Bonum Certa Men Certa

Links 6/10/2021: Ubuntu Frame and Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.5 Beta



  • GNU/Linux

    • TUXEDO announce the new InfinityBook Pro 14 with RTX 3050 Ti and Tiger Lake H35
      TUXEDO have refreshed their InfinityBook Pro 14 model with some impressive new internals that makes for a good all-round laptop if you can afford it. They said it's "way more" than just a refresh and that the previous models of InfinityBook Pro 14 had "quickly become one of the most popular TUXEDO laptops after its launch on 20th of May 2021".

      What to expect from it? Quite a lot in a little package.

      You can still order the original models which are in stock right now with either the Core i5-1135G7 or Core i7-1165G7 but the new stuff with the Intel Core i5-11300H and Core i7-11370H arrives in on October 20 but pre-orders can be placed right now.

    • TUXEDO InfinityBook Pro 14 Linux Laptop Updated with NVIDIA RTX 3050 Ti Graphics

      Launched earlier this year in May, the 6th generation TUXEDO InfinityBook Pro 14 laptop is TUXEDO Computers’ first-ever device to feature a 16:10 Omnia display with a 2880×1800 pixels (3K) resolution.

      Powered by 11th generation “Tiger Lake” Intel Core i7-1165G7 and i7-11370H processors with 4 cores, 8 threads and up to 4.8 GHz clock speeds, the Linux laptop shipped only with integrated Iris Xe Graphics, but now users can buy the device with an NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3050 Ti GPU too.

    • Kernel Space

      • Linux 5.10.71
        I'm announcing the release of the 5.10.71 kernel.
        
        

        All users of the 5.10 kernel series must upgrade.

        The updated 5.10.y git tree can be found at: git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux-stable.git linux-5.10.y and can be browsed at the normal kernel.org git web browser: https://git.kernel.org/?p=linux/kernel/git/stable/linux-s...

        thanks,

        greg k-h
      • Linux 5.4.151
      • Linux 4.19.209
      • Linux 4.14.249
      • Linux 4.9.285
      • Linux 4.4.286
      • [PATCH 5.14 000/172] 5.14.10-rc3 review
      • Graphics Stack

        • Radeon Software 21.30 PRO vs. Mesa 21.3-devel + Linux 5.15 Gaming Performance

          For those wondering how AMD's latest-generation Radeon RX 6000 series is competing now between the Linux driver options of AMD's official Radeon Software for Linux 21.30 "PRO" driver stack and the latest upstream, fully open-source driver components from Mesa and the mainline Linux kernel, here is a fresh comparison.

          Radeon Software for Linux 21.30 remains the latest public release of AMD's packaged Linux driver with the benchmarking for this article being of their "PRO" driver stack option that includes their proprietary Vulkan and OpenGL driver components. On the pure upstream open-source side the tests were carried out using Mesa 21.3-devel Git as of testing time paired with the Linux 5.15 Git kernel for showing what the current potential is on the open-source OpenGL RadeonSI and Vulkan RADV drivers.

    • Applications

      • Fwupd 1.7 Adds Support for Logitech Devices with the Unified Battery Feature, More

        Fwupd 1.7 adds support for Logitech devices supporting the Unified Battery feature, implements an interactive request to restart some Logitech DFU devices, adds support for more Coreboot-powered StarBook laptops and PixArt devices, and introduces support for installing the LVFS (Linux Vendor Firmware Service) remote.

        This release also comes with FuCfuPayload and FuCfuOffer for future usage, support for an ‘unreachable’ device flag, the ability to create Redfish user accounts automatically using IPMI, support adding GUIDs to each HSI security attribute, as well as the ability to convert security attributes to JSON and write them to the database.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • Guide for Upgrading to MongoDB 5.0 and Rocket.Chat 4.0 on Docker

        Rocket.Chat 4.0.0 has recently been released. The upgrade process from the previous version is not quite simple to be very honest.

