11.24.21

3.5 Years Later the ‘Master’ of Fedora is Still Microsoft and IBM Cannot Be Bothered to Alter Git Branch Names (Refuting or Ignoring Its Very Own Directive About Supposedly Racially-Insensitive Terms)

Posted in Deception, GNU/Linux, IBM, Microsoft, Red Hat at 7:56 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Older: 2 Years After Microsoft Hijacked GitHub for Monopoly Fedora Still Has Well Over 100 Projects in Microsoft’s GitHub (Not Even Counting Red Hat’s and Systemd)

Fedora Infrastructure at GitHub

Summary: Today we demonstrate the hypocrisy of IBM; years after telling us that we should shun the term “master” and repeatedly insisting it had a racist connotation at least 65 Fedora repositories, still controlled by Microsoft, still use “master”

A YEAR and a half ago we published the post above along with the screenshot above. The point that we made back then was, IBM/Red Hat clearly didn’t mind proprietary software lock-in, even if it had become controlled by Microsoft, a sworn enemy of copyleft and of the law in general.

Earlier this week I noticed that SUSE/OpenSUSE and many other high-profile companies/projects you’d expect to have moved away from “master” as a branch name (because they themselves insisted that it was racially insensitive) not doing so themselves, in effect shaming the community and exercising immense hypocrisy (or double standards). If a company with the manpower/resources of IBM cannot be bothered to change branch names (this may complicate or break many scripts, workflows etc.), then why should we? IBM along with Microsoft and Intel were probably were most vocal about this thing, creating endless commotion to distract from their own racism, which they did for profit. Racism pays them! Being racist means profit to those companies!

Today we took a quick look at all the repositories of Fedora. It’s the project that used to have a community but mostly has IBM staff left; the CentOS ‘dick moves’ drove away what was left of a non-IBM component in Fedora, not to mention IBM's Trumpian ban of Fedora contributors based on their nationality, which is abundantly racist in its own right (they even did this for Biden, not Trump). Yes, those projects or repositories are still controlled by Microsoft and IBM couldn’t be bothered to change branch names to something like “main”. About half of all projects are still saying “master” and we’ve taken 65 screenshots (for separate projects) to prove it and document it. See below (all of them say “master”).

The master in Fedora, example number 1

The master in Fedora, example number 2

The master in Fedora, example number 3

The master in Fedora, example number 4

The master in Fedora, example number 5

The master in Fedora, example number 6

The master in Fedora, example number 7

The master in Fedora, example number 8

The master in Fedora, example number 9

The master in Fedora, example number 10

The master in Fedora, example number 11

The master in Fedora, example number 12

The master in Fedora, example number 13

The master in Fedora, example number 14

The master in Fedora, example number 15

The master in Fedora, example number 16

The master in Fedora, example number 17

The master in Fedora, example number 18

The master in Fedora, example number 19

The master in Fedora, example number 20

The master in Fedora, example number 21

The master in Fedora, example number 22

The master in Fedora, example number 23

The master in Fedora, example number 24

The master in Fedora, example number 25

The master in Fedora, example number 26

The master in Fedora, example number 27

The master in Fedora, example number 28

The master in Fedora, example number 29

The master in Fedora, example number 30

The master in Fedora, example number 31

The master in Fedora, example number 32

The master in Fedora, example number 33

The master in Fedora, example number 34

The master in Fedora, example number 35

The master in Fedora, example number 36

The master in Fedora, example number 37

The master in Fedora, example number 38

The master in Fedora, example number 39

The master in Fedora, example number 40

The master in Fedora, example number 41

The master in Fedora, example number 42

The master in Fedora, example number 43

The master in Fedora, example number 44

The master in Fedora, example number 45

The master in Fedora, example number 46

The master in Fedora, example number 47

The master in Fedora, example number 48

The master in Fedora, example number 49

The master in Fedora, example number 50

The master in Fedora, example number 51

The master in Fedora, example number 52

The master in Fedora, example number 53

The master in Fedora, example number 54

The master in Fedora, example number 55

The master in Fedora, example number 56

The master in Fedora, example number 57

The master in Fedora, example number 58

The master in Fedora, example number 59

The master in Fedora, example number 60

The master in Fedora, example number 61

The master in Fedora, example number 62

The master in Fedora, example number 63

The master in Fedora, example number 64

The master in Fedora, example number 65

Index page

Fedora at Microsoft

Changing the Arrangement While News is a Bit Slow(er)

Posted in Site News at 6:53 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link | md5sum 94e8fbe5aa2f83a300a8e55632e41169

Summary: I’ve made it easier for myself to keep abreast of things like IRC channels and networks (incidentally, a day ago Freenode reopened to anonymous logins) and I’ve improved monitoring of the Web sites, Gemini capsule etc. (this video is unplanned and improvised)

TODAY we’ve hardly published anything, but that does not mean we weren’t busy (in Git and other things, such as arguing over the telephone). We’ll come back to to the usual routines and get back to normal by the end of this week for sure.

Raucous laughter: Black FridayWe don’t have a holiday here, except the consumerism festival being imitated (“Black Friday”) and polluting the World Wide Web a great deal. It has become painful to watch some so-called ‘Linux’ so-called ‘news’ sites pushing Windows in “Sponsored Posts” (we won’t name the culprits). The Web has become frustratingly bad.

So today I decided to show some of the tasks that were shuffled around or moved between screens and computers. There’s still 5 of them in total connected over Barrier and Synergy and there’s a Palm PDA that occasionally comes in handy. They’re all reasonably cheap, some are very old, but they help get work done on a low budget. Remember that Friday is Buy Nothing Day.

Buy Nothing Day
This photo (C) Lars Aronsson – Own work, CC SA 1.0

Links 24/11/2021: Alpine Linux 3.15 and Endless OS 4.0 Released

Posted in News Roundup at 4:59 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • The backbone of a Linux Industrial I/O driver

        As part of recent projects, we had to dig into the Linux kernel Industrial I/O (IIO) subsystem with the goals of supporting a new ADC and adding new features to an existing driver. These tasks involved quite a few discussions between our engineering team and the IIO maintainers and reviewers. The aim of this blog post is to summarize the substance of these explanations to help others understand how an IIO kernel driver works and interacts with the core IIO subsystem.

      • Intel Posts New Iteration Of Key Locker Support For Linux – Phoronix

        With Intel Tiger Lake mobile processors introduced last year there has been good open-source support going back to launch, but a few of the more niche features have seen slower than normal handling for getting the features supported by the upstream Linux kernel. The latest patch series being revived now is for Intel Key Locker support.

        Just a few days ago I talked about Intel pursuing a new Indirect Branch Tracking (IBT) patch series as part of their Control-Flow Enforcement Technology (CET) introduced on Tiger Lake. After months of silence, another Tiger Lake feature is seeing revised kernel patches emerge this week and that is for Key Locker.

      • EasyOS: Kernel 5.10.81 compiled with improved AMD CPU support

        I don’t have a PC with AMD CPU, so haven’t bothered much with configuring the kernel to work with them. However, some guys testing EasyOS are keen on them, so today have given it a closer look.

    • Benchmarks

      • AMD P-State v4 Linux Testing On A Ryzen 5 5500U

        With AMD having published a new revision to their AMD P-State Linux CPU frequency scaling driver that they are working towards mainlining with a goal of better power efficiency on Linux, here are some initial benchmarks of that new patch series when using a Ryzen 5 5500U notebook.

        The amd-pstate driver was updated a fourth time this past week since its unveiling in September with a goal of delivering better performance / power efficiency over the generic ACPI CPUFreq driver used on Linux systems. AMD’s P-State driver makes use of ACPI CPPC that is supported on Zen 2 and newer processors for making more precise handling and better informed decisions around ramping up/down the performance state of the processor.

    • Applications

      • Where in the Stack?

        For one of my projects – not KDE-related – I have a parser, written in YACC / bison. To build the project, the bison grammar needs to be compiled (by the bison command) to C, and then the C can be compiled to the final executable. On my workstation, the bison step would fail when the build was run one-process-at-a-time in KDE konsole. Workarounds were really weird: build with a -j flag to build with more processes at once, or pipe the build-output to cat, or run the build in xterm instead of konsole. So where is the bug? In konsole, in bison, or in something underneath? It’s definitely something to do with the terminal emulator: here’s a screenshot of bison compiling a sample file successfully in xterm, and crashing in konsole, roxterm and alacritty. It crashes in cool-retro-term as well, but leaves the terminal itself in a messed-up-state. It also crashes on the FreeBSD text console.

      • Wireshark 3.6.0 Release Notes

        Wireshark is the world’s most popular network protocol analyzer. It is used for troubleshooting, analysis, development and education.

      • Wireshark 3.6 Network Analyzer Release – itsfoss.net

        After a year of development, a new stable branch of the Wireshark 3.6 network analyzer has been released. Recall that initially the project developed under the name Ethereal, but in 2006, due to a conflict with the owner of the Ethereal trademark, the developers were forced to rename the project to Wireshark. The project code is distributed under the GPLv2 license.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • Running Linux on the GPD Pocket 3 mini-laptop – Liliputing

        The GPD Pocket 3 is a tiny laptop computer with an 8 inch touchscreen display, a swivel-hinge that allows you to fold the screen over the keyboard for use in tablet mode, and a modular port system that allows you to customize the little computer’s capabilities.

      • How to install phpMyAdmin on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS using repository

        Well, we can install phpMyadmin by manually downloading and setting its files along with Apache on Ubuntu. However, it could be difficult for a few users to go through various steps to configure phpMyAdmin, instead of that we can automate its installation using the phpMyadmin repository on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa.

        phpMyAdmin is an open-source web platform developed in PHP to manage MariaDB or MySQL database server via a graphical web interface. Most of the hosting platforms come with this database web-based management application, already, however, if you are using some private virtual server or cloud hosting then you may need to install it manually. And here in this article, we learn that.

      • How to Install Icinga 2 on Ubuntu 20.04 | RoseHosting

        In this article, we are going to explain about installing Icinga 2 Monitoring Software on Ubuntu 20.04.

        Icinga is an open-source and cross-platform monitoring tool that monitors network resources, generates performance data, sends notifications about outages and etc. It is one of the most popular monitoring tools on the internet that provides high availability and distributed monitoring. Besides the installation, we will explain in more detail the configuration and accessing the Icinga through the web interface.

        Icinga 2 installation may take up to 40 minutes but don’t worry it is very easy and straightforward. Let’s Start

      • How to listen to radio on the Linux desktop with ease

        Want to listen to the radio on your Linux desktop but can’t find a radio app with a simple user interface? If so, Raddiola is for you. It’s a simple, easy-to-use radio program that you can use to listen to internet radio on the Linux desktop.

      • How to play Halo Wars: Definitive Edition on Linux

        Halo Wars: Definitive Edition is the PC release of Halo Wars. Halo Wars is a real-time strategy video game based inside of the Halo video game universe. Here’s how you can get the game working on Linux.

      • FreeBSD CPU Information Command – nixCraft

        How do I get more information about CPU under FreeBSD operating systems such as CPU Speed and model using the command-line options?

      • How to install PHP 7.2/7.3/7.4 or 8.0 on Amazon Linux 2 – nixCraft

        While working with an application, I needed PHP 7.4 and 8.0 on Amazon Linux 2 EC2 and Lightsail instance. Here is how to install PHP version 7.2/7.3/7.4 or 8.0 on Amazon Linux 2 using the yum command.

        The default PHP version is 5.4.16 on Amazon Linux version 2. However, for Lightsail or EC2 cloud server, I needed either PHP 7.4 or PHP 8.0 as my application works with both versions flawlessly. So, let us see how a developer can install PHP 7.4 or 8.0 on an Amazon Linux 2 virtual machine.

      • How to set up the Pretty Hostname – Unixcop the Unix / Linux the admins deams

        A pretty hostname avoids most of the limitations of other hostname types, giving users more freedom when naming their systems.

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to set up a pretty hostname for a Linux system in two different methods.

      • How to install and use SAR command (to Monitor system Performance) in Linux – Unixcop the Unix / Linux the admins deams

        System Activity Report (sar) is a Unix System V-derived system monitor command used to report on various system loads, including CPU activity, memory/paging, interrupts, device load, network and swap space utilization. Sar uses /proc filesystem for gathering information.

        In this tutorial, We will show you how to install and use SAR command in Linux.

      • How to Ping a Port Number in Linux – Unixcop the Unix / Linux the admins deams

        Ping is a computer network administration software utility used to test the reachability of a host on an Internet Protocol (IP) network. It is available for virtually all operating systems that have networking capability, including most embedded network administration software.

        Port numbers belong to transport layer protocols, such as TCP and UDP. Port numbers help identify where an Internet or other network message forwarded when it arrives.

        So Pinging ports is one of the most effective troubleshooting technique in order to see if a service is alive or not.

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to ping a port in Linux using three different tools.

      • How to install Apache Cassandra with Podman – NextGenTips

        Apache Cassandra is a free and open-source, distributed, wide-column store, NoSQL database management system designed to handle large amounts of data across many commodity servers, providing high availability with no single point of failure.

        Linear scalability and proven fault-tolerance on cloud infrastructure make it the perfect platform for mission-critical data.

      • Force SSH Client to Use IPv4 or IPv6 – Putorius

        In this Linux quick tip we will discuss using command line options to force the SSH client to use IPv4 or IPv6 specifically. We will also show you how to set which IP protocol you would like to use in your SSH client configuration file.

      • How to Install Zoom on Linux – Make Tech Easier

        “Can I install Zoom on Linux?” was the first question that came to mind when my bosses informed me that we would be working from home and using Zoom for remote meetings and one-on-one interactions with fellow employees and clients. The answer to that first question is yes, you can install Zoom on Linux. Let’s look at how to download and install the Zoom client on four different Linux distributions: Fedora, Manjaro (Arch), OpenSUSE, and Ubuntu/Debian.

      • How to upgrade from Fedora 34 to Fedora 35 | FOSS Linux

        The official stable release of Fedora Workstation 35 was made available for download on November 2, 2021, after being pushed back to resolve some outstanding bugs. You can now install or upgrade to Fedora 35 Desktop, Fedora cloud, Fedora Servers, or any spin or labs that come with any new release cycle.

        If you prefer a fresh installation, you will have to download the latest ISO, create a bootable USB and perform a fresh install. I prefer an upgrade of the Fedora 34 system to Fedora 35. An upgrade will retain any existing files and all installed applications.

        The article is a step-by-step guide on how to upgrade to Fedora 35 via GUI (GNOME software) and the CLI method.

      • » Android – how to: wireless access device (wifi wlan) via ftp and how to: save apps to apk and send via bluetooth or even messenger (whatsapp, signal, telegram) | dwaves.de

        what is definately great and a big plus is the “openness” of the Android (a by Google heavily modified GNU-Linux) environment.

    • Games

      • Lands Awakened is live now for Albion Online, big open-world improvements | GamingOnLinux

        Albion Online, the free to play MMO that has native Linux support, has been upgraded with some massive improvements landing in the Lands Awakened update.

        One of the big noticeable changes is the rework of the open-world areas. Expect to find improved visuals and layouts in all the biomes, better mobs that become stronger over time and give better rewards, a rework of dungeons and treasure sites that spawn randomly and more. You also get the War Gloves weapon, new Elite levels for weapons and armour, a rework of Guild Seasons and so on.

      • Settlement-builder King under the Mountain hits Early Access | GamingOnLinux

        King under the Mountain is a fresh take on building up a settlement, this time with a fantasy setting that looks a bit nordic.

        The visual style of it will be instantly familiar to anyone who has played the likes of Prison Architect and RimWorld, with the small floaty characters and colourful tile-based building. Currently in Early Access, for the second time, after initially being available on itch.io as an early Alpha. This version is much further along although still largely incomplete.

      • Steam Autumn Sale 2021 is live now

        It’s that time of the year again. It’s getting cold outside, dark and so you should keep warm with some new games. The Steam Autumn Sale 2021 is up.

        You know the drill, you probably have a Wishlist stocked full of interesting games but for those who don’t we have a couple of items you should take a look at including…

      • Zid Journey is another colourful and inviting prehistoric adventure coming up | GamingOnLinux

        Developer Azure Mountain has announced the second game in the Zid and Zniw Chronicles series, with Zid Journey.

        The game will offer up a familiar look and feel, with its classic point and click adventure gameplay and cartoony visuals much like its predecessor Zniw Adventure. Set in the Cretaceous Period, it stars Zid, a young dinosaur who is searching for the lost parents of a tyrannosaur hatchling.

      • Hanoi Puzzles: Flip Match is a nice no-frills experience based on the Tower of Hanoi | GamingOnLinux

        One for puzzle game fans after something to relax with and test the brain a little, Hanoi Puzzles: Flip Match released back in October from Hanoi Studios.

        The developer tells us it has a similar idea to the previous title Hanoi Puzzles: Solid Match, this time around it adjusts the gameplay with “a harder mechanic, enhanced graphics and colours, new original soundtrack and dozens of new challenges”. At its core the main mechanic is taken from the Tower of Hanoi, with you moving around differently sized discs to get them to fit together.

      • Neverwinter Nights: Enhanced Edition gets an official HD model and texture pack | GamingOnLinux

        Love the Neverwinter Nights: Enhanced Edition from Beamdog and want to make it look just that little bit more modern? Beamdog has your answer now.

        After years of work, Beamdog has now released a free HD Models & Textures Pack for Neverwinter Nights: Enhanced Edition that gives a visual boost to player character models and their equipment (including armour, weapons and shields). The newer models now support “normal and spec information”, plus they can be further modded by the community just the the base game.

      • Capture monsters and explore dungeons in Siralim Ultimate on December 3 | GamingOnLinux

        Thylacine Studios have announced that their dungeon-crawling and monster-catching roguelike RPG, Siralim Ultimate, which leaves Early Access on December 3.

        A game that the developer says is a bit like “Pokemon meets Diablo, or more accurately, Dragon Warrior Monsters meets Path of Exile”. It might not be a looker but it has a huge amount of depth and replay value to it, and one that’s easy enough to really get stuck into.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • Plasma wonder tools: Digital Clock

          A bunch of months back down the trouser leg of time, I published my Plasma is awesome article. Indeed, it’s the most cohesive, consistent and convenient desktop environment in the Linux world, and beyond. You get a great experience, with big things as well as small ones. A good example is the Digital Clock widget, the topic of today’s piece.

          You may think, digital clock, who cares? Well, if you’ve used other operating systems and/or desktop environments, you would. Quite often, the clock tool is merely a simple placeholder for time and date, perhaps calendar, and … that’s about it. Also, you may say: wait, didn’t we talk about this already? Yes, we did talk about the Digital Clock in 2018, so it would be nice to see how things have changed and improved three years later. Now, let’s see how Plasma handles it, and why it does a better job than its rivals. After me.

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • How To Survive GNOME With GNOME Extensions

          When you start as a Linux User, you are very likely to fall in two camps. Either you are a GNOME user, or a KDE user, whether it was by choice or by default. So you already know you won’t be missing any fanboy-ism or any flamewar in the Linux community. Since a good chunk of Linux users are tinkerers, we end up with a lot of experiments: different distros, different desktops, different bootloaders, different everything. I personally think it’s very healthy, even if it goes against having a consistent experience across the board. This is what happens when users are able to modify and tweak every piece of the system. It’s an inherent property of its original design.

          Of course, you can avoid the GNOME vs KDE war by using something completely different altogether, like a tiler i3, awesomevm or other alternatives… or just use both GNOME and KDE and recognize that they both have some merits.

          These days I tend to find myself more at home in KDE than in GNOME, but I still use GNOME on one of my machines – it moved recently to GNOME 41. Out of the box I’m in the camp that GNOME defaults are not for me, making it barely usable. Thankfully there’s the wonderful world of GNOME Extensions to make it possible to live in GNOME, keeping the good bits and ironing out the bad ones with Extensions. I won’t go at length on how to install extensions, suffice to say that you simply need the above link and a browser plugin (available for Firefox and Chromium/Chrome) if you like it the easy way.

          So, here is what I recommend if you feel a little lost by the lack of customization or options in Vanilla GNOME. I will split my recommended extensions into three parts: Essential, Important, and Nice to have.

        • The Top 8 Features of the GNOME Desktop Environment

          GNOME is one of the oldest and most popular interfaces for free and open-source operating systems like Linux. But modern GNOME looks nothing like its origins, and it has evolved into one of the best ways to use a computer.

          Whether you’re already using Linux or curious why you might want to make the switch, here are some of the best features of GNOME.

          [...]

          On GNOME, the panel at the top does not contain any app launchers. This panel is small and black, like on a phone or tablet, and is lately static. It contains the date and time, a few system indicators in the top right, an Activities button in the top left, and the name of the currently running app next to that.

          You click that Activities button when you want to do anything unrelated to the currently open app. Otherwise, there’s little on-screen to distract you from what you’re doing.

    • Distributions

      • Deepin 20.3 Released with Kernel 5.15, Scrolling Screenshot Support

        The beautiful Debian based Linux distribution Deepin 20.3 was released. Features Kernel 5.15, new features and optimizations for its core apps.

        The stable Linux kernel has been updated to v5.15 with better support for Intel 12th Gen processors and NTFS file systems. Though the iso image by default boots with 5.10 LTS kernel, user have to select the new kernel to install from ‘Advanced’ menu in Grub boot-loader.

        The Deepin screen capture can now take scrolling screenshots via the ‘Scrollshot‘ option. After selecting an app window to capture, a ‘Scrollshot’ option is available in tool-bar. By clicking on it, you may scroll the page to take a continuous screenshot with real-time preview. Also OCR is supported in this mode to extract text from image.

      • Distribution kit for mobile phones NemoMobile 0.7 Released

        After more than a year of development, an updated distribution kit for mobile phones NemoMobile 0.7 version was released, using the developments of the Mer project, but based on the ManjaroArm project. The system image size for Pine Phone is 740 MB. All applications and services are open under GPL and BSD licenses and are available on GitHub .

        NemoMobile was originally planned as an open replacement for Nokia’s Harmattan project and was developed in collaboration between the community and Jolla. However, over time, Jolla focused on the partially closed SailfishOS without paying due attention to the open part of the Mer – NemoMobile project. The last release of NemoMobile took place in April 2013

        In 2019, a team of enthusiasts began the transfer of NemoMobile components from the Mer base to the Manjaro base. There have also been projects to port NemoMobile to other operating systems like Fedora and OpenEmbedend. The main reason for moving from the Mer base was obsolete components. In particular, Mer still uses version 5.6 of Qt due to licensing restrictions.

      • New Releases

        • Alpine Linux 3.15 Released with Linux 5.15 LTS, GNOME 41, and UEFI Secure Boot Support

          Alpine Linux 3.15 is here more than five months after Alpine Linux 3.14 to provide those who want to use this security-oriented distribution on their computers. As you can imagine, this is a major update and it’s the first release of Alpine Linux to be powered by the latest and greatest Linux 5.15 LTS kernel series.

          Highlights of this release include initial support for UEFI Secure Boot on the 64-bit (x86_64) architecture, support for disk encryption in the installer, support for out-of-tree kernel modules via AKMS (inspired by DKMS), gzip compressed kernel modules, and SimpleDRM as default in-kernel framebuffer driver for a flicker-free boot.

        • Alpine 3.15.0 released

          We are pleased to announce the release of Alpine Linux 3.15.0, the first in the v3.15 stable series.

        • Alpine Linux 3.15 Released – Builds Off Linux 5.15, Drops MIPS64, SimpleDRM For FB

          Alpine Linux 3.15 is out today as the newest feature update to this lightweight/embedded/containers focused Linux distribution known for its musl+Busybox usage along with OpenRC as the init system.

          Alpine Linux 3.15 ships with a wide variety of package updates including use of the Linux 5.15 LTS kernel, LLVM 12, PostgreSQL 14, Rust 1.56, OpenJDK Java 17, GNOME 41, X.Org Server 21.1, KDE Plasma 5.23, and many other updates.

        • Endless OS 4.0 Released as Long-Term Supported Series, Based on Debian Bullseye

          Endless OS 4.0 is a major release that introduces numerous new features and enhancements, starting with an improved app grid navigation with clickable arrows that allow users to more easily navigate between app pages, with dots that indicate the total number of pages and the page you’re currently on.

          This release also introduces fast user switching to allow you to easily switch to a different user while another user is still logged in. The new feature has been implementing in both the user menu and the lock screen.

      • SUSE/OpenSUSE

        • Digest of YaST Development Sprints 135 & 136

          As already explained in this same blog quite some time ago the YaST Partitioner can be used to set up several kinds of encryption, but “Regular LUKS2” was not one of those. That was intentional because using LUKS2 comes with many challenges, as summarized in this Bugzilla comment. But now the time has come to start introducing experimental support for general LUKS2 encryption. Initially it will be available in openSUSE Tumbleweed and pre-releases of SLE-15-SP4 but only if the environment variable YAST_LUKS2_AVAILABLE is set. Check the description of this pull request for screenshots and more information.

          Support for LUKS2 in AutoYaST will have to wait a bit, until we have received some feedback from interactive installations and ironed out all the details. But AutoYaST users can meanwhile test and enjoy another new feature available also in Tumbleweed and 15.4 pre-releases – support for identifying EFI systems in dynamic profiles, which includes both rules and ERB templates. Learn more and see some examples in the description of the corresponding pull request.

          The last feature for Tumbleweed and the upcoming 15.4 that we want to highlight in this report is the brand new support for NTLM authentication in linuxrc.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • A year of collaboration: 2020-2021 IBM Developer partnership program

          In December 2020, the IBM Developer team decided to launch its first-ever Partner Developer Success Program. The idea for this program is simple: Collaborate with partners on co-hosted webinars to educate external developers about the values and benefits of IBM and partner technologies.

