08.04.21

Links 4/8/2021: Mesa 21.2 and Kaisen Linux Rolling 1.8

Posted in News Roundup at 4:38 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • MATE is not a complete desktop environment… MATE Applications tour

        It’s time to continue our trip down memory lane with MATE. As I’ve said in a previous video, I spent a lot of time on GNOME 2 when it was the default on Ubuntu, and I know most of its default apps like the back of my hand. It’s been 10 years since I’ve used GNOME 2 though, and MATE has evolved past that, so let’s see you get out of the box, and if that’s any good.

      • Co-op News Punch Podcast – Episode 31

        Has it really been months since our last episode? Woops. We’re back! Introduction the Co-op News Punch Podcast – Episode 31. Apologies on this being away from a while but it’s finally here.

        The podcast features myself and contributor Samsai, having a very chilled-out chat about various Linux and Linux Gaming topics across different fields.

      • Ruby in the Rough | Coder Radio 425

        Big promises are being made in Ruby land, Tech Crunch says Open Source is dead, and we have thoughts to share about both!

        We also discuss Google’s Time Crystals. They have the power to fundamentally change our lives, but what the heck are they?

      • Makulu Shift Update – Most Detailed look yet !
      • mintcast 366.5 – Protect Your Bits

        1:56 Linux Innards
        33:35 Vibrations from the Ether
        49:15 Check This Out
        59:02 Announcements & Outro

        In our Innards section we talk OpenVPN, Wireguard and staying safe online

        And finally, the feedback and a couple community choices

    • Kernel Space

      • FLOSS Weekly 641: The Open Anniversary – 30 Years of Linux

        This show is a special date in open source history: the one we share with Nick Vidal, creator and alpha maintainer of Open Anniversary. Through the whole show, Nick schools Doc Searls and Shawn Powers on the important timelines of major and soon-to-be-major open source movements, the cool ways those are being recognized, discussed and celebrated—and how, in the open source way, anyone can contribute new timelines, improvements to existing ones, and ways of celebrating their anniversaries.

      • Intel Proposes Linux Kernel Driver Allow/Deny Filtering

        As part of their work around Trust Domain Extensions (TDX) support for Linux, Intel engineers are proposing a driver filter option for Linux to be able to set allow or deny lists of driver(s) that can or cannot be loaded by the booted kernel.

        In order to reduce the attack surface within guest virtual machines while still wanting to be able to use the same kernel build between a host and guest, Intel engineers are looking to add this driver filter support to the kernel. When booting the guest, via the kernel command-line they can just specify the specific drivers to allow to be loaded by the kernel or alternatively setting a list of specific drivers that shouldn’t be allowed to be loaded by the system.

      • Oracle Working On BPF CO-RE Support For GCC To Easily Run BPF Programs On Any Kernel

        Running eBPF kernel programs continues to be increasing popular and used for a variety of use-cases in production environments but one of the challenges is around needing to compile the (e)BPF programs for a given kernel while BPF CO-RE has been working to change that. The LLVM Clang compiler already supports the ability for BPF “Compile Once, Run Everywhere” while now Oracle engineers are working to bring the same level of support to GCC.

      • AMD PTDMA Driver Revised Ahead Of Its Possible Inclusion For Linux 5.15 – Phoronix

        One of the AMD patch series that has been in the works for more than one year is the PTDMA driver providing pass-through DMA engine support on Linux. The driver is now up to its eleventh revision but the mainlining might happen soon.

        The AMD PTDMA Linux driver effort dates back to September 2019 for enabling their PTDMA controller in performing high bandwidth memory-to-memory and I/O copy operations. Modern AMD CPUs support multiple PTDMA controllers, the PTDMA driver hooks into the kernel’s direct memory access (DMA) subsystem and is intended to be used with AMD Non-Transparent Bridge (NTB) devices but not for general purpose peripheral DMA.

      • Graphics Stack

        • Mesa 21.2.0
          Hi list,
          
          I'd like to announce Mesa 21.2.0 final is now available.
          
          This has been a pretty smooth release cycle so far, and we've had very
          few release-blocking issues, as such We've actually released on time
          with no additional RCs! As usual, this is a .0 release, and those of
          you seeking stability over features likely want to wait 2 weeks for
          21.2.1.
          
          Cheers,
          Dylan
          
          
        • Mesa 21.2 Released With New Intel Crocus Driver, PanVK, Early M1 Code

          Mesa 21.2 is out as the latest quarterly update to this open-source Linux graphics driver stack for user-space, most notably providing the Intel and Radeon OpenGL/Vulkan drivers among others.

          Mesa 21.2 was a very smooth cycle and has debuted without needing any extra release candidates.

        • Mesa 21.2 Released with New Features, Improved Support for Many Games

          Mesa 21.2 has been in development for the past three months and it brings a plethora of new features to the RADV (Radeon Vulkan) driver in the form of several Vulkan extensions to improve support for Vulkan apps/games, as well as OpenGL ES 3.1 support on GT21x hardware and the Panfrost driver, wideLines support on lavapipe, a new Asahi driver for Apple’s M1 chip, and DRM format modifiers on Zink.

        • Dave Airlie: crocus misrendering of the week

          The bottom image is crocus vs 965 on top. This only happened on Gen4->5, so Ironlake and GM45 were my test machines. I burned a lot of time trying to work this out. I trimmed the traces down, dumped a stupendous amount of batchbuffers, turned off UBO push constants, dump all the index and vertex buffers, tried some RGBx changes, but nothing was rushing to hit me, except that the vertex shaders produced were different.

          However they were different for many reasons, due to the optimization pipelines the mesa state tracker runs vs the 965 driver. Inputs and UBO loads were in different places so there was a lot of noise in the shaders.

          I ported the trace to a piglit GL application so I could easier hack on the shaders and GL, with that I trimmed it down even further (even if I did burn some time on a misplace */+ typo).

          Using the ported app, I removed all uniform buffer loads and then split the vertex shader in half (it was quite large, but had two chunks). I finally then could spot the difference in the NIR shaders.

        • X.Org Server Adds “Fake Screen FPS” Option

          The X.Org Server has picked up a new “-fakescreenfps” option to help with VNC and other remote display scenarios.

          Currently when any main hardware screen is powered off, the X.Org Server initializes the fake screen to a one second update interval. The X.Org Server will keep to that one second update interval for fake screens even if VNC or other remote viewing software is running, until the physical display is powered on.

    • Applications

      • ‘Mousai’ is Song Recognition App for Linux

        Next time you want to identify a song you hear in a TV show, movie, or other video give Mousai a go.

        Mousai by SeaDve is a song recognition app for Linux desktop (and named after the ancient Greek Goddess of song and music). Built in GTK and leveraging the AudD song recognition API, Mousai is basically Shazam for Linux.

        Open Mousai, hit the ‘listen’ button, play the song you want to identify (ideally in vague proximity to your laptop’s microphone) wait a few seconds, and bam: it tells you the song name and who performs it.

      • Best File & Disk Encryption Tools for Linux

        As we rapidly transition to an increasingly digital society, data protection is a greater concern than ever before. Encryption is one of the most effective and widely used methods of securing senstive information from unauthorized parties. In this article, we’ll introduce you to eight open-source file and disk encrytion tools we love to help you safeguard critical data and protect your privacy online.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to install the Opera Browser on Linux Lite 5.4

        Today we are going to look at how to install the Opera Browser on Linux Lite 5.4. As seen in the video, a person downloads Opera, from the official site, and then installs it with the built-in installer. Enjoy!

      • How To Install Play Framework on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Play Framework on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Play Framework is a framework that allows us to make web applications with Java and Scala in a fast and easy way. These applications are based on scalability and the possibility that they can be adapted to many different needs.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of Play Framework on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

      • How to Fix Sudo Command Not Found in Debian 10

        Sudo also called “superuser do” is a command in Linux that allows you to run high-privilege admin commands as a root user. It asked to enter your personal password and confirms your requests by checking a sudoers file.

        After a fresh Debian 10 installation, you could not execute the privileges tasks by running the sudo command. You will get the error ‘sudo command not found in Debian 10′. The reason for this error is the sudo command isn’t included in Debian 10 by default.

        In this post, we will show you how to fix sudo command not found in Debian 10 VPS.

      • How to Replace a Variable in a File Using SED

        Want to know the tricks of replacing a variable in a file using the SED command?

        This article will give you an overview of replacing a variable value in a file using SED. Before replacing a variable in a file using SED, you need to understand what SED is, the syntax of SED, and how SED works.

        I’ll also show how to perform delete operations using SED. This will come after the variable value replacement part. If you’re looking for that, you can directly jump onto that, and skip the rest.

        So, let’s begin the guide.

      • How to Transfer Files Between Linux, Android, and iOS Using Snapdrop

        Cross-platform file sharing has never been easy. Of course, you have services like AirDrop, Nearby Share, and Quick Share, but they only work within their ecosystems.

        As a result, if you want to transfer files from Linux to an Android/iOS device or vice-versa, you need a cross-platform file sharing service. Even though you do have a few different options in this regard, Snapdrop is the most effective file-sharing service of the lot.

      • What to do when your Chromebook is no longer supported

        Recently, my Chromebook Pixel 2015 found itself no longer supported. I really loved that Chromebook. The two of us wrote several novels together and the keyboard/screen was unmatched. To this day I’ve yet to experience a better keyboard/trackpad combo. But, as they say, all things must end. So, when I received the notification that my Chromebook Pixel would no longer be receiving updates, I felt a tinge of sadness. Sure, I had a Pixelbook as a backup device, but it just wasn’t the same. It had a nice keyboard, but it was nowhere near that of the Pixel. And the screen? There was zero comparison.

        I had a choice: Continue using the Pixel, even though it would no longer be receiving upgrades, or do something about it.

      • Using the udp-balancer() source of syslog-ng PE

        UDP-based log collection is so last century. We had TCP-based log collection for decades and TLS encryption to secure connections. Still, UDP is in wide use, especially at large companies and industrial automation, where every change is slow. In most cases, UDP logging is used by networking devices, but sometimes it is just left there from ancient times and people are reluctant to change it. In either case, at higher message rates it can lead to performance problems and thus to message loss.

        Originally, the udp() source of syslog-ng was single-threaded. That does not scale well with typical multi-core CPUs with slower cores. There are many tricks to enhance UDP performance in syslog-ng. Combining those with the udp-balancer() source of syslog-ng PE gives the most reliable solution.

      • What is Docker? The spark for the container revolution

        Docker is a software platform for building applications based on containers—small and lightweight execution environments that make shared use of the operating system kernel but otherwise run in isolation from one another. While containers have been used in Linux and Unix systems for some time, Docker, an open source project launched in 2013, helped popularize the technology by making it easier than ever for developers to package their software to “build once and run anywhere.”

      • The Evolution of Digital Data Loggers

        Digital data loggers have come a long way over the years. Data loggers are small digital devices that are used to record, store, and sometimes transmit large amounts of data that is gathered through sensors. Like many other kinds of technology, the design and construction of digital data loggers has been altered and improved over the years.

        [...]

        It should come as no surprise that this simple piece of technology has come such a long way in the last 100-plus years. When the first chart recorder for environmental monitoring was patented, the first transcontinental phone call was also placed. Now, we have high-tech computers in our pockets that we call phones; data loggers have made the same technological leaps.

        The move from chart recorders to data loggers was a massive step forward, but those early devices are a far cry from what today’s digital data loggers are capable of doing. Above are listed just a handful of the benefits the latest data loggers provide. Depending on your organization, data loggers may well have even more specific advantages.

        The main point is, if your organization is not using the latest version of this great technology, it is missing out. There is no excuse in 2021 for not at least considering what a modern digital data logger can do for you and how it can affect your manufacturing, storage and transportation processes, your compliance with regulations and standards and, ultimately, your bottom line.

      • Deescalating Tensions

        One of the great attributes of SVG is that its text nature lends itself to be easily version controlled. Inkscape uses SVG as its native format (and extends it using its private namespace).

        Unfortunately it uses the documents themselves to store things like canvas position and zoom state. This instantly erases one of the benefits for easy version control as every change instantly turns into unsolvable conflict.

        Luckily you can at least give up the ability to store the canvas position for the greater good of not having merge conflicts, if you manage to convince your peers to change its defaults. Which is what this blog post is about :)

      • Move files in the Linux terminal

        To move a file on a computer with a graphical interface, you open the folder where the file is currently located, and then open another window to the folder you want to move the file into. Finally, you drag and drop the file from one to the other.

        To move a file in a terminal, you use the mv command to move a file from one location to another.

      • Install OpenVPN on your Linux PC | Opensource.com

        OpenVPN creates an encrypted tunnel between two points, preventing a third party from accessing your network traffic. By setting up your virtual private network (VPN) server, you become your own VPN provider. Many popular VPN services already use OpenVPN, so why tie your connection to a specific provider when you can have complete control?

        The first article in this series demonstrated how to set up and configure a Linux PC to serve as your OpenVPN server. It also discussed how to configure your router so that you can reach your VPN server from an outside network.

        This second article demonstrates how to install the OpenVPN server software using steps customized from the OpenVPN wiki.

    • Games

      • Godot Engine – Release candidate: Godot 3.3.3 RC 1

        While we’re busy working on both the upcoming Godot 4.0 and 3.4 releases (with a dev snapshot for 3.4 beta 2 available now), we still cherry-pick important bug fixes to the 3.3 branch regularly for maintenance releases (see our release policy).

        Godot 3.3.2 was released in May, and a number of useful fixes have been queued in the 3.3 branch since then, so now’s a good time to push them in production.

        As there is no new feature and only bug fixes, this RC 1 should be as stable as 3.3.2-stable and can be used in production if you need one of the fixes it includes.

      • Get your bag packed for some exploration in the Humble Remarkable Roguelikes Bundle | GamingOnLinux

        Love your roguelikes? Humble have a nice little package waiting for you to pick up with the Humble Remarkable Roguelikes Bundle that’s now live.

        Following on from the rather good Humble Choice for August, and the also quite good Humble RPG Heroes Bundle they’re back again. It certainly seems like Humble have recently started putting out some better game bundles.

      • Steam sees Linux share increase riding the Steam Deck wave

        Steam hardware surveys always make for fun reading, especially in recent times seeing how many of those scalped graphics cards actually made it into gaming PCs. But right now there’s a more interesting milestone to look at. Thanks to the folks at GamingonLinux who keep a close watch on such things, Linux use on Steam has spiked in recent weeks.

        It now accounts for 1% of all Steam users, or, doing rough maths based on 120 million people earlier this year, about 1.2 million Steam players are on Linux. This still absolutely pales in comparison with Windows, as you would expect. But of the 0.11% increase in share Linux has seen recently, 0.08% of that came from Windows, with the rest coming from Mac.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • Offsite backups for KDE servers

          Most of KDE’s servers are hosted in Hetzner in Germany. We also have a storage box there where we store backups for most servers (including those outside Hetzner).

          When the OVH datacenter fire happened, everyone who managed servers but didn’t use OVH still got worried about their own data and backups. Including the KDE Sysadmin team; we wondered if KDE’s data would be protected if a similar disaster happened at Hetzner.

          We can know in which specific datacenter a server is, and even choose the DC when ordering a new server. However, it turns out we can’t know or choose the datacenter for storage boxes. I asked Hetzner support and they said they don’t give that information, and “that may even change” (I guess they reserve the right to transfer the storage to another DC according to internal needs).

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • A quick update on libadwaita’s animation API

          Last time we left on the general API design. Since then I’ve been refactoring the existing animation-related code so we can reuse it for our public API. Part of that refactoring has been converting the current boxed-type adwaita animation code into a gobject class. I’ve learned a lot of how GObject works under the hood by doing so, so I expect to be a lot quicker implementing the next milestones.

          [...]

          I quickly prototyped a demo page for said timed animations (which is highly WIP, from design to phrasing):

    • Distributions

      • EndeavourOS Development in full throttle

        In our previous article, we informed you we removed the Indian mirror Ghead due to technical issues. Unfortunately, we still haven’t received any updates on the progress of the issues and we will inform you as soon as we received any news from the mirror admin. For our Indian community, we recommend using the Freedif mirror located in Vietnam as the nearest server or the Tuna mirror in China.

        The Dutch mirror admin for Easylee announced that the content moved to a new server, also located in The Netherlands with a whopping 10Gbit connection, widening the reach of this server. The server also is an Arch mirror and is called https://mirror.erickochen.nl, so those who want to rank it on top can use it also for the mainstream Arch updates. If your system is up-to-date and you have run eos-pacdiff, the mirror has already replaced the Easylee mirror in etc/pacman.d/endeavouros-mirrorlist .

        If you’d looked in that script, you also noticed we gained another German mirror https://mirror.moson.org, thanks to our community member @moson. Thank you for offering us space on your server and improving our user experience with that.

      • New Releases

        • Kaisen Linux Rolling 1.8 Release Notes

          New revision of the rolling. Real final 1.x release. Revision of the NETINST ISO.

          Codename: Rolling

          This release is in fact a “1.7.1″. There are no changes to the distribution except for some updates and additions and updates to the default profile.

          When updating the tasksel tool which allows here to integrate the selection of tools as well as the deactivation of services directly in the installer, the configurator was removed and “broke” some things offered by the old configurator (launched post-installation).

          The disabling of services as well as the complete installation of guests and the activation of VirtualBox at startup if installed, can no longer be done via the tools provided for Kaisen unless you update the ISO, which is done here.

          This is the only reason and the only change since 1.7.

      • SUSE/OpenSUSE

        • The Brains Behind the Books – Part VIII: Julia Faltenbacher

          My name is Julia, I was born in Bremen. This beautiful old Hanseatic city is situated in the north of Germany, close to the North Sea.

          When I was six years old, my parents and I moved to Rosenheim in Bavaria, which is on the southern end of Germany. Rosenheim is a rather small city, close to the Alps. I consider this my first “experience abroad”, as Bavarian people are very different to the Northern German people. They have a very strong accent and a special dialect.

          It took me years to understand the Bavarian dialect, and I still can’t talk like them. And still, I am learning new Bavarian words I have never heard before.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Opening black boxes with statement tracing | Red Hat Developer

          Imagine you’re a programmer with a problem: Your code is linked to a library that you’re unfamiliar with. The code should work, but it doesn’t. It almost works, but something is wrong inside the library. Another program works correctly with the same part of the same library. So, now what? It’s probably a silly problem, but how will you locate it?

          In a scenario like this one, you could be in for some serious source code gazing, documentation digestion, and mailing list archaeology. If that fails, it’s time to reach out to human experts and hope for the best. Or, you could try to save time with a clever tool. I was recently hit with several code traps like this one. Fortunately, I’m familiar with SystemTap.

        • Managing stateful applications with Kubernetes Operators in Golang | Red Hat Developer

          You can use Kubernetes Operators to set up automatic resource management for services in your applications. In a previous article, I described this pattern and how to create an operator in the Go language. In this article, we will continue to explore the pattern, this time by creating a Kubernetes Operator in Go to keep a WordPress site up to date. I recommend reading or reviewing the earlier article before starting this one.

        • Cockpit Project: Cockpit 250

          Cockpit is the modern Linux admin interface. We release regularly.

          Here are the release notes from Cockpit 250 and cockpit-machines 249:

        • Fedora Community Blog: Community Blog monthly summary: July 2021

          In July, we published 12 posts. The site had 2,979 visits from 1,931 unique viewers

        • Using Amazon EFS with Podman running on RHEL EC2

          Podman is a daemonless container engine for developing, managing, and running OCI containers on your Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) system. In this post, I will create a photo gallery running in a Podman container on a RHEL Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) instance, where the photos displayed by the website are stored on the EC2 instances connected to AWS Elastic File System (EFS) across multiple Availability Zones (AZs).

          Amazon Elastic File System (Amazon EFS) provides a serverless, set-and-forget elastic file system that can be used with AWS cloud services and on-premise resources. It’s built to scale on demand to petabytes without disrupting applications. Amazon EFS helps eliminate the need to provision and manage capacity to accommodate growth.

        • Improve Linux performance, trigger Ansible with Git push, and more tips for sysadmins | Enable Sysadmin

          July 2021 was a record-breaking month for Enable Sysadmin. We published 25 articles and received over 660,000 page views from over 450,000 unique visitors. Today, we are looking back at our top 10 articles to give readers a chance to catch up on any of the great content they might have missed. In this list, you will see various topics covered, and we are confident that some, if not all, will be of interest to you.

        • Hybrid work by the numbers: 14 stats to see | The Enterprisers Project

          By at least one measure, people are returning – or planning to return – to the traditional office in 2021. A Deloitte survey of 275 executives conducted in April found that more than two-thirds of respondents (67 percent) were still fully remote at the time. But 64 percent expected their organization to return to the office at some point in 2021, and another 25 percent said they’d already reopened.

          In spite of some high-flying predictions – and high-profile company announcements – about long-term shifts to working from home, just two percent of the executives in the Deloitte survey said their organizations would remain permanently remote.

        • IT hiring: 5 ways to evolve your strategy

          COVID-19 has fundamentally changed how we work – and how we think about work – today and well into the future. As a result, it has prompted a reboot of how organizations recruit and onboard new employees.

          The struggles of the past year have also prompted many workers to rethink their career priorities, quitting their jobs in extraordinary numbers – with a record 4 million people doing so in April alone, according to the U.S. Labor Department. This has ushered in an era some pundits are calling “The Great Resignation,” creating a higher-than-usual demand for workers. And this has many employers – especially those in high-demand technology settings – scrambling to find adequate talent to fill the many job openings.

          CIOs in particular are struggling to accelerate digital transformation and ensure the latest technologies are available, a requirement for attracting tech-savvy workers – and of course, the customers they are striving to please.

        • IBM is hiring 1,000 Customer Success Managers to accelerate Red Hat and IBM Hybrid Cloud Adoption | WRAL TechWire
        • IBM to set up software lab in Kochi – Times of India
        • 2021 Most Influential Executive Arvind Krishna: ‘I Bleed Blue’

          IBM CEO Arvind Krishna has been named the No. 1 Most Influential Executive on CRN’s 2021 Top 100 Executives list.

        • Special thanks to Nest Platinum Sponsor Amazon AWS [Ed: With sponsors such as this, no wonder Fedora has in effect been outsourced]

          It takes a lot of work to put on our annual contributor conference. Special thanks this year to Amazon AWS for their platinum sponsorship! We really appreciate their generosity, as well as the support and resources for Fedora Cloud, Fedora CoreOS, and more.

      • Debian Family

        • Cinelerra Enters Sparky Linux

          Cinelerra is one of the most advanced, open-source non-linear video editors and compositors for Linux. Turn your Linux box into a complete audio and video production environment.

    • Devices/Embedded

      • The JingPad A1 is a Linux tablet that (kind of) runs Android apps

        There have been many attempts to create tablets running Linux, and even a few ones with ARM processors, like the Pine64 PineTab. However, another company is now giving it a shot, with an ARM Linux tablet that looks remarkably like an Apple iPad. It’s called the ‘JingPad,’ and at least on the surface, it seems like it could be a great device for anyone interested in Linux on a tablet.

        The JingPad is currently available for pre-order at Indiegogo, but don’t let its status as a crowdfunding project scare you away — the manufacturer has already sent out pre-production units to a few tech reviewers and news outlets. Early videos show off the tablet working as advertised, though there are a few software issues still being worked out.

      • Tiger Lake-H modules include Nano-ITX-sized COM-HPC Client B model

        Congatec announced “Conga-HPC/cTLH” (COM-HPC Client B) and “Conga-TS570” (Basic Type 6) modules with up to octa-core Tiger Lake-H CPUs. The Conga-HPC/cTLH offers up to 128GB DDR4, optional NVMe, 20x PCIe Gen4, 2x 2.5GbE, 2x USB 4.0, and 8K support.

      • Intel Core i5-1135G7 Tiger Lake mini PC with 12GB RAM sells for $700 and up

        Minisforum TL50 is a mini PC based on Intel Core i5-1135G7 Tiger Lake quad-core/octa-thread processor that ships with 12GB RAM, and optional 256GB and 512GB SSD preloaded with Windows 10 Pro.

        The mini PC also features two 2.5 Gbps Gigabit Ethernet ports, two 2.5-inch SATA drives, one M.2 slot for NVMe SSD, and supports 8K and 4K monitor setups through HDMI, DisplayPort, and USB-C video outputs. It was announced a few months ago, but it’s now available for sale for $699.99 and more on Banggood depending on storage options.

      • Open Hardware/Modding

        • An open source desk to showcase your projects, complete with swappable panels | Arduino Blog

          Almost every maker has run into the problem of not being able to find a convenient display or power source for their project prototype, and thus leading to minor delays and some frustration. However, YouTuber Another Maker has come up with an open source desk concept that makes finding these things simple. The system he built uses a large grid of swappable panels that can simply slide into place within a wooden frame. Behind these are a few devices for both power and connectivity, such as power strips, an Ethernet switch (with PoE capabilities), and an HDMI switch for changing between a Raspberry Pi and a PC.

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Web Browsers

        • Mozilla

          • Firefox Has Lost Another 50 Million Users

            As time goes on nothing changes with Mozilla, Firefox continues to slowly die and at this point I really don’t know what can actually be done to address. I would not be surprised if come 5 years from new Mozilla barely remains to exist.

