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Links 24/07/2022: GNU Parallel 20220722 ('Roe vs Wade') and Many SBC Projects

  • GNU/Linux

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • Tux Digital207: SCaLE 19x, RISC-V Laptop, Unreal Engine 5, Asahi Linux, System76 and more Linux news!

        On this episode of This Week in Linux: SCaLE 19x, Pre-Orders for First RISC-V Laptop, Gamify Your Life with Habitica, Unreal Engine 5 Offical Binaries for Linux, Bitwig Builds Official Flatpak for Linux, Asahi Linux Project Update, Apache OpenOffice, System76’s New Oryx Pro Laptop, FFMPEG 5.1, and much more on Your Weekly Source for Linux GNews!

    • Kernel Space

      • uni TorontoI've now used Linux nftables for firewall rules and it went okay

        For a long time, Linux has perhaps been in a transition from the venerable iptables to nftables. I'm haven't been terribly enthused about nftables in the past (the last time I considered it I was persuaded to take a different path) for an assortment of reasons. My recent use of nftables wasn't because I've changed my spots; instead, it's because Ubuntu 22.04 has chosen to make nftables the native interface. If you install a stock 22.04 server, you'll get a system where the 'iptables' binary is actually a compatibility shim that sets up nftables rules. When I had to do some new firewall stuff on an Ubuntu 22.04 machine recently, I decided that I'd try nftables through its native interface.

    • Applications

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • Data SwampHow to use sshfs on OpenBSD [Ed: Slow Sunday, but still some howtos]

        But OpenBSD has a different security model than in other Unixes systems, you can't use FUSE (Filesystem in USErspace) file systems from a non-root user. And because you need to run your fuse mount program as root, the mount point won't be reachable by other users because of permissions.

        Fortunately, with the correct combination of flags, this is actually achievable.

      • LinuxOpSysConfigure Static IP Address on Ubuntu 20.04 (Server CLI and Desktop)

        In your IT environment, sometimes you may be compelled to configure a static IP instead of relying on the DHCP protocol. A perfect example is when you are setting up a Ubuntu server to act as a file or a web server for your organization. A static IP, as the name suggests, ensures that the IP address of your system remains unchanged. With DHCP, the IP address changes once the lease time for the IP address expires and this is undesirable for servers.

        In this guide, we will explore two ways of manually assigning a static IP on Ubuntu 20.04. We will demonstrate how you can configure a static IP on an instance of Ubuntu server and Ubuntu desktop.

      • LinuxOpSysHow to Upload Files to S3 using Terraform

        Terraform is an open-source, Infrastructure as Code tool, created by HashiCorp. It is a tool for building, changing, and versioning infrastructure safely and efficiently in the cloud. Infrastructure as code tool allows developers to codify infrastructure in a way that makes provisioning automated, faster, and repeatable.

        Amazon S3 is an object storage that you can use to store and retrieve any amount of data, at any time, from anywhere on the web.

      • LinuxOpSysHow to Create Your Own Repository for Packages on Debian

        There are various reasons why you would want to build your own local repository. It is a great way to create a local mirror repository for caching frequently used packages used by many computers to save bandwidth usage, or you might have a few modified packages that you want to make internally available for the dev team.

      • ID RootHow To Install Kdenlive on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS - idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install Kdenlive on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, Kdenlive is a powerful free and open-source cross-platform video editing program made by the KDE community. Kdenlive allows you multi-track video editing also compatible with almost any audio and video.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you the step-by-step installation of the Kdenlive video editor on Ubuntu 22.04 (Jammy Jellyfish). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 22.04 and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint, Elementary OS, Pop!_OS, and more as well.

      • Linux CapableHow to Install Joplin Note-Taking App on Manjaro 21 Linux

        Joplin is a free, open-source note-taking application that can be used on any computer, tablet, or smartphone.

      • Trend OceansHow to Install Apple Music Client Cider on Linux - TREND OCEANS

        If you are a melophile like me and have multiple accounts on popular streaming platforms like Spotify, Tidal, and Apple Music, then you might have experienced that there is not an easy way to install them on a Linux system.

        However, we have already written a detailed guide on how to install Spotify and Tidal on Linux. So, today the focus will be on Apple Music.

      • Trend OceansHow to Install and Use Homebrew Package Manager on Linux - TREND OCEANS

        Homebrew gained its popularity after being the default package manager for macOS. It’s heavily used by developers to install, remove, and manage packages from the command line.

        Also, you cannot deny the fact that Linux is leading the race by providing an amazing package manager. Apart from that, you will also get Snap, Flatpak, and AppImage to manage your packages from the command line.

        But Homebrew’s popularity didn’t set it back, and Linuxbrew (a port of Homebrew) was created for Linux. However, the Linuxbrew project has merged with Homebrew, creating just one brew known as Homebrew. The question arises, why should you use the Homebrew package manager on Linux when you have others?

      • Linux CapableHow to Install 7-Zip on Manjaro 21 Linux

        Created in 1999, 7-Zip is a free, open-source file archiver software that compresses files into archive containers with higher compression rates than most other archivers. In addition to beating most other forms of compression by 2-10%, 7-Zip also supports strong AES-256 encryption in 7z and ZIP formats. While 7-Zip may not be as famous as some archivers, its multi-archive format support across most known software makes it a powerful option for those seeking an archive solution. Overall, 7-Zip is a reliable and efficient file archiver worth checking out.

      • HowTo ForgeRate Limiting with Nginx

        Rate Limiting With nginx. This article explains how to use the nginx HttpLimitReqModule to limit the number of requests for a given session. This is useful, for example, if your site is hammered by a bot doing multiple requests per second and thus increasing your server load. With the HttpLimitReqModule you can define a rate limit, and if a visitor exceeds this rate, he will get a 503 error.

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • Its FOSSWayland Core Protocol is Tailored Only for GNOME and That's Not a Good Thing [Opinion] - It's FOSS News

          Wayland is a display server system based on the idea of protocols. That means that there is no Wayland display server that clients need to talk to. Instead, Wayland defines a protocol for creating display servers. Any client application that is programmed to use this protocol can work on any display server(or compositor) that fully supports this protocol. It’s like the world wide web protocols, where any website can work on any browser as long as the browser is completely supporting the web protocols. So you don’t create websites for specific browsers.

          That also means that the functions defined in the protocol decide what applications (aka clients) can do & what they can’t do. Returning to the example of the website, if the protocol doesn’t define necessary functions, it will limit the web developers. Take CSS as an example; if it wasn’t available in the web protocols, all websites would have looked the same and boring. So the protocol must include all necessary basics in a way that doesn’t limit developers to a few cases and uses.

  • Distributions and Operating Systems

    • BSD

      • FreeBSDGuest Post: FreeBSD in Science | FreeBSD Foundation

        FreeBSD has always been an exceptional platform for scientific computing, thanks in large part to its unrivaled reliability. This allows for computational analyses that need to run for weeks or months, a risky proposition on many platforms. Even if an intensive analysis can be parallelized, restarts are still expensive in terms of time, compute resources, and electric bills.

        The FreeBSD ports system is another advantage for scientific computing. It facilitates instant installation of over 30,000 software packages, with the option to build any of them from source using non-portable optimizations such as -march=native. This can make a big difference in run time for software that benefits from the latest SSE and AVX CPU features.

        FreeBSD ports has seen continued growth and maturation in the scientific categories, now boasting over 2,000 scientific ports across astro, biology, cad, math, and science, with the biology category recently surging past the 200 mark to 228. A major milestone is the biostar-tools meta-port, which makes it trivial for FreeBSD users to install all of the software needed to learn from the Biostar Handbook, the premier introductory text for budding bioinformaticians.

