02.24.21

Links 24/2/2021: MariaDB 10.5.9, Krita 4.4.3 Beta, and Debuginfod Server for Debian

Posted in News Roundup at 1:30 pm by Dr. Roy Schestowitz

  • GNU/Linux

    • MARS helicopter “Ingenuity” runs GNU Linux :)

      just hope the #Perseverence Mars rover ain’t running Windows

    • Why Linux is critical to edge computing

      In 2021, there are more reasons why people love Linux than ever before. In this series, I’ll share 21 different reasons to use Linux. Linux is the ideal operating system for experimenting with edge computing.

      Edge computing is a model of infrastructure design that places many “compute nodes” (a fancy word for a server) geographically closer to people who use them most frequently. It can be part of the open hybrid-cloud model, in which a centralized data center exists to do all the heavy lifting but is bolstered by smaller regional servers to perform high frequency—but usually less demanding—tasks. Because Linux is so important to cloud computing, it’s an ideal technology to learn if you intend to manage or maintain modern IT systems.

    • Server

    • Audiocasts/Shows

      • Tempted But the Truth is Discovered | LINUX Unplugged 394

        After all these years, what’s made us stick with Linux?

        Plus the commitment just made by the GNOME team, and some new tools that are changing our game.

      • mintCast 355 – Deferred Update

        First up, in our Wanderings, Mike shreds a new axe, I’m more and more impressed by Proton, Joe has frozen joints, Moss is going to be rich someday, Tony Hughes gets immunities, and Josh panics with a crowbar.

        Then, in the News, so much controversy, Linux on Mars, VLC on the moon, Mint and mintCast make the cut, and more

    • Kernel Space

      • Google funds Linux kernel developers to work exclusively on security

        Hardly a week goes by without yet another major Windows security problem popping up, while Linux security problems, when looked at closely, usually turn out to be blunders made by incompetent system administration. But Linux can’t rest on its laurels. There are real Linux security concerns that need addressing. That’s where Google and the Linux Foundation come in with a new plan to underwrite two full-time maintainers for Linux kernel security development, Gustavo Silva and Nathan Chancellor.

        Silva and Chancellor’s exclusive focus will be to maintain and improve kernel security and associated initiatives to ensure Linux’s security. There’s certainly work to be done.

    • Applications

      • The 10 best free photo editors for Linux

        Photo editing is a global hobby, profession, and exploit. Its execution is not dependant on a specific Operating System or device. For this reason, anyone can be a photo editor regardless of their Operating system preference. The power of an ideal and reliable photo editor is in the many unique features they present to their users. Some features pose unique photo editing benefits like correcting brightness imbalances and color hue. Some editors are efficient in sharpness adjustments and red-eye removal. Others present flexible auto-cropping and zoom features. These are some of the characteristics that define a photo editor.

        The earlier onset of the Linux operating system was without the support of photo editors. This trait forced most Linux users to depend on graphically-oriented Operating Systems like the Windows OS to meet their photo editing needs. Fast forward into the present, Linux OS is turning out to be a worthwhile opponent and an even better rival to other Operating Systems due to the graphical traits presented in its growing distributions and flavors.

      • Ward server monitoring tool

        Hi folks, Ward is a free and open-source tool for Linux to monitor system resources and usage remotely. Ward comes with a modern UI design with a dark theme and runs perfectly with all Linux distribution.

      • NoiseTorch Is A Real-Time Microphone Noise Suppression Application For Linux

        NoiseTorch is a real-time microphone noise suppression application for Linux that can filter out unwanted background noise like the sound of your mechanical keyboard, computer fans, trains and so on. It currently only supports PulseAudio, but PipeWire support is planned for a future release.

        The application user interface is built with simplicity in mind. If you only have 1 microphone, all you have to do is launch the application, then click on “Load NoiseTorch”. Once you do this, the application creates a virtual microphone called “NoiseTorch Microphone”…

    • Instructionals/Technical

      • How to Install Latest Vim Editor in Linux – TecAdmin

        Vim (Vi Improved) is a highly configurable command line text editor for Unix like systems. It is originally cloned with VI POSIX standard editor with additions.

        Vim comes standard with most modern Linux distributions, but some of the minimal installation doesn’t include vim editor default. This tutorial will help you to install Vim text editor on your Linux system.

      • How To Install XFCE Desktop on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install XFCE Desktop on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, XFCE is one of the most popular desktop environments for Linux desktop. XFCE is a free lightweight, fast, and easy to use software desktop environment for Unix/Linux-like operating systems. It is designed for productivity and aims to be fast and low on system resources. Unlike GNOME and KDE desktops which are heavier, but XFCE uses fewer system resources. Furthermore, it offers better modularity and fewer dependencies to install and takes less time and low disk space on your hard drive.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step by step installation of the XFCE lightweight desktop environment on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian based distribution like Linux Mint.

      • How to read column data from a text file in a bash shell script

        One common task in day-to-day shell scripting jobs is to read data line by line from a file, parse the data, and process it. The input file can be either a regular text file (e.g., logs or config files) where each line contains multiple fields separated by space, or a CSV file that is formatted with delimiter-separated values in each row. In bash, you can easily read columns from a file and store them into separate variables for further processing. In this tutorial, let me demonstrate with examples how you can write a shell script that reads columns into variables in bash.

      • How To Prevent PHP-FPM From Consuming Too Much RAM in Linux

        If you have deployed a LEMP (Linux, NGINX, MySQL/MariaDB, and PHP) stack, then you are probably using FastCGI proxying within NGINX (as an HTTP server), for PHP processing. PHP-FPM (an acronym of FastCGI Process Manager) is a widely-used and high-performance alternative PHP FastCGI implementation.

      • Set your path in FreeDOS | Opensource.com

        Generally, you probably want to keep C:\PDOS\BIN in your path because it contains all the default applications distributed with FreeDOS.

        Unless you change the path in AUTOEXEC.BAT, the default path is restored after a reboot.

        Now that you know how to manage your path in FreeDOS, you can execute commands and maintain your working environment in whatever way works best for you.

      • David Tomaschik: Is Reusing an Old Mac Mini Worth It?

        The last version of Mac OS that was supported is Mac OS X 10.7 “Lion”, which has been unsupported since 2014. Since I’m a Linux guy anyway, I figured I’d see about installing Linux on this. Unfortunately, according to the Debian wiki, this device won’t boot from USB, and I don’t have any blank optical media to burn to. This was the first point where I nearly decided this wasn’t worth my time, but I decided to push on.

        Linux is pretty good about booting on any hardware, even if it’s not the hardware you installed on, as kernel module drivers are loaded based on present hardware. I decided to try installing to a disk and then swapping disks and seeing if the Mac Mini would boot. The EFI on the Mac Mini supports BIOS emulation, and that seemed the more likely to work out of the box.

        I plugged a spare SSD into my SATA dock and then used a virtual machine with a raw disk to install Debian testing on the SSD. I then used the excellent iFixIt teardown and my iFixit toolkit to open the Mac Mini and swap out the drive. I point to the teardown because opening a Mac Mini is neither obvious nor trivial.

        [...]

        During all of these tests, I had the Mac Mini plugged into a Kill-A-Watt Meter to measure the power consumption. Idling, it’s around 20 watts. Under one of these load tests, it reaches about 45-49 watts. Given that the Raspberry Pi 4B only uses around 5W under full load, the Pi 4B absolutely destroys this Mac Mini in performance-per-watt. (Note, again, this is an old Mac Mini – it’s no surprise that it’s not an even comparison.)

        [...]

        Given the lack of expandability, the mediocre baseline performance, and the very poor performance per watt, I can’t see using this for much, if anything. Running it 24/7 for a home server doesn’t offer much over a Raspberry Pi 4B, and the I/O is only slightly better. At this point, it’s probably headed for the electronics recycling center.

      • How to Use Multiple Node.js Versions using NVM – Cloudbooklet

        How to Use Multiple Node.js Versions using NVM. NVM stands for Node.js Version Manager which is more flexible tool to install and manage multiple versions of Node.js and the associated packages at the same time.

        In this guide you are going to learn how install specific version of Node.js using NVM. This setup is tested on Google Compute Engine running Ubuntu 20.04 OS

      • How To Install OpenLiteSpeed on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS – idroot

        In this tutorial, we will show you how to install OpenLiteSpeed on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those of you who didn’t know, OpenLiteSpeed is an open-source HTTP server developed by LiteSpeed Technologies. OpenLiteSpeed is a high-performance and lightweight HTTP server which comes with a Web Gui administration interface. As far as Linux web servers are concerned, OpenLiteSpeed has some interesting features that make it a solid choice for many installations. It features Apache compatible rewrite rules, a web administration interface, and customized PHP processing optimized for the server.

        This article assumes you have at least basic knowledge of Linux, know how to use the shell, and most importantly, you host your site on your own VPS. The installation is quite simple and assumes you are running in the root account, if not you may need to add ‘sudo‘ to the commands to get root privileges. I will show you through the step-by-step installation of the OpenLiteSpeed on Ubuntu 20.04 (Focal Fossa). You can follow the same instructions for Ubuntu 18.04, 16.04, and any other Debian-based distribution like Linux Mint.

      • How to install the Brave Browser on a Chromebook in 2021

        Today we are looking at how to install the Brave Browser on a Chromebook. Please follow the video/audio guide as a tutorial where we explain the process step by step and use the commands below.

        We recommend that you start with a new instance of Linux Apps and have at least 6GB of space available for the game.

      • Install LEMP Stack on Ubuntu 20.04

        LEMP is an acronym for Linux, NGINX (pronounced as Engine X,) MySQL, and PHP. These are all popular open-source tools typically used in web development. LEMP stack is commonly used to host dynamic websites. Most content management systems such as WordPress, Drupal, and Joomla create dynamic web pages.

        When a request comes, the server will run the PHP code to put together the HTML version and query the backend database to get content to insert into HTML.

      • How to Install and Use Ansible on Debian 10

        Whenever we talk about configuration management tools, the name that we hear most often is Ansible. It is a cross-platform tool that is designed to handle system configurations while working with Linux, macOS, and Windows operating systems. Today, we will try to throw light on the procedure of installing Ansible on Debian 10.

    • Games

      • Google Disbands Stadia Game Developers And Signals Potential For More Trouble Ahead

        It’s no secret that in the year and a half since Google launched its video game streaming platform, Stadia, things haven’t gone particularly well. Game developers were wary at the onset that Google, as it has with projects like this in the past, might simply one day shut the whole thing down if it thinks the venture is a loser. The launch of Stadia itself was mostly met with meager interest, due to scant games available on the platform. Even then, the rollout was a mix of chaos and glitch, critiques of its promise for true 4k game streaming, very low adoption rates, and some at the company appearing to want to go to war with game-streamers.

      • Microsoft Creating New Company, Vault, to Complete ZeniMax / Bethesda Deal

        It’s a different approach to Microsoft’s previous acquisitions, such as Obsidian, Ninja Theory and Double Fine, which were formally made a part of Microsoft and housed under its Xbox Game Studios brand. Whether ZeniMax’s studios become known as part of Vault or not, the move to create a Microsoft subsidiary to complete the merger seems to mark a level of independence compared to other acquired companies.

      • Ultima VIII (or, How to Destroy a Gaming Franchise in One Easy Step)

        The glossier magazines weren’t quite sure what to do about Ultima VIII. Torn between the need to serve their readerships and Origin’s advertising dollars, they equivocated like crazy, often settling on an “it’s not the game, it’s me” approach: i.e., I didn’t much enjoy Ultima VIII, but you might.

      • PixelJunk Raiders is the next Stadia exclusive, will have State Share and free for Pro

        While Google will no longer be doing any first-party games it seems they’re still going to pull in exclusives. They’ve revealed PixelJunk Raiders along with the Stadia Pro line-up for March and other new games coming.

