09.06.11

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Cablegate: Evidence of Yet More Microsoft OOXML Lobbying Through Politicians

Posted in America, Microsoft, Open XML, OpenDocument, Patents at 3:31 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Cablegate

Summary: Microsoft’s Michel Levy uses propaganda to daemonise a pro-ODF policy, insult the president’s pro-freedom policies, and pressure politicians to permit proprietary lock-in

IN THE YEARS 2007-2008 we spent a lot of time covering OOXML corruption. Microsoft had done in a few months the amount of misconduct most companies do not do throughout their entire existence. James Love has found this newly-release cable which shows lobbying for Microsoft in Brazil, at taxpayers’ expense and against the interests of taxpayers. Quoting Mr. Love:

Levy claimed to be in possession of unsigned letters from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (which is referred to as “Itamaraty” in the cable), to foreign governments, asking that they collaborate to support the open source ODF as the international standard. Of course, if this was true, it would not be surprising, since at the time, there was broad support among non-US governments, non-Microsoft software companies, consumer groups and free software advocates to push for ODF as an open standard for file formats.

The cable says that Microsoft was seeking confidential advice, rather than advocacy, from the Ambassador. Such advice was forthcoming: “Ambassador Sobel did offer advice on various SIPDIS approaches Microsoft could take in generating support for standards that would have room for both ODF and XML software.”

The subject of the original cable is “MICROSOFT SEES GOB ATTACKS AGAINST IPR” (GOB is Government of Brazil and IPR is a propaganda term for copyrights and patents). Here is the original Cablegate cable:


ZCZCXYZ0026
 OO RUEHWEB 
DE RUEHSO #1001 3551359
 ZNY CCCCC ZZH (CCY ADDED CAPTION AD04181F2 MSI3697 508,
 O 211359Z DEC 07
 FM AMCONSUL SAO PAULO TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 7773
 INFO RUEHBR/AMEMBASSY BRASILIA IMMEDIATE 8916
 RUEAWJF/DEPT OF JUSTICE WASHDC IMMEDIATE
 RUEATRS/DEPT OF TREASURY WASHDC IMMEDIATE
 RUCPDOC/DEPT OF COMMERCE WASHINGTON DC IMMEDIATE
C O N F I D E N T I A L SAO PAULO 001001
 SIPDIS
 SIPDIS
 (C O R R E C T E D C O P Y: ADDED SIPDIS CAPTION)
 E.O. 12958: DECL: 12/20/2017
 TAGS: ECON[Economic Conditions], ETRD[Foreign Trade], ECIN?[Economic Integration and 
Cooperation], PREL[External Political Relations] 
SUBJECT: MICROSOFT SEES GOB ATTACKS AGAINST IPR
Classified By: Econ/Pol Chief James Story for reasons 1.5 b and d. 

¶1. (C) SUMMARY: In a December 20 meeting in Sao Paulo with Ambassador Sobel, Microsoft 
Brazil President Michel Levy stated that current GOB policies are antagonistic towards Intellectual
Property Rights (IPR). According to Levy, the GOB through the Foreign Ministry (Itamaraty) has
mounted an international campaign to discredit Microsoft's proprietary XML format and is pushing
for countries to adopt the ODF (Open Document Format) at the expense of XML at the March 
meeting of the International Standards Organization in Geneva. Levy sees both ideological issues 
as well as commercial interests at work in the GOB position. END SUMMARY. 

¶2. (C) Microsoft Brazil President Michel Levy requested a meeting with Ambassador Sobel 
on December 20 to discuss ways forward on working with what he characterized as an 
antagonistic GOB. According to Levy, Itamaraty has pressured the purportedly independent 
Brazilian Technical Standards Agency, ABNT to adopt a more aggressive posture against 
using XML as one of two possible standards, along with ODF, in Brazil. In addition, Levy 
stated that he is in the possession of unsigned letters from Itamaraty to various foreign 
governments requesting that the governments work together to support only the open source 
ODF as the international standard. 

¶3. (C) Levy believes that this issue has turned ideological and is a manifestation of 
anti-Americanism within Itamaraty. He cited President Lula's Chief of Staff Dilma Rousseff as 
well as high-ranking advisor Celso Alvarez as being the chief architects of an anti-IPR, anti-royalties 
strategy within the GOB. According to Levy, these advisors have convinced President Lula that 
there is no difference between ODF and proprietary XML software. His main concern is that the 
GOB will use the ABNT to adopt an ODF only standard by decree rather than going through 
Congress where Microsoft would at least have an opportunity to explain the differences between 
the software systems. Levy used as an example that all of Embraer's designs are created through 
XML and that the current ODF software simply can't do the same job. If ODF is the only 
standard, Levy argued, there could be economic ramifications for Brazil. 

¶4. (C) Levy then pointed out that commercially Microsoft faces an uneven playing field in Brazil. 
He stated that in addition to several bills in the Brazilian Congress that would deny the 
GOB the ability to buy proprietary software, there are reports that many recent bids that 
went to tender had specific, if unwritten, instructions that disallowed any Microsoft bids. He 
further stated that the issue of cross-retaliation on IPR from the cotton subsidies case is alive 
and well and could potentially come to pass in 2008. 

¶5. (C) While Levy made it clear that Microsoft is not asking for any USG advocacy at this point, 
and in fact requested that our communication be kept strictly confidential, Ambassador Sobel did 
offer advice on various SIPDIS approaches Microsoft could take in generating support for 
standards that would have room for both ODF and XML software. Specifically, the Ambassador 
thought Mircosoft should work through various trade groups to begin a discussion with the GOB 
on this issue. The Ambassador also indicated that Microsoft should get Brazilian companies to put 
this issue high on the agenda of the CEO Forum meetings to take place with Department of 
Commerce Secretary Gutierrez early next year. 

¶6. (C) COMMENT: The debate among various international standards (GPS, telecommunications, 
etc.) is not new in Brazil, and Levy's concerns about an anti-American ideology in the Brazilian 
Foreign Ministry are not only Microsoft's concern. Microsoft's concerns that the GOB is seeking 
to adopt one standard that does not allow for proprietary softwear, bears watching. A multi-industry 
push for a strategy that allows for Congressional debate over the relative merits of the software systems 
will certainly yield better results than Microsoft fighting this issue alone. END COMMENT.
 WHITE


Microsoft is trying to portray distrust of Microsoft as hatred of the US, which is a trick it pulls a lot. The above says that “Levy believes that this issue has turned ideological and is a manifestation of anti-Americanism within Itamaraty.” If there is any “anti-Americanism”, it is because of the likes of Levy who seek to disrupt policies overseas and turn entire massive populations into clients of some American monopolist that rose to power through criminal activities. Notice the daemonisation of Lula as well, using the “anti-IPR, anti-royalties” terms that mean nothing but protectionism and artificial monopoly enablers. Also mind this part: “The Ambassador also indicated that Microsoft should get Brazilian companies to put this issue high on the agenda of the CEO Forum meetings to take place with Department of Commerce Secretary Gutierrez early next year.” Also see: “Microsoft’s concerns that the GOB is seeking to adopt one standard that does not allow for proprietary softwear [sic], bears watching.” How so? It is when the government accepts lock-in and code that cannot be audited that one should be concerned. It’s the public which pays for it after all.

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