Links 27/11/2022: Rocky Linux 9.1 Released

Posted in News Roundup at 3:06 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • Tux Digital57: Open Source Contributions – Podcasts – TuxDigital

        Bill, Brandon, and Neal get together to expand on why corporate contributions to open source matter and the unintended benefits or consequences. Make sure to check out Destination Linux 300!

      • VideoMy Thoughts On JetBrains Fleet – Invidious

        JetBrains Fleet is the newest editor in the editor arms race. It’s paid though, but also pretty good, so who knows, maybe it’s a good option? My thoughts in this video.

      • VideoSFPD Planning on Deadly Force Robots – Invidious

        This week in Business News, Mercedes plans a subscription for acceleration and Tesla wants chaos on the roads. Also, Alexa is losing money, iCloud photos leak into other people’s accounts, and San Francisco looks to use robots capable of deadly force…what could go wrong?

    • Kernel Space

      • Linux driver patch suggests AMD Dragon Range and Phoenix APUs will feature RDNA 3 integrated graphics | KitGuru

        The Phoenix APUs should end up being known as the Ryzen 7040 series, while Dragon Range APUs will be the Ryzen 7045 series. The former will be aimed at mainstream laptops and ultrabooks featuring a 35-45W TDP, and the latter will feature a 55W TDP (or higher), aimed at gaming laptops and portable workstations. Another difference between the two types of chips is memory support. While Phoenix will run alongside LPDDR5 memory, Dragon Range will be paired with DDR5 memory.

        Some rumours claimed that the RDNA 3 iGPU in the Phoenix APU could offer RTX 3060-level performance, which would be impressive, to say the least. We don’t know when these APUs will be officially announced, but CES is right around the corner, so we might hear more on this during the event.

    • Applications

      • 9to5LinuxqBittorrent 4.5 Released with Faster Startup When Using Many Torrents, New Themes

        Coming more than ten months after qBittorrent 4.4, the qBittorrent 4.5 release appears to be an exciting release for fans of this open-source BitTorrent client as it introduces a new icon and color themes, new color palettes for both dark and light themes, better startup time when using many torrents, support for custom SMTP ports, file name filter/blacklist, and port forwarding option for the embedded tracker.

      • Red HatDrogue Cloud: Release 0.11.0

        This release is another release with a focus on improving existing functionality. The reason for this is simple: it works just fine. True, there is always room for improvement, but also to build upon what is there, so maybe, read on …

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • Data SwampAutomatic prompt to unlock remote encrypted partitions

        I have remote systems that only have /home as encrypted partitions, the reason is it ease a lot of remote management without a serial access, it’s not ideal if you have critical files but in my use case, it’s good enough.

        In this blog post, I’ll explain how to get the remote system to prompt you the unlocking passphrase automatically when it boots. I’m using OpenBSD in my example, but you can achieve the same with Linux and cryptsetup (LUKS), if you want to push the idea on Linux, you could do this from the initramfs to unlock your root partition.

      • Paolo MelchiorrePaolo Melchiorre – Resize a video with FFmpeg for Mastodon

        Last week I attended the Ubuntu Summit 2022 in Prague (Czech Republic) and as for other conferences I shared some moments live on Mastodon.

        At the start of day three Noah Alorwu animated the audience with a fun little dance which I filmed, but when I tried to upload the file to a post, Mastodon gave me an error message.

      • AddictiveTips[Older] How to upgrade to Ubuntu 22.10

        Ubuntu 22.10 is out, and with it comes Gnome 43, Linux 5.19, new drivers, patches, fixes, and more. This guide will show you how to upgrade your Ubuntu system to the latest release.

      • Make Use OfHow to Find and Change Your DNS Server on Linux

        DNS servers are one of the most basic yet crucial parts of the internet infrastructure. Whenever you type a domain name into your browser, a DNS server translates that name into an IP (Internet Protocol) address. Your browser then uses that address to locate and connect to the site you want to visit.

        Although your internet service provider automatically sets your DNS servers when you connect to the internet, their servers might not be the best choice for your needs. Here’s how you can change your DNS server on Linux.

      • Ubuntu Pit40 Best Linux Commands Cheat Sheet for Linux Admin [Ed: This page updates today]

        Having access to thousands of Linux commands is great for the command-line interface, but it’s difficult for users to remember them all. In this case, a cheat sheet would be extremely helpful in providing quick guidance on completing everyday tasks. Although the Linux commands cheat sheet doesn’t have much detail, it is still a great resource for newbies who want to learn the ins and outs of the Linux Terminal commands. Collect these PDF files of the Linux commands cheat sheet so you can be a pro in no time!

      • ByteXDHow to Transfer Files Between Two Servers Using Rsync

        As a system administrator or a regular Linux user, there are times when you need to transfer files between two servers or two Linux desktop systems.

      • LXerHow to compile and use the Lua powered Mako Server

        The Mako Server provides a compact and efficient Lua web framework and non-blocking asynchronous sockets in a tiny ready to run application server package. The Mako Server is a good fit for embedded Linux systems such as the Raspberry Pi. Lua is a powerful and fast programming language that is easy to learn and use.

      • Trend OceansHow to Show Security Warning Message to Unauthorized SSH Users – TREND OCEANS

        To prevent unauthorized access, you can show a security warning message to those users (ex: hackers) and let them know the aftermath.

      • ID RootHow To Install Firewalld on Rocky Linux 9 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Firewalld on Rocky Linux 9. For those of you who didn’t know, Firewalld is a firewall service daemon that provides a dynamic customizable host-based firewall with a D-Bus interface. In addition, the program offers a variety of other features that make it a valuable tool for keeping your system secure, including the ability to create custom rules and view detailed log files.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Firewalld on Rocky Linux. 9.

      • peppe8oSD card with Arduino Uno: Wiring Diagram and Code

        Learning to use an SD card module with Arduino and store the data on SD card. The write and read with the SD is performed.

    • Games

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • OMG UbuntuMake GNOME Calendar, Clock Icons Show Actual Date and Time

          Well, a brand new GNOME extension allows them to EXACTLY that!

          It’s called ‘Dynamic Calendar and Clocks Icons’ (sic) and adds dynamic, updating app icons for the GNOME Calendar and the GNOME Clocks apps. The Calendar app icons updates daily to reflect the day, month, and date, while the Clocks icons convey’s the current time through an easy-to-read analog face.

          This extension works with both any icons set, including Ubuntu’s Yaru icon set. While the ‘dynamic’ icons are NOT the same as the icons they replace, they don’t look that out of place with Yaru of the Adwaita icon set. Against more stylised icon packs I imagine they’ll look more conspicuous.

  • Distributions and Operating Systems

  • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

    • Events

    • Web Browsers/Web Servers

      • Mozilla

        • Bryan LundukeFirefox version 107 – by Bryan Lunduke

          The latest version of Firefox could be, quite possibly, their most boring release they’ve ever had. Especially considering how ridiculous and amusing their previous version was.

    • Programming/Development

      • Nicholas Tietz-SokolskyRC Week 9: Parallels of Proofs and Programs | nicholas@web

        I have three weeks left at Recurse Center. This last week was significantly less productive for me than usual, because I’ve been pretty fatigued and just recovered from a cold. But I still got some work done that I’m proud of. More than that, I’m excited for the coming three weeks!

        This week I was mostly fatigued all week, so I didn’t do very much coding. In spite of that, I made some really good progress on IsabellaDB through some pairing sessions! A friend reminded me that a few years ago I was deeply skeptical of pair programming (I knew it worked for some people, but I was convinced I was not one of those people). This week cemented what I learned earlier in batch: Pair programming is a highly effective tool for getting work done. It’s not an all-the-time thing for me, and it’s highly dependent on having the right pair for the right problem, but it’s a great time.

        Through pairing this week, I was able to finish out both a basic move explorer (show the list of legal moves, click one to make that move) and finish out my sparse bitmap implementation. This lays the groundwork for the more interesting features I am building with IsabellaDB. Next up is displaying win/loss/draw percents in an opening tree so you can explore openings. After that, building some filters to explore openings for a certain subset of games (played in the last 12 months, etc.). And then after that, I’ll generalize it to be a query engine over all the games so you can do things like search for sequences of positions (want to see how often the Caro-Kann transposes into a French Defense?) or features of positions/games (want to find all the Botez Gambits?).

      • Data Science TutorialsHow to do Pairwise Comparisons in R? – Data Science Tutorials

        How to do Pairwise Comparisons in R, To evaluate if there is a statistically significant difference between the means of three or more independent groups, a one-way ANOVA is utilized.

      • Learning Data Science: Predictive Maintenance with Decision Trees – Learning Machines

        “openEO is an open source, community-based API for cloud-based processing of Earth Observation data. This blog introduces the R openeo client, and demonstrates a sample analysis using the openEO Platform for processing.” https://www.r-bloggers.com/2022/11/processing-large-scale-satellite-imagery-with-openeo-platform-and-r/

      • RlangProcessing large scale satellite imagery with openEO Platform and R | R-bloggers

        openEO is an open source, community-based API for cloud-based processing of Earth Observation data. This blog introduces the R openeo client, and demonstrates a sample analysis using the openEO Platform for processing.

      • Whisperings in the Academy – Weird Data Science

        The noblest of human endeavours is to enlighten the uninitiated consciousness; to bare its awareness before the endless and terrifying vistas that lie beyond darkness and ignorance.

        In pursuit of such necessarily painful revelations the Oxford Internet Insitute at the University of Oxford — the unwitting host on which the investigations here parasitise — recently hosted an inaugural Halloween lecture. This oration drew on several years of dark explorations chronicled in this blog, to inculcuate into a new generation of unprepared and curious minds the horror and necessity of subjecting our reality to the insidious power of statistical science. Through what seems a dangerously careless oversight, this brief glimpse of truth was recorded and made available for posterity.

      • Andrew HealeyCodeGuessr — Andrew Healey

        I recently shipped CodeGuessr. It’s like GeoGuessr .. but for code. Given a random code snippet, you have to guess which popular open source project it belongs to.

      • Xe’s BlogSite Update: Version 3.0

        When I ported my website from Go to Rust back in 2020 I needed a library like Go’s html/template to template out the HTML that my site uses. At the time there were many options I could pick from, but I ended up choosing ructe because it would compile the templates into my application binary instead of having to ship those with my website. This also means that the optimizer can chew through my templates and make them even faster than html/template. Native code will always be faster than interpreted code.

        This worked for a while, but I started running into ergonomics problems as I continued to use ructe. The great part about ructe is that because the templates are compiled to Rust anyways, you can use any Rust logic or types you want. The horrible part about ructe is that your editor autocomplete and type checking logic doesn’t work. Debugging compile failures of your templates requires that you understand how the generated code works. This isn’t really as much of an issue as I’m making it sound like, but it’s a papercut nonetheless.

      • Perl / Raku

      • Rust

        • Amos WengerCleaning up and upgrading third-party crates

          Typically, you’d want a production application to use a stable version of Rust. At the time of this writing, that’s Rust 1.65.0, which stabilizes a bunch of long-awaited features (GATs, let-else, MIR inlining, split debug info, etc.).

        • Amos WengerMigrating from warp to axum

          Back when I wrote this codebase, warp was the best / only alternative for something relatively high-level on top of hyper.

          I was never super fond of warp’s model — it’s a fine crate, just not for me.

        • Amos WengerDeploying at the edge

          One thing I didn’t really announce (because I wanted to make sure it worked before I did), is that I’ve migrated my website over completely from a CDN (Content Delivery Network) to an ADN (Application Delivery Network), and that required some architectural changes.

  • Leftovers

    • Jim NielsenObscure Things Power the Imagination – Jim Nielsen’s Blog

      I’ve been reading Walter Isaacson’s biography on Leonardo Da Vinci. A master at marrying observation with imagination, Da Vinci would mindfully notice and observe things that most people gloss over. Soaking them in, his imagination would alight with what other people deemed the minutiae of everyday life.