          • Advancing advertising transparency in the US Congress [Ed: Mozilla needs to block ads/advertisers, not suck up to them, but Mozilla is funded by Google and Google profits a lot from targeted (spying-based) advertising, so we get blog posts like these; do what users of Firefox want, not sponsors]

            At Mozilla we believe that greater transparency into the online advertising ecosystem can empower individuals, safeguard advertisers’ interests, and address systemic harms. Lawmakers around the world are stepping up to help realize that vision, and in this post we’re weighing in with some preliminary reflections on a newly-proposed ad transparency bill in the United States Congress: the Social Media DATA Act.

          • Privacy analysis of SWAN.community and United ID 2.0 [Ed: Mozilla is again posing as privacy proponent]

            Earlier this summer, we started a series of blog posts analyzing the technical merits of the various privacy-preserving advertising proposals out there. Our goal is to advance the debate and help break down this complex topic. In this new addition to this series, we look at the SWAN.community and United ID 2.0 proposals. We have conducted a detailed analysis and this post provides a summary.

          • Why Facebook’s claims about the Ad Observer are wrong [Ed: Mozilla hires managers from Facebbok]

            Recently the Surgeon General of the United States weighed in on the spread of disinformation on major platforms and its effects on people and society. He echoed the calls of researchers, activists and organizations, like Mozilla, for the major platforms to release more data, and to provide access to researchers in order to analyze the spread and impact of misinformation.

            Yet Facebook has again taken steps to shut down this exact kind of research on its platform, a troubling pattern we have witnessed from Facebook including sidelining their own Crowdtangle and killing a suite of tools from Propublica and Mozilla in 2019.

            Most recently, Facebook has terminated the accounts of New York University researchers that built Ad Observer, an extension dedicated to bringing greater transparency to political advertising that was critical for researchers and journalists during the presidential election.

      • Productivity Software/LibreOffice/Calligra

        • [LibreOffice] Tender to implement support for editing and creation of a Dynamic Diagram feature (#202108-02)

          The Document Foundation (TDF) is the charitable entity behind the world’s leading free/libre open source (FLOSS) office suite LibreOffice.

          We are looking for an individual or company to implement support for editing and creation of Dynamic Diagrams.

          The work has to be developed on LibreOffice master, so that it will be released in the next major version.

          The task is to solve the following problem: Our existing “SmartArt” import uses the fallback stream in OOX files (and has some issues). It therefore gives us only the draw shapes that are imported, so we lose the original layout. Additionally, in older file versions we don’t have the cached shapes, and therefore can’t render anything.

          The solution we seek, and as such the scope of this tender, is to have a schema driven diagram layout as a core feature. This should be interoperable with OOX (at least MSO2016) and have suitable extensions for ODF. It should layout interoperability, and allow editing of the underlying data, and selection of a schema.

      • Programming/Development

        • Over 25% Of Professional Developers Use Linux: Stack Overflow Developer Survey 2021

          Recently, we covered the JetBrains Developer Ecosystem survey. According to the survey, around 47% of developers said they use Linux, whereas over 61% voted for Windows. Here we are with another survey, but this time by Stack Overflow, over 80,000 developers were asked the same question.

          For starters, Stack Overflow is one of the largest developer portals where people, irrespective of their experience, can ask programming-related questions or even answer others’ questions. In this year’s survey, developers were asked a variety of questions, but in this article, we’re going to have a brief look at the current state of Linux among the developers.

        • Dirk Eddelbuettel: x13binary 1.1.57-1 on CRAN: New Upstream, New M1 Binary

          Christoph and I are please to share that a new release 1.1.57-1 of x13binary, of the X-13ARIMA-SEATS program by the US Census Bureau (with updated upstream release 1.1.57) is now on CRAN.

          The x13binary package takes the pain out of installing X-13ARIMA-SEATS by making it a fully resolved CRAN dependency. For example, when installing the excellent seasonal package by Christoph, then X-13ARIMA-SEATS will get pulled in via the x13binary package and things just work. Just depend on x13binary and on all major OSs supported by R you should have an X-13ARIMA-SEATS binary installed which will be called seamlessly by the higher-level packages such as seasonal or gunsales. With this the full power of the what is likely the world’s most sophisticated deseasonalization and forecasting package is now at your fingertips and the R prompt, just like any other of the 17960+ CRAN packages. You can read more about this (and the seasonal package) in the Journal of Statistical Software paper by Christoph and myself.

          This release brings a new upstream release as well as binaries. We continue to support two Linux flavours (theh standard x86_64 as well as armv7l), windows and for a first time two macOS flavour. In addition to the existing Intel binary we now have a native built using the arm64 “M1” chip (with thanks to Kirill for the assist).

        • Rust

          • Lang team August update

            This week the lang team held its August planning meeting. We normally hold these meetings on the first Wednesday of every month.

            We had a short meeting this month, just planning and scheduling the design meetings for the remainder of the month.

            After each meeting, we post an update (like this one!) with notes and meeting announcements.

  • Leftovers

    • Petter Reinholdtsen: Mechanic’s words in five languages, English, Norwegian and Northern Sámi editions

      Almost thirty years ago, some forward looking people interested in metal work and Northern Sámi, decided to create a list of words used in Northern Sámi metal work. After almost ten years this resulted in a dictionary database, published as the book “Mekanihkkársánit : Mekanikerord = Mekaanisen alan sanasto = Mechanic’s words” in 1999. The story of this work is available from the pen of Svein Lund, one of the leading actors behind this effort. They even got the dictionary approved by the Sámi Parliament of Norway as the recommended metal work words to use.

      Fast forward twenty years, I came across this work when I recently became interested in metal work, and started watching educational and funny videos on the topic, like the ones from mrpete222 and This Old Tony. But they all talk English, but I wanted to know what the tools and techniques they used were called in Norwegian. Trying to track down a good dictionary from English to Norwegian, after much searching, I came across the database of words created almost thirty years ago, with translations into English, Norwegian, Northern Sámi, Swedish and Finnish. This gave me a lot of the Norwegian phrases I had been looking for. To make it easier for the next person trying to track down a good Norwegian dictionary for the metal worker, and because I knew the person behind the database from my Skolelinux / Debian Edu days, I decided to ask if the database could be released to the public without any usage limitations, in other words as a Creative Commons licensed data set. And happily, after consulting with the Sámi Parliament of Norway, the database is now available with the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license from my gitlab repository.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Pseudo-Open Source

        • Security

          • FluBot malware spreads to Australia

            The FluBot strain of Android banking malware, which was initially observed in Spain in late 2020 before spreading more widely across Europe over the following months, is now targeting Australian banks.

            Once installed, FluBot periodically sends a list of apps installed on the device to one of its command-and-control servers. The server responds with a list of apps the malware should overlay. Upon one of these apps being launched, FluBot immediately displays an overlay on top of the legitimate app. The overlays impersonate the legitimate apps and are designed to collect the victim’s online banking credentials, which are sent to the criminals operating FluBot via the command-and-control server.

          • Bits relating to Alpine security initiatives in July – Ariadne’s Space

            Another month has passed, and we’ve gotten a lot of work done. No big announcements to make, but lots of incremental progress, bikeshedding and meetings. We have been laying the ground work for several initiatives in Alpine 3.15, as well as working with other groups to find a path forward on vulnerability information sharing.

Links 4/8/2021: Audacity as Spyware and PCLinuxOS Updates

Posted in News Roundup at 1:17 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • My life with Linux: A retrospective

        Linux is 30 years old. What started as a student project by a young man studying computer science at the University of Helsinki, has become an operating system that enterprise businesses around the globe depend on. It’s massive. It’s crucial. And without Linux, most businesses wouldn’t be nearly as agile, flexible, and reliable.

        Huzzah! But that’s not what I want to talk about right now. I want to make this a bit more personal. Why? Because Linux changed my life. Sounds like hyperbole. It’s not.

        Let me explain.

    • Kernel Space

      • Linux 5.13.8
        I'm announcing the release of the 5.13.8 kernel.
        
        All users of the 5.13 kernel series must upgrade.
        
        The updated 5.13.y git tree can be found at:
        	git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux-stable.git linux-5.13.y
        and can be browsed at the normal kernel.org git web browser:
        
        https://git.kernel.org/?p=linux/kernel/git/stable/linux-s...
        
        thanks,
        
        greg k-h
        
      • Linux 5.10.56
      • Linux 5.4.138
      • Linux 4.19.201
      • Linux 4.14.242
      • Linux 4.9.278
      • Linux 4.4.278
      • Happy 30th Birthday, Linux! [Ed: Happy 38th Birthday for GNU/Linux]

        Enrolled in the University of Helsinki, a young Linus Torvalds had gotten his hands on a 386 computer — state of the art in its day. It was Intel’s first 32 bit processor, and he wanted to be able to unlock its potential. There was a Unix operating system available for free, but only for educational purposes. It was called Minix. Its creator would not allow its source code to be altered, and largely ignored user requests for features. Minix featured, among other things, a modular kernel, in the belief that it would be easier to maintain. Unfortunately, it was only a 16 bit design, and its creator was reluctant to make a 32 bit version. All other Unix systems available for the new 32 bit platform were prohibitively expensive for regular, individual users.

        Thus, Linus Torvalds set out to make his own free kernel. At first, he built Linux on a computer running Minix, but ensured that Linux was free of proprietary Minix code. The rest of the story has been told and retold over the years, and is easily found on the internet.

      • Linux celebrates 30 years of open source goodness [Ed: Wait a second. 1. Open Source started 23 years ago. 2. GNU+Linux started 38 years ago. Linux Foundation pays this site (same company as ZDNet) to lie about history.]
    • Benchmarks

      • Arch Linux, Clear Linux, Fedora Compete On The ASUS ROG Strix G15 (Ryzen 9 5900HX)

        Following last month’s look at the ASUS ROG Strix G15 AMD Advantage laptop with Ryzen 9 5900HX processor and some of the initial hurdles seen on Ubuntu, readers were curious about how well other Linux distributions fared compatibility wise or if offering better performance elsewhere. Here are some tests across Arch Linux, Clear Linux, Fedora Workstation, and Ubuntu 21.04 for reference.

        When it comes to compatibility, each tested distribution worked fine when going through all available updates and getting to Linux 5.13 (or at least the latest Linux 5.12 point release on Clear Linux). The latest linux-firmware.git is also necessary if not shipped by the distribution in order to have working WiFi. The support criteria is basically what was laid out in the prior article on the ASUS ROG Strix G15. Basically, the newer the software components, the better.

    • Applications

      • 25 Best Free and Open Source Music Players

        There’s a huge raft of free and open source music software available on the Linux platform which is both mature and sophisticated. Linux has many music tools which offer enhanced functionality and integration with internet music services. With most desktop environments having several audio players, together with cross-platform applications, integrated media players, there is a plethora of music players to choose from.

        Like many types of software, the selection of a favorite music player is, to some extent, dependent on personal preferences. Nevertheless, we are confident that the applications featured in this article represent the most appealing music players.

      • Audacity: Now Considered Spyware

        Just when you thought it was safe to go back in the water …

        Over the last couple of months, the FreeNode IRC network has detonated or imploded (take your pick of which word to use, depending on your point of view), as we reported on last month. FreeNode was the IRC “home” of many FOSS projects.

        Prior to that, we were embroiled in (and reported on) another “scandal” where the new owners of LastPass made the popular password manager a subscription-based service, after being a free service ever since its inception.

        FOSS projects have taken a beating in 2021, and the year isn’t but two-thirds done yet.

      • Apps for daily needs part 3: image editors

        Image editors are applications that are liked and needed by many people, from professional designers, students, or for those who have certain hobbies. Especially in this digital era, more and more people need image editors for various reasons. This article will introduce some of the open source image editors that you can use on Fedora Linux. You may need to install the software mentioned. If you are unfamiliar with how to add software packages in Fedora Linux, see my earlier article Things to do after installing Fedora 34 Workstation. Here is a list of a few apps for daily needs in the image editors category.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • Inkscape Tutorial: New Release Highlights

        Inkscape 1.1 was released on May 24, 2021. It’s the latest major Inkscape release. Let’s look at some of the new features.

        — A Welcome dialog, which is different. Choices for a new document’s size or file to open are available. In the left column under “Time to Draw” are:

        Existing Files – This is self-explanatory; your previously created files would be listed here,

        Print – You can choose the page size you want when starting a new project,

        Screen – This gives you choices for your monitor resolution,

        Video – Lets you choose the type of video you want to create,

        Social – This contains pre-formatted templates for items to be uploaded to social media sites like Facebook, Snapchat, LinkedIn, etc.,

        Other – This includes preformatted templates for icons and name tags.

      • How to Install and Configure ELK Stack on Ubuntu and Debian – VITUX

        ELK stack consists of a set of applications for retrieving and managing log files. In the software development industry, log files play a vital role to identify the problem and troubleshoot the issue. ELK stack is a collection of different open-source application tools such as Elasticsearch, Kibana, and Logstash. ELK can be used to collect, search and visualize the logs generated from any source in any pattern using a query. In this article, we will learn how to install and configure the ELK stack on Ubuntu and Debian.

      • How to Install and Configure Caddy Web Server with PHP on Fedora 34 / CentOS 8

        Caddy is an open-source web server written in the Go language. It provides HTTP/3 support, TLS v1.3, automatic SSL configuration with Let’s Encrypt, reverse proxy, and supports multiple plugins to extend its functionality. It has the advantage of all its configuration being served from a single file no matter how many sites you need to host.

        This tutorial will cover installing and configuring Caddy and PHP on Fedora 34 and CentOS 8 based servers. We will cover how to host single and multiple sites and how to use reverse proxy along with few other security features.

      • Installing Packages From External Repositories in Ubuntu [Explained] – It’s FOSS

        You have some ideas about installing packages in Ubuntu with apt command. Those packages come from Ubuntu’s repositories.

        How about third-party or external repository? No, I am not talking about PPA here.

        Sooner or later, you’ll come across installation instructions that goes in at least four lines. You install something called ‘apt-transport-https’ and then do something with gpg and sources list. After that, you install the package.

      • How To Install Postman on CentOS 8 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Postman on CentOS 8. For those of you who didn’t know, Postman is basically used for creating, testing, and managing the APIs(Application Programming Interface). Postman is largely available on many operating systems and is used for API integrations. The collections in Postman make it easy to use and it is compatible with Linux as well.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the Postman on a CentOS 8.

      • How to Change or Set User Password in Linux

        As a regular user, you have a password that safeguards your account, and this account contains all your personal settings and files and therefore requires important protection.

        Hence, it is a good practice to change your password consistently to decrease the possibility that someone else gets to recognize your password and can use your credentials to authenticate.

      • How to Get Information About Other Linux Users

        On your personal computer at home, you are most likely the only user who is connected to your Linux system. However, if you are a user at the Linux server in your company there can be other users as well.

        In this case, it is good practice to know the information about other users who are currently connected to the same Linux machine using several commands.

      • How to install and use fping command on Linux – Unixcop

        fping is a program to send ICMP echo probes to network hosts, similar to ping, but much better performing when pinging multiple hosts. fping has a very long history: Roland Schemers did publish a first version of it in 1992 and it has established itself since then as a standard tool for network diagnostics and statistics.

        Fping stands for fast ping, and its main differentiation with the regular ping is that it gives you the ability to scan a list of hosts (either coming from a file, an IP range, or a subnet) and tells you which ones are alive. Other than that, it can do pretty much everything the good old ‘original’ ping can do in terms of latency, configuring payload, IPv4/IPv6, etc.

      • How to install phpMyAdmin on Rocky Linux 8 with Apache – Linux Shout

        Managing MySQL or MariaDB using a web-based GUI application – PhpMyAdmin is a lot easier than using the command line. Hence, if you want to install PhpMyAdmin on Rocky Linux 8 then here is a tutorial to help you with that.

        phpMyAdmin is free to use PHP-based application distributed under open source licenses and one of the popular tools on various web hosting to manage MySQL databases. It allows the users to perform create, delete, export, import, creating PDF graphics of the database layout and more database-related tasks but with GUI and with a few clicks of the mouse.

    • Games

      • Help a not-so-average clown find their lost dog in Ayo the Clown | GamingOnLinux

        Ayo the Clown is a new release from developer Cloud M1 where you assume the role of a not-so-average clown who sets off on an adventure to find their lost dog.

        “You play as Ayo, your not-so-average clown, in search of his best friend and beloved dog who has mysteriously disappeared. What happened to Bo? Will they ever juggle together at the park again? Or set up that circus act they’ve always planned? You’ll find out along this incredible adventure as you strive to reunite clown and dog. Like all good adventures, you won’t be all on your own. Ayo’s world is full of friendly people and interesting creatures that are willing to lend a helping hand.”

      • A fan for the Valve Index? Consider it an essential upgrade purchase | GamingOnLinux

        It’s Summer here in the UK, it’s bloody hot and that has meant that playing VR has turned into a very sweaty experience.

        There will be jokes of course from plenty of people about the UK, because of course many countries are hotter and a lot of them have that heat all of the time. However, the UK and houses / offices here really aren’t built for it. Pretty much anything other than a little rain and cloud or a tiny bit of sun and we’re just not prepared.

        So we come to my moaning and groaning about playing VR in the hot temperatures we’ve had recently. I was not ready for it — not at all. Hilariously underprepared you might say. I don’t think I’ve ever sweat that much doing anything. When you’re in a room that’s already around 27C and you add the heat from a VR HMD right on top of you’re head – you’re just turning yourself into a sweat machine.

      • Kingdoms and Castles gets an Alpha version with AI Kingdoms | GamingOnLinux

        Kingdoms and Castles is a medieval fantasy city-builder that’s getting closer to a colossal-sized update, and now you can try the Alpha version with AI factions.

        Currently, the game is just you building up a big castle and seeing how long you can hold out. Over time it has expanded with new options to build and new threats but now the AI Kingdoms update is coming. As the title suggests, it gives you the ability to (it’s optional) add in AI enemies who will build their own cities. This makes the game far more like a traditional RTS, although with a little more depth to the building systems.

      • CodeWeavers announce CrossOver 21.0 is out now with Wine 6.0 and DXVK 1.7

        CodeWeavers, the company the sponsors the Wine project and employs multiple of the developers has announced the release of their CrossOver 21.0 release.

        CrossOver is a helpful application that helps you manage installing Windows applications and games across Linux and other platforms (macOS / ChromeOS). If you’ve heard of or used the likes of Lutris before, it gives you the same idea but focuses directly on Wine. By buying CrossOver you’re supporting Wine development directly, plus you’re also getting access to their support lines if you need professional help.

      • Get your country to be the first to the moon in Moonshot – The Great Espionage

        Back when the space race was at its peak, the USA and Russia were trying to be first but what about if there was another behind the scenes trying to get the crown?

        That’s the idea in Moonshot – The Great Espionage. You work for a fictional country Ustria, as it becomes a three-way battle for space supremacy. You’re part of the Ustrian Secret Service and get front-row seats in this stealth puzzle-platformer as you infiltrate the competition and try to access secret plans to help push Ustria forwards.

      • Draft of Darkness is a deckbuilder like nothing else with a horror theme | GamingOnLinux

        Could this be your next 100 hour deckbuilder? Dark of Darkness has freshly released into Early Access on Steam.

        Mixing together exploration roguelike mechanics with a deckbuilder isn’t new, however throwing a dark atmosphere into it with a horror theme definitely makes it feel more unique than many others. The combat is about what you would expect giving you a turn-based card-throwing event but everything else makes it unusual, including the gloomy exploration you get to do.

      • Humble Choice for August includes Superliminal, ENCODYA, Bloodstained and more | GamingOnLinux

        Looks like the line-up for the monthly Humble Choice for August is actually pretty good, with a bunch of quality indie games included so it’s not one to miss.

        This is the bundle that replaced Humble Monthly, where you pay for whatever tier you feel is the best value to get access to the Humble Trove (a ton of DRM-free games), a discount at the Humble Store and the ability to claim Steam keys for multiple top titles.

      • Steam Deck’s popularity could be getting more gamers to try Linux

        Linux usage is spiking upwards according to the latest stats from Steam, and it seems likely that this is down to the Steam Deck driving interest in Linux gaming.

        The freshly released Steam hardware survey for July shows that Linux now represents a full percentage point of all those gaming on Valve’s platform. Now, 1% might sound like a tiny amount – and it is obviously just a drop in the overall gaming ocean – but it’s a telling milestone for Linux to reach.

      • Steam on Linux Finally Hits 1% User Share for First Time in Years

        According to the Steam Hardware Survey, this is the first time that the tracker has shown above an 1% Linux share since at least September 2018.

        Linux has always been a popular operating system for a certain kind of user, but it’s always presented complications if you want to play a wide variety of games. It might not be an operating system that is in the mouths of every gamer in the world. Now, however, the number of monthly active Steam users running Linux has risen to 1%, according to the Steam Hardware Survey.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • Maui Report 14

          Having the stable release scheduled just a few weeks away, this will be the last progress report listing important changes, the next blog post will be for the announcement of the stable release including only important bug fixes to issues and regressions found in this short Beta stage.
          This cycle introduces new components to the frameworks and paper-cut fixes to the group of applications, shaping a better convergent experience.

          With this post, there are Beta APK packages for wide testing, so if you feel adventurous you can install them on your Android device, and if you find issues, bugs, or have feature requests you can open and fill a ticket the corresponding Invent repository.

    • Distributions

      • BSD

        • Reviewing my first OpenBSD port, and what I’d do differently 10 years later

          The first port I ever sent was Beret, a 2D puzzle-platformer game. I guess even from the beginning I was helping out thfr@ in his #PlayOnBSD project. I cannot find the very first attempt at it, as it seems I linked a tarball from a server that has since gone to the great bitbucket in the sky. So I have the first tarball I posted instead.

      • PCLinuxOS/Mageia/Mandriva/OpenMandriva Family

        • Streaming From PCLinuxOS To Your Smart TV

          Watching DVDs these days has become an exercise in patience. Either the new smart TVs no longer have composite video inputs, or the DVD players are broken, and, many times, it doesn’t even pay to have them repaired. But for those who have a reasonably sized DVD collection (as I do), it is not worth getting rid of them, after all, they are like books, physical pieces of artistic content that belong to you. Yes, I will still write about the war on physical media, but in the meantime I will give you a tip on how you can watch your entire DVD collection on your Smart TV with the help of PCLinuxOS.

          [...]

          With this tip, I was able to play converted DVD files without problems, and since there is no decoding involved, since Darkhttpd only sends the file over the network, the limit will be your bandwidth, to be able to run files of higher resolutions, such as Blu Rays and even other media. I have not tested with more than one TV at the same time, but in theory, it should be possible. And, with a web server, you can even stream to cell phones, tablets, and other mobile devices.

        • PCLinuxOS Short Topix Roundup

          WHO BETTER TO DESIGN NEW AI COMPUTER CHIPS THAN AI? An article at WIRED highlights just that approach. Computer chips, often smaller than a fingernail, contain billions of components. Each and every decision made on the arrangement of those components has the potential to affect the speed and efficiency of the resulting chip. So, to place a billion transistors on a small computer chip, who better to do it than AI? While attempts to have computers help design computer chips in the past have fallen short, new advances in AI have made such matters within reach.

          Remember when you were told that the data being collected from your cell phone was being anonymized? Well, you were being lied to, even if it’s a lie by omission. According to an article on Vice, they are FAILING TO TELL YOU ABOUT AN ENTIRE INDUSTRY THAT OPERATES IN THE SHADOWS, and who’s sole business model is to collect the unique cell phone ID and mobile advertising IDs produced by various apps (called MAIDs), and linking them to personally identifiable information. The article, to say the least, is eye opening and quite disturbing. According to an article that appeared on Reuters, THE GERMAN DATA PROTECTION OFFICER GAVE MINISTRIES UNTIL THE END OF THE YEAR TO CLOSE THEIR FACEBOOK PAGES, after discovering that Facebook had failed to comply with German and European Union privacy regulations. Commissioner Ulrich Kelber said it was impossible to run a fan page in such a way that followers’ personal data was not transmitted to the United States. Under EU law, personal data can only leave the EU for a jurisdiction with equivalently strict data protection rules, something that is not the case for the United States.

          An article on Lifehacker LISTS SOME OF THE MORE NOTABLE CHANGES IN FIREFOX 90. Those include the ability to store credit card numbers, SmartBlock 2.0 working with Facebook to block the tracking Firefox users across the web, and the removal of the ability to download from FTP servers via a FTP.

          JustTheNews published an article describing how Erik Finman, the youngest Bitcoin millionaire, has CREATED THE FREEDOM PHONE, WHICH PROTECTS USERS’ PRIVACY WHILE PROMOTING FREE SPEECH AND PREVENTING CENSORSHIP. Built on top of a version of Android that has been “de-Googled,” it even has its own app store.

          Privacy activist Edward Snowden, in an interview with The Guardian, warned that no mobile phone is safe, considering the revelations about the clients of NSO. He has CALLED FOR A SPYWARE TRADE BAN in the wake of the NSO revelations. NSO Group manufactures and sells to governments advanced spyware, branded as Pegasus, that can secretly infect a mobile phone and harvest its information. Emails, texts, contact books, location data, photos and videos can all be extracted, and a phone’s microphone and camera can be activated to covertly record the user.