          The partners that we decided to collaborate with were either part of the Hybrid Cloud Build Team ecosystem, were global system integrators (GSIs), independent software vendors (ISVs), or part of Red Hat Marketplace. Overall, these are partners that are already deeply rooted in the IBM tech ecosystem, and the goal with this program is to highlight and share technology insights.

          Since the program’s conception, we have collaborated with more than 10 different partners on 30+ Crowdcast.io webinars, attracting an average of over 200 attendees worldwide. We have also started collaborating with partners in various geographic regions and languages, such as Latin America, Europe, and the Middle East. We have begun live-streaming our sessions across our YouTube, Twitter, and Twitch channels.

        • Customizing provisioning templates in Red Hat Satellite using snippets

          Red Hat Satellite’s provisioning templates are very powerful, but also hard to customize and maintain. A recently introduced feature makes extending and customizing default templates much easier to accomplish and maintain. In this post, we’ll provide an overview of the Kickstart default provisioning template and how to create a custom provisioning template using snippets that better address your environment.

        • Veeam Ransomware Protection with Red Hat Enterprise Linux as the Immutable Repository

          Veeam Backup and Replication is a backup, recovery and data management platform that modernizes data protection for cloud, physical and virtual environments. In this post we’re going to look at using Veeam as part of a strategy to guard against ransomware attacks.

          Ransomware attacks continue to be damaging and costly events for all sizes of companies. Immutable backups are just one component in an overall business continuity strategy to protect against these types of revenue and reputation draining catastrophes.

          Linux is key to this strategy, and specifically Red Hat Enterprise Linux, can act as that immutable backup repository—whether on-premise, or in the cloud as part of your hybrid-cloud implementation.

    • Devices/Embedded

      • Sipeed LicheeRV – A $16.90 Allwinner D1 Linux RISC-V board

        Finally! There’s now a much more affordable Allwinner D1 RISC-V Linux board thanks to Sipeed LicheeRV Nezha CM SBC sold for $16.90 and up on Aliexpress, that’s much cheaper than the $100 asked for Nezha SBC, although still not incredibly cheap as we’ll see from the specifications below.

        Sipeed LicheeRV is actually both a board and a system-on-on-module with an edge connector, and is equipped with 512MB DDR3, a USB-C OTG port, a MicroSD card socket, and an SPI display interface. The dual M.2 edge connector can be plugged into a carrier board, and they will be a “86 Box” (86x86mm) for HMI display that can be used for home automation.

      • $17 SBC runs Linux on Allwinner D1 RISC-V SoC

        Sipeed has launched a tiny, SoM-like “LicheeRV” SBC that runs Linux on an Allwinner D1 RISC-V SoC. The board supports standalone use, but is primarily intended to plug into upcoming “Lichee RV-86” panel PC and future carriers.

        In Nov. 2020, Allwinner and Alibaba’s T-head subsidiary announced an Allwinner D1 SoC based on T-head’s RISC-V-based XuanTie C906 core. At the time, Sipeed said it would produce a $12.50 SBC based on the SoC that would arrive in early 2021. The SBC was delayed due to supply issues, and Sipeed instead went to Indiegogo in May to launch a more feature rich Nezha SBC based on the Allwinner D1 starting at $99.

      • Open Hardware/Modding

        • Oscilloscope Probes Itself To Add Video | Hackaday

          Modern oscilloscopes are often loaded with features, but every now and then you run into a feature that seems easy to implement yet isn’t available. [kgsws] wanted to use his Rigol DS1074 to show live measurements in his YouTube videos, but found out that this scope doesn’t support video output. Not to be deterred, [kgsws] decided to add this feature himself. In the video embedded below, he describes in detail the process of adding a USB Video Capture (UVC) interface to his oscilloscope.

          The basic idea was to find the signals going into the scope’s display and read them out using a Cypress EZ-USB board. This is a development board that can be used to design USB devices, and supports the UVC mode. However, with no documentation of any of the Rigol’s internal circuitry [kgsws] had to probe the display connector to find out which pin carried which signal. And since he had no other scope available than this Rigol, he hooked up the various bits of the disassembled instrument so that it could (awkwardly) probe its own internal signals.

        • 7 Segment Display And Raspberry PI Pico: Wiring and Setup with MicroPython

          7 segment display can be controlled with a few Micropython lines from Raspberry PI Pico. It is one of simplest projects and a funny way to start coding and cabling

          In this tutorial, I’m going t show you how to connect and configure a 7 segment display with a Raspberry PI Pico. If you are interested in how to get it working with Raspberry PI computer boards (like RPI Zero, RPI 4 model B, RPI 3 model A/B, and so on), please refer to my Control a 7 Segment Display from Raspberry PI with Python.

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

  • Leftovers

    • Dead on Archival

      Being a child of the 1980s is kind of strange nowadays. I don’t feel old but am often quick to make references that date me. Pop culture is obviously a rife minefield for this but I also run into this as a writer and journalist. In my younger days, I was a reporter at Forbes Magazine but was based in Austin, Texas. On occasion, I got to travel to New York and work out of the Forbes office on 5th Avenue. In the early aughts, it was a big time magazine and just felt cinematic. A bustling newsroom with reporters taking calls, editors demanding more info before deadline, and beleaguered copy editors wondering what happened to the American education system. When I got a tour on my first visit, I took a spiral staircase down to the Forbes archives. Though I expected a library like one Indiana Jones would have stumbled upon, instead it was rows of grey filing cabinets. Think of the ones that were behind the accounting department in the U.S. version of The Office. As the archivist explained a bit about how some 75 years of work was organized, I wondered what happens to all this when they digitize the files. Instead, I should have been wondering what happens when publications go bust. What happens to all this history? Today’s Tedium is looking at the archives of defunct publications and what, if any, second life they manage to get

    • Science

      • Why Deep Frying Turkey Can Go Very Wrong | Hackaday

        It all sounds fairly straight forward, but there are two ways that this often goes wrong, leading to leaping flames and calls to the fire department. The first of all is simple: overfilling. Lowering a turkey into oil will necessarily displace that oil. A pot filled to the brim will thus overflow the second the turkey enters the pot, with hot oil streaming down the sides of the cooking vessel directly towards the gas burner below. It’s a beginner’s mistake, but one that happens all too often. To avoid this, it’s important to account for the volume of the turkey before dropping it in the pot, to avoid starting a conflagration.

        The second major cause of turkey fires is from attempting to deep fry a frozen turkey. The ice on the frozen turkey quickly turns to steam when it comes into contact with the hot oil. The steam rapidly expands, creating bubbles and quickly throwing hot foaming oil all over the place. This can easily cause severe burns by itself, but the presence of a gas burner only increases the danger. The hot aerosolized oil typically catches fire, either from the burner itself or simply the hot surfaces in the vicinity, and quickly creates a huge fireball.

    • Hardware

      • A Flip Clock That Flips Up, Not Down | Hackaday

        The venerable flip clock has become an outsized part of timekeeping culture that belies the simplicity of its mechanism. People collect and restore the electromechanical timepieces with devotion, and even seek to build new kinds of clocks based on split-flap displays. Designs differ, but they all have something in common in their use of gravity to open the leaves and display their numbers.

      • Cracking Open The Prince Floppy After The Purple Reign | Hackaday

        Readers of a certain vintage will no doubt remember the time when Prince eschewed his royal position and became an unpronounceable symbol. People had no choice but to refer to him as TAFKAP, The Artist Formerly Known As Prince, and members of the music press were sent a 3.5″ floppy disk with a font file containing a single character — that gender-transcending shape that would soon become another one of Prince’s guitars. But it’s 2021, and now you can get it from the Internet Archive. Fun fact: the file wasn’t ever locked down. In fact, the symbol was available on Prince’s Compuserve and fan club CD-ROM.

        While some people trawl auction sites for overalls and weird keyboards, others look for ridiculous items from the zeitgeist, like a copy of this floppy. Take [Anil Dash] for instance. [Anil] finally pulled the trigger after 15 years of debating this particular purchase. [Anil]’s interest was reignited after reading this analysis of whether the symbol could ever be put into Unicode. (Between being trademarked, a logo, and a personal character, it’s ineligible for inclusion.)

      • You Can’t Upgrade Soldered-On Laptop RAM? Think Again | Hackaday

        The write-up is a fascinating primer on how DRAM identification works, which for removable DIMMs is handled by an onboard FLASH chip containing the details of the chips on board. A soldered-on laptop has none of these, so instead it employs a series of resistors whose combination tells the BIOS what memory to expect. Some research revealed their configuration, at which point the correct chips were sourced. Surprisingly it’s not as easy as one might expect to buy small quantities of some RAM chips, but he was eventually able to find some via AliExpress. An aside is how he checked the chips he received for fakes, including the useful tip of hiring a dentist to take an x-ray.

      • Mechanical Musical Sculpture Recalls The Four Muses | Hackaday

        Music was created by humans, but often we find ourselves creating performances with machines. [Alana Balagot] and [Federico Tobon] did just that, constructing the stunning 4 Muses musical sculpture with their combined talents.

        4 Muses is made up of four individual instruments, under the command of a single keyboard controller. The keyboard can be used to play the instruments live, or alternatively, can learn from the player or be used as a sequencer. It can also act as a simple device to play back music using the four instruments.

        The pipe instrument uses servo-controlled valves, which allow air from a blower fan to reach several wood pipes. The xylophone instead uses solenoids to play its 13 tines. Percussion is provided by a mechanized cajón drum, using motors to actuate mallets that strike the various sections of the box. Meanwhile, hackers will be familiar with the concept of the motor-noise instrument, which drives stepper motors at different frequencies to generate tones.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Security

          • CVE-2021-41816: Buffer Overrun in CGI.escape_html

            A buffer overrun vulnerability was discovered in CGI.escape_html. This vulnerability has been assigned the CVE identifier CVE-2021-41816. We strongly recommend upgrading Ruby.

          • CVE-2021-41819: Cookie Prefix Spoofing in CGI::Cookie.parse

            A cookie prefix spoofing vulnerability was discovered in CGI::Cookie.parse. This vulnerability has been assigned the CVE identifier CVE-2021-41819. We strongly recommend upgrading Ruby.

          • Ruby 2.6.9 Released

            This release includes security fixes. Please check the topics below for details.

          • Ruby 2.7.5 Released
          • Ruby 3.0.3 Released
          • Security updates for Wednesday

            Security updates have been issued by Debian (openjdk-17), Fedora (libxls, roundcubemail, and vim), openSUSE (bind, java-1_8_0-openjdk, and redis), Red Hat (kernel, kernel-rt, kpatch-patch, krb5, mailman:2.1, openssh, and rpm), Scientific Linux (kernel, krb5, openssh, and rpm), SUSE (bind, java-1_8_0-openjdk, redis, and webkit2gtk3), and Ubuntu (bluez).

          • VMware Releases Security Updates | CISA

            VMware has released security updates to address multiple vulnerabilities in vCenter Server and Cloud Foundation. A remote attacker can exploit this vulnerability to obtain access to sensitive information.

          • CISA Releases Capacity Enhancement Guides to Enhance Mobile Device Cybersecurity for Consumers and Organizations | CISA

            CISA has released actionable Capacity Enhancement Guides (CEGs) to help users and organizations improve mobile device cybersecurity.

          • Malware downloaded from PyPI 41,000 times was surprisingly stealthy
          • GoDaddy Breach Exposes SSL Keys of Managed WordPress Hosting Customers

            A data breach at GoDaddy exposed SSL keys issued to an undisclosed — but likely large — number of active customers using its Managed WordPress website hosting service. The incident has sparked concerns about attackers hijacking domains for ransomware or spoofing them for credential theft and other malicious purposes.

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • Apple Sues NSO Group [Ed: Spying companies sue spying company; helps distract and deflect focus (off and away from themselves)]

              NSO Group’s Pegasus spyware is favored by totalitarian governments around the world, who use it to hack Apple phones and computers.

              [...]

              This follows in the footsteps of Facebook, which is also suing NSO Group and demanding a similar prohibition. And while the idea of the intermediary suing the attacker, and not the victim, is somewhat novel, I think it makes a lot of sense. I have a law journal article about to be published with Jon Penney on the Facebook case.

    • Environment

      • Energy

        • The Corbett Report – How Green Finance is Monopolizing the Planet

          Whitney Webb returns to the program to discuss her recent work on the “green” transformation of the global financial system. From NACs to GFANZ, Webb and Corbett break down the latest attempt to monopolize the world’s natural resources and how this financial scam represents the next step along the path to the Great Reset, Agenda 2030 and the 4th Industrial Revolution.

    • Monopolies

      • Copyrights

        • William Wells Brown, Wildcat Banker – The Public Domain Review

          A cottage industry, yes, but a barbershop bank? Ross Bullen plots how a story told by William Wells Brown — novelist, historian, playwright, physician, and escaped slave — circulated, first through his own works, and then abroad, as a parable of American banking gone bad.

[Meme] Jimmy Zemlin Loves Microsoft

Posted in GNU/Linux, Kernel, Microsoft at 1:11 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Laughter video: Zemlin love/Microsoft 'loves' Linux

Summary: It’s funny, isn’t it? Lying for a living and sucking up to the liars pays off; you get to plunder actual Linux users while leaving Linux morally and financially bankrupt

Links 24/11/2021: PHP Foundation and Flatpak Criticisms

Posted in News Roundup at 9:32 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Server

      • Kubernetes 1.23 rc testing with MicroK8s

        Today, Kubernetes 1.23 release candidate was made available upstream for testing and experimentation. General availability is planned for December 7th, so now is the time to report back any issues or bugs. Developers, DevOps and open source software enthusiasts can try out the latest features using MicroK8s.

        MicroK8s is a lightweight, CNCF-certified Kubernetes distribution with a streamlined UX. It can run from a local workstation to the cloud and is ideal to build edge clusters as it includes all Kubernetes services and useful addons in a single light package. MicroK8s tracks all upstream releases, and allows users to select between stable versions for production, beta, or release candidate versions for testing.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • Google Pixel 6 and Pixel 6 Pro are seeing work for mainline Linux kernel support

        The Google Pixel 6 and the Pixel 6 Pro are the first smartphones powered by the company’s in-house Tensor SoC. They also shipped with Android 12 out-of-the-box, and if you take a look at the kernel sources, you can find Linux kernel 5.10 under the hood. If you’ve already bought either device for the sake of aftermarket development, then you’ll be happy to know that Google has recently started populating a mainline Linux kernel 5.15 branch for the Pixel 6 family. What’s more interesting is that XDA Recognized Developer Freak07 has already managed to compile and boot the mainline kernel release for the device duo.

      • Xen pvUSB Linux Driver Patches Updated, More Than 10 Years In The Making – Phoronix

        An effort recently restarted that originally dates back many years is the “pvUSB” front-end driver for Linux to allow physical USB devices to be used within Xen domains.

        Juergen Gross of SUSE has recently been working on this driver that dates back to the original pvUSB implementation for the Linux 2.6 kernel in 2008 by Fujitsu engineers.

        This year he has taken to getting that code cleaned up and working against the latest upstream state of the kernel and other basic changes. While Xen is not as popular as it once was, there still are users interested in seeing this USB device support for Xen para-virtualized use-cases.

      • Linux Driver For Arm China’s Zhouyi AI Accelerator Proposed, But Lacks Open User-Space – Phoronix

        The Zhouyi AI accelerator was developed by Arm China and is found in some SoCs so far. An open-source Linux kernel driver is being worked on for it but unfortunately for now at least any mainline ambitions are immediately stalled over the lack of an open-source user-space/client.

        A Baidu engineer posted a set of patches implementing the Zhouyi AI accelerator support in a new “zynpu” driver for the kernel. The more than five thousand lines of code provide this initial support. The Zhouyi AI accelerator is found in some Arm SoCs like the Allwinner R329.

      • Graphics Stack

        • Dave Airlie: video decode: crossing the streams

          I was interested in how much work a vaapi on top of vulkan video proof of concept would be.

          My main reason for being interested is actually video encoding, there is no good vulkan video encoding demo yet, and I’m not experienced enough in the area to write one, but I can hack stuff. I think it is probably easier to hack a vaapi encode to vulkan video encode than write a demo app myself.

          With that in mind I decided to see what decode would look like first. I talked to Mike B (most famous zink author) before he left for holidays, then I ignored everything he told me and wrote a super hack.

        • Airlie Exploring Possibility Of VA-API On Top Of Vulkan Video – Phoronix

          Well known open-source Linux graphics expert David Airlie of Red Hat has recently been working on early Vulkan Video support for Mesa’s Radeon “RADV” and Intel “ANV” drivers. As part of that effort and in part due to lack of software making use of Vulkan Video extensions right now, he has started exploring the feasibility of implementing the Video Acceleration API (VA-API) atop Vulkan Video.

          Airlie explained today that he has been investigating the possibility of VA-API on top of Vulkan Video, namely on the video encode side for not having any good software out there at the moment exercising the Vulkan Video encode extensions.

    • Benchmarks

      • Blender 3.0′s Cycles X Rendering Performance Is Looking Great

        A status update on Blender’s “Cycles X” project was published today ahead of the upcoming Blender 3.0 release and with already some feature additions planned for Blender 3.1.

        As we have come to expect, Cycles X with Blender 3.0 will yield big performance improvements over Blender 2.93 when running on NVIDIA GPUs with their proprietary stack. NVIDIA GPU support with Blender remains the best option for the moment and is enjoying significant uplift with the Blender 3.0 code.

    • Applications

      • Best Free and Open Source Alternatives to Adobe XD

        We are long-standing admirers of Adobe’s products. They develop many high quality proprietary programs. It’s true there are security and privacy concerns in relation to some of their products. And there’s considerable criticism attached to their pricing practices. But the real issue is Adobe Creative Cloud does not support Linux. And there’s no prospect of support forthcoming.

        What if you are looking to move away from Adobe and embark on a new world of online freedom, where you are not tracked, monetised and attached to Adobe’s ecosystem. We only recommend free and open source alternatives. Our recommended software don’t necessarily replicate every feature of their Adobe counterparts but they offer sufficient functionality for many tasks.

      • 5 open source alternatives to Microsoft Exchange

        For decades, Microsoft Exchange has ruled the market for email and groupware services. This top dog dominates the corporate world, and the omnipresent Outlook mail client has become the de facto standard for groupware. Since Exchange is closely integrated with Microsoft’s Office products, users have access to a wide variety of productivity software and features, whether they’re using a desktop or a mobile client.

        However, many companies have concerns about storing their data in the Microsoft cloud. In this article, I look at some open source alternatives and their advantages. It’s not just about becoming vendor-independent and reducing costs; it’s about using software with open standards and a different level of security—for the groupware server itself and the operating system behind it.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How To Install Xrdp Server on Debian 11 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Xrdp Server on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, Xrdp is an open-source implementation of the Microsoft Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) that allows you to control a remote system graphically. Using Xrdp, you can log in to a remote machine same as Microsoft Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP).

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the Xrdp server on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

      • How To Install and Use Pigz To Compress Files Faster in Linux

        Using a compression tool is not a new thing to talk about. Since you’re using a Linux distribution, you probably already know a lot of kinds of stuff about compressing files. Mostly, in server-level works, you might need to make files smaller or change the file type. On that occasion, using a compression tool might really help to save time. In the world of compression, the Pigz tool is a handy and easy-to-use compression tool for Linux. It’s easy to install and use the Pigz tool in all major Linux distributions.

      • Failed to open directory on Kali Linux Virtualbox – blackMORE Ops

        I added E:\Kali_Shared to my Kali Linux Virtualbox image and then tried to open it within Kali Linux. Received an Failed to open directory error. This seems to be a common problem with different versions of Linux running in Virtualbox where you get Virtualbox shared folder permissions denied error message.

      • How To Run A Command After The Previous One Has Finished On Linux – Linux Uprising Blog

        This article explains how to run a command after the previous command has finished running. Using this, you can run not just 2 commands, but any number of commands, after the previous one has finished. This will work with Sh, Bash, Zsh and other shells.

        You can run a command after the previous one has finished, depending on the previous command’s exit status (if it failed or not) or regardless of this.

      • How to Install and Use acme.sh script to get free SSL Certificates on Linux – VITUX

        There are some popular methods of generating SSL and TLS certificates in Linux. One of the most popular methods of issuing SSL certificates is Let’s encrypt which is a certificate authority that offers free SSL certificates. There is an even easier way to issue the certificate which does not require any dependencies and requirements. The acme.sh script written in Shell makes it easy to generate and install SSL certificates in Linux systems. In this article, we will learn how to install the acme.sh script in the Linux system and how to use it to generate and install SSL certificates.

      • How to unhide menu bar in Virtualbox – blackMORE Ops

        So I went in and hid the top menu bar and bottom status bar in Virtualbox. After they disappeared, now I cannot find out how to unhide those. Took me a little bit time to figure out, hence this post so that I don’t forget it and someone else having the same to unhide menu bar in Virtualbox can find this.

      • How to apply a chroma key using ImageMagick

        Yesterday, I wrote a short post on the fediverse with an overview of how to take a screenshot of an app with a context menu showing in elementary OS, while keeping its alpha channel and drop shadow using Krita.

      • Useful Tmux Configuration Examples

        This article is part 2 of my tmux series. In the previous article, you learned how to use tmux: what tmux is, how to manage multiple terminals, and how to use tmux’s powerful features. However, in that article, I didn’t cover much how to customize tmux. This is what this article is for. Here you’ll learn some configurations that I use.

        My hope is that by exposing a list of my personal tmux configurations and my reasoning behind them, you will see a general pattern and understand it enough to make tmux your own.

      • Beginners

        Here’s the final recap. In this guide, we learned about tmux session, window, pane, and server. We learned about their relationships with each other. We also learned a little about configuring tmux. In the next article, you will learn more about configuring tmux in detail. I will update this guide with the link to the next article when it is ready.

      • Install Zentyal and Add Windows to Primary Domain Controller

        This series will be titled Preparation for the setting up and managing Zentyal as PDC (Primary Domain Controller) through Parts 1-14 and covers the following topics.

      • How to Access Command History on Linux

        With a large and mature feature set, it’s easy to see why Bash is the default shell on many Linux distributions. It faces competition for power users, however, from alternatives such as Zsh.

      • Setting up an NFS Server and Client on Debian 9 (Stretch)

        This guide explains how to set up an NFS server and an NFS client on Debian 9. NFS stands for Network File System; through NFS, a client can access (read, write) a remote share on an NFS server as if it was on the local hard disk. In this Tutorial, I will show you two different NFS exports, the export of a client directory that stores files as user nobody/nogroup without preserving filesystem permissions and a export of the /var/www directory which preserves permissions and ownership of files, as required on a hosting server setup.

      • How to Install balenaEtcher on Debian 11 Bullseye – LinuxCapable

        balenaEtcher is a free and open-source flashing utility tool famous for writing image files such as .iso and .img files and zipped folders onto storage media to create live SD cards and USB flash drives. balenaEtcher has cross-platform support on Linux, BSD, macOS, and Windows and is developed by balena and licensed under Apache License 2.0.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install baelnaEtcher on Debian 11 Bullseye and how to create a Linux distribution boot disk.

      • How to create an EC2 Instance using Python Boto3

        In this article we will see how we can create an EC2 instance using Python Boto3. We will use the “create_instances” method to create an instance. There are many more methods that come under EC2 instance service, to know about them visit the official page of Boto3 here. All these different methods help create different resources which come under EC2 Service of AWS.

      • How to install Mysql Server 8 on Debian 11 – Citizix

        MySQL is an open-source relational database management system. Its one of the popular relational management system.

        Mysql is commonly installed as part of the popular LAMP or LEMP (Linux, Apache/Nginx, MySQL/MariaDB, PHP/Python/Perl) stack. It implements the relational model and Structured Query Language (SQL) to manage and query data.

        In this guide we are going to install mysql 8 on Debian 11.

      • How to install Toontown Rewritten 1.3.0 on a Chromebook

        Today we are looking at how to install Toontown Rewritten on a Chromebook. Please follow the video/audio guide as a tutorial where we explain the process step by step and use the commands below.

      • How to install and set up Jenkins in Debian 11

        In this Guide we are going to learn how to install and configure Jenkins in a Debian 11 Server.

        Jenkins is a popular opensource automation tool to perform continuous integration and build automation. Jenkins allows to execute a predefined list of steps, e.g. to compile golang source code to build build binary file. The trigger for this execution can be time or event based.

      • How to play Roblox on Linux

        Roblox is officially supported on a wide range of platforms, but Linux is missing from that list. Though it doesn’t have official support, you can still play Roblox on Linux.

        It takes effort to get Roblox running on Linux. But it isn’t impossible. The trick is to use the Wine compatibility layer. This will allow Windows programs to run on Linux like Roblox Player and Studio.

      • Analyzing Webserver logs with Logstalgia – LinuxTechLab

        There are many tools available to analyze the web server logs but none is as interesting as logstalgia. Logstalgia is a real-time website visualization tool that analyzes the web server logs & presents them in a manner that server logs appear like they are playing ping-pong.

        Requests appear as colored balls (the same color as the host) which travel across the screen to arrive at the requested location. Successful requests a

      • dust command in Linux – Unixcop the Unix / Linux the admins deams

        Hello, friends. In this post, we will help you with another great little utility for our terminal. Today you will learn how to use the dust command in Linux. This command allows us to have a more advanced view of the disk size of system directories.

      • Merge changes with git diff and patch | Enable Sysadmin

        Sysadmins modify lots of files. Sometimes they’re code. Other times they’re configuration files, YAML playbooks, XML, policy documents, kickstart files, and probably a few takeaway lunch orders, too. It’s important to track what you’ve changed and share your changes with others who may need to adjust their local copies of files.

