10.31.21

Gemini version available ♊︎

Links 31/10/2021: TDE R14.0.11, ExTiX 21.11, and antiX 21

Posted in News Roundup at 4:16 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • Asus Chromebook CX9 Review: Too much of a good thing

        I even used Blender to render a heavy 3D scene that would have brought a lesser laptop to its knees, and it still managed to hold its ground—albeit some sluggishness. Granted, you probably shouldn’t buy this Chromebook for serious 3D work, but the fact I’m able to render a scene with it truly shows how far we’ve come with Chrome OS. You won’t find your usual Adobe apps here—although the company recently launched Photoshop and Illustrator for the web—and it’s a bit of a hassle to install Linux apps without a dedicated app store. Google, it’s about time you made an official app store for Linux.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • Theming My Login Screen For Maximum Gains (sddm) – Invidious

        I spent several hours in the last few days creating an sddm theme that includes nine different background images based on nine different terminal colorschemes. I also packaged my sddm theme for the Arch User Repository (AUR) and for the DTOS core repository.

    • Kernel Space

      • Memory Folios Looks For Inclusion In Linux 5.16 – Phoronix

        After memory folios failed to make it into Linux 5.15, this low-level change to the kernel memory management code that has possible performance implications is looking to land for Linux 5.16.

        Ahead of the Linux 5.16 merge window that may open as soon as tomorrow, Matthew Wilcox sent in his pull request for introducing folios to the kernel. Here is the main excerpt from the pull request for those not familiar with folios or having forgot the details over the months that this feature has been in the works…

      • Performance Optimizations, Other “Big” Work For Linux 5.16 To The Block Code – Phoronix

        Linux block subsystem maintainer and IO_uring lead developer Jens Axboe has prepared his various pull requests ahead of the upcoming Linux 5.16 merge window.

        Axboe calls it “a big one” for the changes he oversees going into Linux 5.16.

    • Applications

      • 7 Best Free Tools to Find and Delete Duplicate Files

        Even though the cost of storage per GB continues to fall, it’s common for users to need to find and remove duplicates files. Duplicates can stem from any file stored on your computer, be it images, software, music, video or what not. The process of finding and removing duplicates is time-consuming. Considering the volume of duplicate files, this is easier said than done. Fortunately, there are a number of tools that are designed to remove the laborious nature of finding duplicates by scanning and detecting your system for duplicate files in every format.

        Duplicate files are a real annoyance. Aside from using disk space, these files do nothing but clutter up your drive, make your PC run slower, and increase the difficulty level significantly when it comes to finding the right version of a specific file: is it the one I just updated, or the other one?

      • Top 10 Best Dictionary Apps for Linux Desktop

        Using a dictionary application is not backdated yet if you’re a vocab learner or you’re learning a new language. Previously most people used dictionary applications for spelling checking and learning the word meaning. In modern dictionary applications, you do the maximum utilization by using the dictionary app for spell checking, word meaning, synonyms and antonyms, the origin of a word, pronunciation, and different use cases of a word. If you’re a professional writer, a good dictionary application will definitely help you in writing. These dictionary types of quick and handy tools are commonly available and popular for Windows, but we can find dictionary apps for Linux as well that will give a professional vibe.

      • SMPlayer 21.10.0

        SMPlayer intends to be a complete front-end for MPlayer, from basic features like playing videos, DVDs, and VCDs to more advanced features like support for MPlayer filters and more. One of the most interesting features of SMPlayer: it remembers the settings of all files you play. So you start to watch a movie but you have to leave… don’t worry, when you open that movie again it will resume at the same point you left it, and with the same settings: audio track, subtitles, volume…

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How To Install Caddy on Debian 11 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Caddy on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, Caddy is a powerful, enterprise-ready, open-source web server with automatic HTTPS written in Go. It is designed with security in mind and provides a number of features that are useful for hosting websites. Caddy is compatible with Operating Systems such as Linux, BSD, Windows, Mac, Solaris, and Android platforms.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the Caddy Web Server on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

      • How to install Grafana 8 on Ubuntu 21.04

        In this tutorial guide we are going to learn how to install Grafana 8 on Ubuntu 21.04 server. Grafana is a complete observability stack that allows you to monitor and analyze logs, metrics and traces.

        Grafana allows you to query, visualize, alert on and understand your data insight. Grafana can create, explore and create beautiful dashboards that can be shared with your teams.

      • List all installed kernels on Ubuntu except current one Using sed

        Lists all installed kernels minus the current one. This is useful to uninstall older kernels that take too much space on /boot partition.

      • How to install Mozilla FireFox on Debian 11 Bullseye

        Firefox is a web browser from the Mozilla project, which is a part of the non-profit organization Mozilla Foundation. It can be downloaded free of charge to install on any popular operating system including Linux. If you have installed minimal Debian 11 bullseye with GUI and want to install Firefox browser later then here are the commands.

        Being an open-source project, this browser is constantly getting new updates from its lively community. There are numerous extensions available which we can use to increase the standard range of functions as required, contributing to the great popularity and spread of Mozilla Firefox.

        Each version of Firefox goes through several stages of development. As an interested user, you can extensively test new features in the Nightly, Aurora, and Beta versions before the official release. Known security holes are fixed within a few hours, so you can surf the web safely.

        Well, Firefox is available in two editions one is Firefox -ESR, and the other is Firefox Standard.

      • Install Nextcloud Client on Debian 11 Bullseye Linux

        If you have an up and running NextCloud server, then to easily access & sync your cloud-stored data we can use its client application available for Linux, Windows, and macOS desktops including for smartphones. Here we learn the steps to install and set up NextCloud Client on Debian 11 Bullseye or 10 Buster using the command terminal.

        Nextcloud desktop client has offered the option of automatically syncing only individual directories. The users can specify which directories should be locally synchronized with the server. And if you want can download any file directly from the folder set by the client. In this way, they can prevent their local had disk from getting running out of space. Tutorial for those who want to install their NextCloud Server on Debian 11 or 10.

      • How To Install Zorin OS 16 With Dualboot, UEFI-GPT, And External Drive Methods

        This tutorial explains how to setup Zorin OS 16 to a computer for end-users. This includes methods to install either to internal hard disk or external drive storage, even a USB Flash Drive, dualboot or singleboot, and with either UEFI-GPT or BIOS-MBR options. Please make backup if you are dualbooting and be extra careful following every single step. Let’s start!

      • HOW TO USE SED EDITOR – Unixcop

        SED : stands for stream editor used for Filtering and Transforming on input stream from Files or pipelines…

      • How to Install GIMP on Ubuntu 20.04 – LinuxCapable

        GIMP is free, open-source raster graphics editing software primarily used for image manipulation and image editing, transcoding between various image formats, free-form drawing, and many more specialized tasks. GIMP is released under GPL-3.0-or-later license and is available for Linux, macOS, and Microsoft Windows.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn to install the GIMP application on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa using three alternative methods that you can choose from.

      • How to Install or Enable Cockpit on Ubuntu 20.04 – LinuxCapable

        Cockpit is a free remote server manager that is lightweight and easy to use for GNU/Linux servers. Cockpit is a web-based graphical interface for servers intended for people new to Linux to the experts such as sysadmins. Cockpit makes Linux discoverable, allowing anyone using the software to perform tasks such as start containers, administer storage, configure networks, and inspect logs.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install Cockpit on your Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa system.

      • How to install Mozilla FireFox on Debian 11 Bullseye – Linux Shout

        Firefox is a web browser from the Mozilla project, which is a part of the non-profit organization Mozilla Foundation. It can be downloaded free of charge to install on any popular operating system including Linux. If you have installed minimal Debian 11 bullseye with GUI and want to install Firefox browser later then here are the commands.

      • How to install and Configure Mysql Server 8 on Fedora 34/35

        MySQL is an open-source relational database management system. Its one of the popular relational management system.

        Mysql is commonly installed as part of the popular LAMP or LEMP (Linux, Apache/Nginx, MySQL/MariaDB, PHP/Python/Perl) stack. It implements the relational model and Structured Query Language (SQL) to manage and query data.

        In this guide we are going to install mysql 8 on Fedora 34/35

      • How to kill a zombie process on Linux | Opensource.com

        Here’s a tale as old as epoch time. Since there has been C and Unix, and (later on) Linux, we’ve had zombies. Specifically, there are processes that get marked as a zombie process. Misunderstood by some, ignored by others, and immune to the efforts of so many of us trying to kill these processes without much success. Why is that?

      • Install Nextcloud Client on Debian 11 Bullseye Linux – Linux Shout

        If you have an up and running NextCloud server, then to easily access & sync your cloud-stored data we can use its client application available for Linux, Windows, and macOS desktops including for smartphones. Here we learn the steps to install and set up NextCloud Client on Debian 11 Bullseye or 10 Buster using the command terminal.

        Nextcloud desktop client has offered the option of automatically syncing only individual directories. The users can specify which directories should be locally synchronized with the server. And if you want can download any file directly from the folder set by the client. In this way, they can prevent their local had disk from getting running out of space. Tutorial for those who want to install their NextCloud Server on Debian 11 or 10.

      • How To Use The SeedSigner Bitcoin Wallet – Bitcoin Magazine: Bitcoin News, Articles, Charts, and Guides

        SeedSigner is the new, cool kid on the block when it comes to DIY Bitcoin hardware wallets. It’s a very interesting device that certainly does things differently compared to the other hardware wallets on the market.

      • How to Set Up Aleph.im Virtual Machines | Hacker Noon

        Nearing the end of 2021, most blockchain dApps still have large parts of their stack that are centralized.
        The smart contracts that power most DeFi protocols tend to be the only really decentralized aspect.
        Most applications still have servers running on services like AWS that power their frontend user interfaces or process backend data and stats.
        One of the main tenants of cryptocurrency and blockchain is “censorship resistance”.
        Platforms like Quickswap and Hot Potato are great, but what happens if Amazon decides to turn off the servers powering the actual app that users are using?

      • How to implement secure configurations more quickly – Help Net Security

        Secure configurations are a key best practice for limiting an organization’s cyber vulnerabilities. Since systems don’t ship securely, it’s important to review and implement recommended guidance.

