Links 24/11/2022: Redox OS 0.8.0, Mozilla Turns Privacy Into Product

Posted in News Roundup at 8:48 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • CoryDoctorowPluralistic: 13 Nov 2022 The Framework is the most exciting laptop I’ve ever broken

        From the moment I started using computers, I wanted to help other people use them. I was everyone’s tech support for years, which prepared me for the decade or so when I was a CIO-for-hire. In the early days of the internet, I spent endless hours helping my BBS friends find their way onto the net.

        Helping other people use technology requires humility: you have to want to help them realize their goals, which may be totally unlike your own. You have to listen carefully and take care not to make assumptions about how they “should” use tech. You may be a tech expert, but they are experts on themselves.

        This is a balancing act, because it’s possible to be too deferential to someone else’s needs. As much as other people know about how they want technology to work, if you’re their guide, you have to help them understand how technology will fail.

    • Server

      • TechTargetHow does Kubernetes use etcd?

        Etcd is a lightweight, highly available key-value store accessible to each node in a Kubernetes cluster. Find out how etcd works and learn how to use it inside Kubernetes.

      • TechTargetExplore network plugins for Kubernetes: CNI explained

        With Container Network Interface plugins, IT teams can create and deploy network options for diverse Kubernetes environments. Learn how CNI works and compare top network plugins.

      • TechTargetServer-side WebAssembly prepares for takeoff in 2023

        WebAssembly (Wasm) has been expanding its reach since it began in 2017 as a language for running applications inside web browsers. It began to move beyond the browser in 2019, when Mozilla introduced an open source project called the WebAssembly System Interface (WASI) that provided a framework for WebAssembly apps to access operating system resources. This set the stage for content delivery networks (CDNs) to use WebAssembly to deploy customers’ apps without giving them access to the underlying CDN infrastructure.

      • Computing UKSoftware definition is the next supercomputing step for the Met Office [Ed: Microsoft is trying to 'steal' Linux business by bribing and cheating, as usual. Microsoft does not enhance security in Linux but rather adds back doors.]

        Think of a supercomputer – in greatly simplified terms – as a “great big Linux box”. Partitioning in Linux is “tricky,” said Ewen, and therefore it’s difficult to combine approaches that both meet the needs of the scientific community, and are highly trusted.

      • MedevelOpenSearch: Self-hosted Open-source Headless Search Engine

        OpenSearch is a free self-hosted headless (RESTful) Search engine that you can setup and use privately in your server.

        It is a distributed search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene. After adding your data to OpenSearch, you can perform full-text searches on it with all the features you might expect: search by field, search multiple indices, boost fields, rank results by score, sort results by field, and aggregate results.

        It is a community-driven project which started as a fork of Elasticsearch and Kibana (The Data visualization tool), after their license changed.

      • MedevelTiefVision Is a Deep-Learning Image Search Engine

        TiefVision is implemented in Torch and Play Framework (Scala version). It currently only supports Linux with CUDA-enabled GPU.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • Make Use OfAsahi Linux Issues “Progress Report”, Improves Apple Silicon Support

        The distro has added USB 3.0 support, but speaker support will have to wait. Livestreaming of its coding is a surprise hit on YouTube.

        The Asahi Linux project, a distribution aiming to make a Linux desktop available for Apple Silicon-based Macs, has issued a November 2022 “progress report.”

    • Applications

      • MedevelFreeTTS: Cross-platform Text-To-Speech App

        FreeTTS is a speech synthesis system written entirely in the JavaTM programming language. It is based upon Flite: a small run-time speech synthesis engine developed at Carnegie Mellon University. Flite is derived from the Festival Speech Synthesis System from the University of Edinburgh and the FestVox project from Carnegie Mellon University.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • Make Tech EasierHow to Host a Website in Ubuntu Using Tor – Make Tech Easier

        The Tor network is a revolutionary piece of software. With a single program, it is now possible to browse and view the Web anonymously. This makes Tor an essential tool for users who want to preserve their privacy when browsing a website. It is also possible to use Tor for hosting a local web server online to make it incredibly helpful for privacy-conscious users who want to share information publicly without revealing themselves.

      • Make Use OfHow to Set Up Your Fingerprint Scanner With PAM on Linux

        If you’ve got a fingerprint scanner on your Linux device, you can easily set up fingerprint-based authentication for added security.

        The fingerprint is one of the most common entries for authorization. The use of biometric data for authorization confirms the physical existence of individuals by using an element that is relatively inseparable from them.

        In addition, biometric data provides security to the person by using data specific to almost every individual. Leaving aside the legal usage limits of biometric data, these features highlight the use of fingerprints over other second-factor tools.

        Here’s how you can set up your fingerprint scanner on Linux using PAM (Pluggable Authentication Modules).

      • ID RootHow To Install Jupyter Notebook on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Jupyter Notebook on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Jupyter notebook is an open-source and cross-platform application to share code, text, or visual effects with users. The tool can be used with several languages, including Python, Julia, R, Haskell, and Ruby. Its aim is to develop open-source software, open standards, and services for interactive computing across multiple programming languages.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Jupyter Notebook on Ubuntu 22.04 (Jammy Jellyfish). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

      • Linux Made SimpleHow to install Super Heroes Marvel y DC on a Chromebook

        Today we are looking at how to install Super Heroes Marvel y DC on a Chromebook.

        If you have any questions, please contact us via a Rumble comment and we would be happy to assist you!

        This tutorial will only work on Chromebooks with an Intel or AMD CPU (with Linux Apps Support) and not those with an ARM64 architecture CPU.

      • Barry KaulerFix top-level /.config and /.local at startup

        In EasyOS 4.5.1 (and earlier), after bootup you will see top-level folders /.config and /.local, with folders and files inside them. This should not be happening; they should be created under /root

        There is a misconfiguration somehow, HOME=’/’ when enter /etc/rc.d/rc.sysinit, whereas it should be HOME=’/root’

      • OSTechNixFix NTFS Partition Is In An Unsafe State Error In Linux – OSTechNix

        The other day I booted a Windows 10 system with Ubuntu live cd. When I tried to mount a Windows partition from the Linux live cd environment, the windows partition refused to mount in read/write mode and displayed this error – NTFS partition is in an unsafe state.

      • Make Use OfHow to Watch YouTube Videos in the Linux Terminal With ytfzf

        You don’t have to leave the comfort of your Linux terminal to watch YouTube videos. ytfzf makes it easier to search YouTube from the command line.

        It’s no secret that Linux keyboard warriors spend their lives in the terminal, only surfacing to load a browser and watch their favorite Taylor Swift music video on YouTube.

        With ytfzf, you can search YouTube videos from your terminal and stream them using a lightweight media player. You’d never need to open a browser to watch YouTube on Linux again!

      • FOSSLifeIntroduction to Linux Log Management

        In addition to failures, logs contain warnings, which can alert you about a system that, although it can appear to be working correctly, might have subtle issues or poor performance. (Remember, you want high-performance computing, not meh-performance computing.) Logs contain information about successful logins, failed logins, and any root access or use of sudo, which allows you to look for anything unexpected or abnormal.

        Beyond errors and warnings, looking for abnormal behavior is a primary goal of examining logs. Although written in 1989, The Cuckoo’s Egg by Clifford Stoll offers a glimpse of how abnormal behavior or “gaps” in logs can lead to the discovery of compromised systems. The book is not necessarily a warning for high-performance computing (HPC) administrators, but rather a reinforcement of good administrative behavior.

      • Getting started with Linkerd

        If you’ve done anything in the Kubernetes space in recent years, you’ve most likely come across the words “Service Mesh”. It’s backed by a set of mature technologies that provides cross-cutting networking, security, infrastructure capabilities to be used by workloads running in Kubernetes in a manner that is transparent to the actual workload. This abstraction enables application developers to not worry about building in otherwise sophisticated capabilities for networking, routing, circuit-breaking and security, and simply rely on the services offered by the service mesh.

        In this post, I’ll be covering Linkerd, which is an alternative to Istio. It has gone through a significant re-write when it transitioned from the JVM to a Go-based Control Plane and a Rust-based Data Plane a few years back and is now a part of the CNCF and is backed by Buoyant. It has proven itself widely for use in production workloads and has a healthy community and release cadence.

      • Secret command Google doesn’t want you to know — mina86.com

        If you’ve travelled abroad you might have noticed Google tries to be helpful and uses language of the region you’re in on its websites. It doesn’t matter that your operating system is in, say, Spanish; Google Search will still use Portuguese if you happen to be in Brazil.

    • Games

      • Godot EngineGodot Engine – Dev snapshot: Godot 4.0 beta 6

        Godot 4.0 has been in beta for a little over two months, and the overall feature completeness, stability and usability have improved a lot during that time.

        We’ve had beta snapshots every other week, and now we’ve decided to accelerate the cadence to release a new snapshot every week, to get even faster feedback on our bugfixes, and the potential regressions they may introduce.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • Nate GrahamA better fundraising platform – Adventures in Linux and KDE

          Currently our small-donor donation page is https://kde.org/community/donations, which lets you make a single one-time donation. To make a recurring donation, you have to visit https://relate.kde.org, which is less user-friendly, and it’s always struck me as odd to have these split up in two locations.

          Well, KDE is getting a much better donation system powered by Donorbox, which I hope will turbocharge our fundraising! It’s very user-friendly and allows you to easily make recurring donations, which is important. We already set this up for the Kdenlive fundraiser, and it was a smash hit, raising 100% of the funds in the first month of the 3-month campaign. That fundraiser has since moved into stretch goals!

          We’ve now done it again, rolling out a Donorbox-powered donation UI on https://kde.org/bluefriday, our tongue-in-cheek anti-black-friday fundraiser, which will become a general end-of-year campaign. This work was done by members of KDE’s promo team and fundraising working group, principally Lays Rodrigues, Carl Schwan, and Paul Brown. And so far the response has been huge! The fundraiser opened yesterday, and at the time of publication, it’s already collected 530€ from 28 generous donors! And after the new year, the current plan is to continue to use the Donorbox-powered UI for all small donations.

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

  • Distributions and Operating Systems

    • New Releases

      • Linux MagazineAlpine Linux 3.17 Now Available to the General Public

        The developers of Alpine Linux have officially announced the release of the latest version of the security-focused Linux distribution.

        The first Alpine Linux release in the 3.17 stable series is now available for download and finally adds Rust on all supported platforms. The distribution ships with either GNOME 43 or KDE Plasma 5.26 and enjoys all of the new features and fixes found in both of those desktop environments.

        As for what’s new in Alpine Linux itself, the list includes Bash 5.2, GCC 12, Kea 2.2, OpenSSL 3.0, Perl 5.36, PostgreSQL 15, Node.js 18.12, Ceph 17.2, Go 1.19, Rust 1.64, and .NET 7.0.100. OpenSSL also is available with the openssl1.1-compat package.

        It should be noted that PHP 8.0 has been officially deprecated and ISC Kea was moved to the main repository for long time support, whereas ISC dhcp was moved to the community repository. With this move, users are now encouraged to make the switch from dhcpd to Kea.

        You can read more about Alpine Linux 3.17 in the official release notes and download an ISO for installation from the download page for the following architectures: 64-bit (x86_64), AArch64 (ARM64), ARMv7, 32-bit (x86), PowerPC 64-bit Little Endian (ppc64le), and IBM System z (s390x).

      • Redox OS 0.8.0 – Redox – Your Next(Gen) OS

        We have a lot to show since the 0.7.0 release! This release, care has been taken to ensure real hardware is working, i686 support has been added, features like audio and preliminary multi-display support have been enabled, and the boot and install infrastructure has been simplified and made more robust. I highly recommend skimming through the changes listed below before jumping into the images, if you want more details. It is also recommended to read through the Redox OS book if you want more information on how to build and use Redox OS.

        For this release, I would like to personally thank Ron Williams, who goes by rw_van in the Redox OS chat and GitLab. Ron has provided many valuable contributions for this release, including vast updates to the book, support for building with podman, improvements to the build infrastructure, performing hardware testing, and more. I would also like to thank our Redox OS Summer of Code (RSoC) students, whose work was detailed in prior news posts and much of this work is included in this release. Finally, I would like to thank the donors to Redox OS, for it is their contributions that keep our RSoC program and our infrastructure running. Please consider donating to Redox OS using the links on the Donate page!

        In addition to the exciting technical changes, there is also organizational news to share. Redox OS received a donation of $400,000 (USD). This donation was anonymous, and the way in which it was made anonymous has made it not possible to use at this time. Presently, I am working with a legal team on determining specifically how the OFAC sanctions on Tornado Cash apply to this donation, which was made through Tornado Cash. At present, as I am a US citizen, I have blocked the transfer of this donation in order to comply with potential OFAC sanctions. In the event that I am allowed to use this donation, I will describe in another news post what it means for Redox OS.

    • Fedora Family / IBM

      • LinuxiacFirst Look at the Upcoming Fedora Web-Based Installer

        Fedora announced the first public preview of the new web-based Anaconda Installer, significantly simplifying the installation process.

        Anaconda is a free and open-source system installer for Linux distributions mainly used by Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Fedora, CentOS, and RHEL-based derivatives such as AlmaLinux, Rocky Linux, Oracle Linux, and others.

      • CentOSCentOS Community Newsletter, November 2022 – Blog.CentOS.org

        CentOS Connect has been announced as a FOSDEM Fringe event. This free event takes place in Brussels on February 3, 2023, the day before FOSDEM. If you’re attending FOSDEM, join us at CentOS Connect to learn about CentOS and connect with the people who work on it.

    • Mobile Systems/Mobile Applications

  • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

    • Web Browsers/Web Servers

      • Mozilla

        • EngadgetMozilla bundles its VPN and email relay services for $7 per month [Ed: Mozilla is not a privacy company]

          Mozilla’s privacy services might be more compelling if you were previously on the fence. The company now offers its virtual private network (VPN) and Firefox Relay Premium together in a $7 per month bundle when you pay for an annual subscription. Given that the VPN normally costs $5 per month (on a similar yearly basis) by itself, this may be a solid choice if you want more than the fundamentals.

          The VPN secures traffic for up to five devices, with servers in over 30 countries, no logging and perks like “multi-hop” access that uses more than one server to further protect your connection. However, Firefox Relay may be more intriguing. You get both email aliases to hide your real accounts as well as phone number masking to prevent your digits reaching spammers and hackers. You might not worry so much that signing up for a service will eventually lead to a privacy breach.

        • MozillaNew phone? Give yourself the gift of privacy with these 5 tips

          So you’ve unboxed a shiny new phone, peeled the sticker off the screen and transferred your data. If you’re reading this, you’ve made the smart decision to take another important step: Setting up your device for privacy and security.

    • SaaS/Back End/Databases

      • PostgreSQLPostgreSQL: PostgreSQL JDBC 42.5.1, 42.4.3, 42.3.8, 42.2.27.jre7 Security update for CVE-2022-41946

        The PostgreSQL JDBC team have released 42.5.1, 42.4.3, 42.3.8, 42.2.27.jre7 to address a security issue: CVE-2022-41946. (Note there is no fix for 42.2.26.jre6 see the advisory for workarounds) This is only an issue if you are using PreparedStatement.setText() or PreparedStatement.setBytea() where the String or bytea argument is larger than 51200 bytes. At which point the driver will buffer to disk. To do this it creates a temporary file which in previous versions could be read by other users on the client system. Note this only effects unix like systems. See the security advisory for the details.

    • FSF

    • Programming/Development

      • Trail Of BitsWe’re streamers now | Trail of Bits Blog

        We’ll share detailed technical presentations on fuzzing smart contracts, and guide attendees to write invariants for them in our first six workshops. Engineers will go over fuzzer setup, how to identify invariants—from simple to complex—and how to translate these invariants into code.

      • How to make a scatterplot in R | R (for ecology)

        Now that you’ve learned the very basics of plotting from our earlier tutorial on making your very first plot in R, this blog post will teach you how to customize your scatterplots to make them look better. If you want to take this even a step further, check out my step-by-step tutorial introduction to publication-quality scatterplots.

      • Python

      • Rust

        • SDTimesRust’s addition to the Linux kernel seen as “enormous vote of confidence” in the language – SD Times

          The release candidate for the latest version of the Linux kernel was announced last month, and one of the highlights in the release notes for Linux 6.1 is the inclusion of the initial infrastructure for adding Rust as a language.

          Rust has been growing steadily in popularity through the years, and though according to the 2022 Stack Overflow Developer Survey 9 percent of developers use it, it has spent seven years in the top spot for “most loved” language. In this year’s survey almost 87% of developers said they love Rust, which is about 10 percentage points higher than the second-most loved language, Elixir.

  • Leftovers

    • TediumStove Top History: How Instant Stuffing Came to Dominate Dinner

      If you’re reading this right now and you’re in the U.S., you’re probably thinking about two things: One, can we talk about something other than technology for five minutes? And two, what time is Thanksgiving dinner? The answer to the first is this newsletter, and the answer to the second is very much sometime Thursday. Helping to speed the process for millions of homes is a mix that comes in a box that has simplified one of the most complicated parts of Thanksgiving dinner—the stuffing. Today’s Tedium talks about Stove Top, which celebrates its 50th anniversary this year, and other stuff about stuffing innovation.

    • Linux Foundation

    • Security

      • LWNSecurity updates for Wednesday [LWN.net]

        Security updates have been issued by Debian (heimdal, libarchive, and nginx), Fedora (varnish-modules and xterm), Red Hat (firefox), Scientific Linux (firefox, hsqldb, and thunderbird), SUSE (Botan, colord, containerized-data-importer, ffmpeg-4, java-1_8_0-ibm, krb5, nginx, redis, strongswan, tomcat, and xtrabackup), and Ubuntu (apr-util, freerdp2, and sysstat).

