Bonum Certa Men Certa

Virtual Injustice -- Part 4: Mihály Ficsor, the EPO's Hungarian “Fixer”

Previously in the series:

  1. Virtual Injustice -- Part 1: António's Increasingly Wonky Legal Fudge Factory
  2. Virtual Injustice -- Part 2: The ViCo Oral Proceedings of 28 May 2021
  3. Virtual Injustice -- Part 3: All the President's Men…


Mihály Ficsor
Mihály Ficsor, former member of the EPO's Administrative Council and now Principal Director in the EPO's DG5.



Summary: One key operative of António Campinos, who is fiercely in favour of software patents, has quite a colourful past and background

In this part, we begin our in-depth look at the head of the legal team representing the President of the Office in G€ 1/21.



The focus of our attention here is Mihály Zoltán Ficsor, a Principal Director in the EPO's Directorate General of Legal and International and Affairs.

To begin with, it's important to note that Fiscor, who was born in Budapest in 1964, belongs to the "elite" of the IP world.

"Ficsor Senior was a protégé of Árpád Bogsch, the long-serving Director General of the WIPO who headed the organisation from 1973 to 1997."He is the son of Mihály J. Ficsor, former Deputy Director General of the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) in Geneva and a renowned international expert on copyright law.

Ficsor Senior was a protégé of Árpád Bogsch, the long-serving Director General of the WIPO who headed the organisation from 1973 to 1997.

According to Wikipedia, Bogsch was "a Hungarian-American international civil servant" who was born in Budapest in 1919 and "became an American citizen in 1959".

However, the Wikipedia entry is very sketchy on biographical details and omits some interesting facts.

"The "Internationale Rechtskammer" (IRK) was an international professional association founded in Berlin in 1941 by Hitler's personal legal adviser and Governor-General of occupied Poland, Hans Frank, who was executed at Nuremberg in October 1945."It seems that Bogsch had to flee Hungary after the Second World War because his father was targeted by the post-war Communist government on account of his close links to the Nazi regime of Adolf Hitler.

More precisely, Bogsch's father was one of the founding members and executive chairman of the Hungarian chapter of the "Internationale Rechtskammer" ("International Law Chamber") which was set up in 1942. [PDF]

The "Internationale Rechtskammer" (IRK) was an international professional association founded in Berlin in 1941 by Hitler's personal legal adviser and Governor-General of occupied Poland, Hans Frank, who was executed at Nuremberg in October 1945. The IRK established a transnational network of lawyers and legal scholars from states allied with or occupied by Nazi Germany.

The purpose of the exercise was to promote a pan-European, anti-liberal, and fascist-corporatist vision of the international legal order. During World War II, the Nazis used this network to pursue legal integration among the allied and conquered states as part of their efforts to build a "New Order" in Europe.

After the war, Bogsch's father was put on trial, convicted and sentenced to prison on account of his collaboration with the Nazis.

"The purpose of the exercise was to promote a pan-European, anti-liberal, and fascist-corporatist vision of the international legal order. During World War II, the Nazis used this network to pursue legal integration among the allied and conquered states as part of their efforts to build a "New Order" in Europe."Bogsch himself – who had graduated from law school in the early 1940s – was also a member of the civil law section of the Hungarian chapter of the IRK.

After the war Bogsch managed to secure a posting abroad with UNESCO in Paris and decided that it would be better for him not to return to Hungary as he was likely to face a similar fate to his father.

In the end, this exiled son of a convicted Nazi collaborator managed to reinvent himself as an American citizen in 1959. He rose to become a leading figure in the post-war globalist IP racket as head of the WIPO, where he was appointed Director General in 1973, by the Secretary-General of the United Nations. At the time in question that position was occupied by none other than the former Wehrmacht officer, Kurt Waldheim from Austria.

Mihály J. Ficsor  and his mentor, Árpád Bogsch
Mihály J. Ficsor and his mentor, Árpád Bogsch, son of a convicted Hungarian wartime collaborator who reinvented himself as an "American" and became WIPO supremo from 1973 to 1997.



One immediate beneficiary of Bogsch's hegemony at the WIPO was his Hungarian compatriot, Mihály J. Ficsor, the father of the EPO's Mihály Zoltán Ficsor. With Bogsch's assistance and support, Ficsor Senior rose to the position of Assistant Director General of the WIPO in charge of copyright and related rights.

"One immediate beneficiary of Bogsch's hegemony at the WIPO was his Hungarian compatriot, Mihály J. Ficsor, the father of the EPO's Mihály Zoltán Ficsor."Ficsor Junior followed in his father's footsteps by pursuing a high-profile career in the world of IP administration, both at home in Hungary and internationally.

Ficsor Junior was favoured in his endeavours by external political circumstances, in particular the fall of the Iron Curtain in 1989 and the emergence of Hungary as a prominent member of the so-called Visegrád Group.