    • Games

      • VR-exclusive Warhammer Age of Sigmar: Tempestfall is out, works on Linux with Proton | GamingOnLinux

        Ready to sweat a little? Jump into the bleak fantasy world of the VR-exclusive Warhammer Age of Sigmar: Tempestfall. Note: key provided for us.

        A new release from Carbon Studio, in Warhammer Age of Sigmar: Tempestfall you carry the mighty powers of a Lord-Arcanum to deliver justice through the Realm of Death. Defy the odds in challenging battles, outsmart the dark forces, and grow your power by upgrading your magical weapons to gain an edge in combat.

        Played on Linux with the Steam Play Proton compatibility layer, it’s mostly smooth Warhammer melee action. Currently with Proton Experimental (Proton GE did not work at all) the main issue is small videos not loading, like the tutorial videos but it doesn’t really detract from the overall experience, thankfully as the developer also explains with text below each video. As with any newer game running through Proton, there was some stuttering while building up a shader cache too, hopefully as more people play it this will be less of an issue for Linux VR gamers since there will be shaders to download from Steam.

      • The Imperium Is Driven by Hate. Warhammer Is Not.

        There are no goodies in the Warhammer 40,000 universe.

        None.

        Especially not the Imperium of Man.

      • Diving Into China’s Draconian Video Game Regulations

        Even if you’re against these particular regulations (what are you, in favor of fun, you monster?), there are plenty of times when China’s gaming laws make more sense than ours. For instance, banning games that are entirely about simulated sexual assault, or calling out tech and gaming companies for infringing on users’ rights and preventing them from building monopolies.

    • Distributions

      • Deepin 20.3 Brings in Linux Kernel 5.15 LTS With a New Screen Capture Mode

        Deepin is one of the most beautiful Linux distributions out there. It may not be a popular choice for regular users considering it a resource-intensive distribution, but it offers a good user experience.

        With the latest Deepin 20.3 release, they have added the latest Linux Kernel 5.15 LTS as an upgrade option and some improvements.

        [...]

        In addition to that, you get some progress in it for Apple M1 and Intel’s upcoming discrete graphics. You can explore more about the changes/improvements that come with Linux Kernel 5.15 LTS in our original coverage.

        It is worth noting that the default remains Linux Kernel 5.10 LTS. So, you will have to explicitly select the latest kernel while installing Deepin Linux.

      • SUSE/OpenSUSE

        • MicroOS Expands Security With Keylime

          Recently MicroOS gained some new options in relation with security. The distribution has now integrated Keylime, an open source project for doing remote attestation with TPMs.

          If you follow the news about Windows 11, you are aware of what is a TPM. The Trusted Platform Module (TPM) is a cryptoprocessor, described by the Trusted Computing Group (TCG) in a specification that has been standardized in a ISO/IEC document. You can find the TPM already soldered in the mainboard of your computer, but they can also be found as a service in the firmware, or inside your CPU.

          This co-processor can be used for many tasks related with security. For example, we can use it to generate symmetric and asymmetric keys, encrypt some memory blocks (not too big, as they are a bit slow), or to as storage for keys that can be used only for us (or applications that have permissions).

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • IT hiring: 5 ways to attract talent amidst the Great Resignation

          With IT job opportunities so competitive right now, professionals are leaving their roles more quickly than recent grads are able to fill them. But even on small teams, it is possible to compete with big players and attract and hire top talent.

          These days, employees are prioritizing flexibility. Having proven that they are just as productive (if not more) working from home, many folks are unwilling to go back to in-person full-time. Building out flexible work policies, focusing on upskilling, and offering competitive benefits should be a part of your plan to create a work environment tailored to the 2021 employee.

          But how do you get the right candidates in the door? Here are five ways to attract top talent that might also land your organization on the Best Places to Work list!

        • Normalize web services with Camel K and AtlasMap, Part 1

          This two-part series walks through a simple way to normalize and connect services through Camel K, a part of the Apache Camel project. The scenario in this article addresses a common problem today: Organizations find themselves with a menagerie of different services using different APIs, perhaps because of partnerships or acquisitions.

          Apache Camel makes it easy to harmonize and normalize the APIs, and its Camel K extension brings Apache Camel’s operations to Kubernetes, allowing containers to expose these endpoints.

          In this article, we will focus on the benefits of choosing this framework and provide an overview of our base integration flow using Camel K to normalize a backend API. Part 2 will show you how to implement the integration flow step-by-step. We’ll also cover how to simplify data mapping with AtlasMap.

        • Change deployments on the fly in OpenShift 4.8 | Red Hat Developer

          Red Hat OpenShift 4.8 introduces a very valuable—and possibly very dangerous—new feature: The ability to use a form-based editor to edit deployments. In earlier versions of OpenShift, you could edit the YAML for a Deployment object. In OpenShift 4.8, you can now do the same thing with a fill-in-the-blanks form, so you don’t need to know the proper YAML formatting for values, lists, and dictionaries. The form can also prompt you with existing values where appropriate.

          Keep reading to learn why the new form-based editor is both an exciting feature and a double-edged sword.

        • Amazon Linux 2022 Launched, Completely Re-based with Fedora

          Amazon Linux 2022 to be based upon Fedora Linux and available via AWS AMIs. We wrap up the announcement and express our views about this change in terms of FOSS ecosystem.

        • Amazon’s Own Linux Distribution is Now Completely Based on Fedora

          In case you did not know already, Amazon has its own general purpose Linux distribution, unsurprisingly called Amazon Linux.

          It is intended to be used on AWS servers. When you are deploying a server, you have the choice to use Amazon Linux along with other popular choices of Ubuntu, Debian etc. Since it is from Amazon, there is no licensing fee and Amazon controls on repositories and packages. You can expect a tight integration with AWS tools and access to new AWS innovations with Amazon Linux.

          Amazon Linux 2022 (AL2022) in the next release in the line of Amazon Linux 1 and 2 and it will be released in 2022 (you can guess that from the version number).

        • Helvum and EasyEffects: Two great applications for PipeWire users

          For a piece of software infrastructure, nothing is more important than good applications to showcase it’s features and demonstrate the possibilities it enables. Fortunately there is a very large body of existing applications because PipeWire implemented the PulseAudio and Jack APIs. This article highlights some of the great efforts undertaken in the community around creating interesting applications for PipeWire in an interview with the maintainers of two of the most popular applications built with PipeWire. They are Wellington Wallace, maintainer of EasyEffects for PipeWire and Tom Wagner, maintainer of the Helvum patchbay application for PipeWire.

        • Rebasing Fedora Silverblue to Kinoite

          Some time ago I was thinking if it’s possible to rebase my ostree system from one to another and how difficult this is. After some thinking I decided to try it by rebasing Fedora 35 Silverblue on my gaming machine to Fedora 35 Kinoite. In this post I will write what I did and what difficulties I had along the road.

        • Will Thompson: On Flatpak disk usage and deduplication

          There is a blog post doing the rounds asserting that Flatpak Is Not The Future. The post is really long, and it seems unlikely that I and the author will ever agree on this topic, so I’m only going to talk about a couple of paragraphs about disk usage and sharing of runtimes between apps which caught my eye. This is highly relevant to my day job because all apps on Endless OS are Flatpaks—for example, the English downloadable version has 58 Flatpak apps pre-installed, and 13 runtimes—and I’ve had and answered some of the same questions discussed in the post.

        • Flatpak Is Not the Future

          Flatpak calls itself “the future of application distribution”. I am not a fan. I’m going to outline here some of the technical, security and usability problems with Flatpak and others. I’ll try to avoid addressing “fixable” problems (like theming) and instead focus on fundamental problems inherent in their design. I aim to convince you that these are not the future of desktop Linux apps.

    • Devices/Embedded

      • Fairphone: Pioneering the path to circularity

        The “circular economy”, a concept that is becoming more and more prominent in the current Zeitgeist. In short, it’s an economic system aimed at eliminating waste and facilitating the continual use of resources. A world in which we are genuinely circular is one where materials can be used, recycled and reused to their fullest extent.

        There’s a catch, of course: for most materials, it’s quite unlikely that recycling alone will be able to meet humanity’s growing demands for them, at least in the coming decades. In addition, recycling also causes waste and we lose a notable amount of materials during the process. While globally we are recycling more, there are barriers.

        On the journey towards a circular economy, it is critical to assess opportunities and acknowledge the limitations. Developing a mutual understanding of the needs and requirements will ultimately drive the preservation of resources and promote longevity. This is where the KPN-led initiative of the product circularity report comes in.

        [...]

        Now that the Fairphone 3 has been analyzed and the insights discussed, the parties involved are looking back to evaluate the lessons learned and share insights from diving into product circularity.

      • What is embedded Linux? Part I

        The above is an excerpt from Linus Torvalds’ original announcement of what came to be known worldwide as the Linux operating system (OS), dated August 1991. In hindsight, it is inconceivably modest now that we are in a much better position to appreciate the full revolutionary extent of his post. Today, more than 96.4% of the top 1 million server applications run on Linux [2]. Across public clouds, 90% of the workloads use Linux as their OS, with Ubuntu being the most popular Linux distro [3], [4]. Despite debuting as a general-purpose operating system (GPOS) for x86-based hardware, Linux moved beyond web servers and has seen widespread adoption for embedded systems ever since.

        This two-part blog series aims to provide the reader with a broad overview of topics spanning the world of Linux, embedded systems and the Internet of Things (IoT) in general. In part I of this blog series, we’ll start by taking a look at the embedded ecosystem, followed by an explanation of Linux’s role in it, and will conclude by explaining the rationale behind the OS growing popularity in embedded systems. In part II, we’ll focus on the most pressing challenges facing enterprises today within the embedded space. Let’s get started.

      • A 100 Mhz 6502 CPU | Blathering – CubicleNate’s Techpad

        I am not an expert in… well… anything, but I am I am continually impressed by the work done by so many in the world, especially in the “retro tech” world. I read this post by Jürgen Müller on his personal site concerning his project of an FPGA based 100 Mhz 6502 CPU. Just reading the title, my thoughts went in numerous directions about the amazing possibilities

        Using FPGA to emulate vintage computer hardware, let along the 6502 CPU is not new but packaging it on a small board the size of a 40-pin dual inline package hasn’t been done before. The work of Jürgen Müller is an extension on the work of others. This project is packaged on a Spartan-6 FPGA with 64 Kbyte on-chip RAM, mounted on a small circuit board and coined the 65F02. It has the ability to access the external bus on the host system with the correct timing. The FPGA CPU core runs at 100 MHZ where the idea is to make this a “universal” accelerator for 6502 and 65C02 based computers that only requires plugging it into the CPU socket.

        This won’t work with all computers based on this architecture and there are some limitations. More complex systems like the Commodore 64 with bank switching also provide some challenges as the extended memory cannot be run at the accelerated rate. The expansion boards and bank switching need to be known and emulated by the 65F02. While it makes an effort to detect and access the time-critical peripheral devices there are likely to be incompatible software and and-on hardware. Also, not all software should be accelerated, like video games as they are tied closely to the original systems timings.

      • OWC launches Mercury Elite Pro mini USB-C storage drive for Mac, Windows, and Linux [Ed: There’s NO connection to “LINUX” (as usual) and I’m guessing that it’s a sponsored ‘article’ that Brian Fagioli is being compelled to make, discrediting BetaNews and himself ahead of Black Friday SPAM festival. Meanwhile, CNX is selling out again, shilling Microsoft malware as as “Sponsored Post”. Not the first time; even worse sellout than previous similar examples from the same site…]

        Today, OWC launches its latest portable storage drive. Called “Mercury Elite Pro mini,” this elegant storage solution has a USB-C port and ships with both a USB-C cable and USB-A adapter. In other words, it can be used with any modern computer — whether it has a USB Type-C port or not. In fact, the company says the drive is compatible with Mac, Windows, and Linux-based operating systems, including Android and Chrome OS.

      • AMD Ryzen V1000/R1000 Mini-ITX board is made for game arcades, slot machines – CNX Software

        Axiomtek GMB140 is a compact Mini-ITX motherboard powered by AMD Ryzen Embedded V1000/R1000 processor and mostly designed for gaming applications, as well as medical imaging, interactive kiosks, control rooms, and video surveillance.

        But when we’re not talking about your kids playing games at home here, but instead slot machines, arcade systems, and electronic gaming machines (EGM) powered by the GMB140 board with a PCIe interface for gaming I/O modules, and optional support for a 9-bit serial port for the SAS 6.02 protocol.

      • Open Hardware/Modding

        • Introducing the Arduino UNO Mini Limited Edition: Pre-orders now open

          The iconic Arduino board is back, in the shape of the UNO Mini Limited Edition. Pre-orders have just gone live, so don’t dawdle if you want to get your hands on this stunning piece of Arduino history.

        • Arrow launches PSA Certified PSoC 64 IoT Security Workshop Development Kit – CNX Software

          In 2019, we wrote that Cypress PSoC 64 microcontrollers for Secure IoT applications was one of the first microcontrollers compliant with Arm’s Platform Security Architecture (PSA) designed to secure the Internet of Things.

          Arrow has now launched the PSoC 64 IoT Security Workshop Development Kit, its first PSA Certified platform, which happens to be based on Cypress PSoC 64, and developed in collaboration with Infineon who purchased Cypress Semiconductor last year.

        • Live Jam Kit Helps Electronic Musicians Stay In Sync | Hackaday

          Jamming live with synths and drum machines can be fun, but for [Christian], there was a little something missing. He was looking for a way to keep everyone in the group on the beat and rocking out, and decided to build something to help.

          The ethos of the build was to put one person ultimately in charge of the mix using Ableton. This stops the volume race, as each musician turns their own volume up and the jam devolves into a noisy mess. Each musician also gets a sync button they can hit if their instrument has drifted out of time. Everyone in the jam also gets their own monitor signal in their headphones, as well as a looper as well.

        • Young people can name a piece of space history with Astro Pi Mission Zero
      • Mobile Systems/Mobile Applications

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • The syslog-ng Insider 2021-11: 3.35; SSB; MacOS; mqtt() destination updates;

        This is the 96th issue of syslog-ng Insider, a monthly newsletter that brings you syslog-ng-related news.

        [...]

        Syslog-ng 3.34: MQTT destination with TLS and WebSocket support

        Version 3.33 of syslog-ng arrived with basic MQTT support. Version 3.34 has added many important features to it: user authentication, TLS support and WebSocket support. These features give you both security and flexibility while sending log messages to an MQTT broker. This blog helps you to make your first steps securing your MQTT connection.

      • My philosophy for productive instant messaging

        We use Internet Relay Chat (IRC) extensively at sourcehut for real-time group chats and one-on-one messaging. The IRC protocol is quite familiar to hackers, who have been using it since the late 80’s. As chat rooms have become more and more popular among teams of both hackers and non-hackers in recent years, I would like to offer a few bites of greybeard wisdom to those trying to figure out how to effectively use instant messaging for their own work.

        For me, IRC is a vital communication tool, but many users of <insert current instant messaging software fad here>1 find it frustrating, often to the point of resenting the fact that they have to use it at all. Endlessly catching up on discussions they missed, having their workflow interrupted by unexpected messages, searching for important information sequestered away in a discussion which happened weeks ago… it can be overwhelming and ultimately reduce your productivity and well-being. Why does it work for me, but not for them? To find out, let me explain how I think about and use IRC.

        The most important trait to consider when using IM software is that it is ephemeral, and must be treated as such. You should not “catch up” on discussions that you missed, and should not expect others to do so, either. Any important information from a chat room discussion must be moved to a more permanent medium, such as an email to a mailing list,2 a ticket filed in a bug tracker, or a page updated on a wiki. One very productive use of IRC for me is holding a discussion to hash out the details of an issue, then writing up a summary up for a mailing list thread where the matter is discussed in more depth.

        I don’t treat discussions on IRC as actionable until they are shifted to another mode of discussion. On many occasions, I have discussed an issue with someone on IRC, and once the unknowns are narrowed down and confirmed to be actionable, ask them to follow-up with an email or a bug report. If the task never leaves IRC, it also never gets done. Many invalid or duplicate tasks are filtered out by this approach, and those which do get mode-shifted often have more detail than they otherwise might, which improves the signal-to-noise ratio on my bug trackers and mailing lists.

      • Web Browsers

        • Mozilla

          • 4 ways Mozilla could fix its Firefox problem

            The open-source app is one of the better browsers on the market but has been hemorrhaging market share for years. As of today, Firefox only has 3.66% of the web browser market share. If I were to guess, the majority of those users are on Linux.

            That figure alone should tell you how much trouble Firefox is in. We’re talking “Danger, Will Robinson”-level trouble. A 3% market share is hard to bounce back from. So with Firefox so dangerously close to complete irrelevancy, what can Mozilla do to recover?

            I have a few suggestions. Four, to be exact.

      • FSFE

        • Public Money? Public Code! Spanish Brochure

          Thanks to the support and hard work of our volunteers, our Public Money? Public Code! brochure is now available in Spanish. In this event we will explore the already implemented good practices, but also the challenges that lie ahead to modernise the public digital infrastructure with public code in Spain. The event will be held in Spanish.

          In the framework of our Public Money? Public Code! initiative we demand that software developed by the public sector with publicly funded money should be available to the public under a Free Software license. To support these demands, we provide an exhaustive brochure which is dedicated to public bodies and serves as an instrument to address decision-makers to inform them about the advantages of Free Software. Thanks to that it has become easier to convince them of modernising public digital infrastructure with public code.

      • Programming/Development

        • PHP Foundation formed to fund core developers, vows to pay ‘market salaries’

          The trigger for this initiative appears to be the decision of Nikita Popov, a significant PHP contributor, to focus mainly on LLVM in future. Popov, currently a software developer at JetBrains working on the PhpStorm IDE, will be leaving the company from 1 December, according to a post by product marketing manager Roman Pronskiy, which also introduces the new foundation.

        • The New Life of PHP – The PHP Foundation

          During PHP’s 26-year history, the language has been actively developed by a huge number of people, such as Rasmus Lerdorf, Zeev Suraski, Andi Gutmans, Nikita Popov, and many, many others. In 2021, PHP is in for another round of evolution.

          [...]

          The PHP Foundation will be a non-profit organization whose mission is to ensure the long life and prosperity of the PHP language.

        • [Old] Avoiding Busses

          It’s always been the case that there are certain parts of PHP source code that only a few people understand. The Karma system used to help us determine where a contributor could commit code in the source tree; If you had /Zend karma, you had a clue about Zend. Among those people with /Zend karma, some people understood more than others.

          This was a perfectly sustainable way of developing the language, because while /Zend is complicated, it’s written in a language that everybody working on a C project understands. In principle, we can take people who know a little C and turn them into a /Zend karma worthy workhorse for PHP, able to produce patches, and fixes, and features. Indeed, we have done, and are still doing that in the incubator that is Stackoverflow chat.

          Many moons have passed … What do you think the bus factor of PHP is today ?

        • Why Now Is the Time to Get a Job in Tech

          Now is a great time to get started with a career in tech. The recent Great Resignation and corresponding churn in the job market means many organizations are looking to hire workers immediately. According to the recent Job Openings and Labor Turnover (JOLTS) report, 4.4 million Americans left their jobs in September, and there are now 10.4 million job openings, which passes pre-pandemic levels.

        • Python

          • Dynatrace : OneAgent release notes version 1.229

            Starting with Dynatrace version 1.231, the Extension Framework (also referred to as the plugins framework) will start using Python 3.8. The Python 3.6 component will be replaced by Python 3.8.

  • Leftovers

    • The Radical World of Chicago’s Black Comic Artists

      It’s Life as I See It, a recent anthology of work by Chicago-based Black comic artists from 1940 to 1980, takes its name from a cartoon by Charles Johnson, which shows a Black artist standing with an older white man in front of a large canvas. The canvas is painted black and surrounded by a thick white border. In the caption, the artist informs the other man that the painting is life as he sees it.

    • Ridley Scott Blames His Latest Movie Bombing At The Box Office On Facebook And Millennials, Rather Than Pandemic And Poor Marketing

      I will admit that, until this morning, I had never heard of Ridley Scott’s movie The Last Duel. It was released this fall in theaters only, which is a bold move while we’re still dealing with a raging pandemic in which most people still don’t want to go sit in a movie theater. And so, the box office results for the movie were somewhat weak. Indeed, it’s now Scott’s worst performing movie at the box office.

    • In the Interest of Mezcal

      Some old mezcaleros can still harvest a big agave, or maguey in a matter of minutes. They have such strength.

      They’re the voice of the earth when they speak, nature itself when they see you, and when they say nothing they’re the silence of the fields.

    • A Final Word or Two From the Wise Old Philosopher

      A professor of history and faculty affiliate in the philosophy department at Harvard University, Peter Gordon is dazzled by Jurgen Habermas’s “brilliant and highly illuminating history of philosophy that spans the millennia, Achsenzeit to the modern era.” Famous philosophers like to toss in some German words: achsenzeit means Axial Age (think Axial Age, think Karl Jaspers). The first big insight Gordon offers us is that the famous philosopher aims to “self-consciously vindicate postmetaphysical thinking as the telos of our spiritual history.” Postmetaphysical thinking has to do with moving beyond “absolute knowing” onto a horizontal plane of partiality and fragmented forms of knowing.

      Basically, during the Axial Age (800-300 BCE) some break-through thinkers (like Isaiah or Buddha) oriented us toward a “new, transcendent principle (God, Logos, Nirvana) that was the telos of human life. We might say, then, that they all had in common a certain affirmation of metaphysics.” The idea of history having (or carrying an inherent purpose (or direction) is immensely controversial in theological and philosophical thought. For strong-minded secularists, teleological thinking reeks of Christian ideas of a providential God working out his purposes in history behind our backs. Secularists do not like the idea of providence; and they sense that a philosopher like Kant sneaks a “weak form of providence” into his writings.

    • Science

      • A Giant Hole In The Sun Is Throwing Out Charged Particles Towards Earth

        According to SpaceWeather.com, this could cause some minor geomagnetic unrest in the planet’s magnetosphere. To the uninitiated, the plasma that it spews consists of free-flowing electrons and protons. They originate from the Sun’s outermost layer, that’s capable of reaching temperatures up to 1.1 million degrees celsius.

        While the geomagnetic unrest won’t really cause massive solar storms that could knock out our electronics, it is expected to put on a show for people residing at the poles, resulting in beautiful auroras.

    • Education

      • School Sued for Denying Equal Education to Students with Disabilities – Validated Independent News

        “Pittsburg Unified has a separate, unequal and illegal system of education for students of color and those with disabilities,” said Linnea Nelson, senior staff attorney for the ACLU of Northern California, quoted in Ed Source. The lawsuit is based on the 2018-19 California Department of Education’s district report on Pittsburg Unified showing that students with disabilities in the district are five times as likely to be suspended for disrupting school activities as disabled students from other schools throughout the state. They are also more likely to be chronically absent, with a 22% absentee rate compared to 19.5% nationally. Superintendent of the district Janet Schultze claimed that the lawsuit overlooks the progress that has been made in the district over the years in closing achievement gaps, but the ACLU lawsuit claims that the district has not yet adopted a sufficient number of initiatives to combat achievement gaps.

      • Nikole Hannah-Jones: Anti-History Laws Are Right’s Attempt to Control Our Memory
      • COVID-19’s Negative Impact on Higher Education Institutions and Faculty Salaries – Validated Independent News

        Even though COVID-19 brought about billions of dollars in relief funding, according to the American Association of University Professors (AAUP), “cuts are looming large because state revenues are projected to fall by as much as $200 billion by the end of the 2020-21 fiscal year, according to projections by the Urban Institute.”

      • Colleges are walking away from remote education – and that’s a good thing

        Indeed, research on human learning consistently finds that the social context of learning is critical, and the emotions involved in effective human relations play an essential role in learning. Think of a teacher who had a great impact on you – the one who made you excited, interested, intrigued, and motivated to learn. Was this teacher a calm and cool transmitter of facts, or a person who was passionate about the subject and excited to talk about it? And how did this teacher relate to you? Were you an empty container into which information was poured, or a person whose thinking and enthusiastic responses were valued and important?

    • Hardware

      • Observing A Plant’s Vascular System With X-Ray Video | Hackaday

        [Ben Krasnow] has a knack for showing us what’s inside of things while they’re moving. This week’s Applied Science experiment has him making time-lapse X-ray videos of things. This plant’s vascular system is just one of a few examples, the others being a dial clock and the zoom lens on a DSLR.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • Opinion | It’s International Food Workers Week—Support Organizing That Centers Those Who Feed Us

        Every year, the Food Chain Workers Alliance marks International Food Workers Week in November. As peoples’ thoughts turn to holiday feasts, it’s a time to recognize the labor that people working from field to factory contribute to feeding the world. What started as an awareness campaign in 2012 by organized food and farmworkers leveraging end-of-year holidays around the need to raise the minimum wage and improve working conditions from farm to table, the campaign has become more relevant than ever in 2021.

      • Homeless Students Uniquely Challenged by COVID-19 Pandemic – Validated Independent News

        According to a November 2020 report produced by Poverty Solutions, based at the University of Michigan, and SchoolHouse Connection, a Washington, D.C. homeless advocacy organization, estimates that 423,164 students who were identified as homeless in 2019 “may not be in school at all, or receiving basic needs and educational supports.” While the identification and enrollment of homeless students is down, in fact the number of children and youth experiencing homelessness has likely increased due to the economic crisis, according to the report.

      • COVID-19 Risks Heightened by Rundown Facilities at Disadvantaged Schools – Validated Independent News

        As Becky Pringle, the president of the National Education Association (NEA), told Truthout,  “The pandemic has caused America to see what educators have seen forever.” The lack of funding for school  infrastructure disproportionately impacts students of color.

