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Links 07/01/2023: GNUnet 0.19.2 and Nobara Project 37

Posted in News Roundup at 9:14 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • PC LinuxShort Topix: “Pay Phones” Are Making A Comeback In Philadelphia, Thanks To Linux

      Thanks to an amateur phone collective in Philadelphia, pay phones are mounting a comeback there. Behind it all is Linux, according to an article on Make Use Of.

      Despite the proliferation of cell phones — and particularly smartphones — there are plenty of people who don’t have them, either because they can’t afford them, or because they value their privacy.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • LWNLinux 6.1.4

        I’m announcing the release of the 6.1.4 kernel.

        All users of the 6.1 kernel series must upgrade.

        The updated 6.1.y git tree can be found at:
        git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux-stable.git linux-6.1.y
        and can be browsed at the normal kernel.org git web browser:



        greg k-h

      • LWNLinux 6.0.18
      • LWNLinux 4.9.337
      • PCLOS OfficialKernel 6.1.4 and 6.0.18 Available – PCLinuxOS

        Kernels 6.1.4 and 6.0.18 are now available in the PCLinuxOS Software Repository.

    • Graphics Stack

      • Vulkan video shenanigans – FFmpeg + RADV integration experiments – Maister’s Graphics Adventures

        Vulkan video is finally here and it’s a fierce battle to get things working fully. The leaders of the pack right now with the full release is RADV (Dave Airlie) and FFmpeg (Lynne).

        In Granite, I’ve been wanting a solid GPU video decoding solution and I figured I’d work on a Vulkan video implementation over the holidays to try helping iron out any kinks with real-world application integration. The goal was achieving everything a 3D engine could potentially want out of video decode.

    • Applications

      • 9to5LinuxVentoy 1.0.87 Brings Support for Lenovo Product Recovery and Dell PER ISOs

        Ventoy 1.0.87 has been released today for this open-source and cross-platform bootable USB solution that lets you create multi-boot USB drives for ISO, WIM, IMG, VHD(x), and EFI files, supporting numerous OS types and platforms, including Linux, Unix, ChromeOS, VMware, Windows, WinPE, etc.

        The new Ventoy release is here with support for the Lenovo Product Recovery ISO file, as well as the Dell Platform Specific Bootable ISO file. In addition, the GRUB2 mode has been updated to support ISO images of the Porteus Linux distribution.

      • Neovim vs Vim Comparison 2023 – Which is a better Editor? – DekiSoft

        If you are looking for a powerful terminal-based emulator for a long time then Vim is your go-to software. It is deemed to be one of the oldest open-source projects. We have many good terminal editors such as Nano but they don’t lie close to Vim in terms of functions, modes and extensibility. However, a much better player is in town now so we have put together a Neovim vs Vim detailed comparison along with Emacs and VSCode to see the differences so you can make an informed decision.

        This was until 2014 when Vim fork the Neovim had made its appearance on the open-source horizon. Although it came forward with many controversies still is hailed as the future which was designed keeping in mind the modern user. A lot of development was seen in both of these, especially after the development of Neovim over the years.

      • Volker KrauseNovember/December in KDE PIM

        Here are some of the highlights of what happened around KDE’s personal information management applications in the past two months. Since the last report 23 people contributed about 1200 code changes, focusing on the KDE Gear 22.12 and the Gpg4win 4.1.0 releases and preparing for the transition to Qt 6.

      • Linux LinksBest Free and Open Source Visual Automation Tools – LinuxLinks

        This article looks at software which provides a graphical user interface for automating desktop tasks. Tasks can be recorded as they are performed by the user or can be selected from a list. The output of the previous action can become the input to the next action.

        This type of software can be a real boon to productivity. The software saves time and effort over human intervention.

        Here’s our verdict captured in a legendary LinuxLinks ratings chart. We only feature free and open source software here.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • PC LinuxGIMP Tutorial: Using The Heal Tool

        I still watch tutorials to learn new skills, and came across this one on Davies Media Design’s YouTube channel about the Heal tool.

        The Heal tool is similar to the Clone tool, but uses a bit different algorithm. While the Clone tool copies the exact pixels selected, and paints them over your chosen area, the Heal tool seems to take the surrounding pixels and imperfections into account as well, making your subject easier to paint (they are, after all, both brushes).

        Let’s look at the difference between the Clone tool and the Heal tool. If you have the tools grouped in GIMP, they are in the same group. If not, the Clone tool icon looks like a stamp, and the Heal tool looks like two bandages in an X-shape.

      • PC LinuxPDF Part 3A: Manipulating PDF Files, GUI Style

        My original plans were to have a three part article series that covered the creation of PDF files, the editing of PDF files, and finally, the manipulation of PDF files. But when I looked closer, I discovered there are several GUI programs that help with manipulating PDF files, and even more command-line programs for manipulating PDF files. So, I’ve decided to break the third article down into two related articles. This article, “PDF Part 3A,” will deal with the GUI programs you can use to manipulate the structure and orientation of a PDF file. The next article, “PDF Part 3B,” will focus on the command-line tools for manipulating PDF files.

