12.01.22

Links 01/12/2022: NixOS 22.11 Released and Genode OS 22.11 is Ready

Posted in News Roundup at 1:38 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • 9to5LinuxSystem76’s Rust-Based COSMIC Desktop Promises HDR Support, Smooth NVIDIA Experience

        As you probably know already, System76 decided a few months ago that it’s time to create its own Linux desktop environment that’s not based on an existing desktop environment. System76’s in-house distribution Pop!_OS Linux currently features a graphical desktop environment derived from GNOME, called COSMIC.

        Future versions of the COSMIC desktop won’t be based on GNOME, but written from scratch in Rust. It will have its own Wayland compositor, called Victoria, which is being developed as we speak with better support for features like HiDPI, HDR, and fractional scaling, as well as tiling and a smooth experience for NVIDIA GPU users.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • The BSD Now PodcastBSD Now 483: ZFS Time Machine

        Research Unix Version 6 in the Open SIMH PDP-11 Emulator, The Hot Tub Time Machine is Your ZFS Turn-Back-Time Method, NFS on NetBSD: server and client side, HardenedBSD October 2022 Status Report, Nushell : Introduction, and more

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • H2S MediaHow To Install Bitcoin Core wallet on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS

        Bitcoin Core is open-source software that connects to the Bitcoin peer-to-peer network to download and fully validate blocks and transactions. It also includes a wallet and graphical user interface. It ensures every block and transaction it accepts is valid. This wallet is a full node that validates and relays transactions on the Bitcoin network. This means no trust in a third party is required when verifying payments. Here we learn how to install BitCoin core on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy JellyFish.

      • Network WorldLinux bash tips: Many ways to loop using bash [Ed: GNU Bash, not "Linux bash". Linux has no bash implementation.]

        The bash shell provides a superb functionality when it comes to writing scripts. This includes many ways to loop through a pile of data so that you can get a lot done with one running of a script. Whether you’re looping through a large group of numeric values, days of the week, usernames, words, files, or something else entirely, bash has an option that can make it easy for you.

      • ID RootHow To Install Akaunting on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Akaunting on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Akaunting is a free, open-source, and online accounting software for small businesses and freelancers. It is used for creating and managing invoices, quotes, and finances. Any user who wants to use the Akaunting for small and medium business or personal usage can access it locally or remotely with the help of the internet and browser, once installed.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Akaunting on Ubuntu 22.04 (Jammy Jellyfish). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 22.04 and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint, Elementary OS, Pop!_OS, and more as well.

      • DebugPointHow to Install Flatpak Apps in Ubuntu and Other Linux

        Flatpak is the new way of distributing apps across the Linux universe, irrespective of the distribution. This cross-distro application distribution and deployment framework enable developers to Flatpak setup for apps for all major distributions.

        The major hurdles in any Linux app distribution are dependencies, and Flatpak covers that. Flatpak builds bundles the dependencies for the respective apps, and end-users need not worry about it.

      • DebugPointHow to Install Notepad++ in Ubuntu and Other Linux

        This quick beginner’s guide will help you to install Notepad++ in Ubuntu and Fedora.

        Notepad++ is a very popular free developer-friendly text editor and is primarily popular in Windows systems. However, you can easily install this in Linux systems thanks to snap.

      • HowTo ForgeHow to Install Flask with Nginx and Gunicorn on Rocky Linux

        Flask is a microframework written in Python for developing modern web applications and API (Application Programming Interface).

      • HowTo ForgeHow to Install and Use Nessus Security Scanner on Rocky Linux

        Nessus is an open-source network vulnerability scanner for vulnerability assessments, penetration testing, and ethical hacking.

      • HowTo ForgeHow to Install ReactJS with Nginx on Ubuntu 22.04

        React.js is a free and open-source JavaScript framework developed by Facebook in 2011.

      • OSNoteHow to Install OpenLiteSpeed Web Server on Debian 11 – OSNote

        OpenLiteSpeed is an open-source HTTP server with a similar feature set to Apache but builds on more recent technologies.

        OpenLiteSpeed is powered by the extremely fast LiteSpeed Web Server, which excels in both performance and stability – it’s up to 20 times faster than Apache when serving static files.

        It also has built-in caching for dynamic content, load balancing, compression, and security features not found in most other web servers.

        The LiteMage Cache & Accelerator Module supports cache digests (HTTP conditional GET/POST requests), bytecode caching, PHP accelerators, and SCGI cache support to further improve responsiveness for end-users.

      • OSNoteHow to Install and Use Java JDK on Debian 11 – OSNote

        Java is one of the most popular programming languages. Java is portable, which means you can make your code run on different types of computers without having to rewrite it. It’s also object-oriented, which means that it enables programmers to write reusable software components.

      • Linux CapableHow to Install NVIDIA Drivers on CentOS 9/8 Stream

        When it comes to graphics drivers for NVIDIA video cards, there are two main options: the proprietary/open-source NVIDIA drivers or the open-source Nouveau drivers. Most importantly, the Nouveau drivers are perfectly acceptable; however, if you use your Linux system for activities requiring high-performance graphics, you may want to consider using the official NVIDIA drivers. The Nouveau drivers are community-created and -supported drivers that are available free of charge; however, they may not offer the same level of performance as the NVIDIA drivers. Ultimately, deciding which driver to use depends on your needs and preferences.

        The following tutorial will teach you how to install the NVIDIA drivers on CentOS 9 or 8 Stream using the command line terminal using the Nvidia CUDA repository so you have the latest version of Nvidia Drivers installed on your system.

      • Red Hat OfficialTroubleshoot node connectivity issues in Ansible Automation Platform controller | Enable Sysadmin

        Check connectivity to hosts you’re managing with your AAP controller and get a spreadsheet-based summary of any exceptions.

      • Barry KaulerBoot-partition mounts as msdos instead of vfat

        If you click on the boot-partition of the usb-stick, it will mount and will show in the file manager, as expected; however, it has mounted as the title says, as an msdos filesystem instead of vfat.

        Way back in the early days of the FAT filesystem, all files were “8.3″, that is, maximum eight-character name and maximum three-character extension. Microsoft introduced an extension to allow longer filenames, and also to store upper-case and lower-case characters — though FAT remained case-insensitive.

        The old 8.3 is what we call the “msdos” filesystem, and the extension is “vfat”. The problem that has mysteriously appeared is that when click on the boot-partition, it mounts as msdos.

    • Games

      • Boiling SteamThe Steam Deck Orders Are Proceeding in Japan – Boiling Steam

        It’s official, after the announcement on twitter yesterday, it seems like Valve and Komodo have finally got their act together to ship some units to Japan, planning to meet their plans of “delivering all units by the end of the year” at the last minute of the last hour. Now the question is whether Santa or Komodo will be first to deliver presents.

        [...]

        The email basically invites you to go and pay within 3 days to validate your order, just like in other geographies. Note that the shipment will happen actually later, on the 17th of December and not before. As the Japan delivery services tend to be super quick, I would not be surprised if the first people get it on the 17th or on the 18th at the earliest.

      • Telex (Hungary)American murderer who blamed role-playing game for his actions released from prison after 38 years – Telex finds out
      • Ubuntu PitBest Linux Gaming Distros: 10 Shortlisted Recommendations

        In the past, Linux was not a viable option for gamers seeking stability and performance. However, now there are hundreds of different Linux distributions that can be used for various purposes–including gaming! Although it is not as popularized, there are some great Linux gaming distributions that provide excellent performance, stability, and flexibility. These best Linux gaming distros come equipped with features such as innovative drivers, software, emulators, and much more to ensure a smooth gaming experience. The following gaming Linux distributions have been designed to enable a user to install and play games easily.

        [...]

        We have compiled a list of the best Linux gaming distros that come pre-optimized for gaming. These distros have all been handpicked and tested by our team to ensure the highest quality possible. So without further ado, here is the list of the Best Linux Gaming Distros.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • OpenSource.com5 reasons I use the Dolphin file manager on Linux | Opensource.com

          Computers are basically fancy file cabinets, full of folders and files waiting to be referenced, cross-referenced, edited, updated, saved, copied, moved, renamed, and organized. Of course, the files and folders are only virtual, and so software developers came up with the modern “desktop” user interface. Your screen is the top of your “desk,” which you can use as a surface for taking out files from their folders so you can review and work on them. The analogy seems almost quaint these days because computers are so much more than just a filing cabinet. And yet the model remains, for many of us, as the primary way we interact with data on our personal computers, which makes humble file manager software some of the most important applications you use.

          The KDE Plasma Desktop provides Dolphin as its file manager. At first glance, it’s a simple and almost minimal application. Don’t let that fool you, though. There’s a lot of potential in how you interact with the files on your computer, and Dolphin recognizes that. Here are five of my favorite Dolphin features.

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • OMG UbuntuMetagedit is a Featured-Packed Plugin for Gedit Text Editor – OMG! Ubuntu!

          Metagedit is a powerful Python-based plugin for the Gedit text editor that adds a flurry of additional features to the famed FOSS tool.

          Although Gedit was replaced by the (GNOME) Text Editor app in Ubuntu 22.10 it remains available to install from the Ubuntu repos, and is still the default text editor in earlier versions, including Ubuntu 22.04 LTS.

          And while Gedit is not everyone’s text editor of choice it has a solid feature set, is a native Linux app, and integrates perfectly with the GNOME desktop. For basic to intermediate needs like mine (I mainly edit .css, .js, and .php files) Gedit is everything I need.

  • Distributions and Operating Systems

    • Reviews

      • Web Pro NewsLinux Distro Reviews: Zorin OS

        Zorin OS is an excellent Linux distro aimed at new users, although it offers a little something for everyone.

        Although I briefly played with Linux Mandrake and Caldera Linux a couple of decades ago, Zorin OS was my first introduction to Linux when I decided to switch from the Mac in early 2022. Since I am a former Mac user, where UI design plays a major part in the Apple experience, I was attracted to the professional design of Zorin OS and its desktop-centric focus.

    • New Releases

      • 9to5LinuxNixOS 22.11 “Raccoon” Released with GNOME 43, KDE Plasma 5.26, and OpenSSL 3

        Coming six months after NixOS 22.05 “Quokka”, NixOS 22.11 “Raccoon” is here with new and updated packages, as well as new features like support for more secure algorithms for software and system login passwords through the implementation of the libxcrypt library, nsncd as a replacement of nscd for resolving hostnames, users, etc., as well as support for enabling the use of NVIDIA’s open-source kernel driver.

        The NixOS 22.11 release also comes with OpenSSL 3, OpenSSH 9.1, PHP 8.1, Perl 5.36, and Python 3.10 by default, support for Linode cloud images, native compilation support for the emacs package, markdown generated NixOS documentation, Nix 2.11.0 package management system, and support for the latest GNOME 43 and KDE Plasma 5.26 desktop environment series.

      • NixOS 22.11 manual

        The NixOS release team is happy to announce a new version of NixOS 22.11. NixOS is both a Linux distribution, and a set of packages usable on other Linux systems and macOS.

        This release is supported until the end of June 2023, handing over to NixOS 23.05.

      • NixOS 22.11 released

        Hey everyone, we are Martin Weinelt and Janne Heß, the release managers for this stable release and we are very proud to announce the public availability of NixOS 22.11 “Raccoon”.

        This release will receive bugfixes and security updates for seven months (up until 2023-06-30).

      • ArcoLinux v22.12 | ArcoLinux

        MANY NEW DESKTOPS HAVE ARRIVED

        New desktop CHADWM – TWM

        We have also added the desktop Chadwm to the list in the ArcoLinux Tweak Tool.

      • GenodeGenode – Release notes for the Genode OS Framework 22.11

        With version 22.11, we pursued two new exploratory topics as we envisioned on the project’s road map for this year, namely the use of the framework for hardware-software co-design work, and principally enabling suspend/resume functionality on PCs.

        A decade ago, we explored the combination of Genode with FPGA technology for the first time. Our interest in this direction got reignited two years ago when we started enabling Genode on a board based on the Xilinx Zynq, which combines an ARMv7 SoC with FPGA fabric. This line of work eventually culminated in new development work flows for creating hardware IP cores and Genode components in tandem. Section Hardware-software co-design with Genode on Xilinx Zynq covers the results of this line of work.

        The second largely exploratory topic is the practical use of sleep states on PC hardware, which – until this point – remained rather mysterious to us. Section Low-level mechanism for suspend/resume on PC platforms reports on our findings and the forthcoming integration of this feature into Genode.

        Besides the exploration work, the profound enhancement of our Intel GPU multiplexer stands out. As detailed in Section Hardware-accelerated graphics with Intel GEN12+ GPUs, the new version supports up-to-date GEN12+ GPUs, comes with numerous robustness and performance improvements, and got adapted to Genode’s new uniform driver infrastructure.

        The latter point brings us to the most elaborate development under the hood of the framework, which is the great unification of the device-driver interfaces across all supported architectures. Section Uniform use of new platform-driver interface wraps up this intensive line of work, which left no PC-related driver unturned.

        A recurring theme throughout this year is the use of Genode on the PinePhone. The current release is no exception. Sections Emerging Sculpt OS variant for the PinePhone and PinePhone drivers for audio, camera, and power control report on the progress at the user-facing side as well as the driver-related achievements digging deep into the realms of power management, audio, and the camera.

        Among the many further topics of the current release are virtualization on PC and ARM (Sections ARM virtual machine monitor and Seoul VMM), plenty of device-driver improvements, and enhanced tooling that makes the framework ever more enjoyable to use (Section Build system and tools).

    • SUSE/OpenSUSE

      • OpenSUSENano, VirtualBox update in Tumbleweeds

        A steady pace of openSUSE Tumbleweed snapshots arrived to users this week and there were tons of conversation on the openSUSE Factory mailing list regarding plans to advance the rolling release’s microarchitecture and discussions about the mitigation plan/call for help.

        The changes to x86-64-v2 are expected to take place in the first quarter of the 2023 new year and forthcoming changes will be communicated on both the mailing list and blog.

        A single package arrived in snapshot 20221128. The Skype plugin for chat client Pidgin, skype4pidgin, updated to version 1.7. The plugin fixed the loss of admin rights when joining a room, problems with file transfers through the client and issues where people were not appearing as being online.