    • Security

      • Privacy/Surveillance

        • CoryDoctorowTax prep services send sensitive financial info to Facebook

          If you were unfortunate enough to e-file your US tax using HR Block, Taxact or Taxslayer, your most sensitive financial information was nonconsensually shared with Facebook, where it was added to the involuntary dossier the company maintains billions of people, including people who don’t have Facebook accounts.

          A blockbuster investigative report from The Markup and The Verge reveals that major tax-prep services illegally embedded the Facebook tracking pixel in their sites, configured so that it transmitted as much data as possible to the surveillance giant.

        • CoryDoctorowUniversities secretly sold their students to online casinos

          Beyond academics having to rely on food-stamps, students going into lifetime debt to enrich predatory textbook monopolies, and the other horrors of financialized higher ed, there’s the special evil of college sports.

          Like all finance-bro motivated reasoning, college sports are sold as a way to do well by doing good: “Look! We’re giving poor people a chance at a great education based on their physical prowess, and we’re racking up tons of money for the university!”

          But – like all finance schemes – college sports is a self-licking ice-cream cone that destroys the lives of the people who generate value for it, even as it devours its host institution from within.

    • Environment

      • Michael West MediaThrough hell and high water: Torres Strait Islanders fight for their home 

        The people of the Torres Strait Islands may soon be forced to leave their homelands if nothing is done to stop increasingly frequent catastrophic weather events and rising sea levels, writes James Fitzgerald Sice.

        When the time comes, Jennifer Enosa wants to be buried with her ancestors on her home island of Saibai. She wants a headstone that future generations can read. But with rising tides, she knows this might not happen.

        Enosa is an Ait woman from the Koedal (crocodile) clan of Saibai in the Torres Strait Islands. She is a senior broadcaster at the Torres Strait Islander Media Association (4MW) and has worked in the media industry for over 30 years.
        Enosa speaks with pride of her connection to Saibai. To her, it is more than a place: it’s an integral part of her identity.

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

    • Censorship/Free Speech

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • BBCChina Covid: Angry protests at giant iPhone factory in Zhengzhou – BBC News

        Protests have erupted at the world’s biggest iPhone factory in the Chinese city of Zhengzhou, according to footage circulated widely online.
        Videos show hundreds of workers marching, with some confronted by people in hazmat suits and riot police.
        Those livestreaming the protests said workers were beaten by police. Videos also showed clashes.
        Manufacturer Foxconn said it would work with staff and local government to prevent further violence.
        In its statement, the firm said some workers had doubts about pay but that the firm would fulfil pay based on contracts.
        It also described as “patently untrue” rumours that new recruits were being asked to share dormitories with workers who were Covid-positive.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • Lost something? Search through 91.7 million files from the ’80s, ’90s, and 2000s | Ars Technica

        Today, tech archivist Jason Scott announced a new website called Discmaster that lets anyone search through 91.7 million vintage computer files pulled from CD-ROM releases and floppy disks. The files include images, text documents, music, games, shareware, videos, and much more.

        The quest to save today’s gaming history from being lost forever
        Discmaster opens a window into digital media culture around the turn of the millennium, turning anyone into a would-be digital archeologist. It’s a rare look into a slice of cultural history that is often obscured by the challenges of obsolete media and file format incompatibilities.

    • Monopolies

      • Copyrights

        • Barry HessBefore They Were Huge :: Barry Hess :: bjhess.com

          I saw Nelly Furtado at some venue that I don’t think exists any more. (I looked it up, it was The Quest.) The club was probably First-Avenue sized. It was one of those “book a ticket, then she blew up, now the venue is way too small” situations. There were lines around the block to get in. My memory says she was sick for the performance, but she still performed pretty well.

          Same as Nelly Furtado, I picked up a pair of Mumford & Sons tickets at First Avenue before they exploded. By the time we saw them they could have sold out an arena, I think. My wife was seven months pregnant with our third. She generally hates going to standing club shows as she’s short and claustrophobic. Luckily we found a place in the balcony where she could somewhat see, we weren’t crowded, and she got a back rub from me for the whole show. Other memorable things included the couple next to us dressed up for Halloween/their wedding that night, another older couple seemingly there because their recently-deceased son was a huge fan, and the PA system going out mid-show with the band handling it amazingly well, singing several a cappella songs with the crowd supporting.

* Gemini (Primer) links can be opened using Gemini software. It’s like the World Wide Web but a lot lighter.

Links 27/11/2022: Pinafore Born

Posted in News Roundup at 10:06 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • DebugPointDebugPoint Weekly Roundup #22.14: Lunar Lobster Daily Build, Asahi Linux Updates + More

      We present the weekly roundup #22.14 featuring FOSS and tech updates across the web.

      Welcome to the DebugPoint Weekly roundup #22.14 where you can find all the happenings from this week, mainly from the Linux and open-source space.

      This week mostly concentrates on a bunch of key updates across Linux distributions and desktops. A few application updates as well. Mostly a mundane week, considering the Thanksgiving holidays.

      Here’s what happened this week.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • uni TorontoMoving our /var/mail to be local on our IMAP server has gone very well

        We have been operating our Unix environment for a very long time, and as a result we’ve accumulated what are now historical curiosities. One of them is that we put everyone’s inboxes in a traditional /var/mail setup (including having them in mbox format), although almost all of our people now read their email only over IMAP. For a long time this /var/mail filesystem lived on our normal NFS fileservers, and the IMAP server accessed it over NFS, the same as everyone else (for example, our central mail server). Periodically we observed various things on the IMAP server, such as oddly elevated load averages, and certainly we had at least the perception that IMAP INBOX performance was periodically not great. Eventually we decided to try to improve things by making the IMAP server into another fileserver, with /var/mail local to it.

      • EarthlyUsing Portainer for Docker Container Management

        Docker’s CLI and API are powerful tools, but they can be unwieldy when you’re working with large container fleets or looking for a more visual experience. Portainer, a web-based Docker management system that provides a convenient graphical user interface (GUI), lets you take charge of your containers, images, volumes, and other resources, without memorizing long terminal commands.

      • Duncan LockAutomatically Publishing a Blogroll from an OPML File

        Inspired by a discussion the other day on HackerNews, I wrote a little script that asks Miniflux for a list of my feeds in OPML format and turns it into an AsciiDoc page, which I publish on here, as my BlogRoll & Links page: [...]

      • DebugPointHow to Create WiFi Hotspot in Ubuntu

        This quick guide explains how to create a WiFi Hotspot in Ubuntu (all supported versions).

        Internet connection sharing is not new. It was available as an operating system feature for some time. In Windows 10 or 11, creating a Hotspot with just a click of a button in Settings is straightforward.

        In Linux Systems, particularly in Ubuntu-based systems, it was a bit tricky from the beginning. However, in recent Ubuntu 22.04 LTS – it is very straightforward, and you can quickly set up your WiFi hotspot from a desktop/laptop.

    • Games

      • Andre Alves GarziaTroika Pocketfold Character Sheet

        I’ve just released a pocketfold-based character sheet for Troika! RPG game. Pocketfold is a remix of Pocketmod which is a foldable design that allows you to create cute booklets. Pocketfold is in my opinion specially suitable for creating character sheets as you can design it in a way that make accessing relevant information easy while still being pocket-friendly.

      • HackadayLEDs Put New Spin On A Sonic The Hedgehog Costume

        [Wentworthm] couldn’t say no to his son’s plea for a Sonic the Hedgehog costume for Halloween but also couldn’t resist sprucing it up with LEDs either. The end result is a surprisingly cool light up Sonic the Hedgehog costume.

  • Distributions and Operating Systems

    • BSD

      • Data SwampPinafore: a light Mastodon web client

        This blog post is for Mastodon users who may not like the official Mastodon web interface. It has a lot of features, but it’s using a lot of CPU and requires a large screen.


        This being said, Pinafore doesn’t target minimalism either, it needs javascript and a modern web browser.

      • Ruben SchadeRubenerd: From Tokyo one evening

        Back in January 2020 the biggest source of travel frustration in Australia was cancelled flights. That day, I’d flown up from Sydney to the Gold Coast in Queensland to present at the inaugural FreeBSD track at Linux.conf.au, and didn’t grant the travel second thought. It seems like another time ago, and one we won’t ever quite go back to.

    • Devices/Embedded

      • CNX SoftwareBrume 2 router review with WireGuard, OpenVPN, Tor, and Adguard Home

        We started the review of GL.inet GL-MT2500A security gateway, aka Brume 2, with an unboxing and teardown, and I’ve now had time to test the router in more detail so I’ll report my experience using the router with OpenVPN and WireGuard VPN, Tor, Adguard Home, and more. In a nutshell, it’s super easy to use, unless your ISP causes troubles, which it did in this case.


        … and I got the Microsoft unusual activity…


        The model I received is the GL-MT2500A with a metal enclosure, but I’m not convinced the $20 extra it costs is worth it compared to the lighter GL-MT2500 with a plastic case. The company did not bother adding a thermal pad on the processor to use the metal case as a heatsink since based on their testing it was not necessary. For reference, the enclosure temperature was around 40°C in a round with an ambient temperature of around 28°C.

    • Open Hardware/Modding

      • Ken ShirriffA bug fix in the 8086 microprocessor, revealed in the die’s silicon

        The 8086 microprocessor was a groundbreaking processor introduced by Intel in 1978. It led to the x86 architecture that still dominates desktop and server computing. While reverse-engineering the 8086 from die photos, a particular circuit caught my eye because its physical layout on the die didn’t match the surrounding circuitry. This circuit turns out to implement special functionality for a couple of instructions, subtlely changing the way they interacted with interrupts. Some web searching revealed that this behavior was changed by Intel in 1978 to fix a problem with early versions of the 8086 chip. By studying the die, we can get an idea of how Intel dealt with bugs in the 8086 microprocessor.

  • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

    • Programming/Development

      • PHP version 8.0.26 and 8.1.13 – Remi’s RPM repository – Blog

        RPMs of PHP version 8.1.13 are available in remi-modular repository for Fedora ≥ 35 and Enterprise Linux ≥ 8 (RHEL, Alma, CentOS, Rocky…) and in remi-php81 repository for EL 7.

        RPMs of PHP version 8.0.26 are available in remi-modular repository for Fedora ≥ 35 and Enterprise Linux ≥ 8 (RHEL, Alma, CentOS, Rocky…) and in remi-php80 repository for EL 7.

      • Sean ConnerYou can program functionally in any computer language

        A few days ago I wrote a comment on The Orange Site that seemed to strike a chord there. The comment was about applying a few principles of functional programming in any language (well, maybe not BASIC from the 70s or 80s, but these versions of BASIC aren’t used much these days). There’s no need for functional application, functional composition, first class functions, monads, (“Monads! How do they work?”) or even currying. No, I feel like you can get about 85% of the way to functional programming by following three simple principles.

      • Daniel LemireMaking all your integers positive with zigzag encoding

        You sometimes feel the need to make all of your integers positive, without losing any information. That is, you want to map all of your integers from ‘signed’ integers (e.g., -1, 1, 3, -3) to ‘unsigned integers’ (e.g., 3,2,6,7). This could be useful if you have a fast function to compress integers that fails to work well for negative integers.

      • Lex Fridman#341 – Guido van Rossum: Python and the Future of Programming

        Guido van Rossum is the creator of Python programming language. [...]

      • RObservations #43 : Control Individual Label Positions In mapBliss With `_flex()` Functions

        After introducing the mapBliss package to the world, I was pleased to see that people started using it and were experimenting with making their own map art! On Github, the package got a few stars, some issues opened/closed and some improvements have been made since my last blog on the topic.

      • Carlos BeckerAnnouncing GoReleaser v1.13 — the November release

        Like the previous 2 releases, this is a beefy one: over 100 commits from 15 contributors!

