[Meme] Warning – Tree Felling in Progress

Posted in Europe, Patents at 8:39 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz


Summary: Warming up for our next EPO series

Links 19/9/2021: Sparky 2021.09, Whisker Menu 2.6.0, HarfBuzz 3.0, and gThumb 3.12

Posted in News Roundup at 6:31 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Linux Weekly Roundup #148

      We had a busy week in the world of Linux Releases with Bluestar Linux 5.14.2, Manjaro 21.1.3, Ubuntu 18.04.6. and SparkyLinux 2021.09. Kdenlive 5.23 Beta, has also been released.

      As I mentioned last week, we are closing in to the 150 release of this weekly roundup, and I plan, to celebrate it, a bit more background about me and how I started to use Linux in 2013. If it might be interesting for you?

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • That Didn’t Take Long: KSMBD In-Kernel File Server Already Needs Important Security Fix – Phoronix

        It was just a few weeks back that KSMBD was merged into Linux 5.15 while now it’s seeing its first important security fix.

        When KSMBD as an in-kernel SMB3 file server was first talked about, many expressed concerns in the name of security even though NFS exists within the kernel, etc. This weekend’s security vulnerability for KSMBD is an issue leading to files outside of the SMB3 file share being accessible to clients…

      • Linux 5.16 To Support Sensor Readings On More ASUS Motherboards – Phoronix

        With a change to the nct6775 hardware monitoring sensor driver, more ASUS motherboards should enjoy working sensor support come Linux 5.16.

        The changed queued up this week via the “HWMON” hardware monitoring subsystem’s “for-next” branch for Linux 5.16 allows the nct6775 driver to access the ASIC using ASUS WMI functions. The driver’s existing functionality doesn’t work on ASUS motherboards since ACPI marks the I/O port as used so instead the ASUS WMI functions will be used in such case.

      • Graphics Stack

        • An OpenCL frontend written in Rust is being developed for Mesa

          Red Hat’s Karol Herbst, who is involved in the development of Mesa, the Nouveau driver, and the OpenCL open stack, has published rusticl , an experimental software implementation of OpenCL (OpenCL frontend) for Mesa written in Rust. Rusticl acts as an analogue of the frontend already present in Mesa OpenCL Clover and is also developed using the interface provided in Mesa Gallium .

          The development was presented on September 17 at the conference XDC 2021 (X.Org Developers Conference). The goal of the development was to study Rust, work out the best ways to integrate Rust into Mesa, try out creating API implementations in another language, and test the compatibility of Rust components with the rest of the C code. Development is not yet fully completed – CL CTS tests related to copying, reading and writing buffers are already successfully running, but compiler integration is not yet provided and there is no support for external crate packages in the build system. To generate bindings for Mesa and OpenCL, allowing cause Rust-functions in C code and vice versa, is involved rust-bindgen .

    • Applications

      • The 7 Best RSS Feed Readers for Linux

        RSS or Really Simple Syndication is a web feed that keeps you up to date with the latest updates from your favorite websites on the internet. However, to read these feeds, you need what’s called an RSS reader.

        An RSS reader is a feed curator, which aggregates content from your favorite sources on the internet and organizes it into a digestible feed, so you don’t have to visit those sources manually to keep up with what’s new.

        If you’re on Linux, here are our picks for the best RSS feed reader apps you can use to improve your content consumption.

      • gThumb 3.12 Released with HEIF/HEIC & AVIF Image Support

        AVIF and HEIF images can now be opened and edited in gThumb, the open source photo manager for Linux desktops.

        The new gThumb 3.12 release includes the ability to load .avif, .heif (including Apple’s .heic) and .jxl images, as well as the ability to save images in the .avif format.

      • New tag management capabilities, usability improvements, and a bunch of fixes — Kalendar devlog 15 – Stuff I wrote down

        This week, we have once again included a big number of little UI changes that should make Kalendar easier to use and prettier to look at than ever.

        Building upon our tag work from last week, we have also made tags far more feature complete this week. Let’s take a look!

      • HarfBuzz 3.0 Released With Unicode 14.0 Support, More APIs Considered Stable – Phoronix

        HarfBuzz 3.0 has been released as a new version of this widely-used, open-source text shaping library that is used by the major Linux desktop environments along with Chrome OS, Java, Android, Chrome, and a plethora of other software projects and UI toolkits.

      • Whisker Menu 2.6.0 released

        Whisker Menu is an alternate application launcher for Xfce. When you open it you are shown a list of applications you have marked as favorites. You can browse through all of your installed applications by clicking on the category buttons on the side. Top level categories make browsing fast, and simple to switch between. Additionally, Whisker Menu keeps a list of the last ten applications that you’ve launched from it.

        Favorites are easy to add and reorder. When browsing through your applications, right-click on any of them and select “Add to Favorites”. Simply drag and drop your favorites list to arrange them to suit your needs. You can remove them at any time from another right-click option.

        If you’re not sure exactly where a program is listed, instead of browsing through each category you can simply enter a search term. The search field is focused when opening the menu, so you can just start typing. Application descriptions as well as names are searched, which allows you to find a program by using a general word (such as “browser” to find all web browsers installed on your computer).

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • The Best Ways to Know Which Process Listening on a Specified Port

        A port is a communication endpoint. At the software level, within an operating system, a port is a logical construct that identifies a specific process or a type of network service. A port is identified for each transport protocol and address combination by a 16-bit unsigned number, known as the port number. The most common transport protocols that use port numbers are the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and the User Datagram Protocol (UDP).

        Also port is a logical entity that represents an endpoint of communication and is associated with a given process or service in an operating system. In previous articles, we explained how to find out the list of all open ports in Linux and how to check if remote ports are reachable using the Netcat command.

      • How to install Skype on Linux Lite 5.4 – Invidious [Ed: Microsoft turned it into NSA spyware by changing the topology]

        In this video, we are looking at how to install Skype on Linux Lite 5.4. Enjoy!

      • Ventoy: How to Create a Multiboot USB Drive with Multiple ISO Files

        With Ventoy, you don’t need to format the USB drive for each new installation, you just need to copy the ISO file to the USB drive and boot it.

        Whenever you want to try a new Linux distribution, you download the ISO image from the distributions website and write this to your USB flash drive using the dd command or with the help of some other tool, such as Balena Etcher.

      • Introduction to Ngrok: A Tutorial for Beginners

        If you are into web development, at times, you might have wondered how people on a different network can access your locally hosted website. Say you are developing a website for a client on your PC, and you want them to view it and track the progress without you having to host it online. If so, Ngrok is the perfect solution for you to do that.

        Ngrok is a dev tool to that allows you to expose a server running on your local machine to the internet. In this tutorial we’ll go through how to use the Ngrok utility from installation to deploying an HTML or a React JS website, on a Linux machine.

      • Creating Quality Backtraces for Crash Reports – Michael Catanzaro’s Blog

        Hello Linux users! Help developers help you: include a quality backtraces taken with gdb each and every time you create an issue report for a crash. If you don’t, most developers will request that you provide a backtrace, then ignore your issue until you manage to figure out how to do so. Save us the trouble and just provide the backtrace with your initial report, so everything goes smoother. (Backtraces are often called “stack traces.” They are the same thing.)

        Don’t just copy the lower-quality backtrace you see in your system journal into your issue report. That’s a lot better than nothing, but if you really want the crash to be fixed, you should provide the developers with a higher-quality backtrace from gdb. Don’t know how to get a quality backtrace with gdb? Read on.

      • Set up Virtual Box on top of Server F35 (pre release) via rpmfusion (VENV)

        First I’ve installed the most recent nightly build of Fedora 35 Server on Fedora 34 Bare metal KVM Virthost as Guest OS with “Fedora Workstation” desktop, like virtual machine seating on the Linux bridge been created via Web Cockpit Console. When done issued the following set of commands on F35 Guest…

      • Feeding Dinosaurs: Keeping Ancient HP LaserJets alive

        The world’s first laser printer was built by Gary Starkweather at Xerox PARC in 1971, hooking up a Xerox photocopier and an early Xerox computer. The first commercial laser printers were huge data-center-scale monsters, the IBM 3800 and the Xerox 9700. It took most of a decade, and the crossover from cameras to computers by Canon, for the laser printer to become affordable for home and small…

      • Using RADIUS For WLAN Authentication, Part II – Wi-FiPlanet.com

        There’s a lot of RADIUS options, from doing it yourself, to skipping it, to outsourcing. We invesitigate them all and put a focus on what it takes to outsource with a service like WSC Guard.


        Install an Open Source RADIUS Server: If you’re not a Windows shop and have a penchant for breaking your knuckles on open source code, you may want to check out FreeRADIUS. This 802.1X-capable open source Server is still beta code, so caveat emptor. To go this route, you’ll need spare time, UN*X know-how, and a box running Linux, Free or OpenBSD, OSF/Unix, or Solaris to host your Server.

      • IPRoyal Proxy Testing: How It Works

        A proxy is an essential tool for online privacy and security. But not every proxy is created equal, and not all offer the same protections. How can you distinguish a high-quality proxy from standard mediocrity? It’s critical to examine your proxy to ensure that you’re getting the performance and security that you expect.

        This article will delve into the details of proxy testing and how to verify that your proxy is up to the task of keeping you safe.

      • Here’s how to boot Microsoft’s own Linux distribution: CBL-Mariner [Ed: Why would anyone want Microsoft in control of one's Linux?]
      • How to install Rocky Linux 8 on Amazon AWS Ec2 Instance – Linux Shout

        Rocky Linux 8 is the latest Linux operating system to replace CentOS 8 but with long-term support that has been dropped by its parent company RedHat. Hence, if you are an Amazon cloud user and want to start with Rocky Linux then here are the steps to install it on AWS Ec2 Instance.

      • How to tweet from the Linux Command Line

        Today there are many Twitter clients available for Ubuntu, but if you are someone who prefers to use a CLI to view and share tweets from Ubuntu , this article is for you.

        Using the terminal makes certain tasks more efficient and even faster than a graphical interface. This is because the command line tools do not use too many resources , making them a great alternative to graphical applications, especially if you use older hardware.

        You will see below how any user can tweet directly from the Ubuntu command line through the Rainbow Stream application. In order to carry out the whole process, you will learn how to install the application by giving it access to use your Twitter account before starting to tweet through it.

