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Microsoft's Exclusionary Deal in the UK: BECTA

BECTA: The 'Novell' of the British Government?

"The press appears to be portraying BECTA as a victim at the moment, but that's not the full story."BECTA is a government-associated body which procures for education in the United Kingdom. The press appears to be portraying BECTA as a victim at the moment, but that's not the full story. Biased and one-sided journalism? Well, what else is new?

It is actually the BBC that offers sympathy to BECTA. Ironically, yet unsurprisingly, the BBC itself is a 'victim' of Microsoft (mind the comments int he cited page). The same goes for the British Library and National Archives, but they are not this post's focus. In short, a lot of the British government departments are essentially in Microsoft's pocket and they operate in Microsoft's favour at the expense of innocent taxpayers. Just ask Dr. Pugh, who is a Member of Parliament here.

Lawmaker blasts U.K. government on Microsoft policy

"A member of Parliament of the United Kingdom has launched a stinging attack on the U.K. government's IT strategy, saying that it has given Microsoft too much control.

John Pugh, who is a member of Parliament, or MP, for Southport and a member of the Public Accounts Committee, was speaking in an adjournment debate on Tuesday that he had called. The aim of the debate, he said, was to explore the alternatives to using Microsoft software, including open source."


According to the press, 'poor BECTA' suffers from Microsoft, which tries to take over British schools. But... it takes two to tango! BECTA just plays nice due to the European Commission's new probe, we reckon. The OSC and others are on BECTA's tail, so BECTA must find a way out of this mess and cover its behind. Here is a quick refresher from the news (multiple sources confirm consistency):



An advisor to Becta, the education technology quango, has complained to the European Commission about its procurement process for firms to provide online learning platforms and content to British schools.




Local Authorities are avoiding the use of Becta's framework procurement for Learning Platforms, while the European Commission has formally registered Alpha Learning's complaint that the framework failed to comply with European regulations for public procurement.




Open Source Consortium president, Mark Taylor, has been in contact to voice its opinion on the controversy surrounding Becta's purchasing frameworks and the adoption of open source adoption in UK schools.

In short, it doesn't make happy reading for Becta. "The essence of our concern is that they're saying one thing and actually pursuing policies that are exclusive," he said. "Becta's own research shows there are major benefits [with open source], however the reality of the framework is that it excludes both products and services."




MP Pugh reckons shcools should support independent or open source software firms. He says, "In my experience a school is a key part of the community and as such has a role to play in the economy of that community. By supporting SMEs the local high-technology industry will be encouraged which will benefit everyone."




Nineteen MPs have accused a government agency of restricting the procurement of software in schools.




The UK Government's own studies have shown savings of up to 60% can be made by schools and colleges using Open Source software. Despite this clear advantage, some MPs believe the software procurement frameworks from Becta and official advice from DfES effectively locks out the us of free, Open Source software.


Mind the fact that the items above do not cover the same incident. The criticism came from different directions at different stages.

Let's assume that everyone has already become familiar with the stories cited above. Then, and only then, can one begin to consider the most recent 'news', which was reported by the (MS)BBC. The BBC's report follows recent news about BECTA unleashing a report. The response to this report is not as welcoming as the press wishes to paint it. Those who have watches this problem for over a year and even had BECTA reported to the European Commission tell the full story better:

Here is one interpretation of BECTA's complaint.

Rather than investing time and energy into helping to promote real alternatives to Redmond's hold on school IT, Becta is simply using the OFT as a negotiating tool. Like many organisations, Becta seems incapable of thinking outside a Microsoft-defined box.


Here is another.

“Mark Taylor of the Open Source Consortium pressure group said: ‘This is a mini-step in the right direction but what Becta is actually doing is keeping Microsoft in front of the market to the exclusion of alternatives.’ He claimed Becta’s complaint is part of the process of negotiating a new contract for the use of Microsoft technology in schools and will therefore only add to the visibility of Microsoft in the market.”


Someone should truly follow the path taken by Linpro, which is located in Norway.

Schools will no longer be subjected to Windows licensing for Linux or Mac computers. Furthermore, Microsoft has accepted to discontinue their commercial bundling which required schools to buy several Microsoft products to obtain discounts.


Linpro seems to have successfully resolved this issue some months ago, but the damage done over the years translates into a great deal of lock-in that will be hard to leave behind. Still, it's a decent first step in the right direction. Now it's BECTA's turn.

Many other countries (probably most of them) suffer from the same issue and the same tricks are being played. I just don't happen to watch the procurement process in other countries very closely. Perhaps you should.

The story reflects on the nature of the deal with Novell in various ways:

  1. Capture of authority. Novell is one of the most powerful players that contribute to Linux and open source. Likewise, BECTA instructs virtually all schools in the UK, so controlling a position of command is a strategic priority to Microsoft.
  2. Lock-in strategy. The nature of the deal with BECTA is not only exclusionary, but it also imprisons young minds (students), whose personal data and skills will be tied to one software vendor. In the case of SUSE, 'interoperability' limits the ability to dance from one Linux distributor to another. The same goes for support coupons.
  3. Cost strategy. With Novell, licensing agreements mean that no matter if you buy SUSE or Windows, Microsoft will get paid. Similarly, in the UK, whether a school has some PCs running Mac OS and Linux or not, Microsoft will get paid for all the PCs, assuming all are dominated by Microsoft's operating system and pricey office suite (or fall under Microsoft's unsubstantiated patent claims).
  4. Secrecy and lack of transparency. BECTA's last deal with Microsoft was signed just a few of months ago and there was no public disclosure about the deal, even though public money was involved. Remember Novell's SEC filing? Remember how it was redacted? We also had to wait for 9 months before seeing anything, only to be left with more questions than answers [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]. Turning to BECTA again, part of he deal was that it had to remain secret, for competitive reasons (or maybe "antitrust" outcries). This was similar to the tricks Microsoft had used to impose a "chokehold" on OEMs (that's the word which Conlin used in Iowa when she served heaps of compelling proof).


The exclusionary deals with the OEMs would actually make a good comparison when it comes to the deal with Novell. Will anyone be interested in a detailed analysis involving rotten OEM practices and the way they relate to the exclusionary deals with Novell et al?

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