05.20.22

Links 20/05/2022: Thunderbird Revenue Rising

Posted in News Roundup at 7:00 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

    • Applications

      • ByteXD10 of the Best Graphic Design Software for Linux – ByteXD

        The fact that Linux is open-source makes a best fit for many disciplines. Some of these are obvious like programming and software development, while many are subtle.

        For example, if you are a graphic designer, can you use Linux to create graphic pieces? I don’t mean to create them just for the sake of trying out, but can you actually make a living doing graphic design on a Linux machine?

        This article is an attempt to answer the latter question by giving the reader a list of graphic design software available on Linux and their features.

      • The 5 best Application Launchers for Ubuntu | FOSS Linux

        Every operating system comes with an application launcher where you have to mouse over the entire menu to launch an application. But, unlike other operating systems, Linux allows us to install other launchers as an alternative. In this post, We came up with the five best application launchers for Ubuntu and their installation process.

        Ubuntu has a default application launcher, i.e., GNOME Shell application overview. If you are a beginner or a tech professional, browsing the entire menu to launch an application is quite bothersome. Linux community offers a wide variety of application launchers. From a rich UX-based to a bare minimum, Linux has everything to offer.

        These application launchers offer many themes and come with a lot of customization. Choosing the right application launcher as per your need might be difficult. That’s why we came up with the five best application launchers. Here are the top 5 application launchers for your Ubuntu.

      • 9to5LinuxFlatpak App of the Week: Pika Backup – Keeping Your Data Safe Was Never Easier

        If you care about your personal data, you need to have a backup, and Pika Backup is one of those tools that you configure the way you like it and forget about it.

        “Doing backups the easy way” – that’s the motto of Pick Backup, but the great thing about this utility is that it saves you time and disk space by not copying the entire data over and over.

      • Make Use OfThe 10 Best Linux Apps for Musicians

        If you’re a musician of any kind, from beginner to professional, Linux provides an amazing assortment of free, yet powerful, platforms and applications that will boost your productivity and help you to show off your creativity.

        Don’t let the fact that these apps are free wrongly influence your judgment. They are high-quality, professional-grade applications that rival even the most well-known, high-priced, commercial applications. These are 10 of the best Linux apps for musicians of all levels.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • ID RootHow To Install Glances on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Glances on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Glances is a cross-platform system monitoring tool written in Python. It displays a myriad of system statistics on the terminal or console and even includes a web mode that allows you to monitor your system on a web browser. This is a better alternative to the top and htop monitoring tools.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Glances system monitoring on Ubuntu 22.04 (Jammy Jellyfish). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 22.04 and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint, Elementary OS, Pop!_OS, and more as well.

      • How to Connect Wi-Fi using Nmcli in Linux

        Why use the Network-command-line Manager’s interface? Sometimes Ubuntu Network Manager behaves strangely, and you may be unable to connect to any Wi-Fi Hotspot using the GUI (Graphical user interface).

        The Network Manager may fail to start, and even after manually restarting the service through the terminal, you may still have difficulties connecting to any Wi-Fi Hotspot, even a previously recognized and stored home network.

        I encountered same problem on dual boot configurations and standalone Linux installs, and it was quite inconvenient, particularly during the WFH (Work from home) phase that we’re all going through.

      • How to Add Comments to UFW Rules

        In an earlier article we discussed how to add comments to iptables rules for clarity and documentation. In our opinion it is a good practice to comment anything someone else may have to work on in the future. Using comments in scripting is a common practice for good reason. We decided to write a quick tip on how to add a comment to UFW (Uncomplicated Firewall) rules.

        I am not a huge fan of UFW or Firewalld. In my opinion they make managing netfilter harder, not easier. That is because I started using iptables over 20 years ago. I am very comfortable with it and tend to know the necessary syntax off the top of my head. That being said, adding a comment to UFW rules is much more intuitive than any other iptables front end.

      • How to Install Drupal 9 on Ubuntu 22.04 – LinuxTuto

        Drupal is an open-source and popular content management tool that is the foundation of many websites across the internet. It has great standard features, like easy content authoring, reliable performance, and excellent security. Flexibility and modularity are some of the core principles that set it apart from the rest.

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Drupal 9 on your Ubuntu 22.04 OS.

      • UNIX CopHow to migrate from Blogger to WordPress

        Blogger.com, as its name suggest is a blog service. Is very popular and it’s owned by google. You may want to take full control of your blog by setting up a WordPress on your server. But you still need your content: in this entry I’ll show you how to migrate from blogger to wordpress.

        I’m assuming you already have a brand new WordPress installation. If not, here on unixcop.com we have several articles about wordpress.

      • Linux Made SimpleHow to install Inkscape 1.2 on a Chromebook

        Today we are looking at how to install Inkscape 1.2 on a Chromebook. Please follow the video/audio guide as a tutorial where we explain the process step by step and use the commands below.

      • HowTo ForgeWhat is AWS CloudTrail and how to use it
      • Trim Strings in Vim / Organize Firefox History
      • Creating a NixOS thin gaming client live USB

        This article will cover a use case I suppose very personal, but I love the way I solved it so let me share this story.

        I’m a gamer, mostly on computer, but I have a big rig running Windows because many games still don’t work well with Linux, but I also play video games on my Linux laptop. Unfortunately, my laptop only has an intel integrated graphic card, so many games won’t run well enough to be played, so I’m using an external GPU for some games. But it’s not ideal, the eGPU is big (think of it as a big shoes box), doesn’t have mouse/keyboard/usb connectors, so I’ve put it into another room with a screen at a height to play while standing up, controller in hands. This doesn’t solve everything, but I can play most games running on it and allowing a controller.

        But if I install a game on both the big rig and the laptop, I have to manually sync the saves (I’m buying most of the games on GOG which doesn’t have a Linux client to sync saves), it’s highly boring and error-prone.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • Okteta making a small step to Qt6 | Attracted by virtual constructs

          Old, but stable, even more in when it comes to the feature set, and still getting its polishing now and then: your simple editor for the raw data of files, named Okteta.

          What started in 2003 as a hex editing widget library for KDE3 (and Qt3), of course named KHexEdit (to be confused with the unrelated hex editor program that was part of KDE at that time), it turned into a first dedicated application by the title Okteta during the years 2006 to 2008 for KDE4 (and Qt4). From there on a small set of features was added once in a while, most impressively Alexander Richardson’s Structures tool in 2010,. Until then in 2013 the port to Qt5/KF5 was done (also to a good degree by Alexander). After that things had settled, the program working properly when needed, otherwise just left in the corner of the storage.

          Now, nearly 2 decades after the first lines were written, the next port is to be done, to Qt6 and KF6. And this time the actual port is just amazingly boring: changing a few “Qt5” to “Qt6” in the buildsystem (and later some “KF5” to “KF6” once KF6 is ready), adding Qt6::Core5Compat as helper library for 1-2 classes that had not yet been substituted, adding a “const” to the argument of an overridden virtual method, adapting some “QStringList” forward declarations… and done.

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

  • Distributions and Operating Systems

  • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

    • Eurasia ReviewBernd Rodler: Real Innovation And Progress Happen Beyond Big Tech (Part I) – Interview

      In 1991, Linus Torvalds started this fantastic Linux project and prior to that, Richard Stallman came up with the idea of GPL, the general public license. Thus, a new model to deliver software code in an open and transparent manner came into existence. Stallman can be quoted with the famous phrase: „If you think about open source, think free as in free speech, not free beer.“ After GPL and the first Linux kernels gained ground, more and more open source based business software was developed.

    • Web Browsers

    • Programming/Development

      • G-forces at Disneyland Paris

        The last time I went to Disneyland Paris, I used my smartphone to record the G-forces during some rides. I used an app called Physics Toolbox Accelerometer to record the acceleration to CSV files. Then, I made a small Python script to filter the data and plot it.

      • NetHack over Gemini Proof-of-Concept

        This is easily one of the ugliest pieces of software I’ve ever written.

  • Leftovers

    • The Jeep

      When my brother died, he left behind two young sons–one in middle school and the other in elementary. He was also in the middle of a divorce that wasn’t finalized, so he left his wife with many financial issues that did not seem easy to deal with.

    • Portable music memories

      My first Walkman was a cheap one from argos but it had a really high powered radio and I could listen to kiss 100 all the way from London (60 miles seemed a long distance) weirdly this seemed more impressive than being able to pick up foreign stations from unknown locations in Europe. The tape mechanism broke so I got an aiwa Walkman with an awesome graphic equaliser.

    • TediumImagineering History: A Word With Roots Far Beyond Disney

      When I write the word “imagineering,” what does it mean to you? Does it make you think of a certain company or concept? Is that company or concept perhaps something related to a cartoon or a theme park? Yes, yes, I get it, the primary company that uses this phrase is culturally dominant—but what if I told you that Disney, despite using the word “imagineering” in an aggressive way for decades to describe its approach to innovation, didn’t actually come up with this term, and that other companies used it for years before Disney got around to trademarking the phrase? That’s imagineering for you. And today’s Tedium looks back at a term that one of the world’s largest companies has long claimed to have coined, even in the face of years of prior art.

    • Science

      • The Register UKPictured: Sagittarius A*, the supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way

        Astronomers have captured a clear image of the gigantic supermassive black hole at the center of our galaxy for the first time.

        Sagittarius A*, or Sgr A* for short, is 27,000 light-years from Earth. Scientists knew for a while there was a mysterious object in the constellation of Sagittarius emitting strong radio waves, though it wasn’t really discovered until the 1970s. Although astronomers managed to characterize some of the object’s properties, experts weren’t quite sure what exactly they were looking at.

    • Hardware

      • The Register UKMysterious firm seeks to buy majority stake in Arm China • The Register

        The saga surrounding Arm’s joint venture in China just took another intriguing turn: a mysterious firm named Lotcap Group claims it has signed a letter of intent to buy a 51 percent stake in Arm China from existing investors in the country.

        In a Chinese-language press release posted Wednesday, Lotcap said it has formed a subsidiary, Lotcap Fund, to buy a majority stake in the joint venture. However, reporting by one newspaper suggested that the investment firm still needs the approval of one significant investor to gain 51 percent control of Arm China.

      • The Register UKExport bans prompt Russia to use Chinese x86 CPU replacement

        With Russia cut off from foreign processor makers Intel and AMD, the country has been scrambling to switch to more local CPUs and components.

        Russia’s latest step in securing supply chains for new computers comes in the form of a newly released desktop motherboard designed to support x86-compatible CPUs made by Chinese chip designer Zhaoxin, which is a joint venture between Taiwan’s Via Technologies and the Shanghai municipal government.

        The new motherboard, called MBX-Z60A, is made by electronics manufacturer Dannie, which has headquarters in Russia and China, according to a machine translation of an article published last week by Russian-language news aggregator Habr.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • Monkeypox Fears May Rescue Endangered Corporations

        In recent days, concern over a global outbreak of monkeypox, a mild disease related to smallpox and chickenpox, has been hyped in the media and health ministries around the world, even prompting an emergency meeting at the World Health Organization (WHO). For some, fears have centered around monkeypox being the potential “next pandemic” after Covid-19. For others, the fear is that monkeypox will be used as the latest excuse to further advance draconian biosecurity policies and global power grabs.

        Regardless of how the monkeypox situation plays out, two companies are already cashing in. As concern over monkeypox has risen, so too have the shares of Emergent Biosolutions and SIGA Technologies. Both companies essentially have monopolies in the US market, and other markets as well, on smallpox vaccines and treatments. Their main smallpox-focused products are, conveniently, also used to protect against or treat monkeypox as well. As a result, the shares of Emergent Biosolutions climbed 12% on Thursday, while those of SIGA soared 17.1%.

        For these companies, the monkeypox fears are a godsend, specifically for SIGA, which produces a smallpox treatment, known by its brand name TPOXX. It is SIGA’s only product. While some outlets have noted that the rise in the valuation of SIGA Technologies has coincided with recent concerns about monkeypox, essentially no attention has been given to the fact that the company is apparently the only piece of a powerful billionaire’s empire that isn’t currently crumbling.

        [...]

        However, by August 2001, BioPort stood to lose the Pentagon contracts – its only source of income. The Pentagon began preparing a report, due to be released in September 2001, that would detail a plan for letting BioPort go. Thanks to the September 11, 2001 attack on the Pentagon, that report was never released. Shortly thereafter, the 2001 anthrax attacks began.

        Just months before, BioPort had contracted Battelle Memorial Institute to help rescue its flailing vaccine program. The deal gave Battelle “immediate exposure to the vaccine” and it was used in connection with the Pentagon-funded, gain-of-function anthrax program that involved both Ken Alibek and William C. Patrick III, two bioweapons experts with deep ties to the CIA. That program was housed at Battelle’s West Jefferson facility in Ohio. That facility is believed by many investigators to be the source of the anthrax used in the 2001 attacks.

        The ensuing panic from the anthrax attacks led the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to intervene. They gave BioPort its license back in January 2002 despite persisting safety concerns at its vaccine production facility in Michigan. BioPort was not content to merely see its past contracts with the Pentagon restored, however, as it began lobbying heavily for new contracts for anthrax vaccines intended for American civilians, postal workers and others. They would get them, largely thanks to HHS’ then-counter-terrorism adviser and soon to be HHS’ newest Assistant Secretary — Jerome Hauer. Hauer would later join the board of BioPort, after it reformed as Emergent Biosolutions, in 2004.

    • Security

      • How a key-infra open source project can get compromised

        I was checking how to remove background noise on calls so that everyone can be unmuted all the time. There’s a tool, krisp.ai, that offers that for win and mac.

        [...]

        How sad. It’s a product that interfaces with pulseaudio, giving it access over every audio stream in your system. A wet dream for a spy agency. And of course, it got compromised.

      • New ‘pymafka’ malicious package drops Cobalt Strike on macOS, Windows, Linux [Ed: Cautioning people not to download random junk and then execute it; not a problem in the OS per se]

        We reported these findings to the PyPI registry shortly after catching and analyzing the package and the malicious package was taken down yesterday, just before reaching ~300 downloads.

      • The RecordTesla, Microsoft and Ubuntu bugs found during Pwn2Own hacking competition – The Record by Recorded Future

        Several bugs in Microsoft, Ubuntu and Tesla products were found and exploited during the three-day Pwn2Own hacking conference in Vancouver this week.

        The conference – organized by Trend Micro’s Zero Day Initiative – gives hackers a chance to earn money in exchange for discovering and exploiting vulnerabilities in popular products.

        By the end of day two on Thursday, the conference had paid out $945,000 in rewards, including $75,000 to hackers with offensive security company Synacktiv for two unique bugs found in the Tesla Model 3 Infotainment System.

      • The Register UKUS won’t prosecute ‘good faith’ security researchers • The Register

        The US Justice Department has directed prosecutors not to charge “good-faith security researchers” with violating the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA) if their reasons for hacking are ethical — things like bug hunting, responsible vulnerability disclosure, or above-board penetration testing.