        Some may argue that editing and manipulating PDF files are the same thing. But, that’s not necessarily so. Editing the contents of a PDF file changes the information conveyed in the PDF, while merely changing the page order or page orientation of a PDF file does not inherently change the contents of the file, nor the information conveyed. It’s a gray area, but we need to “draw a line” and make a distinction somewhere.

      • 5 Ways to Follow Symbolic Links in Linux

        Symbolic links (also referred to as “soft links” or “symlinks”) are a kind of shortcut to another file used in the Linux operating system mostly for shared libraries.

        If you’ve been using Linux as a regular desktop, you might already have encountered one or will in the future. But today’s focus will be on how you can find the original file to which the symbolic link points.

        Note that we already wrote a separate article for all the tools that are mentioned in this article, so this is kind of a summarized version of all the tools.

        However, if you directly jump to this article and are only interested in knowing a tool that can help you find the original file to which the symbolic link points, then you can directly read our readlink command article.

      • ID RootHow To Install OwnCloud on Rocky Linux 9 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install OwnCloud on Rocky Linux 9. For those of you who didn’t know, ownCloud is a free and open-source file hosting and sharing platform that allows users to store and access their files from anywhere. It provides a user-friendly interface for storing, accessing, and sharing files, and it integrates with a variety of popular file-sharing and collaboration tools, such as Microsoft Office and Google Drive. By using ownCloud, you can easily store, access, and share your files from anywhere and collaborate with others on a wide range of projects.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the OwnCloud on Rocky Linux. 9.

      • Make Use OfHow to Remote Access Linux From a Windows Computer

        Set up a Linux server? Perhaps you’ve configured it as the solution to network storage. Or maybe you have a Linux work PC, media center, or simply keep a secondary PC in another room. Whatever the case, at some point, you’ll need to remotely access the Linux device from a Windows PC or laptop. So, what is the solution?

        Windows users have several tools that enable simple remote desktop from Windows to Linux. Want to know how remote desktop from Windows to Linux? Read on!

      • The New StackMicroK8s and Portainer: The Easiest Way to Deploy an App on Kubernetes – The New Stack

        Anyone who’s attempted to work with Kubernetes for the first time understands how complicated it is. Not only is creating a Kubernetes cluster a challenge but so too is deploying applications. With so many moving parts, this technology can get the best of anyone who doesn’t have a deep understanding of how it works.

        There are, however, shortcuts to take. One such shortcut is deploying Portainer to a MicroK8s cluster. I’ve already demonstrated how this is one in an earlier tutorial. Why would you go this route? Simple. Not only is MicroK8s one of the easiest methods of deploying Kubernetes, but Portainer also offers one of the most powerful and user-friendly GUI tools for managing Kubernetes deployments.

      • OSTechNixHow To Check The Password Complexity In Linux – OSTechNix [Ed: Article updated]

        We already posted a brief guide about – how to generate a strong password in Linux a while ago. Now, we are going to find out if the generated password is really strong or not. In this short tutorial, we will see how to check the password complexity in Linux from commandline.

      • Linux HintHow to Only List the Files and Not the Directories in Linux

        In Linux, we use the “ls” command to navigate through directories for files. Listing all the files and folders in Linux is a common command. But occasionally, we must only list the files and not the folders. In that case, this command does not work. To only list the files using the “ls” command, we need to write “ls *.txt”. But this command works if we need to only list the text files since this command only lists the text files. If we need to list all the files and not only the text files, this command becomes useless. For that purpose, Linux provides us with many options. To list all the files in a specific directory only, we use the following methods:

      • UbuntubuzzHow To Make Calendar with LibreOffice Calc

        This tutorial will show you the exercise of making calendars with LibreOffice Calc. It works with multilingual translations automatically so you can easily print ones with English, Indonesian, German, Chinese, Japanese and other languages. Now let’s exercise.

      • UbuntubuzzHow To Make Bulletin with LibreOffice Writer

        This tutorial will help you to create bulletin with LibreOffice Writer. You will make one with example documents you can download below. We name it “Humanity”, will use Wikipedia article as source text, and simply use available fonts on Ubuntu like Ubuntu Font as well as FreeSerif. Now let’s exercise!

      • CitizixHow to ship docker logs to Grafana Loki using Docker plugin

        Grafana Loki officially supports a Docker plugin that will read logs from Docker containers and ship them to Loki. This guide assumes that you have grafana loki up and running. If not, checkout these guides: How to run Grafana Loki with docker and docker-compose How to run Grafana Loki with Helm and kustomize in kubernetes…

      • UNIX CopHow to install Code Server on Ubuntu 22.04

        In this post, you will learn how to install Code Server on Ubuntu 22.04, so you will have your IDE in the cloud for your many projects. The procedure is simple, so let’s go for it.

