Links 08/05/2022: A Look at CrowPI2 and Release of Linux 5.18 RC6

Posted in News Roundup at 5:19 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • CrowPI2: Reviewing the Famous all-in-one STEM Solution

        Raspberry PI computer boards are famous for learning to code and small electronics projects. By using the beards as is, you will need cabling and buying the needed sensors. CrowPI2 gives a different way of thinking about Raspberry PI with an innovative laboratory layout

        The CrowPi2 is a device which appears, at a first look, as classic netbooks, that were small and very cheap notebooks spreading the computer market in 2010.

      • Linuxiac4 Major Distros in the History of Linux That Shaped the Linux World

        The Linux world is incredibly diverse, but it started with a few major Linux distros. Here’s who they are!

        There are currently hundreds of active Linux distros, but only a few of them can be described as the mothers and fathers of everything else we know these days as Linux.

        They are the ones who have laid the foundation that almost every single Linux distro today stands on. Loved by some or disliked by others, they are the shoulders on which the modern Linux world has stood to get where it is today.

        This article will focus on each of them, giving them all the respect they deserve. They are all distros created from scratch, making them one of the so-called original Linux distros, ones that are not based on anything before them.

      • Linux Made SimpleLinux Weekly Roundup #181

        We had a good week in the world of Linux releases, with Voyager 22.04.1, SparkyLinux 6.3, and Nitrux 20220503.

    • Server

      • Ubuntu Pit20 Best Linux Media Server Distros & Software for Your Home Theater PC

        People who love home theater PC are constantly getting interested in Linux since Microsoft made a wall above the Windows Media Center Edition for the users. As an open source operating system, Linux provides more opportunities to create and maintain a home theater PC. But you will need a Linux Media Server software or distro for that. It can help you to set up a cost and resource-effective media server, which ultimately lets you watch, share, or listen to all the media files from a remote location on your Smartphone or desktop.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • Linus Torvalds: Linux 5.18-rc6
        So 5.18 is looking like it's going to be one of the larger releases in
        numbers of commits (we'll see where it ends up - it's going to be
        neck-and-neck with 5.14 right now, but won't be as big as 5.13 was).
        But despite the merge window being big, the release candidates have
        generally been quite modest in size, and rc6 continues that trend. I
        keep expecting the other shoe to drop, but 5.18 just seems to be quite
        Let's see if this jinxes it, but nothing looks particularly scary
        here. rc6 looks to be mostly some driver updates (network drivers and
        rdma stand out, small random fixes elsewhere), with the usual
        smattering of architecture updates (x86 kvm fixes, but also a
        long-standing x86 kernel FP use issue, and a smattering of parisc and
        powerpc fixes). And some wireguard selftest updates.
        The rest is mostly some btrfs fixes, some core networking, and just
        random small one-offs elsewhere.
        Please do go test it all out - because things may look good now, but
        continued testing is the only thing that will make sure.
      • The sixth version of patches for the Linux kernel with support for the Rust language

        Miguel Ojeda, author of the Rust-for-Linux, proposed the release of v6 components for Rust device driver development for Linux kernel developers to consider. This is the seventh edition of the patches, taking into account the first version, published without a version number. Rust support is considered experimental, but is already included in the linux-next branch and mature enough to start working on creating abstraction layers over kernel subsystems, as well as writing drivers and modules. The development is funded by Google and the ISRG (Internet Security Research Group), which is the founder of the Let’s Encrypt project and promotes HTTPS and the development of technologies to increase the security of the Internet.

    • Applications

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • H2S MediaHow to install Podman on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Linux – Linux Shout

        Follow the steps of this tutorial to install the Podman container tool on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy JellyFish Linux for creating virtual containers.

        Podman is a container tool for virtualizing applications. It was originally developed by Red Hat and originated in the Cri-O project, which develops a lightweight container runtime environment for Kubernetes as an alternative to the Docker runtime environment.

        It is compatible with Docker on the command line however doesn’t rely on the Docker daemon. Hence, we can use its Container Engine to provide containers without root access. Buildah is the Image builder used by Podman.

      • Linux Made SimpleHow to install Eclipse IDE on a Chromebook

        Today we are looking at how to install Eclipse IDE on a Chromebook. Please follow the video/audio guide as a tutorial where we explain the process step by step and use the commands below.

      • VideoHow to install Inkscape on Debian 11 – Invidious

        In this video, we are looking at how to install Inkscape on Debian 11.

      • Ubuntu HandbookHow to Create USB Installer for Windows 7/8/10 in Ubuntu 22.04 Linux
      • The New StackHow to Manage your Docker Containers with DockStation – The New Stack

        When you go to find a GUI tool to manage your Docker containers, you’ll find more options than you can imagine. Those tools range from the overly simplistic to the remarkably complicated, and everything in between. Every so often, however, you’ll find a desktop client that does an outstanding job of making container management much easier.

      • GNU Linux Debian – how to view chm (windows help) files

        chm files are basically html files packed into an archive.

      • ID RootHow To Install PostgreSQL on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install PostgreSQL on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, PostgreSQL is a popular and powerful open-source relational database management system that has been adopted for running mission-critical applications. It supports a large part of the SQL standard and is designed to be extensible by users in many aspects. Some of the features are ACID transactions, foreign keys, views, sequences, subqueries, triggers, user-defined types and functions, outer joins, and many more.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the PostgreSQL relational database management on Ubuntu 22.04 (Jammy Jellyfish). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 22.04 and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint, Elementary OS, Pop!_OS, and more as well.

      • How To Download Ubuntu in Step by Step

        This tutorial explains in step by step how you can download Ubuntu computer operating system from the internet. This includes various methods to do so, among them are via torrents and mirrors, and how to further verify the ISO file with the official checksums. This excludes how to create a bootable media, as it’s been covered in a separate tutorial.

      • Linux MintHow to upgrade to LMDE 5 – The Linux Mint Blog

        It is now possible to upgrade LMDE 4 to version 5.

      • How to Install juffEd Development Environment on Ubuntu 20.04

        If you are an application developer you are probably already using a text editor or IDE, but if you are a novice you are likely overwhelmed by the sheer number of solutions out there. In any case, it pays to learn about new tools so that you can get the most out of them. Today, you’ll learn how to install juffEd Development Environment on Ubuntu 20.04. In addition to this, we’ll tell you a bit about it.

    • Games

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • KDE Plasma 5.25: Top New Features and Release Details

          We will give you the feature summary of the KDE Plasma 5.25 desktop environment (upcoming).

          KDE Plasma 5.25 is the 27th version of KDE Plasma desktop, not an LTS release. This release is followed by the prior 5.24 LTS, released in February. KDE Plasma 5.25 brings several exciting updates on the desktop UI, polished applets, widgets, a good set of gesture updates for touch-based devices and a massive list of bug fixes. Plasma 5.25 is based on Qt 5.15.2 and KDE Frameworks 5.94.

    • Distributions

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Kevin Fenzi: Onlykey DUO

          Next, I tried to enroll a otp for our Fedora account system, but found that the TOTP secret wouldn’t work. Further investigation showed that the onlykey NEO only supports sha1 for TOTP secrets and our account system uses SHA512. ;( There’s a old closed ticket about this on the onlykey firmware repo: https://github.com/trustcrypto/OnlyKey-Firmware/issues/101

          There’s also no way to generate a ssh private key on the device (like you can using the opensc support on a yubikey). You can generate ecdsa sk openssh keys, which is great, but not too useful to me yet as RHEL7 and RHEL8 don’t support them.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • MedevelmdSilo is an outstanding open-source note-taking app for the active mind

        mdSilo is a super lightweight knowledge-base and note-taking software for people who constantly taking notes.

        It leverages Markdown for note-taking, internal tagging and backlinks, and building a connected network between notes for easy browsing.

        mdSilo is built using Tauri, a revolutionary framework for building desktop applications on top of Rust and HTML/ JavaScript. It also uses React and Slate.

        You can use mdSilo to organize anything, your personal note, code, tasks, personal projects, and keep track of your educational curve.


        mdSilo is released under the GNU Affero General Public License v3.0.

      • OpenSource.comHow open source leads the way for sustainable technology | Opensource.com

        There’s a palpable change in the air regarding sustainability and environmental issues. Concern for the condition of the planet and efforts to do something about it have gone mainstream. To take one example, look at climate-based venture capitalism. The Climate Tech Venture Capital (CTVC) Climate Capital List has more than doubled in the past two years. The amount of capital pouring in demonstrates a desire and a willingness to solve hard climate challenges.

        It’s great that people want to take action, and I’m here for it! But I also see a real risk: As people rush to take action or jump on the bandwagon, they may unwittingly participate in greenwashing.

        The Wikipedia definition of greenwashing calls it “a form of marketing spin in which green PR and green marketing are deceptively used to persuade the public that an organization’s products, aims, and policies are environmentally friendly.” In my view, greenwashing happens both intentionally and accidentally. There are a lot of good people out there who want to make a difference but don’t yet know much about complex environmental systems or the depth of issues around sustainability.

      • MedevelMagda is an open-source Big Data cataloging system

        Magda is a data catalog system that will provide a single place where all of an organization’s data can be cataloged, enriched, searched, tracked and prioritized – whether big or small, internally or externally sourced, available as files, databases or APIs. Magda is designed specifically around the concept of federation – providing a single view across all data of interest to a user, regardless of where the data is stored or where it was sourced from.

        The system is able to quickly crawl external data sources, track changes, make automatic enhancements and make notifications when changes occur, giving data users a one-stop shop to discover all the data that’s available to them.


        Magda is released under the Apache-2.0 License

      • Programming/Development

        • Linux Links7 Top Free and Open Source Crystal Web Frameworks

          One of the types of software that’s important for a web developer is the web framework. A framework “is a code library that makes a developer’s life easier when building reliable, scalable, and maintainable web applications” by providing reusable code or extensions for common operations. By saving development time, developers can concentrate on application logic rather than mundane elements.

          A web framework offers the developer a choice about how to solve a specific problem. By using a framework, a developer lets the framework control portions of their application. While it’s perfectly possible to code a web application without using a framework, it’s more practical to use one.

        • lispreading

          One thing that I would like to understand better is the place of code walking in macro programming. The Raskin paper explains that it is not possible to write a fully correct code walker in ANSI CL. Consfigurator currently uses Raskin’s best-effort portable code walker. Common Lisp: The Language 2 includes a few additional functions which didn’t make it into the ANSI standard that would make it possible to write a fully correct code walker, and most implementations of CL provide them under one name or another. So one possibility is to write a code walker in terms of ANSI CL + those few additional functions, and then use a portability layer to get access to those functions on different implementations (e.g. trivial-cltl2).