The Visegrád Group is a cultural and political alliance of four countries of Central Europe: the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia. Its aim is to advance mutual co-operation in military, cultural, economic and energy matters and to promote their integration into the EU.

Visegrád Group
Meeting of the heads of the IP offices of the Visegrád Group and neighbouring countries in June 2011.



The heads of the IP Offices of the Visegrád Group meet on an annual basis and the meetings typically include representatives from the IP Offices of neighbouring countries such as Austria, Slovenia, and Croatia.

A photo-op from the June 2011 meeting shows [PDF] the director of the Hungarian Intellectual Property Office (HIPO), Miklós Bendzsel, in close proximity to the head of the Croatian IPO, Željko Topić and his protégée, Ljiljana Kuterovac.

The following year, during a visit by a delegation from the HIPO to the Croatian State Intellectual Property Office in February 2012, Topić was presented with the Hungarian Jedlik Ányos Award, shortly before he took up his position as EPO Vice-President.

"Ficsor Junior followed in his father's footsteps by pursuing a high-profile career in the world of IP administration, both at home in Hungary and internationally."Returning now to the main focus of our attention, Mihály Zoltán Ficsor started his career at the HIPO in 1988. He then worked as Head of the European Community Law Department in the Hungarian Ministry of Justice between 1995-1999 and took part in the negotiations on Hungary‘s accession to the EU.

Ficsor then returned to the HIPO as deputy director, serving under Miklós Bendzsel who held the position of HIPO director from 1997 to 2016.

As deputy director of the HIPO, Ficsor was the Hungarian representative on various international bodies and committees dealing with IP matters, in particular those established by the WIPO.

"In the next part we will see how Ficsor and his boss at the Hungarian IPO, Miklós Bendzsel, became important allies of Benoît Battistelli on the EPO's Administrative Council during the period between 2009 and 2018."Following Hungary's ratification of the European Patent Convention (2003) and its accession to the EU (2004), Ficsor's duties expanded to acting as a national delegate on the governing bodies of the EPO and the EU trademark agency OHIM/EUIPO in Alicante.

In the next part we will see how Ficsor and his boss at the Hungarian IPO, Miklós Bendzsel, became important allies of Benoît Battistelli on the EPO's Administrative Council during the period between 2009 and 2018.

Recent Techrights' Posts

Why We're Revealing the Ugly Story of What Happened at Libre-SOC
Aside from the fact that some details are public already
Why Virtually All the Wikileaks Copycats, Forks, and Rivals Basically Perished
Cryptome is like the "grandpa" of them all
In the United Kingdom Google Search Rises to All-Time High, Microsoft Fell Nearly 1.5% Since the LLM Hype Began
Microsoft is going to need actual products or it will gradually vanish from the market
 