      • My thoughts about the Tai-Hao Sunshine Nordic ISO keycaps | Hund

        This is not a sponsored post. The keycaps has been paid for in full by my partner.

      • Make Use OfHow to Enable Snap Support in Linux Mint

        Linux Mint doesn’t ship with snapd by default, and that’s an improvement over the Ubuntu base for many users. But what if you fancy snaps and want to install them on Linux Mint?

        Maybe you want to bring back the ease of installation and portability snaps bring to the table. Or perhaps, you need to install software that’s only available from the Snap Store.

        Whatever the reason is, enabling Snap support on Linux mint is quite easy.

      • Linux CapableLinux du Command: Common Examples

        The du command is a handy tool for Linux users that allows you to analyze how much space individual files and directories are taking up on your file system. It is also straightforward to use and it will quickly provide you with the size of everything in the current directory, including subdirectories. The following tutorial will demonstrate common examples of the du command in a Linux terminal environment.

        Please note it is best to run the du commands in the root account, or you may need to add sudo to the command depending on the area or permissions set for the directories, such as system files, as they may not be accessible without root permissions.

      • Linux CapableHow to Install Waterfox on Manjaro Linux

        Waterfox is an excellent choice for web users who prioritize security and performance. It is built from Firefox source code, allowing users to customize their browsing experience and allowing for more control over features like advertisements and tracking scripts compared to Firefox. The following tutorial will teach you how to install Waterfox Browser on Manjaro Linux with cli commands and utilizing the Arch Linux user repository.

      • ID RootHow To Install Cockpit on Rocky Linux 9 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Cockpit on Rocky Linux 9. For those of you who didn’t know, Cockpit is a server management dashboard that provides real-time information on the state of your machine. In addition to CPU load, filesystem statistics, processes, and other data, it also gives access to the system. The cockpit is designed to be easy to use and intuitive, and it provides a user-friendly interface for performing common server management tasks. It is suitable for use by both experienced system administrators and novice users.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Cockpit on Rocky Linux. 9.

      • It’s UbuntuHow To Install Docker On Debian Linux [Latest] | Itsubuntu.com

        In this tutorial post, we will show you the steps to download the latest version of Docker on Debian and its derivatives. Docker is already available in the default repository of Debian but they might not have the latest version of Docker.

      • Trend OceansHow to Enable Automatic Dark Mode on All Websites in Google Chrome – TREND OCEANS

        Is looking at a bright website hurt your eyes? Here’s an easy solution that’ll enable you to use Dark Mode on all the sites you visit with the help of Google Chrome. Check it out now!

      • Learn UbuntuInstall NPM on Ubuntu

        NPM is nothing but a package manager for the Noje.js projects that lets you install and manage them on your system.

        You can think of NPM as similar to apt but mean specific to the noje.js projects.

        And in this tutorial, I will show you how you can install the NPM package manager in Ubuntu and walk you through the primary use of NPM.

      • Beginners Guide for Realpath Command in Linux

        We recently published a detailed article on the use of the readlink command in Linux; if you read that article, you will understand this better.

        In short, both are identical tools for finding the original file to which the soft link points. But this tool can also be used to print the absolute path of the referenced files or directories.

        So, stick with this article till the end to learn everything about the realpath command in Linux (with practical examples).

      • Beginners Guide for Readlink Command in Linux

        If you have been following us for a long time, then you might already be aware of symlinks (or soft links), but for a quick reminder, they are a kind of shortcut to another file in Linux.

        Now, you might already be interacting with soft links without knowing the path of the original file to which they point.

    • WINE or Emulation

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • Make Use Of6 Ways KDE Plasma Reminds You That Computing Can Be Fun

          Personal computers now come in many form factors, but the same can’t be said about computer interfaces. Most PCs come with a layout that feels like Windows or macOS. Even mobile devices have grown more similar, regardless of whether you use Android or iOS.

          On the surface, KDE Plasma doesn’t feel any different. Most screenshots show a Windows-like desktop. But Plasma intends to be adaptable to whatever your preferences or needs are. Tweaking KDE Plasma to suit your tastes is an imaginative process that harkens back to how fun computers were when they were new. Here’s why.

        • Ubuntu HandbookKrita 5.1.5 Released! How to Install via PPA in Ubuntu 22.04 | UbuntuHandbook

          Krita graphics editor 5.1.5 released few days ago. Here’s how to install it in Ubuntu 22.04 and/or Ubuntu 22.10 via PPA repository.

          Krita 5.1 was released months ago with improved Webp, photoshop files support, extended fill tools, and configurable touch controls.

  • Distributions and Operating Systems

    • 6 Best Alternative Open Source Router Firmware For 2023 – DekiSoft

      For mere performance, we need to update this. We all want our wifi to be fast and accessible from each room, now, what the update does is provide bug fixes and technology improvements which lead to a better experience for the entire family.