        Q-Games, developer of titles like PixelJunk Shooter and PixelJunk Monsters Ultimate have teamed up with Google for PixelJunk Raiders which is an “Only on Stadia” title. It releases on March 1 and is free on Stadia Pro, otherwise normal Stadia accounts will need to buy it. PixelJunk Raiders will use the State Share feature of Stadia, which allows you to take a capture and link it to someone and they can jump into where you’ve captured it.

      • A 3D Block Building Game in QML

        Here, at KDAB, we get to spend 10% of our time on learning what we don’t know or practicing and improving what we already know. Recently, I decided to use that time to learn more about the Qt Quick Rendering Engine. The best way to do so, I found, is to use it in a way it wasn’t intended to be used: for making simple 3D graphics — creating my own little 3D paintings, as one would in Minecraft, starting with a ground plane. I’d like to take this time to share with you how to play.

      • DualSense Driver to be Included with Kernel 5.12 – Boiling Steam

        If you were waiting to get more extensive functionality out of your DualSense controller on Linux outside of Steam, without having to compile the kernel with the patches or resorting to Arch, I’m happy to report that kernel 5.12 will include baked-in support for Sony’s official driver.

      • Super Plexis is a fresh competitive tile-matching battler with cross-platform PvP

        That when turned out to be February 20, 2021 with it now in Early Access with Linux support.

      • Of Mice and Moggies is an absolutely adorable puzzle game of constant cat-and-mouse

        Of Mice and Moggies is a game of cat and mouse, quite literally, as you step by step chase around mice and other animals in small but very clever puzzles. The adorable setting, as well as the excellent presentation and well designed puzzles are worth a look. Note: key provided by the developer.

        Hold on, I gave you the conclusion right away there didn’t i? Well, sometimes it just has to be said. it really is a genuine delight to play through with such an usual but very charming setting that steadily showed me how terrible dumb I am at solving puzzles. Of Mice and Moggies plays a bit like a block-pushing puzzle game, but the blocks are other animals and they run away from you. So you have to use your moves smartly to catch them, using the limited tiles and environment.

      • a new affordable ATARI embedded PC that can also do games – What was Atari?

        runs Ubuntu per default

    • Desktop Environments/WMs

      • K Desktop Environment/KDE SC/Qt

        • First Beta Release for Krita 4.4.3

          The Krita team is releasing the first beta of Krita 4.4.3. This is purely a bugfix release.

          The Linux appimage and the source .tar.gz and .tar.xz tarballs are signed. You can retrieve the public key with gpg: “gpg –recv-key 7468332F”. The signatures are here (filenames ending in .sig).

        • openSUSE Breeze Dark Plasma Style

          I am happy to say that I now have published my openSUSE Breeze Dark Plasma Style for the world to use. If the color scheme I have previously release is any indicator of interest, there will be a few dozen that download it and that is good enough for me. I will be quite content if at least two others check this out. I am just happy I have finally navigated my way through using the Plasma-SDK, Git and the Plink.com site to make this happen.

          If you are interested in making your own Plasma Style, the easiest way to get started with it is going to be using the SDK. It essentially restores some of that Plasma4 functionality to Plasma5 in customizing your desktop. I do wish this little thing would have been better publicized but at least it has been made and I did happen to find it.

        • Okular: Should continuous view be an okular setting or a document setting?

          Some settings are okular wide, if you change them, they will be changed in all the future okular instances, an easy example is if you change the shortcut for saving from Ctrl+S to Ctrl+Shift+E.

          Some other settings are document specific, for example zoom, if you change the zoom of a document it will only be restored when opening the same document again, but not if you open a different one. There’s also a “default zoom value for documents you’ve never opened before” in the settings.

          Some other settings like “Continuous View” are a bit of a mess and are both. “Continuous View” wants to be a global setting (i.e. so that if you hate continuous view you always get a non continous view) but it is also restored to the status it had when you closed the document you’re just opening.

        • KDE’s NeoChat Matrix Client Gets New Login Page, Multimodal Mode, and Message Editing

          Introduced two months ago as part of KDE’s first Apps update in 2021, NeoChat is a Matrix chat client supported on both desktop and mobile and that comes with a neat set of features, including a built-in image editor, support for sending and accepting invitations, the ability to remember the last room you’ve joined, support for showing the last read message, as well as read markers.

          The first major update is out now, as developer Carl Schwan reports on his blog, enhancing NeoChat with more super powers, including a new multimodal mode that lets you view and interact with multiple chat rooms simultaneously by opening them in new windows, and the ability to edit messages and also display in the chat if a message has been edited.

      • GNOME Desktop/GTK

        • Shaun McCance: Making Releases

          A few days ago, I posted to desktop-devel-list asking how we can ensure releases happen, especially beta releases for the freeze. I was frustrated and my language was too abrasive, and I’m sorry for that. My intention was really to open a discussion on how we can improve our release process. Emmanuele replied with a thorough analysis of which bits are hard to automate, which I enjoyed reading.

          Earlier today, I tweeted asking developers of other open source projects how they make releases, just to get a sense of what the rest of the world does. There have been a lot of responses, and it will take me a while to digest it all.

          In the meantime, I wanted to share my process for rolling releases. I maintain five core GNOME modules, plus a handful of things in the wider open source world. My release process hasn’t fundamentally changed in the 18 years I’ve been a maintainer. A lot of other stuff has changed (merge requests, CI, freeze break approvals, etc), so I’m just trying to think of how any of this could be better.

    • Distributions

      • New Releases

        • Alpine 3.10.6, 3.11.8 and 3.12.4 released

          The Alpine Linux project is pleased to announce the immediate availability of version 3.10.6, 3.11.8 and 3.12.4 of its Alpine Linux operating system.

        • Hands-on with KaOS Linux – An Independent KDE Plasma Desktop Distribution

          I have spent some time looking at independent Linux distributions – that means those that are built from scratch and not derived from one of the larger, generally better-known distributions (Debian, Ubuntu, Arch, etc.), such as Solus, which I wrote about earlier. This time I am going to look at KaOS Linux.

          The screen shot above shows the initial display of a freshly installed KaOS system. If you are not familiar with the side-panel orientation used here, it is basically the same as the traditional bottom or top panel desktop, but with everything “standing on end”. The complete desktop menu is at the top of the panel, just click on the “K” symbol (the desktop menu is open in this screen shot); the common application launchers are just below that, and the controls for things like the network, volume, bluetooth, network and such are at the bottom.

      • BSD

      • Screenshots/Screencasts

        • Siduction Is The “Unstable” Debian-Based Linux Distro

          Siduction is a Debian-based Linux distribution that bases off of Debian’s unstable branch (Sid). I have always been a fan of Debian and I have looked at Siduction in the past and liked what I found. But Siduction hadn’t had a new release in three years, so I had assumed it was dead.

      • IBM/Red Hat/Fedora

        • Red Hat closes StackRox Kubernetes security acquisition

          In terms of money, Red Hat buying StackRox probably isn’t that big a deal. Sources say it was just above $100 million. Big money to you and me, but peanuts for big tech companies. But, when it comes to securing Kubernetes, this is an enormous deal not just for Red Hat and its in-house Kubernetes distro, OpenShift, but for all Kubernetes distros and services.

        • The 10 Best Red Hat-based Linux Distributions To Check Out in 2021

          Red Hat-based Linux distributions are shaping the industrial and corporate use of Linux for a long time. This project was quite popular since its initial release in 1995. Although later on, the developer company shut that down to start developing the successor named Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL). This commercial project is mainly for deployment in multi-processor systems and cluster computing.

          RHEL is a commercial project with enterprise support from the Red Hat company. So, to utilize the power of Red Hat Linux more easily and affordably, the open-source community has come up with derivatives based on the Red Hat source. These distros provide much flexibility and customization options. They are quite reliable and stable as well to deploy on your organization.

        • Custom policies in Red Hat 3scale API Management, Part 1: Overview – Red Hat Developer

          API management platforms such as Red Hat 3scale API Management provide an API gateway as a reverse proxy between API requests and responses. In this stage, most API management platforms optimize the request-response pathway and avoid introducing complex processing and delays. Such platforms provide minimal policy enforcement such as authentication, authorization, and rate-limiting. With the proliferation of API-based integrations, however, customers are demanding more fine-tuned capabilities.

          Policy frameworks are key to adding new capabilities to the API request and response lifecycle. In this series, you will learn about the Red Hat 3scale API Management policy framework and how to use it to configure custom policies in the APIcast API gateway.

      • Devuan Family

        • The Best Linux Distributions Without systemd

          Historically, the startup sequence in a Linux system was a replica of the initialization system that was introduced with System V Unix (SysV). The SysV init system adhered to the Unix philosophy. When people refer to the Unix philosophy, they usually reduce it to the well-known soundbite “Do one thing, and do it well.” And that thing was to start as the first process and then start other processes. It also culled zombies now and then.

          SysV init did its job well enough, but it didn’t do it too efficiently. It started processes serially, one after the other. There was no parallelism. The design bottle-necked the throughput. This was more or less masked by the speed gains of modern hardware, and it’s not as if booting a Linux computer took an interminable age. But yes, technically, it could have been made more efficient.

          As with everything else in Linux, the users had a choice. Alternatives were available. Competent users could configure their Linux computer to use a different init system, one that started processes in parallel and worked the way they liked.

          [...]

          If you use Debian or one of the myriad Debian-derivatives like Ubuntu and its entire tribe of relatives, it makes sense for you to check out Devuan. Devuan is a fork of Debian, so almost everything will be familiar. The default shell is Bash and the package manager is apt. Devuan was forked from Debian in 2014. It’s solid and stable and has a thriving community.

          If you prefer GNOME as your desktop environment, you’ll have to do a bit of extra work. GNOME isn’t offered as a desktop choice during the installation. MATE, Cinnamon, XFCE, and others are available, but GNOME will have to be manually installed once you’ve got your system up and running.

      • Debian Family

        • New service: https://debuginfod.debian.net

          Hello there,

          I would like to announce a new service that I have just configured for
          Debian: https://debuginfod.debian.net.

          debuginfod is a new-ish project whose purpose is to serve
          ELF/DWARF/source-code information over HTTP. It is developed under the
          elfutils umbrella. You can find more information about it here:

          https://sourceware.org/elfutils/Debuginfod.html

          In a nutshell, by using a debuginfod service you will not need to
          install debuginfo (a.k.a. dbgsym) files anymore; the symbols will be
          served to GDB (or any other debuginfo consumer that supports debuginfod)
          over the network. Ultimately, this makes the debugging experience much
          smoother (I myself never remember the full URL of our debuginfo
          repository when I need it).

          If you would like to use the service, and if the service supports the
          Debian distribution you are using (see below), all you have to do is
          make sure that the following environment variable is set in your shell:

          DEBUGINFOD_URLS=”https://debuginfod.debian.net”;

          Currently, the elfutils and GDB packages in unstable and testing have
          native support for using debuginfod. I will soon propose a change to
          the elfutils package in order to make it be configured with our
          debuginfod instance by default, so that users will be able to use the
          service transparently.

          For now, debuginfod.debian.net is serving debug information symbols for
          the following Debian distributions:

          – unstable

          – testing
          – testing-proposed-updates

          – stable
          – stable-backports
          – proposed-updates

          In the near future I intend to expand this list and include the
          debuginfo stored at snapshot.debian.org as well.

          Setting up a debuginfod service for Debian has been on my TODO list for
          some time now, and I finally got enough time & resources to do it. I
          would like to thank a few people for their feedback and help:

          – Héctor Orón (zumbi)
          – Jonathan Carter (highvoltage)
          – Paul Wise (pabs)

          Last, but not least, you can find a wiki page about our service here:

          https://wiki.debian.org/Debuginfod

          Thanks,

        • Debian Launches A Debuginfod Server For Smoother Debugging Experience

          Debian is the latest major Linux distribution deploying a Debuginfod web server so that ELF/DWARF/source-code information can be supplied via HTTP to clients on-demand when debugging.

          Introduced last year was Debuginfod with GNU Binutils 2.34 for distributing debugging information / source code on demand. Readelf and objdump utilities can query connected Debuginfod servers for source files / data based on a build ID. Debuginfod support was later integrated into the GNU Debugger too (GDB 10.1). The effort was led by Red Hat engineers while now Debian is getting in on this practical feature too.