          Now this one is a bit funny. A lot of attention was being paid to Amazon founder and former CEO Jeff Bezos as he made his 10 minute flight into space aboard Blue Origin’s inaugural crewed flight. But the best part of the story (it was widely reported, and I saw it on Gizmodo and Reuters) may have been from Oliver Daemen, the 18 year old from the Netherlands. He not only MADE HISTORY AS THE YOUNGEST PERSON TO GO INTO SPACE, BUT HE ALSO MADE HEADLINES FOR SOME “SMALL TALK” HE MADE WITH BEZOS. He told Bezos that he had never bought anything off of Amazon. Bezos’ response was as priceless as it was true: “Oh, wow, it’s a long time ago I heard someone say that.” Additional history was made on the flight, with 82 year old female pilot Wally Funk becoming the oldest person to fly into space.

        • [PCLinuxOS] Screenshot Showcase
        • Linuxera: A Former Forum Admin Could Use Our Help

          Back in 2006, when I registered on the forum, there were some wonderful people here! Texstar was here of course, along with some that are still here: The Heat Exhausted Cranky Zombie, davecs, JohnW_57, wayne_1932, tuxalish and many more who are no longer around. Others registered shortly after I did, including parnote. In the fifteen years since I started visiting, I have come to feel that many of these people, whether I had ever met them or not, were good friends. We’ve shared many ups and downs.

          A very knowledgeable lady whose handle was Linuxera was here as well. She was an admin even then, and helped to keep us all in line. She was also a tester, and experimented with creating ISO’s of Enlightenment, and talked me through creating a backup ISO of my system years ago. She had lived in many places, including Florida and Oregon, but moved to Alabama a few years ago. Her first house in Alabama was really close to a river area that had some flooding, so she moved a bit north where the river wasn’t in her backyard. Sometime after 2012, for reasons unknown to me, she deleted her user profile in the forum.

          We’ve chatted and emailed sporadically since then. I found out her name is Cindy Solis. She is an Air Force veteran, and is now eligible for Social Security. She’s shared photos of her chickens and her dog and how she cleaned up the property where she lived, and I shared photos of my area and some of the activities I am involved in.

        • Welcome From The Chief Editor

          One of the things that stands out about PCLinuxOS is the sense of community that PCLinuxOS forum visitors find among its users. Time and time again, I see it mentioned in the forum.

          Even though we all come from different backgrounds, walks of life, professions, and have varied interests, one thing ties us all together: our love of Texstar’s creation, PCLinuxOS. In many ways, those friends we make in the forum become lifelong friends, and perhaps even extended family members.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • Ubuntu’s New Desktop Installer Is Now Available for Public Testing, Here’s How to Test It

          In early March, I took a first look at the Ubuntu’s new Desktop Installer as Canonical provided web-based designs of the new installer ahead of its initial release as part of the Ubuntu installation images, but now the installer written in Flutter is finally available for public testing in the latest daily build images of Ubuntu 21.10.

          The biggest changes in Ubuntu’s new Desktop Installer, besides the modern design that applies to all of the installer’s pages, is a brand-new “Try or Install” page that includes a “Repair Installation” option to help you repair a broken Ubuntu system, the ability to turn off Intel RST (Rapid Storage Technology) if you’re installing Ubuntu alongside Windows, a new page to allocate disk space, and a new page to choose between Light and Dark themes.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Many Interesting Talks On Deck For The X.Org Developers Conference 2021

        The program/schedule for this year’s XDC21 X.Org Developers’ Conference was posted this week ahead of the event occurring in mid-September. There are many interesting talks about X.Org and beyond, which in recent years largely revolve around Mesa and Wayland.

        The 2021 X.Org Developers Conference is once again being a virtual event given the pandemic. Intel folks are again organizing much of the event as well as Intel being the sole platinum sponsor of the event…

        [...]

        - David Edmundson with KDE will talk about ongoing work and an early proof-of-concept for increasing Wayland robustness so should the compositor crash it doesn’t bring down the entire session.

      • Full-Time Open Source

        Adam: Hello, and welcome to Corecursive. I’m Adam Gordon Bell. Each episode someone shares the story of a piece of software being built. Today’s show, How to Quit Your Job and Work on Open Source Full Time. This story has it all, balancing open source work and full-time employment, building up enough supporters and enough savings to leave your job. The hardest part to me which is explaining leaving your job to your significant other and to your family and friends.

        And then, also what do you do if your project succeeds, and then someone forks it and builds a commercial business around it? There’s a lot more as well dealing with hacker news feedback, how to improve upon the C programming language and how to be super ambitious without seeming arrogant. And my guest is this guy.

      • FSF

        • Licensing/Legal

          • It looks like a product but is secretly a subscription

            In any given scenario, a company (or person) will want to buy or rent something they need and they should decide carefully which to do. It’s fair to say that the answer to that question is the total subject of corporate finance.

            Companies rarely succeed based on good corporate finance alone but there is a kind of upside-down corporate finance that can really help: to make your suppliers and customers do bad corporate finance.

            An example, very of-the-moment, is to turn what would otherwise be a single purchase of a software package into a long-term rental – a “SaaS”. This happened with Adobe Photoshop, which was happily a thing you could buy a copy of for decades until Adobe realised that they could really start cooking with gas if they only made it available for an ongoing fee. For Adobe’s subscribers, the lock-in is considerable as access to their existing bank of files and documents is contingent on continued payment.

      • Programming/Development

        • 10 Factors Behind the Popularity of Microservices: Part 2

          I have shown in this series that microservices happily bring together several trends in computing from the past couple decades. There are many precedents for each of the traits developers associate with microservices. And these programming tools and processes are sure to evolve further. Microservices may soon join many of the other terms in this article that once larded programmers’ discussions, only to be denigrated later as obsolete. But the historic role played by microservices will continue to be recognized.

        • Asynchronous QtQuick UIs and their implementation: The Toolbox

          This blog post goes over the set of tools you have to work with when doing QtQuick UIs that need to perform something asynchronously.

        • Staying Sane in ML: Fixing Your Terrible Data Science Tools to Improve the Research Experience

          While machine learning research has made incredible theoretical advances, the day-to-day tools most researchers use are… poorly optimized, to say the least. And much knowledge is locked up in people’s private .bashrc files or wikis. This post aims to shed light on some very useful tools for beginning researchers.

          Expected audience: people, likely undergraduates, who are starting to do CS research that is vaguely in the “AI/ML” space. You have joined a Slack and gotten authentication credentials for this thing called a “cluster,” and are probably using Python with Jupyter Notebook.

        • Perl/Raku

          • What’s Next for Object-​Oriented Perl?

            Overall I’m satisfied with Object::Pad and by extension some of the syntax that Corinna will introduce. I’m going to try porting the rest of dbcritic and see if I can work around the issues I listed above without giving up the kwalitee improvement tools I’m used to. I’ll post my find­ings if I feel it merits another blog.

  • Leftovers

    • Utilities Governed Like Empires

      Whether it’s “bringing the world closer together” (Facebook), “organizing the world’s information” (Google), to be a market “where customers can find and discover anything they might want to buy online” (Amazon) or “to make personal computing accessible to each and every individual” (Apple), the founding missions of tech giants reveal a desire to become indispensable to our digital lives.

      They’ve succeeded. We’ve entrusted these companies with our sensitive data, from family photos to finances to correspondence. We’ve let them take over our communities, from medical and bereavement support groups to little league and service organization forums. We’ve bought trillions of dollars’ worth of media from them, locked in proprietary formats that can’t be played back without their ongoing cooperation.

      These services often work great…but they fail very, very badly. Tech giants can run servers to support hundreds of millions or billions of users – but they either can’t or won’t create equally user-centric procedures for suspending or terminating those users.

    • Science

      • Cell Phones Still Somehow Get The Entirety Of The Blame For Teen Depression

        For years now a strong narrative has emerged that the increase in teen depression (and suicides) is almost single handedly being caused by social media and cell phone use. Though quite often when you look a little more deeply at the studies in question you’ll find they’re a bit undercooked, tend to make overly broad assumptions about trends, and are often contradicted by other studies.

    • Education

      • I Want to Start School So I Can Learn to Write Letters to My Dad in Prison
      • Fading Beacon

        If America ultimately cedes its place as the world leader in international education, that will affect diplomacy, the economy, and the health of colleges and universities nationwide.

        This moment represents a “rupture,” says Stephanie K. Kim, a scholar of international and comparative education at Georgetown University’s School of Continuing Studies.

      • People of the pandemic: The French teacher who became a lockdown YouTube star

        After a few rehearsals, the team took the plunge. They invited the parents of the class’s 26 pupils by email to follow the new programme, “La maîtresse part en live” (a rather fortuitous play on words that can mean either, “The teacher goes live” or “The teacher spins out of control”).

        [...]

        What she hadn’t foreseen was that thousands of her YouTube channel subscribers would join forces and launch a petition arguing that the programme was in the “public interest”, demanding that she continue. In the end, at the request of the rector of the Rennes academy, her school district office, Letoqueux extended her digital adventure until the end of the school year, July 3. The petitioners won, as did children whose schools hadn’t reopened.

    • Hardware

      • Cracking into the Sun Ray General Dynamics-Tadpole M1400

        That brings us back to the zombified Tadpole under General Dynamics (I’ll call it “GD-Tadpole”). The MIPS Sun Rays were very power-efficient (again, a topic for a future post when we look at the Accutech Gobi systems) and performed well in laptops and even several Sun Ray tablets, but the chips weren’t available in volume and didn’t have the economies of scale of low-end PC laptops. So GD-Tadpole chose … a low-end PC laptop, specifically the Taiwanese Compal FT01, fitted it with Sun Ray software and a custom BIOS, and released that as the Tadpole M1400 in 2008. And here are two, one so new the sticky protective plastic cover picked up hairs: [...]

      • Apple, Affirm to launch buy-now-pay-later program for Canadian purchases: Bloomberg News

        In the United States, Australia and Europe, buy now, pay later is marketed as an alternative to credit cards. The service has soared in popularity during the pandemic as consumers seek other options to make purchases that are easier on their wallets.

    • Health/Nutrition

      • As US Hits Biden’s 70% Vaccination Goal, World’s Poor Nations Barely Over 1%

        Exposing stark global vaccine inequity amid a fast-spreading delta variant, White House officials said Monday that at least 70% of U.S. adults are now at least partly vaccinated against the coronavirus—compared to just barely over 1% when it comes to the world’s poorest nations.

        White House Covid-19 data director Cyrus Shahpar marked the milestone—reached nearly a month after President Joe Biden’s July 4 70% goal date—on Twitter:

      • ‘Stunning’: Democrats Considering Major Cuts to Future Pandemic Preparedness

        Although President Joe Biden has called for investing $30 billion in pandemic preparedness, congressional Democrats are reportedly considering slashing such proposed funding by $25 billion in forthcoming legislation, alarming public health advocates and prompting critics to ask if lawmakers have learned anything from the ongoing coronavirus disaster.

        “Prevention is always better than treatment, and the fact that, after an event as significant as Covid, we have to fight for this $30 billion defies belief.”—Gabriel Bankman-Fried, Guarding Against Pandemics

      • ‘Dangerous and Deadly’: Biden CDC Under Fire for Preserving Trump-Era Migrant Expulsion Policy

        The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued an updated order late Monday extending a Trump-era policy that allows the federal government to quickly expel migrants on public health grounds, a move that rights groups decried as both illegal and morally unconscionable.

        “Forcefully expelling migrants without due process does not protect public health, and it won’t slow the spread of the Delta variant.”—RAICES

      • NYC Restaurants & Gyms Will Require Proof of Vaccination Amid Rising COVID Cases
      • NYC to Become First US City to Mandate Proof of Vaccination for Certain Indoor Activities

        New York Mayor Bill de Blasio announced Tuesday that the city will soon require proof of vaccination against Covid-19 for patrons of restaurants, gyms, and other indoor spaces.

        The rule will go into enforcement in mid-September after a transition period starting August 16, in which the public and the owners of restaurants, gyms, and theaters will be educated about the mandate.

      • A Covid Surge and Record Heat Have Created a Cursed Olympic Games

        Even for the casual observer of the Olympics, it was clear way back in March 2020 that the International Olympic Committee was peddling phantasmagoria. In announcing its decision to postpone the Tokyo Olympics, the IOC said the Games would still be called “Tokyo 2020” even though the event would transpire in 2021. These days, such a willful suspension of reality is required to blind oneself to the ghoulish self-interest that has foisted the Olympics on an unwilling population during a health pandemic.

      • As Biden Touts 110+ Million Vaccine Donations to the World, US Urged to Go Much Further

        As the Biden administration on Tuesday touted the more than 100 million Covid-19 vaccine doses it has sent abroad, public health and justice advocates continued to highlight the dramatic disparity between inoculation levels in rich and poor nations and demand the United States government go much further in order to save lives and help bring the global pandemic to an end.

        “Every dose helps. Yet 100 million doses amount to only one one-hundredth of the current global need,” said Peter Maybarduk, director of Public Citizen’s Access to Medicines program.

      • “Death by DeSantis” Threatens Florida as Covid Numbers Spike

        Florida reported a jaw-dropping 21,683 new Covid-19 cases on Saturday, the highest single-day total since the pandemic began. The new figure is 10 percent higher than for the previous worst day, January 7, 2021, which occurred at the peak of last winter’s devastating surge.

      • Seniors Would Cross Party Lines to Back Candidates Who Support Medicare Negotiating Drug Prices: Poll

        A survey released Tuesday by the Alliance for Retired Americans finds that seniors overwhelmingly support allowing Medicare to negotiate prescription drug prices directly with pharmaceutical companies—so much so that a sizeable percentage would cross party lines to vote for a candidate who backs the proposed reform.

        “Even in today’s polarized political environment, a significant percentage of senior voters of both parties would cross party lines over this issue.”—Richard Fiesta, Alliance for Retired Americans

      • Covid pandemic linked to increased nearsightedness in kids

        An analysis of eye test data from nearly 2,000 Hong Kong school-age children revealed that the rate of nearsightedness that developed during the pandemic more than doubled what was found in a pre-pandemic study of children the same age, according to the report in the British Journal of Ophthalmology.

      • Paul knocks YouTube for removing video he posted, points users to competitor

        When reached for comment, a YouTube spokesperson said: “We removed a video from Senator Paul’s channel for including claims that masks are ineffective in preventing the contraction or transmission of the virus, in accordance with our COVID-19 medical misinformation policies.”

      • Antibiotics in Early Life Could Lead to Brain Disorders
    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Biden Warns That The Next Kinetic War Will Be The Result Of A Cyberattack, Which Is Stupid

          The cyberwar hype has been going on for nearly a decade now. And, while it is very much the case that cybersecurity to defend from international actors is very much a real need, it’s also true that dangling the threat of cyberwarfare over the public’s heads has been purposefully done to excuse governmental power grabs at the military and intelligence agency levels. It’s also been true throughout this hype-fest that the US government has been practically begging for there to be a cyberwar in the first place… except that other nations mostly seem to play with this at the most minimal levels. And, in the past, the American government has indicated that real shooting wars may result from cyberwar activities.

        • Could Ransomware Attacks Ultimately Benefit Consumers?

          That said, it’s worth noting that ransomware attacks are no different from the typical security attacks that we’ve been reading about for years. There’s nothing novel about the technology they rely on. What is novel, though, is that they’re attacking companies rather than consumers, and that’s changing the economics of data security.

        • Security

          • Serious flaws in widespread embedded TCP/IP stack endanger industrial control devices

            Coordination for the disclosure INFRA:HALT vulnerabilities lasted almost a year, much longer than the 90 days that’s standard for software vulnerabilities. Forescout and JFrog Security Research contacted HCC Embedded about the flaws in September 2020 and worked with the CERT Coordination Center (CERT/CC), the German Federal Cyber Security Authority (BSI), and the Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team (ICS-CERT) that’s part of the US government’s Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA).

            Even so, identifying the potentially impacted devices and vendors has been very hard and is an ongoing process. Using queries on the SHODAN search engine, the researchers found around 6,400 publicly accessible devices that run NicheStack. Using its own proprietary database with millions of device fingerprints, Forescout identified 2,500 potentially vulnerable devices from 21 vendors with the most affected industry verticals being process manufacturing, retail, and discrete manufacturing. Around half the identified devices were energy and power industrial control systems.

          • Security updates for Wednesday

            Security updates have been issued by Debian (asterisk, libpam-tacplus, and wordpress), Fedora (buildah and podman), openSUSE (thunderbird and webkit2gtk3), Oracle (kernel and varnish:6), SUSE (kernel, kvm, and webkit2gtk3), and Ubuntu (libdbi-perl and php-pear).

          • It’s time to improve Linux’s security | ZDNet

            Is Linux more secure than Windows? Sure. But that’s a very low bar. Kees Cook, a Linux security expert, Debian Linux developer, and Google Security Engineer, is well aware that Linux could be more secure. As Cook tweeted, “We need more investment in bug fixers, reviewers, testers, infrastructure builders, toolchain devs, and security devs.”

          • Qualys partners with Red Hat to improve Linux and Kubernetes security | ZDNet

            Everyone in the Linux and cloud world knows Red Hat. Everyone who pays attention to security knows Qualys. Now, the two are joining forces to bring Qualys’s Cloud Agent to Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) CoreOS and Red Hat OpenShift to better secure both systems.

          • Google: Linux kernel and its toolchains are underinvested by at least 100 engineers • The Register

            Google’s open security team has claimed the Linux kernel code is not good enough, with nearly 100 new fixes every week, and that at least 100 more engineers are needed to work on it.

            Kees Cook, a Google software engineer who has devoted much of his time to security features in the Linux kernel, has posted about continuing problems in the kernel which he said have insufficient focus.

            “The stable kernel releases (‘bug fixes only’) each contain close to 100 new fixes per week,” he said. This puts pressure on Linux vendors – including those who support the countless products which run Linux – to “ignore all the fixes, pick out only ‘important’ fixes, or face the daunting task of taking everything,” he said.

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • Amazon Wants You To Give Them Your Palm Print For A $10 Credit

              So folks, if you ever wondered just how much companies value your biological information, it seems the answer comes in the form of a crisp $10 bill. Oof.

            • Amazon will give you a whole $10 for your palm print

              Many have expressed concerns about a company like Amazon in particular collecting such data. The firm has been criticized in the past for pushing new technology in uncomfortable ways: selling biased facial recognition algorithms and aggressively expanding its network of police-connected home surveillance cameras.

            • Data exfiltration in Keepa Price Tracker

              Usually, the vendor will claim to anonymize all data, a claim that can rarely be verified. Even if the anonymization actually happens, it’s really hard to do this right. If anonymization can be reversed and the data falls into the wrong hands, this can have severe consequences for a person’s life.

              Today we will take a closer look at a browser extension called “Keepa – Amazon Price Tracker” which is used by at least two million users across different browsers. The extension is being brought out by a German company and the privacy policy is refreshingly short and concise, suggesting that no unexpected data collection is going on. The reality however is: not only will this extension extract data from your Amazon sessions, it will even use your bandwidth to load various Amazon pages in the background.

            • Your Facebook Account Was [Cracked]. Getting Help May Take Weeks — Or $299

              This has been happening to a lot of people lately, and the experience has left many users nearly as frustrated with the social network as they are with the hackers. In July, NPR received 19 emails from listeners complaining that their Facebook accounts had been hacked or disabled. People share similar tales of woe on Reddit forums and Twitter every day.

            • Europe’s Data Retention Saga and its Risks for Digital Rights

              In 2014, the CJEU brought down the Data Retention Directive in the Digital Rights Ireland decision for its incompatibility with the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. That Directive had required providers of electronic communications services to retain metadata about its customers’ communications, i.e. data (“communications data”) that identify the “who”, “where” and “when” of those communications rather than their content.

              The Directive was controversial with many digital rights organisations which argued that communications data provided just as much information about an individual as content data and that the Directive, therefore, interfered with individuals’ right to privacy.

              The 2014 decision concerned two cases (later merged by the court) brought by EDRi’s members DRI and a large number of complainants organised by Austrian organisation AK Vorrat (now called epicenter.works). The court’s reasoning set out in this ruling was confirmed and reinforced in Tele2/Watson two years later, when the court held again that any indiscriminate data retention obligation on telecommunications providers was unjustified in a democratic society.

            • Twitter teams up with the AP and Reuters to address misinformation

              Twitter Inc. announced today that it has begun a new partnership with the Associated Press and Reuters in a collaborative effort to tackle the spread of misinformation.

              The company explained in a blog post that up until now its curation team has been responsible for adding to topics that are “noteworthy, controversial, sensitive, or may contain potentially misleading information.” That means adding context to stories, giving people trusted sources when they search for various topics, and of course, labeling posts if they fall into the category of misinformation.

            • Apple & Its Mysterious Privacy Policy

              After having delved into Microsoft’s 1243 pages long “Privacy Guide”, we could not forget its concurrent, the stylish and high-end electronics manufacturer Apple.

              If the several and different privacy policies of Microsoft could be compared to a rainforest jungle, then Apple’s could be perhaps like a desert. Their Privacy Policy, if downloaded in PDF format, is nine pages in length, of which only three effectively describe what is collected and how they use it. “Great!”, you could say, “That proves that Apple collects less data from its users.” Well, not exactly. Let’s take a look.

              They start lecturing on how they care about you and your data, and that all Apple customers in the world will be treated equally regarding their privacy rights. This indeed is very nice, because not all countries have strong privacy regulations like the European Union or Canada, but it is also a pragmatic approach, because it is cheaper to keep one single worldwide policy by their legal department than dozens of them.

              Apple also has a “Privacy Governance”, where it is stated that they are “committed to respecting human rights, including the right to privacy and freedom of information and expression.” Unfortunately, despite the nice wording, equality of treatment and respect of human rights is not necessarily what is practiced by Apple, according to a December 2020 joint letter signed by a coalition of 154 activist groups and rights organizations representing Tibetan, Uyghur, Southern Mongolian, Hongkonger, Taiwanese, and Chinese people.

              [...]

              It is not very comfortable to know that company with access to more than 1.65 billion active devices in the world (of which one billion are active iPhones) operates under such opacity. Its tortuous privacy policy gives the impression that their practices behind their facade of a privacy-loving company could not be so nice. Other elements shed some light on this: the US House Committee on Energy and Commerce stated, in February 2021, that Apple’s App Store privacy labels are “highly misleading or blatantly false. [...] that approximately one third of evaluated apps that said they did not collect data had inaccurate labels.”

              Anyway, they have made some great efforts on de-identification and on processing much of the data inside your own device, instead of doing it on their servers. But they still have access to most of your data stored in the iCloud because it is not encrypted end-to-end, and they still make data collection in several apps an opt-in by default, which is not compliant with the “privacy by default” principle, present in many data privacy regulations.

              Microsoft, on the other hand, does not seem to be embarrassed at all about collecting consumers’ data, as we saw in our past article about Microsoft’s privacy policy and their hundreds of pages describing everything they get from users. But I must acknowledge at least one thing: they are pretty clear that they are picking up your data. And a lot. They won’t come with all this frothy language on how they care about you and the like. With Apple, one simply doesn’t know. Their practices are shrouded under such a mystery that you have no idea about what they are doing with your data. And here is the big deal: with Apple, you are paying a premium for devices and services that should be more privacy-respecting. But if they decline to tell you what they do with what they know about your life, would you keep trusting them? Apple keeps a “trust score” about every single user, but it seems it is theirs that is near zero.

            • Email Self Defense: A Guide To Fighting Surveillance With GnuPG Encryption

              Bulk surveillance violates our fundamental rights and makes free speech risky. This guide will teach you a basic surveillance self-defense skill: email encryption. Once you’ve finished, you’ll be able to send and receive emails that are scrambled to make sure a surveillance agent or thief intercepting your email can’t read them. All you need is a computer with an Internet connection, an email account, and about forty minutes.

              Even if you have nothing to hide, using encryption helps protect the privacy of people you communicate with, and makes life difficult for bulk surveillance systems. If you do have something important to hide, you’re in good company; these are the same tools that whistleblowers use to protect their identities while shining light on human rights abuses, corruption, and other crimes.

              In addition to using encryption, standing up to surveillance requires fighting politically for a reduction in the amount of data collected on us, but the essential first step is to protect yourself and make surveillance of your communication as difficult as possible. This guide helps you do that. It is designed for beginners, but if you already know the basics of GnuPG or are an experienced free software user, you’ll enjoy the advanced tips and the guide to teaching your friends.

            • Confidentiality

              • Thinking about “traceability”

                I don’t plain to weigh in on whether this policy is a good idea or viable on the merits, nor is it in my wheelhouse to say whether the Indian government is being forthright in their reasons for demanding this capability. (I will express a very grave degree of skepticism that this approach will catch any criminal who is remotely malicious and takes steps to cover their tracks.) In this post I mostly want to talk about the technology implications for encrypted messaging services, and what tracing features might mean for end-to-end encrypted systems like WhatsApp.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • Opinion | What Americans Don’t Want to Hear About Our Moral Crimes of War

        This summer, it seemed as if we Americans couldn’t wait to return to our traditional July 4th festivities. Haven’t we all been looking for something to celebrate? The church chimes in my community rang out battle hymns for about a week. The utility poles in my neighborhood were covered with “Hometown Hero” banners hanging proudly, sporting the smiling faces of uniformed local veterans from our wars. Fireworks went off for days, sparklers and cherry bombs and full-scale light shows filling the night sky.