      Another reason is the security protection which it provides. Today threats are there for online security and these have mainly in target home wifi-networks. Like, your router can get in hands of a security theft if it is not secured properly. These can then be further used along with thousand of others hijacked to launch malicious cyberattacks there on the organization’s sites and networks.

      The best way to save yourself from this is to always have the latest version of firmware installed.

    • New Releases

    • PCLinuxOS/Mageia/Mandriva/OpenMandriva Family

      • DebugPointOpenMandriva Introduces “ROME” 23.01: A New Rolling Release Edition

        A new rolling release-based edition OpenMandriva “ROME” 23.01 debuts with KDE Plasma, GNOME desktop flavours and some cool apps.

        OpenMandriva is a free, open-source, independent GNU/Linux distribution that was forked from the Mandriva project. It’s simple, easy to use for your day-to-day use cases and fully contributed by the community. It also features popular desktop environments and comes with a simple Calamares installer.

      • LinuxiacOpenMandriva Lx 23.01: A Breath of Fresh Air for Distro Hoppers

        OpenMandriva is changing course by introducing the ROME rolling release, which makes its debut in OpenMandriva Lx 23.01.

        OpenMandriva is a community-centric Linux distro forked from discontinued Mandriva Linux with roots in then-legendary Mandrake Linux. It was created in May 2012 by OpenMandriva Association as the distro aimed at experienced and first-time Linux users.

        One essential aspect of OpenMandriva is that it is one of the so-called original distributions. In other words, it is not based on another existing one. The distro is designed to be easy to use and to provide a wide range of software and features to meet the needs of a variety of users.

      • PC LinuxFrom The Chief Editor’s Desk…

        New Year’s celebrations are virtually synonymous with making New Year’s resolutions. Unfortunately, most New Year’s resolutions barely last a month, and by February, are a distant memory. According to an article on BestLife, only 55 percent of resolution-makers are still working on those resolutions after one month. An article on Fit & Well paints an even grimmer/dimmer picture of New Year’s resolutions. According to that article, most New Year’s resolution-makers ditch their “goals” just 17.8 days into January. This is so prevalent that January 17th is (unofficially) known as “ditch New Year’s resolutions day.” Wow! They don’t even make it three weeks!

        Personally, I make the same New Year’s resolution every year, and I’ve got quite a streak going for not breaking it. My annual New Year’s resolution is to not make a New Year’s resolution.

      • PC LinuxScreenshot Showcase
    • Debian Family

    • Open Hardware/Modding

      • ArduinoMake your own micro FPV drone racing gate | Arduino Blog

        Drone racing is an increasingly popular hobby, especially as high-performance drones get more and more affordable. Racing drones can reach 200mph and a huge part of the skill set necessary for competition is the pilot’s ability to navigate through gates at high speed. Those gates mark check points on the course, a bit like the gates that slalom skiers go through. Drone racing gates can also track time, which is the case with this DIY micro FPV drone racing gate built by YouTuber ProfessorBoots.

        This is an affordable gate meant for indoor micro FPV drone racing. It is big enough to accommodate some larger drones, but the pilot would have to have stellar finesse. For micro drones, it is perfect. The gate detects the presence of a passing drone and can time laps, recording each lap and allowing the pilot to see their best time. It also has a ring of LEDs for visibility. If desired, the user can program those LEDs to flash when a drone passes through.

      • VideoMechanical 7 Segment Display Driven By An Arduino – Invidious

        The Arduino Mega has 15 PWM pins, enough to drive two digits. The digit segments are all 3D printed using bright green PLA.

      • AdafruitNew Products 1/4/23 Featuring #Adafruit Sensirion SHT45 Precision Temperature & Humidity Sensor!
      • CubicleNateEnder3 Ikea Lack Table Printer Enclosure – CubicleNate’s Techpad

        The Ender3 is seemingly a fantastic, inexpensive, entry level machine to get you started in the wondrous world of 3D printing. I would hardly call it the most quality, feature-rich machines out there but the incredible affordability is what makes is a great starting place. This wasn’t the first 3D printer I became familiar with but it might be my favorite.

    • Mobile Systems/Mobile Applications

  • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

    • Web Browsers/Web Servers

      • Mozilla

        • PCLOS OfficialBetterbird Email Client 102.6.1 – PCLinuxOS

          Betterbird is a successful fork of Mozilla Thunderbird, Betterbird provides a more complete email client with exclusive features and a lot of other bug fixes. Now available in the PCLinuxOS Software Repository!

    • GNU Projects

    • Programming/Development

      • nbdkit + libblkio | Richard WM Jones

        Our plugin-based Network Block Device server, nbdkit, now has support for libblkio.

        libblkio is a library written by Stefan Hajnoczi, Alberto Faria, Stefano Garzarella and others for accessing some somewhat unusual disk protocols including vhost-user, NVMe, vDPA, VFIO and io_uring which I’ll talk about below. It’s important to know that these are not disk formats (like raw or qcow2), but accelerated protocols for talking to virtual or real hardware.

