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Leftover Links 07/09/2023: Microsoft Admits Azure Got Cracked



  • Leftovers

    • HackadayRoad Salt? Bah! New Roadway Material Promises A Better Solution To Snow And Ice

      If you’ve ever lived somewhere it gets properly cold, you’ll know that winter’s icy grasp brings the inevitable challenge of keeping roadways safe. While road salt and gritting have long been the go-to solutions, their detrimental environmental impact and the potential for infrastructure degradation are well-documented.

    • RFAAs Ghost Month starts in China, officials ban burnt offerings

      Government says the month’s traditions are 'uncivilized,' and people should take better care of the elderly

    • [Repeat] Bruce SchneierInconsistencies in the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS)

      Shedding Light on CVSS Scoring Inconsistencies: A User-Centric Study on Evaluating Widespread Security Vulnerabilities.

    • Consistency of CVSS

      The Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) is a globally known scoring system used by many companies.

      With the help of CVSS, security vulnerabilities are evaluated based on certain metrics – for example, whether or not a user needs to be involved in an attack. CVSS is used to calculate a score between 0 and 10, indicating the severity of the vulnerability.

      However, previous research has shown that scores of different evaluators for the same vulnerability are likely to differ, but little is still known about the factors that influence the scoring. We therefore conducted an empirical study to investigate the consistency of CVSSv3.1.

    • Chris CoyierJulia Evans on Blogging

      If you are considering it, Julia’s other seven myths are right on. You don’t need to be an expert. You don’t need to be original. You don’t have to be comprehensive, consistent, or exciting. You don’t even always have to be right. That describes my blogging journey to a T.

    • Science

    • Education

      • ACLUBack-to-School Basics: Public Schools Are Not Sunday Schools

        As public-school students return to classrooms for the new school year, some could face an unexpected test: religious indoctrination.

        Thanks to various state laws enacted during the 2023 legislative session, some schools could try to impose official prayer, proselytizing, or other religious messages on students. But even if state law purports to allow these activities, the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution does not. Public schools are not Sunday schools, and we’ll be watching to make sure it stays that way.

        Among the top offenders we have our eye on is Texas. Although state lawmakers narrowly failed to enact a bill requiring the display of the Ten Commandments in public-school classrooms, they succeeded in passing a law that authorizes public school districts to employ, or accept as volunteers, chaplains who will “provide support, services, and programs for students.” In a letter sent to every school board throughout Texas, we warned officials that “permitting volunteers to act as chaplains and proselytize students in public schools — let alone employing them — would violate the First Amendment.”

      • The Drone Girl9 best drone books to read on Sept. 6, National Read A Book Day for drone enthusiasts

        National Read a Book Day is observed annually on September 6. In honor of the holiday, we compiled a list of the best drone books for every type of drone enthusiast.

        Whether you are looking for drone-related fiction, training to become a certified pilot or something in between, we have got you covered for the best drone-related books. Grab one, or why not indulge in two, and prepare yourself for National Read a Book Day with this guide to the best drone books.

      • Mat DugganWe need a different name for non-technical tech conferences

        Over the next few days what I was to experience was an event with some fun moments, mostly devoid of any technical discussion whatsoever. Rarely were talks geared towards technical staff, when technical questions came up during the recorded events they were almost never answered. Most importantly there was no presentation I heard that even remotely touched on long-known missing features of GCP when compared to peers or roadmaps. When I asked technical questions, often Google employees would come up to me after the talk with the answer, which I appreciate. But everyone at home and in the future won't get that experience and miss out on the benefit.

      • New York TimesDependence on Tech Caused ‘Staggering’ Education Inequality, U.N. Agency Says

        Heavy reliance on online remote learning during the pandemic drew attention away from more equitable ways of teaching children at home, a UNESCO report says.

    • Hardware

      • Tom's HardwareIntel Foundry Services to Produce Chips for Tower Semiconductor

        IFS to make chips for Tower at Fab 11X in Rio Rancho, New Mexico.

      • Tom's HardwareChinese Netizens Mock U.S. Sanctions Following Huawei Chip Breakthrough

        US sanctions and unintended consequences – China mocks sanctions as Huawei technology looks stronger than ever.

      • The Straits TimesWhat Huawei’s comeback says about US-China tech war

        It raises questions about whether US efforts to contain China’s geopolitical ascent have been effective.

      • Tom's HardwareU.S. Bans Sales of Nvidia's H100, A100 GPUs to Middle East

        U.S. Administration restricts sales of Nvidia's advanced compute GPUs to Middle East to counter re-exports to China.

      • Alan PopeAlan Pope: ThinkPad Z13 SSD replacement

        One thing I’ve loved about ThinkPad laptops for many years, is the upgradability and repairability. Ever since the early days, it’s been possible to noodle around inside a ThinkPad.

        Sadly, some of the modern X1/Ultrabook line, and some others, are less upgradable than previous generations. My year-old ThinkPad Z13 has a few options for noodling around inside though, including storage.

        My Z13 shipped with Ubuntu out of the box. I wanted to try something different, but didn’t want to wipe the OS off the SSD. So I replaced the existing SSD with one of these 256GB Sabrent Rocket NVMe SSD devices for ~€£45.

      • HackadayDowngrade Your Heathkit H8 To The World’s First 8-bit Microprocessor

        Typically when you’re replacing parts in an old computer it’s either for repairs or an upgrade. Upgrades like adding a more capable processor to an old computer are the most common, and can help bring an old computer a bit closer to the modern era. [Dr. Scott M. Baker] had a different idea, when he downgraded a Heathkit H8 from an 8080 to an 8008.

      • HackadayThin Keyboard Fits In Steam Deck Case

        Although some of the first Android-powered smartphones had them and Blackberries were famous for them, physical keyboards on portable electronics like that quickly became a thing of the past. Presumably the cost to manufacture is too high and the margins too low regardless of consumer demand. Whatever the reason, if you want a small keyboard for your portable devices you’ll likely need to make one yourself like [Kārlis] did for the Steam Deck.

      • IT WirePC shipments in Australia, NZ go backwards in second quarter

        The consumer segment of the market fell by 13.6% year-on-year in Australia though the market grew compared to the previous quarter.

        IDC said the commercial segment increased by 2.6% due to increased demand from government and the education sector.