      • Afghanistan: As US “Withdraws” Airstrikes Intensify and More Civilians Die

        At least 40 Afghan civilians have been killed, according to the United Nations, as the U.S. Air Force launched renewed overnight airstrikes to combat a Taliban offensive aimed at capturing the southern provincial capital from Afghanistan’s government forces.

      • Medals to Honor Police Who Protected Congress in Capitol [Insurrection]

        The Senate has voted to award Medals of Honor to the Capitol Police and the Metropolitan Police Department for protecting Congress during the January 6 insurrection, sending the legislation to President Joe Biden for his signature.

        Under the bill, which passed by voice vote with no objections, four medals will be displayed at the Capitol Police headquarters, the Metropolitan Police Department, the U.S. Capitol and the Smithsonian Institution.

      • How kidnap-for-ransom became the “most lucrative industry in Nigeria”

        Not only has Bukarti studied violent extremist groups in sub-Saharan Africa, including Boko Haram, for over a decade, he also hails from the northeastern Nigerian state of Borno, just a mile away from where Boko Haram originated.

        So I called him up to find out more about why the Nigerian government has failed to rein in these bandits and stop the kidnappings and what, if anything, the international community can do to end the crisis.

        Our conversation, edited for length and clarity, is below.

      • India’s Afghanistan quandary

        America has cut and run. Pakistan and China are rubbing their hands in glee waiting to move in to fill the vacuum in Afghanistan left by the United States. Russia and Iran, although wary of the Taliban, are happy that the US has been shown up as a colossus with feet of clay despite the gloss being put by Washington on what amounts to a humiliating retreat. The only country with a major stake in the future of Afghanistan that is unhappy with the American decision is India—and for very good reasons. India has already pumped US$3 billion since 2001 in developmental assistance into Afghanistan in order to prevent the exact scenario that is emerging now.

      • Islamic State Group Smuggling Boys to Desert Training Camps

        In particular, the report warned that despite a series of crackdowns by the U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces, IS, also known as ISIS or Daesh, retains significant influence in many of the camps, as well as freedom of movement, allowing it to target “the most susceptible” for recruitment.

    • Transparency/Investigative Reporting

      • The Jailing of Craig Murray: Another Move to Snuff Out Independent Journalism

        Murray is also the first person to be jailed in Britain for contempt of court in half a century – a period when such different legal and moral values prevailed that the British establishment had only just ended the prosecution of “homosexuals” and the jailing of women for having abortions.

      • No, Cormac McCarthy Isn’t on Twitter. Don’t Be Fooled by the Check Mark.

        It was not clear how long the account had been verified. Twitter did not answer questions about how the mistake happened. Going forward, the company said, it would require the account to comply with its policy that parody or fan accounts have labels.

        Twitter itself once selected the accounts of famous people to be verified. The check marks have become somewhat of a status symbol on the social media platform and are intended to distinguish celebrities from impersonators. Now, users can apply to have their accounts verified.

    • Environment

      • Opinion | Dear Evan Greenberg, Climate Leaders Don’t Insure Tar Sands Pipelines

        Canada’s Trans Mountain pipeline is an environmental and human rights disaster. It transports tar sands, one of the world’s dirtiest fossil fuels, from Alberta to Vancouver, across the territories of Indigenous Peoples who have made their opposition to the pipeline clear. Its 85 spills to date have poisoned lands and waters. And the proposed Trans Mountain expansion would triple the flow of oil and substantially increase the risk of catastrophic spills, particularly in the fragile Burrard Inlet.

      • The Science Museum’s ‘Gagging Clause’ is the Tip of the Iceberg When it Comes to its Flawed Approach to Climate Change

        By Chris Garrard and Jess Worth, Co-directors of Culture Unstained

        Something is seriously wrong at the Science Museum Group (SMG). Last week, Channel 4 News reported on Culture Unstained’s latest investigation into the museum’s controversial sponsorship deal with the oil giant Shell. 

        Stay up to date with DeSmog news and alerts

      • Civilization-Ending Climate Change Is Knocking On Our Door

        I’ll never forget the day the trucker called into my radio show. It was probably around 14 years ago, and he identified himself as a long-haul trucker who regularly ran a coast-to-coast route from the southeast to the Pacific Northwest dozens of times a year.

        “Used to be when I was driving through the southern part of the Midwest like I am right now,” he said, “I’d have to stop every few hours to clean the bugs off my windshield. It’s been three days since I’ve had to clean bugs off my windshield on this trip. There’s something spooky going on out here.”

      • Groups Welcome Biden Review But Demand Congress Permanently Protect Arctic Refuge From Drilling

        Indigenous and environmental groups on Tuesday welcomed the U.S. Interior Department’s decision to review the Trump administration’s controversial move opening up previously protected land in Alaska to drilling despite threats to local communities and wildlife as well as the global climate.

        “What is needed most is an act of Congress to permanently protect this special place from destructive drilling.”—Mike Scott, Sierra Club

      • Bipartisan Infrastructure Bill ‘Doubling Down on Support for Carbon Polluters’ With $25 Billion in Subsidies, Critics Warn

        While Democratic leaders have described the Senate’s bipartisan infrastructure bill as “a significant down payment” toward addressing the climate emergency, environmental justice advocates are warning that the proposed legislation—which reportedly includes billions of dollars in potential new subsidies for dirty energy projects disguised as solutions—threatens to prolong the life of the planet-wrecking fossil fuel industry.

        “The Senate is proposing that we spend tens of billions of dollars propping up fossil fuel corporations.”—Mitch Jones, Food & Water Watch

      • Energy

        • Line 5 pipeline between U.S. and Canada could cause ‘devastating damage’ to Great Lakes, say environmentalists

          Line 5, a 1,000-kilometre-long pipeline owned by Calgary-based Enbridge, carries up to 540,000 barrels of oil and natural gas liquids a day from Wisconsin to Sarnia, Ont., where it is shipped to other refineries in Ontario and Quebec.

          It’s at the centre of a politically charged dispute between Michigan Gov. Gretchen Whitmer, who’s ordered what she calls the “ticking time bomb” to be shut down, and Canadian officials, including Ontario Premier Doug Ford, who’ve sided with Enbridge in insisting it’s safe to keep running.

      • Wildlife/Nature

        • The Need for Wild Bison Restoration

          Due to behavioral and other differences, domestic livestock are no substitute for bison.

          Bison were critical to the horse-mounted bison hunting culture of the plains Indians and to their demise by the 1880s.  The disappearance of the vast herds of bison shocked or alarmed the American public and helped to foster new wildlife protection policies.

        • The stampede into national parks

          So to accommodate the crush, parks have been responding with innovative solutions. Visitors are being reminded that the worst crowding is happening at just a couple of dozen iconic places (think Yellowstone, Zion, the Grand Canyon, etc.) in a system of more than 400 parks. Visiting a lesser-known park may provide a little more elbow room.

          Parks are employing timed-entry reservation systems and shuttle services to cut the number of vehicles clogging their roads. And nearby businesses, which depend on park tourism, are jumping in to share their local knowledge and help visitors plan a more pleasant stay.

    • Finance

      • Taxing Lifetime Gains Serves Different Fairness Goal Than Estate Tax

        We’re now witnessing this phenomenon once again in the struggle over the Biden administration’s move to eliminate one of the most gaping loopholes in our tax system, the so-called “basis step-up” that lets wealthy people avoid paying any income tax whatsoever on lifetimes of investment gains.

        Consider Jeff Bezos, the richest American. As ProPublica has reported, Bezos has paid little more than trifling amounts in income tax over the years even as his Amazon shares have appreciated over $100 billion. In several years, Bezos paid no tax at all.

      • The Politics of Spectacle: On Eviction Moratorium, The Squad Talks the Walk

        Members of Congress departed for a seven-week vacation at the same time that the Center for Disease Control’s (CDC) national eviction moratorium expired on July 31. The Squad, a subset of members of the House of Representatives who espouse Bernie Sanders’ policy agenda, gathered at the Capitol building to demand that Congress come back to work and hold a vote to renew the moratorium. Cori Bush, Jamal Bowman, and other Squad members slept on the Capitol steps overnight as part of the ongoing protest. Critics on social media pointed out that the rally was too little, too late while others remarked that the low attendance of the rally, comprised mainly of political surrogates, rendered the action nothing more than a photo opportunity for the Squad.

      • Global Britain Slashes International Aid

        The United Kingdom is certainly such a case. For years, governments of different stripes praised the political importance of the aid programme.  “Development has never just been about aid or money, but I am proud that Britain is a country that keeps its promises to the poorest in the world,” British Prime Minister David Cameron told the United Nations General Assembly in a 2012 speech.

        This all started changing in 2020.  The merging of the Department of International Development with the Foreign Office was a signal that pennies would be in shorter supply.  On November 25, 2020, UK Chancellor of the Exchequer Rishi Sunak announced that the government would not spend 0.7% of gross national income on official development assistance in 2022.  The allocation would fall to 0.5% of GNI – £10 billion in monetary terms.  Relative to the 2019 budget, this would amount to an effective cut of around £4 to 5 billion.  Aid had very much become a matter of money.

      • Biden’s Infrastructure Bill Shouldn’t Undermine Cryptocurrency Infrastructure In The Process

        There was a reasonable uproar from the cryptocurrency community this weekend as it appeared that the long fought for Biden infrastructure bill would change some definitions to create a mess for the wider cryptocurrency space.

      • The Saving Rate is Still High: Evidence on the Post-Pandemic Economy

        For those not familiar with this economic concept, the saving rate is the percent of after-tax income that is not spent. To be clear, not spent means literally that people did not use it on consumption. If they used their income to pay for rent, buy a car, pay for their college, this would all be counted as consumption.

        By comparison, if they put their money in their checking account or savings account, bought a government bond or shares of stock, this would be counted as saving. It would also be counted as savings if they used some of their money to pay down credit card or student loan debt.

      • Democrats Took Millions From Real Estate Interests Before Allowing Eviction Moratorium to End

        As the homes of millions of renters across the U.S. were threatened this week by the White House’s and Congress’s refusal to extend the eviction moratorium put in place by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Democrats’ inaction was directly benefiting some of the party’s biggest backers in the real estate industry.

        “It’s not shocking, because we have seen this pattern again and again. What is shocking is that millions of people are at risk of not just becoming homeless, but also getting a deadly disease.”—Sara Myklebust, Georgetown University

      • ‘Give the Money Back,’ Demands Tlaib After Revelation of $1 Million Donation to House Dems From Real Estate Titan

        Following the revelation Tuesday that House Democrats received $1 million from the chairman of an apartment rental company weeks before they let the nationwide eviction moratorium expire, Rep. Rashida Tlaib led calls to return the money—and extend the federal eviction moratorium.

        “Democrats were bought off for leaving six million Americans without an eviction moratorium.”—Jackie Fielder, Daybreak PAC

      • Billionaires Take Up Space
    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • Opinion | Nina Turner: A Champion of the People Redeeming Our Frayed Democracy

        The COVID-19 pandemic has revealed once again the awesome power of the Federal Government.  Much as in 2008, when the U.S. and international financial systems imploded, the U.S. government and the Federal Reserve stepped in and took unprecedented measures to draw upon a seemingly unlimited pool of funds and bail out the existing economic order. Fortunately, these resources were extended more broadly this time, saving countless lives.

      • Inside the Magaverse

        Support independent cartooning: join Sparky’s List—and don’t forget to visit TT’s Emporium of Fun, featuring the new book and plush Sparky!

      • Opinion | Is Biden Doing Enough to Fight Off the GOP’s Relentless Assault on Democracy? I Fear Not

        The following remarks were presented as a lecture at the closing session of the 2021 Democracy & Diversity Graduate Summer Institute of the Transregional Center for Democratic Studies, New School for Social Research.

      • The Fall of Tunisia, Last of the Arab Spring Nations

        That tomorrow moved even further into the future this week when a coup displaced the last surviving democracy to emerge from the Arab uprising of 2011. Appropriately, it took place in Tunisia, where the Arab Spring began a decade ago after a vegetable seller burned himself to death in a protest against the actions of the corrupt and dictatorial regime.

        On 25 July, Kais Saied, the Trump-like populist president of Tunisia, sacked the prime minister, suspended parliament and declared himself prosecutor general. As with Donald Trump, he had spent the years since he was elected in 2019 blaming members of parliament, critical media and government institutions for the dire state of the country. Polls show that many Tunisians believe him.

      • Kucinich is Back…in Cleveland

        Understanding power, this reviewer believes, has long escaped the attention of most people (especially the powerless, and I include women in this category) because they have been kept from it, or they steer clear of it because they know that power corrupts. Kucinich’s book is a welcome primer, told in very human, easily understood terms. It is centered around a David v. Goliath struggle to save a municipally-owned utility company from corporate predators and their devious efforts to increase utility rates to improve their profits. Fast-paced and well documented, it’s also essential reading for anyone who wants to enter the fray with the aim of challenging Old Boy networks in order to bring about essential changes that meet the needs of the people.

        To a certain degree, Kucinich had street smarts going for him. Growing up in the inner city, he easily recognized “the hustlers, the practiced deceivers“ in his neighborhood. But once he got involved in city politics, he soon discovered a whole new level of skullduggery.

      • Sacrificing Truth to Stay in Power
      • ‘He Should Be Impeached’: State Probe Finds Cuomo Sexually Harassed Multiple Women

        New York’s Democratic Gov. Andrew Cuomo “violated multiple state and federal laws” by groping, kissing, and hugging current and former government employees without their consent; making inappropriate sexual comments; creating a toxic work environment; and retaliating against at least one former staffer who went public with her story.

        “No man—no matter how powerful—can be allowed to harass women or violate our human rights laws, period.”—Letitia James, New York Attorney General

      • ‘I Think He Should Resign’: Biden Joins Chorus of Demands for Cuomo to Step Down

        U.S. President Joe Biden on Tuesday joined the growing chorus of people calling for New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo to step down after a state probe concluded that the Democrat “engaged in conduct constituting sexual harassment under federal and New York state law.”

        “I think he should resign,” Biden told reporters after being asked about the findings Tuesday afternoon, citing his earlier comments when multiple women accused Cuomo of sexual harassment earlier this year.

      • Cori Bush, Progressive Lawmakers and Activists Hailed for New CDC Eviction Moratorium

        Pressure from progressive lawmakers and grassroots activists to extend the expired federal eviction moratorium paid off Tuesday when the Biden administration took action to shield most—but not all—U.S. renters at risk of losing their homes.

        “We saw what it’s like when one of the lowest-income Americans ever elected to national office challenged a Congress that is half made up of millionaires.”—Alexandra Rojas, Justice Democrats

      • Andrew Cuomo Is the New Crown Prince of Denial

        On Tuesday, State Attorney General Letitia James released her much-anticipated report into the sexual harassment allegations brought against Governor Andrew Cuomo of New York. James, a fellow Democrat, was unequivocal: Cuomo had harassed multiple women, including current and former government workers, breaking state and federal laws. However, James said that holding the governor legally accountable would be a civil, not a criminal, manner.

      • Lawyers say Paul Whelan, American national jailed in Russia, hasn’t been heard from in a month

        American national Paul Whelan, who is serving a 16-year sentence in Russia on espionage charges, hasn’t been in touch with his family or the U.S. Embassy in more than four weeks, his lawyer Olga Karlova told Interfax.

      • Paving a Pathway to Citizenship Also Means Paving a Pathway to Recovery
      • Navalny’s Anti-Corruption Foundation fined over lack of ‘foreign agent’ disclaimers

        A Moscow court has fined Alexey Navalny’s Anti-Corruption Foundation (the FBK) for failing to include “foreign agent” disclaimers on its website “ECHR Search.”

      • “I Alone Can Fix It”: Book Details Trump’s Last Year & the Military’s Fear He Would Stage a Coup

        A new book by two Pulitzer Prize-winning Washington Post reporters provides fresh details on former President Trump’s response to the pandemic, his campaign to overturn the 2020 election results, and the events surrounding the January 6 attack on the U.S. Capitol. The book, “I Alone Can Fix It: Donald J. Trump’s Catastrophic Final Year,” details how the country’s top general, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Mark Milley, feared Trump would wage a coup after losing the November election, among other revelations. We speak with co-authors Philip Rucker and Carol Leonnig, who say their reporting unearthed “a lot of things that made our jaws drop to the ground.” In an interview for the book, Trump said his only regret during his last year in office was not deploying the military against Black Lives Matter protesters. “He wanted to use active-duty troops on the streets of America’s cities to combat American protesters who were exercising their First Amendment rights,” says Rucker.

      • A Trump Bombshell Quietly Dropped Last Week. And It Should Shock Us All.

        On Friday, the House oversight committee released notes of a 27 December telephone call from Trump to then acting attorney general Jeffrey Rosen, in which Trump told Rosen: “Just say the election was corrupt + leave the rest to me and the R congressmen.” The notes were taken by Richard Donoghue, Rosen’s deputy, who was also on the call.

      • Biden’s Call for “Out-Organizing” Voter Suppression Is Insulting, Say Activists
      • Facebook Disables Accounts Tied to NYU Research Project

        Facebook Inc. has disabled the personal accounts of a group of New York University researchers studying political ads on the social network, claiming they are scraping data in violation of the company’s terms of service.

      • Tencent Boss Loses $14 Billion in Crackdown, More Than Jack Ma

        In a twist that has upended conventional wisdom on the political pecking order of China’s business elite, Tencent Holdings Ltd.’s mild-mannered boss, Pony Ma, has lost more paper wealth over the past nine months than Jack Ma, the combative co-founder of Alibaba Group Holding Ltd. and Ant Group Co.

      • Why spite could destroy liberal democracy

        As communism imploded in 1989, the American political scientist Francis Fukuyama asked if liberal democracy was “the end of history”, being the form all societies were destined to take. The past decades have suggested not. Illiberal democracies and hybrid democratic-authoritarian regimes continue to emerge.

        Fukuyama foresaw this possibility. He felt that citizens dissatisfied with liberty and equality could destabilise liberal democracy – restarting history as it were. One way they could do so, I realised while writing a book about spite, is if such dissatisfaction led to spiteful acts.

        I therefore believe defenders of liberal democracy must understand the danger of spite.

      • ‘He had a bad feeling’: Ukrainian police launch murder investigation after missing Belarusian activist is found dead in Kyiv

        Ukrainian police have opened a murder investigation after finding missing Belarusian activist Vital Shyshou hanged in a Kyiv park on the morning of August 3. Shyshou, who left Belarus in the fall of 2020, was reported missing a day earlier after he went out for a morning jog and never returned. Ukrainian police suspect his death was a suicide or a murder framed as suicide. However, Shyshou’s colleagues and loved ones believe he was killed. Fellow activists from the NGO “Belarusian House in Ukraine” (BDU), which Shyshou founded to help Belarusians fleeing political persecution, said that his face showed signs of having been beaten. BDU also said that sources in Kyiv and Belarus told its members about a network of Belarusian KGB agents allegedly working in Ukraine, and warned about the possibility of “kidnappings and liquidations.” A week before his death, Vital Shyshou noticed that he was being followed and asked friends to “take care” of his loved ones.

      • Belarus Activist Vitaly Shishov’s Death Investigated as Murder Disguised as Suicide

        Shishov had led the Belarusian House in Ukraine group, which assists Belarusians to find jobs, legal advice and accommodation.

      • Exiled Belarus activist found hanged in Ukraine, police open murder case

        Police said they had launched a criminal case for suspected murder, including investigating whether killers tried to disguise the crime as suicide.

      • Vitaly Shishov: Head of Belarus exiles group found dead in Ukraine

        Police said that they had recovered Mr Shishov’s mobile phone and personal items from the scene.

      • Cognitive Confinement In Narrative Prisons

        After writing a whole book about [Internet] and narrative control, I want to share what I personally do, in my own limited ways, to try not to get stuck in bubbles. The book covers a lot of ground on this used up road, especially in the last part, but let’s be practical instead. This isn’t meant to be didactic but only informative of my reflection on how I attempt to achieve this and the issues I’ve encountered.

    • Misinformation/Disinformation

      • Understanding Overlapping Corporate Disinformation Campaigns is Critical to Telling the Full Story About Science Denial

        Bayer, which now owns Monsanto, announced at the end of July that it will remove the harmful pesticide glyphosate — a “probable carcinogen” — from its Roundup herbicide products by 2023, as it continues to face mounting pressure from lawsuits about the product’s health impacts. 

      • Algeria revokes accreditation of Saudi channel Al-Arabiya over allegedly spreading misinformation

        Algerian authorities should immediately reverse their decision to revoke the accreditation of Saudi news channel Al-Arabiya and ensure that the channel can operate freely in the country, the Committee to Protect Journalists said today.

        On July 31, Algeria’s communications ministry withdrew Al-Arabiya’s press accreditation for allegedly spreading misinformation while failing to respect journalistic ethics and practicing manipulation, according to news reports and the state-run news agency Algérie Press Service.

        None of the reports specified what the channel allegedly published to earn the revocation and neither the communications ministry nor Al-Arabiya returned CPJ’s emailed requests for comment.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • Social Network GETTR, Which Promised To Support ‘Free Speech’ Now Full Of Islamic State Jihadi Propaganda

        When last we checked in on GETTR, the latest in the Gab-Parler trend of very naive people setting up a new social network they hope will become the “MAGA central” social network by claiming, ridiculously, that they “won’t censor,” it was overrun by furry porn and My Little Pony porn. The site, that is run by former Trump spokesperson Jason Miller, has struggled to understand how content moderation actually works, and is now facing yet another new kind of content moderation challenge: jihadi propaganda from the Islamic State.

      • President Of France Sues Citizen Over Billboard Comparing Macron To Hitler

        Some countries still have laws that forbid insulting political leaders. But you kind of assume enforcement of these laws will be left to the Erdogans and Dutertes of the world.

      • Facebook, Google, Twitter Register to Lobby Congress on Section 230

        Since the Capitol [insurrection], a number of proposals have been put forward to amend — in some cases completely repeal — the provision to address what some Republicans are calling outright censorship by social media companies. Even Florida tried to take matters into its own hands when it made law rules that penalized social media companies that banned politicians. That law has since been put on hold by the courts.

        The social media giants, and its allies in the industry, have pressed the importance of the provision, which they say have allowed once-fledgling companies like Facebook to be what it is today. And some representatives think reform of the law could lean more toward amendment than outright repeal. But lawyers have warned about a shift in attitude toward those liability protections, as more judges in courts across the country hold big technology companies accountable for harm caused by the platforms.

      • Why X-rated masterpiece The Devils is still being censored

        The late film director Ken Russell was the embodiment of outrageous cinema. From his early documentaries and biopics about famous composers for the BBC to feature films such as Women in Love (1969), The Music Lovers (1971) and Tommy (1975), Russell became one of Britain’s most unique screen artists.

        Today, one film of his above all others is still considered controversial: 1971′s The Devils. Based on real events that occurred in a 17th-Century French town, it caused more than a few sleepless nights for the censors.

      • [Old] Big Tech is a big threat to political speech

        Big Tech has big power over freedom of expression— and that is a big problem.

        Over the last several months, it has become quite apparent that Facebook and Twitter exercise an inordinate amount of control over the news and ideas we are exposed to. In the wake of the Capital Hill riots by the far-right, Big Tech companies took the unprecedented step of deplatforming the sitting President of the United States and ramping up their powers of censorship.

        Now, no one should feel bad for Donald Trump or the far-right. But the increased powers nakedly wielded by Big Tech companies are a major cause for concern for the left. Those of us who are engaged in political struggles that seek to upend the structures of racism, imperialism and inequality often are advocating ideas outside the mainstream – a term which powerful Big Tech companies increasingly define. Thus, a crackdown on political expression that seeks to reign in ill-defined “extremism” inevitably means attacking the political expression of those who challenge existing power structures in our society. And this is a very dangerous thing.

      • Freedom of Speech: A Vulnerable Right

        Social media has undoubtedly become the dominant form of communication in our society. Sixty-eight percent of U.S. adults identify themselves as Facebook users. Statistics show that people on average spend 2.5 hours per day on social networks and messaging. Also, 49 percent “of consumers depend on influencer recommendations on social media.” Social media boosters claim that this success shows that Facebook, Twitter, Google, and other platforms are fulfilling their promise to help build an interconnected world of free expression and solidarity in diversity of thought. But is this true?

    • Freedom of Information/Freedom of the Press

      • Body of Danish Siddiqui was mutilated; shot 16 times, head brutally crushed

        According to reports in the media, Siddiqui was hit by shrapnel and rushed to a neighboring mosque for treatment. The news of his stay spread, forcing Taliban gunmen to attack the mosque, which a local investigation determined was only done because the Taliban knew the photojournalist was sheltering there.

      • Belarusian Journalist Sentenced To 18 Months In Prison For ‘Insulting’ Lukashenka

        The verdict in the case against Syarhey Hardzievich, 50, comes as part of a massive government crackdown in Belarus on independent media, human rights defenders, and activists.