        An update of gawk 5.2.1 arrived in snapshot 20221127. The utility fixed issues with the debugger, dropped a few patches and addressed some subtle issues with untyped array elements being passed to functions. The general purpose cryptographic library package libgcrypt, which is based on code from GnuPG, updated to version 1.10.1 and fixed minor memory leaks. The package was updated to improve support for PowerPC architectures and it added the hardware optimizations configuration file hwf.deny to the /etc/gcrypt/ directory. There was also a git+ update of kdump, an update of heaptrack 1.4.0, iputils 20221126 and libeconf 0.4.9, which added new Application Programming Interface calls and fixed some compiling issues.

    • Red Hat / IBM

      • Enterprisers ProjectProduct experience and engineering: A day in the life | The Enterprisers Project

        One of the biggest misconceptions about tech executives is that we are born self-assured and confident, have all the credentials, and are motivated to climb the ranks. But early on, I walked a winding path through many disciplines, including account management, business management, photography, and design. Because I don’t have a college degree, I felt I had to prove myself – even as my work responsibilities grew.

        It took me years to realize the truth: I struggled with imposter syndrome for most of my professional life – that nagging voice that tells you you’re not going to make it past a certain level in the industry. In many ways, I held myself back more than anyone else did.

      • Enterprisers ProjectWhy security should be on every IT department’s end-of-year agenda

        As we approach the last month of Q4, all eyes are set on planning for 2023.

        From budget to headcount to the product roadmap, there are a variety of subjects on every organization’s agenda. For IT teams, these agendas get more specified and granular, as they are responsible for the tools and investments that will keep the infrastructure running and secure for the next year.

        With that in mind, what should be on your IT department’s agenda between now and the end of the year? What is important and time-sensitive enough to ideate on in the next month?

        In short, the answer is security. There are various reasons that security should be on every IT department’s end-of-year IT agenda. Read on for the top three.

      • Red HatTop Linux resources of 2022 | Red Hat Developer

        As we head towards the end of 2022, Red Hat Developer is taking a look back at the most intriguing and popular content for the technologies that matter most to our readers. We’ll start off with a roundup of the best Red Hat Enterprise Linux content of 2022, highlighting some of the most popular stories about Red Hat’s flagship Linux distribution.

    • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

      • UbuntuTelco network healing and auto-scaling with Open Source MANO TWELVE | Ubuntu

        The second Open Source MANO (OSM) release with Long Term Support (LTS) has landed. Open Source MANO Release TWELVE offers two years of support with security patches. The release has outstanding features to offer to both VNF vendors and system integrators residing in the MANO (Management and Network Orchestration) ecosystem. ETSI OSM (Open Source MANO) can be integrated with multiple cloud platforms and virtual infrastructure managers (VIM). Service providers and operators leverage the OSM platform to run services either on virtual machines (VMs) or containerised frameworks, i.e Kubernetes. This release offers the much-awaited features of auto-scaling and auto-healing for telco networks.

        [...]

        Seamless upgrades to running CNF instances give better flexibility to apply Day-2 primitives without having to stop them first. It enables operators to apply new changes. The release TWELVE webinar demonstrated a similar feature by deploying a CNF on the Kubernetes cluster. Day-2 primitives were performed on a running CNF.

        [...]

        OSM Release TWELVE brings valuable features to OSM by targeting practical use cases. VNF vendors and service providers can leverage new LTS releases and benefit from multi-cloud platforms and live upgrade compatibility. OSM is at the heart of the NFV domain delivering compelling features for innovators to focus on cost optimisation, network automation and enhancements as technology evolves. Release TWELVE delivers features like auto-scaling and auto-healing to telcos for their mission critical and production grade networks. It enables flexibility and agility for networks so VNF/CNF vendors can focus on delivering quality services.

    • Open Hardware/Modding

      • HacksterCharles Lohr’s Linux-Capable Really Tiny RISC-V Emulator Exists in a Single 400-Line C Header File – Hackster.io

        Electrical engineer Charles Lohr has built a 32-bit RISC-V emulator with a difference: it exists as a single C header file, of around 400 lines of code — yet is capable of running Linux, despite a lack of memory management unit (MMU).

        “I’ve been working really hard over the last few weeks on this little tiny RISC-V emulator. The really tiny part about is is that it doesn’t have an MMU which is something that virtually all desktop modern processors have,” Lohr explains. “The reason I wanted to do this was I wanted to see if I could run Linux on it. Something that was close to but not as simple as an ESP32-C3. And well the answer was. Yes. In fact I was able to write a really tiny RISC-V emulator. The actual emulator part all exists in this one function in this header file and it was only around 350, 400 lines of code. And it’s able to run Linux and I’m able to have executables and whatever on it.”

      • CNX SoftwareInkplate 2 is a 2.13-inch WiFi ePaper display programmable with Arduino or MicroPython (Crowdfunding) – CNX Software

        The InkPlate 2 is mostly designed to be programmed in the Arduino IDE using the Inkplate library itself based on the Adafruit GFX library, and with several code samples albeit none of which are specifically designed for the 2.13-inch wireless display at this time. There are two other ways to control the display either with MicroPython or using the board as a peripheral receiving UART commands from a host microcontroller to update the display.

      • Raspberry Pi768 teams of young people have entered Astro Pi Mission Space Lab 2022/23

        This year, 768 teams made up of 3086 young people from 23 countries sent us their ideas for experiments to run on board the International Space Station (ISS) for Astro Pi Mission Space Lab.

      • HackadayA Weather Station For Whether It Rains Or Shines

        [Giovanni Aggiustatutto] creates a DIY weather station to measure rain fall, wind direction, humidity and temperature. [Giovanni] has been working on various parts of the weather station, including the rain gauge and anemometer, with the weather station build incorporating all these past projects and adding a few extra features for measurement and access.

    • Mobile Systems/Mobile Applications

  • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

    • OpenSource.comIntangible gift ideas with open source in mind

      In terms of intangible gifts you give others, find fun small projects where you’re exploring something that nobody in the world has ever done before. Before the pandemic, I decided to upload an 8K digital storytelling video to YouTube, created using LibreOffice Draw. Of the 8 billion people living on planet Earth, there’s (roughly speaking) one person using LibreOffice Draw to create 8K videos on YouTube. That would be me. And, in the process of doing so, I teach others how they can do so, too.

      Let me leave you with one last thought. Open source is not only a software creation method, it is an approach to living one’s life. I find it an enriching way to live one’s life—and this enrichment can be given to others.

    • MedevelTANIA is an Open-source Free Farmer Assistant And Smart Farming Solution

      Tania is a free and open source farm management software. You can manage your farm areas, farm reservoirs, farm tasks, inventories, and the crop growing progress. It is designed for any type of farms.

      Tania is written in the Go programming language, which means it runs directly as a binary software without the need for software like MAMP, XAMPP, or WAMPP. However, you may need MySQL if you decide to use it instead of SQLite.

    • Events

    • Web Browsers/Web Servers

      • Chromium

        • GoogleChrome Releases: Chrome Beta for Android Update

          Hi everyone! We’ve just released Chrome Beta 109 (109.0.5414.23) for Android. It’s now available on Google Play.

          You can see a partial list of the changes in the Git log. For details on new features, check out the Chromium blog, and for details on web platform updates, check here.

        • GoogleChrome Beta for iOS Update
      • Mozilla

        • MozillaPulse Joins the Mozilla Family to Help Develop a New Approach to Machine Learning

          I’m proud to announce that we have acquired Pulse, an incredible team that has developed some truly novel machine learning approaches to help streamline the digital workplace. The products that Raj, Jag, Rolf, and team have built are a great demonstration of their creativity and skill, and we’re incredibly excited to bring their expertise into our organization. They will spearhead our efforts in applied ethical machine learning, as we invest to make Mozilla products more personal, starting with Pocket.

          Machine learning (ML) has become a powerful driver of product experience. At its best, it helps all of us to have better, richer experiences across the web. Building ML models to drive these experiences requires data on people’s preferences, behaviors, and actions online, and that’s why Mozilla has taken a very cautious approach in applying ML in our own product experiences. It is possible to build machine learning models that act in service of the people on the internet, transparently, respectful of privacy, and built from the start with a focus on equity and inclusion. In short, Mozilla will continue its tradition of DOING: building products that serve as examples of a better way forward for the industry, a way forward that puts people first.

        • DebugPointDownload Firefox Browser: All Version Links and Details

          This reference page contains all the links to Firefox browser downloads, including stable, beta, and developer editions.

          Firefox is the world’s leading free and open-source web browser available for all platforms. You can download and install it for Linux, Windows, macOS, and mobile phones. Developed by Mozilla Corporation, it is a modern web browser that supports all the modern web tech and formats, powered by the Gecko engine.

    • SaaS/Back End/Databases

      • Joe BrockmeierHello Percona!

        Happy to share that I started a new job this week as Head of Community at Percona! I know it’s traditional to talk about how excited you are for a new job, but it’s true, I’m really psyched about the opportunity, the team I’ll be working with and Percona as a company.

        Percona’s philosophy and mission align really nicely with my personal values. Percona is committed to open source and helping its customers succeed with open source databases. Not open core, open source.

        The commitment to open source is massively important to me. I consider myself to be fairly pragmatic about open source, but I do believe that being genuinely committed to open source is best for the company, its customers and the larger ecosystem. Done right, everybody wins. Finding that balance is hard, no doubt, but the work is worthwhile and I’m here for it.

    • Productivity Software/LibreOffice/Calligra

      • Document FoundationGetting Started Guide 7.4 and Impress Guide 7.4 Available for Download

        The LibreOffice Documentation Team announces the immediate availability of the Impress Guide 7.4 and Getting Started Guide 7.4

        The Impress Guide 7.4 was coordinated by Peter Schofield and revised by Kees Kriek. The guide is available in PDF as well as in ODF formats. An online version is available in the bookshelf website.

    • Programming/Development

      • Drew DeVaultI shall toil at a reduced volume

        Over the last nine years I have written 300,000 words for this blog on the topics which are important to me. I am not certain that I have much left to say.

        I can keep revisiting these topics for years, each time adding a couple more years of wisdom and improvements to my writing skills to present my arguments more effectively. However, I am starting to feel diminishing returns from my writing. It does not seem like my words are connecting with readers anymore. And, though the returns on my work seem to be diminishing, the costs are not. Each new article spurs less discussion than the last, but provides an unwavering supply of spiteful responses.

      • MedevelAgile UI – Low-code PHP Framework

        Agile Toolkit is a Low Code framework written in PHP. Agile UI implement server side rendering engine and over 50 UI generic components for interacting with your Data Model.

      • OpenSource.comLearn JavaScript in 2023 | Opensource.com

        With JavaScript’s 27th anniversary approaching in just a few days, we at Opensource.com are reflecting on how it has evolved into one of the most commonly-used programming language in the world. Why is it so popular? JavaScript is a universal language beloved by developers of all levels from beginners to advanced users. It can run anywhere from your phone to your server. And of course, there are the frameworks. From ReactJS to AureliaJS, there’s a framework for nearly every use case. Best of all, JavaScript is supported by a thriving open source community.

        To celebrate JavaScript’s milestone, we’ve put together a collection of JavaScript tutorials to help you continue your development journey. Authors Mandy Kendall, Seth Kenlon, Jessica Cherry, Sachin Samal, Ajay Pratap, and Ramakrishna Pattnaik contributed to this downloadable eBook. With it, you’ll have a chance to practice your JavaScript code by writing a guessing game. Then get familiar with React and even build your own app. This JavaScript guide gives you quick access to more than 165 terms you need to know to level up your skills.

      • Perl / Raku

        • PerlMaking GitHub CI work with Perl 5.8. [Ed: Perl should spend no time and effort cushioning Microsoft proprietary software that's a major threat to security (can quietly introduce back doors at compile time)]

          A while back. I got a pull request from Gabor Szabo adding a GitHub action to one of my distributions. I have been working with this, but have not (so far) blogged about it because, quite frankly, I am still not sure I know what I am doing.

      • Rust

  • Leftovers

    • HackadayBuilding Your Own Consensus

      With billions of computers talking to each other daily, how do they decide anything? Even in a database or server deployment, how do the different computers that make up the database decide what values have been committed? How do they agree on what time it is? How do they come to a consensus?

    • HackadayMechanical Keyboard With A Framework Inside

      Like the Commodore 64 and other keyboard computers of yore, the [Elevated Systems]’s CJ64 fits all of its processing and I/O into a single keyboard-shaped package.

    • Science

      • DeSmogHeartland Institute’s Survey Actually Supports the 97% Climate Science Consensus It’s Trying to Attack

        The Heartland Institute, a self-described free-market think tank notorious for its climate science denial efforts, is at it again. This time, Heartland is frantically spinning the results of a survey it commissioned in its latest attempt to dispute the robust scientific consensus on climate change. 

        To be clear, climate experts overwhelmingly agree that climate change is happening and that humans are primarily responsible. And there’s plenty of evidence about that consensus.

      • HackadayJCB Is Exploring Hydrogen Combustion Engines For Construction Machinery

        When we think about greening up the planet, solar panels and electric cars are often at the forefront of our mind. However, there’s a whole bunch of other things out there that are spewing out carbon dioxide that also need to be cleaned up. That includes leaf blowers, lawn mowers, and yes – big equipment for construction and agricultural work!

    • Education

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • Common Dreams‘Egregious’: PFAS Firefighting Foam Spills at Notorious Red Hill Naval Facility in Hawaii

        Hawaiian state and U.S. Naval officials confirmed Tuesday that firefighting foam containing “forever chemicals” leaked at the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility in Honolulu, requiring cleanup efforts and increased monitoring of soil and water.

        Commonly called forever chemicals because they persist in the human body and environment for long periods, per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have been tied to a variety of health problems. They are used in not only some firefighting foams but also cookware, food packaging, and water-resistant clothing and furniture—though there are growing calls to ban them.

      • Common DreamsRights Groups Rip NYC Mayor Over Forced Hospitalizations for Mental Illness

        Rights groups are sharply condemning New York City Mayor Eric Adams’ Tuesday directive requiring local law enforcement and emergency medical workers to respond to the intertwined mental health and homelessness crises with involuntary hospitalizations.