      • DragonFly BSD DigestWhere the (dports) action is – DragonFly BSD Digest

        I mentioned a new committer for DragonFly, Sergey Zigachev, recently. He hasn’t shown in the commit logs for DragonFly directly – cause he’s fixing up dports. I’m mentioning that because the amount of work that goes into dports to keep all those ports working on DragonFly is separate and unseen – but necessary.

      • DragonFly BSD DigestIn Other BSDs for 2022/07/23
      • DragonFly BSD DigestBSD Now 464: Compiling with kefir – DragonFly BSD Digest

        BSD Now 464 is out for the week, and has the normal roundup. Nothing unusual to point out, just good reading.

    • Fedora Rawhide Performance / Red Hat

      • The performance impact of various debug options on Fedora Rawhide debug kernels

        The current Fedora Rawhide kernels are too slow to run libguestfs tests when doing Koji builds. These run in a qemu VM, running the Rawhide kernel, emulated using software virtualization (ie. TCG). They now time out because these kernels are so slow. Until fairly recently they were slow but working. I wondered if particular debug options had a greater effect on performance, so I compiled many kernels (v5.19-rc7 from upstream) using the baseline "no debug" config, then adding each debug option that we use in turn, and measuring the performance using [1], using qemu software virtualization (TCG). The tests were run many times with warmups discarded to get the mean and standard deviation, using the hyperfine program[2]. The results are below, and not very conclusive, but some options do have a very large performance impact. NO_DEBUG is the kernel compiled with no debug options enabled (ie. the baseline). In the actual debug kernel I expect the slow downs to be multiplied together. To test that I did an extra run with all debug options enabled (ALL_DEBUG). CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING, CONFIG_LOCK_STAT and CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC were present and enabled in the kernel when it was imported into git in 2010. CONFIG_DEBUG_WW_MUTEX_SLOWPATH was turned off in the past (RHBZ#1114160). It seems to have been switched on again in 2020. CONFIG_DEBUG_KMEMLEAK seems like it was enabled in 2012. It's also possible that an existing debug option has got slower in the upstream kernel, that is, it's not that we've recently changed something in Fedora.

      • TechTargetCompare Docker vs. Podman for container management

        Docker and Podman offer similar capabilities to manage containers, but Docker's security vulnerabilities might make Podman more appealing for some admins.

      • Silicon AngleHow Red Hat’s new CEO Matt Hicks revealed his view of IT through interviews with theCUBE [Ed: Failing to disclose that Red Hat is paying them for these puff pieces, or selectively disclosing that, sometimes...]

        With his elevation this month to become the next chief executive of Red Hat Inc., Matt Hicks joined a select club of enterprise leaders well-known in tech circles but perhaps not as familiar to corporate America or the general business press.

    • Devices/Embedded

      • CNX SoftwareNanoPi R4SE dual Gigabit Ethernet router adds 32GB eMMC flash - CNX Software

        NanoPi R4SE is a variant of the Rockchip RK3399-powered NanoPi R4S dual Gigabit Ethernet router that adds a 32GB eMMC flash instead of only relying on a microSD card for the operating system.

        Most of the specifications remain the same with dual GbE, two USB 3.0 ports, but the router is now only offered with 4GB LPDDR4 and there’s no option for only 1GB RAM, and the GPIO and USB 2.0 headers are gone. The listed temperature range also changed from -20€°C to 70€°C to 0€°C to 80€°C.

      • Linux GizmosATX board integrates 12th Gen Intel processors, dual 2.5GbE, quad-displays and 5G/LTE support

        A few days ago, IBASE unveiled an ATX motherboard debuting the 12th Gen Intel Core processors. The MBB-1000 supports up to 128GB DDR4 RAM, four SATA ports, eight USB 3.1 ports and several other peripherals.

        The MBB-1000 motherboards feature an LGA 1700 socket compatible with the latest Intel’s Alder Lake processors that integrate up to 8 P-cores and E-cores. According to the product page, the chipsets supported will be the R680E, Q670E and the W680. See this link to see the chipsets comparison.

    • Open Hardware/Modding

      • Tom's HardwareRaspberry Pi Backpack Is Ready for Hacking on the Go | Tom's Hardware [Ed: Lots of projects with SBCs in spite of the unprecedented shortages]

        The Raspberry Pi is an excellent option for sprucing up your home life, but what if you wanted to take it on the go? That’s where projects like this one from Davide Marchetti with Bag Builds (opens in new tab) comes into play. He’s taken the Raspberry Pi and a few extra accessories and packed them into a mobile platform inside a backpack.

        With his Pi-powered backpack system, Marchetti is ready for all sorts of “outdoor hacktivities” as he puts it. It includes a bunch of fun tools ranging from a sound system to a HackRF antenna, so he’s ready for anything fun and serious that might come his way while out and about. But, of course, a degree of flexibility comes with all-in-one rigs like this—which is part of its appeal—so pinning its purpose on one goal is challenging.

      • GizmodoThis James Webb Space Telescope Mirror Displays Real JWST Images

        To make the mirror worth staring at even for those who aren’t vain, the Cellar Nerd replaced the sensors in the center of the Webb Space Telescope’s mirror array with a salvaged 15.6-inch laptop screen connected to a Raspberry Pi 2 that holds actual images captured by the real telescope and scales them to fit the visible part of the screen as part of a passive slideshow. Eventually, the Cellar Nerd plans to update the mirror to automatically retrieve new images from the Webb Space Telescope as they’re shared online, to add to an ever-growing slideshow.

      • Tom's HardwareRaspberry Pi Zero 2 W Lego-Powered Submarine Makes a Splash | Tom's Hardware

        We’ve seen hundreds of Raspberry Pi projects on dry land, but not too many that function underwater. Brick Experiment Channel (BEC) created this impressive Lego-powered Submarine and used a Pi to drive the operation. It doesn’t just move forward; BEC has programmed it with several features that allow it to navigate still and moving waters.

        According to BEC, the submarine is radio-controlled, allowing for remote operation. Using a variety of sensors, it’s capable of maintaining its depth and can position itself in relation to the ground below. This positioning ability can be set manually and operates automatically.

        If you haven’t heard of Brick Experiment Channel, you’re in for a Lego-centric treat. Most of the projects you’ll find on the blog are created using Lego integrated with microelectronics. Previous projects worth a look include these pole climbing robots and this exciting boat train made from ten separate Lego boats. If it can be made with Lego, suffice to say that BEC is more than capable of tackling the project.

      • Tom's HardwareRaspberry Pi Powers Machine Learning Terminator | Tom's Hardware

        This Raspberry Pi project created by maker Michael Darby of 314Reactor brings the fictional world of The Terminator to life. With the help of a Raspberry Pi 4 and a slew of accessories, he’s recreated the eerie T-800 Terminator villain—but, thankfully, it’s only the skull so we’re safe…for now.

        This project is housed inside of a replica prop that’s just big enough to house a full-sized Pi. In addition to the Pi, Darby has fitted the skull with a speaker for audio output and a camera module in the eye. Darby is using machine learning (ML) to synthesize speech as well as recognize objects detected via the camera module.

      • Tom's HardwareAmazon Alexa Controls Raspberry Pi Pico Door Lock

        Building the smart home of your dreams is as easy as Pi—Raspberry Pi that is. To prove this, today’s project created by Jithin over at the Electromaker website is a Raspberry Pi Pico powered project that controls a door lock using Amazon Alexa’s voice control system.

      • Tom's HardwareRaspberry Pi Tracks Airport Arrivals and Departures | Tom's Hardware

        If there’s one thing a Raspberry Pi is good for, it’s working with data from the web. This project, created by maker and developer Rui Alves, is taking this idea to new heights, via the world of aviation. This homemade arrivals and departures board keep tracks up incoming and outbound flights in real-time for any airport of your choosing.

        It works by pulling relevant flight data from an open source API, processing the flight details, and displaying that information on a custom display. It features an animation effect that closely resembles airport flip boards. These animations trigger each time the flight data is updated. Overall, the end result is a tiny desktop arrivals and departures board that looks just like the ones you’ll find in actual airports.

