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Links 04/12/2022: Fosshost Shudown and OpenIndiana Hipster 2022.10

  • GNU/Linux

    • H2S Media5 Reasons, why Hackers Use Kali Linux? - Linux Shout

      Kali is the most popular and commonly used Linux by hackers to perform penetration testing or hacking. However, nowadays “hackers” term is not only used for the wrong group of people to perform “Black hat hacking”. There are ethical hackers those do white hat hacking to find out the security loopholes and make our system more secure and better.

      Hence, Kali Linux distribution is widely used specialized Linux for security and penetration testing of IT systems. Out of the box, Kali Linux which is based on Debian offers numerous tools to perform various hacking and testing tasks.

      For the Desktop interface by default, KALI uses XFCE, however, GNOME & KDE are also available. It is an open-source project, developed by Offensive Security, and is aimed primarily at professional users but can also be used by private individuals.

      Earlier Kali Linux was known as BackTrack. It can be booted into a virtual machine and installed on a 32-bit or 64-bit x86 system as well as on computers with ARM architecture.

      Even the single-board computer Raspberry Pi can also be operated with the Kali distribution. For some Android-based devices, the penetration testing platform NetHunter exists, which originated from Kali Linux.

    • Bleeping ComputerOpen source software host Fosshost shutting down as CEO unreachable
    • Linux LinksLinux Around The World: USA - North Dakota - LinuxLinks

      We cover events and user groups that are running in the US state of North Dakota. This article forms part of our Linux Around The World series.

    • Linux Made SimpleLinux Weekly Roundup #212

      Welcome to this week's Linux Weekly Roundup. We had these releases this week; NixOS 22.11, PCLinuxOS 2022.11.30, ArcoLinux 22.12.02, OpenIndiana 2022.10, Linux Mint 21.1 Beta, and KDE neon 20221202.

    • Audiocasts/Shows

    • Kernel Space

      • LinuxLinux 6.1-rc8
        So we've finally started calming down, and rc8 is noticeably smaller
        than previous release candidates.

        So everything looks good, and while the calming down may have happened later than I wished for, it did happen. Let's hope this upcoming week is as quiet (or quieter).

        The changes here are few enough that scanning through the shortlog below should give you an idea of what's been going on, but it's basically small changes spread all over. Nothing particularly stands out to me.

        I'm also happy to see that I already have a few pull requests scheduled for when the 6.2 merge window opens up, so some people are being proactive and want to have everything already lined up for a calm holiday season. Hint, hint.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • ID RootHow To Install Drupal on Rocky Linux 9 - idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Drupal on Rocky Linux 9. For those of you who didn’t know, Drupal is a powerful content management system that can help you grow revenue and establish long-term loyalty with your customers by having a fast and reliable website. Drupal provides a robust content management tool with sophisticated APIs for multichannel publishing.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Drupal Content Management System on Rocky Linux. 9.

      • Make Use OfHow to Install Ubuntu on VMware Workstation

        Ubuntu is one of the most popular Linux distributions out there. Even if you are a Windows user, you may have heard of Ubuntu and its features from your peers. It has lower system requirements than Windows and can help you re-purpose your old PC.

        But what if you don’t want to install it directly on your machine? We understand your skepticism about trying out a new operating system which is why you can try Ubuntu on a virtual machine. Here's how you can install Ubuntu on VMware.

      • Ubuntu Pit17 Best Tips To Speed Up Your Ubuntu Linux [Ed: Not new but newly updated]

        Ubuntu Linux is a polished Debian-based Linux distro; however, you may start to experience some system lag days after installation. There are many reasons this might happen. If you want to speed up your Ubuntu desktop performance, then follow these simple tips and tweaks. These tips will help you smooth out your system performance so that you can do your regular tasks more easily. You don’t have to follow all of the tips, but even just a few of them will make a big difference in the overall performance of your Ubuntu system.

      • Linux Made SimpleHow to install Jelly Drift on a Chromebook

        Today we are looking at how to install Jelly Drift on a Chromebook.

        If you have any questions, please contact us via a Rumble comment and we would be happy to assist you!

        This tutorial will only work on Chromebooks with an Intel or AMD CPU (with Linux Apps Support) and not those with an ARM64 architecture CPU.