        Good-faith, according to the policy [PDF], means using a computer “solely for purposes of good-faith testing, investigation, and/or correction of a security flaw or vulnerability.”

        Additionally, this activity must be “carried out in a manner designed to avoid any harm to individuals or the public, and where the information derived from the activity is used primarily to promote the security or safety of the class of devices, machines, or online services to which the accessed computer belongs, or those who use such devices, machines, or online services.”

      • Tech’s big names team up to launch $30m open source software security plan
      • Privacy/Surveillance

        • New YorkerHow Democracies Spy on Their Citizens | The New Yorker

          The inside story of the world’s most notorious commercial spyware and the big tech companies waging war against it.

        • The RecordThe rise of high-tech despotism – The Record by Recorded Future

          Noura Al-Jizawi was a key figure in the Syrian uprising during the Arab Spring ten years ago. She was snatched from a bus, sent to prison without charges, tortured and emerged seven months later.

          When Al-Jizawi finally left Syria, she assumed she’d be able to put this kind of heavy-handed repression behind her. Instead, she became the target of a new kind of high-tech despotism at the hands of Syria’s Bashar al-Assad regime.

          And she’s not alone. Surveillance technologies now allow oppressive regimes to order up sophisticated, privatized subversion campaigns against their opponents as easily as they can order something on eBay. Al-Jizawi, now a researcher at the Citizen Lab, a University of Toronto organization that focuses on digital espionage and civil society, co-authored a report last month that focused on the toll the long arm of digital transnational repression takes on its victims.

        • Citizen LabThe rise of high-tech despotism

          In an interview with Click Here, Citizen Lab research assistant Noura Al-Jizawi comments on her experience being targeted by surveillance technologies. She sheds light on how such technologies enhance oppressive regimes’ ability to order up “sophisticated subversion campaigns.”

        • Satire: Google Maps Adds Shortcuts Through Houses Of People Google Knows Aren’t Home Right Now
    • Defence/Aggression

      • The Register UKUS cops kick back against facial recognition bans

        Facial recognition bans passed by US cities are being overturned as law enforcement and lobbyist groups pressure local governments to tackle rising crime rates.

        In July, the state of Virginia will scrap its ban on the controversial technology after less than a year. California and New Orleans may follow suit, Reuters first reported. Vermont adjusted its bill to allow police to use facial recognition software in child sex abuse investigations.

    • Finance

      • Public Submissions to U.S. Government Reveal Corporate Wishlist for IPEF: More Power at Our Expense
      • Banking is a competitive, but they try to stay out of each other’s way. Why I like credit cards and hate annual fees.

        Banking is a competitive, but they try to stay out of each other’s way. Why I like credit cards and hate annual fees. What is FICO and VantageScore?

        I’ve been talking recently about Capital One’s nightmarish dispute process that is stacked against their customers, their higher-than-average interest rates if you carry a balance, and the fact that they’re a “subprime” bank that typically goes trawling to sign up the working class for their cards, even if they have a bankruptcy.

        The first question I hear from some people is “Why do I need a credit score if I don’t intend to take on a big loan?”.

        [...]

        Obviously, you shouldn’t go into debt if there is any other choice, but I know people with car loans that they signed to get to work, and then the interest rates were so high that they spent most of their money from work on the stupid car loan. So there’s a big difference between getting a car loan at 15% and getting one at 6-8%. 6-8% is subprime and 15% is predatory.

      • Kansas CityBillionaires like Koch, Gates are unaccountable — and we’re at their powerful whims
      • The Register UKCisco warns of up to $720m sales loss: Blames China lockdown, Russia pullout [Ed: Blame, blame, blame... failing multinationals always look for something or someone to blame]
      • New York TimesAre You Happy? Your Boss Is Asking. [Ed: When (fake) happiness is obligatory]

        Garry Ridge, who runs the chemical company WD-40, has a leadership style guided by two sources — Aristotle, and the BlackRock chief executive Larry Fink.

        “Pleasure in the job puts perfection in the work,” Mr. Ridge said first, quoting the Greek philosopher.

        Then he picked up a recent BlackRock memo. “Companies who forged strong bonds with their employees have seen lower levels of turnover and higher returns throughout the pandemic,” Mr. Ridge read aloud.

        This he punctuated with his own commentary: “Well, duh!”

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • ProtocolSocial media’s legal foundation just crumbled in Texas. Here’s what’s next.

        The surprise Wednesday ruling by a panel of three federal appeals court judges allows Texas’ social media law to go into effect — and has led to panicked befuddlement among tech policy experts wondering how platforms could possibly comply, even if they wanted to, and what options the services have for challenging the ruling.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • ProtocolBing censors search for Xi Jinping, Citizen Lab report finds
      • The Register UKMicrosoft Bing censors politically sensitive Chinese terms

        Microsoft search engine Bing censors terms deemed sensitive in China from its autosuggestion feature internationally, according to research from Citizen Lab.

        The University of Toronto research organization analyzed the search engine’s autosuggestion system for censorship of nearly 100,000 names in the United States, Canada and China in both English letters and Chinese characters. Testing was done by modifying region settings, language setting and IP address geolocation.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • Gemini: bringing the sense of wonder to the Internet again

        The first time I have ever heard of the Internet was in 1993 while still in high school. A school employee, still newly graduated from Stanford, often mentioned the e-mail — something that was at the time mostly reserved to universities and libraries. The local public library had many of those VT-100 “dumb” terminals for catalogues and for access to various online resources. These terminals were text-only, black screens with either green or orange glowing ASCII letters. The library provided access to a number of Gopher sites and WAIS resources either via Telnet or with the Lynx browser.

        I’ve finally gained access to the nascent World Wide Web in November of 1995 when I heard about a new Internet cafe in town. That place had 20 or so of those VT-100 terminals for free, and eight “X terminals” with Unix GUI frontends (with Netscape Navigator 2.0, Adobe Acrobat Reader, and RealPlayer!) at the price of $3.50 an hour (or, $30 for a 10-hour prepaid punchcard).

      • A Call for a Gemini Without TLS

        It is almost certain that widely-accepted and used cryptography is compromised and is not a threat to governments (otherwise we would see a serious push for other technologies which include backdoors). In fact it is very likely that NSA and other such players are actively introducing and supporting certain encryption technologies. Some even believe that bitcoin is an NSA creation, as the creator was never revealed, and bitcoin is _the most traceable_ method of transacting.

      • Is a Unix Philosophy Browser Possible?

        I think it is kind to say that Lagrange does one thing: browse the alternative protocols of the Internet. But in reality there are a few things it does well! What does it do?

        At the bottom, it implements a few different protocols, methods to access various kinds of sites: gopher, gemini, spartan, finger. As an end user, I am happy that it does that pretty transparently – I don’t have to ‘turn on gopher mode’ or anything like that, I can follow links and read.

      • Et in Arcadia Ego

        Sparta, for them as don’t know, is a variant of gemini, without the (imo) unnecessary overhead of tls. This all appears to be a project of Michael Lazar, who’s jetforce I have been using to serve gemini here from the very beginning.

Outsourcing Sites to Social Control Media is an Outdated Mindset in 2022

Posted in Free/Libre Software at 4:22 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link | md5sum fab7f7b94ecef2d6a25a5e55a472b20d
LWN and Outsourced Speech
Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivative Works 4.0

Summary: Centralised or federated censorship/filtering platforms (also known as “social [control] media” [sic]) aren’t the way forward; we’re therefore a little surprised that Linux Weekly News (LWN) bothers with that languishing bandwagon all of a sudden

THERE is lots to be said about the state of the Web and centralisation thereof. The subject was discussed in IRC today (albeit we’ve lost part of that discussion), but the short story is, LWN has only just joined Mastodon (which I quit two years ago). They’re about 5 years late and they won’t get thousands of followers there (it’s way past the peak by now, suffering a demise like all the other social control media). Many instances shut down, there’s a free speech deficit (it seems to be getting only worse over time), and there are technical overheads, never mind the waste of time associated with all sorts of “peripheral” activities.

“But this isn’t a free account.”“For readers who want to follow our article stream on Mastodon,” LWN wrote a few hours ago, “LWN now (finally) has a presence in the Fosstodon community; you can find us at @LWN@fosstodon.org.”

But this isn’t a free account. There’s a hidden cost and time will show the true cost of such an account, as I explain in the video above. Myself and associates have come to the conclusion that social control media is, at best, a waste of time and a distraction. It can be a lot worse than that.

It doesn’t matter what nature (or topic/s of focus) a social control media site/instance may have, it’s just not designed for productive communication and constructive engagement. That’s why so many instances shut down eventually.

LWN has got itself yet another site to maintain/babysit now; the net gain would be so minimal that it’s probably not even worth it.

Links 20/05/2022: Plasma’s Latest Beta in Kubuntu 22.04, Kapow 1.6.0 Released

Posted in News Roundup at 1:40 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • LTS Laptops

        I’ve seen many positive reviews of the Framework Laptop, and now there’s a new one with a 12th gen CPU. It sounds like a worthwhile upgrade, and many commenters are looking forward to upgrade their existing, upgradable laptop.

        I wish there was something like the Framework Laptop, but with a long-term-support promise: a company that produces one laptop model, which is good enough for most people, and available for 5 years. Some single-board computers have this kind of availability guarantee, some even have an optimized OS (which becomes faster over time, by taking advantage of hardware capabilities like AArch64 and Vulkan) and some of them are good enough as desktop computers.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • VideoFedora 36 Released! And it is SERIOUS Competition to Ubuntu! (2022) – Invidious

        Fedora 36 is out and it is packed with fantastic new features. We get the flashy new gnome 42 with its new GTK 4 apps and stunningly gorgeous dark mode.

      • Linux Foundation’s Site/BlogLinux Foundation Podcast Series: “The Untold Stories of Open Source”

        The power of a story. I first wrote about this 7 years ago in a series I titled Lessons from a Two Year Old. But it is a reality as old as time itself – humans are wired for stories. We enjoy listening to them, telling them, and they help us to relate to others and to remember things.

      • Jupiter BroadcastingRecipe for Success | Self-Hosted 71

        Alex has found the perfect tool to bring your recipe management into the future. Plus, a convenient trick for scripts with passwords, dying hard drives, and the killer new Proxmox feature.

      • VideoLinux Essentials – The dnf Command – Invidious

        There’s a handful of popular package managers that are used on various Linux distributions, and dnf is among the most popular. It’s the default package manager on distros such as Red Hat, CentOS, AlmaLinux, Rocky Linux, Fedora, among others.

      • VideoDBcare – How TuxCare aims to Eliminate Database Server Reboots – Invidious [Ed: Seems like veiled marketing, not organic YouTube "material"]

        DBcare is a new offering from TuxCare, which aims to help administrators avoid rebooting database servers by live-patching them. DBcare is currently in beta, and you can test it out right now. Last year, I had a chance to chat with Jim Jackson about DBcare, and we had a really good conversation about the project that’s still timely today, especially considering the beta test has recently opened up.

    • Kernel Space

      • LWNLWN is now on Mastodon [Ed: Outsourcing one's readership to a volatile third party seems like short-sighted and risky a move from a site almost 30 years old]

        For readers who want to follow our article stream on Mastodon, LWN now (finally) has a presence in the Fosstodon community; you can find us at @LWN@fosstodon.org.

      • Linux Plumbers Conference: Microconferences at Linux Plumbers Conference: linux/arch

        Linux Plumbers Conference 2022 is pleased to host the linux/arch Microconference

        The linux/arch microconference aims to bring architecture maintainers in one room to discuss how the code in arch/ can be improved, consolidated and generalized.

    • Graphics Stack

      • Mike Blumenkrantz: Depth

        Two posts in one month is a record for May of 2022. Might even shoot for three at this rate.

        Yesterday I posted a hasty roundup of what’s been going on with zink.

        It was not comprehensive.

        What else have I been working on, you might ask.

    • Applications

      • Ubuntu PitTop 15 Best Download Managers for Linux in 2022

        It’s obvious to have a good download manager for Linux or other operating systems you are using. Though all modern browsers have a default download manager, it’s not good enough to handle an effective downloading system. When the question is whether a web browser can handle multiple downloads, pause system, torrent integration, or quick download, the answer is not satisfactory. A download manager is required when you go for downloading big files or multiple files. So, if you are looking for one right now, here I am going to share a generic list of the 15 best download managers for Linux or primarily focused on Ubuntu.

      • MedevelEteSync is an encrypted E2E sync and backup tools for your data

        EteSync offers a secure, end-to-end encrypted, and privacy respecting sync for your contacts, calendars, and tasks (using Tasks.org and OpenTasks). For notes, please use the EteSync Notes application.

        EteSync allows users to setup their own server, and sync their important and private data as contacts, and calendar events to their private data without having to worry about complex configuration or setup.

        [...]

        The Etebase server is released under the AGPL-3.0 License.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • CitizixHow To Use Vagrant with Libvirt on Linux to manage VMs

        Vagrant is an open-source software product for building and maintaining portable virtual software development environments; e.g., for VirtualBox, KVM, Hyper-V, Docker containers, VMware, and AWS. It is not a stand-alone virtualization provider. It relies on other virtualization providers such as Virtualbox, Libvirt/KVM, Docker, VMWare to create and run virtual machines.

        By default, Vagrant uses Oracle VirtualBox as provider. If more than one providers are installed (E.g. Virtualbox and Libvirt) in your system, it will always start a VM with Virtualbox unless you explicitly provide a specific provider. One of the great features of Vagrant is that users are never tied to a specific virtualization platform. The users can create workflows that work with multiple virtualization providers.

        In this guide, we will learn how to use Vagrant with Libvirt KVM provider on Linux.

      • How to Install UNRAR on Fedora 35/34/33/32

        RAR files are very common on the internet, that’s why many novice users wonder how to handle them in a distribution like Fedora. That’s why we’ve prepared this post, so you can install UNRAR on Fedora.

      • Ubuntu HandbookHow to Get rid of the Invisible “gjs” window in Ubuntu 22.04 GNOME 42 | UbuntuHandbook

        Got an invisible app window called “gjs” in Ubuntu 22.04 desktop? Here’s how to kill it without log out the current session.

        GJS, stands for Gnome JavaScript, it’s part of Gnome-shell use as JavaScript programming environment. In Ubuntu, the default Desktop Icons NG (DING) extension use gjs, which could cause the issue sometimes.

      • HowTo ForgeWhat is AWS GuarDuty and how to use it
      • ID RootHow To Install Apache Solr on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Apache Solr on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS, as well as some extra required packages by Apache

      • Make Use OfHow Memory Allocation Works on Linux

        In computers, for a process to be executable, it needs to be placed in memory. For this, a field must be assigned to a process in memory. Memory allocation is an important issue to be aware of, especially in kernel and system architectures.

        Let’s take a look at Linux memory allocation in detail and understand what goes on behind the scenes.