          However, both On Lisp and Let Over Lambda, the two most substantive texts on CL macrology, both explicitly put code walking out-of-scope. I am led to wonder: does the Zen of Common Lisp-style macrology involve doing without code walking? One key idea with macros is to productively blur the distinction between designing languages and writing code in those languages. If your macros require code walking, have you perhaps ended up too far to the side of designing whole languages? Should you perhaps rework things so as not to require the code walking? Then it would matter less that those parts of CLtL2 didn’t make it into ANSI. Graham notes in ch. 17 of On Lisp that read macros are technically more powerful than defmacro because they can do everything that defmacro can and more. But it would be a similar sort of mistake to conclude that Lisp is about read macros rather than defmacro.

        • MedevelTerriaJS is an open-source web-based geospatial cataloging framework

          TerriaJS is a feature rich open source solution for building amazing spatial data federation web platforms.

        • Thorsten Alteholz: My Debian Activities in April 2022

          This month I accepted 186 and rejected 26 packages. The overall number of packages that got accepted was 188.

        • MedevelrevealJS is an open-source presentation framework

          reveal.js is an open source HTML presentation framework. It enables anyone with a web browser to create beautiful presentations for free.

          Presentations made with reveal.js are built on open web technologies. That means anything you can do on the web, you can do in your presentation. Change styles with CSS, include an external web page using an <iframe> or add your own custom behavior using our JavaScript API.

          You can use Markdown to create a stylish presentation with reveal.js. Developers can easily embed reveal.js in their web projects.

        • Perl/Raku

        • Python

          • On forms of apparent progress « Paul Boddie’s Free Software-related blog

            Over the years, I have had a few things to say about technological change, churn, and the appearance of progress, a few of them touching on the evolution and development of the Python programming language. Some of my articles have probably seemed a bit outspoken, perhaps even unfair. It was somewhat reassuring, then, to encounter the reflections of a longstanding author of Python books and his use of rather stronger language than I think I ever used. It was also particularly reassuring because I apparently complain about things in far too general a way, not giving specific examples of phenomena for anything actionable to be done about them. So let us see whether we can emerge from the other end of this article in better shape than we are at this point in it.

            Now, the longstanding author in question is none other than Mark Lutz whose books “Programming Python” and “Learning Python” must surely have been bestsellers for their publisher over the years. As someone who has, for many years, been teaching Python to a broad audience of newcomers to the language and to programming in general, his views overlap with mine about how Python has become increasingly incoherent and overly complicated, as its creators or stewards pursue some kind of agenda of supposed improvement without properly taking into account the needs of the broadest reaches of its user community. Instead, as with numerous Free Software projects, an unscrutable “vision” is used to impose change based on aesthetics and contemporary fashions, unrooted in functional need, by self-appointed authorities who often lack an awareness or understanding of historical precedent or genuine user need.

  • Leftovers

    • E-mails Aren’t Really Letters

      Fine. Opening a conversation in a friendly matter similar to an actual letter is okay. It’s polite, I guess, though a little verbose in some attempt to show that thought and time has gone into it. Or maybe just to shift the content to signature ratio a bit.

      You answer in similar fashion. Probably top posting, which means that you just hit “reply” and start typing without lending a thought to the fact that all previous messages in the conversation will be cited in your response.

      Then that person replies. Again with the full “Hello, Person” introduction and gigantic signature. Before you know it you have a full conversation where each new message contains more than ten full “Hello, Person”s complete with filler text and automatically appended big signatures that nobody reads (see footnote).

    • Response to Greenfeld’s System to Stay in Touch with Hundreds of Peopl

      A quick summary of it is that Jakob managed to implement Derek Sivers’s method of staying in touch with hundreds of people[2], by which you categorize people into four levels of importance that dictate how often you should contact them. Sort of like MySpace’s top friends feature but even more punishing.

    • Integrity/Availability

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • The Two-Dimensional Political Compass is an Insult

        One nauseating political meme has survived too long – the two-axis political-compass.

        “You see”, (someone explains), you might be left or right wing, but you can also be more or less authoritarian or libertarian.

        I get the idea. People’s political ideas don’t really divide well into Left and Right, so a little nuance wanders in to bandage the oddity.

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • Eindhoven continues to be the innovation hub [Ed: Conflating patents with "innovation" to help the EPO spread mindless propaganda, supportive of an agenda to grant fake patents in bulk]

          Phillips rises to the occasion, becoming the company that applied for the most patents.

        • B# On Demand abandons own Federal Circuit appeal

          On April 22, 2022, the Federal Circuit granted B# On Demand LLC’s motion to dismiss its Federal Circuit appeal in Case No. 22-1357 (see below). Unified had won on all issues at the PTAB (IPR2020-00995), which resulted in claims 1–10, 13–22, and 25–34 of U.S. Patent 9,553,880 being found unpatentable. The patent is related to on-demand distribution of subscription media and had been asserted against Spotify.

        • PTAB Discretionary Denials Fall; Board Time Spent on Issue Rises

          In 2021, in more than 45% of all IPR institution decisions (420 of 918), the PTAB spent considerable time and resources dealing with the discretionary considerations under the NHK Spring-Fintiv rule. But with more than a year since Director Iancu stepped down from the USPTO, Fintiv and 314(a) denials have plummeted dramatically. In Q1 of 2022, only 37 petitions have been denied on procedural grounds, and such denials on procedural grounds are projected to decrease by 17% year-over-year as seen below.

        • PATROLL aims to shatter records in 2022

          PATROLL, Unified Patents’ only Crowd Sourced Prior Art platform, has hit numerous milestones since being launched in 2018. So far in 2022, there have been 81 contests announced, versus 42 in 2021, and currently 34 active contests with $68,000 in total prizes. We are extremely happy to announce that over the last month, 29 contests have ended with over 170 total submissions, and nearly $30,000 paid to winning submissions. That averages nearly 6 submissions per contest.

        • After Feldges: Allen & Overy’s patent team secures succession [Ed: More ads/spam disguised as reporting; this publisher profits from promotion of law firms that sue with patents, so there’s a conflict of interest, too; Mathieu Klos speaks of “the potential UPC” without noting that it is illegal]

          Pharmaceuticals expert Joachim Feldges has left the partnership and the Allen & Overy patent team. The 63-year-old Munich patent litigator had already surpassed the Magic Circle firm’s age-limit for the partnership. Now he has set up his own firm in Munich. With his departure, the patent team has finally completed its long-awaited generational change.

        • “The CJEU has clarified PI case law for Europe’s judges” [Ed: There is no such thing as "Europe’s patent community"; those are parasites and this piece is lobbying disguised as journalism, citing "tweets"; Konstanze Richter speaks of "the impending UPC" even though it's neither legal nor certain]

          Social media reaction suggests that Europe’s patent community has met the CJEU’s latest decision on preliminary injunctions with broad approval. However, as is so often the case, the devil is in the detail.

          Case law that finds only patents that have survived opposition or nullity suits worthy of a PI is discriminatory. Indeed, this case law excludes newly-granted IP rights, such as in the case referred by the Munich Regional Court. Patents never challenged with an opposition or nullity action are also excluded, with patent owners having no influence on either. Nevertheless, patent owners should still be able to access effective protection of their rights for such patents.

          Tobias Pichlmaier, current presiding judge at the 37th Civil Chamber at the Munich Regional Court, therefore had no choice but to submit the question to the CJEU. Based on established case law, if the Munich Regional Court had granted a preliminary injunction, a second-instance court would almost certainly have overturned the decision.

          Now, rather than dismissing a PI for an as-yet unchallenged patent, judges must take a closer look at the technology. They must also consider the possible validity of a patent-in-suit. As a result, a further backlog of cases might occur, since proceedings could take longer. But the CJEU has no doubt streamlined the judicial approach.


          In recent years, both the EPO and national patent offices, lately the French INPI, have worked to improve the quality of granted patents. Many in the patent community have repeatedly criticised the EPO in particular for its long-pursued strategy of increasing efficiency. Stakeholders complained that the desire for high productivity led to problems in patent examinations, and thus to poorer quality. They claimed that patent examiners have insufficient time for the individual applications.

          The EPO’s strategic plan for 2023, unveiled in 2019, focused on patent quality – but the negative effects of increased efficiency linger. This is specially in the minds of many stakeholders, who still do not trust the quality of patents.

          Until patent quality visibly increases, as more patents survive oppositions and nullity suits unscathed, the infringement judges must take the matter into their own hands. They must examine patent validity intensively and decide, based on this, whether to grant a preliminary injunction.


          As a result, the CJEU ruling contributes to a more uniform case law among German courts. This is especially important in view of the impending UPC, where German judges are sure to play an important role.

        • INTA 2022: Office heads tout pros of unified IP agencies [Ed: There is no such thing as "IP"; they just try to combined totally different things, based on lobbyists' suggestions]
      • Copyrights

UPC: “A Neo-colonialist Plot”

Posted in Deception, Europe, Patents at 12:01 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link | md5sum 0c08b64f7556fd53968332478203e183
Team UPC Lies Explained
Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivative Works 4.0

Summary: The EPO is harming the European Union because its handlers try to ratify an illegal system under the guise of unity

HAVING just published the weekly screenshots of UPC lies (we’ve been doing this every weekend, usually on Sundays, for quite a while now), I want to comment on what’s wrong with it. It’s not just immoral; it is illegal.

To make matters worse, those lies and illegalities harm the EU, which I care deeply for. Benoît Battistelli and António Campinos care only about their personal gain, which relies on destroying the patent system on behalf of bankers and lawyers, mostly at the expense of science and technology. It’s crude financialization.

Meanwhile, the media has quit covering the issue. Dr. Glyn Moody asked the EPO about it 6 years ago and then said: “When asked by Ars, the EPO’s spokesperson mentioned the imminent arrival of the unitary patent system as an important reason for revising the EPO’s internal rules…”

Notice the choice of words “imminent arrival”. That was 2016! They keep lying*.

Dr. Moody, author of Rebel Code, has also said that intellectual monopoly is “a neo-colonialist plot to ensure the continuing dominance of Western nations.”

He’s not fooled by the spiel about “innovation” and other buzzwords.

