It was only several hours ago that this mailing list thread came to our attention. Therein, Mark Shuttleworth addresses a post from Boycott Novell. An anonymous reader took it upon himself to respond to it. His response is quoted below in full. Context and background can be found here.
“FOSS distros shouldn’t be a vector for licensing problems…”If Mark Shuttleworth wants to be unambiguous about it, he needs to state “is not and shall not” make a deal for closed codecs. I know that comes close to splitting hairs, but his answer will help prevent unpleasant surprises.
If he’s dealing with proprietary codecs, or general Microsoft technology, he should be wise from the mistakes of others: there’s a trail of out of work CEOs that thought that their company should remain “willing to work with Microsoft, under reasonable and transparent conditions, to further goals that we share” e.g.
“I once preached peaceful coexistence with Windows. You may laugh at my expense — I deserve it.”
–Be’s CEO Jean-Louis Gassée
Mark’s not dumb. He shouldn’t try to act dumb. Just how would Canonical survive a deal with Microsoft when no other company to-date has?
However, that’s not as concrete as the mono infection which is listed on the project page:
Subnotebooks, especially those with small HDs or SSDs don’t have 100′s of GB to spare for mono-bloat for just a few packages. Subnotebooks, especially those with low power CPUs don’t have the gigacycles to deal with mono’s bloat spaghetti code. FOSS distros shouldn’t be a vector for licensing problems, like the ones still unresolved after (10?) years of mono.
Note mono infection:
$ apt-cache depends f-spot
I fought to mention that subnotebooks are often being used in environments/situations where the instability caused by mono causes more harm than in more relaxed situations. █
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Turn competitor into own cash cow, make it more expensive and thus less desirable
We haven’t sufficient time to write about this in great depth at the moment, but there are various developments in Europe which readers ought to know about. These affect handling of software patents, Free software, and open standards.
Over in the IRC channel, we were told a little while earlier: “ECIS confirmed this morning that Microsoft appeals to the ECJ on patents. this is big news because all the press says they appeal on the “fine”, but in fact they just want certainty to tax Samba and Redhat.” This information is based on private talks with ECIS.
Further to this, consider the fact that the Commission is testing a migration to GNU/Linux and has an embargo proposal on its desk. As it turns out, based on a press release, it spends far too much money on software from the very same company it endlessly reprimands.
Microsoft sucks 8,136,000 EUR each year out of the European Commission
Commission pays Microsoft each year 226EUR for its office infrastructure. Commission has approx 36,000 users. Make the math. Commission makes also “open” tenders which prefers Microsoft products.
In the news you are also likely to find some coverage of the talk from Neelie Kroes. The New York Times, which is biased, picks a rather strong headline: E.U. Snubs Microsoft on Office Systems
Ms. Kroes has fought bitterly with Microsoft over the past four years, accusing the U.S. software giant of defying her orders and fining the company nearly $2.68 billion for violating European competition rules. But the speech was her strongest recommendation yet to jettison Microsoft products, which are based on proprietary standards, and to use rival operating systems to run computers.
“I know a smart business decision when I see one — choosing open standards is a very smart business decision indeed,” Ms. Kroes told a conference in Brussels. “No citizen or company should be forced or encouraged to choose a closed technology over an open one.”
You can find the speech here and you can also find a less critical (or moderate) article here.
The EU’s top antitrust official on Tuesday called for governments to favor open-source software for their own use, taking aim at Microsoft Corp. for ‘locking in’ customers to their proprietary technology.
In other news from Europe, recall the Nokia-Ogg disaster and watch the following curious new appointment.
EICTA, the industry body representing the information and communications technology and consumer electronics industries in the European Union announces that Erkki Ormala has been elected as President and Chairman of the Executive Board. Dr. Ormala is Vice President, Technology and Trade Policy of Nokia Corporation where his responsibilities cover political, regulatory, economic, market access and other business environment related issues. The main Eicta policy issues are in his area of responsibility at Nokia. He takes over from Rudy Provoost, who led the organization for the past four years.
Another change in the European patent system was published or at least highlighted by Digital Majority yesterday.
The council of ministers in Belgium has decided last 23rd of May to proceed with the ratification of the London Agreement, in order to scrap the requirement for translations of patents granted in Belgium in Flemish.
In other patent news, you may find of interest the following end of a patent dispute between Acer and H-P.
A patent war erupted between the two companies last year after HP filed patent suits against Acer accusing the Taiwanese PC vendor of infringing on at least 10 HP patents and sought to block Acer PC imports to the U.S.
Also of interest is this case of patent royalty madness.
The justices unanimously said LG could not enforce its memory-technology patents against both Intel and the computer makers that install Intel’s chips in their machines. The judges said LG’s power to extract royalties was “exhausted” by its licensing agreement with Intel, of the United States.
