traffic capture component code is written in C, and the interface is implemented in Node.js / JavaScript. The source code is distributed under the Apache 2.0 license. Work in Linux and FreeBSD is supported. Ready packages are prepared for Arch, CentOS and Ubuntu.

        Arkime includes tools for capturing and indexing traffic in native PCAP format, and provides tools for quick access to indexed data. The use of the PCAP format greatly simplifies integration with existing traffic analyzers such as Wireshark. The amount of stored data is limited only by the size of the available disk array. Session metadata is indexed in a cluster based on the Elasticsearch engine .

      • High-performance embedded DBMS libmdbx 0.10.4 and libfpta 0.3.9 released - itsfoss.net

        The libmdbx 0.10.4 (MDBX) libraries have been released with the implementation of a high-performance compact embedded database of the key-value class, and the linked library libfpta 0.3.9 (FPTA), which implements a table view of data with secondary and composite indexes on top of MDBX. Both libraries are distributed under OSI approved licenses . All current operating systems and architectures are supported, as well as the Russian Elbrus 2000.

        Historically, libmdbx is a deep reworking of the LMDB DBMS and surpasses its predecessor in reliability, feature set, and performance. Compared to LMDB, libmdbx places a lot of emphasis on code quality, API stability, testing, and automated checks. A utility for checking the integrity of the database structure is supplied with some recovery options.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How To Install Jitsi Meet on Debian 11 - idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Jitsi Meet on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, Jitsi Meet is a free and open-source video conferencing service solution packed with various premium features, such as superior sound quality, high-grade encryption and privacy, and universal multi-platform availability. Jitsi Meet supports multi-platform applications for the web platform, Windows, Linux, Mac OS, and Android.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the Jitsi Meet on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

      • How To Install Stacer on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS - idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Stacer on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Stacer is a great application that will help us optimize and monitor our Linux system. It comes with a beautiful graphical user interface (GUI) dashboard that displays the state of your CPU, Memory as well as Disk, and many others. I often use this application to see info about running computer systems, delete repositories, delete cache, and many others.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Stacer Linux optimizer and monitoring tool on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

      • How to Install Opera Browser Stable, Beta, or Developer on Linux Mint 20 - LinuxCapable

        Opera is a freeware, cross-platform web browser developed by Opera Software and operates as a Chromium-based browser. Opera offers a clean, modern web browser that is an alternative to the other major players in the Browser race. Its famous Opera Turbo mode and its renowned battery saving mode are the best amongst all known web browsers by quite a margin, along with a built-in VPN and much more.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install Opera Browser on Linux Mint 20.

      • How to Install Zoom Ubuntu and Debian Derivatives

        Zoom Meetings is a proprietary video teleconferencing software program developed by Zoom Video Communications. The free plan allows up to 100 concurrent participants, with a 40-minute time restriction. Users have the option to upgrade by subscribing to a paid plan.

        In this guide we are going to explore how to install Zoom Client on Ubuntu and Debian derivatives like Debian, Kubuntu and Elementary or Linux Mint.

        You can easily download Zoom on your PC to start video conferencing with your colleagues and friends around the world. Zoom offers remote conferencing services including video calls, online meetings, and collaborative tasks. Zoom is free to use but does offer paid subscriptions which offer additional features.

      • How to install Telegram on Linux

        Let’s install Telegram on Linux. Telegram Messenger is a powerful application to keep in touch with friends, family, and acquaintences across a variety of operating systems, including those on mobile and computer.

        You need a phone number to initially sign up, but then it’s simple to download the messenger on Linux and use it to message others. It’s also capable of hosting large group chats, video calls, and social media feeds.

        In this tutorial, we’ll go over the step by step instructions to install Telegram Messenger on all major Linux distros. Telegram is simple to install, since it’s natively available in most distro’s official package repositories. You’ll also see a few alternative methods of installing the application in case you are on a different Linux distro.

