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Links 25/03/2022: FreeBSD 13.1 Beta 3

  • GNU/Linux

    • Server

      • UNIX CopWhat is the future of Linux Admins?

        Today we will discuss the routine topic- What is the future of Linux Admins. Based upon my personal work experience, this is a very common question which is asked by people.

        Many freshers looking for jobs in the Linux domain as well as seasoned administrators are confused. The reason is into modern technology trends currently happening across the globe. DevOps is the new Linux Admin’s KRA (Key Responsibility Area). But what about the Tech support or IT admins who were not able to upgrade their skills? Do they still have some long-term career scopes?? We try to go through all such aspects.

    • Kernel Space

      • Graphics Stack

        • Russell CokerWayland €« etbe - Russell Coker

          The Wayland protocol [1] is designed to be more secure than X, when X was designed there wasn’t much thought given to the possibility of programs with different access levels displaying on the same desktop. The Xephyr nested X server [2] is good for running an entire session from a remote untrusted host on a local display but isn’t suitable for multiple applications in the same session.

          GNOME supported Wayland by default in Debian since the Bullseye release and for KDE support you can install the plasma-workspace-wayland which gives you an option for the session type of KDE Plasma Wayland when you login. For systems which don’t use the KDE Plasma workspace but which have some KDE apps you should install the package qtwayland5 to allow the KDE apps to use the Wayland protocol. See the KDE page of the Debian Wiki [3] for more information.

          The Debian Wiki page on Wayland has more useful information [4]. Apparently you have to use gdm instead of sddm to get Wayland for the login prompt.

    • Applications

      • Note taking with ntd

        Approximately one month ago I started taking notes on what is happening around me, what I am doing and similar things. Until now I have used wiki.vim, which was great, but I noticed I was not using many of its features, and always had a very similar style of writing that could be automated.

      • Linux LinksLinux Candy: emoj - find relevant emoji from text

        The internet has rapidly transformed the way we communicate. Since body language and verbal tone are not conveyed in text messages or e-mails, we’ve developed alternate ways to convey nuanced meaning. The most prominent change to our online style has been the addition of two new-age hieroglyphic languages: emoticons and emoji.

        Emoji originated from the smiley, which first evolved into emoticons, followed by emoji and stickers in recent years. Smiley first appeared in the 1960s and is regarded as the first expression symbols. Smiley is a yellow face with two dots for eyes and a wide grin which is printed on buttons, brooches, and t-shirts.

      • PostgreSQLPostgreSQL: PgBouncer 1.17.0 released

        PgBouncer 1.17.0 has been released. This release contains some new functionality and important fixes. Database definitions can now specify host lists. The maximum length of passwords has been increased again. Support for OpenSSL 3 has been fixed.

      • GhacksProtonMail will release a desktop app for Windows, macOS and Linux - gHacks Tech News

        The privacy-centric email service, has gained popularity over the years, but has lacked a proper standalone mail client. It can either be used directly from your browser, or as a PWA (Progressive Web APP) in Chromium-based browsers, or by using Proton Bridge in a third-party program like Thunderbird or Outlook. That feature, sadly, is locked behind a paywall, which makes it an exclusive benefit for premium users. There is an open source, unofficial client called ElectronMail which you can use to access your inbox on your computer, without the need of other apps or Bridge.

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • Linux HandbookCheck Open Ports in Linux [2 Simple Commands]

        Whether you are using Linux as a server or desktop, knowing open ports or ports in use can be helpful in a variety of situations.

        For example, if you are running an Apache or Ngnix based web server, the port in use should be 80 or 443. Checking the ports will confirm that. Similarly, you can check which port is being used by SMTP or SSH or some other services. Knowing which ports are in use can be helpful while allocating the ports to a new service.

        You may also check if there are open ports for intrusion detection.

      • Ansible Inventory And Configuration Files - OSTechNix

        A few days ago, we have discussed how to set up a three-node Ansible lab using Vagrant in Linux. In this article, we are going to learn Ansible fundamental concepts such as Ansible inventory and configuration files in detail.