      • ByteXDHow to Convert a PNG to SVG in Inkscape – ByteXD

        PNG files are raster images, which means it is made-up of small static elements called pixels, each pixel is filled with one color, so if you zoom in enough, you can reach a point where there are no details but single-colored pixels stacked together.

        In contrast, vector elements are described by mathematical equations; therefore, results in infinite resolution, which means no matter how you zoom in, the file will not pixelate.

        PNGs are often the final product of the design process, i.e., after you create your logo or illustration in a vector, exporting that design as a PNG is a common step.

      • ID RootHow To Install WordPress with LEMP Stack on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install WordPress with LEMP Stack on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, WordPress is a free and open-source content management system mainly used to publish blogs on the internet. It is written in PHP and used MariaDB or MySQL as a database backend. WordPress CMS has many customization tools, such as an administrative dashboard with a user-friendly interface to create new web pages, add media, and more. WordPress is one of the most used CMS in the market today.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the WordPress with LEMP Stack on Ubuntu 22.04 (Jammy Jellyfish). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 22.04 and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint, Elementary OS, Pop!_OS, and more as well.

      • Add, Delete And Grant Sudo Privileges To Users In Ubuntu – OSTechNix

        This tutorial explains how to add, delete and grant Sudo privileges to users in Ubuntu Linux operating system. The guide is officially tested on Ubuntu 22.04 and 20.04 LTS editions. However, the steps provided below are same for other Ubuntu-based distributions such as Pop!_OS.

        Before getting into the topic, let us see what is sudo and its benefits.

      • Wouter Verhelst: Faster tar

        I have a new laptop. The new one is a Dell Latitude 5521, whereas the old one was a Dell Latitude 5590.

        As both the old and the new laptops are owned by the people who pay my paycheck, I’m supposed to copy all my data off the old laptop and then return it to the IT department.

        A simple way of doing this (and what I’d usually use) is to just rsync the home directory (and other relevant locations) to the new machine. However, for various reasons I didn’t want to do that this time around; for one, my home directory on the old laptop is a bit of a mess, and a new laptop is an ideal moment in time to clean that up. If I were to just rsync over the new home directory, then, well.

      • VideoHow to install Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 – Invidious

        In this video, I am going to show how to install Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9.

    • Games

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • Kubuntu General News: Plasma 5.25 Beta available for testing

          Are you using Kubuntu 22.04 Jammy Jellyfish, our current Stable release? Or are you already running our development builds of the upcoming 22.10 Kinetic Kudu?

          We currently have Plasma 5.24.90 (Plasma 5.25 Beta) available in our Beta PPA for Kubuntu 22.04, and in the Ubuntu archive and daily ISO build for the 22.10 development series.

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • Customize GNOME 42 with A Polished Look

          This article shows how you can customize GNOME 42 with Materia theme, Kora icons, Bibata cursors and extensions.

        • Sam Thursfield: Status update, 19/05/2022

          I had some ambitious travel plans last month – ambitious by 2020’s standards, anyway – and somehow they came off without any major issues or contagions. In Cologne I was amazed to go to Freedom Sounds festival and witness the return of the Singers ATX alongside host of other ska legends. And then my first ever trip to Italy where I attended Linux App Summit. It was a treat to be around people who are as enthusiastic as I am about the rather niche topic of Linux desktop apps… but hopefully it’s a topic which is becoming less niche.

          [...]

          updating Fedora on my partners laptop. This particular laptop was lacking a Wifi driver but that is now solved in Fedora 36. I can provide yet another datapoint that the GNOME 42 screenshot experience creates joy and happiness.

  • Distributions and Operating Systems

    • SUSE/OpenSUSE

      • openSUSE Tumbleweed – Review of the week 2022/20

        Dear Tumbleweed users and hackers,

        This week, we released 6 snapshots. One snapshot hit reached the (negative) record of most failed tests in one run. The issue was simply that YaST was unable to start, which for rather obvious reasons impacts almost all tests. This could swiftly be corrected and the following snapshot already worked again. The 6 published snapshots were 0512, 0513, 0515, 0516, 0517, and 0518.

    • Fedora Family / CentOS / Red Hat / IBM

      • Fedora ProjectFedora Community Blog: Friday’s Fedora Facts: 2022-20

        Here’s your weekly Fedora report. Read what happened this week and what’s coming up. Your contributions are welcome (see the end of the post)!

      • CentOSCentOS Community Newsletter, May 2022

        CentOS will be holding a free online Dojo on June 17. CentOS Dojos are mini conferences highlighting the work within the project and across the entire ecosystem. Registration is free but required. We invite everybody to join us.

        The call for presentations is open. We welcome presentations about CentOS Stream, CentOS SIGs, RHEL, and projects built on top of CentOS.

      • IBM Old TimerFormer IBM executive Irving Wladawsky-Berger: The 2022 Work Trend Index: How to Get Hybrid Right [Ed: Boosting a bunch of self-serving PR from Microsoft]
      • Enterprisers ProjectRemote work: 5 tips to keep your teams healthy and successful

        The pandemic forced organizations of all types to re-imagine the way employees work. In many fields, this meant the introduction of remote and hybrid work models. While this shift was necessary to address immediate health and safety requirements, it also resulted in some unintended consequences.

      • Enterprisers ProjectReveal these most-wanted soft skills from IT pros during the interview

        When comparing two strong candidates for an IT role, soft skills – the qualities that go beyond the resume – often set apart the one who wins the job. There’s an art to demonstrating these unique skills during an interview; examples are key – the more specific, the better – CIOs say.

        CIOs who recently won the 2022 Arizona CIO of the Year ORBIE Awards shared with us the soft skills they are looking for in candidates now and how they are making hiring decisions based on these attributes.

        Read on for advice for both IT professionals and hiring managers, including specific questions to ask during the interview process.

    • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

      • UbuntuHow to raise funding for your robotics venture | Chapter 2 – Akara | Ubuntu

        Our guest in this second webinar is Dr. Conor McGinn, CEO of Akara Robotics. Conor is a pioneer in assistive robotics. He was featured in the MIT Technology Review Innovators Under 35. He spun out Akara while working at Trinity College. The Irish company captured the public’s attention with their humanoid robot Stevie, which is designed to support elderly care and was featured on TIME magazine. Recently, their UV robot Violet was awarded more than €2.4M in funding through the highly competitive EIC program. The company has won several awards due to their work, including the 2022 CIO & IT leaders awards for Pilot Project of the Year.

        Conor is a skilled robotics engineer, human-robot interaction designer and entrepreneur. He is also an educator. During the webinar, he will share how he took his company from a project that started in academia to one of the most promising healthcare robotics ventures in Europe.

    • Open Hardware/Modding

      • CNX SoftwareLilyGO T-HC32 board with the world’s smallest Arm MCU (HC32L110B6) is now available for $9 – CNX Software

        HC32L110 Arm Cortex-M0+ MCU is found in a minuscule 1.59 x 1.436 mm CSP16 package that should make it the world’s smallest Arm MCU. LilyGO T-HC32 is one of the first boards with the HC32L110B6 microcontroller, and it is now available for $8.98 on Aliexpress including shipping.

        The board offers really basic features with two buttons, a WS2812 RGB LED, and two-row of ten pins each for GPIOs and power signals, plus a 4-pin header for SWD programming. There’s nothing really special about the board or its price, except for the MCU’s size that’s barely discernable from a discrete component, and much smaller than the 7x7mm ESP32-PICO-D4 system-in-package shown in the photo below for comparison.

  • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

    • Kapow 1.6.0 released

      Switched to Qt 6

    • Welcome new directors [Ed: Carlo Piana is a very good addition to OSI. But they have too many Microsofters in there, still. Most of the OSI's budget goes to Microsoft. It's a compromised organisation.]

      The 2022 election is over and the OSI has three new Directors Carlo Piana, Josh Berkus and Amanda Brock and one re-elected, Pamela Chestek. Please join me in congratulating them, they’re joining as the Board continues modernizing its function and role. I think we underestimate how much emotional effort goes into running for such a visible and competitive position so my gratitude goes to the candidates who didn’t get elected.

    • Exploring the future of Open Source [Ed: Stefano Maffulli speaks of "open source movement", but it's not a movement, it's a corporate plot/ploy to crush the real movement, called Free software. Stefano Maffulli knows his true masters; they're not Free software hackers who laid all the foundations, they're proprietary software companies looking to exploit and plunder those hackers while rewriting history.]
    • Web Browsers

    • Productivity Software/LibreOffice/Calligra

      • Document FoundationIndonesian LibreOffice community: recent activities

        On Wednesday, 18 May 2022, I had the opportunity to talk in one of the sessions at the Virtual Visit of SMK Amaliah 1 Ciawi Bogor. This activity is a routine agenda for Amaliah Vocational School in the form of seminars and visits to institutions or communities to broaden students’ knowledge of Information and Communication Technology to Support Creative and Innovative Education.

    • Content Management Systems (CMS)

      • MedevelMrDoc is a web-based document management system DMS

        MrDoc is a free, open-source DMS (Document Management System) that does not require extensive hardware resources and can run from anywhere.

        It offers two versions; an open-source edition which licensed under the GPLv3 License, and a professional commercial version with more enterprise-focused features.

        MrDoc is a feature-rich system that has dozens of features, but keep in mind it is built to organize and manage online text documents.

    • FSFE

      • FSFEFSFE signs Dutch manifesto calling for education improvements

        Students should not have to use proprietary software to participate in the educational process. The FSFE joins the Dutch coalition ‘Fair Digital Education’ supporting privacy-respecting solutions involving Free Software in schools.

    • Programming/Development

      • QtSwitching to SPDX license identifiers in Qt sources

        A Qt source file traditionally starts with a comment containing copyright statements and the full license text. Luckily, programmers aren’t bothered by this wall of text – their code editors do a good job of hiding it. Still, there are certain problems with traditional license headers, and this article explores how we address these
        issues.

        It is of course somewhat inelegant to have countless copies of the same license text in the source tree, but there are more pressing problems than that.

      • Rust

        • SDx CentralOpenSSF, Linux Foundation Want to Replace C, C++ [Ed: Using red herrings to replace standards with a pile of censorshipware controlled by Microsoft; of course there’s a missing disclosure there as many sites that push and enhance LF talking points (read: monopolies) in fact receive funding/bribes to do this]

          The Open Source Security Foundation (OpenSSF) and the Linux Foundation released an action plan to improve open source software’s security and resilience. Part of that is eliminating non-memory-safe programming languages like C and C++.

          The action plan specifically proposes a $5.5 million investment to remove root causes of vulnerabilities by replacing non-memory-safe languages.

          Programming languages like C and C++ create challenges for memory safety and difficulties in finding and eliminating defects. Languages like Go and Rust, however, “handle memory management and other kinds of security-sensitive tasks safely by default.” This makes it easier for developers to avoid entire vulnerability categories, according to the plan.

        • The New StackRust: What’s Next for the Fast-Growing Programming Language? [Ed: Loaded title; it's not so fast-growing and there have been growing pains]
        • FOSSLifeWhat’s Next for Rust?
        • Governance Update [Ed: Rust project has been in disarray with many resignations; this is a face-saving update]

          Last month, the core team, all the leads of top-level teams, the moderators, and the project representatives on the Rust Foundation board jointly sent out an update to all Rust project members on investigations happening into improvements to the governance of the Rust project.

          As is detailed in the update, this report follows extensive conversations with many inside of the project and will continue as we encourage others in the project to reach out should they have feedback or want to get involved.

  • Leftovers

    • Security

      • LWNSecurity updates for Friday [LWN.net]

        Security updates have been issued by CentOS (kernel), Debian (ark, openldap, and thunderbird), Fedora (freetype and vim), Oracle (.NET 5.0, .NET 6.0, .NET Core 3.1, container-tools:3.0, glibc, kernel, rsync, and subversion:1.10), Scientific Linux (kernel), SUSE (dcraw, firefox, glib2, ImageMagick, kernel-firmware, libxml2, libyajl, php7, ucode-intel, and unrar), and Ubuntu (openldap).

      • TechTargetCiti gives software supply chain security kit to OpenSSF
      • Reproducible Builds (diffoscope): diffoscope 213 released

        The diffoscope maintainers are pleased to announce the release of diffoscope version 213. This version includes the following changes:

        * Don't mask differences in .zip/.jar central directory extra fields.
        * Don't show a binary comparison of .zip/.jar files if we have at least
          one observed nested difference.
        * Use assert_diff in test_zip over get_data and separate assert.
        

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • The Mantle of Responsibility

        Great article about how messed up it is that the ADL is conflating white supremacy with hafrada-critical groups like CAIR and JVP and how stark that messed-up–ness appears in the face of white supremacist terrorism. (And that there are conservative Jews that are themselves repeating anti-CRT, replacement theory talking points.)

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • Trivial Patents

          I opposed and ended a trivial patent once (I found prior art) but the lesson I learned from that is that it’s important to oppose even non-trivial patents. If I identify and stop only the stupid patents, I’m only doing the work of the patent office for them.

          In the case of something like “Bionic Reading” (a proprietary system that bolds part of the words) the claimed part is not the implementation, it’s the idea and the research to verify the idea. That’s exactly the difference between patents and copyright. Copyright restricts an implementation (which, for something like code or a movie can be a very non-trivial implementation of a trivial idea. Like, the movie “The Matrix”, the idea is simple (“guy gets chosen to fight in modem land“) but the implementation cost $63 million. Patents restricts an idea (which can be an idea that’s unintuitive and difficult to come up with and verify), but the implementation is like two lines of JS.

Turkey’s Migration to Pardus Linux and LibreOffice Explained 2 Months Ago in LibrePlanet

Posted in Free/Libre Software, GNU/Linux at 9:30 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link

Summary: This talk by Hüseyin GÜÇ was uploaded under the title “Real world GNU/Linux story from Istanbul”

In Turkey, Windows Market Share is Down to Almost Nothing, ‘Linux’ is About Two Thirds of the Connected Devices

Posted in GNU/Linux, Microsoft, Windows at 9:22 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Turkey Market Share
Schools in Turkey have been moving to GNU/Linux and many people use Android, powered by Linux

Summary: Watch this graph of Windows going down from around 99.5% to just 11.55% this month

The Lies and Delusions of António Campinos

Posted in Europe, Patents at 9:10 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link | md5sum a3ad0438993c0b48861e1ef10ee8f3ed
Campinos Panders to Lobbyists
Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivative Works 4.0

Summary: Monopolies and American corporations (and their lawyers) are a priority for today’s EPO, Europe’s second-largest institution

THE “striking” video above is worth sharing, but a lot of commentary needs to accompany it (partly for legal reasons).

The EPO is meant to be about Europe, but a lot of the biggest applicants are in fact American and Monopoly Tony is bragging about it to American patent lobbyists. The above talk, which is annotated verbally (Fair Use) shows that Monopoly Tony cannot stick to concision (a form of rudeness) when speaking to American patent lobbyists (who notoriously push for software patents). He moves his hands all over the place while speaking of “harmonisation” and spreading a bunch of lies, even gloating about changing the law to suit his agenda!

