08.29.21

Gemini version available ♊︎

Links 29/8/2021: Linux 5.15 Plans and KDE PIM Updates

Posted in News Roundup at 5:27 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • This Is Fundamental To Linux Adoption – Invidious

        One mistake I see a lot of Linux users who want to see Linux adoption increase make is trying to convince people to fundamentally change the way they do there computing and not trying to understand why they use there computer the way they do.

    • Kernel Space

      • AMD Yellow Carp + Another Water Cooling Pump Head To Linux’s Hardware Monitoring Code – Phoronix

        The Linux hardware monitoring “HWMON” subsystem for the 5.15 cycle is already seeing the AMD SB-RMI driver and AMD Cezanne Zen 3 APU temperature monitoring while there was also some last-minute additions around AMD next-gen “Yellow Carp” temperature reporting and separately support for another water cooling pump.

        As noted in the exciting news this weekend about Mario Limonciello joining AMD’s Linux client CPU team, one of the tasks he’s been working on has been enabling k10temp temperature reporting for Yellow Capr APUs. Yellow Carp is the Linux codename for what is looking like will be the next-gen AM Ryzen 6000 mobile series “Rembrandt” APUs.

      • Yet-To-Be-Released Intel “Bz” WiFi Chipset To Be Supported By Linux 5.15 – Phoronix

        While the Linux 5.15 merge window opening is imminent, merged today to net-next were the latest batch of wireless driver updates for this next kernel version. Notable to this batch of WiFi driver updates was the new Intel material.

        With this next kernel version the IWLWIFI driver used by current Intel WiFi chipsets now has support for discovery of hidden networks on the 6GHz band. Hidden 6GHz networks can now be discovered by the IWLWIFI driver when including the scan request direct SSIDs into the firmware scan request command. Previously there was no support in this Intel WiFi driver for being able to discover and connect to hidden 6GHz networks.

      • Linux 5.15 To Fix Regression In Its Floppy Disk Driver – Phoronix

        Near the beginning of the year was some rare work on Linux’s floppy disk driver and — a half-year later — it was found out that not only do people with systems using floppy disks still move to newer kernels, but that work earlier in the year had regressed the Linux kernel’s floppy disk handling. Now coming for Linux 5.15 is a fix.

        Since the changes to the floppy disk driver earlier in the year, the driver has continued to function but it silently and unintentionally altered some of the floppy disk handling code — previously the kernel with the O_NDELAY flag would allow opening a floppy device even without a disk being inserted. The updated Linux kernel would yield an error if opening a floppy device without the media/disk inserted. Additionally, it broke opening up of floppy disks that are write-protected.

    • Applications

      • Top 8 File Backup Apps for Linux

        The availability of cheap storage and affordable tech has enabled people to become tech-savvy. Despite the levels of technological advancements, people always prefer to use the old, tried-and-tested backup methods to safeguard their data against any potential data losses.

        Operating systems are becoming better at avoiding fatal system crashes, which result in data losses. Nevertheless, since such losses are inevitable, enterprises and general users need to ensure maximum data security via regular data backups.

        Here are the top 8 apps best suited for enterprise and general users to backup their system files.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to create Kali Linux live USB persistence drive | FOSS Linux

        Live USB is one of the best and safest ways of testing your Linux operating system without your computer being affected by any changes. Data persistency comes about in a live session where one can make changes and save their files on a USB drive. The data stored in the USB drive persists even after ending the live session and shutting down the computer. Once the testing of the live session is complete, the distro is stored in your USB drive and not the computer’s internal hard drive.

        This is a suitable method because it allows you to boot Linux from the USB drive and store data.

      • How to Manage Disk Partitions in Linux With fdisk

        Managing partitions is one of the most tedious operations on Linux. If you’re new to the operating system, you might even find the process confusing at the outset.

        But since disk partitioning is an essential step in OS installation and file organization, among other things, it’s imperative to know how to manage partitions on your computer.

        To this end, here’s a guide on how to use fdisk to create, resize, and delete partitions on Linux.

      • How to Install and Manage Evillimiter to control Your Wi-Fi Network in Linux – Unixcop

        Evillimiter is a free, open-source monitoring tool that can limit bandwidth usage for devices connected to a LAN. It runs on Linux and Windows and can work without administrative access to the network.

        Also it’s a tool to monitor, analyze and limit the bandwidth (upload/download) of devices on your local network without physical or administrative access.
        Evillimiter employs ARP spoofing and traffic shaping to throttle the bandwidth of hosts on the network.

      • How to Install WordPress with Docker, An Easily to Follow Guide

        This tutorial is going to show you how to run a WordPress installation in Docker containers by using Docker Compose.

        WordPress is the most popular CMS (Content Management System) in the world, which makes it a top-drawer consideration when building a new site. It is built on a MySQL database with PHP processing.

        Setting up a local WordPress installation involves multiple steps and can be a time-consuming process. Usually you need to setup a local web server, configure the server to be able to execute PHP code, and setup a MySQL database. However the most easiest way to setup a local WordPress environment is to use containerization with Docker.

      • How to SSH AWS ec2 Linux Instances remotely – Linux Shout

        After setting up Linux (Amazon Linux, Ubuntu, CentOS, RHEL, etc.) running ec2 Instance on AWS cloud computing platform we can use SSH to connect and control it remotely; instead of using the console directly from ec2 Dashboard.