      • ID RootHow To Install Vtiger CRM on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS - idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Vtiger CRM on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Vtiger is an open source CRM that enables support, sales, marketing teams to collaborate and organize to boost business growth and improve customer delight. Vtiger CRM also includes email, inventory, project management, and other tools, providing a complete business management suite.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Vtiger CRM on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

      • Fix Linux Mint booting to the black screen issue | FOSS Linux

        umerous Linux Mint users have reported seeing a dark or blank screen upon startup. This issue can be challenging to resolve, especially for Linux users with less technical skills. This problem appears to be connected to the Nvidia video drivers. Fortunately, there are several relatively straightforward ways for resolving this particular visual problem, as seen in this article guide.

      • VideoHow To Autostart Programs On Linux - Invidious

        How do you "autostart" programs on Linux? While the big desktop environments (like GNOME and Plasma) simplify this, knowing how to setup your autostart programs is especially important for standalone window manager users. While there are a number of ways to do this, I'm going to show you the two ways that I use.

      • IT Pro PortalHow to remote desktop into Ubuntu | ITProPortal

        Ubuntu is the world’s most popular Linux distribution thanks to its extensive app store and robust hardware support. Whether you use it as your main operating system or you primarily use Windows, being able to remote desktop into Ubuntu from time-to-time is super useful.

        Thankfully, Ubuntu has great built-in support for remote desktops, so you can easily use some of the best remote desktop software, specifically the best remote desktop for Linux, to remotely access your Linux computer.

        Virtual network computing (VNC) is the predominant method used to remote desktop into Ubuntu, and you should be able to use any VNC-based remote desktop client to connect to it. It’s also possible to use Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) or third-party commercial solutions.

      • How to Secure Your Linux Server - Linux Stans

        Linux servers are a great, cost-effective way for businesses to store and share data. Linux is open-source, so it provides plenty of resources and community cooperation. However, that also brings security concerns.

        If you’re going to run a Linux server, you have to know how to secure it properly. This article will provide you with all you need to know to secure your Linux server, regardless of what Linux distro you’re running.

        Here are the steps for securing a Linux server

      • VideoHow to install SparkyLinux 2022.03 - Invidious

        In this video, I am going to show how to install SparkyLinux 2022.03.

      • How to solve "Failed to connect to FTP server" in WordPress. - NextGenTips

        In this tutorial, I will show you how to solve the error message “Failed to connect to FTP server” on the WordPress site. Do not panic because this is a small issue you can sort by giving explicit permissions.

        This error does occur due to permission issues with the WordPress server. The web server does not grant permission explicitly, so the administrator must allow and grant permission so that communication can be established.

      • 10 Things To Do After Installing Pop!_OS Linux

        Pop!_OS is a rather new player in the world of Linux operating systems but it has quickly risen up the ranks to become one of the more enjoyable options overall.

        With a custom Pop!_OS Shop and a variety of user experience optimizations, it certainly does appeal to the target audience of beginners, and professionals alike.

        In order to maximize the potential of your new Pop!_OS install, follow the steps below to begin customization.

      • UNIX CopHow to redirect from one domain to another in Nginx and Debian 11

        We know that web servers are an important and indispensable part of the community. That’s why lately, we have dedicated some tutorials on Nginx. Today we will do another one. Today, you will learn how to redirect from one domain to another in Nginx and Debian 11.

      • How to Install Pylint on Ubuntu 20.04

        When we develop an application, we need code analyzers to help us debug errors and tell us where we have made mistakes. Well, Python has a significant tool, and today you will learn how to install it. In short, this post is about how to install PyLint on Ubuntu 20.04.

      • ID RootHow To Install Geeqie on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS - idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Geeqie on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Geeqie is a free open software image viewer and organizer program for Linux. It is designed with several features including thumbnail view, zoom, and filtering option. Geeqie also supports external editors.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Geeqie lightweight image viewer on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

      • Linux Shell TipsHow to Install and Secure MariaDB in RHEL 8.5

        MariaDB is a reputable and open-source relational database management system, that offers invaluable database solutions to numerous users around the operating system ecosystem.