        {loadposition sam08}“Rising interest rates, coupled with increasing living expenses are restricting consumer spending," said Sharmishtha Bhatt, senior researcher, Personal Computing Devices Research, IDC Australia.

      • The Next PlatformJust How Big – Or Small – Is The Quantum Computing Racket?

        There is no question in our minds here at The Next Platform that quantum computing, in some fashion, will be part of the workflow for solving some of the peskiest computational problems the world can think of.

      • Ruben SchadeHardware Unboxed’s podcast, and benchmark misconceptions

        I’m enjoying the new Hardware Unboxed podcast. You can subscribe using the link below, or you can watch on YouTube:

        YouTube channel
        Podcast RSS feed

        I thought they raised a good point about benchmarking:

        I don’t want to make it sound like its rocket science, but benchmarking today is significantly more complex and difficult than it used to be. I don’t mean that “it’s very difficult to run a benchmark” … I mean making sure that the test system is up to date and operating as it should be.

      • 6 Best Programmable & Mechanical Keyboards For Linux (2023 Picks)

        With Windows all keyboards are compatible but most are with Mac as well. If we talk about Linux/Unix then there are few which are compatible with it in which some functions might not work at all or work partially. These are mostly for Ubuntu, CentOS, Debian and even Kali Linux.

      • The Register UKToyota servers ran out of storage, crashed production at 14 plants in Japan

        Toyota has revealed a server running out of disk space after botched maintenance was the cause of an outage that forced it to shut down 14 manufacturing plants across Japan last week.

        “The system malfunction was caused by the unavailability of some multiple servers (sic) that process parts orders,” states a company announcement posted on Wednesday.

      • FuturismToyota Factories Shut Down When Company Runs Out of Disk Space

        In simple terms, the second-biggest carmaker in the world just had to grind production to a halt because it ran out of storage.

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

    • Proprietary/Artificial Intelligence (AI)

      • The VergeGizmodo’s owner replaced its Spanish language journalists with AI

        The GMG Union, represented by the Writer’s Guild of America, East, expressed disappointment over the firing of Gizmodo en Español’s staff.

        “Unfortunately, this move to eliminate the Español team represents yet another broken promise from G/O Media CEO Jim Spanfeller and Editorial Director Merill Brown, who have repeatedly said that the company’s AI experiments were intended to supplement human writing, not replace it,” the union said in a tweet.

      • Matt RickardThe Widgetification of Apple

        I used to be part of these communities, which usually involved modifying Unix window managers and desktop environments to have dynamic information — stats, graphs, scripts, and more. So some thoughts on historically what’s worked well (and not so well) for the widgetification of the desktop.

    • Security

      • Integrity/Availability/Authenticity

        • Cendyne NagaSSO Sloppy, SSO Suspect, SSO Vulnerable

          Single Sign On (SSO) improves security for organizations and org members in their routine access to applications required by their role. While SSO providers resolve many authentication risks with policies and configuration, new forms of phishing through providers is possible, and should be addressed.

        • University of TorontoWhat I understand about two-factor/multi-factor authentication (in 2023)

          I am broadly a MFA (Multi-Factor Authentication) skeptic (cf) and as a result I don't have much exposure to it. For reasons beyond the scope of this entry, I've recently been needing to understand more than usual about how it works from the perspective of people using it, so here is my current understanding of your generally available non-hardware options that can be used in a desktop environment (security keys are out of scope).

          There are three generally available and used approaches to MFA at the moment: SMS, time-based one time passwords (TOTP), and what I've heard called 'push-based approval' using smartphone apps. Of these, I believe that TOTP is the most popular, and a place that simply talks about 'MFA' is probably talking about TOTP MFA authentication, especially if they say they support multiple smartphone apps.

      • Privacy/Surveillance

        • OpenRightsGroupGovernment admits Spy Clause can’t be used safely

          Open Rights Group has responded to a report that the Government has conceded that it will not use powers to scan private messages until it is “technically feasible” to do so.

        • Patrick BreyerMore than 100,000 EU citizens call for better protection of their health data – and their voices are heard in Brussels

          In their open letter, the signatories demand respect for the confidentiality of their medical records,[1] and in particular call for a requirement to obtain the explicit consent of patients before their health data is shared to be used for other purposes. So far, the negotiators in the European Parliament are only proposing a right to object (opt-out).

          MEP Patrick Breyer (Pirate Party), who is co-negotiating the proposal on behalf of the Greens/EFA group, comments on the handover of signatures: [...]

        • Site36Cars collect sensitive information: Automakers want to sell data on their users’ sex lives and religion
        • HackadayBespoke Implants Are Real—if You Put In The Time

          A subset of hackers have RFID implants, but there is a limited catalog. When [Miana] looked for a device that would open a secure door at her work, she did not find the implant she needed, even though the lock was susceptible to cloned-chip attacks. Since no one made the implant, she set herself to the task. [Miana] is no stranger to implants, with 26 at the time of her talk at DEFCON31, including a couple of custom glowing ones, but this was her first venture into electronic implants. Or electronics at all. The full video after the break describes the important terms.

        • WhichUKThe smart device brands harvesting your data

          With security cameras sending data to TikTok, washing machines demanding to know your age, and TVs watching you while you watch them, why are our smart homes spying on us?

    • Defence/Aggression

    • Environment

      • Jacobin MagazineFossil Fuel Lobbyists in California Are Playing Both Sides of the Climate Crisis

        The same fossil fuel lobbyists pulling out all the stops to defeat game-changing climate legislation in California this month are simultaneously collecting checks from dozens of cities and counties in the state being pummeled by the climate crisis, as well as major environmental and clean-energy groups pushing state lawmakers to adopt solutions, the Lever has learned.

        In other words, powerful California lobbying firms — including those with ties to Gov. Gavin Newsom and other state Democratic leaders — are effectively acting as double agents for both the culprits of climate change and its victims, according to F Minus, a new climate group that reviewed thousands of state registrations for a database exposing the lobbying connections.

      • El PaísUS warns of ‘deadly’ bacteria in warming waters near Gulf of Mexico and East Coast

        The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued a health advisory warning that “many people with V. vulnificus wound infection require intensive care or surgical tissue removal.” Severe cases might require “amputation of the infected limb.”

        At least six people have died in the East Coast after being infected, said the CDC. The agency noted that about 150–200 V. vulnificus infections are reported each year and about one in five people with the infection die, “sometimes within 1–2 days of becoming ill.”