        The library is written in Rust (but offers a C API) and I believe it’s intended to replace various bottom-end parts of the qemu block layer at some point in the future.

      • Free PHP, HTML, CSS, JavaScript editor – Codelobster IDE

        In this article, we suggest you to get acquainted with the free editor of web languages – Codelobster IDE. It is presented on the software market for a long time already, and it wins a lot of fans.

        Codelobster IDE allows you to edit PHP, HTML, CSS and JavaScript files, it highlights the syntax and gives hints for tags, functions and their parameters. This editor easily deals with those files that contain a mixed content.

      • Linux LinksExcellent Free Tutorials to Learn Zig – LinuxLinks

        Zig is a general-purpose programming language and toolchain for maintaining robust, optimal, and reusable software.

        The language is designed for “robustness, optimality and maintainability”, supporting compile-time generics, reflection and evaluation, cross-compilation and manual memory management.

        Zig also ships with a C/C++ compiler, and Zig can be used with either or both languages.

      • Linux HintBucket sort C++

        Sorting is a method by which we order the items in a sequence. Bucket sort is one of the sorting algorithms but this algorithm is a bit different from the other algorithms. A bucket, as the name implies, contains something in a separate space like a container. This algorithm places the elements in the bucket according to the condition. The elements are divided into different buckets, and sorting is performed on each bucket. We can decide which algorithm is used to sort the buckets. The other names for bucket sort are bin sort and radix sort. The grouping of elements to be stored in buckets is done uniformly. Bucket sort is the algorithm that is good with small arrays. But when it comes to sorting the larger arrays, this algorithm is not preferred because the complexity increases and the performance decreases. This algorithm is applied mostly on the floating point values where we need to uniformly group the elements of the array.

      • Linux HintDynamic Memory Allocation in C++

        Memory allocation is determined at the time of variable declaration. But in most cases, we don’t know how much memory is required for a specific variable. In that case, memory allocation has to be done on the runtime. The runtime memory allocation of the program is known as dynamic memory allocation. In dynamic memory allocation, we don’t know the actual size of the variable. We manually allocate the memory for that variable, and it can also be an array or object of a class. Pointers play a key role in dynamic memory allocation. When we dynamically allocate the memory, the “new” keyword is used to tell the compiler that we are dynamically allocating the memory. When we are done with allocating the memory, in the end, we need to manually “delete” that reserved dynamic memory. In other programming languages like Python and Java, we don’t have to dynamically allocate the memory because the compiler automatically does that. But in C and C++, we do this manually using the new (to reserve space) and delete (to free space) keywords.

      • Perl / Raku

        • Why Perl is making a comeback: 5 reasons why it’s worth learning – Linux Careers

          Perl is making a comeback, and for good reason. From its strong support for text manipulation and data processing tasks to its wide array of libraries and modules, Perl is a versatile and powerful language that’s worth learning. In this article, we’ll explore 5 reasons why Perl is making a comeback and why it’s worth learning now. Whether you’re a seasoned programmer or just starting out, Perl is a valuable skill to have in your toolkit.

          Perl is a popular programming language that is widely used in the tech industry for tasks such as web development, data processing, and system administration. Its simplicity, flexibility, and power make it a good choice for those looking to pursue a career in the tech industry. In this article, we will explore the strengths of Perl and discuss why it may be a good choice for those looking to learn a programming language. We will also compare Perl to Python, another popular programming language that is often used for similar types of tasks, and discuss the situations where one language may be a better choice over the other.

      • Shell/Bash/Zsh/Ksh

        • Linux HintBash Remove Last x Characters From String?

          There are several ways or commands in Linux that we may use to remove the last characters from a string value in bash, including “cut”, “sed” “compliment”, “awk” and others. The “%” and “?” operators can also be employed to eliminate the ending element from a string. By utilizing the “cut” command in bash, we can also delete a specific character from a string that we want to eliminate. In this article, we will show a variety of techniques for deleting elements from sequences.

        • Linux HintHow to Export a Path in .Bashrc

          When a command is launched on Linux, the operating system looks in the environment variable which is known as PATH for executable files. When we employ these paths, we can run the commands without having to provide a specific path.

        • Linux HintCreate Bash Functions with Arguments

          To create efficient code, bash functions are used in shell scripts. In essence, these are a set of instructions that can be used again throughout the program. Additionally, it enables programmers to divide long, complex scripts into manageable chunks that may be invoked as needed. In this article, we will go through how to pass an argument to a bash function to build a function with an argument. The parameter may be a string, an integer, or something else entirely. Different methods of sending arguments to bash functions will be used in this article.

        • Linux HintBash Loop Through Files In A Directory?