        SSH is a secure shell protocol that default uses port number 22 to connect remote systems. To use it, the remote system must be running on SSH servers such as OpenSSH, then only any client machine will be able to connect remotely.

        Well, the Linux OS running on Ec2 instances come with a pre-installed OpenSSH server. Hence, we just need to generate an SSH key pair or private that will help us to log in it remotely but securely.

      • How to automatically hide your mouse cursor | Hund

        unclutter-xfixes is a tool to automatically hide your X mouse cursor when you don’t use it. unclutter-xfixes is a fork of the original tool unclutter from the 90s.

        unclutter-xfixes uses the x11-xfixes extension, which means that they don’t use fake windows or pointer grabbing. This should cause fewer problems with window managers and/or applications.

      • How to install Arch Linux faster with Calam Arch

        If you love Arch Linux and want to use it, but don’t have the time to configure everything by hand, you may want to check out the Calam Arch installer. It is an excellent tool that can install vanilla Arch Linux with ease, rather than via the command line. Here’s how to use it.

        Note: The Calam Arch Linux installer ISO requires at least 1 GB of space. For best results, use a 1 GB USB flash drive or larger. Alternatively, burning an ISO file to a DVD also works, though DVD instructions are not covered in this guide.

        [...]

        When the installation is complete, unplug your USB flash drive and reboot. Upon rebooting, Arch Linux will be ready to use. Enjoy!

      • Working With the Pkill and Pgrep Commands in Linux – ByteXD

        A Linux system is made up of processes, which are basically programs that run in a system.

        However, processes often need to be managed, which can happen in different ways, such as finding, stopping, starting, and killing.

        There are times when we don’t know a process name but its process ID or vice versa.

        We can use various commands to handle these situations.

        [...]

        The pgrep command works in the same manner, but it is designed to work with the processes. It can find the process IDs based on a given condition, for example, a username. We can also provide the process name as a parameter to be searched.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • Xubuntu Development Update August 2021

        Xubuntu saw a number of updates in August with an updated Focal Fossa release as well as several updates for the current development release, Impish Indri. Showing the applications menu with the Super key is a newly-added, long-requested feature.

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • July/August in KDE PIM

          Since the last report, dated the third of July, Version 21.08 (aka 5.18) of all the PIM applications was released. 31 contributors made more than 1,500 updates in the GitLab repos. And work continued apace on preparations for the new release of the Qt backbone on which KDE software relies.

          Here is the news about recent activity affecting various components of the Personal Information Management system.

    • Distributions

      • Reviews

        • Kevin Fenzi: Frame.work laptop: The hyperdetailed Fedora review

          Frame.work is a new company that appeared eariler this year. They announced that they were going to make a laptop focusing on repair-ability, with replaceable interface modules. I didn’t really need another laptop, but I was very interested in the idea and wanted to support them, so I preordered one as soon as preorders started up. That laptop arrived here a few weeks ago, and I used it as my main laptop last few weeks.

          Framework offered several already assembled models, as well as a “DYI” edition where you could get the base laptop and as many or as few add on parts as you liked. I of course went for the DIY edition.

          The packaging was the typical these days recycled cardboard and paper, but all very nicely packed and professional looking. In the box was the body of the laptop itself (the screen/keyboard/motherboard) and then small packages with the parts: memory, wireless card, nvme storage stick, and modules. Framework wanted to ship the DYI edition completely disassembled so you had to do a lot more assembly, but it turns out there’s a bunch of silly rules about laptops vs laptop parts and if they shipped the unassembed version they would run afoul of customs and shipping and taxes rules. There’s no instructions or manual in the box aside from a small “user manual” that just describes the features of the latop (where the switches and ports are) and has a bunch of regulatory information. It also comes with a torx tool/screwdriver/spludger, which is a nice touch.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • RHEL, CentOS and their clones: the best alternatives

          We have been telling you for a long time that Red Hat’s decision to turn CentOS into a rolling release distribution had established itself in the community. What for many years had been the free alternative of reference to what RHEL offered, suddenly changed its philosophy and many companies, which had relied on CentOS for all kinds of projects, found themselves in the “gap” of, in the medium term , look for alternatives.

          This situation was widely echoed by our MuyLinux colleagues, who a few months ago recommended us some interesting alternatives for companies , citing in this field distributions such as SUSE Linux Enterprise, Ubuntu, Debian or even RHEL itself (“mother” of CentOS) as Red Hat decided to make it a free distribution for any production environment with fewer than 16 machines.

          During this period of time, the number of forks and clones of RHEL itself have also multiplied , with the aim of recovering that spirit of CentOS that had worked so well in recent years. These are the most interesting:

        • Firms running CentOS need alternatives as support runs out in Dec

          Companies that are using CentOS 8 have three options open to them as they contemplate their next move in view of the fact that only a few months of support remain for this Linux distribution.

          Javier Perez, an open-source expert who has worked both with IBM and Red Hat in the past, is helping customers of his current employer, Perforce Software, to plan for a move by the end of the year.

          CentOS is more or less the same as the Red Hat Enterprise Linux distribution, but with the trademarks stripped out so that it can be used without a licence.

          It was created by independent developers but was bought by Red Hat in January 2014, reportedly due to fears among the Red Hat top brass that Oracle would pick up the project.