        Since it is a MySQL fork, it has earned a community-developed status. The latter statement implies that MariaDB has growing community user support for individuals that are new to the database software or seek its advanced knowledge base and application.

        Ensure you have sudo/root user privileges on the RHEL 8 system you are using.

      • Linux Shell TipsHow to Install TeamViewer on Ubuntu 20.04/22.04

        TeamViewer functions as a cross-platform remote desktop software application, which has the capability of connecting one remote user to another remote user’s machine to initiate application installation or make assistive system configurations.

        You do not need to worry about any security breaches while using TeamViewer because one only gets access/control of a remote computer if that remote machine has TeamViewer installed and the user of that machine avails generated User ID and Passcode from this app.

        Therefore, both remote computers need to have TeamViewer installed and configured for one user to have access control over another machine.

        Thanks to TeamViewer, it is now possible to perform remote maintenance, troubleshooting, and configuration on remote machines whose users don’t have the needed technical prowess over such tasks.

      • Linux CapableHow to Install uGet on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

        In the following tutorial, you will learn how to install or upgrade to the latest version of uGet download manager on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS Focal Fossa.

      • TechRepublicFocalboard is a kanban tool that anyone can use for better task management | TechRepublic

        If you're looking for a kanban board that’s simple to install and use to help you get control over your mounting tasks, Jack Wallen believes Focalboard might be just the ticket.

        Most kanban boards and project management tools are built around the idea of teams and larger projects. But what about smaller teams or even individuals that need to be able to track their projects with a kanban board-style system?

      • Linux Made SimpleHow to install OSU! Lazer on a Chromebook in 2022

        Today we are looking at how to install OSU! Lazer on a Chromebook. Please follow the video/audio guide as a tutorial where we explain the process step by step and use the commands below.

    • Games

    • Distributions

      • Make Use Of4 Reasons Why Hackers Use Kali Linux

        Apart from Kali Linux, there are numerous other penetration testing distros in the market. So why do ethical hackers prefer Kali over other OSes?

        Hacking has become popular because of the rapid transmission of information online. Ethical hacking helps identify vulnerabilities in a system and increases security by repairing them. It also secures systems against hackers who might steal valuable information.

      • Barry KaulerStark-black theme for pending EasyOS 3.4.4

        I am continuing to explore "strong" or "radical" themes. Easy 3.4 introduced peach-red theme with setting-sun wallpaper; photo and description here:

        It used to be that I would stick with mostly-blueish soothing themes, and perhaps there will be a return to them in a future release. For now however, the pending 3.4.4 will introduce another experiment, a black & white very stark theme.

      • BSD

        • FreeBSDFreeBSD 13.1-BETA3 Now Available
          The third BETA build of the 13.1-RELEASE release cycle is now available.

          Installation images are available for:

          o 13.1-BETA3 amd64 GENERIC o 13.1-BETA3 i386 GENERIC o 13.1-BETA3 powerpc GENERIC o 13.1-BETA3 powerpc64 GENERIC64 o 13.1-BETA3 powerpc64le GENERIC64LE o 13.1-BETA3 powerpcspe MPC85XXSPE o 13.1-BETA3 armv6 RPI-B o 13.1-BETA3 armv7 GENERICSD o 13.1-BETA3 aarch64 GENERIC o 13.1-BETA3 aarch64 RPI o 13.1-BETA3 aarch64 PINE64 o 13.1-BETA3 aarch64 PINE64-LTS o 13.1-BETA3 aarch64 PINEBOOK o 13.1-BETA3 aarch64 ROCK64 o 13.1-BETA3 aarch64 ROCKPRO64 o 13.1-BETA3 riscv64 GENERIC o 13.1-BETA3 riscv64 GENERICSD

          Note regarding arm SD card images: For convenience for those without console access to the system, a freebsd user with a password of freebsd is available by default for ssh(1) access. Additionally, the root user password is set to root. It is strongly recommended to change the password for both users after gaining access to the system.