  • Leftovers

    • Terence EdenStarting Up Vs Staying On

      A few years ago, I had a chance to work with an exciting tech startup. They had just become 5 years old. The day I went for an interview, about a dozen of the founding members announced they were quitting. Including the CEO.

    • HackadayHuman Vs. AI Drone Racing At The University Of Zurich

      [Thomas Bitmatta] and two other champion drone pilots visited the Robotics and Perception Group at the University of Zurich. The human pilots accepting the challenge to race drones against Artificial Intelligence “pilots” from the UZH research group.

    • Science

      • The ConversationArtemis: why it may be the last mission for Nasa astronauts

        Advances in robotic exploration are exemplified by the suite of rovers on Mars, where Perseverance, Nasa’s latest prospector, can drive itself through rocky terrain with only limited guidance from Earth. Improvements in sensors and artificial intelligence (AI) will further enable the robots themselves to identify particularly interesting sites, from which to gather samples for return to Earth.

        Within the next one or two decades, robotic exploration of the Martian surface could be almost entirely autonomous, with human presence offering little advantage. Similarly, engineering projects – such as astronomers’ dream of constructing a large radio telescope on the far side of the Moon, which is free of interference from Earth – no longer require human intervention. Such projects can be entirely constructed by robots.

      • HackadayTesla Coil Makes Sodium Plasma

        Looking for a neat trick to do with your Tesla coil? [The Action Lab] uses his coil to make a metal plasma — in particular, sodium. You can see the results in the video below.

    • Education

      • Survivors Are Preserving the Dark History of Native Boarding Schools – Mother Jones

        Six-year-old Phyllis Webstand wore an orange shirt to her first day of school. It was shiny, she remembers, and laced up the front—more importantly, it was a gift from her granny.

        At the St. Joseph’s Mission Residential School in Williams Lake, British Columbia, it was taken from her, as were all the personal belongings she had known and loved. None were ever returned. That year, 1973, Webstand became one of hundreds of thousands of Indigenous children in Canada and the US to suffer at state-run and religious boarding schools designed to assimilate by force. In the words of Richard Henry Pratt, the first superintendent of the infamous Carlisle Indian School, it was possible to “kill the Indian in him, and save the man,” often by coercive conversion to Christianity and the forbidding of Native language. Physical and sexual abuse were common.

    • Hardware

      • Linux GizmosIoT Gateway equipped with i.MX8M Plus processor and dual GbE ports

        Earlier this month, AAEON released an IoT Gateway targeting industrial edge gateway applications, Industry 4.0 and machine learning applications. The SRG-IMX8P is equipped with two GbE ports, 2x CAN-FD, 2x RS232/422/485 and support for wireless connectivity.

      • HackadayTurn Your Furniture Into A Light Show With Hyelicht

        There’s something about the regimented square shapes of the IKEA Kallax shelf that convinced [Eike Hein] it could benefit from some RGB LED lighting, and while he could have simply used a commercial solution, he decided instead to develop Hyelicht: an incredibly well documented open source lighting system featuring multiple control interfaces and APIs. We’d say it was overkill, but truth be told, we dream of a world where everyone takes their personal projects to this level.

      • HackadayBlackout Logger Keeps Track Of Power Outages

        [Dmytro Panin] lives in Kyiv, Ukraine where there have been rolling blackouts to stabilize the power grid. To help keep track of when the blackouts might happen, be they planned or emergency, and to get more information on how long the blackouts last, [Dmytro] has created a blackout logger.

      • HackadayDefeating A Cryptoprocessor With Laser Beams

        Cryptographic coprocessors are nice, for the most part. These are small chips you connect over I2C or One-Wire, with a whole bunch of cryptographic features implemented. They can hash data, securely store an encryption key and do internal encryption/decryption with it, sign data or validate signatures, and generate decent random numbers – all things that you might not want to do in firmware on your MCU, with the range of attacks you’d have to defend it against. Theoretically, this is great, but that moves the attack to the cryptographic coprocessor.

      • HackadayMagic Mirror – On A Low CPU Budget

        For quite a few hackers out there, it’s still hard to find a decently powerful Raspberry Pi for a non-eye-watering price. [Rupin Chheda] wanted to build a magic mirror with a web-based frontend, and a modern enough Raspberry Pi would’ve worked just fine. Sadly, all he could get was single-1 GHz-core 512MB-RAM Zero W boards, which he found unable to run Chromium well enough given the stock Raspbian Desktop install, let alone a webserver alongside it. Not to give up, [Rupin] gives us a step-by-step breakdown on creating a low-footprint Raspbian install showing a single webpage.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

    • Proprietary

      • RTL188,000 WhatsApp accounts [cracked] in Luxembourg

        In Belgium, 3,188,584 numbers were [cracked], in France 19,848,559, and in Portugal 2,277,361. For the time being, it is unknown how the data was obtained, but it is currently for sale.

    • Security

    • Defence/Aggression

      • Pro PublicaThe Military Pledged to Remove Unexploded Bombs From This Island. Native Hawaiians Are Still Waiting.

        For the better part of two years, Liliu Ross had lived in a one-room tin-roofed shack in the rural outer reaches of Hawaii’s Big Island. It had no running water and no electricity. But it provided shelter for Ross as she raised sheep and grew crops on land that her Native Hawaiian ancestors once called home. From the open fields and gentle slopes of her five-acre farm lot, she marveled at the stunning views of nearby Mauna Kea, one of the world’s tallest island mountains. Still, there were challenges to living under such conditions. At night she read by candlelight, and during the day she bathed outside with water she warmed in a pot over a fire.

        So, in 2014, Ross secured a loan under a special program funded by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development to help Native Hawaiians build or purchase homes on Native lands. An architect created drawings for a two-bedroom, one-bathroom house, complete with energy-efficient appliances and a covered lanai. And she even picked the location for the new home.

      • Declassified UKBritain’s secret propaganda campaign in the Vietnam war

        The British Foreign Office provided key propaganda support to the US during its war in Vietnam, chiefly through its Cold War propaganda arm, the Information Research Department (IRD).

        Throughout the 1960s, this support involved helping the US-backed South Vietnamese regime to set up its own propaganda unit, and whitewashing Washington’s image over civilian bloodshed.

        It also entailed distributing material to hundreds of British political and media figures in order to sanitise US atrocities, and make the British public less critical of the war.

        Remarkably, Britain even offered to provide the US with “special” support during the infamous Gulf of Tonkin incident in 1964, which Washington used to cynically and dramatically escalate its war effort in Vietnam.

      • Declassified UKBritain’s secret role in the brutal US war in Vietnam

        During its war in Vietnam in the 1960s and 1970s the US dropped more bombs than in the whole of World War Two, in a conflict that killed over two million people. The wholesale destruction of villages and killing of innocent people was a permanent feature of the US war from the beginning, along with widespread indiscriminate bombing.

        Britain’s role in the war has been largely buried and must be almost completely unknown to the public. When the UK media mentions the war now, reports often simply reference the refusal by Harold Wilson’s government to agree to US requests to openly deploy British troops.

        Although this was certainly a public rebuff to Washington, Britain did virtually everything else to back the US war over more than a decade, the declassified documents show.

      • Meduza‘Not decolonization but self-isolation’ How the Kremlin’s purported fight against ‘neocolonialism’ is destroying Russian science — Meduza

        One of the many forms of global inequality is inequality in the production of scientific knowledge. Countries in the Global South, many of which are former colonies, have tried to solve this issue by “decolonizing” academic processes: for years, intellectuals and scientists from non-Western countries have been asserting their autonomy and challenging the West’s “intellectual authority.” Sociologist Ivan Kislenko, a visiting scholar with the Dimensions of Europeanization project at Austria’s University of Graz, believes that Russian scientists and researchers could learn a lot from their colleagues in postcolonial countries. In this essay for Meduza, he explains that for all of the Russian authorities’ talk of wanting to take part in decolonization — and even to lead it — they’re actually doing the exact opposite. The Kremlin is burning the very bridges that would allow Russian public thought to prove its value and gradually take its rightful place in global intellectual life.

      • Project Censored#17 Former Neo-Nazi Leader Now Holds DOJ Domestic Counterterrorism Position – THE TOP 25 MOST CENSORED STORIES OF 2022-2023

        Michael German, a Brennan Center fellow who investigates neo-Nazis, told Christophi that it is “highly unlikely” that RISS or similar federal employers would have missed Houghton’s neo-Nazi ties while conducting a background check. As Christophi reported, many other white supremacists likely hold powerful positions in law enforcement agencies, especially since neo-Nazi leaders are encouraging their followers to take jobs in the police or military.

      • Project Censored#18 The Human Mind as “New Domain of War”: NATO Plans for Cognitive Warfare – THE TOP 25 MOST CENSORED STORIES OF 2022-2023

        The NAOC panel discussion was part of NATO’s Fall 2021 Innovation Challenge, hosted by Canada, which sought to enlist the expertise of private entrepreneurs and academic researchers “to help develop new tactics and technologies for the military alliance,” Ben Norton reported. (The NAOC, he noted, is technically a nongovernmental organization, but “its mission is to promote NATO.”)

    • Transparency/Investigative Reporting

      • Declassified UKGolden Temple massacre: Probe into SAS role marred by nepotism

        Hundreds if not thousands of people were killed when Indian troops stormed the Golden Temple in Amritsar in 1984.

        Thirty years later, I uncovered evidence the Thatcher administration had sent an SAS officer to advise Indian forces on the operation at the Sikh faith’s holiest site.

        My revelation in 2014 caused outcry and forced the then prime minister David Cameron to order an investigation by Britain’s most senior civil servant, Jeremy Heywood.

    • Environment

      • Common DreamsOpinion | Loss and Damage Fund as a Paradigm Shift

        The 27th Conference of Parties (COP27) under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement, attended by 47,000 delegates, delivered on the promise of being an ‘Implementation COP’. It was the third longest in the history of the annual climate summit, with parties working overtime thirty-six hours after the conference’s scheduled closure. As dawn broke in Sharm el-Sheikh, the host city of this year’s summit, located on the southern tip of the Sinai Peninsula and the coastal strip of the Red Sea, on 20 November, the landmark agreement on loss and damage was gavelled by COP27 president and Egypt’s foreign minister Sameh Shoukry.

      • Project Censored#11 Wealthy Nations Continue to Drive Climate Change with Devastating Impacts on Poorer Countries – THE TOP 25 MOST CENSORED STORIES OF 2022-2023

        Fossil fuels release carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere, where it lingers for hundreds of years. CO2 locks in heat, and its gradual buildup warms the planet, leading to the melting of polar ice caps, rising sea levels, and catastrophic natural disasters such as wildfires and floods. But the primary emitters of carbon are often not the ones bearing the brunt of the climate crisis. As sea levels rise, people in small island countries, such as Tuvalu and the Marshall Islands, will struggle to survive. In 2019, according to a Quartz Africa report by Tawanda Karombo in 2021, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, and Niger all experienced drastic, unpredictable changes in temperature and precipitation, causing food shortages, economic disasters, and hundreds of avoidable fatalities. “Many of these countries and communities bear little responsibility for the cumulative greenhouse gas emissions driving climate change. At the same time, they have the fewest resources available to protect themselves,” Klinsky observed.

      • Project Censored#4 At Least 128 Members of Congress Invested in Fossil Fuel Industry – THE TOP 25 MOST CENSORED STORIES OF 2022-2023

        According to Moore, some seventy-four Republicans, fifty-nine Democrats, and one Independent have interests in the fossil fuel industry. In both chambers, more Republicans than Democrats are invested in the industry, and the ten most heavily invested House members are all Republicans. However, the first- and third-most-invested senators, Joe Manchin (WV), who owns up to $5.5 million worth of fossil fuel industry assets, and John Hickenlooper (CO), who owns up to $1 million, are Democrats. Additionally, Senate Democrats own up to $8,604,000 in fossil fuel assets, more than double the Senate Republicans’ $3,994,126 in fossil fuel assets. Aside from Senator Manchin, and Representative Trey Hollingsworth (R-IN), who owns up to $5.2 million worth of stock in oil and gas pipelines, many of the other deeply invested congressional leaders are Texas Republicans, including Representative Van Taylor, who owns up to $12.4 million worth of fossil fuel assets.