      • How to install GIMP on AlmaLinux 8 / Rocky Linux 8 – Linux Shout

        GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) is a good free alternative to Photoshop from Adobe and comes with numerous professional editing functions for images and photos. Here we learn the ways to install GIMP on Rocky Linux or AlmaLinux 8.

        The selection and assembly technique is solid. The program offers all selection tools. The retouching functions and contrast correction also meet high demands. In just a few steps, you can crop images, free up sections or undo changes. To carry out complex edits, you can create layers in the GIMP on which you can work separately.

        Getting quick screenshots or retouching and editing photos, graphics, and images for the Internet – all of this is possible with the GIMP. The program offers all selection tools.

        Just like photoshop, the user can use retouching functions and contrast correction to meet high demands, and even Photoshop PSD files with layers can be easily opened by the GIMP.

      • [Older] How to install HomeBrew on Linux

        One of the popular package managers of macOS is Brew that we can also use on Linux operating systems such as Ubuntu, easily. Whereas Brew Cask extends Homebrew with support for quick installation of applications.

    • Games

      • Dante’s Inferno Arcade Reveals Your True Fate | Hackaday

        Many of us are vaguely familiar with the levels of hell described in Dante’s epic poem from the 14th century, even if we’ve never visited ourselves. It’s natural to wonder in which circle of hell one might end up, but that’s a question that [scubabear’s] arcade build seeks to answer.

      • Pick up some more games in the Aspyr 25th Anniversary Bundle | GamingOnLinux

        A usual mixture of games that have native builds, along with some that work well in Steam Play Proton. Some older native ports probably work better with Proton though.

      • Here’s Some Sales For Halloween 2021 – Boiling Steam

        You might be looking at what deals to grab on Linux as there’s a short window for Halloween right now with special sales going on. We have a quick list for you below, based on reliable price history and good Linux compatibility (either Native or working well with Proton). We hope you find this useful! Have a great time.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • TDE R14.0.11 release is ready!

          The Trinity Desktop Environment (TDE) development team is pleased to announce the immediate availability of TDE R14.0.11.

          TDE is a complete software desktop environment designed for Unix-like operating systems, intended for computer users preferring a traditional desktop model, and is free/libre software. Born as a fork of KDE 3.5 back in 2010, TDE is now a fully independent project with its own personality and development team, available for various Linux distros, BSD and DilOS.

        • Trinity Desktop R14.0.11 Released For Continuing To Improve Upon KDE 3.5

          The Trinity Desktop Environment as a decade-old project that forked from the KDE 3.5 desktop continues persevering bit-by-bit to improve this once widely enjoyed desktop environment.

          Trinity Desktop Environment R14.0.11 is the new release out today for this KDE 3.5 fork. Notable with the new release is improved support for running on high resolution displays, new TWin styles of SUSE2 and DeKorator, improved FFmpeg support, Kopete video support improvements, Konqueror weather bar improvements, a working KNemo back-end, and a wide variety of other fixes and usability enhancements and UI refinements.

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • Gnome Subtitles 1.7.1 Released! How to Install in Ubuntu 20.04 / 21.10

          For adding subtitles to your video, the Gnome Subtitles editor released v1.7.1. Here’s how to install it in Ubuntu 16.04, 18.04, 20.04, 21.10 via PPA.

          Gnome Subtitles is a free and open-source subtitle editor for Linux. Without using a heavy video editor app, this simple tool allows to add subtitles & captions to your video with preview, timing synchronization, translation, spell checking support and more.

          It has been two years since the last release, Gnome Subtitle 1.7 (and 1.7.1 with quick fixes) was released with support for Enchant 2, AbiWord’s spell-checker with updated API/ABI.

    • Distributions

      • spelunking through the apk-tools dependency solver

        In our previous episode, I wrote a high level overview of apk’s differences verses traditional package managers, which many have cited as a helpful resource for understanding the behavior of apk when it does something different than a traditional package manager would. But that article didn’t go into depth in enough detail to explain how it all actually works. This one hopefully will.

      • New Releases

        • Nitrux 1.7 Brings KDE Plasma 5.23, Impressive Looks + More

          Nitrux 1.7 release brings fresh Plasma desktop, the latest kernel and applications. We round up the release with a quick review.

        • ExTiX 21.11 – “The Ultimate Linux System” – based on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS with LXQt 0.17, Refracta Snapshot and kernel 5.14.12-exton-amd64 :: Build 211030

          I have made a new version of ExTiX – The Ultimate Linux System. I call it ExTiX 21.11 LXQt Live DVD. (The previous LXQt version was 21.5 from 210516). ExTiX 21.11 is based on a pre-release (not even BETA) of Ubuntu 22.04 LTS (Jammy Jellyfish)! Ubuntu 22.04 will be supported until 2027. The best thing with ExTiX 21.11 is that while running the system live (from DVD/USB) or from hard drive you can use Refracta Snapshot (pre-installed) to create your own live installable Ubuntu system. So easy that a ten year child can do it! One other very good thing with this version of ExTiX is that it is quite light. The ISO file is of only 1580 MB, which means that you can run the system super fast from RAM. When the boot process is ready you can eject the DVD or USB stick. Use Boot alternative 3 or Advanced options… >> load to RAM. IMPORTANT NOTE: Since this version of ExTiX is based on a pre-release of Ubuntu you shouldn’t use it for sensitive work/business. Having said that I must also say that I haven’t found any “bugs” or so. Maybe it’s because ExTiX 21.11 uses the stable LXQt 0.17 DE (and not the more complicated Gnome DE or KDE DE).

        • antiX-21 (Grup Yorum) released

          antiX-21 (Grup_Yorum) is based on Debian Bullseye and is fully systemd-free.

          As usual we offer the following systemd-free flavours for both 32 and 64 bit architecture, running sysVinit or runit. The 32 bit versions use a non-pae kernel.

          antiX-full (c1.4GB) – 4 windows managers – IceWM (default), fluxbox, jwm and herbstluftwm plus full libreoffice suite. x64 versions come with 2 kernels. Legacy 4.9 and Modern 5.10

          antiX-base (<<800MB – fits on 800MB cd) – 4 windows managers – IceWM (default), fluxbox, jwm and herbstluftwm.

        • Systemd-Free antiX 21 Linux Distro Released, Based on Debian GNU/Linux 11 “Bullseye”

          antiX 21 arrives more than five months after antiX 19.4 and brings a fresh new base from the repositories of the latest and greatest Debian GNU/Linux 11 “Bullseye” operating system series.

          Of course, in the tradition of the antiX and MX Linux distributions, the new release doesn’t ship with the systemd init system, nor the libsystemd0 library that provides interfaces to various systemd components.

      • PCLinuxOS/Mageia/Mandriva/OpenMandriva Family

        • Calibre » PCLinuxOS

          Calibre is meant to be a complete e-library solution. It includes library management, format conversion, news feeds to ebook conversion as well as e-book reader sync features. Updated to 5.31.1

        • Caprine » PCLinuxOS

          Caprine is an unofficial and privacy-focused Facebook Messenger app with many useful features. Updated to 2.55.0.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • Now You Can Try Ubuntu In A Web Browser With Ubuntu Online 21.10

          Now, you can try Ubuntu in your web browser with any operating system before installing it on your PC. Yes, you heard it right and it has been made possible with the release of Ubuntu Online 21.10. Ubuntu Online works both online and offline.

          Ubuntu Tour’ Web Browser can’t render all pages in your browser because of Content Security Policy (CSP).

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Top 10 opensource workflow management software

        Software and corporate teams use computers to get tasks and projects completed within the required timelines. In theory, computers are supposed to make task completion faster, efficient in a more organized manner. However, computers don’t necessarily improve our output without several manual tweaks of available software to match a team’s workflow needs.

        Workflow management involves a series of well-defined tasks, steps, the input of data, and sequentially processing to achieve results such as task completion in a project. In essence, workflows represent the mechanism of getting work done. Each team has its own preferred best practices to get the job done. For example, the developer team can employ methodologies like Agile, Waterfall, or DevOps principles to achieve desired goals.

        The article will highlight some of the best free and open-source workflow management software.

      • No girl software freedom here | Stop at Zona-M

        As a twenty year old single male I think it’s very hard to find a girl who’s actually interested in free software. I’ve had girls jokingly ask to “Netflix and chill” but when I tell her that I don’t use Netflix since Netflix requires proprietary software to stream content, they stop talking to me.

      • Open-source e-commerce: The next wave of value for the enterprise

        Customers of a large advanced-electronics manufacturing business were having trouble finding and ordering products on the company’s website. The solution? Customer service told them to email their orders to their sales reps, who would then enter them into the site themselves. The email orders were inevitably unclear, leading sales reps to spend endless hours searching for products, clarifying the orders, and inputting the wrong information. Not only that, but top sales reps were spending their time doing basic fulfillment, not selling.

      • Materialise & Proponent aim to make 3D printing more accessible for aerospace MROs

        Materialise has partnered with aircraft part distributor Proponent to explore how 3D printing could help aerospace OEMs.

      • Pocket satellites made in Greece

        Libre Space Foundation, which has a lab in the center of Athens, designs and develops space technology with the use of open software

        [...]

        “We went numb,” Manthos Papamatthaiou, the president of the Libre Space Foundation (LSF), tells Kathimerini when he remembers the great ball of fire they saw on their screens. “Even if you are aware that it is a possibility, we had put a lot of work into it and everything was in place to receive signals from orbit. According to our calculations, the satellites would have made their first pass of over Greece in the afternoon of the same day.”

        [...]

        He also notes a parallel trend that is being seen internationally in the aerospace sector, which their team represents. Their organization supports the free sharing of information through open source code and software that are exchanged on the internet at no cost, free of intellectual property rights. “We believe that everything should be done with the purpose of spreading knowledge and the peaceful use of space, to broaden humanity’s horizons,” concludes Papamatthaiou.

      • Advantages and Disadvantages of Open Source Software

        There are both advantages and disadvantages of open source software. Price is not the only factor, although it may seem quite an important one at first glance. In this article we will look at both the advantages and the disadvantages of open source software.

        [...]

