08.01.20

Gemini version available ♊︎

IBM and the Bomb – Part IV: IBM’s Watson Came Under Fire for Representing the U.S. in U.S.S.R./Russia With No Qualifications or Any Relevant Experience

Posted in IBM at 5:03 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

Some did warn about Watson Jr.

Malcolm Toon
United States Ambassador Malcolm Toon. Image in the Public Domain. “At our critical posts, especially this one, we should ideally have a professional running the embassy,” Toon said about Watson Jr. “I’m not speaking ad hominem, I’m not speaking about Watson’s qualifications.”

Summary: There was certainly resistance to “Mr. rich man” Watson Jr. becoming a US diplomat owing to privilege (born into the ‘right’ family) rather than experience and/or political track record, symbolising a sort of “revolving doors” phenomenon — namely overlap between business and politics, or money and power, respectively

WHEN bad things are plotted there’s sometimes dissent from the inside (insiders); how many inside IBM ever dissented or protested against the company’s role in all sorts of racist things? Not many. Not comparable to today’s standards (against “GAFAM”). In part 3 (see also introduction; part 1; part 2) we wrote about business people meddling directly in politics. IBM is a good example of this.

Toon’s opposition was a matter of public record and he wasn’t alone. The press talked about it back then. But noted in passing before was the view of Ambassador Malcolm Toon, who was less than impressed to see the appointment of Mr. Watson, whose brother had also propelled himself into political offices using his money and connections (thank you, corrupt Nixon). As Wikipedia puts it, “Malcolm Toon (July 4, 1916 – February 12, 2009)[1] was an American diplomat who served as a Foreign Service Officer in Moscow in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s, during the Cold War, ultimately becoming the ambassador to the Soviet Union.”

Watson was in that position for a couple of years, whereas Toon had decades of experience. He was “the ambassador to Czechoslovakia from 1969 to 1971, Yugoslavia from 1971 to 1975, Israel from 1975 to 1976, and the Soviet Union from 1977 to 1979.”

Here’s one among several items that highlight the position of Toon as well as the seriousness of the nuclear ‘cold’ conflict at that time.

nukes-1

nukes-2

nukes-3

nukes-4

Here we go with “ARMS CONTROL INTEREST” (as text), declassified after review 6 years ago:

1. MAJOR DAILIES REPORTING ON SENATE FOREIGN RELATIONS COMMITTEE OPENING MARK-UP SESSION OF SALT II SAID THAT COMMITTEE MEMBERS ALMOST IMMEDIATELY BEGAN TO CONSIDER NEW “UNDERSTANDING” ON THE BACKFIRE BOMBER. REPORTS SAID COMUNCLASSIFIED
UNCLASSIFIEDSTATE 270521

MITTEE AGREED TO POSTPONE ACTION ON THE BACKFIRE ISSUE RATHER THAN WANDER INTO A “DIPLOMATIC MINEFIELD.” COMMITTEE ADOPTED BY A VOTE OF 10 TO 2 AN “UNDERSTANDING” THAT THE JOINT STATEMENT OF PRINCIPLES BE MENTIONED IN THE RESOLUTION BY THE SENATE AS PROVIDING THE “BASIS” FOR FUTURE NEGOTIATIONS. REPORTS ALSO SAID THAT BY A VOTE OF 13 TO 0 THE COMMITTEE VOTED TO MAKE THE AGREED STATEMENTS AND COMMON

Sheryl P. Walter Declassified/Released US Department of State EO Systematic Review 20 Mar 2014

Sheryl P. Walter Declassified/Released US Department of State EO Systematic Review 20 Mar 2014