Contrariwise, Juve has transformed itself into an English-speaking propaganda site (it used to do actual reporting on EPO abuses, albeit in German only). To give two new examples from Daily Links [1, 2], Mathieu Klos, the chief editor, speaks of “the potential UPC” without noting that it is illegal. That’s just more ads/spam disguised as reporting and this publisher profits from promotion of law firms that sue with patents, so there’s a conflict of interest, too. Mathieu’s colleague, Konstanze, meanwhile speaks of “the impending UPC” even though it’s neither legal nor certain. She keeps referring to a “community” (by which she means people who charge 200-300 euros per hour). There is no such thing as “Europe’s patent community”; those are parasites and this piece is lobbying disguised as journalism, citing “tweets” (which aren’t valid sources and aren’t fact-checked, either). Twitter is curated by and for billionaires, nowadays under the guise of "news".
* Whilst using lies about the UPC (as a lobbying tactic) may not be outright illegal, such lies can be a violation of trust in the context of a legal profession as they have binding commitments and they cannot mislead politicians or bribe politicians in this fashion. If clients pay them a lot of money only to be lied to, then these clients can file formal complaints. So we generally think that calling them out on their lies certainly helps prevent repetition (of such lies), sometimes it even helps to passively silence them as they don’t want to get caught and risk getting disbarred/sanctioned/sacked. They disengage or retire.

[Meme] He is the EPO’s President

Posted in Europe, Patents at 9:42 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

European Patent Convention; I am the f***ing president!!
Stop obstructing the speculation-loving banker who has no understanding of patents (meme template: scene from American Psycho with investment banker Patrick Bateman)

Summary: EPO President António Campinos has reached the "let me through!" or the "let me in!" moment (like Lukashenko 2 years ago)

The Charade of Fake News and Lobbying (Based on Lies) by Team UPC

Posted in Deception, Europe, Patents at 9:10 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Rory O’Neill/UPC seminar: in-house to ramp up plans in next few months:  Funded by litigation companies; Lobbying; Why? To fake process? But UPC neither exists, nor is it legal

Conference & CLE Calendar: UPC lobbying and sales calendar

D Young & Co LLP - Rachel Bateman: UPC preparations - five actions to take now: To help the lobbyists with self-fulfilling prophecies...

Opinion: UPC should look to CJEU on transparency: Max Walters: Legality; Illegal; Compliance with the law; Kangaroo court

D Young & Co LLP - Alice Stuart-Grumbar: UP & UPC - representation and judges: EPO kangaroos; This does not even exist and it's not legal

Bristows LLC: Bristows/Gregory Bacon: Appointment, training and remuneration of UPC judges; No such thing exists. Bristows said the same 5+ years ago!!

Fake advice: D Young & Co LLP - Alice Stuart-Grumbar: UP & UPC - structure, language & where to start a case: No such system even exists! Advice on an illegal and unconstitutional wishlist

Summary: The EPO‘s replace-courts-with-kangaroo-courts project is based on lies, disinformation (worse than misinformation), fabrication, and glorification of illegal actions, overt violations of constitutions, conventions being ignored, court-rigging, and even habitual perjury (at the expense of the EU’s legitimacy), so we continue watching and reporting the prominent culprits

THIS post will be followed by a video. I wish to express my concerns about Team UPC not only lying but also shamelessly pushing illegal agenda under the guise of law firms with legal advice (yes, the irony).

We’ve noticed a slowdown — a considerable slowdown in fact — even though the EPO’s Web site has had lots of dininformation plastered onto its front page a little over a week ago (epo.org has become rather farcical). It was around the time António Campinos was having a breakdown; go read all these comments (especially the comments!) because it looks like a turning point has been reached. Benoît Battistelli‘s boy sees no way forward other than bullying and cursing at those who merely point out facts and tell the truth. That’s the last step before declaring defeat.

Debian is Not Defending Volunteers by SLAPPing Other Volunteers, It Just Tarnishes the Community’s Reputation and Brand

Posted in Debian, GNU/Linux, Law at 7:38 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link | md5sum 1639f04d8aa93b37596fc72b3d7457c7
Debian Trademarks and SLAPP
Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivative Works 4.0

Summary: Volunteers of Debian face an unwelcoming gesture not because of critics online but because it seems clear that Debian leadership misuses very limited Debian funds to SLAPP disgruntled volunteers; the project is not in good hands and this needs to be corrected before it gets yet worse

THE video above is an expression of an opinion, not to be taken out of context by selective quoting (hence the licence). It deals with a couple of blog posts [1, 2] about Debian — through SPI — doing to a former volunteer what ICBM — via Fedora and some external law firm — did to that same former volunteer*. Internet tribunals deem that kind of SLAPP a form of “harassment” (to quote directly) as it’s a slap across to face to the notion of free speech online.

“Some people donate hard-earned money thinking that they help Free software projects and their money ends up landing in the bank accounts of millionaire bullies who use Microsoft Windows to type threatening letters to people who actually develop Free software.”By curious coincidence, Francis Gurry (WIPO) comes from the same university as the volunteer and Julian Assange too comes from there. WIPO has long been a big bully, fronting for corporate bullies. That they’re now going under the skin of volunteers is a really low blow, even if their laws get weaponised by opportunistic lawyers who never even used GNU/Linux and don’t have the most basic understanding of how the Free software community actually functions. Debian ought not waste its constrained budget literally paying bullies, as happened before. I too have been a victim of such bullying, even as recently as months ago. Some people donate hard-earned money thinking that they help Free software projects and their money ends up landing in the bank accounts of millionaire bullies who use Microsoft Windows to type threatening letters to people who actually develop Free software.

The Debian trademark is now being mishandled by few individuals working for large corporations, just like the Linux Foundation misuses the "Linux" brand.
* They just don't care about the people who did all the work without being paid for it. How’s that for gratitude?

On the Cusp of Widespread Adoption of GNU/Linux in More Countries

Posted in GNU/Linux, Microsoft, Windows at 6:02 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link | md5sum 45932bcae1d06970a2c702c721d87a48
China and GNU for Domestic Control
Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivative Works 4.0

Summary: It looks like China may soon migrate 50 million PCs to GNU/Linux, according to the corporate media controlled by an American oligarch

THE GNU/Linux operating system is a global project. It’s neither a country nor a company. This means that corporations struggle to just extinguish the thing; they try to shoot down people, instead. They prop up front groups like the so-called ‘Linux’ Foundation to achieve that. It’s all about control.

“It’s all about control.”The video above concerns an extended interpretation of a paywalled wall of text from Wall Street-leaning media (the parts about GNU/Linux are sheltered away behind a paywall). It looks like China may soon migrate 50 million PCs to GNU/Linux.

Links 08/05/2022: Nextcloud Hub 24 and Tor 0.4.7

Posted in News Roundup at 3:58 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Applications

      • A Critique of Lagrange

        This is not a full review of Lagrange, but rather discussing one specific aspect of it. My intention here is to start a conversation.

      • Nextcloud Hub 24 automates data export and import – LinuxStoney

        Nextcloud Hub 24 is the latest from “the world’s most widespread collaboration platform, used by tens of millions of private users, governments, and Fortune 500 companies alike to reclaim data sovereignty and privacy.” This is how the project introduces the new version of it, the first to see the light this year 2022.

        Without much fanfare, however, Nextcloud Hub 24 is the new version of the old Nextcloud , renamed Nextcloud Hub a few versions ago to reflect its status as an application suite, something that serves more than one thing – it serves many, in fact – although its basic function as Dropbox to free and self-managed software does not change, because everything continues to revolve around that.

      • Tor 0.4.7 Stable Version Released – LinuxStoney

        The release of the Tor toolkit used to organize the work of the anonymous Tor network is presented. Tor is recognized as the first stable release of the 0.4.7 branch, which has been in development for the past ten months. The 0.4.7 branch will be maintained as part of the regular maintenance cycle – updates will be discontinued 9 months later or 3 months after the release of the 0.4.8.x branch.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • DJ AdamsConverting strings to objects with jq

        In preparing some data for another upcoming blog post, I needed to convert a list of fully qualified GitHub repository names into a JSON array of single-property objects (to reflect the style of JSON output from GitHub’s gh CLI). I achieved this with a short jq filter. Here’s how, recorded here, with my working thoughts, mostly for my outboard memory.

      • DJ AdamsSome thoughts on jq and statelessness

        I came across a great article via lobsters recently: Introducing zq: an Easier (and Faster) Alternative to jq. I posted some brief thoughts on it over on the lobsters thread, and in the spirit of “owning your own words”, I thought I’d write them up here too.

        I do like articles like this, that show and lay out the thinking behind the conclusion, and along the way, impart knowledge about the topic at hand. Especially when they’re on a subject I’m eager to learn more about.

        While reading the article a couple of things struck me.

      • Linux HintTouch Command in Ubuntu 22.04

        Touch command in Ubuntu 22.04 serves various purposes such as generating files or sets of files, altering the modification or access times of files, etc. Moreover this command can be used to classify files based on their timestamps without causing any changes to the files. Besides this you can set the date and time of modification of a file according to your desire using the touch command.

        In this blog we have elaborated the usage of a touch command in Ubuntu 22.04 by demonstrating some basic and advanced examples of this command. Without any further ado let’s get started.

      • UNIX CopDeploy your own personalized wiki: Bookstack on Docker

        Bookstack is an Opensource self-hosted wiki service which can handle any of your guides, references, flowcharts, Has built in integration of diagrams.net which you can use to create aesthetic diagrams.

      • UNIX CopConfigure Apache2 to use SSL Client Authentication

        SSL Client Authentication is a process by which a server checks client provided certificate to make an SSL connection. If the client certificate is trusted, then a successful SSL connection is made with server. Else client is denied access to the website.

        This is useful when you want only specific clients/people to access your website even by keeping your website public. You can add the SSL Client Authentication in location block as well for Apache to restrict specific paths to allow only SSL Authorized users.

        Here are the steps to configure this on Apache server

      • Linux HintAdd-Apt-Repository Without User Input Prompt

        In Linux OS, a number of packages are installed by default. However, these packages are never enough. You may need several packages over time. The Linux distribution Ubuntu uses apt for installing, updating, and removing the packages. The apt keeps the repositories in the single sources.list file under the /etc/apt/ directory. It also keeps the repositories in separate (.list) files under the /etc/apt/sources.list.d directory. To add a repository in Ubuntu, you need to either edit these files or you can use the add-apt-repository.

      • Linux HintHow to Install and Use Webmin in Ubuntu 22.04

        Webmin is a web-based interface for Linux-based systems administration. It permits you to operate a server from the console or remotely, eliminating the requirement to change Linux/Unix configuration files manually. You can also utilize the Webmin interface for configuring operating system internals such as disc quotas, services or configuration files, and open source applications like MySQL, PHP, DNS, Apache, or Tomcat.

        This write-up will discuss the procedure to install and use Webmin in Ubuntu 22.04. So, let’s start!

      • Linux HintHow to find the IP address of the Raspberry Pi operating system

        The Raspberry Pi operating system is also a type of Debian-based Linux distribution so the commands of the command-line interface are almost the same so we can find out the IP address of the Raspberry Pi similarly we find in any other Debian based distribution..

        In this write-up, we will find out about the methods by which we can find out the IP address of the Raspberry Pi operating system, but before proceeding towards these methods, we will explore what the IP address is.