    • Devices/Embedded

    • Free, Libre, and Open Source Software

      • Best Free and Open Source Alternatives to Gmail

        Google has a firm grip on the desktop. Their products and services are ubiquitous. Don’t get us wrong, we’re long-standing admirers of many of Google’s products and services. They are often high quality, easy to use, and ‘free’, but there can be downsides of over-reliance on a specific company. For example, there are concerns about their privacy policies, business practices, and an almost insatiable desire to control all of our data, all of the time.

        What if you are looking to move away from Google and embark on a new world of online freedom, where you are not constantly tracked, monetised and attached to Google’s ecosystem.

        In this series, we explore how you can migrate from Google without missing out on anything. We’ll recommend open source solutions.

      • Web Browsers

        • Chromium

        • Mozilla

          • Firefox 86 Brings Total Cookie Protection and Multi-PIP Feature

            Mozilla announced the latest release of Firefox 86 and it brings important features that make you more secure on the web.

          • Firefox 86 Is An Exciting Release With Total Cookie Protection and Multiple Picture-in-Picture Mode

            Firefox as an open-source Chrome alternative is already a quite popular choice among Linux users. With every recent update to Mozilla Firefox, it looks like Firefox is proving to be a compelling choice over Chromium-based browsers overall.

            The announcement for Firefox 86.0 is yet something interesting.

            With Firefox 86 update, there are two key additions along with some other improvements. Let’s talk about it here.

          • The Benefits Of Code Review For The Reviewer

            Code Review is an essential part of the process of publishing code. We often talk about the benefits of code review for projects and for people writing the code. I want to talk about the benefits for the person actually reviewing the code.

            [...]

            There is a feel good opportunity when doing good code reviews. Specifically, when the review helped to improve both the code and the developer. Nothing better than the last comment of a developer being happy of having the code merged and the feeling of improving skills.

          • Introducing Fabiola Lopez

            Please join us in welcoming Fabiola Lopez (Fabi) to the team. Fabi will be helping us with support content in English and Spanish, so you’ll see her in both locales.

          • New Release: Tor Browser 10.0.12

            Tor Browser 10.0.12 is now available from the Tor Browser download page and also from our distribution directory.

            This version updates Desktop Firefox to 78.8.0esr and Android Firefox to 86.1.0. In addition, Tor Browser 10.0.12 updates NoScript to 11.2.2, Openssl to 1.1.1j, and Tor to 0.4.5.6. This version includes important security updates to Firefox for Desktop, and similar important security updates to Firefox for Android.

      • SaaS/Back End/Databases

        • MariaDB 10.5.9 Release Notes

          MariaDB 10.5 is the current stable series of MariaDB. It is an evolution of MariaDB 10.4 with several entirely new features not found anywhere else and with backported and reimplemented features from MySQL.

      • FSF

        • GNU Projects

          • GCC 10 vs. GCC 11 Compiler Performance On AMD Zen 3

            After recently looking at the early LLVM Clang 12 compiler performance on the AMD Ryzen 9 5950X, in today’s benchmarking is a look at how the GCC 11 compiler performance is looking in its near final state compared to GCC 10 under a variety of build CFLAGS/CXXFLAGS configurations on the AMD Zen 3 desktop.

            This round of compiler benchmarking is focused on the GCC 10.2 versus GCC 11.0.0 (20210207 development snapshot) performance with the AMD Ryzen 9 5950X. Both GNU Compiler Collection releases were built in the same release configuration mode. The tested CFLAGS/CXXFLAGS under each compiler included…

          • GNU poke 0.91 pre-released in alpha.gnu.org

            GNU poke (http://www.jemarch.net/poke) is an interactive, extensible editor for binary data. Not limited to editing basic entities such as bits and bytes, it provides a full-fledged procedural, interactive programming language designed to describe data structures and to operate on them.

      • Programming/Development

        • Clang LTO Support Merged For Linux 5.12 Including ARM64 + x86_64

          Pop open the champagne as the in-development Linux 5.12 kernel will be able to support link-time optimizations (LTO) in conjunction with the LLVM Clang compiler on not only AArch64 (64-bit ARM) but also x86_64.

          Last week I noted that Clang LTO support had been submitted but at the time was not clear if Linus Torvalds was willing to land it given his past comments around LTO’ing the kernel. With that pull request it was also just for AArch64 with the x86_64 support not yet squared away.

          Years ago Linus Torvalds was unconvinced by GCC LTO support for the kernel and that code ultimately was never mainlined. With Clang the benefits are much the same in allowing for potentially greater performance by allowing the code compiler to apply optimization passes at link-time on the entire kernel rather than being limited on a per source file basis. LTO also has the possibility of providing greater space savings too. Plus in the case of Clang, LTO for the kernel is also needed to support Control Flow Integrity (CFI) for the kernel.

        • add -ftrivial-auto-var-init and variable attribute “uninitialized” to gcc

          This is the first version of the complete patch for the new security feature for GCC:

          Initialize automatic variables with new first class option -ftrivial-auto-var-init=[uninitialized|pattern|zero]
          and a new variable attribute “uninitialized” to exclude some variables from automatical initialization to
          Control runtime overhead.

        • Proposed GCC 12 Security Option Would Auto Initialize Automatic Variables – Phoronix

          An Oracle engineer has proposed introducing a new “-ftrivial-auto-var-init=” option for the GCC compiler that would allowing initializing automatic variables with either a pattern or zeroes in the name of security.

          In trying to fight security issues stemming from uninitialized memory disclosure, the suggested -ftrivial-auto-var-init==zero would initialize automatic variables with zeroes unless the new “uninitialized” variable attribute was used on a particular variable for overriding the behavior.

        • An incomplete list of complaints about real code

          A couple of weeks ago, I got bored and decided to come up with a list of things that have bothered me when trying to run software to get things done. These might be reliability concerns, or development issues, or really anything else that bothered me at the time. This was actually pretty illuminating.

          I would actually recommend other people try it with their own annoyances and see how things stack up. It was interesting to look at the rows to see which choices were particularly bad because they hit so many of them, and then to look at the columns to see how often they showed up regardless of the language or environment.

        • Call for testing: OpenSSH 8.5

          OpenSSH 8.5p1 is almost ready for release, so we would appreciate testing on as many platforms and systems as possible. This is a bugfix release.

        • Perl/Raku

          • Pattern dispatch | Playing Perl 6 b6xA Raku

            The ever helpful raiph wished for RakuAST in an answer to a question about pattern matching like it is done in Haskell. It was proposed to use MMD to solve this problem. Doing so and getting a fall-through default was unsolved. Since dispatch simply is pattern matching we just need to do some extra work. In a nutshell, the dispatcher gets a list of functions and a list with arguments. The first function that takes all arguments wins.

        • Python

          • Python While Loop: Intro and Explanation – Make Tech Easier

            Coding is (of course) about building things to help others. However, creating programs and software has more to do with automating repetitive or complex tasks than anything else. Python’s while loop lets you repeat suites of code to automate many actions at once.

            In this post, we show you how to use Python’s while loop. First, let’s talk about what the while loop does and where it’s best used.

        • Shell/Bash/Zsh/Ksh

          • Four kinds of data anomalies

            Datasets sometimes contain perfectly well-formed items that really don’t belong with the other items in their field. In my data auditing work, anomalous items are typically out of range, out of place, out of match or out of date. Below are some real-world examples.

        • Java

    • Standards/Consortia

  • Leftovers

    • Welcoming a Return to Sanity

      “Government is not the solution to our problem, government is the problem,” the conservative president charged during his first inaugural address in 1981. Nonsense.

      Reagan’s phrase was right-wing bull that expressed the belief among conservatives that small government is best. Government should stay out of people’s lives as much as possible, they believe, to avoid what they refer to as socialism, a warped definition meant to infer that old bugaboo, communism.That’s the same baloney as the right-wing belief that giving corporations and the wealthy tax cuts would mean the money they saved would trickle down to the working class. It’s a debunked theory proposed by conservatives to justify lower taxes for Republican-backed big businesses and rich donors.

    • The Broken System

      Last spring, Representative James Clyburn of South Carolina explained why, at a pivotal moment in the Democratic primaries, he endorsed Joe Biden for president: “Our problem, it seems to me, is too many candidates spend time trying to let people know how smart they are, rather than trying to connect to people.” Clyburn said he hates it when candidates tell voters they need to be able to send their kids to college. What about the people who want to be electricians, plumbers, barbers? The promise of debt-free college, he continued, offers nothing to the significant part of his constituency that doesn’t want to go to college.

    • Mourning Dr. Agha Saeed, Celebrating his Life

      Harvard-trained with a PhD in political science from UC Berkeley, and working as an academic for decades in California and other places, Dr. Saeed was not content with the life of a university professor, but wanted to make a real difference in the life of his community and Ummah. Since the late 1980s and for over two decades, Dr. Saeed led the efforts towards the political empowerment and recognition of the American Muslim community. He believed that respect and recognition is earned, not conferred from the powers. From the streets to university campuses and community centers, and from conference halls and TV studios to the corridors of Congress, Dr. Saeed was the renowned leader and assuring voice fighting for recognition, inclusion, and dignity.

      By educating, mobilizing, organizing, and uniting the major American Muslim political and civic engagement organizations, he was able to inspire and mentor countless people towards their civic duties and political involvement. He was a true visionary, a great intellect, a genuine leader, a strategic voice, a most decent human being, a fierce fighter for truth and justice, a brave spokesperson for the weak, exploited, the poor, and downtrodden, a sworn enemy of injustice, tyranny, and dictatorships, and a passionate defender of civil and human rights in the tradition of Malcolm X, MLK, and Mandela. But with his sharp intellect and leadership skills, he was also a humble and loving person with a soft, big heart, and teary eyed upon hearing of suffering or pain.

    • Lawrence Ferlinghetti—Poet, Publisher, and Activist—Dies in His Beloved San Francisco at Age 101

      “Lawrence Ferlinghetti kicked open the door to free up publishing in this country. He risked a great deal for a lot of books that are now considered classics.”

    • Opinion | 500,000
    • Remembering Octavia Butler: Black Sci-Fi Writer Shares Cautionary Tales in Unearthed 2005 Interview

      As Democracy Now! marks 25 years on the air, we are revisiting some of the best and most impactful moments from the program’s history, including one of the last television interviews given by the visionary Black science-fiction writer Octavia Butler. She spoke to Democracy Now! in November 2005, just three months before she died on February 24, 2006, at age 58. Butler was the first Black woman to win Hugo and Nebula awards for science-fiction writing and the first science-fiction writer to receive a MacArthur “genius” fellowship. Her best-known books include the classics “Kindred,” as well as “Parable of the Sower” and “Parable of the Talents” — two-thirds of a trilogy that was never finished. Her work inspired a new generation of Black science-fiction writers, and she has been called “the Mother of Afrofuturism.” Her 2005 interview with Democracy Now! took place shortly after Hurricane Katrina devastated New Orleans and as President George W. Bush was overseeing the U.S. wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. When asked how she set out to become a science-fiction writer when there were so few examples of Black women working in the genre, Butler said she never doubted her abilities. “I assumed that I could do it,” she said. “I wasn’t being brave or even thoughtful. I wanted it. And I assumed I could have it.”

    • adrienne maree brown: Octavia Butler’s Visions of the Future Have Transformed Generation of Readers

      The visionary Black science-fiction writer Octavia Butler died 15 years ago on February 24, 2006, but her influence and readership has only continued to grow since then. In September, Butler’s novel “Parable of the Sower” became her first to reach the New York Times best-seller list. We speak with adrienne maree brown, a writer and Octavia Butler scholar, who says Butler had a remarkable talent for universalizing Black stories. “She wrote about Black women and about Black feminism, about Black futures, but she wrote in a way that appealed to all human beings,” says brown.

