01.21.22

Gemini version available ♊︎

Links 22/1/2022: Ubuntu MATE 21.10 for GPD Pocket 3, MINISFORUM Preloads GNU/Linux

Posted in News Roundup at 9:35 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • AMD Ryzen DeskMini UM700 announced with Manjaro Linux | GamingOnLinux

        The Manjaro Linux folks have teamed up with Minisforum to bring a very small but quite mighty system with the DeskMini UM700 × Manjaro Linux. Exciting? Well, it’s basically rebrand of the existing EliteMini UM700 only it has Manjaro Linux instead of Windows 10 – and the first 1,000 orders get a free copy of CrossOver Linux.

        Interestingly enough, this is pretty much the same box that Valve showed a pictured of them using in their developer documentation when talking about sorting a system for developing for Steam Deck without a Dev-Kit.

      • MINISFORUM UM700 mini PC now available with Manjaro Linux (or Windows 10 Pro) – Liliputing

        The MINISFORUM UM700 is a small desktop computer that measures 5″ x 5″ x 1.8″ and features a 35-watt AMD Ryzen 7 3750H processor. First released more than a year ago, the little computer has been available for around $569 and up ever since, with Windows 10 Pro pre-installed.

        But now you can also opt to purchase the DeskMini UM700 with Manjaro Linux pre-installed instead.

      • MINISFORUM launches AMD Ryzen-powered mini desktop PC running Manjaro Linux

        When it comes to computers, there are two things that really get my motor running — AMD processors and Linux-based operating systems. So when I learned MINISFORUM had begun selling a diminutive AMD Ryzen-powered desktop that comes with Manjaro Linux pre-installed, my heart skipped a beat. It is very exciting to see yet another computer being offered with Linux rather than Windows.

        Called “DeskMini UM700,” the mini Linux desktop PC is being offered in three configurations — all powered by the very capable Ryzen 7 3750H APU — with pricing starting at less than $500. In other words, the tiny computer isn’t just capable, but affordable too.

      • Framework put up the source code for their Embedded Controller firmware [Ed: Microsoft Windows used to be mandatory, but they have corrected this; the choice of proprietary GitHub is still tasteless and helps Microsoft for openwashing]

        Continuing to put their money where their mouth is, the team at Framework are keeping things open and they’ve just announced the source code release for their Embedded Controller firmware.

        What they’re using is actually based on Google’s chromium-ec project, which is the EC firmware used in Chromebooks. They’ve put the code up on GitHub under the BSD license. They didn’t have to do this but it’s great to see and keeps up with their commitment to allow people to do whatever they want with the Framework Laptop, which is one of the most exciting laptops we’ve seen for some time now.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • Hackaday Podcast 152: 555 Timer Extravaganza, EMF Chip Glitching 3 Ways, A Magnetic Mechanical Keyboard, And The Best Tricorder Ever | Hackaday

        Join Hackaday Editor-in-Chief Elliot Williams and Managing Editor Tom Nardi as they bring you up to speed on the best stories and projects from the week. There’s some pretty unfortunate news for the physical media aficionados in the audience, but if you’re particularly keen on 50 year old integrated circuits, you’ll love hearing about the winners of the 555 Timer Contest. We’ll take a look at a singing circuit sculpture powered by the ESP32, extol the virtues of 3D printed switches, follow one hacker’s dream of building the ultimate Star Trek tricorder prop, and try to wrap our heads around how electronic devices can be jolted into submission. Stick around to the end as we take a close look at some extraordinary claims about sniffing out computer viruses, and wrap things up by wondering why everyone is trying to drive so far.

      • Linux From Scratch: Another Day, Another Compiler – Invidious

        We’re back for more LFS, last week we didn’t make a ton of progress but hopefully this week it goes at least a little bit better but I’m not making any promises

      • Linux Mint 20.3 “Una” Xfce overview | Light, simple, efficient. – Invidious

        In this video, I am going to show an overview of Linux Mint 20.3 “Una” Xfce and some of the applications pre-installed.

      • Noodlings 36 | The Wires and Tubes

        This is my segment where I like to look back in time and see how the world of technology has advanced and how things have stayed the same. I find we often forget how far we have come and how good we have it while not always remember how we got here. Having some historical perspective on computers and technology can help to drive some appreciation for what we have today.

    • Kernel Space

    • Applications

      • Quoter – The Console Based Stock Quote Tool

        While it can be a struggle to make ends meet, it’s possible to make life easier through better money management. Financial management is about planning income and expenditure and making informed decisions that enable you to survive financially. With today’s financial pressures, it’s even more important to look after your finances, if only to make sure there are no nasty surprises when you receive your next bank statement.

        One way of staying alert regarding your financial position is to use a stock ticker. This is software that provides live updates of stock prices and enables you to easily monitor your investments. Alternatively, you can use software that fetches prices on-demand.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • FTP server container Podman fast and right and 4 dirty steps

        FTP server container stands for “File Transfer Protocol” and is an excellent protocol for downloading files from a remote or local server or uploading files onto the server. Using FTP proves to be a primary task after it has been set up correctly. It works by having a server listening for connections (on port 21 by default) from clients. The clients can access a remote directory with their user account and then download or upload files there, depending on the permissions that have been granted to them. It’s also possible to configure anonymous authorization, which means users will not need their account to connect to the FTP server.

        On Centos Linux, there are many different FTP server containers and client software packages available. You can even use default GUI and command-line tools as an FTP client. In addition, a stylish and highly-configurable FTP server package is vsftpd, known for many Linux systems, including Centos.
        This guide will go over the step-by-step instructions to install vsftpd on Centos. We’ll also see how to configure the container FTP server through various settings, then use the command line, GNOME GUI, or FTP client software to connect to the FTP server. Creating FTP users tutorial.

      • How to Back Up Your Linux System With Rsync – JumpCloud

        It’s easy to take for granted the importance of having a server backup — until you experience a system failure, a natural disaster, or a malware attack. This can potentially paralyze your business through the loss of vital records such as financial and customer data. Your ability to recover will only be as good as your last backup.

