10.14.21

Gemini version available ♊︎

Links 14/10/2021: LibreOffice 7.2.2, Happy Birthday to Jolla, Ubuntu 21.10, Devuan GNU+Linux 4.0, OpenBSD 7.0

Posted in News Roundup at 4:22 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • Desktop/Laptop

      • Kubuntu Focus M2 is renewed with Intel Tiger Lake and NVIDIA RTX 30 – itsfoss.net

        Recently we have among us the third generation of the Kubuntu Focus M2 , the renewal of the professional laptop that stands out for its high performance and for using the Ubuntu family member as a pre-installed operating system, more specifically the 20.04 LTS version.

        The processor incorporated in the renewed Kubuntu Focus M2 is the Intel Core i7-11800H , corresponding to the Tiger Lake generation and incorporating 8 physical cores, 16 threads (2 threads per core), 24MB of Intel Smart Cache, integrated Gen12 graphics ( Xe) and is capable of working at a maximum frequency of 4.6GHz. It is important to bear in mind that this component is fixed and cannot be modified in the purchase process.

        The notebook also includes the latest generation of NVIDIA graphics technology, offering a in the base configuration 6GB RTX 3060 that can be replaced by an 8GB RTX 3070 or a 16GB RTX 3080 . Here we find one of the great buts of the product, since NVIDIA does not care much about complying with the standards , despite the many efforts that there are to make them swallow them by force . Added to this are the problems tearing that are usually present when combining KDE Plasma with the official NVIDIA driver, which is easy to solve as long as you are willing to use the console. Hopefully with Wayland the dynamics begin to change.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • Graphics Stack

        • NVIDIA 495 Linux Beta Driver Released With GBM Support – Phoronix

          NVIDIA 495.29.05 is out today as the first public Linux driver in the 495 series.

          Most exciting with the NVIDIA 495.29.05 beta release is GBM API support! After years of waiting and NVIDIA wanting to pursue an alternative API instead after years of pushing EGLStreams, NVIDIA’s proprietary driver has finally adopted the Generic Buffer Manager (GBM) API. This greatly enhances the Wayland support for NVIDIA’s proprietary driver stack and makes it compatible with a lot more Wayland software. For example, the likes of Sway should now run fine with this new driver.

        • NVIDIA Beta 495.29.05 rolls out with GBM for expanded Wayland support | GamingOnLinux

          NVIDIA has today released the 495.29.05 driver as a Beta in their New Feature Branch and it’s a relatively big one.

          The main highlight feature is that NVIDIA has finally added support for the GBM API making it more compatible with Wayland, this is instead of EGLStreams that they were previously pushing. Just another tick in the box for running a Wayland system with NVIDIA with it now using the same API as Mesa with GBM.

    • Benchmarks

      • 9-Way H2’2021 Linux OS Performance Comparison On Intel Xeon Scalable Ice Lake

        While we recently looked at autumn 2021 Linux distributions on Intel Tiger Lake for seeing how these various latest distributions are competing on client platforms, in today’s article is a look at how well the latest Linux distributions perform when using the latest-generation Intel Xeon Scalable 3rd Gen “Ice Lake” server hardware with two Xeon Platinum 8380 processors. AlmaLinux, Arch Linux, CentOS Stream, Clear Linux, Debian, Fedora, openSUSE, and Ubuntu were battling it out on this Intel reference server.

        The Linux distribution releases being compared for today’s performance comparison included…

    • Applications

      • Hashbrown – Simple Tool to Verify Your Downloads By Checking File Hash

        To verify downloaded packages, we do hash checks. And Hashbrown is a simple graphical tool to generate or verify file hash in Linux Desktop.

        Software developers often provide cryptographic hashes along with downloads, for users to ensure the file or program matches the source. Usually, they are MD5, SHA-1, and SHA-256 hashes.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to install Steam with Ubuntu 21.04 – Unixcop

        Today we will see how to install Steam with Ubuntu 21.04. This is the ultimate destination for playing, discussing, and creating games. This is the official statement of the Steam website. A cross-platform where users can play or purchase games. While surfing across the official site, I was able to see more than five million gamers online. Now. you can imagine of polarity level of the platform.

      • Get the colour of any screen pixel

        I am currently investigating how to manage the situation when bootup results in a black screen.

      • How To Install XFCE Desktop Environment on Debian 11 – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install XFCE Desktop Environment on Debian 11. For those of you who didn’t know, Xfce is a lightweight desktop environment for UNIX-like operating systems. It aims to be quick and light on system resources, while still being visually appealing and user friendly. Unlike GNOME and KDE desktops which are heavier, but XFCE uses fewer system resources.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of XFCE on a Debian 11 (Bullseye).

      • How to Access Remote Desktop from Browser Using TightVNC

        VNC stands for (Virtual Network Computing) is an open-source graphical desktop sharing tool for managing and control machines remotely using a VNC client called VNC Viewer.

      • How to Add a User to Sudoers on Fedora – LinuxCapable

        When installing Fedora, the user account created during the initial setup should have access to sudo rights. However, there may be a need to add additional sudo users or make the default user have sudo rights. This is a straightforward process with a few commands.

        In the following tutorial, you will learn to add a user to the sudoers group on any Fedora system.

      • How to Find and Kill Zombie Process on Linux

        Brief: This is a quick tip on finding zombie processes in Linux and then killing them. You also learn a thing or two about processes and zombie processes.

        Before you learn about Zombie process, let me recall what is a process in Linux.

        In a few words, a process is a running instance of a program in performance. It can be foreground (interactive process) or background (not interactive or automatic process). It can be a parent (creator of other processes during run-time) or child (process created by others) process.

        In Linux, except for the first init (or systemd) process with PID 0, every other process has a parent process. Processes also have their own child processes.

        Don’t believe me? Use the pstree command in terminal to look at the process tree to see the ‘family tree’ of your system’s processes.

      • How to Install Cockpit on Debian 11

        The Cockpit is a free and open-source server management application sponsored by Red Hat. It comes with a simple web-based admin interface to manage the server through the web browser instead of cli. It also provides information on CPU load, filesystem statistics, processes, and further information. It allows you to perform day-to-day system administrative tasks including, creating and managing users, troubleshoots network issues, upload and download files, and more.