      • Linux HintHow to install and use veracrypt on Ubuntu 22.04

        VeraCrypt is an open-source data encryption utility to encrypt a drive or the whole system storage. VeraCrypt is the descendent of the obsolete encryption utility named TrueCrypt.

        VeraCrypt is derived from the source code of TrueCrypt. However, it overcomes the limitations of TrueCrypt. For instance, VeraCrypt is equipped with various encryption algorithms such as AES (Advanced Encryption Standard), Camelia, Kuznyechik, Serpent, and Twofish. Additionally, VeraCrypt provides support to combine various algorithms from the above-mentioned algorithms.

      • Linux HintHow to install Android Studio on Ubuntu 22.04

        Android studio is one of the many tools available that are used for android development. This is a cross-platform tool that works on many operating systems and has numerous built-in features and comes with multiple layouts for generating eye catchy GUI. These features were one reason why this tool replaced the formerly popular tool Eclipse IDE.

        You can install Android Studio on Ubuntu 22.04 using two methods which are either using android-studio repository or Snap. Both of these methods have been discussed here in detail.

      • Linux HintHow to Install Apache on Ubuntu 22.04

        Apache web server is developed by “Robert McCool”. This open-source web server is responsible for accepting the HTTP requests from the users and providing the requested information in the form of web pages and files. It is mainly utilized by programmers for code testing. Apache also offers a secure file-sharing feature that permits users to store their important files in its root directory and share them with other users.

        This write-up will discuss the method to install Apache on Ubuntu 22.04. So, let’s start!

      • Linux HintHow to Install Discord on Ubuntu 22.04

        Discord is a social application that is used by millions of people to text, video, and voice chat with their friends and social communities. Discord is free and can be utilized on multiple devices. Users can exchange messages, and share media and files either in private chat or in groups called servers. This app was originally developed for the gamers to chat meanwhile playing games.

        This app is cross-platform compatible and can be used on Windows, Linux Distros, or Mac OS. In this blog, we will teach various ways with which you can install discord on Ubuntu 22.04.

      • Linux HintHow to Check and Update Java Version on Ubuntu 22.04?

        Java is a general-purpose client-side programming language that serves several functionalities like android application development, game development, web applications development, and many other software products. To build any application, first, we have to install Java on our computer systems. However, some applications are not capable to run on java’s outdated version. So, it’s essential to know which Java version is installed on our operating system and if our machine is running an outdated version of java, then how to update it.

        This post will explain how to check and upgrade the Java version on Ubuntu 22.04. So, let’s begin!

      • Linux HintInstall the latest PHP on Ubuntu 22.04

        PHP, which is a scripting language, was designed for building websites. This language can be used on many platforms such Linux, Windows, Mac OS, and Unix. The latest version of PHP which is version 8.1 was released on 25th November, 2021 and serves as an extension of PHP version 8.0. This version introduces many features which were not present in the previous one such as enums, read-only properties, never return type, fibers, etc.

        Here we have summed up steps using which you can with great ease install the latest version of PHP in Ubuntu 22.04.

      • Linux HintHow to Install VLC Media Player on Ubuntu 22.04

        VLC media player is open-source and free software that works on every platform such as Windows, Mac OS, Linux, etc and is capable of playing all types of multimedia files and audio CDs, DVDs, VCDs, etc. It is a streaming media server that was founded by the VideoLAN project.

        Since we mentioned that it can work on any platform, therefore, if you are a Linux user and wondering how to install the VLC media player on Ubuntu 22.04 then you are at the perfect place. Here we have summed up the ways with which you can install VLC on Ubuntu 22.04.

      • Linux HintHow to Install Ubuntu 22.04 on VirtualBox

        The Canonical developers are about to release their latest version of Ubuntu in April 2022 which will be referred to as Ubuntu 22.04. The beta version of the system has been released and we performed certain steps to install this version on the VirtualBox. Installation of the other stable versions will be similar to the one discussed here.

        Therefore, if you wish to learn the installation procedure of Ubuntu 22.04 on VirtualBox then read the article till the end.

      • Linux HintHow to Create New User on Ubuntu 22.04

        The cloud server originally contains a user named system, however, if you wish to create a new user on your system to perform system administrative actions then you can generate one using two possible ways. Both of these methods have been discussed here in this blog.

    • Wine or Emulation

      • Wine Staging 7.8 Released with Improved Alt+Tab Handling for Unity Games – LinuxStoney

        published release of the Wine Staging 7.8 , within which extended builds of Wine are formed, including patches that are not fully ready or risky, not yet suitable for acceptance into the main Wine branch. Compared to Wine, Wine Staging provides 550 additional patches.

        codebase Wine 7.8. 3 patches related to the processing of key states and the refinement of the get/set_key_state functions have been transferred to the main Wine package. updated Four patches : winex11-_NET_ACTIVE_WINDOW , user32-Mouse_Message_Hwnd , user32-rawinput-mouse and api-iteration-tokens .

    • Distributions

      • Arch Family

        • So I Installed Arch on My Work Mac

          Ever since I went back to the office I’ve been using a 2018 Mac Mini for work. It’s been… usable. I’ve at least been able to get everything done that I needed to.

          Recently though we started a big server migration. It’s much needed since we’re in need of more hardware and are still on Ubuntu 16, but working on that migration has been the back-breaking straw for me with MacOS. I’ve just had to deal too much with tooling issues, painful package management, uncomfortable workflows despite my best customization efforts, and lots of other tiny things that have piled up which I won’t bore anyone with.

    • Devices/Embedded

      • Open Hardware/Modding

        • David RosenthalProbabilistic Fault Tolerance

          In our 2003 SOSP “Best Paper” Preserving Peer Replicas By Rate-Limited Sampled Voting (also here, expanded version here) we introduced a number of concepts. The most important was consensus based on sampling the electorate at random, in contrast to the traditional Byzantine Fault Tolerance (BFT), which at every step solicits votes from the entire electorate. The advantages of this mechanism are so significant that, a decade and a half later, it was re-discovered and improved upon in the context of a blockchain protocol. Below the fold I explain our original consensus system, and describe how the basic idea has been adopted and enhanced.

        • Linux HintWhat is MQTT and how to use it with Raspberry Pi

          The Raspberry Pi is a multi-purpose small size device which has the power to become people’s ideal choice in every aspect. It has started to set its mark into the Internet of Things (IoT) world and has quickly become an excellent source to bring people into the whole new world. When we talk about IoT, the only thing that comes to our mind is the communication of devices over the internet but on the other side some people will also need an answer about how a Raspberry device will be used for communication purposes.

          If you are the one among those people who don’t have any knowledge then you should follow this guide which will teach you how you may utilize your Raspberry Pi device for communication purposes with the help of a Message Queuing Telemetry Transport (MQTT) protocol. Before proceeding towards its use with Raspberry Pi, it is important for you to acquire the basic understanding of MQTT.

        • Linux HintWhat is Raspberry Pi Cluster

          The Raspberry Pi is an excellent little tool that people can have in their pockets. The device has an exceptional feature that drives everyone to go hard on it and performs high computational tasks. Handling complex tasks would be hard for a single Raspberry Pi device, even with 8GB RAM.

          If you are considering purchasing more Raspberry Pi devices, you will still leave with the unanswered question of how to boost the Raspberry Pi performance. In that situation, cluster technology will come into the business and in this article, we will show you how the Raspberry Pi cluster will help you boost your device performance.

        • Linux HintWhat is piwheels and how it works on Raspberry Pi

          Python wheels are the standard package managing system to download Python packages on Linux based operating systems. The wheels are hosted on a web server platform with the name PyPi and this allows the Linux users to access these wheels pretty easily. However, the Raspberry Pi users don’t have a supported architecture to download Python packages and the packages need to be built from source in order to make it prepare for your Raspberry Pi OS. The installation of these packages requires a lot of time and this excessive execution time is due to the compilation of source codes.

          If you are looking for a way to speed up your Python packages installation, you should look into this article. It provides a detailed guideline for speeding up your package’s installation using Raspberry Pi wheels called as Piwheels.

          Before going into the detail how Piwheels works on Raspberry Pi let’s first discuss what are Piwheels.

        • Linux HintWhat are different methods to monitor the temperature of the Raspberry Pi 4

          The Raspberry Pi 4 is a single board computer which means it has a processor or a CPU to process the commands and also has the RAM with other peripheral devices that a computer has like a keyboard. When we use the Raspberry Pi 4 to process different tasks it raises the temperature of the CPU of the Raspberry Pi. Temperature rise can damage the CPU. In this write-up, we will find out the methods by which we can monitor the temperature of the Raspberry Pi 4 and protect it from overheating.

        • Linux HintBest Raspberry Pi Starter Kits in 2022 [Ed: Potentially spammy as they try to sell things]

          The Raspberry Pi device has gained remarkable success in the present era and it’s no surprise that this device will become a valuable tool for people of all ages. The importance of this device among the children and students has increased a lot because they are getting enough learning opportunities from this device. It’s not just a machine to run different operating systems or games on it, but it has some extraordinary features as well.

        • Linux HintHow to make digital counter using 7 segment with Arduino Uno

          A 7-segment display can be used to display a limited amount of data having numeric values and alphabets. Such types of displays are mostly used in banks, hospitals, super markets for displaying token numbers and counter numbers. So, we have also created a digital counter using the 7-segment display with Arduino Uno.

        • Linux HintWhat are the causes of Arduino freeze

          When working on a project using Arduino students come across a lot of problems and these problems can be either related to the Arduino code or to the Arduino board itself. Sometimes due to errors in the Arduino code that the compiler is unable to recognize or hardware problems the Arduino boards freeze completely and do not show any output. So, we have addressed some of the issues that cause the Arduino to freeze.

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Web Browsers

        • [Old] How To Build an Absurdly Backwards Compatible Website

          It feels like so much of the web is composed of clickbait, ads, popups, and a toxic amount of JavaScript that you need a modern computer just to get any value out of it. Remember when low-power computers were created for people who were “just browsing the [Internet]?”

          Half of the sites on the [Internet] are so overloaded with tracking scripts, ads, third-party “analytics” platforms, and other junk that they simply crash in the face of sub-par hardware; and don’t even get me started on what they do to “retro” computers.

          If the modern web hasn’t been created with aging hardware in mind, what does that mean for the proliferation of e-waste? Is it really so necessary to update your computer every 2-5 years? And, what if you didn’t? What if you couldn’t afford to?

      • Programming/Development

        • Fig Terminal Auto-complete Review

          At first Fig presents itself as just an auto-complete tool and, don’t get me wrong, if that is all you are looking for, it does a great job. However there is clearly a much larger ambition with this product to expand the idea of terminal auto-completion into making CLIs much more approachable, baking documentation into the terminal and then allowing you to share that among your entire team for public or private tools. While at present the idea is just starting to become fleshed out, there is a lot of promise here.