    • Finance

      • Common DreamsOpinion | The Not Very Smart Elon Musk

        A good day’s work for a good day’s pay. Should this age-old wisdom apply to overpaid CEOs as well as their workers? A Delaware court will soon decide, a turn of events that must have the richest man in the known universe, Elon Musk, feeling more than a little bit uneasy.

      • Declassified UKPerverse priorities: Cut public spending, keep nuclear arms and warplanes

        The chancellor, Jeremy Hunt, is reported to be looking for £35 billion across government in cuts. While vital services will continue to be deprived of urgently-needed resources, the government seems set to give the military a budget rise in cash terms from £47.9bn this year to £48bn in 2023 and £48.6bn in 2024.

      • ScheerpostSilicon Valley Fake: Elizabeth Holmes and the Fraudster’s Motivation

        By Binoy Kampmark / CounterPunch It has been one noisy time for the paladins of big tech.  Jobs have been shed by the thousands at Meta, Amazon and Twitter; FTX, the second largest cryptocurrency company, has collapsed.  Then came the conviction of Elizabeth Holmes, founder of the healthcare company Theranos, for fraud. Pursuing the steps […]

      • Project Censored#22 US Transportation System “Fuels” Inequality – THE TOP 25 MOST CENSORED STORIES OF 2022-2023

        According to Sen, this disparity disproportionately impacts Black and Latino communities, where personal vehicle ownership rates are much lower than in majority white communities. “Transportation policies prioritizing private vehicle use leave the poor and people of color behind,” Sen reported.

      • Project Censored#20 States Hoard Federal Assistance Funding Amidst Record Poverty Levels – THE TOP 25 MOST CENSORED STORIES OF 2022-2023

        Hannah Dreyfus reported in a December 2021 article that the number of approved applications for access to TANF funding has been cut in half since 2010 as guidelines to qualify become increasingly exclusionary, while reserved TANF funds have more than doubled in the same time period.

      • TruthOutHow Banks and Private Equity Cash In When Patients Can’t Pay Their Medical Bills
      • Common DreamsOpinion | Taxing the Rich Requires More Than Policy

        With numerous initiative campaigns around the country raising minimum wages, protecting abortion rights, and in the case of Massachusetts’s Fair Share Amendment, taxing the rich to fund public services, the Left is finally waking to the power of ballot initiatives as tools to advance egalitarian and redistributive policy. Where legislators are either too timid or too compromised by corporate interests and wealthy donors, voters tend to back progressive policy, even voters who tend not to choose anyone with a D next to their name. Floridians in 2020 and Arizonans in 2016 both went for Trump and increased the minimum wage. Running ballot initiatives offers a path for the Left to organize around working-class demands without getting sucked into the depressing vortex of Democratic Party machinery and the partisan culture war.

      • Project Censored#2 Wage Theft: US Businesses Suffer Few Consequences for Stealing Millions from Workers Every Year – THE TOP 25 MOST CENSORED STORIES OF 2022-2023

        Wage theft includes a range of illegal practices, such as paying less than minimum wage, withholding tips, not paying overtime, or requiring workers to work through breaks or off the clock. It impacts service workers, low-income workers, immigrant and guest workers, and communities of color the most, according to the Center for Public Integrity’s “Cheated at Work” series, published from May 2021 to March 2022. An Economic Policy Institute study from 2017 found that just one form of wage theft—minimum wage violations—costs US workers an estimated $15 billion annually and impacts an estimated 17 percent of low-wage workers.

      • Project Censored#6 Corporate Consolidation Causing Record Inflation in Food Prices – THE TOP 25 MOST CENSORED STORIES OF 2022-2023

        Stancil’s article reported on new research by the Groundwork Collaborative that suggested price gouging was rampant in America’s oligopoly-controlled food industry. In a paradigmatic case, the beef industry is simultaneously among the most consolidated and the most impacted by inflation. The study found that with only four conglomerates controlling 80 percent of the market, the cost of beef had risen a startling 12 percent since 2020. The egg industry also saw a dramatic increase in prices that sparked investigations and lawsuits across the country.

      • Project Censored#9 New Laws Preventing Dark Money Disclosures Sweep the Nation – THE TOP 25 MOST CENSORED STORIES OF 2022-2023

        As Shaw outlined, ALEC “brings together corporate activists, lobbyists, and state lawmakers to partner up on the crafting of rightwing legislation and other initiatives.” The organization is commonly referred to as a “corporate bill mill” and has crafted other controversial laws, such as Stand Your Ground.

      • Project Censored#5 Dark Money Interference in US Politics Undermines Democracy – THE TOP 25 MOST CENSORED STORIES OF 2022-2023

        “It should worry us all that the groups leading the fight against Biden’s historic nomination of Judge Jackson to the Supreme Court are tied to the Jan. 6 insurrection and efforts to undermine confidence in the 2020 election,” Kyle Herrig, president of Accountable.US, told Salon. “With American institutions and our democracy itself under constant attack from every direction, the importance of Judge Jackson’s swift and successful confirmation cannot be overstated.”

      • Project Censored#16 Dark Money Fuels Transphobic Opposition to the Equal Rights Amendment and Equality Act – THE TOP 25 MOST CENSORED STORIES OF 2022-2023

        As Peck, Demirhan, and Bowen explained, “dark money”—funding used to influence policy, elections, and other significant political decisions whose precise donors are kept hidden from the public—“gives corporations and the wealthy undue sway in politics with little accountability.” Many of the funders of the Eagle Forum are unknown, Truthout reported, but the Eagle Forum and its related Eagle Forum Education & Legal Defense Fund have received “tens of thousands over the years from the Bradley Foundation and Ed Uihlein Family Foundation, which are both massive foundations with deep connections to the far right.”

      • Project Censored#19 Poor Infrastructure, a Legacy of Discriminatory Redlining, Inhibits Rural Black Americans’ Internet Access – THE TOP 25 MOST CENSORED STORIES OF 2022-2023

        Dominique Harrison, the JCPES study’s author, told Asher-Schapiro and Sherfinski in October 2021 that “despite constant conversations about rural access to broadband in the US, most of it is focused on white rural residents.” Harrison’s study found that, across 152 counties in Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia, Black Americans were ten times more likely not to have internet access than white Americans in those same counties. Specifically, 38 percent of Black Americans in those counties reported that they lacked home internet access, while only 23 percent of white Americans in those same areas said the same.

      • Michael West MediaCost of living data top of watch list – Michael West

        A key consumer price index will be closely watched for a further inflation spike as the Reserve Bank weighs up yet another cash rate hike.

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • Tim BrayBye, Twitter

        Today I’m leaving Twitter, because I don’t like making unpaid contributions to a for-profit publisher whose proprietor is an alt-right troll. But also because it’s probably going to break down. Read on for details.

      • Common DreamsOpinion | I’ll Support Him If He Does—But Joe, Please Don’t Run
      • Project Censored#12 Facebook’s Blacklist of “Dangerous Individuals and Organizations” Stifles Public Debate – THE TOP 25 MOST CENSORED STORIES OF 2022-2023

        The DIO policy not only bans specific individuals and groups from Facebook, it also selectively restricts “what other Facebook users are allowed to say about the banned entities,” Biddle reported. The rules are “a serious risk to political debate and free expression,” Faiza Patel, co-director of the Liberty and National Security Program at the Brennan Center for Justice, told the Intercept.

      • Project Censored#7 Concerns for Journalistic Independence as Gates Foundation Gives $319 Million to News Outlets – THE TOP 25 MOST CENSORED STORIES OF 2022-2023

        Based on examination of more than 30,000 individual grants, MacLeod reported that the Gates Foundation provides funding for “many of America’s most important news outlets”—including NPR (which has received $24.6 million in Gates funding), NBC ($4.3M), CNN ($3.6M), and the Atlantic ($1.4M)—and “a myriad of influential foreign organizations”—such as the Guardian ($12.9M), Der Spiegel ($5.4M), Le Monde ($4M), BBC ($3.6M), El País ($3.9M), and Al Jazeera ($1M). MacLeod’s report includes a number of Gates-funded news outlets that also regularly feature in Project Censored’s annual Top 25 story lists, such as the Solutions Journalism Network ($7.2M), The Conversation ($6.6M), the Bureau of Investigative Journalism ($1M), and ProPublica ($1M) in addition to the Guardian and the Atlantic.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

    • Freedom of Information / Freedom of the Press

      • Declassified UKRafael Correa: ‘They have already destroyed Assange’

        Declassified sits down with the former president of Ecuador who granted Julian Assange asylum in London. He talks about dealing with the British, how the US seeks to control his country and the lawfare campaign against him.

      • Declassified UK‘UK executive is wining and dining with people plotting the assassination of my husband’

        Declassified sits down with Stella Assange, the wife of the WikiLeaks founder, to talk about how he’s holding up in his fourth year inside Belmarsh prison—and how his case threatens the very core of freedom itself.

      • Project Censored#8 CIA Discussed Plans to Kidnap or Kill Julian Assange – THE TOP 25 MOST CENSORED STORIES OF 2022-2023

        Potential scenarios proposed by the CIA and Trump administration officials included crashing into a Russian vehicle carrying Assange in order to grab him, shooting the tires of an airplane carrying Assange in order to prevent its takeoff, and engaging in a gun battle through the streets of London. US officials asked “their British counterparts to do the shooting if gunfire was required, and the British agreed,” Yahoo News reported, on the basis of testimony by one former senior administration official. Senior CIA officials went so far as to request “sketches” or “options” detailing methods to kill Assange.

      • Project Censored#14 Repression of Palestinian Media – THE TOP 25 MOST CENSORED STORIES OF 2022-2023

        Since 2020, twenty-six Palestinian journalists based in the West Bank have been imprisoned for attempting to cover Palestinian resistance to Israeli occupation. According to an April 5, 2022, report by Yuval Abraham in the Intercept, Palestinian journalists who post footage or comment on Israel’s use of force are often placed in administrative detention for months at a time and experience harsh interrogations without ever being charged. After serving months of jail time, detainees are typically forced into entering guilty plea deals offered by Israeli military prosecution in order to be released.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • Teen VogueThis One Page TTRPG is a Starbucks Union Fundraiser

        Here’s how you play: each round is 87 seconds, or roughly the same amount of time it takes a Starbucks worker to make a frappuccino; within that time, you must write up a description of a planet using a few default requirements such as name, color, type of planet, and any additional mandates demanded by your celestial managers. In order to unionize, the player will roll a six-sided die and tally up their result at the beginning of each round. Once that tally reaches 21, the player has successfully unionized and wins the game.

      • NPRFrontier Airlines drops its customer service line

        Frontier airlines will no longer let customers call a phone number in order to speak with a live agent. And while the budget airline is known for its cost-cutting measures, most major airlines still operate customer service lines.

        Customers will instead have to rely on other ways to contact the airline: a chatbot on its website, a live chat available 24/7, its social media channels and even WhatsApp, according to Frontier spokesperson, Jennifer De La Cruz, who confirmed the news to NPR on Saturday.

      • NBCMissouri 19-year-old can’t watch her father’s execution, judge rules

        “It’s ironic that Kevin was 19 years old when he committed this crime and they still want to move forward with this execution, but they won’t allow his daughter who’s 19 at this time in because she’s too young,” Johnsons’ lawyer, Shawn Nolan, told reporters Friday.