      • Belarus Sends Reporter to Prison Over Deleted Chat Messages

        A court in Belarus convicted a journalist of insulting the president in messages in a deleted chat group and sentenced him to 1 1/2 years in prison, the Belarusian Association of Journalists said Monday.

        The verdict in the case against Siarhei Hardziyevich, 50, comes as part of a massive crackdown that Belarusian authorities have unleashed on independent media and human rights activists.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • CoJiT: The “Anti-Extremism” Think Tank Started by Sons of Israeli Superspy Robert Maxwell

        If you have not heard of Combating Jihadist Terrorism and Extremism (CoJiT), you are probably not alone. The London-based think tank does not go out of its way to advertise itself. Yet it appears to be having an outsized effect on domestic British policy towards terrorism and surveillance, pushing for more all-encompassing measures against Muslims in the name of fighting terrorism both at home and worldwide.

      • Why Carlson’s Alliance With Hungarian Fascism Matters

        The Daily Beast’s report (8/3/21) that Fox News host Tucker Carlson would speak at “MCC Feszt, a far-right conference in Budapest that is backed by Hungary’s authoritarian prime minister Viktor Orbán,” may just be one item on the host’s long list of potentially racist and fascist-friendly acts. But it stands out as an international incident, casting his range beyond American politics.

      • Refugees Continue to Face “Extreme Danger” in Mediterranean Sea as Aid Groups Scramble to Respond

        The number of refugees trying to reach European soil continues to grow due to worsening poverty, violence and the climate crisis, and over 1,100 refugees have perished crossing the Mediterranean so far this year, according to the United Nations. We speak with Laurence Bondard of SOS Méditerranée, a humanitarian group that rescues migrants at sea, who says there is a severe shortage of search-and-rescue resources in the area to address the crisis. “The people that are actually fleeing via the sea that are on tremendously unseaworthy dinghies — most of the time without life jackets, without enough food or water — are in extreme danger, and they cannot always be rescued,” Bondard says.

      • Palestinians Reject Deal That Turns Settlers Into Landlords in Sheikh Jarrah
      • ‘We Are the Owners’: Palestinians Refuse to Concede Land Rights to Israelis in Sheikh Jarrah

        Palestinian families facing ethnic cleansing from their Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood in occupied East Jerusalem on Monday rejected a so-called “compromise” offer from Israel’s Supreme Court, which would allow them to remain in their homes if they recognize as rightful owners the Israeli settler group trying to steal the properties.

        Under the Israeli high court proposal, four Palestinian families and dozens of others threatened with forced expulsion from the Sheikh Jarrah area would remain in the neighborhood as “protected tenants” who could not be evicted, as long as they acknowledged that Nahalat Shimon Company—a right-wing settler organization dating back to the early years of Zionist colonization of Palestine—as the lawful owner, and paid it NIS 1,500 ($465) in annual rent.

      • Palestinians Reject Israeli Court’s Deal That Would Put Them at “Mercy of Settlers” in Sheikh Jarrah

        The Israeli Supreme Court this week offered Palestinian residents of Sheikh Jarrah a compromise in their ongoing fight to block Jewish settlers from forcibly expelling them from their own homes. The high court proposed that Palestinian families could stay in their homes for now if they begin paying rent to the Jewish settler group that claims ownership over the properties — a deal the families rejected, insisting they are the legal owners. The planned evictions in East Jerusalem helped spark the last war in Gaza in May and have galvanized international support for Palestinians facing dispossession from settler groups and the state. The United Nations has described the planned evictions as a possible war crime. Palestinian writer and poet Mohammed El-Kurd, whose family is among those facing eviction in Sheikh Jarrah, says the Israeli Supreme Court is “evading its responsibilities” by refusing to make a ruling, offering a face-saving compromise instead that will not ultimately benefit the families. “We would be living at the mercy of settlers, paying rent to live in our own homes and dealing with all kinds of arbitrary policies,” he says.

      • Announcing the Winners of the Keeley Schenwar Memorial Prize
      • Restricted freedom Opposition politician Lyubov Sobol handed parole-like sentence in the ‘Sanitary Case’

        After months spent under house arrest and restrictive pre-trial measures, Russian opposition politician Lyubov Sobol was given a 1.5-year parole-like sentence on August 3, as part of the so-called “Sanitary Case.” State investigators launched the criminal case against Sobol and nine other well-known activists and politicians back in January, in connection with a demonstration in support of jailed opposition leader Alexey Navalny. According to the investigation, the defendants in the case called on Navalny’s supporters to attend the rally and thereby incited violations of public health regulations amid the coronavirus pandemic. Sobol’s lawyer says his client — who is already on probation in connection with a felony trespassing case — plans to challenge the verdict.

      • Justice Ministry takes St. Petersburg bar association to court over its refusal to expel prominent lawyer Ivan Pavlov

        The St. Petersburg branch of the Russian Justice Ministry is taking the city’s bar chamber to court over its refusal to take disciplinary action against prominent human rights lawyer Ivan Pavlov.

      • The Fiction of Meaningful Work

        An illusion has been abandoned before Kikuko Tsumura’s There’s No Such Thing as an Easy Job begins. Work, once central and all-consuming for Tsumura’s unnamed narrator, a 36-year-old woman in Japan, has grown stale—something she wishes to minimize, since, sadly, toil cannot be avoided. The narrator reveals only scant details at first as to how she came to this shift. She quit her last job because of burnout, moved in with her parents, and has resolved to find the least exciting, least emotionally taxing job possible.

      • Oklahoma Deputies Steal $141,500 From Men Trying To Buy Land, Manage To Make $10,000 Of It Disappear

        Some regular, everyday highway robbery committed by an Oklahoma law enforcement agency is getting some airtime and additional scrutiny, which certainly isn’t going to be beneficial to the Canadian County Sheriff’s Office. (via Reason)

      • End of Moratorium Could Fuel Wave of “Invisible Evictions,” Organizers Warn
      • I Was Thrown in Solitary at 14. My Jailers Added a Day Each Time I Fought Back.
      • A New Suit Seeks to Turn Arbitrations, a Tool of Big Corporations, Against a Top Customer Service Provider

        Arise Virtual Solutions violates the rights of customer service agents around the country, a lawsuit filed last week in federal court asserts. The company, the suit claims, gets away with “flagrant legal violations” by keeping “its workers in the dark about their rights.”

        The suit is attempting to turn one of Arise’s biggest legal advantages — that its workers agree to individual arbitration, which prevents them from taking coordinated legal action — against the company. Shannon Liss-Riordan, the plaintiffs’ lawyer bringing the suit, has asked the court to order Arise to provide her the names and contact information of the company’s customer service agents. (Its CEO said last year that Arise has about 70,000 agents.) That could allow Liss-Riordan, who has tangled with Arise for years in court and private arbitration, to notify those workers of their potential legal claims. If she signs up enough agents as clients, she could unleash a wave of arbitration filings against Arise in what could become a war of attrition.

      • Amazon Pressured Alabama Workers to Vote Against Unionization, Labor Board Finds
      • With Amazon Accused of Cheating, NLRB Official Says Workers Should Get Another Union Vote

        An official at the National Labor Relations Board on Monday formally recommended tossing out the results of a closely watched union election at Amazon’s warehouse in Bessemer, Alabama, potentially giving workers there a chance to hold another vote as the e-commerce giant faces accusations of unlawful misconduct.

        “We support the hearing officer’s recommendation that the NLRB set aside the election results and direct a new election.”—Stuart Appelbaum, RWDSU

      • A Prison Guard Raped Me and Threatened My Life. Now I Fight for Others’ Lives.
      • Turkey: Arbitrary Arrests, Kidnappings, Torture in Prison

        A human rights advocate group called “The Hunger Strikes Monitoring and Follow-up Coordination” — which includes organizations such as Diyarbakır Medical Chamber, the Human Rights Foundation of Turkey, Human Rights Association, Lawyers Association for Freedom, Association for Solidarity with and Aid for the Families of Prisoners and the Union of Health and Social Services Workers — visited prisons in Diyarbakır, Elazığ, Urfa, Bayburt, Erzincan, Malatya and Maraş and reported on the violations of rights in April, May and June 2021.

        According to the report, political prisoners are often subject to torture, assaults, insults, threats, and other forms of ill-treatment in those prisons. Some of the abuses include: [...]

      • Saudi Arabia launched ‘relentless crackdown’ after G20, Amnesty says

        Amnesty International accused Saudi Arabia on Tuesday of launching a “relentless crackdown” on dissidents in the kingdom after the end of its G20 presidency.

        Riyadh led the global forum for the world’s wealthiest countries for all of last year and pushed through some changes, claiming to have scrapped the death sentence for minors and banning public floggings.

        But a new report by the London-based human rights organization said authorities “have brazenly intensified the persecution of human rights defenders and dissidents and stepped up executions over the past six months.”

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • Canadian Government Continues Its War On Internet Freedom With New ‘Online Harms’ Legislation

        A few months ago, we wrote about the Canadian government’s attempt to give its broadcast regulators sweeping new powers to regulate social media via Bill C-10 — a massive piece of legislation that seemed to only get worse over time thanks to unclear, ever-shifting provisions and a rushed, secretive amendment process before being passed by the House of Commons in the middle of the night. That bill is now in limbo in the Senate, and Canadians are waiting to see if it will come back in the September session or be preempted by an early federal election. Unfortunately, the stalling-out of Bill C-10 hasn’t put a stop to the ruling Liberal government’s efforts to create unprecedented new powers of internet regulation, and now their ongoing campaign is continuing with a technical paper outlining plans for more new legislation to address “harmful online content”.

      • Telecom Lobbyists Easily Weakened Language In ‘Bipartisan’ Broadband Infrastructure Bill

        So we’ve already noted how the broadband component of the “bipartisan compromise” infrastructure bill was still helpful, but much weaker than many wanted it to be (pretty much the common theme across the infrastructure package). While there are some useful grant funds for underserved “middle mile” and other networks — as well as the continuation of a helpful but flawed COVID broadband discount program — the proposal itself doesn’t really do much of anything about the core reason US broadband is so expensive: namely, regional telecom monopolization or the corruption that protects it.

    • Digital Restrictions (DRM)

      • Spotify Tests Ad-Supported Subscription Tier for $0.99 a Month

        Called Spotify Plus, the subscription tier is a fraction of the price of Spotify Premium, the $9.99/month ad-free offering. It is currently being tested with a “limited number of users,” according to the spokesperson, at a variety of price points — including $0.99 a month.

      • Spotify is testing a less restrictive ad-supported tier costing $0.99 a month

        Spotify’s free tier has existed in its current form since 2018. It doesn’t let users skip more than six tracks per hour, and only lets them pick and listen to specific tracks from 15 select playlists, ranging from editorial-selected playlists to algorithmically generated collections like “Discover Weekly” and “Daily Mix.” Outside of these playlists, free users can only listen to shuffled tracks. The new Spotify Plus tier is a relatively cheap way to reduce some of those restrictions.

      • Home Depot plans to foil shoplifters with power tools that won’t work if they’re stolen

        The home-improvement chain is unveiling power tools that won’t work unless they’re properly scanned and activated at the register via Bluetooth technology. If a thief managed to smuggle a power drill out of the store without paying, the drill simply wouldn’t turn on.

      • Sell This Book!

        The very role and meaning of libraries relies on their right to own books, because books that can expire are books that can disappear permanently—books that can be taken away. There is a cultural, a political, even a civilizational danger in this vulnerability that can’t be overestimated.

        “Sourcing is the glue that holds humanity’s knowledge together,” as Jonathan Zittrain wrote last year in The Atlantic in an article about the Internet’s weaknesses as a cultural archive. When a link disappears, when an online publisher goes out of business, readers, researchers, and scholars will hit a dead end—unless digital libraries are given the same power to archive that traditional libraries have had for centuries. Digital media is recklessly burning its own record to ash behind it, so we need institutions and systems to affirmatively protect and preserve 21st-century knowledge.

    • Monopolies

      • European Commission investigates Facebook Kustomer deal on competition grounds

        The European Commission has launched an investigation into Facebook Inc.’s acquisition of customer service firm Kustomer Inc. on the grounds that the purchase may hurt competition.

        Facebook purchased Kustomer in December for a figure believed to be just over $1 billion. Kustomer, founded in 2015, offers a software-as-service customer relationship management platform that is pitched as centralizing the entire workflow.

      • Patents

        • Results of user consultation on EPO Guidelines [Ed: Consultation with litigation firms, not the European public. The EPO is compromised and is run by crooks who undermine Europe and break the law for personal gain.]

          The EPO has published a summary of the responses to its recent online user consultation on the EPC and PCT-EPO Guidelines 2021. The consultation, the second of its kind and part of the EPO’s annual Guidelines revision cycle, attracted almost 200 responses, many of them focussing on biotechnology issues and the EPO’s practice regarding the adaptation of patent application descriptions.

        • Pfizer and Moderna Hike EU Vaccine Prices as Rich Countries Oppose Patent Waiver
      • Copyrights

        • Copyright Vindication: Supreme Court Confirms Access Copyright Tariff Not Mandatory, Lower Court Fair Dealing Analysis Was “Tainted”

          Access Copyright has spent much of the past decade arguing that the 2012 reforms undermined payments for educational copying, but the reality is that those reforms had little to do with the flawed fair dealing analysis from the federal court and nothing to do with the status of their tariff. The collective will undoubtedly accelerate its lobbying campaign for copyright reforms designed severely limit fair dealing for education, but after two decades of litigation that has consistently affirmed the education community’s analysis of the law, perhaps it is time for Access Copyright to compete within the system, not waste millions of creator dollars on lobbying and failed litigation.

        • Open Minds Podcast: Albert Wenger of Union Square Ventures

          Our guest on this episode is Albert Wenger, managing partner at Union Square Ventures, a thesis-driven venture capital firm based in New York City. USV has invested in over 100 companies that use the power of the internet to re-shape markets, including Twitter, Etsy, Stripe, Tumblr, Meetup, and Kickstarter, among others. Earlier this year, USV announced a new $162 million Climate Fund focused on investing in “companies and projects that provide mitigation for or adaptation to the climate crisis.” In this episode, we delve into the topic of Climate Change, from what the average person can start doing today to the importance of openness and cross-sectoral collaboration and partnership to find effective solutions.

        • US Lawmakers Suggest That Piracy is Part of Twitter’s Business Model

          A group of bipartisan U.S. House Representatives has sent a letter to Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey, urging the company to take copyright infringement seriously. While Twitter seemingly complies with the law, the lawmakers say that the company’s actions suggest that piracy is part of Twitter’s business model.

        • Y2Mate: Massive YouTube-Ripping Service Blocks US & UK Visitors

          With an estimated 128 million visitors per month, Y2Mate is probably the world’s largest YouTube-to-MP3 ripping site. Intriguingly, the platform is currently showing a shutdown message to millions of users, noting that the service has completely shut down. That is not the case.

Destroying Freenode Was Not the Objective, But That’s Just What Happened

Posted in Site News at 10:35 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Killing Freenode: Alright Gentlemen We Need A New Idea to destroy communities: Ruin their IRC network; Ban anonymous access, require registration
Just because enemies of Free software stand to benefit from it doesn’t mean they did it

Summary: Killing Freenode was certainly not what Andrew Lee wanted, but Lee will be remembered as the person whose takeover basically led to the end of Freenode; it’s in disarray

THIS Web site joined Freenode in earlier months of 2008. I still remember that day. Keith and I needed to set up ChanServ and a bunch of other things; many Free software groups were already on Freenode, so it was like a natural choice. I initially used XChat, but in later years I’d experiment and use a variety of other IRC clients. Freenode was like a default choice in some of them. Back then, one could say “Freenode is FOSS” and almost suggest that “Freenode is IRC”.

“The way things are going, our plan of having two networks in tandem has been undermined by the SSO requirement.”But sadly that’s no longer the case. Many communities got scattered to several other networks and some left IRC altogether. The new maladministration of Freenode has managed to harm IRC as a whole, not just Freenode.

Last week (apparently around Wednesday) Freenode decided to put an end to anonymous access, which means it’s unfit for purpose; they also reject registration with ‘throwaway’ E-mail accounts, so basically it’s like a phishing expedition exploiting the old reputation of Freenode to make a catalogue of people. And considering the top-level ownership of current Freenode (notorious Kape and some ‘casino’ entity on top of it) it would be reckless to supply them with any such data. We cannot recommend that people follow through and feed their SSO. We cannot advise EPO whistleblowers to use today’s Freenode under any circumstances. We heard from a PIA client (Ryan from our IRC channel) that even PIA now routes traffic through some dodgy entity, possibly a honeypot, at least for American clients.

KapeThankfully, by now we’ve come to the point where over 95% of communications happen in our self-hosted network and not any other network (there is a #techrights channel in several other networks but hardly any activity).

The way things are going, our plan of having two networks in tandem has been undermined by the SSO requirement. There’s no parity among the networks, albeit a bridge remains in place.

We’re not sure what to advise people who still use our channel (#techrights) at Freenode; but we certainly don’t advise giving them any personal information at this stage.

This rapid destruction of Freenode has certainly benefited several companies which loathe Free software communities, but we dare not conclude this was planned or intended. It’s just very unfortunate and we need to find ways to move on. Self-hosting has once again proven its advantage; people should be in control of their communities and projects rather than outsource to companies like Microsoft (GitHub), which will inevitably do something similar to what Freenode did in 2021. Those are ticking time bombs because they don’t truly care about communities. They’re just “numbers” or some “commodities” to them.

GNU/Linux Users, Developers and Advocates Being Painted as Unruly and Rude by Corporate Media Looking to Undermine Software Freedom

Posted in Deception, Free/Libre Software, GNU/Linux, Microsoft at 6:05 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Video download link | md5sum d9454d6683def04335771df0b30595a9

Summary: Corporate media, funded by companies that nonchalantly oppress people, would have us believe there’s something wrong with people who reject corporate masters in their computing; reality, however, suggests that it is a wholly false narrative induced or cemented by endless repetition, so this framing ought to be rejected outright

THE potential power of projection tactics is often underestimated at peril or risk to ourselves; yesterday we showed how scammers claim to be the victims of "scammers", and in the context of GNU/Linux we habitually see accusations against its users (or developers) that shamelessly distract from the accusers’ own behaviour. To give just one example, which is probably recent enough to remember, IBM claims to be saving lives when IBM is in fact partly responsible for history’s worst genocides and racism against blacks. Where does IBM summon this audacity to accuse anybody of racism???

Why are Free software activists so rude? That's Just Something Abusive Coprporations SayIn the previous post (“The Free Software Community Needs Solidarity and Stronger Resistance Against Corporate Oligopolies With Their Overlapping Interests”), which is discussed in the video above, we show the extent/lengths to which this sort of spin can go; they have money and they dominate the media (using the media’s thirst for cash), so they get to control some ‘coin-operated’ liars in ‘journalist’ clothing. They shame grassroots communities while hailing racist corporations. When they’re confronted over their lies they proceed to claim to have been “trolled” by some “rude” people. Who provoked who?

“Their goal is to scuttle anything that’s not serving their sponsors.”This is a very common strategy of narrative inversion; the abuser, which is well rewarded financially for the abuse, claims to be the victim of “abuse”; we oughtn’t fall for it. Because if we do, then they will split us apart and spit into our well. Their goal is to scuttle anything that’s not serving their sponsors.

We could go on and name some of the culprits (publishers, authors, etc.) but keeping the description generic enough is probably beneficial as it averts unneeded controversy and sidesteps accusations of ad hominem attacks (which is actually what those culprits themselves are doing). Spotting the projection tactics is always worthwhile because it makes responses/rebuttals a lot easier. In due course, if liars walk away because they’re rebutted effectively, they may refrain from doing more of the same, as guilt and shame tend to accompany dishonesty.

I’ve been doing advocacy for Free software since my early twenties and I’ve seen plenty of these liars (or corporate spinners) walking away, vanishing abruptly or gradually. We hardly hear the name “Enderle” anymore and publication volume in sites like ZDNet is decreasing. The thing about chronic lying is, overdoing it diminishes the impact and over time the incentive to do that just isn’t there anymore.

Our hope is that the likes of IBM will quit trolling the community and defaming people; we see what proxies (if not employees then media that they pay) engage in defamation, and the financial harm caused by retaliation from communities may beget cessation. In Microsoft’s case, they’ve become more clever in the way they attack or belittle GNU/Linux because they’ve come to realise that FUD is detrimental to sales (many of their customers also use GNU/Linux). Vigilance certainly goes a long way and pointing out errors discourages repetition of these errors (or intentional lies).

One way to help the Free software cause is to respond and correct; if claims are being made of all sorts of “isms”, then we need to examine the underlying evidence and if there’s insufficient evidence we can talk about it. A lot of the time we may find hypocrisy and double standards from the accusers (projection) and talking about it publicly can certainly discourage repetition. It really does work!

Remember that 15 years ago we focused on responding to lies told by Microsoft and Novell. Over time they shifted the targets, moved the goalposts, and changed their story. At the end Novell simply collapsed and Microsoft’s dream of universal “Linux tax” didn’t work out. It only temporarily worked to a certain extent and now they’re incapable of suing companies over patents in relation to “Linux” because it would cause a massive backlash and customer exodus. Microsoft still hates Linux, but it cannot say so publicly. Microsoft still fights against the GPL (see Copilot), but it is paying the SFC to infiltrate events about copyleft and hijack keynote slots. There is an extensive campaign of deception and we should be too wise to fall for it. The better we prepare to confront the deception, the less likely this deception is to recur. At some point it goes away completely. Then we win… the argument.

The Free Software Community Needs Solidarity and Stronger Resistance Against Corporate Oligopolies With Their Overlapping Interests

Posted in Free/Libre Software, GNU/Linux, IBM, Kernel, Microsoft at 1:50 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Don’t be fooled by the cabal of large and usually monopolistic corporations, which generally pursue back doors and government/military contracts, especially when they rear their ugly heads through their abusive operatives (social engineering with pseudo-ethical arguments)

Krusty Krab Vs Chum Bucket: GNU/Linux Freedom
“Userbase” or “useds” is not what we’re meant to be; Corporate overlords want us all to be their "slaves"

Summary: Linus Torvalds and Richard Stallman (RMS) do not have to be idolised (“cult of personalities”) but they definitely need to be defended from a longstanding and ongoing corporate coup, which the corporations seek to justify using nicer-sounding terms like “security” (that’s how they justify added complexity such as Rust) or “safe space” (they’re collectively insulting the community as if only employees of monopolies can help combat bigotry)

Richard Stallman (RMS) has not publicly spoken since May (in his latest appearance he asked people so sign a petition in support of him being reinstated inside the FSF’s Board) and there has been no update for weeks in the pro-RMS petition. No new signatures added or at least none displayed. Is that stalled? Is the maintainer of this petition now doing that addition in larger batches (that seems to have been true before), more so after the 6,800th signature was registered and displayed? Some readers might say, “who cares!” or “why does that even matter?”

“It has now been over 40 days since an IBM employee changed the anti-RMS hate letter (removing a signature), but the defamation is still fully in tact inside of that letter.”It does not matter all that much, it might even be largely symbolic, but a similar situation happens in Linux, the kernel, where Torvalds nowadays more willingly accepts Microsoft patches that he previously blasted for their poor quality (bad coding standards, and not for the first time either; Greg K-H publicly complained about that in the distant past).

It has now been over 40 days since an IBM employee changed the anti-RMS/hate letter (removing a signature), but the defamation is still fully in tact inside of that letter. It continues to do harm by spreading false accusations. They just change the names at the bottom of of the letter. Bully de Blanc, who played a key role in it, has since been rendered unemployed. That was around the time of the last edit (21 June 2021).

“Large corporations want them out of the way because leadership vacuums give way for more corporate domination over otherwise-grassroots projects/movements.”It is very important that we defend the likes of Torvalds and Stallman, even if we do not like them or agree with them much of the time. Because they’re being targeted (they still are! It’s thinly-veiled). Large corporations want them out of the way because leadership vacuums give way for more corporate domination over otherwise-grassroots projects/movements. They want shareholders rather than a moral compass in charge. Similarly, EPO staff has been in urgent of defending the union and staff representatives, even when (or if) some of their actions were harder to support. We know what the lesser evil is; we know what the greater evil is, as we noted in passing yesterday. Interests intersect; not ours.

Now Available: SQL Server 2019 on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 in AWS Marketplace
Yesterday: Red Hat (IBM) happy for people to ‘buy’ Microsoft’s proprietary software (which does not even truly run on GNU/Linux) while it’s actively attacking/undercutting the FSF

Links 4/8/2021: More IBM Downtimes and Firefox Losing Many Users

Posted in News Roundup at 12:50 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • Win a $10,000 Thelio Major Workstation!

        The computer and operating system are the most powerful tools in existence. The Launch into Learning season encourages STEM and creative professionals like you to hone their craft, learn a new skill, or make something they’re proud to share.

        This year, we’re empowering one lucky user with a $10,000 Thelio Major workstation. The complete package includes a Launch keyboard, an MX Master 3 wireless mouse, a 27” 1440p IPS display, and a decked-out Thelio Major.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • 5 hidden details about the Steam Deck.

        From the virtual keyboard to the subtle hints of a new first-party title from Valve, here are 5 things you might have missed about the Steam Deck.