      • Linux commands cheat sheet

        The command line terminal in Linux is the operating system’s most powerful component. However, due to the sheer amount of commands available, it can be intimidating for newcomers. Even longtime users may forget a command every once in a while and that is why we have created this Linux cheat sheet commands guide.

        For times like these, it’s very handy to have a compiled list of Linux commands that have been sorted by category. That way, it only takes a few moments to reference the list whenever you forget the exact syntax of a command.

        In this tutorial, we’ll present you with a curated list of the most handy Linux commands. These are some of the most useful commands, but they aren’t easy to remember for everyone. Next time your mind is blanking at a Linux terminal, take a look at the Linux commands cheat sheet below for some quick help.

      • Learn Usage of chmod (Change Mode) Command in Linux

        Since Linux is a member of the Unix-like operating system family, it has inherited some Unix rules like the way it deals with system/user files & directories.

        Linux operating system makes use of certain flags which determine which system user has access to which files/directories and how the same users can manipulate those files through various read or write operations.

      • Create a timer on Linux | Opensource.com

        The timing of certain events is a common task for a developer. Common scenarios for timers are watchdogs, cyclic execution of tasks, or scheduling events for a specific time. In this article, I show how to create a POSIX-compliant interval timer using timer_create(...).

    • Games

      • Proton Experimental sees GreedFall, Eve Online and Nickelodeon All-Star Brawl working

        Another update to Proton Experimental has landed as of October 11 bringing with it more fixes and even more Windows games are now working on Linux.

        Newly playable as of this update are GreedFall, Eve Online and Nickelodeon All-Star Brawl. Additionally there's a fix implemented for Call of Duty: Infinite Warfare hanging on exit, the Paradox Launcher has improved "windowing", there's a fix for regressions from a previous release, crashes solved for older CPUs that lack the timestamp counter and crashes also fixed for some FNA/XNA games.

      • Lutris 0.5.9 Release Adds AMD’s FidelityFX, DLSS, & Epic Games Store Support

        Lutris is a free and open-source game manager available exclusively for Linux.

        It has been and still is one of the essentials when it comes to Linux gaming. Using Lutris, you can organize your game collection from various different gaming clients such as Steam, GOG, and Humble Bundle. Moreover, Lutris offers a one-step installation for various games to help you install games as conveniently as possible.

        Let’s take a look at what this release has to offer to Linux gamers.

      • Helping to keep your game library tidy Lutris 0.5.9 is out supporting Epic Games Store | GamingOnLinux

        The Epic Games Store comes to the game manager Lutris, giving you an even better place to deal with your game library split across many different stores. On top of that it also supports Steam for Windows as a game source, for those titles you can't get working directly through Proton.

        Now this means that Lutris can help you manage Epic Games Store, GOG, Humble Store, Steam (Linux/Windows), DOSBox, Emulators and more. Even more helpful is that Lutris games can be launched from Steam, you can disable 3rd party services you don't want, there's support now for DXVK-NVAPI and DLSS and VKD3D is now an option by itself.

      • Of Blades & Tails looks like a charming upcoming turn-based animal tribe RPG

        Developer Felix Laukel (Colmen's Quest) has announced Of Blades & Tails, a quite charming looking upcoming turn-based RPG in a world full of different animal tribes.

        "A turn-based RPG that is action-oriented but rewards a thoughtful approach. Discover a fantastic land populated by different animal tribes. You play Riff, a clever member of the tribe of foxes. A chain of unfortunate events involves you in a quest of vital importance to all the peace-loving creatures of the realm. You will have to leave your home village and explore the world to become strong enough to stand up to evil. (In other words: There will be a storyline but it's still in the making!)"