        Server backups provide the much-needed confidence that data is not lost and can be recovered in case of any eventuality. However, each operating system has a different way to handle this, and while some provide built-in utilities to accomplish this, others must be established from the ground up. Like many other areas of management, Linux operating systems have more options, but require more knowledge to set them up successfully.

      • How to Deploy a Ghost Blog With Docker – CloudSavvy IT

        Ghost is a popular content creation platform that’s written in JavaScript with Node.js. The open-source software comes with everything you need to author, theme, publish, and maintain your own blog.

        Ghost is open-source software supported by the official Ghost(Pro) hosted service. You can install it on your own server by adding Node.js and using the Ghost CLI to set up your stack. Ghost is also available as a Docker image which bundles all the dependencies for you.

        In this guide, we’ll use Docker to quickly get a new Ghost blog operational. Install Docker and Docker Compose on your host before proceeding any further. While you can deploy Ghost using Docker alone, Compose makes it simpler to supply and manage the config values your site will need to get started.

      • How to Check Directory Size From the Linux Command Line – CloudSavvy IT

        While the Linux command ls can display the sizes of files, it doesn’t work properly with directories, which will always be displayed as 4096 bytes. You’ll need to use the du command to recurse into subdirectories and print out a total.

      • How to Change Your Linux Password

        Once you’ve set up a new Linux PC, one of your first tasks should be to change your Linux password. After all, one of the most important parts of keeping your computer secure is creating a secure password that others can’t guess or crack.

        Whether you’re running macOS, Windows, or Linux, it’s crucial to be mindful of your password and change it regularly. So, how do you change your password in Linux? It’s a pretty straightforward process, so let’s take a look.

      • How to install Roblox Player and Studio on a Chromebook

        Today we are looking at how to install Roblox Studio and the Windows version of Roblox on a Chromebook. Please follow the video/audio guide as a tutorial where we explain the process step by step and use the commands below.

      • Configure Filebeat-Elasticsearch Authentication – kifarunix.com

        This tutorial will take you through how you can configure filebeat-elasticsearch authentication. You realize that when you enable Elastic basic authentication, you need to valid user credentials to authenticate and validate access to restricted Elastic resources.

      • How to install NextCloud sync client on Almalinux or Rocky Linux 8

        If you already have a NextClouud server and now want to sync your files using Linux; then here are the steps to install the NextCloud sync client app on Rocky Linux 8 or Almalinux 8 using the command terminal.

        Just like Google Drive or Dropbox, NextCloud also offers a dedicated app for both Pc and smartphones; to offer an easy way to manage and sync files. The app has a pretty nice interface, easy to use and operate. It offers the possibility to synchronize local files with the Nextcloud server. The easiest way to do this is using the client program available for Windows, macOS Linux, Android, iOS, or via the WebDAV protocol. By using Nextcloud-client, nothing changes for you in your daily work, since all files are still on your PC or the local data server as usual. If you are working from a location or with a device where your files are not available locally, you can access the files via a website. So you always have the access to your important on your own hardware without the interface of any third party.

      • How to host your own Streaming Media Server using Streama on Ubuntu – VITUX

        Streama is an open-source application that is free to use. In a Linux distribution, you can freely set up your own streaming media server and stream videos, movies, tv shows, or any others as per your wish. You can save such media files on your local computer or any other server, VPS. Such videos can be streamed from any device on your network or can be watched from anywhere if you have set up on VPS.

      • How To Install TimescaleDB on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install TimescaleDB on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, TimescaleDB is a free, open-source, powerful database system powered by PostgreSQL. It is an extension of PostgreSQL and is specially designed to analyze time-series data with PostgreSQL. TimescaleDB offers the best of both NoSQL and relational database systems.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the TimescaleDB on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

      • Fix the “make: command not found” Error in Ubuntu

        The Linux make command is used for building and compiling applications from source code, as it also builds and compiles dependencies of the source code with the help of a “makefile.”

        As a Linux user, you may compile utilities and install them from the command line using the make program. However, sometimes users get the error message “make: command not found.” in return.

        In this article, you will learn what causes this error and how you can solve it using different methods.

      • Install NextCloud on AlmaLinux 8 – Open Source personal cloud

        Step by step tutorial to install NextCloud on AlmaLinux 8 for personal cloud storage to store media files and documents using the internet from anywhere; using smartphone or desktop app.

        What is Nextcloud?

        Nextcloud is free and open-source server-client architecture software that source code is available on GitHub. It is a fork of another popular personal cloud solution “OwnCloud”. Any user or enterprise can use it to build their cloud similar to Google Drive, iCloud, Dropbox, and Onedrive. Where to sync and access data (upload and download) automatically with a local directory user can use Next Cloud client application for smartphones and Desktops. This means that a consistent database can be accessed from several computers, but also via a web interface. Although Nextcloud is based on PHP, only Linux is supported as a server environment. It is also not possible to use Apache or NGINX with PHP on Windows.

      • How to use Filters in Wireshark

        Wireshark is a Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) and it is developed by a community of enthusiastic developers. Wireshark (Formerly Ethereal) is used for capturing and investigating the traffic on a network. With Wireshark one can see what is going on their network: You can see from where the traffic is coming in and where it is going to. If you are working in a production environment, you are going to get a lot of traffic. It will be very cumbersome to inspect this traffic without the knowledge of Wiresharks’s filter functionalities. Using the filters you can see exactly the type of traffic you want and everything else will be removed from the scene.

      • How Podman can extract a container’s external IP address | Enable Sysadmin

        Podman is a useful tool for deploying and managing containers. In part one of this article series, I covered how to deploy Podman containers and defined the environment I’ll use in the rest of the series. In part two, I demonstrated several ways to list running containers and format their output. Read the previous parts first to understand the environment and necessary toolkit.

        This article shows how to use Podman to extract information about the container’s external Internet Protocol (IP) addresses.

      • How To Create Online Forms with CryptPad, an Alternative to Google Forms

        This tutorial will explain how you can create online forms using CryptPad, a Google Forms alternative from France that respects software freedom and privacy. The forms are beautiful, easy to use, and also suitable for making surveys, registrations, quizzes, polls etc. for education as well as business purposes. Now let’s start it.