        Ultimately, we all have to make our own decisions about open source software. There has been resistance in the past but these days even major enterprises like Amazon have converted to open source. This is the direction that the industry is going and maybe turning your back on open source is like the fabled King Canute standing on the beach commanding the tide not to come in.

      • Status of Zephyr and NuttX RTOS support for ESP32 – CNX Software

        Espressif has recently announced that both Zephyr and NuttX open-source real-time operating systems had gotten official support for the ESP32 series of WiSoCs.

        It’s been a long time in the making, and when I first tried the community developer port of Zephyr OS on ESP32 in 2018 it did not work well at all, and I could not even make the blink LED sample work on Wemos Lolin32 board, and the WiFi sample would not even build. But time has passed, Espressif Systems started to officially work on Zephyr in 2020, and now I/Os, WiFi, and some other features work on Zephyr and NuttX RTOSes.

      • Events

        • GridGain Unveils Conference Schedule for 2021 Ignite Summit: Cloud Edition

          GridGain® Systems, provider of enterprise-grade in-memory computing solutions powered by the Apache® Ignite® distributed database, today published the conference schedule for the 2021 Ignite Summit: Cloud Edition, a free virtual event for the global Apache Ignite community, taking place November 16, 2021. Featuring expert speakers from Hewlett Packard Enterprise, IBM and GridGain, the 2021 conference is intended for developers, architects and members of the Apache Ignite community who use or are interested in using Apache Ignite to tackle speed and scale challenges in cloud environments. Registration for the virtual event is open to anyone, anywhere in the world.

      • SaaS/Back End/Databases

        • PostgreSQL vs. MySQL

          PostgreSQL and MySQL are the two top database management systems. Besides, the two are open-source relational databases meaning they can be used for free, and their code is also freely available. Multiple commercials and in-house applications use PostgreSQL and MySQL.

          PostgreSQL, commonly known as Postgres and MySQL, has been around for a long time. Both RDBMSes are secure, and they support network fault tolerance and clustering. However, despite all the similarities, some elements help differentiate the two database management systems.

          Let’s look at what is PostgreSQL and MySQL?

      • Productivity Software/LibreOffice/Calligra

      • FSF

        • Tamil Nadu’s facial recognition systems slammed over privacy concerns

          The Free Software Foundation of Tamil Nadu (FSFTN) condemned the State’s implementation of Facial Recognition System (FRS) and said it was an abuse of an individual’s right to privacy.

          [...]

          “The system enables the police to capture the faces of people and compare them with the records of the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and System (CCTNS) to identify a potential criminal. The CCTNS has records from almost 14,000 police stations across India with around 5 lakh photos of criminals,” said FSFTN in a press statement. It added that the system breaches an individual’s privacy as there is no basic standard operating procedure in place for its usage.

        • GNU Projects

          • GIMP 2.99.8

            Much of the release notes for the newly arrived GIMP 2.99.8 covers continuous integration changes. While it might be a boring topic for you, especially if you are in the “DO WANT FEATURES” camp, this is actually great. Here is why.

            If someone fixed a bug that annoyed you or implemented a new feature that you really wanted, you can now test this on your operating system of choice and provide feedback to both the contributor and GIMP developers before they cut a release or sometimes even before they merge a fix or a feature into main development branch.

            It’s a kind of a big deal when you think how much folklore is rooted in a belief that GIMP developers don’t listen to users.

            Speaking of which, you can now use clone tools on multiple layers. The feature was requested and sponsored by Gleb Alexandrov of Creative Shrimp. His use case is working on multiple maps of the same material in a photoscanning workflow.

          • GDB Debugger Adds Native Support For OpenRISC On Linux – Phoronix

            The GNU Debugger (GDB) has landed native support for OpenRISC on Linux and GDB server support.

            Merged this week to the GDB Git code was native support for OpenRISC “or1k” and GDB server support. This native support builds off earlier OpenRISC code within the GNU Debugger.

          • Best accounting software for small business in 2021 [Ed: GnuCash mentioned third from the top]

            GnuCash is accounting software designed for individuals and small businesses, and was initially conceived as an open source alternative to apps such as Intuit’s Quicken.

        • Licensing/Legal

          • Mastodon Threatens to Sue Trump’s Social Media Site for Violating Open-Source License

            Social networking provider Mastodon is threatening to sue Donald Trump’s upcoming social media platform for allegedly misusing Mastodon’s open-source computer code.

            On Friday, Mastodon announced it had sent a formal letter to Trump’s “Truth Social” platform, demanding it comply with the open-source license for Mastodon’s computer code within 30 days. If Truth Social doesn’t, then Mastodon could sue the platform for copyright infringement, according to Mastodon founder Eugen Rochko.

            The dispute centers on how Trump’s “Truth Social” platform appears to rely on Mastodon’s open-source computer code to power the site. A test version of Truth Social went live earlier this month and users immediately noticed it adopted several design elements from Mastodon’s software.

      • Programming/Development

        • SDL2 Begins Landing More Workable RISC OS Support – Phoronix

          Back in February 2020 SDL2 began seeing early work for RISC OS support. Now being merged this weekend to this key library used by many cross-platform games is now more functioning support for the RISC OS Arm-based operating system.

          Last year was just the basic support for building SDL2 on Arm OS while merged overnight was keyboard input support, a barebones RISC OS video driver, mode-switching support for RISC OS, and also mouse input support. It’s more functioning support for the Simple DirectMedia Layer 2 code to actually be somewhat useful now on RISC OS should any games or other software want to also target that platform.

        • Lamboozling Attackers: A New Generation of Deception: Software engineering teams can exploit attackers’ human nature by building deception environments.

          Deception is a powerful resilience tactic that provides observability into attack operations, deflects impact from production systems, and advises resilient system design. A lucid understanding of the goals, constraints, and design tradeoffs of deception systems could give leaders and engineers in software development, architecture, and operations a new tactic for building more resilient systems—and for bamboozling attackers.

          Unfortunately, innovation in deception has languished for nearly a decade because of its exclusive ownership by information security specialists. Mimicry of individual system components remains the status-quo deception mechanism despite growing stale and unconvincing to attackers, who thrive on interconnections between components and expect to encounter systems. Consequently, attackers remain unchallenged and undeterred.

          This wasted potential motivated our design of a new generation of deception systems, called deception environments. These are isolated replica environments containing complete, active systems that exist to attract, mislead, and observe attackers. By harnessing modern infrastructure and systems design expertise, software engineering teams can use deception tactics that are largely inaccessible to security specialists. To help software engineers and architects evaluate deception systems through the lens of systems design, we developed a set of design principles summarized as a pragmatic framework. This framework, called the FIC trilemma, captures the most important dimensions of designing deception systems: fidelity, isolation, and cost.

        • Why Embedded Software Development is Harder

          Developers sometimes distinguish “embedded” as a special kind of software development. Maybe different than categories like “web” or “apps”. Is it really? In the end, writing software looks very much the same.

          There are aspects which have significant effect on the development process but it makes sense to differentiate six aspects.

    • Standards/Consortia

      • What Is the Matrix Protocol and How Does It Work?

        Most of the platforms we use to communicate with each other online are tied to a single provider. But there’s no technical reason for things to be this way. There are ways to chat online that offer a greater degree of privacy and freedom. Matrix is one of those ways.

        [...]

        The Matrix.org Foundation describes Matrix not as a protocol but as a decentralized conversation store. There is no single point of failure, such as a centralized server, in Matrix. When you communicate with someone, the data is shared among all the servers, with users participating in the conversation. If your server goes down, the conversation can still go on elsewhere until your server goes back up.

        This is an effort to democratize communication. Each server has equal ownership over conversations and self-sovereignty over user data. These servers can be self-hosted at home or on a virtual private server or hosted by an organization, company, or community. This contrasts with all major commercial platforms, such as Discord, where the company owns the servers that everyone connects to and, as a result, all of the data. And if those servers go down, no one can communicate.

        That’s not where the contrasts stop. While someone on Twitter can’t send a direct message to someone on Facebook, Matrix is interoperable by design. You can set up your Skype account, your Discord account, and your Slack account so that no matter where someone sends you a message, you see them in your Matrix client, and you can respond to any of them from one place. Matrix refers to this functionality as bridging.

      • The QUIC API OpenSSL Will Not Provide

        In a world that is now gradually adopting HTTP/3 (which, as you know, is implemented over QUIC), the problem with the missing API for QUIC is still a key problem.

        There are a number of existing QUIC library implementation now since a few years back, and they are slowly maturing. The QUIC protocol became RFC 9000 and friends, but the most popular TLS libraries still don’t provide the necessary APIs to make QUIC libraries possible to use them.

  • Leftovers

    • Science

      • Is Quantum Tech All Hype? [Ed: When I was teenager in university they told us this was likely the future. Where are we now? I'm almost 40 and it's reducible to hype and prototypes.]
      • Researchers Identify Interglobular Dentine in Cremated Human Teeth | Lab Manager

        The cremation process destroys a lot of information that can usually be obtained from the human skeleton. Especially diseases are difficult to observe. This has caused a paucity in our knowledge of the disease load in populations that practiced cremation as their main funerary ritual. Dr. Barbara Veselka and professor Christophe Snoeck, of the Brussels Bioarchaeology Lab and research groups MARI and AMGC for the first time have detected vitamin D deficiency in cremated human remains.

        Veselka said: “The results from our study represent a major step forward in the fields of biological anthropology, archaeology, and palaeopathology by opening up a variety of new possibilities for the study of health and activities related to sunlight exposure of numerous past populations that practiced cremation as their funerary ritual.” The study was published in the renowned academic journal Scientific Reports.

    • Education

    • Hardware

      • A Hackable Keyboard That Even Has Screens | Hackaday

        There are a huge number of available keyboards out in the world these days, catering to all of the plainest and the most advanced desires. However, if you want something that’s just right, sometimes it pays to build your own. [Zach] did just that.

        One of the key features of [Zach]’s build is that it diverges away from the Cherry MX switch form factor. The design uses low-profile switches instead, which help with keeping the keyboard low enough to avoid it causing wrist problems. The keyboard also uses IO expanders to hook up all the key switches, helping to reduce the incidence of ghost keys. The board can also be split in half, allowing it to be repurposed as a smaller macropad when desired.