          So while Fig is a useful tool today, the promise of where Fig could go is really exciting to me. I’m going to focus mostly on what the product is now, but felt I needed to mention the obvious hooks they are building into the application and the overall framework they are constructing.

        • Python

          • Linux HintPassword Generator

            With the continuous advent of Technology and the great amount of data floating around, the security data is of prime importance today.
            This is done by the usage of passwords which keep our data safe and secure from the world and the internet.

            However, an easy password can be hacked very easily, and our data can become vulnerable to misuse. To prevent this from happening, it is extremely important to use strong passwords.

            In this article, we will learn to create a ‘PASSWORD GENERATOR’ in python using GUI to generate strong passwords using Python Tkinter Module. This application will generate a random password: with a combination of letters, numerical values, and some special characters. The user will mention the length of the password based on the requirement and accordingly, we will get our password.

            By the end of this article, you will get a clear understanding of the working of the application and the logic behind the code.

          • Linux HintDice Rolling Simulator – Python

            Dice is a cube-shaped object used in games like ludo, snakes and ladders, bunko and Yahtzee, etc. The cube when spun faces up with a random number ranging from 1-to 6.

            A dice rolling simulator is a digital computer model that works like normal dice and shows a random number. It is developed using a software program that can be coded in any programming language.

            In this article, we will be coding a dice-rolling simulator using python language with GUI using the Tkinter library.

            We will start by importing the modules and then proceed with the remaining part.

          • Linux HintPandas Rolling Groupby

            The Python programming language provides Pandas library which has many methods that perform simple to complex functions. Pandas in Python make data analysis very simple and easy. Moreover, it is a very exceptional language for performing data investigation while providing an incredible environment of information-driven python bundles.

            In this article, we will discuss the pandas rolling groupby function in Python. Here, we will demonstrate some useful examples that will help you learn about the Pandas rolling groupby function and how to use that function in python code. So, let us begin with the definition of the rolling function.

          • Linux HintFactorial in Python NumPy

            We’ll show you how to employ the NumPy factorial function, also known as np.math.factorial, in this article. We’ll also go through the syntax of the np.math.factorial function, how it works, and how to apply it. In addition, we’ll show you how to compute factorials element-wise on NumPy arrays using a different function, scipy.special.factorial. However, it is preferable if you read the entire tutorial to find all the guidelines. That way, everything will probably make more sense.

          • Linux HintCurrency Converter Using Gui In Python

            A ‘Currency converter’ is an app or tool that enables you to quickly convert any amount from one currency to another, anytime and anywhere. Creating this app in Python language is an immensely fun and interesting task.

            We will have two tabs in this application. One is going to be our currency tab where we mention our home/base currency and the currency we want to convert our amount into, along with the rate of conversion. In the second tab, we define the amount we want to convert and then we get our desired result.

            Via this article, you will get a clear understanding of the logic behind the code and working of this application.

          • Linux HintUse of the ‘if __name__ == __main__’ Statement in Python

            Some special variables are set when any Python script executes. The __name__ variable is one of them. The Python file is saved with the ‘.py’ extension and each Python file is called a module. The classes, functions, and variables are defined by the module. The __name__ variable is set to __main__ if the Python interpreter runs a module in the main program. The __name__ variable is set to the module’s name if the Python file is importing the module from another module. The ‘if __name__ == __main__’ statement is used to check if the module is imported or not. Different uses of this statement have been shown in this tutorial.

          • Linux HintUse of the __init__() Function in Python

            Python supports both structured and object-oriented programming. The class and object are used to implement object-oriented programming. The class defines the properties of the object. The constructor method is used in object-oriented programming to declare, initialize and manipulate the object, and this method is called automatically when an object of the class is created. The __init__() function works like the constructor method in Python and it is declared inside the class.

          • Linux HintUse of Python kwargs

            Two types of arguments can be passed to the Python function. These are *args (Non-keyword arguments) and **kwargs (Keyword arguments). The wildcard characters, ‘*’ and ‘**’ are used when the number of arguments is not defined. The **kwargs is used in the function to pass keyword-based variable-length arguments in the function. Different uses of kwargs in the Python function have been shown in this tutorial.

        • Shell/Bash/Zsh/Ksh

          • [Old] DJ AdamsBash notes 3

            Another Exercism Bash track exercise, another opportunity to learn from the community solutions. This time I came across a few nice Bash language features that I’d probably known about but forgotten due to lack of practice.

            The exercise in question is Atbash Cipher and the features that I wanted to share with you are from user Victor Guthrie’s solution.

          • [Old] DJ AdamsBash notes 2

            I looked at a couple of more solutions to another Exercism exercise in the Bash track – Scrabble Score. I was reminded of one particular feature of the case statement, and another solution was rather splendid in its approach and it reminded me a little of some functional programming techniques, or perhaps MapReduce.

          • [Old] DJ AdamsBash notes

            Here are a few things I learned, or re-learned, while reading through a neat solution to a Bash track exercise in Exercism.

            I completed a very basic solution to the Proverb exercise in the Bash track on Exercism and proceeded to look at some of the solutions others had submitted. A beautifully simple and succinct solution from user Glenn Jackman had the most stars, and I wanted to share a few things I learned from it.

          • Medium5 Types of Expansions on Linux

            Bash has a special mechanism called expansion, which gives us much convenience. So we can use some notations to write a short command that will be expanded into something complex before being executed.

          • Lars WirzeniusUnix command line conventions over time

            This blog post documents my understanding of how the conventions for Unix command line syntax have evolved over time. It’s not properly sourced, and may well be quite wrong. I’ve not been using Unix until 1989, so I wasn’t there for the early years. Maybe someone has written a proper essay on this, with citations. I’m too lazy to dig them up.

          • Linux HintBash Declare –a for Arrays

            Arrays are the must-haves in any programming language. In Bash, we also declare the arrays but with different syntax. Within this article today, we will be discussing the declare “-a” option method to declare arrays in the Bash program. Let’s start with the examples now. We need a Bash file to create some Bash code examples in it. So, we have tried the Bash “touch” instruction to create one with the name “array.sh” having a Bash extension. This file needs to be opened in the “Gnu Nano” editor of the Ubuntu 20.04 system.

          • Linux HintBash String Operators

            As we already know that the Bash string values are the group of words or characters. To manipulate string variables and values, Bash provides us with many functions and operators. If you are new to Bash programming and string manipulation, then this simple article is meant for your help. Within this guide today, we will be utilizing and discussing some of the most-used string Bash operators specially designed for string manipulation in Bash programming.

            Let’s get started with some of the examples to see the working of these operators. Start with the Bash file creation as we have to code in Bash. The “touch” instruction can be a plus to use here in Ubuntu 20.04. We prefer to use the Gnu Nano editor to open the Bash file and create code in it. You can use the text editor or vim editor as well.

        • Java

          • Linux HintWhat does % percentage sign mean in Java

            There are multiple arithmetic operators in java such as +, -, /, and so on. Another useful arithmetic operator in java is % which divides the two values and consequently returns the remainder of these values. In java, there are multiple use cases of % for example it can be used to check wheater a number is even or odd, it can be used to check if the number is palindrome or not, and so on.

          • Linux HintWhat is a constructor in Java

            Classes are the core concept of OOP(object-oriented programming). Java offers the concept of constructors that is directly associated with the classes as constructors hold exactly the same name as the class name. In java, the prime objective of constructors is to initialize the class objects. A java class can have several constructors, but their definition must be different in terms of parameters.

  • Leftovers

    • The Stars, From the Ground Up: While Supplies Last (Part 1)

      An Urbit meetup is being held in Kansas City, MO this weekend. It began yesterday evening and continues through today. Many users from all over the Midwest, and some employees at Tlon, are in attendance, many from the St. Louis area. This is the first Urbit meetup I’ve ever attended, though I was only able to join yesterday, and I felt like a little kid going to Walt Disney World. While I was there, though, I overheard a spirited (but not heated) discussion about the nature of planets in the network.

    • [Old] The StreetHere’s Why You Might Get Arrested For Renting From Hertz

      A judge cleared 17 cases against Hertz to move forward last week, joining more than about half of the 230 that are also currently pending. Other claims will be decided at a later date.

      Francis Alexander Malofiy, the Pennsylvania-based lead attorney for the claimants, indicated to USA Today that “230 is not the majority. … It’s the tip of the iceberg,” and “you’re talking 20,000 people who were stuck in the criminal justice system because they had a dispute or an issue with their rental, or that (Hertz) couldn’t find their car.”

      According to court documents, the current group of claimants has spent a total of 2,742 days in jail or prison because of false arrests.

    • [Old] Los Angeles TimesColumn: Renting a car from Hertz? You could wind up in jail

      Their experiences may be the tip of a large iceberg. Hertz acknowledges that it files some 3,500 theft reports per year on customers; lawyers for the claimants say that figure applies to customers who rented their vehicles legally and for which the company has payment information, such as a credit or debit card number, on file.

      Lawyers for the claimants say that although it’s not unheard of for other car rental companies to report vehicles stolen, Hertz appears to have systemic problems keeping track of rental extensions and payments.

    • [Old] GannettAfter Hertz car rentals lead to some arrests, know what to do when you rent a car

      When talking to rental company, document everything

      Document any conversations with rental company employees.

      For example, if you call to extend your rental or report an issue, write down the time of the call, who you spoke with and what was said.

      “If there is something important that is said verbally, try and write it down,” Bland said. If there is a dispute, your phone records matched up with what you wrote down at that time could be helpful evidence.


      Bland recommends keeping the paperwork and receipts from your rental for at least a year, although three years is the statute of limitations in most places for the kind of tort case that may arise from a rental car dispute.

    • [Old] The DriveHertz Customer Thrown in Jail for Rental Car ‘Theft’ a Year After He Returned It: Report

      In a statement, Hertz said these situations are “very rare” and “happen only after exhaustive attempts to reach the customer.” That doesn’t seem to be the case here. The man’s attorney says, “Hertz refuses to correct a police report when they’ve learned payments [were] made, when they’ve learned the car’s been returned or when they’ve learned there’s inaccuracies.” So according to him, it’s a case of Hertz’s incompetence.

    • [Old] CBSNew Hampshire man arrested aboard cruise ship is latest to be accused of stealing Hertz rental car: “Most horrific experience of my life”

      “Hertz refuses to correct a police report when they’ve learned payments [were] made, when they’ve learned the car’s been returned or when they’ve learned there’s inaccuracies,” he said.