        In this post, we will show you how to install and use Cockpit on Debian 11.

      • How to Install Jenkins on Rocky Linux 8

        Jenkins is an open-source continuous build system. It is a server-based application written in Java, and it typically runs as a background service on Windows or Unix machines. We use Jenkins to automatically monitor the repository for changes of our source code. As soon as someone pushes his/her changes to the central source code repository, Jenkins analyzes the new source files for changes. If it finds that the source file has changed since our last compilation, then Jenkins initiates a new build on our Continuous Integration Server.

      • How to Install MongoDB Compass on CentOS 8 – Unixcop

        MongoDB compass is the official GUI tool for MongoDB. You can add, delete, update, create Databases from GUI. It is specifically for someone who finds querying data using commands difficult.

        In this tutorial we will install mongoDB compass.

      • How to Install PHP Composer on Debian 11

        PHP Composer is a dependency manager for PHP. It uses a composer.json file placed in your project root which contains a description of the project, including its dependencies and other information such as author, license, and so on. With PHP Composer, you can install all necessary libraries to build a PHP application with just one command from your terminal.

        PHP Composer easily manages dependencies, libraries of your project. It also allows you to make a release of your application to other people or for yourself. You can think about PHP Composer as npm, bower, and bundler on JavaScript.

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Composer on Debian 11. All the steps should work on other Debian-based distributions as well.

      • How to Install Zirkula CMS on Ubuntu 20.04 – VITUX

        ZIkula means “plus” in Swahili language, so it translates as “more than” or “something more”. The name embodies what this project provides – an extension beyond common web technologies with tools like templates that help you create simple one-page websites all the way up to complex applications powered by Node JS modules & MVC architecture. You can create anything from basic one-page websites to sophisticated and powerful online apps with Zikula’s user-friendly interface. It is very simple to set up, so you will have no trouble making your vision come alive.

        In this guide, we’ll guide you through how to install Zikula and all of its requirements on an Ubuntu 20.04 system.

      • How to Install and Configure Postgres 14 Ubuntu 20.04

        In this guide we are going to install Postgresql 14 in Ubuntu 20.04.

        Postgresql is an open source object-relational database system with over 30 years of active development that has earned it a strong reputation for reliability, feature robustness, and performance. Postgres, is a free and open-source relational database management system emphasizing extensibility and SQL compliance. It was originally named POSTGRES, referring to its origins as a successor to the Ingres database developed at the University of California, Berkeley. PostgreSQL is used as the primary data store or data warehouse for many web, mobile, geospatial, and analytics applications. PostgreSQL can store structured and unstructured data in a single product.

      • How to check your CPU in a Linux system

        To troubleshoot or build a software stack, you must not only know what type of architecture you work with, but also the details about your hardware and its performance. When it comes to Linux, you can gather that information via the command-line interface. The Linux CLI can provide you with detailed CPU information, such as the number of CPU cores, CPU architecture and CPU usage.

        You can use several specific commands to pull CPU information from your hardware, regardless of whether you use bare metal or virtualized hardware. These commands should work on any Linux distribution and should come preinstalled on your systems.

      • How to create Bootable USB using Ventoy on Ubuntu 21 – Unixcop

        Ventoy is a free and open source software to create bootable USB drives in Linux and Windows environment.

        You don’t need to format your USB device everytime you want it make bootable with another OS. you just have to create a bootable USB drive once and add as many as ISOs you want in future.

        Ventoy will automatically create entries for the newly added ISOs and add them to the boot menu.

        Once you created the multiboot USB, boot your system with the USB drive, select the ISO you want to load and start using it.

      • How to install Chromium Browser on Debian 11 (Bullseye) – VITUX

        Google’s Chromium browser is a Google project. It is an open-source web browser whose major objective is to make online browsing safer and quicker for all users. This browser is not designed for end-users, but rather for developers or programmers, because Google makes changes to its source code practically every day. As a result, it is critical to obtain the most recent version of this web program. The Chromium browser is available for nearly every Linux distribution, including Ubuntu, Debian, CentOS, and Fedora, as well as Windows, Android, and macOS.

        In this tutorial, we will demonstrate how to install the Chromium browser on the Debian 11 bullseye distribution. The instructions for installing the Chromium browser will also work for other Linux distributions such as Debian 10 buster, Ubuntu, LinuxMint, and others.

      • How to install Chromium Browser on Debian 11 (Bullseye) – VITUX

        First of all, we need to know what is the openfire which is one of Ignite open Realtime projects.

        Open Realtime:

        So Ignite Realtime is the community site for the users and developers of Jive Software’s open source Real Time Communications projects.Your involvement is helping to change the open RTC landscape.

      • How to install Ubuntu 21.10 – Invidious

        In this video, I am going to show how to install Ubuntu 21.10.

      • How to manage users and groups in Linux | Enable Sysadmin

        “What skills must Linux administrators have?” is way too broad a question for any single article. But there are plenty of general must-have sysadmin skills—and user and group administration are chief among them. Proper user account management enables Linux to enforce access controls (permissions) and audit who does what on the system.

        The commands below are written for Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) and RHEL-like distributions, but the concepts apply to any distribution of Linux. Knowing the skills and commands outlined in this article (and its two follow-up pieces, which dive deeper into user admin and group admin) helps ensure you’re ready for the day-to-day user and group administration tasks a sysadmin is called on to do.

      • How to use PS command – Unixcop

        Using a system without monitoring what’s happening in the background is not a good thing to do -especially in Linux- because as a result, you may be consuming resources in the wrong side of the city, or your system may be not properly utilized in the manner way.

        There are some systems depend almost exclusively on the GUI screens to monitor the system, and some people may prefer this method, but we will talk about one of the traditional, essential and effective ways to monitor our Linux system which is the PS command

      • File timestamps in Linux – atime, mtime and ctime

        In the Linux system, the system provides a file with three timestamps, namely access timestamp (atime), change timestamp (mtime), and change timestamp (ctime). Linux stores the timestamp in the Unix epoch instead of the actual date and time. The Unix epoch is the number of seconds from 00:00:00 on January 1, 1970.