      • How To Install Apache Flink on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Apache Flink on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Apache Flink is a framework and distributed processing engine for stateful computations over unbounded and bounded data streams. Flink has been designed to run in all common cluster environments, perform computations at in-memory speed and at any scale. Apache Flink provides data-source and sink connectors to systems such as Amazon Kinesis, Apache Kafka, Alluxio, HDFS, Apache Cassandra, and ElasticSearch where Apache Flink does not provide its own data-storage system.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Apache Flink on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

    • Games

      • SB Game Hacker APK Download 2021 – #1 Game Hacker App

        The best source of entertainment these days are Android games since we have moved on streaming web series season one by one. These series are endless and the drawback is that we need to wait for a lot of time for the next one to show up. What we love about these games is their petite size, unique privileges as well as and exclusive premium plan. We get addicted to these games once we begin playing. This is where SB Game Hacker APK download 2021 is useful for your phone.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • Testing and Download the KDE Plasma 5.23 Beta Desktop Environment

          A available beta version of the custom Plasma 5.23 shell is for testing. You can test the new release through the Live build from the openSUSE project and the build from the project KDE Neon Testing edition . Packages for various distributions can be found on this page . The release is expected on October 12th.

        • Spyware: KDE Plasma, like Gnome, the anti-FOSS eye-candy blackmail

          The terminology used by such corporations is very deceptive on its own. Spying on the user and collecting data without really his conscious consent, is just spying. Whether you call it telemetry, or user feedback, or kuserfeedback-1.0.0, it is still spying. The software that is written for spying is called spyware. ms-Windows users pay dearly to other spyware sellers to clean their machines from spyware. While you are at it, looking at the source, also take a look at Ksystemstats as well.

          So what distributions promote and co-sign the safety of using free open software that are spyware?

          Better ask which distributions DON’T and will come out saying it that they condemn such practices and the use of such software.

          Why is this so important? Why is it that you, or anyone else, gave up on closed source non-free non-libre software to come to Linux or BSD, or Solaris, ot any unix?

          Exactly! This crap doesn’t belong in linux or any computer. If you volunteer to provide your data or report a bug with your own intention and choice, that is different, than some sub-system in the background copying and feeding your data to some datacenter KDE/plasma has setup to do data-mining.

          Alternatively someone can criticize us being superficial and hypocritical, because KDE has the decency to advertise they are officially doing this, while others are doing it secretly. We are not all knowing all catching of all problems and issues on FOSS, we report on what we find important.

    • Distributions

      • 12 Best alternatives to replace Windows 10 to some extent

        It is undeniable that Windows 10 captures the largest market for operating systems in computer users. But if you’re considering getting windows 10 then you need to also consider other alternatives which also give a good user experience and an easy-to-access interface. Below is the list of best alternatives to Windows 10.

      • Arch Family

        • The 8 Best Arch-Based Linux Distributions

          Arch Linux’s flexibility and customization options make it a primary choice of an operating system for Linux users. The performance-boosting features of Arch make it an absolute delight for the end-users.

          If you are battling with Arch’s complex installation procedure, you can always delve deeper into how Arch-based distros work and then take it on from there.

          Here are a few top choices of Linux distros for Arch lovers who want to make the most out of this flexible operating system.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

      • Debian Family

        • Sparky 2021.09

          Sparky 2021.09 of the (semi-)rolling line is out; it is based on Debian testing “Bookworm”.

          – repositories set to Debian “Bookworm” and Sparky “Orion Belt”
          – all packages updated as of September 17, 2021
          – new backgrounds: desktop, login manager, plymouth & boot screen, etc.
          – Linux kernel 5.10.46 (5.14.6 & 5.15-rc1 in Sparky unstable repos)
          – GCC 10 still as default, but GCC 11 is also installed
          – no more Sparky Advanced Installed GUI; the Advanced installer works in text mode only now; the first window lets you choose the standard version of the installer or DEV version with disk encryption and LVM support;
          – ‘sparky-upgrade’ text based tool is also preinstalled in CLI iso
          – packages removed from iso: mc, gparted
          – new package installed: lfm
          – Calamares 3.2.43

        • SparkyLinux 2021.09 Rolling Paves the Way for Debian Bookworm-Based SparkyLinux 7 “Orion Belt”

          SparkyLinux 2021.09 is the first release in the semi-rolling line to move to the new upstream Debian Testing repositories, which are now prepared for the next major release of one of the oldest and most acclaimed GNU/Linux distributions, Debian GNU/Linux 12 “Bookworm.”

          As such, SparkyLinux 2021.09 is here to pave the way for the next major stable series of the Debian-based distro, SparkyLinux 7.0 “Orion Belt,” which will be based on the Debian GNU/Linux 12 “Bookworm” series.

        • Ben Hutchings: Debian LTS work, August 2021

          In August I was assigned 13.25 hours of work by Freexian’s Debian LTS initiative and carried over 6 hours from earlier months. I worked 1.25 hours and will carry over the remainder.

          I attended an LTS team meeting, and wrote my report for July 2021, but did not work on any updates.

        • SFSget improved and folder hierarchy reconsidered

          Just a short note, that I have been working on “sfsget”, the SFS downloader and installer. Various refinements, including much more aware of installing to the main desktop instead of as a container.
          This revamp was triggered with Chromium, which is not really suitable for running in a container. It has its own sandbox, which is effectively a container. Easy Containers are “crippled root” and the Chromium sandbox does not work in a container — it would be a sandbox-within-a-sandbox. So Chromium would have to run with “–no-sandbox” in a container.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • SaaS/Back End/Databases

        • SD Times news digest: Android for Cars App Library 1.1, MariaDB announces a technical preview of NoSQL listener capability, and Rezilion funding – SD Times

          MariaDB released the technical preview of the NoSQL listener capability to define a port and protocol pair that accept client connections to a service.

          “We’ve opened up a port on MaxScale to listen for traffic that contains NoSQL data that we then store and manage in a MariaDB database,” Rob Hedgpeth, Director, Developer Relations at MariaDB, wrote in a blog post.

          When the MongoDB client application issues MongoDB protocol commands, either directly or indirectly via the client library, they are transparently converted into the equivalent SQL and executed against the MariaDB backend. The MariaDB responses are then in turn converted into the format expected by the MongoDB client library and application.

      • FSF

        • GNU Projects

          • GIMP 2.10.28 Released! How to Install via PPA in Ubuntu 20.04

            GIMP announced the 2.10.28 release of the popular image editor. The release includes mainly bug-fixes and stability improvements.

            The source tarball of version 2.10.26 is available to download 2 weeks ago. Due to a build bug, the project team skipped it and announced GIMP 2.10.28 as the latest stable release with fixes.

          • Weekly recap — 19 September 2021

            This is a brown paper bag release: 2.10.26 was inadvertently released with a tiny annoying bug, so the team skipped that version entirely. Either way, if you are a Windows user, I definitely recommend upgrading.

            This version comes with a bunch of fixes for this platform, especially for cases when GIMP used to be slow with a network drive being temporarily unavailable (not GIMP’s fault, but rather a 3rd party component used by the program).

            In other news, GIMP 2.99.x now has a Preferences switch between various Windows APIs for graphic tablets support, thanks to Luca Bacci. Basically, this means support for more tablets. Oh, and Jehan’s patch to support cloning on multiple layers at once has been merged and will be part of 2.99.8, hopefully in the coming October.

      • Programming/Development

        • Rust

          • The future of Rust

            Despite its name, the Rust programming language has never looked so shiny and new. Way back in 2016, Stack Overflow’s annual survey of developers crowned Rust the “most loved” programming language. They voted their love again in 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, and 2021. Presumably, when 2022 rolls around, that devotion to Rust will persist.

        • Java

          • All the changes between JDK 11 and the Java 17 LTS release

            If you were to look at the features in Java 17, the most recent long-term support (LTS) release from Oracle, you’d probably be disappointed. There’s only 14 JDK enhancement proposals (JEP) included in the release, and none of them are particularly exciting. In fact, some of the JEPs are downright depressing, such as the deprecation of the Applet API for removal or the removal of the experimental AOT and JIT compilers.

            There are no ‘big bang’ JDK releases anymore. In the past, there would be a highly anticipated feature such as Java modules or Lambda expressions that would delay a release until the feature was complete. The Java world doesn’t work like that anymore. Releases now happen every six months. If a feature is complete, it goes into the release. If not, it gets targeted to the next release. But a new release happens every six months, and feature enhancements happen incrementally over time. So if you want to know what’s new in the latest LTS release, you really need to look over the various changes that were made and enhancements that were added between Java 11 and 17. Starting with Java 12, here is a list of them:

  • Leftovers

    • Integrity/Availability

    • Environment

    • Finance

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • Wait To Rule On Hirshfeld’s Arthrex Authority, Fed. Circ. Told

          The Federal Circuit should hold off on deciding whether acting U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Director Drew Hirshfeld has the authority to review Patent Trial and Appeal Board decisions, the agency said Wednesday, saying any challenge to its procedures was still “premature.”

          Earlier this month, Vilox Technologies Inc. urged the appeals court to remand a Patent Trial and Appeal Board ruling that invalidated a data display patent challenged by Unified Patents under the U.S. Supreme Court’s Arthrex ruling, which held that PTAB judges were unconstitutional and that giving the USPTO director the authority to review the board’s rulings fixes the problem….

        • How Koh might sway SEP law and cut backlogs at Ninth Circuit

          Seven IP lawyers say the judge from California’s northern district court would change the appellate venue for the better if her nomination went through, this time

        • European Biotech Patent Law Webinar [Ed: Giant patent litigation firm pushing for patents on life and nature in Europe]

          D Young & Co will be offering its next European biotech patent law update on September 21, 2021. The webinar will be offered at three times: 9:00 am, noon, and 5:00 pm (BST). D Young & Co European Patent Attorneys Simon O’Brien and Antony Latham will provide an update of new and important EPO biotechnology patent case law.

        • FCBA Remote Program on Gender Inequality Among Federal Circuit Advocates [Ed: Misusing feminism to make lobbyists [1, 2] seem beneficial or benign]

          The Federal Circuit Bar Association (FCBA) Rules, Nexgen, and Diversity Committees will be offering a remote program entitled “Gender Inequality Among Federal Circuit Advocates” on September 23, 2021 from 4:00 pm to 5:00 pm (ET). Jenny Wu of Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison LLP will moderate a panel consisting of Paul R. Gugliuzza and Rachel Rebouche of Temple University Beasley School of Law, Heidi Keefe of Cooley LLP, and Neema Kumar of Sandoz. The panel will discuss a recent empirical study regarding gender disparity among the advocates who appear before the Federal Circuit in its patent cases and discuss what can be done to improve diversity in patent litigation.