      • As Poll Finds Most US Voters Support Insulin Price Cap, Senators Push Inclusion in Build Back Better Act

        As a new survey published Tuesday showed overwhelming support among American voters for capping the cost of insulin at $35 per month, progressive U.S. lawmakers underscored what they insisted is the Senate’s imperative to include a provision allowing Medicare to negotiate lower drug prices in its version of the Build Back Better budget reconciliation bill.

        The Data for Progress poll found that 87% of all respondents—including 94% of self-described Democrats, 84% of Independents, and 82% of Republicans—”strongly” or “somewhat” favor the insulin price cap.

      • WHO Covid-19 Test Deal With Spain Shows ‘Path to a Better World’ With Vaccine-Sharing

        Public health experts and justice campaigners worldwide celebrated after a United Nations agency revealed Tuesday that a Spanish research institution struck a deal on “the first transparent, global, nonexclusive licence for a Covid-19 technology,” a model that could be replicated for various tests, treatments, and vaccines to help end the pandemic.

        “This licence is a testament to what we can achieve when putting people at the center of our global and multilateral efforts.”

      • Why Moderna Refuses to Share Rights to the COVID-19 Vaccine With the Government That Paid for Its Development

        I teach drug regulation and patent law at Saint Louis University’s Center for Health Law Studies.

        Moderna recently offered to share ownership of its main patent with the government to resolve the dispute. Whether or not this is enough to satisfy the government’s claims, I believe the dispute points to serious problems in the ways U.S. companies bring drugs and vaccines to market.

      • DOJ Files Emergency Brief Asking Court to Unblock COVID Vaccine Work Rules
      • ‘Stop the Carnage’: Biden Urged to Fight Big Pharma’s Vaccine Greed at Key WTO Meeting

        A coalition of civil society organizations and progressive U.S. lawmakers gathered Tuesday to send President Joe Biden an urgent message ahead of the World Trade Organization’s Ministerial Conference next week: Ensure adoption of a patent waiver for Covid-19 vaccines or risk prolonging the global pandemic indefinitely.

        “Presence of the virus anywhere is a threat to people everywhere.”

      • ‘Once We’re Gone, We’re Not Coming Back’

        “There’s enough labor for four people but not enough income for one,” his father, Jeff, said.

        Like most farmers, Jeff sells his cattle, corn and soybeans at prices set by a global commodities market, but only large farms can absorb the narrow profit margins.

        Though the family’s small farm is valuable — its 880 acres are assessed at $1.3 million — property taxes eat up most of the money it does make.

      • Expanded benefits for vets exposed to burn pits coming, but for some it’s too late

        “I knew that deploying could cost me my life,” Thomas, now 41, told ABC News. “I didn’t think it would be like this.”

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • MediaTek to make chips for ARM-based Windows PCs: Report

          For those unaware, MediaTek already has a presence in the segment of computers. It offers low-end and entry-level chips for Chromebooks

          “Apple has shown the world that it can be done. The Wintel partnership that’s gone on for so long has to be under some pressure, and when there’s pressure, there’s an opportunity for companies like ours,” XDADevelopers quoted Eric Fisher, Vice President of Corporate Sales and Business development as saying.

        • Security

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • NSO Made Millions Selling Phone Hacking Tools To The Princes And Kings Of The United Arab Emirates

              NSO Group can’t get a break. Too bad. It really doesn’t deserve one. The inability of the Israeli exploit purveyor to escape this endlessly negative news cycle is entirely its own fault. And each passing day seems to uncover something new and nasty about the tech company, which has built its business by seemingly selling to whoever wants to buy, no matter how morally repugnant.

            • Apple Sues Israel’s NSO Group in Effort to Protect iPhone Users From Pegasus Spyware

              Apple on Tuesday sued NSO Group, accusing the Israeli company—widely criticized for selling surveillance technology to repressive governments around the globe—of infecting targeted iPhones with Pegasus spyware, which has been used to crack down on dissidents and journalists.

              In its lawsuit, the U.S. tech giant accused the Israeli surveillance company of violating its terms and conditions as well as U.S. federal and state laws.

            • South Korean Gov’t Gave Millions Of Facial Photos Collected At Airports To Private Companies

              Facial recognition systems are becoming an expected feature in airports. Often installed under the assumption that collecting the biometric data of millions of non-terrorist travelers will prevent more terrorism, the systems are just becoming another bullet point on the list of travel inconveniences.

            • Apple Sues Israeli Spyware Maker, Seeking to Block Its Access to iPhones

              The lawsuit is the second of its kind — Facebook sued the NSO Group in 2019 for targeting its WhatsApp users — and represents another consequential move by a private company to curb invasive spyware by governments and the companies that provide their spy tools.

              Apple, for the first time, seeks to hold NSO accountable for what it says was the surveillance and targeting of Apple users. Apple also wants to permanently prevent NSO from using any Apple software, services or devices, a move that could render the company’s Pegasus spyware product worthless, given that its core business is to give NSO’s government clients full access to a target’s iPhone or Android smartphone.

            • Moscow tells 13 mostly U.S. tech firms they must set up in Russia by 2022

              The demand, from state communications regulator Roskomnadzor late on Monday, gave few details of what exactly the companies were required to do and targeted some firms that already have Russian offices.

            • #PrivacyofThePeople: Society and community management apps

              In the latest post in our #PrivacyOfThePeople series, we look at the privacy implications of the society and community management applications that resident associations are increasingly adopting in Tier 1 and Tier 2 cities across India. We analyse the user rights from harm and consent-based frameworks, and how the upcoming data protection law may protect users.

            • Confidentiality

              • [Old] The Joy of Cryptography

                This book assumes knowledge of basic discrete math concepts; a quick review of these topics is provided in Chapter 0. Readers may also benefit from some familiarity with data structures, algorithms, and theoretical computer science.

                Sorry, there are no solutions available for the exercises.

                All the sensible textbook titles were already taken. Actual joy not guaranteed.

                This book is licensed under Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 4.0. You must give attribution to the author, must not use this book for commercial purposes, and must distribute derivative works under the same license.

              • [Old] A Cryptographic Compendium

                This site contains a brief outline of the various types of cipher systems that have been used historically, and tries to relate them to each other while avoiding a lot of mathematics.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • Opinion | Go Ahead, Take Their Guns. The US Would Be a Less Dangerous Place

        Expect the gun control debate in America to really get hot over the next 12 months as Beto O’Rourke runs for governor of Texas. O’Rourke said, when running for president in 2019, “Hell yes, we’re going to take your AR-15, your AK-47!”

      • Empire Can’t be Fixed, It Must be Dismantled

        “Some people feel that ending the war in Vietnam and driving Nixon from office created a momentum for change.”  But these were only “marginal victories. The structural determinants of another imperial war, and for another effort to consolidate total power, remain essentially as strong as ever. A massive and centralized empire absorbs such setbacks . . . as a sponge absorbs water.”[1]

        Indeed, Reagan’s covert 1980s Central America wars came just a few years later.  Then Iraq, Kosovo, Afghanistan, back to Iraq. Along with many smaller engagements and a spread of special operations and drone warfare across a vast swathe of the globe. Meanwhile, the 9-11 attacks, blowback from Middle Eastern wars, have built up a foreign and domestic surveillance state Nixon only imagined. (He did, in the form of the Huston Plan, which played into his impeachment.)

      • Opinion | Jogging in Broad Daylight Should Not Be a Death Sentence

        On Monday, closing arguments began in the trial of the three white Georgia men who shot down Ahmaud Arbery, a 25-year-old Black man for the apparent crime of jogging while Black.

      • Ahmaud Arbery is Responsible for His Own Death

        Ahmaud Arbery is an African American resident of the extended neighborhood, and he likes to run.

        The father son McMichael team  are a former cop and former coast guard ensign; they are white, they carry guns, spend much time viewing security recordings, and consider themselves to be the neighborhood’s armed guardians.

      • Subpoenas for Roger Stone, Alex Jones Expose Bizarre Underbelly of Jan. 6 Attack
      • Is China Really a Threat? Noam Chomsky Slams Biden For Increasingly Provocative Actions in Region

        We feature an excerpt from our recent interview with world-renowned scholar and political dissident Noam Chomsky about how the Biden administration is continuing a reckless foreign policy, despite taking a softer tone than the Trump administration. “The trajectory is not optimistic,” Chomsky says. “The worst case is the increasing provocative actions towards China. That’s very dangerous.” Chomsky will join us on our 25th anniversary online celebration on the evening of December 7.

      • Octogenarian Egyptian thinker jailed for saying Islam spread by conquest

        Maher claimed in many of his speeches, writings, and TV appearances, that the early Islamic conquests were “military invasions”, and called on Egypt’s top Islamic institution – Al-Azhar – to apologise on behalf of the Prophet Muhammad’s companions who led the raids.

        According to Maher, those “invasions aimed to enslave women rather than spread Islam” around the world.

      • ISIS using TikTok to recruit young suicide bombers in bid to carry out Christmas attacks

        The account used to spread the ISIS videos has been operating for 18 months which has been watched thousands of times.

      • Liverpool bomber ‘reverted to Islam’ in months before attack

        Associates are believed to have told detectives that Al Swealmeen, 32, an Iraqi asylum seeker, had since returned to Islam, although sources said that was “not a motive for an attack”. Counterterrorism police are yet to find evidence of an ideology that motivated him.

      • Jan. 6 Organizers Used Anonymous ‘Burner Phones’ to Communicate with White House and Trump Family, Sources Say

        The three sources said Kylie Kremer took one of the phones and used it to communicate with top White House and Trump campaign officials, including Eric Trump, the president’s second-oldest son, who leads the family’s real-estate business; Lara Trump, Eric’s wife and a former senior Trump campaign consultant; Mark Meadows, the former White House chief of staff; and Katrina Pierson, a Trump surrogate and campaign consultant.

      • [ISIS] is stealing thousands of sheep in Syria to finance terror cells

        The jihadi group is engaged in an ‘easy and lucrative’ smuggling operation as it looks to other sources of finance beyond the oil that once funded its self-proclaimed caliphate.

        Cells in Hama and areas bordering Raqqa and Aleppo are said to be carrying out widespread black market operations after Isis lost its territorial stranglehold in 2019.

        Sheep stolen from locals are being sold at live cattle markets by fighters posing as shepherds, either in northern regions controlled by the Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), which is backed by the US, further south in regime-held Syria or across the border in Iraq.

      • In Ethiopia, Facebook allowed posts inciting violence to go viral for years. The company’s response is both dismissive and ineffective. | Media Matters for America

        Facebook’s lax approach to content moderation has resulted in the incitement of violence and the spread of hate speech in Ethiopia — despite the company designating the nation “at risk” and repeatedly proposing to create resources for proper content moderation. Now, the company continues to placate its users by having high-level officials give vague statements and make empty promises while demonstrating minimal actual progress.

        Ethiopia — with approximately 110 million people and over 11 million Facebook users — has been in a state of civil unrest for almost a year. In 2018, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed came to power and was initially praised for promoting civil liberties, including releasing political prisoners and lifting restrictions on media. However, long-simmering political tensions quickly returned between government forces and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front, which was in power prior to Ahmed’s election, eventually leading to violence.

        The fighting since then has displaced over 1.7 million people in the Tigray region, and the United Nations aid chief warned in October that hundreds of thousands there now face famine. Though human rights groups have found both sides to be responsible for atrocities, the United Nations refugee agency, UNHCR, reported that government forces have committed massacres of ethnic Tigrayans and weaponized sexual assault against thousands of women. Now, the United States government is reportedly considering labeling the actions by Ahmed’s government as a genocide.

    • Transparency/Investigative Reporting

      • Lots Of Big Media Companies Had Access To The Facebook Files; Only Gizmodo Decided To Put In The Work To Make Them Public

        Over the last month or so, you’ve probably heard a lot about the Facebook Files or the Facebook Papers, which are the documents shared by former Facebook employee and whistleblower Frances Haugen with the media, starting with the Wall Street Journal, and then a rather reluctant “consortium” of seventeen big name US-based news organizations. The reluctance was apparent in the name of the Slack group created for all of the reporters working on the project: “Apparently We’re A Consortium Now.”

    • Environment

      • Before the Storm: How Do You Know When to Go?
      • Chamber of Commerce Lobbying on Climate Investing ‘At Odds’ With Member Stances, Says Report

        As the impacts of a changing climate rapidly intensify worldwide, the climate crisis is also hitting businesses and the financial sector where it hurts: the wallet.

        That’s part of the reason that so-called ESG funds, which promise to emphasize environmental, social, and governance issues in making investment decisions, have become one of the fastest growing sectors in the financial world. By some estimates, nearly a third of the world’s assets under management could be held in ESG investments within a few years.

      • Gerrymandering is a climate problem

        “Redistricting happens every 10 years, following the decennial census,” said Adam Podowitz-Thomas, senior legal strategist at the Princeton Gerrymandering Project. The goal is straightforward: As populations rise and fall over time in different parts of the country, political boundaries need to shift as well to ensure roughly equal representation per number of residents. But too often, the process devolves into a partisan power grab, with Democrats and Republicans both engaging in gerrymandering.

        The term gerrymandering dates from 1812, when then-Massachusetts governor Elbridge Gerry signed a bill approving wildly distorted maps drawn to benefit his party. One of the new districts was said to resemble a salamander – or, as one contemporary wit described it, a “Gerry-mander.”

      • Schools’ Infrastructure in Crisis as Climate Changes – Validated Independent News

        The Hechinger Report delves into several Alaskan school districts where failing school infrastructure prevents community members from being safe in an extreme weather event. According to data from a March 2021 produced by the University of Alaska Anchorage’s Institute of Social and Economic Research, Alaska spends roughly a third of the recommended amounts to properly maintain and expand its school facilities. Kachemak Selo, a village on the Kenai Peninsula closed its high school for several weeks in December 2020, “because it was raining in the building”(Kevin Lyon, Kenai Peninsula Borough School District director). About 170 miles from Kachemak Selo on the Kenai Peninsula rests the town of Seward. Seward is a beautiful, rural town that is ribboned by the Kenai Fjords, glacier flows from the Kenai mountains. The constant glacial outpours make Seward a “pretty hazardous place to live” according to Stephanie Presley, program lead for the Seward-Bear Creek Flood Service Area. These dangers extend to Seward’s public schools. Recent Seward High School graduate Selma Casagranda said of Seward’s schools “There’s just a lot of stuff that goes unfixed, and if something were to happen, I don’t know what we would do.” Alaska is not the only state in America that needs substantial infrastructure funding.

      • Energy

        • Hoping to Lower Pain at the Pump, White House Says It’s Opening Oil Reserves
        • Right-Wing Group Uses ‘B.S.’ Environmental Justice Argument in Effort to Keep an Oil Pipeline Alive

          A right-wing group that has a history of receiving funding from conservative foundations and ExxonMobil is trying to frame the state of Michigan’s attempts to shut down the aging Line 5 oil pipeline as an assault on the Black community. 

          That industry-backed spin has not gone down well with Michigan activists. “I think that’s B.S. I think it’s phoney baloney,” Theresa Landrum, a community activist in Detroit, told DeSmog. “The Black community is not benefiting. We have been suffering all along.”

        • The World Bank Can’t be Trusted to Stand Up to Big Fossil Fuel Companies
        • Explained: What is El Salvador’s Bitcoin city?

          Bukele’s administration is counting on Bitcoin to spur the country’s economic growth, and investment, assuming that Bitcoin price remains on an overall upward trajectory. Here we explain Bukele’s plan for a Bitcoin city.

        • Govt plans bill to ban private cryptocurrency, allow RBI digital coin

          The government will move a bill to frame rules for cryptocurrencies aimed at prohibiting private coin while providing a framework for the creation of an official digital currency to be issued by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).

          The bill is listed among 26 items of legislation for consideration in the winter session of parliament, according to a bulletin issued by the Lok Sabha on Tuesday. The crypto industry is hopeful there won’t be a complete ban on cryptocurrencies.

        • India announces bill to ban cryptocurrencies

          Between 15 and 100 million people in Asia’s third-largest economy are estimated to own cryptocurrencies, with total holdings in the billions of dollars.

          Their investments will now face an uncertain future.

          India’s central bank announced in June that it is working to introduce its own digital currency by the end of the year, while warning it has “serious concerns” about private cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Ethereum and others.

        • Harvard and Yale Should Do More Than Just Divest

          But our work at Harvard and Yale, and across higher education, is far from over. As world leaders fail repeatedly to deliver necessary climate action, the importance of divestment and strategies that center direct action over conventional bureaucratic politics has never been greater. Yet our universities’ responsibility doesn’t end with their hard-won promises to make their endowments fossil-free. We need meaningful follow-through on their commitments, on a timeline that reflects the urgency climate science and justice demand. And we need our universities to sever their toxic ties to the fossil fuel industry in research and programming, as well as use their outsize endowments to accelerate a just fossil-free economy that invests in frontline communities for generations to come.

      • Wildlife/Nature

        • The Dreaded Rainforest Shift

          Studies of the Amazon Rainforest over the past decade have shown telltale signals of an impending shift from a carbon sink of heat-trapping gases to a source of greenhouse gases. It’s a dangerous shift that will destabilize the atmosphere of the entire planet. Alas, the dreaded shift has been confirmed via a laborious ten-year airborne detailed study.

          The study shows the eastern Amazon rainforest has become a significant source of carbon emissions, competing with cars, trains, planes, and power plants. This travesty is officially confirmed via hundreds of aircraft vertical profiling measurements of the air above the rainforest over a period of nearly one decade. (Source: Amazonia As A Carbon Source Linked to Deforestation and Climate Change, Nature, July 14, 2021)

    • Finance

      • Warren, Sanders Request 8 Million Student Loan Borrowers Be Moved Out of Default
      • Warren, Sanders, and Baldwin: Investors ‘Made Off Like Bandits’ at Expense of Striking Alabama Miners

        As Alabama miners continue their seven-month strike against Warrior Met Coal, a trio of U.S. senators on Tuesday sent letters of inquiry to the private equity firms the lawmakers say “made off like bandits” after taking over the company while workers “endured severe cuts to pay and benefits” in order to ensure its success.

        “We have long been concerned that some private equity firms pursue strategies that extract value from portfolio companies at the expense of workers and communities.”

      • “Skimpflation”: the Latest Attempt to Hype Inflation Fears

        I had mixed feelings on hearing this report. On the positive side, I had made arguments like this a quarter century ago, when the party line (the views of the elites in both political parties) was that that the official CPI overstated inflation.

        The issue then was that there was a concerted effort to cut Social Security benefits. There is an annual cost-of-living adjustment (COLA) for Social Security that is tied to the CPI. The goal at the time was to reduce this COLA so that the government paid out less in Social Security.

      • The Real Cost of a Hamburger

        Unfortunately, assessing the real price of a hamburger is difficult because much of the overhead is hidden from view or simply ignored. Most people do not see the pain of the animals as they are branded, castrated, and slaughtered. Nor are most people fully aware of the multiple hormones and chemicals dumped into feed or directly injected into the animals. Nor have they considered how these high rates of hormone and chemical use may pose risks for humans through the creation of resistant germs and bacteria. While there is a growing awareness of the health costs – including high rates of heart attack, colon cancer, and high blood pressure, resulting from a heavy meat diet – even the best assessments of the health risks are far from complete.

        But these costs, while real and significant, pale by comparison to the ecological cost of livestock production. There is no other single human activity that has degraded and destroyed more of the American landscape and perhaps the global landscape as well as our love affair with the cow and the meat-dominated diet.

      • The Establishment Panic at Cryptocurrency

        Leaving aside matters of inspiration, much the same can be said of Hillary Clinton, failed US presidential candidate, tenured alarmist grump, ever worried about inroads being made into establishment power by rogue elements keen to snatch the crown of power.  One of them, in her mind, is the threat posed by cryptocurrency.

        During a panel discussion at the Bloomberg New Economy Forum in Singapore, she made the following commentworth quoting in full: “One more area I hope nation-states start paying greater attention to is the rise of cryptocurrency because what looks like a very interesting and somewhat exotic effort to literally mine new coins in order to trade with them has the potential for undermining currencies, for undermining the role of the dollar as the reserve currency, for destabilising nations, perhaps starting with small ones but going much larger.”

      • What China Learned From U.S. Capitalism’s Development

        Chinese leaders have learned, implicitly or explicitly, from how U.S. capitalism lost those capacities. Thus, China organized both its employer-employee relationships and its international linkages differently. By doing so, the Chinese economy is ascending while that of the United States is descending. The process is, of course, uneven; the differences between the United States and China vary. But the general pattern and direction remain the same: China up and the United States down.

        From 1820 to the 1970s, U.S. capitalism employed a fast-growing number of workers and paid them a real wage that grew every decade until the 1970s. That remarkable performance enabled, validated, and combined with a culture that emphasized consumption (the positive) as the compensation for labor (the negative). The combination blunted the appeals of dissidents, radicals, socialists, and other critics of capitalism until the 1930s. Productivity grew across the 150 years even faster than real wages and boosted profits rapidly. The United States outperformed other capitalisms in both the profits accruing to the employer class and the real wages flowing to the employee class.

      • Five Crises of Capitalism: The Challenges Facing the Left Today

        There are several interacting crises in this new epoch. The Bible had only four horsemen of the apocalypse—Pestilence, War, Famine, and Death. Today, we have five. The first is the global economic crisis. The Great Recession of 2008 ended the long neoliberal boom, which began in the early 1980s, triggering what David McNally calls a “global slump” and Michael Roberts calls a “long depression.”

      • Voters From Both Parties Overwhelmingly Want Biden to Crack Down on Corporate Crime

        Although President Joe Biden’s domestic agenda has been hobbled to some degree by unified Republican obstruction as well as opposition from several right-wing Democrats, he still has the executive authority to challenge corporate abuses—and new survey data released Tuesday shows that an overwhelming majority of U.S. voters, regardless of political affiliation, want his administration to do just that by aggressively enforcing existing laws.

        “A Biden administration that pursues crooked CEOs and brings down abusive corporate titans will find a willing audience in the American public.”

      • ‘Now, Let’s Take This Nationwide’: Biden Raises Minimum Wage for All Federal Contract Workers to $15

        Chair of the Congressional Progressive Caucus Pramila Jayapal celebrated Monday’s announcement from the U.S. Labor Department that all federal contract workers will be paid at least $15 per hour starting in January, but also took the opportunity to argue that should be the wage floor should for all U.S. workers.

        “Great news,” tweeted Jayapal in response to the news. “Now, let’s take this nationwide and give over 30 million workers a much-needed and well-deserved raise.”

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • Trump-Allied Lawyers Ordered to Pay $187,000 in Fees for Their Election Lawsuit
      • Amid GOP Attacks, UN Expert Warns of Near ‘Tyranny’ Against Voting Rights of US Minorities

        After completing an extended visit to explore the current state of U.S. society and democracy, a United Nations expert on Monday blasted near “tyranny” against the voting rights of minorities nationwide.

        “The patchwork of constitutional and civil rights in the country are not sufficiently protecting those most in need of protection.”

      • Ocasio-Cortez Leads Campaign to Add Immigration Reform Back Into Reconciliation
      • California Progressives to Feinstein: Support Nixing Filibuster for Voting Rights—or Resign

        Dozens of grassroots advocacy groups representing more than 150,000 Californians demanded Tuesday that Sen. Dianne Feinstein step down if she’s unwilling to support—at the very least—a voting rights carve-out for the filibuster, an archaic Senate rule that Republicans have used to tank several pro-democracy bills in recent weeks.

        In a letter to Feinstein, more than 65 progressive organizations including Indivisible East Bay and the Poor People’s Campaign warned that the GOP’s aggressive voter suppression efforts and redistricting schemes nationwide mean that “we are headed toward permanent minority rule over much of the country and therefore over Congress and the presidency—a minority rule which will make a mockery of the idea that citizens have the right to determine how they are governed.”

      • The Excommunication of Liz Cheney

        When neoconservatism was still the favored faith of elites in the Republican Party, Liz Cheney was a high priestess. She worshiped at the altar of defense budgets and surveillance schemes. She preached a gospel of tax cuts for the rich, giveaways for corporations, and austerity for the masses. Intensely ambitious and always on message, she rose rapidly in the ranks of the party that extended from her father’s reign as the initiator of forever wars.

      • Socialists Secure Massive Victory in Venezuelan Elections
      • Venezuela’s socialists win elections in landslide – so US tries to discredit them
      • Opinion | Inflated Excuses: Centrists Continue to Find Excuses to Stall Progress

        The potential landmark progressive legislation Build Back Better Bill came one step closer to becoming a reality last week. The House passed the close to $2 trillion compromise version of the bill which still includes sweeping initiatives to combat climate change and strengthen the nation’s economic and social safety net. Hailing its passage, President Biden declared that the bill was “fiscally responsible” and “Above all, it puts us back on the path to build our economy back better than before by rebuilding the backbone of America: working people and the middle class.”

      • Breaking News: AOC’s District Has Opinions

        The residents of New York Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez’s district, like all New Yorkers, love to argue. No one can agree which Colombian bakery has the best empanadas. Given that the district is in both the Bronx and Queens, it is home to both Mets and Yankees fans.The state’s 14th congressional district is well-known for its diversity. It’s the type of place where you might find a Bangladeshi woman in full body covering selling Korans next to a sex worker. Everyone has their differences, but for the most part people get along.

      • Corporate Media’s Portrayal of Generational Divide Is So Cheugy

        Millennials, you’re not young and cool anymore. Gen Z thinks your skinny jeans are basic, your side-parted hair is dorky and your choice of the laughing/crying emoji is embarrassing. Moreover, they’ll take sick days for period cramps, ask higher-ups to take on projects and ask if your organization celebrates Juneteenth.