        This article will help you understand Linux file timestamps and how file timestamps work. I have used for all the examples in this article an Ubuntu 20.04 system. Let’s first discuss the definition and how we can display it in our Linux system.

      • How to Upgrade to KDE Plasma 5.23 from 5.22

        The KDE team announced the stable release of KDE Plasma 5.23 with new features, improvements, and bug fixes. Here, in this quick guide, we give you the steps to upgrade to KDE Plasma 5.23 from 5.22.

    • Games

      • Proton Experimental fixes up Satisfactory networking making it easier to join others | GamingOnLinux

        Satisfactory is a first-person open-world factory building sim from Coffee Stain Studios and while it works well on Linux with Steam Play Proton the online networking had a big issue.

        For people with multiple network connections, trying to join others online would be problematic and most of the time just not work at all with an error message. There were workarounds like disabling other connections but it obviously wasn’t ideal and just another barrier. Thankfully the Proton Experimental release from October 13 notes a single change as “Fix connection issues in Satisfactory on systems with multiple network interfaces”.

      • Lutris 0.5.9 Released for Easier Access to Linux Games – itsfoss.net

        After almost a year of development , the gaming platform has Lutris 0.5.9 been released , providing tools to simplify the installation, configuration and management of games on Linux. The project code is written in Python and is distributed under the GPLv3 license.

        The project maintains a directory for quickly finding and installing game applications, which allows you to launch games in Linux with one click through a single interface, without worrying about installing dependencies and settings. Runtime components for running games are supplied by the project and are not tied to the distribution kit used. Runtime is a distribution-independent set of libraries that includes components from SteamOS and Ubuntu, as well as various additional libraries.

        Provides the ability to install games distributed through the services GOG, Steam, Epic Games Store, Battle.net, Origin and Uplay. At the same time, Lutris itself acts only as an intermediary and does not sell games, therefore, for commercial games, the user must independently purchase the game in the appropriate service (free games can be launched with one click from the Lutris graphical interface).

      • Hacking tactical narrative-driven RPG Midnight Protocol is out now | GamingOnLinux

        Developed by LuGus Studios who are known for Liftoff: FPV Drone Racing, Midnight Protocol is all about becoming a hacker who recently got doxxed and has been targeted for blackmail by a shadowy branch of government.

        Played entirely with your keyboard, Midnight Protocol is pretty much a game about revenge. You were arrested after your details got leaked, let go due to a lack of solid evidence and now you’re jumping right back into the hacking game which is against your parole but that’s not going to stop you. It’s a game that blends together a turn-based hacking feature, style-wise that part looks like something out of the modern two Deus Ex titles with a bunch of narrative drip-fed to you through emails and other sources.

      • Interplay updating many classic titles on Steam to add support for Linux

        Interplay Entertainment announced today they’re updating many of their classic titles to support Linux. A lot of it of course is thanks to the excellent free and open source DOSBox, which allows thousands of classic to play on modern systems without much hassle.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • KDE Plasma 5.23 Release Brings a Fresh Look with Performance Updates

          The 25th-anniversary edition – KDE Plasma 5.23 is released with brand-new features and performance updates. Here’s what’s new.

        • KDE celebrates 25 years with a big new Plasma desktop release

          Has it really been 25 years? That’s absolute madness. I still remember trying out the first released version of KDE. Plasma – 25th Anniversary Edition is available now.

          For this release a big user-facing change is the new Breeze — Blue Ocean theme that has an aim to make everything much more clear. Lots of little enhancements like active elements lighting up when a window gets focus, scrollbars are bigger and more accessible but redesigned to still look good. There’s some more “glossiness and style to the desktop” with lots of subtle added details. You can also choose accent colours now in the system settings (for highlighted items), allowing you to adjust it without switching your theme.

        • KDE Plasma 5.23 Released In Marking 25 Years Of KDE

          KDE Plasma 5.23 is officially out this morning as the newest major open-source desktop release and is known now as the KDE 25th Anniversary Edition.

          The KDE community is celebrating the 25th birthday of what started as the “Kool Desktop Environment” and they now have this new Plasma release that is in very good shape to mark the occasion. KDE Plasma 5.23 / 25th Anniversary Edition is very exciting with countless improvements, much better Wayland support that is good enough for day-to-day use for most individuals, and a number of other noticeable refinements throughout.

        • Plasma – 25th Anniversary Edition

          25 years ago today, Matthias Ettrich sent an email to the de.comp.os.linux.misc newsgroup explaining a project he was working on. The latest and direct result of that email (plus a quarter of a century of relentless experimentation, development and innovation) has just landed in KDE’s repositories.

          This time around, Plasma renews its looks and, not only do you get a new wallpaper, but also a gust of fresh air from an updated theme: Breeze – Blue Ocean. The new Breeze theme makes KDE apps and tools not only more attractive, but also easier to use both on the desktop and your phone and tablet.

          Of course, looks are not the only you can expect from Plasma 25AE: extra speed, increased reliability and new features have also found their way into the app launcher, the software manager, the Wayland implementation, and most other Plasma tools and utilities.

        • Happy 25th KDE | Kdenlive

          Happy 25th birthday KDE. We love being part of this wonderful community! Join the party at: https://25years.kde.org/

        • KDE Plasma 5.23 Release Marks its 25th Anniversary With Exciting Improvements – It’s FOSS News

          For years, KDE Plasma has been among the most-used desktop environments. This is due to its seemingly endless customization options, flashy looks, and feature-filled updates.

          With KDE Plasma 5.23, the desktop environment marks 25 years of work. Hence, this release is also known as Plasma 25th Anniversary Edition.

        • Plasma 25th Anniversary Edition released

          The KDE project is celebrating its 25th anniversary with a special release of the Plasma desktop.

    • Distributions

      • New Releases

        • KaOS 2021.10

          Today KDE is celebrating its 25th anniversary, to commemorate that event, KaOS is releasing the 2021.10 ISO, including the latest Plasma 5.23.0.

          For installer Calamares there are three major changes. Biggest one is the addition of a bootloader selection module. For UEFI installs it is now possible to select between systemd-boot, rEFInd or no bootloader, all presented in a nice, QML based GUI. Second change is the addition of an interactive keyboard preview in the keyboard setup page. And third is the porting of the License page to QML.