        Even though you can make the transition from an old 3.x.y version of Rocket.Chat, earlier versions of MongoDB, namely, 3.6 and 4.0, have been deprecated for use with the popular chat server since the new release. MongoDB 3.4 support has also been removed. These changes were first confirmed on pull request #22907 merged two weeks earlier.

        In this tutorial, I've documented a complete step-by-step process to make a successful upgrade to Rocket.Chat including upgrading your MongoDB database version to the most recent 5.0.

      • How To Install Flatpak Made Simple

        This tutorial explains computer users how to quickly, easily download and install applications on GNU/Linux by using Flatpak. Flatpak, with its apps download website Flathub.org, is a new technology to make end-users easily get apps they want regardless their distro choices and versions. We will learn by example using Fedora Workstation here and it is applicable to other distros. Let's start app hunting!

      • How To Install phpMyAdmin with Nginx on Debian 11 - idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install phpMyAdmin with Nginx on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, phpMyAdmin is a free, open-source, and web-based application used for managing MySQL databases, user accounts, and privileges, execute SQL statements, import and export data in a variety of data formats, and much more from the web interface.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of phpMyAdmin on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

      • How to Install Usermin on Ubuntu21 - Unixcop

        Usermin is a web-based interface mainly for webmail designed for non-root users to perform routine tasks including, reading mail, changing passwords, setting up databases and a web-based SSH terminal. It is a simpler version of Webmin for regular users without always system administrators.

        It’s a version of Webmin that is for regular users without always system administrators. Usermin, like Webmin, is a basic web server and a set of CGI scripts that update user config files such as / .cshrc and / .forward. All CGI scripts and the web server are in Perl 5, and use only the non-standard Authen::PAM perl module.

      • How to Install rsync on Linux

        Usually, you need to perform folder synchronizations on different computers. In Linux, this task is fully accomplished by the rsync command. Rsync is present in the official repositories of many Linux distributions like Debian, Ubuntu, CentOS, and others.

        Also, the Linux rsync command has many different options that allow you to modify the way synchronizations are performed. These synchronizations are copies of directories or files, but they are done in an advanced way.

      • How to Repair Corrupted root filesystem in RHEL 8

        Sometimes the Linux system crashes due to corruption of the root filesystem, in which case you need to boot the system into recovery mode and then repair your file system.

        The panic screen will show that the root file system is corrupted and suggests manually running fsck to repair it.

      • How to install umami on CentOS 8 - Unixcop

        umami is a free, fast and simple open-source that own your website analytics.

        It is a self-hosted web analytics alternative to Google Analytics that focuses on privacy.

        In this guide we will show you how to install Umami on CentOS 8.

      • How to install CURL on Alpine Linux - Linux Shout

        Learn the command to install the CURL tool on Alpine Linux to transfer or download files using various protocols.

        cURL is a program that enables files to be transferred from or to a server without user interaction. In addition to HTTP, the program supports a variety of other network protocols such as FTP, FTPS, HTTPS, GOPHER, TELNET, DICT, FILE, and LDAP. It is controlled via command-line parameters that are specified when the program is called.

        cURL uses the libcurl library for all functions relating to data transfer. It is often used for working with REST -ful services, e.g. for developing or debugging such services.

      • How to connect to Red Hat Data Grid without SSL | Red Hat Developer

        Red Hat Data Grid is an in-memory data service you can use to speed up your applications. Red Hat's single sign-on technology (SSO) provides a convenient way to connect to Data Grid. Normally, SSO is used with Secure Sockets Layer (SSL), as I explained in my previous article. But if this layer of security is not needed, you can use SSO between your application and Red Hat Data Grid without SSL. This article shows how to integrate Data Grid and SSO into Red Hat OpenShift without SSL.

        This integration of Data Grid and SSO with SSL communication disabled is suitable for test scenarios, where it can be used to set up an environment quickly and carry out tests to understand how Data Grid can be used as a remote store with SSO.