      • Deutsche WelleUN warns of 'climate breakdown' after record heat

        Scientists have said the burning of coal, oil and natural gas for human activity is driving ever-higher temperatures around the globe as greenhouse gases accumulate in the atmosphere and hold in heat. This year, El Nino, a temporary warming of parts of the Pacific Ocean that occurs naturally, has also played a role in raising the global temperature.

      • France24US to ban drilling for oil, gas in Alaska refuge, reversing Trump-era leases

        "As the climate crisis warms the Arctic more than twice as fast as the rest of the world, we have a responsibility to protect this treasured region for all ages," he said in a statement.

      • Omicron LimitedPace of increase in CO2 concentration has increased three-fold: report

        In 2022, there were on average 417 parts per million (ppm) of the planet-warming gas in the air, up 2.2 ppm from the year before, according to the annual State of the Climate report led by scientists from the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

      • [Old] (August 31, 2023 9:58 AM) The Straits TimesChina issues highest typhoon warning as Saola moves towards Hong Kong

        China Railway has suspended several major train lines and Shanghai halted trains heading to Guangdong.

      • The Straits TimesRemnants of Typhoon Haikui cause floods in south-eastern China

        The rainfall overnight broke 12-year-old records in Fuzhou city.

      • New York TimesTyphoon Saola Approaches Southern China

        The tropical cyclone was expected to make landfall late Friday or early Saturday. Another typhoon was forecast to hit China’s east coast on Sunday.

      • Hong Kong Free PressSuper Typhoon Saola approaches Hong Kong – T3 storm signal by Thurs afternoon, as China issues highest alert

        The Hong Kong Observatory says it will issue the T3 Strong Wind Signal between 3 pm and 5 pm on Thursday as Tropical Cyclone Saola moves towards the city.

      • Democracy NowKenyan Activist at Africa Climate Summit: Fund Green Transition on Continent & Phase Out Fossil Fuels

        As the Africa Climate Summit wraps up in Nairobi, we get an update from Kenyan climate justice organizer Eric Njuguna. He says the focus by Western leaders and multinational companies on establishing carbon markets in Africa amounts to a “ticket to pollute” without directly addressing the need to phase out fossil fuels. Njuguna says a key demand from activists is to create access to climate financing without new debt burdens on the continent’s governments. “Africa is bearing the brunt of the climate crisis and people are dying,” says Njuguna.

      • France24Several dead, missing in flooding after Storm Daniel pounds Greece for second day

        At least three€ people died and four were missing on Wednesday after torrential rain flooded homes and businesses and destroyed infrastructure in central€ Greece, the fire brigade said.

      • Energy/Transportation

        • NL TimesAmsterdam public transport faces fewer changes in 2024 than initially feared

          The Amsterdam public transport company GVB unveiled its 2024 Transport Plan on Tuesday. Despite initial plans that revealed major changes in the number of trams, buses, and metros running, the final plan shows that only a few routes will be shortened or relocated.

        • Bruce SchneierCryptocurrency Startup Loses Encryption Key for Electronic Wallet

          I can’t understand why anyone thinks these technologies are a good idea.

        • 404 Media'The Wallet Event': [Cryptocurrency] Startup Bankrupt After Losing Password to $38.9 Million Physical [Cryptocurrency] Wallet

          Prime Trust pitches itself as a [cryptocurrency] fintech company designed to help other startups offer [cryptocurrency] retirement plans, know-your-customer interfaces, ensure liquidity, and a host of other services. It says it can help companies build [cryptocurrency] exchanges, payment platforms, and create stablecoins for its clients. The company has not had a good few months. In June, the state of Nevada filed to seize control of the company because it was near insolvency. It was then ordered to cease all operations by a federal judge because it allegedly used customers’ money to cover withdrawal requests from other companies.

        • HackadayThe Computer That Controlled Chernobyl

          When you think of Chernobyl (or Chornobyl, now), you think of the nuclear accident, of course. But have you ever considered that where there is a nuclear reactor, there is a computer control system? What computers were in control of the infamous reactor? [Chornobyl Family] has the answer in a fascinating video documentary you can see below.

      • Wildlife/Nature

        • Helsinki TimesStudy debunks "opposites attract" myth: Birds of a feather do flock together

          A new study conducted by the University of Colorado Boulder challenges the age-old notion that "opposites attract." The comprehensive analysis, which examined data from millions of couples over more than a century and across more than 130 traits, found that similarity often draws people together in relationships.

          The study, published on August 31 in the journal Nature Human Behaviour, not only debunks the popular belief that dissimilar individuals are more likely to form romantic bonds but also sheds light on the underlying forces shaping human relationships.

        • ADFTo Disrupt China’s Wildlife Trafficking, Enforcement Targets the ‘Top of the Pyramid’

          In the video call, smuggler Phan Quan made it clear: He needed 20 metric tons of pangolin scales shipped to him in Vietnam. The authorities had seized his previous shipment.

        • Federal News Network3 sailors reach land safely after sharks nearly sink their catamaran in the Coral Sea

          Three round-the-world sailors have reached land safely after sharks nearly sank their catamaran in the Coral Sea. Both of the inflatable hulls on their 30-foot boat were damaged by what were thought to € be cookiecutter sharks. It's a small species not considered dangerous to people. The Australian Maritime Safety Authority coordinated the rescue of the sailors after they activated an emergency beacon on Wednesday. A freight ship landed them at a Sunshine Coast harbor on Thursday.

      • Overpopulation

        • OverpopulationProcreation and Consumption in the Real World

          The cause of global environmental decline is clear: an immense and rapidly growing human economy, which was twenty-five times larger at the end of the twentieth century than it was at the beginning. Our carbon emissions are a function of feeding, clothing, housing, warming, cooling, transporting, and amusing unprecedented numbers of people in unprecedented luxury with unprecedently powerful technologies. So are the habitat loss and degradation driving biodiversity loss. Ocean acidification, excessive freshwater withdrawals, toxins poisoning soils and waters; in every case, immense human economic demands are driving the rush past boundaries for biospheric health.