        • Program Commemorating 10th Anniversary of America Invents Act [Ed: This was a step in the right direction for the USPTO, but corrupt Trump with his longtime ally Iancu worked to sabotage this progress]

          The US*MADE Coalition and Alliance for Automotive Innovation will be hosting an in-person and virtual program “Honoring the 10th Anniversary of the America Invents Act” from 12:30 pm to 2:00 pm (ET) on September 22, 2021. The event will take place at the Ballroom at the Reserve Officers Association in Washington, DC.

        • Op Ed: Reflections on the American Invents Act on its Tenth Year Anniversary [Ed: So Michelle Lee now works for Jeff Bezos. Talk about revolving doors...]

          The America Invents Act (AIA), which passed on September 16, 2011, brought about some of the most significant changes to our patent system in over 50 years. The Act included an assortment of reforms from a transition to first inventor to file in the United States, the establishment of processes for third party challenges to granted patents at the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), the creation of the first regional offices of the USPTO, providing inventors the option for accelerated patent examination, and more.

          Many of the AIA reforms strengthened our patent system. For example, as a former Director of the USPTO, I cannot overstate the importance of the Agency’s ability to set its own fees and create an operating reserve. This enabled the USPTO to get through periods of government shutdown and to invest in longer-term initiatives such as much-needed information technology upgrades, hire more examiners to reduce the patent application backlog and provide additional training for examiners. The transition to a first inventor to file system was needed to harmonize the U.S. with the rest of the world. The establishment of the first regional offices of the USPTO made our intellectual property system more accessible to all, and of course, prioritized examination, allowing inventors to accelerate the examination of certain patents, makes business sense.

          After passage by Congress, the attention turned to the USPTO, and its massive effort to implement the AIA. Then-USPTO Director David Kappos and his dedicated team at the Agency worked hard to implement the AIA in view of numerous proposed rules, soliciting input from stakeholders along the way. By 2013, the USPTO had completed substantially most of the initial AIA rulemaking, including for the post-patent grant review proceedings.

          In 2015, I became Director of the USPTO, and the AIA changes had been in place for barely a few years. Leading the USPTO is a great honor that comes with a tremendous responsibility. As a result, I undertook as a priority to assess how these fledgling and complex reforms were going, and to make improvements where needed. Under my leadership, the USPTO continued to solicit feedback on the AIA reforms via numerous requests for comments to proposed rules and stakeholder engagements. This resulted in the implementation of multiple changes, including to the claim construction standard of soon-to-expire patents to be consistent with the (Phillips) standard used in district court litigation, submission of new testimonial evidence with a patent owner’s preliminary response, the addition of a Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 11-type certifications requiring a duty of candor in papers filed in AIA trials to prevent misuse of the proceedings, and more.

        • U.S. Says It Supports a Covid Vaccine Patent Waiver, But Document Reveals It Is Dragging Feet at WTO [Ed: Nations governed by patent cartels that willingly kill millions of people, needlessly, just to artificially inflate the prices of needles with juice in them]

          On September 14, the United States declined to support as-is a proposal at the World Trade Organization (WTO), put forward by South Africa and India in October 2020, to suspend key intellectual property rules that relate to the Covid-19 vaccine. While the United States expressed frustration about ​“lost momentum” around negotiations over the intellectual property waiver, global health advocates say they are disappointed that the Biden administration has declined to take an active role in pushing such negotiations forward.
          The developments come despite the Biden’s administration’s much lauded pledge that it supports waiving intellectual property rules for Covid-19 vaccines. ​“This is a global health crisis, and the extraordinary circumstances of the Covid-19 pandemic call for extraordinary measures,” U.S. Trade Representative Katherine Tai said on May 5. ​“The Administration believes strongly in intellectual property protections, but in service of ending this pandemic, supports the waiver of those protections for Covid-19 vaccines. We will actively participate in text-based negotiations at the World Trade Organization needed to make that happen.”

        • Design Patent Term: 3½, 7, 14, and now 15 years? [Ed: Zero. Design patents ought not exist at all. They’re already covered by trademarks.]

          New design patents have a term of 15 years from patent issuance — that is a 1 year bump from the 14 year term familiar to many patent attorneys. The straight 14-year term took hold in 1982. In the years leading up to 1982, most design patents also had a 14 year term, but applicants had the option of instead obtaining a term of 7 years or 3½ years at a lower fee. In 1980, all design patents had an application fee of $20, and the issuance fee was $10, $20, or $30, depending upon whether the applicant wanted 3½, 7, or 14 years of patent term. In 1930, the prices were $10, $15, and $20.

        • Software Patents

          • Dallas Invents: 143 Patents Granted for Week of Aug 31 [Ed: Lots of these are just bogus software patents which courts (or PTAB) would toss out]

            Dallas Invents is a weekly look at U.S. patents granted with a connection to the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington metro area. Listings include patents granted to local assignees and/or those with a North Texas inventor. Patent activity can be an indicator of future economic growth, as well as the development of emerging markets and talent attraction. By tracking both inventors and assignees in the region, we aim to provide a broader view of the region’s inventive activity. Listings are organized by Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC).

          • Parus Files Second Patent Lawsuit Against Apple for Infringement of its Proprietary Voice-Browsing and Device Control Technology
          • PTAB Affirms Patentability of Parus Claims

            Parus Holdings, Inc., a pioneer in voice-enabled technologies, is pleased to announce today that it has won an important victory against Apple in a patent dispute over its voice-user interface technologies for retrieving information. The Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office rejected in its entirety Apple’s attempt to invalidate key Parus patents.

      • Trademarks

        • Mariah Carey can’t sell ‘Black Irish’ in Ireland due to earlier patent [Ed: Fantastic example of the mischievous, lying "IP" crowd (litigation profiteers) leaving people totally incapable of telling the difference between patents and trademarks, which are very different]

          Singer Mariah Carey is not able to sell her new liquor, called Black Irish, in Ireland or the EU because the name has been previously patented by an Irish company.

          Carrie said the name was derived from her father, who is Black, and her mother’s Irish heritage.

          For more than a year, Carey’s Irish cream liqueur has sought to use the Black Irish name, but been barred because Darker Still Spirits, an Irish liquor company, owns the name Black Irish European.

          Richard Ryan, co-director of Darker Still, is critical of Carey’s continually trying to use the name.

EPO Management is Hiding Under the ‘Cloud’ While Violating Privacy Laws

Posted in Deception, Europe, Microsoft, Patents at 5:26 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link | md5sum 8ba68be0bc49f72049d0d1edbb9a3d61

Summary: Facing a barrage of scrutiny for outsourcing the EPO’s systems to Microsoft, the EPO has just arranged yet another expensive PR stunt, looking to somehow ‘normalise’ the unacceptable and the likely illegal

Earlier this year we published a long series about the EPO’s biggest privacy violation. See the last part with that series' index (“EPO Administrative Council Still Asleep at the Wheel”); this was hardly the first privacy scandal at the EPO because we’ve covered such scandals for years. The EPO is aware of a perceptual problem, so it keeps name-dropping ‘privacy’ and ‘data protection’ just like oil companies keep mentioning words like sustainable and renewable (greenwashing).

“We’ve currently aware of potential legal action over this matter; some greenwashing and buzzwords as headlines won’t weaken such lawsuits, but they can help change the media’s (or public) perception of any imppending/ongoing lawsuits.”Towards the end of last week the EPO reaffirmed its concern about the perception of privacy. It did a PR stunt, as explained in the video above.

We’re currently aware of potential legal action over this matter; some greenwashing and buzzwords (even as headlines!) won’t weaken such lawsuits, but they can help change the media’s (or public) perception of any imppending/ongoing lawsuits.

“They keep writing press releases about it and the supposed ‘media’ sometimes reprints every single word.”All this cloudwashing (outsourcing disguised as advancement) won’t impress privacy professionals, who look at underlying facts rather than pseudo-technical jargon. The EPO managers asking their provider on the subject is akin to a government accused of war crimes interviewing a bunch of mercenaries; the fact that the EPO is inviting other patent offices to this brainwash/marketing session is rather telling, especially considering the timing.

Days ago we wrote about Azure back/bug doors, which aren't a new problem. It’s part of the design. It was never about security but US national security (remote access, espionage); the EPO adding lots of Microsoft links to sidebars, not to mention some acronyms and legalese, is akin to proactive legal defence. They keep writing press releases about it and the supposed ‘media’ sometimes reprints every single word. Fact-checking? None. Astoundingly enough, JUVE‘s Amy Sandys is still lying for EPO management like she keeps lying for Team UPC. She seems to be under the impression that copy-pasting press releases from thugs who hijacked the EPO is “journalism”… with the same being done for Team UPC. It comes to show what happened to so-called ‘journalism’ about patents (where conflict of interest is so prevalent and supposed ‘experts’ cheer for ‘Hey Hi’ patents or patents for bots, as if patents for pets and insects are next, calling spiders “inventors” with patents on their webs and web-weaving).

“As noted in the video above, there are good reasons to suspect the issue might trickle out to what’s left of the media.”That the EPO is defensive of its Microsoft outsourcing deal isn’t surprising. They’re colluding with them in the abuse; only the EPO is legally immune from prosecution, but Microsoft bribes officials to look the other way and focus on other companies (mostly Google).

As noted in the video above, there are good reasons to suspect the issue might trickle out to what’s left of the media. The media that’s not already bribed by the EPO for puff pieces or silence…

We are going to write a lot more about that separately as it merits more attention. Maybe this coming week…

Maintenance and Development Updates

Posted in Site News at 10:11 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link | md5sum c233dd0a979fd83c8688258ee12ec4b6

Summary: We’ve been doing a lot of work on the back end (or operations) of Techrights, more so this past month, and we’re almost ready to resume the normal publication pace

OVER this past weekend (and last weekend as well) we focused a lot on site-building and maintenance of Gemini, Git etc. We did something similar two years ago. It was a long process and a worthwhile investment of time/effort.

“We did something similar two years ago.”Today’s posts (and videos) will resume our focus on the EPO and we hope more people will join us over at Gemini space (gemini://) as it is growing in popularity and general viability. In the video above I discuss some of the topics we would have written about had we enjoyed more time. We’re preparing for some high-impact publications instead.

[Meme] Microsoft Says Its Paying Clients (Like EPO) Don’t Violate Privacy Law

Posted in Deception, Europe, Microsoft, Patents at 9:25 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

EPO: Nothing to see here; Move along

Summary: The ever-so-docile EPO will gladly oblige when companies like Microsoft lie about the legality of their industrial espionage operations, masked as “clown” computing (and other buzzwords)

Coming Soon: EPO Series on Lawlessness

Posted in Europe, Patents at 8:57 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Summary: Some time soon we’ll start an important series about the EPO, seeing that the management of the EPO is panicking and trying to put out the fire created by prior ones (more on that shortly)

THE management of the EPO will never publicly admit it (Benoît Battistelli would just attack the messengers when he faced public embarrassment, whereas António Campinos does not do this as much), but we’ve noticed that each time an EPO scandal is revealed the messaging strategy of the EPO changes accordingly. This means that the publication has impact — though that’s the sort of message they try hard to abstain from getting across.