      • Ubuntu HandbookPyCharm 2022.3 Released! How to Install in Ubuntu 22.04 | 20.04 | UbuntuHandbook

        PyCharm Python IDE 2022.3 was finally released a few days ago. Here are the new features and how to guide for installing it in Ubuntu Linux.

      • Major HaydenClocks in multiple time zones with i3status

        Many of my coworkers are on Central European Time (CET) and they’re seven hours ahead of me (most of the time). Then there are those weird times of year where they move their clocks for Daylight Savings Time before we do in the USA.

      • The New StackKubernetes 101: Install Kubernetes on Rocky Linux - The New Stack

        Kubernetes is an incredibly powerful container orchestrator that can deploy and manage containerized applications at scale with more power and flexibility than any other tool on the market.

        Thing is, Kubernetes is hard. Really hard. With so many moving pieces, developing an application or service to be deployed to a Kubernetes cluster can be an overwhelming challenge. It takes a lot of skill and patience to get this right.

        Given that Kubernetes container development itself is such a challenge, you probably don’t want to have to deal with yet more obstacles to get things up and running. Guess what, installing Kubernetes on a Linux server isn’t exactly the easiest thing either.

        Once upon a time, it was much simpler, thanks to distributions like Ubuntu and the Docker container runtime. However, the Kubernetes team decided to strip Docker support from Kubernetes, which makes using it on some operating systems a bit more challenging. Kubernetes is an open source project of the Cloud Native Computing Foundation.

    • Games

  • Distributions and Operating Systems

    • Reviews

      • Boiling SteamHP Dev One Laptop with Pop!_OS: The Definitive Review - Boiling Steam

        So I got this shiny new piece of hardware from HP, the HP Dev One laptop. A mobile workstation that ships directly with Linux, in this case Pop!_OS (yes, this is the right spelling). I won’t do any kind of unboxing because I care very little about packaging that gets disposed anyway. What really matters is how solid the product is, and if you can use it to good effect. Let’s dive into it!

    • New Releases

      • NomadBSD 131R-20221130 is now available!

        We are pleased to present the release of NomadBSD 131R-20221130.

      • OpenIndiana Hipster 2022.10 is here - openindiana

        As you may already have noticed we have released new ISO and USB images for OpenIndiana Hipster some days ago. As usual we have received many updates via illumos-gate, eg. the latest Intel and AMD CPU microcode updates, the latest time zone changes and lots of enhancements for BHyVe and the internal SMB server.

    • Debian Family

      • Daniel PocockIncinerated workers & Debian unhealthy culture

        In June, a worker at the Caterpillar factory fell into a tank of molten iron and was instantly incinerated. Health and Safety inspectors were quick to determine that the lack of guard rails was an obvious factor in the death.

        Earlier this year I explored the huge volumes of email experienced by Frans Pop before the Debian.Day suicide. Like the Caterpillar forge, debian-private and Debian in general lacks guard rails.

        Thinking about the Shaya Potter incident in 1998, I decided to do the same thing that I did for Frans Pop and chart the email volumes on debian-private in the twelve months leading up to Potter's mistakes.

        Potter appears to be quite a brilliant developer. Reading through his history, I could only empathize with his story. Potter was selected for an elite internship at the Naval Research Laboratory while still in the middle of high school. Back in 1995, the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) had selected twenty high school students to spend a week at the Australian Defence Force Academy (ADFA) in Canberra. They gave us nice certificates.

        I wanted to know more about Potter's story: what really happened here? So I did the same thing that I did for Frans Pop. Here is the chart, it shows that email volumes on debian-private were steadily growing at the time that Potter made these mistakes. There is a lack of guard rails.

    • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

      • 9to5LinuxFirst Look at Linux Mint 21.1 Beta with the Cinnamon 5.6 Desktop Environment - 9to5Linux

        The beta version of the upcoming Linux Mint 21.1 “Vera” distribution release is here and it comes with the latest Cinnamon 5.6 desktop environment, so I took it for a quick test drive to see what’s new.

        Linux Mint 21.1 “Vera” is the second release in the Linux Mint 21 series, which is derived from the upstream Ubuntu 22.04 LTS (Jammy Jellyfish) operating system and powered by the long-term supported Linux 5.15 LTS kernel. This series will receive security updates until 2027.