    • Curator estimates Capitol art damage from mob totals $25K

      Farar Elliott, the House curator, is slated to say in prepared testimony on Wednesday before the House Appropriations subcommittee overseeing funding for the legislative branch that the $25,000 is needed to fix eight objects in the hallways leading to the House chamber that were covered in fire extinguisher residue during the insurrection by former President Trump’s supporters.

      The objects include marble and granite busts of former Speakers Joe Cannon, Champ Clark, Joe Martin, and Thomas Brackett Reed; portraits of former Presidents James Madison and John Quincy Adams; a bust of Chippewa leader Be shekee; and a statue of former President Thomas Jefferson.

    • Science

      • Plutonium in Space: What Are the Odds of a Catastrophe?

        “A ‘1-in-960 chance’ of a deadly plutonium release is a real concern—gamblers in Las Vegas would be happy with those odds,” says Bruce Gagnon, coordinator of the Global Network Against Weapons and Nuclear Power in Space.

        Indeed, big-money lotteries have odds far higher than 1-in-960 and routinely people win those lotteries.

    • Education

    • Health/Nutrition

      • India’s Farm Crisis: “They Sell Our Wheat to Us at Thrice the Price”
      • ‘A Disgrace’: Israel Sending Covid Vaccines Overseas as Occupied Palestinians Left Without Access

        “Deeply, deeply messed up… Honduras, 7,500 miles away, will get some but Palestinians living under Israeli control still neglected.”

      • As the Pandemic Raged, Abortion Access Nearly Flickered Out

        The door of the Planned Parenthood clinic in Columbus was locked when Larada Lee arrived for the first of two appointments she needed to get an abortion under Ohio state law. About a dozen anti-choice protesters had gathered outside, without masks, calling Lee a baby killer as she approached the door. Lee felt nauseated from her pregnancy, at times unable to keep down even water. Her bones ached. She was missing her classes at Ohio State University. The fatal shootings of Ahmaud Arbery and Breonna Taylor in recent weeks were weighing her down with a sense of hopelessness. Meanwhile, Ohio officials had sparked confusion by ordering a halt to “nonessential” abortions. “Being Black in the middle of trying to seek an abortion in the middle of a pandemic—it was really difficult to navigate all of those feelings while also trying to focus on ’I hope that they don’t take this away from us,’” Lee said in a recent interview with The Nation, recalling her experience back in March and April. The day before, when she went to an urgent care clinic wearing her hijab, the white male doctor had seemed to belittle her, calling her brave for coming out in a pandemic just to get a pregnancy test. “You could tell that they just were being, like, really short because it wasn’t at the forefront of their concerns—which, it was at the forefront of mine, because I’m pregnant in the middle of a pandemic,” Lee said.

      • Morons, Vaccines and Tennis: Booing at the Australian Open

        With sport, history, and battle motifs entangled, supporters awaited, impatiently, for their hero to take the cup.  The necessary formalities had to be settled.  Tennis Australia president Jayne Hrdlicka gave an unremarkable speech, and felt it necessary to mention the difficulties that had come with staging the tournament.  “It’s been a time of heartfelt challenge.  It’s been a time of deep loss and extraordinary sacrifice for everyone.”  But there was some reason to cheer. “With vaccinations on the way, rolling out in many countries around the world, it’s now a time for optimism and hope for the future.”

        Boos, hissing and jeering followed.  These were also repeated when thanks was offered to the Victorian government.  Having endured a 112-day hard lockdown with strict limits on movement last year, and a snap five day lockdown that also ate into the tournament schedule, many of the spectators were weary and disgruntled.  Hrdlicka was diplomatic.  “You are a very opinionated group of people.”

      • Before Forcing the Vote on Medicare for All, We Must Build Power

        In the waning days of Donald Trump’s presidency, amid a holiday season all but canceled for many by Covid-19, a heated debate unfolded in the left-of-center Twitterverse. Kicked off by a viral clip of comedian Jimmy Dore, who called on Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and other progressive representatives to withhold their support for Nancy Pelosi’s reelection as House speaker unless she agreed to a floor vote on Pramila Jayapal’s Medicare for All bill, the #ForceTheVote campaign fiercely divided advocates for single-payer health care. While both sides agreed that the gambit had no chance of actually leading to the bill’s passage—it isn’t supported by a majority of Democrats, let alone a majority of Congress—they disagreed on whether it advanced the interests of Medicare for All over the long haul. For proponents, the tactic promised an attention-grabbing spectacle highlighting the urgency of universal health care in the midst of a pandemic and would yield valuable campaign fodder to use against its opponents. But others saw it as little more than a parliamentary stunt that would go unnoticed at best and, at worst, would reinforce the media narrative that frames Medicare for All as an impossible pipe dream.

      • We Can’t Miss the Next Chance to Force the Vote on Medicare for All

        The recent #ForceTheVote campaign, which urged progressive members of Congress to withhold their support for Nancy Pelosi’s reelection as House speaker until she pledged to bring Representative Pramila Jayapal’s Medicare for All bill to a floor vote, was more than theoretical. I believe that Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, her squadmates, and our historic contingent of lefty representatives should have forced the vote. Not for the Twitter, Twitch, and Instagram thrills or as an act of political theater, but as proof that the working class will not let any elected officials—whether Trumpers or liberal Democrats—deprive us of our human right to health care.

      • Citing Concerns About Corporate Power, Bernie Sanders Votes Against Biden’s Choice for USDA Chief

        The senator said he opposed Tom Vilsack’s confirmation “because at a time when corporate consolidation of agriculture is rampant and family farms are being decimated, we need a secretary who is prepared to vigorously take on corporate power in the industry.”

      • President Biden, Who Controls Our Food System Matters

        President Biden, we’re pleading with you—please take steps to ensure American family farms can still make a living, that rural communities thrive, and that we have a food system that works for consumers, our environment, national security, and our democracy. We’ve been going in the wrong direction for far too long.

      • Snap Decisions: Victoria’s Third Lockdown

        The noise, usually towards the latter part of the day, is a din of offers.  “One-dollar bag!  One-dollar bag!”    Over the course of the latest lockdown in Victoria – its third since the coronavirus pandemic began – calls for the one-dollar bag have become rarer.  There is little stomach for the vendors to gather their produce from out of the city, unpack it at the market, and then sit in a boredom bordering on the lethal.  Weariness encourages dark thoughts.

        Towards the Peel Street side of the market are a Turkish couple who have held a spot selling peppers sweet and hot for years.  Fruits and various marrows also feature.  Since the pandemic, their wallets have been gradually emptying, a frittering process that has induced melancholy desperation.  The produce is simply not selling.  The colourful stalls are left untouched; the crowds, battered by months of restrictions, are reluctant to make an appearance.  In the wake of this Pavlovian experiment in public health, rivers of people have become trickles.

      • Part II – Western Capital’s Long Chinese Mission: From Opium to COVID Vaccine Credentials

        In “The Disarticulation of Pandemic War Propaganda,” a transparent attempt to frame China as the instigator of worldwide lockdown policies was revealed to be the work of a group of self-styled libertarian-minded individuals. Their links to the UK, the United States, and Canadian governments tie a neat Pentagon-size bow around ongoing efforts to demonize the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).

      • WHO Urges Rich Countries to Stop Undermining Efforts to Vaccinate Poorer Ones
    • Integrity/Availability

      • Proprietary

        • Why Was SolarWinds So Vulnerable to a [Crack]?

          Early in 2020, cyberspace attackers apparently working for the Russian government compromised a piece of widely used network management software made by a company called SolarWinds. The [attack] gave the attackers access to the computer networks of some 18,000 of SolarWinds’s customers, including U.S. government agencies such as the Homeland Security Department and State Department, American nuclear research labs, government contractors, IT companies and nongovernmental agencies around the world.

          It was a huge attack, with major implications for U.S. national security. The Senate Intelligence Committee is scheduled to hold a hearing on the breach on Tuesday. Who is at fault?

        • M1 Mac users are reporting excessive SSD wear and tear

          If you have a new M1 Mac, you probably think it’s going to last for years and years, but some new troubling data suggests that might not be the case. More than a few users are reporting that SSDs on Apple’s M1 Macs are possibly being overused by the system, which could cause them to wear out earlier than usual.

        • Security

          • Top Linux distro tells users: Stop using out of date versions, update your software now

            The maintainers of the Mint Linux distribution are calling on users to update their software after conducting research that found many of them are not keeping their software up-to-date.

          • Checkout Skimmers Powered by Chip Cards

            Easily the most sophisticated skimming devices made for hacking terminals at retail self-checkout lanes are a new breed of PIN pad overlay combined with a flexible, paper-thin device that fits inside the terminal’s chip reader slot. What enables these skimmers to be so slim? They draw their power from the low-voltage current that gets triggered when a chip-based card is inserted. As a result, they do not require external batteries, and can remain in operation indefinitely.

          • Privacy/Surveillance

    • Defence/Aggression

      • Will Biden Really End Our Endless Wars?

        In early February, Joe Biden went to the State Department to give the first foreign policy address of his presidency. His key theme was the need to restore America’s global leadership by adopting a policy of diplomacy first and repairing the damage to US alliances inflicted by Donald Trump. In support of that pledge, Biden recounted a series of steps he has taken already, from extending the New START nuclear arms reduction treaty with Russia to rejoining the Paris climate accord and the World Health Organization. He has also promised to rejoin the Iran nuclear deal. This piece was adapted from an article on the Center for International Policy blog, The Baraza.

      • Democracy Now amplifies State Department propaganda campaign against China behind progressive cover
      • Opinion | What Planet Is NATO Living On?

        NATO’s failure to seriously examine its own role in what it euphemistically calls “uncertain times” should therefore be more alarming to Americans and Europeans than its one-sided criticisms of Russia and China, whose contributions to the uncertainty of our times pale by comparison.

      • What Planet Is NATO Living On?

        The February meeting of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) Defense Ministers, the first since President Biden took power, revealed an antiquated, 75-year-old alliance that, despite its military failures in Afghanistan and Libya, is now turning its military madness toward two more formidable, nuclear-armed enemies: Russia and China.

      • It wasn’t an “intelligence failure” that left Capitol Police unprepared — it was racism

        Sund’s story is that because of flawed intelligence, he judged the danger posed by the Jan. 6 protests as similar in scale to that posed by previous pro-Trump rallies nearby, none of which amounted to much.

        But take a few moments to read this one “redacted” excerpt from the internal Jan. 3 memo that the Post made public. Sund’s excuses fall apart. (The public really needs to see the full, unredacted memo, by the way.)

      • ‘You can’t just push send’: 20 years after 9/11, FBI accused of intel failure before Capitol [Insurrection]

        An FBI intelligence report describing plans for violence at the Capitol was sent via email to lower-level officials the night before the Jan. 6 [insurrection], and was never read by Capitol Police or Washington, D.C. leaders, according to testimony at Tuesday’s Senate hearing.

      • Denmark poised to block path to citizenship for migrants from Muslim nations

        The New Right’s proposal would split those eligible for citizenship into two groups – those from largely Muslim areas such as the Middle East, North Africa, Turkey, Afghanistan and Pakistan, and those from elsewhere.

      • 4 women who ran empowerment workshops killed in Pakistan

        The women were shot in an apparent targeted attack as they passed through a deserted village near the town of Mirali in North Waziristan tribal district, police chief Shafiullah Gandapur told NBC News.

      • Hearings begin in landmark Liberia war-crimes trial

        But in a landmark move, the Finnish judges are also hearing evidence on Liberian soil — the first time war-crimes proceedings have taken place in the country.

      • Why Has France’s Islamist Separatism Bill Caused Such Controversy?

        On Feb. 16, France’s National Assembly passed a controversial bill meant to protect the country against the dangers of what the government deems “Islamist separatism,” the latest French effort to reinforce the country’s traditional embrace of a secular identity. The bill passed handily, by a vote of 347 to 151, though the left abstained and the far-right felt it didn’t go far enough. Next month, the bill will head to the Senate, dominated by conservatives, where the bill’s passage is pretty much guaranteed.