“Is this the best Europe has to offer?”What’s quite illuminating here isn’t the poor communication skills (Benoît Battistelli was even worse) but advocacy of software patents — using all the typical buzzwords — culminating in evangelising “legal hacks” to circumvent laws and constitutions. Maybe the talk was so poor because it had been made for this audience, but still…

Is this the best Europe has to offer? Jet-lagged, drunk, or both?

Encoding notes/errata: At risk of distraction, the video is a tad jumpy at times. That’s just because the hardware is very weak and needs to assemble 3 video streams in tandem, in real time. It is a longstanding issue. Over time we might find a solution to this. The numbers shown on the right aren’t important; those are Gemini statistics since midnight. Only top requesters (like spiders) are shown.

Links 20/05/2022: Fedora BIOS Boot SIG

Posted in News Roundup at 8:59 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • uni TorontoWhy I’m not all that positive on working through serial consoles

        There are two ways for a server serial console to work in the x86 world. The first way is for all of the various consoles of Linux and the programs that use them to be explicitly pointed to a serial port, and for them to be prepared to work through the limited features of a serial port console instead of the video console. This means that the server BIOS, the bootloader, the Linux kernel, the init system, the OS installer, the OS recovery mode, and so on and so forth all have to support configuring a serial connection and being used over serial.

      • Nathan SmithUsing PGP Keys for SSH on Fedora

        I learned recently that PGP keys can be used for SSH authentication. This is quite convenient because if you’re already managing a PGP key to sign git commits (hint: you should probably be doing this), then you’ll have one less key to manage. As a bonus, if you’ve added your PGP public key to Github you can immediately use a subkey with authentication privileges to pull and push to your repositories over SSH.

      • Red Hat OfficialHow I got started with RHEL | Enable Sysadmin

        Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) celebrated its 20th anniversary days before RHEL 9 was released. See how some of our top authors evolved from “what’s this?” to power users.

      • OpenSource.comHow to rename a branch, delete a branch, and find the author of a branch in Git | Opensource.com

        One of Git’s primary strengths is its ability to “fork” work into different branches.

        If you’re the only person using a repository, the benefits are modest, but once you start working with many other contributors, branching is essential. Git’s branching mechanism allows multiple people to work on a project, and even on the same file, at the same time. Users can introduce different features, independent of one another, and then merge the changes back to a main branch later. A branch created specifically for one purpose, such as adding a new feature or fixing a known bug, is sometimes called a topic branch.

        Once you start working with branches, it’s helpful to know how to manage them. Here are the most common tasks developers do with Git branches in the real world.

      • How to Kill a Process from the Linux | Mark Ai Code

        In Linux, a process is an instance of a running service, application, or script. When you execute a command, application, or program, a process is established for it. Each process has a unique process id connected with a particular user and group. If any processes use excessive amounts of resources or become unresponsive, it may be necessary to terminate them. In this scenario, the kill command may be used to terminate the process without restarting the server.

        In this article, we will demonstrate how to terminate Linux processes.

      • CitizixHow to Install and Configure KVM in ArchLinux/Manjaro

        Kernel-based Virtual Machine(KVM) is a virtualization module in the Linux kernel that allows the kernel to function as a hypervisor. It is the leading open source virtualisation technology for Linux. It installs natively on all Linux distributions and turns underlying physical servers into hypervisors so that they can host multiple, isolated virtual machines (VMs). KVM comes with no licenses, type-1 hypervisor capabilities and a variety of performance extensions which makes it an ideal candidate for virtualisation and cloud infrastructure implementation.

      • Linux HandbookHow to Go to a Specific Line in Vim

        Vim is a powerful editor that, at worst, will only feel fast. When you blaze through your work in Vim efficiently, you will feel higher than anyone.

        But for that to happen, you need to master the navigation in Vim. Let me share a few tricks with you.

      • Linux Shell TipsHow to Fix curl: (6) Could not resolve host Error in Linux

        As Linux users continue to skillfully nurture and grow their user experience, they soon realize that they become more performant and productive while in the Linux command-line environment.

        The Linux OS environment exposes its users to terminal-based tools like Curl for a non-interactive download and upload of targeted network/internet-based files, which is similar to the Wget utility and both share some similarities in their implementation and functionalities.

    • Games

      • Tom’s HardwareCanonical Job Advert Suggests Expanding ‘Ubuntu Gaming’ Team

        Software Engineering vacancies at Canonical are numerous, with over 100 vacancies in this hugely important operational area for a software company. The new gaming specific role’s full title is ‘Software Engineer – Ubuntu Gaming Experience’.

      • Ruben SchadeTime splits between various OSs, via Mark C.

        I only arrived back on the Linux desktop recently in the context of games, thanks to all the work Valve and Wine have put into Windows compatibility (though I’ve since switched back to Fedora Workstation). Otherwise it’s FreeBSD and NetBSD, the former because the tooling is awesome and I prefer OpenZFS, and the latter because I still harbour a soft spot for its clean design and community.

      • Linux Links10 Fun Free and Open Source Turn-Based Strategy Games

        If you adore hectic racing games, death-defying first person shooters, entertaining arcade classics, or nervy tower defense games, this article might not up your street. Here we’re covering turn-based strategy games that require intelligence, and the ability to come up with an innovative plan that will leave the competition mesmerized. As the title indicates, we are covering a genre where players take turns when playing, strategically seeking to outsmart the enemy.

        Many of the biggest computer games concentrate on explosion-filled genres. But there is a place for high quality turn-based strategy games. It’s a neglected genre in the mainstream, yet contains many marvelous titles. The genre might conjure thoughts of board games with dice and individualized pieces. But, now, they can use the latest technology to make more realistic and immersive experiences.

        There are a vast range of open source games in this field. Turn-based strategy games lend themselves remarkably to open source development. This genre doesn’t need armies of artwork or computer modelling. Games of this type also have fairly modest system requirements, and gives gamers time to get to grips with the controls even if it can take many hours to learn all of the intricacies. You can sit back, strategize, and take a breath, considering all options before making a move. So if you’re looking for a change of pace, check out the following games.

  • Distributions and Operating Systems

  • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

    • Web Browsers

      • Mozilla

        • The Register UKMozilla opens testing for Manifest v3 extensions in Firefox

          Mozilla on Wednesday launched a Developer Preview program to solicit feedback on Firefox extensions that implement Manifest v3, a Google-backed revision of browser extension architecture.

          Mozilla last year said it intended to support MV3 in Firefox extensions, though with some differences. Its implementation of the WebExtensions API in Firefox has now incorporated enough of MV3 plumbing that developers can set the appropriate browser flags and experiment with MV3 extensions in Firefox v101, now in beta and due for release at the end of May.

          Google Chrome is expected to stop supporting extensions created under the old MV2 specification in about a year, June 2023. And given Chrome’s share of the browser market – about 64 per cent currently – extension developers will want to have updated their code by then and to have accounted for how MV3 works – or doesn’t – in different browsers.

    • SaaS/Back End/Databases

      • DJ AdamsJSON object values into CSV with jq

        I wanted to grab a CSV version of a JSON representation of an entityset in the Northwind OData service. Here’s how I converted the JSON structure into CSV with jq, and along the way, I talk about arrays, objects, iterators, object indices, variables, identity, array construction and format strings.

    • Programming/Development

      • Handwriting just might be the write pace for me

        I’ve loved typing for decades. But I recently got with handwriting implements, and was astonished by how less manic I felt capturing rumination at that pace.

        I think I’ve mentioned past love of writing little ditties on 3×5 cards, and it occurred to me perhaps I could cross that with this by handwriting to a 3×5, taking a photo of it on the phone, placing it in Google Drive, and making that available here by Drive’s URL mechanism.

      • [Old] Nathan SmithSelf-Hosting II: Hosting Git

        When I started to self-host some of the online services I depend on, this was a natural first target. It’s a service that is close to my heart, but it’s also one that would help me in the whole self-hosting process; I could use it as a place to hold my Kubernetes configurations and other self-hosting related code.

        Thankfully, the quality of free and open source web based git repositories is really high. Here is a short list of the choices available: [...]

      • ErlangErlang/OTP 25.0 Release

        Erlang/OTP 25 is a new major release with new features, improvements as well as a few incompatibilities.

      • James GLearning PHP: The Beginning

        I wrote my first programs in PHP today (with a lot of help from the [Internet]). It’s always exciting to learn something new. I am getting excited because I like knowing how my programming logic — how instructions combine to do something — applies to different languages. It’s cool seeing what features a language does have, doesn’t have, and implements differently from those that I already know. For instance, I learned today that PHP doesn’t have an explicit “dictionary” data structure. Instead, you can create a dictionary-like object using an array. (Whereas in Python array and dictionary are explicit and different.)

      • Jim NielsenQuick and Dirty Text Diffing

        What I really want, though, is a solution that lets me diff two pieces of text that aren’t yet files. Copy/paste some text into pane 1, copy/paste some text into pane 2, and hit the big red “DIFF” button.

      • OpenSource.comA programmer’s guide to GNU C Compiler | Opensource.com

        C is a well-known programming language, popular with experienced and new programmers alike. Source code written in C uses standard English terms, so it’s considered human-readable. However, computers only understand binary code. To convert code into machine language, you use a tool called a compiler.

        A very common compiler is GCC (GNU C Compiler). The compilation process involves several intermediate steps and adjacent tools.

      • Shell/Bash/Zsh/Ksh

        • EarthlyUsing Bash to Read Files

          For programmers, Bash enables you to efficiently search for particular keywords or phrases by reading each line separately. Bash can also be used for reading files for a variety of reasons, like shell scripting, searching, text processing, building processes, logging data, and automating administrative tasks. When you’re done with this article, you’ll be able to use Bash to read files line by line, use custom delimiters, assign variables, and more.

  • Leftovers

    • Common DreamsOpinion | The Heart Is Mightier Than the Sword

      They’re coming for me!

    • Barry HessWhy I Went HTML Only

      So I abandoned that idea for something else; something I hadn’t done in fifteen years or so. I started using a third-party software. Micro.blog is an application I had tried in the past, but it hadn’t quite clicked. This time I vowed to really dig in, and it turns out I do really like the service. There are plenty of templates, which you can customize yourself (I did not do that because it seemed too complex) and you can also insert your own CSS (which I did do to a complex degree). It’s sometimes a bit hard to follow how you are to do things, but overall I quite like it.

    • Science

      • Dhole MomentsGuidance for Choosing an Elliptic Curve Signature Algorithm in 2022

        Earlier this year, Cendyne published A Deep Dive into Ed25519 Signatures, which covered some of the different types of digital signature algorithms, but mostly delved into the Ed25519 algorithm. Truth in advertising.

        This got me thinking, “Why isn’t there a better comparison of different elliptic curve signature algorithms available online?”

    • Hardware

      • HackadayHacking The Logitech Z906 Speaker System

        The Logitech Z906 is a well-rounded 5.1 surround sound system. It’s capable of putting out 1000W in peak power, and can decode Dolby Digital and DTS soundtracks as you’d expect. It’s intended to be used as the heart of a home cinema system and used with a central command console. However, [zarpli] figured out the device’s serial secrets and can now run the device in a standalone manner.

      • HackadayPCB Linear Motors For Model Trains

        Modeling a railroad is hard. Railroads are large, linear pieces of civil engineering. So many modelers are drawn to the smallest scale they can use. Recently a new scale, named T, at 1:450 has been pushing this barrier. But fitting a reliable mechanical drive mechanism and MCU board in a package this size is a challenge. In practice, even more of a problem is getting reliable electrical contact through a metal wheel on metal track (about the worst possible design for a contact).

      • HackadayScott’s CPU From The Bottom Up

        It isn’t for everyone, but if you work much with computers at a low level, you’ll probably sooner or later entertain the idea of creating your own CPU. There was a time when that was a giant undertaking, but with today’s tools and FPGAs it is… well, not easy, but certainly easier. If you have the urge to try your own, you might have a look at [Simply Explained’s] video series called “Building Scott’s CPU.”

      • the new and upgraded framework laptop

        The mainboard I’m definitely excited about, especially the potential for power savings. However, for ~$450 which is half the price of the laptop, I have a much harder time justifying that purchase. I was hoping for an AMD or and ARM mainboard because I would be very interested in either of those.

        People online have been speculating that the reliance on thunderbolt 4 is preventing framework from selling an AMD mainboard, even thought it’s just an implementation of USB4 and the new AMD CPUs support USB4.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • The Nation“Case Numbers Don’t Matter”—and Other Fatal Covid Fallacies

        Back at the start of February 2022, at what in retrospect was the peak of the Omicron surge, with over 2,500 deaths per day in the United States from the infection, Ashish Jha, then the dean of the Brown University School of Public Health and now the White House Covid czar, told The New York Times’ David Leonhardt, “I don’t actually care about infections. I care about hospitalizations and deaths and long-term complications.”

      • Zach FlowerBalancing Parenthood and Startup Life

        There is nothing quite so humbling as being completely responsible for the wellbeing of another person. Your time is no longer completely our own, and if you want to survive the Parenthood Game, it’s no longer your company’s either.

      • The EconomistThe coming food catastrophe

        The widely accepted idea of a cost-of-living crisis does not begin to capture the gravity of what may lie ahead. António Guterres, the un secretary general, warned on May 18th that the coming months threaten “the spectre of a global food shortage” that could last for years. The high cost of staple foods has already raised the number of people who cannot be sure of getting enough to eat by 440m, to 1.6bn. Nearly 250m are on the brink of famine. If, as is likely, the war drags on and supplies from Russia and Ukraine are limited, hundreds of millions more people could fall into poverty. Political unrest will spread, children will be stunted and people will starve.

      • New ScientistPollution killed 9 million people worldwide in 2019 alone

        Pollution killed 9 million people globally in 2019, accounting for one in six deaths, an analysis suggests.

        Rich Fuller at the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution in Switzerland and his colleagues first assessed the impact of pollution on premature deaths in 2015, similarly finding it caused 9 million fatalities.

        To uncover how pollution-related deaths may have changed, the team repeated the analysis for 2019, using data from the ongoing Global Burden of Diseases Study.

      • New RepublicHow Bill Gates Impeded Global Access to Covid Vaccines

        Gates is certain he knows better. But his failure to anticipate a crisis of supply, and his refusal to engage those who predicted it, have complicated the carefully maintained image of an all-knowing, saintly mega-philanthropist. COVAX presents a high-stakes demonstration of Gates’s deepest ideological commitments, not just to intellectual [sic] property [sic] rights [sic] but also to the conflation of these rights with an imaginary free market in pharmaceuticals—an industry dominated by companies whose power derives from politically constructed and politically imposed monopolies. Gates has been tacitly and explicitly defending the legitimacy of knowledge monopolies since his first Gerald Ford–era missives against open-source software hobbyists. He was on the side of these monopolies during the miserable depths of the 1990s African AIDS crisis. He’s still there today, defending the status quo and running effective interference for those profiting by the billions from their control of Covid-19 vaccines.