      • MedevelMicroscope-PiCam: An Open-source Raspberry Pi Microscope

        Microscope-PiCam is a free open-source web-based solution that acts as the soul of a Raspberry Pi based microscope.

        It is an ideal solution for taking still images using a 12 MP HQ camera attached to a gemmological microscope.

        The project has detailed instructions on how to setup your Raspberry Pi with the camera and attached them to the microscope.

      • ArduinoConverting a Commodore PET into a USB docking station

        Docking stations come in many forms with many different purposes, but the general idea is always to expand a laptop’s (or tablet’s) capabilities. In this case, it turns the connected laptop into a desktop experience with a dedicated screen and a full tactile keyboard. The keyboard wasn’t actually very good in the Commodore PET 64, but Luna has plans to upgrade it with a MechBoard64 to keep the original look with modern high-quality mechanical keyswitches. As it stands, the PET 64’s keyboard connects to the docked laptop and a 12” TFT LCD screen (in place of the PET 64’s original CRT monitor) acts as a second monitor for the laptop.

      • Jeff GeerlingBuilding a fast all-SSD NAS (on a budget)

        Therefore, I always used to edit videos off my local SSD drive. And sometimes over the network using macOS's built-in file sharing. But as my video workflow matures, I find myself needing a central storage solution disconnected from my main workstation.

        Thus, the all-SSD high-performance edit NAS—on a budget.

        I had five 8TB Samsung QVO SSDs from my insane $5000 Raspberry Pi server build. Until now, I had them inside my 2.5 Gbps NAS. But I wanted to build my own NAS capable of saturating a 10 Gbps connection, and allowing extremely low latency data access over the network to my two Macs, both of which are connected to my wired 10 Gbps home network.

      • MedevelOpenFlexure is an Open-source 3D-Printed Low-cost Microscope

        The OpenFlexure Microscope is a 3D printable microscope, including a precise mechanical stage to move the sample and focus the optics. There are many different options for the optics, ranging from a webcam lens to a 100x, oil immersion objective.

        It comes with a sophisticated guide that helps anyone print the microscope with any 3D printer, an open-source software to start using the microscope which works on Windows, Linux, and macOS, and rich tutorials to make its usage smooth and fun.

        Optomechanics is a crucial part of any microscope; when working at high magnification, it is absolutely crucial to keep the sample steady and to be able to bring it into focus precisely.

      • HackadayIs 3D Printing Up To A Turntable?

        Thanks to a feature by Prusament€ because it uses their filament, we’ve been interested to read about the SongBird turntable from the British outfit Frame Theory (Note: at time of writing, they have an expired certificate). It’s a commercial product with an interesting twist for the Hi-Fi business: buy the completed turntable or buy a kit of parts and print the rest yourself.

    • Mobile Systems/Mobile Applications

  • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

    • KlaraContributing to Open Source Beyond Software Development | Klara Inc.

      The cornerstone of any open source project is a rich and diverse community—not the code. Open source projects thrive because of the community built around them.

      A project’s ideas, comments, bug reports, forums, Twitter discussions, advocacy, design, documentation, mailing lists, and code contributions all reflect the presence of this community. These contribute to the project’s success and assure its long-term sustainability. Building such a community around open-source software (OSS) projects requires everyone contributing—hobbyists, developers, and non-developers such as technical writers, designers, and community managers—to stand on each other’s shoulders.

      However, non-coding contributions are frequently overlooked and underappreciated in open-source initiatives. Let’s cover why non-developer contributions should be appreciated and why those contributions help projects thrive.

    • Computer WeeklyThe Matrix Interoperated: Element fuses growth in open source messaging protocol€ 

      Matrix is an open network for decentralised communication.

      The brand has now surpassed sixty-million users worldwide after experiencing 71% growth in the last 12 months.

      All Matrix-based apps are natively interoperable and its developers claim to have produced a means of offering secure communication that is free from data mining.

      Matrix’s flagship app Element is messaging and collaboration platform that works as a (free) privacy-respecting replacement for the likes of WhatsApp.

      Why might we need a WhatsApp replacement?

      As reported here on Forbes, “WhatsApp’s privacy label is awful. It’s the only leading secure messenger that harvests ‘data linked to you’, including your device ID, for ‘developer’s advertising and marketing’. It also collects your contact info, user ID and device ID for ominously vague ‘other purposes’. Other messengers collect your data to tailor functionality. WhatsApp is harvesting it for other reasons.”

    • Web Browsers

      • Björn WärmedalThe Modern Web's Many Single Points of Failure [Ed: Standards are being abandoned in the name of "innovation" (vendor lock-in)]

        Modern web services build their entire businesses on being available and their customers come to expect it. They use a whole suite of tools to reach that goal, but each new tool brings both benefits and risks. Would a slower development pace and a lower expectation of uptime and speed bring more security?

    • GNU Projects

    • Programming/Development

      • TechTargetA quick glance at the history of C programming languages [Ed: After 50 years C is still around! And still leading]

        Since C hit the scene in 1972, the language has continuously evolved to stay relevant in modern development. We examine C's history and why it's still relevant.

      • Daniel LemireHow quickly can you convert floats to doubles (and back)? – Daniel Lemire's blog

        Many programming languages have two binary floating-point types: float (32-bit) and double (64-bit). It reflects the fact that most general-purpose processors supports both data types natively.

        Often we need to convert between the two types. Both ARM and x64 processors can do in one inexpensive instructions. For example, ARM systems may use the fcvt instruction.

      • MedevelUtopia is an Open-source Real-time React Design and Coding Environment

        Utopia is a free open-source React development and design environment that allows developers to enjoy a visual real-time coding and design within one platform.

        Utopia is a browser-based project that can run on a server or any local computer. It can be installed on Windows, Linux, and macOS.

        Utopia is highly compatible with Microsoft open-source VS Code editor as it combines it coding functionality, with a real-time editing and design tools that is more similar to Xcode or even Sketch.

      • RlangBeta version of NIMBLE with automatic differentiation, including HMC sampling and Laplace approximation | R-bloggers

        We’re excited to announce that NIMBLE now supports automatic differentiation (AD), also known as algorithmic differentiation, in a beta version available on our website.

      • RlangWhy this is the year you should take the stage at EARL 2022… | R-bloggers

        EARL is Europe’s largest R community event dedicated to showcasing commercial applications of the R language. As a conference, it has always lived up to its promise of connecting and inspiring R users with creative suggestions and solutions, sparking new ideas, solving problems and sharing perspectives to advance the community.

      • Geeks For GeeksTop Data Structures That Every Programmer Must Know

        A Data Structure organizes and stores data in a computer so that we can perform operations on the data more efficiently. There are many diverse applications of data structures in Computer Science and Software Engineering. The use of data structures is most common in all computer programs and software systems. As well, data structures are an important part of the fundamentals of Computer Science and Software Engineering. There is no doubt that this topic is a key component of Software Engineering and also very important from the perspective of interview preparation. Therefore we must have good knowledge about data structure, In this post, we are going to discuss with you the top Data structure that every programmer must know. The knowledge of top data structure also becomes important for the implementation of the advanced data structure.

      • Geeks For GeeksHow to prepare for ICFP or International Conference on Functional Programming?

        The ICFP Programming Competition is an international programming competition that has been held in June or July every year since 1998. The results were presented at the International Conference on Functional Programming.

      • RlangJoin rstudio::conf(2022) Virtually

        Live streaming: Keynotes and talks will be livestreamed on the rstudio::conf website, free and open to all. No registration is required.

      • Lawrence TrattCHERITech22 and PLISS 2022

        CHERITech22 is free; PLISS does have a registration fee, though we are able to subsidise some attendees who otherwise might not be able to attend. In both cases you have to fill out a form expressing your interest in attending, and we'll notify the successful applicants later.