      • ‘What Hypocrisy’: Right-Wing Dems Quiet as Military Budget Far Exceeds Cost of Biden’s Agenda

        Right-wing Democrats who have spent the past several months griping about the cost of the Build Back Better Act—and lopping roughly $2 trillion off the bill’s top line—are facing growing pushback from progressive lawmakers and analysts as Congress gets ready to approve a military budget that’s far more expensive on an annual basis.

        Stephen Semler, co-founder of the Security Policy Reform Institute, estimated Monday that projected U.S military budgets over the next decade will cost roughly $8.31 trillion—double the combined price tag of the Biden administration’s big-ticket agenda items, which include the $1.9 trillion American Rescue Plan, the $550 billion bipartisan infrastructure law, and the $1.75 trillion reconciliation package.

      • Opinion | Pramila Jayapal Wins Down Payment on Social Progress

        Rep. Pramila Jayapal has never made any bones about the fact that her vision for economic transformation goes far beyond President Biden’s. As the chair of the Congressional Progressive Caucus, she’s been a leading champion of Medicare for All, a pathway to citizenship for undocumented immigrants, a wealth tax, living wages and union rights for all workers, student debt cancellation, and many other policies left out of the president’s Build Back Better plan.

      • Uncertain future for Bissen data centre as Google increases investments in Belgium

        While Google’s data centre in Bissen seems to have stalled, a fourth centre has just been completed in Belgium, where a fifth is also planned and another plot of land has just been purchased.

        In recent years, major industrial projects have been the subject of intense discussion in Luxembourg. The possible construction of a Google data centre in Bissen was no exception. But does the American [Internet] giant still want to establish itself in Luxembourg? The question has been raised once more after Google announced major investments in Wallonia.

      • Democracy slipping away at record rate, warns IDEA

        A greater number of countries are sliding towards authoritarianism, while the number of established democracies under threat has never been so high, the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA) said on Monday.

      • As Gerrymanders Get Worse, Legal Options to Overturn Them Dwindle

        Voting-rights advocates are in a North Carolina state court in Raleigh this month, arguing in three lawsuits that Republican gerrymanders of the State Legislature and the state’s 14 seats in the House of Representatives are so extreme that they violate the state Constitution.

        Only two years ago, some of the same lawyers were arguing that remarkably similar Republican gerrymanders of the same legislature, drawn a decade ago, violated the same clauses of the constitution. That trial ended with a resounding verdict in their favor, but only after the gerrymandered maps were used for almost a decade.

        Winning those kinds of cases, however belatedly, now appears much more of a long shot. Experts say that even as gerrymanders become ever more egregious, the legal avenues to overturn them are becoming narrower.

      • Gerrymandering: How it’s being exposed and how it affects your state

        The gaming happens by drawing congressional and state legislative maps to politicians’ advantage. Republicans have benefited more in recent elections, and they’re off to a solid start this year as states draw new congressional district boundaries to account for the 2020 Census.

      • Bannon’s Plea
      • Five Reasons the Left Won in Venezuela

        For the first time in four years, every major opposition party in Venezuela participated in elections. For the fifth time in four years, the left won in a landslide. Voters elected 23 governors, 335 mayors, 253 state legislators, and 2,471 municipal councilors. The governing United Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV) won at least 19 of 23 governorships (one race remains too close to call) and the Caracas mayoralty in the November 21 “mega-elections.” Of the 335 mayoral races, the vote count has been completed in 322 of them, with PSUV and its coalition taking 205, opposition coalitions 96, and other parties 21. Over 70,000 candidates ran for these 3,082 offices, and 90% of the vote was counted and verified within hours of polls closing. Turnout was 42.2%, eleven points higher than last year’s parliamentary elections.

    • Misinformation/Disinformation

      • Twitter verified a fake account in the Norwegian government, but it’s not Twitter’s fault

        Norway’s Minister of Finance, Trygve Slagsvold Vedum, has never had a Twitter account. The report states that several fake accounts impersonating Vedum cropped up since he was elected into office this September, so much so that the Ministry of Finance sent out a tweet last month warning that the Minister of Finance doesn’t actually have an account. The translated tweet reads, “We want to inform that Minister of Finance Trygve Slagsvold Vedum does not have private Twitter. Accounts that appear in his name are therefore fake and will be reported.”

      • How Fake News on Facebook Helped Fuel a Border Crisis in Europe

        But social media, particularly Facebook, also have given Mr. Lukashenko a vital assist, as an unpredictable accelerant to the hopes and illusions of people who have fallen prey to the empty promises of profiteers and charlatans on the [Internet].

        Some were in it for money, promising to smuggle migrants across borders for hefty fees; some appeared to bask in the attention they received as online “influencers” for sharing information; others seemed motivated by a genuine desire to help people suffering. There has been no evidence to suggest a coordinated campaign by Mr. Lukashenko to target migrants with fake information online.

      • Farm laws: Fake social media profiles targeting Sikhs exposed

        A new report shared exclusively with the BBC ahead of its publication on Wednesday identified 80 accounts in the network, which have now been suspended because they were fake.

        The influence operation used accounts across Twitter, Facebook and Instagram to promote Hindu nationalism and pro-Indian government narratives.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • UN Human Rights Committee Criticizes Germany’s NetzDG for Letting Social Media Platforms Police Online Speech
      • Civil Rights Groups Denounce ‘Unlawful’ Book-Banning Effort by Texas GOP

        Two prominent national civil rights groups on Tuesday blasted efforts by Texas Gov. Greg Abbott and state Rep. Matt Krause—both Republicans—to compel school districts to censor hundreds of books, including many popular LGBTQ+, reproductive rights, and racial justice titles, following the passage of laws prohibiting the teaching of the racist history of the United States and banning transgender athletes from interscholastic athletics.

        “Students need materials and information created with them in mind, in which they can see their own identities and experiences reflected.”

      • How are the Authorities in Central Asia Trying to Control the Internet?

        Recently, the authorities of the Central Asian countries have been actively regulating online activities, adopting various laws that help them control the internet. How are things going with the freedom of the [Internet], with internet censorship in these countries?

      • From Myanmar to Sudan, autocratic regimes have weaponised [Internet] shutdowns. Time to fight back.

        Internet censorship is nearly as old as the internet itself. While much of the theorizing about the early internet viewed it as a free and open space for the exchange of new ideas, a number of governments had different ideas about its potential.

        While China is well-known for its sophisticated internet censorship apparatus, several governments across the Middle East and North Africa — including Tunisia, Saudi Arabia, and Syria—were early adopters of certain censorship tactics such as keyword filtering and DNS tampering. Similar to China, these countries targeted a range of content, including sites that offered information about human rights violations, sex, and certain religions, as well as those that encouraged political opposition.

        But in recent years, governments have taken the more decidedly extreme tactic of cutting off internet access entirely, depriving their citizens of a lifeline to the world…and each other, a tactic that Human Rights Watch has rightly called “collective punishment.”

      • Experts Warn Against Total Repeal of Section 230

        Communications experts say action by Congress to essentially gut Section 230 would not truly solve any problems with social media.

        Experts emphasized that it is not possible for platforms to remove from their site all content that people may believe to be dangerous. They argue that Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act, which shields platforms from legal liability with respect to what their users post, is necessary in at least some capacity.

      • How China’s Huawei technology is being used to censor news halfway across the world

        Such intrusions are hard to detect, but the 18 countries in the report acknowledge blocking – notifying users via their browsers that the content they are trying to access is restricted – making censorship a starting point for researchers to assess whether countries are using middleboxes to undermine human rights, according to Weber and Ververis.

        Glenn Schloss and Rob Manfredo of Huawei’s U.S. corporate communications team acknowledged CPJ’s request for an interview when the report was initially published, but did not subsequently respond to emailed questions.

        The interview with Weber and Ververis has been edited for length and clarity.

      • Olympolitik: Fake Peng Shuai Scandal Fuels US Effort to Boycott Beijing Olympics

        The New York Times reported on November 3 that Chinese tennis star Peng Shuai had published allegations of sexual assault against former Vice Premier of the People’s Republic of China Zhang Gaoli on the social media platform Weibo. Peng’s post was deleted within 24 hours. This led to a firestorm of speculation in U.S. corporate media about Shuai’s “safety” and whether the tennis star had gone missing. The hashtag #WhereisPengShuai went viral 10 days later after the CEO of the World Tennis Association (WTA), Steve Simon, called on Chinese authorities to investigate the situation. Prominent celebrities and tennis players such as Serena Williams also went public with their concern for Peng.

      • China Says Tennis Star Peng Shuai’s Case “Maliciously Hyped Up”

        Evidence of her claims have also been scrubbed from China’s highly censored [Internet].

      • China urges ‘certain people’ to stop ‘malicious hyping’ of tennis star Peng Shuai

        Amnesty International’s China researcher Alkan Akad also told Reuters the video call did little to ease fears over Peng’s wellbeing and that the IOC was entering “dangerous waters”.

      • Hollywood Warms to Saudi Arabia’s Money Again

        The major indicator of a change in temperature, however, is that Hollywood is now actively courting Saudi money once more. Both Desert Warrior and Kandahar are being financed and produced by MBC Studios, the production arm of regional broadcast giant MBC, which — following a major land grab of assets by Salman in 2018 — is now majority-owned by the Saudi government. Dollar figures weren’t revealed, but MBC Studios managing director Peter Smith told THR at the time that it was making a “substantial investment” in Kandahar.

      • Historic Bail for Nurses Charged with Blasphemy, Lawyer Says

        Usually those charged under Pakistan’s widely condemned blasphemy laws even with little or no evidence languish in jail for years until verdicts and appeals are exhausted. Nurse Mariam Lal and student nurse Nawish Arooj, arrested on April 9, received bail from a sessions court on Sept. 23, attorney Atif Jamil Paggan said.

      • Christian Sentenced to Death for ‘Blasphemy’ Acquitted

        The life prison sentence of Sajjad Masih Gill, 37, had been converted to the death penalty on March 10 under Islamist pressure. His attorney, Javed Sahotra, said that a two-judge division bench of the Lahore High Court on Oct. 26 acquitted Gill on grounds of insufficient evidence and ordered his release.

    • Freedom of Information/Freedom of the Press

      • Al-Shabaab Kill Somali Journalist Who Criticised Them on Radio

        This is the second death of a journalist in 2021, directly linked to Al-Shabaab. In March, the National Union of Somali Journalists (NUSOJ) said another reporter Jamal Farah Adan, a freelance Journalist whose radio programmes were also critical of Al-Shabaab and its operations was shot dead in Galmudug State, reports Aggrey Mutambo for The Nation.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • Baltimore Police Department Sued For Seizing Phones, Cash, And Jewelry From Crime Victims Recovering From Shootings

        It’s not enough that law enforcement can seize property if it pretends it must be linked to some criminal endeavor, even if the cops can’t be bothered to actually find any direct evidence of said criminal endeavor… or even bring charges against forfeiture victims. It’s not enough that almost anything can be seized when accompanied by criminal charges, which can lead to officers stripmining someone’s residence while serving warrants.

      • Georgia GOP Redraws Political Map as Senate Democrats Do Nothing
      • Opinion | It Turns Out We Are the Martians Sent to Destroy Earth With a Powerful and Deadly ‘Heat-Ray’

        Who knew that Martians, inside monstrous tripodal machines taller than many buildings, actually ululated, that they made eerily haunting “ulla, ulla, ulla, ulla” sounds? Well, let me tell you that they do—or rather did when they were devastating London.

      • Algorithmic Bias in Online Test-Monitoring Programs – Validated Independent News

        Proctorio operates as a browser plug-in that can detect whether a student’s gaze is directed at the camera, how often they look away from the screen, how much they type, as well as how often the student moves their mouse in comparison to the rate of activity to a class average. On the basis of these measures, the software calculates a “suspicion score” for each student, flagging students who deviate too much from the norms for possible acts of cheating.

      • The Acquittal of Kyle Rittenhouse: A Judicial Travesty

        On Friday, after four days of deliberations, a Kenosha jury returned a verdict of “not guilty on all counts” against Kyle Rittenhouse. Rittenhouse had been charged with wrongfully killing two people, wounding a third, and nearly striking a fourth with an AR-15 rifle during protests against police brutality in Kenosha, Wisconsin, on August 25 last year.

      • Kyle Rittenhouse Is Not the Enemy. He’s the Latest Product of the Outrage Industry

        The Kyle Rittenhouse furor is a fascinating illustration of how US politics has become mired in self-consuming tribalism. It shows how non-conversations, non-thinking now posture as serious political and social engagement. And it demonstrates once again the success of a practice beloved of elites the world over: offer bread and circuses to keep the masses from seeing the big picture and rising up.

      • The Counterrevolution of Kyle Rittenhouse

        Therefore the so-called populists are erasing the elimination of hierarchy by claiming we are all already equal. Such is the mentality of American institutions today which have systematically been taken over by the right. The fact that people advocate for equity rather than equality goes to show how far we’ve fallen. The Democrats remain willfully asleep at the wheel while Republicans obstruct democracy at every turn and as a result we are in the midst of a fifty-year counterrevolution according to Pascal Robert.

        The MAGA judge in the Rittenhouse case is one of many examples and we have to recognize the system is rigged and not worth saving. The judge said the victims of Rittenhouse couldn’t be called victims but only rioters or looters. In the postmodern world of Trumpism, a member of the jury is eliminated for expressing racial equality by saying “Black Lives Matter” while a white supremacist is allowed who says “All Lives Matter” because this is viewed as a racially neutral statement. I don’t care for Orwell’s anti-communism but this is the definition of Orwellian doublespeak. A similar standard is applied to teaching “both sides” of the Holocaust in schools. Indeed Donald Trump normalized the “good people on both sides” narrative.

      • How Unaccountable Institutions are Shaping Your Life

        Our only option is to turn up the pressure and keep fighting for our democracy.

      • Blockade on Critical Race Theory in Texas Public Schools – Validated Independent News

        As Bendery noted, the Texas law “goes a bit further than those of other states” by preventing students from participating in public policy advocacy as part of a civics or social studies class. The law’s language is written so broadly, Bendery reported, that it applies to students “engaging in the
        most basic of civic activities, such as communicating with their own elected officials about a particular topic.”

      • Nikole Hannah-Jones on “The 1619 Project,” Teaching Critical Race Theory & White Supremacy on Trial

        Amid a right-wing attack on teaching critical race theory, we speak in-depth with Pulitzer Prize–winning journalist Nikole Hannah-Jones, creator of the New York Times Magazine’s 1619 Project, which reframes U.S. history by marking the year when the first enslaved Africans arrived on Virginia soil as the foundational date for the United States. The project launched in 2019, and has been expanded into an anthology of 18 essays along with poems and short stories, even as several states have attempted to ban it from school curriculums. “We should all as Americans be deeply, deeply concerned about these anti-history laws because what they’re really trying to do is control our memory and to control our understanding of our country,” says Hannah-Jones. Hannah-Jones’s new book that she co-edited is out this month, titled “The 1619 Project: A New Origin Story,” along with an adaptation of the 1619 Project for children, “Born On The Water.” Hannah-Jones describes the role of her own teachers in opening her eyes beyond the usual curriculum that excluded the history she has now uplifted. She also discusses the trial of the murderers of Ahmaud Arbery, and how she felt when she won the Pulitzer Prize on the same day as one of her heroines, the formerly enslaved pioneering anti-lynching journalist, Ida B. Wells.

      • Judge Says NYPD Illegally Withheld Footage in Police Shootings

        A New York state judge ruled last week that the New York City Police Department illegally withheld body-worn footage in two police shootings, including the killing of Kawaski Trawick.

        The judge said at an October hearing in the case that the NYPD had been operating in “bad faith.”

      • A Patient in a Psychiatric Ward Was Seen on Video Possibly Being Sexually Assaulted. No One Reported It.

        A Chicago hospital with a history of patient-care violations didn’t tell police that a patient in its psychiatric unit may have been sexually assaulted by another patient, even though the incident was caught on surveillance video.

        Nor did the facility, Roseland Community Hospital on the far South Side, closely monitor the alleged attacker — identified in records as a 49-year-old man with a history of sexual violence and aggression — as it was supposed to do.

      • Opinion | Rittenhouse’s Acquittal Is an Endorsement of Critical Race Theory

        The acquittal of Kyle Rittenhouse is a powerful endorsement of critical race theory. We all know that no one is teaching critical race theory in the K-12 system. The current discussions of Critical Race Theory (CRT) are the result of a tried-and-true right-wing strategy to create weird forms of cathexis where they link the name of something obscure with things that bother people at their core, to create lightning rods by which to channel toxic energy through the bodies of their followers, in ways that bond people to their to their death cult.

      • Kevin Strickland exonerated after 42 years in Missouri prison

        A Missouri man wrongfully convicted of a triple murder in 1978 and imprisoned for more than 42 years has been exonerated and released.

        Kevin Strickland, 62, has maintained his innocence since his arrest at age 18. He was sentenced in June 1979.

      • Is the Four-Day Workweek Finally Within Our Grasp?

        Proponents of four-day weeks say the key is to rein in meetings. “You have better discipline around meetings. You’re a lot more thoughtful in how you use technology,” said Alex Soojung-Kim Pang, author of “Shorter,” a book about the four-day workweek. He also said that a shorter week requires workers to set aside time for focused work and refrain from email or other communications during that time.

        “To paraphrase William Gibson, the four-day week is already here for most companies,” said Mr. Pang, an organizational strategy consultant in Menlo Park, Calif. “It’s buried under a whole bunch of rubble of outmoded practices and bad meetings. Once you clear that stuff away, then it turns out the four-day week is well within your grasp.”

      • Afghans ‘marry off’ baby girls for dowries as starvation looms

        Child marriage has increased in tandem with soaring poverty since the Taliban seized power 100 days ago on August 15, with reports of destitute parents even promising baby girls for future marriage in exchange for dowries, women’s rights activists said.

        They predicted the rate of child marriage — which was prevalent even before the Taliban’s return — could nearly double in the coming months.

      • Couple Flogged Publicly for Extramarital Affair in Sharia-Compliant Indonesia

        Any moral offense, such as like homosexuality, gambling, drinking alcohol, closeness between people of the opposite gender if not related or married, or public display of affection is eligible to be tried under Sharia.

      • Afghanistan: Taliban unveil new rules banning women in TV dramas

        The Taliban seized power in Afghanistan in mid-August and many fear they are gradually imposing harsh restrictions.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • Techdirt Podcast Episode 306: Lessons From The First Internet Ages

        Earlier this month Mike participated in a content series and virtual symposium on Lessons From The First Internet Ages, hosted by the Knight Foundation, alongside several important figures from the history of the internet. On this week’s episode, the creators and curators of the event — John Sands, Mary Anne Franks, and Eric Goldman — to reflect on the writings and conversations from the event and the lessons to be learned.

      • FAA Blocks 5G Deployments Over Safety Concerns Despite No Actual Evidence Of Harm

        A few weeks back, both Verizon and AT&T announced they’d be pausing some aspects of their 5G deployments over FAA concerns that those deployments would create significant safety hazards. The problem: there’s absolutely no evidence that those safety concerns are legitimate.

    • Monopolies

      • EU Parliament Takes First Step Towards a Fair and Interoperable Market

        However, we didn’t like that the DMA proposals missed the mark from the end-user perspective, in particular the lack of interoperability obligations for platforms. The Commission met us half-way by introducing a real-time data portability mandate into the DMA, but it failed to go the full distance. Would it lead to a measurable behavioral change of Facebook if frustrated users could only benefit from data portability if they continued being signed up to Facebook’s terms of service? We doubt it.

        In today’s vote, the Internal Market Committee (IMCO) of the EU Parliament overwhelmingly agreed to preserve most of the proposed anti-monopoly rules and agreed on key changes of the Commission’s Proposal. We’ll analyze them in more details in the coming weeks, but some elements are striking. One is that the Committee opts for an extremely high threshold before platforms will be hit by the rules (market capitalization of at least €80bn) which means that only a few, mainly U.S based, firms would legally be presumed to act as gatekeepers and hold an entrenched and durable position in the internal market. Members of Parliament also agreed on incremental improvements on the ban of mixing data, added clarification on the limits of targeted ads, including substantial protection of minors, and introduced an ambitious dark patterns prohibition in the DMA’s anti-circumvention provision. It also added a prohibition on new acquisitions as a possible punishment for systematic non-compliance with the anti-monopoly rules.

        On interoperability, Members of Parliament followed the strong recommendation by EFF and other civil society groups to not settle for the low-hanging fruits of data portability and interoperability in ancillary services. Focusing on the elephant in the room – namely, messaging services and social networks – the DMA’s lead committee proposes key provisions that would allow any providers of “equivalent core platform services” to interconnect with the gatekeeper’s number independent interpersonal communication services (like messaging apps) or social network services upon their request and free of charge. To avoid discrimination, interconnection must be provided under objectively the same conditions and quality that are available or used by the gatekeeper, its subsidiaries, or its partners. The objective is a functional interaction with these services while guaranteeing a high level of security and data protection.

      • Copyrights

IRC Proceedings: Tuesday, November 23, 2021

Posted in IRC Logs at 2:28 am by Needs Sunlight

Also available via the Gemini protocol at:

Over HTTP:

HTML5 logs

HTML5 logs

#techrights log as HTML5

#boycottnovell log as HTML5

HTML5 logs

HTML5 logs

#boycottnovell-social log as HTML5

#techbytes log as HTML5

text logs

text logs

#techrights log as text

#boycottnovell log as text

text logs

text logs

#boycottnovell-social log as text

#techbytes log as text

Enter the IRC channels now


IPFS Mirrors

CID Description Object type
 QmYbL8AdiMk9yXwP8NqeCBcepy3zW75u9CDoTkbuQawJZQ IRC log for #boycottnovell
(full IRC log as HTML)
HTML5 logs
 QmfBQEQ11YCZpWbf3W85ikY84fcmHz4cGDEvncNVxiJndG IRC log for #boycottnovell
(full IRC log as plain/ASCII text)
text logs
 QmNYAMitd3dMA7aUcT6XDtPW7YAUcPycd9KxzigsEB7ftb IRC log for #boycottnovell-social
(full IRC log as HTML)
HTML5 logs
 Qme1QWum2wVE5afgBUpAs4j9rVQLXEW1tqJVZjkgfd1PCP IRC log for #boycottnovell-social
(full IRC log as plain/ASCII text)
text logs
 QmQfQgoZ5KpgSu7jpfb8MmthfATtXa23ZC52e1ea5thuwN IRC log for #techbytes
(full IRC log as HTML)
HTML5 logs
 QmcYWnfg7EZ4cQSCr7KcBQ4d9NtxwWb3R6rvT9k2KhxusW IRC log for #techbytes
(full IRC log as plain/ASCII text)
text logs
 QmPAVp2zzMvXWfyqJCK2qM8rCWeD8RNBwxk7NLWJU5Zdkg IRC log for #techrights
(full IRC log as HTML)
HTML5 logs
 Qma3mYpnJAqEMEYohzMqqXRE1Rh9ogf6KpwSqSxGqFgw3C IRC log for #techrights
(full IRC log as plain/ASCII text)
text logs

IPFS logo

Bulletin for Yesterday

Local copy | CID (IPFS): QmSWwJ7eRdx1kz73nTFtXRp2vF9nhTnV7sYYZVwuM6t9c5

11.23.21

Links 24/11/2021: Rust Crisis and Team UPC Still Faking ‘Progress’

Posted in News Roundup at 8:14 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • A Look at WordPress 5.9

        WordPress 5.9 is expected to be a ground-breaking release. It will introduce the next generation of themes with Twenty Twenty-Two joining the fun and over 30 theme blocks to build all parts of your site. In anticipation of the January 25th release, we hope you enjoy this sneak peek of 5.9.

        New design tools will allow you to create exactly what you want, from adding filters to all your images to fine-tuning the border radius on all your buttons. With WordPress 5.9 providing more design control along with streamlined access to patterns, you can easily change the entire look and feel of your site without switching themes.

      • Zenith: Like Htop But With Zoomable Graphs? – Invidious

        It’s been a while since we last looked at an htop clone but there’s shortage of them, this is zenith is like htop but also with zoomable graphs. At the time of recording the Github made no indication of the GPU graph only being available on Nvidia cards, I recorded this about 2 months ago and in that time nothing major has changed.

      • Linux Command-Line Tips & Tricks: Over 15 Examples! – Invidious

        The number of command combinations you can come up with on the Linux command-line is seemingly endless, and there are some real gems out there that you might not know about. In this video, Jay goes over some of his favorite command combos, time-saving tricks, and other various tips he wish he learned sooner.

    • Kernel Space

      • Linux Prepares For Next-Gen AMD CPUs With Up To 12 CCDs – Phoronix

        The latest Linux kernel patches confirm that next-gen AMD Zen processors are capable of featuring up to twelve CCDs.

        Currently the k10temp Linux driver for temperature monitoring of AMD processors can handle up to eight core-complex dies (CCDs) while next-gen AMD Zen processors will have configurations up to 12 CCDs to accommodate higher core counts.

        The latest Linux patches explicitly say, “The newer AMD Family 19h Models 10h-1Fh and A0h-AFh can support up to 12 CCDs. Update the driver to read up to 12 CCDs.”

      • Graphics Stack

        • Vulkan 1.2.200 Released With Two New Extensions – Phoronix

          Out today is Vulkan 1.2.200 as the newest spec revision to the Vulkan graphics/compute API.

          With Vulkan 1.2.200 is the usual assortment of clarifications and corrections to this leading cross-platform graphics API. But besides that usual documentation churn, there are also two new extensions: VK_ARM_rasterization_order_attachment_access and VK_EXT_depth_clip_control.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to install Python 3.11 on Fedora 35 – NextGenTips

        In this tutorial, we are going to learn how to install Python 3.11 on Fedora 35.