      • How to install Itch with Debian 11 - Unixcop

        Today we will learn how to install itch.io with Debian 11. For indie developers, the itch was developed to host, sell, and download games. Released in March 2013, websites hosts more than 40 million games today. Indie games or independent video game is typically a game developed by small communities. Such games do not have much support from some big tech companies. Newbies can enhance their skills here. Seasoned developed are able to earn good money. A lot of popular games are already contributed by itch.io.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • Kdenlive 21.08.2 is out

          The second release of the 21.08 series is out with a polishing galore throughout all Kdenlive components. Compositing highlights include added align parameters to the Composite interface, fixing line artifacts affecting the Slide composition, compositions display correctly on clips with same track transitions, Transform and Composite & Transform compositions adjust properly to frame size. Fade to Alpha effect is fixed. The Color picker now works properly when using multiple screens and the color display in the monitors is now accurate. Under the hood improvements include the crash detection and recovery system has been improved, fix Stabilize and Scene Detection jobs, removed noise when opening a project, don’t allow importing of project cache folders and always use UTF8 encoding when writing files.

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • Gnome 40: A Look Into the Upgraded Desktop Environment

          Gnome 40 has just been released, and it comes with a spectrum of improvements for the desktop environment. Gnome is the open-source desktop environment for various operating systems, including Linux’s Ubuntu and Fedora. This latest iteration promises to deliver a more aesthetically pleasing design and optimal performance.

          Let’s take a look at the design changes and improvements made to the desktop environment.

    • Distributions

      • Top 5 Most Stable Linux Distributions in 2021

        Linux is one of the utmost famous and free open-source platforms. Linux has recently gained a lot of attention and is widely used due to its security, scalability, and flexibility. The distribution named Linux does all the hard work for you by taking codes from open-source till compiling and then combining them into a single operating system so that you’re easily able to boot up and install. Furthermore, they also provide you with different options such as the default desktop environment, browser, and other software. Users can get an operating system by installing one of the most stable Linux distros.

        Linux has numerous distinct features for different users. There are lots of Linux distributions for a variety of uses, including education, gaming, and developing software. Somehow I can find so many different Linux distributions that I can’t even remember the exact numbers. There are some unique tendencies, revealed in some clones of each other. So it’s kind of confusing. But that’s the beauty of Linux. Few features of Linux distributions are quite identical to one another, but some distributions have their own user interface and unique features.

      • New Releases

      • SUSE/OpenSUSE

        • Ready to Solve for What's Next? Join SUSE at Google Cloud Next! | SUSE Communities

          Google has created a premier digital event. I know most folks are tired of seeing the word “digital” preceding the word “event” and are ready to get out and physically “be” at an event – I know I am! Google did an excellent job at structuring this event to make it engaging and customizable. There are keynotes by Sundar Pichai, Google and Alphabet CEO, and Thomas Kurian, Google Cloud CEO, to set the tone on day one. Urs Hölzle, Google Cloud SVP of Technical Infrastructure, will share the vision of the top three cloud technology trends for the next decade on day two.

        • End-to-end Encryption for Your Rancher Cluster with Linkerd | SUSE Communities

          SUSE One Partner, Bouyant, has offerings live in the SUSE Rancher Apps and Marketplace and we’ve invited Bouyant to author a guest blog so you can learn more about leveraging the Linkerd service mesh with SUSE Rancher. Originally create by Bouyant, Linkerd is one of only 16 projects carrying the CNCF’s Graduated project status. Bouyant also provides a Linkerd extension to connect to the Bouyant cloud service. Cool stuff. ~Bret

        • SUSE Enterprise Storage: What is next?

          Late last year, SUSE completed their acquisition of Rancher Labs, and in doing so, has had to make some decisions on their product roadmap and ongoing support commitments.

          SUSE Enterprise Storage, SUSE’s software-defined storage product based on Ceph, doesn’t appear to have made the cut. According to their support pages, it is scheduled for End of Life with milestones in January 2021 and 2022.