      • MeduzaRussian government to sell St. Petersburg’s Kresty Prison — Meduza

        Most of the territory and buildings of St. Petersburg’s Kresty Prison will be put up for sale by the state corporation Dom.rf, according to RBC.

      • Pro PublicaAt Washington State Special Education Schools, Years of Abuse Complaints and Lack of Academics

        For years, the complaints languished with Washington state education officials.

        A therapist emailed about a teenage boy with severe autism, who had wailed for hours inside a locked room in her school, pleading to be let out. A local education official saw a teacher shove her foot in a student’s face as he lay on the ground and threaten to step on him. A special education director observed uncertified teachers struggling with no curriculum and urged the state to step in to protect “these extremely high-risk students.”

      • Common DreamsOpinion | Biden Must Demand That Al-Sisi Release Alaa Abd El-Fattah

        There are dictators in the world who wield absolute power, and then there are U.S. Senators. Very few understand the power these 100 individuals hold in the world’s most powerful country. A single senator can effectively block any legislation. They don’t need to give a reason, and often do it entirely in secret. President Joe Biden, who was a senator for decades, knows this and also knows he needs the vote of every Democratic senator to pass critical appropriations during Congress’ current lame duck session.

      • ScheerpostDeath in Qatar, but No Just Compensation for Families Back Home

        Qatar’s migrant workers died, but their families struggle on.

      • TruthOutFor-Profit Abortion Telemedicine Start-Ups Are Proliferating in Wake of “Roe”
      • Project Censored#15 EARN IT Act Threatens Online Freedom of Expression Under Guise of Policing Child Pornography – THE TOP 25 MOST CENSORED STORIES OF 2022-2023

        The EARN IT Act of 2022 aims to hold tech companies responsible for the online spread of child pornography. As Mathew Ingram reported for the Columbia Journalism Review (CJR), the Act would establish a national commission to develop “best practices for the elimination of child sex-abuse material (CSAM).” Under the act, “online platforms hosting such material would lose the protection of Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act, which gives electronic service providers immunity from prosecution for most of the content that is posted by their users,” the CJR reported.

    • Monopolies

      • Copyrights

        • Torrent FreakBREIN Plans to Have Z-Library Blocked By ISPs if it ‘Resurfaces’

          Dutch anti-piracy group BREIN has revealed that one of its reports played a role in the criminal investigation of Z-Library. The report in question reportedly identified a number of suspects. Whether the resulting law enforcement actions will be effective in the long run is unknown but BREIN plans to seek a site-blocking order if the shadow library reappears on the surface web.

  • Gemini* and Gopher

* Gemini (Primer) links can be opened using Gemini software. It’s like the World Wide Web but a lot lighter.

Spamnil Seems to Have Quit Paying for Clickfraud Bots to Fake His ‘Popularity’

Posted in Deception, Marketing at 9:46 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Context: New Lows: Linux Foundation Defrauding Clients

No clickfraud
9 views since 13 Oct 2022. Seems like Clickfraud Spamnil forgot to send his bots to this one (clocking up the numbers in violation of YouTube’s policy).

He pays me to click each video 500 times

Self-made Spamnil
“Self-made” imposter and opportunist (like Jim Zemlin except not rich).

Summary: Based on the past month, Spamnil seems to have stopped (at least temporarily) relying on bots to fake his alleged popularity; through the Linux Foundation he has done great damage since the destruction of Linux.com, now a defunct site

Better Let the ‘Ad’ ‘Industry’ (Spying Galore) Just Collapse

Posted in Deception, Marketing at 9:23 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Background: Techrights Statement on Phoronix

This weekend:

Ads in Phoronix

With JavaScript turned on, this overlay appears universally (every page in the site):

Phoronix ads spam

Several hundreds of companies, almost a thousand

Meme: no thanks I'd rather you let hundreds of companies spy on you

Summary: To recover reputation Phoronix will need to quit the heavy, obtrusive, privacy-violating ads and the corporate 'gifts' that evidently and demonstrably changed the site's direction

2023 Will be a Pivotal Year for Techrights

Posted in Site News at 7:34 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Summary: As we quickly approach the last month of the year, here’s a look back at a wonderful year for Techrights (but not for the world in general) and a look at the year ahead

WE recently published the 35,000th blog post and celebrated 16 years.

This long weekend (owing to Thanksgiving) has given plenty of time for reflection and planning. It’s not a secret that there are many changes afoot, but overall those are positive changes and they will make this site better. Not just a Web site, but so much more…

In-Depth Investigations

Site migrations are already underway, but it takes time as we still focus on publication of material too (we don’t want to halt that). The GitHub/Microsoft series will go on next year; there’s plenty of material we’re eager to publish. There are several other “big stories” (or series) in the making, but they take time to properly prepare and fact-check. Stay tuned.

Tor, GNUnet, and More

If all goes according to plan, Tor/Onion will be supported next year. IPFS and Gemini have good resilience already and are robust to downtime (with spare nodes and hardware). GNUnet is still being considered. It’s a promising project. It seems like Mumble too is gaining adoption (it’s mentioned a lot online this year) and at the time of writing there are “514 known IRC networks” of significant size with a third of a million people online (counted across those networks).

Personal Life

As a researcher by training (and profession too; I was a postdoc for a few years) I like to examine the facts for myself and properly assess the evidence rather than blindly rely on what corporate press keeps saying. The media gets a lot of things wrong, but it tends to get away with it.

The way things are looking right now, this post-Brexit economy in a state of pandemic (that many are already in denial of) won’t recover any time soon. Maybe there will be an upswing — however small — rather than ongoing downturn some time in the next 5 years. Maybe. In the meantime, for a lot of people there’s a daily fight over necessities; it’s about survival. The national health service (NHS) is under perpetual attacks (aside from privatisation), the press is rapidly collapsing (not many people are still willing to pay for news; some cannot afford such a “luxury”), so we’re left with tabloids and oligarchs-owned “news” (sometimes the same as those tabloids).

Then there’s the health crisis, aside from mental health crisis.

How Deaths Have Soared This Year (Compared to Pre-COVID-19 Levels)

A topic I typically write about in my personal site is worth echoing here, at least in passing. There’s a mortality and morbidity crisis, which many are aware of while the media is suppressing or stonewalling or vainly gaslighting.

The relevant data is available from official (government) sources:

ONS data download

Recent weeks’ total deaths in England and Wales:

Recent weeks

These numbers are very high, especially so in recent months.

This affects ALL age groups and has come to the point where some weeks have have more than 2,000 additional deaths compared to the 2015-2019 average (in week 20 it was more than 2,500 higher).

Here’s 2022 (the unit in the X grid is week number):

Difference in deaths in 2022: 2022 deaths (England & Wales):  Above 2015-2019 average; Below 2015-2019 average

The high numbers (or very tall vertical bars) are number of deaths higher than pre-COVID-19 average number of deaths (for any given week).

Data: All deaths by week 45 versus pre-COVID-19 average (ODF)

That’s just based on the data. No need to argue with the data, unlike interpretations of it. Stay cautious regardless.

With more time spent indoors, and with more time available in general, Techrights will grow and thrive.

IRC Proceedings: Friday, November 26, 2022

Posted in IRC Logs at 2:17 am by Needs Sunlight

Also available via the Gemini protocol at:

Over HTTP:

HTML5 logs

HTML5 logs

#techrights log as HTML5

#boycottnovell log as HTML5

HTML5 logs

HTML5 logs

#boycottnovell-social log as HTML5

#techbytes log as HTML5

text logs

text logs

#techrights log as text

#boycottnovell log as text

text logs

text logs

#boycottnovell-social log as text

#techbytes log as text

Enter the IRC channels now

IPFS Mirrors

CID Description Object type
 QmeR1wwrPMo7dTznoAkHvVM2GA9X6sYV7J5TeRcA6mXv5K IRC log for #boycottnovell
(full IRC log as HTML)
HTML5 logs
 QmPQewncpVge5iQP3YchzbXzBMCoNHVDhuvRrfN4fcyrvu IRC log for #boycottnovell
(full IRC log as plain/ASCII text)
text logs
 Qmbtwp6JeXzkxVNKepuGk5HCuh3bxcY3BevQYqQSc4sNzs IRC log for #boycottnovell-social
(full IRC log as HTML)
HTML5 logs
 QmafPKXSFyb1TL6JtBVWc4SCpZwgKBm2nHoev4C1dbk82h IRC log for #boycottnovell-social
(full IRC log as plain/ASCII text)
text logs
 QmRyq4tzLx8PH1yUGYNgSBFczYjeZuGjqeSXcJ88JF9gvx IRC log for #techbytes
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HTML5 logs
 QmeiXEvFVoRX21oSxMNL1Ve9ZFeXLTsEqPa3pgyHwit2t6 IRC log for #techbytes
(full IRC log as plain/ASCII text)
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 QmXafxq2g2R8Tp4a8pbDXXcrv9HAbaLpXQvPpRHSjjReWP IRC log for #techrights
(full IRC log as HTML)
HTML5 logs
 QmQYNcbNRvXJPuGVfhH1Te1DDajEGnfnfFZqKEsLF7DVXp IRC log for #techrights
(full IRC log as plain/ASCII text)
text logs

IPFS logo

Bulletin for Yesterday

Local copy | CID (IPFS): QmQrQNyCx2qL7s5jt5mMt489d9ra6fdrXi3qCqoCuLjNGi

Links 27/11/2022: EasyOS 4.5.2 and Pixel Wheels 0.24.0

Posted in News Roundup at 12:18 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

    • Server

      • EarthlyHelm: The Kubernetes Package Manager – Earthly Blog

        For production and hybrid cloud environments, manual deployments with Kubernetes are time consuming and non reusable. As you deploy different applications with similar configuration settings to Kubernetes, you’ll have a large number of YAML files and substantial duplication; this makes the applications difficult to maintain. This is where Helm can help.

      • EarthlyUsing Canary Deployments in Kubernetes – Earthly Blog

        Has a seemingly harmless update ever caused your application to fail in production? Canary deployments, like the proverbial canary in a coal mine, can help you mitigate the chaotic outcomes of such updates that can potentially cause critical downtime.

        Canary deployments are based on the routing of user traffic such that you can compare, test, and observe the behavior of any update for a small percentage of users. They are an important roll-out strategy in Kubernetes, especially when tweaks, updates, or entirely new deployments need to be tested. A canary deployment is an improved iteration of an existing deployment that includes all the necessary dependencies and application code. It exists alongside the original deployment and allows you to compare the behavior of different versions of your application side by side. It helps you test new features on a small percentage of users with minimal downtime and less impact on user experience.

        In this article, you’ll learn about canary deployments, why they’re important, and how to use them to optimize your deployment process. You’ll also learn how to fit them into an automatic CI/CD framework.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Applications

      • Ubuntu HandbookPanorama photo stitcher – Hugin 2022 in Beta Now [Ubuntu PPA] | UbuntuHandbook

        Hugin, the popular free and open-source panorama photo stitcher application, now is in beta stage for the upcoming 2022 version.

      • DebugPointlnav: Advanced Log File Viewer for Linux Desktops and Servers

        lnav can unzip all the compressed log files on the fly and merge them together for a nice display. The display is parsed and formatted based on the types of errors/warnings – this helps to quickly glance through the thousands of logs, especially in servers.

        While analysing the logs, timestamps are very important. So lnav merges multiple logs based on timestamps, which is very helpful for tracking down system issues.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • Linux CapableHow to Install FirewallD GUI on Fedora 37/36/35

        For users unfamiliar with using the command line interface, FirewallD GUI provides an easy-to-use graphical interface for managing the FirewallD software. The sleek and simple design program is the perfect solution for those who want easy access to what’s going on in their system without having too many bells and whistles to distract them from maintaining security. The FirewallD GUI provides users with a visual representation of the ports, services, and protocols that are currently enabled or disabled, making it easy to make changes as needed. In addition, the program offers a variety of other features that make it a valuable tool for keeping your system secure, including the ability to create custom rules and view detailed log files.