      • QSB-087: Qrexec: Injection of unsanitized data into log output | Qubes OS

        We have just published Qubes Security Bulletin (QSB) 087: Qrexec: Injection of unsanitized data into log output. The text of this QSB is reproduced below. This QSB and its accompanying signatures will always be available in the Qubes Security Pack (qubes-secpack). More information about QSBs, including a complete historical list, is available here.

      • Computing UKHive ransomware actors have amassed $100m from 1,300 businesses: CIS [Ed: Microsoft Windows TCO]

        Hive’s ransomware affiliates have been seen attacking vulnerabilities in Microsoft Exchange Server and Fortinet VPNs

      • The RecordRansomware incidents now make up majority of British government’s crisis management ‘Cobra’ meetings – The Record by Recorded Future [Ed: Microsoft Windows TCO]

        Ransomware incidents in the United Kingdom are now so impactful that the majority of the British governments recent Cobra crisis management meetings have been convened in response to them rather than other emergencies.

      • SANSInfoSec Handlers Diary Blog – SANS Internet Storm Center

        In this diary, we are assuming PC-like devices with state-of-the-art disk encryption (full disk encryption, FDE) and a “normal” desktop OS (Linux, Windows, …).

      • Use After Free vulnerability in Linux Kernel allows Privilege Escalation. Patch your kernel

        Redhat has just just published a risk advisory about a vulnerability in the Linux Kernel that allows for local privilege escalation. This vulnerability is tracked as CVE-2022-3910 (CVSS score: 7.4). This vulnerability is referred to be a use-after-free problem, and it can be found in io uring on the Update of Reference Count. io uring is an interface for making system calls in Linux. It made its debut for the very first time in the mainline Linux Kernel version 5.1 in the year 2019. It gives an application the ability to start system calls that may be carried out in an asynchronous manner.

    • Environment

      • Michael West MediaControversial coal mine wins water licence, former pollie Joel Fitzgibbon joins the board – Michael West

        For a quarter of a century Joel Fitzgibbon was Labor’s man in the coal-mining electorate of Hunter. Now he’s the ‘‘ideal appointment’’ to the board of a company with a large stake in New Hope’s controversial New Acland coal mine. Callum Foote reports.

        It was the annual general meeting of coal investor Brickworks, in the highly un-industrial surroundings of The Establishment, a swanky bistro in George Street, Sydney.
        An AGM is a time for questions. But not every question was granted an answer.

        Former pro-coal Labor backbencher Joel Fitzgibbon refused to answer questions regarding his new role with coal investor Brickworks.

        And the man who hired him, billionaire Robert Millner, declined to comment on whether Fitzgibbon was involved in lobbying efforts for the New Acland coal mine.

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • AccessNowElon Musk Twitter takeover: digital safety tips and resources

        In the weeks since tech billionaire Elon Musk completed his acquisition of Twitter, we’ve seen plenty to worry about. Among Musk’s most troubling moves: cutting staff from its trust and security workforce. Activists around the world are nervous, and with good reason. If you choose to stay on Twitter, migrate to another platform, or maintain accounts on multiple platforms, it’s imperative you take steps to increase your digital safety.

        To help you do that, our Digital Security Helpline, a free 24/7 digital safety resource for civil society around the world, has prepared some basic guidelines. But remember: everyone has a unique security profile, and there are no one-size-fits-all solutions for increasing digital safety. If you’re a human rights defender, journalist, or activist, you may need emergency assistance or advice tailored to you and your specific circumstances. If that’s the case, contact us directly.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • [Older] They Crush Our Song for A Reason – The Chris Hedges Report

        August Wilson wrote 10 plays chronicling Black life in the 20th century. His favorite, Joe Turner’s Come and Gone, is set in 1911 in a boarding house in Pittsburgh’s Hill District. The play’s title comes from “Joe Turner’s Blues,” written in 1915 by W. C. Handy. That song refers to a man named Joe Turney, the brother of Peter Turney, who was the governor of Tennessee from 1893 to 1897. Joe Turney transported Black prisoners, chained in a coffle, along the roads from Memphis to the Tennessee State Penitentiary in Nashville. While en route, he handed over some of the convicts, for a commission, to white farmers. The prisoners he leased to the farmers worked for years in a system of convict leasing — slavery by another name.

        In Wilson’s play, Herald Loomis, a convict who worked on Turner’s farm, arrives in Pittsburgh after seven years of bondage with his 11-year-old daughter, Zonia, in search of his wife. He struggles to cope with his trauma. At a boarding house, he meets a conjurer named Bynum Walker, who tells him that, to face and overcome the demons that torment him, he must find his song.

        It is your song, your voice, your history, Walker tells him, which gives you your identity and your freedom. And your song, Walker tells him, is what the white ruling class seeks to eradicate.

    • Monopolies

      • CCIAWho is meant to be protected by antitrust law and policy? – Disruptive Competition Project

        The focus of contemporary competition policy debates is shifting back to the first principles, asking: “What are we trying to do? What is the objective of antitrust?” Enforcers and some legislators in the U.S. are suggesting a shift away from consumers to a completely different approach that focuses on exerting power over specific companies. This change of approach is also gaining traction in some U.S. states as several state Attorneys General have recently sued technology companies alleging violation of antitrust laws without considering the impact on consumers of the actual conduct or the proposed remedy. California Attorney General (AG) Rob Bonta recently filed a civil antitrust and unfair competition lawsuit claiming that Amazon’s pricing practices prevent retailers from offering lower prices than the ones they offer at Amazon’s store. The California case mirrors the suit that DC AG Karl Racine filed on behalf of the District of Columbia that also alleged that Amazon has too much control over how much outside vendors can charge for their products. However, the judgment issued by the DC Superior Court established not only that the DC AG’s office could not support its allegations against Amazon, but that the Amazon practices in question actually benefit consumers. These recent cases raise the important question: who is antitrust supposed to protect?

        For the last four decades, enforcers and courts have agreed that antitrust law and policy should protect consumer welfare, by promoting competition rather than competitors. Importantly, the consumer welfare standard in the 1970s was developed in response to the belief that previous U.S. antitrust policy had become too subjective and overly aggressive by focusing on the size of companies regardless of the effect on consumers. With enforcers and courts embracing the consumer welfare standard, it has served as the backbone of U.S. and global antitrust policy ever since, as also indicated by the International Competition Network (ICN) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). As a result, the purpose of antitrust law has been to ensure economic efficiency delivering lower prices, promoting innovation, and increasing benefits for consumers. For the last decades, the message has been clear – consumers are the ones to be protected by antitrust efforts. This approach has led to astounding levels of innovation, and it is not by coincidence that numerous digital and connected services have been able to provide consumers and businesses the tremendous benefits that they enjoy today.

        • Copyrights

          • Michael GeistFreedom of Expression is Not A Loophole: Responding to the Government’s Inaccurate Defence of Mandated Payments for Links in Bill C-18 – Michael Geist

            The Standing Committee on Canadian Heritage opened its clause-by-clause review of Bill C-18 on Friday with some extensive questions about the scope of coverage of the bill and the opportunity to vote on several amendments. The meeting finally provided the chance to ask department officials for their views on key questions, including whether the government believes that services such as Reddit and Twitter are caught by the law (the answer was yes they are digital news intermediaries, but may not be sufficiently dominant to be required to negotiate mandate payments). The most important moment in the hearing came toward the end, when Conservative MP Rachael Thomas moved an amendment to exclude links from the scope of the definition of news content. That approach would still ensure that news publishers are covered for uses of their work such as republication (which is precisely what most would envision) but safeguard the foundation of the free flow of information on the Internet.

            As I’ve argued elsewhere, the government’s current approach ascribes value to links where there isn’t any, regulates which platforms must pay in order to permit expression from their users, and dictates which sources are entitled to compensation. The committee did not have time to vote on the amendment, but Liberal MP Chris Bittle offered up the government’s perspective, which is that it will vote against the proposal, confirming that it intends to include links within the scope of the legislation. That confirmation is not surprising, but it is notable, since advocates of the bill have insisted – despite a plain reading of the bill – that it does not require payments for links. That argument seemingly rests on the claim that payments will involve compensation for all links, rather than individual ones, which is a distinction without a real difference.

  • Gemini* and Gopher

    • Personal

      • 🔤SpellBinding: ACEYLMH Wordo: TAKEN
      • People Are Actually Rational

        We’re all human (not you, search engine bot. Go away!), and humans are rational within their constraints. Initially I was going to title this post “Respect Legacy”, but it occurred to me that it applies equally to the present.

        Let me start with an anecdote. I had a very talented project manager at one point. We worked in a really big project within higher education, and by the time I joined the project was already a bunch of years old even though it wasn’t in production yet. Needless to say there was a lot of legacy code already. Since the project had gone through a few different phases and the technology landscape had changed radically during those years people would often stumbled over old code and ask why it had been written in that way to begin with.

    • Technical

      • Programming

        • I’m soliciting your advice

          I recently learned Rust. Or at least I’ve learned it roughly as well as a third grader knows how to write novels or do algebra. I’m very much a beginner, but I’ve completed Rustlings, read through most of the book, and even built a terminal application for interacting with the public REST API that my company maintains.

          But, like…what do I actually *do* with this knowledge now? What’s something useful I can do to improve it, beyond just doing a lot more exercises? What’s something useful I can do for myself and for the wider world? I’ve been wracking my brain trying to come up with something, and I just don’t know. For every problem I have as a user of computers, there are already tons of excellent solutions provided by the open source community, and I’m at a place where I’m really happy with everything I use on a daily basis. So I don’t have a personal need that would provide motivation right now.

        • First Release of the Gemroff Markup Language

          The second new program I’ve been working on for a while and finished this month, I’m announcing the release of the Gemroff markup language!

        • GObject Introspection

          When possible, I like to defer technical decisions for as long as possible. For example, if you’re using a standardized language & OS interfaces, you don’t need to pick an actual compiler/interpreter and OS until quite late.

          For example, say I pick Common Lisp and UNIX. The eventual platform will probably be sbcl and Linux, but it doesn’t have to be. Similarly, in CL CFFI is a pseudo-standard FFI that is portable to many compilers. But is there such a thing as an FFI that is portable to many languages?

* Gemini (Primer) links can be opened using Gemini software. It’s like the World Wide Web but a lot lighter.

Links 23/11/2022: Proton 7.0-5 and Cockpit 280

Posted in News Roundup at 10:58 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • Linux LinksLenovo ThinkPad T470 Ultrabook running Linux – Part 1

        This is a blog looking at a refurbished Lenovo ThinkPad T470 Ultrabook running Linux. Refurbished PCs offer a great solution to your computing requirements.

        The laptop was purchased from ITZOO, a UK retailer, listed at £129.99. Signing up to their mailing list gives an immediate 10% discount code. Applying that code, the machine was purchased for £116.99 with free delivery. We received the laptop the next working day. It was well packaged in a protective rigid plastic bubble and delivered by UPS. The laptop comes supplied with Windows 10 which was wiped immediately. An AC adaptor is included.

        We want to see how the laptop runs under Linux comparing and contrasting it with a few other refurbished machines. Before embarking on our Linux adventures, we’ll focus on the condition of this grade B laptop.

      • Djalel OukidTUXEDO OS 2 is in the incubator, and it’s being fed updates and improvements

        Not a month had passed since I wrote about the first version of the TUXEDO OS until the company announced the availability of the TUXEDO OS 2 preview version, which comes with several updates. So what are these updates? And what will we get in the final version?

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • Tux Digital40: Cliche November – Linux Out Loud – TuxDigital

        This week, Linux Out Loud chats about what Open Source Projects We are thankful for having.

        Welcome to episode 40 of Linux Out Loud. We fired up our mics, connected those headphones as we searched the community for themes to expound upon. We kept the banter friendly, the conversation somewhat on topic, and had fun doing it.

      • VideoKeepItTechie Reacts | Linux Distro Reviews Are Mostly Terrible – Invidious

        I mostly agree with your points @The Linux Cast , but I wanted to give my thoughts. I believe these types of reviews really help users that are new to Linux & the Community.

      • Tux DigitalUbuntu 22.10 Review from the Gurus of Kudu – Destination Linux – TuxDigital

        This week’s episode of Destination Linux, we’re going to discuss our experience with the latest Ubuntu 22.10. We distro hopped and we’re going to give you the good, bad, and not ugly . . . but rather, or hopes for the distro. Then we will be taking a look at Fedora 37 and all the treasures inside their latest release. Plus, we have our tips/tricks and software picks. All this and more coming up right now on Destination Linux to keep those penguins marching!

    • Kernel Space

      • AppleInsiderAsahi Linux for Apple Silicon has come a long way in a few months | AppleInsider

        Asahi, a project to bring Linux to the Apple Silicon Mac, has released a new progress report that details expanded USB and peripheral support.

        A project to port Linux to Apple Silicon Macs, the latest update to Asahi Linux has new hardware support, new features, and fixes for “longstanding pain points.” It also features a new bleeding-edge kernel branch with support for suspend and the display controller.

        The team reminds users to keep their Linux installations up to date. Early in the macOS Ventura betas, they found an issue that would make Linux unbootable after the upgrade.

        A package update fixed the bug earlier in 2022. However, they still see users recently upgrading to macOS Ventura, or even the latest 12.x macOS releases, and end up with unbootable Linux installations.

      • LiliputingLilbits: Linux on Apple Silicon, and a USB charger that looks like a tiny Macintosh – Liliputing

        The developers working to bring Linux to Apple’s most recent computers are making progress enabling support for the hardware on Macs with Apple M1 and M2 chips. Meanwhile a crowdfunding campaign is offering a chance to get your hands on a USB-C charger that cranks out enough power to charge a MacBook… and the charger itself is designed to look like a classic Macintosh computer.


        Developers working on this GNU/Linux distribution for Macs with Apple Silicon have made major progress in bringing support for USB3 speeds to the Thunderbolt ports on Apple’s recent Macs.

      • LWNStable kernel 4.19.286
        I'm announcing the release of the 4.19.266 kernel.
        All users of the 4.19 kernel series must upgrade.
        The updated 4.19.y git tree can be found at:
                git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux-stable.git linux-4.19.y
        and can be browsed at the normal kernel.org git web browser:
        greg k-h
    • Applications

      • 9to5LinuxProton 7.0-5 Adds Support for More Games to Play on Linux, Lots of Improvements

        Coming more than three months after Proton 7.0-4, the Proton 7.0-5 release is here to add support for even more Windows video games that you can now play on your favorite GNU/Linux distribution if you have the latest Proton version installed on your Steam for Linux client.

        Newly supported games include Airborne Kingdom, Aspire: Ina’s Tale, Battle Realms: Zen Edition, Bulletstorm: Full Clip Edition, Darkstar One, Deathsmiles II, Indiana Jones and the Emperor Tomb, Nancy Drew: Legend of the Crystal Skull, Unravel 2, Pico Park Classic Edition, Primal Carnage: Extinction, Rift, Re-Volt, and Six Ages: Ride Like the Wind.

      • How I got started with Vim: Dissociated Press

        Yesterday I made an offhand comment about the long story of how I got started with Vim, so I figured I’d follow up today with that. That story takes us all the way back to 1999.

        Fresh out of college, I landed a job with a startup e-commerce site called LinuxMall.com. Not quite by accident but certainly a lot of luck was involved, and some hubris. I was armed with a B.A. in English and Communications/Journalism, as well as a few years of undisciplined and unguided tinkering with Linux.

        I’d emailed LinuxMall.com about a possible job, and the founder (Mark Bolzern) was kind enough to roll the dice on me. My job description was ambiguous but involved marketing, writing, and assorted promotional activities.

        But part of the job was updating the LinuxMall.com web site.

      • Linux HandbookDocker Alternatives for Your Containerization Needs

        Docker has been the most popular tool for managing containers. It has become synonymous to containers.

        But Docker is not the only tool you can use for Linux container management. There are several other tools you can consider using instead of Docker.

        In this article, I am going to list such container tools.

        There are alternatives to each of the functionalities that Docker offers. They are, however, not a complete or exact Docker replacement.

      • 9to5LinuxOBS Studio 29.0 Promises Media Key Support on Linux, AMD/Intel AV1 Encoder Support

        OBS Studio 29.0 entered public beta testing earlier today and among the biggest new features users should expect from this upcoming release is support for media keys on Linux, support for the AMD AV1 Encoder for RDNA3 AMD GPUs, support for the Intel AV1 encoder for Intel Arc GPUs, support for the Intel HEVC encoder, a 3-band equalizer filter, as well as an upward compressor filter.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • BeebomHow to Install Deb Files on Ubuntu Linux (4 Methods)

        DEB files on Ubuntu are similar to EXE files on Windows and DMG files on macOS. It’s a software packaging format for Ubuntu (Debian) systems, and the installation of .deb files is simple. You can double-click on .deb files to install them right away. Apart from that, with just one Linux command, you can install Deb files through the Terminal. So in this guide, we have added four different methods to install Deb files on Ubuntu. With that said, let’s move on to the steps.

      • ID RootHow To Install Sensu Monitoring on Rocky Linux 9 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Sensu Monitoring on Rocky Linux 9. For those of you who didn’t know, Sensu is an open-source infrastructure and application monitoring system designed for both container and non-container monitoring and multi-cloud infrastructure. System monitoring provides observations and reports that help manage applications and servers in an infrastructure. It involves continuous analysis of the CPU, memory, bandwidth, application performance, switches, and other network components.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Sensu Monitoring on Rocky Linux. 9.

      • HowTo ForgeHow to Install Mastodon Social Network with Docker on Rocky Linux 9

        Mastodon is a free, decentralized, and open-source social network. It was created as an alternative to Twitter.

      • HowTo ForgeHow to Install PowerDNS and PowerAdmin on Rocky Linux

        PowerDNS is a free and open-source DNS Server software.

