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Links 29/8/2021: OSFC 2021, Vista 11 in 'Damage Control' Mode

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • Can You Get By With a Flatpak-Only Linux Desktop?

        Flatpak is one of the newer package formats to grace the Linux desktop. This is a single format that allows you to install software across any Linux distribution, with that software in theory only accessing parts of the computer that you permit.

        Some Linux distributions have already embraced Flatpak in a big way, going all-in on the format. What is it like to use a Flatpak-only desktop?

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • Noodlings 32 | Settling In

        This is the first recording in the new studio on new hardware. There are some slight audio issues but if I went for perfection… I would have just deleted this recording I would have stopped these long ago

    • Kernel Space

      • The evolution of Open Source - a retrospective as Linux turns 30-years-old

        Linux – the OS that changed the game, turned 30 on August 25th. DIGIT takes a look at how it started an open source revolution.

        On this day in 1991, 21-year-old Finnish student Linus Benedict Torvalds announced on the comp.os.minix news group that he was working on a free operating system (OS) for 386(486) AT clones as a “hobby.”

        This would eventually become Linux Kernel, an OS that started something of an open source revolution, changing the mindset of accepting the established products of those with the biggest marketing budgets, or tightest security, as ‘the best’.

        While it started out as a (better) alternative OS, mainly leveraged by computing enthusiasts, it has grown to be utilised in an astounding amount of devices.

      • OSFC 2021 – Going Full Open-Source

        OSFC 2020 was a blast - we had great talks and discussions, some virtual beers and a lot of fun - and OSFC 2021 is just around the corner! As remote conferences are new to us (and probably to everyone else as well) we gathered feedback from you - How did you liked the conference and on what bits can we improve to make the experience better next time. Of course, everyone here at the OSFC hoped that we can do a conference in person again - sadly that has to be postponed to next year. So here we are again - going full virtual! The overall feedback from you was good - however there was some feedback on the tools used for the OSFC that we like to share.

      • Torvalds: GPLv2 'A Big Part' of Why Linux Spread, Companies Getting Involved 'Hugely Important'
      • Some Of The Features Expected For Linux 5.15: DG2/Alchemist, BPF Timers, DAMON + More - Phoronix

        If all goes according to plan the Linux 5.14 kernel will be released as stable today. Linux 5.14 has many new features but there is also a lot of work slated for the next cycle, Linux 5.15. Here's a look.

        Among the material we've been covering ahead of the Linux 5.15 cycle includes the following items.

      • Graphics Stack

        • Chrome/Chromium's Ozone X11 Code Now Fully Enabled, Old Legacy X11 Code To Be Removed - Phoronix

          The Chrome/Chromium web browser now has fully-enabled the Ozone/X11 platform support across both beta and stable channels.

          With Chrome's Ozone platform abstraction code, for quite a while now developers have been working to provide good Wayland and X11 support from the same build. Using Ozone on X11/X.Org was previously an experimental option and now successfully went through an origin trial this summer.

          Igalia developer Maksim Sisov shared this weekend that the Ozone/X11 platform support is now "100% enabled on STABLE and BETA channels." With the great state now of that support, they will be working to deprecate non-Ozone/X11 paths and removing that legacy X11 path in the near future.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to Install LEMP Stack on Debian 11 - Nginx MariaDB PHP - LinuxCapable

        LEMP is a collection of open-source software that is commonly used together to serve web applications. The term LEMP is an acronym that represents the configuration of a Linux operating system with an Nginx (pronounced engine-x, hence the E in the acronym) web server, with site data stored in a MySQL or MariaDB database and dynamic content processed by PHP that is popularly used for hosting extensive websites due to its performance and scalability.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install LEMP (Nginx, MariaDB, PHP 8.0) on Debian 11.

      • How to Install Node.JS 14 / 16 & NPM on Rocky Linux 8 - LinuxCapable

        Node.js is an open-source, cross-platform, back-end JavaScript runtime environment built on Chrome’s V8 engine to build fast and scalable network applications and back-end APIs. Node.js uses an event-driven, non-blocking IO module that makes it very lightweight and effective. It is a fantastic choice for data-intensive real-time applications that run across distributed devices.

        NPM is a package manager for the JavaScript programming language maintained by NPM, Inc. NPM is the default package manager for the JavaScript runtime environment Node.js and is arguably the most available repository for Node.JS packages.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install Node.JS in various ways from the app stream and the node source repository on Rocky Linux 8.

      • Fix multipathd[688] add missing path error - blackMORE Ops

        I was running Ubuntu 20.04 Server guest OS on VMware ESX and found that syslog was spitting the following errors every 5 seconds.

      • Linux Jargon Buster: What is sudo rm -rf? Why is it Dangerous?

        When you are new to Linux, you’ll often come across advice to never run sudo rm -rf /. There are so many memes in the Linux world around sudo rm -rf.

        But it seems that there are some confusions around it. In the tutorial on cleaning Ubuntu to make free space, I advised running some command that involved sudo and rm -rf. An It’s FOSS reader asked me why I am advising that if sudo rm -rf is a dangerous Linux command that should not be run.

      • How to Watch Free TV channels on Linux Mint

        In this tutorial you will learn how to watch free tv channels on Linux Mint, if you are a fan of free Iptv channels then this tutorial is for you.