EPO examiners and other stakeholders may not be in management positions at the Office, but they certainly manage to set the agenda. The more the public finds out about the EPO, the more angry it becomes; the Office needs to respond, if not by mass resignations then by face-saving moves. More on that in a video later today…

Links 19/9/2021: Jolla’s Sailfish OS 4.2 and FreeBSD Technology Roadmap

Posted in News Roundup at 7:30 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • 2021 The Year of the Linux Desktop?

        “Android and Chrome water down the Linux philosophy,” the article argues, “but they are Linux…”

        Does this make any long-time geeks feel vindicated? In the original submission wiredog (Slashdot reader #43,288) looks back to 1995, remembering that “my first Linux was RedHat 2.0 in the beige box, running the 0.95(?) kernel and the F Virtual Window Manager…

        “It came with 2 books, a CD, and a boot floppy disk.”

      • 5 Reasons Purism’s Librem Laptops Are More Secure Than Your Notebook

        If you’re looking for a secure laptop computer, you have several options. Thumb readers, facial recognition, and built-in encryption all offer considerable security. But these features – typically backed up by the operating system – are prone to failure, one way or another. For example, facial recognition can be bypassed using various techniques.

        Purism is a company that assembles Linux computers, complete with a secure operating system and hardware kill switches. These features – while eschewing potential points of entry found on other laptops – make Purism laptops particularly attractive to any user concerned about online privacy and security.

    • Kernel Space

      • Linux 5.15 Is Now Slightly Less Broken For The DEC Alpha “Jensen” – Phoronix

        One has to wonder how much longer the Linux kernel will keep around some very old and known to be borked hardware support but at least for now the DECpc AXP 150 “Jensen” platform support is sticking around and with Linux 5.15 is no longer marked as “broken” outright.

        The past four years the Linux kernel Kconfig for the DEC Alpha Jensen platform has marked it as “BROKEN” since it was known to not even compile due to a build error… With Linux 5.15 that Jensen system code now has its four lines of moved around code so it can at least build correctly. So with a change merged on Saturday Linux 5.15 no longer calls Jensen as “BROKEN” outright.

    • Applications

      • Rufus for linux? Not available, Use these best alternatives

        Rufus for Linux, yes, everybody who has ever used this bootable USB creator tool which is only available for Windows, definitely wished to have it for Linux operating systems too. However, although it is not directly available for Linux, we can still use it with the help of Wine software. But again even after installing it using Wine on Ubuntu, in our case, it couldn’t recognize the attached USB drives, which again closed the door for normal users to use Rufus on Linux. Thus in such scenarios what do?

        Don’t worry. The Rufus is not the only software for creating a bootable USB drives in the world. There are also few other best alternatives to Rufus that we can use easily on Linux operating systems. And here today we will discuss such opensource or free tools for creating bootable drives on Linux Distros.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • Ansible YAML Basics – Anto ./ Online

        Understanding YAML is essential as it is a popular markup language. In addition, you need to get familiar with the basics of the YAML syntax to master the art of writing playbooks in Ansible.

        YAML is often called “Yet Another Markup Language” because it appeared in the era of other markup languages such as (HTML, XML, etc.). However, later its reference changed to “YAML Ain’t Markup Language” to emphasize its data-oriented purpose. Indeed, it is used for configuration files and other declarations. For example, in the case of Ansible, you may think of a playbook written in YAML as a declaration of configuration procedures and processes.

      • An Open Source Wi-Fi Roundup

        Wireless networks and hotspots aren’t just for Windows users. Linux-based projects are cropping up all over to make for inexpensive WLANs of all sorts.

      • What Is a Daemon?

        This strange term is a relic of Unix history, but daemons are still in use today. The term is synonymous with the concept of a “service”, a task that runs continuously, typically without user interaction.

        There are several common examples of daemons, and even if you don’t need to know exactly how they work, it’s at least useful to be able to identify them.

      • How to install MyWebSQL – Web interface to manage databases on Ubuntu 20.04

        Managing and viewing MySQL / MariaDB data using the terminal can be cumbersome. So we always have the help of various tools that allow us to do this process quickly and easily. Thanks to this tutorial, you will learn how to install MyWebSQL on Ubuntu 20.04, and with a modern graphical interface, you will be able to manage a database quickly.

      • How to Install Rust on AlmaLinux 8

        Rust is an open-source systems programming language that focuses on speed, memory safety, and parallelism. Developers use Rust to create a wide range of new software applications, such as game engines, operating systems, file systems, browser components, and simulation engines for virtual reality.

      • How to Install Plex Media Server on Fedora – LinuxCapable

        Plex Media Server is a piece of software to store all your digital media content and access via a client application such as your TV, NVIDIA Shield, Roku, Mobile App, and many more platforms. Plex Media Server organizes your files and content into categories. It’s extremely popular with people storing TV Shows and Movie Libraries, and if your connection is good enough, share it with your friends and family. Over time Plex Media Server has grown much and now supports many platforms.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install Plex Media Server on Fedora.

      • How to Install Brave Browser on Linux Mint 20
      • How to unpack tar bz2 xz gz archives in Linux – LinuxStoney

        For unpacking tar-archives through a command-line utility is used tar.

        It is useful to know that archives tar have the file extension .tar Also in Linux, archives are widespread that have additional compression by other programs. For example, archives .tar.bz2 , .tar.gz and others. All of these archives can be unpacked using the utility tar.

      • How to install Chromium browser on Debian 11 “Bullseye” – LinuxStoney

        Designed to provide safer, faster and more stable use for everyone, it is a Chromium browser, an open source browser project produced by Google. The software that aims to provide a secure web experience to the user; It can be used on Windows, GNU/Linux, macOS and many other systems. It is known that Google changes the Chromium source code almost daily. Therefore, it is recommended that the user always use the latest version. For this reason, it is considered more suitable primarily for developers, not end users. How to install Chromium browser on Debian 11 “Bullseye”? This is our topic today. As it is known, Debian 11, which got the code name “Bullseye” from the horse character in Pixar’s famous Toy Story series announcement of after the toys, the topics now turned to Bullseye. We continue from here. The Chromium browser created by Google is used by many users.

        To install the Chromium browser on the system, first in the terminal suYou must be root with the command or constantly per commands. sudoYou will need to add In the meantime, this on what to do to gain sudo command privileges on Debian forum post can be viewed .

      • How To Fix – Bash: Ifconfig Command Not Found | Tips On UNIX

        This tutorial will be helpful for fixing the issue – bash: ifconfig command not found

      • Linux modprobe command with Useful Examples

        The Linux Kernel is the core component of a Linux operating system. The Linux kernel has a modular design that allows it to be extended in terms of functionality. Modules are small pieces of code that may be loaded and unloaded by the kernel without having to restart the computer. Kernel modules can be loaded/removed manually or automatically.

        When a new device such USB or PCI is connected/removed, the kernel sends uevents. The uevents contain information about the device such as vendor and model details. Udev (device manager) is listening to this uevents and passes them to modprobe. Modprobe intelligently identifies the requested driver by searching under the module directory /lib/modules/uname -r and loads the module file into the kernel. Once the module is successfully loaded, it appears in the listing from lsmod command. Additionally, modprobe is used to manually add or remove a loadable module from the kernel.

      • Installing applications in Linux | Complete guide – LinuxH2O

        Linux distributions are one of the best operating systems available. Users are very satisfied to use them. This is because of the full control that we get over it. We love to customize, installing different kinds of applications, its regular hustle free updates, looks, performance, easiness, and the list goes on and on. So in this quick guide, we are going to learn about how to install applications in Linux distributions.

      • How to Install Zoom on Ubuntu [Easy Way]

        The ‘work from home’ was existing for years but only a few people chose to work like this.

        Covid-19 lockdowns made work from home a common scenario. Even the non-IT people had to resume their work activities from the confinement of home. Video conferencing tool become as common as emails.

        Among all this, Zoom became the de facto online meeting tool. If you are using Linux and prefer open source video conferencing tools like Jitsi Meet, chances are that people at work use Zoom.

      • How to Customize Your Cinnamon Desktop Look Like MacOS Big Sur – Linux Scoop

        Hi everyone. In this video I am going to show you step by step how to customize Cinnamon Desktop Look Like macOS Big Sur. In this video, I use Linux Mint 20 with the Cinnamon desktop 4.6 series for implementing the theme look like macOS Big Sur.

        This tutorial also works on Linux Distribution which using Cinnamon Desktop such as Linux Mint, Feren OS, OpenSUSE with Cinnamon, Debian Cinnamon flavor, Fedora Cinnamon Spin, Arch with Cinnamon Desktop, and Manjaro Cinnamon Edition.

      • What To Do After Installing elementary OS 6

        This is a recommendation for new elementary OS users who just had version 6 codenamed Odin. It includes apps, settings, and some enhancements you would and might need. Enjoy elementary OS experience!

        There are work apps not included in elementary OS which we need to install ourselves for example LibreOffice, multimedia tools like Kdenlive, and games like TuxMath and 0 A.D. Follow this guide to get what you need: Guide to Install 20 Standard Apps on elementary OS.

      • How to Install Java 17 in Ubuntu 20.04, 21.10, Linux Mint 20

        A quick guide on how to install the latest Java 17 in Ubuntu 20.04, 20.10 and Linux Mint 20.x.

    • Games

      • IPv6 Support on the PlayStation 5

        The PS5 does support IPv6, and the Netflix app proves that IPv6 connectivity is available for use. Apart from Netflix, though, there is not much use of IPv6. That goes both for the system software and its bundled apps, as well as for third-party apps and games.

      • SDL Still Has A Number Of Issues To Address Before Defaulting To Wayland – Phoronix

        The recently released SDL 2.0.16 brought much-improved Wayland support but it’s still not quite good enough yet to have it be the default over the SDL X11 path. However, developers continue working in that direction to eventually use it by default.

        Well known Linux game porter Ethan Lee presented at this week’s X.org Developers Conference (XDC2021) with the ongoing work to bring SDL’s Wayland support up to parity with X11 that it can be the default.

      • VR on Linux: A Growing Market?