          Installer images and memory stick images are available here:

          The image checksums follow at the end of this e-mail.

          If you notice problems you can report them through the Bugzilla PR system or on the -stable mailing list.

          If you would like to use Git to do a source based update of an existing system, use the "releng/13.1" branch.

          A summary of changes since 13.1-BETA2 includes:

          o Miscellaneous updates and fixes to the USB subsystem.

          o A bug fix in initialization of sblock.fs_maxbsize in newfs(8) had been addressed.

          o Miscellaneous updates and fixes to lindebugfs.

          o Compatibility fixes that are now not necessary in libcxxrt have been removed.

          o A compile-time change to compiler-rt had been implemented.

          o OpenSSL had been updated to version 1.1.1n.

          o A build-time fix when defining WITHOUT_BOOT in src.conf(5) had been addressed.

          o A fix to virtio_random(4) to avoid a deadlock had been implemented.

          o A build fix to if_epair(4) had been implemented.

          o The REPRODUCIBLE_BUILD option had been enabled by default.

          o The leap-seconds file had been updated to version 3676924800.

          o The timezone database had been updated to version 2022a.

          o A fix for vga(4) and vt(4) that could potentially lead to no video/console output had been addressed.

          o An update to arm64-specific code to make get_pcpu() a function had been implemented.

          o Support for automatically loading decryption keys from ZFS filesystems had been implemented.

          A list of changes since 13.0-RELEASE is available in the releng/13.1 release notes:

          Please note, the release notes page is not yet complete, and will be updated on an ongoing basis as the 13.1-RELEASE cycle progresses.

          === Virtual Machine Disk Images ===

          VM disk images are available for the amd64, i386, and aarch64 architectures. Disk images may be downloaded from the following URL (or any of the FreeBSD download mirrors):

          BASIC-CI images can be found at:

          The partition layout is:

          ~ 16 kB - freebsd-boot GPT partition type (bootfs GPT label) ~ 1 GB - freebsd-swap GPT partition type (swapfs GPT label) ~ 20 GB - freebsd-ufs GPT partition type (rootfs GPT label)

          The disk images are available in QCOW2, VHD, VMDK, and raw disk image formats. The image download size is approximately 135 MB and 165 MB respectively (amd64/i386), decompressing to a 21 GB sparse image.

          Note regarding arm64/aarch64 virtual machine images: a modified QEMU EFI loader file is needed for qemu-system-aarch64 to be able to boot the virtual machine images. See this page for more information:

          To boot the VM image, run:

          % qemu-system-aarch64 -m 4096M -cpu cortex-a57 -M virt \ -bios QEMU_EFI.fd -serial telnet::4444,server -nographic \ -drive if=none,file=VMDISK,id=hd0 \ -device virtio-blk-device,drive=hd0 \ -device virtio-net-device,netdev=net0 \ -netdev user,id=net0

          Be sure to replace "VMDISK" with the path to the virtual machine image.
      • SUSE/OpenSUSE

        • LinuxiacopenSUSE Tumbleweed Now Offering GNOME 42
          GNOME 42 is the most recent popular desktop version, but it is not yet available on most Linux distributions.

          Fortunately, individuals interested in trying out GNOME 42 can do so with openSUSE Tumbleweed, a rolling-release version that incorporates the most recent software upgrades. The 20220323 snapshots included this highly anticipated release from GNOME contributors.

        • Tumbleweed Gets GNOME 42

          openSUSE’s rolling release quickly gave Tumbleweed users the freshly released GNOME 42.

          This highly anticipated release from GNOME contributors landed in the 20220323 snapshot.

          GNOME 42 has a new global dark User Interface style preference and comes with a redesigned screenshot feature.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Red Hat OfficialRed Hat Lowers Barriers to Artificial Intelligence Projects with Red Hat OpenShift

          Red Hat OpenShift 4.10 adds new capabilities in support of AI, along with NVIDIA AI Enterprise 2.0 certification to help streamline development and fuel innovation around intelligent applications

        • Red Hat OfficialCommand Line Heroes: Season 9: Lurking Logic Bombs

          Logic bombs rarely have warning sounds. And when a logic bomb is discovered, there isn’t always enough time to defuse it. But there are ways to catch them.