      • How To Migrate To Rocky Linux 8 From CentOS 8 | Tips On UNIX

        This tutorial will be helpful for users to migrate to Rocky Linux 8 from CentOS 8 / AlmaLinux / RHEL systems Step by Step.

        As you know CentOS 8 updates and support will be till the end of December 2021 and after that CentOS will be shifting to an upstream edition of RedHat.

      • How to Fix 'Could not get lock /var/lib/dpkg/lock-frontend' in Linux Mint

        So the error message is basically saying the process can't continue because this process is being held by process number 54240(synaptic)

      • How to Change Default Index Page on Nginx

        In this tutorial you will learn how to change the default index page after installing nginx. When you install nginx, the default page is a simple index html file that says " Welcome to Nginx" .

        If you want to change this file, you can do so by following the steps in this tutorial

      • How to Install Snap on Linux Mint 20.1 Ulyssa

        In this tutorial you will learn how to install snap on Linux Mint 20.1 Ulyssa.

      • How to Hide Nginx Version on Your Server

        In this tutorial you will learn how to hide Nginx version from leaking to public. This step is a must, when parameter is not set to : server_tokens off, nginx version can be seen by visitors on error pages, this information doesn't make your site directly vulnerable but the less information you share to public the better.

        Your site may be secured, but that version of nginx may be vulnerable which then makes your site vulnerable too.

      • How To Install Powershell on AlmaLinux 8 - idroot [Ed: Bad idea as it helps Microsoft's vendor lock-in]

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Powershell on AlmaLinux 8. For those of you who didn’t know, PowerShell Core is a cross-platform (Windows, Linux, and macOS) automation and configuration tool/framework that works well with your existing tools and is optimized for dealing with structured data (e.g. JSON, CSV, XML, etc.), REST APIs, and object models. It includes a command-line shell, an associated scripting language, and a framework for processing cmdlets.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Powershell on AlmaLinux 8. You can follow the same instructions for Rocky Linux.

      • How to remove .htpasswd Protection on Nginx (Ubuntu 18.04)

        In this tutorial you will learn how to remove .htpasswd file, or disable basic auth for your site, so when you visit your site or section that was password protected you will be able to access it normally without having to put username and password, to do this simply follow the steps below.

      • How To Install Latest GNU Nano Text Editor in Linux Desktop

        The GNU Nano is shortly known as the Nano text editor. It has been a quick, easy-to-use, and handy tool for both normal and professional usages. No matter if you’re a regular user or a root user, Nano welcomes all for coding and editing scripts. In recent Linux distributions, Nano comes pre-installed with the operating system. But, if you’re using a server or a backdated Linux distribution, you might need to install the GNU Nano on your machine. Using and installing the cross-platform GNU Nano in Linux is easy and hassle-free.

      • How to Increase File Upload Size on Nginx

        When you install Nginx, the directive client_max_body_size specifies the upload size that you want to allow to be uploaded on your site/server.

        By default the limit is set to 1 MB so if you try to upload something bigger than that you'll get the error " 413 (Request Entity Too Large)", to increase this limit or to remove it completely follow the steps below.

      • How to Install MATE Desktop 1.26 in Ubuntu 20.04, 21.04 via PPA | UbuntuHandbook

        The MATE desktop 1.26 now is available to install via the official Ubuntu PPA!

        The lightweight MATE desktop environment 1.26 was released a week ago. It features initial wayland support, do not disturb applet, and many core applications updates!

        The Ubuntu MATE developer team finally made a new Ubuntu PPA contains the packages for Ubuntu 20.04 LTS and Ubuntu 21.04. For upcoming Ubuntu 21.10, MATE 1.26 will be there in the main repositories.

      • How to Password Protect Directories on Nginx (Ubuntu 18.04)

        If you want to password protect an section/directory on your site and make it available to login with an username and password, you can do so by using nginx HTTP basic auth. This function allows you to stop other people who don't have the logins from accessing the section you are protecting.

      • How to Fix error "nginx: [emerg] unexpected end of file, expecting "}" in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/

        This error means the nginx configuration file has not been configured correctly, or it was configured correctly but you forgot to close the directives with curly braces or ;

        And because of this error nginx won't be able to start or restart, solving this issue is easy, simply follow the steps below

      • How to Download any File using cURL on Linux

        cURL is a very popular and useful command line tool that you can use to download files from the internet but not only, cURL is similar to wget but cURL has a lot of more features and it is the perfect tool to use when downloading or transferring data on any system.

      • How to Block any IP Address on Nginx

        In this tutorial you will learn how to block an IP Address or multiple ip addresses on nginx. This is useful in cases where someone is spamming or attacking your site and you need to block the IP address in order for the attack to stop. However, this is also useful when you need to allow x Ip to access your site or any section on your site.

      • How to Install MATE Desktop in Arch Linux [Complete Guide]

        This guide explains the steps you need to install MATE Desktop in Arch Linux. This guide has two parts. The first part deals with installing the base Arch system. The second part is installing the complete MATE desktop environment on top of Arch Linux.

    • Distributions

      • New Releases

        • LibreELEC (Matrix) 10.0.0

          The final version of LibreELEC 10.0.0 has been released, bringing Kodi (Matrix) v19.1 to LibreELEC users.