          The obvious solution is to decrease the size of the human economy. Under the “if you find yourself in a hole, quit digging” principle, we might at least pause our ceaseless scaling it up. Unfortunately, humanity has built a powerful global economy around the primary goal of rapid, continuous growth. People want their economic demands met, not questioned, and there are more of us than ever—billions more. Furthermore, a dominant economic ideology espouses the possibility, necessity, and goodness of endless growth. Yet realistically, without limiting growth, global environmental decline will continue.

    • Finance

      • The Hill Roku cutting hundreds of jobs, limiting new hiring

        U.S.-based streaming company Roku is planning to cut hundreds of positions in its workforce and slow down its hiring process in an effort to boost profits after a series of quarterly losses.

        In a Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) filing Wednesday, Roku, which specializes in audio and video manufacturing, said it plans to lay off 10 percent of its workforce, or approximately 360 people.

      • Domtar shutting down Espanola mill, 450 jobs to be affected

        After years of operating losses and high costs, Domtar Corporation (Domtar) is shuttering its Espanola, Ont., pulp and paper mill — affecting approximately 450 employees.

        In a news release on Sept. 6, the manufacturer announced that the facility will close in early October. Following the mill’s closure, the paper machines will be “shut down by early November.”

        “The Espanola mill has been challenged for some time now,” Steve Henry, president of Domtar paper and packaging, said in the release.

      • The Straits TimesMalaysia seeks return of ex-Goldman banker convicted in 1MDB case

        It wants Roger Ng to return to Malaysia for trial before starting his US prison sentence.

      • Digital Music NewsSwedish Investigatory Report Reveals Spotify as Money-Laundering ‘ATM for Criminal Gangs’

        He explained that gangs would convert their dirty money into Bitcoin and then use the cryptocurrency to pay people who sold fake streams on Spotify — many of whom they meet on Facebook. Those people “made sure we ended up at the top of the charts,” he said, noting that the fake streams would lead to a noticeable uptick in legitimate streams. Higher streams then lead to higher payouts from Spotify.

        “Spotify has become a bank machine for the gangs. There’s a direct link to the gangs and the deadly violence,” an investigative police officer who wished to remain anonymous told Svenska Dagbladet. Police data reveals that in 2022, Sweden registered 90 blasts, another 101 cases of attempted bombings or preparations for bombings, and 91 shootings, 62 of which were fatal.

      • teleSURClimate Change Imperils US Farmworkers

        As average temperatures increase and heat waves strike the€ United States, the heat stress on farmworkers is getting worse.

      • Atlantic CouncilStrengthening financial inclusion in the Caribbean: Treating correspondent banking relationships as a public good

        To bolster financial inclusion in the Caribbean, the United States must treat corresponding banking relationships as a public good.

      • LatviaLatvian central bank publishes major crisis advice

        The Latvian central bank, Latvijas Banka (LB) said September 7 it is advising people€ to familiarise themselves with what to expect if a major crisis hits the country, and has published a booklet containing advice.

      • Vice Media GroupCYBER: Hot Labor Summer

        From the Hollywood strike to the teamsters, labor movements in the U.S. are having a moment.

      • The Straits TimesEx-Malaysian PM’s wife Rosmah files application to strike out money laundering, tax evasion charges

        The charges against her are baseless, defective and premature, said Rosmah.

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • RFAHong Kongers step up calls for UK sanctions despite climate of fear

        Campaign groups are putting up posters in British universities, only to see them torn down overnight.

      • The Straits TimesMaldives election: could be key for China, India rivalry

        A presidential election in the Maldives on Saturday could be decisive in determining whether China or India win a competition for influence over the tiny Indian Ocean island chain.

      • Federal News NetworkAustralia and China open their first high-level dialogue in 3 years in a sign of a slight thaw

        Australia and China have started their first high-level dialogue in three years in a sign of a slight thaw to relations between countries that have clashed on human rights, COVID-19 and trade. The head of the Australia delegation said he welcomed the positive developments but there was more work to do. The dialogue that opened in Beijing on Thursday will focus on trade, people-to-people links and security. China’s former Foreign Minister Li Zhaoxing said the two countries should work together while adhering to the liberalization of trade. Australia’s Prime Minister Anthony Albanese also met with China’s Premier Li Qiang at a regional summit. His office said Albanese would visit China later this year at the invitation of China’s leader Xi Jinping.

      • Federal News NetworkChina’s exports and imports fall in August as weak global demand keeps its economy under pressure

        Chinese exports and imports both fell in August, reflecting tepid global demand that is adding to pressures on its slowing economy. Customs data released Thursday showed exports for August slumped 8.8% from a year earlier, while imports slid 7.3%. The total trade surplus for the world's No. 2 economy shrank to $68.4 billion from $80.6 billion in July. China's trade has been slowing for two years, sapped by a weakening global economy and by a lackluster recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. But the declines in August were less severe than in July. China's exports to the U.S. fell 17% in August from a year earlier, while exports to Southeast Asia dropped 13%.

      • ReasonJustice or Persecution? The Trump Dilemma

        Join Reason on YouTube and Facebook at 12 p.m. Eastern for a discussion of the Trump indictments with Ilya Somin of the Volokh Conspiracy.

      • RFANew law will allow Beijing to seize foreign government assets

        The Foreign State Immunity Law takes China's 'Wolf Warrior' diplomacy a step further.

      • RFARoadmap to roiled relations
      • The Straits TimesChina's Li promotes greater cooperation with Indonesia

        It wants to expand cooperation in various areas including green energy, digital economy and AI.

      • teleSURChina-Tanzania Forum, +100 Chinese Investors to Attend

        Leodegar Tenga, CTI executive director, said Tanzanian industrialists looked forward to attending the forum, stressing that China is a perfect partner when it comes to the development of an industrial economy.

      • Deutsche WelleEU imposes stricter rules on 'gatekeeper' tech giants

        The designated companies will have to comply with the EU's Digital Markets Act (DMA), which aims to ensure greater competition in the EU's digital market. It entered into force in November 2022.

        While the DMA includes rules for gatekeepers, the EU has only specified now who these gatekeepers will be.

        To comply with the legislation, the companies will have to ensure that their services are compatible with competitors' products, and are obliged to share data with them, among other things. Compiling user data from different sources will only be allowed with explicit user consent.

      • France24EU hits Apple, Meta and other tech ‘gatekeepers’ with new regulations

        The latest announcement is a milestone in the application of the Digital Markets Act (DMA), which will force the largest firms to change their ways under a checklist of dos and don'ts and, regulators hope, create a fairer market.