        “This ‘compassionate’ approach neglects the demands of the vulnerable communities he’s claiming to help.”

      • MeduzaMeningitis outbreak sends more than 30 warehouse workers to hospital in Moscow region — Meduza

        Twelve Belarusian citizens, who worked at a warehouse in the Moscow region’s Istra district, were hospitalized with suspected meningitis, as reported by the Belarusian embassy in Moscow. The diagnosis was confirmed in 10 of those cases. One of them is in critical condition. Another person from that group may have died at the hospital, but this information has not yet been officially confirmed.

      • DeSmogFracking Company Pleads No Contest in Iconic Water Contamination Case in Dimock

        On Tuesday, gas company Coterra Energy pleaded no contest to environmental crimes related to contaminated water supplies from fracking operations more than a decade ago. The plea is the culmination of a long saga that has left residents of a small Pennsylvania town without clean drinking water for 14 years, and it resulted in some semblance of accountability for a company that has long denied any wrongdoing.

        “We are here today because fundamentally Pennsylvanians have a right to clean air and pure water. And for too long, the good people of Dimock have waited to have the clean water that our constitution promises restored to them in their homes and throughout our community,” Pennsylvania Attorney General Josh Shapiro said at a press conference on November 29. “More than a decade of waiting for a permanent plan for clean drinking water is far too long.”

    • Proprietary

      • It’s FOSSMicrosoft Office 365 Declared illegal for German Schools, Again

        The last time this happened was in 2019, when Office 365 was banned from schools in the German state of Hesse.

        If you’re curious: Office 365 package offers a polished set of proprietary tools used by many professionals worldwide, which is why it is popular.

        However, it poses quite a few privacy concerns, as noted by German authorities, which have not been addressed yet.

        Hence, the decision was taken by the German Data Protection Conference (DSK or Datenschutzkonferenz) to ban the use of Microsoft Office 365 in schools across the country.

    • Security

      • The Register UKTwenty years on, virus scanner ClamAV puts out version 1 • The Register

        The ClamAV command-line virus scanner used on many Linux boxes has attained an important-looking milestone release: version 1.0.0.

        It’s not really the first finished version, of course. Open source version numbering is something of a work of fiction, up there with “Of course I love you” and “The check’s in the post,” but even so, this particular milestone has been a while in coming. ClamAV, which describes itself as “the open-source standard for mail gateway-scanning software”, has finally emitted an official one-point-zero version, only six months after its 20th birthday – and what’s more, it’s a long-term support release, too.

        Original developer Tomasz Kojm released the first version, 0.10, on May 8, 2002. As it’s open source, since then, it’s been ported to almost anything you’re likely to find connected to the internet. It’s included in the repos of most Linux distros, as well as FreeBSD, OpenBSD and NetBSD. It’s also part of Apple’s optional extra macOS Server package. Indeed it runs on most things, from OpenVMS to OS/2.

        The project was acquired by SourceFire in 2007, which itself was subsequently bought by Cisco in 2013, and which still sponsors development.

      • Make Tech EasierFBI Warns of Tech Support Scams through Remote Desktop Software

        This week, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) issued a warning about tech support scams that are conning people into giving away access to their financial accounts through remote desktop software. Perhaps the most frightening aspect of the report is the bureau’s admission that the numbers are probably higher than what they reported.

      • LWNSecurity updates for Thursday [LWN.net]

        Security updates have been issued by CentOS (device-mapper-multipath, firefox, hsqldb, krb5, thunderbird, and xorg-x11-server), Debian (libraw), Fedora (freerdp and grub2), SUSE (bcel, emacs, glib2, glibc, grub2, nodejs10, and tomcat), and Ubuntu (linux-azure-fde and snapd).

      • GizmodoSirius XM Bug Lets Researchers Hijack Hondas, Nissans, Acuras

        Newly revealed research shows that a number of major car brands, including Honda, Nissan, Infiniti, and Acura, were affected by a previously undisclosed security bug that would have allowed a savvy hacker to hijack vehicles and steal user data. According to researchers, the bug was in the car’s Sirius XM telematics infrastructure and would have allowed a hacker to remotely locate a vehicle, unlock and start it, flash the lights, honk the horn, pop the trunk, and access sensitive customer info like the owner’s name, phone number, address, and vehicle details.

      • Bruce SchneierSirius XM Software Vulnerability

        Cars are just computers with four wheels and an engine. It’s no surprise that the software is vulnerable, and that everything is connected.

      • Privacy/Surveillance

        • TechdirtEFF Asks Court To Rein In Orange County, CA’s DNA Dragnet

          DNA collection at the time of arrest may make sense in certain cases. If it’s a violent crime — rape, murder, home invasion, etc. — it probably is smart to take some sort of a sample which may help place the suspect at the scene of the crime.

        • TechdirtFBI Director Gets Back On His Anti-Encryption Bullshit In Statement To Homeland Security Committee

          We’ll get to Chris Wray in a moment, but first let’s do a throwback to May 29, 2018 — the date the FBI first promised to correct its miscount (estimated to be off by as much as 4,000 devices) of uncrackable devices in its possession. Multiple statements utilizing the FBI’s bad stats were edited, with the erroneous number replaced with footnotes like this:

        • The Washington PostHere’s a first: Journalists and a U.S. citizen are suing NSO Group

          A lawsuit filed against spyware industry leader NSO Group on Wednesday represents the first of its kind from a U.S. citizen and the first by journalists in U.S. courts.

          It’s the latest salvo in a multi-front battle against foreign commercial spyware. That battle has been pursued in the executive branch, Congress, the courts and the tech industry. In fact, the lawsuit came the same day that Google called out a Spanish firm it says is a spyware vendor.

          Wednesday’s lawsuit accuses NSO Group of violating the main federal anti-hacking law, as well as a computer access and fraud law in California, the location of the federal court where the plaintiffs filed their complaint. The plaintiffs are reporters and others who work for El Faro, a Salvadoran news organization, who allege they were targets of NSO Group’s Pegasus spyware.

          The plaintiffs want a judge to declare that NSO Group has violated U.S. law. They also want a judge to order the company to disclose the client who spied on them, Carrie DeCell, senior staff attorney with the Knight First Amendment Institute, told me.

    • Defence/Aggression

    • Environment

      • Energy

        • Common Dreams‘Finally, Some Justice’: Fracking Company to Pay Millions for Poisoning Town’s Water

          Environmental justice advocates celebrated Tuesday when a fracking company accepted responsibility for poisoning drinking water supplies in Dimock, Pennsylvania.

          “Dimock residents have known for 14 years that Cabot Oil & Gas is guilty of contaminating our water.”

        • The NationDemocrats and the Crypto Meltdown

          The collapse of FTX, a crypto currency exchange that went from a valuation of $32 billion to bankruptcy, is sending shock waves not just through the economy but also politics. FTX’s founder, Sam Bankman-Fried, was the second-biggest donor to the Democratic party in 2022. He has many complex ties with Democratic politicians, policy-makers, and pundits. In a recent column, I wrote about how Democrats have a crypto problem.

    • Finance

      • Robert ReichThe Fed’s Inflation Mistake Continues
      • Common DreamsDemocrats, Progressive Groups Push DOJ to Publish Database of ‘Corporate Lawbreaking’

        After three congressional Democrats on Tuesday unveiled the Corporate Crime Database Act, which would direct the U.S. Department of Justice to make information about corporate wrongdoing and efforts to curb it publicly available, dozens of progressive organizations and individuals implored federal lawmakers to pass the legislation as quickly as possible.

        “The runaway consequences of rogue corporations are nothing short of catastrophic.”

      • Common DreamsAs Corporations Enjoy Record-High Profits, Experts Urge Congress to ‘Rein Them In’

        Economic justice advocates on Wednesday responded to new U.S. government figures showing nonfinancial corporate profits soared to record levels during the third quarter of 2022 by urging congressional lawmakers—most of whom receive substantial corporate campaign contributions—to take action against the capitalist greed that progressive experts say is the main driver of inflation.

        “Instead of raising interest rates and slowing the economy toward a recession, Congress and Biden should be taking aim at corporate price gouging.”

      • ScheerpostCould China Help Brazil To Overcome Its Economic Crisis?

        The economic partnership between Brazil and China, which has advanced greatly in the last two decades, may be one of the keys to reversing the crisis that Brazil faces. But some challenges will need to be faced with diplomacy and strategic planning.

      • ScheerpostBiden’s Student Debt Relief Program Is Now in the Hands of the Supreme Court

        By Marjorie Cohn / Truthout More than 40 million lower-income people burdened with student loans are still waiting for clarity about how much they will owe and when their next payments will be due, as the Supreme Court decides if it will rule on whether to allow President Joe Biden’s student debt relief program to […]

      • Common DreamsLame-Duck Dems Must Lift Debt Limit, Advocates Say as GOP Doubles Down on Social Security Threats

        Progressives on Wednesday warned that time is running out for Democratic leaders to take Republicans at their word regarding slashes to social safety net programs, as U.S. Sen. John Thune indicated the GOP will use a potential fight over the debt ceiling next year as leverage to push cuts—unless the Democrats act now to raise the debt limit while they still control the Senate and House.

        Thune (R-S.D.), who is the number-two Republican in the Senate as the chamber’s minority whip, told Bloomberg Tuesday that the party has a “long list” of policy priorities for the next Congress, which will commence on January 3. The party plans to put forward budget reforms including to federal programs which they have long claimed, erroneously, are unsustainable.

      • ScheerpostMore Evidence Elon Musk Is No Genius

        As Twitter implodes under Musk’s rule, a lawsuit argues Tesla is vastly overpaying the world’s richest man.

      • TruthOutSan Francisco Has Voted to Tax Corporate Landlords for Leaving Housing Vacant
      • The NationThe Rise and Fall of the American Fraudster

        Without much notice, the American scene now boasts an array of professional scam artists meeting a richly deserved comeuppance. The tangle-haired crypto titan Sam Bankman-Fried has presided over an epic meltdown at his FTX empire; the trading platform had yielded him an estimated net worth of $15.6 billion, and that number now stands at a nice round zero, with Bankman-Fried facing a host of legal smackdowns in the offing. Elon Musk, lauded far and wide as the genius tech disrupter of the age, has run his latest acquisition, Twitter, straight into the ground, displaying rank ignorance, insatiable bro-hubris, and rudderless right-wing conspiracy-mongering in equal parts. Elizabeth Holmes, the founder of the phony blood-testing app, Theranos, is bound for prison for more than 11 years on fraud charges.

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • Common Dreams‘Donald Trump Has Finally Run Out of Places to Hide’ as House Dems Get Tax Returns

        The Democratic-controlled U.S. House Ways and Means Committee on Wednesday received six years of former President Donald Trump’s federal tax returns, ending a three-year battle in which the 2024 Republican presidential candidate fought fiercely against sharing documents that every one of his predecessors since Richard Nixon have disclosed.

        “Donald Trump has finally run out of places to hide,” wrote Jason Easley and Sarah Jones at PoliticusUSA’s The Daily. “For years the speculation about what is in the tax returns that Trump had refused to release ran rampant. Was he really broke? Did he take money from foreign governments? Did he commit crimes? There were so many questions, and now the answers could finally be arriving.”

      • The NationYoung People Made It Clear: Abortion Rights Must Be Codified

        Before the Supreme Court’s landmark reversal of Roe v. Wade, there was debate on whether abortion would drive Democrats to cast their ballots in the 2022 midterm elections. “In polls, the people who report caring most about abortion relative to other issues are young, progressive, educated, concentrated in cities, and of higher income,” wrote Natalie Shure in The New Republic, “already one of the Democratic Party’s strongest bases.”

      • The NationReverend William Barber’s Pastoral Letter to the Republican Party
      • ScheerpostWhat Comes After the Decline of American Democracy?

        Clarence Lusane questions whether we’re in a prelude to a new all-American version of authoritarianism, or worse.

      • Common DreamsOpinion | Defending Democracy While Waiting for the Cavalry to Arrive

        If there is anything certain in today’s political world it is that the Republican Party represents an existential threat to the survival of democracy. And it would be a mistake to take too much comfort from the recent midterm election results. The better than expected showing by the Democrats bought some time, but American democracy will remain at risk for as long as the GOP remains the party it is today. In two years there will be another election, then another, and another after that. To preserve a functioning democracy, the Democrats have to win every time in a closely divided country. To tear it down, the GOP need win only once. Just one election where they win control of both houses of congress and the presidency at the same time, and it’s over (they already control the Supreme Court). And given the inevitable cycles of American politics, we know that day must eventually come. And when it does, America’s 250-plus year experiment in self-government will effectively end.

      • The NationHow Social Media Ensures That No One Hears Amber Heard

        Amber Heard and her legal team recently filed an opening brief seeking to overturn the defamation verdict that Heard’s ex-husband, Johnny Depp, won this summer in his lawsuit challenging Heard’s written characterization of their relationship in a piece for The Washington Post. And as Heard’s appeal gets under way, a group of experts signed an open letter objecting to her unprecedented vilification in the press and on social media. The letter also draws attention to how the case has spawned intensive victim-blaming misogyny—and the spread of unfounded defamation suits modeled on Depp’s case, which seek to silence and harm women seeking legal protection from abuse.

      • Common DreamsOpinion | The GOP’s Absurd, Disingenuous Hunt for Non-Existent Election Fraudsters

        This election year has added a new season to our country’s calendar: The silly season.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

    • Freedom of Information / Freedom of the Press

      • ScheerpostNew York Times Fails To See Its Own Hypocritical Practices

        In a long and detailed Twitter thread, Scott Hechinger dives into the malpractices of the New York Times when it comes to reporting on certain criminal justice elements.

      • ScheerpostCryptome Founder Asks to be Indicted With Assange

        John Young, the founder of the Cryptome website, has asked the U.S. Justice Department to also indict him as he published un-redacted State Dept. files before WikiLeaks did, reports Joe Lauria.