        The following tutorial will teach you how to install FirewallD GUI on Fedora 37/36/35 Linux using the command line terminal with the steps required to achieve this for users that prefer using a graphical method of controlling FirewallD on their system.

      • Linux CapableHow to Enable/Disable Firewall on Ubuntu 22.10/22.04/20.04

        When it comes to firewall protection for your system, the default Ubuntu UFW program is a great option. For newer users of Ubuntu and Linux, UFW is short for “uncomplicated firewall.” UFW allows users with little knowledge of how Linux IPTABLES can secure their home network or server without the need to learn complicated long-tail commands that are more for the sysadmin side of things, where most users want to add and remove rules. The UFW program was designed with the home user in mind but can be used by any user for a home network or server and can be easily extended if more advanced features are needed.

        The following tutorial will teach you how to check, enable and disable the UFW firewall and, for desktop users, install the firewall GUI to better control UFW for users that do not want to use the terminal in the future.

      • LinuxiacRestic Backup and Restore Data on Linux with Examples

        This guide explains what Restic is, how to install it on Linux, and how to use Restic to easily, fast, and reliably back up and restore data.

        When working with computers, data backup is a critical and mandatory component. Losing personal files on your home computer or data stored on company servers can have significant emotional and financial consequences.

        Implementing a reliable backup solution for your data is more than necessary and can prove invaluable to you and your business. What’s better if it is entirely free? Please meet Restic.

      • AddictiveTipsHow to get Lapce working on Linux

        Lapce is a “lightning-fast” and “powerful” code editor. It’s open-source and allows users to do quick operations with every word they type. Here’s how you can get the Lapce code editor working on your Linux system.

      • Make Use Ofbat: A Modern Alternative to the Classic Linux cat Command [Ed: "Modern" as in controlled by Microsoft in Proprietary Prison GitHub?]

        If you don’t like the dull and boring output of the cat command, consider installing bat on your Linux machine.

        The cat utility predates Linux, but you might wonder if there’s something better than this standard utility. If you want to examine files in Linux, there’s a newer utility named bat that you might be interested in.

      • Make Use OfHow to Install Microsoft OneDrive on Ubuntu [Ed: NSA spyware. It does not make sense to install it on anything, let alone GNU/Linux.]
      • ID RootHow To Install Concrete5 CMS on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Concrete5 CMS on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Concrete5 is an open-source content management platform used to publish and manage online content. It is flexible, secure, mobile-ready, and based on Model-View-Controller architecture. It offers a rich set of features including, WYSIWYG content editor, Media Manager, Drag and Drop Content, In-context editing, and many more.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Concrete5 CMS on Ubuntu 22.04 (Jammy Jellyfish). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 22.04 and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint, Elementary OS, Pop!_OS, and more as well.

      • DebugPointHow to Install Latest LibreOffice in Ubuntu and other Linux

        Here’s a quick guide on how to install the latest LibreOffice version in Ubuntu and other Linux.

        The free and open-source office suite LibreOffice comes in two versions. The Community and Enterprise versions. The “community” version is for early adopters who want the latest bleeding-edge software tech. And the “enterprise” version is more stable and may not include all the latest features, but it is ideal for the production environment and professional work.

      • DebugPointUpgrade to Latest LibreOffice in Ubuntu, Linux Mint and Windows

        This beginner’s guide explains the steps required to upgrade to the latest LibreOffice in Ubuntu, Linux Mint and Windows.

    • Games

      • SC Controller – SparkyLinux

        There is a new application available for Sparkers: SC Controller

      • Aurélien GâteauPixel Wheels 0.24.0

        This time, it’s the “Square Mountains” championship which got a new track: “Up, up, up and down!”. It’s the first track where the trees are not behind barriers, so you can theoretically drive through them, but I am pretty sure it would not be a winning move because the chances of hitting a tree is too high. Having said so, there are two shortcuts to let you cut corners. They are quite tight though, so be careful!

      • GizmodoYou Can Run Mac OS on the Nintendo Wii

        Making the Nincintosh (Mactendo? MacinWii?) relies on a hacked Wii’s ability to run a Linux-based OS through the unofficial Homebrew Channel, which in turn facilitates Mac-on-Linux, which allows Mac OS to run under Linux. A disk image of Mac OS 9.2 on an SD card is inserted into Wii and after booting the console and opening the Homebrew Channel, BootMii is used to start Linux and then Mac OS, minus the iconic startup sound—one of many issues when running the OS on a gaming console.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • Crowdfunding Elgato Key Lights – Georges Stavracas

          Since I created Boatswain, earlier this year, a lot has happened. Recently it was accepted as part of the GNOME Circle! As the app gets more popular, people are asking for more useful features that I cannot implement without having access to the actual hardware they depend on.

          Specifically, I’ve received multiple requests to integrate Boatswain with Elgato Key Lights. This makes a lot of sense, and I’m happy to do so, but without hardware for testing the changes it’s not feasible. Of course, this is free software, someone with sufficient programming skills could contribute that feature; but as it turns out, the intersection of people using Linux, GNOME, Boatswain, Elgato Key Lights, and knows how to program in C + GObject is minuscule, so that’s unlikely to happen.

  • Distributions and Operating Systems

    • Ubuntu Pit10 Best Windows Alternative OS: Which One is Best for You?

      Before buying a computer, there are many factors to consider, such as its appearance and features. But have you ever thought about the operating system? Some people do, but many don’t. If you’re not sure which OS is right for you, don’t worry – you’re not alone. Thank you for being inquisitive and wanting to learn more. Even though it is the era of modern technology, you’re still using Windows? There are many other operating systems that are faster and more useful than Windows. If you like innovation, then keep reading to learn about some excellent alternatives to Windows.

      Linux distros can be an excellent alternative to Windows OS. Linux distros are open source and free, meaning you don’t need to purchase the operating system or pay hefty fees for updates. Plus, they are highly customizable and provide a secure environment with plenty of customization options.

    • Reviews

      • DebugPointPop OS Review: Reasons why its an all-rounder Linux distro

        Few reasons why System76’s Pop OS is the best all-rounder Ubuntu-based Linux distribution.

        Pop!_OS is a Ubuntu Linux-based derivative developed and created by American computer manufacturer System76 for their lines of hardware devices. System76 sells high-end servers, desktops, laptops and other peripherals. And all of their runs on the Ubuntu variant Pop!_OS.

        Since its inception, the Pop!_OS team has had a different vision of the customized Ubuntu and the default desktop GNOME.

    • New Releases

    • SUSE/OpenSUSE

      • Dominique LeuenbergeropenSUSE Tumbleweed – Review of the week 2022/47

        Apologies for sending out the review a day late, somehow I was drowning myself in build fixes yesterday, lost track of time, and suddenly it was too late. But of course, you are all curious to hear what happened during this week and, most likely even more interested in what the future holds for us. We again published a full 7 snapshots (1118…1124), of which 1124 did not have a Changes file generated, and thus no announcement mail was sent out (which will need to be investigated).

    • Fedora Family / IBM

      • Wayland support coming to Blender for Fedora 37

        As mentioned on Phoronix’ article, Blender received Wayland support on Blender 3.3.1 for Fedora 37 as an update in preparation of the incoming version 3.4 next month. The update has a dependency of libdecor, a client-side decoration for Wayland in addition of DBus for the cursor theme. Currently, the window decoration may have yet to use the system theme but remains functional as intended.

      • Fedora ProjectCPE Weekly Update – Week 47 2022 – Fedora Community Blog

        This is a weekly report from the CPE (Community Platform Engineering) Team. If you have any questions or feedback, please respond to this report or contact us on #redhat-cpe channel on libera.chat.

        We provide you with both infographics and text versions of the weekly report. If you just want to quickly look at what we did, just look at the infographic. If you are interested in more in-depth details look at the text version.

    • Mobile Systems/Mobile Applications

  • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

    • Alexandru NedelcuTwitter migration

      Mastodon ain’t Twitter. Its design and available features are slightly different, as a matter of philosophy.

    • Libre Arts – Upscayl vs Upscaler

      There’s a lot of conversation about using AI and neural networks in art lately. One direction this technology is evolving in is producing better looking upscaled images. The software has to pretty much paint in the details that weren’t there originally which requires some training.

      We’ve seen algorithms like waifu2x in the past, then there was ESRGAN, Gigapixel by Topaz and others, and now the latest iteration is Real-ESRGAN which attempts to make the original technology better suited for dealing with real-life use cases.

    • Events

      • PostgreSQLPostgreSQL: Call for Proposals is open for Citus Con: An Event for Postgres 2023!

        The 2nd annual Citus Con: An Event for Postgres will happen Apr 18-19, 2023 and the Call for Speakers is now open, until Feb 5, 2023! We can’t wait to see your talk proposals about what you do with the world’s most advanced open source database.

        Citus Con: An Event for Postgres is a free and virtual developer event organized by the Postgres & Citus database teams at Microsoft and no travel is involved. Of course there’s a code of conduct too. To make things easy for speakers, we’ll take care of the video recording and production, both for the livestream and on-demand talks. Talks are 25 minutes long and must be in English.

    • Web Browsers/Web Servers

      • Mozilla

        • WrlachWorking with depression

          Been struggling with depression over the past couple of weeks. Some of this is seasonal (with the shortening of the days), though I wouldn’t say it always happens. Last year at this time I recall feeling the opposite of depressed: that probably had to do with the fact that I knew I was leaving my previous job at Mozilla and wanted to get as much done as possible. Sometimes a highly motivating life situation can keep it in abeyance. Nonetheless, it’s here now, again, and demands to be dealt with.


          And yet despite my best efforts, it’s not always enough. I do all of the things in the second list, and yet still find myself suffering in all the ways described by the first. What do I do then?

          I try to understand that there really isn’t an escape from unpleasant feeling, and that it’s just part of life: glorious and beautiful in its complexity. I try to be curious about what’s going on, even if I think it’s all happened before. If that’s not possible, I at least try to be present with it. That’s all I can do.

    • Programming/Development

      • It’s FOSS5 NeoVim GUI Editors You Could Try If You are Not a Total Terminal Junkie – It’s FOSS

        Vim is awesome. NeoVim is newer and even more awesome. Both Vim and NeoVim are terminal-based text editors with similar features.

      • RObservations #42: Using the jinjar and tidyRSS packages to make a simple newsletter template – bensstats

        Jinja is a powerful templating engine that is useful in a variety of contexts. Recently, I discovered how its possible to use the power of Jinja syntax in R with the jinjar package written by David C Hall. With jinjar and the tidyRSS package by Robert Myles it is possible to make an email template that can provide short and informative updates. In his blog, I’m going to share how the jinjar and tidyRSS packages work and show how to combine them to make a simple daily email newsletter.

      • FinnstatsXGBoost’s assumptions – finnstats

        XGBoost’s assumptions, First will provide an overview of the algorithm before we dive into XGBoost’s assumptions.

        Extreme Gradient Boosting, often known as XGBoost, is a supervised learning technique that belongs to the family of machine learning algorithms known as gradient-boosted decision trees (GBDT).

      • DebugPoint6 Best Python IDE(s) and Code Editor(s) [Ed: This list unfortunately starts with Microsoft's proprietary software that spies on users; this isn't a goof recommendation at all.]

        We list the six best Python code editor(s) for Ubuntu and other Linux distros and Windows in 2022.

        Python is everywhere today, and it is arguably the C programming language of the modern era. You can find Python everywhere, from websites, apps, data science projects, and AI to IoT devices. So being a popular programming language of this decade, it is essential to know the development environment of Python, where developers create applications, especially if you are starting afresh.

      • Tree Based Methods: Exploring the Forest

        I was recently reading my copy of “An Introduction to Statistical Learning” (my Amazon affiliate link) and got the chapter about the different tree based methods. I am pretty familiar with Random Forest, but a few of the other methods are new to me. Let’s explore these different techniques.