        • TxDOT terminates tollway operation contract with IBM, citing ‘numerous difficulties’ for customers

          The Texas Department of Transportation announced Friday that it would terminate a tollway operation contract with New York-based tech giant IBM, citing “cont…

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Web Browsers

        • Mozilla

          • K Lars Lohn: Summer of Math Exposition

            This is whole system of relative judgment is quite fascinating. Over my career, I witnessed and/or participated in Mozilla skunkwork projects that had a similar form: a novel newly published mathematical method of drawing conclusions from a data set and a self selected population that produces the data. At Mozilla, it was all “Likes” and “Activity Streams” with the additional complications of privacy and anonymity.

            The organizers of SoME are not a large influential Silicon Valley corporation, but a small group of computer-adept academics. This project, thankfully, is free from the anonymity/privacy complications that Mozilla faced. In the similarities, I also see some of the potential for the down sides of the approach. I’ve often noticed that the distillation technique of the collected data didn’t actually optimize for what the researchers intended or hoped.

          • Mozilla plans to complete WebRender deployment on Firefox 92

            If you are a Firefox user, and there are not many left out there – compared to the bulk of web browser users, most of them accommodated in Chrome and a few, increasingly, in Microsoft Edge – you may already know WebRender, one of the key components of the browser in order to stay current in the market. Well, reportedly its deployment could be nearing completion.

            We talked about the deployment of WebRender, for more information, the next generation web page rendering engine for Firefox , which Mozilla has been working on for years. Years throughout which its implementation in the first line, in the stable version of the browser for PC, has been a trickle, prioritizing certain hardware and operating systems. However, the transition period could be celebrating its last bars, if they confirm what they count in gHacks .

      • FSF

        • Licensing/Legal

          • Tesla publishes Autopilot source code to comply with the GPL

            Tesla uses open source platforms for some of the technologies in its electric cars, but they have never published the code before. Linux and BusyBox are some of the platforms they use, and one of the company’s obligations, according to the GPL license, is precisely what they have just fulfilled: publishing part of the source code that is used for their electric propulsion vehicles. That ‘part’ is the one corresponding to the automatic pilot system –the imaging system-, that of NVIDIA Tegra and that of the AutoPilot motherboards.

            One of the sections of the GNU GPL, the license for open source software used by Tesla, provides for an obligation to share source code. The company chaired by Elon Musk, after some time using this software, has made public part of the open-source source code. The one that uses the AutoPilot imaging system, that of the motherboard of the same autonomous driving technology, and that of the NVIDIA Tegra system that its electric cars also have. All this is already available on GitHub, in the profile that the American company has.

            Tesla publishes the open-source source code of its electric cars, does this pose any risk to your technology?

            The source code published by Tesla corresponds only to some ‘parts’ of the technology that its electric cars have, both the Tesla Model X and the S and 3. And more specifically, the majority of the automatic piloting system. This is in no way a risk to owners of Tesla vehicles. It is not a risk that opens the doors for hackers to attack the autonomous driving system of their cars, which would be the most worrying thing, and in no case can they put the company’s intellectual property at risk. Quite simply, it has allowed them to comply with the GNU GPL licenses.

            And all this means that the ‘core parts’ of AutoPilot-related code that have been published can be studied and analyzed, and in a way could be applied in other projects. But not in the same way, and not for commercial purposes.
            It is not a secret that part of the technologies of the Tesla Model S and Model X, including the famous Autopilot, is based on the Linux and BusyBox platforms. An open-source system that is subject to the GPL license, which forces the Californian firm to publish a part of the source code, something that it had not done until now in relation to the software of the Model S and Model X 2018.12. This code includes the configuration of the Tesla Autopilot system, the motherboard, and the NVIDIA Tegra system.

            One of the sections of the GPL license that regulates the license of open source software that Tesla uses contemplates that the brand must share the source code and make it public, in this case on the company’s profile on GitHub. In this way, any user can access and see the code that regulates the Autopilot image system, that of the motherboard that regulates autonomous driving, and the NVIDIA Tegra system that serves to give life to the infotainment system of the American brand.

            In fact, Tesla has issued a statement regarding this movement in which it explains that it intends to release more parts of its open-source in the near future, all in collaboration with the Software Freedom Conservancy -SFC-, a non-profit organization that preserves and provides infrastructure for free and open-source software projects, as well as ensuring that it is in the public domain. In this regard, Tesla has been working with SFC since 2013, since the first Model S already had technology based on Linux and BusyBox.

      • Programming/Development

        • Joachim Breitner: A Candid explainer: The rough idea

          In this in-depth blog post series I want to shed some light onto these aspects of Candid. The target audience is mainly anyone who wants to deeply understand Candid, e.g. researchers, implementors of Candid tools, anyone who wants to builds a better alternative, but no particular prior Candid knowledge is expected. Also, much of what is discussed here is independent of the Internet Computer. Some posts may be more theoretical or technical than others; if you are lost in one I hope you’ll rejoin for the subsequent post

        • Perl/Raku

          • Perl Weekly Challenge 127: Disjoint Sets and Conflict Intervals
          • TWC 127: Intersection on a Sunday Afternoon

            Task 1, “Disjoint Sets” was basically something I’ve done before somewhere else. In fact, what I’m using is overkill for just determining if two sets intersect. I imagine most people would probably use the FAQ answer. However, I’m a fan of what cardinal LanX of Perl Monks fame was trying to do in making set intersection a more “organic” operation. I don’t know how much those ideas developed, however, so I’ll be looking at the other solutions to see if there’s anything new.

            I actually did use my perlmonks code on real problem a few years ago, in modified form. It does the trick pretty quickly compared to other approaches. Thanks perl hashing!