          Users of LibreELEC 10 Beta or RC1 get an automatic update to the final version. LibreELEC 9.2 setups will not be automatically updated, you will need to manually update.

          We can offer stable and good working versions for Allwinner, Generic and Rockchip devices. The RPi4 is also in good shape but the codebase is rather new, so it is not polished yet (keep reading for details).

      • PCLinuxOS/Mageia/Mandriva/OpenMandriva Family

        • Chromium browser updated to 92.0.4515.159 €» PCLinuxOS

          Chromium is a free and open-source codebase for a web browser, principally developed and maintained by Google. Google uses the code to make its Chrome web browser, which has additional features.

        • Palemoon browser updated to €» PCLinuxOS

          Pale Moon is an open-source web browser with an emphasis on customizability; its motto is “Your browser, Your way”. There are official releases for Microsoft Windows and Linux, as well as contributed builds for various platforms. Pale Moon originated as a fork of Firefox, but has subsequently diverged.

      • Debian Family

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Rclone cloud storage review 2021 [Ed: Building proprietary (dis)services on top of Free software]

        Rclone is a free cloud storage management software that works with over 40 of the best cloud storage services. An open-source and lightning-fast command-line tool, Rclone has a full range of capabilities, including file syncing, backup, drive mounting, and encryption.

      • Productivity Software/LibreOffice/Calligra

      • Programming/Development

        • Top 18 Open-source Free Vue Dashboard Admin Templates

          Vue is a popular JavaScript framework for building progressive web apps and single page apps.

          The large community of Vue developers love open-source, as they keep enriching its public web libraries with open-source projects as components and ready-to-use interfaces.

          In this collection, we are presenting open-source Vue dashboard and admin panels for developers, which will save them a huge deal of time for development and setup.

        • Excellent Free Tutorials to Master Programming - LinuxLinks

          A quick search of the internet reveals a plethora of tutorials for programmers. No one has time to read even a minuscule fraction of the available material.

          What you need is a curated list of programming tutorials. Better than that. A curated list of free programming tutorials. Free and open source tutorials still have a cost — your precious time. And just because a tutorial is free/open source doesn’t, itself, signify any great quality to the work. Hence the need for some recommendations for free tutorials to help you learn C, C++, Java, Python, R, or whatever language takes your fancy.

          The tutorials we’re recommending will help increase your technical skills and make you proficient in the language of your choice. And some of them even provide a little light relief on the way. Humor can be a great aid to learning.

          Many of the tutorials we recommend offer a solid foundation in learning the relevant programming language. Some are very specialist, some offer a quick overview. There are tutorials targeted at people who have little programming experience, as well as programmers who have learned one or two languages but are looking to widen their skills. Other tutorials are targeted at an intermediate and/or expert level. All are worth reading.

        • Learning by rewriting - bash, jq and fzf details

          My friend Christian Drumm published a nice post this week on Adapting the Bitwarden CLI with Shell Scripting, where he shared a script he wrote to conveniently grab passwords into his paste buffer at the command line.

          It’s a good read and contains some nice CLI animations too. In the summary, Christian remarks that there may be some areas for improvement. I don’t know about that, and I’m certainly no “shell scripting magician” but I thought I’d have a go at modifying the script to perhaps introduce some further Bash shell, jq and fzf features to dig into.

        • Position text on your screen in Linux with ncurses |

          Most Linux utilities just scroll text from the bottom of the screen. But what if you wanted to position text on the screen, such as for a game or a data display? That's where ncurses comes in.

          curses is an old Unix library that supports cursor control on a text terminal screen. The name curses comes from the term cursor control. Years later, others wrote an improved version of curses to add new features, called new curses or ncurses. You can find ncurses in every modern Linux distribution, although the development libraries, header files, and documentation may not be installed by default.

  • Leftovers

    • Science

      • ESA swamped by over 23,000 applicants for astronaut program

        The European Space Agency's astronaut recruitment project has far exceeded its most optimistic forecasts by generating 23,000 applications.

        Upon assessment, around 20 per cent of applicants were found not to meet the requirements for the job, so were quickly informed they would not be considered.

        However "more than 80 per cent of all remaining, eligible applications are still under review," according to Antonella Costa, HR business partner at the Agency (ESA).

      • NASA postpones spacewalk as it would be too much of a pain in the neck for astronaut ● The Register

        NASA on Tuesday postponed a spacewalk after one of the astronauts due to work outside the International Space Station had a “pinched nerve” in his neck.

        US astronaut Mark Vande Hei and Japan's Akihiko Hoshide were hoping to step out into the void at 1230 UTC on August 24. The pair were instructed to install equipment along the spacecraft’s Integrated Truss Structure, the 108.5-metre-long pole that stretches across the length of the ISS, to support upgraded solar panels for the station.

    • Health/Nutrition

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Mirai-style IoT botnet is now scanning for router-pwning critical vuln in Realtek kit

          A denial-of-service vulnerability affecting SDKs for Realtek chipsets used in 65 vendors' IoT devices has been incorporated into a son-of-Mirai botnet, according to new research.

          The remote code execution flaw, CVE-2021-35395, was seen in Mirai malware binaries by threat intel firm Radware, which "found that new malware binaries were published on both loaders leveraged in the campaign."