        Note: All the cross-site replication use cases between Red Hat Data Grid and Red Hat's single sign-on technology are in tech preview. Thus, the material in this article does not make use of a cross-site replication use case and is not recommended for production use. This article employs Data Grid as a remote store with SSO, which also requires proper performance tuning and would require a support exception in order to engage Red Hat technical support.

      • How to Setup Rsyslog Server on Debian 11

        Rsyslog is a free and open-source logging software that forwards all log files to the centralized log server through the IP network. It helps system administrators to keep an eye on all servers from the central point. Rsyslog works in a client/server model, it receives logs from the remote client on port 514 over the TCP/UDP protocol.

        In this post, we will show you how to set up the Rsyslog server on Debian 11.

      • Linux Essentials - Bash Aliases - Invidious

        Aliases in Bash enable you to essentially create your own commands, or even just simplify existing ones. In this video, I'll explain what aliases are, and I'll show you some of my personal favorites. At the end, I'll show you how to make your aliases persist between sessions.

      • File Searching on elementary OS

        This simple tutorial explains how to search files and folders on elementary OS. This uses Files, the default file manager of elementary OS, also known as Pantheon Files and io.elementary.files. It is not to be confused with Files, the file manager of Ubuntu also known as Nautilus. This is based on today's latest elementary OS 6 codenamed Odin and in the future it might change like any other software.

      • Install NoMachine on Kali Linux 2021 - kifarunix.com

        In this tutorial you will learn how to install NoMachine on Kali Linux 2021. NoMachine is a remote desktop tool. It works just like VNC, TeamViewer etc.

        It is designed to work across several platforms such as Windows, Mac and Linux to give users access to the physical desktop of the remote computer. NoMachine provides the best, fastest and highest quality remote desktop experience.

      • How To Install and Setup Thunderbird Mail Client On Ubuntu 20.04 - kifarunix.com

        In this tutorial, you will learn how to install and setup Thunderbird mail client on Ubuntu 20.04. Thunderbird is an open source and flexible email, news, chat, and calendar client and RSS reader. It was developed by the Mozilla Foundation. Its creators believe strongly in the benefits of open standards. Thunderbird intentionally rejects closed platforms with this free and open source project.

        Thunderbird is a free, cross-platform client that offers users a vast number of features. These features include a tabbed email function, attachment reminder, smart folders, a built-in Do Not Track mode, and more. It’s extremely user-friendly so anyone can easily install and setup the mail client.

      • Easily Install Kali Linux 2021.3 on VirtualBox - kifarunix.com

        In this tutorial, you will learn how to install Kali Linux 2021.3 on VirtualBox. Kali Linux is an Advanced Penetration Testing Debian-based Linux distribution used for Penetration Testing, Ethical Hacking and network security assessments.

        Kali Linux 2021.3 is the third (Quarter 3) 2021 Kali Rolling release. It comes pimped with various awesome updates.

      • Install VirtualBox Guest Additions on Kali Linux 2021.3 - kifarunix.com

        In this tutorial, you will learn how to install VirtualBox guest additions on Kali Linux 2021.3.

      • Quick Way to Install LEMP Stack on Debian 11 - kifarunix.com

        This guide presents a quick way to install LEMP Stack on Debian 11.

        LEMP stack is an acronym for the commonly used web application and deployment component;

      • Install and Setup OpenLDAP Server on Debian 11 - kifarunix.com

        Follow through this tutorial to learn how to install and setup OpenLDAP Server on Debian 11. OpenLDAP is an open source implementation of the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol, a client-server protocol for accessing directory services, specifically X. 500-based directory services.

    • Games

      • Build and manage your own special resort in Hotel Magnate now in Early Access | GamingOnLinux

        After the success on Kickstarter in 2019, Hotel Magnate from developer Arcade Oven and publisher Crytivo has arrived to let you build up your own special resort.

        Like the tycoon games of old, Hotel Magnate gives you all the tools you need and a dirt-patch to start from. Build your floors, walls and eventually decorate every single part of it to your liking. From bathrooms to nightclubs, there's a lot you get to place inside your walls. Since it's only just started life, the developer has plans to add plenty more to it.