      • NVISO LabsAnalysis of a trojanized jQuery script: GootLoader unleashed

        In this blog post, we will perform a deep analysis into GootLoader, malware which is known to deliver several types of payloads, such as Kronos trojan, REvil, IcedID, GootKit payloads and in this case Cobalt Strike.

        In our analysis we’ll be using the initial malware sample itself together with some malware artifacts from the system it was executed on. The malicious JavaScript code is hiding within a jQuery JavaScript Library and contains about 287kb of data and consists of almost 11.000 lines of code. We’ll do a step-by-step analysis of the malicious JavaScript file.

      • ButtondownOn Metafiles

        The XML is a metafile which represents three different “actual” files. I’d estimate that this trick cut at least a week off the project time.

        (Why XML? It’s a poor data language, but it’s the best markup language for text. XML is good because it 1) preserves whitespace, 2) has inline markup, and 3) cleanly delineates between content and content data (via attributes).1)

      • FinnstatsBest Books for Data Engineers

        Best Books for Data Engineers, Are you seeking the best books on data engineering? If so, your quest is over here.

        We’ve outlined the top 8 books on data engineering in this article. So, read the entire article to choose which book is ideal for you.

        The person in charge of overseeing data workflows, pipelines, and ETL procedures is known as a data engineer.

        Data engineering, as its name suggests, is a field that deals with the delivery, storage, and processing of data.

        SQL, R, Python, Spark, AWS, and other specialized technologies are the ones that data engineers need to master.

      • RlangBest Books to learn Tensorflow | R-bloggers

        Best Books to learn Tensorflow, Are you interested in learning Tensorflow and searching for the best resources to do so? If so, you are in the proper location. We compiled a comprehensive list of the top Tensorflow learning materials in this article.

        So take a moment to look for the best resources for learning Tensorflow. This article can be bookmarked so that you can access it later.

      • Python

        • Geeks For GeeksHow to Become a Python Developer?

          Python is indeed a very demanding and easy language in which everyone wants to grow his/her career. It has also been the most used language with a percentage of 48.24% globally.

    • Standards/Consortia

      • CNNWhy Bluetooth remains an 'unusually painful' technology after two decades

        ABI Research estimates that 5 billion Bluetooth-enabled devices will ship to consumers this year, with that figure expected to rise to 7 billion by 2026. Bluetooth is now in everything from smartphones to refrigerators to lightbulbs, allowing a growing number of products to connect to each other seamlessly — sometimes.

        Despite its pervasiveness, the technology is still prone to headache-inducing issues, whether it's the struggle to set up a new device to connect with, switching headphones between devices or simply being too far out of range to connect.

      • Jan SchaumannDNS Response Size

        Well, turns out it's not quite as arbitrary as it may seem. Given that we want to avoid packet fragmentation along the way from the resolver to the client, we are looking to establish a reasonable guess for the most common Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) for the networks our packets might cross. That number is rather commonly 1500 bytes (in part because Ethernet II uses 1500 byte frames, and measurements done by researchers Axel Koolhaas and Tjeerd Slokker confirmed this size).

  • Leftovers

    • Bozhidar BatsovDealing with Unwanted Email

      The recipe is simple, but quite effective. It definitely beats not doing anything, as often sales people and recruiters will send you numerous “follow-up” emails if you let them do so. Some email services like HEY block email from unknown senders by default and that’s another effective way to combat unwanted email. You can build similar workflows with most popular email vendors - e.g. here’s how you can do this with Fastmail.

    • Science

      • India TimesTechM, Mahindra University to set up lab for Metaverse, quantum computing

        Makers Lab will focus on the effect of quantum on image optimisation for satellites etc and explore work on explainable AI(artificial intelligence) in collaboration with Mahindra University, Malhotra said.

      • Daniel LemireNegative incentives in academic research – Daniel Lemire's blog

        In the first half of the XXth century, there were relatively few scientists, and these scientists were generally not lavishly funded. Yet it has been convincingly argued that these scientists were massively more productive. We have entered a ‘dark age’ where we are mostly stagnant. It is not that there is no progress per se, but progress is slow, uncommon and expensive.

        Why might that be? I believe that it has to do with important ‘negative incentives’ that we have introduced. In effect, we have made scientists less productive. We probably did so through several means, but two effects are probably important: the widespread introduction of research competitions and the addition of extrinsic motivations.

    • Hardware

      • VOA NewsHow China Became Ground Zero for the Auto Chip Shortage

        The global chip shortage over the past two years – caused by pandemic supply chaos combined with booming demand – has transformed what had been a high-volume, low-margin trade into one with the potential for wealth-spinning deals, he says.

        Automotive chip order times remain long around the world, but brokers like Pang and thousands like him are focusing on China, which has become ground zero for a crunch that the rest of the industry is gradually moving beyond.

        Globally, new orders are backed up by an average of about a year, according to a Reuters survey of 100 automotive chips produced by the five leading manufacturers.

      • HackadayAdding A Battery To Extend Speaker Life

        Perhaps the weakest point in modern electronics when it comes to user servicability is the lifecycle of the batteries included from the manufacturer. Without easily replaceable batteries, many consumer goods end up in the landfill when they’re otherwise working perfectly. If you’d like to get more out of your devices than the manufacturer intends, you might have to go to great lengths like [Théo] did with his JBL speaker.

      • HackadayPurpose-Built Plotter Pitches In To Solve Wordblitz On Your Phone

        It seems like most hackers have never played a game without at least wondering how to cheat at it. It’s not that we’re a dishonest lot, at least not as a rule. It’s more that most games hold less challenge for us than does figuring out how to reverse engineer the game’s mechanics. We don’t intend to cheat; it just sort of happens.

      • HackadayDigital “Toy” Camera, Made For Tilt-Shift And Other Analog-Like Experimenting

        Like many others, [volzo] loves playing with photography in a playful and experimental way. Oddball lenses, vintage elements, and building from kits is what that world looks like. But that kind of stuff is really the domain of film cameras, or at least it was until [volzo] created his Digital Toy Camera design. The result? A self-built, lomography-friendly digital camera that allows for all kinds of weird and wonderful attachments and photo shenanigans.

      • HackadayHack Your Brain: Bionic Reading — Panacea Or Placebo?

        In the Star Trek episode€ Space Seed, [Khan] famously said, “Improve a mechanical device, and you may double productivity. But improve man, you gain a thousandfold.” Most of our hacks center on the mechanical or electromechanical kind, but we do have an interest in safely improving ourselves. The problem is that most of us don’t want to mess with our DNA or have surgery, so it sort of limits our options.

      •€» What is the fastest ARM SoC? – GeekBench results Samsung S21 Ultra & how to send Android Apps over Bluetooth (or E-Mail) & how to backup an Android App to file |

        When will Intel & AMD release their first ARM based SoC? “Intel is working on a new SoC (system on a chip) that will compete with the ARM-based designs that have dominated the mobile market for several years. Through a partnership with fabless chip designer SiFive (RISC-V), Intel is licensing IP to create its own 64-bit SoC that’s built on its 7nm node.

        Last week, Intel announced a partnership with SiFive for its upcoming Horse Creek platform. Intel is using SiFive’s P550 core for the Horse Creek design, which is SiFive’s “highest performance processor” available. Intel said it will be incorporating its own IP, including DDR and PCIe, into the design.” (src:

    • Health/Nutrition/Agriculture

      • RTLResearchers find up to 88 different pollutants in children's hair

        The researchers behind the "pioneering" Luxembourgish study, which was published this week, have found that children are regularly exposed to numerous pollutants. These can be linked to the development of "neurological diseases, developmental issues, hormonal disruption, respiratory and cardiovascular disorders, cancer and obesity".