UNDERSTANDINGS “OF THE SAME FORCE AND EFFECT AS THE PROVISIONS OF THE TREATY ITSELF.” ROBERT KAISER OF THE WASHINGTON POST REPORTED THAT DURING MARK UP SENATOR CHARLES PERCY (R-ILL) ANNOUNCED THAT HE HAD RECEIVED A LETTER FROM GEN. BERNARD W. ROGERS, SUPREME ALLIED COMMANDER IN EUROPE, “ENDORSING THE ARMS LIMITATION TREATY AND REPORTING STRONG NATO SUPPORT FOR IT.” KAISER NOTED THAT IN JULY TREATY OPPOSITION REPORTED THAT ROGERS WAS SKEPTICAL OF SALT II.
2. CRAIG WHITNEY IN A DISPATCH FROM MOSCOW IN MONDAY’S NEW YORK TIMES REPORTS THAT RETIRING SOVIET AMBASSADOR MALCOLM TOON SAYS “THE CARTER ADMINISTRATION HAS RELIED TOO MUCH ON THE SOVIET EMBASSY IN WASHINGTON TO GET AMERICAN VIEWS ACROSS TO THE KREMLIN AND NOT ENOUGH ON ITS PROFESSIONAL STAFF” IN MOSCOW. REPORT STATED THAT TOON HOPES HIS SUCCESSOR, THOMAS WATSON, JR., FORMER IBM CHAIRMAN OF THE BOARD WOULD “DO WHAT HE CAN TO INFLUENCE WASHINGTON TO BEHAVE A LITTLE BIT BETTER IN THIS RESPECT THAN IT HAS IN THE PAST THREE YEARS.” ACCORDING TO WHITNEY, TOON VIEWS WATSON APPOINTMENT, THE FIRST NON-CAREER DIPLOMAT IN THE MOSCOW POST SINCE 1961, AS “A MATTER OF DEEP PERSONAL REGRET” AND ADDED THAT “AT OUR CRITICAL POSTS, ESPECIALLY THIS ONE, WE SHOULD IDEALLY HAVE A PROFESSIONAL RUNNING THE EMBASSY.” TOON ADDED “IM NOT SPEAKING AD HOMINEM, I’M NOT SPEAKING ABOUT WATSON’S QUALIFICATIONS.”
REPORT SAID THAT TOON, COMMENTING ON HIS PAST PROBLEMS WITH
UNCLASSIFIED
UNCLASSIFIED
PAGE 03

STATE 270521

THE ADMINISTRATION AND THE SOVIET GOVERNMENT STATED THAT IF HE COULD START OVER “I WOULD TRY TO BE A BIT LESS ABRASIVE IN SOME OF MY PUBLIC STATEMENTS.” REPORT QUOTED TOON AS STATING THAT THE MOST IMPORTANT EFFECT OF SENATE REJECTION OF SALT II WOULD BE TO “RAISE CERTAIN DOUBTS IN THE MINDS OF OUR ALLIES ABOUT THE RELIABILITY OF THE AMERICAN LEADERSHIP ROLE.”
3. TIMES’ RICHARD HALLORAN REPORTED THAT ACCORDING TO PENTAGON OFFICIALS, SOVIET UNION WILL INCREASE THE NUMBER OF TACTICAL NUCLEAR WARHEADS AIMED AT WESTERN EUROPE FROM ABOUT 2,100 TO 3,250 BY 1985. REFERRING TO BREZHNEV PLEDGE TO WITHDRAW UP TO 20,000 TROOPS AND 1,000 TANKS FROM EASTERN EUROPE AND PLEA TO WESTERN ALLIANCE NOT TO AUGMENT ITS TACTICAL NUCLEAR WEAPONS IN WESTERN EUROPE, REPORT NOTED THAT BREZHNEV SAID NOTHING ABOUT SOVIET PLANS FOR MODERNIZING TACTICAL NUCLEAR WEAPONS.
4. SPENCER RICH IN SUNDAY’S WASHINGTON POST REPORTED THAT SENATE MAJORITY ROBERT BYRD (D-W.VA) “APPEARED ON THE BRINK OF FORMALLY ENDORSING THE SALT TREATY.” RICH NOTED THAT BYRD INSISTS HE HAS NOT QUITE MADE UP HIS MIND, BUT

Sheryl P. Walter Declassified/Released US Department of State EO Systematic Review 20 Mar 2014

Sheryl P. Walter Declassified/Released US Department of State EO Systematic Review 20 Mar 2014

DID MEET PRIVATELY WITH SEVERAL SENATORS “TO SEEK SOME IDEA OF HOW MUCH DEFENSE SPENDING MUST BE BEEFED UP TO QUELL FEARS OF NATIONAL SECURITY DANGERS.”
5. RICHARD BURT IN MONDAY’S NEW YORK TIMES REPORTED ON ISSUES SURROUNDING THE DEPLOYMENT OF THE MX MOBILE MISSILE. BURT SAID THAT DECISION TO DEPLOY THE MX WAS PARTIALLY GUIDED “BY A DESIRE TO WIN THE SUPPORT OF SENATE CONSERVATIVES FOR THE PROPOSED STRATEGIC ARMS TREATY” WITH THE SOVIET UNION. THE REPORT STRESSED SOME MX CRITICS BELIEVE THE MISSILE IS SO “COSTLY AND COMPLEX THAT IT WILL NEVER BE BUILT.” REPORT ALSO SAID OTHER CRITICS ARE WORRIED THAT MX DEPLOYMENT COULD “UNDERMINE THE STABILITY OF THE
UNCLASSIFIED
UNCLASSIFIED
PAGE 04