      • Qualcomm, Valve, AMD and more team up for Wi-Fi Dual Station | GamingOnLinux

        Wi-Fi Dual Station is the name of what appears to be quite the leap for latency-sensitive gaming where a wired connection remains top but for how long? Probably forever but the gap is getting shorter.

        Qualcomm together with Acer, AMD, Lenovo, Microsoft, Snapdragon Compute Platforms and Valve teamed up to enable this new tech that uses multiple Wi-FI bands and antennas concurrently. As they said in the press release "By simultaneously utilizing the 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz band (or 6 GHz where available), latency issues in one band can be easily resolved at a system-level both quickly and transparently to the end user".

      • Heroes of Might and Magic II game engine recreation fheroes2 v0.9.8 out now | GamingOnLinux

        Play the classic Heroes of Might and Magic II thanks to fheroes2, a fantastic game engine recreation project allowing you to play it cross-platform and it's open source.

        Much like other similar reimplementations including OpenMW, openXcom, OpenRA and more it aims to reproduce the original game but give many enhancements to how you play and interact with it like improved AI, bug fixes, UI improvements and more.

      • AYN Odin is a handheld Android game console with Snapdragon 845 for $175 and up (crowdfunding)

        The AYN Odin is a handheld game console that resembles like a Nintendo Switch Lite, with a 6 inch, 1080p IPS LCD display surrounded by game controllers and it’s expected to have a starting price of less than $200.

        But under the hood, the Odin has the guts of a flagship Android phone from a few years ago, including support for up to a Qualcomm Snapdragon 845 processor, 8GB of RAM, and 128GB of storage (plus a microSD card reader). First revealed earlier this year with the code-name “Project Valhalla,” the Odin is designed to be an inexpensive handheld gaming device, and it’s expected to begin shipping in November.

      • Twitch has suffered a huge leak of source code with a possible Steam competitor (updated)

        Twitch is not having a good time lately. On top of battling bots engaging in hate-raids spamming chats with horrible things, it appears they've also suffered a massive data breach.

        First reported (as far as we can tell) by VGC, who have since had it confirmed that it's legitimate, this is a massive blow to Twitch and really shines a light on their security for such a thing to happen. Even though there's no indication yet that it includes login details, you may want to be extra careful and go change your Twitch password.

      • ET: Legacy 2.78 Released With Better OpenAL Sound, Android Support Materializing - Phoronix

        One of our favorite open-source game projects, ET: Legacy for letting the legendary game Wolfenstein: Enemy Territory live on as a community project, is out with a new release.

        It was just earlier this year was ET: Legacy 2.77 for this game built off the open-source id Tech 3 engine code. Now as the weather cools down they are ready with ET: Legacy 2.78 for gamers wishing to continue enjoying this two decade old gaming experience.

        ET: Legacy 2.78 improves its OpenAL sound system code, server-side demo recordings are now working, various frame-rate dependency handling improvements for a smoother gameplay, random crashes have been resolved, This release also brings a number of adjustments to improve the in-game competitiveness.

    • Distributions

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8.5 Beta is now available

          Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 8.5 Beta is full of improvements, new features and is easier for RHEL users to access and test out. This release brings live kernel patching to the web console, a number of system roles and management enhancements, and removes the requirement to explicitly ask for beta access.

          A number of the new features and enhancements in this release are a direct response to customer requests. This release continues the 6-month release cadence Red Hat announced at the beginning of the RHEL 8 cycle, providing users with a predictable and reliable release schedule.

        • IT careers: 5 ways to get out of a rut

          IT career ruts happen for many reasons. If you’re feeling stuck, it may have to do with your workplace culture, or with the person you see in the mirror every day. Routine work can lead to boredom. At the same time, workplace pressures may create a sense of fear, so performing tasks is no longer enjoyable and rewarding as survival instincts take over and the fear of losing a job outweighs everything else.