It was covered here as well. [via Groklaw]
Justice Thomas delivered the Supreme Court’s 19–page unanimous decision that provides some new life to the doctrine of patent exhaustion. The opinion reverses the Federal Circuit and holds that under the exhaustion doctrine applies to the authorized sale of components that “substantially embody” a process patent. Here, Intel’s authorized sale of chip components to Quanta exhausted LGE’s patent rights.
Lastly, there’s the WiMAX patent pool, which made a lot of headlines. What would be the impact on Free software?
Six big technology companies are spearheading a plan to jointly license patents that cover the wireless technology called WiMAX hoping to limit royalty rates that could deter customers from using it.
The participants are Cisco Systems Inc., Intel Corp., Samsung Electronics Co., Sprint Nextel Corp., Alcatel-Lucent and Clearwire Corp., according to people familiar with the situation and a document outlining the group’s plans.
They have scheduled a conference call Monday to announce an organization, the Open Patent Alliance, to gather rights to WiMAX-related patents and license them to makers of computers, networking devices and other products, these people said.
Software patents may not be going away so fast. It is very important to ensure that they stay (or get eliminated) in the very few places where these are seen as valid at the moment. █
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According to ISO, the final decision may be months ahead. [via Leif Lodahl]
The two management boards will then decide whether the appeals should be further processed or not. If they decide in favour of proceeding, the chairmen of the two boards are required to establish a conciliation panel which will attempt to resolve the appeals. The process could take several months.
As an article about this development, consider one from the BBC.
Brazil, India, South Africa and Venezuela have complained that there was not enough time given to discuss improvements to the format.
The ratification of OpenXML would be an important seal of approval for Microsoft, which has long been held to task for its failure to embrace open standards.
Government bodies would be more likely to adopt the standard if it had an “open” rubber-stamp as many are concerned that storing documents in a proprietary format could cause problems for future archiving.
The Office OpenXML format was initially approved by the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) in April but will now remain on hold while the appeals are investigated.
This could take several months.
There is a good summary of recent events in the links at the bottom. Until a decision is made, Microsoft will pretend that OOXML is pending approval and is therefore “open”.
Be warned that Microsoft continues to ‘embrace’ (and essentially hijack) what was once known as “open source”. OOXML is part of this shameless charade, but it goes further. Microsoft now takes an authoritative position as ‘open source policeman’, to which the apt reply was (see the comment that slants a headline): “Microsoft Says Open Source Is Nothing without the Source Code – Move Over Richard Stallman.”
Over the past day we have identified some incidents (mentioned in the IRC Channel) where Sharepoint-dependent bits of software are characterised as ‘open source’. The same goes for other such projects that depend on the proprietary Microsoft stack, but that’s a story for another post.
Below we append the ODF Alliance Newsletter for June 2008. █
SOUTH AFRICA, BRAZIL, INDIA, VENEZUELA APPEAL OOXML VOTE; DENMARK PROTESTS; LEGAL CHALLENGE IN UK
South Africa, Brazil, India and Venezuela have officially appealed ISO’s vote on Microsoft’s OOXML (DIS 29500), leaving OOXML in limbo until officials in the ISO/IEC hierarchy determine how to resolve the complaints. South Africa’s appeal cites instances both before and during the Ballot Resolution Meeting held on Feb 25-29 2008 in which the ISO/IEC JTC1 directives were not followed, voices concern over the circumvention of the consensus-building process by large organizations, and challenges the validity of the final vote…Brazil’s appeal raises additional objections to those cited by South Africa, including the failure to allow the Brazilian delegation to present its proposal regarding “legacy” formats and the failure to deliver the final text of DIS 29500 as required under the directives…IEC spokespersons confirmed the receipt of formal appeals from India and Venezuela, though the exact nature of the complaints was not known…Denmark’s Open Source Leverandørforeningen (OSL) lodged an official complaint to the ISO vice president and Danish Standard managing director Jacob Holmblad urging ISO to reconsider OOXML in light of the violation of the directives… The UK’s Unix and Open Systems User Group (UKUUG) mounted a legal challenge to a British Standards Institute decision to approve the fast-tracking of OOXML.
South Africa –
United Kingdom –
ODF ALLIANCE CALLS ON MICROSOFT TO ACT ON ITS COMMITMENT TO IMPLEMENT SUPPORT FOR ODF
In a statement, the ODF Alliance greeted with skepticism Microsoft’s announcement of its intention to include support for ODF in the first half of 2009, noting that “the proof will be whether and when Microsoft’s promised support for ODF is on par with its support for its own format,” while citing the announcement as a reflection of “the strong demand from customers worldwide, especially governments, for access to ODF…”.