      • AddictiveTipsInstall audio editors like Audacity on a Chromebook

        Do you need to edit some audio files on your Google Chromebook? As it turns out, with the Chrome OS Linux container system, you can! This guide will show you how to install audio editors on Chrome OS.

      • Linux HintThe Sshd_Config File Complete Guide for Linux

        SSH or Secure Shell protocol is used for remotely logging into a machine and running commands on the remote machine. The data which is transferred using the SSH protocol is encrypted with special algorithms which makes SSH more secure than Telnet. Basically, OpenSSH is a tool that implements this protocol.

      • Linux CapableHow to Install Geany on Fedora 37/36/35

        Geany is a popular open-source text editor that can also be used as an IDE for programming languages such as Python. It is known for its simplicity and speed, making it a good choice if you need a fast and lightweight text editor. Geany also has enough features to meet most needs, making it a good all-purpose text editor worth checking out on your Fedora desktop. I highly recommend that users who have never heard of Geany check out the website screenshot setting before running the installation to get a feel of what the editor looks like compared to other, more commonly known options.

        The following tutorial will teach you how to install Geany on Fedora 37/36/35 Linux. The tutorial will use the command line terminal with complete steps using the standard DNF repository from Fedora and the Flatpak hub repository as an alternative.

      • Linux CapableHow to Install Kate on Fedora 37/36/35

        Kate is a free, open-source, multi-document, multi-view text editor developed by KDE. It has many useful features for programmers and other power users, including code folding, syntax highlighting, dynamic word wrap, an embedded console, an extensive plugin interface, and some preliminary scripting support. Kate is an excellent choice for developers and programmers who need a powerful text editor.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install Kate Text Editor on Fedora 37/36/35 Linux using the command line terminal with various installation options to install the text editor.

      • Linux CapableHow to Install Calibre on Fedora 37/36/35

        Calibre is a software suite that helps you manage your e-book collection. It offers a variety of features for organizing, displaying, and editing your e-books, converting e-books from one format to another, and syncing your e-books with various e-readers. Calibre is free and runs well on Fedora desktops, given that it is natively available to install from the default Fedora repository. Whether you’re a casual e-book reader or a serious collector, Calibre is an excellent tool for managing your e-book library and should be worth checking out.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install Calibre on Fedora 37/36/35 Linux workstation desktop using two different methods with DNF and Flatpak that come natively installed on most workstations.

      • Linux CapableHow to Install Monit on Fedora 37/36/35

        Monit is an open-source utility program that manages and monitors resources and services on Linux systems. Some services and resources managed by Monit are CPU usage, memory usage, server uptime, network connections, and server application services. It also ensures that all running services are always healthy by restarting services that stop or encounter operating errors such as system downtime, application crashes, or resource spikes. In addition, Monit can also be configured to send alerts to administrators when certain events occur, allowing administrators to take corrective action before problems escalate. As a result, Monit is an essential tool for keeping Linux systems running smoothly.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install Monit on Fedora 37/36/35 Linux using the version direct from Fedora’s repository and configure Monit to be accessible from your browser using the command line terminal.

      • Linux CapableHow to Install Foliate on Fedora 37/36/35

        If you’re an avid reader, you know how important it is to have a good e-reader app. With so many different options on the market, it can be hard to know which one is right for you. That’s why I recommend checking out Foliate, a free and open-source eBook reader perfect for Linux desktops such as Fedora and is supported in the official repository. Foliate has an easy-to-use library view with reflowable text and contains plenty of other features that book lovers will appreciate and supports formats such as EPUB, Kindle, Mobipocket, FictionBook, Comic book Archive, and plain text.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn to install the Foliate on Fedora 37/36/35 Linux using one of two methods: dnf package manager with Fedora’s repository, flatpak package manager, and some tips for maintaining or removing Foliate in the future.

      • UNIX CopLimit usable memory size in Linux

        Sometimes for one reason or another it is necessary to limit the size of usable memory on Linux. Although not very frequent, it can be useful in complex environments. Let’s start.

        Although it is not frequent to find ourselves in this situation, it is true that in complex environments where there are servers with many gigabytes or terabytes of memory, it can be useful to limit the resources they can use.

        In this case, the process is much simpler than it seems.

      • DebugPointHow to Install and Use GNOME Shell Extensions in Ubuntu and Other Linux

        Here’s how you can install and use GNOME Extensions in Ubuntu and other Linux distros.

        GNOME Shell Extensions are the code written by third-party developers for extending the GNOME desktop user experience. The extensions are similar to Firefox, and Chrome’s “Add-on”, which you may already be aware of.

        A huge library of shell extensions is available on the GNOME extension website. Installing those allows you to extend your desktop experience to any level using the GNOME extensions in Ubuntu and other GNOME-based desktops such as Fedora workstations.

        Now, there are two ways you can install the GNOME Extensions. An easy and modern way. And the old and difficult way.

      • It’s FOSSHow I Fixed Buzzing Noise Coming from Speakers in Linux

        I used a laptop for a long time but only recently switched to a desktop setup for my remote work at It’s FOSS.

        I noticed a constant buzzing sound coming from the speakers. It was annoying and gave me headaches. I started out to fix the issue. It was quite interesting to know the root cause of the issue.

        I will share my experience of fixing the buzzing noise from speakers in Linux. I found it working with Ubuntu, Debian and Pop OS on the same hardware.

        One thing to consider is that you may have a serious hardware issue if this guide does not work for you. For most users, the given solution should get the job done.

      • ID RootHow To Install Foliate on Fedora 37 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Foliate on Fedora 37. For those of you who didn’t know, Foliate is a free and open-source eBook reader and modern GTK eBook viewer. Foliate comes with numerous options and nifty tools that go beyond just reading ebooks. If you own an Amazon Kindle or some other eBook reader, you probably miss that kind of reading experience on the desktop.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Foliate eBook readers on a Fedora 37.

    • Games

  • Distributions and Operating Systems

    • New Releases

      • BlueOnyx 5211R ISO Image Released – BlueOnyx

        The first ISO image of BlueOnyx 5211R has been released

        We just published the first ISO image of our new BlueOnyx 5211R (AlmaLinux 9.1) to the download mirrors.

        The ISO provides the usual installation options that you might already know from previous BlueOnyx ISO installs. Just boot off the ISO and in the boot menu choose your form of installation and the rest of the procedure is entirely free of user input.

        After the reboot at the end of the installation login to your new BlueOnyx 5211R server with the login details shown on the screen. That will automatically launch you into /root/network_settings.sh to perform the initial network configuration.

        It may be that after configuring the network details for the very first time after installation the server still has no network connection due to the gateway settings not having been applied correctly by NetworkManager. If that’s the case: Simply reboot and after that it should be fine. We’ll look deeper into this issue and hope to have it fixed in the next release of the ISO.

    • PCLinuxOS/Mageia/Mandriva/OpenMandriva Family

      • PCLOS OfficialEqonomize 1.5.3 – PCLinuxOS

        Eqonomize! is a cross-platform personal accounting software, with focus on efficiency and ease of use for small households. Eqonomize! provides a complete solution, with bookkeeping by double entry and support for scheduled recurring transactions, security investments, and budgeting. It gives a clear overview of past and present transactions, and development of incomes and expenses, with descriptive tables and charts, as well as an approximation of future account values.

    • Fedora Family / IBM

      • LinuxiacOracle Linux 8.7 Is Here with Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel R7

        Oracle Linux 8.7 includes numerous updates for software developers and security and system tool improvements.

        Oracle Linux is a free, high-performance, secure operating system for application development and deployment. It is built from Red Hat Enterprise Linux sources and has 100% application binary compatibility with RHEL.

        Oracle Linux 8.7, released less than two weeks following RHEL 8.7, is now available for download and upgrading for users of previous versions of the 8.x series. So let’s look at what’s new.

      • Cockpit 280

        Cockpit is the modern Linux admin interface. We release regularly.

      • Red HatHow to deploy Next.js applications to Red Hat OpenShift | Red Hat Developer

        Next.js is a popular framework for deploying sites based on Node.js. You can read about many popular Node.js frameworks in part 6 of the Red Hat Developer series on the Node.js reference architecture.

        In this article, you’ll learn how to deploy Next.js applications using the ubi8/nodejs-16 and ubi8/nodejs-16-minimal containers available from Red Hat.

        If you are a Red Hat customer with support, then you’ll want to use the UBI or RHEL containers; this article was inspired in part because one of our customers asked us how to do that with Next.js. Even if you are not a customer yet, ubi8 containers are free to use and a great choice; we’ve seen their usage continue to grow.

        Once you’ve seen how to build a Next.js application on top of the UBI containers, we’ll show you how you can do the build and run on the Red Hat OpenShift Container Platform, which is a great way to deploy your applications in a hybrid cloud environment.

      • Enterprisers ProjectIT leadership: 5 ways to create a culture of gratitude | The Enterprisers Project

        Showing appreciation for your team falls under the category of low effort = big impact. Frequently expressing gratitude fuels a culture where people feel recognized, valued, and respected – and the best part is, anyone can do it. What matters is that recognition is personal, genuine, and specific to individuals’ contributions.

      • Enterprisers ProjectThe future of IT: decentralization and collaboration | The Enterprisers Project

        Last year, MIT researcher Joe Peppard penned a contentious Wall Street Journal op-ed suggesting that organizations eliminate their IT departments. He explains that the IT department started as a relatively autonomous entity, existing primarily to keep corporate systems functioning and networks secure.

        Today, Peppard posits, and I agree, that the digital-first landscape calls for a more pervasive, porous IT department – with tentacles throughout the org chart.

        That said, I disagree with Peppard’s notion that the centralized IT department is obsolete. The IT department shouldn’t be dismantled; it should evolve into a hybrid model – like cloud deployment models – that fits specific business needs.

      • Enterprisers ProjectDigital transformation: 5 ways to build technical talent

        Many organizations are determining how to strengthen their teams amid economic uncertainty and skills shortages. Building technical talent is key to helping teams withstand the challenges of undergoing digital transformation.

        Your approach can differentiate your organization and set it up for success. Whether you’re focusing inward or hiring, what matters is a well-defined strategy to help make informed decisions with a positive long-term impact.

      • Red Hat OfficialUnderstanding open source software supply chain risks

        How many people does it take to buy a pair of shoes? It’s kind of a trick question. In a literal sense, it takes you and the person you are interacting with (assuming you are in a physical store). But the spirit of the question is: How many people are involved in the process of buying a pair of shoes? There’s a salesperson, store manager, shipping and logistics companies, the manufacturer of the shoes, manufacturers of the tools and equipment, manufacturers of raw materials—the list goes on. Each separate entity is part of the supply chain.

        The phrase “supply chain” is appropriate because each of those suppliers can be thought of as a link in a chain. You can also start to understand how our global economy and livelihoods are complex and very interconnected. The shoe example can be an interesting thought experiment because virtually everyone is a supplier to someone else (When was the last time you seriously considered whether your aglet supplier was untrustworthy?).

      • Fedora ProjectFMN Replacement Blog – November – Fedora Community Blog

        It’s been two months since we announced the kick-off of the Fedora Messaging Notification (FMN) Replacement initiative. Here’s the update on our progress since then.

        We highlighted the reasons why we’re replacing the old (FMN) service in the kickoff email.

    • Debian Family

      • It’s FOSSTails 5.7 Releases With “Metadata Cleaner” Tool

        Tails is a portable operating system that protects against censorship and surveillance.

        It is one of the most popular privacy-focused Linux distributions preferred by journalists and activists who do not want their information exposed to malicious actors.

        With this update, it aims to become even more privacy-friendly and secure by offering many improvements.

    • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

      • DebugPointBoost Your Productivity with Folder Color App in Ubuntu

        Want to go beyond the default folder look, themes and emblems in Ubuntu? Try folder color.

        The popular folder color application now supports the modern GNOME 43 and its file manager, Files 43. The recent change brings the color options right inside the context menu of Files 43 with the GTK4 context menu.

        Colourizing your folders sometimes benefits when you work with a huge list of directories in Linux. This decade-old application makes it easy for you. In addition, it supports all the major distribution file managers.

        The application currently supports GNOME file manager – Files, Linux Mint’s file manager Nemo and Ubuntu MATE’s file manager Caja.

        Although GNOME already supports emblems in its latest iteration, those emblems can also be set using folder color’s new context menu.

      • Ubuntu NewsUbuntu Fridge | Extended call for Ubuntu Technical Board candidates

        We are still looking for candidates to join the Ubuntu Technical Board!

        The call remains open until November 27th, 2022, at 23:59 UTC. This is a bit longer than initially anticipated.

      • Ubuntu NewsUbuntu Fridge | Ubuntu Weekly Newsletter Issue 762

        Welcome to the Ubuntu Weekly Newsletter, Issue 762 for the week of November 13 – 19, 2022.

      • How to Install Kibana on Ubuntu

        If you are into Elastic Stack, Kibana can enhance your experience by allowing users to navigate through the search data visually.

      • François Marier: Name resolution errors in Ubuntu repositories while building a docker container
    • Devices/Embedded

      • It’s FOSSOrange Pi Maker Plans to Release an Arch-based Linux Distro Soon

        Orange Pi boards are one of the best alternatives to the Raspberry Pi, and the company behind them (Shenzhen Xunlong Software) is now working on an Arch-based Linux operating system tailored to its hardware.

        That sounds exciting; let’s see what they are planning!

    • Open Hardware/Modding

      • CNX SoftwareEsPiFF board combines ESP32 module with RP2040 MCU in the Raspberry Pi 4 form factor (Crowdfunding) – CNX Software

        The EsPiFF board may look like a Raspberry Pi 4 Linux SBC but it is equipped with an ESP32-WROVER WiFi and Bluetooth module together with a Raspberry Pi RP2040 microcontroller that acts as a co-processor.

        The goal here is to provide a Raspberry Pi 4 replacement for applications that require higher reliability and even 24/7 operation without necessarily needing the processing power and multimedia capabilities of the Broadcom BCM2711 Arm processor found in the Pi or the versatility of a Linux operating system.

      • Document FoundationSign the open letter about the universal right to install any software on any device – The Document Foundation Blog

        The ongoing digitization of infrastructures and services comes along with a continuously growing number of electronic devices that are connected to the Internet – be it in private, public or business environments. Many of these devices need more energy and natural resources to be produced than the energy they consume during their entire lifespan. And way too many of these devices are being wasted and not reparable simply because the software stops working or is not being updated anymore.

        Once the pre-installed software stops users from continuing to use their hardware, restrictive ownership models prevent users from helping themselves to enjoy longer use of their devices. Restrictions span from physically locking down hardware, to technical obscurity by using proprietary software, to legal restrictions via software licenses and end user license agreements. This way, manufacturers often prohibit repairability, access and reuse of their devices. Even after purchase, customers often do not really own their devices. They are not able to do what they want with their very own devices. If you cannot install the software you want on your own device – you don’t own it.

        We, the signees of this open letter,

      • FSFESign our open letter about the right to install any software on any device

        More than 100 civil society organisations across sectors have already signed our open letter about “The universal right to install any software on any device”. Now, in the European Week for Waste Reduction, we open up the letter to be signed by individuals. Join our cause and make your voice heard!

        The European Union is about to redefine its ecodesign criteria for products within several legislative proposals in the upcoming months. The European Commission has already published a proposal for the “Sustainable Products Initiative” as well as the “Directive on empowering consumers for the green transition”. Now it is time for the European Parliament and Council to start its reading and come to a conclusion. We have written an open letter to help them do things right and use the European Week for Waste Reduction (EWWR) to make our voice heard!

      • ArduinoBuild your own coffee roaster out of a hot air popcorn popper | Arduino Blog

        Green (unroasted) coffee beans cost about half as much as their roasted counterparts. By purchasing green coffee beans, you can save quite a bit of money in the long term. Roasting your own coffee beans also gives you much greater control over the flavor profile and caffeine content of your coffee (caffeine content is a debatable topic, but light roasts seem to have more caffeine due to overall density). But buying a coffee roasting machine can drain your savings, which is why you might want to follow Eric Sorensen’s lead and build your own coffee roaster.

        Roasting coffee beans is not a complex process. In theory, you could roast your wake-up beans in any old oven. But dedicated machines can roast the beans with more consistency to avoid burned or under-roasted individuals. Those machines are very similar to the air poppers used for popping popcorn. They contain a heating element and a motor that spins a fan and agitates the beans. But coffee bean roasting machines add precision temperature control, which increases their price dramatically. By adding your own temperature control to a cheap air popper, you can save a lot of money and still get great results.

      • CNX SoftwareAllwinner T3 automotive-grade processor powers industrial-grade SoM – CNX Software

        Allwinner T3 is a quad-core Cortex-A7 automotive-grade processor that supports a wide industrial temperature range of -40°C to +85°C. After comparing the specifications of Allwinner T3, I think it is the same as Allwinner A40i, as Allwinner has different business units and the T-series is for the automotive-grade market, while the A-series has historically been for the tablet market, but is now also used in the industrial-grade market.

        Tronlong SOM-TLT3 and SOM-TLT3-B are Allwinner T3 system-on-modules (SoM) of Allwinner T3. Both modules have basically the same specifications but the SOM-TLT3 comes with castellated holes for soldering to the carrier board, while the SOM-TLT3-B features board-to-board connectors.

    • Mobile Systems/Mobile Applications

  • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

    • Programming/Development

      • OpenSource.comSet up automated software testing with this open source platform | Opensource.com

        Automated testing is an important stage of development. It helps you ensure code quality, discover bugs before they ship, and guarantee that an application works the way it’s intended to work. Deployment of automated tests is rapidly becoming a top priority for companies all over the world.

        The latest release of the Cerberus Testing platform offers a series of new features and improvements to allow you to easily set up automated tests for your software engineering team.