          If you are currently running SUSE Enterprise Storage 6, general support will end 31st January 2022. It appears there is a limited path forward for one last year of support, by upgrading to SES 7, but other alternatives could be considered, especially in the light of the recent developments.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • NodeConf Remote 2021 preview: 4 must-see talks | Red Hat Developer

          Red Hat is heading to NodeConf Remote on October 18–21, 2021! We'll be demonstrating a few of our favorite production-quality tools and solutions, all designed to help teams maintain productivity while successfully navigating the vast and rapidly changing cloud-native landscape.

          Talk with an expert during the virtual booth crawl and get a look at our latest workflows for building cloud-native JavaScript solutions on Kubernetes and Red Hat OpenShift. Our open source specialists are ready to show you how JavaScript and Node.js integrate with other technologies like authentication, distributed data caching and streaming, and business automation to deliver real value to customers.

        • Making a difference: From technical writer to managing a Support Delivery team

          Red Hat's Products and Technologies organization is doing game-changing work in the IT industry, so we're taking a closer look at some of the talented Red Hatters from around the world who are enabling our continued evolution. In showcasing their unique stories, it's clear that there's no one path to finding success as a Red Hatter. For each of us, it's about open collaboration and building something together.

        • 10 steps to a better Dockerfile

          The journey to the cloud typically starts with containerizing your apps. One of the first challenges developers face is writing the blueprint for those container images—aka a Dockerfile. This article guides you through nine steps to writing better Dockerfiles. The basis for our example is a popular Spring application.

        • Tools and practices for remote development teams

          During the height of the COVID-19 global pandemic, tens of millions of workers transitioned from the office to working from home. It was an unfamiliar way of doing things for many organizations—a true sink-or-swim scenario. Development teams are among those affected, and the challenges that we face are sometimes very specific. In this article, we explore a few tools and practices that can help distributed development teams work and collaborate from home. Hopefully, this exploration will be helpful to you and your team seeking a “new normal" after COVID-19.

        • The great resignation: 14 stats on the state of the IT career market

          The turnover tsunami has officially begun: Twice the number of workers in the U.S. are looking to jump ship now versus two years ago, according to the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM), the largest HR association in the U.S.

          That’s a result of the pent-up desire for greener pastures that employees put on hold during the uncertain days of the pandemic. Good news for IT professionals pursuing opportunities now: There are more positions than ever before as technology job growth continues to outpace the overall job growth rate in the U.S.

        • Will IT automation kill my job? | Enable Sysadmin

          A few times in my previous job, I wondered about automating myself out of a job. I was working on a small, three-person project, and we were responsible for creating various automation tasks for our larger team to use. There was a point where we had many things automated to make our team's life very easy, but that did not mean our work was done.

      • Debian Family

        • Debian 11.1 Bullseye and 10.11 Buster Available

          Responsible for Debian has announced the release of version 10.11 and 11.1 Bullseye Buster , who come to be the latest releases of the branches stable old and stable respectively. As expected, we find the application of patches that have accumulated since previous releases in order to avoid carrying out a “heavy” update just after completing the installation.

          Debian stable releases have a watertight software suite that is rarely modified during the lifetime of the system, so 11.1 Bullseye stands out for patches to fix both software and security bugs . Among the security flaws corrected, we find one that allowed arbitrary code execution (CVE-2021-38173) and another the “input validation is missing in host names returned by DNS servers” (CVE-2021-3672 ).

          As for the kernel, which we remember that Bullseye is Linux 5.10 , corrections have arrived for the Radeon drivers (the old Open Source for AMD Radeon graphics), AMDGPU (the “new” for AMD Radeon graphics) and Nouveau (the free one for graphics from NVIDIA). This is in addition to the fixes applied to the Realtek sound chips built into various HP notebook models.

        • Triaging Debian build failure logs with collab-qa-tools - Antonio Terceiro

          The Ruby team is working now on transitioning to ruby 3.0. Even though most packages will work just fine, there is substantial amount of packages that require some work to adapt. We have been doing test rebuilds for a while during transitions, but usually triaged the problems manually.