        Linux Mint 21.1 is slated for release this Christmas, but we don’t have an official date set in stone, so it will be out when it’s ready. For now, all we have is the beta version, which started appearing earlier today through various of Linux Mint’s mirrors around the globe. An official announcement for the beta release will be made by the Linux Mint team when all mirrors are synced with the main download server.

      • OMG UbuntuLinux Mint 21.1 Beta is Available to Download - OMG! Ubuntu!

        A brand new beta build of Linux Mint 21.1 “Vera” is available to download.

        Linux Mint 21.1 beta builds are up on the Linux Mint servers for download, though the milestone is yet to be “officially” announced. This beta is in advance of a planned stable release later this month. It is still based on the Ubuntu 22.04 LTS release, albeit with scores of home-grown software on top.

        As updates go, Linux Mint 21.1 isn’t the biggest one Mint has put out. “Vera” is more of a collection of iterative improvements rather than a mass of major new ones — exactly as most point releases are.

        At the heart of Linux Mint 21.1 is Cinnamon 5.6. This is the latest stable release of the nimble (and rather traditional) Cinnamon desktop environment. It offers a few new features, including the new Corner Bar applet we wrote about last month. Corner Bar is enabled by default, and lets you click the end of the panel to instantly hide all windows and show the desktop.

      • DebugPointLinux Mint 21.1 beta is now available for testing

        Linux Mint 21.1 is the first point release of the 21 series and will be released before Christmas this year. Codenamed "Vera", which was announced a few weeks back, is now available for beta testing.

        The beta testing is expected to continue for at least a week before the final release. Since it is the first point, the feature list is not at that higher end. But some significant updates are arriving in the final release.

        Here's what's new.

      • OMG UbuntuXubuntu 23.04 Adds PipeWire & Flatpak to Default Install

        Both PipeWire, the newer and less buggy multimedia stack, and Flatpak, the sandboxed package management, have been adopted by Ubuntu’s lightweight sibling. Other Ubuntu flavours adopted PipeWire during the 22.10 cycle, and Ubuntu MATE added native Flatpak support in its 22.04 LTS release.

        In the December development update Xubuntu’s Sean Davis explains: “PipeWire has been reported to improve many of the issues users have with PulseAudio, including high CPU usage and Bluetooth connection issues. Xubuntu 23.04 adds PipeWire, WirePlumber, and the Bluetooth connection libraries.”

        And having used the tech on Ubuntu (and other distros) a fair bit I have to say, anecdotal though it is, I’m yet to encounter any major hiccups, drop-outs, or codec issues.

  • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

    • Programming/Development

      • Jussi PakkanenNibble Stew: Color management, this time with PDF

        In previous posts the topic of color management in Cairo was examined. Since then people have told me a few things about the issue. According to them (and who am I do to proper background research and fact checking, I'm just someone writing on the Internet) there are a few fundamental problems with Cairo. The main one is that Cairo's imaging model is difficult to implement in GPU shaders. It also is (again, according to Internet rumors) pretty much impossible to make work with wide gamut and HDR content.

        Dealing with all that and printing (which is what I was originally interested in) seems like a too large a mouthful to swallow. One thing lead to another and thus in the spirit of Bender, I wrote my own color managed PDF generator library. It does not try to do any imaging or such, just exposes the functionality that is in the PDF image and document model directly. This turned out to take surprisingly little work because this is a serialization/deserialization problem rather than an image processing one. You just dump the draw commands and pixels to a file and let the PDF viewer take care of showing them.

  • Leftovers

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • Ubuntu PitHow To Stop Being Addicted To My Phone?

        Being addicted to one’s smartphone has now become a global problem. Eventually, psychologists have tracked down a new psychological disorder named nomophobia which refers to the fear of being without a smartphone. This problem is mostly seen in teenagers and young people. Eventually, most adults nowadays face problems in their work and productivity just for their smartphone addiction. As a result, the question of how to stop being addicted to my phone is now a global question.

        However, there are many different ways you can follow to get rid of your phone addiction. We will talk about them briefly in this content. While most solutions are regarding self-control, there is a technical way to overcome it. And it’s all about the apps that help overcome phone addiction. So, our focus will be learning about those besides getting some tips to get rid of this problem.