      • OpenSource.comBuild an interactive timeline in React with this open source tool | Opensource.com

        For several years, I worked in the TV online and video-on-demand (VOD) industry. While working on a scheduler web application, I realized that there were no good solutions for electronic program guides (EPG) and scheduling. Admittedly, this is a niche feature for most web developers, but it’s a common requirement for TV applications. I’ve seen and analyzed a number of websites that have implemented their own EPG or timeline, and I often wondered why everyone seemed to be inventing their own solutions instead of working on a shared solution everyone could use. And that’s when I started developing Planby.

        Planby is a React (JavaScript) component to help you create schedules, timelines, and electronic program guides (EPG) for online TV and video-on-demand (VOD) services, music and sporting events, and more. Planby uses a custom virtual view, allowing you to operate on a lot of data, and present it to your viewers in a friendly and useful way.

        Planby has a simple API that you can integrate with third party UI libraries. The component theme is customised to the needs of the application design.

      • Red Hat Official2 practical ways to use the Python subprocess module | Enable Sysadmin

        Learn how to run Bash commands and scripts within your Python scripts using the subprocess module.

    • Standards/Consortia

      • Network-crashing leap seconds to be abandoned by 2035, for at least a century | Ars Technica

        There are not many things you can get Facebook, Google, the United States, France, and Linus Torvalds to agree on, but one of them has come to pass.

        A near-unanimous vote on Friday in Versailles, France, by parties to the International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM in its native French) on Resolution 4 means that starting in 2035, the leap second, the remarkably complicated way of aligning the Earth’s inconsistent rotation with atomic-precision timekeeping, will see its use discontinued. Coordinated Universal Time, or UTC, will run without them until 2135. It was unclear whether any leap seconds might occur before then, though it seems unlikely.

        The assumption is that within those 100 years, time-focused scientists (metrologists) will have found a way to synchronize time as measured by humans to time as experienced by our planet orbiting the Sun. But most people will not notice any difference at all, even as the time difference could reach up to one minute by the end of that 100 years.

  • Leftovers

    • RTLRTL Today – Tumultuous day: Manchester United owners consider sale as Ronaldo exits

      Manchester United’s owners said Tuesday they were ready to sell the club, potentially bringing down the curtain on an acrimonious 17 years under the Glazer family.

      On a tumultuous day for the English giants, it was earlier revealed that star player Cristiano Ronaldo has left the club with “immediate effect.”

      Weeks of turbulence appeared to have come to an end when United announced Ronaldo’s contract had been terminated by mutual agreement to bring to an end his second spell at Old Trafford.

      That dramatic announcement was eclipsed just hours later by the news the US-based Glazer family could also be on their way out.


      Protests against the Glazers have continued to be common on matchdays at Old Trafford despite huge spending on player transfer fees and wages, including on Ronaldo’s homecoming.

      In May, Premier League rivals Chelsea were sold for £2.5 billion ($3 billion), a record for a football club, to another American consortium led by Todd Boehly, with a further investment of £1.75 billion promised on the playing squad and infrastructure.

    • Jonathan Dowlandeventual consistency

      This has been an approach I’ve used for many things in my life for a long time. It has something in common with eat the elephant one mouthful at a time. I think there are some categories of problems that you can’t solve this way: perhaps because with this approach you are always stuck in a local minima/maxima. On the other hand I often feel that there’s no way I can address some problems at all without doing so in the smallest of steps.

    • Proprietary

      • Bleeping ComputerMicrosoft warns of Remote Desktop freezes on Windows 11 22H2

        Microsoft is investigating and working on fixing Remote Desktop issues on Windows 11 systems after installing the Windows 11 2022 Update.

        “After installing Windows 11, version 22H2 (also called Windows 11 2022 Update), the Windows Remote Desktop application might stop responding when connecting via a Remote Desktop gateway or Remote Desktop Connection Broker,” the company explained.

        “An example of this connection scenario is when connecting to a Remote Desktop Services collection. RemoteApp and Desktop Connections are ways in which this connection is accomplished.”

    • Finance

      • Helsinki TimesOne in three Finns cannot get by on their salary at the moment

        28 percent of Finns have not reduced their consumption in the fall due to the rise in prices.

        A third of Finns cannot get by on their salary. The everyday realities of the economy have changed this autumn. The trend is largely due to Russia’s war of conquest in Ukraine and the resulting energy crisis.

        The prevailing inflation is also reflected in salary increase requests. Between September and November alone, 17 percent of Finns have asked for a salary increase. Half of them did not get a raise. Before September, 15 percent of Finns asked their employer for a salary increase. Next year, 43 percent plan to ask for a salary increase. Only 28 percent of Finns have not reduced their spending this autumn due to the rise in prices. 42 percent of Finns have reduced their spending on money for food, clothes, interior decoration, electronics, hobbies, pastime, driving or services this autumn. The latest information comes from the answers to a survey conducted by Oikotie in November. 1504 Finns responded to the survey.

        Every third Finn feels that they cannot get by on their salary at the moment. The everyday realities of the economy have changed this autumn, when the prices of food, goods and services have risen sharply and quickly. The trend is largely due to Russia’s war of conquest in Ukraine and the resulting energy crisis. When prices have risen, the value of money has decreased, i.e. inflation has arisen.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • Internet Freedom FoundationResearcher Jade Lyngdoh from Shillong writes to the Chief Secretary of Meghalaya about the ongoing internet shutdown #KeepItOn

        On November 22, 2022, our community informed us that an internet shutdown has been ordered in several districts of the state of Meghalaya for 48 hours on November 22 and November 23, 2022. Our community also informed us that the internet suspension was in response to an incident of violence. Jade Lyngdoh, a student of National Law University, Jodhpur and a researcher of law and technology, and a resident of Shillong, decided to write to the Chief Secretary of Meghalaya to urge them to convene a meeting of the Review Committee of Meghalaya urgently and consider whether the internet suspension may be lifted earlier than 48 hours. IFF provided support to Mr. Lyngdoh in the drafting of the representation.

        The Suspension Order did not contain clear reasons

        The Government of Meghalaya, through its Secretary, Home (Police), issued an internet suspension order on November 22, 2022, which was to begin the same day, for 48 hours (“Suspension Order”). The Suspension Order was valid in seven districts of Meghalaya (out of 12), including East Khasi Hills, where Shillong is.

        The Suspension Order stated that an “untoward incident” had taken place, which could “disturb public peace and tranquillity, and cause a threat to public safety in [...], which may likely breakdown [sic] order”. The Suspension Order also stated that messaging and social media platforms, like Whatsapp, Facebook, Twitter and YouTube could be used for transmission of information, and that this could potentially break down law and order. On these grounds, the Suspension Order invoked the Temporary Suspension of Telecom Services Rules, 2017 (“Suspension Rules”) and the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885 to completely suspend all mobile internet services.

* Gemini (Primer) links can be opened using Gemini software. It’s like the World Wide Web but a lot lighter.

Links 23/11/2022: Tor Browser 11.5.8

Posted in News Roundup at 4:33 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Kernel Space

      • The VergeTime’s up: the leap second is being scrapped

        The leap second was introduced in 1972 as a way to adjust Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) roughly every 21 months. As these seconds are irregular and hard to predict due to the varying speed of the Earth’s rotation, they can disrupt systems that require precise timekeeping. Meta published a blog post earlier this year calling for leap seconds to be scrapped, highlighting that Reddit went down for around 40 minutes back in 2012 when a new leap second interfered with the company’s servers. In 2017, Cloudflare blamed the leap second for its DNS service going down on New Year’s Day, precisely at midnight UTC.

      • New York TimesIt’s Official: The Leap Second Will Be Retired (a Decade from Now)

        So voted the member states of the international treaty governing science and measurement standards, at a meeting in Versailles, France, on Friday. The near unanimous vote on what was known as Resolution D was met with relief and jubilation from the world’s metrologists, some of whom have been pressing for a solution to the leap second problem for decades.

    • Games

  • Distributions and Operating Systems

  • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

    • Alexandru NedelcuMastodon

      It’s a good idea to prefer alternatives to mastodon.social, because this server is being hammered by new traffic. For professionals in the software industry, these instances seem to be pretty good: [...]

    • Raspberry PiHost your own Mastodon instance on a Raspberry Pi

      Different servers have different policies, and some specialise in specific areas or provide additional tools like maths or translation. At Raspberry Pi, the team took the decision that they should run their own server just for the company fediverse presence. You can tell it’s official, as it’s a Raspberry Pi-owned domain name; and Raspberry Pi can run their own publishing and moderation directly. The account can’t get banned or shadow banned; the worst that happens is nobody looks at the content because it’s boring. Which can be fixed by writing more interesting things. Raspberry Pi can’t pay for adverts and force content on you – the fediverse just doesn’t work like that.

    • Web Browsers/Web Servers

      • Mozilla

        • TorNew Release: Tor Browser 11.5.8 (Android, Windows, macOS, Linux)

          Tor Browser 11.5.8 is now available from the Tor Browser download page and also from our distribution directory. This release will not be published on Google Play due to their target API level requirements. Assuming we do not run into any major problems, Tor Browser 11.5.9 will be an Android-only release that fixes this issue.

          Tor Browser 11.5.8 backports the following security updates from Firefox ESR 102.5 to to Firefox ESR 91.13 on Windows, macOS and Linux:

    • Standards/Consortia

      • HackadayNew Metric Prefixes Get Bigger And Smaller

        It always fascinates us that every single thing that is made had to be designed by someone. Even something as simple as a bag and box that holds cereal. Someone had to work out the dimensions, the materials, the printing on it, and assign it a UPC code. Those people aren’t always engineers, but someone has to think it out no matter how mundane it is before it can be made. But what about the terms we use to express things? Someone has to work those out, too. In the case of metric prefixes like kilo, mega, and pico, it is apparently the General Conference on Weights and Measures that recently had its 27th session. As a result of that, we have four more metric prefixes to learn: ronna, quetta, ronto, and quecto.

  • Leftovers

    • BoingBoingInstead of Black Friday, try Buy Nothing Day!

      According to Zippia.com, during 2021′s Black Friday, 155 million shoppers were out spending money, and businesses made $30-40 billion in sales in this post-Thanksgiving festival of consumption. On this same day, though, activists across the globe were celebrating a different cultural holiday, Buy Nothing Day (BND), which began in 1992 in Vancouver, Canada and has spread to over 65 countries. BND brings together citizens who seek freedom from the manic consumer binging currently colonizing the holidays, and call attention to the ecological and ethical consequences of overconsumption. Examples of recent activities from BND include: [...]

    • [Old] The Evolution of the Buy Nothing Meme

      After three ever-growing generations of Buy Nothing, what will the fourth look like? Will it dig deeper, move further, learn quicker, adapt faster? Can it be wielded with force against climate change? Wherever it goes, the meme’s future can’t be predicted with linear thinking and pattern-based predictions. Only the spontaneous creative will of the people, with the most powerful tool ever invented nestled in their pockets, can point the way forward. Could Buy Nothing 4.0 even play a part in putting humanity onto a sane sustainable path? We’ve only got so long to find out. It’s time for heads to bump — and for the Third Force to surge into action!

    • ScheerpostWakanda Must Fall

      This new film is rightly called a fantasy, and not just because Wakanda doesn’t exist. If Black moviegoers are not aware of the dangerous politics it espouses, they will find themselves believing in things far worse than non-existent kingdoms.

    • Telex (Hungary)The black caravan that’s impossible to escape from – just like prostitution
    • Telex (Hungary)It wasn’t CIA-controlled reptilians who supported Péter Márki-Zay’s movement – says head of NGO that raised funds
    • The NationIs NFL Football a Blood Sport?

      On this week’s episode of the Edge of Sports podcast, we speak to documentarian Isaac Solotaroff about his new project on Al Jazeera English, Bloodsport, a harrowing look at concussions and the NFL. We also talk about a new report that shows early CTE detection could be a scientific breakthrough very soon.

    • The NationInside the Dreams of Ling Ma

      I don’t know if Ling Ma is an insomniac, but I wouldn’t be surprised to learn that she is. For the sleepless, the veil between consciousness and the realm of dreams is worn thin; waking life is rendered fuzzy, but if you squint, it might glow. Ma’s new story collection, Bliss Montage, slips into the space that emerges when our grasp of practical reality eases and our sense for psychedelic possibilities expands. Rife with symbols of dreams and the unconscious, Bliss Montage explores abuse, immigration, and passive societal decline through prose as cool and fine as hotel linens. By draping her stories in the language and atmosphere of the surreal, Ma challenges us to try our hand at the lost art of interpretation—the humble recognition that our perception of any moment, traumatic or mundane, is at best a good guess.

    • Science

      • NCC Group ResearchA jq255 Elliptic Curve Specification, and a Retrospective

        The jq255e and jq255s groups are prime-order groups appropriate for building cryptographic protocols, and based on elliptic curves. These curves are from the large class of double-odd curves and their specific representation and formulas are described in particular in a paper I wrote this summer: https://eprint.iacr.org/2022/1052. In a nutshell, their advantages, compared to other curves of similar security levels, are the following: [...]

    • Hardware

      • HackadayLocal IOT Cat Treat Dispenser

        [MostElectronics], like many of us, loves cats, and so wanted to make an internet connected treat dispenser for their most beloved. The result is an ingenious 3D printed mechanism connected to a Raspberry Pi that’s able to serve treats through a locally run web application.

      • HackadayA Hacker Walks Into A Trade Show: Electronica 2022

        Last week, the world’s largest electronics trade fair took place in Munich, so I had to attend. Electronica is so big that it happens only once every two years and fills up 14 airplane hangars. As the fairly generic name suggests, it covers anything and everything having to do with electronics. From the producers of your favorite MLCC capacitors to the firms that deliver them to your doorstep, from suppliers of ASIC test equipment to the little shop that’ll custom wind toroids for you, that’s a pretty wide scope. Walking around, I saw tomorrow’s technology today from the big players, but I also picked up some ideas that would be useful for the home gamer.

      • HackadayStart Your Engines: The FPV Contest Begins Now!

        There are places that you can go in person, but for everything else, there’s FPV. Whether you’re flying race quads, diving the depths in a yellow submarine, or simply roving the surface of the land, we want to see your builds. If it’s remote controlled, and you feel like you’re in the pilot’s seat, it’s FPV.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • The Telegraph UKHow to become that person who exercises in the cold and dark

        “We begin with one per cent improvements. Goal setting can be very useful but start small. Don’t go in there with unrealistic expectations, don’t imagine you’ll suddenly be going to the gym five times a week or running every day. Small changes compound every day and make bigger changes. People who start gung-ho tend to fizzle out. Instead, you start with once a week for half an hour.”

    • Security

    • Defence/Aggression

      • NBCIran expands uranium enrichment at underground nuclear site amid violent crackdown on protesters

        “Enrichment to near-weapons grade levels using more efficient centrifuges at the deeply buried Fordow site is a serious escalation and raises the risk of a nuclear-armed Iran,” said Kelsey Davenport, director of non-proliferation policy at the Arms Control Association, a Washington-based think tank. Sixty percent enriched uranium “is a hair’s breadth away from the 90 percent level considered weapons grade,” she said.

      • ABCJan. 6 sedition trial of Oath Keepers founder goes to jury

        Hundreds of people have been convicted in the attack that left dozens of officers injured, sent lawmakers running for their lives and shook the foundations of American democracy. Now jurors in the case against Rhodes and four associates will decide, for the first time, whether the actions of any Jan. 6 defendants amount to seditious conspiracy — a rarely used charge that carries both significant prison time and political weight.

      • NBCJury to begin deliberating in Oath Keepers’ Jan. 6 seditious conspiracy trial

        U.S. District Judge Amit Mehta told jurors they would begin deliberations at 9:30 a.m. ET on Tuesday and resume deliberations on Monday after the Thanksgiving break.

      • Counter PunchThe Four Front+ War or World War III: A Sketch
      • ScheerpostScott Ritter: The Back Channel

        Communications between the U.S. and Russia are essential for preventing an out-of-control crisis and a conduit exists for ongoing, high-level dialogue. But what is it really for?

      • Common DreamsOpinion | Even During War of Self-Defense, Zelenskyy Government Must Respect Human Rights and Labor Rights

        It is critical to support Ukraine’s just war of self-defense against Russian aggression. Russia’s invasion was morally horrendous and blatantly illegal, resulting in ongoing war crimes and tremendous human suffering.

      • MeduzaKarelia regional deputies ask Putin to issue decree ending mobilization — Meduza

        Two deputies from the Republic of Karelia’s regional parliament have released a letter calling for Vladimir Putin to sign an order officially ending Russia’s mobilization campaign. Their request notes that the absence of such an order is “affecting society’s psychological state and is a source of concern and heightened anxiety in Russian families and workplaces in addition to causing health problems for many children.”

      • Meduza‘Stop waging a new colonial war!’ Not so long ago, federalism facilitated a lively domestic debate about how Russia uses its military — Meduza

        On October 18, Ukraine’s Verkhovna Rada passed a resolution declaring “the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria” to be “temporarily occupied by the Russian Federation.” In addition to highlighting Moscow’s history of using military force to impose its will, the symbolic move served as an acknowledgement of the role Chechen separatist fighters have played in opposing Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. It’s no surprise that Ukrainians and Chechen independence advocates have found common cause; their histories have many parallels. Almost three decades ago, however, when Russia deployed troops in Chechnya and launched the First Chechen War, the Chechen independence movement received rhetorical support from what now seems a far less likely source: Tatarstan. Journalists from Idel.Realii, a division of the U.S. state media outlet Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, recently dove into archives from that period, finding documents that offer a glimpse of a bygone era in which Russian politicians openly expressed disagreement with the Kremlin, Tatarstan was protective of its autonomy, and Russia’s transformation into “a voluntary union of equal nations” was seen as inevitable.