        • KaOS 2021.10 Is Here as One of the First Linux Distros to Ship with KDE Plasma 5.23 Desktop

          In celebration of KDE’s 25th anniversary, the KaOS developers release KaOS 2021.10 with the latest and greatest KDE Plasma 5.23 desktop environment series, which also landed today. This makes KaOS one of the first GNU/Linux distributions to ship with KDE Plasma 5.23, following close on the heels of KDE neon.

          Therefore, if you want to install and use the KDE Plasma 5.23 desktop environment on your personal computer right now, you can either download the KDE neon 20211014 release if you like Ubuntu-based distributions, or KaOS 2021.10 if you want an Arch Linux-inspired but independent distro. Both offer a rolling-release model where you install once and receive updates forever, including new KDE Plasma versions.

      • BSD

        • OpenBSD 7.0

          This is a partial list of new features and systems included in OpenBSD 7.0. For a comprehensive list, see the changelog leading to 7.0.

        • OpenBSD 7.0 Released With RISC-V 64-bit Port, Better Apple Silicon Support

          Not only is Ubuntu 21.10 releasing today but over on the BSD side of the table is the debut this morning of OpenBSD 7.0.

          OpenBSD 7.0 brings many improvements to this security-minded BSD operating system. Some of the many OpenBSD 7.0 changes include:

          - RISC-V 64-bit system support with the initial “riscv64″ platform added.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Red Hat Shares ― Special edition: Red Hat Summit 2021 Virtual Experience recap

          After a successful first run as a virtual event last year, Red Hat Summit Virtual Experience garnered more than 43,712* session views globally in 2021. Spread out over a couple of two-day events in April and June, this year’s Summit was all about offering attendees a way to “open your perspective.”

          The two-part event included 177 keynotes, breakouts, demos, and featured sessions, and 76 “Ask the Experts” sessions—all of which are available on demand for one year after their air dates. We also had five special guests—actors Joseph Gordon-Levitt and Kumail Nanjiani, musicians Ben Folds and Ahmir “Questlove” Thompson, and philanthropist Mick Ebeling—the Open Source Arcade, the #RHSummit photo maker, the “Code is open” challenge, the Open Neighborhood digital expo hall, and lots of news. And it wouldn’t be Red Hat Summit without a ton of Red Hat swag available from the Cool Stuff Store.

          In this special edition of Red Hat Shares, check out highlights from the virtual event, including featured keynotes, the top 10 sessions, our Red Hat Innovation Awards winners, and more.

        • AlmaLinux Foundation chair says he stepped down to highlight value of community status

          Igor Seletskiy, the founder of the AlmaLinux distro created in December 2020 as an alternative to CentOS, has explained that he stepped down as chair of the AlmaLinux Foundation in an effort to strengthen its community status – though his company still dominates the board.

          AlmaLinux is one of several distros to have sprung up, or demanded renewed attention, in the aftermath of Red Hat’s decision to make CentOS a late preview of what will become Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) rather than a binary-compatible rebuild. Other contenders include Rocky Linux, founded by an original co-founder of CentOS, and Oracle Linux. AlmaLinux originated as a project of CloudLinux, a company and commercial distro which already tracked RHEL, and of which Seletskiy is CEO.

        • Embracing open culture: Fostering innovation and resilience through organizational change

          The increasing popularity of hybrid work arrangements has many organizations looking for new organizational and cultural strategies.

          On top of this, the ability to quickly adapt and innovate is increasingly critical to many organizations’ survival, but innovation is unpredictable and something you can neither plan for nor control.

          So what are leaders to do? How can you help new hybrid teams work together productively? How can you retain existing talent and attract new people to your organization? How can you encourage more rapid innovations and harness them more effectively?

          By deliberately reshaping your organizational culture to a more open model, you can create the conditions that enable more effective hybrid teams and increase individual engagement while also encouraging innovation, flexibility and growth.

        • Emotional intelligence: 6 powerful phrases of future CIOs | The Enterprisers Project

          The events of the last year and a half have proven how essential emotional intelligence is for CIOs leading their technology organizations through challenging times. “The requirements to lead through complexity and ambiguity, while using more influence rather than formal roles of position and authority, continue to grow,” says Noelle Akins, leadership coach and founder of Akins & Associates. High-EQ leadership is no longer an option; it’s mandatory for success.

          Emotional intelligence is evidenced in the way individuals behave and – just as importantly – the way they speak. “Quite simply, words matter,” says Patrick Malone, director of American University’s Key Executive Leadership Programs and author of “Leading with Love and Laughter: Letting Go and Getting Real at Work.” “The way we communicate is the most impactful tool for building trust and bonds with our colleagues.”

          Earlier this year, we shared some simple yet effective phrases that CIOs and IT leaders use to practice and demonstrate their emotional intelligence. “A key aspect of emotional intelligence is relationship management,” says Dr. Sunni Lampasso, consulting psychologist, executive coach, and founder of Shaping Success. “The ability to communicate clearly and openly helps to establish credibility and build trust.”

      • Devuan Family

        • Devuan 4 Chimaera Release Notes
        • Devuan 4.0 (Chimaera) released
          Devuan Developers are pleased to announce the release of Devuan Chimaera
          4.0 as the project's newest stable release. This is the result of lots of
          painstaking work by the team and extensive testing by the wider Devuan
          community.
          
          We wish to thank all of you for the incredible support given to Devuan.
          Without your help and feedback, Devuan could not be the reliable and
          versatile distribution that it is.
          
        • Devuan GNU+Linux 4.0 “Chimaera” Released for Software Freedom Lovers, Based on Debian Bullseye

          Dubbed “Chimaera” and based on the recently released Debian GNU/Linux 11.1 “Bullseye”, Devuan GNU+Linux 4.0 comes with Linux kernel 5.10 LTS by default and a choice of three init systems, including sysvinit, runit, and OpenRC.

          Devuan is the GNU/Linux distribution you must download and use if you want to have a Debian GNU/Linux operating system installation without the systemd init system. Devuan is here for software freedom lovers!