      • Manjaro Cutefish Pre-Release

        Today we are looking at a pre-release of Manjaro Cutefish. It comes with Linux Kernel 5.13, based on Arch, and uses about 800MB to 1G of ram when idling. Enjoy!

      • Manjaro Cutefish Pre-Release Run Through

        In this video, we are looking at Manjaro Cutefish Pre-Release.

      • Forking Software Isn’t Always A Solution

        Forking an application is one of the amazing benefits of using FOSS and while a lot of applications can certainly be managed there’s a lot of other applications which while you can fork it actually maintaining that fork is completely unreasonable.

      • Run Every Distro At Once | LINUX Unplugged 417

        Yabba Dabba Distro! Run every major distribution on one native host. How we hijacked a Fedora install and turned it into the ultimate meta Linux box.

        Plus Valve and AMD team up to improve Linux performance and the duct-tape solution holding our server together.

    • Applications

      • Top 5 Software Tools for Linux with Data Encryption

        Data encryption is a must-have feature in today’s world of cybersecurity. It allows you to encode your data making it unintelligible to someone who doesn’t have the authorized access. To be more secure online, it might be a good idea to opt for software that comes with this useful feature by default.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to automount volumes for Docker containers

        There are so many reasons you want to use volumes for your container deployments. The primary reason is to ensure persistent storage. Say, for example, you’re deploying a WordPress instance via a Docker container. Not only do you want to give that container enough storage space to house all of the data it will require (especially as it scales), you want to make sure that data remains in play, even after the container is stopped or restarted. For that, you would use volumes.

      • How to install Adrift on a Chromebook

        Today we are looking at how to install Adrift on a Chromebook. Please follow the video/audio guide as a tutorial where we explain the process step by step and use the commands below.

      • How to Install and Use Telnet on Ubuntu 20.04 – LinuxCapable

        Telnet is a protocol that allows you to connect to remote computers (called hosts) over a TCP/IP network using a client-server protocol to establish a connection to Transmission Control Protocol port number 23

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install Telnet on Ubuntu 20.04 and 21.04.

      • How to Install phpMyAdmin on Rocky Linux 8

        phpMyAdmin is a web app for administering MySQL or MariaDB. With phpMyadmin, you can perform various database management tasks, and execute SQL queries from a graphical interface via a web browser. It is free, open-source, and written in the PHP language.

      • Junichi Uekawa: Wrote a tool to parse /sys/block/*/stat.

        Wrote a tool to parse /sys/block/*/stat. It’s probably impossible for a human brain to appreciate the numbers so I made a web page that you can paste the contents and parse it from JS to emit some processed numbers. Probably iostat is the tool you want, but hey, sometimes you need this kind of stuff.

      • All zip and unzip File Operations on Linux – Linux Hint

        This tutorial explains all zip and unzip operations under Linux with practical examples and easy function descriptions.

      • How to find all failed ssh login attempts in Ubuntu – Linux Hint

        One of the normal tasks of administrators is to keep track of successful and failed login attempts to ensure that the environment is free of unwanted and illegal intrusions. Administrators can also look through the logs to see if there have been any security problems on the servers. A log file is created whenever someone tries to log in to a server using SSH. You may see the requested login date, timestamp, user account, and IP address. SSH was created as a protocol for creating connections between two systems that rely on a client/server architecture, allowing administrators and users to access the server or computer remotely.

        This protocol is most commonly used by the system and network administrators and anyone who wants to administer a computer remotely. One of the most prominent benefits is that it is in charge of encrypting the link session to improve security by prohibiting attackers from reading unencrypted passwords. The rsyslog daemon in Linux keeps track of every attempt to login to an SSH server and records it in a log file. Combining, showing, and filtering log files is the most basic approach for listing all failed SSH login attempts on Ubuntu. In this article, we will find all failed ssh login attempts in Ubuntu 20.04 Linux system.

      • How to install a specific Python version on Ubuntu – Linux Hint

        It is often the case that we install a program on our system, and it turns out that it’s the wrong version. This can lead to compatibility and performance issues since it may not communicate with third-party modules properly. Similar is the case with Python, and as vigilant programmers, we must figure out the correct version that we need. Therefore, in this guide, we will show you how to install a specific version of Python on your Ubuntu system.

    • Games

      • Linux Now Has a 1% OS Market Share As Demand for Steam Deck Increases

        The latest Steam Hardware Survey now has the open-source OS gaining a 1% market share in a market dominated by Windows and MacOS. According to PCGamer, this is the first time Linux has earned a market share number of about 1% in years.

        Many experts believe this is due to the upcoming release of the Steam Deck handheld console from Valve. The system is running SteamOS, which is based on Linux. According to some industry insiders, the growing popularity of the Steam Deck might be causing an uptick in Linux users, considering it’s free software.

        This climb in Linux usage comes after a slight drop that stemmed from the temporary release of Proton. According to Tom’s Hardware, it was designed to enable Linux users to play Windows games but can’t due to compatibility issues. During that time, the open-source software’s market share was as high as 2%, but eventually fell back down to around 0.8 to 0.9%, where it remained until now.

    • Distributions

      • New Releases

        • Nitrux 1.5.1 is Here and Comes with A Whole Host of Updates and Fixes

          Nitrux have just released a new update to their 1.5 series of distributions bringing us up to version 1.5.1. Here is what’s new.

          Nitrux is a free and open-source Debian-based distribution with a focus on beauty, user efficiency, and portable universal app formats. It is more-or-less a desktop Linux distribution pre-configured with decent defaults and a bunch of cool custom applications. Nitrux is based on Debian unstable branch and uses the Calamares installer.

          One of the really interesting things that kind of differentiates Nitrux from the hundreds of other Debian-based distributions out there is that Nitrux actually ships with AppImage and Snaps by default. Many of the programs on the system out of the box are actually AppImages rather than native packages installed through the APT package manager.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Security breaches where working from home is involved are costlier, claims IBM report

          Firms looking to save money by shifting to more flexible ways of working will need to think carefully about IT security and the additional cost of breaches linked to staff working from home.

          That’s according to the latest annual “Cost of a Data Breach Report” conducted by Ponemon Institute along with IBM Security, which found that the average total cost of a remote-working data breach was more than $1m higher than cyberattacks where remote working wasn’t a factor.

        • IBM Cloud took the evening off – 23 services were hard to provision for eight hours

          IBM cloud has experienced a significant Severity One outage – the rating Big Blue uses to denote the most serious incidents that make resources in its cloud unavailable to customers.

          The impact was indeed severe: IBM stated that users might not be able to access its catalogue of cloudy services or provision affected services.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Web Browsers

        • Mozilla

          • Firefox Lost Almost 50 million Users: Here’s Why It is Concerning

            Mozilla’s Firefox is the only popular alternative to Chromium-based browsers.

            It has been the default choice for Linux users and privacy-conscious users across every platform.

            However, even with all benefits as one of the best web browsers around, it is losing its grip for the past few years.

            To be honest, we do not even need a stat to say that, many of us have switched over to Chromium-based browsers or Chromium itself instead of Firefox or Google Chrome.

      • FSF

        • Machine learning: Free Software Foundation targets GitHub Copilot

          The Free Software Foundation (FSF) has launched a call for white papers on GitHub Copilot. The papers submitted are intended to analyze the effects of the machine learning assistant on the free software community, which is associated with numerous questions. The appeal blog post promises that the organization will read all submitted white papers and pay a reward for every $ 500 published.

          At the same time, the article makes it clear that, from the point of view of the FSF, Copilot is “unacceptable and unjust”, since the use with Microsoft products Visual Studio or Visual Studio Code requires software that, in their view, is not free / libre software. At this point it should be mentioned that the source code editor Visual Studio Code is free and essentially open source, but far from free software in the understanding of the FSF.

      • Programming/Development

        • C++ Vector Iterators – Linux Hint

          The main iterators in C++ are Input Iterator, Output Iterator, Forward Iterator, Bidirectional Iterator, and Random Access Iterator. Reverse Iterator is not really an iterator; it is an iterator adaptor. There are some variants to iterators, like a constant iterator.

          An iterator is an elaborated pointer. Like a pointer, it points to objects of the same type in memory at different times. All iterators are dereferenceable, except for the output iterator that is dereferenceable only for a set of types. Dereferenceable means the value pointed to by the pointer or iterator can be obtained using the indirection operator, *. An integer can be added to some iterators in the same way, and for the same purpose, the integer would be added to a pointer.

          The questions for this article are: What are these iterators? Which of these iterators are used with the C++ vector? How are these iterators used with the C++ vector? This article answers all these questions in a simplified way. At the end of this article, when all these questions would have been answered, C++ vector iterators will be intuitive and natural (for the reader).

  • Leftovers

    • Science

      • Computer security personnel need tools, training to assist survivors of intimate partner violence

        Survivors of intimate partner violence who experience tech abuse often reach out to computer security companies for help. But the customer support personnel at these companies are not sufficiently prepared to handle such cases, research from the University of Michigan School of Information finds.

      • New Portal Aids Discoveries To Reverse Hearing Loss

        The tool enables easy access to genetic and other molecular data from hundreds of technical research studies involving hearing function and the ear. The research portal called gene Expression Analysis Resource (gEAR) was unveiled in a study last month in Nature Methods. It is operated by a group of physician-scientists at the UMSOM Institute for Genome Sciences (IGS) in collaboration with their colleagues at other institutions.

        The portal allows researchers to rapidly access data and provides easily interpreted visualizations of datasets. Scientists can also input their own data and compare it to other datasets to help determine the significance of their new finding.

    • Health/Nutrition

      • One in four border officials in isolation as Covid brings chaos to Heathrow

        As airports prepare for a surge in arrivals due to travel restrictions easing, “more than one in four border staff” were off work over the weekend at the UK’s busiest airport due to coronavirus regulations, The Times reports.

        Of the 300 Border Force officials working at the airport, 80 were absent with Covid, while dozens more were forced into self-isolation because they had been in close contact with their colleagues.

        The delays were exacerbated when a new security database caused hold-ups at automated gates, with the Daily Mail reporting that the Home Office’s £372m new security computer system was “crashing repeatedly” throughout the weekend.

        The software failure meant all passengers were rejected by the E-gates in Heathrow’s arrivals halls and had to be checked manually by immigration officers. Passengers reported long queues and complained that a lack of social distancing risked spreading the virus to thousands of arrivals.

      • Nature Can Boost Health of People in Cities

        The research shows how access to nature in cities increases physical activity, and therefore, overall health.

        Lack of physical activity in the US results in $117 billion a year in related health care costs and leads to 3.2 million deaths globally every year. It may seem like an intuitive connection, but the new research closes an important gap in understanding how building nature into cities can support overall human well-being.

      • Procter & Gamble hires away Nestlé’s top lobbyist
    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • U.S. medical entities fall prey to Pysa threat actors, but many haven’t disclosed it – at least, not yet.
        • Damage control: Microsoft deletes all comments under heavily criticized Windows 11 upgrade video
        • Security

          • UK’s Ministry of Defence coughs up bug bounties for crowdsourced pentesting • The Register

            The Ministry of Defence has paid out the first bug bounties to ethical computer hackers who probed web-accessible systems for vulnerabilities, according to a cheery missive from HackerOne.

            A month-long “hacker security test” culminated in a couple of dozen folk being handed unspecified rewards – and marking the first public confirmation of HackerOne’s UK government partnership.

          • Google revamps bug bounty program • The Register

            Google has revealed that its bug bounty program – which it styles a “Vulnerability Reward Program” – has paid out for 11,055 bugs found in its services since 2010.

            11,055 bugs seems like a lot, but it’s not out of step with other vendors. Microsoft’s monthly Patch Tuesday packages regularly fix over 100 flaws, while Oracle’s quarterly patch collections often contain well more than 300 pieces of corrective code. Across 11 years, the two abovementioned vendors would also produce over 11,000 bugs.

          • Linux Kernel Security Done Right (Google Security Blog)

            Over on the Google Security Blog, Kees Cook describes his vision for approaches to assuring kernel security in a more collaborative way. He sees a number of areas where companies could work together to make it easier for everyone to use recent kernels rather than redundantly backporting fixes to older kernel versions. It will take more engineers working on things like testing and its infrastructure, security

          • Linux Kernel Security Done Right

            As we approach its 30th Anniversary, Linux still remains the largest collaborative development project in the history of computing. The huge community surrounding Linux allows it to do amazing things and run smoothly. What’s still missing, though, is sufficient focus to make sure that Linux fails well too. There’s a strong link between code robustness and security: making it harder for any bugs to manifest makes it harder for security flaws to manifest. But that’s not the end of the story. When flaws do manifest, it’s important to handle them effectively.

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • Ever wondered how much data web giants generate? Singaporean super-app Grab says 40TB a day • The Register

              Singapore-based mega-app Grab has revealed that it generates 40TB of data a day. All that data is clearly valuable: Grab has also announced record profits.

              The Southeast Asian company, which bought out Uber in Singapore and since expanded into e-commerce, payments, and financial services, did not disclose what it does with the data, nor how it is protected. But it did disclose [PDF] that it has 23.8 million monthly transacting customers, who collectively generated a record US$507 million adjusted net sales in its first quarter, boasting that the company saw a 39 per cent increase in adjusted net sales despite a COVID-related hit to its mobility services.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • Upcoming USPTO Director? [Ed: Patent extremists bankrolled by the litigation industry drooling over prospects for another mole like Iancu and Kappos in charge of the USPTO]

          A new president makes a lot of appointments. Although the Patent Office Director is an important position, it is still a fair way down the list in terms of urgency. One reason–that most PTO management decisions are not highly political (especially in the R vs D sense). Unlike for some agencies, President Biden has not vowed to reverse course on any particular USPTO policy. We also have a long tradition of career PTO employees stepping-up and capably leading the agency as Drew Hirshfeld is doing now. But, it is time for a nomination, and I expect that we’ll see one within the next month or so.

08.03.21

Links 3/8/2021: DeaDBeeF 1.8.8, CrossOver 21, AMD and Valve Hook Up for GNU/Linux Work

Posted in News Roundup at 4:22 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • Android and Linux apps can be moved between Virtual Desks in Chrome OS 92

        Ever since Chrome OS launched its Virtual Desks feature, you’ve only been able to shift chrome tabs and web apps around between them. For anyone utilizing Crostini for Linux applications or the Google Play Store for Android apps, the very experience of using desks has likely felt incomplete.

        Neither of these could previously be moved between spaces, and have remained on the primary desk as a result. This has caused clutter and frustration, even if just a little. Google’s development team is now addressing this – as of Chrome OS 92, which is rolling out now, users will finally be able to move Linux and Android apps between virtual desks at will!

    • Server

      • Most Reliable Hosting Company Sites in July 2021 [Ed: This is the first time I see GNU/Linux in all the top spots (there's usually at least one BSD in there)]

        In July 2021, dinahosting had the most reliable hosting company site: it responded to all of Netcraft’s requests, with an average connection time of 75ms. dinahosting has appeared in the top 10 table five times in 2021 so far and offers its services from Interxion and Global Switch in Madrid. Customers can choose from a range of cloud and managed solutions as well as register domain names.

        Bigstep, Webair and ServerStack appear in second, third and fourth places respectively. These sites responded to the same number of requests and were separated by average connection time. Bigstep’s bare metal cloud hosting provides the flexibility of cloud hosting without the associated overhead and performance reductions of virtualization. The bare metal offerings are available in data centres in the UK and Romania. Webair offers managed and private cloud services, storage and backup solutions from its eight facilities in New York, Chicago, Los Angeles, Montreal, London, Paris, Amsterdam and Singapore. ServerStack provides managed and dedicated solutions from its three data centres in North America and Amsterdam.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • The Linux Desktop That Windows 11 Wishes It Could Be

        The recent announcement of Windows 11 has a lot of Windows users excited. The previews that Microsoft has released reveal a modern and sleek operating system. But many Linux users can’t help but notice that Windows 11 seems to be heavily inspired by the KDE Plasma desktop.

      • Linux overview | KDE NEON 20210729

        In this video, I am going to show an overview of KDE NEON 20210729 and some of the applications pre-installed.

    • Kernel Space

      • Mainline Linux support for the ARM Primecell PL35X NAND controller

        It has been more than 7 years since the first draft of a Linux kernel driver for the ARM Primecell PL35X NAND controller was posted on a public mailing list. Maybe because of the lack of time, each new version was delayed so much that it actually needed another iteration just to catch up with the latest internal API changes in the MTD subsystem (quite a number of them happened in the last 2-3 years). The NAND controller itself is part of an ARM Primecell Static Memory bus Controller (SMC) which increased the overall complexity. Finally, the way the commands and data are shared with the memory controller is very specific to the SMC. All these technical points probably played against Xilinx engineers, and Bootlin was contracted in 2021 to finalize the work of getting the ARM Primecell PL35X NAND controller driver in the upstream Linux kernel.

      • Graphics Stack

        • Valve and AMD buddy up to improve Steam Deck CPU performance on Linux

          Valve’s Steam Deck handheld could be the start of something beautiful for Linux gamers; proof that the operating system is more than capable of running your favourite games on the go. Yet even before its launch the PC gaming handheld might be paying dividends for Linux gaming, as Valve and AMD join forces to improve CPU performance on the open-source OS.

          Valve’s upcoming handheld gaming PC, the Steam Deck, is built around an AMD APU, which includes both a Zen 2 CPU and RDNA 2 GPU. It’s a Linux-based system, powered by SteamOS 3.0, an operating system switching to use the Arch Linux distribution. That means it will only be able to run Windows games via a compatibility layer, so for that Valve has Steam Play, also known as Proton.

        • AMD Hiring For Open-Source GPU Driver Work With Mentions Of Tesla Model S, Steam Deck

          With AMD’s increasing marketshare on the CPU and GPU front, scoring more data center wins, and also scoring custom design wins for Linux-based environments such as with the Tesla Model S and most recently with the Steam Deck, AMD continues hiring more Linux engineers.

          Several times this year I’ve noted about AMD ramping up their Linux engineering talent and even forming a “new [client] organization” within the company. Especially on the CPU side they’ve been hiring more Linux kernel engineers this year to focus on areas that hadn’t been as much of a focus for them during their down times and not a priority until more recently when scoring big data center deals and other enterprise wins that now allow them to invest more into power management, the kernel scheduler, virtualization, etc.

        • Valve and AMD Join Forces, Developing an Improved Linux CPU Driver

          Valve and AMD are working together to develop a better CPU performance scaling driver for Linux, targeting the Steam Deck gaming console.

          It is reported that AMD is working with Valve, which develops the game sales platform Steam, to improve the CPU driver with the aim of improving performance on Linux. It is expected that this initiative will improve the performance of Valve’s handheld game console Steam Deck announced last month.

          This type of close collaboration with Valve will be required if the Steam Deck is to compete with other devices. The main reason for this development effort is that the current ACPI CPUFreq driver is “not very performance/power efficient for modern AMD platforms.” In other words, the new driver will allow the processor in the Steam Deck to quickly ramp up to a higher performance state when needed and achieve better performance per watt.

        • Radeon ROCm 4.3 Released With HMM Allocations, Many Other Improvements – Phoronix

          AMD has released ROCm 4.3 as the newest version of their Radeon Open eCosystem stack for providing open-source GPU compute and CUDA portability for their supported graphics processors under Linux. ROCm 4.3 is the biggest update we’ve seen for this important enterprise piece to their enterprise GPU compute stack in a while.

    • Applications

      • DeaDBeeF Audio Player 1.8.8 Now Reads WAV RIFF Tags

        DeaDBeeF audio player 1.8.8 was released as the 8th bugfix release for the 1.8 series.

        The new release introduced some new features, including reading WAV RIFF tags, handling of Disc subtitle frames in ID3v2 and APE tags, and handling samplerates higher than 192KHz to pulseaudio.

        New context menu options “Play Next” and “Play Later” are now available to choose your favorite song to play next, or set one-time play order for songs in play list. It will add marks at the beginning that indicates the sequence.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How To Install Ghost on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Ghost on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Ghost is a lightweight, open-source Content Management System (CMS) and blogging platform built with Node.js. It has full support for Markdown and provides an easy-to-use web interface for administration purposes.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of Ghost CMS on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

      • How to Download and Install Discord on Linux

        Introduced in 2015, Discord quickly became gamers’ first choice of communication platform. Although it was originally developed for gamers, the versatile features of the application found their needs in other communities as well.

        Discord runs natively on all major operating systems, including Windows, macOS, and Linux. Since there are several ways of installing software on Linux, not to mention the variety of distributions available to users, it can become really complicated for a beginner to install Discord.

      • Apache Cassandra: Features and Installation

        Apache Cassandra is one of the most popular NoSQL databases. Though there are other versions of NoSQL that are available. But, why Apache Cassandra is popular? let’s have a look. Here we will see the features and installation of Apache Cassandra.

      • How to Secure Containers – A Comprehensive Guide

        Containerization is a word often thrown around when talking about cloud computing and DevOps. Popular services like Docker and Kubernetes have accelerated the use of containers for developing and shipping software. But what is containerization?

        In essence, a containerization is a form of virtualization. The software code is packaged and required dependencies and operating system libraries in an isolated space referred to as a “container.” To put it simply, whatever requirements a piece of code has, are bundled together in the form of a package that can essentially run on any infrastructure without requiring any refactoring.

    • Games

      • Linux takes 1% of Steam market share as interest in Steam Deck rises

        Valve published its monthly Steam Hardware Survey for July, and the biggest surprise came from the Linux gaming crowd. Aside from showing the usual Nvidia and Intel dominance in GPUs and CPUs usage among Steam users, there weren’t many new takeaways from the latest report except Linux gaming rising to 1% in July, a first in years.

        The fact that coincides with the unveiling of the Linux-powered Steam Deck surely can’t be ignored. It seems likely gamers will have started to investigate whether their Steam libraries really will be playable on Valve’s new handheld gaming PC when it launches in December.

        Sweclockers suggests the last time Linux saw a spike remotely this close was a 2% market share jump when Valve announced Proton, a compatibility layer that allows Windows games to run on Linux, back in 2018. As impressive as Proton’s first outing was, it still struggled to deliver as compelling a gaming experience as either native Linux ports, or gaming on a Windows OS. We haven’t found evidence of that 2% spike ourselves, which could mean it tapered off real quick.

        For context, Linux gaming has historically sat below 1%, according to the folks at gamingonlinux who have been tracking market share of the open source OS for a good few years now. They estimate that over 1.2 million active Linux users are currently on Steam, and the trend seems to be moving upward.

      • Relax with the new Lazy Galaxy 2, a mix of an RTS with an idle game

        Lazy Galaxy 2 blends together two rather different genres you don’t often see together. Mixing an idle / clicker game with real-time strategy its pretty interesting.

      • Top 10 New Games To Enjoy With Proton Since July 2021

        We are back with our usual monthly update! Boiling Steam looks at the latest data dumps from ProtonDB to give you a quick list of new games that work (pretty much?) perfectly with Proton since July 2021 – all of them work out of the box or well enough with tweaks…

      • CodeWeavers Releases CrossOver 21 – Rebased On Wine 6.0 – Phoronix

        With CrossOver 21.0 the software has been re-based against Wine 6.0 that in turn provides “thousands of improvements”, including the initial Vulkan back-end work around WineD3D. CrossOver 21.0 also delivers on Xbox and PlayStation controller improvements under macOS, dark mode support on macOS, and various Microsoft Office 2016 and Office 365 fixes for running on Linux. CrossOver 21.0 also provides faster start-up times under Linux and Chrome OS.

    • Distributions

      • Reviews

        • Solus OS Review

          Although Linux distributions like Ubuntu and Mint have made great strides regarding user-friendliness, they’ve sometimes had difficulty convincing the majority of users of other operating systems to drop the way they currently do things and adapt to something new. Solus OS is a new Linux operating system that isn’t based on anything. It’s a fresh take on Linux with a message: less is more. No hassling with settings or choices. Everything is taken care of for you ahead of time.

          [...]

          After more than five years in development, Solus OS has come a long way from its early beginnings and kept to its promise of becoming an operating system for the “everyman.” Adding a plethora of applications to its software repository, it’s become accommodating for even the most veteran of power users, while at the same time retaining the ability to appeal to a less “nerdy” demographic.

          It does what you expect, looks after you, and curates your experience so that you don’t have to fumble around. If you are looking around for a stylish Linux distro, you should also check out Deepin Linux.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • IBM Semeru Runtimes Bring Flexibility To Java Developers, Hybrid Cloud Deployments

          IBM has announced the availability of IBM Semeru Runtimes that enables developers to create and run Java applications in hybrid cloud environments from the cloud to data centers in stable, no-cost environments.

        • Open Practice Library basics: Showcasing and improving

          The Open Practice Library is a repository of open practices and principles used during engagements by Red Hat’s Open Innovation Labs. In the previous post in this series, we discussed how to plan and execute a sprint/iteration. In this post, we will talk about showcasing our work and continuously improving.

        • FlashGrid announces support for RHEL 8 and Oracle Linux 8

          FlashGrid Inc. has announced RHEL 8 and Oracle Linux 8 operating systems support with its newly released FlashGrid Cluster version 21.06.