      • ‘You are not alone’: Former far-right activists launch project to fight online radicalization

        Out of that discussion they started a project called Future Freedom. Part media venture, part virtual support group, the group’s goal is to provide an off-ramp for far-right extremists who were radicalized online in the same ways they themselves once were.

    • Transparency/Investigative Reporting

      • Disinformation Fuels A White Evangelical Movement. It Led 1 Virginia Pastor To Quit

        But Stacy couldn’t separate his role as pastor from the conspiracy theories that were putting a strain on the younger parishioners he worked with. “The danger was of them being given a co-opted Jesus, a Jesus who believed in Q, a Jesus who believed in deep state, a Jesus who automatically voted Republican.”

        He said he could see several outcomes, none of which was any good: Either the younger members would leave the church altogether, or they’d buy into the conspiracy theories or they’d just learn to tolerate them.

        That tolerance — and ambivalence — could be what do the most damage. They’re how conspiracy theories spread.

    • Environment

      • Climate change a grave threat to world peace, Johnson tells UN

        He continued: “The change needed in itself sounds immense, and of course it is, but we already have many of the technologies needed, at least for the initial changes.

        “And perhaps crucially, we also have a level of public support and demand for action that I have myself never seen before. “

      • How a Young Activist Is Helping Pope Francis Battle Climate Change

        Burhans concluded that the Church had the means to address climate issues directly, through better land management, and that it was also capable of protecting populations that were especially vulnerable to the consequences of global warming. Some researchers have estimated that drought, rising sea levels, and other climate-related disasters will drive two hundred million people from their homes by 2050; many of those people live in places—including some parts of Central Africa, the Amazon Basin, and Asia—where the Church has more leverage than any government. “There is no way that we will address the climate crisis or biodiversity loss in any sort of timely manner if the Catholic Church does not engage, especially with its own lands and property,” Burhans said. “At the end of the day, I’m more subordinate to my ecclesiastical authority than I am to my government authority. You can see that kind of sentiment even in non-Catholics, like Martin Luther King, Jr.—sometimes you have to default to a greater good.” What if desecration of the environment were a mortal sin? Could faith accomplish what science and politics have not?

      • Coastal Annapolis Becomes 25th US Community to File Climate Suit That Aims to #MakePollutersPay

        “This lawsuit shifts the costs back to where they belong, on those whose knowledge, deception, and pursuit of profits brought these dangers to our shores.”

      • Energy

      • Wildlife/Nature

        • ‘We Must Heed the Warning’: 1 in 3 Freshwater Fishes—Vital to Food and Jobs for Millions—Face Extinction

          “Humanity can’t afford to lose any more of the world’s forgotten fishes or the freshwater ecosystems they inhabit.”

        • The Race to Save the Vaquita Porpoise From Extinction

          The long-running global struggle to prevent extinction of the world’s most endangered marine mammal claimed its first human life here on Jan. 2, in the conflict between illegal fishing and conservation of the vaquita porpoise.

          Fisherman Mario Garcia Toledo, 56, died after suffering massive injuries when his skiff collided with a vessel of the international marine-life watchdog Sea Shepherd while the latter was combing clandestine nets from the waters of the no-catch zone in the Vaquita Refuge of the Upper Golf of California.

    • Finance

      • Opinion | As Cage-Free Momentum Soars, Companies Like Wendy’s Lag Far Behind Competitors

        It’s clear that consumer outreach can motivate these companies to do the right thing, we just need more of it right now.

      • Black Families Have a Vital Stake in the Future of the Postal Service

        The Postal Service began employing African Americans shortly after the Civil War. It became a major source of good, middle class jobs for African Americans in the early 20th century. During the 1940s, civil rights advocacy, combined with wartime needs, created even more opportunities for Black postal workers. By the mid-1960s, African American leadership had increased significantly, with the three biggest post offices in the country — New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles — all headed by Black postmasters. By the end of the 20th century, African Americans comprised 21 percent of all U.S. postal employees.

        In 2020, Black workers made up nearly a quarter of the Postal Service workforce — more than double their share of the total U.S. labor force. According to Institute for Policy Studies analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics data, postal workers have the highest average annual wage ($51,740) and the highest median hourly wage ($25.03) among the 10 occupations with the heaviest representation of Black workers. Four of these 10 occupations have median hourly wages below $15 per hour. Of the 10 most heavily African American occupations, the Postal Service employed the fifth-largest number of workers (see Table).

      • Opinion | Scrap the Cap! Today Is the Day Millionaires and Billionaires Stop Paying Into Social Security

        Wage cap allows millionaires to stop contributing to Social Security on February 23, 2021.

      • In Complaint to FTC, Child Advocates Warn Prodigy Math Game Exploiting Pandemic to Prey on Students, Parents

        “It’s bad enough when commercial apps deliberately frustrate and manipulate children into desiring in-game purchases, but Prodigy’s insidious business model is creating a new form of inequality in classrooms.”

      • Opinion | How This Country Fails Its Most Vulnerable

        A field guide to our threadbare social safety net.

      • Opinion | Congress Must Pass Biden’s Relief Package or Risk an Anemic and Devastatingly Incomplete Recovery

        To do anything less than what Biden has proposed would be irresponsible and reckless.

      • ‘Pathetic’: Romney, Cotton Condemned for Offering $10 Minimum Wage With Added Xenophobic Touch

        “This is an anti-immigrant, low-wage bill masquerading as an attempt to help American workers.”

      • The Fake Debate Over a Minimum Wage

        “Liberals” in the United States have mostly accepted the assumption of that contradiction, the necessity of that final choice. However, they try to demonstrate that the social gains from a higher minimum wage would exceed the social losses from the reduced employment they admit. Their idea, in effect, is that a higher minimum wage would increase demand for goods and services. Any workers fired because of the minimum wage would be rehired elsewhere to meet the rising demand. Countless empirical studies by conservatives and liberals yield, as usual, correspondingly conflicting conclusions.

        In the actual history of U.S. capitalism, the minimum wage has been undercut from the outset. In real terms (what the minimum wage can actually buy), its long-term decline began from a peak in 1968. It was last raised in 2009 (to $7.25 per hour) despite a rising consumer price index every year since then. U.S. business interests plus the “conservative” politicians, media, and academics they support have inundated the public with the idea that raising the minimum wage will hurt poorly paid workers (by losing mostly small business jobs) more than help them. This debate over the minimum wage, intensified whenever proposals to raise it gain public attention, has been “won” chiefly by the conservative/business side.

      • Over 33 Percent of Low-Paid Workers Lost Jobs During Pandemic
      • New York Attorney General Backs Whistleblowers In Lawsuit Against Amazon Over Pandemic Workplace Conditions

        *The following was originally published as part of The Dissenter newsletter.Backing claims of retaliation by two whistleblowers, the New York’s attorney general sued Amazon for failing to protect workers during the COVID-19 pandemic.The complaint [PDF] filed on February 16 covers Amazon’s mistreatment or neglect toward workers at two facilities in New York City—a Staten Island fulfillment center and a Queens distribution center.It notes Attorney General Letitia James obtained documentation with evidence of “adverse actions” taken against workers at the fulfillment center in “retaliation for raising health and safety concerns.”“While Amazon and its CEO made billions during this crisis, hardworking employees were forced to endure unsafe conditions and were retaliated against for rightfully voicing these concerns,” James declared. “Since the pandemic began, it is clear that Amazon has valued profit over people and has failed to ensure the health and safety of its workers.”Christian Smalls and Derrick Palmer worked at the fulfillment center and blew the whistle on hazardous workplace conditions in March 2020. They shared what they witnessed with the news media and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).Although these were protected disclosures under labor law, Amazon fired Smalls and singled out Palmer for discipline.Smalls was informed his employment would be terminated after he participated in a March 30 protest and called attention to health and safety issues. The corporation claimed he was terminated for “violating the quarantine order and for violating Amazon’s social distancing requirements by his conduct during the March 30 protest.”The two whistleblowers informed representatives they believed they came into close contact with an employee, who tested positive for COVID-19.Before it was confirmed that Smalls would need to quarantine, Christine Hernandez, a human resources manager, discussed a plan for retaliation with a “human resources business partner” on March 27.Hernandez and the “business partner” “anticipated that Amazon would issue Smalls a directive to quarantine and that he would violate it” by attending the March 30 protest.Amazon never informed Smalls before or during the protest that he needed to leave because he was violating a quarantine order, according to the complaint. Nor was Smalls ever issued a written warning or instructed he would receive disciplinary coaching.Communications show human resources recognized it was inappropriate for Amazon to approach Smalls with a “termination mentality.”Palmer complained multiple times to Amazon managers in late March and early April. He received a “final written warning” on April 10 for allegedly violating the fulfilment center’s “social distancing policy” on March 25, 26, and 27. But Amazon never issued an initial warning indicating Palmer had violated Amazon policy. At Amazon, ninety percent of discipline for violations resulted in “documented coaching” and fewer than 10 percent resulted in “final written warnings.” The corporation made an example out of Palmer.“Following Amazon’s discharge of Smalls and issuance of a final written warning to Palmer, Amazon employees reasonably fear that if they make legitimate health and safety complaints about Amazon’s COVID-19 response, Amazon will retaliate against them as well,” the complaint contends.In addition to other remedies requested to deal with the lack of workplace safety, the attorney general’s complaint urges the state’s supreme court to award backpay and “emotional distress damages” and order Amazon to reinstate Smalls to his position. It also demands the court order Amazon to “rescind the discipline” against Palmer.Previously, Palmer filed a lawsuit in a federal court in New York. It was dismissed after the court decided whether Amazon was compliant with COVID-19 safety guidelines was a matter for the United States Labor Department’s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to resolve.OSHA has largely shirked its responsibility to protect workers, especially whistleblowers, and deferred to corporate executives.In 2020, OSHA received 4,101 complaints between February 1 and May 31. That represented a 30 percent increase when compared to the same period in 2019. At least 1,600 related to the pandemic, yet only 400 of those cases were “docketed” or put on a list of pending complaints.CNBC reported around the same time Smalls and Palmer voiced concerns, warehouse workers and delivery drivers were “forced to choose between going to work and risking their health or staying home and not being able to pay their bills.”

        The terrain largely remains as it was in the earliest stages of the crisis. As James put it, “Workers who have powered this country and kept it going during the pandemic are the very workers who continue to be treated the worst.”

      • Progressives Vow to Fight Manchin and Sinema Holding Up Stimulus Over $15 Wage
      • ‘This Is Unacceptable’: Progressives Reject Manchin Plan to Cut $15 Minimum Wage Proposal to $11

        “The $15 minimum wage is overwhelmingly popular with the American people. One person should not be allowed to hold relief hostage.”

      • After Trump Was Allowed to Let Lobbyist Run Interior Dept., Manchin Called to ‘Do What’s Right’ and Confirm Haaland

        “The opposition to Congresswoman Haaland’s confirmation is narrow and guided by money, not the qualifications or historic importance of what the nomination of Deb Haaland will do for this country.”

      • Trump Attacks Supreme Court for Allowing Probe Into His Tax Returns
      • Klarna Said to Raise Up to $1 Billion at $31 Billion Valuation

        Klarna Bank AB is raising funds valuing the Swedish fintech startup at around $31 billion, roughly tripling the company’s valuation after its most recent round in September.

        The Stockholm-based company is raising around $800 million and up to $1 billion, the people said, adding the round could be announced in the coming days. Existing investors are participating ahead of a potential public listing next year, said the people, who asked not to be identified because the matter is private.

        A Klarna spokesperson declined to comment.

    • AstroTurf/Lobbying/Politics

      • Opinion | The GOP Intends to Entrench Its Shrinking Minority Over the Majority

        Here’s their playbook—and what the rest of us can do to stop them.

      • GOP Senator on Investigations Committee Blames “Fake Trump Supporters” for Jan 6
      • The public still relies on TV more than the Internet for news in Russia, where TikTok has overtaken Facebook

        More and more Russians are relying on Internet social networks for information, though most still get their news from television programs, where the state dominates. According to a poll conducted last month by the Levada Center independent polling agency (designated as a “foreign agent” by the Russian Justice Ministry), 42 percent of Russians named social networks as a source of information, while 64 percent said they follow the news on TV. Thirty-nine percent of Russians said they also read online publications. 