        Observers say the law could open a new battlefront between digital titans and the European Union as some companies consider launching legal challenges.

        The European Commission, the EU's powerful antitrust body, named 22 "core platform" services belonging to five US tech behemoths identified as "gatekeepers" -- Google parent Alphabet, Amazon, Apple, Meta, Microsoft -- and China's ByteDance.

      • Michael GeistWhy the Government’s Bill C-18 Draft Regulations Are Stacked Against Small, Independent, and Digital-First Media Outlets

        The problems with government’s Bill C-18 draft regulations involve more than just what amounts to a 4% link tax on Google and Meta alongside little effort to ensure the resulting revenues are used to support spending on journalists and news content. As noted in previous posts, the draft regulations put an end to the claim that the Online News Act involves compensation for news creation since the standards are now simply a function of Internet platform revenues, not news production costs. Given the global implications of a 4% tax on revenues to support media, that approach likely further cements Meta’s decision to comply with the law by stopping news links and increases the chances that Google follows suit.

      • Misinformation/Disinformation/Propaganda

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • ReasonWoman Found Responsible for Internet Harassment in Canada Loses Defamation Suit Against N.Y. Times

        From today's decision by Judge Paul Oetken in Atas v. N.Y. Times Co.: Plaintiff Nadire Atas, proceeding pro se, brings this action against Defendants The New York Times Company [and others], alleging defamation. According to Atas, The Times—through news articles, podcast episodes, and interviews of its journalists—defamed her by describing her as a mentally ill…

      • ReasonResponding to Reader Comments on The Five Internet Rights

        Seven-layer stacks, messy anecdotes, and the conservative case for net neutrality.

      • The Straits TimesChina considers law banning clothes that ‘hurt feelings’ of others

        People could face jail time and fines who offend the government’s sensibilities by wearing the wrong clothing.

      • Sparrow MediaElon Musk Escalates Speech-Chilling Attacks on His Critics

        “Elon Musk’s professed commitment to free speech is nothing more than fig leaf flapping in the wind,” said Media Matters Chairman and CEO Angelo Carusone. “For Musk, it’s always been about morphing Twitter into a free for all that enables extremists and promotes his red-pilled worldview. Rarely does a day go by where Musk does not further expose himself as a volatile and petty hypocrite. “We know that Musk is going to continue to ratchet up the temperature on the simmering cauldron of deceit and hate that Twitter has become. Accordingly, the most important question isn’t what Musk will do next, it’s what will Twitter’s few remaining big-name advertisers and business partners do now? Continuing to support Twitter in its current state is akin to actively financing hate. It’s also a truly bizarre decision given that it’s only a matter of time before they inevitably get scorched by the noxious stew that Musk is cooking.”

      • TediumThe Barenaked Truth

        When an artist brings up cancel culture, it’s usually because they’re super-edgy or deeply political. So why are the Barenaked Ladies doing it?

      • ReasonTwo-Thirds of College Students Think Shouting Down A Public Speaker Can Be Acceptable

        Even at schools with solid speech policies, many students show little tolerance for opposing political beliefs.

      • Helsinki TimesThe law should not determine what is true in history

        The government's statement against racism declared that the denial of the Holocaust would be criminalised in Finland's legislation. Prohibiting the public use of Nazi symbols is a contemporary concern, and celebrating the memory of Holocaust victims is undoubtedly a commendable idea. However, criminalising Holocaust denial presents a different kind of issue. It is not primarily a question of freedom of speech because this right is not absolute and cannot legitimise hate speech.

    • Freedom of Information / Freedom of the Press

      • Deutsche WelleMyanmar jails journalist for 20 years over cyclone reporting

        Myanmar is one of the world's most dangerous places for journalists according to advocacy groups.

        Activists at the Detained Journalist Group report that over 150 journalists have been arrested, and four media workers have lost their lives since the coup.

      • CPJMyanmar Now photojournalist Sai Zaw Thaike sentenced to 20 years in prison on multiple charges

        “His sentencing is yet another indication that freedom of the press has been completely quashed under the military junta’s rule, and shows the hefty price independent journalists in Myanmar must pay for their professional work,” Myanmar Now Editor-in-Chief Swe Win said in a statement.

        Military authorities raided Myanmar Now’s office in Yangon shortly after the February 2021 coup and later revoked the independent news outlet’s publishing license, those reports said.

      • CPJThree more journalists arrested under Ethiopia’s state of emergency

        The Committee to Protect Journalists on Wednesday expressed deep concern about the arrest of three journalists only weeks after Ethiopia declared a state of emergency and called on authorities to promptly release all members of the press detained for their work.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • Global News CACanada’s tech sector latest industry to experience shift away from remote work

        When Heather Aleinik was laid off from Shopify Inc. last summer, it was “one of the biggest curveballs” of her career.

        The now 29-year-old Calgary woman had discovered remote work was conducive to her neurodivergence and love of travel while at the Ottawa-based e-commerce company, which launched a remote work policy at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic – a policy it claimed would be permanent.

        Aleinik eventually found a new job at a software firm advertising a “five-year remote commitment,” but just as she started to get comfortable, the company built a new office in Florida and its CEO started extolling the benefits of working on-site. She quit just before employees living near the office were ordered back three days a week.

      • New accusation to imprisoned Kurdish women politicians: 'Producing alcohol in prison'

        A lawsuit has been filed against Ayla Akat Ata, Ayşe Yağcı, Dilek Yağlı, Meryem Adıbelli, and Pervin Oduncu, accusing them of "producing ethyl alcohol" requesting imprisonment of one to three years.

      • Hong Kong Free PressUK foreign secretary says he raised human rights concerns on China visit

        British Foreign Secretary James Cleverly said he had raised human rights concerns at “every single one” of his meetings with top Chinese officials, as he made a state visit to Beijing on Wednesday.

      • RFARemembering enforced disappearance victims in Asia

        Tibetans, Uyghurs and Burmese are among the many victims of enforced disappearances in Asia.

      • New York TimesMass Hunger Strike in Bahrain Prison Sets Off Rare Protests

        In a kingdom that crushed an Arab Spring uprising more than a decade ago, prisoners are now on hunger strike to demand better conditions, fueling protests in support of their cause.

      • RFAStop tourism of Xinjiang, Uyghur advocacy group says

        By offering tours, travel agencies are implicitly supporting China’s repression of Uyghurs, it says.