        • Annke network video recorder vulnerability could see attackers seize control of security cameras

          A remote code execution (RCE) vulnerability in a network video recorder (NVR) manufactured by Annke could result in a complete compromise of the IoT device.

          The critical flaw (CVE-2021-32941) was discovered in the playback functionality of NVR model N48PBB, which captures and records live streams from up to eight IP security cameras and provides centralized, remote management of video surveillance systems.

        • ProxyLogon flaw, evil emails, SQL injections used to open backdoors on Windows boxes

          ESET and TrendMicro have identified a novel and sophisticated backdoor tool that miscreants have slipped onto compromised Windows computers in companies mostly in Asia but also in North America.

          As usual in the infosec world, the pair of security outfits can't agree on a name for this remote-access module. ESET refers to the malware as SideWalk and to the group responsible as SparklingGoblin; TrendMicro prefers ScrambleCross and calls the threat actor Earth Baku, even as it acknowledges that the miscreants are better known as APT41.

          TrendMicro's researchers speculate that the design of the malware indicates that at least one member of the group is familiar with the tools and techniques of security red teams while the SideWalk/ScrambleCross backdoor suggests personnel with deep knowledge of low-level programming and advanced software development.

        • To keep Windows 11 as confusing as possible, Microsoft “clarifies” that clean installs on unsupported PCs get no updates. – BaronHK's Rants

          Almost like a comedy of errors, Microsoft says one thing about Windows 11, and then changes their policy, and then double reverses themselves on the same day.

          Now it comes to light that while you can get around the “unsupported PC” thing by doing a clean installation, you won’t get any updates (including security patches) if you do.

          So, I really hope Microsoft likes pissing everyone off and creating the biggest mass exodus to Linux since Vista. Because what’s coming is essentially another Vista.

          In fact, it may be worse than Vista, because at some point Microsoft declared Project Longhorn to be a disheveled mess that nobody could even make it through the day with and started over, and they can’t even decide what Windows 11 is a month before it launches.

          System requirements double, more DRM, more bugs…..all so you can get, ohhhh, rounded corners. Remember when it was Aero Glass? At least that looked good. That is, as long as you had a Home Premium license, a recent graphics card, a capable driver, and all sorts of other things, and in exchange, it took so much CPU time that your PC sounded like it would go flying off the desk.

          All the while, Linux had Compiz and KWin which could do all sorts of cool effects on any kind of PC you were likely to have around. Why? I think that open source software developers take more pride in their work, while Microsoft just does it as incompetently as possible to create more hardware sales for their partners. Hey, it all ends up in a dump in Mexico with the 3 year old iPhones, right?

        • Researchers, cybersecurity agency urge action by Microsoft cloud database users

          "In my estimation, it's really hard for them, if not impossible, to completely rule out that someone used this before," said one of the four, Wiz Chief Technology Officer Ami Luttwak. At Microsoft he developed tools for logging cloud security incidents.

          Microsoft did not give a direct answer when asked if it had comprehensive logs for the two years when the Jupyter Notebook feature was misconfigured, or had used another way to rule out access abuse.

        • Security

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • Joe Biden is deaf, dumb and blind to the chaos the US has unleashed

              The Taliban, and jihadis around the world, are celebrating that the American leadership has been rendered deaf, dumb, and blind. So dumb are they that the Biden administration allegedly provided the Taliban with names and biometric details of Afghans who have worked for the US over the past two decades, in a show of blind faith that they would allow these at-risk Afghans through checkpoints for evacuation.

            • Tianjin asks govt firms to move data out of Alibaba, Tencent clouds: Document

              The Chinese city of Tianjin has asked municipally controlled companies to migrate their data from private sector operators like Alibaba Group and Tencent Holdings to a state-backed cloud system by next year, according to a document seen by Reuters.

              The push by Tianjin, a city of roughly 14 million people south of Beijing which has provincial-level status, comes as China tightens controls on how companies store and manage the vast troves of data they collect.

              The Tianjin State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission (SASAC), which oversees local government-backed companies, said in the document dated Aug. 12 it was following instructions given by China's cabinet, the State Council.

            • Tianjin asks govt firms to move data out of Alibaba, Tencent clouds-document

              All data should be moved by Sept. 30, 2022, the document said, adding that "guoziyun" was being set up and that preparatory work would be completed by the end of August.

            • Confidentiality

              • T-Mobile CEO apologizes for breach that compromised data of 50 million people

                T-Mobile CEO Mike Sievert on Friday announced that the hacker behind the recent breach of the company that compromised the information of around 50 million individuals had used “brute force” in the attack and apologized for the impact of the breach.

                The apology, made in a statement published Friday, came a week after the company announced that the data of current, former and prospective customers had been compromised, including customer names, dates of birth, Social Security numbers and driver’s license information.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • Why I Deserted: Dissident Joe Glenton on the Futility of the Afghan War and “War on Terror”
      • Opinion | Let's Take the Profit Out of War

        In the 21st century, many of us are used to the murderous mass violence of modern warfare.