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • Ubuntu Linux 21.10 arrives, bringing developer-focused features and GNOME 40

          Ubuntu is one of the most popular desktop Linux distributions, and it serves as the base for countless other desktop operating systems, like Linux Mint and Elementary OS. There are two major releases of Ubuntu each year, and right on schedule, Ubuntu 21.10 “Impish Indri” has just been released. The last major Ubuntu release was 21.04, dubbed “Hirsute Hippo”.

          Ubuntu 21.10 is not a Long-Term Support (LTS) release, so it will only be updated for the next nine months. If you don’t want to upgrade regularly or prefer stability over new features, Ubuntu 20.04 is the current LTS release and will receive updates until April 2025. Impish Indri is the final interim release before the next LTS release, scheduled for April 2022. Developers can use Ubuntu 21.10 to future-proof their work for the next LTS, which will be supported until at least 2032.

          “As open source becomes the new default, we aim to bring Ubuntu to all the corners of the enterprise and all the places developers want to innovate,” said Canonical CEO Mark Shuttleworth. “From the biggest public clouds to the tiniest devices, from DGX servers to Windows WSL workstations, open source is the springboard for new ideas and Ubuntu makes that springboard safe, secure and consistent.”

        • Ubuntu 21.10 Arrives With a Customized GNOME 40 Desktop

          There’s a lot of new stuff in Ubuntu 21.10, and our Linux expert Dave McKay broke it all down in a post explaining what’s new in Impish Indri. The prominent feature that stands out is the customized GNOME 40 desktop, but there’s a lot to be intrigued by.

          With Ubuntu 21.10’s version of GNOME 40, instead of seeing the Activities View when you log in, you’ll see your usual desktop, just like previous versions of Ubuntu, which should create a more comfortable experience.

          Of course, you can still access the Activities View, which is a critical part of the GNOME 40 experience.

        • Ubuntu 21.10 wants to mae cloud-native app development easier for all | TechRadar

          Canonical, the corporate sponsor of the popular Ubuntu distribution, has announced the launch of their latest Ubuntu 21.10, which they claim is “made for Ubuntu developers.”

          Code name Impish Indri, Canonical hails Ubuntu 21.10 as the most productive environment for cloud-native developers.

          “From the biggest public clouds to the tiniest devices, from DGX servers to Windows WSL workstations, open source is the springboard for new ideas and Ubuntu makes that springboard safe, secure and consistent,” remarked Canonical’s CEO, Mark Shuttleworth.

        • Canonical releases Ubuntu 21.10 with kernel 5.13 and GNOME 40 – Neowin

          Canonical has announced the release of Ubuntu 21.10 Impish Indri with plenty of big changes namely the Linux 5.13 kernel and GNOME 40. This update also fixes a really annoying Firefox issue, in previous Ubuntu releases it took days for Firefox to receive the latest updates but now the browser is packaged as a snap managed directly by Mozilla and Canonical so it’ll be updated quickly.

          The new Linux 5.13 kernel introduces support for more hardware. Notable in this update is support for newer Intel and AMD chips such as Intel Alder Lake S or AMD Aldebaran, support for Microsoft Surface devices has been improved and rudimentary support for Apple M1 is available. If you had hardware issues with Ubuntu in the past, trying Ubuntu 21.10 may see your issue resolved.

        • Canonical unveils Ubuntu 21.10

          Ubuntu 21.10 adds GCC 11, PHP 8, Gnome 40, WSLg, and a range of Ubuntu Docker container images, according to Rob Gibbon, product manager at Canonical. Additionally, “there’s Apache Cassandra, packaged both as a Docker container image and as a snap, giving DataOps teams a new option for building and running data-intensive Cassandra clusters.”

          Another feature is the new GCC 11, which Canonical called the de facto C/C++ compiler. Improved static code analysis capabilities have been added to automatically detect vulnerabilities and help developers gain better code security insights earlier in the development cycle, the company said.

        • Ubuntu 21.10 wants to make cloud-native app development easier for all
        • Ubuntu 21.10 is Available Now! Finally Brings the Much Awaited GNOME 40 With Ubuntu Twist – It’s FOSS News

          Ubuntu 21.10 is the last non-LTS release before the next big LTS update. Codenamed, Impish Indri, Ubuntu 21.10 will be supported for nine months until July 2022.

          Unless you want to try the latest and greatest features, you should stick to Ubuntu 20.04 LTS and wait for Ubuntu 22.04 LTS.

          Now that you can download and install Ubuntu 21.10 on your systems, let me highlight a few things about this update.

        • Ubuntu 21.10 ‘Impish Indri’ is Available for Download, Here’s What’s New

          The wait is over. The brand new release of Ubuntu 21.10 ‘Impish Indri’ has hit the download mirrors. Let’s check out what’s new!

          Ubuntu 21.10 is a regular short term release that will be supported for nine months. It doesn’t sound like a lot but remember you will be able to upgrade to Ubuntu 22.04 next April and that is supported for at least 5 years.

        • Ubuntu 21.10 Releases Impish Indris On Desktops Everywhere

          Ubuntu is a popular choice for both new and seasoned Linux users and with Ubuntu 21.10 we see a new shell, Gnome 40, which starts up with a new Activities view rather than a blank desktop. The favorites bar is now at the bottom of the screen, and looks more like a Mac OS dock than ever. The app launcher slides in from the left of the screen (but this can be tweaked), with the workspaces – virtual desktops – turned into thumbnails while you’re using it. Rounded corners are also noticeable on windows, Gnome apps, and the workspace switcher.

          Workspaces themselves have moved from a vertical to a horizontal design, and there are new touchpad gestures and keyboard shortcuts for navigating them. Security is enhanced by a clever new randomisation of the kernel stack in memory at each system-call entry on both the amd64 and arm64 architectures with, it is claimed, a minimal impact on performance. Kernel Electric Fence, a runtime memory error detector, is also supported.

        • Ubuntu 21.10 brings GNOME 40 debut and a focus on devs

          Ubuntu 21.10 comes out today, an interim release with nine months of support, and the first to use GNOME 40 for the desktop.

          The Ubuntu release cycle delivers a new LTS (Long Term Support) version every two years, the next one being 22.04 in April. This means that 21.10 is a handy preview of features that may not get production use until 22.04.

