Bonum Certa Men Certa

Samsung's Patent Cases Matter to Design Patents (Scope), to Android, and by Extension to GNU/Linux

Samsung has the power to put an end to a controversial type of patents that are similar to software patents

Gates
Slide to unlock: novel or medieval?



Summary: A couple of new developments in Apple's dispute about the 'design' of Samsung's Android phones, which emulate extremely old concepts in digital form

WE are definitely not friends of Samsung (never have been), but some of its patent cases in recent years (especially against Microsoft and Apple) have had profound implications/impact.



"How on Earth were such patents granted in the first place?"Here is Professor Mark Lemley sharing his "brief for 50 IP professors on design patent damages in the Samsung v. Apple Supreme Court case" (local copy to ensure it endures the test of time). This is one of several such cases that involve Apple and Samsung. Florian Müller wrote that this is about as absurd as Microsoft's patent bullying "over tiny arrow". To quote the relevant part: "This is one of the patents Microsoft is presently asserting against Corel. Last summer I reported on Corel drawing first blood by suing Microsoft over a bunch of preview-related patents. A few months later, Microsoft retaliated with the assertion of six utility patents and four design patents. The Electronic Frontier Foundation named one of Microsoft's design patents-in-suit the "stupid patent of the month" of December 2015 because it merely covered the design of a slider. But that patent isn't nearly as bad as U.S. Design Patent No. D550,237, which practically just covers a tiny arrow positioned in the lower right corner of a rectangle. If you look at the drawings, particularly this one, note that the dotted lines mark the parts that aren't claimed. What's really claimed is just a rectangle with another rectangle inside and that tiny graphical arrow in the bottom right corner."

"This sounds good on the surface, but unless the SCOTUS Justices rule on this, the perceived legitimacy of design patents may persist."How on Earth were such patents granted in the first place? It's not surprising that USPTO patent quality has declined so badly and so quickly and there are new patent quality studies regarding the USPTO. Will any similar studies look closely at EPO patent quality as well?

According to an Apple advocacy site, patents on design might not reach SCOTUS after all. This is bad news to all who hoped that SCOTUS would put en end to design patents once and for all."Samsung Electronics welcomes support for overturning U.S. court ruling in Apple case," said this new article, which along with others said "Justice Department Urges High Court Overturn Award to Apple Over Samsung Smartphones". This sounds good on the surface, but unless the SCOTUS Justices rule on this, the perceived legitimacy of design patents may persist. As Müller put it: "Reading all amicus briefs in Samsung v. Apple (design patent damages). Momentum behind call for reasonableness is very impressive." It looks very likely that if the SCOTUS rules on this, it will help demolish many design patents by extension, in the same way that Alice at SCOTUS put an end to many software patents in the United States. "A federal appeals court awarded about $500 million in damages to Apple for design patent infringement," recalled one article, demonstrating just how much money can be at stake due to one single patent. "Design patent owners shouldn't get 100% of the profits when only 1% of the product infringes, EFF tells court," according to the EFF's Twitter account and accompanying blog post that says: "The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) asked the U.S. Supreme Court today to reverse a ruling that required Samsung to pay Apple all the profits it earned from smartphones that infringed three basic design patents owned by the iPhone maker.

"Apple is the aggressor, whereas Samsung -- like Google -- is hardly ever initiating patent lawsuits.""The $399-million damage award against Samsung, upheld by the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit in the Apple v. Samsung patent lawsuit, should be thrown out, EFF told the court in an amicus brief filed today with Public Knowledge and The R Street Institute. Forcing defendants to give up 100% of their profits for infringing designs that may only marginally contribute to a product’s overall look and functionality will encourage frivolous lawsuits and lead to excessive damage awards that will raise prices for consumers and deter innovation."

Don't fall for the corporate media's narrative of Apple as the victim even when software patents are to blame. Apple is the aggressor, whereas Samsung -- like Google -- is hardly ever initiating patent lawsuits. We hope that Samsung will take this all the way up to the Supreme Court (more expensive to Samsung but collectively beneficial to all) and eventually win. The net effect might be the end of many design patents in the US. Those patents so often threaten GNU/Linux or Android products, as we have repeatedly shown here over the years. Will Samsung do a public service here?

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