      • Afghanistan: The Great Deception
      • Opinion | Things to Know About the Revival of Trump-Era "Remain in Mexico" Policy

        After a whirlwind of court actions this month, the Biden administration will be forced to restart a Trump-era border policy that trapped tens of thousands of people seeking asylum in dangerous conditions in Mexico while they awaited their court dates. The Remain in Mexico Policy, also known as Migrant Protection Protocols (“MPP”) created a€ humanitarian disaster€ at the border and has been the subject of€ ACLU lawsuits€ since it was first instituted in 2019. Here’s what you need to know about the past, present, and future of this harmful policy and its implications for people seeking asylum.

      • 'Not What Ending a War Looks Like': Biden Vows New Strikes in Retaliation for Kabul Blast

        Even as he planned to withdraw all remaining U.S. troops from Afghanistan€ by August 31, President Joe€ Biden said Saturday that the drone strike that was launched Friday night in retaliation for an attack claimed€ by ISIS-K "was not the last."

        "We will continue to hunt down any person involved in that heinous attack and make them pay,"€ the president€ said in a statement Saturday afternoon. "Whenever anyone seeks to harm the United States or attack our troops, we will respond. That will never be in doubt."

      • Amazon disables website used for ISIS propaganda

        An AWS spokesperson told The Hill that the propaganda group's app was "not running on AWS," but added that "following an investigation, we have disabled a website that was linked to this app as it was in violation of the AWS Acceptable Use Policy (AUP)."

        nder the policy, domains under AWS may not use the platform to “threaten, incite, promote, or actively encourage violence, terrorism, or other serious harm,” or “for any illegal or fraudulent activity,” among other prohibited actions.

      • The sunset of the West and Islam: From US bombs to the return of the Taliban

        In the Islamic tradition, the principle that Islam as such must be both religion and State (dīn wa-dawla wa duniyā), and that the term secularism (‘ilmaniyya) is synonymous with atheism, materialism, permissiveness, moral decadence, etc., is fundamental, especially in the countries allied with the West (Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, etc.), and in those which are not allied with it. In each of them the institutional presence of other faiths is rarely allowed – and this from a purely legal viewpoint.

      • Experts warn of dangers from breach of voter system software

        Election security pioneer Harri Hursti was at the South Dakota event and said he and other researchers in attendance were provided three separate copies of election management systems that run on the Dominion software. The data indicated they were from Antrim and Mesa counties. While it’s not clear how the copies came to be released at the event, they were posted online and made available for public download.

        The release gives hackers a “practice environment” to probe for vulnerabilities they could exploit and a road map to avoid defenses, Hursti said. All the hackers would need is physical access to the systems because they are not supposed to be connected to the internet.

        “The door is now wide open,” Hursti said. “The only question is, how do you sneak in the door?”

    • Environment

      • Ida’s Landfall Imminent, Disaster Expert General Russel Honoré Says Time to Declare Climate Emergency

        Hurricane Ida was known as “Tropical Depression Nine” on Wednesday, August 25, when Ret. Lieutenant General Russel Honor造held a press€ conference in Lake Charles, Louisiana in a parking lot across from the Capital One Tower — which remains shuttered€  a year after Hurricane Laura knocked out many of the building’s mirrored glass windows. He urged state and federal officials to€ stop permitting€ LNG terminals and other massive fossil fuel projects in the Gulf Coast’s “hurricane€ alley.”

        With a new storm threatening Lake Charles and the rest of the Gulf Coast, Honoré called for an end to the decade-long buildout of massive fossil fuel plants along the Gulf Coast, citing the hazards the plants cause during storms as well as the role they play in causing climate change, which has made hurricanes more powerful and dangerous in recent years.

        Stay up to date with DeSmog news and alerts

      • Don’t Let the Fossil Fuel Industry Pivot to Toxic Plastics and Chemicals

        As the United States comes to grips with the climate crisis, fossil fuels will slowly recede from being primary sources of energy. That’s the good news. But the bad news is that the petrochemical industry is counting on greatly increasing the production of plastics and toxic chemicals made from fossil fuels to profit from its reserves of oil and gas.

        That transition is why the challenges of climate, plastic pollution and chemical toxicity — which at first might each seem like distinct problems — are actually interrelated and require a systems approach to resolve. The danger is that if we focus on only a single metric, like greenhouse gas emissions, we may unintentionally encourage the shift from fuel to plastics and chemicals that are also unsafe and unsustainable.

      • How to fight microplastic pollution with magnets

        It was on his local beach that Ferreira came up with a solution that could extract microplastics from water. "I found some oil spill residue with loads of plastic attached to it," he says. "I realised that oil could be used to attract plastic."

        Ferreira mixed vegetable oil with iron oxide powder to create a magnetic liquid, also known as ferrofluid. He then blended in microplastics from a wide range of everyday items, including plastic bottles, paint and car tyres, and water from the washing machine.

        After the microplastics attached themselves to the ferrofluid, Ferreira used a magnet to remove the solution and leave behind only water.

      • Rebuilding Haiti with bamboo and hemp

        Bamboo is a proven earthquake-resistant building material and, given its staggering growth rate, an ideal plant for sustainably rebuilding in areas devastated by earthquakes. The best bamboo cultivars for construction grow to heights of between 40 and 50 feet. Bamboo possesses high tensile strength equivalent to low-carbon steel. Using bamboo in home construction can greatly reduce need for steel and wood, significantly lowering building costs.