        By collecting hair samples from 256 resident children below 13 years of age, the researchers sought to better understand the chemical pollutants children were exposed to. A questionnaire was used to gather information on the children's lifestyles, such as whether they had any pets at home, where they lived, and what they ate.

      • Hollywood ReporterYouTube Says It Will Remove Videos Showing Abortion Misinformation

        YouTube said it will take the video as part of its policy to “prioritize connecting people to content from authoritative sources on health topics.” The company already has an existing misinformation policy, which prohibits “certain types of misleading or deceptive content with serious risk of egregious harm.” This includes “harmful remedies or treatments, certain types of technically manipulated content, or content interfering with democratic process,” as well as content that “contradicts local health authorities’ or WHO guidance on certain safe medical practices.”

      • TruthOutAs Abortion Providers Move to New Mexico, "Crisis Pregnancy Centers" Follow
      • HackadayMachine Learning Baby Monitor Prevents The Hunger Games

        Newborn babies can be tricky to figure out, especially for first-time parents. Despite the abundance of unsolicited advice proffered by anyone who ever had a baby before — and many who haven’t — most new parents quickly get in sync with the baby’s often ambiguous signals. But [Caleb] took his observations of his newborn a step further and built a machine-learning hungry baby early warning system that’s pretty slick.

      • Common DreamsWHO Declares Monkeypox a Global Public Health Emergency

        The World Health Organization on Saturday formally classified monkeypox as a "public health emergency of international concern," warning that the viral disease is spreading rapidly across the globe.

        The WHO's decision came after a panel of advisers failed to reach a consensus position on whether monkeypox constitutes a global health emergency. Saturday's move marks the second time in two years that the WHO has issued such an international health emergency declaration.

    • Proprietary

      • Dawn MediaGoogle fires software engineer who claimed its AI chatbot is sentient

        Google and many leading scientists were quick to dismiss Lemoine's views as misguided, saying LaMDA is simply a complex algorithm designed to generate convincing human language.

      • India TimesAlbania resumes public online services, probes cyberattack [iophk: Windows TCO]

        Investigators are conducting what Rama described as the most delicate part of their probe, which is gathering evidence to identify one of the two countries suspected of the attack.

        Authorities said a "wide and complex" cyberattack tried to hit critical government systems on Friday afternoon before they were shut down.

    • Security

      • Security WeekNew Cross-Platform 'Luna' Ransomware Only Offered to Russian Affiliates | SecurityWeek.Com [Ed: This only works if you've already taken over the machine]

        A new cross-platform ransomware named Luna can encrypt files on Windows, Linux and ESXi, but its developers are only offering it to Russian-speaking affiliates.

      • Security WeekIntezer Documents Powerful 'Lightning Framework' Linux Malware [Ed: With Windows, there are back doors. With Linux, however, you need to first get in somehow. The media fails to mention this.]

        Security researchers at Intezer are documenting the discovery of a powerful piece of Linux malware that can stay undetected and has the ability to install rootkits.

        Dubbed Lightning Framework, the threat is described as a Swiss Army Knife-like piece of malware that has a modular design and a plethora of capabilities rarely seen in malware targeting Linux systems.

      • SANSMalicious Python Script Behaving Like a Rubber Ducky, (Wed, Jul 20th) [Ed: So don't run this script. Nobody forces you to.]

        Last week, it was SANSFIRE in Washington where I presented a SANS@Night talk about malicious Python scripts in Windows environment. I’m still looking for more fresh meat and, yesterday, I found another interesting one.

        Do you remember the Rubber Ducky[1]? Pentesters like this kind of gadgets. I still have one as well as others with WiFi capabilities The idea behind these USB keys is to deliver a payload by simulating a keyboard. When you connect then to a computer, they are detected as a HID (“Human Interface Device”). The payload will be “injected” like if the user pressed all the keys one by one.

        The script that I found provides the same behaviour! It was found on VT with a very low score of only 3/58[2] (SHA256:83d009773ecfbc4016493f131ea07aa57408c9a6d334dd66cac5dac81a745241). The magic happens with the help of a specific Python library called pyautogui[3]. The description says everything:

      • FudzillaLinux hit by a rather nasty persistent virus [Ed: Conflating targets with infects. Just because someone wishes to infect "Linux" with this thing doesn't mean it'll be feasible; with Windows there are back doors]

        Intezer Labs security researchers have identified a sophisticated new malware that targets Linux devices.

        OrBit is rather nasty and can hide its presence in network activity by manipulating logs. The module hooks functions called in shared libraries, which is pretty common for malware, but it implements “advanced evasion techniques” and “remote capabilities over SSH.”

      • Computing UKAll about SBOMs: the latest moves to secure the software supply chain [Ed: This is not security but Linux (Microsoft) Foundation propaganda and stigmatisation that distracts from the back doors]

        Following Biden's Executive Order on cybersecurity, uptake of software bills of materials is taking off in the US. We need to follow suit

      • TechTargetCNCF, CISA address hurdles to SBOM for cloud security [Ed: This is not real security, this is bureaucracy and paperwork]
      • ForbesGoogle Update Warning Issued For 3 Billion Chrome Users [Ed: Proprietary software and sensationalising headlines, the usual from Gordon Kelly, basically naming how many people are estimated to use the software]
      • Privacy/Surveillance

    • Defence/Aggression

      • ScheerpostVIDEO: Aaron Maté Challenges Guardian on Syria

        A recent article in The Guardian parroted evidence-free allegations that The Grayzone’s Aaron Maté is "the most prolific spreader of disinformation" about Syria among a "network" of "conspiracy theorists."

      • Common DreamsOpinion | The Lawyers Who Enabled Trump's Assault on Democracy

        Former White House counsel Pat Cipollone€ thinks€ that Mike Pence should receive the Presidential Medal of Freedom for refusing Trump’s demand to commit a felony and subvert a presidential election. That’s how low the bar for heroism among Trump administration alumni has sunk.

      • The VergeMark Zuckerberg and Sheryl Sandberg are set to be deposed about Cambridge Analytica

        The lawsuit, which could wind up as a class action case if a judge agrees to it, alleges that Facebook illegally shared user data with third parties and didn’t adequately protect that data from being abused by bad actors. It stems from a case where Cambridge Analytica, a firm working for Trump’s 2016 presidential campaign, was able to scrape data from millions of Facebook profiles without getting permission from those users. It later came out that the tactics they used to do so weren’t exactly novel. If you want to do a deep dive into the saga, you can check out our Cambridge Analytica page here.

      • MedforthIn France, a man who recently converted to Islam threatens to “blow himself up” using an explosive belt against his wife: “Allah has told me to do it”

        It is 1.20 a.m. on this July 14 when one mother receives a video call from the man she recently separated from after 25 years together having four children. The man, who is still her husband, threatens to come to the small party she is having next Saturday with an explosive belt and “blow himself up”.

      • Frontpage MagazineWhen Spain Crushed Islamic Jihad on the Battlefield

        Indeed, as an indicator of the importance of the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa, for centuries thereafter, July 16 was celebrated as the “Triumph of the Holy Cross” in the Spanish calendar, until Second Vatican abolished it—in keeping with the spirit of the new age of historical amnesia.

      • ABCSerbia police detain 85 migrants; weapons seized in raid

        A police task force found automatic weapons, guns, knives and other weapons and ammunition during the sweep in the northern town of Subotica, police said in a statement.

      • The Independent UKSerbia police detain 85 migrants; weapons seized in raid

        The raid followed a major clash by groups of migrants in the border area in early July that left one person dead and several injured. Migrants gather by the Hungarian border hoping to cross from the Balkan country and move further west.

        Sneaking over Serbia's northern border with the European Union neighbor often takes months because Hungary has put up two rows of barbed wire fence and deployed heavy security to stop migration. Migrants therefore often turn to people smugglers in order to continue their journey toward the EU's more prosperous nations.