      • How To Install REMI Repository on CentOS, Rocky Linux and AlmaLinux – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install REMI Repository on CentOS, Rocky Linux, and AlmaLinux. For those of you who didn’t know, For those of you who didn’t know, REMI is a free-to-use repository created and maintained by a Remi Collect. The REMI repository’s main goal is to provide the latest versions of the PHP/MySQL stack on Enterprise Linux such as Fedora, Centos, Rocky Linux, and AlmaLinux.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation REMI Repository on CentOS, Rocky Linux, and AlmaLinux.

      • Mount Dropbox Locally Using Rclone In Linux – OSTechNix

        This guide explains how to mount Dropbox locally using Rclone cloud sync tool and how to copy or backup files to Dropbox using Rclone in Linux operating systems.

        I assume you already have installed Rclone on your Linux machine. If not, refer the following link to know how to install Rclone.

      • How to Install and Configure Samba File Sharing on Ubuntu 20.04

        Samba is a suite of open source applications that implements the Server Message Block (SMB) protocol. Many operating systems, including Microsoft Windows, use the SMB protocol for client-server networking. Samba enables Linux / Unix machines to communicate with Windows machines in a network. Samba provides file and print services for various Microsoft Windows clients and can integrate with a Microsoft Windows Server domain, either as a Domain Controller (DC) or as a domain member.

        Sharing files is an essential part of server administration. It allows sharing of resources across the network which are needed by users to carry out their tasks. Samba server is usually installed on central Linux server where information is stored in variety of media and accessed using windows client or Linux using Samba client.

        In this article, we will be learning how to install and configure samba file sharing on Ubuntu 20.04. Ubuntu 20.04 will be configured as the Samba server then we can access the files with either Windows or Linux clients.

      • How to Set Up NFS Server and Client on Ubuntu 20.04

        NFS (Network File System) is a distributed file system protocol that allows a user on a client computer to access files over a computer network much like local storage is accessed. It is a popular, cross-platform and distributed file system protocol used to export local file systems over the network so that clients can share directories and files with others over a network and interact with them as though they are mounted locally. This distributed file system protocol allows a user on a client computer to access files over a network in the same way they would access a local storage file. Because it is an open standard, anyone can implement the protocol.

        Ubuntu 20.04 supports NFS version 3(NFSv3) and 4(NFSv4). The default NFS version is 4.2 which features support for Access Control Lists (ACLs), server-side copy, sparse files, space reservation, labeled NFS, layout enhancements, and much more.

        In this guide, we will learn how to install and configure the NFS Server and NFS client on Ubuntu 20.04.

      • Hwo to install NextCloud on Rocky Linux 8 – Linux Shout

        Step by step tutorial to install NextCloud on Rocky Linux 8 for personal cloud storage to store media files and documents using the internet from anywhere; using smartphone or desktop app.

      • How to set up ssh public key password-less on FreeBSD

        SSH is an essential tool for login into the FreeBSD Unix box. Without SSH, you cannot manage a remote server easily. Furthermore, SSH means secure shell, and it is a replacement for insecure protocols such as telnet. This page explains how to configure and set up ssh key-based password-less authentication on a FreeBSD server or workstation.

      • How to resolve the MFA entity already exists error

        As an administrator, you need to delete the MFA device (yes even if says not assigned) using AWS CLI. The performer needs to have IAM permission iam:DeleteVirtualMFADevice on to the given resource to update the IAM user’s MFA.

      • How to install QEMU 6 on Ubuntu 21.10 – NextGenTips

        In this tutorial, we are going to learn how to install and configure QEMU 6 on Ubuntu 21.10.

        QEMU is a free and open-source hypervisor, it emulates the machine’s processor through dynamic binary translation and provides a set of different hardware and device models for the machine, enabling it to run a variety of guest operating systems.

        QEMU is capable of emulating a complete machine in software without the need for hardware virtualization support. It is also capable of providing userspace API virtualization for Linux and BSD kernel services. It is commonly invoked indirectly via libvirt library when using open source applications such as oVirt, OpenStack, and virt-manager.

      • How to install Mattermost on Alma Linux 8

        Mattermost is a free, open-source, and secure platform for communication, collaboration, and workflow orchestration across tools and teams. It is a self-hosted chat service designed for organizations and companies to implement an internal chat service. It offers several useful features including one-to-one messaging, unlimited search history, file sharing, two-factor authentication, notifications, and more. If you are looking for an alternate solution for Slack then Mattermost is the best choice for you.

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Mattermost with Nginx on Alma Linux 8.

      • Linux Sleep Command – ByteXD

        The sleep command is useful for delaying a script for a specified amount of time. In Linux or Unix-like operating systems, most programmers use the sleep command when they need to stop the execution of a particular command or bash script after the specified number of intervals.

        By default, it takes intervals in seconds but, we can also use the small suffix such as seconds (s), minutes (h), days (d) that will further convert into other formats. The delay amount with the sleep command is specified by a number.

        In this article, we’ll demonstrate how to use the Linux sleep command on our system with the help of various examples.

      • Let’s build a snap together – a complex snapcraft.yaml walkthrough | Ubuntu

        It has been a while since we talked about how to build snaps. In the past, we went through a number of detailed examples, focused on different programming languages and the use of various useful components that can be declared in snapcraft.yaml, like extensions, stage packages, layouts, and more. Today, we want to give you an overview of a fairly complex snap, which should help you get underway in your snap journey. We will take a look at GIMP, a snap maintained under the Snapcrafters umbrella.

    • Games

      • HITMAN 3 arrives on Steam and works flawlessly on Linux with Proton | GamingOnLinux

        Good news for the Steam Deck. IO Interactive have finally put HITMAN 3 on Steam, after the Epic exclusive period has finished and it works out of the box on Linux with Steam Play Proton. Note: personal purchase.