STATE 270521

AMERICAN-SOVIET NUCLEAR BALANCE.” BURT ALSO SAID OPPONENTS BELIEVE PROPOSED “RACE TRACK” BASING MODE WILL POSE SERIOUS ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS IN THE SOUTHWEST. THOUGH MX PROPONENTS CONCEDE THERE ARE LESS COSTLY AND ELABORATE BASING MODES FOR MX, BURT REPORTED THAT THEY “INSIST ALL OF THESE ALTERNATIVES WOULD CREATE VERIFICATION DIFFICULTIES FOR ARMS CONTROL.” BURT NOTED THAT “MOSCOW, IN FUTURE ARMS TALKS, MIGHT AGREE TO LIMIT ITS ABILITY TO THREATEN EXISTING AMERICAN MISSILES, MAKING THE MX PROGRAM UNNECESSARY.” VANCE

UNCLASSIFIED

NNN

Sheryl P. Walter Declassified/Released US Department of State EO Systematic Review 20 Mar 2014

Sheryl P. Walter Declassified/Released US Department of State EO Systematic Review 20 Mar 2014

We’ve noted before that other business oligarchs, born into super-affluent and highly-connected families, can buy themselves positions of power in the political sphere. Bill Gates is one example of this, a more notorious one being Donald Trump. Both born extremely wealthy and naturally reliant on wealth to accumulate more of it. Mr. Gates got his big breakthrough with IBM because of his mom, a banking scion, who had pressured IBM to help her failing son.

Share in other sites/networks: These icons link to social bookmarking sites where readers can share and discover new web pages.
  • Reddit
  • email

Decor ᶃ Gemini Space

Below is a Web proxy. We recommend getting a Gemini client/browser.

Black/white/grey bullet button This post is also available in Gemini over at this address (requires a Gemini client/browser to open).

Decor ✐ Cross-references

Black/white/grey bullet button Pages that cross-reference this one, if any exist, are listed below or will be listed below over time.

Decor ▢ Respond and Discuss

Black/white/grey bullet button If you liked this post, consider subscribing to the RSS feed or join us now at the IRC channels.

DecorWhat Else is New


  1. Links 25/1/2022: GPL Settlement With Patrick McHardy, Godot 4.0 Alpha 1, and DXVK 1.9.4 Released

    Links for the day



  2. Proprietary Software is Pollution

    "My daughter asked me about why are we throwing away some bits of technology," Dr. Andy Farnell says. "This is my attempt to put into words for "ordinary" people what I tried to explain to a 6 year old."



  3. Microsoft GitHub Exposé — Part XV — Cover-Up and Defamation

    Defamation of one’s victims might be another offence to add to the long list of offences committed by Microsoft’s Chief Architect of GitHub Copilot, Balabhadra (Alex) Graveley; attempting to discredit the police report is a new low and can get Mr. Graveley even deeper in trouble (Microsoft protecting him only makes matters worse)



  4. [Meme] Alexander Ramsay and Team UPC Inciting Politicians to Break the Law and Violate Constitutions, Based on Misinformation, Fake News, and Deliberate Lies Wrapped up as 'Studies'

    The EPO‘s law-breaking leadership (Benoît Battistelli, António Campinos and their corrupt cronies), helped by liars who don't enjoy diplomatic immunity, are cooperating to undermine courts across the EU, in effect replacing them with EPO puppets who are patent maximalists (Europe’s equivalents of James Rodney Gilstrap and Alan D Albright, a Donald Trump appointee, in the Eastern and Western Districts of Texas, respectively)



  5. Has the Administrative Council Belatedly Realised What Its Job in the European Patent Organisation Really Is?

    The "Mafia" which took over the EPO (the EPO's own workers call it "Mafia") isn't getting its way with a proposal, so it's preventing the states from even voting on it!



  6. [Meme] Team UPC is Celebrating a Pyrrhic Victory

    Pyrrhic victory best describes what's happening at the moment (it’s a lobbying tactic, faking/staging things to help false prophecies be fulfilled, based on hopes and wishes alone), for faking something without bothering to explain the legal basis is going to lead to further escalations and complaints (already impending)



  7. Links 24/1/2022: Scribus 1.5.8 and LXLE Reviewed

    Links for the day



  8. IRC Proceedings: Sunday, January 23, 2022

    IRC logs for Sunday, January 23, 2022



  9. [Meme] Team UPC Congratulating Itself

    The barrage of fake news and misinformation about the UPC deliberately leaves out all the obvious and very important facts; even the EPO‘s António Campinos and Breton (Benoît Battistelli‘s buddy) participated in the lying



  10. Links 24/1/2022: pgBadger 11.7 Released, Catch-up With Patents

    Links for the day



  11. The Demonisation and Stereotyping of Coders Not Working for Big Corporations (or 'The System')

    The war on encrypted communication (or secure communications) carries on despite a lack of evidence that encryption stands in the way of crime investigations (most criminals use none of it)



  12. On the 'Peak Hacker' Series

    Hacker culture, unlike Ludditism, is ultimately a movement for justice, for equality, and for human rights through personal and collective emancipation; Dr. Farnell has done a good job explaining where we stand and his splendid series has come to a close



  13. Links 23/1/2022: First RC of Linux 5.17 and Sway 1.7 Released

    Links for the day



  14. Peak Code — Part III: After Code

    "Surveillance perimeters, smart TVs (Telescreens built to Orwell's original blueprint) watched over our living rooms. Mandatory smart everything kept us 'trustless'. Safe search, safe thoughts. We withdrew. Inside, we went quietly mad."