        For these examples, I will explore the glass dataset from the openml site. This dataset has 9 different features used to predict the type of glass. The dataset has 214 observations.

        The dataset is downloaded with the following code. This requires the farff package to open the arff files used on the openml site.

      • Saturn Elephant – The lazy numbers in R: correction

        Because of a change I did in the lazyNumbers package, I have to post a correction to my previous post.

        The as.double function, called on a lazy number, was not stable.

      • Data Science TutorialsTop 10 Data Visualisation Tools

        Top 10 Data Visualisation Tools, Data Science, one of the most established areas of study and practice in the IT sector, has been in the spotlight for almost a decade.

        It has proven to be beneficial in numerous industry verticals as well. This technology involves deriving essential insights from data, from top-notch approaches to market analysis.

        Following the data collection, it is processed by data analysts who further examine the data to identify patterns and then forecast user behavior using those patterns.

        Tools for data visualization are used in this stage. The top data visualization tools for data scientists to try, as well as several, will be covered in this post.

      • Layton R blog – Introducing formatdown

        Convert the elements of a numerical vector or data frame column to character strings in which the numbers are formatted using powers-of-ten notation in scientific or engineering form and delimited for rendering as inline equations in an rmarkdown document.

      • Analyzing Projected Calculations Using R – R Views

        Nicolas Nguyen works in the Supply Chain industry, in the area of Demand and Supply Planning, S&OP and Analytics, where he enjoys developing solutions using R and Shiny. Outside his job, he teaches data visualization in R at the Engineering School EIGSI and Business School Excelia in the city of La Rochelle, France.

      • Drew DeVaultCodegen in Hare v2

        I spoke about code generation in Hare back in May when I wrote a tool for generating ioctl numbers. I wrote another code generator over the past few weeks, and it seems like a good time to revisit the topic on my blog to showcase another approach, and the improvements we’ve made for this use-case.

        In this case, I wanted to generate code to implement IPC (inter-process communication) interfaces for my operating system. I have designed a DSL for describing these interfaces — you can read the grammar here. This calls for a parser, which is another interesting topic for Hare, but I’ll set that aside for now and focus on the code gen. Assume that, given a file like the following, we can parse it and produce an AST

      • Generating clustered data with marginal correlations – ouR data generation

        A student is working on a project to derive an analytic solution to the problem of sample size determination in the context of cluster randomized trials and repeated individual-level measurement (something I’ve thought a little bit about before). Though the goal is an analytic solution, we do want confirmation with simulation. So, I was a little disheartened to discover that the routines I’d developed in simstudy for this were not quite up to the task. I’ve had to quickly fix that, and the updates are available in the development version of simstudy, which can be downloaded using devtools::install_github(“kgoldfeld/simstudy”). While some of the changes are under the hood, I have added a new function, genBlockMat, which I’ll describe here.

  • Leftovers

    • Bert HubertThe World of Yesterday: a brief review of a 1942 book – Bert Hubert’s writings

      It is not often that one feels the urge to review an 80 year old work, but it left such a huge impression on me that I simply must tell you about what I’ve just read. Especially since there is a lot of scary resonance with our current times.

      It is a remarkably odd book. The title is already somewhat of a hint – this is not a memoir of Stefan Zweig the person. Although we do learn of his impressive artistic and literary achievements, he barely appears in the book himself. This is a memoir of a lost Europe, and how we lost it, in the First World War, during the run-up to the Second World War and finally during that war itself.

      It has been said that “Reading good books is like engaging in conversation with the most cultivated minds of past centuries” (René Descartes). In a sense, books are like time machines.

    • Terence EdenBook Review: “A World on Fire: An Epic History of Two Nations Divided” by Dr Amanda Foreman

      1861: “On the one hand, slavery is bad. On the other hand, cheap cotton from the South keeps the UK economy working.”

      2022: “On the one hand, invading Ukraine is bad. On the other hand, cheap gas from Russia keeps the UK economy working.”

      Plus ça change, plus c’est la même chose…

      This is an incredible book. I knew very little about the American Civil War – this is a thorough history of that bloody event told from the perspective of the UK.

      The UK was officially neutral. But that didn’t stop hundreds of British subject from joining up to fight on both sides. It also didn’t stop frenzied diplomatic efforts to turn the tide in the UK’s favour. And that led to incessant lobbying, fake-news, and skulduggery within the realm.

      Dr Foreman’s book is long and detailed. Perhaps a little too detailed. There are some excellent discussions of battles which – though important to the war – don’t really entangle with the British side of the story. The book occasionally gets bogged down in what I consider irrelevant details and diversionary footnotes.

    • Björn WärmedalPeople Are Actually Rational – Björn Wärmedal

      We’re all human (not you, search engine bot. Go away!), and humans are rational within their constraints. Initially I was going to title this post “Respect Legacy”, but it occurred to me that it applies equally to the present.

      Let me start with an anecdote. I had a very talented project manager at one point. We worked in a really big project within higher education, and by the time I joined the project was already a bunch of years old even though it wasn’t in production yet. Needless to say there was a lot of legacy code already. Since the project had gone through a few different phases and the technology landscape had changed radically during those years people would often stumbled over old code and ask why it had been written in that way to begin with.

    • Stacey on IoTPTC will acquire ServiceMax for $1.46B

      There are very real reasons that this deal makes sense. PTC, which started out as CAD software for manufacturers, has spent the last decade making acquisitions to transform itself into a source of cloud-based tools for digital transformation. It has purchased ThingWorx, Kepware, and Vuforia as part of a cluster of acquisitions to digitize manufacturing and use augmented reality to share digital factory information with workers.

    • Science

      • Algorithm for Optimal Decision-Making Under Heavy-Tailed Noisy Rewards

        Researchers at South Korea’s Chung-Ang University (CAU) and Ulsan Institute of Science and Technology created an algorithm that supports minimum loss under a maximum-loss scenario (minimax optimality) with minimal prior data. The algorithm addresses sub-optimal performance for heavy-tailed rewards by algorithms designed for stochastic multi-armed bandit (MAB) problems. CAU’s Kyungjae Lee said the researchers proposed minimax optimal robust upper confidence bound (MR-UCB) and adaptively perturbed exploration (MR-APE) methods. The team obtained gap-dependent and independent upper bounds of the cumulative regret, then assessed their methods via simulations conducted under Pareto and Fréchet noises. The researchers found MR-UCB outperformed other exploration techniques with stronger robustness and a greater number of actions under heavy-tailed noise; MR-UCB and MR-APE also could solve heavy-tailed synthetic and real-world stochastic MAB problems.

      • Matt RickardGenerative AI Value Chain

        As large-language models become more widespread, who captures most of the value from these products? A brief look at some possibilities.
        Incumbents that can layer in generative AI as a feature to existing application distribution.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • Declassified UKHow Jeremy Hunt’s mental health cuts fuelled terrorism

        Community organisers in Manchester say David Cameron’s aggressive foreign policy exposed a young generation of Libyans in Britain to extreme violence. And his austerity agenda – zealously implemented by Jeremy Hunt as Health Secretary – left them without psychological support to treat their trauma.

        The warning comes amid Hunt’s return to frontline politics as Chancellor, with a fresh round of spending cuts announced last week.

        Declassified spoke to Abdul-Basit Haroun, who used to chair a Libyan community group in Manchester. He took part in the uprising against Colonel Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, which Cameron’s government backed with airstrikes and boots on the ground.

    • Proprietary

      • Silicon AngleGoogle releases patch for zero-day Chrome vulnerability – SiliconANGLE

        Google LLC has begun rolling out a patch for a high-severity security vulnerability that affects the desktop version of its Chrome browser.

        The company disclosed the move in a Thursday blog post. The vulnerability, which is tracked as CVE-2022-4135, affects the Windows, Mac and Linux editions of Chrome. Google stated that the patch will roll out over the coming days and weeks.

    • Security

      • Privacy/Surveillance

        • VideoMillions of WhatsApp Contacts Are Being Sold by Hackers – Invidious

          In this video I discuss the recent WhatsApp data leak, and explain why something like this can’t happen on a platform like Signal.

        • Stacey on IoTWhat’s the future of voice in an economic downturn? – Stacey on IoT | Internet of Things news and analysis [Ed: Surveillance conflated with "voice"]

          Voice has been one of the most successful technologies of the last decade, especially when it comes to the smart home. Thanks to innovations in natural language processing (NLP) during the 2012-2015 time period, voice became ubiquitous on our phones and in our homes. But now, with news that Amazon is downsizing its Alexa business and that Google is questioning what it can eke out of its Google Assistant, it’s time to take a hard look at how to make money in voice and what the news about Amazon and Google’s struggles mean for the smart home.

          First up, voice and the smart home are related but entirely separate. Siri launched in 2011. IBM’s Watson was also playing Jeopardy back then. Thanks to hard work on speech-to-text and NLP software, we could talk to our phones and have them understand us — both to take transcription and complete programmed tasks. But speech wasn’t transformative on the phone, partly because the phone already had a pretty convenient and established user interface in touch and tapping. Many people were impressed, but talking to your phone to set an alarm or a reminder was still clunky and not in widespread use. It was a trick, not a transformational technology for most.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • Mark CurtisBritain’s covert war in Yemen – Mark Curtis

        The UK’s current war in Yemen is not the first time Britain has contributed to devastating the country. Sixty years ago, a coup in North Yemen prompted UK officials to begin a secret war that also led to tens of thousands of deaths – and, as now, no British minister was ever held to account.

        The brutal war in Yemen, which has raged since 2015, is the world’s worst humanitarian disaster. A delicate truce since April has reduced some of the horror, but that deal seems to be breaking down.

        It should be time to reflect about who, on all sides of the conflict, including in Britain, might be indicted for war crimes. Nearly 9,000 civilians have been killed in over 25,000 mainly Saudi air strikes which have been facilitated by Britain’s Royal Air Force. Many more tens of thousands have been killed in the conflict.

      • Mark CurtisWhen Britain backed Iran’s dictator – Mark Curtis

        The UK armed the Shah’s “autocracy” and directly aided his brutal security service in the decades leading up to the 1979 Islamic Revolution, declassified files show.

      • Mark CurtisBritain’s forgotten war for rubber – Mark Curtis

        70 years ago the UK stepped up a brutal colonial intervention in Malaya, presenting it as a war against Chinese communism. British forces herded hundreds of thousands of people into fortified camps, heavily bombed rural areas and resorted to extensive propaganda to win the conflict.

        The so-called “emergency” in Malaya – now Malaysia – between 1948 and 1960 was a counter-insurgency campaign waged by Britain against the Malayan National Liberation Army (MNLA).

        The MNLA sought independence from the British empire and to protect the interests of the Chinese community in the territory. Largely the creation of the Malayan Communist Party (MCP), the MNLA’s members were mainly Chinese.

        But although the war in southeast Asia has long been presented in most British analyses as a struggle against communism during the cold war, the MNLA received very little support from Soviet or Chinese communists.

        Rather, the major concern for British governments was protecting their commercial interests in the colony, which were mainly rubber and tin.

      • Mark CurtisBritain’s proxy war on Russia – Mark Curtis

        UK participation in the Ukraine conflict is far-reaching, involving military and intelligence support, arms supplies and information warfare. But as Ukraine makes gains on the battlefield, Whitehall sees the war not only as a way to defend Kyiv but to ensure the strategic defeat of its rival, Russia – a dangerous strategy.

        The Ukraine conflict is also a British one, given the extensive UK role in the war, with Whitehall supporting Kyiv to repel Russia’s brutal invasion in numerous ways outlined in this Explainer.

        However, UK governments do not go to war for moral or humanitarian purposes; only for strategic gain. In Ukraine, Whitehall’s main goal is to counter Russia, a power UK governments have long wanted to put back in its box and end Moscow’s independent foreign policy, which challenges NATO’s supremacy in the whole of Europe and, to an extent, the Middle East.