        Python programming language is an interpreted high-level general-purpose programming language. Its design philosophy emphasizes code readability with its use of significant code indentation.

        We can begin by installing a python 3 interpreter on our system. This is a program that reads Python programs and carries out their instructions, you need it before you can begin python programming.

      • How to install and configure MongoDB 5 on Ubuntu 20.04

        In this guide we are going to learn how to install MongoDB 5.0 Community Edition on an Ubuntu 20.04 server.

        MongoDB is a cross-platform document-oriented NoSQL database program that uses JSON-like documents with optional schemas. MongoDB is developed by MongoDB Inc. and licensed under the Server Side Public License.

        MongoDB was built for people building internet and business applications who need to evolve quickly and scale elegantly. Companies and development teams of all sizes use MongoDB for a wide variety of reasons.

        Instead of storing data in tables of rows or columns like SQL databases, each record in a MongoDB database is a document described in BSON, a binary representation of the data. Applications can then retrieve this information in a JSON format.

      • How to install and set up Jenkins in FreeBSD 13

        In this Guide we are going to learn how to install and configure Jenkins in a FreeBSD 13 Server.

        Jenkins is a popular opensource automation tool to perform continuous integration and build automation. Jenkins allows to execute a predefined list of steps, e.g. to compile golang source code to build build binary file. The trigger for this execution can be time or event based.

      • How to watermark a UTF-8 plain text file

        Watermarking plain text isn’t easy. Plain text files don’t have headers (or magic numbers), and although you can insert invisible control characters, those characters may get revealed by text editors and word processors.

      • How To Install Wireguard on Debian 11 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Wireguard on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, Wireguard is one of the well-known and a great open-source VPN solutions. Wireguard aims for better performance and more power than IPsec and OpenVPN. Wireguard protocol passes traffic over UDP.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the Wireguard VPN server on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

      • How to play Fable Anniversary on Linux

        Fable Anniversary is a remaster for Fable: The Lost Chapters by Lion Head Studios and Microsoft Game Studios. The remake was released on Steam in 2014, and there is no plan for a Linux release. However, with a few tweaks, you can get the game working on Linux.

      • How to install the Elementary OS desktop on Arch Linux

        Elementary OS is a great operating system with a beautiful desktop environment. Unfortunately, Elementary OS’s desktop is attached to Ubuntu. While Ubuntu is a decent operating system, it’s not as versatile as Arch Linux.

        If you love Arch Linux and want to use the Elementary OS desktop environment, you can. The Pantheon desktop is now in the official Arch Linux repos and can be installed. Here’s how to get it working on your system.

      • Really lossy compression of JPEG

        Suppose you have a tool that archives images, or scientific data, and it has a test suite. It would be good to collect sample files for the test suite, but they are often so big one can’t really bloat the repository with them.

        But does the test suite need everything that is in those files? Not necesarily. For example, if one’s testing code that reads EXIF metadata, one doesn’t care about what is in the image.

        That technique works extemely well. I can take GRIB files that are several megabytes in size, zero out their data payload, and get nice 1Kb samples for the test suite.

      • LibreOffice Releases User Guides for Impress and Calc 7.2 – FOSS Force

        LibreOffice, the open source office productivity suite, announced on Tuesday the release of new user guides for two components of LibreOffice 7.2.

        Available now for free download are Impress Guide 7.2, for the suite’s slide presentation component (similar to PowerPoint), and Calc Guide 7.2, for LibreOffice’s spreadsheet component. A guide is already available for LibreOffice Writer 7.2, as well as a 7.2 Getting Started guide.

        These are remarkably complete guides, with the smallest (Impress) weighing in at 372 pages and the largest (Calc) containing 547 pages.

      • Jolla/Sailfish OS: Developing our Developer Docs

        From a technical perspective Jolla has for a long time operated a three-pillar strategy; those pillars being Sailfish OS, Android App Support and our Developer Offering. If you watched Sami’s recent presentation at the ten year celebrations in Berlin, you’ll have seen the last of these highlighted as one of our unique assets: a “World-Class Developer Experience”.

      • How to install Balena Etcher on Debian 11 Bullseye – Linux Shout

        Tutorial to install and run Balena Etcher on Debian 11 Bullseye Linux using command line terminal (repository) or portable AppImage.

        Etcher, an open-source tool to write ISO/Image files on a USB stick or SD card. It is available to run for all mainstream OS such as Linux, Windows, and macOS. Furthermore, in addition to the installer version, Windows also has a portable Etcher version that can be used without installation

        Using this program to write image files to removable media. It supports various image formats are * .iso , * .img , * .bin and also packed variants. The program also recognizes whether the image is bootable. Optionally, the successful write process can also be compared with the image file in order to identify damaged data carriers.

      • The Calc Guide 7.2 is at the Station!

        This 548 pages guide is for beginner to advanced users of Calc, the spreadsheet component of LibreOffice. You may be new to spreadsheet software, or you may be familiar with another program, this book covers the main features of Calc. The new Calc guide has been updated from Calc Guide 7.1. It covers changes that are visible in the user interface, including the new Search Commands tool, the global toolbar lock, details of the properties dialog, improvements in the Status and Sidebar, new menu entries, standard filter dialog and new cross-shaped cursor.

        The book also introduced contents on user interface variants, AutoInput tool, the Find toolbar, the Paste Special dialog, the AutoFilter tool, template dialogs, QR code generation, multi-column feature for text boxes, updates on the Solver, Print, PDF and Certificate dialogs, as well as External data tool for HTML tables, updates on the Scriptforge library and the new built-in UNO object inspector.

      • How and When to Update openSUSE Tumbleweed | Blathering – CubicleNate’s Techpad

        I am often asked how often and when I update my openSUSE Tumbleweed machines. There are lots of opinions out there and many of them might be more right than my own, but my method has been reliable for my uses for about four years and counting. I run openSUSE Tumbleweed and openSUSE Leap on various machines using multiple architectures and I am quite confident that my methods are sound. Ultimately, the frequency you update has to work with you, your use cases and your network limitations. It should also be noted, when doing an “update” in Tumbleweed, it is a full on Distribution Upgrade, not just the updating of packages as you would perform on an openSUSE Leap machine. I am using “Update” in the most general term possible. I had must consternation over this title, as a consequence of knowing the difference between update and distribution-upgrade.

        It is generally considered best to keep your system as up to date as possible, at all times to prevent nefarious actors from gaining access to your system and your data. I also realize that this is not always practical and as such have been noodling around what kind of frequency once should do their updates. This is a question I receive rather frequently and decided that I am going to blather a bit about how and when to update while including some of the difficulties I have experienced over the year.

      • Using SlickStack to Install WordPress Automatically on Ubuntu 20.04 – ByteXD

        SlickStack is essentially a collection of scripts for quickly and easily installing WordPress, with Nginx1 as a web server, on Ubuntu LTS.

        It aims at making it easier for users to deploy lightweight, fast and secure WordPress websites, and guides users and helps them secure their server during the installation process.

        This is especially useful for new users who just need to painlessly setup a fast and secure WordPress website on a cheap Ubuntu server, which can be cheaper and faster than paying for shared hosting. These servers usually cost $5-$10.

        The philosophy of SlickStack can be found towards the end of their main page at slickstack.io. That, along with the fact that the developer is very experienced in web hosting and passionate about the project, are the factors that I think make SlickStack worth considering for your projects.

        The developer is very helpful and frequently asks for feedback regarding the direction of SlickStack, so they can improve. This is very important, because if you adopt a software for your long term project, you want to know that software will stay up-to-date, will get new features, and will patch any potential vulnerabilities.

        In this article we’ll go over how to use SlickStack to install WordPress on a server running Ubuntu 20.04 LTS, as well as give you a basic overview of some of its options. We won’t be able to cover all of its options, however, so be sure to check their Github and slickstack.io for more in-depth info.

    • Games

      • Crusader Kings III: Royal Court releases February 8, 2022 | GamingOnLinux

        With the Crusader Kings III: Royal Court expansion, would-be monarchs will have new ways to manage courts, build nations, and display the prestige of their dynasty for everyone in the realm to see. It’s now set to release on February 8, 2022.

        This is the first major expansion for the game, that has gone on to receive a very warm reception from players both new and old with it seeing now over 42,000 user reviews on Steam with a Very Positive rating. We enjoyed it a lot here too, so we’re also very much looking forward to this!

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • Linux history: KDE and Gnome vie for the Linux desktop [Ed: Automated translation from German]

          As with so many open source projects, it all starts with a Usenet posting. In it, the Tübingen computer science student Matthias Ettrich announced a new project on October 14, 1996: the “Kool Desktop Environment (KDE)”. He is looking for comrades-in-arms in the Usenet group de.comp.os.linux.misc: Ettrich describes in detail the inadequacies of previous Unix user interfaces and has specific ideas about what needs to change. The name KDE is based on the Common Desktop Environment (CDE), which was common in the commercial Unix environment at the time. CDE is on the one hand too expensive for Ettrich, on the other hand he finds the Motif program library used for the surfaces terrible.

          One of the first to get involved in the new project is the Hamburg-based software developer Kalle Dalheimer, who is employed by Star Division: “Part of my work was also following the development of graphical interfaces under Linux. That was when Matthias Ettrich’s posting appeared.” In retrospect, Dalheimer describes his motivation to be there as a mix of ideology and selfishness. He didn’t want to use Windows on principle, but Dalheimer saw no future for Unix and Linux systems with the existing brittle graphical interfaces.

    • Distributions

      • New Releases

        • Grandma will be thankful when you install deepin Linux 20.3 on her PC this Thanksgiving

          This Thursday is one of my favorite holidays — Thanksgiving! While I will absolutely fill my (large) belly with turkey, stuffing, sweet potatoes, and other traditional foods, I will be sure to celebrate the true nature of the day as well — being thankful. This year, I am thankful for my health, my family, and of course… Linux!

          Yup, folks, we should all be thankful that many wonderful Linux distributions exist, making it possible for people to enjoy truly free and open source software. One of the prettiest Linux-based operating systems is deepin. Today, version 20.3 of the Debian-based operating system becomes available for download, meaning you can install it on your Grandma’s computer after eating her yummy cooking. What better way to thank your Thanksgiving host than replacing Windows with Linux for them? Forget dual-booting. She will be so pleasantly surprised when she turns on the computer!

          “In deepin 20.3, the Stable kernel is upgraded to version 5.15 with better compatibility, system security vulnerabilities are fixed, some deepin applications come with new features and optimizations to meet the needs under different scenarios, and DDE issues are fixed and optimized to improve the overall user experience. The Stable kernel is upgraded to version 5.15 with better support for Intel 12th Gen processors and NTFS file systems, and better system compatibility. Both LTS and Stable kernels can be installed and manually upgraded in deepin,” explains the developers.

      • Screenshots/Screencasts

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • 253: Keepin IT RHEL with Red Hat’s Scott McCarty – Destination Linux

          This week’s episode of Destination Linux, we are speaking with Scott McCarty of Red Hat about their latest RHEL innovations. Then we talk a little Dungeons & Dragons with a callout to the community to get a D&DLN live session going. Plus we’ve also got our famous tips, tricks and software picks. All of this and so much more this week on Destination Linux. So whether you’re brand new to Linux and open source or a guru of sudo. This is the podcast for you.

        • Scott McCarty: What is open core? [Ed: Proprietary software disguised as “open”, i.e. #openwashing]

          What is open core? Is a project open core, or is a business open core? That’s debatable. Like open source, some view it as a development model, others view it as a business model. As a product manager, I view it more in the context of value creation and value capture.

        • Deep dive into application integration with our TCS partner – IBM Developer

          Integrating and connecting your various applications with the right data across multiple clouds can be a daunting task. IBM Cloud Pak for Integration is an enterprise-ready, containerized software solution containing all the tools you need to integrate and connect application components and data within and between clouds. These tools include application integration, API integration, enterprise messaging and event streaming.

          Earlier this year, I collaborated with Santhosh Ramanathan, a Cloud Pak for Integration (CP4I) Consultant from TCS, to develop an entire series on all the significant features of CP4I for the Partner Developer Success Program. TCS, a leading global IT services, consulting, and business solution organization, has been an incredible partner with IBM. This program was built with a focus on educating the developer community through partner collaboration. We decided to work together to break our series into three significant parts. Here is how it went:

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Web Browsers

        • Mozilla

          • Firefox Brings The Fire: Shifting From GLX To EGL | Hackaday

            You may (or may not) have heard that Firefox is moving from GLX to EGL for the Linux graphics stack. It’s an indicator of which way the tides are moving in the software world. Let’s look at what it means, why it matters, and why it’s cool.

            A graphics stack is a complex system with many layers. But on Linux, there needs to be an interface between something like OpenGL and a windowing system like X11. X11 provides a fundamental framework for drawing and moving windows around a display, capturing user input, and determining focus, but little else. An X11 server is just a program that manages all the windows (clients). Each window in X11 is considered a client. A client connects to the server over a Unix process socket or the internet.

            OpenGL focuses on what to draw within the confines of the screen space given by the window system. GLX (which stands for OpenGL Extension to the X window system) was originally developed by Silicon Graphics. It has changed over the years, gaining hardware acceleration support and DRI (Direct Rendering Interface). DRI is a way for OpenGL to talk directly to the graphical hardware if the server and the client are on the same computer. At its core, GLX provides OpenGL functions to X11, adds to the X protocol by allowing 3d rendering commands to be sent, and an extension that reads rendering commands and passes them to OpenGL.

          • Do you run Void on your Power Mac?

            If so, heads up, because builds for your configuration may be ending soon (along with Void PPC on big-endian platforms generally). If you want this to continue, and you’ve got the interest, chops or gumption, you can help by becoming a maintainer — take a look at the Void PPC Github. Most of you are probably running the glibc variant, which will end by January 2023, but if you are running musl-based packages those repos will be taken down by the end of 2021. Don’t whine to the maintainer, please: the current matrix is four different repos which all require their own maintenance and builds. Even just 32-bit glibc would probably benefit a whole lot of people and yourself. If this is important to you, there’s no time like the present to step up.

      • Funding

        • Software Freedom Conservancy donors challenged with largest match yet – Software Freedom Conservancy

          Donations will be matched (up to $159,191) thanks almost entirely to contributions by a few very generous anonymous donors. Contributions by individuals keep Software Freedom Conservancy afloat, and it’s with your help that we are empowered to do the vital and sometimes overlooked work in software freedom. We also have some gracious donors who brought the amount up a little more to the prime number you see above: Chris Neugebauer and Josh Simmons, Mark Galassi, Stephen Paul Weber, Tony Sebro, and VM Brasseur are contributing to our match fund and encourage others to give as well.

      • FSFE

        • FSFE Calls for ‘Device Neutrality’ in EU’s Proposed ‘Digital Markets Act’ – FOSS Force

          In a press release issued Monday ahead of a planned preliminary vote on the EU’s proposed Digital Markets act by the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee, the Free Software Foundation Europe called for device neutrality to be included in the proposed law.

          The German-based FSFE is a sister organization to the Free Software Foundation, although the two are legally and financially separate entities

          “On the imminent voting of the Digital Markets Act – the latest EU proposal on internet platform regulation – the FSFE demands device neutrality as a fundamental element for safeguarding consumer protection in open, fair, and contestable digital markets,” the FSFE said in its statement.

      • Programming/Development

        • Use symbolic constants instead of magic numerical constants – EasyHack

          There are many situations that you need to use numerical constants in your code. If you use numerical literal values directly instead of symbolic constants, it can cause problems. For example, consider this piece of code that calculate area of a circle:

          double area = 3.14 * r * r;

          This is not OK, because:

          1. The value of π is not 3.14 nor 3.141592. π is an irrational number, and the suitable value depends on the number of decimal places that you can/want to use among unlimited decimals of π.

          2. Suppose that you want to change the numerical literal to increase the number of decimals that you use. You should search for 3.14, and check one by one to see if it is actually π, or it is another 3.14 unrelated to the well-known mathematical constant.

        • Rust

          • Entire Rust moderation team resigns • The Register

            The Rust language community is in disarray following the resignation of the entire moderation team, citing the “structural unaccountability” of the core development team.

            The moderation team, represented by Andrew Gallant, posted its resignation to GitHub yesterday, stating that it was “done in protest of the Core Team placing themselves unaccountable to anyone but themselves.”

            Therefore, the post goes on to explain, “we have been unable to enforce the Rust Code of Conduct [CoC] to the standards the community expects of us.”

  • Leftovers

    • Hardware

      • Significantly Improved Egg Timer Makes Pictionary Better | Hackaday

        The traditional sand timer, known colloquially as an egg timer, served its purpose well over the centuries since its development. However, [MakerPaul] realised it had some significant flaws that were ruining Pictionary, and set out to fix the problem.

        If you’re not looking directly at an egg timer, it’s easy to miss the moment when the timer runs out. Resetting the timer before it runs out also requires waiting for the sand to filter to one side. Clearly the world needs a better mousetrap.

        The tipping timer from [MakerPaul] solves both those issues. In this design, sand flows down into an offset area, which tips the device over when reaching a certain time limit. Additionally, turning the device upside down and then rotating it instantly reloads the sand, meaning the timer can be reused immediately.

      • Charging Phones With The Power Of Paper Pulp | Hackaday

        Here it is, the most exciting reveal since the Hackaday Prize ceremony — [Eric Strebel] uses the pulp mold he designed and built over the three previous videos. In case you missed our coverage so far, [Eric] set out to design an eco-friendly wireless charger that’s meant to be disposable after six months to a year of use, and looks good doing it.

        [Eric] started by cutting up a lot of cardboard and pulping it in a brand-new Oster blender that honestly looks to be pretty heavy duty. Pulping consists of blending the cardboard bits with water until a soupy chili-like consistency is reached. That blender lasted all of 20 minutes before breaking, so [Eric] promptly replaced it with a Ninja, which was way more up to the challenge of cardboard.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Security

          • Imunify360 Flaw Can Lead to Code Execution [Ed: Security should never be an "addon"; it should be a design trait]

            There is a vulnerability in some versions of the Imunify360 web server security platform that can allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code in some specific circumstances.

            The vulnerability is a PHP deserialization issue and it exists in versions 5.8 and 5.9 of Imunify360, a product designed to detect malware and other security issues on web-hosting servers. Researchers at Cisco Talos discovered the vulnerability, which is in the Ai-Bolit functionality of the product. The researchers found that an attacker can exploit it in a couple of different ways.

          • Guarding against DCSync attacks

            Gaining access to domain admin credentials is part of the endgame in many sophisticated attacks where threat actors are trying to maintain persistence. One of the ways that adversaries accomplish this is through DCSync attacks.

          • Attackers Will Flock to Crypto Wallets, Linux in 2022: Podcast [Ed: They now post "SPONSORED CONTENT" attacking the security credibility of Linux]
          • Addressing CPAN vulnerabilities related to checksums

            This blog post addresses checksum and signature verification vulnerabilities affecting CPAN, the cpan client, and the cpanm client, which were published in a security advisory on 23rd November 2021. If you’re not aware of this topic, you might like to start by reading the advisory. This post gives a high-level description of the issues, what has been done to address them, what is still left to do, and what you should do. If you have any questions on this, you can add comments here, or email the PAUSE admins (modules at perl dot org).

            Before we dig into the details, we’ll first give an overview of how the relevant parts of the CPAN ecosystem work.

          • Fear, Uncertainty, Doubt/Fear-mongering/Dramatisation

            • WhiteSource Adds SBOM Tool That Lists Vulnerabilities [Ed: WhiteSource is almost a de facto Microsoft proxy [1, 2, 3]]

              WhiteSource has added a software bill of materials (SBOM) tool to its portfolio that, in addition to capturing the components of an application, also surfaces vulnerabilities that should be addressed.

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • Apple to NSO: sue you

              Today, Apple filed a lawsuit in California against Israeli spyware company NSO Group for allegedly facilitating surveillance of Apple users. Access Now applauds Apple in taking a bold stand against surveillance tech used to facilitate human rights abuses.

    • Transparency/Investigative Reporting

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • Another voter fraud accusation blows up in Republicans’ faces

        The mysterious case of Rosemarie Hartle’s vote in the last presidential election, three years after her death, was trumpeted in November 2020 by the Nevada Republican Party and various prominent conservatives. From then-President Donald Trump on down, Republicans used stories about phony votes cast under the names of dead people as key evidence for their claim that Joe Biden’s victory was marred by major fraud.

        The Hartle mystery is now solved. And it turns out that the fraud was committed by a Republican.

        Hartle was married to Las Vegas businessman Donald Kirk Hartle, a registered Republican. In November 2020, Hartle told Las Vegas television station 8 News Now (KLAS-TV) that he felt “disbelief” when he found out that a mail-in ballot was submitted in his late wife’s name. It was “pretty sickening,” he said at the time, adding that he didn’t know how it could’ve happened.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • Interpol Election Raises Fears About Authoritarian Influence

        TIINA JAUHIAINEN KNOWS the reach of the United Arab Emirates firsthand. In 2018, Jauhiainen helped her friend and skydiving partner Sheikha Latifa bint Mohammed al-Maktoum escape the country after accusing her father, the ruler of Dubai, of restricting her basic freedoms and locking up her sister. Jauhiainen and Sheikha Latifa fled the UAE on Jet Skis and boarded a yacht, but they were captured by Indian commandos in international waters and sent back to the UAE, where Sheikha Latifa was returned to her family and Jauhiainen was detained for a few weeks.

        Months later, back in her native Finland, Jauhiainen applied for a visa to Australia, where she wanted to visit a friend. Australia rejected her application, stating that she was the target of a criminal investigation. She later learned that she was named in a “red notice” requested by the UAE and issued by international policing agency Interpol — and only after a lawyer intervened did she get the notice rescinded. “It just shows how easily they can abuse the system,” Jauhiainen told The Intercept.

        Now Jauhiainen and others who have been detained in the UAE are watching Interpol’s upcoming election with concern. Ahmed Naser al-Raisi, a senior official with the UAE’s Interior Ministry who oversees security forces and detentions, is running for president of the organization. Al-Raisi’s fate will be decided at a meeting of Interpol’s General Assembly in Istanbul next week, and human rights advocates have been waging a campaign to stop him and a Chinese official who is also running for office.

      • It’s the University of Austin Against Everyone — Including Itself – POLITICO
      • Justin Bieber called on to cancel Saudi Arabia concert by slain journalist’s fiancée

        The fiancée of murdered journalist Jamal Khashoggi wrote an open letter published by the Washington Post calling for Justin Bieber to cancel his upcoming concert in Saudi Arabia.

        “That’s why I am writing to you with a plea: Cancel your Dec. 5 performance in Saudi Arabia,” Hatice Cengiz wrote Saturday. “This is a unique opportunity to send a powerful message to the world that your name and talent will not be used to restore the reputation of a regime that kills its critics.”

        Bieber is set to headline at Saudi Arabia’s Formula One Race in December, joined by artists such as ASAP Rocky, David Guetta and Jason Derulo in Jeddah’s inaugural Grand Prix.

        Cengiz urged Bieber to remember he is performing on an invitation from Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman himself.

        “Nothing of significance happens in Saudi Arabia without his consent, and certainly not an event as important and flashy as this,” Cengiz wrote. “Your face is even featured on the event’s website with his — the executioner of my fiance, Jamal.”

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • Bill for Austria to ratify UPC Agreement’s PPA continues to progress in parliament [Ed: Team UPC wants us to think that Austria miraculously replaces the UK, in complete violation of the Vienna Convention. They’ve lied all along so why stop now?]

          In its plenary session on Friday 19 November, Austria’s National Council unanimously approved the draft legislation enabling Austria to ratify the Protocol on the Provisional Application (PPA) of the Unified Patent Court Agreement (UPCA) (report, recording). The National Council’s approval followed the unanimous approval and report of its Committee on Research, Innovation and Digitisation. The bill has now passed to the Federal Council and was assigned yesterday to its Committee on Innovation, Technology and the Future. If the Federal Council raises no objections, the final steps to promulgation of the law are authentication by the Federal President, countersignature by the Federal Chancellor, and publication in the Federal Law Gazette.

      • Copyrights

        • The EU Copyright Directive’s Neighboring Rights for Press Publishers: A work in progress

          Italy and Spain are latest in the line of European countries to adopt the European Union’s Directive on Copyright. The EU finalized the Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market in 2019 with the objective of ensuring “fairer remuneration for creators and rightsholders, press publishers and journalists, in particular when their works are (re)used online.” The Copyright Directive has been the subject of much debate, with Article 17’s requirement of prior authorization for uploading copyright protected content responsible for the bulk of the controversy. However, another section of the Copyright Directive that has garnered substantial attention is Article 15, which creates “neighboring rights” for press publishers for the online use of their publications. According to the World Intellectual property Organization (WIPO), ‘neighboring rights’ or ‘related rights’ are ancillary to copyright, and essentially enable press publishers to exclusively authorize or prohibit the use, reproduction, indexing or aggregation of their content, while ensuring that the legal and financial interests of persons and entities that have contributed to making the work available to the public (such as the original author) remain protected.

Links 23/11/2021: New GNU Parallel and Memories of David H. Adler (Perl, Raku)

Posted in News Roundup at 4:27 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • Sick of Windows? How to log into and start using Linux

        I started using Linux in ’97, and in the past couple of weeks, I’ve actually watched Linux trend on Twitter at least three times. That’s something I never thought I’d see, but am thrilled it’s happened. To me, that’s a sign the open-source operating system is starting to gain more and more market share on the desktop.