      • TruthOutEnd of Free School Meals Will Be Catastrophic for Kids
      • Common DreamsOpinion | Why Seniors Like Me Are Fighting Against Medicare Direct Contracting and ACO REACH

        When I became eligible for Medicare I had to make the choice between Traditional Medicare and Medicare Advantage (MA), the version of Medicare run by for-profit insurance companies. At first glance, it was a no-brainer: Compared to Traditional Medicare, MA offered additional coverage such as vision, hearing, and dental, with a cap on out-of-pocket expenses. I took the bait and signed up for MA, but soon discovered this was a big mistake.

      • Taking a Break from Social Media Makes you Happier and Less Anxious – Study Hacks – Cal Newport
    • Security

      • Privacy/Surveillance

        • Common DreamsOpinion | ICE Is Spying on You

          Growing up in the Southern California suburbs, government surveillance never worried me. But my Syrian-American parents were more cautious. They would often warn me against talking about politics over the phone—in case Big Brother was snooping.

        • TechdirtClearview Settles Lawsuit, Agrees To Stop Doing Business In Illinois

          Clearview’s facial recognition AI business model has always been “fuck everything.” The company scraped the open web of all the data it could find, working its way towards a 100 billion image database that alchemizes social media posts into “intel” gold for Clearview.

        • The VergeTikTok reportedly plans a ‘major push’ into gaming and games livestreamers could play with viewers

          The outlet’s sources indicate the plan is for ad-supported games that draw from the library of its parent company, ByteDance, which could boost revenue and increase the amount of time people spend on the TikTok app — if that’s even possible.

        • Tanya GoodinYour Zoom Call Just Got Even More Uncomfortable

          Even the vice-president at Uniphore admits the limitations of the technology. “There is no real objective way to measure people’s emotions,” he said. “You could be smiling and nodding, and in fact, you’re thinking about your vacation next week.”

          Emotion AI has also consistently come under fire for the serious ethical concerns it raises. In 2019, the AI Now Institute called for a ban on the use of emotion AI in significant decisions such as hiring and when judging student performance. In 2021, the Brookings Institution called for it to be banned for use by law enforcement.

        • The ConversationFacebook Dating was set to take over the market – instead it was dead in the water

          But four years later, it hasn’t taken over the market – most people have simply forgotten about it. Numerous reports claim the dating app practically doesn’t function. Facebook’s own data suggest not many people use the service – about 300,000 in New York, compare with the claimed 3 million Bumble users in New York.

          As an online dating technology researcher, I had an eye on Facebook Dating since its announcement. But as I never heard anything about its market success, it took me a while to look into it. Now, I think I have a good idea why the app failed.

        • The VergeF-150 Lightning owners can’t use their phones as keys until ‘late summer’

          Anyone lucky enough to get an F-150 Lightning in the next few months will find that one of the features they may have opted for is missing: the ability to unlock and control the electric truck using a phone. According to screenshots of Special Service Message notices and in-app messages posted to the Lightning Owners’ Forum, Ford will be rolling out support for its Phone as a Key system in “late summer 2022” via a software update instead of shipping it with the truck at launch.

          Ford’s Phone as a Key system lets you use its FordPass app to unlock and start your vehicle, as well as control various things like the windows, lights, and front trunk. What makes the delay slightly puzzling is that this isn’t new tech from Ford — the company introduced it on a few 2020 Lincoln models, and it’s also available in its other battery EV, the Mustang Mach-E.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • NBCMichigan election chief: Trump suggested I be arrested for treason and executed

        Jocelyn Benson, Michigan’s top election official, faced an onslaught of threats after the 2020 presidential election for refusing to overturn results that showed Joe Biden had won the state. In those hectic weeks, she says she also received an especially disturbing piece of information: President Donald Trump suggested in a White House meeting that she should be arrested for treason and executed.

        Benson, a Democrat, revealed the alleged remark for the first time in an interview with NBC News. She said she learned of it from a source familiar with Trump’s White House meeting.

      • MedforthFor German courts, Islamist assassins are mentally ill, only right-wing extremist perpetrators are considered punishable by law

        Gabriele Tilmann, senior public prosecutor in Munich, has warned against automatically inferring religious motives when perpetrators of violence shout “Allahu Akbar”. Referring to the attack in Würzburg, she said: “During the attack, the man shouted ‘Allahu Akbar’. But even that does not necessarily point to an Islamist background,” she told the magazine Der Spiegel.

      • CBC‘I knew that death was coming’: Eagles of Death Metal singer testifies about Paris concert attack

        Guitar technician Eden Galindo’s first thought had been that the sound system was exploding, but Hughes said he knew instantly the venue was under attack.

        “Being from a desert community in California, I know the sound of gunshots,” Hughes told the trial of Salah Abdeslam, the only suspected surviving member of the squad that killed 130 people at several locations on Nov. 13, 2015.

      • Counter PunchMexico Leads in Opposing the Cuba Blockade and US Imperialism

        At that time AMLO, by virtue of Mexico serving as president pro tempore, presided over a summit meeting of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean states (CELAC). He proposed building “in the Western Hemisphere something similar to what was the economic community that gave rise to the current European Union.”

        Two days later, AMLO included Diaz-Canel in a celebration of the 200th anniversary of Mexican independence. Praising Cuba’s dignity in resisting U.S. aggression, he called for an end to the blockade.

      • TechdirtNY Launches Ridiculous, Blatantly Unconstitutional ‘Investigations’ Into Twitch, Discord; Deflecting Blame From NY’s Own Failings

        I recognized that lots of people are angry and frustrated over the mass murdering jackass who killed ten people at a Buffalo grocery store last weekend. I’m angry and frustrated about it as well. But, the problem with anger and frustration is that it often leads people to lash out in irrational ways, and to “do something” even if that “something” is counterproductive and destructive. In this case, we’ve already seen politicians and the media trying to drive the conversation away from larger issues around racism, mental health, law enforcement, social safety nets and more… and look for something to blame.

      • Meduza‘It was the only option’ Russia casts doubt on prisoner exchange for soldiers from Ukraine’s Azov regiment

        After weeks of defending the Azovstal steel plant as Ukraine’s last stronghold in Mariupol, soldiers from the Azov Battalion began leaving the site on May 16. The troops were evacuated into Russian-controlled territory as part of what Kyiv describes as an ongoing “rescue operation.” However, officials in Russia and the self-proclaimed Donetsk People’s Republic (DNR) have cast doubt on the possibility of swapping these soldiers in a prisoner exchange, calling instead for Azov troops to face a “tribunal” and even capital punishment.

      • Democracy NowNina Khrushcheva: Talks to End War in Ukraine Are Collapsing as U.S. Seeks Regime Change in Moscow

        As the United Nations warns about the devastating global impact of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, talks to negotiate a peace settlement appear to have collapsed. Russian President Vladimir Putin appears determined to push forward despite a more resilient Ukrainian defense than expected, as both sides seem to be fixated on gaining military and territorial victories. Meanwhile, the U.S. continues to pour millions of dollars in weapons into Ukraine. “It does seem that the United States thinks that Ukraine should be supported in its war effort, not its negotiation effort, until the very end,” says Nina Khrushcheva, professor at The New School and the great-granddaughter of former Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev. She also speaks about the current climate of civil society within Russia and the faulty intelligence that led Putin to decide to invade Ukraine.

      • Democracy NowEnd the Filibuster: Senate Can’t Pass Gun Control Despite Public Support, 198 Mass Shootings in 2022

        The white supremacist who shot 10 people dead in Buffalo, New York, was able to buy an assault rifle months after New York state police took him into custody for making a threat about committing violence. The gun store owner who sold the weapon says a background check showed a clean record. We look at how background checks alone are not enough to prevent gun violence, as both mass shootings and weapons sales have skyrocketed in recent years without more legislation at the federal level. Multiple bills proposing harsher gun restrictions have been blocked by filibusters in Congress. “Our demand is that we renew an assault weapons ban at the federal level and also that we restrict the production of high-capacity magazines or large-capacity magazines,” says Kris Brown, president of Brady, one of the oldest gun violence prevention organizations in the U.S.

      • TechdirtLawsuit Attempts To Hold TikTok Responsible For Death Of 10-Year-Old Girl Who Engaged In A ‘Blackout Challenge’

        When a tragedy happens, lawsuits tend to follow. This is no exception. And while it’s understandable that grieving survivors often seek justice — whether it’s closure or compensation — through the legal system, the legal system is not there to provide solace. It’s there to determine whether anyone was legally culpable for the death.

      • TruthOutTalks to End War in Ukraine Are Collapsing as US Seeks Regime Change in Moscow
      • Site36Hypersonic weapons: China tests aircraft carrier killer in the desert

        The People’s Liberation Army is firing at dummy US warships in the Uighur region. The ability to deliver a sensitive first strike to enemy fleets is being tested.

      • Meduza‘I fired so they’d leave me alone’: The first Russian soldier charged with a war crime in Ukraine testifies in court, confessing to following orders

        On Thursday, the second court hearing of 21-year-old Russian Sergeant Vadim Shishimarin took place in Kyiv. Shishimarin is the first Russian soldier to face formal charges for war crimes in Ukraine. He is accused of murdering a 62-year-old man in the Sumy region named Oleksandr Shelipov. According to prosecutors, on February 28, Shishimarin and four other Russian servicemen ended up in the village of Chupakhivka after their convoy was attacked and dispersed. The soldiers then fired on and commandeered a private vehicle. While driving away, they saw a civilian with a bicycle who was speaking on a cell phone. On orders from his commanding officer, Shishimarin shot the man using his assault rifle. Not long thereafter, Ukrainian troops captured the sergeant and later charged him with violating the laws and customs of warfare, as well as committing a premeditated murder. Under these statutes, Shishimarin faces between 10 years in prison and life imprisonment.

      • ScheerpostGeorge W. Bush Condemns the ‘Unjustified and Brutal Invasion of Iraq’ in Telling Slip

        Jake Johnson reports on the ex-president’s incredible slip.

      • Common DreamsIn Telling Slip, George W. Bush Condemns the ‘Unjustified and Brutal Invasion of Iraq’

        Former President George W. Bush on Wednesday inadvertently condemned “the decision of one man to launch a wholly unjustified and brutal invasion of Iraq” as he delivered remarks criticizing Russia’s assault on Ukraine.

        “Nothing will erase the memory of war criminal George W. Bush laughing—yes, laughing—about his grievously apt slip of the tongue.”

      • ScheerpostTucker Carlson’s ‘Great Replacement’ Theory Comes from an Anti-American Nazi

        Why has the American far right adopted an anti-American conspiracy theory as its rallying cry?

    • Environment

      • The NationNations Are Nowhere on Their Climate Commitments, and Too Few Journalists Are Holding Them Accountable

        This story is part of Covering Climate Now, a global journalism collaboration cofounded by Columbia Journalism Review and The Nation strengthening coverage of the climate story. The author is CCNow’s deputy director.

      • Common DreamsGlobal Climate Movement Warns Nations Have Just 6 Months to End Fossil Fuel Finance

        More than 120 civil society groups from around the world on Thursday warned that nations have only six months left to meet a collective commitment made at last year’s United Nations Climate Conference to end public financing of fossil fuels.

        “The world must immediately stop all new fossil fuel investments to meet the survival target for many vulnerable and poor communities, island nations, and fragile ecosystems.”

      • Common DreamsNow Do Windfall Tax, Say Climate Groups After Passage of Big Oil Price Gouging Bill

        While cheering U.S. House Democrats for passing a bill aimed at curbing Big Oil profiteering, progressive politicians and activists on Thursday pushed Congress to go even further and pass legislation imposing a windfall tax on fossil fuel corporations raking in record profits at the expense of consumers and the climate.

        “Enhanced investigatory powers won’t be enough to stem Big Oil’s greed and stop its exploitation. The House must move rapidly to tax the fossil fuel industry’s record windfall profits.”

      • Energy

        • David RosenthalMetastablecoins

          Ever since the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) in late 2008, central banks have kept real interest rates close to, and for much of the time below, zero. Around the beginning of this year it started to become obvious that the end of the era of “free money” was approaching, and that interest rates were going to go up. That real interest rates haven’t yet risen much above zero is because of the rampant monopolization of the US economy; companies with market power have seized on the supply chain crisis and the Russian invasion of Ukraine to raise prices and thus the inflation rate.

        • Gustaf EriksonOil and gas industry inflates size by 15x

          The Australian Financial Review has repeated claims by oil and gas peak body APPEA that their industry is a $500 billion benefit to the economy. In reality, ABS data shows the total oil and gas industry’s value is $33.8 billion.

          The oil and gas industry is largely foreign-owned so outside of salaries paid in Australia most benefits of the industry’s activities go offshore. This is especially true given the extremely minimal tax paid by the industry, paying zero income tax and minimal amounts of PRRT on vast revenues.

          If all industries made the same claim, it would add up to 15X the actual value of the Australian economy according to economist Mark Ogge.

        • CBC[Cryptocurrency] markets tumble and investors get their fingers burned

          People who put their hard-earned cash into a tumbling cryptocurrency unit that is at the heart of the latest sharp decline in digital coins may be regretting they did not read a recent paper by Canadian financial technology scholar Ryan Clements demonstrating why it was bound to fail.

          In fact, all investors who have piled into any crypto assets since the end of 2020 and have not already sold may be feeling remorse for failing to take Clements’s comments in my last column on cryptocurrency as a word to the wise. Most will be deeply under water: In other words, their investments will be worth a lot less than they paid for them.

        • Renewable Energy WorldU.S. Army launches renewable energy projects at military bases

          Ameresco has contracted LS Energy Solutions to supply a 6 MW/6 MWh lithium-ion battery storage system to be paired with an existing 18 MW solar PV system at the Fort Detrick Army Garrison in Maryland.

          The system will be microgrid-ready and is expected to come online in early 2023. The system has a 20-year operating lifetime, according to LS Energy.

    • Finance

      • Democracy NowAn End to Neoliberalism? How Chile Drafted New Constitution to Rewrite Pinochet-Era Laws

        In a historic milestone, Chile has finalized a draft of its first-ever democratically written constitution to replace the one created under the U.S.-backed neoliberal dictator Augusto Pinochet. The new constitution is expected to enshrine a wide range of human rights and social programs, including free universal access to healthcare, higher education, reproductive rights, as well as more robust environmental safeguards and policies to promote gender and racial equity. It will also for the first time recognize Chile’s Indigenous peoples and offer restitution for historically Indigenous lands, but does not include a measure to nationalize parts of the country’s mining industry. “It has been a demand of social movements, of the civil society in Chile for decades,” says Pablo Abufom, member of Chile’s “Solidaridad” movement.