        Likewise, the woody core of hemp can be used to create hempcrete, a lightweight, cement-like material that can be used as insulation and to build bricks and non-weight bearing wall panels that won’t crush people in an earthquake.

        The failure to invest in hemp is tied to draconian bans on the cultivation of cannabis. The Haitian government has made low-THC hemp plants illegal, putting out of reach this multi-faceted plant, whose fibers, seeds, flowers and leaves can be used in products ranging from cannabidiol to nutritious protein to industrial ropes and building materials.

      • Overpopulation

        • Brazil water survey heightens alarm over extreme drought

          In Brazil’s Amazon rainforest, water that evaporates then travels on air currents to provide rainfall far afield. But some climate experts argue that the Amazon is headed for a “tipping point” in 10 to 15 years: if too much forest is destroyed, the Amazon would begin an irreversible process of degradation into tropical savannah.

    • Finance

      • Opinion | Big, Bold, and Visionary Government Can Work—If We Let It

        The Senate’s€ passage€ of a $1 trillion infrastructure package—with another $3.5 trillion plan waiting in the wings—provides an opportunity for Americans to consider how prevailing notions about society, prosperity, and economics are often false and destructive.€ 

      • Opinion | Billionaires Need to Get on Board With More Taxes or Expect the Pitchforks

        In the summer of 2014, in the wake of the Occupy movement that targeted concentrated wealth, tech entrepreneur Nick Hanauer issued a€ warning to his fellow billionaires: "The pitchforks are coming." At the time, Hanauer noted, the super-rich such as himself were rapidly growing their bank accounts while poverty swelled and the social safety net continued to be shredded. And, he concluded, "No society can sustain this kind of rising inequality. In fact, there is no example in human history where wealth accumulated like this and the pitchforks didn't eventually come€ out."

      • Sanders Pitches $3.5 Trillion Spending Bill to Thousands at Indiana Town Hall

        Addressing more than 2,300 people in West Lafayette, Indiana Friday night, Sen.€ Bernie Sanders made the case for the $3.5 trillion spending plan to invest heavily in human infrastructure, explaining how the proposed€ budget currently being written by Senate and House committees following passage in the House is "the most consequential legislation for working people since the New Deal."

        "When more than 2,300 people come out in the middle of the hottest summer on record in West Lafayette, Indiana to hear Bernie Sanders€ talk about the $3.5 trillion Senate reconciliation bill, you're doing something right."—Misty Rebik, Sanders' chief of staff

      • Poly Network says it's got pretty much all of that $610m in stolen crypto-coins back

        Poly Network says virtually all of the crypto-currency funds, valued at $610m, stolen from it by a thief have been returned.

        The mysterious crook siphoned off the dosh earlier this month by exploiting a vulnerability in the Chinese exchange's smart contracts that handle the movement of tokens between blockchains.

        The thief, dubbed Mr White Hat by Poly Network, promised to hand the funds back, claiming it was just done for fun and to highlight the security flaw. A portion was given back earlier this month, and the rest has been returned, apparently. The coins will be funneled back to their rightful owners – Poly Network's users stiffed in the record-breaking cyber-heist.

        Specifically, some of the remaining funds were held in a wallet that could only be unlocked with the binary bandit's help; the private key needed to access those funds was given up to Poly some hours ago.

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • 58 Years After Historic Rally, Thousands March on Washington for Voting Rights, DC Statehood

        A summer marked€ by rallies, motorcades, and pressure campaigns targeting lawmakers standing in the way of voting rights legislation culminated on Saturday in the 2021 March on Washington, where thousands demanded that Congress pass far-reaching measures to protect and expand the right to vote.€ 

      • After 25 Years, There’s a Reason MSNBC Can’t Look Back

        On July 12, 2021, a photo of Rachel Maddow was posted to the “Community” tab of MSNBC’s YouTube account. The accompanying text read:

      • Mike Lindell's election software handout a gift to [crackers], experts say: "The door is now wide open"

        According to election security expert Harri Hursti, who attended Lindell's South Dakota event, he claims he and others were handed "three separate copies of election management systems that run on the Dominion software" which can be used for practicing entering systems.

        Speaking with the Guardian, he explained, "The door is now wide open," before adding that all [crackers] would need is "... physical access to the systems because they are not supposed to be connected to the [Internet]."

        Kevin Skoglund, an election technology expert, agreed saying sabotage, including changing election results could be possible.

    • Misinformation/Disinformation

      • Truth Seekers Summit: ‘Weapons of Mass Disinformation’

        In a polarized and fractured society, the truth can be a subjective thing. In this panel, Rolling Stone Washington, D.C. Bureau Chief Andy Kroll talks to Vice journalist Anna Merlan (Republic of Lies), writer and producer Billy Ray (The Comey Rule), PBS News Hour White House Correspondent Yamiche Alcindor, former White House Chief of Staff John Podesta, and writer and director Cullen Hoback (Q: Into the Storm) about how the challenges of presenting the truth have transformed in modern society, and why people have such a hard time exiting their filter bubbles and getting to a single, agreed-upon truth.