      • AccessNowFAQ: how the EU plans to protect media freedom – Access Now

        A free, independent, and diverse press is essential for holding democracies to account. As public watchdogs, the media’s ability to provide accurate, independent, and reliable information is vital for allowing the public to scrutinise political leaders, make informed political choices, and exercise their fundamental rights and freedoms. But around the world, media freedom is increasingly restricted or subject to state interference.

        To address this worrying trend, the European Commission proposed the European Media Freedom Act (EMFA) in September 2022. This FAQ dives into why such a proposal is needed, how it would strengthen media independence and safeguard media pluralism, and what happens next.

        [...]

        A: The EMFA promises to reverse the trend of deteriorating media freedom in the EU. European co-legislators will start negotiating the details of the proposal next year, which is likely to be challenging given the varied interests of Member States, media service providers, and media freedom advocates.

        As the legislative process unfolds, Access Now will continue to defend fundamental rights online, by scrutinising the relationship between online platforms and media service providers, and opposing any use of spyware against journalists or other members of the media.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • TechdirtAs US, UK Embrace ‘Age Verify Everyone!’ French Data Protection Agency Says Age Verification Is Unreliable And Violates Privacy Rights

        We keep seeing it show up in a variety of places: laws to “protect the children” that, fundamentally begin with age verification to figure out who is a child (and then layering in a ton of often questionable requirements for how to deal with those identified as children). We have the Online Safety Bill in the UK. We have California’s Age Appropriate Design Code, which a bunch of states are rushing to emulate in their own legislatures. In Congress, there is the Kids Online Safety Act.

      • The NationSenate Democrats Need to Fight Harder Than Marco Rubio for Rail Workers

        President Joe Biden wants Congress to block a railroad strike after members of four key unions rejected a contract proposal that failed to address their demands for paid sick leave, regularly scheduled weekends, and other quality-of-life concerns for workers in a highly stressful industry. And top Democrats in the House and Senate are jumping on board for federal intervention, with House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.) telling reporters, “I don’t like going against the ability of unions to strike, but weighing the equities, we must avoid a strike.”

      • Common DreamsHouse Passes Paid Sick Leave for Railway Workers Despite Opposition of 207 Republicans

        Lawmakers in the U.S. House of Representatives voted Wednesday by a margin of 221-207 to pass a concurrent resolution adding seven days of paid sick leave to a White House-brokered contract that was rejected by over half of the nation’s unionized rail workforce but that President Joe Biden urged Congress to force through to prevent a nationwide rail strike next month.

        “Railroad workers have made a simple, dignified request for the basic protections of paid leave.”

      • Common DreamsOpinion | Shame on “Union Joe” Biden for Not Siding With Railway Workers

        First of all—solidarity from our union shop to the rail workers who intend (if they can) to strike next week, whose demand for four days of paid sick leave per year is one that should not have to be begged for, much less go unmet. History will not look kindly on President Jon Biden and congressional leaders forcing a contract on rail workers that includes no sick leave during the pandemic that Biden irresponsibly declared is over, which continues to kill hundreds of Americans a day, to avoid a shutdown of supply chains before the holidays.

      • Common Dreams‘Put Up or Shut Up,’ Says Sanders as Progressives Move to Add 7 Sick Days to Railway Deal

        Sen. Bernie Sanders said late Tuesday night that it was time to “put up or shut up” for any U.S. lawmaker who claims to fight for the working class as he and other progressives in Congress vowed to insert paid sick leave into a labor agreement between railway workers and the nation’s rail companies.

        “If you are a supporter of the working class how are you going to vote against the proposal which provides guaranteed paid sick leave to workers who have none right now?”

      • The NationFast Food Runs in My Family

        Before the sun rose, I biked to work. There were few cars on the road and it was early enough most days that the stoplights still blinked yellow. Alternating between the sidewalks and streets, the world felt like mine. It’s that way in a small town, where everything feels attainable for a moment because there’s no one else around to claim it. The stillness, the cornfields, the wind blowing through overgrown grass. But it wasn’t the solitude that made me choose the early shift; it was shame.

      • The NationThe Minnesota Workers Who Are Still Searching for Justice

        When Matthew Northrup was a child in the 1980s, his dad would drive him around the area near their home in Fond du Lac—a neighborhood in Duluth, Minn., named for the Northrups’ tribe, the Fond du Lac Band of Superior Chippewa—pointing out sites that their people considered historically important. On one such drive, he motioned toward a grassy hill just past Highway 23 along the St. Louis River, which flows into the southern tip of Lake Superior. “Son, all of your ancestors are buried up there,” he said.

      • The NationBleeding Hearts and Blind Spots

        Everyone’s family history is complicated. Nearly everyone has an estranged sibling, a drunken uncle, a contentious aunt, or a well-kept secret trauma. With DNA testing and genealogy websites, everyone is almost guaranteed to find a cousin, a half-sibling, or even a parent previously unknown to them. During American slavery, the bloodlines of slaveholding families were particularly fraught. Without technology, “Mama’s baby and Papa’s maybe,” as the saying goes, could be kept hidden. When an enslaved child had red hair, freckles, and the same dimple or gait as their biological father, everyone noticed, but they never discussed these relationships. Behind the family portraits, genetics told everything. The irony among slaveholders and their enslaved descendants was that light skin meant little. Slavery did not discriminate: The children of white masters could be bought, sold, beaten, or sexually assaulted. Interracial relationships did not bring people together in an era of slavery; rather, they kept them apart.

      • Common DreamsOpinion | Beware Western Hypocrisy When It Comes to Human Rights at the World Cup

        United States Secretary of State Antony Blinken recently came out against a ban on rainbow armbands at the World Cup tournament in Qatar, which various European team captains had intended to sport in support of LGBTQ rights and against discrimination. Blinken flagged the ban as “concerning” and a restriction on “freedom of expression”.

      • TruthOutSenate Passes Respect for Marriage Act to Protect Same-Sex Marriage Rights
      • TruthOutNative American Women Make 51 Cents for $1 Earned by Non-Latino White Men
      • The NationNative American Heritage
      • Internet Freedom FoundationLegislative Brief on Digital Rights for Winter Session 2022

        We have prepared our legislative brief on digital rights for the Winter Session 2022 of the Indian Parliament. In our brief, we highlight some of the focus areas within the larger issues of digital rights, surveillance, platform governance and free speech, data protection, and other concerns that call for extensive deliberation in the Houses of Parliament.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

    • Monopolies

      • TechdirtYet Another Study Shows U.S. Broadband Users Are Being Ripped Off By Local Monopolies

        For decades, we’ve discussed how U.S. broadband is generally spotty, expensive, and slower than many countries due to regional monopolization. And, for just as long, we’ve highlighted how U.S. policymakers in both parties comically go out of their way to not even acknowledge that monopolies are a problem, often instead employing vague, causation-free rhetoric about a mysterious digital divide.

      • Copyrights

        • Public Domain ReviewConcrete Poetry: Thomas Edison and the Almost-Built World – The Public Domain Review

          The architect and historian Anthony Acciavatti uses a real (but mostly forgotten) patent to conjure a world that could have been.

        • Walled CultureA new US law makes it easier for copyright trolls to terrorise people with claims of alleged infringement – Walled Culture

          The legal landscape is already strongly tilted in favour of copyright holders. But that doesn’t stop the copyright maximalists from demanding more ways to enforce their intellectual monopolies. The latest expansion of enforcement powers is doubly concerning. First, because its explicit purpose is to make it even easier to bring cases against alleged copyright infringement. And secondly, because so few people know about it yet.

          This latest expansion is the result of a new US law, called the Copyright Alternative in Small-Claims Enforcement (CASE) Act. A post on the Educause Review site explains that CASE creates something called the Copyright Claims Board (CCB), with greatly simplified procedures for bringing legal actions. For example, they do not need to be filed in a federal court, which is typically very expensive. Legal representation is not required, and filing fees start at just $100. In addition, statutory damages would be available for an infringement even if it occurred before registration with the US Copyright Office.

          Those may be useful features for independent artists who lack legal teams but wish to pursue their claims of copyright infringement. But they will be an even greater boon to copyright trolls, who will be able to fire off illegitimate claims for very little upfront cost. Faced with what look like serious legal threats, many people will choose to pay off the trolls, rather than face the prospect of navigating a new legal system they have probably never heard of.

  • Gemini* and Gopher

    • Personal

      • I put horses heads in people’s beds

        Minions in 4E are like normal creatures but have only one HP. They attack player characters just like normal.

        Mobs in 5e, this is kind of a forgotten rule because it’s one of those weirdo DMG variants, but it’s just an alternate way for a mob of creatures to make their attack rolls by looking at a chart. This saves a ton of time. Like, if you have a bunch of skeletons and they’re fighting enemies of AC 16 or lower, that means for every two skeletons, one hit, so if you have 49 skeletons, 24 of those will hit so you can just dish out 24d6+48 damage to their enemies. (Or, if you’re using the static damage numbers, which for skeletons are 5, you dish out 120.)

      • Hope
      • One D&D (first survey)

        Wow, one thing I really disliked in One D&D (getting a first-level feat in your background, a la PF2) was ranked the highest, beloved by 90%:

      • exped medium pillow case rc1

        second attempt at the pillow case for my exped medium pillow. no fabric measurement: the pillow on the fabric, judged where to cut the fabric.

      • 🔤SpellBinding: EFIZOSL Wordo: GRAI
      • My reviewing scale

        Low numbers are bad, high are good.

        It’s not bounded and can go negative (so far things have stayed between -20 to +20).

        0 is spending the equivalent amount of time looking at a mono-colored (non-papered or -patterned) wall.

    • Technical

      • PICO-8 raycaster basics (Dark Streets devlog #1)

        First steps in writing a first-person shooter in PICO-8

        I have been playing around with PICO-8 for a few months now. PICO-8 is a fantasy console, emulating a device-that-could-have-existed somewhere around 30-40 years ago. It includes great editors and an API designed for game development. PICO-8 is rather limited in resources, but that is the part of its charm – it makes you think about the efficiency of the code you write and avoids feature creep.

      • Busted CRT TV

        First daughter (my only child) kicked over the TV,

        a Panasonic PV-C1332 manufactured in August 2002.

        The plastic case is cracked. There’s a purple

        splotch in the upper right corner of the display.


* Gemini (Primer) links can be opened using Gemini software. It’s like the World Wide Web but a lot lighter.

The Outdated Microsoft Worldview (Mindframe of Post-Mainframe Era): A Mindset of Windows Being Ubiquitous in the Market (and Where It Cannot be Avoided)

Posted in Deception, GNU/Linux, Microsoft at 10:07 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link | md5sum 7dc4085c80840c2279100a66970cc142
Windows is Not Needed Anymore
Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivative Works 4.0

Summary: It’s mostly incorrect to describe Windows as something that cannot be avoided in technical occupations or something that’s worth learning (or actively using)

THERE is this outdated and bizarre notion that Windows is still everywhere. It’s not. Windows is still rather dominant in laptops and desktops, but only laptops and desktops, plus these days those aren’t even the majority of Internet-connected devices.

The above video responds to this very recent video which smacks of misinformation. As our associate puts it, “Rob Braxman’s most recent video toed the Microsoft line to a certain extent. While in some way’s knuckling under like that may seem “pragmatic” on the surface, it is 1) wasting your time with Microsoft junk, methods, and quirks and 2) limiting your future options by 2a) not spending time learning real methods and 2b) feeding market share to Microsoft instead of squashing it” (already happening, however not fast enough).

The associate moreover says that “Rob has to take that stance or risk having his YouTube channel banned otherwise” (many GNU/Linux channels were cautioned, suspended or banned for merely promoting Free software; some get instantly demonetised for it, based on keywords).

Condé Nast (Owner of Reddit and Many Other Microsoft-Funded Sites) Promoting Software Patents

Posted in Deception, Law, Patents at 8:57 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link | md5sum 6db8ca6bdf056b9d669021af0407d08e
Ars Technica-lly Lame
Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivative Works 4.0

Summary: SoylentNews is boosting Condé Nast fluff, including glorification of software patents which ought not be granted at all after 35 U.S.C. § 101/Alice (SCOTUS, 2014)

TEN days ago we published this video about Reddit, which is owned by Condé Nast and therefore promotes a Microsoft agenda. It’s a firehose of Microsoft PR disguised as “community” and it’s many other bad things. This company basically thrives in the illusion that it is something it is not and likely against.

Editorial control should not be absolute, but as we've just shown, in open (to manipulation) social control media abuse and mischief are warranted, even inevitable. It happened to Slashdot before and it happens in many other sites, especially when they grow to attract large audiences. Those with the money (corporations) can overwhelm the process by means of bribes and AstroTurfing. In Reddit, for instance, Microsoft adopted both approaches.

Microsoft is the worst and the most shameless about this. “They’ve been astroturfing nonstop before during and since Team99,” an associate recalls, linking to more examples “from back when The Register was still independent,” noting that a lot of journalism about this went offline. “I guess it is to their credit that they have not deleted nor ‘reorganized’ away the old articles. The same goes for Wired.”

“It’s a firehose of Microsoft PR disguised as “community” and it’s many other bad things.”The video above responds to poor editorial choices by SoylentNews. It’s one among several recent examples, which include misinformation (and sometimes resort to including Microsoft propaganda). We didn’t mention it at the time, but it has been getting worse. The site is now linking to this puff piece about software patents.

“Mind Control: To control mental output you have to control mental input. Take control of the channels by which developers receive information, then they can only think about the things you tell them. Thus, you control mindshare!”

Microsoft, internal document [PDF]

Twitter: Not a Platform for Activism But for AstroTurfing and Manipulation by States and Plutocracy

Posted in Deception at 8:50 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link | md5sum 0b4166404b0b377c374bbc0f2632219a
Social Manipulation is Not Media
Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivative Works 4.0

Summary: More people are finding out that social control media is all about control; it is controlled by states and oligarchs, it’s not a grassroots tool

THE past month’s news coverage about Twitter was music to our ears because it said things we had been saying for a long time. A lot of the problems in Twitter are belatedly receiving light, including the bots and the spam, not to mention interference by states. See “Twitter grapples with Chinese spam obscuring news of protests” (Jeff Bezos Post) and countless articles like this one in our batches of daily links (almost a dozen in total, certainly more than half a dozen). An associate has said this is “just like Goatse and co on Slashdot, same purpose…”

This isn’t limited to China. The world’s “democratic” countries do the same thing. They not only manipulate social control media (they have army units devoted to this task), they even join hands with Communist China in this illegal agenda, doing cooperative self-promotion.