      • “What Are We Going to Do About It?” Mariame Kaba Talks Abolition in Action
      • Russian political scientist Ekaterina Schulmann raises more than $45,000 for independent journalists and human rights activists

        During a mere two-hour video stream on YouTube this week, Russian political scientist Ekaterina Schulmann managed to collect more than 3.4 million rubles (about $45,000) in donations for the independent news outlet Mediazona and the human rights projects OVD-Info and “Apologia Protest.”

      • Unrepentant About His Cancún Trip, Ted Cruz Blames Media for Publicizing It
      • It Was Garland’s Hearing—but Women of Color Were on Trial

        Merrick Garland is going to be confirmed as the next attorney general. He’s a white man who hasn’t sent mean tweets to Republican lawmakers, which should make him palatable enough for Joe Manchin and Kyrsten Sinema. He’s even likely to pick up some Republican votes: He’s an eminently qualified lawyer with an affable and inoffensive nature. The dude even got choked up during his hearing when speaking about how the country welcomed his grandparents from Europe, protecting them from anti-Semitism, and explained that being the attorney general would be the “highest, best use” of his skills to “pay the country back.” After finishing a pointed line of questioning, Republican senator and faux-folksy Rhodes Scholar John Kennedy let slip, “I think you’ll make a fine attorney general” before he cut his mic.

      • Trump Salary Donation Was 0.1 Percent of Reported $1.6 Billion He Made in Office
      • Beyond Trump and Biden: A Progressive Party Can Rise

        A long-standing decline of U.S. society advanced by both the Republican and Democratic parties has reached a striking low point. Over the past year our government has failed to contain a deadly virus, protect many people from economic ruin, prevent a particularly overt wave of racist violence, and dissuade nearly half of voters from supporting the reelection of a quasi-fascist president (Trump). And that is in addition to many years of politics that have greatly exacerbated social inequality and ecological destruction. Both parties have had a hand in leading us here, through largely favoring the privileged and disregarding the common good. But if our nation had had at least one major party clearly committed to social, economic and environmental justice (i.e., real progressive change), we would not be in this situation.

        Now, if at least one of the two existing dominant parties does not change course dramatically, which neither seems capable of doing, this could be a good year to start diligently building a different party that can save our country. Any such party would faithfully fight for all ordinary people, and it would not be beholden to the super-advantaged. It also would be electorally serious, meaning it would clearly emphasize winning elections (without abandoning its principles). And by gaining power and influence one step and place at a time, it would show that it could eventually become a new major party. This is the only kind of third party that could attract widespread public support. In the abstract many people already want such a party, and emerging events may reinforce that desire. But this party may only develop if the right steps are taken to convince essential sympathizers that it is possible.

      • A Defense of Neera Tanden’s Tweets (but Not of Neera Tanden)

        I am not a fan of Neera Tanden—the head of the Center for American Progress (CAP), and President Joe Biden’s nominee for direction of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB)—and to the best of my knowledge, the feeling is mutual. This doesn’t make me special. Ask any number of leftist writers who spend a lot of time on Twitter about Tanden, and they’ll tell you the same stories: how she announced plans to fire the unionized employees of CAP’s affiliated website, ThinkProgress, and to replace them with scabs (ultimately she just shuttered the site following public backlash); how she allegedly hit a colleague, future Bernie Sanders campaign manager Faiz Shakir, for daring to ask Hillary Clinton about her support for the Iraq War; how she named a victim of workplace sexual harassment in a staff meeting; how she pressured critics of Israel at ThinkProgress, bowing to the demands of pro-Israel lobbyists; how she accepted tens of millions in donations to her ostensibly progressive think tank from Wall Street, Silicon Valley, insurance companies, and the autocratic regime of the United Arab Emirates; how she once suggested compelling Libya to use its oil wealth to pay the United States for its 2011 regime change operation. And that’s to say nothing of the many times Tanden has tried to bully or intimidate journalists (such as The Week’s Ryan Cooper, or me) for writing accurate sentences about her, or complained to managers or editors about comments that she didn’t appreciate—not to mention her open contempt for Sanders and his millions of supporters.

      • Nobody Deserves a Vacation More Than Ted Cruz
      • Here’s What Leaders Facing Global Crises Can Learn From Mikhail Gorbachev

        “What we urgently need now,” former Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev wrote last year, just a month after the Covid-19 pandemic ground life to a halt across the world, “is a rethinking of the entire concept of security.” Rather than measure security purely in military terms, as we usually do, “the overriding goal must be human security: providing food, water and a clean environment and caring for people’s health.”

      • Florida’s Ag Commissioner Refuses to Fly Flag at Half-Staff for Rush Limbaugh
      • Opinion | Our Fundamental Right to Vote Is Under Attack

        In state after state, Republicans want to suppress voting because they know they are a minority party.

      • U.S. COVID Death Toll Hits 500,000 as Rich Nations Hoard Vaccines, Leaving Poorer Nations Without Any

        The United States has passed 500,000 COVID-19 deaths, by far the highest toll in the world. The morbid milestone comes as new COVID-19 cases continue to fall across the country amid an accelerating vaccine rollout, but the head of the World Health Organization is calling on rich countries not to undermine efforts to get vaccines to poorer nations by buying up billions of doses — in some cases ordering enough to vaccinate their populations more than once. “The inequities that we’ve seen here are just absolutely stunning,” says Dr. Craig Spencer, director of global health in emergency medicine at Columbia University Medical Center, who urges advanced economies to share their vaccine stockpiles with poorer countries in order to end the pandemic sooner. “It’s in our public health interest, it’s in our economic interest, and, I think most importantly, it’s really in our ethical and moral compass to be doing this.”

      • Navalny’s Anti-Corruption Foundation director downplays the EU’s refusal to sanction Russian oligarchs

        Ivan Zhdanov, the director of Alexey Navalny’s Anti-Corruption Foundation (which Russia’s Justice Ministry has designated as a “foreign agent”), is trying to put a positive spin on the European Union’s decision not to sanction prominent businessmen Navalny’s associates say are partly responsible for the opposition politician’s imprisonment. Though his team advocates these sanctions, Zhdanov told the radio station Ekho Moskvy that targeting Russian oligarchs is largely impractical because their immense personal resources and access to elite lawyers enable them to challenge and reverse such measures.

      • Amnesty International rescinds Alexey Navalny’s ‘prisoner of conscience’ status because of past ‘hate speech,’ following rumored ‘campaign’ by individuals tied to Russia Today

        The international human rights organization Amnesty International has rescinded its decision to grant “prisoner of conscience” status to Alexey Navalny, arguing that the jailed Russian opposition politician’s past statements about migrants from Central Asia and the North Caucasus constitute hate speech. Alexander Artemyev, the group’s Russia and Eurasia media manager, confirmed the determination to Mediazona on Tuesday, after American journalist Aaron Maté first reported the news from Amnesty’s UK division. 

      • State Department Floats Plans to Reshuffle Counter-Islamic State Envoy Office

        President Joe Biden’s administration is planning to transfer the State Department’s special envoy office charged with leading the anti-ISIS coalition to the bureau that handles counter-terrorism, current and former officials told Foreign Policy. The reshuffle reflects how the new administration views the next phase in the fight against the terrorist organization that once controlled vast swathes of territory in Iraq and Syria–but has sparked debates over how to continue the fight against terrorism while shifting America’s foreign-policy attention to China.

      • After Facebook, Twitter ban, Trump fans and extremists turn elsewhere

        Gab instead of Twitter, MeWe over Facebook, Telegram for messaging and Discord for insiders — banned from mainstream platforms, US conspiracy and supremacist movements, many of which support Donald Trump, have shifted to networks that are more confidential, and harder to regulate.

      • Why Was The National Polling Environment So Off In 2020?

        But one reason the polling in 2020 has received so much attention is that down-ballot polling, namely the generic ballot — which asks respondents whether they plan to vote for a Democrat or Republican in their local race for the U.S. House of Representatives — was also off by a similarly large margin in 2020. In fact, as the table below shows, the House popular vote was 4.2 points more Republican-leaning than the polls anticipated, making it the largest generic ballot polling miss in a presidential or midterm cycle since 2006.2

      • Marine Le Pen Goes On Trial for Opposing Jihad Terror

        AFP reported Tuesday that French “far-right” (i.e., opposed to mass Muslim migration and French cultural and political suicide) leader Marine Le Pen “goes on trial Wednesday on charges she broke hate speech laws by tweeting pictures of Islamic State atrocities, a case she has slammed as a violation of free speech.”

      • SHOCKING: Famous Journalist Exposes the Suicidal Effects of Sweden’s Open Border Policies (Video)

        Swedish journalist and acclaimed author Gunnar Sandelin delivered a shocking speech on 3rd world immigration and its detrimental effects on Scandinavia. The renowned journalist was one of the first mainstream figures in Sweden to be ostracized, fired, and banned from his profession for exposing official government figures on migration.

        The past fall Sandelin was given the Sappho Award by the Danish Free Press Society (Trykkefrihedsselskabet) in Copenhagen. The following video features Mr. Sandelin’s powerful acceptance speech, along with an eye-opening slideshow presentation detailing the effects of Sweden’s suicidal open border policies.

        [...]

        As previously reported at RAIR, the Swedish government funds a radical online “hate” monitoring group, “Näthatsgranskaren”. The group is headed by Tomas Åberg, a disgraced ex-police officer. The group mass-reports Swedes who write critically about migration or Islam online to police officers, who have raided speech offenders homes, roughed them up, placed them under arrest and collected their DNA.

      • HR 1’s Campaign Finance Program: A Reform that Doesn’t Reform

        HR 1, the For the People Act, is an omnibus voting reform bill that has many progressive measures concerning voter registration, voter roll purges, voter-verified paper ballots, early voting, no-excuse absentee ballots, presidential candidate tax returns, gerrymandering, and more. According to reports, the Democratic leadership will whip their members hard to pass the bill through the House and Senate in March.

        But progressives should say not so fast. Buried in the middle of the bill is a public campaign finance program that is merely a public funding palliative that fails to stop the overwhelming domination of big private money in federal elections.

        Progressives should be demanding full public funding based on equal grants for all qualified candidates and a constitutional amendment to end the US Supreme Court imposed doctrines that limit public regulation of campaign funding in public elections.

        Instead, HR 1’s partial public campaign finance program based on matching funds merely adds a token patina of new public money on top of the swelling ocean of private campaign spending. The qualifying thresholds to access this presidential primary matching funds are increased five times, putting the program beyond the reach of third-party candidates. The 6:1 matching funds program for both presidential and congressional candidates increases the funding gaps between candidates by seven times.

    • Censorship/Free Speech

      • Attacks On Internet Free Speech In Malaysia And Indonesia Demonstrate Why Section 230 Is So Important

        Two separate stories from Southeast Asia help demonstrate why intermediary liability protections like Section 230 are so important for free speech online (and why it’s positively ridiculous that some have argued that 230 is an attack on free speech). The first is an article about a court case in Malaysia, in which a small independent media site has been fined an astounding amount: $124,000 over five reader comments that a court said violated the law. Notably, the website in question, Malaysiakini, had removed those comments relatively quickly. But the court said that the removals weren’t fast enough:

      • Student Surveillance Vendor Proctorio Files SLAPP Lawsuit to Silence A Critic

        Given these invasions, it’s no surprise that students and educators are fighting back against these apps. Last fall, Ian Linkletter, a remote learning specialist at the University of British Columbia, became part of a chorus of critics concerned with this industry.

        Now, he’s been sued for speaking out. The outrageous lawsuit—which relies on a bizarre legal theory that linking to publicly viewable videos is copyright infringement—will become an important test of a 2019 British Columbia law passed to defend free speech, the Protection of Public Participation Act, or PPPA.