      • New York TimesWorkers Plow Through Great Wall of China, Leaving a Hole

        The pair, a 38-year-old man and 55-year-old woman, used an excavator to widen an existing gap and make a shortcut, the authorities said.

      • CS MonitorRural police forces are closing. We don't need them, residents say.

        Staffing difficulties continue to challenge small-town police departments. A combination of factors, from police criticism to the pandemic to low salaries, are among the reasons why more police are leaving forces.

      • JURISTChina arrests former National Religious Affairs Administration head for allegedly accepting bribes

        China’s Supreme People’s Procuratorate€ announced Monday that China has arrested Cui Maohu, former head of its National Religious Affairs Administration, over bribe-taking suspicions. The Supreme People’s Procuratorate is China’s highest prosecutorial organ.

      • Hong Kong Free PressGreat Wall of shame: two held after smashing hole in China landmark

        Two people have been detained after using an excavator to dig a hole in the Great Wall of China, state broadcaster CCTV said.

      • RFAActivist wins partial victory in Hong Kong same-sex marriage appeal

        The court says the city must provide a legal framework for the recognition of same-sex relationships.

      • RFAHong Kong students to go on more 'red' study trips to mainland China

        The government expands a program of compulsory school trips as universities follow suit.

      • Democracy Now“A Political Prosecution”: 61 Cop City Opponents Hit with RICO Charges by Georgia’s Republican AG

        Georgia is intensifying its crackdown against opponents of Cop City, with the state’s Republican attorney general announcing sweeping indictments of 61 people on racketeering charges over protests and other activism related to the $90 million police training facility planned to be built in Atlanta. The RICO charges were approved by the same grand jury that indicted former President Trump and 18 others on RICO charges in the same county by the Democratic district attorney, and come after many of the same people were earlier charged with domestic terrorism and money laundering as part of the Stop Cop City movement, which is still seeking to block construction of the new police complex. “They are choosing to use the legal process in an essentially violent way to target protesters,” says attorney Devin Franklin with the Southern Center for Human Rights, which is organizing legal representation for the defendants in the case. We also speak with Keyanna Jones, a Stop Cop City organizer with Community Movement Builders, who notes the indictments are dated from May 25, 2020, the day Minneapolis police killed George Floyd. “Since that date, this country has been upended by governments across the nation trying to build Cop Cities in order to quell protest,” says Jones. “The government is simply upset that people seek to … use their First Amendment right to protest when we see injustice coming from those in authority.”

      • CoryDoctorowNLRB rules that any union busting means automatic union recognition

        At issue in Cemex was what the NLRB should do about employers that violate labor law during union drives. For decades, even the most flagrantly illegal union-busting was met with a wrist-slap. For example, if a boss threatened or fired an employee for participating in a union drive, the NLRB would typically issue a small fine and order the employer to re-hire the worker and provide back-pay.

        Everyone knows that "a fine is a price." The NLRB's toothless response to cheating presented an easily solved equation for corrupt, union-hating bosses: if the fine amounts to less than the total, lifetime costs of paying a fair wage and offering fair labor conditions, you should cheat – hell, it's practically a fiduciary duty: [...]

      • TruthdigCop City Protestors Hit With RICO Charges in Latest Act of Political Repression

        Stop Cop City organizers have fought for years to halt the construction of the massive police and fire training facility. Opponents have expressed concern that it will lead to further police militarization, while also destroying several acres of forestland that they say are crucial to the area’s climate resiliency. In January, Georgia State Police officers shot and killed activist Manuel “Tortuguita” Paez Terán while clearing out a protest encampment in the forest. Authorities claim Paez Terán fired on officers first, but Paez Terán’s family has contested this narrative. An independent autopsy released by the family in March showed that Paez Terán’s hands were raised at the time of the shooting.

        The state’s use of RICO charges against Stop Cop City activists marks the latest escalation in an increasingly authoritarian crackdown on the protest movement. Earlier this year, prosecutors with the DeKalb County District Attorney’s Office and the Fulton County District Attorney’s Office filed domestic terrorism charges against 42 Cop City protesters, many of whom are also named in the RICO indictment. One of the people hit with RICO charges had previously been arrested for handing out fliers calling one of the officers involved in Paez Terán’s killing a murderer.

      • Vice Media GroupResearchers Gave Unhoused People $7,500. What Happened Next Is Incredible.

        For now, Zhao says the takeaway from the study is, “For people who pass the screening criteria in our study, the policy implication is that government should increase the income assistance for these folks so they can get back into housing and get their life back.”

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

    • Monopolies

      • I Programmer Google Turns 25

        At the end of September 2023 Google will officially celebrate its 25th birthday. In fact the day itself has already come and gone as it was on September 4th, 1998 that Google was founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin.

        From today's perspective it is difficult to imagine a world without either the Google search engine or the World Wide Web - a combination that has brought untold convenience to individuals, businesses and governments.

      • New York TimesIn Its First Monopoly Trial of Modern Internet Era, U.S. Sets Sights on Google

        The Justice Department has spent three years over two presidential administrations building the case that Google illegally abused its power over online search to throttle competition. To defend itself, Google has enlisted hundreds of employees and three powerful law firms and spent millions of dollars on legal fees and lobbyists.

        On Tuesday, a judge in U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia will begin considering their arguments at a trial that cuts to the heart of a long-simmering question: Did today’s tech giants become dominant by breaking the law?

      • New York TimesGoogle Turns to a Steady Old Hand to Fight Antitrust Charges

        Now, Google and its parent company, Alphabet, are facing their most significant legal challenge. They are preparing to face off next week in federal court against the Justice Department and a collection of states, which claim the tech giant illegally abused its monopoly power to keep its search engine on top.

        The Justice Department has argued that Google illegally used agreements with phone makers like Apple and Samsung, as well as internet browsers like Mozilla, to be the default search engine for their users, preventing smaller rivals from getting access to that business.

      • Silicon AngleEU designates six tech giants as gatekeepers under DMA law
        The European Commission today designated€ Alphabet Inc., Amazon.com Inc., Apple Inc., ByteDance Ltd., Meta Platforms Inc. and Microsoft Corp. as gatekeepers under the European Union’s DMA legislation, making them€ subject to more stringent regulatory requirements.