          The combination of fear and boredom often leads to a feeling of inertia in your career. You might find it difficult to take on new challenges due to a fear of coming up short.

          Some people have a mistaken belief in The Peter Principle, which posits that in an organizational hierarchy, every employee tends to rise to their level of incompetence. This outlook is misguided. Most people can become competent in their positions, even if they are bored. The good news? You have the ability to make lasting changes.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • Canonical Announces Ubuntu Frame As A Full-Screen Shell Built On Mir
          Canonical today announced the launch of Ubuntu Frame, its full-screen shell built atop the Wayland-embracing Mir server for embedded displays, IoT, and related use-cases.

          Canonical has been working on Ubuntu Frame as another commercial avenue for the company and for pushing along their technologies around Mir and Snaps. Canonical is hoping Ubuntu Frame will be used for powering interactive kiosks, digital signage solutions, and other IoT-type products requiring a display.

        • Canonical launches Ubuntu Frame, the foundation for embedded displays

          Canonical announces the release of Ubuntu Frame, a solution that allows developers to easily build and deploy graphical applications for interactive kiosks, digital signage solutions, or any other products that require a graphical output. With Ubuntu Frame, developers no longer need to integrate and maintain partial solutions such as DRM, KMS, input protocols or security policies to power and secure their displays. This means less code to manage, less opportunities for bugs and vulnerabilities in untried code, and more time for developing the content of the display.

          “Ubuntu Frame makes it easier for our customers to create customizable, reliable, and more secure smart retail and digital signage solutions while leveraging the power of Lenovo ThinkEdge platforms,” said Blake Kerrigan, GM Edge Computing, Lenovo Intelligent Devices Group.

        • Ubuntu 21.10 is upon us, and it's small changes for major improvements

          The official release of Ubuntu 21.10 is Oct. 14. This is a non-LTS release, so it won't gain nearly the attention the LTS releases will receive. That's a shame because although 21.10 (Impish Indri) might not at first blush include major changes, it does finally bring to Ubuntu one big shift that should make users very happy.

          That shift comes in the way of GNOME 40. Yes, this iteration of the GNOME desktop has been out for some time, and many other distributions have been shipping with G40 for some time. So, GNOME 40 is old news within the Linux community. I've covered GNOME 40 a bit more in-depth in "GNOME 40 takes a few bold steps to improve the desktop."

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Luis Villa: Notes on histories [Ed: He's among the GNU deniers and corporate revisioinists of so-called "open source"... pretending Free softare was never a thing.]

        I have been doing a variety of history reading of late, but have not had time to properly synthesize them. They keep coming up in conversation, though, so I wanted to write down some bullet points I could refer to. I hope they are interesting and/or provocative in a good way to someone.

        Resemblance to the history of open source was rarely why I read these books. (In fact at least one was read deliberately to get away from open source thinking.) And yet the parallels — around power, mindshare, “territory”, autonomy, empowerment, innovation—keep coming back to me. I leave conclusions, for the most part, for now, to the reader.

      • Programming/Development

        • Java

          • 7 Reasons Why Learning Java in 2021 is Still a Good Idea - kifarunix.com

            The global IT industry enjoyed massive growth in the wake of the Covid-19 epidemic as more and more companies saw the increased need to take their business online and compete on a global scale. There is a demand for programmers who can work on various platforms and use flexible programming languages like Java.

  • Leftovers

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Facebook Offers Excuse for Long Widespread Outage

        People who wanted to spend their lunch hour catching up with Facebook on Monday were out of luck – in fact, they were out of luck for about six hours. An excuse was offered for the outage that affected Facebook, Instagram, and WhatsApp, but the truth is, the social media giant has just been having a hard time these past few weeks.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • Belarusian security forces detain 50 people over social media posts on Minsk shooting: rights group

        Belarusian KGB officers have detained 50 people on charges of insulting a government official or inciting social hatred, following a shooting incident in which an IT worker and a KGB officer died, the Viasna-96 human rights group said on Thursday.