        Concluding the Agent 47 saga, the Steam release of course had its own drama to deal with. While it has been out for a year already on the Epic Store (which doesn’t support Linux at all), it arrived on Steam at full price which has rubbed a lot of people the wrong way. Add to that the thoroughly confusing and long list of packages for HITMAN 3, plus Humble Store being required to separate between Epic / Steam (with the Epic version at 50% off but Steam is not) – the result added together was not a good one for IO.

      • Need for Speed: Hot Pursuit Remastered Review on Linux – Boiling Steam

        The need for speed. It’s kind of hard to believe this series dates back almost 30 years ago. Even before the series came into existence for the 3DO in late 1994, EA had bought the company responsible for it, Distinctive Software, in 1991. Still, despite the criticism we tend to give EA for their greedy practices, there’s a gem from them that I hold dear to my heart: Need for Speed: Hot Pursuit.

        Maybe you’re fed up with the cops. You understand that their job is to ensure the peace of the county that they’re in, but perhaps you don’t trust them, or you find them cold, rude. Or you’re left scratching your head as to why you got pulled over for having a “dim license plate light” when in reality there’s nothing wrong with either you or your car, and now you’re late for work.

        Now let’s flip it the other way around: perhaps you’re a cop yourself (or you used to be one). You feel like no one appreciates the hard, risky work that you put forth in maintaining order. You’re tired of the nasty people you have to put up with when you pull them over.

      • The Ascent: A Cyberpunk 2077 Replacement? – Boiling Steam

        One of the most interesting games last year — and not without its own share of controversies — seems to be regarded from many as a worthy alternative, if not an outright substitute, for the disappointment that Cyberpunk 2077 was. In a similar setting but with Aliens, an “indentured” — an indebted individual forced to work for a big corporation — arrives on Planet Veles, and suddenly afterwards the corporation, The Ascent Group, goes bankrupt and all Hell goes loose. You have to investigate and find your way on this big metropolis, and defend yourself in the struggles for power happening in the aftermath. Comparing this to the CD Projekt game might seem absurd from the start, because although it is an Action RPG, it uses a completely different visual approach — not first-person like Cyberpunk, not even third-person like, say, Spiders Studio The Technomancer, but in a bird’s eye view, which is sometimes called “isometric” (technically, it’s not, but the term caught on), like Diablo, Titan Quest or Path of Exile.

      • Sauerbraten Is An Insanely Fun First Person Shooter – Invidious

        Sauerbraten is a free multiplayer and singleplayer first person shooter that is the successor of the old Cube FPS. Much like the original Cube, the aim of this game is fun, old school deathmatch gameplay and also to allow map/geometry editing to be done cooperatively in-game.

      • ArmA 3 & S.O.G. Prairie Fire DLC – Welcome to the Jungle II
      • Game devs don’t seem convinced on the Steam Deck from the GDC 2022 survey | GamingOnLinux

        The annual game developer survey from GDC is out now for 2022 and it has some interesting insights as usual. That includes thoughts on the upcoming Steam Deck, with it clearly not selling everyone.

        Having a little browse through it today and here’s a few things to stuck out to me. For starters, of the ~2,700 developers surveyed about 7% said they are currently developing for Linux. Interestingly, 8% said their next project would be developed for Linux. When it comes to what platform developers are most interested in, Linux sat at 7%. As expected all three of those saw “PC” as the top platform, which by that they of course mean specifically Windows.

        Stadia, Google’s once promising cloud gaming solution doesn’t seem to be really getting any love with it seeing 3-5% in those same questions. Streaming just doesn’t seem all that popular with developers, with even Xbox Project xCloud (now just called Xbox Cloud Gaming) also seeing pretty low percentage interest from developers.

        Browser-based gaming is here to stay though, as according to the survey it seems 9-11% of developers are currently doing it or planning to do it.

      • The Steam Deck is about to ship and will not be DELAYED AGAIN. – Invidious

        The Steam Deck’s final hardware has been spotted in both official–and non-official channels. This is the real, honest-to-goodness retail design and not a developer console. The Deck’s about to ship, ladies and gentleman! In other news, the Steam Deck’s shipping cost is included in the price listed on the preorder page.

      • Make a video game with Bitsy | Opensource.com

        There are many game design programs and many different possible approaches to game design, but for me, the one that stands out is Bitsy. Created by Adam Le Doux in 2017 and released under an MIT license, Bitsy is, in the words of its creator: “A little editor for little games or worlds. The goal is to make it easy to make games where you can walk around, talk to people, and be somewhere.”

      • Install XanMod Kernel on elementary OS 6.0/6.1 – LinuxCapable

        XanMod is a free, open-source general-purpose Linux Kernel alternative to the stock kernel with elementary OS. It features custom settings and new features and is built to provide a responsive and smooth desktop experience, especially for new hardware.

        XanMod is popular amongst Linux Gaming, streaming, and ultra-low latency requirements and often boasts the latest Linux Kernels before landing on most distributions. Most desktop users are not even into gaming but want a new kernel for better hardware support, making XanMod one of the more popular choices.

        Installing a third-party kernel may be for you for users seeking to have their system kernel up to date and not wanting to install kernels or use the testing/unstable repositories manually.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install the latest XanMod Kernel on elementary OS 6.xx.

      • Ubuntu Budgie 22.04 Has A Special Surprise For Linux Gamers

        Ubuntu Budgie is one of several Ubuntu “flavors,” and distinguishes itself from Ubuntu proper by using the Budgie desktop environment, and incorporating lightweight applets that extend functionality and features.

        Helpful, Out Of The Box

        It’s an elegant Linux distribution making a concerted effort to be as user-friendly as possible. This begins with an attractive Welcome app that appears after the OS is installed. “Budgie Welcome” aggregates a treasure trove of information, settings and software that are incredibly helpful to have at first-run.

        Whether you want to update your GPU driver, select a default browser, customize your desktop theme, configure backups, add extra functionality, learn keyboard shortcuts, or get involved with the community, the options are there and they’re smartly organized.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • System76′s COSMIC Desktop Panel Looks Refreshing! – It’s FOSS News

        The development work for System76’s exciting new Rust-based COSMIC desktop is now underway.