      • One Laptop per Child can’t bridge the digital divide | MIT Technology Review

        In May 2020, two months after covid-19 shut down schools and public life around the world, Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey announced that he was giving $10 million to California’s Oakland Unified School District to purchase 25,000 Chromebooks. Dorsey tweeted that his donation was intended “to give EVERY single child in Oakland access to a laptop and internet in their homes.” The donation came just a day after Oakland mayor Libby Schaaf announced the #OaklandUndivided campaign to raise $12.5 million to “close the digital divide for good” in the city.

        Oakland’s school district, along with much of the world, certainly needed the help. Despite the city’s proximity to Silicon Valley’s centers of power and wealth, 71.2% of its children qualified for free or reduced-price school lunch the year the pandemic hit. Half did not have the computers and internet connections needed to enable a sudden switch to remote learning. These numbers reflect nationwide trends. Lower-income households are much less likely to have broadband; over one-quarter rely solely on their smartphone’s metered internet connection, and many share one dilapidated computer. In August 2020 a picture of two young girls sitting on a dirty sidewalk outside a Taco Bell in Salinas, 100 miles south of Oakland, using the restaurant’s public internet connection to attend class on their school-issued laptops, went viral as a potent symbol of how difficult the pivot to remote learning had been for many students and how wide the digital divide continued to be.

      • This Smart Watch Keeps An Eye On Ambient CO2 Levels | Hackaday

        Human respiration takes in oxygen and in turn, we exhale carbon dioxide. Thus, an uptick of carbon dioxide levels around us can indicate we’re in the presence of other humans, and also, perhaps, the pathogens they carry. To explore this phenomenon, [C Scott Ananian] developed a mod for the Watchy open-source smartwatch, which lets it detect carbon dioxide.

      • A Builders Guide For The Perfect Solid-State Tesla Coil | Hackaday

        [Zach Armstrong] presents for your viewing pleasure a simple guide to building a solid-state Tesla coil. The design is based around a self-resonant setup using the UCC2742x gate driver IC, which is used in a transformer-coupled full-wave configuration for delivering maximum power from the line input. The self-resonant bit is implemented by using a small antenna nearby the coil to pick up the EM field, and by suitably clamping and squaring it up, it is fed back into the gate driver to close the feedback loop. Such a setup within reason allows the circuit to oscillate with a wide range of Tesla coil designs, and track any small changes, minimizing the need for fiddly manual tuning that is the usual path you follow building these things.

        Since the primary is driven with IGBTs, bigger is better. If the coil is too small, the resonant frequency would surpass the recommended 400 kHz, which could damage the IGBTs since they can’t switch much faster with the relatively large currents needed. An important part of designing Tesla coil driver circuits is matching the primary coil to the driver. You could do worse than checkout JavaTC to help with the calculations, as this is an area of the design where mistakes often result in destructive failure. The secondary coil design is simpler, where a little experimentation is needed to get the appropriate degree of coil coupling. Too much coupling is unhelpful, as you’ll just get breakdown between the two sides. Too little coupling and efficiency is compromised. This is why you often see a Tesla coil with a sizeable gap between the primary and secondary coils. There is a science to this magic!

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Using Kerberos for Authentication Relay Attacks

        This blog post is a summary of some research I’ve been doing into relaying Kerberos authentication in Windows domain environments. To keep this blog shorter I am going to assume you have a working knowledge of Windows network authentication, and specifically Kerberos and NTLM. For a quick primer on Kerberos see this page which is part of Microsoft’s Kerberos extension documentation or you can always read RFC4120.

      • Proprietary

        • Inside the controversial US gunshot-detection firm

          But critics say that methodology has a fundamental flaw. If the police are unsure whether a gunshot has been fired, they are not going to tell the company it was wrong.

          In other words, say critics, the company has been counting “don’t knows”, ‘”maybes”, and “probablys” as “got it rights”.

          Chicago defence lawyer Brendan Max says the company’s accuracy claims are “marketing nonsense”.

        • Apple’s Most Back-Ordered New Product Is Not What You Expect

          The cloth, imprinted with the Apple logo in the corner, is made with “soft, nonabrasive material” to clean the screens of iPhones, iPads and MacBooks “safely and effectively,” according to the product page. The listing adds that the Polishing Cloth — capital P, capital C — is “compatible” with 88 different Apple products. For most U.S. shoppers, shipment is delayed until Jan. 11, at the earliest.

          Charging $19 for a piece of cloth about the size of two stacked dollar bills is bold even by Apple’s standards, a company whose legions of loyal customers are conditioned to stomach steep prices. An Apple-branded set of four wheels to “improve mobility” for the Mac Pro, the company’s most expensive desktop computer, is priced at $699, for instance.

        • CrowdStrike one of Russiagate’s ‘biggest culprits’: ex-House investigator
        • Pseudo-Open Source

          • Entrapment (Microsoft GitHub)

            • InetSoft’s 2021 BI Analytics Release Implements Kubernetes

              InetSoft Technology, a pioneer in data intelligence, analytics, and reporting, announced the general availability of its 2021 release of Style Intelligence. The focus of the release is on IT and BI administrators making the deployment and updating of InetSoft’s BI platform easier and less resource-intensive. The top advances in this area are the addition of support for clustering options using Docker containers and Kubernetes.

            • Elastic’s Shay Banon: Why we went beyond our search roots—and stood up to ‘bully’ AWS

              Elastic, the software company that offers a range of popular search, logging, security, observability, and analytics products, is either a gold-standard open source success story or an embodiment of the issues of commercial open source, depending on who you speak to.

            • Eclipse Foundation launches open source collaboration around software-defined vehicles [Ed: Looks like #Microsoft is now infiltrating Eclipse as well (“Ulrich Homann, corporate vice president and distinguished architect [sic] at Microsoft”)]

              Alongside the Eclipse Foundation are several top industry players that are joining the foundation’s open source collaborative effort including Microsoft, Red Hat, Bosch, and others.

        • Security

          • [Repeat] [Older] Four zero-day exploits add urgency to October’s Patch Tuesday [Ed: This headline from IDG does not even mention Microsoft as if computer = Windows and it’s all implied (but Windows is just 30% of today’s OS market)]

            October brings four zero-day exploits and 74 updates to the Windows ecosystem, including a hard-to-test kernel update (CVE-2021-40449) that requires immediate attention and an Exchange Server update that requires technical skill and due diligence (and a reboot). The testing profile for the October Patch Tuesday covers Windows error handling, AppX, Hyper-V and Microsoft Word. We recommend a Patch Now schedule for Windows and then staging the remaining patch groups according to your normal release pattern.

            You can find more information on the risk of deploying these Patch Tuesday updates in this infographic.

          • How to choose the best operating system for gaming [Ed: Still many falsehoods in this article.]

            Linux and its derivative software like Ubuntu or Debian will have the least number of viruses.

          • SolarWinds Hackers’ New Attack Is ‘Another Wake-Up Call’ For Microsoft Partners [Ed: Well overdue karma day for many businesses that chose Microsoft and now pay through the nose]

            The latest SolarWinds hackers’ cybersecurity attack on 140 Microsoft IT resellers and service providers with as many as 14 successfully breached is yet another wake-up call for the beleaguered Microsoft partner community, said partners.

          • Russian Hackers Behind SolarWinds Attack Are Targeting The Supply Chain, Microsoft Says [Ed: Microsoft is once again leveraging xenophobia and racism, hoping to deflect blame (for its own shoddy products) to nation states, even if the evidence is lacking]
          • Chinese Pwn2Own sees fully patched iPhone 13, Chrome and Exchange server cracked

            Microsoft could not gloat, as the company saw 5 successful exploits of Windows 10 and one for Exchange, while Google saw two exploits for Chrome.

          • Privacy/Surveillance

            • MEPs poised to vote blank cheque for Europol using AI tools

              This week, MEPs recognised the dangers of certain uses of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in criminal justice. A strong majority rallied around the landmark AI in criminal matters report by the European Parliament’s Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) committee, which opposes AI that ‘predicts’ criminal behaviour and calls for a ban on biometric surveillance.

              And yet when it comes to Europol – the European Agency for police cooperation, we are facing an astounding silence from the majority in the same LIBE committee. As things stand, the parliament looks set to vote on a proposal by the European Commission on Thursday (21 October) to further extend Europol’s ever-increasing powers (the latest round was only in 2019).

              Effectively, this would give Europol a blank cheque to use or further develop high risk artificial intelligence and data analytics tools.

              This appears to be in complete contradiction to the committee’s own position on the use of AI in criminal matters.

            • [Old] Zero-day broker exploits vulnerability in I2P to de-anonymize Tails users

              The zero-day is in the Invisible Internet Project, or I2P, networking component that comes bundled with Tails to encrypt web traffic and hide a user’s real IP address. The 30,000 I2P users who previously felt anonymous could be unmasked, their true IP address revealed, by visiting a booby-trapped website.

            • [Old] Flaws could expose users of privacy-protecting software, researchers say

              The most recent finding concerns a complex, heavily encrypted networking program called the Invisible Internet Project, or I2P. Used to send messages and run websites anonymously, I2P ships along with the specialized operating system “Tails,” which former U.S. spy contractor Snowden used to communicate with journalists in secret.

            • SC orders independent probe into Pegasus, says Govt can’t get free pass every time ‘national security’ is raised

              The inquiry will be conducted by a three-member technical committee constituted by the court and its functioning will be overseen by Justice R V Raveendran, a retired judge of the Supreme Court, who will be assisted by two other experts.

              The committee has been asked to conduct the inquiry and submit its report to the Supreme Court “expeditiously”. The matter will be heard again after eight weeks.

            • Defying Whistleblowers, Zuckerberg Blames ‘Coordinated’ Attack On Facebook

              In the face of recent whistleblower revelations about Facebook’s inaction towards hate speech and misinformation, Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg has acknowledged the startling series of whistleblower allegations.

              During Facebook’s Q3 earnings call on Monday, Zuckerberg claimed that the recent leaks surrounding Facebook were part of a “coordinated effort to selectively use leaked documents to paint a false picture” of Facebook and its subsidiaries.