          Sometimes according to our requirements, we need to move and loop through all the files and directories in a given folder. Let us suppose we want to run a specific command in each folder and file of a directory. For that purpose, we will iterate through all directories using loops. Only a few CLI utilities or command line utilities allow us to run the same command for multiple files. But in our case, we use bash shell scripting and using for loop to speed up any command we want to make our work efficient.

        • Linux HintBash Cut Command with Examples

          Linux provides us with many commands and utilities that allow us to cut out pieces and parts of specific files and process and filter those files. “cut” is also a command line utility in Linux that allows us to cut specific parts and sections of files and show us the data as standard output by printing it. We can use it to cut out the parts of files by delimiter, field, bytes, position, and characters.

      • Java

        • GCCJava front-end and library patches v2
          Disclaimer: this does not currently work.
          The front-end and library compile successfully, but fail to link at
          the very end.
          This is due to a regression caused by
          1dedc12d186a110854537e1279b4e6c29f2df35a, which I have been unable to solve.
          Nevertheless, I am posting this patch series for two reasons.
          Firstly, to get feedback and reviews on the 56 already existing
          patches, even though most are just re-adding code or making idiomatic
          changes, so that when the final issue is solved everything has already
          been approved (hopefully) and the merge is good to go.
          Secondly, to get assistance with the final issue, because it is simply
          beyond me, and history has shown that asking for help via gcc-patches
          will yield nothing.
          You'll need libtool 2.4.7 and a bleeding-edge version of bdwgc to
          build it, in case anyone planned to do some testing.
      • Rust

        • The Register UKRust projects open to denial of service thanks to Hyper • The Register

          Security researchers at have identified multiple vulnerabilities arising from careless use of the Rust Hyper package, a very popular library for handling HTTP requests.

          Security firm JFrog found that an undisclosed number of projects incorporating Hyper, like Axum, Salvo and conduit-hyper, were susceptible to denial of service (DoS) attacks arising from HTTP requests crafted to take advantage of the vulnerabilities.

          Those three have fixed their code, but an undisclosed number of other vulnerable projects have not yet responded, according to JFrog. Currently, 2,579 projects listed in Rust’s package repository crates.io depend on Hyper, which has been downloaded more than 67 million times.

  • Leftovers

    • AdafruitBring back personal blogging

      In a recent piece for The Verge, Monique Judge made a pretty compelling argument on behalf of the personal blog. We’ve all been talking for years now about the cracks and rot forming in most/many social media platforms. But what if what’s next is what came before? Especially poignant is the way Judge links personal blogging to community building. It all made me a little teary-eyed for the days when I used to open up my computer and check my favorite sites and blogs, all of which I had bookmarked in my browser. Launching my tabs to check on Jeremiah’s Vanishing New York, Waiter rant, The Sartorialist, even Perez Hilton (I must admit), was definitely more satisfying (and far less chaotic) than opening up Twitter.

    • TediumWhy Canada Had to Ban 1.5-Liter Glass Soda Bottles in 1979

      In the summer of 1979, Canadian grocery stores had a problem. It was a product design problem, and it was one that involved a specific size of soda bottle. As soda became an increasingly popular drink, consumers demanded more sizes so that they could drink more and save some of it for later. These days, we think nothing of this shift, beyond the obvious environmental and health implications of drinking so much soda. But the conversation was different in the late 1970s, especially in Canada, where the soda bottles had one significant difference from the modern ones that mattered quite a lot—they were made of glass, and as it turns out, large glass bottles and soda don’t mix. Today’s Tedium talks about the year Canada recalled pop.

    • Hardware

    • Security

      • Privacy/Surveillance

        • Is “no grid” the smartest grid of all? | Stop at Zona-M

          The Grid in “Smart Grid” is the electric grid, that is the whole network of transmission lines, substations and other equipment that distribute electricity from power plants to their end users. Electric grids worldwide are aging, and regardless of age could not cope with the “increasing complexity and needs of electricity in the 21st Century” anyway. The solution is to make them Smart Grids, that is grids that, thanks to digital technologies, can “move” electricity back and forth among utilities and customers in real time, in the safest and most efficient way.

    • Internet

      • Faster Internet makes bad citizens?

        “In the UK, the diffusion of broadband has resulted in a decrease in civic and political participation. On the other hand, it does not seem to have affected the strong ties among relatives and friends. The phenomenon could also explain the rise of populism.”

        “A one standard deviation reduction in the distance between the phone line of the people interviewed for the study and the closest network node, which is a good indicator of a faster connection, caused the likelihood to participate in membership activities to decrease by 4.7 percent between 2005 and 2017. For political parties and trade unions, the decrease in the probability of involvement rises to 5.1 percent.”

    • Monopolies

      • Copyrights

        • AdafruitWhat Copyrighted Works Become Public Domain in 2023?