        As the Linux desktop market share continues to climb, it means more and more new users will be hopping on board. That’s why I started this new “Sick of Windows?” series that walks new users through each step of using the open-source operating system. First I demonstrated how to test-drive Linux and followed it up with how to install Linux. During this series, I’ve used elementary OS as an example. The reason is that elementary OS offers one of the cleanest and simplest experiences (with one exception—more on that in a bit) in all of Linux land. Does that mean it’s the best distribution to use? Not necessarily. And given there’s a vast array of distributions to choose from, there is something for everyone. The good news is that the installation of elementary OS is a great representation of how easy Linux is to install. If you can install this operating system, you can install Ubuntu, Linux Mint, ZorinOS, Deepin and just about any of the modern versions of Linux.

      • Phytium D2000 Eight-Core Arm CPU Appears in Mini PC

        The recommended OS is Ubuntu Kylin, the official Chinese version of Ubuntu, but with the ability to boot from USB other Linux distros should be viable. OpenSUSE and Debian can be installed without issue, according to Dragonbox. A USB to Ethernet adapter is included as the built-in Qualcomm AR 8035 network card doesn’t work well with all Linux distributions.
        Interestingly, two percent of the price of each unit sold goes to the developer of Box86/Box64.

      • Star Labs StarBook Mk V Support Upstreamed In Coreboot – Phoronix

        British Linux PC vendor Star Labs now has support for their StarBook Mk V laptop upstreamed into Coreboot, which marks their second product having this achievement.

        Earlier this year the Star Labs LabTop Mk III/IV support was upstreamed into Coreboot. Now as of today the StarBook Mk V support has been upstreamed in Coreboot. While running on Coreboot, with the StarBook Mk V being Intel Tiger Lake based, it still is reliant on the closed-source Intel firmware support package (FSP) and Management Engine (ME). There are also blobs required for the ITE EC firmware and Intel Flash Descriptor.

    • Server

      • A preview of Amazon’s AL2022 distribution

        Amazon has announced a preview release of its upcoming AL2022 distribution. The company plans to support AL2022 for five years after its release.

      • AWS is making a major commitment to Linux | TechRadar

        Amazon’s cloud computing division, Amazon Web Services (AWS) has put out a preview of its custom Amazon Linux distro (AL2022), while committing to refreshing the distro every two years.

        Amazon Linux is popular with AWS users for its tight integration with AWS tools, and no license costs. The service also ensures that its new features work as advertised with the distro.

      • November 2021 Web Server Survey | Netcraft News

        In the November 2021 survey we received responses from 1,175,392,792 sites across 267,027,794 unique domains and 11,525,855 web-facing computers. This reflects a loss of 4.06 million sites, but a gain of 1.60 million domains and 137,000 computers.

        nginx gained the largest number of domains (+741,000) and web-facing computers (+81,300) this month and continues to lead in both metrics with market shares of 30.1% and 37.3%.

        Further down in the market, there was also a noticeable increase in the total number of web-facing computers running LiteSpeed, which went up by 11,200 to 101,000 (+12.5%), although this resulted in only a 1.44% increase in domains. These counts include sites that run on LiteSpeed Web Server and its open source variant, OpenLiteSpeed, both of which exhibit the same “LiteSpeed” server banner.

        Both nginx and Apache lost nearly 4 million hostnames each, reducing their sites market shares to 34.7% and 24.4%. Meanwhile, Cloudflare gained 1.15 million sites, which has taken its total up to 58.6 million (+2.00%) and increased its sites share to 4.99%.

        nginx and Apache also suffered losses amongst the top million websites, paving the way for Microsoft to increase its presence by 2,369 sites (+3.75%). Microsoft web server software is now used by 65,600 of the top million sites, but Apache is still the most commonly used web server in this sector, with 240,000 of the top million sites using it, and nginx is not far behind with 224,000.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • Google’s Generic Kernel Image is the next step towards solving Android’s fragmentation problem

        Google has been working on reducing fragmentation on Android for years, though part of the cause of that is the inherent nature of Android and the dual-edged sword of choice and freedom. There are countless OEMs active in the space, and all of them want to make their own modifications for their own devices. The problem then is that it looks like Android OS updates are slow to roll out across the board, but there’s not a lot that Google can actually do to force OEMs to update their devices. As such, the next best thing that Google can do is make the update process as easy and frictionless as possible.

      • Another Sizable Performance Optimization To Benefit Network Code With Linux 5.17 – Phoronix

        Last week I wrote about a big TCP performance optimization having been queued up into net-next for Linux 5.17. That optimization can yield significant TCP throughput improvements especially with today’s high-end 100Gb+ network hardware. There is now another separate juicy optimization to benefit the Linux network performance in the next kernel cycle.

        This completely separate optimization but that will also benefit the Linux 5.17 network code path is optimizing the x86_64 csum_partial() function. This latest optimization also comes from Google’s Eric Dumazet.

      • Get Better Desktop Responsiveness Under Heavy CPU Load Using CFS Zen Tweaks – Linux Uprising Blog

        CFS Zen Tweaks is a bash script and systemd service that tweak the Linux CPU scheduler for better desktop responsiveness when under heavy CPU utilization.

        The default kernel settings are not tweaked for desktop usage, with high throughput being prioritized over latency, notes the CFS Zen Tweaks author. This results in a less responsive desktop under heavy CPU load. Using CFS Zen Tweaks, you should notice an improved desktop responsiveness – for example, its author mentions that before using this, YouTube would lag while compiling code, and that’s no longer the case using the CFS Zen tweaks.

        The CFS Zen Tweaks project adjusts the default kernel CPU scheduler (CFS or Completely Fair Scheduler) for better desktop responsiveness. The CFS CPU scheduler settings come from Linux ZEN kernel, which was created to provide a better Linux kernel for everyday systems.
        Note that only the CFS CPU scheduler tweaks are used from the ZEN kernel, while this custom kernel also has other tweaks.

    • Benchmarks

      • DDR4 vs. DDR5 Memory Performance For Intel Core i5-12600K Alder Lake On Linux

        Given current memory pricing and extremely limited availability of DDR5 memory modules, many Phoronix readers have been requesting DDR4 vs. DDR5 memory benchmarks for Alder Lake on Linux. After picking up a DDR4 Z690 motherboard, here are some reference benchmarks between DDR4 and DDR5 when testing with the Core i5 12600K on Ubuntu Linux in a variety of real-world workloads.

        The Alder Lake benchmarking at Phoronix to this point has been with the ASUS ROG STRIX Z690-E GAMING WiFi and Corsair Vengeance 2 x 32GB DDR5-4400 C36 memory, both kindly provided by Intel as part of our review kit. DDR5 commands a significant premium at the moment with that 64GB DDR5-4400 kit currently retailing for $555 USD or even the 32GB version for $295, but good luck finding it in stock or even close to that MSRP if finding it resold online.

    • Applications

      • GNOME Painting App Pinta 1.7.1 Released with Some New Features

        Free and open-source clone of Paint.Net 3.0, Pinta, released version 1.7.1 a few days ago with improvements and bug-fixes.

        The release is the final version based on GTK2, as the GTK3 / .NET 6 version is nearly ready!

        Pinta 1.7.1 is a small release with minor new features to improve user experience. For image with large resolution (or zoomed in), you may use mouse wheel to scroll up / down. Now by holding Shift + mouse wheel, the canvas can be scrolled horizontally.

        Same to GIMP, user may now press X to exchange background and foreground palette colors quickly in Pinta since v1.7.1. And, zooming in and out can now be done without pressing the Ctrl key

        The release also improved the pop-up dialog when you trying to open an unsupported file format. The file open dialog by default shows only supported images, including ani, png, bmp, jpg, gif, icns, ico, jpeg, ora, pnm, qtif, svg, tga, tif, tiff, xbm, xpm. If you chose show “All files” and selected an unsupported file, it will prompt that file not support and show you all supported file formats.

      • PAPPL 1.1 Nears Release As Modern Open-Source Printer Application Framework – Phoronix

        While OpenPrinting is now leading development of the CUPS print server, PAPPL continues to be developed by CUPS founder Michael Sweet as a modern open-source printer application framework. PAPPL 1.1 as a big feature release is on the way.

        PAPPL 1.0 released last December for this open-source framework/library for developing CUPS Printer Applications as the replacement to conventional printer drivers. PAPPL was designed as part of Michael Sweet’s work on LPrint and Gutenprint software but can be used for other purposes too.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • Using the script command on Linux to record command line activity | Network World

        The Linux script command has been around for ages and provides a simple but useful service. It lets you record command line activity – both input and output. This can be very helpful in troubleshooting problems or verifying what was done later by reviewing the commands that were run along with their output.

        Even if you’ve used the script command time to time, it offers more options than many of us realize. In this post, we will look at the simplest use of script and some of the options that can make it even more useful.

        The easiest way to use the script command is simply to type “script” in the terminal window and press ^d when you want to stop the recording. The output, by default, will be saved in a file called “typescript”. You will see the file name that is used in the first line of output.

      • Package software and data with self-compressed scripts | Enable Sysadmin

        Self-compressed scrips are a quick, reliable way to distribute software or data to users without a package manager, elevated privileges, or other limitations.

      • LFCS – Pluggable Authentication Module (PAM) | Linux.org

        With every type of Operating System (OS), there needs to be security in place. With CentOS or Ubuntu, there is the Pluggable Authentication Modules (PAM).

      • (Resolved) -bash: /bin/mv: Argument list too long – TecAdmin

        One of my development server contains millions of files under a single directory. To free the disk space, we decided to move to them a new folder created on another disk attached to same system. When tried to move file with mv command, received the following error.

      • Two new user guides: Impress and Calc

        The latest user guides from the LibreOffice documentation team are LibreOffice 7.2 Impress and LibreOffice 7.2 Calc, available in free PDF, ODT, or to read in a browser. Low-cost printed copies are available from Lulu.com.

      • HELK – An Open Source Threat Hunting Platform – blackMORE Ops

        The Hunting ELK or simply the HELK is an Open Source Threat Hunting Platform with advanced analytics capabilities such as SQL declarative language, graphing, structured streaming, and even machine learning via Jupyter notebooks and Apache Spark over an ELK stack.

      • How To Install FreeOffice on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install FreeOffice on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, FreeOffice is a free, full-featured office suite developed by a German-based software company named SoftMaker. It is cross-platform and used in Windows, Mac, and Linux. It has a word processor, spreadsheet application, and presentation program that are seamlessly compatible with Microsoft Office.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the FreeOffice on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

      • How to Install UVdesk Helpdesk System on Debian 11

        UVdesk is a free, open-source, and SaaS-based helpdesk solution for any business process to deliver the best customer service. It is a simple, flexible, user-friendly, and alternative to other popular support platforms. It is written in PHP and based on the Symfony framework. You can integrate UVdesk with multiple marketplaces including, Amazon, eBay, Etsy, and Flipkart to support your valuable customer.

        In this tutorial, I will show you how to install UVdesk helpdesk solution with Apache on Debian 11.

      • How to Use Android’s Text Schedule Send Feature

        As we all know, this is the age of social media; and we all tend to text each other via Messenger, WhatsApp, Instagram, Imo, and other social media platforms. However, imagine the scenario that you are in a remote area and can’t get a strong internet signal or your Android device has run out of data. Furthermore, you’re also not able to communicate verbally because of having a poor network signal. Now, you only have one communication option: texting via phone to your recipient’s numbers as you’ve at least a signal for sending the text. Speaking of texting, Android introduces the text schedule send feature, and users can take advantage of this feature to many different degrees.

        For instance, there is something important you would like to SMS, and you need to type the message right now quickly; otherwise, you might forget what exactly you want to say. What should you do now? An alternative method could be taking a note, creating an event on your calendar, or setting up an alarm with the message to remind yourself later.

        However, does this sound convenient and easy if you already have a text schedule send feature on your Android device? I would say NO!

      • How to encrypt block devices using LUKS on Linux – VITUX

        Sometimes you may want to encrypt your hard disk so that when someone connects your hard drive to their computer they need to provide user credentials to mount the drive. In Linux, it is possible to encrypt individual block devices. In this article, we will learn how to encrypt block devices in Linux using LUKS. LUKS is the Linux encryption layer that can be used to encrypt the entire root partition, a logical volume, or a specific partition.

      • Work-around if movie subtitles restart after the final subtitle is displayed | Fitzcarraldo’s Blog

        If I’m watching movies in a language I don’t understand, I want subtitles. On my computers this is possible as long as there is a subtitles file with the name suffix .srt and the same prefix name as the .mp4 video file in the same directory. I usually prefer to view movies on my TV with a bigger screen, so I copy the movie to a HDD that is normally connected to my TV (a FINLUX model 43-FUD-8020). However, the built-in media player in the TV does not show the subtitles in the .srt file, even when it is in the same directory as the .mp4 file. Therefore I use the MKVToolNix utility mkvmerge to put the movie and subtitles into a Matroska multimedia container (.mkv file), and the TV’s media player can play these .mkv files and does display the subtitles. In fact, so can my laptops and desktop running Linux (I have not tried on a machine running Windows 10, but I assume Windows 10 would have no trouble either).

      • How to check .deb Package Dependencies in Ubuntu

        Most software or application in Ubuntu, does not come as one package and it depends on other packages to work as intended. These supporting packages are called dependency packages as they are required for the proper working of the software. Usually, the package manager in your system automatically resolves these dependencies, but sometimes an issue or error occurs and you have to resolve the issue manually.

        In that case, it is better to have a detailed picture of the dependencies of the package so that you can locate the issue easily. Therefore, You will learn how to check the dependencies of any package in this article.

      • Install Oracle Virtualbox 6.1.30 In Ubuntu 20.04 / CentOS 8 & Fedora | Tips On UNIX

        Virtualbox is an open-source application for running operating systems virtually in our base system and this application is available for multiple operating systems (ie) Windows, Linux, and macOS.

        It has a large number of features, high performing software used in enterprise-level and licensed under General Public License (GPL). It is developed by a community based on a dedicated company.

        This tutorial will be helpful for beginners to install Oracle VirtualBox 6.1.30 in Ubuntu 20.04, Ubuntu 19.10, CentOS 8 / Redhat 8, and Fedora.

      • How to Upgrade to Debian 11 Bullseye – Linux Nightly

        This guide will show how to upgrade to Debian 11 Bullseye, which is the latest version of the operating system, released on August 14, 2021.

      • How To Set Up FTP Server In Rocky Linux 8.4 | LinuxTeck

        FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol, which relies on client/server technology. It is a software application that transfers files between systems. The FTP protocol was developed in the 1970s and is one of the most commonly used protocols to transfer data between computers over the Internet.

        However, despite being an old methodology, users still find it to be one of the best and most commonly used protocols, and users enjoy using it for uploading and downloading files in their day-to-day work. Setting up an FTP server on Linux is generally quite simple.

        Essentially, this FTP software package performs two (2) basic tasks: ‘Put’ and ‘Get. When “Put” is used, files will be copied from a local computer to a remote computer, while “Get” handles the opposite. FTP daemon ‘vsftpd’ is a server component that constantly listens for FTP requests from remote clients. It manages the log-in process and establishes the connection when a request is received. By default, it works with port 21 and executes any commands sent by the FTP client during the session.

        This step-by-step guide will teach you how to install and configure FTP servers (vsftpd) for users with local accounts to upload/download files in Rocky Linux 8.4. Similarly, this guide can be used with RHEL, CentOS, Fedora, Ubuntu, Debian, and Ubuntu with a few minor modifications.

      • How to design state machines for microservices | Red Hat Developer

        Backend services and microservices typically use state machines to maintain the state of their resources, whether the state machine is defined explicitly or not. To create a well-written service, you must expressly and clearly define its state machine, so that users know what to expect and can ensure that tests cover all possible (and impossible) transitions.

        In this article, you’ll learn important guidelines for building state machines. You’ll also get an introduction to stateswitch, a Go library that you can use to organize a state machine’s transition logic.

      • Running Windows Programs on Trisquel with WINE

        This tutorial explains how to install Microsoft Windows applications on Trisquel operating sistem. This workaround uses a popular program called Wine, that is, a technology that allows GNU/Linux system to run a lot of W32 executable programs. With Wine, we technically can run both categories, libre software and proprietary software, however in this tutorial we only give examples using libre software. We will install and run W32 version of Gimp, Inkscape, and Super Tux Kart. Enjoy!

      • How to deploy your first pod on a Kubernetes Cluster

        In this article we will see how to create our first Pod on Kubernetes Cluster. We shall see the steps to create a pod for Nginx.

      • How to configure Google Cloud CDN for External Websites

        In this guide you are going to learn how to configure Google Cloud CDN for external websites which is not hosted on Google cloud and have a custom origin server.

        Here we will configure a HTTPS load balancer and setup an external backend service with Network Endpoint Group (NEG) which connects to your server.

      • How to compress whole directory using xz and tar – nixCraft

        The xz command on Linux, macOS, *BSD, and Unix-like systems offer excellent compression. It will outperform zip and other formats when we use xz with tar for maximum reduction in size. For instance, I compressed a directory having 37M size using both xz and zip. The zip file size was 31M, while the xz file was 16M after compression. Pretty impressive, isn’t it? Let us see how to compress the whole directory using xz and tar.

      • How to Update Google Chrome on Ubuntu

        Despite the strong competition over the years, Google Chrome has effortlessly surpassed the list of internet browsers to become one of the most popular and widely used search engines online. Its ease of use, availability and compatibility with several operating systems alongside various notable features has made it adept in the field of browsing.
        Whether you are using it on Windows, Linux, or Mac OS, Google Chrome is free, easily available, and comes along with many development tools for software developers.

        It is not just a web browser but also a complete package for both your desktop and phone. The simple yet fascinating interface is fast, secure and includes Google’s smart built-in extensions and themes, making your working experience a cut above the other browsers.

      • Reset Forgotten Root Password in Rocky Linux / AlmaLinux

        It happens. Yes, sometimes you can lose track of your passwords, including the root password which is critical in performing root privileged tasks. This can happen for a myriad of reasons including staying for a protracted period without logging in as a root user or having a complex root password – in which case you should consider using a password manager to safely store your password.

        In case you have forgotten your root password and have nowhere to retrieve it, worry not. If you have physical access to your server, you can reset your forgotten root password with a few simple steps.

      • How to Migrate CentOS 7 To AlmaLinux 8: A Step-by-Step Guide

        Have you ever asked yourself: How do I migrate from CentOS 7 to AlmaLinux? Well, you don’t need to worry about this anymore, because it’s now possible in just a few easy steps that I will show you in this guide.

        This will be especially helpful for users of CentOS 7 who will be left without a clear upgrade path after the end of the year when Red Hat withdraws support for CentOS 8. This is especially important because CentOS 7, which will will lose support in 2024, is assumed to have a much larger user base than CentOS 8, which had only been available for a little over a year when Red Hat announced it was being sunsetted.

      • How to Force “FSCK” File System Check on Ubuntu

        As Linux users, we can never undervalue the importance of the FSCK (File System Consistency Check) command, as it scans and troubleshoots your Linux filesystem for performance issues or errors and then tries to fix them if it can.

        FSCK is a default pre-installation on all Linux operating system distributions. Therefore, if you had yourself worried about mastering the steps for installing, configuring, and using this Linux filesystem tool.

      • How To Install ISPConfig on Debian 11 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install ISPConfig on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, ISPConfig 3 is an open-source panel for Linux which is capable of managing multiple servers from one control panel. With ISPConfig we can easily add Apache virtual host or Nginx server blocks, create/edit/delete databases, configure cron jobs, create email accounts, and many more.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the ISPConfig 3 on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

      • Installing Alpine or other Linux on VPS or Bare Metal Server

        When you get a VPS or a dedicated (bare metal) server, the hosting provider lets you choose the operating system you want to install.

        Typically, you can choose from a list of about ten systems. What if your favorite Linux system is not included in that list?

        Installing Alpine (or other Linux) on VPS or Bare Metal Server
        There are perhaps several methods to install a particular Linux distribution of your choice on a remote server.

        I wanted to use the ultra lightweight Alpine Linux. It is available as an option on Linode but not on OVH. I primarily use OVH so I used this method to get Alpine on my server.

      • Introduction to Kubernetes | What is Kubernetes – OSTechNix

        Welcome to the introduction to Kubernetes course. Kubernetes, also known as k8s or kube, is the most popular container Orchestration tool in the industry which is a Google made product. This Kubernetes tutorial consists of series articles on Kubernetes. In the first part, we will be discussing what is Kubernetes and the basic concepts of Kubernetes.

        This course is for absolute beginners, you don’t need to have any pre-requisite knowledge to learn this technology. We will walk you through all the Kubernetes basics to make you understand the concepts.

        Before getting started with Kubernetes, let’s have a basic understanding of Docker and Containers.

    • Games

      • Stellaris: Aquatics Species Pack and the free 3.2 ‘Herbert’ patch out now | GamingOnLinux

        Something smells a bit fishy here! Paradox Interactive has released the Stellaris: Aquatics Species Pack DLC along with another big free update for all players.

        This actually sounds like one of the most interesting race packs released yet, especially with the new ship designs and the origins.

      • Warhammer 40,000: Gladius – Adeptus Mechanicus is out now | GamingOnLinux

        While Proxy Studios are currently working on their next strategy game with ZEPHON, they still had time to bring out a fresh DLC for their previous game with Warhammer 40,000: Gladius – Adeptus Mechanicus.

        In the only 4x strategy game set in Games Workshop’s Warhammer 40,000 universe, Gladius has been out for a while now since July 2018 and it remains quite popular. They’ve already expanded the game a number of times before with the likes of the Tyranids, Chaos Space Marines, T’au and Craftworld Aeldari but now it’s time for the Adeptus Mechanicus to rise and try to take Gladius Prime.

      • After growing into a full oceanic adventure Sail Forth moves to 2022 | GamingOnLinux

        Sail Forth showed off its interesting colourful open-world sailing in previous demos but it seems the whole game has grown and needs just a bit more time. Originally due this year, the developer and publisher has announced a move to Summer 2022 to give it more time.

        From the press release they said it’s now “a full-blown oceanic adventure with tons of new content, quests, characters, and narrative”. So we have to wait a bit longer but it sounds like it’s going to be far more impressive.

      • Dead Cells gets a crossover with multiple indie games | GamingOnLinux

        Motion Twin / Evil Empire have released a big free upgrade for Dead Cells, bringing with it a number of items taken from other popular indie gems. This crossover takes the form of new weapons and outfits for your character, although you do need to hunt for clues and go find them to actually use them.

        “As we wanted to make this year’s Christmas special, our gift itself needed to be special. Something great, something more, something you’ve never seen before… something literally out of this world.

      • Hearts of Iron IV: No Step back is now out alongside massive patch, some thoughts | GamingOnLinux

        While there’s plenty to chew on in terms of new free features and enhancements in the large patch that has come out alongside No Step Back, the most noticeable and important of these is the overhaul of the logistics system. Trains and rail lines make an appearance and, in order for armies to fight effectively, supply lines have to be protected and supply hubs captured. This new system is fairly elegant and adds an element of complexity that is easily understood and interacted with.

        I’ve played several games and observed the new supply system and how it fits in with the overhauled combat and weather systems. There’s plenty to love and I instinctively found myself planning offensives with supply hubs as primary objectives; disrupting enemy supply likewise was something that I found myself doing more and more. It’s safe to say that it’s a marked improvement to the old system and that in areas with low infrastructure it can be a right pain to keep momentum.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • Arcan 0.6.1 Released With More Features Added To This Open-Source Display Stack

        Arcan as an open-source display server stack originally built atop a game engine and embracing VR/XR, and pushing forward on other new technologies is out with a new version.

        Arcan has become quite a large project for those not familiar with it from past articles over the years. Arcan describes itself on GitHub as “a powerful development framework for creating virtually anything from user interfaces for specialized embedded applications all the way to full-blown standalone desktop environments. At its heart lies a robust and portable multimedia engine, with a well-tested and well-documented Lua scripting interface. The development emphasizes security, debuggability and performance — guided by a principle of least surprise in terms of API design.”

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • KDE Plasma 5.24 To Add a GNOME-Style Overview and Will Prevent You From Uninstalling Plasma

          Ever since Gnome 3 in 2011, the activities overview has played a key role in interacting with it. Despite its heavy criticism at launch, many users have now come to love it, leading to some other desktop environments looking at implementing similar features.

          And, it looks like KDE Plasma is adding something like it, more like a brand new Gnome-like overview feature. Let us take a closer look.

        • Catch up: Calamares

          It’s been over a month since I last wrote anything; I acted as a caregiver for my mom for a while, then she moved house which led to frantic painting, unboxing, furniture assembling and all the other time-and-energy sinks associated with moving. Since the end of october I’ve been mostly back at work doing Calamares and KDE and FreeBSD- related things. Let’s catch up on Calamares, first.

          [...]

          The ZFS bits are something I’m quite excited about, but they do ask that the distro do some work – the ZFS kernel modules and tools need to be on the ISO, for instance. That doesn’t happen magically, and distro-makers still need to do their thing – and make their own choices; there’s nothing forcing ZFS onto distributions, but Calamares (through Evan) now makes it possible.

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • Gnome Next Meeting Applet Shows Your Next Google Calendar Events On The Panel

          Gnome Next Meeting Applet is an AppIndicator that shows your next Google Calendar meetings / events in a menu on the panel. It also shows your next Google Calendar event title and remaining time directly on the panel, so you can quickly find out when your next event / meeting is due.

          The applet makes use of Gnome Online Accounts to grab your Google Calendar info, and has useful features like the ability to automatically detect video conference URLs (it supports Google Meet, Zoom and Bluejeans), allowing you to click on a meeting to join it. The application also shows the document links attached to the current meeting.

    • Distributions

      • New Releases

        • Deepin Linux 20.3 Is Out With Linux Kernel 5.15 LTS

          Deepin Linux 20.3 is now official as you can now download the latest version of Deepin Linux. One of the exciting features that you will see in Deepin Linux 20.3 is its kernel as it is powered by Linux Kernel 5.15 LTS. Meanwhile, Linux kernel 5.10 LTS is kept as the default kernel in this release.