  15. IRC Proceedings: Saturday, January 22, 2022

    IRC logs for Saturday, January 22, 2022



  16. Links 23/1/2022: MongoDB 5.2, BuddyPress 10.0.0, and GNU Parallel 20220122

    Links for the day



  17. A Parade of Fake News About the UPC Does Not Change the General Consensus or the Simple Facts

    European Patents (EPs) from the EPO are granted in violation of the EPC; Courts are now targeted by António Campinos and the minions he associates with (mostly parasitic litigation firms and monopolists), for they want puppets for “judges” and for invalid patents to be magically rendered “valid” and “enforceable”



  18. Welcome to 2022: Intentional Lies Are 'Benefits' and 'Alternative Facts'

    A crooks-run EPO, together with the patent litigation cabal that we’ve dubbed ‘Team UPC’ (it has nothing to do with science or with innovation), is spreading tons of misinformation; the lies are designed to make the law-breaking seem OK, knowing that Benoît Battistelli and António Campinos are practically above the law, so perjury as well as gross violations of the EPC and constitutions won’t scare them (prosecution as deterrence just isn’t there, which is another inherent problem with the UPC)



  19. From Software Eating the World to the Pentagon Eating All the Software

    “Software is eating the world,” according to Marc Andreessen (co-founder of Netscape), but the Empire Strikes Back (not the movie, the actual empire) by hijacking all code by proxy, via Microsoft, just as it grabbed a lot of the world’s communications via Skype, bypassing the world's many national telecoms; coders need to fight back rather than participate in racist (imperial) shams such as GitHub



  20. Links 22/1/2022: Skrooge 2.27.0 and Ray-Tracing Stuff

    Links for the day



  21. IRC Proceedings: Friday, January 21, 2022

    IRC logs for Friday, January 21, 2022



  22. Peak Code — Part II: Lost Source

    "Debian and Mozilla played along. They were made “Yeoman Freeholders” in return for rewriting their charters to “work closely with the new Ministry in the interests of all stakeholders” – or some-such vacuous spout… because no one remembers… after that it started."



  23. Links 22/1/2022: Ubuntu MATE 21.10 for GPD Pocket 3, MINISFORUM Preloads GNU/Linux

    Links for the day



  24. Computer Users Should be Operators, But Instead They're Being Operated by Vendors and Governments

    Computers have been turned into hostile black boxes (unlike Blackbox) that distrust the person who purchased them; moreover, from a legislative point of view, encryption (i.e. computer security) is perceived and treated by governments like a threat instead of something imperative — a necessity for society’s empowerment (privacy is about control and people in positions of unjust power want total and complete control)



  25. Peak Code — Part I: Before the Wars

    Article/series by Dr. Andy Farnell: "in the period between 1960 and 2060 people had mistaken what they called "The Internet" for a communications system, when it had in fact been an Ideal and a Battleground all along - the site of the 100 years info-war."



  26. Links 21/1/2022: RISC-V Development Board and Rust 1.58.1

    Links for the day



  27. IRC Proceedings: Thursday, January 20, 2022

    IRC logs for Thursday, January 20, 2022



  28. Gemini Lets You Control the Presentation Layer to Suit Your Own Needs

    In Gemini (or the Web as seen through Gemini clients such as Kristall) the user comes first; it's not sites/capsules that tell the user how pages are presented/rendered, as they decide only on structural/semantic aspects



  29. The Future of Techrights

    Futures are difficult to predict, but our general vision for the years ahead revolves around more community involvement and less (none or decreased) reliance on third parties, especially monopolistic corporations, mostly because they oppress the population via the network and via electronic devices



  30. [Meme] UPC for CJEU

    When you do illegal things and knowingly break the law to get started with a “legal” system you know it’ll end up in tears… or the CJEU


RSS 64x64RSS Feed: subscribe to the RSS feed for regular updates

Home iconSite Wiki: You can improve this site by helping the extension of the site's content

Home iconSite Home: Background about the site and some key features in the front page

Chat iconIRC Channel: Come and chat with us in real time

Recent Posts