09.09.11

Gemini version available ♊︎

Cablegate: Microsoft Asks US Government to Help Derail Vietnam’s Migration to GNU/Linux, Wants to Treat Vietnamese Like ‘Pirates’ Instead

Posted in America, Asia, Cablegate, GNU/Linux, Microsoft at 4:20 am by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Cablegate

Summary: Another example of an attack on Vietnam’s desire for digital independence, where the attacker is both federal and corporate (a hybrid)

Vietnam made some headlines in recent years as it said it would migrate to Free software in government (GVN). As we have shown in recent days, Microsoft has used some nefarious means to stifle Vietnam’s moves towards such digital independence and the American government was helping Microsoft do that. Now we are seeing another Cablegate cable where “Microsoft representatives also highlighted their concerns about recent GVN comments that it plans to switch to open source software (like Linux) to “fix” its IPR problems. While acknowledging that the decision on what type of software the GVN wants to use is up to the Government, Microsoft asked us to help convey the message that the GVN should not switch to open source for the “wrong reasons.” Switching to open source does not insulate the GVN from the responsibility of ensuring that all software used by the GVN is legitimately licensed, Microsoft asserted. Econoffs noted they had already raised this issue with the GVN.”

Why are state department officials lobbying for Microsoft like this? Do they not respect Vietnam’s right to independence?


UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 HANOI 000966 
 
SIPDIS 
 
SENSITIVE 
 
STATE FOR EB/IPC:DRBEAN, EAP/BCLTV AND EB/ODC 
STATE ALSO PASS USTR BURCKY/ALVAREZ AND BRYAN 
STATE ALSO PASS USPTO FOR URBAN 
STATE ALSO PASS LIBRARY OF CONGRESS FOR TEPP 
USDOC FOR LASHLEY AND 4431/MAC/AP/OKSA/HPPHO 
USDOC ALSO FOR ITA/TD/OTEA/JJANICKE AND ITA/TD/SIF/CMUIR 
 
E.O. 12958: N/A 
TAGS: KIPR, ETRD, ECON, VN, IPROP 
SUBJECT: VIETNAM: MICROSOFT FOCUSED ON IPR 
 
SENSITIVE BUT UNCLASSIFIED PROTECT ACCORDINGLY 
 
REF:  HCMC 367 
 
1. (SBU) Summary.  While disappointed in the lack of 
progress in improving IPR protection in Vietnam, Microsoft 
remains committed to engaging the GVN on this critical 
issue.  Microsoft and Business Software Alliance (BSA) 
representatives are looking at ways to encourage the GVN to 
adopt a legitimate software initiative and asked the USG to 
encourage the Prime Minister to send a letter to all GVN 
agencies ordering them to use only legitimate software.  End 
summary. 
 
2.  (SBU) On March 30, Economic/C and Econoff met with 
Singapore and Bangkok-based representatives of Microsoft and 
the Business Software Alliance (BSA) to discuss Intellectual 
Property Rights issues in Vietnam.  Microsoft employees were 
both regional senior managers and corporate government 
affairs representatives.  Throughout the meeting it was 
clear that while Microsoft is frustrated with the lack of 
progress on IPR issues in Vietnam, it is committed to 
finding opportunities to engage with the GVN and to work out 
a strategy to develop positive momentum for change. 
Microsoft representatives indicated they would continue to 
engage senior level officials, including at the DPM level, 
to prioritize IPR issues. 
 
3. (U) Econoffs explained that the Ambassador and Econoffs 
frequently highlight to GVN officials at every level two key 
points on the importance of IPR to Vietnam: 
 
-- The GVN has prioritized attracting foreign direct 
investment (FDI) to Vietnam.  Strong IPR is a critical 
factor attracting FDI, not only in the IT sector, but also 
across the board.  Econoffs suggested that Microsoft work 
with other international software and hardware companies 
(including its competitors) to deliver a unified message to 
the GVN that IT companies will not look seriously at Vietnam 
until there is better IP protection.  Microsoft noted that 
the Business Software Alliance (BSA) included a number of 
both hardware and software firms and was be a good vehicle 
for making such an approach. 
 
-- Strong IPR enforcement is critical to the development of 
domestic industries that depend on IP - most notably the IT 
sector.  Econoffs recommended Vietnam work with and provide 
assistance to the Vietnam Software Association (VINASA) to 
help this organization develop itself as a stronger advocate 
for the domestic software industry and improve VINASA's 
ability to influence government policy vis--vis IPR. 
 