      Malofiy sent a letter to the company over the weekend, asking Hertz to help get Doucette out of jail. He said unless something changes, Doucette will be in jail for a minimum of 10 days because he is awaiting extradition to Arizona.

    • [Old] CNETUS Senators Call for Investigation of Hertz Stolen Vehicle Reports

      The issue, which is being investigated by several US senators, including Democratic senators Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts and Richard Blumenthal of Connecticut, came to light during Hertz’s bankruptcy proceedings in Delaware courts. Documents allege that the company has filed police reports for approximately 3,300 vehicles per year for four years, though it’s unclear how many of those could be considered to have resulted in improper arrests.

    • ABCAl-Qaida chief blames US for Ukraine invasion in new video

      Al-Zawahri’s whereabouts are unknown. He is wanted by the FBI and there is a $25 million reward for information leading to his capture.

    • I’m behind.

      I feel like I’m frequently 3-4 years behind on most mainstream media.

    • Education

      • Times Higher EducationAre corporate interests taking over US higher education?

        Individually, such challenges aren’t necessarily new. But the numbers and types and spread are being taken by experienced advocates of higher education as heralding a worrisome shift in a battleground where they’re winning some victories yet look increasingly outmanoeuvred over the long run.

        On the one hand, it’s getting easier for activists in academia and beyond to identify a particular company or industry or market behaviour they consider objectionable, and organise effective protest actions, including boycotts, without suffering major financial repercussions.

    • Hardware

      • HackadayWeb Emulator For The Kenbak-1 Computer (If You’ve Heard Of It)

        Ever heard of the KENBAK-1? Recognized as the first personal computer, created by John Blankenbaker and sold in 1971 in comparatively small numbers, it’s now a piece of history. But don’t let that stop you if you are curious, because of course there is an emulator on the web.

      • HackadayReflecting On A Queueing Prism Leads To Unexpected Results

        Computers are difficult enough to reason about when there’s just a single thread doing one task. There are dozens of cores in today’s modern processor world, and your program might try to take advantage of using more than just one. Things happening concurrently makes the number of states and interactions explode in to a mess we as humans are likely going to have trouble understanding. So, like [Hillel], you might turn to the computer to try and model those interactions.

      • HackadayMods Make A Stock Keyboard Your Own

        Trust me, you don’t have to build your own keyboard from the deskpad up to be happy or feel like one of the cool kids. Sure, it doesn’t hurt, but not everyone is able to or even wants to start from next to nothing. Take [Roger] for example. [Roger] started with a stock mechanical keeb — the Ultimate Hacking Keyboard (UHK) — which can be outfitted with magnetic add-on modules such as a thumb key cluster, trackball, trackpoint, and touch pad, and made it his own.

      • HackadayAPPLE2IDIOT Expansion Card Lets Your Apple II (Sort Of) Access The Internet

        [Nathanial Hendler]’s Apple2Idiot expansion card for the Apple II family of computers is a nifty mix of modern and vintage, and provides a clever means of allowing the host computer to (indirectly) access the internet over WiFi while keeping things simple from the host computer’s perspective.

      • HackadayBee Motion Combines ESP32 With PIR Sensor And USB-C

        There’s no shortage of ESP32 development boards out there, with many of them offering some “killer app” feature which may or may not align with whatever it is you’re trying to do. But if you’ve got a project that could benefit from the pairing of a powerful WiFi-enabled microcontroller and a passive infrared (PIR) motion sensor, the Bee Motion created by [Paul Price] is certainly worth a close look.

      • HackadayLearning Obsolete Technology

        Tom Nardi and I were talking about his trip to the Vintage Computer Festival on the podcast, and he admitted to not having been a retrocomputer aficionado before his first trip. But he ended up keying some binary machine code into some collection of archaic silicon, and he got it. In the same episode, the sound of the week was a Strowger switch — the old electromechanical “brain” of telephone switching centers of old. The sample I used was from Sam of Look Mum No Computer on YouTube, who got one for his museum and thinks it’s just awesome.

      • HackadayThis Spherical Lamp’s Pieces Ship Flat, Thanks To Math

        [Nervous System] sells a variety of unique products, and we really appreciate the effort they put into sharing elements of their design and manufacturing processes. This time, it’s details of the work that went into designing a luxury lamp shade that caught our eye.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • FuturismHead Of FDA Says Misinformation Is Now The Leading Cause Of Death

        Califf’s position could mean the FDA takes a stronger stance on COVID misinformation, although it isn’t clear what form that’ll take. Still, it’s a welcome breath of fresh air after poor official health messaging during the pandemic left Americans across the political spectrum suspicious.

      • FDA Commissioner Califf sounds the alarm on health misinformation

        But the issue that keeps him up at night, he said, is the proliferation of false and misleading health information, particularly online — and the distrust in institutions, data and expertise that it has wrought.

        “I believe that misinformation is now our leading cause of death,” he said, naming ongoing COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy, the number of people taking Ivermectin and the prevalence of vaping as examples of the problem. “Historically, the FDA has been relatively quiet and puts out definitive information through guidance or labels or regulatory actions … that would be transmitted to consumers and patients through trusted intermediaries. But the world has changed at this point.”

        All this, he argued, had fueled the drop in life expectancy in the U.S. compared to other wealthy nations, and he urged reporters to avoid clickbait, lean into fact checking, make sure the headline matches the copy and take other steps to responsibly convey news about COVID-19 and other pressing health concerns.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • [Old] Obsolescence Is a State of Mind

          Sometime near the end of this year, every Apple computer in my home will be rendered obsolete and insecure. To be more accurate, every Apple computer released prior to 2013 will suffer the same fate, thanks to the impending death of macOS Catalina.

          Why do I have so many “old” Apple computers, you ask? Because Apple builds exceptionally durable machines, and I don’t see the need to add perfectly good hardware to the gigantic pile of e-waste filling up our landfills. So, come November(ish), these computers will get no more updates, no more security patches, and no more support. Consumers get to make the choice between buying a new machine, or replacing the operating system (I bet you can guess what my choice was).

        • Digital Music NewsGoogle Is Shutting Down YouTube Go In August — What to Know

          YouTube Go, an app providing offline video access, will be shutting down in August. Designed with users with intermittent [Internet] access in mind, YouTube Go received more than 500 million downloads in its six years of life.

        • Digital Music NewsFacebook Is Abruptly Shutting Down Podcasts — Less Than One Year After Launch

          Parent company Meta confirmed to Bloomberg that it will wind down its podcasting unit in June. Soundbites and its general audio hub will also get the ax, per the report. Live Audio Rooms will be folded into the Facebook Live offering.

          According to Meta, this move is to help the company “focus on the most meaningful experiences.” Facebook Podcasts launched as an attempt to rival Spotify’s growing relevance in the space. As Spotify has flourished with new podcasts, growing from one million to four million in just a year – Facebook has languished.

        • The real reason that the first version of Windows NT was called 3.1

          Real reason: MS had a deal in place with Novell to include some handling of Novell Netware client drive mappings. Novell gave MS a little bit of Novell’s client source code, so that Novell shares looked like other network shares, meaning peer-to-peer file shares in Windows for Workgroups.

        • SANSWhat is the simplest malware in the world?

          During a malware analysis class I taught recently, one of the students asked me what was “the simplest malware in the world”. Of course, the answer to this question would depend heavily on one’s definitions of ‘simplest’ and ‘malware’, as well as on a target hardware architecture and its operating system (and potentially additional software and other factors), but I thought that it was conceptually interesting enough to devote today’s diary to.

          If we were to discuss simplicity only in the terms of overall size of the code, and define ‘malware’ (with small help from NIST[1]), as a “program, that is intended to compromise the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of the victim’s data, applications, or operating system or to otherwise annoy or hinder the victim”, then the simplest malware overall would probably be a single instruction of the “Halt and Catch Fire” type[2] for any platform, on which instructions capable (by design or due to a bug) of stopping CPU operations were available and could be executed on their own. Or – to be exact – the simplest malware would probably be such a code on a platform, on which the instruction would be shortest (which would probably come to a single byte). However, this is purely theoretical answer from a historical standpoint.

          If we were move beyond this case and focus only on code that can run on modern operating systems and current hardware platforms, the situation becomes much more complex. And although I spent some time thinking about what the smallest malware might be, and I do have a potential answer, I’m not completely certain it is the correct one. If you can think of a smaller example of a working malicious code, let us know in the comments.

        • Silicon AngleUK’s National Health Service infected by massive phishing campaign

          The U.K.’s National Health Service has been infected by a massive phishing campaign that resulted in hundreds of accounts on Microsoft 365 being compromised.

          Detailed today by researchers by email security firm INKY Technology Corp., the phishing campaign was first detected in October, then escalated in March. The campaign used compromised NHS accounts to send phishing emails to unsuspecting third parties.

        • Security

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • Krebs On SecurityYour Phone May Soon Replace Many of Your Passwords

              Apple, Google and Microsoft announced this week they will soon support an approach to authentication that avoids passwords altogether, and instead requires users to merely unlock their smartphones to sign in to websites or online services. Experts say the changes should help defeat many types of phishing attacks and ease the overall password burden on Internet users, but caution that a true passwordless future may still be years away for most websites.

            • NBCSecret surveillance, mining customer data: How retailers help bag shoplifting kingpins

              Since 2020, an increasing number of states have launched organized retail crime task forces that pair corporate investigators with police and prosecutors. State attorneys general have created teams in Florida, Arizona, Utah, New Mexico and Illinois. Plans are in the works in Connecticut and Michigan.

              But the rise of retail investigators raises civil liberties and privacy concerns, experts say.

              These corporate cops use many of the same tactics as law enforcement officers — they surveil and question suspected shoplifters, run license plate searches, and collect large amounts of personal data. But constitutional restrictions that bind the actions of police and federal agents don’t apply to retail investigators, allowing them to do things like question people without reading them their Miranda rights.

            • I Hate My Smartphone

              Without a smartphone, it was impossible to do basic things like pay for parking, view a restaurant menu, drop my kids off at school, or pick my kids up from school. It is now taken as a given that everyone has an iPhone or Android phone, and while you can choose not to have one, it is becoming increasingly unlikely that you will be able to effectively participate in modern society without one.

              Now, don’t get me wrong, I’m not against the existence of smartphones. They are truly valuable tools that have the ability to improve the lives of many people in many different ways. What bothers me is the general lack of choice in the matter.

            • Patrick BreyerChat control: EU Commission presents mass surveillance plan on May 11

              Next week on Wednesday (May 11), the EU Commission will present an EU draft law on mandatory chat control to the public for the first time. Similar to Apple’s highly controversial “SpyPhone” plans, the Commission wants to oblige all providers of email, chat and messaging services to search for suspicious messages in a fully automated way and forward them to the police in the fight against “child pornography”. This will require them to monitor and scan the communications of citizens en masse – even if they are still securely encrypted end-to-end so far.