      • TruthOut7 in 10 Young Voters Support Canceling Student Debt, Poll Finds
      • Common DreamsAnalysis: 26 US Billionaires Paid Average Tax Rate of Just 4.8% in Recent Years

        When their astronomical wealth gains are taken into account, dozens of the top billionaires in the United States paid an average federal tax rate of just 4.8% from 2013 to 2018—a significantly higher rate than the nation’s average taxpayer.

        “As long as we fail to tax their main source of income—the growth in their fortunes—many billionaires will continue to live largely tax-free lives.”

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • TechdirtHomeland Security Once Again Demonstrates Its Own Incompetence, ‘Pauses’ Orwellian Named Disinfo Board

        All of this was easily predictable for, well, basically anyone. The already Orwellian-named Department of Homeland Security last month announced the even more Orwellian-named Disinformation Governance Board, with no details, no explanation, and no nothing, other than naming a somewhat controversial researcher to lead it. We called out just how ridiculous the whole thing was at the time, for a variety of reasons, but just to recap:

      • The VergeMeta tells employees to stop discussing abortion at work

        A Meta executive told employees on Thursday that they are prohibited from talking about abortion on Workplace, an internal version of Facebook, citing “an increased risk” that the company is seen as a “hostile work environment.”

      • Frontpage MagazineMuslim Mob Beats, Stones, Torches a Female Christian Student in Nigeria

        The Christian girl had apparently challenged a group of Muslim students spreading Islamic propaganda, thereby rousing their ire in a nation where Christians are being purged in a genocide (and where just two days ago 29 other Christians were hacked to death by Muslims).

      • MedforthGermany: Berlin police may no longer report attacks on Jews and gays

        In future, the Berlin police may not transmit data on assaults to victim support institutions and counselling centres – because of data protection. This is what the data protection commissioner of the Berlin law enforcement agencies has decreed, as reported by the newspaper Berliner Zeitung. His reasoning in a memo seems absurd: “In order to prevent re-identification”, the information transmitted must not describe the crime, nor the place, for example the street, the time of the crime or the age of those involved. A note obtained by the Berliner Zeitung states that any reference to a person must be prevented: “The reference to a person includes all information that refers to a person. Every description of human behaviour or human characteristics has a reference to a person. The description of a crime therefore relates to a person.

    • Freedom of Information / Freedom of the Press

    • Civil Rights/Policing

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • Internet SocietyStrengthening Africa’s Domain Name System

        In 2013, the Internet Society, in partnership with the Africa Top Level Domain (AfTLD) and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), launched the Africa Domain Name System (DNS) Forum. The goal was to improve the technical and governance operation levels in African country code top-level domain (ccTLD) registries and to foster Internet resilience.

      • TechdirtBillions In Broadband Funding Begin To Flow… Before We’ve Mapped Broadband Gaps

        As we’ve previously noted, the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act will dole out an historic $65 billion to shore up broadband access. $42 billion of that total will directly fund a Broadband Equity, Access, and Deployment (BEAD) grant program overseen by the NTIA. It’s a massive infusion of money, and much of it should have a genuine, productive impact on the nation’s longstanding broadband gaps.

      • AccessNowCoalition to Boris Johnson: Sanctions must protect Russian internet access

        Human rights and press freedom organizations in the U.K. and globally have called on the U.K. government to ensure its sanctions on Russia and Belarus protect digital rights.

        A coalition of groups led by Access Now published a letter to Boris Johnson’s government and U.K. sanctions authorities on Friday, urgently requesting a new “general license” that enables U.K. businesses — and those with U.K. operations — to maintain services that help people access the internet in Russia and Belarus.

        “In the face of rapidly escalating sanctions, many businesses have pulled out of Russia, leaving civil society and other democratic actors bereft of access to the global internet,” said Natalia Krapiva, Tech Legal Counsel at Access Now. “Despite Russian censorship and surveillance, the internet remains one of the last places for Russians to seek, receive, and impart information and ideas outside of President Putin’s grasp.”

      • AccessNowLetter to U.K. government: Do not disrupt internet access in Russia or Belarus

        Dear Rt Hon. Boris Johnson, Rt Hon Simon Clarke, The Rt Hon Elizabeth Truss MP, and Director Thomson,

        The signatories to this letter deplore Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, condemn in the strongest possible terms the grave violations committed by Russian forces there, and appreciate efforts by the United Kingdom and other governments to respond with strong and targeted measures. However, we write to express our concerns about new sanctions that may interfere with the Russian people’s access to the internet, which will obstruct attempts to organize in opposition to the war, report openly and honestly on events in Russia, and access information about what is happening in Ukraine and abroad.

        New measures implemented by the U.K. may impact business between companies operating in the U.K. and Russian telecommunications firms like TransTelekom, and carry the unintended consequence of disrupting internet access in Russia. There is also increasing pressure, internally and externally, on information and communications technology vendors like internet, telecommunications, and cloud service providers to voluntarily restrict or block access by users in Russia. Already, for example, tech companies are withdrawing paid applications and services, banning Russia entirely, and limiting services to civil society under vague justifications. These measures could unnecessarily facilitate further repression by the Russian government in Belarus, Ukraine, and beyond.

      • Ulrike Uhlig: How do kids conceive the internet? – part 2

        As said in my first post, I abandoned the idea to interview children younger than 9 years because it seems they are not necessarily aware that they are using the internet. But it turns out that some do have heard about the internet. My friend Anna, who has 9 younger siblings, tried to win some of her brothers and sisters for an interview with me. At the dinner table, this turned into a discussion and she sent me an incredibly funny video where two of her brothers and sisters, aged 5 and 6, discuss with her about the internet. I won’t share the video for privacy reasons — besides, the kids speak in the wondrous dialect of Vorarlberg, a region in western Austria, close to the border with Liechtenstein.

    • Monopolies

      • Copyrights

        • Torrent FreakMegaupload Pair Face 10 Years in Prison on New Organized Crime Charges

          Earlier this month, former Megaupload executives Mathias Ortmann and Bram van der Kolk revealed that they had reached a deal with authorities to be charged in New Zealand, thereby avoiding extradition to the United States. According to charge sheets, each faces up to 10 years in prison for conspiring as part of an “organized criminal group.”

        • Torrent FreakCourt: Foreign Torrent Site Operator Can Be Sued in the US

          The Pakistani operator of popular torrent site MKVCage can be held personally liable for contributory copyright infringement in the US. The case in question was filed by the makers of the film Hellboy. US District Court Judge Seabright concludes that the use of US-based services invokes jurisdiction, even though a magistrate judge concluded otherwise.

        • Creative CommonsEpisode 31: Open Culture VOICES – Buhle Mbambo-Thata

          Welcome to episode 31 of Open Culture VOICES! VOICES is a vlog series of short interviews with open GLAM (galleries, libraries, archives, and museums) experts from around the world. The Open Culture Program at Creative Commons aims to promote better sharing of cultural heritage in GLAMs collections. With Open Culture VOICES, we’re thrilled to bring you various perspectives from dozens of experts speaking in many different languages on what it’s like to open up heritage content online. In this episode, we hear from Dr. Buhle Mbambo-Thata, University Librarian at the National University of Lesotho. Buhle is a distinguished librarian whose knowledge and expertise has been recognized with the following awards: the IFLA Medal for Distinguished Service to Libraries in Africa; the UNISA woman of the year award, as well as the Chancellor’s award for distinguished leadership. Her work spans international and continental work to advance the library sector as a key player in education and development.

        • Creative CommonsEpisode 32: Open Culture VOICES – Martine Denoyelle

          In this episode, we hear from Martine Denoyelle, Curator & Project Manager Digital Prospective at the Institut national d’Histoire de l’art. After having spent part of her career at the Department of Greek, Etruscan and Roman Antiquities of the Louvre Museum, she was scientific advisor at the National Institute of Art History from 2008 to 2016, then in charge of the digital prospective mission responsible for the Images / Usages project. She has organized in Paris several events on Digital Art History and the actuality of Open GLAMs.

Links 20/05/2022: Oracle Linux 8.6 and VMware Security Crisis

Posted in News Roundup at 2:35 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

    • Kernel Space

      • WCCF TechIntel Arc Graphics Cards Get ‘VRAM Self-Refresh’ Feature In Latest Linux Drivers

        Linux 5.19 kernel continues to see plenty of AMD, NVIDIA, and Intel updates. Intel is starting to slow down with its preparations for the company’s Arc Alchemist and DG2 open-source drive support, moving towards a more standard starting requirement for their dGPU. Recently, additions to non-core features for the ARC graphics devices have appeared. One of these newest inclusions is vRAM Self-Refresh, or vRAM SR.

    • Graphics Stack

      • Mike Blumenkrantz: Ugh

        Mesa 22.1 is out, and it has the best zink release of all time.

      • GamingOnLinuxMesa 22.1.0 out now improving open source graphics

        Mesa 22.1.0 is out now bringing tons of improvements for open source graphics drivers for OpenGL and Vulkan. The official Mesa website doesn’t (yet) have a changelog up, but you can peruse it like I did over on the official GitLab.

    • Applications

      • Louis-Philippe Véronneau: Introducing metalfinder

        Introducing metalfinder, a cli tool to find concerts using your local music collection! At the moment, it scans your music collection, creates a list of artists and queries Bandsintown for concerts in your town. Multiple output formats are supported, but I mainly use the ATOM one, as I’m a heavy feed reader user.

      • GamingOnLinuxDeveloper of popular noise suppression tool NoiseTorch has dev machine compromised

        Are you a user of NoiseTorch? It’s a popular way of getting some pretty great noise suppression on your microphone, to keep out all that background noise or a hammer hitting your desk. Sadly, the developer had a machine compromised.

      • Kubernetes 1.24: Introducing Non-Graceful Node Shutdown Alpha

        Kubernetes v1.24 introduces alpha support for Non-Graceful Node Shutdown. This feature allows stateful workloads to failover to a different node after the original node is shutdown or in a non-recoverable state such as hardware failure or broken OS.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • CitizixHow to use Terraform to create a vpc network and a Compute instance in GCP

        In this guide, we will build a simple compute instance(virtual machine) in Google cloud platform using terraform. Terraform allows you to develop cloud infrastructure by automating repetitive tasks.

        If you have a use case where you need to create multiple instances, all of which have different memories, disk sizes, and operating systems, the process of going to the GCP Console UI and manually clicking buttons to set up each server can be tiring and time consuming. Terraform was created to solve that problem. It allows you to have the instructions as code that can be used to plan, deploy, modify, and destroy all of our systems.

      • How to Install Ansible on Ubuntu 22.04 – Cloudbooklet

        Install Ansible on Ubuntu 22.04 and configure it to connect to remote servers to automate several tasks. Ansible is a configuration management tool which offers an architecture that doesn’t require special software to be installed on nodes, using SSH to execute the automation tasks and YAML files to define provisioning details.

        In this guide you are going to learn how to install Ansible on a Ubuntu 22.04 server and configure it to connect with remote servers on Google cloud and AWS instances.

      • Linux HintGit Bash Delete Directory

        On the Linux operating system, a directory is a normal repository for hierarchically storing files like what we do in any other Windows operating system. The /bin/ directory, for example, would keep all executable binary files. On the other hand, Git is a version control system used worldwide to create version records of each file and folder so that any change can be monitored through a local computer as well as a remote desktop. Deleting a git directory from its local desktop is quite similar to deleting a normal bash file and folder. It just takes some more commands than usual. So, we have decided to discuss in this article the topic “delete directory in git” using the Bash environment. Let’s get started with the opening of the Kali Linux terminal.

      • Linux HintHow to Install and setup Zsh (Z shell) on Raspberry Pi

        The Z Shell or zsh is the advanced form of the Bourne shell (bash) and zsh contains many unique features that are not present in the bash. For example, in the bash shell, to navigate some directory, we use the “cd” with the directory name, wherein zsh, we navigate to any directory by just using its name, moreover, the zsh also auto-corrects the minor spelling mistakes in the commands.

        In this write-up, we will explore the method of installing the zsh on the Raspberry Pi operating system using the terminal.

      • Linux HintHow to Configure Application Load Balancer for Intelligent Routing

        Application load balancer (ALB) is a type of elastic load balancer provided by AWS. It operates at the 7th layer of the OSI layer model and can be configured for intelligent routing. Using application load balancer, traffic can be routed to different target groups depending upon the following parameters…

      • Linux HintHow to Build WSJT-X from Source Raspberry Pi Bullseye

        WSJT is a free and open-source powerful application that is used for weak-signal radio communication between amateur radio operators. Usually, you will require a single sideband receiver and a computer with a sound card to operate this program. On Windows OS, its installation is pretty straightforward using the .exe file, but on Raspberry Pi, it requires few efforts to build it from the Raspberry Pi’s source.

        This article will guide you on how to build WSJT-X 2.5.4 from the source Raspberry Pi Bullseye.

      • Linux HintHow to Install and Customize Hyper terminal on Ubuntu 22.04

        A terminal is considered the backbone of a Linux operating system and the users spend most of their time using the terminal to perform various activities. However, most of them may become tired of using the same terminal screen every time and they will surely need a solution to change the look of their Linux terminal screen.

        Hyper Terminal is an excellent utility that will allow you to install various themes and plugins to completely change your terminal look. It includes several features, such as different fonts, multiple style changes and much more.

      • Linux HintHow Do I Run as Sudo Root in Fedora

        A root user has all the administrative access in a Linux OS. Some of the root privileges include removing a file, adding/removing a user account, installing/removing an application, changing file permissions, etc. A standard user does not have this kind of privileges. However, an administrator can grant a standard user sudo privileges to run administrative commands. This way a standard user (non-root user) can run administrative commands without logging in as a root user. The commands then run as if that user is an administrator.

        This post describes how to run commands as sudo root in Fedora. It will cover the step-by-step process on how to add a user, set a password for it, and then assign it sudo privileges. In the end, we will verify if the user has been granted the sudo privileges and can run the commands as sudo.

      • Linux HintHow to control screen brightness in Ubuntu 22.04

        Are you worried about your screen brightness in Ubuntu 22.04 and want to change it according to your eye comfort? You should need a desktop application called Brightness Controller. It’s a powerful application that includes primary secondary brightness. To ensure eye safety, it includes color temperature control that can easily be set based on your choice. .
        This article is a guide on how to install Brightness Controller in Ubuntu 22.04.

      • ID RootHow To Install R Programming Language on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install R Programming Language on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, R is an open-source programming language and free software environment for statistical computing and graphical representation. Supported by the R Foundation for Statistical Computing, it is an increasingly popular and extensible language with an active community. R offers many user-generated packages for specific areas of study, which makes it applicable to many fields.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the R Programming Language on Ubuntu 22.04 (Jammy Jellyfish). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 22.04 and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint, Elementary OS, Pop!_OS, and more as well.

      • UNIX CopHow to install curl on CentOS 9 Stream

        cURL is a command available on most Unix-based systems. The main function of cURL is to interact via protocols with URLs. In this way, we can download files and do all kinds of tests.

        curl is used in command lines or scripts to transfer data. curl is also used in cars, television sets, routers, printers, audio equipment and many more.