        • Python

          • PyTorch Beginner Tutorial – Tensors

            PyTorch is a high-level framework for efficiently creating and training deep learning architectures such as Feed-Forward Neural Networks (FFNN), RNN, and CNN. It is an incredibly useful tool because it allows you to perform nifty natural language processing (NLP) and computer vision (CV) tasks. You can use PyTorch to create models that perform NLP tasks such as sentiment analysis, translation, summarization, and even text generation (smart speech bots). Some CV tasks that you can perform using PyTorch are object classification/detection, semantic segmentation, and real-time image processing. Of course, PyTorch can be used for other applications including audio files, medical files, and time-series forecasting.

  • Leftovers

    • Smoking smartphone sparks emergency evacuation of Alaska Airlines jet, two taken to hospital

      Passengers escaped an Alaska Airlines jet via emergency slides on Monday night after a malfunctioning smartphone filled the cabin with smoke.

      The pilot ordered the evacuation of flight 751 from New Orleans to Seattle after someone’s cellphone started to spit out sparks and smoke just after landing. As the aircraft was still waiting on the tarmac at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport for a gate, the slides were deployed and all 129 passengers and six crew made it out.

      The errant mobe was also stuffed in a bag to curb its compact conflagration. Two people, we’re told, were taken to hospital.

      “The crew acted swiftly using fire extinguishers and a battery containment bag to stop the phone from smoking,” a spokesperson for Alaska Airlines told The Register.

    • Science

      • China’s Mars rover assigned extended mission after exceeding life expectancy • The Register

        China’s National Space Administration has announced that the Zhurong Mars rover has ticked off everything on its to-do list, and is still ticking over, so has been assigned an extended mission.

        Zhurong left Earth in June 2020 atop a Long March V rocket, and on May 15th 2021 landed on Mars. That feat made China the third nation to land a working robot on the red planet, but as the Soviet Union’s only successful landing – Mars 3 in 1971 – failed less than two minutes after landing and only sent back one featureless image, China is generally held to have been second to the USA in the rover-landing caper.

      • Everyone’s going to Mars: Rocket Lab joins the Red Planet Fan Club • The Register

        Small satellite launcher Rocket Lab has been tapped to provide a pair of Photon spacecraft for a mission to Mars in 2024.

        The Escape and Plasma Acceleration and Dynamics Explorers (ESCAPADE) mission (yes, we suspect that there are elements within NASA just as keen on backronyms as we in Vulture Central) is to study Mars’s magnetosphere as well as supporting crewed missions in the future through improved storm prediction.

        The ESCAPADE mission will be managed by the NASA Science Mission Directorate’s Heliophysics Division and will be the first of the division’s missions to visit another planet. Rocket Lab is kicking off the final mission design and is to start manufacturing the Photons required.

      • Junking orbital junk? The mind behind ASTRIAGraph database project hopes to ‘make space transparent’ [Ed: Flying to space becoming more dangerous and complicated over time because humans leave tons of their junk in orbit and it's hard to keep track]

        Forty-five years after the United States entered into the Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space, one of its citizens has some doubts about the way it’s working out.

        The convention, administered by the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA), might not be capturing all the information it should do about human-made objects escaping from the Earth’s atmosphere, Professor Moriba Jah, an aerospace engineer at the University of Texas at Austin, told The Register.

    • Health/Nutrition

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • T-Mobile slowly bricks Sprint phones and then offers you a T-Mobile phone that the store doesn’t carry.

          I was having reception problems with my Sprint phone, which T-Mobile was still selling last year after they changed it over to the T-Mobile network experience SIM card.

          Essentially, it was a threat that you can keep using a Sprint SIM card, but the experience would degrade as they changed their towers, or you could put a TNX card in your Sprint phone and keep using it fine.

          The problem is that T-Mobile’s network has frequency bands that Sprint phones will never support, even though they were still selling Sprint phones several months past the merger.

          So now, T-Mobile is offering “Sprint Select” offers where they straight up swap your phone, no charge after bill credit, to an actual T-Mobile phone. They offered to swap my Galaxy S20 FE 5G for a Galaxy S21, and they offered to swap my spouse’s iPhone SE 2nd Gen for a T-Mobile version.

          Unfortunately, you have to trade both phones on your account for the offer to be valid, and there’s no Galaxy S21s in any of their stores because of a “chip shortage”, but Customer Care will still happily waste your time to drive over there to be told there’s no actual phone and they don’t know when they’ll get them in or if that offer will still be good when they do.

        • Security

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • Google Health is being dismantled, but Big Tech’s quixotic health ambitions persist
            • [Guest post] China Passes Its First Comprehensive Data Protection Law

              China’s long-awaited Personal Information Protection Law (PIPL) was adopted on 20 August 2021 and will enter into force on 1 November 2021 (an unofficial English translation is available here). It is the culmination of a long process. Interest in a law to protect personal information began 2003, when the Information Technology Office of the State Council officially launched legislative research. In 2005, scholars proposed an Expert Draft. Starting with the 2012 Decision of the National People’s Congress on Strengthening the Protection of Network Information, more and more laws were introduced. In recent years, the pace of development has accelerated considerably, as cases of data abuses have repeatedly generated great media interest and heated debates. This led to the enactment of the Cybersecurity Law of 2017 and a plethora of other data security and data protection regulations. In addition, data-related norms have been incorporated into general laws, the new Civil Code of 2020 being a particularly well-known example [Katposts here and here]. Overall, data protections provisions were scattered, often limited to a specific sector, vague or at a relatively low hierarchical level. National standards like the Personal Information Security Specification were by far the most concrete and extensive, but they had no legally binding effect.