          This time I decided to try collab-qa-tools, a set of scripts Lucas Nussbaum uses when he does archive-wide rebuilds. I'm really glad that I did, because those tols save a lot of time when processing a large number of build failures. In this post, I will go through how to triage a set of build logs using collab-qa-tools.

          I have some some improvements to the code. Given my last merge request is very new and was not merged yet, a few of the things I mention here may apply only to my own ruby3.0 branch.

          collab-qa-tools also contains a few tools do perform the builds in the cloud, but since we already had the builds done, I will not be mentioning that part and will write exclusively about the triaging tools.

        • Fatdog64 811 works real nice

          Fatdog64 version 811 is the latest in the Fatdog puppy-derivative distribution. Using it, it seems very much like a puppy, UI, menu-structure, heaps of apps, but there are differences -- most notable is the Gslapt package manager instead of PPM in the pups.

        • The mysterious nomodeset kernel option
    • Devices/Embedded

      • Raspberry Pi Minitel Project Adds Portability to Retro Computer

        We’re definitely suckers for vintage computers here at Tom’s Hardware but throw in a Raspberry Pi and we’re guaranteed to be excited. Today we’ve got an awesome retro upgrade project to share from a maker known as Jeremy Cook who has decided to upgrade an old Minitel 1B terminal with a Raspberry Pi 3B.

        According to Cook, the Minitel was found at a garage sale a few years ago. The idea was to replace the hardware inside with a Pi alongside a battery for portability. This evolved into the final project we have today which also includes a few upgraded features.

      • DFI spins Tiger Lake thin Mini-ITX SBC and COM Express modules

        DFI has unveiled a “TGU171/TGU173” thin Mini-ITX board with 2.5GbE, 2x GbE, 4x USB 3.2 Gen2, 2x DP++, and 2x M.2, as well as Compact Type 6 “TGU968” and Mini Type 10 “TGU9A2” modules, all based on 11th Gen CPUs.

        DFI announced a “TGU” line of embedded boards and systems built around Intel’s 11th Gen Tiger Lake UP3 processors with 15-28W TDPs, starting with a thin mini-ITX board and COM Express Compact Type 6 and Mini Type 10 modules. The Mini-ITX form-factor TGU171/TGU173, Compact Type 6 TGU968, and Mini Type 10 TGU9A2 boards support Linux and Win 10 IoT. Other Intel-based DFI SBCs announced this year include the 3.5-inch, Coffee Lake powered CS551 and 2.5-inch, Whiskey Lake-based WL051.

      • Sony accelerates on OpenSource and Linux in particular

        Obviously all these devices rely on (or have inside them) software that manages them so that they perform the various functions for which they were designed. The choice of technologies to be implemented in the software itself is fundamental, and it seems that Sony has been aiming for the ubiquitous introduction of Linux for nearly twenty years .

      • Mobile Systems/Mobile Applications

        • PostmarketOS v21.06 Service Pack 3

          The mobile open source operating system postmarketOS receives monthly updates as service packs. ServicePack 3 has just been released for the stable issue postmarketOS v21.06. The service packs integrate innovations that were previously tested by the community in the edge channel.

          Thus Sxmo 1.5.2 that was represented as v1.5.1 in Edge, included in the selection. The abbreviation stands for Simple X Mobile and describes a minimalist user interface that was created for the PinePhone and is based on Alpine and postmarketOS. It is a collection of applications from the the suckless help of a environment, which are welded together to form a surface with few scripts.

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Linux Foundation Research and SODA Foundation Release New Data and Storage Trends for the Enterprise [Ed: Seems apt that Linux [sic] Foundation calls its marketing "research" (same lie as Microsoft) and "SODA" because it basically junk, unhealthy]
      • Enterprises Embrace Open Source To Tackle Growing Data Management Challenges [Ed: The latest ECT openwashing puff piece for "Linux" Foundation and its clients]

        Linux Foundation Research and SODA (Strategic Options Development and Analysis) Foundation on Tuesday released study results on new data and storage trends for enterprise. The 2021 Data and Storage Trends Report reveals enterprise use of data and storage as it relates to cloud services and workloads in the era of cloud native, edge, IoT and 5G.