        • deepin 20.3

          Deepin is the top Linux distribution from China, devoted to providing a beautiful, easy-to-use, safe, and reliable operating system for global users. (Global Ranking)

          In deepin 20.3, the Stable kernel is upgraded to version 5.15 with better compatibility, system security vulnerabilities are fixed, some deepin applications come with new features and optimizations to meet the needs under different scenarios, and DDE issues are fixed and optimized to improve the overall user experience.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Breaking away: Making time for UX innovation with breakaway sprints

          As a user experience (UX) professional, do you ever get a little too comfortable in your product group bubble? Do you yearn to pursue an idea for a project or process improvement, but lack the time to do so? Are you missing an opportunity to engage with folks on projects outside your day-to-day tasks?

          From time to time, we’ve felt this way here on Red Hat’s User Experience Design (UXD) team for Red Hat Cloud Services. As a team of 22 people spread across various UX disciplines—research, design, content design, and front-end development—we often find ourselves engaging with many of the same people in the same product area every day as we focus on tasks and milestones.

          Recently, our team lead suggested we step away from our usual work and try out some new projects with different people by engaging in a three-week innovation or “breakaway” sprint.

          This wasn’t easy, but it was well worth it—so much so that we want to spread the word to other UX folks like you who might be looking for a way to expose your team members to new experiences, help them build skills, and infuse a bit of variety (and fun!) into their workday.

        • Build UBI containers in GitHub Actions with Buildah and Podman [Ed: IBM/Red Hat shilling Microsoft's proprietary software and surveillance]
        • A faster way to access JDK Flight Recorder data

          This article introduces a special rule definition in Cryostat 2.0 that lets you access JDK Flight Recorder (JFR) data on the fly, without waiting for your application’s normally scheduled archive process. We’ll introduce Cryostat’s new POST rule definition and show you how to use it to quickly diagnose performance problems in containerized applications running on Kubernetes and Red Hat OpenShift.

        • 8 tech and leadership podcasts to add to your playlist | The Enterprisers Project

          Thank goodness we live in the golden age of podcasts.

          With fewer of us traveling to in-person events and conferences and less time available to connect with our IT peers, these audio gems can give us a bit of what we’re missing. Whether it’s hearing from fellow CIOs about their victories and losses, keeping tabs on the last trends in technology-enabled innovation, or learning from some of the leadership greats, these eight podcasts offer aural opportunities for IT leaders seeking education, entertainment, and connection.

        • Digital transformation: 4 IT leaders share how they fight change fatigue

          One of the hardest aspects of digital transformation is that it’s never truly “done.” Being in a state of constant change and disruption can take a serious toll on employee motivation, causing fatigue, distrust, and burnout.

          We asked CIOs who recently took home a 2021 CIO of the Year ORBIE Award how they are avoiding transformation fatigue on their teams. The awards were presented by the Charlotte CIO Leadership Association and the Michigan CIO Leadership Association, professional communities that annually recognize CIOs for their excellence in technology leadership.

          Read on for advice that can help you keep up the pace of transformation, while keeping people motivated and connected to meaningful work.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • Cloud-optimized Linux kernels – what makes Ubuntu the top OS across the clouds | Ubuntu

          Ubuntu is the platform of choice for deploying and running workloads on public clouds. No other operating system gives you better performance and consistency of experience across public clouds, including Amazon, Azure, Google, IBM and Oracle. There is a reason behind this exceptional experience. By design, Ubuntu images in public clouds include an optimized Linux kernel for each cloud, giving you the best performance and functionality across all instance types and services. At the same time, Ubuntu integrates with cloud-native tooling, enabling you to manage your fleet from the cloud’s dashboards.

          How do these cloud-specific kernel optimizations actually look in practice? Let’s do a deep dive on the optimizations Ubuntu enables on public clouds.

        • Meet Canonical at Cloud Expo Europe Frankfurt 2021 | Ubuntu

          The leading fair in London, Paris, Frankfurt and Singapore will open the doors to C-level experts and executives in Frankfurt. Canonical will be attending as a Gold Sponsor, presenting strategies and trends for industry leading companies.

        • The Fridge: Ubuntu Weekly Newsletter Issue 710

          Welcome to the Ubuntu Weekly Newsletter, Issue 710 for the week of November 14 – 20, 2021.

        • Canonical at RISC-V Summit 2021 | Ubuntu

          RISC-V Summit is an annual conference that showcases the power that open collaboration can have on the processor industry. This year, the event is taking place in San Francisco and virtually on December 6-8th and is co-located with the Design Automation Conference and SEMICON West.

          Canonical is a proud bronze sponsor of the RISC-V Summit. Make sure to visit our physical or virtual booth for engaging conversations on the power of open source technology!

        • Observability vs. monitoring debate: An irreverent view | Ubuntu

          In the past few years, the word “observability” has steadily gained traction in the discussions around monitoring, DevOps, and, especially, cloud-native computing. However, there is significant confusion about the overlap or difference between observability and monitoring. Instead of providing yet another definition of “What is observability” and “Is observability different from monitoring and why” (you can read what I think about it on the What is observability page), I thought I would have a look at what the rest of the Internet seems to think about it. In this post, I’ll provide a few data points around observability and monitoring based on search term trends, social media, and various blog posts, and argue that the debate around observability vs. monitoring is, at best, poorly understood.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Register for Ohio LinuxFest 2021 – Linux.com

        The Ohio LinuxFest is re-emerging as we reboot Open Libre Free Conference as a hybrid event. Re-emergence can mean simply reopening our non-profit for in-person operation. But to us, it is an invitation to reconsider how you use, experience, modify, and distribute technology in the new economy.

      • Two days at the Open Source Experience – Le blog d’Emmanuel

        I was at the Open Source Experience event in Paris, France last week.

        While it was nice to see friends from the FLOSS community, it did feel that the general public decided to stay away, probably because Covid cases are on the rise in France again. I was manning a Perl booth but used the fact that we were 4 people to wander again and ask vendors if they would be willing to support their applications in Fedora. As you can probably guess, results were mixed…

      • PostgreSQL

        • PostgreSQL: PGConf NYC 2021 is in just two weeks!

          The first community PostgreSQL conference in North America in many months is coming to New York City in just two weeks! PGConf NYC is a non-profit, community-run and PostgreSQL community recognized conference being run by the United States PostgreSQL Association (PgUS).

          Our schedule is up, the deadline for booking your hotel room is this FRIDAY, November 19th, and it’s time to get registered and confirm you have your ticket for this great event!

          PGConf NYC delivers two days packed with presentations about PostgreSQL and related technologies, as well as the usual hallway and social track. PGConf NYC is being held December 2nd and 3rd, 2021 in New York City.

        • PostgreSQL: PostgreSQL Weekly News – November 21, 2021

          PGroonga 2.3.4 a full text search platform for all languages, released.

          Pgpool-II 4.2.6, 4.1.9, 4.0.16, 3.7.21 and 3.6.28, a connection pooler and statement replication system for PostgreSQL, re l ea s ed.

          Ora2Pg 23.0, a tool for migrating Oracle databases to PostgreSQL, released. https://github.com/darold/ora2pg/blob/master/changelog

          BigAnimal, a managed PostgreSQL database on Azure, released.

          pgAdmin4 6.2, a web- and native GUI control center for PostgreSQL, released.

      • Education

        • Top 5 Best Open-Source eLearning Platforms for Linux System

          Learning is all about how much you can get to learn from any source, how better the medium/platform is for you, and how much you’re compatible with the medium. In this era, eLearning is not a myth or a dream anymore. Thousands of courses are available on the web that you can grab from different eLearning platforms. In the entire post, we have gone through a few most used and intuitive online eLearning platforms that you can run on your Linux machine.

      • FSFE

        • 20 Years FSFE: Interview with Nico Rikken on country teams’ activities

          I do remember most of my ‘firsts’ I had with the FSFE. Strictly my first contact was reading the FSFE website and becoming a Fellow (the construct at that time). But after this quite formal arrangement I was looking for more informal contact and a feeling of community. So I still have good memories how Felix Stegerman, then Deputy Coordinator Netherlands, invited me to the Linux Nijmegen User Group to get to know each other and learn more about the FSFE. Up until that evening my efforts in Free Software were a solo effort and that changed in that evening. I became part of a larger community of like-minded people, thanks to Felix.

      • FSF

        • GNU Projects

        • Licensing/Legal

          • Open Source Compliance for SaaS Vendors [Ed: She means Free software, not Open Source]

            A pure end user of code cannot incur liability for violating an open source license. Open source licenses can be violated only by re-distributing software — or in the case of network licenses like AGPL, by modifying it and making it available to others as a service. In fact, GPL2 specifically says “Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are not covered by this License; they are outside its scope. The act of running the Program is not restricted.”

            In contrast, if the vendor is distributing software to a customer for the customer to provide its own SaaS to others, customary open source diligence is appropriate. But this isn’t a SaaS deal, of course. It’s a distribution deal.

            So, end user customers of SaaS need not conduct diligence into open source licensing issues. If, for example, the SaaS vendor is using modified AGPL code to provide its service to the customer, then the customer may have a right to receive source code from the vendor. But that is a benefit, not a problem. In other words, the purpose of due diligence is to reduce the user’s risk, so even AGPL is not the user’s issue.

      • Programming/Development

        • Intel Graphics Compiler 1.0.9289 Released As A Huge Update – Phoronix

          Intel just released IGC 1.0.9289 as a huge update to their open-source Graphics Compiler used on Linux currently by their OpenCL/oneAPI Level Zero compute stack and also by Windows with their official driver.

          The LLVM-based Intel Graphics Compiler has been maturing well over the past few years since its original introduction as part of their OpenCL “NEO” driver on Linux. Intel has even begun using IGC on Windows within their widely-used driver stack there while Intel’s Mesa OpenGL/Vulkan drivers may eventually transition to using IGC too for having a unified graphics compiler across targets.

        • Perl/Raku

          • Rakudo Weekly News: 2021.47 David H. Adler RIP

            This week brought the sad news that David H. Adler has passed away. David had many hobbies, in which he all excelled (like knowledge about Monty Python, Doctor Who, really, really bad movies, to name but a few of them). The Perl / Raku community was only one of the communities he was part of.

            David was involved in the very early Raku development process. More recently, he was involved in documenting various features of the Raku Programming Language. Attending many Perl and related Open Source Conferences, he was a familiar sight and a good person to spend time with (many pictures). He is sorely missed (FaceBook, /r/perl, blogs.perl.org, presentation from 2016).

        • Python

          • Python 3.11 new and deprecated Features – NextGenTips

            Python 3.11 has just been released, we can explore the new features which had been added and removed from the previous release.

            Python programming language is an interpreted high-level general-purpose programming language. Its design philosophy emphasizes code readability with its use of significant code indentation.

          • How to work with Jupyter Notebooks in PyCharm

            If you are someone in the field of Computer Science, chances are you’re a little familiar with Python. As this high-level, general-purpose programming language is rising in popularity, its strengths and impact are becoming more and more prominent. New developers want to delve into data analytics possible with Python’s elite data visualization and analysis tools.

            Python is Significant in the World of Programming

            According to a survey done by JetBrains, “Python is the primary language used by 84% of programmers. Furthermore, almost 58% of developers use Python for data analysis, while 52% use it for web development. The use of Python for DevOps, machine learning, and web crawling or web scraping follow close behind along with a multitude of other uses.”

    • Standards/Consortia

      • [ANNOUNCE] wayland-protocols 1.24
        wayland-protocols 1.24 is now available.
        
        This release adds feedback to the DMA buffer protocol, allowing smarter and
        more dynamic DMA buffer allocation semantics. Other changes include
        documentation improvements and improved testing infrastructure.
        
        This is also the first release of wayland-protocols that do not include a
        autotools build description.
        
      • Wayland Protocols 1.24 Released With Improvement To DMA-BUF Protocol For Multi-GPUs – Phoronix

        Wayland Protocols 1.24 is out today as the latest revision to this official collection of the Wayland protocols/specifications. Notable with the 1.24 revision is the introduction of wp_linux_dmabuf_feedback.

        Added initially as an “unstable” addition for Wayland-Protocols 1.24 is wp_linux_dmabuf_feedback as the “feedback” addition to the Linux DMA-BUF protocol. This is particularly useful for modern multi-GPU setups where needing to know about the GPU device in use by the compositor and the semantics around it such as if using the secondary GPU that DMA-BUF can still exchange buffers with the main GPU and in a compatible format.

      • Excellent Free Tutorials to Learn CSS – LinuxLinks

        Web pages are built with HTML, which specifies the content of a page. CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is a separate language which specifies a page’s appearance.

        CSS code is made of static rules. Each rule takes one or more selectors and gives specific values to a number of visual properties. Those properties are then applied to the page elements indicated by the selectors.

        Here’s our recommended tutorials to learn CSS.

  • Leftovers

    • Science

      • Blue Origin Rolls Out Test Article For Next-Gen Rocket | Hackaday

        By any metric you care to use, this is a very exciting time for America’s space program. NASA is refocusing their efforts towards the Moon and beyond, SpaceX is launching routine crew and cargo flights to the International Space Station with reusable rockets, and if you’ve got deep enough pockets, there are now multiple companies offering suborbital pleasure trips requiring little more than a few hours worth of training. It’s taken longer than many people had hoped, but it seems we’re finally making the confident strides necessary to truly utilize space’s vast resources.

        But things are just getting started. A new generation of massive reusable rockets are currently being developed, which promise to make access to space cheaper and faster than ever before. We’ve seen quite a bit of SpaceX’s Starship, thanks in no small part to the dramatic test flights that the media-savvy company has been regularly live streaming to YouTube. But Blue Origin, founded by Amazon’s Jeff Bezos, has been far more secretive about their New Glenn. That is, until now.

      • PFAS: The Organofluorines Your Biochemist Warned You About | Hackaday

        Sometimes it begins to feel like a tradition that a certain substance or group of substances become highly popular due to certain highly desirable chemical or physical properties, only for these chemicals then to go on to turn out to form a hazard to the biosphere, human life, or both. In the case of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) it’s no different. Upon the discovery that a subgroup of these -the fluorosurfactants – have the ability to reduce water surface tension significantly more than other surfactants, they began to be used everywhere.

        Today, fluorosurfactants are being used in everything from stain repellents to paint, make-up, and foam used by firefighters. In a recent study of 231 cosmetic products bought in the US and Canada (Whitehead et al., 2021), it was found that all of them contained PFAS, even when not listed on the packaging. The problematic part here is that PFASs are very stable, do not decay after disposal, and bioaccumulate in the body where they may have endocrine-disrupting effects.

    • Hardware

      • Visualizing WiFi With A Converted 3D Printer | Hackaday

        We all know we live in a soup of electromagnetic radiation, everything from AM radio broadcasts to cosmic rays. Some of it is useful, some is a nuisance, but all of it is invisible. We know it’s there, but we have no idea what the fields look like. Unless you put something like this 3D WiFi field strength visualizer to work, of course.

      • A PDP 11 By Any Other Name: Heathkit H11 Teardown And Repair | Hackaday

        [Lee Adamson] is no stranger to classic computers. He recently picked up a Heathkit H11A which, as you might remember, is actually a PDP-11 from DEC. Well, technically, it is an LSI-11 but still. Like a proper LSI-11, the computer uses the DEC QBus. Unlike a lot of computers of its day, the H11 didn’t have a lot of switches and lights, but it did have an amazing software library for its day.

        [Lee] takes us through a tour of all the different cards inside the thing. It is amazing when you think of today’s laptop motherboards that pack way more into a much smaller space. He also had to fix the power supply.

      • Ender 3 Meets MIG Welder To Make A Metal Benchy — Kind Of | Hackaday

        When you can buy a 3D printer at Aldi, you pretty much know that 3D printing has been reduced to practice. At least for the plastic version of 3D printing; metal printing is another thing entirely. It’s easy to squeeze out a little molten plastic in a controlled fashion, but things get a little more — energetic — when you try to do the same with metal.

        At least that’s what [Lucas] has been experiencing with his attempts to build a metal 3D printer over on his Cranktown City YouTube channel. Granted, he set himself up for a challenge from the get-go by seeking to stick a MIG welder onto an Ender 3, a platform that in no way was ready for the abuse it was about to endure. Part 1 of the video series below shows the first attempt, which ended badly for both the printer and for the prints.

      • Retrotechtacular: Office Equipment From The 1940s | Hackaday

        If you can’t imagine writing a letter on a typewriter and putting it in a mailbox, then you take computers for granted. But that’s just the tip of the iceberg. More niche applications begat niche machines, and a number of them are on display in this film that the Computer History Archives Project released last month. Aside from the File-o-matic Desk, the Addressograph, or the Sound Scriber, there a number of other devices that give us a peek into a bygone era.

        [...]

        I recognized, and actually used a few of the items featured in this film. My father’s workplace, where I would sometimes hang out after school, had a few of these machines back in the 1970s. The most spectacular was the Addressograph system, used to prepare mailings for newsletters, post cards, etc. It was basically a mechanical database. Each person was represented by a special card, prepared by a Graphotype machine, a specialized typewriter that embosses text on small metal plates, not unlike a dog-tag. The card was actually a frame, which held the embossed plate, a piece of card stock with the information typed by conventional means, and a series of slots along the top of the card which could hold metal tabs. These tabs denoted different user-defined categories. In an engineering company, for example, you could designate tab positions for each department, for each building, for each project team, etc. The entire company roster is now contained in one or more filing drawers, each about the size of an old-fashioned library card catalog drawer.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Security

          • Security updates for Tuesday [LWN.net]

            Security updates have been issued by Debian (mbedtls), Red Hat (kernel and rpm), and Ubuntu (freerdp2).

          • Over a million WordPress sites breached | ZDNet

            WordPress is far more than just blogs. It powers over 42% of all websites. So whenever there’s a WordPress security failure, it’s a big deal. And now GoDaddy, which is the top global web hosting firm with tens of millions more sites than its competition, reports that data on 1.2 million of its WordPress customers has been exposed.

    • Misinformation/Disinformation

      • It’s time for the European Commission to dismantle disinformation

        As the EU is launching a legislative proposal on the transparency of sponsored political content, Access Now, the Civil Liberties Union for Europe, and EDRi are laying out a set of recommendations to help the European Commission effectively minimize the negative impact of disinformation sweeping Europe.

        “Europe already has many of the rules needed to quash the spread of dangerous disinformation,” said Eliška Pírková, Europe Policy Analyst at Access Now. “They simply need proper enforcement. We also have the resources and experience to draft new legislation that will fill the gaps — starting with targeted advertising.”

      • Policy recommendations on tackling disinformation [PDF]

        In this paper, Access Now, the Civil Liberties Union for Europe, and EDRi lay out out a set of recommendations to help the European Commission effectively minimize the negative impact of disinformation sweeping Europe.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • Microsoft Shareholder Resolutions – Facial Recognition, Pay Equity, Sexual Harassment, and more

        Microsoft’s annual shareholder meeting is coming up, and the proxy statements include five excellent shareholder resolutions. One of them is on a topic I’ve written a lot about here: prohibiting sales of facial recognition technology to governments. Unsurprisingly, I support it! As Councilmember Jeanne Kohl-Welles and Jennifer Lee of ACLU of Washington said earlier this year in King County government must turn its back on facial recognition technology

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • Burkina Faso Internet Shutdown Curtails Information, Draws Criticism

        Following days of protests opposing French military involvement in counter-terrorism efforts and a spike in militant attacks, internet shutdown continues for third day

      • Whither net neutrality? On the urgent need to implement the TRAI’s recommendations on net neutrality

        The fight for net neutrality is not over, yet. In September 2020, TRAI forwarded a set of recommendations to the Department of Telecommunications(DoT) regarding the enforcement of net neutrality principles by Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and telecom networks, which included the establishment of an independent Multi Stakeholder Body (MSB) to play an advisory and a regulatory role over the ISPs, by overseeing the Traffic Management Practices (TMP) by the ISPs. More than a year and several representations later, these recommendations have still not been implemented. We wrote to the Minister for Telecommunications, Ashwini Vaishnaw to highlight the lack of implementation of TRAI’s recommendations by the DoT despite our repeated efforts.

        [...]

        As per TRAI’s recommendations, the creation of a MSB is essential to safeguard citizens’ rights to access to the internet and it requires further support from DoT for its meaningful implementation. Managing the TMPs and updating them continually requires a framework, regulated by a functionally independent MSB, which would have agility and would be able to react fast and evolve with the changes in time, technology, services and other factors, without falling prey to industry capture. The MSB will also be responsible for enforcing standards for technical and operational procedures for monitoring and enforcement of Net Neutrality. Further, an inclusive MSB will effectively raise institutional capacity within the state to catch and punish net neutrality violations.

        The need for a strong and independent MSB is further illustrated by the repeated instances of licensees discriminating against certain types of internet content and blocking it with impunity. These instances conform with observations from a larger study published by the Centre for Internet and Society on January 17th, 2020, wherein they found that the website blocklists of licensed internet service providers (ISPs) across India are widely inconsistent with one another, suggesting that a larger pattern wherein internet providers are either a) not complying with blocking orders or b) arbitrarily blocking websites without legal orders. Any blocks which occur without legal orders are a clear violation of Net Neutrality principles now codified within the User Agreement License terms. In order to strictly enforce net neutrality, a strong and independent MSB is of crucial importance.

        [...]

        Earlier this year, DoT had exhibited hesitancy towards instituting a MSB . We had learnt, in response to an Right to Information request filed with them, that DoT has requested TRAI to reconsider their recommendations, and had cited COVID-19 related budgetary concerns and other feasibility concerns related to the implementation of MSB, among reasons for lack of establishment of an MSB.

        However, these constraints no longer apply as the Ministry of Finance on September 24th, 2021 has removed the expenditure curbs that were imposed on various Ministries/Departments, including the DoT, for the July-September quarter.

        Thus, we have requested Minister of Communications Ashwini Vaishnaw to operationalize the TRAI’s recommendations at the earliest, especially by establishing the multistakeholder body as recommended by TRAI. The recommendations from TRAI come at an opportune time to avert the massive damages caused by internet shutdowns upon the fundamental rights as well as the economic opportunities of the citizens. It now remains up to DoT to take this fight to its logical conclusion and act on the recommendations decisively in order to assist in public advocacy for vital information.

      • When the internet goes dark – New Statesman

        The shutdown began for journalist Shams Irfan on 16 October 2019. Irfan lives in Pampore, a town known for growing saffron and being near to Srinagar, the traditional summer capital of the Indian-administered territory of Jammu and Kashmir, which is part of the wider Kashmir region. A few days before, there had been a gun battle between Kashmiri rebels and Indian security forces in which two rebels died, he says. “As it is a norm now, if there is a gunfight in any area, the first thing that is shut is the internet.” Usually, service is fully restored in around three days, but this time that did not happen.

        “I started noticing a pattern; it was not shut randomly,” Irfan continues. The internet was down from 7.30am to 11am and then from 2.30pm to 10.30pm. He believes it is a “proper curtailment plan”. During earlier internet shutdowns there was usually a reason given by the authorities, he says, but this current pattern has left even journalists like him “clueless”. “What I came to know is that the same pattern is followed in many other areas across Kashmir,” he says.

        As of October this year, there have been 317 internet shutdowns in Kashmir since 2012, part of 548 across India in the same period, contributing to a collapse in media freedoms. Governments are increasingly turning to internet shutdowns to control the spread of information often connected to political instability. The estimated cost to the global economy was $8bn in 2019.

        Shutdowns are also becoming more sophisticated and targeted. “No longer does a regime have to plunge a whole nation into darkness – it can lock onto a certain group of people it determines as a threat and disconnect them from each other and the rest of the world,” says Felicia Anthonio, a campaigner at Access Now, a digital rights NGO.

    • Monopolies

      • Copyrights

        • Joseph Perry’s Medical Illustrations of Miscarriage (1834) – The Public Domain Review

          On an unrecorded day in 1827, a woman in the first trimester of pregnancy suffered her sixth, perhaps seventh miscarriage. In the remarks written on her case, it is said that she endured three premature losses for every two successful pregnancies, and “her general health was greatly impaired” in the process. Most likely, she labored between her sweat-soaked and blood-soiled bed sheets, with a midwife watching nearby. Maybe it was a warm morning, in a small home where the walls grew slick with condensation. Heavy breathing and humidity. Maybe the breath was hers, hurried, alongside that of several children huddled outside in the hallway. Maybe her husband kept as close as he could, grave with concern. Or maybe, after so many consecutive losses, he was left feeling almost unfazed. One thing is certain, the woman and the midwife went about their painful work. And when, with a final push, the gestational sac, embryo, and placenta were passed, the midwife promptly collected them and took leave. She hurried through the streets of London until she reached the workplace of the Italian doctor and author, Augustus Bozzi Granville (1783–1872). In the midst of perfecting his book, Graphic Illustrations of Abortion and Diseases of Menstruation, Granville summoned his engraver, Joseph Perry, to perpetuate these particular tissues of miscarriage in detailed, undiminished lithographic color. It now bears the title: Plate 2, Figure 12.

« Previous Page« Previous entries « Previous Page · Next Page » Next entries »Next Page »

Further Recent Posts

RSS 64x64RSS Feed: subscribe to the RSS feed for regular updates

Home iconSite Wiki: You can improve this site by helping the extension of the site's content

Home iconSite Home: Background about the site and some key features in the front page

Chat iconIRC Channels: Come and chat with us in real time

New to This Site? Here Are Some Introductory Resources

No

Mono

ODF

Samba logo






We support

End software patents

GPLv3

GNU project

BLAG

EFF bloggers

Comcast is Blocktastic? SavetheInternet.com



Recent Posts