ODF Alliance Statement –
ConsortiumInfo.org Analysis –
NEW YORK REPORT RECOMMENDS STATE BEGIN ACCEPTING DOCUMENTS IN OPEN FORMATS, INTEGRATE OPENNESS IN PROCUREMENT POLICIES
A report published by the New York State’s Office of the CIO and the Office for Technology — “A Strategy for Openness: Enhancing E-Records Access in New York State” — concerns issues that feature prominently in the growing public debate over document formats, including choice, cost and mandating in procurement. By far the most thorough review and analysis of the issue to date, the report found that increased numbers of formats for doing the same office tasks increase complexity, add to costs, and do not increase choice. Calling for harmonization between ODF and OOXML, the report concludes that “the use of single, standardized formats increases efficiencies and furthers compatibility and interoperability,” and requests that New York State “be added to the list of those who are asking proprietary vendors to directly support document formats such as ODF or other formats that maintain the same level of ODF’s openness.” The report notes that “despite expressly being asked, not one of the 114 commentators cited a single study finding higher costs after migration to open format solutions.” The report recommends a process culminating in April 2009 that will determine specific changes to procurement policies to “integrate openness… as one of the most desired features” and other requirements to allow state agencies to begin accepting office suite documents in open formats.
New York State Report –
ODF Alliance Statement –
APPEAL LAUNCHED FOR HAGUE DECLARATION ON DIGITAL RIGHTS
A new international group, the Digital Standards Organization (“Digistan”), has launched an appeal for signatories to a declaration calling on governments to: procure only information technology that implements free and open standards; deliver e-government services based exclusively on free and open standards; and use only free and open digital standards in their own activities. The Hague Declaration is premised on the idea that more and more of our basic freedoms (speech, association, assembly, etc..) are exercised on the Internet. Full and effective participation in government and society, and indeed access to public services, education and opportunity, is therefore increasingly dependent upon access to electronic communications. As such, the declaration calls on governments to ensure affordable, equal access to the Internet, recognizing the unique role that free and open digital standards can play in ensuring this result.
JOIN THE PUBLIC DISCUSSION ON ODF IMPLEMENTATION, INTEROPERABILITY, AND CONFORMANCE
Conformance to the ODF specification and interoperability among ODF-supporting applications is essential. You can help. Join the discussion list regarding the creation of a new OASIS ODF Implementation, Interoperability and Conformance (IIC) Technical Committee. Anyone, including OASIS members and non-members, may subscribe to the list by sending a message to: firstname.lastname@example.org. The preliminary statement of scope for the TC includes providing a means for implementers to create applications which adhere to the ODF specification and are able to interoperate. As such, the TC may publish conformance test suites to confirm the interoperability of ODF-supporting applications and produce a set of implementation guidelines, among other deliverables. Discussion on the e-mail list will be open for 90 days.
OASIS OIIC Discussion List –
NEW OR IMPROVED ODF APPLICATIONS SUPPORT
Document to DAISY DTBook Translator v0.0.4 is an OpenOffice.org plug-in for the creation of “talking” DAISY books for people with print impairments –
IBM’s Lotus Symphony 1.0, a suite of free, ODF-supporting software tools for creating and sharing documents, spreadsheets and presentations, now includes an optional, fee-based service to support the needs of organizations –
IBM’s Lotus Foundations Start is a complete, ODF supporting software appliance that provides the essential software a business needs to focus on running the business –
IBM, Novell and Avnet have teamed up to develop IBM Open Collaboration Solution, which uses ODF-supporting software running on Novell’s Suse Linux –
Microsoft announced its intention to provide support for ODF in MS Office 2007 by the middle of 2009 –
ODFXSLTRunner is a new tool in the ODF Toolkit project that allows you to apply an XSLT stylesheet to an ODF document without extracting streams from the ODF package, and without having to update the ODF package files with the result of the transformation –
NEW ALLIANCE MEMBERS
Please welcome the following new member: Network Design & Integration (USA).