      • The Apache News Round-up: week ending 8 October 2021

        We're wrapping up another great week with the following activities from the Apache community...

      • Web Browsers

        • Mozilla

          • Mozilla Performance Blog: Performance Sheriff Newsletter (August 2021)

            In August there were 126 alerts generated, resulting in 16 regression bugs being filed on average 3.6 days after the regressing change landed.

            Welcome to the August 2021 edition of the performance sheriffing newsletter. Here you’ll find the usual summary of our sheriffing efficiency metrics. If you’re interested (and if you have access) you can view the full dashboard.

      • FSFE

        • Till Jaeger +++ Youth Hacking 4 Freedom +++ SFScon 2021 [Ed: Child labour and PR for Google?]

          In our October Newsletter read about Till Jaeger, who knows first-hand what it takes to enforce Free Software licenses. Find out about the contest we just launched: Youth Hacking 4 Freedom. Learn about the donations by a high school yearbook team. Follow our latest activities and write down the dates of the upcoming SFScon.

        • Matthias Kirschner's Web log - fsfe: Help gathering resources for how to learn programming

          Little spoiler: if all goes well, before the end of the year, there will be an illustrated read-aloud book "Ada & Zangemann - a fairy tale about software, skateboards, and ice cream" for children from ~5-6 years old about Free Software. The book will first be available in German, but I am already working on an English version and maybe assist in other translations in future.

      • Programming/Development

        • Glibc 2.35 Removes The Long-Deprecated Intel MPX Support - Phoronix

          Intel Memory Protection Extensions (MPX) never really took off and the Linux support has been deprecated for a while with the code elsewhere in the stack already having been removed while with the upcoming Glibc 2.35 release that GNU C Library is also flushing away its support.

        • It's Ada Lovelace Day! Learn the Ada programming language in 2021 | Opensource.com

          In the 1970s, many programming languages were hyperspecific to the hardware they controlled. As a result, developers had to learn to code differently depending on the hardware they were programming. Debugging and maintenance were highly specialized, and code wasn't reusable across machines.

          The UK government recognized these problems and moved toward establishing a standardized multipurpose programming language. On December 10, 1980—Ada Lovelace's birthday—they made the Ada programming language an official military standard in the UK.

          Ada is similar in some ways to Algol or Pascal. It was originally designed for program reliability, easy maintenance, and efficiency. Most importantly, however, Ada's creators recognized that coding is a human activity, so a programming language must be something that humans can easily read and interact with.

          For Ada, readability is more important than conciseness. Writing code in Ada produces highly readable code, even compared to Python, and although its usage tends to be specialized, Ada is still being developed today.

        • Automate image processing with this Bash script | Opensource.com

          Writers not only work with words, they often have to work with images. Technical writing involves presenting a lot of screenshots to convey the technology and processes. Different publishing platforms may have various requirements for images, such as image format or file size.

          As an IT consultant and systems engineer, I have written a lot of technical documentation as client deliverables, generally with Microsoft Word (.doc) as the required format. Any document can grow fast as content is added. In the early days, screenshots were often bitmaps (.bmp), which can have a very large file size. A document describing the installation of an operating system onto a server could end up being a very big file.

          Downsizing the images without rendering them unreadable was a laborious exercise. Bitmaps could be converted to jpeg files and later png files. Editing continued to be a challenge even later when I switched my office suite to LibreOffice. Fortunately, most screenshot tools today save in smaller formats, such as png.

          Opensource.com puts certain limits on images that are used in its articles. I developed a quick three-step method for preparing images for my articles. The first step is to be smart about the staging, such as resizing a window or changing a font. Two additional steps became very repetitive. Those are to ensure the image doesn't exceed the 600-pixel width limit and to apply a border.