        "Apparently, the arrests are connected with comments on social media posts about the death of Andrei Zeltser and a KGB officer," the rights group said. The interior ministry could not immediately be reached for comment.

        Belarusian authorities said KGB officers shot dead a 31-year-old man on Tuesday after he resisted law enforcement officers. They did not confirm his identity or media reports that the man may have been a U.S. citizen. read more

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • San Jose apologizes for racist past against Chinese community

        San Jose formally apologized for its "role in acts of discrimination against the Chinese immigrant community and its descendants" through an unanimous resolution that city leaders announced this week.

        City officials, including Mayor Sam Liccardo, and community leaders announced the resolution for past racist acts against the Chinese community in downtown San Jose, the site of a Chinatown destroyed by arson in 1887. A portion of the area was set ablaze shortly after the City Council had declared it a public nuisance and health hazard.

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • IPR Denied? Alternate Path Still Open After Fed. Circ. Case

          A Federal Circuit decision narrowing when the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office can reexamine patents after an inter partes review petition is denied may encourage patent owners to attack a growing number of reexamination requests by petitioners, but the reach of the ruling appears limited, attorneys say.

          The court's holding focused on reexaminations filed after inter partes reviews are rejected by the Patent Trial and Appeal Board as "abusive," so it appears that when the board denies petitions for other reasons, such as an upcoming trial in district court, re-exams remain fair game, for now.

        • History of Patent Harmonization (3) Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) (2) PCT International Survey System (2) [Ed: The term "harmonisation" sounds good, but that typically means imposing patent maximalists' policies on nations that have 'unsuitable' laws]

          The PCT has an “International Search System” (PCT Article 15). Regarding international search, various issues have been raised at WIPO’s PCT-related meetings, and I have faced some of these issues in our practice. Using the International Patent Search System requires skill and knowhow.

        • Patent lawyers want harmonisation for incremental inventions [Ed: Seems like Managing IP, the propaganda mill of Team UPC, has found itself a newly-hired propagandist for UPC, based on lies and selective voices (of the sponsors)]

          Counsel from Asia discuss the disparities in patentability standards for incremental inventions and the need for consistency in IP office practice

        • Patent on sustainable energy [Ed: Repeating paid-for EPO greenwashing propaganda to perpetuate the lie that more patents (monopolies) would somehow, magically, tackle climate issues]

          Hundreds of thousands of patents relating to energy technology are registered with the European Patent Office. By referring in turn to other patents, each of these documents forms part of a huge technological knowledge network, in some way comparable to academic publications within a specialty. “Not every technology is patented and many patents will never be used,” explains Peter Persoon. “But the great thing is that every patent offers a detailed description and has been put through a quality check.”

        • UK: Decline Of The Garden Shed Inventor? [Ed: Today's patent system is all about the big corporations; even patent offices are unable to deny that]

          The UK Intellectual Property Office (IPO) has issued a new research report exploring the changing behaviours of UK patent applicants and the possible driving forces behind them. With applications to the IPO in decline and strong growth in applications to the European Patent Office (EPO) over the same period, it would be natural to assume that applicants were switching from filing in the UK to filing at the EPO. However, the picture that emerges from the new report looks quite different.

          The research analysed and compared trends in patent applications made to the IPO and the EPO over a twenty year period (2000-2020). That puts the impact of the 2008 recession right in the middle of the report's trend-showing graphs. Unsurprisingly, the research found an accelerated turnover amongst IPO applicants having larger portfolios, i.e. bigger customers, during the period of economic disruption after 2008. However, the overall number of applications from this group recovered and has held steady since, marking a turning point in the previous decline in IPO applications from 2000 up to the end of the recession.

        • Question of fact or law – court sheds light on longstanding issue in Swiss patent law, or doesn’t it?