        The panelists discussed how social media platforms “promote and hype” disinformation to increase their revenue stream and the erosion of privacy and “algorithms are feeding us increasingly extreme and sensational because they’re motivated to keep our attention.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • Cyber Law Gives Cuba New Way to Silence Critics, Analysts Say

        Decree 35 was passed last week, following the biggest anti-government protests in decades, as Cubans called for better living conditions amid economic hardship and the pandemic. Details of the unrest spread in part because of social media.

        The new law is aimed at content or messages that Havana deems to be false news, offensive or that may incite acts “that upset public order." Under it, anyone who tries to “subvert the constitutional order” will be considered a cyberterrorist.

        A special channel also has been set up for citizens to inform on anyone who breaks the law.

      • Judge Rules Exemption Exists in Section 230 for Twitter FOSTA Case

        “In sum, the Court finds that Plaintiffs have stated a claim for civil liability under the [Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act] on the basis of beneficiary liability and that the claim falls within the exemption to Section 230 immunity created by FOSTA.”

    • Civil Rights/Policing

    • Monopolies

      • Apple Avoids Another Legal Fight With App Developers

        Under the new settlement, Apple also said it would create a $100 million fund for payouts to small app developers and agreed to not raise the commission rate for small developers, which it reduced last year to 15 percent from 30 percent, for at least three years.

      • Apple has changed its App Store rules, and Apple’s critics aren’t satisfied

        And the real answer is ... this is somewhere in between a big deal and a nothingburger.

        But the real story is that scrutiny over the way Apple runs its store, and whether it is preventing companies from offering real competition to both the App Store and Apple-owned services like Apple Music, isn’t going away. If you’re an Apple user who only cares about how much you have to pay for something like Spotify, this might be of interest to you.

      • Intellectual Property Bulletin - Summer 2021 [Ed: Shamelessly conflating inventions with patents and wrongly implying that looking to invalidate improper and ruinous patents is an attack (inversion of defence/attack narratives)]

        In Minerva v. Hologic, the Supreme Court recently upheld the patent-law doctrine of assignor estoppel—which bars the inventor assignor of a patent from denying the validity of their previously assigned patent—but the Court did rein the doctrine in. We assess the implications of Minerva and look at tools employers and other assignees have to strengthen assignor estoppel claims on their patents in light of the ruling.

      • Docket Alarm To Unveil New “Enhance” Feature that Provides Actionable Insights and Empowers Litigation Feeds [Ed: Digital crack-cocaine for the overzealous litigation 'industry']
      • Going for gold: counsel ponder ‘moment marketing’ legal impact [Ed: So-called 'publicity rights' as another kind of laughable monopoly]

        Sources including the agency representing an Indian Olympian embroiled in a marketing controversy discuss the impact on publicity rights law

      • Patents

        • Introduction to 2020 Top Ten Patent Reexamination/Invalidation Cases (Mechanical)

          In the top ten patent reexamination & invalidation cases of 2020 announced by the China National Intellectual Property Administration (CNIPA), three are related to mechanical technologies. According to the CNIPA, these cases were selected for their guiding value in certain topics typical for patent examination, as well as the considerable social attention focused on them. The opinions reflected in the Decisions of these cases would undoubtedly impose great influence on the practices of both substantial examination and invalidation, and can be cited as supporting reference or evidence to benefit similar cases. Therefore, we summarize below the case brief and typical significance of these cases.

        • Setting AI to rights | E&ampT Magazine [Ed: "Hey Hi" is just more meaningless nonsense and hype; also, those are not "rights" and calling them that is basically spreading lies and misdirection]

          High-performance cloud-based compute power has brought AI within reach of a wide range of businesses, giving the technology the chance to show how it can make commercial processes run more profitably. ‘Revenue from AI’ (RAI) looks set to become a trending industry acronym and to help win more funding for next-generation AI product development.

          Demand for AI solutions seems assuredly destined for significant growth, with the global market expected to be worth between $126bn (Omdia) and $390bn (Grand View Research) by 2025; PwC reckons AI could contribute up to $15.7tn (€£1.11tn) to global economies by 2030. Such projections are highly attractive to nation states keen to boost their GNIs into the 2020s. Big-hitters like China, India, Russia, Saudi Arabia, and the UK have stepped up to declare their intentions to become global centres for AI innovation.

        • Opinion: Albright’s recent transfer approval shows he’s fair [Ed: Patrick Wingrove is still whitewashing the most malicious judges in the world, who basically deny the law to turn courts into for-profit corporations until higher courts lash out at them]

          The Western District of Texas judge gets a bad rap for his handling of transfer motions, but the stats and his edict for Smile Direct Club suggest he shouldn’t

        • US Is Urged To Oppose Brazil's Vaccine IP Waiver Bill [Ed: US urged to assassinate millions of people using patents, or deny access to pandemic mitigation techniques in order to enrich already far-to-rich patent overlords]

          The Intellectual Property Owners Association has urged the Biden administration to speak out against a Brazilian bill to temporarily waive patent rights and grant compulsory licenses for COVID-19 vaccines and medicine, a measure the group warned would have an "immediate chilling effect" on vaccine research around the world.

          In a Tuesday letter addressed to both U.S. Trade Representative Katherine C. Tai and acting Director of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Drew Hirshfeld, the association's president delivered a stern warning that the trade group's members were watching the proposed Brazilian law with unease.