      • Patents

        • Kluwer Patent BlogBrazil: how to successfully amend claims during patent examination

          In Brazil amendments to claims are possible if the patent applicant can show the changes are limited to the matter initially disclosed in the patent application (Article 32 of Patent Statute 9,279 of 1996). € € Thus, like most other countries, Brazilian patent law contains a prohibition against added matter.

        • JUVEBird & Bird strengthens Paris patent litigation practice [Ed: JUVE publishes pure SPAM for Team UPC. This is paid-for garbage. JUVE also promotes the illegal Team UPC. It's a facilitator of abuse disguised as "news".]

          Over the past three years, Thierry Lautier (41) has built up Reed Smith’s patent litigation practice in Paris. With his legal and engineering background in optics and electronics, he works for companies in the digital communication and automotive industries, among others.

        • Dennis Crouch/Patently-ONavigating Claim Construction and Broadening Amendments: Lessons from Sisvel v. Sierra Wireless

          In 2019, Sisvel began asserting its U.S. Patent Nos. 7,433,698 and 8,364,196 against cell phone makers, wireless chip suppliers, and cellular network operators. These patents claim methods and systems for exchanging frequency information between a mobile station and a mobile switching center to facilitate switching a mobile device’s connection point within a cellular network. Several defendants petitioned the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (PTAB) for inter partes review (IPR), arguing that the challenged claims were invalid as anticipated and/or obvious based on prior art references. The PTAB instituted IPR and ultimately issued final written decisions concluding that the claims were unpatentable. See IPR2020-01070, Paper No. 31 (PTAB Nov. 8, 2021); IPR2020-01071, Paper No. 30 (PTAB Nov. 8, 2021).

      • Trademarks

        • TTAB BlogRecommended Reading: "FIFTY YEARS OF McCARTHY ON TRADEMARKS"

          The latest issue of the The Trademark Reporter includes a Commentary [pdf here]. by Professor J. Thomas McCarthy on the fiftieth anniversary of the publication of his treatise, McCarthy on Trademarks and Unfair Competition. The treatise has been relied on as an authority in over 8,000 judicial decisions, including in eighteen U.S. Supreme Court opinions.

      • Copyrights

        • Digital Music NewsLook Out, Hybe — K-Pop Agency Attrakt Draws $7.5 Million Investment, Announces ‘New Girl Group Project’

          Just days after Geffen and Hybe announced the (potential) members of their long-awaited girl group, K-pop firm Attrakt has teased a new girl group of its own and secured a reported $7.5 million investment. Seoul-headquartered Attrakt, the agency behind Fifty Fifty, just recently scored the multimillion-dollar investment and informed fans of the forthcoming girl group.

        • Creative CommonsA Tale of Two Global Challenges: Climate research is not as open as COVID-19 research

          We now know over 90,000 preprints€¹ have been posted to various preprint servers since January 2020 and a new preprint by Lariviére et al. (2023) found that 79.9% of COVID-19 papers between January 2020€² and December 2021 are open access. So if researchers recognized and responded to the need for rapid, open access to COVID-19 research, what about other global challenges?

        • Creative CommonsAnya Kamenetz to Keynote CC Global Summit 2023

          We have an incredible group of people lined up to be keynote speakers at the 2023 CC Global Summit, to be held 3–6 October in Mexico City. In our first announcement, we welcome writer Anya Kamenetz, who will close the Summit with a keynote that grows out of her work as a journalist, and now, activist focused on climate education for children.

        • Digital Music NewsStreaming Services Must Pay Late Fees on Mechanical Licenses, US Copyright Office Rules

          The US Copyright Office has ruled that streaming services must pay late fees on royalty payments in connection with the Music Modernization Act’s blanket mechanical license.



Recent Techrights' Posts

Red Hat's Official Site Yesterday: Promoting 'Secure' Boot in Machines You Don't Own or Control Anyway
"To be clear, CentOS Linux no longer exist"
Microsoft's Bing Falls to Fourth in the Europe/Asia-Based Turkey, Share Halved Since LLM Hype, Now Only 1% (Sometimes Less)
Turkey (Eurasia) is another example of Microsoft failing with LLM hype and just burning a lot of energy in vain (investment without returns)
 