          In a recent decision, the Swiss Federal Supreme Court – Switzerland’s highest court also in patent matters – dealt with the question of whether the assessment of patent claims is fundamentally a question of law or a question of fact. This distinction is relevant under Swiss law for example because in Switzerland, after the conclusion of the double exchange of briefs, new factual arguments can be presented only under certain conditions and the Federal Supreme Court examines factual arguments only with a limited standard of review, whereas legal arguments can still be presented in the main hearing and are examined by the Federal Supreme Court without restrictions. In order to understand the decision and its relevance, it is important to look at the differentiation between questions of fact and questions of law according to Swiss understanding.

          Differentiation between questions of fact and questions of law and its relevance

          Swiss courts differentiate between so-called “questions of fact” and “questions of law”. “Questions of fact” refer to anything concerning the facts underlying a case – for example, the question of whether a certain event relevant to the case happened, or the sequence of certain events. In other words, a question of fact asks about the relevant course of events, which forms the basis of the case and shall be legally assessed. A “question of law”, on the other hand, concerns the application of the law to the established facts. For example, questions of law deal with the correct interpretation of a statutory provision, the subsuming of the facts under the legal norms and the determination of the legal consequences of a certain event. As mentioned, this seemingly abstract differentiation has significant consequences for the court practice and the parties in court proceedings in Switzerland.

          [...]

          The Federal Supreme Court did not agree with the appellant and upheld the decision of the Federal Patent Court. The Federal Supreme Court did not directly deal with the differentiation between questions of fact and questions of law with respect to the interpretation of prior art but held that the Federal Supreme Court does not deal with the technical understanding of the skilled person of technical documents. It is unclear from the decision of the Federal Supreme Court what is actually meant by this comment. However, it is somewhat inconsistent that on the one hand the Federal Supreme Court wants to deal with the interpretation of patent claims through the eyes of the person skilled in the art but on the other hand seems to exclude the interpretation of prior-art documents by the person skilled in the art from its competence.

          It may appear that the specific wording of a prior-art document is a question of fact from a Swiss perspective. However, how the person skilled in the art understands a document from the prior art and in particular what conclusions the skilled person draws from it may be considered a legal question, since it is one of defining the normative understanding of the person skilled in the art.

        • Ericsson seeks $5 per iPhone for its 5G standard-essential patents, asks federal court to bless that rate, and will probably prevail over Apple unless Samsung pays much less at the upper end

          There's a huge new patent licensing dispute in town, and it's hard to see how Apple could realistically win it unless Ericsson made an unlikely mistake in structuring its recent settlement with Samsung. What Ericsson is asking for is FRAND, not only in my opinion but simply in light of a recent decision by the Fifth Circuit in HTC v. Ericsson.

          In 2015, it took about a year of litigation between Ericsson and Apple before a new license agreement was signed. That one is going to expire soon--presumably by yearend--but litigation has already commenced. We are not yet talking about any patent infringement assertions (which are barred while a license is in effect), but a declaratory judgment complaint that Ericsson brought against Apple in the Eastern District of Texas on Monday, effectively asking the court to declare that Ericsson's royalty rate of $5 per device is FRAND and that Ericsson's overall conduct is FRAND-compliant (this post continues below the document)...

        • Wednesday Whimsies [Ed: Anastasiia Kyrylenko at IP Kat gives platform again to patent extremists like 4IP Council and EPO dictators]

          The European Patent Office (EPO) has several positions open, including the Head of Department Legal Research Service of the Boards of Appeal (here), and several posts for lawyers in the Legal Services of the Boards of Appeal (here). Application deadline for all vacancies is October 15, 2021.

        • Does the Court of Appeal's 2:1 split in Thaler underline the need for legislative review? [Ed: It's complete lunacy giving patent monopolies to bots; there should no room for debate on this unless we also open up to farcical scenarios like patents for people's cats and dogs]

          Can machines be inventors? The US, the European Patent Office, and Australia all have considered this question. None of their decisions however are helpful in the UK, since the relevant statutory provisions in those disputes were different from the law of the UK. This point was made by the Court of Appeal at [94]-[96] of their recent judgment in Thaler v Comptroller [2021] EWCA Civ 1374 which IPKat friend friend, Brussels-based trainee patent attorney, Henry Yang, breaks down and cuts through the noise for our readers.