            • Where anonymity on Twitter is a matter of life or death

              Activists and free speech advocates in several countries suggested that Musk needs a more nuanced understanding of what free speech is, and needs to be transparent about how authentication decisions will be made.

            • [Old]
              Risks of the Passport Single Signon Protocol [PDF]

              Some improvement is possible in Passport without violating the system’s goals of supporting unmodified browsers. Rotating the keys used to encrypt cookies would significantly increase the difficulty of retrieving cookie contents, as would using the master key to generate encryption keys instead of encrypting all cookies with the same key. Requiring SSL for all transactions would eliminate the possibility of forged redirects (at the cost of significantly increased load on merchant servers). Replacing password-based authentication with a challenge-response scheme (such as HTTP digest authentication) would make it impossible for an attacker to reuse passwords to impersonate a user.

              In the end, Passport’s risks may be inevitable for a system with its requirements. We believe that until fundamental changes are made to underlying protocols (through standards such as DNSSEC and IPSec), efforts such as Passport must be viewed with suspicion.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • Common DreamsOpinion | Who’s Cashing in on the War in Ukraine? Fossil Fuel Firms and Agricultural Traders

        As Russia continues to inflict untold suffering and devastation in Ukraine, many around the world are profiting amid the horrific bloodshed.

      • Common DreamsOpinion | General Dynamics Shuts Out Critics, ‘Radical Skeptics’

        On May 4th, General Dynamics held its annual shareholder meeting. This meeting took place virtually, possibly in response to last year when shareholders were able to directly engage with the General Dynamics Board and ask how they justify the destruction and death their weapons cause.

      • Common DreamsOpinion | Amid War and Devastation, Ukrainians Track Russian Eco Crimes

        On Feb. 24, 2022, Russian President Vladimir Putin declared a full-scale military invasion of Ukraine. The assault, by what’s widely considered the second-most powerful military in the world, was on six fronts across air, land, and sea, spanning 3,000 kilometers (1,900 miles) across the Ukrainian border.

      • NPRGeorgia officials rule that Marjorie Taylor Greene can remain on the ballot

        The plaintiffs had asked the state to disqualify Greene, citing a provision in the Constitution that forbids members of Congress who support an insurrection from serving in office.

        Later on Friday, Georgia’s secretary of state, Republican Brad Raffensperger, who had final say, announced that he would follow the judge’s recommendation.


        Greene testified under oath last month, answering a slew of questions about the days leading up to Jan. 6 with “I don’t recall” or “I don’t remember.”

      • Arab NewsMuslim Brotherhood’s influence in US should be confronted and defeated

        Led by the Muslim Brotherhood, these organizations bully anyone who stands against the Islamist ideology and manipulate our system and government using the magical term “Islamophobia.” We ought to remember that they are proud of being anti-Semitic and anti-American and that they sympathize with radical groups, and act accordingly.

      • VOA NewsJihadist Attack Kills 11 Egypt Troops: Army

        Eleven Egyptian soldiers were killed on Saturday attempting to thwart a “terrorist” attack on the Suez Canal zone abutting the Sinai peninsula, a hotbed of jihadist activity, the army said.

    • Transparency/Investigative Reporting

      • Rolling StoneMeet the YouTube Scuba Divers Solving Cold Cases — And Racking Up Views

        When Sides pivoted from treasure hunting to searching for missing persons, he saw his views spike. In mid-2021, he gave up his day job as a mobile wheel repairman and went full-time into YouTube, supplementing his ad revenue with merchandise sales, donations, and paid subscriptions. When he found Foster and Bechtel in late 2021, he says his followers tripled. (He now has about 360,000.) His audience has changed, too. Whereas it was once fellow divers and treasure hunters, most people today come for updates or breakthroughs on cases. “The missing-persons community watching these videos are super supportive,” he says.

        Divers like Sides take their roles as amateur investigators seriously. If Sides finds a car belonging to a missing person, he says, he calls the authorities instead of a tow truck, and he gets out of their way when they arrive. “Police will take over, and we become spectators,” he says. His interactions with law enforcement have been mainly positive so far, though according to other divers who spoke with Rolling Stone, encounters can be rocky. In one instance in 2020, AWP was waiting with the family of missing 17-year-old Nicholas Allen when the cops arrived to pull out the teen’s car. The cops can be heard on the AWP video acting dismissively toward the family, saying there’s “no guarantee” their child’s body was in there. “No, but at least it’s my car, and I asked you guys — I begged you guys to check,” the mother says. Allen’s body was recovered, and the sheriff’s office later issued an apology for acting insensitively toward the family.

    • Finance

      • Counter PunchBanks Fueling Global Warming is Business as Usual
      • Counter PunchThe Solution to Homelessness Is Not Death

        The problem with the homeless is they don’t have anywhere to go. Shoo them out of doorways and they move to the parks. Chase them from the parks and they move to the freeways. Give them bus tickets to other towns and those towns try to send them right back. Give them housing? Don’t be ridiculous; this is America!

      • Common DreamsSanders Says ‘No Corporation That Breaks the Law Should Get a Federal Contract’

        Sen. Bernie Sanders on Friday reiterated his call for the Biden administration to prohibit all union-busting corporations from receiving federal contracts, citing the National Labor Relations Board’s fresh complaints against Starbucks and Amazon over their attempts to crush worker organizing.

        “This is what oligarchy and corporate greed are all about,” Sanders, the chair of the Senate Budget Committee, tweeted Friday. “Two large and profitable corporations, owned by billionaires, spend millions to illegally deny their workers the right to organize. No corporation that breaks the law should get a federal contract.”

      • Common DreamsWorkers Say NLRB Complaint “Fully Unmasks Starbucks’ Facade as a Progressive Company”

        A regional director of the National Labor Relations Board filed a sweeping complaint Friday alleging that Starbucks violated federal law more than 200 times in its campaign to prevent employees in Buffalo, New York from forming a union.

        “Starbucks has been saying that no union-busting ever occurred in Buffalo. Today, the NLRB sets the record straight.”

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • Common DreamsLula Launches Campaign to Unseat Far-Right Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro

        Speaking to a crowd of supporters and allies gathered in São Paulo on Saturday, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva officially launched his campaign to unseat far-right Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, whose three-year tenure has accelerated the destruction of the Amazon rainforest and intensified the nation’s myriad human rights crises.

        “Everything that we did is being destroyed by this government,” said Lula, a globally renowned leftist who served as Brazil’s president from 2003 to 2010 and departed office with a striking 83% approval rating. Extreme poverty fell sharply during Lula’s presidency, owing in large part to his implementation and expansion of safety-net programs that included cash transfers and unemployment insurance.

      • Craig MurraySome Off-Beat Points on Thursday’s Elections

        The Labour Party’s national projected vote share is 35%, which is the same as the Labour Party’s national projected vote share in 2018 under Corbyn. The “Starmer surge” is a lie, broadcast by the media to perpetuate the myth that a more radical Labour Party would be uniquely unelectable. Tory switching to Lib Dems, Greens or sitting at home helped Labour, but hardly represents Starmer enthusiasm.

      • FuturismBill Gates Says It Was A Bad Idea To Pal Around With Jeffrey Epstein

        In a BBC interview released yesterday, the former world’s richest man and Microsoft co-founder responded to comments by ex-wife Melinda French Gates. In March, she called Gates out for his relationship with Epstein, a wealthy financier and convicted sex offender who died while in prison in 2019. Gates met with Epstein multiple times in 2011 — after his sex crime conviction in 2008, notably — and stayed late into the night at his home on at least one occasion, according The Week.

      • [Old] Suff NZFinal Supreme Court ruling clears path for decision on Kim Dotcom extradition

        A ruling by New Zealand’s highest court has cleared the path for a decision to be made on whether Kim Dotcom and his co-accused should be extradited to the United States, marking the end of a legal battle spanning nearly a decade.

        A final decision on whether the men will be extradited now sits with Justice Minister Kris Faafoi.

        But a law professor says that decision can be contested in the courts, and it may be several more years before an outcome is known

      • [Old] New Zealand HeraldEmpathy ‘critical’ to role, says retiring Supreme Court judge

        The judges don’t always agree either.

        “There are quite a lot of 3-2 decisions. We try to agree if we can, we try to iron out differences that aren’t consequential and come up, if possible, with a text that we can all sign off on.”

        Some of the cases he has sat on include Kim Dotcom’s extradition, the ban on prisoners’ right to vote, and an attempt by Kawerau siege shooter Rhys Warren to have his conviction overturned on the basis of Māori sovereignty.

      • New Zealand HeraldKim Dotcom set to father sixth child, first with new wife Liz

        Kim Dotcom married Elizabeth Donnelly on January 20, 2018 – the anniversary date of the raid during which he was arrested in 2012.

        The arrests were on behalf of the FBI, which was carrying out a worldwide operation targeting Megaupload. At the time, activity on the site comprised 4 per cent of the globe’s [Internet] traffic.

        Even though Dotcom was facing claims of criminal copyright violation – something later found to not be a crime in New Zealand – the police used the heavily-armed anti-terrorist Special Tactics Group in a helicopter assault on his Coatesville mansion.

      • [Old] Business InsiderNew Footage Shows Just How Crazy The Kim Dotcom Raid Was

        New footage has come out of the raid on Kim’s home, which was conducted in January under warrants that have since been ruled illegal. The scale of the raid is pretty remarkable, with two helicopters, four police vehicles, police dogs and officers armed with semi-automatic Colt Commando 5.56 guns. Kim alleges that he was assaulted during the raid, though officers deny it.

      • [Old] New Zealand HeraldDotcom wins settlement from police over the 2012 dawn raid which saw him arrested

        The settlement came after a damages claim was filed with the High Court over what was considered an “unreasonable” use of force when the anti-terrorism Special Tactics Group raided his $30 million mansion in January 2012.

        The raid was part of a worldwide FBI operation to take down Dotcom’s Megaupload file-sharing website which was claimed to be at the centre of a massive criminal copyright operation.

      • VarietySocial Media Slowdown Tests Investors’ Loyalty

        But now things are shifting. Usage on social media platforms hasn’t necessarily slowed over time, but other factors such as supply-chain disruptions, conflict in Ukraine, inflation and higher interest rates are causing reduced advertising budgets and spending.

        In the near term, these issues appear to be far from abating, which means a harder operating environment for the companies that rely so heavily on advertising to fuel their top line. Investors also seemed to realize that putting their money in Twitter, Snap and Meta doesn’t yield the sky-high returns they once did.