        While we already tried it out using the early code available, we get to see more of it now. Thanks to some prototypes available in its GitHub repository and a Figma document, we get to see more of it!

        Notably, we get to see the top panel and the system tray as you would expect in the COSMIC desktop.

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • Reviving and reworking the KRunner help

          Currently KRunner does not provide any usage information itself, there is only an bit of documentation on the user base wiki. Back in the KDE4 days KRunner had help button, but fundamental changes in the architecture meant that the code could not simply be ported to the current version.

          Since the help system required reimplementation, it was decided to implement it as a plugin for KRunner’s powerful plugin infrastructure.
          This plugin produces results when one types ? or help. To make this more discoverable a button is added, which puts the text ? in the search field.

    • Distributions

      • Linuxfx 11.1 Released

        Linuxfx version 11.1 has been released. Linuxfx is a Brazilian Linux distribution. Linuxfx is based on Ubuntu loaded with an intuitive Cinnamon desktop user interface. Linuxfx natively brings the Edge browser, Teams, Skype, PowerShell, Office Online, Code, and more. Linuxfx lets you run Android games and apps. Linuxfx personal assistant uses Google assistant technology to help you hear and execute your voice commands quickly and efficiently.

      • You Can Now Install 64-Bit EndeavourOS ARM on the Raspberry Pi 4

        EndeavourOS founder Bryan Poerwo announced today that there’s a new version of the EndeavourOS ARM installation script that lets you install the Arch Linux-based distribution on several SBCs, which now offers a 64-bit installation option for Raspberry Pi 4 models.

        This is possible thanks to the use of the 64-bit kernel from the official Raspberry Pi OS developed by the Raspberry Pi Foundation. The 64-bit installation option is available alongside the 32-bit installation option and adds support for USB storage devices and the Linux 5.15 kernel series.

      • SUSE/OpenSUSE

        • Tools Strace, BusyBox Update in Tumbleweed – openSUSE News

          openSUSE Tumbleweed had a variety of package updates in smaller snapshots throughout this week.

          A few things being prepared for Tumbleweed is that the Linux Kernel 5.16.1 was scheduled for check in and pre-integration tests for GNU Compiler Collection 12 have been started; the rolling release anticipates a merge of GCC 12 in mid-Spring.

          The latest Tumbleweed snapshot, 20220117, updated Italian translations for libstorage-ng 4.4.75 and added python-rpm-macros for building the package. Haskell support was dropped in the thrift 0.15.0 package, which is a scalable cross-language service framework for Remote Procedure Call and Inter-Process Communication. No changelogs were provided for the plugins package written in Rust called gstreamer-plugins-rs. The remaining packages in the snapshot were all Python Package Index updates. Among the key PyPI packages to point out is the major version update of python-unicodedata2 14.0.0, which dropped support for End of Life Python 2.7 and 3.5 and added support for Python 3.9, 3.10 and PyPy3. A Tumbleweed arm 20220118 snapshot was release updating the same package listed above.

        • openSUSE Tumbleweed – Review of the week 2022/03

          Dear Tumbleweed users and hackers,

          7 days have passed since my last review – and as many snapshots have been released since then too. And this even includes my error of one day performing the check-in ‘slightly too late’ (i.e. past midnight). That’s the reason that 0119 did not exist. The check-in was too late and it was already January 20th by then. The snapshots released were numbered 0113, 0114, 0115, 0116, 0117, 0118, and 0120.

        • SUSE Releases CentOS Replacement Liberty Linux

          SUSE has released Liberty Linux, which joins the ranks of Rocky Linux and AlmaLinux as a replacement for the discontinued CentOS Linux.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Fedora Community Blog: CPE Weekly Update – Week of January 17th – 22nd
        • Friday’s Fedora Facts: 2022-03 – Fedora Community Blog

          Here’s your weekly Fedora report. Read what happened this week and what’s coming up. Your contributions are welcome (see the end of the post)!

          I have weekly office hours on Wednesdays in the morning and afternoon (US/Eastern time) in #fedora-meeting-1. Drop by if you have any questions or comments about the schedule, Changes, elections, or anything else. See the upcoming meetings for more information.

        • Architecting the way: Andrew Block

          One of Andrew Block’s favorite things about Red Hat? Being able to contribute back to the open source community. He says, “As long as you are innovating and making yourself better, let’s go ahead and work better together.”

          Block is among the first Distinguished Architects at Red Hat. Distinguished Architects are senior-level technical contributors who’ve continued to advance in their careers working directly with customers and applying experience and knowledge of Red Hat technologies.

          We had a chance to chat with Block about his experience working with Red Hat customers and the innovation that architects can help bring to their organizations.

        • Meet Red Hat’s bankers: Insights from Monica Sasso

          As you sit in a meeting room (virtual or in-person), take a moment to think through the perspectives, experiences and insights of those around you being brought to that meeting.

          We did just that and quickly realized the wealth of knowledge from our colleagues at the table from around the world, who were former financial services leaders. Our “bankers,” as we call them, have a broad and deep understanding of financial services because they’ve experienced it first-hand.

        • Copr – look back at 2021

          We did eight releases of Mock.

          We moved Mock’s wiki to GitHub Pages to allow indexing by search engines https://rpm-software-management.github.io/mock/ and created a Fedora-based Jekyll container for local documentation testing (https://github.com/praiskup/jekyll-github-pages-fedora-container).

        • Contribute at the Fedora Linux 36 Test Week for Kernel 5.16

          The kernel team is working on final integration for kernel 5.16. This version was just recently released, and will arrive soon in Fedora. As a result, the Fedora kernel and QA teams have organized a test week from Sunday, January 23, 2022 through Sunday, January 29, 2022. Refer to the wiki page for links to the test images you’ll need to participate. Read below for details.

        • Irving Wladawsky-Berger: A Blockchain-based Framework for Safeguarding the Integrity of Real-World Assets

          Blockchains first came to light in 2008 as the architecture underpinning bitcoin, the best known and most widely held cryptocurrency. It’s a truly brilliant architecture built on decades-old fundamental research in cryptography, distributed data, game theory and other advanced technologies. The blockchain’s original vision was limited to enabling bitcoin users to transact directly with each other with no need for a financial institution or government agency to certify the validity of the transactions. But, like the Internet and other transformative technologies, blockchain has now transcended its original objectives.