        • Ubuntu 21.10 is Now Available to Download

          Ubuntu 21.10 comes crammed with six months worth of changes including the GNOME 40 desktop, a new GTK theme, a Firefox Snap app by default, PulseAudio 15, and Linux 5.13 to name but a few.

          This release — the 35th Ubuntu release for those keeping count — is backed by 9 months of security updates, critical fixes, and select software updates. If you install 21.10 (or upgrade to it from Ubuntu 21.04) you can upgrade to Ubuntu 22.04 LTS next April — a release supported for at least five years.

        • How to Upgrade to Ubuntu 21.10 Right Now

          Ubuntu 21.10 ‘Impish Indri’ has just been released. If you are using Ubuntu 21.04, you should be provided the option to upgrade to Ubuntu 21.10.
          However, this roll out will be gradual. This means not everyone will be notified about the availability of the new version immediately. It may take a couple of weeks before you see the upgrade option.

          But what if you are itching to get your hands on Ubuntu 21.10 that comes with GNOME 40 and other new features? Do you really have to wait? The answer is no.

        • Ubuntu 21.10 ‘Impish Indri’ is out now with GNOME 40, Kernel 5.13 | GamingOnLinux

          After another 6 months of hard work following the Ubuntu 21.04 release, Ubuntu 21.10 is out now with it being supported until July 2022. If you want long-term support (LTS), you’re best sticking with Ubuntu 20.04.3 LTS but there will be another LTS release in April 2022.

        • Ubuntu 21.10 Official Flavors Released, Here’s What’s New

          The official Ubuntu flavors released as part of Ubuntu 21.10 include Kubuntu 21.10, Xubuntu 21.10, Lubuntu 21.10, Ubuntu Studio 21.10, Ubuntu MATE 21.10, Ubuntu Budgie 21.10, and Ubuntu Kylin 21.10. As expected, they come with all the internal changes of Ubuntu 21.10, such as the Linux 5.13 kernel and updated toolchain, as well as…

          Kubuntu 21.10 features the latest KDE Plasma 5.22 desktop environment by default, namely Plasma 5.22.5, which is accompanied by the KDE Gear 21.08.1 and KDE Frameworks 5.86 software suites, Latte Dock 0.10, and Qt 5.15.2. Ubuntu Studio 21.10 also features the KDE Plasma 5.22 desktop environment, but with a different layout and a more darkish theme by default.

        • Ubuntu 21.10 Impish Indri Now Available for Download. This is What’s new

          The final release of 2021 for Ubuntu – Ubuntu 21.10 Impish Indri is here, and we round up the release in this page.

        • Ubuntu 21.10 Released With GNOME 40 Desktop, Many Underlying Improvements

          Ubuntu 21.10 “Impish Indri” is now officially available as the latest six-month update to Ubuntu Linux and also serving as the last release prior to the next long-term support cycle, Ubuntu 22.04 LTS.

          Ubuntu 21.10 brings a wide variety of improvements, most notably on the desktop side switching to GNOME Shell 40 and offering many improvements there including some theme refinements. There are also many underlying improvements to enjoy with Ubuntu 21.10, like what gets us excited about kernel and compiler upgrades along with other notable package version bumps.

        • Ubuntu Unity 21.10 Released to Keep the Unity7 Desktop Alive in 2021

          Ubuntu Unity 21.10 is here today as part of the upcoming Ubuntu 21.10 “Impish Indri” release, but Ubuntu Unity still doesn’t have the “official flavor” status. However, that shouldn’t stop you from using this great distribution on your personal computer if you still want to use the Unity desktop environment in 2021.

          This release still uses the old Unity7 interface rather than the upcoming UnityX 10 desktop that the Ubuntu Unity team is developing for some time now as the successor of Unity7, which received new and updated indicators, and saw the migration of the glib-2.0 schemas to gsettings-ubuntu-schemas.

        • Ubuntu 21.10 brings GNOME 40, Linux 5.13, and more

          The latest version of Ubuntu is here, and Ubuntu 21.10 “Impish Indri” brings a number of updates to the core of the popular Linux distribution including a newer kernel, an updated desktop environment, and many other improvements.

          While Ubuntu 21.10 will only be officially supported for 9 months, it paves the way Ubuntu 22.04 LTS, which is arriving in April. As a long term support release, Ubuntu 22.04 will be supported at least until 2032.

        • Canonical Launches Ubuntu 21.10 With Few Surprises

          Canonical on Thursday released Ubuntu 21.10, Impish Indri. The new version of its flagship OS has a heavy focus on cloud-native, AI/ML, and Ubuntu developers on Windows.

          This is not a major distro upgrade. Rather, it is a holding action that is not a long-term release either. Nonetheless, Ubuntu 21.10 does play catch up with the latest Wayland improvements and GNOME 40 — finally.

          The cloud-native and underbelly improvements add considerable zest to Ubuntu 21.10’s productivity and performance ratings, however. That is not a bad assessment for an otherwise minor upgrade release.

        • Download Ubuntu Linux 21.10 Impish Indri

          Is Ubuntu the best Linux-based operating system? That is a matter of opinion, but I would say no. While it is a great OS, there are other distributions that are arguably better. Is Ubuntu the most popular Linux distro? Not likely. These days, it isn’t even in top five on DistroWatch.

          With all of that said, new Ubuntu releases still seem to generate the most excitement in the Linux community. This is partly due to Ubuntu’s name recognition, but also, there are many great distributions based on Ubuntu, such as Linux Mint, Pop!_OS, and elementary OS to name a few. Let us not forget the excellent official flavors of Ubuntu, such as the KDE Plasma-focused Kubuntu.

        • Ubuntu 21.10 “Impish Indri” Is Now Available for Download, This Is What’s New

          Dubbed as the “Impish Indri,” Ubuntu 21.10 has been in development for the past six months and comes as an upgrade to the Ubuntu 21.04 “Hiruste Hippo” release, which will reach end of life on January 2022. Ubuntu 21.10 is supported for the next nine months, until July 2022, so it’s the obvious upgrade choice.

          The biggest new feature of Ubuntu 21.10 “Impish Indri” is the GNOME 40 desktop environment. This is the first Ubuntu release to ship with a complete GNOME 40 desktop, as the Ubuntu 21.04 release only offered GNOME 40 apps on top of the GNOME 3.38 desktop environment.