            • China proposes strict control of algorithms
    • Digital Restrictions (DRM)

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • Revision of the Swiss Patents Act – Where do we stand today?

          According to the European Innovation Scoreboard (published in June 2021 by the European Commission), Switzerland is the innovation leader in Europe. Novel and inventive technical inventions can be protected by obtaining patent protection. However, Swiss national patent applications are currently not examined for novelty or inventive step. Once a patent is granted, a third party (e.g. a competitor) may challenge the validity of a Swiss national patent in court proceedings. Until the subsequent court decision, the validity of such patent remains unclear. This legal uncertainty diminishes the commercial value of a Swiss national patent and makes it more difficult to enforce the patent against third parties.

          This contrasts to European patents granted by the European Patent Office. European patents are fully examined and may also be subject to a post-grant opposition procedure initiated by a third party. Once granted, the protection of a European patent may be extended to Switzerland. However, obtaining a European patent may be a laborious and expensive process.

          In an attempt to strengthen the Swiss patent system and to make it more attractive for SMEs and individual inventors, the Swiss Federal Council in October 2020 opened the public consultation procedure on a proposed partial revision of the Swiss Patents Act. Under the preliminary draft bill, the Swiss Federal Institute of Intellectual Property (IPI) would examine Swiss national patent applications for all patentability requirements in line with international standards. In addition, applicants would also have the new option to apply for a utility patent, which would be granted without substantive examination, but would only be valid for ten years (as opposed to the twenty years’ patent term).

        • The Daily Biotech Pulse: MorphoSys-Incyte Snag European Nod, Immutep Granted Chinese Patent, Bolt Biotherapeutics Strike Oncology Collaboration

          This new Chinese patent follows the grant of the corresponding Australian, U.S., European, and Japanese patents announced in 2018 through 2020. The claims of the patent are directed to LAG525, pharmaceutical compositions comprising LAG525, nucleic acid molecules that code for the LAG525 antibody, an expression vector or host cell that comprises the nucleic acid molecules, and to the use of LAG525 in the manufacture of a preparation for the treatment of cancer or infectious disease.

        • Switzerland: Patents Comparative Guide [Ed: Patents are not rights; this guy is a liar or lawyer. Also, Switzerland played a considerable role in enabling EPO corruption.]

          The patent confers on its holder the right to prohibit others from commercially using the invention. ‘Use’ includes, in particular, manufacture, storage, offer for sale, placement on the market, import, export and carriage in transit, as well as possession for any of these purposes. Carriage in transit may be prohibited only if the rights holder is permitted to prohibit importation into the country of destination.

        • The First Offer Should Be Unreasonable – and Other Oddities of Government Contracting

          The Federal Circuit’s new decision in DynCorp v. US (Fed. Cir. 2021) involves a bid-protest regarding a government contract. The court’s opening offers a brief insight on the complex world of DOD governmental contracts.

        • Brit says sorry after waving around nonce patent and leaning on sites to cough up [Ed: The patent system enabling fraudsters]

          The director of a tiny UK company has apologised after sending letters to businesses suggesting they had infringed his patents that he claimed covered an age-old web standard.

          The tech in question is the content security policy (CSP) mechanism that websites use to protect their visitors from cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks and similar exploits that steal data and hijack accounts. Specifically, the cryptographic nonce feature of CSP to stop unauthorized scripts from running.

          Datawing Ltd sent a number of letters to small businesses this month claiming to own one UK and one US patent on CSP and its use of a nonce. After an initial wave of alarm and outrage on Twitter when the letters surfaced, The Register tracked down their author: a penitent William Coppock.

        • What you need to know about the new UAE Patent Law
        • United Arab Emirates: What You Need To Know About The New UAE Patent Law

          The UAE has issued Federal Law no. 11 of 2021 (“the Law”) concerning the regulation and protection of Industrial Property Rights. The Law will repeal the former Patent Law, Law No. 17 of 2002. The Law covers patents, industrial designs, integrated designs, undisclosed information and utility certificates. The Law was published in Official Gazette no. 703 on 31 May 2021 and is expected to come into force when the Executive Regulations are published in November 2021.

          On review of the Law, the changes appear to harmonise the UAE’s patent law with international patent legislations. The most notable change is the introduction of a 12 months grace period for disclosures of inventions prior to filing and accelerated examination of ‘urgent applications’. Below we review the key changes in the law and their implications.

          [...]

          Under Article 19 of the former Law a patent would not be infringed by a third party if its use was for non-commercial educational or research purposes or where the patented product enters the state on a temporary basis. Under the new Law, Article 22 includes an additional exception to infringement where the patent is used in a “combination of two medicines or more for the purpose of medical treatment by a licensed pharmacist”. It’s not clear if these changes were introduced in light of the recent pandemic to allow for access to emergency treatments which rely on proprietary drugs or delivery systems. The grant of compulsory licenses have also broadened to include ‘crisis or disaster’ in addition to cases of emergency, dire public need or non-commercial purposes. Other changes include the value of penalties for infringement. Under the former Law, these ranged from AED 5,000 up to a maximum of AED 100,000. Under the new Law, penalties range from AED 100,000 up to AED 1,000,000 as well as potential imprisonment. Further details on the practical implementation of the Law are expected to follow in the Executive Regulations.