          Blockchains are a kind of distributed ledger technologies (DLT), which also include non-blockchain DLTs. Over the past decade, an increasing number of people, including me, consider blockchains and DLTs as major next steps in the evolution of the Internet. In 2016 the World Economic Forum (WEF) named The Blockchain in its annual list of Top Ten Emerging Technologies citing its potential to fundamentally change the way markets and governments work. “Like the Internet, the blockchain is an open, global infrastructure upon which other technologies and applications can be built,” said the WEF. “And like the Internet, it allows people to bypass traditional intermediaries in their dealings with each other, thereby lowering or even eliminating transaction costs.”

        • Flathub to verify first-party apps and allow developers to collect monies | GamingOnLinux

          Flathub and Flatpak packages are the future of Linux apps according to more people and GNOME are continuing to invest in it. They have some big plans to improve it too.

          Writing in a new blog post on the GNOME Foundation website, they went over a number of things and not just Flathub related but that’s what we’re going to focus on for this article. The plans actually sounds pretty good!

          Firstly, Flathub is going to gain a way to process and verify apps from first-party teams. As in, developers who directly publish their app and manage the Flatpak package process for Flathub. A way to actually properly distinguish official apps from community builds will be quite important for so many reasons (security, privacy and so on). Not only that but GNOME want to give developers a way to collect donations and subscriptions too, which is also important to help make it more sustainable. Sounds like it’s possible a way will be added for developers to share some of the revenue with Flathub too, ensuring it too is sustainable.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • Ubuntu MATE 21.10 Released for the GPD Pocket 3 Tiny Computer

          Ubuntu MATE 21.10 was released on October 14th, 2021, for 64-bit computers as part of the Ubuntu 21.10 (Impish Indri) release. It comes with the latest MATE 1.26 desktop environment with support for guest sessions, as well as the RedShift app pre-installed for adjusting the color temperature of your screen.

          After several months of hard work, Martin Wimpress finally managed to release Ubuntu MATE 21.10 for owners of the GPD Pocket 3 computer, an 8-inch mini-laptop with 2-in-1 design, making most of the device’s hardware work flawlessly, and also adding some specific functionality.

        • Ubuntu MATE 21.10 for GPD Pocket 3

          In what has become something of a tradition, the Ubuntu MATE team have released images for the GPD Pocket 3 modular handheld PC. Many thanks to the team at GPD for providing sample hardware for us to work with!

        • Ubuntu 21.04 (Hirsute Hippo) End of Life reached on January 20 2022

          As of January 20, 2022, Ubuntu 21.04 is no longer supported. No more package updates will be accepted to 21.04, and it will be archived to old-releases.ubuntu.com in the coming weeks.

          The original End of Life warning follows, with upgrade instructions:

          Ubuntu announced its 21.04 (Hirsute Hippo) release almost 9 months ago, on April 22, 2021, and its support period is now nearing its end. Ubuntu 21.04 will reach end of life on January 20, 2022.

          At that time, Ubuntu Security Notices will no longer include information or updated packages for Ubuntu 21.04.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Web Browsers

        • Mozilla

          • Here is what is new in Firefox 96.0.2

            Mozilla released Firefox 96.0.2 to the Stable channel on January 20, 2022. The new version of the browser fixes three issues that affect Facebook, LastPass and audio play on Linux.

            Firefox 96.0.2 is already available. Firefox is configured to download and install updates automatically, but users may speed up the process by selecting Menu > Help > About Firefox. The window that opens displays the current version of the browser. A check is run to find out if an update is available; if that is the case, it is downloaded and installed automatically on the system.

            The official release notes list three fixes…

    • Standards/Consortia

      • 10 Audio File Formats That Didn’t Make It

        A couple months ago, on a lark, I came up with a list of obscure image formats, most of which were not particularly known outside of specialist circles or by collectors. But the post was successful, and as a result, some of those specialists got upset with me about some of my choices. Now, if I were a normal person, I would cut my losses and say, well, maybe I shouldn’t tempt fate again and let angry bloggers or developers question my choices. But I’m not a normal person, so I’m going to list off a bunch of audio formats that have fallen into the path of obscurity, but someone is bound to inevitably love, destroying my thesis. (Seriously, though, that last post led me to create parameters around what I define as “obscure” in this context. Those parameters are located here.) Today’s Tedium dives into audio file formats that time forgot, except for that one guy who is ready to defend WMA to the death.

        [...]

        While RealNetworks’ tie to MusicNet also had DRM baked in, Microsoft tended to have the leverage thanks to its ownership of Windows, and WMA was used in numerous successors to its early DRM music store Pressplay, including Napster and the Zune Music Store.

        But as the music industry moved away from DRM-laden music stores and towards audio files reliant on open standards, WMA’s value proposition began to fade; at one point, Microsoft even released a version of Windows 10 that actually disabled the DRM’ed files from being played anymore. If that doesn’t describe an “audio file format that didn’t make it,” I can’t tell you what does.

  • Leftovers

    • Casually Chirping Into The World Of LoRaWAN | Hackaday

      While wireless communications are unquestionably useful in projects, common wireless protocols such as WiFi and Bluetooth peter out after only a number of meters, which is annoying when your project is installed in the middle of nowhere. Moving to an LTE-based or similar mobile solution can help with the range, but this does not help when there’s poor cell coverage, and it tends to use more power. Fortunately, for low-bitrate, low-power wide-area networks (LPWAN) like e.g. sensor networks, there’s a common solution in the form of LoRaWAN, as in long-range wide area network (WAN).

      The proprietary LoRa RF modulation technique that underlies LoRaWAN is based on Chirp Spread Spectrum (CSS). This modulation technique is highly resistant to channel noise and fading as well as Doppler shift, enabling it to transmit using relatively low power for long distances. LoRaWAN builds on top of the physical layer provided by LoRa to then create the protocol that devices can then use to communicate with other LoRa devices.