      • Declassified UKThe secretive US embassy-backed group cultivating the British left

        Three senior Labour politicians have recently joined a secretive lobby group which was set up in coordination with the US embassy in London to cultivate the British left, it can be revealed.

        Four senior members of Boris Johnson’s administration were also made fellows this year while working inside the UK government.

        The British-American Project (BAP) describes itself as “a transatlantic fellowship of over 1,200 leaders, rising stars and opinion formers from a broad spectrum of occupations, backgrounds and political views.” But the group does not formally disclose its funders or members.

    • Environment

      • Energy

        • DeadlineTom Brady, Giselle Bündchen, Larry David Sued In FTX Class Action Suit – Deadline

          “I’m never wrong about this stuff, never,” said a dismissive and scoffing Larry David earlier this year in that now infamous Super Bowl ad for investing in cryptocurrency exchange FTX.

          While the Seinfeld co-creator rejected the wheel, coffee, the U.S. Constitution, electricity, putting a man on the moon and more innovations in the much praised commercial, looks like David might have been right about the now collapsed FTX, for all the good it’s going to do him.

          Along with the likes of Tom Brady, Gisele Bundchen, Stephen Curry and the Golden State Warriors, Shaquille O’Neal, and Naomi Osaka, David is now a defendant in a class action suit against the now hollowed out FTX and its ex-CEO Sam Bankman-Fried.

        • CoryDoctorowTracers in the Dark

          In Tracers in the Dark, Andy Greenberg traces the fascinating, horrifying, and complicated story of the battle over Bitcoin secrecy, as law enforcement agencies, tax authorities and private-sector sleuths seek to trace and attribute the cryptocurrency used in a variety of crimes, some relatively benign (selling weed online), some absolutely ghastly (selling videos of child sex abuse).

        • VoxFTX and Sam Bankman-Fried have collapsed. Will all of crypto go, too? – Vox

          Crypto is the cat with nine lives, but some wonder if FTX might be the last one.

          It would be easy to write crypto’s obituary right now. The technological ecosystem has never quite managed to justify the logic of its existence or reach the mass adoption its boosters have promised for years. The latest crypto winter is turning into the crypto ice age, with company after company appearing to be in trouble and, at the very least, facing questions about their stability.

          Months of turmoil in the space have culminated in the spectacular implosion of crypto exchange FTX and the incredible downfall of its founder, Sam Bankman-Fried. His business operations have been revealed to be a disaster, and Bankman-Fried as a deeply unserious person and potential fraudster.

    • Finance

      • Benjamin Mako HillThe Financial Times has been printing an obvious error on its ‘Market Data’ page for 18 months and nobody else seems to have noticed – copyrighteous

        If you’ve flipped through printed broadsheet newspapers, you’ve probably seen pages full of tiny text listing prices and other market information for stocks and commodities. And you’ve almost certainly just turned the page. Anybody interested in this market prices today will turn to the internet where these numbers are available in real time and where you don’t need to squint to find what you need. This is presumably why many newspapers have stopped printing these types of pages or dramatically reduced the space devoted to them. Major financial newspapers however—like the Financial Times (FT)—still print multiple pages of market data daily. But does anybody read them?

        The answer appears to be “no.” How do I know? I noticed an error in the FT‘s “Market Data” page that anybody looking in the relevant section of the page would have seen. And I have watched it been reproduced every single day for the last 18 months.


        I respect that some people think that printing paper newspapers at all is wasteful when one can just read the material online. Plenty of people disagree, of course. But who will disagree with a call to stop printing material that evidence suggests is not being seen by anybody? If an error this obvious can exist for so long, it seems clear that nobody—not even anybody at the FT itself—is reading it.

      • David RosenthalDSHR’s Blog: The Stablecoin Saga

        The two US banks are Silvergate and Signature. First, Signature, which in 2019 started to focus on cryptocurrencies. In Q1 2022 their “digital asset” related deposits had more than doubled in a year, to about $64B. Second, Silvergate, which has almost no retail business and only one branch. Their “digital asset” related deposits, essentially their entire business, in Q1 2022 were about $13.5B. Combined, this $77.5B closely matched the issuance of Tether at that point, and these deposits had closely tracked that issuance since at least 2020.


        The problem that these minor stablecoins are solving is how to turn fiat currency into balances in Tether, the most widely accepted stablecoin. The fiat buys one of the minor stablecoins at some loosely regulated exchange, and redeems it for USD at one of the “crypto-banks”. The USD then “buys” USDT, not by transferring USD to Tether but by increasing the value represented by “commercial paper”.

      • The AtlanticThe Housing Crisis Is Breaking People’s Brains – The Atlantic

        Once you accept the existence of a housing shortage, the obvious policy response is to build a bunch of homes. Research looking at San Francisco, New York, Boston, and 52,000 residents across 12 U.S. metropolitan areas have all found that new housing brings down prices. This research makes intuitive sense: If new housing is built, most of the people who move in first vacate other units. Those units then become available to newcomers, and so on. Solving a supply problem is of course harder than making the number of homes equal the number of people—different people want different sorts of homes—but the fundamental point is that we need more homes near good jobs and schools, and that give people access to the communities and amenities that make life more enjoyable.

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • ScheerpostThe Corporate Media Deference That Endangers Us All

        It is utterly inexcusable for AP to continue to protect the anonymity of a government official who fed them such a profoundly significant falsehood.

        This didn’t just affect AP staff, it affected the whole world; we deserve to know what happened and who was responsible, and AP has no business obstructing that knowledge from us.

        LaPorta’s firing looks like this is yet another instance where the least powerful person involved in a debacle is being made to take the fall for it.

        A powerful intelligence official will suffer no consequences for feeding false information to the press — thereby ensuring that it will happen again — and no disciplinary action will be taken against LaPorta’s superiors, despite the absolute buffoonery that subsequent reporting has revealed on their part.


        These are the people who publish the news reports we read to find out what’s happening in the world. This is the baby-brained level of thinking these people are serving the public interest with.

      • The Politicians Who Destroyed Our Democracy Want Us to Vote for Them to Save It

        We should have walked out on the Democratic Party and mounted a serious opposition movement while we still had a chance.

      • Misinformation/Disinformation/Propaganda

        • The Washington PostHow TikTok Ate the Internet

          In five years, TikTok, once written off as a silly dance-video fad, has become one of the most prominent, discussed, distrusted, technically sophisticated and geopolitically complicated juggernauts on the Internet.

          On the night Shelby Renae first went viral on TikTok, she felt so giddy she could barely sleep. She’d spent the evening painting her nails, refreshing her phone between each finger — 20,000 views; 40,000 — and by the next morning, after her video crossed 3 million views, she decided it had changed her life.

          She didn’t really understand why it had done so well. The 16-second clip of her playing the video game “Fortnite” was funny, she thought — but not, like, millions-of-views funny. She wasn’t a celebrity: She grew up in Idaho; her last job was at a pizza shop. But this was just how the world’s most popular app worked. TikTok’s algorithm had made her a star.

          Now 25, she spends her days making TikTok videos from her apartment in Los Angeles, negotiating advertising deals and always chasing the next big hit. Many days, she feels drained — by the endless scramble for new content; by the weird mysteries of TikTok’s algorithm; by the stalkers, harassers and trolls. Yet still, in her off hours, she does what all her friends do: watches TikTok. “It will suck you in for hours,” she said.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • The AtlanticEmpires of Soccer – The Atlantic

        The England captain, Harry Kane, had wanted to wear an armband bearing the symbol during the tournament to showcase his opposition to the laws in Qatar that criminalize homosexuality, but was dissuaded from doing so by a threat of sanctions from FIFA.

    • Monopolies

      • Feds likely to challenge Microsoft’s $69 billion Activision takeover – POLITICO

        The Federal Trade Commission is likely to file an antitrust lawsuit to block Microsoft’s $69 billion takeover of video game giant Activision Blizzard, maker of the hit games Call of Duty and Candy Crush, according to three people with knowledge of the matter.

        A lawsuit would be the FTC’s biggest move yet under Chair Lina Khan to rein in the power of the world’s largest technology companies. It would also be a major black mark for Microsoft, which has positioned itself as a white knight of sorts on antitrust issues in the tech sector after going through its own grueling regulatory antitrust battles around the world more than two decades ago.

        Central to the FTC’s concerns is whether acquiring Activision would give Microsoft an unfair boost in the video game market. Microsoft’s Xbox is number three to the industry-leading Sony Interactive Entertainment and its PlayStation console. Sony, however, has emerged as the deal’s primary opponent, telling the FTC and regulators in other countries that if Microsoft made hit games like Call of Duty exclusive to its platforms Sony would be significantly disadvantaged.

  • Gemini* and Gopher

    • Personal

      • 🔤SpellBinding: EYLOSXG Wordo: SMUTS
      • Buy Nothing Day 2022

        I didn’t buy anything today. I didn’t work today either. I usually
        work on Buy Nothing Day [1] since I do not participate in Black
        Friday. This year, I did not work. What I did was meet with some
        friends, ate leftovers with the family, went on a couple walks in
        the park, hung out here and there on aNONradio, and did some domestic

      • Stop the clock

        I find myself walking down Main Street. There’s a feeling of celerity propelling me towards a matter of trivial importance. I always feel like I’m running late. Like a white rabbit nervously glancing at the time. It’s not the deadlines at work that have me worried. I don’t have any appointments or lunch dates in my calendar. I feel like the metronome that I march to exists only in my mind.

        I am approaching the middle of my life but this is hardly a crisis. It’s more like unfinished business. Like waking up before the dream ends. I have surrounded myself with unfinished projects. Discarded dreams. Futures left unrealised. My home is a multiverse of threads that were never pulled. I notice them as I walk past, regarding them with the same enthusiasm I would afford an old acquaintance. A slight nod, maybe a wave, a brief exchange and I’m on my way to my next date with destiny. No doubt I will stand her up once again

    • Technical

      • vi Exit Strategies

        This is for ex-vi as seen in OpenBSD. Other flavors of vi may have fewer, more, or different options available. Some of these will fail if the buffer has been modified, e.g. :q would need to become :q! or :wq and ZZ might need to be ZZZZ if the vi has the “more files to edit” bug.

      • Re: I Don’t Run Session Zero

        Malin doesn’t run a session zero
        and I couldn’t disagree more.

        Now, I do a session zero maybe… a third of the time? Two-fifths? It’s hard to say because it’s increasingly often. It’s not a hard and fast rule but it’s just often been more helpful than not.

      • bookmarklet collection!

        I’m collecting bookmarklets because it seems a lot of people forget they exist, or what they’re capable of, then end up making add-ons when they don’t need to.

      • Internet/Gemini

        • Late-November Capsule Status

          I’ve posted almost no logs in the second half of November, but Rob’s Capsule is certainly not dormant. Most of my capsule updates have come in the form of posting daily results from “Where in the World?” by acidus^, which I’ve greatly enjoyed playing. The rest of my capsule activity has mostly been edits and corrections to existing documents.

          I haven’t had a lot of time or motivation to write recently, largely because of other events happening in my life. There have been a few discussion topics floating around in my head, but if I don’t feel sufficiently moved to write about them, I worry that my logs will sound forced or low-effort.

          That doesn’t mean I haven’t been working on new things for the capsule either. I’ve been working on some CGI content behind the scenes, at least one of which I hope to have live by the end of this weekend.

      • Programming

        • Language levels problems with Rust while learning day 1

          I started learning Rust recently as on of the other maintainers of Drogon tries and likes it. And C++ have it’s own pile of problems. Not saying I don’t like C++ anymore just that I’m trying to learn something new. In the process I found a few places I dislike about Rust. Especially from the point of view of a HPC programmer.

* Gemini (Primer) links can be opened using Gemini software. It’s like the World Wide Web but a lot lighter.

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