XML Standards in Government Workshop [17-20 June 2008, Tshwane Univ. of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa]
Red Hat Summit [18-20 June 2008 - Boston, MA]
OpenOffice.org Conference (OOoCon 2008)[5-7 Nov 2008 - Beijing, China]
ODF IN THE NEWS
N.Y.’s CIO Urges Interoperable, Vendor-Neutral Document Format [K.C. Jones, InformationWeek]
Alliance Weighs In on Microsoft Interoperability in Education [Dave Nagel, The Journal]
NY commits to open formats as MSFT supports ODF [Richard Koman, ZDnet]
Microsoft’s ODF support points to OOXML challenges [Elizabeth Montalbano, IDG News]
Brazil protests ratification of OOXML [Tom Espiner, CNET News.com]
EU will probe Microsoft’s ODF move [Gregg Keizer, ComputerWorld]
Forget file formats. The battle is Sharepoint [Matt Asay]
Louis Suarez-Potts: OOXML Has Zero Effect On ODF [Swapnil Bhartiya, EFY News Network]
OpenOffice 3.0 beta : Can it finally replace Microsoft Office? [Preston Gralla, ComputerWorld]
UK agency says Microsoft hurts student interests [David Lawsky, Reuters]
Eliminating the ‘Software Tax’ by Using ODF [Erwin Tenhumberg, itv.sys-con.com]
Microsoft OOXML: Dead Format Walking [Jason Brooks, eWeek]
Dutch Gov releases Open Source tool: Converts Microsoft docs to ODF [Stewart Meagher, The Inquirer]
IIT Bombay, Microsoft at loggerheads over standards [Leslie D`Monte, Business Standard]
The Embrace, Extend, Extinguish of ODF Begins? – Updated [Groklaw]
The Fall of Microsoft Office [Anders Bylund, The Motley Fool]
IBM to Sell Support for Rival to Microsoft Office [Reuters]
Your Second Economic Stimulus Check Is On Its Way [Phil Shapiro]
From the Campaign for Document Freedom
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Here are some of the latest developments in the OOXML saga. These are minor developments, but nonetheless, they are noteworthy.
Below you can find some concrete proof of the deficiencies of the legal system. Only those who can afford to pursue justice will ever actually see it. On the face of it, financial constraints may stand in a way of unmasking the dodgy process carried out by the BSI.
“The decision to publish or not ISO/IEC DIS 29500 as an ISO/IEC International Standard cannot be taken until the outcome of the appeals is known,” said an ISO statement on Thursday. 29500 refers to Microsoft’s standard.
Williams said there was still a case for the UKUUG’s appeal on the grounds that there had been “procedural irregularities” in the BSI’s decision to back OOXML. The BSI had supported the Microsoft standard after clearing a consensus vote in its favour among members. The UKUUG told the court there had been no consensus because one member, IBM’s Ian Larner, had abstained after long opposition to OOXML’s ratification.
For some information about what the BSI did, see:
Based on sources of ours, Alex Brown too was involved in the BSI this time around. Alex Brown [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21] is meanwhile planning to deliver
the his truth on this subject, so he rightly gets criticised early on.
Your description seems to imply that somehow you, unlike others, can deliver the truth. In all fairness you should recognize that whatever you say is your own view and is subject to the same level of questioning as what anybody else says. You don’t own the truth more than anybody else and what is considered information by one can be seen as misinformation by others.
For example, you’ve generated your own share of misinformation with your claims about ODF compliance that are disputed by Rob Weir.
This talk is due to take place in the UK. What story will he tell? We have seen many times before how Microsoft rewrites history (whitewashing) to bury its embarrassing stories of sheer corruption. The ISO, unsurprisingly, just follows this herd.
South Africa was one of the nations that appealed against ISO’s decision. There will soon be an XML workshop over there. Here are the names of those who will attend.
Participants will include representatives from government, universities, research organisations and the private sector. The South African Burea of Standards, which lodged the first official appeal against the ISO process to make Microsoft’s OOXML an international standard, will also be participating.
Microsoft South Africa, IBM, Sun Microsystems and the Meraka Institute are sponsors of the event and entry to all the workshop and tutorial sessions will be free to the public.
Patrick Durusau is the editor of OpenDocument Format (ODF) 1.2 at OASIS, while Rob Weir is the co-chair of the OASIS ODF Technical Committe. Steve Pepper is represented Norway on ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 34, the ISO subcommittee for document description languages, since 1995, and convened the Topic Maps Working Group since it was founded.
There may be some more information in this article.
The other day we mentioned very briefly the departure of Microsoft’s managing director in India. Possible reasons for this are finally approaching the surface.
Neelam Dhawan, Managing Director of Microsoft India, will leave the company as of 30 June. Some media sources cite the Indian ooxml debacle as a reason.
In relation to the failure of Microsoft India to get a positive vote outcome Neelam Dhawan’s bail out casts a negative light on the company. If standard setting gets performance based and a standard is not let through due to its technical merits but the fear of managing staff to lose its position it comes at no surprise that the management will fight with all means for the adoption of suboptimal solutions. Microsoft India even filed a complaint against the standard body No vote that caused the outrage.
For detailed information about what happened in India, see the links at the bottom. Here is a photo from a protest which this series of scandals from Microsoft India eventually led to. █
From the Campaign for Document Freedom
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