      Courtesy of global LoRaWAN gateway and software providers such as The Things Industries and ThingSpeak, it’s possible even as a hobbyist to set up a LoRaWAN-powered sensor network with minimal cost. Let’s take take a look at exactly what is involved in setting up LoRaWAN devices, and what possible alternatives to LoRaWAN might be considered.

    • Flying Sausage Rescues Pooch, Drone Pilots Save The Day | Hackaday

      When we write about drone stories from the United Kingdom, they often have a slightly depressing air to them as we relate tales of unverified air proximity reports closing airports or bungled official investigations that would make the Keystone Kops look like competent professionals.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • This Week In Security: NetUSB, HTTP.sys, And 2013’s CVE Is Back | Hackaday

          A serious problem has been announced in Windows Server 2019 and Windows 10, with some versions vulnerable in their default configurations. The problem is in how Windows handles HTTP Trailer packets, which contain extra information at the end of normal HTTP transfers. There is a PoC available that demonstrates a crash. It appears that an additional information leak vulnerability would have to be combined with this one to produce a true exploit. This seems to be a different take on CVE-2021-31166, essentially exploiting the same weakness, and working around the incomplete fix. This issue was fixed in the January patch set for Windows, so make sure you’re covered.

        • CISA Adds Four Known Exploited Vulnerabilities to Catalog | CISA

          CISA has added four new vulnerabilities to its Known Exploited Vulnerabilities Catalog, based on evidence that threat actors are actively exploiting the vulnerabilities listed in the table below. These types of vulnerabilities are a frequent attack vector for malicious cyber actors of all types and pose significant risk to the federal enterprise.

        • McAfee Releases Security Update for McAfee Agent for Windows  | CISA

          McAfee has released McAfee Agent for Windows version 5.7.5, which addresses vulnerabilities CVE-2021-31854 and CVE-2022-0166. An attacker could exploit these vulnerabilities to take control of an affected system.

        • Security

          • Nasty Linux kernel bug found and fixed | ZDNet

            In this one, there’s a heap overflow bug in the legacy_parse_param in the Linux kernel’s fs/fs_context.c program. This parameter is used in Linux filesystems during superblock creation for mount and superblock reconfiguration for a remount. The superblock records all of a filesystem’s characteristics such as file size, block size, empty and filled storage blocks. So, yeah, it’s important.

            The legacy_parse_param() “PAGE_SIZE – 2 – size” calculation was mistakenly made an unsigned type. This means a large value of “size” results in a high positive value instead of a negative value as expected. Whoops.

            This, in turn, meant you copy data beyond the memory slab allocated for it. And, as all programmers know, writing beyond the memory your program is supposed to have access to is a terrible thing.

          • Ubuntu has a pretty serious security flaw, so patch now | TechRadar

            Cybersecurity researchers have discovered a major flaw in one of Linux’s most popular distros – Ubuntu, and are urging all users to patch immediately.

            As reported on Ubuntu’s website, two researchers – William Luil and Jamila Hill-Daniel – discovered a vulnerability that allows malicious actors to crash the system, or run software in administrator mode.

            The vulnerability, tracked as CVE-2022-0185, allegedly affects all of the Ubuntu releases that are still being supported. That includes Ubuntu 21.10 Impish Indri with Linux kernel 5.13, Ubuntu 21.04 Hirsute Hippo with Linux kernel 5.11, Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa, and Ubuntu 18.04 LTS Bionic Beaver, both with Linux kernel 5.4 LTS.

          • Red Hat, Ubuntu issue warnings over Linux kernel vulnerability

            Red Hat and Ubuntu have issued warnings about a serious vulnerability in their Linux distributions.

            It’s described as a heap-based buffer overflow flaw (CVE 2022-0185). According to Ubuntu, the file system context functionality in the Linux kernel contained an integer underflow vulnerability, leading to an out-of-bounds write. A local attacker could use this to cause a denial of service (system crash) or execute arbitrary code.

            As The Register notes, the discovery also comes as Ubuntu 21.04 reached end of life, so rather than apply Ubutu’s mitigation to servers running this version, Linux admins should upgrade them to version 21.10, and apply a patch to it.

          • Looking At The New “Critical” Security Firmware Update Hitting Systems – Delivers New Intel Microcode – Phoronix

            Earlier this week the Linux Vendor Firmware Service began surging with activity following many new system firmware files being uploaded for what appears to be a “high severity upcoming security issue” but currently undisclosed. That issue hasn’t been made public yet, but after poking around it is updating the Intel CPU microcode.

            After that earlier article, Red Hat’s Richard Hughes who is the lead LVFS/fwupd lead developer commented that they shipped more than 156,000 firmware updates to end-users in a single day. The day after they were still at around twice their usual volume. For hardware with LVFS support for firmware updates, it’s been a busy week but that only covers a small portion of the hardware out there.

          • Security updates for Friday [LWN.net]

            Security updates have been issued by Debian (aide, flatpak, kernel, libspf2, and usbview), Fedora (kernel, libreswan, nodejs, texlive-base, and wireshark), openSUSE (aide, cryptsetup, grafana, permissions, rust1.56, and stb), SUSE (aide, apache2, cryptsetup, grafana, permissions, rust1.56, and webkit2gtk3), and Ubuntu (aide, thunderbird, and usbview).

          • Rust 1.58.1 released

            Anybody who upgraded to the recent Rust 1.58.0 release will probably want to move on to Rust 1.58.1; among other things it contains a fix for a security vulnerability in the standard library. “We recommend all users to update their toolchain immediately and rebuild their programs with the updated compiler”.

          • Reproducible Builds (diffoscope): diffoscope 201 released

            The diffoscope maintainers are pleased to announce the release of diffoscope version 201. This version includes the following changes:

            [ Chris Lamb ]
            * If the debian.deb822 module raises any exception on import, re-raise it as
              an ImportError instead. This should fix diffoscope on some Fedora systems.
              Thanks to Mattia Rizzolo for suggesting this particular solution.
              (Closes: reproducible-builds/diffoscope#300)
            
            [ Zbigniew Jędrzejewski-Szmek ]
            * Fix json detection with file-5.41-3.fc36.x86_64.
            