“A lot of people are going to learn the hard way that controlling one’s own platform is the safest way forward.”It is meanwhile being alleged that Twitter purges left-leaning users as if it’s a new thing or a fresh revelation that Twitter engages in mass censorship based on political orientation. “No one should’ve honestly believed Elon Musk would use his ownership of Twitter to champion free speech,” this article says. Well, obviously. This is why people ought to stop renting space on other people’s platform; they need to make their own and ‘federation’ should be done directly, e.g. over RSS (not a centralised or federated environment; use real syndication).

A lot of people are going to learn the hard way that controlling one’s own platform is the safest way forward.

Links 01/12/2022: Release of Arti 1.1.0, Date for Red Hat Summit 2023

Posted in News Roundup at 4:09 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Server

      • Top 500Top 500: November 2022

        Frontier is the clear winner of the race to exascale, and it will require a lot of work and innovation to knock it from the top spot.

        The Fugaku system at the Riken Center for Computational Science (R-CCS) in Kobe, Japan, previously held the top spot for two years in a row before being moved down by the Frontier machine. With an HPL score of 0.442 EFlop/s, Fugaku has retained its No. 2 spot from the previous list.

        The LUMI system, which found its way to the No. 3 spot on the last list, has retained its spot. However, the system went through a major upgrade to keep it competitive. The upgrade doubled the machines size, which allowed it to achieve an HPL score of 0.309 EFlop/s.

      • Kubernetes BlogBoosting Kubernetes container runtime observability with OpenTelemetry | Kubernetes

        When speaking about observability in the cloud native space, then probably everyone will mention OpenTelemetry (OTEL) at some point in the conversation. That’s great, because the community needs standards to rely on for developing all cluster components into the same direction. OpenTelemetry enables us to combine logs, metrics, traces and other contextual information (called baggage) into a single resource. Cluster administrators or software engineers can use this resource to get a viewport about what is going on in the cluster over a defined period of time. But how can Kubernetes itself make use of this technology stack?

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • LWNScaling the KVM community [LWN.net]

        The scalability of Linus Torvalds was a recurring theme during Linux’s early years; these days maintainer struggles are a recognized problem within open-source communities in general. It is thus not surprising that Sean Christopherson gave a talk at Open Source Summit Europe (and KVM Forum) with the title “Scaling KVM and its community”. The talk mostly focused on KVM for the x86 architecture—the largest and most mature KVM architecture—which Christopherson co-maintains. But it was not a technical talk: most of the content can be applied to other KVM architectures, or even other Linux subsystems, so that they can avoid making the same kinds of mistakes.

      • LWNBlock-device snapshots with blksnap [LWN.net]

        As a general rule, one need not have worked in the technology industry for long before the value of good data backups becomes clear. Creating a backup that is truly good, though, can be a challenge if the filesystem in question is actively being changed while the backup process runs. Over the years, various ways of addressing this problem have been developed, ranging from simply shutting down the system while backups run to a variety of snapshotting mechanisms. The kernel may be about to get another approach to snapshots should the blksnap patch set from Sergei Shtepa find its way into the mainline.

        The blksnap patches are rigorously undocumented, so much of what follows comes from reverse-engineering the code. Blksnap performs snapshotting at the block-device level, meaning that it is entirely transparent to any filesystems that may be stored on the devices in question. It is able to create snapshots of a set of multiple block devices, so it should be suitable for RAID arrays and such. The targeted use case appears to be automated backup systems; the snapshots that blksnap creates are described as “non-persistent” and are meant to be discarded once a real backup has been made.

        Since blksnap works at the block level, it must be given space to store snapshots that is separate from the devices being snapshotted. Specifically, there are ioctl() operations to assign ranges of sectors on a separate device for the storage of “difference blocks” and to change those assignments over time. There is a notification mechanism whereby a user-space process can be told when a given difference area is running low on space so that it can assign more blocks to that area.

        The algorithm used by blksnap is simple enough: once a snapshot has been created for a set of block devices (using another ioctl() operation), blksnap will intercept every block-write operation to those devices. If a given block is being written to for the first time after the snapshot was taken, the previous contents of that block will be copied to the difference area, and a note will be made that the block has been changed since the snapshot was created. Once that is done, the write operation can continue normally. The block devices thus always reflect the most recent writes, while the difference area contains the older data needed to recreate the state of those devices at the time the snapshot was created.

      • LWNNetworking and high-frequency trading

        The high-frequency-trading (HFT) industry is rather tight-lipped about what it does and how it does it, but PJ Waskiewicz of Jump Trading came to the Netdev 0×16 conference to try to demystify some of that, especially with respect to its use of networking. He wanted to contrast the needs of HFT with those of the traditional networking as it is used outside of the HFT space. He also has some thoughts on what the Linux kernel could do to help address those needs so that HFT companies could move away from some of the custom code that is currently being developed and maintained by multiple firms in the industry.

    • Applications

      • TorArti 1.1.0 is released: Anti-censorship support!

        Arti is our ongoing project to create an next-generation Tor client in Rust. In September, we released Arti 1.0.0, our first stable release. Now we’re announcing the next feature release, Arti 1.1.0.

        Arti 1.1.0′s claim to fame is its support for Tor’s anti-censorship features: You can now use Arti with bridges and pluggable transports! (We have tested it with obfs4proxy and snowflake.)

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • UNIX CopHow To Install Memtester on Ubuntu 20.04 | 22.04 LTS

        In this guide, we will show you how to install Memtester on Ubuntu systems.

        Memtester is an effective userspace tester for stress-testing the memory subsystem. It is very effective at finding intermittent and non-deterministic faults. Note that problems in other hardware areas (overheating CPU, out-of-specification power supply, etc.) can cause intermittent memory faults, so it is still up to you to determine where the fault lies through normal hardware diagnostic procedures; memtester just helps you determine whether a problem exists.

        Memtests are memory-testing programs that check for faults in the RAM of your system. Memtest or Memtest86+ reads data, writes the memory address patterns, and checks the errors. It can output a list of bad RAM regions usable by the BadRAM kernel patch so that you can still use your old RAM with one or two bad bits.

      • Jason W ComeauColor Formats in CSS

        CSS has a whole slew of different color formats: hex codes, rgb(), hsl(), lch(), the list goes on!

        Which one should we use? It might seem like an inconsequential decision, but there are some pretty important differences between them. And, honestly, I think most of us are prioritizing the wrong things. 😅

        In this tutorial, I’ll take you on a tour of the different options. We’ll see how they work, how we can decipher them, and how we can use them to our advantage. Later, I’ll show you how modern CSS lets us make on-the-fly adjustments, if we pick the right color format.

      • Daniel LemireGeneric number compression (zstd)

        I have done a lot of work that involves compressing and uncompressing data. Most often, I work on data that has specific characteristics, e.g., sorted integers. In such cases, one can do much better than generic compression routines (e.g., zstd, gzip) both in compression ratios and performance.

      • It’s FOSSHow to Automatically Indent Your Code in Visual Studio Code [Ed: "it's FOSS" is promoting Microsoft proprietary software (NOT FOSS) that's spying on users. The site lost its way about a year ago.]
      • DebugPointHow to Enable ’Dark Mode’ in LibreOffice

        Tutorial for you on how to enable dark mode in LibreOffice in Ubuntu, Linux and Windows systems.

        LibreOffice, the free and open-source office productivity software, is used by millions worldwide. This cross-platform software runs on Windows, Linux, and other distributions.

        Millions of users around the world use LibreOffice. Probably that includes you. And everyone seems to prefer dark mode these days. And there are some advantages as well.

    • Games

  • Distributions and Operating Systems

    • Red Hat

      • Red Hat OfficialRed Hat Summit 2023: Save the date!

        Red Hat Summit is the place for our customers, partners, community members and IT professionals to come together to innovate, learn and help shape the future of the enterprise. This year, we are returning to Boston, Massachusetts, and encourage you and your team to join us on May 23-25, 2023 for engaging keynotes, customer and partner stories, access to Red Hat experts, hands-on labs and much more.

      • Red Hat OfficialUsing Red Hat OpenShift OperatorHub on restricted networks
      • Red Hat OfficialCustomer success stories: How Red Hat OpenShift solved challenges for organizations in IT, entertainment and the public sector

        In this month’s customer success highlights, learn how Colombia’s Superintendence of Industry and Commerce, Westech and Kaizen Gaming used Red Hat OpenShift to accelerate time to market, improve scalability and expand services while also meeting stringent security and compliance requirements.

      • Red Hat OfficialEvent-driven automation: What’s in an event-driven automation architecture?
      • Red Hat OfficialRed Hat Adds New Collaboration and MLOps Capabilities in Red Hat OpenShift Data Science

        Today, we are announcing several new capabilities to Red Hat OpenShift Data Science, our managed cloud service for data scientists and developers of intelligent applications. Red Hat OpenShift Data Science now includes new features for deeper data analysis and better collaboration between ITOps, data scientists, and intelligent application developers. Furthermore, customers can now use committed AWS spend to purchase and run Red Hat OpenShift Data Science directly through AWS Marketplace, providing easier accessibility and flexibility for deployments. This is included as part of Red Hat’s latest announcement for its expanded portfolio of open solutions publicly available in AWS Marketplace.

      • Red Hat OfficialPaaS to Kubernetes to cloud services: Looking back at 10 years of Red Hat OpenShift

        Nearly 10 years ago this week, at the very first AWS re:Invent, Red Hat took a leap of faith with our technology portfolio. We built on the success of our flagship Red Hat Enterprise Linux and JBoss Middleware solutions and launched Red Hat OpenShift Enterprise 1.0, Red Hat’s fully open source, hybrid Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) offering geared for enterprise developers.

      • Red Hat OfficialEvent-driven automation: Automation vs. event-driven automation

        In a world where the term “automation” often triggers fears of job eliminations, in the tech industry that couldn’t be further from its intent. Imagine that you no longer needed to check the mail, stop for gas, recharge your cell phone, or restock groceries. Think of how much extra time you’d gain to spend with your family and friends, perhaps travel the world, invest in a hobby or even just…rest. You might already be automating some of these chores in your own life, and you’re thinking “I already have my groceries delivered to my door, and my phone charges itself when I set it on my desk.” That’s exactly what I’m getting at. Does that make you less valuable? Or are you more productive because of it?

    • Debian Family

    • Open Hardware/Modding

      • CNX SoftwareNanoPi R5C mini router features two 2.5GbE ports, supports M.2 wireless modules – CNX Software

        FriendlyELEC provides several Linux images for the board/router, namely FriendlyWrt 22.03 64-bit based on the latest OpenWrt 22.03, Debian Buster Desktop, and FriendlyCore Lite based on Ubuntu 20.04 with all images relying on the Linux 5.10 LTS kernel. The company also supports buildroot for people wanting to roll out their own custom Linux distribution. More details can be found in the Wiki.

      • Stacey on IoTCan a robotic switch shut off your wireless lights?

        Thinking outside the box a little, we sought out a connected battery pack module to add some wireless functionality to Jon’s current lights. Unfortunately, we came up empty on that front. Device makers would rather sell you a new product in most cases rather than retrofit hardware to upgrade an older product.

      • SparkFun ElectronicsSending Sensor Data Over WiFi

        We’re all familiar with WiFi. It runs our home, let’s us stream our favorite movies, and keeps us from having to talk with other people when we’re at a coffee shop. But there’s more ways to use WiFi than simply accessing the internet through different applications. In this tutorial, we’ll show you how to set up your own peer-to-peer network to sense data from one area and send that data to an LCD screen somewhere else without needing any internet connection or routers. This a great first step in being able to remove the wires from any embedded physical computing application.

  • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

    • [Repeat] Ruben SchadeThinking aloud about Gemini and Gopher

      Yet it’s also been a bit of a reality check I wasn’t expecting. Much of the world has at least moved on from dialup, but this low-speed, high-latency connection is closer to how more people use the Internet than I probably appreciate.

      You do use a connection like this differently. You ration what you’re downloading, use plugins like NoScript to more actively filter dynamic content and images, and you check the size of a package before downloading it. You even get used to unitasking, because you probably can’t be loading too many concurrent things before your primary task gets painful.

    • SaaS/Back End/Databases

      • PostgreSQLPostgreSQL: DBConvert Streams v0.5.0 released.

        Slotix s.r.o. is pleased to announce the first public release of DBConvert Streams v0.5.0.

        DBConvert Streams (DBS) is an event-driven data replication platform for database administrators who require zero downtime database migration and continuous data replication as workloads move to the clouds and more data needs to be transferred.

        DBS source readers use Change Data Capture (CDC) technology to respond in real time to all data changes in a particular source table or the entire database.

    • Licensing / Legal

      • LWNClass action against GitHub Copilot

        The GitHub Copilot offering claims to assist software developers through the application of machine-learning techniques. Since its inception, Copilot has been followed by controversies, mostly based on the extensive use of free software to train the machine-learning engine. The announcement of a class-action lawsuit against Copilot was thus unsurprising. The lawsuit raises all of the expected licensing questions and more; while some in our community have welcomed this attack against Copilot, it is not clear that this action will lead to good results.

        Readers outside of the US may not be entirely familiar with the concept of a class-action lawsuit as practiced here. It is a way to seek compensation for a wrong perpetrated against a large number of people without clogging the courts with separate suits from each. The plaintiffs are grouped into a “class”, with a small number of “lead plaintiffs” and the inevitable lawyers to represent the class as a whole. Should such a suit prevail, it will typically result in some sort of compensation to be paid to anybody who can demonstrate that they are a member of the class.

        Class-action lawsuits have been used to, for example, get compensation for victims of asbestos exposure; they can be used to address massive malfeasance involving a lot of people. In recent decades, though, the class-action lawsuit seems to have become mostly a vehicle for extorting money from a business for the enrichment of lawyers. It is not an uncommon experience in the US to receive a mailing stating that the recipient may be a member of a class in a suit they have never heard of and that, by documenting their status, they can receive a $5 coupon in compensation for the harm that was done to them.