      • MeduzaPrigozhin awards Order of Courage to double homicide convict recruited by Wagner Group — Meduza

        Konstantin Kiselev, a convicted murderer recruited by the Wagner Group from a high-security penal colony in the Mari El region, has been decorated with the state Order of Courage.

      • Meduza‘Tired of war in principle’: The Kremlin secretly commissioned a series of focus groups to probe public attitudes about the war in Ukraine, and the findings aren’t encouraging for Russia’s president — Meduza
      • Common DreamsOpinion | Moral Injury: Helping Veterans Heal

        This past Veterans Day, I attended what was billed as a “Community Healing Ceremony” a service of reconciliation for veterans and nonveterans” choreographed and led by members of the clergy intended primarily to help veterans heal by relieving them “of the moral burden many too often carry in isolation.” The ceremony included a number of symbolic though somewhat banal “therapeutic” gestures to include hand washing, candle lighting, and ritualized movements integrated with civilian declarations of support such as “we’ve got your back,” and “you are not alone.” The highlight of the ceremony was five morally injured veterans, three of whom were clearly seriously impaired and vulnerable, testifying and professing their transgressions—bearing “witness to the human cost of war and military service”—as they struggled to relate their gut-wrenching experiences in war to a non-judgmental audience of sympathetic civilians (nonveterans). The expected, or better hoped-for benefit, as best as I can ascertain, from this interaction was twofold.

      • Common DreamsOpinion | 10 Years as a Military Spouse in America’s Post-9/11 World

        Recently, an agent of the Department of Homeland Security called me and started asking questions about a childhood acquaintance being investigated for extremism. I put him off.  My feelings about this were, to say the least, complex. As a military spouse of 10 years and someone who has long written about governmental abuses of power, I wanted to cooperate with efforts to root out hate. However, I also feared that my involvement might spark some kind of retaliation.

      • MeduzaUkrainian AG’s office investigates Russian POW execution video, suspects Makiivka captives of feigning surrender — Meduza

        The Ukrainian Attorney General’s office is investigating the video footage showing the alleged killing of captive Russian soldiers by the Ukrainian military.

      • MeduzaRussian lawmakers respond to video purportedly showing the killing of Russian POWs — Meduza

        Deputies from Russia’s State Duma have released an official statement in response to video footage that recently began circulating online and that appears to show Ukrainian soldiers killing Russian prisoners.

      • MeduzaUkrainian Security Service searches historic Kyiv monastery for Russian operatives — Meduza

        Agents from Ukraine’s Security Service (SBU) conducted a search of the Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra, a historic monastery in the Ukrainian capital, on Tuesday, local news outlets reported.

    • Transparency/Investigative Reporting

      • NPRStates differ on how best to spend $26B from settlement in opioid cases

        But she couldn’t find anyone to listen. At an August foundation meeting she attended, board members excused themselves to go into a private session, she said. “They just left the room and left us sitting there.” When she attended another meeting virtually, audience members weren’t allowed to “voice anything or ask questions.”

        A local group that advocates for people affected by the opioid epidemic has expressed similar concerns about the lack of opportunities for the public to speak with the foundation. That group is now suing the foundation for a lack of transparency, even though few decisions about funding priorities have been made yet.

    • Environment

      • NPRFears of [cryptocurrency] contagion are growing as another company’s finances wobble

        But Genesis has reportedly warned potential investors that it may need to file for bankruptcy if it fails to quickly raise a significant chunk of cash – $1 billion, according to Bloomberg News.

      • BBCFTX: Court says Sam Bankman-Fried ran FTX as a ‘personal fiefdom’

        The court was shown a timeline of how it became the second-largest cryptocurrency exchange before collapsing in just eight days once details about the company’s lack of financial stability were leaked online.

        Mr Bankman-Fried resigned and the firm filed for bankruptcy protection, seeking the court’s oversight as it attempts to resolve its debts.

      • Common DreamsSteven Donziger Says Criminalize Ecocide to ‘Help Save the Planet’

        Steven Donziger, the American human rights attorney targeted by Big Oil for his work in support of Indigenous people impacted by fossil fuel pollution, on Tuesday presented five legal solutions to the worsening climate emergency.

        “The right combination of legal changes happening quickly can catalyze progress.”

      • Energy

        • Eesti RahvusringhäälingFIU official: More [cryptocurrency] scams will be uncovered in the future

          The $575 million dollar cryptocurrency fraud reported yesterday is unlikely to be the last discovered in Estonia, the Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) said on Tuesday.

        • The NationThe Upside to FTX’s Downfall

          This represents a reckoning for cryptocurrency, a market that has gone underregulated for its entire existence. And FTX’s fall is just the latest, most egregious example in a series of Silicon Valley disasters. From Elon Musk’s destructive takeover of Twitter, to layoffs across the industry, to Ticketmaster’s monopoly on Taylor Swift tickets, the long-inflated tech bubble could well be bursting.

          The Washington Post Editorial Board has declared this moment a “big reset for tech.” But Big Tech cannot be allowed to reset itself. The Biden administration has the rare opportunity to regulate it through bipartisan cooperation in a closely divided Congress. Taking on cryptocurrency would be a natural place to start.

        • NPRWringing its hands over FTX’s collapse, Washington hopes to prevent more [cryptocurrency] pain

          As lawmakers debate how to respond, regulators and law enforcement agencies have started investigations into the company, once valued at tens of billions of dollars.

          The new CEO of FTX has fielded “numerous inquiries” from the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), and federal prosecutors, according to a court filing.

          But when it comes to digital assets, including cryptocurrencies, bureaucrats are locked in a turf war over who is responsible for overseeing what.

        • NBCFTX’s downfall and [cryptocurrency]‘s Bitcoin betrayal

          The modern [cryptocurrency] industry, however, doesn’t necessarily share the same vision that motivated the creation of Bitcoin. These new projects don’t set out to solve the practical problems that motivated the cypherpunks, but actually just treat blockchain like another thing for the tech industry to tinker with.

        • Common DreamsWarren Warns Crypto Madness Will ‘Take Down the Economy’ If It Isn’t Regulated

          U.S. Sen. Elizabeth Warren warned Tuesday in a Wall Street Journal opinion piece that if the federal government fails to adequately regulate the planet-killing cryptocurrency industry, it will “take down the economy.”

          “History is littered with financial schemes promoted by criminals and charlatans who claimed that the latest and greatest tools had evolved beyond the need for regulation.”

        • Counter PunchThe Pandemic Treaty, Crypto and the Press

          While the drafting of the agreement is still in its early phases, the shape of the main conflicts is already clear. The public health advocates, who want to ensure widespread access to these products, are trying to limit the extent to which patent monopolies and other protections price them out of the reach of developing countries. On the other side, the pharmaceutical industry wants these protections to be as long and as strong as possible, in order to maximize their profits. As Pfizer and Moderna know well, pandemics can be great for business.

          The shape of this battle is hardly new. We saw the same story not just in the Covid pandemic, but also in the AIDS pandemic in the 1990s, when millions of people needlessly died in Sub-Saharan Africa because the U.S. and European pharmaceutical industry tried to block widespread distribution of AIDS drugs.

        • Common Dreams‘A Death Sentence’: Biden Blasted for Approving Oil Export Project

          The Biden administration provoked national outrage this week by approving an oil export project off the coast of Texas—despite pledging to battle the climate emergency, including at COP27, the United Nations summit that just wrapped up in Egypt.

          “Enterprise has a terrible spill record, and they choose to run these pipelines right up our ass.”

        • The NationStudents Tell Their Universities: Keep Fossil Fuel Companies Out of Climate Research

          From Stanford and Brown Universities to Imperial College London and the University of Toronto, students at almost a dozen campuses around the world took action last week to push their universities to ban fossil fuel industry funding for climate research. This week of action was the latest outgrowth of the Fossil Free Research movement, which has spurred public discourse after Princeton pledged to divest its endowment and reject fossil fuel money. It also comes in the wake of reports that a record number of fossil fuel industry lobbyists flooded international climate talks at COP27, the United Nations Climate Change Conference, bringing the specter of the industry’s protracted role in climate denial into clear view on the global stage. Hundreds of students participated in Fossil Free Research actions across the US, the UK, and Canada.

        • Common Dreams‘Let’s Try Something New’: Naomi Klein Calls for Boycott of Next COP Climate Summit

          Author and environmentalist Naomi Klein on Monday urged civil society organizations to boycott the 2023 COP climate summit in the United Arab Emirates—one of the world’s largest oil producers—after this year’s summit concluded without any concrete action to phase-out fossil fuels, despite the best efforts of campaigners from around the world.

          Listing off some of the marked failures of COP27—from the host government of Egypt’s refusal to release political prisoner Alaa Abd El-Fattah to the “weak climate agreement that protects polluters”—Klein argued in a series of tweets that “now is the time to decide not to do this all over again next year, when the summit will be in the UAE. Of all places.”

        • TruthOutNaomi Klein Calls for a “True People’s Summit” in Wake of COP27 Failure
        • Common DreamsCivil Society Groups to IMF: Abolish Surcharges to Help Finance Climate Action

          A coalition of more than 300 civil society groups from around the world on Tuesday urged the International Monetary Fund to fulfill its ostensible commitment to fighting the climate emergency by scrapping interest rate surcharges on its loans, which would free up billions of dollars that highly indebted nations could use to pursue a rapid and just transition from fossil fuels to clean energy.

          “Following the completion of COP27 and the IMF Managing Director’s plea for decision makers to ‘do the right thing’ to forestall a climate disaster, the undersigned organizations and individuals call upon the IMF to urgently address one of the most glaring and easily rectifiable contradictions between its stated support for a just transition and its actions by immediately ending its surcharge policy,” the coalition wrote in a letter sent to the IMF Board of Directors.

        • HackadayFuel Cell Catalyst: Less Is More

          A fuel cell is almost like a battery that has replenishable fuel. Instead of charging a battery with an electric current, you recharge a fuel cell with something like hydrogen or you simply consume it from a tank much as an internal combustion engine consumes gasoline. However, fuel cells usually use a catalyst — it isn’t consumed in the reaction, but it is necessary and many fuel cells use platinum as a catalyst which is expensive. But what if you could use less catalyst and get a better result? That’s what researchers in Canada and the US are claiming in a recent paper. The key isn’t how much catalyst they are using, but rather the shape of the catalyst.

      • Wildlife/Nature

        • Counter PunchWhy the Ambler Road is One of the Biggest Threats to Alaskan Wildlands

          The proposed 211-mile Ambler Road would connect the Dalton Highway (pipeline haul road) with the Ambler Mining District in the western Brooks Range. The ore belt that stretches for 200 miles contains copper, cobalt, lead, and zinc and could be one of the most valuable deposits in the world, especially as people turn to electric vehicles.

          There is new interest in encouraging the US development of critical minerals and energy, and the Ambler Mining proposal benefits from this push for US sources of minerals.

      • Overpopulation

        • CaliforniaThe price of environmental damage in California? Less than a tank of gas for these farmers

          In theory, the State Water Resources Control Board has broad authority to regulate how water is used and to punish those who misuse it. But as The Bee’s investigation revealed, that authority is hopelessly undermined by “a convoluted web of state and federal laws.”

          State authorities are not even equipped to effectively track water consumption. Water disappears, and state officials often have no idea where it went.

        • VOA NewsTanzania’s Commercial Capital Struggling With Water Shortage

          It’s been a month since Tanzania’s commercial capital, Dar es Salaam, put residents on water rations after a drop in the city’s main water source, the Ruvu River. Authorities say the water supply problem is beyond their control, but critics see it as a failure to manage resources. Charles Kombe reports from Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Camera: Rajabu Hassan.

        • SacBee reporter investigates California water confrontations

          The situation turned acute over the summer, when ranchers in Siskiyou County defied state orders and turned on irrigation pumps. The flow in the Shasta River fell 50%, endangering fish species that need the water.

    • Finance

      • Common DreamsFaced With ‘Baseless Political Lawsuits,’ Biden Extends Student Loan Payment Freeze

        Student debt relief campaigners on Tuesday welcomed U.S. President Joe Biden’s decision to yet again extend a temporary pause on federal loan payments in response to Republican lawsuits targeting his cancellation plan.

        “This is a welcome step towards stimulating the economy and providing some economic relief to millions of Americans.”

      • Common DreamsOpinion | With $800 Billion Budget, Pentagon (Again) Can’t Pass an Audit

        Last week, the Department of Defense revealed that it had failed its fifth consecutive audit. 

      • Common DreamsUS Supreme Court Denies Trump’s Bid to Keep Tax Returns From House Committee

        In a blow to Donald Trump, the U.S. Supreme Court on Tuesday rejected an attempt by the former president to prevent a congressional committee from obtaining his federal income tax returns.

        “The committee will now conduct the oversight that we’ve sought for the last three-and-a-half years.”

      • The NationLabor’s Winning Weapon

        While tens of thousands of unionized workers in the United States were running phone banks and pounding the pavement in the final push to save democracy in crucial local, state and midterm elections, nearly 60,000 of their counterparts in Ontario, Canada, waged and won significant victories in two historic supermajority strikes (at least 90 percent of the workers participate in the strike). On Monday, November 7, some 2,200 workers walked off the job at GO Transit’s bus division, idling intercity buses across the Greater Toronto Area and disrupting commuters trying to access North America’s third-largest public transit system (after New York and Mexico City). The bus drivers, station attendants, maintenance crews, cleaners, and transit safety workers walked off the job in a strike that lasted four days with 100 percent unity. Not a single worker crossed the picket lines. The timing couldn’t have been better—and it wasn’t an accident. As Alex Jackson, a station attendant for five years, explained, “the climate was just really perfect” for the strike, since the Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPE) “educational workers were going on strike, the grueling pandemic shook people up, and top managers like Phil Verster [CEO of GO Transit’s parent Metrolinx] were getting a huge raises.” The iron was hot, and they had spent months making sure it would be.

      • Common DreamsOutrage as Starbucks Moves to Close First Unionized Shop in Its Home City of Seattle

        Starbucks announced late Monday that it will soon shutter yet another unionized location—this time the Seattle shop that was the first to unionize in the coffee giant’s home city.

        While Starbucks said in a statement that the planned closure is due to “safety and security” concerns, workers and union representatives characterized the decision as clearly retaliatory given the Broadway East and Denny Way’s status as the first organized shop in the city where Starbucks was founded and is currently headquartered.

      • TruthOutStarbucks Moves to Close First Unionized Shop in Its Home City of Seattle
      • Common DreamsTeachers’ Union Leader Hits Back After Pompeo Calls Her the ‘Most Dangerous Person in the World’

        Randi Weingarten, president of the American Federation of Teachers, defended the egalitarian legacy and aspirations of public education on Monday after former U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo accused her of being “the most dangerous person in the world.”

        In an interview with Semafor, Pompeo said: “I tell the story often—I get asked, ‘Who’s the most dangerous person in the world? Is it Chairman Kim, is it Xi Jinping?’ The most dangerous person in the world is Randi Weingarten.”

      • Common DreamsOpinion | Billionaires Like Elon Musk Are the Most Dangerous People on Planet Earth

        Watching Elon Musk reveal himself in recent weeks to be the world’s richest buffoon has certainly been entertaining. However, it could lead to the conclusion that billionaires are silly but harmless—which is far from the truth.

      • Common DreamsProgressives Say Democrats Should Raise—Not Cut—Corporate Taxes During Lame Duck

        Tax justice campaigners are urging Democratic lawmakers to resist corporate America’s push for a series of major giveaways during the lame-duck session, arguing Congress should instead be raising taxes on large businesses as they continue to drive up prices for consumers while raking in record profits.

        “In 2021, corporations recorded annual profits of $2.8 trillion, up 25% from the year before. And, in 2022, they’re enjoying the highest profit margin in over 70 years,” the Americans for Tax Fairness Action Fund notes in a new petition. “Now, even as major, profitable corporations are price gouging the American people, they are demanding that Congress give them a new round of tax breaks before year’s end that could cost up to $600 billion over ten years.”

      • MeduzaHuawei isolates operations in Russia and Belarus from other CIS countries to reduce sanctions risks — Meduza

        The Chinese telecommunications company ​​Huawei is splitting its division that handles CIS countries into two parts, separating its operations in Russia and Belarus from those in the rest of the region, the Russian newspaper Vedomosti reported on Tuesday.

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • TechdirtMeta Moderators Handed Out Access To Facebook Accounts In Exchange For Bribes

        Moderation at scale is impossible. This truism has been enshrined on the pages of Techdirt. Anyone working for a platform with thousands of users — much less millions or billions of users — knows this is true. Meta, the rebrand now controlling Facebook, certainly knows this to be true. Facebook has billions of users and the amount of user-generated content requiring moderation is only slightly easier to manage than the 720,000 hours of video uploaded to YouTube every day.

    • Freedom of Information / Freedom of the Press

      • ScheerpostThuggish Ways: Mike Pompeo, Punishing Leakers and Getting Assange

        Poor, silly, protuberant Mike Pompeo.  The stocky, irritated former CIA director and former Secretary of State is rather upset that those who worked under him dared wag their tongues about Julian Assange.  The wagging so happened to relate to contemplated plans of abduction and assassination, something the US executive formally […]

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • MediaiteArgentinian TV Reporter Has Wallet Stolen From Her Live On Air At World Cup

        The Telegraph reported that over 20,000 facial recognition cameras were used throughout the eight stadiums.