          The published law continues the reform of the UAE’s legal framework in order to help support the UAE Vision 2021, one of the pillars of which was to continue in its development of a knowledge-based, productive and competitive economy driven by entrepreneurship and innovation. Although the Law is an instrumental component of this, the development of a holistic innovation ecosystem capable of attracting technology and investment to the UAE will also require evidence of a strong enforcement system where IP rights are respected and rights holders can expect some predictability of how patent invalidity or infringement cases will be handled.

        • Valve catches a break in the Steam Controller patent trial versus Ironburg | GamingOnLinux

          In the ongoing saga between Ironburg Inventions and Valve, a new ruling appeared on August 17 that gives Valve another chance to invalidate some parts of the patents involved.

          The case against Valve boils down to the back paddles included on the Steam Controller, which Ironburg have repeatedly claimed infringes on their patents. Initially, the courts backed Ironburg and awarded at least $4 million in damages, which was upheld in later ruling against Valve.

          Now though another ruling has appeared after an appeal which actually backs Valve. The interesting part here is that one piece of the evidence from Valve during the trial was on some prior art that should have invalidated parts of the patents from Ironburg.

          It involves an article on xboxer360.com (which no longer exists) that you can see using the Wayback Machine showing a controller with buttons on the back being reviewed in 2010 (keep in mind the patent Ironburg were granted is from 2013). Valve showed copies as evidence, but this was ignored in previous rulings. The things is, this same article was even used by Ironburg in their patent application shown at the bottom under “Other references”.

        • AutoStore Sues Ocado Again Seeking Rival’s Auto-Storage IP [Ed: This headline is false or misleading; they sue over dodgy European Patents, not so-called 'IP']

          A Norwegian automated storage systems company that is suing Ocado Group PLC for patent infringement has filed a follow-up claim seeking several robotic technology patents owned by the British online grocery giant that it says it invented.

          AutoStore Technology AS’ entitlement action asks the High Court to award it four of Ocado’s “smart platform” patents filed in the U.K., along with a pending proposed European patent for the same technology.

          Those inventions were actually created by AutoStore employees, the company maintains in its particulars of claim, filed on Aug. 11 but now made public.

        • AAPA Cannot Be “Basis” For IPR, Even If Combined With Prior Art Patents Or Publications [Ed: Ways to get rid of fake patents granted by the USPTO]

          The Board denied institution of an IPR petition because the basis for its sole ground was applicant-admitted prior art (“AAPA”). IPR may be granted “only on the basis of prior art consisting of patents or printed publications.” 35 U.S.C. § 311(b). On August 18, 2020, the USPTO issued a Memorandum on the Treatment of Statements of the Applicant in the Challenged Patent in Inter Partes Reviews under § 311(b) (the “AAPA Memo”), which interprets § 311(b) “to require that at least one prior-art patent or printed publication form the ‘foundation or starting point’ of the IPR, but not to foreclose consideration of other pertinent patentability information.”

          In this case, the petition asserted a single ground of obviousness in view of AAPA and two prior art publications. The petition argued that AAPA disclosed all limitations in the challenged claim except for two limitations. The patent owner argued that IPR should be denied because the petitioner improperly relied on AAPA as the basis for its challenge.

          In response, the petitioner argued that the “AAPA Memo merely prevents a petitioner from relying solely on AAPA to challenge a claim,” whereas “the Petition cites AAPA in combination with two other references.” The petitioner further argued that “the AAPA Memo does not include any restriction on relying on AAPA as the ‘lead reference.’”

        • Legal battle brewing over AI’s potential status as a ‘nonhuman inventor’ [Ed: This is the patent system shooting itself in the foot by sort of admitting it's not about inventions of people; it's just Big Business (litigation for monopolies)]

          If humans and only humans can be named inventors on U.S. patent applications, some AI developers are going to be disincentivized from innovating.

          Within healthcare and the life sciences, algorithms that could help save or enhance lives may never arise.

          So contends one such developer who is suing the Commerce Department’s U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) and its Office of the Undersecretary for Intellectual Property.

          Missouri physicist Stephen Thaler, PhD, filed the action last year, challenging the USPTO’s stated position that an invention must originate as a “mental act” in the mind of a “natural person.”

          Today Thaler continues pursuing the suit, saying the bureau is discouraging AI innovation by, in effect, prohibiting certain patents.

          With such a ban, he suggests, the policy is opening a pathway for bad actors to claim credit for other people’s work.

        • Anixa Biosciences Receives U.S. Patent for Ovarian Cancer Vaccine Technology [Ed: Terms like "Cancer Vaccine" sound a little dodgy because cancers are not viruses (they can be caused by some)]

          California-based Anixa Biosciences, in a statement, confirmed that the company has received the first U.S. patent for its novel ovarian cancer vaccine technology. This technology was invented and developed at Cleveland Clinic, with Anixa is the worldwide licensee. [1] A European patent covering this technology was issued by the European Patent Office in March 2021.

        • The rebuild [Ed: Just more of that meaningless junk that wrongly portrays patents as "intellectual property"]

          The creation of the intellectual property division (IPD) within Delhi High Court is a significant step for efficiently handling IP matters in India.

          The IPD is consistent with the government’s 2016 national IPR policy, which prioritised improving India’s IP protection and enforcement systems. The IPD also aligns with global trends for the establishment of specialised tribunals.