          Enterprise customers use FlashGrid engineered cloud systems with Linux OS for running mission-critical Oracle databases, including clustered Oracle RAC databases, in AWS, Azure, and GCP clouds. The databases typically stay in production for multiple years with non-stop 365x24x7 operation. Minimizing any disruptive changes that might affect database uptime is important in such environments.

        • Now Available: SQL Server 2019 on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 in AWS Marketplace [Ed: Red Hat says get Microsoft proprietary software]
      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • Ubuntu Blog: UbuntuOnAir update

          It’s been a couple of months since we restarted UbuntuOnAir. We had a few ideas, and lots of aspirations, but we wanted to be realistic and work our way up. You can read about why we brought it back and why we didn’t use the more mainstream channel “Celebrate Ubuntu” elsewhere. Here I talk about some of the things we’ve done, some of the lessons we’ve learnt, and what’s next. If at any point you become curious and want to watch the videos head to ubuntuonair.com and scroll through.

          [...]

          We’ve done other things too, not as much as I’d have liked, but some. We’ve done a ‘gaming’ stream, a tutorial about making tutorials, and a chat with the engineers behind Ubuntu on the Raspberry Pi. They were all one-offs but with the potential to become a series/playlist with return appearances.

          There’s a sizable difference in the engagement figures with these videos though. The Raspberry Pi video did significantly better, both in terms of views and general engagement. We tracked this down to three factors; consistency, relevancy, and marketing.

          The consistency factor is inferred since the other videos we do have are all part of a consistent series and these are not. The relevancy factor is really unavoidable, from my work on Ubuntu on Raspberry previously I know that if you put ‘Raspberry Pi’ in a headline it’s going to do well. And marketing. In the beginning, we promoted the videos more openly. That isn’t to say we don’t still, but we have more things to promote now so it feels like the traffic to the videos is cannibalizing itself. Some food for thought.

    • Devices/Embedded

      • Tiger Lake-H module claims to be first with PCIe Gen4 x16

        Adlink’s rugged, Linux-ready “Express-TL” COM Express Basic Type 6 module features up to octa-core Tiger Lake-H CPUs with up to 128GB DDR4, optional NVMe, quad 4K displays, 2.5GbE and GbE, 4x USB 3.2 Gen2, and PCIe Gen4 x16.

        Adlink announced the second embedded board we have seen based on Intel’s new hexa- and octa-core H-series additions to its dual- and quad-core 11th Gen Tiger Lake processors. The Express-TL follows TQ’s TQMx110EB, which similarly deploys Tiger Lake-H on the 125 x 95mm COM Express Basic Type 6 form factor. TQ may be the first to market — it was previously listed as “coming soon,” but has now changed to “new.” The Express-TL is “preliminary.”

      • Congatec COM-HPC & COM Express Xeon modules target high-end IoT gateways, medical edge applications – CNX Software

        Yesterday, we wrote about ADLink Express-TL COM Express Basic Size Type 6 module powered by the latest Intel Tiger Lake-H Xeon, Core, and Celeron processors designed for high-end industrial & embedded systems.

        But as one would expect more such modules are coming to market, and Congatec announced both COM-HPC and COM Express CPU modules based on Intel Tiger Lake-H processors with target applications include high-end IoT gateways and medical edge applications. Let’s check out both conga-HPC/cTLH COM-HPC Client Size B modules (120mm x 120mm), as well as the conga-TS570 COM Express Basic Type 6 modules (125mm x 95mm).

        [...]

        congatec offers support for Microsoft Windows 10, Windows 10 IoT Enterprise, Linux, the Yocto Project, and RTS Hypervisor.

      • Pico-ITX board and compact system set sail on Elkhart Lake

        Vecow’s “EPCB-1000” Pico-ITX SBC runs Linux or Win 10 on Intel’s dual-core Atom x6211E with up to 32GB DDR4, SATA, DP, 2x GbE, 2x USB 3.1, and 2x M.2 with SIM. The SBC also powers a “PCB-1000” box PC.

        Vecow announced the Pico-ITX form-factor EPCB-1000 board and compact PCB-1000 embedded system along with a larger, more feature rich SPC-6000 system that similarly runs Linux or Win 10 on Intel’s Elkhart Lake processors. We already reported on the SPC-6000 shortly after Vecow announced the system back in Sep. 2020. We don’t see any changes except that the case is colored blue.

      • Raspberry Pi Compute Module 4 Gains Native SATA Support

        Raspberry Pi OS now has SATA support built into the kernel. Before you rush to tear the hard drive from your PC and hook it up to your Pi, there’s a catch: you’ll need a Compute Module 4 instead of the standard 4B or 400 models. And for now you can’t boot from it. YouTuber and Jeff Geerling, who is responsible in part for the addition, has an insightful blog post on the matter, and a video essay embedded below.

      • Open Hardware/Modding

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • The Institute for Computing in Research Announces Portland Cohort

        Exposure to mentors, communities and the varied academic disciplines is a great opportunity for these budding scientists. Bridging the gap between programs like Outreachy (another member project of Conservancy’s, Outreachy, which provides internships to historically underrepresented groups in technology), Google Summer of Code and other open source internship options with the academic programs like Research Experience for Undergraduates, the ICR is filling a vital role in connecting FOSS and the academy. Showing students computing tools used in industry and the workflows and day to day experiences of academics doing research. Typically these kind of positions are unpaid and not everyone has the luxury of working unpaid for a summer. It’s this kind of equitable thinking that makes the ICR standout to us and why we are pleased to work with them.

      • Web Browsers

        • Mozilla

          • Hacks.Mozilla.Org: How MDN’s autocomplete search works [Ed: Mozilla is already being outsourced to Microsoft proprietary software with NSA-connected keyloggers]

            The code for all of this is in the Yari repo which is the project that builds and previews all of the MDN content. To find the exact code, click into the client/src/search.tsx source code and you’ll find all the code for lazy-loading, searching, preloading, and displaying autocomplete searches.

      • CMS

        • 11 Popular Free And Open Source WordPress CMS alternatives in 2021

          So you want to create a website or blog but would rather avoid WordPress? WordPress is very powerful and scalable, it’s also pretty complicated for beginners.

          What is WordPress?

          WordPress is just a software that you use to build your own website or blog and publish it on the Internet it is also called a content management system or CMS.

          because WordPress is an open source software meaning that there is thousands of software engineers out there that are working on it every day to make it better and better.

          There are plenty of good alternatives available in the market. We will show you the three best non-WordPress options that are, most importantly also easy to use!

          [...]

          The main reason why we add Drupal on top of this list is: It has thousands of people and organizations are using Drupal to power an endless variety of websites.

          Drupal is the open-source CMS of choice for some of the world’s leading technology companies, marketers, developers, Agencies. It was written in PHP language and distributed under GPL (“GNU General Public License”).

          With Drupal, you can build community web portals, Discussion sites, corporate websites, intranet applications, personal websites or blogs, Aficionado sites, E-commerce applications, Resource directories, Social Networking sites.

        • The Month in WordPress: July 2021

          WordPress is global in reach and open source in nature. And you would assume that what allows the software to be used by anyone would also enable it to be built by anyone. After all, your location doesn’t matter, and who employs you also doesn’t matter. And your relative social standing certainly shouldn’t matter. As long as you can communicate with the others contributing to the project, there should be no obstacle to your participation.

      • Programming/Development

        • Getting started with wxWidgets on Linux

          Interested in developing a graphical user interface application for Linux, but not sure where to start? As a first step you select a fitting graphical user interface (GUI) library, followed by a programming language to develop your application in. wxWidgets is such a GUI library for C++. It’s also cross-platform and even offers bindings for other programming languages. This article helps you getting started with developing a GUI application using wxWidgets on Linux.

          [...]

          Once you selected the GUI library, your next step is to select the programming language for developing your GUI application. wxWidgets is a C++ library, so C++ is an obvious choice. However, bindings exist for other programming languages, making it possible to use those as well. For example Python, Ruby and Perl.

          The goal of this article is getting you started with wxWidgets on Linux. The focus lies on getting the development environment setup on your Linux system. Then together, we’ll create a Hello World! type GUI application in C++. You can use the resulting application as a starting point for developing your own GUI application. As whip-cream on top, I’ll also show you how you can build your wxWidgets based GUI application with the help of CMake.

        • Beatriz Martins de Carvalho: Mid-point: I got halfway through my internship and what do I do now?

          Finally today the part 4 of my Outreachy Saga came out, the mid-point was on 5/7/21 and as you can see I’m really late, this week had the theme: “Modifying Expectations”.

          But why did it take me so long to post? First, I had to internalize the topic a lot, because in my head I thought that when I reached this point, I would have achieved all the goals I had proposed at the beginning of the internship, but when the mid-point arrived, it seemed to me that I didn’t have done anything and that my internship was going to end, as I didn’t fulfill expectations.

        • Perl/Raku

        • Python

          • Supply Chain Flaws Found in Python Package Repository

            Administrators overseeing the Python Package Index (PyPI) in recent days found themselves responding to vulnerabilities found in the repository of open source software, the latest security problems to hit the Python community.

            Most recently, the PyPI group sent out fixes for three vulnerabilities that were discovered by security researcher RyotaK and published on his blog. Two of the vulnerabilities could be used by bad actors to delete documentation or roles within the software package. The third flaw was found in a GitHub Actions workflow within the PyPI repository that, if exploited, could allow a hacker to write permission against the repository and launch malicious code on pypi.org.

          • How to Create an executable from a Python program

            Applications or scripts developed with the Python language can be converted into executables for the Windows operating system. In this way, they can be usedwithout having to install Python and are thus made available to as many people as possible. It is possible to perform this conversion with different modules created for this purpose. To use one of these modules, you must of course have previously installed Python on your machine.

          • Wanna use your Nvidia GPU for acceleration but put off by CUDA? OpenAI has a Python-based alternative

            If you’ve always wanted to program your Nvidia GPU to accelerate machine learning, image processing, and other workloads, but find Nv’s CUDA too daunting or too much of a faff to learn, you’re in luck.

            OpenAI late last month released Triton, a Python-based environment that tries to help developers write and compile code to run on your Nvidia GPU much more easily without having to grapple with CUDA.

            The San Francisco upstart has been using Triton to optimize their software so that their machine-learning algorithms run more efficiently on specialized hardware. Building state-of-the-art models is costly, developers have to be able to train and tweak their performance quickly, which requires writing custom GPU kernels.

        • Shell/Bash/Zsh/Ksh

          • Visualising data as a PGM image

            An ASCII PGM file (“Portable Gray Map”) is a simple text file that encodes a grayscale image. The image below is “face.pgm” and shows a scanning electron micrograph of the face of a tiny Australian millipede:

          • Linux Essentials – awk

            In this episode of Linux Essentials, we take a look at the awk command. With awk, you can leverage its power for the “manipulation of data files, text retrieval and processing, and for prototyping and experimenting with algorithms”. In this particular video, we’ll cover the basics of awk to get you started.

        • Rust

          • The Rust Programming Language Blog: The push for GATs stabilization

            The biggest reason for this decision is that there’s still a bit of design and implementation work to actually make this usable. And while this is a nice feature, adding this in the future would be a backward-compatible change. We feel that it’s better to get most of GATs stabilized and then come back and try to tackle this later than to block GATs for even longer. Also, GATs without object safety are still very powerful, so we don’t lose much by defering this.

  • Leftovers

    • Hardware

      • Shipping costs from China are going through the roof – CNX Software

        Since the beginning of the year, we’ve had a worldwide chip shortage that increased the price of components, followed by long lead times. My Twitter feed is often filled with complaints of expensive components (e.g. STM32 being 10 times more expensive), and ever-increasing lead times of up to two years.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Pseudo-Open Source

          • Privatisation/Privateering

            • Linux Foundation

              • EdgeXFoundry Rolls Out Second Major Release, Taking Developers to Ireland [Ed: Did Linux Foundation pay for this puff piece? Probably. And more on the way. Linux Foundation as a PR agency.]

                EdgeX Foundry, a project under the LF Edge umbrella organization within the Linux Foundation, has introduced a second major release with advances in API sets, message-based communications, and simplified and more secure interfaces.

              • EdgeX Foundry Releases the Most Modern, Secure, and Production-Ready Open Source IoT Framework

                EdgeX Foundry, a project under the LF Edge umbrella organization within the Linux Foundation, today announced it’s Ireland release. Focused on edge/IoT solutions, EdgeX Foundry’s second major release overhauls API sets, removes technical debt, provides more message-based communications, and simplifies and secures interface for adopters and developers, making the platform significantly easier to use and more reliable.

                “As a leading stage 3 project under LF Edge, the EdgeX Ireland release has expanded use cases across retail, building automation, smart cities, process control, and manufacturing,” said Arpit Joshipura, general manager, Networking, Edge & IoT, at the Linux Foundation. “It’s a key to standardizing IoT frameworks across market verticals.”

        • Security

          • Security updates for Tuesday

            Security updates have been issued by Arch Linux (chromium, nodejs, nodejs-lts-erbium, and nodejs-lts-fermium), Debian (pyxdg, shiro, and vlc), openSUSE (qemu), Oracle (lasso), Red Hat (glibc, lasso, rh-php73-php, rh-varnish6-varnish, and varnish:6), Scientific Linux (lasso), SUSE (dbus-1, lasso, python-Pillow, and qemu), and Ubuntu (exiv2, gnutls28, and qpdf).

          • Qualys Collaborates with Red Hat to Enhance Security for Red Hat Enterprise Linux CoreOS and Red Hat OpenShift

            Teaming with Red Hat, Qualys is offering a unique approach providing a containerized Qualys Cloud Agent that extends security to the operating system. The Cloud Agent for Red Hat Enterprise Linux CoreOS on OpenShift combined with the Qualys solution for Container Security provides continuous discovery of packages and vulnerabilities for the complete Red Hat OpenShift stack. Built on the Qualys Cloud Platform, Qualys’ solution seamlessly integrates with customers’ vulnerability management workflows, reporting and metrics to help reduce risk.

          • Google Calls On Companies To Devote More Engineers To Upstream Linux, Toolchains [Ed: Is this some kind of a sick joke? Google put weakened encryption inside Linux, in effect an NSA back door, before it was compelled to remove it many months later. Google doesn't value real security but US "national security" (empire).]

            Longtime kernel developer Kees Cook of the Google Security Team published a post on Google’s Security Blog today effectively calling for more organizations to devote a greater number of engineers to the upstream Linux kernel in order to improve open-source security.

            In addition to Google backing the Rust initiative for the Linux kernel, they also acknowledge there is a manpower issue.

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • I have heard what the Federal Circuit has to say on motions to transfer, says WDTX’s Albright [Ed: The megaphone of EPO criminals, IAM, gives a platform to another person who has perverse concept of justice. IAM: we support crime. Pretty stunning how much of the self-described “legal” media and “law” firms basically support crime, promote corruption, cover up injustices, and look to trick/undermine those who do the correct/just/right/true thing.]

          US District Judge Alan Albright’s Waco court in the Western District of Texas is the US’s busiest patent litigation venue. It is also the most controversial. In an exclusive IAM interview, the judge explains how he has responded to recent CAFC criticisms and discusses plenty more besides

        • Federal Circuit to Judge Albright: You Get An F [Ed: Corrupt judge in Texas, who treats the court like a private for-profit business, gets much-needed scrutiny]

          In yet another mandamus order directed to the Western District of Texas, the Federal Circuit has once again explained to Judge Albright that his analysis of transfer motions is incorrect and ordered him to send a case elsewhere. It’s worth reading the entire order in In re Hulu, but if you don’t have time, I can sum it up for you: Judge Albright got pretty much everything important wrong.

          Yet again, the Federal Circuit found that Judge Albright “clearly abused [his] discretion” in denying transfer. Of the factors that are weighed when determining a motion to transfer, Judge Albright found that two factors slightly favored transfer, three factors weighed against transfer, and three factors didn’t apply.

          The Federal Circuit disagreed. Of the three factors Judge Albright found to weigh against transfer, the Federal Circuit found one to be neutral—and the other two to actually weigh in favor of transfer. And of the factors that slightly favored transfer, the Federal Circuit suggested that the analysis employed by Judge Albright was incorrect and that the factor might better be understood as significantly favoring transfer.

          Judge Albright has joked about how he “may get guidance from the people that grade my papers at some point that that’s not the right approach.” And this is yet another instance of that kind of guidance. But this order isn’t his graders saying he got it a little bit wrong and marking him for a B. This is having every reason you relied upon to deny a transfer marked “incorrect”—it’s your graders telling you you failed completely.

        • Recent Developments in Artificial Intelligence and IP Law: South Africa Grants World’s First Patent for AI-Created Invention [Ed: It's safe to say that in addition to the blunder over COVID-19 monopolies the patent system is self-discrediting at this stage; not they grant patents to bots!]

          On July 28, the Companies and Intellectual Property Commission of South Africa granted the world’s first patent on an invention created by an artificial intelligence (“AI”) inventor. This development marks an important milestone in what will certainly be a significant battle for legal recognition of such inventions in the United States and other countries.

          “Device for Autonomous Bootstrapping of Unified Sentience” aka “DABUS” is an AI developed by Missouri physicist Stephen Thaler. The recently-issued patent is directed to a food container based on fractal geometry. The patent application was filed on September 17, 2019 under the Patent Cooperation Treaty. [1] Under the heading of “inventor”, the application identifies DABUS and states “The invention was autonomously generated by an artificial intelligence.” [2]

        • Recent Developments in Artificial Intelligence and IP Law: South Africa Grants World’s First Patent for AI-Created Invention [Ed: Litigation 'industry' delighted that more junk patents can be granted to bots in some places because it means more litigation (between bots)]

          On July 28, the Companies and Intellectual Property Commission of South Africa granted the world’s first patent on an invention created by an artificial intelligence (“AI”) inventor. This development marks an important milestone in what will certainly be a significant battle for legal recognition of such inventions in the United States and other countries.

          “Device for Autonomous Bootstrapping of Unified Sentience” aka “DABUS” is an AI developed by Missouri physicist Stephen Thaler. The recently-issued patent is directed to a food container based on fractal geometry. The patent application was filed on September 17, 2019 under the Patent Cooperation Treaty. [1] Under the heading of “inventor”, the application identifies DABUS and states “The invention was autonomously generated by an artificial intelligence.” [2]

        • Venue Games – What is Victoria’s Secret?

          Andra sued Victoria’s Secret for infringing its US Pat. 8,078,498 covering a lingerie virtual showroom. Actually, Andra sued L Brands Inc (LBI), the parent company, as well as Victoria Secret Stores LLC (Stores) which operates the physical retail stores; Victoria’s Secret Direct Brand Management, LLC (Direct), which manages the internet activities (including in-store direct online and returns from the stores); and Victoria’s Secret Stores Brand Management, Inc. (Brand) which creates the apparel products. At the time of the lawsuit*, these companies were all directly linked together in a tight corporate subsidiary structure under LBI. Still, each defendant gets to raise the defense of improper venue.

        • PTAB

          • $10,000 for prior art on all 5 patents asserted by Invincible IP, an IP Edge entity,
          • PTAB Strategies and Insights – July 2021: Arthrex: One Month Later [Ed: Fake patents, such as software patents, can still be squashed more easily then before without having to pay much, e.g. court fees]

            Following the Supreme Court’s decision in United States v. Arthrex, the Federal Circuit issued requests for briefing regarding the decision’s impact in pending PTAB appeals in which an Appointments Clause challenge had been raised. Those briefs have now been filed and the parties are awaiting action from the court of appeals. Here we provide a brief overview of the types of arguments we have seen from the parties and of likely next steps.

            Responses from Patent Owner-Appellants who raised Appointments Clause challenges generally fall into two categories. The first category consists of responses that affirmatively waive the appellant’s right to relief under Arthrex and request that the Federal Circuit decide the appeal on the merits.[1] The second category consistent of responses that request a remand so that the patent owner can have the opportunity to request Director review.[2] At least one appellant proposed a hybrid approach under which the Federal Circuit would address the merits of the appeal first and then—if the merits are decided adversely to the appellant—remand the case to the PTAB to allow the appellant to ask for Director review.[3] In that case, the Federal Circuit responded with an order instructing the appellant to choose between (i) requesting a limited remand and (ii) waiving its right to seek Director review.[4]

      • Copyrights

        • Book review: Harnessing Public Research for Innovation in the 21st Century [Ed: If it is publicly-funded research, thwn it should be free and exempt from all monopolies, including patents]

          Previous Guest Kat Rosie Burbidge, Intellectual Property Partner at Gunnercooke LLP and author of European Fashion Law, returns with a review of Harnessing Public Research for Innovation in the 21st Century An International Assessment of Knowledge Transfer Policies, edited by Anthony Arundel (UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University and University of Tasmania), Suma Athreye (Essex Business School, London), and Sacha Wunsch-Vincent (World Intellectual Property Organization). Here is what Rosie has to say about the book:

          It is a pleasure to review Harnessing Public Research for Innovation in the 21st Century, edited by Anthony Arundel, UNU-MERIT, Maastricht University and University of Tasmania, Suma Athreye, Essex Business School, London and Sacha Wunsch-Vincent, World Intellectual Property Organization.

          Public research and the important issue of how to foster “innovation” are popular concerns for governments and industry alike. This book enables a holistic overview of different innovation practices. By comparing different issues and strategies on an international basis, the common trends and best practices can be more readily identified and questions such as which subsidies produce the greatest economic value can be considered.

          [...]

          However, as they also note, in the context of public research, it “may produce a lot of inventions, but no significant innovations”. This observation ties in with one common issue throughout the book, and with measuring innovation more generally, is that the focus is on the number and type of patent filings which can be a poor proxy for genuine innovation. That is not to say that this data and the associated analysis is not helpful but that it is much harder to get accurate and bias free information regarding other rights, particularly trade secrets which, by their nature, are not widely shared.

Links 3/8/2021: LibreOffice Autoupdater and Vulkan in X-Plane

Posted in News Roundup at 1:03 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Kernel Space

    • Benchmarks

      • Sabrent Rocket 4 Plus 1TB NVMe PCIe 4.0 SSD On Linux

        Last year Sabrent launched the Rocket 4 Plus PCIe 4.0 NVMe solid-state drive and left me puzzled for months finding that the Linux performance was coming in short of expectations under Linux. However, Sabrent recently released a firmware update (v1.2) for the Rocket 4 Plus and now the drive seems to be much better positioned under Linux.

        At launch the Sabrent Rocket 4 Plus NVMe solid-state drive was coming in short of expectations and similar to the odd performance I have been seeing out of the Samsung 980 PRO under Linux also performing worse than expected. But it looks like things have smoothed out with the v1.2 firmware update available for the Sabrent Rocket 4 Plus. The firmware update was made available to download in June while for a while now new drives have been shipping using this latest version.

    • Applications

      • Goggles Music Manager – music collection manager and player

        I spend an inordinate amount of time listening to music. My favorite pastime is to see an eclectic range of bands, solo artists, and orchestras live. It’s such a life-changing and exhilarating experience. It’s one thing to be sitting at home listening to a CD or watching music videos on TV or on YouTube, but being in the audience, packed out in a stadium or music hall, takes it to another level. But it’s an expensive pastime. And it’s been a long time since I’ve been able to attend music performances. Instead, I’m listening to music from my CD collection which I’ve encoded to FLAC.

        I’ve reviewed a smorgasbord of open source music players. But Linux is endowed with a huge selection, there remains a fair few I’ve yet to explore. For this review, I’m looking at Goggles Music Manager.

      • Virtualization on PC, Explained for Beginners with Practical Use Cases

        This guide is designed specifically for home users who want to try virtualization on their PC. We’ll take a detailed look at the different types of virtualization as well as the benefits of it.

        If you need to run more than one operating system on your laptop or PC there are several ways to do it. You’ve probably heard the terms “virtualization” and “virtual machine” before, but do you actually know what that is?

      • What’s New in VMware Horizon 8 v2106 & v2103
    • Instructionals/Technical

      • Use the Linux terminal to navigate throughout your computer

        To navigate through the directories of your computer in a graphical interface, you’re probably used to opening a window to get “into” your computer, and then double-clicking on a folder, and then on a subfolder, and so on. You may also use arrow buttons or keys to back track.

        To navigate through your computer in the terminal, you use the cd command. You can use cd .. to move one directory back, or cd ./path/to/another/folder to jump through many folders into a specific location.

        The concept of a URL, which you use on the Internet already, is actually pulled directly from POSIX. When you navigate to a specific page on some website, like http://www.example.com/tutorials/lesson2.html, you are actually changing directory to /var/www/imaginarysite/tutorials/ and opening a file called lesson2.html. Of course, you open it in a web browser, which interprets all that weird-looking HTML code into pretty text and pictures. But the idea is exactly the same.

      • Basic Hacks for Kobo E-Readers

        With a little hacking, you can free your Kobo e-reader from its proprietary chains. You may even transform your e-reader into a more general-purpose device.

        Any piece of proprietary hardware eventually spawns a community of hackers. Kobo e-readers are no exception. However, while I have used Kobo e-readers for a decade, I only recently started to explore Kobo’s hacker community. New Kobo models are released frequently, so all documented hacks do not work for every e-reader, especially hardware hacks. Moreover, as always when hacking, you may sometimes risk bricking your device. Still, the variety and ingenuity of known modifications is proof of how determined the free hardware and software communities are to bypass the arbitrary restrictions imposed by proprietary hardware.