        Here’s another look at the survey conducted back in April 2021 – this time we will check the answers from all respondents regarding VR on Linux.

        First, let’s have a look at how widespread is VR among the respondents…

        As expected, the majority of users have actually never tried VR. However, the number of owners of PC VR equipment is much higher than I had anticipated. More than 13% is a huge number, relative to the usual market of VR as we know currently. As usual the same disclaimer apply as per the previous survey analysis (this sample is potentially not representative of Linux gamers at large, etc…) but there are still many things to learn from it.


        It’s not very surprising that the large majority has no such intent. But still, about 15.8% say they would be somewhat likely or very likely to purchase such VR equipment. Even if only half of those actually pulls the trigger, that’s still something like a 8% growth year on year. Not very fast, but still healthy in terms of market development. It’s consistent with what we have been observing so far with VR: sales increase year after year, but there’s no explosion – nothing like how smartphones took off, if we were to take a benchmark.

        I think this all says that VR is potentially great, but for numerous reasons, it’s not yet ready to go full mainstream. Half Life: Alyx may be the exception that proves the rule: pretty much everyone who played it considered it a game-changer, but there’s only one game like that, and this is from Valve after spending years experimenting with what VR could bring. Maybe every game, ten years from now, will be as good or better than Alyx in VR, but until more extraordinary titles come out, adoption will be on a slow pace.

    • Distributions

      • New Releases

      • BSD

        • Technology Roadmap

          Much like any other organization navigating the future during very uncertain times, the FreeBSD Foundation team spent the last year increasingly focused on how best to support its mission and goal – how best to support the FreeBSD Project. We held strategy sessions with the Foundation Board and FreeBSD Core team, reviewed the results of the FreeBSD core team’s user and developer surveys, and held conversations with developers, users and other members of the FreeBSD community to determine where to focus our efforts. The overall goal is to expand and enhance the efforts of the technology team.

          The beginnings of this effort can be seen in the FreeBSD Quarterly Status Reports for the first half of the year. One example is the sponsored Linuxulator Compatibility Improvements project that included modernizing the code base to support popular client-facing and server related Linux applications. You can read more about his work at https://freebsdfoundation.org/project/targeted-linuxulator-compatibility-improvements/.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • At least from an outside perspective, Ubuntu is Canonical’s thing

          It’s true that Ubuntu has a community of people who contribute to it despite Canonical not paying them for their time and work. But this community doesn’t get to make real decisions on anything that Canonical cares about, any more than the CentOS (community) board gets to overrule IBM’s views on how CentOS should operate. If and when Canonical says ‘Ubuntu is doing X’ (or ‘not doing X’), that’s what happens. In a way, there’s nothing particularly nefarious about this in the case of Ubuntu; Canonical founded it and has always paid for it and run it, and we’ve just enjoyed the ride.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • 5 best practices for using open source community leaderboards

        It takes a community of people with varying skill sets and expertise to build open source software. Leaderboards have become a way for open source communities to track progress and showcase and celebrate top-performing contributors. If leaderboards are done right, they can increase participation, motivate contributors with gamification, and enhance the community. But leaderboards can also have adverse outcomes—including discouraging participation.

        The Community Health Analytics Open Source Software (CHAOSS) community, a Linux Foundation project, focuses on bringing standardization to open source project health and metrics. Leaderboards are a topic that keeps coming up during those conversations. Initially, this blog post was a presentation I made for Upstream 2021, the Tidelift event that kicked off Maintainer Week, a weeklong celebration of open source maintainers. This article will explore five best practices to help communities use leaderboards successfully and improve their project health through metrics.

      • Huawei Launches Industrial Operating System for Coal Mines – Caixin Global

        HarmonyOS-based software replaces grab bag of Linux, Unix and Windows systems and promises greater efficiency and safety in mining

      • SaaS/Back End/Databases

        • Oracle to PostgreSQL? 6 Reasons to Make Your Open Source Migration

          Now with nearly three-decades of maturity, the post-object relational database system PostgreSQL is particularly emblematic of an enterprise-wide trend: proven open source data technologies – in their pure open source versions – are increasingly replacing expensive and inflexible proprietary solutions.

          Postgres offers some especially enticing advantages for enterprises looking to trim (if not downright slash) costs without impacting database performance. Here’s a half-dozen reasons enterprises should consider the fully open source version of Postgres as a more-than-capable Oracle replacement.

      • Education

        • Creating Successful R User Groups in Abuja, Nigeria

          Bilikisu Aderinto, Founder/Organizer of the Abuja R User Group and R-Ladies Abuja, talks about the lack of R User groups in her area, and her desire to start one, leading to a large increase in members in Abuja. She talks about the issues with income disparity and how it affected lockdown attendance for the group. She also talks about training others to increase their knowledge base in the area.

      • Programming/Development

        • GitLab files to go public as both revenue and losses surge

          GitLab Inc., which provides a cloud service to enable software developers to share code and collaborate on projects, today announced plans to go public with an initial offering of stock.

          The San Francisco-based company, which counts among its competitors Microsoft Corp.-owned GitHub and Atlassian Corp. PLC’s BitBucket, didn’t reveal yet how much it plans to raise or precisely when it will do the IPO. It was last valued at $6 billion after a secondary share sale in January, and has raised a total of $400 million from investors such as Khosla Ventures, Altimeter Capital, TCV, Franklin Templeton and Coatue Management.

        • [Old] LLVM internals, part 1: the bitcode format

          I’ve done a couple of posts on LLVM itself, mostly on things you can do with LLVM or how LLVM represents particular program features.

          I’ve received some good feedback on these, but I’d like to focus a sub-series of posts on LLVM’s implementation itself: the file formats, parsing strategies, and algorithmic choices underlying LLVM’s public interfaces (APIs, CLIs, and consumable output files). I’ll be writing these posts as I work on a series of pure-Rust libraries for ingesting LLVM’s intermediate representation, with the end goal of being able to perform read-only analyses of programs compiled to LLVM IR in pure Rust.

          For those who don’t know what LLVM is, this post has a broader background on LLVM’s components and intermediate representation.

        • [Old] LLVM internals, part 2: parsing the bitstream

          In the last post, I performed a high-level overview of LLVM’s bitcode format (and underlying bitstream container representation). The end result of that post was a release announcement for llvm-bitcursor, which provides the critical first abstraction(s) for a pure-Rust bitcode parser.

          This post will be a more concrete walkthrough of the process of parsing actual LLVM bitstreams, motivated by another release announcement: llvm-bitstream.

          Put together, the llvm-bitcursor and llvm-bitstream crates get us two thirds-ish of the way to a pure-Rust parser for LLVM IR. The only remaining major component is a “mapper” from the block and record representations in the bitstream to actual IR-level representations (corresponding to llvm::Module, llvm::Function, &c in the official C++ API).

        • LLVM internals, part 3: from bitcode to IR

          This post marks a turning point: now that we have reasonable abstractions for the bitstream container itself, we can focus on mapping it into a form that resembles LLVM’s IR. We’ll cover some of the critical steps in that process1 below, introducing a new crate (llvm-mapper) in the process.

          Also, critically: this post is the first in the series where our approach to parsing and interpreting LLVM’s bitcode differs significantly from how LLVM’s own codebase does things. The details of the post should still be interesting to anyone who wants to learn the details of how an IR-level LLVM module is constructed, but will not reflect how LLVM itself does that construction2.

        • Python

          • Python in 2021: The Good, The Bad, and the Ugly

            In this post, I want to look at the biggest strengths and weaknesses of Python, with more emphasis on the weaknesses, just because these problems have been there for years now and some of the rough edges bleed a lot.

  • Leftovers

    • ASEAN bloc agrees to work on digital trade pact that might get real by 2025

      The ASEAN economic and free trade bloc has agreed to develop a digital trade pact, and South Korea wants to play.

      ASEAN has ten members that collectively have about the same economic heft as the UK or France, and negotiate as one on trade matters with other blocs like the European Union. Bloc members Indonesia, Vietnam, and the Philippines are seen as likely to grow very quickly in coming years, making ASEAN of considerable importance to global trade and diplomacy.

    • Sir Clive Sinclair: even his failures were prescient inventions

      Even Sinclair’s so-called failures reveal an inventor who sought to solve everyday problems rather than amass a personal fortune. And many were prescient. Anticipating electrified personal transportation, Sinclair developed an electric car, then an electric bike – long before the vogue they both enjoy today.

      These later inventions may have been a business failure, but they were a triumph of the will and the imagination. Sinclair long ago secured his legacy as the “father of the home computer”, but time is only now vindicating his other creations. Now, at least, we have the chance to catch up.

    • Michigan students steal from bathrooms for TikTok challenge — and schools have had enough

      The “devious licks” challenge taking over TikTok is running rampant through Michigan schools, encouraging students to steal and angering administrators.

      Students in middle and high schools across the nation are stealing everything from soap dispensers to bathroom stall doors to shelves of COVID-19 tests to entire toilets, and documenting the entire thing on TikTok.

    • Education

    • Health/Nutrition

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Report: Biden administration to roll out sanctions targeting ransomware payments [iophk: Windows TCO]

          The sources believe that the sanctions could be implemented as early as next week by the U.S. Treasury Department. The sanctions are expected to be imposed on “specific targets” rather than the entire cryptocurrency ecosystem. Additionally, the Treasury Department is reportedly preparing to release new guidance that will warn businesses they could face fines and other penalties over involvement in ransomware payments.

        • U.S. to Target Crypto Ransomware Payments With Sanctions [iophk: Windows TCO]

          The Treasury Department plans to impose the sanctions as soon as next week, the people said, and will issue fresh guidance to businesses on the risks associated with facilitating ransomware payments, including fines and other penalties. Later this year, expected new anti-money-laundering and terror-finance rules will seek to limit the use of cryptocurrency as a payment mechanism in ransomware attacks and other illicit activities.

          The actions collectively would represent the most significant attempt yet by the Biden administration to undercut the digital finance ecosystem of traders, exchanges and other elements that cybersecurity experts say has allowed debilitating ransomware attacks to flourish in recent years.

        • PrintNightmare Windows Patch Reportedly Breaks Network Printing Altogether

          What makes the problem worse is that Windows is reporting different types of errors to each user, making it a bit harder to see what’s going on. BleepingComputer said that one source is seeing a 4098 Warning in the application event logs, while another said that their printer port tabs were all blank. One source couldn’t even get access to their network printers at all, seeing “access denied” errors instead.

        • Buying an iPhone 13 represents 49 days of work for Mexican professional

          An average Mexican professional has to work almost 50 days to afford the latest edition of Apple’s iPhone, an analysis by an international e-commerce platform found.