        • Venture BeatThe risk of undermanaged open source software

          There are a lot of myths surrounding open source software, but one that continues to permeate conversations is that open source is not as secure as proprietary offerings. At face value, this claim would seem to hold merit as how do you secure a supply chain for a product that is created in an environment where anyone can contribute to it?

          But perceptions are changing, as open source code is running many of the most sophisticated computational workloads known to mankind. In fact, according to Red Hat’s 2022 The State of Enterprise Open Source report, 89% of respondents believe that enterprise open source software is as secure or more secure than proprietary software.

        • Enterprisers Project5 Harvard Business Review articles that will resonate with CIOs right now

          From hybrid work to artificial intelligence and everything in between, these HBR articles cover the critical topics IT leaders care about most

        • Enterprisers ProjectRemote work isn't enough: 5 tips for the future of flexibility at work | The Enterprisers Project

          For most of us, our pre-pandemic work lives centered heavily around a physical office space. Fueled by in-person interactions, workplace perks, and office social events, a strong sense of community and culture was important to the success of any organization.

          The pandemic changed this. No longer is remote work seen as a perk – it’s now a common offering that’s here to stay. To compete for talent, companies need to focus on being “people-first.” This means providing employees with the flexibility they need, and merely offering remote work will no longer cut it.

        • Fedora Magazaine"March of the penguins" or "How the OS vendors get their ducks in a row" - Fedora Magazine

          Various engineers that work on the Fedora Linux product line are brewing up a storm again. To find out more about their plans for world domination, check out this video!

        • IBM Old TimerIBM Vet Irving Wladawsky-Berger: The Widening Gap Between Technological and Institutional Change

          A few weeks ago I read The Exponential Age Will Transform Economics Forever, an article in Wired by Azeem Azhar based on his recently published book The Exponential Age. Azhar’s central thesis is that the chasm between what technology allows us to do and what our institutions are prepared to handle has been rapidly widening. New technologies are being invented and scaled at an ever-faster pace. But our institutions, - including our economic systems, political organizations and social norms, - are changing much more slowly. While technological advances follow an exponential curve, institutional adaptation follow a straight, incremental line.

          The gap between technological and institutional change is nothing new. Ever since the advent of the Industrial Revolution, there’s been a significant time lag between the emergence of a transformative technology and its ensuing impact on economies and societies. Even after reaching a tipping point of market acceptance, it takes considerable time, - often decades, - for their benefits to be fully realized.

          In The Productivity J-Curve, a 2018 NBER paper, Erik Brynjolfsson, Daniel Rock, and Chad Syverson explained that general purpose, transformative technologies, - such as the steam engine, electricity, and semiconductors, - “are the defining technologies of their times and can radically change the economic environment. They have great potential from the outset, but realizing that potential requires larger intangible and often unmeasured investments and a fundamental rethinking of the organization of production itself.”

        • Discoverability in API design | Adam Young’s Web Log

          Answering these questions can be automated. The user, and the tools they use, can discover the answers by working with the system. That is what I mean when I use the word “Discoverability.”

          We missed some opportunities to answer these questions when we designed the APIs for Keystone OpenStack. I’d like to talk about how to improve on what we did there.

          First I’d like to state what not to do.

        • FedoraCPE Weekly Update - Week of March 21st - 25th – Fedora Community Blog

          Purpose of this team is to take care of day to day business regarding CentOS and Fedora Infrastructure and Fedora release engineering work.

          It’s responsible for services running in Fedora and CentOS infrastructure and preparing things for the new Fedora release (mirrors, mass branching, new namespaces etc.).

        • Red Hat OfficialWant a stronger team? Embrace open culture | Enable Sysadmin

          I'm a Red Hat technical account manager (TAM). A few months ago, a customer contacted me about a major outage when system boot drives failed on dozens of hypervisor systems at four different sites—simultaneously. The outage killed hundreds of virtual machines and stressed backup sites across the United States.