        • PTAB Wrongly Axed Cruise Control Patent, Fed. Circ. Rules [Ed: Exceptional and unusual]

          C
          The Federal Circuit reversed a Patent Trial and Appeal Board decision invalidating two claims of a cruise control patent that has been asserted against Ford, BMW and Fiat Chrysler, finding Friday that the board overlooked evidence that the claims are not obvious.

          The appeals court found that the PTAB reached the wrong conclusion in its inter partes review of a Carrum Technologies patent that was challenged by Unified Patents. It concluded that “reversal is appropriate here because the only permissible factual finding” is that the claims are not invalid.

        • European Union: Act On The Ratification Of The Agreement On A Unified Patent Court Promulgated After Unsuccessful Constitutional Complaints Regarding UPC (German Federal Constitutional Court, Order Dated June 23, 2021 – Docket Nos. 2 BvR 2216/20 And 2217/20 –)
          [Ed: There are more challenges and hurdles on the way; Team UPC knows it, but it is too busy lying to its clients, indoctrinating them for profit]

          With its order dated June 23, 2021 in the joint proceedings 2 BvR 2216/20 and 2217/20, the German Federal Constitutional Court (FCC) rejected the requests for a preliminary injunction because the constitutional complaints on the merits are inadmissible. This was the FCC’s second decision on the Act on the ratification of the Agreement on a Unified Patent Court. With its first decision, dated February 13, 2020, the FCC still found that the Act on the ratification of the Agreement on a Unified Patent Court was unconstitutional because the vote by the German parliament (Bundestag) lacked a qualified majority back then. Subsequently, the German government put this Act to the vote again and the German Bundestag adopted the Act with the required two-third majority. Then, the German Federal Council (Bundesrat) unanimously adopted the Act. The complainants’ constitutional complaints are directed against the Act on the Ratification of the Agreement on a Unified Patent Court, the requests for interim injunctions were supposed to prevent its signature by the German Federal President. With its decision, the FCC rejects the requests, i.e. the German hurdle regarding the ratification of the Agreement on a Unified Patent Court has been cleared. While a decision on the merits is indeed still pending, it cannot be expected that the FCC will decide differently in that case.

        • Merch over money: how in-house incentivise invention disclosure [Ed: Bribing people to waste their money and time on worthless lawyers who give them bad advice to instigate conflicts]

          Counsel at Pure Storage and four other companies reveal how swag, plaques, simple forms and hard cash can motivate inventors to work with legal

        • Fact or fiction? Debunking patent myths for business and technology leaders [Ed: Laughable propaganda or pure fiction (like calling patents "intellectual property") from patent litigation firms that basically what we're supposed to think of as "media"]

          There are many misconceptions or ‘myths’ about patents that have found their way into popular discourse among business leaders and technology managers, ranging from what type of innovations are patentable, to how important it is to own and protect your intellectual property (IP) using patents. These myths include “You can’t patent software”, “I have a patent on my product so I am allowed to sell my product” and “You should only get patents if you are willing (and can afford) to take someone to court if they infringe them”. Unfortunately, many businesses fail to secure patent rights on valuable intellectual property or fail to identify, recognize and mitigate patent-related risks in part because they are relying on these myths. This may lead to missed opportunities or worse, result in increased liability arising from patent infringement disputes.

        • Software Patents

          • Not patentable to patent-eligible: Redesigning product based on user feedback – not technical, but Controlling the manufacture of a product – technical [Ed: Bardehle Pagenberg still pushing illegal software patents, looking for loopholes and ways to trick examiners etc.]

            This decision concerns a patent application for a method of redesigning a product based on customer feedback. In the appeal, the Board considered that claim of the Main Request was so abstract that it encompasses entirely non-technical subject-matter excluded under Article 52(2) and (3) EPC. However, with the Auxiliary Request, claim 1 was amended to include technical limitations and was then considered patent-eligible.

            [...]

            During the Oral Proceedings before the Board, the applicant filed a set of amended claims as an Auxiliary Request. Amended claim 1 of the Auxiliary Request is as follows (emphasis added to identify the additional features).

            In brief, the amended claim included the following limitations: a hardware limitation of a controller and converting apparatus, type of manufactured article to an absorbent article, and a manufacturing step by the converting apparatus.

          • EA pledges to share patents for accessibility [Ed: EA pursuing patent monopolies that harm disabled people and then it claims to be "giving it away" as if it's charitable to give away monopolies that should never have been sought in the first place]

            Electronic Arts, a California-based video game company, pledged not to enforce five patents on Tuesday, August 24, that related to technologies designed to improve accessibility of games to people with disabilities or medical issues.

            The patents cover technologies that improve the visibility of colours to optimise for vision deficiencies and generate personalised music to comport with a user’s hearing issues, among other things.

            The company said that the industry needed to work together to break down barriers. “The accessibility patent pledge we launched today is intended to help inspire and encourage others to introduce pioneering and creative technologies. We hope others will join us in sharing their patents.”

            The company said, however, that it reserved the right to terminate this pledge for a specific party if that party sued it or its affiliates for patent infringement.

            EA’s decision to share its patents is part of a larger trend of businesses pledging not to enforce their patents when it comes to certain public interest issues.

            On August 4, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Microsoft, and Facebook launched the Low Carbon Patent Pledge, in which signatories agreed to make patented technologies that had applications in low carbon innovations freely available.

            And last year, organisations and businesses signed the Open COVID pledge, in which they agreed to make their IP free of charge for use in ending the COVID-19 pandemic and minimising the impact of the disease.