        • Why Government and Military Sites Are Hosting Porn and Viagra Ads

          The source of at least some of these uploads is a company called Laserfiche, according to Edwards. Laserfiche is a government software provider that makes content management systems. The company has contracts with the Army, the Navy, the FBI, and more, according to public procurement records.

        • Security

          • ‘OMIGOD’ vulnerabilities put Azure customers at risk

            The flaws were reported Tuesday by cloud security vendor Wiz, which previously disclosed the ChaosDB Azure vulnerability last month. At the center is Open Management Infrastructure (OMI), an open source software sponsored by Microsoft that Wiz researcher Nir Ohfeld described in a blog post as essentially “Windows Management Infrastructure (WMI) for Unix/Linux systems.”

          • Microsoft Azure Users with Linux VMs Exposed to Security Vulnerabiltiy Called OMIGOD—How to Fix | Tech Times

            It is worth noting that Wiz was able to dig a total of four security vulnerabilities in the OMI project of Microsoft. The security company dubbed these flaws as OMIGOD to give it a catchy nickname.

          • Microsoft’s end-of-summer software security cleanse crushes more than 80 bugs

            For its September Patch Tuesday, Microsoft churned out fixes for 66 vulnerabilities alongside 20 Chromium security bugs in Microsoft Edge.

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • Papers Please: Nationality Checks For The British Internet?

              As we’ve previously explained, the draft Bill includes provisions which will mandate age verification or age assurance processes onto all sites, services, or applications offering user-to-user content or communication which can be accessed in the UK. This will mean age checks on sites and services with user-to-user content or communication across the board, meaning all content, all sites, all services, and all users, all the time, regardless of scope, risk, or proportionality, excepting sites which are deemed ‘child safe’.

              You will need to do this not to shield children from subjectively harmful content, but to achieve your compliance requirements; and as the Bill has been drafted, you will be compelled to do this at the risks of penalties, sanctions, and even the threat of personal arrests.

            • Facebook’s social balance is in the red

              Changes Facebook instituted in 2018 to turn down the dial on contentious politics in people’s feeds had the opposite effect, driving extreme views instead.

            • WhatsApp testing business directory (yellow pages). This will be a big deal.

              The pilot is in Brazil and they say the feedback they get will determine the next steps with the feature. I foresee the feature being popular enough to get a worldwide release before the end of 2022. That’s quick for WhatsApp.

              WhatsApp is trying to help us sort the businesses that are on WhatsApp by category and alphabetically. Exactly like how the yellow pages were.

            • I Drank Kombucha on TikTok, Now I Have a Career Online

              Making money on YouTube generally comes in two ways; Google AdSense revenue, or branded/sponsored content. “It’s algorithmic, or certain brands will sponsor you to make a video for them that you post on your channel,” Broski explains.

            • Chinese smart tech fraught with risk

              Chinese technology firms have been peddling “safe city” and “smart city” packages of technology in Africa for years. Suites of interconnected products and services include surveillance equipment, communications tools and digital municipal management systems.

              Billed as public safety tools, the programs are increasingly used to control the population and crack down on dissent.

            • TikTok Parent ByteDance Reportedly Preps Streaming Service Following Tencent Music’s Exclusive-License Penalty

              Beijing-based ByteDance reportedly intends to launch the music streaming app – tentatively called Feilo and referred to as Luna internally – in China sometime later this year, according to Google’s translation of a Mandarin-language report from 36Kr (NASDAQ: KRKR).

              The concise report also notes that ByteDance’s streaming service will utilize a tried-and-proven algorithm from the outset in an effort to reach consumers, while the initially mentioned “invalidation of Tencent’s exclusive copyright may bring new opportunities” as ByteDance looks to “develop its domestic music business.”

            • Apple shut down a voting app in Russia. That should worry everyone.

              The Smart Voting app was designed to identify candidates most likely to beat members of the government-backed party, United Russia, as part of a broader strategy organized by supporters of the imprisoned Russian activist Alexei Navalny to bring together voters who oppose Putin. In a bid to clamp down on the opposition effort, the Russian government told Google and Apple that the app was illegal, and reportedly threatened to arrest employees of both companies in the country.

            • This US company sold iPhone [cracking] tools to UAE spies

              Documents filed by the US Justice Department on Tuesday detail how the sale was facilitated by a group of American mercenaries working for Abu Dhabi, without legal permission from Washington to do so. But the case documents do not reveal who sold the powerful iPhone exploit to the Emiratis.

            • 10 Best Browsers for Privacy That Aren’t Google Chrome [Ed: This list is pure comedy in some places. Privacy? Not even close…]

              In this era of hacking, identity theft, data privacy violations, and Facebook watching your every move, the best browser for privacy can be your greatest weapon. The internet can be the place to be completely anonymous, but it’s also where you can be the most vulnerable.

              Data is one of the most monetized assets right now. And where do you get most of the people’s data? On the internet— unguarded and sometimes given voluntarily. Google Chrome is one of the major tech companies that sell their user’s data, and it’s the most used browser in the world.

              So, if you want to keep your data private and still want to continue your internet browsing, it’s time to make the move, and choose a secure browser. In this quick guide, we have compiled the best browsers for privacy that are perfect Google Chrome alternatives.

            • Confidentiality

              • Automatic cipher suite ordering in crypto/tls

                The Go standard library provides crypto/tls, a robust implementation of Transport Layer Security (TLS), the most important security protocol on the Internet, and the fundamental component of HTTPS. In Go 1.17 we made its configuration easier, more secure, and more efficient by automating the priority order of cipher suites.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • Gun Manufactures Quietly Target Young Boys Using Social Media
      • Opinion | Biden’s Nuclear Weapons Commitments: Dangerous Continuities

        In the dangerous Trump era, the Pentagon pronounced that “There is no higher priority for national defense” than to “replace [the country's] strategic nuclear triad and sustain the warheads it carries.” The estimated cost for upgrading the entire U.S. nuclear arsenal and replacing all its nuclear warhead delivery systems—intercontinental ballistic missiles, submarines capable of launching ballistic missiles, and long-range bombers—was $1.7 billion. Trump’s Nuclear Posture Review, the guidelines for nuclear war fighting, and maintenance and acquisition of the weapons required for genocidal or omnicidal war, reaffirmed the country’s first-strike nuclear war fighting doctrine, and it increased U.S. reliance on nuclear weapons. This included their possible use in response to cyber and other high-tech attacks on U.S. infrastructure.

      • FBI declassified document confirms links between Saudi Arabia and the 9/11 terrorists

        Under an executive order from President Joe Biden, the FBI declassified an FBI report on Saturday—the twentieth anniversary of the 9/11 terrorist attacks—showing that there were links between former representatives of the Saudi Arabian government and the hijackers.

      • Ten men, including Paris attacks suspect, to be tried over 2016 Brussels bombing

        On March 22, 2016 two suicide bombers blew themselves up in Brussels international airport and a third in a crowded Metro station in Brussels.

        Investigators linked the gang that carried out the attacks in Belgium to the earlier attacks in Paris in November 2015, which killed 130 people.

      • Cartoonists mark start of Paris attacks trial

        The biggest trial in modern French history began on September 8, with 20 suspects charged in the November 2015 Paris attacks in which 130 people were killed and hundreds more injured. The court will hear from more than 300 witnesses over a period of nine months. Twenty individuals stand accused, including Salah Abdeslam, the only survivor of the commando team masterminded by the Islamic State group.

      • Three of the four 9/11 pilots – Mohammed Atta, Marwan al-Shehhi and Ziad Jarrah – lived in Germany. Op-ed.

        Peter Frisch, the former head of the German Bureau for the Protection of the Constitution (Germany’s internal secret service), will say, “We didn’t have the people to do surveillance, nor did we know we should.” Hamburg – and Germany as a whole – was a risk-free environment for Islamic terrorists. German officials, mindful of the Nazi past, will say they were reluctant to target mosques and risk accusations of racism and Islamophobia.

      • Niger: Children killed or forcibly recruited by armed Islamist groups in devastating conflict – New Report

        Increasing numbers of children are being killed or targeted for recruitment by armed groups in conflicts raging at Niger’s borders with Mali and Burkina Faso, Amnesty International said in a new report published today (13 September).

        The 57-page report, ‘I Have Nothing Left Except Myself’: The Worsening Impact on Children of Conflict in the Tillabéri Region of Niger, documents the devastating impact on children of the conflict, involving armed groups Islamic State in the Greater Sahara (ISGS) and the al-Qaida-affiliated Jama’at Nusrat al-Islam wal-Muslimin (JNIM).

      • The French teacher Didier Lemaire has written a book about the conditions in the town of Trappes, which is ruled by Islamists

        But everything went wrong when he denounced the spread of political Islam in the town a few weeks after the murder of Samuel Paty. The teacher who denounced a problem got into trouble himself […].

        Le Point: Why did you want to return to this topic?

        Didier Lemaire: I wanted to write a book of testimonies. I was a philosophy teacher in Trappes and gradually became aware of a rise in Islamism in my high school in connection with attacks. I noticed that my relationship with the students was changing, as was their relationship with the subject of philosophy. I found myself in a situation where it had become very difficult to teach philosophy in lessons.

      • Radical Muslim Group Assists with Afghan Resettlement in America

        ICNA or the Islamic Circle of North America is the American arm of South Asian Islamist group Jamaat-e-Islami (JI), a body openly sympathetic to the Taliban and al-Qaeda. For 30-plus years, ICNA has harbored JI death squad leader Ashrafuz Zaman Khan, placing him in ICNA’s top leadership. ICNA has collaborated with and has promoted Falah-e-Insaniat Foundation (FIF), a US and Pakistan-banned front for Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT). In August 2006, ICNA was a partner and top donor to JI’s Al-Khidmat Foundation (AKF), at the same time AKF took a delegation to Syria to hand-deliver $100,000 to then-Hamas leader Khaled Mashal for violence against Israel.

    • Transparency/Investigative Reporting

      • Research group starts expedition to Estonia ferry wreck

        The dive to the wreck site will last approximately 10 days. A total of 46 people will take part in the expedition, including 18 ship crew members and six media representatives.

        Kurm has identified seven questions that the organizers want to get answers to during the expedition and subsequent analysis.

        Materials gathered in the course of the investigation project will be analyzed by dr. Andrzej Jasionowski, who has previous experience with the disaster. In 2005-2008 he was a member of a scientific consortium that conducted studies for the Swedish government.

        Scientific analysis should be ready by next spring.