      • Debian Family

        • DebConf22 Kosovo segregation of women exposed

          Accommodation plans have been published. We are alarmed to see that segregation will be in force. It makes poor doors look respectable.

          Ninety-eight percent (98%) of Debian Developers are male. These are employees of Google, Red Hat and Ubuntu disguised in Debian t-shirts. Accommodation advice gives them a list of hotels, their rooms paid by their employers. Each man will have an air-conditioned private room in the historic village center.

          Balkan women from Albania, Macedonia, Serbia and other low-income countries will be bussed in to the conference to correct the male imbalance. Fifty tickets have been reserved for this purpose, the equivalent of one bus, as we previously anticipated here. The accommodation advice tells us that Balkan women will be stored in the Innovation and Training Park (ITP). In fact, the ITP is the former KFOR base for military peacekeepers. Women will be there in the bunk beds in the dormitories.

      • Canonical/Ubuntu Family

        • A New Logo for Ubuntu Studio – Ubuntu Studio

          Many of you may have seen Ubuntu’s post about their logo refresh. Since Ubuntu Studio is a part of Ubuntu, we decided to follow suit.

          Beginning with the release of Ubuntu Studio 22.04 LTS, you will notice a new logo in the startup and splash screens, along with the website. These changes can be seen on the Ubuntu Studio Daily Builds and will be on the Ubuntu Studio 22.04 LTS Beta image.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Web Browsers

        • Chromium

          • Ubuntu PitChrome vs Chromium: Which One Is the Best Browser?

            Google Chrome and Chromium both were released in 2008, where Chrome was introduced by Google and Chromium by The Chromium Project. Soon after that, Google Chrome gained worldwide popularity, while users appreciates Chromium for its Open-source nature and some extra features.

            However, if you want to learn which one should be your best pick, you have to learn the basic difference between Chrome and Chromium. So, we are here today to show you the points where a battle of Chrome vs Chromium can occur.

        • Mozilla

          • The Register UKMozilla adds tiered subscription plans to MDN Web Docs ● The Register

            The Mozilla Developer Network, which hosts free, open access to web standard documentation, tools, samples and other good stuff, is going pay-for-play with a premium subscription plan that adds new personalization features.

            The Firefox maker announced today the subscription service, called MDN Plus, saying it will add three features for paid MDN users at launch: Notifications, collections, and MDN Offline.

            The MDN Learning Area and the front-end web developer learning pathway in MDN were the first indicators of what users wanted, Mozilla senior head of product Hermina Condei said, noting that MDN Plus marks "our first step to providing a personalized and more powerful experience while continuing to invest in our always free and open webdocs."

      • Productivity Software/LibreOffice/Calligra

      • Programming/Development

        • The Register UKHacker language preferences change with the times ● The Register

          Never mind what enterprise programmers are trained to do, a self-defined set of hackers has its own programming language zeitgeist, one that apparently changes with the wind, at least according to the relatively small set surveyed.

          Members of Europe's Chaos Computer Club, which calls itself "Europe's largest association of hackers" were part of a pool for German researchers to poll. The goal of the study was to discover what tools and languages hackers prefer, a mission that sparked some unexpected results.

          The researchers were interested in understanding what languages self-described hackers use, and also asked about OS and IDE choice, whether or not an individual considered their choice important for hacking and how much experience they had as a programmer and hacker.

        • Perl/Raku

  • Leftovers

    • Finishing Up, Moving On

      That said I’d really really like to go back to that previous job, if they make me a good offer for salary. Even the best they can do will be a step down from what I have now, because it’s a public employer, but I’m willing to go a little bit down for them.

    • Hardware

      • Building an RC car with my son – Random [Tech] Stuff

        Two days ago, my son ran home from school excited. He told me that in one of his classes in grade school, they built little “cars”. In reality, it was nothing more that a little block where they attached the wheels. Nonetheless, he had a fun time doing it. Being the father that I was, I immediately went to Amazon and found this kit from Pica Toys: Wireless Remote Control Race Car. The best part: no soldering required. It came with all parts and tools necessary to build the car plus remote control except for the batteries.