            • Anonymity No More? Age Checks Come to the Web. – The New York Times

              Richard Errington clicked to stream a science-fiction film from his home in Britain last month when YouTube carded him.

              The site said Mr. Errington, who is over 50, needed to prove he was old enough to watch “Space Is the Place,” a 1974 movie starring the jazz musician Sun Ra. He had three options: Enter his credit card information, upload a photo identification like a passport or skip the video.

            • Asensei and Virus International Team Up to Produce ‘Smart (App)arel
    • Defence/Aggression

      • Are We Ready for the Next Trump-Led Coup?

        As an eyewitness, I can recall the events of January 6 in Washington as if they were yesterday. The crowds of angry loyalists storming the building while overwhelmed security guards gave way. The slavishly loyal vice-president who would, the president hoped, restore him to power. The crush of media that seemed confused, almost overwhelmed, by the crowd’s fury. The waiter who announced that the bar had run out of drinks and would soon be closing…

      • Opinion | Did the Tree of Life Shooting Change America?

        Three years after it took place, the massacre at the Tree of Life synagogue in Squirrel Hill manages to feel like both ancient history and a still-burning flesh wound.

    • Transparency/Investigative Reporting

      • Disbarment Proceedings Show How A Maryland Prosecutor Covered Up An FBI Agent’s Lies For More Than Twenty Years

        A recent sanctions case against a Maryland prosecutor — one involving a murder case and the use of crime scene forensic “science” — highlights the real world effects of the FBI’s tendency to overstate the certainty of forensic findings in court. It also highlights another long-running problem in the justice system: the withholding of exculpatory evidence by prosecutors who seem willing to take any “win,” whether it’s earned or not. (h/t Steve Klepper)

    • Environment

    • Finance

      • Hawkins on Build Back Better: We Need an Ecosocialist Green New Deal, Not Another Biden Capitulation

        The Build Back Better Framework released this morning by President Biden is a total capitulation to conservative Democratic Senators Manchin and Sinema.

        The $6.1 trillion program Biden announced in his American Jobs and American Families plan has been cut to less than a third of what he proposed. Proposals that are overwhelmingly popular with the public like repealing the Trump tax cuts, paid leave, and Medicare negotiating lower drug prices with Big Pharma have been eliminated. What remains are social programs with lower benefits, privatized administration, and means testing that complicates administration and adds administrative costs. The climate spending that remains makes no mandates for greenhouse gas emission reductions and are mostly corporate welfare subsidies for the big fossil fuel and manufacturing corporations that dominate the solar and wind markets. These subsidies will continue the pattern of the past decade where renewables have only added to total energy production while fossil fuel energy has increased.

      • Hang Seng Tech Index Still Struggles a Year After Xi’s Crackdown
    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • Keeping Fighting Like Hell: Nina Turner on What Bernie Sanders and Progressives Should Do Next

        Staunch progressive Nina Turner has some dire warnings about the current political moment coupled with applause for what her allies both in and outside of Congress have been able to accomplish since they helped elect President Joe Biden last year.

        But first, a little context.

      • Chris Hedges: The Most Important Battle for Press Freedom in Our Time

        For the past two days, I have been watching the extradition hearing for Julian Assange via video link from London. The United States is appealing a lower court ruling that denied the US request to extradite Assange not, unfortunately, because in the eyes of the court he is innocent of a crime, but because, as Judge Vanessa Baraitser in January concluded, Assange’s precarious psychological state would deteriorate given the “harsh conditions” of the inhumane US prison system, “causing him to commit suicide.” The United States has charged Assange with 17 counts under the Espionage Act and one count of trying to hack into a government computer, charges that could see him imprisoned for 175 years.

      • Remembering Omid: Brisbane Court Set To Hand Down Inquest Findings Into ‘Survivable’ Self-Immolation

        The findings into the inquest of Iranian refugee Omid Masoumali, who died on Nauru in 2016, will be handed down in Brisbane tomorrow. Witnesses to the self-immolation of Omid included UNHCR staff, children, nurses and other detainees. Asylum seeker advocate Jane Salmon reflects on the journey that got us here, and diminished us all.

      • Release: California Greens Endorse a “Left Unity Slate” with the Peace and Freedom Party for 2022 Elections

        A historic decision, this united strategy was based on the many shared values between the Green and the Peace and Freedom political parties. Among these values are guaranteed access to healthcare, also known as expanded and improved Medicare For All, truly affordable housing, union-wage jobs, public ownership of energy, ending wars for profit, and a comprehensive climate plan, including a just transition to 100 percent renewables.

      • Green Party Calls Dems’ Surrender to Fossil Fuel Lobby a Global Disaster

        The Greens also criticized the Democrats for scaling back investments in social and economic programs needed to help Americans recover from the COVID-19 pandemic and for failing to address income inequality and immigration reform. The Green Party said the Republicans’ position is even worse, as they continue to deny the reality of climate change and block funding on climate action or social improvements.

        “The United Nations and the IPCC have repeatedly sounded the alarm that time is rapidly running out for the radical action needed to prevent climate collapse. But President Biden and Senate Majority Leader Schumer are more interested in coddling Senator Manchin and his donations from and investments in fossil fuels than they are in providing the chance of a decent future for Americans,” said 2021 Green Party candidate Kearni Warren, who is running for the City Council of Chester, PA. Since Manchin has been in the Senate, he has made more than $5 million from his investments in coal.

        The Green Party, which began calling for a Green New Deal in 2010, has advocated for $2.7 trillion in annual funding in solutions for the climate crisis while eliminating the false climate solutions promoted by the Democrats such as carbon capture technology, biomass and nuclear. Even mainstream climate groups allied with the Democrats, like the Sierra Club, have cited the need for at least $1 trillion a year in climate funding.

      • Release: California Greens Endorse a “Left Unity Slate” with the Peace and Freedom Party for 2022 Elections | Howie Hawkins for our Future

        A historic decision, this united strategy was based on the many shared values between the Green and the Peace and Freedom political parties. Among these values are guaranteed access to healthcare, also known as expanded and improved Medicare For All, truly affordable housing, union-wage jobs, public ownership of energy, ending wars for profit, and a comprehensive climate plan, including a just transition to 100 percent renewables.

    • Misinformation/Disinformation

      • What Does Facebook Do to Filter Hate Speech and Misinformation?

        A series of documents leaked by former Facebook employee-turned-whistleblower Frances Haugen have revealed that the platform let hate speech and misinformation spread unchecked, despite being aware of it.

        The documents, which are being called ‘The Facebook Papers’, detail multiple notes and studies conducted in India since February 2019, including one with a test account to check Facebook’s recommendation algorithm and how it exposed users to hate speech and misinformation.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • Campaign for censorship of Facebook content intensifies following January 6 disclosures

        The diversionary nature of the accusations against Facebook—a social media platform with nearly 3 billion active users worldwide that is not responsible for monitoring the activity of the right wing—is exposed as soon as one asks the question: What were the Democrats and their media representatives doing before, during and after January 6? What warnings were they issuing to the public about the obvious plotting of a right-wing coup by the Trump White House and what have they done about it since?

        It is now more than nine months since the insurrection in Washington D.C. and, despite the publication of substantial detailed evidence about who was involved, the Democrats have not prosecuted a single leading official for their criminal actions. In reality, the campaign for government intervention and regulation of Facebook is part of the ongoing effort to cover up the full implications of the assault on democratic institutions in the US on January 6.

      • Trial date set for man charged with conspiracy to murder blogger

        The trial date for the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) versus Muhammad Gohir Khan has been set for Jan 11, 2022 with the trial expected to last two weeks.

        Gohir Khan, born on Feb 16, 1990, was charged on June 28 with one count of conspiracy to murder Goraya.

      • Editorial: Free speech requires separation of social media and state
    • Freedom of Information/Freedom of the Press

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • Cops Receive Stalkerware Training – Infosecurity Magazine
      • Trial of Rudy Giuliani Associate Exposes Methods and Networks of Secret Donors
      • Opinion | “On Liberty” – Judge Learned Hand’s Wisdom from 1944 More True Today

        When I was in Law School, among the most revered legal opinions were those by Judge Learned Hand of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. They were precisely reasoned, not verbose, and reflected a very cultivated sense of justice, in the judgment of my law school professors. We were, nonetheless, encouraged to critique them in class.

      • It’s Not Just the Missionaries — There Were 782 Kidnappings in Haiti This Year
      • Minneapolis Set to Vote on Dissolving Police Department
      • New Orleans shoeshine man wins legal battle over $30,000 seized by DEA agents

        The controversial practice allows the government to seize people’s property – even without filing criminal charges – if it is suspected of being linked to criminal activity.

        Supporters of civil forfeiture argue that it’s an essential law enforcement tool against drug traffickers, who are known to use cars and planes to ship large amounts of cash around the country. Critics say it’s routinely used against innocent people and disproportionately impacts people of color.

        Challenging a civil forfeiture can be a long and costly affair, leading many to walk away from items such as cash and cars.

        Warren won his case with the help of lawyers from the Virginia-based nonprofit Institute for Justice.

      • Electronic Frontier Foundation ousts co-founder John Gilmore from its board [Ed: EFF should be considered a potentially compromised (captuted) organisation]

        Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) co-founder John Gilmore has been removed from any active role on the digital rights organisation’s board but will continue to serve as emeritus member.

        “Since he helped found EFF 31 years ago, John Gilmore has provided leadership and guidance on many of the most important digital rights issues we advocate for today,” wrote EFF executive director Cindy Cohn.

        If your instincts tell you that’s the kind of prose that presages a “but”, your instincts were correct.

        “But in recent years, we have not seen eye-to-eye on how to best communicate and work together, and we have been unable to agree on a way forward with Gilmore in a governance role. That is why the EFF Board of Directors has recently made the difficult decision to vote to remove Gilmore from the Board.”

        The EFF announcement adds that the board is “deeply grateful for the many years Gilmore gave to EFF as a leader and advocate, and … has elected him to the role of Board Member Emeritus moving forward”.