      • The EconomistAn autistic man was surfing the internet on his dad’s sofa. Then the FBI turned up

        Even if a defence lawyer did convince a jury that their autistic client met this criterion, the outcome wouldn’t necessarily be desirable. Darius McCollum, an autistic man who was fascinated by New York City’s transit systems, was arrested on multiple occasions over a 30-year period for impersonating transit staff and driving their bus or subway routes (and doing the job fairly well, as it happened). In 2015 he was charged with stealing a Greyhound bus. The judge accepted his plea of not guilty by reason of insanity, based on his autism, but sent him indefinitely to a mental institution.

      • VOA NewsUN Lashes Out at Iran for Harsh Crackdown on Protests

        The United Nations on Tuesday assailed Iran for the Islamic Republic’s increasingly harsh attacks on protests that were sparked by the death of a 22-year-old Kurdish woman in the custody of the country’s morality police.

        More than 300 people, including around 40 children, have been killed during two months of protests, often in street clashes across the country. Iran has said that 46 members of its security forces have been killed, but the government has provided no further accounting of the death toll.

      • Pro PublicaHow the U.S. Broke Its Promise to Protect Fish for Tribes

        Salmon heads, fins and tails filled baking trays in the kitchen where Lottie Sam prepped for her tribe’s spring feast.

        The sacred ceremony, held each year on the Yakama reservation in south-central Washington, honors the first returning salmon and the first gathered roots and berries of the new year.

      • ScheerpostSettler Pogroms Against Palestinians Will Become The Norm Under New Israeli Government

        The main point to be taken from the results of the Israeli elections is that the lives of Palestinian have never been in more danger than they are now.

      • ScheerpostMajor Strike Looms as Largest Rail Union in US Rejects White House-Brokered Contract

        “It’s about attendance policies, sick time, fatigue, and the lack of family time,” said one union official. “A lot of these things that cannot be seen but are felt by our membership. It’s destroying their livelihoods.”

      • TruthOutCOP27 Is Over But Alaa Abd El-Fattah Remains a Political Prisoner
      • Democracy NowFamily of British-Egyptian Political Prisoner Alaa Abd El-Fattah on Their Struggle for His Freedom

        In a wide-ranging interview recorded in Cairo, we speak with Laila Soueif and Sanaa Seif, the mother and sister of British-Egyptian political prisoner Alaa Abd El-Fattah, about his health, his case, his family and his hopes for freedom. After visiting him in prison, they describe how El-Fattah started a water strike on the first day of the U.N. climate conference in Sharm el-Sheikh to draw international attention to the country’s human rights violations and protest his seemingly indefinite imprisonment. He paused after collapsing and suffering a “near-death experience” when prison officials appeared reluctant to record his full water and hunger strike. Seif says they set a date to restart his hunger strike, once he regains physical and mental strength. Laila Soueif discusses how El-Fattah helped her raise his two younger sisters when her now-deceased husband was in jail for his own activism. They also describe his relationship with his son, Khaled, who is nonverbal and diagnosed with autism, calling El-Fattah a “patient, kind father.” Recalling his most recent trial, they lay out how he was sentenced to five years in prison last December, and explain how El-Fattah’s lawyers never had access to the case trial or were allowed to argue his case. “There is clearly a vendetta” against El-Fattah, notes Seif, who adds “it’s pointless to talk about the legal procedures [since] each step of it is a sham.” Seif also speaks about the mass imprisonment of other political prisoners and the major influence and responsibility the U.S. has in freeing El-Fattah and others. “This whole operation [in Egypt] is a U.S. operation,” says Soueif, who says she wants El-Fattah freed and deported to the U.K. to keep him safe.

      • TechdirtOhio City’s Failure To Control Cops Results In Jury Awarding $4.4 Million To Family Of Man Killed By Officer

        You may think you can take a hands-off approach to local law enforcement. But you’d be wrong. Trusting the police to police themselves has never worked out. If you don’t end up targeted by a DOJ investigation, all the work you didn’t do to oversee your police officers can (and will) be used against you in a court of law.

      • EFFSee What We Accomplished Together in EFF’s 2021 Annual Report

        EFF leveraged over $15M in public support to defend civil liberties and encourage innovation in the digital world last year. We continued long standing battles against street-level surveillance by companies such as Amazon Ring and technologies like Automated License Plate Readers (ALPRs). We also reacted to fast-breaking external events, such as our largely successful efforts to ensure that pandemic-related virus tracking software respects our privacy, and in our successful campaign to pressure Apple into dropping a dangerous message-scanning program.

        Our work encrypting the web continued apace, as did our recognition that cybersecurity requires protecting everyone, including domestic violence victims who are subjected to stalkerware. And that’s only scratching the surface. Compared to recent annual reports, this year’s report includes a more comprehensive look at EFF’s work in six key issue areas, includes a “by the numbers” section, and other resources, such as links to our legal and policy victories and even amicus briefs EFF filed during the year. 

        Sprinkled throughout the report are quotes from the 4,000 responses to our online member survey, where you affirmed that EFF is a trusted source of information, and that our supporters share our values. Thank you for standing by our side as we work together to protect civil liberties and make the world a better place, now and for future generations.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • TechdirtNYC’s New 5G LinkNYC Towers Don’t Actually Fix The Digital Divide. And They’re Ugly As Hell.

        Back in 2014, New York City officials decided they would replace the city’s dated pay phones with “information kiosks” providing free public Wi-Fi, phone calls, device charging, and a tablet for access to city services, maps and directions. The kiosks were to be funded by “context-aware” ads based on a variety of data collected from kiosk users and NYC residents just passing by.

      • TechdirtFCC Adds A ‘Nutrition’ Label To Broadband So You Can Clearly See When Monopolies Are Ripping You Off

        After countless years pondering the idea, the FCC has finally announced that it’s going to politely ask the nation’s lumbering telecom monopolies to affix a sort of “nutrition label” on to broadband connections. The labels will clearly disclose the speed and latency (ping) of your connection, any hidden fees users will encounter, and whether the connection comes with usage limits.

      • TechdirtThe Global Trend That Could Kill The Internet: Sender Party Network Pays

        There is a Korean proverb that says: “There is always a way out, look for it.” South Korea’s recent revision of its Telecommunications Business Act (TBA) might, however, be the one thing South Korea is not able to get out of, unless it abandons its plans for redistributing the monopoly power back to telecommunication providers.

    • Monopolies

      • Rolling StoneAOC on Ticketmaster: ‘Fans Are Being Absolutely Fleeced’

        New York Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez was one of the first politicians to criticize the live music giant over the latest controversy last week, tweeting a “daily reminder that Ticketmaster is a monopoly, its merger with Live Nation should never have been approved, and they need to be reigned in,” and calling for the merger to be broken up.

      • Hollywood ReporterFear for Your Megamergers: The Justice Dept. Is (Finally) Taking Action

        The ruling marks a triumph for a rejuvenated DOJ antitrust division after decades of lax enforcement — and a troubling sign for Hollywood moguls contemplating mergers. “Anybody who is looking to do sizable M&As in the media sector where you’re going to lose a player should be concerned after this,” the head of a mid-major studio, speaking under the condition of anonymity, tells The Hollywood Reporter.

      • Hollywood ReporterDisney Hit With Antitrust Suit Over Live Streaming TV Prices

        The suit pits YouTube TV subscribers, who filed the suit on Friday in California federal court, against Disney. They point to business dealings that effectively grants the company the ability to “set a price floor” for the market and push up prices across the industry by raising the prices of its own offerings.

      • New York TimesCan Big Tech Get Bigger? Microsoft Presses Governments to Say Yes.

        Microsoft’s aim is simple: persuade skeptical governments around the globe to approve the blockbuster takeover. Sixteen governments must bless the purchase, putting Microsoft under the most regulatory pressure it has faced since the antitrust battles of the 1990s. And in three key places — the United States, the European Union and Britain — regulators have begun deep reviews, with the European Commission declaring this month that it was opening an in-depth investigation of the deal.

      • The EU is set to investigate the Microsoft-Activision deal in more depth, it’s claimed

        However, according to a new report by Politico, Microsoft had a deadline of midnight on October 31 to submit commitments to the EU that would help ease any concerns it had about the deal.

        Sources familiar with the matter reportedly told Politico that Microsoft has failed to do this, thereby potentially triggering the second, more in-depth phase of the investigation.

        If the European Commission now wishes to press ahead with Phase 2, it has to formally announce this before November 8.

      • Florian MüllerEuropean Commission extends deadline for Microsoft-ActivisionBlizzard merger review by 10 days, presumably at parties’ request: potential harbinger of positive outcome

        Today the European Commission announced the extension of its deadline for the merger review of Microsoft’s $69 billion acquisition of Activision Blizzard King by 10 working days to April 11, 2023. According to the website of the EC’s Directorate General for Competition (DG COMP), this decision was made under Article 10(3)2 of the EU’s Merger Regulation.

      • European CommissionM.10646 MICROSOFT | ACTIVISION BLIZZARD

        Notification on: 30.09.2022

        Provisional deadline: 11.04.2023 : Deadline extended by 10 working days under article 10(3)2 on 18.11.2022

        Prior publication in Official Journal: C386 of 07.10.2022

      • Microsoft offered Sony 10-year deal to keep Call of Duty on PlayStation, as regulatory pressure intensifies

        On November 11, Microsoft offered Sony a 10-year deal to keep Call of Duty on PlayStation, the company told the New York Times. Sony, however, declined to comment on the matter.

        It is unclear why the Japanese company rejected another proposal from Xbox. But it is safe to say that Sony will continue to oppose the $68.7 billion deal, citing potential harm to its customers and market competition in general as the main reasons.

      • The Washington PostActivision Blizzard’s CEO addresses the Microsoft merger

        Microsoft wants to expand its gaming empire beyond Xbox and buy Activision Blizzard for a record $68.7 billion deal, but it’s facing further regulatory scrutiny.

        The European Union announced on Tuesday it has launched an investigation into Microsoft’s merger. It is worried that the tech giant will limit access to Activision games, which could hurt competition.

      • [Old] EUPrior notification of a concentration (Case M.10646 – Microsoft / Activision Blizzard) (Text with EEA relevance) 2022/C 386/06 [iophk: Too late]

        4. The Commission invites interested third parties to submit their possible observations on the proposed operation to the Commission.

        Observations must reach the Commission not later than 10 days following the date of this publication. The following reference should always be specified:

        M.10646 – Microsoft / Activision Blizzard

      • European CommissionM.10646 – MICROSOFT / ACTIVISION BLIZZARD: SECTION 1.2

        On 30.09.2022, the Commission received a notification of the proposed acquisition by Microsoft of sole control within the meaning of Article 3(1)(b) of Council Regulation (EC) No 139/2004 over Activision Blizzard (the “Transaction”). The Transaction will be implemented through a merger of Microsoft’s wholly-owned subsidiary, Merger Sub, with and into Activision Blizzard. Following the Transaction, Activision Blizzard will continue as a wholly owned subsidiary of Microsoft.

      • ForbesWhy Sony Is Never Going To Take Any ‘Call Of Duty’ Deal Xbox Offers

        After Phil Spencer said they couldn’t just make a “forever” contract, the offer they are actually making is a 10 year contract to ensure Call of Duty would keep being sold on PlayStation after they bought it, up from the three year offer they made previous that Jim Ryan called “inadequate.”

        Sony has not commented on the new offer yet, but at this point you might wonder what offer they would take if they won’t take this one, but there you’ve found your answer.

        No offers. They do not have a reason to take…any offers, from their perspective. Here’s why.

      • Trademarks

        • ABCJack Daniel’s maker takes Arizona company to court over spoof dog toy

          The toy that has Jack Daniel’s so doggone mad mimics the square shape of its whisky bottle as well as its black-and-white label and amber-colored liquor while adding what it calls “poop humor.” While the original bottle has the words “Old No. 7 brand” and “Tennessee Sour Mash Whiskey,” the parody proclaims: “The Old No. 2 on Your Tennessee Carpet.” Instead of the original’s note that it is 40% alcohol by volume, the parody says it’s “43% Poo by Vol.” and “100% Smelly.”

      • Copyrights

        • Torrent FreakACE Shuts Down Major Live Streaming Sports Sites and Settles with Operator

          The FIFA World Cup is in full swing, and rightsholders are working around the clock to keep live-streaming pirates at bay. Anti-piracy coalition ACE did its part by shutting down two popular sites after signing a confidential settlement with their Moroccan operator. Overall, however, defeating sports piracy is much easier said than done.

        • Torrent FreakMovie Studios Awarded $51.6m Piracy Damages Against IPTV Service Nitro TV

          Columbia, Paramount, Disney, Warner, Universal and Amazon, have been awarded $51.6m in copyright damages against the operators of the defunct pirate IPTV service, Nitro TV. A California court awarded damages for willful infringement of 2,216 movies and TV shows. Six defendants, including YouTuber ‘Touchtone’, are also liable for almost $2m in post-judgment interest.

        • TechdirtAI Art Is Eating The World, And We Need To Discuss Its Wonders And Dangers

          After posting the following AI-generated images, I got private replies asking the same question: “Can you tell me how you made these?” So, here I will provide the background and “how to” of creating such AI portraits, but also describe the ethical considerations and the dangers we should address right now.

* Gemini (Primer) links can be opened using Gemini software. It’s like the World Wide Web but a lot lighter.

IRC Proceedings: Tuesday, November 22, 2022

Posted in IRC Logs at 2:16 am by Needs Sunlight

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Links 23/11/2022: GNU Parallel 20221122 and Proxmox VE 7.3

Posted in News Roundup at 12:56 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • Asahi Linux: Updates galore! November 2022 Progress Report

        Until now, Asahi Linux has only supported USB2 on the Thunderbolt ports. While the hardware USB2/3 controllers are reasonably well supported by Linux already, and the Type-C port controllers are also based on existing partially-supported hardware, there was one big missing piece: the PHY driver.

        M1 and later Apple Silicon machines use Apple-designed (or Apple-customized?) PHY hardware called “Apple Type-C PHY” (ATCPHY) that supports USB3, DisplayPort, and TB3/USB4 modes. This piece of hardware is in charge of turning the USB3/DP/TB protocol data into signals on the wires. Since we’re dealing with very high-speed signals (up to 20Gbps per pair), the PHY has to be very complex and there are a lot of analog knobs that need to be individually calibrated. With USB2, you can get away with having universal settings that work for every device, but that won’t work for USB3 and other higher-speed protocols!

        The job of the PHY driver is to configure the physical hardware with settings specific to your particular chip, which are calibrated at the factory, and to manage reconfiguration of the entire PHY hardware as different modes are switched in and out. In practice, this means a huge number of “magic” register pokes, including some with variable data that comes from factory-written eFuses. Sven has been working hard reverse engineer all of this, and this new release includes his new ATCPHY driver with support for USB3 mode!

        In addition to driving the PHY itself, the PHY driver has to very carefully coordinate with the USB controller driver (dwc3) and the Type C port controller driver (tipd). When devices are connected and disconnected, there is a complex dance of negotiation that has to happen that eventually leads to a decision on what protocols to run over which wires. This information has to be communicated to the PHY (including things like what orientation you plugged the cable in) so it can route its signals appropriately, and only after everything has been initialized in the right order can the USB controller be brought up. To make matters even trickier, the hardware is quite temperamental and if anything goes wrong the controller is likely to just lock up or fail to work!

        We think USB3 mode should be pretty solid, but you can expect some glitches when doing things like hotplugging devices quickly at this point. The good news is that, since mode-switching when you hotplug the cable involves resetting almost everything, any transient issues can usually be solved by just disconnecting and reconnecting the device. Actual USB3 operation should be solid once connected, but do let us know if you encounter any issues.

      • LWNAsahi Linux November 2022 progress report [LWN.net]

        For those who are waiting for Linux on Apple hardware, the Asahi Linux project has put out a detailed report on progress toward a working kernel and distribution.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • It’s FOSSapt remove vs apt purge: What’s the Difference?

        But in various forums, you may come across the suggestion to use the apt purge command for removing applications completely.


        So, why are there two similar commands for removing packages? What’s the difference between the two? Let me explain it to you with a few examples.

      • AWS s3api CLI can be used to filter objects in a S3 bucket based on the Last Modified Date using the –query filter.
      • GNOMEWill Thompson: Recovering a truncated Zoom meeting recording on Endless OS

        One of my colleagues was recording a Zoom meeting. The session ended in such a way that the recording was left unfinished, named video2013876469.mp4.tmp. Trying to play it in Videos just gave the error “This file is invalid and cannot be played”. ffplay gave the more helpful error “moov atom not found”. It wasn’t too hard to recover the file, but it did involve a bit of podman knowledge, so I’m writing it up here for posterity.

      • BeebomHow to Install Google Chrome on Ubuntu (2 Methods) | Beebom

        Have you switched to Ubuntu and are looking for a straightforward way to install Google Chrome? Well, installing Chrome on Ubuntu is as simple as installing other popular browsers on Linux, Mac, or Windows. In fact, there are multiple ways to get Chrome running on Ubuntu Linux. So in this tutorial, we have included two simple ways to install Chrome on Ubuntu. Apart from that, we have also mentioned how to update Chrome on Ubuntu, and the steps to completely remove it. On that note, let’s jump to the steps.

      • Make Use OfHow to Use the less, more, and most Commands to Read Text Files in Linux

        There are many GUI text editors available on a Linux system to view and modify text files. But you might just want to read your text files within the terminal. There are many commands available on Linux that allow you to do that, three of which are less, more, and most.

        Read on to discover how you can use these three commands to effectively read text files on your Linux terminal.

      • ID RootHow To Install Podman on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Podman on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Podman is a container tool for virtualizing applications. It was originally developed by Red Hat and originated in the Cri-O project, which develops a lightweight container runtime environment alternative to the Docker runtime environment. Podman distinguishes itself from its competitors by allowing you to run Containers in both root and rootless modes. Additionally, Podman isn’t a running service, meaning that it’s daemons.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Podman on Ubuntu 22.04 (Jammy Jellyfish). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 22.04 and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint, Elementary OS, Pop!_OS, and more as well.