 
4. (SBU) Microsoft representatives noted that in their 
experience several things have to happen before a country is 
capable of effective IPR enforcement.  First, Vietnam needs 
a strong legal framework that includes significant penalties 
for enforcement.  Additionally high-level engagement on the 
issue is necessary.  Microsoft noted that in some countries, 
a letter from the Prime Minister to all government agencies 
(on IP protection, including the use of legitimate software) 
has been the catalyst for change.  And, of course, there is 
the need for effective enforcement.  Finally, Microsoft 
noted that development of the private sector is also 
important - a domestic constituent base interested in IP 
enforcement is useful in engaging government action. 
 
5. (SBU) Microsoft wants to encourage the GVN to ensure that 
all Government offices use only legitimate software. 
However, cost is clearly a concern for the GVN as well as an 
excuse for the negligible progress the GVN has made in this 
regard.  Microsoft is looking into the possibility of IFI 
funding (ADB, WB etc) or concessionary commercial financing 
for a GVN strategy to implement a legitimate software 
initiative for all or some GVN national government entities. 
Microsoft representatives asked that in our engagement with 
the GVN - perhaps at the next BTA Joint Committee meeting in 
May - we suggest that a positive and tangible step the GVN 
could take on IPR would be to have the Prime Minister send a 
letter to all government agencies instructing them to use 
only legitimate software. 
 
6. (SBU) Microsoft representatives also highlighted their 
concerns about recent GVN comments that it plans to switch 
to open source software (like Linux) to "fix" its IPR 
problems.  While acknowledging that the decision on what 
type of software the GVN wants to use is up to the 
Government, Microsoft asked us to help convey the message 
that the GVN should not switch to open source for the "wrong 
reasons."  Switching to open source does not insulate the 
GVN from the responsibility of ensuring that all software 
used by the GVN is legitimately licensed, Microsoft 
asserted.  Econoffs noted they had already raised this issue 
with the GVN. 
 
7. Comment:  Many of the factors Microsoft mentions as 
essential for strong IPR protection are beginning to come 
together in Vietnam.  While the private sector still faces 
significant disadvantages vis-a-vis the state-owned sector, 
greater attention is being given to the importance of 
fostering the private sector development each day.  New, 
albeit fledgling, business and music associations are 
cropping up with IPR enforcement at the top of their list of 
priorities.  In addition, donors (including the USAID-funded 
Support for Trade AcceleRation (STAR) Project) and the GVN 
are dedicating significant resources toward revising IPR- 
related legislation, including Vietnam's Civil Code, Civil 
Procedure Code and regulations on remedies.  However, the 
GVN is not "leading by example" on the issue of copyright 
piracy.  Government agencies of all shapes and sizes are 
loaded down with pirated software.  An effort by the GVN to 
move toward comprehensive use of legitimate software - even 
if it is done ministry by ministry - would be a significant 
step forward and we should do everything we can to encourage 
and support such an effort. 
BURGHARDT 


These cables are crucial bits of evidence that show how Microsoft uses politics to get deals rather than rely on technical merit. There is also a subversion of laws in other countries (US-style laws imposed). At a later date we are going to organise all this evidence in our wiki.

Share in other sites/networks: These icons link to social bookmarking sites where readers can share and discover new web pages.
  • Reddit
  • email

Decor ᶃ Gemini Space

Below is a Web proxy. We recommend getting a Gemini client/browser.

Black/white/grey bullet button This post is also available in Gemini over at this address (requires a Gemini client/browser to open).

Decor ✐ Cross-references

Black/white/grey bullet button Pages that cross-reference this one, if any exist, are listed below or will be listed below over time.

Decor ▢ Respond and Discuss

Black/white/grey bullet button If you liked this post, consider subscribing to the RSS feed or join us now at the IRC channels.

DecorWhat Else is New


  1. Links 05/02/2023: Pakistan Blocks Wikipedia, Musharraf Dies

    Links for the day



  2. IRC Proceedings: Saturday, February 04, 2023

    IRC logs for Saturday, February 04, 2023



  3. Links 04/02/2023: FOSDEM Happening and Ken Thompson in SoCal Linux Expo

    Links for the day



  4. 2023 is the Year Taxpayers' Money Goes to War and Energy Subsidies, Not Tech

    Now that a lot of powerful and omnipresent ‘tech’ (spying and policing) companies are rotting away we have golden opportunities to bring about positive change and maybe even recruit technical people for good causes



  5. Getting Back to Productive Computer Systems Would Benefit Public Health and Not Just Boost Productivity

    “Smartphoneshame” (shaming an unhealthy culture of obsession with “apps”) would potentially bring about a better, more sociable society with fewer mental health crises and higher productivity levels