    • Environment

      • World on ‘catastrophic’ path to 2.7C warming, warns UN chief

        A failure to slash global emissions is setting the world on a “catastrophic” path to 2.7 degrees Celsius heating, UN chief Antonio Guterres warned Friday just weeks before crunch climate talks.

      • Opinion | Letting the World Burn: The Question of Governance

        The sixth report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change confirms yet again that we are rapidly destabilizing the climate and making the earth a more dangerous and biologically impoverished planet. No surprise; we’ve known this since the 1970s. The primary cause of the worsening situation, however, is not the combustion of fossil fuels, but the massive political dereliction that has allowed the bonfire to go on after we knew that it posed a potentially lethal threat to humankind. We have no precedent for malfeasance at this scale therefore we have no law, no accountability—and so far—no remedy.

      • [Old] Fishing Vessels ‘Go Dark’ to Evade Authorities, Pirates

        IUU fishing costs West African nations $2.3 billion each year, according to the United Nations. The practice also destroys ecosystems and has been linked to other crimes such as piracy, kidnapping and drug trafficking. China is the world’s worst fishing offender, according to the IUU Fishing Index, and has targeted West Africa for years.

        Despite the consequences of IUU fishing, many West African nations do not require that fishing vessels use an AIS, according to Peter Hammarstedt, director of campaigns for Sea Shepherd Global, which helps several West African countries combat illegal fishing.

      • UN warns of “catastrophic” climate change failure without more emissions cuts

        Driving the news: For the report, 113 countries, including the United States, submitted new pledges that would add up to a 12% decline in emissions by 2030 compared with 2020 levels.

        But dozens of countries, including China, India and Saudi Arabia, didn’t make any new formal commitments.

      • Energy

      • Wildlife/Nature

      • Overpopulation

        • Illegal marijuana farms take West’s water in ‘blatant theft’

          The Bend area has experienced a population boom, putting more demands on the water supply. The illegal grows are making things worse.

          In La Pine, south of Bend, Rodger Jincks watched a crew drill a new well on his property. The first sign that his existing well was failing came when the pressure dropped as he watered his tiny front lawn. Driller Shane Harris estimated the water table is dropping 6 inches (15 centimeters) per year.

    • Finance

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • Ahead of Canadian Election, Bernie Sanders & Rashida Tlaib Endorse Jagmeet Singh
      • Ahead of Canadian Election, Bernie Sanders and Rashida Tlaib Endorse NDP

        After high-profile Democrats expressed support for Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and his Liberal Party ahead of the country’s federal election on Monday, U.S. Sen. Bernie Sanders and Rep. Rashida Tlaib endorsed the New Democratic Party, led by Jagmeet Singh.

        “There’s one party that stood up for working people in the pandemic. One leader who has the courage to make the wealthy pay their fair share so everyone gets the medication they need,” Sanders (I-Vt.) tweeted Friday, explaining his support for Singh and the NDP.

      • Socialist India Walton Faces Treacherous Path in Buffalo Despite Court Victory
      • Russia Today Lodges Complain Against Facebook

        In response to the censorship of its digital content project “Redfish,” the television network Russia Today (RT) asked the authorities of its country to monitor more carefully the actions of Facebook.

        This week, this California-based company suspended Redfish’s account on Instagram. Given that this action was arbitrary, RT asked the Russian media regulator Roskomnadzor (RKN) and the Prosecutor General’s Office to take the pertinent measures in this type of case.

      • Russia restricts opposition election voting app from Apple App Store and Google Play Store

        Mobile app store metrics from NetBlocks confirm the removal of a popular opposition election tracking app from the Apple App Store and Google Play Store. The incident comes as Russia holds parliamentary elections from 17 to 19 September 2021.

      • How Russia made Apple and Google complicit in its [Internet] crackdown

        This morning in Russia, as polls opened for three days of voting to elect a new parliament, Apple and Google submitted to an escalating pressure campaign by the Russian government and deleted opposition leader Alexei Navalny’s app from their respective app stores. Their decisions come after months of government efforts to suppress Navalny’s Smart Voting project, which published a voter guide available through the app. The Russian government has reacted to this voter guide as if facing a serious national security threat—a reaction that has stirred international controversy. The furious (and ultimately successful) efforts to suppress this voter guide not only demonstrate the Russian government’s determination to assert broad control over both the outcome of Russian elections and the information Russian citizens can access online, but also how the underlying dynamics of Russia’s censorship agenda can become an international problem, forcing companies based outside its borders into complicity with domestic repression.

      • Telegram Removes Navalny’s Smart Voting From Messaging Service

        Popular messaging app Telegram is suspending all chat bots used in the Russian elections campaign, in another blow to jailed opposition politician Aleksei Navalny’s Smart Voting initiative after Apple and Google removed the election-guide app from their stores.

        Telegram founder Pavel Durov announced late on September 17 that the service would abide by Russia’s “election silence,” a law practiced in other countries that prohibits campaigning during the elections.

      • Facebook shields VIPs from some of its rules: report

        The program, referred to as “cross check” or “XCheck,” shields millions of elite users from rules that Facebook claims to apply equally at the social network, according to a report citing internal documents.

      • What Eugene Debs and the Socialist Party Can Teach Us About Freedom

        For the party’s poor and working-class supporters, the Socialists explained why their lives were often-dispiriting trials of toil, hardship, and humiliation. The problem, according to the party, was the despotism of capitalism: the system turned workers into bosses’ underlings — forced to work or starve — and made the political arena a fetid square of ravenous corporations and bought-and-paid-for politicians. They proposed an array of immediate reforms (from the eight-hour-day and unemployment insurance to public ownership of major industries and equal voting rights for African Americans and women), while advocating, in the long term, a “cooperative commonwealth,” where the economy would be democratically controlled and the political system would be rid of plutocrats.

        Freedom was central to that vision. “As long as he owns your tools he owns your job,” Debs told a labor convention in 1908, referring to employers: [...]

      • Noam Chomsky: Average People Still Have the Power to Stop Wars

        Noam Chomsky talks to Jacobin about why the US withdrawal from Afghanistan won’t change US imperialism, the many war crimes of George W. Bush, and why he still believes in average people’s ability to push back against the war machine.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • How The Online Safety Bill Lets Politicians Define Free Speech

        As it has been drafted, the Bill gives sweeping powers to the Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media, and Sport, and potentially to the Home Secretary, to make unilateral decisions, at any time they please, as to what forms of subjectively harmful content must be brought into the scope of the bill’s content moderation requirements. Shockingly, it allows them to make those decisions for political reasons.

      • Afghanistan’s singers flee Taliban violence

        The BBC spoke with six singers who crossed the border to Pakistan illegally and are now living in hiding. One said he feared he would be executed if he stayed in Afghanistan.

        The Taliban have banned music and are accused of executing a folk singer in northern Baghlan province in August.

      • Egyptian journalist Hossam Bahgat is set to go on trial for a tweet

        On November 2, Egyptian investigative journalist Hossam Bahgat is set to go on trial over a tweet. In the December 2020 post on Twitter–where he has more than 260,000 followers–Bahgat, who is also the executive director and founder of local rights group the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, criticized the former president of the National Election Authority, Lashin Ibrahim, for alleged corruption during the country’s 2020 parliamentary elections.

        Seven months later, the state prosecutor’s office summoned him for interrogation based on a complaint about the tweet by the acting president of the election authority and charged the journalist with insulting the National Election Authority, spreading false news on electoral fraud that undermines public interest, and misusing social media.

      • ‘The freest platform on the Web’ Everything that’s wrong with Pavel Durov’s explanation for disabling access to ‘campaign materials’ during Russia’s parliamentary elections

        Mere minutes before midnight on September 18 when the new policy he was announcing would take effect, Telegram founder Pavel Durov published a statement on his personal channel explaining that the network would begin blocking bots “involved in campaigning” in accordance with Russia’s “election silence” law. His announcement did not begin with this information; Durov spent the first three paragraphs of his message berating Apple and Google for bowing to Russia’s censorship demands. “It’s a dangerous precedent,” he said, referring to the two American companies’ decisions to disable access inside Russia to the Navalny app on their respective app stores. “I’ve written many times that the Apple and Google oligopoly poses a threat to free speech.” After these condemnations and praise for Telegram as “still the freest platform on the Web,” Durov got to the core of his announcement. Meduza explains what’s wrong with his explanation.

      • Wikipedia bans seven Chinese users amid concerns of ‘infiltration, physical harm’

        The Wikimedia Foundation has revealed efforts to gather personal information on some Chinese Wikipedia editors by entities opposed to their activities on the platform and likely to threaten the targets’ privacy or well-being.

        The foundation’s response has been to ban seven users in mainland China, cancel sysop privileges for another dozen, and warn plenty more Wikipedia editors to modify their behaviour.

    • Freedom of Information/Freedom of the Press

      • Eritrea – 20 years of dictatorship, two decades with no independent media

        Of the dozen journalists arrested in September 2001, only three are believed to be still alive in the prisons where they are held incommunicado. At least 11 journalists in all are currently imprisoned in Eritrea without access to lawyers and without any plans for trials. Some of them are probably held in Eiraeiro, a detention centre built specially for prisoners of opinion. This chilling message is inscribed above the room where they are interrogated: “If you don’t like the message, kill the messenger.”

        “Twenty years after the dictatorship was imposed, Eritrea is still a news and information desert in which journalists are systematically arrested, tortured and forced to go into hiding or flee the country,” said Arnaud Froger, the head of RSF’s Africa desk. “This dramatic situation, which is almost unique in the world, is the result of a policy of constant predation that tramples on the most elementary human dignity. We urge Eritrea’s partner countries to step up pressure on its government to free the journalists it is holding in the most atrocious conditions and to quickly provide proof that those held incommunicado for the past two decades are still alive.”

      • BBC news crew threatened by COVID-19 protesters in UK

        On August 28, demonstrators protesting the government’s measures to curb COVID-19 in Scarborough, a resort town on England’s North Sea coast, surrounded and threatened Norton, a reporter for public broadcaster BBC, his cameraman, and a site producer, the journalist told CPJ via messaging app and local news site Yorkshire Live reported. CPJ was unable to determine the name of the cameraman or the site producer.

      • Afghan journalists’ battle: To keep free expression alive

        “Anyone who says we are not doing our job is obviously not watching our TV stations and programs,” says Saad Mohseni, head of the Moby media group, which includes the 24-hour Tolo News channel. “But for how long? I’m not sure,” says Mr. Mohseni, contacted in London. Tolo News notes that 153 local media organizations have shut down across Afghanistan in the past month.