        • Germany Formally Ratifies The Agreement On A Unified Patent Court [Ed: This is false. It is a lie. It is fake news from a longtime Team UPC parasite, Dehns.]
        • Can AI Be An Inventor? New Legal Judgments Say Yes. [Ed: Only two fairly irrelevant (in the patent context) countries fell for this rick-rolling by Thaler]

          Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning are changing the way organizations innovate. These systems are streamlining the innovative process and are becoming valuable tools to create new solutions to various problems. The challenge has been whether a solution developed by a machine can apply for patent protection. This question has significant implications for what technologies companies can protect with patents.

        • Immutep (ASX:IMM) share price jumps 5% on Chinese patent grant

          Immutep shares are on the move as the company announced it had been granted a Chinese patent on one of its antibody molecules.

        • Immutep Announces Chinese Patent Grant for LAG-3 Antagonist Antibody LAG525
        • Immutep Announces Chinese Patent Grant for LAG-3 Antagonist
        • Immutep Announces Chinese Patent Grant for LAG-3 Antagonist

          This new Chinese patent follows the grant of the corresponding Australian, United States, European, and Japanese patents announced in 2018 through 2020.

        • More IP Resources for Enterprises to Emerge Stronger from the Pandemic - IPOS [Ed: Singapore prioritises monopolies (or its oligarchs who rule the country) at the expense of public health]

          More IP resources were announced for enterprises to grow their businesses and emerge stronger from the pandemic. This was announced by Minister for Culture, Community and Youth and Second Minister for Law Mr. Edwin Tong at the launch of the annual Intellectual Property Week (IP Week @ SG 2021), according to the official website of the Intellectual Property Office of Singapore (IPOS).

          Said Mr. Tong: “In line with the Singapore IP Strategy (SIPS) 2030, which we launched earlier this April, we are introducing a suite of resources to help enterprises maximize the value of their intangible assets (IA) and intellectual property (IP). We hope that these initiatives will provide continued growth opportunities for Singaporean enterprises and IP professionals and in turn strengthen Singapore’s position as a global IA and IP hub. This has also taken on added importance as enterprises position themselves to emerge stronger from the pandemic.”

          IPOS currently runs complimentary IP business and legal clinics with its network of IP law firms and business consultancy firms once a week. From September 2021, enterprises can access a larger pool of IP practitioners that they can seek advice from during a clinic session.

        • Federal Court rules AI can be 'inventor' [Ed: Australia has been making itself seem utterly gullible and foolish; but some publishers fail to see that]

          The Australian Federal Court has ruled that artificial intelligence (AI) systems can be inventors of patentable inventions in a landmark case.

          Justice Jonathon Beach handed down his ruling on Friday, saying an inventor could legally be an AI system, but that such a system “could not be the owner, controller or patentee” of a patentable invention.

      • Trademarks

        • Five IP trends in Argentina counsel should know about [Ed: How to oversell trademarks to people who neither comprehend nor needs trademark "protection"]

          Argentine practitioners reflect on how 2018 and 2019 changes have made trademark work easier on clients, and contemplate joining the PCT

        • Amazon Launches IP Accelerator in Singapore to Help Small Businesses Secure Trademarks and Protect Their Brands [Ed: Bezos passes money to trademark lawyers to shield himself from criticism while his company recklessly sales dodgy products]

          Today, Amazon (NASDAQ: AMZN) launched the Intellectual Property Accelerator (IP Accelerator) in Singapore, making it easier and more cost effective for small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs) to obtain trademarks, protect their brands and tackle infringing goods both in Amazon's stores and the broader marketplace.

      • Copyrights

        • Why Apple Won Its Legal Settlement With Developers

          Apple said Thursday that it had reached a legal settlement with app developers who accused it of abusing its control of the mobile-app market.

          The settlement of the lawsuit was complex, and various people in the tech industry had widely different reactions to it. Apple and the people who sued it framed the deal as a major concession from Apple and a victory for developers. Some of Apple’s critics, including companies that pay it millions of dollars in app fees, called it a “sham” that did little to change Apple’s control over apps.

          Here is an explanation of the settlement and what it means.

        • The most popular posts on Facebook are plagiarized

          Today, I want to look at two aspects of the data. First, we’ll look at the most-viewed posts on Facebook over the past quarter to see where they originally came from. Second, we’ll look at one of the most popular links on the platform, which may be running a grift on US military veterans.

        • It's the end of an era as popular Usenet platform Newzbin shuts down - Techzim

          In the beginning, when there was only Unix, there was the internet and Usenet. Most people are only familiar with the web part of the internet. In fact, a lot of people think the web and the internet are one and the same thing. This is mentality is going to become even more pervasive and entrenched after one of the world’s most popular and free Usenet indexers, Newzbin announced it was shutting down.

          The history and reinvention of Usenet

          You see before Vint Cerf came along with his magical idea of the web we now use and love the most popular way of interacting online was through a system known as Usenet. It was created in 1980-so it’s about as old as our beloved motherland.

        • Simultaneous Releases Make Movie Piracy More (& Less) Appealing

          Movie studios are increasingly experimenting with shorter release windows or even simultaneous theatrical and digital premieres. This is good news for consumers, who have more choice. This drastic decision is also changing the piracy landscape, which worries some stakeholders. However, we caution everyone from jumping to conclusions.

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