      • Common DreamsOpinion | Weaning the State Department Off War-Making

        Other than being an adjunct booster of overseas Pentagon military operations and refortifying its vulnerable embassies, what does the U.S. State Department stand for and do anymore?

      • TruthOutRojava’s Experiment in Radical Democracy Braces for Turkish Invasion
      • TruthOut“Fortress Mentality” Among US Leaders Has Trapped Us in a Cycle of Militarism
      • Common DreamsUN Chief Condemns Airstrikes on Key Ukrainian Port Hours After Grain Deal

        The head of the United Nations denounced airstrikes that slammed the key Ukrainian port of Odesa on Saturday, just hours after Moscow and Kyiv signed a deal aimed at freeing millions of tons of grain exports and alleviating the global food crisis.

        Farhan Haq, deputy spokesman for U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres, said that "the secretary-general unequivocally condemns reported strikes today in the Ukrainian port of Odesa."

    • Transparency/Investigative Reporting

      • ReasonGlenn Greenwald on Tucker Carlson, Left-Wing Authoritarians, and Identity Politics

        No living American journalist has a fiercer reputation for independence—and invective—than Glenn Greenwald. The Pulitzer Prize winner helped break the Edward Snowden revelations, was once threatened with jail time by Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, and was part of the team that launched The Intercept in 2014 before resigning six years later, claiming his colleagues were censoring his criticism of the Biden administration.

        So what are we to make of the fact that Greenwald, once a contributing writer at Salon who appeared regularly on the left-wing news show Democracy Now!, is now a fixture on Fox News' Tucker Carlson Tonight? How do we explain the fact that Greenwald, known for his progressive critique of American foreign policy, is now welcomed in conservative circles but considered a pariah by many of his former colleagues on the left?

      • Federal News NetworkBiden to discuss immigration, trade with Mexico’s president

        López Obrador has repeatedly criticized the Biden administration, including decrying U.S. efforts to extradite Wikileaks founder Julian Assange from the U.K. for prosecution. He has vowed to bring up the topic during Tuesday’s meeting, and Biden officials say they are ready to discuss it.

      • US News And World ReportMexican President Renewed Asylum Offer for Assange in Letter to Biden

        Mexico's President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador said on Monday he gave a letter to U.S. President Joe Biden where he defended Julian Assange's innocence and renewed a previous offer of asylum to the WikiLeaks founder.

      • New York TimesAfter Summit Snub, Biden Meets With Mexican President

        Mr. López Obrador vowed to “start a campaign to tear down the Statue of Liberty” if Mr. Assange is “sentenced to the maximum penalty” in the United States.

      • Jacobin MagazineAMLO Is Trying to Free Mexico and Latin America From the US’s Imperial Grip

        He has also offered asylum to jailed whistleblower Julian Assange and recently suggested that the Statue of Liberty should be dismantled and returned to France if Assange is extradited and imprisoned in the United States.

    • Environment

      • Common DreamsOpinion | Manchin to Climate: Drop Dead

        Just two weeks after the US Supreme Court voted to handcuff EPA efforts to regulate power plant emissions, Senator Joe Manchin’s abominable decision to pull back from supporting funding for climate and environmental justice initiatives in a budget reconciliation bill—at least until September—has dealt a deep, potentially knock-out blow to the US’s efforts to tackle climate change.

    • Finance

      • Common DreamsRight-Wing Judge Bars $18 Minimum Wage From California's 2022 Ballot

        A Sacramento judge ruled Friday that an initiative to raise California's minimum wage to $18 an hour by 2025 cannot appear on the state's ballot this coming November, even though the campaign behind the proposal obtained more than enough signatures.

        Sacramento County Superior Court Judge James Arguelles' ruling stems from a dispute between the Living Wage Act campaign and the office of California's Democratic Secretary of State Shirley Weber, who said county officials didn't verify a sufficient number of signatures in time.

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • ScheerpostBrazil’s Lula Rips Bolsonaro’s Election Fraud Warnings

        The presidential front runner accused the incumbent of lying 20 times during a meeting with international diplomats.

      • The HillReporter: Facebook using ex-CIA to decide misinformation policy is ‘very, very worrying’

        An investigative reporter for MintPress News on Monday said it was “very worrying” that Facebook is employing former CIA agents to moderate misinformation policies on the social media platform.

        Alan MacLeod, who published a piece last week about ex-CIA agents working at Facebook, told Hill.TV the decision to employ them to moderate content was worrying because the CIA has a “long history of infiltrating media organizations.”

      • Mint Press NewsMeet the Ex-CIA Agents Deciding Facebook’s Content Policy

        In previous investigations, this author has detailed how TikTok is flooded with NATO officials, how former FBI agents abound at Twitter, and how Reddit is led by a former war planner for the NATO think tank, the Atlantic Council. But the sheer scale of infiltration of Facebook blows these away. Facebook, in short, is utterly swarming with spooks.

      • Broadband BreakfastPositive and Negative Responses to Committee’s Action on American Data Privacy and Protection Act

        During Wednesday’s markup of the American Data Privacy and Protection Act, H.R. 8152 – which passed by a 53-2 vote in committee – Reps. Anna Eshoo, D-Calif., and Nanette Diaz Barragán, D-Calif., voted against the bill after they expressed concern it would override California’s own privacy laws. Eshoo proposed her own amendment, a flexibility mechanism which would allow states to add their own privacy provisions on top of a federal baseline, but it was not adopted.

      • Patrick BreyerNew Rules on political advertising to stop voter manipulation!

        Since the unlawful processing of personal data for political advertising can result in an unfair political advantage which financial sanctions cannot remedy, the additional sanction of suspending political advertising for a limited time should be introduced, proposes Breyer.

      • RTLPresident resigns to run for Pirate Party in 2023 elections

        Mathis Godefroid has stepped down after six years as President of the General Conference of the Luxembourg Youth (CGJL).

      • Security WeekUnderstanding the Evolution of Cybercrime to Predict its Future [iophk: Windows TCO]

        From this simple realization, HP Wolf Security's study of The Evolution of Cybercrime (PDF report) shows an underground business that follows and mimics the overground business ecosystem – digital transformation included. "Digital transformation has supercharged both sides of the attack-defense divide – shown, for instance, by the increasing popularity of ‘as a service’ offerings," said Alex Holland, senior malware analyst and author of the report. "This has democratized malicious activity to the point where complex attacks requiring high levels of knowledge and resources – once the preserve of advanced persistent threat (APT) groups – are now far more accessible to a wider group of threat actors."

      • uni MichiganU-M research data series awarded $14M to study 2024 elections

        The American National Election Studies at the University of Michigan has been awarded $14 million by the National Science Foundation to conduct a study of the 2024 elections in the United States.

        The award extends the ANES, a widely used research data series at the U-M Institute for Social Research and preeminent source for studying public opinion, political participation, representation, accountability and democracy.

      • ForbesNational Science Foundation Awards $14 Million Grant For The Study Of National 2024 Election

        Following a competitive grant process, the National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded a $14 million grant to the American National Election Studies (ANES) to conduct research on the 2024 United States elections. ANES, housed at the University of Michigan, will head up the comprehensive, ongoing study, which will involve investigators from several universities.

        ANES will survey a large, representative sample of eligible voters both before and after the 2024 election, using a combination of in-person, online, video and postal service interviewing. Special efforts will be undertaken to include traditionally underrepresented groups.

      • 2024 American National Election Study Competition (ANES)

        The Accountable Institutions and Behavior Program in the Directorate for Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences expects to make one or two awards for the 2024 American National Election Study (ANES), with the award to run from fiscal years 2022 to 2025. We anticipate that the ANES funding will total no more than $14 million over four years, whether it is one or two awards. The expected starting date is July 2022.

      • Jihad WatchRashida Tlaib campaign events in 2018 were organized by alleged jihad terror financiers

        Imagine if a sitting member of the House of Representatives had had campaign events organized by alleged financiers of the KKK. He or she would already have resigned in disgrace. But Tlaib won’t even be asked about this.