        Cohn’s post doesn’t outline the nature or particulars of the dispute that led to Gilmore’s departure. The EFF appears not to publish board minutes, nor to have posted its constitution or charter to its site (but does advocate for transparency), making it hard to ascertain why Gilmore was removed or the powers that made it possible to do so.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • Have you heard? APNIC has a new podcast

        New episodes will be released fortnightly and feature many of your favourite APNIC Blog authors and others who’ve built and are improving the health of the Internet. And who better to kick off the show than APNIC’s Chief Scientist, Geoff Huston, who will be expanding on his recent post about Facebook’s October outage.

    • Digital Restrictions (DRM)

    • Monopolies

      • Opinion | Our Kids Deserve Better: It’s Time to Regulate Facebook

        From the moment kids log onto Instagram for the first time, the app is collecting information about their interests, habits, and identity. Powerful online platforms gobble up this data and use it to pump toxic, attention-grabbing content to screens—with full knowledge of the vulnerabilities of children and teens. This pernicious Big Tech business model of targeting kids early, according to its own research, leads to depression, body-image issues, and even suicidal thoughts.

      • Utility model – the underestimated property right [Ed: It is not a properly and it is not a right either. This is pure nonsense and more like religion than law or science.]

        Some countries offer utility model protection in addition to patent protection. In practice, however, utility model protection plays only an insignificant role, or even no role in an application strategy. Even applicants who regularly file utility models and are familiar with its protection per se, typically consider utility model protection only when a small invention is involved.

      • Patents

        • Life sciences patent eligibility in Latin America: a guide [Ed: Promoting the mirage of “life sciences patents”]

          Patents are critical to the life sciences industry and often spark intense and heated debate. To be successful, one key strategy that should be pursued by life sciences companies is building and maintaining a patent portfolio capable of distinguishing itself from competitors, as well as representing a well-reasoned business strategy. Companies should secure their patent assets by maximising patent coverage of the core technology and its potential improvements. One reason is that patents can demonstrate the commercial potential of a company’s technology, they are also the driving force for major events in the lifecycle of a life sciences company, among them:

        • Netherlands [Ed: Recipe for total disaster]

          National Dutch and European patents are governed by the Dutch Patent Act 1995. The act and the courts have sought to harmonise Dutch patent practice with the European Patent Convention (EPC).

          Dutch national patents are automatically granted through a registration system, without undergoing substantive examination.

        • UK: HMRC Statistics Show An Increasing Use Of UK’s Patent Box, But Many Companies Are Missing Out [Ed: Patents as just a tool of tax evasion by corporations, promoted by convicted corrupt ‘law’ firm Marks & Clerk. Tax evasion as a service… some ‘law’ firm.]

          HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) has recently published annual statistics relating to the UK’s Patent Box tax relief scheme. The update covers the tax year from 2018 to 2019 and indicates that 1,405 companies claimed relief under the Patent Box, with the total value of relief claimed being £1,129 million. This shows an ever increasing value of relief claimed – the value of relief claimed has increased year on year from its introduction in tax year 2013 to 2014. However, it appears that the rate of increase has slowed. There is a time lag for reporting the statistics as companies must notify HMRC within two years after the end of the accounting period in which the relevant profits and income arise.

          One interesting point to note from the statistics is that, of the companies that claimed in tax year 2018 to 2019, 28% were classified as ‘Large’, but these companies accounted for most of the relief claimed (92%). Thus, although there may be a large number of SMEs claiming for tax relief, it appears that large companies are claiming for the vast majority of the tax relief by value.

        • Patent Patent Patent [Ed: Seems like totally worthless 'research' that boils down to just running a search on a database]

          For these numbers, I aggregated all opinions filed with each decision. The leading decision appears to be Aqua Products, Inc. v. Matal, 872 F.3d 1290 (Fed. Cir. 2017) with several hundred “patent” repeats across the four opinions in that en banc decision.

        • China: Overcoming The Problem Of Multiple Dependencies In China

          For the sake of cost and the broadest protection scope, European applicants generally file an application in which a multiple dependent claim depends on another multiple dependent claim, as allowed by the European Patent Office.

          However, when a PCT application based on a European application enters China or when an application claiming priority of a European application enters China through the Paris Convention, one of the primary formality issues that an applicant often encounters is claims being objected to as multi-dependent claims, in which multiple dependent claims refer back to multiple dependent claims.

        • Spanish Supreme Court clarifies the bar for sufficiency of disclosure

          A judgment of 7 July 2021 from the Spanish Supreme Court has been published, which, as discussed below, following the case law from the EPO’s Boards of Appeal, introduces certain guidelines for assessing whether or not an invention is sufficiently described.

          [...]

          The Court of Appeal sided with the defendant, which had questioned the sufficiency requirement on the grounds that claim 1 mentioned as a characterising element that the first coat of varnish be “low grammage” and that the following coat(s) of varnish have “higher grammages than the initial coat”. The defendant held that the precise grammage had to be specified, i.e. the grams of varnish per square meter of surface of the panel, the reference contained in the claim therefore being insufficient.

          Based on the evidence examined, the court of first instance concluded that the invention only worked, i.e. only reached the solution to the proposed technical problem, when the first coat had between 8 and 16 grams per square meter and the second between 100 and 150 grams and that problems arose if that range was exceeded.

          The complainant then filed an “extraordinary appeal for breach of process” (i.e breach of due process) and a “cassation appeal” (i.e. breach of law) before the Spanish Supreme Court. In the first appeal, it alleged that the Court of Appeal’s assessment of the evidence had been arbitrary. The Supreme Court dismissed this appeal, noting that, though in exceptional circumstances the Supreme Court may quash decisions when the assessment of the facts has been arbitrary, the assessment of sufficiency is a legal assessment (not a factual assessment) and, as such, must be challenged via a “cassation appeal”, which the complainant also did. It should be noted in passing that Spanish civil procedure law is extraordinarily formalistic. Consequently, choosing the wrong framing can result in the automatic dismissal of the appeal.

        • Creepy patent case involves two unethical businesses, 60 jobs lost over an invalid patent, the worst decision of a judicial career, and Quinn Emanuel Germany’s quality issues

          There’s no better day of the year for a story that’s truly creepy–and, actually, abhorrent. There was a patent case in Germany that reached its final resolution a few weeks ago, but only after creating a crisis that cost 60 people their jobs and made dozens of families suffer. That case brought out the very worst in some people. It’s hard to find anything to do with the case that doesn’t simply suck.

          After this unmitigated disaster, I believe the Federal Court of Justice of Germany needs to realize that it has a responsibility to be more receptive to those pesky petitions for enforcement stays, and the folks over at Quinn Emanuel Germany should ask themselves how they’re going to succeed again with brilliant fair play (like a decade ago), as I’ve seen them underperform and employ a couple of highly questionable tactics in recent years.

          The one who would stand the most to learn from this, however, is Dusseldorf-based Judge Thomas Kuehnen (“Kühnen” in German), and my recommendation to him is to seek early retirement now that his astonishing misjudgment, which has had such catastrophic consequences, has been put into evidence. He should also turn over the editorship of his book on German patent litigation to some other judge or a professor. His reputation is never going to recover from this. He will always be remembered as a job-killer judge and a “do as I write, not as I do” type of guy. This inexcusable legal error marks the bitter and embarrassing end of an era.

        • Enantiomer Patents: Non Obviousness In Secondary Pharmaceutical Patents

          ‘Stereochemistry’ is the study of spatial arrangements of atoms in a molecule. A molecule may be similar in chemical makeup to another molecule, however, the spatial arrangements of atoms in these may differ. Molecules so related are called as stereoisomers.

          Enantiomers exist as subsets of these stereoisomers, where, the spatial arrangement of the chemical molecules in these stereoisomers exist as mirror images of each other. For a better understanding, one can think of left right hand, which cannot be superimposed over one another.

        • Enlarged Board of Appeals of the European Patent Office strengthens the parties’ rights during oral proceedings [Ed: Total hogwash of deeply rigged panel/tribunal that needs to regain its independence]

          On October 28, 2021, the Enlarged Board of Appeals released the full text of the Decision G1/21 that concerns the admissibility of oral proceedings via video conference against the expressed will of the parties.

          The European Patent Office has, starting with the travel restrictions after the outbreak of the corona virus in Europe, initiated a pilot program to hold oral proceedings in examination and opposition proceedings as video conference. Moreover, the rules of procedure of the Board of Appeals were amended and allow to hold oral proceedings in Appeal proceedings via video conference at the discretion of the deciding Board of Appeal. Thus, the rights of the parties of the proceedings were restricted. Shortly after the implementation of the new rules, the legality of the new rules was questioned by a referral to the Enlarged Board of Appeals, the highest instance at the European Patent Office.

        • Ericsson chases AASI against Apple in the Netherlands – JUVE Patent

          On 4 October 2021, the Dutch court granted an ex-parte AASI against Apple for five days. This was to protect any potential legal proceedings Ericsson initiated against Apple in the Netherlands. Then an inter-parte oral hearing followed on 8 October 2021, in which Apple rebutted the previously-granted ASI.

          Here, the preliminary relief judge decided not to maintain the provisional AASI measure until the main proceedings later in November. During the oral hearing, Apple stated that it had never before requested an ASI and has no intention of doing so in the current dispute. As such, presiding judge Brinkman lifted the AASI, judging there to be no threat by Apple against Ericsson to justify an AASI for the remainder of the preliminary relief proceedings.

          An oral hearing in main proceedings will take place in the middle of November, meaning a chance remains that the judge could indeed grant Ericsson’s requested AASI. While Germany was previously in the limelight for its ASI activity, eyes are now on the Dutch courts in case of future moves by Apple.

          Currently litigation between the parties is ongoing in the US. JUVE Patent is unaware of parallel proceedings in other European countries.

        • Users discuss finalising EPC and PCT-EPO Guidelines for March 2022 [Ed: EPO violates the EPC every single day, yet it finds the audacity to issue this bundle of face-saving lies]

          The SACEPO Working Party on Guidelines (SACEPO/WPG) met on 28 October to discuss the latest draft EPC and PCT-EPO Guidelines, which will come into effect in March 2022, with a preview version available as from February.

          During the constructive dialogue consensus was found on many different aspects of the procedures before the EPO, including changes relating to inventions on artificial intelligence – a topic the Office would like to expand upon in the Guidelines for 2023. All participants were very satisfied with the outcome of the discussions.