        • Having Fun With: DNS Records + Signed Certificates + Cryptographic Algorithms! – Jon's FOSS Blog

          So I was experimenting and if you can get signed certs from let’s-encrypt and dns records from cloud-flare, then you could store your public signed certificate as a set of split txt entries which anyone could verify with a set of up-to-date root certificates. You can then use the private key to sign an encryption key (stored as another txt record) along with the encrypted message (also another txt record).

        • Excellent Free Tutorials to Learn Emacs Lisp - LinuxLinks

          Emacs Lisp is a dialect of the Lisp programming language. Lisp (derives from “LISt Processing”) is one of the oldest programming languages. It was invented in 1958, with the language being conceived by John McCarthy and is based on his paper “Recursive Functions of Symbolic Expressions and Their Computation by Machine”. Over the years, Lisp has evolved into a family of programming languages.

          Most of the Emacs integrated environment is written in the programming language called Emacs Lisp.

          Although Emacs Lisp is usually thought of in association only with Emacs, it is a full computer programming language. You can use Emacs Lisp as you would any other programming language.

          Here’s our recommended free tutorials to learn Emacs Lisp (elisp). If you want a more general introduction to Lisp, read our recommended free tutorials to learn Lisp.

        • Perl/Raku

          • Rakudo Weekly News: 2021.41 Different Patterns

            Daniel Sockwell investigated the powers of smart matching in the Raku€® Programming Language in two blog posts Let’s try some pattern matching (/r/rakulang comments) and Further thoughts on Raku pattern matching (/r/rakulang comments). Both the blog posts and the comments are food for thought!

        • Python

    • Standards/Consortia

      • Competitive Compatibility: Let's Fix the Internet, Not the Tech Giants

        Tech's market concentration—summed up brilliantly by Tom Eastman, a New Zealand software developer, as the transformation of the Internet into "a group of five websites, each consisting of screenshots of text from the other four"—has aroused concern from regulators around the world.

        In China tech giants have been explicitly co-opted an arm of the state. In Europe regulators hope to discipline the conduct of U.S.-based "Big Tech" firms by passing strict rules about privacy, copyright, and terrorist content and then slapping the companies with titanic fines when they fail to abide by them. At the same time, European leaders talk about cultivating "national champions"—monopolistically dominant firms with firm national allegiance to their local governments.

        U.S. lawmakers are no more coherent: on the one hand, Congress recently held the most aggressive antitrust hearings since the era of Ronald Reagan, threatening to weaken the power of the giants by any means necessary. On the other hand, lawmakers on both sides of the aisle want to deputize Big Tech as part of law enforcement, charged with duties as varied as preventing human trafficking, policing copyright infringement, imposing neutrality on public discourse, blocking disinformation, and ending harassment and hate speech. If any of these duties can be performed (and some of them are sheer wishful thinking), they can only be performed by the very largest of companies, monopolists who extract monopoly rents and use them to fund these auxiliary duties.

        Tech has experienced waves of concentration before and resolved them with minimal state action. Instead, tech's giants were often felled by interoperability, which allows new market entrants to seize the "network effect" advantages of incumbents to turn them to their own use. Without interoperability, AT&T ruled the nation. With interoperability, the ubiquity of the Bell System merely meant that anyone who could make an answering machine, radio bridge, or modem that could plug into an RJ-11 jack could sell into every house and business in America.

        Everyone in the tech world claims to love interoperability—the technical ability to plug one product or service into another product or service—but interoperability covers a lot of territory, and depending on what's meant by interoperability, it can do a lot, a little, or nothing at all to protect users, innovation and fairness.

        Let's start with a taxonomy of interoperability.

      • Interoperability in Today’s Tech Market

        Doctorow notes that tech has experienced waves of concentration before. He cites the example of AT&T and the Bell System, saying previously companies were often “felled by interoperability, which allows new market entrants to seize the ‘network effect’ advantages of incumbents” for their own use.