        • Ubuntu MATE 21.10 Release Notes

          The significant change in Ubuntu MATE 21.10 is the introduction of MATE Desktop 1.26.0 ✨ which was 18 months in the making. Thanks to the optimisations in MATE Desktop 1.26, Ubuntu MATE 21.10 is faster and leaner.

          Here are the highlights of what’s changed since the release of Hirsute Hippo.

        • You Can Now Upgrade Ubuntu 21.04 to Ubuntu 21.10, Here’s How

          Dubbed Impish Indri, Ubuntu 21.10 introduces several new features and improvements, such as Linux kernel 5.13 for better hardware support, GNOME 40 desktop environment, Wayland session enabled for NVIDIA GPU users, as well as updated apps and internals with the most recent GNU/Linux technologies.

          Ubuntu 21.04 “Hirsute Hippo” is supported for only nine months, until January 2022, so you might want to upgrade to a new release, Ubuntu 21.10 in this case, which is supported for another nine months, until July 2022.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Productivity Software/LibreOffice/Calligra

        • LibreOffice 7.2.2 Community Released with 68 Bug Fixes, Update Now

          The LibreOffice 7.2 office suite was released in mid-August 2021 with many new features and improvements for all of its core components, including Writer, Calc, Impress & Draw, Math, and Chart, native support for Apple M1 machines, as well as improved interoperability with the MS Office document formats.

          LibreOffice 7.2.2 is here about a month after the LibreOffice 7.2.1 point release to fix even more bugs and security issues. According to the RC1 and RC2 changelogs, there are a total of 68 bug fixes, so you should update your installations as soon as possible.

        • The Document Foundation announces LibreOffice 7.2.2 Community

          The Document Foundation announces LibreOffice 7.2.2 Community, the second minor release of the LibreOffice 7.2 family targeted at technology enthusiasts and power users, which is available for download from https://www.libreoffice.org/download/. This version includes 68 bug fixes and improvements to document compatibility.

          LibreOffice 7.2.1 Community is also available for Apple Silicon from this link: https://download.documentfoundation.org/libreoffice/stable/7.2.2/mac/aarch64/.

          For enterprise-class deployments, TDF strongly recommends the LibreOffice Enterprise family of applications from ecosystem partners, with long-term support options, professional assistance, custom features and Service Level Agreements: https://www.libreoffice.org/download/libreoffice-in-business/.

          LibreOffice Community and the LibreOffice Enterprise family of products are based on the LibreOffice Technology platform, the result of years of development efforts with the objective of providing a state of the art office suite not only for the desktop but also for mobile and the cloud.

      • Programming/Development

        • Qt Creator 6 Beta Released With Updated C++ Code Model, Binaries Built Against Qt 6.2 – Phoronix

          With Qt 6.2 LTS having shipped at the end of September, The Qt Company is now turning their attention to Qt Creator 6 as the next version of their Qt/C++ focused integrated development environment.

          Qt Creator 6.0 Beta is out this morning as the first public test release of this Qt/C++ IDE. Qt Creator 6 Beta has moved launching of external processes to a separate server process for better handling on Linux and the C++ code model is re-based to that from LLVM 13.

        • Qt Creator 6 Beta released
        • 5 common bugs in C programming and how to fix them | Opensource.com

          Even the best programmers can create programming bugs. Depending on what your program does, these bugs could introduce security vulnerabilities, cause the program to crash, or create unexpected behavior.

          The C programming language sometimes gets a bad reputation because it is not memory safe like more recent programming languages, including Rust. But with a little extra code, you can avoid the most common and most serious C programming bugs.

        • Steinar H. Gunderson: Apache bug with mpm-itk

          It seems there’s a bug in Apache 2.4.49 (or newer) and mpm-itk; any forked child will segfault instead of exiting cleanly. This is, well, aesthetically not nice, and also causes problems with exit hooks for certain modules not being run.

        • Python

          • [Older] Creating a Python Makefile – Earthly Blog

            Even though Python is regarded as an interpreted language and the files need not be compiled separately, many developers are unaware that you can still use make to automate different parts of developing a Python project, like running tests, cleaning builds, and installing dependencies. It’s honestly an underutilized function, and by integrating it into your routine, you can save time and avoid errors.

            make is a commonplace tool in the world of software development, especially compiled languages like C or C++. It is a tool which controls the generation of executable and other non-source files from a program’s source file. It can automate the process of building software by tracking its dependencies and compiling the program only when the dependencies change.

        • Rust

  • Leftovers

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Security

          • Security updates for Thursday

            Security updates have been issued by Mageia (golang, grilo, mediawiki, plib, python-flask-restx, python-mpmath, thunderbird, and xstream/xmlpull/mxparser), Oracle (389-ds-base, grafana, httpd:2.4, kernel, libxml2, and openssl), Red Hat (httpd), and SUSE (kernel).

    • Monopolies

      • Copyrights

        • The Dust That Measures All Our Time – The Public Domain Review

          From the mythical Sandman, who participates in dream and vision, to an irritating grain lodged in the beachgoer’s eye, sand harbours unappreciated power, however mundane. Steven Connor celebrates this “most untrustworthy” type of matter.

        • Cloudflare Isn’t Liable for Sites That Hawk Counterfeits | WIRED

          Cloudflare was sued in November 2018 by Mon Cheri Bridals and Maggie Sottero Designs, two wedding dress manufacturers and sellers that alleged Cloudflare was guilty of contributory copyright infringement because it didn’t terminate services for websites that infringed on the dressmakers’ copyrighted designs….

          [Judge] Chhabria noted that the dressmakers have been harmed “by the proliferation of counterfeit retailers that sell knock-off dresses using the plaintiffs’ copyrighted images” and that they have “gone after the infringers in a range of actions, but to no avail — every time a website is successfully shut down, a new one takes its place.” Chhabria continued, “In an effort to more effectively stamp out infringement, the plaintiffs now go after a service common to many of the infringers: Cloudflare. The plaintiffs claim that Cloudflare contributes to the underlying copyright infringement by providing infringers with caching, content delivery, and security services. Because a reasonable jury could not — at least on this record — conclude that Cloudflare materially contributes to the underlying copyright infringement, the plaintiffs’ motion for summary judgment is denied and Cloudflare’s motion for summary judgment is granted.”