Backlash and Negative Press After Microsoft Tells Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion (DEI) People to DIE
Follow-up stories
Fabian Gruenbichler & Debian: former GSoC student added to keyring
Reprinted with permission from Daniel Pocock
Links 18/07/2024: ORG Complaint to ICO About Facebook, Korean Double Agent Unmasked
Links for the day
Joel Espy Klecker & Debian on Joe Biden's health and Donald Trump's assassination
Reprinted with permission from Daniel Pocock
Over at Tux Machines...
GNU/Linux news for the past day
IRC Proceedings: Wednesday, July 17, 2024
IRC logs for Wednesday, July 17, 2024
Links 18/07/2024: Hostname Pedantry and Retro Coding
Links for the day
Fedora Week of Diversity (FWD) 2024 Attracting 0.01% of the IBM Staff "Was a Success"
They expect volunteers (unpaid slaves) to do the PR for them...
African's Largest Population (Nigeria) Approaching 80% Android "Market Share" Amid Steady Monthly Increases While Microsoft Has Mass Layoffs in Nigeria
Microsoft- and Apple-sponsored Western (or English-speaking) media chooses to ignore that or treat it as irrelevant (a racist disposition in its own right)
[Meme] The Warlord's Catspaw
Thugs that troll us
Microsoft Misogyny Will be the Fall of Microsoft (Covering Up for Misogynists is a Huge Mistake and Highly Misguided Short-term Strategy)
Microsoft's undoing may in fact be its attitude towards women
Red Hat Keeps Behaving Like a Microsoft Reseller (for Proprietary Stuff!), Microsoft Employees as Authors in redhat.com
In some ways this reminds us of Novell
UEFI 'Secure Boot' Once Again Bricking PCs and Fake Security Models Are Perishing in Geminispace
Let's Encrypt has just fallen again
Links 17/07/2024: New Attacks on the Press, European Patents Squashed Even at Kangaroo Court (UPC)
Links for the day
Gemini Links 17/07/2024: Proponents of Censorship and New Arrivals at Gemini
Links for the day
Links 17/07/2024: School Budget Meltdown and Modern Cars as Tracking Nightmares
Links for the day
This Should Certainly be Illegal, But the Person Who Helped Microsoft Do This is Still Attacking the Critics of It
perhaps time for an "I told you so post"
Censorship as Signal of Opportunity for Reform
It remains sad and ironic that Wikileaks outsourced so much of its official communications to Twitter (now X)
[Meme] A Computer With an Extra Key on the Keyboard Isn't Everyone's Priority
(so your telling me meme)
The World Wide Web Has Been Rotting for Years (Quality, Accuracy, and Depth Consistently Decreasing)
In the past people said that the Web had both "good" and "bad" and that the good outweighed the bad
Comoros: Windows Plunges to Record Low of About 6% in Country of a Million People (in 2010 Windows Was 100%)
Many of these people earn a few dollars a day; they don't care for Microsoft's "Hey Hi PC" hype
Africa as an Important Reminder That Eradicating Microsoft Doesn't Go Far Enough
Ideally, if our top goal is bigger than "get rid of Microsoft", we need to teach people to choose and use devices that obey them, not GAFAM
Billions of Computers Run Linux and Many Use Debian (or a Derivative of It)
many devices never get updated or even communicate with the Net, so exhaustive tallies are infeasible
The Mail (MX) Server Survey for July 2024 Shows Microsoft Collapsing to Only 689 Servers or 0.17% of the Whole (It Used to be About 25%)
Microsoft became so insignificant and the most astounding thing is how the media deliberate ignores it or refuses to cover it
[Meme] Microsoft is Firing
Don't worry, Microsoft will have some new vapourware coming soon
More DEI (or Similar) Layoffs on the Way, According to Microsoft Team Leader
What happened shortly before Independence Day wasn't the end of it, apparently
Windows Down From 98.5% to 22.9% in Hungary
Android is up because more people buy smaller mobile devices than laptops
Microsoft Windows in Algeria: From 100% to Less Than 15%
Notice that not too long ago Windows was measured at 100%. Now? Not even 15%.
[Meme] Many Volunteers Now Realise the "Open" in "OpenSUSE" or "openSUSE" Was Labour-Mining
Back to coding, packaging and testing, slaves
Over at Tux Machines...
GNU/Linux news for the past day
IRC Proceedings: Tuesday, July 16, 2024
IRC logs for Tuesday, July 16, 2024
Microsoft Windows "Market Share" in New Zealand Plunges to 25%
Android rising
[Meme] Ein Factory
A choice between "masters" (or "master race") is a false choice that results in mass exploitation and ultimately eradication (when there's little left to exploit)
Links 17/07/2024: Open Source Initiative Lies and Dark Net Thoughts
Links for the day
SUSE Goes Aryan: You May Not Use the Germanic Brand Anymore (It's Monopolised by the Corporation)
Worse than grammar Nazis
Media Distorting Truth to Promote Ignorance
online media is rapidly collapsing
Gratis But Not Free as in Freedom: How Let's Encrypt is Dying in Geminispace
Let's Encrypt is somewhat of a dying breed where the misguided CA model is shunned
Android Rises to New Highs of Almost 80% in Cameroon
How many dozens of nations will see Windows at under 10% this coming winter?
Links 16/07/2024: TikTok Ban in Europe and Yandex Split
Links for the day
Gemini Links 16/07/2024: On Packrafting and on Trump Shot
Links for the day
[Meme] Firefox Users Who Think They Know Better Than Mozilla
Enjoy Firebook
Firefox Used to Have About Half the Market in Switzerland, But It Doesn't Stand a Chance Anymore (Chrome Surging This Summer)
Mozilla has managed to alienate some of the biggest fans of Firefox
Microsoft's Biggest Losses Are in Europe This Summer
Microsoft's ability to milk a relatively rich Europe is fast diminishing
How to Make Software Suck and Discriminate Against People at the Same Time
ageism glorified
Bing Was at 2.6% in Russia When LLM Hype Started. Now It's Down to 0.8% (for 3 Months in a Row Already)
The sharp fall of Bing may mean that exiting the Russian market won't matter to anybody
[Meme] Microsoft Seems to be Failing to Comply With WARN Act (by Refusing to Announce Mass Layoffs as They Happen)
since when does Microsoft obey the law anyway?
Microsoft Layoffs Are Still Too Frequent to Keep Abreast of and Properly (or Exhaustively) Classify
The "HR" department knows what's happening, but whistleblowers from there are rare
Bahamas Joined the "5% Windows" Club
statCounter only traces back about 1 in 20 Web requests to Windows
Links 16/07/2024: Salesforce Layoffs and Microsoft's DMARC Fail
Links for the day
Antenna Abuse and Gemini Abuse (Self-hosting Perils)
Perhaps all this junk is a sign of Gemini growing up
Possibly Worse Than Bribes: US Politicians and Lawmakers Who Are Microsoft Shareholders
They will keep bailing out Microsoft to bail themselves out
The Software Freedom Conservancy Folks Don't Even Believe in Free Speech and They Act As Imposters (Also in the Trademark Arena/Sense)
Software Freedom Conservancy was already establishing a reputation for itself as a G(I)AFAM censor/gatekeeper
Djibouti Enters the Windows "10% Club" (Windows Was 99% in 2010)
In Africa in general Microsoft lost control
GNU/Linux Share Doubled in the United States of America (USA) in the Past 12 Months
Or so says statCounter
Even in North Korea (Democratic People's Republic Of Korea) Google Said to Dominate, Microsoft Around 1%
Google at 93.26%
[Meme] The Red Bait (Embrace... Extinguish)
They set centos on fire, then offer a (de facto) proprietary substitute for a fee
Shooting the Messenger to Spite the Message
segment of a Noam Chomsky talk
[Video] Boston Area Assange Defense (Yesterday)
It was published only hours ago
Guinea: Windows Down From 99.3% to 2.7% 'Market Share'
Guinea is not a small country
Over at Tux Machines...
GNU/Linux news for the past day
IRC Proceedings: Monday, July 15, 2024
IRC logs for Monday, July 15, 2024
What's Meant by "Antenna Abuse" (Gemini)
syndication is not a monopoly in Gemini and if one doesn't condone political censorship, then one can create one's own syndication service/capsule
Microsoft Layoffs and Entire Unit Termination: Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion
What an announcement to make just before Independence Day
Links 16/07/2024: Old Computer Challenge and One Page Dungeon Contest
Links for the day