  • Leftovers

    • Health/Nutrition

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Pseudo-Open Source

          • Openwashing

            • .NET Foundation focuses on 'issues with the community' after executive director quits [Ed: The latest Microsoft reputation laundering by Microsoft Tim this week]

              .NET Foundation executive director Claire Novotny resigned last week, but board member Shawn Wildermuth said that this did not solve "issues with the community" on which the foundation will now focus.

              The phrase "issues with the community" in Wildermuth's post should not be taken to mean that the community has misbehaved. It would be more accurate to call it the community's issues with the .NET Foundation, or perhaps with Microsoft, since the special role of Microsoft is one of those issues.

        • Security

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • Clean Up in the Digital Aisle: Privacy Concerns with Sobeys Inc. “Caper Carts” System - The Citizen Lab

              In 2019, the Canadian grocery chain Sobeys began using a system of “smart” shopping carts developed by the U.S.-based Caper.1 These carts allow customers to scan items as they place them in the cart, and use a series of visual and weight scanners to track the purchase of goods in the store. Customers are able to pay for their purchases using an interface on the shopping cart itself. Following the purchase, the customer is given an option to have their purchase receipt transmitted by SMS message or email.

              [...]

              While the credit, debit, and Air Miles card numbers were partially redacted, it is unlikely that two individuals would share the same partial card numbers. As a result, it would likely be possible to track the time and location of an individual’s purchases, as well as a full list of items purchased, across time.

            • Study reveals scale of data-sharing from Android mobile phones - Trinity News and Events

              We find that the Samsung, Xiaomi, Huawei and Realme Android variants all transmit a substantial volume of data to the OS developer (i.e. Samsung etc) and to third-party parties that have pre-installed system apps (including Google, Microsoft, Heytap, LinkedIn, Facebook). LineageOS sends similar volumes of data to Google as these proprietary Android variants, but we do not observe the LineageOS developers themselves collecting data nor pre-installed system apps other than those of Google. Notably, /e/OS sends no information to Google or other third parties and sends essentially no information to the /e/OS developers.

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • [Older] Clarifying Pleading Requirements for Patent Cases

          In Bot M8 LLC v. Sony Corporation of America, et al., No. 2020-2218 (Fed. Cir. July 13, 2021), the Federal Circuit affirmed the district court’s dismissal of Bot M8’s claims as to the ’540 and ’990 patents for failure to state a plausible claim of infringement. The Court also agreed with the district court that claim 1 of the ’363 patent was invalid under 35 U.S.C. €§ 101. With respect to the remaining ’988 and ’670 patents, however, the Court reversed and remanded the district court’s decision finding that Bot M8’s infringement allegations were insufficient.



        • Monday Miscellany - The IPKat

          Harry Rich has been appointed as the new UK Intellectual Property Office (IPO) Chair, along with two new non-executive directors, Harriet Kelsall and Hilary Newiss. All three took up their roles from 1 October 2021, for a period of three years. The UK IPO has also published its annual report, which details how the work of the IPO has supported innovation and economic growth during 2020-2021.

        • Software Patents

          • $2,000 for Phoji prior art

            On October 4, 2021, Unified Patents added a new PATROLL contest, with a $2,000 cash prize, seeking prior art on at least claim 1 of U.S. Patent 9,565,149. The patent is owned by Phoji, Inc. The '149 relates to including customized emojis with a messaging system and is currently being asserted against Atlassian and Slack.

          • Another ETRI AV1/HEVC patent held invalid in China

            On October 8, 2021, the China National Intellectual Property Administration declared all claims of CN104219523B invalid. The patent is owned by the Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI). The CN’523 patent is related to patents that are designated essential to the Access Advance (formerly known as HEVC Advance) patent pool as well as SISVEL’s AV1 and VP9 patent pools. It is also related to U.S. Patent 8,867,854, which Unified challenged in IPR2020-01048.



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