          [...]

          The Court of Appeal was unanimous that under the current law machines cannot be inventors. The source of this position was that when enacting the 1977 Act Parliament did not have it in mind that machines could make inventions ([103]). Consequently even if this case continues to the highest court, whether a machine can be the inventor is ultimately a policy question which Parliament is better positioned to answer. On one hand recognising machines as a new class of inventors may promote innovation in the UK; on the other this may create numerous issues which with machines assuming the place previously occupied only by humans can prove tricky: a key problem is that machines may churn out inventions but have no rights. A potential question could be how to consent to transferring the right to the grant if a machine and a person jointly contributed to an invention?

          To solve the difficulty that machines do not have rights I think it would be necessary to link an inventive machine to a person in some way, such that the person can act on behalf of the machine. I had also argued that it is probably not entirely right to regard a machine as the sole inventor sui juris. in AI, teaching a machine how to innovate (a role of human beings) is at least just as important as the innovation process itself carried out by the machine. Finally for countries under a centralised granting system such as the European Patent Convention states, it is desirable to achieve at least some degree of harmonisation among them on whether to recognise machines as inventors. Otherwise a granted patent by the central agency may be regarded as deficit in one country where it is subsequently in force, causing legal uncertainties both to the patentee and to third parties.

          In response to the call for views on artificial intelligence and intellectual property, the UK government indicated in March 2021 that it would launch a consultation later this year on how to protect inventions created by artificial intelligence machines which do not qualify as inventors. Potential options included legislative changes. Courts are bound to interpret the law as it is. In order to make it recognised a new class of inventors which had not been in the mind of the previous legislature it is probably more effective to argue for a change in the law, if one is needed."

        • Julius Glatz and Rohnke prevail in years-long battle over cigarette papers

          US patent holder Schweitzer-Mauduit and German special paper manufacturer Julius Glatz fought bitterly through all instances up until the end. The recent decision by the German Federal Court of Justice, which nullified a large part of the disputed patent (case ID: X ZR 26/20) has ended proceedings for now. However, there remains the matter of damages to be settled.

          Schweitzer-Mauduit’s patent EP 1 482 815 protects a paper with reduced ignition proclivity characteristics used for manufacturing cigarettes. The LIP papers (low ignition propensity paper) are treated with film-forming solutions, which makes them less permeable to oxygen. As such, the embers inside the cigarette cannot easily spread to any material it may be lying on. This is to prevent fires caused by dropped or discarded cigarettes.

          [...]

          After the EPO opposition division initially upheld the patent in limited form, the Boards of Appeal overturned the ruling in 2016. They referred the matter back to the opposition division, with a request to uphold the patent as per an auxiliary request filed in September of that year

        • EPC now at your fingertips, on all devices [Ed: What a nerve EPO has publishing this nonsense while violating the EPC every day with help of founding member states]

          The digital version of the European Patent Convention (EPC) is now easier to navigate than ever before and can be instantly accessed on mobile devices.

          Almost 50 years after the EPC was first signed with pen and ink by the EPO's founding states, the latest format has been made possible by responsive web design (RWD). You are warmly invited to try out the new format on new.epo.org.

          A feedback form enables you to submit anonymous feedback that will help shape both the functionality and the look and feel of the new epo.org.

          The EPC is the second major item to be added to the pilot version of the new website, after the recently launched Statistics and Trends Centre. The latest addition marks the beginning of a new era of convenient online access to our legal texts, presented in a modern format that is easier on the eye.

        • Joseph Yoon patent challenged

          On October 1, 2021, Unified filed a petition for inter partes review (IPR) against U.S. Patent 9,376,076, owned and asserted by Joseph Y. Yoon IP LLC. The '076 patent is generally directed to airbag deployment technology currently being asserted against Toyota.

      • Copyrights



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