      • Washington ExaminerRashida Tlaib campaign events in 2018 were organized by alleged terror financiers

        The men, who organized events that were paid for by Tlaib's campaign, were associated with a network of nonprofit groups that were found liable by a federal jury in 2004 for financing the terrorist slaying of an American teenager, David Boim, at a bus stop in the West Bank in 1996. A federal judge ordered the three groups to pay Boim's parents a $156 million judgment for funding Hamas, a designated Foreign Terrorist Organization.

      • Common DreamsOpinion | Biden's Presidency Isn't Sinking Because of the Left—It's Because of Right-Wing Democrats

        Joe Biden’s administration is in€ crisis.

      • Common DreamsOpinion | Biden Must Do More to Protect Medication Abortion in the Post-Roe South
      • TruthOut10 Floridians Were Charged With Voter Fraud After Official Helped Them Register
      • TruthOutCharity That Backs Trump’s Election Lies Has Ties to the Texas Attorney General
      • teleSURTwo Finalists in UK Leadership Race of Ruling Party

        On Wednesday, former Chancellor of the Exchequer Rishi Sunak and Foreign Secretary Liz Truss emerged as the final two candidates in the leadership race of the Conservative party.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • NYPostAn inside look at Ivana Trump’s glamorous Manhattan funeral service

        Hillary Clinton’s name was also featured on the 1992 cover — but had been removed from the version on display during Ivana’s memorial.

      • Times Higher EducationScholars ‘reprimanded by universities’ for criticising Indian government

        Academic freedom is coming under threat in India due to increasingly stringent restrictions and institutions using tactics of intimidation and harassment, scholars in the country have warned.

        There have been reports of university officials reprimanding academics for openly speaking out against the policies of Narendra Modi’s regime in the latest sign that the prime minister’s right-wing Bharatiya Janata Party, first elected in 2014, is using its power to stamp out freedom of speech.

      • India Times‘Harassed and targeted’ Tanushree Dutta says she will not resort to suicide but will fight

        [...] First it was my bollywood work being sabotaged last one year, then a maid was planted to douse my drinking water with medications & steroids which caused all kinds of severe health problems, then when I escaped to Ujjain in May my vehicle brakes tampered twice & accident. I barely escaped death & returned mumbai after 40 days to resume normal life & work. [...]

      • Essel GroupTanushree Dutta claims 'harassment by Bollywood mafia' in an Instagram post, says 'will not commit suicide'

        Former Miss India and Bollywood actress Tanushree Dutta has spoken out yet again about being harassed by #metoo perpetrators. Taking to her Instagram account, Dutta said that she is being ‘targeted very badly’ and went on to describe her painful experiences. In the post, she claimed that the Bollywood mafia and some political circles attempted to poison her and sabotaged several of her works.

      • Gatestone InstituteDeath for "Blasphemers" in Pakistan

        The problem with this law is not so much that the sentence is extreme and irrevocable, but rather that Muslims regularly exploit it to settle personal grudges against non-Muslim minorities in Pakistan. The fact is, Pakistan's non-Muslim minorities, mostly Christians and Hindus, know better than to say anything that can be misconstrued as offensive about the Muslim prophet — they are well acquainted with the dire repercussions. They are taught from their youth to exhibit nothing but deference for Islam's prophet. That does not, however, stop Muslims from falsely accusing these "infidels" with whom they might have a gripe of supposedly insulting Muhammad.

    • Freedom of Information / Freedom of the Press

      • India Today'Tweet apology or go to jail': Foreign journo says she was threatened by Taliban

        Foreign journalist Lynne O'Donnell said the Taliban in Afghanistan asked her to tweet an apology or go to jail for articles on forced marriages by Taliban commanders.

        Taking to Twitter, the Australian journalist said, "Tweet an apology or go to jail, said Taliban intelligence. Whatever it takes: They dictated. I tweeted. They didn’t like it. Deleted, edited, re-tweeted."

        Tweet an apology or go to jail, said #Taliban intelligence. Whatever it takes: They dictated. I tweeted. They didn’t like it. Deleted, edited, re-tweeted. Made video of me saying I wasn't coerced. Re-did that too.#TwoTakesTaliban (I’m out now) #Afghanistan #journalism

      • [Old] Morningstar USIWMF Announces 2022 Courage in Journalism Award Winners

        IWMF announces Courage in Journalism Awards. Women journalists from Ukraine, U.S. and China receive prestigious honor.

        The Courage in Journalism Awards are announced amid heightened global tensions around the world, including Russia's war on Ukraine, the consequences of the Taliban takeover in Afghanistan, numerous authoritarian crackdowns, and blatant human rights abuses. These awards recognize the women journalists at the frontlines of these challenges who are intrepid in their commitment to reporting.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • AhvalTop Turkish court upholds withdrawal from women’s rights treaty

        Turkey’s highest administrative court on Tuesday upheld a ruling over President Recep Tayyip ErdoÄŸan’s decision to withdraw the country from a European treaty protecting women from violence, Sözcü newspaper reported.

        The Council of State ruled that the Turkish leader’s decision to exit from the Istanbul Convention was lawful, rejecting petitions seeking its cancellation, the newspaper said.

      • Four Christians Face Execution as Sudan Reverts to Islamist Law

        Then, just days ago in late June, the story surfaced that four men from the Sudanese Baptist Church in Zalingei, in Central Darfur had been arrested on charges of apostasy. Those Christian converts from Islam — Bader el Dean Haroon Abdel Jabaar and his brother Mohammad Haroon Abdel Jabaar, along with Tariq Adam Abdalla and Morthada Ismail — were taken into custody on charges that might soon cost them their lives.

      • Morning Star NewsFour Christians in Sudan Arrested under Annulled Apostasy Law

        Area Christians said they were arrested over allegations of apostasy under Article 126 of Sudan’s 1991 criminal code. In July 2020 the transitional government that took effect in September 2019 decriminalized apostasy, which had been punishable by death. Sudan’s 2020 Fundamental Rights and Freedoms Act prohibits the labeling of any group as “infidels” (takfir), according to the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF).

        The 2020 Act also repealed other Islamic-based articles of the 1991 criminal code, including public flogging as a punishment and prohibitions against drinking alcohol. Although Sudan has taken some steps to reform laws that violate religious rights, most current statutes are still based on Islamic law, Christian leaders say.

      • Common Dreams'Historic Moment in American Labor': Starbucks Workers Notch 200th Union Win

        With a victory in Cleveland on Friday, Starbucks workers officially reached 200 union election wins across more than 30 U.S. states, a remarkable achievement in the face of a full-throttle union-busting campaign by the coffee company's management and its billionaire interim CEO, Howard Schultz.

        The speed with which Starbucks workers across the country built on the historic victory in Buffalo in December—when employees voted to form the company's first-ever unionized store in the U.S.—has stunned observers who've seen the nation's labor movement wither in recent decades amid a ruthless corporate assault.

      • TruthOutStarbucks Workers Officially Reach 200 Union Election Victories
      • VoxRape and incest abortion exceptions don’t really exist

        Just three states with abortion bans in effect include the carveouts, and some anti-abortion advocates want to remove the exceptions altogether.

        The case of a 10-year-old Ohio rape survivor who traveled to Indiana to obtain an abortion drew national attention to Ohio’s near-total abortion ban, which does not allow abortions even in cases of rape or incest.

        Ohio isn’t unusual. Despite broad agreement among Americans that victims of rape should be allowed to obtain an abortion, nearly all of the states with abortion bans do not make exceptions for rape or incest.

    • Monopolies

      • Patents

        • Mexico News DailyA song to dance the USMCA: the week at the morning news conferences

          The USMCA returned to the conference on Thursday after U.S. and Canadian officials announced they were seeking trade dispute talks over the government’s favoring of state energy companies. “There is no violation of the treaty … our policies are defined in Mexico and have to do with our Constitution and laws,” the president said.