    • Security

      • Eric HameleersNew update for Chromium to address 0-day exploit | Alien Pastures

        Earlier last week Google released 108.0.5359.71. On friday, I had finally built and uploaded Slackware packages for this, when they released a quick fix to plug an already actively exploited hole (CVE-2022-4262).


        Chromium packages for Slackware 15.0 and -current will of course keep coming.

      • Qubes Canary 033 | Qubes OS

        We have published Qubes Canary 033. The text of this canary is reproduced below.

        This canary and its accompanying signatures will always be available in the Qubes security pack (qubes-secpack).

  • Gemini* and Gopher

    • Personal

      • Para-bishops and the infinite-dimensional chessboard

        If you have learnt chess, you would have learnt that bishops have a particular handicap that no other piece has: it cannot visit every square on the board. In particular, given that the board is chequered as it is in a FIDE chessboard, a bishop is limited to half the squares on a board: if it started on a white square, it cannot move to a black square, and vice-versa. It is because of this that pieces that cannot see all the squares on a board are called colourbound.

      • 🔤SpellBinding: AUILMTH Wordo: LULLS
      • Planescape is in your head

        The good kind of prep is when I start with a one page dungeon or something similar, add monsters, roll for treasure, get inspired, start scribbling, run out of space, add more paper… let the dungeon flow!

    • Technical

      • Reinventing How We Use Computers

        Nearly two years ago, I put into words the dream I had for a durable computer. A computer that would be built for a lifetime. A computer that would not do everything but could do 80% of what I expect from it. I called this idea the Forever Computer.

      • Hey Debian, How Can I Help?

        I'm running Debian Testing on some computers here at home, and I'm well aware that it means that stuff breaks every now and then. That's fine. I just wish there was something I could do beyond waiting for a fix.

        My latest example is the Raspberry Pi I have connected to my TV. With the latest update Xorg broke because it depends on fbturbo, which is only available in the stable repo with a version that in turn depends on an older version of another package. To clarify the dependency issue is something like this: package P has been updated to 1.1, but package Q depends on the 1.0 version of P.

      • What happened to mobile as a platform? (A Rant)

        So my partner switched over to android after the final straw of dealing with the Apple ecosystem. (It was too difficult to do anything beyond explicitly what they ask of you, and they moved to Linux a few months prior which added to the frustration). They were lying in bed when they asked me "what are some fun mobile games?"

      • Cutting off unnecessary complexity

        So I've been meaning to get Monica-CRM ( up and running for a few months, because I like the idea of a personal CRM and have a way to nurture my relationships. However, I've run out of patience with it this weekend.

      • Re: Gemini and the Golden Age of Air Travel

        My original narration was moved a bit. I was writing about a barrier that in my opinion is set by the knowledge required to participate in the Geminispace. So reading could be easy because it is possible to use a HTTP proxy. But every aspect besides that could be a high cliff for an average newcomer. In the world of the so-called modern browser, which had rid of a protocol name from the address bar, a gemini:// prefix could be mysterious. The concept of certificates, despite it's explored also by big tech companies, could be a question. Understanding the base idea of publishing easiness, that it so a simple text protocol and you put only a text file on the Internet, sounds like black magic when people publish every information in WWW by web applications. And of course, most utilities are outside the seen world of an average user, who can't operate on a text file through the net. So... we don't have many gemlogs of young mothers, who are discussing children feeding. But we have many gemlogs which are about programming. And probably in the world are enough young mothers who would want to join here, but? We are in the programmer's bubble. And it's a barrier to joining here.

      • My new fridge choose issue...

        So, actually, I have an issue. I have an old fridge (has about ten years, maybe more, it is a second-hand fridge) with a frost issue in the freezer part (too much frost, maybe I should defrost my fridge more often 😅) and I should change this since about some months (or years, but I have good pretexts to postpone it). I try to do some search, but for the moment, I don't found the good fridge for me, take time to decide, said "yes, but I have to be organized and chose the right moment to do the change". More generally, I have two ways to buy things :

      • Internet/Gemini

        • Server move and new certificates

          I’ve moved and from their home on a DigitalOcean droplet to... a different DigitalOcean droplet, because I realized I had WAY more space allocated than I needed, and it was costing me an extra $24 a year. I mean, I can afford that, but why pay it if I don’t need to?

* Gemini (Primer) links can be opened using Gemini software. It's like the World Wide Web but a lot lighter.

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