      • VideoHow to install Shotcut video editor on Linux Mint 21 – Invidious
      • VideoHow to install Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9.1 – Invidious

        In this video, I am going to show how to install Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9.1.

      • Linux Made SimpleHow to install OnlyOffice on a Chromebook

        Today we are looking at how to install OnlyOffice on a Chromebook.

        If you have any questions, please contact us via a Rumble comment and we would be happy to assist you!

        This tutorial will only work on Chromebooks with an Intel or AMD CPU (with Linux Apps Support) and not those with an ARM64 architecture CPU.

      • Make Use OfHow to Use diskonaut to Generate a Visual Treemap of Your Linux Disk Space

        Disk space fills up quickly on Linux, and before you know it, it’s time to invest in another couple of terabyte drives to house your rapidly ballooning file system. How did it ever get so bloated?

        Tracking down and visualizing files and directories which are taking more than their share of the room is difficult—especially if you’re a dedicated terminal dweller.

        diskonaut is an app that can finally help you to visualize, identify, manage, and delete overgrown branches of your file tree, all from the comfort of your favorite terminal.

      • Make Tech EasierHow to Install and Update Google Chrome in Ubuntu – Make Tech Easier

        Most users who want to install Google Chrome in Ubuntu tend to use an App Store or go through Ubuntu Software. What they don’t know is that Google Chrome isn’t available in any major Linux distribution archives, so it can’t be installed directly from the Software Center. Here we show you how to install Google Chrome in Ubuntu.

    • Games

      • PS4 Linux: PSXITA Team and developer Mircoho improve Linux performance on PS4 Pro – Wololo.net

        Team PSXITA have worked with developer Mircoho to fix performance issues of PS4 Linux on PS4 Pro on recent firmwares. They have released* binaries that should work as well as, if not better than, their equivalent on regular PS4s.

        As strange as it might sound, Linux tends to be slower on PS4 Pro than regular PS4s. This is mostly for historical reasons, as the folks behind the original Linux support for PS4 (Team Fail0verflow, in particular Marcan who’s now working on Linux support for Apple Silicon) worked on regular PS4s.

        The PS4 Pro has multiple significant differences from the PS4, and as such the Linux ports we’ve been using are critically under optimized for the PS4 Pro.

        A couple weeks ago, PSXITA have released new binaries that finally make Linux run reasonably fast on the PS4 Pro. It’s still not taking full advantage of the console’s extra power, but according to the devs this should be quite acceptable now.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • Timothée RavierFinilazing rpm-ostree support in Discover – Siosm’s blog

          Initial support for rpm-ostre was added in Discover as part of a Season of KDE 2021 project that was completed by Mariam Fahmy.

          Unfortunately, we hit some hard to diagnose issues related to DBus interactions with rpm-ostree so the work was left in limbo for a while and kept disabled in Fedora Kinoite.

          I recently picked it up again and implemented a work around as I could not figure out the root cause of our original issue.

        • KDABCXX-Qt 0.4 Released – KDAB

          We just released CXX-Qt version 0.4!

          CXX-Qt is a set of Rust crates for creating bidirectional Rust ⇄ C++ bindings with Qt. It can be used to integrate Rust into C++ applications using CMake or build Rust applications with Cargo. CXX-Qt provides tools for implementing QObject subclasses in Rust that can be used from C++, QML, and JavaScript.

          For 0.4, most of the internals of CXX-Qt have been refactored into stages, which means it is easier to maintain. There are various small changes to the API, such as the capability of using attributes in more places rather than magic struct names. Relocatable Qt types have been marked as trivial to CXX (which means they don’t need to be wrapped in pointers).

          Some of the larger developer-facing changes are listed below.

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • GNOMEVoice (gnome-voice) 1.0.1 with Multiple Voice Streaming and Recording – Ole Aamot

          The first stable Voice (gnome-voice) 1.0.1 release is now available at https://download.gnome.org/sources/gnome-voice/1.0/gnome-voice-1.0.1.tar.xz with Voicegram streaming and recording in Ogg Vorbis.

          Voice 1.0.1 is a new Public Voice Communication Software being built on GNOME 44 and published as GNOME Software as well as in the Bachelor thesis in Programming – Aamot, Ole Kristian: Public Voice Communication (NTNU, 2025).

  • Distributions and Operating Systems

    • New Releases

      • Proxmox VE 7.3 released! | Proxmox Support Forum

        we’re very excited to announce the release of Proxmox Virtual Environment 7.3. It’s based on Debian 11.5 “Bullseye” but using a newer Linux kernel 5.15 or 5.19, QEMU 7.1, LXC 5.0.0, and ZFS 2.1.6.

        Proxmox Virtual Environment 7.3 comes with initial support for Cluster Resource Scheduling, enables updates for air-gapped systems with the new Proxmox Offline Mirror tool, and has improved UX for various management tasks, as well as interesting storage technologies like ZFS dRAID and countless enhancements and bugfixes.

    • BSD

      • FreeBSDFall Foundation Software Development Update | FreeBSD Foundation

        During the third quarter of 2022, 300 src, 36 ports, and 13 doc tree commits were made that identified The FreeBSD Foundation as a sponsor. It’s challenging to concisely summarize all this work. It varies from complex new features to various bug fixes spanning the src tree. A few highlights include adding ZFS support to makefs, adding experimental 16k page support on arm64, removing the default pager, and fixing race conditions in the event timer.

      • FreeBSDInvest in FreeBSD | FreeBSD Foundation

        Giving Season. It’s a term we use often as the year comes to an end. A time when we reflect on what’s been impactful to us over the past year and how to give back. Just like many other non profit organizations, Giving Season is an important time for the FreeBSD Foundation. It’s when we remind folks of the work we’re doing to support FreeBSD and ask for your help in continuing that work. However, it’s also important to know that when you support the FreeBSD Foundation, you’re not only giving back to what is important to you, you are also investing in the future of FreeBSD. Your funds directly impact the success of the operating system. Your investment ensures that FreeBSD stays the relevant, secure, and sustainable operating system you’ve come to rely on.

      • MWLFifty Books. Thirty Years. What Next?

        I edited my SNMP MIB to include the two new books, Prohibition Orcs and Frozen Talons, and realized that the first book in that table came out in 1992.

        Thirty years ago.

        Plus, Frozen Talons is my 50th full book. If you count “things with my name on them,” including anthologies and chapbooks but not translations, it’s number 96. No–wait–my list is missing one thing. It’s 97. Quick, someone send me a neurotypical personal assistant to track all this crap!

    • Fedora Family / IBM

      • Fedora MagazineFirst Anaconda preview image now public!

        We are excited to announce the first public preview image of the new Anaconda web interface! Our vision is to reimagine and modernize our installer’s user experience (see our blog post “Anaconda is getting a new suit”). We are doing this by redesigning the user experience on all fronts to make it more easy and approachable for everyone to use.

        Today, we would like to introduce our plans for the public preview release, as our new project has already reached a point where core code functionality is already developed and the new interface can be used for real installations.

    • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

      • OMG Ubuntu’Folder Color’ Tool Adds Support for Ubuntu 22.10 – OMG! Ubuntu!

        You’re probably already familiar with Folder Color, a terrifically nifty tool that makes it easy to change the colour of folder icons in Nautilus.

        Well, I’ve some good news: it recently added support for Ubuntu 22.10 and GNOME 43. This means you can continue to change the colour of any folder in Nautilus (as well as badge folders with a selection of emblems) to suit your own tastes.

        If you’ve used the tool in earlier versions of Ubuntu/Nautilus then nothing has changed: right-click on any folder in the file manager and page into the ‘folder color’ menu to pick a hue from the list available. The change applies instantly.

    • Devices/Embedded

      • LiliputingOrange Pi OS: Android and Linux-based operating systems for Orange Pi single-board PCs

        The maker of the Orange Pi line of single-board computers (among other things) offers a handful of Android or Linux images that can be installed on most of the company’s products. But for the most part they’re just existing operating systems that have been tweaked to support Orange Pi hardware.

        Now Shenzhen Xunlong Software has started to develop its own Orange Pi OS for some of its most recent computers. Actually, there are a few different version of Orange Pi OS. One is based on Android, and it’s already available for installation on the Orange Pi 800 computer-in-a keyboard. Next year the company plans to launch an operating system based on Arch Linux and another based on OpenHarmony.

      • CNX SoftwareOrange Pi OS – An Android-based desktop OS with Windows 11’s look and feel – CNX Software

        The manufacturer of Orange Pi boards, Shenzhen Xunlong Software, has formally announced the release of Orange Pi OS based on Android with a Windows 11-styled desktop that we are told can also be switched to macOS look and feel, and offering features typically found in desktop operating systems such as multi-window support.

        I understand the current release of the operating system works on Orange Pi 800 keyboard PC and the Orange Pi 5 SBC should also be supported once soon. We’re told Orange Pi OS is based on Android 12, but that may be an error since I’m not aware of an Android 12 SDK for the Rockchip RK3399 processor. The company plans to release an Arch Linux Arm version named Orange Pi OS (Arch) as well as an Open Harmony variant called Orange Pi OS (OH) next year.

      • LinuxiacLinkStar H68K Is a Portable WiFi Pocket Router Able to Run Linux

        Based on a quad-core Cortex-A55 RK3568 chip, the LinkStar H68K is a portable pocket WiFi router that can also function as a media player.

        Home routers are a market with a wide range of devices and functions. However, now and then, models emerge that break the established mold, as is the case with the LinkStar H68K. So let’s see what difference has to offer.


        We’re not sure which of the two statements is correct – that the LinkStar H68K is a WiFi router with SBC (Single Board Computer) capabilities or vice versa – because the device is meant to combine both functions well enough.

      • Geeky GadgetsLinkStar H68K compact router and mini PC

        LinkStar-H68K is a new portable router and mini PC that can not only run Android and Linux operating systems but also features 4 x Ethernet interfaces offering users dual-2.5G and dual-1G in a compact form factor. Powered by a quad-core Cortex-A55 RK3568 chip the mini PC/router has been created to provide “great extensibility and media player functionality, functioning well both indoors and outdoors, whether for traveling or stationary” says LinkStar.

    • Open Hardware/Modding

      • Tom’s HardwareHow to Set Up RetroPie on Raspberry Pi 4 (or earlier) | Tom’s Hardware

        In the 1980s and 1990s, the arcades were the place to be. The latest games ate our quarters as we pursued ever higher scores. Those days are now sadly behind us but retro gaming has seen massive growth in the past decade.

        Using a Raspberry Pi, you can run a variety of emulators that allow you to play not only old-time arcade games, but also your favorite titles from tons of old consoles, including the Atari 2600, NES, Nintendo 64, Sega Genesis and Gameboy. There are a number of emulation platforms available, but RetroPie is by far the most popular and arguably the best.

      • Tom’s HardwareRaspberry Pi Creators Honored With Museum Fellowship | Tom’s Hardware

        Raspberry Pi’s Liz and Eben Upton, the chief marketing and communications officer and CEO of Raspberry Pi Ltd, respectively, have received honorary fellowships from the UK’s National Museum of Computing for their services to computer science.

      • Tom’s HardwareRaspberry Pi Hoverboard Project Rolls in for a Ride | Tom’s Hardware

        When it comes to tech, sometimes it’s just more fun to build the gadget yourself — and what better tool could you ask for than the Raspberry Pi? Maker and developer Orhan Günsal apparently had the same thought when devising this Raspberry Pi-powered hoverboard project. Not only is it Pi-powered, but it’s got additional features that take it to the next level with wireless support.

        This hoverboard is fitted with four wheels, each controlled by the Raspberry Pi using 250-watt motors. In a demo video of the project shared by Günsal, he shows off the mobility of his custom Pi-powered hoverboard using a web interface with a few pre-programmed control options.

      • ArduinoDIY vacuum gauge controller saves big money | Arduino Blog

        Measuring vacuum works in the same way as measuring any other gas pressure, because a perfect vacuum is unachievable and so it is a measure of how close to zero the air pressure inside a container becomes. But typical pressure gauges aren’t meant to measure pressures below ambient atmospheric pressure (vacuums). That requires special sensors and Advanced Tinkering built his own vacuum gauge controller to handle them.

        The vacuum sensors that Advanced Tinkering purchased were designed for use with a proprietary controller that costs thousands of dollars. The sensors don’t just send an analog signal corresponding to pressure level (which would be very easy to read), but also status information. Even with that added complexity, the proprietary controller is very expensive for what it is. Advanced Tinkering correctly assumed that he could replicate its functionality with affordable off-the-shelf hardware. The communication protocols for his sensors are well-defined in published documents, which made them much easier to work with.

    • Mobile Systems/Mobile Applications

  • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

    • AMD

    • Web Browsers/Web Servers

      • Chromium

        • WebRTC (Chromium): Year end report – Jan Grulich

          Although Wayland screen sharing is still not yet enabled by default in Chromium, which is what I hoped to achieve this year, I think I can say we are almost there and you can expect it sooner than later. Let’s summarize what we have accomplished this year to make this change happen…

      • Mozilla

        • ThunderbirdHelp Keep Thunderbird Alive and Thriving In 2023

          Since 2003, part of our mission has been giving you a customizable communication experience full of powerful features. The other part of Thunderbird’s mission is more personal: Respecting your privacy and putting you in control – not a corporation.

          We never show advertisements, and we never sell your data. That’s because Thunderbird is completely funded by gifts from generous people just like you. You keep this great software free, and you keep us thriving!

          But accomplishing this mission is expensive. Consistently improving Thunderbird and keeping it competitive means ensuring your security in a constantly changing landscape of mail providers. It means maintaining complex server infrastructure. It means fixing bugs and updating old code. It means striving for full accessibility and a refreshing, modern design.

        • Firefox Nightly: More improvements than can fit into this title – These Weeks in Firefox: Issue 127
        • MozillaImproving Firefox stability with this one weird trick – Mozilla Hacks – the Web developer blog

          The first computer I owned shipped with 128 KiB of RAM and to this day I’m still jarred by the idea that applications can run out of memory given that even 15-year-old machines often shipped with 4 GiB of memory. And yet it’s one of the most common causes of instability experienced by users and in the case of Firefox the biggest source of crashes on Windows.

          As such, at Mozilla, we spend significant resources trimming down Firefox memory consumption and carefully monitoring the changes. Some extra efforts have been spent on the Windows platform because Firefox was more likely to run out of memory there than on macOS or Linux. And yet none of those efforts had the impact of a cool trick we deployed in Firefox 105.

          But first things first, to understand why applications running on Windows are more prone to running out of memory compared to other operating systems it’s important to understand how Windows handles memory.

    • Productivity Software/LibreOffice/Calligra

      • Document FoundationWelcome Stéphane Guillou, new QA Analyst for LibreOffice – The Document Foundation Blog

        I am from France, with roots also in Peru, but lived for the last 10 years in Australia with my awesome little family before coming back to France. We now live in Alsace, close to the forest in the Vosges mountains.

        I studied plants, ecology and sustainability before working in agricultural research. I am still very passionate about plants and the environment, but my focus has moved towards supporting researchers in their data analysis, promoting Open Science principles and offering training about FLOSS research software, which I was able to do for the last 4 years at the University of Queensland’s Library, and before that as a certified instructor of the Carpentries organisation.

        I am passionate about sharing information about Open Science, and contributing data to the Commons. You can for example find me on other wonderful projects like OpenStreetMap, iNaturalist and MusicBrainz.

      • LWNWelcome Stéphane Guillou, new QA Analyst for LibreOffice (Document Foundation)

        The Document Foundation has announced the hiring of a quality-assurance analyst, bringing its staff up to 13 people.

    • Content Management Systems (CMS)

      • WordPressState of the Word 2022

        Mark your calendars; it’s almost time for State of the Word 2022!

        State of the Word is the annual keynote address delivered by the WordPress project’s co-founder, Matt Mullenweg. Every year, the event shares reflections on the project’s progress and the future of open source. Expect this and more in this year’s edition.

        This year’s event will take place in person in New York City and live-streamed via various WordPress.org social media platforms.

        Join Matt as he provides a retrospective of 2022, the latest WordPress releases, Site Editor advancements, and a return to in-person events around the globe, among other topics.

      • WordPressThe Month in WordPress – October 2022 – WordPress News

        With the end of the year fast approaching, the WordPress project has not slowed down. Read on to learn more about the latest major release, WordPress 6.1, and the State of the Word 2022 live event, among other exciting news. It’s time to catch up on all things WordPress!

    • FSFE

      • Daniel PocockMatthias Kirschner, FSFE: Plagiarism & Child labour in YH4F

        Their original announcement promised an award ceremony in June 2022. Many people noticed that June came and went and there was no news about the awards. It looks like they moved it to October. Why? Could it be because the ILO decided to call a week of action against child labour from 3 to 12 June 2022?.

        One of the most startling things in FSFE’s recent announcement is the obfuscation of the children’s names. While we can see the name of Kylie Minogue in the credits of her early TV appearances, we can’t see the names of the children who did unpaid work for FSFE. They only show the names of the children who won a prize and even then, FSFE only shows us their first names.

        Matthias Kirschner wants to be a middleman. If you use the code created by these children and if you want to make a donation then he wants you to give the money to him and not directly to the children who wrote the code. Obfuscating the names of the real authors in this way is very close to plagiarism.

        If you look at the FSFE staff list, none of the adult staff are developers. They are entirely dependent on children and volunteers to write code.

        An earlier report tells us that over 100 children registered for the program. We don’t know how many of those children started working on a project or how many hours each child worked. We only know 6 children received fixed-fee payments in the form of prizes at the end.