Libre-SOC Insiders Explain How Libre-SOC and Funding for Libre-SOC (From NLNet) Got 'Hijacked' or Seized
One worked alongside my colleagues and I in 2011
Removing the Lid Off of 'Cancel Culture' (in Tech) and Shutting It Down by Illuminating the Tactics and Key Perpetrators
Corporate militants disguised as "good manners"
FSF, Which Pioneered GNU/Linux Development, Needs 32 More New Members in 2.5 Days
To meet the goal of a roughly month-long campaign
Lupa Statistics, Based on Crawling Geminispace, Will Soon Exceed Scope of 4,000 Capsules
Capsules or unique capsules or online capsules are in the thousands and growing
Links 24/07/2024: Many New Attacks on Journalists, "Private Companies Own The Law"
Links for the day
Gemini Links 24/07/2024: Face à Gaïa, Emacs Timers for Weekly Event, Chromebook Survives Water Torture
Links for the day
A Total Lack of Transparency: Open and Free Technology Community (OFTC) Fails to Explain Why Over 60% of Users Are Gone (Since a Week Ago)
IRC giants have fallen
Trying to Put Out the Fire at Microsoft
Microsoft is drowning in debt while laying off loads of staff, hoping it can turn things around
GNU/Linux Growing at Vista 11's Expense
it's tempting to deduce many people who got PCs with Vista 11 preinstalled are deleting it, only to replace it with GNU/Linux
Over at Tux Machines...
GNU/Linux news for the past day
IRC Proceedings: Tuesday, July 23, 2024
IRC logs for Tuesday, July 23, 2024
[Meme] Was He So Productive He Had to be Expelled Somehow? (After He Was Elected and Had Given Many Years of Work to Earn a Board Seat)
Things like these seem to lessen the incentive to devote one's life to Free software projects
GNOME Foundation is Causing Itself More Embarrassment With Secrecy Than With Full Transparency
It also arouses suspicion and hostility towards Codes of Conduct, which gave rise to 'secret courts' governed by large corporations
Links 23/07/2024: NetherRealm Layoffs and Illegitimate Patent 'Courts' (Illegal)
Links for the day
Gemini Links 23/07/2024: AM Radio, ngIRCd, and Munin
Links for the day
A Lot of GNU/Linux Growth on the Client Side is Owing to India (Where GNU/Linux Has Reached 16%)
A lot of this happened in recent years
Insulting Free Software Users in Social Control Media (Proprietary, Bloated With Opaque JavaScript) is Like Insulting Amish on TV
Why bother? Don't take the bait.
When Wikileaks Sources Were Actually Murdered and Wikileaks Was Still a Wiki
when Wikileaks was a young site and still an actual wiki
statCounter: Dutch GNU/Linux Usage Surged 1% in Summer
Microsoft is running out of things to actually sell
Microsoft's "Results" Next Week Will be Ugly (But It'll Lie About Them, as Usual)
Where can Microsoft find income rather than losses as its debt continues to grow and layoffs accelerate?
Julian Assange is Still Being Dehumanised in Media Whose Owners Wikileaks Berated (With Underlying Facts or Leaks)
Wikileaks and Free software aren't the same thing. Nevertheless, the tactics used to infiltrate or discredit both ought to be understood.
A Month Later
We're optimistic on many fronts
Links 23/07/2024: Downsizing and Microsoft and Still Damage Control
Links for the day
Gemini Links 23/07/2024: Friends and Solitaire
Links for the day
Why the Media is Dying (It Sucks, No Mentally Healthy People Will Tolerate This for Long)
linking to actual news articles helps fuel the spam, too
Censorship in Eklektix's Linux Weekly News (LWN)
Medieval system of speech, where the monarchs (Linux Foundation) dictate what's permissible to say
10 Years of In-Depth EPO Coverage at Techrights (Many Others Have Abandoned the Topic)
Listen to staff
Over at Tux Machines...
GNU/Linux news for the past day
IRC Proceedings: Monday, July 22, 2024
IRC logs for Monday, July 22, 2024
[Meme] The Latest in the Microsoft Windows Blame Game
Microsoft found the culprit and came to everyone's rescue!
Links 22/07/2024: Overworking and Performance Issues From Europe
Links for the day
Microsoft Eliminates 67% of the Building Occupancy - That's Some Truly Massive Layoffs
Half a dozen floors? Microsoft cuts that down to two.
[Meme] Signs of a Dying Patent Office
"Bribe the media to say you excel"
This Month's General Consultative Committee (GCC) Webchat ('Meeting') Covered the European Patent Office's Attacks on Its Own Interpreters
The Central Staff Committee is currently circulating a report with appendices about the GCC meeting [sic] (webchat) that took place less than a fortnight ago
A Byzantine European Patent Office Where Staff Must Beg for Help With Contraception (Worse Than the Rest of Europe)
The Central Staff Committee (EPO staff representation) has just circulated a report
[Teaser] EPO Run by Children
"Daddy, why was I born?"
Let's Encrypt About to Fall Below 100 (Capsules) in Geminispace, It's Basically in a Freefall
The "self-signed" portion keeps growing
Gemini Links 22/07/2024: Spacewalk Dies and Old Computer Challenge in the Rear View
Links for the day
For the First Time Since May Linux.com (Linux Foundation) Published Something. It's All Spam.
Can we trust the Linux Foundation to look after anything at all? Look what it turned this once-thriving site into.
Honduras: Windows Down, Android Peaking Again
Honduras does not have many stakes in Microsoft
[Meme] Twitter (X) Will Reject the Concept of a Female President
Twitter (X) is controlled by misogynists, who socially control (or socially-engineer) their fake concept of "media"
Second Family Photo of Julian Assange Since His Release (First Since His Birthday)
His wife shows the 4 of them for the first time (2 hours ago)
Protesters in Kenya Need Software That is Free (Libre) and Supports Real Encryption in Order to Avoid Capture and Torture (Sometimes Execution)
There's more to fight over than economic issues
The Ludicrous Idea That GNU/Linux is a "Poor Man's" Operating System
Seeing the trends in countries such an Norway, it ought to be abundantly clear that adoption of GNU/Linux has nothing to do with poverty
Links 22/07/2024: Internet Optimism and Kamala Harris Policies Debated
Links for the day
Something is Happening at OFTC
It looks like it shrank by 20,000 users
GNU/Linux Usage in Guadeloupe Rises Closer to International Average, Based on Web Data Collected by statCounter
It should be noted that the estimates of GNU/Linux usage are now in 4.5% territories
The Impact of OFTC's Latest Changes on the Perceived Scale of IRC Globally
IRC is still one of the more potent alternatives to the social control media conglomerates
New: Why They Really Went After Assange
Uploaded by Chris Hedges
Links 21/07/2024: Health, Politics, and Kamala Harris in Focus
Links for the day
Over at Tux Machines...
GNU/Linux news for the past day
IRC Proceedings: Sunday, July 21, 2024
IRC logs for Sunday, July 21, 2024
A Drop in Half (From 208 to 104): Sharp Decline in Number of Gemini Capsules That Use Let's Encrypt CA Since December
Gemini is increasing its independence from Certificate Authorities (CAs)