        One of the great advantages of cURL is that it is open source and with a friendly license, we can use it in almost any project.

      • How To Set Up Linux On Your Chromebook

        Chrome OS began as a simple browser-based operating system that only ran progressive web and Chrome apps. Over the years, Google’s OS has evolved well past its humble origins. Modern Chromebooks support Android apps and the Google Play Store, making them far more versatile than their predecessors. But you can also install Linux on Chrome OS to turn your Chromebook into a true powerhouse.

        To be clear, Chrome OS is built on Linux, so third-party workarounds for access to the Linux kernel have existed for years, though Google only officially announced the support in 2018 (via Google Blog). The company allows developers and enthusiasts to run Linux-exclusive apps in an integrated, user-friendly environment. The Linux system is “sandboxed,” meaning the apps cannot damage or alter your Chrome OS. It’s based on Debian 10 (Buster), which uses the APT package manager to install and update your apps (via Google). Note that Linux on Chromebook doesn’t offer hardware acceleration or camera support yet. Here’s how to set up Linux on your Chromebook.

      • Backup Kubernetes Cluster Resources to AWS S3 with Velero
      • How to Install GLPI [IT Asset Management] Tool on RHEL Systems

        GLPI is a French acronym for ‘Gestionnaire Libre de Parc Informatique‘ or simply ‘Free IT Equipment Manager‘ It’s an open-source IT asset Management, service Desk System, and issue tracking system written in PHP.

    • Games

  • Distributions and Operating Systems

    • Barry KaulerEasyOS/Debian: Easy Bookworm version 0.3 released

      These are pre-alpha releases so far. When all the obvious bugs are found and it seems functionally equivalent to Easy Dunfell, then I will probably bump the version to match, say 3.5.

    • Barry KaulerTime-out to explore ideas

      EasyOS is an experimental distribution, subject to change as I explore new ideas.

      I want to go into an exploratory binge now, toying with some fundamental structural changes, so might be a bit unresponsive to any questions posted on the forum.

    • Fedora Family / IBM

      • Announcing the release of Oracle Linux 8 Update 6

        Oracle is pleased to announce the availability of the Oracle Linux 8 update 6 for the 64-bit Intel, 64-bit AMD (x86_64) and 64-bit Arm (aarch64) platforms.

        This release includes the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel (UEK) Release 6 Update 3 on the installation image, along with the Red Hat Compatible Kernel (RHCK) for the x86_64 platform. For new installations, UEK R6 is enabled and installed by default and is the default kernel on first boot. UEK R6, the kernel developed, built, and tested by Oracle, is based on the mainline Linux Kernel 5.4 and delivers more innovation than other commercial Linux kernels.

    • Devices/Embedded

      • Raspberry PiA teaspoon of computing in every subject: Broadening participation in computer science

        From May to November 2022, our seminars focus on the theme of cross-disciplinary computing. Through this seminar series, we want to explore the intersections and interactions of computing with all aspects of learning and life, and think about how they can help us teach young people. We were delighted to welcome Prof. Mark Guzdial (University of Michigan) as our first speaker.

      • CNX SoftwareRockchip RK3588 Pico-ITX board launched with four-node cluster box (Crowdfunding) – CNX Software

        The Mixtile Blade 3 Pico-ITX single board computer (SBC) powered by Rockchip RK3588 processor has now launched on Crowd Supply with either 8GB or 16GB RAM, and an optional four-node cluster box with a built-in PCIe switch designed to accommodate four Mixtile Blade 3 boards.

        The board also comes with up to 128GB of storage, two 2.5GbE interfaces, HDMI 2.1 output, HDMI 2.0 input, USB 3.2 Gen 1 USB Type-C ports, as well as a mini PCIe Gen 2 for expansion and a 30-pin GPIO header for expansion, as well as U.2 edge connector with 12V, PCIe x4 Gen 3 and SATA signals to interface with other Mixtile boards and build clusters.

      • HackadayPut A New Spin On Your 3D Printed Parts

        Once you get tired of printing keychains and earbud holders with your 3D printer, you’ll want to design things a bit more sophisticated. How about things that rotate? [3DSage] has a good how-to about how to integrate a simple motor and controller into a few different size boxes. Combined with some 3D printed linkages, these boxes can turn your project — printed or otherwise — into something that spins.

  • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

    • Web Browsers

      • Mozilla

        • Firefox for Android no longer gives the user control over the browsing experience. Privacy Browser turns off JavaScript by default. – BaronHK’s Rants

          Firefox/Fennec for Android no longer give the user significant control over the browsing experience.

          The browser that said it was on a mission to enable users to “take back the Web” has been falling from grace for years, starting with Digital Restrictions Malware module, Widevine, and then quickly moving to remove a lot of features and then relegating them to extensions, which were then neutered in order to make them easier to port over from Chrome.

          But nothing has made me more upset than what has happened to Firefox (or Fennec, the Free and Open Source version) for Android.

          Mozilla’s move to GeckoView rendered over 99% of all Firefox extensions incompatible with the mobile browser, including bypass paywalls, and there is no longer any way that I’m aware of to turn off JavaScript.

          Major news Web sites like the New York Times are now unreadable in Firefox for Android because I can’t simply block their paywall like I can in my desktop browser, so I decided to try out Privacy Browser for Android, which is in the F-Droid store.

    • Programming/Development

      • Re: Bloat

        Not everyone is working on the shell all day long. This is a choice everyone can make, but it is by no means compelling. I do use the i3/sway window managers, so I’m clearly working in a GUI envionment. However, a tiling window manager full of terminal/bash frames is indistinguishable from the pure console for many people.

      • Dumb Meme

        WHY YOU WANT GUI FOR TEXT EDITOR? IS NOT GOOD ENOUGH AS PROCURED FROM REPOSITORY? YOU THINK NEEDS IMPROVEMENT? THEN MAYBE YOU FIND JOB WITH DEVELOPER OF GNU! YOU HAVE DRINKS WITH BRAM MOOLENAAR, TRADE STORY OF MANY TEXT EDITORS DESIGNED AND DETAILS OF FREE SOFTWARE PORTFOLIO!

      • Linux HintArray of Pairs in C++

        The term pair refers to the combination of two values of different types. Pair allows you to keep two separate objects as a single unit. It is mostly utilized when storing tuples.

        The pair container is a basic container declared in the utility header that consists of two collected data or objects. The first element in the pair container is referred to as ‘first,’ while the second element is referred to as ‘second’, with the order fixed as (first, second).

        By default, the object of a specified array is allocated in a map or hash map of the type ‘pair,’ with all of the ‘first’ elements having unique keys paired with their ‘second’ value objects. To obtain the elements, we use the variable’s name followed by the dot operator and by the first or second keywords.

      • Linux HintDart Hello World

        Dart is a Google-developed static programming language. It allows for client-side and server-side application development. As per the GitHub adoption index, it has become the most widely used programming language because it incorporates the flutter toolkit. However, the Flutter Framework is commonly utilized in developing Android applications, iOS applications, IoT (Internet of Things), and online applications. Dart has a high syntactic and semantic similarity to JavaScript, Java, CPP, and python. It is a vibrant object-oriented language with lexical scope and closure. Dart was released in 2011, but it gained prominence after 2015 with the release of Dart 2.0.

        In this article, we will look at the basic representation of Dart syntax and how to print hello world in the dart programming language. The fundamental framework of Dart programming will be demonstrated here.

      • Java

        • Linux HintHow to Get User Input in Java

          In programming languages, taking the user’s input is an essential task. In Java, multiple predefined classes are used to get the user’s input such as Scanner, BufferedReader, and Console class. All these classes utilizes various methods for handling input such as nextLine(), readLine(), etc.

        • Linux HintHow to convert string to int in Java

          Converting one data type to other data types is a common task in the prommer’s life. If we talk about the string to int conversion it can be achieved using two build-in methods i.e., Integer.ParseInt() and Integer.ValueOf(). Usually, we perform the string to int conversion when we have to execute mathematical operations over the strings containing numeric data.

      • Rust

        • HackadayThings Are Getting Rusty In Kernel Land | Hackaday

          The other answer is that Rust is an easy fit with C code and kernel programming. Rust does it’s magic in the compiler. The code you write is what actually runs, without an interpreter or garbage collection trying to be helpful. Rust hasn’t overdosed on Object Oriented patterns, but meshes nicely with the C-style structs already used in the kernel. Even the stack model is very similar to C.

          There’s one problem with Rust’s memory-safe guarantee — it’s impossible to write a kernel that is formally memory-safe. A kernel has to write to unallocated memory, do weird pointer math, and other seemingly bizarre things to actually make our computers work. This doesn’t work well with a language that tries to guarantee that memory manipulations are safe. How do you write kernel code with Rust, then? Rust has added the unsafe keyword, allowing use of direct memory access and other such techniques that don’t work with Rusts’s memory guarantees. Keep the potential problems together, and it makes auditing easier.

          There’s at least one other language that may come to mind as an incremental update to C that tries to do some of these things: C++. Surely this would have been even a better fit, right? Kernel devs have some strong feelings about that idea. To put it gently, none of the improvements in C++ are useful in the context of the kernel, and some of the other changes just get in the way.

  • Leftovers

    • Counter PunchWho’s the Father?

      They suck the virgin light through straws poked into your child’s mind as if it were a school milk carton and when the slurpings done the child’s face shows up on the box, another desaparecido They tiptoe through the night’s broad shadows hysteriques and monotones whispering sweet nothings in your dreams as they suck and leave behind like a mosquito leaves malaria the molecule:Evil – Hate – Anger that poisons, becomes the lens through which the world is secretly seen, their argoty world of ‘warlocks and witches’ felt by Others who cross their path their secret men’s world of psycho-pathology John Wayne Gacy hydra-heads on a brain stem stick they look at you askance with abracadabra eyes on the loose, in some places more than others, with their chaos seeded, final solutions, and lies The Fall when you think about it has some problems for modern readers as an Origin story Adam’s Rib, for instance, raising the question: Who owns a woman’s body? And God’s prideful son, Satan tossed from the Ivory Tower, appears to have given Eve carnal knowledge leading to the first birth of the swarthy Cain who watched his blonde and blue eyed brother, Abel get the best tit in life, more smile pie bringing to life the molecule and the murder and the secondary Exile, Cain away and Seth, who would become Abe and the 3 Tribes, on his way, and here we are, a world divided between Cainites and Abes and the crazy East of Eden, with Tao yoyos, and the sayonara sea of trees (they have their own Origin stories) and we’ve lost track of the Cainites who are the Deep State running everything while the Maker’s off like a sailor big bangin’ and constellating some other celestial mama’s firmament and, if He’s anything like my dad, He won’t be coming back any time soon neurasthenia or nirvana call it what you will call it multiverse, and spill Ask yourself: Am I with Cain or Seth? I know, it takes away the breath and in the day’s

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • HackadayWater Your Plants Just Four Times Per Year

        While it’s true that some plants thrive on neglect, many of them do just fine with a few ounces of water once a week, as long as the light level is right. But even that is plenty to remember and actually do in our unprecedented times, so why bother trying? [Martin] has solved this problem for us, having given every aspect of automatic plant care a lot of thought. The result of his efforts is Flaura, a self-watering open-source plant pot, and a YouTube channel to go with it.

      • Counter PunchHow Decriminalized Marijuana is Reinventing Racism and Poisoning

        An Attack on Black and Brown Cultures 

        Spanish-speaking people, who have lived in the US since it stole half of Mexico’s land, have a tradition of smoking marijuana. Amid a growing fear of Mexican immigrants in the early twentieth century, hysterical claims about the drug became widespread, such as allegations that it caused a “lust for blood.”  The term cannabis was largely replaced by the Anglicized marijuana, perhaps to suggest the foreignness of the drug. Around this time many states began passing laws to ban pot.

    • Linux Foundation

    • Security

      • IT WireExperts urge VMware users to patch critical flaws right away

        Security professionals have warned that an authentication bypass flaw in VMware products needs to be patched as soon as possible to prevent its being exploited.

        VMware issued an advisory on Wednesday warning of the flaw affecting VMware Workspace ONE Access (Access), VMware Identity Manager (vIDM), VMware vRealize Automation (vRA), VMware Cloud Foundation and vRealize Suite Lifecycle Manager.

        Satnam Narang, staff research engineer at security outfit Tenable, said the vulnerabilities patched as part of VMware’s VMSA-2022-0014 advisory along with the Emergency Directive and associated alert published by the US’ Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency were an important reminder about the importance of patching vulnerabilities as early as possible.

      • Privacy/Surveillance

        • ScheerpostICE Probably Spied on You

          A new investigation reveals the immigration agency has collected data on most Americans. It’s the latest case in a worrying trend.

        • EFFTwo of Peru’s Top ISPs Improve Transparency Practices, While Two Competitors Lag Behind, New Hiperderecho’s Report Shows

          Hiperderecho’s new ¿Quién Defiende Tus Datos? (“Who Defends Your Data”) report, launched today, reveals disparities in data protection and privacy practices among Peru’s four leading internet service providers (ISPs). Movistar came out slightly ahead in the new report after tying with Claro for the top position in the report’s last edition. Except for the user notification category, Movistar received full credit in all other evaluated parameters. Even though all four companies—Bitel, Claro, Entel, and Movistar—have improved their marks since the first edition in 2015, the disparities in the latest results are evident. In four out of eight evaluated categories, Bitel and Entel received no credit, highlighting their lack of transparency regarding government requests for getting access to user personal data.

          Only Movistar and Claro received scores  for publishing information about government requests for user data, disclosing guidelines they follow when responding to such requests, explicitly committing to require judicial orders before handing user data to authorities, and disclosing practices for notifying users about such government requests. The report also looked at companies’ privacy policies, digital security practices, and human rights policies. In those categories, all four companies earned at least partial scores.

          This report, the fourth evaluating Peru’s major telecom operators,  included a new category: whether telecom companies make available webpages, contracts, and/or privacy policies in native languages, like Quechua and Aymara. As Hiperderecho’s report highlights, “[w]e consider this to be of utmost importance because there is no free and informed consent if the information presented regarding the processing of personal data is not in an understandable language.” 

        • Packing and unpacking – biosejo 120220519

          Regarding naivete, I can identify how, when becoming more privacy-aware, I stopped using my legal name online, I deleted a lot of traces and connections, and I went “into the dark”.

          I can also identify how, when becoming more aware of the upcoming collapse, I stopped doing a lot of things that I found fun, I became somewhat cynic (despite not wanting to!), I questioned everything I was doing and being part of, I got paralyzed, and again, I went inwards, “into the dark”.

        • IT WireiTWire – Eight months after Huawei CFO freed, Canada bans Chinese telco gear

          Nearly eight months after it freed Huawei chief financial officer Meng Wanzhou in a prisoner swap with China, Canada has announced that it would ban the use of products from telecommunications equipment vendors Huawei and ZTE in its 5G networks.