          López Obrador added that separate dispute proceedings related to USMCA were previously initiated against the U.S. and Canada, and that Mexico had 70 days to respond before the matter would be referred to an international tribunal.

        • HackadayPatents And The Missing Museum

          A beautiful chapter of the history of invention in the United States ended with a fire in 1880. Well, the fire took place in 1877, but the wheels of government turn slowly. For the first 90 years that patents were granted in the USA, applications were required to be accompanied by a working model – to prove that the idea works and rule out “the perpetual motion cranks”.

      • Software Patents

        • New York TimesHow Software Is Stifling Competition and Slowing Innovation

          In a new book, Mr. Bessen challenges what he terms the “disruption myth.” He makes the case that big companies in one industry after another have built complex software systems for managing their sales, marketing, operations and product offerings that are essentially moats against competitors.

          This mastery of software by major corporations, he argues, helps explain rising economic concentration, increasing inequality and slowing innovation.


          Mr. Bessen then got in touch with his former roommate at Harvard University, Eric Maskin, who had become an economics professor at their alma mater. Mr. Bessen explained that he had ideas about the software industry that might be of interest to economists, Mr. Maskin recalled. The two went on to write a research paper on why patents often worked against innovation in software, an industry that prospered when information was shared.

      • Copyrights

        • Torrent Freak127 Russian Cinemas Resort to Piracy, Movie Boss Says: "I Don't Blame Them"

          Russia's entire cinema industry is on the brink of collapse. A few weeks ago, around 16 cinemas were screening pirate copies of the latest movies; last week it was 127. Not even the chairman of the Association of Cinema Owners can muster much optimism. "I can't even blame cinemas now dabbling in torrent screenings," he says. It's not a desire to make money, but a fight for survival.

        • Michael GeistSupreme Court of Canada on Copyright: "Copyright Law Does Not Exist Solely for the Benefit of Authors" - Michael Geist

          For much of the past two decades, copyright groups have steadfastly sought to deny what the Supreme Court of Canada has repeatedly endorsed, namely that the purpose of Canadian copyright law is to serve the public interest by balancing users’ and authors’ rights. Last week provided the latest episode in the ongoing series as the Court delivered yet another strong affirmation on the importance of copyright balance and the role of technological neutrality, confirming that “[c]opyright law does not exist solely for the benefit of authors.” The decision – SOCAN v. Entertainment Software Association – can read on at least four levels: (1) as a repudiation of SOCAN’s effort to establish a new, additional royalty for the “making available” of music; (2) as a confirmation of the importance of technological neutrality and copyright balance; (3) as an example of the flexibility associated with implementing the WIPO Internet treaties, and (4) as the undeniable entrenchment of Canadian copyright jurisprudence that now features deeply layered precedents on users’ rights.

          If the parties to the case sound familiar, it may be because the Supreme Court issued a decision nearly ten years earlier to the day involving the same two litigants. In the 2012 ESA v. SOCAN decision, SOCAN was seeking payment for the downloading of video games that contained musical works. The inclusion of musical works within the games was already compensated, but the copyright collective argued that there should be an additional payment for the act of downloading the game containing music. The Supreme Court rejected the request, concluding that an additional payment for downloads would violate the principle of technological neutrality, famously stating:

        • Michael GeistWhy The Government's "Policy Intentions" For Bill C-11 Don't Trump the Actual Text - Michael Geist

          Parliament may be on a summer recess, but the debate over Bill C-11, which is now in the Senate, continues. Yesterday, I engaged in a Twitter debate with Matthew Gray, an official in the office of Heritage Minister Pablo Rodriguez that ultimately focused on the relative importance of the government’s “policy intention” vs. the actual text of the bill. While officials and Minister Rodriguez regularly point to what they intend the bill to do, experts note that the text does not reflect those intentions.

          On Sunday, Gray had jumped into another Twitter debate involving Rodriguez’s Chief of Staff John Matheson, who posted several tweets which made the case that the bill does not include Canadian content quotas or content standards (I responded to those tweets by noting that the bill does open the door to Canadian content display quotas and the CRTC’s recent Radio-Canada decision confirms the risk of content regulation). Gray claimed that “only the largest services that are household names with hundreds of thousands of subscribers will be regulated” by Bill C-11. I responded that is plainly false under the bill as it is currently written since there are no thresholds and the government rejected several proposed amendments that would have established them. Gray didn’t find that persuasive, however, responding that his previous comment reflected the government’s “expectation and policy intent”, later adding that “it is hard to engage in forward policy if when we communicate our intent the reply is ‘it’s untrue you haven’t done it yet.'”

        • Michael GeistThe Law Bytes Podcast, Episode 135: Co-Chair Emily Laidlaw on the Work of the Government's Expert Advisory Group on Online Safety - Michael Geist

          Canadian Heritage Minister Pablo Rodriguez created an Expert Advisory Group on Online Safety earlier this year to help craft a potential legislative and policy response to online safety and harms issues. The panel recently concluded its work and though the media focused on a failure to achieve absolute consensus from a group that by design had different views, the reality is that common ground was found on several key issues. Emily Laidlaw, who holds the Canada Research Chair in Cybersecurity Law at the University of Calgary, served as co-chair of the expert group. She joins the Law Bytes podcast to talk about how the panel functioned, where it found consensus, areas of disagreement, and what could come next for one of the thorniest Internet policy issues.

  • Gemini* and Gopher

    • Personal

      • A Child's View of Noise

        A common sight at restaurants, airports, shopping centers, and other public spaces are people with very small children--infants or young toddlers who don't fully understand how to speak yet or what the vast majority of words mean.

        In almost every space in which there are people who communicate verbally, at least a few of them are going to be speaking at any time. Children in public spaces are hammered from all directions by the sound of human voices--noises emitting from mouths that they cannot comprehend.

        Kids are excellent imitators and are very impressionable. For all they understand, the big people are just making funny noises, so they join in, babbling and squealing and mewling along with everyone else.

      • OMG, OMD

        I watched a clip of Family Guy a bit ago, and they played (at length) the song "If You Leave" by OMD (or, Orchestral Manoeuveres in the Dark?), so I am listening to that song on Tidal from the Pretty In Pink soundtrack, which was one of those movies that people couldn't really get away from, or avoid hearing references to in the 1980s, even though I was a young pup in the 1980s...


        To continue on the 80s tracks, I'll toss on "Don't You (Forget About Me)" by Simple Minds, and we can fill the parlor with hairspray and snap bubble gum in large, obnoxious bubbles when people try to grab our undivided attention.

      • The Lord is compassionate and merciful

        I am leaving the conference, having left a piece of my heart there. I feel an intense joyful sadness, the indescribable feeling that I’ve only felt before when watching the plašÃ„enica (epitaphion) be lifted up around the church during the lamentations.

    • Technical

      • Thoughts on New OpenOffice Release

        I read yesterday that there is a new release of Apache OpenOffice (4.1.13). Despite the news release, the new release is less than exciting - it mostly consists of minor bug fixes.

        All of the OpenOffice takes I read noted the obvious. OpenOffice 4.1 was released eight years ago. The office suite is barely being maintained. LibreOffice, a fork of OpenOffice, is carrying on its legacy and also vitiating any need for OpenOffice's continued existence.

        I used OpenOffice in the early 2010s. When I needed a new office suite in 2014 and 2015 and did not want to pay for MS Word, I found LibreOffice after a tiny bit of digging and went with that. When I installed Manjaro Linux on my main desktop workstation in 2020, I went with LibreOffice, and I also run LibreOffice on two laptops and my re-purposed old desktop (all run different flavors of Linux).

* Gemini (Primer) links can be opened using Gemini software. It's like the World Wide Web but a lot lighter.

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