        This isn’t the first time U.S.-based Proctorio has taken a particularly aggressive tack in responding to public criticism. In July, Proctorio CEO Mike Olsen even publicly posted the chat logs of a student who complained about the software’s support, posting the conversation on Reddit, a move he later apologized for.

      • Removing misinformation isn’t censorship

        In a world where journalism is heavily clouded by one party or the other, it is not hard to understand where these fears of censorship are coming from. Some might argue that misinformation could gain a mottled meaning because of this new removal policy. Thus, conservative-leaning media might get the ax even if it’s not reporting vaccine falsehoods. In these instances, it is up to social media users, regardless of political stance, to speak up against something wrongfully being taken down. But in the case of something that is purely false, such as arguments that vaccines cause autism, there is no censorship occurring when these posts are removed.

        Censorship absolutely can lead to the slippery slope of social media corporations deciding what media users can and can’t post. But for the time being, we should rest easy that “fake news” surrounding vaccines will be cleared away for actual facts. Though we should keep wary of corporations overstepping their boundaries, removing falsehoods from these platforms will help prevent people from being misinformed.

      • Amazon accused of censorship after removing Christian philosopher’s trans critical book

        He added: “While you can’t buy the book on Amazon, you can still get it (for now?) at Barnes and Noble. Given the aggressive push on trans policies coming from the Biden admin, now is a great time to read it. Buy it before you no longer can.”

        Despite removing Anderson’s book, a response published in the same year by Kelly Novak called “Let Harry Become Sally: Responding to the Anti-Transgender Moment” has been allowed to stay.

        Amazon has been accused of censorship after removing Anderson’s book.

      • Bill Aimed At Internet/Social Media Censorship Filed In Wyoming

        The Wyoming Legislature is scheduled to reconvene on Monday, March 1 in Cheyenne. It will be a General Session, meaning any topic can be addressed in a bill without it needing a 2/3 majority vote for introduction.

      • North Dakota House approves bill targeting social media companies for censorship

        The North Dakota House of Representatives has advanced a bill that would prohibit prominent social media platforms from censoring residents of the state.

        The Republican-dominated lower chamber voted 73-21 to send House Bill 1144 to the Senate for consideration.

        The proposal would bar social media sites with more than 150 million active users from censoring North Dakotans’ posts based on race, religion or viewpoint. The bill would also open up social media companies to civil lawsuits from residents who believe they’ve been blacklisted from the sites.

      • As Australia Reaches Deal With Facebook Following News Blackout, Critics Warn Corporate Power Plays Won’t Save Journalism

        “It shouldn’t be up to Facebook and Google to cherry pick and groom publishers it deems acceptable for side deals.”

      • Facebook to Lift Australia News Ban

        “Facebook and Google have not hidden the fact that they know that the eyes of the world are on Australia, and that is why they have sought to get a code here that is workable,” he added, referring to the bill, the News Media Bargaining Code.

        In fact, this week, Microsoft and four European publishing groups announced they would work together to push for Australian-style rules for news payments from tech platforms.

      • Facebook Caves To Australia: Will Restore Links After Government Gives It More Time To Negotiate Paying For News Links

        Facebook is restoring news links in Australia after the government agreed to amend the proposed link tax law. We’ll explain the details down below, but at the very least, this shows part of the reason Facebook did what it did, when it did. The end result still sucks, and I wish Facebook had stood its ground here because this portends a significant closing off of the open internet.

      • Facebook’s Australian News Ban Did Demonstrate The Evil Of Zero Rating

        People have been very angry at me for pointing out that Facebook’s decision to ban links to news down under actually made sense — even though Facebook has now cut a deal to return the links. The move was in response to an incredibly poorly thought out law to force Facebook and Google to pay giant news organizations, just because those news organizations couldn’t figure out how to innovate online. One key point: I said that even if Facebook is the worst representative of the “open web,” this move is the right one for the open web. That’s because the alternative is much worse. Since the Australian law would force Google and Facebook to pay for the crime of linking to news, it would set up the incredibly anti-open web concept that you could be forced to pay to link.

      • Facebook strikes last-minute deal with Australia around news content

        Catch up quick: Facebook’s decision to stop link-sharing was made in response to a new law that would have forced Google and Facebook to pay Australian news publishers for content, including headlines and links, with terms set by a third party, if they weren’t able to come up with payout agreements with local publishers themselves.

      • Microsoft wades into Facebook news fight by siding with European publishers

        The company said Monday that it would team up with media industry groups like the European Publishers Council to lobby for such a policy, which lawmakers around the world are now considering.

        The move comes after Facebook (FB) stopped people from finding news on its platform in Australia last week rather than pay publishers for their content, a decision that produced a global backlash and generated negative headlines for the social media company.

      • I am afraid that France has fallen

        I am worried about France because one of its professors was beheaded just four months ago in broad daylight and now another has to resign following death threats for bravely doing his duty and not only were no real measures taken afterwards. after what happened, but the affair did not become an opinion campaign in Europe.

        I have always thought, for at least fifteen years, when I began to follow what was happening in that country, since my friend Robert Redeker, a philosophy professor in Toulouse, had to go into hiding, become a refugee in his own country, for having defended Ratzinger from Islamic lynching after his speech criticizing Islam at Regensburg, I always thought that France was playing the game that would decide the fate of this civilization shock in Europe.

        I am worried about France, because in the face of this war that has been declared to it, I do not see courage, the will to prevail and moral fiber, but the fiber of an exhausted world. Ours.

      • Iran’s Khamenei decrees that female cartoon characters must wear hijab

        Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei issued a fatwa stating that women in cartoons and animated features must be depicted wearing a hijab, according to al-Arabiya citing Iran’s Tasnim news agency.

        A fatwa is a declaration or ruling on a point of Islamic law given by a recognized higher authority. The ruling is not legally binding, however.

      • Facebook Strikes Deal to Restore News Sharing in Australia

        Facebook had vigorously objected to the code, which would curb its power and drive up its spending for content, as well as setting a precedent for other governments to follow. The company had argued that news would not be worth the hassle in Australia if the bill became law.

        But on Monday, Facebook returned to the negotiating table after the Australian government granted a few minor concessions. Under several amendments to the code, Facebook would get more time to cut deals with publishers so it would not be immediately forced into making payments. The amendments also suggested that if digital platforms had significantly contributed to the Australian news industry, the companies could avoid the code entirely, at least for now.

        In exchange, Facebook agreed to restore news links and articles for Australian users “in the coming days,” according to a statement from Josh Frydenberg, Australia’s treasurer, and Paul Fletcher, the minister for communications, infrastructure, cities and the arts.

      • ‘Fight Until We Win’: Despite Threat of Deadly Force, Hundreds of Thousands Continue Protests Against Myanmar Coup

        “We don’t want the junta, we want democracy,” said one protester. “We want to create our own future.” 

      • A Digital Firewall in Myanmar, Built with Guns and Wire Cutters

        Since the coup, the military has repeatedly shut off the [Internet] and cut access to major social media sites, isolating a country that had only in the past few years linked to the outside world. The military regime has also floated legislation that could criminalize the mildest opinions expressed online.

        So far, the Tatmadaw, as the Myanmar military is known, has depended on cruder forms of control to restrict the flow of information. But the army seems serious about setting up a digital fence to more aggressively filter what people see and do online. Developing such a system could take years and would likely require outside help from Beijing or Moscow, according to experts.

        Such a comprehensive firewall may also exact a heavy price: The [Internet] outages since the coup have paralyzed a struggling economy. Longer disruptions will damage local business interests and foreign investor confidence as well as the military’s own vast business interests.

    • Freedom of Information/Freedom of the Press

      • Capitol Riots were a Dark Day for American Journalism
      • Three Held on Suspicion of Supplying Bomb that Killed Malta Journalist

        Three men suspected of having supplied the bomb which killed Maltese anti-corruption journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia in 2017 were arrested on Tuesday, police said.

        Their arrest came as a man accused of carrying out the killing agreed to a plea deal, accepting his responsibility for the assassination in return for a reduced, 15-year jail term instead of possible life behind bars.

      • Labor leader wants Julian Assange freed

        Anthony Albanese has thrown his support behind releasing Julian Assange from prison after 10 years without freedom.

        The Labor leader was asked at a caucus meeting in Canberra on Tuesday for his view on the ongoing detention of the Australian WikiLeaks founder.

      • 2021-01-23 classic rock radio

        At present, the value of this spectrum is fairly low. Small-town radio is not a great business to be in and these stations regularly sell (not just license but real estate, equipment, branding, etc) for prices below a half million dollars. However, I think that the Tuckers believe in one of two eventualities:

        First, that due to regulatory or other changes there will be a Renaissance of small radio markets that leads to major players like iHeartMedia gaining an interest in buying into these markets. Like real estate investors, the Tuckers will find themselves “in the path of growth” and sell the stations for well more than they bought them.

        Second, and I believe the more likely scenario, the Tuckers are hoping that broadcast FM radio will undergo a technological transformation which makes the spectrum more valuable—perhaps by repurposing FM radio stations for broadband data delivery. As far back as the ’90s there have been developments that might feel like the early stages of this process, with subcarrier and digital encoding methods being used to add overlay services like real-time traffic updates to FM radio stations. HD Radio might be seen as another major step in this transformation.

      • Elijah McClain death: Aurora police didn’t have legal basis to stop, frisk or choke 23-year-old, investigation finds

        Aurora police officers did not have a legal basis to force McClain to stop walking, to frisk him or to use a chokehold on him, according to the investigation commissioned by the city released on Monday.

        Paramedics with the city’s fire department failed to properly evaluate McClain — or even attempt to speak to him — before injecting him with a powerful sedative.

        And the detectives assigned to scrutinize what happened that night “failed to meaningfully investigate” the incident, the report states.

      • Amazon Union Vote Is a Big Deal for the U.S. Labor Movement

        Employees at Amazon’s Bessemer, Alabama, warehouse facility are currently in the process of voting to join the Retail, Wholesale and Department Store Union (RWDSU), a move that would set a crucial precedent for the company’s U.S.-based workforce. More than a dozen U.S. senators, including Elizabeth Warren and Bernie Sanders, signed a letter in support of the employees’ union drive. Those lawmakers, along with countless pro-union advocates and organizations, argue that organized workers have a better chance of winning a more equitable portion of the massive profits Amazon has amassed because of them. Mail-in voting began on February 8 and ballots are due March 29.

      • As Pandemic Profits Put Bezos on Track for Trillionaire Status, Tish James Asks: At What Cost?

        “Throughout this pandemic, Amazon employees have been forced to work in unsafe conditions, all while the company and its CEO made billions off of their backs,” she declared. “This action by Amazon is nothing more than a sad attempt to distract from the facts and shirk accountability for its failures to protect hardworking employees from a deadly virus. Let me be clear: We will not be intimidated by anyone, especially corporate bullies that put profits over the health and safety of working people. We remain undeterred in our efforts to protect workers from exploitation and will continue to review all of our legal options.”

        Then she sued the tech giant that has been dogged by protests from workers in New York who say the company has prioritized profits over employee health and safety. Citing “flagrant disregard for health and safety requirements [that] threatened serious illness and grave harm” to workers at Amazon facilities in the New York City boroughs of Queens and Staten Island, the suit charges: “Amazon has cut corners in complying with the particular requirements that would most jeopardize its sales volume and productivity rates, thereby ensuring outsize profits at an unprecedented rate of growth for the company and its shareholders.”

      • Police investigating case of non-Muslim man in apostasy case, says minister

        Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department (Religious Affairs) Datuk Seri Zulkifli Mohamad Al Bakri today urged the public to let the relevant authorities to take the necessary action against the non-Muslim man who claimed on video, which has since gone viral, to have got a Muslim woman to apostatise.

        He said the police were now investigating the matter.

    • Civil Rights/Policing

      • Opinion | Nomadland: The Lifetime Impacts of Gender-Bias in Wages

        Watch the movie. Then read the book.