    • GNU and S/W Freedom

      • GNUGNU Parallel – News: GNU Parallel 20221122 (-#039;Херсо́н') released [Savannah]

        GNU Parallel 20221122 (‘Херсо́н’) has been released. It is available for download at: lbry://@GnuParallel:4

      • PurismWhat We Are Thankful For – Purism

        First and foremost, we are most thankful for you, our customers and supporters. It’s our customers that most directly allow us to continue our Social Purpose. Each purchase allows us to fund not just the hardware and the team that prepares and ships it, but a more significant amount of that purchase goes directly to fund free software development.

        People are generally willing to pay for hardware and services, and are generally less willing to pay for software, especially software under a Free Software license. So the way we fund free software is by selling premium hardware at a premium price, and directing much of the profits toward our software development team.

      • $104,759 pledged for software freedom! [Ed: That’s not even enough for half the salary of the chief!]

        We’re pleased to announce an ambitious match challenge for this fundraising season.

    • Programming/Development

      • Red HatPipenv and S2i: A better way to manage Python dependencies in containers | Red Hat Developer

        Managing the many libraries and packages used by an application is complex and has some hidden risks. The difficulties increase when you want to run an application in a container, because you need to manage a development environment when creating a different set of libraries and packages for the containerized application. This article discusses some of the common problems Python developers face when containerizing Python applications, and how Pipenv and Source-to-Image (S2I) can help to resolve those problems. We will build a simple Python application on the Red Hat OpenShift container platform using those tools.

      • Red Hat OfficialPython vs. Bash? Why not both with Python’s subprocess module | Enable Sysadmin

        Python’s subprocess module easily integrates Bash into your Python scripts.

      • Dirk EddelbuettelThinking inside the box

        A new package made it to CRAN today: spdl. It provides a very simple interface to spdlog with the key focus being that provides the same interface from both R and C++. I had brought spdlog to R a little while ago via RcppSpdlog, but its use was generally limited to C++ code where we would write something like (taken from one of the examples included in the package)…

      • MedevelBuild A Map-rich Apps with React and React Simple Maps

        React Simple Maps is a free open-source React Library that allows developer to add interactive colorful SVG maps in their applications.

      • Red HatHow I developed a faster Ruby interpreter | Red Hat Developer

        In this article, I will describe my efforts to implement a faster interpreter for CRuby, the Ruby language interpreter, using a dynamically specialized internal representation (IR). I believe this article will interest developers trying to improve the interpreter performance of dynamic programming languages (e.g., CPython developers).

  • Leftovers

    • Hardware

      • CNX SoftwareBedrock V3000 Basic fanless industrial computer is powered by an AMD Ryzen Embedded V3000 processor – CNX Software

        SolidRun Bedrock V3000 Basic is an industrial fanless computer based on the new AMD Ryzen Embedded V3000 Zen3 processor family designed for storage and networking applications.

        More specifically, the embedded computer is based on the AMD Ryzen Embedded V3C48 octa-core/sixteen-thread processor with up to 64 GB DDR5 memory, support for up to three M.2 key-M 2280 NVMe SSDs, and impressive network connectivity options with two SFP+ cages capable of 10 Gbps speeds, four 2.5GbE RJ45 ports, and optional support for WiFi 6, 4G and/o 5G cellular connectivity.


        Windows 10/11/IoT and Linux are supported, but the company says other x86 operating systems should work too.

    • Proprietary

      • IT WireiTWire – Nozomi researchers find 13 BMC firmware flaws in OT, IoT devices

        Security researchers at Nozomi Networks, a California firm devoted to industrial cyber security, have found 13 vulnerabilities in the firmware of baseboard management controllers on an expansion card made by a Taiwan-based company.

        The firmware in question was on an IAC-AST2500A expansion card and was based on a product from American Megatrends that is used by ASUS, Dell, HP, Lenovo, Gigabyte and Nvidia.

        The card is used in both operational technology and IoT devices and is made by Lanner. Five of the 13 vulnerabilities were found to be critical.

        The team said it had uncovered further vulnerabilities as well and would reveal these at a later date after consulting the vendor.

    • Linux Foundation

    • Security

      • UbuntuOpen source and cybersecurity: from prevention to recovery

        So you have just installed the latest antivirus and turned on your shiny new firewall. Now your organisation is fully secure, right?

        The reality is that all the security products in the world will never be able to fully protect your data centre or your business from security threats. Because of the asymmetry between attackers and enterprises, cybersecurity is a problem that can never be solved and is never going away. The key is to realise that the journey towards a healthy infrastructure is one that has a beginning but not an end.

        So what does a good cybersecurity strategy look like? While Canonical is not a cybersecurity vendor, we make sure countless organisations around the world are safe from potential attackers. As the first link in the software supply chain, we play a critical role here.

      • CISACISA Releases Eight Industrial Control Systems Advisories | CISA

        CISA has released eight (8) Industrial Control Systems (ICS) advisories on 22 November 2022. These advisories provide timely information about current security issues, vulnerabilities, and exploits surrounding ICS.

      • CISAAVEVA Edge [Ed: 9.8 out of 10 in severity. Microsoft TCO: "Windows UNC Share".]

        Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could allow an attacker to insert malicious DLL files and trick the application into executing code.

      • GoogleProject Zero: Mind the Gap

        In June 2022, Project Zero researcher Maddie Stone gave a talk at FirstCon22 titled 0-day In-the-Wild Exploitation in 2022…so far. A key takeaway was that approximately 50% of the observed 0-days in the first half of 2022 were variants of previously patched vulnerabilities. This finding is consistent with our understanding of attacker behavior: attackers will take the path of least resistance, and as long as vendors don’t consistently perform thorough root-cause analysis when fixing security vulnerabilities, it will continue to be worth investing time in trying to revive known vulnerabilities before looking for novel ones.

      • MacRumorsApple Device Analytics Contain Identifying iCloud User Data, Claim Security Researchers – MacRumors

        On Twitter, security researchers Tommy Mysk and Talal Haj Bakry have found that Apple’s device analytics data includes an iCloud account and can be linked directly to a specific user, including their name, date of birth, email, and associated information stored on iCloud.

      • Bruce SchneierApple’s Device Analytics Can Identify iCloud Users – Schneier on Security

        Apple was just sued for tracking iOS users without their consent, even when they explicitly opt out of tracking.

      • Privacy/Surveillance

        • Citizen LabMobility Data and Canadian Privacy Law Explained – The Citizen Lab

          In the report, we investigate the collection of mobility data by the federal government, its legality under the existing and proposed commercial privacy regime, and proposed recommendations for the reform of draft Bill C-27 which would address many of the issues in the governance of mobility data.

          The federal government obtained de-identified and aggregated mobility data from Telus and BlueDot, beginning as early as March 2020, but this only came to the public’s attention in December 2021. The Standing Committee on Access to Information, Ethics, and Privacy (ETHI) investigated this data collection and ultimately raised concerns about the federal government’s inadequate consultation with the Office of the Privacy Commissioner, the failure of the government to verify consent had been provided to collect or disclose the mobility information, the broad purposes for data collection, and the unclear timeline for the government’s retention of data.

          When we assessed the lawfulness of the collection of mobility data, we found that BlueDot and Telus likely complied with current private sector privacy legislation PIPEDA. Specifically, the de-identified information likely did not constitute personal information within the meaning of PIPEDA. This, however, led us to spotlight deficiencies in current privacy legislation.

        • Citizen LabMinding Your Business: A Critical Analysis of the Collection of De-identified Mobility Data and Its Use Under Socially Beneficial and Legitimate Business Exemptions in Canadian Privacy Law – The Citizen Lab

          The Government of Canada obtained de-identified and aggregated mobility data from private companies for the socially beneficial purpose of trying to understand and combat the spread of COVID-19. This collection began as early as March 2020, and the information was provided by Telus and BlueDot. It wasn’t until December 2021, after the government issued a request for proposals for cellular tower information that would extend the collection of mobility information, that the public became widely aware of the practice. Parliamentary meetings into the government’s collection of mobility data began shortly thereafter, and a key finding was that Canada’s existing privacy legislation is largely ineffective in managing the collection, use, and disclosure of data in a manner that recognizes the privacy rights of individuals. In spite of this finding, the federal government introduced Bill C-27: An Act to enact the Consumer Privacy Protection Act, the Personal Information and Data Protection Tribunal Act and the Artificial Intelligence and Data Act and to make consequential and related amendments to other Acts in June 2022 which, if passed into law, will fail to correct existing deficiencies in Canada’s federal commercial privacy law. In particular, Bill C-27 would make explicit that the government can continue collecting information, including mobility data from private organizations, so long as uses were socially beneficial and without clearly demarcating what will or will not constitute such uses in the future.

        • AccessNowPhone contracts should not bind survivors to abusers — SAFE Connections Act needed now

          The U.S. Senate passes the SAFE Connections Act, and the bill heads to President Biden’s desk to become law.

    • Environment

      • Energy

        • IT WireGovernment reaches deal with Greens on bill cutting EV prices

          The Federal Government has reached an agreement with the Greens to reduce the prices of electric and hybrid vehicles.

          A statement from the Greens said changes to the bill in question would mean that any cuts in prices for plug-in vehicles would end on 1 April 2025.

          Apart from this, the government also agreed to prioritise the use of zero-emission vehicles in its fleet.

          The law in question cuts the import tariffs for eligible vehicles and also removes the fringe benefits tax. The latter would make the purchase of these vehicles cheaper through packages provided by their employers.

          {loadposition sam08}Labor proposed the law on 1 May prior to the election. Estimates from the Electric Vehicle Council at the time claimed the cost of a $50,000 EV would drop by $2000 if the tariffs were cut and removing the fringe benefits tax would reduce costs by $9000.

    • Finance

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • AxiosTwitter tech glitches mount as staffers depart

        Waves of layoffs and departures from Twitter last week led many users to fear the service might face a sudden crash of some kind, as hashtags such as #RIPTwitter and #TwitterDown trended in the U.S.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • VOA NewsEthiopia Prepares to Host UN Internet Forum Amid Tigray Blackout

        Ethiopia is set to host the U.N.’s annual Internet Governance Forum later this month, despite an ongoing communications blackout in its war-damaged Tigray region. The government-imposed blackout in the Tigray region has left six million people without phone or internet access for nearly two years.

        The November 28 forum is expected to draw over 2,500 delegates to Addis Ababa, one of the largest international gathering in Ethiopia’s capital in years.

        Those not able to attend in person will be able to log in virtually to hear sessions dealing with topics such as “connecting all people” and “meaningful access” to the internet.

        People living in Tigray will not be tuning in, however. The northern region was subjected to one of the world’s tightest communications blackouts, when war broke out between the federal military and forces led by the Tigray People’s Liberation Front, or the TPLF, in November 2020.

        A peace deal struck earlier this month commits the federal government to restoring the services, but the blackout is still firmly in place.

    • Freedom of Information / Freedom of the Press

      • GizmodoWikiLeaks’ Website Is Falling Apart

        As Julian Assange faces extradition, his once prominent platform for government document reveals and data dumps has seen better days.


        Of the 65 internal links listed on the site’s central “Leaks” page, 20 were broken or led to error pages, according to Gizmodo’s assessment at the time of writing. The organization claimed, on its 10th anniversary, that it had released 10 million documents onto the internet. However, only around 3,000 were still available on the site this week, according to Daily Dot.


        Yet whatever problems the site and non-profit have been reckoning with over the past few years appear to have multiplied this month. WikiLeaks’ homepage has been down because of server errors more often in Nov. 2022 than any other time in the past 12 years, based on the Wayback Machine’s archive of data.

        Additionally, sometime between Nov. 10 and Nov. 21, Defend WikiLeaks, a site once dedicated to fundraising for Assange’s legal fees and advocating for his release, was usurped by a Vietnamese sports blog and/or a Japanese fashion blog. For a time, the same Japanese blog page showed up at the URL for the Courage Foundation—a related whistleblower fundraising site, as pointed out by the Daily Dot.

        In contrast, WikiLeak’s Twitter page remains very active, mostly tweeting out posts in support of Assange. Gizmodo reached out to WikiLeaks’ Twitter via DMs to get more information about the org’s website, but the account holder didn’t immediately respond.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • IT WireAsia-Pac telcos selling towers to ease financial strain, claims S&P

        Telecommunications providers in the Asia-Pacific region are increasingly turning to selling towers to ease the financial strain they are under, the global ratings agency S&P Global Ratings says in a research note.

        The company said it believed the sales made sense both for the telcos and the tower specialists who bought the assets.

        The revenue raised by such sales provided breathing space for telcos whose balance sheets were stretched by years of heavy capital expenditure, S&P said.

        It pointed out that telcos’ earnings had not kept pace with the increased costs of upgrading to more advanced networks.

    • Monopolies

      • IT WireUK to investigate Apple, Google dominance in mobile browsers, cloud gaming

        The UK competition regulator has confirmed it is investigating the dominance enjoyed by Apple and Google in cloud gaming and mobile browsers.

        The Competition and Markets Authority said in a statement on Tuesday it had launched a consultation in June as to whether it should conduct such an investigation and had now received wide support to go ahead.

        The consultation followed the publication of a Mobile Ecosystem Market Study report which found that Apple and Google enjoy a duopoly “on mobile ecosystems that allows them to exercise a stranglehold over operating systems, app stores and web browsers on mobile devices”.

      • Copyrights

        • Public Domain ReviewDisplaying the Dead: The Musée Dupuytren Catalogue – The Public Domain Review

          When Paris’ infamous museum of anatomical pathology closed its doors in 2016, a controversial collection disappeared from view. Daisy Sainsbury explores the history of the Musée Dupuytren, and asks what an ethical future might look like for the human specimens it held.

        • Public Domain ReviewThe Tanzmasken of Lavinia Schulz and Walter Holdt (ca. 1924) – The Public Domain Review

          In January 1924, a German studio photographer of some status, Minya Diéz-Dührkoop, took portraits of a young avant-garde artist couple, Lavinia Schulz (1896–1924) and her husband Walter Holdt (1899–1924). The photos are unusual, partly because the couple’s faces are never visible, and partly because the costumes they’re wearing are so bizarre: Grandiose, but also earthy and oddball — a brigade of science fiction bogeymen, homespun.

          Schulz and Holdt made these costumes for dancing; they performed under the name Die Maskentänzer (The Mask Dancers). The outfits are more sculpture than clothing, and they entirely swallow up the wearer. Some suggest a mongrel collision of characters — a buggy-eyed insect meets a jester meets a bearded tomato — and others allude to zippy motion, with eyeballs cartoonishly pulling off the face. Wires poke out and wooden blocks dangle, a bridge seesaws from shoulder to shoulder. Many of the geometric silhouettes defy anatomy; hands, feet, and heads are all boxed in, with no apparent exit. The bright, discordant colors were apparently chosen based on esoteric rules. Remarkably, Schulz and Holdt’s craftsmanship, especially the sewing, keeps pace with their imaginative reach.

  • Gemini* and Gopher

    • Technical

      • Returning to 80-character line widths

        After years of passively advocating for 115-column lines in source code, I’ve recently moved back to openly advocating for 80-column limits.
        This seems pedantic and tech-y enough to be fit for a gemlog post so here we go.

        The main argument for column limits in general are that excessively long lines of text are difficult to read (because we have human eyes), and enforcing a standard makes code less difficult to follow specifically because of uniformity in program structure. There are more niche reasons to prefer or oppose hard limits, but the main argument against them is that modern computers have very large screens so artificially shrinking code’s horizontal width is less efficient, because it pushes complexity into the vertical expanse.

      • Federating with the Devil

        I’m going to assume consequentialist outlook, because I’m a consequentialist, and because other schools of ethical thought have no ability to measure anything other than book-sales.

        I also want to avoid the temptation to consider what ‘the fediverse’ should do, because there is no such place or person – the choices will be made by individual administrators, I have to assume that some administrators will federate, and others won’t. Even if we could all achieve something amazing by working together, it doesn’t mean that individual servers should do it – everyone instance makes the choice alone.

      • Slowing the Terminal

        The original terminal interface let you type to the computer in a type-writer, and the computer would type back – no screen required, just typed-text. Since then, computers have become so fast that no human could possibly read the text spat back out at the user.

        I don’t think proper distinctions have been made with a lot of this text. Should I read the output of and update? In this case, is the interface assuming that I should scroll up and read from the top, since nobody could possibly read the real-time output? In this case, should the terminal not have a maximum character limit which guarantees that you can read the output? Or some way to ensure that no more than 3,000 lines of text come out?

      • Mastodon Users, You can Help Open Source

        With the new wave of users to Mastodon, the conversations online have been a little more meta than usual. There are about a million people coming over all having a brand new experience. This also means a lot of posts asking “What is this?”, “How do I do X?”, and “Why can’t I do Y? Twitter let me do Y.” The community is doing a good job responding, throwing out help when possible. But the benefit and bane of open source projects is there are a ton of different user interfaces and they all do things slightly different.

        Just like the community you find in the service, there is a community of developers who create the apps and services you use. The nice thing about open source is you the user have a direct line to the developers. You can provide bug reports. You can provide feature requests. If the documentation is lacking, you can easily provide support by making it better. And of course, you can toss them a few bucks to thank them and help keep their lights on. Below I’ve compiled a list of links to many of the projects so that you can easily let the developers know what is broken and what can be done better.

      • Announcements

        • Toe 0.2 release

          Some of the recent changes to Agis had application to Toe as well, with minor changes. Toe now shuts down gracefully when receiving sigint, sigterm, etc. I’ve also done some general code cleanup and housekeeping.

        • Agis 0.4 release

          I release version 0.4 of Agis this evening. This release adds a number of new features as well as greater stability. Agis has been serving this capsule over the Spartan protocol for the past six months.

* Gemini (Primer) links can be opened using Gemini software. It’s like the World Wide Web but a lot lighter.

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