        Rakuten Kobo is a Toronto-based company, whose products are a distant second to Kindle e-readers in market share. The company also hosts its own site for ebooks and audio books. Over the years, the company has shown a strong tendency to experiment with its hardware, no doubt in an attempt to increase its market share. For instance, Kobo’s first releases supported a Debian client, and several of its early devices used LCD displays rather than e-ink. These experiments sometimes make Kobo a moving target for hackers, but its primary use of the open ePub format makes it popular among those who prefer not to use the proprietary formats like MOBI used by Kindle.

      • Connect Ubuntu Linux Desktop 21.04 to an Active Directory domain: Here’s how – TechRepublic
      • Set up a VPN server on your Linux PC | Opensource.com

        Have you been connected to an untrusted network such as a hotel or café WiFi and need to securely browse the internet from your smartphone or laptop? By using a virtual private network (VPN), you can access that untrusted network anonymously and as safely as if you were on a private network.

        VPN is an amazing tool for safeguarding private data. By using a VPN, you can connect to a private network on the internet while maintaining anonymity.

        There are many VPN services available, and many people have found that the preferred option for securing private data when using untrusted networks is OpenVPN.

        OpenVPN creates an encrypted tunnel between two points, preventing a third party from accessing your network traffic data. By setting up your VPN server, you become your own VPN provider. Many popular VPN services use OpenVPN, so why tie your connection to a specific provider when you can have complete control yourself?

      • Install Apache Tomcat 10 on Debian 11 Linux – Linux Shout

        Learn the steps and commands to install the latest version of Apache Tomcat on Debian 11 Bullseye Linux to test various Java-based applications…

        Apache Tomcat is an open-source web server that allows you to run web applications written in Java. Tomcat is developed and maintained by a free community of developers and our Apache license is published as open-source software.

        Well, Tomcat is significantly different from the Apache web server, it was developed to primarily focus on Web applications. Tomcat does not understand URLs as a file specification, but as a notification of a user action. This is comparable to event-driven programming in classic GUI programming: a click on a button generates an event that the window manager reports to the program. Calling up a URL is analogous, be it in the form of a link or a form called.

      • 13 Tips for Tuning and Optimizing Mysql and Mariadb Databases – VITUX

        MySQL and MariaDB are the most widely used relational database management systems (RDMS) when it comes to website hosting and CMS systems such as Joomla, WordPress, Drupal, and Typo 3. In this article, I will explain how to speed up and optimize your MySQL and MariaDB database server.

      • How To Install and Configure Todoist in Linux Distributions

        The word Todoist is the phonetic short form of To-Do List, and it can be used for organizing work, tasks, and quick notes. The Todoist can remember all of your works for you and recall you when you need them. If you work for different clients, Todoist can also manage to remind you of the high prioritized tasks. Mostly, if you’re a Linux sysadmin, I’m sure there is too much work to do for you in the entire week.

        You can now use the Todoist tool on your Linux system to remind the tasks, share the load among others, customize workload, and keep a balance between your work and life. You can also use Todoist for managing your shopping, store, day-to-day life, and social gathering.

        The Todoist application is available for Windows, Mac, Linux, Android, and iPhones. It allows you to set labels, filters on the worklist, and even you can customize the Todoist theme based on your work category.

      • How To Install Java on AlmaLinux 8 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Java on AlmaLinux 8. For those of you who didn’t know, Java is a general-purpose and object-oriented programming language, lets application developers write once and run everywhere. This means that a compiled java code runs on all platforms that support Java without the need for recompilation. JDK is a collection of various programming tools such as JRE (Java Runtime Environment), Java, Javac, Jar, and many others.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of Java on AlmaLinux 8. You can follow the same instructions for Rocky Linux.

      • How to Find and Remove Duplicate Photos in Linux

        Clicked too many similar photos? Have saved the same photo in different folders? I know that feel.

        You click photos on camera, send it through WhatsApp. Now you back up the images and you have two copies of the photos from the gallery and WhatsApp. It is annoying, cluttered and takes extra space unnecessarily.

        I came across this issue while going through my father-in-law’s photo collection. Here’s what I did to find the duplicate photos and remove thm.

      • How to Install Java 16 in Rocky Linux and AlmaLinux

        Java is a cross-platform, object-oriented, and multipurpose programming language that is primarily used for creating mobile, web, and cloud applications. Additionally, you can use Java to create games, chatbots, enterprise applications, and a whole lot more.

        To develop Java applications, you need to install an IDE (Integrated Development Environment). IntelliJ IDEA is a perfect example of an IDE that is designed specifically for the development of Java applications. However, you need to have Java installed beforehand. This can be provided by either the OpenJDK (Open Java Development Kit) or Oracle JDK (Oracle Development Kit).

      • How to Install Postfix Mail Server on Ubuntu 20.04

        Postfix is both a popular and preferred Mail Transfer Agent (MTA) for more than 25% of active and public internet mail servers. This attribute has something to do with its open-source status. Many Linux systems benefit from its extensive mail routing and delivery services.

        If you are a user of the Ubuntu 20.04 or Ubuntu 18.04 system and wish to install and explore the depths of Postfix MTA, then this article will answer all your queries.

        We are going to take you through Ubuntu 20.04 Postfix installation and configuration. The final bit of this tutorial will test Postfix’s mail routing capabilities after we install “s-nail” – it is a popular email client or in more technical terms, a Mail User Agent (MUA).

      • How to define multiple when conditions in Ansible – nixCraft

        Sometimes we need to evaluate multiple when conditions in Ansible playbooks. Let us see how to define multiple when conditions in Ansible for a single task.

        This page explains how to define multiple when conditions in Ansible. The examples further tell how to do a logical “OR” or “AND” using Ansible IT automation tool on your macOS, Linux, or Unix desktop.

      • How to patch modules in Red Hat Enterprise Linux | Red Hat Developer

        Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), in version 8, introduced modules as a higher-level concept for packaging software stacks. Modules enable new features such as adding alternative versions of stacks, called streams. That’s great, but what if you want to patch a stream? Is it possible? It is. Is it more difficult than patching non-modular software? Slightly. This article shows you how to patch a module stream while avoiding the invisible package problem.

      • 3 Ways to Remove Files from Trash on Ubuntu using GUI and Terminal

        By choosing files and documents and hitting the “Remove” key on the keyboard, users can remove all data. Those files are then moved to Junk, a computer location for discarded data. Deleted files remain inside the “Trash” folder unless you elect to clear it or restored the contents. Throughout this article, we’ll look at the first choice: how and where to delete documents via Trash.

      • Get started with Argo CD | Opensource.com

        In a typical push-based deployment, tools like Ansible and Jenkins connect directly to the server or cluster and execute the provisioning commands. This approach works well when the cluster is accessible on the network and there is direct connectivity between your deployment server and the destination server. For compliance or security reasons, connectivity between the deployment tool and the cluster may not be possible.

        Argo CD is a pull-based deployment tool. It watches a remote Git repository for new or updated manifest files and synchronizes those changes with the cluster. By managing manifests in Git and syncing them with the cluster, you get all the advantages of a Git-based workflow (version control, pull-request reviews, transparency in collaboration, etc.) and a one-to-one mapping between what is in the Git repo and what is deployed in the cluster. This method is called GitOps.

    • Games

      • X-Plane Flight Simulator Continues Advancing Its Renderer With Vulkan – Phoronix

        X-Plane is not only the most realistic flight simulator that has long offered native Linux support but it’s the only instance of a Vulkan-powered flight simulator I am aware of. While long tied to OpenGL, the company behind X-Plane is making it clear that the graphics rendering future is with Vulkan (and Metal when talking about Apple platforms).

        It was just last year that X-Plane debuted with Vulkan support after being tied to OpenGL support previously for its custom renderer developed at Laminar Research. That Vulkan support debuted in X-Plane 11.50 and has continued improving since and even more enhancements ahead for future releases.

      • Steam Hardware Survey Shows Linux Finally Breaks the 1% Barrier

        The monthly Steam Hardware Survey is quite possibly one of the best windows we get into not only how consumers are playing games but how their hardware is transitioning to keep up with the graphical advances. It’s also pretty handy for judging which operating system currently holds the biggest slice of the gaming pie. Following the release of the latest figures, however, Linux’s quite devoted fanbase is undoubtedly going to be exceptionally happy as for the time ever (to my knowledge) the operating system has finally hit the magical 1% market share figure on the platform.

        [...]

        We daresay that Microsoft is exceptionally unhappy that their Windows 10 (64 bit) user-based is down in the latest Steam Hardware Survey. More so likely in the fact that those users who did decide to leave the platform have seemingly chosen Windows 7 as a seemingly more viable alternative, or worse, their pretty much sole nemesis Linux.

        While Linux clearly still has a long way to go, as noted above, the operating system is very popular, and you’ll struggle to find someone using it who has any complaints. With 1% now hit though, who knows, maybe more developers will start looking at making their games compatible with it.

      • Proton 6.14 GE-2 and Wine 6.14 GE-2 are out, easily update Proton GE with ProtonUp

        Multiple updates to community-built versions of Proton and Wine, along with a very interesting bit of software to help you upgrade Proton GE called ProtonUp.

        If you’re not clear on what Proton and Steam Play are, be sure to check out our constantly updated dedicated page. It’s a special compatibility layer for running Windows games and apps from Steam on Linux. Proton GE is not affiliated with Valve/Steam, it also has less quality assurance versus the official Proton but often ends up with special game-specific fixes quicker.

      • Vomitoreum is a FPS Metroidvania with a sprinkle of horror out now

        Built using the power of the open source GZDoom (although it’s a full standalone game), Vomitoreum is an FPS Metroidvania with a focus on atmosphere and horror, inspired by the paintings of Zdzisław Beksiński set in an interconnected and nightmarish world. If you love retro-styled first-person shooter then this is one you need to take a look at.

      • SkateBIRD gets delayed until September 16 | GamingOnLinux

        You’re going to have to wait a bit longer to do flips and things as a cute little bird, as SkateBIRD from Glass Bottom Games has been a bit delayed.

        Seems all platforms have been delayed at this point with a new release date set at September 16. Why? In the brief announcement post Glass Bottom Games mentioned “Why? Usual reasons. Shipping a game is hard. Hit some bugs, SDK stuff where the old code worked but the new one suddenly didn’t, you get the idea. Gave us more time to polish other stuff though, so that’s nice!”

      • Flare, a free and open source RPG and game engine has a huge new 1.12 release | GamingOnLinux

        Flare is a name I’ve not heard for a while. It is both an RPG and a game engine for other developers to make their own games and a massive new release is out.

        The idea behind Flare as a game engine is to specifically deal with single-player 2D action RPGs. It is not a reimplementation of anything else but a tribute to the whole genre. While the developers also made Flare: Empyrean Campaign to show it off a little.

      • First-person brawler Paint the Town Red is officially out now | GamingOnLinux

        After a long time in Early Access, you can now go ahead and start all kinds of ridiculous fights in the first-person brawler Paint the Town Red as it’s out properly now.

        If you love ridiculous games, this is the one for you. Start a fight in a bar? On a dance floor? Punch a shark. Yup, it has it all. Then there’s also the Beneath roguelike RPG mode filled with secrets, hordes of monsters, and otherworldly bosses takes all fighters foolish enough to brave its depths.

      • A Prologue demo for IRIS: A Colorful Dream shows off the unique world | GamingOnLinux

        IRIS: A Colorful Dream is an upcoming 3D exploration platformer about restoring colour to the world. It looks simply wonderful and you can play a small unique slice of it right now. The developer recently put out a Prologue demo, which has its own unique world that won’t be in the full game. The developer mentioned it’s partly to “explore our ideas and hone our skills before diving into the real thing”.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • Your Hot New Stuff Here

          KNewStuff, our Framework designed to make it as easy as possible for people to Get Hot New Stuff for whatever app they’re running, and for the people who make those apps to add that same functionality to the apps, has for some time suggested that the KDE Store has the ability to accept uploading of content directly from the application. Unfortunately, due to the way this was originally built (which was essentially built around the idea that People Are Nice) turned out to be a fairly effective vector for spam and malicious content.

          The result of this is that for several years, while KNewStuff has had an implementation of the OCS Content Create functionality, there is no serverside implementation which supports it as it stands. Which is a shame, especially when, while we may not be able to do it through the API because people are, apparently, sometimes Not Nice, what we can do instead is make it easier for people who are nice to learn how to add their own stuff to those listings.

          [...]

          While working on this innocent seeming bit of stuff, i ran into few little things that needed to be done first. Of course, i could have hacked this and just Made It Work, but also that is not what we do in KDE.

          The first, probably smallest thing is that this inherently shows up in our mobile apps, because it’s now a part of both Page and Dialog now. Not that there’s a problem with people finding their way to the store and uploading things there, but if we catch just a couple of people who would have otherwise not uploaded their stuff for the rest of the world to see, well, i’ll chalk that down as a win :D

          As for more technical things, the way in which one would get a list of the providers known to a KNewStuffCore::Engine was previously all manner of awkward, and really does not fit into how a modern Qt application works (that is, you’d call one function to get some string IDs, then you’d call another function to get each provider, and there was no good way to keep track of what might happen if another got added late, and so on). So, we now have a little model, KNSCore::ProvidersModel, which handles this, and just gives you a list of all the Providers known to an Engine, with a bunch of roles that lets you read all the information you need.

        • Getting Started with UFW (Uncomplicated Firewall) on Ubuntu 20.04

          UFW or Uncomplicated Firewall is an application to manage an iptables based firewall on Ubuntu. UFW is the default firewall configuration tool for Ubuntu Linux and provides a user-friendly way to configure the firewall, the UFW command is just like English language so the commands are easy to remember. The UFW firewall supports IPv4 and IPv6.

          UFW provides also a GUI application, if you use a GNOME desktop you can install gufw, or if you use a KDE desktop you can install kcm-ufw.

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • GNOME Web Canary is Now Available to Test Bleeding Edge Features

          Epiphany or GNOME Web is a minimal and yet capable browser for Linux distributions. You should find it as the default browser for elementary OS.

          With GNOME 40, the Epiphany browser has had some improvements and additions.

          Behind the scenes, it regularly gets some exciting improvements and feature additions. And for that, you can opt for the Tech Preview version of GNOME Web tailored for early testers.

          Now, a new Canary flavor has been introduced that you can use to test features that are not yet available even in the tech preview build.

        • Cinnamon 5 desktop review

          Based on this article review, Cinnamon 5.0 is a worthy Linux desktop environment to consider as it has more thumbs up than dislikes. A new user will find it amicably adaptable and scalable, while veteran users might have to re-adjust their muscle memories to adapt to some new GUI tweaks. It is responsive and performs in a lightweight manner. Furthermore, it automates most of its functionalities so that its user only needs to acknowledge their implementation, if any.

          Our articles on the features of Linux Mint 20.2 “Uma” and updating to Linux Mint 20.2 “Uma” directly reference Cinnamon 5.0 as the default associated desktop environment for Linux Mint 20.2 “Uma”.

          The Cinnamon desktop developmental status and mileage can be followed up on Github. Here, you can keep a close eye on the upgrade changes associated with it from the beta stage to an official release.

    • Distributions

      • New Releases

        • 4MLinux 37.0 Release Packs in Linux Kernel 5.10 LTS and New Applications

          One of the most lightweight distros, 4MLinux, has just announced its 37th major release. This version brings a variety of improvements, of which we shall be looking at here.

          Before that, however, I feel that it would be appropriate to find out more about it, especially since it’s such a niche distro.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Introducing the no-cost IBM Semeru Runtimes to develop and run Java applications – IBM Developer

          With the launch of IBM Semeru Runtimes, IBM makes it easier than ever to develop and run Java applications more cost-effectively in hybrid cloud environements, from public cloud to data centers.

          IBM Semeru Runtimes use the class libraries from OpenJDK, along with the Eclipse OpenJ9 Java Virtual Machine to enable developers to build and deploy Java applications that will start quickly, deliver great performance, all while using less memory.

        • IBM Semeru Runtimes deliver enterprise quality for Java applications – IBM Developer

          A large number of IBM software and services rely on IBM Semeru Runtimes technology to provide a solid foundation for IBM and many other Fortune 500 companies operating across a wide range of industry sectors. The runtimes are rigorously exercised across numerous architectures and operating systems, from desktops running Windows, Linux, or macOS to servers such as IBM Power Systems, IBM Z system mainframes, and X86 systems.

          IBM provides high-quality production-ready runtimes that meet the most demanding quality standards in the Java ecosystem. IBM stands behind that statement with optional commercial support available with IBM Runtimes for Business, offering flexible licensing to fit your needs.

        • Why I was scared of IT automation | Enable Sysadmin

          New technology often makes lots of promises but experienced IT professionals are likely to greet these promises warily. There can easily be a disconnect between what the vendor’s sales team is pitching as a solution and the actual problems or challenges you’re trying to solve. Having anxiety about significant change is expected. In our experience working with customers at Red Hat, we’ve found that certain roles share common concerns about IT automation.

        • IT modernization: 5 truths now

          IT Modernization increasingly means something new. Go back five, and certainly 10 years, it would have been primarily an efficiency – which is to say primarily a cost-cutting – story. Out with Solaris and in with Linux. Out with legacy Unix system hardware and in with x86. Out with a proprietary database and in with MySQL.

          We also saw the continued mainstreaming of virtualization, which served to improve the historically dismal utilization of mass-market servers, without requiring much of a fundamental change in how servers were operated.

          This was a common theme of that era of IT modernization. Make things more efficient but don’t upset existing processes, workflows, and development methods. Don’t require any large-scale upskilling of staff.

          But that’s changing. While some percentage of existing platforms are being either left as is or lightly refreshed, many others are being modernized through major refits or other fundamental platform shifts.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Apache Pinot Makes It To The Organization’s Top Shelf For Real-Time Big Data Analytics

        After being started by LinkedIn and open-source now for more than a half-decade while incubating at the Apache Software Foundation the past three years, Apache Pinot is the latest project graduating to become a top-level Apache project.

      • Programming/Development

        • LibreOffice project recap: July 2021 – The Document Foundation Blog
        • Tender to implement autoupdater (#202108-01)

          The Document Foundation (TDF) is the charitable entity behind the world’s leading free/libre open source (FLOSS) office suite LibreOffice.

        • Managing GitOps control planes for secure GitOps practices

          Red Hat OpenShift GitOps provides Argo CD and other tooling used to implement GitOps workflows for cluster configuration and application delivery. OpenShift GitOps is a Red Hat OpenShift add-on, available as an operator in the OperatorHub. Once you’ve installed the OpenShift GitOps operator, you can deploy Argo CD instances using Kubernetes custom resources.

        • 2022 Fukuoka Ruby Award Competition – Entries to be judged by Matz

          The Government of Fukuoka, Japan together with “Matz” Matsumoto would like to invite you to enter the following Ruby competition. If you have developed an interesting Ruby program, please be encouraged to apply.

        • Git 2.33 Is On The Way With An Assortment Of Fixes, Updated Documentation

          Monday marked the release of Git 2.33-rc0 as the first test release of the next version of this distributed revision control system.

          Git 2.33 isn’t the most exciting update in recent times but primarily an assortment of many different bug fixes. In fact, Git 2.33 seems to be primarily a maintenance release with no big shiny new features at this time but just an assortment of fixes and other smaller items.

        • LLVM 13 Feature Development Is Over, LLVM 14 Enters Development – Phoronix

          LLVM 13.0 feature development has ended with the code now branched and the first release candidate tagged.

          LLVM 13 brings AMD Zen 3 tuning, the GFX1013 target being added to the AMDGPU back-end for RDNA2 APUs, guaranteed tail calls are now supported via statement attributes for C and C++, many improvements to clang-format, the build system now allows building multiple distributions, support for ARMv9-A’s Realm Management Extension (RME), the Hexagon target now supports the V68/HVX ISA, C API improvements, and a variety of other enhancements.

  • Leftovers

    • Hardware

      • My Google Pixel C: the end of an era

        I got my Google Pixel C tablet in early 2016, well over five years ago. I use it ever since almost every day. A big part of it is that I also have the Pixel C keyboard accessory. I prefer touch typing and funnily enough that does not work on a touch screen. It needs a real keyboard. And that keyboard died today. My Pixel C can still recognize the attached keyboard, but it does not work any more. Most likely it is a battery problem. And – as a nice coincidence – all this happened on the day, when Google announced its first own mobile CPU, called Tensor.

        [...]

        Without the keyboard I’m not sure how much I’ll use it in the future. Obviously, it will be still good for reading or listening to music. But I’ll need to switch to other devices a lot more often, as I prefer typing on real keyboards instead of screens.

      • Jakub Steiner: Single Cycle Rave

        Some pointless technicalities: Digitakt is a drum machine that allows to loop even super tiny samples so what you get is a very versatile oscillator to furter shape with EQ and effects. I am still terrible and slow, but there is definitely joy in playing versus programming a pattern in a tracker. Sure it feels a bit odd to keep the amazing Digitone off, but I feel like I always spoit the broth by adding and adding more. This track benefts from the minimalistic constraints I think.

    • Defence/Aggression

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • UK to look at whether change to the current SEP framework is required [Ed: FRAND as a concept should be banned as it boils down to a number of misleading euphemisms, perfuming a grave injustice]

          The UK courts have become an important reference point in the global FRAND landscape, so a process looking at whether changes to the current SEP environment are needed has the potential to be very significant

        • TiVo and Google renew patent partnership [Ed: This is not a "partnership"; this shows distortion or extreme miscomprehension of what patents are and how they work]

          TiVo has announced a long-term renewal of its patent license with Google.

          The agreement will see Google continue to have broad coverage under TiVo’s patent portfolios, and extends a relationship first established in 2012.

          TiVo, which became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Xperi Holding Corporation in June 2020, has spent decades investing in R&D for technologies deployed across the media and entertainment industry. The company holds a global patent portfolio of more than 5,000 patents.

        • New call for proposals under revamped Academic Research Programme [Ed: The criminals who run the EPO are once again bribing scholars to produce biased and false ‘studies’ for reputation laundering purposes, in effect corrupting universities]

          Today the EPO is launching its call for proposals for its Academic Research Programme (ARP). With this revamped scheme, now in its fifth edition, the EPO will support collaborative research with scientific partner institutions, which can benefit from a wider scope, bigger budget and longer duration. The ARP foresees closer interaction between researchers and staff from across the EPO. Under the programme, grants of up to EUR 150 000 will be awarded per research area in relation to two streams (each with a grant envelope of €300 000).

        • UK court hands down first judgment in InterDigital and Lenovo’s five-patent battle

          EP 588 is one of five European patents are at the heart of the debate. The other patents at issue are EP 23 63 008, EP 2 557 714, EP 24 21 318 and EP 33 55 537. All pertain to the 3G and 4G standard. The court has already heard a second technical trial relating to EP 537, with a decision expected in the coming months.

          Since 2009, the parties have discussed licensing EP 558. InterDigital claims that it has made global licensing offers to Lenovo on FRAND terms. InterDigital also offered to licence the patent on alternative terms. However, so far the parties were unable to reach an agreement.

          InterDigital claimed that Lenovo was an unwilling FRAND licensee and would not accept the offered FRAND licence. However, Lenovo rejected claims that InterDigital’s offer was FRAND. Furthermore, InterDigital claims that Lenovo has imported and marketed 4G devices into the UK. Such an action, argued InterDigital, constituted infringement of EP 558.

          InterDigital patent is valid

          Lenovo denied infringement and counterclaimed for invalidity of the patent, on the basis of lack of novelty, lack of validity, and inventive step. The court rejected the counterclaim. The next trial is a FRAND trial, scheduled for next year, over EP 558.

          InterDigital had also initiated parallel proceedings in Germany, with the company filing infringement claims against Xiaomi at the Regional Court Munich. The claims are over EP 537, EP 318, and EP 558, on which the UK has just ruled. However, according to an InterDigital press release, the parties have now settled all pending litigation.

        • FOSS Patents: InterDigital on a roll, settles with Xiaomi: patent infringement complaints and anti-antisuit injunctions in Germany and India prove decisive–license covers 5G and HEVC

          The summer is treating U.S. research and patent licensing firm InterDigital well. Less than a week after netting a strategic victory in a UK patent infringement case against Lenovo, InterDigital (often referred to by its stock ticker symbol, IDCC) today announced a license deal that settles all pending litigation against Chinese smartphone giant Xiaomi. The covered patents include InterDigital’s 3G/4G/5G cellular portfolio as well as its HEVC (aka H.265) video codec patents.

          The amounts involved are not known, but the volume must be rather significant. Just last month, Bloomberg reported that Xiaomi had overtaken Apple to become the world’s no. 2 smartphone maker by unit sales. Xiaomi is truly an amazing entrepreneurial success story, and also has ambitious plans in the electric vehicle market. Maybe Xiaomi will once again manage to “come out of nothing” and rise to the top.

          While InterDigital had greater leverage in litigation at this point, Xiaomi has so far been doing a good job demonstrating to patent holders that it is neither a soft target nor an unwilling licensee or “hold-out.” Xiaomi seems to have learned the patent licensing and litigation game fast. Given its market share, I guess I’ll have to pay closer attention to its future patent cases.

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