    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Pseudo-Open Source

          • Openwashing

            • OpenSource.comBalancing transparency as an open source community manager |

              Several weeks ago, my friend and colleague Kashyap Chamarthy posted an essay titled "What makes an effective open-source 'community gardener?'" By community gardener, he means what most of us traditionally call a community manager. I like his choice of terminology, though, as I've written before about how difficult it is even to define what a community manager does, let alone the right thing to call it.

              The "gardener" metaphor is good because a community needs nurturing, weeding, watering, light, and so on. However, the implication that it can become overgrown with weeds without a gardener isn't particularly charitable to the community members. Community organizers, liaisons, and leaders all suffer from different problems, too, because the community does a lot of these functions on its own.

        • Security

          • diffoscope 208 released

            The diffoscope maintainers are pleased to announce the release of diffoscope version 208.

          • Fear, Uncertainty, Doubt/Fear-mongering/Dramatisation

            • Hacker NewsHackers Target Bank Networks with new Rootkit to Steal Money from ATM Machines [Ed: Conflating Solaris with "Linux"]

              A financially motivated threat actor has been observed deploying a previously unknown rootkit targeting Oracle Solaris systems with the goal of compromising Automatic Teller Machine (ATM) switching networks and carrying out unauthorized cash withdrawals at different banks using fraudulent cards.


              Mandiant, which was able to recover memory forensic data from one of the victimized ATM switch servers, noted that one variant of the kernel rootkit came with specialized features that enabled it to intercept card and PIN verification messages and use the stolen data to perform fraudulent cash withdrawals from ATM terminals.

              Also put to use are two backdoors known as SLAPSTICK and TINYSHELL, both attributed to UNC1945 and are employed to gain persistent remote access to mission-critical systems as well as shell execution and file transfers via rlogin, telnet, or SSH.

    • Defence/Aggression

      • USDOJFour Russian Government Employees Charged in Two Historical Hacking Campaigns Targeting Critical Infrastructure Worldwide [Ed: Proprietary SCADA with Windows]

        The Department of Justice unsealed two indictments today charging four defendants, all Russian nationals who worked for the Russian government, with attempting, supporting and conducting computer intrusions that together, in two separate conspiracies, targeted the global energy sector between 2012 and 2018. In total, these hacking campaigns targeted thousands of computers, at hundreds of companies and organizations, in approximately 135 countries.

        A June 2021 indictment returned in the District of Columbia, United States v. Evgeny Viktorovich Gladkikh, concerns the alleged efforts of an employee of a Russian Ministry of Defense research institute and his co-conspirators to damage critical infrastructure outside the United States, thereby causing two separate emergency shutdowns at a foreign targeted facility. The conspiracy subsequently attempted to hack the computers of a U.S. company that managed similar critical infrastructure entities in the United States.

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Professor Eben Moglen Explained How Software Patent Threats Had Changed Around 2014 (Alice Case) and What Would Happen Till 2025
clip aged reasonably well
GNU/Linux Adoption in Africa, a Passageway Towards Freedom From Neo-Colonialism
Digi(tal)-Colonialism and/or Techolonialism are a thing. Can Africa flee the trap?
CNN Contributes to Demolition of the Open Web
Reprinted with permission from Ryan Farmer
Eben Moglen on Encryption and Anonymity
The alternate net we need, and how we can build it ourselves
Yet More Microsofters Inside the Board of Mozilla (Which Has Just Outsourced Firefox Development to Microsoft's Proprietary Prison)
Do you want a browser controlled (and spied on) by such a company?
IRC Proceedings: Monday, December 04, 2023
IRC logs for Monday, December 04, 2023
GNU/Linux Now Exceeds 3.6% Market Share on Desktops/Laptops, According to statCounter
things have changed for Windows in China
Over at Tux Machines...
GNU/Linux news
Links 05/12/2023: Debt Brake in Germany and Layoffs at Condé Nast (Reddit, Wired, Ars Technica and More)
Links for the day