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DecorWhat Else is New


  1. Links 28/11/2021: Laravel 8.73 Released, GitHub Offline for Hours

    Links for the day



  2. IRC Proceedings: Saturday, November 27, 2021

    IRC logs for Saturday, November 27, 2021



  3. Links 27/11/2021: Nvidia’s DLSS Hype and Why GNU/Linux Matters

    Links for the day



  4. [Meme] Linus Gabriel Sebastian Takes GNU/Linux for a (Tail)'Spin'

    If you’re trying to prove that GNU/Linux is NOT Windows, then “haha! Well done…”



  5. GNU/Linux is for Freedom and It'll Gain Many Users When (or Where) People Understand What Software (or Computing) Freedom Means

    Software that respects people's freedom (and by extension privacy as well) is an alluring proposition; those who choose to try GNU/Linux for the wrong reasons are likely the wrong target audience for advocates



  6. Amid Reports of Microsoft's Competition Crimes in Europe...

    European companies are complaining, but they seem to overlook the principal aspect of an imperialistic system with bottomless pockets (almost 30 trillion dollars in debt already; US national debt soared again last month); Microsoft is shielded by a political system with military (“defence”) as bailout budget to help cushion international expansion for data grab and technical leverage, as we've seen in the case of EPO (this is all political, not technical, and should thus be treated as a political/corruption issue)



  7. Is Linus Trolling the GNU/Linux Community?

    This new video responds to what many sites have been provoked into amplifying



  8. Links 27/11/2021: Tux Paint 0.9.27 and SeaMonkey 1.1.19 in EasyOS

    Links for the day



  9. [Meme] Keeping Our Distance From Microsoft

    The OSI is the dagger, the Linux Foundation is the knife, and many others are the sword by which Microsoft tries to get into the very heart of GNU/Linux and extinguish the Free software movement



  10. Microsoft Edge Encourages Indebted Americans to Guilt-spend Just in Time for Christmas

    Guest post by Ryan, reprinted with permission



  11. IRC Proceedings: Friday, November 26, 2021

    IRC logs for Friday, November 26, 2021



  12. 38+ Years of GNU and 19+ Years of FSF Associate Membership

    “On November 25, 2002,” Wikipedia notes, “the FSF launched the FSF Associate Membership program for individuals.” As the above video points out, it all started almost 40 years ago.



  13. Gemini as a Platform for Gamers

    Contrary to what people often assume (or are led to assume), even without client-side scripting Gemini can accomplish a great deal; early adopters, many of whom are technical, test the limits of the very minimalistic (by design and intention) specification



  14. Improved Workflows: Achievement Unlocked

    Today we've completed a bunch of small projects that can make us more efficient (e.g. more Daily Links per day, more articles); the above video was recorded many hours ago to accompany the outline below



  15. Links 26/11/2021: New Complaint About Microsoft Competition Crimes in Europe, EuroLinux 8.5, GhostBSD 21.11.24, and Kiwi TCMS 10.5 Released

    Links for the day



  16. Links 26/11/2021: F35 Elections, Whonix 16.0.3.7, OSMC's November Refresh With Kodi 19.3

    Links for the day



  17. IRC Proceedings: Thursday, November 25, 2021

    IRC logs for Thursday, November 25, 2021



  18. IRC Proceedings: Wednesday, November 24, 2021

    IRC logs for Wednesday, November 24, 2021



  19. Links 25/11/2021: PHP 8.1.0 Released and Linux 5.15.5

    Links for the day



  20. IBM as Master of Hypocrisy

    Free software projects and Free software developers have long been humiliated by corporations of Western misogynists, falsely claiming that the Free software community isn’t inclusive enough (these are shameless projection tactics; as a matter of public record, the exact opposite is true) and even the eradication of supposedly offensive language isn’t something IBM takes seriously



  21. Links 25/11/2021: LibreOffice 7.2.3 and Mesa 21.2.6 Released

    Links for the day



  22. [Meme] So Desperate That Edge Cannot Even Exceed 4% That They Block Rival Web Browsers

    Linux/Android/Free Software/GNU (they go by very many names/brands) may continue to grow to the point where Windows is as irrelevant as Blackberry; this means that Microsoft’s grip on the Web too has slipped — to the point where Microsoft frantically uses 'bailout' money to hijack LinkedIn, GitHub, etc. (it also rebrands almost everything as "Azure" or clown to fake a perception of growth)



  23. Windows Vista Service Pack 11 (Vista 11) Has Failed to Curb the Growth of GNU/Linux

    Windows market share continues to decrease in spite of billions of dollars spent bribing the media for fake hype, especially in light of a new Windows Service Pack (SP), Vista SP 11



  24. Links 25/11/2021: Proton 6.3-8 and Linux Mint Compared to Ubuntu

    Links for the day



  25. 3.5 Years Later the 'Master' of Fedora is Still Microsoft and IBM Cannot Be Bothered to Alter Git Branch Names (Refuting or Ignoring Its Very Own Directive About Supposedly Racially-Insensitive Terms)

    Today we demonstrate the hypocrisy of IBM; years after telling us that we should shun the term "master" and repeatedly insisting it had a racist connotation at least 65 Fedora repositories, still controlled by Microsoft, still use "master"



  26. Changing the Arrangement While News is a Bit Slow(er)

    I've made it easier for myself to keep abreast of things like IRC channels and networks (incidentally, a day ago Freenode reopened to anonymous logins) and I've improved monitoring of the Web sites, Gemini capsule etc. (this video is unplanned and improvised)



  27. Links 24/11/2021: Alpine Linux 3.15 and Endless OS 4.0 Released

    Links for the day



  28. [Meme] Jimmy Zemlin Loves Microsoft

    It’s funny, isn’t it? Lying for a living and sucking up to the liars pays off; you get to plunder actual Linux users while leaving Linux morally and financially bankrupt



  29. Links 24/11/2021: PHP Foundation and Flatpak Criticisms

    Links for the day



  30. IRC Proceedings: Tuesday, November 23, 2021

    IRC logs for Tuesday, November 23, 2021


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