          • Medical device software is booming but creating IP hurdles [Ed: Shilling software patents as if they are “medical”. Classic Patrick Wingrove.]

            In-house and private practice counsel set out the challenges and opportunities of protecting software in medical devices and software as a medical device

      • Trademarks

        • Opinion: Media outrage over menopause TM misses the point [Ed: Let's hear it from the propaganda mill of trademark litigation lawyers, funded by those firms to appease critics of trademark maximalism]

          According to some of the UK media, Davina McCall is heading for world domination – and a trademark application related to the menopause is driving her quest.

          Who is McCall, you may well ask? For those who don’t know, McCall is a TV presenter who is probably most famous for a long stint presenting the UK version of the reality TV show ‘Big Brother’ in the early 2000s.

          These days, while still undertaking other presenting duties, 53-year-old McCall has been trying to raise awareness of the struggles that women face when experiencing the menopause. A book about this, called ‘Menopausing’, is due to be released in May next year.

        • From “Just Do It” to “It’s All About Seconds,” What Brands Need to Know About Protecting Their Slogans | The Fashion Law

          In addition to their names, logos, and in some, relatively rare cases, signature colors, many well-known brands have also looked to slogans to help distinguish their products from those of others. Beginning in 2019, Chanel, for instance, has been using – and successfully amassing trademark registrations for – a slogan of its own: “It’s All About Seconds.” In many ads for its J12 watch collection, whether it be printed across sizable newspaper spreads, hashtagged in Instagram posts, or spoken in short video clips that depict models and/or ambassadors like Naomi Campbell, Margot Robbie, and Lily-Rose Depp, consumers inevitably encounter the slogan. “I think I make the biggest life decisions in a split second,” Robbie asserts in one of the French luxury brand’s video campaigns, subsequently alerting the viewer that “it’s all about seconds.”

          Chanel has been able to win registrations for its slogan for use on watches in a number of jurisdictions across the globe, as has Nike for its slogan “Just Do It,” for which the Beaverton, Oregon-based sportswear titan has over one hundred different registrations, one the first of which was issued by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office in the 1990s. Still yet, there is the well-known “I’m lovin it” mark held by McDonald’s,” which has been registered by the American multinational fast food chain on a worldwide basis, dating back to at least 2003.

      • Copyrights

        • Juno Therapeutics, Inc. v. Kite Pharma, Inc. (Fed. Cir. 2021)

          Dominating the entering gallery of the Impressionists exhibit at the Art Institute of Chicago is Georges Seurat’s A Sunday on La Grande Jatte (see below). Painted in the pointillist style, the work comprises millions of individual paint dots reminiscent of photos taken with late 20th Century technology made up of hundreds of individual photographs. Both these examples of “from many, one” come to mind when considering the Federal Circuit’s opinion today in Juno Therapeutics, Inc. v. Kite Pharma, Inc., wherein the Court overturned a jury’s factual determination that Kite had not shown by clear and convincing evidence that the asserted claims were invalid for failure to satisfy the written description requirement of 35 U.S.C. § 112(a). As a consequence, the Court also vacated a $1.2 billion judgment to Juno Therapeutics.

        • Barcelona Appeal Court sheds some light on the difficult interface between national infringement proceedings and parallel EPO opposition proceedings

          For many years, due to the rigidity of Spanish civil procedure, it was very difficult, if not impossible, to accommodate in national infringement proceedings events that may have taken place in parallel proceedings where the validity of the relevant patent was discussed, namely, opposition proceedings before the European Patent Office (“EPO”).

          [...]

          Huawei requested the suspension of the appeal procedure until the EPO Board of Appeal resolved an appeal that was pending against a decision from an Opposition Division that had found the patent to be invalid. Although Spanish courts are normally very reluctant to suspend national infringement proceedings when there is a parallel opposition procedure pending before the EPO, this time, due to the proximity of the date of the hearing of the EPO appeal, the Barcelona Court of Appeal (Section 15) made an exception and suspended the national appeal proceedings. At the end of the oral hearing, the Board of Appeal announced that the patent had been found to be valid in a limited form. In other words, it upheld the validity of one of the sets of claims proposed by the patentee in its auxiliary requests.

          In view of this, the defendant (Huawei) requested the Barcelona Court of Appeal (Section 15) to find that the EPO decision had caused a “supervening lack of object” in the Spanish infringement proceedings (i.e. the patent no longer existed with retrospective effect) and, as a result, uphold the appeal against the judgment that had found the claims as granted to be infringed.

        • The Unified Patent Court: expect the unexpected [Ed: "World Intellectual Property Review" as Team UPC propaganda platform; loaded statements, falsehoods, and lobbying disguised as "journalism" (PR for litigation firms)]
        • Copyrightability of Software: The Next Big Case [Ed: Litigation 'industry'-funded pundits want copyright maximalism to the detriment of software developers (many potential lawsuits)]

          The next big software copyright case is before the Federal Circuit in the form of SAS Institute, Inc. v. World Programming Limited, Docket No. 21-1542. The litigation has substantial parallels to Google v. Oracle, but might end up with a different outcome. In Google, the Supreme Court found fair-use but did not decide the issue of copyrightability. That issue is front-and-center in this case.

          WPL is a UK based software company who obtained several copies of SAS statistical software and made a clone version. SAS sued in E.D.Tex for both copyright infringement and patent infringement. The district court dismissed the copyright claims — holding that the software was unprotectable.

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