        • Issuing of EPO badges for professional representatives [Ed: EPO still needs to explain why it fraudulently grants ‘badges’ to criminals]

          In keeping with the latest remote-working culture, the Office has now enabled the production of EPO badges for professional representatives by pre-arranged video call. During the call the professional representative will need to show their passport or national ID card. The badge will then be produced and sent by mail to them. The EPO badge enables professional representatives to identify themselves in oral proceedings and consultations (by videoconference or on site) and to access EPO premises, e.g. rooms for oral proceedings, as well as the canteens and coffee bars.

        • Germany revises Patent Act and clears way for UPC [Ed: This headline is misleading, but Team UPC is in “fake news” mode at the moment]

          Despite the pandemic bringing the world to a standstill in 2020-2021, Germany has worked hard at both the legislative and judicial level to continue protecting IP rights. The past 18 months has seen the first legislative reform to its patent law in more than a decade, and the plentiful rulings of the Federal Supreme Court have provided clarity, not only in areas of patent law, but also in supplementary protection certificates and FRAND licensing.

        • EUIPO Africa helpdesk goes some way to easing IP fears [Ed: Deeply corrupt EUIPO uses race issues to distract from the harm it does, helped by compromised media]

          An IP helpdesk for businesses operating in African countries is a welcome development, but on-the-ground legal changes are also preferable, say sources

        • ‘Opportunity for Balance’ Seen With Biden’s Patent Office Pick [Ed: When patent maximalists like Bultman like a candidate for USPTO leadership, then it means the person is a pick of the litigation industry; in this case, the person literally comes from it. Biden is just another "lesser Trump".]

          Winston & Strawn attorney Kathi Vidal would bring experience as a litigator who has represented both sides in patent disputes to the helm of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

        • Supreme Court patent term decision [Ed: Brazil belatedly investigating the absurdity of contemporary patent law, which is tilted in favour of litigation profiteers instead of science]

          The Supreme Court has decided on a patent case for the first time this century. The Supreme Court constitutional challenge (ADI 5529) filed against the patent term adjustment has brought unfortunate news for patent owners. The patent term adjustment provision was considered unconstitutional and was subsequently revoked by the Brazilian Congress from the patent law (Law #14,195/2021). The court also urged Congress to enact a new patent term adjustment with more specific criteria.

          [...]

          There is no doubt that the decision on ADI 5529 is a backlash against the Brazilian patent system – it heightens insecurity, leaves questions unanswered and fails to bring solutions for INPI’s backlog and pendency. Although the Supreme Court’s decision was a blow to the legal certainty of patent owners and applicants in Brazil, there is still hope for the Brazilian patent system.

          First, a new set of patent term adjustment rules may be voted for by the legislative branch. The Supreme Court decision does not limit the possibility of proposing bills on the subject. Congress will observe that one of the main points of discussion by the justices was that the unconstitutional provision was applied automatically. Different mechanisms may be considered by the legislators to fill the gap created by the Supreme Court and recover the protection for patent applications that suffer from INPI’s pendency.

          Second, INPI’s examination backlog is continually decreasing, as a plan has been adopted to solve it using foreign research reports in Brazilian examination. INPI still has serious structural problems, which will be resolved only with further investment and good governance. While this continues not to be the case, applicants must rethink their patent prosecution strategies to identify every opportunity to expedite their Brazilian patent applications.

          Patent prosecution highway programmes and administrative fast-track options are already in place and should be considered as a main tool to avoid INPI’s inefficiency. Applicants should also consider the judicial fast-track, through which the applicant seeks a judicial order to compel INPI to start examination of one or more patent applications immediately. This option is well accepted by the courts, which consider the pendency time unreasonable and frequently order INPI begin examination within 60 days.

          Also, the recent publication of Law #14,195/2021 (August 27, 2021) revoked Article 229-C from the Brazilian Patent Statute. The Article established Brazilian’s FDA (ANVISA) prior approval as a step in the patent prosecution administrative procedure, which caused many delays in patent applications. The revocation can potentially benefit pending applications, reducing pendency times in the procedure – and, consequently, help to improve INPI’s backlog.

        • Small Pharma Receives European Patent Of Ketamine-Based Compounds For Treatment of Depressive Disorders
        • European Patent Grant Strengthens Small Pharma’s Ketamine-Based Patent Portfolio for the Treatment of Depressive Disorders [Ed: They don’t seem to understand that they waste their money on low-quality patents from the EPO]

          Small Pharma Inc. (TSXV: DMT) (OTCQB: DMTTF) (the “Company” or “Small Pharma”), a neuropharmaceutical company focused on psychedelic-assisted therapies, today announced that it has received European patent grant number EP 3 463 323 as acceptance for its European patent application No. 17 728640.8. The patent grants certain protections for oral dosage forms of a range of 2R,6R-hydroxynorketamine (“6-HNK”) based compounds, including the Company’s preclinical candidate SPL801B, for the treatment of depressive disorders.

        • Fed. Cir. Rejects New IPR Constitutional Challenges [Ed: CAFC is still doing a good job telling patent extremists to sod off and stop bothering those who reassess fake patents]

          In Mobility Workx, LLC v. Unified Patents, LLC, the Federal Circuit in a split decision concluded that Mobility Workx, LLC’s constitutional challenges to structure and funding of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (“PTAB”) are without merit, but remanded the case to the Acting Director to determine whether to grant rehearing in view of the decision in United States v. Arthrex, Inc., 141 S. Ct. 1970 (U.S. 2021).

          After Mobility sued T-Mobile and Verizon Wireless in the Eastern District of Texas alleging infringement of U.S. Patent No. 8,213,417 (the “’417 patent”), Unified Patents filed a petition for inter partes review (“IPR”) alleging that claims 1-7 of the ’417 patent are obvious in view of certain prior art references. The PTAB issued a final written decision finding that claims 1, 2, 4, 5 and 7 of the ’417 were unpatentable as obvious, while claims 3 and 6 of the patent were not shown to be unpatentable. Mobility appealed the PTAB’s decision and on appeal raised for the first time constitutional challenges to the structure and funding of the PTAB . The Federal Circuit stated that it had authority to hear constitutional challenges because, based upon precedent, “agencies generally do not have authority to declare a statute unconstitutional” and the Federal Circuit has “discretion to consider new arguments for the first time on appeal.”

        • AIPLA 2021: Circuit judge and counsel share career advice [Ed: Why would an objective judge wish to associate with these patent extremists who look for nothing but monetary gain (instead of law)? Of course the patent extremists want us to think that 99% of the population that isn't patent profiteers is the "Extreme" and the greedy coup plotters are "Reasonable" and "Moderate" people who "protect innovation" (just because they say so).]

          Intellectual property specialists who want to develop fulfilling and high-flying careers should seize opportunities, not let detractors get them down, and “be nice to everyone” according to a circuit judge and private practice and in-house legal professionals.

          Speaking on the plenary panel at the AIPLA 2021 Annual Meeting yesterday, October 28, Kara Stoll at the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, Angela Sebor at Tolmar, Andrea Evans at Evans IP Law and Robert Stoll at Faegre Drinker delved into how they got to where they are in their careers.

        • AIPLA 2021: Google v Oracle was ‘analogy fight’ that changed little [Ed: An event that is merely a closed-minded think tank of litigation fanatics, dressed up as an open forum]

          Panellists, including the litigators representing Google and Oracle, set out their views on the Supreme Court case

        • AIPPI Panel Session 10: Anti-suit & anti-anti-suit injunctions [Ed: It looks like Bristows liars still dominate this blog with their UPC and litigation propaganda; Brian Cordery (Bristows) is still active and likely chooses to remain anonymous when he spreads UPC fake news]

          This short post reports on one of the Panel Sessions at this year’s AIPPI Congress which took place virtually for the second year in a row.

          The tenth panel session of the AIPPI Online World Congress 2021 addressed global FRAND determinations by national courts and out-of-jurisdiction judgments in the form of anti-suit and anti-anti-suit injunctions. The panel was chaired by Peter Damerell (Powell Gilbert), who was joined by Clemens-August Heusch (Head of Global Litigation and Disputes, Nokia) and Kevin Duan (Han Kun Law Offices). The panel started off by discussing the UK Supreme Court judgment in Unwired Planet v Huawei[1], noting that this decision is generally held responsible for the direction that national courts are taking in determining global FRAND terms. It was inevitable that other courts would follow suit and this is being seen in the Chinese courts in particular. In turn, these decisions have been a catalyst for anti-suit and anti-anti-suit injunctions over the past couple of years.

        • Acer Therapeutics and Relief Therapeutics Announce Issuance of U.S. Patent 11,154,521 Covering ACER-001 Formulation [Ed: Seems like USPTO continues to issue very low quality patents in very large volumes just to collect fees, irrespective of the impact on the population]
        • Patent Law at the Supreme Court October 2021 [Ed: Patent maximalists hopeful that Trump appointees in SCOTUS can make litigation fanatics "great again"]

          The Supreme Court has not granted a writ of certiorari in any patent cases this term, and has now denied certiorari in two dozen. Still, there are a number of important cases pending that could be transformative if granted.

        • Bayer Says Xarelto Gets Partial Extension of European Patent [Ed: EPO for endless monopolies instead of helping patients, choosing corporate patents instead]

          Bayer AG said its blood-thinner Xarelto will be partly patent-protected through January 2026, citing a ruling from the European patent office.

        • EPO publishes final reasoning in G 1/21 video conferencing case [Ed: Mouthpiece of EPO dictators and Team UPC, Amy Sandys, does a hogwash about EPO corruption in G 1/21]

          Today, in G 1/21 the Enlarged Board of Appeal has determined that compulsory video conferencing is compatible with Article 116 of the European Patent Convention. However, according to the decision, “the Enlarged Board has limited the scope of its answer in the present referral to a period of general emergency.” As such, it has reframed the questioning to cover an emergency situation and as regard to the EBA.