      • Notes on Black History Month, 2021: No More Black Messiahs, Please

        Just the other day, I received an email informing me that there was “a racist and bigoted Zoom hijacking incident that occurred during a virtual event that was part of Sonoma State’s Black History Month program.” A spokesperson for the university said, “We will refrain from sharing details of what occurred, because we refuse to provide these cowardly bigoted individuals the platform they seek.”

        I understand and sympathize. The Internet is already rife with racist comments. It doesn’t need more, At the same time, as a member of the community and as a scholar who has written about Black Americans and about racism, I would like to know what was actually said. Just how disgusting was that?

      • Rohingya: The Sufis of Arakan

        That was the former United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Zeid Ra’ad al Hussein, speaking about the way the Myanmar army, the Tatmadaw, dispatched Muslim children from Rohingya villages in Rakhine state, Myanmar. Hussein, though, was talking about his shock at massacres that took place in late 2016, almost a full year before the crisis exploded into the public consciousness in September 2017.

        The massacres, including one at a village called Dar Gyi Zar in November 2016, shocked the UN. But this was nothing new or different. Those who pay attention to Myanmar events already knew that this was business as usual for the Tatmadaw: vicious brutality, the systematic rape of women and girls, the burning of villages, they’re all in the Myanmar army’s day-to-day playbook. The murders may have been committed with extra gusto, the villages razed 100, rather than 75 per cent, only because of the Rohingya’s status as Muslims. It’s ironic to see and hear Burmese soldiers filming themselves telling teenaged Rohingya youth to ‘come here you black Indian mother******’, since they’re not all that different physically.

      • Arizona’s $24-Million Prison Management Software Is Keeping People Locked Up Past The End Of Their Sentences

        The Arizona Department of Corrections is depriving inmates of freedom they’ve earned. Its $24 million tracking software isn’t doing what it’s supposed to when it comes to calculating time served credits. That’s according to whistleblowers who’ve been ignored by the DOC and have taken their complaints to the press. Here’s Jimmy Jenkins of KJZZ, who was given access to documents showing the bug has been well-documented and remains unfixed, more than a year after it was discovered.

      • Law Enforcement, Social Media Users Turn An Act Of Kindness Into A Human Trafficking Investigation

        With enough self-delusion, any act of humanity can be considered a criminal act. It works for cops. It also works for the general public. When you’re a suspicious busybody with an overactive imagination and too much time on your hands, you can waste everyone’s tax dollars by panicking.

      • Opinion | In Indian Country, It’s Not the Weather, It’s the Racism That’s Leaving Thousands in the Dark

        How do we explain the fact that of the 55,000 homes in the Navajo Nation, about 15,000 don’t have electricity—now, or at any time? 

      • Opinion | Danny Glover Explains Why He’s in Alabama With Amazon Workers

        “I agree with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr’s view that the best anti-poverty program is a union,” says Hollywood actor and veteran progressive activist.

      • Opinion | Law Enforcement’s Dangerous Double Standards on Protest

        We’re getting an up-close look at how law enforcement treats left and right protests differently. But the solution is protecting protest, not supercharging law enforcement.

      • As Biden Reopens Texas Detention Center, Amnesty Demands Immigration Policies That Put ‘Best Interests’ of Children First

        “Kids need a place to call home—that’s why they should be with their families, friends, and community members.”

      • Lawyers Who Were Ineligible to Handle Serious Criminal Charges Were Given Thousands of These Cases Anyway

        Soon after receiving his license to practice law in Maine in May 2015, Jeremiah McIntosh, 36, began a new career as a small-town lawyer in the northeast corner of the state’s rural Aroostook County.

        McIntosh advertised online that he had spent almost a dozen years working as a civilian employee for the Defense Department. Now, he quickly fell back into life in his hometown. He volunteered for the town planning board, helped the library register as a nonprofit and opened a rural law office in the small, close-knit community of Washburn, where fewer than 2,000 people live.

    • Internet Policy/Net Neutrality

      • California can finally enforce its landmark net neutrality law, judge rules

        Net neutrality died a horrible death in 2017, but things have just turned around: California’s landmark net neutrality law — erected in 2018 but immediately blocked by lawsuits from Trump’s Department of Justice and the telecom industry — can finally be enforced.

        That’s the verdict from Judge John Mendez today, who declined to grant the telecom industry the preliminary injunction it had requested. The case might not be over, but the law can go into effect — and the judge doesn’t think the telecom industry is likely to win.

    • Digital Restrictions (DRM)

      • John Deere Promised To Back Off Monopolizing Repair. It Then Ignored That Promise Completely.

        Five years or so ago, frustration at John Deere’s draconian tractor DRM helped birth a grassroots tech movement dubbed “right to repair.” The company’s crackdown on “unauthorized repairs” turned countless ordinary citizens into technology policy activists, after DRM (and the company’s EULA) prohibited the lion’s share of repair or modification of tractors customers thought they owned. These restrictions only worked to drive up costs for owners, who faced either paying significantly more money for “authorized” repair (which for many owners involved hauling their tractors hundreds of unnecessary miles), or toying around with pirated firmware just to ensure the products they owned actually worked.

      • Spotify CEO Daniel Ek explains how the company plans to help artists (and itself) make money

        During the 90-minute event, the company rattled through a series of announcements. It detailed a slew of new podcasts, including one featuring former President Barack Obama and rockstar Bruce Springsteen as co-hosts, as well as a full universe of DC Comics programming. It debuted an expanded podcast ad marketplace, bolstered by its Megaphone acquisition and Streaming Ad Insertion technology, along with a Hi-Fi subscription tier. And it teased new tools for podcasters to engage with their audiences and make money through subscriptions. Spotify obviously intends to make podcasting a real revenue driver.

        But none of the announcements were groundbreaking for people in the industry. If anything, they demonstrated how far Spotify has yet to go. Crucially, Spotify announced that 7,500 musicians are making at least $100,000 per year through its platform, which isn’t much considering the service is available in 93 markets. Now, Spotify is trying to make the same pitch to podcasters as it did to musicians — that they’re all on the same side and share the same goals.

    • Monopolies

      • Is Mandated Sideloading The Answer To App Store Deplatforming?

        Smartphone app store policies have come into focus recently, following a series of recent conflicts between app makers and app store operators (principally Apple and Google). These include the removal of conservative-oriented social media platforms Parler and Gab, and the ensuing debate about balancing free speech and harmful content. There have also been numerous conflicts over monetization, including disputes over transaction fees for digital goods and services (e.g. Spotify and Epic Games), and privacy changes that affect third party advertisers (e.g. Facebook).

      • European Cooperation Projects working groups: 22 February – 5 March 2021

        Participation and engagement in the working groups has increased over the past years, reinforcing the exchange of knowledge. This year the event will gather approximately 320 representatives from national and regional IP offices of the EU, user associations and multiple departments of the EUIPO, together with observers from the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), the European Patent Office (EPO) and the European Commission.

      • Patents

        • Equitable Defense of Intervening Rights

          The first appeal focused on the defenses of laches and equitable estoppel. You see, back in 2002 Morris had notified John Bean that the patent was invalid (with an explanation of the prior art). John Bean took no action for the succeeding 11 years. That delay gave rise to the equitable bars. In 2013-2014 John Bean shepherded the patent through ex parte reexamination. The 2014 infringement action followed based upon amended and new claims in the patent. In its 2018 decision, the Federal Circuit explained (1) that laches no longer applies following SCA Hygiene (2017) and (2) equitable estoppel did not bar the patentee from seeking damages for the amended/new claims.

          [...]

          The focus here is on equitable intervening rights created where “substantial preparation was made before the grant of the [reexam].” Under the statute, a judge can allow infringing actions to continue without penalty “to the extent and under such terms as the court deems equitable for the protection of investments made or business commenced before the grant of the [reexam].” In the appeal, the patentee made two main arguments about allowing the infringer to completely avoid damages.

          Equitable Relief to Protect Investments: It is undisputed that Morris has already recouped its investment in the infringing product made prior to the reexamination. Thus, according to the patentee, there is no need for equity to provide further relief “for the protection of investments.” On appeal, the Federal Circuit found no strict limits on scope of relief. “We see no indication in the statute that monetary investments made and recouped before reissue are the only investments that a court may deem sufficient to protect as an equitable remedy.”

        • Software Patents

          • European Union: Patenting Database Technology: EPO Guidelines Update (Video) [Ed: Best continues with his paid-for propaganda for illegal software patents in Europe]

            What types of inventions in database technology are patentable in Europe? The Guidelines for Examination in the European Patent Office will be updated on 1 March 2021 with a new section specifically on database management systems and information retrieval.

          • How the Big Banks and OIN Can Lock Out Patent Trolls with Enabled Publications [Ed: OIN does not work for “community” or for Free software but for banks and rich monopolies]

            While some banks may need invention to prevent banking errors, other banks need to solve a different problem: patent infringement. Barclays Bank, TD Bank, and others have joined the Open Invention Network (OIN) to resist litigation threats from patent trolls.

            For many years, OIN has provided a way to reduce the threat of license and patent infringement cases against open-source software. ipCapital Group has worked to help OIN over the years, and we believe in its mission as well as admire Keith Bergelt, its CEO. In his tenure, he has been able to help it grow to 3,367 licensees.

            This is undoubtedly an area where Invent Anything principles can be a strategic advantage. Specifically, the banks should invent all sorts of improvement ideas and then publish them in a venue like IP.com to generate prior art. In our earlier work we demonstrated that OIN could systematically invent and then publish those inventions to create prior art that would stop trolls from patenting these improvements in the future.

            A quick search of the patent databases shows over a million patents and applications related to banking and finance. This poses a tremendous challenge to the finance and banking industry, so solutions like OIN offers will be desperately needed.

          • Infinity Computer Products, Inc. v. Oki Data Americas, Inc. (Fed. Cir. 2021)

            The ’811 patent is a continuation in part of U.S. Patent No. 5,530,558. The emphasized term “passive link” was a point of contention in the suit and ultimately led to the invalidation of all of the Infinity patents.

            The claimed invention is directed to “using a fax machine as a printer or scanner for a personal computer.” According to the specification, its goal is to “provide a circuit for interfacing a PC and a facsimile to enable the facsimile to be utilized as a scanner or a printer for a PC and to accomplish all of the objectives of a scanner or a printer.”

            Various embodiments involve this circuit being internal or external to a PC. The internal version, with the circuit integrated into a fax modem, is illustrated in Figure 2b of the ’811 patent, reproduced below.

            [...]

            The notion that the passive link would somehow extend to the I/O bus was not supported by the state of the art nor was it actually argued by Infinity. Instead, Infinity wrote that “the non-intercepted data enters through the RS 232 type connector port of the computer and passes directly to the I/O Bus and is processed by the receiving circuits (i.e., UART, CPU) of the computer.” The language here about the UART circuit (which processes serialized communications) is somewhat confusing but should not override the more logical conclusion that the passive link is coextensive with the RS 232 cable.

            The Court seems to recognize that it is wandering into Kafkaesque territory, and noted that “[w]e recognize that, in a vacuum, it might seem odd to hold ‘computer’ indefinite.” But the Court justified the outcome by shifting the blame to Infinity’s own unclear statements.

            In short, the outcome for this case appears to be correct. Infinity took contradictory positions during prosecution, which is enough to render the claims indefinite. The whole discussion of the boundary between the passive link and the computer being uncertain was superfluous at best and specious at worst.

      • Trademarks

      • Copyrights

        • YouTube Identifies Operator of “Shell Company” Behind Class Action Piracy Lawsuit

          A class-action lawsuit filed by musician Maria Schneider and Pirate Monitor claims that YouTube restricts access to takedown tools and fails to act against repeat infringers. However, YouTube is steadily picking the case apart, including by identifying the operator of a “shell company” plaintiff whose earlier work will be familiar to fans of The Simpsons.

        • Copyright Coalition Asks President Biden to Help Fight Piracy and Big Tech

          The CreativeFuture coalition, which represents companies and individuals in the film, TV, music, and publishing industries, is asking President Biden to help fight online piracy. Now that the felony streaming bill and the CASE Act have been passed, big tech companies such as Google and Facebook are key adversaries once again.

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