        Compensation for the lawyers involved, instead, tends to run into the millions of dollars. Not all class-action lawsuits are abusive in this way, but it happens often enough that it has become second nature to look at a new class-action with a jaundiced eye.

      • 1105 Media IncDebunking the Misconceptions of Open Source Security Platforms

        In fact, open source is the foundation of so many of the digital technologies we take for granted today. Not only was open source code the origin of the World Wide Web, it has also made remote collaborative development possible which, since the pandemic, has become absolutely essential to the way we work.

        Moreover, because the open source community is built around the idea of collaboration, open source projects have the benefit of multiple perspectives and areas of expertise coming together, creating something stronger and more robust than the sum of its parts.

    • Programming/Development

      • Allen Wirfs-Brock: How Smalltalk Became a AI Language

        There is a story behind how Tektronix Smalltalk became branded as an AI language in 1984.

        In the 1960s-70s, Tektronix Inc had grown to become an industry leading electronics competing head-to-head with Hewlett-Packard. In the early ’80s Tektronix was rapidly going digital and money was being poured into establishing a Computer Research Lab (CRL) within Tek Labs. Two early successful CRL projects was my effort to create a viable performance Smalltalk virtual machine that ran on Motorola 680xx family processors and Roger Bates/Tom Merrow’s effort to develop an Alto-like 680xx based workstation for use in the lab.

      • LWNGit evolve: tracking changes to changes [LWN.net]

        The Git source-code management system exists to track changes to a set of files; the stream of commits in a Git repository reflects the change history of those files. What is seen in Git, though, is the final form of those commits; the changes that the patches themselves went through on their way toward acceptance are not shown there. That history can have value, especially while changes are still under consideration. The proposed git evolve subcommand is a recognition that changes themselves go through changes and that this process might benefit from tooling support.

        Some patches are applied to a project’s repository soon after being written, but other take more work. Consider, for example, support for stackable security modules, which has been through (at least) 38 revisions over many years. If and when this work lands in the Linux kernel mainline, it will bear little resemblance to what was initially posted years ago. Each revision will have undergone changes that will have rippled through much of the 39-part patch set. Git can support iteration on a series like that, but it can be a bit awkward, leading many developers to use other tools (such as Quilt) to manage in-progress work.

      • Enrico Zini: Things I learnt in November 2022

        You can Build-Depend on debhelper-compat (=version) and get rid of debhelper as a build-dependency, and of debian/compat (details)

      • MedevelFrank framework Low-code Open-source Messaging Framework

        Frank Framework is a free open-source low-code messaging framework that allows developer to connect systems, integrate services and create a data applications.
        It is an open-source platform to quickly build enterprise applications. To have an enterprise application, or as we say a Frank, you have to deploy the Frank!Framework in combination with XML configuration files.

      • AdventOfCodeAdvent of Code 2022

        The first puzzles will unlock on December 1st at midnight EST (UTC-5). See you then!

      • Syncpup‘Let It Crash’ under attack

        With that said, I just don’t understand the obsession with testing in Erlang? Did we lose sight of the essence of Erlang? Or are some of us Erlangutans bored, need to fill in the day with busy-work, and thus spend too much time writing tests in Erlang?

      • [Old] Lucien Cartier-Tilet[EN] Writing a Dynamic Array in C

        Although C is a very, very popular language, it is also known to be quite tiny: memory is handled manually, and much of what is available in its standard library is a given in all other languages. But C being a low level language also means it lacks a lot of other stuff other popular languages have; for instance, dynamic arrays are present in the library of most popular languages, be it JavaScript, C++, Rust and so on, but C’s simplicity forbids them from being there. If you want it in C, you have to implement it –which is exactly what I did!

      • Bruno RodriguesFunctional programming explains why containerization is needed for reproducibility

        I’ve had some discussions online and in the real world about this blog post and I’d like to restate why containerization is needed for reproducibility, and do so from the lens of functional programming.

        When setting up a pipeline, wether you’re a functional programming enthusiast or not, you’re aiming at setting it up in a way that this pipeline is the composition of (potentially) many referentially transparent and pure functions.

      • ButtondownI am disappointed by dynamic typing

        Here’s weird thing about me: I’m pro-dynamic types. This is weird because I’m also pro-formal methods, in fact teach formal methods as a career, which seems completely antithetical. So on one hand I teach people how to do static analysis, on the other I use languages which make static analysis impossible.

      • VoxAI experts are increasingly afraid of what they’re creating

        Of course, handing over huge sectors of our society to black-box algorithms that we barely understand creates a lot of problems, which has already begun to help spark a regulatory response around the current challenges of AI discrimination and bias. But given the speed of development in the field, it’s long past time to move beyond a reactive mode, one where we only address AI’s downsides once they’re clear and present. We can’t only think about today’s systems, but where the entire enterprise is headed.

        The systems we’re designing are increasingly powerful and increasingly general, with many tech companies explicitly naming their target as artificial general intelligence (AGI) — systems that can do everything a human can do. But creating something smarter than us, which may have the ability to deceive and mislead us — and then just hoping it doesn’t want to hurt us — is a terrible plan. We need to design systems whose internals we understand and whose goals we are able to shape to be safe ones. However, we currently don’t understand the systems we’re building well enough to know if we’ve designed them safely before it’s too late.

    • Standards/Consortia

      • Broadband BreakfastU.S. Must Lead on International Tech Standards to Counter Chinese Influence: Raimondo

        China is attempting to “game the global system” by advocating international tech standards that favor “authoritarian standards and values,” Raimondo said in a speech at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Such efforts not only disadvantage American companies, the secretary argued, but threaten the free flow of information and data privacy.

        “In recent years, China has purposefully and aggressively assumed leadership positions in several important international tech standard-setting bodies,” Raimondo said, endorsing American collaboration with allies against China’s aggression.

      • IT WireACMA releases options paper on exploring future use of the 1.9 GHz band

        Telecommunications industry regulator the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) has received responses from 22 stakeholders and interested parties to a discussion paper it released on exploring future use of the 1.9 GHz band.

  • Leftovers

    • Vice Media GroupRobot Landlords Are Buying Up Houses

      Imagine Homes is an example of an “automated landlord,” a company that uses new data tools and technologies to minimize the costs of on-site human labor while collecting profits from rental properties. They are essential to the new and growing sector of companies backed by Wall Street investment firms that buy up thousands of single-family rental homes across several states.

    • Counter PunchIdeas–Even the Most Foolish Ones–Have Consequences

      Well, they may start from that, but humans that they are, some of them try to rationalize their hates and fears into theories that, though detached from reality, literally provide the ammunition that enables their followers to wreak havoc, like the guy did who descended on a store frequented by Black people in Buffalo several months ago in order to kill as many African-Americans as possible.

      Matthew Rose’s A World After Liberalism (Yale University, 2021) brings together and critically analyzes the thoughts of people that most of us probably have not heard of but are worshiped in far right networks around the world. Rose says we better listen to what these guys are saying, even if we find them utterly distasteful, because their ideas have consequences.

    • HackadayNERF – Neural Radiance Fields

      Making narrative film just keeps getting easier. What once took a studio is now within reach of the dedicated hobbyist. And Neural Radiance Fields are making it a dramatic step easier. The guys from [Corridor Crew] give an early peek.

    • Science

      • SalonIs the brain a quantum computer? A remarkable pair of studies suggests so

        On a macroscopic scale, the realm of baseballs and planets, objects tend to have well-defined locations and velocities. This is the realm of “classical” physics. But the rules of physics operate slightly differently in the world of the very small. On a quantum scale — in this sense, we mean “tiny” — individual atoms or particles don’t have fixed points, but a probability that they exist within a certain place at a certain time. Odder still, individual particles can have connections to other particles in different points in space.

        Still, this idea that quantum mechanics is implicated in consciousness is still not very popular among most neuroscientists or physicists, who believe consciousness happens via classical physics, not the quantum level. It’s especially hard to test the idea because it requires measuring living human brain activity at mind-bogglingly small levels.

      • BrrCape Crozier

        I recently had the opportunity to visit a nearby field camp and assist with some IT tasks! This was a short, couple-hour trip to help get the camp ready for summer science work.

    • Hardware

      • The Register UKUK risks missing the boat on having a semiconductor industry
      • HackadayCardboard Game Tokens Become Shiny Click-Clacks With DIY Treatment

        Tabletop games and cardboard tokens go hand-in-hand for a good reason: they are economical and effective. However, their tactile attributes leave a little to be desired. There’s something really great about high-quality pieces possessing a shiny, pleasing smoothness and click-clack handling that cardboard simply can’t deliver, but that all changes with [Dzhav]’s simple method for converting cardboard tokens into deluxe versions of themselves with a little work and a resin coating.

      • HackadayNano-Sized 7-Segment LED Display On A Surface Mount Module

        Inspired by a prank tweet, [Sam Ettinger] endeavored to create an SMD seven-segment display.  The NanoRaptor NanoSegment implements a panel of seven-segment display modules sized at “0806” each or just a bit wider than a standard 0805 SMD footprint.  Each of the seven segments is a single 0201 LED.  Six I/O lines and three resistors are required to operate each module.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • The AtlanticI’m Scared of My Baby Monitor

        Experiences will, of course, vary. Romper ran the headline “Yes, Your Baby Monitor Is Making Your Anxiety Worse.” In The New Yorker, Karen Russell writes, “Perhaps the scariest thing is how quickly I’ve gotten over my unease; I’ve become addicted to live-streaming plotless footage of our baby.” And the author Megan Stielstra wrote for The Rumpus more than a decade ago about the baby cam as a kind of portal. A rougher example of the technology, her camera flipped between two frequency channels and was thus able to connect, unexpectedly, to a neighbor’s unit of the same model: “Whenever The Baby would fall asleep, I’d stare at his Day-Glo body on the monitor, making sure he wasn’t choking—or levitating or exploding or whatever horrible thing I’d imagine—and then, assured of his safety, I’d flip the channel to see how that other mother was doing.” Here she found a connection that helped her through the gloom of postpartum depression, whose symptoms, she said, can be “as varied as the flowers in a greenhouse.”

      • SCMPSouth Dakota Governor Kristi Noem bans TikTok from state-owned devices, citing China links

        Noem’s executive order prohibits state employees and contractors from accessing the app on state-owned devices

      • MediaiteSouth Dakota’s Kristi Noem Bans TikTok, Warns of Chinese Intelligence Gathering

        “Today, Governor Kristi Noem signed Executive Order 2022-10, which bans the Chinese social media platform TikTok for state government agencies, employees, and contractors using state devices,” announced the governor in a press release.

        “This order is in response to the growing national security threat posed by TikTok due to its data gathering operations on behalf of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP),” the statement added.

      • US News And World ReportSouth Dakota Gov. Noem Bans TikTok From State-Owned Devices

        TikTok is owned by ByteDance, a Chinese company that moved its headquarters to Singapore in 2020. It has been targeted by Republicans who say the Chinese government could access its user data like browsing history and location. U.S. armed forces also have prohibited the app on military devices.

      • CNNSouth Dakota governor bans state employees from using TikTok on government devices

        South Dakota’s governor signed an executive order on Tuesday banning state agencies, employees and contractors from accessing TikTok on government devices, citing “the growing national security threat” posed by the Chinese-owned social media platform.

        “South Dakota will have no part in the intelligence gathering operations of nations who hate us,” Gov. Kristi Noem said in a press release. “The Chinese Communist Party uses information that it gathers on TikTok to manipulate the American people, and they gather data off the devices that access the platform.”

        The order goes into effect immediately.

      • Deseret NewsIs there a difference between TikTok in the U.S. and China? A social media analyst compares it to opium and spinach

        Although they’re both owned by ByteDance, Douyin — China’s version of TikTok — offers a different version of the social media app that is unavailable to the rest of the world, especially for children.

        “It’s almost like they recognize that technology is influencing kids’ development, and they make their domestic version a spinach version of TikTok, while they ship the opium version to the rest of the world,” Tristan Harris, a former Google employee, and advocate for social media ethics, said of China’s approach to TikTok.

      • NBCDrinking water to retail: How a rail strike could upend the economy

        One of the most direct impacts of a rail shutdown would be a potential shortage of clean drinking water for millions of households that rely on publicly owned water systems.

        Treatment plants use chlorine and other chemicals to clean the water that eventually flows out of the tap, and the vast majority of those chemicals are transported around the country by rail from factories to distribution centers.

      • Counter PunchSurvey of the AgroAbsurd

        But then, shrewd white men arrived and discovered that the soil of this desert was in fact a rich alluvial plain of Colorado River silt that could be cleared, ploughed, harrowed, irrigated, planted and made to grow profitable crops for export on the railroad. So, they bought a great deal of land, developed a small canal from the Colorado, sold land to other white men, who began the new form of gaining food – not by gathering the fruits of this rich desert, but by planting crops and gambling on markets.

        Soon, the gamblers started a more ambitious canal, the All-American Canal. It blew out and flowed north into the Salton Sink for three years, creating the Salton Sea. It took the resources of Southern Pacific to stop the flow in 1907.

      • Counter PunchRumbles of Discontent in China Over Xi’s Zero-Covid Policy
      • Pro PublicaEditor’s Note: A Review of Criticisms of a ProPublica-Vanity Fair Story on a COVID Origins Report

        On Oct. 28, ProPublica and Vanity Fair published a story about an interim report on the origins of COVID-19 released by the Republican oversight staff of a Senate committee. The interim report was the product of a far-reaching investigation into the question of how the pandemic began, and we wanted to give readers an inside view of the team’s work and share independent experts’ views of its findings.

        The debate over COVID-19’s origins has been contentious from the start, and the report’s conclusion that the pandemic was “more likely than not, the result of a research-related incident” triggered criticism. Scientists, China observers and others questioned the Senate team’s findings and our reporting about them.

    • Proprietary

      • The EconomistWhat is the war in Ukraine teaching Western armies?