    • Environment

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DecorWhat Else is New


  1. Links 22/05/2022: Rock64 and Peppermint OS Release

    Links for the day



  2. [Meme] UPC is Always Next Year (and Next Year It'll Surely be the Year After That)

    The UPC will come “next year”, just like every year (since almost a decade ago) just because the lunatic promises so and crushes the law, quite frankly as usual, cusioned and protected by the UPC lobby



  3. UPC: Turning Patent Lawyers Into Liars and the Media Into Their Money-Grabbing Megaphone (Platform for Fake News)

    The above 26 screenshots (with necessary annotation added) hopefully illuminate the degree of deceit, manipulation, bribery and distortion of public discourse (fake news and advocacy of patently unlawful activities)



  4. Number of Working/Online Gemini Capsules, Known to Totally Legit Gemini Search (TLGS) and to Lupa, Exceeds 2,500

    Assuming that Lupa reduced its crawling capacity (this graph seems to confirm this), we’ve decided to aggregate data from 3 sources and assess the size of Geminispace; Lupa says it can see 1,947 active capsules, but there are many more it has not kept track of



  5. [Meme] Monopoly Tony

    The gentlest, kindest president the EPO ever had



  6. It Took Campinos Three or More Years to Undo Illegal Battistelli Actions on Boards of Appeal and Strike Regulations (Only After Losing at ILO-AT!), But He Does Not Mention That

    Let’s all remember that as the EPO‘s so-called ‘President’ António Campinos (Monopoly Tony) vigorously defended completely unlawful actions of Benoît Battistelli until courts compelled him to stop doing that (Strike Regulations); notice how, in the video above — a portion of this full clip from several months ago — he did not bother mentioning that for 3.5 years that he had “led” the Office the Boards of Appeal were in exile, in direct violation of the EPC, yet nobody is being held accountable for it



  7. IRC Proceedings: Saturday, May 21, 2022

    IRC logs for Saturday, May 21, 2022



  8. Links 22/05/2022: Free Software Developments in Bratislava

    Links for the day



  9. Gemini is the Direction the Paginated Internet Should Have Taken (Not Bloated Web With JavaScript and DRM)

    An update on Gemini and why you might wish to explore it (if you aren't using it already)



  10. EPO.org Now Openly Brags About Making Illegal Patents a Welcomed Part of the Examination Guidelines

    The EPO persists in illegal, unlawful agenda; it's even finding the audacity to advertise this in the official Web site



  11. Links 21/05/2022: Security Blunders and Microsoft Posturing

    Links for the day



  12. Links 21/05/2022: GitLab at Fedora and Pipewire in Next Ubuntu

    Links for the day



  13. Links 21/05/2022: HP Teams up with System76

    Links for the day



  14. IRC Proceedings: Friday, May 20, 2022

    IRC logs for Friday, May 20, 2022



  15. Links 20/05/2022: Thunderbird Revenue Rising

    Links for the day



  16. Outsourcing Sites to Social Control Media is an Outdated Mindset in 2022

    Centralised or federated censorship/filtering platforms (also known as "social [control] media" [sic]) aren't the way forward; we're therefore a little surprised that Linux Weekly News (LWN) bothers with that languishing bandwagon all of a sudden



  17. Links 20/05/2022: Plasma's Latest Beta in Kubuntu 22.04, Kapow 1.6.0 Released

    Links for the day



  18. Turkey's Migration to Pardus Linux and LibreOffice Explained 2 Months Ago in LibrePlanet

    This talk by Hüseyin GÜÇ was uploaded under the title “Real world GNU/Linux story from Istanbul”



  19. In Turkey, Windows Market Share is Down to Almost Nothing, 'Linux' is About Two Thirds of the Connected Devices

    Watch this graph of Windows going down from around 99.5% to just 11.55% this month



  20. The Lies and Delusions of António Campinos

    Monopolies and American corporations (and their lawyers) are a priority for today's EPO, Europe's second-largest institution



  21. Links 20/05/2022: Fedora BIOS Boot SIG

    Links for the day



  22. Links 20/05/2022: Oracle Linux 8.6 and VMware Security Crisis

    Links for the day



  23. IRC Proceedings: Thursday, May 19, 2022

    IRC logs for Thursday, May 19, 2022



  24. Links 19/05/2022: Rust 1.61.0 and Lots of Security FUD

    Links for the day



  25. EPO Eating Its Own (and Robbing Its Own)

    António Campinos is lying to his staff and losing his temper when challenged about it; Like Benoît Battistelli, who ‘fixed’ this job for his banker buddy (despite a clear lack of qualifications and relevant experience), he’s just robbing the EPO’s staff (even pensioners!) and scrubbing the EPC for ill-gotten money, which is in turn illegally funneled into financialization schemes



  26. [Meme] EPO Budget Tanking?

    While the EPO‘s António Campinos incites people (and politicians) to break the law he’s also attacking, robbing, and lying to his own staff; thankfully, his staff isn’t gullible enough and some MEPs are sympathetic; soon to follow is a video and publication about the EPO’s systematic plunder (ETA midnight GMT)



  27. EPO.org (Official EPO Site) Continues to Promote Illegal Agenda and Exploit Ukraine for PR Stunts That Help Unaccountable Crooks

    epo.org has been turned into a non-stop propaganda machine of Benoît Battistelli and António Campinos because the EPO routinely breaks the law; it’s rather tasteless that while Ukrainians are dying the EPO’s mob exploits Ukraine for PR purposes



  28. [Meme] EPO Applicants Unwittingly Fund the War on Ukraine

    As we’ve just shown, António Campinos is desperately trying to hide a massive EPO scandal



  29. EPO Virtue-Signalling on the Ukrainian Front

    António Campinos persists in attention-shifting dross and photo ops; none of that can change the verifiable facts about the EPO’s connections to Lukashenko’s 'science park' in Minsk



  30. Links 19/05/2022: PostgreSQL 15 Beta 1 and Plasma 5.25 Beta

    Links for the day


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