          The board deduced that Article 116 EPC does not explicitly refer only to in-person hearings in a courtroom. As such, according to an EPO press release, “The Enlarged Board of Appeal held that oral proceedings in the form of a videoconference are oral proceedings within the meaning of Article 116 EPC and are normally sufficient to comply with the principles of fairness of proceedings and the right to be heard under Article 113(1) EPC.”

        • Bayer wins EU patent extension for best-selling Xarelto drug

          Bayer (BAYGn.DE) on Friday said the European Patent Office had maintained the company’s patent for its best-selling stroke prevention pill Xarelto (rivaroxaban), extending the patent’s expiry date by almost two years.

          Bayer said several drugmakers had opposed the drug’s patent but the EU authority extended Bayer’s intellectual property rights until January 2026.

        • Bayer wins EU patent extension for best-selling Xarelto drug [Ed: EPO is not EU, so Reuters isn’t getting the very basics right; what can we expect from its Monsanto/Bayer reporting? Same here]

          Bayer on Friday said the European Patent Office had maintained the company’s patent for its best-selling stroke prevention pill Xarelto (rivaroxaban), extending the patent’s expiry date by almost two years.

        • Patent prosecution in Russia [Ed: There's no such thing as "IP" and those 'things' aren't rights, either]

          IP rights, among other fundamental human rights, are introduced by the Russian Constitution and further detailed in Part IV of the Civil Code as the main civil rights legislation source (revised August 2021). At an international level, Russia is a party to most agreements and treaties on IP matters, including the Paris Convention, the Patent Cooperation Treaty, the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights and the Eurasian Patent Convention (EAPC), among others. Examination and grant of industrial property rights are conducted by Rospatent, which functions as the Russian patent and trademark office and, in general, does not differ substantially from other main patent offices.

          A granted patent for an invention certifies exclusive rights for the invention throughout Russian territory, thereby giving the patentee a right to authorise any commercial use of the patented invention during the whole patent validity term (ie, 20 years from the filing date). However, for patents relating to pharmaceuticals, pesticides or agrichemical inventions, the use of which requires special approval, this term is extendable for a maximum of five years.

        • The revenue of Oriental Yuhong in the first three quarters increased by 51.44% compared to last year

          This year, they have also obtained the European invention patent authorization certificate issued by the European Patent Office (EPO), and with their sub-company Caparol officially joining the German brand design committee, all of their ceramic tile adhesives obtaining the highest environmental protection certification of EC1plus in Germany.

        • Lipidor submits new patent application and expands collaboration with Cannassure using Lipidor’s AKVANO® technology for medicinal cannabis products [Ed: Doing a whole press release about merely submitting a patent to a corrupt, failing patent office taken over by litigation fanatics instead of scientists]

          Lipidor AB (publ) (Nasdaq First North Growth Market: LIPI) today announced that the collaboration agreement with Cannassure Therapeutics has expanded to include a new patent family covering new innovative AKVANO® topical compositions. Lipidor submitted the new patent application to the European Patent Office on 25 October 2021.

        • Surprise success for Bayer blockbuster Xarelto at EPO [Ed: Instead of writing reports, nowadays JUVE does ads for patent litigation firms, disguised as news articles (this is their business model)]

          On the evening of the second day of the trial, in a surprise move the EPO Boards of Appeal have reinstated the dosing patent for Bayer’s thrombosis blockbuster drug, Xarelto. Until shortly before the decision in the evening, it was still unclear which way the trial would go.

          This surprise decision is a major economic success for the German pharmaceutical company. The high-selling and high-value drug will have market exclusivity for another year and a half.

        • Software Patents

          • Japan

            Yes, the non-patentable invention exemption to patent eligibility under Japanese law is similar to that found in most other countries. In the emerging technologies space (eg, AI and machine learning), business rules, mathematical expressions and coding for computer programs are excluded from patentable inventions. The list of exclusions is very similar to that of other patent offices (eg, the EPO (Article 53(2) and (3) of the European Patent Convention) and the USPTO (judicial exception)).

          • EPO Opposition filed against InterDigital patent [Ed: Corrupt EPO illegally granting software patents and then we need to spend money to clean up this corrupt mess]

            On October 26, 2021, Unified filed an opposition proceeding against EP 1869893 B1, currently owned by InterDigital. The EP ’893 patent is part of a family purportedly essential to HEVC and part of the Access Advance patent pool. This filing is a part of Unified’s ongoing efforts in its SEP Video Codec Zone.

      • Copyrights

        • [Guest Post] The wisdom of Dune and copyright litigation – The IPKat

          The author was recently reminded of the opening lines of Frank Herbert’s sci-fi epic Dune: “A beginning is the time for taking the most delicate care that the balances are correct.” This Dune tells us, every member of the secretive Bene Gesserit sisterhood knows. The author argues that copyright holders would do well to heed this wisdom before entering into litigation, as exemplified by a recent decision from the Swedish Patent and Market Court in case PMT 2401-21.

          Modern copyright jurisprudence offers protection, not only to classical types of literary and artistic works such as books and movies (as an illustrious example, Denis Villeneuve’s new Dune adaption, in cinemas everywhere), but also to less inherently artistic and perhaps more mundane expressions of human creativity. As for the “amount” of expression needed to enjoy protection, famously as little as eleven consecutive words can in principle enjoy copyright protection as a protectable part of a work, as set out by the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) in Infopaq, (C-5/08), recognized as the most consequential European copyright decision of the last decade by this blog [Katpost here].

          But sometimes even this arguably generous interpretation of what may constitute a work, or a protectable part thereof, may be pushed beyond its limits, as seen in for example Levola Hengelo, (C-310/17) when testing the legally creative notion that copyright could vest in the taste of cheese. These kinds of efforts to push the boundaries of what constitutes a work are on the one hand important, as they enable copyright to develop organically and with the times. On the other hand, these cases can sometimes end up looking more like lawsuits tilting at windmills, with little chance of success.

          The case at hand concerned a Swedish supplier of a roof snow guard system, suing a Norwegian competitor. Not exactly the typical setup for an international copyright fracas even though it obviously snows a lot in the Nordics and city-dwellers are loathe to have to look up from their phones to avoid being hit in the head.

        • Joining forces to help end the global book famine: China ratifies the Marrakesh Treaty

          On 23 October 2021, the standing committee of the National People’s Congress, China’s top legislature, ratified the Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired, or Otherwise Print Disabled (hereinafter referred to as “the Marrakesh Treaty”). China signed this treaty as one of the initial signatory countries on 28 June 2013, at Marrakesh, Morocco.

          The Marrakesh Treaty is one of the WIPO’s administered international copyright treaties. Adopted on 27 June 2013 and entered into force on 30 September 2016, it features ‘a clear humanitarian and social development dimension’ dedicated to protecting the right to read for the blind, visually impaired and otherwise print disabled people (VIPs).

          As noted by the World Blind Union, the worldwide book famine for VIPs is severe, as they are unable to read over 90 per cent of all published materials. Materials need to be reproduced into accessible formats, such as braille, large print and audio editions which require exceptions to be added into current copyright rules. The Marrakesh Treaty seeks to ‘make the production and international transfer of specially adapted books for people with blindness or visual impairments easier’. This has been done by creating ‘a set of limitations and exceptions to traditional copyright law’. As of today, 83 contracting parties (109 countries) around the world have ratified or acceded to the Marrakesh Treaty.

          [...]

          This Kat is quite interested in the further discussions on the ‘authorised entity’. Article 2(c) of the Marrakesh Treaty defines the authorised entity as ‘an entity that is authorised or recognised by the government to provide education, instructional training, adaptive reading or information access to beneficiary persons on a non-profit basis. It also includes a government institution or non-profit organisation that provides the same services to beneficiary persons as one of its primary activities or institutional obligations’. China has only one National Braille Press. Considering the inflated cost of producing braille publications and the great benefit of enriching the variety of works, could granting market access to more non-profit entities help the beneficiary persons of the treaty? Then, how should the regulations be implemented? And how to balance the interests of multiple parties? The list of inquiries grows.

          Implementing the detailed Marrakesh Treaty into the domestic legal governance framework will require compatible changes in many aspects. This will involve the CLC and its Regulation on the Implementation and a more comprehensive range of corresponding codes and regulations. The process has begun—Looking forward to seeing effective and timely access to the perceivable works and welfare to the persons in need.

        • Predatory publishers’ latest scam: bootlegged and rebranded papers
        • AI and IP: UK IPO Consultation on copyright and patents [Ed: Tim Moss from UKIPO prefers buzzwords, not substance]

          Readers may remember from the IPKat in conversation with Tim Moss, CEO of the UK Intellectual Property Office (IPO) that the IPO is continuing their consideration of artificial intelligence (AI) and intellectual property, which launched last year with a call for views and Government Response on AI and IP.

          [...]

          Artificial intelligence (AI) is a transformative technology and is already revolutionising many areas of our lives. It can be a powerful tool for scientists, entrepreneurs, and artists, enabling new inventions and creations. 

          The Government wants the UK to be at the forefront of this revolution, to encourage innovation in AI technology and promote its use for the public good. At the same time, we want to preserve the central role of intellectual property (IP) in promoting human creativity and innovation. 

          The Government has previously sought views on the interaction of AI and IP and the impact of AI on the IP framework. Questions were raised about the balance in the copyright system between the protection of human works and AI works, and the use of copyright material in machine learning. For patents, issues were identified that could stifle innovation as the use of AI systems increases.  

        • UK IPO joins WIPO for Creators [Ed: WIPO is working for monopolies and robber barons/corporations in pursuit of protectionism, but it is looking to invert the narrative]

          WIPO for Creators is an open public–private partnership launched by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and the Sweden-based Music Rights Awareness Foundation. WIPO for Creators aims to raise awareness and increase knowledge of creators’ rights and related management practices, ensuring recognition and fair reward for all creators regardless of their geographical, cultural or economic conditions. Its first step is to launch a rights awareness platform with the aim of supporting creators worldwide across many different creative fields.

        • PopAds Accuses MPA of Spreading False and Misleading Piracy Accusations

          Advertising company Popads has hit back at the MPA after the Hollywood-backed group nominated the business as a “notorious market” that facilitates piracy. Several claims are false or misleading, PopAds counters, while summing up a long list of anti-piracy reporting options which appear to be largely ignored.

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