        Contrary to popular wisdom, Javelin and NLAW anti-tank missiles supplied by America and Britain did not save the day, despite featuring heavily in video footage from the first week of the conflict. Nor did Turkey’s TB2 drones, which struggled to survive after day three. “The propaganda value of Western equipment…was extremely high at the beginning of the war,” noted Jack Watling of RUSI, one of the report’s authors, recently on “The Russia Contingency”, a podcast on Russian military issues. “It didn’t really have a substantial material effect on the course of the fighting…until…April.” The decisive factor was more prosaic, he added. “What blunted the Russians north of Kyiv was two brigades of artillery firing all their barrels every day.

      • India TimesAWS and Atos announce deal to accelerate cloud adoption

        The agreement will provide Atos’ customers with large infrastructure outsourcing contracts to quicken their workload migrations towards the cloud, the firms said, adding that Atos will consult with over 800 customers to offer a new hybrid cloud service with the option to move selected workloads to AWS.

      • Silicon AngleWhy your cloud computing costs are so high – and what you can do about them

        John Purcell, chief product officer at custom developer DoiT International Ltd., tells of one customer who made a keystroke error that caused the company to spin up an Amazon Web Services Inc. instance much larger than what was needed. A job that was supposed to finish on Friday was never turned off and ran all weekend, resulting in $300,000 in unnecessary charges. “There is a small single-digit percentage of companies that manage cloud costs well,” he said.

      • Computer WorldForget Rip and Replace. Innovate in Place.

        Moving to the cloud for cloud’s sake can become a recipe for disappointment. The reason? Many organizations are simply attempting a “lift and shift“ moving their code to the cloud but not modernizing it in any meaningful way. As a result, they don’t get any of the benefits in terms of improved performance, reliability, or new capability. The return on the effort just isn’t there and can create a recipe for other headaches.

    • Linux Foundation

    • Security

      • TechCrunchLastPass says it was breached — again
      • EFFLet Data Breach Victims Sue Marriott

        We say “no way.” Along with our friends at EPIC, and with assistance from Morgan & Morgan, EFF recently filed an amicus brief arguing that negligent data breaches inflict grievous privacy harms in and of themselves, and so the victims have “standing” to sue in federal court – without the need to prove more. The case, In re Marriott Customer Data Breach, arises from the 2018 breach of more than 130 million records from the hotel company’s reservation system. This included guests’ names, phone numbers, payment card information, travel destinations, and more. We filed our brief in the federal appeals court for the Fourth Circuit, which will decide whether the plaintiff class certified by the lower court shares a class-wide injury.

        Our brief explains that once personal data is stolen, it can be used against the breach victims for identity theft, ransomware attacks, and to send unwanted spam. The risk of these attacks causes psychological injury, including anxiety, depression, and PTSD. To avoid these attacks, breach victims must spend time and money to freeze and unfreeze their credit reports, to monitor their credit reports, and to obtain identity theft prevention services.

        Courts have long granted standing to sue over harms like these. Intrusion upon seclusion and other privacy torts are more than a century old. As the U.S. Supreme Court has recognized: “both the common law and literal understanding of privacy encompass the individual’s control of information concerning [their] person.”

      • Integrity/Availability/Authenticity

        • Unmitigated RiskTOFU and the Web

          For the uninitiated, TOFU is an acronym for Trust On First Use. The basic idea is that the user makes the trust decision associated with a communication channel on the first visit.

          To understand the concept here, you need to know what we mean by “communication channel” and what we “trust” them for.

      • Privacy/Surveillance

        • ReasonChina’s Lockdown Protests Show Why You Shouldn’t Let Government Weaken Encryption, Anonymity

          The Wall Street Journal reports that protesters are using encrypted apps like Telegram to organize, start group chats, and communicate about possible sites to organize and avoid the police. And Chinese police, in turn, are using whatever tools they have to try to track the protesters through social media and their phones. The Journal writes: [...]

        • Ed GrochowskiAndroid Privacy Tips

          Over the past decade, Google’s Android has become the most popular operating system for smartphones. Android serves a dual purpose: for the user, it powers the phone’s functionality, and for Google, it transmits information about the user for the purpose of displaying relevant advertising.

          Such information-gathering capability is unprecedented. Google has become the world’s largest spy organization, also known as a digital advertising company, without the constraints imposed on government spy agencies. Gathering information about users is big business for many technology companies (Google, Facebook, Amazon, and Microsoft).

          This article presents steps that an Android user can take to minimize the amount of information being collected while preserving the essential functionality of the phone. I wrote this article based on my experience with Android 6.0.1 Marshmallow on the Moto G4 Play.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • NBCWhy cutting the head off the Oath Keepers snake won’t be enough

        The evidence of a seditious conspiracy introduced in the Oath Keepers’ trial was damning, yet obvious. This is an organization whose stated goal is to confront a federal government it sees as illegitimate, openly using the rhetoric of revolution.

      • TruthOutOath Keepers Founder Convicted of Seditious Conspiracy for Role in Jan. 6
      • VarietyAmazon Will Continue to Sell Antisemitic Documentary for Now: ‘We Have to Allow Access to Those Viewpoints, Even If They Are Objectionable,’ CEO Says

        More than 200 celebrities and entertainment execs, including Mila Kunis, Debra Messing and Mayim Bialik, signed an open letter calling on Amazon (as well as and Barnes & Noble) to stop selling the antisemitic documentary and book “Hebrews to Negroes: Wake Up Black America.”

      • The Telegraph UKClimate change will make migration levels soar in the future, says former MI5 boss

        “The migration we have seen so far as a result of a conflict in some cases or economic migration will be as nothing compared to the migration which the northern countries in the hemisphere are going to see as people move away from areas that are uninhabitable,” she said. “And that is a very strong reason to address the climate issue. Because if we don’t address it fully and properly, this is going to happen.”

      • BarronsPakistan Taliban End Ceasefire, Order Nationwide Attacks

        The Tehreek–e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), a separate entity from the Taliban in Afghanistan but sharing a similar Islamist ideology, have been responsible for hundreds of attacks and thousands of deaths since emerging in 2007.

        They agreed to a truce earlier this year after Afghanistan’s new Taliban rulers took a prominent role in brokering peace talks, but negotiations made little progress and there were frequent breaches.

      • NYPostRadical Islamic cleric Shaikh Abdullah Faisal stands trial for trying to recruit ‘NYPD cop’ to ISIS

        During opening statements in Manhattan Supreme Court on Monday, prosecutors described Shaikh Abdullah Faisal, 59, as an Islamic State recruiter and marriage broker who had committed “far reaching crimes of terrorism.”

        Faisal is accused of communicating with the undercover NYPD officer by e-mail, text and video chat in a bid to encourage her to join ISIS and carry out attacks overseas from 2015 to 2017.

      • EFFLet Them Know: San Francisco Shouldn’t Arm Robots

        These San Francisco supervisors seem not only willing to approve dangerously broad language about when police may deploy robots equipped with explosives as deadly force, but they are also willing to smear those who dare to question its possible misuses as sensationalist, anti-cop, and dishonest.

        When can police send in a deadly robot? According to the policy: “The robots listed in this section shall not be utilized outside of training and simulations, criminal apprehensions, critical incidents, exigent circumstances, executing a warrant or during suspicious device assessments.” That’s a lot of events: all arrests and all searches with warrants, and maybe some protests. 

        When can police use the robot to kill? After an amendment proposed by Supervisor Aaron Peskin, the policy now reads: “Robots will only be used as a deadly force option when [1] risk of loss of life to members of the public or officers is imminent and [2] officers cannot subdue the threat after using alternative force options or de-escalation tactics options, **or** conclude that they will not be able to subdue the threat after evaluating alternative force options or de-escalation tactics. Only the Chief of Police, Assistant Chief, or Deputy Chief of Special Operations may authorize the use of robot deadly force options.”

    • Transparency/Investigative Reporting

      • Eesti RahvusringhäälingMS Estonia ferry investigation continues, no additional funds yet allocated

        The Estonian Safety Investigation Bureau (ESIB) will ask the government for additional funding within a week. The current phase of the investigation involves the creation of a digital twin of the MS Estonia ferry to model the hull damage caused by a collision with the seafloor.

    • Environment

      • Energy

        • The Hill[Cryptocurrency] investors who lost big in FTX crash protest Bankman-Fried appearance

          Nonetheless, questions are swirling now about loans made from FTX to one of Bankman-Fried’s other companies, Alameda Research, before FTX was discovered to have solvency issues and problems paying back its regular customers.

        • NPRSam Bankman-Fried strikes apologetic pose as he describes being shocked by FTX’s fall

          Bankman-Fried spoke for more than an hour, wearing his signature T-shirt and appearing apologetic when the interviewer, journalist Andrew Ross Sorkin, read messages from FTX customers who said they had lost their life savings.

        • BBCEx-FTX boss Bankman-Fried: ‘I didn’t try to commit fraud’

          The man once hailed as a legendary figure in the [cryptocurrency] industry told The New York Times he had had a “bad month” and had almost no money left.

          The global [cryptocurrency] exchange, that was at one point valued at $32bn (£26.5bn), collapsed earlier this month.

        • NBCFormer FTX CEO Sam Bankman-Fried says he didn’t ‘try to commit fraud’

          Bankman-Fried, appearing at the New York Times DealBook Summit, insisted in an interview with CNBC anchor Andrew Ross Sorkin over a video call that he was “shocked” by his firm’s collapse.

          “I was excited about FTX a month ago. … I was shocked by what happened,” Bankman-Fried said, adding, “I substantially underestimated what the scale of the market crash could look like and the speed of it.”

        • Democracy NowMeet Puerto Rican Journalist Bianca Graulau, Featured in Viral Bad Bunny Video on Injustices in PR

          Puerto Rico’s financial oversight board has voted to extend a contract with LUMA Energy — the private U.S.-Canadian corporation that took over the island’s power grid and is widely denounced by residents on the island for its inconsistent service and high prices. The privatization of Puerto Rico’s power grid, supported by an unelected board appointed by the U.S. government, represents the “everyday consequences of colonialism,” says independent reporter Bianca Graulau, whose latest documentary is called “País de Apagones,” or “Country of Blackouts.”

      • Wildlife/Nature

        • CS MonitorCities are killing birds. Activists and architects have solutions.

          The warbler is fortunate. In the contest between birds and cities, cities are winning. Scientists estimate that collisions with buildings kill as many as 1 billion birds a year in the United States. The light from ever-expanding cities is disrupting the movement of creatures that evolved to migrate in the dark. And the modern architectural penchant for glass has proved deadly.

          Lights Out programs, in which owners and managers agree to switch off exterior lights during peak migration times, have spread to 45 U.S. cities. Some architects and developers are using specially treated glass that birds can see. Grassroots activists are asking homeowners to consider their own windows as well.

          The issue is bigger than birds, conservationists say.

        • The AtlanticTracking the Mountain Lion That Ate a Chihuahua

          I spoke with Jeff Sikich, a wildlife biologist who monitors the lion’s whereabouts, to discuss tracking the famous cat and its contemporaries, as well as the issues that mountain lions face in urban environments. (When pressed to tell me which local lion was his favorite, Sikich declined to name one, saying only that P-22 was “up there.” He spoke much more tenderly about a female named P-19.)

        • Mexico News DailySac Actun cave system named one of 100 global geological heritage sites

          The first-ever ranking to compile a database of geological sites of scientific value, the project had the support of UNESCO and seeks to accomplish a worldwide inventory of geological heritage of international relevance.

          Sac Actun, the only site in Mexico to have made the list, is the largest underwater cave system in the world and the second largest cave after the Mammoth Cave in Kentucky, United States.

        • The RevelatorEurope’s Surprising Record of Dam Removals
        • TruthOutMeatpacking Giant Tied to Child Labor, Deforestation and Mass COVID Infection
    • Finance

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • The HillHow to break China’s grasp on digital trade

        This is especially critical for companies who want to access a new market, but forfeit their intellectual [sic] property [sic] or trade secrets in the process of simply selling their products. In that case, a country like China can simply replicate the technology, and put the American company out of business. I know from meetings in my state that Hoosier businesses can’t afford that risk, especially as they come off the heels of a pandemic in a weakened economy.

      • ABCEU warns Musk to beef up Twitter controls ahead of new rules

        Thierry Breton, the EU’s commissioner for digital policy, told the billionaire Tesla CEO that the social media platform will have to significantly increase efforts to comply with the new rules, known as the Digital Services Act, set to take effect next year.

        The two held a video call to discuss Twitter’s preparedness for the law, which will require tech companies to better police their platforms for material that, for instance, promotes terrorism, child sexual abuse, hate speech and commercial scams.

      • NYPostFeds ‘paying attention’ to ‘reporting’ on Twitter misinformation: White House

        Jean-Pierre replied that “[Biden] has always said and he has been very clear in his belief that it is important for social media platforms to continue to take steps to reduce hate speech and misinformation. And we’ll continue to say that. But media platforms make independent choices about the information that they present.”

      • YLETurkish police arrest two Finnish citizens over TikTok video

        In a brief notice on Twitter, the Ankara Police Department said that the shared video showed the pair tearing up Turkish banknotes, adding that authorities have initiated “legal measures.”

        Turkish police noted that the detained Finnish citizens were born in Somalia and that they were in Turkey to take part in a Erasmus student exchange programme

      • NPRTwitter’s chaos could make political violence worse outside of the U.S.

        Under the chaotic changes unleashed by Elon Musk, Twitter users in the U.S. are confronting problems that have long plagued the social network in other parts of the world – and which are at risk of getting even worse under its new billionaire owner, according to human rights and freedom of expression advocates.

      • RFERLTech Giant Yandex, Battered By Wartime Censorship, Reorganizes, Will Leave Russia

        Russian tech giant Yandex has said it is reorganizing its operations, moving to cut its ties with Russia in a restructuring that solidifies government control over a company once seen as a bellwether for the country’s digital economy.

        The announcement comes after months of internal turmoil, with executives departing, the sale of the two of the company’s best-known products, and company shares hitting basement prices prior to being frozen on international stock exchanges.