          On this Steve Shives video, he looks at some of the more significant copyrighted works that are entering the public domain in 2023.

          These works include The Case Book of Sherlock Holmes, the last of Conan Doyle’s Sherlock Holmes stories (meaning all of the Holmes stories are now public domain), Agatha Christie’s The Big Four, and Upton Sinclair’s Oil! (which the film There Will Be Blood was based on).

  • Gemini* and Gopher

    • Personal

      • Halberts and Knives

        With the recent OGL discussion, my thoughts are back with Helmbarten, my German Fantasy 2d6 game, which was translated into English as Halberts by @frotz@mstdn.games and @phf@tabletop.social and play-tested by @PresGas@freeradical.zone and the three of us. I was wondering how to provide a zero-to-hero experience using it.

        As it stands, you roll on your career tables, betting that you’ll survive and get better vs. strokes of fate taking you out. After a while, you decide you’re done. Your character won’t advance in levels, learn new skills, get better, or any of that. That all happened during character generation. Now the adventure begins.

      • Unexplained: After COVID I Can Run 10K a Day

        I am well into my 50′s. I’ve never been a fitness nut, preferring sitting in front of the computer or some other sitting project. In my childhood I had experienced a series of respiratory infections, scarring in my lungs, visible on x-rays. Most of my life I had a hard time with a 10-minute jog. For no good reason I can now run for hours.

        I had toyed with running, but I had trouble breathing. Around the Central Park reservoir, I would wind up completely out of breath (way before finishing the 1.4-mile loop), heart pounding and lungs jumping out of my burning larynx as I would recover, bent over and dizzy. Every time — in my twenties, thirties and forties.

      • What I wish 2023 will bring for me
      • What I wish 2023 will bring for me

        I’m thinking about a whole small-net sauce and my text-mode hobby environment which I’m using for all interactions with it.

      • 🔤SpellBinding: AGLOYXT Wordo: DOLTS
    • Politics

      • The Written Word is Senile

        I don’t know how long until people cannot use pens, but it seems their days are numbered.

        Whatever time it might take, certain stages seem inevitable.

        Those currently in the government seem unlikely to change the education system to remove pens. I find it more likely that a group who broadly haven’t used a pen more than once a decade would find it natural to remove teachings they’ve never used.

      • The Plot Against America

        I’ve had a number of discussions with friends about government in the last year or so. They’ll claim that government doesn’t work and that no government is ever any good. Having some ancom leanings of my own, I can understand and sympathize with that point of view. What my friends don’t understand is that the US government isn’t working because it has been deliberately sabotaged for decades. I’ve had to make the case a few times, so it is worth putting down in writing.

    • Technical

      • Innovation (2010)

        For every occasion, my wife and I gift board games to each other, so we can play them together. This time made no exception. After browsing BoardGameGeek for a while, I bought her “Innovation”, a game where you must create a prehistoric civilization and guide it through the ages using innovations until the information era.

        We usually tend stay away from too complex or too strategic games, mostly because it takes too much time and effort to setup, and we end up never playing it. I was also looking for a game that might have a deeper game play the usual kind that we love (Codenames, Chroni, etc.).

      • Reading Ebooks Using Emacs!

        I assume the ‘nov’ stands for ‘novel’, but I’m not sure.

        I found a plugin for Emacs, that gives it the ability to read e-books! Well, epubs at least. I haven’t tried other formats. I installed it both on my Librem Mini and my Pinephone with ‘sudo apt install elpa-nov’. The easiest way to bring up the ebook is to type ‘emacs MYDOC.epub’ at the Terminal, and it pops right up (or ‘emacs -nw MYDOC.epub’ for those of us who want to *stay* in Terminal).

        To access ‘nov’ commands, use Meta-x nov, and hit tab once or twice and you will get the list of commands available. For those newer to Emacs, the Meta key is usually the Alt key (though you can reset it, and I think it is different on Mac). So – Alt-x and type ‘nov’ and press Tab key a couple of times.

      • Internet/Gemini

        • Trying out my own gemlog

          I am by no means a writer. I may have grown up a native english speaker, but my words don’t reflect that. I have always gotten a C or worse in my english classes, and writing essays has always been an arduous task for me. Despite this, I want to write gemlogs. I can’t yet articulate why I want to write a blog of sorts, but I think it has something to do with wanting to be a part of the gemispace community.

      • Programming

        • Proprietary algorithms

          We’ll inevitably encounter algorithms in our day-to-day life, but it matters that we should not succumb to the manipulation that’s going on by proprietary ones.

          Proprietary algorithms, such as the ones used on commercial social-media or search engines, actively manipulate us with the data they gather from our usage of their platforms. Algorithms decide trends, what becomes popular or not, and largely play a part in the daily happenings of the world. This is why it’s important to not get swayed by them at every step, sabotaging our view of the world, with an artificially customised one by the platform owners.