        “I don’t want to get too optimistic, because I know things can change quickly,” Mr. Mohseni says. “And I don’t want to be too pessimistic, because so far [the Taliban] have given us enough freedom for us to be able to continue with our work.

        “It’s not even a day-to-day proposition,” he says. “It’s an hour-by-hour proposition.”

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • Opinion | ‘A Certain Terror’: A White Male Perspective on Being an Ally

        A version of this essay was presented to an online Diversity & Inclusion gathering on August 12, 2021

      • Mutual Aid — Not Police — Helped New Yorkers in the Wake of Hurricane Ida
      • Architect of Texas Abortion Ban Takes Aim at LGBTQ+ Rights While Urging Reversal of Roe

        Advocates for reproductive freedom and LGTBQ+ equality on Saturday pointed to a legal brief filed in a U.S. Supreme Court case that could soon overturn Roe v. Wade as a crucial example of the broader goals of those fighting to end abortion rights across the United States.

        “ALL anti-LGBTQ and anti-choice views stem from the same desire to control bodies.”—Zack Ford, Alliance for Justice

      • ‘Infuriating Disappointment’: Biden DHS Ramping Up Deportations to Haiti

        Still under fire from human rights advocates after appealing a court order to stop using the Covid-19 pandemic as justifation for expelling asylum-seeking families, the Biden administration on Saturday confirmed that it is ramping up deportations to Haiti and elsewhere.

        “It’s time to immediately stop all deportation and expulsion flights to Haiti. And to—finally—commit to a welcoming and fair approach at the border.”—Clara Long, HRW

      • Teamsters to hold unionization vote at Amazon warehouse in Alberta

        Teamsters Local Union 362 said Tuesday it has filed for a unionization vote at the Amazon warehouse in Nisku, Alta., just south of Edmonton. The Alberta Labour Relations Board must verify the application before a date is set, but the union expects a vote before the end of the year.

      • Time names revenge porn campaigner one of 100 most influential people

        Melo eventually decided to report what happened to the authorities, but her attempts only drew derision from an official who said that she since she was not drugged or raped, there was no crime. That was when she realized that things needed to change. She began compiling testimony from other victims of revenge porn and founded the National Front for Sorority to prevent abuse and support victims.

      • Michigan doctor in female genital mutilation case part of secret network who cut girls, feds say

        In a courtroom hearing Thursday, the government disclosed for the first time publicly that female physicians in California and Illinois also were performing the procedures on minor girls who belonged to their small Indian Muslim sect, known as the Dawoodi Bohras. They also alleged that Nagarwala — the lead defendant in Detroit’s historic female genital mutilation case — traveled to the Washington D.C. area to perform genital mutilation on as many as five minor girls there.

        As Department of Justice attorney Amy Markopoulos told a judge, these doctors “were in demand.”

      • Pastor “Macheted to Death” in Nigeria

        The International Society for Civil Liberties & the Rule of Law (Intersociety), a nonprofit based out of Nigeria, released a report in August stating that that 43,000 Christians were killed by Nigerian Islamic radicals in the last 12 years. 18,500 Christians have permanently disappeared, 17,500 churches have been attacked, 10 million Christians have been uprooted and about 2,000 Christian schools have been attacked.

      • ICC Rescues a Christian Driver in Pakistan

        In 2020, a Christian auto-rickshaw driver named Nasir was beaten and falsely accused of terrorism after he was told he could not pick up passengers from a local medical clinic. Although he enjoyed his driving business, Nasir explained that he “was often teased, discriminated against, and abused by Muslim drivers at the pickup point in front of a medical clinic.”

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • Can MIT’s Tim Berners-Lee Save the Web?

        Thirty years ago, MIT professor Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web and altered the course of human history. Now, in the face of misinformation, malicious behavior, and the exploitation of personal data online, he’s determined to slay the beast it has become.

    • Monopolies

      • South Korea fines Google ₩207 billion for forking up attempts at creating Android variants

        South Korea’s Fair Trade Commission has fined Google ₩207 billion (US$177M) for abusing its market dominance in mobile operating systems by prohibiting forks of Android.

        As explained in an announcement, the Commission took exception to Google’s practice of requiring companies that sought early access to information about forthcoming Android releases – essential info for handset-makers – to sign an anti-fragmentation agreement (AFA) that prohibited them from forking Android.

      • Patents

        • ToolGen Files Opposition to Broad Preliminary Motion No. 3 to De-Designate Claims as Corresponding to Either Interference Count [Ed: Latest in the manic attempt to patent life and nature]

          On May 28th, Junior Party the Broad Institute, Harvard University, and MIT (collectively, “Broad”) filed its Substantive Preliminary Motion No. 3 in CRISPR Interference No. 106,126 (where ToolGen is the Senior Party). This motion, pursuant to 37 C.F.R. §§ 41.121(a)(1)(iii) and 41.208(a)(1) requested that the Board de-designate Broad claims in these five categories as not corresponding to either Count 1 or proposed Count 2 (A-E) or Count 1 (F)…

        • ToolGen Files Opposition to Broad Contingent Preliminary Motion No. 2 to Add Claims Corresponding to the Count

          On May 28th, Junior Party the Broad Institute, Harvard University and MIT (collectively, “Broad”) filed its Contingent Preliminary Motion No. 2 in CRISPR Interference No. 106,126 (where ToolGen is the Senior Party), pursuant to 37 C.F.R. §§ 41.121(a)(1)(i) and 41.208(a)(2) and Standing Order (“SO”) 203.2. This motion is contingent on the Board’s grant of Broad’s Substantive Preliminary Motion No. 1. In that motion, Broad asked the Board to substitute (in part) a new Count No. 2 in place of Count 1 in the ’126 Interference as instituted (see “Broad Files Substantive Preliminary Motion No. 1 in CRISPR Interference”).

        • The Rise Of The Machines—When Inventions Invent [Ed: Deliberately mis-framing the problem for patent maximalist agenda]

          As some readers may recall, the increasing efficacy and ubiquity of artificial intelligence has instigated philosophical and legal debate concerning whether an artificial intelligence may itself be considered the inventor of an innovation it has generated. Granting a machine the status of an inventor would deviate from the traditional view that only a human being may be an inventor. The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) requested comment on various issues concerning patents of “AI inventions,” whether directed to or created using artificial intelligence. Among the questions the USPTO solicited was:

        • Expert instructions for instructing experts – Carpmaels & Ransford [Ed: Patent litigation profiteers on how to exploit scientists (experts) to help lawyers and other parasites (such as patent trolls) take money away from other scientists]

          Expert evidence is key to a UK patent case. Ordinarily the role of an expert witness is to provide an independent, impartial and objective opinion on technical matters within their expertise, with the dual objective of helping the court understand the technical issues and to educate the court as to what people working in the relevant field were doing and thinking at the relevant time (usually the priority date of the patent in suit, which may be many years prior to the litigation). However, the nature of a typical patent action means that the expert will also likely be required to consider concepts from patent law that are unlikely to be familiar, such as the identity of the skilled person, the state of the common general knowledge, and the legal tests for obviousness and sufficiency (although ultimately these are matters for the court to decide). As Mr Justice Arnold (as he then was) put it in MedImmune Ltd v Novartis Pharmaceuticals UK Ltd & Anor[1]:

        • FDA, Some Senators Voice Concern Over Drug-Patenting Process

          The Senate and the FDA are appealing to the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) to examine how it can limit the ability of pharmaceutical companies to leverage patent strategies to extend their drug monopolies. In separate letters last week to the USPTO, FDA acting Commissioner Janet Woodcock, M.D., and Sens. Patrick Leahy, D-Vermont, and Thom Tillis, R-North Carolina, of the Senate Judiciary Intellectual Property Subcommittee provided (PDF) suggestions on how the organization can better screen patent applications. (Dunleavy, 9/14)

        • AI Inventorship Decision Leaves Open Questions [Ed: Can we stop calling everything "Hey Hi" for the sake of patent agenda? This is infantile and laughable beyond belief. What have lawyers sunk to?]

          Earlier this month, the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia issued the first court opinion in this country addressing whether an AI system can be named as an inventor on a patent.[1]

          Consistent with decisions from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, as well as the European Patent Office, or EPO, and U.K. Intellectual Property Office, or IPO, the court in Thaler v. Iancu found that an AI system cannot be named as an inventor on a patent, holding that an inventor must be a natural person.

        • AIA – 10 Year Anniversary

          Sept 16, 2021 is the 10 year anniversary of enactment of the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act of 2011. I’ve got a quick anonymous survey below (5 minutes) on the impact.

        • AIA 10 year Survey Results [Ed: Improved patent quality and squashed most software patents. Remember that Patently-O is sponsored by a patent litigation firm, whose clients include parasites and trolls. They don't care about science.]

          The patent system has seen tremendous change over the past decade. A large part of the transformation stemmed from the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act of 2011 that was enacted ten years ago in September 2011. Earlier this week, I conducted a quick survey of Patently-O readers asking for their thoughts on the impact of the AIA, which has repeatedly been heralded as the largest change to the U.S. patent system since the Patent Act of 1952. We have about 600 responses.


          The survey included an open-ended response block asking “What else do you have to say about the impact of the AIA?” About 1/3 of responses included these additional thoughts. My survey tool (Qualtrics) used semantic analysis on these responses and reports that the sentiment expressed was most often generally either “negative” or “very negative.” (65% Negative or Very Negative; 25% Mixed; 10% Positive or Very Positive).

          Some comments focused on the AIA coupled with Eligibility Decisions have “decimated the patent system”; “Devalued IP”; and “greatly reduced the value of U.S. patents” all “to the benefit of large enterprises.” ” A real mess.”

        • Standard Essential Patents in Italy: a review of the existing case law (Part II) [Ed: Those are patents that ought not exist in the first place because they obstruct competition and harm innovation]

          In April Enrico Bonadio, Luke McDonagh and Francesco Chierichetti reported in this blog four decisions in Italian SEP-related litigations. Since then, thanks to further research and inputs from friends and colleagues, we have come across some other unpublished decisions, which we want to highlight here.

      • Trademarks

        • Solo Cup Company Got Artist’s Instagram Nuked for Using Famous Jazz Pattern

          Instagram deleted the account of an artist producing work critical of Solo Cup Company, maker of the iconic, disposable red cup.

          “My intent was just to talk about paper plates,” artist Christopher Locke told Motherboard. Now his account, his followers, and years of conversations with fellow artists are gone. (disclosure: Motherboard has commissioned two pieces from Locke in 2019.

      • Copyrights

IRC Proceedings: Saturday, September 18, 2021

Posted in IRC Logs at 2:52 am by Needs Sunlight

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