          François-Philippe Champagne, Canada’s Minister of Innovation, Science and Industry, said in a statement on Thursday: “Today, the government of Canada is ensuring the long term safety of our telecommunications infrastructure.

          “As part of that, the government intends to prohibit the inclusion of Huawei and ZTE products and services in Canada’s telecommunications systems.

          “This follows a thorough review by our independent security agencies and in consultation with our closest allies.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • TruthOutBush Accidentally Condemns “Brutal Invasion of Iraq” When Talking About Ukraine
      • ScheerpostAmerica the Bulletful

        “America the Bulletful,” a new original cartoon by the inimitable Mr. Fish, considers the lethal rebranding of our nation’s identity in the face of our gruesomely entrenched gun culture.

      • Meduza‘I don’t know what to do’: Taken to the Russian Far East, refugees from Mariupol were promised housing and jobs. They have yet to receive either.

        For three weeks, more than 300 refugees from Mariupol have been living in the town of Vrangel in Russia’s Far Eastern Primorsky Krai. During Russia’s weeks-long siege of Mariupol, which is now under occupation, many residents were unable to safely escape to territory controlled by Kyiv. Instead, some civilians seeking evacuation were forcibly deported to the Russian city of Taganrog. Upon arriving at the local train station, these refugees were talked into going to the country’s Far East, where they were promised free housing, reduced mortgage rates, relocation support, and jobs. As a result, some 300 refugees from Ukraine ended up in a small town on the shores of the Nakhodka Bay. In interviews with Meduza, refugees living in Vrangel recounted what has happened to them since arriving in Russia.

      • Counter PunchIndia Has a Key Role to Play in a Possible New World Order

        Jaishankar’s statement was not unusual. He and his colleagues have been pushing back against the West’s “concerns” and “advice” to India about its stance on Russia in the Ukraine conflict, including India’s refusal to vote against Russia at the United Nations as well as India’s discussion with Russia to set up a payment mechanism that would bypass sanctions imposed by the West. Visits by Western diplomats to India did not help to alter the Indian government’s actions.

        India, under the government of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has been firmly in the U.S. camp, taking part in reviving the Quad and signing three foundational defense agreements with the United States. These moves suggest that India strongly agreed with the United States’ focus on the containment of China. Has India then shifted from this alignment with the United States based on its dealings with Russia? Is nonalignment back on the table? The answer to this question is far more complicated than it would appear on the surface.

      • Counter PunchUkraine: the Antiwar Dilemma

        Here, for instance, are just a few notes I took recently while listening to NPR: A woman calls one of its talk shows, feeling guilty about celebrating her daughter’s birthday in style when Ukrainians are suffering so horribly. A panel on a different NPR show discusses why Americans feel so involved and its members consider all-too-uncomfortably the rationale that the Ukrainians “look like us.” The show’s host does note that they don’t actually look like all of us, but no one suggests that decrying atrocities is easier when they’re committed by another country, especially one we never much liked to begin with.

        Need more? Scott Simon, a popular NPR host, concludes an opinion piece about a 91-year-old Jewish woman who survived the Holocaust and died during the siege of Mariupol this way: “Whether in Bosnia, Rwanda, Xinjiang, Bucha, Kharkiv, or Mariupol, ‘Never Again’ seems to happen again and again.” Note the absence from that list of Afghanistan, Iraq, or Yemen.

      • Common DreamsPeace Advocates Sound Warnings as Progressive Lawmakers Go All-In for $40 Billion Ukraine War Package

        The U.S. Senate on Thursday overwhelmingly voted to approve $40 billion in emergency military and humanitarian aid for Ukraine amid both Russia’s ongoing invasion and warnings from peace advocates that prolonging the war makes the world a more dangerous, not safer, place.

        “This war must be settled at the negotiating table, not on the battlefield!”

      • Common DreamsWar, Disasters Drive ‘All-Time High’ of Nearly 60 Million Displaced in Home Nations

        Conflict, violence, and disasters last year displaced nearly 60 million people within their own countries—an “unprecedented” number that underscores the need for sizeable investments in peacebuilding and development, according to a report released Thursday.

        “We need a titanic shift in thinking from world leaders on how to prevent and resolve conflicts to end this soaring human suffering.”

      • Counter PunchOnslaught of the Oily Authoritarians

        The party remains stalled largely because it’s tightly limited in how far most of its members will go in challenging the economic power structure. That has led some on the left to ask a bleak question: If neither major party is responding productively to the climate or justice emergencies, let alone challenging the corporate drive for profit that underlies those ills and many others—why should we even care if either party seizes and maintains control of the federal government for the foreseeable future?

        I recently reached out to a couple of people whose views I greatly value to ask how they would respond to that question. Dina Gilio-Whitaker (Colville Confederated Tribes), a lecturer of American Indian Studies at Cal State San Marcos and author of As Long as Grass Grows (2019), replied in part, “I would agree that the corporate Democrats are beholden to their corporate overlord donors . . . But I do think that [the Democrats overall] are more reasonable in many ways, and responsive to marginalized, racialized others. With the continued growth in leadership of Indigenous, Black, and Latino populations, there is a possibility for paradigm shift, especially if we can build real coalitions with each other.”

      • Counter PunchBiden’s Empty Quiver

        Despite our noble values, for decades American foreign policy has viewed the rest of the world as pawns on a chessboard–overthrown governments, manipulated elections to gain political allies, conducted “peacekeeping” operations, and occupied foreign territory. Our role in arranging the chess pieces in Eastern Europe is a tragic example.

        In 2014, the Obama-Biden administration, especially Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs Victoria “Screw the EU” Nuland, helped overthrow Ukraine’s democratically elected government and installed an anti-Russian government feeding into Ukraine’s situation today.  Despite the Obama-Biden administration’s reckless desire to pour gasoline on the flames by directly arming Ukraine – an idea which was quickly rebuffed by European allies – cooler heads prevailed.

      • Counter PunchThe British Art of Black Propaganda

        In its efforts to try to win US support for its cause against Hitler in World War II, the train of British propaganda again operated with a concerted effect, demonising isolationists and denigrating supporters and members of the America First Committee.  The great hope there was that Britain would fight the Germans to the last American.  It led to one of the largest covert operations in UK history conducted under the auspices of an agency known as “British Security Coordination”.  During the course of its operations, BSC subject matter entered the American political bloodstream, aided by the injecting activities of Walter Winchell, Drew Pearson, a radio station (WRUL) and the Overseas News Agency (ONA).

        During the Cold War, the black propagandists were again in high demand.  In 2021, the Observer revealed that the Information Research Department (IRD) had done its bit to egg on the massacres of communists and sympathisers in Indonesia in 1965.  Pamphlets supposedly authored by seething Indonesian patriots but cooked up by the dark musings of the IRD, called for the elimination of the Indonesian communist party, the PKI.  The deaths that followed numbered in the hundreds of thousands.

      • Counter PunchFor Biden’s Summit of the Americas, Obama’s Handshake With Raúl Castro Shows the Way

        This is the first time since its inaugural gathering in 1994 that the event, which is held every three years, will take place on U.S. soil. But rather than bringing the Western Hemisphere together, the Biden administration seems intent on pulling it apart by threatening to exclude three nations that are certainly part of the Americas.

        For months, the Biden administration has been hinting that these governments would be excluded. So far, they have not been invited to any of the preparatory meetings and the Summit itself is now less than a month away. While former White House press secretary Jen Psaki and State Department spokesman Ned Price have repeated that “no decisions” have been made, Assistant Secretary of State Brian Nichols said in an interview on Colombian TV that countries that “do not respect democracy are not going to receive invitations.”

    • Environment

      • Counter PunchMust Environmental Leaders Conform? Or Dare We Actually Lead?

        The rationale was that it had been so long since Montana experienced Wilderness legislation prominence, that we could erupt the impasse, and foster good societal will in the process.  And then, there was the lure of vast monies rewarded. Heck, we could fund attractive offices, offer much-deserved, professional-level salaries and benefits to our staff, and help move the Montana environmental community into greater respectability. All by taking the grants, and the flattery, prolifically offered by corporate donors and sometimes their governmental partners.

        We did not deliberate upon the ethics of remuneration, or the science of ecosystems. We were hooked.

      • Wildlife/Nature

        • Counter PunchExperimenting on Monkeys is Cruel…Keeping Them is a Threat to Public Health

          I spent my first few weeks learning how to move around in Borneo’s tropical rainforest trying to keep up with the orangutans, who are big, brilliant and brightly colored apes. They are truly breathtaking, and it’s hard to take your eyes off them. Nevertheless, my attention often wandered to another of the reserve’s primates—the troop of long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis). These slender monkeys with variegated green fur and striking facial hair were bounding on all fours through the trees with their long, slim tails acting as a counterbalance.

          Macaques are seed dispersers, making them a keystone species in the environment; remove them from the forest and you risk a cascade of ecological consequences. I could reliably find them within a half-mile of the river’s edge, where they spent their days foraging, grooming, swimming and sleeping. They also routinely wandered into our camp, easily navigating the “edges” that we had opened in the forest. The adults were fiercely protective of the infants and juveniles. Each evening before dark, the troop gathered at a large sleeping tree by the edge of the river. When everyone was accounted for in this troop of 30 highly social and intelligent macaques, the members would huddle together for warmth, safety and companionship. The months I spent in Borneo collecting observational data on the macaques would eventually lead me into an academic and research career during which I focused on the ways infectious diseases move between human and macaque populations and the consequences that this has for primate conservation and public health.

    • Finance

      • Capital One tells me to get a letter from the Buick dealership for my Batteries Plus dispute and then says it doesn’t count.

        Capital One told me to get a letter from the Buick dealership for my Batteries Plus Bulbs dispute and then says it doesn’t count.

        I got a letter from Anthony Buick GMC in Gurnee, Illinois today detailing what they had to do to my Buick and why, and then “Crapital One” said it doesn’t count because they didn’t know how to read what it plainly says.

        I ended up on the phone with Crapital One for another hour before giving up.

        They just don’t want to help their customers with the dispute resolution process.

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • Common DreamsJudy Blume, Mo Willems Among 1,300 Children’s Authors to Condemn ‘Wave of Book Suppression’

        More than a thousand children’s literature authors on Thursday urged Congress, state lawmakers, and school boards around the U.S. to protect students’ right to read and learn by fighting back against the right-wing book-banning frenzy that has stripped hundreds of titles from library shelves nationwide.

        “We, the undersigned, authors and illustrators of books for children and teens, condemn the efforts by organized groups to purge books from our nation’s schools,” states a letter, which was drafted by Christina Soontornvat and signed by 1,300 writers and artists from multiple generations and genres.

    • Freedom of Information / Freedom of the Press

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • ScheerpostNo More Bystanders in the Post-Roe Era

        For 50 years now, people have told desperate, heart-breaking stories about what it was like to search for an abortion in the days before Roe v. Wade. These were invariably narratives of women in crisis. They sometimes involved brief discussions about economic inequality, police-state intrigue, and unwanted children, but for the most part men were invisible in them, missing in action. Where were they? And where are they now that a wall of fundamental rights seems to be crumbling away not just for women, but for all of us? This is another example of what I used to call the Bystander Boys.

      • TruthOutWarren Calls Out Tech Firms for Selling Abortion Clinic Patients’ Location Data
      • Counter PunchSuppressing Insane Ideas Doesn’t Stop Insane Conduct

        The pat, and at least partially correct, answer, is that Gendron subscribes to something called the “Great Replacement” theory.  That’s mostly what we hear about in mainstream media descriptions of his 180-page “manifesto”: He’s a “right-wing” racist who believes that political elites are conspiring to replace him and his fellow “white” Americans with people of color.

        What most mainstream publications don’t do is link directly to the manifesto itself so that members of the public can easily access it, read it, and form our own opinions on its contents. They’re telling us what they want us to know about it in the hope that we’ll think what they want us to think about it.

      • CNBCWhy Tesla was kicked out of the S&P 500′s ESG index

        It said that Tesla’s “lack of a low-carbon strategy” and “codes of business conduct,” along with racism and poor working conditions reported at Tesla’s factory in Fremont, California, affected the score.

      • Common DreamsOpinion | Where Are the Goddamn Men?

        For 50 years now, people have told desperate, heart-breaking stories about what it was like to search for an abortion in the days before Roe v. Wade. These were invariably narratives of women in crisis. They sometimes involved brief discussions about economic inequality, police-state intrigue, and unwanted children, but for the most part men were invisible in them, missing in action. Where were they? And where are they now that a wall of fundamental rights seems to be crumbling away not just for women, but for all of us? This is another example of what I used to call the Bystander Boys.

      • Common DreamsOklahoma Lawmakers Pass Strictest US Abortion Ban While Roe Still Stands

        After a Thursday vote by Oklahoma legislators, the state is poised to enact the country’s most restrictive abortion ban, which now just awaits an anticipated signature from Republican Gov. Kevin Stitt—a development widely denounced by defenders of reproductive freedom.

        Abortion is currently only legal in Oklahoma until about six weeks of pregnancy. The Legislature’s passage of House Bill 4327 comes as the nation prepares for the U.S. Supreme Court to overturn Roe v. Wade and follows Stitt recently signing two other anti-choice bills.

      • The NationThe Island

        Desperation, decay, and violence are far from exceptional for Rikers. The island—which hosts eight of New York City’s jails and the nearly 6,000 people caged in them—has become synonymous with ruinously brutal carceral practices and inhumane facilities. But by the summer of last year, the chaos and disorganization of the Covid-19 pandemic had degraded living conditions considerably for the island’s prisoners. A delegation of state elected officials, visiting the complex to document the crisis in September 2021, witnessed prisoners in desperate conditions: floors strewn with garbage and human waste, vermin infestations, sick prisoners abandoned without access to medical care, an attempted suicide. A mass sick-out policy—wherein thousands of guards simultaneously coordinated taking medical leave—had badly intensified the situation: New York City’s phenomenally well-resourced jails, where correction officers significantly outnumber prisoners, appeared to be badly understaffed. By year’s end, 16 people had died in the custody of the city’s Department of Correction (DOC), some from medical neglect, some from suicide, all while the city’s jail population crept up to pre-pandemic levels and vaccination rates among prisoners remained alarmingly low.1

      • The NationAnti-War Activists Are Facing a Moral Dilemma

        I’ve been watching this country at war for many years now and, after 9/11, began spending time with American veterans who came to disdain and actively oppose the very conflicts they were sent to fight. The paths they followed to get there and the courage it took to turn their backs on all they had once embraced intrigued and impressed me, so I wrote a book about them. While doing so, I was often struck by a strange reality in that era of American war-making: In a land where there was no longer a draft, most Americans were paying remarkably little attention to our ongoing wars thousands of miles away. I find it even stranger today—and please note that this takes nothing away from the misery of the Ukrainian people or the ruthlessness of Vladimir Putin’s invasion—that the public seems vastly more engaged in a war its country is not officially fighting than in the ones we did fight so brutally and unsuccessfully over the past two decades.

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