      • The Wall Street JournalFacebook Deliberately Caused Havoc in Australia to Influence New Law, Whistleblowers Say

        The goal, according to the whistleblowers and documents, was to exert maximum negotiating leverage over the Australian Parliament, which was voting on the first law in the world that would require platforms such as Google and Facebook to pay news outlets for content.

        Despite saying it was targeting only news outlets, the company deployed an algorithm for deciding what pages to take down that it knew was certain to affect more than publishers, according to the documents and people familiar with the matter.

    • Misinformation/Disinformation

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • TruthOutADL CEO Misrepresents Report on Antisemitism to Attack Palestinian Groups
      • NPROpinion: For comedians, safety is a growing concern

        Comedy can often challenge our views, or cement them. Jokes can make us grimace and squirm as we laugh…or don’t. These days, anyone who objects to a routine can tweet a response, put a little scowling face on Facebook or post a 5000-word essay on Medium.

        People in an audience can boo. Or just walk out, without committing assault.

      • CBC‘Fake news’ law forced many Russian journalists abroad. Those who remain must weigh truth against safety

        For most of March, the Friday edition of Novaya Gazeta, which until it suspended operation last week, was one of Russia’s last remaining independent news outlets still based within the country, featured a blank two-page spread.

        There was no text; no pictures; just an explanation.

        Because the paper wasn’t allowed to publish anything about what is currently happening in Ukraine other than the Russian government’s official version, Novaya Gazeta would rather not publish anything at all, the explanation read.

      • The real cost of [Internet] shutdowns in South Asia

        The World Wide Web turned 33 last month, so I spent some time reading the arguments in favor of declaring the [Internet] a basic human right. The ideas seem fantastical to me, sitting in South Asia, where the internet increasingly feels like the personal estate of governments that decide to shut off access whenever it suits them.

    • Freedom of Information/Freedom of the Press

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • TruthOutOverturning “Roe” Would Immediately Activate Abortion Penalties in 13 States
      • Common DreamsOpinion | For My Body and the Choice of Millions, I’m Going to Fight Like Hell

        The personal, as they say, is political. And there’s nothing more personal than the right to control your own body.

      • Common DreamsOpinion | The Right-Wing Supreme Court Is About to Unleash Hardship, Suffering, and Chaos for Millions

        The draft opinion in Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization infamously decides that pregnant females’ 49-year-old right to obtain an abortion no longer will be constitutionally protected. Writing for the five-justice majority, Justice Samuel Alito offers two reasons for this conclusion: The Constitution does not explicitly protect the right to abortion, and the right to obtain an abortion is neither “deeply rooted in [our] history and tradition” nor “essential to our Nation’s ‘scheme of ordered liberty.’”   

      • The Telegraph UKTaliban order women to wear full veil as they reintroduce burqa mandate

        Mariam Solaimankhil, a member of parliament under the ousted Afghan republic, said: “If you ever believed that the Taliban have changed, you’re an idiot.”

      • RTETaliban orders all Afghan women to wear burqa

        “We have been verbally instructed to stop issuing licences to women drivers … but not directed to stop women from driving in the city,” said Jan Agha Achakzai, the head of Herat’s Traffic Management Institute that oversees driving schools.

      • Saudi ArabiaTaliban leader orders women to wear all-covering burqa in public: Decree

        “Those women who are not too old or young must cover their face, except the eyes, as per sharia directives, in order to avoid provocation when meeting men who are not mahram (adult close male relatives),” the decree said.

        It added that if women had no important work outside it was “better they stay at home.”

        During their first regime between 1996 and 2001, the Taliban imposed similar restrictions on women.

      • France24Taliban chief orders all Afghan women to wear burqa in public

        Akhundzada’s decree also said that if women had no important work outside it was “better they stay at home”.

      • RFERLAfghanistan’s Taliban Orders Women To Wear Burqa Coverings In Public

        Failure to comply will result in a woman’s father or closest male relative being reprimanded, or imprisoned, or fired from government jobs, the decree said.

      • ABCAfghanistan’s Taliban order women to cover up head to toe

        The decree, which calls for women to only show their eyes and recommends they wear the head-to-toe burqa, evoked similar restrictions on women during the Taliban’s previous rule between 1996 and 2001.

      • UPITaliban require women to wear burqa in new decree

        The Taliban on Saturday ordered that all Afghan women must wear a full-body covering, including the face, a return to restrictions first implemented in the 1990s.

      • New York TimesLabor regulators find merit in accusations by unions at Amazon and Starbucks.

        In a sign that federal labor officials are closely scrutinizing management behavior during union campaigns, the National Labor Relations Board said Friday that it had found merit in accusations that Amazon and Starbucks had violated labor law.

      • New York TimesAmazon Abruptly Fires Senior Managers Tied to Unionized Warehouse

        The firings, which occurred outside the company’s typical employee review cycle, were seen by the managers and other people who work at the facility as a response to the victory by the Amazon Labor Union, three of the people said. Workers at the warehouse voted by a wide margin to form the first union at the company in the United States, in one of the biggest victories for organized labor in at least a generation.

      • NPRDaunte Wright’s mother was detained after recording a traffic stop

        The officer then pulled her out of her vehicle, took her phone and placed it on the roof of her car before leading her toward a grassy median while holding her arm behind her back. Wright said the officer grabbed her so forcefully that he injured her wrist.

        Wright told him her name and said “you guys killed my son. I’m going to videotape them,” gesturing to the other officers. The officer told Wright he would send her a ticket in the mail and both returned to their vehicles.

      • ABCCanadian prisoner attacked by convicted terrorist now in legal fight with Victorian government

        Shoma, now 29, was remarkably frank and told investigators that she had been hoping to spark international headlines by attacking Mitz, who was a Canadian citizen.

        She cheered when they charged her with terror offences, and told them that Allah would be pleased with her.

        How Shoma came to arm herself with the gardening shears and stab her victim in a low-security unit is the crux of a new lawsuit launched in the County Court of Victoria by Mitz, who is suing the state for unspecified damages.

      • Christian PostSudanese couple face flogging for ‘adultery’ after court nullifies marriage over Christian conversion

        Shukralah’s family filed a case in a sharia court, which dissolved their marriage, as apostasy was a crime punishable by death at the time, it explained.

        In 2021, Shukralah also converted to Christianity and returned with their two children to her husband, as Sudan had decriminalized apostasy a year after the end of President Omar al-Bashir’s Islamist regime. Both are members of a Baptist church.

        However, socially, conversion was still not accepted.

        Shukralah’s brother charged them with adultery under Article 146 of Sudan’s 1991 criminal law based on the Sharia court’s annulment of their marriage, leading to the couple’s arrest last August.

      • Morning Star NewsChristian Couple in Sudan Faces Possible Flogging for ‘Adultery’

        He said the couple, members of a Baptist church, are facing growing threats from hardline Muslims, in particular Shukralah’s brother.

        In the case of adultery by an unmarried person, Article 146 calls for a sentence of flogging and expulsion from the area. If the convicted is married, adultery is punishable by death by stoning under Article 146.

        Flogging violates the absolute prohibition against torture and other ill treatment in international human rights law, according to Amnesty International.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • Wi-Fi May Be Coming Soon to a Lamppost Near You

        As Wi-Fi is deployed more widely in cities, and perhaps at higher frequencies, it may depend on an abundant urban asset: streetlight poles.

        To help ensure these networks work well, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) developed and verified a novel model that will help wireless communications providers analyze how high to attach Wi-Fi equipment to light poles.

        In general, the NIST team found that the optimal height depends on transmission frequency and antenna design. Attaching equipment at lower heights of around 4 meters is better for traditional wireless systems with omnidirectional antennas, whereas higher locations 6 or 9 meters up are better for the latest systems such as 5G using higher, millimeter-wave frequencies and narrow-beam antennas.

    • Digital Restrictions (DRM)

      • The VergeAn Xbox outage is preventing some players from launching digital titles

        Although Xbox seemed to resolve these problems, it looks like issues with its store, digital titles, and Cloud Gaming have started to resurface. As my colleague Tom Warren notes, if you’re affected by the outage, you should still be able to play games offline when you have your Xbox set as your “home” console. Xbox Support also says rebooting your Xbox console might help.

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • FOSS Patents: Ericsson says Apple ‘walk[ed] back its agreement to accept Ericsson’s [5G patent licensing] offer if it is confirmed as FRAND’ by Texas court

          If both Ericsson and Apple are sincere in this regard, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Texas–whose Chief Judge Rodney S. Gilstrap decided on the structure of the dispute and the schedule two weeks ago–may become the center of gravity of their patent dispute. While no single court anywhere in the world is going to set a license fee for non-standard-essential patents, it would put the parties much closer to an agreement if the terms on which Apple licenses Ericsson’s SEPs (up to 5G) were set. It’s hard to imagine they couldn’t then easily agree on the rest. A complete agreement on SEPs and non-SEPs would result in the dismissal of roughly three dozen lawsuits in at least half a dozen countries.

          That’s a big If, though. Not with respect to Ericsson, which says that $5 per device (with Apple probably having missed out on the opportunity to get a $1 per-unit early-signing bonus) is a fair, reasonable, and non-discriminatory (FRAND) rate. The Swedish company undoubtedly wants to conclude a license agreement as soon as that one–a rate it publicized a while ago–has been blessed by the Texas court. What’s unclear here is Apple’s agenda.

        • Software Patents

      • Copyrights

        • Torrent FreakIPTV Pirate Agrees to Pay Well Over Half a Billion Dollars in Damages

          Large-scale pirate IPTV operations can generate significant profits but with that comes the chance of significant liability should things go bad. A man from Canada who operated and sold pirate IPTV services is finding just how bad things can get. In response to a lawsuit, he’s asking a US court to find him liable for $585 million in damages. He’ll pay his own legal bills but not those of the plaintiff.

IRC Proceedings: Saturday, May 07, 2022

Posted in IRC Logs at 2:32 am by Needs Sunlight

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 QmYysxf2my13YVcefHsNPVFwAmGFv5iHgLRspEp3Wg61Zd IRC log for #boycottnovell-social
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 QmPw7p7cjjpFHx8jxyBjPaDfBQcXVkMW5c5WH6nE2Gtg2c IRC log for #boycottnovell-social
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 QmcfhjohYfZZMs9Tqc4WiTZLMpiGhnHF6x6W85iZ3r4xCS IRC log for #techbytes
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 QmWHS9eoqQ4pCvMrFfYf6USe74jbnycSX1rR7cFwMD6Q2L IRC log for #techbytes
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 QmTS1Mku3LbfG4roiSLRJbxrdNDP97tH5BXK7unHeMNhK2 IRC log for #techrights
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 QmTY5u2nCGNT7WUSjfwsVL8tTzc3Hsvd3KvT1TLiriCNFB IRC log for #techrights
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