      • Pro PublicaWhat’s at Stake When the Supreme Court Argues Moore v. Harper

        To hear some tell it, a Supreme Court case set for argument on Dec. 7 could spell the end of democracy in the United States. If the Republicans who brought the case, Moore v. Harper, prevail, state legislatures will effectively be free to override the votes of their citizens in presidential elections, the doomsayers predict. That might allow a future presidential candidate to undo an election, much as Donald Trump attempted, but failed, to do in 2020.

        The Atlantic warned that the “Court’s right-wing supermajority is poised to let state lawmakers overturn voters’ choice in presidential elections.” The Guardian opined that a ruling in favor of the GOP would mean that “whether Republicans win or lose elections via the popular vote will not matter because they will be able to maintain power regardless.” And Slate called Moore v. Harper “the Supreme Court case that could upend democracy.”

      • Misinformation/Disinformation/Propaganda

        • NBCHow [Internet] sleuthing in unsolved University of Idaho slayings can be ‘extremely dangerous’

          The hundreds of tips and calls provided to local, state and federal investigators as a result of cyber sleuthing can help — both to pinpoint plausible leads and to rule out potential suspects — but former FBI agents and law enforcement experts say they more often than not are a hindrance to an investigation, divert resources and attention, and can even be harmful by ensnaring innocent people.

        • CS MonitorMisinformation isn’t new. Colonial America was rife with it.

          Taylor’s erudite and engaging debut vividly demonstrates the challenges of transmitting information in the early modern age. In the 17th century, British commercial vessels were the colonists’ primary source for foreign news. When a ship arrived at port, its captain would distribute letters he’d been asked to deliver upon reaching his destination; in addition, the crew and passengers would provide oral accounts of noteworthy events back in Europe.

          Both of these information sources had obvious shortcomings: letters took months to arrive and were frequently lost at sea, while oral reports might be little more than unsubstantiated rumors. The rise of newspapers, whose numbers expanded throughout the 18th century, made the distribution of news more centralized and hierarchical. As a result, elites began to exert more influence over the information that was transmitted. “Compared to the letter-writing and oral cultures that preceded them,” Taylor writes, “newspapers were more likely to obey the whims of the mighty.”

        • [Old] Associated PressReport: TikTok bad at culling US election misinformation ads

          TikTok’s algorithms are very good at finding videos to keep people glued to their phone screens for hours on end. What they are not so good at, a new report has found, is detecting ads that contain blatant misinformation about U.S. elections.

        • NPRIndiana’s AG wants the doctor who spoke of 10-year-old’s abortion to be penalized

          Bernard’s lawyers argue Indiana Attorney General Todd Rokita, who is stridently anti-abortion, has been spreading false or misleading information about the doctor with his investigation allegations for several months.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • VOA NewsTaliban Bans VOA, RFE/RL Radio in Afghanistan

        Taliban authorities have announced a ban on FM radio broadcasts from Voice of America (VOA) and Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) stations in Afghanistan, citing complaints they have received about programming content.

        The ban will be enforced on December 1, according to a directive issued by the Taliban’s ministry of information and culture.

      • MedforthGermany: Muslim stabbed refugee to death who had fled from Syrian Islamists because he had made negative remarks about Islam – but he did not have to go to prison for it

        Three months after the murder in a pizzeria in Neustadt am Rübenberge (Hanover region), the public prosecutor’s office in Hanover has requested that the Somali Abdi R. (22) be placed in a psychiatric ward.

        Detention instead of jail!

      • Dawn MediaCensoring movies

        AS a former member of the Central Board of Film Censors (CBFC), Islamabad, I wish to share with the public the procedures followed when feature films, publicity films and cartoons meant for public viewing are presented for approval.

      • Asia NewsCianjur: Muslims damage tents offered by Christians to earthquake victims

        In a video that went viral on Twitter, people are seen removing a banner that reads ‘Humanitarian Movement of the Indonesian Evangelical Reformed Church’ and one man is heard saying ‘destroy them’, referring to the blue tents provided for disaster survivors. Another man, wearing a long robe and a white cap – clothes usually worn by radical and conservative Muslims – can be seen smilingly filiming the episode.

      • RFERLIran Charges Dissident Rapper Toomaj Salehi With Spreading ‘Corruption On Earth’

        Isfahan’s judicial chief, Asadollah Jafari, was quoted on November 27 as saying that Salehi faces other charges, including “propaganda activity against the establishment, forming an illegal group with the intention of disrupting the security of the country, cooperating with hostile governments, and spreading lies and inciting others to commit violence.”

        A U.S.-based rights group said on November 26 that Toomaj Salehi’s trial had begun “without a lawyer of his choice,” and his family said his “life is at serious risk.”

      • The Sunday Times UKChinese censorship threatens the arts — we owe them our protection

        Perhaps most tellingly, even before a ball had been kicked, Qatari authorities had reached for their playbook of draconian measures to neuter coverage and dissent, banning everything from beer to banners and arm bands, and preventing journalists from reporting freely.

    • Freedom of Information / Freedom of the Press

      • VOA NewsColombia Journalist Killed by Gunmen on Motorcycle

        La Union Mayor Fabian Echeverria told AFP that gunmen on the back of a motorbike had shot Cordoba, who was “around 40 years old,” three times as he traveled in a rural area on Monday afternoon.

        Cordoba was the director of a local television channel who “published information criticizing local government and about insecurity in the region on his Facebook page,” the Colombian Foundation for Press Freedom (FLIP) wrote on Twitter.

      • Don’t Extradite AssangeBrazilian cross-party Parliamentarians approve resolution urging American authorities to drop the charges against Julian Assange

        In a letter sent to the President of the United States, Joe Biden, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi, the parliamentarians are against the extradition of Assange to be tried in North American territory and warn that this fact would create a negative precedent for freedom of expression and the free exercise of the press throughout the world.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • CS MonitorNative American tribes restore historic connections to bison

        The Rosebud Sioux are intent on expanding the reservation’s herds as a reliable food source.

        Others have grander visions: The Blackfeet in Montana and tribes in Alberta want to establish a “transboundary herd” ranging over the Canada border near Glacier National Park. Other tribes propose a “buffalo commons” on federal lands in central Montana where the region’s tribes could harvest animals.

        “What would it look like to have 30 million buffalo in North America again?” said Cristina Mormorunni, a Métis Indian who’s worked with the Blackfeet to restore bison.

      • VOA NewsRights Group: Iran Arrests Actors Behind Defiant No-Headscarves Video

        Iranian authorities have arrested the two actors behind a viral video where a group of film and theatre figures stood silently without headscarves in solidarity with the protest movement, a rights group said Wednesday.

        The actor and director Soheila Golestani, who appeared without her headscarf in the video, and the male director Hamid Pourazari, who also appeared prominently, have both been arrested, the US-based Human Rights Activists News Agency said.

      • FortuneMan fired for failing to be ‘fun’ at work wins compensation lawsuit

        That so-called incompetence arose when Mr. T refused to comply with Cubik’s “fun” values that the court said involved engaging in excessive drinking and other problematic behaviors. As his refusal to participate was given as a reason for his dismissal, the judge deemed he had been wrongfully fired.

      • India TimesMan fired for being ‘boring’ and not drinking with colleagues drags employer to court, wins Rs 2.5 lakh

        But only a few manage to not fall into the pressure and hold their ground. This man employed by a French company is one of them. Despite the pressure and his surroundings, this man identified as Mr T, whose full name is not disclosed, refused to be part of his company’s ‘fun’ environment, but that cost him his job.

        Yes, you read that right. Mr T was, who worked at a consulting firm called Cubik Partners, was fired for being “insufficient professionally” because he didn’t become a part of the team’s building activities with colleagues and was “boring” in his job.

        After losing his job, the man knocked on Paris court’s door, where he won the legal battle against his employer.

      • FirstpostMangaluru: 3 Muslims including lady doctor ganged up to convert Hindu woman, forced her to wear burqa, FIR lodged

        Following the accusations, Mangaluru police have lodged a case of forced conversion against all three. Detailed investigation in the matter is underway.

      • Essel GroupIran: Bank manager sacked for providing service to woman without veil

        Mehr news agency reported that the bank manager in Qom province, near Tehran, “had provided bank services on Thursday to an unveiled woman”. As a result, he was “removed from his position by order of the governor,” Mehr quoted deputy governor Ahmad Hajizadeh. Mehr added that the video of the unveiled woman “elicited a lot of reaction on social media.”

      • ForbesPioneering Underground Cartoonist Aline Kominsky-Crumb Dies At 74

        Kominsky-Crumb was a founding member of the influential all-female collective that produced the anthology Wimmin’s Comix, a long-running feminist comic published by Last Gasp from 1972-1985. Kominsky-Crumb, along with artist Diane Noomin, broke with the group in the mid-1970s to do their own publication, Twisted Sisters. Both comics were some of the first to deal squarely with the political issues around female empowerment, criticism of the patriarchy, sexual politics, lesbianism and other topics central to feminist ideology.

      • YLECulture ministry awards activist Ujuni Ahmed for human rights work

        Ahmed is also known as the Director of the Fenix Helsinki organisation, which works with immigrant women and children, as well as an outspoken critic and activist against the practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) and so-called “honour” killings.

      • Democracy Now“Enough Is Enough”: Rail Workers Decry Biden’s Push to Impose Strike-Breaking Labor Deal

        President Biden is pushing Congress to block a pending nationwide rail strike and push through a contract deal that includes no sick days and is opposed by four of the 12 rail unions. Biden’s latest request is an attempt to “legislate us basically back to work, before we’ve even had a chance to strike,” says locomotive engineer and Railroad Workers United organizer Ron Kaminkow. “Workers should have the right to take off work for a reasonable amount for whatever reason they need it,” says labor professor Nelson Lichtenstein, who urges the rail workers to strike anyway.

      • TruthOutHouse Passes Rail Contract With 7 Days Paid Sick Leave in Win for Workers
      • Democracy NowStriking Univ. of California Grad Students Speak Out on Nation’s Largest-Ever Higher Education Strike

        The largest higher education strike in U.S. history has entered its third week in an effort to secure livable wages, more child care benefits, expanded family leave and other demands. Some 48,000 academic workers at all 10 University of California campuses are on strike, including teaching assistants, postdoctoral scholars, graduate student researchers, tutors and fellows. We speak with a professor and graduate students at three campuses in the UC system, as a tentative deal with postdoctoral scholars and academic researchers was announced Tuesday by the University of California that does not cover graduate student employees who make up the vast majority of those on strike. “We are the ones who are producing the work. We’re teaching the classrooms. And yet, most of these student workers qualify for food stamps,” says UCLA doctoral student and local union head Enrique Olivares Pesante. UC Davis student researcher Aarthi Sekar describes how international graduate students have also been impacted. We also speak with Nelson Lichtenstein, director of the Center for the Study of Work, Labor, and Democracy at UC Santa Barbara.

    • Digital Restrictions (DRM)

      • VarietyJoe Rogan Had the Most Popular Podcast on Spotify in 2022

        He’s a controversial figure: Rogan came under fire this year for spreading misinformation about the COVID vaccine on his show, prompting a boycott of Spotify by Neil Young and a few other artists. Rogan also faced a backlash over his use of the N-word in older episodes of his podcast. Earlier this year, Spotify removed 70 episodes “The Joe Rogan Experience” that included “racially insensitive language,” which Spotify CEO Daniel Ek said were pulled at Rogan’s request.

    • Monopolies

      • Copyrights

        • BoingBoingMetropolis (1927) enters the public domain on January 1, 2023

          Fritz Lang’s iconic 1927 silent film, Metropolis, is set to enter the public domain on January 1, 2023. This is great news for film fans around the world, who will now be able to freely access, view, and enjoy this beloved classic. Metropolis is often considered one of the most influential films of the silent era. Its groundbreaking visual effects, futurism-inspired set design, and compelling story about class struggles and the two-edge sword of technological progress have inspired countless filmmakers throughout the years.

        • Torrent Freak“Pro Camcorder Pirate” Arrested in Govt, Police & UK Cinema Chain Operation

          The UK’s Police Intellectual Property Crime Unit recently revealed the arrest of a man as part of a movie piracy investigation. No further details have been made public but TorrentFreak understands that the matter was so serious that the government, PIPCU, an organized crime unit, a specialist anti-piracy team, and cinema operators teamed up to track the suspect down.

        • Torrent FreakTelegram Discloses Personal Details of Pirating Users Following Court Order

          Telegram has complied with an order from the High Court in Delhi by sharing the personal details of copyright-infringing users with rightsholders. The order, which was issued despite fierce opposition, sets a precedent in India. The Court, meanwhile, clarifies that the information can also be shared with the Government and police.

  • Gemini* and Gopher

    • Personal

      • Pseudo-anonymous Struggles

        In the fourth grade I made a mistake that has probably impacted my life more than anything else. Me and another kid, Marcus, had birthdays 2 days apart from each other. Marcus was having his birthday party on the Sunday closest to our birthdays, and there was a school event on the Saturday before it. Me, being an impatient 9 year-old, got very upset that I would need to wait a whole extra week before I could have my birthday party, and I had a bit of a temper tantrum, with all my anger being directed towards Marcus for having his party then. I also had a youtube channel at the time where I would post really bad Lego review videos and little skits with the Lego characters. Well in the heat of my temper tantrum I thought it would be a good idea to make a video about my dire predicament. I think the actual content of the video was actually fairly tame, just an angry 9 year old crying to the camera about the situation, but I let my emotions take control when I titled the video “KILL MARCUS LASTNAME” and made the description “If anyone sees Marcus in real life please hurt him badly”. My friend Ken ended up reporting me to the school for it and I was suspended for 2 days and barred from using any computers at the school for a month as well as being banned from using the internet for anything besides school at home for a month.

      • Making plans

        Today I took a look at the tourist websites for a few cities that I might want to visit. I’m excited to go travel, especially because these cities are places I’ve never been to, and are in an environment I’ve never visited before.

        One of the cities had a really broken website which talked more about the tourism bureaucracy than cool things to do in the city; I probably won’t go all the way there. That same city has a lot of problems in its economy and a high crime rate, which is another factor pushing me away from visiting.


* Gemini (Primer) links can be opened using Gemini software. It’s like the World Wide Web but a lot lighter.

IRC Proceedings: Wednesday, November 30, 2022

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