          We’ll encounter them sooner or later, even if one steers clear of manipulative platforms, such is the task that we should try to seek if a curated view is presented, by hiding information, purposefully giving more importance to a view point and so on.

* Gemini (Primer) links can be opened using Gemini software. It’s like the World Wide Web but a lot lighter.

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DecorWhat Else is New

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    Links for the day

  2. IRC Proceedings: Friday, June 02, 2023

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  3. The Developing World Abandons Microsoft Windows, GNU/Linux at All-Time Highs on Desktops/Laptops

    Microsoft, with 80 billion dollars in longterm debt and endless layoffs, is losing the monopolies; the media doesn’t mention this, but some publicly-accessible data helps demonstrate that

  4. Links 02/06/2023: Elive ‘Retrowave’ Stable and Microsoft's Half a Billion Dollar Fine for LinkeIn Surveillance in Europe

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  5. Linux Foundation 'Research' Has a New Report and Of Course It Uses Only Proprietary Software

    The Linux Foundation has a new report, promoted by Clickfraud Spamnil and others; of course they’re rejecting Free software, they’re just riding the “Linux” brand and speak of “Open Source” (which they reject themselves)

  6. Links 02/06/2023: Arti 1.1.5 and SQL:2023

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  7. Gemini Links 02/06/2023: Vimwiki Revisited, SGGS Revisited

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  8. Geminispace/GemText/Gemini Protocol Turn 4 on June 20th

    Gemini is turning 4 this month (on the 20th, according to the founder) and I thought I’d do a spontaneous video about how I use Gemini, why it's so good, and why it’s still growing (Stéphane Bortzmeyer fixed the broken cron job — or equivalent of it — a day or two after I had mentioned the issue)

  9. HMRC Does Not Care About Tax Fraud Committed by UK Government Contractor, Sirius 'Open Source'

    The tax crimes of Sirius ‘Open Source’ were reported to HMRC two weeks ago; HMRC did not bother getting back to the reporters (victims of the crime) and it’s worth noting that the reporters worked on UK government systems for many years, so maybe there’s a hidden incentive to bury this under the rug

  10. Our IRC at 15th Anniversary

    So our IRC community turns 15 today (sort of) and I’ve decided to do a video reflecting on the fact that some of the same people are still there after 15 years

  11. IRC Proceedings: Thursday, June 01, 2023

    IRC logs for Thursday, June 01, 2023

  12. Links 02/06/2023: NixOS 23.05 and Rust 1.70.0

    Links for the day

  13. Gemini Links 02/06/2023: Flying High With Gemini and Gogios Released

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  14. Links 01/06/2023: KStars 3.6.5 and VEGA ET1031 RISC-V Microprocessor in Use

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  15. Gemini Links 01/06/2023: Scam Call and Flying High With Gemini

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  16. Links 01/06/2023: Spleen 2.0.0 Released and Team UPC Celebrates Its Own Corruption

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  17. IRC Proceedings: Wednesday, May 31, 2023

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  18. Tux Machines Closing the Door on Twitter Because Twitter is Dead (for a Lot of People)

    Tux Machines recently joined millions of others who had already quit Twitter, including passive posting (fully or partly automated)

  19. Links 31/05/2023: Inkscape’s 1.3 Plans and New ARM Cortex-A55-Based Linux Chip

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  20. Gemini Links 31/05/2023: Personality of Software Engineers

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  21. Links 31/05/2023: Armbian 23.05 Release and Illegal UPC

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  22. IRC Proceedings: Tuesday, May 30, 2023

    IRC logs for Tuesday, May 30, 2023

  23. Gemini Protocol About to Turn 4 and It's Still Growing

    In the month of May we had zero downtime (no updates to the system or outages in the network), which means Lupa did not detect any errors such as timeouts and we’re on top of the list (the page was fixed a day or so after we wrote about it); Gemini continues to grow (chart by Botond) as we’re approaching the 4th anniversary of the protocol

  24. Links 31/05/2023: Librem Server v2, curl 8.1.2, and Kali Linux 2023.2 Release

    Links for the day

  25. Gemini Links 31/05/2023: Bayes Filter and Programming Wordle

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  26. [Meme] Makes No Sense for EPO (Now Connected to the EU) and Staff Pensions to be Tied to the UK After Brexit

    It seems like EPO staff is starting to have doubts about the safety of EPO pensions after Benoît Battistelli sent money to reckless gambling (EPOTIF) — a plot that’s 100% supported by António Campinos and his enablers in the Council, not to mention the European Union

  27. Working Conditions at EPO Deteriorate and Staff Inquires About Pension Rights

    Work is becoming a lot worse (not even compliant with the law!) and promises are constantly being broken, so staff is starting to chase management for answers and assurances pertaining to finances

  28. Links 30/05/2023: Orc 0.4.34 and Another Rust Crisis

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  29. Links 30/05/2023: Nitrux 2.8.1 and HypoPG 1.4.0

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