  6. Links 04/02/2023: This Week in KDE and Many More Tech Layoffs

    Links for the day



  7. Dotcom Boom and Bust, Round 2

    The age of technology giants/monopolies devouring everything or military-funded (i.e. taxpayers-subsidised) surveillance/censorship tentacles, in effect privatised eyes of the state, may be ending; the United States can barely sustain that anymore and raising the debt ceiling won't solve that (buying time isn't the solution)



  8. Society Would Benefit From a Smartphoneshame Movement

    In a society plagued by blackmail, surveillance and frivolous lawsuits it is important to reconsider the notion of “smart” phone ownership; these devices give potentially authoritarian companies and governments far too much power over people (in the EU they want to introduce new legislation that would, in effect, ban Free software if it enables true privacy)



  9. IRC Proceedings: Friday, February 03, 2023

    IRC logs for Friday, February 03, 2023



  10. IRC Proceedings: Thursday, February 02, 2023

    IRC logs for Thursday, February 02, 2023



  11. Links 03/02/2023: Proton 7.0-6 Released, ScummVM 2.7 Testing

    Links for the day



  12. Links 03/02/2023: OpenSSH 9.2 and OBS Studio 29.0.1

    Links for the day



  13. Links 03/02/2023: GNU C Library 2.37

    Links for the day



  14. Sirius Finished

    Yesterday I was sent a letter approving my resignation from Sirius ‘Open Source’, two months after I had already announced that I was resigning with immediate effect; they sent an identical letter to my wife (this time, unlike before, they remembered to also change the names!!)



  15. The Collapse of Sirius in a Nutshell: How to Identify the Symptoms and Decide When to Leave

    Sirius is finished, but it's important to share the lessons learned with other people; there might be other "pretenders" out there and they need to be abandoned



  16. Links 03/02/2023: WINE 8.1 and RapidDisk 9.0.0

    Links for the day



  17. Links 02/02/2023: KDE Gear 22.12.2 and LibreOffice 7.5

    Links for the day



  18. Linux News or Marketing Platform?

    Ads everywhere: Phoronix puts them at the top, bottom, navigation bar, left, and right just to read some Microsoft junk (puff pieces about something that nobody other than Microsoft even uses); in addition there are pop-ups asking for consent to send visitors’ data to hundreds of data brokers



  19. Daily Links at Techrights Turn 15, Time to Give Them an Upgrade

    This year we have several 15-year anniversaries; one of them is Daily Links (it turned 15 earlier this week) and we've been working to improve these batches of links, making them a lot more extensive and somewhat better structured/clustered



  20. Back to Focusing on Unified Patent Court (UPC) Crimes and Illegal Patent Agenda, Including the EPO's

    The EPO's (European Patent Office, Europe's second-largest institution) violations of constitutions, laws and so on merit more coverage, seeing that what's left of the "media" not only fails to cover scandalous things but is actively cheering for criminals (in exchange for money)



  21. European Patent Office Staff Votes in Favour of Freedom of Association (97% of Voters in Support)

    The Central Staff Committee (CSC) at the EPO makes a strong case for António Campinos to stop breaking and law and actually start obeying court orders (he’s no better than Benoît Battistelli and he uses worse language already)



  22. Links 02/02/2023: Glibc 2.37 and Go 1.20

    Links for the day



  23. IRC Proceedings: Wednesday, February 01, 2023

    IRC logs for Wednesday, February 01, 2023



  24. Links 01/02/2023: Security Problems, Unrest, and More

    Links for the day



  25. Links 01/02/2023: Stables Kernels and Upcoming COSMIC From System76

    Links for the day



  26. IRC Proceedings: Tuesday, January 31, 2023

    IRC logs for Tuesday, January 31, 2023



  27. Links 31/01/2023: Catchup Again, Wayland in Xfce 4.20

    Links for the day



  28. Links 31/01/2023: elementary OS 7

    Links for the day



  29. Intimidation Against Nitrux Development Team Upsets the Community and Makes the Media Less Trustworthy

    Nitrux is being criticised for being “very unappealing”; but a look behind the scenes reveals an angry reviewer (habitual mouthpiece of the Linux Foundation and Linux foes) trying to intimidate Nitrux developers, who are unpaid volunteers rather than “corporate” developers



  30. Links 31/01/2023: GNOME 44 Wallpapers and Alpha

    Links for the day


RSS 64x64RSS Feed: subscribe to the RSS feed for regular updates

Home iconSite Wiki: You can improve this site by helping the extension of the site's content

Home iconSite Home: Background about the site and some key features in the front page

Chat iconIRC Channel: Come and chat with us in real time

Recent Posts